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SAIL SailPoint Technologies

Filed: 5 Nov 20, 4:31pm
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2020
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM                      TO                      
Commission File Number 001-38297
SailPoint Technologies Holdings, Inc.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its Charter)
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
11120 Four Points Drive, Suite 100,
Austin, TX
(Address of principal executive offices)
47-1628077
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
78726
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (512) 346-2000
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading
Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, par value $0.0001 per shareSAILNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  x   No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit such files). Yes  x   No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or emerging growth company. See the definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerxAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes     No  x
The registrant had 90,912,459 shares of common stock outstanding as of October 30, 2020.


SailPoint Technologies Holdings, Inc.
Table of Contents

1

PART I
ITEM 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)
SAILPOINT TECHNOLOGIES HOLDING, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
As of
September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
Assets
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$483,721 $443,795 
Restricted cash6,333 6,325 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance101,213 106,428 
Prepayments and other current assets36,308 27,870 
Income taxes receivable2,950 
Total current assets630,525 584,418 
Property and equipment, net19,464 21,300 
Right-of-use assets, net27,955 31,104 
Other non-current assets, net of allowance45,455 30,554 
Goodwill241,121 241,051 
Intangible assets, net72,067 81,651 
Total assets$1,036,587 $990,078 
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity
Current liabilities
Accounts payable$4,257 $3,224 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities50,199 40,214 
Income taxes payable1,994 
Convertible senior notes, net322,187 
Deferred revenue133,135 127,132 
Total current liabilities509,778 172,564 
Deferred tax liability - non-current8,787 8,900 
Convertible senior notes, net - non-current309,051 
Long-term operating lease liabilities34,227 38,035 
Other long-term liabilities1,000 2,500 
Deferred revenue - non-current25,955 24,901 
Total liabilities579,747 555,951 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 7)
Stockholders’ equity
Common stock, $0.0001 par value, authorized 300,000 shares, issued and outstanding 90,884 shares as of September 30, 2020 and 89,676 shares as of December 31, 2019
Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value, authorized 10,000 shares, 0 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019
Additional paid in capital471,530 442,407 
Accumulated deficit(14,699)(8,289)
Total stockholders' equity456,840 434,127 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$1,036,587 $990,078 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
2

SAILPOINT TECHNOLOGIES HOLDING, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
Revenue
Licenses$30,864 $26,825 $86,748 $64,827 
Subscription51,004 37,383 140,807 102,929 
Services and other12,145 11,671 34,358 31,760 
Total revenue94,013 75,879 261,913 199,516 
Cost of revenue
Licenses1,083 1,083 3,269 3,157 
Subscription9,794 6,862 26,927 18,990 
Services and other9,922 8,985 27,597 25,361 
Total cost of revenue20,799 16,930 57,793 47,508 
Gross profit73,214 58,949 204,120 152,008 
Operating expenses
Research and development19,314 14,148 52,775 40,318 
General and administrative8,846 10,192 27,731 27,819 
Sales and marketing44,092 33,274 119,886 99,298 
Total operating expenses72,252 57,614 200,392 167,435 
Income (loss) from operations962 1,335 3,728 (15,427)
Other expense, net:
Interest income349 418 1,790 843 
Interest expense(4,639)(408)(13,757)(561)
Other income (expense), net214 (295)(222)(1,018)
Total other expense, net(4,076)(285)(12,189)(736)
Income (loss) before income taxes(3,114)1,050 (8,461)(16,163)
Income tax benefit2,438 2,618 2,410 2,244 
Net income (loss)$(676)$3,668 $(6,051)$(13,919)
Net income (loss) per share
Basic$(0.01)$0.04 $(0.07)$(0.16)
Diluted$(0.01)$0.04 $(0.07)$(0.16)
Weighted average shares outstanding
Basic90,764 89,143 90,320 88,739 
Diluted90,764 90,808 90,320 88,739 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
3

SAILPOINT TECHNOLOGIES HOLDING, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2020
Common StockAdditional
paid in
capital
Accumulated
deficit
Stockholders'
equity
Number
of shares
Par
value
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Balance at June 30, 202090,607 461,785 (14,023)447,771 
Exercise of stock options225 — 2,102 — 2,102 
Restricted stock units vested, net of tax settlement52 — (195)— (195)
Stock-based compensation expense— — 7,838 — 7,838 
Net loss— — — (676)(676)
Balance at September 30, 202090,884 471,530 (14,699)456,840 

For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020
Common StockAdditional
paid in
capital
Accumulated
deficit
Stockholders'
equity
Number
of shares
Par
value
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Balance at December 31, 201989,676 $$442,407 $(8,289)$434,127 
Cumulative effect adjustment from the adoption of ASC 326, net of tax
— — — (359)(359)
Exercise of stock options648 — 4,909 — 4,909 
Restricted stock units vested, net of tax settlement384 — (431)— (431)
Stock-based compensation expense— — 21,179 — 21,179 
Common stock issued under employee stock plan176 — 3,466 — 3,466 
Net loss— — — (6,051)(6,051)
Balance at September 30, 202090,884 $$471,530 $(14,699)$456,840 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
4

SAILPOINT TECHNOLOGIES HOLDING, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2019
Common StockAdditional
paid in
capital
Accumulated
deficit
Stockholders'
equity
Number
of shares
Par
value
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Balance at June 30, 201989,050 $$391,841 $(17,376)$374,474 
Exercise of stock options130 — 764 — 764 
Restricted stock units vested, net of tax settlement16 — — — 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 4,489 — 4,489 
Equity component of convertible senior notes, net of issuance costs— — 86,764 — 86,764 
Purchase of capped calls— — (37,080)— (37,080)
Deferred tax liability related to issuance of convertible senior notes and capped calls— — (11,938)— (11,938)
Net income— — — 3,668 3,668 
Balance at September 30, 201989,196 $$434,840 $(13,708)$421,141 

For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019
Common StockAdditional
paid in
capital
Retained
earnings
(accumulated
deficit)
Stockholders'
equity
Number
of shares
Par
value
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Balance at December 31, 201887,512 $$377,473 $211 $377,693 
Exercise of stock options618 — 2,560 — 2,560 
Restricted stock units vested, net of tax settlement140 — — — 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 14,098 — 14,098 
Incentive units vested724 — 37 — 37 
Common stock issued under employee stock plan202 — 2,926 — 2,926 
Equity component of convertible senior notes, net of issuance costs— — 86,764 — 86,764 
Purchase of capped calls— — (37,080)— (37,080)
Deferred tax liability related to issuance of convertible senior notes and capped calls— — (11,938)— (11,938)
Net loss— — — (13,919)(13,919)
Balance at September 30, 201989,196 $$434,840 $(13,708)$421,141 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
5

SAILPOINT TECHNOLOGIES HOLDING, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Operating activities
Net loss$(6,051)$(13,919)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization expense13,758 10,562 
Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs13,260 376 
Amortization of contract acquisition costs10,127 7,346 
(Gain) loss on disposal of fixed assets(12)17 
Provision for credit losses435 183 
Stock-based compensation expense21,179 14,098 
Operating leases, net(297)301 
Deferred taxes(113)(7)
Net changes in operating assets and liabilities
Accounts receivable4,421 27,615 
Prepayments and other current assets(18,544)(11,430)
Other non-current assets(15,025)(2,279)
Accounts payable1,033 (2,004)
Accrued expenses and other liabilities8,122 3,866 
Income taxes(4,944)(4,608)
Deferred revenue7,057 9,537 
Net cash provided by operating activities34,406 39,654 
Investing activities
Purchase of property and equipment(2,434)(5,096)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment18 21 
Net cash used in investing activities(2,416)(5,075)
Financing activities
Payment of debt issuance costs(9,572)
Proceeds from issuance of convertible senior notes400,000 
Purchases of capped calls(37,080)
Taxes associated with net issuances of shares upon vesting of restricted stock units(431)
Proceeds from employee stock purchase plan contributions3,466 2,926 
Exercise of stock options4,909 2,560 
Net cash provided by financing activities7,944 358,834 
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash39,934 393,413 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period450,120 77,236 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period$490,054 $470,649 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
6

SAILPOINT TECHNOLOGIES HOLDING, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
1. Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
SailPoint Technologies Holdings, Inc. (“we,” “our,” “the Company” or “SailPoint”) was incorporated in the state of Delaware on August 8, 2014, in preparation for the purchase of SailPoint Technologies, Inc. The purchase occurred on September 8, 2014 and our certificate of incorporation was amended and restated as of such date. SailPoint Technologies, Inc. was formed July 14, 2004 as a Delaware corporation. The Company designs, develops and markets identity governance software that helps organizations govern user access to critical systems and data. The Company currently markets its products and services worldwide.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, which include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries, have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) as well as the instructions to Form 10-Q and the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), for interim reporting. Accordingly, the Company has condensed or omitted certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all normal recurring adjustments necessary to present fairly the balance sheets, statements of operations, statements of stockholders’ equity and the statements of cash flows for the interim periods but are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations to be anticipated for the full year ending December 31, 2020 or any future period.
These financial statements and accompanying notes should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, which was filed with the SEC on February 24, 2020 (the “Annual Report”).
Use of Estimates
The preparation of unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Management periodically evaluates such estimates and assumptions for continued reasonableness. In particular, we make estimates with respect to the fair value allocation of multiple performance obligation in revenue recognition, the valuation allowance based on expected credit losses and the collectability of accounts receivable, valuation and estimated useful lives of long-lived assets, fair value of the liability and equity components of the Notes (as defined below), stock-based compensation expense and income taxes. Appropriate adjustments, if any, to the estimates used are made prospectively based upon periodic evaluation. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Concentration of Credit Risk and Other Risks
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist of cash and cash equivalents and accounts receivable. The Company maintains its cash in bank deposit accounts that, at times, may exceed federally insured limits. As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, no single customer represented more than 10% of the balance in accounts receivable. Management considers concentration of credit risk to be minimal with respect to accounts receivable due to the positive historical collection experience of the Company. No single customer represented more than 10% of revenue for the three or nine months ended September 30, 2020 or 2019. The Company does not experience concentration of credit risk in foreign countries as no single foreign country represents more than 10% of the Company’s consolidated revenues or net assets.
7

