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Fiesta Restaurant (FRGI)

Filed: 13 May 21, 5:17pm
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, DC 20549 
__________________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
__________________________________________________________
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended April 4, 2021
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number: 001-35373 
__________________________________________________________
FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
__________________________________________________________
DE90-0712224
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
14800 Landmark Boulevard, Suite 50075254
DallasTX(Zip Code)
(Address of principal executive office)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (972) 702-9300
__________________________________________________________
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each ClassTrading SymbolName of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per shareFRGINASDAQ Global Select Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒  No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ☒    No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer", "accelerated filer", "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated FilerAccelerated Filer
Non-accelerated FilerSmaller Reporting Company
Emerging Growth Company


If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ☐    No  ☒
As of May 7, 2021, Fiesta Restaurant Group, Inc. had 26,465,303 shares of its common stock, $0.01 par value, outstanding.


FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
QUARTER ENDED APRIL 4, 2021
 

1

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. INTERIM CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
(Unaudited)
April 4, 2021January 3, 2021
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash$59,016 $50,035 
Restricted cash3,837 3,584 
Accounts receivable8,883 8,884 
Inventories4,164 4,205 
Prepaid rent119 115 
Income tax receivable81 9,399 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets9,739 7,804 
Total current assets85,839 84,026 
Property and equipment, net153,066 161,081 
Operating lease right-of-use assets257,964 261,304 
Goodwill56,307 56,307 
Other assets7,787 6,025 
Total assets$560,963 $568,743 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Current portion of long-term debt$1,021 $1,015 
Accounts payable13,256 13,339 
Accrued payroll, related taxes and benefits13,488 14,236 
Accrued real estate taxes2,977 6,600 
Other current liabilities31,456 29,719 
Total current liabilities62,198 64,909 
Long-term debt, net of current portion72,238 72,328 
Operating lease liabilities264,487 268,086 
Deferred tax liabilities3,744 4,109 
Other non-current liabilities11,441 11,530 
Total liabilities414,108 420,962 
Commitments and contingencies00
Stockholders' equity:
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; 20,000,000 shares authorized, 0 shares issued
Common stock, $0.01 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized, 28,427,348 and 28,278,320 shares issued, respectively, and 25,402,677 and 25,293,149 shares outstanding, respectively274 273 
Additional paid-in capital177,776 176,614 
Retained earnings (accumulated deficit)(10,416)(8,327)
Treasury stock, at cost; 1,993,495 shares(20,779)(20,779)
Total stockholders' equity146,855 147,781 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$560,963 $568,743 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
2

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
THREE MONTHS ENDED APRIL 4, 2021 AND MARCH 29, 2020
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
April 4, 2021March 29, 2020
Revenues:
Restaurant sales$144,164 $146,086 
Franchise royalty revenues and fees575 613 
Total revenues144,739 146,699 
Costs and expenses:
Cost of sales43,086 46,276 
Restaurant wages and related expenses (including stock-based compensation expense of $42 and $36, respectively)38,044 40,495 
Restaurant rent expense11,633 11,339 
Other restaurant operating expenses22,296 21,511 
Advertising expense3,988 5,783 
General and administrative (including stock-based compensation expense of $1,121 and $776, respectively)14,568 14,384 
Depreciation and amortization8,926 9,430 
Pre-opening costs69 
Impairment and other lease charges(122)4,233 
Closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income1,091 1,632 
Other expense (income), net(38)908 
Total operating expenses143,472 156,060 
Income (loss) from operations1,267 (9,361)
Interest expense2,023 961 
Loss before income taxes(756)(10,322)
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes1,333 (3,005)
Net loss$(2,089)$(7,317)
Earnings (loss) per common share:
Basic$(0.08)$(0.29)
Diluted(0.08)(0.29)
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
Basic25,324,213 25,519,247 
Diluted25,324,213 25,519,247 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
3

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
THREE MONTHS ENDED APRIL 4, 2021 AND MARCH 29, 2020
(In thousands, except share data) 
(Unaudited)

Common StockAdditional
Paid-In
Capital
Retained
Earnings
(Accumulated Deficit)
Treasury
Stock
Total
Stockholders'
Equity
SharesAmount
Balance at December 29, 201925,612,597 $271 $173,132 $1,884 $(17,051)$158,236 
Stock-based compensation— — 812 — — 812 
Vesting of restricted shares73,998 — — 
Purchase of treasury stock(500,000)— — — (3,728)(3,728)
Net loss— — — (7,317)— (7,317)
Balance at March 29, 202025,186,595 $271 $173,944 $(5,433)$(20,779)$148,003 
Balance at January 3, 202125,293,149 $273 $176,614 $(8,327)$(20,779)$147,781 
Stock-based compensation— — 1,163 — — 1,163 
Vesting of restricted shares109,528 (1)— — 
Net loss— — — (2,089)— (2,089)
Balance at April 4, 202125,402,677 $274 $177,776 $(10,416)$(20,779)$146,855 



The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
4

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
THREE MONTHS ENDED APRIL 4, 2021 AND MARCH 29, 2020
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
April 4, 2021March 29, 2020
Operating activities:
Net loss$(2,089)$(7,317)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
Gain on disposals of property and equipment, net(245)
Stock-based compensation1,163 812 
Impairment and other lease charges(122)4,233 
Depreciation and amortization8,926 9,430 
Amortization of deferred financing costs200 68 
Deferred income taxes(365)4,212 
Changes in other operating assets and liabilities2,056 (6,974)
Net cash provided by operating activities9,524 4,464 
Investing activities:
Capital expenditures:
New restaurant development(1,590)
Restaurant remodeling(662)(1,025)
Other restaurant capital expenditures(1,972)(2,536)
Corporate and restaurant information systems(462)(932)
Total capital expenditures(3,096)(6,083)
Proceeds from sale-leaseback transactions3,083 
Net cash used in investing activities(13)(6,083)
Financing activities:
Borrowings on revolving credit facility71,420 
Repayments on revolving credit facility(75,420)
Repayment of secured debt(188)
Principal payments on finance leases(82)(57)
Financing costs associated with debt(7)
Payments to purchase treasury stock(3,728)
Net cash used in financing activities(277)(7,785)
Net change in cash and restricted cash9,234 (9,404)
Cash and restricted cash, beginning of period53,619 13,413 
Cash and restricted cash, end of period$62,853 $4,009 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
5

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)


1. Basis of Presentation
Business Description. Fiesta Restaurant Group, Inc. ("Fiesta Restaurant Group" or "Fiesta") owns, operates and franchises 2 restaurant brands through its wholly-owned subsidiaries Pollo Operations, Inc. and its subsidiaries, Pollo Franchise, Inc. (collectively "Pollo Tropical"), and Taco Cabana, Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively "Taco Cabana"). Unless the context otherwise requires, Fiesta and its subsidiaries, Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana, are collectively referred to as the "Company." At April 4, 2021, the Company owned and operated 138 Pollo Tropical® restaurants and 143 Taco Cabana® restaurants. All of the Pollo Tropical restaurants are located in Florida and all of the Taco Cabana restaurants are located in Texas. At April 4, 2021, the Company franchised a total of 29 Pollo Tropical restaurants and 6 Taco Cabana restaurants. The franchised Pollo Tropical restaurants include 17 in Puerto Rico, 2 in Panama, 1 in Guyana, 2 in Ecuador, 1 in the Bahamas, 5 on college campuses and 1 at a hospital in Florida. The franchised Taco Cabana restaurants include 6 in New Mexico.
Basis of Consolidation. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements presented herein reflect the consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows of Fiesta and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Fiscal Year. The Company uses a 52–53 week fiscal year ending on the Sunday closest to December 31. The fiscal year ended January 3, 2021 contained 53 weeks. The three months ended April 4, 2021 and March 29, 2020 each contained thirteen weeks. The fiscal year ending January 2, 2022 will contain 52 weeks.
Basis of Presentation. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the three months ended April 4, 2021 and March 29, 2020 have been prepared without an audit pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and do not include certain information and footnotes required by U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP") for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all normal and recurring adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of such financial statements have been included. The results of operations for the three months ended April 4, 2021 and March 29, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.
These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended January 3, 2021 included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 3, 2021. The January 3, 2021 balance sheet data is derived from those audited financial statements.
During the three months ended April 4, 2021, the Company determined that tax depreciation on certain assets placed into service prior to the formation of Fiesta in 2011 was inadvertently calculated incorrectly in prior years as a result of the tax depreciation classification assigned to these assets, which resulted in an overstatement of the related deferred tax liability. The Company recorded a related out-of-period adjustment in the three months ended April 4, 2021, after performing a review to identify affected assets. This adjustment resulted in an increase to income tax expense and net loss of $1.5 million, an increase in other current liabilities of $1.5 million and a decrease in deferred tax liabilities of $1.0 million which was offset by a corresponding increase of $0.9 million in the deferred tax valuation allowance. The adjustment to income tax expense primarily relates to fiscal 2017 when the Company recorded an adjustment to deferred income taxes related to a change in the federal income tax rate and fiscal 2019 when the Company established a valuation allowance on its deferred income tax assets. Prior to these years, the impact primarily affected deferred income tax liabilities and other current liabilities. In fiscal 2020 and 2019, the impact would have increased net loss by $0.1 million and $0.9 million, respectively. The adjustment did not affect pre-tax consolidated financial results or Adjusted EBITDA for either of the Company's segments. The Company evaluated the effects of this out-of-period adjustment, both qualitatively and quantitatively, and concluded that this adjustment was not material to the Company's financial position or results of operations for the current or any prior periods.
Guidance Adopted in 2021. In December 2019, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740) ("ASU No. 2019-12"), which is a part of the Simplification Initiative being undertaken by the FASB to reduce complexity of accounting standards. The amendments in this update simplify the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions, the most notable for the Company being the exception to the general methodology for calculating income taxes in an interim period when the year-to-date loss exceeds the anticipated loss for the full year. The Company adopted this new accounting standard on January 4, 2021, and will apply it prospectively in each period after the date of adoption. The impact of the standard is largely dependent on interim and anticipated profit or loss in a given period, however the Company does not expect ASU No. 2019-12 to have a significant impact on its financial statements.
6

