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MDVA Modiv

Filed: 7 Jul 21, 8:00pm


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 8-K

CURRENT REPORT

Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of
The Securities Exchange Act of 1934

Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): July 7, 2021

Modiv Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Maryland000-5577647-4156046
(State or other jurisdiction(Commission(I.R.S. Employer
of incorporation)File Number)Identification No.)

120 Newport Center Drive
Newport Beach, California92660
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (888) 686-6348

None
(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:
¨Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
¨Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
¨Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
¨Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
None None None

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).

Emerging growth company x

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. x




Item 5.03.Amendments to Articles of Incorporation or Bylaws; Change in Fiscal Year

Articles of Amendment and Restatement

On July 7, 2021, Modiv Inc. (the “ Company”) filed Articles of Amendment and Restatement (the “Articles”) with the Maryland State Department of Assessments and Taxation. As discussed in the proxy statement for the Company’s 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders (the “Annual Meeting”), as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 21, 2021, and as approved by the stockholders at the Annual Meeting on June 30, 2021, the Articles amended the Company’s charter to (a) remove or revise certain limitations required by the North American Securities Administrators Association and revise or make other conforming and ministerial changes, (b) revise the charter to bring it more in line with those of publicly-listed companies; (c) revise the charter to permit a 13th dividend based on the number of days shares of common stock have been held by the stockholder; and (d) revise the charter to permit redemptions of accounts with de minimis holdings.

The foregoing summary of the Articles is qualified in its entirety by reference to the Articles, which are filed as Exhibit 3.1 to this Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated by reference herein.

Item 9.01.Financial Statements and Exhibits.

(d)    Exhibits





SIGNATURE

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

MODIV INC.
(Registrant) 
By:/s/ RAYMOND J. PACINI
Name:Raymond J. Pacini
Title:Chief Financial Officer

