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WFRBS Commercial Mortgage Trust 2012-C9

Filed: 16 Mar 21, 8:00pm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

(Mark One)

x  ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020

or

o  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from _____ to _____

Commission file number of the issuing entity: 333-177891-02

Central Index Key Number of the issuing entity: 0001557805

WFRBS Commercial Mortgage Trust 2012-C9

(exact name of the issuing entity as specified in its charter)

 

Central Index Key Number of the depositor: 0001112998

RBS Commercial Funding Inc.

(exact name of the depositor as specified in its charter)

 

Central Index Key Number of the sponsor: 0000729153

NatWest Markets Plc

(exact name of the sponsor as specified in its charter)

(formerly known as The Royal Bank of Scotland plc)

 

Central Index Key Number of the sponsor: 0000740906

Wells Fargo Bank, National Association

(exact name of the sponsor as specified in its charter)

 

Central Index Key Number of the sponsor: 0001555501

Liberty Island Group I LLC

(exact name of the sponsor as specified in its charter)

 

Central Index Key Number of the sponsor: 0001541214

C-III Commercial Mortgage LLC

(exact name of the sponsor as specified in its charter)

 

Central Index Key Number of the sponsor: 0001542105

Basis Real Estate Capital II, LLC

(exact name of the sponsor as specified in its charter)

 

New York
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization of

the issuing entity)

38-3887015

38-3887016

38-3887017

38-7064515

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Numbers)


c/o Wells Fargo Bank, National Association

as Certificate Administrator

9062 Old Annapolis Road

Columbia, MD

(Address of principal executive offices of the issuing entity)

21045

(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:

(203) 897-2700

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

None

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:  None.

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  o Yes No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  o Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes o No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

Not applicable.

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (Section 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  

Not applicable.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer       o                                        Accelerated filer                                                                         o

Non-accelerated filer           (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)                                         Smaller reporting company                                                         o

                                                                                Emerging growth company                                                         o

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report. o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).  o Yes No

State the aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter.

Not applicable.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Section 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court.  o Yes o No

Not applicable.

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

Not applicable.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

List hereunder the following documents if incorporated by reference and the Part of the Form 10-K (e.g., Part I, Part II, etc.) into which the document is incorporated: (1) Any annual report to security holders; (2) Any proxy or information statement; and (3) Any prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) or (c) under the Securities Act of 1933. The listed documents should be clearly described for identification purposes (e.g., annual report to security holders for fiscal year ended December 24, 1980).

Not applicable.

 

EXPLANATORY NOTES

The master servicer of a pooling and servicing agreement or trust and servicing agreement also functions as the primary servicer of the related mortgage loans serviced and administered pursuant to such agreement unless a separate primary servicer is identified herein.  If this report does not identify a separate primary servicer, the servicer compliance statement provided by the master servicer under any such agreement also encompasses its responsibilities as primary servicer of the related mortgage loan or mortgage loans.

U.S. Bank National Association acts as trustee of the mortgage loans serviced under the Pooling and Servicing Agreement.  Pursuant to the Pooling and Servicing Agreement, the trustee is required to provide an assessment of compliance with applicable servicing criteria solely with respect to Item 1122(d)(2)(iii) of Regulation AB (regarding advances of funds or guarantees regarding collections, cash flows or distributions, and any interest or other fees charged for such advances, are made, reviewed and approved as specified in the transaction agreements). However, during the reporting period, the trustee did not perform any servicing function with respect to the servicing criteria specified in Item 1122(d)(2)(iii) of Regulation AB.  The master servicer or the special servicer, to the extent required, performed the servicing function identified with respect to Item 1122(d)(2)(iii) of Regulation AB, and each such party included Item 1122(d)(2)(iii) of Regulation AB in the assessment of compliance with applicable servicing criteria and accountant’s attestation report for the subject transaction.  As a result, this Annual Report on Form 10-K does not include an assessment of compliance with applicable servicing criteria of the trustee. One or more other servicers of  the mortgage loans serviced under the Pooling and Servicing Agreement have delivered one or more assessments of compliance with respect to Item 1122(d)(2)(iii) of Regulation AB.

