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Fiesta Restaurant (FRGI)

Filed: 4 Nov 20, 5:21pm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, DC 20549 
__________________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
__________________________________________________________
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 27, 2020
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number: 001-35373 
__________________________________________________________
FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
__________________________________________________________
DE90-0712224
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
14800 Landmark Boulevard, Suite 50075254
DallasTX(Zip Code)
(Address of principal executive office) 
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (972) 702-9300
__________________________________________________________
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each Class Trading Symbol Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share FRGI NASDAQ Global Select Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒  No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ☒    No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer", "accelerated filer", "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated FilerAccelerated Filer
    
Non-accelerated FilerSmaller Reporting Company
   
  Emerging Growth Company



If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ☐    No  ☒
As of October 29, 2020, Fiesta Restaurant Group, Inc. had 25,920,828 shares of its common stock, $0.01 par value, outstanding.



FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
QUARTER ENDED SEPTEMBER 27, 2020
 

1


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. INTERIM CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
(Unaudited)
 September 27, 2020 December 29, 2019
ASSETS   
Current assets:   
Cash$17,997
 $13,413
Accounts receivable8,457
 7,933
Inventories3,281
 3,394
Prepaid rent115
 117
Income tax receivable11,121
 3,821
Prepaid expenses and other current assets13,287
 10,605
Total current assets54,258
 39,283
Property and equipment, net174,551
 211,944
Operating lease right-of-use assets258,913
 251,272
Goodwill56,307
 56,307
Other assets7,739
 9,835
Total assets$551,768
 $568,641
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY   
Current liabilities:   
Current portion of long-term debt$262
 $212
Accounts payable28,950
 14,776
Accrued payroll, related taxes and benefits9,599
 9,866
Accrued real estate taxes7,959
 6,497
Other current liabilities34,174
 32,269
Total current liabilities80,944
 63,620
Long-term debt, net of current portion41,586
 76,823
Operating lease liabilities265,356
 256,798
Deferred tax liabilities5,311
 4,759
Other non-current liabilities12,646
 8,405
Total liabilities405,843
 410,405
Commitments and contingencies

 

Stockholders' equity:   
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; 20,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued0
 0
Common stock, $0.01 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized, 27,914,555 and 27,461,697 shares issued, respectively, and 25,291,941 and 25,612,597 shares outstanding, respectively273
 271
Additional paid-in capital175,614
 173,132
Retained earnings (accumulated deficit)(9,183) 1,884
Treasury stock, at cost; 1,993,495 and 1,493,495 shares, respectively(20,779) (17,051)
Total stockholders' equity145,925
 158,236
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$551,768
 $568,641

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
2


FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
THREE AND NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 27, 2020 AND SEPTEMBER 29, 2019
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
 September 27, 2020 September 29, 2019 September 27, 2020 September 29, 2019
Revenues:       
Restaurant sales$136,819
 $163,589
 $404,452
 $499,483
Franchise royalty revenues and fees513
 659
 1,447
 1,998
Total revenues137,332
 164,248
 405,899
 501,481
Costs and expenses:       
Cost of sales41,752
 52,056
 125,835
 156,324
Restaurant wages and related expenses (including stock-based compensation expense of $47, $102, $152 and $145, respectively)35,545
 44,459
 109,787
 135,261
Restaurant rent expense11,174
 11,970
 33,792
 35,613
Other restaurant operating expenses21,138
 24,153
 61,638
 68,429
Advertising expense2,033
 6,385
 9,959
 17,789
General and administrative (including stock-based compensation expense of $597, $509, $2,332 and $1,993, respectively)11,855
 13,820
 38,527
 42,387
Depreciation and amortization9,432
 10,165
 28,427
 29,520
Pre-opening costs0
 77
 69
 863
Impairment and other lease charges2,404
 3,254
 8,922
 4,667
Goodwill impairment0
 21,424
 0
 67,909
Closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income1,481
 726
 4,943
 3,485
Other expense (income), net(1,304) 64
 388
 920
Total operating expenses135,510
 188,553
 422,287
 563,167
Income (loss) from operations1,822
 (24,305) (16,388) (61,686)
Interest expense1,172
 823
 3,370
 3,024
Loss on extinguishment of debt212
 0
 212
 0
Income (loss) before income taxes438
 (25,128) (19,970) (64,710)
Benefit from income taxes(4,155) (2,946) (8,903) (1,377)
Net income (loss)$4,593
 $(22,182) $(11,067) $(63,333)
Earnings (loss) per common share:       
Basic$0.18
 $(0.84) $(0.44) $(2.37)
Diluted0.18
 (0.84) (0.44) (2.37)
Weighted average common shares outstanding:       
Basic25,290,357
 26,548,116
 25,359,004
 26,734,822
Diluted25,291,719
 26,548,116
 25,359,004
 26,734,822


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
3


FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
THREE AND NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 27, 2020 AND SEPTEMBER 29, 2019
(In thousands, except share data) 
(Unaudited)

 Common Stock Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 Retained
Earnings
(Accumulated Deficit)
 Treasury
Stock
 Total
Stockholders'
Equity
 Shares Amount    
Balance at December 30, 201826,858,988
 $270
 $170,290
 $72,268
 $(2,769) $240,059
Stock-based compensation
 
 792
 
 
 792
Vesting of restricted shares68,286
 0
 (1) 
 
 (1)
Cumulative effect of adopting a new accounting standard
 
 
 14,002
 
 14,002
Purchase of treasury stock(158,269) 
 
 
 (2,199) (2,199)
Net income
 
 
 2,289
 
 2,289
Balance at March 31, 201926,769,005
 270
 171,081
 88,559
 (4,968) 254,942
Stock-based compensation
 
 735
 
 
 735
Vesting of restricted shares57,547
 1
 (1) 
 
 0
Net loss
 
 
 (43,440) 
 (43,440)
Balance at June 30, 201926,826,552
 271
 171,815
 45,119
 (4,968) 212,237
Stock-based compensation
 
 611
 
 
 611
Vesting of restricted shares6,277
 0
 0
 
 
 0
Purchase of treasury stock(906,268) 
 
 
 (9,158) (9,158)
Net loss
 
 
 (22,182) 
 (22,182)
Balance at September 29, 201925,926,561
 $271
 $172,426
 $22,937
 $(14,126) $181,508
            
            
Balance at December 29, 201925,612,597
 $271
 $173,132
 $1,884
 $(17,051) $158,236
Stock-based compensation
 
 812
 
 
 812
Vesting of restricted shares73,998
 0
 0
 
 
 0
Purchase of treasury stock(500,000) 
 
 
 (3,728) (3,728)
Net loss
 
 
 (7,317) 
 (7,317)
Balance at March 29, 202025,186,595
 271
 173,944
 (5,433) (20,779) 148,003
Stock-based compensation
 
 1,028
 
 
 1,028
Vesting of restricted shares101,661
 2
 (2) 
 
 0
Net loss
 
 
 (8,343) 
 (8,343)
Balance at June 28, 202025,288,256
 273
 174,970
 (13,776) (20,779) 140,688
Stock-based compensation
 
 644
 
 
 644
Vesting of restricted shares3,685
 0
 0
 
 
 0
Net income
 
 
 4,593
 
 4,593
Balance at September 27, 202025,291,941
 $273
 $175,614
 $(9,183) $(20,779) $145,925




The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
4


FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 27, 2020 AND SEPTEMBER 29, 2019
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 Nine Months Ended
 September 27, 2020 September 29, 2019
Operating activities:   
Net loss$(11,067) $(63,333)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:   
Gain on disposals of property and equipment(1,047) (6)
Stock-based compensation2,484
 2,138
Impairment and other lease charges8,922
 4,667
Goodwill impairment0
 67,909
Loss on extinguishment of debt212
 0
Depreciation and amortization28,427
 29,520
Amortization of deferred financing costs261
 203
Deferred income taxes552
 (2,112)
Changes in other operating assets and liabilities18,230
 11,988
Net cash provided by operating activities46,974
 50,974
Investing activities:   
Capital expenditures:   
New restaurant development(1,846) (10,681)
Restaurant remodeling(1,087) (368)
Other restaurant capital expenditures(5,847) (15,845)
Corporate and restaurant information systems(3,136) (7,179)
Total capital expenditures(11,916) (34,073)
Proceeds from disposals of properties2,864
 1,774
Proceeds from insurance recoveries0
 42
Proceeds from sale-leaseback transactions6,284
 0
Net cash used in investing activities(2,768) (32,257)
Financing activities:   
Borrowings on revolving credit facility154,143
 21,000
Repayments on revolving credit facility(189,225) (30,000)
Borrowings of unsecured debt15,000
 0
Repayments of unsecured debt(15,000) 0
Principal payments on finance leases(166) (109)
Financing costs associated with debt amendment(646) 0
Payments to purchase treasury stock(3,728) (11,357)
Net cash used in financing activities(39,622) (20,466)
Net change in cash4,584
 (1,749)
Cash, beginning of period13,413
 5,258
Cash, end of period$17,997
 $3,509

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
5

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



1. Basis of Presentation
Business Description. Fiesta Restaurant Group, Inc. ("Fiesta Restaurant Group" or "Fiesta") owns, operates and franchises 2 restaurant brands through its wholly-owned subsidiaries Pollo Operations, Inc. and its subsidiaries, Pollo Franchise, Inc. (collectively "Pollo Tropical"), and Taco Cabana, Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively "Taco Cabana"). Unless the context otherwise requires, Fiesta and its subsidiaries, Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana, are collectively referred to as the "Company." At September 27, 2020, the Company owned and operated 138 Pollo Tropical® restaurants and 145 Taco Cabana® restaurants. All of the Pollo Tropical restaurants are located in Florida and all of the Taco Cabana restaurants are located in Texas. At September 27, 2020, the Company franchised a total of 33 Pollo Tropical restaurants and 7 Taco Cabana restaurants. The franchised Pollo Tropical restaurants include 17 in Puerto Rico, 4 in Panama, 2 in Guyana, 1 in Ecuador, 1 in the Bahamas, 7 on college campuses and 1 at a hospital in Florida. The franchised Taco Cabana restaurants include 6 in New Mexico and 1 on a college campus in Texas.
The COVID-19 pandemic has affected and is continuing to affect the restaurant industry and the economy. In response to COVID-19 and in compliance with governmental restrictions, the Company closed the dining room seating areas in all Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana restaurants, limiting service to take-out, drive-thru, and delivery operations beginning in mid-March 2020. During the second quarter of 2020, certain restrictions were lifted and the Company opened certain dining rooms on a limited basis; however, it temporarily closed all dining rooms on July 12, 2020, in response to increased COVID-19 infection rates in both Texas and Florida. The Company began re-opening certain dining rooms and patios with limited capacity and hours at both brands and the state of Florida removed restaurant capacity restrictions in late September 2020. The Company expects the COVID-19 restrictions and economic impact to result in reduced earnings. As the COVID-19 situation is dynamic, the Company does not currently know when it will resume full operations or when its results of operations will return to pre-COVID-19 levels.
Basis of Consolidation. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements presented herein reflect the consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows of Fiesta and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Fiscal Year. The Company uses a 52–53 week fiscal year ending on the Sunday closest to December 31. The fiscal year ended December 29, 2019 contained 52 weeks. The three and nine months ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019 each contained thirteen and thirty-nine weeks, respectively. The fiscal year ending January 3, 2021 will contain 53 weeks.
Basis of Presentation. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019 have been prepared without an audit pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and do not include certain information and footnotes required by U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP") for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all normal and recurring adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of such financial statements have been included. The results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.
These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 29, 2019 included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 29, 2019. The December 29, 2019 balance sheet data is derived from those audited financial statements.
Guidance Adopted in 2020. In August 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2018-15, Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That is a Service Contract, which aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software (and hosting arrangements that include an internal-use software license). The Company adopted this new accounting standard on December 30, 2019 and will apply it prospectively to all implementation costs incurred after the date of adoption. The adoption of this standard did not have a material effect on the Company's financial statements. The Company deferred and amortized application development stage costs for cloud-based computing arrangements over the life of the related service (subscription) agreement in the same line item that the fees associated with the subscription arrangement were presented prior to adoption of the new standard.

6

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



Revenue Recognition. Revenue is recognized upon transfer of promised products or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company received in exchange for those products or services. Revenues from the Company's owned and operated restaurants are recognized when payment is tendered at the time of sale. Franchise royalty revenues are based on a percentage of gross sales and are recorded as income when earned. Initial franchise fees and area development fees associated with new franchise agreements are not distinct from the continuing rights and services offered by the Company during the term of the related franchise agreements and are recognized as income over the term of the related franchise agreements. A portion of the initial franchise fee is allocated to training services and is recognized as revenue when the Company completes the training services.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date under current market conditions. In determining fair value, the accounting standards establish a three-level hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value as follows: Level 1 inputs are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities; Level 2 inputs are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, including quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities; and Level 3 inputs are unobservable and reflect management's own assumptions. The following methods were used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instruments for which it is practicable to estimate the fair value:
Current Assets and Liabilities. The carrying values reported on the balance sheet of cash, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate fair value because of the short maturity of those financial instruments.
Revolving Credit Borrowings. The Company's senior credit facility was amended on July 10, 2020. The fair value of outstanding revolving credit borrowings under the Company's senior secured revolving credit facility (the "senior credit facility") and the amended senior secured revolving credit facility (the "amended senior credit facility"), which is considered Level 2, is based on current LIBOR rates. The fair value of the amended senior credit facility and senior credit facility was approximately $39.9 million at September 27, 2020 and $75.0 million at December 29, 2019, respectively. The carrying value of the amended senior credit facility and senior credit facility was $39.9 million at September 27, 2020 and $75.0 million at December 29, 2019, respectively.
Long-Lived Assets. The Company assesses the recoverability of property and equipment and definite-lived intangible assets, including right-of-use ("ROU") lease assets, by determining whether the carrying value of these assets can be recovered over their respective remaining lives through undiscounted future operating cash flows. Impairment is reviewed whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amounts of these assets may not be fully recoverable. See Note 3—Impairment of Long-Lived Assets and Other Lease Charges.
Leases. The Company assesses whether an agreement contains a lease at inception. All leases are reviewed for finance or operating classification once control is obtained. The majority of the Company's leases are operating leases. Operating leases are included within operating lease right-of-use assets, other current liabilities, and operating lease liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Finance leases are included within property and equipment, net, current portion of long-term debt, and long-term debt, net of current portion in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
ROU assets represent the Company's right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent the obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Operating lease ROU assets and liabilities are recognized at commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. The operating lease ROU asset also includes any lease payments made in advance and is reduced by lease incentives received. As most leases do not provide an implicit rate, the Company uses its incremental borrowing rate at commencement date in determining the present value of lease payments. Lease terms include options to extend the lease when it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise that option. The Company assumes options are reasonably certain to be exercised when such options are required to achieve a minimum 20-year lease term for new restaurant properties and when it incurs significant leasehold improvement costs near the end of a lease term. The Company uses judgment and available data to allocate consideration in a contract when it leases land and a building. The Company also uses judgment in determining its incremental borrowing rate, which includes selecting a yield curve based on a synthetic credit rating determined using a valuation model. Lease expense for lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term unless the related ROU asset has been adjusted for an impairment charge. The Company has real estate lease agreements with lease and non-lease components, which are accounted for as a single lease component.
As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic the Company entered into rent deferral agreements with approximately 185 landlords as of September 27, 2020. Under these agreements, certain rent payments are deferred without penalty for various periods, generally for up to three months. The Company also entered into 2 limited abatement agreements. The Company has elected to account for lease concessions and deferrals resulting directly from COVID-19 as though the enforceable rights and obligations to the

7

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



concessions and deferrals existed in the respective contracts at lease inception and did not account for the concessions and deferrals as lease modifications.
During the third quarter of 2020, the Company sold 2 restaurant properties for total proceeds of $6.3 million in sale-leaseback transactions that resulted in a total gain of $1.5 million, which is recognized in other expense (income), net in the condensed consolidated statements of operations, and a financial liability of $0.5 million, which is recognized in other current and non-current liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheet.
Use of Estimates. The preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the financial statements. Estimates also affect the reported amounts of expenses during the reporting periods. Significant items subject to such estimates and assumptions include: insurance liabilities, evaluation for impairment of goodwill and long-lived assets, lease accounting matters, and deferred income tax assets. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Due to the uncertainty associated with the unprecedented nature of the COVID-19 pandemic and the impact it will have on the Company's operations and future cash flows, it is reasonably possible that the estimates of future cash flows used in impairment assessments will change in the near term and the effect of the change could be material. The Company's current estimates assume that operating restrictions, regulations and directives for restaurants and other changes related to COVID-19 will continue to have a significant impact through at least the first half of 2021 with the greatest impact in the near term.

2. Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets
Prepaid expenses and other current assets consist of the following:
 September 27, 2020 December 29, 2019
Prepaid contract expenses$3,591
 $4,410
Assets held for sale(1)
7,098
 4,110
Other2,598
 2,085
 $13,287
 $10,605

(1)
As of September 27, 2020, 2 closed Pollo Tropical restaurant properties and 1 operating and 2 closed Taco Cabana restaurant properties owned by the Company were classified as held for sale. As of December 29, 2019, 1 closed Pollo Tropical restaurant property and 2 closed Taco Cabana restaurant properties owned by the Company were classified as held for sale.

3. Impairment of Long-Lived Assets and Other Lease Charges
The Company reviews its long-lived assets, principally property and equipment and lease ROU assets, for impairment at the restaurant level. The Company has elected to exclude operating lease payments and liabilities from future cash flows and carrying values, respectively, in its impairment review. In addition to considering management's plans, known regulatory or governmental actions and damage due to acts of God (hurricanes, tornadoes, etc.), the Company considers a triggering event to have occurred related to a specific restaurant if the restaurant's cash flows, exclusive of operating lease payments, for the last twelve months are less than a minimum threshold or if consistent levels of cash flows for the remaining lease period are less than the carrying value of the restaurant's assets. If an indicator of impairment exists for any of its assets, an estimate of undiscounted future cash flows, exclusive of operating lease payments, over the life of the primary asset for each restaurant is compared to that long-lived asset group's carrying value, excluding operating lease liabilities. If the carrying value is greater than the undiscounted cash flow, the Company then determines the fair value of the asset and if an asset is determined to be impaired, the loss is measured by the excess of the carrying amount of the asset over its fair value. There is uncertainty in the projected undiscounted future cash flows used in the Company's impairment review analysis. If actual performance does not achieve the projections, the Company may recognize impairment charges in future periods, and such charges could be material.

8

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



A summary of impairment of long-lived assets and other lease charges (recoveries) recorded by segment is as follows:
 Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
 September 27, 2020 September 29, 2019 September 27, 2020 September 29, 2019
Pollo Tropical$2,395
 $165
 $8,023
 $(162)
Taco Cabana9
 3,089
 899
 4,829
 $2,404
 $3,254
 $8,922
 $4,667

Impairment and other lease charges for the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020 for Pollo Tropical include impairment charges of $2.6 million and $7.3 million, respectively, and other lease charges (gains) of $(0.2) million and $0.7 million, respectively. Pollo Tropical impairment charges for the three months ended September 27, 2020 related primarily to the write-down of saucing islands and self-service soda machines that are being removed from dining rooms as a result of COVID-19. For the nine months ended September 27, 2020, impairment charges also include the impairment of assets from 3 underperforming Pollo Tropical restaurants, 2 of which were closed in the third quarter of 2020, for which continued sales declines coupled with the impact of expected sales declines resulted in a decrease in the estimated future cash flows and the write-down of assets held for sale to their fair value less costs to sell. For the three months ended September 27, 2020, other lease charges for Pollo Tropical related primarily to a gain from lease terminations of $(0.2) million. For the nine months ended September 27, 2020, other lease charges also included lease termination charges of $0.9 million for restaurant locations the Company decided not to develop. Impairment and other lease charges for the nine months ended September 27, 2020 for Taco Cabana include impairment charges of $1.1 million, and a gain from a lease termination of $(0.2) million. Taco Cabana impairment charges for the nine months ended September 27, 2020, related primarily to the write-down of assets held for sale to their fair value less costs to sell and the impairment of assets for 2 underperforming Taco Cabana restaurants for which continued sales declines coupled with the impact of expected sales declines resulted in a decrease in the estimated future cash flows.
Impairment and other lease charges for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019 for Pollo Tropical include impairment charges of $0.2 million and $0.6 million, respectively, related primarily to additional impairment of equipment from previously impaired restaurants and a lease charge recoveries benefit related to previously closed restaurant lease terminations of $(0.8) million for the nine months ended September 29, 2019. Impairment and other lease charges for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019 for Taco Cabana include impairment charges of $3.1 million and $4.9 million, respectively, related primarily to impairment of assets for 8 underperforming Taco Cabana restaurants for which continued sales declines resulted in a decrease in the estimated future cash flows and equipment from previously impaired restaurants as well as a lease charge recoveries benefit related to previously closed restaurant lease terminations of $(0.1) million for the nine months ended September 29, 2019.
The Company determined the fair value of restaurant equipment, for those restaurants reviewed for impairment, based on current economic conditions, the Company's history of using these assets in the operation of its business and the Company's expectation of how a market participant would value the assets. In addition, for those restaurants reviewed for impairment where the Company owns the land and building, the Company utilized third-party information such as a broker quoted value to determine the fair value of the property. The Company also utilized discounted future cash flows to determine the fair value of assets for certain leased restaurants with positive discounted projected future cash flows. The Company utilized current market lease rent and discount rates to determine the fair value of right-of-use lease assets. These fair value asset measurements rely on significant unobservable inputs and are considered Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy. The Level 3 assets measured at fair value associated with impairment charges recorded during the nine months ended September 27, 2020 totaled $4.9 million.


9

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



4. Other Liabilities
Other current liabilities consist of the following:
 September 27, 2020 December 29, 2019
Operating lease liabilities$23,932
 $22,338
Accrued workers' compensation and general liability claims4,457
 4,354
Sales and property taxes1,807
 1,889
Accrued occupancy costs(1)
365
 891
Other3,613
 2,797
 $34,174
 $32,269

(1) 
Accrued occupancy costs primarily consisted of obligations pertaining to closed restaurant locations.

Other non-current liabilities consist of the following:
 September 27, 2020 December 29, 2019
Accrued workers' compensation and general liability claims$7,348
 $7,348
Accrued payroll taxes(1)
3,719
 0
Deferred compensation457
 424
Accrued occupancy costs(2)
78
 78
Other1,044
 555
 $12,646
 $8,405

(1) 
Includes employer Social Security payroll tax deferred as a result of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the "CARES Act")
(2) 
Accrued occupancy costs primarily consisted of obligations pertaining to closed restaurant locations.
The following table presents the activity in the closed restaurant reserve, of which $0.1 million is included in non-current liabilities at both September 27, 2020 and December 29, 2019, with the remainder in other current liabilities.
 Nine Months Ended September 27, 2020 Year Ended December 29, 2019
Balance, beginning of period$752
 $8,819
Payments, net(248) (1,405)
Other adjustments(1)
(178) (6,662)
Balance, end of period$326
 $752

(1)
As a result of adopting ASC 842 on December 31, 2018, the portion of the closed restaurant reserve related to operating lease rental payments totaling $6.0 million was reclassified and included as a component of the related ROU assets during the twelve months ended December 29, 2019. The portion of the closed restaurant reserve related to variable ancillary lease costs was not reclassified and was not included as a reduction to ROU assets.

5. Long-Term Debt
Long-term debt consists of the following:
 September 27, 2020 December 29, 2019
Revolving credit facility$39,918
 $75,000
Finance/capital leases1,930
 2,035
 41,848
 77,035
Less: current portion of long-term debt(262) (212)
 $41,586
 $76,823


10

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



Amended Senior Credit Facility. On July 10, 2020, the Company entered into the Second Amendment to Credit Agreement (the credit agreement as amended, the "amended senior credit facility") among the Company and a syndicate of lenders. The amended senior credit facility includes adjustments to the Adjusted Leverage Ratio and Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio (each as amended and defined in the amended senior credit facility) that are more reflective of current sales and profit trends. For the remainder of 2020, the only applicable financial covenants under the Company's amended senior credit facility that require compliance will be a minimum liquidity covenant and a maximum capital expenditure covenant discussed below. The amended senior credit facility reduced the aggregate maximum commitments available for revolving credit borrowings (including standby letters of credit) under the amended senior credit facility (the "revolving commitment") by $30.0 million to $120.0 million on July 10, 2020. The amended senior credit facility further reduces the revolving commitment by (i) $15.0 million to $105.0 million on January 3, 2021 and (ii) $10.0 million to $95.0 million on April 4, 2021. On September 27, 2020, there were $39.9 million in outstanding borrowings under the amended senior credit facility.
The amended senior credit facility provides that the Company is not required to be in compliance with the Adjusted Leverage Ratio and Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio under the amended senior credit facility from July 10, 2020 through April 3, 2021. The Company is required to be in compliance with the Adjusted Leverage Ratio and Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio beginning with the fiscal quarter ending April 4, 2021 (the first quarter of 2021). After April 3, 2021, the Company will be permitted to exercise equity cures with respect to compliance with the Adjusted Leverage Ratio and Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio subject to certain restrictions as set forth in the amended senior credit facility. The amended senior credit facility also provides that the Company must maintain minimum liquidity (as defined in the amended senior credit facility, generally unrestricted cash plus available borrowings under the amended senior credit facility) of (i) $40.0 million through September 27, 2020, (ii) $30.0 million from September 28, 2020 through January 3, 2021, and (iii) $25.0 million on January 4, 2021 and thereafter.
Borrowings under the amended senior credit facility bear interest at a rate per annum, at the Company's option, equal to either (all terms as defined in the amended senior credit facility):
1)the Alternate Base Rate plus the Applicable Rate of 4.00% with a minimum Alternate Base Rate of 2.00%, or
2)the Adjusted LIBOR Rate plus the Applicable Rate of 5.00% with a minimum Adjusted LIBOR Rate of 1.00%.
In addition, the amended senior credit facility requires the Company to pay (i) a commitment fee of 0.50% per annum on the daily amount of the unused portion of the facility and (ii) a letter of credit participation fee based on the applicable LIBOR margin and the dollar amount of outstanding letters of credit. The amended senior credit facility also provides for a benchmark replacement (as defined in the amended senior credit facility) for LIBOR, which may be a SOFR-based rate, when LIBOR becomes unavailable or an earlier date under certain circumstances.
The outstanding borrowings under the amended senior credit facility are prepayable without penalty (other than customary breakage costs). The amended senior credit facility requires that proceeds received when a prepayment event (as defined in the amended senior credit facility) occurs must be used to reduce the outstanding revolving credit borrowings under the amended senior credit facility which will result in a corresponding reduction of the revolving commitment. As of September 27, 2020, the outstanding revolving credit borrowings and revolving commitment were reduced by $9.1 million from proceeds received. The amended senior credit facility further provides that Company must prepay outstanding revolving credit borrowings if the outstanding revolving credit borrowings exceed $75.0 million and excess cash (as defined in the amended senior credit facility) of the Company exceeds $20.0 million.
The amended senior credit facility contains certain covenants, including, without limitation, those limiting Company's and its subsidiaries' ability to, among other things, incur indebtedness, incur liens, sell or acquire assets or businesses, change the character of its business in any material respects, engage in certain transactions with related parties, make certain investments, make certain restricted payments or pay dividends, including, without limitation, (i) that capital expenditures by the Company cannot exceed an aggregate of $22.0 million for each of the fiscal years ending 2020 and 2021 and cannot exceed an aggregate of $25.0 million for the fiscal year ending 2022 (the "Capital Expenditures Covenant") and (ii) limiting the construction or development of new restaurants.
The amended senior credit facility also provides that the Company will be required to engage a financial advisor or chief restructuring officer if the Company is not in compliance with certain milestones.
The Company's obligations under the amended senior credit facility are secured by all of the assets of the Company and its subsidiaries (including a pledge of all of the capital stock and equity interests of its subsidiaries) pursuant to an amended and restated security agreement. Under the amended senior credit facility, the lenders may terminate their obligation to advance and may declare the unpaid balance of borrowings, or any part thereof, immediately due and payable upon the occurrence and during

11

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



the continuance of customary defaults which include, without limitation, payment default, covenant defaults, bankruptcy type defaults, defaults on other indebtedness, certain judgments or upon the occurrence of a change of control (as specified in the amended senior credit facility).
The amended senior credit facility contains customary default provisions, including without limitation, a cross default provision pursuant to which it is an event of default under this facility if there is a default under any of the Company's indebtedness having an outstanding principal amount of $5.0 million or more which results in the acceleration of such indebtedness prior to its stated maturity or is caused by a failure to pay principal when due.
The amended senior credit facility matures on November 30, 2022. As of September 27, 2020, the Company was in compliance with the financial covenants under its amended senior credit facility. After reserving $3.5 million for letters of credit, $67.5 million was available for borrowing under the amended senior credit facility at September 27, 2020.
Senior Credit Facility. In November 2017, the Company entered into a senior secured revolving credit facility with a syndicate of lenders. Prior to July 10, 2020, the senior credit facility provided for aggregate revolving credit borrowings of up to $150.0 million (including up to $15.0 million available for letters of credit) and was scheduled to mature on November 30, 2022. The senior credit facility also provided for potential incremental increases of up to $50.0 million to the revolving credit borrowings available under the senior credit facility. The senior credit facility was amended on July 10, 2020.
Borrowings under the senior credit facility bore interest at a per annum rate, at the Company's option, equal to either (all terms as defined in the senior credit facility agreement):
1)the Alternate Base Rate plus the applicable margin of 0.75% to 1.50% based on the Company's Adjusted Leverage Ratio, or
2)the LIBOR Rate plus the applicable margin of 1.75% to 2.50% based on the Company's Adjusted Leverage Ratio.
In addition, the senior credit facility required the Company to pay (i) a commitment fee based on the applicable Commitment Fee rate of 0.25% to 0.35%, based on the Company's Adjusted Leverage Ratio, (with a rate of 0.35% at September 27, 2020) and the unused portion of the facility and (ii) a letter of credit participation fee based on the applicable LIBOR margin and the dollar amount of outstanding letters of credit.

6. Stockholders' Equity
Purchase of Treasury Stock
In 2018, the Company's board of directors approved a share repurchase program for up to 1,500,000 shares of the Company's common stock. In 2019, the Company's board of directors approved increases to the share repurchase program of an additional 1,500,000 shares of the Company's common stock for an aggregate approval of 3,000,000 shares of the Company's common stock. Under the share repurchase program, shares may be repurchased from time to time in open market transactions at prevailing market prices, in privately negotiated transactions or by other means in accordance with federal securities laws, including Rule 10b-18 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. The share repurchase program has no time limit and may be modified, suspended, superseded or terminated at any time by the Company's board of directors. The Company repurchased 500,000 shares of common stock valued at approximately $3.7 million and 1,064,537 shares of common stock valued at approximately $11.3 million during the nine months ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019, respectively. The shares repurchased in 2020 were purchased on or before March 12, 2020. The repurchased shares are held as treasury stock at cost. The Company's senior credit facility as amended on July 10, 2020 prohibits share repurchases, and the Company currently does not intend to repurchase additional shares of its common stock for the foreseeable future.

