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STFR Steadfast Apartment REIT

Filed: 26 Jul 21, 4:16pm
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
   
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2021
OR
   
 TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _________ to _________
Commission file number 000-55428
STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
Maryland 36-4769184
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
18100 Von Karman Avenue, Suite 200
Irvine, California 92612
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
 (949) 569-9700
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
N/AN/AN/A
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated filer Accelerated filer 
Non-Accelerated filer Smaller reporting company 
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  No 
As of July 19, 2021, there were 110,293,205 shares of the Registrant’s common stock issued and outstanding.



1

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
INDEX
 



















1




STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
(Unaudited)
ASSETS
Assets: 
Real Estate:
Land$343,297,680 $337,322,234 
Building and improvements2,984,948,698 2,882,411,683 
Tenant origination and absorption costs1,682,900 1,752,793 
Total real estate held for investment, cost3,329,929,278 3,221,486,710 
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization(461,735,477)(397,744,677)
Total real estate held for investment, net2,868,193,801 2,823,742,033 
Real estate held for development30,288,753 39,891,218 
Total real estate, net2,898,482,554 2,863,633,251 
   Cash and cash equivalents160,949,592 258,198,326 
   Restricted cash28,399,975 38,998,980 
   Goodwill125,220,448 125,220,448 
   Due from affiliates208,411 377,218 
   Rents and other receivables28,450,658 5,385,108 
   Other assets4,654,627 9,925,714 
Total assets$3,246,366,265 $3,301,739,045 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Liabilities: 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities$85,044,074 $81,598,526 
Notes Payable, net:
Mortgage notes payable, net1,388,596,919 1,384,382,785 
Credit facilities, net745,285,227 744,862,886 
Total notes payable, net2,133,882,146 2,129,245,671 
Distributions payable4,797,443 8,462,735 
   Distributions payable to affiliates265,620 469,236 
Due to affiliates74,090 337,422 
Total liabilities2,224,063,373 2,220,113,590 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 12)00
Redeemable common stock294,858 
Stockholders’ Equity:
   Preferred stock, $0.01 par value per share; 100,000,000 shares authorized, 0 shares issued and
      outstanding
   Common stock, $0.01 par value per share; 999,998,000 shares authorized, 110,228,140 and
      110,070,572 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively
1,102,281 1,100,706 
   Convertible stock, $0.01 par value per share; 1,000 shares authorized, 0 shares issued
      and outstanding as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively
   Class A Convertible stock, $0.01 par value per share; 1,000 shares authorized, 0 shares
      issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively
Additional paid-in capital1,607,145,466 1,603,989,130 
Cumulative distributions and net losses(687,044,939)(627,787,040)
Total Steadfast Apartment REIT, Inc. (“STAR”) stockholders’ equity921,202,808 977,302,796 
Noncontrolling interest100,805,226 104,322,659 
Total equity1,022,008,034 1,081,625,455 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$3,246,366,265 $3,301,739,045 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
2


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)
STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
 2021202020212020
Revenues:
Rental income$84,920,839 $79,612,668 $167,300,117 $132,879,341 
Other income703,793 682,926 1,482,333 1,130,193 
Total revenues85,624,632 80,295,594 168,782,450 134,009,534 
Expenses:
Operating, maintenance and management21,333,781 19,719,766 42,098,814 32,216,328 
Real estate taxes and insurance14,587,524 13,667,771 28,444,417 22,411,216 
Fees to affiliates4,263 13,709,333 8,550 22,136,629 
Depreciation and amortization33,277,511 53,455,666 67,152,017 82,031,561 
Interest expense20,087,353 19,715,318 39,895,031 34,106,272 
General and administrative expenses11,736,380 5,272,855 23,061,791 7,703,154 
Impairment of real estate5,039,937 5,039,937 
Total expenses101,026,812 130,580,646 200,660,620 205,645,097 
Loss before other income (expenses)(15,402,180)(50,285,052)(31,878,170)(71,635,563)
Other income (expense):
   Gain on sale of real estate, net11,384,599 
   Interest income98,049 134,262 203,068 387,516 
   Insurance proceeds in excess of losses
     incurred
31,873 57,689 135,360 124,412 
   Equity in loss from unconsolidated joint
     venture
(2,968,207)(3,003,400)
   Fees and other income from affiliates1,571,346 3,029,267 
Total other income (expense)1,701,268 (2,776,256)3,367,695 8,893,127 
Net loss(13,700,912)(53,061,308)(28,510,475)(62,742,436)
  (Loss) income allocated to noncontrolling
     interest
(663,253)163,314 (1,441,527)163,314 
Net loss attributable to common stockholders$(13,037,659)$(53,224,622)$(27,068,948)$(62,905,750)
Loss per common share — basic and diluted$(0.12)$(0.49)$(0.25)$(0.71)
Weighted average number of common shares
    outstanding — basic and diluted
109,905,923 109,139,963 109,896,333 88,660,741 
 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
3


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)
STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021 (Unaudited)


 Common StockConvertible StockClass A Convertible StockAdditional
Paid-In Capital
Cumulative Distributions & Net LossesTotal STAR Stockholders’ EquityNoncontrolling InterestTotal
Stockholders’ Equity
 SharesAmountSharesAmountSharesAmount
BALANCE, April 1, 2021110,187,405 $1,101,874 — $— — $— $1,605,912,272 $(659,581,535)$947,432,611 $102,398,379 $1,049,830,990 
Issuance of common stock199,903 1,999 — — — — 3,106,490 — 3,108,489 — 3,108,489 
Transfers to redeemable common stock— — — — — — (2,301,562)— (2,301,562)— (2,301,562)
Repurchase of common stock(159,168)(1,592)— — — — 1,592 — — 
Distributions declared ($0.131 per share
  of common stock)
— — — — — — — (14,425,745)(14,425,745)(929,900)(15,355,645)
Amortization of stock-based
  compensation
— — — — — — 426,674 — 426,674 — 426,674 
Net loss— — — — — — — (13,037,659)(13,037,659)(663,253)(13,700,912)
BALANCE, June 30, 2021110,228,140 $1,102,281 — $— — $— $1,607,145,466 $(687,044,939)$921,202,808 $100,805,226 $1,022,008,034 

Common StockConvertible StockClass A Convertible StockAdditional
Paid-In Capital
Cumulative Distributions & Net LossesTotal STAR Stockholders’ EquityNoncontrolling InterestTotal
Stockholders’ Equity
SharesAmountSharesAmountSharesAmount
BALANCE, January 1, 2021110,070,572 $1,100,706 — $— — $— $1,603,989,130 $(627,787,040)$977,302,796 $104,322,659 $1,081,625,455 
Issuance of common stock599,213 5,991 — — — — 7,703,101 — 7,709,092 — 7,709,092 
Transfers to redeemable common stock— — — — — — (5,301,563)— (5,301,563)— (5,301,563)
Repurchase of common stock(441,645)(4,416)— — — — 4,416 — — 
Distributions declared ($0.292 per share
  of common stock)
— — — — — — — (32,188,951)(32,188,951)(2,075,906)(34,264,857)
Amortization of stock-based
  compensation
— — — — — — 750,382 — 750,382 — 750,382 
Net loss— — — — — — — (27,068,948)(27,068,948)(1,441,527)(28,510,475)
BALANCE, June 30, 2021110,228,140 $1,102,281 — $— — $— $1,607,145,466 $(687,044,939)$921,202,808 $100,805,226 $1,022,008,034 









See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
4


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)
STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2020 (Unaudited)

 Common StockConvertible StockClass A Convertible StockAdditional
Paid-In Capital
Cumulative Distributions & Net LossesTotal STAR Stockholders’ EquityNoncontrolling InterestTotal
Stockholders’ Equity
 SharesAmountSharesAmountSharesAmount
BALANCE, April 1, 2020108,898,231 $1,088,982 — $— 1,000 $10 $1,588,131,358 $(449,238,871)$1,139,981,479 $$1,139,981,479 
Issuance of common stock688,520 6,885 — — — — 10,548,415 — 10,555,300 — 10,555,300 
Issuance of OP Units— — — — — — — — — 14,450,000 14,450,000 
Repurchase of common stock(149,049)(1,490)— — — — (2,109,047)— (2,110,537)— (2,110,537)
Distributions declared ($0.224 per share
  of common stock)
— — — — — — — (24,425,094)(24,425,094)(163,314)(24,588,408)
Amortization of stock-based
  compensation
— — — — — — 20,927 — 20,927 — 20,927 
Net (loss) income— — — — — — — (53,224,622)(53,224,622)163,314 (53,061,308)
BALANCE, June 30, 2020109,437,702 $1,094,377 — $— 1,000 $10 $1,596,591,653 $(526,888,587)$1,070,797,453 $14,450,000 $1,085,247,453 

Common StockConvertible StockClass A Convertible StockAdditional
Paid-In Capital
Cumulative Distributions & Net LossesTotal STAR Stockholders’ EquityNoncontrolling InterestTotal
Stockholders’ Equity
SharesAmountSharesAmountSharesAmount
BALANCE, January 1, 202052,607,695 $526,077 1,000 $10 $$698,453,981 $(424,166,210)$274,813,858 $$274,813,858 
Issuance of common stock1,016,155 10,162 — — — — 15,629,293 — 15,639,455 — 15,639,455 
Issuance of common stock in connection
  with the SIR Merger
43,775,314 437,753 — — — — 692,963,221 — 693,400,974 — 693,400,974 
Issuance of common stock in connection
  with the STAR III Merger
12,240,739 122,407 — — — — 193,770,898 — 193,893,305 — 193,893,305 
Issuance of OP Units— — — — — — — — — 14,450,000 14,450,000 
Exchange of convertible common stock
  into Class A convertible common stock
— — (1,000)(10)1,000 10 — — — 
Transfers to redeemable common stock— — — — — — (1,383,318)— (1,383,318)— (1,383,318)
Repurchase of common stock(202,201)(2,022)— — — — (2,905,805)— (2,907,827)— (2,907,827)
Distributions declared ($0.448 per share
  of common stock)
— — — — — — — (39,816,627)(39,816,627)(163,314)(39,979,941)
Amortization of stock-based
  compensation
— — — — — — 63,383 — 63,383 — 63,383 
Net (loss) income— — — — — — — (62,905,750)(62,905,750)163,314 (62,742,436)
BALANCE, June 30, 2020109,437,702 $1,094,377 $1,000 $10 $1,596,591,653 $(526,888,587)$1,070,797,453 $14,450,000 $1,085,247,453 

 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
5


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)
STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
Six Months Ended June 30,
 20212020
Cash Flows from Operating Activities: 
Net loss$(28,510,475)$(62,742,436)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
   Depreciation and amortization67,152,017 82,031,561 
   Fees to affiliates paid in common stock6,620,823 
   Loss on disposal of buildings and improvements326,881 475,176 
   Loss on disposal of buildings and improvements from winter storm14,902,551 
   Amortization of deferred financing costs1,097,565 809,876 
   Amortization of stock-based compensation750,382 63,383 
   Amortization of below market leases(3,343)(2,594)
   Change in fair value of interest rate cap agreements(1,203)27,194 
   Gain on sale of real estate(11,384,599)
   Impairment of real estate5,039,937 
   Amortization of loan premiums(1,112,825)(718,264)
   Accretion of loan discounts271,776 189,824 
   Straight-line of office lease7,699 
        Interest on finance lease furnishings193 
   Insurance claim recoveries(15,259,001)(581,954)
   Equity in loss from unconsolidated joint venture3,003,400 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
   Rents and other receivables(8,472,506)(1,328,708)
   Other assets4,766,732 2,131,230 
   Accounts payable and accrued liabilities(6,830,008)6,033,823 
   Due to affiliates(212,975)(3,600,122)
   Due from affiliates168,807 
      Net cash provided by operating activities29,042,267 26,067,550 
Cash Flows from Investing Activities:
   Acquisition of real estate investments(75,966,685)(69,914,948)
   Cash acquired in connection with the Mergers, net of acquisition costs98,283,732 
   Acquisition of real estate held for development(14,270,133)
   Additions to real estate investments(17,869,569)(10,434,613)
   Additions to real estate held for development(9,861,232)(5,324,771)
   Escrow deposits for pending real estate acquisitions(1,500,000)(1,000,000)
   Purchase of interest rate cap agreements(12,200)(47,000)
   Net proceeds from sale of real estate investments32,962,285 
   Proceeds from insurance claims665,957 807,033 
   Cash contribution to unconsolidated joint venture(219,900)
   Cash distribution from unconsolidated joint venture360,700 
      Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities(104,543,729)31,202,385 
6


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)
STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (CONTINUED)
(Unaudited)
Six Months Ended June 30,
20212020
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:
   Proceeds from issuance of mortgage notes payable8,567,133 
   Principal payments on mortgage notes payable(4,187,174)(1,533,980)
   Borrowings from credit facilities198,808,000 
   Payments of commissions on sale of common stock(49,951)
   Payment of deferred financing costs(6,753,413)
   Distributions to common stockholders(30,424,673)(26,030,027)
   Repurchase of common stock(6,301,563)(2,907,827)
      Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities(32,346,277)161,532,802 
      Net (decrease) increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(107,847,739)218,802,737 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of the period297,197,306 148,539,671 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of the period$189,349,567 $367,342,408 
7


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)
STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (CONTINUED)
(Unaudited)
Six Months Ended June 30,
20212020
Supplemental Disclosures of Cash Flow Information:
Interest paid, net of amounts capitalized of $560,066 and $262,619 for the six months
  ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively
$39,859,759 $31,366,049 
Supplemental Disclosures of Noncash Flow Transactions:
Distributions payable to non-affiliated shareholders$4,797,443 $8,232,272 
Distributions payable to affiliates$265,620 $
Real estate under development placed in service$17,703,957 $
Accounts payable related to winter storm$1,412,017 $
Insurance claims receivable related to winter storm$23,164,541 $
Class A-2 OP Units issued for real estate$$14,450,000 
Investment management fees payable in shares$$1,464,982 
Assumption of mortgage notes payable to acquire real estate$$81,315,122 
Premiums on assumed mortgage notes payable$$945,235 
Distributions paid to common stockholders through common stock issuances pursuant
  to the distribution reinvestment plan
$7,709,092 $10,483,613 
Redeemable common stock$294,858 $
Redemptions payable$2,705,142 $4,000,000 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities from additions to real estate investments$15,321,147 $119,152 
Due to affiliates from additions to real estate investments$$65,583 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities from additions to real estate held for
  development
$3,129,393 $2,888,689 
Affiliate accounts payable and accrued liabilities from additions to real estate held for
  development
$$137,857 
Due to affiliates for commissions on sales of common stock$$21,337 
Operating and finance lease right-of-use assets, net$1,566,962 $136,896 
Operating and finance lease liabilities, net$1,595,991 $148,406 
Fair value of real estate acquired in the SIR merger$$1,100,742,973 
Fair value of STAR III real estate acquired in the STAR III merger$$479,559,505 
Fair value of equity issued to SIR shareholders in the SIR merger$$693,400,974 
Fair value of equity issued to STAR III shareholders in the STAR III merger$$193,893,305 
Fair value of SIR debt assumed in the SIR merger$$506,023,982 
Fair value of STAR III debt assumed in the STAR III merger$$289,407,045 
Fair value of unconsolidated joint venture assumed in the SIR merger$$22,128,691 
Assets assumed in the SIR merger$$3,553,868 
Assets assumed in the STAR III merger$$2,060,898 
Liabilities assumed in the SIR merger$$21,782,302 
Liabilities assumed in the STAR III merger$$7,334,616 
Premiums on assumed mortgage notes payable in the SIR and STAR III mergers$$14,899,631 
Discount on assumed mortgage note payable in the SIR and STAR III mergers$$10,489,075 
 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
8


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)

1.        Organization and Business
Steadfast Apartment REIT, Inc. (the “Company”) was formed on August 22, 2013, as a Maryland corporation that elected to qualify as a real estate investment trust (“REIT”) commencing with the taxable year ended December 31, 2014. On September 3, 2013, the Company was initially capitalized with the sale of 13,500 shares of common stock to Steadfast REIT Investments, LLC, the Company’s former sponsor (“SRI”), at a purchase price of $15.00 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $202,500. SRI is controlled indirectly by Rodney F. Emery, the Company’s Chairman of the board of directors and Chief Executive Officer, through Steadfast REIT Holdings, LLC (“Steadfast Holdings”). Steadfast Apartment Advisor, LLC (the “Former Advisor”), a Delaware limited liability company formed on August 22, 2013, invested $1,000 in the Company in exchange for 1,000 shares of non-participating, non-voting convertible stock (the “Convertible Stock”). In connection with the SIR Merger and STAR III Merger (described below), the Former Advisor exchanged the Convertible Stock for new non-participating, non-voting Class A convertible stock (the “Class A Convertible Stock”). In connection with the Internalization Transaction (described below), the Company repurchased the Class A Convertible Stock for $1,000. See Note 8 (Stockholders’ Equity) for further details.
The Company owns and operates a diverse portfolio of multifamily properties located in targeted markets throughout the United States. As of June 30, 2021, the Company owned 70 multifamily properties and 3 parcels of land held for the development of apartment homes. The Company’s portfolio is comprised of 21,936 apartment homes, including 95 newly constructed apartment homes placed into service at the Garrison Station development project during the six months ended June 30, 2021. The parcel of land held for the development of the Garrison Station apartments had 5 of 9 residential buildings placed into service comprising 95 of 176 apartment homes during the six months ended June 30, 2021. The Company may acquire additional multifamily properties or pursue multifamily developments in the future. For more information on the Company’s real estate portfolio, see Note 4 (Real Estate).
Public Offering
On December 30, 2013, the Company commenced its initial public offering to offer a maximum of 66,666,667 shares of common stock for sale to the public at an initial price of $15.00 per share (with discounts available for certain categories of purchasers) (the “Primary Offering”). The Company also registered up to 7,017,544 shares of common stock for sale pursuant to the Company’s distribution reinvestment plan (the “DRP,” and together with the Primary Offering, the “Public Offering”) at an initial price of $14.25 per share. The Company terminated its Primary Offering on March 24, 2016, but continues to offer shares of common stock pursuant to the DRP. As of the termination of the Primary Offering on March 24, 2016, the Company had sold 48,625,651 shares of common stock in the Public Offering for gross proceeds of $724,849,631, including 1,011,561 shares of common stock issued pursuant to the DRP for gross offering proceeds of $14,414,752. As of June 30, 2021, the Company had issued 112,167,095 shares of common stock for gross offering proceeds of $1,725,738,819, including 8,537,015 shares of common stock issued pursuant to the DRP for gross offering proceeds of $128,009,661. Additionally, on March 6, 2020, the Company issued 56,016,053 shares of common stock in connection with the Mergers described below.
On March 9, 2021, the Company’s board of directors determined an estimated value per share of the Company’s common stock of $15.55 as of December 31, 2020. Additional information on the Company’s estimated value per share can be found in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on March 12, 2021. In connection with the determination of an estimated value per share, the Company’s board of directors determined a price per share for the DRP of $15.55, effective April 1, 2021. The Company’s board of directors may again, from time to time, in its sole discretion, change the price at which the Company offers shares pursuant to the DRP to reflect changes in the Company’s estimated value per share and other factors that the Company’s board of directors deems relevant. 
Merger with Steadfast Income REIT, Inc.
On August 5, 2019, the Company, Steadfast Income REIT, Inc. (“SIR”), Steadfast Apartment REIT Operating Partnership, L.P., a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (the “STAR Operating Partnership”), Steadfast Income REIT Operating
9


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
Partnership, L.P., the operating partnership of SIR (“SIR OP”), and SI Subsidiary, LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (“SIR Merger Sub”), entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “SIR Merger Agreement”). Pursuant to the terms and conditions of the SIR Merger Agreement, on March 6, 2020, SIR merged with and into SIR Merger Sub with SIR Merger Sub surviving the merger (the “SIR Merger”). Following the SIR Merger, SIR Merger Sub, as the surviving entity, continued as the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary. In accordance with the applicable provisions of the Maryland General Corporation Law (“MGCL”), the separate existence of SIR ceased.
At the effective time of the SIR Merger, each issued and outstanding share of SIR common stock (or a fraction thereof), $0.01 par value per share, converted into 0.5934 shares of the Company’s common stock.
Merger with Steadfast Apartment REIT III, Inc.
On August 5, 2019, the Company, Steadfast Apartment REIT III, Inc. (“STAR III”), the STAR Operating Partnership, Steadfast Apartment REIT III Operating Partnership, L.P., the operating partnership of STAR III (the “STAR III OP”), and SIII Subsidiary, LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (“STAR III Merger Sub”), entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “STAR III Merger Agreement”). Pursuant to the terms and conditions of the STAR III Merger Agreement, on March 6, 2020, STAR III merged with and into STAR III Merger Sub with STAR III Merger Sub surviving the merger (the “STAR III Merger”, and together with the SIR Merger, the “Mergers”). Following the STAR III Merger, STAR III Merger Sub, as the surviving entity, continued as a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company. In accordance with the applicable provisions of the MGCL, the separate existence of STAR III ceased.
At the effective time of the STAR III Merger, each issued and outstanding share of STAR III common stock (or a fraction thereof), $0.01 par value per share, was converted into 1.430 shares of the Company’s common stock.
Combined Company
Through the Mergers, the Company acquired 36 multifamily properties with 10,166 apartment homes and a 10% interest in 1 unconsolidated joint venture that owned 20 multifamily properties with a total of 4,584 apartment homes, all of which had a gross real estate value of approximately $1.5 billion. The Combined Company after the Mergers retained the name “Steadfast Apartment REIT, Inc.” Each merger was intended to qualify as a “reorganization” under, and within the meaning of, Section 368(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Internal Revenue Code”). For more information on the Mergers, see Note 4 (Real Estate).
Pre-Internalization Operating Partnerships Mergers
On August 28, 2020, pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “SIR OP/STAR OP Merger Agreement”), the STAR Operating Partnership merged with and into the SIR OP (the “SIR OP/STAR OP Merger”). The SIR OP/STAR OP Merger was treated for U.S. federal income tax purposes as a tax-deferred contribution by the Company of all of the assets and liabilities of STAR Operating Partnership to SIR OP under Section 721(a) of the Internal Revenue Code.
Immediately following the consummation of the SIR OP/STAR OP Merger, on August 28, 2020, pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Operating Partnership Merger Agreement”), STAR III OP merged with and into SIR OP (the “Operating Partnership Merger” and together with the SIR OP/STAR OP Merger, the “Operating Partnership Mergers”). The Operating Partnership Merger was treated as an “asset over partnership merger” governed by Treasury Regulations Section 1.708-1(c)(3)(i), with SIR OP being the “resulting partnership” and STAR III OP terminating.
On August 28, 2020, SIR OP changed its name to “Steadfast Apartment REIT Operating Partnership, L.P.” (the “Operating Partnership”). In addition, on August 28, 2020, prior to completion of the Operating Partnership Mergers, the Company acquired STAR III Merger Sub. On August 28, 2020, SIR Merger Sub, as the initial general partner of the Operating Partnership, transferred all of its general partnership interests to the Company, and the Company was admitted as a substitute general partner of the Operating Partnership.
On August 28, 2020, the Company, Steadfast Income Advisor, LLC, the initial limited partner of the Operating Partnership (“SIR Advisor”), Steadfast Apartment Advisor III, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and the special limited partner of the Operating Partnership (“STAR III Advisor”), Wellington VVM LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and limited
10


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
partner of the Operating Partnership (“Wellington”), and Copans VVM, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and limited partner of the Operating Partnership (“Copans” and together with “Wellington”, “VV&M”), entered into a Second Amended and Restated Agreement of Limited Partnership of Steadfast Apartment REIT Operating Partnership, L.P. (the “Second A&R Partnership Agreement”) in order to, among other things, reflect the consummation of the Operating Partnership Mergers. The purpose of the Operating Partnership Mergers was to simplify the Company’s corporate structure so that the Company has a single operating partnership that is a direct subsidiary of the Company.
Internalization Transaction
On August 31, 2020, the Operating Partnership and the Company entered into a series of transactions and agreements (such transactions and agreements hereinafter collectively referred to as the “Internalization Transaction”), with SRI, which provided for the internalization of the Company’s external management functions previously provided by the Former Advisor and its affiliates. Prior to the Internalization Closing (as defined herein), which took place contemporaneously with the execution of the Contribution & Purchase Agreement (as defined herein) on August 31, 2020 (the “Internalization Closing”), Steadfast Investment Properties, Inc., a California corporation (“SIP”), Steadfast REIT Services, Inc., a California corporation (“REIT Services”), and their respective affiliates owned and operated all of the assets necessary to operate the Company and its subsidiaries as a self-managed company and employed all the employees necessary to operate as a self-managed company.

Pursuant to a Contribution and Purchase Agreement (the “Contribution & Purchase Agreement”) between the Company, the Operating Partnership and SRI, SRI contributed to the Operating Partnership all of the membership interests in STAR RS Holdings, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“SRSH”), and the assets and rights necessary to operate as a self-managed company in all material respects, and the liabilities associated with such assets and rights in exchange for $124,999,000, which was paid as follows: (1) $31,249,000 in cash and (2) 6,155,613.92 Class B OP units of limited partnership interests in the Operating Partnership (the “Class B OP Units”) having the agreed value set forth in the Contribution & Purchase Agreement of $15.23 per Class B OP Unit. In addition, the Company purchased all of the Class A Convertible Stock of the Company held by the Former Advisor for $1,000. As a result of the Internalization Transaction, the Company became self-managed and acquired components of the advisory, investment management and property management operations of the Former Advisor by hiring the Transferring Employees (as defined in the Contribution & Purchase Agreement), who comprise the workforce necessary for the management and day-to-day real estate and accounting operations of the Company and the Operating Partnership.The Former Advisor is owned by SRI, the Company’s former sponsor. Mr. Emery, the Company’s Chairman of the board of directors and Chief Executive Officer, owns a 48.6% interest in Steadfast Holdings, the largest owner of SRI.

Concurrently with, and as a condition to the execution and delivery of the Contribution & Purchase Agreement, the Company, through STAR REIT Services, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and indirect subsidiary of the Company (“SRS”), entered into employment agreements with certain key employees. For more information on the Internalization Transaction, see Note 3 (Internalization Transaction).

On July 16, 2021, the Company received a derivative demand letter addressed to the Board, purportedly sent on behalf of two stockholders, relating to the Internalization Transaction. The letter demanded that the Board appoint a committee to investigate the Internalization Transaction and, among other things, determine whether there exists any basis for the Company to pursue claims relating to that transaction, including for recovery of payments made in the transaction. The Company is considering the request.
The Former Advisor
Prior to the Internalization Transaction, the business of the Company was externally managed by the Former Advisor, pursuant to the Amended and Restated Advisory Agreement effective as of March 6, 2020, by and between the Company and the Former Advisor (as may be amended, the “Advisory Agreement”). On August 31, 2020, prior to the Internalization Closing, the Company, the Former Advisor and the Operating Partnership entered into a Joinder Agreement (the “Joinder Agreement”) pursuant to which the Operating Partnership became a party to the Advisory Agreement. On August 31, 2020, prior to the Internalization Closing, the Former Advisor and the Company entered into the First Amendment to the Amended and Restated
11


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
Advisory Agreement in order to remove certain restrictions in the Advisory Agreement related to business combinations and to provide that any amounts accrued to the Former Advisor commencing on September 1, 2020 are paid in cash to the Former Advisor by the Operating Partnership (the “First Amendment”). In connection with the Internalization Transaction, SRS assumed the rights and obligations of the Advisory Agreement from the Former Advisor.
The Operating Partnership
Substantially all of the Company’s business is conducted through the Operating Partnership. The Company is the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership. The Operating Partnership owns, directly or indirectly, all of the properties that the Company has acquired. As of June 30, 2021, the Company owned approximately 94% of the operating partnership units of the Operating Partnership (the “OP Units”). As a result of the Internalization Transaction, SRI owns approximately 5% of the OP Units of the Operating Partnership, including approximately 6,155,613.92 Class B OP Units owned by SRI as of June 30, 2021. The remaining approximate 1% of the OP Units are owned by VV&M, unaffiliated third parties in the form of Class A-2 OP Units (as defined below). The Operating Partnership may conduct certain activities through the Company’s taxable REIT subsidiary, which is an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of the Operating Partnership. As a condition to the Internalization Closing, on August 31, 2020, the Company, as the general partner and parent of the Operating Partnership, SRI and VV&M entered into a Third Amended and Restated Agreement of Limited Partnership of the Operating Partnership (the “Operating Partnership Agreement”) to restate the Second A&R Partnership Agreement in order to, among other things, remove references to the limited partner interests previously held by SIR Advisor and STAR III Advisor, reflect the consummation of the contribution, and designate Class B OP Units that were issued as consideration pursuant to the Internalization Transaction.
The Operating Partnership Agreement provides that the Operating Partnership is operated in a manner that will enable the Company to (1) satisfy the requirements for being classified as a REIT for tax purposes, (2) avoid any federal income or excise tax liability and (3) ensure that the Operating Partnership will not be classified as a “publicly traded partnership” for purposes of Section 7704 of the Internal Revenue Code, which classification could result in the Operating Partnership being taxed as a corporation.
2.        Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
There have been no significant changes to the Company’s accounting policies since it filed its audited financial statements in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020. For further information about the Company’s accounting policies, refer to the Company’s consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2020, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 12, 2021. 
Principles of Consolidation and Basis of Presentation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, the Operating Partnership and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. The portion of the entity not wholly-owned by the Company is presented as noncontrolling interest. All significant intercompany balances and transactions are eliminated in consolidation. The financial statements of the Company’s subsidiaries are prepared using accounting policies consistent with those of the Company.
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information as contained within the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”), Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) and the rules and regulations of the SEC, including the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, the unaudited consolidated financial statements do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for audited financial statements. In the opinion of management, the financial statements for the unaudited interim periods presented include all adjustments that are of a normal and recurring nature and necessary for a fair and consistent presentation of the results of such periods. Operating results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2021. The unaudited consolidated financial statements herein should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.
12


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
Noncontrolling interests
Noncontrolling interests represent the portion of equity that the Company does not own in an entity that is consolidated. The Company’s noncontrolling interests are comprised of Class A-2 operating partnership units (“Class A-2 OP Units”) and Class B OP Units of the Operating Partnership. The Company accounts for noncontrolling interests in accordance with ASC 810, Consolidation (“ASC 810”). In accordance with ASC 810, the Company reports noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries within equity in the consolidated financial statements, but separate from stockholders’ equity. In accordance with ASC 480, Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (“ASC 480”), noncontrolling interests that are determined to be redeemable are carried at their fair value or redemption value as of the balance sheet date and reported as liabilities or temporary equity depending on their terms. A noncontrolling interest that fails to qualify as permanent equity will be reclassified as a liability or temporary equity. As of June 30, 2021, the Company’s noncontrolling interests qualified as permanent equity. For more information on the Company’s noncontrolling interests, see Note 9 (Noncontrolling Interest).
Use of Estimates
The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could materially differ from those estimates.
Casualty loss
The Company carries liability insurance to mitigate its exposure to certain losses, including those relating to property damage and business interruption. The Company records the estimated amount of expected insurance proceeds for property damage and other losses incurred as an asset (typically a receivable from the insurer) and income up to the amount of the losses incurred when receipt of insurance proceeds is deemed probable. Any amount of insurance recovery in excess of the amount of the losses incurred is considered a gain contingency and is recorded in other income when the proceeds are received. During the six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company incurred property damage and other losses of $23,164,541, which was recorded as general and administrative expenses, with corresponding insurance recovery income up to the amount of losses incurred (as described above) included in general and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. The Company also recorded insurance recoveries of $23,164,541 for the estimated insurance claims proceeds in the amount of total losses incurred (as described above) as an increase in rents and other receivables.
Real Estate Assets
Real Estate Purchase Price Allocation
Upon the acquisition of real estate properties or other entities owning real estate properties, the Company evaluates whether the acquisition is a business combination or an asset acquisition under ASC 805-50, Business Combinations-Related Issues (“ASC 805”). For both business combinations and asset acquisitions the Company allocates the purchase price of real estate properties to acquired tangible assets, consisting of land, buildings and improvements, and acquired intangible assets and liabilities, consisting of the value of above-market and below-market leases and the value of in-place leases. For asset acquisitions, the Company capitalizes transaction costs and allocates the purchase price using a relative fair value method allocating all accumulated costs. For business combinations, the Company expenses transaction costs incurred and allocates the purchase price based on the estimated fair value of each separately identifiable asset and liability. Acquisition fees and costs associated with transactions determined to be asset acquisitions are capitalized in total real estate, net in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, all of the Company’s acquisitions of real estate properties, including pursuant to the Mergers, were determined to be asset acquisitions.
The fair values of the tangible assets of an acquired property (which includes land, buildings and improvements) are determined by valuing the property as if it were vacant, and the “as-if-vacant” value is then allocated to land and buildings and improvements based on management’s determination of the relative fair value of these assets. Management determines the as-if-vacant fair value of a property using methods similar to those used by independent appraisers. Factors considered by management in performing these analyses include an estimate of carrying costs during the expected lease-up periods
13


