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RYAM Rayonier Advanced Materials

Filed: 4 Nov 21, 2:34pm

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 25, 2021
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    For the transition period from              to             
Commission File Number 001-36285
ryam-20210925_g1.jpg
RAYONIER ADVANCED MATERIALS INC.
Incorporated in the State of Delaware
I.R.S. Employer Identification No. 46-4559529
1301 RIVERPLACE BOULEVARD, SUITE 2300
JACKSONVILLE, FL 32207
(Principal Executive Office)
Telephone Number: (904) 357-4600

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par valueRYAMNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes x        No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
Yes x       No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated fileroAccelerated filerx
Non-accelerated filer  oSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes         No x
The registrant had 63,737,353 shares of common stock, $.01 par value per share, outstanding as of November 1, 2021.



Table of Contents
 


Part I.Financial Information

Item 1.Financial Statements

Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss)
(Unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 25, 2021September 26, 2020September 25, 2021September 26, 2020
Net Sales$374,014 $323,483 $1,033,712 $972,128 
Cost of Sales(354,678)(301,913)(971,672)(919,741)
Gross Margin19,336 21,570 62,040 52,387 
Selling, general and administrative expenses(17,473)(18,322)(51,548)(57,389)
Foreign exchange gains (losses)3,315 (1,079)582 79 
Other operating expense, net(2,352)(3,279)(7,345)(8,514)
Operating Income (Loss)2,826 (1,110)3,729 (13,437)
Interest expense(17,185)(13,739)(49,003)(40,554)
Interest income and other, net2,113 (2,700)379 (3,263)
Other components of pension and OPEB, excluding service costs803 1,900 1,545 1,293 
Unrealized loss on GreenFirst equity securities(7,955)— (7,955)— 
Gain on debt extinguishment2,326 — 2,326 — 
Loss from Continuing Operations Before Income Taxes(17,072)(15,649)(48,979)(55,961)
Income tax benefit (Note 16)4,101 28,270 28,665 47,090 
  Equity in loss of equity method investment(423)— (994)— 
Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations(13,394)12,621 (21,308)(8,871)
Income from discontinued operations, net of taxes (Note 2)8,636 16,239 111,751 741 
Net Income (Loss)$(4,758)$28,860 $90,443 $(8,130)
Basic Earnings (Loss) Per Common Share (Note 13)
Income (loss) from continuing operations$(0.21)$0.20 $(0.33)$(0.14)
Income from discontinued operations0.14 0.26 1.76 0.01 
Net income (loss) per common share-basic$(0.07)$0.46 $1.43 $(0.13)
Diluted Earnings (Loss) Per Common Share (Note 13)
Income (loss) from continuing operations$(0.21)$0.20 $(0.33)$(0.14)
Income from discontinued operations0.14 0.25 1.76 0.01 
Net income (loss) per common share-diluted$(0.07)$0.45 $1.43 $(0.13)

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

1

Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands)
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 25, 2021September 26, 2020September 25, 2021September 26, 2020
Net Income (Loss)$(4,758)$28,860 $90,443 $(8,130)
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), net of tax (Note 11):
Foreign currency translation adjustments(4,336)10,572 (10,558)9,989 
Unrealized gain (loss) on derivative instruments86 7,589 (2,767)(2,942)
Net gain from pension and postretirement plans6,177 2,733 12,842 12,047 
Total other comprehensive income (loss)1,927 20,894 (483)19,094 
Comprehensive Income (Loss)$(2,831)$49,754 $89,960 $10,964 


See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
2

Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
 September 25, 2021December 31, 2020
Assets
Current Assets
Cash and cash equivalents$279,156 $93,653 
Accounts receivable, net (Note 3)203,932 179,208 
Inventory (Note 4)206,209 170,647 
Income tax receivable28,921 58,657 
Investment in GreenFirst equity securities (Note 2)34,204 — 
Prepaid and other current assets54,155 58,845 
Assets of discontinued operations-held for sale (Note 2)— 72,562 
Total current assets806,577 633,572 
Property, Plant and Equipment (net of accumulated depreciation of $1,637,866 at September 25, 2021 and $1,578,140 at December 31, 2020)
1,133,277 1,177,791 
Deferred Tax Assets340,736 382,959 
Intangible Assets, net33,184 38,441 
Other Assets160,763 156,399 
Assets of discontinued operations-held for sale (Note 2)— 140,703 
Total Assets$2,474,537 $2,529,865 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current Liabilities
Accounts payable$143,889 $156,721 
Accrued and other current liabilities (Note 6)138,118 109,715 
Debt due within one year (Note 7)22,482 17,100 
Current environmental liabilities (Note 8)8,685 8,684 
Liabilities of discontinued operations-held for sale (Note 2)— 780 
Total current liabilities313,174 293,000 
Long-Term Debt (Note 7)924,040 1,066,837 
Long-Term Environmental Liabilities (Note 8)161,547 162,995 
Pension and Other Postretirement Benefits239,733 251,391 
Deferred Tax Liabilities21,803 24,462 
Other Long-Term Liabilities28,996 24,279 
Liabilities of Discontinued Operations-Held for Sale (Note 2)— 11,814 
Commitments and Contingencies (Note 18)00
Stockholders’ Equity
Common stock, 140,000,000 shares authorized at $0.01 par value, 63,737,356 and 63,359,839 issued and outstanding, as of September 25, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively637 633 
Additional paid-in capital405,354 405,161 
Retained earnings513,371 422,928 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (Note 11)(134,118)(133,635)
Total Stockholders’ Equity785,244 695,087 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity$2,474,537 $2,529,865 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
3

Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands)
Nine Months Ended
September 25, 2021September 26, 2020
Operating Activities
Net income (loss)$90,443 $(8,130)
Loss (income) from discontinued operations(111,751)(741)
Adjustments to reconcile income (loss) from continuing operations to cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization101,284 101,285 
Stock-based incentive compensation expense1,620 6,714 
Deferred income tax expense (benefit)(29,569)9,316 
Gain on debt extinguishment(2,326)— 
Unrealized loss on GreenFirst equity securities7,955 — 
Net periodic benefit cost of pension and other postretirement plans7,338 6,495 
Unrealized loss (gain) on derivative instruments(3,787)3,049 
Unrealized loss (gain) from foreign currency(1,304)(1,482)
Other6,615 5,102 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Receivables(36,264)16,113 
Inventories(33,560)(5,958)
Accounts payable(2,903)(2,203)
Accrued liabilities25,858 16,560 
All other operating activities30,263 (82,075)
Contributions to pension and other postretirement plans(5,243)(7,433)
Cash Provided by Operating Activities-continuing operations44,669 56,612 
Cash Provided by Operating Activities-discontinued operations162,230 6,463 
Cash Provided by Operating Activities206,899 63,075 
Investing Activities
Capital expenditures, net(61,029)(35,416)
Investment in equity method investment(4,142)— 
Cash Used for Investing Activities-continuing operations(65,171)(35,416)
Cash Provided by (Used for) Investing Activities-discontinued operations182,690 (7,403)
Cash Provided by (Used for) Investing Activities117,519 (42,819)
Financing Activities
Revolving credit facility and other borrowings— 22,887 
Repayments of revolving credit and other facilities— (17,000)
Repayment of long-term debt(131,171)(4,209)
Short-term financing, net(4,492)— 
Common stock repurchased(1,422)(456)
Debt issue costs(636)(3,378)
Cash Used for Financing Activities(137,721)(2,156)
Cash and Cash Equivalents
Change in cash and cash equivalents186,697 18,100 
Net effect of foreign exchange on cash and cash equivalents(1,194)764 
Balance, beginning of year93,653 64,025 
Balance, end of period$279,156 $82,889 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
4

Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

(Dollar amounts in thousands unless otherwise stated)

1.    Basis of Presentation and New Accounting Pronouncements
Basis of Presentation
The unaudited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto of Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc. (the “Company”) have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). In the opinion of management, these consolidated financial statements and notes reflect all adjustments (all of which are normal recurring adjustments) necessary for a fair presentation of the results of operations, financial position and cash flows for the periods presented. These statements and notes should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and supplementary data included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, as filed with the SEC on March 1, 2021.
On August 28, 2021, the Company completed the previously announced sale of its lumber and newsprint facilities and certain related assets (the “Purchased Assets”) located in Ontario and Québec Canada to GreenFirst Forest Products, Inc. (“GreenFirst”). As a result of the sale, the lumber and newsprint assets and operations have been presented as discontinued operations and the Company has reclassified certain prior year amounts to conform to this presentation. Unless otherwise stated, information in these notes to consolidated financial statements relates to continuing operations. The Company presents businesses that represent components as discontinued operations when they meet the criteria for held for sale or are sold, and their disposal represents a strategic shift that has, or will have, a major effect on our operations and financial results. See Note 2 —Discontinued Operations for additional information.
Coronavirus Pandemic
During 2020, the Company’s businesses were significantly impacted by the coronavirus ("COVID-19") pandemic. While market demand and pricing for certain of the Company’s products began to recover towards the end of 2020 and have continued to improve throughout 2021, the Company's operations remain vulnerable to a reversal of these trends or other continuing negative effects caused by COVID-19.
In its operating facilities and work spaces, the Company continues to maintain protocols previously implemented to reduce the potential spread of COVID-19 and ensure the safety of its employees and continuity of operations.
New or Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
There have been no new or recently adopted accounting pronouncements impacting the Company’s unaudited consolidated interim financial statements.
Subsequent Events
Events and transactions subsequent to the consolidated balance sheets date have been evaluated for potential recognition and disclosure through the date of issuance of these Consolidated Financial Statements. The following subsequent events warranting disclosure were identified:
On October 7, 2021, pursuant to a notice previously provided to the trustee under the indenture governing its 7.625% Senior Secured Notes due 2026 (the “Secured Notes”), the Company redeemed $25 million of the Secured Notes at a redemption price of 103 percent.


5


Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - (Unaudited) (Continued)
2.    Discontinued Operations
On August 28, 2021, the Company completed the previously announced sale of its lumber and newsprint facilities and certain related assets (the “Purchased Assets”) located in Ontario and Québec Canada, to GreenFirst for $232 million. At closing, the Company received $193 million in cash, approximately 28.7 million shares of GreenFirst’s common stock with a deemed fair value of $42 million and a credit note issued to the Company by GreenFirst in the amount of CDN $8 million (approximately $5 million after present value discount). The credit note may be offset against amounts owed by the Company to GreenFirst in the future for wood chip purchases, equally over the next 5 years. The GreenFirst shares will be held for a minimum of six months and accounted for at fair value, with changes in fair value recorded in the consolidated statement of income. See Note 10 — Fair Value Measurements for additional information.
The cash received at closing was preliminary and subject to final purchase price adjustments to be completed within 90 days following the close of the transaction. Driven primarily by lower inventory balances, the Company currently estimates the cash portion of the purchase price will be reduced by $8 million, from $193 million to $185 million. However, concurrently with purchase price adjustments, the Company and GreenFirst will settle other adjustments resulting from events related to the sale, expected to result in a net cash outflow by the Company of approximately $2 million to $3 million.
As of August 28, 2021, the carrying value of the Purchased Assets was $215 million. The Purchased Assets included 6 lumber facilities, a newsprint facility, inventory and certain real property, machinery, permits, leases, licenses, pension assets and liabilities and other related assets associated with the successful operations of these businesses. Other assets and liabilities, including accounts receivable, accounts payable, certain retained inventory and rights and obligations to softwood lumber duties, generated or incurred through the closing date, are excluded. Since 2017, the Company has paid a total of $112 million in duties. In connection with the sale, the Company recorded a preliminary gain on sale of $6 million, net of tax, inclusive of currently estimated purchase price adjustments. The preliminary net gain is included in the results of discontinued operations.
In connection with the transaction, the Company entered into a 20-year wood chip and residual fiber supply agreement with GreenFirst, securing supply for the Company’s operations at the Temiscaming plant. Additionally, the parties entered into a Transition Services Agreement ("TSA") whereby the Company will provide certain transitional services to GreenFirst, for a period of time following the closing of the transaction, not to exceed twelve months from such date. The TSA includes support related to information technology, accounting, treasury, human resources and payroll, tax, supply chain and procurement functions. Costs incurred by the Company associated with the TSA will be reimbursed by GreenFirst.