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)


Revenue Recognition. Revenue is recognized upon transfer of promised products or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company received in exchange for those products or services. Revenues from the Company's owned and operated restaurants are recognized when payment is tendered at the time of sale. Franchise royalty revenues are based on a percentage of gross sales and are recorded as income when earned. Initial franchise fees and area development fees associated with new franchise agreements are not distinct from the continuing rights and services offered by the Company during the term of the related franchise agreements and are recognized as income over the term of the related franchise agreements. A portion of the initial franchise fee is allocated to training services and is recognized as revenue when the Company completes the training services.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date under current market conditions. In determining fair value, the accounting standards establish a three-level hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value as follows: Level 1 inputs are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities; Level 2 inputs are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, including quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities; and Level 3 inputs are unobservable and reflect management's own assumptions. The following methods were used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instruments for which it is practicable to estimate the fair value:
Current Assets and Liabilities. The carrying values reported on the consolidated balance sheets of cash and restricted cash, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate fair value because of the short maturity of those financial instruments.
Term Loan Borrowings. The fair value of outstanding term loan borrowings under the Company's new senior credit facility, which is considered Level 2, is based on current LIBOR rates. The fair value of the Company's senior credit facility was approximately $75.0 million at April 4, 2021 and $74.4 million at January 3, 2021, respectively. The carrying value of the Company's senior credit facility was $71.5 million at April 4, 2021 and $71.5 million at January 3, 2021, respectively.
Long-Lived Assets. The Company assesses the recoverability of property and equipment and definite-lived intangible assets, including right-of-use ("ROU") lease assets, by determining whether the carrying value of these assets can be recovered over their respective remaining lives through undiscounted future operating cash flows. Impairment is reviewed whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amounts of these assets may not be fully recoverable. See Note 3—Impairment of Long-Lived Assets and Other Lease Charges.
Leases. The Company assesses whether an agreement contains a lease at inception. All leases are reviewed for finance or operating classification once control is obtained. The majority of the Company's leases are operating leases. Operating leases are included within operating lease right-of-use assets, other current liabilities, and operating lease liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Finance leases are included within property and equipment, net, current portion of long-term debt, and long-term debt, net of current portion in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
ROU assets represent the Company's right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent the obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Operating lease ROU assets and liabilities are recognized at commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. The operating lease ROU asset also includes any lease payments made in advance and is reduced by lease incentives received. As most leases do not provide an implicit rate, the Company uses its incremental borrowing rate at commencement date in determining the present value of lease payments. Lease terms include options to extend the lease when it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise that option. The Company assumes options are reasonably certain to be exercised when such options are required to achieve a minimum 20-year lease term for new restaurant properties and when it incurs significant leasehold improvement costs near the end of a lease term. The Company uses judgment and available data to allocate consideration in a contract when it leases land and a building. The Company also uses judgment in determining its incremental borrowing rate, which includes selecting a yield curve based on a synthetic credit rating determined using a valuation model. Lease expense for lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term unless the related ROU asset has been adjusted for an impairment charge. The Company has real estate lease agreements with lease and non-lease components, which are accounted for as a single lease component.
During the first quarter of 2021, the Company sold 2 restaurant properties for total proceeds of $3.1 million in sale-leaseback transactions that resulted in a total gain of $0.3 million, which is recognized in other expense (income), net in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
7

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)


Use of Estimates. The preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the financial statements. Estimates also affect the reported amounts of expenses during the reporting periods. Significant items subject to such estimates and assumptions include: insurance liabilities, evaluation for impairment of goodwill and long-lived assets, lease accounting matters, and deferred income tax assets. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Due to the uncertainty associated with the unprecedented nature of the COVID-19 pandemic and the impact it will have on the Company's operations and future cash flows, it is reasonably possible that the estimates of future cash flows used in impairment assessments will change in the near term and the effect of the change could be material. The Company's current estimates assume that changes related to COVID-19 will continue to have an impact through the first half of 2021.

2. Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets
Prepaid expenses and other current assets consist of the following:
April 4, 2021January 3, 2021
Prepaid contract expenses$4,762 $4,279 
Assets held for sale(1)
1,257 1,257 
Other3,720 2,268 
$9,739 $7,804 
(1)     As of April 4, 2021 and January 3, 2021, 1 closed Taco Cabana restaurant property owned by the Company was classified as held for sale.

3. Impairment of Long-Lived Assets and Other Lease Charges
The Company reviews its long-lived assets, principally property and equipment and lease ROU assets, for impairment at the restaurant level. The Company has elected to exclude operating lease payments and liabilities from future cash flows and carrying values, respectively, in its impairment review. In addition to considering management's plans, known regulatory or governmental actions and damage due to acts of God (hurricanes, tornadoes, etc.), the Company considers a triggering event to have occurred related to a specific restaurant if the restaurant's cash flows, exclusive of operating lease payments, for the last twelve months are less than a minimum threshold or if consistent levels of cash flows for the remaining lease period are less than the carrying value of the restaurant's assets. If an indicator of impairment exists for any of its assets, an estimate of undiscounted future cash flows, exclusive of operating lease payments, over the life of the primary asset for each restaurant is compared to that long-lived asset group's carrying value, excluding operating lease liabilities. If the carrying value is greater than the undiscounted cash flow, the Company then determines the fair value of the asset and if an asset is determined to be impaired, the loss is measured by the excess of the carrying amount of the asset over its fair value. There is uncertainty in the projected undiscounted future cash flows used in the Company's impairment review analysis. If actual performance does not achieve the projections, the Company may recognize impairment charges in future periods, and such charges could be material.
A summary of impairment of long-lived assets and other lease charges (recoveries) recorded by segment is as follows:
 Three Months Ended
 April 4, 2021March 29, 2020
Pollo Tropical$110 $3,696 
Taco Cabana(232)537 
$(122)$4,233 
Impairment and other lease charges for the three months ended April 4, 2021 for Pollo Tropical include impairment charges of $0.1 million related primarily to impairment of equipment from previously impaired and closed restaurants. Impairment and other lease charges for the three months ended April 4, 2021 for Taco Cabana include gains from lease terminations of $(0.2) million.
8

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)


Impairment and other lease charges for the three months ended March 29, 2020 for Pollo Tropical include impairment charges of $3.7 million, related primarily to the impairment of assets from 3 underperforming Pollo Tropical restaurants, 2 of which were closed in the third quarter of 2020, for which continued sales declines coupled with the impact of expected sales declines resulted in a decrease in the estimated future cash flows. Impairment and other lease charges for the three months ended March 29, 2020 for Taco Cabana include impairment charges of $0.5 million, related primarily to the impairment of assets for 2 underperforming Taco Cabana restaurants for which continued sales declines coupled with the impact of expected sales declines resulted in a decrease in the estimated future cash flows.
The Company determines the fair value of restaurant equipment, for those restaurants reviewed for impairment, based on current economic conditions, the Company's history of using these assets in the operation of its business and the Company's expectation of how a market participant would value the assets. In addition, for those restaurants reviewed for impairment where the Company owns the land and building, the Company utilizes third-party information such as a broker quoted value to determine the fair value of the property, when applicable. The Company also utilizes discounted future cash flows to determine the fair value of assets for certain leased restaurants with positive discounted projected future cash flows. The Company utilizes current market lease rent and discount rates to determine the fair value of right-of-use lease assets. These fair value asset measurements rely on significant unobservable inputs and are considered Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy. Impairment charges for the three months ended April 4, 2021 related primarily to impairment of equipment from previously impaired restaurants.

4. Other Liabilities
Other current liabilities consist of the following:
April 4, 2021January 3, 2021
Operating lease liabilities$19,922 $19,803 
Accrued workers' compensation and general liability claims3,845 3,619 
Sales and property taxes1,664 2,347 
Accrued occupancy costs(1)
300 330 
Other5,725 3,620 
$31,456 $29,719 
(1)    Accrued occupancy costs primarily consisted of obligations pertaining to closed restaurant locations.

