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METC Ramaco Resources

Filed: 2 Nov 21, 4:08pm

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2021

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                 to

Commission File Number: 001-38003

RAMACO RESOURCES, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

38-4018838

(State or other jurisdiction

(I.R.S. Employer

of incorporation or organization)

Identification No.)

250 West Main Street, Suite 1800

Lexington, Kentucky

40507

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip code)

(859) 244-7455

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

    

Trading Symbol(s)

    

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, $0.01 par value

METC

NASDAQ Global Select Market

9.00% Senior Notes due 2026

METCL

NASDAQ Global Select Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes      No  

As of November 1, 2021, the registrant had 44,109,366 shares of common stock outstanding.

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Quarterly Report”) includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). All statements, other than statements of historical fact included in this Quarterly Report, regarding our strategy, future operations, financial position, estimated revenue and losses, projected costs, prospects, plans and objectives of management are forward-looking statements. When used in this Quarterly Report, the words “could,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “expect,” “project” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain such identifying words. These forward-looking statements are based on management’s current expectations and assumptions about future events and are based on currently available information as to the outcome and timing of future events. When considering forward-looking statements, you should keep in mind the risk factors and other cautionary statements described under, but not limited to, the heading “Item 1A. Risk Factors” included in this Quarterly Report and elsewhere in the Annual Report of Ramaco Resources, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 (the “Annual Report”) filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on February 18, 2021 and other filings of the Company with the SEC.

Forward-looking statements may include statements about:

risks related to the impact of the COVID-19 global pandemic, such as the scope and duration of the outbreak, the health and safety of our employees, government actions and restrictive measures implemented in response, delays and cancellations of customer sales, supply chain disruptions and other impacts to the business, or our ability to execute our business continuity plans;
anticipated production levels, costs, sales volumes and revenue;
timing and ability to complete major capital projects;
economic conditions in the metallurgical coal and steel industries generally, including any near-term or long-term downturn in these industries as a result of the COVID-19 global pandemic and related actions;
expected costs to develop planned and future mining operations, including the costs to construct necessary processing, refuse disposal and transport facilities;
estimated quantities or quality of our metallurgical coal reserves;
our ability to obtain additional financing on favorable terms, if required, to complete the acquisition of additional metallurgical coal reserves as currently contemplated or to fund the operations and growth of our business;
maintenance, operating or other expenses or changes in the timing thereof;
the financial condition and liquidity of our customers;
competition in coal markets;
the price of metallurgical coal or thermal coal;
compliance with stringent domestic and foreign laws and regulations, including environmental, climate change and health and safety regulations, and permitting requirements, as well as changes in the regulatory environment, the adoption of new or revised laws, regulations and permitting requirements;
potential legal proceedings and regulatory inquiries against us;
the impact of weather and natural disasters on demand, production and transportation;
purchases by major customers and our ability to renew sales contracts;
credit and performance risks associated with customers, suppliers, contract miners, co-shippers and traders, banks and other financial counterparties;
geologic, equipment, permitting, site access and operational risks and new technologies related to mining;
transportation availability, performance and costs;
availability, timing of delivery and costs of key supplies, capital equipment or commodities such as diesel fuel, steel, explosives and tires;
timely review and approval of permits, permit renewals, extensions and amendments by regulatory authorities;
our ability to comply with certain debt covenants;
tax payments to be paid for the current fiscal year;
our expectations relating to dividend payments and our ability to make such payments, if any;

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the anticipated completion of the Acquisition (as defined below) and the timing thereof ;
the expected benefits of the Acquisition to the Company’s shareholders;
the anticipated benefits and impacts of the Acquisition; and
other risks identified in this Quarterly Report that are not historical.

We caution you that these forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions, which are difficult to predict and many of which are beyond our control, incident to the development, production, gathering and sale of coal. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment and additional risks may arise from time to time. It is not possible for our management to predict all of the risks associated with our business, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements we may make. Although we believe that our plans, intentions and expectations reflected in or suggested by the forward-looking statements we make in this Quarterly Report are reasonable, we can give no assurance that these plans, intentions or expectations will be achieved or occur, and actual results could differ materially and adversely from those anticipated or implied in the forward-looking statements. Given these risks and uncertainties, investors should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements as a prediction of actual results.

All forward-looking statements, expressed or implied, included in this Quarterly Report are expressly qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement and speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report. This cautionary statement should also be considered in connection with any subsequent written or oral forward-looking statements that we or persons acting on our behalf may issue.

Except as otherwise required by applicable law, we disclaim any duty to update any forward-looking statements, all of which are expressly qualified by the statements in this section, to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this Quarterly Report.

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PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.         Financial Statements

Ramaco Resources, Inc.

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

In thousands, except share and per-share amounts

    

September 30, 2021

    

December 31, 2020

    

Assets

  

 

  

Current assets

  

 

  

Cash and cash equivalents

$

46,672

$

5,300

Accounts receivable

 

37,592

 

20,299

Inventories

 

13,880

 

11,947

Prepaid expenses and other

 

4,339

 

4,953

Total current assets

 

102,483

 

42,499

Property, plant and equipment, net

 

181,675

 

180,455

Financing lease right-of-use assets, net

8,897

Advanced coal royalties

 

5,509

 

4,784

Other

 

520

 

885

Total Assets

$

299,084

$

228,623

Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

Liabilities

Current liabilities

Accounts payable

$

21,157

$

11,742

Accrued expenses

 

14,081

 

11,591

Asset retirement obligations

 

1,161

 

46

Current portion of long-term debt

 

5,781

 

4,872

Current portion of financing lease obligations

3,057

Other current liabilities

44

862

Total current liabilities

 

45,281

 

29,113

Asset retirement obligations

 

14,629

 

15,110

Long-term debt, net

 

2,809

 

12,578

Long-term financing lease obligations, net

4,847

 

Senior notes, net

32,245

 

Deferred tax liability, net

 

3,412

 

1,762

Other long-term liabilities

2,054

965

Total liabilities

 

105,277

59,528

Commitments and contingencies

 

 

Stockholders' Equity

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized, none issued and outstanding

 

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value, 260,000,000 shares authorized, 44,109,366 at September 30, 2021 and 42,706,908 at December 31, 2020 shares issued and outstanding

 

441

 

427

Additional paid-in capital

 

162,437

 

158,859

Retained earnings

 

30,929

 

9,809

Total stockholders' equity

 

193,807

 

169,095

Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

$

299,084

$

228,623

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

5

Ramaco Resources, Inc.

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

Three months ended September 30, 

Nine months ended September 30, 

In thousands, except per-share amounts

    

2021

    

2020

    

2021

    

2020

Revenue

 

$

76,377

 

$

39,459

 

$

195,889

 

$

117,769

Costs and expenses

Cost of sales (exclusive of items shown separately below)

 

54,808

 

35,689

 

143,768

 

96,758

Asset retirement obligations accretion

 

156

 

128

 

461

 

428

Depreciation and amortization

 

6,751

 

5,258

 

18,861

 

15,601

Selling, general and administrative

 

5,895

 

5,966

 

15,767

 

15,723

Total costs and expenses

 

67,610

 

47,041

 

178,857

 

128,510

Operating income (loss)

 

8,767

 

(7,582)

 

17,032

 

(10,741)

Other income

 

789

 

1,743

 

7,156

 

11,456

Interest expense, net

 

(933)

 

(344)

 

(1,418)

 

(915)

Income (loss) before tax

 

8,623

 

(6,183)

 

22,770

 

(200)

Income tax expense (benefit)

 

1,588

 

(1,407)

 

1,650

 

(38)

Net income (loss)

$

7,035

$

(4,776)

$

21,120

$

(162)

Earnings (loss) per common share

Basic

$

0.16

$

(0.11)

$

0.48

$

Diluted

$

0.16

$

(0.11)

$

0.48

$

Basic weighted average shares outstanding

 

44,109

 

42,647

 

43,915

 

42,373

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding

 

44,465

 

42,647

 

43,996

 

42,373

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

6

Ramaco Resources, Inc.

