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CC Chemours

Filed: 31 Jul 20, 4:47pm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2020

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Commission File Number 001-36794

The Chemours Company

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

Delaware

46-4845564

(State or other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

1007 Market Street, Wilmington, Delaware 19801

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

(302) 773-1000

(Registrant’s Telephone Number)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class

 

Trading Symbol(s)

 

Name of Exchange on Which Registered

Common Stock ($0.01 par value)

 

CC

 

New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large Accelerated Filer

Accelerated Filer

Non-Accelerated Filer

Smaller reporting company

 

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No

 

The registrant had 164,240,260 shares of common stock, $0.01 par value, outstanding at July 27, 2020.

 

 

 

 


 

The Chemours Company

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

Page

Part I

Financial Information

 

Item 1.

Interim Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

Interim Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)

2

 

Interim Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Unaudited)

3

 

Interim Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited)

4

 

Interim Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (Unaudited)

5

 

Interim Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)

6

 

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

7

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

39

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

62

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

63

 

 

 

Part II

Other Information

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

64

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

66

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

68

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

68

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

68

Item 5.

Other Information

68

Item 6.

Exhibits

69

 

Signature

 

 

70

 

 

 

1


 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. INTERIM CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The Chemours Company

Interim Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Net sales

 

$

1,093

 

 

$

1,408

 

 

$

2,398

 

 

$

2,784

 

Cost of goods sold

 

 

894

 

 

 

1,085

 

 

 

1,901

 

 

 

2,165

 

Gross profit

 

 

199

 

 

 

323

 

 

 

497

 

 

 

619

 

Selling, general, and administrative expense

 

 

110

 

 

 

136

 

 

 

235

 

 

 

292

 

Research and development expense

 

 

20

 

 

 

19

 

 

 

44

 

 

 

41

 

Restructuring, asset-related, and other charges

 

 

17

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

28

 

 

 

15

 

Total other operating expenses

 

 

147

 

 

 

162

 

 

 

307

 

 

 

348

 

Equity in earnings of affiliates

 

 

7

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

14

 

 

 

16

 

Interest expense, net

 

 

(53

)

 

 

(52

)

 

 

(107

)

 

 

(103

)

Other income (expense), net

 

 

14

 

 

 

16

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

55

 

Income before income taxes

 

 

20

 

 

 

133

 

 

 

96

 

 

 

239

 

(Benefit from) provision for income taxes

 

 

(4

)

 

 

37

 

 

 

(28

)

 

 

50

 

Net income

 

 

24

 

 

 

96

 

 

 

124

 

 

 

189

 

Net income attributable to Chemours

 

$

24

 

 

$

96

 

 

$

124

 

 

$

189

 

Per share data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share of common stock

 

$

0.15

 

 

$

0.58

 

 

$

0.75

 

 

$

1.14

 

Diluted earnings per share of common stock

 

 

0.15

 

 

 

0.57

 

 

 

0.75

 

 

 

1.12

 

 


See accompanying notes to the interim consolidated financial statements.

2


 

The Chemours Company

Interim Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

 

Pre-tax

 

 

Tax

 

 

After-tax

 

 

Pre-tax

 

 

Tax

 

 

After-tax

 

Net income

 

$

20

 

 

$

4

 

 

$

24

 

 

$

133

 

 

$

(37

)

 

$

96

 

Other comprehensive income (loss):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hedging activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized loss on net investment hedge

 

 

(18

)

 

 

4

 

 

 

(14

)

 

 

(7

)

 

 

2

 

 

 

(5

)

Unrealized loss on cash flow hedge

 

 

(4

)

 

 

1

 

 

 

(3

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reclassifications to net income - cash flow hedge

 

 

(2

)

 

 

 

 

 

(2

)

 

 

(3

)

 

 

 

 

 

(3

)

Hedging activities, net

 

 

(24

)

 

 

5

 

 

 

(19

)

 

 

(10

)

 

 

2

 

 

 

(8

)

Cumulative translation adjustment

 

 

39

 

 

 

 

 

 

39

 

 

 

15

 

 

 

 

 

 

15

 

Defined benefit plans:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additions to accumulated other

comprehensive loss:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(3

)

 

 

 

 

 

(3

)

Prior service benefit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

Effect of foreign exchange rates

 

 

(2

)

 

 

 

 

 

(2

)

 

 

(2

)

 

 

 

 

 

(2

)

Reclassifications to net income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortization of prior service gain

 

 

(1

)

 

 

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

(1

)

 

 

 

 

 

(1

)

Amortization of actuarial loss

 

 

2

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

1

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

6

 

Defined benefit plans, net

 

 

(1

)

 

 

(1

)

 

 

(2

)

 

 

6

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

5

 

Other comprehensive income

 

 

14

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

18

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

12

 

Comprehensive income

 

 

34

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

42

 

 

 

144

 

 

 

(36

)

 

 

108

 

Comprehensive income attributable to Chemours

 

$

34

 

 

$

8

 

 

$

42

 

 

$

144

 

 

$

(36

)

 

$

108

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

 

Pre-tax

 

 

Tax

 

 

After-tax

 

 

Pre-tax

 

 

Tax

 

 

After-tax

 

Net income

 

$

96

 

 

$

28

 

 

$

124

 

 

$

239

 

 

$

(50

)

 

$

189

 

Other comprehensive income (loss):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hedging activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized (loss) gain on net investment hedge

 

 

(8

)

 

 

2

 

 

 

(6

)

 

 

3

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

2

 

Unrealized (loss) gain on cash flow hedge

 

 

(2

)

 

 

1

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

Reclassifications to net income - cash flow hedge

 

 

(3

)

 

 

 

 

 

(3

)

 

 

(6

)

 

 

 

 

 

(6

)

Hedging activities, net

 

 

(13

)

 

 

3

 

 

 

(10

)

 

 

(1

)

 

 

(1

)

 

 

(2

)

Cumulative translation adjustment

 

 

(78

)

 

 

 

 

 

(78

)

 

 

23

 

 

 

 

 

 

23

 

Defined benefit plans:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additions to accumulated other

comprehensive loss:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(3

)

 

 

 

 

 

(3

)

Prior service benefit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

Effect of foreign exchange rates

 

 

(1

)

 

 

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Reclassifications to net income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortization of prior service gain

 

 

(1

)

 

 

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

(1

)

 

 

 

 

 

(1

)

Amortization of actuarial loss

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

12

 

 

 

(3

)

 

 

9

 

Settlement loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Defined benefit plans, net

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

15

 

 

 

(3

)

 

 

12

 

Other comprehensive (loss) income

 

 

(89

)

 

 

3

 

 

 

(86

)

 

 

37

 

 

 

(4

)

 

 

33

 

Comprehensive income

 

 

7

 

 

 

31

 

 

 

38

 

 

 

276

 

 

 

(54

)

 

 

222

 

Comprehensive income attributable to Chemours

 

$

7

 

 

$

31

 

 

$

38

 

 

$

276

 

 

$

(54

)

 

$

222

 

 

See accompanying notes to the interim consolidated financial statements.

3


 

The Chemours Company

Interim Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

 

 

June 30, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

1,031

 

 

$

943

 

Accounts and notes receivable, net

 

 

540

 

 

 

674

 

Inventories

 

 

1,074

 

 

 

1,079

 

Prepaid expenses and other

 

 

72

 

 

 

81

 

Total current assets

 

 

2,717

 

 

 

2,777

 

Property, plant, and equipment

 

 

9,296

 

 

 

9,413

 

Less: Accumulated depreciation

 

 

(5,873

)

 

 

(5,854

)

Property, plant, and equipment, net

 

 

3,423

 

 

 

3,559

 

Operating lease right-of-use assets

 

 

273

 

 

 

294

 

Goodwill and other intangible assets, net

 

 

171

 

 

 

174

 

Investments in affiliates

 

 

175

 

 

 

162

 

Other assets

 

 

275

 

 

 

292

 

Total assets

 

$

7,034

 

 

$

7,258

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

651

 

 

$

923

 

Short-term and current maturities of long-term debt

 

 

19

 

 

 

134

 

Other accrued liabilities

 

 

486

 

 

 

484

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

1,156

 

 

 

1,541

 

Long-term debt, net

 

 

4,327

 

 

 

4,026

 

Operating lease liabilities

 

 

224

 

 

 

245

 

Deferred income taxes

 

 

58

 

 

 

118

 

Other liabilities

 

 

610

 

 

 

633

 

Total liabilities

 

 

6,375

 

 

 

6,563

 

Commitments and contingent liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock (par value $0.01 per share; 810,000,000 shares authorized;

189,551,590 shares issued and 164,232,355 shares outstanding at

June 30, 2020; 188,893,478 shares issued and 163,574,243 shares outstanding at December 31, 2019)

 

 

2

 

 

 

2

 

Treasury stock, at cost (25,319,235 shares at June 30, 2020

and December 31, 2019)

 

 

(1,072

)

 

 

(1,072

)

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

872

 

 

 

859

 

Retained earnings

 

 

1,290

 

 

 

1,249

 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

 

(435

)

 

 

(349

)

Total Chemours stockholders’ equity

 

 

657

 

 

 

689

 

Non-controlling interests

 

 

2

 

 

 

6

 

Total equity

 

 

659

 

 

 

695

 

Total liabilities and equity

 

$

7,034

 

 

$

7,258

 

 

See accompanying notes to the interim consolidated financial statements.

4


 

The Chemours Company

Interim Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

 

Common Stock

 

 

Treasury Stock

 

 

Additional

 

 

Retained

 

 

Accumulated

Other Comprehensive

 

 

Non-controlling

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Paid-in Capital

 

 

Earnings

 

 

(Loss) Income

 

 

Interests

 

 

Total Equity

 

Balance at April 1, 2019

 

 

188,693,084

 

 

$

2

 

 

 

23,702,095

 

 

$

(1,011

)

 

$

845

 

 

$

1,517

 

 

$

(543

)

 

$

6

 

 

$

816

 

Common stock issued - compensation plans

 

 

13,505

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercise of stock options, net

 

 

94,612

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

Purchases of treasury stock, at cost

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,617,140

 

 

 

(61

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(61

)

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

96

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

96

 

Dividends declared on common shares ($0.25 per share)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(42

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(42

)

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

12

 

Balance at June 30, 2019

 

 

188,801,201

 

 

$

2

 

 

 

25,319,235

 

 

$

(1,072

)

 

$

853

 

 

$

1,571

 

 

$

(531

)

 

$

6

 

 

$

829

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at April 1, 2020

 

 

189,537,718

 

 

$

2

 

 

 

25,319,235

 

 

$

(1,072

)

 

$

870

 

 

$

1,308

 

 

$

(453

)

 

$

6

 

 

$

661

 

Common stock issued - compensation plans

 

 

8,872

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercise of stock options, net

 

 

5,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24

 

Dividends declared on common shares ($0.25 per share)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(41

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(41

)

Dividends to non-controlling interests

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(4

)

 

 

(4

)

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

��

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

18

 

 

 

 

 

 

18

 

Balance at June 30, 2020

 

 

189,551,590

 

 

$

2

 

 

 

25,319,235

 

 

$

(1,072

)

 

$

872

 

 

$

1,290

 

 

$

(435

)

 

$

2

 

 

$

659

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

 

Treasury Stock

 

 

Additional

 

 

Retained

 

 

Accumulated

Other Comprehensive

 

 

Non-controlling

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Paid-in Capital

 

 

Earnings

 

 

(Loss) Income

 

 

Interests

 

 

Total Equity

 

Balance at January 1, 2019

 

 

187,204,567

 

 

$

2

 

 

 

16,424,093

 

 

$

(750

)

 

$

860

 

 

$

1,466

 

 

$

(564

)

 

$

6

 

 

$

1,020

 

Common stock issued - compensation plans

 

 

1,091,539

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercise of stock options, net

 

 

505,095

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8

 

Purchases of treasury stock, at cost

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,895,142

 

 

 

(322

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(322

)

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14

 

Cancellation of unissued stock awards withheld to cover taxes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(30

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(30

)

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

189

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

189

 

Dividends declared on common shares ($0.50 per share)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(83

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(83

)

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

33

 

 

 

 

 

 

33

 

Balance at June 30, 2019

 

 

188,801,201

 

 

$

2

 

 

 

25,319,235

 

 

$

(1,072

)

 

$

853

 

 

$

1,571

 

 

$

(531

)

 

$

6

 

 

$

829

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at January 1, 2020

 

 

188,893,478

 

 

$

2

 

 

 

25,319,235

 

 

$

(1,072

)

 

$

859

 

 

$

1,249

 

 

$

(349

)

 

$

6

 

 

$

695

 

Common stock issued - compensation plans

 

 

219,629

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercise of stock options, net

 

 

438,483

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9

 

Cancellation of unissued stock awards withheld to cover taxes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2

)

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

124

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

124

 

Dividends declared on common shares ($0.50 per share)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(82

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(82

)

Dividends to non-controlling interests

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(4

)

 

 

(4

)

Other comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(86

)

 

 

 

 

 

(86

)

Balance at June 30, 2020

 

 

189,551,590

 

 

$

2

 

 

 

25,319,235

 

 

$

(1,072

)

 

$

872

 

 

$

1,290

 

 

$

(435

)

 

$

2

 

 

$

659

 

 


See accompanying notes to the interim consolidated financial statements.

5


 

The Chemours Company

Interim Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions)

 

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

124

 

 

$

189

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by (used for) operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

160

 

 

 

154

 

Gain on sales of assets and businesses

 

 

 

 

 

(3

)

Equity in earnings of affiliates, net

 

 

(11

)

 

 

(15

)

Amortization of debt issuance costs and issue discounts

 

 

5

 

 

 

5

 

Deferred tax (benefit) provision

 

 

(70

)

 

 

2

 

Asset-related charges

 

 

11

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

9

 

 

 

14

 

Net periodic pension cost

 

 

6

 

 

 

1

 

Defined benefit plan contributions

 

 

(14

)

 

 

(13

)

Other operating charges and credits, net

 

 

(3

)

 

 

1

 

Decrease (increase) in operating assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts and notes receivable, net

 

 

128

 

 

 

(16

)

Inventories and other operating assets

 

 

33

 

 

 

(70

)

(Decrease) increase in operating liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable and other operating liabilities

 

 

(223

)

 

 

(287

)

Cash provided by (used for) operating activities

 

 

155

 

 

 

(38

)

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of property, plant, and equipment

 

 

(167

)

 

 

(257

)

Proceeds from sales of assets and businesses, net

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Foreign exchange contract settlements, net

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

Cash used for investing activities

 

 

(163

)

 

 

(256

)

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from accounts receivable securitization facility

 

 

12

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from revolving loan

 

 

300

 

 

 

150

 

Debt repayments

 

 

(134

)

 

 

(6

)

Payments on finance leases

 

 

(3

)

 

 

 

Purchases of treasury stock, at cost

 

 

 

 

 

(322

)

Proceeds from exercised stock options, net

 

 

5

 

 

 

8

 

Payments related to tax withholdings on vested stock awards

 

 

(2

)

 

 

(30

)

Payments of dividends to the Company's common shareholders

 

 

(82

)

 

 

(83

)

Distributions to non-controlling interest shareholders

 

 

(4

)

 

 

 

Cash provided by (used for) financing activities

 

 

92

 

 

 

(283

)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

 

 

4

 

 

 

6

 

Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

88

 

 

 

(571

)

Cash and cash equivalents at January 1,

 

 

943

 

 

 

1,201

 

Cash and cash equivalents at June 30,

 

$

1,031

 

 

$

630

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental cash flows information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-cash investing and financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Changes in property, plant, and equipment included in accounts payable

 

$

25

 

 

$

(25

)

Obligations incurred under build-to-suit lease arrangement

 

 

 

 

 

30

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the interim consolidated financial statements.

6


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

Note 1. Background, Description of the Business, and Basis of Presentation

 

The Chemours Company (“Chemours”, or the “Company”) is a leading, global provider of performance chemicals that are key inputs in end-products and processes in a variety of industries. The Company delivers customized solutions with a wide range of industrial and specialty chemical products for markets, including plastics and coatings, refrigeration and air conditioning, general industrial, electronics, mining, and oil refining. The Company’s principal products include refrigerants, industrial fluoropolymer resins, sodium cyanide, performance chemicals and intermediates, and titanium dioxide (“TiO2”) pigment. Chemours manages and reports its operating results through 3 reportable segments: Fluoroproducts, Chemical Solutions, and Titanium Technologies. The Fluoroproducts segment is a leading, global provider of fluoroproducts, including refrigerants and industrial fluoropolymer resins. The Chemical Solutions segment is a leading, North American provider of industrial chemicals used in gold production, industrial, and consumer applications. The Titanium Technologies segment is a leading, global provider of TiO2 pigment, a premium white pigment used to deliver whiteness, brightness, opacity, and protection in a variety of applications.

 

Chemours separated from E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company (“DuPont”) on July 1, 2015 (the “Separation”). On August 31, 2017, DuPont completed a merger with The Dow Chemical Company (“Dow”). Following their merger, DuPont and Dow engaged in a series of reorganization steps and, in 2019, separated into three publicly-traded companies named Dow Inc., DuPont de Nemours, Inc., and Corteva, Inc. (“Corteva”).

 

Unless the context otherwise requires, references herein to “The Chemours Company”, “Chemours”, “the Company”, “our Company”, “we”, “us”, and “our” refer to The Chemours Company and its consolidated subsidiaries. References to “DuPont” refer to E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, which is now a subsidiary of Corteva.

 

The accompanying interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal, recurring adjustments) considered necessary for a fair statement of the Company’s results for interim periods have been included. The notes that follow are an integral part of the Company’s interim consolidated financial statements. The Company’s results for interim periods should not be considered indicative of its results for a full year, and the year-end consolidated balance sheet does not include all of the disclosures required by GAAP. As such, these interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation, the effect of which was not material to the Company’s interim consolidated financial statements.

 


7


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

Considerations related to the current novel coronavirus disease (“COVID-19”)

 

In December 2019, an outbreak of illness caused by COVID-19 was identified in Wuhan, China, and the virus has since continued to spread globally. In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a global pandemic, and the President of the United States declared the COVID-19 outbreak a national emergency. Since the initial stages of the pandemic, certain economies in regions throughout the world have started to reopen; however, the U.S. has started to see a sizeable resurgence in the number of positively identified infections. While the U.S. epicenter of the COVID-19 pandemic was originally presumed to be in the northeast region of the country, infections have continued to spread throughout the south and mid-west regions of the U.S., leading to health-related concerns in states where the Company has several key manufacturing facilities. In an attempt to minimize the transmission of COVID-19, significant social and economic restrictions have been imposed throughout the U.S. and abroad. These restrictions, while necessary and important for public health, have negative business-related implications for the Company and the U.S. and global economies. In consideration of the Company’s global customer base, the rates at which economies across the globe recover or worsen may drive varying levels of end-market demand for the various performance chemicals provided by the Company’s three segments. In turn, the magnitude and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic create significant uncertainties for the Company’s customer demand and financial results and, during the quarter ended June 30, 2020, have caused adverse impacts on the Company’s results of operations.

 

In response to these uncertainties, during the second quarter of 2020, management decided to take certain precautionary measures in light of macroeconomic uncertainties driven by COVID-19. On April 8, 2020, the Company drew $300 from its revolving credit facility, which may be used in the future for working capital needs or other general corporate purposes. Management also elected to accept tax relief provided by various taxing jurisdictions during the first half of 2020, resulting in the deferral of approximately $75 in tax payments. From a cost savings perspective, management implemented a range of actions aimed at reducing costs, inclusive of reducing all discretionary spend, freezing non-critical hiring, delaying external spend wherever possible, reducing structural plant fixed costs, and temporarily reducing base salaries where legally permissible. Management continues to expect that available cash, cash from operations, and existing debt financing arrangements will provide the Company with sufficient liquidity through at least July 2021.

 

In the preparation of these financial statements and related disclosures, management has assessed the impact of COVID-19 on its results, estimates, assumptions, forecasts, and accounting policies and made additional disclosures, as necessary. As the COVID-19 situation is unprecedented and ever evolving, future events and effects related to the illness cannot be determined with precision, and actual results could significantly differ from estimates or forecasts.

 

 

Note 2. Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

Recently Adopted Accounting Guidance

 

Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments

 

In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“ASU No. 2016-13”). The amendments in this update affect loans, debt securities, trade receivables, and any other financial assets that have the contractual right to receive cash, which, for the Company, primarily consists of accounts and notes receivable, net. ASU No. 2016-13 requires an entity to recognize expected credit losses rather than incurred losses for financial assets. The Company adopted ASU No. 2016-13 on January 1, 2020 using the modified retrospective transition method, the effect of which was not material to its financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.

 

Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting

 

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting (“ASU No. 2020-04”). The amendments in this update provide optional guidance for a limited period of time to ease the potential burden associated with accounting for contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions that reference the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) or another reference rate expected to be discontinued due to reference rate reform. ASU No. 2020-04 is effective March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the impacts this standard will have on its accounting for contracts and hedging relationships.

 

 


8


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

Note 3. Net Sales                                   

 

Disaggregation of Net Sales

 

The following table sets forth a disaggregation of the Company’s net sales by geographic region and segment and product group for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Net sales by geographic region (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

North America:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fluoroproducts

 

$

229

 

 

$

305

 

 

$

493

 

 

$

592

 

Chemical Solutions

 

 

51

 

 

 

85

 

 

 

106

 

 

 

159

 

Titanium Technologies

 

 

176

 

 

 

176

 

 

 

369

 

 

 

372

 

Total North America

 

 

456

 

 

 

566

 

 

 

968

 

 

 

1,123

 

Asia Pacific:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fluoroproducts

 

 

153

 

 

 

175

 

 

 

286

 

 

 

338

 

Chemical Solutions

 

 

5

 

 

 

16

 

 

 

13

 

 

 

31

 

Titanium Technologies

 

 

161

 

 

 

195

 

 

 

354

 

 

 

362

 

Total Asia Pacific

 

 

319

 

 

 

386

 

 

 

653

 

 

 

731

 

Europe, the Middle East, and Africa:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fluoroproducts

 

 

111

 

 

 

178

 

 

 

270

 

 

 

364

 

Chemical Solutions

 

 

6

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

10

 

Titanium Technologies

 

 

99

 

 

 

123

 

 

 

247

 

 

 

237

 

Total Europe, the Middle East, and Africa

 

 

216

 

 

 

305

 

 

 

528

 

 

 

611

 

Latin America (2):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fluoroproducts

 

 

30

 

 

 

54

 

 

 

74

 

 

 

104

 

Chemical Solutions

 

 

20

 

 

 

25

 

 

 

45

 

 

 

64

 

Titanium Technologies

 

 

52

 

 

 

72

 

 

 

130

 

 

 

151

 

Total Latin America

 

 

102

 

 

 

151

 

 

 

249

 

 

 

319

 

Total net sales

 

$

1,093

 

 

$

1,408

 

 

$

2,398

 

 

$

2,784

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net sales by segment and product group

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fluoroproducts:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fluorochemicals

 

$

231

 

 

$

375

 

 

$

539

 

 

$

724

 

Fluoropolymers

 

 

292

 

 

 

336

 

 

 

584

 

 

 

674

 

Chemical Solutions:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mining solutions

 

 

47

 

 

 

61

 

 

 

98

 

 

 

130

 

Performance chemicals and intermediates

 

 

35

 

 

 

69

 

 

 

77

 

 

 

134

 

Titanium Technologies:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Titanium dioxide and other minerals

 

 

488

 

 

 

567

 

 

 

1,100

 

 

 

1,122

 

Total net sales

 

$

1,093

 

 

$

1,408

 

 

$

2,398

 

 

$

2,784

 

 

(1)

Net sales are attributed to countries based on customer location.

 

(2)

Latin America includes Mexico.

 

Substantially all of the Company’s net sales are derived from goods and services transferred at a point in time.

 


9


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

Contract Balances

 

The Company’s assets and liabilities from contracts with customers constitute accounts receivable - trade, deferred revenue, and customer rebates. An amount for accounts receivable - trade is recorded when the right to consideration under a contract becomes unconditional. An amount for deferred revenue is recorded when consideration is received prior to the conclusion that a contract exists, or when a customer transfers consideration prior to the Company satisfying its performance obligations under a contract. Customer rebates represent an expected refund liability to a customer based on a contract. In contracts with customers where a rebate is offered, it is generally applied retroactively based on the achievement of a certain sales threshold. As revenue is recognized, the Company estimates whether or not the sales threshold will be achieved to determine the amount of variable consideration to include in the transaction price.

 

The following table sets forth the Company’s contract balances from contracts with customers at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

 

 

June 30, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Accounts receivable - trade, net (1)

 

$

490

 

 

$

602

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

14

 

 

 

15

 

Customer rebates

 

 

44

 

 

 

72

 

 

(1)

Accounts receivable - trade, net includes trade notes receivable of $1 and less than $1 and is net of allowances for doubtful accounts of $4 and $5 at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. Such allowances are equal to the estimated uncollectible amounts.