Other non-current liabilities consist of the following:
April 4, 2021January 3, 2021
Accrued workers' compensation and general liability claims$6,791 $6,791 
Accrued payroll taxes(1)
2,936 3,003 
Deferred compensation480 491 
Other1,234 1,245 
$11,441 $11,530 
(1)    Includes employer Social Security payroll tax deferred as a result of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the "CARES Act")
9

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)


The following table presents the activity in the closed restaurant reserve, which is included within other current liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheets at April 4, 2021 and January 3, 2021.
Three Months Ended April 4, 2021Year Ended January 3, 2021
Balance, beginning of period$218 $752 
Payments, net(12)(259)
Other adjustments(7)(275)
Balance, end of period$199 $218 

5. Stockholders' Equity
Purchase of Treasury Stock
In 2018, the Company's board of directors approved a share repurchase program for up to 1,500,000 shares of the Company's common stock. In 2019, the Company's board of directors approved increases to the share repurchase program of an additional 1,500,000 shares of the Company's common stock for an aggregate approval of 3,000,000 shares of the Company's common stock. Under the share repurchase program, shares may be repurchased from time to time in open market transactions at prevailing market prices, in privately negotiated transactions or by other means in accordance with federal securities laws, including Rule 10b-18 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. The share repurchase program has no time limit and may be modified, suspended, superseded or terminated at any time by the Company's board of directors. The Company repurchased 500,000 shares of common stock valued at approximately $3.7 million during the three months ended March 29, 2020. The shares repurchased in 2020 were purchased on or before March 12, 2020. The repurchased shares are held as treasury stock at cost. The Company's new senior credit facility prohibits share repurchases, and the Company currently does not intend to repurchase additional shares of its common stock for the foreseeable future.
Stock-Based Compensation
During the three months ended April 4, 2021, the Company granted certain employees a total of 153,998 non-vested restricted shares under the Fiesta Restaurant Group, Inc. 2012 Stock Incentive Plan (the "Fiesta Plan"). The shares granted to employees vest and become non-forfeitable over a four-year vesting period. The weighted average fair value at grant date for non-vested shares issued during the three months ended April 4, 2021 was $17.43 per share.
During the three months ended April 4, 2021, the Company also granted certain employees a total of 64,089 restricted stock units under the Fiesta Plan subject to performance conditions. The restricted stock units vest and become non-forfeitable at the end of a three-year vesting period. The number of shares into which these restricted stock units convert is based on the attainment of certain financial performance conditions and ranges from 0 shares, if the minimum performance condition is not met, to 128,178 shares if the maximum performance condition is met. The weighted average fair value at grant date for the restricted stock units granted in the three months ended April 4, 2021 was $17.43 per share.
Stock-based compensation expense for the three months ended April 4, 2021 and March 29, 2020 was $1.2 million and $0.8 million, respectively. At April 4, 2021, the total unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to non-vested restricted shares and restricted stock units was approximately $10.4 million. At April 4, 2021, the remaining weighted average vesting period for non-vested restricted shares was 2.4 years and restricted stock units was 2.9 years.
10

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)


A summary of all non-vested restricted shares and restricted stock units activity for the three months ended April 4, 2021 is as follows:
Non-Vested SharesRestricted Stock Units
SharesWeighted
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
UnitsWeighted
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
Outstanding at January 3, 2021991,676 $10.26 150,585 $9.49 
Granted153,998 17.43 64,089 17.43 
Vested and released(107,498)14.24 (2,030)20.75 
Forfeited(7,000)12.73 (148,469)9.32 
Outstanding at April 4, 20211,031,176 $10.90 64,175 $17.45 
The fair value of non-vested restricted shares and restricted stock units granted during the three months ended April 4, 2021, is based on the closing stock price on the date of grant.
6. Business Segment Information
The Company owns, operates and franchises 2 restaurant brands, Pollo Tropical® and Taco Cabana®, each of which is an operating segment. Pollo Tropical restaurants feature fire-grilled and crispy citrus marinated chicken and other freshly prepared menu items, while Taco Cabana restaurants specialize in Mexican-inspired food with most items made fresh.
Each segment's accounting policies are described in the summary of significant accounting policies in Note 1 to the Company's audited financial statements contained in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 3, 2021. The primary measure of segment profit or loss used by the chief operating decision maker to assess performance and allocate resources is Adjusted EBITDA, which is defined as earnings attributable to the applicable operating segments before interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, impairment and other lease charges, goodwill impairment, closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income, stock-based compensation expense, other expense (income), net, and certain significant items for each segment that management believes are related to strategic changes and/or are not related to the ongoing operation of the Company's restaurants as set forth in the reconciliation table below.

11

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)


The "Other" column includes corporate-related items not allocated to reportable segments and consists primarily of corporate-owned property and equipment, lease assets, miscellaneous prepaid costs, capitalized costs associated with the issuance of indebtedness, corporate cash accounts, and a current income tax receivable.
Three Months EndedPollo TropicalTaco CabanaOtherConsolidated
April 4, 2021:
Restaurant sales$87,840 $56,324 $$144,164 
Franchise revenue375 200 575 
Cost of sales27,301 15,785 43,086 
Restaurant wages and related expenses(1)
20,339 17,705 38,044 
Restaurant rent expense5,877 5,756 11,633 
Other restaurant operating expenses13,184 9,112 22,296 
Advertising expense2,375 1,613 3,988 
General and administrative expense(2)
7,880 6,688 14,568 
Adjusted EBITDA12,192 670 12,862 
Depreciation and amortization4,938 3,988 8,926 
Capital expenditures709 2,031 356 3,096 
March 29, 2020:
Restaurant sales$85,721 $60,365 $$146,086 
Franchise revenue404 209 613 
Cost of sales27,731 18,545 46,276 
Restaurant wages and related expenses(1)
21,037 19,458 40,495 
Restaurant rent expense5,640 5,699 11,339 
Other restaurant operating expenses12,386 9,125 21,511 
Advertising expense3,504 2,279 5,783 
General and administrative expense(2)
7,488 6,896 14,384 
Adjusted EBITDA8,780 (907)7,873 
Depreciation and amortization5,278 4,152 9,430 
Capital expenditures3,281 2,600 202 6,083 
Identifiable Assets:
April 4, 2021$307,079 $178,302 $75,582 $560,963 
January 3, 2021311,905 182,009 74,829 568,743 
(1) Includes stock-based compensation expense of $42 and $36 for the three months ended April 4, 2021 and March 29, 2020, respectively.
(2) Includes stock-based compensation expense of $1,121 and $776 for the three months ended April 4, 2021 and March 29, 2020, respectively.
12

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)


A reconciliation of consolidated net loss to Adjusted EBITDA follows:
Three Months EndedPollo TropicalTaco CabanaConsolidated
April 4, 2021:
Net loss$(2,089)
Provision for income taxes1,333 
Income (loss) before taxes$4,935 $(5,691)$(756)
Add:
     Non-general and administrative expense adjustments:
          Depreciation and amortization4,938 3,988 8,926 
          Impairment and other lease charges110 (232)(122)
          Interest expense970 1,053 2,023 
          Closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income240 851 1,091 
          Other expense (income), net66 (104)(38)
          Stock-based compensation expense in restaurant wages16 26 42 
                Total non-general and administrative expense adjustments6,340 5,582 11,922 
     General and administrative expense adjustments:
          Stock-based compensation expense601 520 1,121 
          Digital and brand repositioning costs316 259 575 
               Total general and administrative expense adjustments917 779 1,696 
Adjusted EBITDA$12,192 $670 $12,862 
March 29, 2020:
Net loss$(7,317)
Benefit from income taxes(3,005)
Loss before taxes$(1,827)$(8,495)$(10,322)
Add:
     Non-general and administrative expense adjustments:
          Depreciation and amortization5,278 4,152 9,430 
          Impairment and other lease charges3,696 537 4,233 
          Interest expense483 478 961 
          Closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income602 1,030 1,632 
          Other expense (income), net107 801 908 
          Stock-based compensation expense in restaurant wages11 25 36 
                Total non-general and administrative expense adjustments10,177 7,023 17,200 
     General and administrative expense adjustments:
          Stock-based compensation expense310 466 776 
          Digital and brand repositioning costs120 99 219 
               Total general and administrative expense adjustments430 565 995 
Adjusted EBITDA$8,780 $(907)$7,873 

13

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)


7. Earnings (Loss) Per Share
Basic earnings (loss) per share ("EPS") is computed by dividing net income (loss) applicable to common shares by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during each period. Non-vested restricted shares contain a non-forfeitable right to receive dividends on a one-to-one per share ratio to common shares and are thus considered participating securities. The impact of the participating securities is included in the computation of basic EPS pursuant to the two-class method. The two-class method of computing EPS is an earnings allocation formula that determines earnings attributable to common shares and participating securities according to dividends declared (whether paid or unpaid) and participation rights in undistributed earnings. EPS is computed by dividing undistributed earnings allocated to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. In applying the two-class method, undistributed earnings are allocated to both common shares and non-vested restricted shares based on the weighted average shares outstanding during the period.
Diluted EPS reflects the potential dilution that could occur if the restricted stock units were to be converted into common shares. Restricted stock units with performance conditions are only included in the diluted EPS calculation to the extent that performance conditions have been met at the measurement date. Diluted EPS is computed by adjusting the basic weighted average number of common shares by the dilutive effect of the restricted stock units, determined using the treasury stock method.
For the three months ended April 4, 2021 and March 29, 2020, all shares of outstanding restricted stock units were excluded from the computation of diluted EPS because including these restricted stock units would have been antidilutive as a result of the net loss in the three months ended April 4, 2021 and March 29, 2020.
The computation of basic and diluted EPS is as follows:
Three Months Ended
April 4, 2021March 29, 2020
Basic and diluted EPS:
Net loss$(2,089)$(7,317)
Less: income allocated to participating securities
Net loss available to common shareholders$(2,089)$(7,317)
Weighted average common shares—basic25,324,213 25,519,247 
Restricted stock units
Weighted average common shares—diluted25,324,213 25,519,247 
Loss per common share—basic$(0.08)$(0.29)
Loss per common share—diluted(0.08)(0.29)

8. Commitments and Contingencies
Lease Assignments. Taco Cabana assigned 1 lease to a third party on a property where it no longer operates with a lease term expiring in 2029. Although the assignee is responsible for making the payments required by the lease, the Company remains secondarily liable as a surety with respect to the lease. Pollo Tropical assigned 1 lease to a third party on a property where it no longer operates with a lease term expiring in 2033. Although the assignee is responsible for making the payments required by the lease, the Company is a guarantor under the lease.
The maximum potential liability for future rental payments that the Company could be required to make under these leases at April 4, 2021 was $2.9 million. The Company could also be obligated to pay property taxes and other lease-related costs. The obligations under these leases will generally continue to decrease over time as the operating leases expire. The Company does not believe it is probable that it will be ultimately responsible for the obligations under these leases.
Legal Matters. The Company is a party to various litigation matters incidental to the conduct of business. The Company does not believe that the outcome of any of these matters will have a material effect on its condensed consolidated financial statements. The Company records accruals for outstanding legal matters when it believes it is probable that a loss will be
14

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)


incurred and the amount can be reasonably estimated. The Company evaluates, on a quarterly basis, developments in legal matters that could affect the amount of any accrual and developments that would make a loss contingency both probable and reasonably estimable. If a loss contingency is not both probable and estimable, the Company does not establish an accrued liability.

