BioCrude Technologies USA
U.S. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
x Quarterly Report under Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021
o Transition Report under Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act
For the Transition Period from ________ to __________
Commission File Number: 000-55818
BioCrude Technologies USA, Inc.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
|(State of incorporation)||(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)|
1255 Phillips Square, Suite 605
Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3B 3G5
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Registrant’s telephone number including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
|Title of Class||Trading Symbol||Name of each exchange on which|
Indicate by check mark whether the issuer (1) filed all reports required to be filed by Section13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act of 1934 during the past 12 months (or such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes o No x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “an accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
|Large Accelerated Filer||o||Accelerated Filer||o|
|Non-Accelerated Filer||o||Smaller Reporting Company||x|
|Emerging Growth Company||o|
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes o No x
As of March 31, 2021, the issuer had 50,680,386 shares of common stock issued and outstanding.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
|BIOCRUDE TECHNOLOGIES USA, INC.|
|CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS|
|(EXPRESSED IN US DOLLARS)|
|Property, plant and equipment||18,872||19,697|
|LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT|
|Accounts payable and accrued liabilities||$||15,741||$||21,400|
|Accounts payable and accrued liabilities - related parties (Note 6)||39,626||104,727|
|Convertible notes (Note 3)||-||-|
|Loans payable (Note 4)||141,750||152,169|
|Common stock, $0.001 par value, 75,000,000 shares authorized, 50,680,386 and outstanding (December 31, 2020 - 50,621,336)||$||50,681||$||50,622|
|Additional paid in capital||8,403,786||8,167,646|
|Accumulated other comprehensive income||28,664||28,654|
|TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT ATTRIBUTABLE TO EQUITY SHAREHOLDERS’ OF THE COMPANY||(24,604||)||(147,017||)|
|TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT||$||170,906||$||129,668|
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
|BIOCRUDE TECHNOLOGIES USA, INC.|
|CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS|
|FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2021 AND 2020|
|(EXPRESSED IN US DOLLARS)|
|General and administrative expenses||$||162,695||$||283,735|
|LOSS FROM OPERATIONS||(162,695||)||(283,735||)|
|Accretion and Interest expense||(1,101||)||(4,750||)|
|Income tax expense (Note 5)||—||—|
|OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS|
|Translation to reporting currency||14||(24||)|
|TOTAL COMPREHENSIVE LOSS||$||(163,782||)||$||(288,509||)|
|NET LOSS ATTRIBUTABLE TO|
|Equity shareholders of the Company||$||(163,796||)||$||(288,485||)|
|TOTAL COMPREHENSIVE LOSS ATTRIBUTABLE TO|
|Equity shareholders of the Company||$||(163,786||)||$||(288,502||)|
|TOTAL COMPREHENSIVE LOSS||$||(163,782||)||$||(288,509||)|
|Loss per share - basic and diluted||$||(0.00||)||$||(0.01||)|
|Weighted average number of shares outstanding – basic and diluted||50,558,161||50,516,852|
See accompanying notes to unaudited interim consolidated financial statements
BIOCRUDE TECHNOLOGIES USA, INC.
|CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT|
|(EXPRESSED IN US DOLLARS)|
|Balance at December 31, 2020||50,621,336||$||50,622||$||8,167,646||$||28,654||$||(8,343,939||)||$||(147,017||)||$||(1,611||)||$||(148,628||)|
|Stock issued for services||16,550||17||66,183||—||—||66,200||—||66,200|
|Stock issued for cash||42,500||43||169,957||—||—||170,000||—||170,000|
|Beneficial conversion feature||—||—||—||—||—|
|Foreign currency translation loss||—||—||—||10||—||10||4||14|
|Balance at March 31, 2021||50,680,386||$||50,682||$||8,403,786||$||28,664||$||(8,507,735||)||$||(24,604||)||$||(1,607||)||$||(26,211||)|
The accompanying notes to unaudited interim consolidated financial statements
BIOCRUDE TECHNOLOGIES USA, INC.
|CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS|
|FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2021 AND 2020|
|(EXPRESSED IN US DOLLARS)|
|CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:|
|Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities|
|Accretion and interest expenses||1,102||4,751|
|Stock issued for services||66,198||120,000|
|Forgiveness accrued interest||--||--|
|Changes in operating assets and liabilities|
|Accounts payable and accruals||(5,659||)||(6,838||)|
|Accounts payable and accrued liabilities - related party||(65,101||)||(97,134||)|
|Net cash used in operating activities||(165,102||)||(279,584||)|
|CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:|
|Proceeds from issuance of convertible debt|
|Proceeds from private placement||220,000||380,000|
|(Repayment) Proceeds of loans payable||(12,835||)||9,250|
|Net cash provided by financing activities||207,165||389,250|
|CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:|
|Purchase of property, plant and equipment||—||—|
|Net cash used in financing activities||—||—|
|Effect of exchange rate changes on cash||—||—|
|CHANGE IN CASH DURING THE YEAR||42,063||109,666|
|SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION:|
|Cash paid for income taxes||$||—||$||—|
|Noncash investing and financing activities:|
|Beneficial conversion feature discount related to the issuance of convertible debt||$||—||$||—|
|Conversion of convertible debt to common stock||$||—||$||—|
|Stock issued for services||$||66,198||$||66,000|
|Forgiveness accrued interest||$||—||$||—|
See accompanying notes to unaudited interim consolidated financial statements
BIOCRUDE TECHNOLOGIES USA, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
NOTE 1 – ORGANIZATION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
Nature of Operations
Biocrude Technologies USA, Inc. (the “Company”) was incorporated under the laws of the State of Nevada on December 29, 2015. The Company’s principal business objective is to provide resource management expertise and services, catering to commercial, municipal, and industrial customers, primarily in the areas of solid waste management and recycling services.
Interim Financial Statements
The unaudited interim consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). They do not include all information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. Except as disclosed herein, there have been no material changes in the information disclosed in the notes to the financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020 included in the Company’s 2020 annual report on Form 10-K, filed with the SEC. The unaudited interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with those financial statements included in Form 10-K. In the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary for fair presentation, consisting solely of normal recurring adjustments, have been made. Operating results for the three-month period ended March 31, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2021.
The Company’s consolidated financial statements are prepared on a going concern basis in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (“US GAAP”) which contemplate the realization of assets and discharge of liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business. The Company has not generated operating revenues to date and has accumulated losses of $8,507,735 since inception. The Company has funded its operations through the issuance of capital stock, convertible debt, loans, and advances from related parties. Management plans to raise additional funds through equity and/or debt financings. There is no certainty that further funding will be available as needed. These factors raise substantial doubt about the ability of the Company to continue operating as a going concern. The Company’s ability to continue its operations as a going concern, realize the carrying value of its assets, and discharge its liabilities in the normal course of business is dependent upon its ability to raise new capital sufficient to fund its commitments and ongoing losses, and ultimately on generating profitable operations.
NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of presentation and Principles of Consolidation
These consolidated financial statements and related notes are presented in accordance with US GAAP and are presented in United States dollars.
The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of its 70% owned subsidiary, Biocrude Technologies (Hong Kong) Limited (“Biocrude HK”). All significant inter-company transactions and balances have been eliminated upon consolidation.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant areas requiring management’s estimates and assumptions include determining the fair value of transactions involving shares common stock. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Fair Value Measurements
The Company adopted the provisions of ASC Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures”, which defines fair value as used in numerous accounting pronouncements, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and expands disclosure of fair value measurements.
The estimated fair value of certain financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, payables to related parties, and accounts payable and accrued expenses are carried at historical cost basis, which approximates their fair values because of the short-term nature of these instruments.
ASC 820 defines fair value as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. ASC 820 also establishes a fair value hierarchy, which requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. ASC 820 describes three levels of inputs that be used to measure fair value:
Level 1 - quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or
Level 2 - quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or inputs that are observable
Level 3 - inputs that are unobservable (for example cash flow modeling inputs based on assumptions)
The Company’s financial assets and liabilities are subsequent measured at amortized cost, but their carrying amount approximates their fair value due to the short period of time until maturity.
Foreign Currency Translation and Transaction
The Company’s presentation currency is the U.S dollar. The functional currency of Biocrude USA and Biocrude HK is U.S dollar and Hong Kong dollar, respectively. Assets and liabilities of the foreign operations are translated to the U.S dollar using the exchange rate at period end, and income, expenses and cash flow items are translated using the rate approximates the exchange rates at the dates of the transactions (i.e., the average rate for the period). All resulting exchange differences recognized directly in other comprehensive income (loss).
Transactions in currencies other than the entity’s functional currency are recorded at the rates of exchange prevailing at the dates of the transactions. At each statement of financial position date, monetary assets and liabilities are translated using the period end foreign exchange rate. Non-monetary assets and liabilities are translated using the historical rate on the date of the transaction. Non-monetary assets and liabilities that are stated at fair value are translated using the historical rate on the date that the fair value was determined. All gains and losses on translation of these foreign currency transactions are included in profit or loss.
Cash and cash equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents consist of cash balances and highly liquid instruments with an original maturity of three months or less. As at March 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company does not have cash equivalents.
Property, plant and equipment
Property, plant, and equipment are recorded at cost and depreciated to its estimated residual values using the straight-line method over its estimated useful lives of 8 years.
ASC 718, “Compensation – Stock Compensation”, prescribes accounting and reporting standards for all share-based payment transactions in which employee services are acquired. Transactions include incurring liabilities, or issuing or offering to issue shares, options, and other equity instruments such as employee stock ownership plans and stock appreciation rights. Share-based payments to employees, including grants of employee stock options, are recognized as compensation expense in the financial statements based on their fair values. That expense is recognized over the period during which an employee is required to provide services in exchange for the award, known as the requisite service period (usually the vesting period).
The Company accounts for stock-based compensation issued to non-employees and consultants in accordance with the provisions of ASC 505-50, “Equity – Based Payments to Non-Employees.” Measurement of share-based payment transactions with non-employees is based on the fair value of whichever is more reliably measurable: (a) the goods or services received; or (b) the equity instruments issued. The fair value of the share-based payment transaction is determined at the earlier of performance commitment date or performance completion date.
Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income for the years in which those differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income statement in the period that includes the date of enactment. Additionally, ASC 740: Income Taxes, requires the Company to recognize in its financial statements the impact of a tax position that is more likely than not to be sustained upon examination based on the technical merits of the position.
Effectively January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC Leases which requires a lessee to recognize the assets and liabilities that arise from leases, including operating leases. Under the new requirements, a lessee will recognize in the balance sheet a liability to make lease payments (the lease liability) and the right-of-use asset representing the right to the underlying asset for the lease term. For leases with a term of twelve months or less, the lessee is permitted to make an accounting policy election not to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities by class of underlying assets. The Company did not enter into any significant operating leases for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and did not have any significant leases as at December 31, 2020. Adoption of this standard does not have material impact on the Company’s interim consolidated financial statements.
Earnings Per Share Information
FASB ASC 260, “Earnings Per Share” provides for calculation of “basic” and “diluted” earnings per share. Basic earnings per share includes no dilution and is computed by dividing net loss available to common shareholders by the weighted average common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted earnings per share reflect the potential dilution of securities that could share in the earnings of an entity similar to fully diluted earnings per share. Basic and diluted loss per share were the same, at the reporting dates, as there were no common stock equivalents outstanding.
NOTE 3 – CONVERTIBLE NOTES
As at March 31, 2021, there are no outstanding convertible loans.
NOTE 4 – LOANS PAYABLE
As at March 31, 2021, the Company has loans payable of $114,950 (December 31, 2020 – $126,481) in principal and accrued interest of $26,790 (December 31, 2020 - $25,688) outstanding. These loans bear an average interest rate of 4%, are unsecured and have extended maturities until December 31, 2022. Included in the balance of loans payable as at March 31, 2021, $24,959 (December 31, 2020 - $32,291) was due to a director of the Company.
NOTE 5 – RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
As at March 31, 2021, the “CEO” of the Company and a director had advanced the Company a cumulative $39,626 (December 31, 2020 - $104,727) net of repayments for the payment of the Company’s operating expenses. These amounts are unsecured, without interest and payable on demand and are included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities – related parties.
NOTE 6 – SHARE CAPITAL
The Company is authorized to issue up to 75,000,000 shares of common stock at par value $0.001 per share. As at March 31, 2021, the Company had 50,680,386 (December 31, 2020 - 50,621,336) shares of common stock issued and outstanding, respectively.
In Q1 2021, the Company issued 42,500 shares of common stock at a price of $4 per share for a total of $170,000 through private placements. The Company also issued 16,550 shares of its common stock to persons for services rendered with a value of $66,200, estimated using the 10-K 2020 private placement per share value.
