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HFFG HF Foods

Filed: 9 Aug 21, 4:01pm
Table of Contents
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
__________________________________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
(Mark one)
☒ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2021
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _______________________ to _______________________.
Commission File Number: 001-38180
__________________________________________________________________________
HF FOODS GROUP INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
81-2717873
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
19319 Arenth Avenue, City of Industry, CA 91748
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(626) 338-1090
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading SymbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.0001 par valueHFFGNasdaq Capital Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer ☐Accelerated filer ☒
Non-accelerated filer ☐Smaller reporting company ☐
Emerging growth company ☒
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No ☒
As of August 6, 2021, the registrant had 51,913,411 shares of common stock outstanding.


Table of Contents
HF FOODS GROUP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTER ENDED JUNE 30, 2021
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PART I.     FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements.
HF FOODS GROUP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(UNAUDITED)
As of
June 30,
2021
December 31,
2020
ASSETS
CURRENT ASSETS:
Cash$13,425,792 $9,580,853 
Accounts receivable, net30,308,639 24,857,322 
Accounts receivable - related parties, net1,921,415 1,261,463 
Inventories, net64,061,582 58,535,040 
Advances to suppliers - related parties, net196,803 
Other current assets3,819,451 4,614,164 
TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS113,536,879 99,045,645 
Property and equipment, net134,755,748 136,869,085 
Operating lease right-of-use assets16,326,011 931,630 
Long-term investments2,425,625 2,377,164 
Intangible assets, net170,352,500 175,797,650 
Goodwill68,511,941 68,511,941 
Deferred tax assets59,079 57,478 
Other long-term assets1,253,212 694,490 
TOTAL ASSETS$507,220,995 $484,285,083 
CURRENT LIABILITIES:
Bank overdraft$15,018,435 $14,839,747 
Line of credit19,111,822 18,279,062 
Accounts payable41,668,144 28,602,570 
Accounts payable - related parties1,956,629 1,572,427 
Current portion of long-term debt, net5,804,100 5,641,259 
Current portion of obligations under finance leases272,648 286,903 
Current portion of obligations under operating leases610,256 308,148 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities5,123,479 6,178,144 
Obligations under interest rate swap contracts393,479 993,516 
TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES89,958,992 76,701,776 
Long-term debt, net85,142,465 88,008,803 
Promissory note payable - related party5,500,000 7,000,000 
Obligations under finance leases, non-current630,774 766,885 
Obligations under operating leases, non-current15,930,735 623,482 
Deferred tax liabilities45,078,908 46,382,704 
TOTAL LIABILITIES242,241,874 219,483,650 
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY:
Preferred Stock, $0.0001 par value, 1,000,000 shares authorized, 0 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively
Common Stock, $0.0001 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized, 51,913,411 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively5,191 5,191 
Additional paid-in capital583,723,206 587,579,093 
Accumulated deficit(322,030,870)(327,150,398)
TOTAL SHAREHOLDER'S EQUITY ATTRIBUTABLE TO HF FOODS GROUP INC.261,697,527 260,433,886 
Non-controlling interests3,281,594 4,367,547 
TOTAL SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY264,979,121 264,801,433 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY$507,220,995 $484,285,083 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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HF FOODS GROUP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(UNAUDITED)
For the Three Months Ended June 30,For the Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
Net revenue - third parties$190,460,529 $101,105,691 $347,451,896 $271,814,931 
Net revenue - related parties3,085,707 3,454,405 5,476,168 8,548,501 
TOTAL NET REVENUE193,546,236 104,560,096 352,928,064 280,363,432 
Cost of revenue - third parties154,919,694 80,707,172 282,559,053 222,666,532 
Cost of revenue - related parties3,492,238 3,240,140 5,805,116 8,109,071 
TOTAL COST OF REVENUE158,411,932 83,947,312 288,364,169 230,775,603 
GROSS PROFIT35,134,304 20,612,784 64,563,895 49,587,829 
DISTRIBUTION, SELLING AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES29,903,759 25,092,568 58,031,254 54,499,161 
INCOME (LOSS) FROM OPERATIONS5,230,545 (4,479,784)6,532,641 (4,911,332)
Other Income (Expenses)
Interest income132 263 
Interest expense(709,342)(324,319)(1,451,483)(2,275,888)
Goodwill impairment loss(338,191,407)
Other income473,190 264,730 912,749 670,380 
Change in fair value of interest rate swap contracts(112,256)(1,264,254)1,318,636 (1,264,254)
Total Other Income (Expenses), net(348,408)(1,323,711)779,902 (341,060,906)
INCOME (LOSS) BEFORE INCOME TAX PROVISION (BENEFIT)4,882,137 (5,803,495)7,312,543 (345,972,238)
PROVISION (BENEFIT) FOR INCOME TAXES1,377,098 (1,489,305)1,984,305 (1,971,516)
NET INCOME (LOSS)3,505,039 (4,314,190)5,328,238 (344,000,722)
Less: net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests(91,557)(255,287)208,710 (57,877)
NET INCOME (LOSS) ATTRIBUTABLE TO HF FOODS GROUP INC.$3,596,596 $(4,058,903)$5,119,528 $(343,942,845)
Earnings (loss) per common share - basic and diluted$0.07 $(0.08)$0.10 $(6.60)
Weighted average shares - basic and diluted51,913,41152,145,09651,913,41152,145,096
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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HF FOODS GROUP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
(UNAUDITED)
Common StockTreasury StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Retained
Earnings
(Accumulated
Deficit)
Total Shareholders’
Equity
Attributable
to HF Foods
Group Inc.
Non-controlling
Interests
Total
Shareholders’
Equity
Number of
Shares
AmountNumber of
Shares
Amount
Balance at January 1, 202151,913,411 $5,191 0 $0 $587,579,093 $(327,150,398)$260,433,886 $4,367,547 $264,801,433 
Net income     1,522,932 1,522,932 300,267 1,823,199 
Distribution to shareholders       (73,000)(73,000)
Balance at March 31, 202151,913,411 5,191 0 0 587,579,093 (325,627,466)261,956,818 4,594,814 266,551,632 
Net income—  —  3,596,596 3,596,596 (91,557)3,505,039 
Acquisition of non-controlling interest— — — — (3,855,887)— (3,855,887)(1,144,113)(5,000,000)
Distribution to shareholders— — — — — — — (77,550)(77,550)
Balance at June 30, 202151,913,411 $5,191 0 $0 $583,723,206 $(322,030,870)$261,697,527 $3,281,594 $264,979,121 
Balance at January 1, 202053,050,211 $5,305 (905,115)$(12,038,030)$599,617,009 $15,823,661 $603,407,945 $4,248,787 $607,656,732 
Net income (loss)— — — — — (339,883,942)(339,883,942)197,410 (339,686,532)
Distribution to shareholders       (125,000)(125,000)
Balance at March 31, 202053,050,211 5,305 (905,115)(12,038,030)599,617,009 (324,060,281)263,524,003 4,321,197 267,845,200 
Net loss— — — — — (4,058,903)(4,058,903)(255,287)(4,314,190)
Balance at June 30, 202053,050,211 $5,305 (905,115)$(12,038,030)$599,617,009 $(328,119,184)$259,465,100 $4,065,910 $263,531,010 


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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HF FOODS GROUP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(UNAUDITED)
For the Six Months Ended June 30,
20212020
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net Income (Loss)$5,328,238 $(344,000,722)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization expense9,091,499 8,995,488 
Goodwill impairment loss338,191,407 
Gain from disposal of equipment(48,521)(20,349)
Allowance for doubtful accounts(22,945)2,924,148 
Allowance for inventories66,609 43,496 
Deferred tax benefit(1,305,397)(2,497,040)
Income from equity method investment(48,461)(50,337)
Unrealized change in fair value of interest rate swap contracts(600,037)1,264,254 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable, net(5,428,372)23,751,669 
Accounts receivable - related parties, net(659,952)3,153,318 
Inventories, net(5,593,151)10,705,175 
Advances to suppliers - related parties196,803 615,503 
Other current assets794,714 649,096 
Security deposit - related parties58,880 
Other long-term assets(574,644)12,188 
Accounts payable13,065,571 (9,402,330)
Accounts payable - related parties384,202 (2,130,874)
Operating lease liability(321,032)(200,163)
Accrued expenses and other liabilities(1,054,664)354,844 
Net cash provided by operating activities13,270,460 32,417,651 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchase of property and equipment(663,667)(209,964)
Proceeds from disposal of equipment68,767 90,879 
Payment made for acquisition of B&R Realty(94,004,068)
Payment made for acquisition of non-controlling interest(5,000,000)0 
Net cash used in investing activities(5,594,900)(94,123,153)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from bank overdraft178,688 
Repayment of bank overdraft(7,367,573)
Proceeds from line of credit358,185,458 275,070,371 
Repayment of line of credit(357,418,298)(284,450,866)
Proceeds from long-term debt75,614,612 
Repayment of long-term debt(2,975,553)(2,873,572)
Repayment of promissory note payable - related party(1,500,000)
Repayment of obligations under finance leases(150,366)(135,737)
Cash distribution to shareholders(150,550)(125,000)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities(3,830,621)55,732,235 
Net increase (decrease) in cash3,844,939 (5,973,267)
Cash at beginning of the period9,580,853 14,538,286 
Cash at end of the period$13,425,792 $8,565,019 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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HF FOODS GROUP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
NOTE 1 - ORGANIZATION AND BUSINESS DESCRIPTION
Organization and General
HF Foods Group Inc. and subsidiaries (collectively “HF Group”, or the “Company”) is a leading Asian food service distributor that markets and distributes fresh produce, frozen and dry food, and non-food products to primarily Asian restaurants and other food service customers throughout the Southeast, Pacific and Mountain West regions in the United States. The Company is the result of a successful merger between two complementary market leaders, HF Group Holding Corporation ("HF Holding") and B&R Global Holdings, Inc. ("B&R Global") on November 4, 2019.
The Company was originally incorporated in Delaware on May 19, 2016 as a special purpose acquisition company under the name Atlantic Acquisition Corp. (“Atlantic”), in order to acquire, through a merger, share exchange, asset acquisition, share purchase, recapitalization, reorganization or similar business combination with, one or more businesses or entities.
On August 22, 2018, Atlantic consummated a reverse acquisition transaction resulting in the stockholders of HF Holding becoming the majority shareholders of Atlantic, and changed its name to HF Foods Group Inc. On November 4, 2019, the Company consummated a merger transaction, resulting in B&R Global becoming a wholly owned subsidiary of HF Group. On January 17, 2020, B&R Global acquired all the subsidiaries' equity membership interests under B&R Group Realty Holding, LLC ("BRGR"), which owned warehouse facilities that were being leased to B&R Global for its operations in California, Arizona, Utah, Colorado, Washington, and Montana. See further transaction details below.
Formation of HF Holding
HF Holding was incorporated in the State of North Carolina on October 11, 2017 as a holding company to acquire and consolidate the various operating entities under one roof. On January 1, 2018, HF Holding entered into a Share Exchange Agreement (the “Exchange Agreement”) with the controlling shareholders of the 11 entities listed below in exchange for all of HF Holding’s outstanding shares. Upon completion of the share exchanges, these entities became either wholly-owned or majority-owned subsidiaries of HF Holding.
Han Feng, Inc. (“Han Feng”)
Truse Trucking, Inc. (“TT”)
Morning First Delivery, Inc. (“MFD”)
R&N Holdings, LLC (“R&N Holdings”)
R&N Lexington, LLC (“R&N Lexington”)
Kirnsway Manufacturing, Inc. (“Kirnsway”)
Chinesetg, Inc. (“Chinesetg”)
New Southern Food Distributors, Inc. (“NSF”)
B&B Trucking Services, Inc. (“BB”)
Kirnland Food Distribution, Inc. (“Kirnland”)
HG Realty LLC (“HG Realty”)
In accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board’s (“FASB") Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 805-50-25, the transaction consummated through the Exchange Agreement has been accounted for as a transaction among entities under common control since the same shareholders controlled all these 11 entities prior to the execution of the Agreement. Furthermore, ASC 805-50-45-5 indicates that the financial statements and financial information presented for prior years also shall be retrospectively adjusted to furnish comparative information.
In accordance with ASC 805-50-30-5, when accounting for a transfer of assets or exchange of shares between entities under common control, the entity that receives the net assets or the equity interests should initially recognize the assets and liabilities transferred at their carrying amounts in the accounts of the transferring entity at the date of the transfer. If the carrying amounts of the assets and liabilities transferred differ from the historical cost of the parent of the entities under common control, then the financial statements of the receiving entity should reflect the transferred assets and liabilities at the historical cost of the parent of the entities under common control. Accordingly, the Company has recorded the assets and liabilities transferred from the above entities at their carrying amount.
Reverse Acquisition of HF Holding
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On August 22, 2018, Atlantic consummated a reverse acquisition transaction resulting in HF Holding becoming the surviving entity (the “Atlantic Merger”) and a wholly owned subsidiary of Atlantic (the “Atlantic Acquisition”). The stockholders of HF Holding became the majority shareholders of Atlantic, and the Company changed its name to HF Foods Group, Inc. (Collectively, these transactions are referred to as the “Atlantic Transactions”).
At closing, Atlantic issued the HF Holding stockholders an aggregate of 19,969,831 shares of its common stock, equal to approximately 88.5% of the aggregate issued and outstanding shares of Atlantic’s common stock. The pre-Transaction stockholders of Atlantic owned the remaining 11.5% of the issued and outstanding shares of common stock of the combined entity.
Following the consummation of the Atlantic Transactions on August 22, 2018, there were 22,167,486 shares of common stock issued and outstanding, consisting of (i) 19,969,831 shares issued to HF Holding’s stockholders pursuant to the Atlantic Merger Agreement, (ii) 10,000 restricted shares issued to one of Atlantic’s shareholders in conjunction with the Atlantic Transactions, and (iii) 2,587,655 shares originally issued to the pre-Transactions stockholders of Atlantic, less 400,000 shares sold back to Atlantic by one of Atlantic’s pre-Transactions shareholders in conjunction with the Atlantic Transactions.
The Atlantic Acquisition was treated as a reverse acquisition under the acquisition method of accounting in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”). For accounting purposes, HF Holding was considered to be acquiring Atlantic in this transaction. Therefore, the aggregate consideration paid in connection with the business combination was allocated to Atlantic’s tangible and intangible assets and liabilities based on their fair market values. The assets and liabilities and results of operations of Atlantic were consolidated into the results of operations of HF Holding as of the completion of the Atlantic Transactions.
HF Holding Entities Organized or Acquired Post-Atlantic Merger
On July 10, 2019, the Company, through its subsidiary Han Feng, formed a new real estate holding company, R&N Charlotte, L.L.C. ("R&N Charlotte"). R&N Charlotte owns a 4.66 acre tract of land with appurtenant 115,570 square foot office/warehouse/industrial facility located in Charlotte, North Carolina.
On December 10, 2019, the Company, through its subsidiary Han Feng, established a new entity, HF Foods Industrial, L.L.C. ("HFFI"), as owner of 60% of member interests, to operate as a food processing company.
On October 1, 2020, the Company, through its subsidiary HF Group Holding, formed a wholly-owned new real estate lease holding company, 273 Fifth Avenue, L.L.C. ("273 Co").
On May 28, 2021, the Company, through its subsidiary HF Group Holding, purchased the 33.33% non-controlling interest of the stock in Kirnland from the previous minority shareholder.
The following table summarizes all the existing entities under HF Holding after the above-mentioned reorganization, together with new entities formed or acquired after the Atlantic Transactions:

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NameDate of Formation /
Incorporation
Place of Formation /
Incorporation
Percentage
of Legal
Ownership
by HF Group
Principal Activities
Parent:
HF HoldingOctober 11, 2017North Carolina, USA100%Holding Company
Subsidiaries:
Han FengJanuary 14, 1997North Carolina, USA100%Foodservice distributor
KirnlandApril 11, 2006Georgia, USA100%Foodservice distributor
NSFDecember 17, 2008Florida, USA100%Foodservice distributor
HFFIDecember 10, 2019North Carolina, USA60%Food processing company
ChinesetgJuly 12, 2011New York, USA100%Design and printing services provider
KirnswayMay 24, 2006North Carolina, USA100%Design and printing services provider
BBSeptember 12, 2001Florida, USA100%Logistic service provider
MFDApril 15, 1999North Carolina, USA100%Logistic service provider
TTAugust 6, 2002North Carolina, USA100%Logistic service provider
HG RealtyMay 11, 2012Georgia, USA100%Real estate holding company
R&N CharlotteJuly 10, 2019North Carolina, USA100%Real estate holding company
R&N HoldingsNovember 21, 2002North Carolina, USA100%Real estate holding company
R&N LexingtonMay 27, 2010North Carolina, USA100%Real estate holding company
273 CoOctober 10, 2020Delaware, USA100%Real estate lease holding company
Merger with B&R Global
On November 4, 2019, HF Group consummated a merger transaction resulting in B&R Global becoming a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (the "Business Combination"). At closing, the Company acquired 100% of the controlling interest of B&R Global, in exchange for the issuance of 30,700,000 shares of Common Stock of the Company to the shareholders of B&R Global. Pursuant to the B&R Merger Agreement, the aggregate fair value of the consideration paid by the Company in the Business Combination was $576,699,494, based on the closing share price of the Company’s common stock at the date of Closing.
B&R Global was formed in 2014 as a holding company to acquire and consolidate the various operating entities (listed below) under one roof. Through its subsidiaries, B&R Global supplies foodservice items to approximately 5,000 restaurants across 11 Western states.
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The following table summarizes the entities under B&R Global in the Business Combination:
NameDate of Formation /
Incorporation
Place of Formation /
Incorporation
Percentage
of Legal
Ownership
by B&R
Global
Principal Activities
Parent:
B&R GlobalJanuary 3, 2014Delaware, USAHolding Company
Subsidiaries:
B&L Trading, LLC (“BNL”)July 18, 2013Washington, USA100%Foodservice distributor
Capital Trading, LLC (“UT”)March 10, 2003Utah, USA100%Foodservice distributor
Great Wall Seafood LA, LLC (“GW”)March 7, 2014California, USA100%Foodservice distributor
Min Food Inc. (“MIN”)May 29, 2014California, USA60.25%Foodservice distributor
Monterey Food Service, LLC (“MS”)September 14, 2017California, USA65%Foodservice distributor
Mountain Food, LLC (“MF”)May 2, 2006Colorado, USA100%Foodservice distributor
Ocean West Food Services, LLC (“OW”)December 22, 2011California, USA67.5%Foodservice distributor
R & C Trading, L.L.C. (“RNC”)November 26, 2007Arizona, USA100%Foodservice distributor
Rongcheng Trading, LLC (“RC”)January 31, 2006California, USA100%Foodservice distributor
Win Woo Trading, LLC (‘WW”)January 23, 2004California, USA100%Foodservice distributor
Irwindale Poultry, LLC (“IP”)December 27, 2017California, USA100%Poultry processing company
Lin’s Farms, LLC (“LNF”)July 2, 2014Utah, USA100%Poultry processing company
Kami Trading Inc. (“KAMI”)November 20, 2013California, USA100%Import service provider
American Fortune Foods Inc. (“AF”)February 19, 2014California, USA100%Logistic and import service provider
B&R Group Logistics Holding LLC (“BRGL”)July 17, 2014Delaware, USA100%Logistic service provider
Best Choice Trucking, LLC (“BCT”)January 1, 2011California, USA100%Logistic service provider
Fuso Trucking Corp. (“FUSO”)January 20, 2015California, USAVIE*Logistic service provider
GM Food Supplies, Inc. (“GM”)March 22, 2016California, USA100%Logistic service provider
Golden Well Inc. (“GWT”)November 8, 2011California, USA100%Logistic service provider
Happy FM Group, Inc. (“HFM”)April 9, 2014California, USA100%Logistic service provider
Hayward Trucking, Inc. (“HRT”)September 5, 2012California, USA100%Logistic service provider
KYL Group, Inc. (“KYL”)April 18, 2014Nevada, USA100%Logistic service provider
Lin’s Distribution Inc., Inc. (“LIN”)February 2, 2010Utah, USA100%Logistic service provider
MF Food Services, Inc. (“MFS”)December 21, 2017California, USA100%Logistic service provider
New Berry Trading, LLC (“NBT”)September 5, 2012California, USA100%Logistic service provider
Royal Service, Inc. (“RS”)December 29, 2014Oregon, USA100%Logistic service provider
Royal Trucking Services, Inc. (“RTS”)May 19, 2015Washington, USA100%Logistic service provider
Yi Z Service LLC (“YZ”)October 2, 2017California, USA100%Logistic service provider
*On November 4, 2019 and as of June 30, 2021, B&R Global consolidated FUSO, which is considered as a variable interest entity (“VIE”) under U.S. GAAP, due to its pecuniary and contractual interest in this entity as a result of the funding arrangements outlined in the entity.
Acquisition of Real Estate Companies
On January 17, 2020, the Company completed the transactions contemplated by that certain membership interest purchase agreement dated the same date (the “Purchase Agreement”) by and among its subsidiary B&R Global, BRGR, and 9 subsidiary limited liability companies wholly owned by BRGR (the “BRGR Subsidiaries”) (the “Realty Acquisition”). Pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, B&R Global acquired all equity membership interests in the BRGR Subsidiaries, which own 10 warehouse facilities that were being leased by the Company for its operations in California, Arizona, Utah, Colorado, Washington, and Montana for purchase consideration of $101,269,706. Consideration for the Realty Acquisition was funded by
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(i) $75.6 million in mortgage-backed term loans financed under the Second Amended Credit Agreement (see Note 10 for additional information), (ii) issuance by B&R Global of a $7.0 million Unsecured Subordinated Promissory Note (the “Note”) to BRGR, and (iii) payment of $18.7 million from funds drawn from the Company’s revolving credit facility.
The following table summarizes B&R Global’s additional wholly owned subsidiaries as a result of the Realty Acquisition:
NameDate of Formation /
Incorporation
Place of Formation /
Incorporation
Percentage of Legal
Ownership by B&R Global
Principal Activities
A & Kie, LLC ("AK")March 26, 2010Arizona, USA100%Real estate holding company
B & R Realty, LLC ("BRR")August 28, 2013California, USA100%Real estate holding company
Big Sea Realty, LLC ("BSR")April 3, 2013Washington, USA100%Real estate holding company
Fortune Liberty, LLC ("FL")November 22, 2006Utah, USA100%Real estate holding company
Genstar Realty, LLC ("GSR")February 27, 2012California, USA100%Real estate holding company
Hardin St Properties, LLC ("HP")December 5, 2012Montana, USA100%Real estate holding company
Lenfa Food, LLC ("LF")February 14, 2002Colorado, USA100%Real estate holding company
Lucky Realty, LLC ("LR")September 3, 2003California, USA100%Real estate holding company
Murray Properties, LLC ("MP")February 27, 2013Utah, USA100%Real estate holding company
The combined entity, resulting from the merger of B&R Global and HF Group, has 13 distribution centers strategically located in 8 states across the Southeast, Pacific and Mountain West regions of the United States and serves over 10,000 restaurants across 22 states with a fleet of over 300 refrigerated vehicles, a workforce of over 780 employees and subcontractors. The Company is also supported by 2 call centers in China which provide round-the-clock sales and service supports to its customers, who mainly converse in Mandarin or Chinese dialects.
NOTE 2 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP for interim financial information pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) and have been consistently applied. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019. Operating results for the six month periods ended June 30, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2021.
The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of HF Group, its subsidiaries and the VIE. The VIE has been accounted for at historical cost and prepared on the basis as if common control had been established as of the beginning of the first period presented in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. All inter-company balances and transactions have been eliminated upon consolidation.
U.S. GAAP provides guidance on the identification of VIE and financial reporting for entities over which control is achieved through means other than voting interests. The Company evaluates each of its interests in an entity to determine whether or not the investee is a VIE and, if so, whether the Company is the primary beneficiary of such VIE. In determining whether the Company is the primary beneficiary, the Company considers if the Company (1) has power to direct the activities that most significantly affect the economic performance of the VIE, and (2) receives the economic benefits of the VIE that could be significant to the VIE. If deemed the primary beneficiary, the Company consolidates the VIE.
As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, FUSO is considered to be a VIE. FUSO was established solely to provide exclusive services to the Company. The entity lacks sufficient equity to finance its activities without additional subordinated financial support from the Company, and the Company has the power to direct the VIE's activities. In addition, the Company receives the economic benefits from the entity and has concluded that the Company is a primary beneficiary.
The carrying amounts of the assets, liabilities, the results of operations and cash flows of the VIE included in the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets, statements of operations, and statements of cash flows are as follows:
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June 30,
2021
December 31,
2020
Current assets$388,729 $47,822 
Non-current assets97,946 115,934 
Total assets$486,675 $163,756 
Current liabilities$655,401 $496,234 
Non-current liabilities26,548 39,475 
Total liabilities$681,949 $535,709 

For the Three Months Ended June 30,For the Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
Net revenue$747,831 $415,377 $1,201,005 $1,081,805 
Net income$150,584 $34,667 $176,679 $99,445 

