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PLYA Playa Hotels & Resorts

Filed: 6 Aug 20, 4:07pm


        
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
___________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
 _______________________________________________

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For quarterly period ended June 30, 2020

OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.

COMMISSION FILE NO. 1-38012
 Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
    
TheNetherlands 
98-1346104
       (State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) (IRS Employer Identification Number)
   
  Prins Bernhardplein 200  
1097 JB
Amsterdam,
theNetherlands Not Applicable
 (Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
      
+31 20 571 12 02
(Registrant's Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each ClassTrading Symbol(s)Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Ordinary Shares, €0.10 par valuePLYANASDAQ

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past ninety (90) days.    Yes    No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes        No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer  Smaller reporting company         
  Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes      No    

As of July 31, 2020, there were 134,493,942 shares of the registrant’s ordinary shares, €0.10 par value, outstanding.











PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
($ in thousands, except share data)
(unaudited)
 As of June 30, As of December 31,
 2020 2019
ASSETS   
Cash and cash equivalents$251,022
 $20,931
Restricted cash27,919
 
Trade and other receivables, net26,867
 71,250
Accounts receivable from related parties2,933
 5,401
Inventories14,239
 16,649
Prepayments and other assets45,963
 44,691
Property and equipment, net1,805,242
 1,929,914
Goodwill, net62,166
 78,339
Other intangible assets8,555
 8,408
Deferred tax assets22,358
 21,381
Total assets$2,267,264
 $2,196,964
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY   
Trade and other payables$121,238
 $181,603
Payables to related parties9,260
 7,620
Income tax payable1,813
 3,252
Debt1,251,877
 1,040,658
Derivative financial instruments55,477
 31,932
Other liabilities30,696
 24,307
Deferred tax liabilities86,345
 97,941
Total liabilities1,556,706
 1,387,313
Commitments and contingencies (see Note 7)

 

Shareholders' equity   
Ordinary shares (par value €0.10; 500,000,000 shares authorized, 136,684,273 shares issued and 134,485,477 shares outstanding as of June 30, 2020, and 130,967,671 shares issued and 129,121,576 shares outstanding as of December 31, 2019)14,861
 14,215
Treasury shares (at cost, 2,198,796 shares as of June 30, 2020 and 1,846,095 shares as of December 31, 2019)(16,642) (14,088)
Paid-in capital1,025,942
 1,001,088
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(36,667) (24,642)
Accumulated deficit(276,936) (166,922)
Total shareholders' equity710,558
 809,651
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity$2,267,264
 $2,196,964

The accompanying Notes form an integral part of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

1



Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
($ in thousands, except share data)
(unaudited)
  Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
  2020 2019 2020 2019
Revenue        
Package $302
 $136,095
 $153,357
 $305,887
Non-package 240
 24,428
 22,818
 48,910
Management fees (18) 551
 627
 1,485
Cost reimbursements 458
 2,949
 1,408
 3,537
Total revenue 982
 164,023
 178,210
 359,819
Direct and selling, general and administrative expenses        
Direct 20,380
 92,582
 118,278
 186,325
Selling, general and administrative 19,739
 32,048
 53,571
 63,876
Pre-opening 
 202
 
 291
Depreciation and amortization 22,400
 25,908
 47,359
 48,219
Reimbursed costs 458
 2,949
 1,408
 3,537
Impairment loss 25,268
 
 41,441
 
Loss on sale of assets 1,729
 
 1,729
 
Gain on insurance proceeds (2,950) 
 (2,950) 
Direct and selling, general and administrative expenses 87,024
 153,689
 260,836
 302,248
Operating (loss) income (86,042) 10,334
 (82,626) 57,571
Interest expense (20,916) (10,666) (41,871) (24,860)
Other income (expense) 4,853
 364
 947
 (238)
Net (loss) income before tax (102,105) 32
 (123,550) 32,473
Income tax benefit 14,647
 1,008
 13,536
 11,555
Net (loss) income $(87,458) $1,040
 $(110,014) $44,028
         
Earnings per share        
(Losses) earnings per share - Basic $(0.67) $0.01
 $(0.85) $0.34
(Losses) earnings per share - Diluted $(0.67) $0.01
 $(0.85) $0.34
Weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period - Basic 130,466,383
 130,421,695
 129,876,545
 130,480,549
Weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period - Diluted 130,466,383
 130,815,177
 129,876,545
 130,789,467

The accompanying Notes form an integral part of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

2


Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive (Loss) Income
($ in thousands)
(unaudited)
  Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
  2020 2019 2020 2019
Net (loss) income $(87,458) $1,040
 $(110,014) $44,028
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of taxes        
Unrealized gain (loss) on interest rate swaps 2,926
 (14,784) (12,122) (20,642)
Pension obligation gain (loss) 152
 (25) 97
 (176)
Total other comprehensive income (loss) 3,078
 (14,809) (12,025) (20,818)
Comprehensive (loss) income $(84,380) $(13,769) $(122,039) $23,210

The accompanying Notes form an integral part of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
                                  

3



Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders' Equity
($ in thousands, except share data)
(unaudited)

 Ordinary Shares Treasury Shares Paid-In Capital 
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Loss
 Accumulated Deficit Total
 Shares Amount Shares Amount        
Balance at December 31, 2018130,440,126
 $14,161
 54,608
 $(394) $992,297
 $(3,658) $(162,565) $839,841
Net income
 
 
 
 
 
 42,988
 42,988
Other comprehensive loss
 
 
 
 
 (6,009) 
 (6,009)
Share-based compensation249,044
 29
 
 
 2,719
 
 
 2,748
Repurchase of ordinary shares(198,179) 
 198,179
 (1,522) 
 
 
 (1,522)
Balance at March 31, 2019130,490,991
 $14,190
 252,787
 $(1,916) $995,016
 $(9,667) $(119,577) $878,046
Net income
 
 
 
 
 
 1,040
 1,040
Other comprehensive loss
 
 
 
 
 (14,809) 
 (14,809)
Share-based compensation141,491
 15
 
 
 1,999
 
 
 2,014
Repurchase of ordinary shares(304,587) 
 304,587
 (2,400) 
 
 
 (2,400)
Balance at June 30, 2019130,327,895
 $14,205
 557,374
 $(4,316) $997,015
 $(24,476) $(118,537) $863,891
 Ordinary Shares Treasury Shares Paid-In Capital 
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Loss
 Accumulated Deficit Total
 Shares Amount Shares Amount        
Balance at December 31, 2019129,121,576
 $14,215
 1,846,095
 $(14,088) $1,001,088
 $(24,642) $(166,922) $809,651
Net loss
 
 
 
 
 
 (22,556) (22,556)
Other comprehensive loss
 
 
 
 
 (15,103) 
 (15,103)
Share-based compensation, net of tax withholdings493,226
 55
 4,500
 (34) 3,168
 
 
 3,189
Repurchase of ordinary shares(340,109) 
 340,109
 (2,500) 
 
 
 (2,500)
Balance at March 31, 2020129,274,693
 $14,270
 2,190,704
 $(16,622) $1,004,256
 $(39,745) $(189,478) $772,681
Net loss
 
 
 
 
 
 (87,458) (87,458)
Other comprehensive income
 
 
 
 
 3,078
 
 3,078
Share-based compensation, net of tax withholdings332,735
 38
 8,092
 (20) 2,681
 
 
 2,699
Equity issuance, net (see Note 8)4,878,049
 553
 
 
 19,005
 
 
 19,558
Balance at June 30, 2020134,485,477
 $14,861
 2,198,796
 $(16,642) $1,025,942
 $(36,667) $(276,936) $710,558
The accompanying Notes form an integral part of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

4



Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
($ in thousands)
(unaudited)
 Six Months Ended June 30,
 2020 2019
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES   
Net (loss) income$(110,014) $44,028
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities   
Depreciation and amortization47,359
 48,219
Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs679
 681
Share-based compensation5,942
 4,762
Loss on derivative financial instruments11,423
 1,122
Impairment loss41,441
 
Deferred income taxes(12,573) (14,341)
Loss on sale of assets1,729
 
Amortization of key money(439) (110)
Other(154) 628
Changes in assets and liabilities:   
Trade and other receivables, net44,462
 1,743
Accounts receivable from related parties2,855
 1,504
Inventories950
 (224)
Prepayments and other assets470
 (4,845)
Trade and other payables(61,207) (5,512)
Payables to related parties1,640
 4,379
Income tax payable(1,439) (984)
Other liabilities(1,520) 5,026
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities(28,396) 86,076
INVESTING ACTIVITIES   
Capital expenditures(7,414) (92,038)
Receipt of key money8,500
 2,500
Purchase of intangibles(349) (1,424)
Proceeds from the sale of assets, net58,125
 6
Property damage insurance proceeds
 2,009
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities58,862
 (88,947)
FINANCING ACTIVITIES   
Proceeds from debt issuances, net of discount199,600
 
Issuance costs of debt(8,677) 
Proceeds from ordinary shares, net of issuance costs19,558
 
Repayments of debt(5,050) (5,050)
Proceeds from borrowings on revolving credit facility40,000
 
Repayments of borrowings on revolving credit facility(15,333) 
Repurchase of ordinary shares(2,500) (3,922)
Repurchase of ordinary shares for tax withholdings(54) 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities227,544
 (8,972)
INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS258,010
 (11,843)
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, BEGINNING OF THE PERIOD$20,931
 $116,353
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, END OF THE PERIOD$278,941
 $104,510
RECONCILIATION OF CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH   
Cash and cash equivalents$251,022
 $104,510
Restricted cash27,919
 
TOTAL CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH$278,941
 $104,510
The accompanying Notes form an integral part of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

5



Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Continued)
($ in thousands)
(unaudited)

 Six Months Ended June 30,
 2020 2019
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION   
Cash paid for interest, net of interest capitalized$28,919
 $22,616
Cash paid for income taxes, net$2,040
 $4,990
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Capital expenditures incurred but not yet paid$1,590
 $5,813
Intangible assets capitalized but not yet paid$208
 $474
Interest capitalized but not yet paid$
 $95
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease liabilities$
 $1,393
Par value of vested restricted share awards$93
 $44
The accompanying Notes form an integral part of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


6


Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
Note 1. Organization, operations and basis of presentation
Background
Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V. (“Playa” or the “Company”) is a leading owner, operator and developer of all-inclusive resorts in prime beachfront locations in popular vacation destinations. We own and/or manage a portfolio of 21 resorts located in Mexico, the Dominican Republic and Jamaica. Unless otherwise indicated or the context requires otherwise, references in our condensed consolidated financial statements (our “Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements”) to “we,” “our,” “us” and similar expressions refer to Playa and its subsidiaries.
COVID-19 impact
Due to the spread of the coronavirus (“COVID-19”) global pandemic, and in response to related governmental restrictions and advisories, reductions in scheduled commercial airline service, and potential health risks to our employees and guests, we temporarily suspended operations at all of our resorts from late March through June 2020. Our resorts began reopening in July, in stages, based on incremental easing of government restrictions and advisories and increases in scheduled commercial airline service. On July 1, 2020, we reopened 8 out of our 21 resorts and subsequently opened another 4 resorts. Currently, 12 out of our 21 resorts have reopened. We also implemented additional safety measures at our resorts to mitigate the potential health risks of COVID-19.
Although we began operations in July, we cannot predict when our business will return to normalized levels because we cannot predict when all effects of the pandemic will subside. The longer and more severe the pandemic, the greater the material adverse effect the pandemic will have on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition, access to credit markets and ability to service our debt.
Liquidity and ability to continue as a going concern
As COVID-19 has had a significant adverse impact on our business and financial condition, we took several actions to help remedy our liquidity situation, which include the following:
we temporarily suspended operations in late March and subsequently began opening our resorts, in stages, beginning in July;
closed on the sale of equity (see Note 8) and issuance of additional debt (see Note 11) as part of our capital raise efforts;
amended our Senior Secured Credit Facility to waive the existing financial maintenance covenants until the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2021 (see Note 11);
sold 2 of our resorts operated under the Jewel brand for cash consideration (see Note 4);
significantly reduced staffing levels at the properties and at our corporate offices;
imposed compensation cuts throughout the entirety of our corporate offices;
adjusted our marketing spend;
canceled all non-essential corporate travel;
deferred all non-critical capital expenditures for the remainder of the year; and
continue to pursue the potential sale of certain of our non-core resorts.

Due to the measures taken, we expect to be in compliance with all financial maintenance covenants and have sufficient liquidity to meet our obligations for at least twelve months from the date of this report. Accordingly, we believe that our plans to improve our liquidity situation have been effectively implemented and the conditions that previously raised substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern have been mitigated.
Basis of preparation, presentation and measurement
Our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information. Certain information and disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted. Accordingly, these unaudited interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with our Consolidated Financial Statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2019, included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on February 27, 2020 (the “Annual Report”).

7


In our opinion, the unaudited interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared on the same basis as the annual Consolidated Financial Statements and include all adjustments, consisting of only normal recurring adjustments, necessary for fair presentation.
The results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations to be expected for the full year ended December 31, 2020, particularly given the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic noted above. All dollar amounts (other than per share amounts) in the following disclosures are in thousands of United States dollars, unless otherwise indicated.
Note 2. Significant accounting policies
Assets held for sale

We classify a hotel as held for sale in the period during which we have made the decision to dispose of the hotel, a binding agreement to purchase the property has been signed under which the buyer has committed an amount of nonrefundable cash and no significant financing or other contingencies exist which could cause the transaction to not be completed in a timely manner. If these criteria are met, we perform the following steps: recognize an impairment loss if the fair value is lower than the carrying amount of the hotel and related assets; cease recording depreciation expense; and classify the assets and related liabilities as held for sale on the balance sheet. Any asset impairment is recorded within impairment loss in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Standards adopted
Standard Description Date of Adoption Effect on the Financial Statements or Other Significant Matters
Accounting Standard Update (ASU) No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (as amended by ASU No. 2018-19)

 This standard amends current guidance on the impairment of financial instruments by adding an impairment model (known as the current expected credit loss (CECL) model) that is based on expected losses rather than incurred losses. Under the new guidance, an entity recognizes, as an allowance, its estimate of expected credit losses. January 2020 
On January 1, 2020, we adopted ASU No. 2016-13. We determine our credit losses by applying an expected loss rate to the outstanding balance of accounts receivable for each of our reportable segments (refer to Note 15) and our corporate entities. The expected loss rates for our reportable segments and corporate entities were determined primarily using historical credit losses, which are not expected to differ from what is currently expected over the life of our trade receivables.

The adoption of ASU No. 2016-13 was immaterial to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

Standards not yet adopted
Standard Description Date of Adoption Effect on the Financial Statements or Other Significant Matters
ASU No. 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes
 The standard simplifies the accounting for income taxes, eliminates certain exceptions within ASC 740, Income Taxes, and clarifies certain aspects of the current guidance to promote consistency among reporting entities. January 2021 
We are in the process of evaluating the impact of ASU No. 2019-12. We expect the adoption of this standard to result in changes to deferred tax liabilities and deferred income tax expense for our resorts located in the Dominican Republic, which are subject to hybrid tax regimes.

ASU No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting
 
The amendments in this update provide optional expedients and exceptions for applying generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) to contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions affected by reference rate reform if certain criteria are met.


 January 2022 We are currently evaluating the impact of ASU No. 2020-04 on the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. We may elect to early adopt the standard prior to the discontinuation of LIBOR rates as of December 31, 2021.