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

Additional

Total 

 

Common

 

Paid-

 

Retained

 

Stockholders'

In thousands

    

Stock

    

in Capital

    

Earnings

    

Equity

Balance at January 1, 2021

$

427

$

158,859

$

9,809

$

169,095

Stock-based compensation

 

15

 

1,040

 

 

1,055

Net income

 

 

 

4,143

 

4,143

Balance at March 31, 2021

442

159,899

13,952

174,293

Restricted stock surrendered for withholding taxes payable

(1)

(326)

(327)

Stock-based compensation

 

 

1,522

 

 

1,522

Net income

 

 

 

9,942

 

9,942

Balance at June 30, 2021

441

161,095

23,894

185,430

Stock-based compensation

 

 

1,342

 

 

1,342

Net income

 

 

 

7,035

 

7,035

Balance at September 30, 2021

$

441

$

162,437

$

30,929

$

193,807

Balance at January 1, 2020

$

410

$

154,957

$

14,716

$

170,083

Stock-based compensation

 

17

 

906

 

 

923

Net income

 

 

 

1,962

 

1,962

Balance at March 31, 2020

427

155,863

16,678

172,968

Restricted stock surrendered for withholding taxes payable

(1)

(192)

(193)

Stock-based compensation

 

 

1,106

 

 

1,106

Net income

 

 

 

2,652

 

2,652

Balance at June 30, 2020

426

156,777

19,330

176,533

Stock-based compensation

 

1

 

1,089

 

 

1,090

Net loss

 

 

 

(4,776)

 

(4,776)

Balance at September 30, 2020

$

427

$

157,866

$

14,554

$

172,847

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

7

Ramaco Resources, Inc.

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

Nine months ended September 30, 

In thousands

    

2021

    

2020

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

  

 

  

Net income (loss)

$

21,120

$

(162)

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash from operating activities:

Accretion of asset retirement obligations

 

461

 

428

Depreciation and amortization

 

18,861

 

15,601

Amortization of debt issuance costs

 

96

 

43

Stock-based compensation

 

3,919

 

3,119

Other income - employee retention tax credit

(5,407)

Other income - PPP Loan

(8,444)

Deferred income taxes

 

1,650

 

(37)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

Accounts receivable

 

(17,293)

 

(2,030)

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

5,611

 

630

Inventories

 

(1,933)

 

(8,027)

Other assets and liabilities

 

760

 

(1,154)

Accounts payable

 

7,515

 

3,409

Accrued expenses

 

2,397

 

(2,429)

Net cash from operating activities

 

37,757

 

947

Cash flow from investing activities:

Purchases of property, plant and equipment

 

(17,642)

 

(20,515)

Net cash from investing activities

(17,642)

(20,515)

Cash flows from financing activities:

Proceeds from PPP Loan

8,444

Proceeds from borrowings

 

50,545

 

45,543

Payments of debt issuance cost

(2,356)

Repayment of borrowings

 

(24,900)

 

(32,597)

Repayments of financed insurance payable

(862)

(656)

Repayments of financing leased equipment

(1,253)

Restricted stock surrendered for withholding taxes payable

(327)

(193)

Net cash from financing activities

 

20,847

 

20,541

Net change in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

40,962

 

973

Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period

 

6,710

 

6,865

Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period

$

47,672

$

7,838

Supplemental cash flow information:

Cash paid for interest

$

852

$

820

Cash paid for taxes

 

 

Non-cash investing and financing activities:

Leased assets obtained under new financing leases

 

9,157

 

Capital expenditures included in accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

3,128

 

633

Additional asset retirement obligations incurred

 

235

 

172

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

8

Ramaco Resources, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

NOTE 1—BUSINESS

Ramaco Resources, Inc. (the “Company,” “we,” “us” or “our,”) is a Delaware corporation formed in October 2016. Our principal corporate offices are located in Lexington, Kentucky. We are an operator and developer of high-quality, low-cost metallurgical coal in southern West Virginia, southwestern Virginia, and southwestern Pennsylvania.

COVID-19 Pandemic—The global spread of COVID-19 created significant volatility, uncertainty and economic disruption during 2020. The Company was adversely affected by the deterioration and increased uncertainty in the macroeconomic outlook as a result of the impact of COVID-19. After the initial outbreak, we observed a declining demand for, and declines in the spot price of, metallurgical coal as business and consumer activity decelerated across the globe. Throughout 2021, we are seeing increases in demand from our primary customers, as the global economic recovery began. U.S. steel prices also have increased significantly due to this recovery and the effects from large-scale government stimulus measures.

We continue to actively monitor the situation and may take further actions altering our business operations that we determine are in the best interests of our employees, customers, suppliers, and stakeholders, or as required by federal, state, or local authorities.

NOTE 2—SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Basis of Presentation—These interim financial statements are unaudited and have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC regarding interim financial reporting. Certain disclosures have been condensed or omitted from these financial statements. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and notes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for complete consolidated financial statements, and should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report.

In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to fairly present the financial position as of, and the results of operations for, all periods presented. In preparing the accompanying financial statements, management has made certain estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts in the condensed consolidated financial statements and disclosures of contingencies. Actual results may differ from those estimates. The results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of annual results. Intercompany balances and transactions between consolidated entities have been eliminated.

Cash and Cash Equivalents—We classify all highly-liquid instruments with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Restricted cash balances were $1.0 million at September 30, 2021 and $1.4 million at December 31, 2020. These consisted of funds held in escrow for potential future workers’ compensation claims and were classified in other current assets in the consolidated balance sheets.

Self-Insurance—We are self-insured for certain losses relating to workers’ compensation claims, including pneumoconiosis (occupational disease) claims. We purchase insurance coverage to reduce our exposure to significant levels of these claims. Self-insured losses are accrued based upon estimates of the aggregate liability for uninsured claims incurred as of the balance sheet date using current and historical claims experience and certain actuarial assumptions. At September 30, 2021, the estimated aggregate liability for uninsured claims totaled $3.5 million. Of this, $2.1 million is included in other long-term liabilities within the consolidated balance sheets. At December 31, 2020, the estimated aggregate liability for uninsured claims totaled $1.7 million including $0.9 million included in other long-term liabilities. These estimates are subject to uncertainty due to a variety of factors, including extended lag times in the reporting and resolution of claims, and trends or changes in claim settlement patterns, insurance industry practices and legal interpretations. As a result, actual costs could differ significantly from the estimated amounts. Adjustments to estimated liabilities are recorded in the period in which the change in estimate occurs.

9

Financial Instruments—Our financial assets and liabilities consist of cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and indebtedness. The fair values of these instruments approximate their carrying amounts at each reporting date.

Nonrecurring fair value measurements include asset retirement obligations, the estimated fair value of which is calculated as the present value of estimated cash flows related to its reclamation liabilities using Level 3 inputs. The significant inputs used to calculate such liabilities include estimates of costs to be incurred, our credit adjusted discount rate, inflation rates and estimated date of reclamation.