Date: July 7, 2021




Exhibit 3.1

MODIV INC.
ARTICLES OF AMENDMENT AND RESTATEMENT
FIRST: Modiv Inc., a Maryland corporation (the “Corporation”), desires to amend and restate its charter as currently in effect and as hereinafter amended.
SECOND: The following provisions are all the provisions of the charter currently in effect and as hereinafter amended:
ARTICLE 1
NAME
The name of the corporation (the “Corporation”) is Modiv Inc.
ARTICLE 2
PURPOSES
The purposes for which the Corporation is formed are to engage in any lawful act or activity, including, without limitation or obligation, engaging in business as a real estate investment trust under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or as any successor statute (the “Code”), for which corporations may be organized under the general laws of the State of Maryland as now or hereafter in force. As used herein, “REIT” means a real estate investment trust under Sections 856 through 860 of the Code.
ARTICLE 3
DEFINITIONS
3.1 Definitions. The following words and terms, when used in the Charter, shall have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
Aggregate Share Ownership Limit. 9.8% in value of the aggregate of the outstanding Shares, or such other percentage determined by the Board of Directors in accordance with Section 6.5.8 herein.
Beneficial Ownership. Ownership of Shares by a Person, whether the interest in Shares is held directly or indirectly (including by a nominee), and shall include interests that would be treated as owned through the application of Section 544 of the Code, as modified by Section 856(h)(1)(B) of the Code. The terms “Beneficial Owner,” “Beneficially Owns” and “Beneficially Owned” shall have the correlative meanings.
Board of Directors. The Board of Directors of the Corporation.
Business Day. Any day, other than a Saturday or Sunday, that is neither a legal holiday nor a day on which banking institutions in New York City are authorized or required by law, regulation or executive order to close.
Bylaws. The Bylaws of the Corporation, as the same are in effect from time to time.
Charitable Beneficiary. One or more beneficiaries of the Charitable Trust as determined pursuant to Section 6.5.10(f), provided that each such organization must be described in Section 501(c)(3) of the Code and contributions to each such organization must be eligible for deduction under each of Sections 170(b)(1)(A), 2055 and 2522 of the Code.
Charitable Trust. Any trust provided for in Section 6.5.10.
Charitable Trustee. The Person unaffiliated with the Corporation and a Prohibited Owner that is appointed by the Corporation to serve as Trustee of the Charitable Trust.
Charter. The charter of the Corporation.
Class C Common Shares. Has the meaning as provided in Section 6.1.
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Class S Common Shares. Has the meaning as provided in Section 6.1.
Code. Has the meaning as provided in Article 2.
Common Shares. Has the meaning as provided in Section 6.1.
Common Share Ownership Limit. 9.8% (in value or in number of Common Shares, whichever is more restrictive) of the aggregate of the outstanding Common Shares, or such other percentage determined by the Board of Directors in accordance with Section 6.5.8.
Constructive Ownership. Ownership of Shares by a Person, whether the interest in Shares is held directly or indirectly (including by a nominee), and shall include interests that would be treated as owned through the application of Section 318(a) of the Code, as modified by Section 856(d)(5) of the Code. The terms “Constructive Owner,” “Constructively Owns” and “Constructively Owned” shall have the correlative meanings.
Director(s). The member(s) of the Board of Directors.
Distributions. Any distributions (as such term is defined in Section 2-301 of the MGCL) by the Corporation to owners of Common Shares or Preferred Shares, including distributions that may constitute a return of capital for federal income tax purposes.
Excepted Holder. A Shareholder for whom an Excepted Holder Limit is created by the Board of Directors pursuant to Section 6.5.7.
Excepted Holder Limit. Provided that the affected Excepted Holder agrees to comply with the requirements established by the Board of Directors pursuant to Section 6.5.7 and subject to adjustment pursuant to Section 6.5.7, the percentage limit established by the Board of Directors pursuant to Section 6.5.7.
Exchange Act. The Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
Market Price. On any date shall mean, with respect to any class or series of outstanding Shares, the Closing Price for such Shares on such date. The “Closing Price” on any date shall mean the last sale price for such Shares, regular way, or, in case no such sale takes place on such day, the average of the closing bid and asked prices, regular way, for such Shares, in either case as reported in the principal consolidated transaction reporting system with respect to securities listed or admitted to trading on the NYSE or, if such Shares are not listed or admitted to trading on the NYSE, as reported on the principal consolidated transaction reporting system with respect to securities listed on the principal national securities exchange on which such Shares are listed or admitted to trading or, if such Shares are not listed or admitted to trading on any national securities exchange, the last quoted price or, if not so quoted, the average of the high bid and low asked prices in the over-the-counter market, as reported by the principal automated quotation system that may then be in use or, if such Shares are not quoted by any such system, the average of the closing bid and asked prices as furnished by a professional market maker making a market in such Shares selected by the Board of Directors or, in the event that no trading price is available for such Shares, the fair market value of Shares, as determined by the Board of Directors.
MGCL. The Maryland General Corporation Law.
Net Asset Value Per Share of Class C Common Shares. The net asset value of the Corporation allocable to the Class C Common Shares, determined as described in the Corporation’s periodic filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, divided by the number of outstanding shares of Class C Common Shares.
Net Asset Value Per Share of Class S Common Shares. The net asset value of the Corporation allocable to the Class S Common Shares, determined as described in the Corporation’s periodic filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, divided by the number of outstanding shares of Class S Common Shares.
Non-Compliant Tender Offer. Has the meaning as provided in Section 6.7.
NYSE. The New York Stock Exchange.
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Person. An individual, corporation, partnership, estate, trust (including a trust qualified under Sections 401(a) or 501(c)(17) of the Code), a portion of a trust permanently set aside for or to be used exclusively for the purposes described in Section 642(c) of the Code, association, private foundation within the meaning of Section 509(a) of the Code, joint stock company or other entity and also includes a group as that term is used for purposes of Section 13(d)(3) of the Exchange Act and a group to which an Excepted Holder Limit applies.
Preferred Shares. Has the meaning as provided in Section 6.1.
Prohibited Owner. Shall mean, with respect to any purported Transfer, any Person who, but for the provisions of Section 6.5, would Beneficially Own or Constructively Own Shares in violation of Section 6.5.1(a), and, if appropriate in the context, shall also mean any Person who would have been the record owner of Shares that the Prohibited Owner would have so owned.
Restriction Termination Date. The first day on which the Board of Directors determines that it is no longer in the best interests of the Corporation to attempt to, or continue to, qualify as a REIT or that compliance with any or all of the restrictions and limitations on Beneficial Ownership, Constructive Ownership and Transfers of Shares set forth herein is no longer required in order for the Corporation to qualify as a REIT.
Shareholders. The holders of the Shares.
Shares. Shares of stock of the Corporation of any class or series, including Common Shares or Preferred Shares.
Transfer. Any issuance, sale, transfer, gift, assignment, devise or other disposition, as well as any other event that causes any Person to acquire Beneficial Ownership or Constructive Ownership of Shares or the right to vote or receive dividends on Shares, or any agreement to take any such actions or cause any such events, including (i) the granting or exercise of any option (or any disposition of any option), (ii) any disposition of any securities or rights convertible into or exchangeable for Shares or any interest in Shares or any exercise of any such conversion or exchange right and (iii) Transfers of interests in other entities that result in changes in Beneficial Ownership or Constructive Ownership of Shares; in each case, whether voluntary or involuntary, whether owned of record, Constructively Owned or Beneficially Owned and whether by operation of law or otherwise. The terms “Transferring” and “Transferred” shall have the correlative meanings.
