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PHUN Phunware

Filed: 12 Nov 21, 5:26pm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
    QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2021
    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                    to                 
Commission file number: 001-37862
PHUNWARE, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware30-1205798
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
7800 Shoal Creek Blvd, Suite 230-S, Austin, Texas78757
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: 512-693-4199
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class:Trading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered:
Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per sharePHUNThe NASDAQ Capital Market
Warrants to purchase one share of Common StockPHUNWThe NASDAQ Capital Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes   No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
   Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No
As of November 9, 2021, 96,261,780 shares of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, were issued and outstanding.





i


SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report (the “Report”) includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). These forward-looking statements are intended to be covered by the safe harbor for forward-looking statements provided by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements other than statements of historical facts contained in this Report, including statements regarding our future results of operations and financial position, business strategy and plans, and our objectives for future operations, are forward-looking statements. The words “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “might,” “plan,” “possible,” “potential,” “predict,” “project,” “should,” “will,” “would” and similar expressions that convey uncertainty of future events or outcomes are intended to identify forward-looking statements, but the absence of these words does not mean that a statement is not forward-looking.
The forward-looking statements contained in this Report are based on our current expectations and beliefs concerning future developments and their potential effects on us. Future developments affecting us may not be those that we have anticipated. These forward-looking statements involve a number of risks, uncertainties (some of which are beyond our control) and other assumptions that may cause actual results or performance to be materially different from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those factors described under the heading “Risk Factors.” Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should any of our assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may vary in material respects from those projected in these forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as may be required under applicable securities laws. These risks and others described under “Risk Factors” may not be exhaustive.
By their nature, forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties because they relate to events and depend on circumstances that may or may not occur in the future. We caution you that forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and that our actual results of operations, financial condition and liquidity, and developments in the industry in which we operate may differ materially from those made in or suggested by the forward-looking statements contained in this Report. In addition, even if our results of operations, financial condition and liquidity, and developments in the industry in which we operate are consistent with the forward-looking statements contained in this Report, those results or developments may not be indicative of results or developments in subsequent periods.
ii

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
1

Phunware, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet
(In thousands, except share and per share information)
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
(Unaudited)
Assets
Current assets:
Cash$882 $3,940 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $606 and $356 at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively1,223 664 
Digital currencies789 — 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets745 304 
Total current assets3,639 4,908 
Property and equipment, net— 13 
Goodwill25,883 25,900 
Intangible assets, net38 111 
Deferred tax asset537 537 
Restricted cash91 91 
Right-of-use asset1,486 — 
Other assets276 276 
Total assets$31,950 $31,836 
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity (deficit)
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$7,085 $8,462 
Accrued expenses2,417 5,353 
Accrued legal settlement— 3,000 
Lease liability486 — 
Deferred revenue1,815 2,397 
PhunCoin deposits1,202 1,202 
Current maturities of long-term debt, net83 4,435 
Warrant liability1,762 1,614 
Total current liabilities14,850 26,463 
Long-term debt849 3,762 
Long-term debt - related party195 195 
Deferred tax liability537 537 
Deferred revenue1,262 2,678 
Lease liability1,232 — 
Deferred rent— 180 
Total liabilities18,925 33,815 
Commitments and contingencies00
Stockholders’ equity (deficit)
Common stock, $0.0001 par value; 1,000,000,000 shares authorized at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020; 75,556,118 and 56,380,111 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively
Additional paid-in capital180,887 144,156 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(356)(338)
Accumulated deficit(167,514)(145,803)
Total stockholders’ equity (deficit)13,025 (1,979)
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity (deficit)$31,950 $31,836 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
2

Phunware, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(In thousands, except per share information)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
2021202020212020
Net revenues$2,160 $3,130 $5,242 $7,983 
Cost of revenues1,026 898 2,842 2,757 
Gross profit1,134 2,232 2,400 5,226 
Operating expenses:
Sales and marketing715 383 1,910 1,265 
General and administrative3,296 4,276 9,075 11,981 
Research and development1,160 572 3,058 1,811 
Legal settlement— 4,500 — 4,500 
Total operating expenses5,171 9,731 14,043 19,557 
Operating loss(4,037)(7,499)(11,643)(14,331)
Other income (expense):
Interest income (expense)(1,362)(4,057)(1,923)
Loss on extinguishment of debt— (950)(7,952)(1,031)
Impairment of digital currency— — (776)— 
Gain (loss) on change in fair value of warrant liability1,501 1,244 (148)1,244 
Gain on forgiveness of PPP loan2,850 — 2,850 — 
Other income51 — 15 — 
Total other income (expense)4,409 (1,068)(10,068)(1,710)
Income (loss) before taxes372 (8,567)(21,711)(16,041)
Income tax expense— — — — 
Net income (loss)372 (8,567)(21,711)(16,041)
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Cumulative translation adjustment(33)47 (18)(28)
Comprehensive income (loss)$339 $(8,520)$(21,729)$(16,069)
Net income (loss) per common share, basic$0.01 $(0.19)$(0.31)$(0.38)
Net income (loss) per common share, diluted$— $(0.19)$(0.31)$(0.38)
Weighted-average common shares used to compute net income (loss) per share, basic74,347 44,304 70,185 42,089 
Weighted-average common shares used to compute net income (loss) per share, diluted74,699 44,304 70,185 42,089 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
3

Phunware, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Common StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Deficit
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Total Stockholders’
Equity (Deficit)
SharesAmount
Balance - June 30, 202172,736 $$177,254 $(167,886)$(323)$9,052 
Exercise of stock options, net of vesting of restricted shares— — — 
Release of restricted stock772 — — — — — 
Sales of common stock, net of issuance cost2,039 2,170 — — 2,171 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 1,462 — — 1,462 
Cumulative translation adjustment— — — — (33)(33)
Net income— — — 372 — 372
Balance - September 30, 202175,549 $$180,887 $(167,514)$(356)$13,025 
Balance - December 31, 202056,371 $$144,156 $(145,803)$(338)$(1,979)
Exercise of stock options, net of vesting of restricted shares133 — 71 — — 71 
Release of restricted stock1,784 — — — — — 
Issuance of common stock for payment of board of director fees99 — 66 — — 66 
Sales of common stock, net of issuance costs17,162 32,706 — — 32,708 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 3,888 — — 3,888 
Cumulative translation adjustment— — — — (18)(18)
Net loss— — — (21,711)— (21,711)
Balance - September 30, 202175,549 $$180,887 $(167,514)$(356)$13,025 
4

Common StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Deficit
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
SharesAmount
Balance - June 30, 202043,555 $$132,045 $(131,078)$(457)$514 
Exercise of stock options, net of vesting of restricted shares33 — — — 
Release of restricted stock388 — — — — — 
Issuance of common stock for payment of legal, earned bonus, and board of director fees    164 — 225 — — 225 
Sale of common stock1,302 1,341 — — 1,342 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 1,708 — — 1,708 
Reacquisition of equity component of Senior Convertible Note— — (89)— — (89)
Cumulative translation adjustment— — — — 47 47 
Net loss— — — (8,567)— (8,567)
Balance - September 30, 202045,442 $$135,239 $(139,645)$(410)$(4,811)
Balance - December 31, 201939,811 $$128,008 $(123,604)$(382)$4,026 
Exercise of stock options, net of vesting of restricted shares186 — 96 — — 96 
Release of restricted stock1,082 — — — — — 
Issuance of common stock for payment of legal, earned bonus, and board of director fees     1,297 — 1,239 — 1,239 
Sale of common stock1,302 1,341 — — 1,342 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 3,458 — — 3,458 
Issuance of common stock upon partial conversions of Senior Convertible Note1,764 — 2,266 — — 2,266 
Reacquisition of equity component of Senior Convertible Notes— — (1,388)— — (1,388)
Equity classified cash conversion feature of Senior Convertible Notes— — 219 — — 219
Cumulative translation adjustment— — — (28)(28)
Net loss— — — (16,041)(16,041)
Balance - September 30, 202045,442 $$135,239 $(139,645)$(410)$(4,811)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
5

Phunware, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
20212020
Operating activities
Net loss$(21,711)$(16,041)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
Amortization of debt discount and deferred financing costs2,770 1,217 
Loss (gain) on change in fair value of warrant liability148 (1,244)
Loss on extinguishment of debt7,952 1,031 
Impairment of digital currencies776 — 
Gain on forgiveness of PPP loan(2,850)— 
Stock-based compensation3,933 3,458 
Other adjustments297 145 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable(272)551 
Prepaid expenses and other assets(345)(94)
Accounts payable(1,236)536 
Accrued expenses(2,891)1,332 
Accrued legal settlement(3,000)4,500 
Lease liability payments(662)— 
Deferred revenue(1,998)(1,906)
Net cash used in operating activities(19,089)(6,515)
Investing activities
Purchase of digital currencies(1,497)— 
Net cash used in investing activities(1,497)— 
Financing activities
Proceeds from borrowings, net of issuance costs9,980 10,207 
Proceeds from related party bridge loans— 560 
Payments on senior convertible notes(25,116)(3,948)
Payments on related party notes— (200)
Net repayments on factoring agreement— (638)
Proceeds from exercise of options to purchase common stock73 95 
Proceeds from sales of common stock, net of issuance costs32,610 1,341 
Net cash provided by financing activities17,547 7,417 
Effect of exchange rate on cash and restricted cash(19)(30)
Net (decrease) increase in cash and restricted cash(3,058)872 
Cash and restricted cash at the beginning of the period4,031 362 
Cash and restricted cash at the end of the period$973 $1,234 

6

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
Interest paid$1,315 $681 
Income taxes paid$— $— 
Supplemental disclosures of non-cash financing activities:
Proceeds not yet received for sales of common stock$97 $— 
Issuance of common stock for payment of legal, earned bonus and board of director fees$66 $1,239 
Issuance of common stock upon partial conversions of senior convertible note$— $2,266 
Reacquisition of equity component of senior convertible note$— $(1,388)
Equity classified cash conversion feature of senior convertible note$— $219 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
7

