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TSE Trinseo

Filed: 7 May 21, 11:11am

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)                                                                                                                                                                                         

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                     to                     

Commission File Number: 001-36473

Trinseo S.A.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Luxembourg

N/A

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

1000 Chesterbrook Boulevard

Suite 300

Berwyn, PA 19312

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

(610) 240-3200

(Registrant’s telephone number)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

  

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of Each Class

Trading symbol

Name of Exchange on which registered

Ordinary Shares, par value $0.01 per share

TSE

New York Stock Exchange

As of May 3, 2021, there were 38,739,042 of the registrant’s ordinary shares outstanding.

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

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Page

Part I

Financial Information

Item 1.

Financial Statements

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (Unaudited)

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited)

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited)

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited)

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited)

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

28 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

40 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

40 

Part II

Other Information

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

40 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

40 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

43 

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

43 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

43 

Item 5.

Other Information

43 

Item 6.

Exhibits

43 

Exhibit Index

Signatures

2

Trinseo S.A.

Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021

Unless otherwise indicated or required by context, as used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (“Quarterly Report”), the term “Trinseo” refers to Trinseo S.A. (NYSE: TSE), a public limited liability company (société anonyme) existing under the laws of Luxembourg, and not its subsidiaries. The terms “Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to Trinseo and its consolidated subsidiaries, taken as a consolidated entity. All financial data provided in this Quarterly Report is the financial data of the Company, unless otherwise indicated. Prior to the formation of the Company, our business was wholly owned by The Dow Chemical Company (together with other affiliates, “Dow”).

Definitions of capitalized terms not defined herein appear within our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 (“Annual Report”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on February 22, 2021. The Company may distribute cash to shareholders under Luxembourg law via repayments of equity or an allocation of statutory profits. All distributions prior to 2020 were considered repayments of equity under Luxembourg law.

Cautionary Note on Forward-Looking Statements

This Quarterly Report contains forward-looking statements including, without limitation, statements concerning plans, objectives, goals, projections, strategies, future events or performance, and underlying assumptions and other statements, which are not statements of historical facts. Forward-looking statements may be identified by the use of words like “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “forecast,” ”estimate,” “see,” “outlook,” “will,” “may,” “might,” “potential,” “likely,” “target,” “plan,” “contemplate,” “seek,” “attempt,” “should,” “could,” “would,” or expressions of similar meaning. Forward-looking statements reflect management’s evaluation of information currently available and are based on our current expectations and assumptions regarding our business, the economy and other future conditions. Because forward-looking statements relate to the future, they are subject to inherent uncertainties, risks and changes in circumstances that are difficult to predict.

Specific factors that may impact performance or other predictions of future actions have, in many but not all cases, been identified in connection with specific forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause such a difference include, but are not limited to, those discussed in our Annual Report filed with the SEC on February 22, 2021 under Part I, Item IA— “Risk Factors,” within this Quarterly Report and in other filings and furnishings made by the Company with the SEC from time to time.

As a result of these or other factors, our actual results may differ materially from those contemplated by the forward-looking statements. They are neither statements of historical fact nor guarantees or assurances of future performance. Therefore, we caution you against relying on these forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements included in this Quarterly Report are made only as of the date hereof. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as otherwise required by law.

Available Information

Our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, are available free of charge through the Investor Relations section of our website, www.trinseo.com, as soon as reasonably practicable after the reports are electronically filed or furnished with the SEC. We provide this website and information contained in or connected to it for informational purposes only. That information is not a part of this Quarterly Report.

3

PART I —FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

TRINSEO S.A.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In millions, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

March 31, 

December 31, 

    

2021

2020

Assets

    

    

Current assets

Cash and cash equivalents

$

618.4

$

588.7

Restricted cash

450.0

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts (March 31, 2021: $4.9; December 31, 2020: $5.8)

 

657.8

 

529.2

Inventories

 

463.0

 

384.1

Other current assets

 

15.8

 

15.1

Total current assets

 

2,205.0

 

1,517.1

Investments in unconsolidated affiliates

 

248.1

 

240.1

Property, plant and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation (March 31, 2021: $823.5; December 31, 2020: $831.5)

570.2

601.4

Other assets

Goodwill

 

70.9

 

74.2

Other intangible assets, net

 

171.5

 

182.8

Right-of-use assets - operating, net

76.6

78.3

Deferred income tax assets

 

81.2

 

90.2

Deferred charges and other assets

 

56.6

 

61.1

Total other assets

 

456.8

 

486.6

Total assets

$

3,480.1

$

2,845.2

Liabilities and shareholders’ equity

Current liabilities

Short-term borrowings and current portion of long-term debt

$

13.7

$

12.3

Accounts payable

 

482.5

 

355.4

Current lease liabilities - operating

16.3

15.8

Income taxes payable

 

15.4

 

10.0

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

149.7

 

139.8

Total current liabilities

 

677.6

 

533.3

Noncurrent liabilities

Long-term debt, net of unamortized deferred financing fees

 

1,605.1

 

1,158.7

Noncurrent lease liabilities - operating

62.8

65.7

Deferred income tax liabilities

 

62.8

 

60.7

Other noncurrent obligations

 

395.5

 

436.5

Total noncurrent liabilities

 

2,126.2

 

1,721.6

Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)

Shareholders’ equity

Ordinary shares, $0.01 nominal value, 50,000.0 shares authorized (March 31, 2021: 48.8 shares issued and 38.7 shares outstanding; December 31, 2020: 48.8 shares issued and 38.4 shares outstanding)

0.5

0.5

Additional paid-in-capital

 

578.5

 

579.6

Treasury shares, at cost (March 31, 2021: 10.1 shares; December 31, 2020: 10.4 shares)

(530.0)

(542.9)

Retained earnings

 

807.3

 

739.2

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(180.0)

 

(186.1)

Total shareholders’ equity

 

676.3

 

590.3

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

$

3,480.1

$

2,845.2

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

4

TRINSEO S.A.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(In millions, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

 

2021

    

2020

    

 

Net sales

$

1,092.6

    

$

853.5

Cost of sales

 

890.6

 

783.8

Gross profit

 

202.0

 

69.7

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

62.6

 

77.5

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates

 

22.9

 

9.8

Impairment charges

38.3

Operating income (loss)

 

162.3

 

(36.3)

Interest expense, net

 

12.0

 

10.3

Acquisition purchase price hedge loss

 

55.0

 

Other expense, net

2.7

1.6

Income (loss) before income taxes

 

92.6

 

(48.2)

Provision for (benefit from) income taxes

 

21.1

 

(11.9)

Net income (loss)

$

71.5

$

(36.3)

Weighted average shares- basic

38.5

38.5

Net income (loss) per share- basic

$

1.86

$

(0.94)

Weighted average shares- diluted

 

39.5

 

38.5

Net income (loss) per share- diluted

$

1.81

$

(0.94)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

5

TRINSEO S.A.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)

(In millions)

(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

    

2021

    

2020

Net income (loss)

    

$

71.5

    

$

(36.3)

    

Other comprehensive income, net of tax:

Cumulative translation adjustments

0.4

 

10.7

Net gain (loss) on cash flow hedges

4.6

(3.7)

Pension and other postretirement benefit plans:

Net gain arising during period (net of tax of $0.0 and $0.1)

0.6

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income

1.1

0.6

Total other comprehensive income, net of tax

 

6.1

 

8.2

Comprehensive income (loss)

$

77.6

$

(28.1)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

6

TRINSEO S.A.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity

(In millions, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

    

Shares

    

Shareholders' Equity

  

Ordinary Shares Outstanding

Treasury Shares

  

Ordinary Shares

  

Additional
Paid-In Capital

  

Treasury Shares

  

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

  

Retained Earnings

  

Total

Balance at December 31, 2020

 

38.4

10.4

$

0.5

$

579.6

$

(542.9)

$

(186.1)

$

739.2

$

590.3

Net income

 

71.5

 

71.5

Other comprehensive income

 

6.1

 

6.1

Share-based compensation activity

 

0.3

(0.3)

(1.1)

12.9

 

11.8

Dividends on ordinary shares ($0.08 per share)

(3.4)

(3.4)

Balance at March 31, 2021

 

38.7

10.1

$

0.5

$

578.5

$

(530.0)

$

(180.0)

$

807.3

$

676.3

Balance at December 31, 2019

39.0

9.8

$

0.5

$

574.7

$

(524.9)

$

(162.4)

$

781.0

668.9

Net loss

 

(36.3)

 

(36.3)

Other comprehensive income

 

8.2

 

8.2

Share-based compensation activity

 

1.0

1.7

 

2.7

Purchase of treasury shares

(0.8)

0.8

(25.0)

(25.0)

Dividends on ordinary shares ($0.40 per share)

(15.5)

(15.5)

Balance at March 31, 2020

 

38.2

10.6

$

0.5

$

575.7

$

(548.2)

$

(154.2)

$

729.2

$

603.0

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

7

TRINSEO S.A.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(In millions)

(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

    

2021

    

2020

Cash flows from operating activities

    

    

    

    

    

Net income (loss)

$

71.5

$

(36.3)

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

Depreciation and amortization

 

32.9

 

36.4

Amortization of deferred financing fees, issuance discount, and excluded component of hedging instruments

 

1.2

 

0.4

Deferred income tax

 

6.6

 

(11.5)

Share-based compensation expense

 

3.5

 

3.2

Earnings of unconsolidated affiliates, net of dividends

 

(7.9)

 

(9.8)

Unrealized net gain on foreign exchange forward contracts

 

(21.8)

 

(11.5)

Acquisition purchase price hedge loss

55.0

Gain on sale of businesses and other assets

 

(0.2)

(0.4)

Asset impairment charges or write-offs

 

38.3

Changes in assets and liabilities

Accounts receivable

 

(138.8)

 

(12.7)

Inventories

 

(89.5)

 

26.8

Accounts payable and other current liabilities

 

114.9

 

(28.9)

Income taxes payable

 

4.9

 

(3.3)

Other assets, net

 

4.1

 

(6.9)

Other liabilities, net

 

14.6

 

10.4

Cash provided by (used in) operating activities

 

51.0

 

(5.8)

Cash flows from investing activities

Capital expenditures

 

(12.6)

 

(24.3)

Net cash received for asset and business acquisitions

0.2

Proceeds from the sale of businesses and other assets

 

 

11.6

Proceeds from the settlement of hedging instruments

51.6

Cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

(12.6)

 

39.1

Cash flows from financing activities

Deferred financing fees

 

(1.3)

 

Short-term borrowings, net

 

(2.8)

 

(3.5)

Purchase of treasury shares

(25.0)

Dividends paid

(3.3)

(15.9)

Proceeds from exercise of option awards

9.0

Withholding taxes paid on restricted share units

(0.8)

(0.6)

Repayments of 2024 Term Loan B

(1.7)

Net proceeds from issuance of 2029 Senior Notes

450.0

Cash provided by (used in) financing activities

 

450.8

 

(46.7)

Effect of exchange rates on cash

 

(9.5)

 

(2.7)

Net change in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash

 

479.7

 

(16.1)

Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash—beginning of period

 

588.7

 

457.4

Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash—end of period

$

1,068.4

$

441.3

Less: Restricted cash

(450.0)

(1.2)

Cash and cash equivalents—end of period

$

618.4

$

440.1

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

8

TRINSEO S.A.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Dollars in millions, unless otherwise stated)

(Unaudited)

NOTE 1—BASIS OF PRESENTATION

The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements of Trinseo S.A. and its subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of and for the periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 were prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and reflect all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, which, in the opinion of management, are considered necessary for the fair statement of the results for the periods presented. Because they cover interim periods, the statements and related notes to the financial statements do not include all disclosures normally provided in annual financial statements, and therefore, these statements should be read in conjunction with the 2020 audited consolidated financial statements included within the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K (“Annual Report”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on February 22, 2021. The Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements presented herein reflect the latest estimates and assumptions made by management that affect the reported amounts and related disclosures as of and for the period ended March 31, 2021. However, actual results could differ from these estimates and assumptions.

The December 31, 2020 condensed consolidated balance sheet data presented herein was derived from the Company’s December 31, 2020 audited consolidated financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by GAAP for annual periods.

Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation. These reclassifications pertain primarily to the Company’s resegmentation effective October 1, 2020. Refer to Notes 3 and 15 for further information.

NOTE 2—RECENT ACCOUNTING GUIDANCE

In December 2019, the FASB issued guidance that simplifies the accounting for income taxes. The amended guidance includes removal of certain exceptions to the general principles of Accounting Standards Codification 740, Income Taxes, and simplification in several other areas such as accounting for a franchise tax (or similar tax) that is partially based on income. The Company adopted the guidance effective January 1, 2021, noting that adoption did not have a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements.

NOTE 3—NET SALES

Refer to the Annual Report for information on the Company's accounting policies and further background related to its net sales.