NOTE 7 – SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
There are no subsequent events.
This Form 10-Q includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. All statements, other than statements of historical facts, included or incorporated by reference in this Form 10-Q which address activities, events or developments which the Company expects or anticipates will or may occur in the future, including such things as future capital expenditures (including the amount and nature thereof); finding suitable merger or acquisition candidates; expansion and growth of the Company’s business and operations; and other such matters are forward-looking statements. These statements are based on certain assumptions and analyses made by the Company in light of its experience and its perception of historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments, as well as other factors it believes are appropriate under the circumstances. However, whether actual results or developments will conform with the Company’s expectations and predictions is subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, including general economic, market and business conditions; the business opportunities (or lack thereof) that may be presented to and pursued by the Company; changes in laws or regulation; and other factors, most of which are beyond the control of the Company.
These forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of predictive, future-tense or forward-looking terminology, such as “believes,” “anticipates,” “expects,” “estimates,” “plans,” “may,” “will,” or similar terms. These statements appear in a number of places in this Filing and include statements regarding the intent, belief or current expectations of the Company, and its directors or its officers with respect to, among other things: (i) trends affecting the Company’s financial condition or results of operations for its limited history; (ii) the Company’s business and growth strategies; and, (iii) the Company’s financing plans. Investors are cautioned that any such forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve significant risks and uncertainties, and that actual results may differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements as a result of various factors. Such factors that could adversely affect actual results and performance include, but are not limited to, the Company’s limited operating history, potential fluctuations in quarterly operating results and expenses, government regulation, technological change and competition.
Consequently, all of the forward-looking statements made in this Form 10-Q are qualified by these cautionary statements and there can be no assurance that the actual results or developments anticipated by the Company will be realized or, even if substantially realized, that they will have the expected consequence to or effects on the Company or its business or operations. The Company assumes no obligations to update any such forward-looking statements.
General Business Development
The Company was formed on August 4, 2015 in the State of Nevada, under the name of “BioCrude Technologies, Inc. On November 8, 2016, the Company received its “Certificate of Amendment to Articles of Incorporation” pursuant to NRS 78.385 and 78.390 to its request for a name change from “BioCrude Technologies, Inc.” to “BioCrude Technologies USA, Inc.”, whilst doing business as “BioCrude Technologies, Inc.”, as well. All of the afore-stated have been filed with SEC as part of the Company’s S-1(/A) registration statement(s).
The Company is a resource management expertise and services provider, catering to commercial, municipal, and industrial customers, primarily in the areas of solid waste management and recycling services.
BioCrude Technologies USA, Inc. has developed efficient, cost-effective, and environmentally friendly products, processes and systems for the reformation of waste material, waste management and creation of renewable energy.
The versatility and potential of the BioCrude Technologies USA, Inc. has been demonstrated by the many uses that our R&D department has already tested and verified. The avenues they have explored include sustainable and cost-efficient methods that will enlarge composting and biomethanation yields and rates of decomposition while increasing output and providing a higher quality of end product. Their focus is on waste treatment protocols for Municipal Solid Waste (“MSW”), cellulose, all organic waste and all manure types; renewable energy sources such as biogas, ethanol and biodiesel; waste water treatment, and multiple other applications.
One very important area that BioCrude Technologies USA, Inc. excels in is the reformation of MSW into renewable energy and marketable end-by-products, using its intrinsic intellectual property and know how in its “Integrated Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Proposed Complexes” for municipal applications. Understanding the non-homogenous nature and characteristics of the waste, we can define distinct processes to optimally handle the procurement of the varied categories of waste (MSW can be classified into organics, fuels, recyclables, inerts and others), once segregated with an efficient separation process and materials recovery facility (“MRF”). There is no intellectual property protection as of yet. BioCrude will be filing for certain Intellectual property and know how protection via a patent for “Integrated Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Systems”. In addition to patent applications, the Company will apply for trademark protection where appropriate.
The long-term vision of the organization is to be a world leader in the management of solid waste. Our business model will be to transform solid waste streams into renewable energy resources and marketable by-products. Conventionally, people, entities, etc.…, view solid waste streams as not only worthless refuse requiring monetary resources in order to get rid of. BioCrude, on the contrary, views this so-called refuse “as a valuable commodity”, with a negative product cost, i.e., PRODUCT COST is ZERO, with an implicit REVENUE received PER UNIT OF WASTE given for disposal (people, governments will pay entities/companies in order to get rid of the undesired waste, in the form of a “Tipping” or “Gate” fee. Global competition for limited resources is, the Company believes, creating significant business opportunities for companies that can sustain and extract value in the form of renewable energy and other marketable by-products, i.e., fertilizer, raw materials (primary feedstock for building materials), etc.…, from resources previously considered an irretrievable waste stream. BioCrude’s business strategy has been firmly tied to creating a sustainable resource management model and the Company continues to be rooted in these same tenets today. Each day the Company strives to create long-term value for all stakeholders: customers, employees, communities, and shareholders, by helping customers and communities manage their resources in a sustainable and financially sound manner.
The Company intends to achieve successful market penetration, with distinction, in numerous segments of the industry, generating escalating positive cash flows on an annual basis so that the Company becomes a competitive leading participant in the industry. Management will look to have its Integrated Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Complexes widely implemented across Africa, Asia, the Balkans and North America with a view to expanding to other international markets (Latin America), while continuing to pursue Concession Agreements under private license/joint ventures and other conventional arrangements.
Municipal Solid Waste Management is the collection, transport, processing (waste treatment), recycling or disposal of waste materials, usually ones produced by human activity, in an effort to reduce their effect on human health or local aesthetics or amenity.
Municipal Solid Waste Management (“MSWM”) is a major responsibility for local government. It is a complex task which requires appropriate organizational capacity and cooperation between numerous stakeholders in the private and public sectors.
The first goal of MSWM is to protect the health of the population, particularly that of low-income groups. Other goals include promotion of environmental quality and sustainability, support of economic productivity and employment generation.
Waste-to-energy (“W2E”) or energy-from-waste (“EfW”) is the process of creating energy in the form of electricity or heat from the incineration of waste source.
Conventional Municipal Solid Waste Management employs one or more of the following processes:
|Ø||Waste prevention, including reuse of products|
|Ø||Recycling, including composting|
|Ø||Combustion with energy recovery|
|Ø||Disposal through land-filling|
Landfilling is one of the most common ways of municipal solid waste disposal in developing countries. Air pollutants emitted from landfills contributes to the emission in the atmosphere of greenhouse gases and cause serious problems to human health.
Methane emissions from landfills are a serious environmental global concern, as it accounts for approximately 15% of current greenhouse gas emissions. Landfilling is a significant contributor to greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) accountable for approximately 5% of total GHG releases which consists of methane from anaerobic decomposition of solid waste and carbon dioxide from wastewater decomposition.
The past 20 years has seen a change in how we look at our environment. There has been a greater understanding of the economic, social and environmental risks of not managing waste.
The main drivers of the W2E market are environmental factors, regulations and legislation and economic factors.
The Stern report, published in 2006, created an authoritative and eye-opening scientific report on the challenges of climate change. The report highlighted the need to decarbonize the power sector by 60% and reduce CO2 emissions by 80% of current levels to ensure increases in global temperature do not exceed two degrees Celsius.
Regulations and Legislation
Scientific evidence, public awareness and increased levels of participation in environmental campaigning have led to governments’ worldwide implementing regulations and legislation. Examples include:
|●||EU Landfill Diversion Directive|
|●||climate change regulations|
Nota Bene: It is only in the last two decades that governments world wide have been working together to come to a consensus of standardized, environmentally friendly waste management directives, in order to become recognized and implemented practices.
Economic drivers to developing the waste and renewable energy sector have included:
|●||waste disposal and landfill gate fees/landfill tax|
|●||penalties/avoidance schemes (e.g., landfill allowance schemes and fines, carbon trading)|
Waste to Energy Market Size and Trend
Renewable Energy: According to the most recent data available from the International Energy Agency, global waste to energy power production from municipal and industrial wastes increased from 283 terawatt hours to 383 terawatt hours, a 35% increase over that period. In-depth analyses of the global market, forecasts the market will increase from approximately $27 billion in 2018 to $450 billion by 2030.
MSW Management (Tipping/Gate fees): As long as there are people in our world, there will be waste generation. Depending on the demographics of people clusters (nations), the amount of waste generated on a per capita (person) basis can vary from 0.6 kg (persons in destitute third world countries (e.g., Niamey [Niger], Juba [South Sudan], Freetown [Sierra Leone], Port-au-Prince [Haiti])) to 1.8 kg (advanced societies with flourishing economies (e.g., New York City [US], Toronto [Canada], Paris [France], Dubai [UAE]) per person per day. With an approximate current world population (census 2020) of 7.8 billion persons, there is a minimum quantum (weighted average) of about 6,000,000 tons of waste generated on a per day basis. Depending on the national budget for the level of waste management treatment implemented by a certain nation, analyses of the global market, forecasts the market will increase from approximately $45 billion in 2020 to $60 billion by 2030.
Nota Bene: The Market potential for Waste Management is not only “HUGE”, but at its infancy stage, ready to “EXPLODE”, with few credible corporations, capable of servicing same!
Source : http://www.waste-management-world.com
The market for Waste-to-Energy is dominated manly by Germen, French, American and British companies. Ex.: AE&E Group GmbH, Axpo Kompogas AG, Babcock & Wilcox Volund A/S, Bedminster International Ltd., BiogenGreenfinch, BTA International GmbH, Community Power Corporation, CNIM, Covanta Holding Corporation, EcoCorp Inc., Keppel Integrated Engineering Ltd., North American Power Group Ltd., Organic Waste Systems NV, STRABAG Umweltanlagen GmbH, Veolia Environmental Services, Waste Management Inc., and Wheelabrator Technologies Inc., among others.
Nota Bene: If you compare the technology of the Competition in juxtaposition to BioCrude’s (further elaborated upon, hereinunder, you will be able see why “BioCrude is the logical choice for the present and the future”.
Defining Waste Management for Municipal Applications
The provision of municipal solid waste services is a costly and troubling problem for local authorities everywhere. In many cities, service coverage is low, resources are insufficient, and uncontrolled dumping is widespread, with resulting environmental and health related problems, which are recognized worldwide, and cannot be neglected! Moreover, substantial inefficiencies are typically observed. Typically, worldwide, governmental waste management ordinance, surprisingly enough, encompasses inefficient waste collection, landfilling until over exhaustion, and incineration.
Out of concern for the quality of life of their residents, local municipalities bear primary responsibility for waste management. Municipalities will work with other municipal levels to identify the best collection, transportation, treatment and disposal methods for their respective jurisdictions. This includes identifying suitable sites for municipal, or regional waste management facilities, and managing and operating collection, transportation and treatment systems. To increase the environmental and economic efficiency of waste management, local municipalities will be responsible for planning waste management infrastructure and systems at the urban community and regional county municipality levels.
Biocrude, with its upgraded technologically advanced systems, can improve quality of environment, ergo, life.
Waste management planning, as well as the production of renewable energy resources, are vital issues facing any city or municipality today. We are at a time where all level of governments recognize the importance and need for waste management. Be it for financial, environmental, or health issues. Room for improvement exists for the following:
|1.||Reduction, and eventually, the elimination of landfilling, as opposed to over exhausting (substituting proposed landfill sites with other forms of development (commercial, industrial, residential, agricultural, and community developments, amongst others – real estate value).|
|2.||Reduction of Greenhouse Gases, and environmental pollutants with reference to ground and surface water contamination (percolation of contaminated leachate) alongside with the elimination of odors.|
|3.||Further enhanced separation process for MSW, which could prelude to a more optimal recycling program.|
Nota Bene: Landfilling is NOT a solution (contaminates the land forever, cost of construction, waste creation), but a deferral of a problem for future generation to handle. In essence, it is what it is; a PRACTICE that has been utilized for the longest period of time! Nothing more!
The myth that landfilling is a cost-effective solution is what it is; a myth. There are long term ramifications, especially when the landfills are not proper “Scientific Landfills” (environmental implications; rainfall, leachate, percolation, contamination (soil and water table). Even the fact that, if a Scientific Landfill is deployed (with membrane linings) at an astronomical cost (the cost of construction of a Scientific landfill, which could host approximately 2,000 TPD of waste for 25 years could costs approximately 100 MUSD), after a few earth tremors or shifting of land, the membrane could crack, or over time, the membrane will deteriorate, thus yielding the same negative environmental impacts, only deferred in time.