Significant Accounting Policies
The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes in the Annual Report, most notably Note 2 “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies”. Except for the adoption of ASU 2016-13 described below, there have been no changes to our significant accounting policies described in our Annual Report that have had a material impact on our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In August 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standard Update (“ASU”) 2018-15, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other—Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That is a Service Contract (ASU 2018-15), which clarifies the accounting for implementation costs in cloud computing arrangements (“CCAs”). ASU 2018-15 is effective for public entities for annual periods, including interim periods within those annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019 and earlier adoption is permitted. We adopted the standard effective January 1, 2020, using the prospective approach. This adoption did not have a material impact on the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
The Company evaluates whether the CCA includes a license to internal-use software. If the CCA includes a software license, the Company accounts for the software license as an intangible asset. Acquired software licenses are recognized and measured at cost, which includes the present value of the license obligation if the license is to be paid for over time. If the CCA does not include a software license, the Company accounts for the arrangement as a service contract (or hosting arrangement) and hosting costs are generally expensed as incurred.
With the adoption of ASU 2018-15, the Company evaluates upfront costs including implementation, set-up or other costs (collectively, implementation costs) for hosting arrangements under the internal-use software framework. Costs related to preliminary project activities and post implementation activities are expensed as incurred, whereas costs incurred in the development stage are generally capitalized. Capitalized implementation costs are recorded in prepayments and other current assets or other non-current assets and amortized over the expected term of the arrangement, which includes consideration of the non-cancellable contractual term and reasonably certain renewal options. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company’s capitalized implementation costs related to hosting arrangements were not material.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Accounting Standards Codification or ASC 326). This standard requires the measurement and recognition of expected credit losses for financial assets held at amortized cost. The standard replaces the existing incurred loss impairment model with an expected loss methodology, which will result in more timely recognition of credit losses. The standard also expands the required quantitative and qualitative disclosures surrounding expected credit losses.
On January 1, 2020, we adopted ASC 326 using the modified retrospective transition method, which requires a cumulative adjustment, if applicable, to be recorded to accumulated deficit. In addition, it is important to note that under the modified retrospective transition method, our prior period results were not recast to reflect this standard. We implemented internal controls and key system functionality to enable the preparation of financial information upon adoption.
We recorded a cumulative adjustment in the amount of $0.4 million, net of tax impact, to accumulated deficit as of January 1, 2020. This adoption did not have a material impact on our unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations or statement of cash flows.
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes – Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes. The guidance removes exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740 for allocating tax expense between financial statement components, accounting basis differences stemming from an ownership change in foreign investments and interim period income tax accounting for year-to-date losses that exceed projected losses. The guidance becomes effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2020 and interim periods within those fiscal years with early adoption permitted in the first period of the year this guidance is adopted. We adopted the standard effective January 1, 2020, using the prospective approach except for hybrid tax regimes, which we adopted using the modified retrospective approach. This adoption did not have a material impact on the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
8


Recently Issued Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted
In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06, Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity, which simplifies the accounting for certain financial instruments with characteristics of liability and equity, including convertible instruments and contracts in an entity’s own equity. Among other changes, ASU 2020-06 removes from GAAP the liability and equity separation model for convertible instruments with a cash conversion feature, and as a result, after adoption, entities will no longer separately present in equity an embedded conversion feature for such debt. Similarly, the embedded conversion feature will no longer be amortized as interest expense over the life of the instrument. Instead, entities will account for a convertible debt instrument wholly as debt unless (1) a convertible instrument contains features that require bifurcation as a derivative under ASC Topic 815, Derivatives and Hedging, or (2) a convertible debt instrument was issued at a substantial premium. Among other potential impacts, this change is expected to reduce reported interest expense, increase reported net income, and result in a reclassification of certain conversion feature balance sheet amounts from stockholders’ equity to liabilities as it relates to the Company’s convertible senior notes. Additionally, ASU 2020-06 requires the application of the if-converted method to calculate the impact of convertible instruments on diluted earnings per share. ASU 2020-06 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, with early adoption permitted for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, and can be adopted on either the fully retrospective or modified retrospective basis. The Company is currently evaluating the timing, method of adoption and overall impact of this standard on its consolidated financial statements.
2. Revenue Recognition
Disaggregation of Revenue
The Company’s revenue by geographic region based on the customer’s location is presented in Note 13 “Segment and Geographic Information.”
The following table presents the Company’s revenue by timing of revenue recognition to understand the risks of timing of transfer of control and cash flows:
Three Months Ended September 30, 2020Three Months Ended September 30, 2019
LicensesSubscriptionServices and otherLicensesSubscriptionServices and other
(In thousands)
Timing of revenue recognition
Revenue recognized at a point in time$30,864 $— $— $26,825 $— $— 
Revenue recognized over time— 51,004 12,145 — 37,383 11,671 
Total revenue$30,864 $51,004 $12,145 $26,825 $37,383 $11,671 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019
LicensesSubscriptionServices and otherLicensesSubscriptionServices and other
(In thousands)
Timing of revenue recognition
Revenue recognized at a point in time$86,748 $— $— $64,827 $— $— 
Revenue recognized over time— 140,807 34,358 — 102,929 31,760 
Total revenue$86,748 $140,807 $34,358 $64,827 $102,929 $31,760 
9

Contract Balances
A summary of the activity impacting our contract balances during the reporting periods is presented below:
Contract Acquisition Costs
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
(In thousands)
Beginning Balance$35,152 $28,043 
Additional deferred contract acquisition costs20,117 9,700 
Amortization of deferred contract acquisition costs(10,127)(7,346)
Ending Balance$45,142 $30,397 
As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, $13.5 million and $10.9 million, respectively, of our deferred contract acquisition costs are included in prepayments and other current assets as they are expected to be amortized within the next 12 months. The remaining amount of our deferred contract acquisition costs are included in other non-current assets. There were 0 material impairments of deferred contract acquisition costs for the periods ended September 30, 2020 or 2019.
Deferred Revenue
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
(In thousands)
Beginning Balance$152,033 $114,301 
Increase, net7,057 9,537 
Ending Balance$159,090 $123,838 
Deferred revenue, which is a contract liability, consists primarily of amounts invoiced in advance of revenue recognition under the Company’s contracts with customers and is recognized as the revenue recognition criteria are met. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, revenue recognized that was previously deferred was $54.0 million and $122.3 million, respectively, compared to revenue recognized that was previously deferred of approximately $47.2 million and $94.4 million during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019. The difference between the opening and closing balances of the Company’s contract assets and deferred revenue primarily results from the timing difference between the Company’s performance and the customer billings.
Contract assets primarily relate to unbilled amounts, which are netted with deferred revenue at the contract level, and typically result from sales contracts where revenue recognized exceeds the amount billed to the customer, and the right to payment is subject to more than the passage of time. Contract assets are transferred to accounts receivable when the rights become unconditional and the customer is billed. Contract assets are included in prepayments and other current assets and other non-current assets in the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, amounts reclassified from contract assets to accounts receivable were $4.0 million and $2.5 million, respectively.
Remaining Performance Obligations
Our contracts with customers include amounts allocated to performance obligations that will be satisfied at a later date. These remaining performance obligations represent contract revenue that has not yet been recognized and is included in deferred revenue, the balance of which includes both invoices that have been issued to customers but have not been recognized as revenue and amounts that will be invoiced and recognized as revenue in future periods. As of September 30, 2020, amounts allocated to these additional performance obligations are $273.1 million, of which we expect to recognize $167.2 million as revenue over the next 12 months with the remaining balance recognized thereafter.
10

3. Allowance for Expected Credit Losses
The allowance for expected credit losses is a valuation account that is deducted from the financial asset’s amortized cost basis to present the net amount expected to be collected on contracts with customers. Accounts receivable and contract assets are written off when management believes non-collectability is confirmed. Recoveries of financial assets previously written off shall be recorded directly to earnings when received.
Management estimates the allowance balance using relevant available information, from internal and external sources, relating to past events, current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts over a financial asset’s contractual term. The Company’s historical credit loss experience provides the basis for the estimation of expected credit losses. Adjustments to historical loss information are made from qualitative and quantitative factors if economic conditions at the reporting date reflect stronger or weaker economic performance than the historical data implies based on management’s expectations of economic conditions on certain indicators of the Company, industry and economy. We review factors such as past collection experience, age of the accounts receivable balance, significant trends in current balances, internal operations and macroeconomic conditions. As of September 30, 2020, SailPoint evaluated these economic conditions and made adjustments to historical loss information for certain economic risk factors, such as COVID-19.
In development of the expected credit loss model, we evaluated our financial assets with similar risk characteristics on a collective (pool) basis for their respective estimated and expected credit loss allowance. A financial asset will be measured individually only if it does not share similar risk characteristics with other financial assets. We believe that historical credit loss patterns by aging bucket and invoice type for accounts receivable are the most significant risk characteristics. Additionally, we analyze renewals and new business separately due to varying historical loss patterns. The Company notes expected credit loss is developed for the contractual life of the financial asset, which accounts receivable and contract assets can be viewed as one financial asset. However, a low percentage of our contract assets do not convert to accounts receivable. Therefore, we consider all contract assets as a single pool.
The following table presents the changes in the allowance for expected credit losses for financial assets measured at amortized cost:
Accounts ReceivableContract Assets
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2020
(In thousands)
Beginning Balance$$
Adoption of ASC 326
407 65 
Provision for credit losses, net of recoveries472 32 
Write-offs(537)
Ending Balance$342 $97 

4. Fair Value Measurements
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
The following tables present the Company’s financial assets that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
As of September 30, 2020
Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
(In thousands)
Assets:
Cash equivalents:
Money market funds$2,691 — — $2,691 
Total cash equivalents$2,691 — — $2,691 

11

As of December 31, 2019
Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
(In thousands)
Assets:
Cash equivalents:
Money market funds$364,127 — — $364,127 
Total cash equivalents$364,127 — — $364,127 
The Company’s carrying amounts of financial instruments, including cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and accrued expenses are considered Level 1 and approximate their fair values due to their short maturities as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 and are excluded from the fair value tables above.
See Note 9 “Convertible Senior Notes and Capped Call Transactions” for the carrying amount and estimated fair value of our Notes as of September 30, 2020.
5. Business Combinations
2019 Acquisitions
Orkus
On October 15, 2019, the Company acquired 100% of the equity interest in Orkus, Inc. (“Orkus”), a Delaware corporation engaged in the development and license of software products to assist customers in monitoring and controlling access and authorization across hybrid cloud assets. Total consideration related to the acquisition was $16.5 million in cash, of which $2.0 million is to be paid upon the lapse of an indemnification period of 12 months and 24 months of the acquisition date. As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, $1.0 million of holdback amount is reflected within accrued expenses and other liabilities and $1.0 million is included in other long-term liabilities in the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets.
The following table summarizes the final purchase price allocation as of the date of acquisition:
As of
October 15, 2019
(In thousands)
Cash and cash equivalents$
Prepayments and other current assets34 
Right-of-use assets90 
Goodwill7,637 
Intangible assets9,760 
Accounts payable(21)
Accrued expenses and other liabilities(133)
Deferred tax liability - non-current(861)
Total fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed$16,506 
The following table presents the estimated fair values and useful lives of the identifiable intangible assets acquired:
AmountEstimated Useful Life
(In thousands)(In years)
Developed technology$9,760 5
12

