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YEWB Yew Bio-Pharm

Filed: 16 Aug 21, 4:03pm

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2021

 

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM TO

 

COMMISSION FILE NUMBER 000-54701

 

YEW BIO-PHARM GROUP, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada 26-1579105

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

9460 Telstar Avenue, Suite 6

El Monte, California 91731

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

(626) 401-9588

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

N/A

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
  Emerging Growth Company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None

 

As of August 13, 2021, there were 51,700,000 shares, $0.001 par value per share, of the registrant’s common stock outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

YEW BIO-PHARM GROUP, INC.

FORM 10-Q

FOR THE THREE-MONTH PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2021

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

  

Page

Number

 
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)1
   
 CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS AS OF JUNE 30, 2021 (UNAUDITED) AND DECEMBER 31, 20201
   
 CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (UNAUDITED) FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021 AND 20202
   
 CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED) FOR THE SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021 AND 20203
   
 CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY (UNAUDITED) FOR THE SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021 AND 20204
   
 NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS5
   
ITEM 2.MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS21
   
ITEM 3.QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK31
   
ITEM 4.CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES31
 
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
   
ITEM 1.LEGAL PROCEEDINGS32
   
ITEM 1A.RISK FACTORS32
   
ITEM 2.UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS32
   
ITEM 3.DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES32
   
ITEM 4.MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES32
   
ITEM 5.OTHER INFORMATION32
   
ITEM 6.EXHIBITS32

 

i

 

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

This document contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. All statements other than statements of historical fact are “forward-looking statements”, including, but not limited to, any projections of earnings, revenue or other financial items; any statements of the plans, strategies and objectives of management for future operations; any statements concerning proposed new services or developments; any statements regarding future economic conditions or performance; any statements of belief; and any statements of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing.

 

Forward-looking statements may include the words “may,” “could,” “will,” “estimate,” “intend,” “continue,” “believe,” “expect” or “anticipate” or other similar words. These forward-looking statements present our estimates and assumptions only as of the date of this report. Except for our ongoing obligation to disclose material information as required by the federal securities laws, we do not intend, and undertake no obligation, to update any forward-looking statement.

 

Although we believe that the expectations reflected in any of our forward-looking statements are reasonable, actual results could differ materially from those projected or assumed in any of our forward-looking statements. Our future financial condition and results of operations, as well as any forward-looking statements, are subject to change and inherent risks and uncertainties. Some of the key factors impacting these risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to:

 

 risks related to our ability to collect amounts owed to us by some of our largest customers;
   
 our ability to continue to purchase yew cuttings from our various suppliers at relatively stable prices;
   
 our dependence on a small number of customers for our yew raw materials, including a related party;
   
 our dependence on a small number of customers for our yew trees for reforestation;
   
 our ability to market successfully yew raw materials used in the manufacture of traditional Chinese medicine (“TCM”);
   
 industry-wide market factors and regulatory and other developments affecting our operations;
   
 our ability to sustain revenues should the Chinese economy slow from its current rate of growth;
   
 continued preferential tax treatment for the sale of yew trees and potted yew trees;
   
 uncertainties about involvement of the Chinese government in business in the People’s Republic of China (the “PRC” or “China”) generally; and
   
 any change in the rate of exchange of the Chinese Renminbi (“RMB”) to the U.S. dollar, which could affect currency translations of our results of operations, which are earned in RMB but reported in dollars;
   
 industry-wide market factors and regulatory and other developments affecting our operations;
   
 any impairment of any of our assets;
   
 a slowdown in the Chinese economy; and
   
 risks related to changes in accounting interpretations.

 

For a detailed description of these and other factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statement, please see the section entitled “Risk Factors”, beginning on page 13 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 filed with the Securities & Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on March 30, 2021.

 

ii

 

 

PART I

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

YEW BIO-PHARM GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

  June 30,  December 31, 
  2021  2020 
  (UNAUDITED)    
ASSETS        
CURRENT ASSETS:        
Cash $166,931  $563,792 
Accounts receivable  2,704,268   217,689 
Accounts receivable - related parties, net  17,127,430   9,045,669 
Inventories, net  110,265   14,608 
Other receivables  143,351   90,989 
VAT input credit  267,992   56,637 
         
Total Current Assets  20,520,237   9,989,384 
         
LONG-TERM ASSETS:        
Long-term inventories, net  586,584   784,784 
Property and equipment, net  528,052   516,921 
Land use rights and yew forest assets, net  40,829,373   41,952,483 
Long-term advance for yew forest assets  358,042   15,415 
Long-term advance for yew forest assets - related parties  125,398   4,854,273 
Operating lease right-of-use assets  306,418   333,402 
         
Total Long-term Assets  42,733,867   48,457,278 
         
Total Assets $63,254,104  $58,446,662 
         
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY        
CURRENT LIABILITIES:        
Accounts payable for acquisition of yew forests and others $1,224,487  $423,881 
Accounts payable for acquisition of yew forests and others - related parties  757,623   - 
Accrued expenses and other payables  1,417,716   404,494 
Due to related parties  747,264   651,360 
Short-term borrowings  9,282,642   8,979,899 
Operating lease liabilities, current  67,058   65,476 
         
Total Current Liabilities  13,496,790   10,525,110 
         
NONCURRENT LIABILITIES:        
Taxes payable  -   973,647 
Deferred income, noncurrent  1,184,716   1,172,928 
Operating lease liabilities, noncurrent  254,537   292,409 
Total Noncurrent Liabilities  1,439,253   2,438,984 
         
Total Liabilities  14,936,043   12,964,094 
         
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES  -   - 
         
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY:        
Common Stock: $0.001 par value; 140,000,000 shares authorized; 51,700,000 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020  51,700   51,700 
Additional paid-in capital  9,644,731   9,644,731 
Retained earnings  33,788,966   31,415,605 
Statutory reserves  3,762,288   3,762,288 
Accumulated other comprehensive income  1,079,373   608,244 
         
Total Yew Bio-Pharm Group, Inc Shareholders’ Equity  48,327,058   45,482,568 
         
Noncontrolling interest  (8,997)  - 
         
Total Equity  48,318,061   45,482,568 
         
Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity $63,254,104  $58,446,662 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements

 

1

 

 

YEW BIO-PHARM GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

 

(UNAUDITED)

 

  2021  2020  2021  2020 
  

For the Three Months ended

June 30

  

For the Six Months ended

June 30

 
  2021  2020  2021  2020 
REVENUES:                
Revenues $6,804,717  $159,709  $6,805,262  $181,498 
Revenues - related parties  8,038,852   9,402,448   16,775,621   11,409,841 
                 
Total Revenues  14,843,569   9,562,157   23,580,883   11,591,339 
                 
COST OF REVENUES:                
Cost of revenues  6,932,631   341,204   6,945,631   382,570 
Cost of revenues - related parties  8,138,966   7,935,570   15,906,307   9,481,131 
                 
Total Cost of Revenues  15,071,597   8,276,774   22,851,938   9,863,701 
                 
GROSS (LOSS) PROFIT  (228,028)  1,285,383   728,945   1,727,638 
                 
OPERATING EXPENSES:                
Selling, general and administrative  208,285   235,417   482,058   516,944 
Bad debt (recovery) expense  (5,672)  193,466   (2,289,179)  196,806 
                 
Total Operating Expenses  202,613   428,883   (1,807,121)  713,750 
       -         
 (LOSS) INCOME FROM OPERATIONS  (430,641)  856,500   2,536,066   1,013,888 
                 
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSES):                
Interest expense  (135,637)  (123,617)  (263,464)  (235,594)
Other income  136,232   (73)  181,604   13,417 
Exchange gains  (115,692)  4,757   (87,978)  97,268 
                 
Total Other Expenses  (115,097)  (118,933)  (169,838)  (124,909)
                 
(LOSS) INCOME BEFORE PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES  (545,738)  737,567   2,366,228   888,979 
PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES  (1,859)  -   (1,859)  - 
NET (LOSS) INCOME $(547,597) $737,567  $2,364,369  $888,979 
Less: Net (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest  (2,820)  -   (8,992)  - 
NET (LOSS) INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO YEW BIO-PHARM GROUP, INC  (544,777)  737,567   2,373,361   888,979 
                 
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS):                
NET (LOSS) INCOME $(547,597) $737,567  $2,364,369  $888,979 
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS):                
Foreign currency translation adjustment  723,236   102,289   471,124   (713,755)
                 
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) $175,639  $839,856  $2,835,493  $175,224 
Less: comprehensive (loss) attributable to non-controlling interest  (401)  -   (5)  - 
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO YEW BIO-PHARM GROUP, INC  178,058   839,856   2,844,480   175,224 
                 
NET (LOSS) INCOME PER COMMON SHARE:                
Basic $(0.01) $0.01  $0.05  $0.02 
Diluted $(0.01) $0.01  $0.05  $0.02 
WEIGHTED AVERAGE COMMON SHARES OUTSTANDING:                
Basic  51,700,000   51,700,000   51,700,000   51,700,000 
Diluted  51,700,000   51,700,000   51,700,000   51,700,000 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements

 

2

 

 

YEW BIO-PHARM GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

(UNAUDITED)

 

  2021  2020 
  

For the Six Months ended

June 30,

 
  2021  2020 
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:        
Net income $2,364,369  $888,979 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:        
Bad debt (recovery) expense  (2,289,179)  196,806 
Depreciation expense  32,104   14,820 
Loss on disposal of property and equipment  18,072   - 
Inventory reserve  (97,741)  369,757 
Amortization of land use rights and yew forest assets  1,384,847   1,273,541 
Sale of yew forest assets as inventory  7,754,557   4,330,465 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:      
Accounts receivable  (2,483,797)  3,429,536 
Accounts receivable - related parties  (5,700,808)  (4,341,860)
Other current assets  (61,132)  (158,911)
Inventories  208,439   827,706 
VAT input credit  (210,763)  (409,926)
Accounts payable  52,090   (42,751)
Accounts payable - related parties  -   (188,284)
Accrued expenses and other payables  36,833   138,844 
Advance from customer  -   359,687 
Advance from customer- related parties  -   110,910 
Due to related parties  28,280   (2,573)
Long-term deferred income  -   240,976 
         
NET CASH PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES  1,036,171   7,037,722 
         
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:        
Prepayments made for purchase of yew forest assets  (342,435)  (603,355)
Purchase of property and equipment  (58,372)  (39,349)
Purchase of yew forest assets  (1,313,702)  (5,427,104)
         
NET CASH USED IN INVESTING ACTIVITIES  (1,714,509)  (6,069,808)
         
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:        
Proceeds from short-term borrowings  5,653,727   5,299,883 
Repayments of short-term borrowings  (5,378,538)  (5,229,963)
Proceeds from related parties  66,642   1,040 
         
