Docoh
Loading...

Hughes Satellite Systems

Filed: 6 May 20, 8:00pm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C.  20549
 
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2020.
 
OR 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM                                       TO                                       .
 
Commission File Number:  333-179121
 
Hughes Satellite Systems Corporation
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Colorado 45-0897865
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
     
100 Inverness Terrace East,Englewood,Colorado 80112-5308
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
   
(303)706-4000
 Not Applicable
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code) (Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes   No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes    No 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  (Check one):
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer Emerging growth company
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company  
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  No
 
As of April 30, 2020, the registrant’s outstanding common stock consisted of 1,078 shares of common stock, $0.01 par value per share.
 
The registrant meets the conditions set forth in General Instructions (H)(1)(a) and (b) of Form 10-Q and is therefore filing this Form 10-Q with the reduced disclosure format.
 
*       The registrant currently is not subject to the filing requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and is filing this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q on a voluntary basis.  The registrant has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months as if it were subject to such filing requirements during the entirety of such period.



TABLE OF CONTENTS
 

*This item has been omitted pursuant to the reduced disclosure format as set forth in General Instructions (H)(2) of Form 10-Q.



DISCLOSURE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (“Form 10-Q”) contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, including but not limited to statements about our estimates, expectations, plans, objectives, strategies, financial condition, expected impact of regulatory developments and legal proceedings, opportunities in our industries and businesses and other trends and projections for the next fiscal quarter and beyond. All statements, other than statements of historical facts, may be forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements may also be identified by words such as “anticipate,” “intend,” “plan,” “goal,” “seek,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “predict,” “continue,” “future,” “will,” “would,” “could,” “can,” “may” and similar terms. These forward-looking statements are based on information available to us as of the date of this Form 10-Q and represent management’s current views and assumptions. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance, events or results and involve potential known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, many of which may be beyond our control and may pose a risk to our operating and financial condition. Accordingly, actual performance, events or results could differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements due to a number of factors including, but not limited to:  
 
significant risks related to the construction and operation of our satellites, such as the risk of not being able to timely complete the construction of or material malfunction on one or more of our satellites, changes in the space weather environment that could interfere with the operation of our satellites and our general lack of commercial insurance coverage on our satellites;
our ability and the ability of third parties with whom we engage in order to operate our business, including customers, suppliers, vendors, financing sources, governmental entities and others, to successfully or fully operate as a result of outbreaks of viruses or widespread illness, including existing, continuing and future impacts and consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic caused by the novel coronavirus;
our ability to implement and/or realize benefits of our domestic and/or international investments, commercial alliances, partnerships, joint ventures, acquisitions, dispositions and other strategic initiatives and transactions;
lawsuits relating to the BSS Transaction or AGR matter (each as defined herein), which could result in substantial costs and, for the AGR matter, material adverse effects on our business, results of operation, financial condition and prospects in India;
our ability to realize the anticipated benefits of our current satellites and any future satellite we may construct or acquire;
risks related to our foreign operations and other uncertainties associated with doing business internationally, including changes in foreign exchange rates between foreign currencies and the United States (“U.S.”) dollar, economic instability, political disturbances and the consequences of being subject to foreign regulation and foreign legal proceedings, including increased operations costs and potential fines and penalties for violations, which may be substantial;
the failure of third-party providers of components, manufacturing, installation services and customer support services to appropriately deliver the contracted goods or services; and
our ability to bring advanced technologies to market to keep pace with our customers and competitors.

Other factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed under the caption Risk Factors in Part II, Item 1A of this Form 10-Q and in Part I, Item 1A of our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K (“Form 10-K”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), those discussed in Management’s Narrative Analysis of Results of Operations in Part I, Item 2 of this Form 10-Q and in Part II, Item 7 of our Form 10-K and those discussed in other documents we file with the SEC.
 
All cautionary statements made herein should be read as being applicable to all forward-looking statements wherever they appear. Investors should consider the risks and uncertainties described herein and should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. We do not undertake, and specifically disclaim, any obligation to publicly release the results of any revisions that may be made to any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.

Although we believe that the expectations reflected in any forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, events, levels of activity, performance or achievements. We do not assume responsibility for

i


the accuracy and completeness of any forward-looking statements. We assume no responsibility for updating forward-looking information contained or incorporated by reference herein or in any documents we file with the SEC, except as required by law.

Should one or more of the risks or uncertainties described herein or in any documents we file with the SEC occur, or should underlying assumptions prove incorrect, our actual results and plans could differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statements.

ii


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
  As of
  March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
Assets    
Current assets:    
Cash and cash equivalents $1,228,361
 $1,139,435
Marketable investment securities 524,941
 652,835
Trade accounts receivable and contract assets, net 187,812
 196,520
Other current assets, net 315,371
 301,652
Total current assets 2,256,485
 2,290,442
Non-current assets:    
Property and equipment, net 1,750,561
 1,857,581
Operating lease right-of-use assets 119,711
 113,399
Goodwill 509,315
 506,953
Regulatory authorizations, net 411,243
 412,363
Other intangible assets, net 25,663
 29,321
Other investments, net 108,952
 110,040
Other non-current assets, net 256,775
 251,936
Total non-current assets 3,182,220
 3,281,593
Total assets $5,438,705
 $5,572,035
Liabilities and Shareholder's Equity    
Current liabilities:    
Trade accounts payable $106,339
 $121,552
Contract liabilities 99,266
 101,060
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities 231,890
 258,417
Total current liabilities 437,495
 481,029
Non-current liabilities:    
Long-term debt 2,390,218
 2,389,168
Deferred tax liabilities, net 381,221
 380,316
Operating lease liabilities 105,457
 96,879
Other non-current liabilities 88,596
 90,480
Total non-current liabilities 2,965,492
 2,956,843
Total liabilities 3,402,987
 3,437,872
Commitments and contingencies 


 


Shareholder's equity:    
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 1,000,000 shares authorized, none issued and outstanding at both March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 
 
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 1,000,000 shares authorized, 1,078 shares issued and outstanding at both March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 
 
Additional paid-in capital 1,483,747
 1,478,636
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (154,033) (84,636)
Accumulated earnings (losses) 647,775
 664,415
Total Hughes Satellite Systems Corporation shareholder's equity 1,977,489
 2,058,415
Non-controlling interests 58,229
 75,748
Total shareholder's equity 2,035,718
 2,134,163
Total liabilities and shareholder's equity $5,438,705
 $5,572,035
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

1


HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Amounts in thousands)
(Unaudited)
  For the three months
ended March 31,
  2020 2019
Revenue:    
Services and other revenue $410,238
 $403,485
Equipment revenue 57,309
 51,714
Total revenue 467,547
 455,199
Costs and expenses:    
Cost of sales - services and other (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) 143,885
 142,086
Cost of sales - equipment (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) 45,908
 45,007
Selling, general and administrative expenses 115,860
 102,337
Research and development expenses 6,254
 6,888
Depreciation and amortization 125,965
 112,411
Total costs and expenses 437,872
 408,729
Operating income (loss) 29,675
 46,470
Other income (expense):    
Interest income, net 8,892
 17,997
Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized (42,192) (57,915)
Gains (losses) on investments, net (164) (346)
Equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated affiliates, net (1,087) (1,072)
Foreign currency transaction gains (losses), net (7,528) 211
Other, net (278) (165)
Total other income (expense), net (42,357) (41,290)
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes (12,682) 5,180
Income tax benefit (provision), net (5,231) (4,872)
Net income (loss) from continuing operations (17,913) 308
Net income (loss) from discontinued operations 
 22,724
Net income (loss) (17,913) 23,032
Less: Net loss (income) attributable to non-controlling interests 3,442
 (806)
Net income (loss) attributable to Hughes Satellite Systems Corporation $(14,471) $22,226















The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

2


HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(Amounts in thousands)
(Unaudited)
  For the three months
ended March 31,
  2020 2019
Net income (loss) $(17,913) $23,032
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:    
Foreign currency translation (82,836) (838)
Unrealized gains (losses) on available-for-sale debt securities (2,479) 2,353
Other (405) 33
Amounts reclassified to net income (loss):    
Realized losses (gains) on available-for-sale debt securities 
 (385)
Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax (85,720) 1,163
Comprehensive income (loss) (103,633) 24,195
Less: Comprehensive loss (income) attributable to non-controlling interests 19,765
 (806)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Hughes Satellite Systems Corporation $(83,868) $23,389


































The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

3


HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDER’S EQUITY
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2020 AND 2019
(Amounts in thousands)
(Unaudited)
  Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 Accumulated
Earnings (Losses)
 Non-controlling
Interests
 Total
Balance, December 31, 2018 $1,767,037
 $(83,774) $693,957
 $15,275
 $2,392,495
Stock-based compensation 1,433
 
 
 
 1,433
Purchase of non-controlling interest (2,666) 
 
 (4,647) (7,313)
Other comprehensive income (loss) 
 1,163
 
 
 1,163
Net income (loss) 
 
 22,226
 806
 23,032
Other, net (323) 
 
 
 (323)
Balance, March 31, 2019 $1,765,481
 $(82,611) $716,183
 $11,434
 $2,410,487
           
Balance, December 31, 2019 $1,478,636
 $(84,636) $664,415
 $75,748
 $2,134,163
Cumulative effect of accounting changes 
 
 (2,169) (240) (2,409)
Balance, January 1, 2020 1,478,636
 (84,636) 662,246
 75,508
 2,131,754
Stock-based compensation 1,457
 
 
 
 1,457
Issuance of equity and contribution of assets pursuant to the Yahsat JV formation 4,338
 
 
 (1,514) 2,824
Contribution by non-controlling interest holder 
 
 
 4,000
 4,000
Other comprehensive income (loss) 
 (69,397) 
 (16,323) (85,720)
Net income (loss) 
 
 (14,471) (3,442) (17,913)
Other, net (684) 
 
 
 (684)
Balance, March 31, 2020 $1,483,747
 $(154,033) $647,775
 $58,229
 $2,035,718






















The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

4


HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Amounts in thousands)
(Unaudited) 
  For the three months
ended March 31,
  2020 2019
Cash flows from operating activities:    
Net income (loss) $(17,913) $23,032
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash flows from operating activities: 

 

Depreciation and amortization 125,965
 143,530
Losses (gains) on investments, net 164
 346
Equity in losses (earnings) of unconsolidated affiliates, net 1,087
 1,072
Foreign currency transaction losses (gains), net 7,528
 (211)
Deferred tax provision (benefit), net 1,526
 9,936
Stock-based compensation 1,457
 1,433
Amortization of debt issuance costs 1,050
 2,010
Other, net (810) 1,370
Changes in assets and liabilities, net: 

 

Trade accounts receivable and contract assets, net (8,162) (19,228)
Other current assets, net (21,268) (11,098)
Trade accounts payable (10,984) 8,122
Contract liabilities (3,213) 17,931
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities (5,007) (13,450)
Non-current assets and non-current liabilities, net (6,196) 6,170
Net cash flows from operating activities 65,224
 170,965
     
Cash flows from investing activities: 

 

Purchases of marketable investment securities (365,877) (240,188)
Sales and maturities of marketable investment securities 490,020
 468,745
Expenditures for property and equipment (91,517) (73,929)
Expenditures for externally marketed software (8,638) (7,600)
Net cash flows from investing activities 23,988
 147,028
     
Cash flows from financing activities: 

 

Repurchase of the 2019 Senior Secured Notes 
 (8,046)
Payment of finance lease obligations (215) (9,882)
Payment of in-orbit incentive obligations (203) (1,573)
Contribution by non-controlling interest holder 4,000
 
Purchase of non-controlling interest 
 (7,312)
Other, net 979
 
Net cash flows from financing activities 4,561
 (26,813)
     
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents (4,618) (117)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 89,155
 291,063
Cash and cash equivalents, including restricted amounts, beginning of period 1,140,322
 848,619
Cash and cash equivalents, including restricted amounts, end of period $1,229,477
 $1,139,682


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

5


HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
 
NOTE 1.    ORGANIZATION AND BUSINESS ACTIVITIES
 
Principal Business
 
Hughes Satellite Systems Corporation (which, together with its subsidiaries, is referred to as “HSSC,” the “Company,” “we,” “us” and “our”) is a holding company and a subsidiary of EchoStar Corporation (“EchoStar”).  We are a global provider of broadband satellite technologies, broadband internet services for consumer customers, which include home and small to medium-sized businesses, and satellite services. We also deliver innovative network technologies, managed services and communications solutions for enterprise customers, which include aeronautical and government enterprises. We operate in the following 2 business segments:
 
Hughes — which provides broadband satellite technologies and broadband internet services to domestic and international consumer customers and broadband network technologies, managed services, equipment, hardware, satellite services and communication solutions to service providers and enterprise customers. The Hughes segment also designs, provides and installs gateway and terminal equipment to customers for other satellite systems. In addition, our Hughes segment designs, develops, constructs and provides telecommunication networks comprising satellite ground segment systems and terminals to mobile system operators and our enterprise customers.
ESS — which uses certain of our owned and leased in-orbit satellites and related licenses to provide satellite services on a full-time and/or occasional-use basis to U.S. government service providers, internet service providers, broadcast news organizations, content providers and private enterprise customers.
 
Our operations also include various corporate departments (primarily Executive, Treasury, Strategic Development, Human Resources, IT, Finance, Accounting, Real Estate and Legal) and other activities that have not been assigned to our business segments such as costs incurred in certain satellite development programs and other business development activities, and gains or losses from certain of our investments. These activities, costs and income, as well as eliminations of intersegment transactions, are accounted for in Corporate and Other. We also divide our operations by primary geographic market as follows: (i) North America (the U.S. and its territories, Mexico, and Canada); (ii) South and Central America and; (iii) All other (Asia, Africa, Australia, Europe, India, and the Middle East). Refer to Note 13. Segment Reporting for further detail.

In September 2019, pursuant to a master transaction agreement (the “Master Transaction Agreement”) with DISH Network Corporation (“DISH”) and a wholly-owned subsidiary of DISH (“Merger Sub”), (i) EchoStar and its subsidiaries and we and our subsidiaries transferred certain real property and the various businesses, products, licenses, technology, revenues, billings, operating activities, assets and liabilities primarily related to the former portion of our ESS segment that managed, marketed and provided (1) broadcast satellite services primarily to DISH and its subsidiaries (together with DISH, “DISH Network”) and EchoStar’s joint venture Dish Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V. (“Dish Mexico”) and its subsidiaries, and (2) telemetry, tracking and control (“TT&C”) services for satellites owned by DISH Network and a portion of EchoStar’s and our other businesses (collectively, the “BSS Business”) to one of our former subsidiaries, EchoStar BSS Corporation (“BSS Corp.”), (ii) EchoStar distributed to each holder of shares of EchoStar’s Class A or Class B common stock entitled to receive consideration in the transaction an amount of shares of common stock of BSS Corp., par value $0.001 per share (“BSS Common Stock”), equal to one share of BSS Common Stock for each share of EchoStar’s Class A or Class B common stock owned by such EchoStar stockholder (the “Distribution”); and (iii) immediately after the Distribution, (1) Merger Sub merged with and into BSS Corp. (the “Merger”), such that BSS Corp. became a wholly-owned subsidiary of DISH and with DISH then owning and operating the BSS Business, and (2) each issued and outstanding share of BSS Common Stock owned by EchoStar stockholders was converted into the right to receive 0.23523769 shares of DISH Class A common stock, par value $0.001 per share (“DISH Common Stock”) ((i) - (iii) collectively, the “BSS Transaction”).

Following the consummation of the BSS Transaction, we no longer operate the BSS Business, which was a substantial portion of our ESS segment. As a result of the BSS Transaction, the financial results of the BSS Business, except for certain real estate that transferred in the transaction, are presented as discontinued operations and, as such, excluded from continuing operations and segment results for the three months ended March 31, 2019, as presented in these

6

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and the accompanying notes (collectively, the “Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements”).

All amounts in the following footnotes reference results from continuing operations unless otherwise noted. Refer to Note 4. Discontinued Operations for further detail.

NOTE 2.    SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Basis of Presentation
 
These Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are prepared in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X for interim financial information. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required for complete financial statements prepared in conformity with U.S. GAAP. In our opinion, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. However, our results of operations for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year.

All amounts presented in these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars, except share and per share amounts and unless otherwise noted.

Refer to Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies to the consolidated financial statements in our Form 10-K for a summary and discussion of our significant accounting policies, except as updated below.

Use of Estimates

We are required to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. The most significant estimates and assumptions are used in determining: (i) inputs used to recognize revenue over time, including amortization periods for deferred contract acquisition costs; (ii) allowances for doubtful accounts; (iii) deferred taxes and related valuation allowances, including uncertain tax positions; (iv) loss contingencies; (v) fair value of financial instruments; (vi) fair value of assets and liabilities acquired in business combinations; and (vii) asset impairment testing.

We base our estimates and assumptions on historical experience, observable market inputs and on various other factors that we believe to be relevant under the circumstances. Due to the inherent uncertainty involved in making estimates, actual results may differ from previously estimated amounts and such differences may be material to our consolidated financial statements. Additionally, changing economic and other conditions may increase the inherent uncertainty in the estimates and assumptions indicated above. We review our estimates and assumptions periodically and the effects of revisions thereto are reflected in the period they occur or prospectively if the revised estimates or assumptions affect future periods.

Principles of Consolidation
 
We consolidate all entities in which we have a controlling financial interest. We are deemed to have a controlling financial interest in variable interest entities in which we are the primary beneficiary and in other entities in which we own more than 50% of the outstanding voting shares and other shareholders do not have substantive rights to participate in management. For entities we control but do not wholly own, we record a non-controlling interest within shareholder’s equity for the portion of the entity’s equity attributed to the non-controlling ownership interests. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Reclassification

Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform with the current period presentation.


7

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

Credit Losses

On January 1, 2020, we adopted Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-13 - Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326), as amended, and codified in Accounting Standards Codification Topic 326 (“ASC 326”). ASC 326 introduces a new approach to the periodic estimation of credit losses for certain financial assets based on expected losses instead of incurred losses. It also modifies the impairment model for available-for-sale debt securities and provides a simplified accounting model for purchased financial assets that have experienced credit deterioration since their original purchase. We have elected to apply the requirements of the new standard prospectively and we recognized a cumulative effect of adoption of $2.2 million to Accumulated earnings (losses) as of January 1, 2020. Based on this election, we did not restate our comparative Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and they continue to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for the periods before January 1, 2020.

The following describes the accounting impacts, by major balance sheet line item, of our adoption of this new standard based on the relevant types of losses that we and our equity method investees may be subject to:

Trade Accounts Receivable and Contract Assets, Net Our trade accounts receivables and contract assets consist of amounts due from both our consumer and enterprise customers. Our receivables and related credit losses for our consumer customers are limited due to policies that require advance payment for services, predominant use of credit card and ACH payment processes, and our ability to promptly terminate service when timely payments are not received. However, for our enterprise customers, we estimate expected credit losses on a collective basis based on our historical loss experience, as adjusted to reflect changes in relevant factors, such as macroeconomic conditions and customer mix, that can significantly impact collectability.

We apply our collective estimation processes separately to several pools of receivables that share common risk characteristics, generally based on the customers’ geographical location. Customers with significant past-due balances or other atypical characteristics are excluded from our collective analysis and evaluated on a case-by-case basis. Our estimates of expected credit losses for such receivables reflect significant judgments that consider customer-specific matters such as the customer’s financial condition, payment history, and recent developments in the customer’s business and industry. Due to the short-term nature of our trade receivables and contract assets, forecasts about the future have limited relevance to our expected credit loss estimates.