 

Changes in the Company’s deferred revenue balances resulting from additions for advance payments and deductions for amounts recognized in net sales during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 were not significant. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, the amount of net sales recognized from performance obligations satisfied in prior periods (e.g., due to changes in transaction price) was not significant.

 

There were 0 other contract asset balances or capitalized costs associated with obtaining or fulfilling customer contracts as of June 30, 2020 or December 31, 2019.

 

Remaining Performance Obligations

 

Certain of the Company’s master services agreements or other arrangements contain take-or-pay clauses, whereby customers are required to purchase a fixed minimum quantity of product during a specified period, or pay the Company for such orders, even if not requested by the customer. The Company considers these take-or-pay clauses to be an enforceable contract, and as such, the legally-enforceable minimum amounts under such an arrangement are considered to be outstanding performance obligations on contracts with an original expected duration greater than one year. At June 30, 2020, Chemours had $52 of remaining performance obligations. The Company expects to recognize approximately 52% of its remaining performance obligations as revenue in 2020, an approximate additional 25% in 2021, and the balance thereafter. The Company applies the allowable practical expedient and does not include remaining performance obligations that have original expected durations of one year or less, or amounts for variable consideration allocated to wholly-unsatisfied performance obligations or wholly-unsatisfied distinct goods that form part of a single performance obligation, if any. Amounts for contract renewals that are not yet exercised by June 30, 2020 are also excluded.

 

 

Note 4. Restructuring, Asset-related, and Other Charges

 

The following table sets forth the components of the Company’s restructuring, asset-related, and other charges for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Restructuring and other charges:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employee separation charges

 

$

6

 

 

$

 

 

$

14

 

 

$

 

Decommissioning and other charges

 

 

1

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

15

 

Total restructuring and other charges

 

 

7

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

17

 

 

 

15

 

Asset-related charges

 

 

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

 

Total restructuring, asset-related, and other charges

 

$

17

 

 

$

7

 

 

$

28

 

 

$

15

 


10


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

The following table sets forth the impacts of the Company’s restructuring programs to segment earnings for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Restructuring and other charges:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plant and product line closures:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chemical Solutions

 

$

3

 

 

$

 

 

$

4

 

 

$

1

 

Corporate and Other

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

12

 

Total plant and product line closures

 

 

3

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

13

 

2017 Restructuring Program:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fluoroproducts

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Titanium Technologies

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Corporate and Other

 

 

(1

)

 

 

(1

)

 

 

(1

)

 

 

 

Total 2017 Restructuring Program

 

 

(1

)

 

 

1

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

2

 

2019 Restructuring Program:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fluoroproducts

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

Total 2019 Restructuring Program

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

2020 Restructuring Program:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chemical Solutions

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

Fluoroproducts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

Titanium Technologies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

Corporate and Other

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

Total 2020 Restructuring Program

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

 

 

 

 

Total restructuring and other charges

 

 

7

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

17

 

 

 

15

 

Asset-related charges:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chemical Solutions

 

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

 

Corporate and Other

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

Total asset-related charges

 

 

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

 

Total restructuring, asset-related, and other charges

 

$

17

 

 

$

7

 

 

$

28

 

 

$

15

 

 

Plant and Product Line Closures

 

In the fourth quarter of 2015, the Company announced its completion of the strategic review of its Reactive Metals Solutions business and the decision to stop production at its Niagara Falls, New York manufacturing plant. The Company recorded additional decommissioning and dismantling-related charges of $1 and $2 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, and $1 for the six months ended June 30, 2019. The Company expects to incur approximately $3 in additional restructuring charges for similar activities through 2021, all of which relates to Chemical Solutions. As of June 30, 2020, the Company has incurred, in the aggregate, $39 in restructuring charges related to these activities, excluding asset-related charges.

 

In the first quarter of 2018, the Company began a project to demolish and remove several dormant, unused buildings at its Chambers Works site in Deepwater, New Jersey, which were assigned to Chemours in connection with its Separation from DuPont and never used in Chemours’ operations. The Company recorded additional decommissioning and dismantling-related charges of $1 for the six months ended June 30, 2020, and $6 and $12 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively. The Company expects to incur approximately $6 in additional restructuring charges related to its Chambers Works site through the end of 2021, all of which relates to Corporate and Other. As of June 30, 2020, the Company has incurred, in the aggregate, $28 in restructuring charges related to these activities.


11


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

In the second quarter of 2020, the Company completed a business review of its Aniline business. It was determined that the Aniline business is not core to the Company’s future strategy, and the decision was made to stop production at the Pascagoula, Mississippi manufacturing plant by the end of 2020. As a result, during the three months ended June 30, 2020, the Company recorded asset-related charges of $10, which are comprised of $6 for property, plant, and equipment and other asset impairments and $4 for environmental remediation liabilities. The Company also recorded employee separation-related liabilities of $2. In conjunction with this decision, approximately 75 employees will separate from the Company in 2021 and will be subject to our customary involuntary termination benefits. The associated severance payments will also be made in 2021. The Company expects to incur approximately $3 in additional restructuring charges related to decommissioning and dismantling of its Pascagoula site by the end of 2021, all of which relates to Chemical Solutions.

 

2017 Restructuring Program

 

In 2017, the Company announced certain restructuring activities designed to further the cost savings and productivity improvements outlined under management’s transformation plan. These activities include, among other efforts: (i) outsourcing and further centralizing certain business process activities; (ii) consolidating existing, outsourced third-party information technology (“IT”) providers; and, (iii) implementing various upgrades to the Company’s current IT infrastructure. In connection with these corporate function efforts, the Company recorded $1 and $2 in restructuring-related charges for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively.

 

In 2017, the Company also announced a voluntary separation program (“VSP”) for certain eligible U.S. employees in an effort to better manage the anticipated future changes to its workforce. Employees who volunteered for and were accepted under the VSP received certain financial incentives above the Company’s customary involuntary termination benefits to end their employment with Chemours after providing a mutually agreed-upon service period. Approximately 300 employees separated from the Company through the end of 2018. An accrual representing the majority of these termination benefits, amounting to $18, was recognized in the fourth quarter of 2017. The remaining $9 of incremental, one-time financial incentives under the VSP were recognized over the period that each participating employee continued to provide service to Chemours.

 

The Company recorded charges for its 2017 Restructuring Program of $1 and $2 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively. The cumulative amount incurred, in the aggregate, for the Company’s 2017 Restructuring Program amounted to $61 at June 30, 2020. The Company has substantially completed all actions related to this program.

 

2019 Restructuring Program

 

In the third quarter of 2019, management initiated a severance program of the Company’s corporate functions and businesses, and the majority of employees separated from the Company during the fourth quarter of 2019. As of June 30, 2020, the cumulative amount incurred, in the aggregate, for the Company’s 2019 Restructuring Program amounted to $25, the majority of which was incurred in the third and fourth quarters of 2019. The Company has substantially completed incurring severance costs for this program. At June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, $5 and $14 remained as an employee separation-related liability, respectively, and the majority of the associated severance payments will be made by the end of 2020.

 

2020 Restructuring Program

 

In the first quarter of 2020, management initiated a severance program that was largely attributable to further aligning the cost structure of the Company’s businesses and corporate functions with its financial objectives. As of June 30, 2020, the cumulative amount incurred, in the aggregate, for the Company’s 2020 Restructuring Program amounted to $10, the majority of which was incurred in the first quarter of 2020. The Company has substantially completed incurring severance costs for this program. At June 30, 2020, $7 remained as an employee separation-related liability. The majority of the impacted employees will separate from the Company, and the majority of the associated severance payments will be made, by the end of 2020.

 

 


12


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

The following table sets forth the change in the Company’s employee separation-related liabilities associated with its restructuring programs for the six months ended June 30, 2020.

 

 

 

Chemical Solutions

Site Closures

 

 

2017

Restructuring

Program

 

 

2019

Restructuring

Program

 

 

2020

Restructuring

Program

 

 

Total

 

Balance at December 31, 2019

 

$

 

 

$

1

 

 

$

14

 

 

$

 

 

$

15

 

Charges (credits) to income

 

 

2

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

3

 

 

 

10

 

 

 

14

 

Payments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(12

)

 

 

(3

)

 

 

(15

)

Balance at June 30, 2020

 

$

2

 

 

$

 

 

$

5

 

 

$

7

 

 

$

14

 

 

At June 30, 2020, there were no significant outstanding liabilities related to the Company’s decommissioning and other restructuring-related charges.

 

 

Note 5. Other Income (Expense), Net

 

The following table sets forth the components of the Company’s other income (expense), net for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Leasing, contract services, and miscellaneous income (1)

 

$

3

 

 

$

16

 

 

$

9

 

 

$

41

 

Royalty income (2)

 

 

4

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

9

 

Gain on sales of assets and businesses

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

Exchange gains (losses), net (3)

 

 

6

 

 

 

(9

)

 

 

(19

)

 

 

(3

)

Non-operating pension and other post-retirement employee benefit income (4)

 

 

1

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

6

 

Total other income (expense), net

 

$

14

 

 

$

16

 

 

$

(1

)

 

$

55

 

 

(1)

Leasing, contract services, and miscellaneous income includes European Union fluorinated greenhouse gas quota authorization sales of $1 and $2 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, and $12 and $36 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively.

 

(2)

Royalty income for the periods ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 is primarily from technology licensing.

 

(3)

Exchange gains (losses), net includes gains and losses on the Company’s foreign currency forward contracts that have not been designated as a cash flow hedge.

 

(4)

Non-operating pension and other post-retirement employee benefit income represents the components of net periodic pension income (cost), excluding the service cost component.

 

 


13


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

Note 6. Income Taxes

 

During the first quarter of 2020, the Company recorded a one-time tax benefit of $18, which was related to the United States Internal Revenue Service acceptance of a non-automatic accounting method change that allows for the recovery of tax basis for depreciation, which had been previously disallowed. The balance sheet impact of this adjustment is reflected as a deferred tax asset on the consolidated balance sheet.

 

In the United States, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (“CARES”) Act was passed on March 27, 2020. This legislative relief, as well as other government relief programs, include measures that could impact direct and indirect tax provisions. Management has analyzed the relief in jurisdictions in which the Company operates, and the applicable impacts, which are not material to the Company’s benefit from income taxes for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020.

 

On July 28, 2020, the U.S. Treasury Department released final and proposed regulations with guidance on the business interest expense limitation under Internal Revenue Code Section 163(j). The Section 163(j) Limitation was modified in December 2017 by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act and in March 2020 by the CARES Act. These regulations will be effective for tax years 2021 forward, with the option of applying to tax years 2018 – 2020. The Company is assessing the full impact of these regulations but does not expect a material impact to any historical or current tax positions.

 

 

Note 7. Earnings Per Share of Common Stock

 

The following table sets forth the reconciliations of the numerators and denominators for the Company’s basic and diluted earnings per share (“EPS”) calculations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Numerator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income attributable to Chemours

 

$

24

 

 

$

96

 

 

$

124

 

 

$

189

 

Denominator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average number of common shares

outstanding - basic

 

 

164,648,103

 

 

 

164,118,816

 

 

 

164,448,226

 

 

 

165,982,289

 

Dilutive effect of the Company’s employee

compensation plans

 

 

765,838

 

 

 

2,822,810

 

 

 

888,190

 

 

 

3,508,621

 

Weighted-average number of common shares

outstanding - diluted

 

 

165,413,941

 

 

 

166,941,626

 

 

 

165,336,416

 

 

 

169,490,910

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share of common stock

 

$

0.15

 

 

$

0.58

 

 

$

0.75

 

 

$

1.14

 

Diluted earnings per share of common stock

 

 

0.15

 

 

 

0.57

 

 

 

0.75

 

 

 

1.12

 

 

The following table sets forth the average number of stock options that were anti-dilutive and, therefore, were not included in the Company’s diluted EPS calculations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Average number of stock options

 

 

7,088,463

 

 

 

1,800,298

 

 

 

6,072,203

 

 

 

1,241,716

 

 

 


14


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

Note 8. Accounts and Notes Receivable, Net

 

The following table sets forth the components of the Company’s accounts and notes receivable, net at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

 

 

June 30, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Accounts receivable - trade, net (1,2)

 

$

490

 

 

$

602

 

VAT, GST, and other taxes (3)

 

 

43

 

 

 

59

 

Other receivables (4)

 

 

7

 

 

 

13

 

Total accounts and notes receivable, net

 

$

540

 

 

$

674

 

 

(1)

Accounts receivable - trade, net includes trade notes receivable of $1 and less than $1 and is net of allowances for doubtful accounts of $4 and $5 at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. Such allowances are equal to the estimated uncollectible amounts.

 

(2)

On January 1, 2020, the Company adopted ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, the effect of which was not material to its accounts receivable - trade or its allowance for doubtful accounts. See “Note 2 – Recent Accounting Pronouncements” for further details.

 

(3)

Value added tax (“VAT”) and goods and services tax (“GST”) for various jurisdictions.

 

(4)

Other receivables consist of derivative instruments, advances, and other deposits.

 

Accounts and notes receivable are carried at amounts that approximate fair value. Bad debt expense amounted to less than $1 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

 

Note 9. Inventories

 

The following table sets forth the components of the Company’s inventories at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

 

 

June 30, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Finished products

 

$

641

 

 

$

589

 

Semi-finished products

 

 

188

 

 

 

189

 

Raw materials, stores, and supplies

 

 

509

 

 

 

559

 

Inventories before LIFO adjustment

 

 

1,338

 

 

 

1,337

 

Less: Adjustment of inventories to LIFO basis

 

 

(264

)

 

 

(258

)

Total inventories

 

$

1,074

 

 

$

1,079

 

 

Inventory values, before last-in, first-out (“LIFO”) adjustment are generally determined by the average cost method, which approximates current cost. Inventories are valued under the LIFO method at substantially all of the Company’s U.S. locations, which comprised $660 and $674 (or 49% and 50%) of inventories before the LIFO adjustments at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. The remainder of the Company’s inventory held in international locations and certain U.S. locations is valued under the average cost method.

 


15


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

Note 10. Property, Plant, and Equipment, Net

 

The following table sets forth the components of the Company’s property, plant, and equipment, net at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

 

 

June 30, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Equipment

 

$

7,600

 

 

$

7,600

 

Buildings

 

 

1,138

 

 

 

1,174

 

Construction-in-progress

 

 

415

 

 

 

493

 

Land

 

 

107

 

 

 

110

 

Mineral rights

 

 

36

 

 

 

36

 

Property, plant, and equipment

 

 

9,296

 

 

 

9,413

 

Less: Accumulated depreciation

 

 

(5,873

)

 

 

(5,854

)

Total property, plant, and equipment, net

 

$

3,423

 

 

$

3,559

 

 

Property, plant, and equipment, net included gross assets under finance leases of $68 at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

Depreciation expense amounted to $80 and $157 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, and $76 and $151 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively.

 

 

Note 11. Investments in Affiliates

 

The Company engages in transactions with its equity method investees in the ordinary course of business. Net sales to the Company’s equity method investees amounted to $25 and $47 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, and $32 and $64 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively. Purchases from the Company’s equity method investees amounted to $34 and $69 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, and $41 and $85 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively. The Company also received less than $1 and $4 in dividends from its equity method investees for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, and less than $1 and $1 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively.

 

 

Note 12. Other Assets

 

The following table sets forth the components of the Company’s other assets at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

 

 

June 30, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Capitalized repair and maintenance costs

 

$

119

 

 

$

148

 

Pension assets (1)

 

 

68

 

 

 

59

 

Deferred income taxes

 

 

47

 

 

 

40

 

Miscellaneous

 

 

41

 

 

 

45

 

Total other assets

 

$

275

 

 

$

292

 

 

(1)

Pension assets represents the funded status of certain of the Company's long-term employee benefit plans.

 


16


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

Note 13. Other Accrued Liabilities

 

The following table sets forth the components of the Company’s other accrued liabilities at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

 

 

June 30, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Compensation and other employee-related costs

 

$

50

 

 

$

52

 

Employee separation costs (1)

 

 

14

 

 

 

15

 

Accrued litigation (2)

 

 

9

 

 

 

10

 

Environmental remediation (2)

 

 

91

 

 

 

74

 

Income taxes

 

 

91

 

 

 

65

 

Customer rebates

 

 

44

 

 

 

72

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

8

 

 

 

7

 

Accrued interest

 

 

21

 

 

 

21

 

Operating lease liabilities

 

 

66

 

 

 

66

 

Miscellaneous (3)

 

 

92

 

 

 

102

 

Total other accrued liabilities

 

$

486

 

 

$

484

 

 

(1)

Represents the current portion of accrued employee separation costs related to the Company’s restructuring activities, which are discussed further in “Note 4 – Restructuring, Asset-related, and Other Charges”.

 

(2)

Represents the current portions of accrued litigation and environmental remediation, which are discussed further in “Note 16 – Commitments and Contingent Liabilities”.

 

(3)

Miscellaneous primarily includes accrued utility expenses, property taxes, an accrued indemnification liability, the current portion of the Company’s asset retirement obligations, and other miscellaneous expenses.

 

 

Note 14. Debt

 

The following table sets forth the components of the Company’s debt at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

 

 

June 30, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Senior secured term loans:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tranche B-2 U.S. dollar term loan due April 2025

 

$

880

 

 

$

884

 

Tranche B-2 euro term loan due April 2025

(€342 at June 30, 2020 and €344 at December 31, 2019)

 

 

385

 

 

 

383

 

Revolving loan

 

 

300

 

 

 

 

Senior unsecured notes:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6.625% due May 2023

 

 

908

 

 

 

908

 

7.000% due May 2025

 

 

750

 

 

 

750

 

4.000% due May 2026

(€450 at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019)

 

 

506

 

 

 

501

 

5.375% due May 2027

 

 

500

 

 

 

500

 

Securitization Facility

 

 

 

 

 

110

 

Finance lease liabilities

 

 

57

 

 

 

59

 

Financing obligation (1)

 

 

94

 

 

 

95

 

Other

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

Total debt

 

 

4,380

 

 

 

4,196

 

Less: Unamortized issue discounts

 

 

(8

)

 

 

(8

)

Less: Unamortized debt issuance costs

 

 

(26

)

 

 

(28

)

Less: Short-term and current maturities of long-term debt

 

 

(19

)

 

 

(134

)

Total long-term debt, net

 

$

4,327

 

 

$

4,026

 

 

 

 

(1)

At June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, financing obligation includes $94 and $95, respectively, in connection with the financed portion of the Company’s research and development facility on the Science, Technology, and Advanced Research Campus of the University of Delaware in Newark, Delaware (“Chemours Discovery Hub”).

 


17


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

Senior Secured Credit Facilities

 

The Company’s credit agreement, as amended and restated on April 3, 2018 (“Credit Agreement”), provides for seven-year, senior secured term loans and a five-year, $800 senior secured revolving credit facility (“Revolving Credit Facility”) (collectively, the “Senior Secured Credit Facilities”). The Company made term loan payments of $3 and $6 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. On April 8, 2020, as a precautionary measure in light of macroeconomic uncertainties driven by COVID-19, the Company drew $300 from its Revolving Credit Facility, the full amount of which remained outstanding at June 30, 2020. NaN borrowings were outstanding under the Revolving Credit Facility at December 31, 2019. Chemours also had $101 and $103 in letters of credit issued and outstanding under the Revolving Credit Facility at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. At June 30, 2020, the effective interest rates on the class of term loans denominated in U.S. dollars, the class of term loans denominated in euros, and the revolving loan were 1.9%, 2.5%, and 1.9%, respectively. Also, at June 30, 2020, commitment fees on the Revolving Credit Facility were assessed at a rate of 0.20% per annum.

 

Accounts Receivable Securitization Facility

 

On March 9, 2020, the Company, through a wholly-owned special purpose entity (“SPE”), entered into an amended and restated receivables purchase agreement (the “Amended Purchase Agreement”) under its accounts receivable securitization facility (“Securitization Facility”). The Amended Purchase Agreement amends and restates, in its entirety, the receivables purchase agreement dated as of July 12, 2019 (the “Original Purchase Agreement”). The Amended Purchase Agreement, among other things, extends the term of the Original Purchase Agreement such that the SPE may sell certain receivables and request investments and letters of credit until the earlier of March 5, 2021 or a termination event, and contains customary representations and warranties, as well as affirmative and negative covenants.

 

Pursuant to the Original Purchase Agreement, certain of the Company’s subsidiaries sold their accounts receivable to the SPE. In turn, the SPE transferred undivided ownership interests in such receivables to the bank in exchange for cash. However, as the SPE maintained effective control over the accounts receivable under the Original Purchase Agreement, the transfers of the ownership interests to the bank did not meet the criteria to account for the transfers as true sales. As a result, the Company accounted for the transfers as collateralized borrowings.

 

Pursuant to the Amended Purchase Agreement, the Company no longer maintains effective control over the transferred receivables, and therefore accounts for these transfers as sales of receivables. As a result, on March 9, 2020, the Company repurchased the then-outstanding receivables under the Securitization Facility through repayment of the secured borrowings under the Original Purchase Agreement, resulting in net repayments of $110 for the three months ended March 31, 2020, and sold $125 of its receivables to the bank. These sales were transacted at 100% of the face value of the relevant receivables, resulting in derecognition of the receivables from the Company’s consolidated balance sheets. Cash received from collections of sold receivables is used to fund additional purchases of receivables at 100% of face value on a revolving basis, not to exceed $125, which is the aggregate purchase limit. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company received $298 and $358, respectively, of cash collections on receivables sold under the Amended Purchase Agreement, following which it sold and derecognized $295 and $355, respectively, of incremental accounts receivable. The Company maintains continuing involvement as it acts as the servicer for the sold receivables and guarantees payment to the bank. As collateral against the sold receivables, the SPE maintains a certain level of unsold receivables, which amounted to $67 at June 30, 2020. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company incurred less than $1 and $1, respectively, of servicing and other fees associated with the Securitization Facility. Costs associated with the sales of receivables are reflected in the Company’s consolidated statements of operations for the periods in which the sales occur.

 

Other

 

During the third quarter of 2019, the Company entered into a financing arrangement, by which an external financing company funded certain of the Company’s annual insurance premiums for $11. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company made payments of $3 and $6, respectively. As of June 30, 2020, the Company has repaid all borrowings under this financing arrangement.

 


18


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

Maturities

 

The Company has required quarterly principal payments related to its senior secured term loans equivalent to 1.00% per annum through December 2024, with the balance due at maturity. Also, following the end of each fiscal year commencing on the year ended December 31, 2019, on an annual basis, the Company is required to make additional principal payments depending on leverage levels, as defined in the Credit Agreement. The Company is not required to make additional principal payments in 2020.

 

The following table sets forth the Company’s contractual debt principal maturities for the next five years and thereafter.

 

Remainder of 2020

 

$

6

 

2021

 

 

13

 

2022

 

 

13

 

2023

 

 

1,221

 

2024

 

 

13

 

Thereafter

 

 

2,963

 

Total principal maturities on debt

 

$

4,229

 

 

The Company’s senior secured terms loans due April 2025 are subject to a springing maturity in the event that its 6.625% senior unsecured notes due May 2023 are not redeemed, repaid, modified, and/or refinanced within the 91-day period prior to their maturity date.

 

Debt Fair Value

 

The following table sets forth the estimated fair values of the Company’s senior debt issues, which are based on quotes received from third-party brokers, and are classified as Level 2 financial instruments in the fair value hierarchy. The carrying value of borrowings outstanding under the Revolving Credit Facility approximate fair value due to the frequency at which the interest rate resets. The carrying value of borrowings outstanding under the Securitization Facility also approximate fair value based on the facility’s short-term nature and maturity.

 

 

 

June 30, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

 

Carrying Value

 

 

Fair Value

 

 

Carrying Value

 

 

Fair Value

 

Senior secured term loans:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tranche B-2 U.S. dollar term loan due April 2025

 

$

880

 

 

$

834

 

 

$

884

 

 

$

865

 

Tranche B-2 euro term loan due April 2025

(€342 at June 30, 2020 and €344 at December 31, 2019)

 

 

385

 

 

 

366

 

 

 

383

 

 

 

378

 

Revolving loan

 

 

300

 

 

 

300

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Senior unsecured notes:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6.625% due May 2023

 

 

908

 

 

 

870

 

 

 

908

 

 

 

917

 

7.000% due May 2025

 

 

750

 

 

 

718

 

 

 

750

 

 

 

755

 

4.000% due May 2026

(€450 at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019)

 

 

506

 

 

 

458

 

 

 

501

 

 

 

455

 

5.375% due May 2027

 

 

500

 

 

 

454

 

 

 

500

 

 

 

450

 

Securitization Facility

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

110

 

 

 

110

 

Total senior debt

 

 

4,229

 

 

$

4,000

 

 

 

4,036

 

 

$

3,930

 

Less: Unamortized issue discounts

 

 

(8

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(8

)

 

 

 

 

Less: Unamortized debt issuance costs

 

 

(26

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(28

)

 

 

 

 

Total senior debt, net

 

$

4,195

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

4,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


19


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

Note 15. Other Liabilities

 

The following table sets forth the components of the Company’s other liabilities at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

 

 

June 30, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Employee-related costs (1)

 

$

110

 

 

$

113

 

Accrued litigation (2)

 

 

51

 

 

 

50

 

Environmental remediation (2)

 

 

314

 

 

 

332

 

Asset retirement obligations

 

 

63

 

 

 

68

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

6

 

 

 

8

 

Miscellaneous (3)

 

 

66

 

 

 

62

 

Total other liabilities

 

$

610

 

 

$

633

 

 

(1)

Employee-related costs primarily represents liabilities associated with the Company’s long-term employee benefit plans.