For the Three Months Ended June 30,For the Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities$(34,231)$19,978 $52,512 $334,202 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities(6,586)(23,475)9,855 (245,612)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents$(40,817)$(3,497)$62,367 $88,590 
Non-controlling Interests
U.S. GAAP requires that non-controlling interests in subsidiaries and affiliates be reported in the equity section of a company’s balance sheet. In addition, the amounts attributable to the net income (loss) of those subsidiaries are reported separately in the consolidated statements of operations.
On May 28, 2021, the Company, through its subsidiary HF Group Holding, purchased the 33.33% noncontrolling interest of the stock in Kirnland for $5,000,000. In accordance with ASC 810-10-45-23, changes in a parent’s ownership interest while the parent retains its controlling financial interest in its subsidiary shall be accounted for as equity transactions. Therefore, no gain or loss shall be recognized. As a result of this transaction, noncontrolling interests were reduced by $1,144,113 and the remaining difference of $3,855,887 was charged to additional paid-in capital.
As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, non-controlling interests consisted of the following:
Name of EntityPercentage of
Non-controlling
Interest Ownership
June 30,
2021
December 31,
2020
Kirnland0%$$1,384,780 
MIN39.75%1,116,222 889,596 
MS35.00%451,673 459,816 
OW32.50%1,713,699 1,633,355 
Total$3,281,594 $4,367,547 
Uses of Estimates
The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during each reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant accounting estimates reflected in the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include, but are not limited to, allowance for doubtful accounts, useful lives of property and equipment, lease assumptions, impairment of long-lived assets, long-term investments, goodwill, the purchase
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price allocation and fair value of non-controlling interests with respect to business combinations, realization of deferred tax assets, and uncertain income tax positions.
Cash
The Company considers all highly liquid investments purchased with a maturity of three months or shorter to be cash equivalents. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had 0 cash equivalents, respectively.
Accounts Receivable, net
Accounts receivable represent amounts due from customers in the ordinary course of business and are recorded at the invoiced amount and do not bear interest. Receivables are presented net of the allowance for doubtful accounts in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. The Company evaluates the collectability of its accounts receivable and determines the appropriate allowance for doubtful accounts based on a combination of factors. When the Company is aware of a customer’s inability to meet its financial obligation, a specific allowance for doubtful accounts is recorded, reducing the receivable to the net amount the Company reasonably expects to collect. In addition, allowances are recorded for all other receivables based on historic collection trends, write-offs and the aging of receivables. The Company uses specific criteria to determine uncollectible receivables to be written off, including, e.g., bankruptcy filings, the referral of customer accounts to outside parties for collection, and the length that accounts remain past due. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, allowances for doubtful accounts were $723,918 and $909,182, respectively.
Inventories, net
The Company’s inventories, consisting mainly of food and other food service-related products, are considered as finished goods. Inventory costs, including the purchase price of the product and freight charges to deliver it to the Company’s warehouses, are net of certain cash or non-cash consideration received from vendors. The Company assesses the need for valuation allowances for slow-moving, excess and obsolete inventories by estimating the net recoverable value of such goods based upon inventory category, inventory age, specifically identified items, and overall economic conditions. Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value using the first-in, first-out (FIFO) method. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the valuation allowance was $232,946 and $146,078, respectively.
Property and Equipment, net
Property and equipment are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Depreciation is calculated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets. Following are the estimated useful lives of the Company’s property and equipment:
Estimated Useful Lives
(Years)
Automobiles37
Buildings and improvements739
Furniture and fixtures410
Machinery and equipment310
Repair and maintenance costs are charged to expense as incurred, whereas the cost of renewals and betterment that extends the useful lives of property and equipment are capitalized as additions to the related assets. Retirements, sales and disposals of assets are recorded by removing the cost and accumulated depreciation from the asset and accumulated depreciation accounts with any resulting gain or loss reflected in the consolidated statements of operations in other income or expenses.
Business Combinations
The Company accounts for its business combinations using the purchase method of accounting in accordance with ASC 805 (“ASC 805”), Business Combinations. The purchase method of accounting requires that the consideration transferred be allocated to the assets, including separately identifiable assets and liabilities the Company acquired, based on their estimated fair values. The consideration transferred in an acquisition is measured as the aggregate of the fair values at the date of exchange of the assets given, liabilities incurred, and equity instruments issued as well as the contingent considerations and all contractual contingencies as of the acquisition date. Identifiable assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities acquired or assumed are measured separately at their fair value as of the acquisition date, irrespective of the extent of any non-controlling interests.
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The excess of (i) the total of cost of acquisition, fair value of the non-controlling interests and acquisition date fair value of any previously held equity interest in the acquiree over, (ii) the fair value of the identifiable net assets of the acquiree, is recorded as goodwill. If the cost of acquisition is less than the fair value of the net assets of the subsidiary acquired, the difference is recognized directly in earnings.
The Company estimates the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in a business combination. While the Company uses its best estimates and assumptions to accurately value assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date, its estimates are inherently uncertain and subject to refinement. Significant estimates in valuing certain intangible assets include, but are not limited to future expected revenues and cash flows, useful lives, discount rates, and selection of comparable companies. Although the Company believes the assumptions and estimates it has made in the past have been reasonable and appropriate, they are based in part on historical experience and information obtained from management of the acquired companies and are inherently uncertain. During the measurement period, which may be up to one year from the acquisition date, the Company records adjustments to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed with the corresponding offset to goodwill. On the conclusion of the measurement period or final determination of the values of assets acquired or liabilities assumed, whichever comes first, any subsequent adjustments are recorded to the Company’s consolidated statements of operations.
Transaction costs associated with business combinations are expensed as incurred, and are included in distribution, selling and administrative expenses in the Company’s consolidated statements of operations. The results of operations of the businesses that the Company acquired are included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements from the date of acquisition.
Goodwill
Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of net assets acquired in a business combination. The Company tests goodwill for impairment at least annually, in the fourth quarter, or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that goodwill might be impaired.
The Company reviews the carrying values of goodwill and identifiable intangibles whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that such carrying values may not be recoverable and annually for goodwill and indefinite lived intangible assets as required by ASC Topic 350 (“ASC 350”), Intangibles — Goodwill and Other. This guidance provides the option to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying value. If, based on a review of qualitative factors, it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying value, the Company performs a quantitative analysis. If the quantitative analysis indicates the carrying value of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, the Company measures any goodwill impairment losses as the amount by which the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, not to exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit.
The Company opted for the early adoption of Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2017-4, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. The standard simplifies the subsequent measurement of goodwill by removing Step 2 of the current goodwill impairment test, which requires a hypothetical purchase price allocation. Under the new standard, an impairment loss will be recognized in the amount by which a reporting unit's carrying value exceeds its fair value, not to exceed the carrying amount of goodwill.
Intangible Assets
Intangible assets are carried at cost and amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives. The Company determines the appropriate useful life of its intangible assets by measuring the expected cash flows of acquired assets. The estimated useful lives of intangible assets are as follows:
Estimated Useful Lives
(Years)
Tradenames10
Customer relationships20
Long-term Investments
The Company’s investments in unconsolidated entities consist of equity investment and investment without readily determinable fair value.
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The Company follows ASC Topic 321 (“ASC 321”), Investments – Equity Securities, using the measurement alternative to measure investments in investees that do not have readily determinable fair value and over which the Company does not have significant influence at cost, less any impairment, plus or minus changes resulting from observable price changes in orderly transactions for identical or similar investments of the same issuer, if any. The Company makes a qualitative assessment of whether the investment is impaired at each reporting date. If a qualitative assessment indicates that the investment is impaired, the Company has to estimate the investment’s fair value in accordance with the principles of ASC Topic 820 (“ASC 820”), Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures. If the fair value is less than the investment’s carrying value, the entity has to recognize an impairment loss in earnings equal to the difference between the carrying value and fair value.
Investments in entities in which the Company can exercise significant influence but does not own a majority equity interest or control are accounted for using the equity method of accounting in accordance with ASC Topic 323 (“ASC 323”), Investments-Equity Method and Joint Ventures. Under the equity method, the Company initially records its investment at cost and the difference between the cost and the fair value of the underlying equity in the net assets of the equity investee is recognized as equity method goodwill, which is included in the equity method investment on the consolidated balance sheets. The equity method goodwill is not subsequently amortized and is not tested for impairment under ASC 350. The Company subsequently adjusts the carrying amount of the investment to recognize the Company’s proportionate share of each equity investee’s net income or loss into earnings after the date of investment. The Company evaluates the equity method investments for impairment under ASC 323. An impairment loss on the equity method investments is recognized in earnings when the decline in value is determined to be other-than-temporary.
The Company did 0t record any impairment loss on its long-term investments as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
Impairment of Long-lived Assets Other Than Goodwill
The Company assesses its long-lived assets such as property and equipment for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Factors which may indicate potential impairment include a significant underperformance related to the historical or projected future operating results or a significant negative industry or economic trend. Recoverability of these assets is measured by comparison of their carrying amounts to future undiscounted cash flows the assets are expected to generate. If property and equipment, and intangible assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized equals the amount by which the carrying value of the assets exceeds their fair value. The Company did 0t record any impairment loss on its long-lived assets as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
Revenue Recognition
The Company recognizes revenue from the sale of products when title and risk of loss passes and the customer accepts the goods, which occurs at delivery. Sales taxes invoiced to customers and remitted to government authorities are excluded from net sales.
The Company follows ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). The Company recognizes revenue that represents the transfer of goods and services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in such exchange. This requires the Company to identify contractual performance obligations and determine whether revenue should be recognized at a point in time or over time, based on when control of goods and services transfer to a customer. The majority of the Company’s contracts have one single performance obligation, as the promise to transfer the individual goods is not separately identifiable from other promises in the contracts and is, therefore, not distinct. The Company’s revenue streams are recognized at a specific point in time.
For the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, revenue recognized from performance obligations related to prior periods was insignificant. Revenue expected to be recognized in any future periods related to remaining performance obligations is insignificant.
The following table summarizes disaggregated revenue from customers by geographic locations:
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For the Three Months EndedFor the Six Months Ended
June 30,
2021
June 30,
2020
June 30,
2021
June 30,
2020
Arizona$12,376,972 $6,914,288 $23,516,574 $16,926,037 
California71,711,341 34,492,561 124,782,760 102,157,517 
Colorado11,027,852 7,532,674 20,503,418 16,441,667 
Florida22,711,792 11,309,093 42,610,687 30,394,902 
Georgia16,632,853 8,072,633 31,241,879 22,174,887 
North Carolina33,703,273 21,266,959 63,216,780 50,984,476 
Utah13,584,123 10,294,374 26,919,728 25,292,749 
Washington11,798,030 4,677,514 20,136,238 15,991,197 
Total$193,546,236 $104,560,096 $352,928,064 $280,363,432 
Shipping and Handling Costs
Shipping and handling costs, which include costs related to the selection of products and their delivery to customers, are included in distribution, selling and administrative expenses. Shipping and handling costs were $4,399,210 and $3,526,249 for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, and $2,473,438 and $968,016 for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Income Taxes
The Company accounts for income taxes under the asset and liability method, which requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements. Under this method, the Company determines deferred tax assets and liabilities on the basis of the differences between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities by using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.
The Company recognizes deferred tax assets to the extent that it believes that these assets are more likely than not to be realized. In making such a determination, the Company considers all available positive and negative evidence, including future reversals of existing taxable temporary differences, projected future taxable income, tax-planning strategies, and results of recent operations. If the Company determines that it would be able to realize its deferred tax assets in the future in excess of their net recorded amount, the Company would make an adjustment to the deferred tax asset valuation allowance, which would reduce the provision for income taxes.
The Company records uncertain tax positions in accordance with ASC 740 (“ASC 740”), Income Taxes, on the basis of a two-step process in which (1) the Company determines whether it is more likely than not that the tax positions will be sustained on the basis of the technical merits of the position and (2) for those tax positions that meet the more-likely-than-not recognition threshold, the Company recognizes the largest amount of tax benefit that is more than 50 percent likely to be realized upon ultimate settlement with the related tax authority. The Company does not believe that there were any uncertain tax positions at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
The Company adopted ASU 2019-12 (“ASU 2019-12”), Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, on January 1, 2021. ASU 2019-12 is intended to simplify various aspects related to managerial accounting for income taxes. The adoption had no material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
Leases
The Company accounts for leases following ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) ("Topic 842").
As a result of the Realty Acquisition (see Note 6 for additional information), 9 leases previously included in the operating lease asset and liabilities balance were eliminated during consolidation. As of June 30, 2021, the balances for operating lease assets were $16,326,011 and liabilities were $16,540,991. As of December 31, 2020, the balances for operating lease assets were $931,630 and liabilities were $931,630. See Note 11 for additional information. 
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The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at inception. Operating leases are included in operating lease right-of-use (“ROU”) assets, current portion of obligations under operating leases, and obligations under operating leases, non-current on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets. Finance leases are included in property and equipment, net, current portion of finance lease liabilities, and finance lease liabilities, non-current on the consolidated balance sheets.
Operating lease ROU assets and operating lease liabilities are recognized based on the present value of the future minimum lease payments over the lease term at commencement date. As most of the Company’s leases do not provide an implicit rate, the Company uses its incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at commencement date in determining the present value of future payments. The operating lease ROU asset also includes any lease payments made and excludes lease incentives and initial direct costs incurred. The Company’s lease terms may include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise that option. Lease expense for minimum lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
Earnings Per Share
The Company computes earnings per share (“EPS”) in accordance with ASC Topic 260 (“ASC 260”), Earnings per Share. ASC 260 requires companies with complex capital structures to present basic and diluted EPS. Basic EPS is measured as net income divided by the weighted average common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted EPS is similar to basic EPS but presents the dilutive effect on a per share basis of potential common shares (e.g., convertible securities, options and warrants) as if they had been converted at the beginning of the periods presented, or issuance date, if later. Potential common shares that have an anti-dilutive effect (i.e., those that increase income per share or decrease loss per share) are excluded from the calculation of diluted EPS. There is 0 anti-dilutive effect for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The Company follows the provisions of FASB ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures. ASC 820 clarifies the definition of fair value, prescribes methods for measuring fair value, and establishes a fair value hierarchy to classify the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows:
Level 1 - Inputs are unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities available at the measurement date.
Level 2 - Inputs are unadjusted quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active, inputs other than quoted prices that are observable, and inputs derived from or corroborated by observable market data.
Level 3 - Inputs are unobservable inputs which reflect the reporting entity’s own assumptions about what assumptions market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability based on the best available information.
Any transfers of assets or liabilities between Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy will be recognized at the end of the reporting period in which the transfer occurs. There were no transfers between fair value levels in any of the periods presented herein.
The carrying amounts reported in the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets for cash, accounts receivable, advances to suppliers, other current assets, accounts payable, bank overdraft, current portion of long-term debt, current portion of obligations under finance and operating leases, accrued expenses and other liabilities and Obligations under interest rate swap contracts approximate their fair value based on the short-term maturity of these instruments.
Derivative Financial Instrument
In accordance with the guidance in ASC Topic 815 ("ASC 815"), Derivatives and Hedging, derivative financial instruments are recognized as assets or liabilities on the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets at fair value. The Company has not designated its interest rate swap ("IRS") contracts as hedges for accounting treatment. Pursuant to U.S. GAAP, income or loss from fair value changes for derivatives that are not designated as hedges by management are reflected as income or loss on the statement of operations. Net amounts received or paid under the interest rate swap contracts are recognized as an increase or decrease to interest expense when such amounts are incurred. The Company is exposed to credit loss in the event of nonperformance by the counterparty.
Concentrations and Credit Risk
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Credit risk
Accounts receivable are typically unsecured and derived from revenue earned from customers, and thereby exposed to credit risk. The risk is mitigated by the Company’s assessment of its customers’ creditworthiness and its ongoing monitoring of outstanding balances.
Concentration risk
There were no receivables from any one customer representing more than 10% of the Company’s consolidated gross accounts receivable at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
For the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, no supplier accounted for more than 10% of the total cost of revenue. As of June 30, 2021, there were four suppliers that accounted for a combined 53% of total outstanding advance payments, and no supplier that accounted for advance payments to related parties. As of December 31, 2020, two suppliers accounted for a combined 40% of total outstanding advance payments, and one supplier accounted for 96% of advance payments to related parties, respectively.
Reclassifications
Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior period consolidated financial statements to conform to the current period presentation. These reclassifications have no impact on previously reported net loss.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13 (“ASU 2016-13”), Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments”. ASU 2016-13 requires companies to measure credit losses utilizing a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires a consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to inform credit loss estimates. ASU 2016-13 was further amended in November 2019 in “Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments-Credit losses”. This guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including those interim periods within those fiscal years. For emerging growth companies, the effective date has been extended to fiscal years beginning after December 31, 2022. The Company will adopt this ASU within the annual reporting period of December 31, 2023. The Company is currently assessing the impact of adopting this standard, but based upon its preliminary assessment, does not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
NOTE 3 - ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE, NET
Accounts receivable, net consisted of the following:
As of June 30,
2021
As of December 31,
2020
Accounts receivable$31,032,557 $25,766,504 
Less: allowance for doubtful accounts(723,918)(909,182)
Accounts receivable, net$30,308,639 $24,857,322 
Movement of allowance for doubtful accounts is as follows:
For the Six Months Ended
June 30,
2021
June 30,
2020
Beginning balance$909,182 $623,970 
Increase (decrease) in provision for doubtful accounts(22,945)2,924,148 
Less: write off/ (recovery)(162,319)(1,264,660)
Ending balance$723,918 $2,283,458 

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NOTE 4 - LONG-TERM INVESTMENTS
Long-term investments consisted of the following:
Ownership as of June 30,
2021
As of June 30, 2021As of December 31, 2020
Asahi Food, Inc.49%$625,625 $577,164 
Pt. Tamron Akuatik Produk Industri12%1,800,000 1,800,000 
Total$2,425,625 $2,377,164 
The investment in Pt. Tamron Akuatik Produk Industri is accounted for using the measurement alternative under ASC 321, which is measured at cost, less any impairment, plus or minus changes resulting from observable price changes in orderly transactions for identical or similar investments, if any. The investment in Asahi Food, Inc. is accounted for under the equity method due to the fact that the Company has significant influence but does not exercise full control over this investee. The Company believes there was 0 impairment as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 for these investments.
NOTE 5 - PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, NET
Property and equipment, net consisted of the following:
As of June 30,
2021
As of December 31,
2020
Automobiles$23,600,349 $24,544,094 
Building71,285,127 71,285,127 
Building improvements10,014,650 9,807,234 
Furniture and fixtures227,430 223,996 
Land52,125,900 52,125,900 
Machinery and equipment14,224,457 13,498,211 
Subtotal171,477,913 171,484,562 
Less: accumulated depreciation(36,722,165)(34,615,477)
Property and equipment, net$134,755,748 $136,869,085 
The Company acquired $102,331,567 of property and equipment resulting from an acquisition of assets from B&R Realty Group on January 17, 2020. See Note 6 for additional information.
Depreciation expense was $3,012,537 and $3,264,862 for the six month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $1,485,846 and $1,607,452 for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
NOTE 6 - ACQUISITION OF B&R REALTY SUBSIDIARIES
On January 17, 2020, B&R Global acquired 100% equity membership interests of the subsidiaries of BRGR, which own warehouse facilities that were being leased to B&R Global for its operations in California, Arizona, Utah, Colorado, Washington, and Montana. Before the acquisition of BRGR Subsidiaries, CEO of the Company, Xiao Mou Zhang, managed and owned an 8.91% interest in BRGR. The total purchase price for the acquisition was $101,269,706, based on independent appraisals of the fair market value of the properties.
The Company notes that substantially all of the fair value of the gross assets acquired is concentrated in a group of similar assets (land and buildings all used for warehousing and distribution purposes). As such, the acquisition of BRGR Subsidiaries would be deemed an asset acquisition under ASC 805-10-55, and the total purchase price is allocated on a relative fair value basis to the net assets acquired.
Consideration for the acquisition was funded by (i) $75.6 million in mortgage-backed term loans financed under the Second Amended Credit Agreement (see Note 10 for additional information), (ii) issuance by B&R Global of a $7.0 million Unsecured Subordinated Promissory Note to BRGR maturing on January 17, 2030, and (iii) payment of $18.7 million from funds drawn from the Company’s revolving credit facility. The reissuance of the mortgage-backed term loans released BRGR from its
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obligations to the lenders under the First Amended Credit Agreement (See Note 10 for additional information) and predecessor financing arrangements.
The following table presents the estimated fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the date of acquisition:
Cash$265,639 
Automobile33,690 
Prepaids39,193 
Land48,734,042 
Buildings53,563,835 
Total assets acquired102,636,399 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses1,366,693 
Total liabilities assumed1,366,693 
Net assets acquired$101,269,706 

NOTE 7 - GOODWILL AND ACQUIRED INTANGIBLE ASSETS
Goodwill
The changes in HF Group’s carrying amount of goodwill by reporting unit are presented below:
HFB&R GlobalTotal
Balance at December 31, 2020$$68,511,941 $68,511,941 
Impairment loss
Balance at June 30, 2021$$68,511,941 $68,511,941 
The Company booked approximately $406.7 million of goodwill on December 31, 2019, resulting from the completion of Business Combination with B&R Global, which represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of net assets acquired. HF Group acquired 100% of the controlling interest of B&R Global, in exchange for 30,700,000 consideration shares of HF Group Common Stock, valued at $576,699,494 based upon the closing share price of the Company’s common stock at the date of Closing on November 4, 2019. The Company's policy is to test goodwill for impairment annually in the fourth quarter, or more frequently if certain triggering events or circumstances indicate it could be impaired. Potential impairment indicators include (but are not limited to) macroeconomic conditions, industry and market considerations, cost factors, overall financial performance, other relevant entity-specific events, specific events affecting the reporting unit, or sustained decrease in share price.
Towards the end of first quarter of fiscal year 2020, the Company experienced a significant decline in business volume due to mandatory stay-at-home orders issued by governmental authorities in response to the intensification of the COVID-19 pandemic. The Company determined that the B&R Global reporting unit was very sensitive to these declines and that it was more likely than not that an impairment may exist. The Company, therefore, performed an analysis of the fair value of the B&R Global reporting unit as of March 31, 2020 using a discounted cash flow method for goodwill impairment testing purposes. Based upon the analysis, the Company concluded that the carrying value of its B&R Global reporting unit exceeded its fair value by approximately $338.2 million. As a result, the company recorded the amount as impairment loss during the first quarter of fiscal year 2020.
The Company estimated the fair values of the B&R Global reporting unit using the income approach, discounting projected future cash flows based upon management’s expectations of the current and future operating environment. The calculation of the impairment charge includes substantial fact-based determinations and estimates including weighted average cost of capital ("WACC"), future revenue, profitability, perpetual growth rates and fair values of assets and liabilities. The fair value conclusions as of March 31, 2020 for the reporting unit are highly sensitive to changes in the WACC, which consider observable data about guidelines on publicly traded companies, an estimated market participant’s expectations about capital structure and risk premiums. The Company corroborated the reasonableness of the estimated reporting unit fair values by reconciling to its enterprise value and market capitalization. The Company also observed that the WACC applied on March 31, 2020 increased significantly from the original WACC value as of the acquisition date, mainly driven by the increased risk and
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volatility observed in the market. Volatility had primarily been due to concerns about demand for food distribution services, as restaurant activity in much of the country had been reduced to takeout and delivery offerings. Continued uncertainty about the removal or perpetuation of these restrictions and levels of consumer spending cause ongoing volatility.
In addition, the fair value of the goodwill is sensitive to the changes in the assumptions used in the projected cash flows, which include forecasted revenues and perpetual growth rates, among others, all of which require significant judgment by management. The Company has used recent historical performance, current forecasted financial information, and broad-based industry and economic statistics as a basis to estimate the key assumptions utilized in the discounted cash flow model. These key assumptions are inherently uncertain and require a high degree of estimation and judgment and are subject to change based on future conditions, industry and global economic and geo-political factors, and the timing and success of the Company's implementation of current strategic initiatives.
Using historic monthly sales run rate and forecasted sales run rates for the next year, the Company performed goodwill impairment assessment and concluded no further impairment is required as of June 30, 2021.
Acquired Intangible Assets
In connection with the Business Acquisition of B&R Global, HF Group acquired $188,503,000 of intangible assets, representing tradenames and customer relationships, which have an estimated amortization period of approximately 10 years and 20 years, respectively. The components of the intangible assets are as follows:
As of June 30, 2021As of December 31, 2020
Gross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net
Carrying
amount
Gross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net
Carrying
Amount
Tradenames$29,303,000 $(4,883,833)$24,419,167 $29,303,000 $(3,418,683)$25,884,317 
Customer relationships159,200,000 (13,266,667)145,933,333 159,200,000 (9,286,667)149,913,333 
Total$188,503,000 $(18,150,500)$170,352,500 $188,503,000 $(12,705,350)$175,797,650 
The Company performed interim long-lived asset impairment evaluation as of June 30, 2021. All intangible assets were tested for recoverability at the asset group level. ASC Topic 360, Property, Plant and Equipment ("ASC 360") defines the recoverability of these assets as measured by comparison of their (or asset group) carrying amounts to future undiscounted cash flows the assets (or asset group) are expected to generate. The Company performed long-lived impairment assessment and concluded no further impairment is required as of June 30, 2021.
HF Group’s amortization expense for intangible assets was $2,722,575 and $5,445,150 for the three and six month periods respectively ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020, respectively. Estimated future amortization expense for intangible assets is presented below:
Twelve months ending June 30,Amount
2022$10,890,300 
202310,890,300 
202410,890,300 
202510,890,300 
202610,890,300 
Thereafter115,901,000 
Total$170,352,500 


NOTE 8 - DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

The Company utilizes interest rate swaps for the sole purpose of mitigating interest rate fluctuation risk associated to floating rate debt instruments (as defined in Note 9 Line of Credit, and Note 10 Long-Term Debt). The Company does not use any other derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

On August 20, 2019, HF Group entered into 2 IRS contracts with East West Bank (the "EWB IRS") for initial notional amounts of $1.05 million and $2.625 million, respectively. The EWB IRS contracts were entered into in conjunction with 2
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mortgage term loans of corresponding amount that were priced at USD 1-month LIBOR (London Interbank Offering Rate) plus 2.25% per annum for the entire duration of the term loans. The EWB IRS contracts have fixed the 2 term loans at 4.23% per annum until maturity in September 2029.