ARTICLE 4
PRINCIPAL OFFICE AND RESIDENT AGENT
The address of the principal office of the Corporation in the State of Maryland is c/o 245 W Chase St., Baltimore MD 21201. The name of the resident agent of the Corporation in the State of Maryland is Corp2000, Inc. and its address is 245 W Chase St., Baltimore MD 21201. The resident agent is a Maryland corporation.
ARTICLE 5
PROVISIONS FOR DEFINING, LIMITING AND REGULATING CERTAIN POWERS
OF THE CORPORATION AND OF THE SHAREHOLDERS AND DIRECTORS
5.1 Number of Directors. The business and affairs of the Corporation shall be managed under the direction of the Board of Directors. The number of Directors of the Corporation is currently seven (7), which number may be increased or decreased from time to time in such a manner as may be prescribed by the Bylaws, but in no event shall there be fewer than the minimum number required by the MGCL. The Corporation elects pursuant to Section 3-804(c) of the MGCL that, except as may be provided by the Board of Directors in setting the terms of any class or series of Preferred Shares, any and all vacancies on the Board of Directors may be filled only by the affirmative vote of a majority of the remaining Directors in office, even if the remaining Directors do not constitute a quorum, and any Director elected to fill a vacancy shall serve for the remainder of the full term of the directorship in which such vacancy occurred and until his or her successor is duly elected and qualifies. The names of the current Directors who shall serve until their successors are duly elected and qualify are:
Aaron S. Halfacre
Raymond E. Wirta
Adam Markman
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Curtis B. McWilliams
Thomas H. Nolan, Jr.
Jeffrey Randolph
Joe F. Hanauer
5.2 Authorization by Board of Stock Issuance. The Board of Directors may authorize the issuance from time to time of shares of stock of the Corporation of any class or series, whether now or hereafter authorized, or securities or rights convertible into shares of its stock of any class or series, whether now or hereafter authorized, for such consideration as the Board of Directors may deem advisable (or without consideration in the case of a stock split or stock dividend), subject to such restrictions or limitations, if any, as may be set forth in the Charter or the Bylaws.
5.3 Preemptive Rights and Appraisal Rights. Except as may be provided by the Board of Directors in setting the terms of classified or reclassified shares of stock pursuant to Section 6.1.3 or as may otherwise be provided by a contract approved by the Board of Directors, no holder of shares of stock of the Corporation shall, as such holder, have any preemptive right to purchase or subscribe for any additional shares of stock of the Corporation or any other security of the Corporation which it may issue or sell. Holders of shares of stock shall not be entitled to exercise any rights of an objecting stockholder provided for under Title 3, Subtitle 2 of the MGCL or any successor statute unless the Board of Directors, upon the affirmative vote of a majority of the Board of Directors and upon such terms and conditions as may be specified by the Board of Directors, shall determine that such rights apply, with respect to all or any classes or series of stock, to one or more transactions occurring after the date of such determination in connection with which holders of such shares would otherwise be entitled to exercise such rights.
5.4 Liability Limitation and Indemnification.
5.4.1 Limitation of Shareholder Liability. No Shareholder shall be liable for any debt, claim, demand, judgment or obligation of any kind of, against or with respect to the Corporation by reason of his being a Shareholder, nor shall any Shareholder be subject to any personal liability whatsoever, in tort, contract or otherwise, to any Person in connection with the assets or the affairs of the Corporation by reason of his being a Shareholder.
5.4.2 Limitation of Director and Officer Liability. To the maximum extent that Maryland law in effect from time to time permits limitation of the liability of directors and officers of a corporation, no present or former Director or officer of the Corporation shall be liable to the Corporation or its Shareholders for money damages. Neither the amendment nor repeal of this Section 5.4.2, nor the adoption or amendment of any other provision of the Charter or Bylaws inconsistent with this Section 5.4.2, shall apply to or affect in any respect the applicability of the preceding sentence with respect to any act or failure to act which occurred prior to such amendment, repeal or adoption.
5.4.3 Indemnification. To the maximum extent permitted by Maryland law in effect from time to time, the Corporation shall indemnify and, without requiring a preliminary determination of the ultimate entitlement to indemnification, pay or reimburse reasonable expenses in advance of final disposition of a proceeding to (i) any individual who is a present or former Director or officer of the Corporation and who is made or threatened to be made a party to the proceeding by reason of his or her service in that capacity or (ii) any individual who, while a Director or officer of the Corporation and at the request of the Corporation, serves or has served as a director, officer, partner, member, manager or trustee of another corporation, real estate investment trust, partnership, limited liability company, joint venture, trust, employee benefit plan or other enterprise and who is made or threatened to be made a party to the proceeding by reason of his or her service in that capacity. The rights to indemnification and advance of expenses provided to a Director or officer hereby shall vest immediately upon election of such Director or officer. The Corporation may, with the approval of the Board of Directors, provide such indemnification and advance for expenses to a Person who served a predecessor of the Corporation in any of the capacities described in (i) or (ii) above and to any employee or agent of the Corporation or a predecessor of the Corporation. The Board of Directors may take such action as is necessary to carry out this Section 5.4.3. Neither the amendment nor repeal of this Section 5.4.3, nor the adoption or amendment of any other provision of the Charter or the Bylaws inconsistent with this Section 5.4.3, shall limit or eliminate the right of indemnification provided hereunder with respect to acts or omissions occurring prior to such amendment, repeal or adoption. The indemnification and payment or reimbursement of expenses provided herein shall not be deemed exclusive of or limit in any way other rights to which any person seeking indemnification or payment or reimbursement of expenses may be or may become entitled under any bylaw, resolution, insurance, agreement or otherwise.
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5.5 Determinations by Board. The determination as to any of the following matters, made by or pursuant to the direction of the Board of Directors consistent with the Charter, shall be final and conclusive and shall be binding upon the Corporation and every holder of Shares: (a) the amount of the net income for any period and the amount of assets at any time legally available for the payment of dividends, redemption of Shares or the payment of other Distributions on Shares; (b) the amount of paid‑in surplus, net assets, other surplus, annual or other cash flow, funds from operations, net profit, net assets in excess of capital, undivided profits or excess of profits over losses on sales of assets; (c) the amount, purpose, time of creation, increase or decrease, alteration or cancellation of any reserves or charges and the propriety thereof (whether or not any obligation or liability for which such reserves or charges shall have been created shall have been paid or discharged); (d) any interpretation or resolution of any ambiguity with respect to any provision of the Charter (including any of the terms, preferences, conversion or other rights, voting powers or rights, restrictions, limitations as to dividends or other Distributions, qualifications or terms or conditions of redemption of any shares of any class or series of Shares) or of the Bylaws; (e) the fair value, or any sale, bid or asked price to be applied in determining the fair value, of any asset owned or held by the Corporation or any Shares; (f) the number of Shares of any class of the Corporation; (g) any matter relating to the acquisition, holding and disposition of any assets by the Corporation; (h) any interpretation of the terms and conditions of one or more agreements with any Person; or (i) any other matter relating to the business and affairs of the Corporation or required or permitted by applicable law, the Charter or Bylaws or otherwise to be determined by the Board of Directors; provided, however, that any determination by the Board of Directors as to any of the preceding matters shall not render invalid or improper any action taken or omitted prior to such determination and no Director shall be liable for making or failing to make such a determination.