 

(2)

Represents the long-term portions of accrued litigation and environmental remediation, which are discussed further in “Note 16 – Commitments and Contingent Liabilities”.

 

(3)

Miscellaneous primarily includes an accrued indemnification liability of $39 and $41 at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

 

 

Note 16. Commitments and Contingent Liabilities

 

Litigation Overview

 

In addition to the matters discussed below, the Company and certain of its subsidiaries, from time to time, are subject to various lawsuits, claims, assessments, and proceedings with respect to product liability, intellectual property, personal injury, commercial, contractual, employment, governmental, environmental, anti-trust, and other such matters that arise in the ordinary course of business. In addition, Chemours, by virtue of its status as a subsidiary of DuPont prior to the Separation, is subject to or required under the Separation-related agreements executed prior to the Separation to indemnify DuPont against various pending legal proceedings. It is not possible to predict the outcomes of these various lawsuits, claims, assessments, or proceedings. Except as noted below, while management believes it is reasonably possible that Chemours could incur losses in excess of the amounts accrued, if any, for the aforementioned proceedings, it does not believe any such loss would have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. Additional disputes between Chemours and DuPont may also arise with respect to indemnification matters, including disputes based on matters of law or contract interpretation. If and to the extent these disputes arise, they could materially adversely affect Chemours.

 

The Company accrues for litigation matters when it is probable that a liability has been incurred, and the amount of the liability can be reasonably estimated. Legal costs such as outside counsel fees and expenses are recognized in the period in which the expense was incurred. Management believes the Company’s litigation accruals are appropriate based on the facts and circumstances for each matter, which are discussed in further detail below.

 


20


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

The following table sets forth the components of the Company’s accrued litigation at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

 

 

June 30, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Asbestos

 

$

34

 

 

$

34

 

PFOA

 

 

21

 

 

20

 

All other matters

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

Total accrued litigation

 

$

60

 

 

$

60

 

 

The following table sets forth the current and long-term components of the Company’s accrued litigation and their balance sheet locations at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

 

 

Balance Sheet Location

 

June 30, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Accrued Litigation:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current accrued litigation

 

Other accrued liabilities (Note 13)

 

$

9

 

 

$

10

 

Long-term accrued litigation

 

Other liabilities (Note 15)

 

 

51

 

 

 

50

 

Total accrued litigation

 

 

 

$

60

 

 

$

60

 

 

Fayetteville Works, Fayetteville, North Carolina

 

For information regarding the Company’s ongoing litigation and environmental remediation matters at its Fayetteville Works site in Fayetteville, North Carolina (“Fayetteville”), refer to “Fayetteville Works, Fayetteville, North Carolina” under the “Environmental Overview” within this “Note 16 – Commitments and Contingent Liabilities”.

 

Asbestos

 

In the Separation, DuPont assigned its asbestos docket to Chemours. At June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, there were approximately 1,100 lawsuits pending against DuPont alleging personal injury from exposure to asbestos. These cases are pending in state and federal court in numerous jurisdictions in the U.S. and are individually set for trial. A small number of cases are pending outside of the U.S. Most of the actions were brought by contractors who worked at sites between the 1950s and the 1990s. A small number of cases involve similar allegations by DuPont employees or household members of contractors or DuPont employees. Finally, certain lawsuits allege personal injury as a result of exposure to DuPont products.

 

At June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, Chemours had an accrual of $34 related to these matters.

 

Benzene

 

In the Separation, DuPont assigned its benzene docket to Chemours. At June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, there were 18 and 16 cases pending against DuPont alleging benzene-related illnesses, respectively. These cases consist of premises matters involving contractors and deceased former employees who claim exposure to benzene while working at DuPont sites primarily in the 1960s through the 1980s, and product liability claims based on alleged exposure to benzene found in trace amounts in aromatic hydrocarbon solvents used to manufacture DuPont products such as paints, thinners, and reducers.

 

Management believes that a loss is reasonably possible as to the docket as a whole; however, given the evaluation of each benzene matter is highly fact-driven and impacted by disease, exposure, and other factors, a range of such losses cannot be reasonably estimated at this time.

 


21


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

PFOA

 

Chemours does not, and has never, used “PFOA” (collectively, perfluorooctanoic acids and its salts, including the ammonium salt) as a polymer processing aid and/or sold it as a commercial product. Prior to the Separation, the performance chemicals segment of DuPont made PFOA at Fayetteville and used PFOA as a processing aid in the manufacture of fluoropolymers and fluoroelastomers at certain sites, including: Washington Works, Parkersburg, West Virginia; Chambers Works, Deepwater, New Jersey; Dordrecht Works, Netherlands; Changshu Works, China; and, Shimizu, Japan. These sites are now owned and/or operated by Chemours.

 

Chemours maintained accruals of $21 and $20 related to PFOA matters under the Leach Settlement as discussed below at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. These accruals relate to DuPont’s obligations under agreements with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) and voluntary commitments to the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (“NJ DEP”). These obligations and voluntary commitments include surveying, sampling, and testing drinking water in and around certain Company sites, and offering treatment or an alternative supply of drinking water if tests indicate the presence of PFOA in drinking water at or greater than the state or the national health advisory. The Company will continue to work with the EPA and other authorities regarding the extent of work that may be required with respect to these matters.

 

Leach Settlement

 

In 2004, DuPont settled a class action captioned Leach v. DuPont, filed in West Virginia state court, alleging that approximately 80,000 residents living near the Washington Works facility had suffered, or may suffer, deleterious health effects from exposure to PFOA in drinking water. Among the settlement terms, DuPont funded a series of health studies by an independent science panel of experts (“C8 Science Panel”) to evaluate available scientific evidence on whether any probable link exists, as defined in the settlement agreement, between exposure to PFOA and disease.

 

The C8 Science Panel found probable links, as defined in the settlement agreement, between exposure to PFOA and pregnancy-induced hypertension, including preeclampsia, kidney cancer, testicular cancer, thyroid disease, ulcerative colitis, and diagnosed high cholesterol. Under the terms of the settlement, DuPont is obligated to fund up to $235 for a medical monitoring program for eligible class members and pay the administrative costs associated with the program, including class counsel fees. The court-appointed Director of Medical Monitoring implemented the program, and testing is ongoing with associated payments to service providers disbursed from an escrow account which the Company replenishes pursuant to the settlement agreement. As of June 30, 2020, approximately $1.7 has been disbursed from escrow related to medical monitoring. While it is reasonably possible that the Company will incur additional costs related to the medical monitoring program, such costs cannot be reasonably estimated due to uncertainties surrounding the level of participation by eligible class members and the scope of testing.

 

In addition, under the Leach settlement agreement, DuPont must continue to provide water treatment designed to reduce the level of PFOA in water to 6 area water districts and private well users. At Separation, this obligation was assigned to Chemours, and $21 and $20 was accrued for these matters at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

 

PFOA Leach Class Personal Injury

 

Further, under the Leach settlement, class members may pursue personal injury claims against DuPont only for those diseases for which the C8 Science Panel determined a probable link exists. Approximately 3,500 lawsuits were subsequently filed in various federal and state courts in Ohio and West Virginia and consolidated in multi-district litigation (“MDL”) in Ohio federal court. These were resolved in March 2017 when DuPont entered into an agreement settling all MDL cases and claims, including all filed and unfiled personal injury cases and claims that were part of the plaintiffs’ counsel’s claims inventory, as well as cases tried to a jury verdict (“MDL Settlement”) for $670.7 in cash, with half paid by Chemours, and half paid by DuPont.

 

Concurrently with the MDL Settlement, DuPont and Chemours agreed to a limited sharing of potential future PFOA costs (indemnifiable losses, as defined in the Separation agreement between DuPont and Chemours) for a period of five years. During that five-year period, Chemours will annually pay future PFOA costs up to $25 and, if such amount is exceeded, DuPont will pay any excess amount up to the next $25 (which payment will not be subject to indemnification by Chemours), with Chemours annually bearing any further excess costs under the terms of the Separation agreement. After the five-year period, this limited sharing agreement will expire, and Chemours’ indemnification obligations under the Separation agreement will continue unchanged. Chemours has also agreed that it will not contest its indemnification obligations to DuPont under the Separation agreement for PFOA costs on the basis of defenses generally applicable to the indemnification provisions under the Separation agreement, including defenses relating to punitive damages, fines or penalties, or attorneys’ fees, and waives any such defenses with respect to PFOA costs. Chemours has, however, retained other defenses, including as to whether any particular PFOA claim is within the scope of the indemnification provisions of the Separation agreement.

 

22


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

While all MDL lawsuits were dismissed or resolved through the MDL Settlement, the MDL Settlement did not resolve PFOA personal injury claims of plaintiffs who did not have cases or claims in the MDL or personal injury claims based on diseases first diagnosed after February 11, 2017. Since the resolution of the MDL, approximately 81 personal injury cases have been filed and are pending in West Virginia or Ohio courts alleging status as a Leach class member. These cases are consolidated before the MDL court. A 6-plaintiff trial involving kidney cancer matters previously set for June 2020 has been delayed due to COVID-19.

 

In March 2020, a 2-plaintiff trial before the MDL court resulted in: a mistrial in a kidney cancer case when the jury could not reach a verdict, and an award of $40 in compensatory and emotional distress damages and $10 in loss of consortium damages in a testicular cancer case. The jury found that DuPont’s conduct did not warrant punitive damages. The Company will appeal the verdict. Management believes that the probability of a loss regarding the verdict is remote, given numerous meritorious grounds for pending post-trial motions and appeal.

 

State of Ohio

 

In February 2018, the State of Ohio initiated litigation against DuPont regarding historical PFOA emissions from the Washington Works site. Chemours is an additional named defendant. Ohio alleges damage to natural resources and fraudulent transfer in the spin-off that created Chemours and seeks damages including remediation and other costs and punitive damages.

 

PFAS

 

DuPont and Chemours have received governmental and regulatory inquiries and have been named in other litigations, including class actions, brought by individuals, municipalities, businesses, and water districts alleging exposure to and/or contamination from perfluorinated and polyfluorinated compounds (“PFAS”), including PFOA. Many actions include an allegation of fraudulent transfer in the spin-off that created Chemours. Chemours has declined DuPont’s requests for indemnity for fraudulent transfer claims.

 

Chemours has responded to letters and inquiries from governmental law enforcement entities regarding PFAS, including in January 2020, a letter informing it that the U.S. Department of Justice, Consumer Protection Branch, and the United States Attorney’s Office for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania are considering whether to open a criminal investigation under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and asking that it retain its documents regarding PFAS and food contact applications. In July 2020, Chemours received a grand jury subpoena for documents. We are presently unable to predict the duration, scope, or result of any potential governmental, criminal, or civil proceeding that may result, the imposition of fines and penalties, and/or other remedies. We are also unable to develop a reasonable estimate of a possible loss or range of losses, if any.

 

Aqueous Film Forming Foam Matters

 

Chemours does not, and has never, manufactured aqueous film forming foam (“AFFF”). DuPont and Chemours have been named in several hundred matters, involving AFFF, which is used to extinguish hydrocarbon-based (i.e., Class B) fires and subject to U.S. military specifications. Most matters have been transferred to or filed directly into a multidistrict litigation (“AFFF MDL”) in South Carolina federal court or identified by a party for transfer. The matters pending in the AFFF MDL allege damages as a result of contamination, in most cases due to migration from military installations or airports, or personal injury from exposure to AFFF. Plaintiffs seek to recover damages for investigating, monitoring, remediating, treating, and otherwise responding to the contamination. Others have claims for personal injury, property diminution, and punitive damages.

 

There are AFFF lawsuits pending outside the AFFF MDL that have not been designated by a party for inclusion in the MDL. These matters identifying DuPont and/or Chemours as a defendant are:

Valero Refining (“Valero”) has six pending state court lawsuits filed commencing in June 2019 regarding its Tennessee, Texas, Oklahoma, California, and Louisiana facilities. These lawsuits allege that several defendants that designed, manufactured, marketed, and/or sold AFFF or PFAS incorporated into AFFF have caused Valero to incur damages and costs including remediation, AFFF disposal, and replacement. Valero also alleges fraudulent transfer.

In September 2019, a lawsuit alleging personal injury resulting from exposure to AFFF in Long Island drinking water was filed by 4 individuals in New York state court.Plaintiffs also allege violation of New York Uniform Fraudulent Conveyance Act and seek compensatory and punitive damages, and medical monitoring.  

 

In April 2020, Superior Refining Company and Lima Refining Company (“Superior”) filed a lawsuit in Wisconsin state court alleging that defendants who designated, manufactured, marketed and/or sold AFFF, or PFAS incorporated into AFFF, have caused it damages and costs including remediation, disposal, and replacement of AFFF. Superior also alleges fraudulent transfer.


23


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

State Natural Resource Damages Matters

 

In addition to the State of New Jersey actions (as detailed below) and the State of Ohio action (as detailed above), the states of Vermont, New Hampshire, New York, and Michigan have filed lawsuits against defendants, including DuPont and Chemours, relating to the alleged contamination of state natural resources with PFAS compounds either from AFFF and/or other sources. These lawsuits seek damages including costs to investigate, clean up, restore, treat, monitor, or otherwise respond to contamination to natural resources. The lawsuits include counts for fraudulent transfer.

 

Other PFAS Matters

 

DuPont has also been named in approximately 50 lawsuits pending in New York courts, which are not part of the Leach class, brought by individual plaintiffs alleging negligence and other claims in the release of PFAS, including PFOA, into drinking water, and seeking medical monitoring, compensatory, and punitive damages against current and former owners and suppliers of a manufacturing facility in Hoosick Falls, New York. NaN other lawsuits in New York have been filed by a business seeking to recover its losses and by nearby property owners and residents in a putative class action seeking medical monitoring, compensatory and punitive damages, and injunctive relief.

 

In May 2017, the Water Works and Sewer Board of the Town of Centre, Alabama filed suit against numerous carpet manufacturers located in Dalton, Georgia and suppliers and former suppliers, including DuPont, in Alabama state court. The complaint alleges negligence, nuisance, and trespass in the release of PFAS, including PFOA, into a river leading to the town’s water source, and seeks compensatory and punitive damages.

 

In February 2018, the New Jersey-American Water Company, Inc. (“NJAW”) filed suit against DuPont and Chemours in New Jersey federal court alleging that discharges in violation of the New Jersey Spill Compensation and Control Act (“Spill Act”) were made into groundwater utilized in the NJAW Penns Grove water system. NJAW alleges that damages include costs associated with remediating, operating, and maintaining its system, and attorney fees.

 

In October 2018, a putative class action was filed in Ohio federal court against 3M, DuPont, Chemours, and other defendants seeking class action status for U.S. residents having a detectable level of PFAS in their blood serum. The complaint seeks declaratory and injunctive relief, including the establishment of a “PFAS Science Panel”.

 

In December 2018, the owners of a dairy farm filed a lawsuit in Maine state court against numerous defendants including DuPont and Chemours alleging that their dairy farm was contaminated by PFAS, including perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (“PFOS”) and PFOA present in treated municipal sewer sludge used in agricultural spreading applications on their farm. The complaint asserts negligence, trespass, and other tort and state statutory claims and seeks damages.

 

In May 2019, a putative class action was filed in Delaware state court against two electroplating companies, 3M and DuPont, alleging responsibility for PFAS contamination, including PFOA and PFOS, in drinking water and the environment in the nearby community. Although initially named in the lawsuit, Chemours was subsequently dismissed. The putative class of residents alleges negligence, nuisance, trespass, and other claims and seeks medical monitoring, personal injury and property damages, and punitive damages. The matter was removed to federal court.

 

Commencing in August 2019, 8 Long Island water suppliers filed lawsuits in New York federal court against defendants including DuPont and Chemours regarding alleged PFAS, PFOA, and PFOS contamination through releases from industrial and manufacturing facilities and business locations where PFAS-contaminated water was used for irrigation andsites where consumer products were disposed. The complaints allege products liability, negligence, nuisance, trespass, and fraudulent transfer. Plaintiffs seek declaratory and injunctive relief, as well as compensatory andpunitive damages.

 

In November 2019, 30 residents filed a lawsuit in New Jersey state court against DuPont, Chemours, and other defendants alleging that they are responsible for PFAS contamination, including PFOA and PFOS, in groundwater and drinking water. Plaintiffs have claims for medical monitoring, property value diminution, trespass, and punitive damages. The matter was removed to federal court.

 


24


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

In November 2019, the City of Rome, Georgia filed suit against numerous carpet manufacturers located in Dalton, Georgia, suppliers, DuPont, and Chemours in Georgia state court alleging negligence, nuisance, and trespass in the release of perfluorinated compounds, including PFOA, into a river leading to the town’s water source. City of Rome alleges damages to property and lost profits, and expenses for abatement and remediation and punitive damages.

 

In December 2019, a putative class action was filed in Georgia state court on behalf of customers of the Rome, Georgia water division and the Floyd County, Georgia water department against numerous carpet manufacturers located in Dalton, Georgia, suppliers, DuPont, and Chemours in Georgia state court alleging negligence and nuisance and related to the release of perfluorinated compounds, including PFOA, into a river leading to their water sources. The matter was removed to federal court. Damages sought include compensatory damages for increased water surcharges, as well as punitive damages and injunctive relief for abatement and remediation.

 

In May 2020, the Weirton Area Water Board and City of Weirton, West Virginia, filed a lawsuit in West Virginia state court against defendants, including DuPont and Chemours, alleging PFAS, PFOA and PFOS contamination through releases from the manufacture, sale, and use of PFAS and from facilities owned by AccelorMittal. Damages sought include declaratory relief, economic damages, indemnification, expenses, remediation, and punitive damages. The matter has been removed to federal court.

 

In July 2020, the parents of a 42-year-old Swedesboro, New Jersey resident filed a lawsuit in New Jersey federal court alleging that their adult daughter’s cognitive delays, neurological, genetic, and autoimmune conditions were caused by exposure to PFAS. Plaintiffs claim compensatory and punitive damages.

 

New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Directives and Litigation

 

In March 2019, the NJ DEP issued two Directives and filed 4 lawsuits against Chemours and other defendants. The Directives are: (i) a state-wide PFAS Directive issued to DuPont, DowDuPont, DuPont Specialty Products USA (“DuPont SP USA”), Solvay S.A., 3M, and Chemours seeking a meeting to discuss future costs for PFAS-related costs incurred by the NJ DEP and establishing a funding source for such costs by the Directive recipients, and information relating to historic and current use of certain PFAS compounds; and, (ii) a Pompton Lakes Natural Resources Damages (“NRD”) Directive to DuPont and Chemours demanding $0.1 to cover the cost of preparation of a natural resource damage assessment plan and access to related documents.

 

The lawsuits filed in New Jersey state courts by the NJ DEP are: (i) in Salem County, against DuPont, 3M, and Chemours primarily alleging clean-up and removal costs and damages and natural resource damages under the Spill Act, the Water Pollution Control Act (“WPCA”), the Industrial Site Recovery Act (“ISRA”), and common law regarding past and present operations at Chambers Works, a site assigned to Chemours at Separation; (ii) in Middlesex County, against DuPont, DuPont SP USA, 3M, and Chemours primarily alleging clean-up and removal costs and damages and natural resource damages under the Spill Act, ISRA, WPCA, and common law regarding past and present operations at Parlin, a DuPont owned site; (iii) in Gloucester County, against DuPont and Chemours primarily alleging clean-up and removal costs and damages and natural resource damages under the Spill Act, WPCA, and common law regarding past operations at Repauno, a non-operating remediation site assigned to Chemours at Separation which has been sold; and, (iv) in Passaic County, against DuPont and Chemours primarily alleging clean-up and removal costs and damages and natural resource damages under the Spill Act, WPCA, and common law regarding past operations at Pompton Lakes, a non-operating remediation site assigned to Chemours at Separation. The alleged pollutants listed in the Salem County and Middlesex County matters above include PFAS. Each lawsuit also alleges fraudulent transfer.

 

The matters were removed to federal court and consolidated for case management and pretrial purposes.

 

DuPont requested that Chemours defend and indemnify it in these matters. Chemours has accepted the defense while reserving rights and declining DuPont’s demand as to matters under ISRA, fraudulent transfer, or involving other DuPont entities.

 

PFOA and PFAS Summary

 

With the exception of the trial verdict in the testicular cancer case noted above, management believes that it is reasonably possible that the Company could incur losses related to PFOA and/or PFAS matters in excess of amounts accrued, but any such losses are not estimable at this time due to various reasons, including, among others, that such matters are in their early stages and have significant factual issues to be resolved.

 


25


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

U.S. Smelter and Lead Refinery, Inc.

 

There are seven lawsuits, including two putative class actions (one in which class certification was denied), pending against DuPont by area residents concerning the U.S. Smelter and Lead Refinery multi-party Superfund site in East Chicago, Indiana. Several of the lawsuits allege that Chemours is now responsible for DuPont environmental liabilities. The lawsuits include allegations for personal injury damages, property diminution, and other damages. At Separation, DuPont assigned Chemours its former plant site, which is located south of the residential portion of the Superfund area, and its responsibility for the environmental remediation at the Superfund site. Management believes a loss is reasonably possible, but not estimable at this time due to various reasons including, among others, that such matters are in their early stages and have significant factual issues to be resolved.

 

Securities Litigation

 

In October 2019, a putative class action was filed in Delaware federal court against Chemours and certain of its officers. Following appointment of lead plaintiff, the New York State Teachers’ Retirement System, and counsel, the plaintiff filed an amended complaint alleging that the defendants violated the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 by making materially false and misleading statements and omissions in public disclosures regarding environmental liabilities and litigation matters assigned to Chemours in connection with its spin-off from DuPont. The amended complaint seeks a class of purchasers of Chemours stock between February 16, 2017 and August 1, 2019 and demands compensatory damages and fees.

 

In July 2020, two follow-on derivative lawsuits were filed by individual shareholders in Delaware federal court against Chemours, its directors, and certain of its officers. The lawsuits rely on factual allegations similar to those in the securities action discussed above and allege breach of fiduciary duty and other claims.

 

Management believes that it is not possible at this time to reasonably assess the outcome of these litigations or to estimate the loss or range of loss, if any, as the matters are in the early stages with significant issues to be resolved. The Company believes that it has applicable insurance, and coverage has been accepted by the primary insurance carrier with a reservation of rights for the putative class action matter. If the Company were not to prevail in the litigations and were to fail to secure insurance coverage or ample insurance coverage, the impact could be material to the Company’s results of operations, financial position, and cash flows.

 

Mining Solutions Facility Construction Stoppage

 

In March 2018, a civil association in Mexico filed a complaint against the government authorities involved in the permitting process of the Company’s new Mining Solutions facility under construction in Gomez Palacio, Durango, Mexico. The claimant sought and obtained a suspension from the district judge to stop the Company’s construction work. The suspension was subsequently lifted on appeal and affirmed by the Supreme Court of Mexico. A second similar complaint was filed in September 2019, and again, a suspension of construction was granted. Chemours has filed an appeal. In the event that the suspension of construction is ultimately upheld, the Company would incur $26 of contract termination fees with a third-party services provider.

 

At June 30, 2020, the Company had $145 of long-lived assets under construction at the facility, $7 of other related prepaid costs, and $51 of the Company’s goodwill assigned to the Mining Solutions reporting unit. Management believes these amounts are recoverable as of June 30, 2020.

 

Ore Feedstock Contract Dispute

 

In July 2020, Iluka Resources Limited, one of the Company’s suppliers of ore feedstock, commenced breach of contract proceedings against the Company in New York state court. Management believes that the lawsuit lacks merit, and that the Company’s actions have been consistent with its rights under the provisions of the contract. The outcome of this matter is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations or financial position, and management does not anticipate any impact on the Company’s supply of ore feedstock.

 


26


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

Environmental Overview

 

Chemours, due to the terms of the Separation-related agreements with DuPont, is subject to contingencies pursuant to environmental laws and regulations that in the future may require further action to correct the effects on the environment of prior disposal practices or releases of chemical substances, which are attributable to DuPont’s activities before it spun-off Chemours. Much of this liability results from the Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (“CERCLA”, often referred to as “Superfund”), the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (“RCRA”), and similar federal, state, local, and foreign laws. These laws require Chemours to undertake certain investigative, remediation, and restoration activities at sites where Chemours conducts or once conducted operations or at sites where Chemours-generated waste was disposed. The accrual also includes estimated costs related to a number of sites identified for which it is probable that environmental remediation will be required, but which are not currently the subject of enforcement activities.