8


Note 3. Revenue

The following tables present our revenues disaggregated by geographic segment (refer to discussion of our reportable segments in Note 15) ($ in thousands):
 Three Months Ended June 30, 2020
 
Yucatán
Peninsula
 
Pacific
Coast
 
Dominican
Republic
 Jamaica Other Total
Package revenue$(165) $(90) $(178) $735
 $
 $302
Non-package revenue187
 15
 190
 (172) 20
 240
Management fees
 
 
 
 (18) (18)
Cost reimbursements
 
 
 414
 44
 458
Total revenue$22

$(75)
$12

$977

$46

$982
 Three Months Ended June 30, 2019
 
Yucatán
Peninsula
 
Pacific
Coast
 
Dominican
Republic
 Jamaica Other Total
Package revenue$53,460
 $19,770
 $18,226
 $44,639
 $
 $136,095
Non-package revenue8,400
 3,155
 4,394
 8,465
 14
 24,428
Management fees
 
 
 
 551
 551
Cost reimbursements
 
 
 2,588
 361
 2,949
Total revenue$61,860

$22,925

$22,620

$55,692

$926

$164,023
 Six Months Ended June 30, 2020
 
Yucatán
Peninsula
 
Pacific
Coast
 
Dominican
Republic
 Jamaica Other Total
Package revenue$56,562
 $18,634
 $31,189
 $46,972
 $
 $153,357
Non-package revenue7,734
 3,101
 4,455
 7,494
 34
 22,818
Management fees
 
 
 
 627
 627
Cost reimbursements
 
 
 1,010
 398
 1,408
Total revenue$64,296
 $21,735
 $35,644
 $55,476
 $1,059
 $178,210
 Six Months Ended June 30, 2019
 
Yucatán
Peninsula
 
Pacific
Coast
 
Dominican
Republic
 Jamaica Other Total
Package revenue$117,761
 $42,493
 $46,750
 $98,883
 $
 $305,887
Non-package revenue16,239
 6,801
 8,994
 16,859
 17
 48,910
Management fees
 
 
 
 1,485
 1,485
Cost reimbursements
 
 
 2,588
 949
 3,537
Total revenue$134,000
 $49,294
 $55,744
 $118,330
 $2,451
 $359,819

Contract assets and liabilities

We do not have any material contract assets as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 other than trade and other receivables on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. Our receivables are primarily the result of contracts with customers, which are reduced by an allowance for doubtful accounts that reflects our estimate of amounts that will not be collected.

We record contract liabilities when cash payments are received or due in advance of guests staying at our resorts, which are presented as advance deposits (see Note 14) within trade and other payables on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. Our advanced deposits are generally recognized as revenue within one year.

9


Note 4. Property and equipment
The balance of property and equipment, net is as follows ($ in thousands):
 As of June 30, As of December 31,
 2020 2019
Property and equipment, gross   
Land, buildings and improvements$1,909,979
 $1,976,214
Fixtures and machinery80,909
 81,437
Furniture and other fixed assets229,751
 228,533
Construction in progress14,850
 42,083
Total property and equipment, gross2,235,489
 2,328,267
Accumulated depreciation(430,247) (398,353)
Total property and equipment, net$1,805,242
 $1,929,914

Depreciation expense for property and equipment was $46.7 million and $47.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $22.0 million and $25.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
For the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, $0 million and $5.0 million of interest expense was capitalized on qualifying assets, respectively. For the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, $0 million and $2.9 million of interest expense was capitalized on qualifying assets, respectively. Interest expense was capitalized using the weighted-average interest rate of the debt.

Sale of assets

On May 22, 2020, we completed the sale of the Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa and Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark, which were reported within our Jamaica reportable segment, for $60.0 million in cash consideration. Upon classification as held for sale, we recorded an impairment loss of $25.3 million based on the sale price of the properties, which is considered an observable input other than quoted prices (Level 2) in the U.S. GAAP fair value hierarchy. The impairment is recorded within impairment loss in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. Upon closing, we received total cash consideration of $58.7 million, after customary closing costs, and recognized a $1.8 million loss within loss on sale of assets in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Consistent with terms of our Existing Credit Agreement (as defined in Note 11), a portion of the net proceeds, after deducting incremental expenses and capital expenditures incurred across our portfolio for 18 months following the sale, will be used to prepay our Term Loan in the fourth quarter of 2021.
Lessor contracts
We rent certain real estate to third parties for office and retail space within our hotels. Our lessor contracts are considered operating leases and generally have a contractual term of one to three years. The following table presents our rental income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 ($ in thousands):
Leases Financial Statement Classification Three Months Ended June 30, 2020 Three Months Ended June 30, 2019
Operating lease income (1)
 Non-package revenue $
 $1,245
Leases Financial Statement Classification Six Months Ended June 30, 2020 Six Months Ended June 30, 2019
Operating lease income (1)
 Non-package revenue $1,146
 $2,716
________
(1) Includes variable lease revenue, which is typically calculated as a percentage of our tenant's net sales.
Note 5. Income taxes
We are domiciled in The Netherlands and are taxed in The Netherlands with our other Dutch subsidiaries. Dutch companies are subject to Dutch corporate income tax at a general tax rate of 25%.


10


During the first quarter of 2019, we implemented a new transfer pricing policy, where the intercompany pricing mechanics between our entities are based on the return on operating assets per applicable guidelines defined by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. As a result, certain of our hotel entities that were previously in loss positions were expected to be profitable, which resulted in the release of their valuation allowances.

The adverse economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic (see Note 1) have caused us to reassess our tax positions. Due to the current environment, including the temporary suspension of operations at our hotels, we concluded that the transfer pricing method will not apply for the immediate future, but will resume once operations are normalized.

On March 27, 2020, the United States House of Representatives passed the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (The CARES Act), also known as the Third COVID-19 Supplemental Relief Bill, and the President of the United States signed the legislation into law. We analyzed The CARES Act and do not expect the provisions of the legislation to have a significant impact on our effective tax rate or our income tax payable and deferred income tax positions as of June 30, 2020.
For the three months ended June 30, 2020, our income tax benefit was $14.6 million, compared to a $1.0 million income tax benefit for the three months ended June 30, 2019. The increase in our income tax benefit of $13.6 million was driven primarily by an $8.1 million increased tax benefit due to lower pre-tax book income from our tax paying entities, a $1.2 million increase in the discrete tax benefit associated with future tax liabilities of certain Dominican Republic entities and a $5.8 million tax benefit associated with the sale of the Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa and Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark. The increased income tax benefit was partially offset by an $0.8 million increase in tax expense associated with foreign exchange rate fluctuations and a non-recurring $0.7 million tax benefit from the valuation allowance release during the three months ended June 30, 2019.
For the six months ended June 30, 2020, our income tax benefit was $13.5 million, compared to an $11.6 million income tax benefit for the six months ended June 30, 2019. The increase in our income tax benefit of $1.9 million was driven primarily by a $10.0 million increased tax benefit due to lower pre-tax book income from our tax paying entities, a $4.5 million increase in the discrete tax benefit associated with future tax liabilities of certain Dominican Republic entities, and a $5.8 million tax benefit associated with the sale of the Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa and Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark. The increased income tax benefit was partially offset by a $3.2 million increase in income tax expense from an immaterial correction of a prior year error, a non-recurring $14.3 million tax benefit from the valuation allowance release during the six months ended June 30, 2019 and an $0.8 million increase in tax expense associated with foreign exchange rate fluctuations.

NaN of our Dominican Republic entities, Playa Romana Mar B.V. and Playa Dominican Resorts B.V., which hold our Hilton La Romana All-Inclusive Resort and Hyatt Ziva and Hyatt Zilara Cap Cana resorts, respectively, were granted 15-year tax exemptions by the Ministry of Finance of the Dominican Republic beginning in 2019. The tax exemption status of Inversiones Vilazul, S.A.S., which holds our Dreams Punta Cana resort, expired on December 31, 2019.
Note 6. Related party transactions
Relationship with Hyatt
Hyatt Hotels Corporation (“Hyatt”) is considered a related party due to its ownership of our ordinary shares by its affiliated entities and representation on our Board of Directors. We pay Hyatt fees associated with the franchise agreements of our resorts operating under the all-ages Hyatt Ziva and adults-only Hyatt Zilara brands and receive reimbursements for guests that pay for their stay using the World of Hyatt® guest loyalty program.
Relationship with Sagicor
Sagicor Group Jamaica Limited (“Sagicor”) is considered a related party due to its ownership of our ordinary shares by its affiliated entities and representation on our Board of Directors. We pay Sagicor for insurance coverage for some of our Jamaica properties. Sagicor is also a part owner of the Jewel Grande Montego Bay Resort & Spa and compensates us as manager of the property.

11


Relationship with Sabre
We have a service agreement with Sabre Hospitality Solutions (“Sabre”), a division of Sabre GLBL Inc., for use of a central reservation and direct booking system. Sabre also provides call center services. Sabre is considered a related party as a member of our Board of Directors serves on the board of Sabre Corporation, the parent company of Sabre GLBL Inc.
Lease with our Chief Executive Officer
One of our offices is owned by our Chief Executive Officer and we sublease the space at that location from a third party.
Transactions with related parties
Transactions between us and related parties during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 were as follows ($ in thousands):
    Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
Related Party Transaction 2020 2019 2020 2019
Hyatt 
Franchise fees (1)
 $1,048
 $4,902
 $6,564
 $9,538
Sagicor 
Insurance premiums (1)
 $119
 $380
 $533
 $1,131
Sagicor Cost reimbursements $442
 $2,807
 $1,164
 $2,807
Sabre 
Booking and call center services (2)
 $60
 $
 $274
 $
Chief Executive Officer 
Lease expense (2)
 $196
 $206
 $378
 $352
________
(1) 
Included in direct expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations with the exception of certain immaterial fees associated with the Hyatt franchise agreements, which are included in selling, general, and administrative expense.
(2) 
Included in selling, general, and administrative expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Note 7. Commitments and contingencies
We are involved in various claims and lawsuits arising in the normal course of business, including proceedings involving tort and other general liability claims, and workers’ compensation and other employee claims. Most occurrences involving liability and claims of negligence are covered by insurance with solvent insurance carriers. We recognize a liability when we believe the loss is probable and reasonably estimable. We currently believe that the ultimate outcome of such lawsuits and proceedings will not, individually or in the aggregate, have a material effect on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
The Dutch corporate income tax act provides the option of a fiscal unity, which is a consolidated tax regime wherein the profits and losses of group companies can be offset against each other. Our Dutch companies file as a fiscal unity, with the exception of Playa Romana B.V., Playa Romana Mar B.V. and Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V. Playa Resorts Holding B.V. is the head of our Dutch fiscal unity and is jointly and severally liable for the tax liabilities of the fiscal unity as a whole.
Note 8. Ordinary shares
On December 14, 2018, our Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $100.0 million of our outstanding ordinary shares as market conditions and our liquidity warrant. The repurchase program is subject to certain limitations under Dutch law, including existing, repurchase authorization granted by our shareholders. Repurchases may be made from time to time in the open market, in privately negotiated transactions or by other means (including Rule 10b5-1 trading plans). Depending on market conditions and other factors, these repurchases may be commenced or suspended from time to time without prior notice. During the three months ended June 30, 2020, we did 0t purchase any ordinary shares under the repurchase program.
On June 12, 2020, we issued 4,878,049 ordinary shares with a par value of €0.10 per share, in a private placement exempt from registration under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, in connection with our capital raising efforts. We received $19.6 million in cash consideration, after customary closing costs.
As of June 30, 2020, our ordinary share capital consisted of 134,485,477 ordinary shares outstanding, which have a par value of €0.10 per share. In addition, 3,505,051 restricted shares and performance share awards and 22,656 restricted share units were outstanding under the 2017 Plan (as defined in Note 9). The holders of restricted shares and performance share awards are entitled to vote, but not dispose of, such shares until they vest. The holders of restricted share units are neither entitled to vote nor dispose of such shares until they vest.

12


Note 9. Share-based compensation
We adopted our 2017 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the “2017 Plan”) to attract and retain independent directors, executive officers and other key employees and service providers. As of June 30, 2020, there were 6,226,580 shares available for future grants under the 2017 Plan.
Restricted share awards consist of restricted shares and restricted share units that are granted to eligible employees, executives, and board members and consist of ordinary shares (or the right to receive ordinary shares).
A summary of our restricted share awards from January 1, 2020 to June 30, 2020 is as follows:
 Number of Shares Weighted-Average Grant Date Fair Value
Unvested balance at January 1, 20202,157,336
 $9.03
Granted1,076,619
 7.92
Vested(838,553) 8.97
Forfeited(68,409) 8.95
Unvested balance at June 30, 20202,326,993
 $8.54

Performance share awards consist of ordinary shares that may become earned and vested based on the achievement of performance targets adopted by our Compensation Committee. 
The table below summarizes the key inputs used in the Monte-Carlo simulation to determine the grant date fair value of the total shareholder return performance awards ($ in thousands):
Performance Award Grant Date Percentage of Total Award Grant Date Fair Value by Component 
Volatility (1)
 
Interest
Rate (2)
 Dividend Yield
January 2, 2020          
Total Shareholder Return 50% $1,334
 24.87% 1.58% %
Adjusted EBITDA Comparison 50% $2,187
 % % %
________
(1) Expected volatility was determined based on the historical share prices in our industry.
(2) The risk-free rate was based on U.S. Treasury zero coupon issues with a remaining term equal to the remaining term of the measurement period.
A summary of our performance share awards from January 1, 2020 to June 30, 2020 is as follows:
 Number of Shares Weighted-Average Grant Date Fair Value
Unvested balance at January 1, 2020913,407
 $7.22
Granted552,395
 6.38
Forfeited(265,088) 7.99
Unvested balance at June 30, 20201,200,714
 $6.66


13


Note 10. Earnings per share
Basic and diluted earnings or losses per share (“EPS”) are as follows ($ in thousands, except share data):
 Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
 2020 2019 2020 2019
Numerator       
Net (loss) income$(87,458) $1,040
 $(110,014) $44,028
Denominator       
Denominator for basic EPS - weighted-average number of shares outstanding130,466,383
 130,421,695
 129,876,545
 130,480,549
Effect of dilutive securities       
Unvested restricted share awards
 393,482
 
 308,918
Denominator for diluted EPS - adjusted weighted-average number of shares outstanding130,466,383
 130,815,177
 129,876,545
 130,789,467
        
EPS - Basic$(0.67) $0.01
 $(0.85) $0.34
EPS - Diluted$(0.67) $0.01
 $(0.85) $0.34


For the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, 1,200,714 shares of unvested performance-based equity awards were not included in the computation of diluted EPS after assumed conversions as the performance criteria were not met as of the end of the respective reporting period. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, 781,045 shares of unvested performance-based equity awards were not included in the computation of diluted EPS after assumed conversions as the performance criteria were not met as of the end of the respective reporting period.

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, 2,326,993 shares of unvested restricted share awards were not included in the computation of diluted EPS as their effect would have been anti-dilutive. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, 273,811 and 312,424 shares of unvested restricted share awards, respectively, were not included in the computation of diluted EPS as their effect would have been anti-dilutive.
  
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, outstanding earnout warrants to acquire a total of 2,987,770 ordinary shares were not included in the computation of diluted EPS after assumed conversions because the warrants were not exercisable as of the end of the respective reporting period.