We record our customer related estimated credit losses as a component of our bad debt expense as reported in Selling, general and administrative expenses.

Other Current Assets, Net, and Other Non-current Assets, Net We estimate expected credit losses for receivables with payment terms longer than one year separately by borrower, due to the unique risk characteristics of such receivables. We generally use discounted cash flow techniques to estimate such credit losses. In applying such techniques, we may estimate principal and interest cash flows under probability-weighted scenarios that consider entity-specific matters and forecasted economic conditions. The majority of our other non-current receivables are from entities in the telecommunications industry. The collection of contractual principal and interest on these receivables is highly dependent on the future business operations of those entities. Our estimation of expected credit losses for such receivables requires significant judgment about matters specific to the borrower and their industry. Accordingly, our actual collection experience may differ from the assumptions reflected in our expected credit loss estimates.

We record our estimated credit losses as a component of our bad debt expense as reported in Selling, general and administrative expenses.


8

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

Financial Impact of Adoption. Our adoption of this new standard resulted in the following adjustments to our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet:
  Balance at December 31, 2019 Adoption of
ASC 326 Increase (Decrease)
 Balance at
January 1, 2020
Trade accounts receivable and contract assets, net $196,520
 $(13,672) $182,848
Other current assets, net $301,652
 $6,723
 $308,375
Other non-current assets, net $251,936
 $4,050
 $255,986
Total assets $5,572,035
 $(2,899) $5,569,136
Deferred tax liabilities, net $380,316
 $(490) $379,826
Accumulated earnings (losses) $664,415
 $(2,169) $662,246
Non-controlling interests $75,748
 $(240) $75,508
Total shareholder's equity $2,134,163
 $(2,409) $2,131,754
Total liabilities and shareholder's equity $5,572,035
 $(2,899) $5,569,136

The application of ASC 326 requirements did not materially affect our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

In December 2019, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU No. 2019-12 - Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes (“ASU 2019-12”). ASU 2019-12 is part of the FASB’s overall simplification initiative and seeks to simplify the accounting for income taxes by updating certain guidance and removing certain exceptions. The updated guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020 and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. We are currently assessing the impact of adopting this new guidance.

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04 - Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848), codified as ASC 848 (“ASC 848”). The purpose of ASC 848 is to provide optional guidance to ease the potential effects on financial reporting of the market-wide migration away from Interbank Offered Rates (“IBORs”) to alternative reference rates. ASC 848 applies only to contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions that reference a reference rate expected to be discontinued because of reference rate reform. The guidance may be applied upon issuance of ASC 848 through December 31, 2022. We are currently assessing the impact of adopting this new guidance, but do not expect it to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.


9

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

NOTE 3.     REVENUE RECOGNITION

Contract Balances

The following table presents the components of our contract balances:
  As of
  March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
Trade accounts receivable and contract assets, net:    
Sales and services $147,288
 $152,632
Leasing 4,194
 4,016
Total trade accounts receivable 151,482
 156,648
Contract assets 46,938
 63,649
Allowance for doubtful accounts (10,608) (23,777)
Total trade accounts receivable and contract assets, net $187,812
 $196,520
     
Contract liabilities:    
Current $99,266
 $101,060
Non-current 9,426
 10,572
Total contract liabilities $108,692
 $111,632


For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, we recognized revenue of $52.2 million and $39.5 million, respectively, that were previously included in the contract liability balances as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

The following table presents the activity in our allowance for doubtful accounts:
  Balance at
Beginning
of Period
 
Credit Losses (1)
 Deductions Foreign Currency Translation Balance at
End 
of Period
For the three months ended:  
  
  
    
March 31, 2020 $23,777
 $(5,754) $(6,325) $(1,090) $10,608
March 31, 2019 $16,604
 $4,177
 $(6,738) $(15) $14,028
(1) The impact of adopting ASC 326 on January 1, 2020 was a net decrease to our allowance for doubtful accounts largely driven by a $13.4 million reclassification to Other current assets, net and Other non-current assets, net, offset by a $2.9 million adjustment to Accumulated earnings (losses).  

Contract Acquisition Costs

The following table presents our unamortized contract acquisition costs:
  As of
  March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
Unamortized contract acquisition costs $110,397
 $113,592


10

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

The following table presents the amortization of our contract acquisition costs:
  For the three months
ended March 31,
  2020 2019
Amortization expense $25,431
 $21,115


Transaction Price Allocated to Remaining Performance Obligations

As of March 31, 2020, the remaining performance obligations for our customer contracts with original expected durations of more than one year was $736.6 million. We expect to recognize 39.6% of our remaining performance obligations of these contracts as revenue in the next twelve months. This amount excludes agreements with consumer customers in our Hughes segment, our leasing arrangements and agreements with certain customers under which collectability of all amounts due through the term of contracts is uncertain.

Disaggregation of Revenue

Geographic Information

The following table presents our revenue from customer contracts disaggregated by primary geographic market and by segment:
  Hughes ESS Corporate and Other Consolidated
Total
For the three months ended March 31, 2020        
North America $382,715
 $4,652
 $(285) $387,082
South and Central America 33,956
 
 
 33,956
Other 41,811
 
 4,698
 46,509
Total revenue $458,482
 $4,652
 $4,413
 $467,547
         
For the three months ended March 31, 2019        
North America $367,829
 $4,033
 $1,005
 $372,867
South and Central America 26,863
 
 
 26,863
Other 50,645
 
 4,824
 55,469
Total revenue $445,337
 $4,033
 $5,829
 $455,199



11

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

Nature of Products and Services

The following table presents our revenue disaggregated by the nature of products and services and by segment:
  Hughes ESS Corporate and Other Consolidated
Total
For the three months ended March 31, 2020        
Services and other revenue:        
Services $390,000
 $2,765
 $
 $392,765
Lease revenue 11,173
 1,887
 4,413
 17,473
Total services and other revenue 401,173
 4,652
 4,413
 410,238
Equipment revenue: 

 

 

 

Equipment 24,839
 
 
 24,839
Design, development and construction services 31,557
 
 
 31,557
Lease revenue 913
 
 
 913
Total equipment revenue 57,309
 
 
 57,309
Total revenue $458,482
 $4,652
 $4,413
 $467,547
         
For the three months ended March 31, 2019        
Services and other revenue:        
Services $380,783
 $2,817
 $322
 $383,922
Lease revenue 12,840
 1,216
 5,507
 19,563
Total services and other revenue 393,623
 4,033
 5,829
 403,485
Equipment revenue: 

 

 

 

Equipment 25,960
 
 
 25,960
Design, development and construction services 25,066
 
 
 25,066
Lease revenue 688
 
 
 688
Total equipment revenue 51,714
 
 
 51,714
Total revenue $445,337
 $4,033
 $5,829
 $455,199


Lease Revenue

The following table presents our lease revenue by type of lease:
  For the three months
ended March 31,
  2020 2019
Sales-type lease revenue:    
Revenue at lease commencement $913
 $688
Interest income 69
 252
Total sales-type lease revenue 982
 940
Operating lease revenue 17,404
 19,311
Total lease revenue $18,386
 $20,251


Substantially all of our net investment in sales-type leases consisted of lease receivables totaling $6.6 million and $6.5 million as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

12

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)


The following table presents future operating lease payments to be received as of March 31, 2020:
  Amounts
Year ending December 31,  
2020 (remainder) $27,691
2021 34,910
2022 32,052
2023 30,285
2024 28,219
2025 and beyond 123,520
Total lease payments $276,677


The following table presents amounts for assets subject to operating leases, which are included in Property and equipment, net:
  As of
  March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
  Cost Accumulated Depreciation Net Cost Accumulated Depreciation Net
Customer premises equipment $1,488,031
 $(1,123,861) $364,170
 $1,458,298
 $(1,074,968) $383,330
Satellites 104,620
 (33,104) 71,516
 104,620
 (31,360) 73,260
Total $1,592,651
 $(1,156,965) $435,686
 $1,562,918
 $(1,106,328) $456,590

The following table presents depreciation expense for assets subject to operating leases, which is included in Depreciation and amortization:
  For the three months
ended March 31,
  2020 2019
Customer premises equipment $49,504
 $49,712
Satellites 1,744
 1,737
Real estate 
 217
Total $51,248
 $51,666



13

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

NOTE 4.    DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS

BSS Business

The following table presents the financial results of our discontinued operations for the BSS Business for the three months ended March 31, 2019:
  Amounts
Revenue:  
Services and other revenue - DISH Network $70,826
Services and other revenue - other 6,400
Total revenue 77,226
Costs and expenses:  
Cost of sales - services and other (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) 10,217
Selling, general and administrative expenses 20
Depreciation and amortization 31,119
Total costs and expenses 41,356
Operating income (loss) 35,870
Other income (expense):  
Interest expense (6,498)
Total other income (expense), net (6,498)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations before income taxes 29,372
Income tax benefit (provision), net (6,648)
Net income (loss) from discontinued operations $22,724


No assets or liabilities attributable to our discontinued operations of the BSS Business were held by us as of March 31, 2020 or December 31, 2019.

The following table presents the significant supplemental cash flow information and adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash flow from operating activities for discontinued operations of the BSS Business for the three months ended March 31, 2019:
  Amounts
Operating activities:  
Net income (loss) from discontinued operations $22,724
Depreciation and amortization $31,119
   
Investing activities:  
Expenditures for property and equipment $108
   
Financing activities:  
Payment of finance lease obligations $9,597
Payment of in-orbit incentive obligations $1,035



14

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

Terminated or Transferred Related Party Agreements

Effective September 10, 2019, the following agreements were terminated or transferred to DISH Network as part of the BSS Transaction. Unless noted differently below, we have no further obligations and have neither earned additional revenue nor incurred additional expense, as applicable, under or in connection with these agreements after the consummation of the BSS Transaction.

DBS Transponder Lease. EchoStar leased satellite capacity from us on eight direct broadcast satellite (“DBS”) transponders on the QuetzSat-1 satellite through November 2021, after which EchoStar had certain options to renew the agreement on a year-to year basis through the end of life of the QuetzSat-1 satellite.

EchoStar XXIII Launch Facilitation and Operational Control Agreement.  As part of applying for the launch license for the EchoStar XXIII satellite through the UK Space Agency, we and a subsidiary of EchoStar, EchoStar Operating L.L.C. (“EOC”), entered into an agreement in March 2016 to transfer to us EOC’s launch service contracts for the EchoStar XXIII satellite and to grant us certain rights to control its in-orbit operations.  EOC retained ownership of the satellite and agreed to make additional payments to us for amounts that we were required to pay under the launch service contract.  In 2016, we recorded additions to Other non-current assets, net and corresponding increases in Additional paid-in capital in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet to reflect EOC’s cumulative payments under the launch service contract prior to the transfer date and to reflect EOC’s funding of additional cash payments to the launch service provider. The EchoStar XXIII satellite was successfully launched in March 2017. We recorded decreases in Other non-current assets, net and Additional paid-in capital of $62.0 million, representing the carrying amount of the launch service contract at the time of launch to reflect the consumption of the contract’s economic benefits by EOC.

Satellite Capacity Leased to DISH Network. We entered into certain agreements to lease satellite capacity pursuant to which we provided satellite services to DISH Network on certain satellites, as listed below, owned or leased by us. The fees for the services provided under these agreements depended, among other things, upon the orbital location of the applicable satellite, the number of transponders that provided services on the applicable satellite and the length of the service arrangements. The terms of each of the agreements are set forth below:

EchoStar VII, EchoStar X, EchoStar XI and EchoStar XIV — In March 2014, we began leasing certain satellite capacity to DISH Network on the EchoStar VII satellite, the EchoStar X satellite, the EchoStar XI satellite and the EchoStar XIV satellite.

EchoStar XII — DISH Network leased satellite capacity from us on the EchoStar XII satellite.

EchoStar XVI — In December 2009, we entered into an agreement to lease satellite capacity to DISH Network, pursuant to which DISH Network leased satellite capacity from us on the EchoStar XVI satellite beginning in January 2013.

Nimiq 5 Agreement — In September 2009, we entered into an agreement with Telesat Canada to lease satellite capacity from Telesat Canada on all 32 direct broadcast satellite (“DBS”) transponders on the Nimiq 5 satellite at the 72.7 degree west longitude orbital location (the “Telesat Transponder Agreement”). In September 2009, we entered into an agreement with DISH Network, pursuant to which DISH Network leased satellite capacity from us on all 32 of the DBS transponders covered by the Telesat Transponder Agreement (the “DISH Nimiq 5 Agreement”). Under the terms of the DISH Nimiq 5 Agreement, DISH Network made certain monthly payments to us that commenced in September 2009, when the Nimiq 5 satellite was placed into service. Following the consummation of the BSS Transaction, we retained certain obligations related to DISH Network’s performance under the Telesat Transponder Agreement.

QuetzSat-1 Agreement — In November 2008, we entered into an agreement to lease satellite capacity from SES Latin America, which provided, among other things, for the provision by SES Latin America to us of leased satellite capacity on 32 DBS transponders on the QuetzSat-1 satellite. Concurrently, in 2008, we entered into an agreement pursuant to which DISH Network leased from us satellite capacity on 24 of the DBS transponders on the QuetzSat-1 satellite. The QuetzSat-1 satellite was launched in September 2011 and was placed into service in November 2011 at the 67.1 degree west longitude orbital location. In January 2013, the QuetzSat-1

15

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

satellite was moved to the 77 degree west longitude orbital location. In February 2013, we and DISH Network entered into an agreement pursuant to which we leased back from DISH Network certain satellite capacity on 5 DBS transponders on the QuetzSat-1 satellite.

TT&C Agreement. Effective January 2012, we entered into a TT&C agreement pursuant to which we provided TT&C services to DISH Network, which we subsequently amended (the “2012 TT&C Agreement”). The fees for services provided under the 2012 TT&C Agreement were calculated at either: (i) a fixed fee or (ii) cost plus a fixed margin, which varied depending on the nature of the services provided.

Real Estate Lease.  During 2017, EchoStar and certain of its and our subsidiaries entered into a share exchange agreement (the “Share Exchange Agreement”) with DISH and certain of its subsidiaries whereby EchoStar and certain of its and our subsidiaries received all the shares of preferred tracking stock previously issued by EchoStar and Hughes Satellite Systems Corporation (the “Tracking Stock”) in exchange for 100% of the equity interests of certain of EchoStar’s subsidiaries that held substantially all of the former EchoStar Technologies businesses and certain other assets (collectively, the “Share Exchange”). Prior to the Share Exchange, a subsidiary of EchoStar leased to DISH Network certain space at 530 EchoStar Drive, Cheyenne, Wyoming. In connection with the Share Exchange, EchoStar transferred ownership of a portion of this property to DISH Network and contributed a portion to us and we and DISH Network amended this agreement to, among other things, provide for a continued lease to DISH Network of the portion of the property we retained (the “Cheyenne Data Center”). The rent on a per square foot basis for the lease was comparable to per square foot rental rates of similar commercial property in the same geographic area at the time of the lease or subsequent amendments, and DISH Network was responsible for its portion of the taxes, insurance, utilities and maintenance of the premises. In connection with the BSS Transaction, we transferred the Cheyenne Data Center to DISH Network. This lease does not qualify for discontinued operations treatment, and therefore the revenue from it has not been treated as discontinued operations.

NOTE 5.    BUSINESS COMBINATIONS

In May 2019, we entered into an agreement with Al Yah Satellite Communications Company PrJSC (“Yahsat”) pursuant to which, in November 2019, Yahsat contributed its satellite communications services business in Brazil to one of our Brazilian subsidiaries in exchange for a 20% equity ownership interest in that subsidiary (the “Yahsat Brazil JV Transaction”). The combined business provides broadband internet services and enterprise solutions in Brazil using the Telesat T19V satellite, the Eutelsat 65W satellite and Yahsat’s Al Yah 3 satellite. The results of operations related to the business we acquired from Yahsat have been included in these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements from the date of acquisition. Through March 31, 2020, we have incurred $1.6 million of costs associated with the closing of the Yahsat Brazil JV Transaction.


16

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

All assets and liabilities acquired from Yahsat have been recorded at fair value. The following table presents our updated preliminary allocation of the purchase price:
  Amounts
Assets:  
Cash and cash equivalents $7,858
Other current assets, net 7,106
Property and equipment 86,983
Regulatory authorization 4,498
Goodwill 6,328
Other non-current assets, net 1,502
Total assets $114,275
   
Liabilities:  
Trade accounts payable $3,879
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities 4,796
Total liabilities $8,675
   
Total purchase price (1)
 $105,600
(1)    Based on the value determined for the equity ownership interest issued by our Brazilian subsidiary as consideration for the business acquired by us in the Yahsat Brazil JV Transaction.

The following preliminary valuation of the acquired assets was derived using primarily unobservable Level 3 inputs, which require significant management judgment and estimation: 
  Amounts
Satellite payload $49,363
Regulatory authorization 4,498
Total $53,861


The satellite payload and regulatory authorization were valued using an income approach and are being amortized over seven and 11 years, respectively.
We recognized goodwill of $6.3 million, including a currency translation adjustment of $1.2 million. The goodwill is attributable to expected synergies, the projected long-term business growth in current and new markets and an assembled workforce. This goodwill has been allocated entirely to our Hughes segment.


17

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

NOTE 6.    MARKETABLE INVESTMENT SECURITIES

The following table presents our Marketable investment securities:
  As of
  March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
Marketable investment securities:    
Debt securities:    
Available-for-sale:    
Corporate bonds $319,295
 $411,706
Other debt securities 205,569
 240,888
Total available-for-sale debt securities 524,864
 652,594
Equity securities 77
 241
Total marketable investment securities $524,941
 $652,835


Debt Securities

Our corporate bond portfolio includes debt instruments issued by individual corporations, primarily in the industrial and financial services industries. Our other debt securities portfolio includes investments in various debt instruments, including U.S. government bonds and commercial paper.
 
Available-for-Sale

The following table presents the components of our available-for-sale debt securities:
  Amortized Unrealized Estimated
  Cost Gains Losses Fair Value
As of March 31, 2020        
Corporate bonds $321,466
 $
 $(2,171) $319,295
Other debt securities 205,569
 
 
 205,569
Total available-for-sale debt securities $527,035
 $
 $(2,171) $524,864
         
As of December 31, 2019        
Corporate bonds $411,312
 $395
 $(1) $411,706
Other debt securities 240,887
 1
 
 240,888
Total available-for-sale debt securities $652,199
 $396
 $(1) $652,594


The following table presents the activity on our available-for-sale debt securities:
  For the three months
ended March 31,
  2020 2019
Proceeds from sales $10,000
 $311,823
Gains (losses) on sales, net $
 $385


As of March 31, 2020, we have $491.9 million of available-for-sale debt securities with contractual maturities of one year or less and $33.0 million with contractual maturities greater than one year. 


18

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

Equity Securities
 
The following table presents the activity of our equity securities:
  For the three months
ended March 31,
  2020 2019
Gains (losses) on investments, net $(164) $(732)


For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, we did not have any sales of equity securities.

Fair Value Measurements

The following table presents our marketable investment securities categorized by the fair value hierarchy, certain of which have historically experienced volatility:
  As of
  March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
  Level 1 Level 2 Total Level 1 Level 2 Total
Available-for-sale debt securities:            
Corporate bonds $
 $319,295
 $319,295
 $
 $411,706
 $411,706
Other debt securities 
 205,569
 205,569
 
 240,888
 240,888
Total available-for-sale debt securities 
 524,864
 524,864
 
 652,594
 652,594
Equity securities 77
 
 77
 241
 
 241
Total marketable investment securities $77
 $524,864
 $524,941
 $241
 $652,594
 $652,835


As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, we did not have any investments that were categorized within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy.