Phunware, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(In thousands, except share and per share information)
(Unaudited)
1. The Company and Basis of Presentation
The Company
Phunware, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the “Company”, "we", "us", or "our") offers a fully integrated software platform that equips companies with the products, solutions and services necessary to engage, manage and monetize their mobile application portfolios globally at scale. Phunware’s Multiscreen-as-a-Service ("MaaS") platform provides the entire mobile lifecycle of applications and media in one login through one procurement relationship. The Company’s MaaS technology is available in software development kit form for organizations developing their own application, via customized development services and prepackaged solutions. Through its integrated mobile advertising platform of publishers and advertisers, the Company provides in-app application transactions for mobile audience building, user acquisition, application discovery, audience engagement and audience monetization. Founded in 2009, we are a Delaware corporation headquartered in Austin, Texas.
Basis of Presentation
The condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”) and include the Company’s accounts and those of its wholly owned subsidiaries. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.
The balance sheet at December 31, 2020 was derived from our audited consolidated financial statements, but these interim condensed consolidated financial statements do not include all the annual disclosures required by U.S. GAAP. These interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2020, which are referenced herein. The accompanying interim condensed consolidated financial statements as of September 30, 2021 and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, are unaudited. The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a basis consistent with the audited financial statements, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") for interim financial statements. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. In the opinion of management, the financial statements reflect all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary to fairly state our financial position as of September 30, 2021 and the results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, and cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020. The results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the year ending December 31, 2021 or for any future interim period.
Certain reclassifications have been made to our condensed consolidated statement of cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2020. We combined individual line items that we considered to be immaterial and recorded these in our condensed consolidated statement of cash flows as other adjustments to conform to current year presentation. These reclassifications had no impact on previously reported operating, investing or financing cash flows.
Revised Financial Statements
During the preparation of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, the Company determined that it had inaccurately accounted for an adjustment to certain terms of an outstanding warrant issued in conjunction with our 2020 Convertible Notes (defined below). As a result of our underwritten public offering in February 2021, the number of shares issuable and the exercise price were each adjusted pursuant to the terms of the warrant. While we accurately accounted for the decrease in the exercise price (from $4.00 per share to $2.25 per share), we did not account for the increase in the number of shares available for exercise under the warrant, from 2,160,000 shares to 3,840,000 shares. This resulted in an understatement of net loss during the three months ended March 31, 2021, an overstatement of net loss for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and an understatement of net loss for the six months ended June 30, 2021. We assessed the materiality of this misstatement in accordance with Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 108, "Quantifying Misstatements" and concluded this error was not qualitatively material as there was no impact on cash, operating income, or cash flow from operations, among other considerations. However, we determined this error was a material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting. See Part I, Item 4, "Controls and Procedures," included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for further discussion.
8

The correction of this error resulted in adjustments to our condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, and our condensed consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2021 and June 30, 2021. As such, the balance of accumulated deficit and total stockholders' equity as of June 30, 2021 contained within in our condensed consolidated statement of changes in stockholders’ equity (deficit) for the three months ended September 30, 2021 has been revised. Disclosure of the revised amounts will also be reflected in future filings containing applicable periods.
The effect of this revision on certain line items within our condensed consolidated balance sheets and condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss) for the interim periods subject to the revision is set forth below:
As of or for the three months ended
March 31, 2021
Previously reportedAdjustmentsAs revised
Warrant liability$2,499 $1,944 $4,443 
Accumulated deficit$(158,166)$(1,944)$(160,110)
Loss on change in fair value of warrant liability$(885)$(1,944)$(2,829)
Net loss$(12,363)$(1,944)$(14,307)
Net loss per common share, basic and diluted$(0.19)$(0.03)$(0.22)
As of or for the three months ended
June 30, 2021
Previously reportedAdjustmentsAs revised
Warrant liability$1,836 $1,427 $3,263 
Accumulated deficit$(166,459)$(1,427)$(167,886)
Gain on change in fair value of warrant liability$663 $517 $1,180 
Net loss$(8,293)$517 $(7,776)
Net loss per common share, basic and diluted$(0.12)$0.01 $(0.11)
The revision had no impact on revenue, gross profit and operating income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, as well as, our net loss and cash used in operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2021.
Going Concern, Liquidity and Management’s Plan
Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 205-40, Presentation of Financial Statements - Going Concern ("ASC 205-40") requires management to evaluate whether conditions and/or events raise substantial doubt about our ability to meet future financial obligations as they become due within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued. As required by this standard, management’s evaluation shall initially not take into consideration the potential mitigating effects of management’s plans that have not been fully implemented as of the date the financial statements are issued.
During the quarter ended September 30, 2021, we secured additional financing through the sale of our common stock through an at-the-market offering, as more fully described in Note 9 below. Furthermore, as detailed in Note 13, "Subsequent Events", we have raised additional cash proceeds from the issuance of our common stock and the exercise of warrants for our common stock. Subsequent to September 30, 2021, we raised net proceeds totaling approximately $66,696, of which $62,061 was cash proceeds from our at-the-market offerings and $4,635 from a partial exercise of a warrant that was issued to our 2020 Convertible Notes holder.
We have a history of net losses and although we anticipate our future cash outflows to exceed cash inflows as we continue to invest in revenue growth, as a result of the subsequent cash financings described above, we believe we have sufficient cash on-hand to fund potential net cash outflows for one year following the filing date of this Quarterly Report on
9

Form 10-Q. Accordingly, we believe there does not exist any indication of substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern for one year following the filing date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going-concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business.
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
There have been no changes in significant accounting policies as described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, except as set forth below.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In December 2019, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the "FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes (“ASU 2019-12”). ASU 2019-12 includes the removal of certain exceptions to the general principles of ASC 740 and simplifies the accounting for income taxes by clarifying and amending existing guidance. We adopted the update January 1, 2021 and it did not have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements and disclosures.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) ("ASU 2016-02"). We adopted ASU 2016-02 effective January 1, 2021. The core principle of ASU 2016-02 is that a lessee should recognize the assets and liabilities that arise from leases. For operating leases, a lessee is required to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability, initially measured at the present value of the lease payments, in the statement of financial position. We have elected certain practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance that allows us to use the beginning of the period of adoption (January 1, 2021) as the date of initial recognition. As a result, prior period comparative financial information was not recast under the new standard and continues to be presented under the prior lease accounting standards. Other practical expedients include our election to not separate non-lease components from lease components and to not reassess lease classification, treatment of initial direct costs or whether an existing or expired contract contains a lease. We have also elected to apply the short-term lease exception for all leases, which we will not recognize right-of-use assets or lease liabilities for leases that, at the commencement date, have a term of twelve (12) months or less.
The adoption of the new lease standard on January 1, 2021, resulted in the recognition of right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities of $2,101 on the condensed consolidated balance sheet. In connection with the adoption of this standard, short-term deferred rent of $8, which was previously recorded in accrued expenses and long term deferred rent of $180 previously recorded in deferred rent on the condensed consolidated balance sheet was offset against the right-of-use asset. The details of our right-of-use asset and lease liability recognized upon adoption of ASC 842 are set forth below:
January 1, 2021
Right-of-use asset$2,101 
Straight-line rent accrual(188)
$1,913 
Lease liability, current$500 
Lease liability, non-current1,601
$2,101 
Concentrations of Credit Risk
Our financial instruments that are exposed to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash and trade accounts receivable. Although we limit our exposure to credit loss by depositing our cash with established financial institutions that management believes have good credit ratings and represent minimal risk of loss of principal, our deposits, at times, may exceed federally insured limits. Collateral is not required for accounts receivable, and we believe the carrying value approximates fair value.
10

The following table sets forth our concentration of accounts receivable, net of specific allowances for doubtful accounts.
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Customer A47 %— %
Customer B%16 %
Customer C%55 %
Customer D— %13 %
Digital Assets
During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, we purchased an aggregate of $1,497 in digital assets, and we were paid $87 in digital assets by various customers. Our purchases of digital assets were comprised solely of bitcoin, while payments by customers to us were made in bitcoin and ethereum. We currently account for all digital assets held as a result of these transactions as indefinite-lived intangible assets in accordance with ASC 350, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other. We have ownership of and control over our digital assets and we may use third-party custodial services to secure them. The digital assets are initially recorded at cost and are subsequently remeasured on the condensed consolidated balance sheet at cost, net of any impairment losses incurred since acquisition.
We determine the fair value of our digital assets on a nonrecurring basis in accordance with ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement, based on quoted prices on the active exchange(s) that we have determined is the principal market for bitcoin and ethereum (Level 1 inputs). We perform an analysis each quarter to identify whether events or changes in circumstances, principally decreases in the quoted prices on active exchanges, indicate that it is more likely than not that our digital assets are impaired. In determining if an impairment has occurred, we consider the lowest market price of one bitcoin or ethereum quoted on the active exchange since acquiring the respective digital asset. If the then current carrying value of a digital asset exceeds the fair value, an impairment loss has occurred with respect to those digital assets in the amount equal to the difference between their carrying values and the fair value.
The impaired digital assets are written down to their fair value at the time of impairment and this new cost basis will not be adjusted upward for any subsequent increase in fair value. Gains are not recorded until realized upon sale, at which point they are presented net of any impairment losses for the same digital assets held. In determining the gain or loss to be recognized upon sale, we calculate the difference between the sales price and carrying value of the digital assets sold immediately prior to sale. Impairment losses and gains or losses on sales are recognized within other expense in our condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss). Impairment loss was $776 for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and we did not sell any digital assets during the nine months ended September 30, 2021.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Items subject to the use of estimates include, but are not limited to, the standalone selling price for our products and services, stock-based compensation, useful lives of long-lived assets including intangibles, fair value of intangible assets and the recoverability or impairment of tangible and intangible assets, including goodwill, reserves and certain accrued liabilities, the benefit period of deferred commissions, assumptions used in Black-Scholes valuation method, such as expected volatility, risk-free interest rate and expected dividend rate, our incremental borrowing rate in determining the present value of remaining lease payments, and provision for (benefit from) income taxes. Actual results could differ from those estimates and such differences could be material to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
Income (loss) per Common Share
Basic net income (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income (loss) applicable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Restricted shares subject to repurchase provisions relating to early exercises under our 2009 Equity Incentive Plan were excluded from basic shares outstanding. Diluted net income (loss) per common share is computed by giving effect to all potential shares of common stock adjusted to include the effect of shares issuable pursuant to our convertible note(s), the exercise of in-the-money warrants
11

and options and unvested restricted stock units, to the extent dilutive. Shares are excluded from the calculation of diluted net income (loss) per common share when their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive or out-of-the-money.
The following table sets forth common stock equivalents that have been excluded from the computation of dilutive weighted average shares outstanding as their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive or out-of-the-money:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
Convertible notes19,3247,221,74019,3247,221,740
Warrants7,676,1125,996,1127,676,1125,996,112
Options207,2571,211,8281,117,6971,211,828
Restricted stock units3,807,1542,223,7733,807,1542,223,773
Restricted shares5741,1985741,198
Total11,710,42116,654,65112,620,86116,654,651
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
We follow the guidance in ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement, to account for financial assets and liabilities measured on a recurring and non-recurring basis. Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. As such, fair value is a market-based measurement that should be determined based on assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability. The Company uses a fair value hierarchy, which distinguishes between assumptions based on market data (observable inputs) and an entity's own assumptions (unobservable inputs). The guidance requires fair value measurements be classified and disclosed in one of the following three categories:
Level 1: Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2: Quoted prices in markets that are not active or inputs which are observable, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the asset or liability.
Level 3: Prices or valuation techniques that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable (i.e., supported by little or no market activity).
Determining which category an asset or liability falls within the hierarchy requires significant judgment. Our financial instruments measured at fair value as of September 30, 2021 are set forth below:
Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
Assets:
Digital currencies$789 $— $— $789 
Total$789 $— $— $789 
Liabilities:
Warrant liability$— $1,762 $— $1,762 
Total$— $1,762 $— $1,762 

    

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Our financial instruments measured at fair value as of December 31, 2020 are set forth below:
Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
Liabilities:
Warrant liability$— $1,614 $— $1,614 
Total$— $1,614 $— $1,614 
The carrying value of accounts receivable, prepaid expenses, other current assets, accounts payable and accrued expenses are considered to be representative of their respective fair values because of the short-term nature of those instruments.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments ("ASU 2016-13"). ASU 2016-13 introduces a model based on expected losses for most financial assets and certain other instruments. In addition, for available-for-sale debt securities with unrealized losses, the losses will be recognized as allowances rather than reductions in the amortized cost of the securities. As a smaller reporting company, the standard is currently effective for us for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2022, with early adoption permitted for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019. We currently intend to adopt this new standard effective January 1, 2023. We currently do not expect the adoption of ASU 2016-13 to have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements and disclosures.
In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06, Debt – Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging – Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815 – 40), (“ASU 2020-06”). ASU 2020-06 simplifies the accounting for certain financial instruments with characteristics of liabilities and equity, including convertible instruments and contracts on an entity’s own equity. ASU 2020-06 is effective for smaller reporting companies for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, including interim periods within those fiscal years. We are currently evaluating the impact of this guidance on our condensed consolidated financial statements and disclosures.
3. Revenue
Disaggregation of Revenue
The following table sets forth our net revenues by category:

Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
Net Revenues
Platform subscriptions and services$1,771 $2,860 $4,472 $7,274 
Application transaction389 270 770 709 
Net revenues$2,160 $3,130 $5,242 $7,983 
We generate revenue in domestic and foreign regions and attribute net revenue to individual countries based on the location of the contracting entity. We derived 99% of our net revenues from within the United States for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, 99% and 96% of our net revenues were from within the United States, respectively.


