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TRTN Triton International

Filed: 27 Jul 21, 1:02pm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For The Quarterly Period Ended June 30, 2021
Or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Transition Period from                             to   
Commission file number - 001-37827
Triton International Limited
(Exact name of registrant as specified in the charter)
Bermuda
 98-1276572
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)

Victoria Place, 5th Floor, 31 Victoria Street, Hamilton HM 10, Bermuda
(Address of principal executive office)
(441) 294-8033
(Registrant's telephone number including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
   Common shares, $0.01 par value per shareTRTNNew York Stock Exchange
8.50% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Perpetual Preference SharesTRTN PRANew York Stock Exchange
8.00% Series B Cumulative Redeemable Perpetual Preference SharesTRTN PRBNew York Stock Exchange
7.375% Series C Cumulative Redeemable Perpetual Preference SharesTRTN PRCNew York Stock Exchange
6.875% Series D Cumulative Redeemable Perpetual Preference SharesTRTN PRDNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirement for the past 90 days. Yes     No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes     No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated Filer Accelerated Filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes     No 
As of July 23, 2021, there were 67,393,576 common shares at $0.01 par value per share of the registrant outstanding.



Triton International Limited
Index

2


CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This quarterly report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. In addition, we, or our executive officers on our behalf, may from time to time make forward-looking statements in reports and other documents we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, or in connection with oral statements made to the press, potential investors or others. All statements, other than statements of historical facts, including statements regarding our strategy, future operations, future financial position, future revenues, future costs, prospects, plans and objectives of management are forward-looking statements. The words "expect," "estimate," "anticipate," "predict," "believe," "think," "plan," "will," "should," "intend," "seek," "potential" and similar expressions and variations are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words.
Forward-looking statements in this report are subject to a number of known and unknown risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements, including, but not limited to: the impact of COVID-19 on our business and financial results; decreases in the demand for leased containers; decreases in market leasing rates for containers; difficulties in re-leasing containers after their initial fixed-term leases; customers' decisions to buy rather than lease containers; dependence on a limited number of customers and suppliers; customer defaults; decreases in the selling prices of used containers; extensive competition in the container leasing industry; difficulties stemming from the international nature of Triton's businesses; decreases in demand for international trade; disruption to Triton's operations resulting from political and economic policies of the United States and other countries, particularly China, including but not limited to, the impact of trade wars, duties and tariffs; disruption to Triton's operations from failure of, or attacks on, Triton's information technology systems; disruption to Triton's operations as a result of natural disasters; compliance with laws and regulations related to economic and trade sanctions, security, anti-terrorism, environmental protection and corruption; ability to obtain sufficient capital to support growth; restrictions imposed by the terms of Triton's debt agreements; the achievement of our capital structure plans and related timing; changes in the tax laws in Bermuda, the United States and other countries; and other risks and uncertainties described in the section entitled "Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the SEC on February 16, 2021 (the "Form 10-K"), in this Report on Form 10-Q and in any other Form 10-Q filed or to be filed by us, as well as in the other documents we file with the SEC from time to time, and such risks and uncertainties are specifically incorporated herein by reference.
Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date the statements are made. Except as required under the federal securities laws and rules and regulations of the SEC, we undertake no obligation to update or revise forward-looking statements to reflect actual results, changes in assumptions or changes in other factors affecting forward-looking information. We caution you not to unduly rely on the forward-looking statements when evaluating the information presented in this report.

3


ITEM 1.    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except share data)
(Unaudited)
June 30, 2021December 31,
2020
ASSETS:  
Leasing equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $3,637,089 and $3,370,652$9,971,257 $8,630,696 
Net investment in finance leases499,272 282,131 
Equipment held for sale35,814 67,311 
Revenue earning assets10,506,343 8,980,138 
Cash and cash equivalents77,392 61,512 
Restricted cash127,484 90,484 
Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $1,230 and $2,192280,288 226,090 
Goodwill236,665 236,665 
Lease intangibles, net of accumulated amortization of $273,753 and $264,79124,704 33,666 
Other assets82,389 83,969 
Fair value of derivative instruments93 
Total assets$11,335,358 $9,712,533 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY:  
Equipment purchases payable$411,454 $191,777 
Fair value of derivative instruments77,141 128,872 
Accounts payable and other accrued expenses124,444 95,235 
Net deferred income tax liability355,636 327,431 
Debt, net of unamortized costs of $63,184 and $42,7477,639,606 6,403,270 
Total liabilities8,608,281 7,146,585 
Shareholders' equity:  
Preferred shares, $0.01 par value, at liquidation preference555,000 555,000 
Common shares, $0.01 par value, 270,000,000 shares authorized, 81,294,902 and 81,151,723 shares issued, respectively813 812 
Undesignated shares, $0.01 par value, 7,800,000 shares authorized, 0 shares issued and outstanding
Treasury shares, at cost, 13,901,326 shares(436,822)(436,822)
Additional paid-in capital906,186 905,323 
Accumulated earnings1,781,692 1,674,670 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)(79,792)(133,035)
Total shareholders' equity2,727,077 2,565,948 
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity$11,335,358 $9,712,533 
The accompanying Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

4





TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
Leasing revenues:  
Operating leases$360,859 $313,423 $700,653 $626,227 
Finance leases8,925 7,974 15,874 16,638 
Total leasing revenues369,784 321,397 716,527 642,865 
Equipment trading revenues33,183 16,903 59,128 32,283 
Equipment trading expenses(22,457)(14,883)(40,261)(28,330)
Trading margin10,726 2,020 18,867 3,953 
Net gain on sale of leasing equipment31,391 4,537 53,358 8,614 
Operating expenses:
Depreciation and amortization154,056 133,292 297,363 265,987 
Direct operating expenses6,337 29,619 15,707 52,867 
Administrative expenses22,979 20,472 43,900 39,697 
Provision (reversal) for doubtful accounts(26)374 (2,490)4,653 
Total operating expenses183,346 183,757 354,480 363,204 
Operating income (loss)228,555 144,197 434,272 292,228 
Other expenses:
Interest and debt expense60,004 66,874 114,627 135,876 
Debt termination expense89,863 89,863 31 
Other (income) expense, net(261)36 (742)(3,548)
Total other expenses149,606 66,910 203,748 132,359 
Income (loss) before income taxes78,949 77,287 230,524 159,869 
Income tax expense (benefit)13,732 6,699 25,469 12,245 
Net income (loss)$65,217 $70,588 $205,055 $147,624 
Less: dividend on preferred shares10,513 10,513 21,026 20,338 
Net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders$54,704 $60,075 $184,029 $127,286 
Net income per common share—Basic$0.82 $0.87 $2.75 $1.81 
Net income per common share—Diluted$0.81 $0.86 $2.74 $1.80 
Cash dividends paid per common share$0.57 $0.52 $1.14 $1.04 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding—Basic66,951 69,275 66,943 70,436 
Dilutive restricted shares331 261 295 262 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding—Diluted67,282 69,536 67,238 70,698 
   
The accompanying Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

5





TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
 2021202020212020
Net income (loss)$65,217 $70,588 $205,055 $147,624 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:  
Change in derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges(23,730)(16,112)39,120 (136,252)
Reclassification of (gain) loss on derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges6,958 5,854 14,060 7,265 
Foreign currency translation adjustment42 (115)63 (377)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax(16,730)(10,373)53,243 (129,364)
Comprehensive income48,487 60,215 258,298 18,260 
Less:
Dividend on preferred shares10,513 10,513 21,026 20,338 
Comprehensive income attributable to common shareholders$37,974 $49,702 $237,272 $(2,078)
Tax (benefit) provision on change in derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges$(556)$(1,512)$2,002 $(10,986)
Tax (benefit) provision on reclassification of (gain) loss on derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges$481 $335 $949 $183 
   

The accompanying Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

6





TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
Consolidated Statements of Shareholders' Equity
(In thousands, except share amounts)
(Unaudited)
Preferred SharesCommon SharesTreasury SharesAdd'l Paid in CapitalAccumulated EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive IncomeTotal Equity
SharesAmountSharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance as of December 31, 202022,200,000 $555,000 81,151,723 $812 13,901,326 $(436,822)$905,323 $1,674,670 $(133,035)$2,565,948 
Share-based compensation— — 207,077 — — 1,713 — — 1,715 
Share repurchase to settle shareholder tax obligations— — (85,466)(1)— — (4,145)— — (4,146)
Net income (loss)— — — — — — — 139,838 — 139,838 
Other comprehensive income (loss)— — — — — — — — 69,973 69,973 
Common shares dividend declared— — — — — — — (38,497)— (38,497)
Preferred shares dividend declared— — — — — — — (10,513)— (10,513)
Balance as of March 31, 202122,200,000 $555,000 81,273,334 $813 13,901,326 $(436,822)$902,891 $1,765,498 $(63,062)$2,724,318 
Share-based compensation— — 21,568 — — — 3,295 — — 3,295 
Net income (loss)— — — — — — — 65,217 — 65,217 
Other comprehensive income (loss)— — — — — — — — (16,730)(16,730)
Common shares dividend declared— — — — — — — (38,510)— (38,510)
Preferred shares dividend declared— — — — — — — (10,513)— (10,513)
Balance as of June 30, 202122,200,000 $555,000 81,294,902 $813 13,901,326 $(436,822)$906,186 $1,781,692 $(79,792)$2,727,077 

