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ADIL Adial Pharmaceuticals

Filed: 4 Jun 21, 7:31am

 

As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 4, 2021

Registration No. 333-                  

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM S-1

REGISTRATION STATEMENT

UNDER

THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

 

ADIAL PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware 8071 82-3074668
(State or other jurisdiction of
 incorporation or organization)
 (Primary Standard Industrial
Classification Code Number)
 (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

1180 Seminole Trail, Suite 495

Charlottesville, Virginia 22901

(434) 422-9800

(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of registrant’s principal executive office)

 

William B. Stilley, III

President and Chief Executive Officer

Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

1180 Seminole Trail, Suite 495

Charlottesville, Virginia 22901

(434) 422-9800

(Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)

 

With copies to:

 

Leslie Marlow, Esq.

Hank Gracin, Esq.

Patrick J. Egan, Esq.

Gracin & Marlow, LLP

The Chrysler Building

405 Lexington Avenue, 26th Floor

New York, New York 10174

Telephone: (212) 907-6457

Facsimile: (212) 208-4657

 

Robert F. Charron

Ellenoff Grossman & Schole LLP

1345 Avenue of the Americas

New York, New York 10105

Telephone: (212) 370-1300

 

Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: As soon as practicable after this registration statement becomes effective.

 

If any of the Securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, check the following box: ☐

 

If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act Registration Statement number of the earlier effective Registration Statement for the same offering: ☐

 

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act Registration Statement number of the earlier effective Registration Statement for the same offering: ☐

 

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act Registration Statement number of the earlier effective Registration Statement for the same offering: ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ☐Accelerated filer ☐
Non-accelerated filer ☒Smaller reporting company ☒
 Emerging Growth Company ☒

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by checkmark if the registrant has not elected to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act. ☐

 

 

 

 

CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE

 

Title of each class of Securities to be Registered Proposed Maximum Aggregate Offering
Price(1)
  Amount of Registration Fee 
Common stock, par value $0.001 per share (2) $23,000,000  $2,510 

 

 

 

(1)Estimated solely for purposes of calculating the amount of the registration fee pursuant to Rule 457(o) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). Includes the offering price of shares of common stock that the underwriters have the option to purchase to cover over-allotments, if any.

 

(2)Pursuant to Rule 416 under the Securities Act, the securities being registered hereunder include such indeterminate number of additional securities as may be issuable to prevent dilution resulting from stock splits, dividends or similar transactions.

 

The registrant hereby amends this registration statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the registrant shall file a further amendment that specifically states that this registration statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 or until the registration statement shall become effective on such date as the Securities and Exchange Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The information in this preliminary prospectus is not complete and may be changed. The selling stockholder may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and we are not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.

 

PRELIMINARY PROSPECTUS SUBJECT TO COMPLETION, DATED JUNE 4, 2021

 

 

 

Shares of Common Stock

 

 

 

We are offering [●] shares of our common stock based on an assumed offering price of $[●] per share, which was the last reported sale price of our common stock on The Nasdaq Capital Market on June [●], 2021.

 

Our common stock is listed on The Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “ADIL.” On June 3, 2021, the last reported sale price of our common stock on The Nasdaq Capital Market was $2.82 per share.

 

The public offering price per share of common stock will be determined by us at the time of pricing, may be at a discount to the current market price, and the recent market price used throughout this prospectus may not be indicative of the final offering price.

 

You should read this prospectus, together with additional information described under the headings “Incorporation of Certain Information By Reference” and “Where You Can Find Additional Information,” carefully before you invest in any of our securities.

 

Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. See the section entitled “Risk Factors” beginning on page 9 of this prospectus and in the documents incorporated by reference into this prospectus for a discussion of risks that should be considered in connection with an investment in our securities. 

 

  Per Share  Total 
Public offering price $  $ 
Underwriting discounts and commissions (1) $  $ 
Proceeds to us, before expenses $  $ 

 

 

 

 

(1)See “Underwriting” for additional information regarding underwriting compensation.

 

We have granted the underwriters an option for a period of 30 days to purchase up to [●] additional shares of our common stock solely to cover over-allotments.

 

The delivery of the shares of common stock to purchasers is expected to be made on or about [●], 2021.

 

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or passed upon the adequacy or accuracy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 

 

 

Sole Book-Running Manager

 

Oppenheimer & Co.

 

The date of this prospectus is                        , 2021

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUSii
SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS iii
PROSPECTUS SUMMARY1
THE OFFERING8
RISK FACTORS9
USE OF PROCEEDS 10
CAPITALIZATION11
DILUTION12
DIVIDEND POLICY13
DESCRIPTION OF OUR SECURITIES14
DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES WE ARE OFFERING19
UNDERWRITING20
WHERE YOU CAN FIND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION26
INCORPORATION OF CERTAIN INFORMATION BY REFERENCE26
LEGAL MATTERS27
EXPERTS27
DISCLOSURE OF COMMISSION POSITION ON INDEMNIFICATION FOR SECURITIES ACT LIABILITIES27

 

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ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS

 

We incorporate by reference important information into this prospectus. You may obtain the information incorporated by reference without charge by following the instructions under “Where You Can Find Additional Information.” You should carefully read this prospectus as well as additional information described under “Incorporation of Certain Information By Reference,” before deciding to invest in our securities.

 

Neither we nor the underwriters have authorized anyone to provide you with additional information or information different from that contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). We take no responsibility for, and can provide no assurance as to the reliability of, any other information that others may give you. The underwriters are offering to sell, and seeking offers to buy, our securities only in jurisdictions where offers and sales are permitted. The information contained in this prospectus, or any document incorporated by reference in this prospectus, is accurate only as of the date of those respective documents, regardless of the time of delivery of this prospectus or any sale of our securities. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed since that date.

 

The information incorporated by reference or provided in this prospectus contains statistical data and estimates, including those relating to market size and competitive position of the markets in which we participate, that we obtained from our own internal estimates and research, as well as from industry and general publications and research, surveys and studies conducted by third parties. Industry publications, studies and surveys generally state that they have been obtained from sources believed to be reliable. While we believe our internal company research is reliable and the definitions of our market and industry are appropriate, neither this research nor these definitions have been verified by any independent source.

 

For investors outside the United States (“U.S.”): We and the underwriters have not done anything that would permit this offering or the possession or distribution of this prospectus in any jurisdiction where action for those purposes is required, other than in the U.S. Persons outside the U.S. who come into possession of this prospectus must inform themselves about, and observe any restrictions relating to, the offering of the securities and the distribution of this prospectus outside of the U.S.

 

In this prospectus, the “Company,” “we,” “us,” “our” and “Adial” refer to Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

 

ii

 

 

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This prospectus and the documents incorporated by reference into this prospectus include forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, that relate to future events or our future financial performance and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to differ materially from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Words such as, but not limited to, “anticipate,” “aim,” “believe,” “contemplate,” “continue,” “could,” “design,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “might,” “plan,” “predict,” “poise,” “project,” “potential,” “suggest,” “should,” “strategy,” “target,” “will,” “would,” and similar expressions or phrases, or the negative of those expressions or phrases, are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words. Although we believe that we have a reasonable basis for each forward-looking statement contained in this prospectus and incorporated by reference into this prospectus, we caution you that these statements are based on our projections of the future that are subject to known and unknown risks and uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, level of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements, to differ. The section in this prospectus entitled “Risk Factors” and the sections in our periodic reports, including the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 (the “2020 Form 10-K”) entitled “Business,” and in the 2020 Form 10-K and the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter March 31, 2021 entitled “Risk Factor” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” as well as other sections in this prospectus and the documents or reports incorporated by reference into this prospectus, discuss some of the factors that could contribute to these differences. These forward-looking statements include, among other things, statements about:

 

the extent to which our business may be adversely affected by the recent COVID-19 outbreak;

 

our projected financial position and estimated cash burn rate;

 

our estimates regarding expenses, future revenues and capital requirements;

 

our need to raise substantial additional capital to fund our operations;

 

the success, cost and timing of our clinical trials;

 

our dependence on third parties in the conduct of our clinical trials;

 

our ability to obtain the necessary regulatory approvals to market and commercialize our product candidates;

 

the potential that results of preclinical and clinical trials indicate our current product candidates or any future product candidates we may seek to develop are unsafe or ineffective;

 

the results of market research conducted by us or others;

 

our ability to obtain and maintain intellectual property protection for our current product candidates;

 

our ability to protect our intellectual property rights and the potential for us to incur substantial costs from lawsuits to enforce or protect our intellectual property rights;

 

the possibility that a third party may claim we have infringed, misappropriated or otherwise violated their intellectual property rights and that we may incur substantial costs and be required to devote substantial time defending against these claims;

 

our reliance on third-party suppliers and manufacturers;

 

the success of competing therapies and products that are or become available;
   
 ability to sell shares of common stock to Keystone Capital Partners, LLC “(“Keystone”) pursuant to the terms of the purchase agreement with Keystone and our ability to register and maintain the registration of the shares issued and issuable thereunder;

 

our ability to expand our organization to accommodate potential growth and our ability to retain and attract key personnel;

 

the potential for us to incur substantial costs resulting from product liability lawsuits against us and the potential for these product liability lawsuits to cause us to limit our commercialization of our product candidates;

 

iii

 

 

market acceptance of our product candidates, the size and growth of the potential markets for our current product candidates and any future product candidates we may seek to develop, and our ability to serve those markets; and

 

the successful development of our commercialization capabilities, including sales and marketing capabilities.

 

Our current product candidates are undergoing clinical development and have not been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) or the European Commission. These product candidates have not been, nor may they ever be, approved by any regulatory agency or competent authorities nor marketed anywhere in the world.

 

We may not actually achieve the plans, intentions or expectations disclosed in our forward-looking statements, and you should not place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements should be regarded solely as our current plans, estimates and beliefs. We have included important factors in the cautionary statements included in this document, particularly in the section entitled “Risk Factors” of this prospectus that we believe could cause actual results or events to differ materially from the forward-looking statements that we make. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks emerge from time to time. It is not possible for our management to predict all risks, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements we may make. Given these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements. All forward-looking statements are qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement. Our forward-looking statements do not reflect the potential impact of any future acquisitions, mergers, dispositions, joint ventures or investments we may make. You should read this prospectus and the documents that we have filed as exhibits to this prospectus and incorporated by reference herein completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from the plans, intentions and expectations disclosed in the forward-looking statements we make. The forward-looking statements contained in this prospectus are made as of the date of this prospectus and we do not assume any obligation to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by applicable law.

 

iv

 

 

 

PROSPECTUS SUMMARY

 

This summary highlights information about our company, this offering and information contained in other parts of this prospectus or incorporated by reference into this prospectus from our filings with the SEC listed in the section entitled “Incorporation of Certain Information by Reference.” Because it is only a summary, it does not contain all of the information that you should consider before purchasing our securities in this offering and it is qualified in its entirety by, and should be read in conjunction with, the more detailed information appearing elsewhere or incorporated by reference into this prospectus. You should read the entire prospectus, the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part, and the information incorporated by reference into this prospectus in their entirety, including the “Risk Factors” and our financial statements and the related notes incorporated by reference into this prospectus, before purchasing our securities in this offering.

 

Except as disclosed in the prospectus, the financial statements and selected historical financial data and other financial information included in, or incorporated by reference into, this prospectus are those of Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc.  

 

Overview

 

We are a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on the development of therapeutics for the treatment or prevention of addiction and related disorders. Our lead investigational new drug product, AD04, is being developed as a therapeutic agent for the treatment of alcohol use disorder (“AUD”). In January 2021, we expanded our portfolio in the field of addiction with the acquisition of Purnovate, LLC, and we continue to explore opportunities to expand our portfolio in the field of addiction and related disorders, both through internal development and through acquisitions. Our vision is to create the world’s leading addiction focused pharmaceutical company.

 

AUD is characterized by an urge to consume alcohol and an inability to control the levels of consumption. We have commenced the landmark ONWARD pivotal Phase 3 clinical trial using AD04 for the potential treatment of AUD in subjects with certain target genotypes. As of this filing, all 25 planned clinical sites were actively enrolling patients, and the ONWARD trial was more than 50% enrolled. The trial is expected to be completed by the first quarter of 2022. We believe our approach is unique in that it targets the serotonin system and individualizes the treatment of AUD, through the use of genetic screening (i.e., a companion diagnostic genetic biomarker). We have created an investigational companion diagnostic biomarker test for the genetic screening of patients with certain biomarkers that, as reported in the American Journal of Psychiatry (Johnson, et. al. 2011 & 2013), we believe will benefit from treatment with AD04. Our strategy is to integrate the pre-treatment genetic screening into AD04’s label to create a patient-specific treatment in one integrated therapeutic offering. Our goal is to develop a genetically targeted, effective and safe product candidate to treat AUD by reducing or eliminating the patients’ consumption of alcohol.

 

We have a worldwide, exclusive license from the University of Virginia Patent Foundation (d.b.a. the Licensing & Venture Group) (“UVA LVG”), which is the licensing arm of the University of Virginia, to commercialize our investigational drug candidate, AD04, subject to Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) approval of the product, based upon three separate patent application families, with patents issued in over 40 jurisdictions, including seven issued patents in the U.S. Our investigational agent has been used in several investigator-sponsored trials and we possess or have rights to use toxicology, pharmacokinetic and other preclinical and clinical data that supports our landmark ONWARD pivotal Phase 3 clinical trial. Our therapeutic agent was the product candidate used in a University of Virginia investigator sponsored Phase 2b clinical trial of 283 patients. In this Phase 2b clinical trial, ultra-low dose ondansetron, the active pharmaceutical agent in AD04, showed a statistically significant difference between ondansetron and placebo for both the primary endpoint and secondary endpoint, which were reduction in severity of drinking measured in drinks per drinking day (1.71 drinks/drinking day; p=0.0042), and reduction in frequency of drinking measured in days of abstinence/no drinking (11.56%; p=0.0352), respectively. Additionally, and importantly, the Phase 2b results showed a significant decrease in the percentage of heavy drinking days (11.08%; p=0.0445) with a “heavy drinking day” defined as a day with four (4) or more alcoholic drinks for women or five (5) or more alcoholic drinks for men consumed in the same day.

 

The active pharmaceutical agent in AD04, our lead investigational new drug product, is ondansetron, which is also the active ingredient in Zofran®, which was granted FDA approval in 1991 for nausea and vomiting post-operatively and after chemotherapy or radiation treatment and is now commercially available in generic form. In studies of Zofran®, conducted as part of its FDA review process, ondansetron was given acutely at dosages up to almost 100 times the dosage expected to be formulated in AD04 with the highest doses of Zofran® given intravenously (“i.v.”), which results in approximately 160% of the exposure level as oral dosing. Even at high doses given i.v. the studies found that ondansetron is well-tolerated and results in few adverse side effects at the currently marketed doses, which reach more than 80 times the AD04 dose and are given i.v. The formulation dosage of ondansetron used in our drug candidate (and expected to be used by us in our Phase 3 clinical trials) has the potential advantage that it contains a much lower concentration of ondansetron than the generic formulation/dosage that has been used in prior clinical trials, is dosed orally, and is available with use of a companion diagnostic genetic biomarker. Our development plan for AD04 is designed to demonstrate both the efficacy of AD04 in the genetically targeted population and the safety of ondansetron when administered chronically at the AD04 dosage. However, to the best of our knowledge, no comprehensive clinical study has been performed to date that has evaluated the safety profile of ondansetron at any dosage for long-term use as anticipated in our ongoing and planned clinical trials.

