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AFIB Acutus Medical

Filed: 12 May 21, 8:00pm

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark one)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021 

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                     to                     

Commission File Number 001-39430

 

 

ACUTUS MEDICAL, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware

45-1306615

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

 

2210 Faraday Ave.,

Suite 100, Carlsbad, CA

92008

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

 

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code) (442) 232-6080

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Trading

Symbol

 

Name of each exchange on which registered 

Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share

 

AFIB

 

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    YES      NO  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    YES      NO  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    YES      NO  

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Class of Common Stock

 

Outstanding Shares as of May 10, 2021

Common Stock, $0.001 par value

 

28,124,057

 

 

 


 

Acutus Medical, Inc.

Form 10-Q

For the Quarter Ended March 31, 2021

Table of Contents

 

 

 

 

 

 

Page

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements

1

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2021 (unaudited) and December 31, 2020

1

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (unaudited)

2

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Convertible Preferred Stock and Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit) for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (unaudited)

3

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020
(unaudited)

4

 

 

 

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

5

 

 

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of the Results of Operations

26

 

 

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

36

 

 

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

37

 

 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

38

 

 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

38

 

 

 

Item 2.

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

38

 

 

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

39

 

 

Signatures

40

 

 

 


 

Item 1. Financial Statements.

Acutus Medical, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

8,631

 

 

$

25,234

 

Marketable securities, short-term

 

 

86,888

 

 

 

105,839

 

Restricted cash

 

 

150

 

 

 

150

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

2,477

 

 

 

2,160

 

Inventory

 

 

13,837

 

 

 

12,958

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

4,124

 

 

 

5,047

 

Total current assets

 

 

116,107

 

 

 

151,388

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marketable securities, long-term

 

 

11,225

 

 

 

8,726

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

14,648

 

 

 

12,356

 

Right-of-use assets, net

 

 

1,480

 

 

 

1,669

 

Intangible assets, net

 

 

5,493

 

 

 

5,653

 

Goodwill

 

 

12,026

 

 

 

12,026

 

Other assets

 

 

967

 

 

 

717

 

Total assets

 

$

161,946

 

 

$

192,535

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

6,108

 

 

$

8,266

 

Accrued liabilities

 

 

8,808

 

 

 

7,308

 

Contingent consideration, short-term

 

 

2,600

 

 

 

5,400

 

Operating lease liabilities, short-term

 

 

955

 

 

 

933

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

18,471

 

 

 

21,907

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating lease liabilities, long-term

 

 

875

 

 

 

1,134

 

Long-term debt

 

 

39,339

 

 

 

39,011

 

Contingent consideration, long-term

 

 

3,000

 

 

 

3,900

 

Total liabilities

 

 

61,685

 

 

 

65,952

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 12)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders' equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 5,000,000 shares authorized as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020; 0 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value; 260,000,000 shares authorized as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020; 28,113,165 and 27,991,425 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively

 

 

28

 

 

 

28

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

490,369

 

 

 

487,290

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(390,196

)

 

 

(361,015

)

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

 

60

 

 

 

280

 

Total stockholders' equity

 

 

100,261

 

 

 

126,583

 

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

 

$

161,946

 

 

$

192,535

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

1


 

Acutus Medical, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

(unaudited)

 

Revenue

 

$

3,591

 

 

$

1,583

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Costs and operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of products sold

 

 

6,955

 

 

 

3,194

 

Research and development

 

 

9,370

 

 

 

7,973

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

 

16,252

 

 

 

10,235

 

Change in fair value of contingent consideration

 

 

(1,153

)

 

 

(2,219

)

Total costs and operating expenses

 

 

31,424

 

 

 

19,183

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(27,833

)

 

 

(17,600

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in fair value of warrant liability

 

 

 

 

 

581

 

Interest income

 

 

40

 

 

 

275

 

Interest expense

 

 

(1,388

)

 

 

(1,354

)

Total other expense, net

 

 

(1,348

)

 

 

(498

)

Loss before income taxes

 

 

(29,181

)

 

 

(18,098

)

Income tax benefit

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(29,181

)

 

$

(18,098

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized gain (loss) on marketable securities

 

 

6

 

 

 

(27

)

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

(226

)

 

 

(27

)

Comprehensive loss

 

$

(29,401

)

 

$

(18,152

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss per common share, basic and diluted

 

$

(1.04

)

 

$

(25.84

)

Weighted average shares outstanding, basic and diluted

 

 

28,031,686

 

 

 

700,505

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

2


 

 

Acutus Medical, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Convertible Preferred Stock and Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

��

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

(in thousands, except share amounts)

Common Stock

 

 

Additional

Paid-in

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

Other

Comprehensive

 

 

Total

Stockholders'

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Capital

 

 

Deficit

 

 

Income (Loss)

 

 

Equity

 

Balance as of December 31, 2020

 

 

27,991,425

 

 

$

28

 

 

$

487,290

 

 

$

(361,015

)

 

$

280

 

 

$

126,583

 

Unrealized gain on marketable securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

6

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(226

)

 

 

(226

)

Stock option exercises

 

 

27,509

 

 

 

 

 

 

169

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

169

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

94,231

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,910

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,910

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(29,181

)

 

 

 

 

 

(29,181

)

Balance as of March 31, 2021 (unaudited)

 

 

28,113,165

 

 

$

28

 

 

$

490,369

 

 

$

(390,196

)

 

$

60

 

 

$

100,261

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020

 

 

 

Series A

 

 

Series B

 

 

Series C

 

 

Series D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

(in thousands, except share amounts)

 

Convertible Preferred

Stock

 

 

Convertible Preferred

Stock

 

 

Convertible Preferred

Stock

 

 

Convertible Preferred

Stock

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

 

Additional

Paid-in

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

Other

Comprehensive

 

 

Total

Stockholders'

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Capital

 

 

Deficit

 

 

Income (Loss)

 

 

(Deficit)

 

Balance as of December 31, 2019

 

 

391,210

 

 

$

3,059

 

 

 

3,088,444

 

 

$

40,685

 

 

 

4,499,921

 

 

$

74,575

 

 

 

8,200,297

 

 

$

135,039

 

 

 

 

695,902

 

 

$

1

 

 

$

33,252

 

 

$

(259,034

)

 

$

(30

)

 

$

(225,811

)

Unrealized loss on marketable securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(27

)

 

 

(27

)

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(27

)

 

 

(27

)

Issuance of Series D convertible

   preferred stock for the

   Biotronik Asset Purchase

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

273,070

 

 

 

5,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of Series D convertible

   preferred stock for the

   contingent consideration

   related to the Rhythm Xience

   Acquisition

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

119,993

 

 

 

2,197

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14,962

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,741

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,741

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(18,098

)

 

 

 

 

 

(18,098

)

Balance as of March 31, 2020 (unaudited)

 

 

391,210

 

 

$

3,059

 

 

 

3,088,444

 

 

$

40,685

 

 

 

4,499,921

 

 

$

74,575

 

 

 

8,593,360

 

 

$

142,236

 

 

 

 

710,864

 

 

$

1

 

 

$

34,993

 

 

$

(277,132

)

 

$

(84

)

 

$

(242,222

)

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

3


 

 

Acutus Medical, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

(in thousands)

 

(unaudited)

 

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(29,181

)

 

$

(18,098

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation expense

 

 

1,241

 

 

 

429

 

Amortization of intangible assets

 

 

160

 

 

 

110

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

2,910

 

 

 

1,741

 

Amortization of premiums/(accretion of discounts) on marketable securities, net

 

 

412

 

 

 

(5

)

Amortization of debt issuance costs

 

 

328

 

 

 

154

 

Amortization of right-of-use assets

 

 

180

 

 

 

169

 

Change in fair value of warrant liability

 

 

 

 

 

(581

)

Change in fair value of contingent consideration

 

 

(1,153

)

 

 

(2,219

)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

(317

)

 

 

(708

)

Inventory

 

 

(879

)

 

 

(1,809

)

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

1,104

 

 

 

214

 

Other assets

 

 

(250

)

 

 

(267

)

Accounts payable

 

 

(2,091

)

 

 

3,602

 

Accrued liabilities

 

 

1,500

 

 

 

(83

)

Operating lease liabilities

 

 

(237

)

 

 

(207

)

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(26,273

)

 

 

(17,558

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of available-for-sale marketable securities

 

 

(9,135

)

 

 

 

Sales of available-for-sale marketable securities

 

 

 

 

 

8,100

 

Maturities of available-for-sale marketable securities

 

 

25,000

 

 

 

25,300

 

Purchases of property and equipment

 

 

(3,693

)

 

 

(1,683

)

Net cash provided by investing activities

 

 

12,172

 

 

 

31,717

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Payment of contingent consideration

 

 

(2,547

)

 

 

(2,584

)

Proceeds from stock options exercises

 

 

169

 

 

 

 

Net cash used in financing activities

 

 

(2,378

)

 

 

(2,584

)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

 

(124

)

 

 

(27

)

Net change in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

 

(16,603

)

 

 

11,548

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, at the beginning of the period

 

 

25,384

 

 

 

9,602

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, at the end of the period

 

$

8,781

 

 

$

21,150

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for income taxes

 

$

35

 

 

$

 

Cash paid for interest

 

$

1,125

 

 

$

1,188

 

Supplemental disclosure of noncash investing and financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of Series D convertible preferred stock for Biotronik asset purchase

 

$

 

 

$

5,000

 

Issuance of Series D convertible preferred stock for Rhythm Xience Acquisition

 

$

 

 

$

2,197

 

Change in unrealized (gain) loss on marketable securities

 

$

(6

)

 

$

27

 

Unpaid purchases of property and equipment

 

$

(67

)

 

$

119

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

4


 

 

Acutus Medical, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

Note 1—Organization and Description of Business

Acutus Medical, Inc. (the “Company”) is an arrhythmia management company focused on improving the way cardiac arrhythmias are diagnosed and treated. The Company designs, manufactures and markets a range of tools for catheter-based ablation procedures to treat various arrhythmias. The Company’s product portfolio includes novel access sheaths, transseptal crossing tools, diagnostic and mapping catheters, ablation catheters, mapping and imaging consoles and accessories, as well as supporting algorithms and software programs. The Company was incorporated in the state of Delaware on March 25, 2011, and is located in Carlsbad, California.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

The Company has limited revenue, has incurred operating losses since inception and expects to continue to incur significant operating losses for at least the next several years and may never become profitable. As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $390.2 million and $361.0 million, respectively, and working capital of $97.6 million and $129.5 million, respectively. The Company has historically funded its operations primarily through the sale of debt and equity securities, as well as other indebtedness. With the closing of the Company’s initial public offering (“IPO”) in August 2020, the Company’s current cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities are sufficient to fund operations for at least the next 12 months. However, the Company may need to raise additional funds through the issuance of additional debt, equity or both. Until such time, if ever, the Company can generate revenue sufficient to achieve profitability, the Company expects to finance its operations through equity or debt financings, which may not be available to the Company on the timing needed or on terms that the Company deems to be favorable. To the extent that the Company raises additional capital through the sale of equity or convertible debt securities, the ownership interest of its stockholders will be diluted, and the terms of these securities may include liquidation or other preferences that adversely affect the rights of common stockholders. Debt financing and preferred equity financing, if available, may involve agreements that include covenants limiting or restricting the Company’s ability to take specific actions, such as incurring additional debt, making acquisitions or capital expenditures or declaring dividends. If the Company is unable to maintain sufficient financial resources, its business, financial condition and results of operations will be materially and adversely affected. The Company may be required to delay, limit, reduce or terminate its product discovery and development activities or future commercialization efforts. There can be no assurance that the Company will be able to obtain the needed financing on acceptable terms or at all.

Impact of COVID-19

Beginning in early March 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic and the measures imposed to contain this pandemic disrupted and are expected to continue to impact our business. For example, on March 19, 2020, the Executive Department of the State of California issued Executive Order N-33-20, ordering all individuals in the State of California to stay home or at their place of residence except as needed to maintain continuity of operations of the federal critical infrastructure sectors. Our primary operations are located in Carlsbad, California. As a result of such order, the majority of our employees have telecommuted, which may impact certain of our operations over the near term and long term. Moreover, beginning in March 2020, access to hospitals and other customer sites was restricted to essential personnel, which negatively impacted our ability to install our AcQMap consoles and workstations in new accounts and for our sales representatives and mappers to promote the use of our products with physicians. Moreover, hospitals and other therapeutic centers suspended many elective procedures, resulting in a significantly reduced volume of procedures using our products. In addition, all clinical trials in Europe were suspended with follow-ups for clinical trials done via telecom, and we believe enrollment timing in our planned clinical trials will be slowed due to COVID-19 driven delayed access to enrollment sites. As a result of the interruptions to our business due to COVID-19, we enacted a cash conservation program, which included delaying certain non-critical capital expenditures and other projects and implementing a hiring freeze, headcount reductions and temporary compensation reductions (through August 2020). The effects of the pandemic began to decrease in late April 2020 as electrophysiology labs began reopening and procedure volumes began increasing as compared to COVID-19 related low points in March 2020. Our IPO in August 2020 provided resources sufficient to restore compensation reductions to pre-COVID levels, as well as to restart hiring and capital expenditures in support of our growth. The second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic was initially observed negatively impacting electrophysiology procedural activity early during the fourth quarter of 2020 and we are continuing to see hospitals focusing on these patients and slowing elective procedures. During the first quarter of 2021, we saw the suspension of many elective procedures in many hospitals, resulting in reduced volume of procedures using our products. Access restrictions in certain hospitals have slowed our ability to install our AcQMap consoles and workstations in new accounts and for our sales representatives and mappers to promote the use of our products with physicians. The magnitude of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our productivity, results of operations and financial position, and its disruption to our business and our clinical programs and timelines, will depend, in part, on the length and severity of the pandemic, associated restrictions and other measures designed to prevent the spread of COVID-19 and on our ability to conduct business in the ordinary course. Quarantines, shelter-in-place and similar government orders have also impacted, and may continue to impact, our third-party manufacturers and suppliers, and could in turn adversely impact the availability or cost of materials, which could disrupt our supply chain.