12

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



Stock-Based Compensation
During the nine months ended September 27, 2020, the Company granted certain employees and non-employee directors a total of 501,706 non-vested restricted shares under the Fiesta Restaurant Group, Inc. 2012 Stock Incentive Plan (the "Fiesta Plan"). The shares granted to employees vest and become non-forfeitable over a four-year vesting period. The shares granted to non-employee directors vest and become non-forfeitable over a one-year vesting period, or for an initial grant to a new director, over a five-year vesting period. The weighted average fair value at grant date for non-vested shares issued during the nine months ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019 was $8.27 and $13.00 per share, respectively.
The weighted average fair value at grant date for the restricted stock units subject to market conditions granted in the nine months ended September 29, 2019 was $1.76 per share.
Stock-based compensation expense for the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020 was $0.6 million and $2.5 million, respectively, and for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019 was $0.6 million and $2.1 million, respectively. At September 27, 2020, the total unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to non-vested restricted shares and restricted stock units was approximately $5.0 million. At September 27, 2020, the remaining weighted average vesting period for non-vested restricted shares was 2.8 years and restricted stock units was 0.4 years.
A summary of all non-vested restricted shares and restricted stock units activity for the nine months ended September 27, 2020 is as follows:
 Non-Vested Shares Restricted Stock Units
 Shares Weighted
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
 Units Weighted
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
Outstanding at December 29, 2019355,605
 $15.47
 176,362
 $9.42
Granted501,706
 8.27
 0
 0
Vested and released(178,597) 15.20
 (747) 32.44
Forfeited(49,595) 11.83
 (25,030) 8.33
Outstanding at September 27, 2020629,119
 $10.13
 150,585
 $9.49

The fair value of the non-vested restricted shares and all other restricted stock units is based on the closing price on the date of grant. The fair value of the restricted stock units subject to market conditions was estimated using the Monte Carlo simulation method. The assumptions used to value grant restricted stock units subject to market conditions are detailed below:
  2019
Grant date stock price $14.66
Fair value at grant date $1.76
Risk free interest rate 2.53%
Expected term (in years) 2
Dividend yield 0%
Expected volatility 43.18%



13

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



7. Business Segment Information
The Company owns, operates and franchises 2 restaurant brands, Pollo Tropical® and Taco Cabana®, each of which is an operating segment. Pollo Tropical restaurants feature fire-grilled and crispy citrus marinated chicken and other freshly prepared menu items, while Taco Cabana restaurants specialize in Mexican-inspired food made fresh by hand.
Each segment's accounting policies are described in the summary of significant accounting policies in Note 1 to the Company's audited financial statements contained in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 29, 2019. The primary measure of segment profit or loss used by the chief operating decision maker to assess performance and allocate resources is Adjusted EBITDA, which is defined as earnings attributable to the applicable operating segments before interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, impairment and other lease charges, goodwill impairment, closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income, stock-based compensation expense, other expense (income), net, and certain significant items for each segment that management believes are related to strategic changes and/or are not related to the ongoing operation of the Company's restaurants as set forth in the reconciliation table below.
The "Other" column includes corporate-related items not allocated to reportable segments and consists primarily of corporate-owned property and equipment, lease assets, miscellaneous prepaid costs, capitalized costs associated with the issuance of indebtedness, corporate cash accounts, and a current income tax receivable.
Three Months Ended Pollo Tropical Taco Cabana Other Consolidated
September 27, 2020:        
Restaurant sales $77,604
 $59,215
 $0
 $136,819
Franchise revenue 336
 177
 0
 513
Cost of sales 24,614
 17,138
 0
 41,752
Restaurant wages and related expenses(1)
 18,051
 17,494
 0
 35,545
Restaurant rent expense 5,585
 5,589
 0
 11,174
Other restaurant operating expenses 12,125
 9,013
 0
 21,138
Advertising expense 815
 1,218
 0
 2,033
General and administrative expense(2)
 6,604
 5,251
 0
 11,855
Adjusted EBITDA 10,621
 4,172
 0
 14,793
Depreciation and amortization 5,171
 4,261
 0
 9,432
Capital expenditures 1,457
 1,112
 644
 3,213
September 29, 2019:        
Restaurant sales $88,309
 $75,280
 


 $163,589
Franchise revenue 432
 227
 0
 659
Cost of sales 28,239
 23,817
 0
 52,056
Restaurant wages and related expenses(1)
 20,944
 23,515
 0
 44,459
Restaurant rent expense 5,477
 6,493
 0
 11,970
Other restaurant operating expenses 12,807
 11,346
 0
 24,153
Advertising expense 3,130
 3,255
 0
 6,385
General and administrative expense(2)
 7,521
 6,299
 0
 13,820
Adjusted EBITDA 10,980
 1,174
 0
 12,154
Depreciation and amortization 5,529
 4,636
 0
 10,165
Capital expenditures 6,402
 5,015
 985
 12,402


14

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



Nine Months Ended Pollo Tropical Taco Cabana Other Consolidated
September 27, 2020:        
Restaurant sales $226,617
 $177,835
 $0
 $404,452
Franchise revenue 886
 561
 0
 1,447
Cost of sales 72,666
 53,169
 0
 125,835
Restaurant wages and related expenses(1)
 54,196
 55,591
 0
 109,787
Restaurant rent expense 16,885
 16,907
 0
 33,792
Other restaurant operating expenses 35,225
 26,413
 0
 61,638
Advertising expense 5,497
 4,462
 0
 9,959
General and administrative expense(2)
 20,630
 17,897
 0
 38,527
Adjusted EBITDA 24,394
 5,937
 0
 30,331
Depreciation and amortization 15,682
 12,745
 0
 28,427
Capital expenditures 5,501
 4,772
 1,643
 11,916
September 29, 2019:        
Restaurant sales $271,955
 $227,528
 $0
 $499,483
Franchise revenue 1,325
 673
 0
 1,998
Cost of sales 85,855
 70,469
 0
 156,324
Restaurant wages and related expenses(1)
 63,387
 71,874
 0
 135,261
Restaurant rent expense 16,393
 19,220
 0
 35,613
Other restaurant operating expenses 36,665
 31,764
 0
 68,429
Advertising expense 9,351
 8,438
 0
 17,789
General and administrative expense(2)
 23,568
 18,819
 0
 42,387
Adjusted EBITDA 39,943
 8,189
 0
 48,132
Depreciation and amortization 16,118
 13,402
 0
 29,520
Capital expenditures 18,195
 14,982
 896
 34,073
Identifiable Assets:        
September 27, 2020 $319,714
 $189,266
 $42,788
 $551,768
December 29, 2019 340,012
 195,883
 32,746
 568,641

(1) Includes stock-based compensation expense of $47 and $152 for the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively, and $102 and $145 for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019, respectively.
(2) Includes stock-based compensation expense of $597 and $2,332 for the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, respectively, and $509 and $1,993 for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019, respectively.

15

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



A reconciliation of consolidated net income (loss) to Adjusted EBITDA follows:
Three Months Ended Pollo Tropical Taco Cabana Other Consolidated
September 27, 2020:        
Net income       $4,593
Benefit from income taxes       (4,155)
Income (loss) before taxes $3,035
 $(2,385) $(212) $438
Add:        
     Non-general and administrative expense adjustments:        
          Depreciation and amortization 5,171
 4,261
 0
 9,432
          Impairment and other lease charges 2,395
 9
 0
 2,404
          Interest expense 593
 579
 0
 1,172
          Closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income 356
 1,125
 0
 1,481
          Loss on extinguishment of debt 0
 0
 212
 212
          Other expense (income), net (1,404) 100
 0
 (1,304)
          Stock-based compensation expense in restaurant wages 15
 32
 0
 47
                Total non-general and administrative expense adjustments 7,126
 6,106
 212
 13,444
     General and administrative expense adjustments:        
          Stock-based compensation expense 307
 290
 0
 597
          Restructuring costs and retention bonuses 99
 117
 0
 216
          Digital and brand repositioning costs 54
 44
 0
 98
               Total general and administrative expense adjustments 460
 451
 0
 911
Adjusted EBITDA $10,621
 $4,172
 $0
 $14,793
         
September 29, 2019:        
Net loss       $(22,182)
Benefit from income taxes       (2,946)
Income (loss) before taxes $3,857
 $(28,985) $0
 $(25,128)
Add:        
     Non-general and administrative expense adjustments:        
          Depreciation and amortization 5,529
 4,636
 0
 10,165
          Impairment and other lease charges 165
 3,089
 0
 3,254
       Goodwill impairment 0
 21,424
 0
 21,424
          Interest expense 398
 425
 0
 823
          Closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income 601
 125
 0
 726
          Other expense (income), net 5
 59
 0
 64
          Stock-based compensation expense in restaurant wages 39
 63
 0
 102
                Total non-general and administrative expense adjustments 6,737
 29,821
 0
 36,558
     General and administrative expense adjustments:        
          Stock-based compensation expense 268
 241
 0
 509
          Digital and brand repositioning costs 118
 97
 0
 215
               Total general and administrative expense adjustments 386
 338
 0
 724
Adjusted EBITDA $10,980
 $1,174
 $0
 $12,154
         


16

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



Nine Months Ended Pollo Tropical Taco Cabana Other Consolidated
September 27, 2020:        
Net loss       $(11,067)
Benefit from income taxes       (8,903)
Loss before taxes $(3,978) $(15,780) $(212) $(19,970)
Add:        
     Non-general and administrative expense adjustments:        
          Depreciation and amortization 15,682
 12,745
 0
 28,427
          Impairment and other lease charges 8,023
 899
 0
 8,922
          Interest expense 1,701
 1,669
 0
 3,370
          Closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income 1,629
 3,314
 0
 4,943
Loss on extinguishment of debt 0
 0
 212
 212
          Other expense (income), net (653) 1,041
 0
 388
          Stock-based compensation expense in restaurant wages 53
 99
 0
 152
                Total non-general and administrative expense adjustments 26,435
 19,767
 212
 46,414
     General and administrative expense adjustments:        
          Stock-based compensation expense 1,140
 1,192
 0
 2,332
          Restructuring costs and retention bonuses 551
 556
 0
 1,107
          Digital and brand repositioning costs 246
 202
 0
 448
               Total general and administrative expense adjustments 1,937
 1,950
 0
 3,887
Adjusted EBITDA $24,394
 $5,937
 $0
 $30,331
         
September 29, 2019:        
Net loss       $(63,333)
Benefit from income taxes       (1,377)
Income (loss) before taxes $16,731
 $(81,441) $0
 $(64,710)
Add:        
     Non-general and administrative expense adjustments:        
          Depreciation and amortization 16,118
 13,402
 0
 29,520
          Impairment and other lease charges (162) 4,829
 0
 4,667
       Goodwill impairment 0
 67,909
 0
 67,909
          Interest expense 1,534
 1,490
 0
 3,024
          Closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income 2,784
 701
 0
 3,485
          Other expense (income), net 749
 171
 0
 920
          Stock-based compensation expense in restaurant wages 48
 97
 0
 145
                Total non-general and administrative expense adjustments 21,071
 88,599
 0
 109,670
     General and administrative expense adjustments:        
          Stock-based compensation expense 1,196
 797
 0
 1,993
          Restructuring costs and retention bonuses 827
 137
 0
 964
          Digital and brand repositioning costs 118
 97
 0
 215
               Total general and administrative expense adjustments 2,141
 1,031
 0
 3,172
Adjusted EBITDA $39,943
 $8,189
 $0
 $48,132



17

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



8. Earnings (Loss) Per Share
Basic earnings (loss) per share ("EPS") is computed by dividing net income (loss) applicable to common shares by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during each period. Non-vested restricted shares contain a non-forfeitable right to receive dividends on a one-to-one per share ratio to common shares and are thus considered participating securities. The impact of the participating securities is included in the computation of basic EPS pursuant to the two-class method. The two-class method of computing EPS is an earnings allocation formula that determines earnings attributable to common shares and participating securities according to dividends declared (whether paid or unpaid) and participation rights in undistributed earnings. EPS is computed by dividing undistributed earnings allocated to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. In applying the two-class method, undistributed earnings are allocated to both common shares and non-vested restricted shares based on the weighted average shares outstanding during the period.
Diluted EPS reflects the potential dilution that could occur if the restricted stock units were to be converted into common shares. Restricted stock units with performance conditions are only included in the diluted EPS calculation to the extent that performance conditions have been met at the measurement date. Diluted EPS is computed by adjusting the basic weighted average number of common shares by the dilutive effect of the restricted stock units, determined using the treasury stock method.
For the three months ended September 27, 2020, no shares of outstanding restricted stock units were excluded from the computation of diluted EPS because none were antidilutive. For the nine months ended September 27, 2020 and the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019, all shares of outstanding restricted stock units were excluded from the computation of diluted EPS because including such restricted stock units would have been antidilutive as a result of the net loss in the nine months ended September 27, 2020 and the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019.
The computation of basic and diluted EPS is as follows:
 Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
 September 27, 2020 September 29, 2019 September 27, 2020 September 29, 2019
Basic and diluted EPS:       
Net income (loss)$4,593
 $(22,182) $(11,067) $(63,333)
Less: income allocated to participating securities112
 0
 0
 0
Net income (loss) available to common shareholders$4,481
 $(22,182) $(11,067) $(63,333)
Weighted average common shares—basic25,290,357
 26,548,116
 25,359,004
 26,734,822
Restricted stock units1,362
 0
 0
 0
Weighted average common shares—diluted25,291,719
 26,548,116
 25,359,004
 26,734,822
        
Loss per common share—basic$0.18
 $(0.84) $(0.44) $(2.37)
Loss per common share—diluted0.18
 (0.84) (0.44) (2.37)



18

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



9. Commitments and Contingencies
Lease Assignments. Taco Cabana assigned 1 lease to a third party on a property where it no longer operates with a lease term expiring in 2029. Although the assignee is responsible for making the payments required by the lease, the Company remains secondarily liable as a surety with respect to the lease. Pollo Tropical assigned 1 lease to a third party on a property where it no longer operates with a lease term expiring in 2033. Although the assignee is responsible for making the payments required by the lease, the Company is a guarantor under the lease.
The maximum potential liability for future rental payments that the Company could be required to make under these leases at September 27, 2020 was $3.0 million. The Company could also be obligated to pay property taxes and other lease-related costs. The obligations under these leases will generally continue to decrease over time as the operating leases expire. The Company does not believe it is probable that it will be ultimately responsible for the obligations under these leases.
Legal Matters. The Company is a party to various litigation matters incidental to the conduct of business. The Company does not believe that the outcome of any of these matters will have a material effect on its condensed consolidated financial statements. The Company records accruals for outstanding legal matters when it believes it is probable that a loss will be incurred and the amount can be reasonably estimated. The Company evaluates, on a quarterly basis, developments in legal matters that could affect the amount of any accrual and developments that would make a loss contingency both probable and reasonably estimable. If a loss contingency is not both probable and estimable, the Company does not establish an accrued liability.