This Annual Report on Form 10-K includes assessments of compliance with applicable servicing criteria and accountants’ attestation reports from CoreLogic Commercial Real Estate Services, Inc. and National Tax Search, LLC.  These entities were engaged by the master servicer under the Pooling and Servicing Agreement (except with respect to those mortgage loans for which PGIM Real Estate Loan Services, Inc. (formerly known as Prudential Asset Resources, Inc.) is the primary servicer) and the primary servicer under the Pooling and Servicing Agreement (solely with respect to National Tax Search, LLC) to remit tax payments received from the escrow accounts of borrowers to local taxing authorities, to report tax amounts due, to verify tax parcel information, and to verify non-escrow tax payments. With respect to the reports provided as servicing function participant on behalf of Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, these servicing functions are included within the servicing criteria set forth in Items 1122(d)(4)(xi) and 1122(d)(4)(xii) of Regulation AB.  With respect to the reports provided as servicing function participant on behalf of PGIM Real Estate Loan Services, Inc. (formerly known as Prudential Asset Resources, Inc.), these servicing functions are included within the servicing criteria set forth in Items 1122(d)(2)(ii), 1122(d)(2)(vi), 1122(d)(4)(xi) and 1122(d)(4)(xii) of Regulation AB.  Therefore, under the principles-based definition of “servicer” set forth in Item 1101(j) of Regulation AB that looks to the functions that an entity performs, these vendors are “servicers” for the purposes of Item 1122 of Regulation AB.  See Compliance and Disclosure Interpretations, Section 301.01 (Item 1101(j)).

 

PART I

Item 1.  Business.

Omitted.

Item 1A.  Risk Factors.

Omitted.

Item 1B.  Unresolved Staff Comments.

None.

Item 2.  Properties.

Omitted.

Item 3.  Legal Proceedings.

Omitted.

Item 4.  Mine Safety Disclosures.

Not applicable.

PART II

Item 5.  Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

Omitted.

Item 6.  Selected Financial Data.

Omitted.

Item 7.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

Omitted.

Item 7A.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

Omitted.

Item 8.  Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

Omitted.

Item 9.  Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

Omitted.

Item 9A.  Controls and Procedures.

Omitted.

Item 9B.  Other Information.

None.

PART III

Item 10.  Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.

Omitted.

Item 11.  Executive Compensation.

Omitted.

Item 12.  Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.

Omitted.

Item 13.  Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.

Omitted.

Item 14.  Principal Accounting Fees and Services.

Omitted.

ADDITIONAL DISCLOSURE ITEMS FOR REGULATION AB

Item 1112(b) of Regulation AB, Significant Obligor Financial Information.

 

The Chesterfield Towne Center Mortgage Loan (Mortgage Loan Number 1 on Annex A of the prospectus supplement of the registrant relating to the issuing entity filed on October 30, 2012 pursuant to Rule 424(b)(5)) constitutes a significant obligor within the meaning of Item 1101(k)(2) of Regulation AB as disclosed in the prospectus supplement. In accordance with Item 1112(b) of Regulation AB, the most recent unaudited net operating income of the significant obligor was $11,951,901.64 for the twelve-month period ended December 31, 2020.

Item 1114(b)(2) of Regulation AB, Significant Enhancement Provider Financial Information.

No entity or group of affiliated entities provides any external credit enhancement or other support for the certificates within this transaction as described under Item 1114(a) of Regulation AB.

Item 1115(b) of Regulation AB, Certain Derivatives Instruments (Financial Information).

No entity or group of affiliated entities provides any derivative instruments or other support for the certificates within this transaction as described under Item 1115 of Regulation AB.

Item 1117 of Regulation AB, Legal Proceedings.

The registrant knows of no material pending legal proceeding involving the trust or any party related to the trust, other than routine litigation incidental to the duties of those respective parties, and the following, with respect to Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as certificate administrator and as custodian, and U.S. Bank National Association, as trustee.

Beginning on June 18, 2014, a group of institutional investors filed civil complaints in the Supreme Court of the State of New York, New York County, and later the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, against Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., (“Wells Fargo Bank”) in its capacity as trustee for certain residential mortgage backed securities (“RMBS”) trusts.  The complaints against Wells Fargo Bank alleged that the trustee caused losses to investors and asserted causes of action based upon, among other things, the trustee's alleged failure to: (i) notify and enforce repurchase obligations of mortgage loan sellers for purported breaches of representations and warranties, (ii) notify investors of alleged events of default, and (iii) abide by appropriate standards of care following alleged events of default. Relief sought included money damages in an unspecified amount, reimbursement of expenses, and equitable relief. In November 2018, Wells Fargo Bank reached an agreement, in which it denied any wrongdoing, to resolve such claims on a classwide basis for the 271 RMBS trusts at issue.  On May 6, 2019, the court entered an order approving the settlement agreement.  Separate lawsuits against Wells Fargo Bank making similar allegations filed by certain other institutional investors concerning several RMBS trusts in New York federal and state court are not covered by the settlement agreement.  In addition to the foregoing cases, in August 2014 and August 2015 Nomura Credit & Capital Inc. (“Nomura”) and Natixis Real Estate Holdings, LLC (“Natixis”) filed a total of seven third-party complaints against Wells Fargo Bank in New York state court. In the underlying first-party actions, Nomura and Natixis have been sued for alleged breaches of representations and warranties made in connection with residential mortgage-backed securities sponsored by them. In the third-party actions, Nomura and Natixis allege that Wells Fargo Bank, as master servicer, primary servicer or securities administrator, failed to notify Nomura and Natixis of their own breaches, failed to properly oversee the primary servicers, and failed to adhere to accepted servicing practices. Natixis additionally alleges that Wells Fargo Bank failed to perform default oversight duties. Wells Fargo Bank has asserted counterclaims alleging that Nomura and Natixis failed to provide Wells Fargo Bank notice of their representation and warranty breaches. With respect to each of the foregoing litigations, Wells Fargo Bank believes plaintiffs' claims are without merit and intends to contest the claims vigorously, but there can be no assurances as to the outcome of the litigations or the possible impact of the litigations on Wells Fargo Bank or the related RMBS trusts.