5


 

Note 2—Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, the condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, which include only normal recurring adjustments necessary for the fair statement of the balances and results for the periods presented. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in the Company’s annual financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted. These condensed consolidated financial statement results are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the full fiscal year or any future period.

Principles of Consolidation

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Acutus Medical, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiary Acutus Medical NV (“Acutus NV”), which was incorporated under the laws of Belgium in August 2013. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Use of Estimates and Assumptions

The preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, expenses and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities. The most significant estimates and assumptions in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements include, but are not limited to, revenue recognition, useful lives of intangible assets, assessment of impairment of goodwill, provisions for income taxes, measurement of operating lease liabilities, and the fair value of common stock, stock options, warrants, intangible assets, contingent consideration and goodwill. These estimates and assumptions are based on current facts, historical experience and various other factors believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities and the recording of expenses that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Segments

Operating segments are identified as components of an enterprise about which separate discrete financial information is available for evaluation by the chief operating decision maker in making decisions regarding resource allocation and assessing performance. The Company views its operations and manages its business in 1 operating segment.

Cash and Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash

The Company considers all highly liquid investments with maturities of three months or less when purchased to be cash equivalents. All of the Company’s cash equivalents have liquid markets and high credit ratings. The Company maintains its cash in bank deposits and other accounts, the balances of which, at times and as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, exceeded federally insured limits.

Restricted cash serves as collateral for the Company’s corporate credit card program. The following table reconciles cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash in the condensed consolidated balance sheets to the total shown on the condensed consolidated statement of cash flows (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

8,631

 

 

$

25,234

 

Restricted cash

 

 

150

 

 

 

150

 

Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

$

8,781

 

 

$

25,384

 

Marketable Securities

The Company considers its debt securities to be available-for-sale securities. Available-for-sale securities are classified as cash equivalents or short-term or long-term marketable securities based on the maturity date at time of purchase and their availability to meet current operating requirements. Marketable securities that mature in three months or less from the date of purchase are classified

6


 

as cash equivalents. Marketable securities, excluding cash equivalents, that mature in one year or less are classified as short-term available-for-sale securities and are reported as a component of current assets.

Securities that are classified as available-for-sale are measured at fair value with temporary unrealized gains and losses reported in other comprehensive loss, and as a component of stockholders’ equity (deficit) until their disposition or maturity. See “Fair Value Measurements” below. The Company reviews all available-for-sale securities at each period end to determine if they remain available-for-sale based on the Company’s current intent and ability to sell the security if it is required to do so. Realized gains and losses from the sale of marketable securities, if any, are calculated using the specific-identification method.

Marketable securities are subject to a periodic impairment review. The Company may recognize an impairment charge when a decline in the fair value of investments below the cost basis is determined to be other-than-temporary. In determining whether a decline in market value is other-than-temporary, various factors are considered, including the cause, duration of time and severity of the impairment, any adverse changes in the investees’ financial condition and the Company’s intent and ability to hold the security for a period of time sufficient to allow for an anticipated recovery in market value. Declines in value judged to be other-than-temporary are included in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss. The Company did 0t record any other-than-temporary impairments related to marketable securities in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

Concentrations of Credit Risk and Off-Balance Sheet Risk

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to credit risk consist principally of cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable and marketable securities. Cash and restricted cash are maintained in accounts with financial institutions, which, at times may exceed the Federal depository insurance coverage of $0.25 million. The Company has not experienced losses on these accounts and management believes, based upon the quality of the financial institutions, that the credit risk with regard to these deposits is not significant. The Company’s marketable securities portfolio consists of investments in commercial paper, U.S. treasury securities, asset-backed securities and short-term high credit quality corporate debt securities.

Revenue from Contracts with Customers

The Company accounts for revenue earned from contracts with customers under Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”). The core principle of the revenue standard is that a company should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The following five steps are applied to achieve that core principle:

Step 1: Identify the contract with the customer.

Step 2: Identify the performance obligations in the contract.

Step 3: Determine the transaction price.

Step 4: Allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract.

Step 5: Recognize revenue when, or as, the company satisfies a performance obligation.

The Company usually places its medical diagnostic equipment, AcQMap System, at customer sites under loan agreements and generates revenue from the sale of disposable products used with the AcQMap System. Disposable products include AcQMap Catheters and AcQGuide Steerable Sheaths. The Company provides the disposable products in exchange for consideration, which occurs when a customer submits a purchase order and the Company provides disposables at the agreed upon prices in the invoice. Generally, customers purchase disposable products using separate purchase orders after the equipment has been provided to the customer for free with no binding agreement or requirement to purchase any disposable products. The Company also sells the AcQMap System to customers along with software updates on a when-and-if-available basis and equipment service. The Company has elected the practical expedient and accounting policy election to account for the shipping and handling as activities to fulfill the promise to transfer the disposable products and not as a separate performance obligation.

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company entered into deferred equipment agreements that are generally structured such that the Company agrees to provide an AcQMap System at 0 up-front charge, with title of the device transferring to the customer at the end of the contract term, in exchange for the customer’s commitment to purchase disposables at a specified price over the term of the agreement, which generally ranges from two to four years. The Company determined that the deferred equipment agreements include embedded sales-type leases. The Company allocates contract consideration under deferred equipment agreements containing fixed annual disposable purchase commitments to the underlying lease and non-lease components at contract inception. The Company expenses the cost of the device at the inception of the agreement and records a financial lease asset equal to the gross consideration allocated to the lease. The lease asset will be reduced by payments for minimum disposable purchases that are allocated to the lease.

7


 

The Company’s contracts only include fixed consideration. There are no discounts, rebates, returns or other forms of variable consideration. Customers are generally required to pay within 30 to 60 days.

The delivery of disposable products are performance obligations satisfied at a point in time. The disposable products are shipped Free on Board (“FOB”) shipping point or FOB destination. For disposable products that are shipped FOB shipping point, the customer has the significant risks and rewards of ownership and legal title to the assets when the disposable products leave the Company’s shipping facilities, thus the customer obtains control and revenue is recognized at that point in time. Revenue is recognized on delivery for disposable products shipped via FOB destination.

The installation and delivery of the AcQMap System is satisfied at a point in time when the installation is complete, which is when the customer can benefit and has control of the system. The Company’s software updates and equipment service performance obligations are satisfied evenly over time as the customer simultaneously receives and consumes the benefits of the Company’s performance for these services throughout the service period.

The Company allocates the transaction price to each performance obligation identified in the contract based on the relative standalone selling price (“SSP”). The Company determines SSP for the purposes of allocating the transaction price to each performance obligation based on the adjusted market assessment approach that maximizes the use of observable inputs, which includes, but is not limited to, transactions where the specific performance obligations are sold separately, list prices, and offers to customers.

The Company’s contracts with customers generally have an expected duration of one year or less, and therefore the Company has elected the practical expedient in ASC 606 to not disclose information about its remaining performance obligations. Any incremental costs to obtain contracts are recorded as selling, general and administrative expense as incurred due to the short duration of the Company’s contracts. The Company’s contract balances consisted solely of accounts receivable as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020.

In May 2020, the Company entered into bi-lateral distribution agreements with Biotronik SE & Co. KG (“Biotronik”) (the “Bi-Lateral Distribution Agreements”). Pursuant to the Bi-Lateral Distribution Agreements, the Company obtained a non-exclusive license to distribute a range of Biotronik’s products and accessories in the United States, Canada, China, Hong Kong and multiple Western European countries under the Company’s private label. Moreover, if an investigational device exemption (“IDE”) clinical trial is required for these products to obtain regulatory approval in the United States, or a clinical trial is required for these products to obtain regulatory approval in China, the Company will obtain an exclusive distribution right in such territories for a term of up to five years commencing on the date of regulatory approval if the Company covers the cost of the IDE or other clinical trial and the Company conducts such study within a specified period. Biotronik also agreed to distribute the Company’s products and accessories in Germany, Japan, Mexico, Switzerland and multiple countries in Asia-Pacific, Eastern Europe, the Middle East and South America. The Company also granted Biotronik a co-exclusive right to distribute these products in Hong Kong. Each party will pay to the other party specified transfer prices on the sale of the other party’s products and, accordingly, will earn a distribution margin on the sale of the other party’s products.

The following table sets forth the Company’s revenue for disposables, systems, and service/other for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (in thousands):

 

 

 

Three Month Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

Acutus Direct

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Disposables

 

$

1,783

 

 

$

1,017

 

Systems

 

 

613

 

 

 

520

 

Service/Other

 

 

35

 

 

 

10

 

Total Acutus direct revenue

 

 

2,431

 

 

 

1,547

 

Distribution agreements

 

 

1,160

 

 

 

36

 

Total revenue

 

$

3,591

 

 

$

1,583

 

8


 

 

The following table provides revenue by geographic location for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (in thousands):

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

Acutus Direct

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United States

 

$

1,468

 

 

$

770

 

Europe

 

 

963

 

 

 

777

 

Total Acutus direct revenue

 

 

2,431

 

 

 

1,547

 

Distribution Agreements

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United States

 

 

113

 

 

 

 

Europe

 

 

1,047

 

 

 

36

 

Total revenue through distribution

 

 

1,160

 

 

 

36

 

Total revenue

 

$

3,591

 

 

$

1,583

 

Inventory

Inventory is comprised of raw materials, direct labor and manufacturing overhead and is stated at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out basis) or net realizable value. The Company recorded write-downs for excess and obsolete inventory based on management’s review of inventories on hand, compared to estimated future usage and sales, shelf-life and assumptions about the likelihood of obsolescence of $0.1 million for each of the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.  

Accounts Receivable

Trade accounts receivable are recorded net of allowances for uncollectible accounts. The Company evaluates the collectability of its accounts receivable based on various factors including historical experience, the length of time the receivables are past due and the financial health of the customer. The Company reserves specific receivables if collectability is no longer reasonably assured. Based upon the assessment of these factors, the Company did 0t record an allowance for uncollectible accounts as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020.

Property and Equipment, Net

Property and equipment are recorded at cost. Depreciation and amortization are provided using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the related assets, generally three to five years, or, in the case of leasehold improvements, over the lesser of the useful life of the related asset or the lease term.

Intangible Assets

Intangible assets consist of acquired developed technology, acquired in-process technology, trademarks and trade names and a customer-related intangible which were acquired as part of the acquisition of Rhythm Xience, Inc. (“Rhythm Xience”) in June 2019. The Company determines the appropriate useful life of its finite-lived intangible assets by performing an analysis of expected cash flows of the acquired assets. Finite-lived intangible assets are amortized over their estimated useful lives using the straight-line method, which approximates the pattern in which the economic benefits are consumed. Acquired in-process technology was classified as an indefinite-lived intangible asset, until the receipt of Food and Drug Administration (the “FDA”) approval for the technology in January 2020. Once the FDA approval was received, the in-process technology was classified as a finite-lived intangible and amortization for in-process technology began. Indefinite-lived intangible assets are tested for impairment at least annually and are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Indefinite-lived intangible assets are impaired if their estimated fair values are less than their carrying value.

Goodwill

Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price of an entity over the estimated fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed, and it is presented as goodwill in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. Under ASC 350, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other (“ASC 350”), goodwill is not amortized but is subject to periodic impairment testing. ASC 350 requires that an entity assign its goodwill to reporting units and test each reporting unit’s goodwill for impairment at least on an annual basis and between annual tests if an event occurs or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of a reporting unit below its carrying amount. In the evaluation of goodwill for impairment, which is performed annually during the fourth quarter, the Company first assesses qualitative factors to determine whether the existence of events or circumstances led to a determination that it was more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. If, after assessing the totality of events or circumstances, it is determined that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying

9


 

amount, the Company is required to perform the quantitative goodwill impairment test. The Company has 1 reporting unit. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, the qualitative testing did not indicate any impairment for the carrying amount of goodwill.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

The Company reviews long-lived assets, including property and equipment and finite-lived intangible assets, for impairment whenever events or changes in business circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets may not be fully recoverable. An impairment loss is recognized when the asset’s carrying value exceeds the total undiscounted cash flows expected from its use and eventual disposition. The amount of the impairment loss is determined as the excess of the carrying value of the asset over its fair value. For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company determined that there was 0 impairment of property and equipment or intangible assets.

Foreign Currency Translation and Transactions

The assets, liabilities and results of operations of Acutus NV are measured using their functional currency, the Euro, which is the currency of the primary foreign economic environment in which this subsidiary operates. Upon consolidating this entity with the Company, its assets and liabilities are translated to U.S. dollars at currency exchange rates as of the balance sheet date and its revenues and expenses are translated at the weighted average currency exchange rates during the applicable reporting periods. Translation adjustments resulting from the process of translating this entity’s financial statements are reported in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) in the condensed consolidated balance sheets and foreign currency translation adjustment in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.  

Lessee Leases

The Company accounts for its lessee leases under ASC 842, Leases (“ASC 842”). Under this guidance, arrangements meeting the definition of a lease are classified as operating or financing leases, and are recorded on the condensed consolidated balance sheet as both a right-of-use asset and a lease liability, calculated by discounting fixed lease payments over the lease term at the rate implicit in the lease or the Company’s incremental borrowing rate. Lease liabilities are increased by interest and reduced by payments each period, and the right-of-use asset is amortized over the lease term. For operating leases, interest on the lease liability and the amortization of the right-of-use asset results in straight-line rent expense over the lease term. Variable lease expenses are recorded when incurred.