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The following table sets forth our concentration of revenue sources as a percentage of total net revenues.

Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
Customer A35 %— %15 %— %
Customer E%%14 %11 %
Customer F— %26 %— %30 %
Customer G— %21 %— %%

Deferred Revenue
Our deferred revenue balance consisted of the following:
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Current deferred revenue
Platform subscriptions and services revenue$1,734 $2,317 
Application transaction revenue81 80 
Total current deferred revenue$1,815 $2,397 
Non-current deferred revenue
Platform subscriptions and services revenue$1,262 $2,678 
Total non-current deferred revenue$1,262 $2,678 
Total deferred revenue$3,077 $5,075 

Deferred revenue consists of customer billings or payments received in advance of the recognition of revenue under the arrangements with customers. We recognize deferred revenue as revenue only when revenue recognition criteria are met. During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, we recognized revenue of $3,006 that was included in our deferred revenue balance as of December 31, 2020.
Remaining Performance Obligations
Remaining performance obligations were $6,097 as of September 30, 2021, of which we expect to recognize approximately 38% as revenue over the next 12 months and the remainder thereafter.
PhunToken ("PHTK")
In 2019, we announced the launch of a PhunToken, which is meant to act as a medium of exchange within the Company's blockchain technology enabled rewards marketplace and data exchange (the "Token Ecosystem"). On May 11, 2021, we announced the commencement of the selling of PhunToken. PhunToken will initially be issued through a separate, wholly-owned subsidiary, Phun Token International. We follow the guidance of ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, in determination the revenue recognition of our PhunToken sales. As of September 30, 2021, we had sold $100 of PhunToken for which we received both cash and digital currency from customers. PhunToken sales are recorded within application transaction revenue in the table above.


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4. Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash
The following table sets forth our cash and restricted cash:
Cash and restricted cashSeptember 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Cash$882 $3,940 
Restricted cash91 91 
Total cash and restricted cash$973 $4,031 

5. Debt

The following table sets forth our various debt obligations:

September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Series A Note (principal amount)$— $2,481 
Series B Note (principal amount)— 3,585 
Paycheck Protection Program Loan— 2,850 
Convertible notes222 250 
Promissory notes905 905 
Total debt$1,127 $10,071 
Debt discount - warrants (2020 Convertible Notes)— (1,029)
Debt discount - issuance costs (2020 Convertible Notes)— (650)
Less: current maturities of long-term debt(83)(4,435)
Less: related-party debt(195)(195)
Long-term debt$849 $3,762 


2020 Convertible Notes
On July 15, 2020, we issued a Series A Senior Convertible Note (a “Series A Note”) to an institutional investor with an initial principal amount of $4,320 (reflecting an original issue discount of $320) in a private placement. We repaid in full the outstanding principal balance, accrued and unpaid interest and make-whole amount on a separate senior convertible note issued on March 20, 2020 to the same investor. After the payoff of the senior convertible note and deducting transaction costs, net cash proceeds to the Company was $1,751.
On the same date, we issued a Series B Senior Secured Convertible Note (a “Series B Note,” and together with the Series A Note, the “2020 Convertible Notes”) to the same investor with an initial principal amount of $17,280 (reflecting an original issue discount of $1,280). The investor paid for the Series B Note by delivering a secured promissory note (the “Investor Note”) with an initial principal amount of $16,000.

    We received cash under the Series B Note only upon cash repayment of the corresponding Investor Note. The investor, at its option and at any time, had the right to voluntarily prepay the Investor Note, in whole or in part. Until the Investor Note was repaid, the principal (and related original issue discount) of the Series B Note was considered to be "restricted." The Series B Note and the Investor Note were subject to the terms of a Master Netting Agreement between us and the investor. Upon repayment of the Investor Note, an equal amount of the Series B Note became "unrestricted" and recorded as debt in our condensed consolidated balance sheets.
As a result of multiple offerings of sales of shares of our common stock during the first quarter of 2021, as more fully described Note 9 below, the investor elected to require us to use forty percent (40%) of the net proceeds from those offerings to satisfy obligations under the 2020 Convertible Notes. During the first quarter of 2021, we paid approximately $11,507, of which $5,717 was recorded as a loss on extinguishment of debt.
In March 2021, the investor voluntarily prepaid an aggregate of $10,250 pursuant to the terms of the Investor Note. As a result, we received cash proceeds of $10,250 and this amount of principal of the Series B Note, along with $820 of original
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issue discount became "unrestricted" and outstanding. After the aggregate payments pursuant to the Investor Note by the investor to us, there was no balance outstanding under the Investor Note and no restricted balance under the Series B Note.
On March 25, 2021, we delivered a Company Optional Redemption Notice (as defined in the Series B Note) to the holder of our Series B Note exercising our right to redeem and fully satisfy all obligations under the Series B Note on April 5, 2021. On April 5, 2021, we paid $13,902 in cash to the noteholder of our 2020 Convertible Notes in full satisfaction of all obligations under our Series B Note, which amounted to $11,718 of principal, interest and make-whole and $2,184 for the loss on extinguishment of debt.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, we also recorded a loss on extinguishment of debt of $51 related to monthly installment payments made to the investor.
Warrant

In addition to the 2020 Convertible Notes, we issued a warrant exercisable for 3 years for the purchase, initially, of up to an aggregate of 2,160,000 shares of the Company's common stock at an initial exercise price of $4.00 per share. The number of shares and exercise price are each subject to adjustment provided under the warrant. As a result of our underwritten public offering in February 2021, the exercise price of each share decreased to $2.25 per share, and the number of shares for which the warrant is exercisable increased to 3,840,000 shares. If, at the time of exercise of the warrant, there is no effective registration statement registering, or no current prospectus available for, the issuance of the shares, then the warrant may also be exercised, in whole or in part, by means of a “cashless exercise.” The registration statement registering 2,160,000 shares of our common stock issuable pursuant to the terms of the warrant was declared effective by the SEC on October 27, 2020. The warrant may not be exercised if, after giving effect to the exercise, the investor would beneficially own amounts in excess of those permissible under the terms of the warrant.

Upon issuance of the warrant, we recorded a warrant liability as a discount to the 2020 Convertible Notes. We revalued the warrant as of September 30, 2021, and accordingly we recorded the change in the fair value of the warrant liability for the reporting period. The following table sets forth the assumptions used to calculate the fair value of our warrant liability at the respective dates:

September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Strike price per share$2.25 $4.00 
Closing price per share$0.93 $1.26 
Term (years)1.782.53
Volatility142 %146 %
Risk-free rate0.17 %0.17 %
Dividend Yield

Participation Rights

In addition, the Company granted the 2020 Convertible Notes investor participation rights in future equity and equity-linked offerings of securities, subject to certain limited exceptions, during the two years after the later of (a) the closing or (b) the date the 2020 Convertible Notes no longer remain outstanding, in an amount of up to 30% of the securities being sold in such offerings. This same investor has an additional 30% participation right that expires March 20, 2022 pursuant to a separate Securities Purchase Agreement relating to a convertible note that was issued in March 2020, that was subsequently paid in full with the proceeds of the Series A Note.

Paycheck Protection Program ("PPP") Loan

On April 10, 2020, we received loan proceeds in the amount of $2,850 from JPMorgan Chase, N.A. pursuant to the PPP under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (the "CARES Act"), which was enacted on March 27, 2020. The loan, which was in the form of a note dated April 9, 2020, matures on April 9, 2022 and bore interest at a rate of 0.98% per annum. The Paycheck Protection Flexibility Act of 2020, extended the deferral period for loan payments to either (i) the date that the Small Business Administration ("SBA") remits the borrower’s loan forgiveness amount to the lender or (ii) if the borrower does not apply for loan forgiveness, ten months after the end of the borrower’s loan forgiveness covered period. The note could have been prepaid by us at any time prior to the maturity with no prepayment penalties.

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The principal amount of our PPP loan was subject to forgiveness under the PPP. On July 7, 2021, we submitted our request to the SBA to forgive the full principal amount of the loan and on August 16, 2021, we received notification that the SBA approved our PPP loan forgiveness application. We recorded a gain on the forgiveness of the PPP loan and related interest during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021.
Convertible Notes
In April 2019, our board of directors authorized the issuance of $20,000 of convertible promissory notes (the “Convertible Notes”). The Convertible Notes bear ordinary interest at a rate of 7% per annum. Interest under the Convertible Notes is payable quarterly beginning on September 30, 2019, and interest and principal under the Convertible Notes is payable monthly beginning on June 30, 2021. The Convertible Notes were convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock at a price of $11.50 per share and mature on June 3, 2024. Additional information about our Convertible Notes is included in Note 8, "Debt" of the notes to the consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K.
On October 27, 2021, we paid $222 in cash to the noteholder of our Convertible Notes in full satisfaction of all obligations under the Convertible Notes.
Promissory Notes
In October 2019, our board of directors authorized the issuance of $20,000 of promissory notes (the “Notes”). The Notes bear ordinary interest at a rate of 10% per annum. Interest under the Notes was payable monthly beginning on November 30, 2019. During the term of the Notes, we were required to maintain a restricted bank account with a minimum balance of one year of interest payments on the aggregate principal balance of all Notes, which was available for use exclusively to satisfy any payments owed by the Company under the Notes. The principal and unpaid accrued interest on the Notes was due and payable on demand by the majority Note holders on or after the date that is 60 months following November 15, 2019. Additional information about our Notes is included in Note 8, "Debt" of the notes to the consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K.
During 2019, we issued a Note in the principal amount of $195, in exchange for cash consideration, to Cane Capital, LLC, an entity owned in part by Alan S. Knitowski, our Chief Executive Officer and a member of our board of directors.
On October 27, 2021, we paid $905 in cash to the holders of our Notes in full satisfaction of all obligations under the Notes.
Interest Expense
The following table sets forth interest expense for our various debt obligations included on the condensed consolidated statements of operations:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
2020 Convertible Notes$— $279 $1,111 $279 
Accretion of debt discount - issuance costs1851,741 370 
Accretion of debt discount - warrants8051,029 805 
All other debt and financing obligations(7)93176 469 
Total$(7)$1,362 $4,057 $1,923 