NOTE 7.    PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT
 
The following tables presents the components of Property and equipment, net:
  As of
  March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
Property and equipment, net:    
Satellites, net $1,059,542
 $1,127,521
Other property and equipment, net 691,019
 730,060
Total property and equipment, net $1,750,561
 $1,857,581



19

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

Satellites
 
As of March 31, 2020, our operating satellite fleet consisted of 8 satellites, 5 of which are owned and 3 of which are leased. They are all in geosynchronous orbit, approximately 22,300 miles above the equator.

The following table presents our owned and leased satellites:
Satellite Segment Launch Date Nominal Degree Orbital Location (Longitude) Depreciable Life (In Years)
Owned:        
SPACEWAY 3 (1)
 Hughes August 2007 95 W 10
EchoStar XVII Hughes July 2012 107 W 15
EchoStar XIX Hughes December 2016 97.1 W 15
Al Yah 3 (2)
 Hughes January 2018 20 W 7
EchoStar IX (3)
 ESS August 2003 121 W 12
         
Finance leases:        
Eutelsat 65 West A Hughes March 2016 65 W 15
Telesat T19V Hughes July 2018 63 W 15
EchoStar 105/SES-11 ESS October 2017 105 W 15
(1)    Depreciable life represents the remaining useful life as of June 8, 2011, the date EchoStar completed its acquisition of Hughes Communications, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the “Hughes Acquisition”).
(2)    Upon consummation of our joint venture with Yahsat in Brazil in November 2019, we acquired the Brazilian Ka-band payload on this satellite. Depreciable life represents the remaining useful life as of November 2019.
(3)    We own the Ka-band and Ku-band payloads on this satellite.

The following table presents the components of our satellites, net:
  
Depreciable Life
(In Years)
 As of
   March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
Satellites, net:      
Satellites - owned 7 to 15 $1,503,580
 $1,516,006
Satellites - acquired under finance leases 15 352,206
 381,162
Total satellites   1,855,786
 1,897,168
Accumulated depreciation:      
Satellites - owned   (739,859) (713,259)
Satellites - acquired under finance leases   (56,385) (56,388)
Total accumulated depreciation   (796,244) (769,647)
Total satellites, net   $1,059,542
 $1,127,521



20

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

The following table presents the depreciation expense and capitalized interest associated with our satellites:
  For the three months
ended March 31,
  2020 2019
Depreciation expense:    
Satellites - owned $27,068
 $27,010
Satellites acquired under finance leases 6,013
 6,490
Total depreciation expense $33,081
 $33,500
     
Capitalized interest $637
 $147


Satellite Commitments
 
As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, our satellite-related obligations were $245.5 million and $256.9 million, respectively. These primarily include payments pursuant to regulatory authorizations, non-lease costs associated with our finance lease satellites, in-orbit incentives relating to certain satellites and commitments for satellite service arrangements.

In certain circumstances, the dates on which we are obligated to pay our contractual obligations could change.

Satellite Anomalies and Impairments
 
We are not aware of any anomalies with respect to our owned or leased satellites or payloads that have had any significant adverse effect on their remaining useful lives, the commercial operation of the satellites or payloads or our operating results or financial position as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

Satellite Insurance

We generally do not carry in-orbit insurance on our satellites or payloads because we have assessed that the cost of insurance is not economical relative to the risk of failures. Therefore, we generally bear the risk of any in-orbit failures. Pursuant to the terms of the agreements governing certain portions of our long-term debt and our joint venture agreements with Yahsat, we are required, subject to certain limitations on coverage, to maintain only for the SPACEWAY 3 satellite, the EchoStar XVII satellite and the Al Yah 3 Brazilian payload, insurance or other contractual arrangements during the commercial in-orbit service of such satellite or payload. Our other satellites and payloads, either in orbit or under construction, are not covered by launch or in-orbit insurance or other contractual arrangements. We will continue to assess circumstances going forward and make insurance-related decisions on a case-by-case basis.

Fair Value of In-Orbit Incentives

As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the fair values of our in-orbit incentive obligations from our continuing operations, based on measurements categorized within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy, approximated their carrying amounts of $56.2 million and $57.0 million, respectively.


21

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

NOTE 8.    REGULATORY AUTHORIZATIONS

The following table presents the components of our Regulatory authorizations, net:
  Finite lived    
  Cost Accumulated Amortization Total Indefinite lived Total
Balance, December 31, 2018 $
 $
 $
 $400,043
 $400,043
Balance, March 31, 2019 $
 $
 $
 $400,043
 $400,043
           
Balance, December 31, 2019 $12,524
 $(161) $12,363
 $400,000
 $412,363
Amortization expense 
 (100) (100) 
 (100)
Foreign currency translation (1,020) 
 (1,020) 
 (1,020)
Balance, March 31, 2020 $11,504
 $(261) $11,243
 $400,000
 $411,243
           
Weighted average useful life   14 years      


Finite Lived Assets

In November 2019, we were granted an S-Band spectrum license for terrestrial rights in Mexico for $7.9 million. The acquired asset is subject to amortization over a period of 15 years.

In November 2019, we also acquired Ka-band spectrum rights for $4.5 million, upon consummation of the Yahsat Brazil JV Transaction, which are subject to amortization over a period of 11 years.

NOTE 9.    OTHER INVESTMENTS

The following table presents the components of Other investments, net:
  As of
  March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
Other investments, net:  
  
Equity method investments $101,601
 $102,689
Other equity investments 7,351
 7,351
Total other investments, net $108,952
 $110,040


Equity Method Investments

Deluxe/EchoStar LLC
 
We own 50% of Deluxe/EchoStar LLC (“Deluxe”), a joint venture that we entered into in 2010 to build an advanced digital cinema satellite distribution network targeting delivery to digitally equipped theaters in the U.S. and Canada. We recognized revenue from Deluxe for transponder services and the sale of broadband equipment of $1.3 million and $0.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.  As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, we had trade accounts receivable from Deluxe of $1.0 million and $0.6 million, respectively.

Broadband Connectivity Solutions (Restricted) Limited

In August 2018, we entered into an agreement with Yahsat to establish a new entity, Broadband Connectivity Solutions (Restricted) Limited (together with its subsidiaries, “BCS”), to provide commercial Ka-band satellite broadband services across Africa, the Middle East and southwest Asia operating over Yahsat’s Al Yah 2 and Al Yah 3 Ka-band satellites. The transaction was consummated in December 2018 when we invested $100.0 million in cash in exchange for a 20%

22

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

interest in BCS. Under the terms of the agreement, we may also acquire, for further cash investments, additional ownership interests in BCS in the future provided certain conditions are met. We supply network operations and management services and equipment to BCS. We recognized revenue from BCS for such services and equipment of $1.7 million and $2.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, we had trade accounts receivable from BCS of $4.5 million and $5.2 million, respectively.

Other Equity Investments

During the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, we did not identify any observable price changes requiring an adjustment to our investments.

NOTE 10.    LONG-TERM DEBT

The following table presents the carrying amounts and fair values of our Long-term debt:
  Effective interest rates As of
   March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
   Carrying
Amount
 Fair
Value
 Carrying
Amount
 Fair
Value
Senior Secured Notes:          
5 1/4% Senior Secured Notes due 2026 5.320% $750,000
 $748,133
 $750,000
 $825,308
Senior Unsecured Notes:          
7 5/8% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2021 8.062% 900,000
 922,527
 900,000
 963,783
6 5/8% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2026 6.688% 750,000
 770,715
 750,000
 833,903
Less: Unamortized debt issuance costs   (9,782) 

 (10,832) 

Total long-term debt   $2,390,218
 $2,441,375
 $2,389,168
 $2,622,994


No amounts on our long-term debt are due during the next twelve months.

NOTE 11.    INCOME TAXES

Our income tax provision for interim periods is determined using an estimate of our annual effective tax rate, adjusted for discrete items, if any, that are taken into account in the relevant period. Each quarter we update our estimate of the annual effective tax rate, and if our estimated tax rate changes, we make a cumulative adjustment.
 
Our interim income tax provision and our interim estimate of our annual effective tax rate are influenced by several factors, including foreign losses and capital gains and losses for which related deferred tax assets are partially offset by a valuation allowance, changes in tax laws and relative changes in unrecognized tax benefits. Additionally, our effective tax rate can be affected by the amount of pre-tax income or loss. For example, the impact of discrete items and non-deductible expenses on our effective tax rate is greater when our pre-tax income or loss is lower.
 
Our income tax provision was $5.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared to $4.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019. Our estimated effective income tax rate was (41.2)% and 94.1% for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The variations in our effective tax rate from the U.S. federal statutory rate for the three months ended March 31, 2020 were primarily due to the increase in our valuation allowance associated with certain foreign losses and the impact of state and local taxes, partially offset by the change in net unrealized losses that are capital in nature, permanent book tax differences and research and experimentation credits. The variations in our effective tax rate from the U.S. federal statutory rate for the three months ended March 31, 2019 were primarily due to the increase in our valuation allowance associated with certain foreign losses and the impact of state and local taxes, partially offset by the change in net unrealized losses that are capital in nature and research and experimentation credits.

The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”) was enacted in March 2020. The CARES Act features significant tax provisions and other measures to assist individuals and businesses impacted by the

23

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, including a five-year carryback of net operating losses, relaxation of Section 163(j) interest deduction limitations, acceleration of Alternative Minimum Tax refunds, relief for payroll tax and tax credits for employers who retain employees. These provisions did not affect our income tax provision for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

NOTE 12.    CONTINGENCIES

Patents and Intellectual Property

Many entities, including some of our competitors, have or may have in the future patents and other intellectual property rights that cover or affect products or services directly or indirectly related to those that we offer. We may not be aware of all patents and other intellectual property rights that our products and services may potentially infringe. Damages in patent infringement cases can be substantial, and in certain circumstances can be tripled. Further, we cannot estimate the extent to which we may be required in the future to obtain licenses with respect to intellectual property rights held by others and the availability and cost of any such licenses. Various parties have asserted patent and other intellectual property rights with respect to our products and services. We cannot be certain that these parties do not own the rights they claim, that these rights are not valid or that our products and services do not infringe on these rights. Further, we cannot be certain that we would be able to obtain licenses from these parties on commercially reasonable terms or, if we were unable to obtain such licenses, that we would be able to redesign our products and services to avoid infringement.
 
Certain Arrangements with DISH Network
 
In connection with EchoStar’s spin-off from DISH in 2008 (the “Spin-off”), EchoStar entered into a separation agreement with DISH Network that provides, among other things, for the division of certain liabilities, including liabilities resulting from litigation. Under the terms of the separation agreement, EchoStar assumed certain liabilities that relate to its and our business, including certain designated liabilities for acts or omissions that occurred prior to the Spin-off. Certain specific provisions govern intellectual property related claims under which EchoStar will generally only be liable for its and its subsidiaries’ acts or omissions following the Spin-off and DISH Network will indemnify EchoStar for any liabilities or damages resulting from intellectual property claims relating to the period prior to the Spin-off as well as DISH Network’s acts or omissions following the Spin-off. In connection with the Share Exchange and the BSS Transaction, EchoStar and certain of its and our subsidiaries entered into the Share Exchange Agreement and the Master Transaction Agreement, respectively, and other agreements which provide, among other things, for the division of certain liabilities, including liabilities relating to taxes, intellectual property and employees and liabilities resulting from litigation and the assumption of certain liabilities that relate to the transferred businesses and assets. These agreements also contain additional indemnification provisions between EchoStar and us and DISH Network for, in the case of the Share Exchange, certain pre-existing liabilities and legal proceedings and, in the case of the BSS Transaction, certain losses with respect to breaches of certain representations and covenants and certain liabilities.

Litigation

We are involved in a number of legal proceedings against us concerning matters arising in connection with the conduct of our business activities. Many of these proceedings are at preliminary stages and/or seek an indeterminate amount of damages. We regularly evaluate the status of the legal proceedings in which we are involved to assess whether a loss is probable and to determine if accruals are appropriate. We record an accrual for litigation and other loss contingencies when we determine that a loss is probable and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. If accruals are not appropriate, we further evaluate each legal proceeding to assess whether an estimate of possible loss or range of loss can be made. There can be no assurance that legal proceedings against us will be resolved in amounts that will not differ from the amounts of our recorded accruals. Legal fees and other costs of defending legal proceedings are charged to expense as incurred.

For certain proceedings, management is unable to predict with any degree of certainty the outcome or provide a meaningful estimate of the possible loss or range of possible loss because, among other reasons: (i) the proceedings are in various stages; (ii) damages have not been sought or specified; (iii) damages are unsupported, indeterminate and/or exaggerated in management’s opinion; (iv) there is uncertainty as to the outcome of pending trials, appeals, motions or other proceedings; (v) there are significant factual issues to be resolved; and/or (vi) there are novel legal

24

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

issues or unsettled legal theories to be presented or a large number of parties are involved (as with many patent-related cases). Except as described below, however, management does not believe, based on currently available information, that the outcomes of these proceedings will have a material effect on our financial condition, operating results or cash flows, though there is no assurance that the resolution and outcomes of these proceedings, individually or in the aggregate, will not be material to our financial condition, operating results or cash flows for any particular period, depending, in part, upon the operating results for such period.
 
We intend to vigorously defend the proceedings against us. In the event that a court, tribunal, other body or jury ultimately rules against us, we may be subject to adverse consequences, including, without limitation, substantial damages, which may include treble damages, fines, penalties, compensatory damages and/or other equitable or injunctive relief that could require us to materially modify our business operations or certain products or services that we offer to our consumers.

Elbit

On January 23, 2015, Elbit Systems Land and C4I LTD and Elbit Systems of America Ltd. (together referred to as “Elbit”) filed a complaint against our subsidiary Hughes Network Systems, L.L.C. (“HNS”), as well as against Black Elk Energy Offshore Operations, LLC, Bluetide Communications, Inc. and Helm Hotels Group, in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Texas, alleging infringement of U.S. Patent Nos. 6,240,073 (the “073 patent”) and 7,245,874 (“874 patent”). In December 2019, we entered into a comprehensive settlement agreement with Elbit pursuant to which we paid a total of $33.0 million in satisfaction of all amounts relating to these matters and all open proceedings, including appeals, were dismissed with prejudice.

Shareholder Litigation

On July 2, 2019, the City of Hallandale Beach Police Officers’ and Firefighters’ Personnel Retirement Trust, purporting to sue on behalf of a class of EchoStar’s stockholders, filed a complaint in the District Court of Clark County, Nevada against EchoStar’s directors, Charles W. Ergen, R. Stanton Dodge, Anthony M. Federico, Pradman P. Kaul, C. Michael Schroeder, Jeffrey R. Tarr, William D. Wade, and Michael T. Dugan; our and EchoStar’s officer, David J. Rayner; EchoStar; Hughes Satellite Systems Corporation; our former subsidiary BSS Corp.; and DISH and its subsidiary Merger Sub. On September 5, 2019, the defendants filed motions to dismiss. On October 11, 2019, the plaintiffs filed an amended complaint removing Messrs. Dodge, Federico, Kaul, Schroeder, Tarr and Wade as defendants. The amended complaint alleges that Mr. Ergen, as EchoStar’s controlling stockholder, breached fiduciary duties to EchoStar’s minority stockholders by structuring the BSS Transaction with inadequate consideration and improperly influencing EchoStar’s and Hughes Satellite Systems Corporation’s boards of directors to approve the BSS Transaction. The amended complaint also alleges that the other defendants aided and abetted such alleged breaches. The plaintiffs seek equitable and monetary relief, including the issuance of additional DISH Common Stock, and other costs and disbursements, including attorneys’ fees on behalf of the purported class. On November 11, 2019, we and the other defendants filed separate motions to dismiss plaintiff’s amended complaint and during a hearing on January 13, 2020 the court denied these motions. On February 10, 2020, we and the other defendants filed answers to the amended complaint. We intend to vigorously defend this case. We cannot predict its outcome with any degree of certainty.

License Fee Dispute with Government of India, Department of Telecommunications

In 1994, the Government of India promulgated a “National Telecommunications Policy” under which the government liberalized the telecommunications sector and required telecommunications service providers to pay fixed license fees. Pursuant to this policy, our subsidiary Hughes Communications India Private Limited (“HCIPL”), formerly known as Hughes Escorts Communications Limited, obtained a license to operate a data network over satellite using VSAT systems. In 1999, HCIPL’s license was amended pursuant to a new government policy that eliminated the fixed license fees and instead required each telecommunications service provider to pay license fees based on its adjusted gross revenue (“AGR”). In March 2005, the Indian Department of Telecommunications (“DOT”) notified HCIPL that, based on its review of HCIPL’s audited accounts and AGR statements, HCIPL must pay additional license fees, interest on such fees and penalties and interest on the penalties. HCIPL responded that the DOT had improperly calculated its AGR by including revenue from licensed and unlicensed activities. The DOT rejected this explanation and in 2006, HCIPL filed a petition with an administrative tribunal (the “Tribunal”), challenging the DOT’s calculation of its AGR. The DOT also issued license fee assessments to other telecommunications service providers and a number of similar

25

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

petitions were filed by several other such providers with the Tribunal. These petitions were amended, consolidated, remanded and re-appealed several times. On April 23, 2015, the Tribunal issued a judgment affirming the DOT’s calculation of AGR for the telecommunications service providers but reversing the DOT’s imposition of interest, penalties and interest on such penalties as excessive. Over subsequent years, the DOT and HCIPL and other telecommunications service providers, respectively, filed several appeals of the Tribunal’s ruling. On October 24, 2019, the Supreme Court of India (“Supreme Court”) issued an order (the “Order”) affirming the license fee assessments imposed by the DOT, including its imposition of interest, penalties and interest on the penalties, but without indicating the amount HCPIL is required to pay the DOT, and ordering payment by January 23, 2020. On November 23, 2019, HCIPL and other telecommunication service providers filed a petition asking the Supreme Court to reconsider its decision. The petition was denied on January 20, 2020. On January 22, 2020, HCIPL and other telecommunication service providers filed an application requesting that the Supreme Court modify the Order to permit the DOT to calculate the final amount due and extend HCPIL’s and the other telecommunication service providers’ payment deadline. On February 14, 2020, the Supreme Court denied this application and directed us and the other telecommunication service providers to explain why the Supreme Court should not initiate contempt proceedings for failure to pay the amounts due. During a hearing on March 18, 2020, the Supreme Court ordered that all amounts that were due before the Supreme Court in October 2019 must be paid, including interest, penalties and interest on the penalties. The Supreme Court also ordered that the parties appear for a further hearing addressing, potentially among other things, a proposal by the DOT to allow for extended or deferred payments of amounts due. This hearing was postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic and not yet rescheduled. To date, the DOT has issued HCIPL written assessments totaling $28.4 million, comprised of $4.0 million for additional license fees, $4.1 million for penalties and $20.3 million for interest and interest on penalties. In the first quarter of 2020, HCIPL paid the DOT $2.9 million with respect to this matter. As a result of the Supreme Court’s orders in this matter, HCIPL’s payments to date and the impact of foreign exchange rates, and using the DOT’s methodology as reflected in the assessments HCIPL has received as of the date of the Order, we have recorded an accrual of $77.1 million as of March 31, 2020, comprised of $3.8 million for additional license fees, $3.9 million for penalties and $69.4 million for interest and interest on penalties. We had recorded an accrual of $80.2 million as of December 31, 2019. Any eventual payments made with respect to the ultimate outcome of this matter may be different from our accrual and such differences could be significant.