 

 

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According to the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (the “NIAAA”) and the Journal of the American Medical Association (“JAMA”), in the United States alone, approximately 35 million people each year have AUD (such number is based upon the 2012 data provided in Grant et. al. the JAMA 2015 publication and has been adjusted to reflect a compound annual growth rate of 1.13%, which is the growth rate reported by U.S. Census Bureau for the general adult population from 2012-2017), resulting in significant health, social and financial costs with excessive alcohol use being the third leading cause of preventable death and is responsible for 31% of driving fatalities in the United States (NIAAA Alcohol Facts & Statistics). AUD contributes to over 200 different diseases and 10% of children live with a person that has an alcohol problem. According to the American Society of Clinical Oncologists, 5-6% of new cancers and cancer deaths globally are directly attributable to alcohol. And, The Lancet published that alcohol is the leading cause of death in people ages 15-49 globally. The Centers for Disease Control (the “CDC”) has reported that AUD costs the U.S. economy about $250 billion annually, with heavy drinking accounting for greater than 75% of the social and health related costs. Despite this, according to the article in the JAMA 2015 publication, only 7.7% of patients (i.e., approximately 2.7 million people) with AUD are estimated to have been treated in any way and only 3.6% by a physician (i.e., approximately 1.3 million people). In addition, according to the JAMA 2017 publication, the problem in the United States appears to be growing with almost a 50% increase in AUD prevalence between 2002 and 2013.

 

AUD is characterized by an urge to consume alcohol and an inability to control the levels of consumption. Until the publication of the fifth revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders in 2013 (the “DSM-5”), AUD was broken into “alcohol dependence” and “alcohol abuse”. More broadly, overdrinking due to the inability to moderate drinking is called alcohol addiction and is often called “alcoholism”, sometimes pejoratively.

 

Since ondansetron is already manufactured for generic sale, the active ingredient for AD04 is readily available from several manufacturers, and we have contracted with a U.S. manufacturer to acquire ondansetron at a cost expected to be under $0.01 per dose. Clinical trial material (“CTM”) has already been manufactured for the ONWARD Phase 3 trial. The CTM has demonstrated good stability after four years with the stability studies to date.

 

We have also developed the manufacturing process at a third-party vendor to produce tablets at what we expect will serve for commercial scale production (i.e., greater than 1 million tablets per batch), also at a cost expected to be less than $0.01 per dose. A proprietary packaging process has been developed, which appears to extend the stability of the drug product. Packaging costs are expected to be less than $0.05 per dose. We do not have a written commitment for supply of either the tablets or the packaging and believe that alternative suppliers are available to whom we can transfer the processes that have been developed.

 

Methods for the companion diagnostic genetic test have been developed as a blood test, and we established the test with a third-party vendor capable of supporting the ONWARD Phase 3 clinical trial. Additionally, we have built validation and possible approval of the companion diagnostic into the Phase 3 program, including that we plan to store blood samples for all patients in the event additional genetic testing is required by regulatory authorities.

 

Recent Developments

 

Patents and Clinical Trials Developments

 

On January 11, 2021 we announced receipt of a Notice of Allowance for our third U.S. patent relating to the use of AD04 for the treatment of opioid use disorder (OUD). The patent covers the use of our lead product, AD04, as a treatment of Opioid Use Disorder in patients with a specific genetic biomarker in the serotonin transporter gene. On February 23, 2021, we announced that we will be filing an application for “Fast Track” with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for our lead drug candidate, AD04, which is a therapeutic agent for the treatment of Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) in persons with certain target genotypes. On February 25, 2021, we announced that we have reached 50% enrollment in our Phase 3 clinical trial and announced the following data points:

 

66% of planned patient screening visits completed

 

 830 patients screened out of 1,254 patients expected to be required to achieve full enrollment (more than 20 screened patients are currently pending enrollment)

 

32% of patients screened are genetically positive for treatment with AD04

 

 Percentage of genetically positive patients consistent with Phase 2b prevalence and expected U.S. and European prevalence

 

 

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75% of patients screened as genetically positive have been enrolled

 

 Patient enrollment exceeds projected rate of 50% for genetically positive patients

 

86% ONWARD™ patient retention rate to date

 

 Retention rate significantly greater than projected 70% retention rate

 

Acquisition of Purnovate

 

On January 26, 2021, we closed the acquisition (the “Acquisition”) contemplated by that certain Equity Purchase Agreement, dated December 7, 2020, as amended (the “Purchase Agreement”), by and among us, Purnovate, LLC (“Purnovate”), each of the equity holders of Purnovate (the “Members”) and Dr. Robert D. Thompson, as representative of the Members.

 

Prior to closing, we had advanced Purnovate $350,000 for use as working capital during the due diligence period. At closing, as consideration for the acquisition of Purnovate and pursuant to the terms of the Purchase Agreement, we paid the members $350,000 (the “Cash Consideration”) and issued to the members an aggregate of 699,980 shares of our restricted common stock (the “Stock Consideration”) with an approximate total fair value of $1,060,150, reflecting the market value of our shares less a discount for restrictions on sale. In addition, Members will be entitled to receive (i) development milestone payments in an aggregate amount of up to $2,100,000 for each compound developed, (ii) development milestone payments in an aggregate amount of up to $20,000,000 for each compound commercialized, and (iii) royalties of 3.0% of Net Sales (as such term is defined in the Purchase Agreement). The Stock Consideration has been placed into escrow to secure certain indemnification and other obligations of Purnovate and the Members in connection with the Acquisition.

 

The acquisition was effected by a merger (the “Merger”) of Purnovate into Purnovate, Inc., a Delaware corporation and our wholly owned subsidiary, which survived the Merger. In connection with the Merger, on January 20, 2021, Purnovate converted from a limited liability company to a corporation and on January 25, 2021, the parties entered into an Amendment to the Purchase Agreement to provide for the mechanism of closing the Acquisition through a Merger.

 

Purnovate is a drug development company with a platform focused on developing drug candidates for non-opioid pain reduction and other diseases and disorders potentially targeted with adenosine analogs that are selective, potent, stable, and soluble. Purines are a class of chemical structures that include adenosine, an important neurotransmitter. Purnovate uses innovative methods and technologies to enhance the drug properties of purines, which are a class of chemical structures that include adenosine, an important neurotransmitter. Adenosine receptors are hypothesized to be involved in the mediation of nociception (i.e., pain) and blocking the receptor is proposed as an anti-nociceptive. Additionally, selective adenosine analogs may be useful to treat pain while avoiding the tolerability problems (i.e., wakefulness, gastrointestinal) and safety issues (e.g., cardiac block and vasodilation) and therefore have the potential to provide a meaningful non-opioid treatment for pain without the side effects of earlier generations of adenosine compounds or certain other pain products. These adenosine analogs may also be useful in a number of other diseases and disorders such as cocaine addiction, infectious disease, inflammation, cancer, asthma, and diabetes. Purnovate’s portfolio of pre-clinical technologies are also believed to offer opportunities to improve the characteristics of other classes of molecules outside of the adenosine chemistry space and maybe even outside the purine chemistry space. All drug candidates developed using Purnovate’s platform technologies are expected to be patently distinct new chemical entities (i.e., patentable compositions of matter). Purnovate operates a chemistry and analytics laboratory in its 4,175 square feet leased laboratory and office space. Purnovate has been synthesizing new adenosine analog chemical entities with promising potency, selectivity, stability, and solubility characteristics.

 

Dr. Thompson, Purnovate’s Chief Executive Officer who continued his employment with Purnovate and joined our company as our Vice President of Chemistry after the Acquisition, is a distinguished adenosine chemist that has been working in the field for over 35 years. He is an inventor on over 20 adenosine analog patents covering tens of thousands of novel molecules and has authored dozens of scientific publications.

 

Purnovate, was formed in 2019 by Dr. Thompson, William Stilley, Chief Executive Officer of Adial and a Member, Mikel Poulsen, a Member and consultant to Purnovate, and Cameron Black, a Member.

 

The Stock Consideration has been placed into escrow to secure certain indemnification and other obligations of Purnovate and the equity holders in connection with the Acquisition. The Stock Consideration, if not used to satisfy indemnification obligations, and the Cash Consideration will be distributed to the Members on a pro rata basis based on each such Member’s equity interest in Purnovate as compared to the aggregate Purnovate equity interests held by all Members.

 

 

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In addition to the payments described above, under the terms of the Equity Purchase Agreement, we agreed to make cash payments to Dr. Thompson, as representative of the Members for the benefit of the Members in an amount equal to (i) 3.0% of Net Sales (as such term is defined in the Purchase Agreement) and (ii) upon the achievement of the following development and commercialization milestones:

 

Milestone Event Milestone Payment 
First human dosing $300,000 
First dose in a Phase 2 Trial $300,000 
First dose in a Phase 3 Trial $400,000 
First acceptance of U.S. NDA submission $500,000 
First acceptance of NDA equivalent submission in Europe $300,000 
First acceptance of NDA equivalent submission in Asia $300,000 
First Commercial Sale in the U.S. $10,000,000 
First Commercial Sale in Europe $5,000,000 
First Commercial Sale in Asia $5,000,000 
Total potential $22,100,000 

 

The Equity Purchase Agreement contains customary representations, warranties and covenants of us, Purnovate and the Members. Subject to certain customary limitations, the Members have agreed to indemnify us and our officers and directors against certain losses related to, among other things, breaches of Purnovate’s and the Members’ representations and warranties, certain specified liabilities and the failure to perform covenants or obligations under the Purchase Agreement.

 

In connection with the Acquisition, Dr. Thompson entered into an employment agreement with us and a lock-up agreement with respect to fifty percent (50%) of the Stock Consideration received by him until the earlier of the two (2) year anniversary of the closing or on the termination date of his employment if termination is by us without cause. William Stilley entered into a lock-up agreement with respect to one hundred percent (100%) of the Stock Consideration received by him, until the earlier of the two (2) year anniversary of the closing or on the termination date of his employment if termination is by us without cause.

 

Also in connection with the Acquisition, we obtained title to a library of chemical compounds and lab equipment usable in Purnovate’s research and development projects. These supplies have been booked at a value of approximately $1.5 million, this being a portion of the consideration paid for Purnovate allocated using a relative fair value approach. We expect to realize significant savings over utilizing the same supplies as compared to obtaining them on the open market. Moreover, we expect to realize significant time savings through utilization of these existing supplies for Purnovate R&D projects as compared to using supplies that must be synthesized by a vendor or in-house.

  

William B. Stilley, our President and Chief Executive Officer and a member of our board of directors, and James W. Newman, a member of our board of directors, were members of Purnovate. In connection with the Acquisition Mr. Stilley sold approximately a 28.7% interest in Purnovate for 201,109 shares of our common stock and Mr. Newman, through two entities he controls, together sold an aggregate 0.53% interest in Purnovate for 3,731 shares of our common stock, which shares have been placed in escrow. Messrs. Stilley and Newman, through two entities he controls, also received their respective pro rata share of the cash consideration paid by us to the Members.

 

Financial Developments

 

On March 11, 2021, we entered into Securities Purchase Agreements (the “Securities Purchase Agreements”) with each of Bespoke Growth Partners, Inc. (“Bespoke”), a company controlled by Mark Peikin, the Company’s non-executive Chief Strategy Officer (who is neither an executive officer not director of our company), three entities controlled by James W. Newman, Jr., a member of the Company’s Board of Directors (“Newman”), and Keystone Capital Partners, LLC (“Keystone”) (collectively, the “Investors,” and each an “Investor”), pursuant to which: (i) Bespoke has agreed to purchase an aggregate of 336,667 shares of our common stock at a purchase price of $3.00 per share for aggregate gross proceeds of $1,010,001; (ii) Newman has agreed to and has purchases an aggregate of 30,000 shares of our common stock at a purchase price of $3.00 per share for aggregate gross proceeds of $90,000; and (iii) Keystone has agreed to purchase an aggregate of 333,334 shares of our common stock at a purchase price of $3.00 per share for aggregate gross proceeds of $1,000,002.

 

In connection with the Securities Purchase Agreements, we entered into Registration Rights Agreements (“Registration Rights Agreements”), dated March 11, 2021, with each of the Investors pursuant to which we were obligated to file a registration statement (the “Registration Statement”) with the SEC within thirty (30) days following the date upon which the Company filed its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020, and use all commercially reasonable efforts to have the Registration Statement declared effective by the SEC within thirty (30) days after the Registration Statement is filed (or, in the event of a “full review” by the SEC, within sixty (60) days after the Registration Statement is filed). A registration statement on Form S-3 was filed on April 19, 2021, and declared effective on May 26, 2021.

 

 

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Under the terms of the Securities Purchase Agreements: (i) Bespoke purchased 33,667 shares of our common stock and agreed to purchase an additional 303,000 shares of our common stock upon the effectiveness of the Registration Statement (which effectiveness occurred on May 26, 2021); (ii) Newman purchased 30,000 shares of our common stock; and (iii) Keystone purchased 33,334 shares of our common stock and agreed to purchase an additional 300,000 shares of our common stock upon the effectiveness of the Registration Statement (which effectiveness occurred on May 26, 2021). On June 1, 2021, we issued the remaining 303,000 shares and 300,000 shares of our common stock to Bespoke and Keystone, respectively, and received aggregate gross proceeds of $1,809,000.

  

The Securities Purchase Agreements and the Registration Rights Agreements contain customary representations, warranties, conditions and indemnification obligations of the parties, which were made only for purposes of such Securities Purchase Agreements and Registration Rights Agreements as of specific dates and solely for the benefit of the parties. The Securities Purchase Agreements and Registration Rights Agreements may be subject to limitations agreed upon by the contracting parties.

 

Emerging Growth Company  

 

We are an emerging growth company under the JOBS ACT, which was enacted in April 2012. We shall continue to be deemed an emerging growth company until the earliest of:  

 

 (i)the last day of the fiscal year in which we have total annual gross revenues of $1.07 billion or more;

 

 (ii)

the last day of the fiscal year of the issuer following the fifth anniversary of the date of the first sale of common equity securities of the issuer pursuant to an effective registration statement;

 

 (iii)the date on which we have issued more than $1.0 billion in non-convertible debt, during the previous 3-year period, issued; or

 

 (iv)the date on which we are deemed to be a large accelerated filer.

 

As an emerging growth company, we are subject to reduced public company reporting requirements and are exempt from Section 404(b) of Sarbanes Oxley. Section 404(a) requires issuers to publish information in their annual reports concerning the scope and adequacy of the internal control structure and procedures for financial reporting. Section 404(b) requires that the registered accounting firm shall, in the same report, attest to and report on the assessment on the effectiveness of the internal control structure and procedures for financial reporting.  

 

As an emerging growth company, we are also exempt from Section 14A (a) and (b) of the Exchange Act, which requires the shareholder approval, on an advisory basis, of executive compensation and golden parachutes.  