The following table provides disclosure of net sales to external customers by primary geographical market (based on the location where sales originated), by segment for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020. Prior period balances in this table have been recast in conjunction with the resegmentation that occurred during the fourth quarter of 2020. Refer to Note 15 for further information.

9

Latex

Synthetic

Engineered

Base

 

Three Months Ended

Binders

Rubber

Materials

Plastics

Polystyrene

Feedstocks

Total

 

March 31, 2021

United States

$

67.8

$

$

10.3

$

62.5

$

$

3.4

$

144.0

Europe

 

117.5

 

111.5

 

21.0

 

197.9

 

149.3

 

52.5

 

649.7

Asia-Pacific

 

63.8

 

12.7

 

34.2

 

48.8

 

117.6

 

 

277.1

Rest of World

 

1.8

 

0.3

 

19.7

 

 

 

21.8

Total

$

250.9

$

124.2

$

65.8

$

328.9

$

266.9

$

55.9

$

1,092.6

March 31, 2020

United States

$

62.2

$

$

9.9

$

60.7

$

$

2.6

$

135.4

Europe

 

101.9

 

99.8

 

14.9

150.1

 

109.8

 

29.1

 

505.6

Asia-Pacific

 

52.3

 

1.9

 

22.9

26.8

 

73.0

 

13.1

190.0

Rest of World

 

2.7

 

19.8

 

 

 

22.5

Total

$

219.1

$

101.7

$

47.7

$

257.4

$

182.8

$

44.8

$

853.5

placeholder

NOTE 4—INVESTMENTS IN UNCONSOLIDATED AFFILIATES

The Company is currently supplemented by 1 joint venture, Americas Styrenics LLC (“Americas Styrenics,” a styrene and polystyrene joint venture with Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP), which is accounted for using the equity method. The results of Americas Styrenics are included within its own reporting segment.

Americas Styrenics is a privately held company; therefore, a quoted market price for its equity interests is not available. The summarized financial information of the Company’s unconsolidated affiliate is shown below.

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Three Months Ended

March 31, 

    

2021

    

2020

    

Sales

    

$

423.0

    

$

322.2

Gross profit

$

65.4

$

7.2

Net income (loss)

$

51.1

$

(8.3)

As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company’s investment in Americas Styrenics was $248.1 million and $240.1 million, respectively, which was $13.7 million and $16.3 million greater than the Company’s 50% share of the underlying net assets of Americas Styrenics, respectively. This amount represents the difference between the book value of assets contributed to the joint venture at the time of formation (May 1, 2008) and the Company’s 50% share of the total recorded value of the joint venture’s assets and certain adjustments to conform with the Company’s accounting policies. This difference is being amortized over the weighted average remaining useful life of the contributed assets of approximately 3.0 years as of March 31, 2021. The Company received dividends of $15.0 million from Americas Styrenics during the three months ended March 31, 2021, while 0 dividends were received during the three months ended March 31, 2020.

NOTE 5—INVENTORIES

Inventories consisted of the following:

March 31, 

December 31,

    

2021

2020

Finished goods

    

$

193.5

    

$

174.0

Raw materials and semi-finished goods

 

229.5

 

169.1

Supplies

 

40.0

 

41.0

Total

$

463.0

$

384.1

10

NOTE 6—DEBT

Refer to the Annual Report for definitions of capitalized terms not included herein and further background on the Company’s debt structure discussed below. The Company was in compliance with all debt related covenants as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020.

As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, debt consisted of the following:

March 31, 2021

December 31, 2020

   

Interest Rate as of
March 31, 2021

   

Maturity Date

   

Carrying Amount

   

Unamortized Deferred Financing Fees

    

Total Debt, Less Unamortized Deferred Financing Fees

   

Carrying Amount

   

Unamortized Deferred Financing Fees (1)

   

Total Debt, Less
Unamortized Deferred
Financing Fees

Senior Credit Facility

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2024 Term Loan B

2.109%

September 2024

$

677.3

$

(10.2)

$

667.1

$

677.3

$

(10.8)

$

666.5

2022 Revolving Facility(2)

Various

September 2022

2029 Senior Notes

5.125%

April 2029

450.0

(2.2)

447.8

2025 Senior Notes

5.375%

September 2025

500.0

(5.9)

494.1

500.0

(6.2)

493.8

Accounts Receivable Securitization Facility(3)

Various

September 2021

0

0

0

0

0

0

Other indebtedness

Various

Various

9.8

9.8

10.7

10.7

Total debt

$

1,637.1

$

(18.3)

$

1,618.8

$

1,188.0

$

(17.0)

$

1,171.0

Less: current portion(4)

(13.7)

(12.3)

Total long-term debt, net of unamortized deferred financing fees

$

1,605.1

$

1,158.7

(1)This caption does not include deferred financing fees related to the Company’s revolving facilities, which are included within “Deferred charges and other assets” on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
(2)As of March 31, 2021, under the 2022 Revolving Facility, the Company had a capacity of $375.0 million and funds available for borrowing of $360.0 million (net of $15.0 million outstanding letters of credit). Additionally, the Company is required to pay a quarterly commitment fee in respect of any unused commitments under this facility equal to 0.375% per annum.
(3)As of March 31, 2021, this facility had a borrowing capacity of $150.0 million, and the Company had approximately $150.0 million of accounts receivable available to support this facility, based on the pool of eligible accounts receivable. In regard to outstanding borrowings, fixed interest charges are 1.95% plus variable commercial paper rates, while for available, but undrawn commitments, fixed interest charges are 1.00%.
(4)As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the current portion of long-term debt was primarily related to $8.7 million and $7.0 million, respectively, of the scheduled future principal payments on the 2024 Term Loan B.

2029 Senior Notes

On March 24, 2021, Trinseo Materials Operating S.C.A. and Trinseo Materials Finance, Inc. (together, the “Issuers”), each an indirect, wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, executed an indenture pursuant to which they issued $450.0 million aggregate principal amount of 5.125% senior notes due 2029 (the “2029 Senior Notes”) in a 144A private transaction exempt from the registration requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. Interest on the 2029 Senior Notes is payable semi-annually on February 15 and August 15 of each year, commencing on August 15, 2021. The 2029 Senior Notes mature on April 1, 2029. The net proceeds from the 2029 Senior Notes offering were used as a portion of the funding needed for the Company’s acquisition (the “Acquisition”) of the Arkema S.A. (“Arkema”) polymethyl methacrylates (“PMMA”) and activated methyl methacrylates (“MMA”) businesses (together, referred to herein as the “PMMA business”), in addition to fees and expenses related to the offering and the Acquisition. Pending consummation of the Acquisition, the $450.0 million gross proceeds from the 2029 Senior Notes offering were deposited into a segregated escrow account for the benefit of the holders of the 2029 Senior Notes, which was included within “Restricted cash” on the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2021. The gross proceeds from the 2029

11

Senior Notes offering were released upon satisfaction of certain escrow release conditions, including closing of the Acquisition, which was completed on May 3, 2021. 

At any time prior to April 1, 2024, the Issuers may redeem the 2029 Senior Notes in whole or in part, at their option, at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount of such notes plus the relevant applicable premium as of, and accrued and unpaid interest to, but not including, the redemption date. At any time and from time to time after April 1, 2024, the Issuers may redeem the 2029 Senior Notes, in whole or in part, at a redemption price equal to the percentage of principal amount set forth below plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, on the notes redeemed to, but not including, the redemption date:

12-month period commencing April 1 in Year 

Percentage

2024

 

102.563

%  

2025

 

101.281

%  

2026 and thereafter

 

100.000

%  

At any time prior to April 1, 2024, the Issuers may redeem up to 40% of the aggregate principal amount of the 2029 Senior Notes at a redemption price equal to 105.125%, plus accrued and unpaid interest to, but not including, the redemption date, with the aggregate gross proceeds from certain equity offerings. 

The 2029 Senior Notes are the Issuers’ senior unsecured obligations and rank equally in right of payment with all of the Issuers’ existing and future indebtedness that is not expressly subordinated in right of payment thereto. The 2029 Senior Notes will be senior in right of payment to any future indebtedness that is expressly subordinated in right of payment thereto and effectively junior to (a) the Issuers’ existing and future secured indebtedness, including the Company’s accounts receivable facility and the Issuers’ Credit Facility, to the extent of the value of the collateral securing such indebtedness and (b) all existing and future liabilities of the Issuers’ non-guarantor subsidiaries. 

The Indenture contains customary covenants, including restrictions on the Issuers’ and certain of its subsidiaries’ ability to incur additional indebtedness and guarantee indebtedness; pay dividends on, redeem or repurchase capital stock; make investments; prepay certain indebtedness; create liens; enter into transactions with the Issuers’ affiliates; designate the Issuers’ subsidiaries as Unrestricted Subsidiaries (as defined in the Indenture); and consolidate, merge, or transfer all or substantially all of the Issuers’ assets. The covenants are subject to a number of exceptions and qualifications. Certain of these covenants, excluding without limitation those relating to transactions with the Issuers’ affiliates and consolidation, merger, or transfer of all or substantially all of the Issuers’ assets, will be suspended during any period of time that (1) the 2029 Senior Notes have Investment Grade Status (as defined in the Indenture) and (2) no default has occurred and is continuing under the Indenture. In the event that the 2029 Senior Notes are downgraded to below an Investment Grade Status, the Issuers and certain subsidiaries will again be subject to the suspended covenants with respect to future events. As of March 31, 2021, the Company was in compliance with all debt covenant requirements under the Indenture.

As of March 31, 2021, fees and expenses incurred in connection with the issuance of the 2029 Senior Notes were $2.2 million, which were capitalized and recorded within “Long-term debt, net of unamortized deferred financing fees” on the condensed consolidated balance sheet, and are being amortized into “Interest expense, net” in the condensed consolidated statements of operations over their eight year term using the effective interest method.

In addition to proceeds from the 2029 Senior Notes, the remainder of the purchase price of the Acquisition was funded with $750.0 million in incremental term loan borrowings (“2028 Term Loan B”) entered into on May 3, 2021 under the Company’s existing senior secured credit facility, and available cash. The 2028 Term Loan B bears an interest rate of the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) plus 2.50%, subject to a 0.00% LIBOR floor, and matures in May 2028. Concurrent with the closing of the Acquisition on May 3, 2021, the Company also extended the term of its 2022 Revolving Facility through May 2026.

12

NOTE 7—GOODWILL

The following table shows changes in the carrying amount of goodwill, by segment, from December 31, 2020 to March 31, 2021:

Latex

Synthetic

Engineered

Base

Americas

 

    

Binders

    

Rubber

Materials

    

Plastics

    

Polystyrene

    

Feedstocks

    

Styrenics

    

Total

 

Balance at December 31, 2020

$

17.1

$

12.1

$

16.0

$

24.2

$

4.8

$

$

$

74.2

Foreign currency impact

 

(0.8)

(0.5)

(0.7)

(1.1)

(0.2)

 

(3.3)

Balance at March 31, 2021

$

16.3

$

11.6

$

15.3

$

23.1

$

4.6

$

$

$

70.9

NOTE 8—DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS

The Company’s ongoing business operations expose it to various risks, including fluctuating foreign exchange rates and interest rate risk. To manage these risks, the Company periodically enters into derivative financial instruments, such as foreign exchange forward contracts and interest rate swap agreements. The Company does not hold or enter into financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes. All derivatives are recorded on the condensed consolidated balance sheets at fair value.

Foreign Exchange Forward Contracts

Certain subsidiaries have assets and liabilities denominated in currencies other than their respective functional currencies, which creates foreign exchange risk. The Company’s principal strategy in managing its exposure to changes in foreign currency exchange rates is to naturally hedge the foreign currency-denominated liabilities on its balance sheet against corresponding assets of the same currency, such that any changes in liabilities due to fluctuations in exchange rates are offset by changes in their corresponding foreign currency assets. In order to further reduce this exposure, the Company also uses foreign exchange forward contracts to economically hedge the impact of the variability in exchange rates on assets and liabilities denominated in certain foreign currencies. The Company entered into a specific such foreign exchange forward contract in December 2020 in order to economically hedge the euro-denominated purchase price of the Arkema PMMA business, which was acquired on May 3, 2021, as discussed in Note 14. These derivative contracts are not designated for hedge accounting treatment.

As of March 31, 2021, the Company had open foreign exchange forward contracts with a notional U.S. dollar equivalent absolute value of $819.0 million. The following table displays the notional amounts of the most significant net foreign exchange hedge positions outstanding as of March 31, 2021:

March 31, 

Buy / (Sell) 

    

2021

Euro (1)

$

665.2

Chinese Yuan

$

(53.9)

Swiss Franc

$

27.9

New Taiwan Dollar

$

20.4

Indonesian Rupiah

$

(12.6)

(1)Amount includes $1.2 billion of notional for the forward currency hedge arrangement on the euro-denominated purchase price of the Arkema PMMA business, offset by $0.5 billion of notional for foreign currency hedges to sell euros.

Open foreign exchange forward contracts as of March 31, 2021 had maturities occurring over a period of three

13

months.