5.6 REIT Qualification. The Board of Directors shall use its reasonable best efforts to take such actions as are necessary or appropriate to preserve the status of the Corporation as a REIT; however, if the Board of Directors determines that it is no longer in the best interests of the Corporation to continue to be qualified as a REIT, the Board of Directors may revoke or otherwise terminate the Corporation’s REIT election pursuant to Section 856(g) of the Code. The Board of Directors, in its sole and absolute discretion, also may (a) determine that compliance with any restriction or limitation on stock ownership and transfers set forth in Section 6.5 is no longer required for REIT qualification and (b) make any other determination or take any other action pursuant to Article 6.
5.7 Removal of Directors. Subject to the rights of holders of one or more classes or series of Preferred Shares to elect or remove one or more Directors, any Director, or the entire Board of Directors, may be removed from office at any time, but only for cause and then only by the affirmative vote of at least a majority of the votes entitled to be cast generally in the election of Directors. For the purpose of this paragraph, “cause” shall mean, with respect to any particular director, conviction of a felony or a final judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction holding that such director caused demonstrable, material harm to the Corporation through bad faith or active and deliberate dishonesty.
5.8 Extraordinary Actions. Notwithstanding any provision of law requiring any action to be taken or approved by the affirmative vote of the holders of Shares entitled to cast a greater number of votes, any such action shall be effective and valid if declared advisable by the Board of Directors and taken or approved by the affirmative vote of holders of Shares entitled to cast a majority of all the votes entitled to be cast on the matter.
ARTICLE 6
STOCK
6.1 Authorized Shares. The Corporation has authority to issue 450,000,000 shares of stock, consisting of 400,000,000 shares of common stock, $0.001 par value per share (“Common Shares”), 300,000,000 of which are classified as Class C Common Shares (“Class C Common Shares”) and 100,000,000 of which are classified as Class S Common Shares (“Class S Common Shares”), and 50,000,000 shares of preferred stock, $0.001 par value per share (“Preferred Shares”). The aggregate par value of all authorized shares of stock having par value is $450,000.00. If shares of one class of stock are classified or reclassified into shares of another class of stock pursuant to this Article 6, the number of authorized shares of the former class shall be automatically decreased and the number of shares of the latter class shall be automatically increased, in each case by the number of shares so classified or reclassified, so that the aggregate number of shares of stock of all classes that the Corporation has authority to issue shall not be more than the total number of shares of stock set forth in the first sentence of this paragraph. The Board of Directors, with the approval of a majority of the entire Board of Directors and without any action by the Shareholders of the Corporation, may amend the Charter from time to time to increase or decrease the aggregate number of shares of stock or the number of shares of stock of any class or series that the Corporation has authority to issue. Upon payment of consideration for and issuance of any shares of stock, such shares shall be non-assessable.
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6.1.1 Common Shares.
(a)    General. Subject to the provisions of this Article 6 and except as may otherwise be specified in the Charter, each Common Share shall entitle the holder thereof to one vote. The Board of Directors may classify or reclassify any unissued Common Shares from time to time into one or more classes or series of stock.
(b)    Common Shares Subject to Terms of Preferred Shares. The Common Shares shall be subject to the express terms of any series of Preferred Shares.
(c)    Rights Upon Liquidation. In the event of any voluntary or involuntary liquidation, dissolution, or winding up, or any distribution of the assets of the Corporation, (a) the holder of each Class C Common Share shall be entitled to be paid, out of the assets of the Corporation that are legally available for distribution to the Shareholders, a liquidation payment equal to the Net Asset Value Per Share of Class C Common Share; and (b) the holder of each Class S Common Share shall be entitled to be paid, out of the assets of the Corporation that are legally available for distribution to the Shareholders, a liquidation payment equal to the Net Asset Value Per Share of Class S Common Share.
(d)    Voting Rights. Except as may be provided otherwise in the Charter, and subject to the express terms of any class or series of Preferred Shares, each holder of a Common Share shall vote together with the holders of all other Common Shares, as a single class on all actions to be taken by the holders of Common Shares, and the holders of Common Shares shall have the exclusive right to vote on all matters (as to which a holder of Common Shares shall be entitled to vote pursuant to applicable law) at all meetings of the Shareholders; provided, however, that with respect to any matter that would alter only the contract rights of a particular class of Common Shares, only the holders of such affected class of Common Shares shall have the right to vote on such matter.
(e)    Conversion Upon Listing. In connection with the listing of a class of Common Shares for trading on a national securities exchange, each Share of any class of Common Shares that is not so listed shall automatically and without any action on the part of the holder thereof convert into a number of Shares of the listed class of Common Shares equal to a fraction, the numerator of which is the net asset value of the Corporation allocable to each Share of the applicable non-listed class of Common Shares and the denominator of which is the net asset value of the Corporation allocable to each Share of the listed class of Common Shares.
(f)    Distributions/Redemption. Holders of the then outstanding Common Shares shall be entitled to receive, when and as authorized by the Board of Directors and declared by the Corporation, out of funds legally available for the payment thereof, dividends and other Distributions. Dividends and other Distributions shall be made with respect to the Class C Common Shares and Class S Common Shares at the same time.
(i)    The dividends and other Distributions with respect to Class C Common Shares may vary from dividends and other distributions with respect to each other class of stock of the Corporation to reflect, among other things, differences among the net asset values per share of each such class or series and to such extent and for such purposes as the Board of Directors may deem appropriate. The dividends and other Distributions with respect to Class C Common Shares may vary among the holders of Class C Common Shares to account for differences in the fees and expenses that may be payable to selling agents with respect to such Class C Common Shares.
(ii)    The dividends and other Distributions with respect to Class S Common Shares may vary from dividends and other distributions with respect to each other class of stock of the Corporation to reflect, among other things, differences among the net asset values per share of each such class or series and to such extent and for such purposes as the Board of Directors may deem appropriate. The dividends and other Distributions with respect to Class S Common Shares may vary among the holders of Class S Common Shares to account for differences in the fees and expenses that may be payable to selling agents with respect to such Class S Common Shares.