10. Income Taxes
The Company has historically calculated the provision for income taxes during interim reporting periods by applying an estimate of the annualized effective tax rate for the full fiscal year to "ordinary" income or loss (pretax income or loss excluding unusual or infrequently occurring discrete items) for the reporting period. Due to the uncertainty created by the events surrounding the COVID-19 pandemic, the actual effective tax rate for the year to date period was used to calculate the income tax benefit for the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020 as permitted by Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 740-270-30-18.
Tax Law Changes. On March 27, 2020, the CARES Act was signed into law. The CARES Act includes provisions that allow net operating losses in 2018, 2019, and 2020 to be carried back for up to five years and eliminates the 80% taxable income limitation on net operating loss deductions for 2018 through 2020. These changes allowed the Company to record an incremental benefit of $1.8 million during the first quarter of 2020 and $0.1 million during the third quarter of 2020, which represents the impact of carrying net operating losses from 2018 and 2019 back to years with a higher federal corporate income tax rate.
The CARES Act also includes technical amendments that are retroactive to 2018 which permit certain assets to be classified as qualified improvement property and expensed immediately. Reclassifying certain assets as qualified improvement property and other changes to depreciation methods for certain assets made in conjunction with a cost segregation study conducted prior to filing the Company's 2019 federal income tax return resulted in an incremental benefit of $1.9 million, which was recorded in the third quarter of 2020.

11. Related Party Transactions
The Company is exploring the potential refinancing of its amended senior credit facility, although it cannot make any assurance of the timing or certainty of completing any refinancing transactions.
The Company has engaged Jefferies LLC ("Jefferies"), an affiliate of two of the members of Fiesta's board of directors and a subsidiary of Jefferies Financial Group, Inc, a holder of more than 20 percent of the total outstanding shares of Fiesta, in the third quarter of 2020 in connection with advisory services and a refinancing of the Company's amended senior credit facility. The engagement of Jefferies and the corresponding engagement letter was approved by the Audit Committee in accordance with the Company's Related Party Transaction Policy as disclosed in its most recent proxy statement for the 2020 Annual Meeting of Stockholders. Whether or not a transaction occurs, the Company will reimburse Jefferies for reasonable out of pocket and ancillary expenses in addition to any fees that may be paid to Jefferies. For the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020, the condensed consolidated financial statements do not include any fees or expenses or amounts due to the related party.


19

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)



12. Supplemental Cash Flow Information
The following table details supplemental cash flow disclosures of non-cash investing and financing activities: 
 Nine Months Ended
 September 27, 2020 September 29, 2019
Supplemental cash flow disclosures of non-cash investing and financing activities:   
Accruals for capital expenditures$1,826
 $3,198
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease liabilities:   
Operating lease ROU assets28,798
 8,618
Finance lease ROU assets33
 495
Right-of-use assets and lease liabilities reduced for terminated leases:   
Operating lease ROU assets2,387
 4,058
Operating lease liabilities2,843
 4,787
Operating lease right-of-use assets obtained and lease liabilities incurred as a result of adoption of ASC 842:   
Operating lease ROU assets0
 267,743
Operating lease liabilities0
 291,373
Accruals for financing costs associated with debt amendment154
 0
Supplemental cash flow disclosures:   
Interest paid on long-term debt$3,095
 $3,558
Income tax payments (refunds), net(2,155) (15,620)


13. Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740), which is a part of the Simplification Initiative being undertaken by the FASB to reduce complexity of accounting standards. The amendments in this update simplify the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions, the most notable for the Company being the exception to the general methodology for calculating income taxes in an interim period when the year-to-date loss exceeds the anticipated loss for the full year. The guidance will be effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2020. Early adoption is permitted and any adjustments should be reflected as of the beginning of the annual period of adoption. Amendments relevant to the Company should be applied on a prospective basis. The Company is still evaluating the impact the standard will have on its financial statements.
In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848) ("ASU No. 2020-04"), which provides optional expedients and exceptions for applying GAAP to contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions affected by reference rate reform if certain criteria are met. The amendments in this update are effective as of March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. As of September 27, 2020, the Company's only exposure to LIBOR rates was its amended senior credit facility. Upon cessation of the LIBOR, the amended senior credit facility will be amended to reflect an alternative reference rate. According to ASU No. 2020-04, modifications of contracts within the scope of Topic 470 Debt should be accounted for by prospectively adjusting the effective interest rate. The Company does not expect ASU No. 2020-04 to have a significant impact on its financial statements.

14. Subsequent Events
Subsequent to September 27, 2020, the Company sold 3 restaurant properties in sale-leaseback transactions for total net proceeds of $6.6 million and an additional 2 restaurant properties that were classified as held for sale as of September 27, 2020 for total net proceeds of $2.8 million. Net proceeds from the sales were used to repay outstanding revolving credit borrowings and reduced the revolving commitment under the amended senior credit facility.


20


ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following Management's Discussion and Analysis of financial condition and results of operations ("MD&A") is written to help the reader understand our company. The MD&A is provided as a supplement to, and should be read in conjunction with, our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes. Any reference to restaurants refers to Company-owned restaurants unless otherwise indicated. Throughout this MD&A, we refer to Fiesta Restaurant Group, Inc., together with its consolidated subsidiaries, as "Fiesta," "we," "our" and "us."
We use a 52–53 week fiscal year ending on the Sunday closest to December 31. The fiscal year ended December 29, 2019 contained 52 weeks. The three and nine months ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019 each contained thirteen and thirty-nine weeks, respectively. The fiscal year ending January 3, 2021 will contain 53 weeks.
Company Overview
We own, operate and franchise two restaurant brands, Pollo Tropical® and Taco Cabana®, which have over 30 and 40 years, respectively, of operating history and loyal customer bases. Our Pollo Tropical restaurants feature fire-grilled and crispy citrus marinated chicken and other freshly prepared menu items, while our Taco Cabana restaurants specialize in Mexican-inspired food made fresh by hand. We believe that both brands offer distinct and unique flavors with broad appeal at a compelling value, which differentiates them in the competitive fast-casual and quick-service restaurant segments. Nearly all of our restaurants offer the convenience of drive-thru windows. As of September 27, 2020, we owned and operated 138 Pollo Tropical restaurants and 145 Taco Cabana restaurants.
We franchise our Pollo Tropical restaurants primarily internationally and as of September 27, 2020, we had 25 franchised Pollo Tropical restaurants located in Puerto Rico, Panama, Guyana, Ecuador, and the Bahamas, and seven on college campuses and one at a hospital in Florida. We have agreements for the continued development of franchised Pollo Tropical restaurants in certain of our existing franchised markets.
As of September 27, 2020, we had six franchised Taco Cabana restaurants located in New Mexico and one non-traditional Taco Cabana licensed location on a college campus in Texas.
Recent Events Affecting Our Results of Operations
COVID-19 Pandemic
The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is continuing to affect the restaurant industry and the economy. In response to COVID-19 and in compliance with governmental restrictions, we closed the dining room seating areas in all Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana restaurants, limiting service to take-out, drive-thru, and delivery operations beginning in mid-March 2020. We also temporarily closed three Pollo Tropical locations due to the impact of the restrictions on sales, one of which was reopened during the second quarter of 2020 and two of which were subsequently permanently closed in August. Fiesta began opening certain dining rooms at 50% capacity with easement of municipality restrictions during the second quarter of 2020; however, it temporarily closed all dining rooms on July 12, 2020, in response to increased COVID-19 infection rates in both Texas and Florida. We began re-opening certain dining rooms and patios with limited capacity and hours at both brands and the state of Florida removed restaurant capacity restrictions at the end of September 2020. We have opened approximately 20 dining rooms with limited hours and capacity at both brands and have opened approximately 75 patios at Taco Cabana. Comparable restaurant sales at both Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana restaurants declined in the third quarter of 2020 compared to the prior year as a result of the pandemic. However, both brands experienced sequential comparable restaurant sales improvement in the third quarter of 2020 compared to the second quarter of 2020.
As we continue to prioritize the well-being of our team members and guests during this pandemic, we believe we are also creating a better business model that is easier and safer for our consumers. We currently do not expect sales trends to significantly deteriorate further, although there can be no assurance that sales trends will not deteriorate further, and we have implemented measures to control costs. We have also implemented a number of changes to maximize sales, maintain service, and improve liquidity:
We have adjusted our operating model to better meet our customers' needs during the COVID-19 crisis. We have also adjusted staffing models to match shifting traffic and channel patterns of our guests and to improve efficiency.
We are maximizing off-premise sales opportunities. We significantly increased the number of delivery service providers that offer our brands during the first quarter of 2020, modified our menus, and worked with a third party to enhance our online ordering and mobile apps including curbside pickup features. We also launched curbside pickup for both brands in July 2020.

21


We have significantly reduced our capital expenditure budget and 2020 capital expenditures will not exceed $22.0 million.
In early April 2020, approximately 170 employees were terminated or furloughed, approximately 60 of which were support personnel. The majority of the furloughed support personnel were terminated in the third quarter of 2020 resulting in a total of approximately 55 eliminated support personnel positions representing annualized general and administrative savings of approximately $4.1 million. The remaining employees were restaurant employees. However, a portion of the restaurant employees were recalled during the second and third quarters and additional restaurant employees may be recalled in the future based on business needs. Additionally, the salaries for all vice-presidents and executives were reduced by 10% to 35% for the second quarter of 2020.
We sold two restaurant properties and completed two sale-leaseback transactions in the third quarter of 2020. We have completed two sales and three sale-leaseback transactions in the fourth quarter through November 2, 2020 and currently have offers or contracts in place for the sale or sale-leaseback of our seven remaining owned properties, although there can be no assurance that any such sales or sale-leaseback transactions will be consummated. Net proceeds from these sales have been and will be used to reduce the outstanding revolving credit borrowings and availability under our amended senior credit facility (as defined below).
The COVID-19 pandemic has not had a significant negative disruptive impact on our supply chain or access to labor, although there can be no assurance that there will not be a significant impact on our supply chain or access to labor in the future. We are actively monitoring our food suppliers to determine how they are managing their operations to mitigate supply flow and food safety risks. To ensure we mitigate potential supply availability risk, we are building additional inventory backstock levels when appropriate and we have also identified alternative supply sources in key product categories including but not limited to proteins and sanitation and safety supplies.
We incurred additional costs related to the COVID-19 pandemic totaling an estimated $3.4 million during the second quarter of 2020 including additional labor costs such as COVID-19 special incentive pay, quarantine pay and overtime to cover for employees in quarantine, as well as additional operating expenses for safety related supplies including masks, cleaning supplies and sanitizer. We incurred additional costs related to the COVID-19 pandemic totaling an estimated $0.4 million during the third quarter of 2020, including quarantine pay and costs related to COVID testing, masks and sanitizer. Although we discontinued COVID-19 special incentive pay in the third quarter of 2020, we expect many of the other COVID-19 related costs to continue during the pandemic.
Restaurant Closures
As a result of restaurant portfolio reviews, we closed 19 underperforming Taco Cabana restaurants in January 2020, all of which were impaired in prior years. Additionally, we closed one Pollo Tropical restaurant as a result of landlord redevelopment that was not compatible with our use in the first quarter of 2020 and two underperforming Pollo Tropical restaurants in the third quarter of 2020. In the third quarter of 2020, we also closed one owned Pollo Tropical restaurant, which was subsequently sold in the fourth quarter of 2020, and closed and sold one owned Taco Cabana restaurant to generate additional cash to reduce our outstanding borrowings under our amended senior credit facility.
Amendment to our Senior Credit Facility
As discussed in Note 1 to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, we expect the COVID-19 pandemic to have a negative impact on our profitability. On July 10, 2020, we entered into the Second Amendment to Credit Agreement (the credit agreement as amended, the "amended senior credit facility") among the Company and a syndicate of lenders that includes adjustments to our covenants that are more reflective of current sales and profit trends. For the remainder of 2020, the only applicable financial covenants that require compliance under the amended senior credit facility will be a minimum liquidity target and a maximum capital expenditure covenant. Pursuant to the amended senior credit facility, the available revolving credit borrowings under the amended senior credit facility will be reduced from $150.0 million to $95.0 million in a phased reduction beginning with a $30.0 million permanent reduction that occurred on July 10, 2020, a $15.0 million reduction in the fourth quarter of 2020 and a $10.0 million reduction in the first quarter of 2021. See Note 5 to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and Amended Senior Credit Facility under Liquidity and Capital Resources in this MD&A for a further discussion.
During the second quarter of 2020 we borrowed all available funds under our senior secured revolving credit facility prior to the execution of the amended senior credit facility. We repaid borrowings under our amended senior credit facility as follows: $30.0 million on July 10, 2020, pursuant to the terms of the amended senior credit facility, an additional $76.6 million through September 27, 2020, and an additional $20.4 million through November 2, 2020. On November 2, 2020, there were $19.5 million in outstanding revolving credit borrowings under our amended senior credit facility.

22


Executive Summary—Consolidated Operating Performance for the Three Months Ended September 27, 2020
Our third quarter 2020 results and highlights include the following:
We recognized net income of $4.6 million, or $0.18 per diluted share, in the third quarter of 2020 compared to a net loss of $(22.2) million, or $(0.84) per diluted share, in the third quarter of 2019, due primarily to a $21.4 million goodwill impairment charge for the Taco Cabana reporting unit in the third quarter of 2019, and an income tax benefit related to reducing our deferred tax asset valuation allowance and reclassifying certain assets as qualified improvement property and other changes to depreciation methods for certain assets in conjunction with filing our 2019 federal income tax return, and lower advertising expense in the third quarter of 2020, partially offset by the impact of declines in comparable restaurant sales at both brands in 2020 and additional costs related to the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, gains from the sale-leaseback and sale of property, lower general and administrative expenses, as well as favorable operating and labor efficiencies at both brands, positively contributed to the increase in net income in the third quarter of 2020. This increase was partially offset by higher delivery fee expense and closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income in the third quarter of 2020.
Total revenues decreased 16.4% in the third quarter of 2020 to $137.3 million compared to $164.2 million in the third quarter of 2019, driven by a decrease in comparable restaurant sales at both brands (including as a result of the impact of COVID-19), and the impact of closing 19 underperforming Taco Cabana restaurants in the first quarter of 2020. Comparable restaurant sales decreased 11.1% for our Pollo Tropical restaurants resulting from a decrease in comparable restaurant transactions of 22.1% and an increase in the net impact of product/channel mix and pricing of 11.0%. Comparable restaurant sales decreased 14.2% for our Taco Cabana restaurants resulting from a decrease in comparable restaurant transactions of 23.8% and an increase in the net impact of product/channel mix and pricing of 9.6%.
Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA increased $2.6 million in the third quarter of 2020 to $14.8 million compared to $12.2 million in the third quarter of 2019, driven primarily by lower advertising expenses, lower cost of sales and labor costs as a percentage of restaurant sales, lower general and administrative expenses and the impact of the closure of unprofitable restaurants in the first quarter of 2020, partially offset by the impact of lower restaurant sales and higher delivery fee expense and additional costs related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure of performance. For a discussion of our use of Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA and a reconciliation from net income to Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA, see "Management's Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures."


