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Morgan Stanley Bank of America Merrill Lynch Trust 2014-C18

Filed: 29 Mar 21, 8:00pm

 

 

 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

 

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

(Mark One) 

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
  
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020
 
or
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

  

For the transition period from _____________ to _____________

 

333-180779-11
Commission File Number of issuing entity:

 

Morgan Stanley Bank of America Merrill
Lynch Trust 2014-C18
 

(Central Index Key Number 0001617760) 

(Exact name of issuing entity as specified in its charter)

 

Morgan Stanley Capital I Inc. 

(Central Index Key Number 0001547361) 

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Morgan Stanley Mortgage Capital Holdings LLC 

(Central Index Key Number 0001541557)

 

Bank of America, National Association 

(Central Index Key Number 0001102113)

 

CIBC Inc. 

(Central Index Key Number 0001548567) 

(Exact names of sponsors as specified in their charters)

 

47-2087494
47-2098931
47-2108850
47-6535473
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

New York
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
c/o Morgan Stanley Capital I Inc.

 

1585 Broadway, New York, NY
(Address of principal executive offices)

 

10036
(Zip Code)

 

(212) 761-4000 

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code of issuing entity)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None.

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None.

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes  ☐  No  ☒

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes  ☐  No  ☒

 

Note - Checking the box above will not relieve any registrant required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act from their obligations under those Sections

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  ☒  No  ☐

 

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

 

Not Applicable.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 

 

  
Large accelerated filer  ☐Accelerated filer  ☐
  
Non-accelerated filer  ☒  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)Smaller reporting company  ☐

 

Emerging growth company  ☐

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

 

Not Applicable.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

 

Not applicable.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes  ☐  No  ☒

 

State the aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter.

 

Not Applicable.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Section 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court.

 

Not Applicable.

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Not Applicable.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

List hereunder the following documents if incorporated by reference and the Part of the Form 10-K (e.g., Part I, Part II, etc.) into which the document is incorporated: (1)Any annual report to security holders; (2) Any proxy or information statement; and (3) Any prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) or (c) under the Securities Act of 1933. The listed documents should be clearly described for identification purposes (e.g., annual report to security holders for fiscal year ended December 24, 1980).

 

Not Applicable.

 

 

 

 

 

EXPLANATORY NOTES

 

Except as set forth below, each of the parties to each pooling and servicing agreement listed in the Exhibit Index both (1) participates in the servicing function for purposes of Item 1122 of Regulation AB and (2) constitutes a servicer that meets the criteria in Item 1108(a)(2)(i) through (iii) of Regulation AB for purposes of Item 1123 of Regulation AB: 

 

 The trustee under a pooling and servicing agreement has a nominal role with respect to the mortgage pool securitized pursuant to such pooling and servicing agreement. The trustee’s only servicing function is the contingent obligation to make certain advances if the master servicer under such pooling and servicing agreement fails to do so, while all other servicing functions are performed by other parties. The trustee under each of the pooling and servicing agreements listed in the Exhibit Index has confirmed to the registrant that it has not made any such contingent advances during the reporting period, and consequently, each such trustee does not participate in the servicing function for purposes of Item 1122 of Regulation AB, nor does it perform the functions of a servicer for purposes of the definition of “servicer” under Item 1101 of Regulation AB or for purposes of Item 1123 of Regulation AB.
   
 The operating advisor under a pooling and servicing agreement represents the interests of senior certificateholders in the transaction governed by such pooling and servicing agreement and is responsible for monitoring the performance of the special servicer under such pooling and servicing agreement and producing certain reports to certificateholders relating to the resolution of the mortgage pool securitized pursuant to such pooling and servicing agreement. While the operating advisor under a pooling and servicing agreement has certain reporting obligations in respect of the related mortgage pool, it has no obligation to collect or disburse funds in respect of the mortgage pool or to administer any of the underlying mortgage loans. Consequently, the operating advisor under a pooling and servicing agreement participates in the servicing function for purposes of Item 1122 of Regulation AB, but is not responsible for the “management or collection of the pool assets or making allocations or distributions to holders of the asset-backed securities” within the meaning of “servicer” under Item 1101 of Regulation AB and does not perform the functions of a servicer for purposes of Item 1123 of Regulation AB.
   
In addition, each of the following parties engaged the services of certain servicing function participants and sub-servicers for the reporting period, as set forth below:
   
 Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as master servicer, engaged the services of CoreLogic Commercial Real Estate Services, Inc. and National Tax Search, LLC, in each case as a servicing function participant in respect of the entire mortgage pool for the reporting period.