9. Income Taxes
Tax Law Changes. On March 27, 2020, the CARES Act was signed into law. The CARES Act includes provisions that allow net operating losses in 2018, 2019, and 2020 to be carried back for up to five years and eliminates the 80% taxable income limitation on net operating loss deductions for 2018 through 2020. These changes allowed the Company to record an incremental benefit of $1.8 million during the first quarter of 2020, which represents the impact of carrying net operating losses from 2018 and 2019 back to years with a higher federal corporate income tax rate.

10. Related Party Transactions
The Company engaged Jefferies LLC ("Jefferies"), an affiliate of two of the members of Fiesta's board of directors, one of whom was not renominated in 2021, and a subsidiary of Jefferies Financial Group, Inc, a holder of more than 20 percent of the total outstanding shares of Fiesta, in the third quarter of 2020 in connection with a refinancing of the Company's former amended senior credit facility and other advisory services, as previously disclosed. The engagement of Jefferies and the corresponding engagement letter was approved by the Audit Committee in accordance with the Company's Related Party Transaction Policy as disclosed in its most recent proxy statement for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders. The Company paid fees of $1.7 million to Jefferies and reimbursed Jefferies for reasonable out of pocket and ancillary expenses of less than $0.1 million when the refinancing was completed in the fourth quarter of 2020. As of April 4, 2021 and January 3, 2021, there were 0 amounts due to the related party recognized on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

15

FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)


11. Supplemental Cash Flow Information
The following table details supplemental cash flow disclosures of non-cash investing and financing activities: 
Three Months Ended
April 4, 2021March 29, 2020
Supplemental cash flow disclosures:
Interest paid on long-term debt$1,723 $941 
Income tax payments (refunds), net(9,157)(1,073)
Supplemental cash flow disclosures of non-cash investing and financing activities:
Accruals for capital expenditures$2,116 $2,161 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease liabilities:
Operating lease ROU assets4,493 11,193 
Finance lease ROU assets33 
Right-of-use assets and lease liabilities reduced for terminated leases:
Operating lease ROU assets1,864 
Operating lease liabilities2,268 
Cash and restricted cash reconciliation:
Beginning of period
Cash$50,035 $13,413 
Restricted cash3,584 
Cash and restricted cash, beginning of period$53,619 $13,413 
End of period
Cash$59,016 $4,009 
Restricted cash3,837 
Cash and restricted cash, end of period$62,853 $4,009 

12. Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848) ("ASU No. 2020-04"), which provides optional expedients and exceptions for applying GAAP to contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions affected by reference rate reform if certain criteria are met. The amendments in this update are effective as of March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. As of April 4, 2021, the Company's only exposure to LIBOR rates was its new senior credit facility. Upon cessation of the LIBOR, the new senior credit facility will use a benchmark replacement rate. According to ASU No. 2020-04, modifications of contracts within the scope of Topic 470 Debt should be accounted for by prospectively adjusting the effective interest rate. The Company does not expect ASU No. 2020-04 to have a significant impact on its financial statements.

16

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following Management's Discussion and Analysis of financial condition and results of operations ("MD&A") is written to help the reader understand our company. The MD&A is provided as a supplement to, and should be read in conjunction with, our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes. Any reference to restaurants refers to Company-owned restaurants unless otherwise indicated. Throughout this MD&A, we refer to Fiesta Restaurant Group, Inc., together with its consolidated subsidiaries, as "Fiesta," "we," "our" and "us."
We use a 52–53 week fiscal year ending on the Sunday closest to December 31. The fiscal year ended January 3, 2021 contained 53 weeks. The three months ended April 4, 2021 and March 29, 2020 each contained thirteen weeks. The fiscal year ending January 2, 2022 will contain 52 weeks.
Company Overview
We own, operate and franchise two restaurant brands, Pollo Tropical® and Taco Cabana®, which have over 30 and 40 years, respectively, of operating history and loyal customer bases. Our Pollo Tropical restaurants feature fire-grilled and crispy citrus marinated chicken and other freshly prepared menu items, while our Taco Cabana restaurants specialize in Mexican-inspired food with most items made fresh. We believe that both brands offer distinct and unique flavors with broad appeal at a compelling value, which differentiates them in the competitive fast-casual and quick-service restaurant segments. Nearly all of our restaurants offer the convenience of drive-thru windows. As of April 4, 2021, we owned and operated 138 Pollo Tropical restaurants and 143 Taco Cabana restaurants.
We franchise our Pollo Tropical restaurants primarily internationally and as of April 4, 2021, we had 23 franchised Pollo Tropical restaurants located in Puerto Rico, Panama, Guyana, Ecuador, and the Bahamas, and five on college campuses and one at a hospital in Florida. We have agreements for the continued development of franchised Pollo Tropical restaurants in certain of our existing franchised markets.
As of April 4, 2021, we had six franchised Taco Cabana restaurants located in New Mexico.
Recent Events Affecting Our Results of Operations
COVID-19 Pandemic
The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has affected and is continuing to affect the restaurant industry and the economy. In response to COVID-19 and in compliance with governmental restrictions, we closed the dining room seating areas in all Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana restaurants, limiting service to take-out, drive-thru, and delivery operations beginning in mid-March 2020. We re-opened certain dining rooms and patios with limited capacity and hours during certain times in the second half of 2020. In 2021, we re-opened substantially all remaining Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana dining rooms with limited hours by the end of February and March, respectively. Hours of operations at both brands have been limited due to labor shortages which are affecting our brands and the restaurant industry.
We currently do not expect sales trends to significantly deteriorate further, although there can be no assurance that sales trends will not deteriorate further, and we have implemented measures to control costs.
We incurred additional costs related to the COVID-19 pandemic totaling $0.5 million during the three months ended April 4, 2021, including additional labor costs such as quarantine pay, as well as COVID-19 testing costs.
Executive Summary—Consolidated Operating Performance for the Three Months Ended April 4, 2021
Our first quarter 2021 results and highlights include the following:
We recognized a net loss of $(2.1) million, or $(0.08) per diluted share, in the first quarter of 2021 compared to a net loss of $(7.3) million, or $(0.29) per diluted share, in the first quarter of 2020, due primarily to a net benefit of $(0.1) million in impairment and other lease charges in the first quarter of 2021 compared to impairment and other lease charges of $4.2 million in the first quarter of 2020 and increased comparable restaurant sales at Pollo Tropical, partially offset by the impact of declines in comparable restaurant sales at Taco Cabana, which were negatively impacted by Winter Storm Uri. In addition, lower cost of sales, labor costs, and advertising expenses, as well as lower costs related to closed restaurants, contributed to the increase in net income (loss) in the first quarter of 2021 compared to the first quarter of 2020. This increase was partially offset by higher delivery fees and the impact of an out-of-period adjustment to increase our tax provision in the first quarter of 2021 compared to a tax benefit in the first quarter of 2020 related to carryback provisions in the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (the "Cares Act").
17

Total revenues decreased 1.3% in the first quarter of 2021 to $144.7 million compared to $146.7 million in the first quarter of 2020, driven by a decrease in comparable restaurant sales at Taco Cabana (including as a result of the negative impact of Winter Storm Uri) and the impact of closing underperforming restaurants in 2020, partially offset by an increase in comparable restaurant sales at Pollo Tropical. Comparable restaurant sales increased 4.3% for our Pollo Tropical restaurants resulting from an increase in the net impact of product/channel mix and pricing of 13.4% partially offset by a decrease in comparable restaurant transactions of 9.1%. Comparable restaurant sales decreased 4.3% for our Taco Cabana restaurants resulting from a decrease in comparable restaurant transactions of 15.9% partially offset by an increase in the net impact of product/channel mix and pricing of 11.6%.
Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA increased $5.0 million in the first quarter of 2021 to $12.9 million compared to $7.9 million in the first quarter of 2020, driven primarily by lower cost of sales, labor costs, and advertising expenses, partially offset by lower restaurant sales, including the negative impact of Winter Storm Uri, and higher delivery fee expense. We estimate that Winter Storm Uri negatively impacted Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA by approximately $1.9 million. Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure of performance. For a discussion of our use of Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA and a reconciliation from net income to Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA, see "Management's Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures."

