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Fiesta Restaurant (FRGI)

Filed: 5 Nov 19, 5:32pm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, DC 20549 
__________________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
__________________________________________________________
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 29, 2019
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number: 001-35373 
__________________________________________________________
FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
__________________________________________________________
DE90-0712224
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
14800 Landmark Boulevard, Suite 50075254
DallasTX(Zip Code)
(Address of principal executive office) 
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (972) 702-9300
__________________________________________________________
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each Class Trading Symbol Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share FRGI NASDAQ Global Select Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒  No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ☒    No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer", "accelerated filer", "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 
Large Accelerated FilerAccelerated Filer
    
Non-accelerated FilerSmaller Reporting Company
   
  Emerging Growth Company



If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ☐     No  ☒
As of October 30, 2019, Fiesta Restaurant Group, Inc. had 27,476,451 shares of its common stock, $0.01 par value, outstanding.



FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
QUARTER ENDED SEPTEMBER 29, 2019
 

3


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. INTERIM CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
(Unaudited)
 September 29, 2019 December 30, 2018
ASSETS   
Current assets:   
Cash$3,509
 $5,258
Accounts receivable9,066
 8,505
Inventories3,222
 2,842
Prepaid rent119
 3,375
Income tax receivable1,502
 17,857
Prepaid expenses and other current assets12,378
 6,562
Total current assets29,796
 44,399
Property and equipment, net221,122
 231,328
Operating lease right-of-use assets254,449
 
Goodwill56,307
 123,484
Deferred income taxes8,243
 10,383
Other assets7,685
 9,065
Total assets$577,602
 $418,659
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY   
Current liabilities:   
Current portion of long-term debt$204
 $108
Accounts payable11,094
 16,410
Accrued payroll, related taxes and benefits9,686
 10,086
Accrued real estate taxes7,424
 5,871
Other current liabilities29,842
 14,086
Total current liabilities58,250
 46,561
Long-term debt, net of current portion70,887
 79,636
Deferred income—sale-leaseback of real estate
 19,899
Operating lease liabilities258,891
 
Other non-current liabilities8,066
 32,504
Total liabilities396,094
 178,600
Commitments and contingencies

 

Stockholders' equity:   
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; 20,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued
 
Common stock, $0.01 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized, 27,480,487 and 27,259,212 shares issued, respectively, and 25,926,561 and 26,858,988 shares outstanding, respectively271
 270
Additional paid-in capital172,426
 170,290
Retained earnings22,937
 72,268
Treasury stock, at cost; 1,176,895 and 112,358 shares, respectively(14,126) (2,769)
Total stockholders' equity181,508
 240,059
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$577,602
 $418,659

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
4


FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
THREE AND NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 29, 2019 AND SEPTEMBER 30, 2018
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
 September 29, 2019 September 30, 2018 September 29, 2019 September 30, 2018
Revenues:       
Restaurant sales$163,589
 $173,966
 $499,483
 $518,951
Franchise royalty revenues and fees659
 682
 1,998
 2,008
Total revenues164,248
 174,648
 501,481
 520,959
Costs and expenses:       
Cost of sales52,056
 56,021
 156,324
 166,275
Restaurant wages and related expenses (including stock-based compensation expense of $102, $6, $145, and $56, respectively)44,459
 47,943
 135,261
 142,103
Restaurant rent expense11,970
 9,129
 35,613
 26,861
Other restaurant operating expenses24,153
 27,294
 68,429
 75,398
Advertising expense6,385
 6,472
 17,789
 18,046
General and administrative (including stock-based compensation expense of $509, $732, $1,993 and $2,588, respectively)13,820
 13,284
 42,387
 41,023
Depreciation and amortization10,165
 9,739
 29,520
 27,908
Pre-opening costs77
 223
 863
 1,481
Impairment and other lease charges3,254
 6,417
 4,667
 6,539
Goodwill impairment21,424
 
 67,909
 
Closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income726
 
 3,485
 
Other expense (income), net64
 47
 920
 (3,132)
Total operating expenses188,553
 176,569
 563,167
 502,502
Income (loss) from operations(24,305) (1,921) (61,686) 18,457
Interest expense823
 924
 3,024
 2,979
Income (loss) before income taxes(25,128) (2,845) (64,710) 15,478
Benefit from income taxes(2,946) (4,892) (1,377) (246)
Net income (loss)$(22,182) $2,047
 $(63,333) $15,724
Earnings (loss) per common share:       
Basic$(0.84) $0.08
 $(2.37) $0.58
Diluted(0.84) 0.08
 (2.37) 0.58
Weighted average common shares outstanding:       
Basic26,548,116
 26,954,285
 26,734,822
 26,900,716
Diluted26,548,116
 26,958,874
 26,734,822
 26,905,391


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
5


FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
THREE AND NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 29, 2019 AND SEPTEMBER 30, 2018
(In thousands, except share data) 
(Unaudited)

 Common Stock Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 Retained
Earnings
 Treasury
Stock
 Total
Stockholders'
Equity
 Shares Amount    
Balance at December 31, 201726,847,458
 $268
 $166,823
 $64,425
 $
 $231,516
Stock-based compensation
 
 889
 
 
 889
Vesting of restricted shares76,578
 1
 (1) 
 
 
Cumulative effect of adopting a new accounting standard
 
 
 57
 
 57
Purchase of treasury stock(18,406) 
 
 
 (349) (349)
Net income
 
 
 4,184
 
 4,184
Balance at April 1, 201826,905,630
 $269
 $167,711
 $68,666
 $(349) $236,297
Stock-based compensation
 
 1,017
 
 
 1,017
Vesting of restricted shares38,348
 1
 (1) 
 
 
Purchase of treasury stock(24,499) 
 
 
 (603) (603)
Net income
 
 
 9,493
 
 9,493
Balance at July 1, 201826,919,479
 $270
 $168,727
 $78,159
 $(952) $246,204
Stock-based compensation
 
 738
 
 
 738
Vesting of restricted shares613
 
 
 
 
 
Purchase of treasury stock(54,453) 
 
 
 (1,532) (1,532)
Net income
 
 
 2,047
 
 2,047
Balance at September 30, 201826,865,639
 $270
 $169,465
 $80,206
 $(2,484) $247,457
            
Balance at December 30, 201826,858,988
 $270
 $170,290
 $72,268
 $(2,769) $240,059
Stock-based compensation
 
 792
 
 
 792
Vesting of restricted shares68,286
 
 (1) 
 
 (1)
Cumulative effect of adopting a new accounting standard (Note 1)
 
 
 14,002
 
 14,002
Purchase of treasury stock(158,269) 
 
 
 (2,199) (2,199)
Net income
 
 
 2,289
 
 2,289
Balance at March 31, 201926,769,005
 $270
 $171,081
 $88,559
 $(4,968) $254,942
Stock-based compensation
 
 735
 
 
 735
Vesting of restricted shares57,547
 1
 (1) 
 
 
Net loss
 
 
 (43,440) 
 (43,440)
Balance at June 30, 201926,826,552
 $271
 $171,815
 $45,119
 $(4,968) $212,237
Stock-based compensation
 
 611
 
 
 611
Vesting of restricted shares6,277
 
 
 
 
 
Purchase of treasury stock(906,268) 
 
 
 (9,158) (9,158)
Net loss
 
 
 (22,182) 
 (22,182)
Balance at September 29, 201925,926,561
 $271
 $172,426
 $22,937
 $(14,126) $181,508




The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
6


FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 29, 2019 AND SEPTEMBER 30, 2018
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 Nine Months Ended
 September 29, 2019 September 30, 2018
Operating activities:   
Net income (loss)$(63,333) $15,724
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:   
Loss (gain) on disposals of property and equipment(6) (1,167)
Stock-based compensation2,138
 2,644
Impairment and other lease charges4,667
 6,539
Goodwill impairment67,909
 
Depreciation and amortization29,520
 27,908
Amortization of deferred financing costs203
 203
Amortization of deferred gains from sale-leaseback transactions
 (2,698)
Deferred income taxes(2,112) 7,856
Changes in other operating assets and liabilities11,988
 (12,721)
Net cash provided by operating activities50,974
 44,288
Investing activities:   
Capital expenditures:   
New restaurant development(10,681) (17,897)
Restaurant remodeling(368) (234)
Other restaurant capital expenditures(15,845) (15,536)
Corporate and restaurant information systems(7,179) (6,256)
Total capital expenditures(34,073) (39,923)
Proceeds from disposals of properties1,774
 4,676
Proceeds from insurance recoveries42
 813
Net cash used in investing activities(32,257) (34,434)
Financing activities:   
Borrowings on revolving credit facility21,000
 18,000
Repayments on revolving credit facility(30,000) (23,000)
Principal payments on finance/capital leases(109) (76)
Financing costs associated with issuance of debt
 (150)
Payments to purchase treasury stock(11,357) (2,484)
Net cash used in financing activities(20,466) (7,710)
Net change in cash(1,749) 2,144
Cash, beginning of period5,258
 3,599
Cash, end of period$3,509
 $5,743
Supplemental disclosures:   
Interest paid on long-term debt$3,558
 $2,505
Accruals for capital expenditures3,198
 5,338
Income tax payments (refunds), net(15,620) (3,360)
Finance/capital lease obligations incurred495
 322

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
7

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



1. Basis of Presentation
Business Description. Fiesta Restaurant Group, Inc. ("Fiesta Restaurant Group" or "Fiesta") owns, operates and franchises 2 restaurant brands through its wholly-owned subsidiaries Pollo Operations, Inc. and its subsidiaries, Pollo Franchise, Inc. (collectively "Pollo Tropical"), and Taco Cabana, Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively "Taco Cabana"). Unless the context otherwise requires, Fiesta and its subsidiaries, Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana, are collectively referred to as the "Company." At September 29, 2019, the Company owned and operated 141 Pollo Tropical® restaurants and 165 Taco Cabana® restaurants. All of the Pollo Tropical restaurants are located in Florida and all of the Taco Cabana restaurants are located in Texas. At September 29, 2019, the Company franchised a total of 31 Pollo Tropical restaurants and 8 Taco Cabana restaurants. The franchised Pollo Tropical restaurants included 17 in Puerto Rico, 4 in Panama, 2 in Guyana, 1 in the Bahamas, 6 on college campuses and 1 at a hospital in Florida. The franchised Taco Cabana restaurants included 6 in New Mexico and 2 on college campuses in Texas.
Basis of Consolidation. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements presented herein reflect the consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows of Fiesta and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Fiscal Year. The Company uses a 52–53 week fiscal year ending on the Sunday closest to December 31. The fiscal year ended December 30, 2018 contained 52 weeks. The three and nine months ended September 29, 2019 and September 30, 2018 each contained thirteen and thirty-nine weeks, respectively. The fiscal year ending December 29, 2019 will contain 52 weeks.
Basis of Presentation. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019 and September 30, 2018 have been prepared without an audit pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and do not include certain information and footnotes required by U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP") for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all normal and recurring adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of such financial statements have been included. The results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019 and September 30, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.
These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 30, 2018 included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 30, 2018. The December 30, 2018 balance sheet data is derived from those audited financial statements.
Guidance Adopted in 2019. In February 2016, and in subsequent updates, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) ("ASC 842"), which requires lessee recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosure of key information about leasing arrangements. The Company adopted this new accounting standard and all the related amendments as of December 31, 2018 using the modified retrospective method, with certain optional practical expedients including the transition practical expedient package, which among other things does not require reassessment of lease classification. The Company elected the transition method that allows it to initially apply the new standard at the adoption date and recognize a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption. The comparative period information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standard in effect for that period.
The Company has recognized lease liabilities and corresponding right-of-use ("ROU") lease assets for substantially all of the leases it previously accounted for as operating leases, including leases related to closed restaurant properties. The initial ROU assets were calculated as the present value of the remaining operating lease payments using the Company's incremental borrowing rate as of December 31, 2018, reduced by accrued occupancy costs such as certain closed-restaurant lease reserves, accrued rent (including accruals to expense operating lease payments on a straight-line basis), unamortized lease incentives and any unamortized sale-leaseback gains that resulted from off-market terms and increased by unamortized lease acquisition costs. Upon the adoption of ASC 842, the Company no longer records closed restaurant lease reserves, and ROU lease assets are reviewed for impairment with the Company's long-lived assets.
The Company elected the practical expedient to combine lease and non-lease components of real estate contracts, which resulted in classification of certain occupancy related expenses that are included in other restaurant operating expenses for periods prior to the adoption of ASC 842 as restaurant rent expenses in the consolidated statement of operations for periods subsequent to the adoption of ASC 842. The Company separately presents rent expense related to its closed restaurant locations and any sublease