6. Leases
As described in Note 2, we adopted ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), as of January 1, 2021. We lease our corporate offices under operating leases and determine if an arrangement is or contains a lease at inception. The initial terms of our real property lease agreements are generally five years and typically allow for renewals in five-year increments. We may, at times, negotiate a shorter lease renewal term. We generally do not account for any renewals at the lease adoption date. We maintain 4 corporate offices located in Austin, Texas; Irvine, California; San Diego, California; and Miami, Florida. As of September 30, 2021, the earliest of our lease agreements currently ends in March 2022 with the latest terminating in June 2025.
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Some of our leases include both lease and non-lease components, which we have elected not to account for separately. Lease components generally include rent, taxes and insurance, while non-lease components generally include common area or other maintenance.
The weighted-average remaining lease term for operating leases as of September 30, 2021 was 3.19 years. As our leases generally do not include an implicit rate, we compute our incremental borrowing rate based on information available at the lease commencement date applying a rate to each lease. We used incremental borrowing rates that match the duration of the remaining lease terms of our operating leases on a fully collateralized basis upon adoption as of January 1, 2021 to initially measure our lease liability. The weighted average incremental borrowing rate used to measure our lease liability was 19.13%.
We recognize lease expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term with variable lease expense recognized in the period in which the costs are incurred. The components of lease expense are included in general and administrative expense in our condensed consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive income (loss). Lease expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 was $208 and $629, respectively.
Future minimum lease obligations are set forth below:
Future minimum lease obligations years ending December 31,Lease
Obligations
2021 (Remainder)$198 
2022725 
2023622 
2024609 
2025208 
Thereafter— 
$2,362 
Less: Portion representing interest(644)
$1,718 
On March 16, 2021, we entered into a sublease agreement pursuant to which we will sublease our existing office space in Irvine, California. The term of the sublease commenced on April 1, 2021 and terminates on March 31, 2025. The subtenant will pay us initial base rent of approximately $17 per month, which is subject to certain discounts throughout the sublease, as well as rent escalations. We recognized an impairment of our right-to-use asset related to the sublease of $77, which is recorded in other expense in our condensed consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive income (loss) for the nine months ended September 30, 2021.
7. Commitments and Contingencies
Litigation

There have been no changes to the disclosure related to our settlements with Uber Technologies, Inc. ("Uber") and Ellenoff Grossman & Schole LLP, as well as, the dismissal of claims brought by Sha-Poppin Gourmet Popcorn, LLC since the filing of our Annual Report on Form 10-K, except as set forth below. See Note 9, "Commitments and Contingencies" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 31, 2021 for further information on the these matters.

As previously disclosed, on October 9, 2020, we entered into a settlement agreement with Uber and certain other parties related to our complaint against Uber, Uber's cross-complaint against us and Uber's amended cross-complaint against us and certain individual defendants. As provided in the settlement agreement, both parties agreed to fully and finally settle, compromise, and resolve all disputes, differences and disagreements that have existed, now exist, or may exist between them that fall within the subject matter lawsuit. Furthermore, each party denies engaging in any wrongdoing whatsoever and specifically denies each and every allegation of wrongdoing alleged in the lawsuit. The settlement agreement provided that we and our insurance carriers pay a total sum of $6,000 to Uber, of which our insurance carrier paid $1,500 to settle Uber's claims against the individual defendants while the Company paid a total of $4,500, with the final installment paid by us to Uber in September 2021. As a result of us remitting the final installment Payment to Uber, on October 13, 2021, Uber's complaint against the Company was dismissed with prejudice.

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On December 17, 2019, certain stockholders filed a lawsuit against Phunware and its individual officers and directors. The case, captioned Wild Basin Investments, LLC, et al. v. Phunware, Inc., et al., was filed in the 126th Judicial District Court of Travis County, Texas (Cause No. D-1-GN-19-008846). Plaintiffs alleged that they invested in various early rounds of financing while the Company was private and that Phunware should not have subjected their shares to a 180-day “lock up” period. Plaintiffs also allege that Phunware’s stock price dropped significantly during the lock up period and seek damages, costs, and professional fees. On June 23, 2021, Defendants filed a motion to dismiss the petition based on the mandatory forum-selection clause in Phunware’s Articles of Incorporation, which require Plaintiffs’ claims to be filed in Delaware Chancery Court. We intend to vigorously defend against the lawsuit. We have not recorded an expense related to this matter because any potential loss is not currently probable or reasonably estimable. Additionally, we cannot presently estimate the range of loss, if any, that may result from the matter. It is possible that the ultimate resolution of the foregoing matter, or other similar matters, if resolved in a manner unfavorable to us, may be materially adverse to our business, financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.

On March 30, 2021, Phunware filed an action against its former counsel Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati, PC (“WSGR”). The matter is Phunware, Inc., v. Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati, Professional Corporation, Does 1-25, Case No. 21CV381517, filed in the Superior Court of the State of California for the County of Santa Clara. The complaint alleges a single cause of action for negligence related to services provided by WSGR to Phunware. On July 30, 2021, we filed a second action against WSGR in the Superior Court of the State of California for the County of Santa Clara. This matter is captioned Phunware, Inc., v. Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati, Professional Corporation, Does 1-25, Case No. 21CV386411. The second complaint alleges causes of action for negligence, breach of fiduciary duty, and negligent misrepresentation related to services provided by WSGR to Phunware. Both cases are in the early stages of litigation; the outcome is not certain. The relief sought, as stated in the complaints, are damages according to proof, interest and costs of suit.

From time to time, we are and may become involved in various legal proceedings in the ordinary course of business. The outcomes of our legal proceedings are inherently unpredictable, subject to significant uncertainties, and could be material to our operating results and cash flows for a particular reporting period. In addition, for the matters disclosed above that do not include an estimate of the amount of loss or range of losses, such an estimate is not possible, and we may be unable to estimate the possible loss or range of losses that could potentially result from the application of non-monetary remedies.
8. PhunCoin
During 2018 and 2019, PhunCoin, Inc., our wholly-owned subsidiary, launched offerings of rights to acquire a token denominated as "PhunCoin" (the "Rights"). PhunCoin, Inc. accepts payment in the form of cash and digital currencies for purchases of the Rights. The amount of PhunCoin to be issued to the purchaser is equal to the dollar amount paid by the purchaser divided by the price of PhunCoin at the time of issuance of PhunCoin during the launch of the Token Ecosystem (as defined above) before taking into consideration an applicable discount rate, which is based on the time of the purchase.
Through September 30, 2021, we received aggregate net cash proceeds from our Rights offerings of $1,202. Proceeds from the Rights are recorded as PhunCoin deposits in the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
PhunCoin is expected to be issued to Rights holders the earlier of (i) the launch of the Token Ecosystem (or "Token Generation Event"), (ii) one (1) year after the issuance of the Rights to the purchaser or (iii) the date PhunCoin, Inc. determines that it has the ability to enforce resale restrictions with respect to PhunCoin pursuant to applicable federal securities laws. Proceeds from the Rights offering are generally not refundable if the Token Generation Event is not consummated. We currently anticipate that PhunCoin will be issued to the holders of the Rights during the fourth quarter of 2021; however, there can be no assurance as to when or if we will be able to successfully launch the Token Ecosystem.
Additional information about PhunCoin is included in Note 10, "PhunCoin and PhunToken" of the notes to the consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K.
9. Stockholders’ Equity
Common Stock
Total common stock authorized to be issued as of September 30, 2021 was 1,000,000,000 shares, with a par value of $0.0001 per share. At September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, there were 75,556,118 and 56,380,111 shares of our common stock outstanding, respectively, inclusive of 574 restricted shares subject to repurchase for unvested shares related to early option exercises under the Company’s stock equity plans.
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On August 14, 2020, we entered into an At-The-Market Issuance Sales Agreement (the “Sales Agreement”) with Ascendiant Capital Markets, LLC (“Ascendiant”), as sales agent, pursuant to which the Company would offer and sell, from time to time, through Ascendiant shares of our common stock for an aggregate offering price of up to $15,000. In January 2021, 2,670,121 shares of our common stock were sold for aggregate net cash proceeds of $5,058. Transaction costs were $156. We terminated the Sales Agreement with Ascendiant effective as of March 28, 2021.
In February 2021, we entered into an underwriting agreement with Northland Securities, Inc. and Roth Capital Partners, LLC, relating to an underwritten public offering to which we issued 11,761,111 shares of our common stock at an offering price of $2.25 per share. Aggregate cash proceeds at closing, net of transaction costs of $1,740, totaled $24,722. We incurred additional transaction costs paid outside of closing of $75.
On April 7, 2021, we entered into an At Market Issuance Sales Agreement with B. Riley Securities, Inc. ("B. Riley"), pursuant to which we may offer and sell, from time to time, shares of our common stock through or to B. Riley. We will pay B. Riley a commission of 3% of the gross proceeds of the sales price per share for sales of our common stock sold through or to B. Riley. The sales agreement with B. Riley will terminate the earlier of (i) the sale of all shares of our common stock permitted under the sales agreement; (ii) the date we or B. Riley elect to terminate by giving the other party five days' notice to the other party; and (iii) the exercise of any other termination right permitted therein. We are not obligated to sell shares under the sales agreement with B. Riley. As of September 30, 2021, 2,730,654 shares of our common stock had been sold and we had received aggregate net cash proceeds of $3,149, of which $3,052 had been received by us in cash as of September 30, 2021. We received the balance subsequent to the end of the quarter, and accordingly, we recorded $97 in prepaid expenses and other current assets as of September 30, 2021. Transaction costs were $97. We also incurred additional transaction costs paid outside of closing of $147.
Warrants
We have various warrants outstanding. A summary of our outstanding warrants is set forth below:

September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Warrant TypeCash Exercise
Price per
share
Number of warrantsCash Exercise
Price per
share
Number of warrants
2020 Convertible Note warrants$2.25 3,840,000 $4.00 2,160,000 
Common stock warrant (Series D-1)$5.54 14,866 $5.54 14,866 
Common stock warrants (Series F)$9.22 377,402 $9.22 377,402 
Public Warrants (PHUNW)$11.50 1,761,291 $11.50 1,761,291 
Private Placement Warrants$11.50 1,658,381 $11.50 1,658,381 
Unit Purchase Option Warrants$11.50 24,172 $11.50 24,172 
Total7,676,112 5,996,112 