On December 19, 2019, HF Group entered into an IRS contract with Bank of America (the "BOA IRS") for an initial notional amount of $2.74 million in conjunction with a newly contracted mortgage term loan of corresponding amount. The term loan was contracted at USD 1-month LIBOR plus 2.15% per annum but was fixed at 4.25% per annum resulting from the corresponding BOA IRS contract. The term loan and corresponding BOA IRS contract matures in December, 2029.

On June 24, 2020, HF Group entered into a forward starting IRS contract with JP Morgan Chase Bank (the "JPM IRS") for a fixed $80 million notional amount, effective from June 30, 2021 and expiring on June 30, 2025, as a means to partially hedge its existing floating rate loans exposure. On March 3, 2021, the Company unwound the JPM IRS. The contract was unwound with a view that 1-month LIBOR will continue to remain low in the foreseeable future despite the spike at the long end of the yield curve. The Company recorded a gain of $718,600 in the first quarter of 2021.

The Company evaluated the above mentioned interest rate swap contracts currently in place and did not designate those as cash flow hedges. Hence, the fair value change on the aforementioned interest rate swap contracts are accounted for and recognized as change in fair value of interest rate swap contracts in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations.

As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company has determined that the fair value of the interest rate swap obligations was $393,479 and $993,516, respectively. In determining fair value, the Company utilizes valuation techniques that maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs to the extent possible as well as consider counterparty credit risk in its assessment of fair value. The interest rate swaps are classified as Level 3 liabilities and fair value was obtained from the respective counterparties.

NOTE 9 - LINE OF CREDIT
The JPM Credit Agreement provides for a $100 million asset-secured revolving credit facility maturing on November 4, 2022, with an option to renew at the bank’s discretion. The credit facility was collateralized by all assets of the Company and was also guaranteed by BRGR and BRGR Subsidiaries, which BRGR Subsidiaries were subsequently acquired by the Company on January 17, 2020 (See Note 6 for additional information). The JPM Credit Agreement was later superseded by a Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement ("Second Amended Credit Agreement") as described below.
On January 17, 2020, the Company, its wholly-owned subsidiary, B&R Global, and certain of the wholly-owned subsidiaries and affiliates of the Company as borrowers (collectively with the Company, the “Borrowers”), and certain material subsidiaries of the Company as guarantors, entered into the Second Amended Credit Agreement with JPMorgan, as Administrative Agent, and certain lender parties thereto, including Comerica Bank. The Second Amended Credit Agreement, provides for (i) a $100 million asset-secured revolving credit facility maturing on November 4, 2022 (the “Revolving Facility”), and (ii) mortgage-secured term loan of $75.6 million ("Term Loan").
The existing revolving credit facility balance of $41.2 million under the First Amended Credit Agreement, was rolled over to the Revolving Facility on January 17, 2020. On the same day, B&R Global utilized the $75.6 million Term Loan and additional $18.7 million drawdown from the Revolving Facility to fund in part the acquisition of 10 warehouse facilities owned by the selling BRGR Subsidiaries, which B&R Global had been leasing for its operations in California, Arizona, Utah, Colorado, Washington, and Montana. The Second Amended Credit Agreement contained certain financial covenants and as of June 30, 2021, the Company was in compliance with the covenants under the Second Amended Credit Agreement. The outstanding principal balance on the line of credit as of June 30, 2021 was $19.1 million.

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NOTE 10 - LONG-TERM DEBT
Long-term debt at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 is as follows:
Bank nameMaturityInterest rate as of June 30,
2021
As of June 30,
2021
As of December 31,
2020
Bank of America – (a)November 2021 - December 20293.73%5.51%$5,622,528 $5,905,472 
BMO Harris Bank N.A. – (b)April 2022 - January 20245.87%5.99%194,952 280,164 
East West Bank – (c)August 2027 - September 20293.83%4.25%6,704,883 6,802,271 
First Horizon Bank – (d)October 20273.85%4,673,127 4,773,378 
J.P. Morgan Chase – (e)February 2023 - January 20301.97%2.09%72,802,325 74,687,806 
Peoples United Bank – (b)December 2022 - January 20236.69%7.53%559,274 725,282 
Other finance institutions – (b)July 2022 - March 20243.90%6.14%389,476 475,689 
Total debt90,946,565 93,650,062 
Less: current portion(5,804,100)(5,641,259)
Long-term debt$85,142,465 $88,008,803 
The terms of the various loan agreements related to long-term bank borrowings require the Company to comply with certain financial covenants. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company was in compliance.
The loans outstanding were guaranteed by the following properties, entities or individuals, or otherwise secured as shown:
(a)Guaranteed by 2 subsidiaries of the Company, NSF and BB, and also secured by real property, equipment and fixtures, inventories, receivables and all other personal property owned by NSF. Balloon payment for this long-term debt is $1,382,046.
(b)Secured by vehicles.
(c)Guaranteed by 5 subsidiaries of the Company, Han Feng, TT, MFD, R&N Holdings and R&N Lexington, in part by one shareholder and spouse, and also secured by assets of Han Feng and R&N Lexington and R&N Holdings, 2 real properties of R&N Holdings, and a parcel of real property owned by R&N Lexington. Balloon payment of $2,293,751 is due in 2027 and another balloon payment of $3,007,239 is due in 2029.
(d)Guaranteed by one shareholder and spouse, as well as Han Feng. Also secured by a real property owned by HG Realty. Balloon payment for this debt is $3,116,687.
(e)Real estate term loan with a principal balance of $71,264,205 as of June 30, 2021 is secured by assets held by nine subsidiaries of the Company, AK, BRR, BSR, FL, GSR, HP, LF, LR, and MP.  Equipment term loan with a principal balance of $1,538,120 as of June 30, 2021 is secured by specific vehicles and equipment as defined in loan agreements.

The future maturities of long-term debt as of June 30, 2021 are as follows: 
Twelve months ending June 30,Amount
2022$5,804,100 
20235,157,805 
20244,177,128 
20254,032,473 
20264,069,472 
Thereafter67,705,587 
Total$90,946,565 

NOTE 11 - LEASES
The Company leases office space, warehouses and vacant land for building development under non-cancelable operating leases, with terms typically ranging from one to thirty years, as well as operating and finance leases for vehicles and delivery trucks,
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forklifts and computer equipment with various expiration dates through 2050. The Company determines whether an arrangement is or includes an embedded lease at contract inception.
Operating lease assets and lease liabilities are recognized at commencement date and initially measured based on the present value of lease payments over the defined lease term. Lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. For finance leases, the Company also recognizes finance lease assets and finance lease liabilities at inception, with lease expense recognized as interest expense and amortization of the lease payment.
Operating Leases
The components of lease expense were as follows:
For the Three Months EndedFor the Six Months Ended
June 30,
2021
June 30,
2020
June 30,
2021
June 30,
2020
Operating lease cost$513,066$253,820$1,085,201$756,877
Weighted Average Remaining Lease Term (Months)
Operating leases3023430234
Weighted Average Discount Rate
Operating leases2.17 %4.10 %2.17 %4.10 %
Finance Leases
The components of lease expense were as follows:
For the Three Months EndedFor the Six Months Ended
June 30,
2021
June 30,
2020
June 30,
2021
June 30,
2020
Finance leases cost:
Amortization of right-of-use assets$80,984 $139,687 $168,160 $279,373 
Interest on lease liabilities16,718 23,218 37,343 51,120 
Total finance leases cost$97,702 $162,905 $205,503 $330,493 
Supplemental cash flow information related to finance leases was as follows:
For the Three Months EndedFor the Six Months Ended
June 30,
2021
June 30,
2020
June 30,
2021
June 30,
2020
Operating cash flows from finance leases$16,718 $23,218 $37,343 $51,120 
Supplemental balance sheet information related to leases was as follows:
June 30,
2021
December 31,
2020
Finance Leases
Property and equipment, at cost$2,793,731$2,793,731
Accumulated depreciation(1,999,478)(1,831,318)
Property and equipment, net$794,253$962,413
Weighted Average Remaining Lease Term (Months)
Finance leases3843
Weighted Average Discount Rate
Finance leases7.59 %7.56 %
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Maturities of lease liabilities were as follows:
Twelve months ending June 30,Operating
Leases
Finance
Leases
2022$1,011,964 $336,501 
20231,139,353 322,569 
2024964,309 274,426 
2025987,997 96,496 
2026791,576 
Thereafter17,396,355 
Total Lease Payments22,291,554 1,029,992 
Less Imputed Interest(5,750,563)(126,570)
Total$16,540,991 $903,422 
On July 2, 2018, AnHeart Inc. ("AnHeart"), a former wholly-owned subsidiary of HF Holding, entered into 2 separate leases for 2 properties located in Manhattan, New York, at 273 Fifth Avenue and 275 Fifth Avenue, for 30 years and 15 years, respectively. The leases were on a triple net basis, meaning AnHeart is required to pay all costs associated with the properties, including taxes, insurance, utilities, maintenance and repairs. HF Holding provided a corporate guaranty for all rent and related costs of the leases, including costs associated with the planned construction of a two-story structure at 273 Fifth Avenue and rehabilitation of the building at 275 Fifth Avenue. The Company entered into the leases with the planned purpose of expanding its product lines to include Chinese herb supplements, and to use the sites to develop into a hub for such products. The Company has since determined to cease this business expansion in early 2019.
On February 23, 2019, HF Holding executed an agreement to divest all of its ownership interest in AnHeart to Ms. Jianping An, a resident of New York, for the sum of $20,000. The transfer of ownership was completed on May 2, 2019. However, the divestment does not release HF Holding’s guaranty of AnHeart’s obligations or liabilities under the original lease agreements. Under the terms of the sale of AnHeart stock to Ms. An, and in consideration of the Company’s ongoing guaranty of AnHeart’s performance of the lease obligations, AnHeart granted to the Company a security interest in all AnHeart assets, together with a covenant that the Company will be assigned the leases, to be exercised if AnHeart defaults on the original lease agreements. Further, Ms. An has tendered an unconditional guaranty of all AnHeart liabilities arising from the leases, in favor of the Company, executed by Minsheng Pharmaceutical Group Company, Ltd., a Chinese manufacturer and distributor of herbal medicines.
On February 10, 2021, 273 Co, a newly established Delaware limited liability company and wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, entered into an Assignment and Assumption of Lease Agreement (“Assignment”), dated effective as of January 21, 2021, with AnHeart and Premier 273 Fifth, LLC ("Landlord"), pursuant to which it has assumed the lease of the premises at 273 Fifth Avenue, New York, New York signed on July 2, 2018 (the “273 Lease Agreement”). At the same time, the closing documents were delivered to effectuate the amendment of the 273 Lease Agreement pursuant to an Amendment to Lease (the “Lease Amendment”). The Assignment and the 273 Lease Amendment were negotiated pursuant to guarantee obligations of the Company’s wholly owned subsidiary, HF Holding as guarantor under the Lease Agreement. 273 Co has agreed to observe all the covenants and conditions of the Lease Agreement, as amended, including the payment of all rents due. Under the terms of the Lease Agreement and the Assignment, 273 Co has undertaken to construct, at Company’s expense, a building on the premises, at a minimum cost of $2,500,000. The 273 Lease Agreement and the Lease Amendment provide for a term of 30 years, with option to renew for 10 additional years, at an annual rent starting at $325,000 and escalating annually throughout the term, with the annual rent in the final year of the initial term of $1,047,974. The 273 Lease Amendment further granted certain rent abatement to the premises for 2020 and 2021, including a 20% reduction of annual rent in 2021 subject to meeting certain conditions. The Lease Amendment permits subletting of the premises.

NOTE 12 - SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION
Supplemental cash flow disclosures and noncash investing and financing activities are as follows:
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For the Six Months Ended
June 30,
2021
June 30,
2020
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow data
Cash paid for interest$1,477,788 $2,321,727 
Cash paid for income taxes$1,897,940 $145,905 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities
Right of use assets obtained in exchange for operating lease liabilities$15,930,393 $
Property and equipment purchases from notes payable$257,450 $2,528,554 
Issuance of promissory note for the acquisition of B&R Realty Subsidiaries$$7,000,000 

NOTE 13 - TAXES
Corporate Income Taxes (“CIT”)
On December 22, 2017, the U.S. enacted the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Act”), which significantly changed U.S. tax law. The Act lowered the Company’s U.S. statutory federal income tax rate from 35% to 21% effective January 1, 2018, while also imposing a deemed repatriation tax on deferred foreign income. The Act also created a new minimum tax on certain future foreign earnings. The Company does not expect the repatriation tax and new minimum tax on certain future foreign earnings to have any impact on the Company’s operations since it currently has no foreign income and does not expect to generate any foreign income in the future.
(i)The provision for income taxes of the Company for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 consists of the following:
For the Three Months EndedFor the Six Months Ended
June 30,
2021
June 30,
2020
June 30,
2021
June 30,
2020
Current income taxes:
Federal$1,886,083 $40,618 $2,849,943 $400,218 
State217,479 35,646 439,760 125,306 
Current income taxes2,103,562 76,264 3,289,703 525,524 
Deferred income taxes (benefit):
Federal(837,524)(1,195,341)(1,262,732)(1,918,683)
State111,060 (370,228)(42,666)(578,357)
Deferred income taxes (benefit)(726,464)(1,565,569)(1,305,398)(2,497,040)
Total provision (benefit) for income taxes$1,377,098 $(1,489,305)$1,984,305 $(1,971,516)
(ii)Temporary differences and carryforwards of the Company that created significant deferred tax assets and liabilities are as follows:
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As of June 30,
2021
As of December 31,
2020
Deferred tax assets:
     Allowance for doubtful accounts$390,349 $443,151 
     Inventories613,247 481,016 
     Federal net operating loss38,893 101,828 
     State net operating loss11,030 257,490 
     Fair value change in interest rate swap contracts70,875 244,622 
     Accrued expenses294,217 268,813 
Total deferred tax assets1,418,611 1,796,920 
Deferred tax liabilities:
     Property and equipment(2,383,623)(2,660,874)
     Intangibles assets(43,901,883)(45,461,272)
     Right of Use Asset(152,934)
Total deferred tax liabilities(46,438,440)(48,122,146)
Net deferred tax liabilities$(45,019,829)$(46,325,226)
The net deferred tax liabilities presented in the Company's unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets are as follows:
As of June 30,
2021
As of December 31,
2020
Deferred tax assets$59,079 $57,478 
Deferred tax liabilities(45,078,908)(46,382,704)
Net deferred tax liabilities$(45,019,829)$(46,325,226)
(iii)Reconciliations of the statutory income tax rate to the effective income tax rate are as follows:
For the Six Months Ended
June 30,
2021
June 30,
2020
Federal statutory tax rate21.0 %21.0 %
State statutory tax rate4.3 %0.1 %
Impact of goodwill impairment loss - permanent difference%(20.5)%
U.S. permanent difference1.1 %%
Others0.7 %%
Effective tax rate27.1 %0.6 %