NET CASH PROVIDED BY FINANCING ACTIVITIES  341,831   70,960 
         
EFFECT OF EXCHANGE RATE ON CASH  (60,354)  (112,659)
         
NET (DECREASE) INCREASE IN CASH  (396,861)  926,215 
         
CASH - Beginning of the year  563,792   742,294 
         
CASH - End of the year $166,931  $1,668,509 
         
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION:        
Cash paid for:        
Interest $254,559  $235,594 
Income taxes $-  $- 
         
NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES        
Operating expense paid by related party $-  $853 
Payable for acquisition of yew forests- related party $-  $171,814 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements

 

3

 

 

YEW BIO-PHARM GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

  Number of Shares  Amount  paid-in Capital  Retained Earnings  Statutory Reserve  Comprehensive Income (Loss)  Shareholders’
Equity
  controlling interest  

Total

Equity

 
                         
  Common Stock,
Par Value $0.001
  Additional        Accumulated
Other
  Total  Non    
  Number of Shares  Amount  paid-in
Capital
  Retained Earnings  Statutory Reserve  Comprehensive Income (Loss)  Shareholders’
Equity
  controlling interest  

Total

Equity

 
                            
Balance, December 31, 2019  51,700,000  $51,700  $9,819,828  $29,950,723  $3,762,288  $(2,190,844) $41,393,695        -    - 
Net income      -   -   888,979   -   -   888,979   -   888,979 
                                     
Purchase of yew forest assets from entity under common control with price over carrying amount  -   -   (171,814)  -   -   -   (171,814)  -   - 
                                     
Foreign currency translation adjustment  

-

   -    -   -   -   (713,755)  (713,755)  -   (713,755)
                                     
Balance, June 30, 2020  51,700,000  $51,700  $9,648,014  $30,839,702  $3,762,288  $(2,904,599) $41,397,105   -   - 

  

  Common Stock,
Par Value $0.001
  Additional       Accumulated Other  Total  Non   
  Number of Shares  Amount  paid-in
Capital
 Retained Earnings  Statutory Reserve  Comprehensive Income  Shareholders’ Equity  controlling interest  Total Equity 
                           
Balance, December 31, 2020  51,700,000  $51,700  $ 9,644,731  $31,415,605   3,762,288  $608,244  $45,482,568   -    45,482,568 
Net income (loss)  -   -    -    2,373,361   -    -    2,373,361   (8,992)  2,364,369 
                                     
Foreign currency translation adjustment  -   -    -    -    -    471,129   471,129   (5)  471,124 
                                    
Balance, June 30, 2021  51,700,000  $51,700  $ 9,644,731  $33,788,966   3,762,288  $1,079,373  $48,327,058   (8,997)  48,318,061 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements

 

4

 

 

NOTE 1 - ORGANIZATION AND PRINCIPAL ACTIVITIES

 

The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted as permitted by rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). The consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2020 was derived from the audited consolidated financial statements of Yew Bio-Pharm Group, Inc. (individually “YBP” and collectively with its subsidiaries and operating variable interest entity, the “Company”). The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the summary of significant accounting policies and notes to consolidated financial statements included in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.

 

In the opinion of management, all adjustments (which include normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present a fair statement of the financial position as of June 30, 2021, and the results of operations and cash flows for the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, have been presented.

 

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The Company continually evaluates its estimates, including those related to bad debts, inventories, income taxes, and the valuation of equity transactions. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that it believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Any future changes to these estimates and assumptions could cause a material change to our reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

 

Certain amounts from prior period financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. This reclassification has resulted in no changes to the Company’s financial position or results of operations presented.

 

5

 

 

Details of the Company’s subsidiaries, variable interest entity (“VIE”) and VIE’s subsidiary are as follows:

 SCHEDULE OF COMPANY'S SUBSIDIARIES AND VARIABLE INTEREST ENTITIES

Name Domicile and Date of Incorporation 

Registered

Capital

 

Effective

Ownership

  

Principal

Activities

Heilongjiang Jinshangjing Bio-Technology Development Co., Limited (“JSJ”) PRC October 29, 2009
 US$100,000  100% Holding company
Yew Bio-Pharm Holdings Limited (“Yew Bio-Pharm (HK)”) HongKong November 29, 2010
 HK$10,000  100% Holding company of JSJ
Harbin Yew Science and Technology Development Co., Ltd. (“HDS”) PRC August 22, 1996
 RMB45,000,000  Contractual arrangements  Sales of yew tree components for use in pharmaceutical industry; sales of yew tree seedlings; the manufacture of yew tree wood handicrafts; and the sales of candle, pine needle extract, yew essential oil soap, complex taxus cuspidate extract, and northeast yew extract
Harbin Yew Food Co., Ltd (“HYF”) PRC November 4, 2014
 RMB100,000  100%(1) Sales of wood ear mushroom drink
MC Commerce Holding Inc.(“MC”) State of California, United State June 8, 2016
    100%(2) Sales of yew oil candles and yew oil soaps
Harbin Jingchibai Bio-Technology Development Co., Limited (“JCB”) PRC March 18, 2020
 RMB1,000,000  51%(3) Sales of yew oil candles and yew oil soaps, no active operation since its incorporation
Yew (Guangzhou) Bio-Technology Co., Ltd (“YBT”) PRC December 24, 2020 RMB10,000,000  80% Cosmetic marketing and sales

 

(1)Wholly-owned subsidiary of HDS

 

(2)51% owned by YBP and 49% owned by HDS
  
(3)JCB was cancelled of its registration on December 3, 2020

 

6

 

 

NOTE 2 - PRINCIPLES OF CONSOLIDATION

 

The consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of YBP, its subsidiaries and operating VIE and its subsidiary in which the Company is the primary beneficiary. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated on consolidation. Certain reclassifications have been made to the consolidated financial statements for prior year to the current year’s presentation. Such reclassifications have no effect on net income as previously reported.

 

Pursuant to a restructuring plan intended to ensure compliance with applicable PRC laws and regulations (the “Second Restructure”), on November 5, 2010, JSJ entered into a series of contractual arrangements (the “Contractual Arrangements”) with HDS and/or Zhiguo Wang, his wife Guifang Qi and Xingming Han (collectively with Mr. Wang and Madame Qi, the “HDS Shareholders”), as described below:

 

 Exclusive Business Cooperation Agreement. Pursuant to the Exclusive Business Cooperation Agreement between JSJ and HDS (the “Business Cooperation Agreement”), JSJ has the exclusive right to provide to HDS general business operation services, including advice and strategic planning, as well as consulting services related to technology, research and development, human resources, marketing and other services deemed necessary (collectively, the “Services”). Under the Business Cooperation Agreement, JSJ has exclusive and proprietary rights and interests in all rights, ownership, interests and intellectual properties arising out of or created during the performance of the Business Cooperation Agreement, including but not limited to copyrights, patents, patent applications, software and trade secrets. HDS shall pay to JSJ a monthly consulting service fee (the “Service Fee”) in RMB that is equal to 100% of the monthly net income of HDS. Upon the prior written consent by JSJ, the rate of Service Fee may be adjusted pursuant to the operational needs of HDS. Within 30 days after the end of each month, HDS shall (a) deliver to JSJ the management accounts and operating statistics of HDS for such month, including the net income of HDS during such month (the “Monthly Net Income”), and (b) pay 80% of such Monthly Net Income to JSJ (each such payment, a “Monthly Payment”). Within ninety (90) days after the end of each fiscal year, HDS shall (a) deliver to JSJ financial statements of HDS for such fiscal year, which shall be audited and certified by an independent certified public accountant approved by JSJ, and (b) pay an amount to JSJ equal to the shortfall, if any, of the aggregate net income of HDS for such fiscal year, as shown in such audited financial statements, as compared to the aggregate amount of the Monthly Payments paid by HDS to JSJ in such fiscal year. HDS also granted an irrevocable and exclusive option to JSJ to purchase any and all of the assets of HDS, to the extent permitted under PRC law, at the lowest price permitted by PRC law. Unless earlier terminated in accordance with the provisions of the Business Cooperation Agreement or other agreements separately executed between JSJ and HDS, the Business Cooperation Agreement is for a term of ten years and expires on November 5, 2020; however, the term of the Business Cooperation Agreement may be extended if confirmed in writing by JSJ prior to the expiration of the term thereof. The period of the extended term shall be determined exclusively by JSJ and HDS shall accept such extended term unconditionally. Unless JSJ commits gross negligence, or a fraudulent act, against HDS, HDS shall not terminate the Business Cooperation Agreement prior to the expiration of the term, including any extended term. Notwithstanding the foregoing, JSJ shall have the right to terminate the Business Cooperation Agreement at any time upon giving 30 days’ prior written notice to HDS.
   
 Exclusive Option Agreement. Under an Exclusive Option Agreement among JSJ, HDS and each HDS Shareholder (individually, an “Option Agreement”), the terms of which are substantively identical to each other, each HDS Shareholder has granted JSJ or its designee the irrevocable and exclusive right to purchase, to the extent permitted under PRC law, all or any part of the HDS Shareholder’s equity interests in HDS (the “Equity Interest Purchase Option”) for RMB10. If an appraisal is required by PRC laws at the time when and if JSJ exercises the Equity Interest Purchase Option, the parties shall negotiate in good faith and, based upon the appraisal, make a necessary adjustment to the purchase price so that it complies with any and all then applicable PRC laws. Without the consent of JSJ, the HDS Shareholders shall not sell, transfer, mortgage or dispose of their respective shares of HDS stock. Additionally, without the prior consent of JSJ, the HDS Shareholders shall not in any manner supplement, change or amend the articles of association and bylaws of HDS, increase or decrease its registered capital, change the structure of its registered capital in any other manner, or engage in any transactions that could materially affect HDS’ assets, liabilities, rights or operations, including, without limitation, the incurrence or assumption of any indebtedness except incurred in the ordinary course of business, execute any major contract over RMB500,000, sell or purchase any assets or rights, incur of any encumbrance on any of its assets or intellectual property rights in favor of a third party or transfer of any agreements relating to its business operation to any third party. The term of each Option Agreement is ten years commencing on November 5, 2020 and may be extended at the sole election of JSJ.