Overwatch.ID
On October 15, 2019, the Company acquired 100% of the equity interest in Overwatch.ID, Inc. (“Overwatch.ID”), a Delaware corporation engaged in the development and license of software products focused on access controls security for cloud applications, cloud computing, hybrid IT environments, and on-premises infrastructure. The consideration related to the acquisition was $20.9 million in cash, of which $3.0 million is to be paid upon the lapse of an indemnification period of 12 months and 18 months of the acquisition date. As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, $3.0 million and $1.5 million, respectively, of the holdback is included within accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets. As of December 31, 2019, $1.5 million of the holdback is included in other long-term liabilities in the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet.
The following table summarizes the final purchase price allocation as of the date of acquisition:
As of
October 15, 2019
(In thousands)
Cash and cash equivalents$45 
Accounts receivable66 
Prepayments and other current assets103 
Deferred tax asset - non-current687 
Right-of-use assets175 
Goodwill14,107 
Intangible assets6,610 
Accounts payable(256)
Accrued expenses and other liabilities(185)
Deferred revenue(466)
Total fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed$20,886 
The following table presents the estimated fair values and useful lives of the identifiable intangible assets acquired:
AmountEstimated Useful Life
(In thousands)(In years)
Developed technology$6,610 5
Additional Acquisition Related Information
The operating results of the acquired companies are included in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income from the respective dates of acquisition. Pro forma results of operations have not been presented because the effects of these acquisitions, individually and in the aggregate, were not material to our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations.
These acquisitions have been accounted for as business combinations. Assets acquired and liabilities assumed have been recorded at their estimated fair values as of the respective acquisition date. The Company finalized the purchase price within the required one-year measurement period as of the dates of acquisition.
The fair value of developed technology was estimated using the replacement cost method (Level 3), which utilized assumptions for the cost to replace, such as the workforce, timing and resources required, as well as a theoretical developer’s profit margin and entrepreneurial incentive and opportunity cost. The Company believes that for each acquisition, the acquired companies will provide opportunities for growth through investing in additional products and capabilities, among other factors. This contributed to a purchase price in excess of the estimated fair value of each acquired company’s net identifiable assets acquired and, as a result, goodwill was recorded in connection with each acquisition. The excess of the purchase price over the tangible assets, identifiable intangible assets and assumed liabilities was recorded as goodwill. Goodwill arising from these acquisitions are not deductible for tax purposes.
13

6. Goodwill and Intangible Assets
Goodwill
The following table reflects goodwill activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2020:
(In thousands)
Balance, December 31, 2019$241,051 
Measurement period adjustments70 
Balance, September 30, 2020$241,121 
There were 0 impairments of goodwill during the periods ended September 30, 2020 or 2019.
Total cost and amortization of intangible assets are comprised of the following:
As of
Weighted Average
Useful Life
September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
Intangible assets, net(In years)(In thousands)
Customer lists15$42,500 $42,500 
Developed technology8.958,370 58,440 
Trade names and trademarks1724,500 24,500 
Other intangible assets4.83,689 3,689 
Total intangible assets129,059 129,129 
Less: Accumulated amortization(56,992)(47,478)
Total intangible assets, net$72,067 $81,651 
Amortization expense for the following periods is as follows:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
(In thousands)
Cost of revenue - licenses$1,007 $1,008 $3,023 $3,024 
Cost of revenue - subscription921 96 2,742 288 
Research and development162 159 543 477 
Sales and marketing1,069 1,068 3,206 3,204 
Total amortization expense$3,159 $2,331 $9,514 $6,993 
Periodically, the Company evaluates intangible assets for possible impairment. There were 0 impairments of intangible assets during the periods ended September 30, 2020 or 2019.
The total estimated future amortization expense of these intangible assets as of September 30, 2020 is as follows:
Year Ending December 31,(In thousands)
2020 (except the nine months ended September 30)$3,153 
202112,585 
202212,247 
202311,744 
20249,412 
Thereafter22,926 
Total amortization expense$72,067 
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7. Commitments and Contingencies
Letters of Credit
As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company had an aggregate of $6.0 million of cash collateral for an unconditional standby letter of credit related to the Company’s corporate headquarters lease. The Company is also required to maintain a small amount of restricted cash to guarantee rent payments in a foreign subsidiary.
Operating Leases
As of September 30, 2020, our leases, which primarily consist of office leases, have remaining lease terms of less than one year to nine years. Certain leases include early termination and/or extension options; however, exercise of these options is at the Company’s sole discretion. As of September 30, 2020, the Company determined it is not reasonably certain it will exercise the options to extend its leases or terminate them early. As of September 30, 2020, we have 0 financing leases and our non-cancelable operating lease commitments excludes variable consideration.
The undiscounted annual future minimum lease payments are summarized by year in the table below:
Year Ending December 31,(In thousands)
2020 (except the nine months ended September 30)$1,416 
20215,832 
20225,734 
20235,264 
20244,951 
Thereafter22,283 
Total minimum lease payments45,480 
Less: interest(6,939)
Total present value of operating lease liabilities$38,541 
Current operating lease liabilities$4,314 
Long-term operating lease liabilities34,227 
Total operating lease liabilities$38,541 
Indemnification Arrangements
In the ordinary course of business, the Company enters into contractual arrangements under which it agrees to provide indemnification of varying scope and terms to customers, business partners and other parties with respect to certain matters, including losses arising out of the breach of such agreements, intellectual property infringement claims made by third parties, and other liabilities with respect to our products and services and business. In these circumstances, payment may be conditional on the other party making a claim pursuant to the procedures specified in a particular contract.
The Company includes service level commitments to customers of our cloud-based products warranting certain levels of uptime reliability and performance and permitting those customers to receive credits in the event that we fail to meet those levels. To date, the Company has not incurred any material costs as a result of these commitments, and we expect the time between any potential claims and issuance of the credits to be short. As a result, we have not accrued any liabilities related to these commitments in our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
Litigation Claims and Assessments
The Company is subject to claims and suits that may arise from time to time in the ordinary course of business. In addition, some legal actions, claims and governmental inquiries may be instituted or asserted in the future against us and our subsidiaries. Although the outcome of our legal proceedings cannot be predicted with certainty and no assurances can be provided, based upon current information, we do not believe the liabilities, if any, which may ultimately result from the outcome of such matters, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse impact on our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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8. Credit Agreement
In 2019, SailPoint Technologies, Inc., as borrower, and certain of our other wholly owned subsidiaries entered into a credit agreement (as amended, restated, amended and restated, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time through the date hereof, the “Credit Agreement”). The Credit Agreement is guaranteed by SailPoint Technologies Intermediate Holdings, LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary, and the Borrower’s material domestic subsidiaries (the “Guarantors” and, together with the Borrower, the “Loan Parties”) and is supported by a security interest in substantially all of the Loan Parties’ personal property and assets.
Later in 2019, the Company amended the Credit Agreement in connection with the issuance and sale of the Notes. Such amendment included a decrease in the commitments for revolving credit loans from $150.0 million to $75.0 million, with a $15.0 million letter of credit sublimit, which amount can be increased or decreased under certain circumstances and is subject to certain financial covenants. In addition, the Credit Agreement provides for the ability to incur uncommitted term loan facilities if, among other things, the Senior Net Leverage Ratio (as defined in the Credit Agreement), calculated giving pro forma effect to the requested term loan facility, is no greater than 3.50 to 1.00. Borrowings pursuant to the Credit Agreement may be used for working capital and other general corporate purposes, including acquisitions permitted under the Credit Agreement. The Credit Agreement contains certain customary representations and warranties and affirmative and negative covenants. The agreement has established priority for the lenders party over all assets of the Company.
The interest rates applicable to revolving credit loans under the Credit Agreement are at the Company’s option. The Company pays an unused commitment fee during the term of the Credit Agreement ranging from 0.20% to 0.30% per annum based on the Senior Secured Net Leverage Ratio. Borrowings under the Credit Agreement are scheduled to mature in March 11, 2024.
The Company had 0 outstanding revolving credit loan balance under the Credit Agreement as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019. The Company was in compliance with all applicable covenants as of September 30, 2020.
The Company incurred total debt issuance costs of $0.8 million in connection with the Credit Agreement, which the net balance is included in other non-current assets in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets. These costs are being amortized to interest expense over the life of the Credit Agreement on a straight-line basis. Amortization of debt issuance for the periods ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 was not material and recorded in interest expense in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations.
9. Convertible Senior Notes and Capped Call Transactions
In September 2019, the Company issued and sold $400.0 million aggregate principal amount of 0.125% Convertible Senior Notes due 2024 (the “Notes”) in a private offering (the “Offering”) to qualified institutional buyers pursuant to Rule 144A under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). The net proceeds from the Offering were $391.2 million, after deducting discounts and commissions and other fees and expenses payable by the Company in connection with the Offering. The Company used $37.1 million of the net proceeds from the Offering to pay the cost of the Capped Call Transactions.
The Notes were issued pursuant to an indenture (the “Indenture”), by and between the Company and U.S. Bank National Association, as trustee. The Notes are senior unsecured obligations of the Company and will mature on September 15, 2024, unless earlier redeemed, repurchased or converted. The Notes bear interest at a fixed rate of 0.125% per year payable semiannually in arrears on March 15 and September 15 of each year.
The Notes will be convertible at the option of the holders at any time prior to the close of business on the business day immediately preceding March 15, 2024, only under the following circumstances:
during any calendar quarter commencing after the calendar quarter ending on December 31, 2019 (and only during such calendar quarter), if the last reported sale price of the Company’s common stock, for at least 20 trading days (whether or not consecutive) during a period of 30 consecutive trading days ending on, and including, the last trading day of the immediately preceding calendar quarter is greater than or equal to 130% of the conversion price on each applicable trading day;
during the 5 business day period after any 5 consecutive trading day period (the “measurement period”) in which the trading price (as defined in the Indenture) per $1,000 principal amount of the Notes for each trading day of the measurement period was less than 98% of the product of the last reported sale price of common stock and the conversion rate for the Notes on each such trading day;
16