Foreign Exchange Cash Flow Hedges

The Company also enters into forward contracts with the objective of managing the currency risk associated with forecasted U.S. dollar-denominated raw materials purchases by 1 of its subsidiaries whose functional currency is the euro. By entering into these forward contracts, which are designated as cash flow hedges, the Company buys a designated amount of U.S. dollars and sells euros at the prevailing market rate to mitigate the risk associated with the fluctuations in the euro-to-U.S. dollar foreign currency exchange rates. The qualifying hedge contracts are marked-to-market at each reporting date and any unrealized gains or losses are included in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (“AOCI”) to the extent effective, and reclassified to cost of sales in the period during which the transaction affects earnings or it becomes probable that the forecasted transaction will not occur.

Open foreign exchange cash flow hedges as of March 31, 2021 had maturities occurring over a period of nine months, and had a net notional U.S. dollar equivalent of $72.0 million.

Interest Rate Swaps

On September 6, 2017, the Company issued the 2024 Term Loan B, which currently bears an interest rate of LIBOR plus 2.00%, subject to a 0.00% LIBOR floor. In order to reduce the variability in interest payments associated with the Company’s variable rate debt, during 2017 the Company entered into certain interest rate swap agreements to convert a portion of these variable rate borrowings into a fixed rate obligation. These interest rate swap agreements are designated as cash flow hedges, and as such, the contracts are marked-to-market at each reporting date and any unrealized gains or losses are included in AOCI to the extent effective, and reclassified to interest expense in the period during which the transaction affects earnings or it becomes probable that the forecasted transaction will not occur.

As of March 31, 2021, the Company had open interest rate swap agreements with a net notional U.S. dollar equivalent of $200.0 million which had an effective date of September 29, 2017 and mature in September 2022. Under the terms of the swap agreements, the Company is required to pay the counterparties a stream of fixed interest payments at a rate of 1.81%, and in turn, receives variable interest payments based on 1-month LIBOR (0.11% as of March 31, 2021) from the counterparties.

Net Investment Hedge

The Company accounts for its cross currency swaps (“CCS”) under the spot method, meaning that changes in the fair value of the hedge included in the assessment of effectiveness (changes due to spot foreign exchange rates) are recorded within AOCI, where they remain until either the sale or substantially complete liquidation of the subsidiary subject to the hedge. Additionally, the initial value of any component excluded from the assessment of effectiveness is recognized in income using a systematic and rational method over the life of the hedging instrument and any difference between the change in the fair value of the excluded component and amounts recognized in income under that systematic and rational method is recognized in AOCI. The Company amortizes any initial excluded component value of a CCS as a reduction of “Interest expense, net” in the condensed consolidated statements of operations using the straight-line method over the remaining term of the related CCS. Additionally, interest receipts and payments are accrued under the terms of the Company’s CCS and are recognized within “Interest expense, net” in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

The Company entered into a CCS arrangement (the “2017 CCS”) on September 1, 2017, swapping U.S. dollar principal and interest payments of $500.0 million at an interest rate of 5.375% on its 2025 Senior Notes for euro-denominated payments of €420.0 million at a weighted average interest rate of 3.45% for approximately five years. The 2017 CCS was initially designated under the forward method and then redesignated under the spot method effective April 1, 2018. At the time of redesignation, the 2017 CCS had a cumulative foreign currency translation loss in AOCI of $38.0 million. The excluded component value related to the 2017 CCS at April 1, 2018 was $23.6 million, which was being amortized over its remaining term. On February 26, 2020, the Company settled its 2017 CCS and replaced it with a new CCS arrangement (the “2020 CCS”) that carried substantially the same terms as the 2017 CCS. Upon settlement of the 2017 CCS, the Company realized net cash proceeds of $51.6 million. The remaining $13.8 million unamortized balance of the initial excluded component related to the 2017 CCS at the time of settlement will remain in AOCI until either the sale or substantially complete liquidation of the relevant subsidiaries. Under the 2020 CCS, the Company

14

notionally exchanged $500.0 million at an interest rate of 5.375% for €459.3 million at a weighted average interest rate of 3.672% for approximately 2.7 years, with a final maturity of November 3, 2022. The cash flows under the 2020 CCS are aligned with the Company’s principal and interest obligations on its 5.375% 2025 Senior Notes.

Summary of Derivative Instruments

The following table presents the effect of the Company’s derivative instruments, including those not designated for hedge accounting treatment, on the condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020:

Location and Amount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in
Statements of Operations

Three Months Ended

Three Months Ended

March 31, 2021

March 31, 2020

  

Cost of
sales

  

Interest expense, net

Acquisition purchase price hedge loss

Other expense, net

  

Cost of
sales

  

Interest expense, net

Acquisition purchase price hedge loss

Other expense, net

  

Total amount of income and (expense) line items presented in the statements of operations in which the effects of derivative instruments are recorded

$

(890.6)

$

(12.0)

$

(55.0)

$

(2.7)

$

(783.8)

$

(10.3)

$

$

(1.6)

Effects of cash flow hedge instruments:

Foreign exchange cash flow hedges

Amount of gain (loss) reclassified from AOCI into income

$

(0.3)

$

$

$

$

0.2

$

$

$

Interest rate swaps

Amount of loss reclassified from AOCI into income

$

$

(0.8)

$

$

$

$

(0.1)

$

$

Effects of net investment hedge instruments:

Cross currency swaps

Amount of gain excluded from effectiveness testing (1)

$

$

1.9

$

$

$

$

3.4

$

$

Effects of derivatives not designated as hedge instruments:

Foreign exchange forward contracts

Amount of gain (loss) recognized in income (2)

$

$

$

(55.0)

$

19.7

$

$

$

$

13.8

(1)Amount for the three months ended March 31, 2020 represents both the 2017 CCS through its settlement on February 26, 2020 and the 2020 CCS from when it was entered into on February 26, 2020 through March 31, 2021.
(2)The $55.0 million loss incurred from the change in fair value of the forward currency hedge arrangement on the euro-denominated purchase price of the Arkema PMMA business during the three months ended March 31, 2021 is presented separately in the condensed consolidated statements of operations from the gains recorded on the Company’s other foreign exchange forward contracts.

15

The following table presents the effect of cash flow and net investment hedge accounting on AOCI for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020:

`

Gain (Loss) Recognized in AOCI on Balance Sheet

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

2021

2020

Designated as Cash Flow Hedges

Foreign exchange cash flow hedges

  

$

3.7

  

$

2.1

Interest rate swaps

0.9

(5.8)

Total

$

4.6

$

(3.7)

Designated as Net Investment Hedges

Cross currency swaps (CCS) (1)

$

26.2

$

22.9

Total

$

26.2

$

22.9

(1)Amount for the three months ended March 31, 2020 represents both the 2017 CCS through its settlement on February 26, 2020 and the 2020 CCS from when it was entered into on February 26, 2020 through March 31, 2020.

The Company recorded gains of $19.7 million and $13.8 million during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, from settlements and changes in the fair value of outstanding forward contracts (not designated as hedges), not including the loss of $55.0 million recorded from the change in fair value of the forward currency hedge arrangement on the euro-denominated purchase price of the Arkema PMMA business during the three months ended March 31, 2021. The gains from the Company’s forward contracts offset net foreign exchange transaction losses of $19.9 million and $14.0 million during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, which resulted from the re-measurement of the Company’s foreign currency-denominated assets and liabilities. The cash settlements of these foreign exchange forward contracts are included within operating activities in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows.

The Company expects to reclassify in the next twelve months an approximate $1.7 million net loss from AOCI into earnings related to the Company’s outstanding foreign exchange cash flow hedges and interest rate swaps as of March 31, 2021 based on current foreign exchange rates.

The following tables summarize the gross and net unrealized gains and losses, as well as the balance sheet classification, of outstanding derivatives recorded in the condensed consolidated balance sheets:

March 31, 2021

   

Foreign

Foreign

Exchange

Exchange

Interest

Cross

Balance Sheet

Forward

Cash Flow

Rate

Currency

Classification

    

Contracts

Hedges

Swaps

Swaps

Total

Asset Derivatives:

Accounts receivable, net of allowance

$

16.1

$

1.6

$

$

4.1

$

21.8

Deferred charges and other assets

Gross derivative asset position

16.1

1.6

4.1

21.8

Less: Counterparty netting

(7.3)

(7.3)

Net derivative asset position

$

8.8

$

1.6

$

$

4.1

$

14.5

Liability Derivatives:

Accounts payable (1)

$

(49.5)

$

$

(3.3)

$

$

(52.8)

Other noncurrent obligations

(1.6)

(39.4)

(41.0)

Gross derivative liability position

(49.5)

(4.9)

(39.4)

(93.8)

Less: Counterparty netting

7.3

7.3

Net derivative liability position

$

(42.2)

$

$

(4.9)

$

(39.4)

$

(86.5)

Total net derivative position

$

(33.4)

$

1.6

$

(4.9)

$

(35.3)

$

(72.0)

16

December 31, 2020

   

Foreign

Foreign

 

Exchange

Exchange

Interest

Cross

Balance Sheet

Forward

Cash Flow

Rate

Currency

 

Classification

    

Contracts

    

Hedges

    

Swaps

    

Swaps

    

Total

     

Asset Derivatives:

Accounts receivable, net of allowance (1)

$

8.2

$

$

$

5.0

$

13.2

Deferred charges and other assets

Gross derivative asset position

8.2

5.0

13.2

Less: Counterparty netting

(6.5)

(6.5)

Net derivative asset position

$

1.7

$

$

$

5.0

$

6.7

Liability Derivatives:

Accounts payable

$

(8.3)

$

(2.1)

$

(3.4)

$

$

(13.8)

Other noncurrent obligations

(2.5)

(66.5)

(69.0)

Gross derivative liability position

(8.3)

(2.1)

(5.9)

(66.5)

(82.8)

Less: Counterparty netting

6.5

6.5

Net derivative liability position

$

(1.8)

$

(2.1)

$

(5.9)

$

(66.5)

$

(76.3)

Total net derivative position

$

(0.1)

$

(2.1)

$

(5.9)

$

(61.5)

$

(69.6)

(1)Balances as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 include a $47.7 million payable and a $7.3 million receivable, respectively, representing the fair value of the forward currency hedge arrangement on the euro-denominated purchase price of the Arkema PMMA business.

Forward contracts, interest rate swaps, and cross currency swaps are entered into with a limited number of counterparties, each of which allows for net settlement of all contracts through a single payment in a single currency in the event of a default on or termination of any one contract. As such, in accordance with the Company’s accounting policy, these derivative instruments are recorded on a net basis by counterparty within the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Refer to Notes 9 and 17 of the condensed consolidated financial statements for further information regarding the fair value of the Company’s derivative instruments and the related changes in AOCI.

NOTE 9—FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Assets and liabilities measured at fair value are classified using the following hierarchy, which is based upon the transparency of inputs to the valuation as of the measurement date.

Level 1—Valuation is based upon quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.

Level 2—Valuation is based upon quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, or other inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the financial instrument.

Level 3—Valuation is based upon other unobservable inputs that are significant to the fair value measurement.

17

The following table summarizes the basis used to measure certain assets and liabilities at fair value on a recurring basis in the condensed consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020:

March 31, 2021

 

Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Items

Significant Other Observable Inputs

Significant Unobservable Inputs

 

Assets (Liabilities) at Fair Value

    

(Level 1)

    

(Level 2)

    

(Level 3)

    

Total

 

Foreign exchange forward contracts—Assets

    

$

    

$

8.8

    

$

    

$

8.8

Foreign exchange forward contracts—(Liabilities)

 

 

(42.2)

 

 

(42.2)

Foreign exchange cash flow hedges—Assets

1.6

1.6

Interest rate swaps—(Liabilities)

(4.9)

(4.9)

Cross currency swaps—Assets

4.1

4.1

Cross currency swaps—(Liabilities)

(39.4)

(39.4)

Total fair value

$

$

(72.0)

$

$

(72.0)

December 31, 2020

 

Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Items

Significant Other Observable Inputs

Significant Unobservable Inputs

 

Assets (Liabilities) at Fair Value

    

(Level 1)

    

(Level 2)

    

(Level 3)

    

Total

 

Foreign exchange forward contracts—Assets

$

    

$

1.7

    

$

    

$

1.7

Foreign exchange forward contracts—(Liabilities)

(1.8)

(1.8)

Foreign exchange cash flow hedges—(Liabilities)

(2.1)

(2.1)

Interest rate swaps—(Liabilities)

(5.9)

(5.9)

Cross currency swaps—Assets

5.0

5.0

Cross currency swaps—(Liabilities)

(66.5)

(66.5)

Total fair value

$

$

(69.6)

$

$

(69.6)

The Company uses an income approach to value its derivative instruments, utilizing discounted cash flow techniques, considering the terms of the contract and observable market information available as of the reporting date, such as interest rate yield curves and currency spot and forward rates. Significant inputs to the valuation for these derivative instruments are obtained from broker quotations or from listed or over-the-counter market data, and are classified as Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy.