(iii)    The Board of Directors may authorize and the Corporation may declare and pay an additional Distribution (an “Additional Distribution”) with respect to the Common Shares if the Corporation’s adjusted funds from operations exceeds 100% of Distributions declared during the fiscal year (the “Distribution Fiscal Year”). The Additional Distribution may vary among the holder of Common Shares as follows: The amount of Additional Distribution shall be based on the number of outstanding Common Shares held by the Shareholder on the record date for the payment of such Additional Distribution with the amount of the Additional Distribution payable with respect to each Common Share determined using the following formula: (i) the amount of the Additional Distribution divided by 365 days multiplied by (ii) the number of days such
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Common Share was held by such Shareholder during the Distribution Fiscal Year; provided further that Shareholders will be eligible for any Additional Distribution authorized by the Board of Directors only with respect to the Common Shares held by such Shareholder on the record date set by the Board of Directors for the payment of the Additional Distribution. The Board of Directors may authorize and the Corporation may declare and pay the Additional Distribution subsequent to the Distribution Fiscal Year.
(iv)    The Board of Directors may cause the Corporation to redeem at net asset value all of the outstanding Common Shares from a holder if the aggregate net asset value of all Common Shares held by such Shareholder is, as of the date of the redemption, $1,000 or less. The price to be paid for the Common Shares redeemed pursuant to this Section 6.1.1(f), shall be the aggregate net asset value of the Common Shares at the close of business on the redemption date. Except for the right to receive payment of the redemption price, the Shareholder shall cease to have any rights as a Shareholder on the date of redemption.
6.1.2 Preferred Shares. The Board of Directors may approve the issuance of Preferred Shares and classify any unissued shares of Preferred Shares and reclassify any previously classified but unissued shares of Preferred Shares of any series from time to time, into one or more classes or series of stock.
6.1.3 Classified or Reclassified Shares. Prior to the issuance of classified or reclassified shares of any class or series of stock, the Board of Directors by resolution shall: (a) designate that class or series to distinguish it from all other classes and series of stock of the Corporation; (b) specify the number of shares to be included in the class or series; (c) set or change, subject to the provisions of this Article 6 and subject to the express terms of any class or series of stock of the Corporation outstanding at the time, the preferences, conversion or other rights, voting powers, restrictions (including, without limitation, restrictions on transferability), limitations as to dividends or other Distributions, qualifications and terms and conditions of redemption for each class or series; and (d) cause the Corporation to file articles supplementary with the State Department of Assessments and Taxation of Maryland (the “SDAT”). Any of the terms of any class or series of stock set or changed pursuant to clause (c) of this Section 6.1.3 may be made dependent upon facts or events ascertainable outside the Charter (including determinations by the Board of Directors or other facts or events within the control of the Corporation) and may vary among holders thereof, provided that the manner in which such facts, events or variations shall operate upon the terms of such class or series of stock is clearly and expressly set forth in the articles supplementary or other charter document filed with the SDAT.
6.2 Issuance of Shares Without Certificates. Unless otherwise provided by the Board of Directors, the Corporation shall not issue stock certificates. The Corporation shall continue to treat the holder of uncertificated capital stock registered on its stock ledger as the owner of the shares noted therein until the new owner delivers a properly executed form provided by the Corporation for that purpose. With respect to any shares of capital stock that are issued without certificates, information regarding restrictions on the transferability of such shares that would otherwise be required by the MGCL to appear on the stock certificates will instead be furnished to Shareholders upon request and without charge.
6.3 Charter and Bylaws. The rights of all Shareholders and the terms of all shares of capital stock of the Corporation are subject to the provisions of the Charter and the Bylaws.
6.4 Tax on Disqualified Organizations. To the extent that the Corporation incurs any tax pursuant to Section 860E(e)(6) of the Code as the result of any “excess inclusion” income (within the meaning of Section 860E of the Code) of the Corporation allocable to a “disqualified organization” (as defined in Section 860E(e)(5) of the Code) that holds Common Shares or Preferred Shares in record name, the Corporation shall reduce the Distributions payable to any such “disqualified organization” in the manner described in Treasury Regulations Section 1.860E-2(b)(4), by reducing from one or more Distributions to be paid to such Shareholder an amount equal to the tax incurred by the Corporation pursuant to Section 860E(e)(6) as a result of such Shareholder’s stock ownership.
6.5 Restrictions on Ownership and Transfer of Shares.
6.5.1 Ownership Limitations. Prior to the Restriction Termination Date, but subject to Section 5.6:
(a)    Basic Restrictions.
(i)    (1) No Person, other than an Excepted Holder, shall Beneficially Own or Constructively Own Shares in excess of the Aggregate Share Ownership Limit, (2) no Person, other than an Excepted Holder, shall
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Beneficially Own or Constructively Own Common Shares in excess of the Common Share Ownership Limit and (3) no Excepted Holder shall Beneficially Own or Constructively Own Shares in excess of the Excepted Holder Limit for such Excepted Holder.
(ii)    No Person shall Beneficially or Constructively Own Shares to the extent that such Beneficial Ownership or Constructive Ownership of Shares would result in the Corporation being “closely held” within the meaning of Section 856(h) of the Code (without regard to whether the ownership interest is held during the last half of a taxable year), or otherwise failing to qualify as a REIT (including, but not limited to, Beneficial Ownership or Constructive Ownership that would result in the Corporation owning (actually or Constructively) an interest in a tenant that is described in Section 856(d)(2)(B) of the Code if the income derived by the Corporation from such tenant would cause the Corporation to fail to satisfy any of the gross income requirements of Section 856(c) of the Code).
(iii)    Any Transfer of Shares that, if effective, would result in Shares being beneficially owned by fewer than 100 Persons (determined under the principles of Section 856(a)(5) of the Code) shall be void ab initio, and the intended transferee shall acquire no rights in such Shares.
(b)    Transfer in Trust. If any Transfer of Shares occurs which, if effective, would result in any Person Beneficially Owning or Constructively Owning Shares in violation of Section 6.5.1(a)(i) or (ii),
(i)    then that number of Shares the Beneficial Ownership or Constructive Ownership of which otherwise would cause such Person to violate Section 6.5.1(a)(i) or (ii) (rounded up to the nearest whole share) shall be automatically Transferred to a Charitable Trust for the benefit of a Charitable Beneficiary, as described in Section 6.5.10, effective as of the close of business on the Business Day prior to the date of such Transfer, and such Person shall acquire no rights in such Shares; or
(ii)    if the Transfer to the Charitable Trust described in clause (i) of this sentence would not be effective for any reason to prevent the violation of Section 6.5.1(a)(i) or (ii), then the Transfer of that number of Shares that otherwise would cause any Person to violate Section 6.5.1(a)(i) or (ii) shall be void ab initio, and the intended transferee shall acquire no rights in such Shares.
To the extent that, upon a transfer of Shares pursuant to this Section 6.5.1(b), a violation of any provision of this Section 6.5 would nonetheless be continuing (for example where the ownership of Shares by a single Charitable Trust would violate the 100 stockholder requirement applicable to REITs), then Shares shall be transferred to that number of Charitable Trusts, each having a distinct Charitable Trustee and a Charitable Beneficiary or Beneficiaries that are distinct from those of each other Charitable Trust, such that there is no violation of any provision of this Section 6.5.