Concentrations—During the three months ended September 30, 2021, sales to our top three customers accounted for approximately 29%, 19% and 16% of our total revenue, respectively, aggregating to approximately 64% of our total revenue. The balances due in the aggregate from these three customers at September 30, 2021 was approximately 63% of our total accounts receivable. During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, sales to our top three customers accounted for approximately 31%, 18% and 10% of our total revenue, respectively, aggregating to approximately 59% of our total revenue. The balances due in the aggregate from these three customers at September 30, 2021 was approximately 63% of our total accounts receivable. During the three months ended September 30, 2020, sales to our top three customers accounted for approximately 86% of total revenue. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, sales to our top three customers accounted for approximately 71% of total revenue.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements—In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes, which enhances and simplifies various aspects of the income tax accounting guidance, including requirements such as tax basis step-up in goodwill obtained in a transaction that is not a business combination, ownership changes in investments, and interim-period accounting for enacted changes in tax law. The standard was effective for us in the first quarter of our fiscal year 2021. The adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting, which provides optional expedients and exceptions for applying generally accepted accounting principles to contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions affected by reference rate reform if certain criteria are met. The amendments are effective for all entities beginning on March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. The Company has not adopted this ASU. The Company is currently assessing the impact of adopting this standard on its consolidated financial statements and the timing of adoption.

NOTE 3—PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

Property, plant and equipment consisted of the following:

(In thousands)

    

September 30, 2021

    

December 31, 2020

Plant and equipment

$

161,566

$

155,173

Construction in process

 

4,890

 

7,245

Capitalized mine development costs

 

88,713

 

74,279

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

(73,494)

 

(56,242)

Total property, plant and equipment, net

$

181,675

$

180,455

Capitalized amounts related to coal reserves at properties where we are not currently developing or actively engaged in mining operations totaled $14.7 million as of September 30, 2021 and $15.4 million as of December 31, 2020.

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Depreciation and amortization included:

Three months ended September 30, 

Nine months ended September 30, 

(In thousands)

    

2021

    

2020

    

2021

    

2020

Depreciation of plant and equipment

$

4,484

$

4,326

$

13,354

$

12,740

Depreciation of right of use assets

413

540

Amortization of capitalized

mine development costs

 

1,854

 

932

 

4,967

 

2,861

Total depreciation and amortization

$

6,751

$

5,258

$

18,861

$

15,601

NOTE 4—DEBT

Revolving Credit Facility and Term Loan—On November 2, 2018, we entered into a Credit and Security Agreement (as amended, the “Credit Agreement”) with KeyBank National Association (“KeyBank”). The Credit Agreement was amended on February 20, 2020 and March 19, 2021 and consists of a $10.0 million term loan (the “Term Loan”) and up to $30.0 million in the form of a revolving line of credit (the “Revolving Credit Facility”), including $3.0 million letter of credit availability. All personal property assets, including, but not limited to accounts receivable, coal inventory and certain mining equipment are pledged to secure the Credit Agreement.

The Revolving Credit Facility has a maturity date of December 31, 2023 and bears interest based on LIBOR + 2.0% or Base Rate + 1.5%. Base Rate is the highest of (i) KeyBank’s prime rate, (ii) Federal Funds Effective Rate + 0.5%, or (iii) LIBOR + 2.0%. Advances under the Revolving Credit Facility are made initially as base rate loans but may be converted to LIBOR rate loans at certain times at our discretion. At September 30, 2021, there was 0 amount outstanding under the Revolving Credit Facility and we had remaining availability of $27.1 million.

The Term Loan is secured under a Master Security Agreement with a pledge of certain underground and surface mining equipment, bears interest at LIBOR + 5.15% and is required to be repaid in monthly installments of $278 thousand including accrued interest. The outstanding principal balance of the Term Loan was $4.2 million at September 30, 2021. 

The Credit Agreement contains usual and customary covenants including limitations on liens, additional indebtedness, investments, restricted payments, asset sales, mergers, affiliate transactions and other customary limitations, as well as financial covenants. At September 30, 2021, we were in compliance with all debt covenants in the Credit Agreement.

Key Equipment Finance Loan—On April 16, 2020, we entered into an equipment loan with Key Equipment Finance, a division of KeyBank, as lender, in the principal amount of approximately $4.7 million for the financing of existing underground and surface equipment (the “Equipment Loan”). The Equipment Loan bears interest at 7.45% per annum and is payable in 36 monthly installments of $147 thousand. There is a 3% premium for prepayment of the note within the first 12 months. This premium declines by 1% during each successive 12-month period. The outstanding principal balance under the Equipment Loan was $2.6 million at September 30, 2021.

9.00% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2026On July 13, 2021, we completed an offering of $34.5 million, in the aggregate, of the Company’s 9.00% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2026 (the “Notes”), less $2.4 million for note offering costs. The Notes mature on July 30, 2026, unless redeemed prior to maturity. The Notes bear interest at a rate of 9.00% per annum, payable quarterly in arrears on the 30th day of January, April, July and October of each year, commencing on July 30, 2021. We may redeem the Notes in whole or in part, at our option, at any time on or after July 30, 2023, or upon certain change of control events, at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest to, but not including, the date of redemption The outstanding principal balance under the Notes was $34.5 million at September 30, 2021.

J. H. Fletcher & Co. Loan—On July 23, 2021, we entered into an equipment loan with J. H. Fletcher & Co., as lender, in the principal amount of approximately $1.0 million for the financing of underground equipment (the “Fletcher Equipment Loan”). The Fletcher Equipment Loan bears interest at 0% per annum and is payable in 24 monthly

11

installments of $40 thousand. The outstanding principal balance under the Fletcher Equipment Loan was approximately $0.8 million at September 30, 2021.

Komatsu Financial Limited Partnership Loan—On August 16, 2021, we entered into an equipment loan with Komatsu Financial Limited Partnership, as lender, in the principal amount of approximately $1.0 million for the financing of surface equipment (the “Komatsu Equipment Loan”). The Komatsu Equipment Loan bears interest at 4.6% per annum and is payable in 36 monthly installments of $36 thousand for the first six months and then at $28 thousand until maturity. The outstanding principal balance under the Komatsu Equipment Loan was approximately $1.0 million at September 30, 2021.

NOTE 5—LEASES

The Company has various financing leases for mining equipment which originated in the second and third quarters of 2021. These leases are generally for terms up to 36 months and expire through 2024. We have 1 operating lease for office space that will expire mid-2022.

Right-of-use assets and lease liabilities are determined as the present value of the lease payments, discounted using either the implicit interest rate in the lease or our estimated incremental borrowing rate based on similar terms, payments and the economic environment where the leased asset is located. Below is a summary of our leases:

(In thousands)

Classification

September 30, 2021

December 31, 2020

Right-of-use assets

Financing

Financing lease right-of-use assets, net

$

8,897

$

Operating

Other assets

44

110

Total right-of-use assets

$

8,941

$

110

Current lease liabilities

Financing

Current portion of financing lease obligations

$

3,057

$

Operating

Other current liabilities

44

79

Non-current lease liabilities

Financing

Long-term portion of financing lease obligations

$

4,847

$

Operating

Other long-term liabilities

31

Total lease liabilities

$

7,948

$

110

Minimum lease payments for our lease obligations are as follows:

September 30, 2021

(In thousands)

    

Financing

    

Operating

    

Total

Future minimum lease payments:

2021

$

731

$

16

$

747

2022

3,510

41

3,551

2023

3,173

3,173

2024

945

945

Total undiscounted lease payments

8,359

57

8,416

Less: Amounts representing interest

(455)

(13)

(468)

Present value of lease obligations

$

7,904

$

44

$

7,948

Weighted average remaining term (years)

2.6

0.6

Weighted average discount rate

4.1%

8.5%

12

NOTE 6—SBA PAYCHECK PROTECTION PROGRAM LOAN

On April 20, 2020, we received proceeds from the PPP Loan in the amount of approximately $8.4 million from KeyBank, as lender, pursuant to the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”). The purpose of the PPP was to encourage the continued employment of workers. We used all of the PPP Loan proceeds for eligible payroll expenses, lease, interest and utility payments.