 

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 Equity Interest Pledge Agreement. In order to guarantee HDS’s performance of its obligations under the Business Cooperation Agreement, each HDS Shareholder, JSJ and HDS entered into an Equity Interest Pledge Agreement (individually, a “Pledge Agreement”), the terms of which are substantially similar to each other. Pursuant to the Pledge Agreement, each HDS Shareholder pledged all of his or her equity interest in HDS to JSJ. If HDS or the HDS Shareholders breach their respective contractual obligations and such breach is not remedied to the satisfaction of JSJ within 20 days after the giving of notice of breach, JSJ, as pledgee, will be entitled to exercise certain rights, including the right to foreclose upon and sell the pledged equity interests. During the term of the Pledge Agreement, the HDS Shareholder shall not transfer his or her equity interest in HDS or place or otherwise permit any other security interest of other encumbrance to be placed on such equity interest. Upon the full payment of the Service Fee under the Business Cooperation Agreement and upon the termination of HDS’s obligations thereunder, the Pledge Agreement shall be terminated.
   
 Power of Attorney. Under the Power of Attorney executed by each HDS Shareholder (each, a “Power of Attorney”), the terms of which are substantially similar to each other, JSJ has been granted an exclusive, irrevocable power of attorney to take actions in the place and stead of the HDS Shareholders, to act on behalf of the HDS Shareholder as his or her exclusive agent and attorney with respect to all matters concerning the HDS Shareholder’s equity interests in HDS, including without limitation, the right to: 1) attend shareholders’ meetings of HDS; 2) exercise all the HDS Shareholders’ rights, including voting rights under PRC laws and HDS’s Articles of Association, including but not limited to the sale or transfer or pledge or disposition of the HDS Shareholder’s equity interests in HDS in whole or in part; and 3) designate and appoint on behalf of the HDS Shareholders the legal representative, executive director, supervisor, manager and other senior management of HDS.

 

To the extent that the Contractual Arrangements are enforceable under PRC law, as from time to time interpreted by relevant state agencies, they constitute the valid and binding obligations of each of the parties to each such agreement.

 

The Company believes that HDS is considered a VIE under ASC 810 “Consolidation”, because the equity investors in HDS no longer have the characteristics of a controlling financial interest, and the Company, through JSJ, is the primary beneficiary of HDS and controls HDS’s operations. Accordingly, HDS has been consolidated as a deemed subsidiary into YBP as a reporting company under ASC 810.

 

8

 

 

YBP has no direct or indirect legal or equity ownership interest in HDS. However, through the Contractual Arrangements, the stockholders of HDS have assigned all their rights as stockholders, including voting rights and disposition rights of their equity interests in HDS to JSJ, our indirect, wholly-owned subsidiary. YBP is deemed to be the primary beneficiary of HDS and the financial statements of HDS are consolidated in the Company’s consolidated financial statements. At June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the carrying amount and classification of the assets and liabilities in the Company’s balance sheets that relate to the Company’s variable interest in the VIE and VIE’s subsidiary are as follows:

 SCHEDULE OF CARRYING AMOUNT OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES RELATED TO VARIABLE INTEREST ENTITY

  

June 30,

2021

  

December 31,

2020

 
Assets        
Cash $150,920  $549,771 
Accounts receivable  2,741,500   250,000 
Accounts receivable - related parties, net  17,127,430   9,045,669 
Other current assets  1,350,565   5,418,495 
Property and equipment, net  497,604   483,139 
Long-term investment in an affiliate  4,369,557   4,172,550 
Land use rights and yew forest assets, net  40,829,372   41,952,483 
Operating lease right of use assets  231,785   236,833 
Total assets of VIE and its subsidiary $67,298,733  $62,108,940 
         
Liabilities        
Accounts payable for acquisition of yew forests and others $1,137,544  $389,028 
Accounts payable for acquisition of yew forests and others - related parties  757,623   - 
Other current liabilities  328,725   272,297 
Short-term borrowings  9,264,642   8,899,979 
Operating lease liability, current and noncurrent  245,183   259,686 
Deferred income, noncurrent  1,184,716   1,172,928 
Due to related parties and VIE holding companies  125,950   97,461 
Total liabilities of VIE and its subsidiary $13,044,383  $11,091,379 

 

9

 

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements Adopted

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, “Intangibles and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment”, which eliminates the requirement to calculate the implied fair value of goodwill, but rather requires an entity to record an impairment charge based on the excess of a reporting unit’s carrying value over its fair value. This amendment is effective for annual or interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted. The Company adopted ASU No. 2017-04 on January 01, 2020 and the adoption did not have an impact on the Company’s financial position and results of operations.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Adopted

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, “Financial Instruments—Credit Losses”. The standard, including subsequently issued amendments (ASU 2018-19, ASU 2019-04, ASU 2019-05, ASU 2019-10 and ASU 2019-11), requires a financial asset measured at amortized cost basis, such as accounts receivable and certain other financial assets, to be presented at the net amount expected to be collected based on relevant information about past events, including historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts that affect the collectability of the reported amount. In November 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-10 to postpone the effective date of ASU No. 2016-13 for public business entities eligible to be smaller reporting companies defined by the SEC to fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is evaluating the impact of this guidance on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting. The standard provides optional expedients and exceptions for applying GAAP to contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions in which the reference LIBOR or another reference rate are expected to be discontinued as a result of the Reference Rate Reform. The standard is effective for all entities. The standard may be adopted as of any date from the beginning of an interim period that includes or is subsequent to March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the effects of the standard on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

 

The management does not believe that other than disclosed above, accounting pronouncements the recently issued but not yet adopted will have a material impact on its financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

NOTE 3 - REVENUE RECOGNITION

 

The Company accounts for revenue arising from contracts and customers in accordance with Accounting Standards Update (ASU or Update) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”).

 

Under ASC 606, the Company recognizes revenue when its customer obtains control of promised goods, in an amount that reflects the consideration which the Company expects to receive in exchange for those goods. To determine revenue recognition for arrangements that the Company determines are within the scope of ASC 606, the Company performs the following five steps: (i) identify the contract(s) with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognize revenue when (or as) the Company satisfies a performance obligation. The Company only applies the five-step model to contracts when it is probable that Company will collect the consideration it is entitled to in exchange for the goods it transfers to the customer. At contract inception, once the contract is determined to be within the scope of ASC 606, the Company assesses the goods promised within each contract and determines those that are performance obligations and assesses whether each promised good is distinct. The Company then recognizes as revenue the amount of the transaction price, which is allocated to the respective performance obligation, when the performance obligation is satisfied. Generally, the Company’s performance obligations are satisfied when the customers take possession of the products, which normally occurs upon shipment or delivery depending on the terms of the contracts.

 

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NOTE 4 - TAXES

 

(a) Federal Income Tax and Enterprise Income Taxes

 

The table below summarizes the difference between the U.S. statutory federal tax rate and the Company’s effective tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020:

 SCHEDULE OF DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE U.S. STATUTORY FEDERAL TAX RATE AND COMPANY'S EFFECTIVE TAX RATE

  

Six Months ended

June 30,

 
  2021  2020 
U.S. federal income tax rate  21.0%  21.0%
Tax rate difference  4.7%  6.9%
Loss not subject income tax  3.6%  - 
PRC tax exemption and reduction  (29.3)%  (27.9)%
GILTI  -%  -%
Others  -%  -%
Effective tax rate  -%  -%

 

In Accordance with the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”), the Company recognized a one-time transition tax of $1,431,835 during 2018 that represented management’s estimate of the amount of U.S. corporate income tax based on the deemed repatriation to the United States of the Company’s share of previously deferred earnings of certain non-U.S. subsidiaries of the Company mandated by the U.S. Tax Reform. The Company elected to pay the one-time transition tax over eight years commencing in 2018. The actual impact of the U.S. Tax Reform on the Company may differ from management’s estimates, and management may update its judgments based on future regulations or guidance issued or changes in the interpretations taken that would adjust the provisional amounts recorded. As of June 30, 2021, and December 31, 2020, the Company had current income tax payable of $1,088,257 and $115,327, and noncurrent income tax payable of $nil and $973,647, respectively.

 

In addition, the 2017 Tax Act also creates a new requirement that certain income (i.e., Global Intangible Low-Taxed Income (“GILTI”)) earned by controlled foreign corporations (“CFCs”) must be included currently in the gross income of the CFCs’ U.S. shareholder income. GILTI is the excess of the shareholder’s net CFC tested income over the net deemed tangible income return, which is currently defined as the excess of (1) 10 percent of the aggregate of the U.S. shareholder’s pro rata share of the qualified business asset investment of each CFC with respect to which it is a U.S. shareholder over (2) the amount of certain interest expense taken into account in the determination of net CFC-tested income. The Company has elected to recognize the tax on GILTI as a period expense in the period the tax is incurred. For the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, the GILTI tax expense was $nil, and the Company had 0 GILTI tax payable outstanding as of June 30, 2021, and December 31, 2020.

 

The Company’s subsidiary, JSJ, and VIE and its subsidiary, HDS and HYF, incorporated in the PRC, are subject to PRC’s Enterprise Income Tax. Pursuant to the PRC Income Tax Laws, Enterprise Income Taxes (“EIT”) is generally imposed at 25%. However, HDS has been named as a leading enterprise in the agricultural industry and awarded with a tax exemption through December 31, 2058 with an exception of sales of handicrafts, yew candle, pine needle extracts and yew essential oil soap which are not within the scope of agricultural area.

 

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NOTE 5 - SHORT-TERM BORROWINGS

 

Loans from China Everbright Bank

 

On December 22, 2016, HDS entered into a credit agreement with China Everbright Bank (“CEB”) which agreed to provide a line of credit of $2,800,000 (approximately RMB20 million) to the Company for the period of three years. On February 25, 2020, the Company entered into another credit agreement with CEB, pursuant to which CEB provides another line of credit of RMB20 million (approximately $2,820,000) to the Company for the period of three years. These loans carry interest rates ranging from 4.30% to 5.65% per annum and the interests are payable when the loans are due. The loans with CEB are secured by properties and land use rights of Yew Pharmaceutical. In addition, Zhiguo Wang, Madame Qi, Yew Pharmaceutical, and ZTC provided personal guarantees to the loans. HDS paid two $1,400,000 back in March and April 2020, totaling $2,800,000 under the initial line of credit, resulted the initial line of credit was paid off in its entirety. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company held approximately $3.1 (RMB 19.9 million) million and $2.8 million loans from CEB, respectively.

 

Loans from Bank of Yingkou

 

On July 26, 2019, HDS entered into a loan agreement with Bank of Yingkou Harbin Branch (“Yingkou Bank”), through which HDS obtained a bank loan in the amount of RMB15 million (approximately $2,153,000), payable on July 25, 2020. The loan carried an interest rate of 6.525% per annum and is payable monthly. Heilongjiang Zishan Technology Co., Ltd. (“ZTC”), a related party controlled by Zhiguo Wang and his wife Madame Qi, collateralized its buildings and land use right with Yingkou Bank to secure the loan. In addition, HEFS, HBP, Yew Pharmaceutical, and ZTC provided guarantees to the loan. HDS renewed the RMB15 million (approximately $2,200,000) bank loan with Yingkou Bank on July 24, 2020 with the expiration date on July 23, 2021. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, approximately $2.3 million (RMB 15 million) were outstanding under the loan agreement.

