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AQUA Evoqua Water Technologies

Filed: 5 May 21, 5:15pm


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
 Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the quarterly period ended
March 31, 2021
or
 Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the transition period from _____ to _____
Commission File Number: 001-38272
EVOQUA WATER TECHNOLOGIES CORP.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware46-4132761
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
210 Sixth Avenue15222
Pittsburgh,Pennsylvania
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(724) 772-0044
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
N/A
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per shareAQUANew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes    No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes     No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes     No 
There were 119,900,432 shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share, outstanding as of April 30, 2021.



EVOQUA WATER TECHNOLOGIES CORP.
TABLE OF CONTENTS






CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Report”) contains forward‑looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). You can generally identify forward‑looking statements by our use of forward‑looking terminology such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “might,” “plan,” “potential,” “predict,” “projection,” “seek,” “should,” “will” or “would,” or the negative thereof, or other variations thereon or comparable terminology. In particular, statements about the markets in which we operate, including growth of our various markets, our expectations, beliefs, plans, strategies, objectives, prospects, assumptions, or future events or performance, statements regarding our restructuring actions and expected restructuring charges and cost savings for fiscal 2021 and beyond, and statements related to the COVID-19 pandemic and its ongoing impact on our business contained in this Report are forward‑looking statements.
We have based these forward‑looking statements on our current expectations, assumptions, estimates and projections. While we believe these expectations, assumptions, estimates and projections are reasonable, such forward‑looking statements are only predictions and involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control. These and other important factors, including those discussed in Part I, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on November 20, 2020, and Part I, Item 2. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation” of this Report may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward‑looking statements or could affect our share price. Some of the factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by the forward‑looking statements include, among other things:
general global economic and business conditions, including the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and disruptions in global oil markets;
our ability to compete successfully in our markets;
our ability to execute projects on budget and on schedule;
the potential for us to incur liabilities to customers as a result of warranty claims or failure to meet performance guarantees;
our ability to meet our customers’ safety standards or the potential for adverse publicity affecting our reputation as a result of incidents such as workplace accidents, mechanical failures, spills, uncontrolled discharges, damage to customer or third‑party property or the transmission of contaminants or diseases;
our ability to continue to develop or acquire new products, services and solutions and adapt our business to meet the demands of our customers, comply with changes to government regulations and achieve market acceptance with acceptable margins;
our ability to implement our growth strategy, including acquisitions, and our ability to identify suitable acquisition targets;
our ability to operate or integrate any acquired businesses, assets or product lines profitably or otherwise successfully implement our growth strategy;
our ability to achieve the expected benefits of our restructuring actions;
material and other cost inflation and our ability to mitigate the impact of inflation by increasing selling prices and/or improving our productivity efficiencies;
our ability to accurately predict the timing of contract awards;
delays in enactment or repeals of environmental laws and regulations;
the potential for us to become subject to claims relating to handling, storage, release or disposal of hazardous materials;
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our ability to retain our senior management and other key personnel;
our increasing dependence on the continuous and reliable operation of our information technology systems;
risks associated with product defects and unanticipated or improper use of our products;
litigation, regulatory or enforcement actions and reputational risk as a result of the nature of our business or our participation in large‑scale projects;
seasonality of sales and weather conditions;
risks related to government customers, including potential challenges to our government contracts or our eligibility to serve government customers;
the potential for our contracts with federal, state and local governments to be terminated or adversely modified prior to completion;
risks related to foreign, federal, state and local environmental, health and safety laws and regulations and the costs associated therewith;
risks associated with international sales and operations, including our operations in the People’s Republic of China;
our ability to adequately protect our intellectual property from third‑party infringement;
risks related to our substantial indebtedness;
our need for a significant amount of cash, which depends on many factors beyond our control; and
other risks and uncertainties, including those listed under Part I, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020, as filed with the SEC on November 20, 2020, and in other filings we may make from time to time with the SEC.
Given these risks and uncertainties, you are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward‑looking statements. The forward‑looking statements contained in this Report are not guarantees of future performance and our actual results of operations, financial condition and liquidity, and the development of the industry in which we operate, may differ materially from the forward‑looking statements contained in this Report. In addition, even if our results of operations, financial condition and liquidity, and events in the industry in which we operate, are consistent with the forward‑looking statements contained in this Report, they may not be predictive of results or developments in future periods.
Any forward‑looking statement that we make in this Report speaks only as of the date of such statement. Except as required by law, we do not undertake any obligation to update or revise, or to publicly announce any update or revision to, any of the forward‑looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, after the date of this Report.

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Part I - Financial Information

Item 1. Financial Statements

INDEX TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

3


Evoqua Water Technologies Corp.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
March 31,
2021
September 30,
2020
ASSETS
Current assets$717,132 $695,712 
Cash and cash equivalents222,718 193,001 
Receivables, net227,343 260,479 
Inventories, net156,787 142,379 
Contract assets74,801 80,759 
Prepaid and other current assets34,491 18,715 
Income tax receivable992 379 
Property, plant, and equipment, net371,868 364,461 
Goodwill404,393 397,205 
Intangible assets, net299,318 309,967 
Deferred income taxes, net of valuation allowance1,661 3,639 
Operating lease right-of-use assets, net47,591 45,965 
Other non‑current assets37,836 27,509 
Total assets$1,879,799 $1,844,458 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Current liabilities$346,573 $349,555 
Accounts payable144,613 153,890 
Current portion of debt, net of deferred financing fees21,343 14,339 
Contract liabilities36,894 26,259 
Product warranties6,714 6,115 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities134,692 143,389 
Income tax payable2,317 5,563 
Non‑current liabilities$1,008,341 $1,012,840 
Long-term debt, net of deferred financing fees859,692 861,695 
Product warranties1,989 1,724 
Obligation under operating leases39,174 37,796 
Other non‑current liabilities96,007 98,456 
Deferred income taxes11,479 13,169 
Total liabilities$1,354,914 $1,362,395 
Commitments and Contingent Liabilities (Note 19)00
Shareholders’ equity
Common stock, par value $0.01: authorized 1,000,000 shares; issued 121,442 shares, outstanding 119,778 at March 31, 2021; issued 119,486 shares, outstanding 117,291 at September 30, 2020$1,215 $1,189 
Treasury stock: 1,664 shares at March 31, 2021 and 2,195 shares at September 30, 2020(2,837)(2,837)
Additional paid-in capital564,034 564,928 
Retained deficit(51,195)(62,664)
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax12,009 (20,472)
Total Evoqua Water Technologies Corp. equity$523,226 $480,144 
Non-controlling interest1,659 1,919 
Total shareholders’ equity$524,885 $482,063 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity$1,879,799 $1,844,458 
See accompanying notes to these Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
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Evoqua Water Technologies Corp.
Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per share data)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Six Months Ended
March 31,
2021202020212020
Revenue from product sales$202,466 $205,969 $382,481 $402,529 
Revenue from services144,098 145,694 286,276 295,239 
Revenue from product sales and services$346,564 $351,663 $668,757 $697,768 
Cost of product sales(144,521)(144,156)(275,582)(284,612)
Cost of services(96,124)(96,301)(191,911)(196,235)
Cost of product sales and services$(240,645)$(240,457)$(467,493)$(480,847)
Gross profit$105,919 $111,206 $201,264 $216,921 
General and administrative expense(52,928)(62,130)(95,211)(107,900)
Sales and marketing expense(33,830)(33,976)(67,758)(71,990)
Research and development expense(3,393)(3,189)(6,516)(6,873)
Total operating expenses$(90,151)$(99,295)$(169,485)$(186,763)
Other operating income511 9,518 991 61,238 
Other operating expense(101)(274)(358)(549)
Income before interest expense and income taxes$16,178 $21,155 $32,412 $90,847 
Interest expense(8,395)(13,252)(17,068)(26,835)
Income before income taxes$7,783 $7,903 $15,344 $64,012 
Income tax (expense) benefit(2,701)(3,785)(2,596)
Net income$5,082 $7,910 $11,559 $61,416 
Net income attributable to non‑controlling interest46 98 90 459 
Net income attributable to Evoqua Water Technologies Corp.$5,036 $7,812 $11,469 $60,957 
Basic income per common share$0.04 $0.07 $0.10 $0.52 
Diluted income per common share$0.04 $0.06 $0.09 $0.50 
See accompanying notes to these Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

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Evoqua Water Technologies Corp.
Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(In thousands)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Six Months Ended
March 31,
2021202020212020
Net income$5,082 $7,910 $11,559 $61,416 
Other comprehensive (loss) income
Foreign currency translation adjustments26,891 (14,724)22,014 (6,667)
Unrealized derivative gain (loss) on cash flow hedges, net of tax9,091 (162)10,093 (211)
Change in pension liability, net of tax110 235 374 471 
Total other comprehensive income (loss)$36,092 $(14,651)$32,481 $(6,407)
Less: Comprehensive income attributable to non‑controlling interest(46)(98)(90)(459)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Evoqua Water Technologies Corp.$41,128 $(6,839)$43,950 $54,550 
See accompanying notes to these Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

6


Evoqua Water Technologies Corp.
Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity
(In thousands)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
Common StockTreasury StockAdditional
Paid‑in
Capital
Retained
Deficit
Accumulated
Other Comprehensive Loss
Non‑controlling
Interest
Total
SharesCostSharesCost
Balance at December 31, 2020120,750 $1,202 2,196 $(2,837)$582,197 $(56,231)$(24,083)$1,713 $501,961 
Equity based compensation expense— — — — 3,214 — — — $3,214 
Issuance of common stock, net692 13 (532)— (21,377)— — — $(21,364)
Dividends paid to non-controlling interest— — — — — — — (100)$(100)
Net income— — — — — 5,036 — 46 $5,082 
Other comprehensive income— — — — — — 36,092 — $36,092 
Balance at March 31, 2021121,442 $1,215 1,664 $(2,837)$564,034 $(51,195)$12,009 $1,659 $524,885 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
Common StockTreasury StockAdditional
Paid‑in
Capital
Retained
Deficit
Accumulated
Other Comprehensive Loss
Non‑controlling
Interest
Total
SharesCostSharesCost
Balance at December 31, 2019117,653 $1,170 2,083 $(2,837)$543,237 $(123,854)$(4,760)$2,174 $415,130 
Cumulative effect of adoption of new accounting standards— — — — — 686 — — $686 
Equity based compensation expense— — — — 2,304 — — — $2,304 
Issuance of common stock, net1,417 15 111 — 11,309 — — — $11,324 
Dividends paid to non-controlling interest— — — — — — — (200)$(200)
Net income— — — — — 7,812 — 98 $7,910 
Other comprehensive loss— — — — — — (14,651)— $(14,651)
Balance at March 31, 2020119,070 $1,185 2,194 $(2,837)$556,850 $(115,356)$(19,411)$2,072 $422,503 
Six Months Ended March 31, 2021
Common StockTreasury StockAdditional
Paid‑in
Capital
Retained
Deficit
Accumulated
Other Comprehensive Loss
Non‑controlling
Interest
Total
SharesCostSharesCost
Balance at September 30, 2020119,486 $1,189 2,195 $(2,837)$564,928 $(62,664)$(20,472)$1,919 $482,063 
Equity based compensation expense— — — — 6,233 — — — $6,233 
Issuance of common stock, net1,956 26 (531)— (7,127)— — — $(7,101)
Dividends paid to non-controlling interest— — — — — — — (350)$(350)
Net income— — — — — 11,469 — 90 $11,559 
Other comprehensive income— — — — — — 32,481 — $32,481 
Balance at March 31, 2021121,442 $1,215 1,664 $(2,837)$564,034 $(51,195)$12,009 $1,659 $524,885 
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Six Months Ended March 31, 2020
Common StockTreasury StockAdditional
Paid‑in
Capital
Retained
Deficit
Accumulated
Other Comprehensive Loss
Non‑controlling
Interest
Total
SharesCostSharesCost
Balance at September 30, 2019116,008 $1,154 1,664 $(2,837)$552,422 $(174,976)$(13,004)$3,063 $365,822 
Cumulative effect of adoption of new accounting standards— — — — — (1,337)— — $(1,337)
Equity based compensation expense— — — — 5,984 — — — $5,984 
Issuance of common stock, net3,062 31 530 — 15,339 — — — $15,370 
Dividends paid to non-controlling interest— — — — — — — (1,450)$(1,450)
Divestiture of Memcor product line— — — — (16,895)— — — $(16,895)
Net income— — — — — 60,957 — 459 $61,416 
Other comprehensive loss— — — — — — (6,407)— $(6,407)
Balance at March 31, 2020119,070 $1,185 2,194 $(2,837)$556,850 $(115,356)$(19,411)$2,072 $422,503 
See accompanying notes to these Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements




Evoqua Water Technologies Corp.
Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Changes in Cash Flows
(In thousands)
Six Months Ended
March 31,
20212020
Operating activities
Net income$11,559 $61,416 
Reconciliation of net income to cash flows provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization54,607 52,514 
Amortization of deferred financing fees (includes $0 and $1,795 write off of deferred financing fees)1,044 3,103 
Deferred income taxes476 (1,209)
Share-based compensation6,233 5,984 
Loss on sale of property, plant and equipment807 170 
Loss (gain) on sale of business191 (68,051)
Foreign currency exchange (gains) losses on intercompany loans and other non-cash items(3,659)1,514 
Changes in assets and liabilities
Accounts receivable36,221 7,256 
Inventories(14,091)(17,800)
Contract assets6,553 (5,377)
Prepaids and other current assets(9,921)(3,715)
Accounts payable(9,799)6,004 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities(9,089)60 
Contract liabilities9,829 (4,920)
Income taxes(3,948)2,140 
Other non‑current assets and liabilities(13,955)(252)
Net cash provided by operating activities63,058 38,837 
Investing activities
Purchase of property, plant and equipment(36,297)(38,759)
Purchase of intangibles(539)(622)
Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment640 271 
Proceeds from sale of business, net of cash of $0 and $12,117897 118,894 
Acquisitions(8,743)(11,164)
Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities(44,042)68,620 
Financing activities
Issuance of debt, net of deferred issuance costs13,993 8,212 
Borrowings under credit facility2,597 
Repayment of debt(10,036)(109,333)
Repayment of finance lease obligation(6,901)(6,694)
Payment of earn-out related to previous acquisitions(175)
Proceeds from issuance of common stock13,430 8,333 
Taxes paid related to net share settlements of share-based compensation awards(1,863)(9,817)
Distribution to non‑controlling interest(350)(1,450)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities8,273 (108,327)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash2,428 (516)
Change in cash and cash equivalents29,717 (1,386)
Cash and cash equivalents
Beginning of period193,001 109,881 
End of period$222,718 $108,495 
See accompanying notes to these Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
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Evoqua Water Technologies Corp.
Unaudited Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flow Information
(In thousands)
Six Months Ended
March 31,
20212020
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information
Cash paid for taxes$5,457 $2,133 
Cash paid for interest$14,647 $22,953 
Non‑cash investing and financing activities
Finance lease transactions$9,044 $4,308 
Operating lease transactions$7,993 $10,076 
Option and Purchase Right$$7,167 
See accompanying notes to these Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
10


Evoqua Water Technologies Corp.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
(In thousands, except per share data)
1. Description of the Company and Basis of Presentation
Background
Evoqua Water Technologies Corp. (referred to herein as the “Company” or “EWT”) is a holding company and does not conduct any business operations of its own. The Company was incorporated on October 7, 2013. On January 15, 2014, the Company acquired through its wholly owned subsidiaries, EWT Holdings II Corp. (“EWT II”) and EWT Holdings III Corp. (“EWT III”), all of the outstanding shares of Siemens Water Technologies, a group of legal entity businesses formerly owned by Siemens AG (“Siemens”). The stock purchase closed on January 15, 2014 and was effective January 16, 2014 (the “Acquisition”). On November 6, 2017, the Company completed its initial public offering (“IPO”).
On December 4, 2020, the Company completed a secondary public offering, pursuant to which 12,000 shares of common stock were sold by certain selling shareholders. On February 11, 2021, the Company completed an additional secondary public offering, pursuant to which 16,383 shares of common stock were sold by certain selling shareholders. Upon completion of these offerings, AEA Investors LP disposed of all of their shares of the Company’s common stock. The Company did not receive any proceeds from the sale of shares by the selling shareholders in either of these secondary public offerings.
The Business
EWT provides a wide range of product brands and advanced water and wastewater treatment systems and technologies, as well as mobile and emergency water supply solutions and service contract options through its branch network. Headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, EWT is a multinational corporation with operations in the United States (“U.S.”), Canada, the United Kingdom (“UK”), the Netherlands, Germany, Australia, the People’s Republic of China, Singapore, the Republic of Korea and India.
The Company is organizationally structured into 2 reportable operating segments for the purpose of making operational decisions and assessing financial performance: (i) Integrated Solutions and Services and (ii) Applied Product Technologies.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. (“GAAP”). All intercompany transactions have been eliminated. Unless otherwise specified, all dollar and share amounts in these notes are referred to in thousands.
The interim Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information and note disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such SEC rules. We believe that the disclosures made are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. In our opinion, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of the financial statements have been included, and all adjustments are of a normal and recurring nature. We consistently applied the accounting policies described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020, as filed with the SEC on November 20, 2020 (“2020 Annual Report”), in preparing these Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements, with the exception of accounting standard updates described in Note 2, “Recent Accounting Pronouncements.” These Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and the notes included in our 2020 Annual Report. Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation.
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Correction of Immaterial Errors
During the quarter ending March 31, 2021, the Company identified errors related to the reporting of tax remittances associated with certain equity awards, resulting in a classification error of $18,669 between additional paid in capital and accumulated other comprehensive loss. Management recorded the correction to additional paid in capital and accumulated other comprehensive balances during the quarter ending March 31, 2021. Management considered both the quantitative and qualitative factors within the provisions of SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 99, Materiality, and Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 108, Considering the Effects of Prior Year Misstatements when Quantifying Misstatements in Current Year Financial Statements. Based on evaluation of the errors, management has concluded that the prior period errors were immaterial to the previously issued financial statements. As a result of that classification error, management also identified a second, related immaterial classification error for the understatement of net cash provided by operating cash flows of $18,669 and an overstatement of net cash provided by financing activities of $18,669 for the period from October 1, 2019 to September 30, 2020. The Company has elected to voluntarily correct the identified immaterial classification error in the prior period Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Changes to Cash Flows to enhance comparability. In doing so, balances in the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Changes to Cash Flows included in this Form 10-Q have been adjusted to reflect the voluntary immaterial classification error correction of $16,854 between financing and operating in the prior period. Future filings that include prior periods will be corrected, as needed, when filed.
The correction of the above classification errors did not have any effect on the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations in any of the periods previously presented.
2. Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
In March 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting (“ASU 2020-04”), which was amended by the subsequent issuance in January 2021 of ASU 2021-01, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Scope (“ASU 2021-01”). ASU 2020-04 became effective immediately and expires on December 21, 2022. ASU 2020-04 allows eligible contracts that are modified to be accounted for as a continuation of those contracts, permits companies to preserve their hedging accounting during the transition period and enables companies to make a one-time election to transfer or sell held-to-maturity debt securities that are affected by rate reform. ASU 2021-01 provides optional expedients and exceptions for contracts, hedging relationships and other transactions that reference the London Inter-Bank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) or another reference rate expected to be discontinued because of reference rate reform, if certain criteria are met. The Company is currently assessing the impact of the adoption of ASU 2020-04 and ASU 2021-01 on the Company’s Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements and related disclosures.
12