`Preferred SharesCommon SharesTreasury SharesAdd'l Paid in CapitalAccumulated EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive IncomeTotal Equity
SharesAmountSharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance as of December 31, 201916,200,000 $405,000 80,979,833 $810 8,771,345 $(278,510)$902,725 $1,533,845 $(31,633)$2,532,237 
Issuance of preferred shares, net of offering expenses6,000,000 150,000 — — — — (5,171)— — 144,829 
Share-based compensation— — 184,644 — — 1,603 — — 1,605 
Treasury shares acquired— — — — 1,365,620 (37,488)— — — (37,488)
Share repurchase to settle shareholder tax obligations— — (53,609)(1)— — (2,155)— — (2,156)
Net income (loss)— — — — — — — 77,036 — 77,036 
Other comprehensive income (loss)— — — — — — — (118,991)(118,991)
Common shares dividend declared— — — — — — — (37,427)— (37,427)
Preferred shares dividend declared— — — — — — — (9,395)— (9,395)
Balance as of March 31, 202022,200,000 $555,000 81,110,868 $811 10,136,965 $(315,998)$897,002 $1,564,059 $(150,624)$2,550,250 
Issuance of preferred shares, net of offering expenses— — — — 31 — — 31 
Share-based compensation— — 38,592 — — 4,256 — — 4,256 
Treasury shares acquired— — — — 2,050,924 (58,906)— — — (58,906)
Net income (loss)— — — — — — — 70,588 — 70,588 
Other comprehensive income (loss)— — — — — — — — (10,373)(10,373)
Common shares dividend declared— — — — — — — (36,383)— (36,383)
Preferred shares dividend declared— — — — — — — (10,513)— (10,513)
Balance as of June 30, 202022,200,000 $555,000 81,149,460 $811 12,187,889 $(374,904)$901,289 $1,587,751 $(160,997)$2,508,950 
The accompanying Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

7





TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 Six Months Ended June 30,
 20212020
Cash flows from operating activities:  
Net income (loss)$205,055 $147,624 
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:  
Depreciation and amortization297,363 265,987 
Amortization of deferred debt cost and other debt related amortization4,255 7,187 
Lease related amortization9,549 15,788 
Share-based compensation expense5,010 5,861 
Net (gain) loss on sale of leasing equipment(53,358)(8,614)
Unrealized (gain) loss on derivative instruments286 
Debt termination expense89,863 31 
Deferred income taxes25,228 12,037 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable(12,707)(20,778)
Accounts payable and other accrued expenses(7,753)(25,752)
Net equipment sold (purchased) for resale activity8,787 (4,035)
Cash received (paid) for settlement of interest rate swaps5,481 
Cash collections on finance lease receivables, net of income earned27,124 46,650 
Other assets9,422 (25,703)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities613,319 416,569 
Cash flows from investing activities:  
Purchases of leasing equipment and investments in finance leases(1,717,843)(219,788)
Proceeds from sale of equipment, net of selling costs117,688 102,088 
Other63 (328)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities(1,600,092)(118,028)
Cash flows from financing activities:  
Issuance of preferred shares, net of underwriting discount145,275 
Purchases of treasury shares(95,243)
Redemption of common shares for withholding taxes(4,146)(2,156)
Debt issuance costs(31,502)
Borrowings under debt facilities5,663,432 730,000 
Payments under debt facilities and finance lease obligations(4,490,788)(801,044)
Dividends paid on preferred shares(21,026)(19,908)
Dividends paid on common shares(76,317)(72,964)
Other(590)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities1,039,653 (116,630)
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$52,880 $181,911 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period151,996 168,972 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period$204,876 $350,883 
Supplemental disclosures:
Interest paid$106,182 $131,457 
Income taxes paid (refunded)$3,445 $216 
Right-of-use asset for leased property$1,453 $196 
Supplemental non-cash investing activities:  
Equipment purchases payable$411,454 $46,569 
The accompanying Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

8




TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 1—Description of the Business, Basis of Presentation and Accounting Policy Updates

Description of the Business

Triton International Limited ("Triton" or the "Company"), through its subsidiaries, leases intermodal transportation equipment, primarily maritime containers, and provides maritime container management services through a worldwide network of service subsidiaries, third-party depots and other facilities. The majority of the Company's business is derived from leasing its containers to shipping line customers through a variety of long-term and short-term contractual lease arrangements. The Company also sells containers from its equipment leasing fleet as well as containers specifically acquired for resale from third parties. The Company's registered office is located in Bermuda.

Basis of Presentation

The unaudited consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, these financial statements do not include all information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements.

The interim consolidated balance sheet as of June 30, 2021; the consolidated statements of operations, the consolidated statements of comprehensive income, and the consolidated statements of shareholders' equity for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, and the consolidated statements of cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 are unaudited. The consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2020, included herein, was derived from the audited financial statements as of that date, but does not include all disclosures required by GAAP. The unaudited interim financial statements have been prepared on a basis consistent with the Company's annual financial statements and, in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments, which include only normal recurring adjustments necessary to state fairly the Company's financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income, shareholders' equity, and cash flows for the periods presented. The financial data and the other financial information disclosed in the notes to the financial statements related to these periods are also unaudited. The consolidated results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2021 or for any other future annual or interim period.

These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company's audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto as of and for the year ended December 31, 2020 included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K which was filed with the SEC on February 16, 2021. The unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Certain changes in presentation have been made to conform the prior period presentation to current period reporting.
Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities in the financial statements. Such estimates include, but are not limited to, the Company's estimates in connection with leasing equipment, including residual values and depreciable lives, values of assets held for sale and other long lived assets, provision for income tax, allowance for doubtful accounts, share-based compensation, goodwill and intangible assets. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Concentration of Credit Risk

The Company's equipment leases and trade receivables subject it to potential credit risk. The Company extends credit to its customers based upon an evaluation of each customer's financial condition and credit history. Evaluations of the financial condition and associated credit risk of customers are performed on an ongoing basis. The Company's three largest customers accounted for 20%, 14%, and 10%, respectively, of the Company's lease billings during the six months ended June 30, 2021.


9


TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Fair Value Measurements

For information on the fair value of equipment held for sale, debt, and the fair value of derivative instruments, please refer to Note 2 - "Equipment Held for Sale", Note 7 - "Debt" and Note 8 - "Derivative Instruments", respectively.


Note 2—Equipment Held for Sale

The Company's equipment held for sale is recorded at the lower of fair value less cost to sell, or carrying value at the time identified for sale. Fair value is measured using Level 2 inputs and is based predominantly on recent sales prices. The following table summarizes the portion of equipment held for sale in the consolidated balance sheet that have been impaired and written down to fair value less cost to sell (in thousands):
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Equipment held for sale$1,060 $4,001 

An impairment charge is recorded when the carrying value of the asset exceeds its fair value less cost to sell. The following table summarizes the Company's net impairment charges recorded in Net gain on sale of leasing equipment on the consolidated statements of operations (in thousands):
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
Impairment (loss) reversal on equipment held for sale$(42)$(1,053)$(37)$(2,543)
Gain (loss) on sale of equipment, net of selling costs31,433 5,590 53,395 11,157 
Net gain on sale of leasing equipment$31,391 $4,537 $53,358 $8,614 

Note 3—Intangible Assets

Intangible assets consist of lease intangibles for leases acquired with lease rates above market in a business combination. The following table summarizes the amortization of intangible assets as of June 30, 2021 (in thousands):
Years ending December 31,Total Intangible Assets
2021$7,587 
2022$10,497 
2023$4,657 
2024$1,963 
Total$24,704 

Amortization expense related to intangible assets was $4.4 million and $9.0 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, and $5.7 million and $11.9 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively.

Note 4—Share-Based Compensation

The Company recognizes share-based compensation expense for share-based payment transactions based on the grant date fair value. The expense is recognized over the employee's requisite service period, which is generally the vesting period of the equity award. The Company recognized share-based compensation expense in administrative expenses of $3.3 million and $5.0 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, and $4.3 million and $5.9 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively. Share-based compensation expense includes charges for performance-based shares and units that are deemed probable to vest.

As of June 30, 2021, the total unrecognized compensation expense related to non-vested restricted share awards and units was approximately $13.5 million, which is expected to be recognized on a straight-line basis through 2024.

10


TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

During the six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company issued 207,077 restricted shares, and canceled 85,466 vested shares to settle payroll taxes on behalf of employees. Additional shares may be issued based upon the satisfaction of certain performance criteria. The Company also issued 21,568 shares to non-employee directors at fair value that vested immediately.

Note 5—Other Equity Matters

Share Repurchase Program

The Company's Board of Directors authorized repurchases of shares up to a specified dollar amount as part of its repurchase program. Purchases under the repurchase program may be made in the open market or privately negotiated transactions, and may include transactions pursuant to a repurchase plan administered in accordance with Rules 10b5-1 and 10b-18 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Purchases may be made from time to time at the Company's discretion and the timing and amount of any share repurchases will be determined based on share price, market conditions, legal requirements, and other factors. The repurchase program does not obligate the Company to acquire any particular amount of common shares, and the Company may suspend or discontinue the repurchase program at any time.

The Company did not repurchase any shares during the six months ended June 30, 2021 and currently has $102.1 million available under the share repurchase program. 

Preferred Shares

The following table summarizes the Company's preferred share issuances (the "Series"):
Preferred Share OfferingIssuanceLiquidation Preference (in thousands)
# of Shares(1)
Series A 8.50% Cumulative Redeemable Perpetual Preference Shares ("Series A")March 2019$86,250 3,450,000 
Series B 8.00% Cumulative Redeemable Perpetual Preference Shares ("Series B")June 2019143,750 5,750,000 
Series C 7.375% Cumulative Redeemable Perpetual Preference Shares ("Series C")November 2019175,000 7,000,000 
Series D 6.875% Cumulative Redeemable Perpetual Preference Shares ("Series D")January 2020150,000 6,000,000 
$555,000 22,200,000 
(1)     Represents number of shares authorized, issued, and outstanding.

Each Series of preferred shares may be redeemed at the Company's option, at any time after approximately five years from original issuance, in whole or in part at a redemption price, which is equal to the issue price, of $25.00 per share plus an amount equal to all accumulated and unpaid dividends, whether or not declared. The Company may also redeem each Series of preferred shares prior to the lapse of the five year period upon the occurrence of certain events as described in each agreement, such as transactions that either transfer ownership of substantially all assets to a single entity or establish a majority voting interest by a single entity, and cause a downgrade or withdrawal of rating by the rating agency within 60 days of the event. If the Company does not elect to redeem each Series, holders of preferred shares may have the right to convert their preferred shares into common shares.