Income (loss) from discontinued operations is comprised of the following:
6

Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - (Unaudited) (Continued)
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 25, 2021September 26, 2020September 25, 2021September 26, 2020
Net sales (a)$83,994 $100,440 $442,833 $258,356 
Cost of sales(68,224)(72,040)(237,912)(230,098)
Gross margin15,770 28,400 204,921 28,258 
Selling, general and administrative expenses and other(7,571)(9,901)(26,465)(24,860)
Operating income (loss)8,199 18,499 178,456 3,398 
Interest expense (b)(1,973)(2,162)(7,290)(6,333)
Other non-operating income254 711 967 1,969 
Income (loss) from discontinued operations before income taxes6,480 17,048 172,133 (966)
Income tax benefit (expense)(4,239)(793)(66,777)952 
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of taxes$2,241 $16,255 $105,356 $(14)
Gain from sale of discontinued operations, pre-tax9,217 — 9,217 956 
Income tax expense on gain(2,822)(17)(2,822)(200)
Gain from sale of discontinued operations, net of tax (c)6,395 (17)6,395 756 
Income from Discontinued Operations$8,636 $16,238 $111,751 $742 

(a)    Net of intercompany sales of $8 million and $10 million for three months ended September 25, 2021 and September 26, 2020, respectively, and $31 million and $33 million for the nine months ended September 25, 2021 and September 26, 2020, respectively.

(b)    The Company has allocated interest expense to discontinued operations based on the total portion of debt not attributable to other operations repaid as a result of the transaction.

(c)    Also included in income from discontinued operations for the three and nine months ended September 26, 2020 is income/ (expense) of $(17) thousand and $756 thousand, respectively, from working capital adjustments that arose following the closing of the November 2019 sale of the Company’s Matane, Quebec pulp mill.

Other discontinued operations information is as follows:    
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 25, 2021September 26, 2020September 25, 2021September 26, 2020
Depreciation and amortization$— $3,477 $3,172 $9,259 
Capital expenditures$2,119 $3,976 $7,933 $7,403 
    
The following table presents the major classes of assets and liabilities of discontinued operations that are classified as held for sale:
7

Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - (Unaudited) (Continued)
September 25, 2021December 31, 2020
Inventory$— $62,837 
Prepaid and other current assets— 9,725 
Total current assets— 72,562 
Property, plant and equipment, net— 97,151 
Other assets— 43,552 
   Total assets$— $213,265 
Accrued and other current liabilities$— $780 
Total current liabilities— 780 
Pension and Other Postretirement Benefits— 9,316 
Other long-term liabilities— 2,498 
Total liabilities$— $12,594 

As of September 25, 2021, collective bargaining agreements currently covering less than 40 unionized employees in Canada working in the lumber and newsprint operations had expired. The unionized employees have continued to work under the terms of the expired contracts while negotiations continue with GreenFirst. The Company is no longer a party to these negotiations.

3.    Accounts Receivable, Net
The Company’s accounts receivable included the following:
 September 25, 2021December 31, 2020
Accounts receivable, trade$163,022 $140,036 
Accounts receivable, other (a)41,646 39,659 
Allowance for expected credit losses(736)(487)
Total accounts receivable, net$203,932 $179,208 
(a)    Accounts receivable, other consists primarily of value added/consumption taxes, grants receivable and accrued billings due from government agencies.

4.    Inventory
The Company’s inventory included the following:
 September 25, 2021December 31, 2020
Finished goods$152,411 $119,549 
Work-in-progress4,885 2,242 
Raw materials43,672 43,697 
Manufacturing and maintenance supplies5,241 5,159 
Total inventory$206,209 $170,647 

5.     Leases
The Company’s operating and finance leases are primarily for corporate offices, warehouse space, rail cars and equipment. As of September 25, 2021, the Company’s leases have remaining lease terms of 1 year to 7.4 years with standard renewal and
8

Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - (Unaudited) (Continued)
termination options available at the Company’s discretion. Certain equipment leases have purchase options at the end of the term of the lease, which are not included in the Right of Use (“ROU”) assets as it is not reasonably certain that the Company will exercise such options. The Company’s lease agreements do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants.
The Company uses its incremental borrowing rate in determining the present value of lease payments unless the lease provides an implicit or explicit interest rate. The weighted average discount rate used in determining the operating lease ROU assets and liabilities as of September 25, 2021 and December 31, 2020 was 7.9 percent and 6.1 percent, respectively. The weighted average discount rate used in determining the finance lease ROU assets and liabilities as of September 25, 2021 and December 31, 2020 was 7.0 percent.
The Company’s operating and finance lease cost is as follows:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 25, 2021September 26, 2020September 25, 2021September 26, 2020
Operating Leases
   Operating lease expense$1,416 $1,419 $4,254 $4,411 
Finance Leases
   Amortization of ROU assets89 83 262 244 
   Interest40 46 125 142 
Total$1,545 $1,548 $4,641 $4,797 
As of September 25, 2021, the weighted average remaining lease term is 4.3 years and 5.2 years for operating leases and financing leases, respectively. As of December 31, 2020, the weighted average remaining lease term is 3.5 years and 5.9 years for operating leases and finance leases, respectively. Cash provided by operating activities includes approximately $5 million and $4 million from operating lease payments made during the nine months ended September 25, 2021 and September 26, 2020, respectively. Finance lease cash flows were immaterial during the nine months ended September 25, 2021 and September 26, 2020.
As of September 25, 2021 and December 31, 2020, assets acquired under finance leases of $2 million and $2 million, respectively, are reflected in Property, Plant and Equipment, net. The Company’s finance leases are included as debt and the maturities for the remainder of 2021 and the next four years and thereafter are included in Note 7 — Debt and Finance Leases. The Company’s consolidated balance sheet includes the following operating lease assets and liabilities:
Balance Sheet ClassificationSeptember 25, 2021December 31, 2020
Right-of-use assetsOther assets$12,865 $15,847 
Lease liabilities, currentAccrued and other current liabilities$5,256 $4,886 
Lease liabilities, non-currentOther long-term liabilities$8,430 $11,974 
As of September 25, 2021, operating lease maturities for the remainder of 2021 through 2025 and thereafter are as follows:
September 25, 2021
Remainder of 2021$1,484 
20225,875 
20234,998 
20241,481 
2025648 
Thereafter462 
Total minimum lease payments$14,948 
Less: imputed interest(1,262)
Present value of future minimum lease payments$13,686 
9

Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - (Unaudited) (Continued)

6.    Accrued and Other Current Liabilities
The Company’s accrued and other current liabilities included the following:
 September 25, 2021December 31, 2020
Accrued customer incentives and prepayments$27,660 $29,387 
Accrued payroll and benefits22,354 21,500 
Accrued interest14,934 3,230 
Accrued income taxes5,697 5,052 
Accrued stumpage2,608 10,045 
Accrued property and other taxes9,951 3,995 
Deferred revenue (a)20,463 721 
Other current liabilities34,451 35,785 
Total accrued and other current liabilities$138,118 $109,715 
(a) In January 2021, the Company's Canadian subsidiaries applied for the Canada Emergency Wage Subsidy (“CEWS”) in the amount of CAD $25 million for periods between March 2020 and August 2020. As of September 25, 2021, the Company had received the full amount. All CEWS claims are subject to mandatory audit. The Company will recognize amounts from these claims in income at the time that there is sufficient evidence that it will not be required to repay such amounts.


7.    Debt and Finance Leases
The Company’s debt and finance leases included the following:
September 25, 2021December 31, 2020
ABL Credit Facility due 2025, $76 million available, bearing interest 0.25% LIBOR floor plus 2.50%, interest rate of 2.75% at September 25, 2021$— $— 
Senior Secured Notes due 2026 at a fixed interest rate of 7.625%500,000 500,000 
Senior Notes due 2024 at a fixed interest rate of 5.5%369,185 495,647 
Canadian dollar, fixed interest rate term loans with rates ranging from 5.5% to 6.86% and maturity dates ranging from July 2022 through April 2028, secured by certain assets of the Temiscaming mill68,332 73,791 
Other loans (a)15,574 18,193 
Short-term factoring facility-France597 5,089 
Finance lease obligation2,228 2,489 
Total debt principal payments due955,916 1,095,209 
Less: Debt premium, original issue discount and issuance costs, net(9,394)(11,272)
Total debt946,522 1,083,937 
Less: Debt due within one year(22,482)(17,100)
Long-term debt$924,040 $1,066,837 
(a) Primarily loans for energy projects in France.
10

Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - (Unaudited) (Continued)
During the third quarter, the Company repurchased approximately $127 million of its 5.50% Senior Notes due 2024 (the “Unsecured Notes”) through open-market transactions and retired such Unsecured Notes for approximately $124 million in cash. In connection with the repurchases, the Company wrote off $1 million of deferred financing costs associated with the Unsecured Notes. The net gain of $2 million is recorded in Gain on debt extinguishment in the Consolidated Statement of Income.

As of September 25, 2021, debt and finance lease payments due during the remainder of 2021, the next four years and thereafter are as follows:
Finance Lease PaymentsDebt Principal Payments
Remainder of 2021$129 $4,703 
2022515 30,115 
2023515 10,232 
2024515 379,338 
2025515 10,195 
Thereafter472 519,105 
Total principal payments$2,661 $953,688 
Less: Imputed interest433 
Present value minimum finance lease payments$2,228 


8.    Environmental Liabilities
An analysis of liabilities for the nine months ended September 25, 2021 is as follows:
Balance, December 31, 2020$171,679 
Increase in liabilities2,972 
Payments(4,456)
Foreign currency adjustments37 
Balance, September 25, 2021170,232 
Less: Current portion(8,685)
Long-term environmental liabilities$161,547 
In addition to the estimated liabilities, the Company is subject to the risk of reasonably possible additional liabilities in excess of the established reserves due to potential changes in circumstances and future events, including, without limitation, changes to current laws and regulations; changes in governmental agency personnel, direction, philosophy and/or enforcement policies; developments in remediation technologies; increases in the cost of remediation, operation, maintenance and monitoring of its environmental liability sites; changes in the volume, nature or extent of contamination to be remediated or monitoring to be undertaken; the outcome of negotiations with governmental agencies and non-governmental parties; and changes in accounting rules or interpretations. Based on information available as of September 25, 2021, the Company estimates this exposure could range up to approximately $78 million, although no assurances can be given that this amount will not be exceeded given the factors described above. These potential additional costs are attributable to several sites and other applicable liabilities. Further, this estimate excludes reasonably possible liabilities which are not currently estimable primarily due to the factors discussed above.
Subject to the previous paragraph, the Company believes established liabilities are sufficient for probable costs expected to be incurred over the next 20 years with respect to its environmental liabilities. However, no assurances are given they will be sufficient for the reasons described above, and additional liabilities could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows.
9.    Derivative Instruments
11

Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - (Unaudited) (Continued)
The Company’s earnings and cash flows are subject to fluctuations due to changes in interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates. The Company allows for the use of derivative financial instruments to manage interest rate and foreign currency exchange rate exposure but does not allow derivatives to be used for speculative purposes.  
All derivative instruments are recognized on the consolidated balance sheets at their fair value and are either designated as a hedge of a forecasted transaction or undesignated. Changes in the fair value of a derivative designated as a hedge are recorded in other comprehensive income until earnings are affected by the hedged transaction and are then reported in current earnings. Changes in the fair value of undesignated derivative instruments and the ineffective portion of designated derivative instruments are reported in current earnings.
In December 2020, the Company terminated all outstanding derivative instruments, which had been previously designated as hedging instruments and had various maturity dates through 2028. Accumulated gains and losses associated with these instruments were deferred as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), totaling a net after tax gain of $2 million as of December 31, 2020, to be recognized in earnings as the underlying hedged transactions occur and affect earnings. During the three and nine months ended September 25, 2021, the Company recognized after-tax gains of $86 thousand and $2.8 million, respectively, associated with the deferred component in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) related to these settlements. A $0.9 million net after-tax loss remains deferred within accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) as of September 25, 2021, which will be recognized in earnings as the underlying hedged transactions occur and affect earnings.
Interest Rate Risk
The Company’s current debt obligations are primarily fixed and therefore not materially exposed to variability in interest payments due to changes in interest rates. The Company previously entered into interest rate swap agreements to reduce the volatility of interest expense, achieve a desired proportion of fixed-rate versus floating-rate debt and to hedge the variability in cash flows attributable to interest rate risks caused by changes in the LIBOR benchmark.
The Company had designated the swaps as cash flow hedges and assesses their effectiveness using the hypothetical derivative method in conjunction with regression. Effective gains and losses deferred to AOCI are reclassified into earnings over the life of the associated hedge. Ineffective gains and losses are classified to earnings immediately. There was no hedge ineffectiveness during 2020.
Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risk
Foreign currency fluctuations affect investments in foreign subsidiaries and foreign currency cash flows related to third party purchases, product shipments, and foreign-denominated debt. The Company is also exposed to the translation of foreign currency earnings to the U.S. dollar. Management may use foreign currency forward contracts to selectively hedge its foreign currency cash flows exposure and manage risk associated with changes in currency exchange rates. The Company’s principal foreign currency exposure is to the Canadian dollar, and to a lesser extent, the euro.