In calculating the right-of-use asset and lease liability, the Company elects to combine lease and non-lease components. The Company excludes short-term leases having initial terms of 12 months or less from the new guidance as an accounting policy election.

Cost of Products Sold

Cost of products sold includes raw materials, direct labor, manufacturing overhead, shipping and receiving costs and other less significant indirect costs related to the production of the Company’s products.

Research and Development

The Company is actively engaged in new product research and development efforts. Research and development expenses consist primarily of salaries and employee-related costs (including stock-based compensation) for personnel directly engaged in research and development activities, clinical trial expenses, equipment costs, material costs, allocated rent and facilities costs and depreciation.

Research and development expenses relating to possible future products are expensed as incurred. The Company also accrues and expenses costs for activities associated with clinical trials performed by third parties as incurred. All other costs relative to setting up clinical trial sites are expensed as incurred. Clinical trial site costs related to patient enrollment are accrued as patients are entered into the trials.

Selling, General and Administrative

Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses consist primarily of salaries and employee-related costs (including stock-based compensation) for personnel in sales, executive, finance and other administrative functions, allocated rent and facilities costs, legal fees relating to intellectual property and corporate matters, professional fees for accounting and consulting services, marketing costs and insurance costs. The Company expenses all SG&A costs as incurred.

10


 

Fair Value Measurements

Fair value measurements are based on the premise that fair value is an exit price representing the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. As such, fair value is a market-based measurement that should be determined based on assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability. As a basis for considering such assumptions, the following three-tier fair value hierarchy has been used in determining the inputs used in measuring fair value:

Level 1—Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2—Observable inputs other than Level 1 prices for similar assets or liabilities that are directly or indirectly observable in the marketplace.

Level 3—Unobservable inputs which are supported by little or no market activity and that are financial instruments whose values are determined using pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies or similar techniques, as well as instruments for which the determination of fair value requires significant judgment or estimation.

Financial instruments measured at fair value are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Management’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment and considers factors specific to the asset or liability. The use of different assumptions and/or estimation methodologies may have a material effect on estimated fair values. Accordingly, the fair value estimates disclosed or initial amounts recorded may not be indicative of the amount that the Company or holders of the instruments could realize in a current market exchange. There were no transfers made among the three levels in the fair value hierarchy for three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company’s cash (excluding cash equivalents which are recorded at fair value on a recurring basis), restricted cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued expenses were carried at cost, which approximates the fair values due to the short-term nature of the instruments.

The carrying amount of the Company’s long-term debt approximates fair value due to its variable market interest rate and management’s opinion that current rates and terms that would be available to the Company with the same maturity and security structure would be essentially equivalent to that of the Company’s long-term debt.

The following tables classify the Company’s financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis into the fair value hierarchy as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (in thousands):

 

 

 

Fair Value Measured as of March 31, 2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quoted

Prices

in Active

Markets for

Identical

Assets

(Level 1)

 

 

Significant

Other

Observable

Inputs

(Level 2)

 

 

Significant

Unobservable

Inputs

(Level 3)

 

 

Fair Value at

March 31,

2021

 

Assets included in:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Money market securities

 

$

7,569

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

7,569

 

Marketable securities at fair value

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt securities

 

 

 

 

 

34,359

 

 

 

 

 

 

34,359

 

U.S. treasury securities

 

 

 

 

 

20,354

 

 

 

 

 

 

20,354

 

Commercial paper

 

 

 

 

 

32,175

 

 

 

 

 

 

32,175

 

Asset-backed securities

 

 

 

 

 

11,225

 

 

 

 

 

 

11,225

 

Total fair value

 

$

7,569

 

 

$

98,113

 

 

$

 

 

$

105,682

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities included in:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contingent consideration

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

5,600

 

 

$

5,600

 

Total fair value

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

5,600

 

 

$

5,600

 

11


 

 

 

 

 

Fair Value Measured as of December 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quoted

Prices

in Active

Markets for

Identical

Assets

(Level 1)

 

 

Significant

Other

Observable

Inputs

(Level 2)

 

 

Significant

Unobservable

Inputs

(Level 3)

 

 

Fair Value at

December 31,

2020

 

Assets included in:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Money market securities

 

$

19,070

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

19,070

 

Marketable securities at fair value

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt securities

 

 

 

 

 

31,353

 

 

 

 

 

 

31,353

 

Asset-backed securities

 

 

 

 

 

8,726

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,726

 

U.S. treasury securities

 

 

 

 

 

20,531

 

 

 

 

 

 

20,531

 

Commercial paper

 

 

 

 

 

53,955

 

 

 

 

 

 

53,955

 

Total fair value

 

$

19,070

 

 

$

114,565

 

 

$

 

 

$

133,635

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities included in:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contingent consideration

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

9,300

 

 

$

9,300

 

Total fair value

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

9,300

 

 

$

9,300

 

 

The fair value of the Company’s money market funds is determined using quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets.

The Company’s portfolio of marketable securities is comprised of commercial paper, asset-backed securities, U.S. treasury securities and short-term highly liquid, high credit quality corporate debt securities. The fair value for the available-for-sale marketable securities is determined based on valuation models using inputs that are observable either directly or indirectly (Level 2 inputs), such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, yield curve, volatility factors, credit spreads, default rates, loss severity, current market and contractual prices for the underlying instruments or debt, broker and dealer quotes, as well as other relevant economic measures.

The following table presents changes in Level 3 liabilities measured at fair value for the three months ended March 31, 2021 (in thousands):

 

 

 

Contingent

Consideration

 

Balance, December 31, 2020

 

$

9,300

 

Payment of contingent consideration

 

 

(2,547

)

Change in fair value

 

 

(1,153

)

Balance, March 31, 2021 (unaudited)

 

$

5,600

 

 

Unrealized gains and losses associated with liabilities within the Level 3 category include changes in fair value that were attributable to both observable (e.g., changes in market interest rates) and unobservable (e.g., changes in unobservable long-dated volatilities) inputs.

12


 

The fair value of the contingent consideration from the acquisition of Rhythm Xience represents the estimated fair value of future payments due to the sellers of Rhythm Xience based on the achievement of certain milestones and revenue-based targets in certain years. The initial fair value of the revenue-based contingent consideration was calculated through the use of a Monte Carlo simulation using revenue projections for the respective earn-out period, corresponding targets and approximate timing of payments as outlined in the purchase agreement. The analyses used the following assumptions: (i) expected term; (ii) risk-adjusted net sales or earnings; (iii) risk-free interest rate and (iv) expected volatility of earnings. Estimated payments, as determined through the respective model, were further discounted by a credit spread assumption to account for credit risk. The fair value of the milestones-based contingent consideration was determined by probability weighting and discounting to the respective valuation date at the Company’s cost of debt. The Company’s cost of debt was determined by performing a synthetic credit rating for the Company and selecting yields based on companies with a similar credit rating. The contingent consideration is revalued to fair value each period, and any increase or decrease is recorded in operating loss. The fair value of the contingent consideration may be impacted by certain unobservable inputs, most significantly with regard to discount rates, expected volatility and historical and projected performance. Significant changes to these inputs in isolation could result in a significantly different fair value measurement. The weighted average (in aggregate) significant unobservable inputs (Level 3 inputs) used in measuring the contingent consideration from the acquisition of Rhythm Xience as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 were as follows:

 

 

 

March 31, 2021

 

 

December 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Risk-free interest rate

 

0.30%

 

 

0.20%

 

 

Expected term in years

 

1.0 - 2.0

 

 

1.0 - 2.0

 

 

Expected volatility

 

20.6%

 

 

17.2%

 

 

 

Stock-Based Compensation

The Company accounts for all stock-based payments to employees and non-employees, including grants of stock options, restricted stock awards (“RSAs”), restricted stock units (“RSUs”) and restricted stock units with non-market performance and service conditions (“PSUs”) to be recognized in the condensed consolidated financial statements, based on their respective grant date fair values. The Company estimates the fair value of stock option grants using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The RSAs, RSUs and PSUs are valued based on the fair value of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant. The assumptions used in calculating the fair value of stock-based awards represent management’s best estimates and involve inherent uncertainties and the application of management’s judgment. The Company expenses stock-based compensation related to stock options, RSAs and RSUs over the requisite service period. As the PSUs have a performance condition, compensation expense was recognized for each vesting tranche over the respective requisite service period of each tranche upon the registration statement used in connection with the Company’s IPO being declared effective on August 5, 2020, when the Company’s management deemed it probable that the performance conditions were satisfied. The Company recognized a cumulative true-up adjustment related to PSUs once the conditions became probable of being satisfied as the related service period had been completed in a prior period. All stock-based compensation costs are recorded in cost of products sold, research and development expense or SG&A expense in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss based upon the respective employee’s or non-employee’s roles within the Company. Forfeitures are recorded as they occur. See “Note 16—Stock-Based Compensation” below.

Income Taxes

Income taxes are recorded in accordance with ASC 740, Income Taxes (“ASC 740”), which provides for deferred taxes using an asset and liability approach. The Company recognizes deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the condensed consolidated financial statements or tax returns. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the difference between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse, and net operating loss carryforwards and research and development tax credit carryforwards. Valuation allowances are provided if, based upon the weight of available evidence, it is more likely than not that some or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized.

The Company accounts for uncertain tax positions in accordance with the provisions of ASC 740. When uncertain tax positions exist, the Company recognizes the tax benefit of tax positions to the extent that the benefit will more likely than not be realized assuming examination by the taxing authority. The determination as to whether the tax benefit will more likely than not be realized is based upon the technical merits of the tax position as well as consideration of the available facts and circumstances. To date, there have been 0 interest or penalties charged in relation to the unrecognized tax benefits.

13


 

Warrant Liability

The Company accounted for certain common stock warrants and convertible preferred stock warrants outstanding as a liability, in accordance with ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging (“ASC 815”), at fair value. This liability was subject to re-measurement at each reporting period and upon conversion to equity-classified warrants, and any change in fair value is recognized in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss. In connection with the IPO on August 10, 2020, the common stock warrants and convertible preferred stock warrants that had been liability-classified, were automatically converted into an equal number of warrants to purchase common stock and became equity-classified. The fair value of the outstanding liability on the conversion date was reclassified to additional paid-in capital in the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheet.  

Business Combinations

The Company accounts for business acquisitions using the acquisition method of accounting based on ASC 805, which requires recognition and measurement of all identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed at their fair value as of the date control is obtained. The Company determines the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed based upon its best estimates of the acquisition-date fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in the acquisition. Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the net tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired. Subsequent adjustments to fair value of any contingent consideration are recorded to the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

In December 2019, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, which is intended to simplify various aspects related to accounting for income taxes. ASU No. 2019-12 removes certain exceptions to the general principles in ASC 740 and also clarifies and amends existing guidance to improve consistent application. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2020, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted this guidance in the first quarter of 2021, which did not have a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements.

Accounting Pronouncements to Be Adopted

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326). The ASU sets forth a “current expected credit loss” model which requires the Company to measure all expected credit losses for financial instruments held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions and reasonable supportable forecasts. This replaces the existing incurred loss model and is applicable to the measurement of credit losses on financial assets measured at amortized cost, available-for-sale debt securities and applies to certain off-balance sheet credit exposures. This ASU is effective for smaller reporting companies in 2023. The Company is currently assessing the impact of the adoption of this ASU on its condensed consolidated financial statements.

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting, which provides temporary optional guidance to ease the potential burden in accounting for reference rate reform. The new guidance provides optional expedients and exceptions for applying U.S. GAAP to transactions affected by reference rate reform if certain criteria are met. These transactions include contract modifications, hedging relationships and sale or transfer of debt securities classified as held-to-maturity. Entities may apply the provisions of the new standard as of the beginning of the reporting period when the election is made (i.e., as early as the first quarter of 2020). Unlike other topics, the provisions of this update are only available until December 31, 2022, when the reference rate replacement activity is expected to have been completed. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this standard on its condensed consolidated financial statements and has yet to elect an adoption date.

Note 3—Asset Acquisition and Business Combination

Biotronik Asset Acquisition

In July 2019, the Company entered into a License and Distribution Agreement with the Biotronik and VascoMed GmbH (the “Biotronik Parties”) to obtain certain licenses to the Biotronik Parties’ patents, whereby the Company acquired certain manufacturing equipment and obtained from the Biotronik Parties a license under certain patents and technology to develop, commercialize, distribute and manufacture the AcQBlate Force ablation catheters and Qubic Force device. In exchange for the rights granted to the Company, the Company made cash payments totaling $10.0 million during the year ended December 31, 2019, and issued 273,070 shares of Series D convertible preferred stock for $5.0 million during the three months ended March 31, 2020. The implied value of $5.0 million was recorded as an accrued liability as of December 31, 2019. In accordance with ASC 805, the Biotronik Asset Acquisition was accounted for as an asset acquisition as substantially all of the $15.0 million value transferred to Biotronik was allocated to intellectual property. On the acquisition date, the products licensed had not yet received regulatory approval and the intellectual property did not have an alternative use. Accordingly, the $15.0 million paid to Biotronik was immediately charged to research and development expense—licensed acquired in the condensed consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive loss in July 2019.