10. Stock-Based Compensation
2018 Equity Incentive Plan
In 2018, our board of directors adopted, and our stockholders approved, our 2018 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2018 Plan”). The purposes of the 2018 Plan are to attract and retain the best available personnel for positions of substantial responsibility, to provide additional incentives to employees, directors and consultants who perform services to the Company, and to promote the success of our business. These incentives are provided through the grant of stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units, performance units and performance shares.
The number of shares of common stock available for issuance under the 2018 Plan will also include an annual increase on the first day of each fiscal year, equal to the lesser of: (i) 10% of the post-closing outstanding shares of common stock; (ii) 5% of the outstanding shares of common stock on the last day of the immediately preceding fiscal year; or (iii) such other amount as our board of directors may determine.
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In addition, the shares of common stock reserved for issuance under the 2018 Plan also will include any shares of common stock subject to stock options, restricted stock units or similar awards granted under the 2009 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2009 Plan”), that, on or after the adoption of the 2018 Plan, expire or otherwise terminate without having been exercised in full and shares of common stock issued pursuant to awards granted under the 2009 Plan that are forfeited to or repurchased by us. As of September 30, 2021, the maximum number of shares of common stock that may be added to the 2018 Plan pursuant to the foregoing is 1,068,271. Not including the maximum number of shares from the 2009 Plan that may be added to the 2018 Plan, the 2018 Plan had 1,227,964 and 2,551,720 shares of common stock reserved for future issuances as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.
Restricted Stock Units
A summary of our restricted stock unit activity under the 2018 Plan for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 is set forth below:
SharesWeighted Average Grant Date Fair Value
Outstanding as of December 31, 20201,677,060 $1.41 
Granted4,346,176 1.86 
Released(1,881,725)1.54 
Forfeited(334,357)1.49 
Outstanding as of September 30, 20213,807,154 $1.86 

During the first quarter of 2021, we granted 3,488,262 restricted stock unit awards to team members with an average grant date fair value of $2.03 per share. The awards granted to team members vest over range of 10 to 51 months with various installment and vesting dates, and are subject to service conditions. We also granted 652,170 restricted stock units to non-employee directors, each with a grant date fair value of $1.22. The awards vest in four equal installments on March 4, 2021, June 4, 2021, September 4, 2021, and December 4, 2021, respectively, and are subject to service conditions. We also granted 97,744 restricted stock units to non-employee directors, with a grant date fair value of $1.22 per share in lieu of cash compensation board fees for services provided. These awards vested immediately.
During the second quarter of 2021, we granted 54,000 restricted stock unit awards to team members with an average grant date fair value of $1.23 per share. The awards granted to team members vest over range of 47 months with various installment and vesting dates, and are subject to service conditions.
During the third quarter of 2021, we granted 54,000 restricted stock unit awards to team members with an average grant date fair value of $1.09 per share. The awards granted to team members vest over range of 47 months with various installment and vesting dates, and are subject to service conditions.
The restricted stock unit grants were valued based on the fair value of our common stock on the date of grant.
Stock Options
During third quarter of 2021, we granted 50,000 stock options to a non-employee consultant at an exercise price of $1.08 per share. The stock options vest over one year in 12 equal monthly installments. As of September 30, 2021, this is the only stock option grant outstanding under the 2018 Plan.
2018 Employee Stock Purchase Plan
Also, in 2018, our board of directors adopted, and our stockholders approved, the 2018 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “2018 ESPP”). The total shares of common stock initially reserved under the 2018 ESPP is limited to 272,942 shares. The purpose of the 2018 ESPP is to provide eligible employees with an opportunity to purchase shares of our common stock at a discount through accumulated contributions generally in the form of payroll deductions of up to 15% of eligible compensation, subject to caps of $25,000 in any calendar year and 4,000 shares on any purchase date. The 2018 ESPP provides for 24-month
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offering periods, generally beginning in December and June of each year, and each offering period consists of 4 six-month purchase periods. The initial offering period began on June 1, 2021 and will end in May 2023. The first purchase under the 2018 ESPP will be in December 2021. Participation ends automatically upon termination of employment with the Company.
On each purchase date, participating employees will purchase shares of our common stock at price per share equal to 85% of the lesser of the fair market value of our common stock on (i) the first trading day of the applicable offering period and (ii) the last trading day of each purchase period in the applicable offering period. If the price per share of our common stock on any purchase date in the offering period is lower than the stock price on the enrollment date of that offering period, the offering period will immediately reset after the purchase of shares on such purchase date and automatically roll into a new offering period.
We use a Black-Scholes option pricing model to determine the fair value of shares to be purchased under the 2018 ESPP. Stock-based compensation expense related to our 2018 ESPP for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 was not significant.
The number of shares of common stock that may be made available for sale under the 2018 ESPP also includes an annual increase on the first day of each fiscal year beginning for the fiscal year following the fiscal year in which the first enrollment date occurs equal to the lesser of (i) 3% of the expected post-closing outstanding shares of common stock; (ii) 1.5% of the outstanding shares of common stock on the last day of the immediately preceding fiscal year; or such other amount as our board or compensation committee may determine. The first annual increase pursuant to the above will occur on January 1, 2022.
2009 Equity Incentive Plan
In 2009, we adopted the 2009 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2009 Plan”), which allowed for the granting of incentive and non-statutory stock options, as defined by the Internal Revenue Code, to employees, directors, and consultants. The 2009 Plan allows for options to be immediately exercisable, subject to the Company’s right of repurchase for unvested shares at the original exercise price. The total amount received in exchange for these shares has been included in accrued expenses on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets and is reclassified to equity as the shares vest. As of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, 574 shares were unvested amounting to $1 in accrued expenses. Effective with the adoption of the 2018 Plan, no additional grants will be made under the 2009 Plan.
A summary of our option activity under the 2009 Plan and related information is as follows:
Number of SharesWeighted Average
Exercise Price
Weighted Average
Remaining
Contractual Term
(years)
Aggregate Intrinsic
Value
Outstanding as of December 31, 20201,208,740 $0.80 6.19$700 
Granted— — 
Exercised(132,396)0.55 
Forfeited(8,647)2.13 
Outstanding as of September 30, 20211,067,697 $0.82 5.88$303 
Exercisable as of September 30, 20211,019,321 $0.79 5.85$295 
For the nine months ended September 30, 2021, the aggregate intrinsic value of options exercised was $295 and the total fair value of options vested was $50.

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Stock-Based Compensation
Compensation costs that have been included in our condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss) for all stock-based compensation arrangements is set forth below:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
Stock-based compensation2021202020212020
Cost of revenues$352 $104 $884 $217 
Sales and marketing140 15 371 44 
General and administrative790 1,530 2,124 3,168 
Research and development213 59 554 29 
Total stock-based compensation$1,495 $1,708 $3,933 $3,458 
We recognize forfeitures as they occur. As of September 30, 2021, the unamortized fair value of the restricted stock units under the 2018 Plan was approximately $5,881. The weighted-average remaining recognition period over which these costs will be amortized was approximately 2.7 years. Unrecognized stock compensation expense for options granted under the 2009 Plan was $33 as of September 30, 2021.
11. Domestic and Foreign Operations
Identifiable long-lived assets attributed to the United States and international geographies are based upon the country in which the asset is located or owned. As of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, all of our identifiable long-lived assets were in the United States.
12. Related-Party Transactions

Accounts Payable
There are $255 included in accounts payables in our condensed consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 for Nautilus Energy Management Corporation, an affiliate of a current member and former member of our board of directors.
Debt

As more fully discussed in Note 5, Debt, the Company entered into a Note (defined above) with a certain related party. The Note was subsequently paid in full on October 27, 2021.
13. Subsequent Events
We have evaluated subsequent events through the date the financial statements were issued.
On September 10, 2021, we entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement (the "Agreement") with Caleb Borgstorm for the purchase of all issued and outstanding shares of common stock of Lyte Technology, Inc. for total consideration of up to $10,317. On October 18, 2021, we closed the acquisition contemplated by the Agreement with an adjusted purchase price of up to $10,980 ($2,500 of which is an earnout payment based upon Lyte operations meeting certain annual revenue milestone), representing an increase in working capital as of the closing date. We are currently determining the final purchase price allocation, but we expect the majority to be allocated to intangible assets and goodwill. We also expect to finalize the valuation and complete the price purchase allocation in the fourth quarter of 2021.
In conjunction with the acquisition, we also entered into a note purchase agreement and completed the sale of an unsecured promissory note with an original principal amount of $5,220 in a private placement that closed on October 18, 2021. The promissory note was sold with an original issue discount of $200 and other issuance costs that total $280. After deducting all transaction cost, net cash proceeds to the Company were $4,740. No interest will accrue on the promissory note unless and until the occurrence of an event of default (as defined in the promissory note). Beginning on January 15, 2022 and on the same day of each month thereafter until the promissory note is paid in full, we are required to make a monthly amortization payments in the amount of $574. We may prepay any or all outstanding balance of the promissory note earlier than it is due with a prepayment premium of 110% which also applies to the monthly amortization payments.
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On October 22, 2021, the holder of our 2020 Convertible Notes partially exercised its warrant for 2,060,000 shares of common stock with an exercise price of $2.25 for net proceeds of $4,635 to the Company.
Through November 12, 2021, we sold an additional 18,220,369 shares of our common stock pursuant to the terms of our At Market Issuance Sales Agreement with B. Riley. Aggregate net cash proceeds were $62,061 and transaction costs were $1,919.
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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
References in this section to “we,” “us,” "our," or “the Company” refer to Phunware. References to “management” or “management team” refer to Phunware’s officers and directors.
The following discussion and analysis of Phunware’s financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with Phunware’s condensed consolidated financial statements and the related notes to those statements presented in “Part I – Item 1. Financial Statements.” In addition to historical financial information, the following discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Phunware’s actual results and timing of selected events may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of many factors, including those discussed in the section titled “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this Report.
Certain figures, such as interest rates and other percentages, included in this section have been rounded for ease of presentation. Percentage figures included in this section have not in all cases been calculated on the basis of such rounded figures but on the basis of such amounts prior to rounding. For this reason, percentage amounts in this section may vary slightly from those obtained by performing the same calculations using the figures in our condensed consolidated financial statements or in the associated text. Certain other amounts that appear in this section may similarly not sum due to rounding.
Recent Developments
On September 10, 2021, we entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement (the "Agreement") with Caleb Borgstrom for the purchase all issued and outstanding shares of common stock of Lyte Technology, Inc. ("Lyte") with an initial purchase price of up to approximately $10.3 million ($2.5 million of which is an earnout payment based upon Lyte operations meeting certain annual revenue milestones). On October 18, 2021, we closed the acquisition with an adjusted purchase price of up to approximately $11.0 million (subject to the earnout adjustment), representing an increase in working capital as of the closing date. We are currently determining the final purchase price allocation, but we expect the majority to be allocated to intangible assets and goodwill. We also expect to finalize the valuation and complete the price purchase allocation (other than the earnout) in the fourth quarter of 2021.
Overview
Phunware, Inc. offers a fully integrated software platform that equips companies with the products, solutions and services necessary to engage, manage and monetize their mobile application portfolios globally at scale. Our Multiscreen-as-a-Service ("MaaS") platform provides the entire mobile lifecycle of applications, media and data in one login through one procurement relationship. Our offerings include:
 
Enterprise mobile software development kits (SDKs) including content management, location-based services, marketing automation, business intelligence and analytics, alerts, notifications and messaging, audience engagement, and audience monetization;
Integration of our SDK licenses into existing applications maintained by our customers, as well as custom application development and support services;
Cloud-based vertical solutions, which are off-the-shelf, iOS- and Android-based mobile application portfolios, solutions and services that address: the patient experience for healthcare, the shopper experience for retail, the fan experience for sports, the traveler experience for aviation, the luxury resident experience for real estate, the luxury guest experience for hospitality, the student experience for education and the generic user experience for all other verticals and applications; and
Application transactions for mobile audience building, user acquisition, application discovery, audience engagement and audience monetization.
We also believe our recent acquisition of Lyte will leverage a new distribution network for our blockchain initiatives.
We intend to continue investing for long-term growth. We have invested and expect to continue investing in expanding our ability to market, sell and provide our current and future products and services to customers globally. We also expect to continue investing in the development and improvement of new and existing products and services to address customers' needs. We currently do not expect to be profitable in the near future.