if the Company calls any or all of the Notes for redemption, at any time prior to the close of business on the scheduled trading day immediately preceding the redemption date; or
upon the occurrence of specified corporate events as set forth in the Indenture.
On or after March 15, 2024 until the close of business on the second scheduled trading day immediately preceding the maturity date, holders may convert all or any portion of their Notes, in multiples of $1,000 principal amount, at the option of the holder regardless of the foregoing circumstances.
Upon conversion, the Company may satisfy its conversion obligation by paying and/or delivering, as the case may be, cash, shares of common stock or a combination of cash and shares of common stock, at the Company’s election, in the manner and subject to the terms and conditions provided in the Indenture. It is the Company’s current intent to settle the principal amount of the Notes with cash. The Notes are convertible at an initial conversion rate of 35.1849 shares of common stock per $1,000 principal amount of the Notes, which is equivalent to an initial conversion price of $28.42 per share of common stock, subject to adjustment upon the occurrence of specified events. The conversion rate is subject to adjustment under certain circumstances in accordance with the terms of the Indenture.
In addition, following certain corporate events that occur prior to the maturity date or if the Company delivers a notice of redemption, the Company will, in certain circumstances, increase the conversion rate for a holder who elects to convert its Notes in connection with such a corporate event or notice of redemption, as the case may be. For example, upon the occurrence of a make-whole fundamental change, as defined in the purchase agreement, the Company will, in certain circumstances, increase the conversion rate by a number of additional shares for a holder that elects to convert its Notes in connection with such make-whole fundamental change or during the relevant redemption period.
The Company may not redeem the Notes prior to September 20, 2022. The Company may redeem for cash all or any portion of the Notes, at its option, on or after September 20, 2022, if the last reported sale price of common stock has been at least 130% of the conversion price then in effect for at least 20 trading days (whether or not consecutive) during any 30 consecutive trading day period (including the last trading day of such period) ending on, and including, the trading day preceding the date on which the Company provides notice of redemption at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the Notes to be redeemed, plus any accrued and unpaid interest to, but excluding, the redemption date. No sinking fund is provided for the Notes, which means that the Company is not required to redeem or retire the Notes periodically.
If the Company undergoes a fundamental change (as defined in the Indenture), holders may require the Company to repurchase for cash all or any portion of their Notes at a fundamental change repurchase price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the Notes to be repurchased, plus any accrued and unpaid interest to, but excluding, the fundamental change repurchase date.
The Indenture includes customary covenants and sets forth certain events of default after which the Notes may be declared immediately due and payable and sets forth certain types of bankruptcy or insolvency events of default involving the Company after which the Notes become automatically due and payable. The Company was in compliance with all applicable covenants as of September 30, 2020.
For at least 20 trading days during the period of 30 consecutive trading days ended September 30, 2020, the last reported sale price of the Company’s common stock was equal to or exceeded 130% of the conversion price of the Notes on each applicable trading day. As a result, the Notes are convertible at the option of the holders during the fiscal quarter ending December 31, 2020 and were classified as current liabilities on the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2020. As of the date of this filing, none of the holders of the Notes have submitted requests for conversion.
In accounting for the issuance of the Notes, we separated the Notes into liability and equity components. The carrying amounts of the liability components of the Notes were calculated by measuring the fair value of similar debt instruments that do not have an associated convertible feature. The carrying amounts of the equity components, representing the conversion option, were determined by deducting the fair value of the liability components from the par value of the Notes. This difference represents the debt discount that is amortized to interest expense over the terms of the Notes using the effective interest rate method. The carrying amount of the equity components representing the conversion options was $88.8 million for the Notes and is recorded in additional paid in capital and are not remeasured as long as they continue to meet the conditions for equity classification.
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The Company allocates transaction costs related to the issuance of the Notes to the liability and equity components using the same proportions as the initial carrying value of the Notes. Transaction costs attributable to the liability component were $6.8 million and are being amortized to interest expense at an effective interest method rate of 5.25% over the term of the Notes. Transaction costs attributable to the equity component were $2.0 million and are netted with the equity component of the Notes in additional paid in capital.
As of September 30, 2020, the Notes have a remaining life of 48 months.
The net carrying amount of the liability and equity components of the Notes for the periods presented is as follows:
As of
September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
(In thousands)
Liability component
Principal$400,000 $400,000 
Unamortized discount(72,417)(84,542)
Unamortized issuance costs(5,396)(6,407)
Net carrying amount$322,187 $309,051 
Equity component, net of issuance costs$86,764 $86,764 
The interest expense recognized related to the Notes for the periods presented is as follows:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
(In thousands)
Contractual interest expense$125 $$375 $
Amortization of debt discount4,094 261 12,125 261 
Amortization of debt issuance costs337 22 1,011 22 
Total$4,556 $291 $13,511 $291 
As of September 30, 2020, the total estimated fair value of the Notes was $610.3 million. The fair value was determined based on the closing trading price per $100 of the Notes as of the last day of trading for the period. The fair value of the Notes is primarily affected by the trading price of our common stock and market interest rates. The fair value of the Notes is considered Level 2 within the fair value hierarchy and was determined based on inputs that are observable in the market or that could be derived from, or corroborated with, observable market data, and quoted prices of the Notes in an over-the-counter market.
Capped Call Transactions
In September 2019, in connection with the pricing of the Notes and in connection with the initial purchasers’ exercise in full of their option to purchase additional Notes, the Company entered into privately negotiated capped call transactions (the “Capped Call Transactions”) with the initial purchasers or their respective affiliates and another financial institution. The Capped Call Transactions cover, subject to anti-dilution adjustments substantially similar to those applicable to the Notes, 14.1 million shares of common stock. The Capped Call Transactions are generally expected to reduce potential dilution to common stock upon any conversion of the Notes and/or offset any potential cash payments the Company is required to make in excess of the principal amount of converted Notes, as the case may be, with such reduction and/or offset subject to a cap. The Capped Call Transactions have an initial strike price of $28.42 per share, which corresponds to the initial conversion price of the Notes and is subject to certain adjustments. The cap price of the Capped Call Transactions is initially $41.34 per share, which is subject to certain adjustments. For accounting purposes, the Capped Calls Transactions are separate transactions and not part of the terms of the Notes. As the Capped Call Transactions are considered indexed to our own stock and are considered equity classified, they are recorded in stockholders’ equity and are not accounted for as derivatives. The cost of $37.1 million incurred in connection with the Capped Call Transactions was recorded as a reduction to additional paid in capital.
18

10. Stock-Based Compensation
2015 Stock Option Plans
In 2015, the Company adopted (i) the Amended and Restated 2015 Stock Option and Grant Plan and (ii) the 2015 Stock Incentive Plan (together the “2015 Stock Option Plans”) under which it may grant incentive stock options (“ISOs”), nonqualified stock options (“NSOs”) for the right to purchase shares of common stock and grant restricted stock units (“RSUs”). The 2015 Stock Option Plans reserve 5.0 million shares of common stock for issuance as ISOs, 0.5 million shares of RSUs and 0.25 million shares for issuance under the 2015 Stock Incentive Plan. Under the 2015 Stock Option Plans, ISOs may not be granted at less than fair market value on the date of the grant and generally vest over a four-year period based on continued service. Options generally expire ten years after the grant date.
As of September 30, 2020, 0.6 million shares were available for issuance under the 2015 Stock Option Plans, including less than 0.1 million shares available for issuance under the 2015 Stock Incentive Plan. The Company currently uses authorized and unissued shares to satisfy share award exercises.
2017 Long Term Incentive Plan
In November 2017, the Company’s Board of Directors adopted the 2017 Long Term Incentive Plan (the “2017 Plan”) under which it may grant stock options, NSOs to purchase shares of common stock and RSUs. As of September 30, 2020, the Company had reserved 17.7 million shares of common stock available for issuance under the 2017 Plan to employees, directors, officers and consultants of the Company and its subsidiaries. The number of shares of common stock available for issuance under the 2017 Plan is increased on each January 1 by 4.4 million shares of common stock. Options and RSUs granted to employees under the 2017 Plan generally vest over four years. Common stock subject to an award that expires or is canceled, forfeited, exchanged or otherwise terminated without delivery of shares, and shares withheld or surrendered to pay the exercise price of, or to satisfy the withholding obligations with respect to an award, will become available for future grants under the 2017 Plan. As of September 30, 2020, 11.1 million shares were available for issuance under the 2017 Plan. The Company currently uses authorized and unissued shares to satisfy share award exercises.
The fair value for the Company’s stock options granted and Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the "ESPP") purchase rights, as discussed further below, during the periods presented were estimated at grant date using a Black Scholes option-pricing model using the following weighted average assumptions:
Stock OptionsESPP
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
Expected dividend rate0%0%0%0%
Expected volatility50% - 56.2%38.8% - 39.8%48.1% - 56.2%39.8% - 46.0%
Risk-free interest rate0.36% - 1.53%1.39% - 2.59%0.18% - 1.57%2.29% -2.44%
Expected term (in years)6.256.250.500.42 - 0.50
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The following table summarizes stock option activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2020:
Number
of Options
Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
(In thousands)(Per share)(Years)(In thousands)
Balances at December 31, 20192,786 $13.67 7.7$31,489 
Granted617 $25.30 
Exercised(648)$7.57 
Forfeited(230)$20.42 
Balances at September 30, 20202,525 $17.47 7.8$55,819 
Options vested and expected to vest at September 30, 20202,525 $17.47 7.8$55,819 
Options vested and exercisable at September 30, 20201,048 $11.07 6.7$29,870 
The Company expects all outstanding stock options to fully vest. The weighted average grant date fair value per share for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 was $17.27 and $11.48, respectively. The total fair value of shares vested for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 was $1.1 million and $4.8 million, respectively, compared to approximately $0.8 million and $3.7 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively.
The total unrecognized compensation expense related to non-vested stock options granted is $14.1 million and is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.5 years as of September 30, 2020.
Incentive Unit Plan
In 2014 and 2015, the Company granted shares of the Company’s common stock (the “incentive units”) to certain members of management pursuant to restricted stock agreements (the “RSAs”).
The incentive units were granted with an exercise price equal to the fair market value on the date of grant, are subject to vesting, and if exercised in advance of vesting were subject to the Company’s right to repurchase until vested.
The Company did 0t grant any additional incentive units during the periods ended September 30, 2020. During the first quarter of 2019, all of the remaining 0.7 million incentive units were vested with a weighted average grant date fair value of $0.05 per share. Therefore, subsequent to the first quarter of 2019, we incurred 0 additional stock-based compensation expense and there is no further unrecognized compensation expense or intrinsic value related to non-vested incentive units.
Restricted Stock Units
The following table summarizes the RSU activity for the Company for the nine months ended September 30, 2020:
Number of
Shares
Weighted
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
(In thousands)(Per share)(Years)(In thousands)
Balances at December 31, 20191,881 $23.08 1.6$44,386 
Granted2,051 $23.48 
Vested(399)$25.50 
Forfeited(216)$23.29 
Balances at September 30, 20203,317 $23.03 1.5$131,260 
Units expected to vest at September 30, 20203,317 $23.03 1.5$131,260 
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The Company expects all outstanding RSUs to fully vest. The total unrecognized compensation related to RSUs was $63.3 million as of September 30, 2020 and is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.9 years.
Employee Stock Purchase Plan
The Company initially reserved 1.8 million shares of common stock for issuance under the ESPP. The number of shares available for issuance under the ESPP increases each January 1 by 0.9 million shares of common stock. The ESPP will continue in effect unless terminated prior thereto by the Company’s board of directors or compensation committee, each of which has the right to terminate the ESPP at any time. As of September 30, 2020, 2.8 million shares were available for issuance under the ESPP Plan. During each of the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company issued and distributed approximately 0.2 million shares of common stock pursuant the ESPP offering periods spanning from December 3, 2019 to June 3, 2020 and January 2, 2019 to June 3, 2019, respectively. The current ESPP offering period is June 4, 2020 through December 2, 2020. Stock-based compensation expense associated with ESPP purchase rights are recognized on a straight-line basis over the offering period.
A summary of the Company’s stock-based compensation expense, which includes stock options, incentive units, RSUs and ESPP, is presented below:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
(In thousands)
Stock options$1,479 $1,232 $4,307 $3,868 
Incentive units351 
RSUs5,654 2,819 15,113 8,176 
ESPP705 438 1,759 1,703 
Total stock-based compensation expense$7,838 $4,489 $21,179 $14,098 
A summary of the Company’s stock-based compensation expense as recognized on the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations is as follows:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
(In thousands)
Cost of revenue - subscription$485 $286 $1,270 $830 
Cost of revenue - services and other550 337 1,368 1,066 
Research and development1,712 820 4,700 2,653 
General and administrative1,944 1,710 4,896 4,725 
Sales and marketing3,147 1,336 8,945 4,824 
Total stock-based compensation expense$7,838 $4,489 $21,179 $14,098 