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Note 11. Debt
Our debt consists of the following ($ in thousands):
     Outstanding Balance as of
 Interest Rate Maturity Date June 30, 2020 December 31, 2019
Revolving Credit Facilities       
Revolving Credit Facility (1)
LIBOR + 3.00% April 27, 2022 $84,667
 $60,000
        
Senior Secured Credit Facilities       
Term Loan (2)
LIBOR + 2.75% April 27, 2024 $981,398
 $986,448
Term A1 Loan11.4777% April 27, 2024 35,000
 
Term A2 Loan11.4777% April 27, 2024 31,000
 
Term A3 Loan (3)
LIBOR + 3.00% April 27, 2024 28,000
 
Total Term Loans (at stated value)    1,075,398
 986,448
Unamortized discount    (1,914) (2,168)
Unamortized debt issuance costs    (6,975) (3,622)
Total Term Loans, net    $1,066,509
 $980,658
        
Property Loan       
Property Loan (at stated value)9.25% July 1, 2025 $110,000
 $
Unamortized discount    (4,400) 
Unamortized debt issuance costs    (4,899) 
Total Property Loan, net    $100,701
 $
   
    
Total debt, net    $1,251,877
 $1,040,658

________
(1) 
Undrawn balances bear interest between 0.5% to 0.25% depending on certain leverage ratios. We had available balances of $0 million and $40.0 million as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. The weighted-average interest rate on the outstanding balance of our Revolving Credit Facility was 3.18% and 4.72% as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.
(2) 
One-month London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) rate is subject to a 1.0% floor. The interest rate was 3.75% and 4.55% as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. Our 2 interest rate swaps fix LIBOR at 2.85% on $800.0 million of our Term Loan (see Note 12).
(3) 
LIBOR rate is subject to a 1.0% floor. The interest rate was 4.00% as of June 30, 2020.

Fourth Amendment to Amended and Restated Credit Agreement
On June 12, 2020, we entered into the Fourth Amendment to the Amended & Restated Credit Agreement (the “Fourth Amendment”, and collectively with the unamended terms of the Senior Secured Credit Facility, the “Existing Credit Agreement”). The terms of the Senior Secured Credit Facility remain in effect except for the following terms modified by the Fourth Amendment:
i.replace the total net leverage ratio requirement of the financial covenant with a minimum liquidity test until September 30, 2021 (the “Relief Period”);
ii.modify the financial covenant for certain test dates after the Relief Period; and
iii.add certain restrictions on, among other things, the incurrence of additional debt and making of investments, dispositions and restricted payments during the Relief Period.

Additional Credit Facility
On June 12, 2020, we entered into an additional senior secured credit facility with an average interest rate of 9.25% that matures on April 27, 2024 and ranks pari passu with the Existing Credit Agreement (the “Additional Credit Facility”). The Additional Credit Facility consists of the following term loans:
i.$35.0 million term loan at fixed rate of 11.4777% (the “Term A1 Loan”);
ii.$31.0 million term loan at fixed rate of 11.4777% (the “Term A2 Loan”); and

15


iii.$28.0 million term loan at our option of either a base rate plus a margin of 2.00% or LIBOR plus 3.00% (the “Term A3 Loan”). Term A3 Loan is a Eurocurrency loan subject to a 1.0% LIBOR floor consistent with the Existing Credit Agreement.
We intend to use the proceeds from the Additional Credit Facility for general corporate purposes. The obligations under the Additional Credit Facility are collateralized in a manner that is substantially identical to the Existing Credit Agreement.
Prior to the maturity date, the Additional Credit Facility does not require principal payments, but does include mandatory prepayment requirements for the Term A3 Loan that are consistent with the Existing Credit Agreement. Mandatory prepayments are required for certain asset sales, casualty events and condemnation events (the “Triggering Events”) that are not reinvested in our business where our total net leverage ratio is above 4.00x. We may not voluntarily prepay any portion of the Additional Credit Facility prior to June 2023 without paying a make-whole premium equal to 100% of the interest that would have otherwise accrued from the date of such payment through June 2022 plus 50% of the interest that otherwise would have accrued from June 2022 to June 2023. Subsequent to June 2023, we may prepay any portion of the Additional Credit Facility without penalty.
In connection with the Additional Credit Facility, we terminated the remaining $15.0 million of unused capacity of our Revolving Credit Facility under the Existing Credit Agreement. The Additional Credit Facility contains covenants, including a springing financial maintenance covenant, identical to those contained in the Existing Credit Agreement.

Property Loan Agreement
On June 12, 2020, we entered into a property loan agreement in the amount of $110.0 million that has a fixed interest rate of 9.25% and matures on July 1, 2025 (the “Property Loan”). Prior to maturity, the Property Loan does not require principal payments. The Property Loan is collateralized by the mortgages of our Hyatt Ziva and Hyatt Zilara Cap Cana properties located in the Dominican Republic and the Hilton Rose Hall Resort & Spa located in Jamaica (collectively the “Properties”). We intend to use the proceeds of the Property Loan to finance the operation and management of the Properties and for general corporate purposes.
During the term of the Property Loan, we are required to deposit certain cash reserves including reserves for operating expenses, debt service and certain property improvement plan required work. We will continue to fund the reserves until the Properties achieve a debt service coverage ratio of 1.50x for 2 consecutive calendar quarters. These reserves are presented as restricted cash on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet, which had a balance of $27.9 million as of June 30, 2020.
Financial maintenance covenants
We were in compliance with all applicable covenants as of June 30, 2020. See a summary of our applicable covenants and restrictions below:
Debt Covenant Terms
Existing Credit Agreement 
We are required to maintain a minimum liquidity balance of $60.0 million through the Relief Period.

If we have more than 35% drawn on the Revolving Credit Facility for periods subsequent to June 30, 2021, we will be subject to the following total net leverage ratio requirements:

6.50x for the period ended September 30, 2021;
6.00x for the period ended December 31, 2021; and
4.75x for periods thereafter.
Term A1 Loan Same terms as the Existing Credit Agreement.
Term A2 Loan No applicable debt covenants.
Term A3 Loan No applicable debt covenants.
Property Loan No applicable debt covenants other than the requirement to maintain a cash reserve until the Properties achieve a debt service coverage ratio of 1.50x for two consecutive quarters.


16


Note 12. Derivative financial instruments
Interest rate swaps
Effective March 29, 2018, we entered into 2 interest rate swaps to mitigate the interest rate risk inherent to our floating rate debt. The interest rate swaps are not for trading purposes and have fixed notional values of $200.0 million and $600.0 million. The fixed rate paid by us is 2.85% and the variable rate received resets monthly to the one-month LIBOR rate, which results in us fixing LIBOR at 2.85% on $800.0 million of our Term Loan. The interest rate swaps mature on March 31, 2023.

On March 20, 2019, we elected to adopt hedge accounting and designate our interest rate swaps as cash flow hedges. Prior to our adoption of hedge accounting, the change in fair value of our interest rate swaps was recognized through interest expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. Following the adoption, the change in the fair value of our interest rate swaps that qualifies as effective cash flow hedges was recorded through other comprehensive loss (“OCI”) in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive (Loss) Income. Unrealized gains and losses in accumulated other comprehensive loss (“AOCI”) are reclassified to interest expense as interest payments are made on our variable rate debt. On February 29, 2020, our interest rate swaps were ineffective due to the decrease in interest rates and all subsequent changes in fair value were recognized through interest expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

The following tables present the effect of our interest rate swaps, net of tax, in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive (Loss) Income and Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 ($ in thousands):
  2020 2019
AOCI from our cash flow hedges as of January 1 $20,164
 $
Change in fair value 16,956
 5,834
Reclassification from AOCI to interest expense (1,908) 24
OCI related to our cash flow hedges for the three months ended March 31 15,048
 5,858
Change in fair value 
 14,648
Reclassification from AOCI to interest expense (1)
 (2,926) 136
OCI related to our cash flow hedges for the three months ended June 30 (2,926) 14,784
AOCI from our cash flow hedges as of June 30 $32,286
 $20,642
________
(1) As of June 30, 2020, the total amount expected to be reclassified from AOCI to interest expense during the next twelve months is $11.7 million.
Derivative Liabilities for Ineffective Hedges Financial Statement Classification Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
  2020 2019 2020 2019
Interest rate swaps (1)
 Interest expense $9,774
 $
 $18,503
 $2,715
________
(1) Includes the change in fair value of our interest rate swaps and the cash interest paid for the monthly settlements of the derivative.
The following tables present the effect of our interest rate swaps in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 ($ in thousands):
Derivative Liabilities for Effective Hedges Financial Statement Classification As of June 30, As of December 31,
  2020 2019
Interest rate swaps Derivative financial instruments $
 $31,932
Derivative Liabilities for Ineffective Hedges Financial Statement Classification As of June 30, As of December 31,
  2020 2019
Interest rate swaps Derivative financial instruments $55,477
 $


Derivative financial instruments expose us to credit risk in the event of non-performance by the counterparty under the terms of the interest rate swaps. We incorporate these counterparty credit risks in our fair value measurements (see Note 13) and believe we minimize this credit risk by transacting with major creditworthy financial institutions.

17


Note 13. Fair value of financial instruments
The objective of a fair value measurement is to estimate the price at which an orderly transaction to sell the asset or to transfer the liability would take place between market participants at the measurement date under current market conditions. U.S. GAAP establishes a hierarchical disclosure framework, which prioritizes and ranks the level of observability of inputs used in measuring fair value as follows:
Level 1: Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2: Unadjusted quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, or unadjusted quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, or inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability.
Level 3: Inputs are unobservable and reflect our judgments about assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability.
We believe the carrying value of our financial instruments, excluding our debt, approximate their fair values as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019. We did not have any Level 3 instruments during any of the periods presented in our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
The following table presents our fair value hierarchy for our financial liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 ($ in thousands):
  June 30, 2020 Level 1 Level 2 Level 3
Fair value measurements on a recurring basis        
Interest rate swap $55,477
 $
 $55,477
 $

  December 31, 2019 Level 1 Level 2 Level 3
Fair value measurements on a recurring basis        
Interest rate swap $31,932
 $
 $31,932
 $

The following tables present our fair value hierarchy for our financial liabilities not measured at fair value as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 ($ in thousands):
  Carrying Value Fair Value
  As of June 30, 2020 Level 1 Level 2 Level 3
Financial liabilities not recorded at fair value        
Term Loan $976,286
 $
 $
 $876,693
Revolving Credit Facility 84,667
 
 
 84,802
Term A1 Loan 33,593
 
 
 35,201
Term A2 Loan 29,754
 
 
 31,178
Term A3 Loan 26,876
 
 
 29,040
Property Loan 100,701
 
 
 110,176
Total liabilities $1,251,877
 $
 $
 $1,167,090
  Carrying Value Fair Value
  As of December 31, 2019 Level 1 Level 2 Level 3
Financial liabilities not recorded at fair value        
Term Loan $980,658
 $
 $
 $983,214
Revolving Credit Facility 60,000
 
 
 60,000
Total liabilities $1,040,658
 $
 $
 $1,043,214


18


The following table summarizes the valuation techniques used to estimate the fair value of our financial instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis and our financial instruments not measured at fair value:
  Valuation Technique
Financial instruments recorded at fair value  
Interest rate swaps The fair value of the interest rate swaps is estimated based on the expected future cash flows by incorporating the notional amount of the swaps, the contractual period to maturity, and observable market-based inputs, including interest rate curves. The fair value also incorporates credit valuation adjustments to appropriately reflect nonperformance risk. The fair value of our interest rate swaps is largely dependent on forecasted LIBOR as of the measurement date. If, in subsequent periods, forecasted LIBOR exceeds 2.85% we will recognize a gain and future cash inflows. Conversely, if forecasted LIBOR falls below 2.85% in subsequent periods we will recognize a loss and future cash outflows.
Financial instruments not recorded at fair value  
Term Loans and Property Loan The fair value of our Term Loans and Property Loan are estimated using cash flow projections over the remaining contractual period by applying market forward rates and discounting back at the appropriate discount rate.
Revolving Credit Facility The valuation technique of our Revolving Credit Facility is consistent with our Term Loans. The fair value of the Revolving Credit Facility generally approximates its carrying value as the expected term is significantly shorter in duration.

Note 14. Other balance sheet items
Trade and other receivables, net
The following summarizes the balances of trade and other receivables, net as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 ($ in thousands):
 As of June 30, As of December 31,
 2020 2019
Gross trade and other receivables (1)
$27,447
 $73,015
Allowance for doubtful accounts (2)
(580) (1,765)
Total trade and other receivables, net (3)
$26,867
 $71,250

________
(1) 
Includes $3.0 million in receivables related to business interruption insurance claims as of June 30, 2020. There were 0 such receivables as of December 31, 2019.
(2) 
We recognized an additional $0.8 million in bad debt expense during the year ended December 31, 2019 as a result of the bankruptcy of Thomas Cook, one of our travel partners.
(3) 
The opening balance as of January 1, 2019 was $64.8 million.

We have not experienced any significant write-offs to our accounts receivable during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

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Prepayments and other assets
The following summarizes the balances of prepayments and other assets as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 ($ in thousands):
 As of June 30, As of December 31,
 2020 2019
Advances to suppliers$9,479
 $7,865
Prepaid income taxes11,352
 12,412
Prepaid other taxes (1)
11,829
 11,156
Right of use assets5,285
 5,673
Contract deposit (2)
2,700
 2,700
Other assets5,318
 4,885
Total prepayments and other assets$45,963
 $44,691
________
(1) Includes recoverable value-added tax, general consumption tax and other sales tax accumulated by our Mexico, Jamaica, Netherlands and Dominican Republic entities.
(2) Represents a cash deposit related to the Sanctuary Cap Cana management contract. The deposit will be used towards a purchase of a partial interest in Sanctuary Cap Cana if we are able to agree on terms. If the purchase is not completed, this amount, together with an additional $0.8 million due, will be treated as key money.
Goodwill
The gross carrying values and accumulated impairment losses of goodwill by reportable segment (refer to discussion of our reportable segments in Note 15) as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 are as follows ($ in thousands):
 Yucatán Peninsula Pacific Coast Dominican Republic Jamaica Total
Balance at December 31, 2019         
Gross carrying value$51,731
 $
 $
 $32,776
 $84,507
Accumulated impairment losses(6,168) 
 
 
 (6,168)
Net carrying value45,563
 
 
 32,776
 78,339
          
Activity during the year         
Impairment losses
 
 
 (16,173) (16,173)
          
Balance at June 30, 2020         
Gross carrying value51,731
 
 
 32,776
 84,507
Accumulated impairment losses(6,168) 
 
 (16,173) (22,341)
Net carrying value$45,563
 $
 $
 $16,603
 $62,166

As a result of COVID-19 and the temporary suspension of operations at our resorts (see Note 1), the forecasted future cash flows of our reporting units materially decreased during the first and second quarter of 2020. We performed an interim quantitative impairment analysis as of March 31, 2020 and recognized $16.2 million of goodwill impairment losses at the following reporting units within impairment loss in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2020 as we determined that their carrying values exceeded their fair value ($ in thousands):
Reporting Unit Reportable Segment Impairment Loss
Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark Jamaica $6,946
Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa Jamaica $5,126
Jewel Paradise Cove Beach Resort & Spa Jamaica $4,101

We recognized 0 additional goodwill impairment losses on our reporting units based on our interim quantitative impairment analysis as of June 30, 2020.