NOTE 14 - RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
The Company makes regular purchases from and sales to various related parties. Related party affiliations were attributed to transactions conducted between the Company and those business entities partially or wholly owned by the Company, the Company officers and/or major shareholders.
Certain related party transactions described in this note are among the issues that are being scrutinized as part of an ongoing internal investigation, and disclosures concerning particular transactions are subject to the outcome of, and conclusions that may ultimately be reached in, this ongoing investigation. Mr. Zhou Min Ni ("Mr. Ni") and Mr. Xiao Mou Zhang ("Mr. Zhang") were the Co-Chief Executive Officers as of December 31, 2020. Mr. Ni resigned from all of his official posts on February 23, 2021. Upon resignation, Mr. Ni directly owned 10.7% of outstanding shares of common stock of the Company. Mr. Zhang became the sole Chief Executive Officer on February 23, 2021. Mr. Ni and his immediate family members are treated as related parties for purposes of this report because Mr. Ni is a holder of more than 10% of the Company's securities.
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The Company had recently evaluated Mr. Zhang's ownership interest and his relationship with certain entities that were previously classified as related parties in prior financial statements. The Company noted that 4 entities with ownership ranging from 5.0% to 10% and are mainly restaurants, were deemed to be non related party in nature. The Company noted that Mr. Zhang or his family members do not manage or participate in daily operations and holds no influence over those entities. Hence, the Company concluded that those entities do not fall under the definition of related party and were excluded from the classification accordingly.
The Company also determined that its 12% ownership in PT. Tamron Akuatik Produk Industri ("Tamron"), accounted for using alternative measurement under ASC 321, did not meet the definition of related party due to the fact that the Company does not participate in Tamron's daily operations and holds no influence over it.
Further, the Company evaluated Mr. Ni's ownership interest and his relationship with certain entities that were previously classified as related parties in prior financial statement. The Company noted that 2 entities that were previously owned by Mr. Ni, 37.67% and 100% respectively, were no longer deemed to be related party in nature. The Company noted Mr. Ni had disposed off the equity interest on January 1, 2020 and September 29, 2020, respectively. Mr. Ni or his family members do not manage or participate in daily operations and holds no influence over those entities after the disposal. Hence, the Company concluded that those entities do not fall under the definition of related party anymore, and were excluded from the classification accordingly.
As a result of the Company's evaluation described above, certain related party transactions and balances for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020, and as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 were reclassified and removed from related party disclosure to conform to current reporting period's presentation. Other than the reclassification, there are no financial impact to the prior financial statements.
The related party transactions as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 and for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 are identified as follows:
Related Party Sales and Purchases Transactions
The Company makes regular sales to and purchases from various related parties.
a.Purchase - related parties
Below is a summary of purchases of goods and services from related parties recorded for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively:
Name of Related PartyThree Months Ended
June 30, 2021
Three Months Ended
June 30, 2020
(a)Best Food Services, LLC$2,353,900 $873,122 
(b)Eastern Fresh NJ, LLC1,473,617 445,572 
(c)Fujian RongFeng Plastic Co., Ltd790,212 824,602 
(d)Hanfeng (Fujian) Information Technology Co., Ltd.313,187 
(e)Ocean Pacific Seafood Group, Inc.207,847 52,143 
(f)Revolution Industry, LLC541,910 
(g)Union Food, LLC162,816 
Others70,43665,281
Total$4,896,012 $3,278,633 
(a)Mr. Zhang previously owned 10.38% equity interest in this entity indirectly through its parent company as of October 31, 2020. The equity interest was transferred to 3 Irrevocable Trusts for the benefits of Mr. Zhang's children with immediate effect on November 1, 2020.
(b)Mr. Ni owns 30% equity interest in this entity.
(c)Mr. Ni owns 40% equity interest in this entity indirectly through its parent company.
(d)Mr. Ni previously owned 100% equity interest in this entity. Mr Ni disposed off the ownership and ended his legal representation of this entity on September 29, 2020.
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(e)Mr. Ni owns 26% equity interest in this entity.
(f)Raymond Ni, one of Mr. Ni’s family members, owns 100% equity interest in this entity. On February 25, 2021, Han Feng executed an asset purchase agreement to acquire the machinery and equipment from Revolution Industry, LLC ("RIL"). Han Feng has acquired substantially all of the operating assets used or held for use in such business operation for an amount of $250,000 plus the original wholesale purchase value of all verified, useable cabbage and egg roll mix inventory of RIL. Advances due from RIL at the time of transaction were an offset to the purchase payment made to RIL. Going forward, Han Feng has taken the egg roll production business in house and ceased its vendor relationship with RIL.
(g)Tina Ni, one of Mr. Ni’s family members, owns 30% equity interest in this entity. Anthony Zhang, one of Mr. Xiao Mou Zhang's family member, owns 10% of equity interest in this entity.
Below is a summary of purchase from related parties for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively:
Name of Related PartySix Months Ended June 30, 2021Six Months Ended June 30, 2020
(a)Allstate Trading Company, Inc.$$284,968 
(b)Best Food Services, LLC3,487,139 2,972,685 
(c)Eastern Fresh NJ, LLC2,968,663 2,055,177 
(d)Enson Group, Inc. (formerly "Enson Group, LLC")127,577 
(e)First Choice Seafood, Inc.159,752 336,739 
(f)Fujian RongFeng Plastic Co., Ltd1,590,129 1,844,955 
(g)Hanfeng (Fujian) Information Technology Co., Ltd.1,025,212 
(h)N&F Logistics, Inc.2,646 368,529 
(i)Ocean Pacific Seafood Group, Inc.338,426 233,175 
(j)Revolution Industry, LLC189,701 1,045,702 
(k)UGO USA, Inc.212,384 220,740 
(l)Union Foods, LLC1,246,720 
Others160,966 88,345 
Total$9,237,383 $11,722,947 
(a)Mr. Ni owns 40% equity interest in this entity.
(b)Mr. Zhang previously owned 10.38% equity interest in this entity indirectly through its parent company as of October 31, 2020. The equity interest was transferred to 3 Irrevocable Trusts for the benefits of Mr. Zhang's children with immediate effect on November 1, 2020.
(c)Mr. Ni owns 30% equity interest in this entity.
(d)Mr. Ni owns 25% equity interest in this entity.
(e)Mr. Ni owns 25% equity interest in this entity indirectly through its parent company.
(f)Mr. Ni owns 40% equity interest in this entity indirectly through its parent company.
(g)Mr. Ni previously owned 100% equity interest in this entity. Mr Ni disposed off the ownership and ended his legal representation of this entity on September 29, 2020.
(h)Mr. Ni owns 25% equity interest in this entity.
(i)Mr. Ni owns 26% equity interest in this entity.
(j)Raymond Ni, one of Mr. Ni’s family members, owns 100% equity interest in this entity. On February 25, 2021, Han Feng executed an asset purchase agreement to acquire the machinery and equipment from Revolution Industry, LLC ("RIL"). Han Feng has acquired substantially all of the operating assets used or held for use in such business operation for an amount of $250,000 plus the original wholesale purchase value of all verified, useable cabbage and egg roll mix inventory of RIL. Advances due from RIL at the time of transaction were an offset to the purchase payment made to RIL. Going forward, Han Feng has taken the egg roll production business in house and ceased its vendor relationship with RIL.
(k)Mr. Ni owns 30% equity interest in this entity.
(l)Tina Ni, one of Mr. Ni’s family members, owns 30% equity interest in this entity. Anthony Zhang, one of Mr. Xiao Mou Zhang's family member, owns 10% of equity interest in this entity.

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b. Sales - related parties
Below is a summary of sales to related parties recorded for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively:
Name of Related PartyThree Months Ended
June 30, 2021
Three Months Ended
June 30, 2020
(a)ABC Food Trading, LLC$506,306 $169,145 
(b)Asahi Food, Inc.223,377103,385
(c)Best Food Services, LLC327,11314,414
(d)Eagle Food Service, LLC1,067,346878,396
(e)Eastern Fresh NJ, LLC76,145507,821
(f)Enson Group, Inc. (formerly "Enson Group, LLC")26,601123,820
(g)Enson Seafood GA, Inc. (formerly “GA-GW Seafood, Inc.”)553,9850
(h)First Choice Seafood, Inc.7,6151,145,984
(i)Heng Feng Food Services, Inc.64,878155,705
(j)N&F Logistics, Inc.160,466172,216
Others71,875183,519
Total$3,085,707 $3,454,405 

(a)Mr. Zhang previously owned 10.38% equity interest in this entity indirectly through its parent company as of October 31, 2020. The equity interest was transferred to 3 Irrevocable Trusts for the benefits of Mr. Zhang's children with immediate effect on November 1, 2020.
(b)The Company, through its subsidiary MF, owns 49% equity interest in this entity.
(c)Mr. Zhang previously owned 10.38% equity interest in this entity indirectly through its parent company as of October 31, 2020. The equity interest was transferred to 3 Irrevocable Trusts for the benefits of Mr. Zhang's children with immediate effect on November 1, 2020.
(d)Tina Ni, one of Mr. Ni’s family members, owns 26.5% equity interest in this entity indirectly through its parent company.
(e)Mr. Ni owns 30% equity interest in this entity.
(f)Mr. Ni owns 25% equity interest in this entity.
(g)Mr. Ni owns 50% equity interest in this entity.
(h)Mr. Ni owns 25% equity interest in this entity indirectly through its parent company.
(i)Mr. Ni owns 45% equity interest in this entity.
(j)Mr. Ni owns 25% equity interest in this entity.

Below is a summary of sales to related parties recorded for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively:
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Name of Related PartySix Months Ended June 30, 2021Six Months Ended June 30, 2020
(a)ABC Food Trading, LLC$1,220,212 $1,048,298 
(b)Asahi Food, Inc.341,133221,190
(c)Best Food Services, LLC400,792180,689
(d)Eagle Food Service, LLC2,076,0212,437,025
(e)Eastern Fresh NJ, LLC99,3381,449,294
(f)Enson Group, Inc. (formerly "Enson Group, LLC")53,113272,752
(g)Enson Seafood GA, Inc. (formerly “GA-GW Seafood, Inc.”)554,94940,216
(h)First Choice Seafood, Inc.82,1441,378,208
(i)Heng Feng Food Services, Inc.104,854527,186
(j)N&F Logistics, Inc.367,133553,242
Others176,479440,401
Total$5,476,168 $8,548,501 

(a)Mr. Zhang previously owned 10.38% equity interest in this entity indirectly through its parent company as of October 31, 2020. The equity interest was transferred to 3 Irrevocable Trusts for the benefits of Mr. Zhang's children with immediate effect on November 1, 2020.
(b)The Company, through its subsidiary MF, owns 49% equity interest in this entity.
(c)Mr. Zhang previously owned 10.38% equity interest in this entity indirectly through its parent company as of October 31, 2020. The equity interest was transferred to 3 Irrevocable Trusts for the benefits of Mr. Zhang's children with immediate effect on November 1, 2020.
(d)Tina Ni, one of Mr. Ni’s family members, owns 26.5% equity interest in this entity indirectly through its parent company.
(e)Mr. Ni owns 30% equity interest in this entity.
(f)Mr. Ni owns 25% equity interest in this entity.
(g)Mr. Ni owns 50% equity interest in this entity.
(h)Mr. Ni owns 25% equity interest in this entity indirectly through its parent company.
(i)Mr. Ni owns 45% equity interest in this entity.
(j)Mr. Ni owns 25% equity interest in this entity.
c. Lease Agreements - Related Parties
The Company leases various facilities to related parties.
R&N Holdings leased a facility to UGO USA Inc. under an operating lease agreement which was mutually terminated by both parties effective April 1, 2021. Rental income for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 was NaN and $10,500, respectively, and the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 was $7,000 and $21,000, respectively.
HG Realty leases a warehouse to Enson Seafood GA Inc. (formerly “GA-GW Seafood, Inc.”) under an operating lease agreement expiring on September 21, 2027. Rental income for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 was $120,000 and $120,000, respectively, and the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 was $240,000 and $240,000, respectively.
B&R Global leased warehouses from related parties owned by the majority shareholder of B&R Global prior to the Realty Acquisition on January 17, 2020. Rent incurred to the related parties from January 1, 2020 to January 16, 2020 was $187,750.
In 2020, Kirnland renewed a warehouse lease from Yoan Chang Trading Inc. ("Yoan") under an operating lease agreement expiring on December 31, 2020. In February 2021, Kirnland executed a new 5-year operating lease agreement with Yoan effective January 1, 2021 and expiring on December 31, 2025. Rent incurred to the related party was $77,428 and $30,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $154,856 and $60,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Related Party Balances
a.Accounts receivable - related parties, net
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Below is a summary of accounts receivable with related parties recorded as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively:
Name of Related PartyAs of June 30,
2021
As of December 31,
2020
(a)ABC Food Trading, LLC$137,063 $18,816 
(b)Asahi Food, Inc.144,363 68,766 
(c)Best Food Services, LLC250,153 1,250 
(d)Eagle Food Service, LLC478,097 697,538 
(e)Eastern Fresh NJ, LLC102,442 
(f)Enson Seafood GA, Inc. (formerly “GA-GW Seafood, Inc.”)567,950 325,596 
(g)Fortune One Foods, Inc.86,150 36,250 
(h)Heng Feng Food Services, Inc.64,878 
(i)N&F Logistics, Inc.61,940 113,247 
Others28,3790
Total$1,921,415 $1,261,463 

(a)Mr. Zhang previously owned 10.38% equity interest in this entity indirectly through its parent company as of October 31, 2020. The equity interest was transferred to 3 Irrevocable Trusts for the benefits of Mr. Zhang's children with immediate effect on November 1, 2020.
(b)The Company, through its subsidiary MF, owns 49% equity interest in this entity.
(c)Mr. Zhang previously owned 10.38% equity interest in this entity indirectly through its parent company as of October 31, 2020. The equity interest was transferred to 3 Irrevocable Trusts for the benefits of Mr. Zhang's children with immediate effect on November 1, 2020.
(d)Tina Ni, one of Mr. Ni’s family members, owns 26.5% equity interest in this entity indirectly through its parent company.
(e)Mr. Ni owns 30% equity interest in this entity.
(f)Mr. Ni owns 50% equity interest in this entity.
(g)Mr. Ni owns 17.5% equity interest in this entity indirectly through its parent company.
(h)Mr. Ni owns 45% equity interest in this entity.
(i)Mr. Ni owns 25% equity interest in this entity.
All accounts receivable from these related parties are current and considered fully collectible. No allowance is deemed necessary as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
b. Accounts payable - related parties, net
All the accounts payable to related parties are payable upon demand without interest. Below is a summary of accounts payable with related parties recorded as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively:
Name of Related PartyAs of June 30,
2021
As of December 31,
2020
(a)Best Food Services, LLC$479,757 $588,920 
(b)Eastern Fresh NJ, LLC464,106427,795
(c)Enson Group, Inc. (formerly "Enson Group, LLC")75,79425,368
(d)Fujian RongFeng Plastic Co., Ltd767,59369,429
(e)Hanfeng Information Technology (Jinhua), Inc.0107,258
(f)Heng Feng Food Services, Inc.0116,436
(g)UGO USA, Inc.0211,003
Others169,37926,218
Total$1,956,629 $1,572,427 

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(a)Mr. Zhang previously owned 10.38% equity interest in this entity indirectly through its parent company as of October 31, 2020. The equity interest was transferred to 3 Irrevocable Trusts for the benefits of Mr. Zhang's children with immediate effect on November 1, 2020.
(b)Mr. Ni owns 30% equity interest in this entity.
(c)Mr. Ni owns 25% equity interest in this entity.
(d)Mr. Ni owns 40% equity interest in this entity indirectly through its parent company.
(e)Mr. Ni owns 37% equity interest in this entity.
(f)Mr. Ni owns 45% equity interest in this entity.
(g)Mr. Ni owns 30% equity interest in this entity.
c. Advances to suppliers - related parties, net
The Company periodically provides purchase advances to various vendors, including the related party suppliers.
Below is a summary of advances to related party suppliers recorded as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively:
Name of Related PartyAs of June 30,
2021
As of December 31,
2020
(a)Ocean Pacific Seafood Group, Inc.$$7,101 
(b)Revolution Industry, LLC189,702 
Total$$196,803 