 

On August 20, 2019, HDS entered into another loan agreement with Yingkou Bank, pursuant to which HDS obtained a bank loan in the amount of RMB5 million (approximately $718,000), payable on August 19, 2020. The loan carries an interest rate of 6.525% per annum and is payable monthly. ZTC, a related party controlled by Zhiguo Wang and his wife Madame Qi, collateralized its buildings and land use right with Yingkou Bank to secure the loan. In addition, HEFS, HBP, Yew Pharmaceutical, and ZTC provided guarantees to the loan. HDS renewed the RMB5 million (approximately $735,000) for another year with maturity date on July 23, 2021. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, approximately $0.8 million (RMB5 million) and $0.8 million (RMB5 million) were outstanding under the loan agreement, respectively.

 

Loan from Postal Saving Bank of China

 

On May 13, 2019, HDS entered into a credit agreement with Postal Saving Bank of China who agreed to provide a line of credit of RMB20 million (approximately $2,830,000) to the Company for the period of ten years. These loans have interest rate of 5.22% per annum payable monthly. Zhiguo Wang and his wife Madame Qi, pledged buildings and land use rights they owned with Postal Saving Bank of China to secure the loans. In addition, Zhiguo Wang and his wife Madame Qi, Yicheng Wang and Lei Zhang provided personal guarantees to the loans. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, approximately $3.1 million (RMB 20 million) was outstanding under the line of credit.

 

SBA loans

 

On May 1, 2020, the Company got a Promissory Note (the “Note”) of $70,920 from Paycheck Protection Program (the “PPP Loan”) through Bank of America (the “Lender”) under the CARES Act excused by government due to the COVID-19 crisis. The interest rate on this Note is a fixed rate of 1.00% per annum. The loan will be due in one payment of all outstanding principal plus all accrued unpaid interest in two years after the date of this Note (“Maturity Date”). According to the program terms, the PPP loan will be fully forgiven if the funds are used for payroll costs, interest on mortgages, rent, and utilities. Loan payments will also be deferred for six months. No collateral or personal guarantees are required. $70,920 PPP Loan was received and outstanding as of December 31, 2020 and $61,920 in principal was forgiven on December 15, 2020 by Small Business Administration which, which was recognized as other income for the six months ended June 30, 2021.

 

On July 2020, the Company received advances of the SBA Economic Injury Disaster Loans (“EIDL”) totaling $9,000 under the CARES Act. The advances will reduce the amount that will ultimately be forgiven under the PPP program.

 

Other loan

 

On January 30, 2020, Yicheng Wang entered into a loan agreement with the Company, pursuant to which the Company lent RMB600,000 to Yicheng Wang for the period from January 30, 2020 to January 29, 2021 at the interest rate of 5.00%. On February 24 and 25, 2020, Yicheng Wang paid the entire loan amount off.

 

During the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, interest expense was $135,637 and $123,617, respectively. During the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, interest expense was $263,464 and $235,594, respectively.

 

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NOTE 6 - STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

Stock option activities for the six months ended June 30, 2021 was summarized in the following table. 

SCHEDULE OF STOCK OPTION ACTIVITIES

  Number of Stock Options  Weighted Average Exercise Price  Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Life in Years 
Balance as of December 31, 2020  7,738,737   0.22   1.00 
Issued  -   -     
Exercised  -   -     
Forfeited  -   -     
Balance at end of period  7,738,737   0.22   0.50 
Option exercisable at June 30, 2021  7,738,737   0.22   0.50 

 

The Company’s outstanding stock options and exercisable stock options had intrinsic value in the amount of $nil, based upon the Company’s closing stock price of $0.19 as of June 30, 2021. Stock option expense recognized during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 was $nil.

 

Note 7 - LEASES

 

The Company leases office space from third parties and related parties.

 

Leases is classified as operating at inception of the lease. Operating leases result in the recognition of ROU assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet. ROU assets represent the Company’s right to use the leased asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent the obligation to make lease payments. The liability is calculated as the present value of the remaining minimum rental payments for existing operating leases using either the rate implicit in the lease or, if none exists, the Company’s incremental borrowing rate. The Company uses incremental borrowing rate at 6.44% annum. Lease expense for these leases is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

 

The components of lease expense consist of the following:

 SCHEDULE OF LEASE EXPENSES

  Classification Six Months ended
June 30,
2021
  Six Months ended
June 30,
2020
 
Operating lease cost Selling, general and administrative expense $40,113  $38,686 
Net lease cost   $40,113  $38,686 

 

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Balance sheet information related to leases consists of the following:

 SCHEDULE OF BALANCE SHEET INFORMATION RELATED TO LEASES

  Classification June 30, 2021  December 31, 2020 
Assets          
Operating lease ROU assets Right-of-use assets $306,418  $333,402 
Total leased assets   $306,418  $333,402 
Liabilities          
Current          
Operating Current maturities of operating lease liabilities $67,058  $65,476 
           
Non-current          
Operating Operating lease liabilities  254,537   292,409 
Total lease liabilities   $321,595  $357,885 
           
Weighted average remaining lease term          
Operating leases    10.5 years   10.9 years 
           
Weighted average discount rate          
Operating leases    6.44%  6.44%

 

14

 

 

Cash flow information related to leases consists of the following:

 SCHEDULE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION RELATED TO LEASES

  Six Months ended
June 30,
2021
  Six Months ended
June 30,
2020
 
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:        
Operating cash flows from operating leases $51,195  $52,674 

 

The minimum future lease payments as of June 30, 2021 are as follows:

 SCHEDULE OF MINIMUM FUTURE LEASE PAYMENTS

Years Ending December 31, Operating Leases 
The remaining of 2021 $30,866 
2022  82,293 
2023  35,561 
2024  31,299 
2025  28,078 
After 2025  226,033 
Total lease payments  434,130 
Less: Interest  (112,535)
Present value of lease liabilities $321,595 

 

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NOTE 8 - CONCENTRATIONS OF CREDIT RISK AND MAJOR CUSTOMERS

 

Customers

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, major customers whose sales and accounts receivable accounted for 10% or more of the Company’s total revenue and accounts receivable, respectively, were as follows:

 SCHEDULE OF CONCENTRATION OF RISK MAJOR CUSTOMERS AND SUPPLIERS

  For the Six Months ended
June 30,
 
Customers 2021  2020 
A (Yew Pharmaceutical, a related party)  42%  61%
C (DMSU, a related party)  -%  22%
D (LIFEFORFUN LIMITED, a related party)  29%  15%
E (BR METALS PTE, LTD )  29%  -%

 

  Accounts receivable as of 
Customers June 30, 2021  December 31, 2020 
A (Yew Pharmaceutical, a related party)  40%  0*%
B (HongKong YIDA Commerce Co., Limited, a related party)  -%  91%
D (LIFEFORFUN LIMITED, a related party)  46%  -%
E (BR METALS PTE, LTD )  13%  -%

 

*Less than 10%

 

Suppliers

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, major suppliers accounting for 10% or more of the Company’s total purchase and major suppliers whose accounts payable accounted for 10% or more of the Company’s total accounts payable were as follows:

 SCHEDULE OF CONCENTRATION OF RISK MAJOR CUSTOMERS AND SUPPLIERS

  For the Six Months
Ended June 30,
 
Suppliers 2021  2020 
A (Yew Pharmaceutical, a related party)  68%  36%
F (Heilongjiang Zishan Technology Co., Ltd., a related party)  -   11%

 

  Accounts payable as of 
Suppliers June 30, 2021  December 31, 2020 
G (Heilongjiang Weishahe Agriculture Technology Co., Ltd)  16%  68%
H (Xingcai Shi)  39%  18%
I (Cai Wang, a related party)  13%  -%
J (Xue Wang, a related party)  22%  -%

 

At June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company’s cash balances by geographic area were as follows:

 SCHEDULE OF CASH BALANCES BY GEOGRAPHICAL AREAS

  June 30, 2021  December 31, 2020 
Country        
United States $6,896  $3,071 
China  160,035   560,721 
Total Cash $166,931  $563,792 

 

In China, a depositor has up to RMB 500,000 insured by the People’s Bank of China Financial Stability Bureau (“FSD”). In the United States, the standard insurance amount is $250,000 per depositor in a bank insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”). As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, approximately $164,000 and $242,000 of the Company’s cash held by financial institutions, was insured, and the remaining balance of approximately $3,300 and $322,000 was not insured, respectively.

 

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NOTE 9 - RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

In addition to several of the Company’s officers and directors, the Company conducted transactions with the following related parties:

 SCHEDULE OF COMPANY TRANSACTION WITH THE RELATED PARTIES

Company Ownership
Heilongjiang Zishan Technology Co., Ltd. (“ZTC”) 51% owned by Heilongjiang Hongdoushan Ecology Forest Co., Ltd., 34% owned by Zhiguo Wang, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, 11% owned by Guifang Qi, the wife of Mr. Wang and director of the Company, and 4% owned by third parties.
   
Heilongjiang Yew Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. (“Yew Pharmaceutical”) 95% owned by Heilongjiang Hongdoushan Ecology Forest Stock Co., Ltd., and 5% owned by Madame Qi.
   
Shanghai Kairun Bio-Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. (“Kairun”) 60% owned by Heilongjiang Zishan Technology Co., Ltd., 20% owned by Heilongjiang Hongdoushan Ecology Forest Stock Co., Ltd., and 20% owned by Mr. Wang.
   
Heilongjiang Hongdoushan Ecology Forest Co., Ltd. (“HEFS”) 63% owned by Mr. Wang, 34% owned by Madame Qi, and 3% owned by third parties.
   
Hongdoushan Bio-Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. (“HBP”) 30% owned by Mr. Wang, 19% owned by Madame Qi and 51% owned by HEFS
   
Heilongjiang Pingshan Hongdoushan Development Co., Ltd. (“HDS Development”) 80% owned by HEFS and 20% owned by Kairun
   
Wuchang City Xinlin Forestry Co., Ltd. (Xinlin) 98% owned by ZTC and 2% owned by HEFS
   
Wonder Genesis Global Ltd. Jinguo Wang is the Company’s director.
   