6.5.2 Remedies for Breach. If the Board of Directors or its designee shall at any time determine that a Transfer or other event has taken place that results in a violation of Section 6.5.1 or that a Person intends to acquire or has attempted to acquire Beneficial Ownership or Constructive Ownership of any Shares in violation of Section 6.5.1 (whether or not such violation is intended), the Board of Directors or its designee shall take such action as it deems advisable to refuse to give effect to or to prevent such Transfer or other event, including, without limitation, causing the Corporation to redeem Shares, refusing to give effect to such Transfer on the books of the Corporation or instituting proceedings to enjoin such Transfer or other event; provided, however, that any Transfers or attempted Transfers or other events in violation of Section 6.5.1 shall automatically result in the Transfer to the Charitable Trust described above, and, where applicable, such Transfer (or other event) shall be void ab initio as provided above irrespective of any action (or non-action) by the Board of Directors or its designee.
6.5.3 Notice of Restricted Transfer. Any Person who acquires or attempts or intends to acquire Beneficial Ownership or Constructive Ownership of Shares that will or may violate Section 6.5.1(a), or any Person who would have owned Shares that resulted in a Transfer to the Charitable Trust pursuant to the provisions of Section 6.5.1(b), shall immediately give written notice to the Corporation of such event, or in the case of such a proposed or attempted transaction, give at least 15 days prior written notice, and shall provide to the Corporation such other information as the Corporation may request in order to determine the effect, if any, of such Transfer on the Corporation’s status as a REIT.
6.5.4 Owners Required To Provide Information. Prior to the Restriction Termination Date:
(a)    every owner of more than five percent (or such lower percentage as required by the Code or the Treasury Regulations promulgated thereunder) of the outstanding Shares, within 30 days after the end of each taxable year, shall give written notice to the Corporation stating the name and address of such owner, the number of Shares Beneficially Owned
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and a description of the manner in which such Shares are held. Each such owner shall provide to the Corporation such additional information as the Corporation may request in order to determine the effect, if any, of such Beneficial Ownership on the Corporation’s status as a REIT and to ensure compliance with the Aggregate Share Ownership Limit, the Common Share Ownership Limit and the other restrictions set forth herein; and
(b)    each Person who is a Beneficial or Constructive Owner of Shares and each Person (including the Shareholder of record) who is holding Shares for a Beneficial or Constructive Owner shall provide to the Corporation such information as the Corporation may request, in order to determine the Corporation’s status as a REIT and to comply with requirements of any taxing authority or governmental authority or to determine such compliance.
6.5.5 Remedies Not Limited. Subject to Section 5.6, nothing contained in this Section 6.5 shall limit the authority of the Board of Directors to take such other action as it deems necessary or advisable to protect the Corporation and the interests of its Shareholders in preserving the Corporation’s status as a REIT.
6.5.6 Ambiguity. In the case of an ambiguity in the application of any of the provisions of this Section 6.5 or any definition contained in Article 3, the Board of Directors may determine the application of the provisions of this Section 6.5 with respect to any situation based on the facts known to it. In the event Section 6.5 requires an action by the Board of Directors and the Charter fails to provide specific guidance with respect to such action, the Board of Directors may determine the action to be taken so long as such action is not contrary to the provisions of Article 3 or Section 6.5. Absent a decision to the contrary by the Board of Directors (which the Board may make in its sole and absolute discretion), if a Person would have (but for the remedies set forth in Section 6.5.2) acquired Beneficial Ownership or Constructive Ownership of Shares in violation of Section 6.5.1, such remedies (as applicable) shall apply first to the Shares which, but for such remedies, would have been Beneficially Owned or Constructively Owned (but not actually owned) by such Person, pro rata among the Persons who actually own such Shares based upon the relative number of the Shares held by each such Person.
6.5.7 Exceptions.
(a)    Subject to Section 6.5.1(a)(ii), the Board of Directors, in its sole and absolute discretion, may exempt (prospectively or retroactively) a Person from the Aggregate Share Ownership Limit and the Common Share Ownership Limit, as the case may be, and may establish or increase an Excepted Holder Limit for such Person if:
(i)    the Board of Directors obtains such representations and undertakings from such Person as are reasonably necessary for the Board to ascertain that no individual’s Beneficial Ownership or Constructive Ownership of such Shares will violate Section 6.5.1(a)(ii);
(ii)    such Person does not and represents that it will not own, actually or Constructively, an interest in a tenant of the Corporation (or a tenant of any entity owned or controlled by the Corporation) that would cause the Corporation to own, actually or Constructively, more than a 9.9% interest (as set forth in Section 856(d)(2)(B) of the Code) in such tenant and the Board of Directors obtains such representations and undertakings from such Person as are reasonably necessary to ascertain this fact (for this purpose, a tenant from whom the Corporation (or an entity owned or controlled by the Corporation) derives (and is expected to continue to derive) a sufficiently small amount of revenue such that, in the judgment of the Board of Directors, rent from such tenant would not adversely affect the Corporation’s ability to qualify as a REIT, shall not be treated as a tenant of the Corporation); and
(iii)    such Person agrees that any violation or attempted violation of such representations or undertakings (or other action which is contrary to the restrictions contained in Sections 6.5.1 through 6.5.6) will result in such Shares being automatically Transferred to a Charitable Trust in accordance with Sections 6.5.1(b) and 6.5.10.
(b)    Prior to granting any exception pursuant to Section 6.5.7(a), the Board of Directors may require a ruling from the Internal Revenue Service, or an opinion of counsel, in either case in form and substance satisfactory to the Board of Directors in its sole discretion, as it may deem necessary or advisable in order to determine or ensure the Corporation’s status as a REIT. Notwithstanding the receipt of any ruling or opinion, the Board of Directors may impose such conditions or restrictions as it deems appropriate in connection with granting such exception.
(c)    Subject to Section 6.5.1(a)(ii), an underwriter which participates in a public offering or a private placement of Shares (or securities convertible into or exchangeable for Shares) may Beneficially Own or Constructively Own Shares (or securities convertible into or exchangeable for Shares) in excess of the Aggregate Share Ownership Limit, the
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Common Share Ownership Limit or both such limits, but only to the extent necessary to facilitate such public offering or private placement.
(d)    The Board of Directors may only reduce the Excepted Holder Limit for an Excepted Holder: (i) with the written consent of such Excepted Holder at any time, or (ii) pursuant to the terms and conditions of the agreements and undertakings entered into with such Excepted Holder in connection with the establishment of the Excepted Holder Limit for that Excepted Holder. No Excepted Holder Limit shall be reduced to a percentage that is less than the Common Share Ownership Limit.
6.5.8 Increase or Decrease in Aggregate Share Ownership and Common Share Ownership Limits. Subject to Section 6.5.1(a)(ii), the Board of Directors may from time to time increase or decrease the Common Share Ownership Limit and the Aggregate Share Ownership Limit for one or more Persons and increase or decrease the Common Share Ownership Limit and the Aggregate Share Ownership Limit for all other Persons. No decreased Common Share Ownership Limit and/or Aggregate Share Ownership Limit will be effective for any Person whose percentage of ownership in Shares is in excess of such decreased Common Share Ownership Limit and/or Aggregate Share Ownership Limit, as applicable, until such time as such Person’s percentage of ownership in Shares equals or falls below the decreased Common Share Ownership Limit and/or Aggregate Share Ownership Limit, but any further acquisition of Shares in excess of such percentage ownership of Shares will be in violation of the Common Share Ownership Limit and/or Aggregate Share Ownership Limit and, provided further, that the new Common Share Ownership Limit and/or Aggregate Share Ownership Limit would not allow five or fewer Persons to Beneficially Own more than 49.9% in value of the outstanding Shares.