11. Income Taxes
Income Taxes
The effective tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 is 78.3% and 28.5%, respectively, compared to (249.3)% and 13.9% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively. The primary drivers for the differences in the rates from the prior-year period to the current-year period are related to differences in forecasted pre-tax book income, the impact of stock compensation, an increase in foreign tax liabilities and the impact of research and development ("R&D") credits.
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Provision for income taxes consists of U.S. and state income taxes and income taxes in certain foreign jurisdictions in which the Company conducts business. The Company expects to be in an overall deferred tax liability position for the period ended December 31, 2020. Additionally, all deferred tax assets are expected to be fully offset by the turning of its deferred tax liabilities over time, so there is no valuation allowance included in the forecasted effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2020. The Company still maintains a full valuation allowance for its Israel tax position due to the lack of taxable earnings for the foreseeable future.
The Company’s practice is to recognize interest and/or penalties related to income tax matters in income tax expense. During the periods ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company did 0t record any material interest or penalties.
The Company files tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, in several state jurisdictions, and in several foreign jurisdictions. The Company is no longer subject to U.S. federal income tax examinations for years before 2016 and is no longer subject to state, local and foreign income tax examinations by tax authorities for years before 2015. The Company is currently under audit for income tax in a single foreign jurisdiction. The audit is ongoing and is not expected to materially impact the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. The Company has an Uncertain Tax Position reserve related to this foreign jurisdiction filing that should sufficiently cover any related assessment.
12. Net Income (Loss) Per Share
Basic and diluted net income (loss) per share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is calculated using our weighted average outstanding common shares including the dilutive effect of stock awards. In periods when the Company recognizes a net loss, the Company excludes the impact of outstanding stock awards from the diluted loss per share calculation as their inclusion would have an anti-dilutive effect.
22

The following table sets forth the calculation of basic and diluted net income (loss) per share for the periods presented:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
(In thousands, except per share data)
Numerator
Net income (loss)$(676)$3,668 $(6,051)$(13,919)
Denominator
Weighted average shares outstanding
Basic90,764 89,143 90,320 88,739 
Diluted90,764 90,808 90,320 88,739 
Net income (loss) per share
Basic$(0.01)$0.04 $(0.07)$(0.16)
Diluted$(0.01)$0.04 $(0.07)$(0.16)
The following weighted average outstanding shares of common stock equivalents were excluded from the computation of the diluted net income (loss) per share for the periods presented because their effect would have been anti-dilutive:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
(in thousands)
Stock options to purchase common stock2,599 907 2,827 3,062 
RSUs issued and outstanding3,296 969 2,953 1,855 
ESPP210 136 67 
Convertible senior notes2,558 
Total8,663 1,876 5,916 4,984 
As we expect to settle the principal amount of the Notes in cash and any excess in shares of the Company’s common stock, the Company uses the treasury stock method for calculating any potential dilutive effect of the conversion spread on diluted net income per share, if applicable. The conversion spread of 14.1 million shares will have a dilutive impact on diluted net income per share of common stock when the average market price of our common stock for a given period exceeds the conversion price of $28.42 per share.
13. Segment and Geographic Information
ASC 280, “Segment Reporting”, establishes standards for reporting information about operating segments. Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise about which separate financial information is available that is evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision makers in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. The Company manages its business on the basis of 1 reportable segment and derives revenues from licensing of software, sale of our maintenance, SaaS subscription offerings, professional services and technical support. Revenue is classified by the following major geographic areas: (i) United States, (ii) Europe, the Middle East and Africa (“EMEA”) and (iii) rest of the world.
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The following are a summary of consolidated revenues within geographic areas:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
(In thousands)
United States$67,917 $56,071 $191,613 $142,030 
EMEA (1)
16,329 12,499 43,104 38,768 
Rest of the World (1)
9,767 7,309 27,196 18,718 
Total revenue$94,013 $75,879 $261,913 $199,516 
(1)    No single country outside of the United States represented more than 10% of our revenue.
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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
You should read the following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations in conjunction with our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Quarterly Report”) and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, which was filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on February 24, 2020 (the “Annual Report”), including the consolidated financial statements and related notes included therein.
SPECIAL NOTE ABOUT FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws, which statements involve substantial risks and uncertainties. Forward-looking statements generally relate to future events or our future financial or operating performance. All statements included in this Quarterly Report, other than statements of historical fact, are forward-looking statements. This includes statements regarding our strategy, future operations, financial position, estimated revenues and losses, projected costs, prospects, plans and objectives of management. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements because they contain words such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “expects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “could,” “intends,” “target,” “projects,” “contemplates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential” or “continue” or the negative of these words or other similar terms or expressions.
You should not rely upon forward-looking statements as predictions of future events or place undue reliance thereon. We have based the forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report primarily on our current expectations and projections, in light of currently available information, about future events and trends that we believe may affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects. The outcome of the events described in these forward-looking statements is subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors. Important factors, some of which are beyond our control, that could cause actual results to differ materially from our historical results or those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements include the following: the effect of the novel coronavirus disease (“COVID-19”) global pandemic and its aftermath, as well as governmental, business and other actions in response, on the global economy and on our business; the scope, duration and severity of the COVID-19 pandemic, including any recurrence, as well as the timing of the economic recovery following the pandemic; our ability to achieve and sustain profitability; our ability to sustain historical growth rates; our ability to attract and retain customers and to deepen our relationships with existing customers; an increased focus in our business from selling licenses to selling subscriptions; breaches in our security, cyber-attacks or other cyber-risks; interruptions with the delivery of our SaaS solutions or third-party cloud-based systems that we use in our operations; our ability to compete successfully against current and future competitors; the length and unpredictable nature of our sales cycle; delayed effects on our operating results from ratably recognizing some of our revenue; fluctuations in our quarterly results; our ability to maintain successful relationships with our channel partners; the increasing complexity of our operations; real or perceived errors, failures or disruptions in our platform or solutions; our ability to adapt and respond to rapidly changing technology, industry standards, regulations or customer needs, requirements or preferences; our ability to achieve and maintain an effective system of disclosure controls and internal control over financial reporting; our ability to comply with our privacy policy or related legal or regulatory requirements; our ability to accurately forecast our estimated annual effective tax rate for financial accounting purposes; our ability to successfully identify, acquire and integrate companies and assets; our ability to maintain high-quality customer satisfaction; and our ability to maintain and enhance our brand or reputation as an industry leader. More information on these risks and other potential factors that could affect our financial results is included in our other filings with the SEC, including in the “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” sections of the Annual Report and “Risk Factors” in Part II, Item 1A in subsequent quarterly reports. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks and uncertainties emerge from time to time and it is not possible for us to predict all risks and uncertainties that could have an impact on the forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report. We cannot assure you that the results, events and circumstances reflected in the forward-looking statements will be achieved or occur, and actual results, events or circumstances could differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements.
The forward-looking statements made in this Quarterly Report relate only to events as of the date hereof. We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements made in this Quarterly Report to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this Quarterly Report or to reflect new information or the occurrence of unanticipated events, except as required by law. Our forward-looking statements do not reflect the potential impact of any future acquisitions, mergers, dispositions, joint ventures or investments we may make.