DMSU Digital Technology Limited(“DMSU”) Significantly influenced by the Company
   
HongKong YIDA Commerce Co., Limited(“YIDA”) Significantly influenced by the Company
   
LIFEFORFUN LIMITED Significantly influenced by the Company
   
Jinguo Wang Management of HDS and Legal person of Xinlin
   
Zhiguo Wang Principal shareholder and CEO of the Company
   
Guifang Qi Principal shareholder and the wife of CEO
   
Cai Wang Employee of the Company
   
Weihong Zhang Employee of the Company
   
Xue Wang Employee of the Company
   
Chunping Wang Employee of the Company
   
Jimin Lu Employee of the Company

 

Transactions with Yew Pharmaceutical

 

On January 9, 2010, the Company entered into a Cooperation and Development Agreement (the “Development Agreement”) with Yew Pharmaceutical. Pursuant to the Development Agreement, for a period of ten years expiring on January 9, 2020, the Company shall supply cultivated yew raw materials to Yew Pharmaceutical that will be used by Yew Pharmaceutical to make traditional Chinese medicines and other pharmaceutical products, at price of RMB 1,000,000 (approximately $146,000) per metric ton. In addition, the Company entered into a series of wood ear mushroom selling agreements with Yew Pharmaceuticals, pursuant to which the Company sells wood ear mushroom collected from local peasants to Yew Pharmaceuticals for manufacturing of wood ear mushroom products. Furthermore, the Company entered into a series of yew candles, yew essential oil soaps, complex taxus cuspidate extract, composite northeast yew extract and pine needle extracts purchase agreements with Yew Pharmaceuticals, pursuant to which the Company purchases yew candles and pine needle extracts as finished goods and then sells to third party and related party. The Company has not renewed the Development Agreement with Yew Pharmaceutical yet and each single transactions governs by individual agreement after negotiation.

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, total revenues from Yew Pharmaceutical amounted to $6,362,369 and $5,076,245, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, total revenues from Yew Pharmaceutical under the above agreement amounted to $9,937,224 and $7,083,638, respectively. At June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had $8,026,610 and $2,982,114 accounts receivable from Yew Pharmaceutical, respectively.

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, total purchase of yew candles and mixed essential oil from Yew Pharmaceutical amounted to $9,470,465 and $3,490,294, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, the total purchase of yew candles and mixed essential oil from Yew Pharmaceutical amounted to approximately $15,138,444 and $3,490,294, respectively.

 

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Transactions with HBP

 

As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, HYF had due to HBP in the amount of $97,250 and $96,282, respectively, which was included in due to related parties in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

 

Transactions with Lifeforfun Limited

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, total revenues from Lifeforfun Limited amounted to $1,692,000 and $1,728,000, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, total revenues from Lifeforfun Limited amounted to $6,854,400 and $1,728,000. At June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had $9,100,820 and $6,036,080 accounts receivable, respectively.

 

Transactions with Chunping Wang

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, HDS purchased yew forest assets from Chunping Wang in the amount of $944,607 and $453,518, respectively. At June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, payable to Chunping Wang for purchase of yew forest assets amounted to $52,570 and $nil, respectively, included in payable for acquisition of yew forests in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

 

Transactions with Weihong Zhang

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, HDS purchased yew forest assets from Weihong Zhang in the amount of $24,736 and $28,434, respectively. At June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, payable to Weihong Zhang for purchase of yew forest assets amounted to $24,739 and $nil, respectively, included in payable for acquisition of yew forests in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

 

Transactions with Xue Wang

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, HDS purchased yew forest assets from Xue Wang in the amount of $1,068,287 and $351,157, respectively. At June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, payable to Xue Wang for purchase of yew forest assets amounted to $432,927 and $nil, respectively, included in payable for acquisition of yew forests in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

 

Transactions with Cai Wang

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, HDS purchased yew forest assets from Cai Wang in the amount of $401,960 and $383,855, respectively. At June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, payable to Cai Wang for purchase of yew forest assets amounted to $247,387 and $nil, respectively, included in payable for acquisition of yew forests in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

 

Transactions with Jimin Lu

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, HDS purchased yew forest assets from Jimin Lu in the amount of $541,100 and $nil, respectively.

 

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Operating Leases

 

On March 25, 2005, the Company entered into an Agreement for the Lease of Seedling Land with ZTC (the “ZTC Lease and leased 361 mu of land for a period of 30 years, expiring on March 24, 2035. Annual payments under the ZTC Lease are RMB 162,450 (approximately $24,000).

 

On January 1, 2010, the Company entered into a lease for office space with Mr. Wang (the “Office Lease”) with the annual payments of RMB15,000 (approximately $2,000). The term of the Office Lease is 15 years and expires on December 31, 2025.

 

On July 1, 2012, the Company entered into a lease for office space with Zhiguo Wang (the “JSJ Lease”) with the annual rent is RMB10,000 (approximately $1,500) annually. The renewed term of the JSJ Lease expires on June 30, 2021.

 

On January 1, 2015, HYF entered into a lease agreement with HBP to lease a warehouse and a workshop in exchange for no consideration for the period from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2020.

 

The Company leased office space from HDS Development in the A’cheng district in Harbin (the “A’cheng Lease”) on March 20, 2002 with a term of 23 years and expires on March 19, 2025. The annum lease amount is RMB25,000 which is due before December 2025 for the lease period from March 2017 to March 2025.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, rent expense related to the lease agreements listed above were $16,423 and $15,102, respectively. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the unpaid rent were $16,425 and $nil, respectively, which was included in (due to related parties) prepaid expenses-related parties in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

 

Due to Related Parties

 

The following summarized the Company’s due to related parties as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020:

 SCHEDULE OF RELATED PARTIES

  June 30, 2021  December 31, 2020 
Zhiguo Wang and Guifang Qi  635,523   555,078 
HBP  97,250   96,282 
Others  14,491   - 
Total $747,264  $651,360 

 

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NOTE 10 – SEGMENT INFORMATION

 

The Company managed and reviewed its business as 2 operating segments: PRC segment and USA segment. PRC and USA segments retain all of the reported consolidated amounts. The geographical distributions of the Company’s financial information for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 were as follows:

 SCHEDULE OF GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTIONS OF COMPANY FINANCIAL INFORMATION

  For the Three Months Ended
June 30,
  For the Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
Geographic Areas 2021  2020  2021  2020 
Revenue                
PRC  14,830,938   9,562,103  $23,567,707  $11,569,496 
USA  24,384  54   24,929   76,863 
Elimination Adjustment  (11,753)  -   (11,753)  (55,020)
Total Revenue $14,843,569  $9,562,157  $23,580,883   11,591,339 
Net income (loss)                
PRC $(317,517) $1,175,153  $2,721,047  $1,536,836 
USA  (230,080)  (437,586)  (356,678)  (647,857)
Total net income (loss) $(547,597) $737,567  $2,364,369  $888,979

 

The geographical distribution of the Company’s financial information as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 were as follows:

 

  As of June 30,  As of December 31, 
Geographic Areas 2021  2020 
       
Reportable assets        
PRC $66,543,239  $61,362,889 
USA  1,094,743   1,278,250 
Elimination adjustment  (4,383,878)  (4,194,477)
Total reportable assets $63,254,104  $58,446,662 

 

NOTE 11 - COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

Operating Lease

 

See future minimum lease payments in Note 7.

 

NOTE 12 - SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

The Company has evaluated all subsequent events through the date these consolidated financial statements were issued and determine that there were no subsequent events or transactions that require recognition or disclosures in the consolidated financial statements.

 

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion of our consolidated results of operations and cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, and consolidated financial conditions as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 should be read in conjunction with our unaudited consolidated financial statements and the related notes included elsewhere in this document.

 

Overview

 

We are a major grower and seller of yew trees and manufacturer of products made from yew trees, we also sell branches and leaves of yew trees for the manufacture of TCM containing taxol, which TCM has been approved in the PRC for use as a secondary treatment of certain cancers, meaning it must be administered in combination with other pharmaceutical drugs. The yew industry is highly regulated in the PRC because the Northeast yew tree is considered an endangered species. In the third quarter of 2016, we started to sell handmade yew essence oil soaps and candles.

 

We operated in two reportable business segments. The business of HDS, JSJ, HYF and YBT in PRC was managed and reviewed as PRC segment. The business of YBP, Yew Bio-Pharm (HK), and MC was managed and reviewed as USA segment.

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, revenues from the PRC segment accounted for approximately 99.91% and 99.999%, respectively, of consolidated revenue; revenues from USA segment accounted for approximately 0.09% and 0.001% of consolidated revenue.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, revenues from the PRC segment accounted for approximately 99.94% and 99.81%, respectively, of consolidated revenue; revenues from USA segment accounted for approximately 0.06% and 0.19% of consolidated revenue.

 

YBP’s revenues were mostly generated by HDS and in the PRC. The expenses incurred in the U.S. were primarily related to fulfilling the reporting requirements of public listed company, stock-based compensation, office daily operations and other costs. As of June 30, 2021, YBP had $5,414 in cash and held the 100% equity interests in its subsidiaries Yew HK and JSJ. Yew HK itself has no business operations or assets other than holding of equity interests in JSJ. JSJ has no business operations and assets with a book value of approximately $9,115, including approximately $9,115 in cash on June 30, 2021. JSJ also holds the VIE interests in HDS through the contractual arrangements (the “Contractual Arrangements”) described in Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements. On November 4, 2014, HDS established a new subsidiary, Harbin Yew Food Co. LTD. (“HYF”), to develop and cultivate wood ear mushroom drink. As of June 30, 2021, HYF had started pilot production with a limited amount of sales. On December 24, 2020, HDS acquired 80% ownership of a new subsidiary, Yew (Guangzhou) Bio-Technology Co., Ltd (“YBT”), to marketing and sell cosmetics. As of June 30, 2021, YBT had not started sales. In the event that we are unable to enforce the Contractual Agreements, we may not be able to exert effective control over HDS, HYF and YBT, and our ability to conduct our business may be materially and adversely affected. If the applicable PRC authorities invalidate our Contractual Agreements for any violation of PRC laws, rules and regulations, we would lose control of the VIE and its subsidiary resulting in its deconsolidation in financial reporting and severe loss in our market valuation. On June 8, 2016, YBP established a new subsidiary, MC Commerce Holding Inc. (MC), to sales the Company’s yew products in American market. MC had limited operation activities for the six months ended June 30, 2021.

 

In December 2019, COVID-19 was reported in China. Since then, COVID-19 has spread globally, to include the United States and several European countries. Many countries around the world have imposed quarantines and restrictions on travel and mass gatherings to slow the spread of the virus and have closed non-essential businesses. The pandemics could result in increased travel restrictions, market downturns and changes in the behavior of the terminal customers of our products related to pandemic fears. In addition, our certain customers could decrease the demand on our products due to the outbreak of the COVID-19. To date, our business is impact by the outbreak of the coronavirus (COVID-19) in China. The extent to which the coronavirus impacts our results will depend on future developments and reactions in China, which are highly uncertain and will include emerging information concerning the severity of the coronavirus and the actions taken by governments to attempt to contain the coronavirus. Any decreased collectability of accounts receivable, or reduction of purchase orders could further negatively impact our results of operations.