8

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



income related to these closed restaurant locations within closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income in the consolidated statement of operations for periods subsequent to the adoption of ASC 842.
The Company recorded an initial adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings of $14.0 million associated with previously deferred gains on sale-leaseback transactions and impairment of operating lease right-of-use assets as of the date of adoption. This adjustment consisted of $18.6 million in deferred gains on sale-leaseback transactions, net of a related deferred tax asset of $4.3 million and $0.2 million in impairment charges, net of tax. For any future sale-leaseback transactions, the gain (adjusted for any off-market terms) will be recognized immediately.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment ("ASU 2017-04"), which eliminates the requirement to calculate the implied fair value of goodwill if the fair value of a reporting unit is less than the carrying amount of the reporting unit. Instead, if the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, an impairment loss will be recognized in an amount equal to that excess, limited to the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. In 2019, the Company early adopted this new accounting standard and performed its interim impairment tests in accordance with ASU 2017-04. In the second quarter of 2019, the Company recognized a $46.5 million impairment of its Taco Cabana reporting unit goodwill, which represents the excess of the reporting unit's carrying value over its fair value at June 30, 2019. In the third quarter of 2019, the Company recognized a $21.4 million impairment of its Taco Cabana reporting unit goodwill. In the third quarter of 2019, the excess of the Taco Cabana reporting unit's carrying value over its fair value was greater than the balance of the reporting unit's goodwill, resulting in a full impairment of the Taco Cabana reporting unit's goodwill. See Note 4—Goodwill.
Revenue Recognition. Revenue is recognized upon transfer of promised products or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company received in exchange for those products or services. Revenues from the Company's owned and operated restaurants are recognized when payment is tendered at the time of sale. Franchise royalty revenues are based on a percent of gross sales and are recorded as income when earned. Initial franchise fees and area development fees associated with new franchise agreements are not distinct from the continuing rights and services offered by the Company during the term of the related franchise agreements and are recognized as income over the term of the related franchise agreements. A portion of the initial franchise fee is allocated to training services and is recognized as revenue when the Company completes the training services.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date under current market conditions. In determining fair value, the accounting standards establish a three-level hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value as follows: Level 1 inputs are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities; Level 2 inputs are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, including quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities; and Level 3 inputs are unobservable and reflect management's own assumptions. The following methods were used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instruments for which it is practicable to estimate the fair value:
Current Assets and Liabilities. The carrying values reported on the balance sheet of cash, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate fair value because of the short maturity of those financial instruments.
Revolving Credit Borrowings. The fair value of outstanding revolving credit borrowings under the Company's senior credit facility, which is considered Level 2, is based on current LIBOR rates. The fair value of the Company's senior credit facility was approximately $69.0 million at September 29, 2019, and $78.0 million at December 30, 2018. The carrying value of the Company's senior credit facility was $69.0 million at September 29, 2019 and $78.0 million at December 30, 2018.
Long-Lived Assets. The Company assesses the recoverability of property and equipment and definite-lived intangible assets including right-of-use lease assets by determining whether the carrying value of these assets can be recovered over their respective remaining lives through undiscounted future operating cash flows. Impairment is reviewed when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amounts of these assets may not be fully recoverable. See Note 3—Impairment of Long-Lived Assets.
Leases. The Company assesses whether an agreement contains a lease at inception. Operating leases are included within operating lease right-of-use assets, other current liabilities, and operating lease liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets. Finance leases are included within property and equipment, net, current portion of long-term debt, and long-term debt, net of current portion in the consolidated balance sheets.
ROU assets represent the Company's right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent the obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Operating lease ROU assets and liabilities are recognized at commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. The operating lease ROU asset also includes

9

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



any lease payments made in advance and is reduced by lease incentives received. As most leases do not provide an implicit rate, the Company uses its incremental borrowing rate at commencement date in determining the present value of lease payments. Lease terms include options to extend the lease when it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise that option. The Company assumes options are reasonably certain to be exercised when such options are required to achieve a minimum 20-year lease term for new restaurant properties, and subsequent to the adoption of ASC 842, when it incurs significant leasehold improvement costs near the end of a lease term. The Company uses judgment and available data to allocate consideration in a contract when it leases land and a building. The Company also uses judgment in determining its incremental borrowing rate, which includes selecting a yield curve based on a synthetic credit rating determined using a valuation model. Lease expense for lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term unless the related ROU asset has been adjusted for an impairment charge. The Company has real estate lease agreements with lease and non-lease components, which are accounted for as a single lease component. See Note 6—Leases.
Use of Estimates. The preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the financial statements. Estimates also affect the reported amounts of expenses during the reporting periods. Significant items subject to such estimates and assumptions include: accrued occupancy costs, insurance liabilities, evaluation for impairment of goodwill and long-lived assets and lease accounting matters. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
2. Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets
Prepaid expenses and other current assets, consist of the following:
 September 29, 2019 December 30, 2018
Prepaid contract expenses$4,275
 $4,232
Assets held for sale(1)
4,336
 
Other3,767
 2,330
 $12,378
 $6,562

(1) NaN closed Pollo Tropical restaurant and 2 Taco Cabana restaurant properties owned by the Company were classified as held for sale as of September 29, 2019.
3. Impairment of Long-Lived Assets and Other Lease Charges
The Company reviews its long-lived assets, principally property and equipment and lease ROU assets, for impairment at the restaurant level. In addition to considering management's plans, known regulatory or governmental actions and damage due to acts of God (hurricanes, tornadoes, etc.), the Company considers a triggering event to have occurred related to a specific restaurant if the restaurant's cash flows for the last twelve months are less than a minimum threshold or if consistent levels of cash flows for the remaining lease period are less than the carrying value of the restaurant's assets. If an indicator of impairment exists for any of its assets, an estimate of undiscounted future cash flows over the life of the primary asset for each restaurant is compared to that long-lived asset's carrying value. If the carrying value is greater than the undiscounted cash flow, the Company then determines the fair value of the asset and if an asset is determined to be impaired, the loss is measured by the excess of the carrying amount of the asset over its fair value. There is uncertainty in the projected undiscounted future cash flows used in the Company's impairment review analysis. If actual performance does not achieve the projections, the Company may recognize impairment charges in future periods, and such charges could be material.
A summary of impairment of long-lived assets and other lease charges (recoveries) recorded by segment is as follows:
 Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
 September 29, 2019 September 30, 2018 September 29, 2019 September 30, 2018
Pollo Tropical$165
 $3,295
 $(162) $3,439
Taco Cabana3,089
 3,122
 4,829
 3,100
 $3,254
 $6,417
 $4,667
 $6,539

Impairment and other lease charges for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019 for Pollo Tropical include impairment charges of $0.2 million and $0.6 million, respectively, related primarily to additional impairment of equipment from previously impaired restaurants and a lease charge recoveries benefit related to previously closed restaurant lease terminations of

10

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



$(0.8) million for the nine months ended September 29, 2019. Impairment and other lease charges for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019 for Taco Cabana include impairment charges of $3.1 million and $4.9 million, respectively, related primarily to impairment of assets for 8 underperforming Taco Cabana restaurants for which continued sales declines resulted in a decrease in the estimated future cash flows and equipment from previously impaired restaurants as well as a lease charge recoveries benefit related to previously closed restaurant lease terminations of $(0.1) million for the nine months ended September 29, 2019.
Impairment and other lease charges for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 for Pollo Tropical include impairment charges of $3.4 million and $3.6 million, respectively, related primarily to impairment of 3 underperforming restaurants for which continued sales declines resulted in a decrease in the estimated future cash flows and a benefit of $(0.1) million in net lease charge recoveries related to certain previously closed restaurants due to adjustments to estimates of future lease costs. Impairment and other lease charges for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 for Taco Cabana include impairment charges of $2.4 million and $2.6 million, respectively, related primarily to impairment of 5 underperforming restaurants for which continued sales declines resulted in a decrease in the estimated future cash flows and other lease charges, net of recoveries, of $0.7 million and $0.5 million, respectively, due primarily to lease charges related to an office relocation in the third quarter of 2018 and other lease charges, net of recoveries, related to certain previously closed restaurants due to adjustments to estimates of future lease costs.
The Company determined the fair value of restaurant equipment, for those restaurants reviewed for impairment, based on current economic conditions, the Company's history of using these assets in the operation of its business and the Company's expectation of how a market participant would value the assets. In addition, for those restaurants reviewed for impairment where the Company owns the land and building, the Company utilized third-party information such as a broker quoted value to determine the fair value of the property. These fair value asset measurements rely on significant unobservable inputs and are considered Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy. The Company also utilized discounted future cash flows to determine the fair value of assets for certain leased restaurants. The Level 3 assets measured at fair value associated with impairment charges recorded during the nine months ended September 29, 2019 totaled $1.5 million.
4. Goodwill
The Company is required to review goodwill for impairment annually or more frequently when events and circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may be impaired. If the determined fair value of goodwill is less than the related carrying amount, an impairment loss is recognized. The Company performs its annual impairment assessment as of the last day of the fiscal year and has determined its reporting units to be its operating segments, Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana.
In performing its goodwill impairment test as of December 30, 2018, the Company compared the net book values of its reporting units to their estimated fair values, the latter determined by employing an income-based discounted cash flow analysis approach and a market-based approach, which was corroborated with other value indicators where available, such as comparable company earnings multiples.
As of June 30, 2019, the Company determined that a triggering event had occurred due to a sustained decrease in the market price of the Company's common stock. In response to the triggering event, the Company performed a quantitative impairment test for both the Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana reporting units. Fair value for each reporting unit was determined using a combination of the income-based approach and two market-based approaches. Based on the impairment test analysis, the fair value of the Pollo Tropical reporting unit substantially exceeded its carrying amount, while the carrying amount for the Taco Cabana reporting unit exceeded its estimated fair value, which indicated an impairment of the Taco Cabana reporting unit. Lower than expected profitability and a lower profitability and growth outlook for the Taco Cabana reporting unit reduced its income-based and market-based approach fair value.
The Company early adopted ASU 2017-04, which eliminates Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test, and requires recognition of an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit's fair value, limited to the carrying value of the reporting unit's goodwill. In the second quarter of 2019, the Company recorded an impairment charge on the goodwill of its Taco Cabana reporting unit of $46.5 million, which represents the excess of the reporting unit's carrying value over its fair value at June 30, 2019 and which was not deductible for tax purposes.
In addition, in response to a further decrease in the market price of the Company's common stock and lower than expected profitability in the third quarter of 2019, the Company performed a quantitative impairment test for both the Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana reporting units as of September 29, 2019. Based on the impairment test analysis, which utilized the same approach used in the second quarter of 2019, the fair value of the Pollo Tropical reporting unit continued to substantially exceed its carrying

11

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



amount, while the carrying amount for the Taco Cabana reporting unit exceeded its estimated fair value. In the third quarter of 2019, the Company recorded an impairment charge on the goodwill of its Taco Cabana reporting unit of $21.4 million, of which $9.1 million was deductible for tax purposes and resulted in an income tax benefit of $2.1 million. The excess of the Taco Cabana reporting unit's carrying value over its fair value was greater than the balance of the reporting unit's goodwill, resulting in a full impairment of the Taco Cabana reporting unit's goodwill.
A summary of changes in goodwill during the nine months ended September 29, 2019 is as follows:
 Pollo
Tropical
 Taco
Cabana
 Total
Balance, December 30, 2018$56,307
 $67,177
 $123,484
Impairment charges(1)(2)

 (67,177) (67,177)
Balance, September 29, 2019$56,307
 $
 $56,307
(1) Accumulated impairment losses at September 29, 2019 were $67.2 million. There were 0 accumulated impairment losses at December 30, 2018.
(2) Impairment charges during the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019 include $0.7 million previously classified as an intangible asset and included in other assets.
5. Other Liabilities
Other current liabilities consist of the following:
 September 29, 2019 December 30, 2018
Accrued workers' compensation and general liability claims$4,770
 $4,886
Sales and property taxes2,054
 1,958
Accrued occupancy costs1,189
 4,554
Operating lease liabilities19,647
 
Other2,182
 2,688
 $29,842
 $14,086

Other non-current liabilities consist of the following:
 September 29, 2019 December 30, 2018
Accrued occupancy costs$78
 $21,534
Deferred compensation532
 867
Accrued workers' compensation and general liability claims6,806
 6,808
Other650
 3,295
 $8,066
 $32,504

At December 30, 2018, accrued occupancy costs included obligations pertaining to closed restaurant locations and accruals to expense operating lease rental payments on a straight-line basis over the lease term. As a result of adopting ASC 842 on December 31, 2018, at September 29, 2019, accrued occupancy costs primarily consisted of obligations pertaining to closed restaurant locations.

12

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



The following table presents the activity in the closed-restaurant reserve, of which $0.1 million and $4.4 million are included in non-current accrued occupancy costs at September 29, 2019 and December 30, 2018, respectively, with the remainder in current accrued occupancy costs.
 Nine Months Ended September 29, 2019 Year Ended December 30, 2018
Balance, beginning of period$8,819
 $12,994
Provisions for restaurant closures
 2,228
Additional lease charges (recoveries), net(808) (152)
Payments, net(895) (6,778)
Other adjustments(1)
(5,992) 527
Balance, end of period$1,124
 $8,819

(1) As a result of adopting ASC 842 on December 31, 2018, the portion of the closed restaurant reserve related to operating lease rental payments totaling $5.7 million was reclassified and included as a component of the related ROU assets during the nine months ended September 29, 2019. The portion of the closed restaurant reserve related to variable ancillary lease costs was not reclassified and was not included as a reduction to ROU assets.
6. Leases
The Company utilizes land and buildings in its operations under various operating and finance lease agreements. The Company does not consider any one of these individual leases material to the Company's operations. Initial lease terms are generally for 20 years and, in many cases, provide for renewal options and in most cases rent escalations. As of September 29, 2019, the Company's leases have remaining lease terms of 0.3 years to 22.1 years. Some of the Company's leases include options to extend the lease for up to 40 years. Certain leases require contingent rent, determined as a percentage of sales as defined by the terms of the applicable lease agreement. For most locations, the Company is obligated for occupancy related costs including payment of property taxes, insurance and utilities. Variable lease payments included in rent expense consist of such contingent rent, certain rent payments based on changes in an index and certain occupancy related costs, such as variable common area maintenance expense and property taxes. The Company is not subject to residual value guarantees under any of the lease agreements. Many of the Company's real estate leases contain usage restrictions, but its leases do not contain financial covenants and restrictions.
Lease expense consisted of the following:
 Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
 September 29, 2019 September 29, 2019
Operating lease cost$11,396
 $34,097
    
Finance lease costs:   
Amortization of right-of-use assets$59
 $136
Interest on lease liabilities58
 168
Total finance lease costs$117
 $304
    
Variable lease costs$2,766
 8,855
Sublease income(1,135) (2,764)
Total lease costs$13,144
 $40,492


13

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



Supplemental balance sheet information related to leases is as follows:
 September 29, 2019
Operating Leases 
Operating lease right-of-use assets$254,449
  
Other current liabilities$19,647
Operating lease liabilities258,891
Total operating lease liabilities$278,538
  
Finance Leases 
Property and equipment, gross$2,874
Accumulated amortization(1,268)
Property and equipment, net$1,606
  
Current portion of long-term debt$204
Long-term debt, net of current portion1,887
Total finance lease liabilities$2,091
Weighted Average Remaining Lease Term (in Years) 
Operating leases12.1
Finance leases8.1
  
Weighted Average Discount Rate 
Operating leases7.70%
Finance leases12.61%


14

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



Supplemental cash flow information related to leases is as follows:
 Nine Months Ended
 September 29, 2019
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities: 
Operating cash flows for operating leases$32,833
Operating cash flows for finance leases168
Financing cash flows for finance leases109
  
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease liabilities: 
Operating lease ROU assets8,618
Finance lease ROU assets495
  
Right-of-use assets and lease liabilities reduced for terminated leases: 
Operating lease ROU assets4,058
Operating lease liabilities4,787
  
Operating lease right-of-use assets obtained and liabilities incurred as a result of adoption of ASC 842: 
Operating lease ROU assets267,743
Operating lease liabilities291,373

Maturities of lease liabilities were as follows:
 Operating Leases Finance Leases
Remaining 2019$7,369
 $87
202043,570
 460
202140,062
 475
202238,637
 475
202335,269
 428
202431,820
 350
Thereafter248,237
 1,278
Total lease payments444,964
 3,553
Less amount representing interest(166,426) (1,462)
Total discounted lease liabilities278,538
 2,091
Less current portion(19,647) (204)
Long-term portion of leases liabilities$258,891
 $1,887

As of September 29, 2019, the Company had 5 additional operating leases for restaurant properties. These operating leases will commence in fiscal year 2020 with each lease having an initial lease term of 15 years.