Another issue to address is the continual use of landfills. As time goes on, and waste is continuously generated by the populous and its activities, more and more landfills have to be created, to a point where a good part of the country will become a cemetery for garbage. Municipalities/governments must plan to integrate their waste management from a strategic and financial perspective.
BioCrude, having set as its objective the “PROFITABILITY” of the activities inherent within the realms of this sector, whilst building business relationships and addressing social implications within the collectivity’s / communities that BioCrude is called upon to serve, beyond the environmental and social implications, and beyond the business imperatives, has set as one of its priorities, the optimization of waste management and, treatment thereof, all in conformity to the boundaries of economies, efficiency and adherence to environmental wellbeing initiatives. BioCrude has been involved in the R&D of Environmental Technologies, both process and product based, whereby it has enhanced and optimized conventional technology, thus giving credence to environmental, economic, social and technological well-beings, too numerous to mention (all can be referenced, in its entirety, within BioCrude’s Integrated MSW-Energy Proposal. Shortlists of the aforesaid well-beings are summarized herein under:
|1.||Secure, cost effective long-term processing capacity for recyclables and organics.|
|2.||Improvement of effectiveness and efficiency of current waste systems/practices.|
|3.||Elimination of MSW from going to landfills.|
|4.||Procurement of Renewable Energy and Marketable by-products (fertilizer, primary feedstock for building materials, etc.…) from the exploitation of the calorific value inherent within the realms of the MSW|
|5.||Reduction of Greenhouse Gases and other environmental pollutants emitted into the atmosphere.|
|6.||Municipalities do not have to undergo cost of implementation; privatized via BOOT (Build, Own, Operate & Transfer), whereby BioCrude Technologies USA, Inc. will be lobbying to get the MSW, Land, Sewage treated Effluent and Resale of Electricity Concessions (with Sovereign Guaranties from the Ministry of Finance of the Government in question).|
|7.||Due to the profitability of the proposal, significant savings could be passed onto the Municipalities, to reduce their day to day on going expenses for Municipal Waste Management, for the duration of the BOOT (30 years), by approximately 50% per annum, via MSW Tipping (Gate) Fees (favorably outbidding the competition and still having better bottom lines than same) and the Transport of the MSW to neighboring cities/provinces (states), without forgetting to mention the reduced GHG emissions from the substitution effect of BioCrude’s Integrated MSW to Energy proposal from landfilling and/or incineration. This surplus in savings can be used for other municipal social and infrastructural programs.|
|8.||Employment opportunities are created during the EPC (Engineering, Procurement & Construction) phase of the project (a few hundred jobs) and for the day-to-day operations of the project (approximately 86 jobs per shift per 2,000 TPD Plant plus 11 persons for administration X 3 shifts per day, equating to a total quantum of a minimum of 269 persons).|
|9.||The proposed solution is an integrated MSW management system based on energy recovery that respects the norms of a Clean Design Mechanism (“CDM”) inherent within the realms of article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol (“UNFCCC”) or any future proposed legislation regarding same, and qualifies for Carbon Emissions Reduction Credits (“CER’s”).|
Municipal Solid Waste
All solid waste generated in an area except industrial and agricultural wastes, typically from residences, commercial or retail establishments. Sometimes includes construction and demolition debris and other special wastes that may enter the municipal waste stream. The EPA (1998c) defined municipal solid waste as “a subset of solid waste and as durable goods (e.g., appliances, tires, and batteries), non-durable goods (e.g., newspapers, books, and magazines), containers and packaging, food wastes, yard trimmings, and miscellaneous organic wastes from residential, commercial and industrial non-process sources.
The MSW can be classified in the following categories:
Each category has its own distinct composite classification. To achieve an optimal Waste to Energy procurement, one has to analyze separately the inherent category contributions to energy yield and its correlated technological process of extraction in obtaining same in the most economical sense available; thus, the importance of segregating the MSW into the appropriate categories of distinct feedstock is of principal importance for optimal performance in the appropriate technological processes.
In BioCrude’s MSW-Energy initiative, BioCrude Technologies USA, Inc. incorporated the following technologies in the Integrated Municipal Waste Processing (Waste to Energy) Complex in order to optimize the treatment process in an environmentally friendly manner by whilst optimizing the Revenue Model of same, and in turn, pass some of the savings back to the municipalities while still earning an impressive bottom line in juxtaposition to what the competition has to offer with regards to landfilling and incineration:
|1.||Separation of Waste Facility (Materials Recovery Facility)|
|2.||Refuse Derived Fuel (“RDF”) Plant in order to handle the fuels of the MSW and produce Energy with an ash by-product|
|3.||Bio-Methanation Plant in order to handle the organic fraction of the MSW (OFMSW) to produce Energy with a fertilizer by-product|
|4.||Composting Facility (maximum 50 TPD) in order to handle a percentage of the OFMSW alongside with the small particles (plastics, ceramics...) that could not be efficiently separated within the separation process of the MSW (fuels in the Bio Methanation plant (plug flow digester) inhibit the process). The economies are no longer apparent in Composting facilities surpassing the 50 TPD capacities.|
With BioCrude’s Integrated MSW to Energy proposal/initiative, BioCrude attempts to service each category of the MSW in order to optimally utilize all renewable resources from same to procure renewable energy and marketable by-products (fertilizer, ash, etc.).
It is very important to note that the Separation Process of the MSW into the appropriate feedstock categories for each distinct process (organics for biomethanation (as well as for composting), and polymer based hydro-carbons and cellulose based products for RDF process) is of the utmost importance. Failure to do so can lead to complications and inevitable failure of each process in question. Evidence of Success and failure stories (especially with biomethanation plants, whereby the feedstock generated from MSW (organic fraction) had traces of more than 10% of polymer based products and/or inerts, thus inhibiting and/or limiting the viability of same) as can be found all over the world, and each outcome, in essence, can be summarized by Plant Technology Implementation and Feedstock Preparation (do not mix up technology viability with technology implementation and operation).
Nota Bene: With gasification and/or incineration (mass burn), MSW is dumped into the boiler “as is” and combusted at temperatures ranging from 800 – 12000C (minimum; plasma arc gasification temperatures range from 7,000 – 10,0000C). All waste is burned yielding an approximate net yield of energy for reuse (after self-consumption) of 30 – 40%. The organic fraction of the MSW (OFMSW) is burned, whereby the fertilizer potential via a biomethanation process (cooking) is substituted for an ash from the gasification/incineration process (es). Let us not even entertain what happens to the methane potential of same via gasification/incineration in lieu of biomethanation; LOST! Bottom line, “Potential Revenues” lost and operational costs of gasification/incineration processes are increased dramatically, up to the point where one has to substitute more energy (fuel) in order to sustain continuity of operation and/or to substitute the self-consumption energy requirements of the processes when the varying calorific value of a sample of the waste is deficient for same. One can do their own sensitivity analysis to evaluate same and come to their own conclusions! BioCrude’s Integrated MSW-Energy Solution evolves from first principles of Science, Chemistry, Engineering, Economics and Common Sense!
The Organics portion of the MSW is treated via a biomethanation process, whereby all methane gas is extracted for the eventual realization of renewable energy creation, and a fertilizer procured as an additional by-product, which can be marketed to the agricultural industry.
The polymer-based (hydro-carbon chain), cellulose and textiles portion of the MSW will be treated via an RDF process (a derivative of gasification, but with the incorporation of a Materials Recovery Facility (MRF) [Separation process], where we have the luxury of operating at lower temperatures (350 – 4000C) because of the separation of the MSW, i.e. lower temperatures reflects less operational self-consumption, hence more outputs (energy) for resale), whereby the thermal combustion will generate renewable energy and the by-product of ash can be marketed to the construction industry for the following purposes:
|●||Concrete production, as a substitute material for Portland cement and sand|
|●||Embankments and other structural fills (usually for road construction)|
|●||Grout and Flowable fill production|
|●||Waste stabilization and solidification|
|●||Cement clinkers production - (as a substitute material for clay)|
|●||Stabilization of soft soils|
|●||Road sub base construction|
|●||As Aggregate substitute material (e.g. for brick production)|
|●||Mineral filler in asphaltic concrete|
|●||Agricultural uses: soil amendment, fertilizer, cattle feeders, soil stabilization in stock feed yards, and agricultural stakes|
|●||Loose application on rivers to melt ice|
|●||Loose application on roads and parking lots for ice control|
|●||Other applications include cosmetics, toothpaste, kitchen counter tops, floor and ceiling tiles, bowling balls, flotation devices, stucco, utensils, tool handles, picture frames, auto bodies and boat hulls, cellular concrete, geopolymers, roofing tiles, roofing granules, decking, fireplace mantles, cinder block, PVC pipe, Structural Insulated Panels, house siding and trim, running tracks, blasting grit, recycled plastic lumber, utility poles and cross arms, railway sleepers, highway sound barriers, marine pilings, doors, window frames, scaffolding, sign posts, crypts, columns, railroad ties, vinyl flooring, paving stones, shower stalls, garage doors, park benches,|
The fly ash can also be marketed to the agricultural industry for the following purposes:
|●||It improves permeability status of soil|
|●||Improves fertility status of soil (soil health) / crop yield|
|●||Improves soil texture|
|●||Reduces bulk density of soil|
|●||Improves water holding capacity / porosity|
|●||Optimizes pH value|
|●||Improves soil aeration and reduces crust formation|
|●||Provides micro nutrients like Fe, Zn, Cu, Mo, B, Mn, etc.|
|●||Provides macro nutrients like K, P, Ca, Mg, S etc.|
|●||Works as a part substitute of gypsum for reclamation of saline alkali soil and lime for reclamation of acidic soils|
|●||Surface cover of bio reclaimed vegetated ash pond get stabilized and can be used as recreational park|
|●||Ash ponds provides suitable conditions and essential nutrients for plant growth, helps improve the economic condition of local inhabitants|
|●||Works as a liming agent|
|●||Helps in early maturity of crop & improves the nutritional quality of food crop|
|●||Reduces pest incidence|
There is a definite market for the fly ash by-product; the industry players in the global market place have to be clearly identified for the realization of commercialization. BioCrude can even offer this ash by-products pro-bono to the industry or landfill, for there is no environmental hazard of same.
The recyclables can be easily sold to the recyclable industry milieu (metals, glass, ceramics, etc.)
The balance of the inerts (Construction and Demolition Debris, gravel, sand, bricks, etc.) can either be landfilled with no negative environmental impacts, or crushed and given to companies specializing in the fabrication of construction materials (if a market is identified, BioCrude can offer them these by-products (crushed or uncrushed).
BioCrude’s Integrated MSW to Energy Complex for Municipal Applications
BioCrude’s solution of an Integrated Municipal Solid Waste to Energy complex is in line with the present trends in the Municipal Solid Waste (“MSW”) industry and the main advantage of same is that it is comprised of a Materials Recovery Facility (“MRF”) and different modular waste treatment processes (Composting, Bio-methanation and Refuse Derived Fuel (“RDF”)) and a power station, in order to treat the MSW and procure renewable energy and other marketable by-products (compost, ash and certain recyclables) with the added implication of practically zero-landfill policy (less certain inerts which have zero negative environmental impact, if landfilled).
The material components (modules) of an Integrated Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Complex are detailed as follows:
|1.||Entrance to complex: Kiosk and weighbridge (reception/departure and weighing of garbage trucks (pre-and-post deposit of MSW at the MSW Storage facility).|
|2.||MSW Storage facility: Closed and properly ventilated warehouse facility for receiving and storing just in time (JIT) 3 days’ inventory of MSW. MSW is moved from the storage facility and moved via machinery and conveyor belts to the Materials Recovery facility.|
|3.||Materials Recovery facility (MRF): a properly ventilated facility that houses different types of machinery/equipment (either procured from suppliers or built in-situ according to plan specifications) requisite for different facets of the separation process of the MSW into the distinct categories of the waste (organics, hydro-carbon polymer based, cellulose, inerts, miscellaneous (batteries, cadavers, etc.…)) and prepare same as the distinct feedstock for the different waste treatment processes (Composting, Biomethanation and Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF)), as well as separate the recyclables for resale and the inerts (elements of construction and demolition debris that are not recyclable) for landfilling or to be crushed and given/sold (negligible in nature in comparison to the revenue model established by the tipping fees, and resale of electricity and compost) to the secondary markets for the manufacturing of building materials.|
|4.||Composting facility: A portion of the land concession will host a type of composting system (Windrow [with procured mechanical mixing machinery (trucks) like compost turners or tub/horizontal grinders] or Static Aerated Piles [aeration system such as installed perforated piping to ensure steady oxygen supply (forced air) for the microorganisms and to reduce moisture content]), depending on BioCrude’s evaluation of the waste analysis. A fertilizer will be procured, dried and stored in a warehousing facility for by-products.|
|5.||Biomethanation facility: Modular digesters are constructed in series and synchronized in operation in order to receive organics and process same to extract and capture the methane gas which will be piped to the Biogas – RDF power plant (will be combusted for the procurement of renewable energy) and in addition, yield a cured fertilizer which will be dried and stored in the warehousing facility for by-products.|
|6.||RDF facility: A refuse derived fuel system (gasification derivative) will be procured and installed. The RDF facility will receive the hydro-carbon polymer and cellulose based waste products that will be used to make RDF pellets (compressed and dried) that will be used as the feedstock for combustion within same to generate renewable energy within the Biogas – RDF power plant.|
|7.||RDF – Biogas power plant: will be procured and installed within a certain section of the Complex with a dedicated Distributed Control System (DCS) for the MSW-Energy (RDF & Biogas based) power plant & fuel processing plant (controls & instrumentation for the boiler and turbine, instrumentation for the balance of the power plant and control room).|
|8.||Internal roads: will be constructed within the complex for vehicle/truck transport/passage within the complex.|
|9.||Green Belt: will be developed for aesthetic purposes and municipal environmental conformities.|
The Company’s business model is designed to create a profitable revenue stream through the direct acquisition of Concession Agreements from different Governments for the implementation of BioCrude’s integrated MSW-Energy Complexes. Our products, processes and services, marketed to the relevant target audience, enable us, to generate multiple revenue streams and consistent profitability derived from the high gross profit inherent within the realms of our proprietary products, services and applications.