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
considering current market conditions and costs to execute similar leases, including leasing commissions and other related costs. In estimating carrying costs, management includes real estate taxes, insurance, and other operating expenses during the expected lease-up periods based on current market conditions.
The fair values of above-market and below-market in-place leases are recorded based on the present value (using an interest rate which reflects the risks associated with the leases acquired) of the difference between (i) the contractual amounts to be paid pursuant to the in-place leases and (ii) an estimate of fair market lease rates for the corresponding in-place leases, measured over a period equal to the remaining non-cancelable term of the lease including any fixed rate bargain renewal periods, with respect to a below-market lease. The above-market and below-market lease values are capitalized as intangible lease assets or liabilities. Above-market lease values are amortized as an adjustment of rental revenue over the remaining terms of the respective leases. Below-market leases are amortized as an adjustment of rental revenue over the remaining terms of the respective leases, including any fixed rate bargain renewal periods. If a lease were to be terminated prior to its stated expiration, all unamortized amounts of above-market and below-market in-place lease values related to that lease would be recorded as an adjustment to rental revenue.
The fair values of in-place leases include an estimate of direct costs associated with obtaining a new resident and opportunity costs associated with lost rentals that are avoided by acquiring an in-place lease. Direct costs associated with obtaining a new resident include commissions, resident improvements, and other direct costs and are estimated based on management’s consideration of current market costs to execute a similar lease. The value of opportunity costs is calculated using the contractual amounts to be paid pursuant to the in-place leases over a market absorption period for a similar lease. These lease intangibles are amortized to depreciation and amortization expense over the remaining terms of the respective leases. If a lease were to be terminated prior to its stated expiration, all unamortized amounts of in-place lease assets relating to that lease would be expensed.
Impairment of Real Estate Assets
 The Company accounts for its real estate assets in accordance with ASC 360, Property, Plant and Equipment (“ASC 360”). ASC 360 requires the Company to continually monitor events and changes in circumstances that could indicate that the carrying amounts of the Company’s real estate and related intangible assets may not be recoverable. When indicators of potential impairment suggest that the carrying value of real estate and related intangible assets and liabilities may not be recoverable, the Company assesses the recoverability of the assets by estimating whether the Company will recover the carrying value of the asset through its undiscounted future cash flows and its eventual disposition. Based on this analysis, if the Company does not believe that it will be able to recover the carrying value of the real estate and related intangible assets and liabilities, the Company records an impairment loss to the extent that the carrying value exceeds the estimated fair value of the real estate and related intangible assets and liabilities. If any assumptions, projections or estimates regarding an asset changes in the future, the Company may have to record an impairment to reduce the net book value of such individual asset. The Company continues to monitor events in connection with the outbreak of the novel Coronavirus (“COVID-19”) and evaluates any potential indicators that could suggest that the carrying value of its real estate investments and related intangible assets and liabilities may not be recoverable. NaN impairment charge was recorded during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021. The Company recorded an impairment charge of $5,039,937 related to 2 of its real estate assets for each of the three and six months ended June 30, 2020.
Goodwill
Goodwill represents the excess of consideration paid over the fair value of underlying identifiable net assets of a business acquired. The Company’s goodwill has an indeterminate life and is not amortized, but is tested for impairment on an annual basis, or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the asset might be impaired. The Company takes a qualitative approach to consider whether an impairment of goodwill exists prior to quantitatively determining the fair value of the reporting unit in step one of the impairment test. The Company performed its annual assessment on October 1, 2020. The Company recorded goodwill during the year ended December 31, 2020, in connection with the Internalization Transaction. NaN impairment charge was recorded during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021. See Note 3 (Internalization Transaction) for details.
14


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
Revenue Recognition - Operating Leases
The majority of the Company’s revenue is derived from rental revenue, which is accounted for in accordance with ASC 842, Leases (“ASC 842”). The Company leases apartment homes under operating leases with terms generally of one year or less. Generally, credit investigations are performed for prospective residents and security deposits are obtained. In accordance with ASC 842, the Company recognizes minimum rent, including rental abatements, lease incentives and contractual fixed increases attributable to operating leases, on a straight-line basis over the term of the related leases when collectability is probable and records amounts expected to be received in later years as deferred rent receivable. For lease arrangements when it is not probable that the Company will collect all or substantially all of the remaining lease payments under the term of the lease, rental revenue is limited to the lesser of the rental revenue that would be recognized on a straight-line basis (as applicable) or the lease payments that have been collected from the lessee. Differences between rental revenue recognized and amounts contractually due under the lease agreements are credited or charged to straight-line rent receivable or straight-line rent liability, as applicable. Tenant reimbursements for common area maintenance and other recoverable expenses, are recognized when the services are provided and the performance obligations are satisfied. Tenant reimbursements for common area maintenance are accounted for as variable lease payments and are recorded as rental income on the Company’s consolidated statement of operations.
Rents and Other Receivables
In accordance with ASC 842, the Company makes a determination of whether the collectability of the lease payments in an operating lease is probable. If the Company determines the lease payments are not probable of collection, the Company would fully reserve for any contractual lease payments, deferred rent receivable, and variable lease payments and would recognize rental income only if cash is received. The Company exercises judgment in establishing these allowances and considers payment history and current credit status of residents in developing these estimates. Due to the short-term nature of the operating leases, the Company does not maintain a deferred rent receivable related to the straight-lining of rents. Any changes to the Company’s collectability assessment are reflected as an adjustment to rental income.
Residents’ Payment Plans Due to COVID-19
In April, 2020, the FASB issued the ASC 842 Q&A to respond to some frequently asked questions about accounting for lease concessions related to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. Under ASC 842, modified terms and conditions of a company’s existing lease contracts, such as, changes to lease payments, may affect the economics of the lease for the remainder of the term and are generally accounted for as lease modifications. Some contracts may contain explicit or implicit enforceable rights and obligations that require lease concessions if certain circumstances arise that are beyond the control of the parties to the contract. If a lease contract provides enforceable rights and obligations for concessions in the contract and no changes are made to that contract, the concessions are not considered a lease modification pursuant to ASC 842. This means both the lessor and lessee need not remeasure and reallocate the consideration in the lease contract, reassess the lease term or reassess lease classification and lease liability, provided that the concessions are considered to be a separate contract. If concessions granted by lessors are beyond the enforceable rights and obligations in the contract, entities would generally account for those concessions in accordance with the lease modification guidance in ASC 842 as described above.
The FASB staff has been made aware that, given the unprecedented and global nature of the COVID-19 pandemic, it may be exceedingly challenging for entities to determine whether existing contracts provide enforceable rights and obligations for lease concessions and, if so, whether those concessions are consistent with the terms of the contract or are modifications to a contract.
Consequently, for concessions related to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, an entity will not have to analyze each contract to determine whether enforceable rights and obligations for concessions exist in the contract and can elect to apply or not apply the lease modification guidance under ASC 842 to those contracts. Entities may make the elections for any lessor-provided concessions related to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic (e.g., deferrals of lease payments, reduced future lease payments) as long as the concession does not result in a substantial increase in the rights of the lessor or the obligations of the lessee. In addition to that, for concessions that provide a deferral of payments with no substantive changes to the consideration in the original contract, the FASB allows entities to account for the concessions as if no changes to the lease contract were made. Under this method, a lessor would increase its lease receivable and continue to recognize income.
15


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
During the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2020, the Company instituted payment plans for its residents that were experiencing hardship due to COVID-19, which the Company refers to as the “COVID-19 Payment Plan.” Pursuant to the COVID-19 Payment Plan, the Company allowed qualifying residents to defer their rent, which is collected by the Company in monthly installment payments over the duration of the current lease or renewal term (which may not exceed 12 months). Additionally, for the months of May and June 2020, the Company began providing certain qualifying residents with a one-time concession to incentivize their performance under the COVID-19 Payment Plan. If the qualifying resident fails to make payments pursuant to the COVID-19 Payment Plan, the concession is immediately terminated, and the qualifying resident is required to immediately repay the amount of the concession. The Company did not offer residents any other payment plans during the remaining months in fiscal year 2020 due to the reduced demand of such payment plans.
In January 2021, the Company began offering an extension to the COVID-19 Payment Plan (the “Extension Plan”), that allows eligible residents to defer their rent, which is collected by the Company in monthly installment payments over the lesser of the duration of the current lease term or a maximum of three months (with the exception of certain states that allow a maximum of six months deferral). Under the Extension Plan, no concessions are offered for residents with a payment plan duration of two months or less and residents who opted for the COVID-19 Payment Plan are not eligible to participate in the Extension Plan unless they paid off the amounts due under the COVID-19 Payment Plan.
During the three months ended September 30, 2020, the Company initiated a debt forgiveness program for certain qualifying residents that were experiencing hardship due to COVID-19 and who were in default of their lease payments (the “Debt Forgiveness Program”). Pursuant to the Debt Forgiveness Program, the Company offered qualifying residents an opportunity to terminate their lease without being liable for any unpaid rent and penalties. The Company determined that accounts receivable of $2,110,657 related to the Debt Forgiveness Program are not probable of collection and therefore included these accounts in its reserve.
The Company elected not to evaluate whether the COVID-19 Payment Plans, the Debt Forgiveness Program and the Extension Plan are lease modifications and therefore the Company’s policy is to account for the lease contracts with COVID-19 Payment Plans, Debt Forgiveness Program and the Extension Plan as if no lease modifications occurred. Under this accounting method, a lessor with an operating lease may account for the concession (which in this case only applies to the COVID-19 Payment Plans) by continuing to recognize a lease receivable until the rental payment is received from the lessee at the revised payment date. If it is determined that the lease receivable is not collectable, the Company would treat that lease contract on a cash basis as defined in ASC 842. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company reserved $3,080,227 and $2,245,067 of accounts receivables, respectively, which are considered not probable of collection.
Fair Value Measurements
Under GAAP, the Company is required to measure certain financial instruments at fair value on a recurring basis. In addition, the Company is required to measure other assets and liabilities at fair value on a non-recurring basis (e.g., carrying value of impaired real estate loans receivable and long-lived assets). Fair value is defined as the price that would be received upon the sale of an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The GAAP fair value framework uses a three-tiered approach. Fair value measurements are classified and disclosed in one of the following three categories:
Level 1: unadjusted quoted prices in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical assets or liabilities;
Level 2: quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active, and model-derived valuations in which significant inputs and significant value drivers are observable in active markets; and
Level 3: prices or valuation techniques where little or no market data is available that requires inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable.
16


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
When available, the Company utilizes quoted market prices from an independent third-party source to determine fair value and will classify such items in Level 1 or Level 2. In instances where the market is not active, regardless of the availability of a nonbinding quoted market price, observable inputs might not be relevant and could require the Company to make a significant adjustment to derive a fair value measurement. Additionally, in an inactive market, a market price quoted from an independent third party may rely more on models with inputs based on information available only to that independent third party. When the Company determines the market for a financial instrument owned by the Company to be illiquid or when market transactions for similar instruments do not appear orderly, the Company uses several valuation sources (including internal valuations, discounted cash flow analysis and quoted market prices) and will establish a fair value by assigning weights to the various valuation sources. The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment and considers factors specific to the asset or liability. There were no transfers between the levels in the fair value hierarchy during the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.
The following describes the valuation methodologies used by the Company to measure fair value, including an indication of the level in the fair value hierarchy in which each asset or liability is generally classified.
Interest rate cap agreements - The Company has entered into certain interest rate cap agreements. These derivatives are recorded at fair value. Fair value was based on a model-driven valuation using the associated variable rate curve and an implied market volatility, both of which were observable at commonly quoted intervals for the full term of the interest rate cap agreements. Therefore, the Company’s interest rate cap agreements were classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy and are included in other assets in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. Changes in the fair value of the interest rate cap agreements are recorded as interest expense in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.
The following tables reflect the Company’s assets required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis on the consolidated balance sheets:
June 30, 2021
Fair Value Measurements Using
Level 1Level 2Level 3
Assets:
Interest rate cap agreements(1)
$$21,255 $

December 31, 2020
Fair Value Measurements Using
Level 1Level 2Level 3
Assets:
  Interest rate cap agreements(1)
$$7,852 $
_______________
(1)See Note 14 (Derivative Financial Instruments) for a discussion of the interest rate cap agreements used to manage the exposure to interest rate movement on the Company’s variable rate loans.
Changes in assumptions or estimation methodologies can have a material effect on these estimated fair values. In this regard, the derived fair value estimates cannot be substantiated by comparison to independent markets and, in many cases, may not be realized in an immediate settlement of the instrument.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The accompanying consolidated balance sheets include the following financial instruments: cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, rents and other receivables, due from affiliates, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, distributions payable, distributions payable to affiliates, due to affiliates and notes payable.
17


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
The Company considers the carrying value of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, rents and other receivables, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, distributions payable, amounts due from affiliates, amounts due to affiliates and distributions payable to affiliates to approximate the fair value of these financial instruments based on the short duration between origination of the instruments and their expected realization. The Company has determined that its notes payable, net are classified as Level 3 within the fair value hierarchy.
The fair value of the notes payable, net is estimated using a discounted cash flow analysis using borrowing rates available to the Company for debt instruments with similar terms and maturities. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the fair value of the notes payable was $2,265,796,735 and $2,246,242,677, respectively, compared to the carrying value of $2,133,882,146 and $2,129,245,671, respectively.
Restricted Cash
Restricted cash represents those cash accounts for which the use of funds is restricted by loan covenants and a cash account established in connection with a letter of credit to fund future workers compensation claims. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had a restricted cash balance of $28,399,975 and $38,998,980, respectively, which represented amounts set aside as impounds for future property tax payments, property insurance payments and tenant improvement payments as required by agreements with the Company’s lenders as well as an amount set aside in connection with a letter of credit.

The following table represents the components of the cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash presented on the accompanying consolidated statements of cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020:
June 30,
20212020
Cash and cash equivalents$160,949,592 $330,674,998 
Restricted cash28,399,975 36,667,410 
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$189,349,567 $367,342,408 

Distribution Policy
The Company elected to be taxed, and currently qualifies, as a REIT commencing with the taxable year ended December 31, 2014. To maintain its qualification as a REIT, the Company intends to make distributions each taxable year equal to at least 90% of its REIT taxable income (which is determined without regard to the dividends paid deduction or net capital gain and which does not necessarily equal net income as calculated in accordance with GAAP). Distributions declared during the month ended January 31, 2021, were based on daily record dates and calculated at a rate of $0.002466 per share of the Company’s common stock per day during the period from January 1, 2021 through January 31, 2021. On January 12, 2021, the Company’s board of directors determined to reduce the daily distribution amount to $0.001438 per share commencing on February 1, 2021 and ending February 28, 2021, which was extended for the months of March, April, May, June and July 2021. As a result, distributions declared during the period from February 1, 2021 through June 30, 2021, were based on daily record dates and calculated at a rate of $0.001438 per share of the Company’s common stock per day.
Distributions to stockholders are determined by the board of directors of the Company and are dependent upon a number of factors relating to the Company, including funds available for the payment of distributions, financial condition, the timing of property acquisitions, capital expenditure requirements and annual distribution requirements in order for the Company to qualify as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company declared distributions totaling $0.131 and $0.292 per share of common stock, respectively. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company declared distributions totaling $0.224 and $0.448 per share of common stock, respectively.

18


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
Lessee Accounting
In February 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) (“ASU 2016-02”), which requires leases with original lease terms of more than 12 months to be recorded on the balance sheet. For leases with terms greater than 12 months, a right-of-use (“ROU”) lease asset and a lease liability are recognized on the balance sheet at commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term.
Lease renewal or termination options are included in the lease asset and lease liability only if it is reasonably certain that the option to extend or to terminate would be exercised. As the implicit rate in most leases are not readily determinable, the Company’s incremental borrowing rate for each lease at commencement date is used to determine the present value of lease payments. Consideration is given to the Company’s recent debt financing transactions, as well as publicly available data for instruments with similar characteristics, adjusted for the respective lease term, when estimating incremental borrowing rates. Lease expense is recognized over the lease term based on an effective interest method for finance leases and on a straight-line basis for operating leases. On January 1, 2019, the Company adopted ASU 2016-02 and its related amendments (collectively, “ASC 842”) using the modified retrospective method. The Company elected the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance, which allowed the Company to carry forward its original assessment of (1) whether contracts are or contain leases, (2) lease classification and (3) initial direct costs. The Company also elected the practical expedient that allows lessees the option to account for lease and non-lease components together as a single component for all classes of underlying assets. See Note 15 (Leases).
Equity-Based Compensation
The Company’s stock-based compensation consists of restricted stock issued to key employees and independent directors of the Company. The Company accounts for equity-based compensation awards using the fair value method, which requires an estimate of fair value of the award at the time of grant and recognized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the awards. The compensation expense is adjusted for actual forfeitures upon occurrence. Equity-based compensation is classified within general and administrative expenses in the consolidated statements of operations.
Per Share Data
Basic loss per share attributable to common stockholders for all periods presented are computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted loss per share is computed based on the weighted average number of shares of the Company’s common stock and all potentially dilutive securities, if any. Distributions declared per common share assume each share was issued and outstanding each day during the period. Nonvested shares of the Company’s restricted common stock give rise to potentially dilutive shares of the Company’s common stock but such shares were excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share because such shares were anti-dilutive during the period.
Segment Disclosure
The Company has determined that it has 1 reportable segment with activities related to investing in multifamily properties. The Company’s investments in real estate are in different geographic regions, and management evaluates operating performance on an individual asset level. However, as each of the Company’s assets has similar economic characteristics, residents and products and services, its assets have been aggregated into 1 reportable segment.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In January 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-01, Investments-Equity Securities (Topic 321), Investments-Equity Method and Joint Ventures (Topic 323), and Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Clarifying the Interactions between Topic 321, Topic 323, and Topic 815, (“ASU 2020-01”), which clarifies the interaction between the accounting for equity securities under Topic 321, the accounting for equity method investments in Topic 323, and the accounting for certain forward contracts and purchased options in Topic 815. ASU 2020-01 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. The amendments in ASU 2020-01 should be applied
19


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
prospectively. The Company adopted ASU 2020-01 on January 1, 2021. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting (“ASU 2020-04”). ASU 2020-04 provided practical expedients to address existing guidance on contract modifications and hedge accounting due to the expected market transition from the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) and other interbank offered rates (together “IBORs”) to alternative reference rates, such as the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”). In July 2017, the Financial Conduct Authority announced it intended to stop compelling banks to submit rates for the calculation of LIBOR after 2021. The Company refers to this transition as reference rate reform. The first practical expedient allows companies to elect to not apply certain modification accounting requirements to debt, derivative and lease contracts affected by reference rate reform if certain criteria are met. These criteria include the following: (1) the contract referenced an IBOR rate that is expected to be discontinued; (2) the modified terms directly replace or have the potential to replace the IBOR rate that is expected to be discontinued; and (3) any contemporaneous changes to other terms that change or have the potential to change the amount and timing of contractual cash flows must be related to the replacement of the IBOR rate. If the contract meets all three criteria, there is no requirement for remeasurement of the contract at the modification date or reassessment of the previous accounting determination. The second practical expedient allows companies to change the reference rate and other critical terms related to the reference rate reform in derivative hedge documentation without having to de-designate the hedging relationship. This allows for companies to continue applying hedge accounting to existing cash flow and net investment hedges. ASU 2020-04 was effective upon issuance on a prospective basis beginning January 1, 2020 and may be elected over time as reference rate reform activities occur. Subsequently, in January 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-01, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Scope ("ASU 2021-01"). The amendments in ASU 2021-01 clarify that certain optional expedients and exceptions for contract modifications and hedge accounting apply to derivative instruments that use an interest rate for margining, discounting, or contract price alignment that is modified as a result of the discontinuation of the use of LIBOR as a benchmark interest rate due to reference rate reform. ASU 2021-01 is effective immediately for all entities with the option to apply retrospectively as of any date from the beginning of an interim period that includes or is subsequent to March 12, 2020, and can be applied prospectively to any new contract modifications made on or after January 7, 2021. The ASUs can be adopted no later than December 1, 2022 with early adoption permitted. The relief provided in this guidance is temporary and generally cannot be applied to contract modifications that occur after December 31, 2022 or hedging relationships entered into or evaluated after that date. However, the guidance does allow an entity to continue to apply certain optional expedients related to hedge accounting. The Company identified the instruments influenced by LIBOR to be its variable rate mortgage notes payable and interest rate cap agreements and is currently in the process of liaising with its lenders to assess the nature of potential changes to its variable rate mortgage notes payable and interest rate cap agreements and therefore determining whether it could meet the conditions of the practical expedients provided by the FASB and elect to not apply the modification accounting requirements to its contracts affected by the reference rate reform within the permitted period of December 31, 2022.
In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06, Debt—Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging— Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (“ASU 2020-06”). ASU 2020-06 addresses issues identified as a result of the complexity associated with applying GAAP for certain financial instruments with characteristics of liabilities and equity. For convertible instruments, ASU 2020-06 reduces the number of accounting models for convertible debt instruments and convertible preferred stock. ASU 2020-06 also enhances information transparency by making targeted improvements to the disclosures for convertible instruments and earnings per share guidance. ASU 2020-06 also amends the guidance for the derivatives scope exception for contracts in an entity’s own equity and amends the related earnings per share guidance. ASU 2020-06 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted but no earlier than fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The guidance in ASU 2020-06 can be applied through a modified retrospective method of transition or a fully retrospective method of transition. The Company is currently assessing the impact of ASU 2020-06 on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures from the adoption of ASU 2020-06.
20


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
In October 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-10, Codification Improvements (“ASU 2020-10”). ASU 2020-10 contains improvements to GAAP by ensuring that all guidance that requires or provides an option for an entity to provide information in the notes to financial statements is codified in the disclosure section of GAAP. ASU 2020-10 also contains codifications that are varied in nature and may affect the application of the guidance in cases in which the original guidance may have been unclear. ASU 2020-10 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. Early adoption is permitted. The Company adopted ASU 2020-10 on January 1, 2021. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
In November 2020, the SEC issued Release No. 33-10890, Amendments to Management’s Discussion and Analysis, Selected Financial Data, and Supplementary Financial Information, to simplify, modernize and enhance certain financial disclosure requirements in Regulation S-K. This amendment became effective on February 10, 2021. Early Adoption was permitted. The Company early adopted these modifications in its Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 12, 2021. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements.

3. Internalization Transaction
On August 31, 2020, the Operating Partnership and the Company completed the Internalization Transaction with SRI, which provided for the internalization of the Company’s external management functions provided by the Former Advisor and its affiliates.
Pursuant to the Contribution & Purchase Agreement between the Company, the Operating Partnership and SRI, SRI contributed to the Operating Partnership all of the membership interests in SRSH, and the assets and rights necessary to operate as a self-managed company in all material respects, and the liabilities associated with such assets and rights in exchange for $124,999,000, which was paid as follows: (1) $31,249,000 in cash consideration and (2) 6,155,613.92 Class B OP Units having the agreed value of $15.23 per Class B OP Unit. The Company also purchased all of the Class A Convertible Stock of the Company held by the Former Advisor for $1,000. As a result of the Internalization Transaction, the Company became self-managed and acquired the advisory, investment management and property management operations of the Former Advisor by hiring the Transferring Employees (as defined in the Contribution & Purchase Agreement), who comprise the workforce necessary for the management and day-to-day real estate and accounting operations of the Company and the Operating Partnership.
Fair Value of Consideration Transferred
The Company accounted for the Internalization Transaction as a business combination under the acquisition method of accounting. Pursuant to the terms of the Internalization Transaction, the following consideration was given in exchange for all of the membership interests in SRSH:
Amount
Cash consideration (1)
$31,249,000 
Class B OP Units issued6,155,613.92 
Fair value per Class B OP Unit$15.23 
Fair value of OP Unit Consideration93,750,000 
Promote price (2)
1,000 
Accounting value of total consideration$125,000,000 
21


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
_______________
(1)Represents the contractual cash consideration before adjustments to reflect affiliates assets acquired in the Internalization Transaction of $2,717,634 and affiliates liabilities assumed in the Internalization Transaction of $4,701,436.
(2)Represents the repurchase of Class A Convertible Stock by the Company.
Assets Acquired and Liabilities Assumed
The Internalization Transaction was accounted for as a business combination under the acquisition method of accounting under ASC 805, which requires, among other things, the assets acquired and liabilities assumed to be recognized at their fair values as of the acquisition date.

During the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company finalized the purchase price allocation of the fair value of consideration transferred (described above) for the Internalization Transaction. The following table summarizes the finalized purchase price allocation as of the date of the Internalization Transaction:
Amount
Assets:
Accounts receivable from affiliates$3,908,946 
Finance lease right-of-use asset20,925 
Other assets49,919 
Property management agreements intangibles(1)
815,000 
Operating lease right-of-use asset1,651,415 
Repurchase of Class A Convertible Stock1,000 
Goodwill125,220,448 
Total assets acquired131,667,653 
Liabilities:
Accrued personnel costs(4,995,313)
Finance lease liability(20,925)
Operating lease liability(1,651,415)
Total liabilities assumed(6,667,653)
Net assets acquired$125,000,000 
_______________
(1)The intangible assets acquired consist of property management agreements that the Company, acting as advisor and property manager through certain subsidiaries, has with affiliates of SRI (as amended from time to time, the “SRI Property Management Agreements”). The value of the SRI Property Management Agreements was determined based on a discounted cash flow valuation of the projected revenues of the acquired agreements. The SRI Property Management Agreements are subject to an estimated useful life of one year. As of June 30, 2021, the SRI Property Management Agreements were approximately 83% amortized.
Goodwill
In connection with the Internalization Transaction, the Company recorded goodwill of $125.2 million as a result of the consideration exceeding the fair value of the net assets acquired. Goodwill represents the estimated future benefits arising from other assets acquired that could not be individually identified and separately recognized. The goodwill recorded represents the Company’s acquired workforce and its ability to generate additional opportunities for revenue and raise additional funds.
22


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
Pro Forma Financial Information (unaudited)
The following condensed pro forma operating information is presented as if the Internalization Transaction and Mergers occurred in 2019 and had been included in operations as of January 1, 2019. The operations acquired in the Internalization Transaction earned $96.5 million in revenue in 2019, approximately $93.9 million of which was earned from the Company and will be eliminated in the Company’s consolidated financial statements on a post-acquisition basis, and approximately $2.5 million of which was earned pursuant to the SRI Property Management Agreements and will be recurring revenue to the Company resulting in an immaterial impact on the Company’s net loss of approximately $0.4 million.
The pro forma operating information excludes certain nonrecurring adjustments, such as acquisition fees and expenses incurred, to reflect the pro forma impact the acquisition would have on earnings on a continuous basis:
Year Ended December 31,
20202019
Revenue$303,851,813 $323,258,776 
Net income (loss)(1)(2)
$(109,151,163)$29,545,827 
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests$(5,759,798)$1,585,124 
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders(3)
$(103,391,365)$27,960,703 
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders per share - basic and diluted$(1.04)$0.26 
_______________
(1)The incremental cost of hiring the existing workforce responsible for the Company’s real estate management and operations of $17,906,923 and $17,742,481, was included in pro forma expenses in arriving at the pro forma net income (loss) for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The pro forma impact of the Internalization Transaction on the Company’s historical results of operations based on the historical net income of SRI and its affiliates was $19,083,158 for the year ended December 31, 2019.
(2)Contemporaneously with the Internalization Closing, the Company hired 634 employees, previously employed by SRI and its affiliates, to operate all of the assets necessary to operate the business of the Company.
(3)Amount is net of net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests and distributions to preferred shareholders.
23


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
4.         Real Estate
Current Period Acquisitions
During the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company acquired 1 multifamily real estate property, which was determined to be an asset acquisition. The following is a summary of the real estate property acquired during the six months ended June 30, 2021:
Purchase Price Allocation
Property NameLocationPurchase DateHomesLandBuildings and ImprovementsTenant Origination and Absorption CostsTotal Purchase Price
Ballpark Apartments at
  Town Madison
Huntsville, AL6/29/2021274 $3,773,236 $72,579,544 $1,113,905 $77,466,685 
As of June 30, 2021, the Company owned 70 multifamily properties and 3 parcels of land held for the development of apartment homes. The Company’s portfolio is comprised of 21,936 apartment homes, including 95 newly constructed apartment homes placed into service at the Garrison Station development project during the six months ended June 30, 2021.
The total acquisition price of the Company’s multifamily real estate portfolio was $3,224,081,403, excluding land held for the development of apartment homes of $30,288,753. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company’s portfolio was approximately 96.2% and 95.4% occupied and the average monthly rent was $1,198 and $1,173, respectively.
As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, investments in real estate and accumulated depreciation and amortization related to the Company’s consolidated real estate properties was as follows:
June 30, 2021
Assets
Land
Building and Improvements(1)
Tenant Origination and Absorption CostsTotal Real Estate Held for InvestmentReal Estate Under Development
Investments in real estate$343,297,680 $2,984,948,698 $1,682,900 $3,329,929,278 $30,288,753 
Less: Accumulated depreciation and
           amortization
(461,637,726)(97,751)(461,735,477)
Net investments in real estate and related lease intangibles$343,297,680 $2,523,310,972 $1,585,149 $2,868,193,801 $30,288,753 

December 31, 2020
Assets
Land
Building and Improvements(1)
Tenant Origination and Absorption CostsTotal Real Estate Held for InvestmentReal Estate Under Development
Investments in real estate$337,322,234 $2,882,411,683 $1,752,793 $3,221,486,710 $39,891,218 
Less: Accumulated depreciation and
           amortization
(397,413,838)(330,839)(397,744,677)
Net investments in real estate and related lease intangibles$337,322,234 $2,484,997,845 $1,421,954 $2,823,742,033 $39,891,218 
24


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
During the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, the Company wrote off $14,902,551 and $0, respectively, of fixed assets related to the damage caused to the Company’s multifamily properties impacted by the winter storm that took place in February 2021.
Total depreciation and amortization expenses were $33,277,511 and $67,152,017 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, and $53,455,666 and $82,031,561 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively.
Depreciation of the Company’s buildings and improvements was $32,708,712 and $65,752,765 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, and $33,315,155 and $56,066,977 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively. Depreciation of the Company’s acquired furniture and fixtures in the Internalization Transaction was $15,187 and $28,186 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, and $0 for each of the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively.
Amortization of the Company’s intangible assets was $553,612 and $1,371,066 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, and $20,140,511 and $25,964,584 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively.
Amortization of the Company’s tenant origination and absorption costs was $343,434 and $950,710 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, and $20,138,302 and $25,961,107 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively. Tenant origination and absorption costs had a weighted-average amortization period as of the date of acquisition of less than one year.
Amortization of the Company’s operating ROU assets was $3,367 and $6,734 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, and $2,209 and $3,477 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively. This represents the amortization of initial indirect costs included in the measurement of the operating ROU assets.
Amortization of the Company’s SRI Property Management Agreements was $206,811 and $413,622 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, and $0 for each of the three and six months ended June 30, 2020
Amortization of the Company’s other intangible assets, which consist of below-market leases, was $1,671 and $3,342 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and $1,671 and $2,594 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, and is included as an increase to rental income in the accompanying consolidated condensed statements of operations. Other intangible assets had a weighted-average amortization period as of the date of acquisition of ten years.
Operating Leases
As of June 30, 2021, the Company’s real estate portfolio comprised 21,936 residential apartment homes and was 98.1% leased by a diverse group of residents. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, the Company’s real estate portfolio earned in excess of 99% and less than 1% of its rental income from residential tenants and commercial tenants, respectively. The residential tenant lease terms typically consist of lease durations equal to 12 months or less. The commercial tenant leases consist of remaining lease durations varying from six to nine years.
Some residential leases contain provisions to extend the lease agreements, options for early termination after paying a specified penalty and other terms and conditions as negotiated. The Company retains substantially all of the risks and benefits of ownership of the real estate assets leased to residents. Generally, upon the execution of a lease, the Company requires security deposits from residents in the form of a cash deposit. Amounts required as security deposits vary depending upon the terms of the respective leases and the creditworthiness of the tenant, but generally are not significant amounts. Therefore, exposure to credit risk exists to the extent that a receivable from a tenant exceeds the amount of its security deposit. Security deposits received in cash related to tenant leases are included in accounts payables and accrued liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets and totaled $9,011,485 and $8,545,977 as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.


25


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
The future minimum rental receipts from the Company’s properties under non-cancelable operating leases attributable to commercial tenants as of June 30, 2021, and thereafter is as follows:
July 1 to December 31, 2021$149,501 
2022274,149 
2023280,777 
2024288,703 
2025296,860 
Thereafter1,059,469 
$2,349,459 
As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, 0 tenant represented over 10% of the Company’s annualized base rent and there were no significant industry concentrations with respect to its commercial leases.
Real Estate Under Development
During the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company owned the following parcels of land held for the development of apartment homes:
Development NameLocationPurchase DateLand Held for DevelopmentConstruction in ProgressTotal Carrying Value
Garrison Station (1)
Murfreesboro, TN5/30/2019$2,469,183 $9,879,800 $12,348,983 
Arista at BroomfieldBroomfield, CO3/13/20207,283,803 1,666,615 8,950,418 
FlatironsBroomfield, CO6/19/20208,574,704 414,649 8,989,353 
$18,327,690 $11,961,064 $30,288,754 
_______________
(1)The Company is developing Garrison Station, which consists of 9 residential buildings comprised of 176 apartment homes. During the six months ended June 30, 2021, 5 buildings comprised of 95 apartment homes were placed in service totaling $17,703,957, and are included in total real estate held for investment, net in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
Completion of Mergers
On March 6, 2020, pursuant to the terms and conditions of the SIR Merger Agreement and STAR III Merger Agreement (together the “Merger Agreements”), SIR Merger Sub and STAR III Merger Sub, the surviving entities, continued as wholly-owned subsidiaries of the Company. In accordance with the applicable provisions of the MGCL, the separate existence of SIR and STAR III ceased. The Combined Company retained the name “Steadfast Apartment REIT, Inc.” At the effective time of the Mergers, each issued and outstanding share of SIR and STAR III’s common stock (or a fraction thereof), each $0.01 par value per share, was converted into 0.5934 and 1.430 shares of the Company’s common stock, respectively.