Holders of preferred shares generally have no voting rights. If the Company fails to pay dividends for six or more quarterly periods (whether or not consecutive), holders will be entitled to elect two additional directors to the Board of Directors and the size of the Board of Directors will be increased to accommodate such election. Such right to elect two directors will continue until such time as there are no accumulated and unpaid dividends in arrears.

Dividends

Dividends on shares of each Series are cumulative from the date of original issue and will be payable quarterly in arrears on the 15th day of March, June, September and December of each year, when, as and if declared by the Company's Board of Directors. Dividends will be payable equal to the stated rate per annum of the $25.00 liquidation preference per share. The Series rank senior to the Company's common shares with respect to dividend rights and rights upon the Company's liquidation, dissolution or winding up, whether voluntary or involuntary.
11


TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)


The Company paid the following quarterly dividends during the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 on its issued and outstanding Series (in millions except for the per-share amounts):
Series ASeries BSeries CSeries D
Record DatePayment DateAggregate Payment
Per Share
Payment(1)
Aggregate PaymentPer Share
Payment
Aggregate Payment
Per Share
Payment(1)
Aggregate Payment
Per Share
Payment(1)
June 8, 2021June 15, 2021$1.8$0.53$2.9$0.50$3.2$0.46$2.6$0.43
March 8, 2021March 15, 2021$1.8$0.53$2.9$0.50$3.2$0.46$2.6$0.43
June 8, 2020June 15, 2020$1.8$0.53$2.9$0.50$3.2$0.46$2.6$0.43
March 9, 2020March 16, 2020$1.8$0.53$2.9$0.50$3.2$0.46$1.5$0.24
(1)     Rounded to the nearest whole cent.

As of June 30, 2021, the Company had cumulative unpaid preferred dividends of $1.8 million.

Common Share Dividends

The Company paid the following quarterly dividends during the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 on its issued common shares:
Record DatePayment DateAggregate PaymentPer Share Payment
June 10, 2021June 24, 2021$38.2 Million$0.57
March 12, 2021March 26, 2021$38.2 Million$0.57
June 11, 2020June 25, 2020$35.8 Million$0.52
March 13, 2020March 27, 2020$37.1 Million$0.52

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

The following table summarizes the components of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax, for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (in thousands):
Cash Flow
Hedges
Foreign
Currency
Translation
Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income
Balance as of December 31, 2020$(128,526)$(4,509)$(133,035)
Change in derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges(1)
62,850 62,850 
Reclassification of (gain) loss on derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges(1)
7,102 7,102 
Foreign currency translation adjustment21 21 
Balance as of March 31, 2021$(58,574)$(4,488)$(63,062)
Change in derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges(1)
(23,730)$(23,730)
Reclassification of (gain) loss on derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges(1)
6,958 6,958 
Foreign currency translation adjustment42 42 
Balance as of June 30, 2021$(75,346)$(4,446)$(79,792)

12


TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Cash Flow
Hedges
Foreign
Currency
Translation
Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income
Balance as of December 31, 2019$(27,096)$(4,537)$(31,633)
Change in derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges(1)
(120,140)(120,140)
Reclassification of (gain) loss on derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges(1)
1,411 1,411 
Foreign currency translation adjustment(262)(262)
Balance as of March 31, 2020$(145,825)$(4,799)$(150,624)
Change in derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges(1)
(16,112)(16,112)
Reclassification of (gain) loss on derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges(1)
5,854 5,854 
Foreign currency translation adjustment(115)(115)
Balance as of June 30, 2020$(156,083)$(4,914)$(160,997)
(1)    Refer to Note 8 - "Derivative Instruments" for reclassification impact on the Consolidated Statements of Operations

Note 6—Leases

Lessee

The Company's leases are primarily for multiple office facilities which are contracted under various cancelable and non-cancelable operating leases, most of which provide extension or early termination options. The Company's lease agreements do not contain any residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants.

As of June 30, 2021, the weighted average implicit rate was 3.36% and the weighted average remaining lease term was 2.3 years.

The following table summarizes the impact of the Company's leases in its financial statements (in thousands):
Balance SheetFinancial statement captionJune 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Right-of-use asset - operatingOther assets$5,467 $5,062 
Lease liability - operatingAccounts payable and other accrued expenses$6,332 $6,088 
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
Income StatementFinancial statement caption2021202020212020
Operating lease cost(1)
Administrative expenses$804 $747 $1,580 $1,506 
(1)     Includes short-term leases that are immaterial.

Cash paid for amounts of lease liabilities included in operating cash flows was $1.6 million for both the six months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020.
13


TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)


Lessor
The following table summarizes the components of the net investment in finance leases (in thousands):
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Future minimum lease payment receivable(1)
$659,580 $355,755 
Estimated residual receivable(2)
82,173 53,892 
Gross finance lease receivables(3)
741,753 409,647 
Unearned income(4)
(242,481)(127,516)
Net investment in finance leases(5)
$499,272 $282,131 
(1)     There were no executory costs included in gross finance lease receivables as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
(2)     The Company's finance leases generally include a purchase option at nominal amounts that is reasonably certain to be exercised, and therefore, the Company has immaterial residual value risk for assets.
(3)    The gross finance lease receivable is reduced as billed to customers and reclassified to accounts receivable until paid by customers.
(4)     There were no unamortized initial direct costs as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
(5)    One major customer represented 88% and 75% of the Company's finance lease portfolio as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. No other customer represented more than 10% of the Company's finance lease portfolio in each of those periods.

The Company’s finance lease portfolio lessees are primarily comprised of the largest international shipping lines. In its estimate of expected credit losses, the Company evaluates the overall credit quality of its finance lease portfolio. The Company considers an account past due when a payment has not been received in accordance with the terms of the related lease agreement and maintains allowances, if necessary, for doubtful accounts. These allowances are based on, but not limited to, historical experience which includes stronger and weaker economic cycles, each lessee's payment history, management's current assessment of each lessee's financial condition, consideration of current economic conditions and reasonable market forecasts. As of June 30, 2021, the Company does not have an allowance on its gross finance lease receivables and does not have any material past due balances.

Note 7—Debt

The table below summarizes the Company's key terms and carrying value of debt (in thousands):
Contractual Weighted Avg Interest Rate(1)
Maturity Range(1)
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
FromTo
Institutional notes4.93%Sep 2021Mar 2027$648,931 $1,642,314 
Asset-backed securitization term notes1.98%Aug 2023Feb 20313,984,805 2,920,807 
Corporate notes2.17%Jun 2024Jun 20311,700,000 
Term loan facility1.49%May 2026May 2026405,000 840,000 
Asset-backed securitization warehouse1.95%Nov 2027Nov 2027185,000 264,000 
Revolving credit facilities1.74%Sep 2023Jul 2024765,000 760,500 
Finance lease obligations4.93%Feb 2022Feb 202216,186 17,304 
   Total debt outstanding7,704,922 6,444,925 
Unamortized debt costs(63,184)(42,747)
Unamortized debt premiums & discounts(3,526)(599)
Unamortized fair value debt adjustment1,394 1,691 
   Debt, net of unamortized costs$7,639,606 $6,403,270 
(1)     Data as of June 30, 2021.

The fair value of total debt outstanding was $7,728.5 million and $6,536.5 million as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, and was measured using Level 2 inputs.

As of June 30, 2021, the maximum borrowing levels for the Asset-backed Securitization ("ABS") warehouse and the revolving credit facilities are $1,125.0 million and $1,560.0 million, respectively. These facilities are governed by borrowing bases that limit borrowing capacity to an established percentage of relevant assets. As of June 30, 2021, the availability under these credit facilities without adding additional container assets to the borrowing base was approximately $797.5 million.
14


TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)


The Company is subject to certain financial covenants under its debt agreements. The agreements remain the obligations of the respective subsidiaries, and all related debt covenants are calculated at the subsidiary level. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company was in compliance with all financial covenants in accordance with the terms of its debt agreements.

The Company hedges the risks associated with fluctuations in interest rates on a portion of its floating-rate debt by entering into interest rate swap agreements that convert a portion of its floating-rate debt to a fixed rate basis, thus reducing the impact of interest rate changes on future interest expense. The following table summarizes the Company's outstanding fixed-rate and floating-rate debt as of June 30, 2021 (in thousands):
Balance OutstandingContractual Weighted Avg Interest RateMaturity RangeWeighted Avg Remaining Term
FromTo
Excluding impact of derivative instruments:
Fixed-rate debt$5,717,8202.42%Sep 2021Jun 20315.0 years
Floating-rate debt$1,987,1021.68%Aug 2023Nov 20273.2 years
Including impact of derivative instruments:
Fixed-rate debt$5,717,8202.42%
Hedged floating-rate debt$1,671,4773.59%
Total fixed and hedged debt$7,389,2972.68%
Unhedged floating-rate debt$315,6251.68%
Total$7,704,9222.64%

The Company issued the following corporate notes during the six months ended June 30, 2021:
DateTotal OfferingContractual Weighted Avg Interest RateMaturity
April 15, 2021$600.0 Million2.05%Apr 2026
June 7, 2021$500.0 Million1.15%Jun 2024
June 7, 2021$600.0 Million3.15%Jun 2031

The Company issued the following ABS fixed rate series during the six months ended June 30, 2021:
DateTotal OfferingContractual Weighted Avg Interest RateExpected Maturity
February 3, 2021$502.9 Million1.69%Feb 2031
March 17, 2021$725.0 Million1.89%Dec 2030

On May 27, 2021, the Company extinguished a term loan and paid the outstanding balance of $820.0 million. As a result, the Company wrote off $1.8 million of debt related costs. Concurrently, the Company entered into a delayed draw term loan facility with a maximum capacity of $1,200.0 million at an interest rate of 1-month LIBOR plus 1.375% and a maturity date of May 27, 2026.

On June 28, 2021, the Company redeemed approximately $821.0 million of its outstanding institutional notes. As a result, the Company paid a make-whole premium of $84.8 million and wrote off $2.5 million of debt related costs. The cash paid for the make-whole premium is classified under financing cash flows as payments under debt facilities and finance lease obligations.