(a)Mr. Ni owns 26% equity interest in this entity.
(b)Raymond Ni, one of Mr. Ni’s family members, owns 100% equity interest in this entity. On February 25, 2021, Han Feng executed an asset purchase agreement to acquire the machinery and equipment from Revolution Industry, LLC ("RIL"). Han Feng has acquired substantially all of the operating assets used or held for use in such business operation for an amount of $250,000 plus the original wholesale purchase value of all verified, useable cabbage and egg roll mix inventory of RIL. Advances due from Revolution at the time of transaction were an offset to the purchase payment made to RIL. Going forward, Han Feng has taken the egg roll production business in house and ceased its vendor relationship with RIL.
d.Promissory note payable - related party
B&R Global issued a $7.0 million Unsecured Subordinated Promissory Note to BRGR in January 2020 as part of the payment for the acquisition of BRGR (Refer to Note 6). The note bears an interest rate of 6% per annum that matures in January 2030. At June 30, 2021, outstanding balance was $5.5 million and accrued interest payable was NaN.
NOTE 15 - SEGMENT REPORTING
ASC 280, Segment Reporting establishes standards for reporting information about operating segments on a basis consistent with the Company’s internal organizational structure as well as information about geographical areas, business segments and major customers in financial statements for details on the Company’s business segments. The Company uses the “management approach” in determining reportable operating segments. The management approach considers the internal organization and reporting used by the Company’s operating decision makers for making operational decisions and assessing performance as the source for determining the Company’s reportable segments. Management, including the operating decision makers, review operation results by the revenue of different customers.
On February 23, 2021, former co-CEO Zhou Min Ni resigned and Xiao Mou Zhang assumed the role of sole CEO. As a result, the Company reassessed its performance evaluation process and determined 2 relevant reporting segments - sales to independent restaurants and wholesale. Frequency, volume and profit margins are uniquely different between the 2 reporting segments. Segment reporting for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 were re-presented below.
All the Company's revenue was generated from its business operation in the U.S.
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The following table presents net sales by segment for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively:
For the Three Months EndedFor the Six Months Ended
June 30, 2021June 30, 2020June 30, 2021June 30, 2020
Net revenue
Sales to independent restaurants$187,516,460 $98,620,662 $340,557,245 $265,892,978 
Wholesale6,029,776 5,939,434 12,370,819 14,470,454 
Total$193,546,236 $104,560,096 $352,928,064 $280,363,432 
For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2021
Sales to Independent RestaurantsWholesaleTotal
Revenue$187,516,460 $6,029,776 $193,546,236 
Cost of revenue$152,284,008 $6,127,924 $158,411,932 
Gross profit (loss)$35,232,452 $(98,148)$35,134,304 
Depreciation and amortization$4,126,735 $132,699 $4,259,434 
Cash capital expenditures$208,614 $6,880 $215,494 
For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2020
Sales to Independent RestaurantsWholesaleTotal
Revenue$98,620,662 $5,939,434 $104,560,096 
Cost of revenue$78,415,142 $5,532,170 $83,947,312 
Gross profit$20,205,520 $407,264 $20,612,784 
Depreciation and amortization$4,089,634 $246,298 $4,335,932 
Cash capital expenditures$46,652 $3,060 $49,712 

For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2021
Sales to Independent RestaurantsWholesaleTotal
Revenue$340,557,245 $12,370,819 $352,928,064 
Cost of revenue$276,225,791 $12,138,378 $288,364,169 
Gross profit$64,331,454 $232,441 $64,563,895 
Depreciation and amortization$8,257,595 $299,959 $8,557,554 
Cash capital expenditures$640,404 $23,263 $663,667 
For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2020
Sales to Independent RestaurantsWholesaleTotal
Revenue$265,892,978 $14,470,454 $280,363,432 
Cost of revenue$217,144,426 $13,631,177 $230,775,603 
Gross profit$48,748,552 $839,277 $49,587,829 
Depreciation and amortization$8,260,460 $449,552 $8,710,012 
Cash capital expenditures$199,127 $10,837 $209,964 

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The following table presents total assets by reportable segment as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively:
As of June 30,
2021
As of December 31,
2020
Total assets:
Sales to independent restaurants$491,418,936 $456,775,742 
Wholesale15,802,059 27,509,341 
Total Assets$507,220,995 $484,285,083 
All of the Company’s long-lived assets are located in the US.
NOTE 16 - COMMITMENT AND CONTINGENCIES
From time to time, the Company is a party to various lawsuits, claims and other legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of business. When the Company becomes aware of a claim or potential claim, it assesses the likelihood of any loss or exposure. In accordance with authoritative guidance, the Company records loss contingencies in its financial statements only for matters in which losses are probable and can be reasonably estimated. Where a range of loss can be reasonably estimated with no best estimate in the range, the Company records the minimum estimated liability. If the loss is not probable or the amount of the loss cannot be reasonably estimated, the Company discloses the nature of the specific claim if the likelihood of a potential loss is reasonably possible and the amount involved is material. The Company continuously assesses the potential liability related to the Company’s pending litigation and revises its estimates when additional information becomes available. With respect to our outstanding legal matters, we believe that the amount or estimable range of reasonably possible loss will not, either individually or in the aggregate, have a material adverse effect on our business, consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. However, the outcome of litigation is inherently uncertain. Therefore, if one or more of these ordinary-course legal matters were resolved against us for amounts in excess of management's expectations, our results of operations and financial condition, including in a particular reporting period, could be materially adversely affected.
As previously disclosed, an analyst report published in March 2020 suggested certain improprieties in the Company’s operations, many of which later became the subject of allegations in 2 putative class actions and 2 derivative actions that were filed on or after March 29, 2020 against the Company, the Company's then current directors, and/or certain of the Company’s then current officers, alleging violation of securities laws or breach of fiduciary duties in connection with claims that the Company failed to disclose in public statements that the Company engaged in certain related party transactions, that insiders and related parties were enriching themselves by misusing shareholder funds, and that the Company masked the true number of free-floating shares (the “Class Actions”). The Company intends to continue to vigorously defend these lawsuits. These cases now are all pending in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California. A motion to dismiss the amended securities fraud complaint was filed on January 19, 2021, which is pending. The derivative actions are stayed pending the outcome of that motion to dismiss. In response to the analyst report, the Company's Board of Directors appointed a Special Committee of Independent Directors to conduct an internal independent investigation with the assistance of counsel (“Special Committee”).

In addition, the SEC initiated a formal, non-public investigation of the Company, and the SEC informally requested, and later issued a subpoena for, documents and other information. The subpoena relates to but is not necessarily limited to the matters identified in the Class Actions. The Special Committee and the Company are cooperating with the SEC. The SEC and the Special Committee investigations are ongoing. There have been no changes to the status of these proceedings as described in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020.

While the Special Committee has reached no final conclusions in conjunction with its investigation, it has made a number of recommendations to management regarding improvements to Company operations and structure, including but not limited to its dealings with related parties.

The Company has also instituted structural changes including the retirement of the former Co-Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board. The Company now has an independent Chairman of the Board. In addition, the Company recently hired an in-house General Counsel and Chief Compliance Officer, who will report to the Chief Executive Officer and the Chairman of the Board. (See Note 17, Subsequent Events)

NOTE 17 - SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
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The Company evaluated subsequent events through August 9, 2021, which is the date the financial statements were available to be issued.
On August 2, 2021, the Company appointed Ms. Christine Chang to become the General Counsel and Chief Compliance Officer of the Company, effective as of September 8, 2021.

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CAUTIONARY NOTE ABOUT FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for HF Foods Group Inc. (“HF Foods,” “HF Group,” the “Company,” “we,” “us,” or “our”) contains forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include statements about our expectations, beliefs, plans, objectives, intentions, assumptions and other statements that are not historical facts. Words or phrases such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “ongoing,” “plan,” “potential,” “predict,” “project,” “will” or similar words or phrases, or the negatives of those words or phrases, may identify forward-looking statements, but the absence of these words does not necessarily mean that a statement is not forward-looking. We derive many of our forward-looking statements from our operating budgets and forecasts, which are based on many detailed assumptions. While we believe that our assumptions are reasonable, we caution that it is very difficult to predict the impact of known factors, and it is impossible for us to anticipate all factors that could affect our actual results. All forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from those that we expected. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from our expectations, or cautionary statements, include without limitation:
Unfavorable macroeconomic conditions in the United States;
Competition in the food service distribution industry, particularly the entry of new competitors into the Chinese/Asian restaurant supply market niche;
Increases in fuel costs;
Increases in commodity prices;
Disruption of relationships with vendors and increases in product prices;
U.S. government tariffs on products imported into the United States, particularly from China;
Changes in consumer eating and dining out habits;
Disruption of relationships with or loss of customers;
Failure to retain our senior management and other key personnel, particularly Xiao Mou Zhang and Kong Hian Lee;
Our ability to attract, train and retain employees;
Changes in and enforcement of immigration laws;
Failure to comply with various federal, state and local rules and regulations regarding food safety, sanitation, transportation, minimum wage, overtime and other health and safety laws;
Product recalls, voluntary recalls or withdrawals if any of the products we distribute are alleged to have caused illness, been mislabeled, misbranded or adulterated or to otherwise have violated applicable government regulations;
Failure to protect our intellectual property rights;
Any cyber security incident, other technology disruption or delay in implementing our information technology systems;
The development of an active trading market for our common stock;
Failure to acquire other distributors or wholesalers and enlarge our customer base could negatively impact our results of operations and financial condition;
Scarcity of and competition for acquisition opportunities;
Our ability to obtain acquisition financing;
The impact of non-cash charges relating to the amortization of intangible assets related to material acquisitions;
Our ability to identify acquisition candidates;
Increases in debt in order to successfully implement our acquisition strategy;
The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic;
Difficulties in integrating operations, personnel, and assets of acquired businesses that may disrupt our business, dilute stockholder value, and adversely affect our operating results; and
Other factors discussed in “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020.
All written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us, or persons acting on our behalf, are expressly qualified in their entirety by these cautionary statements as well as other cautionary statements that are made from time to time in our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") and public communications. We caution you that the important factors referenced above may not contain all of the factors that are important to you. In addition, we cannot assure you that we will realize the results or developments we expect or anticipate or, even if substantially realized, that they will result in the consequences or affect us or our operations in the way we expect. The forward-looking statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are made only as of the date hereof. Except as otherwise required by law, we undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.


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ITEM 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations of HF Foods Group Inc.
This discussion should be read in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this report. The following discussion contains forward-looking statements that involve numerous risks and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from the forward-looking statements as a result of these risks and uncertainties. See “Cautionary Note About Forward-Looking Statements” for additional cautionary information.
Company Background and Overview
The Company markets and distributes Asian specialty food products, fresh produce, frozen and dry food, and non-food products to primarily Asian restaurants and other food service customers throughout the Southeast, Pacific and Mountain West regions of the United States. The Company is the result of a successful merger between two complementary market leaders, HF Holding and B&R Global on November 4, 2019.
Financial Overview
Our net revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2021 was $352.9 million, an increase of $72.5 million, or 25.9%, from $280.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020. Net income attributable to stockholders for the six months ended June 30, 2021 was $5.1 million, an increase of $348.6 million, or 101.5%, compared to net loss of $343.9 million attributable to stockholders for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The net loss for the six months ended June 30, 2020 was mainly due to a significant goodwill impairment of $338.2 million taken in first quarter of 2020 (see Note 7 to our financial statements for additional information) as well as sharp declines in sales prompted by the severe impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Adjusted EBITDA for the six months ended June 30, 2021 was $20.8 million, an increase of $13.0 million, or 167.9%, from $7.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020. For additional information on Adjusted EBITDA, see the section entitled “MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS— Adjusted EBITDA” below.
COVID-19 Impact
In March 2020, due to the COVID-19 outbreak, almost all states across the country had issued some form of stay-at-home orders. As such, the operations of our restaurant customers were severely disrupted due to the “cliff-like” decline in consumer demand for food away from home. The government mandates forced many of our restaurant customers to temporarily close or convert to take-out or delivery-only operations. As a result, there was a significant decline in net sales beginning from the last two weeks of March 2020 through June 2020, negatively impacting our overall financial results in the first and second quarter ended March 31, 2020 and June 30, 2020.
In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, beginning in late March 2020, we swiftly pivoted our business strategy and cost structure to reduce operating costs, strengthen our liquidity position, and secure new revenue sources. Some of the notable actions included:
actively managed our variable costs to better align with prevailing sales volumes by instituting temporary furloughs, reducing our delivery schedules and temporarily shutting down the operation of several distribution centers, resulting in approximately 40% overall cost reduction since April 2020 as compared to pre-COVID-19 levels; Pre-COVID level of revenue is based on the proforma revenue for the same period in 2019.
improved working capital by focusing on receivables collection efforts while working with our vendors on temporarily extended terms;
suspended capital expenditures and limiting maintenance and information technology projects;
developed our proprietary e-commerce platform (www.rongchengmarkets.com) with minimal investment to cater to consumers and to meet the increasing demand for online grocery shopping in larger quantities at wholesale prices; and
secured new partnerships with other online grocery retailers.

The above cost cutting measures and more efficient operations ensured that the Company had positive cash flow to pay down the revolving credit line, resulting in an overall improvement of our available line of credit that has enabled the Company to navigate through this unprecedented pandemic.

In the second half of 2020, the Company's net sales recovered to about 70% of pre-COVID business volume (based on proforma net revenue for the second half of 2019). The company's net sales continued to recover strongly in 2021 and the recovery rate further increased to approximately 93% of pre-COVID business volume (based on proforma net revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2019) for the three months ended June 30, 2021. Based on current sales volumes and adjusted cost
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structures, the company is generating positive operating cash flows on a weekly basis and does not have immediate liquidity concerns, especially if sales volume continues to remain stable or improve further.
We remain optimistic on the long-term prospects for our business. Although we continue to face intermittent government restrictions on our customers' business operations, we believe that our current level of sales volume will increase over time as the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic slowly dissipate and consumer demand for food away from home increases.
As the market leader in servicing the Asian/Chinese restaurant sector, we believe we are well-positioned for long-term success. The fragmented nature of the Asian/Chinese food service industry and the current environment create opportunities for a company like HF Group, which has the necessary expertise and deep understanding of our unique customer base. We believe we are differentiated from our competitors given our extensive footprint, strong vendor and customer relationships, and value-added service offerings, all of which have allowed and will continue to allow us to better serve our customers in these unprecedented conditions.
How to Assess HF Group’s Performance
In assessing our performance, the Company considers a variety of performance and financial measures, including principal growth in net revenue, gross profit, distribution, selling and administrative expenses, EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA. The key measures that the Company uses to evaluate the performance of our business are set forth below:
Net Revenue
Net revenue is equal to gross sales minus sales returns, sales incentives that the Company offers to our customers, such as rebates and discounts that are offsets to gross sales; and certain other adjustments. Our net sales are driven by changes in number of customers and average customer order amount, product inflation that is reflected in the pricing of our products and mix of products sold.
Gross Profit
Gross profit is equal to net sales minus cost of revenue. Cost of revenue primarily includes inventory costs (net of supplier consideration), inbound freight, custom clearance fees and other miscellaneous expenses. Cost of revenue generally changes as the Company incurs higher or lower costs from suppliers, as the customer and product mix changes, and as impact of inflation affects overall business.
Distribution, Selling and Administrative Expenses (DSA Expenses)
Distribution, selling and administrative expenses consist primarily of salaries and benefits for employees and contract laborers, trucking and fuel expenses, utilities, maintenance and repair expenses, insurance expenses, depreciation and amortization expenses, selling and marketing expenses, professional fees and other operating expenses.
EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA
The Company uses EBITDA to measure operating performance, defined as net income before interest expense, income taxes, and depreciation and amortization. In addition, management uses Adjusted EBITDA, defined as net income before interest expense, interest income, income taxes, and depreciation and amortization, further adjusted to exclude certain unusual, non-cash, non recurring income or expenses. Management believes that Adjusted EBITDA is less susceptible to variances in actual performance resulting from non-recurring expenses, extraordinary charges, and other non-cash charges and more reflective of other factors that affect our operating performance. Management believes that the use of these non-GAAP financial measures provides an additional tool for investors to use in evaluating ongoing operating results and trends and in comparing our financial performance with other companies in the same industry, many of which present similar non-GAAP financial measures to investors. The Company presents EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA in order to provide supplemental information that the Company considers relevant for the readers of our consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this report, and such information is not meant to replace or supersede U.S. GAAP measures.
The definition of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA may not be the same as similarly titled measures used by other companies in the industry. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are not defined under U.S. GAAP and is subject to important limitations as analytical tools and you should not consider them in isolation or as substitutes for analysis of HF Group’s results as reported under U.S. GAAP. For example, Adjusted EBITDA:
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excludes certain tax payments that may represent a reduction in cash available to the Company;
does not reflect any cash capital expenditure requirements for the assets being depreciated and amortized that may have to be replaced in the future;
does not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for, our working capital needs; and
does not reflect the significant interest expense, or the cash requirements, necessary to service our debt.
For additional information on EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA, see the section entitled “MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS — EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA” below.