26


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
The following table summarizes the purchase price of SIR and STAR III as of the date of the Mergers:
SIRSTAR III
Class A common stock issued and outstanding— 3,458,807 
Class R common stock issued and outstanding— 475,207 
Class T common stock issued and outstanding— 4,625,943 
Common stock issued and outstanding73,770,330 — 
Total common stock issued and outstanding73,770,330 8,559,957 
Exchange ratio0.5934 1.430 
STAR common stock issued as consideration(1)
43,775,314 12,240,739 
STAR’s estimated value per share at the time of Mergers$15.84 $15.84 
Value of STAR’s common stock issued as consideration$693,400,974 $193,893,305 
____________________
(1) Represents the number of shares of common stock of SIR and STAR III converted into shares of the Company’s common stock upon consummation of the Mergers.

The following table presents the purchase price allocation of SIR’s and STAR III’s identifiable assets and liabilities assumed as of the date of the Mergers:
SIRSTAR III
Assets:
Land$114,377,468 $58,056,275 
Buildings and improvements959,337,747 411,461,858 
Acquired intangibles27,027,759 10,041,373 
Other assets122,688,608 21,438,855 
Investment in unconsolidated joint venture22,128,691 
Total assets:$1,245,560,273 $500,998,361 
Liabilities:
Mortgage notes payable, net$(506,023,981)$(289,407,045)
Other liabilities(46,135,318)(17,698,011)
Total liabilities:$(552,159,299)$(307,105,056)
Fair value of net assets acquired$693,400,974 $193,893,305 
Capitalized Acquisition Costs Related to the Mergers
The SIR Merger and STAR III Merger were each accounted for as an asset acquisition. In accordance with the asset acquisition method of accounting, costs incurred to acquire the asset were capitalized as part of the acquisition price. Upon the execution of the Merger Agreements on August 5, 2019, the SIR Merger and STAR III Merger were considered probable of occurring, at which point the Company began to capitalize the merger related acquisition costs to building and improvements in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. Prior to such date, the merger related acquisition costs were expensed to general and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.


27


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)

5. Investment in Unconsolidated Joint Venture

On March 6, 2020, upon consummation of the SIR Merger, the Company acquired a 10% interest in BREIT Steadfast MF JV LP (the “Joint Venture”). On July 16, 2020 (the “JV Disposition Date”), the Company sold its joint venture interest for $19,278,280 to an affiliate of the general partner of the Joint Venture. The Company did not exercise significant influence, nor did it control the Joint Venture and had accounted for its former investment in the Joint Venture under the equity method of accounting. Income, losses, contributions and distributions were generally allocated based on the members’ respective equity interests.
The Company recognized an other-than-temporary impairment (“OTTI”) on its investment in the Joint Venture of $2,442,411 during the three months ended June 30, 2020. The OTTI was a result of the Company receiving an indication of value in connection with negotiating a sale of the Company’s joint venture interest at a disposition price that was less than the carrying value of the Joint Venture. The OTTI was included in equity in loss from unconsolidated joint venture on the Company’s consolidated statements of operations. In determining the fair value of the Joint Venture, the Company considered Level 3 inputs.
As of the JV Disposition Date, the book value of the Company’s investment in the Joint Venture was $18,955,478, which included an accounting outside basis difference of $8,067,010, net and capitalized transaction costs of $594,993, net. The accounting outside basis difference represented the difference between the purchase price the Company paid for its investment in the Joint Venture in connection with the SIR Merger and the book value of the Company’s equity in the Joint Venture as of the JV Disposition Date. The capitalized transaction costs relate to acquiring the interest in the Joint Venture through the consummation of the SIR Merger.
During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, $425,966 and $432,442, respectively, of amortization of the basis difference was included in equity in loss from unconsolidated joint venture on the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. The Company recorded the gain on sale of the investment in unconsolidated joint venture of $66,802 in equity in loss from unconsolidated joint venture on the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. The Company received distributions of $0 during each of the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and $242,700 and $360,700 during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, related to its investment in the Joint Venture, respectively.
Unaudited financial information for the Joint Venture for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, is summarized below:
Three Months Ended June 30, 2020Six Months Ended June 30, 2020
Revenues$15,900,071 $20,534,675 
Expenses(17,077,940)(21,999,716)
Other income179,573 179,573 
Net loss$(998,296)$(1,285,468)
Company’s proportional net loss$(99,830)$(128,547)
Amortization of outside basis(425,966)(432,442)
Impairment of unconsolidated joint venture(2,442,411)(2,442,411)
Equity in loss from unconsolidated joint venture$(2,968,207)$(3,003,400)




28


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
6.         Other Assets
As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, other assets consisted of:
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Prepaid expenses$1,867,500 $6,446,847 
SRI Property Management Agreements, net135,830 543,332 
Interest rate cap agreements (Note 14)21,255 7,852 
Other deposits853,917 649,470 
Corporate computers, net166,622 132,708 
Lease right-of-use assets, net (Note 15)(1)
1,609,503 2,145,505 
Other assets$4,654,627 $9,925,714 
____________________
(1) As of June 30, 2021, lease ROU assets, net included finance lease ROU asset, net of $10,725 and operating ROU assets, net of $1,598,778. As of December 31, 2020, lease ROU assets, net included finance lease ROU asset, net of $16,845 and operating ROU assets, net of $2,128,660.
Amortization of the Company’s SRI Property Management Agreements was $206,811 and $413,622 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, and $0 for each of the three and six months ended June 30, 2020.
Amortization of the Company’s initial indirect costs included in the measurement of the operating ROU assets for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, was $3,367 and $6,734, respectively. Amortization of the Company’s initial indirect costs included in the measurement of the operating ROU assets for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, was $2,209 and $3,477, respectively. See Note 15 (Leases) for details.
7.         Debt
Mortgage Notes Payable
The following is a summary of mortgage notes payable, net, secured by individual properties as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
June 30, 2021
Interest Rate RangeWeighted Average Interest Rate
TypeNumber of InstrumentsMaturity Date RangeMinimumMaximumPrincipal Outstanding
Variable rate(1)
410/16/2022 - 1/1/20271-Mo LIBOR + 1.88%1-Mo LIBOR + 2.31%2.22%$121,210,315 
Fixed rate4210/1/2022 - 10/1/20563.19%4.66%3.85%1,270,499,536 
Mortgage notes payable, gross463.71%1,391,709,851 
Premiums and discounts, net(2)
2,968,685 
Deferred financing costs, net(3)
(6,081,617)
Mortgage notes payable, net$1,388,596,919 
29


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
December 31, 2020
Interest Rate RangeWeighted Average Interest Rate
TypeNumber of InstrumentsMaturity Date RangeMinimumMaximumPrincipal Outstanding
Variable rate(1)
410/16/2022 - 1/1/20271-Mo LIBOR + 1.88%1-Mo LIBOR +2.31%2.27%$113,452,357 
Fixed rate4210/1/2022 - 10/1/20563.19%4.66%3.85%1,273,877,535 
Mortgage notes payable, gross463.72%1,387,329,892 
Premiums and discount, net(2)
3,809,734 
Deferred financing costs, net(3)
(6,756,841)
Mortgage notes payable, net$1,384,382,785 
________________
(1)    See Note 14 (Derivative Financial Instruments) for a discussion of the interest rate cap agreements used to manage the exposure to interest rate movement on the Company’s variable rate loans.
(2) The following table summarizes debt premiums and discounts as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, including the unamortized portion included in the principal balance as well as amounts amortized included in interest expense in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations:
Net Debt Premium (Discount) before Amortization as of June 30, 2021Amortization of Debt (Premium) Discount During the Six Months Ended June 30, 2021Unamortized Net Debt Premium (Discount) as of June 30, 2021
$15,375,305 $(2,949,400)$12,425,905 
(10,179,526)722,306 (9,457,220)
$5,195,779 $(2,227,094)$2,968,685 

Net Debt Premium (Discount) before Amortization as of December 31, 2020Amortization of Debt (Premium) Discount During the Year Ended December 31, 2020Unamortized Net Debt Premium (Discount) as of December 31, 2020
$15,375,305 $(1,836,575)$13,538,730 
(10,179,526)450,530 (9,728,996)
$5,195,779 $(1,386,045)$3,809,734 
(3)    Accumulated amortization related to deferred financing costs as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 was $4,170,407 and $3,495,183, respectively.
Construction loan
On October 16, 2019, the Company entered into an agreement with PNC Bank, National Association (“PNC Bank”) for a construction loan related to the Garrison Station development project in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed $19,800,000 for a 36 month initial term and 2 12 month mini-perm extensions. The rate of interest on the construction loan is daily LIBOR plus 2.00%, which then reduces to daily LIBOR plus 1.80% upon achieving completion as defined in the construction loan agreement and at a debt service coverage ratio of 1.15x. The loan includes a 0.4% fee at closing, a 0.1% fee upon exercising the mini-perm and a 0.1% fee upon extending the mini-perm, each payable to PNC Bank. There is an exit fee of 0.1% which will be waived if permanent financing is secured through PNC Bank or one of its affiliates. As of June 30, 2021
30


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
and December 31, 2020, the principal outstanding balance on the construction loan was $14,831,682 and $6,264,549, respectively, and was included within mortgage notes payable, net on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
Credit Facilities
Master Credit Facility
On July 31, 2018, 16 indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries of the Company entered into a Master Credit Facility Agreement (“MCFA”) with Newmark Group, Inc., formerly Berkeley Point Capital, LLC (“Facility Lender”) for an aggregate principal amount of $551,669,000. On February 11, 2020, in connection with the financing of Patina Flats at the Foundry, the Company and the Facility Lender amended the MCFA to substitute Patina Flats at the Foundry and Fielders Creek, the then-unencumbered multifamily property owned by the Company, as substitute collateral for the three multifamily properties disposed of and released from the MCFA. The Company also increased its outstanding borrowings pursuant to the MCFA by $40,468,000, a portion of which was attributable to the acquisition of Patina Flats at the Foundry. The MCFA provides for 4 tranches: (1) a fixed rate loan in the aggregate principal amount of $331,001,400 that accrues interest at 4.43% per annum; (2) a fixed rate loan in the aggregate principal amount of $137,917,250 that accrues interest at 4.57% per annum; (3) a variable rate loan in the aggregate principal amount of $82,750,350 that accrues interest at the one-month LIBOR plus 1.70% per annum; and (4) a fixed rate loan in the aggregate principal amount of $40,468,000 that accrues interest at 3.34% per annum. The first three tranches have a maturity date of August 1, 2028, and the fourth tranche has a maturity date of March 1, 2030, unless in each case the maturity date is accelerated in accordance with the terms of the loan documents. Interest only payments are payable monthly through August 1, 2025 and April 1, 2027 on the first three tranches and fourth tranche, respectively, with interest and principal payments due monthly thereafter.
PNC Master Credit Facility
On June 17, 2020, the Company, through 7 indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries (each, a “Borrower” and collectively, the “Borrowers”), entered into a Master Credit Facility Agreement (the “PNC MCFA”), a fixed rate Multifamily Note and a variable rate Multifamily Note (collectively, the “Notes”) and the other loan documents for the benefit of PNC Bank. The PNC MCFA provides for 2 tranches: (1) a fixed rate loan in the aggregate principal amount of $79,170,000 that accrues interest at 2.82% per annum; and (2) a variable rate loan in the aggregate principal amount of $79,170,000 that accrues interest at the one-month LIBOR plus 2.135% per annum. If LIBOR is no longer posted through electronic transmission, is no longer available or, in PNC Bank’s determination, is no longer widely accepted or has been replaced as the index for similar financial instruments, PNC Bank will choose a new index taking into account general comparability to LIBOR and other factors, including any adjustment factor to preserve the relative economic positions of the Borrowers and PNC Bank with respect to any advances made pursuant to the PNC MCFA. The Company paid $633,360 in the aggregate in loan origination fees to PNC Bank in connection with the financings, and paid the Former Advisor a loan coordination fee of $791,700.
Revolving Credit Loan Facility
On June 26, 2020, the Company entered into a revolving credit loan facility (the “Revolver”) with PNC Bank in an amount not to exceed $65,000,000. The Revolver provides for advances (each, a “Revolver Loan”) solely for the purpose of financing costs in connection with acquisitions and development of real estate projects and for general corporate purposes (subject to certain debt service and loan to value requirements). The Revolver has a maturity date of June 26, 2023, subject to extension. Advances made under the Revolver are secured by the Landings of Brentwood property, as evidenced by the Loan Agreement, the Credit Facility Notes (the “Notes”), the Deed of Trust and a Guaranty from the Company (the “Guaranty,” together with the Loan Agreement and the Notes, the “Loan Documents”).
The Company has the option to select the interest rate in respect of the outstanding unpaid principal amount of each Revolver Loan from the following options: (1) a fluctuating rate per annum equal to the sum of the daily LIBOR rate plus the daily LIBOR rate spread or (2) a fluctuating rate per annum equal to the base rate plus the alternate rate spread. NaN amounts were outstanding on the Revolver at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.

31


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the advances obtained and certain financing costs incurred under the MCFA, PNC MCFA and the Revolver, which are included in credit facilities, net, in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets, are summarized in the following table.
Amount of Advance as of
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Principal balance on MCFA, gross$592,137,000 $592,137,000 
Principal balance on PNC MCFA, gross158,340,000 158,340,000 
Deferred financing costs, net on MCFA(1)
(3,202,518)(3,436,850)
Deferred financing costs, net on PNC MCFA(2)
(1,599,176)(1,689,935)
Deferred financing costs, net on Revolver(3)
(390,079)(487,329)
Credit facilities, net$745,285,227 $744,862,886 
_______________
(1)    Accumulated amortization related to deferred financing costs in respect of the MCFA as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, was $1,532,597 and $1,298,265, respectively.
(2)    Accumulated amortization related to deferred financing costs in respect of the PNC MCFA as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, was $190,042 and $99,283, respectively.
(3)    Accumulated amortization related to deferred financing costs in respect of the Revolver as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, was $198,799 and $101,549, respectively.
Assumed Debt as a Result of the Completion of Mergers
On March 6, 2020, upon consummation of the Mergers, the Company assumed all of SIR’s and STAR III’s obligations under the outstanding mortgage loans secured by 29 properties. The Company recognized the fair value of the assumed notes payable in the Mergers of $795,431,027, which consists of the assumed principal balance of $791,020,471 and a net premium of $4,410,556.

The following is a summary of the terms of the assumed loans on the date of the Mergers:
Interest Rate Range
TypeNumber of InstrumentsMaturity Date RangeMinimumMaximumPrincipal Outstanding At Merger Date
Variable rate21/1/2027 - 9/1/20271-Mo LIBOR + 2.195%1-Mo LIBOR + 2.31%$64,070,000 
Fixed rate2710/1/2022 - 10/1/20563.19%4.66%726,950,471 
Assumed Principal Mortgage
   Notes Payable
29$791,020,471 


32


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
Maturity and Interest
The following is a summary of the Company’s aggregate maturities as of June 30, 2021:
Maturities During the Years Ending December 31,
Contractual ObligationsTotalRemainder of 20212022202320242025Thereafter
Principal payments on outstanding debt (1)
$2,142,186,851 $4,475,904 $49,688,647 $60,661,183 $58,178,998 $197,591,629 $1,771,590,490 
________________
(1)    Scheduled principal payments on outstanding debt obligations are based on the terms of the notes payable agreements. Amounts exclude deferred financing costs, net and debt premiums (discounts), net associated with the notes payable.
The Company’s notes payable contain customary financial and non-financial debt covenants. At June 30, 2021, the Company was in compliance with all debt covenants.
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company incurred interest expense of $20,087,353 and $39,895,031, respectively. Interest expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, includes amortization of deferred financing costs totaling $548,784 and $1,097,565, net unrealized loss (gain) from the change in fair value of interest rate cap agreements of $9,617 and $(1,203), amortization of net loan premiums and discounts of $(423,160) and $(841,049), capitalized interest of $244,822 and $560,066, credit facility commitment fees of $31,417 and $65,991, and imputed interest on the finance lease portion of the sublease of $86 and $193. The capitalized interest is included in real estate held for development on the consolidated balance sheets.
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company incurred interest expense of $19,715,318 and $34,106,272, respectively. Interest expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, includes amortization of deferred financing costs of $482,406 and $809,876, net unrealized loss from the change in fair value of interest rate cap agreements of $24,943 and $27,194, amortization of net loan premiums and discounts of $(413,858) and $(528,440) and costs associated with the refinance of debt of $11,484 and $42,881, net of capitalized interest of $193,049 and $262,619, respectively. The capitalized interest is included in real estate held for development on the consolidated balance sheets.
Interest expense of $6,586,461 and $6,806,695 was payable as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, and is included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
8.        Stockholders’ Equity
 General
Pursuant to the Company’s Articles of Amendment and Restatement (as supplemented, the “Charter”), the total number of shares of capital stock authorized for issuance is 1,100,000,000 shares, consisting of 999,998,000 shares of common stock with a par value of $0.01 per share, 1,000 shares of Class A non-participating, non-voting convertible stock with a par value of $0.01 per share, 1,000 shares of non-participating, non-voting convertible stock with a par value of $0.01 per share and 100,000,000 shares of preferred stock with a par value of $0.01 per share.
Common Stock
The shares of the Company’s common stock entitle the holders to 1 vote per share on all matters upon which stockholders are entitled to vote, to receive dividends and other distributions as authorized by the Company’s board of directors in accordance with the MGCL and to all rights of a stockholder pursuant to the MGCL. The common stock has no preferences or preemptive, conversion or exchange rights.
On September 3, 2013, the Company issued 13,500 shares of common stock to SRI, the Company’s former sponsor, for $202,500. From inception through March 24, 2016, the date of the termination of the Primary Offering, the Company had
33


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
issued 48,625,651 shares of common stock in its Public Offering for offering proceeds of $640,012,497, including 1,011,561 shares of common stock issued pursuant to the DRP for total proceeds of $14,414,752, net of offering costs of $84,837,134. The offering costs primarily consisted of selling commissions and dealer manager fees paid in the Primary Offering. Following the termination of the Public Offering, the Company continues to offer shares pursuant to the DRP.
As of June 30, 2021, the Company had issued 112,167,095 shares of common stock for offering proceeds of $1,640,901,685, including 8,537,015 shares of common stock issued pursuant to the DRP and 56,016,053 shares of common stock issued in connection with the Mergers (described below), for total DRP proceeds of $128,009,661, net of offering costs of $84,837,134. The offering costs primarily consisted of selling commissions and dealer manager fees paid in the Primary Offering. On March 6, 2020, the Company issued 43,775,314 shares of its common stock to SIR’s stockholders and 12,240,739 shares of its common stock to STAR III’s stockholders in connection with the Mergers.
As further discussed in Note 11 (Incentive Award Plan and Independent Director Compensation), the shares of restricted common stock granted to the Company’s independent directors prior to the Internalization Transaction, vest and become non-forfeitable in four equal annual installments beginning on the date of grant and ending on the third anniversary of the date of grant. On September 15, 2020, the Company’s board of directors approved an amendment to the independent directors’ compensation plan, pursuant to which, each of the Company’s current independent directors is entitled to receive an annual retainer of $75,000 in cash and $75,000 in shares of restricted common stock upon election or re-election to the Company’s board of directors. The shares of restricted common stock granted pursuant to the Company’s independent directors’ compensation plan generally vest in two equal annual installments beginning on the first anniversary of the date of grant and ending on the second anniversary of the date of grant; provided, however, that the restricted stock will become fully vested on the earlier to occur of: (1) the termination of the independent director’s service as a director due to his or her death or disability, or (2) a change in control of the Company.
The issuance and vesting activity for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and year ended December 31, 2020, for the restricted stock issued to the Company’s independent directors were as follows:
Six Months Ended June 30, 2021Year Ended December 31, 2020
Nonvested shares at the beginning of the period33,369 7,497 
Granted shares31,288 
Vested shares(1,667)(5,416)
Nonvested shares at the end of the period31,702 33,369 
Additionally, the weighted average fair value of restricted common stock issued to the Company’s independent directors for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and year ended December 31, 2020 was as follows:
Grant YearWeighted Average Fair Value
2020$15.36 
2021N/A
Included in general and administrative expenses is $63,168 and $126,336 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, and $20,928 and $63,383 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, for compensation expense related to the issuance of restricted common stock. As of June 30, 2021, the compensation expense related to the issuance of the restricted common stock not yet recognized was $339,830. The weighted average remaining term of the restricted common stock was approximately 0.9 years as of June 30, 2021. As of June 30, 2021, 0 shares of restricted common stock issued to the independent directors have been forfeited.

34


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
Issuance of Restricted Stock Awards to Key Employees
2020 Restricted Stock Awards
In connection with the Internalization Transaction, on September 1, 2020, certain key employees of the Company were issued restricted stock grants under the terms of the Company’s Amended and Restated 2013 Incentive Plan (the “Incentive Award Plan”), which grants had been approved by the board of directors and the special committee formed for the purpose of reviewing, considering, investigating, evaluating, proposing and negotiating the Mergers (the “Special Committee”). The grants to the key employees of the Company were made pursuant to a restricted stock grant agreement. The grants vest 50% on the second anniversary of the grant date and 50% on the third anniversary of the grant date (collectively, the “2020 Restricted Stock Awards”).
The 2020 Restricted Stock Award provides that vesting is subject to the key employee’s continued employment with the Company through each applicable vesting date, except in the event of death or disability, in which case, any unvested portion of the awards will become fully vested. In addition, the Restricted Stock Award provides the key employee with rights as a stockholder in respect of the awards’ vested and unvested shares, including the right to vote and the right to dividends.
In the event of a termination of a key employee’s employment by the Company without cause or by the key employee for good reason within 12 months following a change in control, any unvested portion of the 2020 Restricted Stock Award will become fully vested at the time of such termination, provided that if the 2020 Restricted Stock Award is unvested at the time of a change in control of the Company and is not assumed or substituted for equivalent awards as part of the change in control transaction, the 2020 Restricted Stock Awards will become fully vested at the time of the change in control transaction. The fair value of grants issued was approximately $2,850,000.
2021 Restricted Stock Awards
Pursuant to employment agreements with key employees, on March 15, 2021, the Company granted key employees an award of time-based restricted stock (the “Time-Based 2021 Award”) with a total grant date fair value of $1,512,000 subject to the terms of the Incentive Award Plan. The Time-Based 2021 Awards vest ratably over three years following the grant date, subject to the key employee’s continuous employment through the applicable vesting dates, with certain exceptions.
Total compensation expense related to the 2020 Restricted Stock Awards and the Time-Based 2021 Award for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 was $363,507 and $624,046, respectively, and was included in general and administrative costs on the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. As of June 30, 2021, the compensation expense related to the issuance of the restricted common stock to the key employees not yet recognized was $3,421,278. The weighted average remaining term of the restricted common stock issued to the Company’s key employees was approximately 1.7 years as of June 30, 2021. As of June 30, 2021, 0 shares of restricted common stock issued to the Company’s key employees have been forfeited.
Investment Management Fee Paid to Former Advisor in Shares
Following the completion of the Mergers on March 6, 2020 and until the Internalization Closing, and pursuant to the Advisory Agreement, the Company paid the Former Advisor a monthly investment management fee, payable 50% in cash and 50% in shares of the Company’s common stock at the estimated value per share at the time of issuance. The shares of common stock fully vested and became non-forfeitable upon payment of the monthly investment management fee. The fair value of the vested common stock at the date of issuance, using the then-most recent publicly disclosed estimated value per share, was recorded in stockholders’ equity in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. NaN investment management fees were incurred in shares for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021. Investment management fees of $4,316,774 and $5,504,125 were incurred in shares for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively.
Convertible Stock and Class A Convertible Stock
Prior to the completion of the Mergers on March 6, 2020, the Company’s then-outstanding Convertible Stock would have been converted into shares of the Company’s common stock if and when: (A) the Company had made total distributions on the then-outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock equal to the original issue price of those shares plus an aggregate 6.0% cumulative, non-compounded, annual return on the original issue price of those shares, (B) the Company listed its
35


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
common stock for trading on a national securities exchange, or (C) the Company’s Advisory Agreement was terminated or not renewed (other than for “cause” as defined in the Advisory Agreement). In the event of a termination or non-renewal of the Advisory Agreement for cause, all of the shares of the Convertible Stock would have been repurchased by the Company for $1.00. In general, each share of Convertible Stock would convert into a number of shares of common stock equal to 1/1000 of the quotient of (A) 15% of the excess of (1) the Company’s “enterprise value” plus the aggregate value of distributions paid to date on the then outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock over (2) the aggregate purchase price paid by stockholders for those outstanding shares of common stock plus an aggregated 6.0% cumulative, non-compounded, annual return on the original issue price of those outstanding shares, divided by (B) the Company’s enterprise value divided by the number of outstanding shares of common stock on an as-converted basis, in each case calculated as of the date of the conversion.
In connection with the Mergers, the Company and the Former Advisor exchanged the then-outstanding Convertible Stock for new Class A Convertible Stock. The Class A Convertible Stock would have been converted into shares of the Company’s common stock if (1) the Company had made total distributions of money or other property to its stockholders or by SIR and STAR III to their respective holders of common shares (with respect to SIR and STAR III, including in each case distributions paid to SIR and STAR III stockholders prior to the closing of the Mergers), which the Company refers to collectively as the “Class A Distributions,” equal to the sum of the original issue price of the Company’s shares of common stock, shares of common stock of SIR and shares of common stock of STAR III (the “Common Equity”), plus an aggregate 6.0% cumulative, non-compounded, annual return on the original issue price of those shares, (2) the Company listed its common stock for trading on a national securities exchange or entered into a merger whereby holders of the Company’s common stock receive listed securities of another issuer or (3) the Company’s Advisory Agreement was terminated or not renewed (other than for “cause” as defined in the Advisory Agreement), each of the above is referred to as a “Triggering Event.” Upon any of these Triggering Events, each share of Class A Convertible Stock would have been converted into a number of shares of the Company’s common stock equal to 1/1000 of the quotient of (A) 15% of the amount, if any, by which (i) the “Class A Enterprise Value” plus the aggregate value of the Class A Distributions paid to date on the Common Equity exceeded (ii) the aggregate purchase price paid by stockholders for the Common Equity plus an aggregated 6.0% cumulative, non-compounded, annual return on the original issue price of the Common Equity as of the date of the Triggering Event, divided by (B) the Class A Enterprise Value divided by the number of the Company’s outstanding common shares on an as-converted basis as of the date of Triggering Event.
As discussed in Note 1 (Organization and Business), in connection with the Internalization Transaction, the Company purchased all of the Class A Convertible Stock from the Former Advisor for $1,000.
Preferred Stock
The Charter provides the Company’s board of directors with the authority to issue 1 or more classes or series of preferred stock, and prior to the issuance of such shares of preferred stock, the board of directors shall have the power from time to time to classify or reclassify, in one or more series, any unissued shares and designate the preferences, rights and privileges of such shares of preferred stock. The Company’s board of directors is authorized to amend the Charter without the approval of the stockholders to increase the aggregate number of authorized shares of capital stock or the number of shares of any class or series that the Company has authority to issue. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, 0 shares of the Company’s preferred stock were issued and outstanding.
Distribution Reinvestment Plan
The Company’s board of directors has approved the DRP through which common stockholders may elect to reinvest an amount equal to the distributions declared on their shares of common stock in additional shares of the Company’s common stock in lieu of receiving cash distributions. The purchase price per share under the DRP initially was $14.25. On March 9, 2021 and April 17, 2020, the Company’s board of directors approved a price per share for the DRP of $15.55 and $15.23, effective April 1, 2021 and May 1, 2020, respectively, in connection with the determination of an estimated value per share of the Company’s common stock.
The Company’s board of directors may again, in its sole discretion, from time to time, change this price based upon changes in the Company’s estimated value per share and other factors that the Company’s board of directors deems relevant.
36


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
NaN sales commissions or dealer manager fees are payable on shares sold through the DRP. The Company’s board of directors may amend, suspend or terminate the DRP at its discretion at any time upon 10 days notice to the Company’s stockholders. Following any termination of the DRP, all subsequent distributions to stockholders will be made in cash.
Share Repurchase Plan and Redeemable Common Stock
The Company’s share repurchase plan may provide an opportunity for stockholders to have their shares of common stock repurchased by the Company, subject to certain restrictions and limitations. NaN shares can be repurchased under the Company’s share repurchase plan until after the first anniversary of the date of purchase of such shares; provided, however, that this holding period shall not apply to repurchases requested within two years after the death or disability of a stockholder.
In connection with the announcement of the then-proposed Mergers, on August 5, 2019, the Company’s board of directors approved the Amended and Restated Share Repurchase Plan (the “Amended & Restated SRP”), which became effective September 5, 2019, and applied with repurchases made on the repurchase dates subsequent to the effective date of the Amended & Restated SRP. Under the Amended & Restated SRP, the Company only repurchased shares of common stock in connection with the death or qualifying disability (as defined in the Amended and Restated SRP) of a stockholder. Repurchases pursuant to the Amended & Restated SRP were limited to $2,000,000 per quarter.
On March 3, 2020, in connection with the closing of the Mergers, the Company’s board of directors amended the Amended & Restated SRP to: (1) allow all stockholders to request repurchases (as opposed to death and disability only), (2) limit the amount of shares repurchased pursuant to the Amended & Restated SRP each quarter to $4,000,000 and (3) set the repurchase price in all instances (including death and disability) to an amount equal to 93% of the most recent publicly disclosed estimated value per share. The $4,000,000 quarterly limit was first in effect on the repurchase date at April 30, 2020, with respect to repurchases for the three months ended March 31, 2020, but was limited to death and disability only. The Amended & Restated SRP was open to all repurchase requests beginning April 1, 2020.
On January 12, 2021, the board of directors further amended the Amended & Restated SRP. The amendment (1) limits repurchase requests to death and qualifying disability only and (2) sets a $3,000,000 per calendar quarter limit on the amount of repurchases by the Company. The amendment took effect 30 days from January 14, 2021, and was in effect on April 30, 2021, the Repurchase Date (as defined below), with respect to repurchases for the fiscal quarter ending March 31, 2021. Share requests that do not meet the requirements for death and disability were cancelled (including any requests received during the first fiscal quarter of 2021). As of June 30, 2021, the share repurchase price was $14.46 per share, which represented 93% of the most recently published estimated value per share of $15.55.
Prior to the March 3, 2020 amendments (described above), the share repurchase price was further reduced based on how long the stockholder had held the shares as follows:
Share Purchase Anniversary 
Repurchase Price on Repurchase Date(1)
Less than 1 year NaN Repurchase Allowed
1 year 
92.5% of the Share Repurchase Price(2)
2 years 
95.0% of the Share Repurchase Price(2)
3 years 
97.5% of the Share Repurchase Price(2)
4 years 
100% of the Share Repurchase Price(2)
In the event of a stockholder’s death or disability(3)
 
Average Issue Price for Shares(4)
________________
(1)     As adjusted for any stock dividends, combinations, splits, recapitalizations or any similar transaction with respect to the shares of common stock. Repurchase price includes the full amount paid for each share, including all sales commissions and dealer manager fees.
(2) The “Share Repurchase Price” equaled 93% of the most recently publicly disclosed estimated value per share determined by the Company’s board of directors.
37