 

We have elected to use the extended transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards under Section 102(b)(2) of the Jobs Act, that allows us to delay the adoption of new or revised accounting standards that have different effective dates for public and private companies until those standards apply to private companies. As a result of this election, our financial statements may not be comparable to companies that comply with public company effective dates.  

 

Corporate Information

 

ADial Pharmaceuticals, L.L.C. was formed as a Virginia limited liability company in November 2010. ADial Pharmaceuticals, L.L.C. converted from a Virginia limited liability company into a Virginia corporation on October 3, 2017, and then reincorporated in Delaware on October 11, 2017 by merging the Virginia corporation with and into Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a Delaware corporation that was incorporated on October 5, 2017 as a wholly owned subsidiary of the Virginia corporation. We refer to this as the corporate conversion/reincorporation. In connection with the corporate conversion/reincorporation, each unit of ADial Pharmaceuticals, L.L.C. was converted into shares of common stock of the Virginia corporation and then into shares of common stock of Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc., the members of ADial Pharmaceuticals, L.L.C. became stockholders of Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc. succeeded to the business of ADial Pharmaceuticals, L.L.C. The Company has one wholly owned subsidiary, Purnovate, Inc.

 

Our principal executive offices are located at 1180 Seminole Trail, Suite 495, Charlottesville Virginia 22901, and our telephone number is (434) 422-9800. Our website address is www.adialpharma.com. Information contained in our website does not form part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and is intended for informational purposes only.

 

 

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Additional Information  

 

For additional information related to our business and operations, please refer to the reports incorporated herein by reference, including our 2020 Form 10-K, our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021 as filed with the SEC on May 17, 2021 and our Current Reports on Form 8-K as filed with the SEC, as described in the section entitled “Incorporation of Certain Information By Reference” in this prospectus.  

 

This prospectus and the information incorporated by reference into this prospectus contain references to our trademarks and to trademarks belonging to other entities. Solely for convenience, trademarks and trade names referred to in this prospectus and the information incorporated by reference into this prospectus, including logos, artwork, and other visual displays, may appear without the ® or TM symbols, but such references are not intended to indicate, in any way, that we will not assert, to the fullest extent under applicable law, our rights or the rights of the applicable licensor to these trademarks and trade names. We do not intend our use or display of other companies’ trade names or trademarks to imply a relationship with, or endorsement or sponsorship of us by, any other company.

 

Summary Risk Factors

 

Our business faces significant risks and uncertainties of which investors should be aware before making a decision to invest in our common stock. If any of the following risks are realized, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected. The following is a summary of the more significant risks relating to the Company. A more detailed description of our risk factors set forth under the caption “Risk Factors” in this prospectus.

 

Risks Relating to our Company

 

 We have a limited operating history with which to compare, have incurred significant losses since our inception, and expect to incur substantial and increasing losses for the foreseeable future.
   
 We currently have no product revenues and may not generate revenue at any time in the near future, if at all.
   
 We and our independent registered accounting firm has expressed substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.
   
 We will need to secure additional financing, which may not be available to us on favorable terms, if at all.
   
 We have identified weaknesses in our internal controls, and it cannot be assured that these weaknesses will be effectively remediated or that additional material weaknesses will not occur in the future.
   
 We rely on a license to use various technologies that are material to our business and there is no guarantee that such license agreements won’t be terminated, or that other rights necessary to commercialize our products will be available to us on acceptable terms or at all.
   
 Our business is dependent upon the success of our lead product candidate, AD04, which requires significant additional clinical testing before we can seek regulatory approval and potentially launch commercial sales.
   
 The active ingredient of our product candidate, ondansetron, is currently available in generic form and has been shown to have adverse effects on patients.
   
 Coronavirus or other global health crises could adversely impact our business, including our clinical trials.
   
 While there exists a large body of evidence supporting the safety of our primary API, ondansetron, under short-term use, there are currently no long-term use clinical safety data available.
   
 All of our current data for our lead product candidate are the result of Phase 2 clinical trials conducted by third parties and do not necessarily provide sufficient evidence that our products are viable as potential pharmaceutical products.
   
 The FDA and/or EMA may not accept our planned Phase 3 endpoints for final approval of AD04 and may determine additional clinical trials are required for approval of AD04.
   
 Our lead investigational product, AD04, is dependent on a successful development, approval, and commercialization of a genetic test, which is expected to be classified as a companion diagnostic, which may not attain regulatory approval.

 

 

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 We have limited experience as a company conducting clinical trials, any may experience delays in our clinical trials and may fail to demonstrate adequately the safety and efficacy of AD04 or any future product candidates.
   
 Our product candidate and the product candidates of Purnovate are in the early stages of development and there is uncertainty as to market acceptance of our technology and product candidates.

 

Risks Relating to our Acquisition of Purnovate

 

 The combined company may not experience the anticipated strategic benefits of the Acquisition and we may be unable to successfully integrate the Purnovate businesses.
   
 Purnovate has a limited operating history upon which to evaluate its ability to commercialize its products.

 

Risks Relating to our Business and Industry

 

 We must obtain and maintain regulatory approvals in every jurisdiction in which we intend to sell our product candidate and the regulatory approval in one jurisdiction does not guarantee the approval in another jurisdiction.
   
 

AD04 and any future product candidates may cause undesirable side effects or have other properties that could halt their clinical development, prevent their regulatory approval, limit their commercial potential or result in significant negative consequences such as incurring product liability lawsuits

   
 We will continue to be subject to ongoing and extensive regulatory requirements even after regulatory approval, and compliance with such regulatory requirements cannot be assured.
   
 Our employees, independent contractors, consultants, commercial partners and vendors may engage in misconduct or other improper activities, including noncompliance with regulatory standards and requirements.
   
 We have no experience selling, marketing or distributing products and have no internal capability to do so.
   
 We may not be successful in establishing and maintaining strategic partnerships.
   
 We have limited protection for our intellectual property. Our licensed patents and proprietary rights may not prevent us from infringing on the rights of others or prohibit potential competitors from commercializing products.
   
 We may be involved in lawsuits to protect or enforce the patents of our licensors, which could be expensive, time-consuming and unsuccessful.
   
 We rely on key executive officers and scientific, regulatory and medical advisors, and their knowledge of our business and technical expertise would be difficult to replace.
   
 Certain of our officers may have a conflict of interest.

 

Risks Related to our Securities and Investing in our Securities

 

 Certain of our shareholders have sufficient voting power to make corporate governance decisions that could have a significant influence on us and the other stockholders.
   
 We have never paid dividends and have no plans to pay dividends in the foreseeable future.
   
 Our failure to meet the continued listing requirements of The Nasdaq Capital Market could result in a de-listing of our common stock.
   
 Our stock price has fluctuated in the past, has recently been volatile and may be volatile in the future, and as a result, investors in our common stock could incur substantial losses.
   
 Our need for future financing may result in the issuance of additional securities which will cause investors to experience dilution.
   
 Provisions in our corporate charter documents and under Delaware law could make an acquisition of our company, which may be beneficial to our stockholders, more difficult and may prevent attempts by our stockholders to replace or remove our current management.
   
 Our Certificate of Incorporation and our bylaws provide that the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware will be the exclusive forum for certain types of state actions that may be initiated by our stockholders, which could limit our stockholders’ ability to obtain a favorable judicial forum for disputes with us or our directors, officers, or employees.
   
 If securities or industry analysts do not publish research or publish inaccurate or unfavorable research about our business, our stock price and trading volume could decline.

 

 

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THE OFFERING

 

Common Stock offered by us [●] shares, based on the sale of our common stock at an assumed public offering price of $[●] per share of common stock, which is the last reported sale price of our common stock on June [●], 2021 (or [●] shares assuming exercise in full of the underwriter’s over-allotment option).
   
Over-allotment Option We have granted a 30-day option to the representative of the underwriters to purchase up to [●] additional shares of common stock (based on an assumed public offering price of $[●] per share, which was the last reported sale price of our common stock on The Nasdaq Capital Market on June [●], 2021) from us solely to cover over-allotments, if any, at the public offering price, less underwriting discounts and commissions.
   

Common Stock to be Outstanding after this Offering

 

[●] shares (based on an assumed public offering price of $[●] per share, which was the last reported sale price of our common stock on The Nasdaq Capital Market on June [●], 2021).  If the underwriters’ over-allotment option is exercised in full, the total number of shares of common stock outstanding immediately after this offering would be [●] (based on an assumed public offering price of $[●]  per share, which was the last reported sale price of our common stock on The Nasdaq Capital Market on June [●], 2021). [●] shares assuming exercise in full of the underwriter’s over-allotment option.

   
Use of Proceeds 

We estimate that the net proceeds from this offering will be approximately $18.3 million ($21.1 million if the underwriter fully exercises its overallotment option), after deducting estimated underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us.

 

We currently intend to use the net proceeds from this offering for working capital purposes, acquisitions and other strategic purposes. See “Use of Proceeds” for additional information.

   
Risk Factors 

An investment in our common stock involves a high degree of risk. See “Risk Factors” and the other information included and incorporated by reference in this prospectus for a discussion of factors you should carefully consider before deciding to invest in our common stock.

   
National Securities Exchange Listing Our common stock is listed on The Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “ADIL.”

 

Except as otherwise indicated herein, the number of shares of our common stock to be outstanding after this offering is based on 18,106,522 shares of common stock outstanding as of June 1, 2021 and excludes:

  

 

7,957,225 shares of common stock issuable as of the date hereof upon the exercise of common stock warrants outstanding

at a weighted average exercise price of $4.83 per share;

 

 

3,576,866 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of stock options outstanding at a weighted-average exercise

price of $2.61 per share; and

 

 903,382 shares of common stock available for future issuance under the 2017 Equity Incentive Plan.

 

Unless otherwise indicated, this prospectus reflects and assumes no issuances or exercises of any other outstanding shares, options or warrants after June 1, 2021.

 

 

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RISK FACTORS

 

Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. Prior to making a decision about investing in our securities, you should carefully consider the specific risk factors discussed in the sections entitled “Risk Factors” contained in on the 2020 Form 10-K under the heading “Item 1A. Risk Factors,” and as described or may be described in any subsequent quarterly report on Form 10-Q under the heading “Item 1A. Risk Factors,” as well as in any applicable prospectus supplement and contained or to be contained in our filings with the SEC and incorporated by reference in this prospectus, together with all of the other information contained in this prospectus, or any applicable prospectus supplement. For a description of these reports and documents, and information about where you can find them, see “Where You Can Find Additional Information” and “Incorporation of Certain Information by Reference.” If any of the risks or uncertainties described in our SEC filings or any prospectus supplement or any additional risks and uncertainties actually occur, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected. In that case, the trading price of our securities could decline and you might lose all or part of the value of your investment.

 

Risks Related to this Offering

 

If you purchase shares of common stock in this offering, you will experience immediate and substantial dilution in your investment. You will experience further dilution if we issue additional equity or equity-linked securities in the future.

 

Because the price per share of our common stock being offered is substantially higher than the net tangible book value per share of our common stock, you will suffer immediate and substantial dilution with respect to the net tangible book value of the common stock you purchase in this offering. Based on an assumed public offering price of $[●] per share of common stock, and our net tangible book value as of March 31, 2021, if you purchase shares of common stock in this offering, you will suffer immediate and substantial dilution of $[●] per share with respect to the net tangible book value of the common stock. See the section entitled “Dilution” for a more detailed discussion of the dilution you will incur if you purchase common stock in this offering.

 

If we issue additional shares of common stock, or securities convertible into or exchangeable or exercisable for shares of common stock, our stockholders, including investors who purchase shares of common stock in this offering, will experience additional dilution, and any such issuances may result in downward pressure on the price of our common stock. We also cannot assure you that we will be able to sell shares or other securities in any other offering at a price per share that is equal to or greater than the price per share paid by investors in this offering, and investors purchasing shares or other securities in the future could have rights superior to existing stockholders.

 

Future sales of substantial amounts of our common stock or securities convertible into or exchangeable or exercisable for shares of common stock, either by us or by our existing stockholders, or the possibility that such sales could occur, could adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

 

Future sales in the public market of shares of our common stock or securities convertible into or exchangeable or exercisable for shares of common stock, including shares referred to in the foregoing risk factor, shares held by our existing stockholders or shares issued upon exercise of our outstanding stock options or warrants, or the perception by the market that these sales could occur, could lower the market price of our common stock or make it difficult for us to raise additional capital.

 

Low trading volume of our common stock may adversely affect the price of our shares.

 

Our common stock has experienced limited trading volume. There can be no assurance the volume of trading in our common stock will increase after this offering or that a liquid market for our common stock will develop or be sustained. Limited trading volume subjects our common stock to greater price volatility and may make it difficult for you to sell your shares at a price that is attractive to you.

 

We will have broad discretion in the use of our existing cash and cash equivalents, including the proceeds from this offering, and may invest or spend our cash in ways with which you do not agree and in ways that may not increase the value of your investment.

 

We will have broad discretion over the use of our cash and cash equivalents, including the proceeds from this offering. You may not agree with our decisions, and our use of cash may not yield any return on your investment. We intend to use the net proceeds from this offering for working capital purposes, acquisitions and other strategic purposes. Our failure to apply the net proceeds from this offering effectively could compromise our ability to pursue our growth strategy and we might not be able to yield a significant return, if any, on our investment of these net proceeds. You will not have the opportunity to influence our decisions on how to use our net proceeds from this offering.

 

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USE OF PROCEEDS

 

We estimate that we will receive net proceeds of approximately $18.3 million from the sale of the securities offered by us in this offering ($21.1 million if the underwriter fully exercises its overallotment option), based on an assumed public offering price of $[●] per share, which was the last reported sales price of our common stock on The Nasdaq Capital Market on June [●], 2021, after deducting the estimated underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us.

 

A $0.50 increase or decrease in the assumed public offering price of $[●] per share would increase or decrease the net proceeds to us from this offering by approximately $[●] million, assuming that the number of shares offered by us, as set forth on the cover page of this prospectus, remains the same and after deducting the estimated underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us.

 

Similarly, a 500,000 share increase or decrease in the number of shares offered by us, as set forth on the cover page of this prospectus, would increase or decrease the net proceeds to us by approximately $[●] million, based on the assumed public offering price of $[●] per share and after deducting estimated underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us.

 

We currently anticipate that we will use the net proceeds for working capital purposes, acquisitions and other strategic purposes, but we have not designated any specific uses. We may use a portion of the net proceeds to fund possible investments in, or acquisitions of, complementary businesses, services or technologies. We have no current agreements or commitments with respect to any investment or acquisition. See “Risk Factors” for a discussion of certain risks that may affect our intended use of the net proceeds from this offering.

 

Our expected use of net proceeds from this offering represents our current intentions based upon our present plans and business condition. As of the date of this prospectus, we cannot currently allocate specific percentages of the net proceeds that we may use for the purposes specified above, and we cannot predict with certainty all of the particular uses for the net proceeds to be received upon the completion of this offering, or the amounts that we will actually spend on the uses set forth above. The amounts and timing of our actual use of the net proceeds will vary depending on numerous factors, including our ability to obtain additional financing, the progress, cost and results of our preclinical and clinical development programs, and whether we are able to enter into future licensing or collaboration arrangements.

 

Pending the use of the net proceeds from this offering, we intend to invest the net proceeds in investment-grade, interest-bearing instruments, certificates of deposit or direct or guaranteed obligations of the U.S.