Results of Operations
The following table summarizes the changes in the number and mix of Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana Company-owned and franchised restaurants.
Pollo TropicalTaco Cabana
OwnedFranchisedTotalOwnedFranchisedTotal
January 3, 2021138 29 167 143 149 
   New— — — — — — 
   Closed— — — — — — 
April 4, 2021138 29 167 143 149 
December 29, 2019142 32 174 164 172 
   New— — 
   Closed(1)— (1)(19)— (19)
March 29, 2020141 33 174 146 154 
18

Three Months Ended April 4, 2021 Compared to Three Months Ended March 29, 2020
The following table sets forth, for the three months ended April 4, 2021 and March 29, 2020, selected consolidated operating results as a percentage of consolidated restaurant sales and select segment operating results as a percentage of applicable segment restaurant sales.
Three Months Ended
April 4, 2021March 29, 2020April 4, 2021March 29, 2020April 4, 2021March 29, 2020
Pollo TropicalTaco CabanaConsolidated
Restaurant sales:
Pollo Tropical60.9 %58.7 %
Taco Cabana39.1 %41.3 %
Consolidated restaurant sales100.0 %100.0 %
Costs and expenses:
Cost of sales31.1 %32.4 %28.0 %30.7 %29.9 %31.7 %
Restaurant wages and related expenses23.2 %24.5 %31.4 %32.2 %26.4 %27.7 %
Restaurant rent expense6.7 %6.6 %10.2 %9.4 %8.1 %7.8 %
Other restaurant operating expenses15.0 %14.4 %16.2 %15.1 %15.5 %14.7 %
Advertising expense2.7 %4.1 %2.9 %3.8 %2.8 %4.0 %
Pre-opening costs— %— %— %0.1 %— %— %
Consolidated Revenues. Revenues include restaurant sales and franchise royalty revenues and fees. Restaurant sales consist of food and beverage sales, net of discounts, at our restaurants. Franchise royalty revenues and fees represent ongoing royalty payments that are determined based on a percentage of franchisee sales and the amortization of initial franchise fees and area development fees associated with the opening of new franchised restaurants. Restaurant sales are influenced by new restaurant openings, closures of restaurants and changes in comparable restaurant sales.
Total revenues decreased 1.3% to $144.7 million in the first quarter of 2021 from $146.7 million in the first quarter of 2020. Restaurant sales decreased 1.3% to $144.2 million in the first quarter of 2021 from $146.1 million in the first quarter of 2020.
The following table presents the primary drivers of the changes in restaurant sales for both Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana for the first quarter of 2021 compared to the first quarter of 2020 (in millions).
Pollo Tropical:
Increase in comparable restaurant sales$3.6 
Decrease in sales related to closed restaurants, including a temporary closure(1.5)
Total increase$2.1 
Taco Cabana:
Decrease in comparable restaurant sales$(2.5)
Decrease in sales related to closed restaurants, net of new restaurants(1.5)
Total decrease$(4.0)
Restaurants are included in comparable restaurant sales after they have been open for 18 months. Restaurants are excluded from comparable restaurant sales for any fiscal month in which the restaurant was closed for more than five days. Comparable restaurant sales are compared to the same period in the prior year. As a result of the 53rd week in fiscal 2020, our 2021 fiscal year began one week later than our 2020 fiscal year. Changes in comparable restaurant sales are impacted by the shift in weeks as the thirteen weeks ended April 4, 2021 are not directly comparable on a calendar basis to the thirteen weeks ended March 29, 2020.
Comparable restaurant sales increased 4.3% for Pollo Tropical restaurants and decreased 4.3% for Taco Cabana restaurants in the first quarter of 2021 compared to the first quarter of 2020. Increases or decreases in comparable restaurant sales result primarily from an increase or decrease in comparable restaurant transactions and in average check. Changes in average check
19

are primarily driven by changes in sales channel and sales mix, and to a lesser extent, menu price increases net of discounts and promotions.
For Pollo Tropical, an increase in the net impact of product/channel mix and pricing of 13.4% was partially offset by a decrease in comparable restaurant transactions of 9.1% in the first quarter of 2021 compared to the first quarter of 2020. The increase in product/channel mix and pricing was driven primarily by increases in delivery and drive-thru average check and sales channel penetration, and menu price increases of 1.2%. Comparable restaurant sales in the first quarter of 2020 for Pollo Tropical were negatively impacted by governmental restrictions at the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic beginning in the last three weeks of March in 2020. Comparable restaurant sales for Pollo Tropical in the first quarter of 2021 decreased 3.3% compared to the same fiscal period in 2019.
For Taco Cabana, a decrease in comparable restaurant transactions of 15.9% was partially offset by an increase in the net impact of product/channel mix and pricing of 11.6% in the first quarter of 2021 compared to the first quarter of 2020. The increase in product/channel mix and pricing was driven primarily by increases in drive-thru and delivery sales channel penetration and growth in average check for drive-thru compared to last year due in part to an increase in transactions that include alcohol, and menu price increases of 2.1%. Comparable restaurant sales in the first quarter of 2020 for Taco Cabana were negatively impacted by governmental restrictions at the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic beginning in the last three weeks of March in 2020. Comparable restaurant sales in the first quarter of 2021 were negatively impacted by Winter Storm Uri. We estimate that Winter Storm Uri negatively impacted comparable restaurant sales by approximately 4.8% in the first quarter of 2021. Comparable restaurant sales for Taco Cabana in the first quarter of 2021 decreased 17.1% compared to the same fiscal period in 2019.
Franchise revenues remained flat at $0.6 million in the first quarter of 2021 compared to the first quarter of 2020.
Operating costs and expenses. Operating costs and expenses include cost of sales, restaurant wages and related expenses, other restaurant expenses and advertising expenses. Cost of sales consists of food, paper and beverage costs including packaging costs, less rebates and purchase discounts. Cost of sales is generally influenced by changes in commodity costs, the sales mix of items sold and the effectiveness of our restaurant-level controls to manage food and paper costs. Key commodities, including chicken and beef, are generally purchased under contracts for future periods of up to one year.
Restaurant wages and related expenses include all restaurant management and hourly productive labor costs, employer payroll taxes, restaurant-level bonuses and related benefits. Payroll and related taxes and benefits are subject to inflation, including minimum wage increases and changes in costs for health insurance, workers' compensation insurance and state unemployment insurance.
Other restaurant operating expenses include all other restaurant-level operating costs, the major components of which are utilities, repairs and maintenance, general liability insurance, sanitation, supplies and credit card and delivery fees.
Advertising expense includes all promotional expenses including television, radio, billboards and other sponsorships and promotional activities and agency fees.
Pre-opening costs include costs incurred prior to opening a restaurant, including restaurant employee wages and related expenses, travel expenditures, recruiting, training, promotional costs associated with the restaurant opening and rent, including any non-cash rent expense recognized during the construction period. Pre-opening costs are generally incurred beginning four to six months prior to a restaurant opening.
20

The following tables present the primary drivers of the changes in the components of restaurant operating margins for Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana for the first quarter of 2021 compared to the first quarter of 2020. All percentages are stated as a percentage of applicable segment restaurant sales:
Pollo Tropical:
Cost of sales:
Operating efficiency(0.7)%
Lower promotions and discounts(0.6)%
Menu price increases(0.3)%
Lower commodity costs(0.2)%
Lower rebates and discounts0.4 %
Other0.1 %
Net decrease in cost of sales as a percentage of restaurant sales(1.3)%
Restaurant wages and related expenses:
Lower labor costs due to labor efficiencies and labor shortages(1.3)%
Lower medical benefits costs(0.6)%
Higher incentive bonus(1)
0.6 %
Net decrease in restaurant wages and related costs as a percentage of restaurant sales(1.3)%
Other operating expenses:
Higher delivery fee expense due to increased delivery channel sales1.4 %
Lower utilities costs(0.5)%
Other(0.3)%
Net increase in other restaurant operating expenses as a percentage of restaurant sales0.6 %
Advertising expense:
Reduced advertising(1.4)%
Net decrease in advertising expense as a percentage of restaurant sales(1.4)%
Pre-opening costs:
Net change in pre-opening costs as a percentage of restaurant sales— %
(1)    Primarily due to improved achievement of bonus metrics.


21

Taco Cabana:
Cost of sales:
Operating efficiency(1.2)%
Lower commodity costs(1.1)%
Lower promotions and discounts(0.7)%
Menu price increases(0.6)%
Sales mix0.7 %
Lower rebates and discounts0.4 %
Other(0.2)%
Net decrease in cost of sales as a percentage of restaurant sales(2.7)%
Restaurant wages and related expenses:
Lower labor costs due to labor efficiencies and labor shortages(3.1)%
Lower payroll taxes(0.2)%
Higher incentive bonus(1)
1.3 %
Higher medical benefits costs0.8 %
Higher labor costs due to special incentive pay(2)
0.5 %
Other(0.1)%
Net decrease in restaurant wages and related costs as a percentage of restaurant sales(0.8)%
Other operating expenses:
Higher delivery fee expense due to increased delivery channel sales1.2 %
Higher storm costs(3)
0.9 %
Lower other repair and maintenance costs(0.7)%
Lower restaurant entertainment costs(0.2)%
Other(0.1)%
Net increase in other restaurant operating expenses as a percentage of restaurant sales1.1 %
Advertising expense:
Reduced advertising(0.9)%
Net decrease in advertising expense as a percentage of restaurant sales(0.9)%
Pre-opening costs:
Decrease in the number of restaurant openings(0.1)%
Net decrease in pre-opening costs as a percentage of restaurant sales(0.1)%
(1)    Primarily due to improved achievement of bonus metrics.
(2)    Primarily due to special incentive payments to employees related to Winter Storm Uri.
(3)    Primarily repair costs due to the impact of Winter Storm Uri.