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
(3)    The required one year holding period did not apply to repurchases requested within two years after the death or disability of a stockholder.
(4)    The purchase price per share for shares repurchased upon the death or disability of a stockholder was equal to the average issue price per share for all of the stockholder’s shares.
The purchase price per share for shares repurchased pursuant to the Amended & Restated SRP is further reduced by the aggregate amount of net proceeds per share, if any, distributed to the Company’s stockholders prior to the Repurchase Date (defined below) as a result of the sale of one or more of the Company’s assets that constitutes a return of capital as a result of such sales.
Repurchases of shares of the Company’s common stock are made quarterly upon written request to the Company at least 15 days prior to the end of the applicable quarter. Repurchase requests are honored approximately 30 days following the end of the applicable quarter (“Repurchase Date”). Stockholders may withdraw their repurchase request at any time up to three business days prior to the Repurchase Date.
The Company is not obligated to repurchase shares of its common stock under the Amended & Restated SRP. In no event shall repurchases under the Amended & Restated SRP exceed 5% of the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the prior calendar year or the $3,000,000 limit for any quarter put in place by the Company’s board of directors. There is no fee in connection with a repurchase of shares of the Company’s common stock pursuant to the Amended & Restated SRP. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had recorded $2,705,142 and $4,000,000, respectively, which represents 187,078 and 282,477 (pursuant to the Amended & Restated SRP) shares of common stock, respectively, in accounts payable and accrued liabilities on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets related to these unfulfilled repurchase requests.
During the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company repurchased a total of 159,168 and 441,645 shares with a total repurchase value of $2,301,563 and $6,301,563, and received requests for repurchases of 187,078 and 345,303 shares with a total repurchase value of $2,705,142 and $4,993,073, respectively.
During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company repurchased a total of 149,049 and 202,201 shares with a total repurchase value of $2,110,538 and $2,907,827, and received requests for the repurchase of 2,664,719 and 2,813,768 shares with a total repurchase value of $37,732,417 and $39,842,954, respectively.
The Company cannot guarantee that the funds set aside for the Amended & Restated SRP will be sufficient to accommodate all repurchase requests made in any quarter. In the event that the Company does not have sufficient funds available to repurchase all of the shares of the Company’s common stock for which repurchase requests have been submitted for death and disability, repurchase requests will be paid on a pro rata basis up to the $3,000,000 quarterly cap.
The Company’s board of directors may, in its sole discretion, amend, suspend or terminate the Amended & Restated SRP at any time upon 30 days’ notice to its stockholders if it determines that the funds available to fund the Amended & Restated SRP are needed for other business or operational purposes or that amendment, suspension or termination of the Amended & Restated SRP is in the best interest of the Company’s stockholders. Therefore, a stockholder may not have the opportunity to make a repurchase request prior to any potential termination or suspension of the Amended & Restated SRP. The Amended & Restated SRP will terminate in the event that a secondary market develops for the Company’s shares of common stock.
Distributions
The Company’s long-term goal is to pay distributions solely from cash flow from operations. However, because the Company may receive income from interest or rents at various times during the Company’s fiscal year and because the Company may need cash flow from operations during a particular period to fund capital expenditures and other expenses, the Company expects that at times during the Company’s operational stage, the Company will declare distributions in anticipation of cash flow that the Company expects to receive during a later period, and the Company expects to pay these distributions in advance of its actual receipt of these funds. The Company’s board of directors has the authority under its organizational documents, to the extent permitted by Maryland law, to fund distributions from sources such as borrowings, offering proceeds or advances. The Company has not established a limit on the amount of proceeds it may use to fund distributions from sources
38


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
other than cash flow from operations. If the Company pays distributions from sources other than cash flow from operations, the Company will have fewer funds available and stockholders’ overall return on their investment in the Company may be reduced.
To maintain the Company’s qualification as a REIT, the Company must make aggregate annual distributions to its stockholders of at least 90% of its REIT taxable income (which is computed without regard to the dividends-paid deduction or net capital gain and which does not necessarily equal net income as calculated in accordance with GAAP). If the Company meets the REIT qualification requirements, the Company generally will not be subject to federal income tax on the income that the Company distributes to its stockholders each year.
Distributions Declared and Paid
The Company’s board of directors approved a cash distribution that accrued at a rate of $0.002466 per day for each share of the Company’s common stock during the month ended January 31, 2021, which, if paid over a 365-day period is equivalent to $0.90 per share. On January 12, 2021, the Company’s board of directors approved a cash distribution that accrues at a rate of $0.001438 per day for each share of the Company’s common stock for the period commencing on February 1, 2021 and ending on February 28, 2021, which was extended for the months of March, April, May, June and July, 2021, and which, if paid over a 365-day period is equivalent to $0.525 per share. The distributions declared accrue daily to stockholders of record as of the close of business on each day and are payable in cumulative amounts on or before the third day of each calendar month with respect to the prior month. There is no guarantee that the Company will continue to pay distributions at this rate or at all.
The following tables reflect distributions declared and paid to common stockholders and Class A-2 and Class B OP Unit holders (the “Noncontrolling Interest OP Unit Holders”) for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020:
Three Months Ended June 30, 2021Six Months Ended June 30, 2021
Common StockholdersNoncontrolling Interest OP Unit HoldersTotalCommon StockholdersNoncontrolling Interest OP Unit HoldersTotal
DRP distributions declared (in shares)198,278— 198,278 448,840 — 448,840 
DRP distributions declared (value)$3,083,215 $— $3,083,215 $6,899,269 $— $6,899,269 
Cash distributions declared11,342,530929,900 12,272,430 25,289,682 2,075,906 27,365,588 
Total distributions declared$14,425,745 $929,900 $15,355,645 $32,188,951 $2,075,906 $34,264,857 
DRP distributions paid (in shares)199,903— 199,903 501,978 — 501,978 
DRP distributions paid (value)$3,108,489 $— $3,108,489 $7,709,092 $— $7,709,092 
Cash distributions paid11,472,032940,119 12,412,151 28,113,767 2,310,906 30,424,673 
Total distributions paid$14,580,521 $940,119 $15,520,640 $35,822,859 $2,310,906 $38,133,765 
39


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended June 30, 2020Six Months Ended June 30, 2020
Common StockholdersNoncontrolling Interest OP Unit HoldersTotalCommon StockholdersNoncontrolling Interest OP Unit HoldersTotal
DRP distributions declared (in shares)352,192— 352,192 676,428 — 676,428 
DRP distributions declared (value)$5,363,890 $— $5,363,890 $10,499,787 $— $10,499,787 
Cash distributions declared19,061,204163,314 19,224,518 29,316,841 163,314 29,480,155 
Total distributions declared$24,425,094 $163,314 $24,588,408 $39,816,628 $163,314 $39,979,942 
DRP distributions paid (in shares)349,989— 349,989 670,958 — 670,958 
DRP distributions paid (value)$5,399,458 $— $5,399,458 $10,483,613 $— $10,483,613 
Cash distributions paid19,150,001163,314 19,313,315 25,866,713 163,314 26,030,027 
Total distributions paid$24,549,459 $163,314 $24,712,773 $36,350,326 $163,314 $36,513,640 
As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, $5,063,063 and $8,931,971 of distributions declared were payable, which included $1,011,758 and $1,821,581, or 65,065 shares and 119,605 shares of common stock, attributable to the DRP, respectively.
As reflected in the table above, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, the Company paid total distributions of $15,520,640, $38,133,765, $24,712,773 and $36,513,640, respectively.
9.        Noncontrolling Interest
Noncontrolling interests represent operating partnership interests in the Operating Partnership of which the Company is the general partner.
Class A-2 Operating Partnership Units
Class A-2 OP Units were issued as part of the consideration to purchase VV&M Apartments. STAR III OP, the Company’s then-indirect subsidiary, agreed to acquire the 310 unit multifamily property located in Dallas, Texas known as VV&M Apartments for an aggregate purchase price of $59,250,000, pursuant to the terms of a Contribution Agreement, dated as of March 20, 2020 (the “Contribution Agreement”), by and among STAR III OP, as Purchaser, and VV&M. On April 21, 2020 (the “VV&M Closing Date”), VV&M contributed the VV&M Apartments to STAR III OP, and STAR III OP issued 948,785 Class A-2 OP Units at an estimated value per unit of $15.23, the fair value determined at the date of transaction, or $14,450,000 in the aggregate, to VV&M, all in accordance with the Contribution Agreement.
On the VV&M Closing Date, STAR III OP and VV&M entered into the Second A&R Partnership Agreement. The Second A&R Partnership Agreement allows for VV&M to request STAR III OP to: (1) repurchase the outstanding Class A-2 OP Units after five years from the VV&M Closing Date (the “Put”), or (2) convert the Class A-2 OP Units into shares of common stock of the Company. STAR III OP has the right to repurchase the Class A-2 OP Units after five years from the VV&M Closing Date and can exercise its option to settle the Put in shares of common stock of the Company. The Class A-2 OP Units receive distributions at the same rate paid to holders of the Company’s common stock and are allocated a share of the income or loss on a pro rata basis of the then-three operating partnerships combined. The Company has evaluated the terms of the Second A&R Partnership Agreement and in accordance with ASC 480, determined that the Class A-2 OP Units are properly recognized as permanent equity on the consolidated balance sheets.
On August 28, 2020, STAR III OP merged with and into the Operating Partnership and VV&M owns the Class A-2 operating partnership units in the Operating Partnership pursuant to the Operating Partnership Agreement on substantially the same terms described above.
40


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
Class B Operating Partnership Units
Class B OP Units were issued as consideration in the Internalization Transaction as discussed in Note 1 (Organization and Business). The Class B OP Units were valued at $15.23 per unit at the time of the transaction. On August 31, 2020, the date of the Internalization Closing, the Company, VV&M, STAR OP and SRI entered into the Operating Partnership Agreement. The Operating Partnership Agreement includes a provision that allows for SRI to request the repurchase of all outstanding Class B OP Units, one year from the date of the Internalization Closing; however, under the terms of the Contribution & Purchase Agreement, SRI is precluded from redeeming or transferring the Class B OP Units for two years from the date of the Internalization Closing. The Operating Partnership Agreement also includes a provision for the Company to settle the repurchase request in shares of the Company’s common stock rather than in cash, in its sole discretion as the general partner of the Operating Partnership. The Class B OP Units receive distributions at the same rate paid to holders of the Company’s common stock and are allocated a share of the Operating Partnership and its subsidiaries’ net income or losses on a pro rata basis. The Company has evaluated the terms of the Operating Partnership Agreement and in accordance with ASC 480, determined that the Class B OP Units are properly recognized as permanent equity on the consolidated balance sheets.
As of June 30, 2021, noncontrolling interests were approximately 6.05% of total shares and 6.06% of weighted average shares outstanding (both measures assuming Class A-2 OP Units and Class B OP Units were converted to common stock). The changes in the carrying amount of noncontrolling interests consisted of the following for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020:
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
Beginning balance Class A-2 OP Units$12,962,395 $$13,219,354 $
Issuance of Class A-2 OP Units14,450,000 14,450,000 
(Loss) income allocated to Class A-2 OP Units(88,555)163,314 (192,466)163,314 
Distributions to Class A-2 OP Units(124,187)(163,314)(277,235)(163,314)
Beginning balance Class B OP Units89,435,984 91,103,305 
Loss allocated to Class B OP Units(574,698)(1,249,061)
Distributions to Class B OP Units(805,713)(1,798,671)
Noncontrolling interests ending balance$100,805,226 $14,450,000 $100,805,226 $14,450,000 
10.         Related Party Arrangements
Prior to the Internalization Closing, on August 31, 2020, the Former Advisor was the Company’s advisor and, as such, supervised and managed the Company’s day-to-day operations and selected the Company’s real property investments and real estate-related assets, subject to oversight by the Company’s board of directors. The Former Advisor also provided marketing, sales and client services on the Company’s behalf. The Former Advisor is owned by SRI, the Company’s former sponsor. Mr. Emery, the Company’s Chairman of the board of directors and Chief Executive Officer, owns a 48.6% interest in Steadfast Holdings, the largest owner of SRI. Ms. del Rio, the Company’s former Secretary and an affiliated director, owns a 6.3% interest in Steadfast Holdings. From 2014 to 2020, Ms. Neyland, the Company’s President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer, earned an annual 5% profits interest from Steadfast Holdings. Ms. Neyland’s profits interest was terminated in November 2020.
During the eight months ended August 31, 2020, all of our other officers and directors, other than our independent directors, were officers of our Former Advisor and officers, limited partners and/or members of our former sponsor and other affiliates of our Former Advisor.
Prior to the Internalization Closing, the Company and STAR Operating Partnership operated pursuant to the Advisory Agreement with the Former Advisor. Pursuant to the Advisory Agreement, the Company was obligated to pay the Former Advisor specified fees upon the provision of certain services, the investment of funds in real estate and real estate-related
41


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
investments and the management of the Company’s investments and for other services (including, but not limited to, the disposition of investments). Subject to the limitations described below, the Company was also obligated to reimburse the Former Advisor and its affiliates for organization and offering costs incurred by the Former Advisor and its affiliates on behalf of the Company, as well as acquisition and origination expenses and certain operating expenses incurred on behalf of the Company or incurred in connection with providing services to the Company.
Summarized below are the related party transactions incurred by the Company for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and any related amounts payable and (receivable) as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020:
42


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
Incurred (Received) For theIncurred (Received) For thePayable (Receivable) as of
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020Jun 30, 2021Dec 31, 2020
Consolidated Statements of Operations:
Expensed
Investment management fees (1)
$$8,535,093 $$13,889,530 $$
Due diligence costs (2)
4,166 37,166 1,111 102,301 
Loan coordination fees (1)
1,116,700 1,605,652 
Disposition fees (3)
338,750 
Disposition transaction costs (3)
5,144 
Property management:
Fees (1)
4,263 2,369,487 8,550 3,865,857 1,514 5,585 
Reimbursement of onsite personnel (4)
7,780,381 12,475,428 
Reimbursement of other (1)
1,688,053 2,775,590 
Reimbursement of property operations (4)
9,096 109,188 9,168 188,199 
Reimbursement of property G&A (2)
51,811 84,216 
Other operating expenses (2)
417,373 954,292 862,686 1,664,464 68,536 158,723 
Reimbursement of personnel benefits and other
  costs (5)
80,270 112,362 4,040 20,457 
Insurance proceeds (6)
(150,000)(150,000)
Property insurance (2)
1,515,016 2,439,952 
Earned
Rental revenue (7)
(23,282)(41,029)
Transition services agreement income (6)
(6,353)(14,531)(13,072)(103,552)
SRI Property management agreement income (6)
(324,550)(562,759)(118,093)(77,760)
Other reimbursement income under the SRI
  property management agreements (6)
(120,979)(211,532)(21,980)
Reimbursement of onsite personnel income
  under the SRI property management
   agreements (6)
(1,099,931)(2,175,540)(74,888)(173,927)
SRI construction management fee income (6)
(19,533)(64,905)(2,358)
Consolidated Balance Sheets:
Sublease security deposit (8)
(85,000)(85,000)
Deferred financing costs (9)
49,050 49,050 
Capitalized to Real Estate
Capitalized development services fee (10)
151,071 302,142 50,357 
Capitalized investment management fees (10)
98,454 179,668 
Capitalized development costs (10)
2,435 1,600 3,030 
Acquisition expenses (11)
133,695 389,919 
Acquisition fees (11)
341,371 17,717,639 
Loan coordination fees (11)
224,000 8,812,071 
Construction management:
Fees (12)
259,509 382,272 
Reimbursement of labor costs (12)
95,692 166,239 
Additional paid-in capital
Distributions to Class B OP Unit holders(13)
805,713 1,798,671 265,620 469,236 
$(250,465)$25,302,016 $(199,064)$67,144,894 $46,299 $344,440 


43


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
__________________
1)Included in fees to affiliates in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. Property management fees of $4,263 relate to compliance fees incurred under a compliance agreement with the Former Property Manager, as defined below, to follow certain tax compliance procedures with respect to the leasing of apartment homes to qualified residents.
2)Included in general and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. Due diligence costs of $4,166 represent acquisition expenses related to the Company’s real estate projects that did not come to fruition and which were incurred by an affiliate of SIP on behalf of the Company. Other operating expenses of $417,373 relate to sublease rental expenses of $273,846 and $143,527 of expenses related to information systems costs incurred by SIP on behalf of the Company.
3)Included in gain on sale of real estate, net in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.
4)Included in operating, maintenance and management in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.
5)Represents reimbursements of miscellaneous employee related costs to SIP for the period when benefits were administered by SIP. The employer benefit cost portion is included in general and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.
6)Included in other income in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.
7)Included in rental income in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.
8)Included in other assets in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
9)Included in notes payable, net in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
10)Included in real estate held for development in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
11)Included in total real estate, net in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
12)Included in building and improvements in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
13)Included in cumulative distributions and net losses in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
Investment Management Fee
Prior to the completion of the Mergers on March 6, 2020, the Company paid the Former Advisor a monthly investment management fee equal to one-twelfth of 1.0% of (1) the cost of real properties and real estate-related assets acquired directly by the Company or (2) the Company’s allocable cost of each investment in real property or real estate related asset acquired through a joint venture. The investment management fee is calculated including the amount actually paid or budgeted to fund acquisition fees, acquisition expenses, cost of development, construction or improvement and any debt attributable to such investments, or the Company’s proportionate share thereof in the case of investments made through joint ventures. Following the completion of the Mergers and until the Internalization Closing, the Company paid the Former Advisor a monthly investment management fee, which was calculated on the same basis as described above, and payable 50% in cash and 50% in shares of the Company’s common stock. Investment management fees paid in shares, included in fees to affiliates in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations were $0 for each of the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, and $4,039,148 for each of the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively.
Following the Internalization Closing, investment management fees paid by the Company are intercompany transactions and are eliminated in consolidation.
Acquisition Fees and Expenses
Prior to the completion of the Mergers, the Company paid the Former Advisor an acquisition fee equal to 1.0% of the cost of investment, which includes the amount actually paid or budgeted to fund the acquisition, origination, development, construction or improvement (i.e. value-enhancement) of any real property or real estate-related asset acquired. In addition to
44


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
acquisition fees, the Company reimbursed the Former Advisor for amounts directly incurred by the Former Advisor and amounts the Former Advisor paid to third parties in connection with the selection, evaluation, acquisition and development of a property or acquisition of real estate-related assets, whether or not the Company ultimately acquired the property or the real estate-related assets. Following the completion of the Mergers and until the Internalization Closing, the Company paid the Former Advisor an acquisition fee of 0.5%, which was calculated on the same basis as above. In connection with the Mergers, the Company paid the Former Advisor an acquisition fee of $16,281,487, which was capitalized to the acquired real estate and investment in unconsolidated joint venture in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
The Charter limits the Company’s ability to pay acquisition fees if the total of all acquisition fees and expenses relating to the purchase would exceed 4.5% of the contract purchase price. Under the Charter, a majority of the Company’s board of directors, including a majority of the independent directors, is required to approve any acquisition fees (or portion thereof) that would cause the total of all acquisition fees and expenses relating to an acquisition to exceed 4.5% of the contract purchase price.
Following the Internalization Closing, acquisition fees and expenses paid by the Company are intercompany transactions and are eliminated in consolidation.
Loan Coordination Fee
Prior to the completion of the Mergers, the Company paid the Former Advisor or its affiliate a loan coordination fee equal to 1.0% of the initial amount of new debt financed or outstanding debt assumed in connection with the acquisition, development, construction, improvement or origination of a property or a real estate-related asset. In addition, in connection with any debt financing or refinancing (in each case, other than identified at the time of the acquisition of a property or a real estate-related asset), the Company paid the Former Advisor or its affiliate a loan coordination fee equal to 0.75% of the amount of debt financed or refinanced. In some instances, the Company and the Former Advisor agreed to a loan coordination fee of $100,000 per loan refinanced.
Following the completion of the Mergers and until the Internalization Closing, the Company paid the Former Advisor or one of its affiliates, in cash, the loan coordination fee equal to 0.5% of (1) the initial amount of new debt financed or outstanding debt assumed in connection with the acquisition, development, construction, improvement or origination of any type of real estate asset or real estate-related asset acquired directly or (2) the Company’s allocable portion of the purchase price and therefore the related debt in connection with the acquisition or origination of any type of real estate asset or real estate-related asset acquired through a joint venture. In connection with the Mergers, the Company paid the Former Advisor a loan coordination fee of $7,910,205, which was capitalized to the acquired real estate and investment in unconsolidated joint venture in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
As compensation for services rendered in connection with any financing or the refinancing of any debt (in each case, other than at the time of the acquisition of a property), the Company also paid the Former Advisor or one of its affiliates, in the form of shares equal to such amount, a loan coordination fee equal to 0.5% of the amount refinanced or the Company’s proportionate share of the amount refinanced in the case of investments made through a joint venture. NaN loan coordination fee was paid in shares to the Company’s Former Advisor during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021. Loan coordination fees of $1,116,694 were paid in shares to the Company’s Former Advisor for each of the three and six months ended June 30, 2020.
Following the Internalization Closing, loan coordination fees paid by the Company are intercompany transactions and are eliminated in consolidation.
Property Management Fees and Expenses
Prior to the Internalization Closing, the Company was party to property management agreements (each, as amended from time to time, a “Property Management Agreement”) with Steadfast Management Company, Inc., an affiliate of SRI (the “Former Property Manager”), in connection with the management of each of the Company’s properties. Pursuant to each Property Management Agreement, the Company paid the Former Property Manager a monthly management fee equal to a range from 2.5% to 3.5% of each property’s gross revenues (as defined in the respective Property Management Agreements) for each month, as determined by the Former Advisor and approved by a majority of the Company’s board of directors, including a majority of the independent directors. Each Property Management Agreement had an initial one-year term and continued
45


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
thereafter on a month-to-month basis unless either party gave 60 days’ prior notice of its desire to terminate the Property Management Agreement, provided that the Company could terminate the Property Management Agreement at any time upon a determination of gross negligence, willful misconduct or bad acts of the Former Property Manager or its employees or upon an uncured breach of the Property Management Agreement upon 30 days’ prior written notice to the Former Property Manager.
In addition to the property management fee, the Property Management Agreements also specified certain other reimbursements payable to the Former Property Manager for benefit administration, information technology infrastructure, licenses, support and training services and capital expenditures supervision. The Company also reimbursed the Former Property Manager for the salaries and related benefits of on-site property management employees.
In connection with the Internalization Transaction, the Company terminated its existing property-level property management agreements with the Former Property Manager. Following the Internalization Closing, property management fees paid by the Company are intercompany transactions and are eliminated in consolidation.
Construction Management Fees and Expenses 
Prior to the Internalization Closing, the Company was party to construction management agreements (each, a “Construction Management Agreement”) with Pacific Coast Land & Construction, Inc., an affiliate of SRI (the “Former Construction Manager”), in connection with capital improvements and renovation or value-enhancement projects for certain properties the Company acquired. The construction management fee payable with respect to each property under the Construction Management Agreements ranged from 6.0% to 12.0% of the costs of the improvements for which the Construction Manager had planning and oversight authority. Generally, each Construction Management Agreement could have been terminated by either party with 30 days’ prior written notice to the other party. Construction management fees were capitalized to the respective real estate properties in the period in which they were incurred as such costs relate to capital improvements and renovations for apartment homes taken out of service while they undergo the planned renovation.
The Company also reimbursed the Former Construction Manager for the salaries and related benefits of certain of its employees for time spent working on capital improvements and renovations.
In connection with the Internalization Transaction, the Company terminated its existing Construction Management Agreements with the Former Construction Manager.
Development Services
The Company is a party to a development services agreement (the “Development Services Agreement”) with Steadfast Multifamily Development, Inc., an affiliate of SRI (the “Developer”), in connection with certain development projects, pursuant to which the Developer receives a development fee and reimbursement for certain expenses for overseeing the development project. The Company entered into a Development Services Agreement with the Developer in connection with the Garrison Station, the Arista at Broomfield and the Flatirons development projects that provide for a development fee equal to 4% of the hard and soft costs of the development project (as defined in the applicable Development Services Agreement) as specified in the Development Services Agreement. 75% of the development fee is paid in 14 monthly installments and the remaining 25% is paid upon delivery of a certificate of occupancy by the Developer to the Company.
Property Insurance
Prior to the Internalization Closing, the Company deposited amounts with an affiliate of SRI, the Company’s former sponsor, to fund a prepaid insurance deductible account to cover the cost of required insurance deductibles across all properties of the Company and other affiliated entities of the Company’s former sponsor. Upon filing a major claim, proceeds from the insurance deductible account could be used by the Company or another affiliate of SRI. In addition, the Company deposited amounts with an affiliate of the Company’s former sponsor to cover the cost of property and property related insurance across certain properties of the Company. As a result of the Internalization Transaction, the Company is no longer party to the insurance deductible arrangement with any affiliates of the Former Sponsor.

46


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
Other Operating Expense Reimbursement
In addition to the various fees paid to the Former Advisor, the Company was obligated to pay directly or reimburse all expenses incurred by the Former Advisor in providing services to the Company, including the Company’s allocable share of the Former Advisor’s overhead, such as rent, employee costs, utilities and information technology costs. The Company was not to reimburse the Former Advisor for employee costs in connection with services for which the Former Advisor or its affiliates received acquisition fees or disposition fees or for the salaries the Former Advisor paid to the Company’s executive officers.
The Charter limits the Company’s total operating expenses during any 4 fiscal quarters to the greater of 2% of the Company’s average invested assets or 25% of the Company’s net income for the same period (the “2%/25% Limitation”). The Company was to reimburse the Former Advisor, at the end of each fiscal quarter, for operating expenses incurred by the Former Advisor; provided, however, that the Company did not reimburse the Former Advisor at the end of any fiscal quarter for operating expenses that exceed the 2%/25% Limitation unless the independent directors determined that such excess expenses were justified based on unusual and non-recurring factors. The Former Advisor was obligated to reimburse the Company for the amount by which the Company’s operating expenses for the preceding four fiscal quarters then ended exceeded the 2%/25% Limitation, unless approved by the independent directors. For purposes of determining the 2%/25% Limitation amount, “average invested assets” means the average monthly book value of the Company’s assets invested directly or indirectly in equity interests and loans secured by real estate during the 12-month period before deducting depreciation, bad debts reserves or other non-cash reserves. “Total operating expenses” means all expenses paid or incurred by the Company that are in any way related to the Company’s operation, including the Company’s allocable share of the Former Advisor’s overhead, but excluding (a) the expenses of raising capital such as organization and offering expenses, legal, audit, accounting, underwriting, brokerage, listing, registration and other fees, printing and other such expenses and taxes incurred in connection with the issuance, distribution, transfer, listing and registration of shares of the Company’s common stock; (b) interest payments; (c) taxes; (d) non-cash expenditures such as depreciation, amortization and bad debt reserves; (e) reasonable incentive fees based on the gain in the sale of the Company’s assets; (f) acquisition fees and acquisition expenses (including expenses relating to potential acquisitions that the Company does not close) and investment management fees; (g) real estate commissions on the resale of investments; and (h) other expenses connected with the acquisition, disposition, management and ownership of investments (including the costs of foreclosure, insurance premiums, legal services, maintenance, repair and improvement of real property).
As of June 30, 2021, the Company’s total operating expenses, as defined above, did not exceed the 2%/25% Limitation.
Disposition Fee
Prior to the completion of the Mergers, if the Former Advisor or its affiliates provided a substantial amount of services in connection with the sale of a property or real estate-related asset as determined by a majority of the Company’s independent directors, the Company paid the Former Advisor or its affiliates a fee equivalent to one-half of the brokerage commissions paid, but in no event to exceed 1.0% of the sales price of each property or real estate-related asset sold. Following the completion of the Mergers and until the Internalization Closing, the disposition fee payable to the Former Advisor was one-half of the brokerage commissions paid, but in no event to exceed 0.5% of the sales price of each property or real estate-related asset sold.
To the extent the disposition fee was paid upon the sale of any assets other than real property, it was included as an operating expense for purposes of the 2%/25% Limitation.
Following the Internalization Closing, disposition fees paid by the Company are intercompany transactions and are eliminated in consolidation.
Class A Convertible Stock
In connection with the Mergers, the Company and the Former Advisor exchanged the then outstanding Convertible Stock for the new Class A Convertible Stock. The Class A Convertible Stock would convert into shares of the Company’s common stock if (1) the Company had made total Class A Distributions equal to the original issue price of the Common Equity, plus an aggregate 6.0% cumulative, non-compounded, annual return on the original issue price of those shares, (2) the Company listed its common stock for trading on a national securities exchange or entered into a merger whereby holders of the Company’s common stock received listed securities of another issuer or (3) the Company’s Advisory Agreement was terminated or not renewed (other than for “cause” as defined in the Advisory Agreement). Upon any of these Triggering Events, each share of
47


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
Class A Convertible Stock would have been converted into a number of shares of the Company’s common stock equal to 1/1000 of the quotient of (A) 15% of the amount, if any, by which (i) the Class A Enterprise Value plus the aggregate value of the Class A Distributions paid to date on the Common Equity exceeds (ii) the aggregate purchase price paid by stockholders for the Common Equity plus an aggregated 6.0% cumulative, non-compounded, annual return on the original issue price of the Common Equity as of the date of the Triggering Event, divided by (B) the Class A Enterprise Value divided by the number of the Company’s outstanding common shares on an as-converted basis as of the date of Triggering Event. In connection with the Internalization Transaction, the Company repurchased the Class A Convertible Stock for $1,000. See Note 8 (Stockholders’ Equity) for details.
Ancillary Internalization Transaction Agreements
Transition Services Agreement
As a condition to Internalization Closing, on August 31, 2020, the Company and SIP entered into a Transition Services Agreement (the “Transition Services Agreement”), pursuant to which, commencing on August 31, 2020 until March 31, 2021, which was extended through September 30, 2021, unless earlier terminated pursuant to the Transition Services Agreement or extended by mutual consent, SIP will continue to provide certain operational and administrative support at cost plus 15% to the Company, which may include support relating to, without limitation, shared legal, and tax support as set forth in the Transition Services Agreement. Similarly, the Company agreed to provide certain services to SIP and its affiliates at cost plus 15%, which may include acquisition, disposition and financing support, legal support, shared information technology and human resources.
SRI Property Management Agreements
In connection with the Internalization Transaction, the Company terminated its existing property-level property management agreements with the Former Property Manager, an affiliate of SRI. On August 31, 2020, SRS, entered into the SRI Property Management Agreements with an affiliate of SRI to provide property management services in connection with certain properties owned by SIP or its affiliates (each a “Property Owner” and collectively, the “Property Owners”). Pursuant to each SRI Property Management Agreement, SRS received a monthly management fee equal to 2.0% of each property’s gross collections for such month (“Gross Collections”). On April 23, 2021, SRS entered into amendments to the SRI Property Management Agreements with affiliates of SRI to (1) provide that SRS is responsible for providing accounting services for the properties owned by the Property Owners and (2) increase the property management fee from 2.0% to 3.0% of Gross Collections. Each SRI Property Management Agreement has an initial one-year term and will continue thereafter on a month-to-month basis unless the Property Owner terminates the SRI Property Management Agreement with 60 days’ prior written notice or upon the determination of gross negligence, willful misconduct or bad acts of SRS or its employees with 30 days’ prior written notice to SRS. After the first one-year term, either party may terminate the SRI Property Management Agreement in the event of a material breach that remains uncured for a period of 30 days after written notification of such breach. As of June 30, 2021, the Company recognized the SRI Property Management Agreements asset, net of $135,830 within other assets on the accompanying consolidate balance sheets.
In addition to the property management fee earned by SRS, the SRI Property Management Agreements also specify certain other reimbursements payable to SRS for benefit administration, information technology infrastructure, licenses, support and training services. SRS is also reimbursed for the salaries and related benefits of on-site property management employees at certain properties owned by SIP or its affiliates.
SRI Construction Management Agreements
On September 1, 2020, SRS, entered into the SRI construction management agreements with an affiliate of SRI (the “SRI Construction Management Agreements”) to provide construction management services in connection with certain properties owned by SIP or its affiliates. Pursuant to each SRI Construction Management Agreement, SRS will receive a construction management fee equal to 7.5% of the total project costs. In addition, SRS will be reimbursed for all agreed upon costs associated with staffing. Each SRI Construction Management Agreement may be terminated by either party with the delivery of a 30-day written notice to the other party.

48


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
Registration Rights Agreement
As a condition to the Internalization Closing, on August 31, 2020, the Company, the Operating Partnership and SRI entered into a registration rights agreement (the “Registration Rights Agreement”). Upon the terms and conditions in the Operating Partnership Agreement, the Class B OP Units are redeemable for shares of the Company’s common stock. Pursuant to the Contribution & Purchase Agreement, SRI (or any successor holder) may not transfer the Class B OP Units until August 31, 2022 (the “Lock-Up Expiration”). Beginning on the fifth anniversary of the Internalization Closing, SRI (or any successor holder) may request the Company to register for resale under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, shares of the Company’s common stock issued or issuable to such holder. The Company agreed to use commercially reasonable efforts to file a registration statement on Form S-3 within 30 days of such request and within 60 days of such request in the case of a registration statement on Form S-11 or such other appropriate form. The Company has agreed to cause such registration statement to become effective as soon as reasonably practicable thereafter. The Registration Rights Agreement also grants SRI (or any successor holder) certain “piggyback” registration rights after the Lock-Up Expiration.
Non-Competition Agreement
As a condition to the Internalization Closing, on August 31, 2020, the Company entered into a Non-Competition Agreement (the “Non-Competition Agreement”) with Rodney F. Emery, the largest indirect owner of SRI and the Company’s Chairman of the board of directors and Chief Executive Officer, providing that from the date of the Internalization Closing until the date that is 30 months from August 31, 2020 (the “Restricted Period”), in general, Mr. Emery shall not, directly or indirectly, (i) solicit certain employees or service providers of the Company, subject to certain exceptions, or (ii) solicit certain customers, vendors, suppliers, agents, partners or other similar parties with the purpose of causing such parties or their affiliates to cease doing business with the Company or otherwise interfere with the Company’s business relationships with third parties.
During the Restricted Period, Mr. Emery, subject to limited exceptions provided in the Non-Competition Agreement, in general (i) shall not, and shall cause his respective affiliates not to, engage in the business of managing, operating, directing and supervising the operations and administration of multifamily assets of the class and type owned by the Company as of August 31, 2020 (the “Assets”) (such business activities described in this subsection (i) being the “Restricted Business”), (ii) shall, consistent with past practice, present each opportunity and investment fully and accurately to the Company’s board of directors prior to his or his affiliates acquisition of any Assets and only make such investment on behalf of himself or his affiliates if the Company’s board of directors declines the opportunity; and (iii) shall not engage with or otherwise acquire an interest in, directly or indirectly, any business or enterprise that primarily engage in the Restricted Business in an area within a two-mile radius of each Asset owned or managed by the Company as of the Internalization Closing.
Further, each of SRS, the Company and the Operating Partnership agreed that, in general, during the Restricted Period, each will not solicit any employee of SRI or its affiliates or attempt to assist any such employee to enter into any other consulting or business relationship with SRS, the Company and the Operating Partnership, subject to certain limitations.
Sub-Lease
In connection with the Internalization Transaction, SRS, an indirect subsidiary of the Company, entered into a sub-lease agreement (the “Sub-Lease”) with the Former Property Manager on September 1, 2020, for its headquarters in Irvine, California. The Sub-Lease also includes certain furniture and fixtures, that will become the property of SRS at the end of the lease term. As of June 30, 2021, the Sub-Lease has a remaining lease term of 11 months with no option to renew. The monthly sub-lease expense is recognized on a straight line basis over the remaining term of the the Sub-Lease. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, as it pertains to the Sub-Lease of the office space, the Company recorded an operating lease ROU asset, net of $872,985 and $1,339,591 and an operating lease liability, net of $887,925 and $1,346,835, respectively. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, as it pertains to the Sub-Lease of the furniture and fixtures, the Company recognized a finance lease ROU asset, net of $10,725 and $16,845 and a finance lease liability, net of $11,093 and $17,020, respectively. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the Sub-Lease expense related to the office space was $241,549 and $483,098, respectively, and for the furniture and fixtures $3,146 and $6,313, respectively. See Note 15 (Leases) for further details about the Company’s leases.