18

Nonrecurring Fair Value Measurements

There were no financial assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis during the three months ended March 31, 2021. The Company measured certain financial assets at fair value on a nonrecurring basis during the year ended December 31, 2020, which were still held as of March 31, 2021. These financial assets represent the Company’s styrene monomer assets in Boehlen, Germany, which it continues to operate, and its polybutadiene rubber (“PBR,” specifically nickel and neodymium PBR) assets in Schkopau, Germany, which were mothballed in 2020. These assets were measured at fair value using underlying fixed asset records in conjunction with the use of industry experience and available market data, which are classified as Level 3 significant unobservable inputs in the fair value hierarchy. As a result of the fair value measurements performed, the Company recorded impairment charges on the Boehlen styrene monomer assets and the Schkopau PBR assets of $10.3 million and $28.0 million, respectively, during the first quarter of 2020. Refer to the Company’s Annual Report for further information. As of March 31, 2021 and December 30, 2020, the value of the Boehlen styrene monomer assets was $3.5 million and $3.7 million, respectively, and the value of the Schkopau PBR assets was $1.5 million and $1.6 million, respectively, which are included in the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets herein.

There were no other financial assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis as of December 31, 2020.

Fair Value of Debt Instruments

The following table presents the estimated fair value of the Company’s outstanding debt not carried at fair value as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020:

    

As of

As of

 

    

March 31, 2021

    

December 31, 2020

 

2029 Senior Notes

$

463.0

$

2025 Senior Notes

514.1

513.5

2024 Term Loan B

673.1

674.0

Total fair value

$

1,650.2

$

1,187.5

The fair value of the Company’s debt facilities above (each Level 2 securities) is determined using over-the-counter market quotes and benchmark yields received from independent vendors.

There were no other significant financial instruments outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020.

NOTE 10—PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

    

2021

    

2020

 

Effective income tax rate

22.8

%  

24.6

%

Provision for income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2021 totaled $21.1 million, resulting in an effective tax rate of 22.8%. Benefit from income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2020 totaled $11.9 million, resulting in an effective tax rate of 24.6%.

The effective tax rate for 2020 was impacted by the tax benefit related to the impairment charges recorded during the period related to the Company’s assets in Boehlen and Schkopau, Germany. Refer to Note 9 for further information.

NOTE 11—COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Environmental Matters

Accruals for environmental matters are recorded when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the liability can be reasonably estimated based on current law, existing technologies and other information. Pursuant to the terms of the agreement associated with the Company’s formation, the pre-closing environmental

19

liabilities were retained by Dow, and Dow agreed, subject to temporal, monetary, and other limitations to indemnify the Company from and against environmental liabilities incurred or relating to the predecessor periods. NaN environmental claims have been asserted or threatened against the Company, and the Company is not a potentially responsible party at any Superfund Sites. As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had 0 accrued obligations for environmental remediation or restoration costs.

Inherent uncertainties exist in the Company’s potential environmental liabilities primarily due to unknown conditions, whether future claims may fall outside the scope of the indemnity, changing governmental regulations and legal standards regarding liability, and evolving technologies for handling site remediation and restoration. In connection with the Company’s existing indemnification, the possibility is considered remote that environmental remediation costs will have a material adverse impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements over the next 12 months.

Purchase Commitments

In the normal course of business, the Company has certain raw material purchase contracts where it is required to purchase certain minimum volumes at current market prices. These commitments range from one to seven years. In certain raw material purchase contracts, the Company has the right to purchase less than the required minimums and pay a liquidated damages fee, or, in case of a permanent plant shutdown, to terminate the contracts. In such cases, these obligations would be less than the annual commitment as disclosed in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in the Annual Report.

Litigation Matters

From time to time, the Company may be subject to various legal claims and proceedings incidental to the normal conduct of business, relating to such matters as employees, product liability, antitrust/competition, past waste disposal practices and release of chemicals into the environment. While it is impossible at this time to determine with certainty the ultimate outcome of these routine claims, the Company does not believe that the ultimate resolution of these claims will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s results of operations, financial condition or cash flow. Legal costs, including those legal costs expected to be incurred in connection with a loss contingency, are expensed as incurred.

European Commission Request for Information

On June 6, 2018, Trinseo Europe GmbH, a subsidiary of the Company, received a Request for Information in the form of a letter from the European Commission Directorate General for Competition (the “European Commission”) related to styrene monomer commercial activity in the European Economic Area. The Company subsequently commenced an internal investigation into these commercial activities and discovered instances of inappropriate activity.

On October 28, 2019, a supplemental request for information was received from the European Commission. This request was limited to historical employment, entity, and organizational structures, along with certain financial, styrene purchasing, and styrene market information, as well as certain spot styrene purchase contracts. The Company has provided this information and continues to fully cooperate with the European Commission.

The proceedings with the European Commission continue and its outcome remains open. Based on its findings, the European Commission may decide to: (i) require further information; (ii) conduct unannounced raids of the Company’s premises; (iii) adopt a decision imposing fines, and/or request certain behavioral or structural commitments from the Company; or (iv) in view of defense arguments by the Company close the proceedings. As a result of the above factors, the Company is unable to predict the ultimate outcome of this matter or estimate the range of reasonably possible losses that could be incurred. However, any potential losses incurred could be material to the Company’s results of operations, balance sheet, and cash flows for the period in which they are resolved or become probable and reasonably estimable.

20

NOTE 12—PENSION PLANS AND OTHER POSTRETIREMENT BENEFITS

The components of net periodic benefit costs for all significant plans were as follows:

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

    

2021

    

2020

 

Defined Benefit Pension Plans

Service cost

    

$

5.4

$

4.3

Interest cost

 

0.5

 

0.8

Expected return on plan assets

 

(0.1)

 

(0.3)

Amortization of prior service credit

 

(0.2)

 

(0.3)

Amortization of net loss

 

1.8

 

1.2

Net periodic benefit cost

$

7.4

$

5.7

The Company had less than $0.1 million of net periodic benefit costs for its other postretirement plans for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

Service cost related to the Company’s defined benefit pension plans and other postretirement plans is included within “Cost of sales” and “Selling, general and administrative expenses,” whereas all other components of net periodic benefit cost are included within “Other expense, net” in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company’s benefit obligations included primarily in “Other noncurrent obligations” in the condensed consolidated balance sheets were $326.0 million and $337.5 million, respectively.

The Company made cash contributions and benefit payments to unfunded plans of approximately $1.6 million during the three months ended March 31, 2021. The Company expects to make additional cash contributions, including benefit payments to unfunded plans, of approximately $4.7 million to its defined benefit plans for the remainder of 2021.

NOTE 13—SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION

Refer to the Annual Report for definitions of capitalized terms not included herein and further background on the Company’s share-based compensation programs included in the tables below.

The following table summarizes the Company’s share-based compensation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, as well as unrecognized compensation cost as of March 31, 2021:

As of

Three Months Ended

March 31, 2021

March 31, 

Unrecognized

Weighted

  

2021

  

2020

  

Compensation Cost

  

Average Years

RSUs

$

1.8

$

1.7

$

12.9

2.2

Options

1.2

1.0

3.9

1.5

PSUs

0.5

0.5

5.0

2.3

Total share-based compensation expense

$

3.5

$

3.2

The following table summarizes awards granted and the respective weighted average grant date fair value for the

21

three months ended March 31, 2021:

Three Months Ended

March 31, 2021

Awards Granted

Weighted Average Grant Date Fair Value per Award

RSUs

109,748

$

61.11

Options

161,769

23.04

PSUs

49,463

61.06

Option Awards

The following are the weighted average assumptions used within the Black-Scholes pricing model for the Company’s option awards granted during the three months ended March 31, 2021:

Three Months Ended

    

March 31, 2021

Expected term (in years)

 

5.50

Expected volatility

 

48.76

%

Risk-free interest rate

 

0.64

%

Dividend yield

1.75

%  

The expected volatility assumption is determined based on the historical volatility of the Company’s publicly traded ordinary shares. The expected term of option awards represents the period of time that option awards granted are expected to be outstanding. For the option awards granted during the three months ended March 31, 2021, the simplified method was used to calculate the expected term, given the Company’s limited historical exercise data. The risk-free interest rate for the periods within the expected term of option awards is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant. The dividend yield is estimated based on historical and expected dividend activity.

Performance Share Units (PSUs)

The following are the weighted average assumptions used within the Monte Carlo valuation model for PSUs granted during the three months ended March 31, 2021:

Three Months Ended

March 31, 2021

Expected term (in years)

3.00

Expected volatility

 

58.00

%

Risk-free interest rate

 

0.20

%

Share price

$

61.06

Determining the fair value of PSUs requires considerable judgment, including estimating the expected volatility of the price of the Company’s ordinary shares, the correlation between the Company’s share price and that of its peer companies, and the expected rate of interest. The expected volatility for each grant is determined based on the historical volatility of the Company’s ordinary shares. The expected term of PSUs represents the length of the performance period. The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant for a duration equivalent to the performance period. The share price is the closing price of the Company’s ordinary shares on the grant date.

22

NOTE 14—ACQUISITIONS AND DIVESTITURES

Acquisition of the Arkema PMMA Business

On March 19, 2021, pursuant to the terms of the Put Option Agreement the Company entered into with Arkema on December 14, 2020 to acquire Arkema’s PMMA business, as described in the Annual Report, and following Arkema’s exercise of its put option right under the Put Option Agreement on March 17, 2021, the Company and Arkema entered into a securities purchase agreement (the “SPA”) relating to the transfer of the PMMA business, and a warranty agreement relating thereto. Pursuant to the SPA, the Company agreed to acquire the PMMA business from Arkema for an initial purchase price of €1.137 billion (approximately $1.36 billion), subject to customary working capital and other closing adjustments. PMMA is a transparent and rigid plastic with a wide range of end uses, and is an attractive adjacent chemistry which complements Trinseo’s existing offerings across several end markets including automotive, building & construction, medical and consumer electronics.

The Acquisition closed on May 3, 2021 and was funded using the net proceeds from the Company’s new financing arrangements, including $450.0 million from its 2029 Senior Notes issued on March 24, 2021 and $750.0 million of incremental term loan borrowings under the 2028 Term Loan B entered into in conjunction with closing of the transaction, as well as available cash. Refer to Note 6 for further information on the financing arrangements used to fund the Acquisition.

NOTE 15—SEGMENTS

As discussed in the Annual Report, the Company realigned its reporting segments effective October 1, 2020, as a result of which the Company’s former Performance Plastics segment was reorganized into 2 standalone reporting segments: Engineered Materials and Base Plastics. There were no changes to the Company’s remaining 5 segments. Refer to the Annual Report for further information on the resegmentation. The information in the tables below has been retroactively adjusted to reflect the changes in reporting segments.

The Latex Binders segment produces styrene-butadiene latex (“SB latex”) and other latex polymers and binders, primarily for coated paper and packaging board, carpet and artificial turf backings, as well as a number of performance latex binders applications, such as adhesive, building and construction and the technical textile paper market. The Synthetic Rubber segment produces synthetic rubber products used predominantly in high-performance tires, impact modifiers and technical rubber products, such as conveyer belts, hoses, seals and gaskets. The Engineered Materials segment includes the Company’s compounds and blends products sold into higher growth and value applications, such as consumer electronics and medical, as well as the Company’s thermoplastic elastomers (“TPEs”) products which are sold into a variety of applications including footwear and automotive. The Base Plastics segment contains the results of the acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (“ABS”), styrene-acrylonitrile (“SAN”), and polycarbonate (“PC”) businesses, as well as compounds and blends for automotive and other applications. The Polystyrene segment includes a variety of general purpose polystyrenes (“GPPS”) and polystyrene that has been modified with polybutadiene rubber to increase its impact resistant properties (“HIPS”). The Feedstocks segment includes the Company’s production and procurement of styrene monomer outside of North America, which is used as a key raw material in many of the Company’s products, including polystyrene, SB latex, ABS resins, and solution styrene-butadiene rubber (“SSBR”). Lastly, the Americas Styrenics segment consists solely of the operations of the Company’s 50%-owned joint venture, Americas Styrenics, a producer of both styrene monomer and polystyrene in North America.