15

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



Minimum rent commitments due under capital and non-cancelable operating leases at December 30, 2018 were as follows:
 Operating Capital
2019$44,427
 $323
202044,144
 327
202141,396
 342
202240,215
 342
202336,587
 349
Thereafter264,704
 1,646
Total minimum lease payments(1)
$471,473
 3,329
Less amount representing interest  (1,585)
Total obligations under capital leases  1,744
Less current portion  (108)
Long-term debt under capital leases  $1,636
(1)Minimum operating lease payments include contractual rent payments for closed restaurants for which the Company is still obligated under the lease agreements and have not been reduced by minimum sublease rent of $41.4 million due in the future under non-cancelable subleases. See Note 5—Other Liabilities.
The Company subleases land and buildings related to closed restaurant locations and a closed office location under various operating sublease agreements. Initial sublease terms are generally for the period of time remaining on the head lease term and, in some cases, subleases provide for renewal options and in most cases rent escalations. As of September 29, 2019, the Company's subleases have remaining sublease terms of 2.6 years to 19.7 years. Some of the Company's subleases include options to extend the lease for up to 25 years. Variable lease payments included in sublease income consist of certain occupancy related costs, such as variable common area maintenance expense and property taxes where the Company makes the real estate payment and is reimbursed by the lessee. The sublease agreements do not include residual value guarantees. Consistent with the Company's real estate leases, many of the subleases contain usage restrictions, but its subleases do not contain financial covenants and restrictions.
The undiscounted cash flows to be received under operating subleases were as follows:
 Operating Leases
Remaining 2019$937
20204,384
20214,551
20224,493
20234,481
20244,535
Thereafter41,798
Total$65,179

7. Stockholders' Equity
Purchase of Treasury Stock
On February 26, 2018, the Company announced that its board of directors approved a share repurchase program for up to 1,500,000 shares of the Company's common stock, and on August 7, 2019, it announced that its board of directors approved an increase to its share repurchase program of an additional 500,000 shares of the Company's common stock. Under the share repurchase program, shares may be repurchased from time to time in open market transactions at prevailing market prices, in privately negotiated transactions or by other means in accordance with federal securities laws, including Rule 10b-18 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. The share repurchase program has no time limit and may be modified, suspended, superseded or terminated at any time by the Company's board of directors. The Company repurchased 1,064,537 shares of its common stock under the program in open market transactions during the nine months ended September 29, 2019 for $11.3 million. The repurchased shares are held as treasury stock at cost.

16

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



Stock-Based Compensation
During the nine months ended September 29, 2019, the Company granted certain employees, non-employee directors and a consultant a total of 287,002 non-vested restricted shares under the Fiesta Restaurant Group, Inc. 2012 Stock Incentive Plan (the "Fiesta Plan"). The shares granted to employees generally vest and become non-forfeitable over a four-year vesting period. The shares granted to non-employee directors and the consultant vest and become non-forfeitable over a one- and four-year vesting period, respectively. During the three months ended September 29, 2019, the Company granted a certain executive a total of 20,000 non-vested restricted shares under the Fiesta Plan, which vest in 2 tranches over a four-year vesting period. The weighted average fair value at grant date for non-vested shares issued during the nine months ended September 29, 2019 was $13.00 per share.
During the nine months ended September 29, 2019, the Company granted a certain executive a total of 15,348 restricted stock units under the Fiesta Plan, which vest in 2 tranches over a two-year vesting period. The restricted stock units granted to the executive are subject to continued service and attainment of specified share prices of the Company's common stock for a specified period of time within each vesting period. Each tranche vests by the end of a one-year period if the specified target stock price condition for that year is met. If the specified target stock price condition for the first tranche is not met for the year, the cumulative unearned restricted stock units will be rolled over to the subsequent tranche. For the restricted stock units granted in the nine months ended September 29, 2019, the number of shares into which these restricted stock units convert ranges from 0 shares, if the service and market performance conditions are not met, to 15,348 shares, if the service and market performance conditions are met in the last vesting period. The weighted average fair value at grant date for the restricted stock units granted in the nine months ended September 29, 2019 was $1.76 per share.
Stock-based compensation expense for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019 was $0.6 million and $2.1 million, respectively, and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 was $0.7 million and $2.6 million, respectively. At September 29, 2019, the total unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to non-vested restricted shares and restricted stock units was approximately $4.8 million. At September 29, 2019, the remaining weighted average vesting period for non-vested restricted shares was 2.7 years and restricted stock units was 0.9 years.
A summary of all non-vested restricted shares and restricted stock units activity for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 is as follows:
 Non-Vested Shares Restricted Stock Units
 Shares Weighted
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
 Units Weighted
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
Outstanding at December 30, 2018287,866
 $20.70
 231,112
 $12.44
Granted287,002
 13.00
 15,348
 1.76
Vested and released(128,811) 20.34
 (3,418) 62.05
Forfeited(69,190) 17.50
 (95,123) 12.97
Outstanding at September 29, 2019376,867
 $15.48
 147,919
 $9.83

The fair value of the non-vested restricted shares and all other restricted stock units is based on the closing price on the date of grant. The fair value of the restricted stock units subject to market conditions was estimated using the Monte Carlo simulation method. The assumptions used to value grant restricted stock units subject to market conditions are detailed below:
  2019 2018
Grant date stock price $14.66
 $18.70
Fair value at grant date $1.76
 $6.96
Risk free interest rate 2.53% 2.40%
Expected term (in years) 2
 3
Dividend yield % %
Expected volatility 43.18% 41.49%


17

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



8. Business Segment Information
The Company owns, operates and franchises 2 restaurant brands, Pollo Tropical® and Taco Cabana®, each of which is an operating segment. Pollo Tropical restaurants feature fire-grilled and crispy citrus marinated chicken and other freshly prepared tropical inspired menu items, while Taco Cabana restaurants specialize in Mexican inspired food.
Each segment's accounting policies are described in the summary of significant accounting policies in Note 1 to the Company's audited financial statements contained in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 30, 2018. The primary measure of segment profit or loss used by the chief operating decision maker to assess performance and allocate resources is Adjusted EBITDA, which is defined as earnings attributable to the applicable operating segments before interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, impairment and other lease charges, goodwill impairment, closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income, stock-based compensation expense, other expense (income), net, and certain significant items for each segment that management believes are related to strategic changes and/or are not related to the ongoing operation of the Company's restaurants as set forth in the reconciliation table below.
The "Other" column includes corporate-related items not allocated to reportable segments and consists primarily of corporate-owned property and equipment, lease assets, miscellaneous prepaid costs, capitalized costs associated with the issuance of indebtedness, corporate cash accounts and a current income tax receivable.
Three Months Ended Pollo Tropical Taco Cabana Other Consolidated
September 29, 2019:        
Restaurant sales $88,309
 $75,280
 $
 $163,589
Franchise revenue 432
 227
 
 659
Cost of sales 28,239
 23,817
 
 52,056
Restaurant wages and related expenses(1)
 20,944
 23,515
 
 44,459
Restaurant rent expense 5,477
 6,493
 
 11,970
Other restaurant operating expenses 12,807
 11,346
 
 24,153
Advertising expense 3,130
 3,255
 
 6,385
General and administrative expense(2)
 7,521
 6,299
 
 13,820
Adjusted EBITDA 10,980
 1,174
 
 12,154
Depreciation and amortization 5,529
 4,636
 
 10,165
Capital expenditures 6,402
 5,015
 985
 12,402
September 30, 2018:        
Restaurant sales $93,592
 $80,374
 $
 $173,966
Franchise revenue 453
 229
 
 682
Cost of sales 31,219
 24,802
 
 56,021
Restaurant wages and related expenses(1)
 21,947
 25,996
 
 47,943
Restaurant rent expense 4,392
 4,737
 
 9,129
Other restaurant operating expenses 13,521
 13,773
 
 27,294
Advertising expense 3,413
 3,059
 
 6,472
General and administrative expense(2)
 7,291
 5,993
 
 13,284
Adjusted EBITDA 12,544
 2,493
 
 15,037
Depreciation and amortization 5,438
 4,301
 
 9,739
Capital expenditures 4,621
 7,489
 525
 12,635

18

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)




 
Nine Months Ended Pollo Tropical Taco Cabana Other Consolidated
September 29, 2019:        
Restaurant sales $271,955
 $227,528
 $
 $499,483
Franchise revenue 1,325
 673
 
 1,998
Cost of sales 85,855
 70,469
 
 156,324
Restaurant wages and related expenses(1)
 63,387
 71,874
 
 135,261
Restaurant rent expense 16,393
 19,220
 
 35,613
Other restaurant operating expenses 36,665
 31,764
 
 68,429
Advertising expense 9,351
 8,438
 
 17,789
General and administrative expense(2)
 23,568
 18,819
 
 42,387
Adjusted EBITDA 39,943
 8,189
 
 48,132
Depreciation and amortization 16,118
 13,402
 
 29,520
Capital expenditures 18,195
 14,982
 896
 34,073
September 30, 2018:        
Restaurant sales $283,447
 $235,504
 $
 $518,951
Franchise revenue 1,376
 632
 
 2,008
Cost of sales 93,716
 72,559
 
 166,275
Restaurant wages and related expenses(1)
 65,652
 76,451
 
 142,103
Restaurant rent expense 13,024
 13,837
 
 26,861
Other restaurant operating expenses 38,270
 37,128
 
 75,398
Advertising expense 9,859
 8,187
 
 18,046
General and administrative expense(2)
 22,256
 18,767
 
 41,023
Adjusted EBITDA 42,520
 9,652
 
 52,172
Depreciation and amortization 16,117
 11,791
 
 27,908
Capital expenditures 17,656
 21,400
 867
 39,923
Identifiable Assets:        
September 29, 2019 $348,149
 $210,238
 $19,215
 $577,602
December 30, 2018 207,435
 174,681
 36,543
 418,659

(1) Includes stock-based compensation expense of $102 and $145 for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019, respectively, and $6 and $56 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively.
(2) Includes stock-based compensation expense of $509 and $1,993 for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019, respectively, and $732 and $2,588 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively.