14


 

 

Additional contingent milestone payments of up to $10.0 million, of which $2.0 million has been paid as of March 31, 2021, are to be made to the Biotronik Parties contingent upon certain regulatory approvals and first commercial sale. In further consideration of the rights granted, beginning with the Company’s first commercial sale of the first force sensing ablation catheter within the licensed product line, the Company will also make per unit royalty payments. The Company determined that the remaining $8.0 million contingent milestone and royalty payments are not probable and estimable and therefore have not been recorded as a liability as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020. Upon regulatory approval in December 2020 of the Company’s force sensing ablation catheter in Europe, the $2.0 million milestone was capitalized and is being amortized, and the royalty payments are recorded as cost of products sold as sales of catheters are recognized.

Rhythm Xience Business Combination

On June 18, 2019 (the “Acquisition Date”), the Company acquired an integrated family of transseptal crossing and steerable introducer systems through its acquisition of Rhythm Xience for $3.0 million in cash in exchange for all of the stock of Rhythm Xience (the “Rhythm Xience Acquisition”). The cash payment did not include the potential $17.0 million in earn out consideration, of which $2.2 million was paid with the issuance of Series D convertible preferred stock in February 2020 and the remainder is to be paid based on the achievement of certain regulatory milestones and revenue milestones. In accordance with ASC 805, the Rhythm Xience Acquisition was accounted for as a business combination.

As part of the Rhythm Xience Acquisition, the Company recorded a contingent consideration liability for potential additional payments due to the sellers of Rhythm Xience if certain regulatory approval milestones and revenue milestones are achieved. The initial contingent consideration liability of $13.4 million was based on the fair value of the contingent consideration liability at the acquisition date. During the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company issued 119,993 shares of Series D convertible preferred stock and paid $2.5 million of the contingent consideration for the achievement of certain regulatory and revenue milestones. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company paid an additional $2.5 million of the contingent consideration for the achievement of certain regulatory and revenue milestones. Additionally, the Company recorded a $1.2 million decrease and a $2.2 million decrease to the fair value of the contingent consideration liability for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, which is included in change in fair value of contingent consideration in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. As of March 31, 2021, the contingent consideration liability of $5.6 million is the fair value of the remaining payments due to the sellers of Rhythm Xience if certain additional regulatory approval milestones and revenue milestones are achieved.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, 0 acquisition costs were incurred or recorded.

Note 4—Marketable Securities

Marketable securities consisted of the following as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31, 2021 (unaudited)

 

 

 

Amortized

Cost

 

 

Gross

Unrealized

Gains

 

 

Gross

Unrealized

Losses

 

 

Fair Value

 

Available-for-sale securities - short-term:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt securities

 

$

34,366

 

 

$

 

 

$

(7

)

 

$

34,359

 

U.S. treasury securities

 

 

20,350

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

20,354

 

Commercial paper

 

 

32,175

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

32,175

 

Total available-for-sale securities - short-term

 

 

86,891

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

(7

)

 

 

86,888

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Asset-backed securities, long-term

 

 

11,224

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

11,225

 

Total available-for-sale securities

 

$

98,115

 

 

$

5

 

 

$

(7

)

 

$

98,113

 

15


 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2020

 

 

 

Amortized

Cost

 

 

Gross

Unrealized

Gains

 

 

Gross

Unrealized

Losses

 

 

Fair Value

 

Available-for-sale securities - short-term:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt securities

 

$

31,359

 

 

$

 

 

$

(6

)

 

$

31,353

 

U.S. treasury securities

 

 

20,533

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2

)

 

 

20,531

 

Commercial paper

 

 

53,955

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

53,955

 

Total available-for-sale securities - short-term

 

 

105,847

 

 

 

 

 

 

(8

)

 

 

105,839

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Asset-backed securities, long-term

 

 

8,726

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,726

 

Total available-for-sale securities

 

$

114,573

 

 

$

 

 

$

(8

)

 

$

114,565

 

 

As of March 31, 2021, the Company’s available-for-sale securities classified as short-term of $86.9 million mature in one year or less and the available-for-sale securities classified as long-term of $11.2 million mature within two years. As of December 31, 2020, the Company’s available-for-sale securities classified as short-term of $105.8 million mature in one year or less and the available-for-sale securities classified as long-term of $8.7 million mature within two years.

Note 5—Inventory

Inventory as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

Raw materials

 

$

7,114

 

 

$

7,960

 

Work in process

 

 

2,362

 

 

 

1,267

 

Finished goods

 

 

4,361

 

 

 

3,731

 

Total inventory

 

$

13,837

 

 

$

12,958

 

 

 Note 6—Lessor Sales-Type Leases

The Company recognizes revenue and costs, as well as a lease receivable, at the time embedded sales-type leases within its deferred equipment agreements commence. Lease revenue related to sales-type leases for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was $0.9 million and is included within revenue in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss. There was 0 lease revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2020. Costs related to embedded leases within the Company’s deferred equipment agreements are included in cost of products sold in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.

The Company has a short-term lease receivable of $0.4 million included in prepaid expenses and other current assets as of each of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020. The Company has a long-term lease receivable of $0.5 million and $0.4 million included in other assets, as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

As of March 31, 2021, estimated future maturities of sales-type lease receivables for each of the following years are as follows (in thousands):

 

Nine months ending December 31, 2021

 

$

304

 

Year ending December 31, 2022

 

 

378

 

Year ending December 31, 2023

 

 

149

 

Year ending December 31, 2024

 

 

72

 

Year ending December 31, 2025

 

 

22

 

Lease receivable

 

$

925

 

 

16


 

 

Note 7—Property and Equipment, Net

The Company’s property and equipment, net, consisted of the following as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

Medical diagnostic equipment

 

$

15,360

 

 

$

13,242

 

Furniture and fixtures

 

 

426

 

 

 

388

 

Office equipment

 

 

1,494

 

 

 

1,392

 

Laboratory equipment and software

 

 

3,699

 

 

 

3,491

 

Leasehold improvements

 

 

661

 

 

 

608

 

Construction in process

 

 

1,468

 

 

 

468

 

Total property and equipment

 

 

23,108

 

 

 

19,589

 

Less: accumulated depreciation

 

 

(8,460

)

 

 

(7,233

)

Property and equipment, net

 

$

14,648

 

 

$

12,356

 

 

Property and equipment includes certain medical diagnostic equipment, including AcQMap Systems, located at customer premises. The Company retains the ownership of the equipment and has the right to remove the equipment if it is not being used according to expectations.

Depreciation expense was $1.2 million and $0.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Note 8—Goodwill and Intangible Assets

The table below summarizes goodwill and intangible assets activities as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (in thousands):

 

 

 

Goodwill

 

 

Intangible

Assets

 

Balance, December 31, 2020

 

$

12,026

 

 

$

5,653

 

Amortization expense

 

 

 

 

 

(160

)

Balance, March 31, 2021 (unaudited)

 

$

12,026

 

 

$

5,493

 

 

 

 

 

Estimated

Useful

 

Weighted

Average

Remaining

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Life

(in years)

 

Life

(in years)

 

 

Intangible

Assets

 

 

Accumulated

Amortization

 

 

 

March 31,

2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

Developed technology

 

10

 

 

8.3

 

 

$

4,200

 

 

$

(705

)

 

 

$

3,495

 

Customer-related intangible

 

5

 

 

3.3

 

 

 

100

 

 

 

(35

)

 

 

 

65

 

Licensed intangibles

 

10

 

 

9.7

 

 

 

2,000

 

 

 

(67

)

 

 

 

1,933

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

6,300

 

 

$

(807

)

 

 

$

5,493

 

 

 

 

Estimated

Useful

 

Weighted

Average

Remaining

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Life

(in years)

 

Life

(in years)

 

Intangible

Assets

 

 

Accumulated

Amortization

 

 

 

December 31, 2020

 

Developed technology

 

10

 

8.6

 

$

4,200

 

 

$

(600

)

 

 

$

3,600

 

Customer-related intangible

 

5

 

3.5

 

 

100

 

 

 

(30

)

 

 

 

70

 

Licensed intangibles

 

10

 

9.9

 

 

2,000

 

 

 

(17

)

 

 

 

1,983

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

$

6,300

 

 

$

(647

)

 

 

$

5,653

 

 

Acquired in-process technology was classified as an indefinite-lived intangible asset until the receipt of FDA approval for the technology in January 2020. Once the FDA approval was received, the in-process technology was reclassified as developed technology and amortization began. The Company recorded amortization expense related to the above intangible assets of $0.2 million and $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

17


 

 

The following table shows the remaining amortization expense associated with amortizable intangible assets as of March 31, 2021 (in thousands):

 

 

 

Developed

Technology

 

 

Customer-

Related

Intangible

 

 

Licensed

Intangibles

 

 

Total

Amortization

 

Nine months ending December 31, 2021

 

$

315

 

 

$

15

 

 

$

150

 

 

$

480

 

Year ending December 31, 2022

 

 

420

 

 

 

20

 

 

 

200

 

 

 

640

 

Year ending December 31, 2023

 

 

420

 

 

 

20

 

 

 

200

 

 

 

640

 

Year ending December 31, 2024

 

 

420

 

 

 

10

 

 

 

200

 

 

 

630

 

Year ending December 31, 2025

 

 

420

 

 

 

 

 

 

200

 

 

 

620

 

Thereafter

 

 

1,500

 

 

 

 

 

��

983

 

 

 

2,483

 

Total

 

$

3,495

 

 

$

65

 

 

$

1,933

 

 

$

5,493

 

 

Note 9—Accrued Liabilities

Accrued liabilities consisted of the following as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

Compensation and related expenses

 

$

6,957

 

 

$

6,250

 

Professional fees

 

 

304

 

 

 

120

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

479

 

 

 

301

 

Sales and use tax

 

 

206

 

 

 

169

 

Other

 

 

862

 

 

 

468

 

Total accrued liabilities

 

$

8,808

 

 

$

7,308

 

 

 

Note 10—Debt

Outstanding debt as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

2019 Credit Agreement (1)

 

$

44,550

 

 

$

44,550

 

Total debt, gross

 

 

44,550

 

 

 

44,550

 

Less: Unamortized debt discount and fees

 

 

(5,211

)

 

 

(5,539

)

Total long-term debt

 

$

39,339

 

 

$

39,011

 

 

(1)The 2019 Credit Agreement includes final payment fees of $4.6 million.

2019 Credit Agreement

On May 20, 2019, the Company entered into a Credit Agreement (the “2019 Credit Agreement”). The 2019 Credit Agreement provided the Company with a senior term loan facility in aggregate principal amount of $70.0 million, of which the Company borrowed $40.0 million upon closing. Of the remaining $30.0 million, NaN is available for borrowing. The 2019 Credit Agreement bears interest per annum at 7.75% plus LIBOR for such interest period and the principal amount of term loans outstanding under the 2019 Credit Agreement is due on May 20, 2024. The 2019 Credit Agreement provides for final payment fees of an additional $4.6 million that are due upon prepayment or on the maturity date or upon acceleration.

Upon the occurrence and during an event of default, which includes but is not limited to payment default, covenant default or the occurrence of a material adverse change, the lenders may declare all outstanding principal and accrued and unpaid interest immediately due and payable, all unfunded commitments would be terminated, there would be an increase in the applicable interest rate by 10% per annum, and the lenders would be entitled to exercise their other rights and remedies provided for under the 2019 Credit Agreement. Additionally, the lenders may request repayment of a portion of obligations outstanding under the 2019 Credit Agreement to the extent of the Company’s receipt of any (i) net casualty proceeds or (ii) net asset sales proceeds, as defined. These acceleration and early payment features are an embedded derivative that is separately measured from the loan host instrument and classified with the loan host instrument.

18


 

In connection with the issuance of the 2019 Credit Agreement, the Company issued liability-classified warrants with a fair value of $0.9 million to purchase 419,992 shares of Series C convertible preferred stock at $16.67 per share. These warrants were subsequently automatically converted into warrants to purchase an equal number of shares of the Company’s Series D convertible preferred stock at $16.67 per share and then were automatically converted into warrants to purchase an equal number of shares of common stock at $16.67 per share. The initial recognition of the warrant liability and direct fees of $1.2 million and final payment fees of $4.6 million for the 2019 Credit Agreement resulted in a discount of $6.7 million, which is being amortized to interest expense over the term of the 2019 Credit Agreement using the effective interest method.

The Company’s obligations under the 2019 Credit Agreement are secured by substantially all of its assets, including its intellectual property, and is guaranteed by Acutus NV. The 2019 Credit Agreement contains customary affirmative and negative covenants, including with respect to the Company’s ability to enter into fundamental transactions, incur additional indebtedness, grant liens, pay any dividend or make any distributions to its holders, make investments and merge or consolidate with any other person or engage in transactions with its affiliates, but does not include any financial covenants, other than a minimum liquidity requirement. As of and for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company was in compliance with all such covenants.

 

Note 11—Operating Leases

The Company leases approximately 50,800 square feet of office space for its corporate headquarters and manufacturing facility in Carlsbad, California under a noncancelable operating lease that expires on December 31, 2022. The lease is subject to variable charges for common area maintenance and other costs that are determined annually based on actual costs. The base rent is subject to an annual increase each year. The Company has a renewal option for an additional five-year term upon the expiration date of the lease, which has been excluded from the calculation of the right-of-use asset as it is not reasonably certain to be exercised.

The Company also leases approximately 3,900 square feet of office space in Zaventem, Belgium under a noncancelable operating lease that expires on December 31, 2021. The lease is subject to variable charges that are determined annually for common area maintenance and other costs based on actual costs, and base rent is subject to an annual increase each year based on an index rate. The Company has a renewal option for an additional three-year term upon the expiration date of the lease, which has been included in the calculation of the right-of-use asset as it is reasonably certain to be exercised.