Accounting Pronouncements Recently Adopted
The Company adopted ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments on October 1, 2020 (“ASU 2016-13”). ASU 2016-13 requires entities to use a new forward-looking “expected loss” model that reflects expected credit losses, including credit losses related to trade receivables, and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to inform credit loss estimates which generally will result in the earlier recognition of allowances for losses. The Company adopted ASU 2016-13 using a modified retrospective approach and determined that there was no cumulative-effect adjustment to its beginning Retained deficit on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements. See Note 7, “Accounts Receivable” for further details and related disclosures.
The following accounting pronouncements were adopted by the Company on October 1, 2020, and the adoptions did not have a material impact on the Company’s Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements or disclosures:
Accounting Standards Updates
ASU 2020-03, Codification Improvements to Financial Instruments
ASU 2018-19, Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses
ASU 2018-18, Collaborative Arrangements (Topic 808) Clarifying the Interaction between Topic 808 and Topic 606
ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Subtopic 820): Disclosure Framework—Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement
3. Variable Interest Entities
Treated Water Outsourcing (“TWO”) is a joint venture between the Company and Nalco Water, an Ecolab company, in which the Company holds a 50% partnership interest. The Company is obligated to absorb all risk of loss up to 100% of the joint venture partner’s equity. As such, the Company fully consolidates TWO as a variable interest entity (“VIE”) under ASC Topic No. 810, Consolidation. The Company has not provided, and is not contractually required to provide, additional financial support to this entity, and the Company does not have the ability to use the assets of TWO to settle obligations of the Company’s other subsidiaries.
The following provides a summary of TWO’s balance sheet as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, and summarized financial information for the three and six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.
March 31,
2021
September 30,
2020
Current assets (includes cash of $1,552 and $2,088)$3,462 $4,016 
Property, plant and equipment1,024 1,145 
Goodwill2,206 2,206 
Total liabilities(1,168)(1,324)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Six Months Ended
March 31,
2021202020212020
Total revenue$834 $1,210 $1,668 $3,852 
Total operating expenses(732)(1,086)(1,469)(3,044)
Income from operations$102 $124 $199 $808 
On October 1, 2019, the Company acquired a 60% investment position in San Diego-based Frontier Water Systems, LLC (“Frontier”). The Frontier acquisition is a VIE because it has insufficient equity to finance its activities due to key assets being assigned to the Company upon acquisition.  The Company is the primary beneficiary of Frontier because the Company has the power to direct the activities that most significantly affect Frontier’s economic performance.
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In addition, the Company entered into an agreement to purchase the remaining 40% interest in Frontier on or prior to March 30, 2024. This agreement (a) gave holders of the remaining 40% interest in Frontier (the “Minority Owners”) the right to sell to Evoqua up to approximately 10% of the outstanding equity in Frontier at a predetermined price, which right was exercisable by the Minority Owners between January 1, 2021 and February 28, 2021 (the “Option”), and (b) obligates the Company to purchase and the Minority Owners to sell all of the Minority Owners’ remaining interest in Frontier at the fair market value at the time of sale on or prior to March 30, 2024 (the “Purchase Right”). The Purchase Right may be exercised early by the Minority Owners. The agreement to purchase the remaining interest was determined to be financing due to the mandatory Purchase Right, as per ASC Topic 480, Distinguishing Liabilities From Equity, and as such, the Company recognized a liability for the remaining 40% interest. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Minority Owners exercised the Option, and on April 8, 2021 the Company completed the purchase of an additional 8% of the outstanding equity in Frontier for approximately $1,490. This amount was reclassified from Other non‑current liabilities to Accrued expenses and other liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheets during the three months ended March 31, 2021. As a result, the Company’s ownership position in Frontier increased to 68%.
Additionally, the Company fully consolidates Frontier as a VIE under ASC Topic No. 810, Consolidation.
The following provides a summary of Frontier’s balance sheet as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, and summarized financial information for the three and six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.
March 31,
2021
September 30,
2020
Current assets (includes cash of $1,182 and $1,675)$5,045 $4,024 
Property, plant and equipment3,094 3,159 
Goodwill1,798 1,798 
Intangible assets, net9,092 9,918 
Total liabilities(5,095)(3,692)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Six Months Ended
March 31,
2021202020212020
Total revenue$2,078 $1,078 $2,848 $2,723 
Total operating expenses(2,401)(2,364)(4,139)(4,301)
Loss from operations$(323)$(1,286)$(1,291)$(1,578)
4. Acquisitions and Divestitures
Acquisitions support the Company’s strategy of delivering a broad solutions portfolio with robust technology across multiple geographies and end markets. The Company continues to evaluate potential strategic acquisitions of businesses, assets and product lines and believes that capex-like, tuck-in acquisitions present a key opportunity within its overall growth strategy.
On December 17, 2020, the Company acquired the industrial water business of Ultrapure & Industrial Services, LLC (“Ultrapure”) for $8,743 cash paid at closing. Ultrapure, based out of Texas, provides customers across multiple end markets with a variety of water treatment products and services, including service deionization, reverse osmosis, UV and ozonation. Ultrapure will strengthen the Company’s service capabilities in the Houston and Dallas markets and is a part of the Integrated Solutions and Services segment. During the six months ended March 31, 2021, the Company incurred approximately $229 in acquisition costs, which are included in General and administrative expense on the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations.
14


The accounting for the acquisition has not yet been completed because the Company has not finalized the valuations of the acquired assets, assumed liabilities and identifiable intangible assets, including goodwill. The preliminary opening balance sheet for Ultrapure is summarized as follows:
Current assets$2,366 
Property, plant and equipment963 
Goodwill2,545 
Intangible assets, net3,751 
Other non-current assets22 
Total assets acquired9,647 
Liabilities assumed(904)
Net assets acquired$8,743 
On March 1, 2021, the Company completed the divestiture of the Lange containment system, geomembrane and geosynthetic liner product line (the “Lange Product Line”) for $897 in cash at closing. The Lange Product Line was a part of the Integrated Solutions and Services segment. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company recognized a loss of $191 on the divestiture.
5. Revenue
Revenue Recognition
The Company recognizes sales of products and services based on the five-step analysis of transactions as provided in ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) (“Topic 606”). For all contracts with customers, the Company first identifies the contract which usually is established when the customer’s purchase order is accepted or acknowledged. Next the Company identifies the performance obligations in the contract. A performance obligation is a promise in a contract to transfer a distinct good or service to the customer. The Company then determines the transaction price in the arrangement and allocates the transaction price to each performance obligation identified in the contract. The Company’s allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations are based on the relative standalone selling prices for the goods and services contained in a particular performance obligation. The transaction price is adjusted for the Company’s estimate of variable consideration which may include discounts if the Company would fail to meet certain performance requirements, volume discounts or early payment discounts. To estimate variable consideration, the Company utilizes historical experience and known terms. Variable consideration in contracts for the three and six months ended March 31, 2021 was insignificant.
For sales of aftermarket parts or products with a low level of customization and engineering time, the Company recognizes revenue at the time risks and rewards of ownership pass, which is generally when products are shipped or delivered to the customer as the Company has no obligation for installation. The Company considers shipping and handling services to be fulfillment activities and as such they do not represent separate performance obligations for revenue recognition. Sales of service arrangements are recognized as the services are performed.
For certain arrangements where there is significant customization to the product and for long-term construction-type sales contracts, revenue may be recognized over time. In these instances, revenue is recognized using a measure of progress that applies an input method based on costs incurred in relation to total estimated costs. These arrangements include large capital water treatment projects, systems and solutions for municipal and industrial applications. The nature of the contracts is generally fixed price with milestone billings. In order for revenue to be recognized over a period of time, the product must have no alternative use and the Company must have an enforceable right to payment for the performance completed to date, including a normal profit margin, in the event of termination for convenience. If these two criteria are not met, revenue from these contracts will not be recognized until construction is complete. Contract revenue and cost estimates are reviewed and revised quarterly at a minimum and the cumulative effect of such adjustments are recognized in current operations. The amount of such adjustments has not been material.
The Company has made accounting policy elections to exclude all taxes by governmental authorities from the measurement of the transaction price and that long-term construction-type sales contracts, or those contracts for products
15


with significant customization that the total contract price is less than $100, will be recorded at the point in time when the construction is complete.
Performance Obligations

The Company elects to apply the practical expedient to exclude from this disclosure revenue related to performance obligations if the product has an alternative use and the Company does not have an enforceable right to payment for the performance completed to date, including a normal profit margin, in the event of termination for convenience. The Company maintains a backlog of confirmed orders, which totaled approximately $207,439 at March 31, 2021. This backlog represents the aggregate amount of the transaction price allocated to performance obligations that were unsatisfied or partially unsatisfied as of the end of the reporting period. The Company estimates that the majority of these performance obligations will be satisfied within the next twelve to twenty-four months.
The recording of assets recognized from the costs to obtain and fulfill customer contracts primarily relate to the deferral of sales commissions. The Company’s costs incurred to obtain or fulfill a contract with a customer are classified as non-current assets and amortized to expense over the period of benefit of the related revenue. These costs are recorded within Cost of product sales and services. The amount of contract costs was insignificant at March 31, 2021.
The Company offers standard warranties that generally do not represent a separate performance obligation. In certain instances, a warranty is obtained separately from the original equipment sale or the warranty provides incremental services and as such is treated as a separate performance obligation.
Disaggregation of Revenue
In accordance with Topic 606, the Company disaggregates revenue from contracts with customers into source of revenue, reportable operating segment and geographical regions. The Company determined that disaggregating revenue into these categories meets the disclosure objective in Topic 606, which is to depict how the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows are affected by economic factors.
Information regarding the source of revenue:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Six Months Ended
March 31,
2021202020212020
Revenue from contracts with customers recognized under Topic 606$297,919 $314,994 $583,107 $623,596 
Other (1)48,645 36,669 85,650 74,172 
Total$346,564 $351,663 $668,757 $697,768 
(1)     Other revenue relates to revenue recognized pursuant to ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), mainly attributable to long term rentals.
Information regarding revenue disaggregated by source of revenue and segment is as follows:

Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
Integrated Solutions and ServicesApplied Product TechnologiesTotalIntegrated Solutions and ServicesApplied Product TechnologiesTotal
Revenue from capital projects$52,093 $90,296 $142,389 $66,092 $75,214 $141,306 
Revenue from aftermarket32,501 27,576 60,077 31,901 32,762 64,663 
Revenue from service139,540 4,558 144,098 139,892 5,802 145,694 
Total$224,134 $122,430 $346,564 $237,885 $113,778 $351,663 