 

 

 

PART I

 

Item 1. Business.

 

Omitted.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

Omitted.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

 

None.

 

Item 2. Properties.

 

Omitted.

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings.

 

Omitted.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

 

Omitted.

 

PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

 

Omitted.

 

Item 6. Selected Financial Data.

 

Omitted.

 

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

Omitted.

 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

 

Omitted.

 

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

 

Omitted.

 

 

 

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

 

Omitted.

 

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures.

 

Omitted.

 

Item 9B. Other Information.

 

None.

 

PART III

 

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.

 

Omitted.

 

Item 11. Executive Compensation.

 

Omitted.

 

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.

 

Omitted.

 

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.

 

Omitted.

 

Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services.

 

Omitted.

 

PURSUANT TO GENERAL INSTRUCTION J(2) THE FOLLOWING SUBSTITUTE INFORMATION IS BEING PROVIDED IN THIS REPORT ON FORM 10-K

 

Item 1112(b) of Regulation AB, Significant Obligors Financial Information.

 

Not applicable.

 

 

 

Item 1114(b)(2) of Regulation AB, Significant Enhancement Provider Financial Information.

 

No entity or group of affiliated entities provides any enhancement or other support for the certificates as described under Item 1114(a) of Regulation AB.

 

Item 1115(b) of Regulation AB, Certain Derivatives Instruments (Financial Information).

 

No entity or group of affiliated entities provides any derivative instruments for the certificates as described under Item 1115 of Regulation AB.

 

Item 1117 of Regulation AB, Legal Proceedings.

 

The registrant knows of no legal proceeding pending against the sponsors, depositor, trustee, issuing entity, servicer contemplated by Item 1108(a)(3) of Regulation AB, originator contemplated by Item 1110(b) of Regulation AB, or other party contemplated by Item 1100(d)(1) of Regulation AB, or of which any property of the foregoing is the subject, that is material to security holders, other than as follows:

 

In the last several years, U.S. Bank National Association (“U.S. Bank”) and other large financial institutions have been sued in their capacity as trustee or successor trustee for certain residential mortgage backed securities ("RMBS") trusts. The complaints, primarily filed by investors or investor groups against U.S. Bank and similar institutions, allege the trustees caused losses to investors as a result of alleged failures by the sponsors, mortgage loan sellers and servicers to comply with the governing agreements for these RMBS trusts. Plaintiffs generally assert causes of action based upon the trustees’ purported failures to enforce repurchase obligations of mortgage loan sellers for alleged breaches of representations and warranties, notify securityholders of purported events of default allegedly caused by breaches of servicing standards by mortgage loan servicers and abide by a heightened standard of care following alleged events of default.

 

U.S. Bank denies liability and believes that it has performed its obligations under the RMBS trusts in good faith, that its actions were not the cause of losses to investors, that it has meritorious defenses, and it has contested and intends to continue contesting the plaintiffs’ claims vigorously. However, U.S. Bank cannot assure you as to the outcome of any of the litigation, or the possible impact of these litigations on the trustee or the RMBS trusts.

 

On March 9, 2018, a law firm purporting to represent fifteen Delaware statutory trusts (the “DSTs”) that issued securities backed by student loans (the “Student Loans”) filed a lawsuit in the Delaware Court of Chancery against U.S. Bank National Association (“U.S. Bank”) in its capacities as indenture trustee and successor special servicer, and three other institutions in their respective transaction capacities, with respect to the DSTs and the Student Loans. This lawsuit is captioned The National Collegiate Student Loan Master Trust I, et al. v. U.S. Bank National Association, et al., C.A. No. 2018-0167-JRS (Del. Ch.) (the “NCMSLT Action”). The complaint, as amended on June 15, 2018, alleged that the DSTs have been harmed as a result of purported misconduct or omissions by the defendants concerning administration of the trusts and special servicing of the Student Loans. Since the filing of the NCMSLT Action, certain Student Loan borrowers have made assertions against U.S. Bank concerning special servicing that appear to be based on certain allegations made on behalf of the DSTs in the NCMSLT Action.

 

U.S. Bank believes that it has performed its obligations as indenture trustee and special servicer in good faith and in compliance in all material respects with the terms of the agreements governing the DSTs (the “Governing Agreements”), and accordingly that the claims against it in the NCMSLT Action are without merit.