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Key Business Metrics
Our management regularly monitors certain financial measures to track the progress of our business against internal goals and targets. We believe that the most important of these measures include backlog and deferred revenue.
Backlog and Deferred Revenue. Backlog represents future amounts to be invoiced under our current agreements. At any point in the contract term, there can be amounts that we have not yet been contractually able to invoice. Until such time as these amounts are invoiced, they are not recorded in revenues, deferred revenue, accounts receivable or elsewhere in our condensed consolidated financial statements, and are considered by us to be backlog. We expect backlog to fluctuate up or down from period to period for several reasons, including the timing and duration of customer contracts, varying billing cycles and the timing and duration of customer renewals. We reasonably expect approximately 40% of our backlog as of September 30, 2021 will be invoiced during the subsequent 12-month period, primarily due to the fact that our contracts are typically one to three years in length.
In addition, our deferred revenue consists of amounts that have been invoiced but that have not yet been recognized as revenues as of the end of a reporting period. Together, the sum of deferred revenue and backlog represents the total billed and unbilled contract value yet to be recognized in revenues, and provides visibility into future revenue streams.
The following table sets forth our backlog and deferred revenue:
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
(in thousands)
Backlog$3,012 $3,991 
Deferred revenue3,077 5,075 
Total backlog and deferred revenue$6,089 $9,066 

Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Adjusted Gross Profit, Adjusted Gross Margin and Adjusted EBITDA
We report our financial results in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP"). We also use certain non-GAAP financial measures that fall within the meaning of Securities and Exchange Commission Regulation G and Regulation S-K Item 10(e), which may provide users of the financial information with additional meaningful comparison to prior period results. Our non-GAAP financial measures include adjusted gross profit, adjusted gross margin and adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization ("EBITDA") (our "non-GAAP financial measures"). Management uses these measures (i) to compare operating performance on a consistent basis, (ii) to calculate incentive compensation for its employees, (iii) for planning purposes including the preparation of its internal annual operating budget and (iv) to evaluate the performance and effectiveness of operational strategies.
Our non-GAAP financial measures should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for, or superior to, financial measures calculated in accordance with GAAP. They are not measurements of our financial performance under GAAP and should not be considered as alternatives to revenue or net income (loss), as applicable, or any other performance measures derived in accordance with GAAP and may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other businesses. Our non-GAAP financial measures have limitations as analytical tools and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our operating results as reported under GAAP. Some of these limitations include:
 
Non-cash compensation is and will remain a key element of our overall long-term incentive compensation package, although we exclude it as an expense when evaluating our ongoing operating performance for a particular period;
Our non-GAAP financial measures do not reflect the impact of certain cash charges resulting from matters we consider not to be indicative of ongoing operations, and;
Other companies in our industry may calculate our non-GAAP financial measures differently than we do, limiting their usefulness as comparative measures.
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We compensate for these limitations to our non-GAAP financial measures by relying primarily on our GAAP results and using our non-GAAP financial measures only for supplemental purposes. Our non-GAAP financial measures include adjustments for items that may not occur in future periods. However, we believe these adjustments are appropriate because the amounts recognized can vary significantly from period to period, do not directly relate to the ongoing operations of our business and complicate comparisons of our internal operating results and operating results of other peer companies over time. For example, it is useful to exclude non-cash, stock-based compensation expenses because the amount of such expenses in any specific period may not directly correlate to the underlying performance of our business operations and these expenses can vary significantly across periods due to timing of new stock-based awards. We may also exclude certain discrete, unusual, one-time, or non-cash costs in order to facilitate a more useful period-over-period comparison of its financial performance. Each of the normal recurring adjustments and other adjustments described in this paragraph help management with a measure of our operating performance over time by removing items that are not related to day-to-day operations or are non-cash expenses.
The following table sets forth the non-GAAP financial measures we monitor.
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
(in thousands, except percentages)2021202020212020
Adjusted gross profit (1)
$1,486 $2,340 3,291 5,460 
Adjusted gross margin (1)
68.8 %74.8 %62.8 %68.4 %
Adjusted EBITDA (2)
$(2,474)$(1,258)$(7,620)$(6,253)
(1)Adjusted gross profit and adjusted gross margin are non-GAAP financial measures. We believe that adjusted gross profit and adjusted gross margin provide supplemental information with respect to gross profit and gross margin regarding ongoing performance. We define adjusted gross profit as net revenues less cost of revenue, adjusted to exclude one-time revenue adjustments, stock-based compensation and amortization of intangible assets. We define adjusted gross margin as adjusted gross profit as a percentage of net revenues.
(2)Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. We believe Adjusted EBITDA provides helpful information with respect to operating performance as viewed by management, including a view of our business that is not dependent on (i) the impact of our capitalization structure and (ii) items that are not part of day-to-day operations. We define adjusted EBITDA as net income (loss) plus (i) interest expense, (ii) income tax expense, (iii) depreciation, (iv) amortization, and further adjusted for (v) non-cash impairment and valuation adjustments and (vi) stock-based compensation expense.
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Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
The following tables set forth a reconciliation of the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure to each of the non-GAAP financial measures discussed above.
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
(in thousands, except percentages)2021202020212020
Gross profit$1,134 $2,232 $2,400 $5,226 
Add back:  Amortization of intangibles— 17 
Add back:  Stock-based compensation352 104 884 217 
Adjusted gross profit$1,486 $2,340 $3,291 $5,460 
Adjusted gross margin68.8 %74.8 %62.8 %68.4 %

Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
(in thousands)2021202020212020
Net income (loss)$372 $(8,567)$(21,711)$(16,041)
Add back:  Depreciation and amortization17 33 75 120 
(Less) add back:  Interest (income) expense(7)1,362 4,057 1,923 
EBITDA382 (7,172)(17,579)(13,998)
Add back: Stock-based compensation1,495 1,708 3,933 3,458 
Add back: Legal settlement— 4,500 — 4,500 
Add back: Loss on extinguishment of debt— 950 7,952 1,031 
Add back: Impairment of digital currencies— — 776 — 
Less: Gain on forgiveness of PPP loan(2,850)— (2,850)— 
(Less) add back: (Gain) loss on change in fair value of warrant liability(1,501)(1,244)148 (1,244)
Adjusted EBITDA$(2,474)$(1,258)$(7,620)$(6,253)


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Components of Results of Operations
Revenue and Gross Profit
There are a number of factors that impact the revenue and margin profile of the services and technology offerings we provide, including, but not limited to, solution and technology complexity, technical expertise requiring the combination of products and types of services provided, as well as other elements that may be specific to a particular client solution.
Platform Subscriptions and Services Revenue. Subscription revenue is derived from software license fees, which comprise subscription fees from customers licensing our Software Development Kits (SDKs), that includes accessing the MaaS platform; application development service revenue from the development of customer applications, or apps, built and delivered to customers; and support fees.
Subscription revenue from SDK licenses gives the customer the right to access our MaaS platform. Application development revenue is derived from development services around designing and building new applications or enhancing existing applications. Support revenue is comprised of support and maintenance fees of customer applications, software updates and technical support for application development services for a support term.
From time to time, we also provide professional services by outsourcing employees’ time and materials to customers.
Platform subscriptions and services gross profit is equal to subscriptions and services revenue less the cost of personnel and related costs for our support and professional services employees, external consultants, stock-based compensation and allocated overhead. Costs associated with our development and project management teams are generally recognized as incurred. Costs directly attributable to the development or support of applications relating to platform subscription customers are included in cost of sales, whereas costs related to the ongoing development and maintenance of Phunware’s MaaS platform are expensed in research and development. As a result, platform subscriptions and services gross profit may fluctuate from period to period.
Application Transaction Revenue. We also generate revenue by charging advertisers to deliver advertisements (ads) to users of mobile connected devices. Depending on the specific terms of each advertising contract, we generally recognize revenue based on the activity of mobile users viewing these ads. Fees from advertisers are commonly based on the number of ads delivered or views or clicks by users on mobile advertisements delivered, and we recognize revenue at the time the user views or clicks on the ad. We sell our ads by cost per thousand impressions and cost per click.
Application transaction gross profit is equal to application transaction revenue less cost of revenue associated with application transactions. Application transaction gross profit is impacted by the cost of advertising traffic we pay to our suppliers and amount of traffic which we can purchase from those suppliers. As a result, our application transaction gross profit may fluctuate from period to period due to variable costs of advertising traffic.
Lyte Revenue. We expect to begin recognizing revenue as a result of closing our acquisition of Lyte during the fourth quarter of 2021. Revenue from Lyte will mainly be derived from the sale of high-performance personal computers. Lyte computers are sold with a variety of pre-packaged solutions, as well as customizable solutions selected by our customers. We expect to recognize revenue at the time a unit ships from our facility.
Lyte gross profit will be equal to Lyte revenue less the costs associated with the assembly of computers. Lyte gross profit is impacted by the costs that we pay for parts incorporated into a Lyte computer system, as well as labor costs of computer builders and shipping. Demand may exceed available supply at times, which may hamper our ability to deliver computer systems timely and may increase the costs at which we can obtain inventory needed for computer builds. Customizable solutions we offer our customers may also vary from time to time. As a result, revenue and gross profit related to Lyte may fluctuate from period to period. Although we plan to invest in Lyte for future growth, Lyte may experience revenue and gross profit fluctuations as a result of seasonality.
Gross Margin
Gross margin measures gross profit as a percentage of revenue. Gross margin is generally impacted by the same factors that affect changes in the mix of subscriptions and services and application transactions, and beginning in the fourth quarter of 2021, Lyte.