Consolidated Restaurant Rent Expense. Restaurant rent expense includes base rent, contingent rent and common area maintenance and property taxes related to our leases characterized as operating leases. Restaurant rent expense, as a percentage of total restaurant sales, increased to 8.1% in the first quarter of 2021 from 7.8% in the first quarter of 2020 due primarily to the impact of lower restaurant sales and higher rental costs related to sale-leasebacks and renewed leases.
Consolidated General and Administrative Expenses. General and administrative expenses are comprised primarily of (1) salaries and expenses associated with the development and support of our Company and brands and the management oversight of the operation of our restaurants; and (2) legal, auditing and other professional fees, corporate system costs, and stock-based compensation expense.
22

General and administrative expenses were $14.6 million for the first quarter of 2021 and $14.4 million for the first quarter of 2020, and as a percentage of total revenues, general and administrative expenses increased to 10.1% in the first quarter of 2021 compared to 9.8% in the first quarter of 2020, due primarily to the impact of lower total revenues and higher incentive costs, partially offset by lower management support costs primarily as a result of headcount reductions in the second quarter of 2020. General and administrative expenses for the first quarter of 2021 included $0.6 million related to digital and brand repositioning costs. General and administrative expenses for the first quarter of 2020 included $0.2 million related to digital and brand repositioning costs and $0.1 million related to search fees for senior executive positions.
Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA is the primary measure of segment profit or loss used by our chief operating decision maker for purposes of allocating resources to our segments and assessing their performance and is defined as earnings attributable to the applicable segment before interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, impairment and other lease charges, goodwill impairment, closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income, stock-based compensation expense, other expense (income), net and certain significant items that management believes are related to strategic changes and/or are not related to the ongoing operation of our restaurants.
Adjusted EBITDA may not necessarily be comparable to other similarly titled captions of other companies due to differences in methods of calculation. Adjusted EBITDA for each of our segments includes an allocation of general and administrative expenses associated with administrative support for executive management, information systems and certain finance, legal, supply chain, human resources, development, and other administrative functions. Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure of performance. For a discussion of our use of Adjusted EBITDA and Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA and a reconciliation from net income (loss) to Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA, see the heading entitled "Management's Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures."
Adjusted EBITDA for Pollo Tropical increased to $12.2 million, or 13.8% of total revenues, in the first quarter of 2021 from $8.8 million, or 10.2% of total revenues, in the first quarter of 2020 due primarily to the impact of higher restaurant sales, improved cost of sales margins, lower restaurant wages and related expenses as a percentage of restaurant sales, and lower advertising expenses, partially offset by higher delivery fee expense. Adjusted EBITDA for Taco Cabana increased to $0.7 million, or 1.2% of total revenues, in the first quarter of 2021 from $(0.9) million, or (1.5)% of total revenues, in the first quarter of 2020 due primarily to lower cost of sales and labor costs as a percentage of restaurant sales, lower advertising costs and general and administrative expenses, and the impact of the closure of unprofitable restaurants in the first quarter of 2020, partially offset by lower restaurant sales, including the impact of Winter Storm Uri, and higher delivery fee expense. We estimate that Winter Storm Uri negatively impacted Adjusted EBITDA for Taco Cabana and Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA by approximately $1.9 million. Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA increased to $12.9 million in the first quarter of 2021 from $7.9 million in the first quarter of 2020.
Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA. We also use Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure, as a supplemental measure to evaluate the performance and profitability of our restaurants in the aggregate, which is defined as Adjusted EBITDA excluding franchise royalty revenues and fees, pre-opening costs and general and administrative expenses (including corporate-level general and administrative expenses).
Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA for Pollo Tropical increased to $18.8 million, or 21.4% of restaurant sales, in the first quarter of 2021 from $15.4 million, or 18.0% of restaurant sales, in the first quarter of 2020 primarily due to the foregoing. Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA for Taco Cabana increased to $6.4 million, or 11.3% of restaurant sales, in the first quarter of 2021 from $5.3 million, or 8.8% of restaurant sales, in the first quarter of 2020 primarily as a result of the foregoing and despite the estimated negative impact of Winter Storm Uri to Adjusted EBITDA of approximately $1.9 million. For a reconciliation from Adjusted EBITDA to Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA, see the heading entitled "Management's Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures."
Depreciation and Amortization. Depreciation and amortization expense decreased to $8.9 million in the first quarter of 2021 from $9.4 million in the first quarter of 2020 due primarily to decreased depreciation as a result of entering into sale-leaseback transactions for several owned restaurant locations and impairing closed restaurant assets, partially offset by an increase in depreciation related to ongoing reinvestment and enhancements to our restaurants that have been made since the first quarter of 2020.
Impairment and Other Lease Charges. Impairment and other lease charges decreased to $(0.1) million in the first quarter of 2021 from $4.2 million in the first quarter of 2020.
Impairment and other lease charges for the three months ended April 4, 2021 for Pollo Tropical include impairment charges of $0.1 million related primarily to equipment from previously impaired and closed restaurants. Impairment and other lease charges for the three months ended April 4, 2021 for Taco Cabana include gains from lease terminations of $(0.2) million.
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Impairment and other lease charges for the three months ended March 29, 2020 for Pollo Tropical include impairment charges of $3.7 million related primarily to assets for three underperforming Pollo Tropical restaurants, two of which we closed in the third quarter of 2020. Impairment and other lease charges for the three months ended March 29, 2020 for Taco Cabana include impairment charges of $0.5 million related primarily to assets for two underperforming restaurants that we continued to operate.
Each quarter we assess the potential impairment of any long-lived assets that have experienced a triggering event, including restaurants for which the related trailing twelve-month cash flows are below a certain threshold. We determine if there is impairment at the restaurant level by comparing undiscounted future cash flows from the related long-lived assets, exclusive of operating lease payments, to their respective carrying values, excluding operating lease liabilities. In determining future cash flows, significant estimates are made by us with respect to future operating results of each restaurant over its remaining lease term, including sales trends, labor rates, commodity costs and other operating cost assumptions. If assets are determined to be impaired, the impairment charge is measured by calculating the amount by which the asset group's carrying amount exceeds its fair value. This process of assessing fair values requires the use of estimates and assumptions, including our ability to sell or reuse the related assets and market conditions, and for right-of-use lease assets, current market lease rent and discount rates, which are subject to a high degree of judgment. If these assumptions change in the future, we may be required to record impairment charges for these assets and these charges could be material. Due to the uncertainty associated with the unprecedented nature of the COVID-19 pandemic and the impact it will have on our operations and future cash flows, it is reasonably possible that the estimates of future cash flows used in impairment assessments will change in the near term and the effect of the change could be material. Our current estimates assume that changes related to COVID-19 will continue to have an impact through the first half of 2021.
For three Pollo Tropical restaurants and three Taco Cabana restaurants with combined carrying values (excluding right-of-use lease assets) of $1.9 million and $1.2 million, respectively, projected cash flows are not substantially in excess of their carrying values. In addition, one Pollo Tropical restaurant with a carrying value (excluding right-of-use lease assets) of $1.8 million has initial sales volumes lower than expected but does not have significant operating history to form a good basis for future projections. If the performance of these restaurants does not improve as projected, an impairment charge could be recognized in future periods, and such charge could be material.
Closed Restaurant Rent Expense, Net of Sublease Income. Closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income was $1.1 million for the first quarter of 2021 and consisted of closed restaurant rent and ancillary lease costs of $1.8 million and $1.0 million net of sublease income of $(1.5) million and $(0.2) million for Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana, respectively. Closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income was $1.6 million for the first quarter of 2020 and consisted of closed restaurant rent and ancillary lease costs of $1.7 million and $1.2 million net of sublease income of $(1.1) million and $(0.1) million for Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana, respectively.
Other Expense (Income), Net. Other expense (income), net for the first quarter of 2021 primarily consisted of total gains of $(0.3) million on the sale-leaseback of two restaurant properties, partially offset by costs for the removal, transfer, and storage of equipment from closed restaurants and other closed restaurant related costs of $0.2 million. Other expense, net was $0.9 million for the first quarter of 2020 and primarily consisted of costs for the removal, transfer, and storage of equipment from closed restaurants and other closed restaurant related costs.
Interest Expense. Interest expense increased to $2.0 million in the first quarter of 2021 compared to $1.0 million in the first quarter of 2020 due primarily to higher interest rates under the term loan in our new senior credit facility compared to our former senior credit facility in 2020.
Provision for (Benefit from) Income Taxes. The effective tax rate was (176.3)% and 29.1% for the first quarter of 2021 and 2020, respectively. The provision for income taxes for the first quarter of 2021 was derived using an estimated annual effective tax rate of 50.93%, which includes changes in the valuation allowance as a result of originating temporary differences during the year and excludes the discrete impact of a tax deficiency from the vesting of restricted shares of $0.3 million and a $1.5 million out-of-period adjustment that increased our income tax provision. See Note 1 to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information on the out-of-period adjustment. The benefit from income taxes for the first quarter of 2020 was derived using the actual effective tax rate for the year to date period, which included a benefit of $1.8 million related to the carryback of net operating losses as a result of the CARES Act and a tax deficiency of $0.3 million from the vesting of restricted shares.
The CARES Act includes provisions that allow net operating losses arising in 2018, 2019, and 2020 to be carried back for up to five years and includes technical amendments that are retroactive to 2018 which permit certain assets to be classified as qualified improvement property and expensed immediately.
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Net Loss. As a result of the foregoing, we had a net loss of $2.1 million in the first quarter of 2021 compared to a net loss of $7.3 million in the first quarter of 2020.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
We do not have significant receivables or inventory and receive trade credit based upon negotiated terms in purchasing food products and other supplies. Although, as a result of our substantial cash balance, we did not have a working capital deficit at April 4, 2021, we have the ability to operate with a substantial working capital deficit (and we have historically operated with a working capital deficit) because:
restaurant operations are primarily conducted on a cash basis;
rapid turnover results in a limited investment in inventories; and
cash from sales is usually received before related liabilities for supplies and payroll become due.
Capital expenditures and payments related to our lease obligations represent significant liquidity requirements for us. We believe our cash reserves, cash generated from our operations and availability of borrowings under our senior credit facility will provide sufficient cash availability to cover our anticipated working capital needs, capital expenditures and debt service requirements for the next twelve months.
Operating Activities. Net cash provided by operating activities in the first three months of 2021 and 2020 was $9.5 million and $4.5 million, respectively. The increase in net cash provided by operating activities in the three months ended April 4, 2021 was primarily driven by an increase in Adjusted EBITDA and the receipt of income tax refunds, partially offset by the timing of payments.
Investing Activities. For the three months ended April 4, 2021, we had offsetting sources and uses of cash in investing activities. Net cash used in investing activities in the first three months of 2020 was $6.1 million. Capital expenditures are the largest component of our investing activities and include: (1) new restaurant development, which may include the purchase of real estate; (2) restaurant remodeling/reimaging, which includes the renovation or rebuilding of the interior and exterior of our existing restaurants; (3) other restaurant capital expenditures, which include capital maintenance expenditures for the ongoing reinvestment and enhancement of our restaurants; and (4) corporate and restaurant information systems.
The following table sets forth our capital expenditures for the periods presented (dollars in thousands).
Pollo
Tropical
Taco
Cabana
OtherConsolidated
Three Months Ended April 4, 2021:
New restaurant development$— $— $— $— 
Restaurant remodeling162 500 — 662 
Other restaurant capital expenditures(1)
514 1,458 — 1,972 
Corporate and restaurant information systems33 73 356 462 
Total capital expenditures$709 $2,031 $356 $3,096 
Number of new restaurant openings— — — 
Three Months Ended March 29, 2020:
New restaurant development$825 $765 $— $1,590 
Restaurant remodeling356 669 — 1,025 
Other restaurant capital expenditures(1)
1,632 904 — 2,536 
Corporate and restaurant information systems468 262 202 932 
Total capital expenditures$3,281 $2,600 $202 $6,083 
Number of new restaurant openings— 