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Six Months Ended March 31,
20212020
Integrated Solutions and ServicesApplied Product TechnologiesTotalIntegrated Solutions and ServicesApplied Product TechnologiesTotal
Revenue from capital projects$102,719 $167,185 $269,904 $120,712 $150,140 $270,852 
Revenue from aftermarket59,647 52,930 112,577 61,574 70,103 131,677 
Revenue from service276,485 9,791 286,276 283,737 11,502 295,239 
Total$438,851 $229,906 $668,757 $466,023 $231,745 $697,768 
Information regarding revenue disaggregated by geographic area is as follows:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Six Months Ended
March 31,
2021202020212020
United States$274,681 $290,273 $538,812 $567,990 
Europe31,527 30,381 52,812 56,493 
Asia26,976 12,720 49,581 31,462 
Canada10,636 16,319 21,815 33,882 
Australia2,744 1,970 5,737 7,941 
Total$346,564 $351,663 $668,757 $697,768 
Contract Balances
The Company performs its obligations under a contract with a customer by transferring products and/or services in exchange for consideration from the customer. The Company receives payments from customers based on a billing schedule as established in its contracts.
Contract assets relate to costs incurred to perform in advance of scheduled billings. Contract liabilities relate to payments received in advance of performance under the contracts. Change in contract assets and liabilities are due to the Company’s performance under the contract.
The tables below provide a roll-forward of contract assets and contract liabilities balances for the periods presented:
Six Months Ended
March 31,
Contract assets (a)20212020
Balance at beginning of period$80,759 $73,467 
Recognized in current period147,593 172,228 
Reclassified to accounts receivable(153,964)(166,535)
Amounts related to sale of the Memcor product line2,710 
Foreign currency413 (621)
Balance at end of period$74,801 $81,249 
(a)     Excludes receivable balances which are disclosed on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
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Six Months Ended
March 31,
Contract Liabilities20212020
Balance at beginning of period$26,259 $39,051 
Recognized in current period158,452 157,114 
Amounts in beginning balance reclassified to revenue(20,703)(37,497)
Current period amounts reclassified to revenue(127,684)(124,194)
Amounts related to sale of the Memcor product line(700)
Foreign currency570 (83)
Balance at end of period$36,894 $33,691 
6. Fair Value Measurements
As of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, the fair values of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate carrying values due to the short maturity of these items.
The Company measures the fair value of pension plan assets and liabilities, deferred compensation plan assets and liabilities on a recurring basis pursuant to ASC Topic No. 820, Fair Value Measurement. ASC Topic No. 820 establishes a three‑tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. These tiers include:
Level 1: Quoted prices for identical instruments in active markets.
Level 2: Quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active; and model‑derived valuations whose inputs are observable or whose significant value driver is observable.
Level 3: Unobservable inputs in which little or no market data is available, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions.
The following table presents the Company’s financial assets and liabilities at fair value. The fair values related to the pension plan assets are determined using net asset value (“NAV”) as a practical expedient, or by information categorized in the fair value hierarchy level based on the inputs used to determine fair value. The reported carrying amounts of deferred compensation plan assets and liabilities and debt approximate their fair values. The Company uses interest rates and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving similar instruments to fair value these assets and liabilities, therefore all are classified as Level 2 within the valuation hierarchy.
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Net Asset ValueQuoted Market
Prices in Active
Markets (Level 1)
Significant Other
Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
Significant
Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
As of March 31, 2021
Assets:
Pension plan
Cash$— $655 $— $— 
Global Multi-Asset Fund14,814 — — — 
Government Securities2,293 — — — 
Liability Driven Investment5,754 — — — 
Guernsey Unit Trust2,241 — — — 
Global Absolute Return2,251 — — — 
Deferred compensation plan assets
Cash— 1,340 — — 
Mutual Funds— 17,790 — — 
Interest rate swap— — 5,631 — 
Foreign currency forward contracts— — 49 — 
Liabilities:
Pension plan— — (48,168)— 
Deferred compensation plan liabilities— — (23,058)— 
Long‑term debt— — (887,902)— 
Foreign currency forward contracts— — (166)— 
Earn-outs related to acquisitions— — — (295)
Option and Purchase Right— — — (7,739)
As of September 30, 2020
Assets:
Pension plan
Cash$— $15,061 $— $— 
Government Securities4,924 — — — 
Liability Driven Investment3,604 — — — 
Guernsey Unit Trust1,881 — — — 
Global Absolute Return2,060 — — — 
Deferred compensation plan assets
Trust Assets— 55 — — 
Insurance— — 19,804 — 
Foreign currency forward contracts— — 140 — 
Liabilities:
Pension plan— — (47,389)— 
Deferred compensation plan liabilities— — (21,439)— 
Long‑term debt— — (872,441)— 
Interest rate swap— — (4,669)— 
Foreign currency forward contracts— — (47)— 
Earn-outs related to acquisitions— — — (295)
Option and Purchase Right— — — (7,739)
The pension plan assets and liabilities and deferred compensation plan assets and liabilities are included in Other non‑current assets and Other non‑current liabilities at March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020.
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The Company records contingent consideration arrangements at fair value on a recurring basis and the associated balances presented as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020 are earn-outs related to acquisitions. The fair value of earn-outs related to acquisitions is based on significant unobservable inputs including the achievement of certain performance metrics. Significant changes in these inputs would result in corresponding increases or decreases in the fair value of the earn-out each period until the related contingency has been resolved. Changes in the fair value of the contingent consideration obligations can result from adjustments in the probability of achieving future development steps, sales targets and profitability and are recorded in General and administrative expenses in the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations. There were no changes in the fair value of earn-outs related to acquisitions during the three and six months ended March 31, 2021. As of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, earn-outs related to acquisitions totaled $295 and are included in Accrued expenses and other liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Pursuant to the acquisition of Frontier, the Company recorded a liability for the Option and Purchase Right to purchase the remaining 40% interest. The fair value of the options is based upon significant unobservable inputs including future earnings and other market factors. Significant changes in these inputs would result in corresponding increases or decreases in the fair value of the options each period until the purchase of the remaining interest has occurred. Changes in the fair value can result from earnings achieved over the passage of time and will be recorded in Interest expense in the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations. There were no changes in the fair value of the Option and Purchase Right recorded during the three and six months ended March 31, 2021. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Minority Owners exercised the Option, and on April 8, 2021 the Company completed the purchase of an additional 8% of the outstanding equity in Frontier for approximately $1,490. This amount was reclassified from Other non‑current liabilities to Accrued expenses and other liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheets during the three months ended March 31, 2021. As of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, $1,490 and $0, respectively, is included in Accrued expenses and other liabilities and $6,249 and $7,739, respectively, is included in Other non‑current liabilities related to the Option and Purchase Right on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
7. Accounts Receivable
All trade receivables are reported on the Consolidated Balance Sheets at the outstanding principal amount adjusted for any allowance for credit losses and any charge offs. The Company provides an allowance for credit losses to reduce trade receivables to their estimated net realizable value equal to the amount that is expected to be collected. This allowance is estimated based on historical collection experience, the aging of receivables, specific current and expected future macro-economic and market conditions, and assessments of the current creditworthiness and economic status of customers. The Company considers a receivable delinquent if it is unpaid after the term of the related invoice has expired. Write‑offs are recorded at the time all collection efforts have been exhausted. The Company reviews its allowance for credit losses on a quarterly basis.
Accounts receivable are summarized as follows:
March 31,
2021
September 30,
2020
Accounts receivable$231,227 $264,536 
Allowance for credit losses(3,884)(4,057)
Receivables, net$227,343 $260,479 
The movement in the allowance for credit losses was as follows for the six months ended March 31, 2021:
Balance at September 30, 2020$(4,057)
Charged to costs and expenses(12)
Write-offs209 
Foreign currency and other(24)
Balance at March 31, 2021$(3,884)
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8. Inventories
The major classes of Inventories, net are as follows:
March 31,
2021
September 30,
2020
Raw materials and supplies$82,065 $78,319 
Work in progress19,497 15,654 
Finished goods and products held for resale61,918 56,435 
Costs of unbilled projects4,143 3,438 
Reserves for excess and obsolete(10,836)(11,467)
Inventories, net$156,787 $142,379 
9. Property, Plant, and Equipment
Property, plant, and equipment consists of the following:
March 31,
2021
September 30,
2020
Machinery and equipment$376,831 $357,650 
Rental equipment236,469 221,953 
Land and buildings69,541 70,245 
Construction in process53,324 48,325 
736,165 698,173 
Less: accumulated depreciation(364,297)(333,712)
$371,868 $364,461 
The Company entered into secured financing agreements that require providing a security interest in specified equipment. As of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, the gross and net amounts of those assets are as follows:
March 31,
2021
September 30,
2020
GrossNetGrossNet
Machinery and equipment$68,578 $55,023 $63,305 $52,620 
Construction in process15,140 15,140 8,098 8,098 
$83,718 $70,163 $71,403 $60,718 
Depreciation expense and maintenance and repairs expense for the three and six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 were as follows:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Six Months Ended
March 31,
2021202020212020
Depreciation expense$18,769 $18,185 $37,280 $35,488 
Maintenance and repair expense4,754 5,249 9,962 11,314 
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10. Goodwill
Changes in the carrying amount of goodwill are as follows:
Integrated Solutions and ServicesApplied Product TechnologiesTotal
Balance at September 30, 2020$224,381 $172,824 $397,205 
Business combinations and divestitures5,988 5,988 
Measurement period adjustment(3,485)(3,485)
Foreign currency translation2,565 2,120 4,685 
Balance at March 31, 2021$229,449 $174,944 $404,393 
As of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, $155,704 and $153,004, respectively, of goodwill was deductible for tax purposes.
11. Debt
Long‑term debt consists of the following:
March 31,
2021
September 30,
2020
First Lien Term Loan, due December 20, 2024 (1)$814,538 $819,276 
First Lien Credit Agreement Revolving Credit Facility (1)
Equipment Financing, due April 30, 2021 to July 5, 2029, interest rates ranging from 3.25% to 8.07%74,382 63,918 
Notes Payable, due July 31, 2023507 611 
Mortgage (2)1,665 
Total debt889,427 885,470 
Less unamortized deferred financing fees(8,392)(9,436)
Total net debt881,035 876,034 
Less current portion(21,343)(14,339)
Total long‑term debt$859,692 $861,695 
(1)On April 1, 2021, the Company paid off the outstanding balance of the First Lien Term Loan (as defined below) and entered into the 2021 Credit Agreement (as defined below). See Note 23, “Subsequent Events” for further discussion.
(2)In November 2020, the Company paid off the outstanding balance of the mortgage due June 30, 2028.
Term Facilities and Revolving Credit Facility
On January 15, 2014, EWT III entered into a First Lien Credit Agreement (as modified, amended or supplemented from time to time, the “Credit Agreement”) and a Second Lien Credit Agreement among EWT III, EWT II, the lenders party thereto and Credit Suisse AG as administrative agent and collateral agent. The term loans outstanding under the Second Lien Credit Agreement were prepaid on October 28, 2016. The Credit Agreement also makes available to the Company a revolving credit facility (the “Revolver”) of up to $125,000, with a letter of credit sublimit of up to $45,000. The term loans outstanding under the Credit Agreement (the “First Lien Term Loan”) mature on December 20, 2024, and the Revolver matures on December 20, 2022.
The Company makes quarterly principal payments of $2,369. At March 31, 2021, the interest rate on borrowings was 2.61%, comprised of 0.11% LIBOR plus the 2.50% spread.
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Deferred financing fees related to the First Lien Term Loan were included as a contra liability to debt on the Consolidated Balance Sheets as follows:
March 31,
2021
September 30,
2020
Current portion of deferred financing fees (1)$(2,147)$(2,112)
Long-term portion of deferred financing fees (2)(6,245)(7,324)
Total deferred financing fees$(8,392)$(9,436)
(1)Included in Current portion of debt, net of deferred financing fees on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(2)Included in Long-term debt, net of deferred financing fees on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Amortization of deferred financing fees included in interest expense were $518 and $421 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively and $1,044 and $936 for the six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
The following summarizes the Company’s outstanding borrowings under the Revolver and outstanding letters of credit as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, respectively.
March 31,
2021
September 30,
2020
Borrowing availability under the Revolver$125,000 $125,000 
Outstanding borrowings under the Revolver
Outstanding letters of credit under the Revolver11,904 12,963 
Unused amounts under the Revolver$113,096 $112,037 
Additional letters of credit under a separate arrangement$33 $52 
The Credit Agreement contains limitations on incremental borrowings, is subject to leverage ratios and allows for optional prepayments. Under certain circumstances, the Company may be required to remit excess cash flows as defined based upon exceeding certain leverage ratios. The Company did not exceed such ratios during the six months ended March 31, 2021, does not anticipate exceeding such ratios during the year ending September 30, 2021, and therefore does not anticipate any additional repayments during the year ending September 30, 2021.
Equipment Financings
During the six months ended March 31, 2021, the Company completed the following equipment financings:
Date EnteredDueFixed
Interest Rate
Principal Amount
March 31, 2021March 31, 20283.85 %$3,630 
March 31, 2021
April 30, 2021 (1)
3.25 %2,559
December 31, 2020
April 30, 2021 (1)
3.25 %3,899
December 30, 2020December 30, 20273.73 %3,905
$13,993 
(1)    Represents an advance received from the lender in which the Company is making interest only payments. The Company may convert to a term loan financing for eight years at any time through June 30, 2021.
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Repayment Schedule
Aggregate maturities of all long‑term debt, including current portion of long‑term debt and excluding finance lease obligations as of March 31, 2021, are presented below:
Fiscal Year
Remainder of 2021$14,982 
202217,293 
202317,598 
2024797,448 
20258,081 
Thereafter34,025 
Total$889,427 
12. Derivative Financial Instruments
Interest Rate Risk Management
The Company is subject to market risk exposure arising from changes in interest rates on the senior secured credit facilities, which bear interest at rates that are indexed against LIBOR. The Company’s objectives in using interest rate derivatives are to add stability to interest expense and to mitigate its exposure to rising interest rates. To accomplish these objectives, on May 22, 2020, the Company entered into an interest rate swap to mitigate risks associated with variable rate debt. The interest rate swap became effective on June 30, 2020, has a term of five years to hedge the variability of interest payments on the first $500,000 of the Company’s senior secured debt and fixes the LIBOR rate on this portion of the senior secured debt at 0.55%. The interest rate swap has been designated as a cash flow hedge and unrealized gains or losses, net of income tax, are recorded as a component of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (“AOCI”) on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. As interest payments are made, the realized gain or loss on the payments is recorded in Interest expense on the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Foreign Currency Risk Management
The Company’s functional currency is the U.S. dollar. By operating internationally, the Company is subject to foreign currency risk from transactions denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar (“foreign currencies”). To mitigate cross-currency transaction risk, the Company analyzes significant exposures where it has receipts or payments in a currency other than the functional currency of its operations, and from time to time may strategically enter into short-term foreign currency forward contracts to lock in some or all of the cash flows associated with these transactions. The Company is also subject to currency translation risk associated with converting the foreign operations’ financial statements into U.S. dollars. The Company uses foreign currency derivative contracts in order to manage the effect of exchange fluctuations on forecasted sales and purchases that are denominated in foreign currencies. To mitigate the impact of foreign exchange rate risk, the Company entered into a series of forward contracts designated as cash flow hedges. As of March 31, 2021, the notional amount of the forward contracts held to sell foreign currencies was $8,866.
Credit Risk Management
The counterparties to the Company’s derivative contracts are highly-rated financial institutions. The Company regularly reviews the creditworthiness of its financial counterparties and fully expects the counterparties to perform under their respective agreements. The Company is not subject to any obligations to post collateral under derivative instrument contracts. The Company records all derivative instruments on a gross basis in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. Accordingly, there are no offsetting amounts that net assets against liabilities.
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Derivatives Designated as Cash Flow Hedges
The Company accounts for derivatives and hedging activities in accordance with ASC Topic No. 815, Derivatives and Hedging (“Topic No. 815”). As required by Topic No. 815, the Company records all derivatives on the balance sheet at fair value and adjusts to market on a quarterly basis. The Company’s interest rate swap is valued based on readily-observable market inputs, such as quotations on interest rates and LIBOR yield curves at the reporting date. The Company’s foreign currency forward contracts are valued based on quoted forward foreign exchange prices and spot rates at the reporting date. For a derivative that is designated as a cash flow hedge, changes in the fair value of the derivative are recognized in AOCI until the hedged item affects earnings. The Company does not use derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.
The following represents the fair value recorded for derivatives designated as cash flow hedges for the periods presented:
Asset Derivatives
Balance Sheet LocationMarch 31,
2021
September 30,
2020
Interest rate swapPrepaid and other current assets$5,631 $
Foreign currency forward contractsPrepaid and other current assets35 133 
Liability Derivative
Balance Sheet LocationMarch 31,
2021
September 30,
2020
Interest rate swapAccrued expenses and other current liabilities$$4,669 
Foreign currency forward contractsAccrued expenses and other current liabilities158 47 
The following represents the amount of gain (loss) recognized in AOCI (net of tax) during the periods presented:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Six Months Ended
March 31,
2021202020212020
Interest rate swap$8,811 $$9,268 $
Interest rate cap15 
Foreign currency forward contracts(335)(179)(332)(160)
The following represents the amount of (loss) gain on foreign currency forward contracts reclassified from AOCI into earnings during the periods presented:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Six Months Ended
March 31,
Location of (Loss) Gain2021202020212020
Cost of product sales and services$(13)$(6)$(13)$(6)
General and administrative expense(40)(24)(72)$30 
Selling and marketing expense(39)28 (39)28 
Interest expense(523)(1,033)
$(615)$(2)$(1,157)$52 
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Based on the fair value amounts of the Company’s cash flow hedges at March 31, 2021, the Company expects that approximately $113 of pre-tax net losses will be reclassified from AOCI into earnings during the next twelve months. The amount ultimately realized, however, will differ as exchange rates vary and the underlying contracts settle.
Derivatives Not Designated as Cash Flow Hedges
The following represents the fair value recorded for derivatives not designated as cash flow hedges for the periods presented:
Asset Derivatives
Balance Sheet LocationMarch 31,
2021
September 30,
2020
Foreign currency forward contractsPrepaid and other current assets$14 $
Liability Derivatives
Balance Sheet LocationMarch 31,
2021
September 30,
2020
Foreign currency forward contractsAccrued expenses and other current liabilities$$
13. Product Warranties
A reconciliation of the activity related to the accrued warranty, including both the current and long‑term portions, is as follows:
Current Product WarrantiesNon-Current Product Warranties
Six Months Ended
March 31,
Six Months Ended
March 31,
2021202020212020
Balance at beginning of the period$6,115 $4,922 $1,724 $2,332 
Warranty provision for sales2,188 1,892 714 62 
Settlement of warranty claims(1,699)(2,567)(471)(1,248)
Amounts related to sale of the Memcor product line795 135 
Foreign currency translation and other110 65 22 (120)
Balance at end of the period$6,714 $5,107 $1,989 $1,161 
14. Restructuring and Related Charges
To better align its resources with its growth strategies and reduce its cost structure, the Company commits to various restructuring plans as necessary. The Company has undertaken various restructuring initiatives, including undertaking activities to reduce the cost structure and rationalize location footprint following the sale of the Memcor product line, transitioning from a 3-segment structure to a 2-segment operating model designed to better serve the needs of customers worldwide, and various initiatives within the Integrated Solutions and Services segment to drive efficiency and effectiveness in certain divisions.
The Company currently expects to incur approximately $2,000 to $3,000 of costs through the remainder of fiscal 2021 related to restructuring charges following the sale of the Memcor product line. The Company currently expects to incur approximately $500 to $700 of cash costs through the remainder of fiscal 2021 as a result of its transition to a two-segment operating model related to other non-employee related business optimizations. The Company currently expects to incur approximately $500 to $1,000 of costs through the remainder of fiscal 2021 related to the restructuring within certain divisions of the Integrated Solutions and Services segment.
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The table below sets forth the amounts accrued for the restructuring components and related activity:
Six Months Ended
March 31,
20212020
Balance at beginning of the period$970 $655 
Restructuring charges following the sale of the Memcor product line3,8083,659 
Restructuring charges related to two-segment realignment5621,233 
Restructuring charges related to other initiatives1,444780
Release of prior reserves(283)(62)
Write off charges(966)
Cash payments(4,359)(5,831)
Other adjustments0
Balance at end of the period$1,185 $434 
The balances for accrued restructuring liabilities at March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, are recorded in Accrued expenses and other liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. Restructuring charges primarily represent severance charges and other employee costs, fixed asset write-offs and certain relocation expenses. The Company expects to pay the remaining amounts accrued as of March 31, 2021 during the remainder of fiscal 2021.
The table below sets forth the location of amounts recorded above on the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations:
Six Months Ended
March 31,
20212020
Cost of product sales and services$3,428 $3,765 
General and administrative expense1,089 1,760 
Sales and marketing expense340 62 
Research and development expense(16)23 
Other operating expense, net690 
$5,531 $5,610 
The Company continues to evaluate restructuring activities that may result in additional charges in the future.
15. Employee Benefit Plans
The Company maintains multiple employee benefit plans.
Certain of the Company’s employees in the UK were participants in a Siemens defined benefit plan established for employees of a UK-based operation acquired by Siemens in 2004. The plan was frozen with respect to future service credits for active employees, however the benefit formula recognized future compensation increases. The Company agreed to establish a replacement defined benefit plan, with the assets of the Siemens scheme transferring to the new scheme on April 1, 2015.
The Company’s employees in Germany also participate in a defined benefit plan. Assets equaling the plan’s accumulated benefit obligation were transferred to a German defined benefit plan sponsored by the Company upon the acquisition of EWT from Siemens. The German entity also sponsors a defined benefit plan for a small group of employees located in France.
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The components of net periodic benefit cost for the plans were as follows:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Six Months Ended
March 31,
2021202020212020
Service cost$287 $259 $571 $520 
Interest cost80 68 159 136 
Expected return on plan assets(87)(29)(174)(59)
Amortization of actuarial losses110 235 374 471 
Pension expense for defined benefit plans$390 $533 $930 $1,068 
The components of pension expense, other than the service cost component which is included in General and administrative expense, are included in the line item Other operating expense in the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations.
16. Income Taxes
The income tax provision for interim periods is comprised of tax on ordinary income (loss) provided at the most recent projected annual effective tax rate (“PAETR”), adjusted for the tax effect of discrete items. Management estimates the PAETR each quarter based on the forecasted annual pretax income or (loss). The Company is required to reduce deferred tax assets by a valuation allowance if, based on all available evidence, it is considered more likely than not that some portion or all of the benefit of the deferred tax assets will not be realized in future periods. The Company also records the income tax impact of certain discrete, unusual or infrequently occurring items including changes in judgment about valuation allowances and effects of changes in tax laws or rates, in the interim period in which they occur.
When a company maintains a valuation allowance in a particular jurisdiction, no net deferred income tax expense or (benefit) will typically be provided. Jurisdictions with projected income that maintain a valuation allowance typically will form part of the PAETR calculation discussed above. However, jurisdictions with a projected loss for the year that maintain a valuation allowance are excluded from the PAETR calculation. Instead, the income tax for these jurisdictions is computed separately.
The actual year-to-date income tax expense (benefit) is the product of the most current PAETR and the actual year-to-date pretax income (loss) adjusted for any discrete tax items. The income tax expense (benefit) for a particular quarter, except for the first quarter, is the difference between the year-to-date calculation of income tax expense (benefit) and the year-to-date calculation for the prior quarter. Items unrelated to current period ordinary income or (loss) are recognized entirely in the period identified as a discrete item of tax. Discrete items generally relate to changes in tax laws, adjustments to prior period’s actual liability determined upon filing tax returns, and adjustments to previously recorded reserves for uncertain tax positions, initially recording or fully reversing valuation allowances. The inclusion of discrete items in a particular quarter can cause the actual effective rate for that quarter to vary significantly from the PAETR.
Therefore, the actual effective income tax rate for a particular quarter can vary significantly based upon the jurisdictional mix and timing of actual earnings compared to projected annual earnings, permanent items, earnings for those jurisdictions that maintain a valuation allowance, tax associated with jurisdictions excluded from the PAETR calculation and discrete items.
Annual Effective Tax Rate
The PAETR, which excludes the impact of discrete items, was 14.6% and 4.5% as of the six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. For the six months ended March 31, 2021, the PAETR was lower than the U.S federal statutory rate of 21.0% primarily due to the impact of maintaining a U.S. valuation allowance provided on U.S. deferred tax assets and is higher than the prior year’s rate which included the impact of the sale of the Memcor product line, and the impact on deferred tax liabilities related to indefinite lived intangibles, a portion of which was reversed in relation to the sale of the Memcor product line.
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The Company continues to maintain a full valuation allowance on U.S. federal and state net deferred tax assets (excluding the tax effects of deferred tax liabilities associated with indefinite lived intangibles) for the period ending March 31, 2021 as a result of pretax losses incurred since the Company’s inception in early 2014. The Company reported positive pre-tax earnings for the first time in 2017 and again in 2020 and is projecting positive pre-tax earnings in 2021, however, the Company generated pre-tax losses in all other years. The Company was in a three-year cumulative loss position at September 30, 2019, but was no longer in a three-year cumulative loss position at September 30, 2020. The Company believes it is prudent to retain a valuation allowance until a more consistent pattern of earnings is established and net operating loss carryforwards begin to be utilized.
Current and Prior Period Tax Expense
For the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company recognized income tax expense of $2,701 on pretax income of $7,783. The rate of 34.7% differed from the U.S. statutory rate of 21.0% principally due to the unfavorable impact of discrete items related to an adjustment for prior periods and recording an uncertain tax position related to a tax audit in a foreign jurisdiction which were partially offset by the impact of maintaining a U.S. valuation allowance against U.S. deferred tax assets.
For the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recognized an income tax benefit of $7 on pretax income of $7,903. The rate of 0.09% differed from the U.S. statutory rate of 21.0% principally due to the gain on the sale of the Memcor product line which did not generate significant tax expense due to the combination of the U.S. valuation allowance and favorable foreign tax regimes, as well as the favorable impact of the reversal of a portion of deferred tax liabilities related to indefinite lived intangibles.
For the six months ended March 31, 2021, the Company recognized income tax expense of $3,785 on pretax income of $15,344. The rate of 24.7% differed from the statutory rate of 21.0% principally due to the unfavorable impact of discrete items related to an adjustment for prior periods and recording an uncertain tax position related to a tax audit in a foreign jurisdiction which were partially offset by the impact of maintaining a U.S. valuation allowance against U.S. deferred tax assets.
For the six months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recognized income tax expense of $2,596 on pretax income of $64,012. The rate of 4.06% differed from the statutory rate of 21.0% principally due to the gain on the sale of the Memcor product line which did not generate significant tax expense due to the combination of the U.S. valuation allowance and favorable foreign tax regimes, as well as the favorable impact of the reversal of a portion of deferred tax liabilities related to indefinite lived intangibles.
At March 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company had gross unrecognized tax benefits of $1,752 and $1,309 respectively.
17. Share-Based Compensation
The Company designs equity compensation plans to attract and retain employees while also aligning employees’ interests with the interests of the Company’s shareholders. In addition, members of the Company’s Board of Directors (the “Board”) participate in equity compensation plans in connection with their service on the Board.