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Business Overview
SailPoint Technologies Holdings, Inc. (“we,” “our,” “the Company” or “SailPoint”) is the leading provider of enterprise identity governance solutions. Our team of visionary industry veterans launched SailPoint to empower our customers to efficiently and securely govern the digital identities of employees, contractors, business partners, software bots and other human and non-human users, and manage their constantly changing access rights to enterprise applications and data. Our SailPoint Predictive Identity platform provides organizations with critical visibility into who currently has access to which resources, who should have access to those resources, and how that access is being used.
We offer both software and software as a service (“SaaS”) solutions, which provide organizations with the intelligence required to empower users and govern their access to systems, applications and data across hybrid IT environments, spanning on-premises, cloud and mobile applications and file storage platforms. We help customers enable their businesses with more agile and innovative IT, streamline delivery of access to their businesses, enhance their security posture and better meet compliance and regulatory requirements. Our customers include many of the world’s largest and most complex organizations, including commercial enterprises, financial institutions and governments.
Organizations globally are investing in technologies such as cloud computing and mobility to improve employee productivity, business agility and competitiveness. Today, enterprise environments are more open and interconnected with their business partners, contractors, vendors and customers. Business users have driven a dramatic increase in the number of applications and amount of data that organizations need to manage, much of which sits beyond the traditional network perimeter. Because of these trends, the attack surface is expanding while well-funded cyber attackers have significantly increased the frequency and sophistication of their attacks. As a result, IT professionals need to manage and secure increasingly complex hybrid IT environments within these extended enterprises.
Attackers frequently target the identity vector as it allows them to leverage user identities to gain access to high-value systems and data while concealing their activity and movements within an organization’s IT infrastructure. The consequences of a data breach can be extremely damaging, with organizations facing significant costs to remediate the breach and repair brand and reputational damage. In addition, governments and regulatory bodies have increased efforts to protect users and their data with a new wave of regulatory and compliance measures that are further burdening organizations and levying severe penalties for non-compliance. As a result of these trends, enterprises are struggling to efficiently manage and secure their digital identities.
We believe that our SailPoint Predictive Identity platform is a critical, foundational layer of a modern cyber security strategy. Its open architecture allows it to complement and build upon traditional perimeter- and endpoint-centric security solutions, which on their own are increasingly insufficient to secure organizations, and their applications and data.
We deliver a user-centric security platform that combines identity and data governance solutions to form a holistic view of the enterprise. In combination with our technology partners, we create identity awareness throughout our customers’ environments by providing valuable insights into, and incorporating information from, a broad range of enterprise software and security solutions. Our governance platform provides a system of record for digital identities across our customers’ IT environments while allowing them to remain agile and competitive. Our adaptable solutions integrate seamlessly into existing technology stacks, allowing organizations to maximize the value of their technology investments. Our professionals work closely with customers throughout the implementation lifecycle, from documentation to development to integration.
The SailPoint Predictive Identity platform currently consists of:
SailPoint Identity Services: delivered as multi-tenant SaaS subscription services and currently consisting of:
IdentityNow: provides customers with a set of fully integrated services for compliance, provisioning and password management for applications and data hosted on-premises or in the cloud;
Access Insights: turns identity data collected into actionable insights;
Recommendation Engine: uses artificial intelligence (“AI”), machine learning (“ML”), peer group analysis, identity attributes and access activity to help you decide whether access should be granted or removed;
Access Modeling: uses AI and ML to suggest roles based on similar access between users and gives you insights to confirm the correct access for each role;
Cloud Access Management: uses AI and ML to automatically learn, monitor and secure access to cloud infrastructure; and
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Workload Privilege Management: automates the creation and rotation of credentials, keys and passwords and records and logs activity whenever privileged tasks are performed for security and audit purposes, and
IdentityIQ: our identity governance solution that can be delivered from the cloud or on-premises.
IdentityIQ provides large, complex enterprise customers a unified and highly configurable identity governance solution that consistently applies business and security policies as well as role and risk models across applications and data. It can be used in conjunction with our SailPoint Identity Services, including Access Insights, Recommendation Engine, Access Modeling, Cloud Access Management and Workload Privilege Management.
Our solutions address the complex needs of global enterprises and mid-market organizations. As of September 30, 2020, 1,660 customers across a wide variety of industries were using our products to enable and secure digital identities across the globe.
Our success is principally dependent on our ability to deliver compelling solutions to attract new customers and retain existing customers. Delivering these solutions is challenging because our customers have large, complex IT environments, often rely on both legacy and innovative technologies, and deploy different business models, including on-premises and cloud models. Rising security threats and evolving regulations and compliance standards for cyber security, data protection, privacy and internal IT controls create new opportunities for our industry and require us to adapt our solutions to be successful. Maintaining our historical growth rates is also challenging because our growth strategy depends in part on our ability to expand our global presence, increase the number of companies we can address with our current solutions, and invest in new vertical markets, while competing against much larger companies with more recognizable brands and financial resources. Although we seek to grow rapidly, we also focus on managing our net cash from operations while continuing to invest in our platform and to deliver innovative solutions to our customers.
We believe enterprises are increasingly embracing the cloud to house their critical security infrastructure. As a result, a growing number of enterprises are changing their approach to identity governance and now prefer to use a SaaS solution rather than purchase software outright and install it in their own infrastructure. This industry shift aligns well with our current product strategy. Our product strategy is to (1) accelerate innovation within our core identity governance SaaS offerings, (2) deliver continued innovation as we execute against our vision for SailPoint Predictive Identity, and (3) ensure that as we deliver these new innovations, they work in concert with our on-premises offerings in addition to our SaaS offerings. We believe that continued growth of subscription revenue, which includes revenue from our SaaS offerings, as a percentage of total revenue will lead to a more predictable revenue model and increase our visibility to future period total revenues. Nevertheless, our revenue and our gross margins vary depending on the type of solution we sell. As a result, a shift in the sales mix of our solutions could affect our performance relative to historical results.
See “Key Factors Affecting Our Performance” within “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Part II, Item 7 of the Annual Report for information regarding the key factors affecting our performance.
Recent Developments and Outlook
In light of the ongoing spread of COVID-19 in the United States and abroad, government and public health authorities have continued to recommend social distancing and imposed various quarantine and isolation measures on large portions of the population, including measures directed at businesses. While intended to protect human life, these restrictions have had and are expected to continue to have serious adverse impacts on domestic and foreign economies of uncertain duration. In response to these measures, we have made certain adjustments to our operations as we continue to provide our offerings to new and existing customers, but it remains unclear how these changes or the broader effects of COVID-19 on global economies will affect our financial performance going forward. For example, as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, we have shifted all customer events to virtual-only experiences for the remainder of 2020. It remains unclear what effect this trend may have on our sales cycle, conversion rate or the quantity and quality of our customer pipeline.
The conditions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic may also materially adversely affect the rate of IT spending by our current and prospective customers, including our customers’ ability or willingness to purchase our offerings, delay prospective customers’ purchasing decisions, delay the provisioning of our offerings, or cause customers to fail to make timely payments. We have seen an immaterial number of customer requests, and may continue to see similar requests, to lengthen payment terms or reduce the value or duration of subscription contracts, but this has not resulted in a material adverse impact on our renewal rates. And while, due to local and regional restrictions, we have not been able to provide on-site consulting services to our
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customers during the pandemic, this has not resulted in any meaningful adverse impact on our ability to deliver such services because a significant portion of our consulting services have historically been provided remotely and most on-site projects transitioned to a remote delivery model.
Notwithstanding the potential and actual adverse impacts described above, as the pandemic has caused more of our customers to shift to a virtual workforce, we believe the value and scalability of our identity platform has become even more evident. We believe that the pandemic has not had a material adverse impact on our financial performance, and indeed, our revenue and customer base have grown through the first three quarters of 2020. For the remainder of 2020, we foresee healthy demand for our solutions given the aforementioned virtual workforce shift, though we recognize that the uncertainty related to COVID-19 may result in increased volatility in the financial projections we use as the basis for estimates and assumptions used in our financial statements.
The challenges posed by COVID-19 on our business and our customers’ businesses may evolve rapidly, and the speed, trajectory and strength of a recovery in general economic conditions remains highly uncertain and could be slowed or reversed by a number of factors, including the recent resurgence in COVID-19 infections in a number of locations around the world and the continued lack of generally effective therapeutics or a vaccine for the disease. Consequently, we will continue to evaluate our financial position in light of future developments, particularly those relating to COVID-19. See “Risk Factors” in Part II, Item 1A of the Quarterly Report for the quarter ended March 31, 2020 for information regarding the possible effects of COVID-19 on our business.
Key Business Metrics
In addition to our GAAP financial information, we monitor the following key metrics to help us measure and evaluate the effectiveness of our operations:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
Number of customers (at period end)1,660 1,341 1,660 1,341 
Subscription revenue as a percentage of total revenue54 %49 %54 %52 %
Number of Customers. We believe that the size of our customer base is an indicator of our market penetration and that our net customer additions are an indicator of the growth of our business and our future revenue opportunity. We define a customer as a distinct entity, division or business unit of an organization that receives support or has the right to use our cloud-based solutions as of the specified measurement date. Revenue from any single customer is determined by the number of identities the customer is entitled to govern as well as the number of modules and solutions purchased. Our customer base increased by 319, or 24%, from 1,341 customers at September 30, 2019 to 1,660 customers at September 30, 2020. This increase includes 12 customers added in the first quarter of 2020 as a result of the integration of our two acquisitions in the fourth quarter of 2019.
Subscription Revenue as a Percentage of Total Revenue. Subscription revenue is a portion of our total revenue and is derived from (i) IdentityIQ maintenance and support agreements and (ii) the SailPoint Identity Services where customers enter into subscription agreements with us. As we generally sell our solutions on a per-identity basis, our SaaS subscription revenue for any customer is primarily determined by the number of identities that the customer is entitled to govern, the number of applications that the customer has licensed from us, and the ongoing price paid per-identity under a maintenance and support agreement. Thus, we consider our subscription revenue to be the recurring portion of our revenue base and believe that its continued growth as a percentage of total revenue will lead to a more predictable revenue model and increase our visibility to future period total revenues. Because we recognize our subscription revenue ratably over the duration of those agreements, a portion of the revenue we recognize each period is derived from agreements we entered into in prior periods. In contrast, we typically recognize license revenue upon entering into the applicable license, the timing of which is less predictable and may cause significant fluctuations in our quarterly financial results.
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Components of Results of Operations
See “Components of Results of Operations” within “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Part II, Item 7 of the Annual Report for information regarding the components of our results of operations.
Seasonality
We generally experience seasonal fluctuations in demand for our products and services. Our quarterly sales are impacted by industry buying patterns. As a result, our sales have generally been highest in the fourth quarter of a calendar year and lowest in the first quarter. Although these seasonal factors are common in the technology industry, historical patterns should not be considered a reliable indicator of our future sales activity or performance.
Results of Operations
The following table sets forth our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations for the periods presented:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
(In thousands)
Revenue
Licenses$30,864 $26,825 $86,748 $64,827 
Subscription51,004 37,383 140,807 102,929 
Services and other12,145 11,671 34,358 31,760 
Total revenue94,013 75,879 261,913 199,516 
Cost of revenue
Licenses1,083 1,083 3,269 3,157 
Subscription (1)
9,794 6,862 26,927 18,990 
Services and other (1)
9,922 8,985 27,597 25,361 
Total cost of revenue20,799 16,930 57,793 47,508 
Gross profit73,214 58,949 204,120 152,008 
Operating expenses
Research and development (1)
19,314 14,148 52,775 40,318 
General and administrative (1)
8,846 10,192 27,731 27,819 
Sales and marketing (1)
44,092 33,274 119,886 99,298 
Total operating expenses72,252 57,614 200,392 167,435 
Income (loss) from operations962 1,335 3,728 (15,427)
Other expense, net:
Interest income349 418 1,790 843 
Interest expense(4,639)(408)(13,757)(561)
Other income (expense), net214 (295)(222)(1,018)
Total other expense, net(4,076)(285)(12,189)(736)
Income (loss) before income taxes(3,114)1,050 (8,461)(16,163)
Income tax benefit2,438 2,618 2,410 2,244 
Net income (loss)$(676)$3,668 $(6,051)$(13,919)
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(1)Includes stock-based compensation expense as follows:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
(In thousands)
Cost of revenue - subscription$485 $286 $1,270 $830 
Cost of revenue - services and other550 337 1,368 1,066 
Research and development1,712 820 4,700 2,653 
General and administrative1,944 1,710 4,896 4,725 
Sales and marketing3,147 1,336 8,945 4,824 
Total stock-based compensation expense$7,838 $4,489 $21,179 $14,098 
The following table sets forth the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations data for each of the periods presented as a percentage of total revenue:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
Revenue
Licenses33 %35 %33 %32 %
Subscription54 49 54 52 
Services and other13 16 13 16 
Total revenue100 100 100 100 
Cost of revenue
Licenses
Subscription10 10 
Services and other11 12 11 13 
Total cost of revenue22 22 22 24 
Gross profit78 78 78 76 
Operating expenses
Research and development21 19 20 20 
General and administrative13 11 14 
Sales and marketing47 44 46 50 
Total operating expenses77 76 77 84 
Income (loss) from operations(8)
Other expense, net:
Interest income— — 
Interest expense(5)(1)(5)— 
Other income (expense), net— — — — 
Total other expense, net(5)— (4)— 
Income (loss) before income taxes(4)(3)(8)
Income tax benefit
Net income (loss)(1)%%(2)%(7)%