Institutional Notes

In accordance with the Company's institutional note agreements, interest payments are due semi-annually. Institutional note maturities typically range from 7 - 12 years, with level principal payments due annually following an interest-only period. The institutional notes are pre-payable (in whole or in part) at the Company's option at any time, subject to certain provisions in
15


TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

the note agreements, including the payment of a make-whole premium in respect to such prepayment. These facilities provide for an advance rate against the net book values of designated eligible equipment.

Asset-Backed Securitization Term Notes

Under the Company's ABS facilities, indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries of the Company issue ABS notes. These subsidiaries are intended to be bankruptcy remote so that such assets are not available to creditors of the Company or its affiliates until and unless the related secured borrowings have been fully discharged. These transactions do not meet accounting requirements for sales treatment and are recorded as secured borrowings.

The Company’s borrowings under the ABS facilities amortize in monthly installments, typically in level payments over five or more years. These facilities provide for an advance rate against the net book values of designated eligible equipment. The net book values for purposes of calculating eligible equipment is determined according to the related debt agreement and may be different than those calculated per U.S. GAAP. The Company is required to maintain restricted cash balances on deposit in designated bank accounts equal to three to nine months of interest expense depending on the terms of each facility.

Corporate Notes

The Company’s corporate notes have maturities ranging from 3 - 10 years and interest payments due semi-annually. These corporate notes are initially secured by assets of the subsidiary. If the Company satisfies certain credit rating conditions outlined in the indenture, the corporate notes may become unsecured. The corporate notes are pre-payable (in whole or in part) at the Company's option at any time prior to the maturity date, subject to certain provisions in the corporate note agreements, including the payment of a make-whole premium in respect to such prepayment.

Term Loan Facility

The term loan facility amortizes in quarterly installments. This facility provides for an advance rate against the net book values of designated eligible equipment. This facility has a borrowing capacity of $1,200.0 million and provides a delayed draw feature which is available to the Company until November 24, 2021.

Asset-Backed Securitization Warehouse

Under the Company’s ABS warehouse facility, an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company issues ABS notes. This subsidiary is intended to be bankruptcy remote so that such assets are not available to creditors of the Company or its affiliates until and unless the related secured borrowings have been fully discharged. These transactions do not meet accounting requirements for sales treatment and are recorded as secured borrowings.

The Company's ABS warehouse facility has a borrowing capacity of $1,125.0 million that is available on a revolving basis until November 13, 2023, paying interest at LIBOR plus 1.85%, after which any borrowings will convert to term notes with a maturity date of November 15, 2027, paying interest at LIBOR plus 2.85%.

During the revolving period, the borrowing capacity under this facility is determined by applying an advance rate against the net book values of designated eligible equipment. The net book values for purposes of calculating eligible equipment are determined according to the related debt agreement and may be different than those calculated per U.S. GAAP. The Company is required to maintain restricted cash balances on deposit in designated bank accounts equal to three months of interest expense.

Revolving Credit Facilities

The revolving credit facilities have a maximum borrowing capacity of $1,560.0 million. These facilities provide for an advance rate against the net book values of designated eligible equipment.






16


TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Finance Lease Obligations

Certain containers are leased with a financial institution. The lease is accounted for as a finance lease, with interest expense recognized on a level yield basis over the period preceding early purchase options, which is five to seven years from the transaction date. The Company has provided notice to early terminate these finance lease obligations in the first quarter of 2022.

Note 8—Derivative Instruments

Interest Rate Swaps / Caps

The Company enters into derivative agreements to manage interest rate risk exposure. Interest rate swap agreements are utilized to limit the Company's exposure to interest rate risk by converting a portion of its floating-rate debt to a fixed rate basis, thus reducing the impact of interest rate changes on future interest expense. Interest rate swaps involve the receipt of floating-rate amounts in exchange for fixed-rate interest payments over the lives of the agreements without an exchange of the underlying principal amounts. The Company also utilizes interest rate cap agreements to manage the Company's exposure to rising interest rates by placing a ceiling on the rate that will be paid under certain floating-rate debt agreements.

The counterparties to these agreements are highly rated financial institutions. In the unlikely event that the counterparties fail to meet the terms of these agreements, the Company's exposure is limited to the interest rate differential on the notional amount at each monthly settlement period over the life of the agreements. The Company does not anticipate any non-performance by the counterparties.

Certain assets of the Company's subsidiaries are pledged as collateral for various credit facilities and the amounts payable under certain derivative agreements. Additionally, the Company may be required to post cash collateral on these agreements. Any amounts of cash collateral posted are included in Other assets on the consolidated balance sheet and are presented in operating activities of the consolidated statements of cash flows. As of June 30, 2021, the Company has cash collateral of $28.4 million related to interest rate swap contracts.

In conjunction with the issuance of ABS notes, the Company canceled the following interest rate swaps that were in place to hedge the impact of interest rate changes on fixed-rate debt issuances:
Derivative InstrumentDate CanceledNotional AmountFunds Received
Interest rate swapJanuary 25, 2021$150.0 million$0.3 million
Interest rate swapJanuary 27, 2021$150.0 million$0.3 million
Interest rate swapFebruary 19, 2021$150.0 million$2.4 million
Interest rate swapFebruary 19, 2021$150.0 million$2.4 million

On April 15, 2021, the Company cancelled and simultaneously entered into an interest rate swap with a notional amount of $93.8 million. The Company paid $0.1 million for the cancellation of the existing contract. The new contract has a scheduled maturity date of April 20, 2024 and is indexed to 1 month LIBOR with a fixed leg interest rate of 0.25%.

On May 24, 2021, the Company entered into a new interest cap agreement with a scheduled maturity date of November 13, 2023. This contract is indexed to 1 month LIBOR, has a cap rate of 5.50%, and has a notional amount of $200.0 million.

In conjunction with the redemption of the institutional notes, the Company entered into and subsequently canceled the following interest rate swaps that were in place to hedge the impact of interest rate changes related to the make-whole premium payment during the notification period. The settlement of these swaps is presented in debt termination expense on the consolidated statement of operations and in payments under debt facilities and finance lease obligations within the financing section of the consolidated statement of cash flows.
Derivative InstrumentDate CanceledNotional AmountFunds Received (Paid)
Interest rate swapJune 25, 2021$72.5 million$0 million
Interest rate swapJune 25, 2021$195.9 million$(0.9) million
17


TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

As of June 30, 2021, the Company had interest rate swap and cap agreements in place to fix or limit the floating interest rates on a portion of the borrowings under its debt facilities summarized below:
DerivativesNotional AmountWeighted Average
Fixed Leg (Pay) Interest Rate
Cap RateWeighted Average
Remaining Term
Interest Rate Swap(1)
$1,671.5 Million2.02%n/a4.6 years
Interest Rate Cap$400.0 Millionn/a5.5%2.4 years
(1)     The impact of forward starting swaps will increase total notional amount by $350.0 million and increase the weighted average remaining term to 5.6 years.

Unrealized losses of $28.5 million related to interest rate swap and cap agreements included in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) are expected to be recognized in Interest and debt expense over the next twelve months.

The following table summarizes the impact of derivative instruments on the consolidated statements of operations and the consolidated statements of comprehensive income on a pretax basis (in thousands):
  Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
Financial statement caption2021202020212020
Non-Designated Derivative Instruments
Realized (gains) lossesOther (income) expense, net$$11 $$(224)
Realized (gains) lossesDebt termination expense$883 $$883 $
Unrealized (gains) lossesOther (income) expense, net$$(11)$$286 
Designated Derivative Instruments
Realized (gains) lossesInterest and debt (income) expense$7,439 $6,189 $15,009 $7,448 
Unrealized (gains) lossesComprehensive (income) loss$24,286 $17,624 $(41,122)$147,238 

Fair Value of Derivative Instruments

The Company has elected to use the income approach to value its interest rate swap and cap agreements, using Level 2 market expectations at the measurement date and standard valuation techniques to convert future values to a single discounted present value. The Level 2 inputs for the interest rate swap and cap valuations are inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability (specifically LIBOR and swap rates and credit risk at commonly quoted intervals). In response to the expected phase out of LIBOR, the Company continues to work with its counterparties to identify an alternative reference rate. Substantially all of the Company's debt agreements already include transition language, and the Company also adopted various practical expedients which will facilitate the transition.

The Company presents the fair value of derivative financial instruments on a gross basis as a separate line item on the consolidated balance sheet. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company has no material non-designated instruments.

Note 9—Segment and Geographic Information

Segment Information

The Company operates its business in one industry, intermodal transportation equipment, and has 2 operating segments which also represent its reporting segments:
Equipment leasing - the Company owns, leases and ultimately disposes of containers and chassis from its lease fleet.
Equipment trading - the Company purchases containers from shipping line customers, and other sellers of containers, and resells these containers to container retailers and users of containers for storage or one-way shipment. Included in the equipment trading segment revenues are leasing revenues from equipment purchased for resale that is currently on lease until the containers are dropped off.

These operating segments were determined based on the chief operating decision maker's review and resource allocation of the products and services offered.