Results of Operations for the Three Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020
The following table sets forth a summary of our consolidated results of operations for the three month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020. The historical results presented below are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for any future period.
For the Three Months Ended June 30,Changes
20212020Amount%
Net revenue$193,546,236 $104,560,096 $88,986,140 85.1 %
Cost of revenue158,411,932 83,947,312 74,464,620 88.7 %
Gross profit35,134,304 20,612,784 14,521,520 70.4 %
Distribution, selling and administrative expenses29,903,759 25,092,568 4,811,191 19.2 %
Income (loss) from operations5,230,545 (4,479,784)9,710,329 216.8 %
Interest income— 132 (132)100.0 %
Interest expenses(709,342)(324,319)(385,023)(118.7)%
Other income, net473,190 264,730 208,460 78.7 %
Change in fair value of interest rate swap contracts(112,256)(1,264,254)1,151,998 91.1 %
Income (loss) before income tax provision4,882,137 (5,803,495)10,685,632 184.1 %
Provision (benefit) for income taxes1,377,098 (1,489,305)2,866,403 192.5 %
Net income (loss)3,505,039 (4,314,190)7,819,229 181.2 %
Less: net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests(91,557)(255,287)163,730 64.1 %
Net income (loss) attributable to HF Foods Group Inc.$3,596,596 $(4,058,903)$7,655,499 188.6 %
Net Revenue
Net revenue was mainly derived from sales to independent restaurants (Chinese/Asian restaurants) and supplemented by a non-core wholesale operations to smaller distributors.
The following table sets forth the breakdown of net revenue:
For the Three Months Ended June 30,
20212020Changes
Amount%Amount%Amount%
Net revenue
Sales to independent restaurants$187,516,460 96.9 %$98,620,662 94.3 %$88,895,798 90.1 %
Wholesale6,029,776 3.1 %5,939,434 5.7 %90,342 1.5 %
Total$193,546,236 100.0 %$104,560,096 100.0 %$88,986,140 85.1 %
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Net revenue derived from sales to independent restaurants increased by $88.9 million, or 90.1%, for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020. The increase over the same period last year was primarily a result of return of business volume prompted by easing of COVID related restrictions in 2021, as opposed to the severe impact on sales caused by COVID-19 in the same period last year.
We conduct wholesale operations as a supplemental business to our core food service distribution to restaurants by purchasing full truckloads of product from suppliers and redistributing to smaller distributors. These larger purchases generally help the Company to improve our overall bargaining power with suppliers. Net revenue from wholesale operations for the three months ended June 30, 2021 remained relatively stable with a marginal increase of $0.1 million, or 1.5%, as compared to the same period last year.
Sales and Gross Profit
The following tables set forth the calculation of gross profit and gross margin for sales to independent restaurants, wholesale and total net revenue:
For the Three Months Ended June 30,Changes
20212020Amount%
Sales to independent restaurants
Net revenue$187,516,460$98,620,662$88,895,79890.1 %
Cost of revenue152,284,00878,415,14273,868,86694.2 %
Gross profit$35,232,452$20,205,520$15,026,93274.4 %
Gross Margin18.8 %20.5 %(1.7)%
Wholesale
Net revenue$6,029,776$5,939,434$90,3421.5 %
Cost of revenue6,127,9245,532,170595,75410.8 %
Gross profit (loss)$(98,148)$407,264$(505,412)(124.1)%
Gross Margin(1.6)%6.9 %(8.5)%
Total sales
Net revenue$193,546,236$104,560,096$88,986,14085.1 %
Cost of revenue158,411,93283,947,31274,464,62088.7 %
Gross profit$35,134,304$20,612,784$14,521,52070.4 %
Gross Margin18.2 %19.7 %(1.5)%
Cost of revenue was $158.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021, an increase of $74.5 million, or 88.7%, from $83.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The increase in cost of revenue outpaced the increase in net revenue this period due to food cost inflation experienced in 2021 in general as opposed to same period last year.
Gross profit for the three months ended June 30, 2021 was $35.1 million, an increase of $14.5 million, or 70.4%, from $20.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The increase consisted of a $15.0 million increase in gross profit from sales to independent restaurants, offset by $0.5 million loss from sale of "soon-to-expired" inventories to some wholesale customers. Excluding the single transaction that generated the loss from "soon-to-expire" inventories, normalized wholesale gross margin is 8.1% for the three months ended June 30, 2021.
Gross margin decreased from 19.7% for the three months ended June 30, 2020 to 18.2% (18.5% normalized for the $0.5 million decrease in gross margin from sale of "soon-to-expire" inventories) for the three months ended June 30, 2021, attributable mainly to higher food cost of about 12% experienced in 2021 in general which were not fully passed on to customers. In addition, gross margin mix is also affected by gradual recovery in lower margin sales to the buffet restaurants that were practically non-existent in the same period last year during the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic closures, a segment of our customers on the West Coast region which typically have higher sales volume but at lower margin.
Distribution, Selling and Administrative Expenses (DSA Expenses)
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DSA Expenses were $29.9 million and $25.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, representing a $4.8 million, or 19.2%, increase despite an increase in sales of 85.1% in the same comparative period. The increase is comprised of 1) $0.5 million (11% of the total increase) from legal cost arising from the legal defense of class action lawsuits and related internal investigations, 2) Salaries and wages increased by $2.3 million (47% of total increase) due to revenue growth, 3) Truck and fuel costs increased by $1.4 million (29% of total increase) again due to revenue growth, and 4) Equipment repairs and rentals in addition to other expenses increased by $0.6 million (13% of total increase) in operational support of sales growth.
Interest Expense
Interest expenses were $0.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021, an increase of $0.4 million, or about 118.7%, compared with $0.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020. However, interest expense of $0.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020 was skewed by a reclassification (reduction) of $0.7 million of unrealized mark-to-market (MTM) derivative loss previously captured under interest expense in prior quarter. Normalized interest expense for the three months ended June 30, 2020 would have been $1.0 million, resulting in an effective $0.3 million decrease for the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to three months ended June 30, 2020. The effective decrease in interest expense was attributed to lower utilization of the line of credit and decrease in floating interest rate tie to our credit facilities. The Company's floating rate debt decreased by $16.6 million (15.3%) from $108.5 million as of June 30, 2020 to $91.9 million as of June 30, 2021. Correspondingly, the average floating interest rates for the 3 months period ended June 30 also decreased by approximately 0.4% from 2020 to 2021, hence resulting in effective net decrease of about 30%.
Other Income
Other income consists primarily of non-operating income and rental income. Other income was $0.5 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and $0.3 million June 30, 2020.
Change in Fair Value of Interest Rate Swap Contracts
Change in fair value of interest rate swap contracts stemmed from mark to market fair value change of three interest rate swap contracts. See Note 8 to our financial statements for additional information.
Income Tax Provision (Benefit)
Provision for income taxes increased by $2.9 million, or 192.5%, from a tax benefit of $1.5 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020 to a tax provision of $1.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021, as a result of the increase in income before income tax provision, comparing with a significant loss in the same period of 2020.
Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling interests
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests was derived from three subsidiaries with minority ownership outside the Company and decreased by $0.2 million, or 64.1%, from net loss of $0.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020 to a net loss of $0.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021. The increase was attributed to overall increase in net income attributable to the noncontrolling from all subsidiaries.
Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Our Stockholders
As a result of all analysis above, net income attributable to our stockholders was $3.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021, and net loss attributable to our stockholders was $4.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020.
EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA
The following table sets forth of the calculation of EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA, and reconciliation to net income (loss), the closest U.S. GAAP measure:
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For the Three months ended June 30,Changes
20212020Amount%
Net income (loss)$3,505,039$(4,314,190)$7,819,229181.2 %
Interest expense709,342324,319385,023118.7 %
Income tax provision (benefit)1,377,098(1,489,305)2,866,403192.5 %
Depreciation & Amortization4,259,4344,335,932(76,498)(1.8)%
EBITDA9,850,913(1,143,244)10,994,157961.7 %
Unrealized change in fair value of interest rate swap contracts112,2561,264,254(1,151,998)(91.1)%
COVID-19 bad debt reserve (recovery)1,886,781(1,886,781)(100.0)%
Non-recurring expenses*1,957,8571,405,671552,18639.3 %
Adjusted EBITDA$11,921,026$3,413,462$8,507,564249.2 %
Percentage of revenue6.2 %3.3 %2.9 %88.7 %
* For the three months ended June 30, 2021, non-recurring expenses comprised $2.0 million for legal fees related to the defense of class action lawsuits and an internal investigation stemming from the lawsuits (see Note 16 to our financial statements for additional information.).
Adjusted EBITDA was $11.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021, an increase of $8.5 million, or 249.2%, compared to $3.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020 resulting primarily from the $7.8 million (181.2%) increase in net income.
There was no COVID-19 bad debt reserve in the three months ended June 30, 2021.
Results of Operations for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020
The following table sets forth a summary of our consolidated results of operations for the six month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020. The historical results presented below are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for any future period.
For the Six Months Ended June 30,Changes
20212020Amount%
Net revenue$352,928,064 $280,363,432 $72,564,632 25.9 %
Cost of revenue288,364,169 230,775,603 57,588,566 25.0 %
Gross profit64,563,895 49,587,829 14,976,066 30.2 %
Distribution, selling and administrative expenses58,031,254 54,499,161 3,532,093 6.5 %
Income (loss) from operations6,532,641 (4,911,332)11,443,973 233.0 %
Interest income— 263 (263)(100.0)%
Interest expenses(1,451,483)(2,275,888)824,405 (36.2)%
Goodwill impairment loss— (338,191,407)338,191,407 (100.0)%
Other income, net912,749 670,380 242,369 36.2 %
Change in fair value of interest rate swap contracts1,318,636 (1,264,254)2,582,890 204.3 %
Income (loss) before income tax provision7,312,543 (345,972,238)353,284,781 102.1 %
Provision (benefit) for income taxes1,984,305 (1,971,516)3,955,821 200.6 %
Net income (loss)5,328,238 (344,000,722)349,328,960 101.5 %
Less: net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests208,710 (57,877)266,587 460.6 %
Net income (loss) attributable to HF Foods Group Inc.$5,119,528 $(343,942,845)$349,062,373 101.5 %
Net Revenue
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Net revenue was mainly derived from sales to independent restaurants (Chinese/Asian restaurants) and wholesale sales to smaller distributors.
The following table sets forth the breakdown of net revenue:
For the Six Months Ended June 30,
20212020Changes
Amount%Amount%Amount%
Net revenue
Sales to independent restaurants$340,557,245 96.5 %$265,892,978 94.8 %$74,664,267 28.1 %
Wholesale12,370,819 3.5 %14,470,454 5.2 %(2,099,635)(14.5)%
Total$352,928,064 100.0 %$280,363,432 100.0 %$72,564,632 25.9 %
Net revenue derived from sales to independent restaurants increased by $74.7 million, or 28.1%, for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020. The increase over the same period last year was primarily a result of return of business volume due to easing COVID-19 restrictions in 2021, as opposed to the severe impact on sales caused by COVID-19 in the same period last year. Net revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2020 included the first two months of business volume derived prior to the outbreak of COVID-19 whereas the remaining months till June 30, 2020 was impacted by the pandemic, however we have seen a gradual and steady recovery in 2021.
We conduct wholesale operations as a supplemental business to our food service distribution to restaurants by purchasing full truckloads of product from suppliers and redistributing to smaller distributors. These larger purchases can improve overall bargaining power with suppliers by increasing total order quantity. Net revenue from wholesale for the six months ended June 30, 2021 decreased by $2.1 million, or 14.5%, as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020, mainly due to continued impact of COVID-19 and a $1.1 million special purchase in April 2020 that did not repeat in 2021.
The following tables set forth the calculation of gross profit and gross margin for sales to independent restaurants, wholesale and total net revenue:
For the six months ended June 30,Changes
20212020Amount%
Sales to independent restaurants
Net revenue$340,557,245$265,892,978$74,664,26728.1 %
Cost of revenue276,225,791217,144,42659,081,36527.2 %
Gross profit$64,331,454$48,748,552$15,582,90232.0 %
Gross Margin18.9 %18.3 %0.6 %
Wholesale
Net revenue$12,370,819$14,470,454$(2,099,635)(14.5)%
Cost of revenue12,138,37813,631,177(1,492,799)(11.0)%
Gross profit$232,441$839,277$(606,836)(72.3)%
Gross Margin1.9 %5.8 %(3.9)%
Total sales
Net revenue$352,928,064$280,363,432$72,564,63225.9 %
Cost of revenue288,364,169230,775,60357,588,56625.0 %
Gross profit$64,563,895$49,587,829$14,976,06630.2 %
Gross Margin18.3 %17.7 %0.6 %
Cost of revenue was $288.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021, an increase of $57.6 million, or 25.0%, from $230.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The increase in cost of revenue is a direct result of increase in net revenue for the period. Inflation impact on newer sourced product cost is also reflected in the increase in cost of revenue.
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Gross profit for the six months ended June 30, 2021 was $64.6 million, an increase of $15.0 million, or 30.2%, from $49.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The increase consisted of a $15.6 million increase in gross profit from sales to independent restaurants as direct result of better customer mix with higher margin, and $0.6 million decrease in gross profit from wholesale customers. Normalized for the $0.5 million decrease in gross margin from sale of "soon-to-expire" inventories, wholesale gross margin is 6.6%
Gross margin increased from 17.7% for the six months ended June 30, 2020 to 18.3% (18.5% normalized for the $0.5 million decrease in gross margin from sale of "soon-to-expire" inventories) for the six months ended June 30, 2021, attributable mainly to the Company's continuous effort to improve gross margin as evidenced by the increased weight in "Sales to independent restaurants" with higher margin rate and a drop in lower margin sales to the buffet restaurants still impacted by the outbreak of COVID-19, a segment of our customers on the West Coast region which typically have higher sales volume but at lower margin.
Distribution, Selling and Administrative Expenses (DSA Expenses)
DSA Expenses were and $54.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, representing a $3.5 million, or 6.5%, increase despite an increase in sales of 25.9% in the same comparative period. The increase is primarily due to an additional $3.5 million in non-recurring legal expenses connected to the ongoing internal and SEC investigation.
Interest Expense
Interest expenses were $1.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021, a decrease of $0.8 million, or about 36.2%, compared with $2.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease in interest expense was attributed to lower utilization of the line of credit and decrease in actual interest rate due to the floating rate nature of some of our credit facilities. The Company's floating rate debt decreased $16.6 million (15.3%) from $108.5 million as of June 30, 2020 to $91.9 million as of June 30, 2021. Average floating interest rates for the six months period ended June 30 also decreased by approximately 0.97% from 2020 to 2021, hence further contributing to lower interest expense in this period.
Goodwill Impairment Loss
Goodwill impairment loss was $338.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and nil for the six months ended June 30, 2021. See Note 7 to our financial statements for additional information.
Other Income
Other income consists primarily of non-operating income and rental income. Other income was $0.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and $0.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020.
Change in Fair Value of Interest Rate Swap Contracts
Change in fair value of interest rate swap contracts stemmed from mark to market fair value unrealized gain of $0.6 million in three interest rate swap contracts and $0.7 million realized gain on the termination of JPM IRS contract. See Note 8 to our financial statements for additional information.
Income Tax Provision (Benefit)
Provision for income taxes increased by $4.0 million, or 200.6%, from a tax benefit of $2.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 to a tax provision of $2.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021, as a result of the increase in income before income tax provision.
Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling interests
Net income attributable to non-controlling interests was derived from three subsidiaries with minority ownership outside the Company and increased by $0.3 million, or 460.6%, from net loss of $0.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 to a net income of $0.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021. The increase was attributed to increase in net income attributable to noncontrolling interest from Kirnland for the six months ended June 30, 2021.
Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Our Stockholders
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As a result of all analysis above, net income attributable to our stockholders was $5.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021, versus a net loss attributable to our stockholders of $343.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020.
EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA
The following table sets forth of the calculation of EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA, and reconciliation to net income (loss), the closest U.S. GAAP measure:
For the Six Months Ended June 30,Changes
20212020Amount%
Net income (loss)$5,328,238$(344,000,722)$349,328,960101.5 %
Interest expense1,451,4832,275,888(824,405)(36.2)%
Income tax provision (benefit)1,984,305(1,971,516)3,955,821200.6 %
Depreciation & Amortization8,557,5548,710,012(152,458)(1.8)%
EBITDA17,321,580(334,986,338)352,307,918(105.2)%
Goodwill impairment loss338,191,407(338,191,407)100.0 %
Unrealized Change in fair value of interest rate swap contracts(601,836)1,264,254(1,866,090)100.0 %
Realized gain on termination of interest rate swap contract(716,800)(716,800)— %
COVID-19 bad debt reserve (recovery)(178,250)1,886,781(2,065,031)100.0 %
Non-recurring expenses*4,970,4771,405,6713,564,806253.6 %
Adjusted EBITDA$20,795,171$7,761,775$13,033,396167.9 %
Percentage of revenue5.9 %2.8 %3.1 %112.8 %
* For the six months ended June 30, 2021, non-recurring expenses comprised of $5.0 million for legal fees related to the defense of class action lawsuits and an internal investigation stemming from the lawsuits (see Note 16 to our financial statements for additional information.).
Adjusted EBITDA was $20.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021, an increase of $13.0 million, or 167.9%, compared to $7.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020. Goodwill impairment loss was a one time transaction affecting 2020 but not 2021. Excluding the $338.2 million of goodwill impairment loss, the increase in net income was $11.1 million which was primarily attributed to a 0.61% gross margin improvement, income tax provision increased $4.0 million as result of increased income before tax and an additional $3.5 million add back of non-recurring expenses related to the legal defense of class action lawsuits and an associated internal investigation, while being offset by a $0.6 million million subtraction of change in fair value of interest rate swap contracts and $0.7 million subtraction of realized gain on the termination of interest rate swap contract .
The special reserve for doubtful accounts receivable related to COVID-19 saw a recovery of $0.2 million due to Company's effort in collection.