(1)    Excludes restaurant repair and maintenance expenses included in other restaurant operating expenses in our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. For the three months ended April 4, 2021 and March 29, 2020, total restaurant repair and maintenance expenses were approximately $4.2 million and $4.9 million, respectively. For the three months ended April 4, 2021, costs associated with repairs from Winter Storm Uri were approximately $0.5 million.
Cash used in investing activities in the first three months of 2021 included net proceeds of $3.1 million from the sale-leaseback of two restaurant properties.
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Total capital expenditures in 2021 are expected to be between $33.0 million and $38.0 million including $12.0 million to $15.0 million for digital platforms and technology enhancements.
Financing Activities. Net cash used in financing activities in the first three months of 2021 was $0.3 million and included term loan borrowing repayments under our new senior credit facility of $0.2 million and $0.1 million in principal payments on finance leases. Net cash used in financing activities in the first three months of 2020 included net revolving credit borrowing repayments under our former senior credit facility of $4.0 million combined with $3.7 million in payments to repurchase our common stock.
New Senior Credit Facility. On November 23, 2020, we terminated our former amended senior secured revolving credit facility, referred to as the "former senior credit facility," and entered into a new senior secured credit facility, which is referred to as the "new senior credit facility." The new senior credit facility is comprised of a term loan facility (the "term loan facility") of $75.0 million and a revolving credit facility (the "revolving credit facility") of up to $10.0 million and matures on November 23, 2025. The new senior credit facility also provides for potential incremental term loan borrowing increases of up to $37.5 million in the aggregate, subject to, among other items, compliance with a minimum Total Leverage Ratio and other terms specified in the new senior credit facility. On April 4, 2021, there were $74.8 million in outstanding borrowings, subject to an original issue discount, under the term loan facility and no outstanding borrowings under the revolving credit facility.
Under the new senior credit facility, we must repay the unpaid principal amount of the term loan facility quarterly which commenced on March 31, 2021, in an amount equal to 0.25% of the aggregate principal amount of the term loan facility on the effective date of the new senior credit facility, resulting in annual mandatory repayments of $0.8 million.
The new senior credit facility provides that we must maintain minimum Liquidity (as defined in the new senior credit facility) of $20.0 million (the "Liquidity Threshold") until January 3, 2022. The new senior credit facility also provides that we are not required to be in compliance with the Total Leverage Ratio under the new senior credit facility until the earlier of January 3, 2022, or the date on which Liquidity is less than the Liquidity Threshold. We will be permitted to exercise equity cure rights with respect to compliance with the Total Leverage Ratio subject to certain restrictions as set forth in the new senior credit facility.
Borrowings under the new senior credit facility bear interest at a rate per annum, at our option, equal to either (all terms as defined in the new senior credit facility):
1)    the Base Rate plus the Applicable Margin of 6.75% with a minimum Base Rate of 2.00%, or
2)    the LIBOR (or Benchmark Replacement) Rate plus the Applicable Margin of 7.75%, with a minimum LIBOR (or Benchmark Replacement) Rate of 1.00%.
In addition, the new senior credit facility requires us to pay a commitment fee of 0.50% per annum on the daily amount of the unused portion of the revolving credit facility.
The outstanding borrowings under the revolving credit facility are prepayable without penalty or premium (other than customary breakage costs). The outstanding borrowings under the term loan facility are voluntarily prepayable by us, and the term loan facility provides that each of the following shall require a mandatory prepayment of outstanding term loan borrowings by us as follows: (i) 100% of any cash Net Proceeds (as defined in the new senior credit facility) in excess of $2.0 million individually or in the aggregate over the term of the new senior credit facility in respect of any Casualty Event (as defined in the new senior credit facility) affecting collateral provided that we are permitted to reinvest such Net Proceeds in accordance with the new senior credit facility, (ii) 100% of any Net Proceeds of a Specified Equity Contribution (as defined in the new senior credit facility), (iii) 100% of any cash Net Proceeds from the issuance of debt issued by us or our subsidiaries other than Permitted Debt (as defined in the new senior credit facility), (iv) 100% of any Net Proceeds from the Disposition (as defined in the new senior credit facility) of certain assets individually, or in the aggregate, in excess of $2.0 million in any fiscal year provided that we are permitted to reinvest such Net Proceeds in accordance with the new senior credit facility and (v) beginning with the fiscal year ending January 2, 2022, an amount equal to the Excess Cash Flow (as defined in the new senior credit facility) in accordance with the new senior credit facility.
Our new senior credit facility contains customary default provisions, including without limitation, a cross default provision pursuant to which it is an event of default under this facility if there is a default under any of our indebtedness having an outstanding principal amount in excess of $5.0 million which results in the acceleration of such indebtedness prior to its stated maturity or is caused by a failure to pay principal when due.
The new senior credit facility contains certain covenants, including, without limitation, those limiting our ability to, among other things, incur indebtedness, incur liens, sell or acquire assets or businesses, change the character of our business in any
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material respects, engage in transactions with related parties, make certain investments, make certain restricted payments or pay dividends.
Our obligations under the new senior credit facility are secured by all of our and our subsidiaries' assets (including a pledge of all of the capital stock and equity interests of our subsidiaries).
Under the new senior credit facility, the lenders may terminate their obligation to advance and may declare the unpaid balance of borrowings, or any part thereof, immediately due and payable upon the occurrence and during the continuance of customary defaults which include, without limitation, payment default, covenant defaults, bankruptcy type defaults, defaults on other indebtedness, certain judgments or upon the occurrence of a change of control (as specified in the new senior credit facility).
As of April 4, 2021, we were in compliance with the financial covenants under our new senior credit facility. At April 4, 2021, $10.0 million was available for borrowing under the revolving credit facility.
Former Senior Credit Facility. On July 10, 2020, we entered into the Second Amendment to Credit Agreement (as previously defined as the "former senior credit facility") among Fiesta and a syndicate of lenders. Pursuant to the former senior credit facility, the available revolving credit borrowings under the former senior credit facility were reduced from $150.0 million to $95.0 million in a phased reduction beginning with a $30.0 million permanent reduction that occurred on July 10, 2020. The former senior secured credit facility was terminated on November 23, 2020.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements and Contractual Obligations
We have no off-balance sheet arrangements.
There have been no significant changes outside the ordinary course of business to our contractual obligations since January 3, 2021. Information regarding our contractual obligations is included under "Contractual Obligations" in Part II, Item 7, "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 3, 2021.
Inflation
The inflationary factors that have historically affected our results of operations include increases in food and paper costs, labor and other operating expenses and energy costs. Labor costs in our restaurants are impacted by changes in the federal and state hourly minimum wage rates as well as changes in payroll related taxes, including federal and state unemployment taxes. We typically attempt to offset the effect of inflation, at least in part, through periodic menu price increases and various cost reduction programs. However, no assurance can be given that we will be able to fully offset such inflationary cost increases in the future.
Application of Critical Accounting Policies
Our unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Preparing consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses. These estimates and assumptions are affected by the application of our accounting policies. Our significant accounting policies are described in the "Basis of Presentation" footnote in the notes to our consolidated financial statements for the year ended January 3, 2021 included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 3, 2021. Critical accounting estimates are those that require application of management's most difficult, subjective or complex judgments, often as a result of matters that are inherently uncertain and may change in subsequent periods. There have been no material changes affecting our critical accounting policies for the three months ended April 4, 2021.
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Management's Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. We use Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA in addition to net income and income from operations to assess our performance, and we believe it is important for investors to be able to evaluate us using the same measures used by management. We believe this measure is an important indicator of our operational strength and the performance of our business and it provides a view of operations absent non-cash activity and items that are not related to the ongoing operation of our restaurants or affect comparability period over period. Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA as calculated by us is not necessarily comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies, and should not be considered as an alternative to net income (loss), earnings (loss) per share, cash flows from operating activities or other financial information determined under GAAP.
The primary measure of segment profit or loss used by the chief operating decision maker to assess performance and allocate resources is Adjusted EBITDA, which is defined as earnings attributable to the applicable operating segments before interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, impairment and other lease charges, goodwill impairment, closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income, stock-based compensation expense, other expense (income), net, and certain significant items for each segment that management believes are related to strategic changes and/or are not related to the ongoing operation of our restaurants as set forth in the reconciliation table below. Adjusted EBITDA for each of our segments includes an allocation of general and administrative expenses associated with administrative support for executive management, information systems and certain finance, legal, supply chain, human resources, construction and other administrative functions. See Note 6 to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
We also use Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA as a supplemental measure to evaluate the performance and profitability of our restaurants in the aggregate, which is defined as Adjusted EBITDA for the applicable segment excluding franchise royalty revenues and fees, pre-opening costs, and general and administrative expenses (including corporate-level general and administrative expenses). Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA margin is derived by dividing Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA by restaurant sales. Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA is also a non-GAAP financial measure.
Management believes that Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA and Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA, when viewed with our results of operations calculated in accordance with GAAP and our reconciliation of net income (loss) to Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA and Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA (i) provide useful information about our operating performance and period-over-period changes, (ii) provide additional information that is useful for evaluating the operating performance of our business and (iii) permit investors to gain an understanding of the factors and trends affecting our ongoing earnings, from which capital investments are made and debt is serviced. However, such measures are not measures of financial performance or liquidity under GAAP and, accordingly, should not be considered as alternatives to net income or cash flow from operating activities as indicators of operating performance or liquidity. Also these measures may not be comparable to similarly titled captions of other companies.
All such financial measures have important limitations as analytical tools. These limitations include the following:
such financial information does not reflect our capital expenditures, future requirements for capital expenditures or contractual commitments to purchase capital equipment;
such financial information does not reflect interest expense or the cash requirements necessary to service payments on our debt;
although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets that we currently depreciate and amortize will likely have to be replaced in the future, and such financial information does not reflect the cash required to fund such replacements; and
such financial information does not reflect the effect of earnings or charges resulting from matters that our management does not consider to be indicative of our ongoing operations. However, some of these charges and gains (such as impairment and other lease charges, closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income, other income and expense and stock-based compensation expense) have recurred and may recur.
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A reconciliation from consolidated net loss to Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
April 4, 2021March 29, 2020
Net loss$(2,089)$(7,317)
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes1,333 (3,005)
Loss before income taxes(756)(10,322)
Add:
     Non-general and administrative expense adjustments:
          Depreciation and amortization8,926 9,430 
          Impairment and other lease charges(122)4,233 
          Interest expense2,023 961 
          Closed restaurant rent expense, net of sublease income1,091 1,632 
          Other expense (income), net(38)908 
          Stock-based compensation expense in restaurant wages42 36 
                Total non-general and administrative expense adjustments11,922 17,200 
     General and administrative expense adjustments:
          Stock-based compensation expense1,121 776 
          Digital and brand repositioning costs(1)
575 219 
               Total general and administrative expense adjustments1,696 995 
Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA(2)
$12,862 $7,873 
Total revenues$144,739 $146,699 
Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of total revenues(2)
8.9 %5.4 %
(1)    Digital and brand repositioning costs for the three months ended April 4, 2021 and March 29, 2020 include consulting costs related to repositioning the digital experience for our customers.
(2)    We estimate that Winter Storm Uri negatively impacted Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA by approximately $1.9 million and Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of total revenues by approximately 1.1% in the three months ended April 4, 2021.