 

Chemours accrues for remediation activities when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and a reasonable estimate of the liability can be made. Where the available information is sufficient to estimate the amount of liability, that estimate has been used. Where the available information is only sufficient to establish a range of probable liability, and no point within the range is more likely than any other, the lower end of the range has been used. Estimated liabilities are determined based on existing remediation laws and technologies and the Company’s planned remedial responses, which are derived from environmental studies, sampling, testing, and analyses. Inherent uncertainties exist in such evaluations, primarily due to unknown environmental conditions, changing governmental regulations regarding liability, and emerging remediation technologies. These accruals are adjusted periodically as remediation efforts progress and as additional technological, regulatory, and legal information becomes available. Environmental liabilities and expenditures include claims for matters that are liabilities of DuPont and its subsidiaries, which Chemours may be required to indemnify pursuant to the Separation-related agreements. These accrued liabilities are undiscounted and do not include claims against third parties. Costs related to environmental remediation are charged to expense in the period that the associated liability is accrued.

 

The following table sets forth the components of the Company’s environmental remediation liabilities at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, and for the five sites that are deemed the most significant by management, including Fayetteville as further discussed below.

 

 

 

June 30, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Chambers Works, Deepwater, New Jersey

 

$

19

 

 

$

20

 

East Chicago, Indiana

 

 

16

 

 

 

17

 

Fayetteville Works, Fayetteville, North Carolina

 

 

201

 

 

 

201

 

Pompton Lakes, New Jersey

 

 

42

 

 

 

43

 

USS Lead, East Chicago, Indiana

 

 

13

 

 

 

13

 

All other sites

 

 

114

 

 

 

112

 

Total environmental remediation

 

$

405

 

 

$

406

 

 

The following table sets forth the current and long-term components of the Company’s environmental remediation liabilities and their balance sheet locations at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance Sheet Location

 

June 30, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Environmental Remediation:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current environmental remediation

 

Other accrued liabilities (Note 13)

 

$

91

 

 

$

74

 

Long-term environmental remediation

 

Other liabilities (Note 15)

 

 

314

 

 

 

332

 

Total environmental remediation

 

 

 

$

405

 

 

$

406

 

 


27


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

The time-frame for a site to go through all phases of remediation (investigation and active clean-up) may take about 15 to 20 years, followed by several years of operation, maintenance, and monitoring (“OM&M”) activities. Remediation activities, including OM&M activities, vary substantially in duration and cost from site to site. These activities, and their associated costs, depend on the mix of unique site characteristics, evolving remediation technologies, and diverse regulatory requirements, as well as the presence or absence of other potentially responsible parties. In addition, for claims that Chemours may be required to indemnify DuPont pursuant to the Separation-related agreements, Chemours, through DuPont, has limited available information for certain sites or is in the early stages of discussions with regulators. For these sites in particular, there may be considerable variability between the clean-up activities that are currently being undertaken or planned and the ultimate actions that could be required. Therefore, considerable uncertainty exists with respect to environmental remediation costs and, under adverse changes in circumstances, although deemed remote, the potential liability may range up to approximately $540 above the amount accrued at June 30, 2020.

 

Chemours incurred environmental remediation expenses of $24 and $39 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, and $17 and $50 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively.

 

Fayetteville Works, Fayetteville, North Carolina

 

Fayetteville has been in operation since the 1970s and is located next to the Cape Fear River southeast of the City of Fayetteville, North Carolina. Hexafluoropropylene oxide dimer acid (“HFPO Dimer Acid”, sometimes referred to as “GenX” or “C3 Dimer Acid”) is manufactured at Fayetteville. The Company has operated the site since its separation from DuPont in 2015.

 

The Company believes that discharges from Fayetteville to the Cape Fear River, site surface water, groundwater, and air emissions have not impacted the safety of drinking water in North Carolina. The Company is cooperating with a variety of ongoing inquiries and investigations from federal, state, and local authorities, regulators, and other governmental entities.

 

Consent Order with North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality (“NC DEQ”)

 

In September 2017, the NC DEQ issued a 60-day notice of intent to suspend the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (“NPDES”) permit for Fayetteville, and the State of North Carolina filed an action in North Carolina state court regarding site discharges, seeking a temporary restraining order and preliminary injunction, as well as other relief, including abatement and site correction. The state court entered a partial consent order resolving NC DEQ’s motion for a temporary restraining order.

 

In November 2017, NC DEQ informed the Company that it was suspending the NPDES permit for Fayetteville. The Company thereafter commenced the capture and separate disposal of all process wastewater from Fayetteville related to the Company’s own operations.

 

In June 2018, the North Carolina Legislature enacted legislation (i) granting the governor the authority, in certain circumstances, to require a facility with unauthorized PFAS discharges to cease operations, and (ii) granting the governor the authority, in certain circumstances, to direct the NC DEQ secretary to order a PFAS discharger to establish permanent replacement water supplies for parties whose water was contaminated by the discharge.

 

In July 2018, Cape Fear River Watch (“CFRW”), a non-profit organization, sued NC DEQ in North Carolina state court, seeking to require NC DEQ to take additional actions at Fayetteville. On August 29, 2018, CFRW sued the Company in North Carolina federal court for alleged violations of the Clean Water Act (“CWA”) and the Toxic Substances Control Act (“TSCA”), seeking declaratory and injunctive relief and penalties.

 

In February 2019, the North Carolina Superior Court for Bladen County approved a Consent Order (“CO”) between NC DEQ, CFRW and the Company, resolving the State’s and CFRW’s lawsuits and other matters (including Notices of Violation (“NOVs”) issued by the State). Under the terms of the CO, Chemours paid $13 in March 2019 to cover a civil penalty and investigative costs and agreed to certain compliance measures (with stipulated penalties for failures to do so), including the following:

 

Install a thermal oxidizer to control all PFAS in process streams from certain processes at Fayetteville at an efficiency of 99.99%;

 

Develop, submit, and implement, subject to approval from NC DEQ and CFRW, a plan for interim actions that are economically and technologically feasible to achieve the maximum PFAS reduction from Fayetteville to the Cape Fear River within a two-year period;

 

Develop and implement, subject to approval, a Corrective Action Plan that complies with North Carolina’s groundwater standards and guidance provided by NC DEQ. At a minimum, the Corrective Action Plan must require Chemours to reduce the total loading of PFAS originating from Fayetteville to surface water by at least 75% from baseline, as defined by the CO; and,

 

Provide and properly maintain permanent drinking water supplies, including via whole-building filtration units and reverse osmosis (“RO”) units to qualifying surrounding properties with private drinking water wells.

28


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

The following table sets forth the components of the Company’s accrued environmental remediation liabilities related to PFAS at Fayetteville at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

 

 

June 30, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

On-site remediation

 

$

148

 

 

$

155

 

Off-site groundwater remediation

 

 

53

 

 

 

46

 

Total accrued liabilities

 

$

201

 

 

$

201

 

 

The following table sets forth the current and long-term components of the Company’s accrued environmental remediation liabilities related to PFAS at Fayetteville and their balance sheet locations at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

 

 

Balance Sheet Location

 

June 30, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Current accrued liabilities

 

Other accrued liabilities (Note 13)

 

$

36

 

 

$

20

 

Long-term accrued liabilities

 

Other liabilities (Note 15)

 

 

165

 

 

 

181

 

Total accrued liabilities

 

 

 

$

201

 

 

$

201

 

 

Emissions to air

 

Fayetteville operates multiple permitted air discharge stacks, blowers, and vents as part of its manufacturing activities. A thermal oxidizer (“TO”) became fully operational at the site on December 27, 2019, and Chemours switched to the permitted operating scenario for the TO on December 31, 2019 as set forth in the CO. The TO is designed to reduce aerial PFAS emissions from Fayetteville, and, on March 30, 2020, Chemours announced that testing results conducted in the first 90 days of operation show that the TO is controlling PFAS emissions at an average efficiency exceeding 99.999%. Testing was conducted by Chemours and monitored by the North Carolina Division of Air Quality (“NC DAQ”). Environmental costs are capitalized and subsequently depreciated if the costs extend the useful life of the property, increase the property’s capacity, and/or reduce or prevent contamination from future operations.

 

Off-site replacement drinking water supplies

 

The CO requires the Company to provide permanent replacement drinking water supplies, including via connection to public water supply, whole building filtration units and/or RO units, to qualifying surrounding residents, businesses, schools, and public buildings with private drinking water wells. Qualifying surrounding properties with private drinking water wells that have tested above the state provisional health goal of 140 parts per trillion (ppt) for GenX may be eligible for public water or a whole building filtration system. Qualifying surrounding properties with private drinking water wells that have tested above 10 ppt for GenX or other perfluorinated compounds (“Table 3 Compounds”) are eligible for three under-sink RO units. The Company provides bottled drinking water to a qualifying property when it becomes eligible for a replacement drinking water supply, and continues to provide delivery of bottled drinking water to the property until the eligible supply is established or installed. Under the terms of the CO, Chemours must make the offer to install a water treatment system to property owners in writing multiple times, and property owners have approximately one year to accept the Company’s offer before it expires.

 

The Company’s estimated liability for off-site replacement drinking water supplies is based on management’s assessment of the current facts and circumstances for this matter, which are subject to various assumptions that include, but are not limited to, the number of affected surrounding properties, response rates to the Company’s offer, the timing of expiration of offers made to the property owners, the type of water treatment systems selected (i.e., whole building filtration or RO units), the cost of the selected water treatment systems, and any related OM&M requirements, assessed fines and penalties, and other charges contemplated by the CO. For off-site drinking water supplies, OM&M is accrued for 20 years on an undiscounted basis based on the Company’s current plans under the CO. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company accrued $13 and $18, respectively, for off-site groundwater testing and water treatment system installations at qualifying properties in the vicinity surrounding Fayetteville. The amounts accrued during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 are net of $5 of lower expected third-party costs for the monitoring and maintenance of certain water treatment systems. During most of the second quarter of 2020, testing of drinking water wells and water treatment system installations were temporarily suspended in connection with health and safety precautions taken during the COVID-19 pandemic. Off-site installation, monitoring, and maintenance may be impacted by additional changes in estimates as actual experience may differ from management’s estimates. It is currently estimated that $53 of disbursements related to off-site replacement drinking water supplies and toxicity studies will be made over approximately 20 years.

 


29


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

On-site surface water and groundwater remediation

 

Abatement and remediation measures already taken by Chemours, including the capture and separate disposal of its operations’ process wastewater and other interim actions, have addressed and abated nearly all PFAS discharges from the Company’s continuing operations at Fayetteville. However, the Company continues to have active dialogue with NC DEQ and other stakeholders regarding the potential remedies that are both economically and technologically feasible to achieve the CO objectives related to site surface water and groundwater.

 

In the fourth quarter of 2019, the Company completed and submitted its Cape Fear River PFAS Loading Reduction Plan - Supplemental Information Report and Corrective Action Plan (“CAP”) to NC DEQ. The Supplemental Information Report provides information to support the evaluation of potential remedial options to reduce PFAS loadings to surface waters, including interim alternatives. The CAP describes potential remediation activities to address PFAS in on-site groundwater and surface waters at the site, in accordance with the requirements of the CO and the North Carolina groundwater standards, and builds on the previous submissions to NC DEQ. The NC DEQ made the CAP available for public review and comment until April 6, 2020. The Company is currently awaiting formal response to the CAP from NC DEQ following the conclusion of the public comment period. Active dialogue with NC DEQ and other stakeholders regarding the selection of interim alternatives is ongoing.

 

The Company’s estimated liability for the remediation activities that are probable and estimable is based on the CAP and management’s assessment of the current facts and circumstances, which are subject to various assumptions including the transport pathways (being pathways by which PFAS reaches the Cape Fear River) which will require remedial actions, the types of interim and permanent site surface water and on-site remedies and treatment systems selected and implemented, the estimated cost of such potential remedies and treatment systems, and any related OM&M requirements, and other charges contemplated by the CO.

 

The CAP also addresses remediation of on-site groundwater and proposes an interim action of extraction of groundwater from existing monitoring wells and treatment prior to discharge. Chemours also proposes to simultaneously proceed with detailed design and engineering of a permanent on-site groundwater treatment system alternative, including collection of extensive pre-design data, while holding a final decision on which alternative should be selected, with approval by NC DEQ, until that design and engineering work is complete (approximately two years). The actual cost of a permanent on-site groundwater treatment system primarily depends on the determination of certain significant design details, notably the actual barrier wall installation method (i.e., slurry wall vs. steel sheets), configuration of extraction wells, and extraction rates.

 

Accordingly, in the fourth quarter of 2019, based on the CO, the CAP, and management’s plans, which are based on current regulations and technology, the Company accrued an additional $132 related to the estimated cost of on-site remediation. The incremental estimated remediation liability, based on current potential remedial options, is primarily comprised of $42 of construction costs, which are projected to be paid through 2025, and $88 of related OM&M requirements, which is projected to be paid over a period of approximately 20 years. The final costs of any selected remediation will depend primarily on the final approved design and actual labor and material costs.

 

It is possible that issues relating to site discharges in various transport pathways, the selection of remediation alternatives to achieve PFAS loading reductions, or the operating effectiveness of the TO could result in further litigation and/or regulatory demands with regards to Fayetteville, including potential permit modifications. It is also possible that, as additional data is collected on the transport pathways and dialogue continues with NC DEQ and other stakeholders, the type or extent of remediation actions required to achieve the objectives committed to in the CO may change (increase or decrease). If such issues arise, or if the CO is amended, an additional loss is reasonably possible, but not estimable at this time.

 


30


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

Other matters related to Fayetteville

 

An NOV was received from the EPA in February 2019, alleging certain TSCA violations at Fayetteville. Matters raised in the NOV could have the potential to affect operations at Fayetteville. For this NOV, the Company responded to the EPA in March 2019, asserting that the Company has not violated environmental laws. The Company also received an NOV in April 2020 from NC DEQ, alleging an air permit violation under the North Carolina Administrative Code. As of June 30, 2020, management does not believe that a loss is probable.

 

In June 2020, the Company received an NOV from the NC DEQ, alleging violations of the North Carolina Solid Waste Generator Requirements in connection with clearing land and yard waste materials to a landfill during construction of the water treatment plant required for remediation under the CO. The Company responded that it did not commit a violation and had addressed any concerns prior to issuance of the NOV. Management does not believe that a loss is probable.

 

In 2019, civil actions were filed against DuPont and Chemours in North Carolina federal court relating to discharges from Fayetteville. These actions include a consolidated action brought by public water suppliers seeking damages and injunctive relief, a consolidated purported class action seeking medical monitoring, and property damage and/or other monetary and injunctive relief on behalf of the putative classes of property owners and residents in areas near or that draw drinking water from the Cape Fear River, and two actions encompassing several hundred private well owners seeking compensatory and punitive damages. Ruling on the Company’s motions in April 2019, the court dismissed the medical monitoring, injunctive demand, and many other alleged causes of actions in these lawsuits. It is possible that additional litigation may be filed against the Company and/or DuPont concerning the discharges.

 

It is not possible at this point to predict the timing, course, or outcome of all governmental and regulatory inquiries and notices and litigation, and it is reasonably possible that these matters could materially affect the Company’s financial position, results of operations, and cash flows. In addition, local communities, organizations, and federal and state regulatory agencies have raised questions concerning HFPO Dimer Acid and other perfluorinated and polyfluorinated compounds at certain other manufacturing sites operated by the Company. It is possible that additional developments similar to those described above and centering on Fayetteville could arise in other locations.

 


31


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

Note 17. Stock-based Compensation

 

The Company’s total stock-based compensation expense amounted to $1 and $9 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, and $6 and $14 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively.

 

Stock Options

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2020, Chemours granted approximately 2,780,000 non-qualified stock options to certain of its employees, of which 2,750,000 non-qualified stock options were granted in the first quarter of 2020. These awards will vest over a three-year period and expire 10 years from the date of grant. The fair value of the Company’s stock options is based on the Black-Scholes valuation model.

 

The following table sets forth the weighted-average assumptions used at the respective grant dates to determine the fair value of the Company’s stock option awards that were granted during the six months ended June 30, 2020.

 

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2020

 

Risk-free interest rate

 

 

0.94

%

Expected term (years)

 

 

6.00

 

Volatility

 

 

53.18

%

Dividend yield

 

 

6.93

%

Fair value per stock option

 

$

3.74

 

 

The Company recorded $2 and $7 in stock-based compensation expense specific to its stock options for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, and $2 and $6 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively. At June 30, 2020, approximately 8,230,000 stock options remained outstanding.

 

Restricted Stock Units

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2020, Chemours granted approximately 520,000 restricted stock units (“RSUs”) to certain of its employees. These awards will vest over a three-year period and, upon vesting, convert 1-for-one to Chemours’ common stock. The fair value of the RSUs is based on the market price of the underlying common stock at the grant date.

 

The Company recorded $2 and $4 in stock-based compensation expense specific to its RSUs for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, and $2 and $4 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively. At June 30, 2020, approximately 1,150,000 RSUs remained non-vested.

 

Performance Share Units

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2020, Chemours granted approximately 540,000 performance share units (“PSUs”) to key senior management employees. Upon vesting, these awards convert 1-for-one to Chemours’ common stock if specified performance goals, including certain market-based conditions, are met over the three-year performance period specified in the grant, subject to exceptions through the respective vesting period of three years. Each grantee is granted a target award of PSUs, and may earn between 0% and 250% of the target amount depending on the Company’s performance against stated performance goals.

 

A portion of the fair value of PSUs was estimated at the grant date based on the probability of satisfying the market-based conditions associated with the PSUs using the Monte Carlo valuation method, which assesses probabilities of various outcomes of market conditions. The other portion of the fair value of the PSUs is based on the fair market value of the Company’s stock at the grant date, regardless of whether the market-based conditions are satisfied.

 

The Company recorded reductions of $3 and $2 in stock-based compensation expense specific to its PSUs for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, based on its assessment of Company performance relative to award-based financial objectives. The Company recorded $2 and $4 in stock-based compensation expense specific to its PSUs for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively. At June 30, 2020, approximately 870,000 PSUs at 100% of the target amount remained non-vested.

 


32


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

Since 2017, the Company has provided employees the opportunity to participate in The Chemours Company Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”). Under the ESPP, a total of 7,000,000 shares of Chemours’ common stock is reserved and authorized for issuance to participating employees, as defined by the ESPP, which excludes executive officers of the Company. The ESPP provides for consecutive 12-month offering periods, each with 2 purchase periods in March and September within those offering periods. The initial offering period under the ESPP began on October 2, 2017. Participating employees are eligible to purchase the Company’s common stock at a discounted rate equal to 95% of its fair value on the last trading day of each purchase period. During the six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company executed an open market transaction to purchase the Company’s common stock on behalf of its ESPP participants, which amounted to approximately 75,000 shares at $1.

 

 

Note 18. Financial Instruments

 

Objectives and Strategies for Holding Financial Instruments

 

In the ordinary course of business, Chemours enters into contractual arrangements to reduce its exposure to foreign currency risks. The Company has established a financial risk management program, which currently includes four distinct risk management instruments: (i) foreign currency forward contracts, which are used to minimize the volatility in the Company’s earnings related to foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from remeasuring its monetary assets and liabilities that are denominated in non-functional currencies; (ii) foreign currency forward contracts, which are used to mitigate the risks associated with fluctuations in the euro against the U.S. dollar for forecasted U.S. dollar-denominated inventory purchases in certain of the Company’s international subsidiaries that use the euro as their functional currency; (iii) interest rate swaps, which are used to mitigate the volatility in the Company’s cash payments for interest due to fluctuations in LIBOR, as is applicable to the portion of the Company’s senior secured term loan facility denominated in U.S. dollars; and, (iv) euro-denominated debt, which is used to reduce the volatility in stockholders’ equity caused by changes in foreign currency exchange rates of the euro with respect to the U.S. dollar for certain of its international subsidiaries that use the euro as their functional currency. The Company’s financial risk management program reflects varying levels of exposure coverage and time horizons based on an assessment of risk. The program operates within Chemours’ financial risk management policies and guidelines, and the Company does not enter into derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

 

Net Monetary Assets and Liabilities Hedge – Foreign Currency Forward Contracts

 

At June 30, 2020, the Company had 21 foreign currency forward contracts outstanding with an aggregate gross notional U.S. dollar equivalent of $665, and an average maturity of one month. At December 31, 2019, the Company had 16 foreign currency forward contracts outstanding with an aggregate gross notional U.S. dollar equivalent of $530, and an average maturity of one month. Chemours recognized net gains of $10 and $4 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, and a net gain of $1 and a net loss of $1 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively, in other income (expense), net.

 

Cash Flow Hedge – Foreign Currency Forward Contracts

 

At June 30, 2020, the Company had 105 foreign currency forward contracts outstanding under its cash flow hedge program with an aggregate notional U.S. dollar equivalent of $81, and an average maturity of four months. At December 31, 2019, the Company had 150 foreign currency forward contracts outstanding under its cash flow hedge program with an aggregate notional U.S. dollar equivalent of $124, and an average maturity of five months. Chemours recognized a pre-tax loss of $1 and a pre-tax gain of $1 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, and a pre-tax gain of $2 for the six months ended June 30, 2019 within accumulated other comprehensive loss. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, $2 and $3 of gain was reclassified to the cost of goods sold from accumulated other comprehensive loss, respectively. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, $3 and $6 of gain was reclassified to the cost of goods sold from accumulated other comprehensive loss, respectively.

 

The Company expects to reclassify an approximate $1 of net gain from accumulated other comprehensive loss to the cost of goods sold over the next 12 months, based on current foreign currency exchange rates.

 


33


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

Cash Flow Hedge – Interest Rate Swaps

 

Beginning in the second quarter of 2020, the Company elected to expand its cash flow hedge program and enter into interest rate swaps. The objective of entering interest rate swaps is to mitigate the volatility in the Company’s cash payments for interest related to the portion of the Company’s senior secured term loan facility denominated in U.S. dollars, which bears a variable interest rate equal to, at the election of the Company, adjusted LIBOR plus 1.75% or adjusted base rate plus 0.75%, subject to an adjusted LIBOR or an adjusted base rate floor of 0.00% or 1.00%, respectively. All gains and losses resulting from the revaluation of the derivative instruments are recognized as a component of accumulated other comprehensive loss on the consolidated balance sheets during the period in which they occur, and are reclassified to interest expense, net in the consolidated statements of operations during the period in which the underlying transaction affects earnings.

 

At June 30, 2020, the Company had 3 interest rate swaps outstanding under its cash flow hedge program with an aggregate notional U.S. dollar equivalent of $400; each of the interest rate swaps mature on March 31, 2023. Chemours recognized pre-tax losses of $3 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 within accumulated other comprehensive loss. NaN amounts were reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss for the Company’s interest rate swaps during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020.

 

The Company expects to reclassify an approximate $1 of net loss from accumulated other comprehensive loss to interest expense, net over the next 12 months.

 

Net Investment Hedge – Foreign Currency Borrowings

 

The Company recognized pre-tax losses of $18 and $8 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, and a pre-tax loss of $7 and a pre-tax gain of $3 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively, on its net investment hedge within accumulated other comprehensive loss. NaN amounts were reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss for the Company’s net investment hedges during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

Fair Value of Derivative Instruments

 

The following table sets forth the fair value of the Company’s derivative assets and liabilities at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

 

 

 

 

Fair Value Using Level 2 Inputs

 

 

 

Balance Sheet Location

 

June 30, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Asset derivatives:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency forward contracts

not designated as a hedging instrument

 

Accounts and notes receivable, net (Note 8)

 

$

1

 

 

$

1

 

Foreign currency forward contracts

designated as a cash flow hedge

 

Accounts and notes receivable, net (Note 8)

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Total asset derivatives

 

 

 

$

1

 

 

$

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liability derivatives:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency forward contracts

not designated as a hedging instrument

 

Other accrued liabilities (Note 13)

 

$

 

 

$

1

 

Foreign currency forward contracts

designated as a cash flow hedge

 

Other accrued liabilities (Note 13)

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

Interest rate swaps

designated as a cash flow hedge

 

Other accrued liabilities (Note 13)

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

Total liability derivatives

 

 

 

$

4

 

 

$

1

 

 

The Company’s foreign currency forward contracts and interest rate swaps are classified as Level 2 financial instruments within the fair value hierarchy as the valuation inputs are based on quoted prices and market observable data of similar instruments. For derivative assets and liabilities, standard industry models are used to calculate the fair value of the various financial instruments based on significant observable market inputs, such as foreign exchange rates and implied volatilities obtained from various market sources. Market inputs are obtained from well-established and recognized vendors of market data, and are subjected to tolerance and/or quality checks.