The effects of derivatives designated as hedging instruments, the related changes in AOCI and the gains and losses in income is as follows:
12

Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - (Unaudited) (Continued)
Three Months Ended September 25, 2021
Derivatives Designated as Hedging InstrumentsGain (Loss) Recognized in OCI on DerivativeGain (Loss) Reclassified from AOCI into IncomeLocation on Statement of Income
Foreign exchange forward contracts$— $(99)Interest income and other, net
Three Months Ended September 26, 2020
Gain (Loss) Recognized in OCI on DerivativeGain (Loss) Reclassified from AOCI into IncomeLocation on Statement of Income
Interest rate swaps$273 $(595)Interest expense
Foreign exchange forward contracts$2,176 $223 Other operating income (expense), net
Foreign exchange forward contracts$3,197 $(3,197)Cost of sales
Foreign exchange forward contracts$1,992 $1,316 Interest income and other, net
Nine Months Ended September 25, 2021
Derivatives Designated as Hedging InstrumentsGain (Loss) Recognized in OCI on DerivativeGain (Loss) Reclassified from AOCI into IncomeLocation on Statement of Income
Foreign exchange forward contracts$— $4,088 Cost of sales
Foreign exchange forward contracts$— $(301)Interest income and other, net
Nine Months Ended September 26, 2020
Derivatives Designated as Hedging InstrumentsGain (Loss) Recognized in OCI on DerivativeGain (Loss) Reclassified from AOCI into IncomeLocation on Statement of Income
Interest rate swaps$(1,709)$(1,431)Interest expense
Foreign exchange forward contracts$(18,442)$(771)Other operating income (expense), net
Foreign exchange forward contracts$6,666 $(6,666)Cost of sales
Foreign exchange forward contracts$(2,718)$(3,281)Interest income and other, net
The effects of derivative instruments not designated as hedging instruments on the consolidated statement of income were as follows:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging InstrumentsLocation of Gain (Loss) Recognized in Income on DerivativeSeptember 25, 2021September 26, 2020September 25, 2021September 26, 2020
Foreign exchange forward contractsOther operating income (expense), net$— $— $— $(703)


The after-tax amounts of unrealized gains (losses) in AOCI related to hedge derivatives are presented below:
September 25, 2021December 31, 2020
Foreign exchange cash flow hedges$(934)$1,834 
The portion of future reclassifications from AOCI into earnings will fluctuate as the underlying hedged transactions occur and affect earnings.

13

Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - (Unaudited) (Continued)
10.    Fair Value Measurements     
The following table presents the carrying amount, estimated fair values and categorization under the fair value hierarchy for financial instruments held by the Company, using market information and what management believes to be appropriate valuation methodologies:
September 25, 2021December 31, 2020
Carrying
Amount
Fair ValueCarrying
Amount
Fair Value
Assets:Level 1Level 2Level 1Level 2
Cash and cash equivalents$279,156 $279,156 $— $93,653 $93,653 $— 
Investment in GreenFirst equity securities$34,204 $— $34,204 $— $— $— 
Liabilities (a):
Fixed-rate long-term debt943,697 — 989,112 1,076,359 — 1,050,287 
(a) Liabilities exclude finance lease obligation.
The Company uses the following methods and assumptions in estimating the fair value of its financial instruments:
Cash and cash equivalents — The carrying amount is equal to fair market value.
Investment in GreenFirst shares — The fair value of the shares of common stock received in connection with the sale of the lumber and newsprint assets to GreenFirst reflects a discount for lack of marketability (“DLOM”) given the restriction on sale by the Company for a minimum of six months following the close of the transaction. The primary inputs in the fair value estimate are expected term, dividend yield, volatility and risk-free rate. All inputs to the DLOM are obvservable. GreenFirst is based in Canada and currently does not pay a dividend. The following are the key inputs at each measurement date:

 At closing of transactionAt period end
Expected Term 0.5 years 0.425 years
Risk-free rate 0.20 % 0.15 %
Dividend yield —  — 
Volatility 92.04 % 88.79 %
     
DLOM 14.38 % 12.90 %


Debt — The fair value of fixed rate debt is based upon quoted market prices for debt with similar terms and maturities.


14

Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - (Unaudited) (Continued)
11.    Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The components of AOCI are as follows:
Nine Months Ended
September 25, 2021September 26, 2020
Unrecognized components of employee benefit plans, net of tax:
Balance, beginning of year$(146,614)$(126,638)
Other comprehensive gain (loss) before reclassifications(236)4,781 
Income tax on other comprehensive loss61 (1,238)
Reclassifications to earnings: (a)
Pension settlement loss226 — 
Amortization of losses12,258 10,143 
Amortization of prior service costs413 422 
Income tax on reclassifications(2,853)(2,061)
Plans included in sale of assets to GreenFirst4,012 — 
Income Tax on plans included in sale of assets to GreenFirst(1,039)— 
Net comprehensive gain on employee benefit plans, net of tax12,842 12,047 
Balance, end of period(133,772)(114,591)
Unrealized gain (loss) on derivative instruments, net of tax:
Balance, beginning of year1,834 1,290 
Other comprehensive gain (loss) before reclassifications— (16,203)
Income tax on other comprehensive income— 3,778 
Reclassifications to earnings: (b)
Interest rate contracts— 1,431 
Foreign exchange contracts(3,787)10,718 
Income tax on reclassifications1,020 (2,666)
Net comprehensive loss on derivative instruments, net of tax(2,767)(2,942)
Balance, end of period(933)(1,652)
Foreign currency translation adjustments:
Balance, beginning of year11,145 (13,879)
Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax of $0 and $0(10,558)9,989 
Balance, end of period587 (3,890)
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), end of period$(134,118)$(120,133)
(a)The AOCI components for defined benefit pension and post-retirement plans are included in the computation of net periodic benefit cost. See Note 15— Employee Benefit Plans for additional information.
(b)Reclassifications of interest rate contracts are recorded in interest expense. Reclassifications of foreign currency exchange contracts are recorded in cost of sales, other operating income or non-operating income as appropriate. See Note 9 —Derivative Instruments for additional information.
15

Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - (Unaudited) (Continued)
12.    Stockholders' Equity
An analysis of stockholders’ equity is shown below (share amounts not in thousands):
Common StockAdditional Paid in CapitalRetained
Earnings
Accumulated Other Comprehensive LossTotal Stockholders’
 Equity
SharesPar Value
For the nine months ended September 25, 2021
Balance, January 1, 202163,359,839 $633 $405,161 $422,928 $(133,635)$695,087 
Net income (loss)— — — 90,443 — 90,443 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax— — — — (483)(483)
Issuance of common stock under incentive stock plans509,713 (5)— — — 
Stock-based compensation— — 1,619 — — 1,619 
Repurchase of common shares (a)(132,196)(1)(1,421)— — (1,422)
Balance September 25, 202163,737,356 $637 $405,354 $513,371 $(134,118)$785,244 
For the three months ended September 25, 2021
Balance, June 26, 202163,737,356 $637 $404,120 $518,129 $(136,045)$786,841 
Net income (loss)— — — (4,758)— (4,758)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax— — — — 1,927 1,927 
Issuance of common stock under incentive stock plans— — — — — — 
Stock-based compensation— — 1,234 — — 1,234 
Repurchase of common shares (a)— — — — — — 
Balance, September 25, 202163,737,356 $637 $405,354 $513,371 $(134,118)$785,244 
For the nine months ended September 26, 2020
Balance, January 1, 202063,136,129 $632 $399,020 $422,373 $(139,227)$682,798 
Net income (loss)— — — (8,130)— (8,130)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax— — — — 19,094 19,094 
Issuance of common stock under incentive stock plans390,448 (4)— — — 
Stock-based compensation— — 6,839 — — 6,839 
Repurchase of common shares (a)(191,659)(3)(454)— — (457)
Balance, September 26, 202063,334,918 $633 $405,401 $414,243 $(120,133)$700,144 
For the three months ended September 26, 2020
Balance, June 27, 202063,347,326 $633 $403,737 $385,383 $(141,027)$648,726 
Net income (loss)— — — 28,860 — 28,860 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax— — — — 20,894 20,894 
Issuance of common stock under incentive stock plans(6,305)— — — — — 
Stock-based compensation— — 1,682 — — 1,682 
Repurchase of common shares (a)(6,103)— (18)— — (18)
Balance, September 26, 202063,334,918 $633 $405,401 $414,243 $(120,133)$700,144 
(a) Repurchased to satisfy the tax withholding requirements related to the issuance of stock under the Rayonier Advanced Materials Incentive Stock Plan.
16

Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - (Unaudited) (Continued)
Common Stock Buyback
On January 29, 2018, the Board of Directors authorized a share buyback program pursuant to which the Company may, from time to time, purchase shares of its common stock with an aggregate purchase price of up to $100 million. During the three and nine months ended September 25, 2021 and September 26, 2020, the Company did not repurchase any common shares under this buyback program. As of September 25, 2021, there was approximately $60 million of share repurchase authorization remaining under the program. The Company does not expect to utilize any further authorization in the near future.

13.    Earnings Per Share of Common Stock
The following table provides details of the calculations of basic and diluted earnings per share:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 25, 2021September 26, 2020September 25, 2021September 26, 2020
Income (loss) from continuing operations$(13,394)$12,621 $(21,308)$(8,871)
Income from discontinued operations8,636 16,239 111,751 741 
Net income (loss) available for common stockholders$(4,758)$28,860 $90,443 $(8,130)
Shares used for determining basic earnings per share of common stock63,737,355 63,310,689 63,610,710 63,178,342 
Dilutive effect of:
Stock options— — — — 
Performance and restricted stock— 605,553 — — 
Shares used for determining diluted earnings per share of common stock63,737,355 63,916,242 63,610,710 63,178,342 
Basic per share amounts
Income (loss) from continuing operations$(0.21)$0.20 $(0.33)$(0.14)
Income from discontinued operations0.14 0.26 1.76 0.01 
Net income (loss)$(0.07)$0.46 $1.43 $(0.13)
Diluted per share amounts
Income (loss) from continuing operations$(0.21)$0.20 $(0.33)$(0.14)
Income from discontinued operations0.14 0.25 1.76 0.01 
Net income (loss)$(0.07)$0.45 $1.43 $(0.13)
Anti-dilutive instruments excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 25, 2021September 26, 2020September 25, 2021September 26, 2020
Stock options115,973 152,281 115,973 152,281 
Performance and restricted stock2,390,153 564,425 2,390,153 2,676,002 
Total anti-dilutive instruments2,506,126 716,706 2,506,126 2,828,283 

14.    Incentive Stock Plans
The Company’s total stock-based compensation expense for the three months ended September 25, 2021 and September 26, 2020 was $1 million and $2 million, respectively. Stock-based compensation expense for the nine months ended September 25, 2021 and September 26, 2020 was $2 million and $7 million, respectively.
17

Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - (Unaudited) (Continued)
The Company made new grants of restricted stock units and performance-based stock units to certain employees during the first nine months of 2021. The 2021 restricted stock unit awards cliff vest after three years. The 2021 performance-based stock unit awards measure total shareholder return (“TSR”) on an absolute basis and relative to peers. Participants can earn between 0 and 200 percent of the target award. Performance below the threshold for the absolute TSR would result in a 0 payout for the TSR metric. There is a performance-based stock award and cash unit stock award that will be measured using the same objectives but paid and accounted for separately. As required by Accounting Standards Codification 718, Compensation-Stock Compensation, the portion of the award to be settled in cash is classified as a liability and remeasured to fair value at the end of each reporting period until settlement.
In March 2021, the performance-based share units granted in 2018 were settled at an average of 60 percent of the performance-based stock units awarded, resulting in the issuance of 182,811 shares of common stock.
The following table summarizes the activity on the Company’s incentive stock awards for the nine months ended September 25, 2021:
Stock OptionsRestricted Stock UnitsPerformance-Based Stock Units
OptionsWeighted Average Exercise PriceAwardsWeighted Average Grant Date Fair ValueAwardsWeighted Average Grant Date Fair Value
Outstanding at January 1, 2021152,281 $38.26 828,955 $10.27 1,821,402 $8.77 
Granted— — 561,025 9.71 267,086 17.61 
Forfeited— — (132,713)10.81 (326,256)22.76 
Exercised or settled— — (326,830)13.50 (302,516)8.81 
Expired or cancelled(36,308)34.52 — — — — 
Outstanding at September 25, 2021115,973 $39.43 930,437 $8.72 1,459,716 $7.48 

15.    Employee Benefit Plans
The Company has defined benefit pension and other long-term and postretirement benefit plans covering certain union and non-union employees, primarily in the U.S., Canada and France. The defined benefit pension plans are closed to new participants. The liabilities for these plans are calculated using actuarial estimates and management assumptions. These estimates are based on historical information, along with certain assumptions about future events.
During 2019, the Company settled certain Canadian pension liabilities through the purchase of annuity contracts with an insurance company. The settlement received final government approval, resulting in the recognition of a $1 million loss during the nine months ended September 25, 2021. The settlement was recognized in “Other components of net periodic benefit costs” in our Consolidated Statement of Income and Comprehensive Income for the nine months ended September 25, 2021.
18

Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - (Unaudited) (Continued)
The components of net periodic benefit costs from these plans that have been recorded are shown in the following table:
PensionPostretirement
Three Months EndedThree Months Ended
Components of Net Periodic Benefit CostSeptember 25, 2021September 26, 2020September 25, 2021September 26, 2020
Service cost$2,619 $2,293 $358 $340 
Interest cost4,287 5,875 179 (2,012)
Expected return on plan assets(9,586)(9,284)— — 
Amortization of prior service cost176 179 (38)(38)
Amortization of losses4,084 3,428 (47)
Pension settlement loss (gain)90 — — — 
Total net periodic benefit cost$1,670 $2,491 $504 $(1,757)
PensionPostretirement
Nine Months EndedNine Months Ended
Components of Net Periodic Benefit CostSeptember 25, 2021September 26, 2020September 25, 2021September 26, 2020
Service cost$7,800 $6,774 $1,083 $1,013 
Interest cost13,138 17,621 530 (1,583)
Expected return on plan assets(28,865)(27,896)— — 
Amortization of prior service cost527 537 (115)(115)
Amortization of losses12,247 10,282 11 (138)
Pension settlement loss (gain)980 — — — 
Total net periodic benefit cost$5,828 $7,318 $1,510 $(823)
Service cost is included in cost of sales and selling, general and administrative expenses in the statements of income, as appropriate. Interest cost, expected return on plan assets, amortization of prior service cost and amortization of losses are included in other components of pension and OPEB, excluding service cost on the consolidated statement of income.

16.    Income Taxes
The Company’s effective tax benefit rate from continuing operations for the three and nine months ended September 25, 2021 was 24 percent and 59 percent, respectively, compared with a benefit rate of 181 percent and 84 percent for the three and nine months ended September 26, 2020, respectively.
The year to date September 25, 2021 effective rate differs from the federal statutory rate of 21 percent primarily due to a tax benefit recognized by remeasuring the Company’s Canadian deferred tax assets at a higher Canadian blended statutory tax rate. The statutory tax rate is higher as a result of changing the allocation of income between the Canadian provinces as a result of the sale of FPG and Newsprint. Other factors impacting the effective benefit rate are return to accrual adjustments and tax credits, partially offset by nondeductible interest expense in the U.S. and lower tax deductions on vested stock compensation.

The effective tax rate benefit for the period ended September 26, 2020 differs from the federal statutory rate primarily due to the release of certain valuation allowances related to nondeductible interest expense, benefits from the CARES Act, return to accrual adjustments and tax credits, partially offset by nondeductible interest expense in the U.S., taxable income generated from the 2020 credit agreement amendment, increases to uncertain tax position reserves, nondeductible executive compensation, and lower tax deductions on vested stock compensation.

There has been no material change to the balance of unrecognized tax benefits reported at December 31, 2020.

19

Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - (Unaudited) (Continued)
17.    Segment and Geographical Information
As a result of the announced sale of the Company’s lumber and newsprint assets, the Company operates in the following business segments: High Purity Cellulose, Paperboard, High-Yield Pulp and Corporate. The Corporate operations consist primarily of senior management, accounting, information systems, human resources, treasury, tax and legal administrative functions that provide support services to the operating business units. The Company allocates a portion of the cost of maintaining these support functions to its operating units.
The Company evaluates the performance of its segments based on operating income. Intersegment sales consist primarily of High-Yield Pulp sales to Paperboard. Intersegment sales prices are at rates that approximate market for the respective operating area.
Net sales, disaggregated by product-line, was comprised of the following:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
 September 25, 2021September 26, 2020September 25, 2021September 26, 2020
High Purity Cellulose
Cellulose Specialties$186,029 $168,549 $521,442 $489,859 
Commodity Products74,577 64,916 195,894 206,867 
Other sales (a)26,902 19,243 74,532 60,614 
Total High Purity Cellulose287,508 252,708 791,868 757,341 
Paperboard
Paperboard52,188 46,862 156,799 140,492 
High-Yield Pulp
High-Yield Pulp41,877 29,622 106,207 91,444 
Eliminations(7,559)(5,709)(21,163)(17,148)
Total net sales$374,014 $323,483 $1,033,712 $972,128 
(a) Other sales include sales of electricity, lignin and other by-products to third-parties
Operating income (loss) by segment was comprised of the following:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 25, 2021September 26, 2020September 25, 2021September 26, 2020
High Purity Cellulose$1,852 $7,752 $18,903 $9,615 
Paperboard1,978 3,380 10,174 14,315 
High-Yield Pulp7,612 973 8,150 497 
Corporate(8,616)(13,215)(33,498)(37,864)
Total operating income (loss)$2,826 $(1,110)$3,729 $(13,437)
Identifiable assets by segment were as follows:
September 25, 2021December 31, 2020
High Purity Cellulose$1,534,149 $1,528,929 
Paperboard116,721 129,871 
High-Yield Pulp43,708 33,259 
Corporate and other (a)779,959 624,541 
Assets Held for Sale— 213,265 
Total identifiable assets$2,474,537 $2,529,865 
20

Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - (Unaudited) (Continued)
(a) Includes the remaining assets of the lumber and newsprint operations excluded from the sale to GreenFirst.

18.    Commitments and Contingencies
Commitments
The Company has no material changes to the purchase obligations presented in Note 22 — Commitments and Contingencies in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, as filed with the SEC on March 1, 2021, that are outside the normal course of business for the nine months ended September 25, 2021. The Company’s purchase obligations continue to primarily consist of commitments for the purchase of natural gas, steam energy and electricity contracts entered into within the normal course of business.
The Company leases certain buildings, machinery and equipment under various operating leases. See Note 5 — Leases, for additional information.
Litigation and Contingencies
Final Settlement Reached in Dispute with IESO Relating to Investigation of the Kapuskasing Newsprint Facility. From the period from 2014 to early 2021, the Market Assessment and Compliance Division (“MACD”) branch of the Independent Electricity System Operator (“IESO”), the governmental agency responsible for operating the wholesale electricity market and directing the operation of the bulk electrical system in the province of Ontario, Canada, had been engaged in reviewing the Company's compliance with the published rules that govern the operation of the wholesale electricity market in Ontario, Canada. The inquiry was focused primarily on payments made by IESO to the Company between 2010 and 2019 under market rules in connection with multiple planned, extended and unplanned forced outages that caused extensive downtime, in full or in part, of the Company’s Kapuskasing, Ontario newsprint facility.

In May 2020, MACD finalized two of its four investigations into the Company’s electricity management practices at its Kapuskasing newsprint facility and issued orders asserting penalties of CAD $25 million. These orders called for the Company to pay penalties of CAD $3 million immediately and CAD $12 million over a 10 year period, with the remaining CAD $10 million to be deferred and ultimately forgiven assuming the Company otherwise complied with the orders’ remaining terms. The Company, which maintained it had complied in all material respects with the published rules, vigorously contested IESO’s orders, including through the filing of judicial review proceedings with the divisional Court (Superior Court of Justice) of Ontario seeking invalidation of the orders. At the time these orders were issued, the remaining two investigations remained open, subjecting the Company to the risk that MACD may in the future issue additional orders upon finalization of these additional investigations.

On April 19, 2021, the Company and IESO entered into Minutes of Settlement (“MOS”) pursuant to which the parties agreed to fully and finally settle all claims relating to all four of the investigations (whether completed or not) and related orders, the judicial review proceedings and underlying disputes. As part of the settlement, the Company agreed to a fixed obligation to pay a sum of CAD $12 million over a period of 5 years comprised of a CAD $4.5 million up-front payment and a CAD $7.5 million payment to be spread (on a front-weighted basis) over the next 5 anniversaries of the MOS, without interest. In addition to the foregoing, the MOS provides that a “suspended” sum of CAD $10.4 million would become due and payable in the event the Company fails to comply with any of the terms and conditions of the MOS or commits an event of default, as defined under the applicable market rules, unless such breach or event of default is remedied on a timely basis. This contingent “suspended” sum decreases annually as the scheduled fixed, or non-contingent, payments are made under the MOS. Assuming no uncured event of default or breach occurs during the repayment period, upon full payment of the CAD $12 million, the entire "suspended" sum shall be extinguished and RYAM shall be released from any payment obligation with respect thereto.

Given the parties’ finalization of and entry into the MOS, the Company considers this matter concluded (subject only to the parties’ obligations yet to be performed under the MOS).

Duties on Canadian softwood lumber sold to the U.S. The Company operated 6 softwood lumber mills in Ontario and Quebec, Canada and exported softwood lumber into the United States from Canada. In 2017, anti-dumping and countervailing duties were assessed by the United States Department of Commerce (“USDOC”) on lumber exported into the United States, with the Company being assigned an anti-dumping duty rate of 6 percent and a countervailing duty rate of 14 percent. In December 2020, following its administrative review of the period of April 28, 2017 through December 31, 2018, USDOC determined revised rates for anti-dumping and countervailing duties. As such, from December 2020 through the closing of the sale of the lumber assets on August 28, 2021, the Company was subject to an anti-dumping duty rate of approximately 1.6
21

Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - (Unaudited) (Continued)
percent and a countervailing duty rate of approximately 7.4 percent. Canada’s legal challenge to the USDOC’s assessment of duties continues in spite of the recent revision in rates.