The following table provides disclosure of the Company’s segment Adjusted EBITDA, which is used to measure segment operating performance and is defined below, for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020. Asset and intersegment sales information by reporting segment is not regularly reviewed or included with the Company’s reporting

23

to the chief operating decision maker. Therefore, this information has not been disclosed below. Refer to Note 3 for the Company’s net sales to external customers by segment for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

Latex

Synthetic

Engineered

Base

Americas

 

Three Months Ended (1)

Binders

Rubber

Materials

Plastics

Polystyrene

Feedstocks

Styrenics

 

March 31, 2021

  

$

17.7

  

$

14.2

  

$

8.1

$

66.1

$

47.7

  

$

46.6

  

$

22.9

March 31, 2020

$

21.5

$

15.3

$

8.2

$

28.5

$

11.8

$

(16.2)

$

9.8

(1)

The Company’s primary measure of segment operating performance is Adjusted EBITDA, which is defined as income from continuing operations before interest expense, net; provision for income taxes; depreciation and amortization expense; loss on extinguishment of long-term debt; asset impairment charges; gains or losses on the dispositions of businesses and assets; restructuring charges; acquisition related costs and benefits and other items. Segment Adjusted EBITDA is a key metric that is used by management to evaluate business performance in comparison to budgets, forecasts, and prior year financial results, providing a measure that management believes reflects core operating performance by removing the impact of transactions and events that would not be considered a part of core operations. Other companies in the industry may define segment Adjusted EBITDA differently than the Company, and as a result, it may be difficult to use segment Adjusted EBITDA, or similarly named financial measures, that other companies may use to compare the performance of those companies to the Company’s segment performance.

The reconciliation of income before income taxes to segment Adjusted EBITDA is as follows:

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

    

2021

    

2020

    

Income (loss) before income taxes

$

92.6

$

(48.2)

Interest expense, net

 

12.0

 

10.3

Depreciation and amortization

32.9

 

36.4

Corporate Unallocated(2)

22.4

21.9

Adjusted EBITDA Addbacks(3)

 

63.4

 

58.5

Segment Adjusted EBITDA

$

223.3

$

78.9

(2)

Corporate unallocated includes corporate overhead costs and certain other income and expenses.

(3)

Adjusted EBITDA addbacks for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 are as follows:

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

    

2021

    

2020

    

Net gain on disposition of businesses and assets

$

(0.2)

$

(0.4)

Restructuring and other charges (Note 16)

0.4

1.8

Acquisition transaction and integration net costs (Note 14)

6.0

0.1

Acquisition purchase price hedge loss (Note 8)

55.0

Asset impairment charges or write-offs (Note 9)

38.3

Other items(a)

2.2

18.7

Total Adjusted EBITDA Addbacks

$

63.4

$

58.5

(a)Other items for the three months ended March 31, 2021 primarily relate to fees incurred in conjunction with certain of the Company’s strategic initiatives. Other items for the three months ended March 31, 2020 primarily relate to advisory and professional fees incurred in conjunction with the Company’s initiative to transition business services from Dow, including certain administrative services such as accounts payable, logistics, and IT services, which was substantially completed in 2020, as well as fees incurred in conjunction with certain of the Company’s strategic initiatives.

24

NOTE 16—RESTRUCTURING

Refer to the Annual Report for further details regarding the Company’s previously announced restructuring activities included in the tables below. Restructuring charges are included within “Selling, general and administrative expenses” in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

The following table provides detail of the Company’s restructuring charges for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020:

Three Months Ended

Cumulative

March 31, 

Life-to-date

2021

    

2020

Charges

    

Segment

Corporate Restructuring Program

Accelerated depreciation

$

$

1.3

$

2.9

Employee termination benefits

0.3

0.3

19.8

Contract terminations

1.2

2.8

Decommissioning and other

0.2

Corporate Program Subtotal

$

0.3

$

2.8

$

25.7

N/A(1)

Other Restructurings

0.1

0.3

Various

Total Restructuring Charges

$

0.4

$

3.1

(1)In November 2019, the Company announced a corporate restructuring program associated with the Company’s shift to a global functional structure and business excellence initiatives to drive greater focus on business process optimization and efficiency, which continued through the three months ended March 31, 2021. The Company expects to incur a limited amount of incremental employee termination benefit charges through the end of 2021, and the majority of these benefits are expected to be paid by the end of 2021. As this was identified as a corporate-related activity, the charges related to this restructuring program were not allocated to a specific segment, but rather included within corporate unallocated.

The following table provides a roll forward of the liability balances associated with the Company’s restructuring activities as of March 31, 2021. Employee termination benefit and contract termination charges are primarily recorded within “Accrued expenses and other current liabilities” in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

    

Balance at

    

    

    

Balance at

 

    

December 31, 2020

    

Expenses 

    

Deductions(1)

    

March 31, 2021

  

Employee termination benefits

$

8.4

$

0.3

$

(3.5)

$

5.2

Contract terminations

0.1

0.1

Decommissioning and other

 

 

0.1

 

(0.1)

 

Total

$

8.5

$

0.4

$

(3.6)

$

5.3

(1)Primarily includes payments made against the existing accrual, as well as immaterial impacts of foreign currency remeasurement.

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25

NOTE 17—ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

The components of AOCI, net of income taxes, consisted of:

    

Cumulative

    

Pension & Other

    

Translation

Postretirement Benefit

Cash Flow

Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020

Adjustments

    

Plans, Net

    

Hedges, Net

    

Total

Balance as of December 31, 2020

$

(109.0)

$

(71.9)

$

(5.2)

$

(186.1)

Other comprehensive income

 

0.4

 

 

3.5

 

3.9

Amounts reclassified from AOCI to net income(1)

1.1

1.1

2.2

Balance as of March 31, 2021

$

(108.6)

$

(70.8)

$

(0.6)

$

(180.0)

Balance as of December 31, 2019

$

(106.7)

$

(56.3)

$

0.6

$

(162.4)

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

10.7

 

0.6

 

(3.6)

 

7.7

Amounts reclassified from AOCI to net income (loss)(1)

0.6

(0.1)

0.5

Balance as of March 31, 2020

$

(96.0)

$

(55.1)

$

(3.1)

$

(154.2)

(1)The following is a summary of amounts reclassified from AOCI to net income (loss) for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020:

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

Statements of Operations

AOCI Components

   

2021

   

2020

   

Classification

Cash flow hedging items

Foreign exchange cash flow hedges

$

0.3

$

(0.2)

Cost of sales

Interest rate swaps

0.8

0.1

Interest expense, net

Total before tax

1.1

(0.1)

Tax effect

Provision for (benefit from) income taxes

Total, net of tax

$

1.1

$

(0.1)

Amortization of pension and other postretirement benefit plan items

Prior service credit

$

(0.2)

$

(0.3)

(a)

Net actuarial loss

1.8

1.2

(a)

Total before tax

1.6

0.9

Tax effect

(0.5)

(0.3)

Provision for (benefit from) income taxes

Total, net of tax

$

1.1

$

0.6

(a)These AOCI components are included in the computation of net periodic benefit costs (see Note 12).

.

NOTE 18—EARNINGS PER SHARE

Basic earnings per ordinary share (“basic EPS”) is computed by dividing net income available to ordinary shareholders by the weighted average number of the Company’s ordinary shares outstanding for the applicable period. Diluted earnings per ordinary share (“diluted EPS”) is calculated using net income available to ordinary shareholders divided by diluted weighted average ordinary shares outstanding during each period, which includes unvested RSUs, option awards, and PSUs. Diluted EPS considers the impact of potentially dilutive securities except in periods in which there is a loss because the inclusion of the potential ordinary shares would have an anti-dilutive effect.

26

The following table presents basic EPS and diluted EPS for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020:

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

(in millions, except per share data)

    

2021

    

2020

    

Earnings:

Net income (loss)

$

71.5

$

(36.3)

Shares:

Weighted average ordinary shares outstanding

 

38.5

 

38.5

Dilutive effect of RSUs, option awards, and PSUs(1)

 

1.0

 

Diluted weighted average ordinary shares outstanding

 

39.5

 

38.5

Income (loss) per share:

Income (loss) per share—basic

$

1.86

$

(0.94)

Income (loss) per share—diluted

$

1.81

$

(0.94)

(1)Refer to Note 13 for discussion of RSUs, option awards, and PSUs granted to certain Company directors and employees. There were 0.5 million anti-dilutive shares that have been excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share for the three months ended March 31, 2021. As the Company recorded a net loss for the three months ended March 31, 2020, potential shares related to equity-based awards have been excluded from the calculation of diluted EPS, as doing so would be anti-dilutive.

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27

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

2021 Year-to-Date Highlights

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, Trinseo recognized net income of $71.5 million and Adjusted EBITDA of $200.9 million, representing one of the highest quarterly net income and Adjusted EBITDA results in Trinseo’s history. These results were due mainly to higher margins, primarily in Base Plastics, Polystyrene and especially Feedstocks, as well as higher sales volumes in Engineered Materials and Synthetic Rubber. Refer to the discussion below for further information and refer to “Non-GAAP Performance Measures” for discussion of our use of non-GAAP measures in evaluating our performance and a reconciliation of these measures. Other highlights for the year are described below.

Acquisition of the Arkema PMMA Business

On May 3, 2021, the Company closed on the previously-announced acquisition of the Arkema S.A. (“Arkema”) polymethyl methacrylates (“PMMA”) and activated methyl methacrylates (“MMA”) businesses (together, referred to herein as the “PMMA business”) for an initial purchase price of €1.137 billion (approximately $1.36 billion), in addition to customary working capital and other closing adjustments. The transaction was announced on December 14, 2020, when the Company and Arkema entered into a Put Option Agreement. On March 17, 2021, Arkema exercised its put option right under the Put Option Agreement, pursuant to which the Company and Arkema entered into a securities purchase agreement (the “SPA”) on March 19, 2021 relating to the transfer of the PMMA business, and a warranty agreement relating thereto (the “Acquisition”). The Acquisition was funded primarily using proceeds from new debt financing arrangements as described below. PMMA is a transparent and rigid plastic with a wide range of end uses, and complements Trinseo’s existing offerings across several end markets including automotive, building & construction, medical and consumer electronics.

New Financing Arrangements

On March 24, 2021, the Company issued $450.0 million aggregate principal amount of 5.125% senior notes due 2029 (the “2029 Senior Notes”). Further, on May 3, 2021, in conjunction with the closing of the Acquisition, the Company entered into $750.0 million in incremental term loan borrowings (“2028 Term Loan B”) under our existing senior secured credit facility. The net proceeds from the 2029 Senior Notes and the 2028 Term Loan B, as well as available cash, were used to fund the Acquisition. Refer to Note 6 in the condensed consolidated financial statements for further details on these new financing arrangements.

Exploration of Potential Divestiture of Synthetic Rubber Business

In December 2020, the Company announced that we are exploring the potential divestiture of our Synthetic Rubber business. While we are evaluating the best strategy to pursue for our Synthetic Rubber business, we continue to believe that this business remains a valuable asset with potential for growth in the global tire market.

28

Results of Operations

Results of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020

Three Months Ended 

March 31, 

(in millions)

    

2021

    

%

2020

    

%

Net sales

$

1,092.6

    

100

%

$

853.5

    

100

%

Cost of sales

 

890.6

82

%

 

783.8

92

%

Gross profit

 

202.0

18

%

 

69.7

8

%

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

62.6

6

%

 

77.5

9

%

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates

 

22.9

2

%

 

9.8

1

%

Impairment charges

%

38.3

4

%

Operating income (loss)

 

162.3

14

%

 

(36.3)

(4)

%

Interest expense, net

 

12.0

1

%

 

10.3

1

%

Acquisition purchase price hedge loss

55.0

5

%

%

Other expense, net

 

2.7

%

 

1.6

%

Income (loss) before income taxes

 

92.6

8

%

 

(48.2)

(6)

%

Provision for (benefit from) income taxes

 

21.1

2

%

 

(11.9)

(1)

%

Net income (loss)

$

71.5

6

%

$

(36.3)

(4)

%

Three Months Ended – March 31, 2021 vs. March 31, 2020

Net Sales

Of the 28% increase in net sales, 16% was attributable to increased selling prices, mainly due to the pass through of higher raw material costs, and 7% was due to increased volumes. An additional 4% increase was due to currency impacts as the euro strengthened in comparison to the U.S. dollar during the period.

Cost of Sales

The 14% increase in cost of sales was attributable to a 3% increase in raw material costs, a 5% increase in volumes, a 4% increase due to currency impacts and a 2% increase in utility costs.

Gross Profit

The increase in gross profit of 190% was primarily attributable to higher margins, primarily in Base Plastics, Polystyrene, and Feedstocks, where March styrene margins were the highest observed in over twenty years. See the segment discussion below for further information.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses (SG&A)

The $14.9 million, or 19%, decrease in SG&A was due to several factors. Lower advisory and professional fees, mainly related to the Company’s transition of business and technical services from Dow, which was largely completed in the first quarter of 2020, resulted in a $16.8 million decrease. Also contributing to the decrease was a $2.2 million reduction in bad debt expense and a $1.4 million decrease in restructuring costs. Partially offsetting these decreases was an increase of $5.9 million due to transaction and integration costs incurred related to the acquisition of the Arkema PMMA business.

Equity in Earnings of Unconsolidated Affiliates

The increase in equity earnings of $13.1 million was due to equity earnings from Americas Styrenics, mainly attributable to increased sales volume and higher styrene margins in North America.

29

Impairment Charges

Impairment charges for the three months ended March 31, 2020 were related to the impairment charges recorded on the Boehlen styrene monomer assets and Schkopau PBR assets during the period.