Other

In addition to the above actions, we are subject to various other legal proceedings and claims, which arise in the ordinary course of business. As part of our ongoing operations, we are subject to various inspections, audits, inquiries, investigations and similar actions by third parties, as well as by governmental/regulatory authorities responsible for enforcing the laws and regulations to which we may be subject. Further, under the federal False Claims Act, private parties have the right to bring qui tam, or “whistleblower,” suits against companies that submit false claims for payments to, or improperly retain overpayments from, the federal government. Some states have adopted similar state whistleblower and false claims provisions. In addition, we from time to time receive inquiries from federal, state and foreign agencies regarding compliance with various laws and regulations.

In our opinion, the amount of ultimate liability with respect to any of these other actions is unlikely to materially affect our financial position, results of operations or cash flows, though the resolutions and outcomes, individually or in the aggregate, could be material to our financial position, operating results or cash flows for any particular period, depending, in part, upon the operating results for such period.

We also indemnify our directors, officers and employees for certain liabilities that might arise from the performance of their responsibilities for us. Additionally, in the normal course of its business, we enter into contracts pursuant to which we may make a variety of representations and warranties and indemnify the counterparty for certain losses. Our possible exposure under these arrangements cannot be reasonably estimated as this involves the resolution of claims made, or future claims that may be made, against us or our officers, directors or employees, the outcomes of which are unknown and not currently predictable or estimable.


26

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

NOTE 13.    SEGMENT REPORTING
 
Business segments are components of an enterprise for which separate financial information is available and regularly evaluated by our chief operating decision maker (“CODM”), who is our Chief Executive Officer. We operate in 2 business segments, Hughes and ESS, as described in Note 1. Organization and Business Activities.

The primary measure of segment profitability that is reported regularly to our CODM is earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, net income (loss) from discontinued operations and net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests (“EBITDA”).

Total assets by segment have not been reported herein because the information is not provided to our CODM on a regular basis.

The following table presents revenue, EBITDA and capital expenditures for each of our business segments. Capital expenditures are net of refunds and other receipts related to our property and equipment.
  Hughes ESS Corporate and Other Consolidated
Total
For the three months ended March 31, 2020        
External revenue $458,482
 $4,367
 $4,698
 $467,547
Intersegment revenue 
 285
 (285) 
Total revenue $458,482
 $4,652
 $4,413
 $467,547
         
EBITDA $154,641
 $2,030
 $(6,646) $150,025
Capital expenditures $91,517
 $
 $
 $91,517
         
For the three months ended March 31, 2019        
External revenue $445,337
 $3,852
 $6,010
 $455,199
Intersegment revenue 
 181
 (181) 
Total revenue $445,337
 $4,033
 $5,829
 $455,199
         
EBITDA $161,132
 $1,729
 $(6,158) $156,703
Capital expenditures $73,821
 $
 $
 $73,821


The following table reconciles Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations to EBITDA:
  For the three months
ended March 31,
  2020 2019
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes $(12,682) $5,180
Interest income, net (8,892) (17,997)
Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized 42,192
 57,915
Depreciation and amortization 125,965
 112,411
Net loss (income) attributable to non-controlling interests 3,442
 (806)
EBITDA $150,025
 $156,703



27

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

NOTE 14.    RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS - ECHOSTAR

The following is a summary of the transactions and the terms of the underlying principal agreements that have had or may have an impact on our consolidated financial condition and results of operations.

Services and Other Revenue - EchoStar

The following table presents our Services and other revenue from EchoStar:
  For the three months
ended March 31,
  2020 2019
Services and other revenue - EchoStar $4,699
 $4,474

The following table presents the corresponding related party receivables:
  As of
  March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
Related party receivables - EchoStar - current $131,948
 $131,892
Related party receivables - EchoStar - non-current 19,412
 19,759
Total related party receivables - EchoStar $151,360
 $151,651


Receivables. EchoStar and its other subsidiaries reimburse us from time to time for amounts paid by us for costs and expenses attributable to EchoStar and its other subsidiaries. We report receivables under these arrangements within Related party receivables - EchoStar - current.  No repayment schedule for these receivables has been determined.

EchoStar Mobile Limited Service Agreements. We provide services and lease equipment to support the business of EchoStar Mobile Limited, a subsidiary of EchoStar that is licensed by the European Union and its member states (“EU”) to provide mobile satellite services and complementary ground component services covering the entire EU using S-band spectrum. Generally, the amounts EchoStar’s other subsidiaries pay for these services are based on cost plus a fixed margin. We recorded the revenue related to these services within Services and other revenue - EchoStar of $4.7 million and $5.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Additionally, we have converted the receivables for certain of these services into loans, bearing an annual interest rate of 5%, that mature in 2023. We report these loans within Related party receivables - EchoStar - non-current.


28

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

Operating Expenses - EchoStar

The following table presents our operating expenses related to EchoStar:
  For the three months
ended March 31,
  2020 2019
Operating expenses - EchoStar $12,642
 $13,306

The following table presents the corresponding related party payables:
  As of
  March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
Related party payables - EchoStar - current $13,793
 $11,132
Related party payables - EchoStar - non-current 23,748
 23,980
Total related party payables - EchoStar $37,541
 $35,112


Payables. We reimburse EchoStar and its other subsidiaries from time to time for amounts paid by EchoStar and its other subsidiaries for costs and expenses attributable to us. We report payables under these arrangements within Related party payables - EchoStar - current.  No repayment schedule for these payables has been determined.

Shared Corporate Services. We and EchoStar, including EchoStar’s other subsidiaries, have agreed that we shall each have the right, but not the obligation, to receive from the other certain shared corporate services, including among other things: treasury, tax, accounting and reporting, risk management, cybersecurity, legal, internal audit, human resources, and information technology.  These shared corporate services are generally provided at cost.  Effective March 2017, and as a result of the Share Exchange, we implemented a new methodology for determining the cost of these shared corporate services. We and EchoStar, including EchoStar’s other subsidiaries, may each terminate a particular shared corporate service for any reason upon at least 30 days’ notice.  We recorded these expenses within Operating expenses - EchoStar for shared corporate services received from EchoStar and its other subsidiaries of $4.4 million and $2.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

Real Estate. We occupy certain office space in buildings owned or leased by EchoStar and its other subsidiaries and pay a portion of the taxes, insurance, utilities and maintenance of the premises in accordance with the percentage of the space we occupy.

Cash Advances. EchoStar and certain of its other subsidiaries have also provided cash advances to certain of our foreign subsidiaries to fund certain expenditures pursuant to loan agreements that mature in 2021 and 2022. Advances under these agreements bear interest at annual rates ranging from one to three percent, subject to periodic adjustment based on the one-year U.S. LIBOR rate. We report amounts payable under these agreements within Related party payables - EchoStar - non-current.

Construction Management Services for EchoStar XXIV Satellite. In August 2017, a subsidiary of EchoStar entered into a contract with Space Systems Loral, LLC for the design and construction of the EchoStar XXIV satellite, a new, next-generation, high throughput geostationary satellite. We provide construction management services to EchoStar’s subsidiary for the construction of the EchoStar XXIV satellite. We charged EchoStar’s subsidiary and reduced our operating expenses by the costs of such services of $0.3 million and $0.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.


29

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

Other Agreements

BSS Transaction. Pursuant to the pre-closing restructuring contemplated by the Master Transaction Agreement, and as part of the BSS Transaction, we and our subsidiaries transferred certain of the BSS Business to BSS Corp., and we distributed all of the shares of BSS Corp. to EchoStar as a dividend.  See Note 1. Organization and Business Activities for further information.

Share Exchange Agreement. Prior to consummation of the Share Exchange, EchoStar was required to complete steps necessary for the transferring of certain assets and liabilities to DISH and certain of its subsidiaries. As part of these steps, subsidiaries of EchoStar that, prior to the consummation of the Share Exchange, owned EchoStar’s business of providing online video delivery and satellite video delivery for broadcasters and pay-TV operators, including satellite uplinking/downlinking, transmission services, signal processing, conditional access management and other services and related assets and liabilities were contributed to one of our subsidiaries in consideration for additional shares of HSSC’s common stock that were then issued to a subsidiary of EchoStar.

NOTE 15.    RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS - DISH NETWORK
 
Overview

EchoStar and DISH have operated as separate publicly-traded companies since 2008. A substantial majority of the voting power of the shares of each of EchoStar and DISH is owned beneficially by Charles W. Ergen, our Chairman, and by certain entities established for the benefit of his family. In addition, prior to March 2017, DISH Network owned the Tracking Stock, which in the aggregate represented an 80% economic interest in the residential retail satellite broadband business of our Hughes segment. The Tracking Stock was retired in March 2017.

In connection with and following the Spin-off, the Share Exchange and the BSS Transaction, EchoStar, we and certain other of EchoStar’s subsidiaries and DISH Network entered into certain agreements pursuant to which we, EchoStar and certain of its other subsidiaries, on the one hand, obtain certain products, services and rights from DISH Network, on the other hand; DISH Network, on the one hand, obtains certain products, services and rights from us, EchoStar and certain of its other subsidiaries, on the other hand; and such entities indemnify each other against certain liabilities arising from their respective businesses. Generally, the amounts we and/or EchoStar and its other subsidiaries or DISH Network pay for products and services provided under the agreements are based on cost plus a fixed margin (unless noted differently below), which varies depending on the nature of the products and services provided. We and/or EchoStar and its other subsidiaries may also enter into additional agreements with DISH Network in the future.

The following is a summary of the transactions and the terms of the underlying principal agreements that have had or may have an impact on our consolidated financial condition and results of operations.

Services and Other Revenue — DISH Network

The following table presents our Services and other revenue from DISH Network:
  For the three months ended March 31,
  2020 2019
Services and other revenue - DISH Network $7,587
 $11,545

The following table presents the related trade accounts receivable:
  As of
  March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
Trade accounts receivable - DISH Network $9,955
 $8,876



30

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

Satellite Capacity Leased to DISH Network. We have entered into an agreement and have previously entered into a now terminated agreement to lease satellite capacity pursuant to which we have provided satellite services to DISH Network on certain satellites owned or leased by us. The fees for the services provided under these agreements depend upon, among other things, the orbital location of the applicable satellite, the number of transponders that are providing services on the applicable satellite and the length of the service arrangements. The terms of these agreements are set forth below:
 
EchoStar IX — Effective January 2008, DISH Network began leasing satellite capacity from us on the EchoStar IX satellite. Subject to availability, DISH Network generally has the right to continue leasing satellite capacity from us on the EchoStar IX satellite on a month-to-month basis.
  
103 Degree Orbital Location/SES-3 — In May 2012, we entered into a spectrum development agreement (the “103 Spectrum Development Agreement”) with Ciel Satellite Holdings Inc. (“Ciel”) to develop certain spectrum rights at the 103 degree west longitude orbital location (the “103 Spectrum Rights”). In June 2013, we and DISH Network entered into a spectrum development agreement (the “DISH 103 Spectrum Development Agreement”) pursuant to which DISH Network may use and develop the 103 Spectrum Rights. Effective in March 2018, DISH Network exercised its right to terminate the DISH 103 Spectrum Development Agreement and we exercised our right to terminate the 103 Spectrum Development Agreement.

In connection with the 103 Spectrum Development Agreement, in May 2012, we also entered into a ten-year agreement with Ciel pursuant to which we leased certain satellite capacity from Ciel on the SES-3 satellite at the 103 degree west longitude orbital location (the “Ciel 103 Agreement”). In June 2013, we and DISH Network entered into an agreement pursuant to which DISH Network leased certain satellite capacity from us on the SES-3 satellite (the “DISH 103 Agreement”). Under the terms of the DISH 103 Agreement, DISH Network made certain monthly payments to us through the service term. Effective in March 2018, DISH Network exercised its right to terminate the DISH 103 Agreement and we exercised our right to terminate the Ciel 103 Agreement.

TerreStar Agreement. In March 2012, DISH Network completed its acquisition of substantially all the assets of TerreStar Networks Inc. (“TerreStar”). Prior to DISH Network’s acquisition of substantially all the assets of TerreStar and EchoStar’s completion of the Hughes Acquisition, TerreStar and HNS entered into various agreements pursuant to which we provide, among other things, warranty, operations and maintenance and hosting services for TerreStar’s ground-based communications equipment (the “TerreStar Agreements”). In December 2017, we and DISH Network amended these agreements, effective as of January 1, 2018, to reduce certain pricing terms through December 31, 2023 and to modify certain termination provisions. DISH Network generally has the right to continue to receive warranty services from us for our products on a month-to-month basis unless terminated by DISH Network upon at least 21 days’ written notice to us. DISH Network generally has the right to continue to receive operations and maintenance services from us on a quarter-to-quarter basis unless operations and maintenance services are terminated by DISH Network upon at least 90 days’ written notice to us. The provision of hosting services will continue until May 2022. In addition, DISH Network generally may terminate any and all services for convenience subject to providing us with prior notice and/or payment of termination charges. In March 2020, we entered into an agreement with DISH Network pursuant to which we perform certain work and provide certain credits to amounts owed to us under the TerreStar Agreements in exchange for DISH Network’s granting us rights to use certain satellite capacity under the Amended and Restated Professional Services Agreement (as defined below).

Hughes Broadband Distribution Agreement. Effective October 2012, we and DISH Network, entered into a distribution agreement (the “Distribution Agreement”) pursuant to which DISH Network has the right, but not the obligation, to market, sell and distribute our HughesNet service. DISH Network pays us a monthly per subscriber wholesale service fee for the HughesNet service based upon a subscriber’s service level and based upon certain volume subscription thresholds. The Distribution Agreement also provides that DISH Network has the right, but not the obligation, to purchase certain broadband equipment from us to support the sale of the HughesNet service. The Distribution Agreement had an initial term of five years with automatic renewal for successive one year terms unless terminated by either party with a written notice at least 180 days’ before the expiration of the then-current term. In February 2014, we and DISH Network entered into an amendment to the Distribution Agreement which, among other things, extended the initial term of the Distribution Agreement until March 2024. Upon expiration or termination of the

31

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

Distribution Agreement, we and DISH Network will continue to provide our HughesNet service to the then-current DISH Network subscribers pursuant to the terms and conditions of the Distribution Agreement.

DBSD North America Agreement. In March 2012, DISH Network completed its acquisition of all of the equity of reorganized DBSD North America, Inc. (“DBSD North America”). Prior to DISH Network’s acquisition of DBSD North America and EchoStar’s completion of the Hughes Acquisition, DBSD North America and HNS entered into various agreements pursuant to which we provide, among other things, warranty, operations and maintenance and hosting services of DBSD North America’s gateway and ground-based communications equipment. In December 2017, we and DBSD North America amended these agreements, effective as of January 1, 2018, to reduce certain pricing terms through December 31, 2023 and to modify certain termination provisions. DBSD North America has the right to continue to receive operations and maintenance services from us on a quarter-to-quarter basis, unless terminated by DBSD North America upon at least 120 days’ written notice to us. In February 2019, we further amended these agreements to provide DBSD North America with the right to continue to receive warranty services from us on a month-to-month basis until December 2023, unless terminated by DBSD North America upon at least 21 days’ written notice to us. The provision of hosting services will continue until February 2022 and will automatically renew for an additional five-year period until February 2027 unless terminated by DBSD North America upon at least 180 days’ written notice to us. In addition, DBSD North America generally may terminate any and all such services for convenience, subject to providing us with prior notice and/or payment of termination charges.

Hughes Equipment and Services Agreement. In February 2019, we and DISH Network entered into an agreement pursuant to which we will sell to DISH Network our HughesNet Service and HughesNet equipment that has been modified to meet DISH Network’s internet-of-things specifications for the transfer of data to DISH Network’s network operations centers. This agreement has an initial term of five years expiring February 2024 with automatic renewal for successive one-year terms unless terminated by DISH Network with at least 180 days‘ written notice to us or by us with at least 365 days’ written notice to DISH Network.

Operating Expenses — DISH Network
 
The following table presents our operating expenses related to DISH Network:
  For the three months ended March 31,
  2020 2019
Operating expenses - DISH Network $1,137
 $714

The following table presents the related trade accounts payable:
  As of
  March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
Trade accounts payable - DISH Network $610
 $502


Amended and Restated Professional Services Agreement. In connection with the Spin-off, EchoStar entered into various agreements with DISH Network including a transition services agreement, satellite procurement agreement and services agreement, all of which expired in January 2010 and were replaced by a professional services agreement (the “Professional Services Agreement”). In January 2010, EchoStar and DISH Network agreed that EchoStar and its subsidiaries shall continue to have the right, but not the obligation, to receive the following services from DISH Network, among others, certain of which were previously provided under a transition services agreement: information technology, travel and event coordination, internal audit, legal, accounting and tax, benefits administration, program acquisition services and other support services. Additionally, EchoStar and DISH Network agreed that DISH Network would continue to have the right, but not the obligation, to engage EchoStar and its subsidiaries to manage the process of procuring new satellite capacity for DISH Network (previously provided under a satellite procurement agreement), receive logistics, procurement and quality assurance services from EchoStar and its subsidiaries (previously provided under a services agreement) and provide other support services. In connection with the consummation of the Share Exchange, EchoStar and DISH amended and restated the Professional Services Agreement (as amended to date, the

32

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

“Amended and Restated Professional Services Agreement”) to provide that EchoStar and its subsidiaries and DISH Network shall have the right to receive additional services that either EchoStar and its subsidiaries or DISH Network may require as a result of the Share Exchange, including access to antennas owned by DISH Network for our use in performing TT&C services and maintenance and support services for our antennas (collectively, the “TT&C Antennas”). In September 2019, in connection with the BSS Transaction, EchoStar and DISH further amended the Amended and Restated Professional Services Agreement to provide that EchoStar and its subsidiaries and DISH Network shall have the right to receive additional services that either EchoStar and its subsidiaries or DISH Network may require as a result of the BSS Transaction and to remove our access to and the maintenance and support services for the TT&C Antennas. A portion of these costs and expenses have been allocated to us in the manner described in Note 14. Related Party Transactions - EchoStar. The term of the Amended and Restated Professional Services Agreement is through January 2021 and renews automatically for successive one-year periods thereafter, unless the agreement is terminated earlier by either party upon at least 60 days’ notice. However, either party may generally terminate the Amended and Restated Professional Services Agreement in part with respect to any particular service it receives for any reason upon at least 30 days’ notice, unless the statement of work for particular services states otherwise. Certain services being provided for under the Amended and Restated Professional Services Agreement may survive the termination of the agreement.

Real Estate Lease from DISH Network. Effective March 2017, we entered into an agreement with DISH Network for certain space at 796 East Utah Valley Drive in American Fork, Utah for a period ending in August 2017. We exercised our option to renew this agreement for a five-year period ending in August 2022. We and DISH Network amended this agreement to, among other things, terminate this agreement in March 2019. The rent on a per square foot basis for the lease was comparable to per square foot rental rates of similar commercial property in the same geographic area at the time of the lease, and we were responsible for our portion of the taxes, insurance, utilities and maintenance of the premises.