The Company paid approximately $112 million in lumber duties through August 28, 2021, recorded as expense in the periods incurred. The Company currently has a $20 million long-term receivable associated with the December 2020 determination of the revised rates for the 2017 and 2018 periods. Cash is not expected to return to the Company until final resolution of the softwood lumber dispute, which remains subject to legal challenges and to USDOC further administrative review processes covering periods after December 31, 2018. As part of the sale of its lumber assets, the Company retains all rights and obligations to softwood lumber duties, generated or incurred through the closing date of the transaction.
Other. In addition to the above, the Company is engaged in various legal and regulatory actions and proceedings, and has been named as a defendant in various lawsuits and claims arising in the ordinary course of its business. While the Company has procured reasonable and customary insurance covering risks normally occurring in connection with its businesses, the Company has in certain cases retained some risk through the operation of self-insurance, primarily in the areas of workers’ compensation, property insurance and general liability. These other lawsuits and claims, either individually or in aggregate, are not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
Guarantees and Other
The Company provides financial guarantees as required by creditors, insurance programs and various governmental agencies. As of September 25, 2021, the Company had net exposure of $40 million from various standby letters of credit, primarily for financial assurance relating to environmental remediation, credit support for natural gas and electricity purchases, and guarantees related to foreign retirement plan obligations. These standby letters of credit represent a contingent liability. The Company would only be liable upon its default on the related payment obligations. The letters of credit have various expiration dates and will be renewed as required.
The Company had surety bonds of $86 million as of September 25, 2021, primarily to comply with financial assurance requirements relating to environmental remediation and post closure care, to provide collateral for the Company’s workers’ compensation program, and to guarantee taxes and duties for products shipped internationally. These surety bonds expire at various dates and are expected to be renewed annually as required.
LignoTech Florida (“LTF”) is a venture in which the Company owns 45 percent and its partner Borregaard ASA owns 55 percent. The Company is a guarantor of LTF’s financing agreements and, in the event of default, expects it would only be liable for its proportional share of any repayment under the agreements. The Company’s proportion of the LTF financing agreement guarantee was $32 million at September 25, 2021.
The Company has not recorded any liabilities for these financial guarantees in its consolidated balance sheets, either because the Company has recorded the underlying liability associated with the guarantee or the guarantee is dependent on the Company’s own performance and, therefore, is not subject to the measurement requirements or because the Company has calculated the estimated fair value of the guarantee and determined it to be immaterial based upon the current facts and circumstances that would trigger a payment obligation.
It is not possible to determine the maximum potential amount of the liability under these potential obligations due to the unique set of facts and circumstances likely to be involved with each provision.
As of September 25, 2021, all of the Company’s collective bargaining agreements covering its unionized employees are current.

19.    Supplemental Disclosures of Cash Flow Information
Supplemental disclosures of cash flows information were comprised of the following for the nine months ended:
September 25, 2021September 26, 2020
Interest paid$34,852 $29,350 
Income taxes paid (received)$(27,268)$1,086 
  Capital assets purchased on account$9,609 $11,442 
22


Item 2.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
When we refer to “we,” “us,” “our” or “the Company,” we mean Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries. References herein to “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” refer to the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements of Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc. included in Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (the “Report.”)
This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) is intended to provide a reader of our consolidated financial statements with a narrative from the perspective of management on our financial condition, results of operations, liquidity and certain other factors which may affect future results. This MD&A should be read in conjunction with our 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K and information contained in our subsequent Forms 8-K and other reports to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”).
As a result of the sale of the lumber and newsprint assets completed on August 28, 2021, these operations are presented as discontinued operations and certain prior year amounts are reclassified to conform to this presentation. Unless otherwise stated, information in this MD&A relates to continuing operations. We present businesses that represent components as discontinued operations when they meet the criteria for held for sale or are sold, and their disposal represents a strategic shift that has, or will have, a major effect on our operations and financial results. See Note 2 —Discontinued Operations for additional information on the sale.
As a result of reclassifying the lumber and newsprint operations to discontinued operations as discussed above, we operate in the following business segments: High Purity Cellulose, Paperboard, High-Yield Pulp and Corporate.
Note About Forward-Looking Statements
Certain statements in this Report regarding anticipated financial, business, legal or other outcomes including business and market conditions, outlook and other similar statements relating to Rayonier Advanced Materials’ (“the Company” ) future events, developments, or financial or operational performance or results, are “forward-looking statements” made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and other federal securities laws. These forward-looking statements are identified by the use of words such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “expect,” “estimate,” “believe,” “intend,” “forecast,” “anticipate” “guidance” and other similar language. However, the absence of these or similar words or expressions does not mean a statement is not forward-looking. While we believe these forward-looking statements are reasonable when made, forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance or events and undue reliance should not be placed on these statements. Although we believe the expectations reflected in any forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, we can give no assurance these expectations will be attained, and it is possible actual results may differ materially from those indicated by these forward-looking statements due to a variety of risks and uncertainties. The following risk factors and those contained in Item 1A — Risk Factors in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 as filed with the SEC, among others, could cause actual results or events to differ materially from the Company’s historical experience and those expressed in forward-looking statements made in this document.
Amounts contained in this Report may not always add due to rounding.
Our operations are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties including, but not limited to, those listed below. When considering an investment in our securities, you should carefully read and consider these risks, together with all other information in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 as filed with the SEC and our other filings and submissions to the SEC, which provide much more information and detail on the risks described below. If any of the events described in the following risk factors actually occur, our business, financial condition or operating results, as well as the market price of our securities, could be materially adversely affected. These risks and events include, without limitation:
23

Epidemics and Pandemic Risks
We are subject to risks associated with epidemics and pandemics, including the COVID-19 pandemic and related impacts. The nature and extent of ongoing and future impacts of the pandemic are highly uncertain and unpredictable.

Macroeconomic and Industry Risks
The businesses we operate are highly competitive and many of them are cyclical, which may result in fluctuations in pricing and volume that can adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Changes in raw material and energy availability and prices could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.
We are subject to risks associated with doing business outside of the United States.
Currency fluctuations may have a negative impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Restrictions on trade through tariffs, countervailing and anti-dumping duties, quotas and other trade barriers, in the United States and internationally, could materially adversely affect our ability to access certain markets.
Business and Operating Risks
After giving effect to the sale of the lumber and newsprint assets, our ten largest customers represented approximately 37 percent of our 2020 revenue, and the loss of all or a substantial portion of our revenue from these large customers could have a material adverse effect on our business.
A material disruption at one of our major manufacturing facilities could prevent us from meeting customer demand, reduce our sales and profitability, increase our cost of production and capital needs, or otherwise materially adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
The availability of, and prices for, wood fiber may have a material adverse impact on our business, results of operations and financial condition.
Our operations require substantial capital.
We depend on third parties for transportation services and increases in costs and the availability of transportation could materially adversely affect our business.
Our failure to maintain satisfactory labor relations could have a material adverse effect on our business.
We are dependent upon attracting and retaining key personnel, the loss of whom could materially adversely affect our business.
Failure to develop new products or discover new applications for our existing products, or our inability to protect the intellectual property underlying such new products or applications, could have a material negative impact on our business.
The risk of loss of the Company’s intellectual property and sensitive data, or disruption of its manufacturing operations, in each case due to cyberattacks or cybersecurity breaches, could materially adversely impact the Company.
Regulatory Risks
Our business is subject to extensive environmental laws, regulations and permits that may materially restrict or adversely affect how we conduct business and our financial results.
The potential longer-term impacts of climate related risks remain uncertain at this time.
The Company considers and evaluates climate-related risks in three general categories; Regulatory, Transition to a low-carbon economy, and Physical risks related to climate-change.
Financial Risks
We may need to make significant additional cash contributions to our retirement benefit plans if investment returns on pension assets are lower than expected or interest rates decline, and/or due to changes to regulatory, accounting and actuarial requirements.
We have debt obligations that could materially adversely affect our business and our ability to meet our obligations.
The phase-out of the London Inter Bank Office Rate (“LIBOR”) as an interest rate benchmark in 2023 may impact our borrowing costs.
Challenges in the commercial and credit environments may materially adversely affect our future access to capital.
We may need additional financing in the future to meet our capital needs or to make acquisitions, and such financing may not be available on favorable terms, if at all, and may be dilutive to existing stockholders.
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Company’s Common Stock and Certain Corporate Matters Risks
Your percentage of ownership in the Company may be diluted in the future.
Certain provisions in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and bylaws, and of Delaware law, could prevent or delay an acquisition of the Company, which could decrease the price of our common stock.
Merger and Acquisition Risk
Approximately fifteen percent (15%) of the purchase price for the GreenFirst transaction was payable in the common shares of the capital of GreenFirst (to be held by the Company for a minimum of six (6) months following the transaction closing) and the Company’s ability to ultimately realize the benefit of this consideration is subject to market conditions and GreenFirst’s future performance.
Forward-looking statements are only as of the date they are made, and the Company undertakes no duty to update its forward-looking statements except as required by law. You are advised, however, to review any further disclosures we have made or may make in our filings and other submissions to the SEC, including those on Forms 10-Q, 10-K, 8-K and other reports. Details on each of the above risk factors are more specifically described in Item 1A - Risk Factor sin our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 as filed with the SEC.
Note About Non-GAAP Financial Measures
A “non-GAAP financial measure” is generally defined as a numerical measure of a company’s historical or future performance that excludes or includes amounts, or is subject to adjustments, so as to be different from the most directly comparable measure calculated and presented in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”). This Report contains certain non-GAAP financial measures, including Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization (“EBITDA”), adjusted EBITDA, and adjusted free cash flows. These non-GAAP measures are reconciled to each of their respective most directly comparable GAAP financial measures in Item 2 — Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
We believe these non-GAAP measures provide useful information to our Board of Directors, management and investors regarding certain trends relating to our financial condition and results of operations. Our management uses these non-GAAP measures to compare our performance to that of prior periods for trend analyses, purposes of determining management incentive compensation and budgeting, forecasting and planning purposes.
We do not consider non-GAAP measures an alternative to financial measures determined in accordance with GAAP. The principal limitation of these non-GAAP financial measures is they may exclude significant expense and income items that are required by GAAP to be recognized in our consolidated financial statements. In addition, they reflect the exercise of management’s judgment about which expense and income items are excluded or included in determining these non-GAAP financial measures. In order to compensate for these limitations, reconciliations of the non-GAAP financial measures we use to their most directly comparable GAAP measures are provided. Non-GAAP financial measures should not be relied upon, in whole or part, in evaluating the financial condition, results of operations or future prospects of the Company.
Business
We are a global leader of cellulose-based technologies, which comprise a broad offering of high purity cellulose specialties, a natural polymer commonly used in the production of specialty chemicals and polymers for use in producing LCD displays, filters, fibers, performance additives for pharmaceutical, food and other industrial applications. Starting from a tree and building upon more than 90 years of experience in cellulose chemistry, we provide high quality high-purity cellulose pulp products that make up the essential building blocks for our customers’ products while providing exceptional service and value. In addition, we produce paperboard and high-yield pulp for use in consumer products. In connection with the closing of the sale of the lumber and newsprint assets on August 28, 2021, we ceased the manufacturing of lumber and newsprint products.
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Recent developments
Debt repayments
During the third quarter we repurchased approximately $127 million of our 5.50% Senior Notes due 2024 (the “Unsecured Notes”) through open-market transactions and retired such Unsecured Notes for approximately $124 million in cash. In connection with the repurchases, we wrote off $1 million of deferred financing costs associated with the Unsecured Notes. The net gain of $2 million is recorded in Gain on debt extinguishment in the Consolidated Statement of Income.
On October 7, 2021, pursuant to a notice previously provided to the trustee under the indenture governing our 7.625% Senior Secured Notes due 2026 (the “Secured Notes”), we redeemed $25 million of the Secured Notes at a redemption price of 103 percent.
Sale of lumber and newsprint assets
On August 28, 2021, we completed the previously announced sale of our lumber and newsprint assets located in Ontario and Québec Canada, to GreenFirst. See Note 2 —Discontinued Operations for additional information.