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A reconciliation from Adjusted EBITDA to Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA follows (in thousands):
Three Months EndedPollo TropicalTaco Cabana
April 4, 2021:
Adjusted EBITDA(1)
$12,192 $670 
Restaurant-level adjustments:
          Add: Other general and administrative expense(2)
6,963 5,909 
          Less: Franchise royalty revenue and fees375 200 
Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA(1)
$18,780 $6,379 
Restaurant sales$87,840 $56,324 
Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of restaurant sales(1)
21.4 %11.3 %
March 29, 2020:
Adjusted EBITDA$8,780 $(907)
Restaurant-level adjustments:
          Add: Pre-opening costs— 69 
          Add: Other general and administrative expense(2)
7,058 6,331 
          Less: Franchise royalty revenue and fees404 209 
Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA$15,434 $5,284 
Restaurant sales$85,721 $60,365 
Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of restaurant sales18.0 %8.8 %
(1)    We estimate that Winter Storm Uri negatively impacted Taco Cabana Adjusted EBITDA and Taco Cabana Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA by approximately $1.9 million and Taco Cabana Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of total revenues and Taco Cabana Restaurant-level Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of restaurant sales by approximately 3.2% and 2.7%, respectively, in the three months ended April 4, 2021.
(2)    Excludes general and administrative adjustments included in Adjusted EBITDA.

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Forward Looking Statements
Matters discussed in this report and in our public disclosures, whether written or oral, relating to future events or our future performance, including any discussion, express or implied, regarding our anticipated growth, operating results, future earnings per share, plans, objectives, the impact of our other business initiatives, the impact of our initiatives designed to strengthen our liquidity and cash position, including those related to working capital efficiency initiatives and sales of real property and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and our initiatives designed to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic on future sales, margins, earnings and liquidity, contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, (the "Exchange Act"). These statements are often identified by the words "believe," "positioned," "estimate," "project," "plan," "goal," "target," "assumption," "continue," "intend," "expect," "future," "anticipate," and other similar expressions, whether in the negative or the affirmative, that are not statements of historical fact. These forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve certain risks, uncertainties, and assumptions that are difficult to predict, and you should not place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements. Our actual results and the timing of certain events could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors, including, but not limited to, those set forth under "Risk Factors" and elsewhere in this report and in our other public filings with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). All forward-looking statements and the internal projections and beliefs upon which we base our expectations included in this report or other periodic reports represent our estimates as of the date made and should not be relied upon as representing our estimates as of any subsequent date. While we may elect to update forward-looking statements at some point in the future, we expressly disclaim any obligation to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise.

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ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
Commodity Price Risk
We purchase certain products which are affected by commodity prices and are, therefore, subject to price volatility caused by weather, market conditions and other factors which are not considered predictable or within our control. Although many of the products purchased are subject to changes in commodity prices, certain purchasing contracts or pricing arrangements have been negotiated in advance to minimize price volatility. Where possible, we use these types of purchasing techniques to control costs as an alternative to using financial instruments to hedge commodity prices. In many cases, we believe we will be able to address commodity cost increases that are significant and appear to be long-term in nature by adjusting our menu pricing. However, long-term increases in commodity prices may result in lower restaurant-level operating margins.
There were no material changes from the information presented in Item 7A included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 3, 2021 with respect to our market risk sensitive instruments.
ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
Disclosure Controls and Procedures. Our senior management is responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act")), designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission's rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by an issuer in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the issuer's management, including its principal executive officer or officers and principal financial officer or officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures. We have evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this report, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as well as other key members of our management. Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of April 4, 2021.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting. No change occurred in our internal control over financial reporting during the first quarter of 2021 that materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings

We are a party to various litigation matters incidental to the conduct of business. We do not believe that the outcome of any of these matters will have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations or financial condition.

Item 1A. Risk Factors
Part 1—Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 3, 2021, describes important factors that could cause our actual operating results to differ materially from those indicated or suggested by forward-looking statements made in this Form 10-Q or presented elsewhere by management from time-to-time. There have been no material changes from the risk factors previously disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 3, 2021.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
None.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
None.
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Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Not applicable.
Item 5. Other Information
None.

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Item 6. Exhibits
(a) The following exhibits are filed as part of this report.
Exhibit
No.
 
101.INSXBRL Instance Document—the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document
101.SCHInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CALInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEFInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LABInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PREInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)

+ Compensatory plan or arrangement

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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
FIESTA RESTAURANT GROUP, INC.
Date: May 13, 2021/s/ RICHARD C. STOCKINGER
(Signature)
Richard C. Stockinger
Chief Executive Officer
Date: May 13, 2021/s/ DIRK MONTGOMERY
(Signature)
Dirk Montgomery
Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer
Date: May 13, 2021/s/ CHERI KINDER
(Signature)
Cheri Kinder
Vice President, Corporate Controller and Chief Accounting Officer

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