49


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
Certain Conflict Resolution Procedures
Every transaction that the Company enters into with its affiliates is subject to an inherent conflict of interest. The board of directors may encounter conflicts of interest in enforcing the Company’s rights against any affiliate in the event of a default by or disagreement with an affiliate or in invoking powers, rights or options pursuant to any agreement between the Company and the Company’s affiliates. As a general rule, any related party transaction must be approved by a majority of the directors (including a majority of independent directors) not otherwise interested in the transaction. In determining whether to approve or authorize a particular related party transaction, these persons will consider whether the transaction between the Company and the related party is fair and reasonable to the Company and has terms and conditions no less favorable to the Company than those available from unaffiliated third parties.
11.         Incentive Award Plan and Independent Director Compensation
The Company’s Incentive Award Plan provides for the grant of equity awards to its employees, directors and consultants and those of the Company’s affiliates. The Incentive Award Plan authorizes the grant of non-qualified and incentive stock options, restricted stock awards, restricted stock units, stock appreciation rights, dividend equivalents and other stock-based awards or cash-based awards.
Under the independent directors’ compensation plan and subject to such plan’s conditions and restrictions, each of the Company’s independent directors received 3,333 shares of restricted common stock once the Company raised $2,000,000 in gross offering proceeds in the Public Offering. Each subsequent independent director that joins the Company’s board of directors receives 3,333 shares of restricted common stock upon election to the Company’s board of directors. In addition, on the date following an independent director’s re-election to the Company’s board of directors, he or she receives 1,666 shares of restricted common stock.
On March 6, 2020, the Company granted 3,333 shares of restricted common stock pursuant to the independent directors’ compensation plan to each of its 2 newly elected independent directors. One-fourth of the shares of restricted common stock generally vest and become non-forfeitable upon issuance and the remaining portion will vest in three equal annual installments beginning on the date of grant and ending on the third anniversary of the date of grant; provided, however, that the restricted stock will become fully vested and become non-forfeitable on the earlier to occur of (1) the termination of the independent director’s service as a director due to his or her death or disability or (2) a change in control of the Company. These restricted stock awards entitle the holders to participate in distributions even if the shares are not fully vested.
On September 15, 2020, the Company’s board of directors approved an amendment to the independent directors’ compensation plan, which is described in more detail below. On December 3, 2020, the Company granted 4,924 shares of restricted common stock to each of its 5 independent directors pursuant to the Incentive Award Plan at a fair value of $15.23 per share in connection with their re-election to the board of directors at the Company’s annual meeting of stockholders. These shares generally vest in two equal annual installments beginning on the first anniversary of the date of grant and ending on the second anniversary of the date of grant; provided, however, that the restricted stock will become fully vested on the earlier to occur of: (1) the termination of the independent director’s service as a director due to his or her death or disability, or (2) a change in control of the Company.
The Company recorded a stock-based compensation expense of $63,168 and $126,336 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, and $20,928 and $63,383 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, related to the independent directors’ restricted common stock.
In addition to the stock awards, prior to September 15, 2020, the Company paid each of its independent directors an annual retainer of $55,000, prorated for any partial term (the audit committee chairperson received an additional $10,000 annual retainer, prorated for any partial term). The independent directors were also paid for attending meetings as follows: (i) $2,500 for each board meeting attended in person, (ii) $1,500 for each committee meeting attended in person in such director’s capacity as a committee member, (iii) $1,000 for each board meeting attended via teleconference (not to exceed $4,000 for any one set of meetings attended on any given day). In connection with meetings of the special committee, the independent directors received $1,000 for each teleconference meeting and $1,500 for each in-person meeting. All directors also receive
50


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
reimbursement of reasonable out of pocket expenses incurred in connection with attendance at meetings of the board of directors.
Beginning September 15, 2020, the effective date of the amendment to the independent directors’ compensation plan, the Company pays each of its independent directors an annual retainer of $75,000 in cash and $75,000 in shares of restricted common stock, prorated for any partial term (the audit committee chairperson receives an additional $15,000 annual retainer, the compensation committee chairperson receives an additional $10,000 annual retainer, the investment committee chairperson receives an additional $10,000 annual retainer, the nominating and corporate governance committee chairperson receives an additional $10,000 annual retainer, and the lead independent director receives an additional $25,000 annual retainer, prorated for any partial term). The independent directors are also paid $2,000 for each in-person or telephonic board or committee meeting attended (not to exceed $4,000 for any one set of meetings attended on any given day). Further, directors may elect to receive any cash fees in fully-vested shares of common stock of the Company.
Director compensation is an operating expense of the Company that, prior to the Internalization Closing, was subject to the operating expense reimbursement obligation of the Former Advisor discussed in Note 10 (Related Party Arrangements). The Company recorded an operating expense of $217,250 and $486,500 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, and $465,250 and $537,000 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, related to the independent directors’ annual cash retainer and attending board and committee meetings, which is included in general and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. Upon signing the merger agreements, merger related acquisition expenses including $0 for each of the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, and $3,000 for each of the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, related to attending committee meetings met the definition of capitalized expenses and were therefore capitalized in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, $217,250 and $209,250, respectively, related to the independent directors’ annual retainer paid in cash and board and committee meetings attendance is included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets.
12.         Commitments and Contingencies
Economic Dependency 
Prior to the Internalization Closing, the Company was dependent on the Former Advisor for certain services that are essential to the Company, including the identification, evaluation, negotiation, purchase and disposition of real estate and real estate-related investments; management of the daily operations of the Company’s real estate and real estate-related investment portfolio; and other general and administrative responsibilities. As a result of the Internalization Transaction, the Company became self-managed and acquired components of the advisory, asset management and property management operations of the Former Advisor by hiring the Transferring Employees (as defined in the Contribution & Purchase Agreement), who comprise the workforce necessary for the management and day-to-day real estate and accounting operations of the Company and the Operating Partnership. The Company’s own employees now provide the services that the Former Advisor provided, as described above.
As of June 30, 2021, the Company is developing a multifamily property known as Garrison Station consisting of 9 residential buildings with 176 apartment homes that are currently in various stages of development with remaining commitments to fund of approximately $4,000,000 (inclusive of applicable construction loan obligations) and estimated completion dates ranging through August 2021. As of June 30, 2021, 95 of the 176 apartment homes were placed in service.
Concentration of Credit Risk
The geographic concentration of the Company’s portfolio makes it particularly susceptible to adverse economic developments in the Atlanta, Georgia and Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas apartment markets. Any adverse economic or real estate developments in these markets, such as business layoffs or downsizing, relocations of businesses, increased competition from other apartment communities, decrease in demand for apartments or any other changes, could adversely affect the Company’s operating results and its ability to make distributions to stockholders.

51


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
Environmental
As an owner of real estate, the Company is subject to various environmental laws of federal, state and local governments. The Company is not aware of any environmental liability that could have a material adverse effect on its financial condition or results of operations. However, changes in applicable environmental laws and regulations, the uses and conditions of properties in the vicinity of the Company’s properties, the activities of its residents and other environmental conditions of which the Company is unaware with respect to the properties could result in future environmental liabilities.
Legal Matters
From time to time, the Company is subject, or party, to legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of its business. Management is not aware of any legal proceedings of which the outcome is reasonably possible to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s results of operations or financial condition nor is the Company aware of any such legal proceedings contemplated by government agencies.
13.         Earnings Per Share
The following table presents a reconciliation of net loss attributable to common stockholders and shares used in calculating basic and diluted loss per share, or EPS, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020:
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
Net loss attributable to common stockholders$(13,037,659)$(53,224,622)$(27,068,948)$(62,905,750)
Less:
   Distributions declared on Class A-2 OP Units(163,314)(163,314)
   Distributions related to unvested restricted
    stockholders(1)
(41,370)(2,796)(92,353)(5,667)
Numerator for loss per common share — basic$(13,079,029)$(53,390,732)$(27,161,301)$(63,074,731)
  Weighted average common shares outstanding —
    basic and diluted(2)
109,905,923 109,139,963 109,896,333 88,660,741 
Loss per common share — basic and diluted$(0.12)$(0.49)$(0.25)$(0.71)
_____________________
(1)    Unvested restricted stockholders that have a right to participate in dividends declared on common stock are accounted for as participating securities and reflected in the calculation of basic and diluted EPS under the two-class method.
(2)    The Company excluded all unvested restricted common shares outstanding issued to the Company’s independent directors and certain key employees, the Class A-2 OP Units and the Class B OP Units from the calculation of diluted loss per common share as the effect would have been antidilutive.
14.         Derivative Financial Instruments
The Company uses interest rate derivatives with the objective of managing exposure to interest rate movements thereby minimizing the effect of interest rate changes and the effect they could have on future cash flows. Interest rate cap agreements are used to accomplish this objective. The following table provides the terms of the Company’s interest rate derivative instruments that were in effect at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020:
June 30, 2021
TypeMaturity Date RangeBased onNumber of InstrumentsNotional AmountVariable RateWeighted Average Rate CapFair Value
Interest Rate Cap7/1/2021 - 7/1/2023One-Month LIBOR6$334,300,350 0.10%3.57%$21,255 
December 31, 2020
TypeMaturity Date RangeBased onNumber of InstrumentsNotional AmountVariable RateWeighted Average Rate CapFair Value
Interest Rate Cap1/1/2021 - 7/1/2023One-Month LIBOR9$407,935,350 0.14%3.41%$7,852 
The interest rate cap agreements are not designated as effective cash flow hedges. Accordingly, the Company records any changes in the fair value of the interest rate cap agreements as interest expense. The change in the fair value of the interest rate cap agreements for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, resulted in an unrealized loss (gain) of $9,617 and $(1,203), respectively, and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, resulted in an unrealized loss of $24,943 and $27,194, respectively, which is included in interest expense in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. During the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, the Company acquired interest rate cap agreements of $12,200 and $47,000, respectively, and did not receive settlement proceeds. The fair value of the interest rate cap agreements of $21,255 and $7,852 as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, is included in other assets on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
15.         Leases
Lessee
The Company leases office space, a parking garage, furniture, fixtures and office equipment. The Company has lease agreements with lease and non-lease components, which are generally accounted for separately from each other. A limited number of leases include options to renew or options to extend the lease term. The exercise of lease renewal options is at the Company’s sole discretion. The depreciable life of lease ROU assets are limited by the expected lease term, unless there is a transfer of title or purchase option reasonably certain of exercise. The Company’s lease agreements do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants.
The components of lease costs were as follows:

Three Months Ended June 30,
Lease CostClassification20212020
Operating Lease cost(1)
Operating, maintenance and management$6,469 $9,021 
Operating Lease cost(1)
General and administrative241,549 
Finance lease cost
     Amortization of leased assetsDepreciation and amortization3,060 
     Accretion of lease liabilitiesInterest expense86 
Total lease cost$251,164 $9,021 
Six Months Ended June 30,
Lease CostClassification20212020
Operating Lease cost(1)
Operating, maintenance and management$16,513 $16,526 
Operating Lease cost(1)
General and administrative483,098 
Finance lease cost
     Amortization of leased assetsDepreciation and amortization6,120 
     Accretion of lease liabilitiesInterest expense193 
Total lease cost$505,924 $16,526 
_____________________
(1)    Includes short-term leases and variable lease costs, which are immaterial.
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PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
Other information related to leases was as follows:
Lease Term and Discount RateJune 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Weighted average remaining lease term (in years)
    Operating leases3.23.4
    Finance leases0.91.4
Weighted average discount rate
   Operating Leases3.3 %3.2 %
   Finance Leases2.9 %2.9 %

Six Months Ended June 30,
Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flows Information20212020
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
Operating cash outflows related to operating leases$567,794 $79,884 
Operating cash outflows related to finance leases$6,120 $
Financing cash outflows related to finance leases$$
Operating Leases
The following table sets forth as of June 30, 2021, the undiscounted cash flows of the Company’s scheduled lease obligations for future minimum payments for the six months ending December 31, 2021 and for each of the next four years ending December 31, and thereafter, as well as the reconciliation of those cash flows to operating lease liabilities on the Company’s accompanying consolidated balance sheets:
YearAmount
Remainder of 2021$594,614 
2022611,239 
2023188,990 
2024122,026 
202594,506 
Thereafter266,910 
Total undiscounted operating lease payments$1,878,285 
Less: interest(293,387)
Present value of operating lease liabilities$1,584,898 


53


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
Finance Leases
The following table sets forth as of June 30, 2021, the undiscounted cash flows of the Company’s scheduled obligations for future minimum payments for the six months ending December 31, 2021 and for each of the next four years ending December 31 and thereafter, as well as a reconciliation of those cash flows to finance lease liabilities:

YearAmount
Remainder of 2021$6,120 
20225,100 
2023
2024
2025
Thereafter
Total undiscounted finance lease payments$11,220 
Less: interest(127)
Present value of finance lease liabilities$11,093 
16.         Subsequent Events
Distributions Paid
On July 1, 2021, the Company paid distributions of $5,063,063, which related to distributions declared for each day in the period from June 1, 2021 through June 30, 2021 and consisted of cash distributions paid in the amount of $4,051,305 and $1,011,758 in shares issued pursuant to the DRP.
Distributions Declared
On July 24, 2021, the Company’s board of directors approved and authorized a daily distribution to stockholders of record as of the close of business on each day of the period commencing on August 1, 2021 and ending on August 31, 2021. The distributions will be equal to $0.001438 per share of the Company’s common stock per day. The distributions for each record date in August 2021 will be paid in September 2021. The distributions will be payable to stockholders from legally available funds therefor.
Garrison Station Real Estate Placed in Service
Subsequent to June 30, 2021, 1 additional building comprised of 24 apartment homes was placed in service at the Garrison Station development project.
Agreement and Plan of Merger
On July 26, 2021, the Company and the Operating Partnership, entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger, (the “Merger Agreement”) with Independence Realty Trust, Inc. (“IRT”), IRT’s operating partnership, Independence Realty Operating Partnership, LP (“IRT OP”), and IRSTAR Sub, LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of IRT (“ IRT Merger Sub”).
On the terms, and subject to the conditions of, the Merger Agreement, the Company will merge with and into IRT Merger Sub, which is referred to herein as the “Company Merger”, with IRT Merger Sub surviving the Company Merger as a wholly-owned subsidiary of IRT; and immediately thereafter, the Operating Partnership will merge with and into IRT OP (the “Partnership Merger” and together with the Company Merger, the “IRT Mergers”), with IRT OP surviving the Partnership Merger.
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PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
In the Company Merger, each outstanding share of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share, will be converted automatically into the right to receive 0.905, (the “Exchange Ratio”), of a newly issued share of IRT common stock, par value $0.01 per share, (the “IRT Common Stock”).
In the Partnership Merger, each outstanding unit of limited partnership of the Operating Partnership will be converted into the right to receive the Exchange Ratio of a newly issued common unit of limited partnership of IRT OP, (the “IRT Common Unit”). Under the agreement of limited partnership of IRT OP, IRT common unitholders may generally tender their IRT Common Units, in whole or in part, to IRT OP for redemption for a cash amount based on the then-market price of an equivalent number of shares of IRT Common Stock, and IRT may thereupon elect, at its option, to satisfy the redemption by issuing 1 share of IRT Common Stock for each IRT Common Unit tendered for redemption.
Pursuant to the IRT Mergers, the Company’s stockholders will receive, in aggregate, in exchange for their shares of common stock, approximately, 99.8 million shares of IRT Common Stock and limited partners in the Operating Partnership will receive, in aggregate, in exchange for their operating partnership units, approximately 6.4 million IRT OP Common Units.
Consummation of the IRT Mergers is subject to customary closing conditions, including, among others, receipt of IRT stockholder approval and approval of the Company’s stockholders, and is expected to occur in the fourth quarter of 2021. For more information on the Mergers, see the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on July 26, 2021.
Suspension and Contingent Termination of the DRP and the Amended & Restated SRP
In connection with the approval of the IRT Mergers, on July 26, 2021, the Company announced that the Company’s board of directors, including all of the Company's independent directors, voted to terminate the DRP and the Amended & Restated SRP, each termination effective as of the effective time of the Company Merger. The Company’s board of directors, including all of the Company's independent directors, also voted to suspend (1) the DRP, effective as of the 10th day after notice is provided to stockholders and (2) indefinitely suspend the Amended & Restated SRP effective as of the 30th day after notice is provided to stockholders.
As a result of the suspension of the DRP, any distributions paid after the distribution payment date in August 2021 will be paid to the Company’s stockholders in cash. The Company can provide stockholders with assistance on directing cash distribution payments and answering questions. The suspension of the DRP will not affect the payment of distributions to stockholders who previously received their distributions in cash. In addition, as a result of the suspension of the Amended & Restated SRP, the Company will not process or accept any requests for redemption received after July 26, 2021.
Letter Agreement
On July 26, 2021, the Company entered into a letter agreement (the “Letter Agreement”) with Rodney Emery, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Company Board, and Steadfast REIT Investments, LLC (“SRI”). Pursuant to the Letter Agreement, SRI agreed to indemnify the Company, STAR OP, their subsidiaries and their successors and assigns (including IRT, IRT OP and IRT Merger Sub and their subsidiaries) (collectively, the “Indemnified Parties”), for 75% of any costs, expenses, judgments, liabilities and payments, including settlement payments and attorneys’ fees, incurred or arising in connection with any direct or derivative claims brought by any stockholder of the Company or its successors and assigns alleging breaches of duties under law or contract, including but not limited to breaches by any current or former directors of the Company, in connection with the Internalization Transaction (the “Internalization Claims”), if and to the extent such costs, expenses, judgments, liabilities and payments, including settlement payments and attorneys’ fees are not paid for by the Company’s insurance provider (subject only to the $1.0 million self-insurance retention amount in the Company’s D&O insurance policies, which retention amount would not be included in the covered costs described above).
SRI’s obligations under the Letter Agreement are capped at the lower of $20.3 million or the value of the Collateral (as defined below) at the time payment is owed under the Letter Agreement and any payments made pursuant to the Letter Agreement must be made solely with the delivery of the Collateral.
As used in the Letter Agreement, “Collateral” means the following, now or later held by or on behalf of SRI: (i) 1,277,778 Class B OP Units, or any interests into which they are exchanged or convert, (ii) distributions (cash or in kind) on any such Class B OP Units (or converted interests), (iii) cash payable or securities issuable, from time to time, upon the redemption, conversion or exchange of any of the foregoing, and (iv) all proceeds of any of the foregoing.
55


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)
Item 1. Financial Statements (continued)

STEADFAST APARTMENT REIT, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2021
(unaudited)
In the event litigation is filed challenging the Company Merger that includes Internalization Claims and claims that are not Internalization Claims, then an allocation of costs, expenses, liabilities and payments, including settlement payments and attorneys’ fees (collectively, “Expenses”), shall be made to reflect Expenses that are reasonably attributable to the Company’s internalization transaction and are covered costs under the Letter Agreement, and any Expenses that are not covered costs under the Letter Agreement.
The Letter Agreement would terminate in the event the Merger Agreement terminates without the Merger Agreement having been consummated. SRI and Mr. Emery are relieved of their obligations under the Letter Agreement at such time that all of the Collateral, or Collateral valued at $20.3 million, whichever is first, has been applied in satisfaction of the portion of claims for which SRI is responsible, or when all applicable statute of limitations on Internalization Claims have expired and no Internalization Claims remain pending or unsatisfied.
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PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)

Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of Steadfast Apartment REIT, Inc. and the notes thereto. As used herein, the terms “we,” “our” and “us” refer to Steadfast Apartment REIT, Inc., a Maryland corporation.
Forward-Looking Statements
Certain statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Quarterly Report”) that are not historical facts (including any statements concerning investment objectives, other plans and objectives of management for future operations or economic performance, or assumptions or forecasts related thereto) are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act. These statements are only predictions. We caution that forward-looking statements are not guarantees. Actual events or our investments and results of operations could differ materially from those expressed or implied in any forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are typically identified by the use of terms such as “may,” “should,” “expect,” “could,” “intend,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “believe,” “continue,” “predict,” “potential” or the negative of such terms and other comparable terminology.
The forward-looking statements included herein are based upon our current expectations, plans, estimates, assumptions and beliefs that involve numerous risks and uncertainties. Assumptions relating to the foregoing involve judgments with respect to, among other things, future economic, competitive and market conditions and future business decisions, all of which are difficult or impossible to predict accurately and many of which are beyond our control. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, our actual results and performance could differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements. One factor that could have a material adverse effect on our operations and future prospects is the adverse effect of COVID-19 and its variants on the financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and performance of us and our tenants, the real estate market and the global economy and financial markets. The extent to which COVID-19 impacts us and our residents will depend on future developments, including the outbreak of new strains of the virus and the direct and indirect economic effects of the pandemic and containment measures, among others. Moreover, you should interpret many of the risks identified in this report, as well as the risks set forth above, as being heightened as a result of the ongoing and numerous adverse impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. Additional factors that could have a material adverse effect on our operations and future prospects include, but are not limited to:
the fact that we have had a net loss for each quarterly and annual period since inception; 
changes in economic conditions generally and the real estate and debt markets specifically; 
our ability to secure resident leases for our multifamily properties at favorable rental rates; 
risks inherent in the real estate business, including resident defaults, potential liability relating to environmental matters and the lack of liquidity of real estate investments; 
our pending merger with IRT
our ability to retain our key employees;
our ability to generate sufficient cash flows to pay distributions to our stockholders;
the Internalization Transaction (defined herein) may not be financially beneficial to us and our stockholders and our net income and funds from operations may decrease as a result of the Internalization Transaction;
legislative or regulatory changes (including changes to the laws governing the taxation of real estate investment trusts, or REITs); 
the impact of severe weather events;
the availability of capital; 
changes in interest rates; and
changes to generally accepted accounting principles, or GAAP.
Any of the assumptions underlying forward-looking statements could be inaccurate. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements included in this Quarterly Report. All forward-looking statements are made as of the date of this Quarterly Report and the risk that actual results will differ materially from the expectations expressed in this
57


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)

Quarterly Report will increase with the passage of time. Except as otherwise required by the federal securities laws, we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements after the date of this Quarterly Report, whether as a result of new information, future events, changed circumstances or any other reason. In light of the significant uncertainties inherent in the forward-looking statements included in this Quarterly Report, the inclusion of such forward-looking statements should not be regarded as a representation by us or any other person that the objectives and plans set forth in this Quarterly Report will be achieved.
All forward looking statements included herein should be read in connection with the risks identified in the “Risk Factors” section of this Quarterly Report and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, on March 12, 2021.
Overview
We were formed on August 22, 2013, as a Maryland corporation that elected to be taxed as, and qualifies as, a REIT. As of June 30, 2021, we owned and managed a diverse portfolio of 70 multifamily properties comprised of 21,936 apartment homes and three parcels of land held for the development of apartment homes. We may acquire additional multifamily properties or pursue multifamily development projects in the future.
Agreement and Plan of Merger
On July 26, 2021, we and Steadfast Apartment REIT Operating Partnership, L.P. our subsidiary operating partnership, or the Operating Partnership, entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger, or the Merger Agreement, with Independence Realty Trust, Inc., or IRT, IRT’s operating partnership, Independence Realty Operating Partnership, LP, or IRT OP, and IRSTAR Sub, LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of IRT, or IRT Merger Sub.
On the terms, and subject to the conditions of, the Merger Agreement, we will merge with and into IRT Merger Sub, which is referred to herein as the “Company Merger”, with IRT Merger Sub surviving the Company Merger as a wholly-owned subsidiary of IRT; and immediately thereafter, the Operating Partnership will merge with and into IRT OP, or the Partnership Merger, and, together with the Company Merger, the “IRT Mergers”, with IRT OP surviving the Partnership Merger.
In the Company Merger, each outstanding share of our common stock, par value $0.01 per share, will be converted automatically into the right to receive 0.905, or the Exchange Ratio, of a newly issued share of IRT common stock, par value $0.01 per share, or the IRT common stock.
In the Partnership Merger, each outstanding unit of limited partnership of the Operating Partnership will be converted into the right to receive the Exchange Ratio of a newly issued common unit of limited partnership of IRT OP, or the IRT common unit. Under the agreement of limited partnership of IRT OP, IRT common unitholders may generally tender their IRT common units, in whole or in part, to IRT OP for redemption for a cash amount based on the then-market price of an equivalent number of shares of IRT common stock, and IRT may thereupon elect, at its option, to satisfy the redemption by issuing one share of IRT common stock for each IRT common unit tendered for redemption.
Pursuant to the IRT Mergers, our stockholders will receive, in aggregate, in exchange for their shares of common stock, approximately, 99.8 million shares of IRT common stock and limited partners in our Operating Partnership will receive, in aggregate, in exchange for their operating partnership units, approximately 6.4 million IRT OP common units.
Consummation of the IRT Mergers is subject to customary closing conditions, including, among others, receipt of IRT stockholder approval and approval of our stockholders, and is expected to occur in the fourth quarter of 2021. For more information on the Mergers, see our Current Report on Form 8-K filed on July 26, 2021.
In connection with the approval of the IRT Mergers, on July 26, 2021, we announced that our board of directors, including all of our independent directors, voted to terminate our distribution reinvestment plan and the share repurchase plan, each termination effective as of the effective time of the Company Merger. Our board of directors, including all of our independent directors, also voted to suspend (1) the distribution reinvestment plan, effective as of the 10th day after notice is provided to stockholders and (2) indefinitely suspend the share repurchase plan, effective as of 30th day after notice is provided to stockholders.
As a result of the suspension of the distribution reinvestment plan, any distributions paid after the distribution payment date in August 2021, will be paid to our stockholders in cash. We can provide stockholders with assistance on directing cash distribution payments and answering questions. The suspension of the distribution reinvestment plan will not affect the payment of distributions to stockholders who previously received their distributions in cash. In addition, as a result of the suspension of the share repurchase plan, we will not process or accept any requests for redemption received after July 26, 2021.
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PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)

COVID-19 Impact
We are carefully monitoring the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on our business. During the quarter ended June 30, 2020, we instituted payment plans for our residents that were experiencing hardship due to COVID-19, which we refer to as the “COVID-19 Payment Plan.” Pursuant to the COVID-19 Payment Plan, we allowed qualifying residents to defer their rent, which is collected by us in monthly installment payments over the duration of the current lease or renewal term (which may not exceed 12 months). Additionally, for the months of May and June 2020, we provided certain qualifying residents with a one-time concession to incentivize their performance under the payment plan. If the qualifying resident failed to make payments pursuant to the COVID-19 Payment Plan, the concession was immediately terminated, and the qualifying resident was required to immediately repay the amount of the concession. Due to reduced demand, we did not offer residents any other payment plans during the remaining months of 2020. In the aggregate, approximately $2,043,200 in rent was subject to the COVID-19 Payment Plan, with $40,542 still due as of June 30, 2021.
In January 2021, we began offering an extension to the COVID-19 Payment Plan, or the Extension Plan, that allows eligible residents to defer their rent, which is collected by us in monthly installment payments over the lesser of the duration of the current lease term or a maximum of three months (with the exception of certain states that allow a maximum of six months deferral). Under the Extension Plan, no concessions are offered for residents with a payment plan duration of two months or less and residents who opted for the COVID-19 Payment Plan are not eligible to participate in the Extension Plan unless they paid off the amounts due under the COVID-19 Payment Plan. As of July 20, 2021, the number of qualifying residents who opted for the Extension Plan were 54 and approximately $47,000 in rent was subject to the Extension Plan.
During the quarter ended September 30, 2020, we initiated a debt forgiveness program for certain of our residents that were experiencing hardship due to COVID-19 and who were in default on their lease payments, which we refer to as the “Debt Forgiveness Program.” Pursuant to the Debt Forgiveness Program, we offered qualifying residents an opportunity to terminate the lease without being liable for any unpaid rent and penalties. We determined that accounts receivable of $2,110,657 related to the Debt Forgiveness Program are not probable of collection and therefore included these accounts in our reserve. In the aggregate, $298,576 of rent was written off as of June 30, 2021. As of June 30, 2021, approximately 55 of 323 residents that qualified for the Debt Forgiveness Program, vacated their apartment homes, terminating their lease resulting in the forgiveness and write-off of their debt. We may in the future continue to offer various types of payment plans or rent relief depending on the ongoing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.
During the six months ended June 30, 2021, we collected 96% in rent due pursuant to our leases. We collected 95% in rent due pursuant to our leases through July 20, 2021. We have reserved approximately $3,080,227 of accounts receivable which we consider not probable for collection. Although the COVID-19 pandemic has not materially impacted our rent collections, the future impact of COVID-19 is still unknown. We are currently working with residents at our communities to obtain rental relief assistance pursuant to the Emergency Rental Assistance Program adopted by the U.S. Department of Treasury.
Winter Storm
In February 2021, certain regions of the United States experienced winter storms and extreme cold temperatures, including in the states where we own and operate multifamily properties. The storms and the extreme cold temperatures resulted in power outages and freezing water pipes which negatively impacted some of our properties. Our properties are fully insured, and we expect the costs to be fully recoverable by insurance proceeds, less the plan’s deductible. During the six months ended June 30, 2021, we wrote off $14,902,551 of the carrying value of our fixed assets and recorded $8,261,990 of estimated repair expenses, with a corresponding increase in general and administrative expenses and an increase in our accounts payable and accrued liabilities, of which $6,849,973 has been paid as of June 30, 2021. We also recorded insurance recoveries of $23,164,541 for the estimated insurance claims proceeds in the amount of total losses incurred (as described above) as an increase in rents and other receivables with a corresponding decrease to general and administrative expenses. As a result, while our net loss for the six months ended June 30, 2021, was not impacted, we experienced a decrease in the carrying value of our real estate held for investment, net and increases to rents and other receivables and accounts payable and accrued liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets for six months ended June 30, 2021.
Public Offering
On December 30, 2013, we commenced our initial public offering of up to 66,666,667 shares of common stock at an initial price of $15.00 per share and up to 7,017,544 shares of common stock pursuant to our distribution reinvestment plan at an initial price of $14.25 per share. On March 24, 2016, we terminated our initial public offering. As of March 24, 2016, we had sold 48,625,651 shares of common stock for gross offering proceeds of $724,849,631, including 1,011,561 shares of common stock issued pursuant to our distribution reinvestment plan for gross offering proceeds of $14,414,752. Following the termination of our initial public offering, we continue to offer shares of our common stock pursuant to our distribution
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PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)

reinvestment plan. As of June 30, 2021, we had sold 112,167,095 shares of common stock for gross offering proceeds of $1,725,738,819, including 8,537,015 shares of common stock issued pursuant to our distribution reinvestment plan for gross offering proceeds of $128,009,661 and 56,016,053 shares of common stock issued in connection with the Mergers (as defined below).
On March 9, 2021, our board of directors determined an estimated value per share of our common stock of $15.55 as of December 31, 2020. In connection with the determination of an estimated value per share, our board of directors determined a purchase price per share for the distribution reinvestment plan of $15.55, effective April 1, 2021. In the future, our board of directors may, in its sole discretion and from time to time, change the price at which we offer shares pursuant to our distribution reinvestment plan to reflect changes in our estimated value per share and other factors that our board of directors deems relevant.
Merger with Steadfast Income REIT, Inc.
On August 5, 2019, we, Steadfast Income REIT, Inc., or SIR, our Operating Partnership, Steadfast Income REIT Operating Partnership, L.P., the operating partnership of SIR, or the SIR OP, and SI Subsidiary, LLC, or SIR Merger Sub, entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger, or the SIR Merger Agreement. Pursuant to the terms and conditions of the SIR Merger Agreement, on March 6, 2020, SIR merged with and into SIR Merger Sub with SIR Merger Sub surviving the merger, or the SIR Merger. Following the SIR Merger, SIR Merger Sub, as the surviving entity, continued as our wholly-owned subsidiary. In accordance with the applicable provisions of the Maryland General Corporation Law, or MGCL, the separate existence of SIR ceased.
At the effective time of the SIR Merger, each issued and outstanding share of SIR common stock (or a fraction thereof), $0.01 par value per share, converted into 0.5934 shares of our common stock.
Merger with Steadfast Apartment REIT III, Inc.
On August 5, 2019, we, Steadfast Apartment REIT III, Inc., or STAR III, our Operating Partnership, Steadfast Apartment REIT III Operating Partnership, L.P., the operating partnership of STAR III, or the STAR III OP, and SIII Subsidiary, LLC, or STAR III Merger Sub, entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger, or the STAR III Merger Agreement. Pursuant to the terms and conditions of the STAR III Merger Agreement, on March 6, 2020, STAR III merged with and into STAR III Merger Sub with STAR III Merger Sub surviving the merger, or the STAR III Merger, and together with the SIR Merger, the “Mergers.” Following the STAR III Merger, STAR III Merger Sub, as the surviving entity, continued as our wholly-owned subsidiary. In accordance with the applicable provisions of the MGCL, the separate existence of STAR III ceased.
At the effective time of the STAR III Merger, each issued and outstanding share of STAR III common stock (or a fraction thereof), $0.01 par value per share, was converted into 1.430 shares of our common stock.
Combined Company
Through the Mergers, we acquired 36 multifamily properties with 10,166 apartment homes and a 10% interest in one unconsolidated joint venture that owned 20 multifamily properties with a total of 4,584 apartment homes, all of which had a gross real estate value of approximately $1.5 billion. The combined company after the Mergers retained the name “Steadfast Apartment REIT, Inc.” Each merger qualified as a “reorganization” under, and within the meaning of, Section 368(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the Internal Revenue Code.
Pre-Internalization Operating Partnerships Merger
On August 28, 2020, pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger, our Operating Partnership merged with and into the SIR OP, or the SIR OP/STAR OP Merger. The SIR OP/STAR OP Merger was treated for U.S. federal income tax purposes as a tax-deferred contribution by us of all of the assets and liabilities of STAR Operating Partnership to SIR OP under Section 721(a) of the Internal Revenue Code.
Immediately following the consummation of the SIR OP/STAR OP Merger, on August 28, 2020, pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger, STAR III OP merged with and into SIR OP, or the Operating Partnership Merger, and together with the SIR OP/STAR OP Merger, the Operating Partnership Mergers, with SIR OP being the “resulting partnership” and STAR III OP terminating.
On August 28, 2020, SIR OP changed its name to “Steadfast Apartment REIT Operating Partnership, L.P.”, which is referred to herein as the “Operating Partnership.” In addition, on August 28, 2020, prior to completion of the Operating Partnership Mergers, we acquired STAR III Merger Sub. On August 28, 2020, SIR Merger Sub, as the initial general partner of the Operating Partnership, transferred all of its general partnership interests to us, and we were admitted as a substitute general partner of the Operating Partnership.
60