Final Settlement Reached in Dispute with IESO Relating to Investigation of the Kapuskasing Newsprint Facility

We had previously been engaged in litigation with the Market Assessment and Compliance Division (“MACD”) branch of the Independent Electricity System Operator (“IESO”) regarding their investigations into the Company's compliance with the published rules that govern the operation of the wholesale electricity market in Ontario, Canada. On April 19, 2021, we and the IESO entered into Minutes of Settlement (“MOS”) pursuant to which the parties agreed to fully and finally settle all claims relating to their investigations. We consider this matter concluded (subject only to the parties’ obligations yet to be performed under the MOS). See Note 18 —Commitments and Contingencies for additional information.
Coronavirus-Update
Our businesses were significantly impacted by the coronavirus ("COVID-19") pandemic in 2020. While market demand and pricing for certain of our products began to recover towards the end of 2020 and have continued to improve throughout 2021, our operations remain vulnerable to a reversal of these trends or other continuing negative effects caused by COVID-19.
In our operating facilities and work spaces, we continue to maintain protocols previously implemented to reduce the potential spread of COVID-19 and ensure the safety of our employees and continuity of operations.
Market Assessment
The market assessment represents our best current estimate of each business in this environment.
High Purity Cellulose
Pricing levels for our commodity products increased during the third quarter; however, prices are expected to moderate for the fourth quarter. Prices for cellulose specialties remain in line with expectations for the full year but are expected to increase for 2022. Demand for cellulose specialties volumes remains strong. Total segment volumes are expected to decline for the full year mainly due to logistics constraints, the kiln disruption in the third quarter at the Jesup, GA facility that negatively impacted production and the extended planned maintenance outages in 2021 and early 2022. Volumes for both cellulose specialties and commodity products are expected to remain strong in the fourth quarter and into 2022. However, logistic and shipping constraints may negatively impact sales volumes in the near term.
Key costs remain difficult to predict. Prices for energy, wood and chemicals as well as logistics costs, have increased significantly for the year and are expected to escalate further in the fourth quarter and into 2022.
With current market conditions, including strong demand in most cellulose specialties end markets, and elevated pricing for commodity viscose and fluff products along with cotton and petroleum-based substitute products, we announced significant price increases for our cellulose specialties products, which positions us well to help offset inflationary pressures in 2022. We also remain committed to investing in our core business to reduce costs, improve reliability and provide new platforms for growth.
Paperboard
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Paperboard prices continued to increase in the third quarter as expected, due to strong demand in both commercial printing and packaging segments, helping offset increases in raw material costs. Prices for our unique Kallima® brand paperboard are expected to increase further as demand for our products continues to strengthen, while industry supply remains constrained due to competitor production disruptions. Raw material costs are expected to decline as pulp prices moderate.
High-Yield Pulp
High-yield pulp markets experienced additional price increases during the third quarter due to the typical sales lag in the business. However, pulp market prices have recently declined and lower realized prices are expected for the remainder of the year. Logistics constraints and higher costs also may negatively impact operating results in the coming quarter.

Investing in the Future
With the completion of the sale of the lumber and newsprint assets, we are focused on our four high purity cellulose plants and capitalizing on the global demand for more sustainable products with our leading cellulose specialties offerings. These specialized biorefinery assets are capable of creating the world’s leading plant-based high purity cellulose and ideally suited for generating green fuels, bioelectricity and other biomaterials such as lignin and tall oils. We will invest to improve reliability in 2022. Additionally, we are evaluating specific strategic capital projects similar to several recently completed high return projects to enhance the value of our assets. These strategic investments include expenditures in green energy in Tartas, France and in TemSilk™ pulp, a critical input in the production of Lyocell, a more sustainable textile, and in Anomera, Inc., a company that manufactures carboxylated cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), a patented, biodegradable product for use in cosmetics and a wide variety of industrial applications. The Tartas green energy project is fully operational and we anticipate realizing $10 million in annualized benefits from this investment. We will also leverage our world-class R&D facilities to work with new and existing customers to develop natural-based solutions. The investments in reliability, strategic growth and innovation are expected to drive significant incremental margins in the coming years.

Critical Accounting Policies and Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements requires us to make estimates, assumptions and judgments that affect our assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. We base these estimates and assumptions on historical data and trends, current fact patterns, expectations and other sources of information we believe are reasonable. Actual results may differ from these estimates.
For a full description of our critical accounting policies, see Item 7 — Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in our 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K. For recent accounting pronouncements see Item 1 of Part I, Financial Statements — Note 1 —Basis of Presentation and New Accounting Pronouncements for additional information.
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Results of Operations
Financial InformationThree Months Ended%Nine Months Ended%
(in millions, except percentages)September 25, 2021September 26, 2020ChangeSeptember 25, 2021September 26, 2020Change
Net Sales$374 $323 16%$1,034 $972 6%
Cost of Sales(355)(302)(972)(920)
Gross Margin19 21 (10)%62 52 19%
Selling, general and administrative expenses(17)(18)(52)(57)
Foreign exchange gains (losses)(1)— 
Other operating income (expense), net(2)(3)(7)(9)
Operating Income (Loss)(1)NA(13)131%
Interest expense(17)(14)(49)(41)
Interest income and other, net(3)— (3)
Net periodic pension and OPEB income (expense), excluding service costs
Unrealized loss on GreenFirst equity securities(8)— (8)— 
Gain on debt extinguishment— — 
Income (Loss) From Continuing Operations Before Income Taxes(17)(16)(6)%(49)(56)13%
Income tax benefit (expense)29 29 47 
Equity in income (loss) of equity method investment— $— (1)— 
Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations$(13)$13 (200)%$(21)$(9)(133)%
Income from discontinued operations, net of taxes16 112 
Net Income (Loss)$(5)$29 $90 $(8)
Gross Margin %%%%%
Operating Margin %%— %— %(1)%
Effective Tax Rate %24 %181 %59 %84 %
Net sales by segment were as follows:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
Net sales (in millions)September 25, 2021September 26, 2020September 25, 2021September 26, 2020
High Purity Cellulose$288 $253 $792 $757 
Paperboard52 47 157 140 
High-Yield Pulp42 30 106 91 
Eliminations(8)(7)(21)(16)
Total net sales$374 $323 $1,034 $972 
Net sales increased by $51 million and $62 million during the three and nine months ended September 25, 2021 when compared to the same prior periods ended September 26, 2020, respectively, primarily driven by higher High Purity
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Cellulose commodity sales prices along with stronger Cellulose Specialties sales volumes. In addition, sales prices increased for both Paperboard and High-Yield Pulp. For further discussion, see Operating Results by Segment.
Operating income (loss) by segment was as follows:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
Operating income (loss) (in millions)September 25, 2021September 26, 2020September 25, 2021September 26, 2020
High Purity Cellulose$$$19 $10 
Paperboard10 14 
High-Yield Pulp— 
Corporate(9)(13)(33)(37)
Total operating income (loss)$$(1)$$(13)
The operating results for the three and nine month periods ended September 25, 2021 improved by $4 million and $17 million, respectively, when compared to the same prior year periods ended September 26, 2020. The three months ended September 25, 2021 reflect higher High Purity Cellulose commodity, Paperboard and High-Yield Pulp sales prices and higher High Purity Cellulose specialty volumes partially offset by higher input costs, shipping constraints and equipment reliability issues resulting in lower production. The improvement during the nine months ended September 25, 2021 was primarily driven by higher High Purity Cellulose commodity prices and cellulose specialties sales volumes as well as higher High-Yield Pulp and Paperboard sales prices partly offset by higher input costs, shipping constraints and equipment reliability issues resulting in lower production.
Non-operating Expenses
Interest expense increased $3 million and $8 million to $17 million and $49 million during the three and nine months ended September 25, 2021, respectively, when compared to the same prior year periods. The increases were principally driven by the higher interest rate and additional amortization of debt issuance costs related to the December 2020 refinancing of certain debt instruments. See Note 7 — Debt and Finance Leases for further information.
Included in non-operating expenses during the three and nine months ended September 25, 2021 is a $8 million unrealized loss associated with the fair value of shares of GreenFirst received in connection with the sale of lumber and newsprint assets. See Note 10 — Fair Value Measurements for additional information.
Additionally, we recorded a $2 million net gain on debt extinguishment associated with open-market purchases of the Unsecured Notes. See Note 7 — Debt and Finance Leases for further information.
Income Tax Benefit (Expense)
The effective tax rate for the third quarter 2021 was a benefit of 24 percent compared to a benefit of 181 percent in the same quarter of 2020. The effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 25, 2021 was a benefit of 59 percent compared to a benefit of 84 percent for the comparable prior year period. The 2021 effective tax rate differs from the statutory rate of 21 percent primarily due to a tax benefit recognized by remeasuring the Company’s Canadian deferred tax assets at a higher blended statutory tax rate in Canada. The statutory tax rate is higher as a result of changing the allocation of income between the Canadian provinces due to the sale of lumber and newsprint assets. The 2020 effective tax rate benefit differs from the federal statutory rate of 21 percent primarily due to the release of certain valuation allowances related to nondeductible interest expense, benefits from the CARES Act, tax return to accrual adjustments, and tax credits, partially offset by nondeductible interest expense in the U.S., taxable income generated from the 2020 credit agreement amendment, increases to uncertain tax position reserves, nondeductible executive compensation, and lower tax deductions on vested stock compensation. See Note 16 — Income Taxes for additional information.
Discontinued Operations
Income from discontinued operations, net of taxes, for the three months ended September 25, 2021 was $9 million compared to $16 million for the comparable prior period ended September 26, 2020. The decline was driven primarily by lower lumber sales volumes due to only two months of activity in the current quarter, lower lumber prices and higher income tax expense.
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Income from discontinued operations, net of taxes, during the nine months ended September 25, 2021 was $112 million compared to $1 million for the same prior year period ended September 26, 2020. The improvement was driven by an increase in prices for lumber offset by the impact of Global Intangible Low Taxed Income (“GILTI”) on foreign earnings. The application of GILTI effectively results in double book taxation of the majority of the Company’s high Canadian earnings.
We expect minimal cash taxes to be paid in 2021 and 2022 as a result of 2021 earnings associated with discontinued operations.
Operating Results by Segment
High Purity Cellulose
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
(in millions)September 25, 2021September 26, 2020September 25, 2021September 26, 2020
Net Sales$288 $253 $792 $757 
Operating income$$$19 $10 
Average Sales Prices ($ per metric ton):
High Purity Cellulose$1,159 $1,020 $1,111 $983 
Sales Volumes (thousands of metric tons):
High Purity Cellulose225 229 646 709 
Changes in High Purity Cellulose net sales are as follows:
Three Months EndedChanges Attributable to:
Net Sales (in millions)
September 26, 2020PriceVolume/Mix/OtherSeptember 25, 2021
Total Net Sales (a)$253 $15 $20 $288 
(a) includes other sales consisting of electricity, lignin and other by-products to third-parties.
Total sales for the three months ended September 25, 2021 improved $35 million when compared to the same prior year quarter. Cellulose specialties sales volumes increased 16 percent driven by improved demand, while sales prices declined by 5 percent during the three months ended September 25, 2021 when compared to the same prior year period. Commodity product sales prices rose 50 percent while commodity product sales volumes decreased 23 percent due to a more favorable mix of cellulose specialties, logistics constraints and the impact of a kiln reliability disruption at the Jesup, GA facility that negatively impacted production by 10,000 metric tons.
Nine Months EndedChanges Attributable to:
Net Sales (in millions)
September 26, 2020PriceVolume/Mix/OtherSeptember 25, 2021
Total Net Sales (a)$757 $35 $$792 
(a) includes other sales consisting of electricity, lignin and other by-products to third-parties.
Total net sales for the nine months ended September 25, 2021 were $792 million, an improvement of $35 million when compared to the same prior year period. Cellulose specialties sales volumes improved by 9 percent due to increased demand, while sales prices declined slightly by 3 percent during the year to date ended September 25, 2021 when compared to the same prior year period. Commodity product sales prices increased 34 percent during the first nine months of 2021 when compared to the same prior year period, however sales volumes decreased 29 percent due to a more favorable mix of cellulose specialties, logistics constraints and the extended planned maintenance outage at the Jesup, Georgia facility. Additionally, sales were impacted by a kiln reliability disruption at the Jesup, GA facility that negatively impacted production by 10,000 metric tons.
Changes in High Purity Cellulose operating income are as follows
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Three Months EndedGross Margin Changes Attributable to (a):

(in millions)
September 26, 2020Sales PriceSales Volume/Mix/OtherCostSG&A and otherSeptember 25, 2021
Operating income$$15 $17 $(39)$$
Operating margin %3.2 %5.4 %5.3 %(13.5)%0.3 %0.7 %
(a) Sales Volume computed based on contribution margin.
Operating results declined by $6 million during the three months ended September 25, 2021 to operating income of $2 million when compared to the same prior year quarter. Sales prices for the segment increased 14 percent during the current quarter driven by higher commodity prices. Compared to the prior year, sales volumes declined 2 percent during the current quarter driven by lower commodity volumes, shipping constraints and an equipment reliability issue, partially offset by higher cellulose specialties sales volumes. Additionally, costs increased during the third quarter of 2021 primarily due to the impact of inflation on key material inputs and higher maintenance expenses.
Nine Months EndedGross Margin Changes Attributable to (a):