The PPP Loan was evidenced by a promissory note dated April 16, 2020, which contains customary events of default relating to, among other things, payment defaults and breaches of representations and warranties.

Pursuant to the subsequently enacted Paycheck Protection Flexibility Act of 2020, we were permitted to defer required monthly payments of principal and interest until such time as an approval or denial of forgiveness is received from the U.S. Small Business Administration (“SBA”). In 2020, we recognized $8.4 million as other income in the consolidated statement of operations as we expect the full amount of the PPP Loan principal, together with accrued interest thereon, will be forgiven.

On July 29, 2021, we were notified by KeyBank that full forgiveness had been approved by the SBA.

NOTE 7—EQUITY

Stock-Based Compensation—We have a stock-based compensation plan under which stock options, restricted stock, performance shares and other stock-based awards may be granted. At September 30, 2021, 1.9 million shares were reserved under the current plan for future awards.

Options for the purchase of a total of 937,424 shares of our common stock with an exercise price of $5.34 per share were granted to 2 executives on August 31, 2016. The options have a ten-year term from the grant date and are fully vested. The options remain outstanding and unexercised and the exercise price is less than the average stock price for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2021.

We grant shares of restricted stock to certain senior executives, key employees and directors. These shares vest over approximately one to three and a half years from the date of grant. During the vesting period, the participants have voting rights and may receive dividends, but the shares may not be sold, assigned, transferred, pledged or otherwise encumbered. Additionally, granted but unvested shares are generally forfeited upon termination of employment, unless an employee enters into another written arrangement. The fair value of the restricted stock on the date of the grant is amortized ratably over the service period. Compensation expense related to these awards totaled $1.3 million and $3.9 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. At September 30, 2021, there was $8.5 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested restricted stock to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.8 years.

The following table summarizes restricted awards outstanding, as well as activity for the period:

    

    

Weighted

 

Average Grant

Shares

 

Date Fair Value

Outstanding at December 31, 2020

 

2,845,525

$

4.28

Granted

 

1,592,659

 

4.37

Vested

 

(321,075)

 

8.03

Forfeited

 

(129,279)

 

4.11

Outstanding at September 30, 2021

 

3,987,830

$

4.02

NOTE 8—COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Surety Bonds—At September 30, 2021, we had total reclamation bonding requirements of $15.8 million which were supported by surety bonds. Additionally, we had $0.3 million of surety bonds that secured performance obligations.

13

Contingent Transportation Purchase Commitments—We secure the ability to transport coal through rail contracts and export terminal services contracts that are sometimes funded through take-or-pay arrangements. At September 30, 2021, contingent liabilities under these take-or-pay arrangements totaled $4.6 million under 4 contracts expiring at various dates between December 31, 2021, and March 31, 2024. The level of these take-or-pay liabilities will be reduced at a per ton rate as such rail and export terminal services are utilized against the required minimum tonnage amounts over the contracts term stipulated in such rail and export terminal contracts.

Litigation—From time to time, the Company may be subject to various litigation and other claims in the normal course of business. No amounts have been accrued in the consolidated financial statements with respect to any matters.

On November 5, 2018, one of three raw coal storage silos that fed our Elk Creek plant experienced a partial structural failure. A temporary conveying system completed in late-November 2018 restored approximately 80% of the plant capacity. We completed a permanent belt workaround and restored the preparation plant to its full processing capacity in mid-2019. Our insurance carrier, Federal Insurance Company, disputed our claim for coverage based on certain exclusions to the applicable policy, and, therefore, on August 21, 2019, we filed suit against Federal Insurance Company and Chubb INA Holdings, Inc. in Logan County Circuit Court in West Virginia seeking a declaratory judgment that the partial silo collapse was an insurable event and required coverage under our policy. Defendants removed the case to the United States District Court for the Southern District of West Virginia, and upon removal, we substituted ACE American Insurance Company as a defendant in place of Chubb INA Holdings, Inc.

The case went to trial beginning on June 29, 2021. On July 15, 2021, the jury returned a verdict in favor of the Company for $7.7 million in compensatory damages and on July 16, 2021, made an additional award of $25.0 million for inconvenience and aggravation. Additionally, the Company is seeking to recover its attorney’s fees and costs. This verdict is not final and may be subject to post-trial motions or appeal. We have, therefore, not recognized any gain related to this verdict as of September 30, 2021.

NOTE 9—REVENUE

Our revenue is derived from contracts for the sale of coal which is recognized at the point in time control is transferred to our customer. Generally, domestic sales contracts have terms of about one year and the pricing is typically fixed. Export sales have spot or term contracts and pricing can either be by fixed-price or a price derived against index-based pricing mechanisms. Sales completed with delivery to an export terminal are reported as export revenue. Disaggregated information about our revenue is presented below:

Three months ended September 30, 

Nine months ended September 30, 

(In thousands)

    

2021

    

2020

2021

    

2020

Coal Sales

 

  

 

  

  

 

  

North American revenues

$

47,954

$

27,284

$

105,611

$

89,795

Export revenues, excluding Canada

 

28,423

 

12,175

 

90,278

 

27,974

Total revenues

$

76,377

$

39,459

$

195,889

$

117,769

At September 30, 2021, we had outstanding performance obligations for the remainder of 2021 of approximately 0.5 million tons for contracts with fixed sales prices averaging $84/ton and 0.1 million tons for contracts with index-based pricing mechanisms.

NOTE 10—INCOME TAXES

Income tax provisions for interim quarterly periods are generally based on an estimated annual effective income tax rate calculated separately from the effect of significant, infrequent or unusual items related specifically to interim periods. The income tax impact of discrete items are recognized in the period these occur.

The following table summarizes income tax expense, including the impact of discrete items, for each period presented:

14

Three months ended September 30, 

Nine months ended September 30, 

(In thousands)

    

2021

    

2020

    

2021

    

2020

Deferred income tax expense (benefit)

$

1,817

$

(1,407)

$

3,046

$

(473)

Discrete items:

   State income taxes - West Virginia

(229)

(1,615)

   Stock-based compensation

 

219

435

Total income tax expense (benefit)

$

1,588

$

(1,407)

$

1,650

$

(38)

Discrete items include the impact of legislative changes in Virginia and West Virginia and tax expense for the excess of book expense over the tax deduction for vested restricted stock awards. Excluding these discrete items, our effective tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 was 21% and 23%, respectively. Similarly, our effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 was 13% and 19%, respectively. The primary difference from the federal statutory rate of 21% in each period is related to state taxes, permanent differences for non-deductible expenses and depletion expense for income tax purposes.

NOTE 11—EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE

The following is the computation of basic and diluted EPS:

    

Three months ended September 30, 

Nine months ended September 30, 

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

    

2021

    

2020

    

2021

    

2020

Numerator

 

  

 

  

  

 

  

Net income (loss)

$

7,035

$

(4,776)

$

21,120

$

(162)

Denominator

Weighted average shares used to compute basic earnings (loss) per share

 

44,109

 

42,647

 

43,915

 

42,373

Dilutive effect of stock-based awards

 

356

 

 

81

 

Weighted average shares used to compute diluted earnings (loss) per share

 

44,465

 

42,647

 

43,996

 

42,373

Earnings (loss) per share

Basic

$

0.16

$

(0.11)

$

0.48

$

(0.00)

Diluted

$

0.16

$

(0.11)

$

0.48

$

(0.00)

Diluted earnings (loss) per share in each of the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2020 excludes 937,424 options to purchase our common stock because their effect would be anti-dilutive.