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)

On August 28, 2020, we, Steadfast Income Advisor, LLC, the initial limited partner of the Operating Partnership, or SIR Advisor, Steadfast Apartment Advisor III, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and the special limited partner of the Operating Partnership, or STAR III Advisor, Wellington VVM LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and limited partner of the Operating Partnership, or Wellington, and Copans VVM, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and limited partner of the Operating Partnership, or Copans, and together with Wellington, “VV&M”, entered into a Second Amended and Restated Agreement of Limited Partnership, or the Second A&R Partnership Agreement, in order to, among other things, reflect the consummation of the Operating Partnership Mergers.
The purpose of the pre-internalization Operating Partnership Mergers was to simplify our corporate structure so that we had a single operating partnership as our direct subsidiary.
Internalization Transaction
On August 31, 2020, we and the Operating Partnership entered into a series of transactions and agreements (such transactions and agreements hereinafter collectively referred to as the “Internalization Transaction”), with Steadfast REIT Investments, LLC, our former sponsor, or SRI, which resulted in the internalization of our external management functions provided by Steadfast Apartment Advisor, LLC, our former external advisor, which we refer to as our “Former Advisor,” and its affiliates. Prior to the Internalization Closing, which took place contemporaneously with the execution of the Contribution & Purchase Agreement (as defined below) on August 31, 2020, or the Internalization Closing, Steadfast Investment Properties, Inc., a California corporation, or SIP, Steadfast REIT Services, Inc., a California corporation, or Steadfast REIT Services, and their respective affiliates owned and operated all of the assets necessary to operate as a self-managed company, and employed all the employees necessary to operate as a self-managed company.
Pursuant to a Contribution and Purchase Agreement, between us, the Operating Partnership and SRI, SRI contributed to the Operating Partnership all of the membership interests in STAR RS Holdings, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, or SRSH, and the assets and rights necessary to operate as a self-managed company in all material respects, and the liabilities associated with such assets and rights, or the Contribution, in exchange for $124,999,000, which was paid as follows: (1) $31,249,000 in cash, or the Cash Consideration, and (2) 6,155,613.92 Class B units of limited partnership interests in the Operating Partnership, or the Class B OP Units, having the agreed value set forth in the Contribution and Purchase Agreement, or the OP Unit Consideration. In addition, we purchased all of our Class A Convertible Stock held by the Former Advisor for $1,000. As a result of the Internalization Transaction, we became self-managed and acquired components of the advisory, asset management and property management operations of the Former Advisor and its affiliates by hiring the employees, who comprise the workforce necessary for the management and day-to-day real estate and accounting operations for us and the Operating Partnership. Additional information on the Internalization Transaction can be found on our Current Report in Form 8-K filed with the SEC on September 3, 2020. See also Note 3 (Internalization Transaction) to our consolidated financial statements in this Quarterly Report.
On July 16, 2021, we received a derivative demand letter addressed to our board of directors, purportedly sent on behalf of two stockholders, relating to the Internalization Transaction. The letter demanded that our board of directors appoint a committee to investigate the Internalization Transaction and, among other things, determine whether there exists any basis for us to pursue claims relating to that transaction, including for recovery of payments made in the transaction. We are considering the request.
The Former Advisor
Prior to the Internalization Transaction, our day-to-day operations were externally managed by the Former Advisor, pursuant to the Amended and Restated Advisory Agreement effective as of March 6, 2020, by and between us and the Former Advisor, as amended, the “Advisory Agreement.” On August 31, 2020, prior to the Internalization Closing, we, the Former Advisor and the Operating Partnership entered into a Joinder Agreement pursuant to which the Operating Partnership became a party to the Advisory Agreement. On August 31, 2020, prior to the Internalization Closing, we and the Former Advisor entered into the First Amendment to Amended and Restated Advisory Agreement in order to remove certain restrictions in the Advisory Agreement related to business combinations and to provide that any amounts accrued to the Former Advisor commencing on September 1, 2020 were paid in cash to the Former Advisor by the Operating Partnership. In connection with the Internalization Transaction, STAR REIT Services, LLC, our subsidiary, or SRS, assumed the rights and obligations of the Advisory Agreement from the Former Advisor.
The Operating Partnership
Substantially all of our business is conducted through the Operating Partnership. We are the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership. As a condition to the Internalization Closing, on August 31, 2020, we, as the general partner and parent of the Operating Partnership, SRI and VV&M entered into a Third Amended and Restated Agreement of Limited Partnership of the Operating Partnership, which is referred to herein as the “Operating Partnership Agreement”, to restate the Second A&R Partnership Agreement in order to, among other things, remove references to the limited partner interests previously held by
61


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)

SIR Advisor and STAR III Advisor, reflect the consummation of the Contribution, and designate Class B OP Units that were issued as the OP Unit Consideration.
The Operating Partnership Agreement provides that the Operating Partnership will be operated in a manner that will enable us to (1) satisfy the requirements for being classified as a REIT for federal income tax purposes, (2) avoid any federal income or excise tax liability and (3) ensure that the Operating Partnership will not be classified as a “publicly traded partnership” for purposes of Section 7704 of the Internal Revenue Code, which classification could result in the Operating Partnership being taxed as a corporation, rather than as a disregarded entity.
We elected to be taxed as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code commencing with our taxable year ended December 31, 2014. As a REIT, we generally will not be subject to federal income tax to the extent that we distribute qualifying dividends to our stockholders. If we fail to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year, we would be subject to federal income tax on our taxable income at regular corporate rates and would not be permitted to qualify for treatment as a REIT for federal income tax purposes for four years following the year in which qualification is lost, unless the Internal Revenue Service grants us relief under certain statutory provisions. Failing to qualify as a REIT could materially and adversely affect our net income and results of operations.
Market Outlook
The global COVID-19 pandemic and resulting shutdown of large components of the U.S. economy has created significant uncertainty and enhanced investment risk across many asset classes, including real estate. The degree to which our business is impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic will depend on a number of variables, including access to testing and vaccines, the reimposition of “shelter in place” orders, new strains of the virus and the continuation of new COVID-19 cases throughout the world.
While all property classes have been adversely impacted by last year’s economic downturn, we believe we are well-positioned to navigate this unprecedented period. We believe multifamily properties have been less adversely impacted than hospitality and retail properties, and our portfolio of moderate-income apartments should outperform other classes of multifamily properties. We also believe that long-run economic and demographic trends should benefit our existing portfolio. Home ownership rates should remain low. Millennials and Baby Boomers, the two largest demographic groups comprising roughly half of the total population in the United States, are expected to continue to increasingly choose rental housing over home ownership. Baby Boomers are downsizing their suburban homes and relocating to multifamily apartments while Millennials are renting multifamily apartments due to high levels of student debt and increased credit standards in order to qualify for a home mortgage. These factors should lead to continued growth as the economy recovers.

62


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)

Our Real Estate Portfolio
As of June 30, 2021, we owned the 70 multifamily apartment communities and three parcels of land held for the development of apartment homes listed below:
Average Monthly Occupancy(1)
Average Monthly Rent(2)
Property NameLocationPurchase DateNumber of HomesPurchase Price
Mortgage Debt Outstanding(3)
Jun 30, 2021Dec 31, 2020Jun 30, 2021Dec 31, 2020
1Villages at Spring
   Hill Apartments
Spring Hill,
TN
5/22/2014176 $14,200,000 (4)98.9 %95.5 %$1,120 $1,093 
2Harrison Place
   Apartments
Indianapolis,
IN
6/30/2014307 27,864,250 (4)97.7 %96.1 %995 967 
3The Residences on
   McGinnis Ferry
Suwanee,
GA
10/16/2014696 98,500,000 (4)96.3 %95.1 %1,379 1,331 
4The 1800 at Barrett
   Lakes
Kennesaw,
GA
11/20/2014500 49,000,000 40,674,187 98.0 %95.4 %1,114 1,089 
5The OasisColorado
Springs, CO
12/19/2014252 40,000,000 39,543,649 96.4 %94.4 %1,455 1,411 
6Columns on
   Wetherington
Florence, KY2/26/2015192 25,000,000 (4)97.9 %95.3 %1,205 1,134 
7Preston Hills at
   Mill Creek
Buford, GA3/10/2015464 51,000,000 (4)97.4 %96.6 %1,230 1,193 
8Eagle Lake
  Landing
   Apartments
Speedway, IN3/27/2015277 19,200,000 (4)96.0 %91.3 %870 826 
9Reveal on
   Cumberland
Fishers, IN3/30/2015220 29,500,000 20,879,557 97.3 %96.8 %1,147 1,125 
10Heritage Place
   Apartments
Franklin, TN4/27/2015105 9,650,000 8,605,842 95.2 %96.2 %1,159 1,132 
11Rosemont at East
   Cobb
Marietta, GA5/21/2015180 16,450,000 13,276,942 97.8 %95.6 %1,094 1,071 
12Ridge Crossings
   Apartments
Hoover, AL5/28/2015720 72,000,000 57,744,175 96.5 %95.1 %1,038 1,008 
13Bella Terra at City
   Center
Aurora, CO6/11/2015304 37,600,000 (4)96.4 %95.1 %1,177 1,153 
14Hearthstone at City
   Center
Aurora, CO6/25/2015360 53,400,000 (4)96.4 %93.3 %1,221 1,149 
15Arbors at
   Brookfield
Mauldin, SC6/30/2015702 66,800,000 (4)94.3 %94.7 %932 901 
16Carrington ParkKansas City, MO8/19/2015298 39,480,000 (4)97.3 %95.0 %1,080 1,063 
17Delano at North
   Richland Hills
North Richland
Hills, TX
8/26/2015263 38,500,000 31,876,472 95.8 %97.0 %1,467 1,492 
18Meadows at North
   Richland Hills
North Richland
Hills, TX
8/26/2015252 32,600,000 26,635,748 92.1 %97.2 %1,439 1,417 
19Kensington by the
   Vineyard
Euless, TX8/26/2015259 46,200,000 33,364,644 96.9 %96.5 %1,482 1,470 
20Monticello by the
   Vineyard
Euless, TX9/23/2015354 52,200,000 40,901,065 98.0 %95.2 %1,348 1,315 
21The ShoresOklahoma City,
OK
9/29/2015300 36,250,000 23,191,700 97.3 %96.3 %1,057 1,031 
22Lakeside at CoppellCoppell, TX10/7/2015315 60,500,000 47,949,546 94.9 %94.9 %1,727 1,708 
23Meadows at River
   Run
Bolingbrook, IL10/30/2015374 58,500,000 41,429,758 96.0 %95.2 %1,456 1,421 
24PeakView at
   T-Bone Ranch
Greeley, CO12/11/2015224 40,300,000 (4)92.9 %94.2 %1,344 1,340 
25Park Valley
   Apartments
Smyrna, GA12/11/2015496 51,400,000 48,670,737 97.6 %96.4 %1,058 1,051 
26PeakView by
   Horseshoe Lake
Loveland, CO12/18/2015222 44,200,000 38,079,007 98.6 %95.5 %1,414 1,396 
63


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)

Average Monthly Occupancy(1)
Average Monthly Rent(2)
Property NameLocationPurchase DateNumber of HomesPurchase Price
Mortgage Debt Outstanding(3)
Jun 30, 2021Dec 31, 2020Jun 30, 2021Dec 31, 2020
27Stoneridge FarmsSmyrna, TN12/30/2015336 $47,750,000 $45,400,708 95.2 %94.6 %$1,267 $1,239 
28Fielder’s CreekEnglewood, CO3/23/2016217 32,400,000 (4)95.9 %94.9 %1,206 1,180 
29Landings of
   Brentwood
Brentwood, TN5/18/2016724 110,000,000 — 96.4 %95.4 %1,274 1,252 
301250 West
   Apartments
Marietta, GA8/12/2016468 55,772,500 (4)97.0 %96.4 %1,125 1,051 
31Sixteen50 @ Lake
   Ray Hubbard
Rockwall, TX9/29/2016334 66,050,000 (4)97.9 %96.4 %1,530 1,485 
32
Garrison Station(5)
Murfreesboro,
TN
5/30/201995 17,703,957 14,831,682 57.9 %— %1,207 — 
33Eleven10 @
   Farmers Market
Dallas, TX1/28/2020313 62,063,929 35,175,943 95.5 %94.2 %1,343 1,379 
34Patina Flats at the
   Foundry
Loveland, CO2/11/2020155 45,123,782 (4)96.1 %93.5 %1,339 1,275 
35
Clarion Park
   Apartments(6)
Olathe, KS3/6/2020220 21,121,795 12,637,163 95.0 %93.6 %807 843 
36
Spring Creek
   Apartments(6)
Edmond, OK3/6/2020252 28,186,894 16,976,264 97.6 %96.0 %872 895 
37
Montclair Parc
   Apartment
     Homes(6)
Oklahoma
City, OK
3/6/2020360 40,352,125 (7)94.4 %96.1 %861 905 
38
Hilliard Park
   Apartments(6)
Columbus,
OH
3/6/2020201 28,599,225 11,677,454 97.0 %97.0 %1,201 1,149 
39
Sycamore Terrace
   Apartments(6)
Terre Haute,
IN
3/6/2020250 34,419,259 23,015,965 96.4 %94.8 %1,187 1,155 
40
Hilliard Summit
   Apartments(6)
Columbus,
OH
3/6/2020208 31,087,442 14,121,206 97.6 %95.7 %1,277 1,260 
41
Forty 57
   Apartments(6)
Lexington,
KY
3/6/2020436 63,030,831 33,515,762 98.2 %95.2 %987 964 
42
Riverford Crossing
   Apartments(6)
Frankfort,
KY
3/6/2020300 38,139,145 19,114,002 97.3 %95.7 %1,061 1,002 
43
Hilliard Grand
   Apartments(6)
Dublin, OH3/6/2020314 50,549,232 23,793,453 96.5 %94.3 %1,306 1,280 
44
Deep Deuce at
   Bricktown(6)
Oklahoma
City, OK
3/6/2020294 52,519,973 33,340,580 95.2 %95.2 %1,239 1,242 
45
Retreat at Quail
   North(6)
Oklahoma
City, OK
3/6/2020240 31,945,162 13,482,796 97.1 %97.1 %982 986 
46
Tapestry Park
   Apartments(8)
Birmingham,
AL
3/6/2020354 68,840,769 48,699,796 93.5 %97.2 %1,414 1,380 
47
BriceGrove Park
   Apartments(6)
Canal
Winchester,
OH
3/6/2020240 27,854,616 (7)97.5 %94.6 %978 936 
48
Retreat at Hamburg
   Place(6)
Lexington, KY3/6/2020150 21,341,085 (7)98.0 %97.3 %1,051 1,026 
49
Villas at
   Huffmeister(6)
Houston, TX3/6/2020294 41,720,117 27,290,725 98.6 %97.6 %1,170 1,190 
50
Villas of
   Kingwood(6)
Kingwood,
TX
3/6/2020330 54,428,708 34,717,002 96.1 %95.5 %1,220 1,207 
51
Waterford Place at
   Riata Ranch(6)
Cypress, TX3/6/2020228 28,278,262 (7)95.6 %95.2 %1,132 1,122 
52
Carrington Place(6)
Houston, TX3/6/2020324 42,258,525 (7)96.6 %95.7 %1,093 1,059 
53
Carrington at
   Champion
     Forest(6)
Houston, TX3/6/2020284 37,280,704 (7)96.5 %94.7 %1,092 1,103 
54
Carrington Park at
   Huffmeister(6)
Cypress, TX3/6/2020232 33,032,451 20,819,072 97.4 %97.0 %1,195 1,179 
64


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)

Average Monthly Occupancy(1)
Average Monthly Rent(2)
Property NameLocationPurchase DateNumber of HomesPurchase Price
Mortgage Debt Outstanding(3)
Jun 30, 2021Dec 31, 2020Jun 30, 2021Dec 31, 2020
55
Heritage Grand at
   Sienna
    Plantation(6)
Missouri
City, TX
3/6/2020240 $32,796,345 $14,098,517 96.7 %95.4 %$1,105 $1,104 
56
Mallard Crossing
   Apartments(6)
Loveland,
OH
3/6/2020350 52,002,345 (7)94.3 %94.9 %1,169 1,150 
57
Reserve at
   Creekside(6)
Chattanooga,
TN
3/6/2020192 24,522,910 15,042,588 98.4 %95.8 %1,153 1,096 
58
Oak Crossing
   Apartments(6)
Fort Wayne,
IN
3/6/2020222 32,391,032 21,569,095 98.6 %94.6 %1,050 1,026 
59
Double Creek
   Flats(6)
Plainfield, IN3/6/2020240 35,490,439 23,571,744 97.5 %95.8 %1,110 1,075 
60
Jefferson at
   Perimeter
    Apartments(6)
Dunwoody,
GA
3/6/2020504 113,483,898 73,020,091 95.0 %96.2 %1,355 1,334 
61
Bristol Village
   Apartments(6)
Aurora, CO3/6/2020240 62,019,009 34,980,995 96.3 %96.7 %1,451 1,400 
62
Canyon Resort at
   Great Hills
    Apartments(6)
Austin, TX3/6/2020256 48,319,858 31,644,623 89.5 %95.3 %1,375 1,371 
63
Reflections on
   Sweetwater
    Apartments(6)
Lawrenceville,
GA
3/6/2020280 47,727,470 30,837,085 98.2 %97.5 %1,168 1,148 
64
The Pointe at Vista
   Ridge(6)
Lewisville,
TX
3/6/2020300 51,625,394 31,023,229 98.0 %96.0 %1,300 1,282 
65
Belmar Villas(6)
Lakewood,
CO
3/6/2020318 79,351,923 46,819,687 95.6 %94.7 %1,362 1,355 
66
Sugar Mill
   Apartments(6)
Lawrenceville,
GA
3/6/2020244 42,784,645 24,832,254 97.5 %96.7 %1,211 1,154 
67
Avery Point
   Apartments(6)
Indianapolis,
IN
3/6/2020512 55,706,852 31,268,630 94.7 %95.3 %867 841 
68
Cottage Trails at
   Culpepper
    Landing(6)
Chesapeake,
VA
3/6/2020183 34,657,950 23,127,034 98.4 %97.8 %1,473 1,410 
69
Arista at
   Broomfield(8)
Broomfield, CO3/13/2020— 8,950,417 — — %— %— — 
70VV&M
   Apartments
Dallas, TX4/21/2020310 59,969,074 45,328,745 96.8 %92.6 %1,309 1,363 
71
Flatirons
   Apartments(9)
Broomfield, CO6/19/2020— 8,989,353 — — %— %— — 
72Los RoblesSan Antonio, TX11/19/2020306 51,620,836 — 96.4 %90.5 %1,272 1,261 
73Ballpark Apartments
   at Town Madison
Huntsville,
AL
6/29/2021274 77,466,685 — 92.7 %— %1,438 — 
21,936 $3,254,370,156 $1,388,596,919 96.2 %95.4 %$1,198 $1,173 
________________
(1)As of June 30, 2021, our portfolio was approximately 98.1% leased, calculated using the number of occupied and contractually leased apartment homes divided by total apartment homes.
(2)Average monthly rent is based upon the effective rental income for the month of June 2021 after considering the effect of vacancies, concessions and write-offs.
(3)Mortgage debt outstanding is net of deferred financing costs, net and premiums and discounts, net associated with the loans for each individual property listed above but excludes the principal balance of $750,477,000 and associated deferred financing costs of $5,191,773 related to the refinancings pursuant to our credit facilities and revolver, each as described herein.
(4)Properties secured under the terms of the Master Credit Facility Agreement, or MCFA, with Newmark Group Inc., formerly Berkeley Point Capital, LLC, or the Facility Lender.
65


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)

(5)We acquired the Garrison Station property on May 30, 2019, which included unimproved land, currently zoned as a planned unit development, or PUD. The current zoning permits the development of the property into a multifamily community with 176 apartment homes of 1, 2 and 3-bedrooms with a typical mix for this market. On October 16, 2019, we obtained a loan from PNC Bank, National Association, or PNC Bank, in an amount up to a maximum principal balance of $19,800,000 to finance a portion of the development and construction. As of June 30, 2021, five buildings comprised of 95 apartment homes were placed in service and were 95.7% leased, and are included within total real estate held for investment, net in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
(6)We acquired 36 real estate properties in the Mergers on March 6, 2020, for an aggregate purchase price of $1,575,891,924, which represents the fair value of the acquired real estate assets including capitalized transaction costs.
(7)Properties secured under the terms of a Master Credit Facility Agreement with PNC Bank, or the PNC MCFA.
(8)We acquired the Arista at Broomfield property on March 13, 2020, which included unimproved land, currently zoned as a PUD. The current zoning permits the development of the property into a multifamily community with 325 apartment homes of 1, 2 and 3-bedrooms with a typical mix for this market.
(9)We acquired the Flatirons property on June 19, 2020, which included unimproved land, currently zoned as a PUD. The current zoning permits the development of the property into a multifamily community with 296 apartment homes of studio, 1 and 2-bedrooms with a typical mix for this market.
Critical Accounting Policies 
The preparation of our financial statements requires significant management judgments, assumptions and estimates about matters that are inherently uncertain. These judgments affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and our disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods. With different estimates or assumptions, materially different amounts could be reported in our financial statements. Additionally, other companies may utilize different estimates that may impact the comparability of our results of operations to those of companies in similar businesses. Our critical accounting policies are described in more detail in the section entitled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the SEC on March 12, 2021. There have been no significant changes in our critical accounting policies from those reported in our Annual Report, or the Annual Report, except for the accounting policy regarding casualty loss, which is described below. With respect to these critical accounting policies, we believe that the application of judgments and assessments is consistently applied and produces financial information that fairly depicts the results of operations for all periods presented.
Casualty Loss
We carry liability insurance to mitigate our exposure to certain losses, including those relating to property damage and business interruption. We record the estimated amount of expected insurance proceeds for property damage and other losses incurred as an asset (typically a receivable from the insurer) and income up to the amount of the losses incurred when receipt of insurance proceeds is deemed probable. Any amount of insurance recovery in excess of the amount of the losses incurred is considered a gain contingency and is recorded in other income when the proceeds are received. During the six months ended June 30, 2021, we incurred property damage and other losses of $23,164,541, which was recorded as general and administrative expenses, with a corresponding insurance recoveries income up to the amount of losses incurred (as described above) within general and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.
Distributions
Our board of directors has declared daily distributions that are paid on a monthly basis. We expect to continue paying monthly distributions unless our results of operations, our general financial condition, general economic conditions or other factors prohibit us from doing so. We may declare distributions in excess of our funds from operations. As a result, our distribution rate and payment frequency may vary from time to time. However, to qualify as a REIT for tax purposes, we must make distributions equal to at least 90% of our “REIT taxable income” each year.
Distributions declared (1) accrued daily to our stockholders of record as of the close of business on each day, (2) are payable in cumulative amounts on or before the third day of each calendar month with respect to the prior month and (3) were calculated at a rate of $0.002466 per share per day during the month of January 2021, which if paid each day over a 365-day period, is equivalent to $0.90 per share, and were calculated at a rate of $0.001438 per share per day commencing on February 1, 2021 through June 30, 2021, which if paid each day over a 365-day period, is equivalent to $0.525 per share.
66


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION (continued)