 

The following table summarizes quantitative information about the Company’s operating leases for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

Operating cash flows from operating leases

 

$

261

 

 

$

253

 

Right-of-use assets exchanged for operating lease

   liabilities

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

Weighted average remaining lease term – operating

   leases (in years)

 

 

1.4

 

 

 

1.9

 

Weighted average discount rate – operating leases

 

 

7.0

%

 

 

7.0

%

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

Operating leases

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating lease cost

 

$

216

 

 

$

216

 

Variable lease cost

 

 

83

 

 

 

73

 

Total rent expense

 

$

299

 

 

$

289

 

 

19


 

 

As of March 31, 2021, future minimum payments under the non-cancelable operating leases under ASC 842 were as follows (in thousands):

 

Nine months ending December 31, 2021

 

$

791

 

Year ending December 31, 2022

 

 

1,074

 

Year ending December 31, 2023

 

 

51

 

Year ending December 31, 2024

 

 

51

 

Year ending December 31, 2025

 

 

 

Total

 

 

1,967

 

Less: present value discount

 

 

(136

)

Operating lease liabilities

 

$

1,831

 

 

Note 12—Commitments and Contingencies

The Company is not a party to any material legal proceedings and is not aware of any pending or threatened claims. From time to time however, the Company may be subject to various legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of its business activities.

Note 13—Warrants

As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the outstanding warrants to purchase the Company’s common stock were comprised of the following:

 

 

 

Equity Upon

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercise

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

(After Conversion)

 

Exercise Price

 

 

Expiration Date

 

2021

 

 

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Warrants issued in 2015

 

Common stock

 

$

5.25

 

 

1/30/25

 

 

3,808

 

 

 

 

3,808

 

Warrants issued with 2018 Convertible Notes

 

Common stock

 

$

0.10

 

 

6/7/28

 

 

373,810

 

 

 

 

373,810

 

Warrants issued with 2018 Term Loan

 

Common stock

 

$

16.67

 

 

7/31/28

 

 

26,998

 

 

 

 

26,998

 

Warrants issued with 2019 Credit Agreement

 

Common stock

 

$

16.67

 

 

5/20/29

 

 

419,992

 

 

 

 

419,992

 

Total Warrants

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

824,608

 

 

 

 

824,608

 

 

The Company had no warrant activity for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The remaining weighted average contractual life is 7.2 years as of March 31, 2021.

Warrants Classified as Liabilities

The Company’s warrants provide the holder the option to purchase a specified number of shares for a specified price. The holder may exercise the warrant in cash or exercise pursuant to a cashless exercise whereby a calculated number of shares are withheld upon exercise to satisfy the exercise price. The warrants do not provide the holder any voting rights until the warrants are exercised.

Prior to the IPO, in accordance with ASC 815, other than the warrants issued in 2015, the warrants were recorded as liabilities at fair value at the issuance date. Changes in the fair value were recognized in change in fair value of warrant liability in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss at the end of each reporting period. On August 10, 2020, in connection with the closing of the IPO, the warrants recorded as liabilities no longer met the definition of a derivative. Accordingly, the fair value of the common and preferred stock warrant liability of $14.5 million was reclassified to stockholders’ equity (deficit) in the condensed consolidated balance sheet.

Warrants Classified as Equity

In accordance with ASC 815, the warrants issued in 2015 do not meet the definition of a derivative and are classified in stockholders’ equity (deficit) in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Note 14—Convertible Preferred Stock

In February 2020, the Company issued 119,993 shares of its Series D convertible preferred stock with an implied value of $2.2 million in connection with a contingent consideration payment related to the Rhythm Xience Acquisition.

20


 

In February 2020, the Company issued 273,070 shares of its Series D convertible preferred stock with an implied value of $5.0 million for the stock issuance portion of the purchase consideration of the Biotronik Asset Acquisition.

On August 10, 2020, in connection with the closing of the IPO, all of the 391,210 shares of Series A, 3,088,444 shares of Series B, 4,499,921 shares of Series C and 8,593,360 shares of Series D convertible preferred stock, respectively, automatically converted into an equal number of shares of common stock.

Redemption

The convertible preferred stock was not unconditionally redeemable at the option of the holder thereof. However, the convertible preferred stock was contingently redeemable upon certain liquidation events. As redemption by the holders was not solely within the control of the Company, all of the outstanding convertible preferred stock was classified as temporary equity in the condensed consolidated balance sheets, prior to the conversion to common stock on August 10, 2020.

Dividends

The holders of shares of convertible preferred stock were entitled to receive dividends, out of any assets legally available therefore, prior and in preference to any declaration or payment of any dividend on the common stock of the Company, at the applicable dividend rate, payable on a pro rata, pari passu basis when, as and if declared by the Company’s board of directors. The dividend rate was $0.68 per annum for each share of Series A convertible preferred stock, $1.07 per annum for each share of Series B convertible preferred stock and $1.36 per annum for each share of Series C convertible preferred stock and Series D convertible preferred stock, as adjusted. The dividend rights were not cumulative.

Liquidation

The holders of the Series D convertible preferred stock were entitled to receive a liquidation preference prior to any distribution to the holders of Series A convertible preferred stock, Series B convertible preferred stock and Series C convertible preferred stock (collectively the “Junior Preferred Stock”) and the holders of common stock, in the amount of the original issue price plus declared but unpaid dividends on such shares (the “Series D Liquidation Preference”). The holders of the Junior Preferred Stock were entitled to receive a liquidation preference prior to any distribution to the holders of common stock, after payment of the Series D Liquidation Preference, in the amount of the applicable original issue price plus declared but unpaid dividends on such shares.

Voting Rights

Holders of convertible preferred stock had the right to one vote for each share of common stock into which such preferred stock could then be converted, and with respect to such vote, such holder had full voting rights and powers equal to the voting rights and powers of the holders of common stock.

As long as any shares of Series D convertible preferred stock were outstanding, the holders of such shares of Series D convertible preferred stock (voting exclusively as a separate series) were entitled to elect one director. As long as any shares of Series C convertible preferred stock were outstanding, the holders of such shares of Series C convertible preferred stock (voting exclusively as a separate series) were entitled to elect three directors. As long as any shares of Series A convertible preferred stock or Series B convertible preferred stock were outstanding, the holders of such shares (voting together as a single class and not as separate series, and on an as converted basis) were entitled to elect four directors. The holders of outstanding common stock were entitled to elect one director. The holders of convertible preferred stock and common stock (voting together as a single class and not as separate series, and on an as-converted basis) were entitled to elect any remaining directors.

Conversion

Each share of preferred stock was convertible, at the option of the holder thereof, at any time after the date of issuance of such share, into such number of fully paid and nonassessable shares of the Company’s common stock as was determined by dividing the original issue price, as adjusted, for such series by the applicable conversion price for such series in effect on the date the certificate is surrendered for conversion. The initial conversion price per share for each series of convertible preferred stock was the original issue price applicable to such series as follows:

21


 

 

Series

 

Conversion

Price

 

Series A convertible preferred stock

 

$

8.295

 

Series B convertible preferred stock

 

$

13.370

 

Series C convertible preferred stock

 

$

16.667

 

Series D convertible preferred stock

 

$

16.667

 

 

Each share of convertible preferred stock was automatically convertible into fully-paid, non-assessable shares of common stock at the conversion rate at the time in effect for such series of preferred stock immediately upon: (i) the date, or the occurrence of an event, specified by vote or written consent or agreement of the requisite investors; or (ii) the closing of the sale of shares of common stock to the public, at a price of at least $50.00 per share, as adjusted, in a firm-commitment underwritten public offering pursuant to an effective registration statement under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, resulting in at least $50.0 million of net proceeds to the Company. As noted above, on August 10, 2020, all shares of Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D convertible preferred stock were converted into common stock.

Note 15—Stockholders’ Equity

On August 10, 2020, the Company issued 10,147,058 shares of common stock in its IPO, which included 1,323,529 shares of common stock issued upon the underwriters’ exercise in full of an option to purchase, at the public offering price less underwriting discounts and commissions, up to an additional 1,323,529 shares. The price to the public for each share was $18.00. The Company received gross proceeds of $182.6 million from the IPO. Net of underwriting discounts and commission and other offering expenses, the Company received net proceeds of $166.3 million from the IPO.

On August 10, 2020, in connection with the closing of the IPO, the Company filed an amended and restated certificate of incorporation (the “A&R Certificate”) with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware. The A&R Certificate amended and restated the Company’s authorized shares of common stock to 260,000,000 and authorized shares of undesignated preferred stock to 5,000,000.

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, stock options to acquire 27,509 shares were exercised for shares of common stock. The Company received $0.2 million for the exercise price of the stock options for the three months ended March 31, 2021. NaN stock options were exercised for shares of common stock during the three months ended March 31, 2020.

Note 16—Stock-Based Compensation

2020 Equity Incentive Plan

The 2020 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2020 Plan”) which permits the granting of nonstatutory stock options, RSAs, RSUs, stock appreciation rights, PSUs, performance shares and other equity-based awards to employees, directors and consultants became effective on August 5, 2020. As of March 31, 2021, 3,313,017 shares of common stock were authorized for issuance under the 2020 Plan and 2,132,646 shares remain available for issuance under the 2020 Plan.

2011 Equity Incentive Plan

The Company’s 2011 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2011 Plan”) permits the granting of incentive stock options, non-statutory stock options, RSAs, RSUs and other stock-based awards to employees, directors, officers and consultants. As of March 31, 2021, 2,636,188 shares of common stock were authorized for issuance under the 2011 Plan and no shares remain available for issuance under the 2011 Plan. NaN additional awards will be granted under the 2011 Plan. Shares that become available for issuance from the outstanding awards under the 2011 Plan due to forfeiture, or otherwise, will become available for issuance of future awards under the 2020 Plan.

Stock Options

The stock options generally vest over four years and have a ten-year contractual term. The fair value of each employee and non-employee stock option grant is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The Company became publicly traded in August 2020 and lacks company-specific historical and implied volatility information. Therefore, it estimates its expected stock volatility based on the historical volatility of a set of publicly traded peer companies. Due to the lack of historical exercise history, the expected term of the Company’s stock options has been determined using the “simplified” method for awards. The risk-free interest rate is determined by reference to the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant of the award for time periods approximately equal to the expected term of the award. Expected dividend yield is zero based on the fact that the Company has never paid cash dividends and does not expect to pay any cash dividends in the foreseeable future.

22


 

The following assumptions were used to estimate the fair value of stock option for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

Risk-free interest rate

 

0.76% - 1.28%

 

 

0.90%

 

Expected dividend yield

 

 

 

 

Expected term in years

 

 

7.0

 

 

 

7.0

 

Expected volatility

 

60% - 75%

 

 

70%

 

 

The following table summarizes stock option activity during the three months ended March 31, 2021:

 

 

 

Stock

Options

 

 

Weighted

Average

Exercise

Price

 

 

Weighted

Average

Remaining

Contractual

Life (in years)

 

 

Aggregate

Intrinsic

Value

(in thousands)

 

Outstanding as of December 31, 2020

 

 

3,403,607

 

 

$

13.32

 

 

 

8.1

 

 

$

52,866

 

Options granted

 

 

32,749

 

 

 

23.02

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Options exercised

 

 

(27,509

)

 

 

6.15

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

323

 

Options forfeited

 

 

(29,272

)

 

 

17.03

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding as of March 31, 2021

 

 

3,379,575

 

 

$

13.45

 

 

 

7.9

 

 

$

6,252

 

Options vested and exercisable as of March 31, 2021 (unaudited)

 

 

1,564,993

 

 

$

10.19

 

 

 

6.6

 

 

$

5,672

 

 

The aggregate intrinsic value for options outstanding in the above table represents the product of the number of options outstanding multiplied by the difference between the per share fair value of the Company’s stock on the last day of the fiscal period, which was $13.37 and $28.81 as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, and the exercise price. The aggregate intrinsic value for options exercised in the above table represents the product of the number of options exercised multiplied by the difference between the per share fair value of the Company’s stock on the date of exercise and the exercise price. The weighted average grant date fair value per share for the stock option awards granted during the three months ended March 31, 2021 was $13.89. As of March 31, 2021, the total unrecognized compensation related to unvested stock option awards granted was $25.7 million, which the Company expects to recognize over a weighted-average period of approximately 2.6 years.

Performance-Based Restricted Stock Units and Restricted Stock Units

In June 2019, the Company granted 567,509 PSUs, with a grant date fair value of $13.37. Vesting of the PSUs was dependent upon the satisfaction of both a service condition and a performance condition, which is an IPO or a change of control. The Company began recording compensation expense related to the PSUs upon the registration statement used in connection with the Company’s IPO being declared effective on August 5, 2020, as the performance conditions were satisfied. The compensation expense was determined using the original grant date fair value and is being recognized over the remaining service period.  

The Company’s PSU and RSU activity for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was as follows:

 

 

 

Number

of Shares

 

 

Weighted

Average

Grant Price

 

Unvested as of December 31, 2020

 

 

545,466

 

 

$

16.53

 

Granted

 

 

23,375

 

 

 

23.88

 

Forfeited

 

 

(8,011

)

 

 

18.39

 

Vested

 

 

(94,045

)

 

 

13.37

 

Unvested as of March 31, 2021 (unaudited)

 

 

466,785

 

 

$

17.50

 

23


 

 

 

Restricted Stock

The Company’s RSA activity for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was as follows:

 

 

Number

of Shares

 

 

Weighted

Average

Grant Price

 

Unvested as of December 31, 2020

 

 

-

 

 

$

-

 

Granted

 

 

186

 

 

 

14.75

 

Vested

 

 

(186

)

 

 

14.75

 

Unvested as of March 31, 2021 (unaudited)

 

 

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

The following table summarizes the total stock-based compensation expense for the stock options, PSUs, RSUs and RSAs recorded in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (in thousands):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

Cost of products sold

 

$

144

 

 

$

108

 

Research and development

 

 

417

 

 

 

211

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

 

2,268

 

 

 

1,422

 

Total stock-based compensation

 

$

2,829

 

 

$

1,741

 

 

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

The 2020 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “2020 ESPP”), which permits employees to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock, became effective on August 10, 2020 and 387,063 shares of common stock were authorized for sale under the 2020 ESPP.