NOTE 12—RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

Mineral Lease and Surface Rights AgreementsMuch of the coal reserves and surface rights that we control were acquired through a series of mineral leases and surface rights agreements with Ramaco Coal, LLC (“Ramaco Coal”), a related party. Production royalty payables totaling $0.6 million and $0.4 million at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, were included in accounts payable in the consolidated balance sheets. Royalties paid to Ramaco Coal in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 totaled $1.3 million and $3.9 million, respectively. In the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, royalties paid to Ramaco Coal totaled $1.0 million and $3.3 million, respectively.

On-going Administrative Services—Under a Mutual Services Agreement dated December 22, 2017 but effective as of March 31, 2017, the Company and Ramaco Coal agreed to share the services of certain of each company’s employees. Each party will pay the other a fee on a quarterly basis for such services calculated as the annual base salary of each employee providing services multiplied by the percentage of time each employee spent providing services for the other party. The services will be provided for 12-month terms, but may be terminated by either party at the end of any 12-month term by providing written notice at least 30 days prior to the end of the then-current term. Charges to Ramaco Coal were $40 thousand and $79 thousand, respectively, for the three and nine months ended

15

September 30, 2021. For the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2020, charges to Ramaco Coal were $16 thousand and $31 thousand, respectively.

NOTE 13—SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

2022 Domestic Sales ContractsOn October 26, 2021, Ramaco announced that it has completed 2022 sales negotiations to its North American steel customers. We have now contracted to sell 1.67 million tons of both low volatile and high volatile coal at an overall average price of roughly $196 per short ton FOB mine. These completed domestic sales represent approximately 54% of Ramaco’s projected 2022 production of 3.1 million tons.

Coronado Asset Purchase AgreementOn October 26, 2021, the Company entered into an Asset Purchase Agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) with Coronado IV LLC, Buchanan Minerals, LLC and Buchanan Mining Company, LLC (collectively, the “Sellers”), pursuant to which the Company will purchase certain assets from Sellers for an aggregate cash purchase price of $30 million (the “Acquisition”). The closing of the transactions contemplated by the Purchase Agreement is subject to customary closing conditions. The Purchase Agreement contains representations, warranties and covenants from the Company that are customary for transactions of this type. The Acquisition is expected to close in mid-November 2021.

Dividend Initiation AuthorizationOn October 26, 2021, we announced that our Board of Directors (the “Board”) authorized the initiation of a regular quarterly dividend to be paid beginning in the first quarter of 2022. The amount of the dividend and timing of both the record date and payment date will be set at the Company’s Board meeting to be held in early December of 2021.

Amendment of Revolving Credit Facility and Term Loan —On October 29, 2021, the Company entered into an Amended and Restated Credit and Security Agreement (“the Credit Agreement Amendment”) with KeyBank, pursuant to which KeyBank agreed to increase the Company’s revolving line of credit under the Credit Agreement by $10 million to an aggregate of $40 million, of which no amounts were outstanding immediately prior to entering into the Credit Agreement Amendment. The Credit Agreement Amendment also extended the maturity date of the Revolving Credit Facility to December 31, 2024.

.

* * * * *

16

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” contained in our Annual Report, as well as the financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this Quarterly Report. The following discussion contains forward-looking statements that reflect our future plans, estimates, beliefs and expected performance. The forward-looking statements are dependent upon events, risks and uncertainties that may be outside our control. We caution you that our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in these forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences are discussed elsewhere in this Quarterly Report, particularly in the “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” and in our Annual Report under the heading “Item 1A. Risk Factors,” all of which are difficult to predict. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the forward-looking events discussed may not occur. We do not undertake any obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements except as otherwise required by applicable law.

Overview

Our primary source of revenue is the sale of metallurgical coal. As of September 30, 2021, we had a 261 million ton reserve base of high-quality metallurgical coal and a development portfolio including four primary properties. Our plan is to complete development of our existing properties and grow production to approximately 5 million clean tons of metallurgical coal, subject to market conditions, permitting and additional capital deployment. We may make acquisitions of reserves or infrastructure that continue our focus on advantaged geology and lower costs.

The overall outlook of the metallurgical coal business is dependent on a variety of factors such as pricing, regulatory uncertainties and global economic conditions. Coal consumption and production in the U.S. have been driven in recent periods by several market dynamics and trends, such as the global economy, a strong U.S. dollar and accelerating production cuts.

During the third quarter of 2021, we sold 0.6 million tons of coal. Of this, 75% was sold in North American markets and 25% was sold in export markets, excluding Canada, principally to Europe, South America, Asia and Africa. During the third quarter of 2020, 69% of our sales were sold in North American markets, with the remaining 31% being sold into the export markets, excluding Canada.

At September 30, 2021, we had outstanding performance obligations for the remainder of 2021 of approximately 0.5 million tons for contracts with fixed sales prices averaging $84/ton and 0.1 million tons for contracts with index-based pricing mechanisms.

The Company was adversely affected by the deterioration and increased uncertainty in the macroeconomic outlook as a result of the impact of COVID-19. After the initial outbreak, we observed a declining demand for, and declines in the spot price of metallurgical coal as business and consumer activity decelerated across the globe. Throughout 2021, we are seeing increases in demand from our primary customers, as the global economic recovery began. U.S. steel prices have also increased significantly due to this recovery and the effects from large-scale government stimulus measures.

We continue to actively monitor the situation and may take further actions altering our business operations that we determine are in the best interests of our employees, customers, suppliers, and stakeholders, or as required by federal, state, or local authorities.

Recent Developments

2022 Domestic Sales ContractsOn October 26, 2021, Ramaco announced that it has completed 2022 sales negotiations to its North American steel customers. We have now contracted to sell 1.67 million tons of both low volatile and high volatile coal at an overall average price of roughly $196 per short ton FOB mine. These completed domestic sales represent approximately 54% of Ramaco’s projected 2022 production of 3.1 million tons.

17

Coronado Asset Purchase AgreementOn October 26, 2021, the Company entered into the Purchase Agreement with the Sellers, pursuant to which the Company will purchase certain assets from Sellers for an aggregate cash purchase price of $30 million. The closing of the transactions contemplated by the Purchase Agreement is subject to customary closing conditions. The Purchase Agreement contains representations, warranties and covenants from the Company that are customary for transactions of this type. The Acquisition is expected to close in mid-November 2021.

Dividend Initiation AuthorizationOn October 26, 2021, we announced that our Board of Directors (the “Board”) authorized the initiation of a regular quarterly dividend to be paid beginning in the first quarter of 2022. The amount of the dividend and timing of both the record date and payment date will be set at the Company’s Board meeting to be held in early December of 2021.

Amendment of Revolving Credit Facility and Term Loan —On October 29, 2021, the Company entered into an Amended and Restated Credit and Security Agreement (“the Credit Agreement Amendment”) with KeyBank, pursuant to which KeyBank agreed to increase the Company’s revolving line of credit under the Credit Agreement by $10 million to an aggregate of $40 million, of which no amounts were outstanding immediately prior to entering into the Credit Agreement Amendment. The Credit Agreement Amendment also extended the maturity date of the Revolving Credit Facility to December 31, 2024.