The distributions declared and paid during the first and second fiscal quarters ended June 30, 2021, along with the amount of distributions reinvested pursuant to the distribution reinvestment plan were as follows:
Distributions Paid(3)
Sources of Distributions Paid
Period
Distributions Declared(1)
Distributions Declared Per Share(1)(2)
CashReinvestedTotalCash Flow From OperationsFunds Equal to Amounts Reinvested in our Distribution Reinvestment PlanNet Cash Provided by Operating Activities
1st Quarter 2021$18,909,212 $0.161 $18,012,522 $4,600,603 $22,613,125 $4,040,865 $18,572,260 $4,040,865 
2nd Quarter 202115,355,645 0.131 12,412,151 3,108,489 15,520,640 15,520,640 — 25,001,402 
$34,264,857 $0.292 $30,424,673 $7,709,092 $38,133,765 $19,561,505 $18,572,260 $29,042,267 
____________________
(1)Distributions during the month ended January 2021 were based on daily record dates and calculated at a rate of $0.002466 per share per day. On January 12, 2021, our board of directors determined to reduce the distribution rate to $0.001438 per share per day commencing on February 1, 2021 and ending February 28, 2021, which was extended through June 30, 2021, and which if paid each day over a 365-day period is equivalent to $0.525 per share.
(2)Assumes each share was issued and outstanding each day during the period presented.
(3)Distributions are paid on a monthly basis. Distributions for all record dates of a given month are paid approximately three days following month end.
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, we paid aggregate distributions of $15,520,640 and $38,133,765, including $12,412,151 and $30,424,673 of distributions paid in cash and 199,903 and 501,978 shares of our common stock issued pursuant to our distribution reinvestment plan for $3,108,489 and $7,709,092, respectively. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, our net loss was $13,700,912 and $28,510,475, we had funds from operations, or FFO, of $19,351,234 and $38,193,000 and net cash provided by operations of $25,001,402 and $29,042,267, respectively. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, we funded $15,520,640 and $19,561,505, or 100% and 51%, of total distributions paid, including shares issued pursuant to our distribution reinvestment plan, from net cash provided by operating activities and $0 and $18,572,260, or 0% and 49%, from funds equal to our distribution reinvestment plan, respectively. Since inception, of the $324,530,825 in total distributions paid through June 30, 2021, including shares issued pursuant to our distribution reinvestment plan, 67% of such amounts were funded from cash flow from operations, 27% were funded from funds equal to amounts reinvested in our distribution reinvestment plan and 6% were funded from net public offering proceeds. For information on how we calculate FFO and the reconciliation of FFO to net loss, see “—Funds from Operations and Modified Funds from Operations.”
Our long-term policy is to pay distributions solely from cash flow from operations. Because we may receive income from interest or rents at various times during our fiscal year and because we may need cash flow from operations during a particular period to fund capital expenditures and other expenses, we expect that from time to time during our operational stage, we will declare distributions in anticipation of cash flow that we expect to receive during a later period, and we expect to pay these distributions in advance of our actual receipt of these funds. In these instances, our board of directors has the authority under our organizational documents, to the extent permitted by Maryland law, to fund distributions from sources such as borrowings or offering proceeds. We have not established a limit on the amount of proceeds we may use from sources other than cash flow from operations to fund distributions. If we pay distributions from sources other than cash flow from operations, we will have fewer funds available for investments.
We continue to monitor the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on our liquidity. Our operations could be materially negatively affected if the economic downturn is prolonged, which could adversely affect our operating results and therefore our ability to pay our distributions.
Inflation
Substantially all of our multifamily property leases are for a term of one year or less. In an inflationary environment, this may allow us to realize increased rents upon renewal of existing leases or the beginning of new leases. Short-term leases generally will minimize our risk from the adverse effects of inflation, although these leases generally permit residents to leave
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at the end of the lease term and therefore will expose us to the effects of a decline in market rents. In a deflationary rent environment, we may be exposed to declining rents more quickly under these shorter term leases.
With respect to other commercial properties, we expect in the future to include provisions in our leases designed to protect us from the impact of inflation. These provisions include reimbursement billings for operating expense pass-through charges, real estate tax and insurance reimbursements, or in some cases annual reimbursement of operating expenses above a certain allowance.
As of June 30, 2021, we had not entered into any material leases as a lessee, except for a sub-lease entered into in connection with the Internalization Transaction on September 1, 2020. See Note 10 (Related Party Arrangements) to our consolidated financial statements in this Quarterly Report for details.
REIT Compliance
To continue to qualify as a REIT for tax purposes, we are required to distribute at least 90% of our REIT taxable income (which is computed without regard to the dividends-paid deduction or net capital gain and which does not necessarily equal net income as calculated in accordance with GAAP) to our stockholders. We must also meet certain asset and income tests, as well as other requirements. We monitor the operations and transactions that may potentially impact our REIT status. If we fail to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year following the year we initially elected to be taxed as a REIT, we would be subject to federal income tax on our taxable income at regular corporate rates.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
We use secured borrowings, and intend to use in the future secured and unsecured borrowings. At June 30, 2021, our debt was approximately 56% of the value of our properties, as determined by the most recent valuations performed by an independent third-party appraiser as of December 31, 2020. Going forward, we expect that our borrowings (after debt amortization) will be approximately 55% to 60% of the value of our properties and other real estate-related assets. Under our charter, we are prohibited from borrowing in excess of 300% of the value of our net assets, which generally approximates to 75% of the aggregate cost of our assets, though we may exceed this limit only under certain circumstances.
Our principal demand for funds will be to fund value-enhancement, a portion of development projects and other capital improvement projects, to pay operating expenses and interest on our outstanding indebtedness and to make distributions to our stockholders. Over time, we intend to generally fund our cash needs, other than asset acquisitions, from operations. Otherwise, we expect that our principal sources of working capital will include:
unrestricted cash balance, which was $160,949,592 as of June 30, 2021;
various forms of secured and unsecured financing;
equity capital from joint venture partners; and
proceeds from our distribution reinvestment plan.
Over the short term, we believe that our sources of capital, specifically our cash balances, cash flow from operations, our ability to raise equity capital from joint venture partners and our ability to obtain various forms of secured and unsecured financing will be adequate to meet our liquidity requirements and capital commitments.
Over the longer term, in addition to the same sources of capital we will rely on to meet our short-term liquidity requirements, we may also conduct additional public or private offerings of our securities, refinance debt or dispose of assets to fund our operating activities, debt service, distributions and future property acquisitions and development projects. We expect these resources will be adequate to fund our ongoing operating activities as well as providing capital for investment in future development and other joint ventures along with potential forward purchase commitments.
Credit Facilities
Master Credit Facility
On July 31, 2018, 16 of our indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries terminated the existing mortgage loans with their lenders for an aggregate principal amount of $479,318,649 and entered into the MCFA with the Facility Lender, for an aggregate principal amount of $551,669,000. On February 11, 2020, in connection with the financing of Patina Flats at the Foundry, we and the Facility Lender amended the MCFA to include Patina Flats at the Foundry and an unencumbered multifamily property owned by us as substitute collateral for three multifamily properties disposed of and released from the MCFA. We also increased our
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outstanding borrowings pursuant to the MCFA by $40,468,000, a portion of which was attributable to the acquisition of Patina Flats at the Foundry. The MCFA provides for four tranches: (1) a fixed rate loan in the aggregate principal amount of $331,001,400 that accrues interest at 4.43% per annum; (2) a fixed rate loan in the aggregate principal amount of $137,917,250 that accrues interest at 4.57% per annum; (3) a variable rate loan in the aggregate principal amount of $82,750,350 that accrues interest at the one-month London Interbank Offered Rate, or LIBOR, plus 1.70% per annum; and (4) a fixed rate loan in the aggregate principal amount of $40,468,000 that accrues interest at 3.34% per annum. The first three tranches have a maturity date of August 1, 2028, and the fourth tranche has a maturity date of March 1, 2030, unless, in each case, the maturity date is accelerated in accordance with the terms of the loan documents. Interest only payments are payable monthly through August 1, 2025 and April 1, 2027 on the first three tranches and fourth tranche, respectively, with interest and principal payments due monthly thereafter. We paid $2,072,480 in the aggregate in loan origination fees to the Facility Lender in connection with the refinancings, and paid our Former Advisor a loan coordination fee of $3,061,855.
PNC Master Credit Facility
On June 17, 2020, seven of our indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries, each a “Borrower” and collectively, the “Facility Borrowers” entered into the PNC MCFA with PNC Bank, for an aggregate principal amount of $158,340,000. The PNC MCFA provides for two tranches: (1) a fixed rate loan in the aggregate principal amount of $79,170,000 that accrues interest at 2.82% per annum; and (2) a variable rate loan in the aggregate principal amount of $79,170,000 that accrues interest at the one-month LIBOR plus 2.135% per annum. If LIBOR is no longer posted through electronic transmission, is no longer available or, in PNC Bank’s determination, is no longer widely accepted or has been replaced as the index for similar financial instruments, PNC Bank will choose a new index taking into account general comparability to LIBOR and other factors, including any adjustment factor to preserve the relative economic positions of the Borrowers and PNC Bank with respect to any advances made pursuant to the PNC MCFA. We paid $633,360 in the aggregate in loan origination fees to PNC Bank in connection with the financings, and paid the Former Advisor a loan coordination fee of $791,700.
Revolving Credit Loan Facility
On June 26, 2020, we entered into a revolving credit loan facility, or the Revolver, with PNC Bank in an amount not to exceed $65,000,000. The Revolver provides for advances, each, a “Revolver Loan”, solely for the purpose of financing the costs in connection with acquisitions and development of real estate projects and for general corporate purposes (subject to certain debt service and loan to value requirements). The Revolver has a maturity date of June 26, 2023, subject to extension, as further described in the loan agreement. Advances made under the Revolver are secured by the Landings at Brentwood property.
We have the option to select the interest rate in respect of the outstanding unpaid principal amount of the Revolver Loans from the following options: (1) a fluctuating rate per annum equal to the sum of the daily LIBOR rate plus the daily LIBOR rate spread or (2) a fluctuating rate per annum equal to the base rate plus the alternate rate spread. No amounts were outstanding on the Revolver as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the advances obtained and certain financing costs incurred under the MCFA, PNC MCFA and the Revolver, which is included in credit facilities, net, in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets, are summarized in the following table.
Amount of Advance as of
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Principal balance on MCFA, gross$592,137,000 $592,137,000 
Principal balance on PNC MCFA, gross158,340,000 158,340,000 
Deferred financing costs, net on MCFA(1)
(3,202,518)(3,436,850)
Deferred financing costs, net on PNC MCFA(2)
(1,599,176)(1,689,935)
Deferred financing costs, net on Revolver(3)
(390,079)(487,329)
Credit facilities, net$745,285,227 $744,862,886 
_______________
(1)    Accumulated amortization related to deferred financing costs in respect of the MCFA as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, was $1,532,597 and $1,298,265, respectively.
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(2)    Accumulated amortization related to deferred financing costs in respect of the PNC MCFA as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, was $190,042 and $99,283, respectively.
(3)    Accumulated amortization related to deferred financing costs in respect of the Revolver as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, was $198,799 and $101,549, respectively.
Forward Contracts
On May 6, 2021 and June 14, 2021, we entered into agreements, or the Forward Contract Obligations, with the general contractor, or GC, to acquire, for a fixed price, a lumber material package and mixed material package to be used in the construction of the Arista at Broomfield development. Under the Forward Contract Obligations, the GC is obligated to deliver the specific package of lumber and mixed materials and we are obligated to pay, the agreed upon sum of $8,949,562 and $6,532,344 to the GC upon delivery, which is estimated to be late summer or early fall 2021. Pursuant to the Forward Contract Obligations, the GC owns and is responsible for storage of the lumber and mixed material packages prior to delivery to us. The Forward Contract Obligations are recorded in the consolidated financial statements in the period in which the Forward Contract Obligations are cancelled or the lumber and or mixed material packages are purchased from the GC for use in the development.
Construction loan
On October 16, 2019, we entered into an agreement with PNC Bank for a construction loan related to the development of Garrison Station, a development project in Murfreesboro, TN, in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed $19,800,000 for a thirty-six month initial term and two twelve month mini-perm extensions. The rate of interest on the construction loan is daily LIBOR plus 2.00%, which then reduces to the daily LIBOR plus 1.80% upon achieving completion as defined in the construction loan agreement and at a debt service coverage ratio (“DSCR”) of 1.15x. The loan includes a 0.4% fee at closing, a 0.1% fee upon exercising the mini-perm and a 0.1% fee upon extending the mini-perm, each payable to PNC Bank. There is an exit fee of 1% which will be waived if permanent financing is secured through PNC Bank or one of their affiliates. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the principal outstanding balance on the construction loan was $14,831,682 and $6,264,549, respectively.
Assumed Debt as a Result of the Completion of Mergers
On March 6, 2020, upon consummation of the Mergers, we assumed all of SIR’s and STAR III’s obligations under the outstanding mortgage loans secured by 29 properties. We recognized the fair value of the assumed notes payable in the Mergers of $795,431,027, which consisted of the assumed principal balance of $791,020,471 and a net premium of $4,410,556.
The following is a summary of the terms of the assumed loans on the date of the Mergers:
Interest Rate Range
TypeNumber of InstrumentsMaturity Date RangeMinimumMaximumPrincipal Outstanding At Merger Date
Variable rate21/1/2027 - 9/1/20271-Mo LIBOR + 2.195%1-Mo LIBOR + 2.31%$64,070,000 
Fixed rate2710/1/2022 - 10/1/20563.19%4.66%726,950,471 
Assumed Principal Mortgage Notes Payable29$791,020,471 
Reference Rate Reform
In July 2017, the Financial Conduct Authority announced it intended to stop compelling banks to submit rates for the calculation of LIBOR after 2021. We are monitoring the market transition from the LIBOR and other inter bank offered rates to alternative reference rates, such as the secured overnight financing rate, or SOFR, which we refer to as reference rate reform. For more information on reference rate reform, see Note 2 (Summary of Significant Accounting Policies) to our consolidated financial statements in this Quarterly Report for details. We identified the instruments influenced by LIBOR to be our variable rate mortgage notes payable and interest rate cap agreements, a majority of which, are expected to continue to use LIBOR through June 2023 or beyond until lenders and other market participants finalize their transition plans. Once transition plans are finalized, it is expected that SOFR will be used. Given the nature of the expected changes to our interest rate cap agreements (all of which mature by July 1, 2023 and are not expected to transition to SOFR) and variable rate mortgage notes payable, we expect to meet the conditions of the practical expedients provided by the FASB and elect to not apply the modification accounting requirements to our contracts affected by the reference rate reform within the permitted period of December 31, 2022.
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Cash Flows Provided by Operating Activities
During the six months ended June 30, 2021, net cash provided by operating activities was $29,042,267, compared to $26,067,550 for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The increase in our net cash provided by operating activities is primarily due to a decrease in investment management fees, loan coordination fees, property management fees and property management reimbursements paid to our Former Advisor as a result of the Internalization Transaction, partially offset by an increase in interest payments and an increase related to the damage caused to certain multifamily properties impacted by the winter storm that took place in February 2021, compared to the same prior year period.
Cash Flows (Used in) Provided by Investing Activities
During the six months ended June 30, 2021, net cash used in investing activities was $104,543,729, compared to $31,202,385 of net cash provided by investing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2020. The increase in our net cash used in investing activities was primarily due to the increase in cash and restricted cash acquired in connection with the Mergers, net of transaction costs, and the decrease in net proceeds from the sale of real estate investments, partially offset by the decrease in the acquisition of land held for the development of apartment homes during the six months ended June 30, 2021, compared to the same prior year period. Net cash used in investing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2021, consisted of the following:
$75,966,685 of cash used for the acquisition of real estate investments;
$17,869,569 of cash used for improvements to real estate investments;
$9,861,232 of cash used for additions to real estate held for development;
$1,500,000 of cash used for escrow deposits for real estate acquisitions;
$12,200 of cash used for interest rate cap agreements; and
$665,957 of cash provided by proceeds from insurance claims.
Cash Flows (Used in) Provided by Financing Activities
During the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, net cash used in financing activities was $32,346,277, compared to $161,532,802 of net cash provided by financing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2020. The change from net cash provided by financing activities to net cash used in financing activities was primarily due to a decrease in proceeds received from borrowings on the MCFA and PNC MCFA, an increase in payments on our mortgage notes payable, and an increase in distributions paid to and repurchases of common stock from common stockholders during the six months ended June 30, 2021, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020, partially offset by a decrease in deferred financing costs and an increase in proceeds from the issuance of mortgage notes payable during the six months ended June 30, 2021, compared to the same prior year period. Net cash used in financing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2021, consisted of the following:
$4,379,959 of net cash from the issuance of a mortgage note payable after $4,187,174, of principal payments on mortgage notes payable;
$30,424,673 of net cash distributions to our stockholders, after giving effect to distributions reinvested by stockholders of $7,709,092; and
$6,301,563 of cash paid for the repurchase of common stock.

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Contractual Commitments and Contingencies
As of June 30, 2021, we had (1) indebtedness totaling $2,133,882,146, comprised of an aggregate principal amount of $2,142,186,851, net deferred financing costs of $11,273,390 and net premiums of $2,968,685 and (2) the Forward Contract Obligations of $15,481,906. The following is a summary of our contractual obligations as of June 30, 2021:
Payments due by period
Contractual ObligationsTotalLess than 1 year1-3 years3-5 yearsMore than 5 years
Interest payments on outstanding debt obligations(1)
$577,003,363 $40,311,258 $156,808,655 $145,620,947 $234,262,503 
Principal payments on outstanding debt obligations(2)
2,142,186,851 4,475,904 110,349,830 255,770,627 1,771,590,490 
Forward contract obligations(3)
15,481,906 15,481,906 — — — 
Total$2,734,672,120 $60,269,068 $267,158,485 $401,391,574 $2,005,852,993 
________________
(1)Scheduled interest payments on outstanding debt obligations are based on the outstanding principal amounts and interest rates in effect at June 30, 2021. We incurred interest expense of $20,087,353 and $39,895,031 during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, including amortization of deferred financing costs totaling $548,784 and $1,097,565, net unrealized loss (gain) from the change in fair value of interest rate cap agreements of $9,617 and $(1,203), amortization of net loan premiums and discounts of $(423,160) and $(841,049), credit facility commitment fees of $31,417 and $65,991, imputed interest on the finance lease portion of the sublease of $86 and $193, and capitalized interest of $244,822 and $560,066, respectively. The capitalized interest is included in real estate on the consolidated balance sheets.
(2)Scheduled principal payments on outstanding debt obligations are based on the terms of the notes payable agreements. Amounts exclude net deferred financing costs and any loan premiums or discounts associated with certain notes payable.
(3)Scheduled payments on the Forward Contract Obligations are based on the terms of the forward contract agreements entered into with the GC on May 6, 2021 and June 14, 2021, for the lumber and mixed material packages required to construct the Arista at Broomfield project according to the approved plans, locking in the price of the lumber and mixed materials as of that date.
Our debt obligations contain customary financial and non-financial debt covenants. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, we were in compliance with all debt covenants.
Results of Operations
Overview
The discussion that follows is based on our consolidated results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020. The ability to compare one period to another is primarily affected by (1) the acquisitions and dispositions of multifamily properties inclusive of 36 multifamily properties acquired in the Mergers during the six months ended June 30, 2020, the acquisition of two multifamily properties since June 30, 2020, the disposition of two multifamily properties since June 30, 2020, and to a lesser extent placing into service 95 apartment homes previously held for development during the six months ended June 30, 2021, and (2) the Internalization Closing. As of June 30, 2021, we owned 70 multifamily properties and three parcels of land held for the development of apartment homes. Our results of operations were also affected by our value-enhancement activity completed through June 30, 2021.
Our results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, are not indicative of those expected in future periods. We continued to perform value-enhancement projects, which may have an impact on our future results of operations. As a result of the Internalization Transaction, we are now a self-managed REIT and no longer bear the costs of the various fees and expense reimbursements previously paid to our Former Advisor and its affiliates. However, our expenses include the compensation and benefits of our officers, employees and consultants, as well as overhead previously paid by our Former Advisor and its affiliates.
Additionally, the outbreak of COVID-19 impacted our residents’ ability to pay rent which in turn could impact our future revenues and expenses. The impact of COVID-19 on our future results could be significant and will largely depend on future
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developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including new information, which may emerge concerning the severity of “future waves” of COVID-19 outbreaks, the success of actions taken to contain or treat COVID-19, access to testing and vaccines, and reactions by consumers, companies, governmental entities and capital markets.
To provide additional insight into our operating results, we are also providing a detailed analysis of same-store versus non-same-store net operating income, or NOI. For more information on NOI and a reconciliation of NOI (a non-GAAP financial measure) to net loss, see “—Net Operating Income.”
Consolidated Results of Operations for the Three Months Ended June 30, 2021, Compared to the Three Months Ended June 30, 2020
The following table summarizes the consolidated results of operations for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020:
For the Three Months Ended June 30,
$ Change Due to Acquisitions or Dispositions(1)
$ Change Due to Properties Held Throughout Both Periods and Corporate Level Activity(2)
20212020Change $Change %
Total revenues$85,624,632 $80,295,594 $5,329,038 %$(232,246)$5,561,284 
Operating, maintenance and management(21,333,781)(19,719,766)(1,614,015)(8)%21,001 (1,635,016)
Real estate taxes and insurance(14,587,524)(13,667,771)(919,753)(7)%(303,432)(616,321)
Fees to affiliates(4,263)(13,709,333)13,705,070 100 %256,514 13,448,556 
Depreciation and amortization(33,277,511)(53,455,666)20,178,155 38 %1,247,739 18,930,416 
Interest expense(20,087,353)(19,715,318)(372,035)(2)%302,746 (674,781)
General and administrative expenses(11,736,380)(5,272,855)(6,463,525)(123)%18,713 (6,482,238)
Impairment of real estate— (5,039,937)5,039,937 100 %5,039,937 — 
Interest income98,049 134,262 (36,213)(27)%119 (36,332)
Insurance proceeds in excess of losses incurred31,873 57,689 (25,816)(45)%— (25,816)
Equity in loss from
    unconsolidated joint venture
— (2,968,207)2,968,207 100 %— 2,968,207 
Fees and other income from affiliates1,571,346 — 1,571,346 100 %— 1,571,346 
Net loss$(13,700,912)$(53,061,308)$39,360,396 74 %
NOI(3)
$49,699,064 $43,694,146 $6,004,918 14 %
FFO(4)
$19,351,234 $8,884,356 $10,466,878 118 %
MFFO(4)
$20,146,618 $10,251,910 $9,894,708 97 %
________________
(1)    Represents the favorable (unfavorable) dollar amount change for the three months ended June 30, 2021, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020, related to multifamily properties acquired, disposed of, or placed in service, on or after April 1, 2020.
(2)    Represents the favorable (unfavorable) dollar amount change for the three months ended June 30, 2021, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020, related to multifamily properties and corporate level entities owned by us throughout both periods presented.    
(3)     NOI is a non-GAAP financial measure used by investors and our management to evaluate and compare the performance of our properties and to determine trends in earnings. However, the usefulness of NOI is limited because it excludes general and administrative costs, interest expense, interest income and other expense, acquisition costs, certain fees to affiliates, depreciation and amortization expense and gains or losses from the sale of our properties and other gains and losses as stipulated by GAAP, the level of capital expenditures and leasing costs, all of which are
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significant economic costs. For additional information on how we calculate NOI and a reconciliation of NOI to net loss, see “—Net Operating Income.”
(4)     GAAP basis accounting for real estate assets utilizes historical cost accounting and assumes real estate values diminish over time. In an effort to overcome the difference between real estate values and historical cost accounting for real estate assets, the Board of Governors of the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts, or NAREIT, established the measurement tool of FFO. Since its introduction, FFO has become a widely used non-GAAP financial measure among REITs. Additionally, we use modified funds from operations, or MFFO, as defined by the Institute for Portfolio Alternatives (formerly known as the Investment Program Association), or IPA, as a supplemental measure to evaluate our operating performance. MFFO is based on FFO but includes certain adjustments we believe are necessary due to changes in accounting and reporting under GAAP since the establishment of FFO. Neither FFO nor MFFO should be considered as alternatives to net loss or other measurements under GAAP as indicators of our operating performance, nor should they be considered as alternatives to cash flow from operating activities or other measurements under GAAP as indicators of liquidity. For additional information on how we calculate FFO and MFFO and a reconciliation of FFO and MFFO to net loss, see “—Funds From Operations and Modified Funds From Operations.”
Net loss
For the three months ended June 30, 2021, we had a net loss of $13,700,912 compared to a net loss of $53,061,308 for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease in net loss of $39,360,396 over the comparable prior year period was due to the increase in total revenues of $5,329,038, the decrease in fees to affiliates of $13,705,070, the decrease in depreciation and amortization expense of $20,178,155, the decrease in the impairment of real estate of $5,039,937, the decrease in loss from unconsolidated joint venture of $2,968,207, and the increase in fees and other income from affiliates of $1,571,346, partially offset by the increase in operating, maintenance and management expenses of $1,614,015, the increase in real estate taxes and insurance of $919,753, the increase in interest expense of $372,035, the increase in general and administrative expenses of $6,463,525, the decrease in interest income of $36,213, and the decrease in insurance proceeds in excess of losses incurred of $25,816.
Total revenues
Total revenues were $85,624,632 for the three months ended June 30, 2021, compared to $80,295,594 for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The increase of $5,329,038 was primarily due to an increase in occupancy from 94.6% as of June 30, 2020 to 96.2% as of June 30, 2021 coupled with an increase in average monthly rents from $1,180 to $1,198 during the same period. We also experienced an increase of $5,561,284 in total revenues at the multifamily properties held throughout both periods as a result of ordinary monthly rent increases and the completion of value-enhancement projects.
Operating, maintenance and management expenses
Operating, maintenance and management expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2021, were $21,333,781 compared to $19,719,766 for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The increase of $1,614,015 was primarily due to increases in information technology related expenses, repairs and maintenance and advertising during the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same prior year period.
Real estate taxes and insurance
Real estate taxes and insurance expenses were $14,587,524 for the three months ended June 30, 2021, compared to $13,667,771 for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The increase of $919,753 was primarily due to an increase in assessed real estate tax values at certain properties in our portfolio.
Fees to affiliates
Fees to affiliates were $4,263 for the three months ended June 30, 2021, compared to $13,709,333 for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The net decrease of $13,705,070 was primarily due to a decrease in investment management fees, property management fees, loan coordination fees and the reimbursement of onsite personnel as a result of the Internalization Transaction.
Depreciation and amortization
Depreciation and amortization expenses were $33,277,511 for the three months ended June 30, 2021, compared to $53,455,666 for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease of $20,178,155 was primarily due to the net decrease in
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tenant origination and absorption costs acquired in connection with the Mergers of $39,395,837, subsequently amortized since June 30, 2020. We expect these amounts to increase slightly in future periods as a result of anticipated future enhancements to our real estate portfolio.
Interest expense
Interest expense for the three months ended June 30, 2021, was $20,087,353 compared to $19,715,318 for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The increase of $372,035 was primarily due to the increase in credit facility borrowings during the three months ended June 30, 2020, which experienced a full quarter of interest expense during the three months ended June 30, 2021.
Included in interest expense is the amortization of deferred financing costs of $548,784 and $482,406, net unrealized loss from the change in fair value of interest rate cap agreements of $9,617 and $24,943, interest on capital leases of $86 and $0, amortization of net loan premiums and discounts of $(423,160) and $(413,858) and costs associated with the refinancing of debt of $0 and $11,484, net of capitalized interest of $244,822 and $193,049, for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The capitalized interest is included in real estate on the consolidated balance sheets. Our interest expense in future periods will vary based on the impact of changes to LIBOR or the adoption of a replacement to LIBOR, our level of future borrowings, which will depend on the availability and cost of debt financing and the opportunity to acquire real estate and real estate-related investments meeting our investment objectives.
General and administrative expenses
General and administrative expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2021, were $11,736,380 compared to $5,272,855 for the three months ended June 30, 2020. These general and administrative costs consisted primarily of payroll costs, legal fees, insurance premiums, audit fees, other professional fees and independent director compensation. The increase of $6,463,525 was primarily due to an increase of $6,482,238 in general and administrative expenses predominantly due to payroll costs for the acquired personnel as a result of the Internalization Transaction.
Impairment of real estate assets
Impairment charges of real estate assets for the three months ended June 30, 2021, were $0 compared to $5,039,937 for the
three months ended June 30, 2020. The impairment charge of $5,039,937 resulted from our efforts to actively market two
multifamily properties for sale at disposition prices that were less than their carrying values during the three months ended June 30, 2020.
Interest income
Interest income for the three months ended June 30, 2021, was $98,049 compared to $134,262 for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Interest income consisted of interest earned on our cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash deposits. In general, we expect interest income to fluctuate with the change in our cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash deposits.
Insurance proceeds in excess of losses incurred
Insurance proceeds in excess of losses incurred for the three months ended June 30, 2021, was $31,873 compared to $57,689 for the three months ended June 30, 2020. In general, we expect insurance proceeds in excess of losses incurred to be correlated to the volume and severity of insurance related incidents at our multifamily properties.
Equity in loss from unconsolidated joint venture
Equity in loss from unconsolidated joint venture for the three months ended June 30, 2021, was $0 compared to $2,968,207 for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Upon consummation of the SIR Merger on March 6, 2020, we acquired a 10% interest in a joint venture. Our investment in the joint venture had been accounted for as an unconsolidated joint venture under the equity method of accounting. On July 16, 2020, we sold our joint venture interest. See Note 5 (Investment in Unconsolidated Joint Venture) to our consolidated financial statements in this Quarterly Report for details.
Fees and other income from affiliates
Fees and other income from affiliates for the three months ended June 30, 2021, was $1,571,346 compared to $0 for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The increase of $1,571,346 was primarily income earned pursuant to the SRI Property Management Agreements and Construction Management Agreements with affiliates of our former sponsor and the Transition Services Agreement entered into in connection with the Internalization Transaction. See Note 10 (Related Party Arrangements) to our consolidated financial statements in this Quarterly Report for details.

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Consolidated Results of Operations for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 Compared to the Six Months Ended June 30, 2020
The following table summarizes the consolidated results of operations for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020:
For the Six Months Ended June 30,
$ Change Due to Acquisitions or Dispositions(1)
$ Change Due to Properties Held Throughout Both Periods and Corporate Level Activity(2)
20212020Change $Change %
Total revenues$168,782,450 $134,009,534 $34,772,916 26 %$30,859,620 $3,913,296 
Operating, maintenance and management(42,098,814)(32,216,328)(9,882,486)(31)%(8,014,753)(1,867,733)
Real estate taxes and insurance(28,444,417)(22,411,216)(6,033,201)(27)%(5,627,532)(405,669)
Fees to affiliates(8,550)(22,136,629)22,128,079 100 %8,387,838 13,740,241 
Depreciation and amortization(67,152,017)(82,031,561)14,879,544 18 %12,991,096 1,888,448 
Interest expense(39,895,031)(34,106,272)(5,788,759)(17)%(6,660,530)871,771 
General and administrative expenses(23,061,791)(7,703,154)(15,358,637)(199)%206,103 (15,564,740)
Impairment of real estate— (5,039,937)5,039,937 100 %5,039,937 — 
Gain on sale of real estate, net— 11,384,599 (11,384,599)(100)%(11,384,599)— 
Interest income203,068 387,516 (184,448)(48)%(118,121)(66,327)
Insurance proceeds in excess of losses incurred135,360 124,412 10,948 %124,168 (113,220)
Equity in loss from unconsolidated joint venture— (3,003,400)3,003,400 100 %3,003,400 — 
Fees and other income from affiliates3,029,267 — 3,029,267 100 %— 3,029,267 
Net loss$(28,510,475)$(62,742,436)$34,231,961 55 %
NOI(3)
$98,236,585 $73,832,773 $24,403,812 33 %
FFO(4)
$38,193,000 $16,562,739 $21,630,261 131 %
MFFO(4)
$39,051,887 $17,944,768 $21,107,119 118 %
________________
(1)    Represents the favorable (unfavorable) dollar amount change for the six months ended June 30, 2021, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020, related to multifamily properties acquired or disposed of, or placed in service, on or after January 1, 2020.
(2)    Represents the favorable (unfavorable) dollar amount change for the six months ended June 30, 2021, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020, related to multifamily properties and corporate level entities owned by us throughout both periods presented.    
(3)     See “—Net Operating Income” below for a reconciliation of NOI to net loss.
(4)         See “—Funds From Operations and Modified Funds From Operations” below for a reconciliation of FFO and MFFO to net loss.
Net loss
For the six months ended June 30, 2021, we had a net loss of $28,510,475 compared to $62,742,436 for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease in net loss of $34,231,961 over the comparable prior year period was due to an increase in total revenues of $34,772,916, a decrease in fees to affiliates of $22,128,079, a decrease in depreciation and amortization expense of $14,879,544, a decrease in impairment of real estate of $5,039,937, an increase in insurance proceeds in excess of losses incurred of $10,948, a decrease in equity in loss from unconsolidated joint venture of $3,003,400, and an increase in fees
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and other income from affiliates of $3,029,267, partially offset by an increase in operating, maintenance and management expenses of $9,882,486, an increase in real estate taxes and insurance of $6,033,201, an increase in interest expense of $5,788,759, an increase in general and administrative expenses of $15,358,637, a decrease in gain on sale of real estate, net of $11,384,599, and a decrease in interest income of $184,448.
Total revenues
Total revenues were $168,782,450 for the six months ended June 30, 2021, compared to $134,009,534 for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The increase of $34,772,916 was primarily due to the increase in total revenues of $30,859,620 due to the increase in the number of properties in our portfolio, primarily from the Mergers, which experienced a full six months of operations in 2021. In addition, we experienced an increase of $3,913,296 in total revenues at the multifamily properties held throughout both periods as a result of an increase in occupancy, ordinary monthly rent increases and the completion of value-enhancement projects.
Operating, maintenance and management expenses
Operating, maintenance and management expenses were $42,098,814 for the six months ended June 30, 2021, compared to $32,216,328 for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The increase of $9,882,486 was primarily due to the increase in the number of properties in our portfolio, primarily from the Mergers, which experienced a full six months of operations in 2021. In addition, we experienced an increase of $1,867,733 in operating, maintenance and management expenses at the multifamily properties held throughout both periods due to increases in payroll, information technology related expenses, utilities, repairs and maintenance and advertising.
Real estate taxes and insurance
Real estate taxes and insurance expenses were $28,444,417 for the six months ended June 30, 2021, compared to $22,411,216 for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The increase of $6,033,201 was primarily due to the increase in the number of properties in our portfolio, primarily from the Mergers, which experienced a full six months of operations in 2021. In addition, we experienced an increase of $405,669 in real estate taxes and insurance expenses at the multifamily properties held throughout both periods.
Fees to affiliates
Fees to affiliates were $8,550 for the six months ended June 30, 2021, compared to $22,136,629 for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease of $22,128,079 was primarily due to a decrease in investment management fees, property management fees, loan coordination fees and the reimbursement of onsite personnel as a result of costs savings in connection with the Internalization Transaction.
Depreciation and amortization
Depreciation and amortization expenses were $67,152,017 for the six months ended June 30, 2021, compared to $82,031,561 for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease of $14,879,544 was primarily due to the net decrease in tenant origination and absorption costs acquired in connection with the Mergers of $39,395,837, subsequently amortized since June 30, 2020. In addition, we experienced an increase of $1,888,448 in depreciation expenses at the properties held throughout both periods. We expect these amounts to increase slightly in future periods as a result of anticipated future enhancements to our real estate portfolio.
Interest expense
Interest expense for the six months ended June 30, 2021, was $39,895,031 compared to $34,106,272 for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The increase of $5,788,759 was primarily due to the increase in credit facility borrowings during the six months ended June 30, 2020, which experienced a full period of interest expense during the six months ended June 30, 2021.
Included in interest expense is the amortization of deferred financing costs of $1,097,565 and $809,876, net, unrealized (gain) loss on derivative instruments of $(1,203) and $27,194, amortization of net debt premiums of $(841,049) and $(528,440), interest on capital leases of $193 and $0, closing costs associated with the refinancing of debt of $0 and $42,881, credit facility commitment fees of $65,991 and $0, net of capitalized interest of $560,066 and $262,619 and interest on construction loans of $5,395 and $0, for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The capitalized interest is included in real estate held for development on the consolidated balance sheets. Our interest expense in future periods will vary based on the impact of changes to LIBOR or the adoption of a replacement to LIBOR, our level of future borrowings, which will depend on the
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availability and cost of debt financing and the opportunity to acquire real estate and real estate-related investments meeting our investment objectives.
General and administrative expenses
General and administrative expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2021, were $23,061,791 compared to $7,703,154 for the six months ended June 30, 2020. These general and administrative expenses consisted primarily of payroll costs, legal fees, insurance premiums, audit fees, other professional fees and independent director compensation. The increase of $15,358,637 was primarily due to an increase of $15,564,740 in general and administrative expenses predominantly due to payroll costs for the acquired personnel as a result of the Internalization Transaction.
Impairment of real estate assets
Impairment charges of real estate assets for the six months ended June 30, 2021, were $0 compared to $5,039,937 for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease in impairment charge of $5,039,937 resulted from our efforts to actively market two
multifamily properties for sale at disposition prices that were less than their carrying values during the six months ended June 30, 2020. No impairment charges were recorded during the six months ended June 30, 2021.
Gain on sale of real estate
Gain on sale of real estate for the six months ended June 30, 2021, was $0 compared to $11,384,599 for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease in gain on sale of real estate was due to the gain recognized on the disposition of one multifamily property during the six months ended June 30, 2020, compared to the disposition of no multifamily properties during the six months ended June 30, 2021. Our gain on sale of real estate in future periods will vary based on the opportunity to sell properties and real estate-related investments.
Interest income
Interest income for the six months ended June 30, 2021, was $203,068 compared to $387,516 for the six months ended June 30, 2020. Interest income consisted of interest earned on our cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash deposits. In general, we expect interest income to fluctuate with the change in our cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash deposits.
Insurance proceeds in excess of losses incurred
Insurance proceeds in excess of losses incurred for the six months ended June 30, 2021, was $135,360 compared to $124,412 for the six months ended June 30, 2020. In general, we expect insurance proceeds in excess of losses incurred to be correlated to the volume and severity of insurance related incidents at our multifamily properties.
Equity in loss from unconsolidated joint venture
Equity in loss from unconsolidated joint venture for the six months ended June 30, 2021, was $0 compared to $3,003,400 for the six months ended June 30, 2020. Upon consummation of the SIR Merger on March 6, 2020, we acquired a 10% interest in a joint venture. Our investment in the joint venture had been accounted for as an unconsolidated joint venture under the equity method of accounting. On July 16, 2020, we sold our joint venture interest. See Note 5 (Investment in Unconsolidated Joint Venture) to our consolidated financial statements in this Quarterly Report for details.
Fees and other income from affiliates
Fees and other income from affiliates for the six months ended June 30, 2021, was 3,029,267 compared to $0 for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The increase of $3,029,267 was solely due to income earned pursuant to the SRI Property Management Agreements and Construction Management Agreements with affiliates of our former sponsor and the Transition Services Agreement entered into in connection with the Internalization Transaction. See Note 10 (Related Party Arrangements) to our consolidated financial statements in this Quarterly Report for details.
Property Operations for the Three Months Ended June 30, 2021, Compared to the Three Months Ended June 30, 2020
For purposes of evaluating comparative operating performance, we categorize our properties as “same-store” or “non-same-store.” A “same-store” property is a property that was owned at April 1, 2020. A “non-same-store” property is a property that was acquired, placed into service or disposed of after April 1, 2020. As of June 30, 2021, 67 of our properties were categorized as same-store properties.