23


Results of Operations
The following table summarizes the changes in the number and mix of Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana Company-owned and franchised restaurants.
 Pollo Tropical Taco Cabana
 Owned Franchised Total Owned Franchised Total
December 29, 2019142
 32
 174
 164
 8
 172
   New
 1
 1
 1
 
 1
   Closed(1) 
 (1) (19) 
 (19)
March 29, 2020141
 33
 174
 146
 8
 154
   New
 
 
 
 
 
   Closed
 
 
 
 (1) (1)
June 28, 2020141
 33
 174
 146
 7
 153
   New
 
 
 
 
 
   Closed(3) 
 (3) (1) 
 (1)
September 27, 2020138
 33
 171
 145
 7
 152
            
December 30, 2018139
 30
 169
 162
 8
 170
   New
 1
 1
 2
 
 2
   Closed
 
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2019139
 31
 170
 164
 8
 172
   New1
 
 1
 1
 
 1
   Closed
 
 
 
 
 
June 30, 2019140
 31
 171
 165
 8
 173
   New1
 
 1
 
 
 
   Closed
 
 
 
 
 
September 29, 2019141
 31
 172
 165
 8
 173
Three Months Ended September 27, 2020 Compared to Three Months Ended September 29, 2019
The following table sets forth, for the three months ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019, selected consolidated operating results as a percentage of consolidated restaurant sales and select segment operating results as a percentage of applicable segment restaurant sales.
 Three Months Ended
 September 27, 2020 September 29, 2019 September 27, 2020 September 29, 2019 September 27, 2020 September 29, 2019
 Pollo Tropical Taco Cabana Consolidated
Restaurant sales:           
Pollo Tropical        56.7% 54.0%
Taco Cabana        43.3% 46.0%
Consolidated restaurant sales        100.0% 100.0%
Costs and expenses:           
Cost of sales31.7% 32.0% 28.9% 31.6% 30.5% 31.8%
Restaurant wages and related expenses23.3% 23.7% 29.5% 31.2% 26.0% 27.2%
Restaurant rent expense7.2% 6.2% 9.4% 8.6% 8.2% 7.3%
Other restaurant operating expenses15.6% 14.5% 15.2% 15.1% 15.4% 14.8%
Advertising expense1.1% 3.5% 2.1% 4.3% 1.5% 3.9%
Pre-opening costs% 0.1% % % % %

24


Consolidated Revenues. Revenues include restaurant sales and franchise royalty revenues and fees. Restaurant sales consist of food and beverage sales, net of discounts, at our restaurants. Franchise royalty revenues and fees represent ongoing royalty payments that are determined based on a percentage of franchisee sales and the amortization of initial franchise fees and area development fees associated with the opening of new franchised restaurants. Restaurant sales are influenced by new restaurant openings, closures of restaurants and changes in comparable restaurant sales.
Total revenues decreased 16.4% to $137.3 million in the third quarter of 2020 from $164.2 million in the third quarter of 2019. Restaurant sales decreased 16.4% to $136.8 million in the third quarter of 2020 from $163.6 million in the third quarter of 2019.
The following table presents the primary drivers of the decreases in restaurant sales for both Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana for the third quarter of 2020 compared to the third quarter of 2019 (in millions).
Pollo Tropical: 
Decrease in comparable restaurant sales$(9.5)
Decrease in sales related to closed restaurants, net of new restaurants(1.2)
Total decrease$(10.7)
  
Taco Cabana: 
Decrease in comparable restaurant sales$(9.6)
Decrease in sales related to closed restaurants, net of new restaurants(6.5)
Total decrease$(16.1)
Restaurants are included in comparable restaurant sales after they have been open for 18 months.
Comparable restaurant sales decreased 11.1% and 14.2% for Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana restaurants, respectively, in the third quarter of 2020. Increases or decreases in comparable restaurant sales result primarily from an increase or decrease in comparable restaurant transactions and in average check. Changes in average check are primarily driven by changes in sales channel and sales mix, and to a lesser extent, menu price increases net of discounts and promotions.
For Pollo Tropical, a decrease in comparable restaurant transactions of 22.1% was partially offset by an increase in the net impact of product/channel mix and pricing of 11.0% in the third quarter of 2020 compared to the third quarter of 2019. The increase in product/channel mix and pricing was driven primarily by increases in delivery and drive-thru average check and sales channel penetration, and menu price increases of 0.2%. Comparable restaurant sales for Pollo Tropical in the third quarter of 2020 benefited from the negative impact of Hurricane Dorian in 2019. After adjusting for the impact of the named storm, 2020 third quarter comparable restaurant sales would have been approximately 140 basis points lower.
For Taco Cabana, a decrease in comparable restaurant transactions of 23.8% was partially offset by an increase in the net impact of product/channel mix and pricing of 9.6% in the third quarter of 2020 compared to the third quarter of 2019. The increase in product/channel mix and pricing was driven primarily by increases in drive-thru and delivery sales channel penetration and growth in average check for drive-thru compared to last year due in part to an increase in transactions that include alcohol, and menu price increases of 1.6%.
Franchise revenues decreased by $0.1 million to $0.5 million in the third quarter of 2020 compared to the third quarter of 2019 due to lower sales at franchised restaurants in 2020 primarily as a result of COVID-19.
Operating costs and expenses. Operating costs and expenses include cost of sales, restaurant wages and related expenses, other restaurant expenses and advertising expenses. Cost of sales consists of food, paper and beverage costs including packaging costs, less rebates and purchase discounts. Cost of sales is generally influenced by changes in commodity costs, the sales mix of items sold and the effectiveness of our restaurant-level controls to manage food and paper costs. Key commodities, including chicken and beef, are generally purchased under contracts for future periods of up to one year.
Restaurant wages and related expenses include all restaurant management and hourly productive labor costs, employer payroll taxes, restaurant-level bonuses and related benefits. Payroll and related taxes and benefits are subject to inflation, including minimum wage increases and increased costs for health insurance, workers' compensation insurance and state unemployment insurance.
Other restaurant operating expenses include all other restaurant-level operating costs, the major components of which are utilities, repairs and maintenance, general liability insurance, sanitation, supplies and credit card and delivery fees.

25


Advertising expense includes all promotional expenses including television, radio, billboards and other sponsorships and promotional activities and agency fees.
Pre-opening costs include costs incurred prior to opening a restaurant, including restaurant employee wages and related expenses, travel expenditures, recruiting, training, promotional costs associated with the restaurant opening and rent, including any non-cash rent expense recognized during the construction period. Pre-opening costs are generally incurred beginning four to six months prior to a restaurant opening.
The following tables present the primary drivers of the changes in the components of restaurant operating margins for Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana for the third quarter of 2020 compared to the third quarter of 2019. All percentages are stated as a percentage of applicable segment restaurant sales:
Pollo Tropical: 
Cost of sales: 
Operating efficiency(1.3)%
Lower promotions and discounts(0.6)%
Menu price increases(0.1)%
Sales mix0.7 %
Lower rebates and discounts0.5 %
Higher commodity costs0.5 %
Net decrease in cost of sales as a percentage of restaurant sales(0.3)%
  
Restaurant wages and related expenses: 
Lower labor costs due to labor efficiencies(0.9)%
Higher incentive bonus(1)
0.4 %
Higher labor costs due to COVID-19(2)
0.2 %
Other(0.1)%
Net decrease in restaurant wages and related costs as a percentage of restaurant sales(0.4)%
  
Other operating expenses: 
Higher delivery fee expense due to increased delivery channel sales1.6 %
Lower repair and maintenance costs(0.4)%
Lower operating supplies(0.2)%
Other0.1 %
Net increase in other restaurant operating expenses as a percentage of restaurant sales1.1 %
  
Advertising expense: 
Reduced advertising(2.4)%
Net decrease in advertising expense as a percentage of restaurant sales(2.4)%
  
Pre-opening costs: 
Decrease in the number of restaurant openings(0.1)%
Net decrease in pre-opening costs as a percentage of restaurant sales(0.1)%
(1) 
Primarily due to improved controllable operating profit margins and changes to the bonus program structure.
(2) 
Primarily includes quarantine pay.


26


Taco Cabana: 
Cost of sales: 
Lower commodity costs(1.8)%
Operating efficiency(1.5)%
Lower liquor tax(1)
(0.7)%
Lower promotions and discounts(0.6)%
Menu price increases(0.4)%
Sales mix1.7 %
Lower rebates and discounts0.5 %
Other0.1 %
Net decrease in cost of sales as a percentage of restaurant sales(2.7)%
  
Restaurant wages and related expenses: 
Lower labor costs due to labor efficiencies(2.0)%
Lower payroll taxes(0.2)%
Higher incentive bonus(2)
0.6 %
Other(0.1)%
Net decrease in restaurant wages and related costs as a percentage of restaurant sales(1.7)%
  
Other operating expenses: 
Higher delivery fee expense due to increased delivery channel sales0.9 %
Higher insurance costs and impact of lower sales0.2 %
Lower operating supplies(0.4)%
Lower repair and maintenance costs(0.3)%
Lower utilities costs(0.2)%
Lower restaurant entertainment costs(0.2)%
Other0.1 %
Net increase in other restaurant operating expenses as a percentage of restaurant sales0.1 %
  
Advertising expense: 
Reduced advertising(2.2)%
Net decrease in advertising expense as a percentage of restaurant sales(2.2)%
  
Pre-opening costs: 
Net change in pre-opening costs as a percentage of restaurant sales %
(1) 
Includes the impact of one-time liquor tax refunds and a shift to off-premises alcohol sales.
(2) 
Primarily due to improved controllable operating profit margins and changes to the bonus program structure.

Consolidated Restaurant Rent Expense. Restaurant rent expense includes base rent, contingent rent and common area maintenance and property taxes related to our leases characterized as operating leases. Restaurant rent expense, as a percentage of total restaurant sales, increased to 8.2% in the third quarter of 2020 from 7.3% in the third quarter of 2019 due primarily to the impact of lower restaurant sales.
Consolidated General and Administrative Expenses. General and administrative expenses are comprised primarily of (1) salaries and expenses associated with the development and support of our Company and brands and the management oversight of the operation of our restaurants; and (2) legal, auditing and other professional fees, corporate system costs, and stock-based compensation expense.
General and administrative expenses were $11.9 million for the third quarter of 2020 and $13.8 million for the third quarter of 2019, and as a percentage of total revenues, general and administrative expenses decreased to 8.6% in the third quarter of 2020

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compared to 8.4% in the third quarter of 2019, due primarily to lower management support costs primarily as a result of headcount reductions in the second quarter of 2020, reduced travel and other cost savings initiatives, partially offset by the impact of lower total revenues. General and administrative expenses for the third quarter of 2020 included $0.2 million related to severance costs associated with positions eliminated in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and $0.1 million related to digital and brand repositioning costs. General and administrative expenses for the third quarter of 2019 included $0.2 million related to digital and brand repositioning costs and $0.2 million related to search fees for senior executive positions.
Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA is the primary measure of segment profit or loss used by our chief operating decision maker for purposes of allocating resources to our segments and assessing their performance and is defined as earnings attributable to the applicable segment before interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, impairment and other lease charges, goodwill impairment, closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income, stock-based compensation expense, other expense (income), net and certain significant items that management believes are related to strategic changes and/or are not related to the ongoing operation of our restaurants.
Adjusted EBITDA may not necessarily be comparable to other similarly titled captions of other companies due to differences in methods of calculation. Adjusted EBITDA for each of our segments includes an allocation of general and administrative expenses associated with administrative support for executive management, information systems and certain finance, legal, supply chain, human resources, development, and other administrative functions. Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure of performance. For a discussion of our use of Adjusted EBITDA and Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA and a reconciliation from net income (loss) to Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA, see the heading entitled "Management's Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures."
Adjusted EBITDA for Pollo Tropical decreased to $10.6 million, or 13.6% of total revenues, in the third quarter of 2020 from $11.0 million, or 12.4% of total revenues, in the third quarter of 2019 due primarily to the impact of lower restaurant sales, including the impact of COVID-19, higher delivery fee expense and additional costs related to the COVID-19 pandemic, partially offset by lower advertising expenses, lower cost of sales and labor costs as a percentage of restaurant sales, and lower general and administrative expenses. Adjusted EBITDA for Taco Cabana increased to $4.2 million, or 7.0% of total revenues, in the third quarter of 2020 from $1.2 million, or 1.6% of total revenues, in the third quarter of 2019 due primarily to lower cost of sales and labor costs as a percentage of restaurant sales, lower advertising costs and general and administrative expenses and the impact of the closure of unprofitable restaurants in the first quarter of 2020, partially offset by lower restaurant sales, higher delivery fee expense and additional costs related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA increased to $14.8 million in the third quarter of 2020 from $12.2 million in the third quarter of 2019.
Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA. We also use Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure, as a supplemental measure to evaluate the performance and profitability of our restaurants in the aggregate, which is defined as Adjusted EBITDA excluding franchise royalty revenues and fees, pre-opening costs and general and administrative expenses (including corporate-level general and administrative expenses).
Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA for Pollo Tropical decreased to $16.4 million, or 21.2% of restaurant sales, in the third quarter of 2020 from $17.8 million, or 20.1% of restaurant sales, in the third quarter of 2019 primarily due to the foregoing. Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA for Taco Cabana increased to $8.8 million, or 14.9% of restaurant sales, in the third quarter of 2020 from $6.9 million, or 9.2% of restaurant sales, in the third quarter of 2019 primarily as a result of the foregoing. For a reconciliation from Adjusted EBITDA to Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA, see the heading entitled "Management's Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures."
Depreciation and Amortization. Depreciation and amortization expense decreased to $9.4 million in the third quarter of 2020 from $10.2 million in the third quarter of 2019 due primarily to decreased depreciation as a result of impairing closed restaurant assets, partially offset by an increase in depreciation related to new restaurant openings and ongoing reinvestment and enhancements to our restaurants that have been made since the third quarter of 2019.
Impairment and Other Lease Charges. Impairment and other lease charges decreased to $2.4 million in the third quarter of 2020 from $3.3 million in the third quarter of 2019.
Impairment and other lease charges for the three months ended September 27, 2020 for Pollo Tropical include impairment charges of $2.6 million related primarily to the write-down of saucing islands and self-service soda machines that are being removed from dining rooms as a result of COVID-19 and a gain of $(0.2) million from lease terminations.
Impairment and other lease charges for the three months ended September 29, 2019 for Pollo Tropical include impairment charges of $0.2 million related primarily to additional impairment of equipment from previously closed restaurants. Impairment and other lease charges for the three months ended September 29, 2019 for Taco Cabana include impairment charges of $3.1