By acquiring the necessary Concession (MSW, Land and Supply of Treated Effluent) and Power Purchase Agreements (PPA), from the respective governmental authorities of a certain country, with Sovereign Guarantees (with right of subrogation), the Company will develop its Integrated Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Complex, under “BOOT” (Build, Own, Operate & Transfer) basis.
The following contractual understandings are the key prerequisite elements for establishing a mutual meeting of the minds, by and between BioCrude Technologies USA, Inc. and the governmental authorities of a municipality/country, for the successful realization of BioCrude’s MSW-Energy Complexes:
|1.||MSW Concession for the guaranteed delivery of MSW to the Complex with an implied base tipping fee per tonne (“Put or Pay”) with annual escalations for the term (30 years) of the project with an option of renewal for an additional term (30 years) and Sovereign Guarantees from the Minister of Finance endorsing same.|
|2.||Land Lease Concession for the delivery of the required amount of land for project term (30 years), at an annual symbolic lease rate of $1/amount of land delivered/annum, with an option of renewal for an additional term (30 years).|
|3.||Supply of Treated Effluent Concession whereby the governmental authorities will supply the necessary treated water in order to fulfill the operational requirements of the MSW to Energy complex at a negligible symbolic annual rate for the term of the project with an option of renewal for an additional term (30 years).|
|4.||Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) [resale of procured electricity to the Power Corporation of the country in question], whereby the Power Corporation of a certain country will buy back the electricity produced by the MSW to Energy Complex at a base rate per kW-hr (“Take or Pay”), with annual escalations for the term (30 years) of the project with an option of renewal for an additional term (30 years) and Sovereign Guarantees from the Minister of Finance endorsing same.|
|5.||Assistance from the Appropriate Governmental Ministries and Municipalities in obtaining all necessary permits and clearances for the Construction and Operation of the MSW-Energy Complex (stipulations in contracts).|
Nota Bene: Depending on country policy on foreign investment, the Company may request or be granted an exemption of taxes, levies, duties and all other relevant taxes applicable to the importation of all plant, materials, equipment and rolling stock for the Construction of the MSW-Energy complex, from the appropriate Ministries, related thereto.
All of the aforesaid Concession agreements have to be granted at the same time in order for BioCrude to successfully realize the development (Engineering, Procurement and Construction) and operation of the MSW to Energy complex (the “Sovereign Guarantees” and right of subrogation are critical and paramount for the funding requirements of the MSW to Energy complex).
The global Waste to Energy segment of the waste management industry is the target market BioCrude addresses. Management is confident it will succeed in having its integrated systems and processes widely implemented across Africa, Asia, the Balkans, the GULF and North America with a view to expanding to other international markets (Latin America). The Company’s first step in penetrating its target market has been taken with the signing of Concession Agreements with the country of the Union of the Comoros (Autonomous Island of Grande Comore); signed January 11, 2016.
Strategies of the Company
BioCrude’s strategy is designed to create a “PROFITABLE” revenue stream through the direct acquisition of Concession Agreements from different Governments, for the implementation of BioCrude’s integrated MSW-Energy Complexes, or through the establishment of unique and strategic alliances via licensing arrangements and/or joint ventures within the industry milieu.
BioCrude has developed what we believe is a highly effective marketing strategy, built on a proactive direct marketing campaign with Government, large corporate facility management that target the sector for waste product treatment and reformation. The Company believes that this will result in a development of a marketing and distribution network with extensive coverage of the Company’s target market at a minimal expense, allowing the Company to reach profitability. We believe that our marketing strategy will permit us to generate an extensive customer/end user base; however, there can be no assurance that our estimate regarding acceptance of our products and services will be correct.
The Company’s long-term strategy is to create economically beneficial uses for waste streams through resource transformation solutions. Since the value of marketable by-products (commodities; renewable energy, fertilizer, primary feedstock for building materials, etc.…), after processing costs, is a significant and absolute amount, in juxtaposition to disposal options (ZERO), such as landfilling or incineration, the Company believes this strategy is effective long-term. The Company believes that as carbon taxes or cap and trade systems are implemented and the demand for commodities rises, economics will further favor this strategy. The Company is also focusing on lowering the cost of resource transformation solutions by reducing its recycling processing operating costs, examining ways to mitigate commodity price fluctuations (forward contracts for marketable by-products), and developing new processing technologies. These steps will help to build an effective business model at lower commodity pricing levels.
The Company is focused on four main areas to improve the performance of base operations and hence, increase cash flow generation. They are Pricing initiatives, Cost controls and operating efficiencies, Integrated Waste to Energy development initiatives with long term Concession Agreements and, Asset Management.
BioCrude has developed a number of Lobbying (Sales/Solicitation) programs and the standardization of same. We believe that the pricing logic used in our fee structures, with implied “Put or Pay” and “Take or Pay” provisions for the supply of feedstock and resale of outputs (renewable energy), respectively, is not only reasonable, but competitive. We expect to continue to add valued ameliorations to our structured fee-based pricing of products and services. The goal of our pricing program is to generate price increases in excess of CPI, whilst being competitive in nature. BioCrude will derive revenues from a combination of commodity sales (Marketable by-products – fertilizer and energy resale), carbon credits (CER’s under the auspices of a “Clean Development Mechanism” (CDM project)) and tipping (gate) and material processing fees. Fluctuations in commodity pricing are managed by a number of risk mitigation strategies including: financial hedging instruments (transfer of foreign exchange risk), floor prices, forward sales contracts, and index purchases. The goal is to optimize and stabilize the revenue stream, while still being competitive, net of cost of operations, and generate consistent positive cash flows.
The Company continues to search for the best continuous improvement practices and programs as solutions to then implement as part of its corporate governance. The goals of these practices and programs are to enhance customer service, increase safety for employees, and to reduce operating and administrative costs. The Company has implemented continuous improvement strategies, and as such, as of date, the Company has introduced select operating efficiency initiatives in safety, productivity, maintenance, customer service, environmental compliance, and procurement.
Prior Activities of BioCrude Canada
Within certain countries, if an entity wants to pursue certain specialized works, it is recommended that the entity establish a presence within same (establish a corporation with a civic address). As an example, in 2009, this was done in Romania with the anticipation that BioCrude Canada would be successful in acquiring the concession agreements from the governmental authorities of Romania. BioCrude was not successful in meeting its objective in Romania for same and stopped its lobbying works for the pursuit of said engagement by and between the Governmental authorities of Romania and BioCrude for the implementation of BioCrude’s proposed MSW to Energy complex in Romania, closed its preliminary office and the corporation became dormant.
Since July 2008, BioCrude Canada has taken the initiative to market and promote its intellectual property and specialized technical expertise throughout the market place, both nationally and globally (we have introduced our technology to Governments and major Conglomerates in the Waste to Energy sector) in over 30 Countries worldwide, whereby BioCrude has successfully opened up dialogue with Governmental Authorities and respectable corporations for near future contractual negotiations.
In December, 2007, Jaipuria Advanced Technologies, Inc. (http://www.jaipuria-group.com and http://www. smvjaipuria.com/waste.php) of India, and BioCrude Canada, announced their formation of a new division dedicated to Waste Reformation and Energy Procurement for the purpose of pursuing contracts in India. In many areas of the country, waste management and energy shortages are a serious problem. With Jaipuria’s construction and large project experience, and with the use of the intellectual property supplied by BioCrude in terms of waste management and production of renewable energy, we have, in January, 2008, submitted a bid, in response to a tender for a Waste to Energy plant (2,000 TPD) in Okhla and Tymarpur, India (we were not the selected candidate) and Indore, India (Collection and Treatment of municipal waste; 600 TPD; we were not the selected candidate).
During this time, we have also negotiated with “Pepsi Co India” to build a 50 TPD prototype in the city of Panipat, India, in a strategic joint venture alliance. A few months later, Pepsi Co India’s New President/CEO had a change of corporate venue and put aside the Waste to Energy initiative. Ever since then, BioCrude Technologies, Inc. (Canada) decided not to pursue any more works in India.
The Company, through its commercialization efforts, has established good relationships with governments and ministries in more than 70 countries in North America, Latin America, Asia, Africa and Europe and received a positive reception when presented with its waste to energy solution for their waste management dilemmas. This produced dozens of Letters of Interest, submitted to BioCrude, by different divisions of Governments (federal/municipal) from different countries, worldwide.
2009 – 2020 - Marketing and Commercialization: BioCrude presented its waste to energy solution to governments and ministries from USA, Canada and Mexico in North America, Costa Rica, Panama, Ecuador, Argentina, Peru, Brazil, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Colombia, Venezuela, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, El Salvador, Cuba, Uruguay, Bahamas and Trinidad & Tobago in Latin America, China, Hong Kong, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Vietnam, Indonesia, Philippines, India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan in Asia, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar, Jordan, Oman, and Bahrain in the Middle East, Portugal, Luxembourg, Belgium, Hellenic Republic, Malta, Corsica, Albania, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, FYROM (Macedonia), Spain, Montenegro, Kosovo, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Latvia, Armenia, amongst other countries, in Europe, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Senegal, Benin, Angola, Niger, Guinea, Mali, Uganda, Burundi, Rwanda, Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Kenya, Ethiopia, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa), Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville), amongst other countries in Africa.
BioCrude has developed a number of sales/solicitation programs and the standardization of the sales/solicitation process and standardized the sales/solicitation process. We believe that the pricing logic used in our fee programs, with implied “Put or Pay” and “Take or Pay” provisions for the supply of feedstock and resale of outputs (renewable energy), respectively, is reasonable and competitive. We expect to continue to add to our fee-based pricing through additional administrative fees, recycling fees, late charges and further improvements to our existing fee structures. The goal of our pricing program is to generate price increases in excess of CPI. BioCrude will derive revenues from a combination of commodity sales (Marketable by-products – fertilizer and energy resale), carbon credits (CER’s under the “Clean Development Mechanism” established pursuant to article 12 of the “Kyoto Protocol” (CDM project)) and tipping fees paid for material processing. Fluctuations in commodity pricing are managed by a number of risk mitigation strategies including: financial hedging instruments (transfer of foreign exchange risk), Sovereign Guarantees, floor prices, forward sales contracts, index purchases, and tipping fees. The goal is to smooth revenue, net of cost of products purchased, and generate consistent cash flows.
Cost controls and operating efficiencies
The Company continues to search for the best practices throughout the entire organization and then implements these solutions through standardized continuous improvement programs. The goals of these programs are to enhance customer service, increase safety for employees, and to reduce operating and administrative costs. The Company has implemented continuous improvement strategies and the introduction of select operating efficiency initiatives in safety, productivity, maintenance, customer service, environmental compliance, and procurement.
Integrated Waste to Energy development initiatives with long term Concession Agreements
BioCrude excels is the reformation of MSW using its intrinsic intellectual property as well as its expertise in Integrated Waste to Energy Processing Complexes. BioCrude has and will continue to invest time, effort and valuable resources in the pursuit of Governmental Concession (MSW, Land, Supply of Treated Effluent and Power Purchase Agreements (PPA)) Agreements, for the duration of twenty-five to thirty years, for the implementation of same. The essence of the Concession Agreements, not only guarantees the MSW and implied tipping fees, related thereto (with annual indexing), but the resale of the marketable by-products (energy to grid via PPA) for the duration of the term, with Sovereign Guarantees. Investments in Waste to Energy facilities position the Company well for the evolution of the industry from waste management to resource management.