19

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



A reconciliation of consolidated net income to Adjusted EBITDA follows:
Three Months Ended Pollo Tropical Taco Cabana Other Consolidated
September 29, 2019:        
Net loss       $(22,182)
Benefit from income taxes       (2,946)
Income (loss) before taxes $3,857
 $(28,985) $
 $(25,128)
Add:        
     Non-general and administrative expense adjustments:        
          Depreciation and amortization 5,529
 4,636
 
 10,165
          Impairment and other lease charges 165
 3,089
 
 3,254
Goodwill impairment 
 21,424
 
 21,424
          Interest expense 398
 425
 
 823
          Closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income 601
 125
 
 726
          Other expense (income), net 5
 59
 
 64
          Stock-based compensation expense in restaurant wages 39
 63
 
 102
                Total non-general and administrative expense adjustments 6,737
 29,821
 
 36,558
     General and administrative expense adjustments:        
          Stock-based compensation expense 268
 241
 
 509
          Digital and brand repositioning costs 118
 97
 
 215
               Total general and administrative expense adjustments 386
 338
 
 724
Adjusted EBITDA $10,980
 $1,174
 $
 $12,154
         
September 30, 2018:        
Net income       $2,047
Benefit from income taxes       (4,892)
Income (loss) before taxes $2,976
 $(5,821) $
 $(2,845)
Add:        
     Non-general and administrative expense adjustments:        
          Depreciation and amortization 5,438
 4,301
 
 9,739
          Impairment and other lease charges 3,295
 3,122
 
 6,417
          Interest expense 448
 476
 
 924
          Other expense (income), net (29) 76
 
 47
          Stock-based compensation expense in restaurant wages 4
 2
 
 6
                Total non-general and administrative expense adjustments 9,156
 7,977
 
 17,133
     General and administrative expense adjustments:        
          Stock-based compensation expense 407
 325
 
 732
          Restructuring costs and retention bonuses 5
 12
 
 17
               Total general and administrative expense adjustments 412
 337
 
 749
Adjusted EBITDA $12,544
 $2,493
 $
 $15,037
         
         
         
         
         


20

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



Nine Months Ended Pollo Tropical Taco Cabana Other Consolidated
September 29, 2019:        
Net loss       $(63,333)
Benefit from income taxes       (1,377)
Income (loss) before taxes $16,731
 $(81,441) $
 $(64,710)
Add:        
     Non-general and administrative expense adjustments:        
          Depreciation and amortization 16,118
 13,402
 
 29,520
          Impairment and other lease charges (162) 4,829
 
 4,667
          Goodwill impairment 
 67,909
 
 67,909
          Interest expense 1,534
 1,490
 
 3,024
          Closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income 2,784
 701
 
 3,485
          Other expense (income), net 749
 171
 
 920
          Stock-based compensation expense in restaurant wages 48
 97
 
 145
                Total non-general and administrative expense adjustments 21,071
 88,599
 
 109,670
     General and administrative expense adjustments:        
          Stock-based compensation expense 1,196
 797
 
 1,993
          Restructuring costs and retention bonuses 827
 137
 
 964
          Digital and brand repositioning costs 118
 97
 
 215
               Total general and administrative expense adjustments 2,141
 1,031
 
 3,172
Adjusted EBITDA $39,943
 $8,189
 $
 $48,132
         
September 30, 2018:        
Net income       $15,724
Benefit from income taxes       (246)
Income (loss) before taxes $21,901
 $(6,423) $
 $15,478
Add:        
     Non-general and administrative expense adjustments:        
          Depreciation and amortization 16,117
 11,791
 
 27,908
          Impairment and other lease charges 3,439
 3,100
 
 6,539
          Interest expense 1,467
 1,512
 
 2,979
          Other expense (income), net (1,577) (1,555) 
 (3,132)
          Stock-based compensation expense in restaurant wages 23
 33
 
 56
                Total non-general and administrative expense adjustments 19,469
 14,881
 
 34,350
     General and administrative expense adjustments:        
          Stock-based compensation expense 1,458
 1,130
 
 2,588
          Board and shareholder matter costs (328) (269) 
 (597)
          Restructuring costs and retention bonuses 187
 333
 
 520
          Legal settlements and related costs (167) 
 
 (167)
               Total general and administrative expense adjustments 1,150
 1,194
 
 2,344
Adjusted EBITDA $42,520
 $9,652
 $
 $52,172


21

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



9. Earnings (Loss) Per Share
Basic earnings (loss) per share ("EPS") is computed by dividing net income (loss) applicable to common shares by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during each period. Non-vested restricted shares contain a non-forfeitable right to receive dividends on a one-to-one per share ratio to common shares and are thus considered participating securities. The impact of the participating securities is included in the computation of basic EPS pursuant to the two-class method. The two-class method of computing EPS is an earnings allocation formula that determines earnings attributable to common shares and participating securities according to dividends declared (whether paid or unpaid) and participation rights in undistributed earnings. EPS is computed by dividing undistributed earnings allocated to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. In applying the two-class method, undistributed earnings are allocated to both common shares and non-vested restricted shares based on the weighted average shares outstanding during the period.
Diluted EPS reflects the potential dilution that could occur if the restricted stock units were to be converted into common shares. Restricted stock units with performance conditions are only included in the diluted EPS calculation to the extent that performance conditions have been met at the measurement date. Diluted EPS is computed by adjusting the basic weighted average number of common shares by the dilutive effect of the restricted stock units, determined using the treasury stock method.
For the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019, all shares of outstanding restricted stock units were excluded from the computation of diluted EPS because including such restricted stock units would have been antidilutive as a result of the net loss in the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019. Weighted average outstanding restricted stock units totaling 568 and 746 shares were excluded from the computation of diluted EPS for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 because including such restricted stock units would have been antidilutive.
The computation of basic and diluted EPS is as follows:
 Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
 September 29, 2019 September 30, 2018 September 29, 2019 September 30, 2018
Basic and diluted EPS:       
Net income (loss)$(22,182) $2,047
 $(63,333) $15,724
Less: income allocated to participating securities
 23
 
 171
Net income (loss) available to common shareholders$(22,182) $2,024
 $(63,333) $15,553
Weighted average common shares—basic26,548,116
 26,954,285
 26,734,822
 26,900,716
Restricted stock units
 4,589
 
 4,675
Weighted average common shares—diluted26,548,116
 26,958,874
 26,734,822
 26,905,391
        
Earnings (loss) per common share—basic$(0.84) $0.08
 $(2.37) $0.58
Earnings (loss) per common share—diluted(0.84) 0.08
 (2.37) 0.58

10. Commitments and Contingencies
Lease Assignments. Taco Cabana has assigned 3 leases to various parties on properties where it no longer operates restaurants with lease terms expiring on various dates through 2029. The assignees are responsible for making the payments required by the leases. The Company is a guarantor under one of the leases, and it remains secondarily liable as a surety with respect to two of the leases. Pollo Tropical assigned 1 lease to a third party on a property where it no longer operates with a lease term expiring in 2033. The assignee is responsible for making the payments required by the lease. The Company is a guarantor under the lease.
The maximum potential liability for future rental payments that the Company could be required to make under these leases at September 29, 2019 was $3.3 million. The Company could also be obligated to pay property taxes and other lease-related costs. The obligations under these leases will generally continue to decrease over time as the operating leases expire. The Company does not believe it is probable that it will be ultimately responsible for the obligations under these leases.
Legal Matters. The Company is a party to various litigation matters incidental to the conduct of business. The Company does not believe that the outcome of any of these matters will have a material effect on its consolidated financial statements.

22

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



11. Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-15, Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That is a Service Contract, which aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software (and hosting arrangements that include an internal-use software license). The guidance will be effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted and may be applied either retrospectively or prospectively to all implementation costs incurred after the date of adoption. The Company does not expect the standard to have a material effect on its financial statements.

23


ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following Management's Discussion and Analysis of financial condition and results of operations ("MD&A") is written to help the reader understand our company. The MD&A is provided as a supplement to, and should be read in conjunction with, our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the accompanying financial statement notes. Any reference to restaurants refers to company-owned restaurants unless otherwise indicated. Throughout this MD&A, we refer to Fiesta Restaurant Group, Inc., together with its consolidated subsidiaries, as "Fiesta," "we," "our" and "us."
We use a 52–53 week fiscal year ending on the Sunday closest to December 31. The fiscal year ended December 30, 2018 contained 52 weeks. The three and nine months ended September 29, 2019 and September 30, 2018 each contained thirteen and thirty-nine weeks, respectively. The fiscal year ending December 29, 2019 will contain 52 weeks.
Company Overview
We own, operate and franchise two restaurant brands, Pollo Tropical® and Taco Cabana®, which recently celebrated 30th and 40th anniversaries, respectively, of operating history and loyal customer bases. Our Pollo Tropical restaurants feature fire-grilled and crispy citrus marinated chicken and other freshly prepared tropical inspired menu items, while our Taco Cabana restaurants specialize in Mexican inspired food made fresh by hand. We believe that both brands offer distinct and unique flavors with broad appeal at a compelling value, which differentiates them in the competitive fast-casual and quick-service restaurant segments. Nearly all of our restaurants offer the convenience of drive-thru windows. As of September 29, 2019, we owned and operated 141 Pollo Tropical restaurants and 165 Taco Cabana restaurants.
We franchise our Pollo Tropical restaurants primarily internationally and as of September 29, 2019, we had 24 franchised Pollo Tropical restaurants located in Puerto Rico, the Bahamas, Panama and Guyana, and six licensed locations on college campuses and one at a hospital in Florida. We have agreements for the continued development of franchised Pollo Tropical restaurants in certain of our existing franchised markets.
As of September 29, 2019, we had six franchised Taco Cabana restaurants located in New Mexico and two non-traditional Taco Cabana licensed locations on college campuses in Texas.
Recent Events Affecting our Results of Operations
New Lease Accounting Standard
On December 31, 2018, we adopted Financial Accounting Standard Board ("FASB") Accounting Standard Update ("ASU") 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) ("ASC 842"), which requires lessee recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosure of key information about leasing arrangements. The new lease accounting standard, ASC 842, had a significant impact on our results of operations because we had $18.6 million in sale leaseback gains that we no longer receive a benefit to rent expense from and we have a significant number of closed restaurants for which we had previous closed restaurant rent reserves and would not have recognized current period expense under the previous accounting standard.
As a result of adopting this standard, substantially all previously deferred gains on sale-leaseback transactions were recognized as an adjustment to retained earnings and we will no longer receive the benefit to rent expense from amortizing these gains resulting in higher rent expense being recognized each period over the life of the respective leases. Additionally, prior to the adoption of ASC 842, we recorded closed restaurant reserves representing future minimum lease payments and ancillary costs from the date of the restaurant closure to the end of the remaining lease term net of estimated sublease recoveries when a restaurant closed, recorded expense related to accretion of the reserve each period, and recorded subsequent changes in the assumptions related to the sublease income to expense in the period in which the assumption changed. The subsequent closed restaurant rent payments were recorded as a reduction to the closed restaurant reserves, with no rent related expense being recorded in the period. As a result of adopting ASC 842, accrued rent included in these closed restaurant reserves was recorded as a reduction to operating lease right-of-use assets, and rent expense (the straight-line amortization of the right-of-use assets and accretion of the lease liability) related to closed restaurants is now included within closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income in the condensed consolidated statement of operations each period. The comparative period information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standard in effect for that period.
For the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019, the adoption of ASC 842 had the following impact:
Reduced both Adjusted EBITDA and Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA (a non-GAAP financial measure) for Pollo Tropical by $0.4 million and $1.1 million, respectively; and

24


Reduced both Adjusted EBITDA and Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA (a non-GAAP financial measure) for Taco Cabana by $0.5 million and $1.4 million, respectively.
Resulted in the recognition of additional rent related expense for closed restaurant locations of approximately $0.4 million and $1.3 million for Pollo Tropical, respectively.
Resulted in the recognition of less rent related expense for closed restaurant locations of approximately $(0.1) million and additional rent related expense for closed restaurant locations of approximately $0.3 million for Taco Cabana, respectively.
We recognized closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income, for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019 of approximately $0.6 million and $2.8 million, respectively, for Pollo Tropical and approximately $0.1 million and $0.7 million, respectively, for Taco Cabana. However, we did not recognize lease charges for subsequent changes in assumptions related to the timing of future sublease income.
Taco Cabana Goodwill Impairment
As of June 30, 2019, the sustained decrease in the market price of Fiesta's common stock was determined to be a triggering event requiring an interim impairment test of goodwill. In addition, in response to a further decrease in the market price of Fiesta's common stock and lower than expected profitability in the third quarter of 2019, we also performed an interim impairment test of goodwill as of September 29, 2019. Based on these interim impairment tests, we recorded non-cash impairment charges to write down the value of goodwill for the Taco Cabana reporting unit in the amount of $46.5 million, which was not tax deductible, in the second quarter of 2019 and $21.4 million, of which $9.1 million was tax deductible, in the third quarter of 2019.
Executive Summary—Consolidated Operating Performance for the Three Months Ended September 29, 2019
Our third quarter 2019 results and highlights include the following:
We recognized a net loss of $(22.2) million, or $(0.84) per diluted share, in the third quarter of 2019 compared to net income of $2.0 million, or $0.08 per diluted share in the third quarter of 2018, due primarily to a $21.4 million goodwill impairment charge for the Taco Cabana reporting unit, the adoption of ASC 842 discussed above, and higher depreciation and amortization and general and administrative expenses, partially offset by lower cost of sales and restaurant wages and related expenses as a percentage of restaurant sales and lower restaurant impairment and other lease charges in the third quarter of 2019. In addition, declines in comparable restaurant sales at both brands, including the impact of Hurricane Dorian at Pollo Tropical, contributed to the decrease in net income in the third quarter of 2019.
Total revenues decreased 6.0% in the third quarter of 2019 to $164.2 million compared to $174.6 million in the third quarter of 2018, driven by a decrease in comparable restaurant sales at both brands, and the net impact of opening new restaurants and closing 14 underperforming Pollo Tropical restaurants and 11 underperforming Taco Cabana restaurants in 2018. Comparable restaurant sales decreased 3.8% for our Pollo Tropical restaurants resulting from a decrease in comparable restaurant transactions of 2.7% accompanied by a decrease in average check of 1.1%. We estimate that Hurricane Dorian, which resulted in temporary restaurant closures, negatively impacted comparable restaurant sales for Pollo Tropical by approximately 1.5%. Comparable restaurant sales decreased 4.8% for our Taco Cabana restaurants resulting from a decrease in comparable restaurant transactions of 5.6% partially offset by an increase in average check of 0.8%.
Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA decreased $2.9 million (which includes the negative impact of a $0.8 million increase in rent expense as a result of adopting ASC 842) in the third quarter of 2019 to $12.2 million compared to $15.0 million in the third quarter of 2018, driven primarily by lower restaurant sales, including the impact of Hurricane Dorian, higher rent expense as a result of adopting ASC 842 and higher general and administrative expenses, partially offset by improved restaurant operating margins related to lower cost of sales and restaurant wages as a percent of sales. We estimate that Hurricane Dorian, which resulted in temporary restaurant closures, negatively affected Pollo Tropical and Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA by approximately $0.6 million. Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure of performance. For a discussion of our use of Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA and a reconciliation from net income to Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA, see "Management's Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures."
During the third quarter of 2019, we opened one Pollo Tropical restaurant in Florida.