Collocation and Antenna Space Agreements. We and DISH Network have entered into an agreement pursuant to which DISH Network provides us with collocation space in El Paso, Texas. This agreement was for an initial period ending in August 2015, and provides us with renewal options for four consecutive years. Effective August 2015, we exercised our first renewal option for a period ending in August 2018 and in April 2018 we exercised our second renewal option for a period ending in August 2021. In connection with the Share Exchange, effective March 2017, we also entered into certain agreements pursuant to which DISH Network provides collocation and antenna space to EchoStar through February 2022 at the following locations: Cheyenne, Wyoming; Gilbert, Arizona; New Braunfels, Texas; Monee, Illinois; Spokane, Washington; and Englewood, Colorado. In October 2019, we provided a termination notice for our New Braunfels, Texas agreement to be effective May 2020. In August 2017, we and DISH Network also entered into certain other agreements pursuant to which DISH Network provides additional collocation and antenna space to us in Monee, Illinois and Spokane, Washington through August 2022. Generally, we may renew our collocation and antenna space agreements for three-year periods by providing DISH Network with prior written notice no more than 120 days but no less than 90 days prior to the end of the then-current term. We may terminate certain of these agreements with 180 days’ prior written notice. The fees for the services provided under these agreements depend on the number of racks located at the location.

In connection with the BSS Transaction, in September 2019, we entered into an agreement pursuant to which DISH Network will provide us with antenna space and power in Cheyenne, Wyoming for a period of five years commencing no later than October 2020, with four three-year renewal terms, with prior written notice no more than 120 days but no less than 90 days prior to the end of the then-current term.

Hughes Broadband Master Services Agreement.  In March 2017, we and DISH Network entered into a master service agreement (the “Hughes Broadband MSA”) pursuant to which DISH Network, among other things: (i) has the right, but not the obligation, to market, promote and solicit orders and upgrades for our HughesNet service and related equipment and other telecommunication services and (ii) installs HughesNet service equipment with respect to activations generated by DISH Network.  Under the Hughes Broadband MSA, we and DISH Network make certain payments to each other relating to sales, upgrades, purchases and installation services. The Hughes Broadband MSA has an initial term of five years through March 2022 with automatic renewal for successive one-year terms. Either party has the ability to terminate the Hughes Broadband MSA, in whole or in part, for any reason upon at least 90 days’ notice to the other party. Upon expiration or termination of the Hughes Broadband MSA, we will continue to provide our HughesNet service to subscribers and make certain payments to DISH Network pursuant to the terms and conditions

33

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

of the Hughes Broadband MSA. We incurred sales incentives and other costs under the Hughes Broadband MSA totaling $4.6 million and $4.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

2019 TT&C Agreement.  In September 2019, in connection with the BSS Transaction, we and a subsidiary of EchoStar entered into an agreement pursuant to which DISH Network provides TT&C services to us and EchoStar and its other subsidiaries for a period ending in September 2021, with the option for a subsidiary of EchoStar to renew for a one-year period upon written notice at least 90 days prior to the initial expiration (the “2019 TT&C Agreement”). The fees for services provided under the 2019 TT&C Agreement are calculated at either: (i) a fixed fee or (ii) cost plus a fixed margin, which will vary depending on the nature of the services provided.  Any party is able to terminate the 2019 TT&C Agreement for any reason upon 12 months’ notice.

Other Receivables - DISH Network

Tax Sharing Agreement. Effective December 2007, EchoStar and DISH Network entered into a tax sharing agreement (the “Tax Sharing Agreement”) in connection with the Spin-off. This agreement governs EchoStar and DISH and their respective subsidiaries’ respective rights, responsibilities and obligations after the Spin-off with respect to taxes for the periods ending on or before the Spin-off. Generally, all pre-Spin-off taxes, including any taxes that are incurred as a result of restructuring activities undertaken to implement the Spin-off, are borne by DISH Network and DISH Network indemnifies EchoStar and its subsidiaries for such taxes. However, DISH Network is not liable for and does not indemnify EchoStar or its subsidiaries for any taxes that are incurred as a result of the Spin-off or certain related transactions failing to qualify as tax-free distributions pursuant to any provision of Section 355 or Section 361 of the Code, because of: (i) a direct or indirect acquisition of any of EchoStar’s stock, stock options or assets; (ii) any action that EchoStar or its subsidiaries take or fail to take or (iii) any action that EchoStar or its subsidiaries take that is inconsistent with the information and representations furnished to the IRS in connection with the request for the private letter ruling, or to counsel in connection with any opinion being delivered by counsel with respect to the Spin-off or certain related transactions. In such case, EchoStar and its subsidiaries will be solely liable for, and will indemnify DISH Network for any resulting taxes, as well as any losses, claims and expenses. The Tax Sharing Agreement will terminate after the later of the full period of all applicable statutes of limitations, including extensions, or once all rights and obligations are fully effectuated or performed.

In light of the Tax Sharing Agreement, among other things, and in connection with EchoStar’s consolidated federal income tax returns for certain tax years prior to and for the year of the Spin-off, in September 2013, EchoStar and DISH Network agreed upon a supplemental allocation of the tax benefits arising from certain tax items resolved in the course of the IRS’s examination of EchoStar’s consolidated tax returns. As a result, DISH Network agreed to pay EchoStar an amount of that includes the federal tax benefit DISH received as a result of our operations.

In August 2018, EchoStar and DISH Network amended the Tax Sharing Agreement and the 2013 agreements (the “Tax Sharing Amendment”). Under the Tax Sharing Amendment, DISH Network is required to compensate EchoStar for certain past and future excess California research and development tax credits generated by EchoStar and its subsidiaries and used by DISH Network.

Other Agreements

Master Transaction Agreement. In May 2019, EchoStar and BSS Corp. entered into the Master Transaction Agreement with DISH and Merger Sub with respect to the BSS Transaction. Pursuant to the terms of the Master Transaction Agreement, on September 10, 2019: (i) EchoStar and its subsidiaries and we and our subsidiaries transferred the BSS Business to BSS Corp.; (ii) we completed the Distribution; and (iii) immediately after the Distribution, (1) BSS Corp. became a wholly-owned subsidiary of DISH such that DISH owns and operates the BSS Business and (2) each issued and outstanding share of BSS Common Stock owned by EchoStar stockholders was converted into the right to receive 0.23523769 shares of DISH Common Stock. Following the consummation of the BSS Transaction, we no longer operate the BSS Business, which was a substantial portion of our ESS segment. The Master Transaction Agreement contained customary representations and warranties by the parties, including EchoStar’s representations relating to the assets, liabilities and financial condition of the BSS Business, and representations by DISH Network relating to its financial condition and liabilities.  EchoStar and DISH Network have agreed to indemnify each other against certain losses with respect to breaches of certain representations and covenants and certain retained and assumed liabilities, respectively.

34

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)


BSS Transaction Intellectual Property and Technology License Agreement. Effective September 2019, in connection with the BSS Transaction, we, EchoStar and DISH Network entered into an intellectual property and technology license agreement (the “BSS IPTLA”) pursuant to which we, EchoStar and its other subsidiaries and DISH Network license to each other certain intellectual property and technology. The BSS IPTLA will continue in perpetuity, unless mutually terminated by the parties. Pursuant to the BSS IPTLA, we, EchoStar and its other subsidiaries granted to DISH Network a license to our and their intellectual property and technology for use by DISH Network, among other things, in connection with its continued operation of the BSS Business acquired pursuant to the BSS Transaction, including a limited license to use the “ESS” and “ECHOSTAR SATELLITE SERVICES” trademarks during a transition period.  EchoStar retains full ownership of the “ESS” and “ECHOSTAR SATELLITE SERVICES” trademarks. In addition, DISH Network granted a license back to us, EchoStar and its other subsidiaries, among other things, for the continued use of all intellectual property and technology that is used in our, EchoStar and its other subsidiaries’ retained businesses but the ownership of which was transferred to DISH Network pursuant to the BSS Transaction.

BSS Transaction Tax Matters Agreement. Effective September 2019, in connection with the BSS Transaction, EchoStar, BSS Corp. and DISH entered into a tax matters agreement. This agreement governs certain rights, responsibilities and obligations of EchoStar and its subsidiaries with respect to taxes of the BSS Business transferred pursuant to the BSS Transaction. Generally, EchoStar is responsible for all tax returns and tax liabilities for the BSS Business for periods prior to the BSS Transaction and DISH is responsible for all tax returns and tax liabilities for the BSS Business from and after the BSS Transaction. Both EchoStar and DISH made certain tax-related representations and are subject to various tax-related covenants after the consummation of the BSS Transaction. Both EchoStar and DISH Network have agreed to indemnify each other for certain losses if there is a breach of any the tax representations or violation of any of the tax covenants in the tax matters agreement and that breach or violation results in the failure of the BSS Transaction being treated as a transaction that is tax-free for EchoStar or its stockholders for U.S. federal income tax purposes. In addition, DISH Network has agreed to indemnify EchoStar if the BSS Business is acquired, either directly or indirectly (e.g., via an acquisition of DISH Network), by one or more persons, where either it took an action, or knowingly facilitated, consented to or assisted with an action by its stockholders, that resulted in the failure of the BSS Transaction being treated as a transaction that is tax-free for EchoStar and its stockholders for U.S. federal income tax purposes. This tax matters agreement supplements the Tax Sharing Agreement outlined above and the Share Exchange Tax Matters Agreement outlined below, both of which continue in full force and effect.

BSS Transaction Employee Matters Agreement . Effective September 2019, in connection with the BSS Transaction, EchoStar and DISH Network entered into an employee matters agreement that addressed the transfer of employees from us to DISH Network, including certain benefit and compensation matters and the allocation of responsibility for employee related liabilities relating to current and past employees of the BSS Business. DISH Network assumed employee-related liabilities relating to the BSS Business as part of the BSS Transaction, except that EchoStar is responsible for certain pre-BSS Transaction compensation and benefits for employees who transferred to DISH Network in connection with the BSS Transaction.

Share Exchange Agreement. In January 2017, EchoStar and certain of its and our subsidiaries entered into the Share Exchange Agreement with DISH and certain of its subsidiaries pursuant to which, in February 2017, EchoStar and certain of its and our subsidiaries received all of the shares of the Tracking Stock in exchange for 100% of the equity interests of certain EchoStar subsidiaries that held substantially all of EchoStar’s EchoStar Technologies businesses and certain other assets. Following consummation of the Share Exchange, EchoStar no longer operates the transferred EchoStar Technologies businesses and the Tracking Stock was retired and is no longer outstanding and all agreements, arrangements and policy statements with respect to such Tracking Stock terminated and are of no further effect. Pursuant to the Share Exchange Agreement, EchoStar transferred certain assets, investments in joint ventures, spectrum licenses and real estate properties and DISH Network assumed certain liabilities relating to the transferred assets and businesses. The Share Exchange Agreement contained customary representations and warranties by the parties, including representations by EchoStar related to the transferred assets, assumed liabilities and the financial condition of the transferred businesses. EchoStar and DISH Network also agreed to customary indemnification provisions whereby each party indemnifies the other against certain losses with respect to breaches of representations, warranties or covenants and certain liabilities and if certain actions undertaken by EchoStar or DISH causes the transaction to be taxable to the other party after closing.


35

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

Share Exchange Intellectual Property and Technology License Agreement. Effective March 2017, in connection with the Share Exchange, EchoStar and one of its other subsidiaries and DISH Network entered into an intellectual property and technology license agreement (“IPTLA”) pursuant to which we, EchoStar and one of its other subsidiaries and DISH Network license to each other certain intellectual property and technology. The IPTLA will continue in perpetuity, unless mutually terminated by the parties. Pursuant to the IPTLA, we, EchoStar and one of its other subsidiaries granted to DISH Network a license to our and their intellectual property and technology for use by DISH Network, among other things, in connection with its continued operation of the businesses acquired pursuant to the Share Exchange, including a limited license to use the “ECHOSTAR” trademark during a transition period.  EchoStar retains full ownership of the “ECHOSTAR” trademark. In addition, DISH Network granted a license back to us, EchoStar and one of its other subsidiaries, among other things, for the continued use of all intellectual property and technology that is used in our, EchoStar and one of its other subsidiaries’ retained businesses but the ownership of which was transferred to DISH Network pursuant to the Share Exchange.

Share Exchange Tax Matters Agreement. Effective March 2017, in connection with the Share Exchange, EchoStar and DISH entered into a tax matters agreement. This agreement governs certain rights, responsibilities and obligations of EchoStar and its subsidiaries with respect to taxes of the transferred businesses pursuant to the Share Exchange. Generally, EchoStar is responsible for all tax returns and tax liabilities for the transferred businesses and assets for periods prior to the Share Exchange and DISH Network is responsible for all tax returns and tax liabilities for the transferred businesses and assets from and after the Share Exchange. Both EchoStar and DISH Network made certain tax-related representations and are subject to various tax-related covenants after the consummation of the Share Exchange. Both EchoStar and DISH Network have agreed to indemnify each other if there is a breach of any such tax representation or violation of any such tax covenant and that breach or violation results in the Share Exchange not qualifying for tax free treatment for the other party. In addition, DISH Network has agreed to indemnify EchoStar if the transferred businesses are acquired, either directly or indirectly (e.g., via an acquisition of DISH Network), by one or more persons and such acquisition results in the Share Exchange not qualifying for tax free treatment. The tax matters agreement supplements the Tax Sharing Agreement outlined above, which continues in full force and effect.

NOTE 16.    RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS - OTHER

Hughes Systique Corporation
 
We contract with Hughes Systique Corporation (“Hughes Systique”) for software development services. In addition to our approximately 43% ownership in Hughes Systique, Mr. Pradman Kaul, the President of our subsidiary Hughes Communications, Inc. and a member of EchoStar’s board of directors, and his brother, who is the Chief Executive Officer and President of Hughes Systique, in the aggregate, own approximately 25%, on an undiluted basis, of Hughes Systique’s outstanding shares as of March 31, 2020. Furthermore, Mr. Pradman Kaul serves on the board of directors of Hughes Systique. Hughes Systique is a variable interest entity and we are considered the primary beneficiary of Hughes Systique due to, among other factors, our ability to direct the activities that most significantly impact the economic performance of Hughes Systique. As a result, we consolidate Hughes Systique’s financial statements in these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

TerreStar Solutions, Inc.

DISH Network owns more than 15% of TerreStar Solutions, Inc. (“TSI”). In May 2018, we and TSI entered into an equipment and services agreement pursuant to which we design, manufacture and install upgraded ground communications network equipment for TSI’s network and provide, among other things, warranty and support services. We recognized revenue of $2.2 million and $5.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, we had trade accounts receivable from TSI of $2.3 million and $2.7 million, respectively.

Global-IP Cayman

In May 2017, we entered into an agreement with Global-IP Cayman (“Global IP”) providing for the sale of certain equipment and services to Global IP. Mr. William David Wade, a member of EchoStar’s board of directors, served as a member of the board of directors of Global IP and as an executive advisor to the Chief Executive Officer of Global IP from September 2017 until April 2019 and from September 2017 until December 2019, respectively. In August 2018,

36

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

we and Global IP amended the agreement to: (i) change certain of the equipment and services to be provided to Global IP, (ii) modify certain payment terms, (iii) provide Global IP an option to use one of our test lab facilities and (iv) effectuate the assignment of the agreement from Global IP to one of its wholly-owned subsidiaries. In February 2019, we terminated the agreement as a result of Global IP’s defaults resulting from its failure to make payments to us as required under the terms of the agreement and we reserved our rights and remedies against Global IP under the agreement. We recognized revenue under this agreement of 0 for each of the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019. As of both March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, we were owed $7.5 million from Global IP.

Maxar Technologies Inc.

Mr. Jeffrey Tarr, who joined EchoStar’s board of directors in March 2019, served as a consultant and advisor to Maxar Technologies Inc. and its subsidiaries (“Maxar Tech”) through May 2019. We previously entered into agreements with Maxar Tech for the manufacture and certain other services of the EchoStar IX satellite, the EchoStar XVII satellite, the EchoStar XIX satellite and the EchoStar XXI satellite and our former EchoStar XI satellite, EchoStar XIV satellite, EchoStar XVI satellite and EchoStar XXIII satellite. Maxar Tech provides us with anomaly support for these satellites once launched pursuant to the terms of the agreements. Maxar Tech also provides a warranty on one of these satellites and may be required to pay us certain amounts should the satellite not operate according to certain performance specifications. Our obligations to pay Maxar Tech under these agreements during the design life of the applicable satellites may be reduced if the applicable satellites do not operate according to certain performance specifications. We incurred aggregate costs payable to Maxar Tech under these agreements of $3.5 million and $4.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. At both March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, we had 0 trade accounts payable to Maxar Tech.

NOTE 17.    SUPPLEMENTAL FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Research and Development

The following table presents the research and development costs incurred in connection with customers’ orders:
  For the three months ended March 31,
  2020 2019
Cost of sales - equipment (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) $6,692
 $5,395
Research and development expenses $6,254
 $6,888



37

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

Cash and Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash

The following table reconciles Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash, as presented in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, to the total of the same as presented in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows:
  For the three months ended March 31,
  2020 2019
Cash and cash equivalents, including restricted amounts, beginning of period:    
Cash and cash equivalents $1,139,435
 $847,823
Restricted cash 887
 796
Total cash and cash equivalents, included restricted amounts, beginning of period $1,140,322
 $848,619
     
Cash and cash equivalents, including restricted amounts, end of period:    
Cash and cash equivalents $1,228,361
 $1,138,711
Restricted cash 1,116
 971
Total cash and cash equivalents, included restricted amounts, end of period $1,229,477
 $1,139,682


Other Current Assets, Net and Other Non-Current Assets, Net

The following table presents the components of Other current assets, net, and Other non-current assets, net:


As of


March 31, 2020
December 31, 2019
Other current assets, net:



Trade accounts receivable - DISH Network
$9,955

$8,876
Inventory
88,302

79,474
Prepaids and deposits
47,055

42,324
Contract acquisition costs, net 14,290
 16,869
Related party receivables - EchoStar
131,948

131,892
Other, net
23,821

22,217
Total other current assets, net
$315,371

$301,652





Other non-current assets, net:



Restricted cash
$1,116

$887
Deferred tax assets, net
7,098

7,215
Capitalized software, net
104,401

101,786
Contract acquisition costs, net
96,107

96,723
Contract fulfillment costs, net
2,782

3,010
Related party receivables - EchoStar
19,412

19,759
Other, net
25,859

22,556
Total other non-current assets, net
$256,775

$251,936



38

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

The following table presents the activity in our allowance for doubtful accounts, which is included within Other, net in each of Other current assets, net and Other non-current assets, net in the table above:
  Balance at
Beginning
of Period
 
Credit Losses (1)
 Deductions Foreign Currency Translation Balance at
End 
of Period
For the three months ended March 31, 2020          
Other current assets, net $
 $1,595
 $
 $
 $1,595
Other non-current assets, net $
 $13,379
 $
 $(358) $13,021
(1) The impact of adopting ASC 326 on January 1, 2020 was a net increase to our allowance for doubtful accounts largely driven by a $13.4 million reclassification from Trade accounts receivables and contracts assets, net.

Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities and Other Non-Current Liabilities

The following table presents the components of Accrued expenses and other current liabilities and Other non-current liabilities:
  As of
  March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities:    
Trade accounts payable - DISH Network $610
 $502
Accrued interest 35,905
 32,184
Accrued compensation 31,707
 42,846
Accrued taxes 7,534
 18,493
Operating lease obligation 13,393
 14,112
Related party payables - EchoStar 13,793
 11,132
Other 128,948
 139,148
Total accrued expenses and other current liabilities $231,890
 $258,417
     
Other non-current liabilities:    
Related party payables - EchoStar $23,748
 $23,980
Other 64,848
 66,500
Total other non-current liabilities $88,596
 $90,480


Inventory

The following table presents the components of inventory:
  As of
  March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
Raw materials $8,399
 $4,240
Work-in-process 9,421
 6,979
Finished goods 70,482
 68,255
Total inventory $88,302
 $79,474



39

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

Supplemental and Non-cash Investing and Financing Activities

The following table presents the supplemental and non-cash investing and financing activities:
  For the three months ended March 31,
  2020 2019
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:    
Cash paid for interest, net of amounts capitalized $49,563
 $54,277
Cash paid for income taxes $716
 $652
     
Non-cash investing and financing activities:    
Increase (decrease) in capital expenditures included in accounts payable, net $(5,359) $(2,163)


NOTE 18.    SUPPLEMENTAL GUARANTOR AND NON-GUARANTOR FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Certain of our wholly-owned subsidiaries (together, the “Guarantor Subsidiaries”) have fully and unconditionally guaranteed, on a joint and several basis, the obligations of our 5 1/4% Senior Secured Notes due August 1, 2026, 7 5/8% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2021 and 6 5/8% Senior Unsecured Notes due August 1, 2026 (collectively, the “Notes”).

The indentures governing the Notes contain restrictive covenants that, among other things, impose limitations on our ability and the ability of certain of our subsidiaries to pay dividends or make distributions, incur additional debt, make certain investments, create liens or enter into sale and leaseback transactions, merge or consolidate with another company, transfer and sell assets, enter into transactions with affiliates or allow to exist certain restrictions on the ability of certain of our subsidiaries to pay dividends, make distributions, make other payments, or transfer assets to us.

In lieu of separate financial statements of the Guarantor Subsidiaries, we have prepared the accompanying condensed consolidating financial information in accordance with Rule 3-10(f) of Regulation S-X. This includes:

the accompanying condensed balance sheet;
the accompanying condensed statement of operations and comprehensive income (loss); and
the accompanying condensed statement of cash flows.

This also includes consolidating financial information as follows:

the Guarantor Subsidiaries on a combined basis;
the non-guarantor subsidiaries of HSSC on a combined basis; and
the eliminations necessary to arrive at the corresponding information of HSSC on a consolidated basis.
This accompanying condensed consolidating financial information should be read in conjunction with these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


40

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheet as of March 31, 2020

  HSSC Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 Eliminations Total
Assets          
Current assets:          
Cash and cash equivalents $1,174,650
 $19,878
 $33,833
 $
 $1,228,361
Marketable investment securities 524,864
 77
 
 
 524,941
Trade accounts receivable and contract assets, net 
 131,579
 56,233
 
 187,812
Other current assets 93,526
 655,191
 109,288
 (542,634) 315,371
Total current assets 1,793,040
 806,725
 199,354
 (542,634) 2,256,485
Non-current assets: 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net 
 1,425,670
 324,891
 
 1,750,561
Operating lease right-of-use assets 
 96,944
 22,767
 
 119,711
Goodwill 
 504,173
 5,142
 
 509,315
Regulatory authorizations, net 
 400,000
 11,243
 
 411,243
Other intangible assets, net 
 25,663
 
 
 25,663
Other investments, net 
 108,952
 
 
 108,952
Investment in subsidiaries 2,823,219
 207,664
 
 (3,030,883) 
Other non-current assets, net 18,179
 288,132
 43,055
 (92,591) 256,775
Total non-current assets 2,841,398
 3,057,198
 407,098
 (3,123,474) 3,182,220
Total assets $4,634,438
 $3,863,923
 $606,452
 $(3,666,108) $5,438,705
Liabilities and Shareholder's Equity          
Current liabilities:          
Trade accounts payable $
 $87,132
 $19,207
 $
 $106,339
Contract liabilities 
 93,741
 5,525
 
 99,266
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities 266,731
 311,723
 196,070
 (542,634) 231,890
Total current liabilities 266,731
 492,596
 220,802
 (542,634) 437,495
Non-current liabilities:          
Long-term debt 2,390,218
 
 
 
 2,390,218
Deferred tax liabilities, net 
 398,786
 
 (17,565) 381,221
Operating lease liabilities 
 86,603
 18,854
 
 105,457
Other non-current liabilities 
 63,401
 100,221
 (75,026) 88,596
Total non-current liabilities 2,390,218
 548,790
 119,075
 (92,591) 2,965,492
Total liabilities 2,656,949
 1,041,386
 339,877
 (635,225) 3,402,987
Shareholder's equity:          
Total Hughes Satellite Systems Corporation shareholder's equity 1,977,489
 2,822,537
 208,346
 (3,030,883) 1,977,489
Non-controlling interests 
 
 58,229
 
 58,229
Total shareholder's equity 1,977,489
 2,822,537
 266,575
 (3,030,883) 2,035,718
Total liabilities and shareholder's equity $4,634,438
 $3,863,923
 $606,452
 $(3,666,108) $5,438,705


 

41

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2019

  HSSC Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 Eliminations Total
Assets          
Current assets:          
Cash and cash equivalents $1,057,903
 $32,338
 $49,194
 $
 $1,139,435
Marketable investment securities 652,594
 241
 
 
 652,835
Trade accounts receivable and contract assets, net 
 129,722
 66,798
 
 196,520
Other current assets 93,536
 602,337
 107,959
 (502,180) 301,652
Total current assets 1,804,033
 764,638
 223,951
 (502,180) 2,290,442
Non-current assets: 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net 
 1,459,151
 398,430
 
 1,857,581
Operating lease right-of-use assets 
 89,106
 24,293
 
 113,399
Goodwill 
 504,173
 2,780
 
 506,953
Regulatory authorizations, net 
 400,000
 12,363
 
 412,363
Other intangible assets, net 
 29,321
 
 
 29,321
Other investments, net 
 110,040
 
 
 110,040
Investment in subsidiaries 2,876,572
 282,163
 
 (3,158,735) 
Other non-current assets, net 10,672
 772,193
 42,557
 (573,486) 251,936
Total non-current assets 2,887,244
 3,646,147
 480,423
 (3,732,221) 3,281,593
Total assets $4,691,277
 $4,410,785
 $704,374
 $(4,234,401) $5,572,035
Liabilities and Shareholder's Equity 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities: 

 

 

 

 

Trade accounts payable $
 $102,744
 $18,808
 $
 $121,552
Contract liabilities 
 96,485
 4,575
 
 101,060
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities 243,694
 314,583
 202,320
 (502,180) 258,417
Total current liabilities 243,694
 513,812
 225,703
 (502,180) 481,029
Non-current liabilities: 

 

 

 

 

Long-term debt 2,389,168
 
 
 
 2,389,168
Deferred tax liabilities, net 
 390,288
 
 (9,972) 380,316
Operating lease liabilities 
 77,366
 19,513
 
 96,879
Other non-current liabilities 
 553,518
 100,476
 (563,514) 90,480
Total non-current liabilities 2,389,168
 1,021,172
 119,989
 (573,486) 2,956,843
Total liabilities 2,632,862
 1,534,984
 345,692
 (1,075,666) 3,437,872
Shareholder's equity: 

 

 

 

 

Total Hughes Satellite Systems Corporation shareholder's equity 2,058,415
 2,875,801
 282,934
 (3,158,735) 2,058,415
Non-controlling interests 
 
 75,748
 
 75,748
Total shareholder's equity 2,058,415
 2,875,801
 358,682
 (3,158,735) 2,134,163
Total liabilities and shareholder's equity $4,691,277
 $4,410,785
 $704,374
 $(4,234,401) $5,572,035

 

42

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

Condensed Consolidating Statement of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss)
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020

  HSSC Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 Eliminations Total
Revenue:          
Services and other revenue $
 $354,399
 $64,928
 $(9,089) $410,238
Equipment revenue 
 65,586
 5,410
 (13,687) 57,309
Total revenue 
 419,985
 70,338
 (22,776) 467,547
Costs and expenses:          
Cost of sales - services and other (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) 
 110,471
 42,063
 (8,649) 143,885
Cost of sales - equipment (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) 
 55,374
 4,221
 (13,687) 45,908
Selling, general and administrative expenses 
 95,818
 20,482
 (440) 115,860
Research and development expenses 
 6,109
 145
 
 6,254
Depreciation and amortization 
 99,359
 26,606
 
 125,965
Total costs and expenses 
 367,131
 93,517
 (22,776) 437,872
Operating income (loss) 
 52,854
 (23,179) 
 29,675
Other income (expense):          
Interest income 7,953
 971
 891
 (923) 8,892
Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized (40,472) (613) (2,030) 923
 (42,192)
Gains (losses) on investments, net 
 (164) 
 
 (164)
Equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated affiliates, net 
 (1,087) 
 
 (1,087)
Equity in earnings (losses) of subsidiaries, net 10,630
 (29,167) 
 18,537
 
Foreign currency transaction gains (losses), net 
 (2) (7,526) 
 (7,528)
Other, net 
 (275) (3) 
 (278)
Total other income (expense), net (21,889) (30,337) (8,668) 18,537
 (42,357)
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes (21,889) 22,517
 (31,847) 18,537
 (12,682)
Income tax benefit (provision), net 7,418
 (11,804) (845) 
 (5,231)
Net income (loss) (14,471) 10,713
 (32,692) 18,537
 (17,913)
Less: Net loss (income) attributable to non-controlling interests 
 
 3,442
 
 3,442
Net income (loss) attributable to Hughes Satellite Systems Corporation $(14,471) $10,713
 $(29,250) $18,537
 $(14,471)
Comprehensive income (loss):          
Net income (loss) $(14,471) $10,713
 $(32,692) $18,537
 $(17,913)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:          
Foreign currency translation adjustments 
 
 (82,836) 
 (82,836)
Unrealized gains (losses) on available-for-sale securities (2,479) 
 
 
 (2,479)
Other 
 
 (405) 
 (405)
Equity in other comprehensive income (loss)
of subsidiaries, net
 (66,918) (66,918) 
 133,836
 
Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax (69,397) (66,918) (83,241) 133,836
 (85,720)
Comprehensive income (loss) (83,868) (56,205) (115,933) 152,373
 (103,633)
Less: Comprehensive loss (income) attributable to non-controlling interests 
 
 19,765
 
 19,765
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Hughes Satellite Systems Corporation $(83,868) $(56,205) $(96,168) $152,373
 $(83,868)
 

43

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

Condensed Consolidating Statement of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss)
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
  HSSC Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 Eliminations Total
Revenue:          
Services and other revenue $
 $352,591
 $59,696
 $(8,802) $403,485
Equipment revenue 
 52,649
 9,415
 (10,350) 51,714
Total revenue 
 405,240
 69,111
 (19,152) 455,199
Costs and expenses:          
Cost of sales - services and other (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) 
 110,862
 39,333
 (8,109) 142,086
Cost of sales - equipment (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) 
 48,499
 6,858
 (10,350) 45,007
Selling, general and administrative expenses 
 86,465
 16,565
 (693) 102,337
Research and development expenses 
 6,743
 145
 
 6,888
Depreciation and amortization 
 96,704
 15,707
 
 112,411
Total costs and expenses 
 349,273
 78,608
 (19,152) 408,729
Operating income (loss) 
 55,967
 (9,497) 
 46,470
Other income (expense):          
Interest income 17,409
 926
 559
 (897) 17,997
Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized (56,361) (1,134) (1,317) 897
 (57,915)
Gains (losses) on investments, net 
 (346) 
 
 (346)
Equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated affiliates, net 
 (1,072) 
 
 (1,072)
Equity in earnings (losses) of subsidiaries, net 52,199
 (8,788) 
 (43,411) 
Foreign currency transaction gains (losses), net 
 (19) 230
 
 211
Other, net 309
 (398) (76) 
 (165)
Total other income (expense), net 13,556
 (10,831) (604) (43,411) (41,290)
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes 13,556
 45,136
 (10,101) (43,411) 5,180
Income tax benefit (provision), net 8,670
 (15,568) 2,026
 
 (4,872)
Net income (loss) from continuing operations 22,226
 29,568
 (8,075) (43,411) 308
Net income (loss) from discontinued operations 
 22,724
 
 
 22,724
Net income (loss) 22,226
 52,292
 (8,075) (43,411) 23,032
Less: Net loss (income) attributable to non-controlling interests 
 
 (806) 
 (806)
Net income (loss) attributable to Hughes Satellite Systems Corporation $22,226
 $52,292
 $(8,881) $(43,411) $22,226
Comprehensive income (loss):          
Net income (loss) $22,226
 $52,292
 $(8,075) $(43,411) $23,032
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:          
Foreign currency translation adjustments 
 
 (838) 
 (838)
Unrealized gains (losses) on available-for-sale securities 2,353
 
 
 
 2,353
Other 
 
 33
 
 33
Equity in other comprehensive income (loss)
of subsidiaries, net
 (805) (805) 
 1,610
 
Amounts reclassified to net income (loss):          
Realized losses (gains) on available-for-sale securities (385) 
 
 
 (385)
Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax 1,163
 (805) (805) 1,610
 1,163
Comprehensive income (loss) 23,389
 51,487
 (8,880) (41,801) 24,195
Less: Comprehensive loss (income) attributable to non-controlling interests 
 
 (806) 
 (806)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Hughes Satellite Systems Corporation $23,389
 $51,487
 $(9,686) $(41,801) $23,389


44

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

Condensed Consolidating Statement of Cash Flows
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020

  HSSC Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 Eliminations Total
Cash flows from operating activities:          
Net income (loss) $(14,471) $10,713
 $(32,692) $18,537
 $(17,913)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash flows from operating activities (22,215) 95,031
 28,858
 (18,537) 83,137
Net cash flows from operating activities (36,686) 105,744
 (3,834) 
 65,224
           
Cash flows from investing activities:          
Purchases of marketable investment securities (365,877) 
 
 
 (365,877)
Sales and maturities of marketable investment securities 490,020
 
 
 
 490,020
Expenditures for property and equipment 
 (61,134) (30,383) 
 (91,517)
Expenditures for externally marketed software 
 (8,638) 
 
 (8,638)
Distributions (contributions) and advances
from (to) subsidiaries, net
 29,290
 (18,939) 
 (10,351) 
Net cash flows from investing activities 153,433
 (88,711) (30,383) (10,351) 23,988
           
Cash flows from financing activities:          
Payment of finance lease obligations 
 
 (215) 
 (215)
Payment of in-orbit incentive obligations 
 (203) 
 
 (203)
Contribution by non-controlling interest holder 
 
 4,000
 
 4,000
Other, net 
 
 979
 
 979
Contributions (distributions) and advances
(to) from parent, net
 
 (29,290) 18,939
 10,351
 
Net cash flows from financing activities 
 (29,493) 23,703
 10,351
 4,561
           
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents 
 
 (4,618) 
 (4,618)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 116,747
 (12,460) (15,132) 
 89,155
Cash and cash equivalents, including restricted amounts, beginning of period 1,057,903
 32,338
 50,081
 
 1,140,322
Cash and cash equivalents, including restricted amounts, end of period $1,174,650
 $19,878
 $34,949
 $
 $1,229,477

 

45

HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)

Condensed Consolidating Statement of Cash Flows
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019

  HSSC Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 Eliminations Total
Cash flows from operating activities:          
Net income (loss) $22,226
 $52,292
 $(8,075) $(43,411) $23,032
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash flows from operating activities (48,467) 163,032
 (10,043) 43,411
 147,933
Net cash flows from operating activities (26,241) 215,324
 (18,118) 
 170,965
           
Cash flows from investing activities:          
Purchases of marketable investment securities (240,188) 
 
 
 (240,188)
Sales and maturities of marketable investment securities 468,748
 (3) 
 
 468,745
Expenditures for property and equipment 
 (54,207) (19,722) 
 (73,929)
Expenditures for externally marketed software 
 (7,600) 
 
 (7,600)
Distributions (contributions) and advances
from (to) subsidiaries, net
 111,020
 (32,949) 
 (78,071) 
Net cash flows from investing activities 339,580
 (94,759) (19,722) (78,071) 147,028
           
Cash flows from financing activities:          
Repurchase of the 2019 Senior Secured Notes (8,046) 
 
 
 (8,046)
Payment of finance lease obligations 
 (9,597) (285) 
 (9,882)
Payment of in-orbit incentive obligations 
 (1,573) 
 
 (1,573)
Purchase of non-controlling interest (7,312) 
 
 
 (7,312)
Contributions (distributions) and advances
(to) from parent, net
 
 (111,020) 32,949
 78,071
 
Net cash flows from financing activities (15,358) (122,190) 32,664
 78,071
 (26,813)
           
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents 
 
 (117) 
 (117)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 297,981
 (1,625) (5,293) 
 291,063
Cash and cash equivalents, including restricted amounts, beginning of period 771,718
 46,353
 30,548
 
 848,619
Cash and cash equivalents, including restricted amounts, end of period $1,069,699
 $44,728
 $25,255
 $
 $1,139,682


46


ITEM 2.    MANAGEMENT’S NARRATIVE ANALYSIS OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
Unless the context indicates otherwise, the terms “we,” “us,” “HSSC,” the “Company” and “our” refer to Hughes Satellite Systems Corporation and its subsidiaries. The following Management’s Narrative Analysis of Results of Operations (“Management’s Narrative Analysis”) should be read in conjunction with our accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto (“Accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements”) in Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (“Form 10-Q”).  This Management’s Narrative Analysis is intended to help provide an understanding of our financial condition, changes in our financial condition and our results of operations.  Many of the statements in this Management’s Narrative Analysis are forward-looking statements that involve assumptions and are subject to risks and uncertainties that are often difficult to predict and beyond our control.  Actual results could differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements.  Refer to the Disclosure Regarding Forward-Looking Statements in this Form 10-Q for further discussion.  For a discussion of additional risks, uncertainties and other factors that could impact our results of operations or financial condition, refer to the Risk Factors in Part II, Item 1A of this Form 10-Q and in Part I, Item 1A of our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K (“Form 10-K”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).  Further, such forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Form 10-Q and we undertake no obligation to update them.
 
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
 
We are a holding company and a subsidiary of EchoStar Corporation (“EchoStar”).  We were formed as a Colorado corporation in March 2011.  We are a global provider of broadband satellite technologies, broadband internet services for consumer customers, which include home and small to medium-sized businesses, and satellite services. We also deliver innovative network technologies, managed services and communications solutions for enterprise customers, which include aeronautical and government enterprises.

In September 2019, pursuant to a master transaction agreement (the “Master Transaction Agreement”) with DISH Network Corporation (“DISH”) and a wholly-owned subsidiary of DISH (“Merger Sub”), (i) EchoStar and its subsidiaries and we and our subsidiaries transferred certain real property and the various businesses, products, licenses, technology, revenues, billings, operating activities, assets and liabilities primarily related to the former portion of our ESS segment that managed, marketed and provided (1) broadcast satellite services primarily to DISH and its subsidiaries (together with DISH, “DISH Network”) and EchoStar’s joint venture Dish Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V. (“Dish Mexico”) and its subsidiaries, and (2) telemetry, tracking and control (“TT&C”) services for satellites owned by DISH Network and a portion of EchoStar’s and our other businesses (collectively, the “BSS Business”) to one of our former subsidiaries, EchoStar BSS Corporation (“BSS Corp.”), (ii) EchoStar distributed to each holder of shares of EchoStar’s Class A or Class B common stock entitled to receive consideration in the transaction an amount of shares of common stock of BSS Corp., par value $0.001 per share (“BSS Common Stock”), equal to one share of BSS Common Stock for each share of EchoStar’s Class A or Class B common stock owned by such EchoStar stockholder (the “Distribution”); and (iii) immediately after the Distribution, (1) Merger Sub merged with and into BSS Corp. (the “Merger”), such that BSS Corp. became a wholly-owned subsidiary of DISH and with DISH then owning and operating the BSS Business, and (2) each issued and outstanding share of BSS Common Stock owned by EchoStar stockholders was converted into the right to receive 0.23523769 shares of DISH Class A common stock, par value $0.001 per share (“DISH Common Stock”) ((i) - (iii) collectively, the “BSS Transaction”).