18


TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

The following tables summarizes our segment information and the consolidated totals reported (in thousands):
 Three Months Ended June 30,
 20212020
 Equipment
Leasing
Equipment
Trading
TotalsEquipment
Leasing
Equipment
Trading
Totals
Total leasing revenues$366,989 $2,795 $369,784 $319,620 $1,777 $321,397 
Trading margin10,726 10,726 2,020 2,020 
Net gain on sale of leasing equipment31,391 31,391 4,537 4,537 
Depreciation and amortization expense153,881 175 154,056 133,116 176 133,292 
Interest and debt expense59,594 410 60,004 66,483 391 66,874 
Segment income (loss) before income taxes(1)
157,324 11,488 168,812 74,843 2,433 77,276 
Purchases of leasing equipment and investments in finance leases(2)
$1,138,632 $$1,138,632 $157,382 $$157,382 
Six Months Ended June 30,
20212020
Equipment
Leasing
Equipment
Trading
TotalsEquipment
Leasing
Equipment
Trading
Totals
Total leasing revenues$710,794 $5,733 $716,527 $640,657 $2,208 $642,865 
Trading margin18,867 18,867 3,953 3,953 
Net gain on sale of leasing equipment53,358 53,358 8,614 8,614 
Depreciation and amortization expense297,018 345 297,363 265,634 353 265,987 
Interest and debt expense113,815 812 114,627 135,182 694 135,876 
Segment income (loss) before income taxes(1)
299,513 20,874 320,387 156,360 3,826 160,186 
Purchases of leasing equipment and investments in finance leases(2)
$1,717,843 $$1,717,843 $219,788 $$219,788 

(1)    Segment income before income taxes excludes unrealized gains or losses on derivative instruments and debt termination expense. The Company recorded immaterial amounts of unrealized gain/loss on derivative instruments for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, and for the six months ended June 30, 2021. The Company recorded $0.3 million of unrealized loss on derivative instruments for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The Company recorded $89.9 million for debt termination expense for both the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and immaterial amounts of debt termination expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020.
(2)     Represents cash disbursements for purchases of leasing equipment and investments in finance lease as reflected in the consolidated statements of cash flows for the periods indicated, but excludes cash flows associated with the purchase of equipment held for resale.
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Equipment LeasingEquipment TradingTotalsEquipment LeasingEquipment TradingTotals
Equipment held for sale$14,368 $21,446 $35,814 $43,275 $24,036 $67,311 
Goodwill220,864 15,801 236,665 220,864 15,801 236,665 
Total assets$11,242,922 $92,436 $11,335,358 $9,612,251 $100,282 $9,712,533 

There are no intercompany revenues or expenses between segments. Certain administrative expenses have been allocated between segments based on an estimate of services provided to each segment. A portion of the Company's equipment purchased for resale in the equipment trading segment may be leased for a period of time and is reflected as leasing equipment as opposed to equipment held for sale and the cash flows associated with these transactions are reflected as purchases of leasing equipment and proceeds from the sale of equipment in investing activities in the Company's consolidated statements of cash flows.

Geographic Segment Information

The Company generates the majority of its leasing revenues from international containers which are deployed by its customers in a wide variety of global trade routes. The majority of the Company's leasing related revenue is denominated in U.S. dollars.




19


TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

The following table summarizes the geographic allocation of equipment leasing revenues for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 based on customers' primary domicile (in thousands):
 Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
 2021202020212020
Total equipment leasing revenues:  
Asia$135,853 $117,574 $259,747 $238,380 
Europe194,070 163,214 380,443 327,477 
Americas27,336 30,352 52,049 56,613 
Bermuda597 438 1,172 881 
Other International11,928 9,819 23,116 19,514 
Total$369,784 $321,397 $716,527 $642,865 

Since the majority of the Company's containers are used internationally, where no one container is domiciled in one particular place for a prolonged period of time, all of the Company's long-lived assets are considered to be international.

The following table summarizes the geographic allocation of equipment trading revenues for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 based on the location of the sale (in thousands):
 Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
 2021202020212020
Total equipment trading revenues:  
Asia$14,310 $3,154 $21,769 $4,686 
Europe5,040 5,261 12,162 10,213 
Americas10,834 6,844 19,375 13,439 
Bermuda
Other International2,999 1,644 5,822 3,945 
Total$33,183 $16,903 $59,128 $32,283 

Note 10—Commitments and Contingencies

Container Equipment Purchase Commitments

At June 30, 2021, the Company had commitments to purchase equipment in the amount of $1,138.6 million payable in 2021.

Contingencies

The Company is party to various pending or threatened legal or regulatory proceedings arising in the ordinary course of its business. Based upon information presently available, the Company does not expect any liabilities arising from these matters to have a material effect on the consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows of the Company.

Note 11—Income Taxes

The Company's effective tax rates were 17.4% and 8.7% for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and 11.0% and 7.7% for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The Company has computed the provision for income taxes based on the estimated annual effective tax rate and the application of discrete items, if any, in the applicable period. The increase in the effective tax rates in 2021 compared to the same periods in 2020 was primarily due to an increased proportion of the Company's income generated in higher tax jurisdictions as a result of the payment of a make-whole premium related to the termination of certain institutional notes in the second quarter of 2021. The taxes related to the Company's make-whole premium payment were recorded as a discrete item during the period.

20


TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Note 12—Related Party Transactions

The Company holds a 50% interest in TriStar Container Services (Asia) Private Limited ("TriStar"), which is primarily engaged in the selling and leasing of container equipment in the domestic and short sea markets in India.  The Company's equity investment in TriStar is included in Other assets on the consolidated balance sheet. The Company received payments on finance leases with TriStar of $0.5 million and $1.0 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, and $0.5 million and $0.9 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively. The Company has a direct finance lease balance with TriStar of $9.6 million and $10.3 million as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

Note 13—Subsequent Events

On July 20, 2021, the Company's Board of Directors approved and declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.57 per share on its issued and outstanding common shares, payable on September 23, 2021 to holders of record at the close of business on September 9, 2021.

On July 20, 2021, the Company's Board of Directors also approved and declared a cash dividend on its issued and outstanding preferred shares, payable on September 14, 2021 to holders of record at the close of business on September 7, 2021 as follows:
Preferred Share OfferingDividend RateDividend Per Share
Series A8.500%$0.5312500
Series B8.000%$0.5000000
Series C7.375%$0.4609375
Series D6.875%$0.4296875

21


ITEM 2.    MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The statements in this discussion regarding industry outlook, our expectations regarding our future performance, liquidity and capital resources and other non-historical statements are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, the risks and uncertainties described under "Risk Factors" and "Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements" as discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020 with the SEC on February 16, 2021 (the "Form 10-K"), in this Report on Form 10-Q and in any other Form 10-Q filed or to be filed by us, and in other documents we file with the SEC from time to time. Our actual results may differ materially from those contained in or implied by any forward-looking statements.

Our Company

Triton International Limited ("Triton", "we", "our" or the "Company") is the world's largest lessor of intermodal containers. Intermodal containers are large, standardized steel boxes used to transport freight by ship, rail or truck. Because of the handling efficiencies they provide, intermodal containers are the primary means by which many goods and materials are shipped internationally. We also lease chassis, which are used for the transportation of containers.

We operate our business in one industry, intermodal transportation equipment, and have two business segments, which also represent our reporting segments:
Equipment leasing - we own, lease and ultimately dispose of containers and chassis from our lease fleet.
Equipment trading - we purchase containers from shipping line customers, and other sellers of containers, and resell these containers to container retailers and users of containers for storage or one-way shipment.

Operations

Our consolidated operations include the acquisition, leasing, re-leasing and subsequent sale of multiple types of intermodal containers and chassis. As of June 30, 2021, our total fleet consisted of 4.0 million containers and chassis, representing 6.9 million twenty-foot equivalent units ("TEU") or 7.6 million cost equivalent units ("CEU"). We have an extensive global presence, offering leasing services through 19 offices and 3 independent agencies located in 16 countries and 407 third-party owned and operated depot facilities in 46 countries as of June 30, 2021. Our primary customers include the world's largest container shipping lines. For the six months ended June 30, 2021, our twenty largest customers accounted for 86% of our lease billings, our five largest customers accounted for 59% of our lease billings, and our three largest customers accounted for 20%, 14%, and 10% of our lease billings.

The most important driver of profitability in our business is the extent to which leasing revenues, which are driven by our owned equipment fleet size, utilization and average lease rates, exceed our ownership and operating costs. Our profitability is also driven by the gains or losses we realize on the sale of used containers in the ordinary course of our business.

We lease five types of equipment: (1) dry containers, which are used for general cargo such as manufactured component parts, consumer staples, electronics and apparel, (2) refrigerated containers, which are used for perishable items such as fresh and frozen foods, (3) special containers, which are used for heavy and over-sized cargo such as marble slabs, building products and machinery, (4) tank containers, which are used to transport bulk liquid products such as chemicals, and (5) chassis, which are used for the transportation of containers on land. Our in-house equipment sales group manages the sale process for our used containers and chassis from our equipment leasing fleet and buys and sells used and new containers and chassis acquired from third parties.


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The following tables summarize our equipment fleet as of June 30, 2021, December 31, 2020 and June 30, 2020 indicated in units, TEU and CEU. CEU and TEU are standard industry measures of fleet size and are used to measure the quantity of containers that make up our revenue earning assets:
 Equipment Fleet in UnitsEquipment Fleet in TEU
 June 30, 2021December 31, 2020June 30, 2020June 30, 2021December 31, 2020June 30, 2020
Dry3,604,794 3,295,908 3,215,482 6,084,381 5,466,421 5,287,639 
Refrigerated236,978 227,519 227,018 459,389 439,956 438,380 
Special93,238 93,885 93,996 170,259 170,792 170,977 
Tank11,513 11,312 12,439 11,513 11,312 12,439 
Chassis24,275 24,781 24,133 44,391 45,188 44,524 
Equipment leasing fleet3,970,798 3,653,405 3,573,068 6,769,933 6,133,669 5,953,959 
Equipment trading fleet53,802 64,243 79,778 84,455 98,991 123,377 
Total4,024,600 3,717,648 3,652,846 6,854,388 6,232,660 6,077,336 
 
Equipment Fleet in CEU (1)
 June 30, 2021December 31, 2020June 30, 2020
Operating leases7,171,845 6,649,350 6,478,561 
Finance leases369,130 295,784 317,159 
Equipment trading fleet82,980 98,420 120,654 
Total7,623,955 7,043,554 6,916,374 
(1)In the equipment fleet tables above, we have included total fleet count information based on CEU. CEU is a ratio used to convert the actual number of containers in our fleet to a figure based on an estimate for the historical average relative purchase prices of our various equipment types to that of a 20-foot dry container. For example, the CEU ratio for a 40-foot high cube dry container is 1.70, and a 40-foot high cube refrigerated container is 7.50. These factors may differ slightly from CEU ratios used by others in the industry.