20


Other intangible assets
Other intangible assets as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 consisted of the following ($ in thousands):
 As of June 30, As of December 31,
 2020 2019
Gross carrying value   
Casino and other licenses (1)
$875
 $875
Management contract1,900
 1,900
Enterprise resource planning system (2)
5,544
 5,187
Other3,802
 3,346
Total gross carrying value12,121
 11,308
    
Accumulated amortization   
Management contract(190) (143)
Enterprise resource planning system (2)
(763) (437)
Other(2,613) (2,320)
Total accumulated amortization(3,566) (2,900)
    
Net carrying value   
Casino and other licenses (1)
875
 875
Management contract1,710
 1,757
Enterprise resource planning system (2)
4,781
 4,750
Other1,189
 1,026
Total net carrying value$8,555
 $8,408

________
(1)  
Our casino licenses have indefinite lives. Accordingly, there is no associated amortization expense or accumulated amortization.
(2)  
Represents software development costs incurred to develop and implement SAP as our integrated enterprise resource planning (“ERP”) system, of which $1.3 million and $2.6 million was placed into service in 2020 and 2019, respectively and are being amortized over a weighted-average amortization period of 7 years.
Amortization expense for intangible assets was $0.7 million and $0.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $0.4 million and $0.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
Trade and other payables
The following summarizes the balances of trade and other payables as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 ($ in thousands):
 As of June 30, As of December 31,
 2020 2019
Trade payables$22,724
 $45,299
Advance deposits (1)
25,377
 53,769
Withholding and other taxes payable42,074
 46,983
Interest payable870
 125
Payroll and related accruals13,110
 14,547
Accrued expenses and other payables17,083
 20,880
Total trade and other payables$121,238
 $181,603

________
(1) 
The opening balance as of January 1, 2019 was $57.3 million.


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Other liabilities
The following summarizes the balances of other liabilities as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 ($ in thousands):
 As of June 30, As of December 31,
 2020 2019
Pension obligation (1)(2)
$5,524
 $6,764
Lease liabilities5,850
 6,208
Unfavorable ground lease liability2,170
 2,187
Key money (3)
16,257
 8,225
Other895
 923
Total other liabilities$30,696
 $24,307

________
(1) For the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, the service cost component of net periodic pension cost was $0.4 million and $0.4 million, respectively. For the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, the service cost component of net periodic pension cost was $0.2 million and $0.2 million, respectively. These costs are recorded within direct expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
(2) For the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, the non-service cost components of net periodic pension benefit or cost were $1.3 million and $0.2 million, respectively. For the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, the non-service cost components of net periodic pension benefit or cost were $0.7 million and $0.2 million, respectively. These costs are recorded within other income (expense) in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
(3) Represents the unamortized balance of key money received, which is amortized as a reduction to franchise fees within direct expenses in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. We received $8.5 million and $6.5 million in 2020 and 2019, respectively.
Note 15. Segment information
We consider each one of our owned resorts to be an operating segment, none of which meets the threshold for a reportable segment. We also allocate resources and assess operating performance based on individual resorts. Our operating segments meet the aggregation criteria and thus, we present 4 separate reportable segments by geography: (i) Yucatán Peninsula, (ii) Pacific Coast, (iii) Dominican Republic and (iv) Jamaica. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, we have excluded the immaterial amounts of management fees, cost reimbursements and other from our segment reporting.
Our operating segments are components of the business which are managed discretely and for which discrete financial information is reviewed regularly by our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Chief Operating Officer, all of whom represent our chief operating decision maker (“CODM”). Financial information for each reportable segment is reviewed by the CODM to assess performance and make decisions regarding the allocation of resources.
The performance of our business is evaluated primarily on adjusted earnings before interest expense, income tax benefit, and depreciation and amortization expense (“Adjusted EBITDA”), which should not be considered an alternative to net (loss) income or other measures of financial performance or liquidity derived in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The performance of our segments is evaluated on Adjusted EBITDA before corporate expenses and management fee income (“Owned Resort EBITDA”).
We define Adjusted EBITDA as net (loss) income, determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP, for the period presented, before interest expense, income tax benefit, and depreciation and amortization expense, further adjusted to exclude the following items: (a) impairment loss; (b) other income (expense); (c) pre-opening expenses; (d) share-based compensation; (e) other tax expense; (f) transaction expenses; (g) loss on sale of assets; and (h) severance expenses.
There are limitations to using financial measures such as Adjusted EBITDA and Owned Resort EBITDA. For example, other companies in our industry may define Adjusted EBITDA differently than we do. As a result, it may be difficult to use Adjusted EBITDA or similarly named financial measures that other companies publish to compare the performance of those companies to our performance. Because of these limitations, Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as a measure of the income or loss generated by our business or discretionary cash available for investment in our business and investors should carefully consider our U.S. GAAP results presented in our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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The following table presents segment owned net revenue and a reconciliation to total revenue for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 ($ in thousands):
 Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
 2020 2019 2020 2019
Owned net revenue       
Yucatán Peninsula$21
 $59,772
 $62,338
 $129,985
Pacific Coast(74) 22,087
 21,081
 47,657
Dominican Republic11
 22,566
 35,607
 55,641
Jamaica564
 50,464
 52,000
 109,611
Segment owned net revenue (1)
522
 154,889
 171,026
 342,894
Other20
 14
 35
 16
Management fees(18) 551
 627
 1,485
Cost reimbursements458
 2,949
 1,408
 3,537
Compulsory tips
 5,620
 5,114
 11,887
Total revenue$982
 $164,023
 $178,210
 $359,819
________
(1) Segment owned net revenue represents total revenue less compulsory tips paid to employees, cost reimbursements, management fees and other miscellaneous revenue not derived from segment operations.
The following table presents segment Owned Resort EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and a reconciliation to net (loss) income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 ($ in thousands):

Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,

2020 2019 2020 2019
Owned Resort EBITDA       
Yucatán Peninsula$(8,004) $21,151
 $16,931
 $53,310
Pacific Coast(2,816) 8,569
 6,056
 20,956
Dominican Republic(4,881) 5,043
 2,908
 18,506
Jamaica(8,097) 14,631
 10,976
 38,979
Segment Owned Resort EBITDA(23,798) 49,394
 36,871
 131,751
Other corporate(7,606) (9,887) (18,577) (18,393)
Management fees(18) 551
 627
 1,485
Total Adjusted EBITDA(31,422) 40,058
 18,921
 114,843
Interest expense(20,916) (10,666) (41,871) (24,860)
Depreciation and amortization(22,400) (25,908) (47,359) (48,219)
Impairment loss(25,268) 
 (41,441) 
Loss on sale of assets(1,729) 
 (1,729) 
Other income (expense)4,853
 364
 947
 (238)
Pre-opening expenses
 (202) 
 (291)
Share-based compensation(2,719) (2,014) (5,942) (4,762)
Other tax expense(231) (443) (468) (802)
Transaction expenses(289) (1,273) (875) (3,240)
Severance expense(1,246) (133) (2,444) (133)
Non-service cost components of net periodic pension (benefit) cost (1)
(738) 249
 (1,289) 175
Net (loss) income before tax(102,105) 32
 (123,550) 32,473
Income tax benefit14,647
 1,008
 13,536
 11,555
Net (loss) income$(87,458) $1,040
 $(110,014) $44,028
________
(1) 
Represents the non-service cost components of net periodic pension (benefit) cost recorded within other income (expense) in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. We include these costs in calculating Adjusted EBITDA as they are considered part of our ongoing resort operations.  

23



The following table presents segment property and equipment, gross and a reconciliation to total property and equipment, net as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 ($ in thousands):
 As of June 30, As of December 31,
 2020 2019
Segment property and equipment, gross   
Yucatán Peninsula$864,815
 $865,900
Pacific Coast287,850
 288,358
Dominican Republic672,769
 667,120
Jamaica405,322
 499,569
Total segment property and equipment, gross2,230,756
 2,320,947
Other corporate4,733
 7,320
Accumulated depreciation(430,247) (398,353)
Total property and equipment, net$1,805,242
 $1,929,914

The following table presents segment capital expenditures and a reconciliation to total capital expenditures for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 ($ in thousands):
 Six Months Ended June 30,
 2020 2019
Segment capital expenditures   
Yucatán Peninsula$2,348
 $10,055
Pacific Coast230
 395
Dominican Republic4,286
 79,515
Jamaica1,809
 2,507
Total segment capital expenditures (1)
8,673
 92,472
Other corporate331
 5,379
Total capital expenditures (1)
$9,004
 $97,851
________
(1) 
Includes capital expenditures incurred, but not yet paid.  
Note 16. Subsequent events
In preparing the interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, there were no subsequent events since June 30, 2020 other than the following:
Subsequent to June 30, 2020, the global economy has continued to be severely impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. We cannot predict when the effects of the pandemic will subside, and thus we cannot predict when we will be able to reopen all of our remaining resorts, whether our resorts will be permitted to remain open or when our business will return to normalized levels. There also can be no guarantee that when the effects of the pandemic subside that there will not be a later resurgence of the virus or that the demand for lodging, and consumer confidence in travel generally, will recover as quickly as other industries. The longer and more severe the pandemic, and the possibility of repeat or cyclical outbreaks of the virus beyond the one currently being experienced, the greater the material adverse effect the pandemic will have on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition, access to credit markets and ability to service our indebtedness.

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The following discussion and analysis of Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V.'s (“Playa”) financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements (our “Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements”) and the notes related thereto which are included in “Item 1. Financial Statements” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Unless the context otherwise requires, “we,” “us,” “our” and the “Company” refer to Playa and its subsidiaries.

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This quarterly report contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements relate to expectations, beliefs, projections, future plans and strategies, anticipated events or trends and similar expressions concerning matters that are not historical facts. Forward-looking statements reflect our current views with respect to, among other things, our capital resources, portfolio performance and results of operations. Likewise, all of our statements regarding anticipated growth in our operations, anticipated market conditions, demographics and results of operations are forward-looking statements. In some cases, you can identify these forward-looking statements by the use of terminology such as “outlook,” “believes,” “expects,” “potential,” “continues,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “seeks,” “approximately,” “predicts,” “intends,” “plans,” “estimates,” “anticipates” or the negative version of these words or other comparable words or phrases.
The forward-looking statements contained in this quarterly report reflect our current views about future events and are subject to numerous known and unknown risks, uncertainties, assumptions and changes in circumstances that may cause our actual results to differ significantly from those expressed in any forward-looking statement. The factors discussed in this filing and our other filings with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), including our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, filed with the SEC on February 27, 2020 and our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2020, filed with the SEC on May 11, 2020, could cause actual results and future events to differ materially from those set forth or contemplated in the forward-looking statements. Currently, one of the most significant factors that could cause actual outcomes to differ materially from our forward-looking statements is the adverse effects of the current COVID-19 pandemic on our financial condition, operating results and cash flows, the airlines that service the locations where we own resorts, the short and longer-term demand for travel, the global economy and the local economies where we own resorts, and the financial markets. As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic all of our resorts temporarily suspended operations from March 2020 until July 2020 and operations at [nine] resorts continue to be suspended. The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic will impact us and consumer behavior will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted with confidence, including the scope, severity and duration of the pandemic, any resurgence of the pandemic after conditions initially improve, the actions taken to contain the pandemic or mitigate its impact, and the direct and indirect economic effects of the pandemic and containment measures, including magnitude of its impact on unemployment rates and consumer discretionary spending, among others. Additional factors that could cause actual results and future events to differ materially from those set forth or contemplated in the forward-looking statements include:
general economic uncertainty and the effect of general economic conditions on the lodging industry in particular;
the popularity of the all-inclusive resort model, particularly in the luxury segment of the resort market;
changes in economic, social or political conditions in the regions we operate, including changes in perception of public-safety and changes in the supply of rooms from competing resorts;
the success and continuation of our relationships with Hyatt Hotels Corporation (“Hyatt”) and Hilton Worldwide Holdings, Inc. (“Hilton”);
the volatility of currency exchange rates;
the success of our branding or rebranding initiatives with our current portfolio and resorts that may be acquired in the future;
our failure to successfully complete acquisition, expansion, repair and renovation projects in the timeframes and at the costs and returns anticipated;
changes we may make in timing and scope of our development and renovation projects;
significant increases in construction and development costs;
significant increases in utilities costs;

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our ability to obtain and maintain financing arrangements on attractive terms;
our ability to obtain and maintain ample liquidity to fund operations and service debt;
the impact of and changes in governmental regulations or the enforcement thereof, tax laws and rates, accounting guidance and similar matters in regions in which we operate;
the ability of our guests to reach our resorts given government mandated travel restrictions;
the effectiveness of our internal controls and our corporate policies and procedures and the success and timing of the remediation efforts for the material weakness that we identified in our internal control over financial reporting;
changes in personnel and availability of qualified personnel;
environmental uncertainties and risks related to adverse weather conditions and natural disasters;
outbreak of widespread contagious diseases;
dependence on third parties to provide Internet, telecommunications and network connectivity to our data centers;
the volatility of the market price and liquidity of our ordinary shares and other of our securities; and
the increasingly competitive environment in which we operate.
 
While forward-looking statements reflect our good faith beliefs, they are not guarantees of future performance. The Company disclaims any obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement to reflect changes in underlying assumptions or factors, new information, data or methods, future events or other changes after the date of this quarterly report, except as required by applicable law. You should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements, which are based only on information currently available to us (or to third parties making the forward-looking statements).
Overview
 Playa is a leading owner, operator and developer of all-inclusive resorts in prime beachfront locations in popular vacation destinations in Mexico and the Caribbean. As of June 30, 2020, Playa owned and/or managed a total portfolio consisting of 21 resorts (8,172 rooms) located in Mexico, Jamaica, and the Dominican Republic. In Mexico, Playa owns and manages Hyatt Zilara Cancún, Hyatt Ziva Cancún, Panama Jack Resorts Cancún, Panama Jack Resorts Playa del Carmen, Hilton Playa del Carmen All-Inclusive Resort, Hyatt Ziva Puerto Vallarta and Hyatt Ziva Los Cabos. In Jamaica, Playa owns and manages Hyatt Zilara Rose Hall, Hyatt Ziva Rose Hall, Hilton Rose Hall Resort & Spa, Jewel Grande Montego Bay Resort & Spa, and Jewel Paradise Cove Beach Resort & Spa. In the Dominican Republic, Playa owns and manages the Hilton La Romana All-Inclusive Family Resort, the Hilton La Romana All-Inclusive Adult Resort, Hyatt Zilara Cap Cana and Hyatt Ziva Cap Cana. Playa also owns four resorts in Mexico and the Dominican Republic that are managed by a third party and Playa manages the Sanctuary Cap Cana in the Dominican Republic. We believe that the resorts we own and manage are among the finest all-inclusive resorts in the markets they serve. All of our resorts offer guests luxury accommodations, noteworthy architecture, extensive on-site activities and multiple food and beverage options. Our guests also have the opportunity to purchase upgrades from us such as premium rooms, dining experiences, wines and spirits and spa packages.
For the three months ended June 30, 2020, during which time operations at all of our resorts were temporarily suspended in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, we generated a net loss of $87.5 million, total revenue of $1.0 million, Net Package RevPAR of $0 and Adjusted EBITDA of $(31.4) million. For the three months ended June 30, 2019, we generated net income of $1.0 million, total revenue of $164.0 million, Net Package RevPAR of $205.55 and Adjusted EBITDA of $40.1 million.
For the six months ended June 30, 2020, we generated a net loss of $110.0 million, total revenue of $178.2 million, Net Package RevPAR of $100.01 and Adjusted EBITDA of $18.9 million. For the six months ended June 30, 2019, we generated net income of $44.0 million, total revenue of $359.8 million, Net Package RevPAR of $225.37 and Adjusted EBITDA of $114.8 million.
Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic
The COVID-19 pandemic and the public health measures that have been undertaken in response have had a significant adverse impact on the global economy, the travel and hospitality industries and our business starting in the first quarter of 2020. The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, including related government restrictions, border closings, quarantines, “shelter-in-place” orders and “social distancing,” have significantly disrupted global leisure travel, and has adversely impacted global commercial activity, contributing to