(in millions)
September 26, 2020Sales PriceSales Volume/Mix/OtherCostSG&A and otherSeptember 25, 2021
Operating income$10 $35 $15 $(44) $$19 
Operating margin %1.3 %4.4 %1.9 %(5.6)%0.4 %2.4 %
(a) Sales Volume computed based on contribution margin.
Operating results improved by $9 million during the nine months ended September 25, 2021 to operating income of $19 million when compared to the same prior year period. Sales prices for the segment increased 13 percent during the year to date period compared to the same prior year period driven by higher commodity prices. Compared to the prior year, sales volumes for the segment were impacted by shipping constraints and planned maintenance outages. Total sales volumes for the segment declined 9 percent during the current nine-month period when compared to the same prior year period driven by lower commodity volumes, partially offset by higher cellulose specialties sales volumes. Additionally, costs increased during the year to date period ended September 25, 2021 primarily due to due to the impact of inflation on key material inputs and higher maintenance and logistic expenses.
Paperboard
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
(in millions)September 25, 2021September 26, 2020September 25, 2021September 26, 2020
Net Sales$52 $47 $157 $140 
Operating income$$$10 $14 
Average Sales Prices ($ per metric tons):
Paperboard$1,184 $1,048 $1,149 $1,082 
Sales Volumes (in thousands of metric tons):
Paperboard44 45 137 130 
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Changes in Paperboard net sales are as follows:
Three Months EndedSeptember 26, 2020Changes Attributable to:September 25, 2021
Net Sales
(in millions)
PriceVolume/Mix
Paperboard$47 $$(1)$52 
Sales for the three months ended September 25, 2021 increased $5 million compared to the three months ended September 26, 2020. During the third quarter ended September 25, 2021, sales volumes decreased 2 percent while sales prices were up 13 percent when compared to the same prior year period.
Nine Months EndedSeptember 26, 2020Changes Attributable to:September 25, 2021
Net Sales
(in millions)
PriceVolume/Mix
Paperboard$140 $$$157 
Sales for the nine months ended September 25, 2021 increased $17 million as sales volumes and prices improved by 5 percent and 6 percent, respectively, when compared to the same prior year period. The increased volumes and prices were driven by improved market demand.
Changes in Paperboard operating income are as follows:
Three Months EndedGross Margin Changes Attributable to (a):

(in millions)
September 26, 2020Sales PriceSales Volume/MixCostSG&A and otherSeptember 25, 2021
Operating income$$$— $(7)$— $
Operating margin %6.4 %10.6 %0.3 %(13.5)%— %3.8 %
(a) Computed based on contribution margin.
Operating income for the three months ended September 25, 2021 declined $1 million when compared to the same prior year period primarily due to higher raw material input costs partially offset by improvements in sales prices.
Nine Months EndedGross Margin Changes Attributable to (a):

(in millions)
September 26, 2020Sales PriceSales Volume/MixCostSG&A and otherSeptember 25, 2021
Operating income$14 $$$(16)$— $10 
Operating margin %10.0 %5.4 %1.1 %(10.2)%— %6.4 %
(a) Computed based on contribution margin.

Operating results declined by $4 million during the nine months ended September 25, 2021 to operating income of $10 million. The decrease was primarily due to higher raw material input costs and higher operational costs partially offset by improvements in sales prices and volumes driven by increased demand.
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High-Yield Pulp
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
(in millions)September 25, 2021September 26, 2020September 25, 2021September 26, 2020
Net Sales$42 $30 $106 $91 
Operating income (loss)$$$$— 
Average Sales Prices ($ per metric ton):
High-Yield Pulp (a)$618 $486 $549 $481 
Sales Volumes (in metric tons):
High-Yield Pulp (a)55 49 154 154 
(a) Average sales prices and volumes for external sales only. For the three month period ended September 25, 2021 and September 26, 2020, the High-Yield Pulp segment sold 17,000 metric tons and 16,000 metric tons of high-yield pulp for $8 million and $6 million, respectively, to the Paperboard segment. For the nine months ended September 25, 2021 and September 26, 2020, the High-Yield Pulp segment sold 51,000 metric tons and 50,000 metric tons of high-yield pulp for $22 million and $18 million, respectively, to the Paperboard segment.
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Changes in High-Yield Pulp net sales are as follows:
Three Months EndedSeptember 26, 2020Changes Attributable to:September 25, 2021
Net Sales
(in millions)
PriceVolume/Mix
High-Yield Pulp Net Sales$30 $$$42 
Sales for the three months ended September 25, 2021 increased $12 million compared to the three months ended September 26, 2020. High-yield pulp sales prices and volumes increased 27 percent and 12 percent, respectively, during the three months ended September 25, 2021 when compared to the same prior year period. The increases were primarily driven by market demand improvements.
Nine Months EndedSeptember 26, 2020Changes Attributable to:September 25, 2021
Net Sales
(in millions)
PriceVolume/Mix
High-Yield Pulp Net Sales$91 $14 $$106 
Sales for the nine months ended September 25, 2021 increased $15 million, or 16 percent, when compared to the comparable period in 2020. High-yield pulp sales prices were up 14 percent while high-yield pulp sales volumes were flat during the period ended September 25, 2021.
Changes in High-Yield Pulp operating income are as follows:
Three Months EndedGross Margin Changes Attributable to (a):

(in millions)
September 26, 2020Sales PriceSales Volume/MixCostSG&A and otherSeptember 25, 2021
Operating income$$$$(4)$— $
Operating margin %3.3 %22.3 %2.9 %(9.5)%— %19.0 %
(a) Sales Volume computed based on contribution margin.
Operating results for the third quarter ended September 25, 2021 increased $7 million when compared to the same prior year period. Higher high-yield pulp sales prices were partly offset by higher maintenance, wood and transportation costs.
Nine Months EndedGross Margin Changes Attributable to (a):

(in millions)
September 26, 2020Sales PriceSales Volume/MixCostSG&A and otherSeptember 25, 2021
Operating income (loss)$— $14 $— $(6)$— $
Operating margin %— %13.3 %(0.1)%(5.7)%— %7.5 %
(a) Sales Volume computed based on contribution margin.
Operating results for the nine months ended September 25, 2021 improved by $8 million when compared to the same prior year period. Higher high-yield pulp sales prices were partly offset by higher maintenance, wood and transportation costs.
Corporate
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
Operating Income (Loss)
(in millions)
September 25, 2021September 26, 2020September 25, 2021September 26, 2020
Operating loss$(9)$(13)$(33)$(37)
The operating loss for the three-month period ended September 25, 2021 improved by $4 million, when compared to the same prior year period primarily due primarily to favorable foreign currency impacts. The operating loss for the nine-month period ended September 25, 2021, improved by $4 million when compared to the same prior year period driven primarily by lower variable compensation costs.
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Liquidity and Capital Resources
Cash flows from operations, primarily driven by operating results, have historically been our primary source of liquidity and capital resources. However, our operating cash flows have been volatile in recent years due to fluctuations in market prices for our commodity products as well as the impact on demand driven by the COVID-19 pandemic and the subsequent recovery. In response, we maintain a key focus on cash, managing working capital closely and optimizing the timing and level of our capital expenditures.
As of September 25, 2021, we are in compliance with all financial and other customary covenants. We believe our future cash flows from operations and availability under our ABL Credit Facility, as well as our ability to access the capital markets, if necessary or desirable, will be adequate to fund our operations and anticipated long-term funding requirements, including capital expenditures, defined benefit plan contributions, and repayment of debt maturities.
The non-guarantor subsidiaries had assets of $730 million, year-to-date revenue of $173 million, covenant EBITDA for the last twelve months is a $19 million loss and liabilities of $267 million as of September 25, 2021.
On September 6, 2019, our Board of Directors suspended our quarterly common stock dividend. No dividends have been declared since. The declaration and payment of future common stock dividends, if any, will be at the discretion of the Board of Directors and will be dependent upon our financial condition, results of operations, capital requirements and other factors the Board of Directors deem relevant. In addition, our debt facilities place limitations on the declaration and payment of future dividends.
On January 29, 2018, our Board of Directors authorized a $100 million common stock share buyback program. For the three and nine months ended September 25, 2021 and September 26, 2020, we did not repurchase any common shares under this buyback program. We do not expect to utilize any further authorization in the near future.
A summary of liquidity and capital resources is shown below (in millions of dollars):
September 25, 2021December 31, 2020
Cash and cash equivalents (a)$279 $94 
Availability under the ABL Credit Facility (b)76 102 
Total debt (c)947 1,084 
Stockholders’ equity785 695 
Total capitalization (total debt plus equity)$1,732 $1,779 
Debt to capital ratio55 %61 %
(a)    Cash and cash equivalents consisted of cash, money market deposits and time deposits with original maturities of 90 days or less.
(b)    Amounts available under the ABL Credit Facility fluctuate based on eligible accounts receivable and inventory levels. At September 25, 2021, we had $116 million of gross availability and net available borrowings of $76 million after taking into account standby letters of credit of approximately $40 million. In addition to the availability under the ABL Credit Facility, we have $23 million available under an accounts receivable factoring line of credit in France.
(c)    See Note 7 — Debt and Finance Leases of our consolidated financial statements for additional information.
Cash Flows (in millions of dollars)
The following table summarizes our cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities for the nine months ended:
Cash Flows Provided by (Used for):September 25, 2021September 26, 2020
Operating activities-continuing operations$45 $57 
Operating activities-discontinued operations$162 $
Investing activities-continuing operations$(65)$(35)
Investing activities-discontinued operations$183 $(7)
Financing activities$(138)$(2)
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Cash flows provided by operating activities of continuing operations declined $12 million during the nine months ended September 25, 2021 to $45 million when compared to the same prior year period due to higher sales prices across segments in addition to $27 million of net income tax cash refunds and $20 million of CEWS claims received in the period, partially offset by higher costs, the impact of shipping constraints and lower production. An additional $29 million of cash tax refunds are expected in the next six to twelve months. The nine months ended September 26, 2020 included a $24 million increase to the U.S. income tax receivable from the passage of the CARES Act in March of 2020.
Cash provided by operating activities of discontinued operations during the nine months ended September 25, 2021 improved by $156 million when compared to the same prior year period primarily driven by the increase in lumber sales prices. In addition, newsprint operations improved driven by sales price increases during the nine months ended September 26, 2021.
Cash flows used for investing activities of continuing operations increased $30 million during the nine months ended September 25, 2021 when compared to the same prior year period primarily from increased custodial capital spending. The increase also includes a $4 million investment in Anomera, Inc.
Cash provided by investing activities of discontinued operations increased $190 million to $183 million during the nine months ended September 25, 2021 compared to the same prior year period ended. The increase is driven by net cash received in connection with the sale of the lumber and newsprint assets which was completed on August 28, 2021, partially offset by capital expenditures of $8 million during the current period.
Cash flows used for financing activities increased by $136 million during the nine months ended September 25, 2021 to $138 million when compared to the same prior year period. The increase is primarily driven by the open-market purchases of a portion of our Unsecured Notes during the third quarter of 2021. Additionally, cash used to repurchase common stock in lieu of income taxes from the vesting of incentive stock grants was $1 million higher during the current period. The nine months ended September 26, 2020 had $3 million of higher debt issuance costs when compared to the current period. See Note 7 — Debt and Finance Leases and Note 12Stockholders' Equity, to our consolidated financial statements for additional information.
Performance and Liquidity Indicators
The discussion below is presented to enhance the reader’s understanding of our operating performance, liquidity, ability to generate cash and satisfy rating agency and creditor requirements. This information includes the following measures of financial results: EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA and adjusted free cash flows. These measures are not defined by U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”) and the discussion of EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA and adjusted free cash flows is not intended to conflict with or change any of the GAAP disclosures described above. Our management uses these non-GAAP measures to compare our performance to that of prior periods for trend analyses, purposes of determining management incentive compensation and budgeting, forecasting and planning purposes. Our management considers these measures, in addition to operating income, to be important to estimate the enterprise and stockholder values of the Company, and for making strategic and operating decisions. In addition, analysts, investors and creditors use these measures when analyzing our operating performance, financial condition and cash generating ability. Our management uses EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA as performance measures and adjusted free cash flows as a liquidity measure. See Item 2 — Note about Non-GAAP Financial Measures for limitations associated with non-GAAP measures.
EBITDA is defined by SEC rules as earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization. EBITDA is not necessarily indicative of results that may be generated in future periods.
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Below is a reconciliation of Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations to EBITDA from continuing operations by segment (in millions of dollars):
Three Months Ended:High Purity CellulosePaperboardHigh-Yield PulpCorporate & OtherTotal
September 25, 2021
Income (loss) from continuing operations$$$$(25)$(13)
Depreciation and amortization30 — 35 
Interest expense, net— — — 17 17 
Income tax expense (benefit)— — — (4)(4)
EBITDA from continuing operations$32 $$$(12)$35 
Pension settlement (gain) loss— — — — — 
Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations$32 $$$(12)$35 
September 26, 2020
Income (loss) from continuing operations$$$$(1)$12 
Depreciation and amortization28 34 
Interest expense, net— — — 14 14 
Income tax expense (benefit)— — — (28)(28)
EBITDA from continuing operations$36 $$$(14)$32 
Nine Months Ended:High Purity CellulosePaperboardHigh-Yield PulpCorporate & OtherTotal
September 25, 2021
Income (loss) from continuing operations$20 $11 $$(61)$(21)
Depreciation and amortization85 11 101 
Interest expense, net— — — 49 49 
Income tax expense (benefit)— — — (29)(29)
EBITDA from continuing operations$105 $22 $11 $(38)$100 
Pension settlement (gain) loss— — — 
Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations$105 $22 $11 $(37)$101 
September 26, 2020
Income (loss) from continuing operations$$15 $$(33)$(8)
Depreciation and amortization85 11 101 
Interest expense, net— — — 40 40 
Income tax expense (benefit)— — — (47)(47)
EBITDA from continuing operations$93 $26 $$(37)$86 