25


Results of Operations
The following table summarizes the changes in the number and mix of Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana Company-owned and franchised restaurants.
 Pollo Tropical Taco Cabana
 Owned Franchised Total Owned Franchised Total
December 30, 2018139
 30
 169
 162
 8
 170
   New
 1
 1
 2
 
 2
   Closed
 
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2019139
 31
 170
 164
 8
 172
   New1
 
 1
 1
 
 1
   Closed
 
 
 
 
 
June 30, 2019140
 31
 171
 165
 8
 173
   New1
 
 1
 
 
 
   Closed
 
 
 
 
 
September 29, 2019141
 31
 172
 165
 8
 173
            
December 31, 2017146
 31
 177
 166
 7
 173
   New
 
 
 
 
 
   Closed
 
 
 
 
 
April 1, 2018146
 31
 177
 166
 7
 173
   New4
 
 4
 6
 1
 7
   Closed
 (1) (1) (2) 
 (2)
July 1, 2018150
 30
 180
 170
 8
 178
   New
 
 
 1
 
 1
   Closed
 
 
 
 
 
September 30, 2018150
 30
 180
 171
 8
 179
Three Months Ended September 29, 2019 Compared to Three Months Ended September 30, 2018
The following table sets forth, for the three months ended September 29, 2019 and September 30, 2018, selected consolidated operating results as a percentage of consolidated restaurant sales and select segment operating results as a percentage of applicable segment restaurant sales.
 Three Months Ended
 September 29, 2019 September 30, 2018 September 29, 2019 September 30, 2018 September 29, 2019 September 30, 2018
 Pollo Tropical Taco Cabana Consolidated
Restaurant sales:           
Pollo Tropical        54.0% 53.8%
Taco Cabana        46.0% 46.2%
Consolidated restaurant sales        100.0% 100.0%
Costs and expenses:           
Cost of sales32.0% 33.4% 31.6% 30.9% 31.8% 32.2%
Restaurant wages and related expenses23.7% 23.4% 31.2% 32.3% 27.2% 27.6%
Restaurant rent expense6.2% 4.7% 8.6% 5.9% 7.3% 5.2%
Other restaurant operating expenses14.5% 14.4% 15.1% 17.1% 14.8% 15.7%
Advertising expense3.5% 3.6% 4.3% 3.8% 3.9% 3.7%
Pre-opening costs0.1% 0.1% % 0.1% % 0.1%

26


Consolidated Revenues. Revenues include restaurant sales and franchise royalty revenues and fees. Restaurant sales consist of food and beverage sales, net of discounts, at our Company-owned restaurants. Franchise royalty revenues and fees represent ongoing royalty payments that are determined based on a percentage of franchisee sales and the amortization of initial franchise fees and area development fees associated with the opening of new franchised restaurants. Restaurant sales are influenced by new restaurant openings, closures of restaurants and changes in comparable restaurant sales.
Total revenues decreased 6.0% to $164.2 million in the third quarter of 2019 from $174.6 million in the third quarter of 2018. Restaurant sales decreased 6.0% to $163.6 million in the third quarter of 2019 from $174.0 million in the third quarter of 2018.
The following table presents the primary drivers of the decreases in restaurant sales for both Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana for the third quarter of 2019 compared to the third quarter of 2018 (in millions).
Pollo Tropical: 
Decrease in comparable restaurant sales$(3.4)
Decrease in sales related to closed restaurants, net of new restaurants(1.9)
   Total decrease$(5.3)
  
Taco Cabana: 
Decrease in comparable restaurant sales$(3.5)
Decrease in sales related to closed restaurants, net of new restaurants(1.6)
   Total decrease$(5.1)
Restaurants are included in comparable restaurant sales after they have been open for 18 months.
Comparable restaurant sales decreased 3.8% and 4.8% for Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana restaurants, respectively, in the third quarter of 2019. Increases or decreases in comparable restaurant sales result primarily from an increase or decrease in comparable restaurant transactions and in average check. Changes in average check are primarily driven by menu price increases net of discounts and promotions.
For Pollo Tropical, a decrease in comparable restaurant transactions of 2.7% was accompanied by a decrease in average check of 1.1% in the third quarter of 2019 compared to the third quarter of 2018. The decrease in average check was driven primarily by discounted pricing for Pollo Time, partially offset by menu price increases of 1.1%. As a result of new restaurant openings, sales cannibalization of existing restaurants negatively impacted comparable restaurant sales for Pollo Tropical by 0.8%. In addition, we estimate that Hurricane Dorian, which resulted in temporary restaurant closures, negatively impacted comparable restaurant sales for Pollo Tropical by approximately 1.5%.
For Taco Cabana, a decrease in comparable restaurant transactions of 5.6% was partially offset by an increase in average check of 0.8% in the third quarter of 2019 compared to the third quarter of 2018. The increase in average check was driven primarily by menu price increases of 1.4% and the introduction of higher priced shareables earlier in 2019, partially offset by discounted pricing for TC Time.
Franchise revenues remained flat in the third quarter of 2019 compared to the third quarter of 2018.
Operating costs and expenses. Operating costs and expenses include cost of sales, restaurant wages and related expenses, other restaurant expenses and advertising expenses. Cost of sales consists of food, paper and beverage costs including packaging costs, less rebates and purchase discounts. Cost of sales is generally influenced by changes in commodity costs, the sales mix of items sold and the effectiveness of our restaurant-level controls to manage food and paper costs. Key commodities, including chicken and beef, are generally purchased under contracts for future periods of up to one year.
Restaurant wages and related expenses include all restaurant management and hourly productive labor costs, employer payroll taxes, restaurant-level bonuses and related benefits. Payroll and related taxes and benefits are subject to inflation, including minimum wage increases and increased costs for health insurance, workers' compensation insurance and state unemployment insurance.
Other restaurant operating expenses include all other restaurant-level operating costs, the major components of which are utilities, repairs and maintenance, general liability insurance, sanitation, supplies and credit card fees. In addition, for periods prior to December 31, 2018, other restaurant operating expenses include real estate taxes related to our leases characterized as operating leases.

27


Advertising expense includes all promotional expenses including television, radio, billboards and other sponsorships and promotional activities and agency fees.
Pre-opening costs include costs incurred prior to opening a restaurant, including restaurant employee wages and related expenses, travel expenditures, recruiting, training, promotional costs associated with the restaurant opening and rent, including any non-cash rent expense recognized during the construction period. Pre-opening costs are generally incurred beginning four to six months prior to a restaurant opening.
The following tables present the primary drivers of the changes in the components of restaurant operating margins for Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana for the third quarter of 2019 compared to the third quarter of 2018. All percentages are stated as a percentage of applicable segment restaurant sales:
Pollo Tropical: 
Cost of sales: 
   Lower commodity costs(1.5)%
   Menu price increases(0.3)%
   Sales mix(0.3)%
   Higher promotions and discounts0.6 %
   Other0.1 %
      Net decrease in cost of sales as a percentage of restaurant sales(1.4)%
  
Restaurant wages and related expenses: 
   Higher labor costs for comparable restaurants(1)
1.1 %
   Lower labor costs due to restaurant closures, net of new restaurants(0.5)%
   Lower medical benefits costs(0.3)%
      Net increase in restaurant wages and related costs as a percentage of restaurant sales0.3 %
  
Other operating expenses: 
   Contracted cleaning services0.6 %
   Higher delivery fees0.5 %
   Real estate tax classification(2)
(0.9)%
   Lower repair and maintenance(0.3)%
   Other0.2 %
      Net increase in other restaurant operating expenses as a percentage of restaurant sales0.1 %
  
Advertising expense: 
   Timing of advertising(0.1)%
      Net decrease in advertising expense as a percentage of restaurant sales(0.1)%
  
Pre-opening costs: 
      Net change in pre-opening costs as a percentage of restaurant sales %
(1) Includes the impact of higher wage rates and overtime due to labor shortages.
(2) Due to the adoption of ASC 842, real estate taxes are included in rent expense in 2019 and in other operating expenses in 2018.



28


Taco Cabana: 
Cost of sales: 
   Menu offering improvement and higher commodity costs1.8 %
   Higher promotions and discounts0.2 %
   Sales mix(0.7)%
   Menu price increases(0.5)%
   Operating efficiency(0.1)%
      Net increase in cost of sales as a percentage of restaurant sales0.7 %
  
Restaurant wages and related expenses: 
   Lower labor costs(1)
(0.5)%
   Lower medical benefit costs(0.4)%
   Lower incentive bonus(0.3)%
   Other0.1 %
      Net decrease in restaurant wages and related costs as a percentage of restaurant sales(1.1)%
  
Other operating expenses: 
   Real estate tax classification(2)
(1.6)%
   Lower security costs(0.3)%
   Lower utility costs(0.1)%
   Higher delivery fees0.3 %
   Other(0.3)%
      Net decrease in other restaurant operating expenses as a percentage of restaurant sales(2.0)%
  
Advertising expense: 
   Timing of advertising0.5 %
      Net increase in advertising expense as a percentage of restaurant sales0.5 %
  
Pre-opening costs: 
   Decrease in the number of restaurant openings(0.1)%
      Net decrease in pre-opening costs as a percentage of restaurant sales(0.1)%
(1) Improved staffing utilization, partially offset by higher wage rates and overtime due to labor shortages.
(2) Due to the adoption of ASC 842, real estate taxes are included in rent expense in 2019 and in other operating expenses in 2018.
Consolidated Restaurant Rent Expense. Beginning December 31, 2018, restaurant rent expense includes base rent, contingent rent and common area maintenance and property taxes related to our leases characterized as operating leases. For periods prior to the adoption of ASC 842 on December 31, 2018, restaurant rent expense included base rent and contingent rent on our leases characterized as operating leases, reduced by amortization of gains on sale-leaseback transactions. Restaurant rent expense, as a percentage of total restaurant sales, increased to 7.3% in the third quarter of 2019 from 5.2% in the third quarter of 2018 due primarily to a $0.8 million increase in rent expense as a result of no longer amortizing gains on sale-leaseback transactions, the inclusion of property taxes and common area maintenance costs related to our leases characterized as operating leases, and the impact of lower comparable restaurant sales.
Consolidated General and Administrative Expenses. General and administrative expenses are comprised primarily of (1) salaries and expenses associated with the development and support of our company and brands and the management oversight of the operation of our restaurants; and (2) legal, auditing and other professional fees and stock-based compensation expense.
General and administrative expenses were $13.8 million for the third quarter of 2019 and $13.3 million for the third quarter of 2018, and as a percentage of total revenues, general and administrative expenses increased to 8.4% in the third quarter of 2019 compared to 7.6% in the third quarter of 2018, due primarily to the impact of lower total revenues on higher general and administrative expenses for the third quarter of 2019, including higher incentive compensation costs due to the timing of incentive compensation accrual adjustments and investments in off-premise support in 2019. General and administrative expenses for the

29


third quarter of 2019 included $0.2 million related to digital and brand repositioning costs and $0.2 million related to search fees for senior executive positions. General and administrative expenses for the third quarter of 2018 included $0.4 million in costs related to discontinuing certain services and $0.4 million related to system implementation and project-oriented advisory services.
Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA is the primary measure of segment profit or loss used by our chief operating decision maker for purposes of allocating resources to our segments and assessing their performance and is defined as earnings attributable to the applicable segment before interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, impairment and other lease charges, goodwill impairment, closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income, stock-based compensation expense, other expense (income), net and certain significant items that management believes are related to strategic changes and/or are not related to the ongoing operation of our restaurants.
Adjusted EBITDA may not necessarily be comparable to other similarly titled captions of other companies due to differences in methods of calculation. Adjusted EBITDA for each of our segments includes an allocation of general and administrative expenses associated with administrative support for executive management, information systems and certain finance, legal, supply chain, human resources, construction, and other administrative functions. Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure of performance. For a discussion of our use of Adjusted EBITDA and Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA and a reconciliation from net income to Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA, see the heading entitled "Management's Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures."
Adjusted EBITDA for Pollo Tropical decreased to $11.0 million (which includes the negative impact of a $0.4 million increase in rent expense as a result of adopting ASC 842) in the third quarter of 2019 from $12.5 million in the third quarter of 2018 due primarily to the impact of lower restaurant sales, including the impact of Hurricane Dorian, higher rent expense, contracted cleaning services, delivery fees and general and administrative expenses, and higher restaurant wages and related expenses as a percentage of restaurant sales, partially offset by lower cost of sales as a percentage of restaurant sales. Adjusted EBITDA for Taco Cabana decreased to $1.2 million (which includes the negative impact of a $0.5 million increase in rent expense as a result of adopting ASC 842) in the third quarter of 2019 from $2.5 million in the third quarter of 2018 due primarily to the impact of lower restaurant sales and higher rent, general and administrative expenses and advertising expense and higher cost of sales as a percentage of sales, partially offset by lower restaurant wages and related expenses as a percentage of restaurant sales. Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA decreased to $12.2 million in the third quarter of 2019 from $15.0 million in the third quarter of 2018.
Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA. We also use Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure, as a supplemental measure to evaluate the performance and profitability of our restaurants in the aggregate, which is defined as Adjusted EBITDA excluding franchise royalty revenues and fees, pre-opening costs and general and administrative expenses (including corporate-level general and administrative expenses).
Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA for Pollo Tropical decreased to $17.8 million (which includes the negative impact a $0.4 million increase in rent expense as a result of adopting ASC 842) in the third quarter of 2019 from $19.1 million in the third quarter of 2018 primarily due to the foregoing. Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA for Taco Cabana decreased to $6.9 million (which includes the negative impact of a $0.5 million increase in rent expense as a result of adopting ASC 842) in the third quarter of 2019 from $8.0 million in the third quarter of 2018 primarily as a result of the foregoing. For a reconciliation from Adjusted EBITDA to Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA, see the heading entitled "Management's Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures."
Depreciation and Amortization. Depreciation and amortization expense increased to $10.2 million in the third quarter of 2019 from $9.7 million in the third quarter of 2018 due primarily to increased depreciation related to new restaurant openings and ongoing reinvestment and enhancements to our restaurants, partially offset by a decrease in depreciation as a result of impairing closed restaurant assets.
Impairment and Other Lease Charges. Impairment and other lease charges decreased to $3.3 million in the third quarter of 2019 from $6.4 million in the third quarter of 2018.
Impairment and other lease charges for the three months ended September 29, 2019 for Pollo Tropical include impairment charges of $0.2 million related primarily to additional impairment of equipment from previously closed restaurants. Impairment and other lease charges for the three months ended September 29, 2019 for Taco Cabana include impairment charges of $3.1 million related primarily to assets for five underperforming restaurants that we continue to operate and equipment from previously impaired restaurants.
Impairment and other lease charges for the three months ended September 30, 2018 for Pollo Tropical included impairment charges of $3.4 million related primarily to impairment of three underperforming restaurants that we continued to operate and a benefit of $(0.1) million in net lease charge recoveries related to certain previously closed restaurants due to adjustments to estimates of future lease costs. Impairment and other lease charges for the three months ended September 30, 2018 for Taco Cabana included impairment charges of $2.4 million related primarily to impairment of five underperforming restaurants that we continued to