In the last several years, U.S. Bank National Association (“U.S. Bank”) and other large financial institutions have been sued in their capacity as trustee or successor trustee for certain residential mortgage backed securities ("RMBS") trusts.  The complaints, primarily filed by investors or investor groups against U.S. Bank and similar institutions, allege the trustees caused losses to investors as a result of alleged failures by the sponsors, mortgage loan sellers and servicers to comply with the governing agreements for these RMBS trusts.  Plaintiffs generally assert causes of action based upon the trustees’ purported failures to enforce repurchase obligations of mortgage loan sellers for alleged breaches of representations and warranties, notify securityholders of purported events of default allegedly caused by breaches of servicing standards by mortgage loan servicers and abide by a heightened standard of care following alleged events of default.  U.S. Bank denies liability and believes that it has performed its obligations under the RMBS trusts in good faith, that its actions were not the cause of losses to investors, that it has meritorious defenses, and it has contested and intends to continue contesting the plaintiffs’ claims vigorously.  However, U.S. Bank cannot assure you as to the outcome of any of the litigation, or the possible impact of these litigations on the trustee or the RMBS trusts.  On March 9, 2018, a law firm purporting to represent fifteen Delaware statutory trusts (the “DSTs”) that issued securities backed by student loans (the “Student Loans”) filed a lawsuit in the Delaware Court of Chancery against U.S. Bank National Association (“U.S. Bank”) in its capacities as indenture trustee and successor special servicer, and three other institutions in their respective transaction capacities, with respect to the DSTs and the Student Loans.  This lawsuit is captioned The National Collegiate Student Loan Master Trust I, et al. v. U.S. Bank National Association, et al., C.A. No. 2018-0167-JRS (Del. Ch.) (the “NCMSLT Action”).  The complaint, as amended on June 15, 2018, alleged that the DSTs have been harmed as a result of purported misconduct or omissions by the defendants concerning administration of the trusts and special servicing of the Student Loans.  Since the filing of the NCMSLT Action, certain Student Loan borrowers have made assertions against U.S. Bank concerning special servicing that appear to be based on certain allegations made on behalf of the DSTs in the NCMSLT Action. U.S. Bank believes that it has performed its obligations as indenture trustee and special servicer in good faith and in compliance in all material respects with the terms of the agreements governing the DSTs (the “Governing Agreements”), and accordingly that the claims against it in the NCMSLT Action are without merit.   U.S. Bank has filed a motion seeking dismissal of the operative complaint in its entirety with prejudice pursuant to Chancery Court Rules 12(b)(1) and 12(b)(6) or, in the alternative, a stay of the case while other prior filed disputes involving the DSTs and the Student Loans are litigated.  On November 7, 2018, the Court ruled that the case should be stayed in its entirety pending resolution of the first-filed cases.  On January 21, 2020, the Court entered an order consolidating for pretrial purposes the NCMSLT Action and three other lawsuits pending in the Delaware Court of Chancery concerning the DSTs and the Student Loans (the “Consolidated Action”).  U.S. Bank and other parties to the Consolidated Action have briefed and argued motions for judgment on the pleadings pursuant to Chancery Court Rule 12(c) regarding disputed issues of contractual interpretation at issue in one or more of the cases comprising the Consolidated Action, including the NCMSLT Action.  The Court has not yet ruled on these motions or on U.S. Bank’s dismissal motion in the NCMSLT Action. U.S. Bank intends to continue to defend the NCMSLT Action vigorously.

Item 1119 of Regulation AB, Affiliations and Certain Relationships and Related Transactions.

The information regarding this Item has been previously provided in a prospectus supplement of the Registrant relating to the issuing entity filed on October 30, 2012 pursuant to Rule 424(b)(5).

Item 1122 of Regulation AB, Compliance with Applicable Servicing Criteria.

The reports on assessments of compliance with the servicing criteria for asset-backed securities and related attestation reports on such assessments of compliance with respect to the mortgage loans are attached hereto under Item 15 to this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Attached as Schedule III to the Pooling and Servicing Agreement incorporated by reference as Exhibit 4 to this Annual Report on Form 10-K is a chart identifying the entities participating in a servicing function for the transaction responsible for each applicable servicing criteria set forth in Item 1122(d).