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Comparison of the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020 and 2019
Revenue
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019variance $variance %September 30, 2020September 30, 2019variance $variance %
(In thousands, except percentages)
Revenue
Licenses$30,864 $26,825 $4,039 15 %$86,748 $64,827 $21,921 34 %
Subscription51,004 37,383 13,621 36 %140,807 102,929 37,878 37 %
Services and other12,145 11,671 474 %34,358 31,760 2,598 %
Total revenue$94,013 $75,879 $18,134 24 %$261,913 $199,516 $62,397 31 %
License Revenue. License revenue increased by $4.0 million, or 15%, for the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2019. During the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, license revenue from new customers was $22.4 million and $15.4 million, and license revenue from existing customers was $8.5 million and $11.4 million for the respective periods.
License revenue increased by $21.9 million, or 34%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2019. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, license revenue from new customers was $55.9 million and $41.7 million, and license revenue from existing customers was $30.9 million and $23.1 million for the respective periods.
Subscription Revenue. Subscription revenue increased by $13.6 million, or 36%, for the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2019 primarily due to an increase in ongoing maintenance revenue from our increased installed base and new sales of our SaaS offerings as we continue to see strong momentum in our SaaS business. During the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, subscription revenue from new customers was $6.5 million and $5.7 million, and subscription revenue from existing customers was $44.5 million and $31.7 million for the respective periods.
Subscription revenue increased by $37.9 million, or 37%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2019. The increase was primarily a result of an increase in ongoing maintenance revenue from our increased installed base and new sales of our SaaS offerings as we continue to see strong momentum in our SaaS business. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, subscription revenue from new customers was $10.9 million and $10.1 million, and subscription revenue from existing customers was $129.9 million and $92.8 million for the respective periods.
Services and Other Revenue. Services and other revenue increased by $0.5 million, or 4% for the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2019. The increase is primarily a result of an increase in the number of customers using our consulting and training services.
Services and other revenue increased by $2.6 million, or 8%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2019. The increase is primarily a result of an increase in the number of customers using our consulting and training services.
Geographic Regions. Our customers in the United States contributed the largest portion of our revenue in each reporting period ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 because we have more market momentum related to our larger and more established sales force, sales pipeline and brand recognition and awareness in the United States as compared to our other regions. Revenue is classified by the following major geographic areas: (i) United States, (ii) Europe, the Middle East and Africa (“EMEA”) and (iii) rest of the world. We continue to invest in increasing the size of our international sales force and strengthening partnerships with global system integrators and resellers worldwide. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, revenue in the United States, EMEA and the rest of the world increased year-over-year.
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The following table sets forth, for each of the periods presented, our consolidated total revenue by geography and the respective percentages of total revenue:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
$% of revenue$% of revenue$% of revenue$% of revenue
(In thousands, except percentages)
United States$67,917 72 %$56,071 74 %$191,613 73 %$142,030 71 %
EMEA (1)
16,329 17 %12,499 16 %43,104 17 %38,768 19 %
Rest of the World (1)
9,767 11 %7,309 10 %27,196 10 %18,718 10 %
Total revenue$94,013 100 %$75,879 100 %$261,913 100 %$199,516 100 %
(1)No single country outside of the United States represented more than 10% of our revenue.
Gross Profit and Gross Margin
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019variance $variance %September 30, 2020September 30, 2019variance $variance %
(In thousands, except percentages)
Gross profit
Licenses$29,781 $25,742 $4,039 16 %$83,479 $61,670 $21,809 35 %
Subscription41,210 30,521 10,689 35 %113,880 83,939 29,941 36 %
Services and other2,223 2,686 (463)(17)%6,761 6,399 362 %
Total gross profit$73,214 $58,949 $14,265 24 %$204,120 $152,008 $52,112 34 %
Gross margin
Licenses96 %96 %96 %95 %
Subscription81 %82 %81 %82 %
Services and other18 %23 %20 %20 %
Total gross margin78 %78 %78 %76 %
Licenses. License gross profit increased by $4.0 million, or 16%, for the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2019. The increase in gross profit was the result of increased license revenues with only minor increases in third party royalties.
License gross profit increased by $21.8 million, or 35%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2019. The increase in gross profit was the result of increased license revenues with only minor increases in third party royalties.
Subscription. Subscription gross profit increased by $10.7 million, or 35%, for the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2019. The increase in gross profit was the result of growth in subscription revenue, as described above, while gross margin remained materially consistent with prior period.
Subscription gross profit increased by $29.9 million, or 36%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2019. The increase in gross profit was the result of growth in subscription revenue, as described above, while gross margin remained materially consistent with prior period.
Services and Other. Services and other gross profit decreased by $0.5 million, or 17%, for the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2019. The decrease in gross profit is primarily attributable to the higher partner utilization in our professional services and training organization to support an increasing number of customers, partially offset by increased revenues due to customer growth.
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Services and other gross profit increased by $0.4 million, or 6%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2019. The increase in gross profit is primarily a result of an increase in the number of customers using our consulting and training services, partially offset by higher partner utilization in our professional services and training organization.
Operating Expenses
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019variance $variance %September 30, 2020September 30, 2019variance $variance %
(In thousands, except percentages)
Operating expenses
Research and development$19,314 $14,148 $5,166 37 %$52,775 $40,318 $12,457 31 %
General and administrative8,846 10,192 (1,346)(13)%27,731 27,819 (88)— %
Sales and marketing44,092 33,274 10,818 33 %119,886 99,298 20,588 21 %
Total operating expenses$72,252 $57,614 $14,638 25 %$200,392 $167,435 $32,957 20 %
Research and Development Expenses. Research and development expenses increased by $5.2 million, or 37%, for the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2019. This increase was primarily driven by a $5.0 million increase in employee-based costs primarily consisting of salary related expenses, bonus accrual and stock-based compensation.
Research and development expenses increased by $12.5 million, or 31%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2019. This increase was primarily driven by a $11.1 million increase in employee-based costs primarily consisting of salary related expenses, bonus accrual and stock-based compensation, $0.7 million increase in professional services expense and a $0.7 million increase in software and hosting arrangement expenses.
General and Administrative Expenses. General and administrative expenses decreased by $1.3 million, or 13%, for the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2019. This decrease was primarily driven by a $1.4 million decrease in professional services expense relating primarily to legal fees and consulting fees associated with the issuance and sale of the Notes and Capped Call Transactions (each as defined below) and acquisition related costs in the prior year and a $0.4 million decrease in provision of credit losses, partially offset by a $0.7 million increase in software maintenance and subscription expenses.
General and administrative expenses decreased by $0.1 million, or 0%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2019. This decrease was primarily driven by a $2.9 million decrease in professional services expense relating primarily to legal fees and consulting fees associated with the issuance and sale of the Notes and Capped Call Transactions and acquisition related costs in the prior year, offset by a $2.3 million increase in software maintenance and subscription expenses and a $0.7 million increase in general and administrative headcount and related allocated overhead expenses.
Sales and Marketing Expenses. Sales and marketing expenses increased by $10.8 million, or 33%, for the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2019. This increase was primarily driven by a $10.9 million increase in employee-based costs primarily consists of salary related expenses, commissions, bonus accrual and stock-based compensation, a $1.6 million increase in professional services expense relating primarily to staff augmentation and advisory services and a $0.5 million increase in software and hosting arrangement expenses, partially offset by a $2.1 million decrease in travel expense due to COVID-19 related limitations.
Sales and Marketing Expenses. Sales and marketing expenses increased by $20.6 million, or 21%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2019. This increase was primarily driven by a $23.6 million increase in employee-based costs primarily consists of salary related expenses, commissions, bonus accrual and stock-based compensation, a $1.2 million increase in professional services expense relating primarily to staff augmentation and advisory services and a $1.0 million increase in software and hosting arrangement expenses, partially offset by a $4.4 million decrease in travel expense and a $0.7 million decrease in events expense, both due to COVID-19 related limitations.
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Interest Income and Interest Expense 
Interest Income
Interest income decreased by $0.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2019. This decrease was primarily due to a significant decrease in interest rates earned on our money market accounts, offset by the increase in our cash balance.
Interest income increased by $0.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2019. This increase was due to interest income earned on our money market accounts, primarily during the first quarter of 2020, in which we have invested a significant portion of the net proceeds from the Notes issuance in the third quarter of 2019.
Interest Expense
Interest expense increased by $4.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2019. This increase was primarily due to $4.1 million of amortization of debt discount and $0.3 million of debt issuance costs related to the Notes for the three months ended September 30, 2020.
Interest expense increased by $13.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2019. This increase was primarily due to $12.1 million of amortization of debt discount and $1.0 million of debt issuance costs related to the Notes for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.
Income Tax Benefit
The Company recorded an income tax benefit of approximately $2.4 million and $2.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, leading to a net benefit of $0.2 million year-over-year. The Company maintains a full valuation allowance for our Israel tax position due the lack of taxable earnings for the foreseeable future.
Our income tax rate varies from the federal statutory rate due to the valuation allowances on certain foreign deferred tax assets, regulations and interpretations in multiple jurisdictions in which we operate; unanticipated changes in tax rates; and differences in accounting and tax treatment of our stock-based compensation, foreign withholding taxes and research and development credits. We expect this fluctuation in income tax rates, as well as its potential impact on our results of operations, to continue.
We operate in several tax jurisdictions and are subject to taxes in each country or jurisdiction in which we conduct business. Earnings from our non-U.S. activities are subject to local country income tax and may be subject to U.S. income tax if such earnings are distributed to the U.S. With the exception of 2018 and 2019, we have incurred net operating losses for federal income tax purposes each year since our inception. We have since begun to utilize some of our net operating losses for federal income tax purposes. Thus, our tax expense to date relates primarily to state as well as foreign income taxes. The effective tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 is 78.3% and 28.5%, respectively, compared to (249.3)% and 13.9% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019. The main drivers for the differences in the rates from the prior period to the current period are related to differences in forecasted pre-tax book income, the impact of stock compensation, an increase in foreign tax liabilities and the impact of the research and development ("R&D") credits.
We do not consider the earnings of our foreign subsidiaries, with the exception of India, to be permanently reinvested in foreign jurisdictions. The global intangible low-taxed income (“GILTI”) provisions require the Company to include in its U.S. income tax return foreign subsidiary earnings in excess of an allowable return on the foreign subsidiary’s tangible assets. The Company is currently in a tested loss and does not incur a GILTI tax. In India, we continue to invest and grow our research and development activities and have no plans to repatriate undistributed earning held in India back to the U.S. parent company, and therefore consider earnings in India to be permanently reinvested.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
As of September 30, 2020, we had $483.7 million of cash and cash equivalents (of which $4.7 million is held in our foreign subsidiaries), $75.0 million of availability under the Credit Agreement (as defined below) and $6.0 million in our irrevocable, cash collateralized, unconditional standby letter of credit, issued primarily in connection with our corporate headquarters lease. As of September 30, 2020, we had $253.9 million in net working capital, which we define as current assets less current liabilities, excluding deferred revenue.
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We believe that existing cash and cash equivalents, any positive cash flows from operations and available borrowings under our Credit Agreement will be sufficient to support working capital and capital expenditure requirements for at least the next 12 months. Our future capital requirements will depend on many factors, including our growth rate, the timing and extent of spending to support research and development efforts, the continued expansion of sales and marketing activities, the introduction of new solutions and product enhancements and the continuing market acceptance of our offerings and services. To the extent existing cash and cash equivalents are not sufficient to fund future activities, we may borrow under our Credit Agreement or seek to raise additional funds through equity, equity-linked or debt financings. Any additional equity financing may be dilutive to our existing stockholders. We may enter into agreements or letters of intent with respect to potential investments in, or acquisitions of, complementary businesses, services or technologies, which could also require us to seek additional equity financing, incur indebtedness or use cash resources. As of September 30, 2020, we had no material commitments for capital expenditures.
Since inception, we have financed operations primarily through license fees, maintenance fees, SaaS subscription fees, consulting and training fees, borrowings under our prior credit agreement and, to a lesser degree, the sale of equity securities. Our principal uses of cash are funding operations and capital expenditures. Over the past several years, revenue has increased significantly from year to year and, as a result, cash flows from customer collections have increased. However, operating expenses have also increased as we have invested in growing our business. Our operating cash requirements may increase in the future as we continue to invest in key initiatives to drive the Company’s long-term growth.
Credit Agreement
In March 2019, SailPoint Technologies, Inc., as borrower, and certain of our other wholly owned subsidiaries entered into a credit agreement (as amended, restated, amended and restated, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time through the date hereof, the “Credit Agreement”). In September 2019, the Company amended the Credit Agreement in connection with the issuance and sale of the Notes. Such amendment included a decrease in the commitments for revolving credit loans from an initial $150.0 million to $75.0 million, with a $15.0 million letter of credit sublimit, which amount can be increased or decreased under specified circumstances and is subject to certain financial covenants. Borrowings pursuant to the Credit Agreement may be used for working capital and other general corporate purposes, including for acquisitions permitted under the Credit Agreement.