Interest Expense, Net

The increase in interest expense, net of $1.7 million, or 17%, was primarily attributable to the Company’s issuance of the 2029 Senior Notes during the first quarter of 2021. Refer to Note 6 in the condensed consolidated financial statements for further information.

Acquisition Purchase Price Hedge Loss

The $55.0 million acquisition purchase price hedge loss for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was due to the change in fair value of the Company’s forward currency hedge arrangement on the euro-denominated purchase price of the Arkema PMMA business.

Other Expense, Net

Other expense, net for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was $2.7 million, which included $2.0 million of expense related to the non-service cost components of net periodic benefit cost as well as foreign exchange transaction losses of $0.2 million. Net foreign transaction losses included $19.9 million of foreign exchange transaction losses primarily from the remeasurement of our euro denominated payables due to the relative changes in rates between the U.S. dollar and the euro during the period, offset by $19.7 million of gains from our foreign exchange forward contracts, excluding the acquisition purchase price hedge.

Other expense, net for the three months ended March 31, 2020 was $1.6 million, which included $1.4 million of expense related to the non-service cost components of net periodic benefit cost, as well as foreign exchange transaction losses of $0.2 million. Net foreign transaction losses included $14.0 million of foreign exchange transaction losses primarily from the remeasurement of our euro denominated payables due to the relative changes in rates between the U.S. dollar and the euro during the period, offset by $13.8 million of gains from our foreign exchange forward contracts.

Provision for (Benefit from) Income Taxes

Provision for income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2021 totaled $21.1 million, resulting in an effective tax rate of 22.8%. Benefit from income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2020 totaled $11.9 million, resulting in an effective tax rate of 24.6%.

The increase in provision for income taxes is primarily driven by the $140.8 million increase in income before income taxes.

Outlook

Following a year in which there were challenging economic conditions due to the adverse impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly in the first half of 2020, the Company observed continued market recovery in the first quarter of 2021. As a result of the strong market conditions and the Company’s continued focus on our business excellence program, the Company had one of our highest quarterly net income results and our highest quarterly Adjusted EBITDA in our history during the first quarter of 2021. As discussed above in “2021 Highlights,” on May 3, 2021 the Company completed the acquisition of the Arkema PMMA business, which is the first step in our transformation into an advanced specialty and sustainable solutions provider. With one of our best profitability quarters ever in the first quarter, a similar outlook for the second quarter, the PMMA business acquisition and continued focus on business excellence initiatives, we expect very strong profitability in 2021.

30

Selected Segment Information

The following sections describe net sales, Adjusted EBITDA, and Adjusted EBITDA margin by segment for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020. Inter-segment sales have been eliminated. Refer to Note 15 in the condensed consolidated financial statements for further information on our segments, as well as for a detailed definition of Adjusted EBITDA and a reconciliation of income before income taxes to segment Adjusted EBITDA. Prior period segment amounts herein have been recast in conjunction with the Company’s segment realignment that occurred during the fourth quarter of 2020, as described in Note 15 of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

Latex Binders Segment

Our Latex Binders segment produces styrene-butadiene latex (“SB latex”) and other latex polymers and binders primarily for coated paper and packaging board, carpet and artificial turf backings, as well as a broad range of performance latex binders products, including SB latex, styrene-acrylate latex (“SA latex”), and vinylidene chloride latex for coatings, adhesives, sealants, and elastomers (“CASE”) applications.

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

($ in millions)

    

2021

    

2020

% Change

Net sales

$

250.9

    

$

219.1

    

15

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$

17.7

$

21.5

    

(18)

%

Adjusted EBITDA margin

 

7

%  

 

10

%  

Three Months Ended – March 31, 2021 vs. March 31, 2020

The 15% increase in net sales was primarily due to a 9% increase in pricing from the pass through of raw material costs. Additionally, there was an increase of 4% due to foreign exchange rate impacts and an increase of 2% due to increased sales volume for the period, which was attributable to higher sales to CASE, textile, board and specialty paper applications, partially offset by lower sales to graphical paper applications.

The $3.8 million, or 18%, decrease in Adjusted EBITDA was primarily due to lower margins of $7.0 million, or 33%, which was a result of unfavorable net timing caused by an unfavorable price lag from the sharp increase in styrene prices in March. These decreases were partially offset by an increase of $2.1 million, or 10%, due to foreign exchange rate impacts and an increase of $1.8 million, or 8%, attributable to increased sales volume, as noted above.

Synthetic Rubber Segment

Our Synthetic Rubber segment produces styrene-butadiene and polybutadiene-based rubber products used predominantly in high-performance tires, impact modifiers and technical rubber products, such as conveyor belts, hoses, seals and gaskets. We have a broad synthetic rubber technology and product portfolio, focusing on specialty products, such as solution styrene-butadiene rubber (“SSBR”), while also producing core products, such as emulsion styrene-butadiene rubber (“ESBR”).

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

($ in millions)

    

2021

    

2020

% Change

Net sales

$

124.2

    

$

101.7

    

22

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$

14.2

$

15.3

    

(7)

%

Adjusted EBITDA margin

 

11

%  

 

15

%  

Three Months Ended – March 31, 2021 vs. March 31, 2020

Of the 22% increase in net sales, 11% of the increase was due to foreign exchange rate impacts and 10% of the increase was due to increased sales volume, particularly in SSBR due to growth initiatives and improvement in tire market demand.

31

The $1.1 million, or 7%, decrease in Adjusted EBITDA was primarily due to lower margins, including an unfavorable impact from net timing, which resulted in a $5.8 million, or 38%, decrease, as well as higher fixed costs, which resulted in a $3.4 million, or 22%, decrease, and which were attributable to a prior year inventory build recognized in the current period. These decreases were partially offset by increased sales volume, as described above, which resulted in a $6.0 million, or 39%, increase. Further offsetting these decreases was an increase of $2.1 million, or 14%, due to foreign exchange rate impacts.

Engineered Materials Segment

Our Engineered Materials segment consists of rigid thermoplastic compounds and blends products sold into high growth and high value applications in markets such as consumer electronics and medical, as well as soft thermoplastic elastomers (“TPEs”) products which are sold into markets such as footwear and automotive.

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

($ in millions)

    

2021

    

2020

% Change

Net sales

$

65.8

    

$

47.7

    

38

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$

8.1

$

8.2

    

(1)

%

Adjusted EBITDA margin

 

12

%  

 

17

%  

Three Months Ended – March 31, 2021 vs. March 31, 2020

The 38% increase in net sales was primarily due to increased sales volume of 35%, due mainly to higher sales volume to consumer electronics applications in Asia and TPE applications in Europe. Additionally, there was an increase of 4% due to foreign exchange rate impacts. These increases were partially offset by a decrease of 2% due to lower pricing.

The $0.1 million, or 1%, decrease in Adjusted EBITDA was primarily due to a decrease of $8.9 million, or 109%, attributable to lower margins resulting from higher raw material costs, primarily polycarbonate, which were partially offset by increased sales volume resulting in a $7.6 million, or 93%, increase as discussed above, and an additional increase of $0.9 million, or 11%, due to lower fixed costs.

Base Plastics Segment

Our Base Plastics segment consists of a variety of compounds and blends, the majority of which are for automotive applications. The segment also includes our acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (“ABS”), styrene-acrylonitrile (“SAN”), and polycarbonate (“PC”) businesses.

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

($ in millions)

    

2021

    

2020

% Change

Net sales

$

328.9

    

$

257.4

    

28

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$

66.1

$

28.5

    

132

%

Adjusted EBITDA margin

 

20

%  

 

11

%  

Three Months Ended – March 31, 2021 vs. March 31, 2020

Of the 28% increase in net sales, 12% was due to higher pricing from the pass through of raw material costs, primarily styrene. An additional 8% increase was attributable to increased sales volume to applications such as construction, and a 7% increase was due to foreign exchange rate impacts.

32

The $37.6 million, or 132%, increase in Adjusted EBITDA was primarily due to higher margins of $21.9 million, or 77%, particularly in ABS and polycarbonate, as well as an increase of $8.5 million, or 30%, due to foreign exchange rate impacts. Also contributing to the increase was a $5.3 million, or 19%, decrease in fixed costs primarily from the Company’s cost reduction initiatives as well as an increase of $1.9 million, or 7%, due to increased sales volume.

Polystyrene Segment

Our product offerings in our Polystyrene segment include a variety of general purpose polystyrenes (“GPPS”) and polystyrene that has been modified with polybutadiene rubber to increase its impact resistant properties (“HIPS”). These products provide customers with performance and aesthetics at a low cost across applications, including appliances, packaging, including food packaging and food service disposables, consumer electronics, and building and construction materials. In April 2021, the Company announced our plans to build a full commercial scale polystyrene recycling plant in Tessenderlo, Belgium, which is expected to be operational in 2023.

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

($ in millions)

    

2021

    

2020

% Change

Net sales

$

266.9

    

$

182.8

    

46

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$

47.7

$

11.8

    

304

%

Adjusted EBITDA margin

 

18

%  

 

6

%  

Three Months Ended – March 31, 2021 vs. March 31, 2020

Of the 46% increase in net sales, 39% of the increase was due to higher pricing primarily from the pass through of higher styrene costs to our customers, and 7% of the increase was due to increased sales volume, particularly in appliances and consumer goods applications.

The $35.9 million, or 304%, increase in Adjusted EBITDA was primarily due to higher margins, particularly in Asia, resulting from commercial excellence initiatives, strong market conditions, and favorable net raw material timing, which resulted in an increase of $32.3 million, or 273%. Additionally, increased sales volume resulted in a $2.2 million, or 19%, increase, and lower fixed costs resulted in a $1.8 million, or 15%, increase. These effects were partially offset by a $1.0 million, or 8%, decrease due to foreign exchange rate impacts.

Feedstocks Segment

The Feedstocks segment includes the Company’s production and procurement of styrene monomer outside of North America, which is used as a key raw material for the production of polystyrene, expandable polystyrene, SAN resins, SA latex, SB latex, ABS resins, unsaturated polyethylene resins, and styrene-butadiene rubber.

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

($ in millions)

    

2021

    

2020

% Change

Net sales

$

55.9

    

$

44.8

    

25

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$

46.6

$

(16.2)

    

388

%

Adjusted EBITDA margin

 

83

%  

 

(36)

%  

Three Months Ended – March 31, 2021 vs. March 31, 2020

Of the 25% increase in net sales, 38% was due to higher pricing from the pass through of higher styrene prices. This effect was partially offset by a 13% decrease due to lower styrene-related sales volume.

The increase of $62.8 million in Adjusted EBITDA was primarily due to higher styrene margins in Europe from strong demand and tight supply, particularly in March, which resulted in an increase of $67.0 million, or 413%. Partially offsetting this effect was a decrease of $2.7 million, or 16%, due to foreign exchange rate impacts.

33

Americas Styrenics Segment

This segment consists solely of the equity earnings from of our 50%-owned joint venture, Americas Styrenics, a producer of both styrene monomer and polystyrene in North America. Styrene monomer is a basic building block of plastics and a key input to many of the Company’s products, as well as a key raw material for the production of polystyrene. Major applications for the polystyrene products Americas Styrenics produces include appliances, food packaging, food service disposables, consumer electronics, and building and construction materials.

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

($ in millions)

    

2021

    

2020

% Change

Adjusted EBITDA*

$

22.9

$

9.8

    

134

%

*The results of this segment are comprised entirely of earnings from Americas Styrenics, our equity method investment. As such, Adjusted EBITDA related to this segment is included within “Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates” in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

Three Months Ended – March 31, 2021 vs. March 31, 2020

The increase in Adjusted EBITDA was mainly due to increased sales volume and higher styrene margins in North America, including impacts from industry outages caused by weather related and other events.

Non-GAAP Performance Measures

We present Adjusted EBITDA as a non-GAAP financial performance measure, which we define as income from continuing operations before interest expense, net; provision for income taxes; depreciation and amortization expense; loss on extinguishment of long-term debt; asset impairment charges; gains or losses on the dispositions of businesses and assets; restructuring charges; acquisition related costs and other items. In doing so, we are providing management, investors, and credit rating agencies with an indicator of our ongoing performance and business trends, removing the impact of transactions and events that we would not consider a part of our core operations.

There are limitations to using the financial performance measures such as Adjusted EBITDA. This performance measure is not intended to represent net income or other measures of financial performance. As such, it should not be used as an alternative to net income as an indicator of operating performance. Other companies in our industry may define Adjusted EBITDA differently than we do. As a result, it may be difficult to use this or similarly-named financial measures that other companies may use, to compare the performance of those companies to our performance. We compensate for these limitations by providing a reconciliation of this performance measure to our net income, which is determined in accordance with GAAP.