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Operating Expenses
Our operating expenses include sales and marketing expenses, general and administrative expenses, research and development expenses, depreciation and amortization of acquired intangible assets. Personnel costs are the most significant component of operating expenses and consist of salaries, benefits, bonuses, stock-based compensation and, in sales and marketing expense, commissions. Legal settlements pertaining to litigation brought as a result of the Company's operations is also included in operating expenses.
Sales and Marketing Expense. Sales and marketing expense is comprised of compensation, commission expense, variable incentive pay and benefits related to sales personnel, along with travel expenses, other employee related costs, including stock-based compensation and expenses related to marketing programs and promotional activities. We expect our sales and marketing expense will increase in absolute dollars as we increase our sales and marketing organizations as we plan to increase revenue but may fluctuate as a percentage of our total revenue from period to period.
General and Administrative Expense. General and administrative expense is comprised of compensation and benefits of administrative personnel, including variable incentive pay and stock-based compensation, bad debt expenses and other administrative costs such as facilities expenses, professional fees and travel expenses. We expect to incur additional general and administrative expenses as a result of operating as a public company, including expenses related to compliance with the rules and regulations of the SEC and listing standards of Nasdaq, additional insurance expenses, investor relations activities and other administrative and professional services. We also expect to increase the size of our general and administrative function to support the growth of our business. As a result, we expect that our general and administrative expenses will increase in absolute dollars but may fluctuate as a percentage of our total revenue from period to period.
Research and Development Expense. Research and development expenses consist primarily of employee compensation costs and overhead allocation. We believe that continued investment in our platform is important for our growth. As a result, we expect our research and development expenses will increase in absolute dollars as our business grows but may fluctuate as a percentage of revenue from period to period.
Interest Expense 

Interest expense includes interest related to our outstanding debt, including amortization of discounts and deferred issuance costs.

Refer to Note 5 "Debt" in the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements included Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for more information on our debt offerings.

We also may seek additional debt financings to fund the expansion of our business or to finance strategic acquisitions in the future, which may have an impact on our interest expense.
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Results of Operations
Net Revenues
Three Months Ended September 30,Change
(in thousands, except percentages)20212020Amount%
Net Revenues
Platform subscriptions and services$1,771 $2,860 $(1,089)(38.1)%
Application transaction389 270 119 44.1 %
Net revenues$2,160 $3,130 $(970)(31.0)%
Platform subscriptions and services as a percentage of net revenues82.0 %91.4 %
Application transactions as a percentage of net revenues18.0 %8.6 %
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021Change
(in thousands, except percentages)20212020Amount%
Net Revenues
Platform subscriptions and services$4,472 $7,274 $(2,802)(38.5)%
Application transaction770 709 61 8.6 %
Net revenues$5,242 $7,983 $(2,741)(34.3)%
Platform subscriptions and services as a percentage of net revenues85.3 %91.1 %
Application transactions as a percentage of net revenues14.7 %8.9 %
Net revenues decreased $1.0 million, or 31.0%, for the three months ended September 30, 2021 compared to the corresponding period in 2020.
Platform subscriptions and services revenue decreased $1.1 million, or 38.1%. Greater revenues derived in 2020 were primarily driven by development, licensing and support services provided to a customer during 2020. This customer is identified as "Customer F" in Note 3, Revenue, in the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this quarterly report on Form 10-Q.
Application transaction revenue increased $0.1 million, or 44.1%, for the three months ended September 30, 2021, compared to the corresponding period in 2020, primarily due to an increase in advertising campaigns.
Net revenues decreased $2.7 million, or 34.3%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 compared to the corresponding period in 2020.
Platform subscriptions and services revenue decreased $2.8 million, or 38.5%. Greater revenues derived in 2020 were primarily driven by development, licensing and support services provided to a customer during 2020. This customer is identified as "Customer F" in Note 3, Revenue, in the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this quarterly report on Form 10-Q.
Application transaction revenue increased $0.1 million, or 8.6%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2021, compared to the corresponding period in 2020, primarily due to an increase in advertising campaigns and PhunToken sales. This increase was partially offset by the decrease in app store revenue.

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Cost of Revenues, Gross Profit and Gross Margin
Three Months Ended September 30,Change
(in thousands, except percentages)20212020Amount%
Cost of Revenues
Platform subscriptions and services$944 $845 $99 11.7 %
Application transaction82 53 29 54.7 %
Total cost of revenues$1,026 $898 $128 14.3 %
Gross Profit
Platform subscriptions and services827 $2,015 $(1,188)(59.0)%
Application transaction307 217 90 41.5 %
Total gross profit$1,134 $2,232 $(1,098)(49.2)%
Gross Margin
Platform subscriptions and services46.7 %70.5 %
Application transaction78.9 %80.4 %
Total gross margin52.5 %71.3 %
Nine Months Ended September 30,Change
(in thousands, except percentages)20212020Amount%
Cost of Revenues
Platform subscriptions and services$2,670 $2,640 $30 1.1 %
Application transaction172 117 55 47.0 %
Total cost of revenues$2,842 $2,757 $85 3.1 %
Gross Profit
Platform subscriptions and services$1,802 $4,634 $(2,832)(61.1)%
Application transaction598 592 1.0 %
Total gross profit$2,400 $5,226 $(2,826)(54.1)%
Gross Margin
Platform subscriptions and services40.3 %63.7 %
Application transaction77.7 %83.5 %
Total gross margin45.8 %65.5 %
Total gross profit decreased $1.1 million, or 49.2% and $2.8 million, or 54.1% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively, when compared to the corresponding period of 2020. In addition to the revenue items described above, stock-based compensation increased $0.3 million and $0.7 million during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. Overall margin decrease can be attributed to a higher margin realized in 2020 related to Customer F, as compared to the same period in 2021 related to Customer A, as identified in Note 3, Revenue, in the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this quarterly report on Form 10-Q.
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Operating Expenses
Three Months Ended September 30,Change
(in thousands, except percentages)20212020Amount%
Operating expenses
Sales and marketing$715 $383 $332 86.7 %
General and administrative3,296 4,276 (980)(22.9)%
Research and development1,160 572 588 102.8 %
Legal Settlement— 4,500 (4,500)(100.0)%
Total operating expenses$5,171 $9,731 $(4,560)(46.9)%

Nine Months Ended September 30,Change
(in thousands, except percentages)20212020Amount%
Operating expenses
Sales and marketing$1,910 $1,265 $645 51.0 %
General and administrative9,075 11,981 (2,906)(24.3)%
Research and development3,058 1,811 1,247 68.9 %
Legal Settlement— 4,500 (4,500)(100.0)%
Total operating expenses$14,043 $19,557 $(5,514)(28.2)%

Sales and Marketing
Sales and marketing expense increased $0.3 million, or 86.7% for the three months ended September 30, 2021 compared to the corresponding period of 2020, primarily due to an increase of $0.1 million in each of employee compensation costs resulting from a higher headcount, $0.1 million increase in stock-based compensation expense and $0.1 million in marketing related expenditures.
Sales and marketing expense increased $0.6 million, or 51.0% for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 compared to the corresponding period of 2020, primarily due to an increase of employee compensation costs resulting from a higher headcount of $0.2 million, $0.3 million increase in stock-based compensation expense and $0.1 million lead generation programs.
General and Administrative
General and administrative expense decreased $1.0 million, or 22.9% for the three months ended September 30, 2021 compared to the corresponding period of 2020, primarily due to a decrease of $0.7 million in stock-based compensation and $0.6 million in legal fees mainly related to our previous litigation with Uber, which was settled in October 2020. This decrease was partially offset by $0.3 million in expenses related to investor relations.
General and administrative expense decreased $2.9 million, or 24.3% for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 compared to the corresponding period of 2020, primarily due to a decrease of $1.7 million in legal fees mainly related to our previous litigation with Uber, $1 million in stock-based compensation expense, $0.6 million related to employee retention tax credit, $0.3 million in bad debt recoveries, and $0.2 million in other information technology costs such as server and software expenses. This decrease was partially offset by additional expenses of $1 million related to investor relations.
Research and Development
Research and development expense increased $0.6 million, or 102.8%, for the three months ended September 30, 2021, compared to the corresponding period of 2020, primarily due to payroll related items of $0.3 million, $0.2 million in stock-based compensation expense and $0.1 million for travel and recruiting fees.
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Research and development expense increased $1.2 million, or 68.9%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2021, compared to the corresponding period of 2020, primarily due to increases of $0.7 million for increased headcount dedicated to research and development projects and $0.5 million in stock-based compensation expense.
Legal Settlement

Legal settlement of $4.5 million relates to the settlement of the Company's litigation with Uber Technologies, Inc. as further described in Note 7, Commitments and Contingencies, in the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this quarterly report on Form 10-Q.
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Other expense
Three Months Ended September 30,Change
(in thousands, except percentages)20212020Amount%
Other income (expense)
Interest income (expense)$$(1,362)$1,369 (100.5)%
Loss on extinguishment of debt— (950)950 (100.0)%
Gain on change in fair value of warrant liability1,501 1,244 257 20.7 %
Gain on forgiveness of PPP loan2,850 — 2,850 100.0 %
Other income51 — 51 100.0 %
Total other income (expense)$4,409 $(1,068)$5,477 (512.8)%