EBITDA from continuing operations for the three and nine months ended September 25, 2021 improved by $3 million and $15 million, respectively, when compared to the same periods ended September 26, 2020, primarily from favorable operating results driven by higher High Purity Cellulose prices, partially offset by higher operational costs. For the full discussion of changes to operating income, see Management’s Discussion of Results of Operations.
Adjusted free cash flows is defined as cash provided by operating activities of continuing operations adjusted for capital expenditures, net of proceeds from sale of assets, excluding strategic capital expenditures. Adjusted free cash flows, as defined by the Company, is a non-GAAP measure of cash generated during a period which is available for debt reduction, strategic
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capital expenditures and acquisitions and repurchase of the Company’s common stock. Adjusted free cash flows is not necessarily indicative of the adjusted free cash flows that may be generated in future periods.
Below is a reconciliation of cash flows from operations of continuing operations to adjusted free cash flows of continuing operations for the respective periods (in millions of dollars):
Nine Months Ended
Cash Flows from Operations to Adjusted Free Cash Flows ReconciliationSeptember 25, 2021September 26, 2020
Cash provided by (used for) operating activities - continuing operations$45 $57 
Capital expenditures (a)(51)(25)
Adjusted Free Cash Flows$(6)$32 
(a)    Capital expenditures exclude strategic capital expenditures which are deemed discretionary by management. Strategic expenditures for the first nine months of 2021 were approximately $10 million. Strategic capital expenditures for the same period of 2020 were approximately $10 million.
Adjusted free cash flows of continuing operations declined primarily due to higher capital expenditures. For the full discussion of operating cash flows, see Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Cash Flows.
Contractual Financial Obligations and Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We have no material changes outside the ordinary course of business to the Contractual Financial Obligations table as presented in Item 7 — Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in our 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

See Note 18 — Commitments and Contingencies for details on our letters of credit and surety bonds as of September 25, 2021.

Item 3.Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Market and Other Economic Risks
We are exposed to various market risks, primarily changes in interest rates, currency and commodity prices. Our objective is to minimize the economic impact of these market risks. We may use derivatives in accordance with policies and procedures approved by the Audit Committee of our Board of Directors. Derivatives are managed by a senior executive committee whose responsibilities include initiating, managing and monitoring resulting exposures. See Note 9 — Derivative Instruments for additional information.
We manage our foreign currency exposures by balancing certain assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies. We previously have, and may do so again, used foreign currency forward contracts to manage these exposures. The principal objective of such contracts is to minimize the potential volatility and financial impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates. We do not utilize financial instruments for trading or other speculative purposes.

The prices, sales volumes and margins of the commodity products of our High Purity Cellulose segment and all the products of the High-Yield Pulp segment have historically been cyclically affected by economic and market shifts, fluctuations in capacity, and changes in foreign currency exchange rates. In general, these products are commodities that are widely available from other producers; because these products have few distinguishing qualities from producer to producer, competition is based primarily on price, which is determined by supply relative to demand. The overall levels of demand for the products we manufacture, and consequently our sales and profitability, reflect fluctuations in end user demand. Our cellulose specialties product prices are impacted by market supply and demand, raw material and processing costs, changes in global currencies and other factors. While these prices are not directly correlated to commodity dissolving wood pulp and paper pulp prices, changes in commodity dissolving wood pulp and paper pulp prices may impact competitors' actions which can lead to an impact in prices for cellulose specialties products. In addition, approximately half of our cellulose specialties contracted volumes are under multi-year contracts that expire between 2021 and 2023.

As of September 25, 2021, we had $1 million of variable rate debt which is subject to interest rate risk. At this borrowing level, a hypothetical one-percentage point increase/decrease in interest rates would result in an immaterial increase/decrease in interest payments and expense over a 12-month period.

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The fair market value of our long-term fixed interest rate debt is also subject to interest rate risk. However, we intend to hold most of our debt until maturity. The estimated fair value of our fixed-rate debt at September 25, 2021 was $989 million compared to the $944 million carrying value of principal amount. We use quoted market prices to estimate the fair value of our fixed-rate debt. Generally, the fair market value of fixed-rate debt will increase as interest rates fall and decrease as interest rates rise.

We may periodically enter into commodity forward contracts to fix some of our energy costs that are subject to price volatility caused by weather, supply conditions, political and economic variables and other unpredictable factors. Such forward contracts partially mitigate the risk of changes to our gross margins resulting from an increase or decrease in these costs. Forward contracts which are derivative instruments are reported in the consolidated balance sheets at their fair values, unless they qualify for the normal purchase normal sale ("NPNS") exception and such exception has been elected. If the NPNS exception is elected, the fair values of such contracts are not recognized on the balance sheet.

Item 4.Controls and Procedures
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate disclosure controls and procedures. Disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”)), are designed with the objective of ensuring that information required to be disclosed in reports filed under the Exchange Act, such as this quarterly report on Form 10-Q, is (1) recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and (2) accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no control evaluation can provide absolute assurance that all control exceptions and instances of fraud have been prevented or detected on a timely basis. Even systems determined to be effective can provide only reasonable assurance their objectives are achieved.
Based on an evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report on Form 10-Q, our management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, concluded the design and operation of the disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of September 25, 2021.
During the quarter ended September 25, 2021, based upon the evaluation required by paragraph (d) of SEC Rule 13a-15, there were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that would materially affect or are reasonably likely to materially affect our internal control over financial reporting.
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Part II.Other Information

Item 1.Legal Proceedings
The Company is engaged in various legal and regulatory actions and proceedings, and has been named as a defendant in various lawsuits and claims arising in the ordinary course of its business. While the Company has procured reasonable and customary insurance covering risks normally occurring in connection with its businesses, the Company has in certain cases retained some risk through the operation of self-insurance, primarily in the areas of workers’ compensation, property insurance, business interruption and general liability. While there can be no assurance, the ultimate outcome of these actions, either individually or in the aggregate, is not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows, except as may be noted below.
Final Settlement Reached in Dispute with IESO Relating to Investigation of the Kapuskasing Newsprint Facility
From the period from 2014 to early 2021, the Market Assessment and Compliance Division (“MACD”) branch of the Independent Electricity System Operator (“IESO”), the governmental agency responsible for operating the wholesale electricity market and directing the operation of the bulk electrical system in the province of Ontario, Canada, had been engaged in reviewing the Company's compliance with the published rules that govern the operation of the wholesale electricity market in Ontario, Canada. The inquiry was focused primarily on payments made by IESO to the Company between 2010 and 2019 under market rules in connection with multiple planned, extended and unplanned forced outages that caused extensive downtime, in full or in part, of the Company’s Kapuskasing, Ontario newsprint facility.
In May 2020, MACD finalized two of its four investigations into the Company’s electricity management practices at its Kapuskasing newsprint facility and issued orders asserting penalties of CAD $25 million. These orders called for the Company to pay penalties of CAD $3 million immediately and CAD $12 million over a 10-year period, with the remaining CAD $10 million to be deferred and ultimately forgiven assuming the Company otherwise complied with the orders’ remaining terms. The Company, which maintained it had complied in all material respects with the published rules, vigorously contested IESO’s orders, including through the filing of judicial review proceedings with the divisional Court (Superior Court of Justice) of Ontario seeking invalidation of the orders. At the time these orders were issued, the remaining two investigations remained open, subjecting the Company to the risk that MACD may in the future issue additional orders upon finalization of these additional investigations.

On April 19, 2021, the Company and IESO entered into Minutes of Settlement (“MOS”) pursuant to which the parties agreed to fully and finally settle all claims relating to all four of the investigations (whether completed or not) and related orders, the judicial review proceedings and underlying disputes. As part of the settlement, the Company agreed to a fixed obligation to pay a sum of CAD $12 million over a period of 5 years comprised of a CAD $4.5 million up-front payment and a CAD $7.5 payment to be spread (on a front-weighted basis) over the next 5 anniversaries of the MOS, without interest. In addition to the foregoing, the MOS provides that a “suspended” sum of CAD $10.4 million would become due and payable in the event the Company fails to comply with any of the terms and conditions of the MOS or commits an event of default, as defined under the applicable market rules, unless such breach or event of default is remedied on a timely basis. This contingent “suspended” sum decreases annually as the scheduled fixed, or non-contingent, payments are made under the MOS. Assuming no uncured event of default or breach occurs during the repayment period, upon full payment of the CAD $12 million, the entire "suspended" sum shall be extinguished and RYAM shall be released from any payment obligation with respect thereto.

Given the parties’ finalization of and entry into the MOS, the Company considers this matter concluded (subject only to the parties’ obligations yet to be performed under the MOS).

Item 1A.Risk Factors

In addition to the risk factors previously disclosed in our 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K, the following risk factors are hereby added:

Merger and Acquisition Risk
Approximately fifteen percent (15%) of the purchase price for the GreenFirst transaction was received in the common shares of the capital of GreenFirst (to be held by the Company for a minimum of six (6) months following transaction
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closing), and the Company’s ability to ultimately realize the benefit of this consideration is subject to market conditions and GreenFirst’s future performance.


Item 2.Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
The following table provides information regarding our purchases of Rayonier Advanced Materials common stock during the quarter ended September 25, 2021:
PeriodTotal Number of Shares Purchased (b)Average Price Paid per ShareTotal Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or ProgramsApproximate Dollar Value of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs (a)
June 27 to July 31— $— — $60,294,000 
August 1 to August 28— $— — $60,294,000 
August 29 to September 25— $— — $60,294,000 
Total— — 
(a)    As of September 25, 2021, approximately $60 million of share repurchase authorization remains under the authorization declared by the Board of Directors on January 29, 2018.
(b)     Repurchased to satisfy the tax withholding requirements related to the issuance of stock under the Rayonier Advanced Materials Incentive Stock Plan.

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Item 6.Exhibits
Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc.Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Registrant’s Form 8-K filed on June 30, 2014
Certificate of Designations of 8.00% Series A Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock of Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc., filed with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware and effective August 10, 2016Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Registrant’s Form 8-K filed on August 10, 2016
Amended and Restated Bylaws of Rayonier Advanced Materials IncIncorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the Registrant’s Form 8-K filed on June 30, 2014
Chief Executive Officer’s Certification Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) and pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002Filed herewith
Chief Financial Officer’s Certification Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) and pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002Filed herewith
Certification of Periodic Financial Reports Under Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002Furnished herewith
101The following financial information from our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the three and nine months ended September 25, 2021 formatted in Extensible Business Reporting Language (“XBRL”), includes: (i) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss) and Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 25, 2021 and September 26, 2020; (ii) the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 25, 2021 and December 31, 2020; (iii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended September 25, 2021 and September 26, 2020; and (iv) the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial StatementsFiled herewith
104Cover Page Interactive Data File - formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101

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Signature
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc.
(Registrant)
By:/s/ MARCUS J. MOELTNER
Marcus J. Moeltner
Chief Financial Officer and
Senior Vice President, Finance
(Duly Authorized Officer and Principal Financial Officer)
Date: November 4, 2021

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