Results of Operations

Three months ended September 30, 

Nine months ended September 30, 

(In thousands)

    

2021

    

2020

    

2021

    

2020

    

Consolidated statement of operations data (unaudited)

 

  

 

  

  

 

  

Revenue

$

76,377

$

39,459

$

195,889

$

117,769

Costs and expenses

Cost of sales (exclusive of items shown separately below)

 

54,808

 

35,689

 

143,768

 

96,758

 

Asset retirement obligations accretion

156

 

128

 

461

 

428

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

6,751

5,258

18,861

15,601

Selling, general and administrative

 

5,895

5,966

15,767

15,723

Total costs and expenses

 

67,610

47,041

178,857

128,510

Operating income (loss)

 

8,767

 

(7,582)

 

17,032

 

(10,741)

 

Other income

 

789

1,743

7,156

11,456

Interest expense, net

 

(933)

(344)

(1,418)

(915)

Income (loss) before tax

8,623

(6,183)

22,770

(200)

Income tax expense (benefit)

 

1,588

 

(1,407)

 

1,650

 

(38)

 

Net income (loss)

$

7,035

$

(4,776)

$

21,120

$

(162)

Adjusted EBITDA

$

17,805

$

637

$

47,429

$

19,863

In each of the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2021, our net income and Adjusted EBITDA were significantly higher compared to the same periods in 2020. Sales volumes were 45% higher during the nine months ended September 30, 2021 than the same period during 2020, which was primarily a result of the effects of COVID-19. In the first nine months of 2021, we recognized a total of $5.4 million in other income for the CARES Act Employee Retention Tax Credit. The Company does not expect to qualify for the CARES Act Employee Retention Tax Credit in the fourth quarter of 2021. In the first nine months of 2020, we recognized $8.4 million in other income for the anticipated forgiveness of the PPP Loan.

18

Three Months Ended September 30, 2021 Compared to Three Months Ended September 30, 2020

Revenue. Our revenue includes sales to customers of Company produced coal and coal purchased from third parties. We include amounts billed by us for transportation to our customers within revenue and transportation costs incurred within cost of sales. Revenue per ton sold (FOB mine) and cash cost per ton sold (FOB mine) each exclude the impact of transportation billings and costs.

Coal sales information is summarized as follows:

Three months ended September 30, 

(In thousands)

    

2021

    

2020

    

Increase (Decrease)

Company Produced

 

  

 

  

 

  

Coal sales revenue

$

75,207

$

39,459

$

35,748

Tons sold

 

637

 

430

 

207

Purchased from Third Parties

 

  

 

  

 

  

Coal sales revenue

$

1,170

$

$

1,170

Tons sold

 

7

 

 

7

Coal sales revenue in the third quarter of 2021 was $76.4 million, 94% higher than in the third quarter of 2020 primarily due to increased tons sold in the third quarter of 2021 and increased revenue per tons sold (FOB Mine). Revenue per ton sold (FOB mine) increased 35% from $78/ton in the third quarter of 2020 to $105/ton in the third quarter of 2021. We sold 644 thousand tons of coal in the third quarter of 2021, a 50% increase over the same period of 2020. We benefited from improved spot and index pricing for metallurgical coal in 2021. Additionally, favorable conditions in the steel and metallurgical markets contributed to an increased demand for metallurgical coal. We expect these conditions to continue in the next quarter.

Cost of sales. Our cost of sales totaled $54.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021 as compared with $35.7 million for the same period in 2020 due to significantly higher tons sold. The cash cost per ton sold (FOB mine) for the third quarter of 2021 was $72/ton, compared with $69/ton in the third quarter of 2020. Our cash cost per ton sold in the 2021 period was primarily due to higher sales-related costs directly associated with higher revenue per ton sold in 2021. Our cash cost per ton sold (FOB mine) of company produced tons for the third quarter of 2021 was $71/ton, compared with $69/ton in the third quarter of 2020.

Asset retirement obligation accretion. Asset retirement obligation accretion was $0.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and $0.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020.

Depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization expense was $6.8 million and $5.3 million for the periods ended September 30, 2021 and September 30, 2020, respectively, primarily due to higher production volumes in the third quarter of 2021.

Selling, general and administrative. Selling, general and administrative expenses were $5.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and $6.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020.

Other income. Other income was $0.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021. For the three months ended September 30, 2020, other income was $1.7 million which includes $1.1 million for the PPP Loan forgiveness.

Interest expense, net. Interest expense, net was approximately $0.9 million during the three months ended September 30, 2021. Interest expense, net was approximately $0.3 million in the three months ended September 30, 2020. Interest expense, net was higher from the prior period primarily due to the issuance of the Notes in July 2021.

Income tax expense. During the three months ended September 30, 2021, we recognized a tax benefit of $0.2 million for legislative changes in Virginia and West Virginia . The effective tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2021, excluding discrete items, was 21%. The effective tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2020, excluding

19

discrete items, was 23%. The primary difference from the federal statutory rate of 21% is related to state taxes, permanent differences for non-deductible expenses and the difference in depletion expense between U.S. GAAP and federal income tax purposes.

Cash taxes paid for 2021 are expected to be less than $25 thousand.

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021 Compared to Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020

Revenue. Coal sales information is summarized as follows:

Nine months ended September 30, 

(In thousands)

    

2021

    

2020

    

Increase (Decrease)

Company Produced

 

  

 

  

 

  

Coal sales revenue

$

190,211

$

117,769

$

72,442

Tons sold

 

1,707

 

1,208

 

499

Purchased from Third Parties

 

  

 

  

 

  

Coal sales revenue

$

5,678

$

$

5,678

Tons sold

 

44

 

 

44

Coal sales revenue in the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was $195.9 million, 66% higher than in the same period of 2020 primarily due to increased tons sold in the third quarter of 2021 and increased revenues per ton sold (FOB mine). Revenue per ton sold (FOB mine) increased 13% from $87/ton in the nine months ended September 30, 2020 to $98/ton in the same period of 2021. We sold 1.8 million tons of coal in the nine month period ended September 30, 2021, a 45% increase over the same period of 2020. 

Cost of sales. Our cost of sales totaled $143.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 as compared with $96.8 million for the same period in 2020 due to significantly higher tons sold. The cash cost per ton sold (FOB mine) for the first nine months of 2021 was $68/ton, compared with $70/ton in the same period of 2020. Improvement in our cash cost per ton sold in the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was primarily due to higher production volumes which better leveraged our fixed costs. Our cash cost per ton sold (FOB mine) of company produced tons for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was $67/ton, compared with $70/ton in the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

Asset retirement obligation accretion. Asset retirement obligation accretion was $0.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and $0.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

Depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization expense was $18.9 million and $15.6 million for the periods ended September 30, 2021 and September 30, 2020, respectively, primarily due to higher production volumes in the first nine months of 2021 and depreciation on capital equipment placed in service.

Selling, general and administrative. Selling, general and administrative expenses were $15.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and $15.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

Other income. Other income was $7.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 primarily due to the recognition of $5.4 million for the CARES Act Employee Retention Tax Credit. For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, other income was $11.5 million, which includes recognition of $8.4 million for the anticipated forgiveness of the PPP Loan.

Interest expense, net. Interest expense, net was approximately $1.4 million in the nine month period ended September 30, 2021 and $0.9 million for the same period in 2020.

Income tax expense. During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, we recognized a tax benefit of $1.6 million for legislative changes in Virginia and West Virginia and tax expense of $0.2 million for the excess of book expense over the tax deduction for vested restricted stock awards. The effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30,

20

2021, excluding discrete items, was 13% as compared with 19% in the comparable period of 2020. The primary difference from the federal statutory rate of 21% is related to state taxes, permanent differences for non-deductible expenses and the difference in depletion expense between U.S. GAAP and federal income tax purposes.

 

Cash taxes paid for 2021 are expected to be less than $25 thousand.