 

The 2020 ESPP will be implemented by consecutive offering periods with a new offering period commencing on the first trading day on or after February 1 and August 1 of each year and terminating on the last trading day on or before July 31 and January 31 respectively. The first offering period began on February 1, 2021. On each purchase date, which falls on the last date of each offering period, 2020 ESPP participants will purchase shares of common stock at a price per share equal to 85% of the lesser of (1) the fair market value per share of the common stock on the offering date or (2) the fair market value of the common stock on the purchase date. The occurrence and duration of offering periods under the 2020 ESPP are subject to the determinations of the Compensation Committee of the Company’s Board of Directors, in its sole discretion.

The fair value of the 2020 ESPP shares is estimated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The Company recorded $0.1 million of stock-based compensation expense related to the 2020 ESPP for the three months ended March 31, 2021. NaN expense was recorded for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

24


 

Note 17—Net Loss Per Common Share

Basic net loss per common share is computed by dividing net loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding for the period. Diluted net loss per common share excludes the potential impact of the Company’s convertible preferred stock, common stock options and warrants because their effect would be anti-dilutive due to the Company’s net loss. Since the Company had a net loss in the periods presented, basic and diluted net loss per common share are the same.

The table below provides potentially dilutive securities not included in the calculation of the diluted net loss per common share because to do so would be anti-dilutive:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

Shares issuable upon:

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

Conversion of Series A preferred stock

 

 

 

 

 

391,210

 

Conversion of Series B preferred stock

 

 

 

 

 

3,088,444

 

Conversion of Series C preferred stock

 

 

 

 

 

4,499,921

 

Conversion of Series D preferred stock

 

 

 

 

 

8,593,360

 

Exercise of stock options

 

 

3,379,575

 

 

 

2,746,088

 

Exercise of common stock warrants

 

 

824,608

 

 

 

509,562

 

Exercise of preferred stock warrants

 

 

 

 

 

446,990

 

Vesting of PSUs and RSUs

 

 

466,785

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

4,670,968

 

 

 

20,275,575

 

 

Note 18—401(k) Retirement Plan

The Company has a 401(k) retirement savings plan that provides retirement benefits to substantially all full-time U.S. employees. Eligible employees may contribute a percentage of their annual compensation, subject to Internal Revenue Service limitations. The Company did 0t provide any contributions to the 401(k) retirement savings plan for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

Note 19—Related Party Transactions

The Company licenses certain patent rights from a former director and shareholder. The license agreement provides for royalty payments to the shareholder of 3% of net product sales, as defined in the agreement. Royalties earned prior to the director’s resignation were less than $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. Additionally, the former director and shareholder also works for one of the Company’s customers and can significantly influence the customer to purchase the Company’s product. Prior to the director’s resignation, the Company recorded sales to this customer of $0.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

The Company has a consulting agreement with a director and chairman of the Company’s board of directors. The Company recorded less than $0.1 million in SG&A expense in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss for the consulting services for each of the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.   

Multiple preferred stock shareholders entered into the 2018 and 2019 Convertible Notes that also contained detached warrants. Additionally, Orbimed Royalty Opportunities II, LP and Deerfield Private Design Fund II, L.P. entered into the 2019 Credit Agreement with the Company in 2019 for a total of $70.0 million, with $40.0 million being drawn as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020. The Company recorded $1.4 million and $1.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, in interest expense related to these debt agreements.

25


 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

You should read the following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations together with our condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes and other financial information included elsewhere in this Form 10-Q. Some of the information contained in this discussion and analysis or set forth elsewhere in this Form 10-Q, including information with respect to our plans and strategy for our business, includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). In some cases, you can identify these statements by forward-looking words such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “could,” “should,” “estimate” or “continue,” and similar expressions or variations. Such forward-looking statements are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause actual results and the timing of certain events to differ materially from future results expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those identified below, and those discussed in the section titled “Risk Factors” included in this Form 10-Q. The forward-looking statements in this Form 10-Q represent our views as of the date of this Form 10-Q. Except as may be required by law, we assume no obligation to update these forward-looking statements or the reasons that results could differ from these forward-looking statements. You should, therefore, not rely on these forward-looking statements as representing our views as of any date subsequent to the date of this Form 10-Q.

Overview

We are an arrhythmia management company focused on improving the way cardiac arrhythmias are diagnosed and treated. Despite several decades of effort by the incumbents in this field, the clinical and economic challenges associated with arrhythmia treatment continue to be a huge burden for patients, providers and payors. We are committed to advancing the field of electrophysiology with a unique array of products and technologies which will enable more physicians to treat more patients more effectively and efficiently. Through internal product development, acquisitions and global partnerships, we have established a global sales presence delivering a broad portfolio of highly differentiated electrophysiology products. Our goal is to provide our customers with a complete solution for catheter-based treatment of cardiac arrhythmias in each of our geographic markets.

Our product portfolio includes novel access catheters, diagnostic and mapping catheters, ablation catheters, mapping and imaging consoles and accessories, as well as supporting algorithms and software programs. Our foundational and most highly differentiated product is our AcQMap imaging and mapping system. Our paradigm-shifting AcQMap System offers a novel approach to mapping the drivers and maintainers of arrhythmias with unmatched speed and precision. With the ability to rapidly and accurately identify ablation targets and to confirm both ablation success and procedural completion, we believe our AcQMap System addresses the primary unmet need in electrophysiology procedures today.

We were incorporated in the State of Delaware on March 25, 2011 and are headquartered in Carlsbad, California. Early versions of our AcQMap System and certain related accessory products have been used in the United States since May 2018 and Western Europe since July 2016 in a limited, pilot launch capacity, where our focus was on optimizing workflow and validating our value proposition. We fully commenced the launch of our commercial-grade console and software products in the first quarter of 2020. Critical to our launch were a series of recent strategic transactions and regulatory approvals, including: Food and Drug Administration (the “FDA”) 510(k) clearance and CE Mark of our second-generation AcQMap console and SuperMap software suite; the addition of an integrated family of transseptal crossing and steerable introducer systems to our product portfolio through our acquisition of Rhythm Xience, Inc. (“Rhythm Xience”); and the acquisition of our AcQBlate Force sensing product line from Biotronik SE & Co. KG (“Biotronik”). Since our full launch, we have continued to enhance our product portfolio and global presence by entering into bi-lateral distribution agreements with Biotronik in May 2020, which added a full suite of diagnostic and ablation catheters to our product portfolio and significantly expanded our international distribution and market development capabilities.

We market our electrophysiology products worldwide to hospitals and electrophysiologists that treat patients with arrhythmias. We have strategically developed a direct selling presence in the United States and select markets in Western Europe where cardiac ablation is a standard of care and third-party reimbursement is well-established. In these markets, we install our AcQMap console and workstation with customer accounts and then sell our disposable products to those accounts for use with our system. In other international markets, we leverage our partnership with Biotronik to install our AcQMap console and workstation with customer accounts and then to sell our disposable products to those accounts. Once an AcQMap console and workstation is established in a customer account, our revenue from that account becomes predominantly recurring in nature and derived from the sale of our portfolio of disposable products used with our system. Our currently marketed disposable products include access sheaths, transseptal crossing tools, diagnostic and mapping catheters, ablation catheters and accessories. We plan to leverage the geographically concentrated nature of procedure volumes and the recurring nature of our sales to drive an increasingly efficient commercial model.

26


 

For the three months ended March 31, 2021, and 2020, we generated revenue of $3.6 million and $1.6 million, respectively, of which 56% and 51%, respectively, was from customers located outside of the United States. Since our inception, we have generated significant losses. Our net loss was $29.2 million and $18.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, we had an accumulated deficit of $390.2 million and $361.0 million, respectively, and working capital of $97.6 million and $129.5 million, respectively. Prior to our initial public offering (“IPO”) on August 10, 2020, our operations have been financed primarily by aggregate net proceeds from the sale of our convertible preferred stock and principal of our converted debt of $253.9 million, as well as other indebtedness.

We intend to continue to make significant investments in our sales and marketing organization. We believe increasing the number of sales representatives and expanding our international marketing programs will help facilitate further adoption of our products among existing customer accounts as well as broaden awareness of our products to new accounts. We also expect to continue to make substantial investments in our ongoing clinical trials and in additional clinical trials that are designed to provide clinical evidence of the safety and effectiveness of our existing and future generations of products. We expect to continue to make investments in research and development and regulatory affairs to develop future generations of products based on our technology, supported with appropriate regulatory submissions. We may in the future seek to acquire or invest in additional businesses, products or technologies that we believe could complement or expand our portfolio, enhance our technical capabilities or otherwise offer growth opportunities. We will also incur costs as a public company that we have not previously incurred or have previously incurred at lower rates, including increased costs for employee-related expenses, director and officer insurance premiums, audit and legal fees, investor relations fees, fees to members of our board of directors and expenses for compliance with public-company reporting requirements under the Exchange Act and rules implemented by the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), as well as Nasdaq rules. Because of these and other factors, we expect to continue to incur substantial net losses and negative cash flows from operations for at least the next several years.

Key Business Metric

We regularly review a number of operating and financial metrics, including the following key business metric, to evaluate our business, measure our performance, identify trends affecting our business, formulate financial projections and make strategic decisions. We believe that the following metric is representative of our current business. However, we anticipate this metric may change or may be substituted for additional or different metrics as our business grows and as we introduce new products.

Installed Base

Once an AcQMap console and workstation is established in a customer account, our revenue from that account becomes predominantly recurring in nature and derived from the sale of our portfolio of disposable products used with our system. We believe our installed base is one of the key indicators of our ability to drive customer adoption of our products. We define our installed base as the cumulative number of AcQMap consoles and workstations placed into service at customer sites. Beginning in late 2019, we began to install our second-generation AcQMap console and workstation with customers under evaluation contracts. Under these evaluation contracts, we place our AcQMap console and workstation with customers for no upfront fee to the customer during the applicable evaluation period and seek to reach agreement with the customer for the purchase of the console and workstation in the form of a contractual commitment to purchase a minimum amount of our disposable products or a cash purchase. Our total installed base as of March 31, 2021 and 2020 is set forth in the table below:

 

 

 

As of March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

Acutus Direct

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US

 

 

39

 

 

 

13

 

Europe

 

 

16

 

 

 

18

 

Total Acutus Direct

 

 

55

 

 

 

31

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Biotronik

 

 

7

 

 

 

 

Total installed base

 

 

62

 

 

 

31

 

 

27


 

 

Our net increase in installed base for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, exclusive of transfers between Acutus and Biotronik, is set forth in the table below:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

Acutus Direct

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US

 

 

2

 

 

 

3

 

Europe

 

 

2

 

 

 

1

 

Total Acutus Direct

 

 

4

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net systems to Biotronik

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total net system placements

 

 

4

 

 

 

4

 

 

Growth in our quarterly installed base can fluctuate due to a number of factors, including the commercial effectiveness of our sales representatives and strategic partners such as Biotronik, and the procurement and budgeting cycles of many of our customers, especially those where unused funds may be forfeited or future budgets may be reduced if purchases are not made by their fiscal year end. We also believe the timing of installations has been impacted and will continue to be impacted by the timing of product introductions and transitions. In addition, the growth of our market in certain geographic regions and our continued efforts to service these regions impact unit volumes quarter to quarter.

Factors Affecting Our Performance

There are a number of factors that have impacted, and we believe will continue to impact, or that we expect to impact, our results of operations and growth. These factors include:

 

Market Acceptance. The growth of our business will depend substantially on our ability to increase our installed base. Once an AcQMap console and workstation is established in a customer account, our revenue from that account becomes predominantly recurring in nature and derived from the sale of our portfolio of disposable products used with our system. Our ability to increase our installed base will depend on our ability to gain broader acceptance of our AcQMap System by continuing to make physicians and other hospital staff aware of the benefits of the AcQMap System, thereby generating increased demand for system installations and the frequency of use of our disposable products. Although we are attempting to increase our installed base through our established relationships and focused sales efforts, we cannot provide assurance that our efforts will be successful.

 

Commercial Organization Size and Effectiveness. As of March 31, 2021, our commercial organization consisted of 88 individuals with substantial applicable medical device, sales and clinical experience, including sales managers, sales representatives and mappers. We intend to continue to make significant investments in our commercial organization by increasing the number of our sales representatives, sales managers and mappers, as well as by expanding our global marketing and training programs, to help facilitate further adoption of our products among existing and new customer accounts. The rate at which we grow our commercial organization and the speed at which newly hired personnel become effective can impact our revenue growth or our costs incurred in anticipation of such growth.

 

Strategic Partnerships and Acquisitions. We have in the past, and may in the future, enter into strategic partnerships and acquire complementary businesses, products or technologies. For example, we have entered into strategic partnerships with Innovative Health and Stereotaxis and, most recently, we entered into our Global Alliance for Electrophysiology with Biotronik in May 2020. In addition, we added an integrated family of transseptal crossing and steerable introducer systems to our product portfolio through our acquisition of Rhythm Xience in June 2019 and acquired our AcQBlate Force Sensing Ablation System from Biotronik in July 2019. Our strategic partnerships and acquisitions have helped us establish a global sales presence delivering a broad portfolio of highly differentiated electrophysiology products. Our ability to grow our revenue will depend substantially on our ability to leverage our strategic partnerships and acquisitions to achieve distribution at a global scale, broaden our product portfolio and enable and accelerate global connectivity.