26



worldwide economic contraction and rising unemployment. We expect that the continuing economic fallout will create headwinds for leisure travel even after the current government restrictions are lifted.
Due to the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic and the associated restrictions placed on international travel, we temporarily suspended operations at all of our resorts in late March 2020 and subsequently began reopening our resorts on July 1, 2020.
As of July 1, 2020, we reopened 8 out of our 21 resorts and subsequently reopened another 4 resorts. Currently, 12 out of our 21 resorts have reopened:
ResortDate Reopened
Hyatt Ziva Cancún7/1/2020
Hyatt Zilara Cancún7/1/2020
Hilton Playa del Carmen All-Inclusive Resort7/1/2020
Panama Jack Resorts Cancún7/15/2020
Hyatt Ziva Rose Hall7/1/2020
Hyatt Zilara Rose Hall7/1/2020
Hilton Rose Hall Resort & Spa7/1/2020
Jewel Paradise Cove Beach Resort & Spa7/1/2020
Jewel Grande Montego Bay Resort & Spa7/1/2020
Hyatt Ziva Cap Cana7/22/2020
Hyatt Zilara Cap Cana7/22/2020
Sanctuary Cap Cana7/15/2020
We issued a press release on June 16, 2020 with our anticipated reopening schedule and will update this schedule as we move through the year.
The suspension of operations at all of our resorts during the quarter, which account for all of our revenue, has had a significant adverse effect on our liquidity. As of June 30, 2020 we had $251.0 million of available cash. We have taken the following measures to mitigate the impact of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on our liquidity position:
we announced on June 12, 2020 that we had raised $224.0 million of additional capital from affiliates of Davidson Kempner Capital Management LP (“DK”) in the form of $204.0 million of additional debt financing and $20.0 million of equity financing at a price of $4.10 per share;
we sold the Jewel Dunn's River Beach Resort & Spa and the Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark for a total cash consideration of $60.0 million. The transaction closed in May 2020 and the cash consideration is reflected in our available cash;
we borrowed an additional $40.0 million under our Revolving Credit Facility in March 2020, increasing the amount outstanding on the facility to $85.0 million;
the temporary suspension of operations of all of our resorts significantly reduced the variable cost components of our resort-level operating expenses, including resort franchise and franchise-related fees, management fees and expenses related to our resort employees;
we have deferred all of our non-critical capital expenditures planned for 2020 and intend to spend a minimal amount on emergency capital expenditures;
we adopted voluntary senior executive salary reductions, including reducing our Chief Executive Officer’s salary by 100%, these reductions are being phased back in during the third quarter with the exception of our Chief Executive Officer;
we imposed compensation cuts broadly throughout our corporate workforce and canceled all non-essential corporate travel and spending;
we have temporarily suspended repurchases of our ordinary shares under our share repurchase program until we have more visibility into the longer-term impact of COVID-19 and economic conditions improve; and
we also significantly reduced marketing expenditures during the second quarter.

27



In addition, the recent reduction in the size of our Board of Directors to align with the Company’s size and needs will further reduce our expenses.
We cannot predict when the effects of the pandemic will subside, and thus we cannot predict when we will be able to reopen our remaining resorts, whether our resorts will be permitted to remain open or when our business will return to normalized levels. There also can be no guarantee that when the effects of the pandemic subside that there will not be a later resurgence of the virus or that the demand for lodging, and consumer confidence in travel generally, will recover as quickly as other industries. The longer and more severe the pandemic, and the possibility of repeat or cyclical outbreaks of the virus beyond the one currently being experienced, the greater the material adverse effect the pandemic will have on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition, access to credit markets and ability to service our indebtedness. See “Part II - Item 1A. Risk Factors” included in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for additional information.

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Our Portfolio of Resorts
The following table presents an overview of our resorts at June 30, 2020. None of the resorts we own individually contributed more than 13.1% of our Total Net Revenue or 31.3% of our consolidated Adjusted EBITDA for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The table below is organized by our four geographic business segments: the Yucatán Peninsula, the Pacific Coast, the Dominican Republic and Jamaica.
Name of Resort 
 
Location 
 
Brand and Type 
 
Operator 
 Year Built; Significant Renovations Rooms
Owned Resorts          
Yucatán Peninsula          
Hyatt Ziva Cancún Cancún, Mexico Hyatt Ziva (all ages) Playa 1975; 1980; 1986; 2002; 2015 547
Hyatt Zilara Cancún Cancún, Mexico Hyatt Zilara (adults-only) Playa 2006; 2009; 2013; 2017 310
Panama Jack Resorts Cancún Cancún, Mexico Panama Jack (all ages) Playa 1985; 2009; 2017 458
Hilton Playa del Carmen All-Inclusive Resort (1)
 Playa del Carmen, Mexico Hilton (adults-only) Playa 2002; 2009; 2019 524
Panama Jack Resorts Playa del Carmen Playa del Carmen, Mexico Panama Jack (all ages) Playa 1996; 2006; 2012; 2017 287
Secrets Capri Riviera Maya, Mexico Secrets (adults-only) AMResorts 2003 291
Dreams Puerto Aventuras Riviera Maya, Mexico Dreams (all ages) AMResorts 1991; 2009 305
Pacific Coast          
Hyatt Ziva Los Cabos Cabo San Lucas, Mexico Hyatt Ziva (all ages) Playa 2007; 2009; 2015 591
Hyatt Ziva Puerto Vallarta Puerto Vallarta, Mexico Hyatt Ziva (all ages) Playa 1969; 1990; 2002; 2009; 2014; 2017 335
Dominican Republic          
Hilton La Romana All-Inclusive Resort (2)
 La Romana, Dominican Republic Hilton (adults-only) 
Playa (2)
 1997; 2008; 2019 356
Hilton La Romana All-Inclusive Resort (2)
 La Romana, Dominican Republic Hilton (all ages) 
Playa (2)
 1997; 2008; 2019 418
Dreams Palm Beach Punta Cana, Dominican Republic Dreams (all ages) AMResorts 1994; 2008 500
Dreams Punta Cana Punta Cana, Dominican Republic Dreams (all ages) AMResorts 2004 620
Hyatt Ziva Cap Cana Cap Cana, Dominican Republic Hyatt Ziva (all ages) Playa 2019 375
Hyatt Zilara Cap Cana Cap Cana, Dominican Republic Hyatt Zilara (adults-only) Playa 2019 375
Jamaica          
Hyatt Ziva Rose Hall Montego Bay, Jamaica Hyatt Ziva (all ages) Playa 2000; 2014; 2017 276
Hyatt Zilara Rose Hall Montego Bay, Jamaica Hyatt Zilara (adults-only) Playa 2000; 2014; 2017 344
Hilton Rose Hall Resort & Spa Montego Bay, Jamaica Hilton (all ages) Playa 1974; 2008; 2017 495
Jewel Paradise Cove Beach Resort & Spa Runaway Bay, Jamaica Jewel (adults-only) Playa 2013 225
Jewel Grande Montego Bay Resort & Spa (3)
 Montego Bay, Jamaica Jewel (all ages) Playa 2016; 2017 88
Total Rooms Owned         7,720
Managed Resorts          
Sanctuary Cap Cana (4) 
 Punta Cana, Dominican Republic Sanctuary (adults-only) Playa 2008; 2015; 2018 323
Jewel Grande Montego Bay Resort & Spa (3)
 Montego Bay, Jamaica Jewel (condo-hotel) Playa 2016; 2017 129
Total Rooms Operated         452
Total Rooms Owned and Operated         8,172
(1) Effective November 20, 2018, this resort was rebranded into Hilton all-inclusive resort. Renovations were completed in 2019.
(2) Pursuant to an agreement with Hilton, we rebranded these resorts as Hilton all-inclusive resorts in November 2018. The resorts are still owned and operated by Playa.
(3) We acquired an 88-unit tower and spa as part of the business combination with Sagicor. Additionally, we manage the majority of the units within the remaining two condo-hotel towers owned by Sagicor that comprise the Jewel Grande Montego Bay Resort & Spa.
(4) Owned by a third party.


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Results of Operations
Three Months Ended June 30, 2020 and 2019
The following table summarizes our results of operations on a consolidated basis for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 ($ in thousands):
 Three Months Ended June 30, Increase / Decrease
 2020 2019 Change % Change
Revenue       
Package$302
 $136,095
 $(135,793) (99.8)%
Non-package240
 24,428
 (24,188) (99.0)%
Management fees(18) 551
 (569) (103.3)%
Cost reimbursements458
 2,949
 (2,491) (84.5)%
Total revenue982
 164,023
 (163,041) (99.4)%
Direct and selling, general and administrative expenses       
Direct20,380
 92,582
 (72,202) (78.0)%
Selling, general and administrative19,739
 32,048
 (12,309) (38.4)%
Pre-opening
 202
 (202) (100.0)%
Depreciation and amortization22,400
 25,908
 (3,508) (13.5)%
Reimbursed costs458
 2,949
 (2,491) (84.5)%
Impairment loss25,268
 
 25,268
 100.0 %
Loss on sale of assets1,729
 
 1,729
 100.0 %
Gain on insurance proceeds(2,950) 
 (2,950) 100.0 %
Direct and selling, general and administrative expenses87,024
 153,689
 (66,665) (43.4)%
Operating (loss) income(86,042) 10,334
 (96,376) (932.6)%
Interest expense(20,916) (10,666) (10,250) 96.1 %
Other income4,853
 364
 4,489
 1,233.2 %
Net (loss) income before tax(102,105) 32
 (102,137) (319,178.1)%
Income tax benefit14,647
 1,008
 13,639
 1,353.1 %
Net (loss) income$(87,458) $1,040
 $(88,498) (8,509.4)%
The tables below set forth information for our total portfolio and our comparable portfolio with respect to our Occupancy, Net Package ADR, Net Package RevPAR, Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue, Management Fee Revenue, Total Net Revenue, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin. For a description of these operating metrics and non-U.S. GAAP measures, see “Key Indicators of Financial and Operating Performance” below. For discussion of Adjusted EBITDA and reconciliation to the most comparable U.S. GAAP financial measures, see “Key Indicators of Financial and Operating Performance” and “Non-U.S. GAAP Financial Measures” below.
Our comparable portfolio for the three months ended June 30, 2020 excludes the following resorts: Hilton La Romana All-Inclusive Resort and Hilton Playa del Carmen All-Inclusive Resort, which were under renovation in 2019, Hyatt Ziva and Hyatt Zilara Cap Cana, a ground-up development opened November 2019 and Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa and Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark, which were sold in May 2020.

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Total Portfolio
 Three Months Ended June 30, Increase / Decrease
 2020 2019 Change  % Change
Occupancy % 79.8% (79.8)pts (100.0)%
Net Package ADR$
 $257.66
 $(257.66) (100.0)%
Net Package RevPAR$
 $205.55
 $(205.55) (100.0)%
 ($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$302
 $130,896
 $(130,594) (99.8)%
Net Non-package Revenue240
 24,007
 (23,767) (99.0)%
Management Fee Revenue(18) 551
 (569) (103.3)%
Total Net Revenue524
 155,454
 (154,930) (99.7)%
Adjusted EBITDA$(31,422) $40,058
 $(71,480) (178.4)%
Adjusted EBITDA Margin(5,996.6)% 25.8% (6,022.4)pts (23,342.6)%
Comparable Portfolio
 Three Months Ended June 30, Increase / Decrease
 2020 2019 Change  % Change
Occupancy % 81.3% (81.3)pts (100.0)%
Net Package ADR$
 $265.62
 $(265.62) (100.0)%
Net Package RevPAR$
 $215.89
 $(215.89) (100.0)%
 ($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$535
 $111,412
 $(110,877) (99.5)%
Net Non-package Revenue218
 20,244
 (20,026) (98.9)%
Management Fee Revenue(18) 551
 (569) (103.3)%
Total Net Revenue735
 132,207
 (131,472) (99.4)%
Adjusted EBITDA$(24,966) $35,216
 $(60,182) (170.9)%
Adjusted EBITDA Margin(3,396.7)% 26.6% (3,423.3)pts (12,869.5)%
Total Revenue and Total Net Revenue
Our total revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $163.0 million, or 99.4%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019. Our Total Net Revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $154.9 million, or 99.7%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019. These decreases are due to the closures of all our resorts during the second quarter as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. See “Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic” above for more information regarding the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on our results of operations.

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The following table shows a reconciliation of comparable Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue and Management Fee Revenue to total revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 ($ in thousands):
 Three Months Ended June 30, Increase/Decrease
 2020 2019 Change  % Change
Net Package Revenue       
Comparable Net Package Revenue$535
 $111,412
 $(110,877) (99.5)%
Non-comparable Net Package Revenue(233) 19,484
 (19,717) (101.2)%
Net Package Revenue302
 130,896
 (130,594) (99.8)%
       

Net Non-package Revenue      

Comparable Net Non-package Revenue218
 20,244
 (20,026) (98.9)%
Non-comparable Net Non-package Revenue22
 3,763
 (3,741) (99.4)%
Net Non-package Revenue240
 24,007
 (23,767) (99.0)%
        
Management Fee Revenue      

Comparable Management Fee Revenue(18) 551
 (569) (103.3)%
Non-comparable Management Fee Revenue
 
 
  %
Management Fee Revenue(18) 551
 (569) (103.3)%
       

Total Net Revenue      

Comparable Total Net Revenue735
 132,207
 (131,472) (99.4)%
Non-comparable Total Net Revenue(211) 23,247
 (23,458) (100.9)%
Total Net Revenue524
 155,454
 (154,930) (99.7)%
Compulsory tips
 5,620
 (5,620) (100.0)%
Cost Reimbursements458
 2,949
 (2,491) (84.5)%
Total revenue$982
 $164,023
 $(163,041) (99.4)%
Comparable Total Net Revenue
Our Comparable Total Net Revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $131.5 million, or 99.4%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019. This decrease is due to the closures of all our resorts during the second quarter, a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. See “Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic” above for more information regarding the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on our results of operations.
Direct Expenses
The following table shows a reconciliation of our direct expenses to Net Direct Expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 ($ in thousands):
 Three Months Ended June 30, Increase/Decrease
 2020 2019 Change  % Change
Direct expenses$20,380
 $92,582
 $(72,202) (78.0)%
Less: compulsory tips
 5,620
 (5,620) (100.0)%
Net Direct Expenses$20,380
 $86,962
 $(66,582) (76.6)%
Our direct expenses include resort expenses, such as food and beverage, salaries and wages, utilities and other ongoing operational expenses. Our Net Direct Expenses were $20.4 million, or 3,889.3% of Total Net Revenue, for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and $87.0 million, or 55.9% of Total Net Revenue, for the three months ended June 30, 2019.
Net Direct Expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $66.6 million, or 76.6%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019. Net Direct Expenses at our comparable properties decreased $55.9 million, or 77.7%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019. Net Direct Expenses decreases are due to the closures of all our resorts during the second quarter and