 

Critical accounting policies and estimates

 

Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. We continually evaluate our estimates, including those related to bad debts, allowance for obsolete inventory, and the classification of short and long-term inventory, the useful life of property and equipment and land use rights and yew forest assets, recovery of long-lived assets, write-down in value of inventory, and the valuation of equity transactions. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Any future changes to these estimates and assumptions could cause a material change to our reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. We believe the following critical accounting policies affect our significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of the financial statements.

 

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Variable interest entities

 

Pursuant to ASC 810 and related subtopics related to the consolidation of variable interest entities, we are required to include in our consolidated financial statements the financial statements of VIEs. The accounting standards require a VIE to be consolidated by a company if that company is subject to the risk of loss for the VIE or is entitled to receive the VIE’s residual returns. VIEs are those entities in which we, through contractual arrangements, bear the risk of, and enjoy the rewards normally associated with ownership of the entity, and therefore we are the primary beneficiary of the entity. HDS is considered a VIE, and we are the primary beneficiary. We entered into agreements with HDS pursuant to which we shall receive 100% of HDS’s net income. In accordance with these agreements, HDS shall pay consulting fees equal to 100% of its net income to our wholly-owned subsidiary, JSJ. JSJ shall supply the technology and administrative services needed to service the HDS.

 

The accounts of HDS are consolidated in the accompanying financial statements. As a VIE, HDS’ sales are included in our total sales, its income from operations is consolidated with ours, and our net income includes all of HDS’ net income, and their assets and liabilities are included in our consolidated balance sheets. The VIEs do not have any non-controlling interest and, accordingly, we did not subtract any net income in calculating the net income attributable to us. Because of the contractual arrangements, we have pecuniary interest in HDS that requires consolidation of HDS’ financial statements with our financial statements.

 

As required by ASC 810-10, we perform a qualitative assessment to determine whether we are the primary beneficiary of HDS which is identified as a VIE of us. A quality assessment begins with an understanding of the nature of the risks in the entity as well as the nature of the entity’s activities including terms of the contracts entered into by the entity, ownership interests issued by the entity and the parties involved in the design of the entity. The significant terms of the agreements between us and HDS are discussed above in the “Corporate Structure and Recapitalization - Second Restructure” section. Our assessment on the involvement with HDS reveals that we have the absolute power to direct the most significant activities that impact the economic performance of HDS. JSJ, our wholly own subsidiary, is obligated to absorb the risk of loss from HDS activities and is entitled to receive HDS’s expected residual returns. In addition, HDS’ shareholders have pledged their equity interest in HDS to JSJ, irrevocably granted JSJ an exclusive option to purchase, to the extent permitted under PRC Law, all or part of the equity interests in HDS and agreed to entrust all the rights to exercise their voting power to the person(s) appointed by JSJ. Under the accounting guidance, we are deemed to be the primary beneficiary of HDS and the results of HDS’ operation are consolidated in our consolidated financial statements for financial reporting purposes.

 

Accordingly, as a VIE, HDS’ sales are included in our total sales, its income from operations is consolidated with our income from operations and our net income includes all of HDS’ net income. All the equity (net assets) and profits (losses) of HDS are attributed to us. Therefore, no non-controlling interest in HDS is presented in our consolidated financial statements. As we do not have any non-controlling interest and, accordingly, did not subtract any net income in calculating the net income attributable to us. Because of the Contractual Arrangements, YBP has a pecuniary interest in HDS that requires consolidation of HDS’ financial statements with those of ours.

 

Additionally, pursuant to ASC 805, as YBP and HDS are under the common control of the HDS Shareholders, the Second Restructure was accounted for in a manner similar to a pooling of interests. As a result, our historical amounts in the accompanying consolidated financial statements give retrospective effect to the Second Restructure, whereby our assets and liabilities are reflected at the historical carrying values and their operations are presented as if they were consolidated for all periods presented, with our results of operations being consolidated from the date of the Second Transfer Agreement. The accounts of HDS are consolidated in the accompanying financial statements.

 

Accounts receivable

 

Accounts receivable are presented net of an allowance for doubtful accounts. We maintain allowances for doubtful accounts for estimated losses. We review the accounts receivable balance on a periodic basis and make general and specific allowances when there is doubt as to the collectability of individual balances. In evaluating the collectability of individual receivable balances, we consider many factors, including the age of the balance, a customer’s historical payment history, its current credit-worthiness and current economic trends. Accounts are written off after exhaustive efforts at collection. We recognize the probability of the collection for each customer.

 

Inventories

 

Inventories consisted of raw materials, work-in-progress, finished goods-handicrafts, yew seedlings, yew candles and other trees (consisting of larix, spruce and poplar trees). We classify our inventories based on our historical and anticipated levels of sales; any inventory in excess of its normal operating cycle of one year is classified as long-term on our consolidated balance sheets. Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market value utilizing the weighted average method. Raw materials primarily include yew timber used in the production of products such as handicrafts, furniture and other products containing yew timber. Finished goods-handicraft and yew seedlings include direct materials and direct labor.

 

We estimate the amount of the excess inventories by comparing inventory on hand with the estimated sales that can be sold within our normal operating cycle of one year. Any inventory in excess of our current requirements based on historical and anticipated levels of sales is classified as long-term on our consolidated balance sheets. Our classification of long-term inventory requires us to estimate the portion of inventory that can be realized over the next 12 months.

 

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To estimate the amount of slow-moving or obsolete inventories, we analyze movement of our products, monitor competing products and technologies and evaluate acceptance of our products. Periodically, we identify inventories that cannot be sold at all or can only be sold at deeply discounted prices. An allowance will be established if management determines that certain inventories may not be saleable. If inventory costs exceed expected market value due to obsolescence or quantities in excess of expected demand, we will record reserves for the difference between the carrying cost and the estimated market value.

 

Our handicraft and yew furniture products are hand-made by traditional Chinese artisans.

 

In accordance with ASC 905, “Agriculture”, our costs of growing yew seedlings are accumulated until the time of harvest and are reported at the lower of cost or market.

 

Property and equipment

 

Property and equipment are carried at cost and are depreciated on a straight-line basis (after taking into account their respective estimated residual value) over the estimated useful lives of the assets. The cost of repairs and maintenance is expensed as incurred; major replacements and improvements are capitalized. When assets are retired or disposed of, the cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts, and any resulting gains or losses are included in income in the year of disposition. We examine the possibility of decreases in the value of fixed assets when events or changes in circumstances reflect the fact that their recorded value may not be recoverable. The estimated useful lives are as follows:

 

Building 10 - 20 years 
Machinery and equipment 3 - 10 years 
Office equipment 2 - 5 years 
Motor vehicles 4 - 10 years 

 

Land use rights and yew forest assets

 

All land in the PRC is owned by the PRC government and cannot be sold to any individual or company. We have recorded the amounts paid to the PRC government to acquire long-term interests to utilize land and yew forests as land use rights and yew forest assets. This type of arrangement is common for the use of land in the PRC. Yew trees on land containing yew tree forests are used to supply raw materials such as branches, leaves and fruit to us that will be used to manufacture our products. We amortize these land and yew forest use rights over the term of the respective land and yew forest use right, which ranges from 15 to 50 years. The lease agreements do not have any renewal option and we have no further obligations to the lessor. We record the amortization of these land and forest use rights as part of our cost of revenues.

 

Revenue recognition

 

We generate our revenue from sales of yew seedling products, sales of yew raw materials for medical application, sales of yew handicraft products, sales of “Others” including yew candles, yew essential oil soap, pine needle extract, complex taxus cuspidate extract, and composite northeast yew extract. Pursuant to the guidance of ASC 606, we recognize revenue when obligations under the terms of a contract with customer are satisfied; generally this occurs with the transfer of control of the products sold. Transfer of control to the customer is based on the standardized shipping terms in the contract as this determines when we has the right to payment, the customer has legal title to the asset and the customer has the risks of ownership.

 

Income taxes

 

We are governed by the Income Tax Law of the PRC, Hong Kong and the United States. We account for income tax using the liability method prescribed by ASC 740, “Income Taxes”. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the difference between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates that will be in effect in the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. We record a valuation allowance to offset deferred tax assets if based on the weight of available evidence; it is more-likely-than-not that some portion, or all, of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The effect on deferred taxes of a change in tax rates is recognized as income or loss in the period that includes the enactment date.

 

We apply the provisions of ASC 740-10-50, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes”, which provides clarification related to the process associated with accounting for uncertain tax positions recognized in our financial statements. Audit periods remain open for review until the statute of limitations has passed. The completion of review or the expiration of the statute of limitations for a given audit period could result in an adjustment to our liability for income taxes. Any such adjustment could be material to our results of operations for any given quarterly or annual period based, in part, upon the results of operations for the given period. Currently, we have no uncertain tax positions, and will continue to evaluate for uncertain positions in the future.

 

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Stock-based compensation

 

Stock based compensation is accounted for based on the requirements of the Share-Based Payment topic of ASC 718 which requires recognition in the financial statements of the cost of employee and director services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments over the period the employee or director is required to perform the services in exchange for the award. The Accounting Standards Codification also requires measurement of the cost of employee and director services received in exchange for an award based on the grant-date fair value of the award.

 

The Company accounts for share-based compensation awards to nonemployees in accordance with FASB ASC 718 and FASB ASC 505-50. Under FASB ASC 718 and FASB ASC 505-50, stock compensation granted to non-employees has been determined as the fair value of the consideration received or the fair value of equity instrument issued, whichever is more reliably measured and is recognized as an expense as the goods or services are received.

 

Recent accounting pronouncements

 

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued new leasing guidance (“Topic 842”) that replaced the existing lease guidance (“Topic 840”). Topic 842 established a right-of-use (“ROU”) model that requires a lessee to record a ROU asset and lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months. Leases are classified as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the statement of operations. This guidance also expanded the requirements for lessees to record leases embedded in other arrangements and the required quantitative and qualitative disclosures surrounding leases.

 

The Company adopted Topic 842 on its effective date of January 1, 2019 using a modified retrospective transition approach; as such, Topic 842 will not be applied to periods prior to adoption and the adoption had no impact on the Company’s previously reported results. The Company elected the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance within Topic 842, which allowed the Company to carry forward its identification of contracts that are or contain leases, its historical lease classification and its accounting for initial direct costs for existing leases. The impact of adopting Topic 842 was not material to the Company’s result of operations or cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2021. The Company recognized operating lease liabilities of $350,000 upon adoption, with corresponding ROU assets on its balance sheet.