6.5.9 Legend. Any certificate representing Shares shall bear substantially the following legend:
The Shares represented by this certificate are subject to restrictions on Beneficial and Constructive Ownership and Transfer for the purpose, among others, of the Corporation’s maintenance of its status as a real estate investment trust (a “REIT”) under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”). Subject to certain further restrictions and except as expressly provided in the Corporation’s charter, (i) no Person may Beneficially or Constructively Own Common Shares in excess of 9.8% (in value or number of Common Shares) of the outstanding Common Shares unless such Person is an Excepted Holder (in which case the Excepted Holder Limit shall be applicable); (ii) no Person may Beneficially or Constructively Own Shares in excess of 9.8% of the value of the total outstanding Shares, unless such Person is an Excepted Holder (in which case the Excepted Holder Limit shall be applicable); (iii) no Person may Beneficially or Constructively Own Shares that would result in the Corporation being “closely held” under Section 856(h) of the Code or otherwise cause the Corporation to fail to qualify as a REIT; and (iv) any Transfer of Shares that, if effective, would result in Shares being beneficially owned by fewer than 100 Persons (as determined under the principles of Section 856(a)(5) of the Code) shall be void ab initio, and the intended transferee shall acquire no rights in such Shares. Any Person who Beneficially or Constructively Owns or attempts to Beneficially or Constructively Own Shares which cause or will cause a Person to Beneficially or Constructively Own Shares in excess or in violation of the above limitations must immediately notify the Corporation in writing (or, in the case of an attempted transaction, give at least 15 days prior written notice). If any of the restrictions on Transfer or ownership as set forth in (i), (ii) or (iii) above are violated, the Shares in excess or in violation of the above limitations will be automatically Transferred to a Charitable Trust for the benefit of one or more Charitable Beneficiaries. In addition, the Corporation may redeem Shares upon the terms and conditions specified by the Board of Directors in its sole discretion if the Board of Directors determines that ownership or a Transfer or other event may violate the restrictions described above. Furthermore, upon the occurrence of certain events, attempted Transfers in violation of the restrictions described in (i), (ii) or (iii) above may be void ab initio. All capitalized terms in this legend have the meanings defined in the Corporation’s charter, as the same may be amended from time to time, a copy of which, including the restrictions on Transfer and ownership, will be furnished to each holder of Shares on request and without charge. Requests for such a copy may be directed to the Secretary of the Corporation at its principal office.
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Instead of the foregoing legend, the certificate may state that the Corporation will furnish a full statement about certain restrictions on transferability to a Shareholder on request and without charge. In the case of uncertificated Shares, the Corporation will send the holder of such Shares, on request and without charge, a written statement of the information otherwise required on certificates.
6.5.10 Transfer of Shares in Trust.
(a)    Ownership in Trust. Upon any purported Transfer or other event described in Section 6.5.1(b) that would result in a Transfer of Shares to a Charitable Trust, such Shares shall be deemed to have been Transferred to the Charitable Trustee as trustee of a Charitable Trust for the exclusive benefit of one or more Charitable Beneficiaries. Such Transfer to the Charitable Trustee shall be deemed to be effective as of the close of business on the Business Day prior to the purported Transfer or other event that results in the Transfer to the Charitable Trust pursuant to Section 6.5.1(b). The Charitable Trustee shall be appointed by the Corporation and shall be a Person unaffiliated with the Corporation and any Prohibited Owner. Each Charitable Beneficiary shall be designated by the Corporation as provided in Section 6.5.10(f).
(b)    Status of Shares Held by the Charitable Trustee. Shares held by the Charitable Trustee shall continue to be issued and outstanding Shares. The Prohibited Owner shall have no rights in the Shares held by the Charitable Trustee. The Prohibited Owner shall not benefit economically from ownership of any Shares held in trust by the Charitable Trustee, shall have no rights to dividends or other Distributions and shall not possess any rights to vote or other rights attributable to the Shares held in the Charitable Trust.
(c)    Dividend and Voting Rights. The Charitable Trustee shall have all voting rights and rights to dividends or other Distributions with respect to Shares held in the Charitable Trust, which rights shall be exercised for the exclusive benefit of the Charitable Beneficiary. Any dividend or other Distribution paid prior to the discovery by the Corporation that Shares have been Transferred to the Charitable Trustee shall be paid by the recipient of such dividend or other Distribution to the Charitable Trustee upon demand and any dividend or other Distribution authorized but unpaid shall be paid when due to the Charitable Trustee. Any dividends or other Distributions so paid over to the Charitable Trustee shall be held in trust for the Charitable Beneficiary. The Prohibited Owner shall have no voting rights with respect to Shares held in the Charitable Trust and, subject to Maryland law, effective as of the date that Shares have been Transferred to the Charitable Trustee, the Charitable Trustee shall have the authority (at the Charitable Trustee’s sole discretion) (a) to rescind as void any vote cast by a Prohibited Owner prior to the discovery by the Corporation that Shares have been Transferred to the Charitable Trustee and (b) to recast such vote in accordance with the desires of the Charitable Trustee acting for the benefit of the Charitable Beneficiary; provided, however, that if the Corporation has already taken irreversible corporate action, then the Charitable Trustee shall not have the authority to rescind and recast such vote. Notwithstanding the provisions of this Section 6.5, until the Corporation has received notification that Shares have been Transferred into a Charitable Trust, the Corporation shall be entitled to rely on its share transfer and other Shareholder records for purposes of preparing lists of Shareholders entitled to vote at meetings, determining the validity and authority of proxies and otherwise conducting votes and determining the other rights of Shareholders.
(d)    Sale of Shares by Charitable Trustee. Within 20 days of receiving notice from the Corporation that Shares have been Transferred to the Charitable Trust, the Charitable Trustee shall sell the Shares held in the Charitable Trust to a Person, designated by the Charitable Trustee, whose ownership of the Shares will not violate the ownership limitations set forth in Section 6.5.1(a). Upon such sale, the interest of the Charitable Beneficiary in the Shares sold shall terminate and the Charitable Trustee shall distribute the net proceeds of the sale to the Prohibited Owner and to the Charitable Beneficiary as provided in this Section 6.5.10(d). The Prohibited Owner shall receive the lesser of (a) the price paid by the Prohibited Owner for the Shares or, if the Prohibited Owner did not give value for the Shares in connection with the event causing the Shares to be held in the Charitable Trust (e.g., in the case of a gift, devise or other such transaction), the Market Price of the Shares on the day of the event causing the Shares to be held in the Charitable Trust and (b) the price per share received by the Charitable Trustee (net of any commissions and other expenses of sale) from the sale or other disposition of the Shares held in the Charitable Trust. The Charitable Trustee may reduce the amount payable to the Prohibited Owner by the amount of dividends and other Distributions which have been paid to the Prohibited Owner and are owed by the Prohibited Owner to the Charitable Trustee pursuant to Section 6.5.10(c). Any net sales proceeds in excess of the amount payable to the Prohibited Owner shall be immediately paid to the Charitable Beneficiary. If, prior to the discovery by the Corporation that Shares have been Transferred to the Charitable Trustee, such Shares are sold by a Prohibited Owner, then (i) such Shares shall be deemed to have been sold on behalf of the Charitable Trust and (ii) to the extent that the Prohibited Owner received an amount for such Shares that exceeds the amount that such Prohibited Owner was entitled to receive pursuant to this Section 6.5.10(d), such excess shall be paid to the Charitable Trustee upon demand.