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cost cutting measures taken in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. We temporarily suspended operations at all of our resorts from late March 2020 through June 2020. Direct operating expenses fluctuate based on various factors, including changes in occupancy, labor costs, utilities, repair and maintenance costs and license and property taxes. Management fees and franchise fees, which are computed as a percentage of revenue, increase/decrease as a result of changes in revenues.
Net Direct Expenses consists of the following ($ in thousands):
Total Portfolio
 Three Months Ended June 30, Increase/Decrease
 2020 2019 Change  % Change
Food and beverages$702
 $21,269
 $(20,567) (96.7)%
Salaries and wages11,393
 32,663
 (21,270) (65.1)%
Repairs and maintenance1,478
 4,183
 (2,705) (64.7)%
Utilities and sewerage3,312
 9,482
 (6,170) (65.1)%
Licenses and property taxes898
 921
 (23) (2.5)%
Incentive and management fees(256) 1,856
 (2,112) (113.8)%
Franchise / license fees1,227
 5,929
 (4,702) (79.3)%
Transportation and travel expenses74
 1,120
 (1,046) (93.4)%
Laundry and cleaning expenses270
 1,144
 (874) (76.4)%
Property and equipment rental expense(31) 923
 (954) (103.4)%
Entertainment expenses and decoration14
 1,901
 (1,887) (99.3)%
Office supplies59
 370
 (311) (84.1)%
Other operational expenses1,240
 5,201
 (3,961) (76.2)%
Total Net Direct Expenses$20,380
 $86,962
 $(66,582) (76.6)%
Comparable Portfolio
 Three Months Ended June 30, Increase/Decrease
 2020 2019 Change  % Change
Food and beverages$503
 $17,478
 $(16,975) (97.1)%
Salaries and wages8,956
 26,616
 (17,660) (66.4)%
Repairs and maintenance1,155
 3,414
 (2,259) (66.2)%
Utilities and sewerage2,426
 7,646
 (5,220) (68.3)%
Licenses and property taxes656
 556
 100
 18.0 %
Incentive and management fees(256) 1,855
 (2,111) (113.8)%
Franchise / license fees1,183
 5,456
 (4,273) (78.3)%
Transportation and travel expenses21
 883
 (862) (97.6)%
Laundry and cleaning expenses243
 853
 (610) (71.5)%
Property and equipment rental expense(16) 708
 (724) (102.3)%
Entertainment expenses and decoration19
 1,705
 (1,686) (98.9)%
Office supplies58
 327
 (269) (82.3)%
Other operational expenses1,066
 4,418
 (3,352) (75.9)%
Total Net Direct Expenses$16,014
 $71,915
 $(55,901) (77.7)%
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
Our selling, general and administrative expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $12.3 million, or 38.4%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019. These decreases were driven by the closures of all our resorts during the second quarter and cost cutting measures taken in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. We temporarily suspended operations at all of our resorts from late March 2020 through June 2020 which drove a $9.7 million decrease in advertising and commissions, a $2.0 million

33



decrease in property selling, general and administrative expenses, a $1.0 million decrease in transaction expenses and a $0.4 million decrease in professional fees. These decreases were offset by an increase of $1.0 million in insurance expense.
Depreciation and Amortization Expense
Our depreciation and amortization expense for the three months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $3.5 million, or 13.5%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019. The decrease was due to a $5.2 million decrease at our 2019 renovation properties, Hilton Playa del Carmen All-Inclusive Resort and Hilton La Romana All-Inclusive Resort that incurred accelerated depreciation in 2019. This decrease was partially offset by the opening of Hyatt Ziva and Hyatt Zilara Cap Cana in the fourth quarter of 2019, which accounted for a $2.3 million increase.
Impairment loss
Our impairment loss for the three months ended June 30, 2020 increased $25.3 million, or 100.0%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019. The increase was due to property and equipment impairment upon classification of the Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa and Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark as held for sale. For further details see Note 4 to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
Interest Expense
Our interest expense for the three months ended June 30, 2020 increased $10.3 million, or 96.1%, as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019. The increase in interest expense was driven primarily by a $5.9 million increase due to the change in fair value of our interest rate swaps. In March 2019, we elected to adopt hedge accounting and designate our interest rate swaps as cash flow hedges. After the adoption of hedge accounting, we recorded the change in fair value of our interest rate swaps through other comprehensive (loss) income. Due to the drop in interest rates, our cash flow hedge was deemed ineffective and dedesignated in March 2020, resulting in recognizing the change in fair value of our interest rate swaps through interest expense. Additionally, our interest expense increased due to $2.9 million of capitalized interest recorded in the three months ended June 30, 2019 related to our development projects in 2019. For the three months ended June 30, 2020, we did not record any capitalized interest. Finally, our interest expense increased $0.8 million due to draws on our Revolving Credit Facility.
Cash interest paid, excluding the effects of capitalized interest, increased $0.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019. Cash interest paid increased $0.8 million due to additional interest from draws on the Revolving Credit Facility. As of June 30, 2020, the total amount outstanding under our Revolving Credit Facility was $84.7 million.
Income Tax Benefit
For the three months ended June 30, 2020, our income tax benefit was $14.6 million, compared to a $1.0 million tax benefit for the three months ended June 30, 2019. See further details in Note 5 to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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Results of Operations
Six Months Ended June 30, 2020 and 2019
The following table summarizes our results of operations on a consolidated basis for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 ($ in thousands):
 Six Months Ended June 30, Increase / Decrease
 2020 2019 Change % Change
Revenue       
Package$153,357
 $305,887
 $(152,530) (49.9)%
Non-package22,818
 48,910
 (26,092) (53.3)%
Management fees627
 1,485
 (858) (57.8)%
Cost reimbursements1,408
 3,537
 (2,129) (60.2)%
Total revenue178,210
 359,819
 (181,609) (50.5)%
Direct and selling, general and administrative expenses       
Direct118,278
 186,325
 (68,047) (36.5)%
Selling, general and administrative53,571
 63,876
 (10,305) (16.1)%
Pre-opening
 291
 (291) (100.0)%
Depreciation and amortization47,359
 48,219
 (860) (1.8)%
Reimbursed costs1,408
 3,537
 (2,129) (60.2)%
Impairment loss41,441
 
 41,441
 100.0 %
Loss on sale of assets1,729
 
 1,729
 100.0 %
Gain on insurance proceeds(2,950) 
 (2,950) 100.0 %
Direct and selling, general and administrative expenses260,836
 302,248
 (41,412) (13.7)%
Operating (loss) income(82,626) 57,571
 (140,197) (243.5)%
Interest expense(41,871) (24,860) (17,011) 68.4 %
Other income (expense)947
 (238) 1,185
 (497.9)%
Net (loss) income before tax(123,550) 32,473
 (156,023) (480.5)%
Income tax benefit13,536
 11,555
 1,981
 17.1 %
Net (loss) income$(110,014) $44,028
 $(154,042) (349.9)%
The tables below set forth information for our total portfolio and comparable portfolio with respect to our Occupancy, Net Package ADR, Net Package RevPAR, Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue, Management Fee Revenue, Total Net Revenue, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin. For a description of these operating metrics and non-U.S. GAAP measures, see “Key Indicators of Financial and Operating Performance” below. For discussion of Adjusted EBITDA and reconciliation to the most comparable U.S. GAAP financial measures, see “Key Indicators of Financial and Operating Performance” and “Non-U.S. GAAP Financial Measures” below.
Our comparable portfolio for the six months ended June 30, 2020 excludes the following resorts: Hilton La Romana All-Inclusive Resort and Hilton Playa del Carmen All-Inclusive Resort, which were under renovation in 2019, Hyatt Ziva and Hyatt Zilara Cap Cana, a ground-up development opened November 2019 and Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa and Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark, which were sold in May 2020.

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Total Portfolio
 Six Months Ended June 30, Increase / Decrease
 2020 2019 Change  % Change
Occupancy33.6% 79.9% (46.3)pts (57.9)%
Net Package ADR$297.28
 $281.93
 $15.35
 5.4 %
Net Package RevPAR$100.01
 $225.37
 $(125.36) (55.6)%
 ($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$148,398
 $294,683
 $(146,285) (49.6)%
Net Non-package Revenue22,663
 48,227
 (25,564) (53.0)%
Management Fee Revenue627
 1,485
 (858) (57.8)%
Total Net Revenue171,688
 344,395
 (172,707) (50.1)%
Adjusted EBITDA$18,921
 $114,843
 $(95,922) (83.5)%
Adjusted EBITDA Margin11.0% 33.3% (22.3)pts (67.0)%
Comparable Portfolio
 Six Months Ended June 30, Increase / Decrease
 2020 2019 Change  % Change
Occupancy35.7% 82.8% (47.1)pts (56.9)%
Net Package ADR$300.49
 $289.99
 $10.50
 3.6 %
Net Package RevPAR$107.35
 $240.13
 $(132.78) (55.3)%
 ($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$110,816
 $246,236
 $(135,420) (55.0)%
Net Non-package Revenue17,829
 40,157
 (22,328) (55.6)%
Management Fee Revenue627
 1,485
 (858) (57.8)%
Total Net Revenue129,272
 287,878
 (158,606) (55.1)%
Adjusted EBITDA$12,130
 $96,094
 $(83,964) (87.4)%
Adjusted EBITDA Margin9.4% 33.4% (24.0)pts (71.9)%
Total Revenue and Total Net Revenue
Our total revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $181.6 million, or 50.5%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019. Our Total Net Revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $172.7 million, or 50.1%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019. These decreases are due to the closures of all our resorts during the second quarter as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.

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The following table shows a reconciliation of comparable Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue and Management Fee Revenue to total revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 ($ in thousands):
 Six Months Ended June 30, Increase/Decrease
 2020 2019 Change  % Change
Net Package Revenue       
Comparable Net Package Revenue$110,816
 $246,236
 $(135,420) (55.0)%
Non-comparable Net Package Revenue37,582
 48,447
 (10,865) (22.4)%
Net Package Revenue148,398
 294,683
 (146,285) (49.6)%
       

Net Non-package Revenue      

Comparable Net Non-package Revenue17,829
 40,157
 (22,328) (55.6)%
Non-comparable Net Non-package Revenue4,834
 8,070
 (3,236) (40.1)%
Net Non-package Revenue22,663
 48,227
 (25,564) (53.0)%
        
Management Fee Revenue       
Comparable Management Fee Revenue627
 1,485
 (858) (57.8)%
Non-comparable Management Fee Revenue
 
 
  %
Management Fee Revenue627
 1,485
 (858) (57.8)%
       

Total Net Revenue      

Comparable Total Net Revenue129,272
 287,878
 (158,606) (55.1)%
Non-comparable Total Net Revenue42,416
 56,517
 (14,101) (25.0)%
Total Net Revenue171,688
 344,395
 (172,707) (50.1)%
Compulsory tips5,114
 11,887
 (6,773) (57.0)%
Cost Reimbursements1,408
 3,537
 (2,129) (60.2)%
Total revenue$178,210
 $359,819
 $(181,609) (50.5)%
Comparable Total Net Revenue
Our Comparable Total Net Revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $158.6 million, or 55.1%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019. This decrease is due to the closures of all our resorts during the second quarter, a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. See “Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic” above for more information regarding the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on our results of operations.
Direct Expenses
The following table shows a reconciliation of our direct expenses to Net Direct Expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 ($ in thousands):
 Six Months Ended June 30, Increase/Decrease
 2020 2019 Change  % Change
Direct expenses$118,278
 $186,325
 $(68,047) (36.5)%
Less: compulsory tips5,114
 11,887
 (6,773) (57.0)%
Net Direct Expenses$113,164
 $174,438
 $(61,274) (35.1)%
Our direct expenses include resort expenses, such as food and beverage, salaries and wages, utilities and other ongoing operational expenses. Our Net Direct Expenses were $113.2 million, or 65.9%, of Total Net Revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and $174.4 million, or 50.7%, of Total Net Revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2019.
Net Direct Expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $61.3 million, or 35.1%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019. Net Direct Expenses at our comparable properties decreased $58.0 million, or 40.5%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019 due to the closures of all our resorts during the second quarter and cost cutting measures taken in

37



response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Direct operating expenses fluctuate based on various factors, including changes in occupancy, labor costs, utilities, repair and maintenance costs and license and property taxes. Management fees and franchise fees, which are computed as a percentage of revenue, increase/decrease as a result of changes in revenues.
Net Direct Expenses consists of the following ($ in thousands):
Total Portfolio
 Six Months Ended June 30, Increase/Decrease
 2020 2019 Change  % Change
Food and beverages$21,592
 $42,862
 $(21,270) (49.6)%
Salaries and wages49,008
 64,360
 (15,352) (23.9)%
Repairs and maintenance5,661
 7,981
 (2,320) (29.1)%
Utilities and sewerage12,975
 18,515
 (5,540) (29.9)%
Licenses and property taxes1,697
 1,825
 (128) (7.0)%
Incentive and management fees1,424
 4,462
 (3,038) (68.1)%
Franchise / license fees8,235
 12,300
 (4,065) (33.0)%
Transportation and travel expenses1,449
 2,459
 (1,010) (41.1)%
Laundry and cleaning expenses1,475
 2,310
 (835) (36.1)%
Property and equipment rental expense802
 1,910
 (1,108) (58.0)%
Entertainment expenses and decoration2,036
 3,687
 (1,651) (44.8)%
Office supplies309
 869
 (560) (64.4)%
Other operational expenses6,501
 10,898
 (4,397) (40.3)%
Total Net Direct Expenses$113,164
 $174,438
 $(61,274) (35.1)%
Comparable Portfolio
 Six Months Ended June 30, Increase/Decrease
 2020 2019 Change  % Change
Food and beverages$15,350
 $34,691
 $(19,341) (55.8)%
Salaries and wages37,997
 52,428
 (14,431) (27.5)%
Repairs and maintenance4,232
 6,420
 (2,188) (34.1)%
Utilities and sewerage9,257
 14,809
 (5,552) (37.5)%
Licenses and property taxes1,289
 1,180
 109
 9.2 %
Incentive and management fees1,424
 4,543
 (3,119) (68.7)%
Franchise / license fees6,201
 10,816
 (4,615) (42.7)%
Transportation and travel expenses904
 1,820
 (916) (50.3)%
Laundry and cleaning expenses1,026
 1,691
 (665) (39.3)%
Property and equipment rental expense678
 1,523
 (845) (55.5)%
Entertainment expenses and decoration1,565
 3,283
 (1,718) (52.3)%
Office supplies239
 765
 (526) (68.8)%
Other operational expenses5,019
 9,164
 (4,145) (45.2)%
Total Net Direct Expenses$85,181
 $143,133
 $(57,952) (40.5)%
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
Our selling, general and administrative expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $10.3 million, or 16.1%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019. These decreases are due to the closures of all our resorts during the second quarter and cost cutting measures taken in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, which drove a decrease of $10.4 million in advertising and commissions, a $2.3 million decrease in transaction expenses and a $1.7 million decrease in property selling, general and administrative expenses. These decreases were offset by an increase of $1.5 million in insurance expense, a $1.2 million increase in share-based compensation, a $1.0 million increase in corporate personnel expense and a $0.2 million increase in professional fees.