Company milestones and plan of execution
During the past 10 years, BioCrude has developed a reputation in waste management, a result of R&D of Environmental Technologies (both process and product based) whereby it has enhanced and optimized conventional technologies, augmented by its fungal technology that increases the rate of decomposition of organics. This led to the development of efficient, cost-effective, and environmentally friendly products, processes and systems for the reformation of waste material and the creation of renewable energy and marketable by-products.
BioCrude’s MSW to Energy initiative is, by definition, an “en suite” of waste management and energy procurement, whereby the latter is a marketable byproduct derived from the intrinsic processes of the treatment of the MSW by procuring the necessary constituent feedstock (primary material) to produce the renewable energy in the modular section for power generation of the Integrated MSW to Energy complex. In order to realize an integral MSW to Energy complex, as defined in the “Business Model” of the registration statement, all Concession Agreements (guarantee of MSW supply, Land and Supply of Treated Effluent) as well as a Power Purchase Agreement must be contracted concurrently, for they are “ALL” necessary constituent elements for the development of an integrated MSW to Energy complex i.e., you cannot have some or most of the agreements (Concessions/PPA) in place, but must have “ALL” in place, at the same time, simply because of the nature of the project in question.
BioCrude’s revenue model is based on revenue generation from the following: i) the operation of MSW to Energy complexes (tipping fees, resale of renewable energy, resale of other marketable by-products (compost, recyclables) and potential carbon credits, ii) Joint Venture license fees, whereby the prospective Joint Venture partner will buy a license from BioCrude (payment to be effected immediately after signature) for their participation in the consortium and will infuse its prorated share of equity capital for the potential MSW to Energy complex, and iii) EPC (“Engineering, Procurement & Construction) management fees (general contracting fees, approximately 20% of the capital cost of the project).
In order to realize an integrated MSW to Energy complex, as defined in the “Business Model”, all Concession Agreements (guarantee of MSW supply, Land and Supply of Treated Effluent) as well as a Power Purchase Agreement must be contracted concurrently, for they are “ALL” necessary constituent elements for the development of an integrated MSW to Energy complex.
In order to acquire the concessions for Biocrude waste management (MSW to Energy), major lobbying must be done in all levels of government and ministries (e.g., Biocrude’s waste management project is an environmental project thus requiring the intervention of the Ministry of Environment, renewable energy is procured, hence requiring the intervention of the Ministry of Energy/Power and Power Corporation (usually crown corporation), the municipalities usually are responsible for the granting of the MSW, Land and Supply of Treated Effluent Concessions and the Ministry of Finance is responsible for the signing of the Sovereign Guarantees, and in some instance, countries might have other intervening governmental agencies).
BioCrude has positioned itself, through its continual lobbying efforts (ongoing), for potential Joint Ventures (JV) with certain governments (countries/clients). Should any of these Joint Ventures prove to be realized because of the persistent lobbying activities, not only will BioCrude be able to realize the EPC management fee for the development of the MSW to Energy complex(es), but it will also receive its prorate share (50%) of the revenue stream of the developed MSW to Energy complex(es), with similar time frame frequencies as mentioned above, as well as a license fee (BioCrude already submitted offers) immediately following signature of the Joint Venture engagement and the Concession and Power Purchase agreements. BioCrude anticipates, that if the prospective JV partner(s) take the initiative to implement (not only entertain) a waste management solution for their country, possible engagement can be realized within 6 to 12 months following that initiative (being cognizant of bureaucracy and red tape procedures of government).
As part of BioCrude’s marketing strategy, BioCrude invests time, effort and resources in order to prepare tailor made prefeasibility studies, presentations & educational literature for municipalities worldwide, and sends corporate delegations to these places for presentation of same, at no expense to these governmental institutions. This attribute of BioCrude’s direct marketing campaign has proven to be very successful. Governments worldwide were not only receptive, but appreciative of BioCrude’s formal and professional address. These efforts have given BioCrude a profound understanding of the challenges faced by governments at all levels in their dealings with waste management issues.
A vote of confidence has been bestowed to BioCrude by the governmental authorities of the Autonomous Island of Grande Comore on its proposed integrated waste management solution for the Autonomous Island of Grande Comore through the awarding of the necessary Concession Agreements (delivery of MSW, Land and Supply of Treated Effluent) for 30 years (with a renewal option of 30 years) with Sovereign Guarantees for the implementation (design, build, finance and operate) of a 700 TPD Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Complex, in the city of Moroni, Autonomous Island of Grande Comore, Union of the Comoros. Furthermore, a Power Purchase Agreement has been signed with the “Le Gestion de l’Eau et de l’Électricité aux Comores (MA-MWE)” whereby same will buy back all procured renewable energy from the MSW to Energy complex for the term of the Concessions (and renewal option).
BioCrude, subject to its contractual engagement with the Government of the Autonomous Island of Grande Comore for the implementation of a 700 TPD MSW to Energy complex in Moroni, Grande Comore, through the financing provisions of the MSW to Energy project, will earn the EPC management/general contracting fee of approximately twenty percent (20%) of the capital cost of the MSW to Energy project (prorated over the duration of the construction period), i.e., commencing within 6 to 8 months from these presences.
Nota Bene: For the Union of the Comoros, the Company is still awaiting documents from the Federal Governmental Authorities stating that the Federal Government is the new Intervening Party to the Concession(s) agreements previously signed with the Governorate (province; autonomous region) of Moroni, after the outcome of the Federal Referendum, whereby through same, contracting and economic powers are transferred from the Governorate (Province) level to that of Federal level. The Referendum outcome favored the Federal Government over that of the Governorate (Autonomous) Region of Moroni, i.e., authorizing documents are still pending.
BioCrude, as well, is looking at approximately 24 to 26 months (development time frame for the realization of MSW to Energy complex) before it can start generating absolute, guaranteed revenues from the operation of the MSW to Energy complex(es) (tipping fees/fees from the resale of marketable by-products (compost, ash, primary feedstock for building materials (inerts), recyclables, etc…), resale of renewable energy and carbon emission reduction credits [CERs]), servicing the waste management needs of the Government of the Union of the Comoros, as per the provisions and stipulations of the contractual engagements with the government (with implied sovereign guarantees), for a minimum guaranteed term of 30 years (and an option for an additional 30 years).
BioCrude is evaluating additional options for funding (capital markets, financial institutions, contracting companies, pension funds, etc.…amongst other financially engineered hybrid scenarios thereof) and has already opened up dialogue regarding same. BioCrude has received a term sheet for the funding of the MSW to Energy project for the Union of the Comoros, ergo, BioCrude will shortly be able to commence works for ground breaking and start receiving its (Engineering, Procurement and Construction) EPC management fee as its first projected revenue stream on a prorate schedule subject to a disbursement schedule in accordance to the terms and stipulations of the expected offer of funding.
BioCrude, with confidence, aims to be a leader in waste management, having set as its objective, the profitability inherent within the realms of the activities issued of this sector, while building business relationships and social implications within the collectivity’s/communities that BioCrude is called upon to serve, beyond the environmental and social implications, and beyond the business imperatives.
BioCrude has adopted a directive, as part of its corporate governance, to routinely undertake innovative strategic planning initiatives in order to design and implement integrated solid waste systems that are responsive to dynamic demographic and industrial growth needs of municipalities. Strategic planning starts with the formulation of long-term goals based on the local urban needs, followed by a medium and short-term action plan to meet these goals. The strategy and action plans should identify a clear set of integrated actions, responsible parties and needed human, physical and financial resources as part of the waste management solution.
BioCrude has not only demonstrated its proven ability to open up dialogue and develop relationships with the various divisions of Governments worldwide (Administrative and Technical) but has also developed confidence in same for potential and eventual engagement. BioCrude’s Public Relations and Business Development divisions have demonstrated their lobbying abilities as highly effective, efficient and productive in yielding results and establishing goodwill for BioCrude.
At present, the provisioning for waste treatment and “green” reformation of these products into renewable energy sources is regionalized and within a given geographic region of operations, can be competitive. However, we believe that there are no other entities that provide turnkey solutions targeted to all types and sizes of users. However, there are waste treatment providers that may elect to enter into this designated market if our model is successful. We compete on the basis of engineering uniqueness, quality, cost-effectiveness and the increasingly comprehensive and specialized nature of our services, along with the expertise, technology and professional support we offer. While we believe that we will have a competitive cutting-edge advantage by being the most specialized in the market, there can be no assurance that our assumptions regarding our competitive position will be proven correct.
We will require additional capital to meet our liquidity needs. Currently, the Company has determined that its anticipated monthly cash flow needs should not exceed $30,000 per month for twelve months following the filing date of these financial statements.
The Company’s projected capital needs and its projected increase in expenses are based upon the Company’s projected acquisition of Municipal Solid Waste, Land and Supply of Treated Effluent Concessions and Power Purchase Agreements (“PPA”) per facility interests over the coming twelve months; however, in the event that the full offering proceeds are not raised, the Company would acquire the Municipal Solid Waste, Land and Supply of Treated Effluent Concessions and PPA per facility at a slower pace and/or focus its energies on the refinement of existing properties to maximize their productivity. The Company’s success does not depend on a scheduled acquisition and therefore it has flexibility to scale back its expenses to meet actual sources of cash.
We anticipate that we will receive sufficient proceeds from investors through this offering, to continue operations for at least the next twelve months; however, there is no assurance that such proceeds will be received and there are no agreements or understandings currently in effect from any potential investors. It is anticipated that the Company will receive increasing revenues from operations in the coming year; however, since the Company has a short history of revenues, it is difficult to anticipate what those revenues might be, if any, and therefore, management has assumed for planning purposes only that it may need to sell common stock, take loans or advances from officers, directors or shareholders or enter into debt financing agreements in order to meet our cash needs over the coming twelve months. The Issuer has no agreements or understandings for any of the above-listed financing options.
The Use of Proceeds section includes a detailed description of the use of proceeds over the differing offering scenarios of 100%, 75%, 50% and 25%. As the Company’s expenses are relatively stable, not incorporating elements of severe force majeure, the Company believes it can fund its present operations with projected revenues together with offering proceeds under any of the offering scenarios. The Company will consider raising additional funds during 2021 through sales of equity, debt and convertible securities, if it is deemed necessary.
The Company’s belief is based on its business model, which in turn is based on assumptions, which may prove to be incorrect. As a result, the Company’s financial resources may not be sufficient to satisfy its capital requirements for this period, and may need to raise additional funds. If additional funds are raised through the issuance of equity, equity-related or debt securities, such securities may have rights, preferences or privileges senior to those of the rights of the common stock and the Company’s shareholders may experience additional dilution. Management cannot be certain that additional financing will be available on favorable terms, when required, if at all. If adequate funds are not available or not available on acceptable terms, the Company may not be able to fund its expansion, promote its brand as desired, take advantage of unanticipated acquisition opportunities, develop or further enhance and/or optimize its products and services or respond to competitive pressures.
BioCrude’s revenue model is based on revenue generation from the following: i) the operation of the MSW to Energy complexes (tipping fees, resale of renewable energy, resale of other marketable by-products (compost, recyclables) and potential carbon credits, ii) Joint Venture license fees, whereby the prospective Joint Venture partner will buy a license from BioCrude (payment to be effected immediately after signature) for their participation and will infuse its prorated share of equity capital for the potential MSW to Energy complex, and iii) EPC (“Engineering, Procurement & Construction) management fees (general contracting fees, approximately 20% of the capital cost of the project). In essence, these fees have to be paid regardless, and BioCrude management will execute and capture remuneration for same.
Hereunder is a schedule of events (agenda) for the realization (full execution) of the MSW to Energy project in Moroni, Autonomous Island of Grande Comore (inclusive: contract realization process), in order for BioCrude to start realizing revenues as an ongoing concern, not taking into account any prospective joint ventures in the works.