The Company established the Evoqua Water Technologies Corp. Stock Option Plan (the “Stock Option Plan”) shortly after the acquisition date of January 16, 2014. The plan allows certain management employees and the Board to purchase shares in the Company. Under the Stock Option Plan, the number of shares available for award was 11,083. As of March 31, 2021, there were approximately 2,177 shares available for future grants, however, the Company does not currently intend to make additional grants under the Stock Option Plan.    
In connection with the IPO, the Board adopted, and the Company’s shareholders approved, the Evoqua Water Technologies Corp. 2017 Equity Incentive Plan (the “Equity Incentive Plan”), under which equity awards may be granted in the form of options, restricted stock, restricted stock units, stock appreciation rights, dividend equivalent rights, share awards and performance-based awards (including performance share units and performance-based restricted stock). Upon adoption of the Equity Incentive Plan, 5,100 shares of common stock of the Company were reserved for issuance thereunder. On February 18, 2020, the Company’s shareholders approved the amendment and restatement of
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the Equity Incentive Plan in order to increase the number of shares of common stock reserved for issuance thereunder by 5,000 shares and incorporate other changes. As of March 31, 2021, there were approximately 4,990 shares available for grants under the Equity Incentive Plan.

Option awards are granted at various times during the year, vest ratably at 25% per year, and are exercisable at the time of vesting. The options granted have a ten-year contractual term.

A summary of the stock option activity as of March 31, 2021 is presented below:
(In thousands, except per share amounts)OptionsWeighted Average Exercise Price/ShareWeighted Average Remaining Contractual TermAggregate Intrinsic Value
Outstanding at September 30, 20207,430 $10.30 5.9 years$83,152 
Granted611 24.76 
Exercised(2,185)6.04 
Forfeited(7)19.20 
Outstanding at March 31, 20215,849 $13.39 6.4 years$75,542 
Options exercisable at March 31, 20213,857 $9.62 5.2 years$64,333 
Options vested and expected to vest at March 31, 20215,774 $13.25 6.3 years$75,349 
The total intrinsic value of options exercised (which is the amount by which the stock price exceeded the exercise price of the options on the date of exercise) during the six months ended March 31, 2021 was $43,564.
    
A summary of the status of the Company's non-vested stock options as of and for the six months ended March 31, 2021 is presented below.
(In thousands, except per share amounts)SharesWeighted Average Grant Date Fair Value/Share
Nonvested at beginning of period2,166 $5.56 
Granted611 8.98 
Vested(778)5.56 
Forfeited(7)6.47 
Nonvested at end of period1,992 $6.60 
The total fair value of options vested during the six months ended March 31, 2021, was $4,326.

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Restricted Stock Units
The following is a summary of the RSU activity for the six months ended March 31, 2021.
(In thousands, except per share amounts)SharesWeighted Average Grant Date Fair Value/Share
Outstanding at September 30, 2020750 $17.86 
Granted494 24.69 
Vested(234)17.64 
Forfeited(3)18.85 
Cancelled(7)21.22 
Outstanding at March 31, 20211,000 $21.26 
Expected to vest at March 31, 2021948 $21.11 
Expense Measurement and Recognition
The Company recognizes share-based compensation for all currently outstanding awards and, in future periods, will recognize compensation costs for the unvested portion of awards based on grant date fair values. Total share-based compensation expense was $3,214 and $2,326 during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, of which $3,214 and $2,304 was non-cash, respectively. Total share-based compensation expense was $6,290 and $6,017 during the six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, of which $6,233 and $5,984 was non-cash, respectively. The unrecognized compensation expense related to stock options and RSUs was $11,897 and $19,110, respectively at March 31, 2021, and is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.5 years and 2.6 years, respectively. The Company received $13,430 from the exercise of stock options during the six months ended March 31, 2021.

Employee Stock Purchase Plan    
Effective October 1, 2018, the Company implemented an employee stock purchase plan (the “ESPP”) which allows employees to purchase shares of the Company’s stock at 85% of the lower of the fair market value on the first day of the applicable offering period or on the last business day of a six-month purchase period within the offering period. These purchases are offered twice throughout each fiscal year, and are paid by employees through payroll deductions over the respective six month purchase period, at the end of which the stock is transferred to the employees. On December 21, 2018, the Company registered 11,297 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of which 5,000 are available for future issuance under the ESPP. During the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company incurred compensation expense of $187 and $35, respectively, in salaries and wages with respect to the ESPP, representing the fair value of the discounted price of the shares. During the six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company incurred compensation expense of $403 and $74, respectively. These amounts are included in the total share-based compensation expense above. On October 2, 2020 and April 1, 2021, 120 and 62 shares, respectively, were issued under the ESPP plan.
18. Concentration of Credit Risk
The Company’s cash and cash equivalents and accounts receivable are potentially subject to concentration of credit risk. Cash and cash equivalents are placed with financial institutions that management believes are of high credit quality. Accounts receivable are derived from revenue earned from customers located in the U.S. and internationally and generally do not require collateral. The Company’s trade receivables do not represent a significant concentration of credit risk at March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020 due to the wide variety of customers and markets into which products are sold and their dispersion across geographic areas. The Company does perform ongoing credit evaluations of its customers and maintains an allowance for potential credit losses on trade receivables. As of and for the three and six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, no customer accounted for more than 10% of net sales or net accounts receivable.
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The Company operates predominantly in 10 countries worldwide and provides a wide range of proven product brands and advanced water and wastewater treatment technologies, mobile and emergency water supply solutions and service contract options through its Integrated Solutions and Services and Applied Product Technologies segments. The Company is a multi-national business but its sales and operations are primarily in the U.S. Sales to unaffiliated customers are based on the Company locations that maintain the customer relationship and transact the external sale.
19. Commitments and Contingencies
Guarantees
From time to time, the Company is required to provide letters of credit, bank guarantees, or surety bonds in support of its commitments and as part of the terms and conditions on water treatment projects.  In addition, the Company is required to provide letters of credit or surety bonds to the Department of Environmental Protection or equivalent in some states in order to maintain its licenses to handle toxic substances at certain of its water treatment facilities.
These financial instruments typically expire after all Company commitments have been met, a period typically ranging from twelve months to ten years, or more in some circumstances.  The letters of credit, bank guarantees, or surety bonds are arranged through major banks or insurance companies. In the case of surety bonds, the Company generally indemnifies the issuer for all costs incurred if a claim is made against the bond. 
The following summarizes the Company’s outstanding letters of credit and surety bonds as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, respectively.
March 31,
2021
September 30,
2020
Revolving credit capacity$45,000 $45,000 
Letters of credit outstanding11,904 12,963 
Remaining revolving credit capacity$33,096 $32,037 
Surety capacity$250,000 $230,000 
Surety issuances147,565 152,990 
Remaining surety available$102,435 $77,010 
The longest maturity date of letters of credit and surety bonds in effect as of March 31, 2021 was March 20, 2030.
Litigation
From time to time, as a normal incident of the nature and kind of business in which the Company is engaged, various claims or charges are asserted and litigation is commenced against it arising from or related to: product liability; personal injury; trademarks, trade secrets or other intellectual property; shareholder disputes; labor and employee disputes; commercial or contractual disputes; breach of warranty; or environmental matters. Claimed amounts may be substantial but may not bear any reasonable relationship to the merits of the claim or the extent of any real risk of court or arbitral awards. While it is not feasible to predict the outcome of these matters with certainty, and some lawsuits, claims or proceedings may be disposed or decided unfavorably, the Company does not expect that any asserted or un-asserted legal claims or proceedings, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on its results of operations, or financial condition.
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20. Accrued Expenses and Other Liabilities
Accrued expenses and other liabilities consisted of the following:
March 31,
2021
September 30,
2020
Salaries, wages and other benefits$59,245 $67,766 
Obligation under operating leases13,119 12,767 
Obligation under finance leases11,869 11,362 
Third party commissions9,192 9,270 
Taxes, other than income3,939 5,316 
Insurance liabilities3,760 3,954 
Provisions for litigation2,072 2,580 
Frontier Option liability1,490 
Severance payments1,185 970 
Earn-outs related to acquisitions295 295 
Fair value of liability derivatives166 4,716 
Other28,360 24,393 
$134,692 $143,389 
21. Business Segments
The Company’s reportable operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise about which separate financial information is available that is evaluated on a regular basis by the chief operating decision maker, or decision making group, in deciding how to allocate resources to an individual segment and in assessing performance. The key factors used to identify these reportable operating segments are the organization and alignment of the Company’s internal operations, the nature of the products and services, and customer type.
The Company has 2 reportable operating segments, Integrated Solutions and Services and Applied Product Technologies. The business segments are described as follows:
Integrated Solutions and Services is a group entirely focused on engaging directly with end users through direct sales with a market vertical focus. Integrated Solutions and Services provides tailored services and solutions in collaboration with the customers backed by life‑cycle services including on‑demand water, outsourced water, recycle / reuse and emergency response service alternatives to improve operational reliability, performance and environmental compliance. Key offerings within this segment also include equipment systems for industrial needs (influent water, boiler feed water, ultrahigh purity, process water, wastewater treatment and recycle / reuse), full-scale outsourcing of operations and maintenance, and municipal services, including odor and corrosion control services.
Applied Product Technologies is focused on developing product platforms to be sold primarily through third party channels. This segment primarily engages in indirect sales through independent sales representatives, distributors and aftermarket channels. Applied Product Technologies provides a range of highly differentiated and scalable products and technologies specified by global water treatment designers, original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”), engineering firms and integrators. Key offerings within this segment include filtration and separation, disinfection, wastewater solutions, anode and electrochlorination technology and aquatics technologies and solutions for the global recreational and commercial pool market.
Corporate activities include general corporate expenses, elimination of inter-segment transactions, interest income and expense and certain other charges. Certain other charges may include restructuring and other business transformation charges that have been undertaken to align and reposition the Company to the current reporting structure, acquisition related costs (including transaction costs and certain integration costs) and share-based compensation charges. 
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Since certain administrative and other operating expenses and other items have not been allocated to business segments, the results in the below table are not necessarily a measure computed in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and may not be comparable to other companies.
Reportable operating segment revenue and operating profit for the three and six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 were as follows:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Six Months Ended
March 31,
2021202020212020
Total revenue
Integrated Solutions and Services$228,203 $240,824 $444,956 $472,624 
Applied Product Technologies146,107 129,424 269,688 267,953 
Total revenue374,310 370,248 714,644 740,577 
Intersegment revenue
Integrated Solutions and Services4,069 2,939 6,105 6,601 
Applied Product Technologies23,677 15,646 39,782 36,208 
Total intersegment revenue27,746 18,585 45,887 42,809 
Revenue to external customers
Integrated Solutions and Services224,134 237,885 438,851 466,023 
Applied Product Technologies122,430 113,778 229,906 231,745 
Total revenue$346,564 $351,663 $668,757 $697,768 
Operating profit (loss)
Integrated Solutions and Services$30,784 $36,695 $57,141 $69,849 
Applied Product Technologies18,103 23,750 31,483 86,892 
Corporate(32,709)(39,290)(56,212)(65,894)
Total operating profit16,178 21,155 32,412 90,847 
Interest expense(8,395)(13,252)(17,068)(26,835)
Income before income taxes7,783 7,903 15,344 64,012 
Income tax (expense) benefit(2,701)(3,785)(2,596)
Net income$5,082 $7,910 $11,559 $61,416 
March 31,
2021
September 30,
2020
Assets
Integrated Solutions and Services$831,558 $835,307 
Applied Product Technologies612,320 598,701
Corporate435,921 410,450
Total assets$1,879,799 $1,844,458 
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22. Earnings Per Share
The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings from continuing operations per common share (in thousands, except per share amounts):
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Six Months Ended
March 31,
2021202020212020
Numerator:
Numerator for basic and diluted earnings per common share—Net income attributable to Evoqua Water Technologies Corp.$5,036 $7,812 $11,469 $60,957 
Denominator:
Denominator for basic net income per common share—weighted average shares118,882116,459118,882116,459
Effect of dilutive securities:
Share‑based compensation3,041 4,391 3,393 4,892 
Denominator for diluted net income per common share—adjusted weighted average shares121,923 120,850 122,275 121,351 
Basic earnings attributable to Evoqua Water Technologies Corp. per common share$0.04 $0.07 $0.10 $0.52 
Diluted earnings attributable to Evoqua Water Technologies Corp. per common share$0.04 $0.06 $0.09 $0.50 
23. Subsequent Events
2021 Credit Agreement
On April 1, 2021, EWT III entered into a Credit Agreement (the “2021 Credit Agreement”) among EWT III, as borrower, EWT II, as parent guarantor, the lenders from time to time party thereto, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent and collateral agent, and ING Capital, LLC, as sustainability coordinator. The 2021 Credit Agreement provides for a multi-currency senior secured revolving credit facility in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed the U.S. dollar equivalent of $350,000 (the “2021 Revolving Credit Facility”) and a discounted senior secured term loan facility relating to a term loan (the “2021 Term Loan”) in the amount of $475,000 (together with the 2021 Revolving Credit Facility, the “Senior Facilities”). The 2021 Credit Agreement also provides for a letter of credit sub-facility not to exceed $60,000. On April 1, 2021, EWT III borrowed the full amount of $475,000 under the 2021 Term Loan and $105,000 under the 2021 Revolving Credit Facility. The Senior Facilities are guaranteed by EWT II and certain existing and future direct or indirect wholly-owned domestic subsidiaries of EWT III (together with EWT III, collectively, the “Loan Parties”), and collateralized by a first lien on substantially all of the assets of the Loan Parties, with certain exceptions. The 2021 Term Loan matures on April 1, 2028 and requires quarterly principal payments of $1,188. Any amount owed under the 2021 Revolving Credit Facility will become due and payable in full on April 1, 2026.
The net proceeds of the Senior Facilities, together with the net proceeds of the Receivables Securitization Program (as defined below) and cash on hand, were used to repay all outstanding indebtedness, in an aggregate principal amount of approximately $814,538, under the Credit Agreement. The proceeds of the 2021 Revolving Credit Facility may also be used to finance or refinance the working capital and capital expenditures needs of EWT III and certain of its subsidiaries and for general corporate purposes.
As a result of the refinancing, the Company wrote off approximately $1,333 of deferred financing fees related to the First Lien Term Loan. In addition, the Company incurred approximately $4,985 of fees, of which approximately
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$1,931 were recorded as deferred financing fees on the Consolidated Balance Sheets and approximately $3,054 were expensed.
Receivables Securitization Program
On April 1, 2021, Evoqua Finance LLC (“Evoqua Finance”), an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, entered into an accounts receivable securitization program (the “Receivables Securitization Program”) consisting of, among other agreements, (i) a Receivables Financing Agreement (the “Receivables Financing Agreement”) among Evoqua Finance, as the borrower, the lenders from time to time party thereto (the “Receivables Financing Lenders”), PNC Bank, National Association (“PNC Bank”), as administrative agent, Evoqua Water Technologies LLC (“EWT LLC”), an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, as initial servicer, and PNC Capital Markets LLC (“PNC Markets”), as structuring agent, pursuant to which the lenders have made available to Evoqua Finance a receivables finance facility (the “Securitization Facility”) in an amount up to $150,000 and (ii) a Sale and Contribution Agreement (the “Sale Agreement”) among Evoqua Finance, as purchaser, EWT LLC, as initial servicer and as an originator, and Neptune Benson, Inc., an indirectly wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, as an originator (together with EWT LLC, the “Originators”). Under the Receivables Securitization Program, the Originators, pursuant to the Sale Agreement, are required to sell substantially all of their trade receivables and certain related rights to payment and obligations of the Originators with respect to such receivables (the “Receivables”) to Evoqua Finance, which, in turn, will obtain loans secured by the Receivables from the Receivables Financing Lenders pursuant to the Receivables Financing Agreement. On April 1, 2021, Evoqua Finance borrowed $142,200 under the Securitization Facility.
The Receivables Financing Lenders under the Receivables Securitization Program receive interest at LIBOR or LMIR as selected by Evoqua Finance. The Receivables Securitization Program matures on April 1, 2024. The Company incurred approximately $822 of fees related to the Receivables Securitization Program which were recorded as deferred financing fees on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Acquisition
On April 1, 2021, the Company acquired the assets of Water Consulting Specialists, Inc. (“WCSI”) for $12,025 cash paid at closing. WCSI is a leader in the design, manufacturing, and service of industrial high-purity water treatment systems. The acquisition strengthens the Company’s portfolio of high-purity water treatment systems and provides the opportunity to further expand its digitally enabled solutions and services in key industrial markets. WCSI is a part of the Integrated Solutions and Services segment.
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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of our operations should be read in conjunction with the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements, including the notes, included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Report”), and with our audited consolidated financial statements and the related notes thereto in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020, as filed with the SEC on November 20, 2020 (the “2020 Annual Report”). You should review the disclosures in Part I, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” in the 2020 Annual Report, as well as any cautionary language in this Report, for a discussion of important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results described in or implied by the forward-looking statements contained in the following discussion and analysis. Unless otherwise indicated or the context otherwise requires, all references to “the Company,” “Evoqua,” “Evoqua Water Technologies Corp.,” “we,” “us,” “our” and similar terms refer to Evoqua Water Technologies Corp., together with its consolidated subsidiaries. Unless otherwise specified, all dollar amounts in this section are referred to in millions.
Overview
We are a leading provider of mission-critical water and wastewater treatment solutions, offering a broad portfolio of products, services and expertise to support industrial, municipal and recreational customers who value water. With over 200,000 installations worldwide, we hold leading positions in the industrial, commercial and municipal water treatment markets. We are headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, with locations across ten countries. We have a comprehensive portfolio of differentiated, proprietary technologies offered under market‑leading and well‑established brands. Our core technologies are primarily focused on removing impurities from water, rather than neutralizing them through the addition of chemicals.
Our solutions are designed to provide our customers with the quantity and quality of water necessary to meet their unique specifications. We enable our customers to achieve lower costs through greater uptime, throughput and efficiency in their operations while supporting their regulatory compliance and environmental sustainability requirements. We deliver and maintain these mission critical solutions through our extensive North American service network, and we sell our products and technologies internationally through direct and indirect sales channels. We have worked to protect water, the environment and our employees for more than 100 years. As a result, we have earned a reputation for quality, safety and reliability around the world. Our employees are united by a common purpose: Transforming water. Enriching life.®
Our vision “to be the world’s first choice for water solutions” and our values of “integrity, customers, sustainable and performance” foster a culture that is focused on establishing a workforce that is enabled, empowered and accountable, creating a highly dynamic work environment.
We serve our customers through the following two segments:
Integrated Solutions and Services segment, which provides application-specific solutions and full lifecycle services for critical water and wastewater applications across numerous end markets, including on‑demand water, outsourced water, recycle and reuse and emergency response service alternatives to improve operational reliability, performance and environmental compliance; and
Applied Product Technologies segment, which provides a highly differentiated and scalable range of water and wastewater products and technologies that can be stand-alone or as components in integrated solutions to a diverse set of system specifiers, integrators, and end-users around the globe.
Our segments draw from the same reservoir of leading technologies, shared manufacturing infrastructure, common business processes and corporate philosophies. The key factors used to identify these reportable operating segments are the organization and alignment of our internal operations, the nature of the products and services and customer type. We expect to drive organic growth in our segments through market expansion, leveraging our existing customer base and recurring service model, innovation through new product technology development and a continuous focus on operational excellence. For a detailed discussion of our organic growth drivers, see our 2020 Annual Report.
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Recent Developments, Key Factors and Trends Affecting Our Business and Financial Statements
Our 2020 Annual Report includes a discussion of various key factors and trends that we believe have affected or may affect our operating results. The following discussion highlights recent developments, as well as significant changes in these key factors and trends.
Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Our business has been considered essential under federal and local standards, and we have maintained business continuity at our critical service branches and manufacturing facilities to date. We have taken measures throughout the duration of the pandemic to protect our employees, including implementation of remote working practices where possible and enhanced safety procedures for employees on site at our facilities and our customers’ facilities, as well as to manage our supply chain to ensure that necessary personal protective equipment is available to our personnel. These measures have resulted in additional incremental costs and reductions in service productivity. We have also taken certain cost reduction actions, some of which are temporary in nature, such as reduction of marketing and travel activity as well as deferment of headcount additions, to offset increased costs and preserve liquidity. The impact of these additional incremental costs, reductions in service productivity and cost reduction actions on our financial results during the three and six months ended March 31, 2021 is discussed in more detail in the discussion of our results of operations below.
In addition to the items described above, to date, the pandemic has negatively impacted volume across our business, due primarily to site access restrictions, temporary site closures, and temporary delays in annual maintenance activities by customers in certain end markets, as further discussed below in the discussion of our results of operations. We have continued to focus on collecting outstanding customer account balances, and, to date, we have not experienced any deterioration in collections from our customers. We continue to evaluate the impact of the pandemic on our business and how the economic downturn resulting from the pandemic might affect our customers’ willingness to make capital expenditures and our ability to collect from our customers.
For more information regarding factors and events that may impact our business, results of operations and financial condition as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, see “Risk Factors-Risks Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic” included in Item 1A. “Risk Factors” in the 2020 Annual Report.
Acquisitions and divestitures. On December 17, 2020, we acquired the industrial water business of Ultrapure & Industrial Services, LLC (“Ultrapure”) for $8.7 million cash paid at closing. Ultrapure, based out of Texas, provides customers across multiple end markets with a variety of water treatment products and services, including service deionization, reverse osmosis, UV and ozonation. Ultrapure will strengthen the Company’s service capabilities in the Houston and Dallas markets and is a part of the Integrated Solutions and Services segment. During the six months ended March 31, 2021, the Company incurred approximately $0.2 million in acquisition costs, which are included in General and administrative expense on the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations.
In addition, on March 1, 2021, we completed the divestiture of the Lange containment system, geomembrane and geosynthetic liner product line (the “Lange Product Line”) for $0.9 million in cash at closing. The Lange Product Line was a part of the Integrated Solutions and Services segment. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company recognized a loss of $0.2 million on the divestiture.
During the six months ended March 31, 2020, we completed the sale of the Memcor product line to DuPont de Nemours, Inc. The Company recognized a $49.0 million net pre-tax benefit on the sale of the Memcor product line, net of $8.3 million of discretionary compensation payments to employees in connection with the transaction and $1.0 million in transaction costs incurred in the six months ended March 31, 2020.
In addition, on October 1, 2019, we acquired a 60% investment position in San Diego-based Frontier Water Systems, LLC (“Frontier”) which included an agreement to purchase the remaining 40% interest in Frontier on or prior to March 30, 2024. This agreement gave holders of the remaining 40% interest in Frontier (the “Minority Owners”) the right to sell to Evoqua up to approximately 10% of the outstanding equity in Frontier at a predetermined price, which right was exercisable by the Minority Owners between January 1, 2021 and February 28, 2021 (the “Option”). During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Minority Owners exercised their Option, and on April 8, 2021 we completed the purchase of an additional 8% of the outstanding equity in Frontier for approximately $1.5 million. This amount was reclassified from Other non‑current liabilities to Accrued expenses and other liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheets during the three months ended March 31, 2021. As a result, our ownership position in Frontier increased to 68%.
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On April 1, 2021, subsequent to the end of the quarter, we acquired Water Consulting Specialists, Inc (“WCSI”) for $12.0 million cash paid at closing. WCSI is a leader in the design, manufacturing, and service of industrial high-purity water treatment systems. The acquisition strengthens the Company’s portfolio of high-purity water treatment systems and provides the opportunity to further expand its digitally enabled solutions and services in key industrial markets. WCSI is a part of the Integrated Solutions and Services segment.
We will continue to actively evaluate acquisition opportunities that are consistent with our business strategy. We maintain a robust pipeline of potential acquisition targets, developed by our management team as well as various outside industry experts and consultants.
Debt refinancing. On April 1, 2021, subsequent to the end of the quarter, we completed the refinancing of the term loan (the “First Lien Term Loan”) outstanding under our First Lien Credit Agreement dated January 15, 2014 (as modified, amended or supplemented from time to time, the “Credit Agreement”), among EWT Holdings III Corp. (“EWT III”), EWT Holdings II Corp. (“EWT II”), the lenders party thereto and Credit Suisse AG as administrative agent and collateral agent. On April 1, 2021, EWT III entered into a Credit Agreement (the “2021 Credit Agreement”) among EWT III, as borrower, EWT II, as parent guarantor, the lenders from time to time party thereto, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent and collateral agent, and ING Capital, LLC, as sustainability coordinator, which provides for (i) a senior secured term loan facility relating to a term loan (the “2021 Term Loan”) in the amount of $475.0 million maturing on April 1, 2028 and (ii) a multi-currency senior secured revolving credit facility in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed the U.S. dollar equivalent of $350.0 million (the “2021 Revolving Credit Facility”) maturing on April 1, 2026.
On April 1, 2021, subsequent to the end of the quarter, Evoqua Finance LLC (“Evoqua Finance”) entered into an accounts receivable securitization program (the “Receivables Securitization Program”) consisting of, among other agreements, (i) a Receivables Financing Agreement (the “Receivables Financing Agreement”) among Evoqua Finance, as the borrower, the lenders from time to time party thereto (the “Receivables Financing Lenders”), PNC Bank, National Association (“PNC Bank”), as administrative agent, Evoqua Water Technologies LLC (“EWT LLC”), an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, as initial servicer, and PNC Capital Markets LLC (“PNC Markets”), as structuring agent, pursuant to which the lenders have made available to Evoqua Finance a receivables finance facility (the “Securitization Facility”) in an amount up to $150.0 million maturing on April 1, 2024.
On April 1, 2021, we borrowed the full amount of $475.0 million under the 2021 Term Loan, $105.0 million under the 2021 Revolving Credit Facility and $142.2 million under the Securitization Facility. The net proceeds of these facilities, together with cash on hand, were used to repay all outstanding indebtedness under our previous Credit Agreement, in an aggregate principal amount of approximately $814.5 million. The reduction in the outstanding principal amount of our term loan of approximately $340.0 million was funded by draws on the 2021 Revolving Credit Facility, the Securitization Facility and $100.0 million of cash on hand. In addition to extending the maturities of our term loan and previous revolving credit facility, the refinancing reduced our weighted average cash borrowing cost and improved liquidity. See “Liquidity and Capital Resources” below for additional information.
How We Assess the Performance of Our Business
In assessing the performance of our business, we consider a variety of performance and financial measures. The key indicators of the financial condition and operating performance of our consolidated business are revenue, gross profit, gross margin, and net income (loss). Management utilizes these financial measures prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) when reviewing the Company’s performance and making financial, operational, and strategic decisions, and believes they are useful metrics for investors that help with performance comparability period over period. In addition, we consider certain non-GAAP financial measures such as adjusted EBITDA, as described more fully below. We evaluate our business segments’ operating results based on revenue, income from operations (“operating profit”) and adjusted EBITDA on a segment basis. We believe these financial measures are helpful in understanding and evaluating the segments’ core operating results and facilitates comparison of our performance on a consistent basis period over period.