Nine Months Ended September 30,Change
(in thousands, except percentages)20212020Amount%
Other income (expense)
Interest expense$(4,057)$(1,923)$(2,134)111.0 %
Loss on extinguishment of debt(7,952)(1,031)(6,921)671.3 %
Impairment of digital currency(776)— (776)100.0 %
(Loss) gain on change in fair value of warrant liability(148)1,244 (1,392)(111.9)%
Gain on forgiveness of PPP loan2,850 — 2,850 100.0 %
Other income15 — 15 100.0 %
Total other expense$(10,068)$(1,710)$(8,358)488.8 %
Other income increased $5.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021, compared to the corresponding period of 2020, primarily due to Paycheck Protection Program ("PPP") loan forgiveness, change in fair value of our warrant liability and decrease in interest expense related to our outstanding debt.
Other expense increased $8.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021, compared to the corresponding period of 2020, primarily due to losses on extinguishment of debt and interest related to our debt borrowings as further described in Note 5 "Debt" in the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Other increases were related to impairment charges for our digital currencies and adjustments related to the fair value of the warrants outstanding that were issued in conjunction with our 2020 senior convertible notes. These were partially offset by decreases in other expense related to gain on forgiveness of our PPP loan.
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Liquidity and Capital Resources
As of September 30, 2021, we held total cash (including restricted cash) of $1.0 million, all of which was held in the United States. We have a history of operating losses and negative operating cash flows. As we continue to focus on growing our revenues, we expect these trends to continue into the foreseeable future.
We entered into a note purchase agreement and completed the sale of an unsecured promissory note with an original principal amount of $5.2 million in a private placement that closed on October 18, 2021. After deducting all transaction cost, net cash proceeds to the Company were $4.7 million. No interest will accrue on the promissory note unless and until the occurrence of an event of default (as defined in the promissory note). We may prepay outstanding balance of the promissory note earlier than it is due with a prepayment premium of 110%. Beginning on January 15, 2022 and on the same day of each month thereafter until the promissory note is paid in full, we are required to make a monthly amortization payments in the amount of $574 thousand which are considered prepayments subject to the prepayment premium.
On April 7, 2021, we entered into an At Market Issuance Sales Agreement with B. Riley Securities, Inc. ("B. Riley"), pursuant to which we may offer and sell shares of our common stock, from time to time. We filed two prospectus supplements on April 7, 2021 and October 26, 2021 that form part of our shelf registration statement for the offer and sale of up to an aggregate of $25 million and $48.5 million in common stock, respectively. As of September 30, 2021, we sold 2,730,654 shares of our common stock under the sales agreement, which generated aggregate net cash proceeds of approximately $3.1 million. As of the filing date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, we sold an additional 18,220,369 shares of our common stock for aggregate net proceeds of approximately $62.1 million. We may sell additional shares for an aggregate offering price of approximately $6.3 million under our sales agreement with B. Riley and shelf registration statement.
On October 22, 2021, the holder of our 2020 Convertible Notes partially exercised its warrant for 2,060,000 shares of Common Stock with an exercise price of $2.25 for net proceeds of $4.6 million to the Company.
As a result of the financing events described above, while our liquidity risk continues as a result of the continuing and evolving effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, management believes it has sufficient cash on hand for at least one year following the filing date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
Our future capital requirements will depend on many factors, including our pace of growth, subscription renewal activity, the timing and extent of spend to support development efforts, the pace at which we can scale Lyte, the expansion of sales and marketing activities and the market acceptance of our products and services. We believe that it is likely we will in the future enter into arrangements to acquire or invest in complementary businesses, technologies and intellectual property rights. We may be required to seek additional equity or debt financing. In the event that additional financing is required from outside sources, we may not be able to raise it on terms acceptable to us, or at all. If we are unable to raise additional capital when desired and/or on acceptable terms, our business, operating results and financial condition could be adversely affected.
The following table summarizes our cash flows for the periods presented:
Nine Months Ended September 30,Change
(in thousands, except percentages)20212020Amount%
Consolidated statement of cash flows
Net cash used in operating activities$(19,089)$(6,515)$(12,574)193.0 %
Net cash used in investing activities(1,497)— (1,497)100.0 %
Net cash provided by financing activities17,547 7,417 10,130 136.6 %
Operating Activities
The primary source of cash from operating activities is receipts from the sale of platform subscriptions and services and application transactions to customers. The primary uses of cash from operating activities are payments to employees for compensation and related expenses, publishers and other vendors for the purchase of digital media inventory and related costs, sales and marketing expenses and general operating expenses.
We utilized $19.1 million of cash from operating activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2021, primarily resulting from a net loss of $21.7 million. The net loss included non-cash charges of $13.3 million, primarily consisting of the loss on the extinguishment and amortization of debt issuance costs related to our 2020 Convertible Notes, as
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well as stock-based compensation. In addition, certain changes in our operating assets and liabilities resulted in significant cash (decreases) as follows: $(7.1) million from a decrease in accounts payable, accrued expenses and an installment payment to Uber related to the settlement of our lawsuit, as well as $(3.3) million from other working capital changes, primarily a decrease in deferred revenue.
We utilized $6.5 million of cash from operating activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2020, primarily resulting from a net loss of $16.0 million, as adjusted $3.5 million for stock-based compensation, $1.2 million for amortization of debt discount and deferred financing costs, $1.2 million for gain on the change in fair value of warrants and $1.0 million for loss on extinguishment of debt. In addition, certain changes in our operating assets and liabilities resulted in significant cash increases (decreases) as follows: $0.5 million from an increase in accounts payable, $1.3 million from an increase in accrued expenses, $4.5 million from an increase in legal settlement accrual, $0.6 million from an increase in account receivable, $(1.9) million from a decrease in deferred revenue and $(0.1) million from a decrease in prepaid and other assets.

Investing Activities
Investing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 consisted of the purchase of digital currencies.

Financing Activities
Our financing activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2021 consisted of proceeds from equity financings and debt borrowings offset by payments on debt. We acquired $17.5 million of cash from financing activities resulting primarily from $32.6 million in proceeds from the sale of our common stock and $10 million in proceeds from our Series B Convertible Note. These sources of financing were partially offset by $25.1 million of payments on debt, a majority of which were payments on the 2020 Convertible Notes. Refer to the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Report on Form 10-Q for information on the Company's financing activities.
Our financing activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 consisted of proceeds from various debt borrowings offset by net repayments on our financing factoring agreement. We acquired $7.4 million of cash from financing activities, as a result of $10.8 million from new issuances of debt (inclusive of $0.6 million from related parties) and $1.3 million from our at-the-market offering of common stock. These sources of financing were partially offset by $4.1 million of payments on debt (inclusive of $0.2 million to related parties) and $0.6 million in net repayments on our factoring financing agreement.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
Through September 30, 2021, we did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements, as defined in Item 303(a)(4)(ii) of SEC Regulation S-K, such as the use of unconsolidated subsidiaries, structured finance, special purpose entities or variable interest entities.
Indemnification Agreements
In the ordinary course of business, we provide indemnifications of varying scope and terms to customers, vendors, lessors, business partners and other parties with respect to certain matters, including, but not limited to, losses arising out of breach of such agreements, solutions to be provided by the Company or from intellectual property infringement claims made by third parties. In addition, we have entered into indemnification agreements with directors and certain current and former officers and employees that will require the Company, among other things, to indemnify them against certain liabilities that may arise by reason of, or are related to, their status or service as directors, officers or employees.

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Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Refer to Note 2, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies”, in the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for analysis of recent accounting pronouncements that are applicable to our business.
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Our management’s discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based on our financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with GAAP. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, as well as the reported revenues generated and expenses incurred during the reporting periods. Our estimates are based on our historical experience and on various other factors that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
Except for the changes described in Note 2, "Summary of Significant Accounting Policies," in the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements related to the adoption of ASU 2016-02 and our disclosure of our accounting policy related to our digital currencies, there have been no material changes to our critical accounting policies and estimates as compared to the critical accounting policies and estimates disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 filed with the SEC on March 31, 2021.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Not applicable.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Disclosure controls and procedures are controls and other procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to management, including our Certifying Officers (as defined below), or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer (together, the “Certifying Officers”), we carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act. Based on the foregoing, our Certifying Officers concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of the end of the period covered by this Report because of the material weakness in internal control over financial reporting discussed below.
A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. During the preparation of this Report, we identified a material weakness in internal control over financial reporting related to the accounting for an adjustment in certain terms of an outstanding warrant issued in conjunction with our 2020 Convertible Notes. As a result of our underwritten public offering in February 2021, the number of shares issuable and the exercise price were each adjusted pursuant to the terms of the warrant. While we accurately accounted for the decrease in the exercise price, due to an oversight we did not account for the increase in the number of shares available for exercise under the warrant. This error resulted in a revision of our unaudited condensed financial statements for each of the quarters ended March 31, 2021 and June 30, 2021. Accordingly, our management has determined that this control deficiency constitutes a material weakness.
We are actively engaged in the implementation of a remediation plan to ensure that controls contributing to the material weakness described above are designed appropriately and will operate effectively. The remediation actions that we are implementing include a control to create and review on a quarterly basis a summary schedule of material terms of all
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outstanding debt and equity instruments and a control to review all existing financing agreements in conjunction with any new financing arrangements.
Management believes that the remediation measures described above will strengthen our internal control over financial reporting and remediate the material weakness we have identified. However, the material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting will not be considered remediated until the new controls are fully implemented, in operation for a sufficient period of time, tested and concluded by management to be designed and operating effectively.
Management is committed to continuous improvement of our internal control over financial reporting and will continue to diligently review our financial reporting controls and procedures. However, we cannot provide any assurance that these remediation efforts will be successful or that our internal control over financial reporting will be effective as a result of these efforts. Management will test, evaluate and audit the implementation of these new processes and internal controls to ascertain whether they are designed and operating effectively to provide reasonable assurance that they will prevent or detect a material error in the Company’s financial statements.
As described in Note 1, "The Company and Basis of Presentation," included in Part I, Item 1 of our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, we have revised prior period financial statements to correct for the errors resulting from the material weakness described above. As a result of the procedures performed to correct these errors, we believe that the condensed consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q fairly present, in all material respects, our financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented in conformity with GAAP.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
Other than the material weakness and subsequent remediation plan described above, there were no other changes in our internal control over financial reporting identified in connection with the evaluation required by Rule 13a-15(d) and 15d-15(d) of the Exchange Act that occurred during the most recent fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
Limitations on Effectiveness of Controls
In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives. In addition, the design of disclosure controls and procedures must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints and that management is required to apply its judgment in evaluating the benefits of possible controls and procedures relative to their costs.
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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
The information set forth under the "Litigation" subheading in Note 7, "Commitments and Contingencies" in the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Report on Form 10-Q is incorporated herein by reference.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Important risk factors that could affect our operations and financial performance, or that could cause results or events to differ from current expectations, are described in Part I, Item 1A, "Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 31, 2021 for the year ended December 31, 2020, as supplemented by the "Risk Factors" section in our prospectuses filed with the SEC on February 12, 2021 (as amended and/or supplemented to date), April 7, 2021 (as amended and/or supplemented to date) and October 26, 2021 (as amended and/or supplemented to date) and the information set forth below or contained elsewhere in this Report. The risks and uncertainties described below, within our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 and the prospectuses are not the only risks we face. Additional risks and uncertainties that we are unaware of, or that we currently believe are not material, may also become important factors that adversely affect our business or results of operations.
We have identified a material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting that, if not properly remediated or if we experience additional material weaknesses, could result in us being unable to provide required financial information in a timely and reliable manner, which may cause investors to lose confidence in our reported financial information and may lead to a decline in our stock price.
Our management has identified a material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2021 related to the accounting for a certain adjustment provision that triggered in February 2021 related to a warrant issued in conjunction with our 2020 Convertible Notes. A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. For further discussion of our internal control over financial reporting, a description of the identified material weakness and a summary of the remediation efforts we are implementing, see Part I, Item 4 “Controls and Procedures” of this Report.
If we are not able to remediate the material weakness in a timely manner, or if additional material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting are discovered or occur in the future, we may be unable to provide required financial information in a timely and reliable manner, which may cause investors to lose confidence in our reported financial information and may lead to a decline in our stock price.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
None.
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
None.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Not applicable.
Item 5. Other Information
None.
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Item 6. Exhibits
Unless otherwise noted, the exhibits listed on the accompanying Exhibit Index are filed or incorporated by reference (as stated therein) as part of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
EXHIBIT INDEX
Exhibit No.Description
3.1
3.2
4.1
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5
10.6
10.7
31.1*
31.2*
32.1(1)
101.INSXBRL Instance Document*
101.SCHXBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema*
101.CALXBRL Taxonomy Calculation Linkbase*
101.LABXBRL Taxonomy Label Linkbase*
101.PREXBRL Definition Linkbase Document*
101.DEFXBRL Definition Linkbase Document*
*Filed herewith
(1)The certifications attached as Exhibit 32.1 accompany this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, and shall not be deemed “filed” by the Registrant for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

November 12, 2021Phunware, Inc.
By:/s/ Alan S. Knitowski
Name:Alan S. Knitowski
Title:Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)
By:/s/ Matt Aune
Name:Matt Aune
Title:Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Accounting and Financial Officer)

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