 

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CAPITALIZATION

 

The following table sets forth our capitalization as of March 31, 2021:

 

on an actual basis;

  

on a pro forma basis to give effect to the sale of 233,645 shares of common stock at a price of $2.14 per share for total proceeds of $500,000 on April 12, 2021 and the sale of 603,000 shares of common stock at a price of $3.00 per share for total proceeds of $1,809,000 on June 1, 2021.

 

on an as adjusted basis to give effect to the foregoing pro forma adjustments and the sale of  shares of common stock in this offering at the public offering price of $[●] per share (which was the last reported sale price of our common stock on The Nasdaq Capital Market on June , 2021) after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and other estimated offering expenses payable by us.

 

This capitalization table should be read in conjunction with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and our historical financial statements and notes to those financial statements that are incorporated by reference in this prospectus.

 

  As of March 31, 2021 
  Actual  Pro Forma  Pro Forma
As Adjusted
 
Cash and cash Equivalents $5,637,907   7,946,907     
             
Contingent Liability  726,012   726,012   726,012 
Note Payable  29,088   29,088   29,088 
Total Debt  755,100   755,100   755,100 
             
Common stock, $0.001 par value; 50,000,000 shares authorized, 17,269,877 shares issued and outstanding, actual; 18,106,522 shares issued and outstanding, pro forma; [●] shares issued and outstanding, pro form as adjusted; Preferred Stock, $0.001 par value, 5,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding  17,270   18,107     
Additional paid-in capital  41,953,925   44,262,088     
Accumulated deficit  (36,353,553)  (36,353,553)  (36,353,553)
Total Shareholders’ Equity  5,617,642   7,926,642     
Total Capitalization $6,372,742   8,681,742     

 

Each increase (decrease) of 500,000 shares of common stock to be purchased at $[●] per share (which was the last reported sale price of our common stock on The Nasdaq Capital Market on June , 2021) would increase or (decrease) additional paid-in capital, total stockholders’ equity (deficit) and total capitalization by approximately $[●], assuming the offering price remains at $[●] and after deducting estimated underwriters’ discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us.

 

A $0.50 increase (decrease) in the assumed public offering price of $[●] per share of common stock (which was the last reported sale price of our common stock on The Nasdaq Capital Market on June [●], 2021) would result in an incremental increase (decrease) in each of our additional paid-in capital, total stockholders’ equity (deficit) and total capitalization on a pro forma as adjusted basis by approximately $[●] million, assuming that the number of shares of our common stock sold by us as set forth on the cover page of this prospect remains the same and after deducting the underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us.

 

Unless we indicate otherwise, all information in this Capitalization section takes into account the pro forma adjustments and:

 

7,957,225 shares of common stock issuable as of the date hereof upon the exercise of common stock warrants outstanding at a weighted average exercise price of $4.83 per share;

 

3,576,866 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of stock options outstanding at a weighted-average exercise price of $2.61 per share; and

 

903,382 shares of common stock available for future issuance under the 2017 Equity Incentive Plan.

 

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DILUTION

 

If you invest in our securities, your ownership interest will be diluted to the extent of the difference between the public offering price per share of our common stock and the as adjusted net tangible book value per share of our common stock immediately after the closing of this offering.

 

Our historical net tangible book value as of March 31, 2021 was $4.2 million, or $0.24 per share of common stock. Our historical net tangible book value is the amount of our total tangible assets less our liabilities. Historical net tangible book value per common share is our historical net tangible book value divided by the number of shares of common stock outstanding as of March 31, 2021.

 

Our pro forma net tangible book value as of March 31, 2021 was $6.5 million, or $0.36 per share of common stock. Our pro forma net tangible book value is the amount of our total tangible assets less our liabilities after giving effect to the sale of 233,645 shares of common stock at a price of $2.14 per share for total proceeds of $500,000 on April 12, 2021 and the sale of 603,000 shares of common stock at a price of $3.00 per share for total proceeds of $1,809,000 on June 1, 2021. Pro forma net tangible book value per common share is our historical net tangible book value divided by the number of shares of common stock outstanding as of March 31, 2021 after giving effect to the sales of shares referenced above.

 

After giving effect to the sale of shares of common stock in this offering at an assumed public offering price of $[●] per share, which was the last reported sale price of our common stock on The Nasdaq Capital Market on June , 2021, and after deducting estimated underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us, our as adjusted net tangible book value as of March 31, 2021 would be $24.8 million, or $[●] per share of common stock. This amount represents an immediate increase in as adjusted net tangible book value of $[●] per share to our existing stockholders and an immediate dilution of $[●] per share to investors participating in this offering. We determine dilution per share to investors participating in this offering by subtracting as adjusted net tangible book value per share after this offering from the assumed public offering price per share paid by investors participating in this offering.

 

The following table illustrates this dilution on a per share basis to new investors:

 

Assumed public offering price per share     $                 
Pro forma net tangible book value per share as of March 31, 2021 $0.36     
Increase in as adjusted net tangible book value per share attributable to this offering        
As adjusted net tangible book value per share after giving effect to this offering        
Dilution per share to new investors in this offering     $  

 

Each $0.50 increase or decrease in the assumed public offering price of $[●] per share, which was the last reported sale price of our common stock on The Nasdaq Capital Market on June , 2021, would increase or decrease the as-adjusted net tangible book value per share by $[●] per share and the dilution per share to investors participating in this offering by $[●] per share, assuming that the number of shares offered by us, as set forth on the cover page of this prospectus, remains the same and after deducting estimated underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us.

 

We may also increase or decrease the number of shares we are offering. A 500,000 share increase in the number of shares offered by us, assuming that the assumed public offering price of the common stock remains the same as set forth on the cover page of this prospectus, would incrementally increase the as adjusted net tangible book value per share by approximately $[●] and decrease the dilution per share to new investors participating in this offering by approximately $[●], based on an assumed public offering price of $[●] per share, which was the last reported sale price of our common stock on The Nasdaq Capital Market on June , 2021, remaining the same and after deducting estimated underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us. A 500,000 million share decrease in the number of shares offered by us, assuming that the assumed public offering price of the common stock remains the same as set forth on the cover page of this prospectus, would incrementally decrease the as adjusted net tangible book value per share after this offering by approximately $[●] and increase the dilution per share to new investors participating in this offering by approximately $[●], based on an assumed public offering price of $[●] per share, which was the last reported sale price of our common stock on The Nasdaq Capital Market on June , 2021, remaining the same and after deducting estimated underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us.

 

The information discussed above is illustrative only and will adjust based on the actual public offering price, the actual number of shares of common stock that we offer in this offering, and other terms of this offering determined at pricing.

 

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DIVIDEND POLICY

 

We have never declared or paid any cash dividends on our common stock and we do not currently intend to pay any cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. We expect to retain all available funds and future earnings, if any, to fund the development and growth of our business rather than to pay cash dividends on our common stock. Any future determination to pay dividends, if any, on our common stock will be at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend on, among other factors, our results of operations, financial condition, capital requirements and contractual restrictions.

 

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DESCRIPTION OF OUR SECURITIES

 

General

 

The following description of our capital stock and the provisions of our certificate of incorporation and our bylaws are summaries and are qualified by reference to the certificate of incorporation and the bylaws. We have filed copies of these documents with the SEC as exhibits to our registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part.

 

General

 

Our authorized capital stock consists of 50,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, and 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share.

 

Common Stock

 

Common stock outstanding. As of June 1, 2021, there were 18,106,522 shares of our common stock outstanding.

 

Voting rights. The holders of common stock are entitled to one vote per share on all matters to be voted upon by the stockholders, except on matters relating solely to terms of preferred stock.

 

Dividend rights. Subject to preferences that may be applicable to any outstanding preferred stock, the holders of common stock are entitled to receive ratably such dividends, if any, as may be declared from time to time by the board of directors out of funds legally available therefor. See “Dividend Policy.”

 

Rights upon liquidation. In the event of our liquidation, dissolution or winding up, the holders of common stock are entitled to share ratably in all assets remaining after payment of liabilities, subject to prior distribution rights of preferred stock, if any, then outstanding.

 

Other rights. The holders of our common stock have no preemptive or conversion rights or other subscription rights. There are no redemption or sinking fund provisions applicable to our common stock.

 

Preferred Stock

 

Our board of directors has the authority to issue preferred stock in one or more classes or series and to fix the designations, powers, preferences and rights, and the qualifications, limitations or restrictions thereof, including dividend rights, conversion right, voting rights, terms of redemption, liquidation preferences and the number of shares constituting any class or series, without further vote or action by the stockholders. Although we have no present plans to issue any other shares of preferred stock, the issuance of shares of preferred stock, or the issuance of rights to purchase such shares, could decrease the amount of earnings and assets available for distribution to the holders of common stock, could adversely affect the rights and powers, including voting rights, of the common stock, and could have the effect of delaying, deterring or preventing a change of control of us or an unsolicited acquisition proposal. To date, no preferred stock has been issued.

 

Warrants

 

As of March 31, 2021, we have outstanding warrants to purchase 7,957,225 shares of common stock with exercise prices ranging from $0.0054 to $7.63 and expiration dates from July 31, 2023 to December 31, 2031.

 

On July 31, 2018, we consummated our IPO and issued an aggregate of 1,464,000 units, each unit consisting of one share of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, and one warrant to purchase one share of common stock, at a public offering price of $5.00 per unit, before underwriting discounts and expenses. We also issued 170,652 warrants not part of units pursuant the underwriter’s overallotment option. The warrants issued in the IPO are exercisable at any time after their original issuance and at any time up to the date that is five years after their original issuance. The representative of the underwriters in the IPO were issued warrants to purchase up to a total of 58,560 shares of common stock (4% of the shares of common stock sold in this offering, excluding the over-allotment). The warrants are exercisable at any time, and from time to time, in whole or in part, during the four-year period commencing one year from the effective date of the offering, which period shall not extend further than five years from the effective date of the offering in compliance with FINRA Rule 5110(f)(2)(G)(i). The warrants are exercisable at a per share price equal to $6.25 per share, or 125% of the public offering price per unit in the offering (based on the initial offering price of $5.00 per unit). As of the date of this prospectus, 1,620,112 shares of common stock remain issuable upon the exercise of the warrants issued in the IPO, including representative’s warrants.

 

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On February 25, 2019, we closed a firm commitment underwritten public offering pursuant to which we issued and sold 2,845,000 shares of our common stock together with a number of warrants to purchase 2,133,750 shares of our common stock. The combined public offering price was $3.25 per share of common stock and accompanying warrant. The warrants are exercisable upon issuance at a price of $4.0625 per share of common stock, subject to adjustment in certain circumstances, and will expire on February 26, 2024.

  

On June 11, 2020, we concluded a registered direct offering of 2,820,000 shares of common stock and in a concurrent private placement the sale of warrants to purchase 2,115,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.00 per share. The shares of common stock and accompanying warrants were sold directly to the buyers at a combined at-the-market price of $1.85 for a share and three quarters warrant. Gross proceeds of the offering totaled $5,217,000, which after offering expenses, resulted in net proceeds of $4,657,215.

 

On May 15, 2020, we issued to a consultant, in consideration for services, warrants for the purchase of 72,000 shares of common stock, with an exercise price of $1.30 per share.

 

On March 15, 2021, we issued to a consultant, in consideration for services, warrants for the purchase of 20,100 shares of common stock, with an exercise price of $1.99 per share.

 

Options

 

On October 9, 2017, we adopted the Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 2017 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2017 Equity Incentive Plan”); which became effective on July 31, 2018. The aggregate number of shares of our common stock that may be issued pursuant to stock awards under the 2017 Equity Incentive Plan, as amended, is 5,500,000. At March 31, 2021, we had issued 1,159,438 shares and had outstanding 3,437,180 options to purchase shares of our common stock under the 2017 Equity Incentive Plan, as well as 139,686 options to purchase shares of common stock that were issued before this plan was adopted.

 

Stockholder Registration Rights

 

We entered into a Registration Rights Agreement with Keystone Capital Partners, LLC (“Keystone”) on November 18, 2020, pursuant to which we agreed to file a registration statement registering the sale of our common stock pursuant to the common stock purchase agreement that we entered into with Keystone on November 18, 2020 with respect to our equity line with Keystone. A registration statement registering 2,842,198 shares of our common stock to be sold pursuant to the stock purchase agreement that we entered into with Keystone on November 18, 2020 was declared effective on December 15, 2020. On March 11, 2021, we entered into a registration rights agreement with certain investors that participated in our private placement transaction for which we agreed to register the sale of 700,001 shares of our common stock. A registration statement registering 700,001 shares of our common stock to be sold pursuant to the securities purchase agreements that we entered into with the investors was filed on April 19, 2021 and declared effective by the SEC on May 26, 2021.

 

Anti-Takeover Effects of Delaware Law

 

The provisions of Delaware law, our certificate of incorporation and our bylaws described below may have the effect of delaying, deferring or discouraging another party from acquiring control of us.

 

Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law

 

We are subject to Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law, which prohibits a Delaware corporation from engaging in any business combination with any interested stockholder for a period of three years after the date that such stockholder became an interested stockholder, with the following exceptions:

 

before such date, the board of directors of the corporation approved either the business combination or the transaction that resulted in the stockholder becoming an interested stockholder;

 

upon completion of the transaction that resulted in the stockholder becoming an interested stockholder, the interested stockholder owned at least 85% of the voting stock of the corporation outstanding at the time the transaction began, excluding for purposes of determining the voting stock outstanding (but not the outstanding voting stock owned by the interested stockholder) those shares owned (i) by persons who are directors and also officers and (ii) employee stock plans in which employee participants do not have the right to determine confidentially whether shares held subject to the plan will be tendered in a tender or exchange offer; or

 

on or after such date, the business combination is approved by the board of directors and authorized at an annual or special meeting of the stockholders, and not by written consent, by the affirmative vote of at least sixty-six and two-thirds percent (66 2/3%) of the outstanding voting stock that is not owned by the interested stockholder.

 

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In general, Section 203 defines business combination to include the following:

 

any merger or consolidation involving the corporation and the interested stockholder;

 

any sale, transfer, pledge or other disposition of 10% or more of the assets of the corporation involving the interested stockholder;

 

subject to certain exceptions, any transaction that results in the issuance or transfer by the corporation of any stock of the corporation to the interested stockholder;

  

any transaction involving the corporation that has the effect of increasing the proportionate share of the stock or any class or series of the corporation beneficially owned by the interested stockholder; or

 

the receipt by the interested stockholder of the benefit of any loss, advances, guarantees, pledges or other financial benefits by or through the corporation.

 

Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws

 

Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws provide that:

 

our board of directors is divided into three classes, one class of which is elected each year by our stockholders with the directors in each class to serve for a three-year term;

 

the authorized number of directors can be changed only by resolution of our board of directors;

 

directors may be removed only by the affirmative vote of the holders of at least 60% of our voting stock, whether for cause or without cause;

 

our bylaws may be amended or repealed by our board of directors or by the affirmative vote of sixty-six and two-thirds percent (66 2/3%) of our stockholders;

 

stockholders may not call special meetings of the stockholders or fill vacancies on the board of directors;

 

our board of directors will be authorized to issue, without stockholder approval, preferred stock, the rights of which will be determined at the discretion of the board of directors and that, if issued, could operate as a “poison pill” to dilute the stock ownership of a potential hostile acquirer to prevent an acquisition that our board of directors does not approve;

 

our stockholders do not have cumulative voting rights, and therefore our stockholders holding a majority of the shares of common stock outstanding will be able to elect all of our directors; and

 

our stockholders must comply with advance notice provisions to bring business before or nominate directors for election at a stockholder meeting.