Different facets and schedule of events for the pursuit and realization of MSW to Energy projects (excluding lobbying activities)
Contract Conclusion, Engineering, Procurement& Construction
A. Signature of the following Accords necessary for the realization of the MSW-Energy Complex in Moroni, Autonomous Island of Grande Comore
|1.||Deed of Assignment Agreement (“Protocol of Engagement”) by and between the Government of the Autonomous Island of Grande Comore and BioCrude Technologies USA, Inc. Contract was signed January 11, 2016.|
|2.||The signing of the Concession Agreement for the Municipal Solid Waste, Land Lease Agreement and Agreement for the supply of treated Municipal Water on January 11, 2016|
|3.||The signing of the Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) with the “Le Gestion de l’Eau et de l’Électricité aux Comores (MA-MWE)” [ Power Corporation of the Autonomous Island of Grande Comore] on January 11, 2016|
|4.||Opening of a new Comorian Corporation (in the country in question) totally owned by BioCrude Technologies USA, Inc., opening of bank account and execution of all party obligations contained in the Deed of Assignment. This was done on January 12, 2016|
|5.||Reception of letter from new governmental administration of the Autonomous Island of the Grande Comore (after elections on May 2016) reaffirming their initiative and will to fully respect and execute the engagements signed on January 11, 2016; August 25, 2016|
|6.||Site selection (site Identification and legal designation (Cadastral, Lot, etc. ...)) for the MSW-Energy Complex, preparation of legal documents to annex same to the Land Lease Agreement and Assignment of selected parcel of land to BioCrude, as per the stipulations of the Land Concession agreement on November 12, 2016.|
|7.||Incorporating agreed to amendments and/or modifications to the contractual engagements of January 11, 2016 into the new agreements replacing those of January 11, 2016: December 9, 2016.|
|8.||Granting of a Treasury Guarantee to BioCrude from the governmental administration of the Autonomous Island of the Grande Comore, as per the stipulations of the Concession and Power Purchase Agreements: December 10, 2016|
(Fully executed; timeline: it took approximately 8 months)
B. Organizational Matrix: Construction, Management, Operations and Maintenance of Project
|1.||Flowchart of management staff|
|2.||Organization of the Waste Management (Collection, Transportation, Sorting and Treatment)|
|3.||Flowchart of Engineering, Procurement and Construction|
Flowchart of Operations Complex and Maintenance
|5.||Flowchart for the influx of feedstock and the out flux (distribution) of by-products|
(Fully executed; timeline: The tasks identified above in B are part and parcel of the submitted preliminary proposal, which included the “Prefeasibility Study & Detailed Project Report” and the “Business Plan (with financial metrics)”, to the Governmental Authorities of the Autonomous Island of Grande Comore (September 2015) for the realization of the Concession and Power Purchase Agreements in accordance to the provisions of the Deed of Assignment pursuant to a Public-Private Partnership (PPP)).
C. Project implementation plan for the Integrated Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Complex
|1.||Opening of the office in Moroni, Autonomous Island of Grande Comore: expected completion date September 2021|
|2.||Recruitment and training of human resources in Moroni, Autonomous Island of Grande Comore (for engineering, management, operation and maintenance): expected completion date September 2021 (preliminary core)|
|3.||Recruitment of human resources in Canada (for key management positions): expected completion date September 2021|
|4.||Preliminary Engineering: completed in preliminary proposal (generic)|
|5.||Analysis of Municipal Solid Waste: expected completion date September 2021|
|6.||Study of the site and soil studies: expected completion date October 2021|
|7.||Detailed Engineering plans: expected completion date October 2021|
|8.||Detailed plan of the development strategy of the complex: expected completion date October 2021|
|9.||Hiring of project manager(s) and subcontractors (either through reference or through tender): expected completion date September 2021|
|10.||Recruitment of Material and Equipment specialist suppliers, via reputation in the market place or tender: expected completion date October 2021|
(Timeline: 6 to 8 months from time = present)
D. Human Resource List for Project Implementation
(Timeline: 2 to 4 months from time = present)
E. Development and implementation of the EPC project guide (Engineering, Procurement and Construction)
|1.||Program Implementation Plan (Project Execution Plan “PEP”) Completed|
|2.||Preparation of studies and preliminary engineering plans Completed|
|3.||Preparation of studies and detailed engineering design 3 months following task D|
|4.||Planning and timetable for the project (Gantt Chart) 3 months following task D|
|5.||Obtaining permits and governmental approvals and clearances for the construction and operation of the complex 2 months following submission of detailed engineering plans to the related Governmental Agencies of the Union of the Comoros (timeline provision in agreements and signed off by the Governmental Authorities of the Union of the Comoros)|
|6.||Construction 10 to 14 months following the execution of E.5. above incorporating a startup synchronization period of approximately 1 to 2 months|
|7.||Operation and Maintenance Complex NA for Development timeline|
F. Project Management and Control: Project Implementation Plan (PIP)
|1.||A preliminary feasibility study and a detailed report of the complex Completed|
|2.||Strategic planning and economic analysis Completed|
|3.||The selection of the field Completed|
|4.||Preliminary engineering Completed|
|Ø||Economic analysis and project risks|
|Ø||The estimate of the total capital investment as well as operating and maintenance costs|
|Ø||The preliminary assessment of environmental impact and permitting requirements|
|Ø||The technology research, analysis and conceptualization|
|5.||Reliability analysis Completed|
The technology selection, project configuration and sizing Concurrently with task E.3. and its timeline
|7.||The studies and engineering plans for the environmental permitting Concurrently with task E.3. and its timeline|
Research Techniques Concurrently with task C and its timeline
|9.||The strategy and planning for the reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) Concurrently with task C and its timeline|
|10.||The preparation of the Clean Design Mechanism documents for submission to the CDM program (literature and the detailed report for project compliance with the standards and requirements established by the UNFCCC) Concurrently with task C and its timeline|
|11.||Carbon capture and storage Concurrently with task C and its timeline|
|12.||The carbon credit analysis Concurrently with task C and its timeline|
|13.||Energy efficiency Concurrently with task C and its timeline|
|14.||The analysis of the applicable regulations Concurrently with task C and its timeline|
|15.||The economic and financial analysis (Business Plan) for the preparation of the application for funding Completed; we have already opened up dialogue with an EPC firm for not only engaging same for the EPC works, but also financing same under the proviso of BioCrude subrogating its right to the Sovereign Guarantees; waiting for proforma proposal from EPC firm|
|16.||The selection for the companies to carry out the civil works, and procure materials and equipment required for the development of the project (initiate works) Completed; we have already opened up dialogue with an EPC firm for not only engaging same for the EPC works, but also financing same under the proviso of BioCrude subrogating its right to the Sovereign Guarantees; awaiting for proforma proposal from EPC firm|
|17.||The management and supervision of the project 10 to 14 months; duration of EPC works|
|18.||The operation and maintenance of the MSW-Energy complex NA for Development timeline|
|19.||The invoice, receipt and payment collection NA for Development timeline|
|20.||Organization of briefings to the public NA for Development timeline|
G. Environmental Impacts Analysis
The evaluation process:
|1.||The assessment of critical elements used in the development of the project, emissions harmful to the environment, leaching into soil, drainage, etc.…|
|2.||Potential erosion, the effects of the use and release of public waters on the tributaries, the adjacent ecological systems to the site, etc.…|
|3.||The number of vehicles (trucks, cars, etc.…) and emissions of pollutants|
|4.||The energy used in the complex and cooling of various buildings|
|5.||Materials used for the manufacture of the floor|
|6.||Building materials used for roofs|
|7.||Management and treatment of municipal solid waste (MSW)|
The quality of water and air
The negative environmental impacts and mitigation, thereof
|10.||Analysis of existing site and the impact of adverse effects thereon, for the development of the MSW-Energy complex so as to minimize the impact thereof|
|11.||Effect of development on sensitive regional systems sent by either air or by ground water systems|
(Fully executed; timeline: Part and parcel of the submitted preliminary proposal (“Prefeasibility Study & Detailed Project Report” incorporating an “Environmental Impact Analysis”) to the Governmental Authorities of the Autonomous Island of Grande Comore for the realization of the Concession and Power Purchase Agreements in accordance to the provisions of the Deed of Assignment pursuant to a Public-Private Partnership (PPP); the Environmental Impact Analysis was acceptable to the Governmental Authorities of the Autonomous Island of Grande Comore, hence no caveats, provisions or stipulations related thereto are within the signed contractual agreements).
Planning and Timetable for the Project
The Summary forecast for the following tasks of the project planning encompasses a timeline of 6 to 8 months:
|Ø||Analysis of the composition and characteristics of municipal solid waste,|
|Ø||Study and preparation of plans for the preliminary engineering,|
|Ø||Study and preparation of detailed plans of Engineering.|
The Summary forecast for the Construction & synchronization of different modules in the MSW to Energy complex of the project planning encompasses a timeline of 16 to 18 months (incorporating approximately 4 months for project preparation for ground breaking ceremony).
We have filed (with SEC as part of the Company’s S-1(/A) registration statement(s)) our Material Agreements (the Deed of Assignment pursuant to a Public-Private Partnership (PPP), the Power Purchase Agreement (PPA), and MSW, Land and Supply of Treated Effluent Concession Agreements), with SEC as part of the Company’s S-1(/A) registration statement(s), respectively by and between the Governmental Authorities of the Grande Comore and BioCrude.
January 2016 – Concluded Engagements: signed Deed of Assignment pursuant to a Public-Private Partnership (PPP), MSW, Land and Supply of Treated Effluent Concession Agreements and a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA), by and between the Government of the Autonomous Island of Grande Comore and BioCrude Technologies USA, Inc., for the implementation of the first Waste to Energy complex in the municipality of Moroni, which are as follows:
|Ø||Deed of Assignment pursuant to a Public-Private Partnership (PPP): exclusively assigning the rights of waste management treatment to BioCrude via the inter-related specific concession vehicles, all defining protocol and mode of engagement as well as rights, interests and obligations of each engaging entity for the term of engagement (30 years) with an option of renewal for an additional term (30 years). Contract was signed January 11, 2016 and amended on December 9, 2016.|
|Ø||MSW Concession* for the guaranteed delivery of MSW to the Complex with an implied base tipping fee per ton of MSW (“Put or Pay” for the minimum MSW guarantee of 700 TPD) with annual escalations for the term (30 years) of the project with an option of renewal for an additional term (30 years) and Sovereign Guarantees from the Minister of Finance endorsing same. Contract was signed January 11, 2016 and amended on December 9, 2016.|
Land Lease Concession for the delivery of the required amount of land for project term (30 years), at an annual symbolic lease rate of $1/amount of land delivered/annum, with an option of renewal for an additional term (30 years). Contract was signed January 11, 2016 and amended on December 9, 2016.
|Ø||Supply of Treated Effluent Concession whereby the governmental authorities will supply the necessary treated water in order to fulfill the operational requirements of the MSW to Energy complex at a negligible symbolic annual rate for the term of the project with an option of renewal for an additional term (30 years). Contract was signed January 11, 2016 and amended on December 9, 2016.|
|Ø||Power Purchase Agreement (PPA)* [resale of procured electricity to the Power Corporation of the country in question], whereby the Power Corporation of a certain country will buy back the electricity produced by the MSW to Energy Complex at a base rate per kW-hr (“Take or Pay” for all of the renewable energy procured less the self-consumption needs of the MSW-Energy complex), with annual escalations for the term (30 years) of the project with an option of renewal for an additional term (30 years) and Sovereign Guarantees from the Minister of Finance endorsing same. Contract was signed January 11, 2016 and amended on December 9, 2016.|
* A Revolving Letter of Credit (RLC), replenished quarterly (for the duration of the term of the contractual engagements) will be issued by the Governmental Authorities of the Autonomous Island of the Grande Comore (a temporary Treasury bond has been issued to BioCrude on December 10, 2016, which will be replaced by the RLC), as per the provisions and stipulations of the contractual engagements (submitted to the SEC), as a default payment mechanism guarantee, in the event of nonpayment of the tipping fees or for the purchase of the renewable energy, which can immediately, after default, be drawn upon, to remedy default. The face value of the RLC is to cover the tipping fees and resale of electricity payments for a whole year, multiplied by a factor of 1.5.
* On July 27, 2017, the Governmental Authorities of the Autonomous Island of the Grande Comore have issued to BioCrude a “Treasury Bond”, with supporting literature (indenture, resolutions, etc.…; as filed with SEC as part of the Company’s S-1(/A) registration statement(s), as well as other in other Form filings) baring a face value of twenty million United States Dollars (20,000,000 USD), in lieu of a “Revolving Letter of Credit (RLC)”, replenished quarterly (for the duration of the term of the contractual engagements), as per the provisions and stipulations of the contractual engagements (Concessions and Power Purchase Agreements). This Treasury Bond serves as a default payment mechanism guarantee, in the event of nonpayment of the Governmental Authorities of the Autonomous Island of the Grande Comore’s financial contractual obligations (tipping fees and/or fees due for the purchase of the renewable energy), which same can immediately, after default, be executed upon by BioCrude, to remedy default.