The following table summarizes the percentage of our equipment fleet in terms of units and CEU as of June 30, 2021:
Equipment TypePercentage of total fleet in unitsPercentage of total fleet in CEU
Dry89.6 %69.9 %
Refrigerated5.9 23.0 
Special2.3 3.1 
Tank0.3 1.2 
Chassis0.6 1.7 
Equipment leasing fleet98.7 98.9 
Equipment trading fleet1.3 1.1 
Total100.0 %100.0 %

We generally lease our equipment on a per diem basis to our customers under three types of leases:
Long-term leases typically have initial contractual terms ranging from three to eight or more years and provide us with stable cash flow and low transaction costs by requiring customers to maintain specific units on-hire for the duration of the lease term. Some of our containers, primarily used containers, are placed on lifecycle leases which keep the containers on-hire until the end of their useful life.
Finance leases are typically structured as full payout leases and provide for a predictable recurring revenue stream with the lowest cost to the customer as customers are generally required to retain the equipment for the duration of its useful life.
Service leases command a premium per diem rate in exchange for providing customers with greater operational flexibility by allowing non-scheduled pick-up and drop-off of units during the lease term.

We also have expired long-term leases whose fixed terms have ended but for which the related units remain on-hire and for which we continue to receive rental payments pursuant to the terms of the initial contract. Some leases have contractual terms that have features reflective of both long-term and service leases and we classify such leases as either long-term or service leases, depending upon which features we believe are predominant.
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The following table summarizes our lease portfolio by lease type, based on CEU on-hire as of June 30, 2021, December 31, 2020 and June 30, 2020:
Lease PortfolioJune 30, 2021December 31, 2020June 30, 2020
Long-term leases75.3 %73.8 %71.5 %
Finance leases5.0 4.4 5.2 
Service leases6.0 7.2 7.7 
Expired long-term leases (units on-hire)13.7 14.6 15.6 
Total100.0 %100.0 %100.0 %

As of June 30, 2021, December 31, 2020 and June 30, 2020, our long-term and finance leases combined had an average remaining contractual term of approximately 55 months, 49 months, and 47 months, respectively, assuming no leases are renewed.

Market Overview and COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to have a meaningful impact on global trade and our business. The initial outbreak of COVID-19 and resulting social and economic lockdowns led to a sharp decrease in global trade in the first half of 2020. During this time, we faced weak demand for containers and pressure on our utilization and profitability. However, our lease portfolio provided strong protections and our utilization and profitability decreased gradually.

Trade volumes rebounded rapidly in the third quarter of 2020 as lockdowns eased and consumers shifted spending from services and experiences to goods. Demand for containers was further boosted by extensive logistical disruptions such as reduced port productivity and a shortage of trucking capacity that slowed turn times for containers. This strong and unexpected increase in container demand led to a severe shortage of containers and significant increases in the price of new and used containers and market leasing rates. In addition, we have been able to drive our utilization close to maximum levels and have invested aggressively in new containers to support our customers. Our profitability increased rapidly during the second half of 2020 and first half of 2021.

Economists expect some shift in consumption back to services and experiences as COVID-19 vaccinations are rolled out globally, and we expect global logistical bottlenecks will eventually ease. However, the timing for a return to more normal market conditions is uncertain.

Operating Performance

Our operating and financial performance in the second quarter of 2021 continued to benefit from very favorable market conditions driven by strong global trade volumes, logistical disruptions that have slowed container turn times, and limited availability of containers.

Fleet size. As of June 30, 2021, our revenue earning assets had a net book value of $10.5 billion, an increase of 19.9% from June 30, 2020 and 17.0% from December 31, 2020. This increase was primarily due to increased purchases of new containers in response to the surge in global containerized trade volumes and strong leasing demand, as well as higher container prices. As of July 23, 2021, we have placed orders for over $3.4 billion of containers for delivery in 2021. Approximately $1.8 billion of these containers were delivered through the end of the second quarter. The vast majority of containers that have not been delivered have already been committed to leases.

Utilization. Our average utilization was 99.4% for the quarter ended June 30, 2021, an increase of 4.4% compared to the second quarter of 2020 and an increase of 0.3% from the first quarter of 2021. Our utilization increased rapidly in the second half of 2020 due to a very high volume of container pick-ups and limited drop-off activity. In 2021, utilization has continued to increase although at a slower pace given the limited amount of available inventory. Our utilization ended the second quarter at 99.5% and currently stands at 99.6%.

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The following table summarizes our equipment fleet utilization for the periods indicated below. Utilization is computed by dividing our total units on lease (in CEU) by the total units in our fleet (in CEU) excluding new units not yet leased and off-hire units designated for sale:
 Quarter Ended
 June 30, 2021March 31,
2021
December 31,
2020
September 30,
2020
June 30,
2020
Average Utilization99.4 %99.1 %98.1 %96.1 %95.0 %
Ending Utilization99.5 %99.3 %98.9 %97.4 %94.8 %


Average lease rates. Average lease rates for our dry container product line increased by 5.1% in the second quarter of 2021 compared to the second quarter of 2020, and increased by 2.9% from the first quarter of 2021. The increase in our average dry container lease rates was primarily driven by the addition of new containers with lease rates well above the average rates in our lease portfolio. New container prices and market lease rates have increased sharply due to the surge in container demand. Container manufacturers are currently quoting over $3,800 for 20' dry containers and market lease rates for new dry containers remain well above the average dry container lease rates in our portfolio. We expect our average dry container lease rates will continue to increase if container prices and market lease rates remain at their current levels.

Average lease rates for our refrigerated container product line decreased by 5.1% in the second quarter of 2021 compared to the second quarter of 2020. During the second quarter of 2021, we completed a large lease extension transaction for refrigerated containers that lowered the lease rates on expired leases in return for a lease extension covering the remaining useful life of the equipment. We have also been experiencing larger differences in lease rates for older refrigerated containers compared to rates on new equipment, and we expect our average lease rates for refrigerated containers will continue to gradually trend down.

The average lease rates for special containers decreased by 2.0% in the second quarter of 2021 compared to the second quarter of 2020 primarily due to a lease extension transaction for a large number of special containers.

Equipment disposals. Disposal gains continued to be exceptionally strong through the second quarter of 2021, reflecting very high used container selling prices. Our average used dry container sale price in the second quarter of 2021 increased 21.1% from the first quarter of 2021, and increased 128.3% from the second quarter of 2020. The current worldwide shortage of containers and the large increase in new container prices has resulted in strong demand for used containers and continued increases in sale prices. The benefit of the large increase in used dry container sale prices was partially offset by a substantial decrease in disposal volumes compared to the second quarter of 2020. Container drop-off volumes have been very low due to the strong demand and our inventory of used containers for sale is limited. Our used dry container sales volumes decreased by 41.9% compared to the second quarter of 2020.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our principal sources of liquidity are cash flows provided by operating activities, proceeds from the sale of our leasing equipment, and borrowings under our credit facilities. Our principal uses of cash include capital expenditures, debt service, dividends, and share repurchases.

For the trailing twelve months ended June 30, 2021, cash provided by operating activities, together with the proceeds from the sale of our leasing equipment, was $1,411.2 million. In addition, as of June 30, 2021, we had $77.4 million of cash and cash equivalents and $2,530.0 million of maximum borrowing capacity under our current credit facilities.

As of June 30, 2021, our cash commitments in the next twelve months include $675.4 million of scheduled principal payments on our existing debt facilities and $1,550.1 million of committed but unpaid capital expenditures, primarily for the purchase of equipment.

We believe that cash provided by operating activities, existing cash, proceeds from the sale of our leasing equipment, and availability under our credit facilities will be sufficient to meet our obligations over the next twelve months.



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Debt Activity

During the three months ended June 30, 2021, the Company issued $1.7 billion of senior secured corporate notes with a range of maturities of 3 - 10 years at a weighted average interest rate of 2.2%. These corporate notes may become unsecured if we satisfy credit rating conditions specified in the indenture agreement. During the first quarter of 2021, the Company issued $1.2 billion in ABS notes at a weighted average interest rate of 1.8%. Proceeds from these issuances were primarily used to facilitate additional capital expenditures and prepay existing debt.

In June 2021, the Company prepaid $821.0 million in aggregate principal of its outstanding institutional notes with a weighted average interest rate of 4.1% and paid a related make-whole premium of $84.8 million.

Capital Activity

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 the Company paid dividends on preferred shares of $10.5 million and $21.0 million, respectively, and paid dividends on common shares of $38.2 million and $76.3 million, respectively.

For additional information on the Share Repurchase Program and Dividends, please refer to Note 5 - “Other Equity Matters” in the Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.

Debt Agreements

At June 30, 2021 our outstanding indebtedness was comprised of the following (amounts in millions):
June 30, 2021Maximum Borrowing Level
Institutional notes$648.9 $648.9 
Asset-backed securitization term notes3,984.8 3,984.8 
Corporate notes1,700.0 1,700.0 
Term loan facility405.0 1,200.0 
Asset-backed securitization warehouse185.0 1,125.0 
Revolving credit facilities765.0 1,560.0 
Finance lease obligations16.2 16.2 
Total debt outstanding$7,704.9 $10,234.9 
Unamortized debt costs(63.2)— 
Unamortized debt premiums & discounts(3.5)— 
Unamortized fair value debt adjustment1.4 — 
Debt, net of unamortized costs$7,639.6 $10,234.9 

The maximum borrowing levels depicted in the table above may not reflect the actual availability under all of the credit facilities. Certain of these facilities are governed by borrowing bases that limit borrowing capacity to an established percentage of relevant assets. As of June 30, 2021, the availability under these credit facilities without adding additional container assets to the borrowing base was approximately $797.5 million.
As of June 30, 2021, we had a combined $7,389.3 million of total debt with fixed interest rates or floating interest rates that have been synthetically fixed through interest rate swap contracts, which accounts for 96% of total debt.