 

Board Classification

 

Our board of directors is divided into three classes, one class of which is elected each year by our stockholders. The directors in each class will serve for a three-year term. For more information on the classified board. The classification of our board of directors and the limitations on the ability of our stockholders to remove directors could make it more difficult for a third-party to acquire, or discourage a third-party from seeking to acquire, control of us.

 

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Potential Effects of Authorized but Unissued Stock

 

We have shares of common stock and preferred stock available for future issuance without stockholder approval. We may utilize these additional shares for a variety of corporate purposes, including future public offerings to raise additional capital, to facilitate corporate acquisitions or payment as a dividend on the capital stock.

 

The existence of unissued and unreserved common stock and preferred stock may enable our board of directors to issue shares to persons friendly to current management or to issue preferred stock with terms that could render more difficult or discourage a third-party attempt to obtain control of us by means of a merger, tender offer, proxy contest or otherwise, thereby protecting the continuity of our management. In addition, the board of directors has the discretion to determine designations, rights, preferences, privileges and restrictions, including voting rights, dividend rights, conversion rights, redemption privileges and liquidation preferences of each series of preferred stock, all to the fullest extent permissible under the Delaware General Corporation Law and subject to any limitations set forth in our certificate of incorporation. The purpose of authorizing the board of directors to issue preferred stock and to determine the rights and preferences applicable to such preferred stock is to eliminate delays associated with a stockholder vote on specific issuances. The issuance of preferred stock, while providing desirable flexibility in connection with possible financings, acquisitions and other corporate purposes, could have the effect of making it more difficult for a third party to acquire, or could discourage a third party from acquiring, a majority of our outstanding voting stock.

  

Limitations of Director Liability and Indemnification of Directors, Officers and Employees

 

Our certificate of incorporation limits the liability of directors to the maximum extent permitted by Delaware law. Delaware law provides that directors of a corporation will not be personally liable for monetary damages for breach of their fiduciary duties as directors, except for liability for any:

 

breach of their duty of loyalty to us or our stockholders;

 

act or omission not in good faith or that involves intentional misconduct or a knowing violation of law;

 

unlawful payments of dividends or unlawful stock repurchases or redemptions as provided in Section 174 of the Delaware General Corporation Law; or

 

transaction from which the directors derived an improper personal benefit.

 

These limitations of liability do not apply to liabilities arising under the federal or state securities laws and do not affect the availability of equitable remedies such as injunctive relief or rescission.

 

Our bylaws provide that we will indemnify our directors and officers to the fullest extent permitted by law, and may indemnify employees and other agents. Our bylaws also provide that we are obligated to advance expenses incurred by a director or officer in advance of the final disposition of any action or proceeding.

 

We have obtained a policy of directors’ and officers’ liability insurance.

 

We have entered into separate indemnification agreements with our directors and officers. These agreements, among other things, require us to indemnify our directors and officers for any and all expenses (including reasonable attorneys’ fees, retainers, court costs, transcript costs, fees of experts, witness fees, travel expenses, duplicating costs, printing and binding costs, telephone charges, postage, delivery service fees) judgments, fines and amounts paid in settlement actually and reasonably incurred by such directors or officers or on his or her behalf in connection with any action or proceeding arising out of their services as one of our directors or officers, or any of our subsidiaries or any other company or enterprise to which the person provides services at our request provided that such person follows the procedures for determining entitlement to indemnification and advancement of expenses set forth in the indemnification agreement. We believe that these bylaw provisions and indemnification agreements are necessary to attract and retain qualified persons as directors and officers.

 

The limitation of liability and indemnification provisions in our certificate of incorporation and bylaws may discourage stockholders from bringing a lawsuit against directors for breach of their fiduciary duties. They may also reduce the likelihood of derivative litigation against directors and officers, even though an action, if successful, might provide a benefit to us and our stockholders. Our results of operations and financial condition may be harmed to the extent we pay the costs of settlement and damage awards against directors and officers pursuant to these indemnification provisions.

 

Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act may be permitted to directors, officers or persons controlling us, we have been informed that, in the opinion of the SEC, such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is therefore unenforceable.

 

At present, there is no pending litigation or proceeding involving any of our directors or officers as to which indemnification is required or permitted, and we are not aware of any threatened litigation or proceeding that may result in a claim for indemnification.

 

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Requirements for Advance Notification of Stockholder Nominations and Proposals

 

Our Bylaws establish advance notice procedures with respect to stockholder proposals and nomination of candidates for election as directors.

 

Limits on Special Meetings

 

Special meetings of the stockholders may be called at any time only by the board of directors, Chairman or our Chief Executive Officer, subject to the rights of the holders of any series of preferred stock.

 

Election and Removal of Directors

 

Directors are elected by a plurality of the votes of shares present in person or represented by proxy at a meeting and entitled to vote generally on the election of directors. Our stockholders may remove directors only with the vote of sixty percent (60%) of the stockholders, whether for cause or without cause. Our board of directors may appoint a director to fill a vacancy, including vacancies created by the expansion of the board of directors. This system of electing and removing directors may discourage a third party from making a tender offer or otherwise attempting to obtain control of us, because it generally makes it more difficult for stockholders to replace a majority of our directors. Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws do not provide for cumulative voting in the election of directors.

 

Amendments to Our Governing Documents

 

Generally, the amendment of our certificate of incorporation requires approval by our board of directors and a majority vote of stockholders. Any amendment to our bylaws requires the approval of either a majority of our board of directors or approval of at least sixty-six and two-thirds (66 2/3%) of the votes entitled to be cast by the holders of our outstanding capital stock in elections of our board of directors.

 

Exclusive Forum Selection

 

Our certificate of incorporation provides that to the fullest extent permitted by law, unless we consent in writing to the selection of an alternative forum, the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware shall be the sole and exclusive forum for (1) any derivative action or proceeding brought on behalf of our company, (2) any action asserting a claim of breach of a fiduciary duty owed by any of our directors, officers, employees or stockholders to our company or our stockholders, (3) any action asserting a claim against our company or any director, officer or employee of our company arising pursuant to any provision of the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware or our certificate of incorporation or bylaws, or (4) any action asserting a claim arising against our company or any director or officer or other employee of our company governed by the internal affairs doctrine. This exclusive forum provision would not apply to suits brought to enforce any liability or duty created by the Securities Act or the Exchange Act or any other claim for which the federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction. To the extent that any such claims may be based upon federal law claims, Section 27 of the Exchange Act creates exclusive federal jurisdiction over all suits brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Exchange Act or the rules and regulations thereunder. Furthermore, Section 22 of the Securities Act creates concurrent jurisdiction for federal and state courts over all suits brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Securities Act or the rules and regulations thereunder. Although our certificate contains the choice of forum provision described above, it is possible that a court could rule that such a provision is inapplicable for a particular claim or action or that such provision is unenforceable. Investors cannot waive compliance with the federal securities laws and the rules and regulations thereunder.

 

Listing

 

Our common stock is listed for trading on The NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “ADIL.” Our warrants issued in connection with our initial public offering in July 2018 are currently listed on The NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “ADILW.”

 

Transfer Agent and Registrar

 

The transfer agent and registrar for our common stock offered in this offering is VStock Transfer, LLC. Its address is 18 Lafayette Place, Woodmere, New York 11598. Its telephone number is (212) 828-8436.

 

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DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES WE ARE OFFERING

 

We are offering shares of our common stock.

 

Common Stock

 

The material terms and provisions of our common stock are described under the caption “Description of our Securities” in this prospectus.

 

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UNDERWRITING

 

We entered into an underwriting agreement with the underwriters named below on          , 2021. Oppenheimer & Co. Inc. is acting as the sole book-running manager and representative of the underwriters. The underwriting agreement provides for the purchase of a specific number of shares of common stock by the underwriters. Subject to the terms and conditions of the underwriting agreement, each underwriter has agreed to purchase the number of shares set forth opposite its name below:

 

  Number of Shares of Common Stock 
Oppenheimer & Co. Inc.   
                  
Total   

 

The underwriters have agreed to purchase all of the shares of common stock offered by this prospectus, if any are purchased.

 

The underwriters are offering the shares of common stock subject to various conditions and may reject all or part of any order in their sole discretion. The representative of the underwriters has advised us that it proposes initially to offer the shares of common stock to the public at the public offering price set forth on the cover page of this prospectus and to dealers at a price less a concession not in excess of $[●] per share, to brokers and dealers. After the shares of common stock are released for sale to the public, the representative may change the offering price, the concession, and other selling terms at various times.

 

We have granted a 30-day option to the representative of the underwriters to purchase up to [●] additional shares of our common stock at a public offering price of $[●] per share, solely to cover over-allotments, if any. The underwriters may exercise this option for 30 days from the date of this prospectus solely to cover sales of shares of common stock by the underwriters in excess of the total number of shares of common stock set forth in the table above. If any of these additional shares are purchased, the underwriters will offer the additional shares on the same terms as those on which the shares are being offered.

 

The following table provides information regarding the amount of the discounts and commissions to be paid to the underwriters by us, before expenses:

 

  Per Share  Total 
Public offering price $               $               
Underwriting discounts and commissions (1) $  $ 
Proceeds, before expenses, to us $  $ 

 

 

(1)We have agreed to pay the underwriters a commission of 6.0% of the gross proceeds of this offering.

 

We estimate that our total expenses of the offering, excluding the estimated underwriting discounts and commissions, will be approximately $546,000, which includes the fees and expenses for which we have agreed to reimburse the underwriters, provided that any such fees and expenses in excess of an aggregate of $100,000 will be subject to our prior written approval.

 

We have agreed to indemnify the underwriters against certain liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act.

 

We, our officers and directors have agreed to a 90-day “lock-up” with respect to shares of our common stock and other of our securities that they beneficially own, including securities that are convertible into shares of common stock and securities that are exchangeable or exercisable for shares of common stock. This means that, subject to certain exceptions, for a period of 90 days following the date of this prospectus, we and such persons may not offer, sell, pledge or otherwise dispose of these securities without the prior written consent of Oppenheimer & Co. Inc.

 

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Rules of the SEC may limit the ability of the underwriters to bid for or purchase shares before the distribution of the shares is completed. However, the underwriters may engage in the following activities in accordance with the rules:

 

Stabilizing transactions - the representative may make bids or purchases for the purpose of pegging, fixing or maintaining the price of the shares, so long as stabilizing bids do not exceed a specified maximum.

 

Penalty bids - if the representative purchases shares in the open market in a stabilizing transaction or syndicate covering transaction, it may reclaim a selling concession from the underwriter and selling group members who sold those shares as part of this offering.

 

Passive market making - market makers in the shares who are underwriters or prospective underwriters may make bids for or purchases of shares, subject to limitations, until the time, if ever, at which a stabilizing bid is made.

 

Similar to other purchase transactions, the underwriters’ purchases to cover the syndicate short sales or to stabilize the market price of our common stock may have the effect of raising or maintaining the market price of our common stock or preventing or mitigating a decline in the market price of our common stock. As a result, the price of the shares of our common stock may be higher than the price that might otherwise exist in the open market. The imposition of a penalty bid might also have an effect on the price of the shares if it discourages resales of the shares.

 

Neither we nor the underwriters make any representation or prediction as to the effect that the transactions described above may have on the price of the shares. These transactions may occur on The Nasdaq Capital Market or otherwise. If such transactions are commenced, they may be discontinued without notice at any time.

 

Electronic Delivery of Prospectus: A prospectus in electronic format may be delivered to potential investors by the underwriters participating in this offering. The prospectus in electronic format will be identical to the paper version of such prospectus. Other than the prospectus in electronic format, the information on any underwriter’s website and any information contained in any other website maintained by an underwriter is not part of this prospectus or the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part.

 

Right of First Refusal: Subject to the completion of this offering, we have granted the representative of the underwriters a right of first refusal to any as our exclusive underwriter or placement agent in any financing for a period of six months from the completion of this offering.

 

Listing: Our common stock is listed for trading on The NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “ADIL.”

 

The underwriters and their affiliates have provided, or may in the future, from time to time, engage in transactions with and perform services for us in the ordinary course of their business for which they may receive customary fees and reimbursement of expenses. In the ordinary course of their various business activities, the underwriters and their affiliates may make or hold a broad array of investments and actively trade debt and equity securities (or related derivative securities) and financial instruments (including bank loans) for their own accounts and for the accounts of their customers, and such investment and securities activities may involve securities and/or instruments of our Company. The underwriters and their affiliates may also make investment recommendations and/or publish or express independent research views in respect of such securities or instruments and may at any time hold, or recommend to clients that they acquire, long and/or short positions in such securities and instruments.

 

Notice to Non-U.S. Investors

 

Belgium

 

The offering is exclusively conducted under applicable private placement exemptions and therefore it has not been and will not be notified to, and this document or any other offering material relating to the shares has not been and will not be approved by, the Belgian Banking, Finance and Insurance Commission (Commission bancaire, financière et des assurances/Commissie voor het Bank, Financie en Assurantiewezen). Any representation to the contrary is unlawful.

 

Each underwriter has undertaken not to offer sell, resell, transfer or deliver directly or indirectly, any shares, or to take any steps relating/ancillary thereto, and not to distribute or publish this document or any other material relating to the shares or to the offering in a manner which would be construed as: (a) a public offering under the Belgian Royal Decree of 7 July 1999 on the public character of financial transactions; or (b) an offering of securities to the public under Directive 2003/71/EC which triggers an obligation to publish a prospectus in Belgium. Any action contrary to these restrictions will cause the recipient and the Company to be in violation of the Belgian securities laws.

 

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Canada

 

This document constitutes an “exempt offering document” as defined in and for the purposes of applicable Canadian securities laws. No prospectus has been filed with any securities commission or similar regulatory authority in Canada in connection with the offer and sale of the securities described herein (the “Securities”). No securities commission or similar regulatory authority in Canada has reviewed or in any way passed upon this document or on the merits of the Securities and any representation to the contrary is an offence.

 

Canadian investors are advised that this document has been prepared in reliance on section 3A.3 of National Instrument 33-105 Underwriting Conflicts (“NI 33-105”). Pursuant to section 3A.3 of NI 33-105, this document is exempt from the requirement to provide investors with certain conflicts of interest disclosure pertaining to “connected issuer” and/or “related issuer” relationships as would otherwise be required pursuant to subsection 2.1(1) of NI 33-105.

 

Resale Restrictions

 

The offer and sale of the securities in Canada is being made on a private placement basis only and is exempt from the requirement to prepare and file a prospectus under applicable Canadian securities laws. Any resale of Securities acquired by a Canadian investor in this offering must be made in accordance with applicable Canadian securities laws, which may vary depending on the relevant jurisdiction, and which may require resales to be made in accordance with Canadian prospectus requirements, a statutory exemption from the prospectus requirements, in a transaction exempt from the prospectus requirements or otherwise under a discretionary exemption from the prospectus requirements granted by the applicable local Canadian securities regulatory authority. These resale restrictions may under certain circumstances apply to resales of the Securities outside of Canada.