 

Continued Investment in Innovation. Our business strategy relies significantly on innovation to develop and introduce new products and to differentiate our products from our competitors. In 2020, research and development continued to provide both new products as well as generational improvements to the current product lines through the release of five major versions of software, six disposable products including our first therapy device, and a significant improvement to our mapping system hardware. Additionally, research efforts evolved into development projects for advanced therapies, improved navigational accuracy, and enhanced mapping capabilities. We expect our research and development expenditures to increase as we make additional investments to support our growth strategies. We plan to increase our research and development expenditures with internal initiatives, as well as potentially licensing or acquiring technology from third parties.

28


 

 

We also expect expenditures associated with our manufacturing organization to grow over time as production volume increases and we bring new products to market. Our internal and external investments will be focused on initiatives that we believe will offer the greatest opportunity for growth and profitability. With a significant investment in research and development, a strong focus on innovation and a well-managed innovation process, we believe we can continue to innovate and grow. Introducing additional, innovative products is also expected to help support our existing installed base and help drive demand for additional installations of our system. If, however, our future innovations are not successful in meeting customers’ needs or prove to be too costly relative to their perceived benefit, we may not be successful. Moreover, as cost of products sold, operating expenses and capital expenditures fluctuate over time, we may experience short-term, negative impacts to our results of operations and cash flows, but we are undertaking such investments in the belief that they will contribute to long-term growth.

 

Product and Geographic Mix; Timing. Our financial results, including our gross margins, may fluctuate from period to period due to a variety of factors, including: average selling prices; production volumes; the cost of direct materials; the timing of customer orders or medical procedures and the timing and number of system installations; the number of available selling days in a particular period, which can be impacted by a number of factors such as holidays or days of severe inclement weather in a particular geography; the mix of products sold and the geographic mix of where products are sold; the level of reimbursement available for our products; discounting practices; manufacturing costs; product yields; headcount; and cost-reduction strategies. For example, gross margins on the sale of our products by our direct selling organization in the United States and Western Europe are higher than gross margins on the sale of our products by Biotronik in other parts of the world. Moreover, gross margins on the sale of our proprietary products are generally higher than gross margins on the sale of products we source through our strategic partnerships with third parties. Future selling prices and gross margins for our products may fluctuate due to a variety of other factors, including the introduction by others of competing products or the attempted integration by third parties of capabilities similar to ours into their existing products. We aim to mitigate downward pressure on our selling prices by increasing the value proposition offered by our products through innovation. While we have not yet experienced significant seasonality in our results, it is not uncommon in our industry to experience seasonally weaker revenue during the summer months and end-of-year holiday season.

 

Regulatory Approvals/Clearances and Timing and Efficiency of New Product Introductions. We received FDA clearance of our AcQCross family of universal transseptal crossing devices in April 2021. We also received CE Mark in December 2020 in Europe for the use of our AcQBlate Force Sensing Ablation System and are seeking FDA Premarket Approval for this system in the United States, as well as regulatory clearance or approval of our other pipeline products in the United States and in international markets. Our ability to grow our revenue will depend on our obtaining necessary regulatory approvals or clearances for our products. In addition, as we introduce new products, we expect to build our inventory of components and finished goods in advance of sales, which may cause quarterly fluctuations in our results of operations.

 

Competition. Our industry is intensely competitive, subject to rapid change and significantly affected by new product introductions and other market activities of industry participants. Our most significant competitors are large, well-capitalized companies. We must continue to successfully compete considering our competitors’ existing and future products and related pricing and their resources to successfully market to the physicians who could use our products. Publications of clinical results by us, our competitors and other third parties can also have a significant influence on whether, and the degree to which, we are able to gain market share and increase utilization of our products.

 

COVID-19 Pandemic. Beginning in early March 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic and the measures imposed to contain this pandemic disrupted and are expected to continue to impact our business. For example, on March 19, 2020, the Executive Department of the State of California issued Executive Order N-33-20, ordering all individuals in the State of California to stay home or at their place of residence except as needed to maintain continuity of operations of the federal critical infrastructure sectors. Our primary operations are located in Carlsbad, California. As a result of such order, the majority of our employees have telecommuted, which may impact certain of our operations over the near term and long term. Moreover, beginning in March 2020, access to hospitals and other customer sites was restricted to essential personnel, which negatively impacted our ability to install our AcQMap consoles and workstations in new accounts and for our sales representatives and mappers to promote the use of our products with physicians. Moreover, hospitals and other therapeutic centers suspended many elective procedures, resulting in a significantly reduced volume of procedures using our products. In addition, all clinical trials in Europe were suspended with follow-ups for clinical trials done via telecom, and we believe enrollment timing in our planned clinical trials will be slowed due to COVID-19 driven delayed access to enrollment sites. As a result of the interruptions to our business due to COVID-19, we enacted a cash conservation program, which included delaying certain non-critical capital expenditures and other projects and implementing a hiring freeze, headcount reductions and temporary compensation reductions (through August 2020). The effects of the pandemic began to decrease in late April 2020 as electrophysiology labs began reopening and procedure volumes began increasing as compared to COVID-19 related low points in March 2020. Our IPO in August 2020 provided resources sufficient to restore compensation reductions to pre-COVID levels, as well as to restart hiring and capital expenditures in support of our growth. The second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic was initially observed negatively impacting electrophysiology procedural activity early during the fourth quarter of 2020 and we are continuing to see hospitals focusing on these patients and slowing elective procedures. During the first

29


 

 

quarter of 2021, we again saw the suspension of many elective procedures in many hospitals, resulting in reduced volume of procedures using our products. Access restrictions in certain hospitals have slowed our ability to install our AcQMap consoles and workstations in new accounts and for our sales representatives and mappers to promote the use of our products with physicians. The magnitude of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our productivity, results of operations and financial position, and its disruption to our business and our clinical programs and timelines, will depend, in part, on the length and severity of these restrictions and on our ability to conduct business in the ordinary course. Quarantines, shelter-in-place and similar government orders have also impacted, and may continue to impact, our third-party manufacturers and suppliers, and could in turn adversely impact the availability or cost of materials, which could disrupt our supply chain.

In addition, we may experience meaningful variability in our quarterly revenue and gross profit/loss as a result of a number of factors, including, but not limited to: inventory write-offs and write-downs; costs, benefits and timing of new product introductions; the availability and cost of components and raw materials; and fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. Additionally, we may experience quarters in which our costs and operating expenses, in particular our research and development expenses, fluctuate depending on the stage and timing of product development.

While certain of these factors may present significant opportunities for us, they all pose significant risks and challenges that we must address. See the section titled “Risk Factors” for more information.

Components of Results of Operations

Revenue

Our revenue consists of: (i) revenue from the sale of our disposable products; (ii) systems and; (iii) service/other revenue. In the United States and select markets in Western Europe where we have developed a direct selling presence, we install our AcQMap console and workstation with our customer accounts and then generate revenue from the sale of our disposable products to these accounts for use with our system. We also generate revenue from the direct sale of our AcQMap console into hospital accounts as well as revenue through long-term customer commitments on disposable purchases. In other international markets, we leverage our partnership with Biotronik to install our AcQMap console and workstation with customer accounts and then generate revenue from Biotronik’s sale of our disposable products to these accounts for use with our system. Our currently marketed disposable products include access sheaths, transseptal crossing tools, diagnostic and mapping catheters, ablation catheters and accessories.

For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, approximately 56% and 51%, respectively, of our sales were denominated in currencies other than U.S. dollars, primarily in Euros and the British Pound Sterling. Our revenue is subject to fluctuation based on the foreign currency in which our products are sold.

Costs and Operating Expenses

Cost of Products Sold

Cost of products sold consist primarily of raw materials, direct labor, manufacturing overhead associated with the production and sale of our disposable products and, to a more limited extent, production and depreciation of our AcQMap console and workstation that we install with our customer accounts. We depreciate equipment over a three-year period. Cost of products sold also includes expenditures for warranty, field service, freight, royalties and inventory reserve provisions. We expect cost of products sold to increase in absolute dollars in future periods as our revenue increases.

 

Research and Development Expenses

Research and development expenses consist primarily of salaries and employee-related costs (including stock-based compensation) for personnel directly engaged in research and development activities, clinical trial expenses, equipment costs, materials costs, allocated rent and facilities costs and depreciation.

Research and development expenses related to possible future products are expensed as incurred. We also accrue and expense costs for activities associated with clinical trials performed by third parties as incurred. All other costs relative to setting up clinical trial sites are expensed as incurred. Clinical trial site costs related to patient enrollment are accrued as patients are entered into the trials.

30


 

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

Selling, general and administrative expenses consist primarily of salaries and employee-related costs (including stock-based compensation) for personnel in sales, executive, finance and other administrative functions, allocated rent and facilities costs, legal fees relating to intellectual property and corporate matters, professional fees for accounting and consulting services, marketing costs and insurance costs.

We expect our selling, general and administrative expenses to increase in absolute dollars for the foreseeable future, though they may vary from period to period as a percentage of revenue, as we expand our sale force and increase the number of our mappers, increase our professional education and physician training, as well as to support our expanded infrastructure and incur increased costs associated with operating as a public company. These increases are expected to include increased costs for fees to members of our board of directors, increased employee-related expenses, and increased director and officer insurance premiums, audit and legal fees, investor relations fees and expenses for compliance with public company reporting requirements under the Exchange Act and rules implemented by the SEC, as well as stock exchange rules.

Other Income (Expense)

Change in Fair Value of Warrant Liability

We accounted for certain of our freestanding warrants to purchase shares of our common stock and preferred stock as liabilities at fair value. On August 10, 2020, in connection with the closing of our IPO, the warrants no longer met the definition of a derivative. Accordingly, the fair value of the common and preferred stock warrant liability was reclassified to stockholders’ equity (deficit) in the condensed consolidated balance sheet.

Interest Income

Interest income consists primarily of interest earned on our cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities.

 

Interest Expense

 

Interest expense relates to our credit agreement with Orbimed Royalty Opportunities II, LP and Deerfield Private Design Fund II, L.P. (the “2019 Credit Agreement”).

31


 

Results of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020

The results of operations presented below should be reviewed in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q. The following table sets forth our results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

Change

 

(dollars in thousands)

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

$

 

 

%

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue(1)

 

$

3,591

 

 

$

1,583

 

 

$

2,008

 

 

 

127

%

Costs and operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Costs of products sold(2)

 

 

6,955

 

 

 

3,194

 

 

 

3,761

 

 

 

118

%

Research and development(2)

 

 

9,370

 

 

 

7,973

 

 

 

1,397

 

 

 

18

%

Selling, general and administrative(2)

 

 

16,252

 

 

 

10,235

 

 

 

6,017

 

 

 

59

%

Change in fair value of contingent consideration

 

 

(1,153

)

 

 

(2,219

)

 

 

1,066

 

 

 

(48

%)

Total costs and operating expenses

 

 

31,424

 

 

 

19,183

 

 

 

12,241

 

 

 

64

%

Loss from operations

 

 

(27,833

)

 

 

(17,600

)

 

 

(10,233

)

 

 

58

%

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in fair value of warrant liability

 

 

 

 

 

581

 

 

 

(581

)

 

*

 

Interest income

 

 

40

 

 

 

275

 

 

 

(235

)

 

 

(85

%)

Interest expense

 

 

(1,388

)

 

 

(1,354

)

 

 

(34

)

 

 

3

%

Total other expense, net

 

 

(1,348

)

 

 

(498

)

 

 

(850

)

 

 

171

%

Net loss

 

$

(29,181

)

 

$

(18,098

)

 

$

(11,083

)

 

 

61

%

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized (loss) gain on marketable securities

 

 

6

 

 

 

(27

)

 

 

33

 

 

*

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

(226

)

 

 

(27

)

 

 

(199

)

 

*

 

Comprehensive loss

 

$

(29,401

)

 

$

(18,152

)

 

$

(11,249

)

 

 

62

%

* - Not meaningful

 

 

(1)

The following table sets forth our revenue for disposables, systems, and service/other for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (in thousands):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

Acutus Direct

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Disposables

 

$

1,783

 

 

$

1,017

 

Systems

 

 

613

 

 

 

520

 

Service/Other

 

 

35

 

 

 

10

 

Total Acutus direct revenue

 

 

2,431

 

 

 

1,547

 

Distribution agreements

 

 

1,160

 

 

 

36

 

Total revenue

 

$

3,591

 

 

$

1,583

 

32


 

 

The following table provides revenue by geographic location for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (in thousands):

 

 

 

The Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

Acutus Direct

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United States

 

$

1,468

 

 

$

770

 

Europe

 

 

963

 

 

 

777

 

Total Acutus direct revenue

 

 

2,431

 

 

 

1,547

 

Distribution Agreements

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United States

 

 

113

 

 

 

 

Europe

 

 

1,047

 

 

 

36

 

Total revenue through distribution

 

 

1,160

 

 

 

36

 

Total revenue

 

$

3,591

 

 

$

1,583

 

 

 

(2)

The following table sets forth the stock-based compensation expense included in our results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020:

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

Cost of products sold

 

$

157

 

 

$

108

 

Research and development

 

 

442

 

 

 

211

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

 

2,311

 

 

 

1,422

 

Total stock-based compensation

 

$

2,910

 

 

$

1,741

 

 

Revenue

Revenue was $3.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to $1.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. This increase of $2.0 million, or 127%, was attributable to a $1.3 million increase in purchase volume of our disposable products used in electrophysiology procedures as a result of a higher installed base and a $0.6 million increase in AcQMap System sales.