 

Currency exchange rates

 

Our functional currency is the U.S. dollar, and the functional currency of our operating subsidiaries and VIE is the RMB. All of our sales are denominated in RMB. As a result, changes in the relative values of U.S. dollars and RMB affect our reported levels of revenues and profitability as the results of our operations are translated into U.S. dollars for reporting purposes. In particular, fluctuations in currency exchange rates could have a significant impact on our financial stability due to a mismatch among various foreign currency-denominated sales and costs. Fluctuations in exchange rates between the U.S. dollar and RMB affect our gross and net profit margins and could result in foreign exchange and operating losses.

 

Our exposure to foreign exchange risk primarily relates to currency gains or losses resulting from timing differences between signing of sales contracts and settling of these contracts. Furthermore, we translate monetary assets and liabilities denominated in other currencies into RMB, the functional currency of our operating subsidiaries. Our results of operations and cash flow are translated at average exchange rates during the period, and assets and liabilities are translated at the unified exchange rate at the end of the period. Translation adjustments resulting from this process are included in accumulated other comprehensive income in our statement of shareholders’ equity. We have not used any forward contracts, currency options or borrowings to hedge our exposure to foreign currency exchange risk. We cannot predict the impact of future exchange rate fluctuations on our results of operations and may incur net foreign currency losses in the future.

 

Our financial statements are expressed in U.S. dollars, which is the functional currency of our parent company. The functional currency of our operating subsidiaries and affiliates is RMB. To the extent we hold assets denominated in U.S. dollars, any appreciation of the RMB against the U.S. dollar could result in a charge in our statement of operations and a reduction in the value of our U.S. dollar denominated assets. On the other hand, a decline in the value of RMB against the U.S. dollar could reduce the U.S. dollar equivalent amounts of our financial results.

 

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Results of Operations

 

The following tables set forth key components of our results of operations for the periods indicated, in dollars. The discussion following the table is based on these results:

 

  

Three Months Ended

June 30,

  

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
  2021  2020  2021  2020 
Revenues - third parties $6,804,717  $159,709  $6,805,262  $181,498 
Revenues - related parties  8,038,852   9,402,448   16,775,621   11,409,841 
Total revenues  14,843,569   9,562,157   23,580,883   11,591,339 
Cost of revenues - third parties  6,932,631   341,204   6,945,631   382,570 
Cost of revenues - related parties  8,138,966   7,935,570   15,906,307   9,481,131 
Total cost of revenues  15,071,597   8,276,774   22,851,938   9,863,701 
Gross profit  (228,028)  1,285,383   728,945   1,727,638 
Operating expenses  202,613   428,883   (1,807,121)  713,750 
Income from operations  (430,641)  856,500   2,536,066   1,013,888 
Other expenses, net  (115,097)  (118,933)  (169,838)  (124,909)
Income taxes  (1,859)  -   (1,859)  - 
Net income  (547,597)  737,567   2,364,369   888,979 
Other comprehensive income (loss):                
Foreign currency translation adjustment  723,236   102,289   471,124   (713,755)
Comprehensive income (loss) $175,639  $839,856  $2,835,493  $175,224 

 

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Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 Compared to Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2020

 

Revenues

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2021, we had total revenues of $14,843,569, as compared to $9,562,157 for the three months ended June 30, 2020, an increase of $5,281,412 or 55.23%. The increase in total revenue was attributable to the increase in revenues of extracts and TCM raw materials.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2021, we had total revenues of $23,580,883, as compared to $11,591,339, for the six months ended June 30, 2020, an increase of $11,989,544 or 103.44%. The increase in total revenue was attributable to the increase in revenues of extracts and TCM raw materials.

 

Total revenue is summarized as follows:

 

  

Three Months Ended

June 30,

  Increase  Percentage 
  2021  2020  (Decrease)  Change 
TCM raw materials $6,361,705  $5,076,245  $1,285,460   25.32%
Handicrafts  -   -   -   -%
Extracts  8,417,209   4,326,203   4,091,006   94.56 
Others  64,655   159,709   (95,054)  (59.52)%
Total $14,843,569  $9,562,157  $5,281,412   55.23%

 

  

Six Months Ended

June 30,

  Increase  Percentage 
  2021  2020  (Decrease)  Change 
TCM raw materials $9,937,224  $7,083,638  $2,853,586   40.28%
Handicrafts  -   -   -   -%
Extracts  13,578,459   4,326,203   9,252,256   213.87 
Others  65,200   181,498   (116,298)  (64.08)%
Total $23,580,883  $11,591,339  $11,989,544   103.44%

 

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to June 30, 2020, the increase in extracts was mainly attributable to the increase in demand of pine needle extract, complex taxus cuspidate extract, and composite northeast yew extract. The increase in revenue of TCM raw material was mainly attributable to the increase in demand from our related party, Yew Pharmaceutical.

 

Cost of Revenues

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2021, cost of revenues amounted to $15,071,597 as compared to $8,276,774 for the three months ended June 30, 2020, an increase of $6,794,823 or 82.10%. For the three months ended June 30, 2021, cost of revenues accounted for 101.54% of total revenues compared to 86.56% of total revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2020.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2021, cost of revenues amounted to $22,851,938 as compared to $9,863,701 for the six months ended June 30, 2020, an increase of $12,988,237 or 131.68%. For the six months ended June 30, 2021, cost of revenues accounted for 96.91% of total revenues compared to 85.10% of total revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2020.

 

26

 

 

Cost of revenues by product categories is as follows:

 

  

Three Months Ended

June 30,

  Increase  Percentage 
  2021  2020  (Decrease)  Change 
TCM raw materials $6,457,758  $3,873,423  $2,584,335   66.72%
Handicrafts  -   -   -   -%
Extracts  8,380,945   3,849,876   4,531,069   117.69 
Others  232,894   553,475   (320,581)  (57.92)%
Total $15,071,597  $8,276,774  $6,794,823   82.10%

 

  

Six Months Ended

June 30,

  Increase  Percentage 
  2021  2020  (Decrease)  Change 
TCM raw materials $9,207,880  $5,569,307  $3,638,573   65.33%
Handicrafts  -   -   -   -%
Extracts  13,398,164   3,849,876   9,548,288   248.02 
Others  245,894   444,518   (198,624)  (44.68)%
Total $22,851,938  $9,863,701  $12,988,237   131.68%

 

The increase in our cost of revenues for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the three months and six months ended June 30, 2020 was in line with the increase in revenue.

 

Gross Profit

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2021, gross profit was $(228,028) as compared to $1,285,383 for the three months ended June 30, 2020, representing gross profit margins of (1.54)% and 13.44%, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2021, gross profit was $728,945 as compared to $1,727,638 for the six months ended June 30, 2020, representing gross profit margins of 3.09% and 14.90%, respectively. Gross profit margins by categories are as follows:

 

  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
  2021  2020  (Decrease)
Increase
  2021  2020  (Decrease)
Increase
 
TCM raw materials  (1.51)%  23.70%  (25.21)%  7.34%  21.38%  (14.04)%
Handicrafts  -%  -%  -%  -%  -%  -%
Extracts  0.43%  11.01%  (10.58)%  1.33%  11.01%  (9.68)%
Others  (260.21)%  (246.55)%  (13.66)%  (277.14)%  (114.92)%  (132.22)%
Total  (1.54)%  13.44%  (14.98)%  3.09%  14.90%  (11.81)%

 

The decrease in our overall gross profit margin for the three and six month ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 were primarily attributable to the lower gross margin yields of TCM raw materials and extracts.

 

27

 

 

Operating Expenses

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2021, operating expenses amounted to $202,613, as compared to $428,883 for the three months ended June 30, 2020, a decrease of $226,270 or 52.76%. The decrease was mainly due to no bad debt expense occurred during the three months ended June 30, 2021, compares with $193,466 bad debt expense occurred during the three months ended June 30, 2020.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2021, operating expenses amounted to $(1,807,121) as compared to $713,750 for the six months ended June 30, 2020, a decrease of $2,520,871 or 353.19%. The decrease was mainly due to the bad debt recovery occurred during the six months ended June 30, 2021, compares with $196,806 bad debt expense occurred during the six months ended June 30, 2020.

 

Income from Operations

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2021, income from operations was $(430,641), as compared to income from operations of $856,500 for the three months ended June 30, 2020, a decrease of $1,287,141, or 150.28%. The decrease was primarily attributable to the decrease in gross profit from TCM raw materials and extracts after offset by the decrease of bad debt expenses.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2021, income from operations was $2,536,066, as compared to income from operations of $1,013,888 for the six months ended June 30, 2020, an increase of $1,522,178, or 150.13%. The increase was primarily attributable to $2.2 million recovery of bad debt expenses after offset by the decrease in gross profit from TCM raw materials and extracts.

 

Other Expenses

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2021, total other expense was $115,097 as compared to total other expense of $118,933 for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease was primarily attributable to the increase of other income, partially offset by the increase of exchange loss.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2021, total other expense was $169,838 as compared to total other expense of $124,909 for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease was primarily attributable to the increase of other income, partially offset by the increase of exchange loss.

 

Net Income

 

As a result of the factors described above, our net loss was $(547,597) or $(0.01) (basic and diluted), for the three months ended June 30, 2021, as compared to net income of $737,567 or $0.01 (basic and diluted), for the three months ended June 30, 2020. As a result of the factors described above, our net income was $2,364,369 or $0.05 (basic and diluted), for the six months ended June 30, 2021, as compared to net income of $888,979 or $0.02 (basic and diluted), for the six months ended June 30, 2020.

 

Foreign Currency Translation Adjustment

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2021, we reported an unrealized gain on foreign currency translation of $723,236, as compared to an unrealized gain of $102,289 for the three months ended June 30, 2020. For the six months ended June 30, 2021, we reported an unrealized gain on foreign currency translation of $471,124, as compared to an unrealized loss of $713,755 for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The change reflects the effect of the value of the U.S. dollar in relation to the RMB. As described elsewhere herein, the functional currency of our subsidiary, JSJ, and our VIE, HDS, is the RMB. The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been translated and presented in U.S. dollars using period end rates of exchange for assets and liabilities, and average rates of exchange for the period for net revenues, costs, and expenses. Net gains resulting from foreign exchange transactions, if any, are included in the consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income.

 

Comprehensive Income

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2021, comprehensive income of $175,639 was derived from the sum of our net income of $(547,597) with foreign currency translation gain of $723,236. For the three months ended June 30, 2021, comprehensive income of $839,856 was derived from the sum of our net income of $737,567 with foreign currency translation gain of $102,289.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2021, comprehensive income of $2,835,493 was derived from the sum of our net income of $2,364,369 with foreign currency translation gain of $471,124. For the six months ended June 30, 2020, comprehensive income of $175,224 was derived from the sum of our net income of $888,979 with foreign currency translation loss of $713,755.