Item 1123 of Regulation AB, Servicer Compliance Statement.

The servicer compliance statements are attached as Exhibits to this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

PART IV

Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

(a) The following is a list of documents filed as part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K:

(1) Not applicable

(2) Not applicable

(3) See below

4              Pooling and Servicing Agreement, dated as of October 1, 2012, by and among RBS Commercial Funding Inc., as Depositor, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as Master Servicer, Midland Loan Services, a Division of PNC Bank, National Association, as Special Servicer, TriMont Real Estate Advisors, Inc., as Trust Advisor, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as Certificate Administrator, as Tax Administrator and as Custodian, and U.S. Bank National Association, as Trustee (filed as Exhibit 4.1 to the registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on March 4, 2013 under Commission File No. 333-177891-02 and incorporated by reference herein).

31           Rule 13a-14(d)/15d-14(d) Certifications.

33           Reports on assessment of compliance with servicing criteria for asset-backed securities.

33.1        Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as Master Servicer

33.2        LNR Partners, LLC, as Special Servicer

33.3        U.S. Bank National Association, as Trustee (Omitted. See Explanatory Notes.)

33.4        Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as Certificate Administrator

33.5        Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as Custodian

33.6        Trimont Real Estate Advisors, LLC (f/k/a TriMont Real Estate Advisors, Inc.), as Trust Advisor

33.7        CoreLogic Commercial Real Estate Services, Inc., as Servicing Function Participant

33.8        National Tax Search, LLC, as Servicing Function Participant

33.9        PGIM Real Estate Loan Services, Inc. (formerly known as Prudential Asset Resources, Inc.), as Primary Servicer

33.10      National Tax Search, LLC, as Servicing Function Participant for PGIM Real Estate Loan Services, Inc. (formerly known as Prudential Asset Resources, Inc.)

34           Attestation reports on assessment of compliance with servicing criteria for asset-backed securities.

34.1        Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as Master Servicer

34.2        LNR Partners, LLC, as Special Servicer

34.3        U.S. Bank National Association, as Trustee (Omitted. See Explanatory Notes.)

34.4        Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as Certificate Administrator

34.5        Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as Custodian

34.6        Trimont Real Estate Advisors, LLC (f/k/a TriMont Real Estate Advisors, Inc.), as Trust Advisor

34.7        CoreLogic Commercial Real Estate Services, Inc., as Servicing Function Participant

34.8        National Tax Search, LLC, as Servicing Function Participant

34.9        PGIM Real Estate Loan Services, Inc. (formerly known as Prudential Asset Resources, Inc.), as Primary Servicer

34.10      National Tax Search, LLC, as Servicing Function Participant for PGIM Real Estate Loan Services, Inc. (formerly known as Prudential Asset Resources, Inc.)

35           Servicer compliance statements.

35.1        Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as Master Servicer

35.2        LNR Partners, LLC, as Special Servicer

35.3        Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as Certificate Administrator

35.4        PGIM Real Estate Loan Services, Inc. (formerly known as Prudential Asset Resources, Inc.), as Primary Servicer

99.1         Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement, dated as of October 16, 2012, between RBS Commercial Funding Inc. and The Royal Bank of Scotland plc (filed as Exhibit 99.1 to the registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on March 4, 2013 under Commission File No. 333-177891-02 and incorporated by reference herein)

99.2         Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement, dated as of October 16, 2012, between RBS Commercial Funding Inc. and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association (filed as Exhibit 99.4 to the registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on March 4, 2013 under Commission File No. 333-177891-02 and incorporated by reference herein)

99.3         Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement, dated as of October 16, 2012, among RBS Commercial Funding Inc., Liberty Island Group I LLC and Liberty Island Group LLC (filed as Exhibit 99.2 to the registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on March 4, 2013 under Commission File No. 333-177891-02 and incorporated by reference herein)

99.4         Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement, dated as of October 16, 2012, between RBS Commercial Funding Inc. and C-III Commercial Mortgage LLC (filed as Exhibit 99.5 to the registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on March 4, 2013 under Commission File No. 333-177891-02 and incorporated by reference herein)

99.5         Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement, dated as of October 16, 2012, among RBS Commercial Funding Inc., Basis Real Estate Capital II, LLC and Basis Investment Group LLC (filed as Exhibit 99.3 to the registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on March 4, 2013 under Commission File No. 333-177891-02 and incorporated by reference herein)

(b)   The exhibits required to be filed by the Registrant pursuant to Item 601 of Regulation S-K are listed above.

(c)   Not Applicable.

 

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

RBS Commercial Funding Inc.
(Depositor)

/s/ Simcha Herzog

Simcha Herzog, President

(senior officer in charge of securitization of the depositor)

Date: March 16, 2021