Revenue
Our revenue is a function of sales volumes and selling prices. We report revenue by segment and by source which includes revenue from product sales (capital projects and aftermarket) and revenue from service. Revenue is used by management to evaluate the performance of our business. Inorganic revenue represents the impact from acquisitions
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and divestitures during the first 12 months following the closing of the acquisition or divestiture. Divestitures include sales of insignificant portions of our business that did not meet the criteria for classification as a discontinued operation. Organic revenue is defined as revenue excluding the impact of foreign currency translation and inorganic revenue. Management believes that reporting organic revenue provides useful information to investors by helping identify underlying growth trends in our core business and facilitating easier comparisons of our revenue performance with prior and future periods and to our peers. We exclude the effect of foreign currency translation from organic sales because foreign currency translation is not under management’s control, is subject to volatility and can obscure underlying business trends. We exclude the effect of acquisitions and divestitures because they can obscure underlying business trends and make comparisons of long-term performance difficult between the Company and its peers due to the varying nature, size and number of transactions from period to period. See “Non-GAAP Disclosures” in Item 2 of this Report for a reconciliation of organic revenue.

Gross profit and gross margin

Gross profit is determined by subtracting cost of product sales and cost of services from our product and services revenue. Gross margin measures gross profit as a percentage of our combined product and services revenue. Gross profit and gross margin provide a comparable metric to help investors evaluate the cost efficiency and ability of the Company to convert revenue to profit.

Net income (loss)

Net income (loss) is determined by subtracting operating expenses and interest expense from, and adding other operating income (expense), equity income (loss) from our partnership interest in Treated Water Outsourcing and income tax benefit (expense) to, gross profit. Net income (loss) is used by the Company to measure profitability as well as the overall heath of the business.

Adjusted EBITDA
Adjusted EBITDA, which is a non-GAAP financial measure, is one of the primary metrics used by management to evaluate the strength and financial performance of our core business. Adjusted EBITDA is defined as net income (loss) before interest expense, income tax benefit (expense) and depreciation and amortization, adjusted for the impact of certain other items, including restructuring and related business transformation costs, non-cash share-based compensation, transaction costs and other gains, losses and expenses that we believe do not directly reflect our underlying business operations. We present adjusted EBITDA because we believe it is frequently used by analysts, investors and other interested parties to evaluate and compare operating performance and value companies within our industry. Further, we believe it is helpful in highlighting trends in our operating results and provides greater clarity and comparability period over period to management and our investors regarding the operational impact of long-term strategic decisions regarding capital structure, the tax jurisdictions in which we operate and capital investments. In addition, adjusted EBITDA highlights true business performance by removing the impact of certain items that management believes do not directly reflect our underlying operations and provides investors with greater visibility into the ongoing organic drivers of our business performance.
Management uses adjusted EBITDA to supplement GAAP measures of performance as follows:
to assist investors and analysts in comparing our operating performance across reporting periods on a consistent basis by excluding items that we do not believe are indicative of our core operating performance;
in our management incentive compensation, which is based in part on components of adjusted EBITDA;
in certain calculations under our senior secured credit facilities, which use components of adjusted EBITDA;
to evaluate the effectiveness of our business strategies;
to make budgeting decisions; and
to compare our performance against that of other peer companies using similar measures.
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In addition to the above, our chief operating decision maker uses adjusted EBITDA of each reportable operating segment to evaluate the operating performance of such segments. Adjusted EBITDA on a segment basis is defined as earnings before depreciation and amortization, adjusted for the impact of certain other items that have been reflected at the segment level. Adjusted EBITDA of the reportable operating segments do not include certain charges that are presented within corporate activities. These charges include certain restructuring and other business transformation charges that have been incurred to align and reposition the Company to the current reporting structure, acquisition related costs (including transaction costs and integration costs) and share-based compensation charges.
Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered a substitute for, or superior to, financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP. The financial results prepared in accordance with GAAP and the reconciliations from these results should be carefully evaluated. See “Non-GAAP Reconciliations” in Item 2 of this Report for a reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA. You are encouraged to evaluate each adjustment and the reasons we consider it appropriate for supplemental analysis. In addition, in evaluating adjusted EBITDA, you should be aware that in the future, we may incur expenses similar to the adjustments in the presentation of adjusted EBITDA. Our presentation of adjusted EBITDA should not be construed as an inference that our future results will be unaffected by unusual or nonrecurring items. In addition, adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies in our industry or across different industries.
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Results of Operations
The following table summarizes key components of our results of operations for the periods indicated:
Three Months Ended March 31,Six Months Ended March 31,
2021202020212020
(In millions, except per share amounts)% of Revenue% of Revenue% Variance% of Revenue% of Revenue% Variance
Revenue from product sales and services$346.6 100.0 %$351.7 100.0 %(1.5)%$668.8 100.0 %$697.8 100.0 %(4.2)%
Gross profit$105.9 30.6 %$111.2 31.6 %(4.8)%$201.3 30.1 %$216.9 31.1 %(7.2)%
Total operating expenses$(90.1)(26.0)%$(99.3)(28.2)%(9.3)%$(169.5)(25.3)%$(186.8)(26.8)%(9.3)%
Other operating income, net$0.4 0.1 %$9.3 2.6 %(95.7)%$0.6 0.1 %$60.7 8.7 %(99.0)%
Interest expense$(8.4)(2.4)%$(13.3)(3.8)%(36.8)%$(17.1)(2.6)%$(26.8)(3.8)%(36.2)%
Income before income taxes$7.8 2.3 %$7.9 2.2 %(1.3)%$15.3 2.3 %$64.0 9.2 %(76.1)%
Income tax (expense) benefit$(2.7)(0.8)%$0.0 — %**$(3.7)(0.6)%$(2.6)(0.4)%42.3 %
Net income$5.1 1.5 %$7.9 2.2 %(35.4)%$11.6 1.7 %$61.4 8.8 %(81.1)%
Net income attributable to non‑controlling interest$0.1 — %$0.1 — %— %$0.1 — %$0.4 0.1 %(75.0)%
Net income attributable to Evoqua Water Technologies Corp.$5.0 1.4 %$7.8 2.2 %(35.9)%$11.5 1.7 %$61.0 8.7 %(81.1)%
Weighted average shares outstanding
Basic118.9 116.5 118.9 116.5 
Diluted121.9 120.9 122.3 121.4 
Earnings per share
Basic$0.04 $0.07 $0.10 $0.52 
Diluted$0.04 $0.06 $0.09 $0.50 
Other financial data:
Adjusted EBITDA(1)$58.0 16.7 %$56.7 16.1 %2.3 %$102.8 15.4 %$100.3 14.4 %2.5 %