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operate and other lease charges, net of recoveries, of $0.7 million, due primarily to lease charges related to an office relocation in the third quarter of 2018 and other lease charges, net of recoveries, related to previously closed restaurants due to adjustments to estimates of future lease costs.
Each quarter we assess the potential impairment of any long-lived assets that have experienced a triggering event, including restaurants for which the related trailing twelve month cash flows are below a certain threshold. We determine if there is impairment at the restaurant level by comparing undiscounted future cash flows from the related long-lived assets to their respective carrying values. In determining future cash flows, significant estimates are made by us with respect to future operating results of each restaurant over its remaining lease term, including sales trends, labor rates, commodity costs and other operating cost assumptions. If assets are determined to be impaired, the impairment charge is measured by calculating the amount by which the asset carrying amount exceeds its fair value. This process of assessing fair values requires the use of estimates and assumptions, including our ability to sell or reuse the related assets and market conditions, which are subject to a high degree of judgment. If these assumptions change in the future, we may be required to record impairment charges for these assets and these charges could be material.
For one Pollo Tropical restaurant and nine Taco Cabana restaurants with combined carrying values (excluding right-of-use lease assets) of $2.2 million and $2.2 million, respectively, projected cash flows are not substantially in excess of their carrying values. In addition, one Pollo Tropical restaurant and one Taco Cabana restaurant with carrying values (excluding right-of-use lease assets) of $1.8 million and $2.0 million, respectively, have initial sales volumes lower than expected, but do not have significant operating history to form a good basis for future projections. If the performance of these restaurants does not improve as projected, an impairment charge could be recognized in future periods, and such charge could be material.
Goodwill Impairment. Goodwill impairment was $21.4 million for the third quarter of 2019 and consisted of a non-cash impairment charge to write down the value of goodwill for the Taco Cabana reporting unit.
Closed Restaurant Rent Expense, Net of Sublease Income. Closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income for the third quarter of 2019 consisted of closed restaurant rent and ancillary lease costs of $1.6 million and $0.3 million net of sublease income of $1.0 million and $0.2 million for Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana, respectively. Prior to the adoption of ASC 842, we recorded closed restaurant reserves representing future minimum lease payments and ancillary costs from the date of the restaurant closure to the end of the remaining lease term net of estimated sublease recoveries when a restaurant closed and recorded subsequent changes in the assumptions related to the sublease income to expense in the period in which the assumptions changed. The subsequent rent payments were recorded as a reduction to the closed restaurant reserves, with no rent expense being recorded in the period. See "New Lease Accounting Standard" under "Recent Events Affecting our Results of Operations."
Other Expense (Income), Net. Other expense, net was $0.1 million for the third quarter of 2019 and primarily consisted of $0.1 million for the write-off of site development costs. Other expense, net was less than $0.1 million for the third quarter of 2018 and primarily consisted of $0.3 million in insurance recoveries related to Hurricane Irma offset by the write-off of site development costs of $0.1 million and costs for the removal, transfer and storage of equipment from closed restaurants of $0.2 million.
Interest Expense. Interest expense decreased to $0.8 million in the third quarter of 2019 compared to $0.9 million in the third quarter of 2018 due to a lower borrowing level under our senior credit facility and a lower applicable margin on outstanding borrowings.
Benefit from Income Taxes. The effective tax rate was 11.7% and 172.0% for the third quarter of 2019 and 2018, respectively. The provision for income taxes for the third quarter of 2019 was derived using an estimated annual effective tax rate of 27.2%, which excludes the discrete impact of tax benefits of $(2.1) million from tax deductible goodwill impairment charges and $(0.4) million from interest on an income tax refund and a tax deficiency from the vesting of restricted shares of $0.2 million. The benefit from income taxes for the third quarter of 2018 was derived using an estimated annual effective tax rate of 23.4%, which excluded the discrete impact of a tax deficiency from the vesting of restricted shares of $0.2 million  and an adjustment resulting from changes in our 2017 federal income tax return from the amounts recorded as of December 31, 2017 of $4.1 million, which includes the $3.9 million impact of revaluing changes in our deferred tax assets.
Net Income (Loss). As a result of the foregoing, we had a net loss of $22.2 million in the third quarter of 2019 compared to net income of $2.0 million in the third quarter of 2018.

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Nine Months Ended September 29, 2019 Compared to Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018
The following table sets forth, for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 and September 30, 2018, selected consolidated operating results as a percentage of consolidated restaurant sales and select segment operating results as a percentage of applicable segment restaurant sales:
 Nine Months Ended
 September 29, 2019 September 30, 2018 September 29, 2019 September 30, 2018 September 29, 2019 September 30, 2018
 Pollo Tropical Taco Cabana Consolidated
Restaurant sales:           
Pollo Tropical        54.5% 54.6%
Taco Cabana        45.5% 45.4%
Consolidated restaurant sales        100.0% 100.0%
Costs and expenses:           
Cost of sales31.6% 33.1% 31.0% 30.8% 31.3% 32.0%
Restaurant wages and related expenses23.3% 23.2% 31.6% 32.5% 27.1% 27.4%
Restaurant rent expense6.0% 4.6% 8.4% 5.9% 7.1% 5.2%
Other restaurant operating expenses13.5% 13.5% 14.0% 15.8% 13.7% 14.5%
Advertising expense3.4% 3.5% 3.7% 3.5% 3.6% 3.5%
Pre-opening costs0.1% 0.2% 0.2% 0.3% 0.2% 0.3%
Total revenues decreased 3.7% to $501.5 million in the nine months ended September 29, 2019 from $521.0 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2018. Restaurant sales decreased 3.8% to $499.5 million in the nine months ended September 29, 2019 from $519.0 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2018.
The following table presents the primary drivers of the decreases in restaurant sales for both Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2018 (in millions):
Pollo Tropical: 
Decrease in comparable restaurant sales$(6.8)
Decrease in sales related to closed restaurants, net of new restaurants(4.7)
   Total decrease$(11.5)
  
Taco Cabana: 
Decrease in comparable restaurant sales$(6.2)
Decrease in sales related to closed restaurants, net of new restaurants(1.8)
   Total decrease$(8.0)
Comparable restaurant sales for Pollo Tropical restaurants decreased 2.5% in the nine months ended September 29, 2019. Comparable restaurant sales for Taco Cabana restaurants decreased 2.8% in the nine months ended September 29, 2019.
For Pollo Tropical, a decrease in comparable restaurant transactions of 3.3% was partially offset by an increase in average check of 0.8% in the nine months ended September 29, 2019 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2018. The increase in average check was driven primarily by menu price increases of 2.0%, partially offset by discounted pricing for Pollo Time. As a result of new restaurant openings, sales cannibalization of existing restaurants negatively impacted comparable restaurant sales for Pollo Tropical by 1.0% in the nine months ended September 29, 2019 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2018. In addition, we estimate that Hurricane Dorian negatively impacted comparable restaurant sales for Pollo Tropical by approximately 0.5%.
For Taco Cabana, a decrease in comparable restaurant transactions of 5.3% was partially offset by an increase in average check of 2.5% in the nine months ended September 29, 2019 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2018. The increase in average check was driven primarily by menu price increases of 2.4% and the introduction of higher priced shareables in 2019.
Franchise revenues remained flat in the nine months ended September 29, 2019 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2018.

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The following tables present the primary drivers of the changes in the components of restaurant operating margins for Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2018. All percentages are stated as a percentage of applicable segment restaurant sales.

Pollo Tropical: 
Cost of sales: 
   Lower commodity costs(1.7)%
   Menu price increases(0.6)%
   Higher promotions and discounts0.4 %
   Sales mix0.2 %
   Operating inefficiency0.1 %
   Other0.1 %
      Net decrease in cost of sales as a percentage of restaurant sales(1.5)%
  
Restaurant wages and related expenses: 
   Higher labor costs for comparable restaurants(1)
0.7 %
   Lower labor costs due to restaurant closures, net of new restaurants(0.5)%
   Lower incentive bonus(0.1)%
      Net increase in restaurant wages and related costs as a percentage of restaurant sales0.1 %
  
Other operating expenses: 
   Real estate tax classification(2)
(0.9)%
   Contracted cleaning services0.6 %
   Higher delivery fees0.3 %
      Net change in other restaurant operating expenses as a percentage of restaurant sales %
  
Advertising expense: 
   Decreased advertising(0.1)%
      Net decrease in advertising expense as a percentage of restaurant sales(0.1)%
  
Pre-opening costs: 
   Decrease in the number of restaurant openings(0.1)%
      Net decrease in pre-opening costs as a percentage of restaurant sales(0.1)%
(1) Includes the impact of higher wage rates and overtime due to labor shortages.
(2) Due to the adoption of ASC 842, real estate taxes are included in rent expense in 2019 and in other operating expenses in 2018.




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Taco Cabana: 
Cost of sales: 
   Menu offering improvement and higher commodity costs1.3 %
   Higher promotions and discounts0.4 %
   Menu price increases(0.8)%
   Sales mix(0.6)%
   Operating efficiency(0.2)%
   Other0.1 %
      Net increase in cost of sales as a percentage of restaurant sales0.2 %
  
Restaurant wages and related expenses: 
   Lower labor costs(1)
(0.4)%
   Lower incentive bonus(0.3)%
   Lower medical benefit costs(0.1)%
   Other(0.1)%
      Net decrease in restaurant wages and related costs as a percentage of restaurant sales(0.9)%
  
Other operating expenses: 
   Real estate tax classification(2)
(1.6)%
   Lower utility costs(0.2)%
   Lower security costs(0.2)%
   Higher delivery fees0.2 %
      Net decrease in other restaurant operating expenses as a percentage of restaurant sales(1.8)%
  
Advertising expense: 
   Increased advertising0.2 %
      Net increase in advertising expense as a percentage of restaurant sales0.2 %
  
Pre-opening costs: 
   Timing of restaurant openings(0.1)%
      Net decrease in pre-opening costs as a percentage of restaurant sales(0.1)%
(1) Improved staffing utilization, partially offset by higher wage rates and overtime due to labor shortages.
(2) Due to the adoption of ASC 842, real estate taxes are included in rent expense in 2019 and in other operating expenses in 2018.
Consolidated Restaurant Rent Expense. Beginning December 31, 2018, restaurant rent expense includes base rent, contingent rent and common area maintenance and property taxes related to our leases characterized as operating leases. For periods prior to the adoption of ASC 842 on December 31, 2018, restaurant rent expense included base rent and contingent rent on our leases characterized as operating leases, reduced by amortization of gains on sale-leaseback transactions. Restaurant rent expense, as a percentage of total restaurant sales, increased to 7.1% in the nine months ended September 29, 2019 from 5.2% in the nine months ended September 30, 2018 due primarily to a $2.5 million increase in rent expense as a result of no longer amortizing gains on sale-leaseback transactions, the inclusion of property taxes and common area maintenance costs related to our leases characterized as operating leases, and the impact of lower comparable restaurant sales.
Consolidated General and Administrative Expenses. General and administrative expenses were $42.4 million for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 and $41.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and, as a percentage of total revenues, general and administrative expenses increased to 8.5% in the nine months ended September 29, 2019 compared to 7.9% in the nine months ended September 30, 2018 due primarily to the impact of lower total revenues on higher general and administrative expenses in the nine months ended September 29, 2019 including investments in off-premise support in 2019. General and administrative expense for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 also included $1.0 million related to restructuring costs due to eliminated or relocated positions, $0.2 million related to digital and brand repositioning costs and $0.4 million related to search fees for senior executive positions. General and administrative expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2018