 

Representations of Purchasers

 

Each Canadian investor who purchases the securities will be deemed to have represented to the issuer and to each dealer from whom a purchase confirmation is received, as applicable, that the investor (i) is purchasing as principal, or is deemed to be purchasing as principal in accordance with applicable Canadian securities laws, for investment only and not with a view to resale or redistribution; (ii) is an “accredited investor” as such term is defined in section 1.1 of National Instrument 45-106 Prospectus Exemptions or, in Ontario, as such term is defined in section 73.3(1) of the Securities Act (Ontario); and (iii) is a “permitted client” as such term is defined in section 1.1 of National Instrument 31-103 Registration Requirements, Exemptions and Ongoing Registrant Obligations.

 

Taxation and Eligibility for Investment

 

Any discussion of taxation and related matters contained in this document does not purport to be a comprehensive description of all of the tax considerations that may be relevant to a Canadian investor when deciding to purchase the securities and, in particular, does not address any Canadian tax considerations. No representation or warranty is hereby made as to the tax consequences to a resident, or deemed resident, of Canada of an investment in the securities or with respect to the eligibility of the securities for investment by such investor under relevant Canadian federal and provincial legislation and regulations.

 

Rights of Action for Damages or Rescission

 

Securities legislation in certain of the Canadian jurisdictions provides certain purchasers of securities pursuant to an offering memorandum, including where the distribution involves an “eligible foreign security” as such term is defined in Ontario Securities Commission Rule 45-501 Ontario Prospectus and Registration Exemptions and in Multilateral Instrument 45-107 Listing Representation and Statutory Rights of Action Disclosure Exemptions, as applicable, with a remedy for damages or rescission, or both, in addition to any other rights they may have at law, where the offering memorandum, or other offering document that constitutes an offering memorandum, and any amendment thereto, contains a “misrepresentation” as defined under applicable Canadian securities laws. These remedies, or notice with respect to these remedies, must be exercised or delivered, as the case may be, by the purchaser within the time limits prescribed under, and are subject to limitations and defences under, applicable Canadian securities legislation. In addition, these remedies are in addition to and without derogation from any other right or remedy available at law to the investor.

 

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Language of Documents

 

Upon receipt of this document, each Canadian investor hereby confirms that it has expressly requested that all documents evidencing or relating in any way to the sale of the securities described herein (including for greater certainty any purchase confirmation or any notice) be drawn up in the English language only. Par la réception de ce document, chaque investisseur canadien confirme par les présentes qu'il an expressément exigé que tous les documents faisant foi ou se rapportant de quelque manière que ce soit à la vente des valeurs mobilières décrites aux présentes (incluant, pour plus de certitude, toute confirmation d'achat ou tout avis) soient rédigés en anglais seulement.

 

France

 

Neither this prospectus nor any other offering material relating to the shares has been submitted to the clearance procedures of the Autorité des marchés financiers in France. The shares have not been offered or sold and will not be offered or sold, directly or indirectly, to the public in France. Neither this prospectus nor any other offering material relating to the shares has been or will be: (a) released, issued, distributed or caused to be released, issued or distributed to the public in France; or (b) used in connection with any offer for subscription or sale of the shares to the public in France. Such offers, sales and distributions will be made in France only: (i) to qualified investors (investisseurs qualifiés) and/or to a restricted circle of investors (cercle restreint d'investisseurs), in each case investing for their own account, all as defined in and in accordance with Articles L.411-2, D.411-1, D.411-2, D.734-1, D.744-1, D.754-1 and D.764-1 of the French Code monétaire et financier; (ii) to investment services providers authorised to engage in portfolio management on behalf of third parties; or (iii) in a transaction that, in accordance with article L.411-2-II-1°-or-2°-or 3° of the French Code monétaire et financier and article 211-2 of the General Regulations (Règlement Général) of the Autorité des marchés financiers, does not constitute a public offer (appel public à l'épargne). Such shares may be resold only in compliance with Articles L.411-1, L.411-2, L.412-1 and L.621-8 through L.621-8-3 of the French Code monétaire et financier.

 

United Kingdom/Germany/Norway/The Netherlands

 

In relation to each Member State of the European Economic Area which has implemented the Prospectus Directive (each, a “Relevant Member State”) an offer to the public of any shares which are the subject of the offering contemplated by this prospectus may not be made in that Relevant Member State other than the offers contemplated in this prospectus in name(s) of Member State(s) where prospectus will be approved or passported for the purposes of a non-exempt offer once this prospectus has been approved by the competent authority in such Member State and published and passported in accordance with the Prospectus Directive as implemented in name(s) of relevant Member State(s) except that an offer to the public in that Relevant Member State of any shares may be made at any time under the following exemptions under the Prospectus Directive, if they have been implemented in that Relevant Member State:

 

(a)to legal entities which are authorised or regulated to operate in the financial markets or, if not so authorised or regulated, whose corporate purpose is solely to invest in securities;

 

(b)to any legal entity which has two or more of (1) an average of at least 250 employees during the last financial year; (2) a total balance sheet of more than €43,000,000 and (3) an annual net turnover of more than €50,000,000, as shown in its last annual or consolidated accounts;

 

(c)by the representative to fewer than 100 natural or legal persons (other than qualified investors as defined in the Prospectus Directive); or

 

(d)in any other circumstances falling within Article 3(2) of the Prospectus Directive, provided that no such offer of shares shall result in a requirement for the publication by the Company or any underwriter of a prospectus pursuant to Article 3 of the Prospectus Directive.

 

For the purposes of this provision, the expression an “offer to the public” in relation to any shares in any Relevant Member State means the communication in any form and by any means of sufficient information on the terms of the offer and any shares to be offered so as to enable an investor to decide to purchase any shares, as the same may be varied in that Member State by any measure implementing the Prospectus Directive in that Member State and the expression “Prospectus Directive” means Directive 2003/71/EC and includes any relevant implementing measure in each Relevant Member State.

 

23

 

 

Each underwriter has represented, warranted and agreed that:

 

(a)it has only communicated or caused to be communicated and will only communicate or cause to be communicated any invitation or inducement to engage in investment activity (within the meaning of section 21 of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (the “FSMA”)) received by it in connection with the issue or sale of any shares in circumstances in which section 21(1) of the FSMA does not apply to the Company; and

 

(b)it has complied with and will comply with all applicable provisions of the FSMA with respect to anything done by it in relation to the shares in, from or otherwise involving the United Kingdom.

 

Israel

 

In the State of Israel, the shares offered hereby may not be offered to any person or entity other than the following:

 

(a)a fund for joint investments in trust (i.e., mutual fund), as such term is defined in the Law for Joint Investments in Trust, 5754-1994, or a management company of such a fund;

 

(b)a provident fund as defined in Section 47(a)(2) of the Income Tax Ordinance of the State of Israel, or a management company of such a fund;

 

(c)an insurer, as defined in the Law for Oversight of Insurance Transactions, 5741-1981, (d) a banking entity or satellite entity, as such terms are defined in the Banking Law (Licensing), 5741-1981, other than a joint services company, acting for their own account or for the account of investors of the type listed in Section 15A(b) of the Securities Law 1968;

 

(d)a company that is licensed as a portfolio manager, as such term is defined in Section 8(b) of the Law for the Regulation of Investment Advisors and Portfolio Managers, 5755-1995, acting on its own account or for the account of investors of the type listed in Section 15A(b) of the Securities Law 1968;

 

(e)a company that is licensed as an investment advisor, as such term is defined in Section 7(c) of the Law for the Regulation of Investment Advisors and Portfolio Managers, 5755-1995, acting on its own account;

 

(f)a company that is a member of the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange, acting on its own account or for the account of investors of the type listed in Section 15A(b) of the Securities Law 1968;

 

(g)an underwriter fulfilling the conditions of Section 56(c) of the Securities Law, 5728-1968;

 

(h)a venture capital fund (defined as an entity primarily involved in investments in companies which, at the time of investment, (i) are primarily engaged in research and development or manufacture of new technological products or processes and (ii) involve above-average risk);

 

(i)an entity primarily engaged in capital markets activities in which all of the equity owners meet one or more of the above criteria; and

 

(j)an entity, other than an entity formed for the purpose of purchasing shares in this offering, in which the shareholders equity (including pursuant to foreign accounting rules, international accounting regulations and U.S. generally accepted accounting rules, as defined in the Securities Law Regulations (Preparation of Annual Financial Statements), 1993) is in excess of NIS 50.0 million.

 

Any offeree of the shares offered hereby in the State of Israel shall be required to submit written confirmation that it falls within the scope of one of the above criteria. This prospectus will not be distributed or directed to investors in the State of Israel who do not fall within one of the above criteria.

 

24

 

 

Italy

 

The offering of the shares offered hereby in Italy has not been registered with the Commissione Nazionale per la Società e la Borsa (“CONSOB”) pursuant to Italian securities legislation and, accordingly, the shares offered hereby cannot be offered, sold or delivered in the Republic of Italy (“Italy”) nor may any copy of this prospectus or any other document relating to the shares offered hereby be distributed in Italy other than to professional investors (operatori qualificati) as defined in Article 31, second paragraph, of CONSOB Regulation No. 11522 of 1 July, 1998 as subsequently amended. Any offer, sale or delivery of the shares offered hereby or distribution of copies of this prospectus or any other document relating to the shares offered hereby in Italy must be made:

 

(a)by an investment firm, bank or intermediary permitted to conduct such activities in Italy in accordance with Legislative Decree No. 58 of 24 February 1998 and Legislative Decree No. 385 of 1 September 1993 (the “Banking Act”);

 

(b)in compliance with Article 129 of the Banking Act and the implementing guidelines of the Bank of Italy; and

 

(c)in compliance with any other applicable laws and regulations and other possible requirements or limitations which may be imposed by Italian authorities.

 

Sweden

 

This prospectus has not been nor will it be registered with or approved by Finansinspektionen (the Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority). Accordingly, this prospectus may not be made available, nor may the shares offered hereunder be marketed and offered for sale in Sweden, other than under circumstances which are deemed not to require a prospectus under the Financial Instruments Trading Act (1991: 980).

 

Switzerland

 

The shares offered pursuant to this prospectus will not be offered, directly or indirectly, to the public in Switzerland and this prospectus does not constitute a public offering prospectus as that term is understood pursuant to art. 652a or art. 1156 of the Swiss Federal Code of Obligations. The Company has not applied for a listing of the shares being offered pursuant to this prospectus on the SIX Swiss Exchange or on any other regulated securities market, and consequently, the information presented in this prospectus does not necessarily comply with the information standards set out in the relevant listing rules. The shares being offered pursuant to this prospectus have not been registered with the Swiss Federal Banking Commission as foreign investment funds, and the investor protection afforded to acquirers of investment fund certificates does not extend to acquirers of shares.

 

Investors are advised to contact their legal, financial or tax advisers to obtain an independent assessment of the financial and tax consequences of an investment in shares.

  

25

 

 

WHERE YOU CAN FIND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

 

We have filed with the SEC a registration statement on Form S-1 under the Securities Act, with respect to the securities being offered by this prospectus. This prospectus does not contain all of the information in the registration statement and its exhibits. For further information with respect to us and the securities offered by this prospectus, we refer you to the registration statement and its exhibits. Statements contained in this prospectus as to the contents of any contract or any other document referred to are not necessarily complete, and in each instance, we refer you to the copy of the contract or other document filed as an exhibit to the registration statement. Each of these statements is qualified in all respects by this reference. The SEC maintains an internet website that contains reports, proxy statements, and other information about registrants, like us, that file electronically with the SEC. The address of that website is www.sec.gov. The information contained in, or that can be accessed through, the SEC’s website is not incorporated by reference in, and is not part of, this prospectus or any prospectus supplement.

 

We are subject to the information and periodic reporting requirements of the Exchange Act, and we file periodic reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC. These periodic reports, proxy statements and other information are available at the website of the SEC referred to above. We maintain a website at https://ir.adialpharma.com/sec-filings. You may access our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act with the SEC free of charge at our website as soon as reasonably practicable after such material is electronically filed with, or furnished to, the SEC. The information contained in, or that can be accessed through, our website is not incorporated by reference in, and is not part of, this prospectus.

 

INCORPORATION OF CERTAIN INFORMATION BY REFERENCE

 

The SEC allows us to “incorporate by reference” information from other documents that we file with it, which means that we can disclose important information to you by referring you to those documents. The information incorporated by reference is considered to be part of this prospectus. Information in this prospectus supersedes information incorporated by reference that we filed with the SEC prior to the date of this prospectus.

 

We incorporate by reference into this prospectus and the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part the information or documents listed below that we have filed with the SEC (Commission File No. 001-38323):

 

Our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020 filed with the SEC on March 22, 2021 (File No. 001-38323);

 

Our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2021 filed with the SEC on May 17, 2021 (File No. 001-38323);

 

Our Current Reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on February 1, 2021, February 12, 2021, February 26, 2021 (other than as indicated therein), March 15, 2021, April 9, 2021 and June 4, 2021 (File No. 001-38323); and

 

The description of our common stock set forth in (i) our registration statements on Form 8-A12B, filed with the SEC on December 11, 2017 and Form 8-A12B/A filed with the SEC on July 23, 2018 (File No. 001-38323) and (ii) Exhibit 4.19—Description of Securities to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020.

 

We also incorporate by reference any future filings (other than current reports furnished under Item 2.02 or Item 7.01 of Form 8-K and exhibits filed on such form that are related to such items unless such Form 8-K expressly provides to the contrary) made with the SEC pursuant to Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, including those made (i) on or after the date of the initial filing of the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part and prior to effectiveness of such registration statement, and (ii) on or after the date of this prospectus but prior to the termination of the offering (i.e., until the earlier of the date on which all of the securities registered hereunder have been sold or the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part has been withdrawn). Information in such future filings updates and supplements the information provided in this prospectus. Any statements in any such future filings will automatically be deemed to modify and supersede any information in any document we previously filed with the SEC that is incorporated or deemed to be incorporated herein by reference to the extent that statements in the later filed document modify or replace such earlier statements.

 

26

 

 

We will furnish without charge to each person, including any beneficial owner, to whom a prospectus is delivered, upon written or oral request, a copy of any or all of the documents incorporated by reference into this prospectus but not delivered with the prospectus, including exhibits that are specifically incorporated by reference into such documents. You should direct any requests for documents to:

 

Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 

1180 Seminole Trail, Suite 495

Charlottesville, VA 22901

Telephone (434) 422-9800

Attention: Corporate Secretary

 

You may also access these documents, free of charge, on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov or on our website at https://ir.adialpharma.com/sec-filings. The information contained in, or that can be accessed through, our website is not incorporated by reference in, and is not part of, this prospectus or any accompanying prospectus supplement.

 

In accordance with Rule 412 of the Securities Act, any statement contained in a document incorporated by reference herein shall be deemed modified or superseded to the extent that a statement contained herein or in any other subsequently filed document which also is or is deemed to be incorporated by reference herein modifies or supersedes such statement.