Costs and Operating Expenses

Cost of Products Sold

Cost of products sold was $7.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to $3.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. This increase of $3.8 million, or 118%, was primarily driven by an increase of $1.7 million due to the growth in revenue, a $0.8 million excess and obsolete charge primarily related to our disposable products, and a $0.8 million increase in depreciation and freight expense to support the higher installed base. Gross margin was negative 94% for the three months ended March 31, 2021, and negative 102% for the three months ended March 31, 2020. This improvement in gross margin was primarily attributable to increased revenue and higher production volumes, partially offset by the write-off of excess and obsolete inventory in the first quarter of 2021, related to our transition to fully in-house manufacturing and product line transition for our transseptal crossing device portfolio, as well as for slow moving inventory related to certain products impacted by COVID-19 headwinds.

Research and Development Expenses

Research and development expenses were $9.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to $8.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. This increase of $1.4 million, or 18%, was primarily attributable to $1.2 million in increased compensation and related costs from higher headcount, and $0.1 million in increased materials and supplies costs related to higher engineering project spending.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

Selling, general and administrative expenses were $16.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to $10.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. This increase of $6.1 million, or 59%, was primarily attributable to $5.4 million in increased compensation and $1.1 million in increased insurance costs in connection with our operations as a public company, partially offset by $0.4 million in decreased marketing expenses.

33


 

Change in Fair Value of Contingent Consideration

For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, we recorded changes in fair value of contingent consideration of $1.2 million and $2.2 million, respectively, for the decrease in the fair value of the contingent consideration for the acquisition of Rhythm Xience.

Other Income (Expense)

Other expense, net was $1.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to $0.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. This increase of $0.8 million was primarily attributable to a prior year change of $0.6 million in the fair value of the warrant liability.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

We have incurred significant operating losses and negative cash flows from operations since our inception, and we anticipate that we will incur significant losses for at least the next several years. As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, we had cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities of $106.7 million and $139.8 million, respectively. For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and the year ended December 31, 2020, our net losses were $29.2 million and $102.0 million, respectively, and our net cash used in operating activities was $26.3 million and $85.2 million, respectively. We had an accumulated deficit of $390.2 million and $361.0 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

Prior to our IPO in August 2020, our operations had been financed primarily by aggregate net proceeds from the sale of our convertible preferred stock and principal of our converted debt of $253.9 million, as well as other indebtedness. On August 10, 2020, we issued 10,147,058 shares of common stock in our IPO, which included 1,323,529 shares of common stock issued upon the exercise in full by the underwriters of an option to purchase additional shares of our common stock, at the public offering price less underwriting discounts and commissions. The price to the public was $18.00 per share, for net proceeds to us of $166.3 million.

Our future liquidity and capital funding requirements will depend on numerous factors, including:

 

our revenue growth;

 

our research and development efforts;

 

our sales and marketing activities;

 

our success in leveraging our strategic partnerships, including with Biotronik, as well as entrance into any other strategic partnerships or strategic transactions in the future;

 

our ability to raise additional funds to finance our operations;

 

the outcome, costs and timing of any clinical trial results for our current or future products;

 

the emergence and effect of competing or complementary products;

 

the availability and amount of reimbursement for procedures using our products;

 

our ability to maintain, expand and defend the scope of our intellectual property portfolio, including the amount and timing of any payments we may be required to make, or that we may receive, in connection with the licensing, filing, prosecution, defense and enforcement of any patents or other intellectual property rights;

 

our ability to retain our current employees and the need and ability to hire additional management and sales, scientific and medical personnel;

 

the terms and timing of any collaboration, licensing or other arrangements that we have or may establish;

 

debt service requirements;

 

the extent to which we acquire or invest in businesses, products or technologies; and

 

the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Our primary uses of capital are, and we expect will continue to be, investment in our commercial organization and related expenses, clinical research and development services, laboratory and related supplies, legal and other regulatory expenses, general administrative costs and working capital. In addition, we have acquired, and may in the future seek to acquire or invest in, additional businesses, products or technologies that we believe could complement or expand our portfolio, enhance our technical capabilities or otherwise offer growth opportunities. For example, in June 2019, we acquired Rhythm Xience, a medical device company specializing in the design and manufacture of transseptal crossing and steerable introducer systems, for $3.0 million in cash. The cash payment did not

34


 

include the potential $17.0 million in earn out consideration to be paid based on the achievement of certain regulatory milestones and revenue milestones. In February 2020, we issued to the former owners of Rhythm Xience 119,993 shares of our Series D convertible preferred stock and paid them $2.5 million in the first quarter of 2020 and an additional $2.5 million in the first quarter of 2021 in connection with the regulatory and revenue milestones earned to date. In addition, pursuant to the Biotronik license agreement, we paid Biotronik a $3.0 million upfront fee at the time the agreement was signed, as well as a technology transfer fee consisting of $7.0 million in cash in December 2019 and $5.0 million in shares of our Series D convertible preferred stock in February 2020. We are required to pay Biotronik and VascoMed GmbH (the “Biotronik Parties”)up to $10.0 million, of which $2.0 million has been paid as of March 31, 2021, upon the achievement of various regulatory and sales-related milestones, as well as unit-based royalties on any sales of force sensing catheters. We will also incur costs as a public company that we have not previously incurred or have previously incurred at lower rates.

With the closing of our IPO, our current cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities are sufficient to fund operations for at least the next 12 months. However, we will need to raise additional funds through the issuance of additional debt, equity or both. Until such time, if ever, that we can generate revenue sufficient to achieve profitability, we expect to finance our operations through equity or debt financings, which may not be available to us on the timing needed or on terms that we deem to be favorable. To the extent that we raise additional capital through the sale of equity or convertible debt securities, the ownership interest of our stockholders will be diluted, and the terms of these securities may include liquidation or other preferences that adversely affect the rights of common stockholders. Debt financing and preferred equity financing, if available, may involve agreements that include covenants limiting or restricting our ability to take specific actions, such as incurring additional debt, making acquisitions or capital expenditures or declaring dividends. If we are unable to maintain sufficient financial resources, our business, financial condition and results of operations will be materially and adversely affected. We may be required to delay, limit, reduce or terminate our product discovery and development activities or future commercialization efforts. There can be no assurance that we will be able to obtain the needed financing on acceptable terms or at all.

Debt Obligations

On May 20, 2019, we entered into the 2019 Credit Agreement. The 2019 Credit Agreement provided us with a senior term loan facility in aggregate principal amount of $70.0 million, of which we borrowed $40.0 million upon closing. Of the remaining $30.0 million, none is available for borrowing. The 2019 Credit Agreement bears interest per annum at 7.75% plus LIBOR for such interest period, and the principal amount of term loans outstanding under the 2019 Credit Agreement is due on May 20, 2024. The 2019 Credit Agreement can be prepaid but is subject to prepayment penalties. The 2019 Credit Agreement provides for final payment fees of an additional $4.6 million that are due upon prepayment, on the maturity date or upon acceleration.

Our obligations under the 2019 Credit Agreement are secured by substantially all of our assets, including our intellectual property, and is guaranteed by our subsidiary. The 2019 Credit Agreement contains customary affirmative and restrictive covenants, including with respect to our ability to enter into fundamental transactions, incur additional indebtedness, grant liens, pay any dividend or make any distributions to our holders, make investments and merge or consolidate with any other person or engage in transactions with our affiliates, but does not include any financial covenants, other than a minimum liquidity requirement.

Cash Flows

The following table shows a summary of our cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (in thousands):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

$

(26,273

)

 

$

(17,558

)

Net cash provided by investing activities

 

 

12,172

 

 

 

31,717

 

Net cash used in financing activities

 

 

(2,378

)

 

 

(2,584

)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

 

(124

)

 

 

(27

)

Net change in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

$

(16,603

)

 

$

11,548

 

Operating Activities

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, operating activities used $26.3 million of cash, an increase of $8.7 million from the three months ended March 31, 2020This increase was attributable to higher net losses of $11.1 million and unfavorable changes in working capital of $1.9 million, partially offset by an increase in non-cash items of $4.3 million, including an increase in stock-based

35


 

compensation expense of $1.2 million, an increase in the change in fair value of our contingent consideration of $1.1 million, an increase in depreciation expense of $0.8 million, and an increase in the fair value of warrant liability of $0.6 million. 

Investing Activities

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, investing activities provided $12.2 million of cash, a decrease of $19.5 million from the three months ended March 31, 2020. This decrease was attributable to purchases of marketable securities of $9.1 million, an increase in purchases of property and equipment of $2.0 million, and a decrease from prior year of sales of marketable securities of $8.1 million, and a decrease in proceeds from maturities of marketable securities of $0.3 million.

Financing Activities

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, financing activities used $2.4 million of cash, a decrease of $0.2 million from the three months ended March 31, 2020. The decrease is primarily related to proceeds from stock option exercises of $0.2 million.

In addition, we enter into agreements in the normal course of business with contract research organizations for clinical trials and with vendors for preclinical trials and other services and products for operating purposes which are cancelable at any time by us, generally upon 30 days prior written notice.

Further, the agreement to acquire Rhythm Xience requires us to pay the former owners of Rhythm Xience up to $15.0 million in additional cash earn out consideration based on the achievement of certain regulatory and revenue milestones. In February 2020, we issued to the former owners of Rhythm Xience 119,993 shares of our Series D convertible preferred stock valued at $2.2 million and paid them $2.5 million in the first quarter of 2020 and an additional $2.5 million in the first quarter of 2021 in connection with the regulatory and revenue milestones earned to date. In addition, pursuant to the Biotronik license agreement, we issued to Biotronik $5.0 million in shares of our Series D convertible preferred stock in February 2020, and we are required to pay the Biotronik Parties up to $10.0 million, of which $2.0 million has been paid as of March 31, 2021, upon the achievement of various regulatory and sales-related milestones, as well as unit-based royalties on any sales of force sensing catheters.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, we did not have, and we do not currently have, any off-balance sheet arrangements, as defined in the SEC rules and regulations.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Management’s discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based on our condensed consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. The preparation of these condensed consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions for the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses. Our estimates are based on our historical experience and on various other factors that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions and any such differences may be material.

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, there have been no material changes to our critical accounting policies and estimates from those disclosed in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, as filed with the SEC on March 19, 2021.

Our significant accounting policies are described in the Note 2 to our condensed consolidated financial statements.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

See Note 2 to our condensed consolidated financial statements for a description of recent accounting pronouncements applicable to our condensed consolidated financial statements.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

As a “smaller reporting company” as defined by Item 10 of Regulation S-K, the Company is not required to provide the information required by this item.

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Item 4. Controls and Procedures

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

We maintain “disclosure controls and procedures,” as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act, that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

The design of any disclosure controls and procedures also is based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions.

With respect to the quarter ended March 31, 2021, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operations of our disclosure controls and procedures. Based upon this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective. Management does not expect that our internal control over financial reporting will prevent or detect all errors and all fraud. A control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control systems are met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in a cost-effective control system, no evaluation of internal control over financial reporting can provide absolute assurance that misstatements due to error or fraud will not occur or that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, have been or will be detected.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting:

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that occurred during the quarter ended March 31, 2021 which have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

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Part II. OTHER INFORMATION

From time to time, we are involved in various legal proceedings arising from the normal course of our business activities. We are not presently a party to any litigation the outcome of which, we believe, if determined adversely to us, would individually or taken together have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, cash flows or financial condition. We have received, and may from time to time receive, letters from third parties alleging patent infringement, violation of employment practices or trademark infringement, and we may in the future participate in litigation to defend ourselves. The results of any current or future litigation cannot be predicted with certainty, and regardless of the outcome, litigation can have an adverse impact on us because of defense and settlement costs, diversion of management resources and other factors.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

As of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, there have been no material changes from the risk factors disclosed in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, as filed with the SEC on March 19, 2021. Any of these factors could result in a significant or material adverse effect on our result of operations or financial conditions. Additional risk factors not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial may also impair our business or results of operations. We may disclose changes to such factors or disclose additional factors from time to time in our future filings with the SEC.

Item 2. Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities.

None.

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Item 6. Exhibits

 

 

 

 

 

Incorporated by Reference

Exhibit

No.

 

Exhibit Description 

 

Form

 

File No.

 

Exhibit

 

Filing Date

 

Filed

Herewith

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31.1

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer of Acutus Medical, Inc. pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31.2

 

Certification of Principal Financial Officer of Acutus Medical, Inc. pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

32.1*

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer of Acutus Medical, Inc. pursuant to 18 U.S.C. §1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

32.2*

 

Certification of Principal Financial Officer of Acutus Medical, Inc. pursuant to 18 U.S.C. §1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

101

 

The following financial information from the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2021, formatted in Inline Extensible Business Reporting Language (iXBRL): (i) the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, (ii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss, (iii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Convertible Preferred Stock and Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit), (iv) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, and (v) Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (filed herewith).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

104

 

Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*

The certifications furnished in Exhibit 32 hereto are deemed to accompany this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and will not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act, except to the extent that the registrant specifically incorporates them by reference.

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

Acutus Medical, Inc.

 

(Registrant)

 

 

 

Date: May 12, 2021

By:

/s/ Vince Burgess

 

Vince Burgess

 

President and Chief Executive Officer

 

(Principal Executive Officer)

 

 

 

Date: May 12, 2021

By:

/s/ David H. Roman

 

David H. Roman

 

Chief Financial Officer

 

(Principal Financial Officer)

 

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