34

Adjusted EBITDA is calculated as follows for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020:

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

 

(in millions)

    

2021

    

2020

  

Net income (loss)

    

$

71.5

    

$

(36.3)

Interest expense, net

 

12.0

 

10.3

Provision for (benefit from) income taxes

 

21.1

 

(11.9)

Depreciation and amortization

 

32.9

 

36.4

EBITDA(a)

$

137.5

$

(1.5)

Net gain on disposition of businesses and assets

(0.2)

(0.4)

Restructuring and other charges(b)

0.4

1.8

Acquisition transaction and integration net costs(c)

6.0

0.1

Acquisition purchase price hedge loss(d)

55.0

Asset impairment charges or write-offs(e)

38.3

Other items(f)

2.2

18.7

Adjusted EBITDA

$

200.9

$

57.0

(a)EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial performance measure that we refer to in making operating decisions because we believe it provides our management as well as our investors and credit agencies with meaningful information regarding the Company’s operational performance. We believe the use of EBITDA as a metric assists our board of directors, management and investors in comparing our operating performance on a consistent basis. Other companies in our industry may define EBITDA differently than we do. As a result, it may be difficult to use EBITDA, or similarly-named financial measures that other companies may use, to compare the performance of those companies to our performance. We compensate for these limitations by providing reconciliations of our EBITDA results to our net income, which is determined in accordance with GAAP.
(b)Restructuring and other charges for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 primarily relate to employee termination benefit charges as well as contract termination charges incurred in connection with the Company’s corporate restructuring program announced in the fourth quarter of 2019, as well as charges incurred for the other restructuring programs. Refer to Note 16 in the condensed consolidated financial statements for further information regarding restructuring activities.
(c)Acquisition transaction and integration net costs for the three months ended March 31, 2021 relate to expenses incurred for the Company’s acquisition of the Arkema PMMA business.
(d)Acquisition purchase price hedge loss for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was due to the change in fair value of the Company’s forward currency hedge arrangement on the euro-denominated purchase price of the Arkema PMMA business.
(e)Asset impairment charges or write-offs for the three months ended March 31, 2020 relate to the impairment of the Company’s styrene monomer assets in Boehlen, Germany and PBR assets in Schkopau, Germany. Refer to Note 9 in the condensed consolidated financial statements for further information.
(f)Other items for the three months ended March 31, 2021 primarily relate to fees incurred in conjunction with certain of the Company’s strategic initiatives. Other items for the three months ended March 31, 2020 primarily relate to advisory and professional fees incurred in conjunction with our initiative to transition business services from Dow, including certain administrative services such as accounts payable, logistics, and IT services, which was substantially completed in 2020, as well as fees incurred in conjunction with certain of the Company’s strategic initiatives.

35

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Cash Flows

The table below summarizes our primary sources and uses of cash for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020. We have derived the summarized cash flow information from our unaudited financial statements.

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

(in millions)

    

2021

    

2020

    

Net cash provided by (used in):

    

Operating activities

��

$

51.0

$

(5.8)

Investing activities

 

(12.6)

39.1

Financing activities

 

450.8

(46.7)

Effect of exchange rates on cash

 

(9.5)

(2.7)

Net change in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash

$

479.7

$

(16.1)

Operating Activities

Net cash provided by operating activities during the three months ended March 31, 2021 totaled $51.0 million, driven by very strong earnings during the quarter, and inclusive of a dividend received from Americas Styrenics of $15.0 million. Net cash used in operating assets and liabilities for the three months ended March 31, 2021 totaled $89.8 million, noting an increase in accounts receivable of $138.8 million as well as an increase in inventories of $89.5 million. These effects were partially offset by an increase in accounts payable and other current liabilities of $114.9 million, an increase in other liabilities of $14.6 million, and an increase in income taxes payable of $4.9 million. The increases in accounts receivable, inventories, and accounts payable and other current liabilities during the period were primarily attributable to increased sales volume across all segments except for Feedstocks as well as increased prices, including both raw material prices and selling prices due to our pass through pricing arrangements.

Net cash used in operating activities during the three months ended March 31, 2020 totaled $5.8 million. Net cash used in operating assets and liabilities for the three months ended March 31, 2020 totaled $14.6 million, noting an increase in accounts receivable of $12.7 million, a decrease in accounts payable and other current liabilities of $28.9 million, and a decrease in income taxes payable of $3.3 million. This activity was partially offset by a decrease in inventories of $26.8 million. Accounts receivable at the end of the first quarter increased relative to the end of 2019 primarily due to higher selling prices in the Engineered Materials, Base Plastics and Polystyrene segments during the period. The decrease in accounts payable and other current liabilities was due to timing of vendor payments, while the decrease in income taxes payable was primarily due to the overall reduction in earnings before income taxes. The decrease in inventories was primarily due to actions taken to reduce inventory levels as well as decreased raw material prices.

Investing Activities

Net cash used in investing activities during the three months ended March 31, 2021 totaled $12.6 million, which was entirely attributable to capital expenditures.

Net cash provided by investing activities during the three months ended March 31, 2020 totaled $39.1 million, primarily resulting from proceeds from the settlement of hedging instruments of $51.6 million as well as proceeds from the sale of businesses and other assets (primarily our land in Livorno, Italy) of $11.6 million. These impacts were partially offset by capital expenditures of $24.3 million.

Financing Activities

Net cash provided by financing activities during the three months ended March 31, 2021 totaled $450.8 million. This activity was primarily due to $450.0 million in proceeds from the issuance of the 2029 Senior Notes as well as $9.0 million in proceeds from the exercise of option awards. This activity is partially offset by $3.3 million of dividend payments, $2.8 million of net repayments of short-term borrowings, and $1.3 million of deferred financing fees primarily related to the issuance of our 2029 Senior Notes during the period.

36

Net cash used in financing activities during the three months ended March 31, 2020 totaled $46.7 million. This activity was primarily due to $25.0 million of payments related to the repurchase of ordinary shares, $15.9 million of dividends paid, $3.5 million of net repayments of short-term borrowings, and $1.7 million of net principal payments related to our 2024 Term Loan B during the period.

Free Cash Flow

We use Free Cash Flow as non-GAAP measures to evaluate and discuss the Company’s liquidity position and results. Free Cash Flow is defined as cash from operating activities, less capital expenditures. We believe that Free Cash Flow provides an indicator of the Company’s ongoing ability to generate cash through core operations, as it excludes the cash impacts of various financing transactions as well as cash flows from business combinations that are not considered organic in nature. We also believe that Free Cash Flow provides management and investors with useful analytical indicator of our ability to service our indebtedness, pay dividends (when declared), and meet our ongoing cash obligations.

Free Cash Flow is not intended to represent cash flows from operations as defined by GAAP, and therefore, should not be used as alternatives for that measure. Other companies in our industry may define Free Cash Flow differently than we do. As a result, it may be difficult to use this or similarly-named financial measures that other companies may use, to compare the liquidity and cash generation of those companies to our own. We compensate for these limitations by providing a reconciliation to cash provided by operating activities, which is determined in accordance with GAAP.

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

(in millions)

    

2021

    

2020

    

Cash provided by (used in) operating activities

$

51.0

$

(5.8)

Capital expenditures

(12.6)

(24.3)

Free Cash Flow

$

38.4

$

(30.1)

Refer to the discussion above for significant impacts to cash provided by operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

Capital Resources and Liquidity

We require cash principally for day-to-day operations, to finance capital investments and other initiatives, to purchase materials, to service our outstanding indebtedness, and to fund the return of capital to shareholders via dividend payments and ordinary share repurchases, when deemed appropriate. Our sources of liquidity include cash on hand, cash flow from operations, and amounts available under the Senior Credit Facility and the Accounts Receivable Securitization Facility (discussed further below).

As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, we had $1,637.1 million and $1,188.0 million, respectively, in outstanding indebtedness and $1,527.4 million and $983.8 million, respectively, in working capital. In addition, as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, we had $75.0 million and $172.8 million, respectively, of foreign cash and cash equivalents on our balance sheet, outside of our country of domicile of Luxembourg, all of which is readily convertible into other foreign currencies, including the U.S. dollar. Our intention is not to permanently reinvest our foreign cash and cash equivalents. Accordingly, we record deferred income tax liabilities related to the unremitted earnings of our subsidiaries.

As discussed in Note 6 of the condensed consolidated financial statements, the Company completed a senior note issuance during the first quarter of 2021, the results of which are reflected in the table below. For definitions of capitalized terms not included herein, refer to the Annual Report.

The following table outlines our outstanding indebtedness as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 and the associated interest expense, including amortization of deferred financing fees and debt discounts. Effective interest rates for the borrowings included in the table below exclude the impact of deferred financing fee amortization, certain other fees charged to interest expense (such as fees for unused commitment fees during the period), and the impacts of derivatives designated as hedging instruments. For definitions of capitalized terms not included herein, refer to our Annual Report.

37

As of and for the Three Months Ended

As of and for the Year Ended

 

March 31, 2021

December 31, 2020

 

Effective

Effective

 

Interest

Interest

Interest

Interest

 

($ in millions)

    

Balance

    

Rate

    

Expense

    

Balance

Rate

    

Expense

 

Senior Credit Facility

2024 Term Loan B

$

677.3

2.1

%  

$

5.1

$

677.3

2.6

%  

$

23.3

2022 Revolving Facility

%

0.7

3.7

2029 Senior Notes

450.0

5.1

%

0.4

2025 Senior Notes

500.0

5.4

%  

5.1

500.0

5.4

%  

19.5

Accounts Receivable Securitization Facility

 

 

0.4

 

 

1.5

Other indebtedness*

 

9.8

2.6

%  

 

 

10.7

2.4

%  

 

0.1

Total

$

1,637.1

$

11.7

$

1,188.0

$

48.1

*For the three months ended March 31, 2021, interest expense on “Other indebtedness” totaled less than $0.1 million.

As of March 31, 2021, our Senior Credit Facility included the 2022 Revolving Facility, which was scheduled to mature in September 2022 and had a borrowing capacity of $375.0 million. As of March 31, 2021, the Company had $360.0 million of funds available for borrowing (net of $15.0 million outstanding letters of credit) under the 2022 Revolving Facility. Further, as of March 31, 2021, the Company is required to pay a quarterly commitment fee in respect of any unused commitments under the 2022 Revolving Facility equal to 0.375% per annum.

Also included in our Senior Credit Facility is our 2024 Term Loan B (with original principal of $700.0 million, maturing in September 2024), which requires scheduled quarterly payments in amounts equal to 0.25% of the original principal. The stated interest rate on our 2024 Term Loan B is London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) plus 2.00% (subject to a 0.00% LIBOR floor). The Company did not make net principal payments on the 2024 Term Loan B during the three months ended March 31, 2021. There is $8.7 million of scheduled future payments classified as current debt on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2021 related to the 2024 Term Loan B.

In conjunction with the closing of the acquisition of the Arkema PMMA business on May 3, 2021, the Company entered into $750.0 million of incremental term loan borrowings (“2028 Term Loan B”) under our existing senior secured credit facility. The 2028 Term Loan B bears an interest rate of LIBOR plus 2.50%, subject to a 0.00% LIBOR floor, and matures in May 2028. Concurrent with the closing of the Acquisition, the Company also extended the term of our 2022 Revolving Facility through May 2026, noting no changes to the borrowing capacity of $375.0 million.

Our 2025 Senior Notes, as issued under the Indenture executed in 2017, include $500.0 million aggregate principal amount of 5.375% senior notes that mature on September 1, 2025. Interest on the 2025 Senior Notes is payable semi-annually on May 3 and November 3 of each year, which commenced on May 3, 2018. These Notes may be redeemed prior to their maturity at the option of the Company under certain circumstances at specific redemption prices. Refer to our Annual Report for further information.

Our 2029 Senior Notes, as issued under the Indenture executed in 2021, include $450.0 million aggregate principal amount of 5.125% senior notes that mature on April 1, 2029. Interest on the 2029 Senior Notes is payable semi-annually on February 15 and August 15 of each year, which commences on August 15, 2021. These Notes may be redeemed prior to their maturity at the option of the Company under certain circumstances at specific redemption prices. Refer to Note 6 of the condensed consolidated financial statements for further details.

We continue to maintain our Accounts Receivable Securitization Facility which has a borrowing capacity of $150.0 million and matures in September 2021. As of March 31, 2021, there were no amounts outstanding under this facility, and the Company had approximately $150.0 million of accounts receivable available to support this facility, based on the pool of eligible accounts receivable.

Our ability to raise additional financing and our borrowing costs may be impacted by short- and long-term debt ratings assigned by independent rating agencies, which are based, in significant part, on our performance as measured by certain credit metrics such as interest coverage and leverage ratios.

38

We and our subsidiaries, affiliates or significant shareholders may from time to time seek to retire or purchase our outstanding debt through cash purchases in the open market, privately negotiated transactions, exchange transactions or otherwise. Such repurchases or exchanges, if any, will depend on prevailing market conditions, our liquidity requirements, contractual restrictions and other factors. The amounts involved may be material.