Following the consummation of the BSS Transaction, we no longer operate the BSS Business, which was a substantial portion of our ESS segment. As a result of the BSS Transaction, the financial results of the BSS Business, except for certain real estate that transferred in the transaction, are presented as discontinued operations and, as such, excluded from continuing operations and segment results for the three months ended March 31, 2019 in our Accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. Refer to Note 4. Discontinued Operations in our Accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 1 of this Form 10-Q.

We currently operate in two business segments: Hughes and ESS. These segments are consistent with the way we make decisions regarding the allocation of resources, as well as how operating results are reviewed by our chief operating decision maker, who is the Company’s Chief Executive Officer.

Our operations also include various corporate departments (primarily Executive, Treasury, Strategic Development, Human Resources, IT, Finance, Accounting, Real Estate and Legal) and other activities that have not been assigned to our business segments such as costs incurred in certain satellite development programs and other business

47



ITEM 2.    MANAGEMENT’S NARRATIVE ANALYSIS OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - CONTINUED

development activities, and gains or losses from certain of our investments. These activities, costs and income, as well as eliminations of intersegment transactions, are accounted for in Corporate and Other.

All amounts presented in this Management’s Discussion and Analysis reference results from continuing operations unless otherwise noted and are expressed in thousands of United States (“U.S.”) dollars, except share and per share amounts and unless otherwise noted.

Highlights from our financial results are as follows:
 
Consolidated Results of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020:
 
Revenue of $467.5 million
Operating income (loss) of $29.7 million
Net income (loss) from continuing operations of $17.9 million
Net income (loss) attributable to HSSC of $14.5 million
Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, net income (loss) from discontinued operations and net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests (“EBITDA”) of $150.0 million (refer to the reconciliation of this non-GAAP measure in Results of Operations)
 
Consolidated Financial Condition as of March 31, 2020:
 
Total assets of $5.4 billion
Total liabilities of $3.4 billion
Total shareholder’s equity of $2.0 billion
Cash, cash equivalents and current marketable investment securities of $1.8 billion

Hughes Segment

Our Hughes segment is a global provider of broadband satellite technologies and broadband internet services to consumer customers and broadband network technologies, managed services, equipment, hardware, satellite services and communications solutions to consumer and enterprise customers. The Hughes segment also designs, provides and installs gateway and terminal equipment to customers for other satellite systems. In addition, our Hughes segment designs, develops, constructs and provides telecommunication networks comprising satellite ground segment systems and terminals to mobile system operators and our enterprise customers.

We incorporate advances in technology to reduce costs and to increase the functionality and reliability of our products and services.  Through advanced and proprietary methodologies, technologies, software and techniques, we continue to improve the efficiency of our networks.  We invest in technologies to enhance our system and network management capabilities, specifically our managed services for enterprises.  We also continue to invest in next generation technologies that can be applied to our future products and services.

We continue to focus our efforts on growing our consumer revenue by maximizing utilization of our existing satellites while planning for new satellites to be launched or acquired. Our consumer revenue growth depends on our success in adding new and retaining existing subscribers in our domestic and international markets across wholesale and retail channels. Service costs related to ongoing support for our direct and indirect customers and partners are typically impacted most significantly by our growth. The growth of our enterprise businesses relies heavily on global economic conditions and the competitive landscape for pricing relative to competitors and alternative technologies. As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, in accordance with orders received from our enterprise customers, we have deferred or canceled the delivery of some products or services and we, thus, may not be able to recognize revenue for such products or services. 

Our Hughes segment currently uses capacity from three of our satellites (the SPACEWAY 3 satellite, the EchoStar XVII satellite and the EchoStar XIX satellite), our Al Yah 3 Brazilian payload and additional satellite capacity acquired

48



ITEM 2.    MANAGEMENT’S NARRATIVE ANALYSIS OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - CONTINUED

from third-party providers to provide services to our customers. Growth of our consumer subscriber base continues to be constrained in areas where we are nearing or have reached maximum capacity.  While these constraints are expected to be resolved when we launch new satellites, we continue to focus on revenue growth in all areas and consumer subscriber growth in the areas where we have available capacity. 

In May 2019, we entered into an agreement with Al Yah Satellite Communications Company PrJSC (“Yahsat”) pursuant to which, in November 2019, Yahsat contributed its satellite communications services business in Brazil to us in exchange for a 20% ownership interest in our existing Brazilian subsidiary that conducts our satellite communications services business in Brazil (the “Yahsat Brazil JV Transaction”). The combined business provides broadband internet services and enterprise solutions in Brazil using the Telesat T19V satellite, the Eutelsat 65W satellite and Yahsat’s Al Yah 3 satellite.  Under the terms of the agreement, Yahsat may also acquire, for further cash investments, additional minority ownership interests in the business in the future provided certain conditions are met. 

In May 2019, we also entered into an agreement with Bharti Airtel Limited (“BAL”) and its subsidiary, Bharti Airtel Services Limited (together with BAL, “Bharti”), pursuant to which Bharti will contribute its very small aperture terminal (“VSAT”) telecommunications services and hardware business in India to our two existing Indian subsidiaries that conduct our VSAT services and hardware business. The combined entities will provide broadband satellite and hybrid solutions for enterprise networks. Upon consummation of the transaction, Bharti will have a 33% ownership interest in the combined business. The completion of the transaction is subject to customary regulatory approvals and closing conditions. No assurance can be given that the transaction will be consummated on the terms agreed to or at all.

In August 2018, we entered into an agreement with Yahsat to establish a new entity, Broadband Connectivity Solutions (Restricted) Limited (together with its subsidiaries, “BCS”), to provide commercial Ka-band satellite broadband services across Africa, the Middle East and southwest Asia operating over Yahsat’s Al Yah 2 and Al Yah 3 Ka-band satellites. The transaction was consummated in December 2018 when we invested $100.0 million in cash in exchange for a 20% interest in BCS. Under the terms of the agreement, we may also acquire, for further cash investments, additional ownership interests in BCS in the future provided certain conditions are met. We supply network operations and management services and equipment to BCS.

In August 2017, a subsidiary of EchoStar entered into a contract for the design and construction of the EchoStar XXIV satellite, a new, next-generation, high throughput geostationary satellite. The EchoStar XXIV satellite is primarily intended to provide additional capacity for our HughesNet satellite internet service (“HughesNet service”) in North, Central and South America as well as enterprise broadband services. In the first quarter of 2020, Space Systems/Loral, LLC (“SS/L”), the manufacturer of our EchoStar XXIV satellite, invoked the “force majeure” clause of our contract and notified us of a possible delay in completion of the satellite due to “shelter-in-place” orders affecting personnel at SS/L and its subcontractors, and other potential impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic.  We currently expect the EchoStar XXIV satellite to be launched no earlier than the second half of 2021. This or other delays or impediments to SS/L’s meeting its obligations as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and various economic and other consequences or otherwise could have a material adverse impact on our business operations, future revenues, financial position and prospects, the completion of manufacture of the EchoStar XXIV satellite and our planned expansion of satellite broadband services throughout North, South and Central America. Capital expenditures associated with the construction and launch of the EchoStar XXIV satellite are included in EchoStar’s Corporate and Other in its segment reporting.

In March 2017, we and DISH Network entered into a master service agreement (the “Hughes Broadband MSA”). Pursuant to the Hughes Broadband MSA, DISH Network, among other things: (i) has the right, but not the obligation, to market, promote and solicit orders and upgrades for our HughesNet service and related equipment and other telecommunication services; and (ii) installs HughesNet service equipment with respect to activations generated by DISH Network.  As a result of the Hughes Broadband MSA, we have not earned, and do not expect to earn in the future, significant equipment revenue from our distribution agreement with DISH Network.

We continue our efforts to expand our consumer satellite services business outside of the U.S. We have been delivering high-speed consumer satellite broadband services in Brazil since July 2016 and are also providing satellite broadband internet service in several other Latin American countries. Additionally, in September 2015, we entered into 15-year agreements with affiliates of Telesat Canada for Ka-band capacity on the Telesat T19V satellite located at the 63 degree west longitude orbital location, which was launched in July 2018. Telesat T19V was placed in service during the fourth

49



ITEM 2.    MANAGEMENT’S NARRATIVE ANALYSIS OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - CONTINUED

quarter of 2018 and augmented the capacity being provided by the EUTELSAT 65 West A satellite and the EchoStar XIX satellite in South America.
 
Our broadband subscribers include customers that subscribe to our HughesNet service in North and Latin America through retail, wholesale and small/medium enterprise service channels. In connection with the COVID-19 pandemic, in March 2020, we voluntarily signed on to the Federal Communications Commissions’ (“FCC”) Keep Americans Connected Pledge (the “Pledge”), promising not to terminate HughesNet service for certain consumer customers for 60 days even if they are unable to pay. We have removed from our subscriber numbers as of March 31, 2020 any subscribers whose HughesNet service would have ordinarily been terminated in the absence of the Pledge. In April 2020, we voluntarily agreed with the FCC’s request to extend the Pledge through June 30, 2020. As a result, we may be required to provide HughesNet service to consumers who do not have the ability to pay for such services.

The following table presents our approximate subscriber numbers:
  As of
  March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
Broadband subscribers 1,516,000
 1,477,000

As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, approximately 267,000 and 238,000 of our subscribers, respectively, were in Latin America.

The following table presents our approximate subscriber net additions:
  For the three months ended
  March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
Net additions 39,000
 20,000

During the first quarter of 2020, our net subscriber additions increased by approximately 19,000 compared to the fourth quarter of 2019, reflecting increased gross subscriber additions compared to the fourth quarter of 2019.

As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, our Hughes segment had $1.2 billion and $1.4 billion of contracted revenue backlog, respectively. We define Hughes contracted revenue backlog as our expected future revenue under enterprise customer contracts that are non-cancelable, including lease revenue. Our contracted revenue backlog as of March 31, 2020 decreased primarily due to the bankruptcy of a certain customer and the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, including lengthened or delayed sales cycles with some of our enterprise customers.

ESS Segment

Our ESS segment provides satellite services on a full-time and/or occasional-use basis to U.S. government service providers, internet service providers, broadcast news organizations, content providers and private enterprise customers. We operate our ESS business using primarily the EchoStar IX satellite and the EchoStar 105/SES-11 satellite and related infrastructure. Revenue in our ESS segment depends largely on our ability to continuously make use of our available satellite capacity with existing customers and our ability to enter into commercial relationships with new customers. Our ESS segment, like others in the fixed satellite services industry, has encountered, and may continue to encounter, negative pressure on transponder rates and demand.

As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, our ESS segment had contracted revenue backlog of $9.5 million and $11.4 million respectively. We define contracted revenue backlog for our ESS segment as contracted future satellite lease revenue.


50



ITEM 2.    MANAGEMENT’S NARRATIVE ANALYSIS OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - CONTINUED

Other Business Opportunities

Our industry continues to evolve with the increasing worldwide demand for broadband internet access for information, entertainment and commerce. The current COVID-19 pandemic has made even more evident the worldwide need and demand for connectivity and communications to facilitate an ever-increasing virtual global community and workplace. In addition to fiber and wireless systems, technologies such as geostationary high throughput satellites, low-earth orbit (“LEO”) networks, medium-earth orbit (“MEO”) systems, balloons and High Altitude Platform Systems are expected to continue to play significant roles in enabling global broadband access, networks and services. We intend to use our expertise, technologies, capital, investments, global presence, relationships and other capabilities to continue to provide broadband internet systems, equipment, networks and services for information, the internet-of-things, entertainment, education, remote-connectivity and commerce across many industries and communities in North America and internationally for consumer and enterprise customers. We are closely tracking the developments in next-generation satellite businesses, and we are seeking to utilize our services, technologies, licenses and expertise to find new commercial opportunities for our business.

We intend to continue to selectively explore opportunities to pursue investments, commercial alliances, partnerships, joint ventures, acquisitions, dispositions and other strategic initiatives and transactions, domestically and internationally, that we believe may allow us to increase our existing market share, increase our satellite capacity, expand into new satellite and other technologies, markets and customers, broaden our portfolio of services, products and intellectual property, make our business more valuable, align us for future growth and expansion, maximize the return on our investments and strengthen our business and relationships with our customers. We may allocate or dispose of significant resources for long-term value that may not have a short or medium-term or any positive impact on our revenue, results of operations, or cash flow.

Cybersecurity

As a global provider of satellite technologies and services, internet services and communications equipment and networks, we may be prone to more targeted and persistent levels of cyber-attacks than other businesses. These risks may be more prevalent as we continue to expand and grow our business into other areas of the world outside of North America, some of which are still developing their cybersecurity infrastructure maturity. Detecting, deterring, preventing and mitigating incidents caused by hackers and other parties may result in significant costs to us and may expose our customers to financial or other harm that have the potential to significantly increase our liability.

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, a large portion of our workforce has been working remotely and is likely to continue to do so for some time.  While we have cybersecurity risk management tools to help protect our technology, information and networks that our employees access remotely, we cannot guarantee the security of the network that they will be using, the security status of the other non-company managed devices that might be on the network to which they are connected or the devices or networks used by third parties with whom our employees conduct business, such as customers, suppliers, vendors and other persons.  Additionally, there has been a major global increase in COVID-19 related cyber-fraud and phishing attacks that continue to target our employees, vendors, suppliers, customers and others. Accordingly, we have increased our efforts and resources relating to cybersecurity as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic

We treat cybersecurity risk seriously and are focused on maintaining the security of our and our partners’ systems, networks, technologies and data. We regularly review and revise our relevant policies and procedures, invest in and maintain internal resources, personnel and systems and review, modify and supplement our defenses through the use of various services, programs and outside vendors. Additionally, we provide resources to assist employees in better securing their home networks and remote connections.  EchoStar also maintains agreements with third party vendors and experts to assist in our remediation and mitigation efforts if we experience or identify a material incident or threat. In addition, senior management and the Audit Committee of EchoStar’s Board of Directors are regularly briefed on cybersecurity matters.

We are not aware of any cyber-incidents with respect to our owned or leased satellites or other networks, equipment or systems that have had a material adverse effect on our business, costs, operations, prospects, results of operation or financial position during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and through May 6, 2020. There can be no

51



ITEM 2.    MANAGEMENT’S NARRATIVE ANALYSIS OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - CONTINUED

assurance, however, that any such incident can be detected or thwarted or will not have such a material adverse effect in the future.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 Compared to the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019

The following table presents our consolidated results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2019:
  For the three months
ended March 31,
 Variance
Statements of Operations Data 2020 2019 Amounts %
Revenue:        
Services and other revenue $410,238
 $403,485
 $6,753
 1.7
Equipment revenue 57,309
 51,714
 5,595
 10.8
Total revenue 467,547
 455,199
 12,348
 2.7
Costs and expenses:        
Cost of sales - services and other 143,885
 142,086
 1,799
 1.3
% of total services and other revenue 35.1% 35.2%    
Cost of sales - equipment 45,908
 45,007
 901
 2.0
% of total equipment revenue 80.1% 87.0%    
Selling, general and administrative expenses 115,860
 102,337
 13,523
 13.2
% of total revenue 24.8% 22.5%    
Research and development expenses 6,254
 6,888
 (634) (9.2)
% of total revenue 1.3% 1.5%    
Depreciation and amortization 125,965
 112,411
 13,554
 12.1
Total costs and expenses 437,872
 408,729
 29,143
 7.1
Operating income (loss) 29,675

46,470

(16,795)
(36.1)
Other income (expense):        
Interest income, net
8,892

17,997

(9,105)
(50.6)
Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized
(42,192)
(57,915)
15,723

27.1
Gains (losses) on investments, net
(164) (346)
182

(52.6)
Equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated affiliates, net (1,087) (1,072) (15) 1.4
Foreign currency transaction gains (losses), net (7,528) 211
 (7,739) *
Other, net
(278)
(165)
(113)
68.5
Total other income (expense), net
(42,357)
(41,290)
(1,067)
2.6
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes
(12,682)
5,180

(17,862)
*
Income tax benefit (provision), net
(5,231)
(4,872)
(359)
7.4
Net income (loss) from continuing operations (17,913) 308
 (18,221) *
Net income (loss) from discontinued operations 
 22,724
 (22,724) (100.0)
Net income (loss)
(17,913) 23,032

(40,945)
*
Less: Net loss (income) attributable to non-controlling interests 3,442
 (806) 4,248
 *
Net income (loss) attributable to Hughes Satellite Systems Corporation $(14,471) $22,226
 $(36,697) *
         
Other data:        
EBITDA (1)
 $150,025
 $156,703
 $(6,678) (4.3)
Subscribers, end of period 1,516,000
 1,332,000
 184,000
 13.8
* Percentage is not meaningful.
(1)A reconciliation of EBITDA to Net income (loss), the most directly comparable generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S. (“U.S. GAAP”) measure in our Accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, is included in Results of Operations. For further information on our use of EBITDA, refer to the Explanation of Key Metrics and Other Items.


52



ITEM 2.    MANAGEMENT’S NARRATIVE ANALYSIS OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - CONTINUED

The following discussion relates to our continuing operations for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 unless otherwise stated.

Services and other revenue.  Services and other revenue totaled $410.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, an increase of $6.8 million, or 1.7%, compared to 2019. The increase was from our Hughes segment and was primarily attributable to increases in sales of broadband services to our consumer customers of $19.5 million, partially offset by a decrease in sales of broadband services to our enterprise customers of $12.6 million. Both of these variances include the negative impact of exchange rate fluctuations.

Equipment revenue. Equipment revenue totaled $57.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, an increase of $5.6 million, or 10.8%, compared to 2019.  The increase was primarily attributable to our Hughes segment due to increases in hardware sales to our enterprise customers.
 
Cost of sales - services and otherCost of sales - services and other totaled $143.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, an increase of $1.8 million, or 1.3%, compared to 2019. The increase was primarily attributable to our Hughes segment due to an increase in the costs of broadband services provided to our consumer customers supporting the increase in number of subscribers and revenue in both the domestic and international markets, partially offset by a decrease in the costs of broadband services provided to our enterprise customers. 

Cost of sales - equipmentCost of sales - equipment totaled $45.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, an increase of $0.9 million, or 2.0%, compared to 2019. The increase was primarily attributable to our Hughes segment due to an increase in hardware sales to our enterprise customers.

Selling, general and administrative expenses.  Selling, general and administrative expenses totaled $115.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, an increase of $13.5 million, or 13.2%, compared to 2019. The increase was primarily attributable to (i) increases in marketing and promotional expenses of $8.3 million from our Hughes segment mainly associated with our consumer business in Latin America, (ii) increases in bad debt expense of $1.9 million and (iii) increases in other general and administrative expenses of $3.0 million.

Depreciation and amortization.  Depreciation and amortization expenses totaled $126.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, an increase of $13.6 million, or 12.1%, compared to 2019.  The increase was primarily from our Hughes segment and due to increases in depreciation expense of $6.4 million relating to our customer premises equipment and $6.1 million relating to the depreciation of assets acquired in the Yahsat Brazil JV Transaction.

Interest income, net.  Interest income, net totaled $8.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, a decrease of $9.1 million, or 50.6%, compared to 2019 primarily attributable to the decrease in our marketable investment securities.
 
Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized.  Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized totaled $42.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, a decrease of $15.7 million, or 27.1%, compared to 2019.  The decrease was primarily due to a decrease of $16.0 million in interest expense and in amortization of deferred financing cost as a result of the repurchase and maturity of our 6 1/2% Senior Secured Notes due 2019.

Foreign currency transaction gains (losses), net. Foreign currency transaction gains (losses), net totaled $7.5 million in losses for the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared to $0.2 million in gains for the three months ended March 31, 2019. The change was due to the net strengthening of the U.S. dollar against certain foreign currencies in 2020 compared to 2019.




53



ITEM 2.    MANAGEMENT’S NARRATIVE ANALYSIS OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - CONTINUED

Net income (loss) attributable to Hughes Satellite Services Corporation.  Net loss attributable to Hughes Satellite Services Corporation totaled $14.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to net income attributable to Hughes Satellite Services Corporation of $22.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019, a decrease of $36.7 million, as set forth in the following table:
  Amounts
Net income (loss) attributable to Hughes Satellite Services Corporation for the three months ended March 31, 2019 $22,226
Decrease (increase) in interest expense, net of amounts capitalized 15,723
Decrease (increase) in net income attributable to non-controlling interests 4,248
Increase (decrease) in gains on investments, net 182
Decrease (increase) in equity in losses of unconsolidated affiliates, net (15)
Increase (decrease) in other, net (113)
Decrease (increase) in income tax provision, net (359)
Increase (decrease) in foreign currency transaction gains, net (7,739)
Increase (decrease) in interest income, net (9,105)
Increase (decrease) in operating income, including depreciation and amortization (16,795)
Increase (decrease) in net income from discontinued operations (22,724)
Net income (loss) attributable to Hughes Satellite Services Corporation for the three months ended March 31, 2020 $(14,471)

EBITDA. EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure and is described under Explanation of Key Metrics and Other Items below.  The following table reconciles Net income (loss), the most directly comparable U.S. GAAP measure in our Accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, to EBITDA:
  For the three months
ended March 31,
 Variance
  2020 2019 Amounts %
Net income (loss) $(17,913) $23,032
 $(40,945) *
Interest income, net (8,892) (17,997) 9,105
 (50.6)
Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized 42,192
 57,915
 (15,723) (27.1)
Income tax provision (benefit), net 5,231
 4,872
 359
 7.4
Depreciation and amortization 125,965
 112,411
 13,554
 12.1
Net loss (income) from discontinued operations 
 (22,724) 22,724
 (100.0)
Net loss (income) attributable to non-controlling interests 3,442
 (806)
4,248

*
EBITDA $150,025
 $156,703
 $(6,678) (4.3)
*    Percentage is not meaningful.


54



ITEM 2.    MANAGEMENT’S NARRATIVE ANALYSIS OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - CONTINUED

EBITDA was $150.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, a decrease of $6.7 million, or 4.3%, compared to 2019 as set forth in the following table:
  Amounts
EBITDA for the three months ended March 31, 2019 $156,703
Decrease (increase) in net income attributable to non-controlling interests 4,248
Increase (decrease) in gains on investments, net 182
Decrease (increase) in equity in losses of unconsolidated affiliates, net (15)
Increase (decrease) in other, net (113)
Increase (decrease) in operating income, excluding depreciation and amortization (3,241)
Increase (decrease) in foreign currency transaction gains, net (7,739)
EBITDA for the three months ended March 31, 2020 $150,025

Segment Operating Results and Capital Expenditures

The following tables present our operating results, capital expenditures and EBITDA by segment for the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2019. Capital expenditures in the table below are net of refunds and other receipts related to our property and equipment.
  Hughes ESS Corporate and Other Consolidated
Total
For the three months ended March 31, 2020        
Total revenue $458,482
 $4,652
 $4,413
 $467,547
Capital expenditures 91,517
 
 
 91,517
EBITDA 154,641
 2,030
 (6,646) 150,025
         
For the three months ended March 31, 2019        
Total revenue $445,337
 $4,033
 $5,829
 $455,199
Capital expenditures 73,821
 
 
 73,821
EBITDA 161,132
 1,729
 (6,158) 156,703

Hughes Segment
  For the three months
ended March 31,
 Variance
  2020 2019 Amounts %
Total revenue $458,482
 $445,337
 $13,145
 3.0
Capital expenditures 91,517
 73,821
 17,696
 24.0
EBITDA 154,641
 161,132
 (6,491) (4.0)

Total revenue was $458.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, an increase of $13.1 million, or 3.0%, compared to 2019.  The increase was primarily due to net increases of $19.5 million in sales of broadband services to our consumer customers and $5.6 million in hardware sales to our enterprise customers, partially offset by a decrease in sales of broadband services to our enterprise customers of $12.6 million. Both of these variances include the negative impact of exchange rate fluctuations.

Capital expenditures were $91.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, an increase of $17.7 million, or 24.0%, compared to 2019, primarily due to net increases in expenditures associated with our consumer business.
 

55



ITEM 2.    MANAGEMENT’S NARRATIVE ANALYSIS OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - CONTINUED

EBITDA was $154.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, a decrease of $6.5 million, or 4.0%, compared to 2019 as set forth in the following table: 
  Amounts
EBITDA for the three months ended March 31, 2019 $161,132
Decrease (increase) in net income attributable to non-controlling interests 4,248
Increase (decrease) in gains on investments, net 568
Increase (decrease) in other, net (191)
Decrease (increase) in equity in losses of unconsolidated affiliates, net (373)
Increase (decrease) in operating income, excluding depreciation and amortization (2,997)
Increase (decrease) in foreign currency transaction gains, net (7,746)
EBITDA for the three months ended March 31, 2020 $154,641

ESS Segment
  For the three months
ended March 31,
 Variance
  2020 2019 Amounts %
Total revenue $4,652
 $4,033
 $619
 15.3
EBITDA 2,030
 1,729
 301
 17.4

Total revenue was $4.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, an increase of $0.6 million or 15.3%, compared to 2019, due to a net increase in transponder services provided to third parties.

EBITDA was $2.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, an increase of $0.3 million, or 17.4%, compared to 2019, primarily due to the increase in revenue.

Corporate and Other
  For the three months
ended March 31,
 Variance
  2020 2019 Amounts %
Total revenue $4,413
 $5,829
 $(1,416) (24.3)
EBITDA (6,646) (6,158) (488) 7.9

Total revenue was $4.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, a decrease of $1.4 million, or 24.3%, compared to 2019 primarily attributable to a decrease in income from certain real estate previously leased to DISH Network and transferred as part of the BSS Transaction.

EBITDA for the three months ended March 31, 2020 was a loss of $6.6 million, an increase in loss of $0.5 million, or 7.9% compared to 2019 as set forth in the following table:
  Amounts
EBITDA for the three months ended March 31, 2019 $(6,158)
Decrease (increase) in equity in losses of unconsolidated affiliates, net 357
Increase (decrease) in other, net 81
Increase (decrease) in foreign currency transaction gains, net 7
Increase (decrease) in gains on investments, net (385)
Increase (decrease) in operating income, excluding depreciation and amortization (548)
EBITDA for the three months ended March 31, 2020 $(6,646)


56



ITEM 2.    MANAGEMENT’S NARRATIVE ANALYSIS OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - CONTINUED

EXPLANATION OF KEY METRICS AND OTHER ITEMS
 
Services and other revenue. Services and other revenue primarily includes the sales of consumer and enterprise broadband services, maintenance and other contracted services, revenue associated with satellite and transponder leases and services, satellite uplinking/downlinking, subscriber wholesale service fees for the HughesNet service professional services and facilities rental revenue.

Equipment revenue. Equipment revenue primarily includes broadband equipment and networks sold to customers in our consumer and enterprise markets.
 
Cost of sales - services and other. Cost of sales - services and other primarily includes the cost of broadband services provided to our consumer and enterprise customers, maintenance and other contracted services, costs associated with satellite and transponder leases and services, professional services and facilities rental.
 
Cost of sales - equipment. Cost of sales - equipment consists primarily of the cost of broadband equipment and networks sold to customers in our consumer and enterprise markets. It also includes certain other costs associated with the deployment of equipment to our customers.

Selling, general and administrative expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses primarily includes selling and marketing costs and employee-related costs associated with administrative services (e.g., human resources and other services and stock-based compensation expense). It also includes professional fees (e.g. legal, information systems and accounting services), other expenses associated with facilities and administrative services and credit losses, which include customer related estimated credit losses and estimated credit losses on non-current receivables.

Research and development expenses. Research and development expenses primarily includes costs associated with the design and development of products to support future growth and provide new technology and innovation to our customers.
 
Interest income, net. Interest income, net primarily includes interest earned on our cash, cash equivalents and marketable investment securities, and other investments including premium amortization and discount accretion on debt securities, offset by estimated credit losses on our other debt investments.
 
Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized. Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized primarily includes interest expense associated with our debt and finance lease obligations (net of capitalized interest), amortization of debt issuance costs and interest expense related to certain legal proceedings.

Gains (losses) on investments, net. Gains (losses) on investments, net primarily includes changes in fair value of our marketable equity securities. It may also include realized gains and losses on the sale or exchange of our available-for-sale debt securities, other-than-temporary impairment losses on our available-for-sale debt securities, realized gains and losses on the sale or exchange of other equity investments and other debt investments without readily determinable fair value, adjustments to the carrying amount of investments in unconsolidated affiliates and marketable equity securities resulting from impairments and observable price changes and estimated credit losses.
 
Equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated affiliates, net. Equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated affiliates, net includes earnings or losses from our investments accounted for using the equity method.

Foreign currency transaction gains (losses), net. Foreign currency transaction gains (losses), net include gains and losses resulting from the re-measurement of transactions denominated in foreign currencies.

Other, net. Other, net primarily includes dividends received from our marketable investment securities and other non-operating income and expense items that are not appropriately classified elsewhere in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations in our Accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

Net income (loss) from discontinued operations. Net income (loss) from discontinued operations includes the financial results of the BSS Business transferred in the BSS Transaction, except for certain real estate that transferred in the transaction.

57



ITEM 2.    MANAGEMENT’S NARRATIVE ANALYSIS OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - CONTINUED


EBITDA. EBITDA is defined as Net income (loss) excluding Interest income, net, Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized, Income tax benefit (provision), net, Depreciation and amortization, Net income (loss) from discontinued operations and Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests. EBITDA is not a measure determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP. This non-GAAP measure is reconciled to Net income (loss) in our discussion of Results of Operations above. EBITDA should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for operating income, net income or any other measure determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP. EBITDA is used by our management as a measure of operating efficiency and overall financial performance for benchmarking against our peers and competitors. Management believes EBITDA provides meaningful supplemental information regarding the underlying operating performance of our business and is appropriate to enhance an overall understanding of our financial performance. Management also believes that EBITDA is useful to investors because it is frequently used by securities analysts, investors and other interested parties to evaluate the performance of companies in our industry.
 
Subscribers. Subscribers include customers that subscribe to our HughesNet service, through retail, wholesale and small/medium enterprise service channels.

ITEM 4.    CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
 
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, we evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”)) as of the end of the period covered by this Form 10-Q. Based upon that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this Form 10-Q such that the information required to be disclosed in our Securities and Exchange Commission reports is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission rules and forms, and is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
 
In November 2019, we consummated the Yahsat Brazil JV Transaction. As a result, we are reviewing the internal controls of the business we acquired from Yahsat in the Yahsat Brazil JV Transaction and we may make appropriate changes as deemed necessary.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
 
Except as noted above, there has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that occurred during the three months ended March 31, 2020 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting. We continue to review our internal control over financial reporting and may from time to time make changes aimed at enhancing its effectiveness and to ensure that our systems evolve with our business.

58


PART II — OTHER INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.    LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
 
For a discussion of legal proceedings, refer to Part I, Item 1. Financial Statements — Note 12. Contingencies — Litigation in this Form 10-Q.

ITEM 1A.    RISK FACTORS
 
The following  information updates, and should be read in conjunction with, the information in Part I, Item 1A, Risk Factors, of our Form 10-K.

RISKS RELATED TO THE COVID‑19 PANDEMIC

The COVID‑19 pandemic, its economic impacts and related government and private sector responsive actions could have a material adverse effect our business operations. As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, many countries, including the U.S., and other governmental authorities have imposed restrictions on travel, as well as general movement and gathering restrictions, business closures and other measures imposed to slow the spread of COVID‑19.

We have set forth below key risks from the COVID‑19 pandemic that we have identified to date. The situation continues to develop, however, and it is impossible to predict the effect and ultimate impact of the COVID‑19 pandemic on our business, financial condition or results of operations.  We cannot estimate or determine the duration of the quarantine, social distancing and other regulatory measures instituted or recommended in response to the COVID‑19 pandemic, whether they will recur or the duration or degree of the business disruptions, and related financial impact. The COVID‑19 pandemic has evolved into a worldwide health crisis that has adversely affected economies and financial markets throughout the world, resulting in a significant economic downturn and changes in global economic policy that could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

Our operations and those of our customers and other third parties with whom we conduct business are located in areas impacted by the COVID‑19 pandemic, and those operations have been, and may continue to be, adversely affected by the COVID‑19 pandemic.

We conduct our product development, manufacturing, installation and customer support and services in areas where, in order to attempt to mitigate the COVID-19 pandemic, (a) states of emergency related to the spread of COVID‑19 have been declared and (b) various levels of “shelter-in-place” orders have been issued, which (i) direct individuals living in those locations to shelter at their places of residence (subject to limited exceptions), (ii) direct businesses and governmental agencies to cease non-essential operations at physical locations, (iii) prohibit non-essential gatherings of various number of individuals, and (iv) order cessation of non-essential travel. The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and the actions from applicable governmental authorities has negatively impacted productivity, increased cybersecurity risks as a large portion of our workforce has been working remotely, disrupted our and our customers’, suppliers’, vendors’ and other business partners’ and investees’ businesses and finances, delayed regulatory and other timelines, and delayed the manufacture and deployment of our satellites. Additionally, some regulatory bodies have furloughed employees, reduced activities and temporarily closed their offices. Such measures may materially delay the review and/or approval of licenses or authorizations we need to operate our business. The magnitude of these impacts will depend, in part, on the length and severity of the pandemic, associated restrictions and resulting economic and financial consequences and other limitations and impediments on the conduct of business in the ordinary course.

Extended periods of interruption to our corporate, development or manufacturing facilities due to the COVID‑19 pandemic could cause us to lose revenue, which would depress our financial performance and could be difficult to recapture. Our business may also be harmed if travel continues to be restricted or inadvisable or if members of management and other employees are unable to work because they contract COVID‑19, they elect not to come to work due to the illness affecting others in our office or other facilities, or they are subject to quarantines or other governmentally imposed restrictions. Additionally, many of our subscribers are working remotely or engaging in distance learning. These activities have increased the usage on our HughesNet service so that there is little or no capacity remaining for subscriber growth in our most popular geographic areas. In addition, the limitation on capacity may result in our subscribers experiencing slower speeds. This, in turn, could result in higher churn and may negatively affect our financial results.


59


A portion of the expected sales of our products or services have been, and additional sales may be, delayed or canceled as a result of effects of the COVID‑19 pandemic on the operations of our customers.

Our customers’ business operations have been, and are continuing to be, subject to business interruptions arising from the COVID‑19 pandemic. Due to the downturn in financial markets arising from the COVID-19 pandemic, a number of our current enterprise customers are facing uncertain futures. In the event any of these enterprise customers fail or seek reorganization under the bankruptcy laws, we may be obliged to pay for satellite capacity for which we are not being paid. Further, the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in increased unemployment, which could result in reduced demand and increased inability to pay from our consumer customers. Any resulting financial impact cannot be reasonably estimated at this time but may materially affect our subscriber numbers, business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows. We are diligently working to ensure that we can operate with minimal disruption and address potential business interruptions on ourselves and our customers. However, the full extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic could affect the global economy and our business will depend on future developments and factors that cannot be predicted and there can be no assurance that the COVID‑19 pandemic will not result in further delays, or possibly reductions, in our recognition of revenue.

Our supply chain may be materially adversely impacted due to the COVID‑19 pandemic.

We rely upon the facilities of our domestic and foreign suppliers to support our business. The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in significant governmental measures in many countries being implemented to control the spread of COVID‑19, including restrictions on manufacturing and the movement of employees. As a result, our suppliers may not have the materials, capacity, or capability to supply our components according to our schedule and specifications. Further, there may be logistics issues, including our ability and our supply chain’s ability to quickly ramp up production, and transportation demands that may cause further delays. If our suppliers’ operations are curtailed, we may need to seek alternate sources of supply, which may be more expensive. Alternate sources may not be available or may result in delays in shipments to us from our supply chain and subsequently to our customers, each of which would affect our results of operations. The duration of the disruptions and restrictions on the ability to travel, quarantines and temporary closures of the facilities of our suppliers, as well as general limitations on movement in the region, are unknown and they may recur and the duration of the production and supply chain disruption, and related financial impact, cannot be estimated at this time. Should the production and distribution closures continue for an extended period of time or recur, the impact on our supply chain could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and cash flows. Business disruptions could also negatively affect the sources and availability of components and materials that are essential to the operation of our business.

The COVID‑19 pandemic could negatively impact our planned or potential strategic initiatives.

Our strategy includes a number of plans to support the growth of our core businesses, including continuing to selectively explore opportunities to pursue investments, commercial alliances, partnerships, joint ventures, acquisitions, dispositions and other strategic initiatives and transactions, domestically and internationally. The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic impacts these potential strategic initiatives will depend on future developments that are highly uncertain. If the disruptions posed by the COVID‑19 pandemic and related government measures, economic downturns or other matters of global concern continue for an extensive period of time or recur, our ability to pursue and consummate planned or potential strategic initiatives could be materially adversely affected.

ITEM 4.    MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
 
Not applicable
 

60


ITEM 5.    OTHER INFORMATION

Financial Results

On May 7, 2020, EchoStar issued a press release (the “Press Release”) announcing its financial results for the quarter ended March 31, 2020. A copy of the Press Release is furnished herewith as Exhibit 99.1. The foregoing information, including the exhibits related thereto, are furnished in response to Item 2.02 of Form 8-K and shall not be deemed filed for the purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), or otherwise, and shall not be incorporated by reference into any registration statement or other document pursuant to the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or into any filing or other document pursuant to the Exchange Act, except as otherwise expressly stated in any such filing.

ITEM 6.    EXHIBITS
Exhibit No. Description
 
 
 
 
101.INS XBRL Instance Document. The instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.
101.SCH XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema.
101.CAL XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase.
101.DEF XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase.
101.LAB XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase.
101.PRE XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase.
 _________________________________________________________
(H)   Filed herewith.
(I)     Furnished herewith.
*Incorporated by reference.
**Constitutes a management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.
*** Schedules and exhibits have been omitted pursuant to Item 601(b)(2) of Regulation S-K. We agree to furnish supplementally to the Securities and Exchange Commission a copy of any omitted schedule or exhibit upon request, subject to our right to request confidential treatment of any requested schedule or exhibit.

61


SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this Form 10-Q to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
  HUGHES SATELLITE SYSTEMS CORPORATION
   
   
Date: May 7, 2020By:
/s/ Michael T. Dugan
  Michael T. Dugan
  Chief Executive Officer, President and Director
  (Principal Executive Officer)
   
   
Date: May 7, 2020By:
/s/ David J. Rayner
  David J. Rayner
  Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, Chief Operating Officer and Treasurer
  (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)


62