Nota Bene: The parties (the Governmental Authorities of the Grande Comore and BioCrude), following discussions, agreed to enforce amendments discussed and reflect same within the agreements and agreed to sign these new agreements, as amended, on December 9, 2016, replacing all of the agreements signed on the 11th of January 2016. The principal points of amendment were to incorporate the identified land concession which was assigned to BioCrude, by governmental decree, on November 12, 2016 and to reflect the new governmental administration that was elected into office as the representatives for the Governmental divisions of the Grande Comore that engaged with BioCrude.
For the Union of the Comoros, the Company is still awaiting documents from the Federal Governmental Authorities stating that the Federal Government is the new Intervening Party to the Concession(s) agreements previously signed with the Governorate (province; autonomous region) of Moroni, after the outcome of the Federal Referendum, whereby through same, contracting and economic powers are transferred from the Governorate (Province) level to that of Federal level. The Referendum outcome favored the Federal Government over that of the Governorate (Autonomous) Region of Moroni, i.e., authorizing documents are still pending.
Nota Bene: The following contractual attributes are intrinsic to the aforesaid contractual (Concessions) agreements:
|Ø||Contracts are backed by Government Sovereign Guarantees|
|Ø||Law and Jurisdiction of Dispute Arbitration (Canada)|
|Ø||Law of Contract execution immunized against change of law with Grandfather clause|
|Ø||Government issuance of (USD 20 Million) Treasury Bond; covers any interim financial defaults – replenished quarterly|
|Ø||Government payments are in US dollars (foreign exchange rate risk eliminated)|
|Ø||Zero Income Taxes, VAT’s and no levies & duties of imported materials, equipment, rolling stock, etc.… for duration of contract (30 years)|
|Ø||Assignment of contracts/change of control clauses benefiting BioCrude (to its discretion)|
|Ø||Land Lease Concession: Symbolic $1 US per 25 hectares per year, for 30 years (term), and for additional 30-year renewal term (no escalations / changes)|
Supply of Effluent Concession: Symbolic $1 US per 7,000 kL of Effluent (water) per day, for 30 years (term), and for additional 30-year renewal term (no escalations / changes)
|Ø||Supply of primary feedstock (waste): 700 tons per day not only at zero cost, but at either a “gate fee” [government pays BioCrude this tipping fee]|
|Ø||Government buys back all procured renewable energy (net of self-consumption of complex) via a Power Purchase Agreement for the duration of the 30-year term and renewal option thereof|
|Ø||BioCrude is beneficiary of all Certified Emissions Reduction Credits (CERs) due to the MSW to Energy project|
|Ø||BioCrude’s management and its Joint-Venture Partner, China Machinery Industry Construction Group Inc. (SINOCONST), have BONIFIDE credentials to execute the Engineering, Procurement, and Construction (“EPC”) of the MSW to Energy project, as well as the management of the operations to same*|
* On April 4th, 2017, China Machinery Industry Construction Group Inc.’s (SINOCONST) and BioCrude Technologies, Inc. have signed a strategic Partnership (JV) Agreement which embodies the understood exclusive engagement by and between the participants of the JV Consortium (SINOCONST and BioCrude) for any present and future Waste to Energy Project(s) acquired by any party worldwide. SINOCONST will be responsible for the EPC works (for the development of the Project(s) [Design and Build]) as well as securing the financing for the Project(s), while BioCrude will be the operator (Operation and management).
China Machinery Industry Construction Group Inc.（SINOCONST), is one of the earliest large state-owned construction enterprises in China, having Class A general construction contracting certification and Class A design certification approved by the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, and having AAA credit standing and foreign trade license granted by the Ministry of Commerce. SINOCONST has passed the certification of ISO9001 Quality Management System, ISO14001 Environmental Management System and GB/T 28001 Occupational Health and Safety Management System. Presently, SINOCONST has 15 wholly owned subsidiaries, 4 Business Division divisions, 19 branch companies, 8 joint-stock companies and 1National Exemplary Technician Institute. It boasts more than 10,000 employees, including 3,000 various engineers.
During the past 60 years since its establishment, SINOCONST has successively undertaken hundreds of large and medium key projects involving different sectors, such as machinery, automobile, building materials, metallurgy, electric power, chemical, petroleum, electronics, light industry, broadcasting & TV, environmental protection, municipal, public and civil buildings etc., with projects performed throughout the country. SINOCONST has made great contribution to China’s industrial development and modernization.
SINOCONST will be responsible for the EPC works (for the development of the Project(s) [Design and Build]) as well as securing the financing for the Project(s), while BioCrude will be the operator (Operation and management). Both SINOCONST and BioCrude will engage with SPV’s/SPE’s, with Contract (Project) Agreements and Operation and management Agreements.
As a caveat for securitizing payment of the contract price for Engineering, Procurement and Construction (“EPC”) works, via the financing mechanism established by SINOCONST, JV Consortium will set up “Special Purpose Vehicle’s/Entity’s” (“SPV/SPE”) for each and every acquired Project. The JV Consortium’s mission and ethos for creating an SPV/SPE of each well-defined Project is to enable direct securitization of financially engineered loans (and other receivables) against direct assets. SINOCONST’s association (equity participation) into every SPV/SPE will be provisional, in a sense where same will have a certain stake in the shareholdings (Common Stock) of the SPV/SPE (as defined in the Capital Structure of the SPV/SPE, as referenced below and in the Memorandum and Articles of Association of same, refer to Annex I), until such time that the loans vested for the development (Design, Building of Project by SINOCONST) of the Project are fully paid back by the JV Consortium from the proceeds of the receivables (for services rendered to client by the Project (SPV/SPE)), and all shares of Common Stock held by SINOCONST are transferred (sold to BioCrude for Project loan(s) repayment, only) to BioCrude as full and final settlement for the loan (that paid for the contract price of said development to SINOCONST). As part and parcel to the securitization of the loans in the SPV/SPE, BioCrude shall assign and/or subrogate its rights to its assets of that distinct Project (Concessions and Power Purchase Agreements, Sovereign Guarantees, Revenues of Operation, etc.…) to the SPV/SPE (“JV Consortium”), and same shall be subject to Charges (Mortgage, privilege, etc..) for financing (funding), only.
On April 4, 2017, SINOCONST and BioCrude have commissioned the services of B & W INT’L SECRETARY LIMITED (Honk Kong, China) [law firm] to establish an SPV/SPE, “BioCrude Technologies, (Hong Kong) Limited” [JV Corporation], as the development vehicle for the MSW to Energy project for the Autonomous Island of the Grande Comore, Union of the Comoros (BioCrude Technologies, (Hong Kong) Limited; filed as an exhibit with the SEC). The “SPV/SPE” possesses the following characteristics:
|1.||Memorandum and Articles of Association: “The Companies Ordinance (Cap. 622) [Hong Kong, China]” for “Private Company Limited by Shares” is utilized as the base Memorandum and Articles of Association and enhanced / modified as per the terms, conditions and stipulations of the JV Agreement by and between SINOCONST and BioCrude (“Memorandum and Articles of Association”; filed as an exhibit with the SEC).|
|2.||Organization and Capital Structure: as per the stipulations of the Memorandum and Articles of Association, and modified to reflect the following, as well:|
BioCrude will account for seventy percent (70.0%) of the total issued and outstanding shares of Common Stock at an issue price of 1 HKD per share for an aggregate issue price of 700 HKD, and at Closing Date;
SINOCONST will account for thirty per cent (30.0%) of the total issued and outstanding shares of Common Stock, at an issue price of 1 HKD per share for an aggregate issue price of 300 HKD, and at Closing Date and issued only once financing (funding) for the Project has been put in place, and will be holder of same until such time that financing (funding) has been paid back, in full, whereby all shares of Common Stock will have been transferred to BioCrude, as full and final settlement for loan repayment and shares of Common Stock acquisition.
Nota Bene: The financing (funding) secured by SINOCONST for the Project and accepted by the JV Consortium will bare an amortization of approximately five (5) years, with a negotiated mechanism for the repayment schedule of principal and interest. Every year end (from the beginning of operations of the Project, i.e., after project completion in accordance to the terms, conditions and stipulations of SINOCONST’s engagement (Contract (Project) Agreement) with SPV/SPE), relative to the amount of capital paid down from the original outstanding loan on that year, a pro rata amount of shares of Common Stock will be given (transferred) back to BioCrude in that year, until the full repayment of the loan, whereby the balance of the shares of Common Stock outstanding as shareholdings of SINOCONST are transferred back to BioCrude, and BioCrude is one hundred per cent (100.0%) shareholder of all of the issued and outstanding shares of Common Stock.
|3.||Management (Board of Directors, Officers): as per the stipulations of the Articles of Association, modified to reflect the terms, provisions and stipulations of the JV Agreement by and between BioCrude and SINOCONST.|
On April 4th, 2017, SINOCONST’s General Manager of the Group Business Development Department, Mr. Zhou Tao, and BioCrude Technologies (Comoros), LTD. [Hong Kong SPV established by SINOCONST and BioCrude, as a JV Partnership], Chairman and CEO, Mr. John Moukas, have signed a Construction (EPC) Contract Agreement which embodies SPV’s engagement of SINONST to Design, Construct, and Finance BioCrude’s Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) to Energy Complex in the municipality of Moroni, Autonomous Island of the Grande Comore, Union of the Comoros, to treat MSW and procure renewable energy and other marketable by-products (organic fertilizer, ash, primary feedstock for building materials, etc.…) within the conforms of BioCrude’s acquired Concession and Power Purchase Agreements, as well as BioCrude’s Deed of Assignment pursuant to a Public-Private Partnership with the Governmental Authorities of the Autonomous Island of Grande Comore, Union of the Comoros.
On September 1, 2017, BioCrude, in joint with SINOCONST (“JV Consortium”), have had a work session (in Beijing, China) with China Export and Credit Insurance Corporation (“SINOSURE”), to clarify particulars regarding BioCrude’s Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) to Energy Complex (“Project”) in the municipality of Moroni, Autonomous Island of the Grande Comore, Union of the Comoros, more particularly, the Concessions and Power Purchase Agreements and the Deed of Assignment pursuant to a Public – Private Partnership. Thereafter, BioCrude and SINOCONST, on behalf of BioCrude Technologies, (Hong Kong) Ltd (“SPV/SPE”), have submitted an application to SINOSURE requesting loan insurance for the Project. As part and parcel to the loan insurance application, an independent third-party feasibility study for the Project was requested. The JV Consortium has taken the initiative to solicit same for the execution of the required works.
On September 5, 2017, JV Consortium, on behalf of SPV/SPE, had a work session (in Beijing, China) with the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China Limited (“ICBC”), and shortly therewith, submitted to same, an application for funding for BioCrude’s Project. We are awaiting feedback regarding the indicative terms and conditions (“term sheet”) for the Project funding.
On October 5, 2017, BioCrude received from ICBC, the indicative terms and conditions (“term sheet”) for the Project funding (term of validity was six months). On April 8, 2018, BioCrude received from ICBC, a renewal of the “term sheet”, extending the term of validity for another six months.
On January, 2018, BioCrude, in joint with SINOCONST (“JV Consortium”), have commissioned out the works related to the feasibility study of the Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) to Energy Complex (“Project”) in the municipality of Moroni, Autonomous Island of the Grande Comore, Union of the Comoros, to China International Electronic Commerce Center (“CIECC”), an independent engineering firm in China, acceptable to SINOSURE’s shortlist of accredited and acceptable suppliers for same.
On January 23, 2018, BioCrude, in joint with SINOCONST (“JV Consortium”), had a work session (in Beijing, China) with CIECC. CIECC had requested that all of BioCrude’s literature be translated into mandarin (translation was concluded by March 30, 2018); the status of the final report of the feasibility study for the project, as of these presences, is on hold due (awaiting feedback from the federal government of Union of the Comoros).
On April 29, 2018, Comoros’s President Sem Azali Assoumani declared that a referendum on amending the country’s Constitution would be held in July 2018. The results of the referendum were in favor of changing the constitution, and one of the issues of address was federal consolidation of powers, and as such, the Federal Government of the Union of the Comoros, would now be the new Intervening Party to the Concessions and Power Purchase Agreements, as well as the Deed of Assignment pursuant to a Public-Private Partnership (PPP), in lieu of the Governorate of the Autonomous Island of Grande Comore.