 

Segment Information

 

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, we operated in two reportable business segments. The business of HDS, JSJ, HYF and YBT in PRC was managed and reviewed as PRC segment. The business of YBP, Yew Bio-Pharm (HK), and MC was managed and reviewed as USA segment.

 

28

 

 

Information with respect to these reportable business segments for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 was as follows:

 

  

For the three months

June 30, 2021

  

For the three months

June 30, 2020

 
  

Revenues-

third

parties

  

Revenues -

related

party

  Total  

Revenues-

third

parties

  

Revenues -

related

party

  Total 
Revenues:                        
PRC $6,792,086  $   8,038,852  $14,830,938  $159,655  $  9,402,448  $9,562,103 
                         
USA  12,631   -   12,631   54   -   54 
                         
Total revenues $6,804,717  $8,038,852  $14,843,569  $159,709  $9,402,448  $9,562,157 

 

Information with respect to these reportable business segments for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 was as follows:

 

  

For the six months

June 30, 2021

  

For the six months

June 30, 2020

 
  

Revenues-

third

parties

  

Revenues -

related

party

  Total  

Revenues-

third

parties

  

Revenues -

related

party

  Total 
Revenues:                        
PRC $6,792,086  $16,775,621  $23,567,707  $159,655  $11,409,841  $11,569,496 
                         
USA  13,176   -   13,176   21,843   -   21,843 
                         
Total revenues $6,805,262  $16,775,621  $23,580,883  $181,498  $11,409,841  $11,591,339 

 

During the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, the revenue from PRC segment was $14,830,938 and $9,562,103, respectively, increase of $5,268,835 or 55.10% due to the increase demand on Asia market. The increase in PRC segment was mainly due to the increase in revenue from third parties in the amount of $6,632,431, offset by the decrease in revenue from related parties in the amount of 1,363,596.

 

During the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, the revenue from USA segment was $12,631 and $54, respectively, increase of $12,577 or 23,290.74%. The increase in USA segment was due to the increase in revenue from third parties in the amount of $12,577 attributable to our China customers’ increased oversea demand.

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, the revenue from PRC segment was $23,567,707 and $11,569,496, respectively, increase of $11,998,211 or 103.71% due to the increase demand on Asia market. The increase in PRC segment was mainly due to the increase in revenue from third parties in the amount of $6,632,431, and the increase in revenue from related parties in the amount of 5,365,780.

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, the revenue from USA segment was $13,176 and $21,843, respectively, decrease of $8,667 or 39.68%. The decrease in USA segment was due to the decrease in revenue from third parties in the amount of $8,667 attributable to our China customers’ decreased oversea demand.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Liquidity is the ability of a company to generate funds to support its current and future operations, satisfy its obligations and otherwise operate on an ongoing basis. On June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, we had cash balances of $166,931 and $563,792, respectively. These funds are primarily located in various financial institutions located in China. Our primary uses of cash have been for the purchase of yew trees, land use rights and yew forest assets. Additionally, we use cash for employee compensation and working capital. Our working capital increased by $7,559,173 to $7,023,447 on June 30, 2021, from working capital of $(535,726) on December 31, 2020.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2021, net cash flow provided by operating activities was $1,036,171, as compared to net cash flow provided by operating activities of $7,037,722 for the six months ended June 30, 2020, a decrease of $6,001,551. Because the exchange rate conversion is different for the balance sheet and the statements of cash flows, the changes in assets and liabilities reflected on the statements of cash flows are not necessarily identical with the comparable changes reflected on the balance sheets.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2021, net cash flow provided by operating activities of $1,036,171 was primarily attributable to:

 

 net income of approximately $2,364,000 adjusted for the add-back of non-cash items, such as bad debt recovery of approximately $2,300,000, amortization of land use rights and yew forest assets of approximately $1,400,000, and sale of yew forest assets as inventory of approximately 7,800,000; and
 changes in operating assets and liabilities, such as an increase in accounts receivable of approximately $2,500,000, and an increase in accounts receivable-related parties of approximately $5,700,000.

 

29

 

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2020, net cash flow provided by operating activities of $7,037,722 was primarily attributable to:

 

 net income of approximately $890,000 adjusted for the add-back of non-cash items, such as inventory additional reserves of approximately $370,000, sale of yew forest assets as inventory of approximately 4,300,000, amortization of land use rights and yew forest assets of approximately $1,300,000 and bad debt expense of approximately $200,000; and
 Changes in operating assets and liabilities, such as a decrease in accounts receivable of approximately $3,400,000, an increase in accounts receivable-related parties of approximately $4,400,000, and a decrease in inventories of approximately $830,000.

 

Net cash flow used in investing activities was $1,714,509 for the six months ended June 30, 2021. During the six months ended June 30, 2021, our prepayment in purchase of yew forest assets decreased by approximately $340,000. We also have purchased approximately $1,300,000 yew forest assets. Net cash flow used in investing activities was approximately $6,000,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2020. During the six months ended June 30, 2020, we have made payment in approximately $5,00,000 for purchase of yew forest assets, and made prepayment in approximately $600,000 for purchase of yew forest assets.

 

Net cash flow provided by financing activities was approximately $340,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2021 due to proceeds of approximately $5,700,000 from short-term borrowings and partially offset by repayment of short-term borrowings of approximately $5,400,000. Net cash flow provided by financing activities was approximately $71,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and consisted of proceeds of $5,300,000 from banks, and offset by repayments of approximately $5,200,000.

 

We have historically financed our operations and capital expenditures through cash flows from operations, bank loans and advances from related parties. From March 2008 to September 2009, we received approximately $2.9 million of proceeds in the aggregate from offerings and sales of our common stock. Except for the portion used to pay for professional and other expenses in the U.S., substantial portions of the proceeds we received through sales of our common stock were retained in the PRC and used to fund our working capital requirements. As the PRC government imposes controls on PRC companies’ ability to convert RMB into foreign currencies and the remittance of currency out of China, from time to time, in order to fund our corporate activities in the U.S., Zhiguo Wang, our President and CEO, advanced funds to us in the U.S. and we repaid the amounts owed to him in RMB in the PRC.

 

The majority of our funds are maintained in RMB in bank accounts in China. We receive most of our revenue in the PRC. Under existing PRC foreign exchange regulations, payments of current account items, including profit distributions, interest payments and expenditures from trade related transactions, can be made in foreign currencies by complying with certain procedural requirements. However, approval from China’s State Administration of Foreign Exchange (“SAFE”) or its local counterparts is required where RMB is to be converted into foreign currency and remitted out of China to pay capital expenses such as the repayment of loans denominated in foreign currencies. The PRC government may also, at its discretion, restrict access to foreign currencies for current account transactions. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, approximately $53.5 million and $50.3 million, respectively, of our net assets are located in the PRC. If the foreign exchange control system in the PRC prevents us from obtaining sufficient foreign currency to satisfy our currency demands, we may not be able to transfer funds deposited within the PRC to fund working capital requirements in the U.S. or pay any dividends in currencies other than the RMB, to our shareholders..

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We have not entered into any financial guarantees or other commitments to guarantee the payment obligations of any third parties. We have not entered into any derivative contracts that are indexed to our shares and classified as shareholder’s equity or that are not reflected in our consolidated financial statements. Furthermore, we do not have any retained or contingent interest in assets transferred to an unconsolidated entity that serves as credit, liquidity or market risk support to such entity. We do not have any variable interest in any unconsolidated entity that provides financing, liquidity, market risk or credit support to us or engages in leasing, hedging or research and development services with us.

 

30

 

 

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Foreign Currency Exchange Rates Risk

 

Substantially all of our operating revenues and expenses are denominated in RMB. We operate using RMB and the effects of foreign currency fluctuations are largely mitigated because local expenses in the PRC are also denominated in the same currency. We do not believe that we currently have any significant direct foreign exchange risk and have not hedged exposures denominated in foreign currencies or any other derivative financial instruments. Because we generally receive cash flows denominated in RMB, our exposure to foreign exchange risks should be limited.

 

Our assets and liabilities, of which the functional currency is the RMB, are translated into USD using the exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date, resulting in translation adjustments that are reflected as cumulative translation adjustment in the shareholders’ equity section on our consolidated balance sheets. A portion of our net assets are impacted by changes in foreign currencies translation rates in relation to the U.S. dollar. We recorded a foreign currency translation gain of $471,129 and a loss of $713,755 for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, to reflect the impact of the fluctuation of the RMB against the U.S. dollar.

 

The value of the RMB against the U.S. dollar and other currencies may fluctuate and is affected by, among other things, changes in China’s political and economic conditions. The conversion of the RMB into foreign currencies, including U.S. dollars, has been based on rates set by the People’s Bank of China.

 

To the extent that we decide to convert RMB denominated cash amounts into U.S. dollars for the purpose of making any dividend payments, which we have not declared but may declare in the future, or for other business purposes, appreciation of the U.S. dollar against the RMB would have a negative effect on the U.S. dollar amount available to us. Conversely, if we need to convert U.S. dollars into RMB for operations, appreciation of the RMB against the U.S. dollar would have an adverse effect on the RMB amount it received from the conversion. We have not used, and do not currently expect to use in the future, any forward contracts or currency borrowings to hedge exposure to foreign currency exchange risk.

 

Interest Rate Risk

 

We have not been, nor do we currently anticipate being, exposed to material risks due to changes in interest rates.

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

(a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures.

 

The Company’s management has evaluated, with the participation of the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer have concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of the end of the period covered by this report.

 

(b) Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting.

 

There have not been any changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the Company’s fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2021 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

31

 

 

PART II

OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

None.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

No material change.

 

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

 

None.

 

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

 

None.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION

 

None.

 

ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

 

The following exhibits are attached hereto and filed herewith:

 

31.1*Certification by the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and Rules 13a-14 and 15d-14 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
  
31.2*Certification by the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and Rules 13a-14 and 15d-14 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
  
32*Certification of Periodic Financial Report by the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
  
101.INSXBRL Instance Document
  
101.SCHXBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
  
101.CALXBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
  
101.DEFXBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
  
101.LABXBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
  
101.PREXBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

*Filed herewith.

 

32

 

 

SIGNATURE

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

Date: August 16, 2021

YEW BIO-PHARM GROUP, INC.
  
 By:/s/ GUIFANG QI
  Guifang Qi
  Chief Financial Officer

 

EXHIBIT INDEX

 

Exhibit

Number

 Description of Exhibit
31.1* Certification by the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and Rules 13a-14 and 15d-14 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
  
31.2* Certification by the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and Rules 13a-14 and 15d-14 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
  
32* Certification of Periodic Financial Report by the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
   
101.INS XBRL Instance Document
   
101.SCH XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
   
101.CAL XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
   
101.DEF XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
   
101.LAB XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
   
101.PRE XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

*Filed herewith.

 

33