21

Liquidity and Capital Resources

At September 30, 2021, we had $46.7 million of cash and cash equivalents and $27.1 million available under our existing credit agreements for future borrowings.

Significant sources and uses of cash during the first nine months of 2021

Sources of cash:

Cash flows from operating activities were $37.8 million. This included a negative impact from the primary components of our working capital (accounts receivables, inventories and accounts payable) of a net $11.7 million, primarily associated with an increase of accounts receivable and accounts payable, and an increase in our inventories.

Uses of cash:

Capital expenditures were $17.6 million, which were primarily for development of the Berwind mining complex and the Big Creek surface mine and for infrastructure at our Elk Creek mining complex.
We made net borrowings of $23.3 million primarily due to the closing of our senior unsecured notes in early July 2021 and management of our normal operating cash position.

At September 30, 2021, we also had $1.0 million of restricted cash balances, classified in other current assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheets, for potential future workers’ compensation claims.

Future sources and uses of cash

Our primary use of cash includes capital expenditures for mine development and for ongoing operating expenses. We expect to fund our capital and liquidity requirements with cash on hand, anticipated cash flows from operations and borrowings discussed in more detail below. We believe that current cash on hand, cash flow from operations and available liquidity under our existing credit agreements will be sufficient to meet our capital expenditure and operating plans.

Additional factors that could adversely impact our future liquidity and ability to carry out our capital expenditure program include:

Timely delivery of our product by rail and other transportation carriers;
Late payments of accounts receivable by our customers;
Cost overruns in our purchases of equipment needed to complete our mine development plans;
Delays in completion of development of our various mines, processing plants and refuse disposal facilities, which would reduce the coal we would have available to sell and our cash flow from operations; and
Adverse changes in the metallurgical coal markets that would reduce the expected cash flow from operations.

If future cash flows are insufficient to meet our liquidity needs or capital requirements, we may reduce our expected level of capital expenditures and/or fund a portion of our capital expenditures through the issuance of debt or equity securities, the entry into debt arrangements or from other sources, such as asset sales.

Indebtedness

Revolving Credit Facility and Term Loan—On November 2, 2018, we entered into the Credit Agreement with KeyBank. The Credit Agreement was amended on February 20, 2020 and on March 19, 2021, and consists of Term Loan

22

and the Revolving Credit Facility. All personal property assets, including, but not limited to accounts receivable, coal inventory and certain mining equipment are pledged to secure the Credit Agreement.

The Revolving Credit Facility has a maturity date of December 31, 2023 and bears interest based on LIBOR + 2.0% or Base Rate + 1.5%. Base Rate is the highest of (i) KeyBank’s prime rate, (ii) Federal Funds Effective Rate + 0.5%, or (iii) LIBOR + 2.0%. Advances under the Revolving Credit Facility are made initially as base rate loans but may be converted to LIBOR rate loans at certain times at our discretion. At September 30, 2021, there was no amount outstanding under the Revolving Credit Facility and we had remaining availability of $27.1 million.

The Term Loan is secured under a Master Security Agreement with a pledge of certain underground and surface mining equipment, bears interest at LIBOR + 5.15% and is required to be repaid in monthly installments of $278 thousand including accrued interest. The outstanding principal balance under the Term Loan was $4.2 million at September 30, 2021.

The Credit Agreement contains usual and customary covenants including limitations on liens, additional indebtedness, investments, restricted payments, asset sales, mergers, affiliate transactions and other customary limitations, as well as financial covenants. At September 30, 2021, we were in compliance with all debt covenants under the Credit Agreement.

Key Equipment Finance Loan—On April 16, 2020, we entered into an equipment loan with Key Equipment Finance, a division of KeyBank, as lender, in the principal amount of approximately $4.7 million for the financing of existing underground and surface equipment (the “Equipment Loan”). The Equipment Loan bears interest at 7.45% per annum and is payable in 36 monthly installments of $147 thousand. There is a 3% premium for prepayment of the note within the first 12 months. This premium declines by 1% during each successive 12-month period. The outstanding principal balance under the Equipment Loan was $2.6 million at September 30, 2021.

9.00% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2026On July 13, 2021, we completed an offering of $34.5 million, in the aggregate, of the Company’s 9.00% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2026 (the “Notes”), less $2.4 million for note offering costs. The Notes mature on July 30, 2026, unless redeemed prior to maturity. The Notes bear interest at a rate of 9.00% per annum, payable quarterly in arrears on the 30th day of January, April, July and October of each year, commencing on July 30, 2021. We may redeem the Notes in whole or in part, at our option, at any time on or after July 30, 2023, or upon certain change of control events, at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest to, but not including, the date of redemption The outstanding principal balance under the Notes was $34.5 million at September 30, 2021.

J. H. Fletcher & Co. Loan—On July 23, 2021, we entered into an equipment loan with J. H. Fletcher & Co., as lender, in the principal amount of approximately $1.0 million for the financing of underground equipment (the “Fletcher Equipment Loan”). The Fletcher Equipment Loan bears interest at 0% per annum and is payable in 24 monthly installments of $40 thousand. The outstanding principal balance under the Fletcher Equipment Loan was approximately $0.8 million at September 30, 2021.

Komatsu Financial Limited Partnership Loan—On August 16, 2021, we entered into an equipment loan with Komatsu Financial Limited Partnership, as lender, in the principal amount of approximately $1.0 million for the financing of surface equipment (the “Komatsu Equipment Loan”). The Komatsu Equipment Loan bears interest at 4.6% per annum and is payable in 36 monthly installments of $36 thousand for the first six months and then at $28 thousand until maturity. The outstanding principal balance under the Komatsu Equipment Loan was approximately $1.0 million at September 30, 2021.

SBA Paycheck Protection Program Loan— On April 20, 2020, we received proceeds from the PPP Loan in the amount of approximately $8.4 million from KeyBank, as lender, pursuant to the PPP of the CARES Act. The purpose of the PPP is to encourage the continued employment of workers. We used all of the PPP Loan proceeds for eligible payroll expenses, lease, interest and utility payments.

On July 29, 2021, we were notified by KeyBank that full forgiveness had been approved by the SBA.

23

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

At September 30, 2021, we had no material off-balance sheet arrangements.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Adjusted EBITDA - Adjusted EBITDA is used as a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure by management and external users of our financial statements, such as industry analysts, investors, lenders and rating agencies. We believe Adjusted EBITDA is useful because it allows us to more effectively evaluate our operating performance.

We define Adjusted EBITDA as net income plus net interest expense, stock-based compensation, depreciation and amortization expenses and any transaction related costs. A reconciliation of net income to Adjusted EBITDA is included below. Adjusted EBITDA is not intended to serve as an alternative to U.S. GAAP measures of performance and may not be comparable to similarly-titled measures presented by other companies.

Three months ended September 30, 

Nine months ended September 30, 

(In thousands)

    

2021

    

2020

    

2021

    

2020

    

Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Adjusted EBITDA

 

  

 

  

  

 

  

 

Net income (loss)

$

7,035

$

(4,776)

$

21,120

$

(162)

Depreciation and amortization

 

6,751

 

5,258

 

18,861

 

15,601

Interest expense, net

 

933

 

344

 

1,418

 

915

Income tax expense (benefit)

 

1,588

 

(1,407)

 

1,650

 

(38)

EBITDA

 

16,307

 

(581)

 

43,049

 

16,316

Stock-based compensation

 

1,342

 

1,090

 

3,919

 

3,119

Accretion of asset retirement obligation

 

156

 

128

 

461

 

428

Adjusted EBITDA

$

17,805

$

637

$

47,429

$

19,863

Non-GAAP revenue per ton - Non-GAAP revenue per ton (FOB mine) is calculated as coal sales revenue less transportation costs, divided by tons sold. We believe revenue per ton (FOB mine) provides useful information to investors as it enables investors to compare revenue per ton we generate against similar measures made by other publicly-traded coal companies and more effectively monitor changes in coal prices from period to period excluding the impact of transportation costs which are beyond our control. The adjustments made to arrive at these measures are significant in understanding and assessing our financial condition. Revenue per ton sold (FOB mine) is not a measure of financial performance in accordance with U.S. GAAP and therefore should not be considered as an alternative to revenue under U.S. GAAP.