 

U.S. Bank has filed a motion seeking dismissal of the operative complaint in its entirety with prejudice pursuant to Chancery Court Rules 12(b)(1) and 12 (b)(6) or, in the alternative, a stay of the case while other prior filed disputes involving the DSTs and the Student Loans are litigated. On November 7, 2018, the Court ruled that the case should be stayed in its entirety pending resolution of the first-filed cases. On January 21, 2020, the Court entered an order consolidating for pretrial purposes the NCMSLT Action and three other lawsuits pending in the Delaware Court of Chancery concerning the DSTs and the Student Loans (the “Consolidated Action”). U.S. Bank and other parties to the Consolidated Action have briefed and argued motions for judgment on the pleadings pursuant to Chancery Court Rule 12(c) regarding disputed issues of contractual interpretation at issue in one or more of the cases comprising the Consolidated Action, including the NCMSLT Action. The Court has not yet ruled on these motions or on U.S. Bank’s dismissal motion in the NCMSLT Action.

 

U.S. Bank intends to continue to defend the NCMSLT Action vigorously.

 

Item 1119 of Regulation AB, Affiliations and Certain Relationships and Related Transactions.

 

The information regarding this Item has been provided previously in an annual report on Form 10-K of the issuing entity or in the prospectus of the issuing entity filed in a 424(b)(5) filing dated October 1, 2014.

 

 

 

Item 1122 of Regulation AB, Compliance with Applicable Servicing Criteria.

 

The reports on assessment of compliance with the servicing criteria for asset-backed securities and the related attestation reports on such assessments of compliance are attached hereto under Item 15.

 

Item 1123 of Regulation AB, Servicer Compliance Statement.

 

The servicer compliance statements are attached hereto under Item 15.

 

PART IV

 

Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.

 

(a) Exhibits  

   
4.1Pooling and Servicing Agreement, dated as of September 1, 2014, between Morgan Stanley Capital I Inc., as depositor, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as master servicer, Rialto Capital Advisors, LLC, as special servicer, Park Bridge Lender Services LLC, as trust advisor, and U.S. Bank National Association, as custodian, trustee, certificate administrator, certificate registrar and authenticating agent (filed as Exhibit 4.1 to the registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K/A filed on October 17, 2014 under SEC File No. 333-180779-11 and incorporated by reference herein).
   
31Rule 13a-14(d)/15d-14(d) Certifications.
   
33Reports on assessment of compliance with servicing criteria for asset-backed securities.
   
 33.1 U.S. Bank National Association, as Certificate Administrator
 33.2 U.S. Bank National Association, as Custodian (see Exhibit 33.1)
 33.3 Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as Master Servicer
 33.4 Rialto Capital Advisors, LLC, as Special Servicer
 33.5 Park Bridge Lender Services LLC, as Operating Advisor
 33.6 CoreLogic Commercial Real Estate Services, Inc., as Servicing Function Participant
 33.7 National Tax Search, LLC, as Servicing Function Participant
   
34Attestation reports on assessment of compliance with servicing criteria for asset-backed securities.
   
 34.1 U.S. Bank National Association, as Certificate Administrator
 34.2 U.S. Bank National Association, as Custodian (see Exhibit 34.1)
 34.3 Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as Master Servicer
 34.4 Rialto Capital Advisors, LLC, as Special Servicer
 34.5 Park Bridge Lender Services LLC, as Operating Advisor
 34.6 CoreLogic Commercial Real Estate Services, Inc., as Servicing Function Participant
 34.7 National Tax Search, LLC, as Servicing Function Participant
   
35Servicer compliance statements.
   
 35.1 U.S. Bank National Association, as Certificate Administrator
 35.2 U.S. Bank National Association, as Custodian
 35.3 Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as Master Servicer
 35.4 Rialto Capital Advisors, LLC, as Special Servicer
   
99.1Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement, dated September 18, 2014, between Morgan Stanley Capital I Inc. and Morgan Stanley Mortgage Capital Holdings LLC (filed as Exhibit 99.1 to the registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on October 1, 2014 under SEC File No. 333-180779-11 and incorporated by reference herein).

 

  
99.2Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement, dated September 18, 2014, between Morgan Stanley Capital I Inc. and Bank of America, National Association (filed as Exhibit 99.2 to the registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on October 1, 2014 under SEC File No. 333-180779-11 and incorporated by reference herein).
   
99.3Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement, dated September 18, 2014, between Morgan Stanley Capital I Inc. and CIBC Inc. (filed as Exhibit 99.3 to the registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on October 1, 2014 under SEC File No. 333-180779-11 and incorporated by reference herein).

 

(b) See Item (a) above.

 

(c) Not Applicable.

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

 Morgan Stanley Capital I Inc.
 (Depositor) 
   
 By:/s/ Jane Lam          
  Jane Lam, President
  (senior officer in charge of securitization of the depositor)
   
Date: March 30, 2021