(1)Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. For a reconciliation to net income (loss), its most directly comparable financial measure presented in accordance with GAAP, see “Non-GAAP Reconciliations” in Item 2 of this Report.
**    Percentage variance is not meaningful.
Consolidated Results for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020
Revenue-Revenue decreased $5.1 million, or 1.5%, to $346.6 million in the three months ended March 31, 2021, from $351.7 million in the three months ended March 31, 2020, driven by a decline in organic revenue of 3.5%, partially offset by favorable foreign currency of 1.5% and an increase in inorganic revenue of 0.6%.
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The following table provides the change in revenue from product sales and revenue from services, respectively:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020% Variance
(In millions)
% of
Revenue
% of
Revenue
Revenue from product sales$202.5 58.4 %$206.0 58.6 %(1.7)%
Revenue from services144.1 41.6 %145.7 41.4 %(1.1)%
$346.6 100.0 %$351.7 100.0 %(1.5)%
Revenue from product sales decreased $3.5 million, or 1.7%, to $202.5 million in the three months ended March 31, 2021, from $206.0 million in the three months ended March 31, 2020. The decrease was driven by lower aftermarket revenue of $4.6 million, mainly related to temporary customer site closures and delays due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the current period, principally in the Americas and EMEA regions. This decline was partially offset by a net increase in capital revenue of $1.1 million in the current period as volume in the Asia Pacific region for the Applied Product Technologies segment was partly offset by a decline across both segments in the Americas and EMEA regions, primarily in the microelectronics end market.
Revenue from services decreased $1.6 million, or 1.1%, to $144.1 million in the three months ended March 31, 2021, from $145.7 million in the three months ended March 31, 2020. This decrease was primarily related to temporary customer site closures and access due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the current period for the power end market in North America and aquatics end market in Europe.
Cost of sales and gross margin-Total gross margin decreased to 30.6% in the three months ended March 31, 2021, from 31.6% in the three months ended March 31, 2020.
The following table provides the change in cost of product sales and cost of services, respectively, along with related gross margins:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
(In millions)
Gross
Margin
Gross
Margin
Cost of product sales$(144.5)28.6 %$(144.2)30.0 %
Cost of services(96.2)33.2 %(96.3)33.9 %
$(240.7)30.6 %$(240.5)31.6 %
Gross margin from product sales decreased by 140 basis points (“bps”) to 28.6% in the three months ended March 31, 2021, from 30.0% in the three months ended March 31, 2020. The decrease in gross margin was primarily driven by lower volume and product mix, both of which were influenced by delays and closures related to the COVID-19 pandemic, coupled with timing of large projects, which was partially offset by positive price realization.
Gross margin from services decreased by 70 bps to 33.2% in the three months ended March 31, 2021, from 33.9% in the three months ended March 31, 2020. This decrease is mainly driven by lower volume, as well as decreased labor productivity due to factors related to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Operating expenses-Operating expenses decreased $9.2 million, or 9.3%, to $90.1 million in the three months ended March 31, 2021, from $99.3 million in the three months ended March 31, 2020. Operating expenses are comprised of the following:
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Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
(In millions)% of Revenue% of Revenue% Variance
General and administrative expense$(52.9)(15.3)%$(62.1)(17.7)%(14.8)%
Sales and marketing expense(33.8)(9.8)%(34.0)(9.7)%(0.6)%
Research and development expense(3.4)(1.0)%(3.2)(0.9)%6.3 %
Total operating expenses$(90.1)(26.0)%$(99.3)(28.2)%(9.3)%
The decrease period over period in operating expenses was mainly due to lower foreign currency translation losses of approximately $4.9 million, most of which is related to intercompany loans. In addition, efforts taken by the Company to reduce spending across various areas in response to uncertainties related to the COVID-19 pandemic contributed to the decrease, including reduced travel, employee related costs, and consulting expenses. Finally, a write off of accounts receivable that occurred in the prior year did not reoccur in the current year.
Other operating income, net-Other operating income, net decreased $8.9 million to $0.4 million in the three months ended March 31, 2021, from $9.3 million in the three months ended March 31, 2020. The decrease in other operating income, net was primarily driven by $9.0 million received in the prior year period related to the net working capital settlement on the sale of the Memcor product line.
Interest expense-Interest expense decreased $4.9 million, or 36.8%, to $8.4 million in the three months ended March 31, 2021, from $13.3 million in the three months ended March 31, 2020. The decrease in interest expense was primarily driven by a reduction in the interest rate spread and LIBOR year over year. In addition, the prior year period included a write-off of deferred financing fees related to a $100.0 million debt prepayment in January 2020 with proceeds from the sale of the Memcor product line.
Income tax (expense) benefit-Income tax expense increased to $2.7 million in the current year period as compared to an income tax benefit of $7 thousand in the comparable prior year period. The increase in tax expense was principally due to the Memcor disposal in the prior year, which created a low PAETR and tax expense for the three months ended March 31, 2020. Additionally, tax expense increased due to recognition of discrete items in the current period related to an adjustment for prepaid income taxes and an uncertain tax position in connection with a tax audit in a foreign jurisdiction. The current period impact of these discrete items were partially offset by maintaining a U.S. valuation allowance against U.S. deferred tax assets.
Net income-Net income decreased $2.8 million, or 35.4%, to $5.1 million in the three months ended March 31, 2021, from $7.9 million in the three months ended March 31, 2020, as a result of the variances noted above.
Adjusted EBITDA-Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. Adjusted EBITDA for the three months ended March 31, 2021 increased by $1.3 million, or 2.3%, to $58.0 million, as compared to $56.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, primarily driven by operational efficiencies and cost savings in the current period. See “Non-GAAP Reconciliations” in Item 2 of this Report for a reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA.
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Segment Results
Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020% Variance
(In millions)% of Revenue% of Revenue
Revenue
Integrated Solutions and Services$224.2 64.7 %$237.9 67.6 %(5.8)%
Applied Product Technologies122.4 35.3 %113.8 32.4 %7.6 %
Total Consolidated$346.6 100.0 %$351.7 100.0 %(1.5)%
Operating profit (loss)
Integrated Solutions and Services$30.8 8.9 %$36.7 10.4 %(16.1)%
Applied Product Technologies18.1 5.2 %23.8 6.8 %(23.9)%
Corporate(32.7)(9.4)%(39.3)(11.2)%(16.8)%
Total Consolidated$16.2 4.7 %$21.2 6.0 %(23.6)%
Adjusted EBITDA (1)
Integrated Solutions and Services$49.3 14.2 %$54.1 15.4 %(8.9)%
Applied Product Technologies25.3 7.3 %21.7 6.2 %16.6 %
Corporate(16.6)(4.8)%(19.1)(5.4)%(13.1)%
Total Consolidated$58.0 16.7 %$56.7 16.1 %2.3 %

(1)Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. For a reconciliation to segment operating profit (loss), its most directly comparable financial measure presented in accordance with GAAP, see “Non-GAAP Reconciliations” in Item 2 of this Report.
Integrated Solutions and Services
Revenue in the Integrated Solutions and Services segment decreased $13.7 million, or 5.8%, to $224.2 million in the three months ended March 31, 2021, from $237.9 million in the three months ended March 31, 2020. This decrease was driven by a net decline in capital revenue of $14.0 million, primarily related to the timing of completion of projects in the microelectronics end market, which was partially offset by new projects across a variety of end markets. Changes in service and aftermarket revenue, enhanced by contributions from acquisitions, provided partial offset to the capital revenue decline.
Operating profit in the Integrated Solutions and Services segment decreased $5.9 million, or 16.1%, to $30.8 million in the three months ended March 31, 2021, from $36.7 million in the three months ended March 31, 2020.
aqua-20210331_g1.jpg
Operating profit was unfavorably impacted by lower revenue volume and less favorable mix driven primarily by reductions and delays in capital spending by customers and lower productivity related to enhanced safety protocols as a
45


result of the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as increased operating costs based on changes in allocation methodologies for corporate expenses. These declines were partially offset by favorable price realization in the current period. Further operating profit decrease was attributable to restructuring activity in the current period, as well as an increase in employee-related expenses. Positive drivers to profitability were reduced travel and discretionary spending. There was in immaterial change in the impact of depreciation and amortization from the prior period.
Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. Adjusted EBITDA in the Integrated Solutions and Services segment decreased $4.8 million, or 8.9%, to $49.3 million in the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to $54.1 million in the three months ended March 31, 2020. The decline was driven by the same factors that impacted operating profit, other than the change in depreciation and amortization, and also excludes restructuring and other non-recurring activity recognized in the period. See “Non-GAAP Reconciliations” in Item 2 of this Report for a reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA.
Applied Product Technologies
Revenue in the Applied Product Technologies segment increased $8.6 million, or 7.6%, to $122.4 million in the three months ended March 31, 2021, from $113.8 million in the three months ended March 31, 2020. The increase was primarily related to an increase in organic revenue of $3.9 million, driven by growth of $10.0 million in the Asia Pacific region across multiple product lines. This increase was partially offset by declines across multiple product lines in both the Americas and EMEA regions of $5.0 million and $1.1 million, respectively, due to continued customer site access challenges and delays. The segment experienced a favorable foreign currency translation impact of $4.7 million.
Operating profit in the Applied Product Technologies segment decreased $5.7 million, or 23.9%, to $18.1 million in the three months ended March 31, 2021, from $23.8 million in the three months ended March 31, 2020.
aqua-20210331_g2.jpg
The decline in operating profit was primarily related to additional funds received in the prior period as a result of the net working capital settlement on sale of the Memcor product line. In addition, an increase in employee related expenses in the current period and changes in other non-recurring activity as compared to the prior year period contributed to the decline. These items were partially offset by favorable product mix and price which offset inflation, as well as improvement in operational efficiencies and cost containment measures. Operating profit also benefited from favorable foreign currency translation.
Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. Adjusted EBITDA in the Applied Product Technologies segment increased $3.6 million, or 16.6%, to $25.3 million in the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to $21.7 million in the three months ended March 31, 2020. The increase was driven by the same factors that impacted operating profit, other than the change in depreciation and amortization, and also excludes restructuring and other non-
46


recurring activity, including the $9.0 million gain recognized in the prior year related to the divestiture of the Memcor product line. See “Non-GAAP Reconciliations” in Item 2 of this Report for a reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA.
Corporate
Operating loss in Corporate decreased $6.6 million, or 16.8%, to $32.7 million in the three months ended March 31, 2021, from $39.3 million in the three months ended March 31, 2020. The decrease period over period was mainly due to lower foreign currency translation losses of approximately $4.9 million, most of which is related to intercompany loans. In addition, Corporate expenses declined due to efforts taken by the Company to reduce spending across various areas in response to uncertainties related to the COVID-19 pandemic, including reduced travel, employee related costs, and consulting expenses.
Consolidated Results for the Six Months Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020
Revenue-Revenue decreased $29.0 million, or 4.2%, to $668.8 million in the six months ended March 31, 2021, from $697.8 million in the six months ended March 31, 2020 driven by a decline in organic and inorganic revenue of 3.5% and 1.7%, respectively, partially offset by favorable foreign currency of 1.1%.
The following table provides the change in revenue from product sales and revenue from services, respectively:
Six Months Ended March 31,
20212020% Variance
(In millions)
% of
Revenue
% of
Revenue
Revenue from product sales$382.5 57.2 %$402.6 57.7 %(5.0)%
Revenue from services286.3 42.8 %295.2 42.3 %(3.0)%
$668.8 100.0 %$697.8 100.0 %(4.2)%
Revenue from product sales decreased $20.1 million, or 5.0%, to $382.5 million in the six months ended March 31, 2021, from $402.6 million in the six months ended March 31, 2020. The decrease was related to a decline in aftermarket revenue of $19.1 million, of which $7.0 million was driven by the divestiture of the Memcor product line that occurred in the prior period. The remainder of the decrease was primarily due to temporary customer site closures and delays due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the current period. In addition to the decrease in aftermarket revenue, capital revenue declined by $0.9 million in the current period. This decline was also related to the divestiture of the Memcor product line, which represented capital revenue of $6.9 million in the prior period, as well as a net decline across multiple end markets in the Americas and EMEA regions, driven primarily by the timing of completion of projects in the microelectronics end market. This was partially offset by an increase in revenue for the Applied Product Technologies segment in the Asia Pacific region.
Revenue from services decreased $8.9 million, or 3.0%, to $286.3 million in the six months ended March 31, 2021, from $295.2 million in the six months ended March 31, 2020. This decrease was primarily driven by temporary delays in annual maintenance in the oil and gas refining end market, the timing of completion of certain large projects in the prior year and shutdowns and delays due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Price realization related to established service contracts as well as service growth in the healthcare and pharmaceuticals end markets partially offset these declines.
Cost of sales and gross margin-Total gross margin decreased to 30.1% in the six months ended March 31, 2021, from 31.1% in the six months ended March 31, 2020.
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The following table provides the change in cost of product sales and cost of services, respectively, along with related gross margins:
Six Months Ended March 31,
20212020
(In millions)
Gross
Margin
Gross
Margin
Cost of product sales$(275.6)27.9 %$(284.7)29.3 %
Cost of services(191.9)33.0 %(196.2)33.5 %
$(467.5)30.1 %$(480.9)31.1 %
Gross margin from product sales decreased by 140 bps to 27.9% in the six months ended March 31, 2021, from 29.3% in the six months ended March 31, 2020. The decrease in gross margin was primarily driven by lower volume and product mix, both of which were influenced by delays and closures related to the COVID-19 pandemic, coupled with timing of large projects, which was partially offset by positive price realization.
Gross margin from services decreased by 50 bps to 33.0% in the six months ended March 31, 2021, from 33.5% in the six months ended March 31, 2020. This decrease is mainly driven by lower volume, as well as decreased labor productivity due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Operating expenses-Operating expenses decreased $17.3 million, or 9.3%, to $169.5 million in the six months ended March 31, 2021, from $186.8 million in the six months ended March 31, 2020. Operating expenses are comprised of the following:
Six Months Ended March 31,
20212020
(In millions)% of Revenue% of Revenue% Variance
General and administrative expense$(95.2)(14.2)%$(107.9)(15.5)%(11.8)%
Sales and marketing expense(67.8)(10.1)%(72.0)(10.3)%(5.8)%
Research and development expense(6.5)(1.0)%(6.9)(1.0)%(5.8)%
Total operating expenses$(169.5)(25.3)%$(186.8)(26.8)%(9.3)%
The decrease period over period in operating expenses was mainly due to foreign currency translation gains of approximately $3.9 million in the six months ended March 31, 2021 compared to foreign currency translation losses of approximately $1.5 million in the prior year period, most of which is related to intercompany loans. Additional factors contributing to the decrease include lower sales and marketing expense and efforts taken by the Company to reduce spending across various areas in response to uncertainties related to the COVID-19 pandemic, such as reduced travel and employee related costs. Finally, a write off of accounts receivable that occurred in the prior year did not reoccur in the current year. The above decreases were partially offset by a benefit in the prior year related to changes in the estimates of certain acquisitions achieving their earn-out targets.
Other operating income, net-Other operating income, net decreased $60.1 million to $0.6 million in the six months ended March 31, 2021, from $60.7 million in the six months ended March 31, 2020. The decrease is mainly due to the net pre-tax benefit on sale of the Memcor product line of $58.0 million, which is net of $8.3 million of discretionary compensation payments to employees in connection with the transaction and $1.0 million in transaction costs incurred in the first quarter of 2020.
Interest expense-Interest expense decreased $9.7 million, or 36.2%, to $17.1 million in the six months ended March 31, 2021, from $26.8 million in the six months ended March 31, 2020. The decrease in interest expense was primarily driven by a reduction in the interest rate spread and LIBOR year over year, in addition to a $100.0 million debt prepayment that occurred in January 2020 that resulted in a write-off of deferred financing fees.
Income tax (expense) benefit-Income tax expense increased $1.1 million to $3.7 million in the six months ended March 31, 2021, from $2.6 million in the six months ended March 31, 2020. Tax expense increased due to
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recognition of discrete items in the current period related to an adjustment for prepaid income taxes and an uncertain tax position in connection with a tax audit in a foreign jurisdiction. The current period impact of these discrete items were partially offset by maintaining a U.S. valuation allowance against U.S. deferred tax assets.
Net income-Net income decreased $49.8 million, or 81.1%, to $11.6 million in the six months ended March 31, 2021, from $61.4 million in the six months ended March 31, 2020, as a result of the variances noted above.
Adjusted EBITDA-Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. Adjusted EBITDA for the six months ended March 31, 2021 increased by $2.5 million, or 2.5%, to $102.8 million, as compared to $100.3 million for the six months ended March 31, 2020, primarily driven by operational efficiencies and cost savings, offset by the changes as compared to the prior year period in non-recurring expenses and benefits. See “Non-GAAP Reconciliations” in Item 2 of this Report for a reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA.
Segment Results
Six Months Ended March 31,
20212020% Variance
(In millions)% of Revenue% of Revenue
Revenue
Integrated Solutions and Services$438.9 65.6 %$466.0 66.8 %(5.8)%
Applied Product Technologies229.9 34.4 %231.8 33.2 %(0.8)%
Total Consolidated668.8 100.0 %697.8 100.0 %(4.2)%
Operating profit (loss)
Integrated Solutions and Services57.1 8.5 %69.8 10.0 %(18.2)%
Applied Product Technologies31.5 4.7 %86.9 12.5 %(63.8)%
Corporate(56.2)(8.4)%(65.9)(9.4)%(14.7)%
Total Consolidated32.4 4.8 %90.8 13.0 %(64.3)%
Adjusted EBITDA (1)
Integrated Solutions and Services92.5 13.8 %102.9 14.7 %(10.1)%
Applied Product Technologies44.2 6.6 %37.5 5.4 %17.9 %
Corporate(33.9)(5.1)%(40.1)(5.7)%(15.5)%
Total Consolidated102.8 15.4 %100.3 14.4 %2.5 %

(1)Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. For a reconciliation to segment operating profit (loss), its most directly comparable financial measure presented in accordance with GAAP, see “Non-GAAP Reconciliations” in Item 2 of this Report.
Integrated Solutions and Services
Revenue in the Integrated Solutions and Services segment decreased $27.1 million, or 5.8%, to $438.9 million in the six months ended March 31, 2021, from $466.0 million in the six months ended March 31, 2020 primarily due to a decline in capital revenue of $18.0 million, primarily related to the timing of completion of certain projects in the microelectronics end market, which was partially offset by new projects across a variety of end markets. Service revenue also declined $7.3 million, primarily related to temporary customer delays in annual maintenance in the oil and gas refining end market, the timing of completion of certain large projects in the prior year and shutdowns and delays due to the COVID-19 pandemic. These items were partially offset by favorable price realization related to established service contracts and service growth in the healthcare and pharmaceuticals end markets. The remaining decline was due to reduced aftermarket revenue of $1.9 million.
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Operating profit in the Integrated Solutions and Services segment decreased $12.7 million, or 18.2%, to $57.1 million in the six months ended March 31, 2021, from $69.8 million in the six months ended March 31, 2020.
aqua-20210331_g3.jpg
Operating profit was unfavorably impacted by revenue volume and mix, lower productivity due to customer shutdowns, enhanced safety protocols as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, and increased operating costs based on changes in allocation methodologies for corporate expenses. These declines were partially offset by favorable price realization in the current period. Further operating profit decline in the current year period was attributable to higher restructuring costs and increased depreciation and amortization expense. Positive drivers to profitability were decreased travel and discretionary spending.
Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. Adjusted EBITDA in the Integrated Solutions and Services segment decreased $10.4 million, or 10.1%, to $92.5 million in the six months ended March 31, 2021, compared to $102.9 million in the six months ended March 31, 2020. The decline was driven by the same factors that impacted operating profit, other than the change in depreciation and amortization, and also excludes other non-recurring activity. See “Non-GAAP Reconciliations” in Item 2 of this Report for a reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA.
Applied Product Technologies
Revenue in the Applied Product Technologies segment decreased $1.9 million, or 0.8%, to $229.9 million in the six months ended March 31, 2021, from $231.8 million in the six months ended March 31, 2020. The divestiture of the Memcor product line reduced revenue by $14.4 million as compared to the prior year period. This decrease was partially offset by an increase in organic revenue of $5.6 million, driven by $12.6 million growth in the Asia Pacific region across multiple product lines, as demand improved in the region from economic closures that occurred in the prior year due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Growth in the Asia Pacific region was partially offset by declines across multiple product lines in both the Americas and EMEA regions of $2.2 million and $4.8 million, respectively, due to continued customer site access challenges and delays. The segment also experienced a favorable foreign currency translation impact of $6.9 million.
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Operating profit in the Applied Product Technologies segment decreased $55.4 million, or 63.8%, to $31.5 million in the six months ended March 31, 2021, from $86.9 million in the six months ended March 31, 2020.
aqua-20210331_g4.jpg
The decline in operating profit was primarily related to the inclusion in the prior year period of the net pre-tax benefit on sale of the Memcor product line of $58.0 million, which was net of $8.3 million of discretionary compensation payments to employees in connection with the transaction and $1.0 million in transaction costs incurred. Operating profit was also impacted by the reduction in revenue volume as a result of the sale of the Memcor product line, as well as employee related expenses. Further net operating profit decline was attributable to higher restructuring charges and changes in other non-recurring activity as compared to the prior year period. Partially offsetting these items was favorable organic revenue volume and product mix and price which offset inflation, as well as improvement in operational efficiencies and cost containment measures. Operating profit also benefited from favorable foreign currency translation.
Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. Adjusted EBITDA in the Applied Product Technologies segment increased $6.7 million, or 17.9%, to $44.2 million in the six months ended March 31, 2021, compared to $37.5 million in the six months ended March 31, 2020. The increase was driven by the same factors that impacted operating profit, other than the change in depreciation and amortization, and also excludes other non-recurring activity, including the $58.0 million gain recognized in the prior year related to the divestiture of the Memcor product line. See “Non-GAAP Reconciliations” in Item 2 of this Report for a reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA.
Corporate
Operating loss in Corporate decreased $9.7 million, or 14.7%, to $56.2 million in the six months ended March 31, 2021, from $65.9 million in the six months ended March 31, 2020. The decrease period over period was primarily due to foreign currency translation gains of approximately $3.9 million in the six months ended March 31, 2021 compared to foreign currency translation losses of approximately $1.5 million in the prior year period, most of which is related to intercompany loans. In addition, Corporate expenses declined due to efforts taken by the Company to reduce spending across various areas in response to uncertainties related to the COVID-19 pandemic, including reduced travel, employee related costs, and consulting expenses.