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million related primarily to assets for five underperforming restaurants that we continued to operate, three of which closed in January 2020, and equipment from previously impaired restaurants.
Each quarter we assess the potential impairment of any long-lived assets that have experienced a triggering event, including restaurants for which the related trailing twelve-month cash flows are below a certain threshold. We determine if there is impairment at the restaurant level by comparing undiscounted future cash flows from the related long-lived assets, exclusive of operating lease payments, to their respective carrying values, excluding operating lease liabilities. In determining future cash flows, significant estimates are made by us with respect to future operating results of each restaurant over its remaining lease term, including sales trends, labor rates, commodity costs and other operating cost assumptions. If assets are determined to be impaired, the impairment charge is measured by calculating the amount by which the asset group's carrying amount exceeds its fair value. This process of assessing fair values requires the use of estimates and assumptions, including our ability to sell or reuse the related assets and market conditions, and for right-of-use lease assets, current market lease rent and discount rates, which are subject to a high degree of judgment. If these assumptions change in the future, we may be required to record impairment charges for these assets and these charges could be material. Due to the uncertainty associated with the unprecedented nature of the COVID-19 pandemic and the impact it will continue to have on restaurant operations and future cash flows, it is reasonably possible that the estimates of future cash flows used in impairment assessments will change in the near term and the effect of the change could be material. Our current estimates assume that operating restrictions, regulations and directives for restaurants and other changes related to COVID-19 will continue to have a significant impact through at least the first half of 2021 with the greatest impact in the near term.
For four Pollo Tropical restaurants and four Taco Cabana restaurants with combined carrying values (excluding right-of-use lease assets) of $2.8 million and $1.4 million, respectively, projected cash flows are not substantially in excess of their carrying values. In addition, one Pollo Tropical restaurant and one Taco Cabana restaurant with carrying values (excluding right-of-use lease assets) of $1.9 million and $0.9 million, respectively, have initial sales volumes lower than expected but do not have significant operating history to form a good basis for future projections. If the performance of these restaurants does not improve as projected, an impairment charge could be recognized in future periods, and such charge could be material.
Goodwill Impairment. Goodwill impairment was $21.4 million for the third quarter of 2019 and consisted of a non-cash impairment charge to write down the value of goodwill for the Taco Cabana reporting unit.
Closed Restaurant Rent Expense, Net of Sublease Income. Closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income was $1.5 million for the third quarter of 2020 and consisted of closed restaurant rent and ancillary lease costs of $1.7 million and $1.2 million net of sublease income of $1.4 million and $0.1 million for Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana, respectively. Closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income was $0.7 million for the third quarter of 2019 and consisted of closed restaurant rent and ancillary lease costs of $1.6 million and $0.3 million net of sublease income of $1.0 million and $0.2 million for Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana, respectively. Our sublessees are in the restaurant or retail industry and are also experiencing reduced sales volumes and/or temporary closures due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Our sublease income in future periods may be less than it has been historically if our tenants are unable to pay in a timely manner or at all. In addition, for our subleases for which collectability has historically been determined to be probable, we will be required to reverse sublease income receivables we have recognized on a straight-line basis and begin recording sublease income as payments are collected if our assessment of collectability changes and we determine that collectability over the remaining lease term is no longer probable. Straight-line rent receivables and deferred initial direct costs totaled $1.3 million at September 27, 2020.
Other Expense (Income), Net. Other expense (income), net was $(1.3) million for the third quarter of 2020 and primarily consisted of total gains of $(1.6) million on the sale-leaseback of two restaurant properties and the sale of two restaurant properties, partially offset by costs for the removal, transfer, and storage of equipment from closed restaurants and other closed restaurant related costs of $0.3 million. Other expense, net was $0.1 million for the third quarter of 2019 and primarily consisted of $0.1 million for the write-off of site development costs.
Interest Expense. Interest expense increased to $1.2 million in the third quarter of 2020 compared to $0.8 million in the third quarter of 2019 due primarily to higher interest rates under our amended senior credit facility partially offset by a lower borrowing level under our amended senior credit facility.
Benefit from Income Taxes. The effective tax rate was (948.6)% and 11.7% for the third quarter of 2020 and 2019, respectively. The benefit from income taxes for the third quarter of 2020 was derived using the actual effective tax rate for the year to date period, which includes a $1.9 million benefit as a result of reclassifying certain assets as qualified improvement property as permitted by the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the "CARES Act") and other changes to depreciation methods for certain assets made in conjunction with a cost segregation study conducted prior to filing our 2019 federal income tax return and a $2.5 million adjustment to reduce our deferred tax valuation allowance related to this reclassification and filing our 2019 federal income tax returns. The benefit from income taxes for the third quarter of 2019 was derived using an estimated annual effective tax rate of 27.2%, which excludes the discrete impact of tax benefits of $(2.1) million from tax deductible goodwill

29


impairment charges and $(0.4) million from interest on an income tax refund and a tax deficiency from the vesting of restricted shares of $0.2 million.
The CARES Act includes provisions that allow net operating losses arising in 2018, 2019, and 2020 to be carried back for up to five years and includes technical amendments that are retroactive to 2018 which permit certain assets to be classified as qualified improvement property and expensed immediately.
Net Income (Loss). As a result of the foregoing, we had net income of $4.6 million in the third quarter of 2020 compared to a net loss of $22.2 million in the third quarter of 2019.

Nine Months Ended September 27, 2020 Compared to Nine Months Ended September 29, 2019
The following table sets forth, for the nine months ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019, selected consolidated operating results as a percentage of consolidated restaurant sales and select segment operating results as a percentage of applicable segment restaurant sales:
 Nine Months Ended
 September 27, 2020 September 29, 2019 September 27, 2020 September 29, 2019 September 27, 2020 September 29, 2019
 Pollo Tropical Taco Cabana Consolidated
Restaurant sales:           
Pollo Tropical        56.0% 54.5%
Taco Cabana        44.0% 45.5%
Consolidated restaurant sales        100.0% 100.0%
Costs and expenses:           
Cost of sales32.1% 31.6% 29.9% 31.0% 31.1% 31.3%
Restaurant wages and related expenses23.9% 23.3% 31.3% 31.6% 27.1% 27.1%
Restaurant rent expense7.5% 6.0% 9.5% 8.4% 8.4% 7.1%
Other restaurant operating expenses15.5% 13.5% 14.9% 14.0% 15.2% 13.7%
Advertising expense2.4% 3.4% 2.5% 3.7% 2.5% 3.6%
Pre-opening costs% 0.1% % 0.2% % 0.2%
Total revenues decreased 19.1% to $405.9 million in the nine months ended September 27, 2020 from $501.5 million in the nine months ended September 29, 2019. Restaurant sales decreased 19.0% to $404.5 million in the nine months ended September 27, 2020 from $499.5 million in the nine months ended September 29, 2019.
The following table presents the primary drivers of the decreases in restaurant sales for both Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana for the nine months ended September 27, 2020 compared to the nine months ended September 29, 2019 (in millions):
Pollo Tropical: 
Decrease in comparable restaurant sales$(44.6)
Decrease in sales related to closed restaurants, net of new restaurants(0.7)
Total decrease$(45.3)
  
Taco Cabana: 
Decrease in comparable restaurant sales$(32.3)
Decrease in sales related to closed restaurants, net of new restaurants(17.4)
Total decrease$(49.7)
Comparable restaurant sales for Pollo Tropical restaurants decreased 16.8% in the nine months ended September 27, 2020. Comparable restaurant sales for Taco Cabana restaurants decreased 15.7% in the nine months ended September 27, 2020. Comparable restaurant sales for both brands were significantly impacted by governmental restrictions, closed dining rooms, reductions in operating hours and reduced staffing as a result of COVID-19.
For Pollo Tropical, a decrease in comparable restaurant transactions of 23.0% was partially offset by an increase in the net impact of product/channel mix and pricing of 6.2% in the nine months ended September 27, 2020 compared to the nine months

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ended September 29, 2019. The increase in product/channel mix and pricing was driven primarily by increases in delivery and drive-thru average check and sales channel penetration, and menu price increases of 0.2%. As a result of new restaurant openings, sales cannibalization of existing restaurants negatively impacted comparable restaurant sales for Pollo Tropical by 0.2% in the nine months ended September 27, 2020 compared to the nine months ended September 29, 2019.
For Taco Cabana, a decrease in comparable restaurant transactions of 22.7% was partially offset by an increase in net impact of product/channel mix and pricing of 7.0% in the nine months ended September 27, 2020 compared to the nine months ended September 29, 2019. The increase in product/channel mix and pricing was driven primarily by increases in drive-thru and delivery sales channel penetration and growth in average check for drive-thru compared to last year due in part to an increase in transactions that include alcohol and menu price increases of 0.5%.
Franchise revenues decreased by $0.6 million to $1.4 million in the nine months ended September 27, 2020 compared to the nine months ended September 29, 2019 due to lower sales at franchised restaurants in 2020 primarily as a result of COVID-19.
The following tables present the primary drivers of the changes in the components of restaurant operating margins for Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana for the nine months ended September 27, 2020 compared to the nine months ended September 29, 2019. All percentages are stated as a percentage of applicable segment restaurant sales.


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Pollo Tropical: 
Cost of sales: 
Higher commodity costs0.7 %
Sales mix0.4 %
Lower rebates and discounts0.2 %
Higher packaging costs0.1 %
Operating efficiency(0.9)%
Menu price increases(0.1)%
Other0.1 %
Net increase in cost of sales as a percentage of restaurant sales0.5 %
  
Restaurant wages and related expenses: 
Higher labor costs due to COVID-19(1)
0.6 %
Lower labor costs due to labor efficiencies(0.2)%
   Other0.2 %
Net increase in restaurant wages and related costs as a percentage of restaurant sales0.6 %
  
Other operating expenses: 
Higher delivery fee expense due to increased delivery channel sales1.4 %
Higher insurance costs0.2 %
Impact of lower sales on utilities cost0.2 %
Higher linen and uniform expense including COVID-19 masks and the impact of lower sales0.1 %
Lower repair and maintenance costs(0.2)%
Other(2)
0.3 %
Net increase in other restaurant operating expenses as a percentage of restaurant sales2.0 %
  
Advertising expense: 
Reduced advertising(1.0)%
Net decrease in advertising expense as a percentage of restaurant sales(1.0)%
  
Pre-opening costs: 
Decrease in the number of restaurant openings(0.1)%
Net decrease in pre-opening costs as a percentage of restaurant sales(0.1)%
(1) 
Primarily includes the impact of COVID-19 related special incentive pay and quarantine, which is partially offset (0.1%) by lower incentive bonus resulting from the special incentive pay.
(2)
Includes the impact of lower sales on sanitation costs and operating supplies.




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Taco Cabana: 
Cost of sales: 
Lower commodity costs(1.5)%
Operating efficiency(0.8)%
Lower promotions and discounts(0.2)%
Menu price increases(0.1)%
Sales mix1.3 %
Lower rebates and discounts0.3 %
Other(0.1)%
Net decrease in cost of sales as a percentage of restaurant sales(1.1)%
  
Restaurant wages and related expenses: 
Lower labor costs due to labor efficiencies(1.1)%
Higher labor costs due to COVID-19(1)
0.9 %
   Other(0.1)%
Net decrease in restaurant wages and related costs as a percentage of restaurant sales(0.3)%
  
Other operating expenses: 
Higher delivery fee expense due to increased delivery channel sales0.8 %
Higher linen and uniform expense including COVID-19 masks and the impact of lower sales0.1 %
Lower repairs and maintenance(0.2)%
   Other0.2 %
Net increase in other restaurant operating expenses as a percentage of restaurant sales0.9 %
  
Advertising expense: 
Reduced advertising(1.2)%
Net decrease in advertising expense as a percentage of restaurant sales(1.2)%
  
Pre-opening costs: 
Decrease in the number of restaurant openings(0.2)%
Net decrease in pre-opening costs as a percentage of restaurant sales(0.2)%
(1) 
Primarily includes the impact of COVID-19 related special incentive pay and quarantine pay, which is partially offset (0.1%) by lower incentive bonus resulting from the special incentive pay.
Consolidated Restaurant Rent Expense. Restaurant rent expense, as a percentage of total restaurant sales, increased to 8.4% in the nine months ended September 27, 2020 from 7.1% in the nine months ended September 29, 2019 due primarily to the impact of lower comparable restaurant sales.
Consolidated General and Administrative Expenses. General and administrative expenses were $38.5 million for the nine months ended September 27, 2020 and $42.4 million for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 and, as a percentage of total revenues, general and administrative expenses increased to 9.5% in the nine months ended September 27, 2020 compared to 8.5% in the nine months ended September 29, 2019 due primarily to the impact of lower total revenues partially offset by lower management support costs primarily as a result of headcount reductions for the nine months ended September 27, 2020. General and administrative expense for the nine months ended September 27, 2020 also included $1.1 million related to severance costs associated with positions eliminated in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, $0.4 million related to digital and brand repositioning costs and $0.1 million related to search fees for senior executive positions. General and administrative expenses for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 included $1.0 million related to restructuring costs due to eliminated or relocated positions, $0.2 million related to digital and brand repositioning costs and $0.4 million related to search fees for senior executive positions.
Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA for Pollo Tropical decreased to $24.4 million, or 10.7% of total revenues, in the nine months ended September 27, 2020 from $39.9 million, or 14.6% of total revenues, in the nine months ended September 29, 2019 due primarily to the impact of lower restaurant sales, including the impact of COVID-19, higher delivery fee expense, higher cost

33


of sales as a percentage of restaurant sales and additional costs related to the COVID-19 pandemic, partially offset by lower advertising and general and administrative expenses. Adjusted EBITDA for Taco Cabana decreased to $5.9 million, or 3.3% of total revenues, in the nine months ended September 27, 2020 from $8.2 million, or 3.6% of total revenues, in the nine months ended September 29, 2019 due primarily to the impact of lower restaurant sales, including the impact of COVID-19, higher delivery fee expense and additional costs related to the COVID-19 pandemic, partially offset by lower cost of sales as a percentage of restaurant sales, advertising expenses, labor costs as a percentage of restaurant sales due to labor efficiencies, and general and administrative expenses and the impact of the closure of unprofitable restaurants in the first quarter of 2020. Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA decreased to $30.3 million in the nine months ended September 27, 2020 from $48.1 million in the nine months ended September 29, 2019.
Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA. Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA for Pollo Tropical decreased to $42.2 million, or 18.6% of restaurant sales, in the nine months ended September 27, 2020 from $60.4 million, or 22.2% of restaurant sales, in the nine months ended September 29, 2019 due primarily to the foregoing. Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA for Taco Cabana decreased to $21.4 million, or 12.0% of restaurant sales, in the nine months ended September 27, 2020 from $25.9 million, or 11.4% of restaurant sales, in the nine months ended September 29, 2019 as a result of the foregoing. For a reconciliation from Adjusted EBITDA to Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA, see the heading entitled "Management's Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures."
Depreciation and Amortization. Depreciation and amortization expense decreased to $28.4 million in the nine months ended September 27, 2020 from $29.5 million in the nine months ended September 29, 2019 due primarily to decreased depreciation as a result of impairing closed restaurant assets, partially offset by an increase in depreciation related to new restaurant openings and ongoing reinvestment and enhancements to our restaurants that have been made since the third quarter of 2019.
Impairment and Other Lease Charges. Impairment and other lease charges increased to $8.9 million in the nine months ended September 27, 2020 from $4.7 million in the nine months ended September 29, 2019.
Impairment and other lease charges for the nine months ended September 27, 2020 for Pollo Tropical include impairment charges of $7.3 million related primarily to the impairment of assets from three underperforming Pollo Tropical restaurants, two of which we closed in the third quarter of 2020, the write-down of assets held for sale to their fair value less costs to sell, and the write-down of saucing islands and self-service soda machines that are being removed from dining rooms as a result of COVID-19, and lease termination charges of $0.9 million for restaurant locations we decided not to develop, net of a gain from lease terminations of $(0.2) million. Impairment and other lease charges for the nine months ended September 27, 2020 for Taco Cabana include impairment charges of $1.1 million related primarily to the write-down of assets held for sale to their fair value less costs to sell and the impairment of assets for two underperforming Taco Cabana restaurants that we continue to operate, and a gain of $(0.2) million from a lease termination.
Impairment and other lease charges for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 for Pollo Tropical include impairment charges of $0.6 million related primarily to additional impairment of equipment from previously closed restaurants and a lease charge recoveries benefit related to previously closed restaurant lease terminations of $(0.8) million. Impairment and other lease charges for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 for Taco Cabana include impairment charges of $4.9 million related primarily to impairment of assets for eight underperforming restaurants that we continued to operate, equipment from previously impaired restaurants and a lease charge recoveries benefit related to previously closed restaurant lease terminations of $(0.1) million.
Goodwill Impairment. Goodwill impairment was $67.9 million for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 and consisted of a non-cash impairment charge to write down the value of goodwill for the Taco Cabana reporting unit.
Closed Restaurant Rent Expense, Net of Sublease Income. Closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income was $4.9 million for the nine months ended September 27, 2020 and consisted of closed restaurant rent and ancillary lease costs of $5.2 million and $3.7 million net of sublease income of $3.6 million and $0.3 million for Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana, respectively. Closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income was $3.5 million for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 and consisted of closed restaurant rent and ancillary lease costs of $5.1 million and $1.1 million net of sublease income of $2.4 million and $0.4 million for Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana, respectively.
Other Expense (Income), Net. Other expense, net was $0.4 million for the nine months ended September 27, 2020 and primarily consisted of $1.4 million in costs for the removal, transfer, and storage of equipment from closed restaurants and other closed restaurant related costs and $0.6 million for the write-off of site development costs, partially offset by total gains of $(1.6) million on the sale-leaseback of two restaurant properties and the sale of two restaurant properties. Other expense, net was $0.9 million for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 and primarily consisted of $0.7 million in costs for the removal, transfer, and storage of equipment from closed restaurants and $0.1 million for the write-off of site development costs.