 


34


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

Summary of Financial Instruments

 

The following table sets forth the pre-tax changes in fair value of the Company’s financial instruments for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

 

 

Gain (Loss) Recognized In

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated Other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Income

 

 

Comprehensive

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

Cost of Goods Sold

 

 

(Expense), Net

 

 

Loss

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency forward contracts not designated as a hedging instrument

 

$

 

 

$

10

 

 

$

 

Foreign currency forward contracts designated as a cash flow hedge

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1

)

Interest rate swaps designated as a cash flow hedge

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(3

)

Euro-denominated debt designated as a net investment hedge

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(18

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency forward contracts not designated as a hedging instrument

 

$

 

 

$

1

 

 

$

 

Foreign currency forward contracts designated as a cash flow hedge

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Euro-denominated debt designated as a net investment hedge

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(7

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gain (Loss) Recognized In

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated Other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Income

 

 

Comprehensive

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

Cost of Goods Sold

 

 

(Expense), Net

 

 

Loss

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency forward contracts not designated as a hedging instrument

 

$

 

 

$

4

 

 

$

 

Foreign currency forward contracts designated as a cash flow hedge

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Interest rate swaps designated as a cash flow hedge

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(3

)

Euro-denominated debt designated as a net investment hedge

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(8

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency forward contracts not designated as a hedging instrument

 

$

 

 

$

(1

)

 

$

 

Foreign currency forward contracts designated as a cash flow hedge

 

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

Euro-denominated debt designated as a net investment hedge

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 


35


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

Note 19. Long-term Employee Benefits

 

Chemours sponsors defined benefit pension plans for certain of its employees in various jurisdictions outside of the U.S. The Company’s net periodic pension (cost) income is based on estimated values and the use of assumptions about the discount rate, expected return on plan assets, and the rate of future compensation increases received by its employees.

 

The following table sets forth the Company’s net periodic pension (cost) income and amounts recognized in other comprehensive income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Service cost

 

$

(4

)

 

$

(3

)

 

$

(7

)

 

$

(6

)

Interest cost

 

 

(2

)

 

 

(4

)

 

 

(4

)

 

 

(9

)

Expected return on plan assets

 

 

4

 

 

 

13

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

26

 

Amortization of actuarial loss

 

 

(2

)

 

 

(7

)

 

 

(4

)

 

 

(12

)

Amortization of prior service gain

 

 

1

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

1

 

Settlement loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1

)

Total net periodic pension cost

 

$

(3

)

 

$

 

 

$

(6

)

 

$

(1

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

 

 

$

(3

)

 

$

 

 

$

(3

)

Prior service benefit

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

Amortization of actuarial loss

 

 

2

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

12

 

Amortization of prior service gain

 

 

(1

)

 

 

(1

)

 

 

(1

)

 

 

(1

)

Settlement loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Effect of foreign exchange rates

 

 

(2

)

 

 

(2

)

 

 

(1

)

 

 

1

 

(Cost) benefit recognized in other comprehensive income

 

 

(1

)

 

 

6

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

15

 

Total changes in plan assets and benefit obligations

recognized in other comprehensive income

 

$

(4

)

 

$

6

 

 

$

(4

)

 

$

14

 

 

The Company made cash contributions of $6 and $14 to its defined benefit pension plans during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, and $6 and $13 for the three and six months June 30, 2019, respectively, and expects to make additional cash contributions of $4 to its defined benefit pension plans during the remainder of 2020. The Company’s future contributions to its defined benefit pension plans are dependent on market-based discount rates, and, as stated in “Note 1 – Background, Description of the Business, and Basis of Presentation” to these interim consolidated financial statements, may differ due to the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the macroeconomic environment.

 


36


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

Note 20. Segment Information

 

Chemours’ reportable segments are Fluoroproducts, Chemical Solutions, and Titanium Technologies. Corporate costs and certain legal and environmental expenses, stock-based compensation expenses, and foreign exchange gains and losses arising from the remeasurement of balances in currencies other than the functional currency of the Company’s legal entities are reflected in Corporate and Other.

 

Segment net sales include transfers to another reportable segment. Certain products are transferred between segments on a basis intended to reflect, as nearly as practicable, the market value of the products. These product transfers were limited and were not significant for each of the periods presented. Depreciation and amortization includes depreciation on research and development facilities and the amortization of other intangible assets, excluding any write-downs of assets.

 

Adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (“Adjusted EBITDA”) is the primary measure of segment profitability used by the Company’s Chief Operating Decision Maker and is defined as income (loss) before income taxes, excluding the following:

 

interest expense, depreciation, and amortization;

 

non-operating pension and other post-retirement employee benefit costs, which represents the components of net periodic pension (income) costs excluding the service cost component;

 

exchange (gains) losses included in other income (expense), net;

 

restructuring, asset-related, and other charges;

 

(gains) losses on sales of assets and businesses; and,

 

other items not considered indicative of the Company’s ongoing operational performance and expected to occur infrequently.

 

The following table sets forth certain summary financial information for the Company’s reportable segments for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

Fluoroproducts

 

 

Chemical

Solutions

 

 

Titanium

Technologies

 

 

Segment Total

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net sales to external customers

 

$

523

 

 

$

82

 

 

$

488

 

 

$

1,093

 

Adjusted EBITDA

 

 

97

 

 

 

19

 

 

 

94

 

 

 

210

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

35

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

33

 

 

 

74

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net sales to external customers

 

$

711

 

 

$

130

 

 

$

567

 

 

$

1,408

 

Adjusted EBITDA

 

 

180

 

 

 

16

 

 

 

127

 

 

 

323

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

34

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

30

 

 

 

69

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

Fluoroproducts

 

 

Chemical

Solutions

 

 

Titanium

Technologies

 

 

Segment Total

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net sales to external customers

 

$

1,123

 

 

$

175

 

 

$

1,100

 

 

$

2,398

 

Adjusted EBITDA

 

 

238

 

 

 

33

 

 

 

232

 

 

 

503

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

70

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

63

 

 

 

144

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net sales to external customers

 

$

1,398

 

 

$

264

 

 

$

1,122

 

 

$

2,784

 

Adjusted EBITDA

 

 

339

 

 

 

31

 

 

 

253

 

 

 

623

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

66

 

 

 

13

 

 

 

60

 

 

 

139

 

 

Corporate and Other depreciation and amortization expense amounted to $8 and $16 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, and $9 and $18 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively.

 


37


The Chemours Company

Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

The following table sets forth a reconciliation of segment Adjusted EBITDA to the Company’s consolidated net income before income taxes for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Segment Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

210

 

 

$

323

 

 

$

503

 

 

$

623

 

Corporate and Other Adjusted EBITDA

 

 

(44

)

 

 

(40

)

 

 

(80

)

 

 

(78

)

Interest expense, net

 

 

(53

)

 

 

(52

)

 

 

(107

)

 

 

(103

)

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

(82

)

 

 

(78

)

 

 

(160

)

 

 

(154

)

Non-operating pension and other post-retirement benefit income

 

 

1

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

6

 

Exchange gains (losses), net

 

 

6

 

 

 

(9

)

 

 

(19

)

 

 

(3

)

Restructuring, asset-related, and other charges (1)

 

 

(17

)

 

 

(7

)

 

 

(28

)

 

 

(15

)

Gain on sales of assets and businesses

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

Transaction costs

 

 

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

(2

)

 

 

(1

)

Legal and environmental charges (2)

 

 

(1

)

 

 

(8

)

 

 

(12

)

 

 

(38

)

Income before income taxes

 

$

20

 

 

$

133

 

 

$

96

 

 

$

239

 

 

(1)

Includes restructuring, asset-related, and other charges, which are discussed in further detail in “Note 4 – Restructuring, Asset-related, and Other Charges”.

 

(2)

Legal charges pertains to litigation settlements, PFOA drinking water treatment accruals, and other legal charges. Environmental charges pertains to management’s assessment of estimated liabilities associated with on-site remediation, off-site groundwater remediation, and toxicity studies related to Fayetteville. The six months ended June 30, 2020 includes $8 based on the aforementioned assessment associated with certain estimated liabilities at Fayetteville. The three and six months ended June 30, 2019 includes $7 and $34, respectively, for the approved final Consent Order associated with certain matters at Fayetteville. See “Note 16 – Commitments and Contingent Liabilities” for further details.

 

 

 

 

38


The Chemours Company

 

Item 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) supplements the unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements and the related notes thereto included elsewhere herein to help provide an understanding of our financial condition, changes in our financial condition, and the results of our operations for the periods presented.Unless the context otherwise requires, references herein to “The Chemours Company”, “Chemours”, “the Company”, “our Company”, “we”, “us”, and “our” refer to The Chemours Company and its consolidated subsidiaries. References herein to “DuPont” refer to E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, which is now a subsidiary of Corteva, Inc., a Delaware corporation, unless the context otherwise requires.

This MD&A should be read in conjunction with the unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements and the related notes thereto included in Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, as well as our audited Consolidated Financial Statements and the related notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

This section and other parts of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contain forward-looking statements, within the meaning of the federal securities laws, that involve risks and uncertainties. Forward-looking statements provide current expectations of future events based on certain assumptions and include any statement that does not directly relate to any historical or current fact.The words “believe”, “expect”, “anticipate”, “plan”, “estimate”, “target”, “project”, and similar expressions, among others, generally identify “forward-looking statements”, which speak only as of the date the statements were made. The matters discussed in these forward-looking statements are subject to risks, uncertainties, and other factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements.

Our forward-looking statements are based on certain assumptions and expectations of future events that may not be accurate or realized. These statements, as well as our historical performance, are not guarantees of future performance. Forward-looking statements also involve risks and uncertainties that are beyond our control. Additionally, there may be other risks and uncertainties that we are unable to identify at this time or that we do not currently expect to have a material impact on our business. Factors that could cause or contribute to these differences include, but are not limited to, the risks, uncertainties, and other factors discussed in the Forward-looking Statements and the Risk Factors sections in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, and as otherwise discussed in this report, particularly as it pertains to the current novel coronavirus disease (“COVID-19”). We assume no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statement for any reason, except as required by law.

 

 

Overview

 

We are a leading, global provider of performance chemicals that are key inputs in end-products and processes in a variety of industries. We deliver customized solutions with a wide range of industrial and specialty chemicals products for markets, including plastics and coatings, refrigeration and air conditioning, general industrial, electronics, mining, and oil refining. Our principal products include refrigerants, industrial fluoropolymer resins, sodium cyanide, performance chemicals and intermediates, and titanium dioxide (“TiO2”) pigment. We manage and report our operating results through three reportable segments: Fluoroproducts, Chemical Solutions, and Titanium Technologies. Our Fluoroproducts segment is a leading, global provider of fluoroproducts, including refrigerants and industrial fluoropolymer resins. Our Chemical Solutions segment is a leading, North American provider of industrial chemicals used in gold production, industrial, and consumer applications. Our Titanium Technologies segment is a leading, global provider of TiO2 pigment, a premium white pigment used to deliver whiteness, brightness, opacity, and protection in a variety of applications.

 

We are committed to creating value for our customers and stakeholders through the reliable delivery of high-quality products and services around the world. To achieve this goal, we have a global team dedicated to upholding our five core values: (i) customer centricity – driving customer growth, and our own, by understanding our customers’ needs and building long-lasting relationships with them; (ii) refreshing simplicity – cutting complexity by investing in what matters, and getting results faster; (iii) collective entrepreneurship – empowering our employees to act like they own our business, while embracing the power of inclusion and teamwork; (iv) safety obsession – living our steadfast belief that a safe workplace is a profitable workplace; and, (v) unshakable integrity – doing what’s right for our customers, colleagues, and communities – always.

 

Additionally, our Corporate Responsibility Commitment focuses on three key principles – inspired people, a shared planet, and an evolved portfolio – in an effort to achieve, among other goals, increased diversity and inclusion in our global workforce, increased sustainability of our products, and becoming carbon positive. We call this responsible chemistry – it is rooted in who we are, and we expect that our Corporate Responsibility Commitment will drive sustainable, long-term earnings growth.

 


39


The Chemours Company

 

Recent Developments

 

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (“COVID-19”)

 

The COVID-19 pandemic has, to date, resulted in more than 17 million confirmed infections, over 600,000 deaths, and continues to spread throughout the world. As a global provider of performance chemicals that are key inputs in end-products and processes in a variety of industries, a pandemic presents obstacles that can adversely impact our supply chain effectiveness and efficiencies, our manufacturing operations, customer demand for our products, and ultimately, our financial results. Throughout the outbreak and subsequent stages of the COVID-19 pandemic that have occurred thus far, above all, we have remained steadfast in our commitment to the health, safety, and well-being of our employees and their families, while serving our customers, and conserving cash to ensure the continuity of our business operations into the future.

 

Although the number of COVID-19 infections has increasingly spread throughout the United States during the second quarter of 2020, we continue to experience minimal disruption in our operations and business-related processes. Throughout the first half of 2020, we have taken a number of measures to promote the safety and security of our employees, including requiring remote working arrangements for employees where practicable, the imposition of travel restrictions, limiting non-essential visits to plant sites, performing health checks before every shift, and providing personal protective equipment for our “essential” operations employees at our sites and labs. Due to reduced consumer demand for certain of our customers’ end-products, however, we have experienced the negative impact of COVID-19 in our results of operations, and we anticipate that this weakened consumer demand will continue to have a negative impact on our financial results. Refer to the “Segment Reviews” and “2020 Outlook” sections within this MD&A for further considerations regarding the quickly evolving market dynamics that are impacting our businesses and our associated response. We cannot predict with certainty the potential future impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our customers’ ability to manufacture their products, as well as any potential future disruptions in our supply chain due to restrictions on travel and transport, regional quarantines, and other social distancing measures. The risks and uncertainties posed by this significant, widespread event are enumerable and far-reaching, including but not limited to those described in Item 1A – Risk Factors in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

Despite the health and safety, business continuity, and macroeconomic challenges associated with conducting business in the current environment, we remain committed to anticipating and meeting the demands of our customers, as they, like us, navigate uncharted territory. As a precautionary measure in light of macroeconomic uncertainties driven by COVID-19, we drew $300 million from our revolving credit facility on April 8, 2020. We also elected to accept tax relief provided by various taxing jurisdictions during the first half of 2020, resulting in the deferral of approximately $75 million in tax payments. We continue to anticipate that our available cash, cash from operations, and existing debt financing arrangements will provide us with sufficient liquidity through at least July 2021. Additionally, we continue to engage in scenario planning, and, as further discussed in the “2020 Outlook” and “Liquidity and Capital Resources” sections of this MD&A, we have implemented a range of actions aimed at temporarily reducing costs and preserving liquidity, including exercising careful discretion in our near-term operating and capital spending decisions. If the macroeconomic situation deteriorates or the duration of the pandemic is extended, we will evaluate additional cost actions, as necessary, as the operational and financial impacts to our Company continue to evolve.

 

Pascagoula, Mississippi Plant Closure

 

In the second quarter of 2020, we completed a business review of our Aniline business, which generated $71 million in net sales during the year ended December 31, 2019, primarily as a raw materials pass-through business. Based on our review, we determined that the Aniline business is not core to our future strategy, and the decision was made to stop production at our Pascagoula, Mississippi manufacturing plant by the end of 2020. As a result, during the three months ended June 30, 2020, we recorded restructuring, asset-related, and other charges of $12 million, which are comprised of $6 million for property, plant, and equipment and other asset impairments, $4 million for environmental remediation liabilities, and $2 million for employee separation-related liabilities. In conjunction with this decision, approximately 75 employees will separate from the Company in 2021 and will be subject to our customary involuntary termination benefits. The associated severance payments will also be made in 2021.

 

40


The Chemours Company

 

Results of Operations and Business Highlights

 

Results of Operations

 

The following table sets forth our results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Net sales

 

$

1,093

 

 

$

1,408

 

 

$

2,398

 

 

$

2,784

 

Cost of goods sold

 

 

894

 

 

 

1,085

 

 

 

1,901

 

 

 

2,165

 

Gross profit

 

 

199

 

 

 

323

 

 

 

497

 

 

 

619

 

Selling, general, and administrative expense

 

 

110

 

 

 

136

 

 

 

235

 

 

 

292

 

Research and development expense

 

 

20

 

 

 

19

 

 

 

44

 

 

 

41

 

Restructuring, asset-related, and other charges

 

 

17

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

28

 

 

 

15

 

Total other operating expenses

 

 

147

 

 

 

162

 

 

 

307

 

 

 

348

 

Equity in earnings of affiliates

 

 

7

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

14

 

 

 

16

 

Interest expense, net

 

 

(53

)

 

 

(52

)

 

 

(107

)

 

 

(103

)

Other income (expense), net

 

 

14

 

 

 

16

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

55

 

Income before income taxes

 

 

20

 

 

 

133

 

 

 

96

 

 

 

239

 

(Benefit from) provision for income taxes

 

 

(4

)

 

 

37

 

 

 

(28

)

 

 

50

 

Net income

 

 

24

 

 

 

96

 

 

 

124

 

 

 

189

 

Net income attributable to Chemours

 

$

24

 

 

$

96

 

 

$

124

 

 

$

189

 

Per share data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share of common stock

 

$

0.15

 

 

$

0.58

 

 

$

0.75

 

 

$

1.14

 

Diluted earnings per share of common stock

 

 

0.15

 

 

 

0.57

 

 

 

0.75

 

 

 

1.12

 

 

Net Sales

 

The following table sets forth the impacts of price, volume, currency, and portfolio changes on our net sales for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, compared with the same periods in 2019.

 

Change in net sales from prior period

 

Three Months Ended June 30, 2020

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2020

 

Price

 

 

(4

)%

 

 

(4

)%

Volume

 

 

(16

)%

 

 

(7

)%

Currency

 

 

%

 

 

(1

)%

Portfolio

 

 

(2

)%

 

 

(2

)%

Total change in net sales

 

 

(22

)%

 

 

(14

)%

 

Our net sales decreased by $315 million (or 22%) to $1.1 billion for the three months ended June 30, 2020, compared with net sales of $1.4 billion for the same period in 2019. The components of the decrease in our net sales by segment for the three months ended June 30, 2020 were as follows: in our Fluoroproducts segment, price declined 3% and volume was down 22%; in our Chemical Solutions segment, price declined 3%, volume was down 16%, and portfolio change led to an 18% decrease; and, in our Titanium Technologies segment, price declined 5% and volume was down 9%. Unfavorable currency movements also added a 1% headwind to net sales in our Fluoroproducts segment.

 

Our net sales decreased by $386 million (or 14%) to $2.4 billion for the six months ended June 30, 2020, compared with net sales of $2.8 billion for the same period in 2019. The components of the decrease in our net sales by segment for the six months ended June 30, 2020 were as follows: in our Fluoroproducts segment, price declined 4% and volume was down 15%; in our Chemical Solutions segment, price declined 4%, volume was down 11%, and portfolio change led to a 19% decrease; and, in our Titanium Technologies segment, price declined 6% and volume was up 5%. Unfavorable currency movements also added a 1% headwind to net sales in our Fluoroproducts and Titanium Technologies segments.

 

The drivers of these changes for each of our segments are discussed further under the “Segment Reviews” section within this MD&A.


41


The Chemours Company

 

Cost of Goods Sold

 

Our cost of goods sold (“COGS”) decreased by $191 million (or 18%) and $264 million (or 12%) to $0.9 billion and $1.9 billion for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, compared with COGS of $1.1 billion and $2.2 billion for the same periods in 2019. The decreases in our COGS for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 were primarily attributable to lower net sales, as well as lower distribution, freight, and logistics expenses. In comparison with the first half of the prior year, we also did not incur costs in the first half of 2020 associated with unplanned outages at certain of our operating facilities, or costs incurred due to the start-up of our OpteonTM refrigerants facility in Corpus Christi, Texas. Our previous exit of the Methylamines and Methylamides business at our Belle, West Virginia production facility also contributed to the reduction in COGS. These comparative reductions in COGS were partially offset by costs incurred in conjunction with the temporary idling of certain of our production lines during the second quarter of 2020 due to reduced customer demand.

 

Selling, General, and Administrative Expense

 

Our selling, general, and administrative (“SG&A”) expense decreased by $26 million (or 19%) and $57 million (or 20%) to $110 million and $235 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, compared with SG&A expense of $136 million and $292 million for the same periods in 2019. The decreases in our SG&A expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 were primarily attributable to our cost reductions and lower compensation expense, as well as our cost savings initiatives in response to the COVID-19 pandemic as further discussed in the “2020 Outlook” section of this MD&A.

 

Research and Development Expense

 

Our research and development expense was largely unchanged at $20 million and $44 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, compared with research and development expense of $19 million and $41 million for the same periods in 2019.

 

Restructuring, Asset-Related, and Other Charges

 

Our restructuring, asset-related, and other charges increased by $10 million (or 143%) and $13 million (or 87%) to $17 million and $28 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, compared with restructuring, asset-related, and other charges of $7 million and $15 million for the same periods in 2019. Our restructuring, asset-related, and other charges for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 were primarily attributable to $12 million of charges incurred in connection with our decision to exit the Aniline business and stop production at our Pascagoula, Mississippi manufacturing plant by the end of 2020. We also incurred net charges of $4 million and $12 million, respectively, in connection with employee-related separation liabilities under our recent restructuring programs. Our restructuring, asset-related, and other charges for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 were primarily attributable to $6 million and $12 million, respectively, of decommissioning and dismantling-related charges associated with the demolition and removal of certain unused buildings at our Chambers Works site in Deepwater, New Jersey.

 

Equity in Earnings of Affiliates

 

Our equity in earnings of affiliates was largely unchanged at $7 million and $14 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, compared with equity in earnings of affiliates of $8 million and $16 million for the same periods in 2019.

 

Interest Expense, Net

 

Our interest expense, net was largely unchanged at $53 million and $52 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

 

Our interest expense, net increased by $4 million (or 4%) to $107 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020, compared with interest expense, net of $103 million for the same period in 2019. The increase in our interest expense, net for the six months ended June 30, 2020 was primarily attributable to a $2 million reduction in interest income earned on lower cash and cash equivalents balances held throughout the first quarter of 2020.


42


The Chemours Company

 

Other Income (Expense), Net

 

Our other income (expense), net decreased by $2 million and $56 million to other income, net of $14 million and other expense, net of $1 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, compared with other income, net of $16 million and $55 million for the same periods in 2019. The decreases in our other income, net were primarily attributable to decreases in our leasing, contract services, and miscellaneous income, which were driven by $11 million and $34 million lower European Union (“EU”) fluorinated greenhouse gas (“F-Gas”) quota authorization sales during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively. We also experienced $2 million and $5 million reductions, respectively, in our non-operating pension and other post-retirement employee benefit income, following the settlement of a portion of our Netherlands pension plan in the fourth quarter of 2019. During the three months ended June 30, 2020, the comparative decrease in our other income, net was almost entirely offset by favorable changes in net exchange gains and losses of $15 million, driven by favorable movements in our foreign currency forward contracts. During the six months ended June 30, 2020, unfavorable changes in net exchange gains and losses of $16 million further contributed to the comparative decrease in our other income, net, driven by unfavorable movements in several foreign currencies, partially offset by our foreign currency forward contracts.

 

Provision for (Benefit from) Income Taxes

 

Our provision for (benefit from) income taxes amounted to a benefit from income taxes of $4 million and a provision for income taxes of $37 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, which represented effective tax rates of negative 20% and 28%, respectively. The $41 million decrease in our provision for income taxes for the three months ended June 30, 2020 was primarily attributable to decreased profitability, changes to our geographic mix of earnings, and $8 million of additional income tax expense recorded in the second quarter of 2019 associated with the recognition of a valuation allowance on the deferred tax assets of a certain foreign subsidiary.

 

Our provision for (benefit from) income taxes amounted to a benefit from income taxes of $28 million and a provision for income taxes of $50 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, which represented effective tax rates of negative 29% and 21%, respectively. The $78 million decrease in our provision for income taxes for the six months ended June 30, 2020 was primarily attributable to decreased profitability, changes to our geographic mix of earnings, and $8 million of additional income tax expense recorded in the second quarter of 2019 associated with the recognition of a valuation allowance on the deferred tax assets of a certain foreign subsidiary. We also recorded an income tax benefit of $18 million in the first quarter of 2020, which was related to the United States Internal Revenue Service acceptance of a non-automatic accounting method change that allows for the recovery of tax basis for depreciation, which had been previously disallowed. Our benefit from income taxes was partially offset by $7 million of lower income tax benefits related to share-based payments.


43


The Chemours Company

 

Segment Reviews

 

Adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (“Adjusted EBITDA”) is the primary measure of segment profitability used by our Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”) and is defined as income (loss) before income taxes, excluding the following:

 

interest expense, depreciation, and amortization;

 

non-operating pension and other post-retirement employee benefit costs, which represents the component of net periodic pension (income) costs excluding the service cost component;

 

exchange (gains) losses included in other income (expense), net;

 

restructuring, asset-related, and other charges;

 

(gains) losses on sales of assets and businesses; and,

 

other items not considered indicative of our ongoing operational performance and expected to occur infrequently.

 

A reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income attributable to Chemours for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 is included in the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section of this MD&A.