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included the benefit of fee reductions and final insurance recoveries totaling $0.6 million related to 2017 shareholder activism costs and reductions to final settlement amounts related to a litigation matter of $0.2 million, partially offset by $0.5 million in Strategic Renewal Plan restructuring costs and retention bonuses, $0.4 million in costs related to discontinuing certain services and $0.8 million related to system implementation and project-oriented advisory services.
Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA for Pollo Tropical decreased to $39.9 million (which includes the negative impact of a $1.1 million increase in rent expense as a result of adopting ASC 842) in the nine months ended September 29, 2019 from $42.5 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2018 due primarily to the impact of lower restaurant sales, including the impact of Hurricane Dorian, and higher rent expense, contracted cleaning services, delivery fees and general and administrative expenses, partially offset by lower cost of sales as a percentage of restaurant sales. Adjusted EBITDA for Taco Cabana decreased to $8.2 million (which includes the negative impact of a $1.4 million increase in rent expense as a result of adopting ASC 842) in the nine months ended September 29, 2019 from $9.7 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2018 due primarily to the impact of lower restaurant sales and higher rent expense and general and administrative expenses, partially offset by lower restaurant wages and related expenses as a percentage of restaurant sales. Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA decreased to $48.1 million in the nine months ended September 29, 2019 from $52.2 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2018.
Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA. Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA for Pollo Tropical decreased to $60.4 million (which includes the negative impact of a $1.1 million increase in rent expense as a result of adopting ASC 842) in the nine months ended September 29, 2019 from $62.9 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2018 due primarily to the foregoing. Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA for Taco Cabana decreased to $25.9 million (which includes the negative impact of a $1.4 million increase in rent expense as a result of adopting ASC 842) in the nine months ended September 29, 2019 from $27.4 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2018 as a result of the foregoing. For a reconciliation from Adjusted EBITDA to Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA, see the heading entitled "Management's Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures."
Depreciation and Amortization. Depreciation and amortization expense increased to $29.5 million in the nine months ended September 29, 2019 from $27.9 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2018 due primarily to increased depreciation related to new restaurant openings and ongoing reinvestment and enhancements to our restaurants, partially offset by a decrease in depreciation as a result of impairing closed restaurant assets.
Impairment and Other Lease Charges. Impairment and other lease charges decreased to $4.7 million in the nine months ended September 29, 2019 from $6.5 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2018.
Impairment and other lease charges for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 for Pollo Tropical include impairment charges of $0.6 million related primarily to additional impairment of equipment from previously closed restaurants and a lease charge recoveries benefit related to previously closed restaurant lease terminations of $(0.8) million. Impairment and other lease charges for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 for Taco Cabana include impairment charges of $4.9 million related primarily to impairment of assets for eight underperforming restaurants that we continue to operate, equipment from previously impaired restaurants and a lease charge recoveries benefit related to previously closed restaurant lease terminations of $(0.1) million.
Impairment and other lease charges for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 for Pollo Tropical include impairment charges of $3.6 million related primarily to impairment of three underperforming restaurants that we continued to operate, and a benefit of $(0.1) million in net lease charge recoveries related to certain previously closed restaurants due to adjustments to estimates of future lease costs. Impairment and other lease charges for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 for Taco Cabana include impairment charges of $2.6 million related primarily to impairment of five underperforming restaurants that we continued to operate, and other lease charges, net of recoveries, of $0.5 million, due primarily to lease charges related to an office relocation in the third quarter of 2018 and other lease charges, net of recoveries, related to previously closed restaurants due to adjustments to estimates of future lease costs.
Goodwill Impairment. Goodwill impairment was $67.9 million for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 and consisted of non-cash impairment charges to write down the value of goodwill for the Taco Cabana reporting unit.
Closed Restaurant Rent Expense, Net of Sublease Income. Closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 consisted of closed restaurant rent and ancillary lease costs of $5.1 million and $1.1 million net of sublease income of $2.4 million and $0.4 million for Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana, respectively. Prior to the adoption of ASC 842, we recorded closed restaurant reserves representing future minimum lease payments and ancillary costs from the date of the restaurant closure to the end of the remaining lease term net of estimated sublease recoveries when a restaurant closed and recorded subsequent changes in the assumptions related to the sublease income to expense in the period in which the assumptions changed. The subsequent rent payments were recorded as a reduction to the closed restaurant reserves, with no rent expense being recorded in the period. See "New Lease Accounting Standard" under "Recent Events Affecting our Results of Operations."

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Other Expense (Income), Net. Other expense, net was $0.9 million for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 and primarily consisted of $0.7 million in costs for the removal, transfer and storage of equipment from closed restaurants and $0.1 million for the write-off of site development costs. Other income, net of $3.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 primarily consisted of $3.1 million in insurance recoveries related to the Hurricanes and total gains of $1.2 million on the sales of three restaurant properties, partially offset by the write-off of site development costs of $0.5 million and costs for the removal, transfer and storage of equipment from closed restaurants of $0.7 million.
Interest Expense. Interest expense remained flat for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2018.
Benefit from Income Taxes. The effective tax rate was 2.1% for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 and (1.6)% for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. The provision for income taxes for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 was derived using an estimated annual effective tax rate of 27.2%, which excludes the discrete impact of tax benefits of $(2.1) million from tax deductible goodwill impairment charges and $(0.4) million from interest on an income tax refund and a tax deficiency from the vesting of restricted shares of $0.2 million. The benefit from income taxes for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 was derived using an estimated effective annual income tax rate of 23.4%, which excludes the discrete impact of a tax deficiency from the vesting of restricted shares of $0.2 million and an adjustment resulting from changes in our 2017 federal income tax return from the amounts recorded as of December 31, 2017 of $4.1 million, which includes the $3.9 million impact of revaluing changes in our deferred tax assets.
Net Income (Loss). As a result of the foregoing, we had a net loss of $63.3 million for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 compared to net income of $15.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
We do not have significant receivables or inventory and receive trade credit based upon negotiated terms in purchasing food products and other supplies. We are able to operate with a substantial working capital deficit because:
restaurant operations are primarily conducted on a cash basis;
rapid turnover results in a limited investment in inventories; and
cash from sales is usually received before related liabilities for food, supplies and payroll become due.
Capital expenditures and payments related to our lease obligations represent significant liquidity requirements for us. We believe cash generated from our operations and availability of borrowings under our senior credit facility will provide sufficient cash availability to cover our anticipated working capital needs, capital expenditures and debt service requirements for the next twelve months.
Operating Activities. Net cash provided by operating activities in the first nine months of 2019 and 2018 was $51.0 million and $44.3 million, respectively. The increase in net cash provided by operating activities in the nine months ended September 29, 2019 was primarily driven by the receipt of a tax refund, partially offset by a decrease in Adjusted EBITDA and the timing of payments. We accelerated the timing of certain payments at the end of the third quarter of 2019 due to the transition to a new financial system as of September 30, 2019.
Investing Activities. Net cash used in investing activities in the first nine months of 2019 and 2018 was $32.3 million and $34.4 million, respectively. Capital expenditures are the largest component of our investing activities and include: (1) new restaurant development, which may include the purchase of real estate; (2) restaurant remodeling/reimaging, which includes the renovation or rebuilding of the interior and exterior of our existing restaurants; (3) other restaurant capital expenditures, which include capital maintenance expenditures for the ongoing reinvestment and enhancement of our restaurants; and (4) corporate and restaurant information systems.

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The following table sets forth our capital expenditures for the periods presented (dollars in thousands).
 
Pollo
Tropical
 
Taco
Cabana
 Other Consolidated
Nine Months Ended September 29, 2019:       
New restaurant development$6,822
 $3,859
 $
 $10,681
Restaurant remodeling182
 186
 
 368
Other restaurant capital expenditures(1)
8,626
 7,219
 
 15,845
Corporate and restaurant information systems2,565
 3,718
 896
 7,179
Total capital expenditures$18,195
 $14,982
 $896
 $34,073
Number of new restaurant openings2
 3
   5
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018:       
New restaurant development$9,439
 $8,458
 $
 $17,897
Restaurant remodeling18
 216
 
 234
Other restaurant capital expenditures(1)
6,029
 9,507
 
 15,536
Corporate and restaurant information systems2,170
 3,219
 867
 6,256
Total capital expenditures$17,656
 $21,400
 $867
 $39,923
Number of new restaurant openings4
 7
 
 11
(1) Excludes restaurant repair and maintenance expenses included in other restaurant operating expenses in our consolidated financial statements. For the nine months ended September 29, 2019 and September 30, 2018, total restaurant repair and maintenance expenses were approximately $16.8 million and $17.7 million, respectively.
Cash used in investing activities in the first nine months of 2019 included net proceeds from the sale of one restaurant property of $1.8 million. Cash used in investing activities in the first nine months of 2018 included net proceeds from the sales of three restaurant properties of $4.7 million. In addition, in the first nine months of 2018, we received property damage insurance proceeds totaling $0.8 million related to a closed Taco Cabana restaurant that suffered flood damages due to Hurricane Harvey and a Taco Cabana restaurant that was temporarily closed due to a fire.
Total capital expenditures in 2019 are expected to be in the lower half of the previous $45.0 million to $55.0 million range, including $11.0 million to $13.0 million for the development of new restaurants.
Total capital expenditures in 2020 are expected to be approximately $5.0 million to $10.0 million lower than the current year due primarily to lower levels of new equipment and facility enhancements and fewer new Company-owned restaurant openings.
Financing Activities. Net cash used in financing activities in the first nine months of 2019 was $20.5 million and included net revolving credit borrowing repayments under our senior credit facility of $9.0 million combined with $11.4 million in payments to repurchase our common stock. Net revolving credit borrowing repayments included a $5.0 million short-term borrowing related to the acceleration of certain payments due to the transition to a new financial system as of September 30, 2019. Net cash used in financing activities in the first nine months of 2018 included net revolving credit borrowing repayments under our senior credit facility of $5.0 million combined with $2.5 million in payments to repurchase our common stock.
Senior Credit Facility. Our senior credit facility provides for aggregate revolving credit borrowings of up to $150.0 million (including up to $15.0 million available for letters of credit) and matures on November 30, 2022. The senior credit facility also provides for potential incremental increases of up to $50.0 million to the revolving credit borrowings available under the senior credit facility. On September 29, 2019, there were $69.0 million in outstanding revolving credit borrowings under our senior credit facility.
Borrowings under the senior credit facility bear interest at a per annum rate, at our option, equal to either (all terms as defined in the senior credit facility):
1)the Alternate Base Rate plus the applicable margin of 0.75% to 1.50% based on our Adjusted Leverage Ratio (with a margin of 1.00% as of September 29, 2019), or
2)the LIBOR Rate plus the applicable margin of 1.75% to 2.50% based on our Adjusted Leverage Ratio (with a margin of 2.00% as of September 29, 2019).
In addition, the senior credit facility requires us to pay (i) a commitment fee based on the applicable Commitment Fee rate of 0.25% to 0.35%, based on our Adjusted Leverage Ratio, (with a rate of 0.30% as of September 29, 2019) and the unused portion

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of the facility and (ii) a letter of credit fee based on the applicable LIBOR margin and the dollar amount of outstanding letters of credit.
All obligations under the senior credit facility are guaranteed by all of our material domestic subsidiaries. In general, our obligations under our senior credit facility and our subsidiaries' obligations under the guarantees are secured by a first priority lien and security interest on substantially all of our assets and the assets of our material subsidiaries (including a pledge of all of the capital stock and equity interests of our material subsidiaries), other than certain specified assets, including real property owned by us or our subsidiaries.
The outstanding borrowings under the senior credit facility are prepayable subject to breakage costs as defined in the senior credit facility. The senior credit facility requires us to comply with customary affirmative, negative and financial covenants, including, without limitation, those limiting our and our subsidiaries’ ability to (i) incur indebtedness, (ii) incur liens, (iii) loan, advance, or make acquisitions and other investments or other commitments to construct, acquire or develop new restaurants (subject to certain exceptions), (iv) pay dividends, (v) redeem and repurchase equity interests (subject to certain exceptions), (vi) conduct asset and restaurant sales and other dispositions (subject to certain exceptions), (vii) conduct transactions with affiliates and (viii) change our business. In addition, the senior credit facility requires us to maintain certain financial ratios, including minimum Fixed Charge Coverage and maximum Adjusted Leverage Ratios (all as defined under the senior credit facility).
Our senior credit facility contains customary default provisions, including without limitation, a cross default provision pursuant to which it is an event of default under this facility if there is a default under any of our indebtedness having an outstanding principal amount of $5.0 million or more which results in the acceleration of such indebtedness prior to its stated maturity or is caused by a failure to pay principal when due.
As of September 29, 2019, we were in compliance with the covenants under our senior credit facility. After reserving $3.7 million for letters of credit issued under the senior credit facility, $77.3 million was available for borrowing under the senior credit facility at September 29, 2019.
Share Repurchase Plan Modification
On November 5, 2019, we announced that our board of directors approved an increase to our share repurchase program of an additional 1.0 million shares of common stock from the previously announced 2.0 million shares of our common stock, consisting of 1.5 million shares approved on February 26, 2018 and 0.5 million shares approved on August 7, 2019. As of November 5, 2019, we had purchased a total of 1,176,895 shares of common stock and, following this increase, 1,823,105 shares of common stock remain available for purchase under our share repurchase program.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements and Contractual Obligations
We have no off-balance sheet arrangements. Prior to the adoption of ASC 842, off-balance sheet arrangements consisted of our operating leases, which are primarily for our restaurant properties, and are now included in other current liabilities and operating lease liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of September 29, 2019.
There have been no significant changes outside the ordinary course of business to our contractual obligations since December 30, 2018. Information regarding our contractual obligations is included under "Contractual Obligations" in Part II, Item 7, "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 30, 2018.
Inflation
The inflationary factors that have historically affected our results of operations include increases in food and paper costs, labor and other operating expenses and energy costs. Labor costs in our restaurants are impacted by changes in the federal and state hourly minimum wage rates as well as changes in payroll related taxes, including federal and state unemployment taxes. We typically attempt to offset the effect of inflation, at least in part, through periodic menu price increases and various cost reduction programs. However, no assurance can be given that we will be able to fully offset such inflationary cost increases in the future.
Application of Critical Accounting Policies
Our unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Preparing consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses. These estimates and assumptions are affected by the application of our accounting policies. Our significant accounting policies are described in the "Basis of Presentation" footnote in the notes to our consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 30, 2018 included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 30, 2018. Critical accounting estimates are those