Non-GAAP Reconciliations
The following is a reconciliation of total revenue to organic revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2021:

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Total RevenueForeign Currency
Inorganic Revenue(1)
Organic Revenue
Three Months Ended March 31,% VarianceThree Months Ended March 31,% VarianceThree Months Ended March 31,% VarianceThree Months Ended March 31,% Variance
(In millions)20202021202020212020202120202021
Evoqua Water Technologies$351.7$346.6(1.5)%n/a$5.21.5 %$0.1$2.10.6 %$351.6$339.3(3.5)%
Integrated Solutions & Services$237.9$224.2(5.8)%n/a$0.50.2 %$0.1$2.10.8 %$237.8$221.6(6.8)%
Applied Product Technologies$113.8$122.47.6 %n/a$4.74.1 %$—$—— %$113.8$117.73.5 %

(1)Includes divestiture of the Lange Product Line on March 1, 2021, acquisition of Aquapure Technologies on September 3, 2020 and acquisition of Ultrapure & Industrial Services on December 17, 2020.

The following is a reconciliation of total revenue to organic revenue for the six months ended March 31, 2021:

Total RevenueForeign Currency
Inorganic Revenue(1)
Organic Revenue
Six Months Ended March 31,% VarianceSix Months Ended March 31,% VarianceSix Months Ended March 31,% VarianceSix Months Ended March 31,% Variance
(In millions)20202021202020212020202120202021
Evoqua Water Technologies$697.8$668.8(4.2)%n/a$7.41.1 %$14.5$2.5(1.7)%$683.3$658.9(3.5)%
Integrated Solutions & Services$466.0$438.9(5.8)%n/a$0.50.1 %$0.1$2.50.5 %$465.9$435.9(6.4)%
Applied Product Technologies$231.8$229.9(0.8)%n/a$6.93.0 %$14.4$—(6.2)%$217.4$223.02.4 %

(1)Includes divestiture of the Memcor product line on December 31, 2019, divestiture of the Lange Product Line on March 1, 2021, acquisition of Aquapure Technologies on September 3, 2020 and acquisition of Ultrapure & Industrial Services on December 17, 2020.
The following is a reconciliation of our Net income to adjusted EBITDA. Amounts excluded relate to items that management believes do not reflect the underlying, ongoing operational performance of the business as a result of their nature or size and/or are non-recurring and would not be expected to occur as part of our normal business on a regular basis:
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Three Months Ended
March 31,
Six Months Ended
March 31,
(In millions)20212020% Variance20212020% Variance
Net income$5.1 $7.9 (35.4)%$11.6 $61.4 (81.1)%
Income tax expense2.7 — **3.7 2.6 42.3 %
Interest expense8.4 13.3 (36.8)%17.1 26.8 (36.2)%
Operating profit$16.2 $21.2 (23.6)%$32.4 $90.8 (64.3)%
Depreciation and amortization27.1 27.3 (0.7)%54.6 52.5 4.0 %
EBITDA$43.3 $48.5 (10.7)%$87.0 $143.3 (39.3)%
Restructuring and related business transformation costs (a)5.4 6.2 (12.9)%7.2 7.9 (8.9)%
Share-based compensation (b)3.2 2.3 39.1 %6.3 6.0 5.0 %
Transaction costs (c)0.7 0.5 40.0 %1.3 0.7 85.7 %
Other losses (gains) and expenses (d)5.4 (0.8)(775.0)%1.0 (57.6)(101.7)%
Adjusted EBITDA$58.0 $56.7 2.3 %$102.8 $100.3 2.5 %
**    Percentage variance is not meaningful.
(a)Restructuring and related business transformation costs
Adjusted EBITDA is calculated prior to considering certain restructuring or business transformation events. These events may occur over extended periods of time, and in some cases it is reasonably possible that they could reoccur in future periods based on reorganizations of the business, cost reduction or productivity improvement needs, or in response to economic conditions. For the periods presented such events include the following:
(i)Certain costs and expenses in connection with various restructuring initiatives, including severance and other employee-related costs, relocation and facility consolidation costs and third-party consultant costs to assist with these initiatives. This includes:
(A)amounts related to the Company’s restructuring initiatives to reduce the cost structure and rationalize location footprint following the sale of the Memcor product line;
(B)amounts related to the Company’s transition from a three-segment structure to a two-segment operating model designed to better serve the needs of customers worldwide; and
(C)amounts related to various other initiatives implemented to restructure and reorganize our business with the appropriate management team and cost structure.
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Three Months Ended
March 31,
Six Months Ended
March 31,
(In millions)2021202020212020
Post Memcor divestiture restructuring$3.0 $3.7 $3.9 $3.7 
Cost of product sales and services (“Cost of sales”)2.3 2.9 3.1 2.9 
Sales and marketing expense (“S&M expense”)— 0.1 0.2 0.1 
General and administrative expense (“G&A expense”)0.3 0.7 0.3 0.7 
Other operating (income) expense0.4 — 0.3 — 
Two-segment restructuring$0.4 $0.3 $0.6 $1.3 
Cost of sales0.2 0.3 0.2 0.6 
G&A expense0.2 0.4 0.4 0.7 
Other operating (income) expense— (0.4)— — 
Various other initiatives$1.5 $0.3 $1.5 $0.5 
Cost of sales0.5 0.3 0.5 0.4 
S&M expense0.1 — 0.1 — 
G&A expense0.4 — 0.4 0.1 
Other operating (income) expense0.5 — 0.5 — 
Total(1)
$4.9 $4.3 $6.0 $5.5 
(1)of which $5.5 million and $5.6 million for the six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, is reflected in restructuring charges in Note 14, “Restructuring and Related Charges,” in Part I, Item 1 of this Report.
(ii)Legal settlement costs and intellectual property related fees including fees and settlement costs associated with legacy matters, related to product warranty litigation on MEMCOR® products and certain discontinued products. This includes:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Six Months Ended
March 31,
(In millions)2021202020212020
Cost of sales$0.2 $0.1 $0.2 $0.2 
G&A expense0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 
Total$0.3 $0.3 $0.4 $0.4 
(iii)Expenses associated with our information technology and functional infrastructure transformation, including activities to optimize information technology systems and functional infrastructure processes. This includes:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Six Months Ended
March 31,
(In millions)2021202020212020
Cost of sales$0.1 $— $0.1 $0.1 
G&A expense(0.1)0.4 0.1 0.7 
Total$— $0.4 $0.2 $0.8 
(iv)Costs associated with the secondary public offering of common stock held by certain shareholders of the Company, as well as costs incurred by us in connection with establishment of our public company compliance structure and processes, including consultant costs. This includes:
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Three Months Ended
March 31,
Six Months Ended
March 31,
(In millions)2021202020212020
G&A expense$0.2 $1.2 $0.6 $1.2 
Total$0.2 $1.2 $0.6 $1.2 
(b)Share-based compensation
Adjusted EBITDA is calculated prior to considering non‑cash share‑based compensation expenses related to equity awards. See Note 17, “Share-Based Compensation,” in Part I, Item 1 of this Report for further detail.
(c)Transaction related costs    
Adjusted EBITDA is calculated prior to considering transaction, integration and restructuring costs associated with business combinations because these costs are unique to each transaction and represent costs that were incurred as a result of the transaction decision. Integration and restructuring costs associated with a business combination may occur over several years and include, but are not limited to, consulting fees, legal fees, certain employee-related costs, facility consolidation and product rationalization costs and fair value changes associated with contingent consideration. This includes:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Six Months Ended
March 31,
(In millions)2021202020212020
Cost of sales$0.1 $(0.3)$0.2 $(0.2)
G&A expense0.6 0.5 1.1 0.9 
Other operating (income) expense— 0.3 — — 
Total$0.7 $0.5 $1.3 $0.7 
(d)Other losses, (gains) and expenses
Adjusted EBITDA is calculated prior to considering certain other significant losses, (gains) and expenses. For the periods presented such events include the following:
(i)impact of foreign exchange gains and losses;
(ii)foreign exchange impact related to headquarter allocations;
(iii)net expense reduction related to the remediation of manufacturing defects caused by a third-party vendor for which partial restitution was received;
(iv)charges incurred by the Company related to product rationalization in its electro-chlorination business;
(v)amounts related to the prior year sale of the Memcor product line;
(vi)expenses incurred by the Company as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, including additional charges for personal protective equipment, increased costs for facility sanitization and one-time payments to certain employees;
(vii)legal fees incurred in excess of amounts covered by the Company’s insurance related to the Securities Litigation and SEC investigation; and
(viii)loss on divestiture of the Lange Product Line.
Other losses, (gains) and expenses include the following for the periods presented below:
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Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
Other Adjustments
(In millions)(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(v)(vi)(vii)(viii)Total
Cost of sales$— $— $— $0.7 $— $0.1 $— $— $0.8 
G&A expense2.9 — — — — 0.1 1.4 — 4.4 
Other operating (income) expense— — — — — — — 0.2 0.2 
Total$2.9 $— $— $0.7 $— $0.2 $1.4 $0.2 $5.4 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
Other Adjustments
(In millions)(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(v)(vi)(vii)(viii)Total
Cost of sales$0.3 $— $(0.1)$0.2 $0.1 $— $— $— $0.5 
G&A expense7.8 — — — (0.8)— — — 7.0 
Other operating (income) expense— — — — (8.3)— — — (8.3)
Total$8.1 $— $(0.1)$0.2 $(9.0)$— $— $— $(0.8)
Six Months Ended March 31, 2021
Other Adjustments
(In millions)(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(v)(vi)(vii)(viii)Total
Cost of sales$— $— $— $0.9 $0.2 $0.1 $— $— $1.2 
G&A expense(3.9)— — — — 0.2 3.3 — (0.4)
Other operating (income) expense— — — — — — — 0.2 0.2 
Total$(3.9)$— $— $0.9 $0.2 $0.3 $3.3 $0.2 $1.0 
Six Months Ended March 31, 2020
Other Adjustments
(In millions)(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(v)(vi)(vii)(viii)Total
Cost of sales$(0.1)$— $0.1 $0.3 $0.2 $— $— $— $0.5 
G&A expense1.6 0.1 — — 0.1 — — — 1.8 
Other operating (income) expense— — (1.6)— (58.3)— — — (59.9)
Total$1.5 $0.1 $(1.5)$0.3 $(58.0)$— $— $— $(57.6)
The following is a reconciliation of our segment adjusted EBITDA to operating profit, its most directly comparable financial measure presented in accordance with GAAP:
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Three Months Ended March 31,Six Months Ended March 31,
2021202020212020
(In millions)Integrated Solutions and ServicesApplied Product TechnologiesIntegrated Solutions and ServicesApplied Product TechnologiesIntegrated Solutions and ServicesApplied Product TechnologiesIntegrated Solutions and ServicesApplied Product Technologies
Operating profit$30.8 $18.1 $36.7 $23.8 $57.1 $31.5 $69.8 $86.9 
Depreciation and amortization17.2 3.6 17.3 3.5 34.1 7.1 33.0 7.1 
EBITDA$48.0 $21.7 $54.0 $27.3 $91.2 $38.6 $102.8 $94.0 
Restructuring and related business transformation costs (a)1.1 2.9 0.1 3.3 1.1 4.5 0.1 4.0 
Transaction costs (b)— — — — — — — (1.3)
Other losses (gains) and expenses (c)0.2 0.7 — (8.9)0.2 1.1 — (59.2)
Adjusted EBITDA$49.3 $25.3 $54.1 $21.7 $92.5 $44.2 $102.9 $37.5 
(a)Represents costs and expenses in connection with restructuring initiatives distinct to our Applied Product Technologies segment in the three and six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Such expenses are primarily composed of severance, relocation and facility consolidation costs.
(b)Represents costs associated with a change in the current estimate of certain acquisitions achieving their earn-out targets, which resulted in a decrease to the fair valued amount of the earn-out recorded upon acquisition, in the six months ended March 31, 2020, distinct to our Applied Product Technologies segment.
(c)Other losses, (gains) and expenses as discussed above in “How We Assess the Performance of Our Business-Adjusted EBITDA” distinct to our Integrated Solutions and Services (“ISS”) and Applied Product Technologies (“APT”) segments include the following:
Three Months Ended March 31,Six Months Ended March 31,
2021202020212020
(In millions)ISSAPTISSAPTISSAPTISSAPT
Trailing costs from the sale of the Memcor product line$— $— $— $— $— $0.2 $— $— 
Net pre-tax benefit on sale of the Memcor product line— — — (9.0)— — — (58.0)
Remediation of manufacturing defects— — — (0.1)— — — (1.5)
Product rationalization in electro-chlorination business— 0.7 — 0.2 — 0.9 — 0.3 
Loss on divestiture of Lange Product Line0.2 — — — 0.2 — — — 
Total$0.2 $0.7 $— $(8.9)$0.2 $1.1 $— $(59.2)

Immaterial rounding differences may be present in the tables above.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Liquidity describes the ability of a company to generate sufficient cash flows to meet the cash requirements of its business operations, including working capital needs, debt service, acquisitions, other commitments and contractual obligations. We consider liquidity in terms of cash flows from operations and their sufficiency to fund our operating and investing activities.
Our principal sources of liquidity are cash generated by our operating activities, borrowings under our revolving credit facility and financing arrangements related to capital expenditures for equipment used to provide services to our
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customers. Historically, we have financed our operations primarily from these sources. Our primary cash needs are for day to day operations, to pay interest and principal on our indebtedness, to fund working capital requirements and to make capital expenditures.
Our ability to fund our capital needs depends on our ongoing ability to generate cash from operations and access to bank financing and the capital markets. Although the COVID-19 pandemic has not materially impacted our liquidity to date, we plan to continue to evaluate aspects of our spending, including capital expenditures, discretionary spending and strategic investments, as the year progresses. We have considered the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on our liquidity and capital resources to date, and we do not currently expect it to impact our ability to meet future liquidity needs or continue to comply with our applicable debt covenants. We believe we are currently well-positioned to manage our business and have the ability and sufficient capacity to meet our cash requirements by using available cash, internally generated funds and borrowing under our revolving credit facility. We are committed to maintaining a solid liquidity position.
As part of our ongoing efforts to improve our cash flow and related liquidity, we work with suppliers to optimize our terms and conditions, including occasionally extending payment terms. We also facilitate a voluntary supply chain finance program (the “program”) to provide certain of our suppliers with the opportunity to sell receivables due from us to participating financial institutions at the sole discretion of both the suppliers and the financial institutions. A third party administers the program; our responsibility is limited to making payment on the terms originally negotiated with our supplier, regardless of whether the supplier sells its receivable to a financial institution. We do not enter into agreements with any of the participating financial institutions in connection with the program. The range of payment terms we negotiate with our suppliers is consistent, irrespective of whether a supplier participates in the program. The amounts settled through the program and paid to participating financial institutions were $13.9 million and $18.1 million in the six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. A downgrade in our credit rating or changes in the financial markets could limit the financial institutions’ willingness to commit to participation in the program.
We expect to continue to finance our liquidity requirements through internally generated funds, borrowings under our revolving credit facility and equipment financing arrangements. We believe that our projected cash flows generated from operations, together with borrowings under our revolving credit facility and other financing arrangements are sufficient to fund our principal debt payments, interest expense, our working capital needs and our expected capital expenditures for the next twelve months. Our capital expenditures for the six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 were $36.3 million and $38.8 million, respectively. However, our budgeted capital expenditures can vary from period to period based on the nature of capital intensive project awards. Our focus on customer outsourced water projects will continue to be a driver of capital expenditures. From time to time, we may enter into financing arrangements related to capital expenditures for equipment used to provide services to our customers. During the six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, we entered into equipment financing arrangements totaling $14.0 million and $8.2 million, respectively. In addition, we may draw on our revolving credit facility from time to time to fund or partially fund an acquisition.
As of March 31, 2021, we had total indebtedness of $889.4 million, including $814.5 million of term loan borrowings under the Credit Agreement, no borrowings under our revolving credit facility, $74.4 million in borrowings related to equipment financing and $0.5 million of notes payable related to certain equipment related contracts. We also had $11.9 million of letters of credit issued under our revolving credit facility and an additional $33 thousand of letters of credit issued under a separate uncommitted facility as of March 31, 2021.
As of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, we were in compliance with the covenants contained in the Credit Agreement, including the revolving credit facility under the Credit Agreement.
2021 Credit Agreement
On April 1, 2021, subsequent to the end of the quarter, EWT III entered into the 2021 Credit Agreement among EWT III, as borrower, EWT II, as parent guarantor, the lenders from time to time party thereto, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent and collateral agent, and ING Capital, LLC, as sustainability coordinator. The 2021 Credit Agreement provides for a multi-currency senior secured revolving credit facility in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed the U.S. dollar equivalent of $350.0 million (the “2021 Revolving Credit Facility”) and a discounted senior secured term loan facility relating to a term loan (the “2021 Term Loan”) in the amount of $475.0 million (together with the 2021 Revolving Credit Facility, the “Senior Facilities”). The 2021 Credit Agreement also provides for a letter of
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credit sub-facility not to exceed $60.0 million. On April 1, 2021, EWT III borrowed the full amount of $475.0 million under the 2021 Term Loan and $105.0 under the 2021 Revolving Credit Facility.
The Senior Facilities are guaranteed by EWT II and certain existing and future direct or indirect wholly-owned domestic subsidiaries of EWT III (together with EWT III, collectively, the “Loan Parties”), and collateralized by a first lien on substantially all of the assets of the Loan Parties, with certain exceptions, including: (i) any equity interest in, and any assets sold to or held by, Evoqua Finance in connection with the Receivables Securitization Program, (ii) any equity interest in, and any assets sold to or held by, any other special purpose entity that is an indirect subsidiary of the Company in connection with any other securitization facility permitted under the 2021 Credit Agreement, and (iii) any real property with a fair market value of $5.0 million or less, when considered individually, or $30.0 million or less when taken together with all other real property owned by the Loan Parties.
With respect to the 2021 Revolving Credit Facility, EWT III is required to pay a commitment fee based on the daily unused portion of the 2021 Revolving Credit Facility, as well as certain other fees to the agents and the arrangers under the Senior Facilities. Subject to the terms of the 2021 Credit Agreement, to the extent not previously paid, any amount owed under the 2021 Revolving Credit Facility will become due and payable in full on April 1, 2026.