Borrowings under the Credit Agreement are scheduled to mature in March 11, 2024. We had no outstanding revolving credit loan balance as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019. We were in compliance with all applicable covenants as of September 30, 2020.
See Note 8 “Credit Agreement” in our notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report for more information regarding terms and conditions of the Credit Agreement.
Convertible Senior Notes
In September 2019, we issued $400.0 million aggregate principal amount of 0.125% convertible senior notes due 2024 (the “Notes”), in a private offering to qualified institutional buyers. In connection with the issuance of the Notes and exercise in full of the initial purchasers’ option, the Company used $37.1 million of the net proceeds to pay the cost of the privately negotiated capped call transactions (the “Capped Call Transactions”).
As of September 30, 2020, the Notes are convertible at the option of the holders. We have the ability to settle the Notes in cash, shares of our common stock, or a combination of cash and shares of our common stock at our own election. It is our current intent to settle conversions of the Notes through combination settlement, which involves repayment of the principal portion in cash and any excess of the conversion value over the principal amount in shares of our common stock.
In conjunction with the issuance of the Notes, we entered into the Capped Call Transactions to reduce our exposure to additional cash payments above principal balances in the event of a cash conversion of the Notes. We may owe additional cash to the holders of the Notes upon early conversion if our stock price exceeds $41.34 per share, which is subject to certain adjustments. Although our incremental exposure to the additional cash payment above the principal amount of the Notes is reduced by the capped calls, conversion of the Notes by the holders may cause dilution to the ownership interests of existing stockholders.
See Note 9 “Convertible Senior Notes and Capped Call Transactions” in our notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report for more information regarding terms and conditions of the Notes and Capped Call Transactions.
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Summary of Cash Flows
The following table summarizes our cash flows for the periods presented:
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
(In thousands)
Net cash provided by operating activities$34,406 $39,654 
Net cash used in investing activities(2,416)(5,075)
Net cash provided by financing activities7,944 358,834 
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$39,934 $393,413 
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, cash provided by operating activities was $34.4 million, which consisted of net loss of $6.1 million, adjusted by non-cash charges of $58.3 million and a net decrease of $17.9 million in our operating assets and liabilities. The non-cash charges are primarily comprised of depreciation and amortization of $13.8 million, amortization of debt discount and issuance costs of $13.3 million, amortization of contract acquisition costs of $10.1 million, provision for credit losses of $0.4 million, stock-based compensation of $21.2 million, a net decrease in operating leases of $0.3 million and a net decrease in deferred taxes of $0.1 million. The decrease in our net operating assets and liabilities was $17.9 million as a result of an increase in prepayments and other assets and a change in income taxes payable to income taxes receivable, partially offset by a decrease in accounts receivable due to the timing of receipts of payments from customers, an increase in accounts payable due to timing of cash disbursements, an increase in accrued expenses and other liabilities due primarily to accrual of additional bonuses and withholdings of employee stock purchase plan contributions, and an increase in deferred revenue due to the timing of billings and cash received in advance of revenue recognition primarily for subscription and support services.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, cash provided by operating activities was $39.7 million, which consisted of net loss of $13.9 million, adjusted by non-cash charges of $32.9 million and a net increase of $20.7 million in our net operating assets and liabilities. The non-cash charges are primarily comprised of depreciation and amortization of $10.6 million, amortization of debt discount and issuance costs of $0.4 million, amortization of contract acquisition costs of $7.3 million, bad debt expense of $0.2 million, stock-based compensation of $14.1 million and a net increase in operating leases of $0.3 million. The increase in our net operating assets and liabilities was $20.7 million as a result of a decrease in accounts receivable due to the timing of receipts of payments from customers, an increase in deferred revenue due to the timing of billings and cash received in advance of revenue recognition primarily for subscription and support services and an increase in accrued expenses and other liabilities due primarily to accrual of additional commissions and bonuses, partially offset by an increase in prepayments and other assets due to increases in deferred contract acquisition costs and contract assets, a decrease in accounts payable due to timing of cash disbursements and a change in income taxes payable to income taxes receivable.
Cash Flows from Investing Activities
During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, cash used in investing activities was $2.4 million, consisting primarily of purchases of property and equipment.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, cash used in investing activities was $5.1 million, consisting primarily of purchases of property and equipment.
Cash Flows from Financing Activities
During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, cash provided by financing activities was $7.9 million, consisting of $4.9 million of proceeds from exercise of stock options and $3.5 million of proceeds from issuance of equity related to shares issued pursuant to our Employee Stock Purchase Plan, partially offset by $0.4 million in vesting of restricted stock units, primarily related to tax payments funded in the form of net issuances for certain executive officers.
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During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, cash provided by financing activities was $358.8 million, consisting of $400.0 million of proceeds from issuance of the Notes, $2.6 million of proceeds from exercise of stock options and $2.9 million of proceeds from issuance of equity related to shares issued pursuant to our Employee Stock Purchase Plan, partially offset by payments of debt issuance costs of $9.6 million associated with the Credit Agreement and issuance of the Notes and $37.1 million of purchases of capped calls associated with the issuance of the Notes.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We have not entered into any off-balance sheet arrangements and do not have any holdings in variable interest entities, which includes special purposes entities and other structured finance entities.
Contractual Obligations and Commitments
There have been no material changes outside the ordinary course of business in our contractual obligations and commitments during the nine months ended September 30, 2020, as compared to the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with GAAP. The preparation of these financial statements requires our management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, costs, and expenses and related disclosures. Our estimates are based on our historical experience and on various other factors that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these judgments and estimates under different assumptions or conditions and any such differences may be material. To the extent that there are differences between our estimates and actual results, our future financial statement presentation, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows will be affected.
We believe that the accounting policies associated with revenue recognition, the valuation allowance based on expected credit losses and the collectability of accounts receivable, valuation and estimated useful lives of long-lived assets, fair value of the liability and equity components of the Notes, stock-based compensation expense and income taxes are the most significant areas involving management's judgments and estimates. Therefore, these are considered to be our critical accounting policies and estimates.
Except for the adoption of ASU 2016-13, see “Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates” within “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Part II, Item 7 of the Annual Report for a full discussion of these estimates and policies. See Note 1 “Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” and Note 3 “Allowance for Expected Credit Losses” in our notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report for more information on the adoption of ASU 2016-13.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
See Note 1 “Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” in our notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report for a description of recent accounting pronouncements, including the dates of adoption and estimated effects on our results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
For a description of market risks, see “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk” in Part II, Item 7A of the Annual Report. Our exposure to market risks related to inflation risk has not changed materially from the exposure described in the Annual Report.
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Interest Rate Risk
We had cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash of $490.1 million as of September 30, 2020, which are held in cash deposits and money market funds. Due to the short-term nature of these instruments, we believe that we do not have material risk of exposure to changes in the fair value of our cash and cash equivalents as a result of changes in interest rates. As of September 30, 2020, we do not believe a hypothetical 10% relative change in interest rates would have a material impact on the value of our cash equivalents.
We did not have any investments in marketable securities as of September 30, 2020.
In September 2019, we issued and sold $400.0 million aggregate principal amount of 0.125% convertible senior notes due 2024 in a private offering to qualified institutional buyers. The fair value of the Notes is subject to interest rate risk, market risk and other factors due to the conversion feature. The fair value of the Notes will generally increase as our common stock price increases and will generally decrease as our common stock price decreases. The interest and market value changes affect the fair value of the Notes but do not impact our financial position, cash flows or results of operations due to the fixed nature of the debt obligation. Additionally, we carry the Notes at face value less unamortized discount and debt issuance costs on our balance sheets, and we present the fair value for required disclosure purposes only.
Foreign Currency Exchange Risk
Our reporting currency is the U.S. dollar. Due to our international operations, we have foreign currency risk related to operating expenses denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar, primarily the Euro, British pound, Australian dollar, Canadian dollar, Singaporean dollar, Israeli shekel and the Indian rupee. As of September 30, 2020, our cash and cash equivalents included $4.7 million held in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. Decreases in the relative value of the U.S. dollar to other currencies may negatively affect our operating results as expressed in U.S. dollars. These amounts are included in other income (expense), net, on our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations.
Our results of operations and cash flows are subject to fluctuations due to changes in foreign currency exchange rates because, although substantially all of our revenue is generated in U.S. dollars, our expenses are generally denominated in the currencies of the jurisdictions in which we conduct our operations, which are primarily in the United States, Europe and Asia. Our results of operations and cash flows could therefore be adversely affected in the future due to changes in foreign exchange rates. We do not believe that a hypothetical 10% change in the relative value of the U.S. dollar to other currencies would have a material effect on our results of operations or cash flows, and to date, we have not engaged in any hedging strategies with respect to foreign currency transactions. As our international operations grow, we will continue to reassess our approach to manage our risk relating to fluctuations in currency rates, and we may choose to engage in the hedging of foreign currency transactions in the future.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the SEC and to ensure that information required to be disclosed is accumulated and communicated to management, including our Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”), to allow timely decisions regarding disclosure. Our CEO and CFO, with assistance from other members of management, have reviewed the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of September 30, 2020 and, based on their evaluation, have concluded that the disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of such date.
Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over our financial reporting as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act. Our internal control over financial reporting is designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the presentation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
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In connection with the preparation of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, our management assessed the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2020. In making this assessment, it used the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013 framework). Based on such assessment, our management concluded that, as of September 30, 2020, our internal control over financial reporting was effective based on those criteria.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
There were no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(d) and 15d-15(d) during the quarter ended September 30, 2020 that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting. We have not experienced any material impact to our internal controls over financial reporting despite the fact that our employees are working remotely due to the global COVID-19 pandemic. We are continually monitoring and assessing the COVID-19 situation to determine any potential impacts on the design and operating effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting.
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Part II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
We are not currently a party to, nor is our property currently subject to, any material legal proceedings, and we are not aware of any such proceedings contemplated by governmental authorities.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
There have been no material changes to the risk factors disclosed in Part I, Item 1A in the Company’s Annual Report and Part II, Item 1A in the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2020.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
On November 16, 2017, the Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-221036) relating to our initial public offering was declared effective by the SEC and we priced our initial public offering. Pursuant to the Registration Statement, we registered an aggregate of 23.0 million shares of our common stock, of which 15.8 million shares were sold by us and 7.2 million shares were sold by certain selling stockholders named therein at a price to the public of $12.00 per share (for an aggregate offering price of $276.0 million). We received net proceeds of $172.0 million, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions of $13.3 million and offering-related expenses of $4.4 million. As of September 30, 2020, we have used $160.0 million of the proceeds from our initial public offering to repay borrowings under our previous term loan facility and $1.8 million of such proceeds to pay a related prepayment premium; the remaining net proceeds are held in cash and have not been deployed.
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Item 6. Exhibits
Exhibit Index
Exhibit
Number
Description
2.1***
2.2***
3.1
3.2
101.INS*Inline XBRL Instance Document – the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.
101.SCH*
Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
101.CAL*
Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
101.DEF*
Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.
101.LAB*
Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
101.PRE*
Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.
104
Inline Cover Page Interactive Data File (embedded within the Inline XBRL document)
*Filed herewith.
**Furnished herewith (such certification shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act, except to the extent that the Company specifically incorporates it by reference).
***Certain schedules and exhibits have been omitted in accordance with Item 601(a)(5) of Regulation S-K. A copy of any omitted schedule and/or exhibit will be furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission on request.
+Management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.
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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
SailPoint Technologies Holdings, Inc.,
Date: November 5, 2020By:
/s/ Mark McClain
Mark McClain
Chief Executive Officer and Director
(Principal Executive Officer)
Date: November 5, 2020By:
/s/ Jason Ream
Jason Ream
Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer)



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