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Interest Expense. Interest expense increased to $3.4 million for the nine months ended September 27, 2020 compared to $3.0 million for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 due to a higher borrowing level under our amended senior credit facility and higher interest rates.
Benefit from Income Taxes. The effective tax rate was 44.6% and 2.1% for the nine months ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019, respectively. The benefit from income taxes for the nine months ended September 27, 2020 was derived using the actual effective tax rate for the year to date period, which includes a benefit of $1.9 million related to the carryback of net operating losses as a result of the CARES Act, a $1.9 million benefit as a result reclassifying certain assets as qualified improvement property as permitted by the CARES Act and other changes to depreciation methods for certain assets made in conjunction with a cost segregation study conducted prior to filing our 2019 federal income tax return, a $2.5 million adjustment to reduce our deferred tax valuation allowance related to this reclassification and filing our 2019 federal income tax returns, and a tax deficiency from the vesting of restricted shares of $0.5 million. The benefit from income taxes for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 was derived using an estimated effective annual income tax rate of 27.2%, which excludes the discrete impact of tax benefits of $(2.1) million from tax deductible goodwill impairment charges and $(0.4) million from interest on an income tax refund and a tax deficiency from the vesting of restricted shares of $0.2 million.
The CARES Act includes provisions that eliminate the 80% of taxable income limitation for certain net operating loss carryforward deductions and allow net operating losses arising in 2018, 2019, and 2020 to be carried back for up to five years and includes technical amendments that are retroactive to 2018 which permit certain assets to be classified as qualified improvement property and expensed immediately.
Net Loss. As a result of the foregoing, we had a net loss of $11.1 million for the nine months ended September 27, 2020 compared to a net loss of $63.3 million for the nine months ended September 29, 2019.

Liquidity and Capital Resources
We do not have significant receivables or inventory and receive trade credit based upon negotiated terms in purchasing food products and other supplies. We are able to operate with a substantial working capital deficit because:
restaurant operations are primarily conducted on a cash basis;
rapid turnover results in a limited investment in inventories; and
cash from sales is usually received before related liabilities for food, supplies and payroll become due.
Capital expenditures and payments related to our lease obligations represent significant liquidity requirements for us. We believe cash generated from our operations and the sale of owned property (including sale-leaseback transactions) and availability of borrowings under our amended senior credit facility will provide sufficient cash availability to cover our anticipated working capital needs, capital expenditures and debt service requirements for the next twelve months.
On July 10, 2020, we executed an amendment to our senior credit facility that includes adjustments to our covenants that are more reflective of current sales and profit trends. For the remainder of 2020, the only applicable financial covenants under our amended senior credit facility that require compliance will be a minimum liquidity target and a maximum capital expenditure covenant. During the second quarter we borrowed all available funds under our senior credit facility. We repaid $30.0 million on July 10, 2020, an additional $76.6 million through September 27, 2020, and an additional $20.4 million through November 2, 2020. On November 2, 2020, there were $19.5 million in outstanding revolving credit borrowings under our amended senior credit facility. See Note 5 to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and "Amended Senior Credit Facility" below for a further discussion.
Operating Activities. Net cash provided by operating activities in the first nine months of 2020 and 2019 was $47.0 million and $51.0 million, respectively. The decrease in net cash provided by operating activities in the nine months ended September 27, 2020 was primarily driven by a decrease in Adjusted EBITDA, partially offset by the timing of payments including the impact of vendor and landlord payment term renegotiations.
Investing Activities. Net cash used in investing activities in the first nine months of 2020 and 2019 was $2.8 million and $32.3 million, respectively. Capital expenditures are the largest component of our investing activities and include: (1) new restaurant development, which may include the purchase of real estate; (2) restaurant remodeling/reimaging, which includes the renovation or rebuilding of the interior and exterior of our existing restaurants; (3) other restaurant capital expenditures, which include capital maintenance expenditures for the ongoing reinvestment and enhancement of our restaurants; and (4) corporate and restaurant information systems.

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The following table sets forth our capital expenditures for the periods presented (dollars in thousands).
 
Pollo
Tropical
 
Taco
Cabana
 Other Consolidated
Nine Months Ended September 27, 2020:       
New restaurant development$992
 $854
 $
 $1,846
Restaurant remodeling357
 730
 
 1,087
Other restaurant capital expenditures(1)
3,226
 2,621
 
 5,847
Corporate and restaurant information systems926
 567
 1,643
 3,136
Total capital expenditures$5,501
 $4,772
 $1,643
 $11,916
Number of new restaurant openings
 1
   1
Nine Months Ended September 29, 2019:       
New restaurant development$6,822
 $3,859
 $
 $10,681
Restaurant remodeling182
 186
 
 368
Other restaurant capital expenditures(1)
8,626
 7,219
 
 15,845
Corporate and restaurant information systems2,565
 3,718
 896
 7,179
Total capital expenditures$18,195
 $14,982
 $896
 $34,073
Number of new restaurant openings2
 3
 
 5
(1) 
Excludes restaurant repair and maintenance expenses included in other restaurant operating expenses in our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. For the nine months ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019, total restaurant repair and maintenance expenses were approximately $12.8 million and $16.8 million, respectively.
Cash used in investing activities in the first nine months of 2020 included net proceeds of $6.3 million from the sale-leaseback of two restaurant properties and $2.9 million from the sale of an additional two restaurant properties. Cash used in investing activities in the first nine months of 2019 included net proceeds from the sale of one restaurant property of $1.8 million.
Total capital expenditures in 2020 will not exceed $22.0 million.
Financing Activities. Net cash used in financing activities in the first nine months of 2020 was $39.6 million and included net revolving credit borrowing repayments under our amended senior credit facility of $35.1 million and $3.7 million in payments to repurchase our common stock, as well as borrowings and subsequent repayment of funds pursuant to the Paycheck Protection Program under the CARES Act. Net cash used in financing activities in the first nine months of 2019 included net revolving credit borrowing repayments under our senior credit facility of $9.0 million combined with $11.4 million in payments to repurchase our common stock.
Amended Senior Credit Facility. On July 10, 2020, we entered into the amended senior credit facility. The amended senior credit facility reduced aggregate maximum commitments available for revolving credit borrowings (including standby letters of credit) under the amended senior credit facility (the "revolving commitment") by $30.0 million to $120.0 million on July 10, 2020. The amended senior credit facility further reduces the revolving commitment by (i) $15.0 million to $105.0 million on January 3, 2021 and (ii) $10.0 million to $95.0 million on April 4, 2021.
The amended senior credit facility provides that Fiesta is not required to be in compliance with the Adjusted Leverage Ratio and Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio covenants (each as amended and defined in the amended senior credit facility agreement) under the amended senior credit facility from July 10, 2020 through April 3, 2021. Fiesta is required to be in compliance with the Adjusted Leverage Ratio and Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio beginning with the fiscal quarter ending April 4, 2021 (the first quarter of 2021). After April 3, 2021, we will be permitted to exercise equity cures with respect to compliance with the Adjusted Leverage Ratio and Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio provided that, among other items, (i) the equity raised is from the issuance of common stock of Fiesta, (ii) not less than 50% of the net proceeds received by us from the issuance of Fiesta common stock are immediately used to prepay outstanding revolving credit borrowings under the amended senior credit facility which will result in a corresponding reduction of the revolving commitment by such amount, (iii) the amount of the equity cure is not more than $5.0 million in any fiscal quarter, and (iv) the aggregate amount of all equity cures do not exceed $15.0 million. The amended senior secured credit facility also provides that Fiesta must maintain minimum liquidity (as defined in the amended senior credit facility, generally unrestricted cash plus available borrowings under the amended senior credit facility) of (i) $40.0 million through September 27, 2020, (ii) $30.0 million from September 28, 2020 through January 3, 2021 and (iii) $25.0 million on January 4, 2021 and thereafter (the "Liquidity Covenant").

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Borrowings under the amended senior credit facility bear interest at a rate per annum, at our option, of (a) the Alternate Base Rate (as defined in the amended senior credit facility) plus the Applicable Rate (as defined in the amended senior credit facility) of 4.0% with a minimum Alternate Base Rate of 2.0% or (b) the Adjusted LIBOR Rate (as defined in the amended senior credit facility) plus the Applicable Rate of 5.0% with a minimum Adjusted LIBOR Rate of 1.0%. Pursuant to the amended senior credit facility, we will be subject to a commitment fee of 0.50% per annum on the daily amount of the unused portion of the facility.
The outstanding borrowings under the amended senior credit facility are prepayable without penalty (other than customary breakage costs). The amended senior credit facility provides that for any of the following by Fiesta, (i) the sale of certain specified real property, including pursuant to sale-leaseback transactions, (ii) the issuance of equity of Fiesta (other than under our 2012 Stock Incentive Plan, subject to the restrictions set forth in the amended senior credit facility), (iii) the incurrence of certain indebtedness and (iv) the receipt of insurance proceeds (each a "prepayment event"), (a) if such prepayment event occurs prior to April 4, 2021, 100% of the net proceeds of such prepayment event received by us in each case must be used to reduce the outstanding revolving credit borrowings under the amended senior credit facility which will result in a corresponding reduction of the revolving commitment and (b) beginning April 4, 2021, (1) 50% of the net proceeds received by us pursuant to the issuance of equity of Fiesta described above and the sale of real property pursuant to a sale-leaseback transaction in each case must be used to reduce the outstanding revolving credit borrowings under the amended senior credit facility which will result in a corresponding reduction of the revolving commitment and (2) 100% of the net proceeds received by us pursuant to prepayment event other those identified in (1) above, in each case must be used to reduce the outstanding revolving credit borrowings under the amended senior credit facility which will result in a corresponding reduction of the revolving commitment. As of September 27, 2020, the outstanding revolving credit borrowings and revolving commitment were reduced by $9.1 million from proceeds received. The amended senior credit facility further provides that we must prepay outstanding revolving credit borrowings if the outstanding revolving credit borrowings exceed $75.0 million and excess cash (defined in the amended senior credit facility) of Fiesta exceeds $20.0 million.
The amended senior credit facility contains certain covenants, including, without limitation, those limiting Fiesta's ability to, among other things, incur indebtedness, incur liens, sell or acquire assets or businesses, change the character of its business in any material respects, engage in transactions with related parties, make certain investments, make certain restricted payments or pay dividends, including, without limitation, (i) that capital expenditures by Fiesta cannot exceed an aggregate of $22.0 million for each of the fiscal years ending 2020 and 2021 and cannot exceed an aggregate of $25.0 million for the fiscal year ending 2022 (the "Capital Expenditures Covenant") and (ii) limiting the construction or development of new restaurants to one Pollo Tropical prototype restaurant in 2021 and three Pollo Tropical prototype restaurants in 2022, provided further that (a) no default shall have occurred and be continuing or would exist after giving effect to the construction or development of the new Pollo Tropical restaurant(s), (b) after giving effect to the construction or development of such new Pollo Tropical restaurant(s) on a pro forma basis Fiesta is in compliance with each of the Liquidity Covenant, the Adjusted Leverage Ratio, the Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio and the Capital Expenditures Covenant, (c) the aggregate revolving commitment is less than or equal to $95.0 million and (d) after giving effect to the construction or development of such new Pollo Tropical restaurant(s) on a pro forma basis, liquidity is greater than or equal to the sum of $5.0 million plus the amount of minimum liquidity required on such date pursuant to the Liquidity Covenant.
The amended senior credit facility also provides that we will be required to engage a financial advisor or chief restructuring officer if we are not in compliance with certain milestones, including, among other items, (i) using commercially reasonable efforts to refinance and pay in full the obligations under the amended senior credit facility, (ii) furnishing a written assessment and reasonable action plan for the disposition of owned real property with a targeted gross value of $30.0 million and complying with such action plan, (iii) furnishing a written plan for executing certain actions intended to improve service levels, reduce costs and increase efficiency, (iv) providing a proposed timeline for completion of a shelf registration with the Securities and Exchange Commission for the issuance of common equity interests of Fiesta, (v) maintaining $30.0 million of liquidity on October 1, 2020, (vi) on or before October 1, 2020, furnishing information demonstrating compliance with the Adjusted Leverage Ratio, the Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio, the Liquidity Covenant and the Capital Expenditures Covenant, (vii) no default shall have occurred and (viii) compliance at all times with the Adjusted Leverage Ratio, the Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio, the Liquidity Covenant and the Capital Expenditures Covenant.
All obligations under the amended senior credit facility are secured by all of our assets (including a pledge of all of the capital stock and equity interests of all our subsidiaries) pursuant to an amended and restated security agreement. Under the amended senior credit facility, the lenders may terminate their obligation to advance and may declare the unpaid balance of borrowings, or any part thereof, immediately due and payable upon the occurrence and during the continuance of customary defaults which include, without limitation, payment default, covenant defaults, bankruptcy type defaults, defaults on other indebtedness, certain judgments or upon the occurrence of a change of control (as specified in the amended senior credit facility).