Liquidity and Capital Resources
On January 17, 2020, the Company entered into the Second Amended Credit Agreement by and among JP Morgan, as Administrative Agent, and certain lender parties thereto, including Comerica Bank. The Second Amended Credit Agreement provided for a $100 million asset-secured revolving credit facility maturing on November 4, 2022, and mortgage-secured Term Loans of $75.6 million.
As of June 30, 2021, we had cash of approximately $13.4 million and access to approximately $80.9 million in additional funds through our $100 million line of credit, subject to a borrowing base calculation. The strategic cost management actions undertaken following the outbreak of COVID-19 in late March 2020 resulted in an overall increase of the available line of credit over time. We have funded working capital and other capital requirements primarily by cash flow from operations, and bank loans. Cash is required to pay purchase costs for inventory, salaries, fuel and trucking expenses, selling expenses, rental expenses, income taxes, other operating expenses and to service debts.
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Although management believes that the cash generated from operations will be sufficient to meet our normal working capital needs for at least the next twelve months, our ability to repay our current obligations will depend on the future realization of our current assets. Management has considered the historical experience, the economy, the trends in the food service distribution industry, the expected collectability of accounts receivable and the realization of the inventories as of June 30, 2021. Based on the above considerations, management is of the opinion that we have sufficient funds to meet our working capital requirements and debt obligations in the next 12 months. However, there is no assurance that management will be successful in our plan. There are a number of factors that could potentially arise which might result in shortfalls in anticipated cash flow, such as the demand for our products, economic conditions, government intervention related to COVID-19, competitive pricing in the food service distribution industry, and our bank and suppliers being able to provide continued support. If the future cash flow from operations and other capital resources is insufficient to fund our liquidity needs, we may be forced to reduce or delay our expected acquisition plan, sell assets, obtain additional debt or equity capital, or refinance all or a portion of our debt.
We, however, make no assurance that we will be able to raise any additional capital in the future on satisfactory terms or at all. Our continued access to sources of liquidity depends on multiple factors, including economic conditions, the condition of financial markets, the availability of sufficient amounts of financing, our operating performance and our credit ratings. In addition, the effect of COVID-19 on the capital markets could significantly impact our cost of borrowing and the availability of capital to us.
The following table sets forth cash flow data for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020:
For the Six Months Ended June 30,
20212020
Net cash provided by operating activities$13,270,460 $32,417,651 
Net cash used in investing activities(5,594,900)(94,123,153)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities(3,830,621)55,732,235 
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents$3,844,939 $(5,973,267)
Operating Activities
Net cash provided by operating activities consists primarily of net income adjusted for non-cash items, including depreciation and amortization, changes in deferred income taxes and others, and adjusted for the effect of working capital changes. Net cash provided by operating activities was approximately $13.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021, a decrease of $19.1 million, or 59.1%, compared to net cash provided by operating activities of $32.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease was the result of changes in working capital items mainly resulting from significant decreases in accounts receivable which were due to improved cash collection efforts in 2020 along with increased sales in 2021 resulting in higher accounts receivable balance as of June 30, 2021 compared to June 30, 2020. Inventory decreased significantly due to lower inventory purchases in 2020 as a result of the pandemic while inventory increased in 2021 due to increased inventory purchases resulting in higher inventory balances as of June 30, 2021 compared to June 30, 2020. Additionally decrease was due to decreases in other current assets, other long term assets, advance from customers - related party, goodwill impairment loss and loss from derivative instrument which were offset by an increase in net income, depreciation and amortization expense, gain from disposal of equipment, inventory, advances to suppliers – related parties, deferred tax benefit, and accrued expenses.
Investing Activities
Net cash used in investing activities was approximately $5.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021, a decrease of $88.5 million, or 94.1%, compared to $94.1 million net cash used in investing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease was primarily due to payment made to acquire B&R Realty Subsidiaries of $94.1 million in prior year. The decrease was offset by cash paid for the purchase of noncontrolling interest of $5.0 million in 2021.
Financing Activities
Net cash used in financing activities was approximately $3.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021, a change of $59.6 million, or 106.9%, compared with $55.7 million of net cash provided by financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The change was caused primarily by a non-recurring $75.6 million term loan proceed in prior year for the B&R Realty Acquisition and $1.5 million increase in repayment of notes payable - related parties. These changes were offset by a $7.5 million decrease in repayment of bank overdraft and $10.1 million increase in proceeds from line of credit.
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Commitments and Contractual Obligations
The following table presents the Company’s material contractual obligations as of June 30, 2021:
Contractual ObligationsTotalLess than 1
year
1-3 years3-5 yearsMore than 5
years
Line of credit$19,111,822 $— $19,111,822 $— $— 
Long-term debt90,946,5655,804,1009,334,933 8,101,945 67,705,587
Promissory note payable - related party5,500,000— — 5,500,000
Finance lease obligations1,029,992336,501596,995 96,496 
Operating lease obligations22,291,5541,011,9642,103,662 1,779,573 17,396,355
Total$138,879,933 $7,152,565 $31,147,412 $9,978,014 $90,601,942 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We have no off-balance sheet arrangements that currently have or are reasonably likely to have a material effect on our consolidated financial position, changes in financial condition, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
We have prepared the financial information in this Quarterly Report in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Preparing the Company's consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during these reporting periods. We base our estimates and judgments on historical experience and other factors we believe are reasonable under the circumstances. These assumptions form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Part II, Item 7—“Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of the 2020 Annual Report includes a summary of the critical accounting policies we believe are the most important to aid in understanding our financial results. There have been no changes to those critical accounting policies that have had a material impact on our reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, or expenses during the six month period ended June 30, 2021.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements
For a discussion of recent accounting pronouncements, see Note 2, Recent Accounting Pronouncements, in our consolidated financial statements.
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Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk.
Interest Rate Risk
Our debt exposes us to risk of fluctuations in interest rates. Floating rate debt, where the interest rate fluctuates periodically, exposes us to short-term changes in market interest rates. Fixed rate debt, where the interest rate is fixed over the life of the instrument, exposes us to changes in market interest rates reflected in the fair value of the debt and to the risk that we may need to refinance maturing debt with new debt at higher rates. We manage our debt portfolio to achieve an overall desired proportion of fixed and floating rate debts and may employ interest rate swaps as a tool from time to time to achieve that position.
As of June 30, 2021, our aggregate floating rate debt’s outstanding principal balance was $92.2 million, or 79.6% of total debt, consisting of long-term debt and revolving line of credit (See Notes 9, 10 and 14). Floating rate debt bore interest rate based on the floating 1-month LIBOR plus the bank spreads. The remaining 20.4% of our debt are on fixed rate. A hypothetical 1% fluctuation in the applicable rate would cause the interest expense on our floating rate debt, to change by approximately $0.9 million per year.
Fuel Price Risk
We are also exposed to fluctuations risk in the price and availability of diesel fuel. We require significant quantities of diesel fuel for our vehicle fleet, and the inbound delivery of the products we sell is also dependent upon shipment by diesel-fueled vehicles. We currently are able to obtain adequate supplies of diesel fuel, and prices in the current quarter increased 36.5% from the comparable period of 2020. However, it is impossible to predict the future availability or price of diesel fuel. The price and supply of diesel fuel fluctuates based on external factors not within our control, including geopolitical developments, supply and demand for oil and gas, regional production patterns, weather conditions and environmental concerns. Increases in the cost of diesel fuel could increase our cost of goods sold and operating costs to deliver products to our customers.
The Company does not actively hedge the price fluctuation of diesel fuel in general. Instead, we seek to minimize fuel cost risk through delivery route optimization and improving fleet utilization.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures.
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial and accounting officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures, as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act, as of the end of the period covered by this report. In connection with this review and the audit of our consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020, we identified weaknesses and control deficiencies in our internal control over financial reporting. The weaknesses identified include: (1) The Company has limited in-house accounting personnel with sufficient U.S. GAAP and SEC reporting experience related to complex transactions; and (2) the Company lacks sufficient IT resources to maintain effective IT General Controls, including missing certain entity level controls in IT management, lack of segregation of duties in IT functions, proper review of the operation of application systems, and measures to protect data security and maintain business sustainability. Control deficiencies are related to the lack of proper documentation to evidence the management review of various business processes. Based on this evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial and accounting officer have concluded that as a result of the material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting reported in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of June 30, 2021. Notwithstanding the weaknesses, our management has concluded that the financial statements included elsewhere in this report present fairly, and in all materials respects, our financial position on results of operation and cash flow in conformity with U.S. GAAP.
Disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in our Exchange Act reports is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
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As previously reported in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was ineffective due to material weaknesses and control deficiencies in our internal control over financial reporting. The material weaknesses identified includes: (1) the Company has limited in-house accounting personnel with sufficient U.S. GAAP and SEC reporting experiences, especially related to complex transactions and new accounting pronouncements; and (2) the Company lacks sufficient IT resources to maintain effective IT General Controls, including missing certain entity level controls in IT management, lack of segregation of duties in IT functions, proper review of the operation of application systems, and measures to protect data security and maintain business sustainability. Control deficiencies are related to the lack of proper documentation to evidence the management review of various business processes.
In order to address and resolve the foregoing material weakness, we have begun to implement measures designed to improve our internal control over financial reporting, including hiring additional financial personnel with requisite training and experience in the preparation of financial statements in compliance with applicable SEC requirements, formalizing our processes to generate documentation sufficient to support customer orders and purchase orders, and implementing controls to obtain documentation evidencing customer agreements to transaction amounts and account balances. System integration on accounting and procurement software between HF and B&R Global were substantially completed in March 2021. Operating on the same system strengthened internal control over financial reporting and IT general control by providing a seamless environment to perform operational and reporting functions.
The measures we have implemented are subject to continued management review supported by confirmation and testing, as well as audit committee oversight. Management remains committed to the implementation of remediation efforts to address these weaknesses. Although we will continue to implement measures to remedy our internal control deficiencies, there can be no assurance that our efforts will be successful or avoid potential future material weaknesses. In addition, until remediation steps have been completed and/or operated for a sufficient period of time, and subsequent evaluation of their effectiveness is completed, the weaknesses identified and described above will continue to exist.
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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings.
From time to time, the Company is a party to various lawsuits, claims and other legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of business. When the Company becomes aware of a claim or potential claim, it assesses the likelihood of any loss or exposure. In accordance with authoritative guidance, the Company records loss contingencies in its financial statements only for matters in which losses are probable and can be reasonably estimated. Where a range of loss can be reasonably estimated with no best estimate in the range, the Company records the minimum estimated liability. If the loss is not probable or the amount of the loss cannot be reasonably estimated, the Company discloses the nature of the specific claim if the likelihood of a potential loss is reasonably possible and the amount involved is material. The Company continuously assesses the potential liability related to the Company’s pending litigation and revises its estimates when additional information becomes available. With respect to our outstanding legal matters, we believe that the amount or estimable range of reasonably possible loss will not, either individually or in the aggregate, have a material adverse effect on our business, consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. However, the outcome of litigation is inherently uncertain. Therefore, if one or more of these ordinary-course legal matters were resolved against us for amounts in excess of management's expectations, our results of operations and financial condition, including in a particular reporting period, could be materially adversely affected.
As previously disclosed, an analyst report published in March 2020 suggested certain improprieties in the Company’s operations, many of which later became the subject of allegations in two putative class actions and two derivative actions that were filed on or after March 29, 2020 against the Company, the Company's then current directors, and/or certain of the Company’s then current officers, alleging violation of securities laws or breach of fiduciary duties in connection with claims that the Company failed to disclose in public statements that the Company engaged in certain related party transactions, that insiders and related parties were enriching themselves by misusing shareholder funds, and that the Company masked the true number of free-floating shares (the “Class Actions”). The Company intends to continue to vigorously defend these lawsuits. These cases now are all pending in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California. A motion to dismiss the amended securities fraud complaint was filed on January 19, 2021, which is pending. The derivative actions are stayed pending the outcome of that motion to dismiss. In response to the analyst report, the Company's Board of Directors appointed a Special Committee of Independent Directors to conduct an internal independent investigation with the assistance of counsel (“Special Committee”).

In addition, the SEC initiated a formal, non-public investigation of the Company, and the SEC informally requested, and later issued a subpoena for, documents and other information. The subpoena relates to but is not necessarily limited to the matters identified in the Class Actions. The Special Committee and the Company are cooperating with the SEC. The SEC and the Special Committee investigations are ongoing. There have been no changes to the status of these proceedings as described in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020.

While the Special Committee has reached no final conclusions in conjunction with its investigation, it has made a number of recommendations to management regarding improvements to Company operations and structure, including but not limited to its dealings with related parties.

The Company has also instituted structural changes including the retirement of the former Co-Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board. The Company now has an independent Chairman of the Board. In addition, the Company recently hired an in-house General Counsel and Chief Compliance Officer, who will report to the Chief Executive Officer and the Chairman of the Board. (See Note 17, Subsequent Events)


Item 1A. Risk Factors.
There have been no changes with respect to risk factors as previously disclosed in the Previous Report. Investing in our common stock involves a high degree of risk. Before you invest you should carefully consider the risks and uncertainties described in our Previous Report, our Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations set forth in Item 2 of Part I of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, our consolidated financial statements and related notes included in Item 1 of Part I of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our consolidated financial statements and related notes, as well as our Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and the other information in our Previous Report. Readers should carefully review those risks, as well as additional risks described in other documents we file from time to time with the SEC.

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Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds from Registered Securities.

There have been no changes with respect to unregistered sales of equity securities as previously disclosed in the Previous Report.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.
None.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.
Not applicable.

Item 5. Other Information.
None.

Item 6. Exhibits.
The following exhibits are being filed or furnished with this quarterly report on Form 10-Q:
Exhibit No.Description
101.INSXBRL Instance Document
101.SCHXBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CALXBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEFXBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LABXBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PREXBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)
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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
HF FOODS GROUP INC.
By: /s/ Xiao Mou Zhang
Xiao Mou Zhang
Chief Executive Officer
By: /s/ Kong Hian Lee
Kong Hian Lee
Chief Financial Officer
(Principal accounting and financial officer)
Date: August 9, 2021
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