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(e)    Purchase Right in Shares Transferred to the Charitable Trustee. Shares Transferred to the Charitable Trustee shall be deemed to have been offered for sale to the Corporation, or its designee, at a price per Share equal to the lesser of (a) the price per Share in the transaction that resulted in such Transfer to the Charitable Trust (or, in the case of a devise or gift, the Market Price at the time of such devise or gift) and (b) the Market Price on the date the Corporation, or its designee, accepts such offer. The Corporation shall have the right to accept such offer until the Charitable Trustee has sold the Shares held in the Charitable Trust pursuant to Section 6.5.10(d). Upon such a sale to the Corporation, the interest of the Charitable Beneficiary in the Shares sold shall terminate and the Charitable Trustee shall distribute the net proceeds of the sale to the Prohibited Owner. The Corporation may reduce the amount payable to the Prohibited Owner by the amount of dividends and other Distributions which have been paid to the Prohibited Owner and are owed by the Prohibited Owner to the Charitable Trustee pursuant to Section 6.5.10(c). The Corporation may pay the amount of such reduction to the Charitable Trustee for the benefit of the Charitable Beneficiary.
(f)    Designation of Charitable Beneficiaries. By written notice to the Charitable Trustee, the Corporation shall designate one or more nonprofit organizations to be the Charitable Beneficiary of the interest in the Charitable Trust such that (a) Shares held in the Charitable Trust would not violate the restrictions set forth in Section 6.5.1(a) in the hands of such Charitable Beneficiary and (b) each such organization must be described in Section 501(c)(3) of the Code and contributions to each such organization must be eligible for deduction under each of Sections 170(b)(1)(A), 2055 and 2522 of the Code.
6.5.11 NYSE Transactions. Nothing in this Section 6.5 shall preclude the settlement of any transaction entered into through the facilities of the NYSE or any other national securities exchange or automated inter-dealer quotation system. The fact that the settlement of any transaction occurs shall not negate the effect of any other provision of this Section 6.5 and any transferee in such a transaction shall be subject to all of the provisions and limitations set forth in this Section 6.5.
6.5.12 Enforcement. The Corporation is authorized specifically to seek equitable relief, including injunctive relief, to enforce the provisions of this Section 6.5.
6.5.13 Non-Waiver. No delay or failure on the part of the Corporation or the Board of Directors in exercising any right hereunder shall operate as a waiver of any right of the Corporation or the Board of Directors, as the case may be, except to the extent specifically waived in writing.
6.6 Distributions. The Board of Directors may from time to time authorize the Corporation to declare and pay to Shareholders such dividends or other Distributions in cash or other assets or in securities of the Corporation, including in shares of one class payable to holders of shares of another class, or from any other source as the Board of Directors in its discretion shall determine. The Board of Directors shall endeavor to authorize the Corporation to declare and pay such dividends and other Distributions as shall be necessary for the Corporation to qualify as a REIT under the Code; provided, however, Shareholders shall have no right to any dividend or other Distribution unless and until authorized by the Board of Directors and declared by the Corporation. The exercise of the powers and rights of the Board of Directors pursuant to this Section 6.6 shall be subject to the provisions of any class or series of stock of the Corporation at the time outstanding. The receipt by any Person in whose name any shares are registered on the records of the Corporation or by his or her duly authorized agent shall be a sufficient discharge for all dividends or other Distributions payable or deliverable in respect of such shares and from all liability to see to the application thereof.
6.7. Tender Offers. If any Person makes a tender offer, including, without limitation, a “mini-tender” offer, such Person must comply with all of the provisions set forth in Regulation 14D of the Exchange Act, including, without limitation, disclosure and notice requirements, that would be applicable if the tender offer was for more than five percent of the outstanding Shares; provided, however, that, unless otherwise required by the Exchange Act, such documents are not required to be filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission. In addition, any such Person must provide notice to the Corporation at least ten business days prior to initiating any such tender offer. No Shareholder may Transfer any Shares held by such Shareholder to any Person who initiates a tender offer without complying with the provisions set forth above (a “Non-Compliant Tender Offer”) unless such Shareholder shall have first offered such Shares to the Corporation at the tender offer price offered in such Non-Compliant Tender Offer. In addition, any Person who makes a Non-Compliant Tender Offer shall be responsible for all expenses incurred by the Corporation in connection with the enforcement of the provisions of this Section 6.7, including, without limitation, expenses incurred in connection with the review of all documents related to such tender offer. In addition to the remedies provided herein, the Corporation may seek injunctive relief, including, without limitation, a temporary or permanent restraining order, in connection with any Non-Compliant Tender Offer. This Section 6.7 shall be of no force or effect with respect to any Shares that are then listed on a national securities exchange.
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ARTICLE 7
AMENDMENTS
The Corporation reserves the right from time to time to make any amendment to the Charter, now or hereafter authorized by law, including any amendment altering the terms or contract rights, as expressly set forth in the Charter, of any shares of outstanding stock. All rights and powers conferred by the Charter on Shareholders, Directors and officers are granted subject to this reservation. Except for those amendments permitted to be made without stockholder approval under Maryland law or by specific provision in the Charter, any amendment to the Charter shall be valid only if declared advisable by the Board of Directors and approved by the affirmative vote of Shareholders entitled to cast a majority of all the votes entitled to be cast on the matter.
THIRD: The amendment and restatement of the charter of the Corporation as hereinabove set forth has been duly advised by the Board of Directors and approved by the stockholders of the Corporation as required by law.
FOURTH: The current address of the principal office of the Corporation is as set forth in Article 4 of the foregoing amendment and restatement of the charter.
FIFTH: The name and address of the Corporation’s current resident agent is as set forth in Article 4 of the foregoing amendment and restatement of the charter.
SIXTH: The number of directors of the Corporation and the names of those currently in office are as set forth in Article 5 of the foregoing amendment and restatement of the charter.
SEVENTH: The undersigned acknowledges these Articles of Amendment and Restatement to be the corporate act of the Corporation and as to all matters or facts required to be verified under oath, the undersigned acknowledges that to the best of his knowledge, information and belief, these matters and facts are true in all material respects and that this statement is made under the penalties for perjury.
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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Corporation has caused these Articles of Amendment and Restatement to be signed in its name and on its behalf by its President and attested to by its Secretary on this 30th day of June, 2021.
ATTEST:                        MODIV INC.

/s/ RAYMOND J. PACINI                 /s/ AARON S. HALFACRE (SEAL)
Name: Raymond J. Pacini                    Name: Aaron S. Halfacre
Title: Secretary                        Title: President

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