 

You should rely only on information contained in, or incorporated by reference into, this prospectus and any prospectus supplement. We have not authorized anyone to provide you with information different from that contained in this prospectus or incorporated by reference into this prospectus. We are not making offers to sell the securities in any jurisdiction in which such an offer or solicitation is not authorized or in which the person making such offer or solicitation is not qualified to do so or to anyone to whom it is unlawful to make such an offer or solicitation.

 

LEGAL MATTERS

 

The validity of the shares of our common stock being offered by this prospectus have been passed upon for us by Gracin & Marlow, LLP, New York, New York. Ellenoff Grossman & Schole LLP, New York, New York, is acting as counsel to the underwriters in this offering.

 

EXPERTS

 

The financial statements of Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc. as of December 31, 2020 and 2019 and for each of the years in the two year period ended December 31, 2020 incorporated by reference in this Registration Statement have been so included in reliance on the report of Friedman LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, (such report includes an explanatory paragraph regarding our ability to continue as a going concern), given on the authority of said firm as experts in auditing and accounting.

 

DISCLOSURE OF COMMISSION POSITION ON INDEMNIFICATION FOR SECURITIES ACT LIABILITIES

 

Our directors and officers are indemnified to the fullest extent permitted under Delaware law. We also maintain insurance which protects our officers and directors against any liabilities incurred in connection with their service in such a capacity.

 

Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act may be permitted to our directors, officers and controlling persons pursuant to the foregoing, or otherwise, we have been advised that in the opinion of the SEC such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is, therefore, unenforceable. In the event that a claim for indemnification against such liabilities (other than the payment by us of expenses incurred or paid by a director, officer or controlling person of ours in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceeding) is asserted by such director, officer or controlling person in connection with the securities being registered, we will, unless in the opinion of our counsel the matter has been settled by controlling precedent, submit to a court of appropriate jurisdiction the question whether such indemnification by it is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and will be governed by the final adjudication of such issue.

 

27

 

 

 

 

 

Shares of Common Stock

 

 

 

 

 

PROSPECTUS

 

 

 

 

 

Sole Book-Running Manager

 

Oppenheimer & Co.

 

 

The date of this prospectus is , 2021.

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART II

 

INFORMATION NOT REQUIRED IN PROSPECTUS

 

Item 13. Other Expenses of Issuance and Distribution.

 

The following table sets forth all expenses to be paid by the registrant, other than any estimated underwriting discounts and commissions, in connection with the offering and sale of the shares of common stock being registered. All amounts shown are estimates except for the SEC registration fee.

 

  Amount 
SEC registration fee $2,510 
FINRA filing fee  3,864 
Printing and engraving expenses  6,000 
Legal fees and expenses  350,000 
Transfer agent fees and expenses  10,000 
Accounting fees and expenses  50,000 
Underwriter’s accountable expenses  100,000 
Miscellaneous fees and expenses  23,626 
Total $546,000 

 

Item 14. Indemnification of Directors and Officers.

 

The Registrant is incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware. Section 145 of the Delaware General Corporation Law provides that a Delaware corporation may indemnify any persons who were, are, or are threatened to be made, parties to any threatened, pending or completed action, suit or proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative (other than an action by or in the right of such corporation), by reason of the fact that such person is or was an officer, director, employee or agent of such corporation, or is or was serving at the request of such corporation as an officer, director, employee or agent of another corporation or enterprise. The indemnity may include expenses (including attorneys’ fees), judgments, fines and amounts paid in settlement actually and reasonably incurred by such person in connection with such action, suit or proceeding, provided that such person acted in good faith and in a manner he or she reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the corporation’s best interests and, with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, had no reasonable cause to believe that his or her conduct was illegal. A Delaware corporation may indemnify any persons who were, are, or are threatened to be made, a party to any threatened, pending or completed action or suit by or in the right of the corporation by reason of the fact that such person is or was a director, officer, employee or agent of such corporation, or is or was serving at the request of such corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation or enterprise. The indemnity may include expenses (including attorneys’\ fees) actually and reasonably incurred by such person in connection with the defense or settlement of such action or suit provided such person acted in good faith and in a manner he or she reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the corporation’s best interests except that no indemnification is permitted without judicial approval if the officer or director is adjudged to be liable to the corporation. Where an officer or director is successful on the merits or otherwise in the defense of any action referred to above, the corporation must indemnify him or her against the expenses (including attorneys’ fees) actually and reasonably incurred.

 

The Registrant’s certificate of incorporation and amended and restated bylaws, each of which will become effective immediately prior to the closing of this offering, provide for the indemnification of its directors and officers to the fullest extent permitted under the Delaware General Corporation Law.

 

Section 102(b)(7) of the Delaware General Corporation Law permits a corporation to provide in its certificate of incorporation that a director of the corporation shall not be personally liable to the corporation or its stockholders for monetary damages for breach of fiduciary duties as a director, except for liability for any:

 

transaction from which the director derives an improper personal benefit;

 

act or omission not in good faith or that involves intentional misconduct or a knowing violation of law;

 

unlawful payment of dividends or redemption of shares; or

 

breach of a director’s duty of loyalty to the corporation or its stockholders.

  

II-1

 

 

The Registrant’s certificate of incorporation includes such a provision. Expenses incurred by any officer or director in defending any such action, suit or proceeding in advance of its final disposition shall be paid by the Registrant upon delivery to it of an undertaking, by or on behalf of such director or officer, to repay all amounts so advanced if it shall ultimately be determined that such director or officer is not entitled to be indemnified by the Registrant.

 

Section 174 of the Delaware General Corporation Law provides, among other things, that a director who willfully or negligently approves of an unlawful payment of dividends or an unlawful stock purchase or redemption, may be held liable for such actions. A director who was either absent when the unlawful actions were approved or dissented at the time may avoid liability by causing his or her dissent to such actions to be entered in the books containing minutes of the meetings of the board of directors at the time such action occurred or immediately after such absent director receives notice of the unlawful acts.

 

As permitted by the Delaware General Corporation Law, the Registrant has entered into indemnity agreements with each of its directors and executive officers, that require the Registrant to indemnify such persons against any and all costs and expenses (including attorneys’, witness or other professional fees) actually and reasonably incurred by such persons in connection with any action, suit or proceeding (including derivative actions), whether actual or threatened, to which any such person may be made a party by reason of the fact that such person is or was a director or officer or is or was acting or serving as an officer, director, employee or agent of the Registrant or any of its affiliated enterprises. Under these agreements, the Registrant is not required to provide indemnification for certain matters, including:

 

indemnification beyond that permitted by the Delaware General Corporation Law;

 

indemnification for any proceeding with respect to the unlawful payment of remuneration to the director or officer;

 

indemnification for certain proceedings involving a final judgment that the director or officer is required to disgorge profits from the purchase or sale of the Registrant’s stock;

 

indemnification for proceedings involving a final judgment that the director’s or officer’s conduct was in bad faith, knowingly fraudulent or deliberately dishonest or constituted willful misconduct or a breach of his or her duty of loyalty, but only to the extent of such specific determination;

 

indemnification for proceedings or claims brought by an officer or director against us or any of the Registrant’s directors, officers, employees or agents, except for claims to establish a right of indemnification or proceedings or claims approved by the Registrant’s board of directors or required by law;

 

indemnification for settlements the director or officer enters into without the Registrant’s consent; or

 

indemnification in violation of any undertaking required by the Securities Act or in any registration statement filed by the Registrant.

 

The indemnification agreements also set forth certain procedures that will apply in the event of a claim for indemnification thereunder.

 

Except as otherwise disclosed under the heading “Legal Proceedings” in the “Business” section of this registration statement, there is at present no pending litigation or proceeding involving any of the Registrant’s directors or executive officers as to which indemnification is required or permitted, and the Registrant is not aware of any threatened litigation or proceeding that may result in a claim for indemnification.

 

The Registrant has an insurance policy in place that covers its officers and directors with respect to certain liabilities, including liabilities arising under the Securities Act or otherwise.

 

II-2

 

 

Item 15. Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities.

 

During the last three years, we have issued unregistered securities to the persons described below. None of these transactions involved any underwriters, underwriting discounts or commissions, or any public offering. We believe that each transaction was exempt from the registration requirements of the Securities Act by virtue of Section 4(a)(2) thereof as a transaction not involving a public offering. The recipients both had access, through their relationship with us, to information about us.

 

On July 31, 2018, upon the closing of our initial public offering, approximately $310,000 aggregate principal amount of convertible debt automatically converted into an aggregate of 700,854 units, comprised of 700,854 shares of common stock and warrants to purchase 700,854 shares of common stock. The issuance of the units was exempt from registration under the Securities Act by virtue of the exemption provided under Section 3(a)(9), as the exchange was made by us with our existing security holders exclusively and no commission or other remuneration was paid or given directly or indirectly for soliciting such exchange.

 

On July 31, 2018, upon the closing of our initial public offering, we also issued 388,860 shares of common stock and warrants to purchase 444,608 shares of common stock to consultants and employees. The issuance of these securities was also exempt from registration under the Securities Act by virtue of Section 4(a)(2) thereof, as a transaction not involving a public offering.

 

On July 31, 2018, upon the closing of our initial public offering, we also issued 442,220 shares of common stock, warrants to purchase 497,330 shares of common stock, and warrants to purchase 480,600 units, each unit consisting of a share of common stock and a warrant to purchase a share of common stock debt holders. The issuance of these securities was also exempt from registration under the Securities Act by virtue of Section 4(a)(2) thereof, as a transaction not involving a public offering.

  

On November 12, 2018, we exchanged warrants to purchase 480,600 units having an exercise price of $5.00 per unit (each unit consisting of a share of common stock and a warrant to purchase a share of common stock at an exercise price of $6.25 per share) for two warrants, each warrant having an exercise price of $5.00, one warrant to purchase a share of common stock and a second warrant to purchase a warrant that is exercisable for a share of common stock at an exercise price of $6.25 per share. The issuance of the warrants was exempt from registration under the Securities Act by virtue of the exemption provided under Section 3(a)(9), as the exchange was made by us with our existing security holders exclusively and no commission or other remuneration was paid or given directly or indirectly for soliciting such exchange.

 

On November 26, 2018, we issued 100,000 shares of common stock to a consultant in consideration of strategic management consulting services and investor relations services to be rendered to us.

 

On November 26, 2018, we issued 18,750 shares of common stock to a consultant in consideration of strategic management consulting services and investor relations services to be rendered to us.

 

On December 20, 2018, we issued 162,500 shares of our common stock following receipt on December 19, 2018 of a conversion notice from the holder of an outstanding convertible note in the principal amount of $325,000, thereupon retiring all outstanding debt instruments. The issuance of common stock was exempt from registration under the Securities Act by virtue of the exemption provided under Section 3(a)(9) thereof as the common stock was exchanged by us with our existing security holder exclusively and no commission or other remuneration was paid or given directly or indirectly for soliciting such exchange.

 

On January 21, 2019, we exchanged a currently outstanding warrant to purchase 300,000 shares of common stock exercisable at a per share price of $3.75, with a cashless exercise feature, exercisable for a period of five years from its date of issuance for a new warrant to purchase 300,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $3.75, with a cashless exercise feature allowing for a maximum issuance of 125,000 shares of common stock upon a cashless exercise, exercisable until April 17, 2019. Subsequent to the exchange, the warrant holder partially exercised the warrant for a payment of $468,750, for issue of 125,000 shares of common stock. The warrant holder then exercised the remainder of the warrant via a cashless and was issued 125,000 shares of common stock, retiring the warrant. We issued the new warrant and the shares of common stock upon exercise of the new warrant in reliance on the exemption from registration provided for under Section 3(a)(9) of the Securities Act, as the issuance was made to an existing security holder, there was no additional consideration paid for the new warrant or the shares of common stock and no commission or other remuneration was paid.

  

On January 31, 2019, we issued 22,311 unregistered shares of common stock upon the full cashless exercise of a warrant to purchase 65,130 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $4.99 per share.

 

II-3

 

 

On February 4, 2019, we issued 1,083 shares following the exercise of 1,083 previous outstanding with an exercise price of $0.005 per share, or a total exercise price of $6.

 

On March 4, 2019, we issued 50,000 shares of common stock to a consultant in consideration of strategic management consulting services and investor relations services to be rendered to us.

  

On March 6, 2019, we issued 1,083 shares following the exercise of 1,083 previous outstanding options/warrants with an exercise price of $0.005 per share, or a total exercise price of $6.

 

On March 15, 2019, we issued 18,750 shares of common stock to a consultant in consideration of strategic management consulting services and investor relations services to be rendered to us.

   

On March 29, 2019, we issued 25,000 shares of common stock to a consultant at the market price of $3.43 per share.

 

On April 22, 2019, we issued 50,000 shares of common stock to an investor relations consultant at a cost of $1.66 per share, the market price on the day of the agreement under which these shares were issued. 

 

On June 26, 2019, we issued 18,750 shares of common stock to an investor relations consultant at a cost of $3.80 per share, the market price on the day of the agreement under which these shares were issued.

 

During 2019, 61,005 unregistered shares of common stock were issued as a result of the exercise of warrants to purchase 61,005 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $0.005 per share for cash payments of $328.

 

On May 15, 2020, the Company issued to a consultant, in consideration for services, warrants for the purchase of 72,000 shares of common stock, with an exercise price of $1.30 per share.

 

On September 21, 2020, we entered into a securities purchase agreement with Bespoke Growth Partners, Inc. pursuant to which we sold to Bespoke 357,143 restricted shares of our common stock for an aggregate purchase price of $500,000.20. Bespoke’s principal is Mark H. Peikin, the Company’s Chief Strategy Officer.

 

On November 18, 2020, we entered into a Common Stock Purchase Agreement (“Keystone Purchase Agreement”) and a Registration Rights Agreement with Keystone Capital Partners, LLC (“Keystone”). Pursuant to the Keystone Purchase Agreement, we have the right to sell to Keystone Capital up to the lesser of (i) $15,000,000 of newly issued shares of common stock, and (ii) the Exchange Cap from time to time during the term of the Purchase Agreement. We have issued an aggregate of 1,240,941 shares of common stock pursuant to the Keystone Purchase Agreement.

 

On November 18, 2020, we also issued 175,000 then-unregistered commitment shares to Keystone pursuant to the Keystone Purchase Agreement.

 

On January 26, 2021, we issued an aggregate of 699,980 shares of common stock as partial consideration for the acquisition (the “Purnovate Acquisition”) contemplated by that certain Equity Purchase Agreement, dated December 7, 2020, as amended, (the “Purnovate Purchase Agreement”), by and among Adial, Purnovate, LLC (“Purnovate”), each of the equity holders of Purnovate (the “Members”) and Robert D. Thompson, as representative of the Members.

 

On March 11, 2021, we issued 97,001 shares of common stock pursuant to the terms of the Securities Purchase Agreements we entered into with each of Bespoke Growth Partners, Inc. (“Bespoke”), a company controlled by Mark Peikin, the Company’s Chief Strategy Officer, three entities controlled by James W. Newman, Jr., a member of the Company’s Board of Directors, and Keystone.