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Our amended senior credit facility contains customary default provisions, including without limitation, a cross default provision pursuant to which it is an event of default under this facility if there is a default under any of our indebtedness having an outstanding principal amount of $5.0 million or more which results in the acceleration of such indebtedness prior to its stated maturity or is caused by a failure to pay principal when due.
Our amended senior credit facility matures on November 30, 2022.
On September 27, 2020, there were $39.9 million in outstanding revolving credit borrowings under our amended senior credit facility.
After reserving $3.5 million for letters of credit issued under our amended senior credit facility, $67.5 million was available for borrowing at September 27, 2020.
Senior Credit Facility. Prior to July 10, 2020, our senior credit facility provided for aggregate revolving credit borrowings of up to $150.0 million (including up to $15.0 million available for letters of credit). Prior to July 10, 2020, the senior credit facility also provided for potential incremental increases of up to $50.0 million to the revolving credit borrowings available under the senior credit facility.
Prior to July 10, 2020, borrowings under the senior credit facility bore interest at a per annum rate, at our option, equal to either (all terms as defined in the senior credit facility):
1)the Alternate Base Rate plus the applicable margin of 0.75% to 1.50% based on our Adjusted Leverage Ratio, or
2)the LIBOR Rate plus the applicable margin of 1.75% to 2.50% based on our Adjusted Leverage Ratio.
In addition, prior to July 10, 2020, the senior credit facility required us to pay (i) a commitment fee based on the applicable Commitment Fee rate of 0.25% to 0.35%, based on our Adjusted Leverage Ratio, and the unused portion of the facility and (ii) a letter of credit fee based on the applicable LIBOR margin and the dollar amount of outstanding letters of credit.
All obligations under the senior credit facility were guaranteed by all of our material domestic subsidiaries. In general, prior to July 10, 2020, our obligations under our senior credit facility and our subsidiaries' obligations under the guarantees were secured by a first priority lien and security interest on substantially all of our assets and the assets of our material subsidiaries (including a pledge of all of the capital stock and equity interests of our material subsidiaries), other than certain specified assets, including real property owned by us or our subsidiaries.
The outstanding borrowings under the senior credit facility were prepayable subject to breakage costs as defined in the senior credit facility agreement. Prior to July 10, 2020, the senior credit facility required us to comply with customary affirmative, negative and financial covenants, including, without limitation, those limiting our and our subsidiaries' ability to (i) incur indebtedness, (ii) incur liens, (iii) loan, advance, or make acquisitions and other investments or other commitments to construct, acquire or develop new restaurants (subject to certain exceptions), (iv) pay dividends, (v) redeem and repurchase equity interests (subject to certain exceptions), (vi) conduct asset and restaurant sales and other dispositions (subject to certain exceptions), (vii) conduct transactions with affiliates and (viii) change our business. In addition, prior to July 10, 2020, the senior credit facility required us to maintain certain financial ratios, including minimum Fixed Charge Coverage and maximum Adjusted Leverage Ratios (all as defined under the senior credit facility agreement).
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements and Contractual Obligations
We have no off-balance sheet arrangements.
There have been no significant changes outside the ordinary course of business to our contractual obligations since December 29, 2019. Information regarding our contractual obligations is included under "Contractual Obligations" in Part II, Item 7, "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 29, 2019.
Inflation
The inflationary factors that have historically affected our results of operations include increases in food and paper costs, labor and other operating expenses and energy costs. Labor costs in our restaurants are impacted by changes in the federal and state hourly minimum wage rates as well as changes in payroll related taxes, including federal and state unemployment taxes. We typically attempt to offset the effect of inflation, at least in part, through periodic menu price increases and various cost reduction programs. However, no assurance can be given that we will be able to fully offset such inflationary cost increases in the future.

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Application of Critical Accounting Policies
Our unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Preparing consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses. These estimates and assumptions are affected by the application of our accounting policies. Our significant accounting policies are described in the "Basis of Presentation" footnote in the notes to our consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 29, 2019 included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 29, 2019. Critical accounting estimates are those that require application of management's most difficult, subjective or complex judgments, often as a result of matters that are inherently uncertain and may change in subsequent periods. There have been no material changes affecting our critical accounting policies for the nine months ended September 27, 2020.
Management's Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. We use Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA in addition to net income and income from operations to assess our performance, and we believe it is important for investors to be able to evaluate us using the same measures used by management. We believe this measure is an important indicator of our operational strength and the performance of our business. Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA as calculated by us is not necessarily comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies, and should not be considered as an alternative to net income, earnings per share, cash flows from operating activities or other financial information determined under GAAP.
The primary measure of segment profit or loss used by the chief operating decision maker to assess performance and allocate resources is Adjusted EBITDA, which is defined as earnings attributable to the applicable operating segments before interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, impairment and other lease charges, goodwill impairment, closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income, stock-based compensation expense, other expense (income), net, and certain significant items for each segment that management believes are related to strategic changes and/or are not related to the ongoing operation of our restaurants as set forth in the reconciliation table below. Adjusted EBITDA for each of our segments includes an allocation of general and administrative expenses associated with administrative support for executive management, information systems and certain finance, legal, supply chain, human resources, construction and other administrative functions. See Note 7 to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
We also use Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA as a supplemental measure to evaluate the performance and profitability of our restaurants in the aggregate, which is defined as Adjusted EBITDA for the applicable segment excluding franchise royalty revenues and fees, pre-opening costs, and general and administrative expenses (including corporate-level general and administrative expenses). Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA is also a non-GAAP financial measure.
Management believes that Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA and Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA, when viewed with our results of operations calculated in accordance with GAAP and our reconciliation of net income (loss) to Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA and Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA (i) provide useful information about our operating performance and period-over-period changes, (ii) provide additional information that is useful for evaluating the operating performance of our business and (iii) permit investors to gain an understanding of the factors and trends affecting our ongoing earnings, from which capital investments are made and debt is serviced. However, such measures are not measures of financial performance or liquidity under GAAP and, accordingly, should not be considered as alternatives to net income or cash flow from operating activities as indicators of operating performance or liquidity. Also these measures may not be comparable to similarly titled captions of other companies.
All such financial measures have important limitations as analytical tools. These limitations include the following:
such financial information does not reflect our capital expenditures, future requirements for capital expenditures or contractual commitments to purchase capital equipment;
such financial information does not reflect interest expense or the cash requirements necessary to service payments on our debt;
although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets that we currently depreciate and amortize will likely have to be replaced in the future, and such financial information does not reflect the cash required to fund such replacements; and
such financial information does not reflect the effect of earnings or charges resulting from matters that our management does not consider to be indicative of our ongoing operations. However, some of these charges and gains (such as impairment and other lease charges, closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income, other income and expense and stock-based compensation expense) have recurred and may recur.

39


A reconciliation from consolidated net income to Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA follows (in thousands):
  Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
  September 27, 2020 September 29, 2019 September 27, 2020 September 29, 2019
         
Net income (loss) $4,593
 $(22,182) $(11,067) $(63,333)
Benefit from income taxes (4,155) (2,946) (8,903) (1,377)
Income (loss) before income taxes 438
 (25,128) (19,970) (64,710)
Add:        
     Non-general and administrative expense adjustments:        
          Depreciation and amortization 9,432
 10,165
 28,427
 29,520
          Impairment and other lease charges 2,404
 3,254
 8,922
 4,667
Goodwill impairment 
 21,424
 
 67,909
          Interest expense 1,172
 823
 3,370
 3,024
          Closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income 1,481
 726
 4,943
 3,485
          Loss on extinguishment of debt 212
 
 212
 
          Other expense (income), net (1,304) 64
 388
 920
          Stock-based compensation expense in restaurant wages 47
 102
 152
 145
                Total non-general and administrative expense adjustments 13,444
 36,558
 46,414
 109,670
     General and administrative expense adjustments:        
          Stock-based compensation expense 597
 509
 2,332
 1,993
          Restructuring costs and retention bonuses(1)
 216
 
 1,107
 964
          Digital and brand repositioning costs(2)
 98
 215
 448
 215
               Total general and administrative expense adjustments 911
 724
 3,887
 3,172
Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA $14,793
 $12,154
 $30,331
 $48,132
Total revenues $137,332
 $164,248
 $405,899
 $501,481
Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of total revenues 10.8% 7.4% 7.5% 9.6%
(1)
Restructuring costs and retention bonuses for the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020 include severance costs related to terminations in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Restructuring costs and retention bonuses for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019 primarily include severance costs related to eliminated positions.
(2)
Digital and brand repositioning costs for the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019 include consulting costs related to repositioning the digital experience for our customers.


40


A reconciliation from Adjusted EBITDA to Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended Pollo Tropical Taco Cabana
September 27, 2020:    
Adjusted EBITDA $10,621
 $4,172
Restaurant-level adjustments:    
          Add: Pre-opening costs 
 
          Add: Other general and administrative expense(1)
 6,145
 4,799
          Less: Franchise royalty revenue and fees 336
 177
Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA $16,430
 $8,794
Restaurant sales $77,604
 $59,215
Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of restaurant sales 21.2% 14.9%
     
September 29, 2019:    
Adjusted EBITDA $10,980
 $1,174
Restaurant-level adjustments:    
          Add: Pre-opening costs 68
 9
          Add: Other general and administrative expense(1)
 7,135
 5,961
          Less: Franchise royalty revenue and fees 432
 227
Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA $17,751
 $6,917
Restaurant sales $88,309
 $75,280
Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of restaurant sales 20.1% 9.2%
     
Nine Months Ended Pollo Tropical Taco Cabana
September 27, 2020:    
Adjusted EBITDA $24,394
 $5,937
Restaurant-level adjustments:    
          Add: Pre-opening costs 
 69
          Add: Other general and administrative expense(1)
 18,694
 15,946
          Less: Franchise royalty revenue and fees 886
 561
Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA $42,202
 $21,391
Restaurant sales $226,617
 $177,835
Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of restaurant sales 18.6% 12.0%
     
September 29, 2019:    
Adjusted EBITDA $39,943
 $8,189
Restaurant-level adjustments:    
          Add: Pre-opening costs 307
 556
          Add: Other general and administrative expense(1)
 21,427
 17,788
          Less: Franchise royalty revenue and fees 1,325
 673
Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA $60,352
 $25,860
Restaurant sales $271,955
 $227,528
Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of restaurant sales 22.2% 11.4%
(1) Excludes general and administrative adjustments included in Adjusted EBITDA.

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Forward Looking Statements
Matters discussed in this report and in our public disclosures, whether written or oral, relating to future events or our future performance, including any discussion, express or implied, regarding our anticipated growth, operating results, future earnings per share, plans, objectives, the impact of our other business initiatives, the impact of our initiatives designed to strengthen our liquidity and cash position, including those related to working capital efficiency initiatives and sales of real property and the impact of the recent COVID-19 outbreak and our initiatives designed to respond to the COVID-19 outbreak on future sales, margins, earnings and liquidity, contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, (the "Exchange Act"). These statements are often identified by the words "believe," "positioned," "estimate," "project," "plan," "goal," "target," "assumption," "continue," "intend," "expect," "future," "anticipate," and other similar expressions, whether in the negative or the affirmative, that are not statements of historical fact. These forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve certain risks, uncertainties, and assumptions that are difficult to predict, and you should not place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements. Our actual results and the timing of certain events could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors, including, but not limited to, those set forth under "Risk Factors" and elsewhere in this report and in our other public filings with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). All forward-looking statements and the internal projections and beliefs upon which we base our expectations included in this report or other periodic reports represent our estimates as of the date made and should not be relied upon as representing our estimates as of any subsequent date. While we may elect to update forward-looking statements at some point in the future, we expressly disclaim any obligation to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise.


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ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
Commodity Price Risk
We purchase certain products which are affected by commodity prices and are, therefore, subject to price volatility caused by weather, market conditions and other factors which are not considered predictable or within our control. Although many of the products purchased are subject to changes in commodity prices, certain purchasing contracts or pricing arrangements have been negotiated in advance to minimize price volatility. Where possible, we use these types of purchasing techniques to control costs as an alternative to using financial instruments to hedge commodity prices. In many cases, we believe we will be able to address commodity cost increases that are significant and appear to be long-term in nature by adjusting our menu pricing. However, long-term increases in commodity prices may result in lower restaurant-level operating margins.
There were no material changes from the information presented in Item 7A included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 29, 2019 with respect to our market risk sensitive instruments.
ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
Disclosure Controls and Procedures. Our senior management is responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act")), designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission's rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by an issuer in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the issuer's management, including its principal executive officer or officers and principal financial officer or officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures. We have evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this report, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as well as other key members of our management. Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of September 27, 2020.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting. No change occurred in our internal control over financial reporting during the third quarter of 2020 that materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings

We are a party to various litigation matters incidental to the conduct of business. We do not believe that the outcome of any of these matters will have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations or financial condition.

Item 1A. Risk Factors
Part 1—Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 29, 2019, describes important factors that could cause our actual operating results to differ materially from those indicated or suggested by forward-looking statements made in this Form 10-Q or presented elsewhere by management from time-to-time. The Company's risk factor disclosure has been updated to add the following:
Pandemics or disease outbreaks, such as the current novel coronavirus (COVID-19 virus) pandemic may disrupt our business, which could materially affect our operations and results of operations.
Pandemics or disease outbreaks such as the current novel coronavirus (COVID-19 virus) pandemic, have and may continue to impact customer traffic at our restaurants, may make it more difficult to staff our restaurants and, in more severe cases, may cause a temporary inability to obtain supplies, increase commodity costs or cause full and partial closures of our affected restaurants, sometimes for prolonged periods of time. We have temporarily shifted to a "to-go" only operating model at many of our Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana restaurants in Florida and Texas, suspending sit-down dining and serving our guests through take-out, drive-thru and delivery. We have also implemented closures, modified hours or reductions in on-site staff, resulting in canceled

43


shifts for some of our employees. COVID-19 may also materially adversely affect our ability to implement our growth plans, including delays in construction of new restaurants. These changes and any additional changes may materially adversely affect our business or results of operations, and may impact our liquidity or financial condition, particularly if these changes are in place for a significant amount of time. In addition, our operations could be disrupted if any of our employees or employees of our business partners were or are suspected of having COVID-19 or other illnesses since this could require us or our business partners to quarantine some or all such employees or close and disinfect our restaurant facilities. If a significant percentage of our workforce or the workforce of our business partners are unable to work, including because of illness or travel or government restrictions in connection with pandemics or disease outbreaks (including the current COVID-19 pandemic), our operations may be negatively impacted, potentially materially adversely affecting our business, liquidity, financial condition or results of operations. Furthermore, such viruses may be transmitted through human contact, and the risk of contracting viruses could cause employees or guests to avoid gathering in public places, which has had, and could further have, adverse effects on our restaurant guest traffic or the ability to adequately staff restaurants, in addition to the measures we have already taken with respect to moving to "to-go" only operations. We could also be adversely affected if government authorities continue to impose additional restrictions on public gatherings, human interactions, operations of restaurants or mandatory closures, seek voluntary closures, restrict hours of operations or impose curfews, restrict the import or export of products or if suppliers issue mass recalls of products. Currently, several states and municipalities in the U.S. and abroad have temporarily placed restrictions on the operation of dining in at restaurants in light of changing conditions and infection rates with respect to COVID-19, including in Dade and Broward Counties, Florida and various municipalities in Texas. Additional regulation or requirements with respect to the compensation of our employees could also have an adverse effect on our business. Even if such measures are not implemented and a virus or other disease does not spread significantly, the perceived risk of infection or health risk may adversely affect our business, liquidity, financial condition and results of operations.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
None.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
None.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Not applicable.
Item 5. Other Information
On November 3, 2020, the Compensation Committee (the "Committee") of the Company awarded special one-time retention awards of restricted common stock of the Company pursuant to the Company's 2012 Stock Incentive Plan, as amended (the "Plan") to certain of its executive officers, including Richard Stockinger, the Company's Chief Executive Officer and President, Dirk Montgomery, the Company's Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer and Louis DiPietro, the Company's Senior Vice President, General Counsel, Chief Legal and People Officer and Secretary (the "Grants"). The Grants provide that each recipient shall receive restricted common stock of the Company equal to one and a half times of each recipient's annual base salary on November 11, 2020 (the "Grant Date") valued at the closing market price of the Company's common stock on the Grant Date. The Grants will vest in their entirety on the second anniversary of the Grant Date. As a condition to the issuance of the Grants, certain recipients were required to enter into an agreement to not compete with the Company for a period ending one year after such recipient's termination of employment with the Company.


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Item 6. Exhibits
(a) The following exhibits are filed as part of this report.
   
Exhibit
No.
  
   
 
  
 
  
 
  
 
  
101.INS XBRL Instance Document—the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document
  
101.SCH Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
  
101.CAL Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
  
101.DEF Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
  
101.LAB Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
  
101.PRE Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
   
104 Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)
   
 

+ Compensatory plan or arrangement


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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
  
Date: November 4, 2020/s/ RICHARD C. STOCKINGER
 (Signature)
 
Richard C. Stockinger
Chief Executive Officer
  
Date: November 4, 2020/s/ DIRK MONTGOMERY
 (Signature)
 Dirk Montgomery
Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer
  
Date: November 4, 2020/s/ CHERI KINDER
 (Signature)
 Cheri Kinder
Vice President, Corporate Controller and Chief Accounting Officer


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