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Depreciation and Amortization Expense
Our depreciation and amortization expense for the six months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $0.9 million, or 1.8%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019. The decrease was due to a $5.0 million decrease at our 2019 renovation properties, Hilton Playa del Carmen All-Inclusive Resort and Hilton La Romana All-Inclusive Resort that incurred accelerated depreciation in 2019. This decrease was partially offset by the opening of Hyatt Ziva and Hyatt Zilara Cap Cana in the fourth quarter of 2019, which accounted for a $4.9 million increase.
Impairment Loss
Our impairment loss for the six months ended June 30, 2020 increased $41.4 million, or 100.0%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019. The increase was driven by $25.3 million of property and equipment impairment recognized upon classification of the Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa and Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark as held for sale (see Note 4 to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements). The remaining increase was due to goodwill impairment resulting from the decrease in forecasted future cash flows in the first quarter of 2020 from the temporary suspension of operations from COVID-19 (see Note 14 to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements).
Interest Expense
Our interest expense for the six months ended June 30, 2020 increased $17.0 million, or 68.4%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019. The increase in interest expense was driven primarily by a $10.3 million increase due to the change in fair value of our interest rate swaps. In March 2019, we elected to adopt hedge accounting and designate our interest rate swaps as cash flow hedges. After the adoption of hedge accounting, we recorded the change in fair value of our interest rate swaps through other comprehensive (loss) income. Due to the drop in interest rates, our cash flow hedge was deemed ineffective and dedesignated in March 2020, resulting in recognizing the change in fair value of our interest rate swaps through interest expense. Additionally, our interest expense increased due to $5.0 million of capitalized interest recorded in the six months ended June 30, 2019 for our development projects in 2019. For the six months ended June 30, 2020, we did not record any capitalized interest. Finally, our interest expense increased $1.5 million due to draws on our Revolving Credit Facility.
Cash interest paid, excluding the effects of capitalized interest, increased $1.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019. Cash interest paid increased $1.5 million due to additional interest from draws on the Revolving Credit Facility. As of June 30, 2020, the total amount outstanding under our Revolving Credit Facility was $84.7 million.
Income Tax Benefit
For the six months ended June 30, 2020, our income tax benefit was $13.5 million, compared to a $11.6 million income tax benefit for the six months ended June 30, 2019. See further details in Note 5 to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
Key Indicators of Financial and Operating Performance
We use a variety of financial and other information to monitor the financial and operating performance of our business. Some of this is financial information prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP, while other information, though financial in nature, is not prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. For reconciliations of non-U.S. GAAP financial measures to the most comparable U.S. GAAP financial measure, see “Non-U.S. GAAP Financial Measures.” Our management also uses other information that is not financial in nature, including statistical information and comparative data that are commonly used within the lodging industry to evaluate the financial and operating performance of our portfolio. Our management uses this information to measure the performance of our segments and consolidated portfolio. We use this information for planning and monitoring our business, as well as in determining management and employee compensation. These key indicators include:
Net Package Revenue
Net Non-package Revenue
Owned Net Revenue
Management Fee Revenue
Total Net Revenue
Occupancy
Net Package ADR
Net Package RevPAR

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Adjusted EBITDA
Adjusted EBITDA Margin
Owned Resort EBITDA
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin
Comparable Non-U.S. GAAP Measures
Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue, Owned Net Revenue, Management Fee Revenue, Cost Reimbursements, Total Net Revenue and Net Direct Expenses
“Net Package Revenue” is derived from the sale of all-inclusive packages, which include room accommodations, food and beverage services and entertainment activities, net of compulsory tips paid to employees. Government mandated compulsory tips in the Dominican Republic are not included in this adjustment, as they are already excluded from revenue. Revenue is recognized, net of discounts and rebates, when the rooms are occupied and/or the relevant services have been rendered. Advance deposits received from guests are deferred and included in trade and other payables until the rooms are occupied and/or the relevant services have been rendered, at which point the revenue is recognized.
“Net Non-package Revenue” represents all other revenues earned from the operations of our resorts, other than Net Package Revenue, net of compulsory tips paid to employees. Government mandated compulsory tips in the Dominican Republic are not included in this adjustment, as they are already excluded from revenue. Net Non-package Revenue includes revenue associated with guests' purchases of upgrades, premium services and amenities, such as premium rooms, dining experiences, wines and spirits and spa packages, which are not included in the all-inclusive package. Revenue not included in a guest’s all-inclusive package is recognized when the goods are consumed.
“Owned Net Revenue” represents Net Package Revenue and Net Non-package Revenue. Owned Net Revenue represents a key indicator to assess the overall performance of our business and analyze trends, such as consumer demand, brand preference and competition. In analyzing our Owned Net Revenues, our management differentiates between Net Package Revenue and Net Non-package Revenue. Guests at our resorts purchase packages at stated rates, which include room accommodations, food and beverage services and entertainment activities, in contrast to other lodging business models, which typically only include the room accommodations in the stated rate. The amenities at all-inclusive resorts typically include a variety of buffet and á la carte restaurants, bars, activities, and shows and entertainment throughout the day.
“Management Fee Revenue” is derived from fees earned for managing hotels owned by third-parties. The fees earned are typically composed of a base fee, which is computed as a percentage of revenue, and an incentive fee, which is computed as a percentage of profitability. Management Fee Revenue had a minor contribution to our operating results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, but we expect Management Fee Revenue to be a more relevant indicator to assess the overall performance of our business in the future as we enter into more management contracts.
“Total Net Revenue” represents Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue and Management Fee Revenue. “Cost Reimbursements” is excluded from Total Net Revenue as it is not considered a key indicator of financial and operating performance. Cost Reimbursements is derived from the reimbursement of certain costs incurred by Playa on behalf of resorts managed by Playa and owned by third parties. This revenue is fully offset by reimbursable costs and has no net impact on operating (loss) income or net (loss) income.
“Net Direct Expenses” represents direct expenses, net of compulsory tips paid to employees.
Occupancy
“Occupancy” represents the total number of rooms sold for a period divided by the total number of rooms available during such period. The total number of rooms available excludes any rooms considered “Out of Order” due to renovation or a temporary problem rendering them inadequate for occupancy for an extended period of time. Occupancy is a useful measure of the utilization of a resort’s total available capacity and can be used to gauge demand at a specific resort or group of properties during a given period. Occupancy levels also enable us to optimize Net Package ADR by increasing or decreasing the stated rate for our all-inclusive packages as demand for a resort increases or decreases.
Net Package ADR
“Net Package ADR” represents total Net Package Revenue for a period divided by the total number of rooms sold during such period. Net Package ADR trends and patterns provide useful information concerning the pricing environment and the nature of the guest base of our portfolio or comparable portfolio, as applicable. Net Package ADR is a commonly used performance measure in the

40



all-inclusive segment of the lodging industry, and is commonly used to assess the stated rates that guests are willing to pay through various distribution channels.
Net Package RevPAR
“Net Package RevPAR” is the product of Net Package ADR and the average daily occupancy percentage. Net Package RevPAR does not reflect the impact of non-package revenue. Although Net Package RevPAR does not include this additional revenue, it generally is considered the key performance measure in the all-inclusive segment of the lodging industry to identify trend information with respect to net room revenue produced by our portfolio or comparable portfolio, as applicable, and to evaluate operating performance on a consolidated basis or a regional basis, as applicable.
EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, Owned Resort EBITDA, Owned Resort EBITDA Margin and Adjusted EBITDA Margin
We define EBITDA, a non-U.S. GAAP financial measure, as net income or loss, determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP, for the period presented, before interest expense, income tax and depreciation and amortization expense. We define Adjusted EBITDA, a non-U.S. GAAP financial measure, as EBITDA further adjusted to exclude the following items:
Other income or expense
Pre-opening expense
Transaction expenses
Severance expense
Other tax expense
Gain on property damage insurance proceeds
Share-based compensation
Loss on extinguishment of debt
Other items which may include, but are not limited to the following: management contract termination fees; gains or losses from legal settlements; repairs from hurricanes and tropical storms and impairment losses.
We include the non-service cost components of net periodic pension cost or benefit recorded within other income (expense) in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations in calculating Adjusted EBITDA as they are considered part of our ongoing resort operations.
“Owned Resort EBITDA” represents Adjusted EBITDA before corporate expenses and Management Fee Revenue.
“Owned Resort EBITDA Margin” represents Owned Resort EBITDA as a percentage of Owned Net Revenue.
“Adjusted EBITDA Margin” represents Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of Total Net Revenue.
Non-U.S. GAAP Measures
We believe that each of Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue, Owned Net Revenue, Total Net Revenue, Net Package ADR, Net Package RevPAR and Net Direct Expenses are useful to investors as they reflect our operating results by excluding compulsory tips. These tips have a margin of zero and do not represent our operating results.
We also believe that Adjusted EBITDA is useful to investors for two principal reasons. First, we believe Adjusted EBITDA assists investors in comparing our performance over various reporting periods on a consistent basis by removing from our operating results the impact of items that do not reflect our core operating performance. For example, changes in foreign exchange rates (which are the principal driver of changes in other expense), and expenses related to capital raising, strategic initiatives and other corporate initiatives, such as expansion into new markets (which are the principal drivers of changes in transaction expenses), are not indicative of the operating performance of our resorts. The other adjustments included in our definition of Adjusted EBITDA relate to items that occur infrequently and therefore would obstruct the comparability of our operating results over reporting periods. For example, revenue from insurance policies, other than business interruption insurance policies, is infrequent in nature, and we believe excluding these expense and revenue items permits investors to better evaluate the core operating performance of our resorts over time. We believe Adjusted EBITDA Margin provides our investors a useful measurement of operating profitability for the same reasons we find Adjusted EBITDA useful.

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The second principal reason that we believe Adjusted EBITDA is useful to investors is that it is considered a key performance indicator by our board of directors (our “Board”) and management. In addition, the compensation committee of our Board determines the annual variable compensation for certain members of our management based, in part, on consolidated Adjusted EBITDA. We believe that Adjusted EBITDA is useful to investors because it provides investors with information utilized by our Board and management to assess our performance and may (subject to the limitations described below) enable investors to compare the performance of our portfolio to our competitors.
Our non-U.S. GAAP financial measures are not substitutes for revenue, net income or any other measure determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP. There are limitations to the utility of non-U.S. GAAP financial measures, such as Adjusted EBITDA. For example, other companies in our industry may define Adjusted EBITDA differently than we do. As a result, it may be difficult to use Adjusted EBITDA or similarly named non-U.S. GAAP financial measures that other companies publish to compare the performance of those companies to our performance. Because of these limitations, our non-U.S. GAAP financial measures should not be considered as a measure of the income or loss generated by our business or discretionary cash available for investment in our business, and investors should carefully consider our U.S. GAAP results presented.
For a reconciliation of EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Owned Resort EBITDA to net income as computed under U.S. GAAP, see “Non-U.S. GAAP Financial Measures.”
Comparable Non-U.S. GAAP Measures
We believe that presenting Adjusted EBITDA, Total Net Revenue, Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue and Net Direct Expenses on a comparable basis is useful to investors because these measures include only the results of resorts owned and in operation for the entirety of the periods presented and thereby eliminate disparities in results due to the acquisition or disposition of resorts or the impact of resort closures or re-openings in connection with redevelopment or renovation projects. As a result, we believe these measures provide more consistent metrics for comparing the performance of our operating resorts. We calculate comparable Adjusted EBITDA, comparable Total Net Revenue, comparable Net Package Revenue and comparable Net Non-package Revenue as the total amount of each respective measure less amounts attributable to non-comparable resorts, by which we mean resorts that were not owned or in operation during some or all of the relevant reporting period.
Our comparable resorts for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 excludes the following resorts: Hilton La Romana All-Inclusive Resort and Hilton Playa del Carmen All-Inclusive Resort, which were under renovation in 2019, Hyatt Ziva and Hyatt Zilara Cap Cana, a ground-up development opened November 2019 and Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa and Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark which were sold in May 2020.
A reconciliation of net income as computed under U.S. GAAP to comparable Adjusted EBITDA is presented in “Non-U.S. GAAP Financial Measures,” below. For a reconciliation of Comparable Net Package Revenue, Comparable Net Non-package Revenue, Comparable Management Fee Revenue and Comparable Total Net Revenue to total revenue as computed under U.S. GAAP, see “Results of Operations.”


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Segment Results
Three Months Ended June 30, 2020 and 2019
We evaluate our business segment operating performance using segment Owned Net Revenue and segment Owned Resort EBITDA. The following tables summarize segment Owned Net Revenue and segment Owned Resort EBITDA for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 ($ in thousands):
 Three Months Ended June 30, Increase / Decrease
 2020 2019 Change % Change
Owned Net Revenue       
Yucatán Peninsula$21
 $59,772
 $(59,751) (100.0)%
Pacific Coast(74) 22,087
 (22,161) (100.3)%
Dominican Republic11
 22,566
 (22,555) (100.0)%
Jamaica564
 50,464
 (49,900) (98.9)%
Segment Owned Net Revenue522
 154,889
 (154,367) (99.7)%
Other20
 14
 6
 42.9 %
Management fees(18) 551
 (569) (103.3)%
Total Net Revenue$524
 $155,454
 $(154,930) (99.7)%
 Three Months Ended June 30, Increase / Decrease
 2020 2019 Change % Change
Owned Resort EBITDA       
Yucatán Peninsula$(8,004) $21,151
 $(29,155) (137.8)%
Pacific Coast(2,816) 8,569
 (11,385) (132.9)%
Dominican Republic(4,881) 5,043
 (9,924) (196.8)%
Jamaica(8,097) 14,631
 (22,728) (155.3)%
Segment Owned Resort EBITDA(23,798) 49,394
 (73,192) (148.2)%
Other corporate(7,606) (9,887) 2,281
 (23.1)%
Management fees(18) 551
 (569) (103.3)%
Total Adjusted EBITDA$(31,422) $40,058
 $(71,480) (178.4)%
For a reconciliation of segment Owned Net Revenue and segment Owned Resort EBITDA to total revenue and net income, respectively, each as computed under U.S. GAAP, see Note 15 to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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Yucatán Peninsula
The following tables set forth information with respect to our Occupancy, Net Package ADR, Net Package RevPAR, Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue, Owned Net Revenue, Owned Resort EBITDA and Owned Resort EBITDA Margin for our Yucatán Peninsula segment for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 for the total segment portfolio and comparable segment portfolio:
Total Portfolio
 Three Months Ended June 30, Increase / Decrease
 2020 2019 
Change 
 % Change 
Occupancy % 84.4% (84.4)pts (100.0)%
Net Package ADR$
 $256.75
 $(256.75) (100.0)%
Net Package RevPAR$
 $216.78
 $(216.78) (100.0)%
 ($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$(167) $51,626
 $(51,793) (100.3)%
Net Non-package Revenue188
 8,146
 (7,958) (97.7)%
Owned Net Revenue21
 59,772
 (59,751) (100.0)%
Owned Resort EBITDA$(8,004) $21,151
 $(29,155) (137.8)%
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin(38,114.3)% 35.4% (38,149.7)pts (107,767.5)%
Comparable Portfolio
 Three Months Ended June 30, Increase / Decrease
 2020 2019 
Change 
 % Change 
Occupancy % 84.7% (84.7)pts (100.0)%
Net Package ADR$
 $259.07
 $(259.07) (100.0)%
Net Package RevPAR$
 $219.39
 $(219.39) (100.0)%
 ($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$(73) $43,864
 $(43,937) (100.2)%
Net Non-package Revenue169
 6,784
 (6,615) (97.5)%
Owned Net Revenue96
 50,648
 (50,552) (99.8)%
Owned Resort EBITDA$(6,735) $18,458
 $(25,193) (136.5)%
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin(7,015.6)% 36.4% (7,052.0)pts (19,373.6)%
Segment Comparable Owned Net Revenue. Our Comparable Owned Net Revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $50.6 million, or 99.8%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019. These decreases are a result of the temporary suspension of operations at all of our resorts from late March 2020 through June 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Segment Comparable Owned Resort EBITDA. Our Comparable Owned Resort EBITDA for the three months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $25.2 million, or 136.5%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019. These decreases are a result of the temporary suspension of operations at all of our resorts from late March 2020 through June 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Pacific Coast
The following tables set forth information with respect to our Occupancy, Net Package ADR, Net Package RevPAR, Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue, Owned Net Revenue, Owned Resort EBITDA and Owned Resort EBITDA Margin for our Pacific Coast segment for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 for the total segment portfolio:
 Three Months Ended June 30, Increase / Decrease
 2020 2019 Change % Change
Occupancy% 76.6% (76.6)pts (100.0)%
Net Package ADR$
 $295.48
 $(295.48) (100.0)%
Net Package RevPAR$
 $226.37
 $(226.37) (100.0)%
 ($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$(89) $19,076
 $(19,165) (100.5)%
Net Non-package Revenue15
 3,011
 (2,996) (99.5)%
Owned Net Revenue(74) 22,087
 (22,161) (100.3)%
Owned Resort EBITDA$(2,816) $8,569
 $(11,385) (132.9)%
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin3,805.4% 38.8% 3,766.6 pts 9,707.7 %
Segment Owned Net Revenue. Our Owned Net Revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $22.2 million, or 100.3%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019. These decreases are a result of the temporary suspension of operations at all of our resorts from late March 2020 through June 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Segment Owned Resort EBITDA. Our Owned Resort EBITDA for the three months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $11.4 million, or 132.9%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019. These decreases are a result of the temporary suspension of operations at all of our resorts from late March 2020 through June 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Dominican Republic
The following table sets forth information with respect to our Occupancy, Net Package ADR, Net Package RevPAR, Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue, Owned Net Revenue, Owned Resort EBITDA and Owned Resort EBITDA Margin for our Dominican Republic segment for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 for the total segment portfolio and comparable segment portfolio:
Total Portfolio
 Three Months Ended June 30, Increase / Decrease
 2020 2019 Change % Change
Occupancy % 72.6% (72.6)pts (100.0)%
Net Package ADR$
 $182.37
 $(182.37) (100.0)%
Net Package RevPAR$
 $132.34
 $(132.34) (100.0)%
 ($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$(178) $18,171
 $(18,349) (101.0)%
Net Non-package Revenue189
 4,395
 (4,206) (95.7)%
Owned Net Revenue11
 22,566
 (22,555) (100.0)%
Owned Resort EBITDA$(4,881) $5,043
 $(9,924) (196.8)%
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin(44,372.7)% 22.3% (44,395.0)pts (199,080.7)%