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that require application of management's most difficult, subjective or complex judgments, often as a result of matters that are inherently uncertain and may change in subsequent periods. There have been no material changes affecting our critical accounting policies for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 other than the lease accounting and evaluation of goodwill policies included below.
Lease Accounting. As discussed in Note 6 to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, we adopted ASU 2016-02: Leases (ASC 842), the new lease accounting standard, as of as of December 31, 2018 using the modified retrospective method, with certain optional practical expedients including the transition practical expedient package, which among other things does not require reassessment of lease classification. Judgments made by management for our lease obligations include the determination of our incremental borrowing rate, the determination of stand alone selling prices used to allocate the consideration in the contract, and the length of the lease term, which includes the determination of renewal options that are reasonably assured. The lease term can affect the classification of a lease as finance or operating for accounting purposes, the amount of the lease liability and corresponding right-of-use lease asset recognized, the term over which related leasehold improvements for each restaurant are amortized and any rent holidays and/or changes in rental amounts for recognizing rent expense over the term of the lease. These judgments may produce materially different amounts of depreciation, amortization and rent expense than would be reported if different assumed lease terms were used.
We use our estimated incremental borrowing rate in determining the present value of lease payments for purposes of determining lease classification and recording lease liabilities and lease assets on our consolidated balance sheet. Our incremental borrowing rate is determined based on a synthetic credit rating, determined using a valuation model, adjusted to reflect a secured credit rating and a developed spread curve applied to a risk-free rate yield curve. Changes in the determination of our incremental borrowing rate could also have an impact on the depreciation and interest expense recognized for finance leases.
Evaluation of Goodwill. We must evaluate our recorded goodwill for impairment annually or more frequently when events and circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may be impaired. We have elected to conduct our annual impairment review of goodwill assets as of the last day of our fiscal year. As of June 30, 2019, we determined that a triggering event had occurred due to a sustained decrease in the market price of our common stock and performed an interim impairment test. In addition, in response to a further decrease in the market price of our common stock and lower than expected profitability in the third quarter of 2019, we performed an impairment test as of September 29, 2019. As discussed in Note 1 to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, we adopted ASU No. 2017-04, Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment in the second quarter of 2019, which eliminates the requirement to calculate the implied fair value of goodwill if the fair value of a reporting unit is less than the carrying amount of the reporting unit. Instead, if the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, an impairment loss will be recognized in an amount equal to that excess, limited to the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. We early adopted this new accounting standard and performed our interim impairment test in accordance with ASU 2017-04. Our interim impairment tests at June 30, 2019 and September 29, 2019 indicated there was impairment as of those dates.
In reviewing goodwill for impairment, we compare the net book values of our reporting units to their estimated fair values. In determining the estimated fair values of the reporting units, we employ a combination of a discounted cash flow analysis based on management's best estimates of future cash flows and one or two market-based approaches. The results of these analyses are corroborated with other value indicators where available, such as comparable company earnings multiples. This evaluation of goodwill requires us to make estimates and assumptions to determine the fair value of our reporting units including projections regarding future operating results, anticipated growth rates, the weighted average cost of capital used to discount projected cash flows, and market multiples. For our Pollo Tropical reporting unit, the fair value exceeded the carrying value of the reporting unit by a substantial amount. For our Taco Cabana reporting unit, a lower profitability and growth outlook reduced the income-based and market-based approach fair value. As a result, the carrying value exceeded the fair value of the reporting unit, and we recognized impairment charges to write down the carrying value of our Taco Cabana reporting unit goodwill of $46.5 million in the second quarter of 2019 and $21.4 million in the third quarter of 2019. As of September 29, 2019, our Taco Cabana reporting unit goodwill has no remaining carrying value. See Note 4 to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
The estimates and assumptions used to determine fair value may differ from actual future events and if these estimates or related projections change in the future, we may be required to record material impairment charges for goodwill assets.

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Management's Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. We use Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA in addition to net income and income from operations to assess our performance, and we believe it is important for investors to be able to evaluate us using the same measures used by management. We believe this measure is an important indicator of our operational strength and the performance of our business. Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA as calculated by us is not necessarily comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies, and should not be considered as an alternative to net income, earnings per share, cash flows from operating activities or other financial information determined under GAAP.
The primary measure of segment profit or loss used by the chief operating decision maker to assess performance and allocate resources is Adjusted EBITDA, which is defined as earnings attributable to the applicable operating segments before interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, impairment and other lease charges, goodwill impairment, closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income, stock-based compensation expense, other expense (income), net, and certain significant items for each segment that management believes are related to strategic changes and/or are not related to the ongoing operation of our restaurants as set forth in the reconciliation table below. Adjusted EBITDA for each of our segments includes an allocation of general and administrative expenses associated with administrative support for executive management, information systems and certain finance, legal, supply chain, human resources, construction and other administrative functions. See Note 8 to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
We also use Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA as a supplemental measure to evaluate the performance and profitability of our restaurants in the aggregate, which is defined as Adjusted EBITDA for the applicable segment excluding franchise royalty revenues and fees, pre-opening costs and general and administrative expenses (including corporate-level general and administrative expenses). Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA is also a non-GAAP financial measure.
Management believes that Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA and Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA, when viewed with our results of operations calculated in accordance with GAAP and our reconciliation of net income to Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA and Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA (i) provide useful information about our operating performance and period-over-period changes, (ii) provide additional information that is useful for evaluating the operating performance of our business and (iii) permit investors to gain an understanding of the factors and trends affecting our ongoing earnings, from which capital investments are made and debt is serviced. However, such measures are not measures of financial performance or liquidity under GAAP and, accordingly, should not be considered as alternatives to net income or cash flow from operating activities as indicators of operating performance or liquidity. Also these measures may not be comparable to similarly titled captions of other companies.
All such financial measures have important limitations as analytical tools. These limitations include the following:
such financial information does not reflect our capital expenditures, future requirements for capital expenditures or contractual commitments to purchase capital equipment;
such financial information does not reflect interest expense or the cash requirements necessary to service payments on our debt;
although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets that we currently depreciate and amortize will likely have to be replaced in the future, and such financial information does not reflect the cash required to fund such replacements; and
such financial information does not reflect the effect of earnings or charges resulting from matters that our management does not consider to be indicative of our ongoing operations. However, some of these charges and gains (such as impairment and other lease charges, closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income, other income and expense and stock-based compensation expense) have recurred and may recur.

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A reconciliation from consolidated net income to Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA follows (in thousands):
  Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
  September 29, 2019 September 30, 2018 September 29, 2019 September 30, 2018
         
Net income (loss) $(22,182) $2,047
 $(63,333) $15,724
Benefit from income taxes (2,946) (4,892) (1,377) (246)
Income (loss) before taxes (25,128) (2,845) (64,710) 15,478
Add:        
     Non-general and administrative expense adjustments:        
          Depreciation and amortization 10,165
 9,739
 29,520
 27,908
          Impairment and other lease charges 3,254
 6,417
 4,667
 6,539
Goodwill impairment 21,424
 
 67,909
 
          Interest expense 823
 924
 3,024
 2,979
          Closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income 726
 
 3,485
 
          Other expense (income), net 64
 47
 920
 (3,132)
          Stock-based compensation expense in restaurant wages 102
 6
 145
 56
                Total non-general and administrative expense adjustments 36,558
 17,133
 109,670
 34,350
     General and administrative expense adjustments:        
          Stock-based compensation expense 509
 732
 1,993
 2,588
          Board and shareholder matter costs(1)
 
 
 
 (597)
          Restructuring costs and retention bonuses(2)
 
 17
 964
 520
          Legal settlements and related costs(3)
 
 
 
 (167)
          Digital and brand repositioning costs(4)
 215
 
 215
 
               Total general and administrative expense adjustments 724
 749
 3,172
 2,344
Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA $12,154
 $15,037
 $48,132
 $52,172
(1) Board and shareholder matter costs for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 included fee reductions and final insurance recoveries related to 2017 shareholder activism costs. 
(2) Restructuring costs and retention bonuses for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019 include severance related to eliminated positions. Restructuring costs and retention bonuses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 include severance related to the Strategic Renewal Plan and reduction in force and bonuses paid to certain employees for retention purposes.
(3) Legal settlements and related costs for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 included reductions to final settlement amounts and benefits related to litigation matters.
(4) Digital and brand repositioning costs for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019 include consulting costs related to repositioning the digital experience for our customers.


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A reconciliation from Adjusted EBITDA to Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended Pollo Tropical Taco Cabana
September 29, 2019:    
Adjusted EBITDA $10,980
 $1,174
Restaurant-level adjustments:    
          Add: Pre-opening costs 68
 9
          Add: Other general and administrative expense(1)
 7,135
 5,961
          Less: Franchise royalty revenue and fees 432
 227
Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA $17,751
 $6,917
     
September 30, 2018:    
Adjusted EBITDA $12,544
 $2,493
Restaurant-level adjustments:    
          Add: Pre-opening costs 134
 89
          Add: Other general and administrative expense(1)
 6,878
 5,657
          Less: Franchise royalty revenue and fees 453
 229
Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA $19,103
 $8,010
     
Nine Months Ended Pollo Tropical Taco Cabana
September 29, 2019:    
Adjusted EBITDA $39,943
 $8,189
Restaurant-level adjustments:    
          Add: Pre-opening costs 307
 556
          Add: Other general and administrative expense(1)
 21,427
 17,788
          Less: Franchise royalty revenue and fees 1,325
 673
Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA $60,352
 $25,860
     
September 30, 2018:    
Adjusted EBITDA $42,520
 $9,652
Restaurant-level adjustments:    
          Add: Pre-opening costs 699
 782
          Add: Other general and administrative expense(1)
 21,105
 17,573
          Less: Franchise royalty revenue and fees 1,376
 632
Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA $62,948
 $27,375
(1) Excludes general and administrative adjustments included in Adjusted EBITDA.

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Forward Looking Statements
Matters discussed in this report and in our public disclosures, whether written or oral, relating to future events or our future performance, including any discussion, expressed or implied, regarding our intention to repurchase shares from time to time under the share repurchase program and the source of funding of such repurchases, our anticipated growth, operating results, future earnings per share, plans, objectives, and the impact of our investments in our Strategic Renewal Plan (the "Plan") and other business initiatives on future sales and earnings, contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, (the "Exchange Act"). These statements are often identified by the words "believe," "positioned," "estimate," "project," "plan," "goal," "target," "assumption," "continue," "intend," "expect," "future," "anticipate," and other similar expressions, whether in the negative or the affirmative, that are not statements of historical fact. These forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve certain risks, uncertainties, and assumptions that are difficult to predict, and you should not place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements. Our actual results and the timing of certain events could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors, including, but not limited to, those set forth under "Risk Factors" and elsewhere in this report and in our other public filings with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). All forward-looking statements and the internal projections and beliefs upon which we base our expectations included in this report or other periodic reports represent our estimates as of the date made and should not be relied upon as representing our estimates as of any subsequent date. While we may elect to update forward-looking statements at some point in the future, we expressly disclaim any obligation to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise.


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ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
Commodity Price Risk
We purchase certain products which are affected by commodity prices and are, therefore, subject to price volatility caused by weather, market conditions and other factors which are not considered predictable or within our control. Although many of the products purchased are subject to changes in commodity prices, certain purchasing contracts or pricing arrangements have been negotiated in advance to minimize price volatility. Where possible, we use these types of purchasing techniques to control costs as an alternative to using financial instruments to hedge commodity prices. In many cases, we believe we will be able to address commodity cost increases that are significant and appear to be long-term in nature by adjusting our menu pricing. However, long-term increases in commodity prices may result in lower restaurant-level operating margins.
There were no material changes from the information presented in Item 7A included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 30, 2018 with respect to our market risk sensitive instruments.
ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
Disclosure Controls and Procedures. Our senior management is responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act")), designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission's rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by an issuer in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the issuer's management, including its principal executive officer or officers and principal financial officer or officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures. We have evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this report, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as well as other key members of our management. Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of September 29, 2019.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting. No change occurred in our internal control over financial reporting during the third quarter of 2019 that materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings

We are a party to various litigation matters incidental to the conduct of business. We do not believe that the outcome of any of these matters will have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations or financial condition.

Item 1A. Risk Factors
Part 1—Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 30, 2018 describes important factors that could cause our actual operating results to differ materially from those indicated or suggested by forward-looking statements made in this Form 10-Q or presented elsewhere by management from time-to-time. There have been no material changes from the risk factors previously disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 30, 2018.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
On February 26, 2018, we announced that our board of directors approved a share repurchase program for up to 1.5 million shares of our common stock. On August 7, 2019, we announced that our board of directors approved an increase to the share repurchase program of an additional 500,000 shares of our common stock. Under the share repurchase program, shares may be repurchased from time to time in open market transactions at prevailing market prices, in privately negotiated transactions or by other means in accordance with federal securities laws, including Rule 10b-18 under the Exchange Act. The number of shares repurchased and the timing of repurchases will depend on a number of factors, including, but not limited to, stock price, trading

44


volume, general market and economic conditions, and other corporate considerations. The share repurchase program has no time limit and may be modified, suspended, superseded or terminated at any time by our board of directors.
The following table sets forth information with respect to repurchases of our common stock during the quarter ended September 29, 2019:
Period 
Total Number of
Shares Purchased
(1)
 Average Price
Paid
per Share
 Total Number of
Shares Purchased as
Part of Publicly
Announced Plans or
Programs
 Maximum Number of Shares that
May Yet Be Purchased
Under the Plans or
Programs
July 1, 2019 to July 28, 2019 
 $
 
 1,729,373
July 29, 2019 to September 1, 2019 500,000
 9.90
 500,000
 1,229,373
September 2, 2019 to September 29, 2019 406,268
 10.31
 406,268
 823,105
Total 906,268
 $10.08
 906,268
 
(1) Shares purchased in open market transactions.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
None.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Not applicable.
Item 5. Other Information

None.

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Item 6. Exhibits
(a) The following exhibits are filed as part of this report.
   
Exhibit
No.
  
   
 
   
 
   
 
  
 
  
 
  
 
  
101.INS XBRL Instance Document—the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document
  
101.SCH Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
  
101.CAL Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
  
101.DEF Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
  
101.LAB Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
  
101.PRE Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
   
 

+ Compensatory plan or arrangement


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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
  
Date: November 5, 2019/S/    RICHARD C. STOCKINGER
 (Signature)
 
Richard C. Stockinger
Chief Executive Officer
  
Date: November 5, 2019/S/    DIRK MONTGOMERY
 (Signature)
 Dirk Montgomery
Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer
  
Date: November 5, 2019/S/    CHERI KINDER
 (Signature)
 Cheri Kinder
Vice President, Corporate Controller and Chief Accounting Officer


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