Pursuant to the terms of certain debt agreements, we are required to maintain certain amounts in restricted cash accounts. As of June 30, 2021, we had restricted cash of $127.5 million.

For additional information on our debt, please refer to Note 7 - "Debt" in the Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.


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Debt Covenants

We are subject to certain financial covenants related to leverage, interest coverage and net worth as defined in our debt agreements. The debt agreements are the obligations of our subsidiaries and all related debt covenants are calculated at the subsidiary level. Failure to comply with these covenants could result in a default under the related credit agreements and the acceleration of our outstanding debt if we were unable to obtain a waiver from the creditors. As of June 30, 2021, we were in compliance with all such covenants. The table below reflects the key debt covenants for the Company that cover the majority of our debt agreements:
TCILTAL
Financial CovenantCovenantActualCovenantActual
Fixed charge coverage ratioShall not be less than 1.25:12.15:1Shall not be less than 1.10:12.98:1
Minimum net worthShall not be less than $855 million$2,153.4 millionShall not be less than $500 million$1,032.1 million
Leverage ratioShall not exceed 4.0:12.78:1Shall not exceed 4.75:11.48:1


Cash Flow

The following table sets forth certain cash flow information for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (in thousands):
 Six Months Ended June 30,
 20212020
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities$613,319 $416,569 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities$(1,600,092)$(118,028)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities$1,039,653 $(116,630)

Operating Activities

Net cash provided by operating activities increased by $196.8 million to $613.3 million in the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $416.6 million in the same period in 2020. The significant increase was primarily due to an increase in profitability due to strong market conditions. Additionally, changes in working capital accounts were mostly positive compared to the same period last year.

Investing Activities

Net cash used in investing activities increased by $1,482.1 million to $1,600.1 million in the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $118.0 million in the same period in 2020. The change was primarily due to a $1,498.1 million increase in leasing equipment purchases to support the strong container demand.

Financing Activities

Net cash provided by financing activities increased by $1,156.3 million to $1,039.7 million in the six months ended June 30, 2021, compared to net cash used in financing activities of $116.6 million in the same period in 2020. The increase was primarily due to a $1,243.7 million increase in net borrowings to finance the substantial purchase of leasing equipment.



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Results of Operations

The following table summarizes our comparative results of operations for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (in thousands).
 Three Months Ended June 30,
20212020Variance
Leasing revenues:  
Operating leases$360,859 $313,423 $47,436 
Finance leases8,925 7,974 951 
Total leasing revenues369,784 321,397 48,387 
Equipment trading revenues33,183 16,903 16,280 
Equipment trading expenses(22,457)(14,883)(7,574)
Trading margin10,726 2,020 8,706 
Net gain on sale of leasing equipment31,391 4,537 26,854 
Operating expenses:
Depreciation and amortization154,056 133,292 20,764 
Direct operating expenses6,337 29,619 (23,282)
Administrative expenses22,979 20,472 2,507 
Provision (reversal) for doubtful accounts(26)374 (400)
Total operating expenses183,346 183,757 (411)
Operating income (loss)228,555 144,197 84,358 
Other expenses:
Interest and debt expense60,004 66,874 (6,870)
Debt termination expense89,863 — 89,863 
Other (income) expense, net(261)36 (297)
Total other expenses149,606 66,910 82,696 
Income (loss) before income taxes78,949 77,287 1,662 
Income tax expense (benefit)13,732 6,699 7,033 
Net income (loss)$65,217 $70,588 $(5,371)
Less: dividend on preferred shares10,513 10,513 — 
Net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders$54,704 $60,075 $(5,371)
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Comparison of the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020

Leasing revenues.    Per diem revenue represents revenue earned under operating lease contracts. Fee and ancillary lease revenue represents fees billed for the pick-up and drop-off of containers in certain geographic locations and billings of certain reimbursable operating costs such as repair and handling expenses. Finance lease revenue represents interest income earned under finance lease contracts. The following table summarizes our leasing revenue for the periods indicated below (in thousands):
 Three Months Ended June 30,
 20212020Variance
Leasing revenues:  
Operating leases  
Per diem revenues$353,277 $294,748 $58,529 
Fee and ancillary revenues7,582 18,675 (11,093)
Total operating lease revenues360,859 313,423 47,436 
Finance leases8,925 7,974 951 
Total leasing revenues$369,784 $321,397 $48,387 

Total leasing revenues were $369.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021, compared to $321.4 million in the same period in 2020, an increase of $48.4 million.

Per diem revenues were $353.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $294.7 million in the same period in 2020, an increase of $58.6 million. The primary reasons for this increase are as follows:
$50.4 million increase due to an increase of over 1.0 million CEU in the average number of units on-hire;
$6.8 million increase primarily due to an increase in average per diem rates for our dry containers partially offset by a decrease in average per diem rates for our refrigerated containers; and
$1.3 million increase due to a decrease in lease intangible amortization.

Fee and ancillary lease revenues were $7.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $18.7 million in the same period in 2020, a decrease of $11.1 million, primarily due to lower drop-off activity.

Finance lease revenues were $8.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $8.0 million in the same period in 2020, an increase of $0.9 million. The increase was primarily due to the addition of several new finance leases partially offset by the runoff of the existing portfolio.

Trading margin.    Trading margin was $10.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $2.0 million in the same period in 2020, an increase of $8.7 million. The increase was due to an increase in per container selling margins due to a significant increase in used container selling prices.

Net gain on sale of leasing equipment.    Gain on sale of equipment was $31.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $4.5 million in the same period in 2020, an increase of $26.9 million. The increase was primarily due to a 128.3% increase in the average sale price of our used dry containers. This increase was partially offset by a 41.9% decrease in sales volume due to very low container drop-off volumes and our limited inventory of containers available for sale.

Depreciation and amortization.    Depreciation and amortization was $154.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $133.3 million in the same period in 2020, an increase of $20.8 million. The primary reasons for the increase are as follows:
$29.5 million increase due to the increased size of our container fleet; partially offset by
$7.5 million decrease due to an increase in the number of containers that have become fully depreciated.

Direct operating expenses.    Direct operating expenses primarily consist of our costs to repair equipment returned off lease, store equipment when it is not on lease and reposition equipment from locations with weak leasing demand. Direct operating expenses were $6.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $29.6 million in the same period in 2020, a decrease of $23.3 million. The primary reasons for the decrease are as follows:
$12.2 million decrease in storage expense resulting from a decrease in the number of idle units; and
$7.9 million decrease in repair and handling expense primarily due to lower drop-off activity.

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Administrative expenses.    Administrative expenses were $23.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $20.5 million in the same period in 2020, an increase of $2.5 million, which was primarily due to an increase in incentive compensation expense.

Provision (reversal) for doubtful accounts. There was an immaterial reversal for doubtful accounts for the three months ended June 30, 2021, compared to a provision of $0.4 million in the same period in 2020. The decrease is primarily due to lower reserves against customer receivables.

Interest and debt expense.    Interest and debt expense was $60.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021, compared to $66.9 million in the same period in 2020, a decrease of $6.9 million. The primary reasons for the decrease are as follows:
$12.6 million decrease due to a decrease in the average effective interest rate to 3.20% from 3.92%; partially offset by
$5.9 million increase due to an increase in the average debt balance of $731.3 million.

Debt termination expense.    Debt termination expense was $89.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to no expense in the same period in 2020. The increase was primarily due to the payment of a make-whole premium related to the prepayment of $821.0 million of institutional notes in June 2021.

Income taxes. Income tax expense was $13.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $6.7 million in the same period in 2020, an increase in income tax expense of $7.0 million. Pre-tax income in the second quarter of 2021 was relatively unchanged compared to the second quarter of 2020 due to a charge for a make-whole premium included in debt termination costs. However, a larger portion of pre-tax income was generated in higher tax jurisdictions which resulted in an increase to in income tax expense.
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Results of Operations

The following table summarizes our comparative results of operations for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (in thousands).
 Six Months Ended June 30,
20212020Variance
Leasing revenues:
Operating leases$700,653 $626,227 $74,426 
Finance leases15,874 16,638 (764)
Total leasing revenues716,527 642,865 73,662 
Equipment trading revenues59,128 32,283 26,845 
Equipment trading expenses(40,261)(28,330)(11,931)
Trading margin18,867 3,953 14,914 
Net gain on sale of leasing equipment53,358 8,614 44,744 
Operating expenses:  
Depreciation and amortization297,363 265,987 31,376 
Direct operating expenses15,707 52,867 (37,160)
Administrative expenses43,900 39,697 4,203 
Provision (reversal) for doubtful accounts(2,490)4,653 (7,143)
Total operating expenses354,480 363,204 (8,724)
Operating income (loss)434,272 292,228 142,044 
Other expenses:  
Interest and debt expense114,627 135,876 (21,249)
Debt termination expense89,863 31 89,832 
Other (income) expense, net(742)(3,548)2,806 
Total other expenses203,748 132,359 71,389 
Income (loss) before income taxes230,524 159,869 70,655 
Income tax expense (benefit)25,469 12,245 13,224 
Net income (loss)$205,055 $147,624 $57,431 
Less: dividend on preferred shares21,026 20,338 688 
Net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders$184,029 $127,286 $56,743 
31


Comparison of the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020

Leasing revenues.    Per diem revenue represents revenue earned under operating lease contracts. Fee and ancillary lease revenue represents fees billed for the pick-up and drop-off of containers in certain geographic locations and billings of certain reimbursable operating costs such as repair and handling expenses. Finance lease revenue represents interest income earned under finance lease contracts. The following table summarizes our leasing revenue for the periods indicated below (in thousands):
 Six Months Ended June 30,
 20212020Variance
Leasing revenues:  
Operating leases  
Per diem revenues$684,529 $593,234 $91,295 
Fee and ancillary revenues16,124 32,993 (16,869)
Total operating lease revenues700,653 626,227 74,426 
Finance leases15,874 16,638 (764)
Total leasing revenues$716,527 $642,865 $73,662 

Total leasing revenues were $716.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021, compared to $642.9 million, in the same period in 2020, an increase of $73.6 million.