 

We did not pay or give, directly or indirectly, any commission or other remuneration, including underwriting discounts or commissions, in connection with any of the issuances of securities listed above. The recipients of the securities in each of these transactions represented their intentions to acquire the securities for investment only and not with a view to or for sale in connection with any distribution thereof, and appropriate legends were placed upon the stock certificates issued in these transactions. All recipients had adequate access, through their employment or other relationship with us or through other access to information provided by us, to information about us. The sales of these securities were made without any general solicitation or advertising.

 

II-4

 

 

Item 16. Exhibits and financial statement schedules.

 

(a)The exhibits to the registration statement are set forth within the Exhibit Index below.
  
 (b)No financial statement schedules are provided because the information called for is not required or is shown either in the financial statements or notes.

 

EXHIBIT INDEX

 

Exhibit

Number

 Description of Exhibit
1.1** Form of Underwriting Agreement
3.1 Articles of Organization of ADial Pharmaceuticals, L.L.C. (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2017)
3.2 Second Amended and Restated Operating Agreement of ADial Pharmaceuticals, L.L.C., dated as of February 3, 2014 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2017)
3.3 Certificate of Incorporation of Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2017)
3.4 Bylaws of Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2017)
3.5 Articles of Incorporation of APL Conversion Corp., a Virginia Stock Corporation (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2017)
3.6 Bylaws of APL Conversion Corp. (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2017)
3.7  Articles of Entity Conversion of ADial Pharmaceuticals, L.L.C. filed with the Virginia Secretary of State (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2017)
3.8  Terms and Conditions of the Plan of Entity Conversion ADial Pharmaceuticals, L.L.C. into APL Conversion Corp. (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2017)
3.9  Certificate of Merger of Foreign Corporation into Domestic Corporation filed with the Delaware Secretary of State (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2017)
3.10  Articles of Merger of APL Conversion Corp. into Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc. filed with the Virginia Secretary of State (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2017)
3.11  Agreement and Plan of Merger and Reorganization of APL Conversion Corp., a Virginia Corporation and Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc. a Delaware Corporation (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2017)
3.12  First Amendment to the Second Amended and Restated Operating Agreement of ADial Pharmaceuticals, L.L.C., dated as of September 22, 2017 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on October 25, 2017)
4.1 Specimen Common Stock Certificate (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on October 25, 2017)
4.2   Form of Representative’s Warrant Agreement (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2017)
4.3   Form of Warrant to Purchase Membership Units (2011 Offering) (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2017)
4.4   Form of Warrant to Purchase Membership Units (2013 Offering) (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2017)
4.5   Form of Common Stock Purchase Warrant by and between ADial Pharmaceuticals, L.L.C and FirstFire Global Opportunities Fund, LLC (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2017)
4.6+   Option Agreement between ADial Pharmaceuticals, L.L.C and Tony Goodman, effective July 1, 2017 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2017)
4.7+   Grant Incentive Plan (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 16, 2018)

 

II-5

 

 

4.8+   Form of Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 2017 Equity Incentive Plan (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2017)
4.9+   Form of Stock Option Grant Notice, Option Agreement (Incentive Stock Option or Nonstatutory Stock Option) and Notice of Exercise under the 2017 Equity Incentive Plan (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2017)
4.10   Form of Common Stock Purchase Warrant dated November 21, 2017 by and among Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and certain investors (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on November 22, 2017)

4.11

 Form of Common Stock Purchase Warrant by and between Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc. certain investors (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 16, 2018)
4.12 Form of Common Stock Purchase Warrant by and among Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and consultant (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 16, 2018)
4.13  Warrant to purchase 300,000 shares of Common Stock issued June 6, 2018 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 11, 2018)
4.14 Form of Warrant Agent Agreement (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 11, 2018)
4.15 Form of Warrant (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 11, 2018)
4.16   Form of Unit Warrant (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 10-Q, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 10, 2018)
4.17   Form of $5.00 Warrant to purchase common stock, dated November 12, 2018 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 10-Q, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on November 14, 2018)
4.18 Form of $6.25 Warrant to purchase common stock, dated November 12, 2018 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 10-Q, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on November 14, 2018)
4.19 Description of Securities
4.20 Form of Common Stock Purchase Warrant (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 12, 2020)
5.1* Opinion of Gracin & Marlow, LLP
10.1   License Agreement between the University of Virginia Patent Foundation and ADial Pharmaceuticals, L.L.C. effective January 21, 2011 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2017)
10.2   Amendment #1 to License Agreement between University of Virginia Patent Foundation and ADial Pharmaceuticals, L.L.C effective October 21, 2013 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2017)
10.3   Amendment #2 to License Agreement between University of Virginia Patent Foundation and ADial Pharmaceuticals, L.L.C effective May 18, 2016 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2017)
10.4   Amendment #3 to License Agreement between University of Virginia Patent Foundation and ADial Pharmaceuticals, L.L.C effective March 27, 2017 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2017)
10.5+   Consulting Agreement between ADial Pharmaceuticals, L.L.C and Crescendo Communications, LLC Agreed to and approved June 30, 2017 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2017)
10.6  Indemnification Agreement (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2017)
10.7   Amendment #4 to License Agreement between University of Virginia Patent Foundation and ADial Pharmaceuticals, L.L.C effective August 15, 2017 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2017)
10.8 Amendment #5 to License Agreement between University of Virginia Patent Foundation and Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc., dated as of December 14, 2017 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 16, 2018)
10.9 Security Agreement dated June 6, 2018 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 333-220368, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 11, 2018)
10.10 Form of Unit Warrant (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 10-Q, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 10, 2018)
10.11 Form of $5.00 Warrant to purchase common stock, dated November 12, 2018 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 10-Q, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on November 14, 2018)

 

II-6

 

 

10.12 Form of $6.25 Warrant to purchase common stock, dated November 12, 2018 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 10-Q, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on November 14, 2018)
10.13 Amendment No. 6 to License Agreement between the Company, University of Virginia Patent Foundation d/b/a the University of Virginia Licensing and Ventures Group dated as of December 18, 2018 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 19, 2018)
10.14+ Amendment to Employment Agreement between Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and William B. Stilley, III, dated as of March 11, 2019 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 14, 2019)
10.15+ Amendment to Employment Agreement between Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Joseph Truluck, dated as of March 11, 2019 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 14, 2019)
10.16+ Consulting Agreement between Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Dr. Bankole Johnson, dated March 24, 2019 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 26, 2019)
10.17 Master Services Agreement and related statement of work, dated July 5, 2019, by and between Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Psychological Education Publishing Company (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 8, 2019)
10.18 Amendment No. 1 to the Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 2017 Equity Incentive Stock Plan (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form S-8, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 13, 2019)
10.19+ Form of Stock Option Grant Notice, Option Agreement (Incentive Stock Option or Nonstatutory Stock Option) and Notice of Exercise under the 2017 Equity Incentive Plan (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form S-8, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 13, 2019)
10.20 Amendment to Statement of Work under Master Services Agreement dated December 12, 2019, by and between Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Psychological Education Publishing Company (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 16, 2019)
10.21 Guaranty, dated December 12, 2019, executed by Dr. Bankole Johnson (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 16, 2019)
10.22 Pledge and Security Agreement, dated December 12, 2019 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 16, 2019)
10.23 Lock-Up Agreement, dated December 12, 2019 between Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Bankole A. Johnson and certain entities controlled by Bankole A. Johnson (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 16, 2019)
10.24 Amendment No. 7 to License Agreement by and between the University of Virginia Patent Foundation d/b/a the University of Virginia Licensing and Ventures Group and Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 31, 2019)
10.25+ Amendment to Employment Agreement between Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Joseph Truluck, dated as of March 3, 2020 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 6, 2020)
10.26 Placement Agency Agreement, dated June 9, 2020, by and among Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Maxim Group LLC and Joseph Gunnar & Co., LLC (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 10, 2020)
10.27 Form of Securities Purchase Agreement, dated as of June 9, 2020, by and among Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and the Investors (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 10, 2020)
10.28 Lock-Up Agreement Extension and Right of First Refusal dated August 19, 2020 to Lock-Up Agreement (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on August 25, 2020)
10.29+ Amendment No. 2 to the Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 2017 Equity Incentive Plan (Incorporated by reference to Appendix A to the Company’s Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 21, 2020)
10.30 Common Stock Purchase Agreement, dated as of November 18, 2020, by and between Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Keystone Capital Partners, LLC (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on November 24, 2020)
10.31 Registration Rights Agreement, dated as of November 18, 2020, by and between Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Keystone Capital Partners, LLC (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on November 24, 2020)
10.32 Equity Purchase Agreement, dated December 7, 2020, by and among Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Purnovate, LLC, the members of Purnovate, LLC and Robert D. Thompson, as member representative (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 10, 2020)
10.33+ Offer Letter, dated December 14, 2020 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 17, 2020)

 

II-7

 

 

10.34 Amendment, dated January 25, 2021, by and among Adial Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Purnovate, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Adial, PNV Conversion Corp. as successor-in interest to Purnovate, LLC, and Robert D. Thompson, as member representative, to the Equity Purchase Agreement, dated December 7, 2020. (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 1, 2021)
10.35 Form of Securities Purchase Agreement (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 15, 2021)
10.36 Form of Registration Rights Agreement (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 15, 2021)
10.37+  Amendment to Executive Employment Agreement with William B. Stilley, III, effective as of February 12, 2021 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 22, 2021)
10.38+ Amendment to Executive Employment Agreement with Joseph Truluck, effective as of February 12, 2021 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 22, 2021)
10.39+ Amendment to Executive Employment Agreement with William B. Stilley, III, effective as of March 17, 2021 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 22, 2021)
10.40 Lockup Agreement Extension executed Dr. Bankole Johnson, dated April 5, 2021 (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 9, 2021)
21.1 List of Subsidiaries (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, File No. 001-38323 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 22, 2021)
23.1* Consent of Friedman LLP
23.2* Consent of Gracin & Marlow, LLP (See Exhibit 5.1 above)
24.1* Power of Attorney (included on signature page hereto)

 

*Filed herewith
  
**To be filed by amendment

 

+Management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement required to be identified pursuant to Item 15(a)(3) of this report.

 

II-8

 

 

Item 17. Undertakings.

 

Item 17. Undertakings.

 

(1)The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes:
  
(a)To file, during any period in which offers or sales are being made, a post–effective amendment to this registration statement:
   
(i)To include any prospectus required by Section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act;
   
(ii)To reflect in the prospectus any facts or events arising after the effective date of the registration statement (or the most recent post–effective amendment thereof) which, individually or in the aggregate, represent a fundamental change in the information set forth in the registration statement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any increase or decrease in volume of securities offered (if the total dollar value of securities offered would not exceed that which was registered) and any deviation from the low or high end of the estimated maximum offering range may be reflected in the form of prospectus filed with the SEC pursuant to Rule 424(b) if, in the aggregate, the changes in volume and price represent no more than 20 percent change in the maximum aggregate offering price set forth in the “Calculation of Registration Fee” table in the effective registration statement; and
   
(iii)To include any material information with respect to the plan of distribution not previously disclosed in the registration statement or any material change to such information in the registration statement;
   
(b)That, for the purpose of determining any liability under the Securities Act, each such post–effective amendment shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.
   
(c)To remove from registration by means of a post–effective amendment any of the securities being registered which remain unsold at the termination of the offering.
   
(d)That, for the purpose of determining liability of the registrant under the Securities Act to any purchaser in the initial distribution of the securities, the undersigned registrant hereby undertakes that in a primary offering of securities of the undersigned registrant pursuant to this registration statement, regardless of the underwriting method used to sell the securities to the purchaser, if the securities are offered or sold to such purchaser by means of any of the following communications, the undersigned registrant will be a seller to the purchaser and will be considered to offer or sell such securities to such purchaser:
   
(i)Any preliminary prospectus or prospectus of the undersigned registrant relating to the offering required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424 (§ 230.424 of this chapter);
   
(ii)Any free writing prospectus relating to the offering prepared by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant or used or referred to by the undersigned registrant;
   
(iii)The portion of any other free writing prospectus relating to the offering containing material information about the undersigned registrant or its securities provided by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant; and
   
(iv)Any other communication that is an offer in the offering made by the undersigned registrant to the purchaser.

 

II-9

 

 

(2)The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes that, for purposes of determining any liability under the Securities Act, each filing of the registrant’s annual report pursuant to Section 13(a) or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act (and, where applicable, each filing of an employee benefit plan’s annual report pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act) that is incorporated by reference in the registration statement shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.
  
(3)The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes that:
  
(a)For purposes of determining any liability under the Securities Act, the information omitted from the form of prospectus filed as part of this registration statement in reliance on Rule 430A and contained in a form of prospectus filed by the undersigned registrant pursuant to Rule 424(b)(1) or (4) or 497(h) under the Securities Act shall be deemed to be part of this registration statement as of the time it was declared effective; and
   
(b)For the purpose of determining any liability under the Securities Act, each post-effective amendment that contains a form of prospectus shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.
   
(4)Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act may be permitted to directors, officers and controlling persons of the registrant pursuant to the foregoing provisions, or otherwise, the registrant has been advised that in the opinion of the SEC such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is, therefore, unenforceable. In the event that a claim for indemnification against such liabilities (other than the payment by the registrant of expenses incurred or paid by a director, officer or controlling person of the registrant in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceeding) is asserted by such director, officer or controlling person in connection with the securities being registered, the registrant will, unless in the opinion of its counsel the matter has been settled by controlling precedent, submit to a court of appropriate jurisdiction the question whether such indemnification by it is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and will be governed by the final adjudication of such issue.

 

II-10

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, the registrant has duly caused this Registration Statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized in the City of Charlottesville, State of Virginia, on the 4th day of June, 2021.

 

 ADIAL PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
  
 By:/s/ William B. Stilley
 Name:William B. Stilley
 Title:President and Chief Executive Officer

 

POWER OF ATTORNEY

 

KNOW ALL PERSONS BY THESE PRESENTS, that each person whose signature appears below constitutes and appoints William B. Stilley and Joseph Truluck, and each of them, his true and lawful attorneys-in-fact and agents, with full power of substitution and resubstitution, for him and in his name, place and stead, in any and all capacities, to sign any and all amendments to this report, and to file the same, with all exhibits thereto, and other documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, granting unto said attorneys-in-fact and agents, and each of them, full power and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing requisite and necessary to be done in connection therewith, as fully to all intents and purposes as he might or could do in person, hereby ratifying and confirming all that said attorneys-in-fact and agents, or either of them or their or his substitutes or substitute, may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act, this registration statement has been signed by the following persons in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

Signature Title Date
     
/s/ William B. Stilley Chief Executive Officer and President  
William B. Stilley (Principal Executive Officer) June 4, 2021
     
/s/ Joseph M. Truluck Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer  
Joseph M. Truluck (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer) June 4, 2021
     
/s/ J. Kermit Anderson Member of the Board of Directors  
J. Kermit Anderson   June 4, 2021
     
/s/ Roberson H. Gilliland Member of the Board of Directors  
Robertson H. Gilliland   June 4, 2021
     
/s/ Tony Goodman Member of the Board of Directors  
Tony Goodman   June 4, 2021
     
/s/ James W. Newman Member of the Board of Directors  
James W. Newman, Jr.   June 4, 2021
     
/s/ Kevin Schuyler Member of the Board of Directors  
Kevin Schuyler, CFA   June 4, 2021
     

 

 

 

II-11