 

The following table sets forth our Adjusted EBITDA by segment for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

(Dollars in millions)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Fluoroproducts

 

$

97

 

 

$

180

 

 

$

238

 

 

$

339

 

Chemical Solutions

 

 

19

 

 

 

16

 

 

 

33

 

 

 

31

 

Titanium Technologies

 

 

94

 

 

 

127

 

 

 

232

 

 

 

253

 

Corporate and Other

 

 

(44

)

 

 

(40

)

 

 

(80

)

 

 

(78

)

Total Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

166

 

 

$

283

 

 

$

423

 

 

$

545

 

 


44


The Chemours Company

 

Fluoroproducts

 

The following table sets forth the net sales, Adjusted EBITDA, and Adjusted EBITDA margin amounts for our Fluoroproducts segment for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

(Dollars in millions)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Segment net sales

 

$

523

 

 

$

711

 

 

$

1,123

 

 

$

1,398

 

Adjusted EBITDA

 

 

97

 

 

 

180

 

 

 

238

 

 

 

339

 

Adjusted EBITDA margin

 

 

19

%

 

 

25

%

 

 

21

%

 

 

24

%

 

The following table sets forth the impacts of price, volume, currency, and portfolio changes on our Fluoroproducts segment’s net sales for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, compared with the same periods in 2019.

 

Change in segment net sales from prior period

 

Three Months Ended June 30, 2020

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2020

 

Price

 

 

(3

)%

 

 

(4

)%

Volume

 

 

(22

)%

 

 

(15

)%

Currency

 

 

(1

)%

 

 

(1

)%

Portfolio

 

 

%

 

 

%

Total change in segment net sales

 

 

(26

)%

 

 

(20

)%

 

Segment Net Sales

 

Our Fluoroproducts segment’s net sales decreased by $188 million (or 26%) to $523 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020, compared with segment net sales of $711 million for the same period in 2019. The decrease in segment net sales for the three months ended June 30, 2020 was primarily attributable to decreases in volume and price of 22% and 3%, respectively. Volumes declined due to lower global customer demand for our refrigerants and polymers, as COVID-19 continued to negatively impact end-market demand from our customers across several market sectors. In particular, in the automotive sector, original equipment manufacturer (“OEM”) shutdowns that began to take place in the EU and North America in the first quarter of 2020 continued into the second quarter of 2020, further weakening customer demand within the segment. Prices declined during the three months ended June 30, 2020, driven by our composition of product and customer mix, as well as contractual price adjustments for refrigerants and market weakness in certain geographies. Unfavorable currency movements added a 1% headwind to the segment’s net sales during the three months ended June 30, 2020.

 

Our Fluoroproducts segment’s net sales decreased by $275 million (or 20%) to $1.1 billion for the six months ended June 30, 2020, compared with segment net sales of $1.4 billion for the same period in 2019. The decrease in segment net sales for the six months ended June 30, 2020 was primarily attributable to decreases in volume and price of 15% and 4%, respectively. Volumes declined due to lower global customer demand for our refrigerants and polymers, as initial softness in the automotive and other global end-markets was compounded by the negative impact of COVID-19 on end-market demand from our customers across several market sectors. In particular, in the automotive sector, OEM shutdowns that began to take place in the EU and North America in the first quarter of 2020 continued into the second quarter of 2020, further weakening customer demand within the segment. Prices declined during the six months ended June 30, 2020, driven by our composition of product and customer mix, as well as contractual price adjustments for refrigerants and market weakness in certain geographies. Unfavorable currency movements added a 1% headwind to the segment’s net sales during the six months ended June 30, 2020.

 

Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2020, segment Adjusted EBITDA decreased by $83 million (or 46%) to $97 million and Adjusted EBITDA margin decreased by approximately 600 basis points to 19%, compared with segment Adjusted EBITDA of $180 million and Adjusted EBITDA margin of 25% for the same period in 2019. For the six months ended June 30, 2020, segment Adjusted EBITDA decreased by $101 million (or 30%) to $238 million and Adjusted EBITDA margin decreased by approximately 300 basis points to 21%, compared with segment Adjusted EBITDA of $339 million and Adjusted EBITDA margin of 24% for the same period in 2019. These decreases were primarily attributable to the aforementioned decreases in the volume and price and unfavorable currency movements in the segment’s net sales. We also incurred costs associated with the temporary idling of certain of our production lines during the second quarter of 2020 due to reduced customer demand. Additionally, our EU F-gas quota authorization sales decreased by $11 million and $34 million when compared with the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively. The aforementioned decreases to segment Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA margin were partially offset by enhanced operational performance at certain of our operating facilities in the first half of 2020 relative to the first half of 2019, cost savings associated with ramping up production at our OpteonTM refrigerants facility in Corpus Christi, Texas, and structural cost reductions within the segment.

45


The Chemours Company

 

Chemical Solutions

 

The following table sets forth the net sales, Adjusted EBITDA, and Adjusted EBITDA margin amounts for our Chemical Solutions segment for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

(Dollars in millions)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Segment net sales

 

$

82

 

 

$

130

 

 

$

175

 

 

$

264

 

Adjusted EBITDA

 

 

19

 

 

 

16

 

 

 

33

 

 

 

31

 

Adjusted EBITDA margin

 

 

23

%

 

 

12

%

 

 

19

%

 

 

12

%

 

The following table sets forth the impacts of price, volume, currency, and portfolio changes on our Chemical Solutions segment’s net sales for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, compared with the same periods in 2019.

 

Change in segment net sales from prior period

 

Three Months Ended June 30, 2020

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2020

 

Price

 

 

(3

)%

 

 

(4

)%

Volume

 

 

(16

)%

 

 

(11

)%

Currency

 

 

%

 

 

%

Portfolio

 

 

(18

)%

 

 

(19

)%

Total change in segment net sales

 

 

(37

)%

 

 

(34

)%

 

Segment Net Sales

 

Our Chemical Solutions segment’s net sales decreased by $48 million (or 37%) to $82 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020, compared with segment net sales of $130 million for the same period in 2019. The decrease in segment net sales for the three months ended June 30, 2020 was attributable to portfolio change, which drove an 18% decline in net sales following our exit of the Methylamines and Methylamides business at our Belle, West Virginia production facility. Segment net sales volumes decreased 16%, driven by the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on customer mining operations and end-market demand. Average prices decreased 3%, driven by lower raw materials pass-throughs and regional customer mix compared with the prior year quarter.

 

Our Chemical Solutions segment’s net sales decreased by $89 million (or 34%) to $175 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020, compared with segment net sales of $264 million for the same period in 2019. The decrease in segment net sales for the six months ended June 30, 2020 was attributable to portfolio change, which drove a 19% decline in net sales following our exit of the Methylamines and Methylamides business at our Belle, West Virginia production facility. Segment net sales volumes decreased 11%, driven by the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on customer mining operations and end-market demand. Average prices decreased 4%, driven by lower raw materials pass-throughs and regional customer mix compared with the first half of the prior year.

 

Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2020, segment Adjusted EBITDA increased by $3 million (or 19%) to $19 million and Adjusted EBITDA margin increased by approximately 1,100 basis points to 23%, compared with segment Adjusted EBITDA of $16 million and Adjusted EBITDA margin of 12% for the same period in 2019. For the six months ended June 30, 2020, segment Adjusted EBITDA increased by $2 million (or 6%) to $33 million and Adjusted EBITDA margin increased by approximately 700 basis points to 19%, compared with segment Adjusted EBITDA of $31 million and Adjusted EBITDA margin of 12% for the same period in 2019. These increases were primarily attributable to the cost savings associated with our exit of the Methylamines and Methylamides business at our Belle, West Virginia production facility, partially offset by the aforementioned decreases in segment net sales.

 


46


The Chemours Company

 

Titanium Technologies

 

The following table sets forth the net sales, Adjusted EBITDA, and Adjusted EBITDA margin amounts for our Titanium Technologies segment for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

(Dollars in millions)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Segment net sales

 

$

488

 

 

$

567

 

 

$

1,100

 

 

$

1,122

 

Adjusted EBITDA

 

 

94

 

 

 

127

 

 

 

232

 

 

 

253

 

Adjusted EBITDA margin

 

 

19

%

 

 

22

%

 

 

21

%

 

 

23

%

 

The following table sets forth the impacts of price, volume, currency, and portfolio changes on our Titanium Technologies segment’s net sales for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, compared with the same periods in 2019.

 

Change in segment net sales from prior period

 

Three Months Ended June 30, 2020

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2020

 

Price

 

 

(5

)%

 

 

(6

)%

Volume

 

 

(9

)%

 

 

5

%

Currency

 

 

%

 

 

(1

)%

Portfolio

 

 

%

 

 

%

Total change in segment net sales

 

 

(14

)%

 

 

(2

)%

 

Segment Net Sales

 

Our Titanium Technologies segment’s net sales decreased by $79 million (or 14%) to $488 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020, compared with segment net sales of $567 million for the same period in 2019. The decrease in segment net sales for the three months ended June 30, 2020 was primarily attributable to decreases in volume and price of 9% and 5%, respectively. Volumes declined due to lower global customer demand for our Ti-PureTM TiO2, as COVID-19 negatively impacted end-market demand from our customers across several markets and regions. As a result of the reduction in end-market demand, our typical seasonal growth in sales volumes was negatively impacted. Price declined for the three months ended June 30, 2020 due to customer, regional, and channel mix, as well as targeted price reductions, largely in the plastics market as served through our Ti-PureTM Flex online portal. These price declines occurred prior to the second quarter of 2020, and prices were held flat during the quarter.

 

Our Titanium Technologies segment’s net sales decreased by $22 million (or 2%) to $1.1 billion for the six months ended June 30, 2020, compared with segment net sales of $1.1 billion for the same period in 2019. The decrease in segment net sales for the six months ended June 30, 2020 was primarily attributable to a decrease in price of 6%, which was partially offset by an increase in volume of 5%. Price declined for the six months ended June 30, 2020 due to customer, regional, and channel mix, as well as targeted price reductions, largely in the plastics market as served through our Ti-PureTM Flex online portal. These price declines primarily occurred prior to the first quarter of 2020. Volume increases were driven by share regain in the first quarter of 2020, which was partially offset by lower global customer demand for our Ti-PureTM TiO2 in the second quarter of 2020, as COVID-19 negatively impacted end-market demand from our customers across several markets and regions. Unfavorable currency movements added a 1% headwind to the segment’s net sales during the six months ended June 30, 2020.

 

Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2020, segment Adjusted EBITDA decreased by $33 million (or 26%) to $94 million and Adjusted EBITDA margin decreased by approximately 300 basis points to 19%, compared with segment Adjusted EBITDA of $127 million and Adjusted EBITDA margin of 22% for the same period in 2019. For the six months ended June 30, 2020, segment Adjusted EBITDA decreased by $21 million (or 8%) to $232 million and Adjusted EBITDA margin decreased by approximately 200 basis points to 21%, compared with segment Adjusted EBITDA of $253 million and Adjusted EBITDA margin of 23% for the same period in 2019. These decreases were primarily attributable to the aforementioned decreases in price during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and volume during the three months ended June 30, 2020, as well as unfavorable currency movements in the segment’s net sales and lower fixed cost absorption during the second quarter of 2020.

 


47


The Chemours Company

 

Corporate and Other

 

Corporate and Other costs increased by $4 million (or 10%) and $2 million (or 3%) to $44 million and $80 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, compared with Corporate and Other costs of $40 million and $78 million for the same periods in 2019. These increases in Corporate and Other costs for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 were primarily attributable to higher costs associated with environmental remediation matters. This increase was partially offset by lower compensation expense, as well as lower external spend, which is consistent with our cost savings initiatives in response to the COVID-19 pandemic as further discussed in the “2020 Outlook” section of this MD&A.

 

 

2020 Outlook

 

While the COVID-19 pandemic has introduced a tremendous amount of uncertainty into global markets and local economies, we continue to believe that we are well-positioned to respond to the rapidly evolving market dynamics that are impacting our businesses. However, in anticipation of declines in customer demand driven by COVID-19, we implemented a range of actions aimed at reducing costs by reducing all discretionary spend, freezing non-critical hiring, and delaying external spend wherever possible. We also reduced structural plant fixed costs to improve the efficiency of our production units, an initiative that was already in flight at the end of 2019. In addition, where legally permissible, we made temporary base pay reductions for salaried employees globally, until we see an improvement in demand across the Company. This includes our Chief Executive Officer who took a temporary base salary reduction of 40% and the executive team who took a temporary base salary reduction of 30%. These actions are expected to reduce our costs for the year ending December 31, 2020 by approximately $160 million. We are also reducing our capital spending by $125 million for the year ending December 31, 2020, only proceeding with capital projects considered critical in the near-term. If the macroeconomic situation deteriorates or the duration of the pandemic is extended, we will evaluate additional cost actions, as necessary, as the operational and financial impacts to our Company continue to evolve.

 

In our Fluoroproducts segment, we anticipate facing continued headwinds in global customer demand, as COVID-19 continues to negatively impact end-market demand from our customers, across several market sectors. Within the segment, we expect fluorochemicals demand to respond more quickly to the auto OEM factories restarting, with a lagged impact in fluoropolymers demand. In response to the anticipated headwinds in future sales volumes, we remain in frequent communication with our customers to fully understand their evolving product needs and to optimize our production volumes. We are also continuing our investment to prevent the illegal import of legacy HFC refrigerants into the EU, in violation of the EU’s F-gas regulations.

 

In our Chemical Solutions segment, trends in our future net sales volumes will be driven by our customers’ mining operations, as they work towards returning to normalized production volumes following temporary operating restrictions imposed during COVID-19. At that time, we anticipate that demand for our products will begin to normalize. We continue to focus on operations productivity, inventory management, and cash generation in this segment.

 

In our Titanium Technologies segment, we are beginning to see signs of nascent market recovery in certain markets and regions, while others have not yet started to emerge from the negative economic impacts of COVID-19. We continue to collaborate with and remain connected to our customers in meeting their future demands. Given our strong position in ore feedstock and our ability to secure supply, we are appropriately positioned to maintain our commitment to our Ti-PureTM Value Stabilization (“TVS”) strategy, allowing us to continue to offer our customers a predictable and reliable supply of high-quality TiO2. Through execution of this strategy, our Assured Value Agreements (“AVA”) promote net working capital stability, allowing our customers to purchase TiO2 with supply assurance and price predictability as the market recovery begins. Alternatively, our Ti-PureTM Flex online portal provides our customers with the opportunity to log-in from any location and secure their respective product needs and pricing for up to six months. Our third-party agents and distributors also continue to serve markets that we may not reach directly.

 

In responding to the COVID-19 pandemic and its subsequent impacts on global markets and local economies, we remain focused on matters that are within our control. Through the underlying strengths of our business operations, financial results and condition, and cash flows, we are fully engaged to protect the health and well-being of our employees and serve our customers.

 

However, in considering the unpredictability of the duration and magnitude of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly as it relates to our operations and end-market demand, we are not currently providing full-year 2020 financial guidance. Our previous guidance, as issued on February 13, 2020, was withdrawn on May 5, 2020.

 


48


The Chemours Company

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Our primary sources of liquidity are cash generated from operations, available cash, receivables securitization, and borrowings under our debt financing arrangements, which are described in further detail in “Note 14 – Debt” to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements and “Note 20 – Debt” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. Our operating cash flow generation is driven by, among other things, the general global economic conditions at any point in time and their resulting impacts on demand for our products, raw materials and energy prices, and industry-specific issues, such as production capacity and utilization. We have generated strong operating cash flows through various past industry and economic cycles, evidencing the underlying operating strength of our businesses. As noted in the “2020 Outlook” section within this MD&A, however, significant uncertainty continues to exist concerning both the magnitude and the duration of the impacts to our financial results and condition as caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Regardless of size and duration, these rapidly evolving challenges have had and will continue to have an adverse impact on our operating cash flows. However, based on our responses to the COVID-19 pandemic, including the business-related initiatives discussed in our “2020 Outlook”, we anticipate that our available cash, cash from operations, and existing debt financing arrangements will provide us with sufficient liquidity through at least July 2021.

 

At June 30, 2020, we had total cash and cash equivalents of $1.0 billion, of which $389 million was held by our foreign subsidiaries. All cash and cash equivalents held by our foreign subsidiaries is readily convertible into currencies used in our operations, including the U.S. dollar. During the six months ended June 30, 2020, we received approximately $325 million of cash in the U.S. through intercompany loans and dividends. Traditionally, the cash and earnings of our foreign subsidiaries have generally been used to finance their operations and capital expenditures, and it is our intention to indefinitely reinvest the historical pre-2018 earnings of our foreign subsidiaries. However, beginning in 2018, management asserts that only certain foreign subsidiaries are indefinitely reinvested. For further information related to our income tax positions, see “Note 9 – Income Taxes” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. Management believes that sufficient liquidity is available in the U.S. through at least July 2021, which includes borrowing capacity under our revolving credit facility.

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2020, we decided to take certain precautionary measures in light of macroeconomic uncertainties driven by COVID-19. On April 8, 2020, we drew $300 million from our revolving credit facility. There were no borrowings outstanding on the revolving credit facility at the time of the draw, although outstanding letters of credit of $101 million offset our borrowing availability from the maximum capacity of $800 million. We have not used, nor do we currently expect to use, the proceeds from these borrowings; however, we may use the proceeds in the future for working capital needs or other general corporate purposes. The availability under our revolving credit facility is subject to a maintenance covenant based on senior secured net debt and the last 12 months of consolidated EBITDA, as defined in our amended and restated credit agreement. Based on our forecasts and plans, we anticipate that we will be in compliance with our credit facility covenants through at least July 2021. For further details regarding our debt covenants pursuant to the amended and restated credit agreement of our senior secured credit facilities, see “Note 20 – Debt” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. In addition to the borrowings under our revolving credit facility, we also elected to accept tax relief provided by various taxing jurisdictions during the first half of 2020. The accepted relief primarily applies to foreign taxing jurisdictions and resulted in the deferral of approximately $75 million in tax payments, which are largely expected to be made in 2021.

 

We anticipate making significant payments for interest, critical capital expenditures, environmental remediation costs and investments, dividends, and other actions over the next 12 months, which we expect to fund through cash generated from operations, available cash, receivables securitization, and borrowings. We continue to believe our sources of liquidity are sufficient to fund our planned operations and to meet our interest, dividend, and contractual obligations through at least July 2021. Our financial policy seeks to: (i) selectively invest in organic and inorganic growth to enhance our portfolio, including certain strategic capital investments; (ii) maintain appropriate leverage by using free cash flows to repay outstanding borrowings; and, (iii) return cash to shareholders through dividends and share repurchases. Specific to our objective to return cash to shareholders, in recent quarters, we have previously announced dividends of $0.25 per share, amounting to approximately $160 million per year, and, on July 29, 2020, we announced our quarterly cash dividend of $0.25 per share for the third quarter of 2020. Under our 2018 Share Repurchase Program, as further discussed in Item 2 – Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, we also have remaining authority to repurchase $428 million of our outstanding common stock. In light of the COVID-19 pandemic, we do not currently plan to repurchase additional shares of our outstanding common stock in the near future. Subject to approval by our board of directors, we may raise additional capital or borrowings from time to time, or seek to refinance our existing debt, although we have no such plans at the current time. There can be no assurances that future capital or borrowings will be available to us, and the cost and availability of new capital or borrowings could be materially impacted by market conditions. Further, the decision to refinance our existing debt is based on a number of factors, including general market conditions and our ability to refinance on attractive terms at any given point in time. Any attempts to raise additional capital or borrowings or refinance our existing debt could cause us to incur significant charges. Such charges could have a material impact on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

 


49


The Chemours Company

 

Cash Flows

 

The following table sets forth a summary of the net cash provided by (used for) our operating, investing, and financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

(Dollars in millions)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Cash provided by (used for) operating activities

 

$

155

 

 

$

(38

)

Cash used for investing activities

 

 

(163

)

 

 

(256

)

Cash provided by (used for) financing activities

 

 

92

 

 

 

(283

)

 

Operating Activities

 

We generated $155 million in cash flows from and used $38 million in cash flows for our operating activities during the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The increase in our operating cash inflows for the six months ended June 30, 2020 was primarily attributable to the $125 million of accounts receivables sold to the bank pursuant to the amended and restated receivables purchase agreement (the “Amended Purchase Agreement”) under our accounts receivable securitization facility (“Securitization Facility”), additional reductions in our outstanding accounts receivable consistent with reduced customer demand as largely driven by the COVID-19 pandemic, and a comparative reduction in cash outflows for our accounts payable and other accrued liabilities consistent with both lower raw materials inventories purchases and our cost savings initiatives in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. These comparative increases in our operating cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2020 were partially offset by a decrease in our net income.

 

Investing Activities

 

We used $163 million and $256 million in cash flows for our investing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Our investing cash outflows for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 were primarily attributable to purchases of property, plant, and equipment, amounting to $167 million and $257 million, respectively. The comparative reduction in our purchases of property, plant, and equipment during the six months ended June 30, 2020 was primarily attributable to temporary cash preservation initiatives, which were implemented in anticipation of declining customer demand as driven by COVID-19. For further information related to our temporary cash preservation initiatives and the anticipated impact on our capital spending for the year ending December 31, 2020, refer to the “2020 Outlook” section within this MD&A.

 

Financing Activities

 

We generated $92 million in cash flows from our financing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2020. Our financing cash inflows for the six months ended June 30, 2020 were primarily attributable to $300 million in proceeds received from drawing on our revolving credit facility, which was executed as a precautionary measure in light of macroeconomic uncertainties driven by COVID-19. Our financing cash inflows were partially offset by the amendment and restatement of our receivables purchase agreement dated as of July 12, 2019 (the “Original Purchase Agreement”) under our Securitization Facility, resulting in net repayments of $110 million to settle the associated collateralized borrowings. We also returned $82 million to our shareholders in the form of cash dividends paid and made $12 million in debt repayments.

 

We used $283 million in cash flows for our financing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2019. Our financing cash outflows for the six months ended June 30, 2019 were primarily attributable to our capital allocation activities, resulting in $405 million of cash returned to shareholders through our 2018 Share Repurchase Program and through cash dividends paid. We also made $30 million in payments for withholding taxes on certain of our vested stock-based compensation awards, as well as $6 million in debt repayments. Our financing cash outflows were partially offset by $150 million in proceeds received from drawing on our revolving credit facility, which was executed for general corporate purposes.

 


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The Chemours Company

 

Current Assets

 

The following table sets forth the components of our current assets at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

(Dollars in millions)

 

June 30, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

1,031

 

 

$

943

 

Accounts and notes receivable, net

 

 

540

 

 

 

674

 

Inventories

 

 

1,074

 

 

 

1,079

 

Prepaid expenses and other

 

 

72

 

 

 

81

 

Total current assets

 

$

2,717

 

 

$

2,777

 

 

Our accounts and notes receivable, net decreased by $134 million (or 20%) to $540 million at June 30, 2020, compared with accounts and notes receivable, net of $674 million at December 31, 2019. The decrease in our accounts and notes receivable, net at June 30, 2020 was primarily attributable to $125 million of accounts receivables sold to the bank in accordance with the Amended Purchase Agreement under our Securitization Facility, as well as lower net sales in the second quarter of 2020 versus the fourth quarter of 2019. These decreases in our accounts and notes receivable, net at June 30, 2020 were partially offset by the timing of payments from our customers at the previous year-end.

 

Our inventories were largely unchanged at $1.1 billion at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019. The slight decrease in our inventories at June 30, 2020 was primarily attributable to lower raw materials inventories purchases in connection with lower sales volumes in each of our three reportable segments, which was almost entirely offset by the seasonal build-up of our finished products inventories in the first quarter of 2020.

 

Our prepaid expenses and other assets decreased by $9 million (or 11%) to $72 million at June 30, 2020, compared with prepaid expenses and other assets of $81 million at December 31, 2019. The decrease in our prepaid expenses and other assets was primarily attributable to a decrease in our prepaid insurance premiums.

 

Current Liabilities

 

The following table sets forth the components of our current liabilities at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

(Dollars in millions)

 

June 30, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Accounts payable

 

$

651

 

 

$

923

 

Short-term and current maturities of long-term debt

 

 

19

 

 

 

134

 

Other accrued liabilities

 

 

486

 

 

 

484

 

Total current liabilities

 

$

1,156

 

 

$

1,541

 

 

Our accounts payable decreased by $272 million (or 29%) to $651 million at June 30, 2020, compared with accounts payable of $923 million at December 31, 2019. The decrease in our accounts payable at June 30, 2020 was primarily attributable to lower raw materials inventories purchases in connection with lower sales volumes in each of our three reportable segments, our cost savings initiatives in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, and the timing of payments to our vendors.

 

Our short-term and current maturities of long-term debt decreased by $115 million (or 86%) to $19 million at June 30, 2020, compared with short-term and current maturities of long-term debt of $134 million at December 31, 2019. The decrease in our short-term and current maturities of long-term debt at June 30, 2020 was primarily attributable to the amendment and restatement of the Original Purchase Agreement under our Securitization Facility, resulting in the settlement of $110 million in collateralized borrowings outstanding as of December 31, 2019.