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The following table presents the same-store results from operations for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020:
For the Three Months Ended June 30,
20212020Change $Change %
Same-store properties:
Revenues$82,860,207 $77,298,923 $5,561,284 7.2 %
Operating expenses(1)
34,127,043 35,780,899 (1,653,856)(4.6)%
Net operating income48,733,164 41,518,024 7,215,140 17.4 %
Non-same-store properties:
Net operating income965,900 2,176,122 (1,210,222)
Total Net operating income(2)
$49,699,064 $43,694,146 $6,004,918 
________________
(1)Same-store operating expenses include operating, maintenance and management expenses, real estate taxes and insurance, certain fees to affiliates and property-level general and administrative expenses.
(2)See “—Net Operating Income” below for a reconciliation of NOI to net loss.
Net Operating Income
Same-store net operating income for the three months ended June 30, 2021, was $48,733,164 compared to $41,518,024 for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The 17.4% increase in same-store net operating income was a result of a 7.2% increase in same-store rental revenues and a 4.6% decrease in same-store operating expenses.
Revenues
Same-store revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2021, were $82,860,207 compared to $77,298,923 for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The 7.2% increase in same-store revenues was primarily a result of an increase in same-store occupancy from 95.2% as of June 30, 2020, to 96.4% as of June 30, 2021 and ordinary monthly rent increases and monthly rent increases from the completion of value-enhancement projects.
Operating Expenses
Same-store operating expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2021, were $34,127,043 compared to $35,780,899 for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease in same-store operating expenses was primarily attributable to a decrease in property management fees as a result of the Internalization Transaction in addition to a decrease in payroll costs, property related general and administrative expenses and turnover costs, partially offset by an increase in real estate taxes during the three months ended June 30, 2021, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020.
Net Operating Income
NOI is a non-GAAP financial measure of performance. NOI is used by investors and our management to evaluate and compare the performance of our properties, to determine trends in earnings and to compute the fair value of our properties as it is not affected by (1) the cost of funds, (2) acquisition costs as applicable, (3) non-operating fees to affiliates, (4) the impact of depreciation and amortization expenses as well as gains or losses from the sale of operating real estate assets that are included in net income computed in accordance with GAAP, (5) general and administrative expenses (including excess property insurance) and non-operating other gains and losses that are specific to us or (6) impairment of real estate assets or other investments. The cost of funds is eliminated from net income (loss) because it is specific to our particular financing capabilities and constraints. The cost of funds is also eliminated because it is dependent on historical interest rates and other costs of capital as well as past decisions made by us regarding the appropriate mix of capital which may have changed or may change in the future. Acquisition costs and non-operating fees to affiliates are eliminated because they do not reflect continuing operating costs of the property owner.
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Depreciation and amortization expenses as well as gains or losses from the sale of operating real estate assets are eliminated because they may not accurately represent the actual change in value in our multifamily properties that result from use of the properties or changes in market conditions. While certain aspects of real property do decline in value over time in a manner that is reasonably captured by depreciation and amortization, the value of the properties as a whole have historically increased or decreased as a result of changes in overall economic conditions instead of from actual use of the property or the passage of time. Gains and losses from the sale of real property vary from property to property and are affected by market conditions at the time of sale which will usually change from period to period. These gains and losses can create distortions when comparing one period to another or when comparing our operating results to the operating results of other real estate companies that have not made similarly timed purchases or sales. We believe that eliminating these costs from net income (loss) is useful because the resulting measure captures the actual revenue generated and actual expenses incurred in operating our properties as well as trends in occupancy rates, rental rates and operating costs.
However, the usefulness of NOI is limited because it excludes general and administrative costs, interest expense, interest income and other expense, acquisition costs as applicable, certain fees to affiliates, depreciation and amortization expense and gains or losses from the sale of properties, impairment charges and non-operating other gains and losses as stipulated by GAAP, the level of capital expenditures and leasing costs necessary to maintain the operating performance of our properties, all of which are significant economic costs. NOI may fail to capture significant trends in these components of net income which further limits its usefulness.
NOI is a measure of the operating performance of our properties but does not measure our performance as a whole. NOI is therefore not a substitute for net income (loss) as computed in accordance with GAAP. This measure should be analyzed in conjunction with net income (loss) computed in accordance with GAAP and discussions elsewhere in “—Results of Operations” regarding the components of net income (loss) that are eliminated in the calculation of NOI. Other companies may use different methods for calculating NOI or similarly entitled measures and, accordingly, our NOI may not be comparable to similarly entitled measures reported by other companies that do not define the measure exactly as we do.
The following is a reconciliation of our NOI to net loss for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 computed in accordance with GAAP:
For the Three Months Ended June 30,For the Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
Net loss$(13,700,912)$(53,061,308)$(28,510,475)$(62,742,436)
Fees to affiliates(1)
— 9,651,793 — 15,495,182 
Depreciation and amortization33,277,511 53,455,666 67,152,017 82,031,561 
Interest expense20,087,353 19,715,318 39,895,031 34,106,272 
General and administrative expenses11,736,380 5,272,855 23,061,791 7,703,154 
Gain on sale of real estate— — — (11,384,599)
Other gains(2)
(129,922)(191,951)(338,428)(511,928)
Adjustments for investment in unconsolidated joint venture(3)
— 1,369,425 — 1,653,219 
Other-than-temporary impairment of investment in unconsolidated joint venture(4)
— 2,442,411 — 2,442,411 
Impairment of real estate(5)
— 5,039,937 — 5,039,937 
Fees and other income from affiliates(6)
(1,571,346)— (3,029,267)— 
Affiliated rental revenue(7)
— — 5,916 — 
Net operating income$49,699,064 $43,694,146 $98,236,585 $73,832,773 
_______________
(1)        Fees to affiliates for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, exclude property management fees of $4,263 and $8,550, respectively, that are included in NOI. Fees to affiliates for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, exclude property management fees of $2,369,487 and $3,865,857 and other reimbursements of $1,688,053 and $2,775,590, respectively, that are included in NOI.
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(2)    Other gains for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, include non-recurring insurance claim recoveries and interest income that are not included in NOI.
(3) Reflects adjustment to add back our noncontrolling interest share of the adjustments to reconcile our net loss attributable to common stockholders to NOI for our equity investment in the unconsolidated joint venture, which principally consisted of depreciation, amortization and interest expense incurred by the joint venture as well as the amortization of outside basis difference.
(4) Reflects adjustment to add back an other-than-temporary impairment of $2,442,411 in the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 related to our investment in BREIT Steadfast MF JV LP (our “Joint Venture”). See Note 5 (Investment in Unconsolidated Joint Venture) to our consolidated financial statements in this Quarterly Report for details.
(5) Reflects adjustments to add back impairment charges in the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 related to our efforts to actively market two multifamily properties for sale at disposition prices that were less than their carrying values during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020.
(6) Reflects adjustment to exclude income earned pursuant to the Transition Services Agreement, Property Management Agreements and Construction Management Agreements entered into in connection with the Internalization Transaction.
(7) Reflects adjustment to add back rental revenue earned from a consolidated entity following the Internalization Transaction that represent intercompany transactions that are eliminated in consolidation.
Funds from Operations and Modified Funds from Operations
Due to certain unique operating characteristics of real estate companies, as discussed below, NAREIT, an industry trade group, has promulgated a measure known as FFO, which we believe to be an appropriate supplemental measure to reflect the operating performance of a REIT. The use of FFO is recommended by the REIT industry as a supplemental performance measure. FFO is not equivalent to our net income (loss) as determined under GAAP.
We define FFO, a non-GAAP financial measure, consistent with the standards established by the White Paper on FFO approved by the Board of Governors of NAREIT, as revised in December 2018, or the White Paper. The White Paper defines FFO as net income (loss) computed in accordance with GAAP, excluding gains or losses from sales of property and non-cash impairment charges of real estate related investments, plus real estate related depreciation and amortization, cumulative effects of accounting changes and after adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures. According to the White Paper, while the majority of equity REITs measure FFO in accordance with NAREIT’s definition, there are variations in the securities to which the reported NAREIT-defined FFO applies (e.g., all equity securities, all common shares, all common shares less shares held by non-controlling interests). While each of these metrics may represent FFO as defined by NAREIT, accurate labeling with respect to applicable securities is important, particularly as it relates to the labeling of the FFO metric and in the reconciliation of GAAP net income (loss) to FFO.
In calculating FFO, we believe it is appropriate to disregard impairment charges, as this is a fair value adjustment that is largely based on market fluctuations and assessments regarding general market conditions which can change over time. An asset will only be evaluated for impairment if certain impairment indications exist and if the carrying, or book value, exceeds the total estimated undiscounted future cash flows (including net rental and lease revenues, net proceeds on the sale of the property, and any other ancillary cash flows at a property or group level under GAAP) from such asset. Investors should note, however, that determinations of whether impairment charges have been incurred are based partly on anticipated operating performance, because estimated undiscounted future cash flows from a property, including estimated future net rental and lease revenues, net proceeds on the sale of the property, and certain other ancillary cash flows, are taken into account in determining whether an impairment charge has been incurred. While impairment charges are excluded from the calculation of FFO as described above, investors are cautioned that due to the fact that impairments are based on estimated future undiscounted cash flows and the relatively limited term of our operations, it could be difficult to recover any impairment charges. Our FFO calculation complies with NAREIT’s policy described above.
The historical accounting convention used for real estate assets requires straight-line depreciation of buildings and improvements, which implies that the value of real estate assets diminishes predictably over time, especially if such assets are not adequately maintained or repaired and renovated as required by relevant circumstances and/or as requested or required by lessees for operational purposes in order to maintain the value disclosed. We believe that since real estate values historically rise and fall with market conditions, including inflation, interest rates, the business cycle, unemployment and consumer spending, presentations of operating results for a REIT using historical accounting for depreciation may be less informative.
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Historical accounting for real estate involves the use of GAAP. Any other method of accounting for real estate such as the fair value method cannot be construed to be any more accurate or relevant than the comparable methodologies of real estate valuation found in GAAP. Nevertheless, we believe that the use of FFO, which excludes the impact of real estate related depreciation and amortization, provides a more complete understanding of our performance to investors and to management, and when compared year over year, reflects the impact on our operations from trends in occupancy rates, rental rates, operating costs, general and administrative expenses, and interest costs, which may not be immediately apparent from net income. We adopted Accounting Standards Update, or ASU, 2016-02, Leases, or ASU 2016-02 on January 1, 2019, which requires us, as a lessee, to recognize a liability for obligations under a lease contract and a right-of-use, or ROU, asset. The carrying amount of the ROU asset is amortized over the term of the lease. Because we have no ownership rights (current or residual) in the underlying asset, NAREIT concluded that the amortization of the ROU asset should not be added back to GAAP net income (loss) in calculating FFO. This amortization expense is included in FFO. The White Paper also states that non-real estate depreciation and amortization such as computer software, company office improvements, furniture and fixtures, and other items commonly found in other industries are required to be recognized as expenses by GAAP in the calculation of net income and, similarly, should be included in FFO.
However, FFO, and MFFO as described below, should not be construed to be more relevant or accurate than the current GAAP methodology in calculating net income or in its applicability in evaluating our operating performance. The method utilized to evaluate the value and performance of real estate under GAAP should be construed as a more relevant measure of operational performance and considered more prominently than the non-GAAP FFO and MFFO measures and the adjustments to GAAP in calculating FFO and MFFO.
Changes in the accounting and reporting promulgations under GAAP (for acquisition fees and expenses from a capitalization/depreciation model to an expensed-as-incurred model) that were put into effect in 2009 and other changes to GAAP accounting for real estate subsequent to the establishment of NAREIT’s definition of FFO have prompted an increase in cash-settled expenses, specifically acquisition fees and expenses for all industries as items that are expensed under GAAP, that are typically accounted for as operating expenses. Management believes these fees and expenses do not affect our overall long-term operating performance. Publicly registered, non-listed REITs typically have a significant amount of acquisition activity and are substantially more dynamic during their initial years of investment and operation.
Due to the above factors and other unique features of publicly registered, non-listed REITs, the IPA, an industry trade group, has standardized a measure known as MFFO, which the IPA has recommended as a supplemental measure for publicly registered, non-listed REITs and which we believe to be another appropriate supplemental measure to reflect the operating performance of a public, non-listed REIT having the characteristics described above. MFFO is not equivalent to our net income or loss as determined under GAAP. We believe that, because MFFO excludes costs that we consider more reflective of investing activities and other non-operating items included in FFO and also excludes acquisition fees and expenses that are not capitalized, as discussed below, and affect our operations only in periods in which properties are acquired, MFFO can provide, on a going forward basis, an indication of the sustainability (that is, the capacity to continue to be maintained) of our operating performance after the period in which we are acquiring our properties and once our portfolio is in place. By providing MFFO, we believe we are presenting useful information that assists investors and analysts to better assess the sustainability of our operating performance after our offering has been completed and our properties have been acquired. We also believe that MFFO is a recognized measure of sustainable operating performance by the public, non-listed REIT industry. Further, we believe MFFO is useful in comparing the sustainability of our operating performance after our offering and acquisitions are completed with the sustainability of the operating performance of other real estate companies that are not as involved in acquisition activities. Investors are cautioned that MFFO should only be used to assess the sustainability of our operating performance after our offering has been completed and properties have been acquired, as it excludes acquisition costs that have a negative effect on our operating performance during the periods in which properties are acquired.
We define MFFO, a non-GAAP financial measure, consistent with the IPA’s Guideline 2010-01, Supplemental Performance Measure for Publicly Registered, Non-Listed REITs: Modified Funds from Operations, or the Practice Guideline, issued by the IPA in November 2010. The Practice Guideline defines MFFO as FFO further adjusted for the following items, as applicable, included in the determination of GAAP net income: acquisition fees and expenses; amounts relating to deferred rent receivables and amortization of above and below market leases and liabilities (which are adjusted in order to reflect such payments from a GAAP accrual basis to a cash basis of disclosing the rent and lease payments); accretion of discounts and amortization of premiums on debt investments; mark-to-market adjustments included in net income; nonrecurring gains or losses included in net income from the extinguishment or sale of debt, hedges, foreign exchange, derivatives or securities holdings where trading of such holdings is not a fundamental attribute of the business plan, unrealized gains or losses resulting from consolidation from, or deconsolidation to, equity accounting, and after adjustments for consolidated and unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures, with such adjustments calculated to reflect MFFO on the same basis. The accretion of discounts and amortization of
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premiums on debt investments, nonrecurring unrealized gains and losses on hedges, foreign exchange, derivatives or securities holdings, unrealized gains and losses resulting from consolidations, as well as other listed cash flow adjustments are adjustments made to net income in calculating the cash flows provided by operating activities and, in some cases, reflect gains or losses which are unrealized and may not ultimately be realized. We do not retain an outside consultant to review all our hedging agreements. Inasmuch as interest rate hedges are not a fundamental part of our operations, we believe it is appropriate to exclude such non-recurring gains and losses in calculating MFFO, as such gains and losses are not reflective of on-going operations.
Our MFFO calculation complies with the Practice Guideline described above, except with respect to certain acquisition fees and expenses as discussed below. In calculating MFFO, we exclude acquisition related expenses, amortization of above and below market leases, fair value adjustments of derivative financial instruments, deferred rent receivables and the adjustments of such items related to noncontrolling interests. Historically under GAAP, acquisition fees and expenses were characterized as operating expenses in determining operating net income. However, pursuant to Accounting Standards Codification, or ASC 805-50, Business Combinations — Related Issues, or ASC 805, acquisition fees and expenses are capitalized and depreciated under certain conditions. Prior to the completion of the Internalization Transaction, these expenses were paid in cash by us. All paid acquisition fees and expenses had negative effects on returns to investors, the potential for future distributions, and cash flows generated by us, unless earnings from operations or net sales proceeds from the disposition of other properties were generated to cover the purchase price of the property, these fees and expenses and other costs related to such property. The acquisition of properties, and the corresponding acquisition fees and expenses, was the key operational feature of our business plan to generate operational income and cash flow to fund distributions to our stockholders. Further, under GAAP, certain contemplated non-cash fair value and other non-cash adjustments are considered operating non-cash adjustments to net income in determining cash flow from operating activities. In addition, we view fair value adjustments of derivatives and gains and losses from dispositions of assets as non-recurring items or items which are unrealized and may not ultimately be realized, and which are not reflective of on-going operations and are therefore typically adjusted for when assessing operating performance.
Our management uses MFFO and the adjustments used to calculate MFFO in order to evaluate our performance against other public, non-listed REITs with varying targeted exit strategies. As noted above, MFFO may not be a useful measure of the impact of long-term operating performance on value if we do not continue to operate in this manner. We believe that our use of MFFO and the adjustments used to calculate MFFO allow us to present our performance in a manner that reflects certain characteristics that are unique to public, non-listed REITs, such as defined acquisition period and targeted exit strategy, and hence that the use of such measures is useful to investors. By excluding expensed acquisition costs, that are not capitalized, the use of MFFO provides information consistent with management’s analysis of the operating performance of the properties. Additionally, fair value adjustments, which are based on the impact of current market fluctuations and underlying assessments of general market conditions, but can also result from operational factors such as rental and occupancy rates, may not be directly related or attributable to our current operating performance. By excluding such changes that may reflect anticipated and unrealized gains or losses, we believe MFFO provides useful supplemental information.
Presentation of this information is intended to provide useful information to investors as they compare the operating performance to that of other public, non-listed REITs, although it should be noted that not all public, non-listed REITs calculate FFO and MFFO the same way, so comparisons with other public, non-listed REITs may not be meaningful. Furthermore, FFO and MFFO are not necessarily indicative of cash flow available to fund cash needs and should not be considered as an alternative to net income (loss) or income (loss) from continuing operations as an indication of our performance, as an alternative to cash flows from operations as an indication of our liquidity, or indicative of funds available to fund our cash needs, including our ability to make distributions to our stockholders. FFO and MFFO should be reviewed in conjunction with GAAP measurements as an indication of our performance. MFFO is useful in assisting management and investors in assessing the sustainability of operating performance in future operating periods, and in particular, after the offering and acquisition stages are complete and net asset value is disclosed. MFFO is not a useful measure in evaluating net asset value because impairments are taken into account in determining net asset value but not in determining MFFO.
Neither the SEC, NAREIT nor any other regulatory body has passed judgment on the acceptability of the adjustments that we use to calculate FFO or MFFO. In the future, the SEC, NAREIT or another regulatory body may decide to standardize the allowable adjustments across the non-listed REIT industry and in response to such standardization we may have to adjust our calculation and characterization of FFO or MFFO accordingly.

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Our calculation of FFO and MFFO is presented in the following table for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020:
For the Three Months Ended June 30,For the Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
Reconciliation of net loss to MFFO:
Net loss$(13,700,912)$(53,061,308)$(28,510,475)$(62,742,436)
  Depreciation of real estate assets32,708,712 33,315,155 65,752,765 56,066,977 
      Amortization of lease-related costs(1)
343,434 20,138,302 950,710 25,961,107 
  Gain on sale of real estate, net— — — (11,384,599)
      Impairment of real estate(2)
— 5,039,937 — 5,039,937 
  Impairment of unconsolidated joint venture(3)
— 2,442,411 — 2,442,411 
      Adjustments for investment in unconsolidated
         joint venture(4)
— 1,009,859 — 1,179,342 
FFO19,351,234 8,884,356 38,193,000 16,562,739 
      Acquisition fees and expenses(5)(6)
787,438 1,344,282 863,433 1,357,429 
  Unrealized loss (gain) on derivative instruments9,617 24,943 (1,203)27,194 
  Amortization of below market leases(1,671)(1,671)(3,343)(2,594)
MFFO$20,146,618 $10,251,910 $39,051,887 $17,944,768 
________________
(1) Amortization of lease-related costs for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, exclude amortization of operating lease ROU assets of $3,367 and $6,734 and $2,209 and $3,477, respectively, and exclude the amortization of Property Management Agreements acquired in connection with the Internalization Transaction of $206,811 and $413,622 and $0 and $0, respectively, that are included in FFO.
(2)Reflects adjustments to add back impairment charges in the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 related to our efforts to actively market two multifamily properties for sale at disposition prices that were less than their carrying values during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020.
(3)Reflects adjustments to add back impairment charges in the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 related to our investment in our Joint Venture. See Note 5 (Investment in Unconsolidated Joint Venture) to our consolidated financial statements in this Quarterly Report for details.
(4)Reflects adjustments to add back our noncontrolling interest share of the adjustments to reconcile our net loss attributable to common stockholders to FFO for our equity investment in the unconsolidated joint venture, which principally consisted of depreciation and amortization incurred by the joint venture as well as the amortization of outside basis difference.
(5)By excluding expensed acquisition costs that are not capitalized, management believes MFFO provides useful supplemental information that is comparable for each type of real estate investment and is consistent with management’s analysis of the investing and operating performance of our properties. Acquisition fees and expenses include payments to our Former Advisor or third parties and are capitalized and depreciated under certain conditions. All paid and accrued acquisition fees and expenses will have negative effects on returns to investors, the potential for future distributions, and cash flows generated by us, unless earnings from operations or net sales proceeds from the disposition of properties are generated to cover the purchase price of the property, these fees and expenses and other costs related to the property. The acquisition of properties, and the corresponding acquisition fees and expenses, is the key operational feature of our business plan to generate operational income and cash flow to fund distributions to our stockholders.
(6)Acquisition fees and expenses for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 include acquisition expenses of $787,438 and $863,433 and $1,344,282 and $1,357,429, respectively, which did not meet the criteria for capitalization under ASC 805, and were recorded in general and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. These expenses largely pertained to professional services fees incurred in connection with the ongoing pursuit of strategic alternatives and the acquisition expenses related to real estate projects which did not come to fruition.
FFO and MFFO may be used to fund all or a portion of certain capitalizable items that are excluded from FFO and MFFO, such as tenant improvements, building improvements and deferred leasing costs.
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Related-Party Transactions and Agreements
We have entered into agreements with SRI and its affiliates, including in connection with the Internalization Transaction. Prior to the Internalization Transaction, we paid certain fees to, or reimbursed certain expenses of, paid other consideration for the performance of services provided to our Former Advisor or its affiliates for acquisition and advisory fees and expenses, financing coordination fees, organization and offering costs, sales commissions, dealer manager fees, asset and property management fees and expenses, leasing fees and reimbursement of certain operating costs. See Note 10 (Related Party Arrangements) to the consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report for a discussion of the various related-party transactions, agreements and fees.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
We may be exposed to the effects of interest rate changes as a result of borrowings used to maintain liquidity and to fund the acquisition, expansion and refinancing of our real estate investment portfolio and operations. We may be also exposed to the effects of changes in interest rates as a result of the acquisition and origination of mortgage, mezzanine, bridge and other loans. Our profitability and the value of our investment portfolio may be adversely affected during any period as a result of interest rate changes. Our interest rate risk management objectives are to limit the impact of interest rate changes on earnings, prepayment penalties and cash flows and to lower overall borrowing costs. We have managed and will continue to manage interest rate risk by maintaining a ratio of fixed rate, long-term debt such that floating rate exposure is kept at an acceptable level. In addition, we may utilize a variety of financial instruments, including interest rate caps, collars, floors and swap agreements, in order to limit the effects of changes in interest rates on our operations. When we use these types of derivatives to hedge the risk of interest-earning assets or interest-bearing liabilities, we may be subject to certain risks, including the risk that losses on a hedge position will reduce the funds available for distributions to holders of our common stock and that the losses may exceed the amount we invested in the instruments.
We borrow funds and make investments at a combination of fixed and variable rates. Interest rate fluctuations will generally not affect our future earnings or cash flows on our fixed rate debt unless such instruments mature or are otherwise terminated. However, interest rate changes will affect the fair value of our fixed rate instruments. At June 30, 2021, the fair value of our fixed rate debt was $1,985,905,942 and the carrying value of our fixed rate debt was $1,852,856,997. The fair value estimate of our fixed rate debt was estimated using a discounted cash flow analysis utilizing rates we would expect to pay for debt of a similar type and remaining maturity if the loans were originated at June 30, 2021. As we expect to hold our fixed rate instruments to maturity and the amounts due under such instruments would be limited to the outstanding principal balance and any accrued and unpaid interest, we do not expect that fluctuations in interest rates, and the resulting change in fair value of our fixed rate instruments, would have a significant impact on our operations.
Conversely, movements in interest rates on our variable rate debt will change our future earnings and cash flows, but not significantly affect the fair value of those instruments. However, changes in required risk premiums will result in changes in the fair value of floating rate instruments. At June 30, 2021, the fair value of our variable rate debt was $279,890,793 and the carrying value of our variable rate debt was $281,025,149. Based on interest rates as of June 30, 2021, if interest rates are 100 basis points higher during the 12 months ending June 30, 2022, interest expense on our variable rate debt would increase by $2,872,030 and if interest rates are 100 basis points lower during the 12 months ending June 30, 2022, interest expense on our variable rate debt would decrease by $288,490.
At June 30, 2021, the weighted-average interest rate of our fixed rate debt and variable rate debt was 3.95% and 2.10%, respectively. The weighted-average interest rate of our blended fixed and variable rates was 3.71% at June 30, 2021. The weighted-average interest rate represents the actual interest rate in effect at June 30, 2021 (consisting of the contractual interest rate), using interest rate indices as of June 30, 2021, where applicable.
We may also be exposed to credit risk. Credit risk is the failure of the counterparty to perform under the terms of the derivative contract. If the fair value of a derivative contract is positive, the counterparty will owe us, which creates credit risk for us. If the fair value of a derivative contract is negative, we will owe the counterparty and, therefore, do not have credit risk. We will seek to minimize the credit risk in derivative instruments by entering into transactions with high-quality counterparties. As of June 30, 2021, we did not have counterparty risk on our interest rate cap agreements as the underlying variable rates for each of our interest rate cap agreements as of June 30, 2021 were not in excess of the capped rates. See also Note 14 (Derivative Financial Instruments) to our unaudited consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report.


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Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
We maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to us, including our chief executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, we recognize that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives, as ours are designed to do, and we necessarily are required to apply our judgment in evaluating whether the benefits of the controls and procedures that we adopt outweigh their costs.
As required by Rules 13a-15(b) and 15d-15(b) of the Exchange Act, an evaluation as of June 30, 2021, was conducted under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our chief executive officer and principal financial officer, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act). Based on this evaluation, our chief executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures, as of June 30, 2021, were effective at the reasonable assurance level.
Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ended June 30, 2021, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
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PART II — OTHER INFORMATION
PART II
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
From time to time, we are party to legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of our business. Management is not aware of any legal proceedings of which the outcome is reasonably possible to have a material adverse effect on our results of operations or financial condition, nor are we aware of any such legal proceedings contemplated by government agencies.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
The risks set out below represent changes to risk factors disclosed in Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020. The information in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the other factors described in “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.
Unless otherwise stated in these risk factors or the context otherwise requires, references in these risk factors to:
“combined company” are to IRT and its consolidated subsidiaries after consummation of the pending IRT Mergers;
“IRT parties” are to IRT, IRT OP and IRT Merger Sub;
“NYSE” are to the New York Stock Exchange;
“STAR common stock” are to shares of our common stock, par value $0.01 per share;
“STAR OP Units” are to units of limited partnership interest in the Operating Partnership; and
“STAR parties” are to both the Company and the Operating Partnership.
Risks Relating to the IRT Mergers
The IRT Mergers may not be consummated on the terms or timeline currently contemplated, or at all. Consummation of the IRT Mergers is subject to many conditions and if these conditions are not satisfied or waived, the IRT Mergers will not be consummated, which could adversely affect the businesses of the Company, and, in certain circumstances, result in the requirement that the Company pay a termination fee or certain expense reimbursements.
Consummation of the IRT Mergers is subject to certain conditions, including: (1) the receipt of required approvals from the Company’s common stockholders and from IRT’s common stockholders, (2) the authorization for listing of the shares of IRT common stock to be issued in the IRT Mergers or reserved for issuance in connection therewith on the New York Stock Exchange, (3) the effectiveness of the registration statement on Form S-4 that IRT will file with the SEC, (4) the absence of any order issued by any court of competent jurisdiction or other legal restraint or prohibition preventing the consummation of the IRT Mergers or any law that makes the consummation of the IRT Mergers illegal, (5) the accuracy of each party’s representations and warranties, subject in most cases to materiality or material adverse effect qualifications, (6) material compliance with each party’s covenants and (7) the receipt by each of the Company and IRT of an opinion to the effect that the Company Merger will qualify as a “reorganization” within the meaning of Section 368(a) of the Internal Revenue Code, and of an opinion as to the qualification of the Company and IRT, respectively, as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code and (8) the receipt of the Company and IRT of certain lender consents.
The Company cannot provide assurance that the conditions to consummation of the IRT Mergers will be satisfied or waived, and accordingly, that the IRT Mergers will be consummated on the terms or timeline that the parties anticipate, or at all. The Company or IRT may terminate the Merger Agreement under certain circumstances, including, among other reasons, if the IRT Mergers are not consummated by January 31, 2022.
Failure to consummate the IRT Mergers may adversely affect the the Company’s results of operations, financial condition and business prospects for many reasons, including, among others:
the company will have incurred substantial costs relating to the IRT Mergers, such as legal, accounting, financial advisor, filing, printing and mailing fees and integration costs that have already been incurred or will continue to be incurred until the closing of the IRT Mergers, which could adversely affect its financial condition, results of operations and ability to make distributions to its stockholders and to pay the principal of and interest on its outstanding indebtedness;
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PART II — OTHER INFORMATION (continued)
the IRT Mergers, whether or not they close, will divert the attention of the management of the Company instead of enabling them to more fully pursue other opportunities that could be beneficial to the Company, without realizing any of the benefits of having consummated the IRT Mergers or the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement; and
any reputational harm due to the adverse perception of any failure to successfully consummate the IRT Mergers. In addition, if the Merger Agreement is terminated under certain circumstances specified therein, the Company may be required to pay IRT a $74 million termination fee and expense reimbursement of up to $10 million; provided, however, any termination fee payable will be deducted by the expense reimbursement amount.
The Exchange Ratio is fixed and will not be adjusted in the event of any change in the price of IRT’s common stock or in the relative values of the Company and IRT.
At the effective time of the Company Merger, each issued and outstanding share of STAR common stock will be converted into the right to receive 0.905 newly issued shares of IRT common stock (the “Exchange Ratio”), with cash paid in lieu of fractional shares. At the effective time of the Partnership Merger, each issued and outstanding unit of Operating Partnership will be converted into the right to receive 0.905 common units of IRT OP. The Exchange Ratio is fixed and will not be adjusted for changes in the market price of IRT common stock or in the relative values of the Company and IRT. The price of IRT common stock at the closing of the IRT Mergers may vary from its price on July 26, 2021, the date the Merger Agreement was executed. Changes in IRT’s common stock price prior to consummation of the IRT Mergers will affect the market value of the merger consideration, which may be more or less than the fair value of the Company’s net assets on the closing date. Changes in IRT’s common stock price may result from a variety of factors (many of which are beyond the control of the Company and IRT), including the following factors:
changes in IRT’s business, operations, assets, liabilities or prospects;
changes in market assessments of the business, operations, financial position and prospects of IRT and the Company;
market assessments of the likelihood that the IRT Mergers will be consummated;
interest rates, general market and economic conditions and other factors generally affecting the price of IRT common stock;
federal, state and local legislation, governmental regulation and legal developments in the businesses in which IRT operates; and
other factors beyond the control of IRT or the Company, including those described under this heading “Risk Factors.”
The pendency of the IRT Mergers could adversely affect the business and operations of the Company and IRT.
In connection with the pending IRT Mergers, current and prospective employees of the Company and IRT may experience uncertainty about their future roles with IRT following the IRT Mergers, which may materially adversely affect the ability of each of the Company and IRT to attract and retain key personnel during the pendency of the IRT Mergers. In addition, due to operating covenants in the Merger Agreement, each of the Company and IRT may be unable (without the other party’s prior written consent), during the pendency of the IRT Mergers, to pursue strategic transactions, undertake significant capital projects, undertake certain significant financing transactions and otherwise pursue other actions, even if such actions would prove beneficial. Similarly, some current or prospective tenants, operators or vendors of each of the Company and IRT may delay or defer decisions, which could adversely affect the revenues, earnings, funds from operations, cash flows and expenses of the Company and IRT, regardless of whether the IRT Mergers are consummated.
The IRT Mergers and related transactions are subject to certain closing conditions, including approval by stockholders of both the Company and IRT.
In order for the IRT Mergers to be consummated, the Company’s common stockholders must approve the Company Merger, which requires the affirmative vote of the holders of at least a majority of the outstanding shares of STAR common stock entitled to vote on such proposal. In addition, IRT common stockholders must approve the issuance of IRT common stock in the IRT Mergers by the affirmative vote of the holders of at least a majority of the votes cast on such proposal. This approval by IRT stockholders is required under applicable NYSE rules.
The IRT Mergers may not be accretive, and may be dilutive, to IRT’s earnings per share, which may negatively affect the market price of IRT common stock received in the merger.
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PART II — OTHER INFORMATION (continued)
Because shares of IRT common stock will be issued in the IRT Mergers, it is possible that, although IRT currently expects the IRT Mergers to be accretive to earnings per share in the first full year excluding one-time charges, the IRT Mergers may be dilutive to IRT’s earnings per share, which could negatively affect the market price of shares of IRT common stock.
In connection with the completion of the IRT Mergers, based on the number of issued and outstanding shares of STAR common stock as of July 26, 2021, IRT would issue approximately 99.8 million shares of IRT common stock. The issuance of these new shares of IRT common stock could have the effect of depressing the market price of shares of IRT common stock through dilution of earnings per share or otherwise.
In addition, future events and conditions could increase the dilution that is currently projected, including adverse changes in market conditions, additional transaction and integration related costs and other factors such as the failure to realize some or all of the benefits anticipated in the IRT Mergers. Any dilution of, or delay of any accretion to, IRT’s earnings per share could cause the price of shares of IRT common stock to decline or grow at a reduced rate.
The Merger Agreement contains provisions that could discourage a potential competing acquiror of the Company from making a favorable proposal, and, in specified circumstances, could require the Company to make a substantial termination payment to IRT.
The Merger Agreement contains provisions that, subject to limited exceptions, restrict the ability of each of the Company and IRT to initiate, solicit, knowingly encourage or facilitate competing third-party proposals to effect, among other things, a merger, reorganization, share sale, share exchange, asset sale, consolidation, business combination, recapitalization, liquidation, dissolution or similar transaction involving any purchase or sale of 20% or more of the consolidated assets of the Company or IRT. In addition, either the Company or IRT generally has an opportunity to offer to modify the terms of the Mer