In the months of September and November, 2018, BioCrude sent a delegation to the Union of the Comoros in order to clarify and document the transition of the Federal Government’s intervention, and as such, the Federal Government of the Union of the Comoros has yet to issue to BioCrude the following Amending Declarations:
|1.||Amending Declaration to the Concessions and Power Purchase Agreements, as well as the Deed of Assignment pursuant to a Public-Private Partnership (PPP), by the Ministry of Finance, Economy, Budget, Investment and Foreign Trade of the Union of the Comoros, whereby they Federal Government of the Union of the Comoros acknowledges same, as well as declare that the Federal Government of the Union of the Comoros is the new intervening party to contracts, more particularly, with respect to honoring all of the Government’s obligations within the signed engagements with BioCrude, as well as the Sovereign Guarantees attached to same.|
|2.||Amending Declaration to the Concessions and Power Purchase Agreements, as well as the Deed of Assignment pursuant to a Public-Private Partnership (PPP), by the Ministry of Production, Environment, Energy, Industry and Crafts of the Union of the Comoros, whereby the Federal Government of the Union of the Comoros acknowledges same, as well as declare that the Federal Government of the Union of the Comoros is the new intervening party to contracts, more particularly, with respect to honoring all of the Government’s obligations with the issuance of all necessary permits, and clearances for the development of BioCrude’s Waste to Energy project in Moroni, Grande Comore, Union of the Comoros.|
BioCrude also requested from the Federal Government of the Union of the Comoros’ legal division, a legal opinion of the Concessions and Power Purchase Agreements, as well as the Deed of Assignment pursuant to a Public-Private Partnership (PPP), incorporating the change of the Contracting/Intervening Party. The Federal Government of the Union of the Comoros’ legal division has yet to issue same.
As of these presences, BioCrude has yet to receive the amending declarations, and legal opinion from the Federal Government of the Union of the Comoros, as well as a signing date for the aforementioned expansion of works of waste treatment for the Governorates of Moheli and Anjouan, and for the Waste Collection, and Street and Public Spaces Cleaning for the whole country of the Union of the Comoros (Autonomous Islands of Grande Comore, Moheli and Anjouan).
The future of the Company is dependent upon its ability to obtain financing and upon future profitable operations. Management has plans to seek additional capital through private placements and a public offering of its common stock, if necessary. Although, historically, the Company had continuous losses and negative working capital issues, there are doubts about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.
The Company’s ability to become a profitable operating company is dependent upon its ability to generate revenues and/or obtain financing adequate to fulfill our requirements to complete evaluations of Concession acquisitions and development of same opportunities and to achieve a level of revenues adequate to support our cost structure has raised substantial doubts about our ability to continue as a going concern. We plan to attempt to raise additional equity capital by selling shares in this offering and, if necessary, through one or more private placement or public offerings. However, the doubts raised, relating to our ability to continue as a going concern, may make our shares as an unattractive investment for potential investors. These factors, among others, may make it difficult to raise any additional capital.
Plan of Operation
With the signing of the Concession Agreements with the countries of the Union of the Comoro, the Company, during the next twelve months, will be able to aggressively implement the building of its corporate infrastructure by adding a few key senior managers to oversee the control of the management of the Complexes and the general management of the Company. In addition, technical staff experienced in the management of the Engineering, Procurement, and Construction (“EPC”) activities, a key component in the controlling the successful creation of a Complex, will also be hired. The anticipated cost for accomplishing this is approximately twenty million United States dollars (20,000,000 USD), which includes the provisions for infrastructure development of the Company (construction, fixed assets and equipment procurement), human resource staffing and working capital. The anticipation of raising funds through a common share offering will further allow the Company to comfortably expand operations (with enhanced Research and Development), in sync, with the essence of BioCrude’s mission, as elaborated within these presents.
The crucial factor to the financial success is the rapid successful signing of additional concession agreements. Each such agreement requires an immediate investment in the capital stock of the legal entity created for the purpose of building and subsequently operating the Complex. Additional investments in the capital stock of each Complex totaling ten percent (10%) of the capital expenditure for a given complex must be made in conjunction with the securing of long-term debt provided by financial institutions (made possible by the sovereign guarantees included in the Concession Agreements). The legal entities created for the Complexes in a given country take a wholly owned subsidiary of a joint venture owned fifty per cent (50%) each by the Company and the local government providing the sovereign guarantee. The Company anticipates the creation of a total of eight (8) subsidiaries and two (2) joint ventures requiring a total of approximately $46 million (note: each joint venture entity requires the upfront payment of a licensing fee on the part of the Company’s joint venture partner, partially offsetting the Company’s investment in the Complex and providing a portion of the funds required to operate the Company and make further investments in additional Complexes).
BioCrude’s capital strategy will be focused in two main areas:
|●||Implementing operating programs that improve capital efficiency and asset utilization; and|
|●||Pursuing select strategic investment opportunities in waste transformation and resource optimization.|
BioCrude seeks to selectively invest growth capital in high-return opportunities that will enhance its ability to support emerging customer and market needs in waste transformation and resource optimization. The investment strategy seeks to leverage core competencies in materials processing to create additional value from the waste stream.
The Company has identified five (5) main revenue streams. Revenues derived from each Complex (Plant Operating Revenue) are the largest and most secure as this relies on the long-term Concession Agreements.
Plant Operating Revenues
This revenue stream is comprised of the following four (4) elements;
In exchange for the provided environmental services, municipalities have to pay a tipping fee per ton of waste delivered by the city to the MSW-Energy Complexes (“Tipping Fees”) based on the long-term Concession Agreement on a “Put or Pay” (for full face value) basis.
Sales of Power
In the W2E plant, the waste is processed in RDF (Refuse Derived Fuel) and Biomethanation processes to yield marketable by-products. The RDF and the biogas are used for power generation. The power is sold to the grid based on a long-term contract (Power Purchase Agreement) on a “Take or Pay” (for full face value) basis.
Sales of Carbon Credits
The carbon credits gained by reducing the green gas emission and by producing power based on renewable energy (“Clean Design Mechanism” (CDM)) are sold on the carbon credit market.
Sales of By-Products
The by-products of recycled materials and fertilizer will be marketed and sold to third parties:
|Ø||Compost will be sold to the farming industry (which, in certain instances, is subsidized by the government), at spot market prices, less 15%. BioCrude may sell any excess product outside of the municipality and/or country.|
|Ø||Ash can be sold to resellers of construction materials.|
Processed inerts (primary feedstock for building materials) can be sold to entities (local and foreign) engaged in that processing milieu.
|Ø||Recyclables can be sold to entities (local and foreign) engaged in that processing milieu.|
In the unlikely event MSW feedstock is not delivered to the Complex, the MSW Agreement ensures that BioCrude is compensated for any shortfall in revenue derived from the sale of electricity and by-products of Compost, ash and recyclables produced by the complex.
Engineering, Procurement and Construction Fees
To ensure that the planned benefits contained in the design of each Complex is realized BioCrude undertakes to supervise the entire EPC process and is compensated accordingly, adhering to industry norms for such expertise.
Once the Complex is commercially operational, BioCrude is responsible for the ongoing operation and maintenance of the related facilities. The Company is compensated for supervising this activity in accordance with the terms of the contracts agreed to and signed prior to the commissioning of each Complex.
To accelerate the proliferation of the Company’s presence in the W2E market and at the same time reduce the demand on its cash resources, BioCrude is willing to license its technology, to selected third parties in the form of joint ventures, resulting in another potential source of revenue.
Results of Operations
For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020
We did not generate revenue during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.
Costs and Expenses
During the three months ended March 31, 2021 there were $162,695 of operating expenses consisting of general and administrative expenses. Operating expenses for the prior year ended December 31, 2020 was $283,752 consisting of general and administrative.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
As of March 31, 2021, the Company had $152,034 in cash and did not have any other cash equivalents. The following table provides detailed information about our net cash flow for the year ended March 31, 2021 and 2020. To date, we have financed our operations through the issuance of stock and borrowings.
In summary, our cash flows were as follows:
|For the year|
|Net cash used in operating activities||$||(165,102||)||$||(279,584||))|
|Net cash used in investing activities||—||—|
|Net cash provided by financing activities||207,165||389,250|
|Effect of exchange rate changes on cash||—||—|
|Net increase (decrease) in Cash||42,063||109,666||)|
|Cash, beginning of year||109,971||305|
|Cash, end of year||$||152,034||$||109,971|
Due to the limited nature of the Company’s operations to date, the Company does not believe that past performance is any indication of future performance. The impact on the Company’s revenues of recognized trends and uncertainties in our market will not be recognized until such time as the Company has had sufficient operations to provide a baseline.
Net cash used in operating activities was $165,102 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and $279,584 for the year ended December 31, 2020.
Net cash used in investing activities was $ Nil and $ Nil for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and the year ended December 31, 2020, respectively.
Net cash provided by financing activities was $207,165 and $389,250 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and the year ended December 31, 2020, respectively.
Since inception, we have financed our cash flow requirements through issuance of common stock and related party advances. As we expand our activities, we may, and most likely will, continue to experience net negative cash flows from operations, pending receipt of listings or some form of advertising revenues. Additionally, we anticipate obtaining additional financing to fund operations through common stock offerings, to the extent available, or to obtain additional financing to the extent necessary to augment our working capital. In the future we need to generate sufficient revenues from sales in order to eliminate or reduce the need to sell additional stock or obtain additional loans. There can be no assurance we will be successful in raising the necessary funds to execute our business plan.
We anticipate that we will incur operating losses in the next twelve months. Our lack of operating history makes predictions of future operating results difficult to ascertain. Our prospects must be considered in light of the risks, expenses and difficulties frequently encountered by companies in their early stage of development, particularly companies in new and rapidly evolving markets. Such risks for us include, but are not limited to, an evolving and unpredictable business model and the management of growth.
To address these risks, we must, among other things, obtain a customer base, implement and successfully execute our business and marketing strategy, continually develop and upgrade our website, respond to competitive developments, and attract, retain and motivate qualified personnel. There can be no assurance that we will be successful in addressing such risks, and the failure to do so can have a material adverse effect on our business prospects, financial condition and results of operations.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have, or are reasonably likely to have, a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that are material to investors.
Critical Accounting Policies
The methods, estimates and judgments we use in applying our accounting policies have a significant impact on the results we report in our financial statements, which we discuss under the heading “Results of Operations” following this section of our MD&A. Some of our accounting policies require us to make difficult and subjective judgments, often as a result of the need to make estimates of matters that are inherently uncertain.
We set forth below those material accounting policies that we believe are the most critical to an investor’s understanding of our financial results and condition and that require complex management judgment.
The Company accounts for all share-based payment awards made to employees and directors, based on their fair value. The Company measures share-based compensation to consultants by recognizing the fair value of the awards over the period the services are rendered or goods are provided.
Critical Accounting Policies
In Financial Reporting Release No. 60, “Cautionary Advice Regarding Disclosure About Critical Accounting Policies” (“FRR 60”), the Securities and Exchange Commission suggested that companies provide additional disclosure and commentary on their most critical accounting policies. In FRR 60, the SEC defined the most critical accounting policies as the ones that are most important to the portrayal of a company’s financial condition and operating results, and require management to make its most difficult and subjective judgments, often as a result of the need to make estimates of matters that are inherently uncertain. Based on this definition, our most critical accounting policies include: non-cash compensation valuation that affects the total expenses reported in the current period and the valuation of shares and underlying mineral rights acquired with shares. The methods, estimates and judgments we use in applying these most critical accounting policies have a significant impact on the results we report in our financial statements.
We are subject to the informational requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. All of our reports are able to be reviewed through the SEC’s Electronic Data Gathering Analysis and Retrieval System (EDGAR) which is publicly available through the SEC’s website (http://www.sec.gov).
We intend to furnish to our stockholders, annual reports containing financial statements audited by our independent certified public accountants and quarterly reports containing reviewed unaudited interim financial statements for the first three-quarters of each fiscal year. You may contact the Securities and Exchange Commission at (800) SEC-0330 or you may read and copy any reports, statements or other information that we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission at the Securities and Exchange Commission’s public reference room at the following location:
Public Reference Room
100 F. Street N.W.
Washington, D.C. 2054900405
Telephone: (800) SEC-0330
The Company is not exposed to market risk related to interest rates or foreign currencies.
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
As required by Rule 13a-15 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “1934 Act”), as of December 31, 2019, we carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures. This evaluation was carried out under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer (our principal executive officer) and our Chief Financial Officer (our principal financial officer), who concluded, that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as at September 30, 2020.
Disclosure controls and procedures are controls and other procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Securities Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
The Company is not a party to any legal proceedings.
There have been no material changes in the risk factors set forth in the Company’s 10-K/A (2020) filed February 16, 2021.
There were no sales of unregistered equity securities during the covered time period.
|(a)||The following documents are included or incorporated by reference as exhibits to this report:|
|(b)||REPORTS ON FORM 8-K|
In accordance with Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Exchange Act, the registrant caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
|Date: May 4, 2021|
|Biocrude Technologies USA, Inc.|
|By:||/s/ John Moukas|
|Chief Executive Officer|