 

Our other accrued liabilities increased by $2 million (or less than 1%) to $486 million at June 30, 2020, compared with other accrued liabilities of $484 million at December 31, 2019. The increase in our other accrued liabilities at June 30, 2020 was primarily attributable to a $26 million increase due to our deferral of certain income tax payments, as well as a $17 million increase for environmental remediation at certain of our sites. These increases in our other accrued liabilities at June 30, 2020 were almost entirely offset by recognition of customer rebates and payments of certain accrued expenses, primarily during the first quarter of 2020.

 

Credit Facilities and Notes

 

See “Note 14 – Debt” to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements and “Note 20 – Debt” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 for a discussion of our credit facilities and notes.


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The Chemours Company

 

Guarantor Financial Information

 

The following disclosures set forth summarized financial information and alternative disclosures in accordance with Rule 13-01 of Regulation S-X (“Rule 13-01”). These disclosures have been made in connection with certain subsidiaries' guarantees of the 6.625% senior unsecured notes due May 2023, the 7.000% senior unsecured notes due May 2025, the 4.000% senior unsecured notes due May 2026, which are denominated in euros, and the 5.375% senior unsecured notes due May 2027 (collectively, the “Notes”). Each series of the Notes was issued by The Chemours Company (the “Parent Issuer”), and was fully and unconditionally guaranteed, jointly and severally, on a senior unsecured basis by the same group of subsidiaries of the Parent Issuer (together, the “Guarantor Subsidiaries”), subject to certain exceptions as set forth in “Note 20 – Debt” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. The assets, liabilities, and operations of the Guarantor Subsidiaries primarily consist of those attributable to The Chemours Company FC, LLC, our primary operating subsidiary in the United States, as well as the other U.S.-based operating subsidiaries as set forth in Exhibit 22 to this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Each of the Guarantor Subsidiaries is 100% owned by the Company. None of our other subsidiaries, either direct or indirect, guarantee the Notes (together, the “Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries”). Pursuant to the indentures governing the Notes, the Guarantor Subsidiaries will be automatically released from those guarantees upon the occurrence of certain customary release provisions.

 

Our summarized financial information is presented on a combined basis, consisting of the Parent Issuer and Guarantor Subsidiaries (collectively, the “Obligor Group”), in accordance with the requirements under Rule 13-01, and is presented after the elimination of: (i) intercompany transactions and balances among the Parent Issuer and Guarantor Subsidiaries, and (ii) equity in earnings from and investments in the Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries.

 

(Dollars in millions)

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2020

 

Net sales

 

$

1,614

 

Gross profit

 

 

214

 

Income before income taxes

 

 

3

 

Net income

 

 

32

 

Net income attributable to Chemours

 

 

32

 

 

(Dollars in millions)

 

June 30, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets (1,2,3)

 

$

1,518

 

 

$

1,063

 

Long-term assets (4)

 

 

4,220

 

 

 

4,339

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities (2)

 

$

1,172

 

 

$

1,045

 

Long-term liabilities

 

 

5,089

 

 

 

4,871

 

 

(1)

Current assets includes $641 million and $104 million of cash and cash equivalents at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

 

 

(2)

Current assets includes $276 million and $346 million of intercompany accounts receivable from the Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. Current liabilities includes $435 million and $179 million of intercompany accounts payable to the Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

 

 

(3)

As of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, $67 million and $176 million of accounts receivable generated by the Obligor Group, respectively, remained outstanding with one of the Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries under the Securitization Facility.

 

 

(4)

Long-term assets includes $1.2 billion of intercompany notes receivable from the Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

 

 

There are no significant restrictions that may affect the ability of the Guarantor Subsidiaries in guaranteeing the Parent Issuer’s obligations under our debt financing arrangements. While the Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries do not guarantee the Parent Issuer’s obligations under our debt financing arrangements, we may, from time to time, repatriate post-2017 earnings from certain of these subsidiaries to meet our financing obligations, as well.

 

Supplier Financing

 

We maintain supply chain finance programs with several financial institutions. The programs allow our suppliers to sell their receivables to one of the participating financial institutions at the discretion of both parties on terms that are negotiated between the supplier and the respective financial institution. Our obligations to our suppliers, including the amounts due and scheduled payment dates, are not impacted by our suppliers’ decisions to sell their receivables under this program. At June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the total amounts outstanding under these programs were $113 million and $106 million, respectively. Pursuant to their agreement with one of the financial institutions, certain suppliers may elect to be paid early at their discretion. The available capacity under these programs can vary based on the number of investors and/or financial institutions participating in these programs at any point in time.

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The Chemours Company

 

Contractual Obligations

 

On April 8, 2020, as a precautionary measure in light of macroeconomic uncertainties driven by COVID-19, we drew $300 million from our revolving credit facility. The effective interest rate at the date of borrowing was 2.41%. The borrowings were made pursuant to the amended and restated credit agreement, dated as of April 3, 2018, and the revolving credit facility will mature on April 3, 2023.

 

Our contractual obligations at June 30, 2020 did not otherwise significantly change from the contractual obligations previously disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

In March 2020, through a wholly-owned special purpose entity, we entered into the Amended Purchase Agreement, which amends and restates, in its entirety, the Original Purchase Agreement under our Securitization Facility. See “Note 14 – Debt” to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements for further details regarding this off-balance sheet arrangement.

 

Historically, we have not made significant payments to satisfy guarantee obligations; however, we believe we have the financial resources to satisfy these guarantees in the event required.

 

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

Our significant accounting policies are described in our MD&A and “Note 3 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. There have been no material changes to these critical accounting policies and estimates previously disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, except as described in “Note 2 – Recent Accounting Pronouncements” to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

See “Note 2 – Recent Accounting Pronouncements” to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements for a discussion about recent accounting pronouncements.

 


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The Chemours Company

 

Environmental Matters

 

Consistent with our values and our Environment, Health, Safety, and Corporate Responsibility policy, we are committed to preventing releases to the environment at our manufacturing sites to keep our people and communities safe, and to be good stewards of the environment. We are also subject to environmental laws and regulations relating to the protection of the environment. We believe that, as a general matter, our policies, standards, and procedures are properly designed to prevent unreasonable risk of harm to people and the environment, and that our handling, manufacture, use, and disposal of hazardous substances are in accordance with applicable environmental laws and regulations.

 

Environmental Remediation

 

In large part, because of past operations, operations of predecessor companies, or past disposal practices, we, like many other similar companies, have clean-up responsibilities and associated remediation costs, and are subject to claims by other parties, including claims for matters that are liabilities of DuPont and its subsidiaries that we may be required to indemnify pursuant to the Separation-related agreements executed prior to our separation from DuPont on July 1, 2015 (the “Separation”).

 

Our environmental liabilities include estimated costs, including certain accruable costs associated with on-site capital projects, related to a number of sites for which it is probable that environmental remediation will be required, whether or not subject to enforcement activities, as well as those obligations that result from environmental laws such as the Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (“CERCLA”, often referred to as “Superfund”), the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (“RCRA”), and similar federal, state, local, and foreign laws. These laws require certain investigative, remediation, and restoration activities at sites where we conduct or once conducted operations or at sites where our generated waste was disposed. At June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, our consolidated balance sheets include environmental remediation liabilities of $405 million and $406 million, respectively, relating to these matters, which, as discussed in further detail below, include $201 million for our Fayetteville Works site in Fayetteville, North Carolina (“Fayetteville”).

 

As remediation efforts progress, sites move from the investigation phase (“Investigation”) to the active clean-up phase (“Active Remediation”), and as construction is completed at Active Remediation sites, those sites move to the operation, maintenance, and monitoring (“OM&M”), or closure phase. As final clean-up activities for some significant sites are completed over the next several years, we expect our annual expenses related to these active sites to decline over time. The time frame for a site to go through all phases of remediation (Investigation and Active Remediation) may take about 15 to 20 years, followed by several years of OM&M activities. Remediation activities, including OM&M activities, vary substantially in duration and cost from site to site. These activities, and their associated costs, depend on the mix of unique site characteristics, evolving remediation technologies, and diverse regulatory requirements, as well as the presence or absence of other Potentially Responsible Parties (“PRPs”). In addition, for claims that we may be required to indemnify DuPont pursuant to the Separation-related agreements, we and DuPont may have limited available information for certain sites or are in the early stages of discussions with regulators. For these sites, there may be considerable variability between the clean-up activities that are currently being undertaken or planned and the ultimate actions that could be required. Therefore, considerable uncertainty exists with respect to environmental remediation costs, and, under adverse changes in circumstances, although deemed remote, the potential liability may range up to approximately $540 million above the amount accrued at June 30, 2020. In general, uncertainty is greatest and the range of potential liability is widest in the Investigation phase, narrowing over time as regulatory agencies approve site remedial plans. As a result, uncertainty is reduced, and sites ultimately move into OM&M, as needed. As more sites advance from Investigation to Active Remediation to OM&M or closure, the upper end of the range of potential liability is expected to decrease over time.

 

Some remediation sites will achieve site closure and will require no further action to protect people and the environment and comply with laws and regulations. At certain sites, we expect that there will continue to be some level of remediation activity due to ongoing OM&M of remedial systems. In addition, portfolio changes, such as an acquisition or divestiture, or notification as a PRP for a multi-party Superfund site, could result in additional remediation activity and potentially additional accrual.

 

Management does not believe that any loss, in excess of amounts accrued, related to remediation activities at any individual site will have a material impact on our financial position or cash flows for any given year, as such obligation can be satisfied or settled over many years.

 


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The Chemours Company

 

Significant Environmental Remediation Sites

 

While there are many remediation sites that contribute to our total accrued environmental remediation liabilities at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the following table sets forth the sites that are the most significant.

 

(Dollars in millions)

 

June 30, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Chambers Works, Deepwater, New Jersey

 

$

19

 

 

$

20

 

East Chicago, Indiana

 

 

16

 

 

 

17

 

Fayetteville Works, Fayetteville, North Carolina

 

 

201

 

 

 

201

 

Pompton Lakes, New Jersey

 

 

42

 

 

 

43

 

USS Lead, East Chicago, Indiana

 

 

13

 

 

 

13

 

All other sites

 

 

114

 

 

 

112

 

Total environmental remediation

 

$

405

 

 

$

406

 

 

The five sites listed above represent 72% of our total accrued environmental remediation liabilities at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019. For these five sites, we expect to spend, in the aggregate, $127 million over the next three years. For all other sites, we expect to spend $74 million over the next three years.

 

Chambers Works, Deepwater, New Jersey

 

The Chambers Works complex is located on the eastern shore of the Delaware River in Deepwater, Salem County, New Jersey. The site comprises the former Carneys Point Works in the northern area and the Chambers Works manufacturing area in the southern area. Site operations began in 1892 when the former Carneys Point smokeless gunpowder plant was constructed at the northern end of Carneys Point. Site operations began in the manufacturing area around 1914 and included the manufacture of dyes, aromatics, elastomers, chlorofluorocarbons, and tetraethyl lead. We continue to manufacture a variety of fluorochemicals and finished products at Chambers Works. In addition, three tenants operate processes at Chambers Works including steam/electricity generation, industrial gas production, and the manufacture of intermediate chemicals. As a result of over 100 years of continuous industrial activity, site soils and groundwater have been impacted by chemical releases.

 

In response to identified groundwater contamination, a groundwater interceptor well system (“IWS”) was installed in 1970, which was designed to contain contaminated groundwater and restrict off-site migration. Additional remediation is being completed under a federal RCRA Corrective Action permit. The site has been studied extensively over the years, and more than 25 remedial actions have been completed to date and engineering and institutional controls put in place to ensure protection of people and the environment. In the fourth quarter of 2017, a site perimeter sheet pile barrier intended to more efficiently contain groundwater was completed.

 

Remaining work beyond continued operation of the IWS and groundwater monitoring includes completion of various targeted studies on site and in adjacent water bodies to close investigation data gaps, as well as selection and implementation of final remedies under RCRA Corrective Action for various solid waste management units and areas of concern not yet addressed through interim measures.

 

East Chicago, Indiana

 

East Chicago is a former manufacturing facility that we previously owned in East Chicago, Lake County, Indiana. The approximate 440-acre site is bounded to the south by the east branch of the Grand Calumet River, to the east and north by residential and commercial areas, and to the west by industrial areas, including a former lead processing facility. The inorganic chemicals unit on site produced various chloride, ammonia, and zinc products and inorganic agricultural chemicals beginning in 1892 until 1986. Organic chemical manufacturing began in 1944, consisting primarily of chlorofluorocarbons production. The remaining business was sold to W.R. Grace Company (“Grace”) in early 2000. Approximately 172 acres of the site were never developed and are managed by The Nature Conservancy for habitat preservation.

 

A comprehensive evaluation of soil and groundwater conditions at the site was performed as part of the RCRA Corrective Action process. Studies of historical site impacts began in 1983 in response to preliminary CERCLA actions undertaken by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”). The EPA eventually issued an Administrative Order on Consent for the site in 1997. The order specified that remediation work be performed under RCRA Corrective Action authority. Work has proceeded under the RCRA Corrective Action process since that time.

 

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The Chemours Company

 

Subsequent investigations included the preparation of initial environmental site assessments and multiple phases of investigation. In 2002, as an interim remedial measure, two 2,000-foot long permeable reactive barrier treatment walls were installed along the northern property boundary to address migration of chemicals in groundwater. Since that time, the investigation process has been completed and approved by the EPA, and the final remedy for the site was issued by the EPA in July 2018.

 

On June 29, 2018, we sold the East Chicago, Indiana site to a third party for $1 million. In connection with the sale, the buyer agreed to assume all costs associated with environmental remediation activities at the site in excess of $21 million, which will remain our responsibility. At the time of the sale, we had accrued the full $21 million, of which $16 million remained as of June 30, 2020. We will reimburse the buyer through a series of progress payments to be made at defined intervals as certain tasks are completed.

 

Fayetteville Works, Fayetteville, North Carolina

 

Fayetteville is located southeast of the City of Fayetteville in Cumberland and Bladen counties, North Carolina. The facility encompasses approximately 2,200 acres, which were purchased by DuPont in 1970, and are bounded to the east by the Cape Fear River and to the west by North Carolina Highway 87. Currently, the site manufactures plastic sheeting, fluorochemicals, and intermediates for plastics manufacturing. A former manufacturing area, which was sold in 1992, produced nylon strapping and elastomeric tape. DuPont sold its Butacite® and SentryGlas® manufacturing units to Kuraray America, Inc. in September 2014. In July 2015, upon our Separation from DuPont, we became the owner of the Fayetteville land assets along with fluoromonomers, Nafion® membranes, and the related polymer processing aid manufacturing units. A polyvinyl fluoride resin manufacturing unit remained with DuPont.

 

Beginning in 1996, several stages of site investigation were conducted under oversight by the North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality (“NC DEQ”), as required by the facility's hazardous waste permit. In addition, the site has voluntarily agreed to agency requests for additional investigations of the potential release of “PFAS” (perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances) beginning with “PFOA” (collectively, perfluorooctanoic acids and its salts, including the ammonium salt) in 2006. As a result of detection of the polymerization processing aid hexafluoropropylene oxide dimer acid (“HFPO Dimer Acid”, sometimes referred to as “GenX” or “C3 Dimer Acid”) in on-site groundwater wells during our investigations in 2017, the NC DEQ issued a Notice of Violation (“NOV”) on September 6, 2017 alleging violations of North Carolina water quality statutes and requiring further response. Since that time, and in response to three additional NOVs issued by NC DEQ and pursuant to the Consent Order (as discussed below), we have worked cooperatively with the agency to investigate and address releases of PFAS to on-site and off-site groundwater and surface water.

 

As discussed in “Note 16 – Commitments and Contingent Liabilities” to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements, we and the NC DEQ have filed a final Consent Order that comprehensively addressed various issues, NOVs, and court filings made by the NC DEQ regarding Fayetteville and resolved litigations filed by the NC DEQ and Cape Fear River Watch, a non-profit organization. In connection with the Consent Order, a thermal oxidizer became fully operational at the site in December 2019 to reduce aerial PFAS emissions from Fayetteville.

 

In the fourth quarter of 2019, we completed and submitted our Cape Fear River PFAS Loading Reduction Plan - Supplemental Information Report and Corrective Action Plan (“CAP”) to NC DEQ. The Supplemental Information Report provides information to support the evaluation of potential remedial options to reduce PFAS loadings to surface waters, including interim alternatives. The CAP describes potential remediation activities to address PFAS in on-site groundwater and surface waters at the site, in accordance with the requirements of the Consent Order and the North Carolina groundwater standards, and builds on the previous submissions to NC DEQ. The NC DEQ made the CAP available for public review and comment until April 6, 2020. We are currently awaiting formal response to the CAP from NC DEQ following the conclusion of the public comment period.

 

In the fourth quarter of 2019, based on the Consent Order, CAP, and our plans, we accrued $132 million related to the estimated cost of on-site remediation. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, we accrued an additional $13 million and $21 million, respectively, which was largely attributable to off-site groundwater testing and water treatment system installations at qualifying properties in the vicinity surrounding Fayetteville. The amounts accrued during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 are net of $5 million of lower expected third-party costs for the monitoring and maintenance of certain water treatment systems. During most of the second quarter of 2020, testing of drinking water wells and water treatment system installations were temporarily suspended in connection with health and safety precautions taken during the COVID-19 pandemic. Off-site installation, monitoring, and maintenance may be impacted by additional changes in estimates as actual experience may differ from management’s estimates.


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The Chemours Company

 

Pompton Lakes, New Jersey

 

During the 20th century, blasting caps, fuses, and related materials were manufactured at Pompton Lakes, Passaic County, New Jersey. Operating activities at the site were ceased in the mid-1990s. The primary contaminants in the soil and sediments are lead and mercury. Groundwater contaminants include volatile organic compounds. Under the authority of the EPA and the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (“NJ DEP”), remedial actions at the site are focused on investigating and cleaning-up the area. Groundwater monitoring at the site is ongoing, and we have installed and continue to install vapor mitigation systems at residences within the groundwater plume. In addition, we are further assessing groundwater conditions. In September 2015, the EPA issued a modification to the site’s RCRA permit that requires us to dredge mercury contamination from a 36-acre area of the lake and remove sediment from two other areas of the lake near the shoreline. The remediation activities commenced when permits and implementation plans were approved in May 2016, and work on the lake dredging project is now complete. In April 2019, we submitted a revised Corrective Measures Study (“CMS”) proposing actions to address on-site soils impacted from past operations that exceed applicable clean-up criteria. We received comments on the CMS from the EPA and NJ DEP in March 2020, and we responded to their comments in June 2020.

 

U.S. Smelter and Lead Refinery, Inc., East Chicago, Indiana

 

The U.S. Smelter and Lead Refinery, Inc. (“USS Lead”) Superfund site is located in the Calumet neighborhood of East Chicago, Lake County, Indiana. The site includes the former USS Lead facility along with nearby commercial, municipal, and residential areas. The primary compounds of interest are lead and arsenic which may be found in soils within the impacted area. The EPA is directing and organizing remediation on this site, and we are one of a number of parties working cooperatively with the EPA on the safe and timely completion of this work. DuPont’s former East Chicago manufacturing facility was located adjacent to the site, and DuPont assigned responsibility for the site to us in the Separation agreement.

 

The USS Lead Superfund site was listed on the National Priorities List in 2009. To facilitate negotiations with PRPs, the EPA divided the residential part of the USS Lead Superfund site into three zones, referred to as Zone 1, Zone 2, and Zone 3. The division into three zones resulted in Atlantic Richfield Co. (“Atlantic Richfield”) and DuPont entering into an agreement in 2014 with the EPA and the State of Indiana to reimburse the EPA’s costs to implement clean-up in Zone 1 and Zone 3. More recently, in March 2017, we and three other parties – Atlantic Richfield, DuPont, and the U.S. Metals Refining Co. (“U.S. Metals”) – entered into an administrative order on consent to reimburse the EPA’s costs to clean-up a portion of Zone 2. In March 2018, the EPA issued a Unilateral Administrative Order for the remainder of the Zone 2 work to five parties, including us, Atlantic Richfield, DuPont, U.S. Metals, and USS Lead Muller Group, and these parties entered into an interim allocation agreement to perform that work. As of the end of 2019, the required work in Zone 3 has been completed, and Zone 2 is nearly complete. There is uncertainty as to whether these parties will be able to agree on a final allocation for Zone 2 and/or the other Zones, and whether any additional PRPs may be identified.

 

The environmental accrual for USS Lead continues to include completion of the remaining obligations under the 2012 Record of Decision (“ROD”) and Statement of Work, which principally encompasses completion of Zone 1. The EPA released a proposed amendment to the 2012 ROD (the “ROD Amendment”) for a portion of Zone 1 in December 2018 (following its August 2018 Feasibility Study Addendum), with its recommended option based on future residential use. The EPA’s ROD Amendment for modified Zone 1 was released in March 2020, and selects as the preferred remedy one which requires a clean-up to residential standards based on the current applicable residential zoning. The ROD Amendment for modified Zone 1 also sets forth a selected contingent remedy which requires clean-up to commercial/industrial standards if the future land use becomes commercial/industrial. In November 2019, a Letter of Intent was executed by the City of East Chicago, Indiana and Industrial Development Advantage, LLC, relating to modified Zone 1 development, and the EPA has indicated that it is “more likely” that future land use in this area will be commercial/industrial and not residential. We expect that our future costs for modified Zone 1 will be contingent on the development of this area and implementation under the ROD Amendment, as well as any final allocation between PRPs.

 

New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Directives and Litigation

 

In March 2019, the NJ DEP issued two Directives and filed four lawsuits against Chemours and other defendants. Further discussion related to these matters is included in “Note 16 – Commitments and Contingent Liabilities” to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

 


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The Chemours Company

 

Climate Change

 

In 2018, we issued our inaugural Corporate Responsibility Commitment Report, which expresses our Corporate Responsibility Commitment – an extension of our growth strategy – as 10 ambitious goals targeted for completion by 2030. Built on the principles of inspired people, shared planet, and an evolved portfolio, our shared planet principle underlines our commitment to deliver essential solutions responsibly, without causing harm to the Earth. With a focus on the responsible treatment of climate, water, and waste, our shared planet goals are comprised of the following:

 

Reduce greenhouse gas (“GHG”) emissions intensity by 60%;

 

Advance our plan to become carbon positive by 2050;

 

Reduce air and water process emissions of fluorinated organic chemicals by 99% or more; and,

 

Reduce our landfill volume intensity by 70%.

 

We are committed to improving our resource efficiency, acting on opportunities to reduce our GHG emissions, enhancing the eco-efficiency of our supply chain, and encouraging our employees to reduce their own environmental footprints. We understand that maintaining safe, sustainable operations has an impact on us, our communities, the environment, and our collective future. We continue to invest in research and development in order to develop safer, cleaner, and more efficient products and processes that help our customers and consumers reduce both their GHGs and their overall environmental footprint. We value collaboration to drive change and commit to working with policymakers, our value chain, and other organizations to encourage collective action for reducing GHGs.

 

 

PFOA

 

See our discussion under the heading “PFOA” in “Note 16 – Commitments and Contingent Liabilities” to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

GenX

 

On June 26, 2019, the Member States Committee of the European Chemicals Agency (“ECHA”) voted to list HFPO Dimer Acid as a Substance of Very High Concern. The vote was based on Article 57(f) – equivalent level of concern having probable serious effects to the environment. This identification does not impose immediate regulatory restriction or obligations, but may lead to a future authorization or restriction of the substance. On September 24, 2019, Chemours filed an application with the EU Court of Justice for the annulment of the decision of ECHA to list HFPO Dimer Acid as a Substance of Very High Concern.

 

 

PFAS

 

On May 11, 2020, ECHA announced that five Member States (Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, and Denmark) launched a call for evidence to inform a PFAS restriction proposal. This call for evidence is open until July 30, 2020, and companies producing or using PFAS, as well as selling mixture or products containing PFAS, are invited to provide input. Thousands of substances meet the definition of PFAS as outlined in the call for evidence. This very broad definition covers substances with a variety of physical and chemical properties, health and environmental profiles, uses, and benefits. We will submit information on the substances covered by the call for evidence to the Member State competent authority for Germany, which is the Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (“BAuA”).

 

 

Delaware Chancery Court Lawsuit

 

In May 2019, we filed a lawsuit in Delaware Chancery Court (“Chancery Court”) against DowDuPont, Inc., Corteva, Inc., and DuPont concerning DuPont’s contention that it is entitled to unlimited indemnity from us for specified liabilities that DuPont assigned to us in the spin-off. The lawsuit requests that the Chancery Court enter a declaratory judgment limiting DuPont’s indemnification rights against us and the transfer of liabilities to us to the actual “high-end (maximum) realistic exposures” it stated in connection with the spin-off, or, in the alternative, requiring the return of the approximate $4 billion dividend DuPont extracted from us in connection with the spin-off. In March 2020, the Chancery Court granted DuPont’s Motion to Dismiss, placing the matter in non-public binding arbitration. We have appealed the ruling to the Delaware Supreme Court, and the matter is proceeding concurrently in arbitration. DuPont has asserted a counterclaim for breach of the Master Separation Agreement. Management believes that the probability of loss as to the counterclaim is remote. Many of the potential litigation liabilities discussed in “Note 16 – Commitments and Contingent Liabilities” to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements are at issue in the matter.