Per diem revenues were $684.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $593.2 million in the same period in 2020, an increase of $91.3 million. The primary reasons for this increase are as follows:
$83.2 million increase due to an increase of over 0.8 million CEU in the average number of units on-hire;
$5.2 million increase primarily due to an increase in average per diem rates for our dry containers partially offset by a decrease in average per diem rates for our refrigerated containers; and
$2.9 million increase due to a decrease in lease intangible amortization.

Fee and ancillary lease revenues were $16.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $33.0 million in the same period in 2020, a decrease of $16.9 million, primarily due to lower drop-off activity.

Finance lease revenues were $15.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $16.6 million in the same period in 2020, a decrease of $0.7 million. This decrease is primarily due to the amortization of the existing portfolio, largely offset by the addition of several new finance leases.

Trading margin.    Trading margin was $18.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $4.0 million in the same period in 2020, an increase of $14.9 million. The increase was due to an increase in per container selling margins due to a significant increase in used container selling prices.

Net gain (loss) on sale of leasing equipment.    Gain on sale of equipment was $53.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $8.6 million in the same period in 2020, an increase of $44.8 million. The increase was primarily due to a 110.1% increase in the average sale price of our used dry containers, partially offset by a 44.5% decrease in sales volume due to very low container drop-off volumes and our limited inventory of containers available for sale.

Depreciation and amortization.    Depreciation and amortization was $297.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $266.0 million in the same period in 2020, an increase of $31.4 million. The primary reasons for the increase are as follows:
$48.6 million increase due to the increased size of our container fleet; partially offset by
$15.0 million decrease due to an increase in the number of containers that have become fully depreciated.

Direct operating expenses.    Direct operating expenses primarily consist of our costs to repair equipment returned off lease, store equipment when it is not on lease and reposition equipment from locations with weak leasing demand. Direct operating expenses were $15.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $52.9 million in the same period in 2020, a decrease of $37.2 million. The primary reasons for the decrease are as follows:
$22.4 million decrease in storage expense resulting from a decrease in the number of idle units; and
$12.0 million decrease in repair and handling expense primarily due to lower drop-off activity.
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Administrative expenses.    Administrative expenses were $43.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $39.7 million in the same period in 2020, an increase of $4.2 million, which was primarily due to an increase in incentive compensation expense.

Provision (reversal) for doubtful accounts.    There was a reversal for doubtful accounts of $2.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to a provision of $4.7 million in the same period in 2020, a decrease of $7.2 million. We reversed reserves in the first quarter of 2021 which were recorded in the first quarter of last year against a mid-sized customer's receivable.

Interest and debt expense.    Interest and debt expense was $114.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021, compared to $135.9 million in the same period in 2020, a decrease of $21.3 million. The primary reasons for the decrease are as follows:
$27.7 million decrease due to a decrease in the average effective interest rate to 3.25% from 4.05%; partially offset by
$6.8 million increase due to an increase in the average debt balance of $418.5 million.

Debt termination expense.    Debt termination expense was $89.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to an immaterial amount in the same period in 2020. The increase was primarily due to the payment of a make-whole premium related to the prepayment of $821.0 million of institutional notes in June 2021.

Income taxes. Income tax expense was $25.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $12.2 million in the same period in 2020, an increase in income tax expense of $13.3 million. The increase in income tax expense was the result of an increase in pre-tax income and an increase in the portion of income generated in higher tax jurisdictions.
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Contractual Obligations

We are party to various operating and finance leases and are obligated to make payments related to our borrowings. We are also obligated under various commercial commitments, including obligations to our equipment manufacturers. Our equipment manufacturer obligations are in the form of conventional accounts payable, and are satisfied by cash flows from operations and financing activities.

The following table summarizes our contractual obligations and commercial commitments as of June 30, 2021 and the effect such obligations are expected to have on our liquidity and cash flows in future periods:
 Contractual Obligations by Period
Contractual Obligations:TotalRemaining 202120222023202420252026 and thereafter
(dollars in millions)
Principal debt obligations$7,688.6 $295.0 $662.5 $858.1 $1,885.1 $386.3 $3,601.6 
Interest on debt obligations(1)
963.9 103.5 190.9 168.0 130.7 103.6 267.2 
Finance lease obligations(2)
16.7 1.5 15.2 — — — — 
Operating leases (mainly facilities)7.9 1.8 3.5 2.1 0.4 0.1 — 
Purchase obligations:     
Equipment purchases payable411.5 411.5 — — — — — 
Equipment purchase commitments1,138.6 1,138.6 — — — — — 
Total contractual obligations$10,219.3 $1,950.1 $868.6 $1,026.1 $2,015.8 $489.9 $3,868.8 
(1)Amounts include actual interest for fixed debt, estimated interest for floating-rate debt and interest rate swaps which are in a payable position based on June 30, 2021 rates.
(2)Amounts include interest.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

As of June 30, 2021, we did not have any relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, which are often referred to as structured finance or special purpose entities, which would have been established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements. We are, therefore, not exposed to any financing, liquidity, market or credit risk that could arise if we had engaged in such relationships.

Critical Accounting Policies

Our consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with GAAP, which requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts and disclosures reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. We base our estimates and judgments on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances. We evaluate our estimates and assumptions on an ongoing basis. Our actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. Our critical accounting policies are discussed in our Form 10-K.
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ITEM 3.    QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Market risk is the risk of loss to future earnings, values or cash flows that may result from changes in the price of a financial instrument. The fair value of a financial instrument, derivative or non-derivative, might change as a result of changes in interest rates, exchange rates, commodity prices, equity prices and other market changes. We have operations internationally and we are exposed to market risks in the ordinary course of our business. These risks include interest rate and foreign currency exchange rate risks.

Interest Rate Risk

We enter into derivative agreements to fix the interest rates on a portion of our floating-rate debt. We assess and manage the external and internal risk associated with these derivative instruments in accordance with our overall operating goals. External risk is defined as those risks outside of our direct control, including counterparty credit risk, liquidity risk, systemic risk and legal risk. Internal risk relates to those operational risks within the management oversight structure and includes actions taken in contravention of our policies.

The primary external risk of our derivative agreements is counterparty credit exposure, which is defined as the ability of a counterparty to perform its financial obligations under the agreement. All of our derivative agreements are with highly-rated financial institutions. Credit exposures are measured based on the market value of outstanding derivative instruments. In order to monitor counterparty credit exposure, both current and potential exposures are calculated.

As of June 30, 2021, we had derivative agreements in place to fix interest rates on a portion of our borrowings under debt facilities with floating interest rates as summarized below:
DerivativesNotional AmountWeighted Average
Fixed Leg (Pay) Interest Rate
Cap RateWeighted Average
Remaining Term
Interest Rate Swap(1)
$1,671.5 Million2.02%n/a4.6 years
Interest Rate Cap$400.0 Millionn/a5.5%2.4 years
(1)     The impact of forward starting swaps with total notional amount of $350.0 million will increase the weighted average remaining term to 5.6 years.

Our derivative agreements are designated as cash flow hedges for accounting purposes. Any unrealized gains or losses related to the changes in fair value are recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income and reclassified to interest and debt expense as they are realized. As of June 30, 2021, we do not have any material non-designated derivatives. Prior to the third quarter of 2020, a portion of our swap portfolio was not designated and unrealized and realized changes in the fair value of these agreements were recognized in the consolidated statements of operations as other (income) expense, net.

Approximately 96% of our debt is either fixed or hedged using derivative instruments which helps mitigate the impact of changes in short-term interest rates. A 100 basis point increase in the interest rates on our unhedged debt (primarily LIBOR) would result in an increase of approximately $3.0 million in interest expense over the next 12 months.

Foreign currency exchange rate risk

Although we have significant foreign-based operations, the majority of our revenues and our operating expenses are denominated in U.S. dollars. However, we pay our non-U.S. employees in local currencies and certain operating expenses are denominated in foreign currencies. Net foreign currency exchange gains and losses were immaterial for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.

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ITEM 4.    CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES.

Our senior management has evaluated the effectiveness and design of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined under Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)), as of June 30, 2021. Based upon their evaluation of these disclosure controls and procedures, our Chief Executive Officer and our Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer concluded, as of June 30, 2021, that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There have been no changes in our internal controls over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that occurred during the three months ended June 30, 2021, which have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
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PART II—OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1.    LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

From time to time, we are a party to litigation matters arising in connection with the normal course of our business. While we cannot predict the outcome of these matters, in the opinion of our management, based on information presently available to us, we believe that we have adequate legal defenses, reserves or insurance coverage and any liability arising from these matters will not have a material adverse effect on our business. Nevertheless, unexpected adverse future events, such as an unforeseen development in our existing proceedings, a significant increase in the number of new cases or changes in our current insurance arrangements could result in liabilities that have a material adverse impact on our business.

ITEM 1A.    RISK FACTORS.

For detailed discussion of our risk factors, refer to our Form 10-K.

ITEM 2.    UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS.

Share Repurchase Program

During the three months ended June 30, 2021, the Company made no repurchases of its common shares. As of June 30, 2021, the Company has $102.1 million remaining under the current authorization.
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ITEM 6.    EXHIBITS.
Exhibit
Number
Exhibit Description
Amended and Restated Bye-Laws of Triton International Limited.
Term Loan Agreement, dated as of May 27, 2021, by and among Triton Container International Limited, as Borrower, various lenders, and PNC Bank, National Association, as a lender and Administrative Agent
Certification of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended
Certification of the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended
Certification by Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350
Certification by Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350
101.INSXBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear on the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document
101.SCHXBRL Instance Extension Schema
101.CALXBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase
101.DEFXBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase
101.LABXBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase
101.PREXBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase
104Cover Page Inline XBRL Data (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)
______________________________________________________________________________
*Filed herewith.
**Furnished herewith.
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SIGNATURE

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 TRITON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
July 27, 2021By:/s/ JOHN BURNS
John Burns
Chief Financial Officer
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