With respect to the 2021 Term Loan, EWT III will pay quarterly installments of principal of approximately $1.188 million beginning on the last business day of June 2021. Subject to the terms of the 2021 Credit Agreement, to the extent not previously paid, any amount owed under the 2021 Term Loan will become due and payable in full on April 1, 2028.

Amounts outstanding under the Senior Facilities, at EWT III’s option, will bear interest at either (i) a Base Rate determined in accordance with the terms of the 2021 Credit Agreement, (ii) with respect to any amounts denominated in U.S. dollars or Sterling, a LIBO rate, or replacement thereof, as determined in accordance with the terms of the 2021 Credit Agreement, or (iii) with respect to amounts denominated in Euros, the EURIBOR rate, or replacement thereof, as determined in accordance with the terms of the 2021 Credit Agreement. In the case of the 2021 Revolving Credit Facility, an applicable margin based on the consolidated total leverage of EWT III and its restricted subsidiaries, as calculated in accordance with the terms of the 2021 Credit Agreement, will be added to the interest rate elected by EWT III; provided that the interest rate may be adjusted if EWT III meets certain metrics for a sustainability price adjustment prior to December 31, 2021. In the case of the 2021 Term Loan, a fixed applicable margin, calculated in accordance with the terms of the 2021 Credit Agreement, will be added to the interest rate elected by EWT III.
The net proceeds of the Senior Facilities, together with the net proceeds of the Receivables Securitization Program and cash on hand, were used to repay all outstanding indebtedness, in an aggregate principal amount of approximately $814.538 million, under the Credit Agreement. The proceeds of the 2021 Revolving Credit Facility may also be used to finance or refinance the working capital and capital expenditures needs of EWT III and certain of its subsidiaries and for general corporate purposes.
The 2021 Credit Agreement is subject to acceleration upon various events of default and contains customary representations, warranties, affirmative covenants and negative covenants, each substantially similar to those included in the Credit Agreement, including, among other things, a springing maximum first lien leverage ratio of 5.55 to 1.00.
As a result of the refinancing, the Company wrote off approximately $1.3 million of deferred financing fees related to the First Lien Term Loan. In addition, the Company incurred approximately $5.0 million of fees as a result of the refinancing, of which $1.9 million were recorded as deferred financing fees on the Consolidated Balance Sheets and $3.1 million were expensed.
Receivables Securitization Program
On April 1, 2021, Evoqua Finance entered into the Receivables Securitization Program consisting of, among other agreements, (i) the Receivables Financing Agreement among Evoqua Finance, as the borrower, the Receivables Financing Lenders, PNC Bank, as administrative agent, EWT LLC, as initial servicer, and PNC Capital Markets, as structuring agent, pursuant to which the lenders have made available to Evoqua Finance the Securitization Facility in an amount up to $150.0 million and (ii) a Sale and Contribution Agreement (the “Sale Agreement”) among Evoqua Finance, as purchaser, EWT LLC, as initial servicer and as an originator, and Neptune Benson, Inc., an indirectly wholly-owned
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subsidiary of the Company, as an originator (together with EWT LLC, the “Originators”). Under the Receivables Securitization Program, the Originators, pursuant to the Sale Agreement, are required to sell substantially all of their trade receivables and certain related rights to payment and obligations of the Originators with respect to such receivables (the “Receivables”) to Evoqua Finance, which, in turn, will obtain loans secured by the Receivables from the Receivables Financing Lenders pursuant to the Receivables Financing Agreement. On April 1, 2021, Evoqua Finance borrowed $142.2 million under the Securitization Facility.
Pursuant to the Receivables Securitization Program, the aggregate principal amount of the loans made by the Receivables Financing Lenders will not exceed $150.0 million outstanding, subject to the borrowing base restrictions, unless so increased under the Receivables Financing Agreement. The Receivables Financing Lenders under the Receivables Securitization Program receive interest at LIBOR or LMIR as selected by Evoqua Finance. The Receivables Financing Agreement contains customary LIBOR benchmark replacement language. Additionally, PNC Bank and PNC Markets will receive certain fees as agents, and EWT LLC will receive a fee as servicer of the Receivables.

The Receivables Securitization Program contains certain customary representations, warranties, affirmative covenants and negative covenants, subject to certain cure periods in some cases, including the eligibility of the Receivables being sold by the Originators and securing the loans made by the Receivables Financing Lenders, as well as customary reserve requirements, events of default, termination events, and servicer defaults. The Receivables Securitization Program matures on April 1, 2024.

Evoqua Water Technologies Corp. is a holding company and does not conduct any business operations of its own. As a result, our ability to pay cash dividends on our common stock, if any, is dependent upon cash dividends and distributions and other transfers from our operating subsidiaries. Under the terms of the 2021 Credit Agreement, our operating subsidiaries are currently limited in their ability to pay cash dividends to us, and we expect these limitations to continue in the future under the terms of any future credit agreement or any future debt or preferred equity securities of ours or of our subsidiaries.
Our indebtedness could adversely affect our ability to raise additional capital, limit our ability to react to changes in the economy or our industry, expose us to interest rate risk and prevent us from meeting our obligations.
Cash Flows
The following table summarizes the changes to our cash flows for the periods presented:
Six Months Ended
March 31,
(In millions)20212020
Statement of Cash Flows Data
Net cash provided by operating activities$63.1 $38.8 
Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities(44.0)68.6 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities8.3 (108.3)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash2.3 (0.5)
Change in cash and cash equivalents$29.7 $(1.4)
Operating Activities
Cash flows from operating activities can fluctuate significantly from period‑to‑period as working capital needs and the timing of payments for restructuring activities and other items impact reported cash flows.
Net cash provided by operating activities totaled $63.1 million in the six months ended March 31, 2021, and $38.8 million in the six months ended March 31, 2020.
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aqua-20210331_g5.jpg
Operating cash flows in the six months ended March 31, 2021 reflect a decrease in net earnings of $49.9 million as compared to the six months ended March 31, 2020, primarily driven by the gain on the sale of the Memcor product line in the prior year.
The add back of non‑cash items increased operating cash flows by $59.7 million in the six months ended March 31, 2021, as compared to a decrease to operating cash flows of $6.0 million in the six months ended March 31, 2020, resulting in an overall increase of $65.7 million. This increase was primarily related to the gain on sale of the Memcor product line, which was reflected as a reduction of operating cash flows in the prior year, as well as increased depreciation and amortization in the current period. Non-cash changes also include the foreign currency translation gain or loss, deferred income taxes, amortization of deferred financing fees, and share-based compensation.
The aggregate of receivables, inventories, contract assets and liabilities and accounts payable provided $28.8 million in operating cash flows in the six months ended March 31, 2021, compared to a use of $14.8 million in the six months ended March 31, 2020.
The amount of cash flow generated from or used by the above mentioned accounts depends upon how effectively we manage our cash conversion cycle, which is a representation of the number of days that elapse from the date of purchase of raw materials and components to the collection of cash from customers. Our cash conversion cycle can be significantly impacted by the timing of collections and payments in a period.
Income taxes used $3.9 million during the six months ended March 31, 2021, as compared to providing $2.1 million during the six months ended March 31, 2020, resulting in a decrease to cash flows of $6.0 million as compared to the prior year period.
The aggregate of the remaining assets and liabilities used $33.0 million of operating cash flows in the six months ended March 31, 2021, compared to $3.9 million in the six months ended March 31, 2020, resulting in a decrease to cash flows of $29.1 million.
Prepaids and other current assets and Other non‑current assets and liabilities used $23.9 million during the six months ended March 31, 2021, compared to a use of $4.0 million during the six months ended March 31, 2020, resulting in a decrease to cash flows of $19.9 million as compared to the prior year period. This decrease was primarily due to an increase in customer long term receivables, as well as timing of vendor prepayments.
Accrued expenses and other liabilities used $9.1 million in operating cash flows in the six months ended March 31, 2021, compared the providing of $0.1 million in operating cash flows in the six
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months ended March 31, 2020, resulting in a decrease to cash flows of $9.2 million as compared to the prior year period. This decrease was primarily related to payouts in the current year associated with employee incentive compensation and the defined contribution 401(k) plan.
Investing Activities
Net cash used in investing activities was $44.0 million in the six months ended March 31, 2021, as compared to providing cash of $68.6 million in the six months ended March 31, 2020, resulting in a net decrease of $112.6 million as compared to the prior year period. This decrease was largely driven by proceeds from the sale of the Memcor product line during the six months ended March 31, 2020, partially offset by lower cash outflow associated with the Ultrapure acquisition in the current year period as compared to the Frontier acquisition that occurred in the prior period, and lower cash outflow associated with purchase of capital assets compared to the prior period. Other activity related to purchase of intangible assets remained relatively consistent with the prior period.
Financing Activities
Net cash provided by financing activities was $8.3 million in the six months ended March 31, 2021, as compared to a use of $108.3 million in the six months ended March 31, 2020, resulting in a net increase of $116.6 million as compared to the prior year period. The increase in cash provided by financing activities for the six months ended March 31, 2021 was primarily due to the $100 million debt payment that occurred in the six months ended March 31, 2020. Additionally, taxes paid related to net share settlements of share-based compensation awards and distribution of dividends to non-controlling interest declined compared to the prior period. Cash received from the issuance of common stock in connection with the exercise of stock options as well as the issuance of debt related to equipment financing increased in the current period.
Seasonality
Our business has historically exhibited seasonality resulting from our customers’ increasing demand for our products and services during the spring and summer months as compared to the fall and winter months. For example, our business servicing municipal customers experiences increased demand for our odor control product lines and services in the warmer months which, together with other factors, has historically resulted in improved performance in the second half of our fiscal year. Inclement weather, such as hurricanes, droughts and floods, can also drive increased demand for our products and services. As a result, our results from operations may vary from period to period.
 
Seasonal trends historically displayed by our business have been impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, and past performance should not be considered indicative of future results.  For example, decreased customer demand resulting from the economic slowdown caused by the pandemic and the measures taken to control its spread mitigated the seasonal factors that have historically resulted in improved performance in the second half of fiscal 2020 and could have a similar impact in fiscal 2021.

Off‑Balance Sheet Arrangements
We had the following outstanding under our credit arrangements at March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020:
(In millions)March 31,
2021
September 30,
2020
Letters of credit$11.9 $13.0 
Surety bonds$147.6 $153.0 
The longest maturity date of the letters of credit and surety bonds in effect as of March 31, 2021 was March 20, 2030.
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Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
The Company’s significant accounting policies are described in Item 8., Note 2, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” included in the 2020 Annual Report. Any new accounting policies or updates to existing accounting policies as a result of new accounting pronouncements have been included in the Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Report. The application of the Company’s accounting policies may require the use of estimates and assumptions. Management uses historical experience and all available information to make these estimates and assumptions. Estimates are revised as additional information becomes available. Actual results could differ from these estimates.
See Note 2, “Recent Accounting Pronouncements” in the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 1 of this Report for a discussion of recently issued accounting guidance.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
There have been no material changes to the information concerning exposure to market risks as stated in Part I, Item 7A of the 2020 Annual Report.
Item 4.    Controls and Procedures.
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) or 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”)) are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) and to ensure that information required to be disclosed is accumulated and communicated to management, including our principal executive and financial officers, to allow timely decisions regarding disclosure. Our management has evaluated, under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”), the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this Report. Based on that evaluation, the CEO and CFO concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of such date.

While our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance of their effectiveness, because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within the Company have been detected.
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.





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Part II - Other Information

Item 1. Legal Proceedings
From time to time, we are subject to various claims, charges and litigation matters that arise in the ordinary course of business. We believe these actions are a normal incident of the nature and kind of business in which we are engaged. While it is not feasible to predict the outcome of these matters with certainty, we do not believe that any asserted or unasserted legal claims or proceedings, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations or prospects.

In November 2018, a purported shareholder of the Company filed a class action lawsuit, captioned McWilliams v. Evoqua Water Technologies Corp., Case No. 1:18-CV-10320, in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York alleging that the Company and senior management violated federal securities laws by issuing false, misleading, and/or omissive disclosures in the period leading up to the Company’s October 30, 2018 announcement of, among other things, (a) preliminary results for the full-year fiscal 2018 that were below previous expectations and (b) a transition from a three-segment structure to a two-segment operating model.  In January 2019, the court appointed lead plaintiffs and lead counsel and re-captioned the action as In re Evoqua Water Technologies Corp. Securities Litigation (the “Securities Litigation”). In March 2019, lead plaintiffs filed an amended complaint, which asserts claims pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and the Securities Act of 1933 against the Company, members of the Company’s board of directors, senior management, a former executive, AEA, and the underwriters of the Company’s IPO and secondary public offering. The amended complaint alleges that the defendants violated federal securities laws by issuing false, misleading, and/or omissive disclosures concerning the Company’s integration of acquired companies, the Company’s reduction-in-force, and the Company’s financial results of operations. The lawsuit seeks compensatory damages in an unspecified amount and an award of costs and expenses to the plaintiff and class counsel.  In March 2020, the Court granted the defendants’ motion to dismiss a portion of the claims, dismissing all claims predicated on supposedly intentional misstatements or omissions, which were brought under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. The claims that remain are those brought under the Securities Act of 1933. The Company has filed an answer denying the material allegations of the complaint, and discovery is ongoing. Lead plaintiffs filed a motion for class certification in December 2020, and that motion remains pending. The Company believes that this lawsuit is without merit and intends to vigorously defend itself against the allegations.

In April 2019, another purported shareholder of the Company filed a derivative lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania, captioned Dallas Torgersen v. Ronald C. Keating, Case No. 2:19-CV-410. The complaint names as defendants the Company’s CEO & CFO, as well as members of the Company’s board of directors, and it names the Company as a nominal defendant. The complaint alleges, among other things, that the individual defendants violated federal securities laws by issuing false, misleading, and/or omissive disclosures in the period leading up to the Company’s October 30, 2018 disclosures, and that they breached their fiduciary duties to the Company. The lawsuit seeks compensatory damages in an unspecified amount, an award of costs and expenses, restitution from the individual defendants, and an order directing the Company and the individual defendants to take unspecified actions to reform and improve the Company’s corporate governance and internal procedures. The Company believes that this lawsuit is without merit and intends to vigorously defend itself against the allegations. In June 2019, the Court entered an order staying the lawsuit pending resolution of the Securities Litigation.

In July 2020, a different purported shareholder of the Company filed a second shareholder derivative lawsuit ostensibly on behalf of the Company in the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania, captioned Robert Hyams v. Ronald C. Keating, Case No. 2:20-CV-1112. The complaint is similar to the one in Torgersen but also names as defendants AEA and a number of its affiliated entities. In September 2020, the court issued an order consolidating the Torgersen and Hyams cases under the caption In re Evoqua Water Technologies Corp. Derivative Litigation (the “Derivative Litigation”), and staying the consolidated lawsuit pending resolution of the Securities Litigation.

In February 2020, yet another purported shareholder of the Company sent a letter to the board of directors demanding that it investigate and bring claims against various directors and officers for the same matters that were already the subject of the Securities Litigation and the Torgersen derivative litigation. Although no lawsuit has yet been
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filed by this purported shareholder, the shareholder agreed to stay matters on terms similar to what was agreed in the Derivative Litigation.

In October 2020, the Company learned that the SEC and the United States Attorney’s Office for the District of Massachusetts are investigating whether financial misstatements were made in the Company’s public filings and earnings announcements prior to October 2018, similar to what is alleged in the Securities Litigation. The Company is cooperating with those investigations. Although the Company is unable to predict the outcome or reasonably estimate any potential loss, we currently believe that this matter will not have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations or prospects.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
There have been no material changes to the information concerning risk factors as stated in our 2020 Annual Report.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
None.

Item 3.    Defaults Upon Senior Securities
None.

Item 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures
None.

Item 5.    Other Information
None.

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Item 6.    Exhibits
The following exhibits are filed or furnished as a part of this report:
Exhibit
No.
Exhibit Description
10.1
10.2
10.3
31.1*
31.2*
32.1**
32.2**
101.INS*Inline XBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.
101.SCH*Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
101.CAL*Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
101.DEF*Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.
101.LAB*Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
101.PRE*Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)
* Filed herewith
** Furnished herewith


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SIGNATURES
 
    Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
 EVOQUA WATER TECHNOLOGIES CORP.
  
  
  
  
  
May 5, 2021/s/ RONALD C. KEATING
 By:Ronald C. Keating
  Chief Executive Officer (Principal Executive Officer)
  
  
  
  
  
May 5, 2021/s/ BENEDICT J. STAS
 By:Benedict J. Stas
  Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)
   






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