 


58


The Chemours Company

 

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

 

We prepare our interim consolidated financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S. (“GAAP”). To supplement our financial information presented in accordance with GAAP, we provide the following non-GAAP financial measures – Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Net Income, Adjusted Earnings per Share (“EPS”), Free Cash Flows (“FCF”), and Return on Invested Capital (“ROIC”) – in order to clarify and provide investors with a better understanding of our performance when analyzing changes in our underlying business between reporting periods and provide for greater transparency with respect to supplemental information used by management in its financial and operational decision-making. We utilize Adjusted EBITDA as the primary measure of segment profitability used by our CODM.

 

Adjusted EBITDA is defined as income (loss) before income taxes, excluding the following:

 

interest expense, depreciation, and amortization;

 

non-operating pension and other post-retirement employee benefit costs, which represents the components of net periodic pension (income) costs excluding the service cost component;

 

exchange (gains) losses included in other income (expense), net;

 

restructuring, asset-related, and other charges;

 

(gains) losses on sales of assets and businesses; and,

 

other items not considered indicative of our ongoing operational performance and expected to occur infrequently.

 

Adjusted Net Income is defined as our net income (loss), adjusted for items excluded from Adjusted EBITDA, except interest expense, depreciation, amortization, and certain provision for (benefit from) income tax amounts. Adjusted EPS is calculated by dividing Adjusted Net Income by the weighted-average number of our common shares outstanding. Diluted Adjusted EPS accounts for the dilutive impact of our stock-based compensation awards, which includes unvested restricted shares. FCF is defined as our cash flows provided by (used for) operating activities, less purchases of property, plant, and equipment as shown in our consolidated statements of cash flows. ROIC is defined as Adjusted Earnings before Interest and Taxes (“EBIT”), divided by the average of our invested capital, which amounts to our net debt, or debt less cash and cash equivalents, plus equity.

 

We believe the presentation of these non-GAAP financial measures, when used in conjunction with GAAP financial measures, is a useful financial analysis tool that can assist investors in assessing our operating performance and underlying prospects. This analysis should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. In the future, we may incur expenses similar to those eliminated in this presentation. Our presentation of Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Net Income, Adjusted EPS, FCF, and ROIC should not be construed as an inference that our future results will be unaffected by unusual or infrequently occurring items. The non-GAAP financial measures we use may be defined differently from measures with the same or similar names used by other companies. This analysis, as well as the other information provided in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, should be read in conjunction with the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto included in this report, as well as the Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

 


59


The Chemours Company

 

The following table sets forth a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Net Income, and Adjusted EPS to our net income attributable to Chemours for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Net income attributable to Chemours

 

$

24

 

 

$

96

 

 

$

124

 

 

$

189

 

Non-operating pension and other post-retirement employee benefit income

 

 

(1

)

 

 

(3

)

 

 

(1

)

 

 

(6

)

Exchange (gains) losses, net

 

 

(6

)

 

 

9

 

 

 

19

 

 

 

3

 

Restructuring, asset-related, and other charges (1)

 

 

17

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

28

 

 

 

15

 

Gain on sales of assets and businesses

 

 

 

 

 

(2

)

 

 

 

 

 

(2

)

Transaction costs

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

1

 

Legal and environmental charges (2)

 

 

1

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

12

 

 

 

38

 

Adjustments made to income taxes (3)

 

 

(2

)

 

 

7

 

 

 

(22

)

 

 

1

 

Benefit from income taxes relating to reconciling items (4)

 

 

(3

)

 

 

(3

)

 

 

(13

)

 

 

(11

)

Adjusted Net Income

 

 

30

 

 

 

120

 

 

 

149

 

 

 

228

 

Interest expense, net

 

 

53

 

 

 

52

 

 

 

107

 

 

 

103

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

82

 

 

 

78

 

 

 

160

 

 

 

154

 

All remaining provision for income taxes

 

 

1

 

 

 

33

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

60

 

Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

166

 

 

$

283

 

 

$

423

 

 

$

545

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding - basic

 

 

164,648,103

 

 

 

164,118,816

 

 

 

164,448,226

 

 

 

165,982,289

 

Dilutive effect of our employee compensation plans

 

 

765,838

 

 

 

2,822,810

 

 

 

888,190

 

 

 

3,508,621

 

Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding - diluted

 

 

165,413,941

 

 

 

166,941,626

 

 

 

165,336,416

 

 

 

169,490,910

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Per share data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share of common stock

 

$

0.15

 

 

$

0.58

 

 

$

0.75

 

 

$

1.14

 

Diluted earnings per share of common stock

 

 

0.15

 

 

 

0.57

 

 

 

0.75

 

 

 

1.12

 

Adjusted basic earnings per share of common stock

 

 

0.18

 

 

 

0.73

 

 

 

0.91

 

 

 

1.38

 

Adjusted diluted earnings per share of common stock

 

 

0.18

 

 

 

0.72

 

 

 

0.90

 

 

 

1.35

 

 

(1)

Includes restructuring, asset-related, and other charges, which are discussed in further detail in “Note 4 – Restructuring, Asset-related, and Other Charges” to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

(2)

Legal charges pertains to litigation settlements, PFOA drinking water treatment accruals, and other legal charges. Environmental charges pertains to management’s assessment of estimated liabilities associated with on-site remediation, off-site groundwater remediation, and toxicity studies related to Fayetteville. The six months ended June 30, 2020 includes $8 million based on the aforementioned assessment associated with certain estimated liabilities at Fayetteville. The three and six months ended June 30, 2019 includes $7 million and $34 million, respectively, for the approved final Consent Order associated with certain matters at Fayetteville. See “Note 16 – Commitments and Contingent Liabilities” to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements for further details.

 

 

(3)

Includes the removal of certain discrete income tax impacts within our provision for income taxes, such as shortfalls and windfalls on our share-based payments, historical valuation allowance adjustments, unrealized gains and losses on foreign exchange rate changes, and other discrete income tax items.

 

 

(4)

The income tax impacts included in this caption are determined using the applicable rates in the taxing jurisdictions in which income or expense occurred and represent both current and deferred income tax expense or benefit based on the nature of the non-GAAP financial measure.

 


60


The Chemours Company

 

The following table sets forth a reconciliation of FCF to our cash flows provided by (used for) operating activities for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

(Dollars in millions)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Cash provided by (used for) operating activities

 

$

155

 

 

$

(38

)

Less: Purchases of property, plant, and equipment

 

 

(167

)

 

 

(257

)

Free Cash Flows

 

$

(12

)

 

$

(295

)

 

The following table sets forth a reconciliation of ROIC to Adjusted EBIT and average invested capital, and their nearest respective GAAP measures, for the periods presented.

 

 

 

Twelve Months Ended June 30,

 

(Dollars in millions)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Adjusted EBITDA (1)

 

$

898

 

 

$

1,321

 

Less: Depreciation and amortization (1)

 

 

(315

)

 

 

(296

)

Adjusted EBIT

 

$

583

 

 

$

1,025

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As of June 30,

 

(Dollars in millions)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Total debt

 

$

4,346

 

 

$

4,208

 

Total equity

 

 

659

 

 

 

829

 

Less: Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(1,031

)

 

 

(630

)

Invested capital, net

 

$

3,974

 

 

$

4,407

 

Average invested capital (2)

 

$

4,116

 

 

$

3,989

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Return on Invested Capital

 

 

14

%

 

 

26

%

 

(1)

Reconciliations of Adjusted EBITDA to net income (loss) attributable to Chemours are provided on a quarterly basis. See the preceding table for the reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income attributable to Chemours for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

(2)

Average invested capital is based on a five-quarter trailing average of invested capital, net.

61


The Chemours Company

 

Item 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

We are exposed to changes in foreign currency exchange rates because of our global operations. As a result, we have assets, liabilities, and cash flows denominated in a variety of foreign currencies. We are also exposed to changes in the prices of certain commodities that we use in production. Changes in these rates and commodity prices, which may be further exacerbated by the impacts of COVID-19 and the associated volatility in the broader financial markets, may have an impact on our future cash flows and earnings. We manage these risks through our normal operating and financing activities and, when deemed appropriate, through the use of derivative financial instruments. We do not enter into derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

 

By using derivative financial instruments, we are subject to credit and market risk. The fair values of the derivative financial instruments are determined by using valuation models whose inputs are derived using market observable inputs, and reflect the asset or liability position as of the end of each reporting period. When the fair value of a derivative contract is positive, the counterparty owes us, thus creating a receivable risk for us. We are exposed to counterparty credit risk in the event of non-performance by counterparties to our derivative agreements. We minimize counterparty credit (or repayment) risk by entering into transactions with major financial institutions of investment grade credit ratings.

 

 

Foreign Currency Risks

 

We enter into foreign currency forward contracts to minimize the volatility in our earnings related to foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from remeasuring our monetary assets and liabilities that are denominated in non-functional currencies, and any gains and losses from the foreign currency forward contracts are intended to be offset by any gains or losses from the remeasurement of the underlying monetary assets and liabilities. These derivatives are stand-alone and, except as described below, have not been designated as a hedge. At June 30, 2020, we had 21 foreign currency forward contracts outstanding with an aggregate gross notional U.S. dollar equivalent of $665 million, the fair value of which amounted to $1 million. At December 31, 2019, we had 16 foreign currency forward contracts outstanding with an aggregate gross notional U.S. dollar equivalent of $530 million, the fair value of which amounted to less than $1 million. We recognized net gains of $10 million and $4 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, and a net gain of $1 million and a net loss of $1 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively, within other income (expense), net related to our non-designated foreign currency forward contracts.

 

We enter into certain qualifying foreign currency forward contracts under a cash flow hedge program to mitigate the risks associated with fluctuations in the euro against the U.S. dollar for forecasted U.S. dollar-denominated inventory purchases in certain of our international subsidiaries that use the euro as their functional currency. At June 30, 2020, we had 105 foreign currency forward contracts outstanding under our cash flow hedge program with an aggregate notional U.S. dollar equivalent of $81 million, the fair value of which amounted to negative $1 million. At December 31, 2019, we had 150 foreign currency forward contracts outstanding under our cash flow hedge program with an aggregate notional U.S. dollar equivalent of $124 million, the fair value of which amounted to $1 million. We recognized a pre-tax loss of $1 million and a pre-tax gain of $1 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, and a pre-tax gain of $2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019 within accumulated other comprehensive loss. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, $2 million and $3 million of gain was reclassified to the cost of goods sold from accumulated other comprehensive loss, respectively. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, $3 million and $6 million of gain was reclassified to the cost of goods sold from accumulated other comprehensive loss, respectively.

 

Beginning in the second quarter of 2020, we elected to expand our cash flow hedge program and enter into interest rate swaps, which are used to mitigate the volatility in our cash payments for interest due to fluctuations in the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”), as is applicable to the portion of our senior secured term loan facility denominated in U.S. dollars. At June 30, 2020, we had three interest rate swaps outstanding under our cash flow hedge program with an aggregate notional U.S. dollar equivalent of $400 million, the fair value of which amounted to negative $3 million. We recognized a pre-tax loss of $3 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 within accumulated other comprehensive loss.

 

We designated our euro-denominated debt as a hedge of our net investment in certain of our international subsidiaries that use the euro as their functional currency in order to reduce the volatility in stockholders’ equity caused by changes in foreign currency exchange rates of the euro with respect to the U.S. dollar. We recognized pre-tax losses of $18 million and $8 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, and a pre-tax loss of $7 million and a pre-tax gain of $3 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively, on our net investment hedge within accumulated other comprehensive loss.

 

Our risk management programs and the underlying exposures are closely correlated, such that the potential loss in value for the risk management portfolio described above would be largely offset by the changes in the value of the underlying exposures. See “Note 18 – Financial Instruments” to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements for further information.

 


62


The Chemours Company

 

Item 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures designed to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”) is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). These controls and procedures also provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed in such reports is accumulated and communicated to management, including our Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”), to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures.

 

As of June 30, 2020, our CEO and CFO, together with management, conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Exchange Act. Based on that evaluation, the CEO and CFO have concluded that these disclosure controls and procedures are effective at the reasonable assurance level.

 

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ended June 30, 2020 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 


63


The Chemours Company

 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

Legal Proceedings

 

We are subject to various legal proceedings, including, but not limited to, product liability, intellectual property, personal injury, commercial, contractual, employment, governmental, environmental, anti-trust, and other such matters that arise in the ordinary course of business. Information regarding certain of these matters is set forth below and in “Note 16 – Commitments and Contingent Liabilities” to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

Litigation

 

PFOA: Environmental and Litigation Proceedings

 

For purposes of this report, the term “PFOA” means, collectively, perfluorooctanoic acid and its salts, including the ammonium salt, and does not distinguish between the two forms. Information related to this and other litigation matters is included in “Note 16 – Commitments and Contingent Liabilities” to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Fayetteville, North Carolina

 

The following actions related to our Fayetteville Works site in Fayetteville, North Carolina (“Fayetteville”), as discussed in “Note 16 – Commitments and Contingent Liabilities” to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements, are filed in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina:

 

Carey et al. vs. E. I. DuPont de Nemours and Company (7:17-cv-00189-D; 7:17-cv-00197-D; and, 7:17-cv-00201-D);

 

Cape Fear Public Utility Authority vs. The Chemours Company FC, LLC et al. and Brunswick County v. DowDuPont et al. (7:17-cv-00195-D and 7:17-cv-00209-D);

 

Dew et al. vs. E. I. DuPont de Nemours and Company et al. (17:18-cv-00030-D); and,

 

O’Brien et al. vs. E. I. DuPont de Nemours and Company et al. (5:20-cv-00208-D).

 

 

Environmental Proceedings

 

LaPorte, Texas

 

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) conducted a multimedia inspection at the DuPont LaPorte, Texas facility in January 2008. DuPont, the EPA, and the U.S. Department of Justice began discussions in the fall of 2011 relating to the management of certain materials in the facility’s waste water treatment system, hazardous waste management, flare, and air emissions. These negotiations continue. We operate a fluoroproducts production facility at this site.

 

A Proposed Consent Agreement and Final Order (“CAFO”) was received from the EPA in January 2020, alleging Clean Air Act (“CAA”) Section 112(r) violations at the LaPorte, Texas site.The alleged violations are under the CAA’s chemical accident prevention provisions (40 CFR Part 68), and the EPA states that it is seeking a civil penalty of $0.6 million for negotiation purposes.We are reviewing the draft CAFO and the alleged violations, and will respond to the EPA. At this time, we believe a loss is probable and is currently estimated at $0.1 million.

 


64


The Chemours Company

 

Dordrecht, Netherlands

 

We have complied with requests from the local environmental agency (“DCMR”, formerly under the jurisdiction of “OZHZ”), the Labor Inspectorate (“iSZW”), the Inspectorate for Environment and Transportation (“ILT”), and the Water Authority (“RWS”) in the Netherlands for information and documents regarding the Dordrecht site’s operations. We have complied with the requests, and the agencies have published several reports between 2016 and 2019, all of them publicly available. The National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (“RIVM”) has also published several reports with respect to PFOA and the polymerization processing aid hexafluoropropylene oxide dimer acid (“HFPO Dimer Acid”, sometimes referred to as “GenX” or “C3 Dimer Acid”). In December 2018, DCMR imposed a €1 million fine after undertaking waste water tests, which detected low levels of PFOA. DCMR continued taking samples and has imposed three additional fines between January and May 2019, each of which was €0.25 million. We have appealed all the fines, and we believe that we have valid defenses to prevail. We continue to cooperate with all authorities in responding to information requests.

 

In May 2020, we were notified of an alleged criminal offense related to the Netherlands’ Environmental Management Act and the Working Conditions Decree, regarding the use of PFOA during the pre-spin time period of June 1, 2008 to December 31, 2012. The investigation was initiated in the first quarter of 2016 by a public prosecutor. We believe that the Company has complied with all relevant laws, and we are in contact with the prosecutor.

 

Louisville, Kentucky

 

In October 2019, we received a $0.15 million fine from the Federal Rail Administration (“FRA”) based on the results of an investigation of our Antimony Pentachloride railcar shipments, fleet, commodity code accuracy, and condition of valves. We are continuing to investigate this matter and have submitted a response to the FRA in December 2019.

 

Fayetteville, North Carolina

 

In February 2019, we received a Notice of Violation (“NOV”) from the EPA, alleging certain Toxic Substances Control Act (“TSCA”) violations at Fayetteville. Matters raised in the NOV could have the potential to affect operations at Fayetteville. For this NOV, we responded to the EPA in March 2019, asserting that we have not violated environmental laws. Further discussion related to this matter is included in “Note 16 – Commitments and Contingent Liabilities” to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements. We also received an NOV in April 2020 from the North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality (“NC DEQ”), alleging an air permit violation under the North Carolina Administrative Code. At this time, management does not believe that a loss is probable related to the matters in these NOVs.

 


65


The Chemours Company

 

Item 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

Except for the risk factor set forth below, there have been no material changes to the risk factors disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

A pandemic, epidemic, or other outbreak of infectious disease may have a material adverse effect on our business operations, results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows.

 

Our operational and financial condition may be negatively impacted by the widespread outbreak of any illnesses or communicable diseases, as well as any associated public health crises that may ensue. In December 2019, a novel coronavirus disease (“COVID-19”) was identified in Wuhan, China. COVID-19 has continued to spread globally, including areas in which we operate and sell our products. In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a global pandemic, and the President of the United States declared the COVID-19 outbreak a national emergency. Since the initial stages of the pandemic, certain economies in regions throughout the world have started to reopen; however, the U.S. has started to see a sizeable resurgence in the number of positively identified infections. While the U.S. epicenter of the COVID-19 pandemic was originally presumed to be in the northeast region of the country, infections have continued to spread throughout the south and mid-west regions of the U.S., leading to health-related concerns in states where we have several key manufacturing facilities. In an attempt to minimize the transmission of COVID-19, significant social and economic restrictions have been imposed throughout the U.S. and abroad. These restrictions, while necessary and important for public health, have negative business-related implications for the Company and the U.S. and global economies.

 

Throughout the first half of 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic has negatively impacted the global economy, disrupting global supply chains and creating significant uncertainty and volatility in financial markets. As of the filing of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, we continue to experience minimal disruption in our operations and business-related processes. However, due to reduced consumer demand for certain of our customers’ end-products, we have experienced the negative impact of COVID-19 in our results of operations, and we anticipate that this weakened consumer demand will continue to have a negative impact on our financial results. See Item 2 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for further information. We are closely monitoring the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on all aspects of our business, including its adverse impacts on our employees, customers, suppliers, vendors, business partners, and supply and distribution channels, as well as our ability to execute our business strategies and objectives. As a multi-national corporation, we are also closely monitoring the operational and financial impacts of recently introduced restrictive local and national laws and regulations, as well as recommendations set forth by public health organizations and governmental organizations to impede the spread of COVID-19.

 

66


The Chemours Company

 

The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic will continue to adversely impact our Company depends on currently evolving factors, as well as future developments that we are not able to predict with certainty. Such factors and potential developments may include but are not limited to:

 

the duration, intensity, and spread of the virus, including how quickly and to what extent normal economic and operating conditions can resume;

 

the health of our employees, and our ability to meet staffing needs at our manufacturing sites and in other critical functions;

 

the health of the workforce of certain third-party service providers or contractors, and their ability to provide contracted services at our manufacturing sites or in other critical functions;

 

federal, state, local, and foreign governmental and/or self-imposed actions that promote general safety and well-being, such as restrictions on travel and transport, regional quarantines, temporary site or office closures, and other social distancing measures;

 

volatility in the broader financial markets, which may negatively impact our credit rating and our ability to obtain additional financial liquidity through either capital or debt offerings at acceptable terms, if at all;

 

our ability to pay dividends or repurchase common stock in the future;

 

consumer and business confidence and the resulting decreases in our customers’ demand and spending patterns, as well as their respective abilities to fulfill any existing purchasing obligations;

 

generation of sufficient cash flows to fulfill our indebtedness and general business obligations;

 

increased operating costs to deal with the impacts of COVID-19;

 

supply chain inefficiencies or ineffectiveness driven by the impacts of COVID-19 on our suppliers, as well as any increases in freight expense or other costs of transport;

 

modifications to our operating footprint driven by potential future developments, such as decreases in consumer demand, geographical spread of the virus, and additional restrictive federal, state, local, and foreign government actions;

 

impairments to our fixed and/or intangible assets, including goodwill, that may be recorded as a result of weaker prolonged economic conditions;

 

interruptions in any services provided by our business partners; and,

 

the potential negative impacts on our internal controls over financial reporting, including potential future significant deficiencies or material weaknesses, as a result of changes in working environments.

 

The widespread outbreak of any illness or communicable disease could result in, and in the instance of the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in, a significant health crisis that adversely affects local and global economies and financial markets, including the companies that operate within these conditions. Each of the above considerations related to the COVID-19 pandemic remain highly uncertain and subject to change, continue to evolve, and have the potential to have a material adverse impact on our business operations, results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows. However, we cannot predict with certainty the magnitude of such impacts at this time. The impact of COVID-19 may also exacerbate our other risks, as described in Item 1A – Risk Factors included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, any of which could have a material effect on us. The situation continues to evolve at a rapid pace, and additional impacts of which we are not currently aware may also arise.

 


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The Chemours Company

 

Item 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

 

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

2018 Share Repurchase Program

 

On August 1, 2018, our board of directors approved a share repurchase program authorizing the purchase of shares of our issued and outstanding common stock in an aggregate amount not to exceed $750 million, plus any associated fees or costs in connection with our share repurchase activity (“2018 Share Repurchase Program”). On February 13, 2019, our board of directors increased the authorization amount of the 2018 Share Repurchase Program from $750 million to $1.0 billion. Under the 2018 Share Repurchase Program, shares of our common stock can be purchased on the open market from time to time, subject to management’s discretion, as well as general business and market conditions. Our 2018 Share Repurchase Program became effective on August 1, 2018, was announced to the public on August 2, 2018, and will continue through the earlier of its expiration on December 31, 2020, or the completion of repurchases up to the approved amount. The program may be suspended or discontinued at any time. All common shares purchased under the 2018 Share Repurchase Program are expected to be held as treasury stock and accounted for using the cost method.

 

As of June 30, 2020, under the 2018 Share Repurchase Program, we have purchased a cumulative 15,245,999 shares of our issued and outstanding common stock, which amounted to $572 million at an average share price of $37.52 per share. There were no share repurchases under the 2018 Share Repurchase Program for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The aggregate amount of our common stock that remained available for purchase under the 2018 Share Repurchase Program at June 30, 2020 was $428 million.

 

 

Item 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

 

None.

 

 

Item 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Information regarding mine safety and other regulatory actions at our surface mines in Starke, Florida and Folkston, Georgia and our mineral sands separation facility in Offerman, Georgia is included in Exhibit 95 to this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

 

Item 5. OTHER INFORMATION

 

None.


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The Chemours Company

 

Item 6. EXHIBITS

 

Exhibit

Number

 

Description

3.1

 

Company’s Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K, as filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on July 1, 2015).

 

 

 

3.2

 

Company’s Amended and Restated Bylaws (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K, as filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on July 1, 2015).

 

 

 

22

 

List of Guarantor Subsidiaries.

 

 

 

31.1

 

Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification of the Company’s Principal Executive Officer.

 

 

 

31.2

 

Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification of the Company’s Principal Financial Officer.

 

 

 

32.1

 

Section 1350 Certification of the Company’s Principal Executive Officer. The information contained in this Exhibit shall not be deemed filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission nor incorporated by reference in any registration statement filed by the registrant under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

 

32.2

 

Section 1350 Certification of the Company’s Principal Financial Officer. The information contained in this Exhibit shall not be deemed filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission nor incorporated by reference in any registration statement filed by the registrant under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

 

 

 

95

 

Mine Safety Disclosures.

 

 

 

101

 

The following financial statements from the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2020 have been formatted in Inline XBRL: (i) the Interim Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited); (ii) the Interim Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Unaudited); (iii) the Interim Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited); (iv) the Interim Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (Unaudited); (v) the Interim Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited); and, (vi) the Notes to the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited). These financial statements have been tagged as blocks of text and include detailed tags.

 

 

 

104

 

The cover page from the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2020, which has been formatted in Inline XBRL and included within Exhibit 101.

 

 

 

 

 

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The Chemours Company

 

SIGNATURE

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

THE CHEMOURS COMPANY

(Registrant)

 

 

Date:

July 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ Sameer Ralhan

 

 

 

Sameer Ralhan

 

Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

 

(As Duly Authorized Officer and Principal Financial Officer)

 

 

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