Trinseo Materials Operating S.C.A. and Trinseo Materials Finance, Inc. (the “Issuers” of our 2029 Senior Notes and 2025 Senior Notes and “Borrowers” under our Senior Credit Facility) are dependent upon the cash generation and receipt of distributions and dividends or other payments from our subsidiaries and joint venture in order to satisfy their debt obligations. There are no known significant restrictions by third parties on the ability of subsidiaries of the Company to disburse or dividend funds to the Issuers and the Borrowers in order to satisfy these obligations. However, as the Company’s subsidiaries are located in a variety of jurisdictions, the Company can give no assurances that our subsidiaries will not face transfer restrictions in the future due to regulatory or other reasons beyond our control.

The Senior Credit Facility and Indentures also limit the ability of the Borrowers and Issuers, respectively, to pay dividends or make other distributions to Trinseo S.A., which could then be used to make distributions to shareholders. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company declared dividends of $0.08 per ordinary share, totaling $3.4 million, all of which was accrued as of March 31, 2021 and which was paid in April 2021. These dividends are well within the available capacity under the terms of the restrictive covenants contained in the Senior Credit Facility and Indentures. Further, additional capacity continues to be available under the terms of these covenants to support expected future dividends to shareholders, should the Company continue to declare them.

Our ability to generate cash from operations to pay our indebtedness and meet other liquidity needs is subject to certain risks described herein and under Part I, Item 1A-“Risk Factors” of our Annual Report. As of March 31, 2021, we were in compliance with all the covenants and default provisions under our debt agreements. Refer to our Annual Report for further information on the details of the covenant requirements.

Contractual Obligations and Commercial Commitments

There have been no material revisions outside the ordinary course of business to our contractual obligations as described within “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Contractual Obligations and Commercial Commitments” within our Annual Report, other than the items discussed herein related to our new financing arrangements entered into in connection with the acquisition of the Arkema PMMA business, including the $450.0 million 2029 Senior Notes issued on March 24, 2021 and the $750.0 million 2028 Term Loan B entered into on May 3, 2021 upon closing of the transaction. Refer to Notes 6 and 14 of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the “Capital Resources and Liquidity” section of Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations for details on these contractual obligations entered into subsequent to December 31, 2020.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Our unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements are based on the selection and application of significant accounting policies. The preparation of unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and revenues and expenses at the date of and during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. However, we are not currently aware of any reasonably likely events or circumstances that would result in materially different results.

We describe our significant accounting policies in Note 2, Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in our Annual Report, while we discuss our critical accounting policies and estimates in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” within our Annual Report. There have been no material revisions to the significant accounting policies or critical accounting policies and estimates as filed in our Annual Report.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements.

39

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

We describe the impact of recent accounting pronouncements in Note 2 of our condensed consolidated financial statements, included elsewhere within this Quarterly Report.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

As discussed in “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk” within our Annual Report, we are exposed to changes in interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates as well as changes in the prices of certain commodities that we use in production. There have been no material changes in our exposure to market risks from the information provided within our Annual Report.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining internal controls designed to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed by us in our reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures. Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures as of March 31, 2021. Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report were effective to provide the reasonable level of assurance described above.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There was no change in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) of the Exchange Act) that occurred during the quarter ended March 31, 2021 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

PART II — OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

From time to time we may be subject to various legal claims and proceedings incidental to the normal conduct of business, relating to such matters as product liability, antitrust, competition, waste disposal practices, release of chemicals into the environment and other matters that may arise in the ordinary course of our business. We currently believe that there is no litigation pending that is likely to have a material adverse effect on our business. Regardless of the outcome, legal proceedings can have an adverse impact on us because of defense and settlement costs, diversion of management resources and other factors.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

Our business faces various risks. Certain important factors may have a material adverse effect on our business prospects, financial condition and results of operations, and you should carefully consider them. Accordingly, in evaluating our business, we encourage you to consider the risk factors related to our ordinary shares as well those risk

40

factors related to our business and industry which have been previously disclosed in Part 1, Item 1A of our Annual Report for the year ended December 31, 2020. Certain material updates to these risk factors are included below.

We encourage you to consider these risks, in their entirety, in addition to other information contained in or incorporated by reference into this Quarterly Report and our other public filings with the SEC. Other events that we do not currently anticipate or that we currently deem immaterial may also affect our business, prospects, financial condition and results of operations. Production at our manufacturing facilities could be disrupted for a variety of reasons. Disruptions could expose us to significant losses or liabilities.

Risks Related to Acquisitions and Dispositions

We may fail to realize the anticipated benefits of the Acquisition or such benefits may take longer to realize than expected. We may also encounter difficulty integrating the PMMA business into our operations.

On May 3, 2021, we announced the closing of our acquisition from Arkema S.A. (“Arkema”) of its polymethyl methacrylates (“PMMA”) and activated methyl methacrylates (“MMA”) businesses (together, referred to herein as the “PMMA business”) for a purchase price of €1.137 billion (the “Acquisition”).

Our ability to realize the anticipated benefits of the Acquisition will depend on our ability to integrate the PMMA business into ours. Combining these businesses will be a complex and time-consuming process. As a result, we expect to devote significant attention and resources preparing for and then integrating the operations, systems, processes, procedures and personnel of the acquired PMMA business. This integration process may be disruptive to our ongoing business, and, if we fail to effectively integrate, or if integration takes longer or is more costly than expected, we could lose or diminish the expected benefits of the Acquisition. Even if we are able to integrate the PMMA business successfully, this integration may not result in the realization of the synergies and benefits that we currently expect, nor can we give assurances that these benefits will be achieved when expected or at all.

We also face risks that we fail to meet our financial and strategic goals, due to, among other things, inability to grow and manage growth profitability, maintain relationships with customers or retain key employees. We may also be adversely affected by other economic, business, and/or competitive factors which may not have existed at the time of closing. Such conditions could materially adversely impact our business and results of operations.

Risks Related to Our Indebtedness

Our current and future level of indebtedness of our subsidiaries, including the incurrence of additional indebtedness to fund the Acquisition, could adversely affect our financial condition.

As of December 31, 2020, our indebtedness totaled approximately $1.2 billion. Additionally, as of December 31, 2020, we had $360.0 million (net of $15.0 million outstanding letters of credit) of funds available for borrowings under our Senior Credit Facility, as well as $150.0 million of funds available for borrowings under our accounts receivable securitization facility (the “Accounts Receivable Securitization Facility”).

Additionally, in connection with the Acquisition, our Trinseo Materials Operating S.C.A. and Trinseo Materials Finance Inc. subsidiaries issued $450.0 million principal amount of 5.125% Senior Notes due 2029 (the “2029 Senior Notes”) and borrowed an additional $750.0 million in term loans under our Senior Credit Facility, the proceeds of which were used to pay a portion of the purchase price of the Acquisition.

Our current level of indebtedness, as well as future borrowings or other indebtedness, could have significant consequences for our business, including but not limited to:

increasing our vulnerability to economic downturns and adverse industry, competitive, or market conditions;
requiring a substantial portion of our cash flows from operations to be dedicated to the payment of principal and interest on our indebtedness, therefore reducing our ability to use our cash flow to fund capital expenditures and future business opportunities and returning cash to our shareholders in the form of dividends or share repurchases;

41

limiting our ability to obtain additional financing for working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions, and general corporate or other purposes;
compromising our flexibility to capitalize on business opportunities or other strategic acquisitions, and to react to competitive pressures, as compared to our competitors, or forcing us to make nonstrategic divestitures;
placing us at a disadvantage compared to other, less leveraged competitors or competitors with comparable debt at more favorable interest rates; and
increasing our cost of borrowing.

Although the terms of our senior secured credit agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) governing our senior secured financing facility of up to $1,075.0 million (the “Senior Credit Facility”), and the note indentures governing the 2029 Senior Notes and our 5.375% senior notes due 2025 (the “Indentures”), contain restrictions on the incurrence of additional indebtedness, these restrictions are subject to a number of qualifications and exceptions and the indebtedness incurred in compliance with these restrictions could be substantial. Also, we are not prevented from incurring obligations that do not constitute “indebtedness” as defined in the Senior Credit Facility or the Indentures, such as operating leases and trade payables. If new debt is added to our subsidiaries’ current debt levels, the risks related to indebtedness that we now face could intensify.

In addition, a substantial portion of our subsidiaries’ current indebtedness is secured by substantially all of our assets, which may make it more difficult to secure additional borrowings at reasonable costs. If we default or declare bankruptcy, after these obligations are met, there may not be sufficient funds or assets to satisfy our subordinate interests, including those of our shareholders.

The terms of our subsidiaries’ indebtedness may restrict our current and future operations, particularly our ability to respond to change or to take certain actions.

The Indentures and the Credit Agreement governing our Senior Credit Facility contain a number of covenants imposing certain restrictions on our subsidiaries’ businesses. These restrictions may affect our ability to operate our business and may limit our ability to take advantage of business opportunities. These agreements restrict, among other things, our subsidiaries’ ability to:

sell or assign assets;
incur additional indebtedness;
pay dividends to Trinseo S.A.;
make investments or acquisitions;
incur liens;
repurchase or redeem capital shares;
engage in mergers or consolidations;
materially alter the business they conduct;
engage in transactions with affiliates; and
consolidate, merge or transfer all or substantially all of their assets.

The ability of our subsidiaries to comply with the covenants and financial ratios and tests contained in the Indenture and Credit Agreement, to pay interest on indebtedness, fund working capital, and make anticipated capital expenditures depends on our future performance, which is subject to general economic conditions and other factors, some of which are beyond our control. There can be no assurance that our business will generate sufficient cash flow from operations or that future borrowings will be available under our Senior Credit Facility to fund liquidity needs in an amount sufficient to enable them to service their indebtedness. Furthermore, if we need additional capital for general

42

corporate purposes or to execute on an expansion strategy, there can be no assurance that this capital will be available on satisfactory terms or at all.

A failure to repay amounts owed under the Senior Credit Facility, or the notes issued under our Indentures, at maturity would result in a default. In addition, a breach of any of the covenants in the Credit Agreement or Indentures or our inability to comply with the required financial ratios or limits could result in a default. If a default occurs, lenders may refuse to lend us additional funds and the lenders or noteholders could declare all of the debt and any accrued interest and fees immediately due and payable. A default under one of our subsidiaries’ debt agreements may trigger a cross-default under our other debt agreements.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

(a)

Recent sales of unregistered securities

None.

(b)

Use of Proceeds from registered securities

None.

(c)

Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers

Under shareholder authorization granted at our annual generally meeting held on June 9, 2020, the Company is authorized to repurchase up to 3.6 million ordinary shares over the next two years at a price per share of not less than $1.00 and not more than $1,000.00. In December 2020, the Company announced our decision to suspend the share repurchase program. There were no share repurchases during the three months ended March 31, 2021. There are 3.6 million ordinary shares available for repurchase under the 2020 share repurchase authorization as of March 31, 2021.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

Item 5. Other Information

None.

Item 6. Exhibits

See Exhibit Index.

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EXHIBIT INDEX

Exhibit 

No.

Description

2.1

Share Purchase Agreement, by and between Trinseo S.A. and Arkema S.A., dated March 19, 2021 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed March 22, 2021)

2.2†*

Amendatory Agreement dated May 3, 2021, in respect of the Share Purchase Agreement by and between Arkema S.A. and Arkema France S.A., on the one hand and Trinseo S.A. dated March 19, 2021

3.1

Amended and Restated Articles of Association of Trinseo S.A., as amended (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2018, filed August 3, 2018)

4.1

Form of Specimen Share Certificate of Trinseo S.A. (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to Amendment No. 3 to the Registration Statement filed on Form S-1, File No. 333-194561, filed May 16, 2014)

4.2

Indenture among Trinseo Materials Operating S.C.A., Trinseo Materials Finance, Inc. and The Bank of New York Mellon, as Trustee, dated as of August 29, 2017 (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K, filed September 5, 2017)

4.3

Indenture among Trinseo Materials Operating S.C.A., Trinseo Materials Finance, Inc. and The Bank of New York Mellon, as Trustee, dated as of March 24, 2021 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed March 24, 2021)

10.1

Warranty Agreement, by and between Trinseo S.A. and Arkema S.A., dated March 19, 2021 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed March 22, 2021)

10.2†

Employment Agreement between Trinseo Europe GmbH and Andre Lanning, dated May 1, 2020

31.1†

Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

31.2†

Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

32.1†

Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

32.2†

Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

101.INS†

XBRL Instance Document – the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document

101.SCH†

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

101.CAL†

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document

101.DEF†

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

101.LAB†

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document

101.PRE†

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

104†

Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted in Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)

†  Filed herewith.

*  Certain schedules and similar attachments have been omitted pursuant to Item 601(b)(2) of Regulation S-K. Trinseo S.A. hereby agrees to furnish supplementally a copy of any omitted schedule to the SEC upon request.

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, duly authorized.

Date: May 7, 2021

TRINSEO S.A.

By:

/s/ Frank Bozich

Name:

Frank Bozich

Title:

President, Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

By:

/s/ David Stasse

Name:

David Stasse

Title:

Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Financial Officer)