Three months ended September 30, 2021

Three months ended September 30, 2020

Company

Purchased

Company

Purchased

(In thousands, except per ton amounts)

    

Produced

    

Coal

    

Total

    

Produced

    

Coal

    

Total

Revenue

$

75,207

$

1,170

$

76,377

$

39,459

$

$

39,459

Less: Adjustments to reconcile to Non-GAAP revenue (FOB mine)

Transportation costs

 

(8,549)

 

(209)

 

(8,758)

 

(6,051)

 

 

(6,051)

Non-GAAP revenue (FOB mine)

$

66,658

$

961

$

67,619

$

33,408

$

$

33,408

Tons sold

 

637

 

7

 

644

 

430

 

 

430

Revenue per ton sold (FOB mine)

$

105

$

138

$

105

$

78

$

$

78

24

Nine months ended September 30, 2021

Nine months ended September 30, 2020

    

Company

    

Purchased

    

    

Company

    

Purchased

    

(In thousands, except per ton amounts)

 

Produced

 

Coal

Total

 

Produced

 

Coal

Total

Revenue

$

190,211

$

5,678

$

195,889

$

117,769

$

$

117,769

Less: Adjustments to reconcile to Non-GAAP revenue (FOB mine)

Transportation costs

 

(23,624)

 

(1,180)

 

(24,804)

 

(12,611)

 

 

(12,611)

Non-GAAP revenue (FOB mine)

$

166,587

$

4,498

$

171,085

$

105,158

$

$

105,158

Tons sold

 

1,707

 

44

 

1,751

 

1,208

 

 

1,208

Revenue per ton sold (FOB mine)

$

98

$

103

$

98

$

87

$

$

87

Non-GAAP cash cost per ton sold - Non-GAAP cash cost per ton sold is calculated as cash cost of sales less transportation costs, divided by tons sold. We believe cash cost per ton sold provides useful information to investors as it enables investors to compare our cash cost per ton against similar measures made by other publicly-traded coal companies and more effectively monitor changes in coal cost from period to period excluding the impact of transportation costs which are beyond our control. The adjustments made to arrive at these measures are significant in understanding and assessing our financial condition. Cash cost per ton sold is not a measure of financial performance in accordance with U.S. GAAP and therefore should not be considered as an alternative to cost of sales under U.S. GAAP.

Three months ended September 30, 2021

Three months ended September 30, 2020

Company

Purchased

Company

Purchased

(In thousands, except per ton amounts)

    

Produced

    

Coal

    

Total

    

Produced

    

Coal

    

Total

Cost of sales

$

53,928

$

880

$

54,808

$

35,689

$

$

35,689

Less: Adjustments to reconcile to Non-GAAP cash cost of sales

Transportation costs

 

(8,548)

 

(210)

 

(8,758)

 

(6,031)

 

 

(6,031)

Non-GAAP cash cost of sales

$

45,380

$

670

$

46,050

$

29,658

$

$

29,658

Tons sold

 

637

 

7

 

644

 

430

 

 

430

Cash cost per ton sold

$

71

$

97

$

72

$

69

$

$

69

Nine months ended September 30, 2021

Nine months ended September 30, 2020

    

Company

    

Purchased

    

    

Company

    

Purchased

    

(In thousands, except per ton amounts)

 

Produced

 

Coal

Total

 

Produced

 

Coal

Total

Cost of sales

$

138,863

$

4,905

$

143,768

$

96,758

$

$

96,758

Less: Adjustments to reconcile to Non-GAAP cash cost of sales

Transportation costs

 

(23,625)

 

(1,179)

 

(24,804)

 

(12,338)

 

 

(12,338)

Non-GAAP cash cost of sales

$

115,238

$

3,726

$

118,964

$

84,420

$

$

84,420

Tons sold

 

1,707

 

44

 

1,751

 

1,208

 

 

1,208

Cash cost per ton sold

$

67

$

85

$

68

$

70

$

$

70

25

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

Quantitative and qualitative disclosures about market risk are included in Item 7A, “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk,” of our Annual Report.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

As required by Rule 13a-15(b) of the Exchange Act, we have evaluated, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report. Our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance that the information required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure, and is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the SEC. Based upon that evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report, at the reasonable assurance level.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

We regularly review our system of internal control over financial reporting and make changes to our processes and systems to improve controls and increase efficiency, while ensuring that we maintain an effective internal control environment. Changes may include such activities as implementing new, more efficient systems, consolidating activities and migrating processes.

There were no significant changes in our system of internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act) during the quarter ended September 30, 2021, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

26

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

Due to the nature of our business, we may become, from time to time, involved in routine litigation or subject to disputes or claims related to our business activities. While the outcome of these proceedings cannot be predicted with certainty, in the opinion of our management, there are no pending litigation, disputes or claims against us which, if decided adversely, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, cash flows or results of operations. For a description of our legal proceedings, see Note 8 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I of this Quarterly Report.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

In addition to the other information set forth in this Quarterly Report, you should carefully consider the risk factors and other cautionary statements described under the heading “Item 1A. Risk Factors” included in our Annual Report and the risk factors and other cautionary statements contained in our other SEC filings, which could materially affect our business, financial condition, cash flows or future results of operations.

Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial also may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition or future results. There have been no material changes in our risk factors from those described in our Annual Report.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

The information concerning mine safety violations or other regulatory matters required by Section 1503(a) of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and Item 104 of Regulation S-K is included in Exhibit 95.1 to this Quarterly Report.

27

Item 6. Exhibits

4.1

Indenture dated as of July 13, 2021, between Ramaco Resources, Inc. and Wilmington Savings Fund Society, FSB, as trustee (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 of the Company’s Form 8-K filed on July 13, 2021).

4.2

First Supplemental Indenture dated as of July 13, 2021, between Ramaco Resources, Inc. and Wilmington Savings Fund Society, FSB, as trustee (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 of the Company’s Form 8-K filed on July 13, 2021).

4.3

Form of 9.00% Senior Note due 2026 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2.1 of the Company’s Form 8-K filed on July 13, 2021).

*31.1

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

*31.2

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

**32.1

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

**32.2

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

*95.1

Mine Safety Disclosure

*101.INS

Inline XBRL Instance Document

*101.SCH

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

*101.CAL

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document

*101.DEF

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

*101.LAB

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels Linkbase Document

*101.PRE

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

104

Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)

*     Exhibit filed herewith.

**   Furnished herewith. Pursuant to SEC Release No. 33-8212, this certification will be treated as “accompanying” this Quarterly Report and not “filed” as part of such report for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act or otherwise subject to the liability under Section 18 of the Exchange Act, and this certification will not be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act, except to the extent that the registrant specifically incorporates it by reference.

28

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

RAMACO RESOURCES, INC.

November 2, 2021

By:

/s/ Randall W. Atkins

Randall W. Atkins

Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and Director

(Principal Executive Officer)

November 2, 2021

By:

/s/ Jeremy R. Sussman

Jeremy R. Sussman

Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Financial Officer)

29