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Comparable Portfolio
 Three Months Ended June 30, Increase / Decrease
 2020 2019 Change % Change
Occupancy % 79.7% (79.7)pts (100.0)%
Net Package ADR$
 $186.98
 $(186.98) (100.0)%
Net Package RevPAR$
 $149.03
 $(149.03) (100.0)%
 ($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$(6) $15,189
 $(15,195) (100.0)%
Net Non-package Revenue92
 3,735
 (3,643) (97.5)%
Owned Net Revenue86
 18,924
 (18,838) (99.5)%
Owned Resort EBITDA$(1,092) $5,751
 $(6,843) (119.0)%
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin(1,269.8)% 30.4% (1,300.2)pts (4,277.0)%
Segment Comparable Owned Net Revenue. Our Comparable Owned Net Revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $18.8 million, or 99.5%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019. These decreases are a result of the temporary suspension of operations at all of our resorts from late March 2020 through June 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Segment Comparable Owned Resort EBITDA. Our Comparable Owned Resort EBITDA for the three months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $6.8 million, or 119.0%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019. These decreases are a result of the temporary suspension of operations at all of our resorts from late March 2020 through June 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Jamaica
The following table sets forth information with respect to our Occupancy, Net Package ADR, Net Package RevPAR, Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue, Owned Net Revenue, Owned Resort EBITDA and Owned Resort EBITDA Margin for our Jamaica segment for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 for the total segment portfolio and comparable segment portfolio:
Total Portfolio
 Three Months Ended June 30, Increase / Decrease
 2020 2019 Change % Change
Occupancy % 80.6% (80.6)pts (100.0)%
Net Package ADR$
 $294.39
 $(294.39) (100.0)%
Net Package RevPAR$
 $237.30
 $(237.30) (100.0)%
 ($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$736
 $42,023
 $(41,287) (98.2)%
Net Non-package Revenue(172) 8,441
 (8,613) (102.0)%
Owned Net Revenue564
 50,464
 (49,900) (98.9)%
Owned Resort EBITDA$(8,097) $14,631
 $(22,728) (155.3)%
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin(1,435.6)% 29.0% (1,464.6)pts (5,050.3)%

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Comparable Portfolio    
 Three Months Ended June 30, Increase / Decrease
 2020 2019 Change % Change
Occupancy % 80.3% (80.3)pts (100.0)%
Net Package ADR$
 $318.98
 $(318.98) (100.0)%
Net Package RevPAR$
 $256.12
 $(256.12) (100.0)%
 ($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$703
 $33,283
 $(32,580) (97.9)%
Net Non-package Revenue(78) 6,700
 (6,778) (101.2)%
Owned Net Revenue625
 39,983
 (39,358) (98.4)%
Owned Resort EBITDA$(6,699) $11,774
 $(18,473) (156.9)%
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin(1,071.8)% 29.4% (1,101.2)pts (3,745.6)%
Segment Comparable Owned Net Revenue. Our Comparable Owned Net Revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $39.4 million, or 98.4%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019. These decreases are a result of the temporary suspension of operations at all of our resorts from late March 2020 through June 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Segment Comparable Owned Resort EBITDA. Our Comparable Owned Resort EBITDA for the three months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $18.5 million, or 156.9%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019. These decreases are a result of the temporary suspension of operations at all of our resorts from late March 2020 through June 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Segment Results
Six Months Ended June 30, 2020 and 2019
We evaluate our business segment operating performance using segment Owned Net Revenue and segment Owned Resort EBITDA. The following tables summarize segment Owned Net Revenue and segment Owned Resort EBITDA for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 ($ in thousands):
 Six Months Ended June 30, Increase / Decrease
 2020 2019 
Change 
 
% Change 
Owned Net Revenue       
Yucatán Peninsula$62,338
 $129,985
 $(67,647) (52.0)%
Pacific Coast21,081
 47,657
 (26,576) (55.8)%
Dominican Republic35,607
 55,641
 (20,034) (36.0)%
Jamaica52,000
 109,611
 (57,611) (52.6)%
Segment Owned Net Revenue171,026
 342,894
 (171,868) (50.1)%
Other35
 16
 19
 118.8 %
Management Fee Revenue627
 1,485
 (858) (57.8)%
Total Net Revenue$171,688
 $344,395
 $(172,707) (50.1)%

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 Six Months Ended June 30, Increase / Decrease
 2020 2019 
Change 
 % Change
Owned Resort EBITDA       
Yucatán Peninsula$16,931
 $53,310
 $(36,379) (68.2)%
Pacific Coast6,056
 20,956
 (14,900) (71.1)%
Dominican Republic2,908
 18,506
 (15,598) (84.3)%
Jamaica10,976
 38,979
 (28,003) (71.8)%
Segment Owned Resort EBITDA36,871
 131,751
 (94,880) (72.0)%
Other corporate(18,577) (18,393) (184) 1.0 %
Management Fee Revenue627
 1,485
 (858) (57.8)%
Total Adjusted EBITDA$18,921
 $114,843
 $(95,922) (83.5)%
For a reconciliation of segment Owned Net Revenue and segment Owned Resort EBITDA to total revenue and net income, respectively, each as computed under U.S. GAAP, see Note 15 to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
Yucatán Peninsula
The following tables set forth information with respect to our Occupancy, Net Package ADR, Net Package RevPAR, Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue, Owned Net Revenue, Owned Resort EBITDA and Owned Resort EBITDA Margin for our Yucatán Peninsula segment for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 for the total segment portfolio and comparable segment portfolio:
Total Portfolio
 Six Months Ended June 30, Increase / Decrease
 2020 2019 
Change 
 % Change 
Occupancy37.0% 84.8% (47.8)pts (56.4)%
Net Package ADR$298.32
 $279.62
 $18.70
 6.7 %
Net Package RevPAR$110.45
 $236.98
 $(126.53) (53.4)%
 ($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$54,719
 $114,195
 $(59,476) (52.1)%
Net Non-package Revenue7,619
 15,790
 (8,171) (51.7)%
Owned Net Revenue62,338
 129,985
 (67,647) (52.0)%
Owned Resort EBITDA$16,931
 $53,310
 $(36,379) (68.2)%
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin27.2% 41.0% (13.8)pts (33.7)%
Comparable Portfolio
 Six Months Ended June 30, Increase / Decrease
 2020 2019 
Change 
 % Change 
Occupancy37.4% 85.5% (48.1)pts (56.3)%
Net Package ADR$296.38
 $279.82
 $16.56
 5.9 %
Net Package RevPAR$110.77
 $239.15
 $(128.38) (53.7)%
 ($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$44,310
 $95,058
 $(50,748) (53.4)%
Net Non-package Revenue6,044
 13,094
 (7,050) (53.8)%
Owned Net Revenue50,354
 108,152
 (57,798) (53.4)%
Owned Resort EBITDA$13,070
 $44,272
 $(31,202) (70.5)%
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin26.0% 40.9% (14.9)pts (36.4)%
 Segment Comparable Owned Net Revenue. Our Comparable Owned Net Revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $57.8 million, or 53.4%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019. These decreases are a result of the temporary suspension of operations at all of our resorts from late March 2020 through June 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Segment Comparable Owned Resort EBITDA. Our Comparable Owned Resort EBITDA for the six months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $31.2 million, or 70.5%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019. These decreases are a result of the temporary suspension of operations at all of our resorts from late March 2020 through June 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Pacific Coast
The following tables set forth information with respect to our Occupancy, Net Package ADR, Net Package RevPAR, Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue, Owned Net Revenue, Owned Resort EBITDA and Owned Resort EBITDA Margin for our Pacific Coast segment for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 for the total segment portfolio:
 Six Months Ended June 30, Increase / Decrease
 2020 2019 Change % Change
Occupancy31.2% 76.2% (45.0)pts (59.1)%
Net Package ADR$342.58
 $321.38
 $21.20
 6.6 %
Net Package RevPAR$106.93
 $244.91
 $(137.98) (56.3)%
 ($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$18,021
 $41,048
 $(23,027) (56.1)%
Net Non-package Revenue3,060
 6,609
 (3,549) (53.7)%
Owned Net Revenue21,081
 47,657
 (26,576) (55.8)%
Owned Resort EBITDA$6,056
 $20,956
 $(14,900) (71.1)%
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin28.7% 44.0% (15.3)pts (34.8)%
Segment Owned Net Revenue. Our Owned Net Revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $26.6 million, or 55.8%, six months ended June 30, 2019. These decreases are a result of the temporary suspension of operations at all of our resorts from late March 2020 through June 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Segment Owned Resort EBITDA. Our Owned Resort EBITDA for the six months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $14.9 million, or 71.1%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019. These decreases are a result of the temporary suspension of operations at all of our resorts from late March 2020 through June 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Dominican Republic
The following tables set forth information with respect to our Occupancy, Net Package ADR, Net Package RevPAR, Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue, Owned Net Revenue, Owned Resort EBITDA and Owned Resort EBITDA Margin for our Dominican Republic segment for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 for the total segment portfolio and comparable segment portfolio:
Total Portfolio
 Six Months Ended June 30, Increase / Decrease
 2020 2019 Change % Change
Occupancy28.6% 72.2% (43.6)pts (60.4)%
Net Package ADR$226.04
 $210.59
 $15.45
 7.3 %
Net Package RevPAR$64.74
 $152.10
 $(87.36) (57.4)%
 ($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$31,152
 $46,646
 $(15,494) (33.2)%
Net Non-package Revenue4,455
 8,995
 (4,540) (50.5)%
Owned Net Revenue35,607
 55,641
 (20,034) (36.0)%
Owned Resort EBITDA$2,908
 $18,506
 $(15,598) (84.3)%
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin8.2% 33.3% (25.1)pts (75.4)%

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Comparable Portfolio
 Six Months Ended June 30, Increase / Decrease
 2020 2019 Change % Change
Occupancy36.7% 84.5% (47.8)pts (56.6)%
Net Package ADR$180.36
 $213.01
 $(32.65) (15.3)%
Net Package RevPAR$66.19
 $179.89
 $(113.70) (63.2)%
 ($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$13,493
 $36,468
 $(22,975) (63.0)%
Net Non-package Revenue2,579
 7,048
 (4,469) (63.4)%
Owned Net Revenue16,072
 43,516
 (27,444) (63.1)%
Owned Resort EBITDA$2,787
 $15,976
 $(13,189) (82.6)%
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin17.3% 36.7% (19.4)pts (52.9)%
Segment Comparable Owned Net Revenue. Our Comparable Owned Net Revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $27.4 million, or 63.1%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019. These decreases are a result of the temporary suspension of operations at all of our resorts from late March 2020 through June 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Segment Comparable Owned Resort EBITDA. Our Comparable Owned Resort EBITDA for the six months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $13.2 million, or 82.6%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019. These decreases are a result of the temporary suspension of operations at all of our resorts from late March 2020 through June 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Jamaica
The following table sets forth information with respect to our Occupancy, Net Package ADR, Net Package RevPAR, Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue, Owned Net Revenue, Owned Resort EBITDA and Owned Resort EBITDA Margin for our Jamaica segment for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 for the total segment portfolio:
Total Portfolio
 Six Months Ended June 30, Increase / Decrease
 2020 2019 Change % Change
Occupancy37.0% 81.9% (44.9)pts (54.8)%
Net Package ADR$355.09
 $322.63
 $32.46
 10.1 %
Net Package RevPAR$131.43
 $264.10
 $(132.67) (50.2)%
 ($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$44,506
 $92,794
 $(48,288) (52.0)%
Net Non-package Revenue7,494
 16,817
 (9,323) (55.4)%
Owned Net Revenue52,000
 109,611
 (57,611) (52.6)%
Owned Resort EBITDA$10,976
 $38,979
 $(28,003) (71.8)%
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin21.1% 35.6% (14.5)pts (40.7)%
Comparable Portfolio    
 Six Months Ended June 30, Increase / Decrease
 2020 2019 Change % Change
Occupancy35.3% 81.7% (46.4)pts (56.8)%
Net Package ADR$380.91
 $349.98
 $30.93
 8.8 %
Net Package RevPAR$134.64
 $285.95
 $(151.31) (52.9)%
 ($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$34,992
 $73,662
 (38,670) (52.5)%
Net Non-package Revenue6,111
 13,390
 (7,279) (54.4)%
Owned Net Revenue41,103
 87,052
 (45,949) (52.8)%
Owned Resort EBITDA$8,167
 $31,798
 $(23,631) (74.3)%
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin19.9% 36.5% (16.6)pts (45.5)%

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Segment Comparable Owned Net Revenue. Our Owned Net Revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $45.9 million, or 52.8%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019. These decreases are a result of the temporary suspension of operations at all of our resorts from late March 2020 through June 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Segment Comparable Owned Resort EBITDA. Our Owned Resort EBITDA for the six months ended June 30, 2020 decreased $23.6 million, or 74.3%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019. These decreases are a result of the temporary suspension of operations at all of our resorts from late March 2020 through June 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Non-U.S. GAAP Financial Measures
Reconciliation of Net Income to Adjusted EBITDA (Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization)
The following is a reconciliation of our U.S. GAAP net (loss) income to EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, Owned Resort EBITDA and Comparable Owned Resort EBITDA for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 ($ in thousands):
 Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
 2020 2019 2020 2019
Net (loss) income$(87,458) $1,040
 $(110,014) $44,028
Interest expense20,916
 10,666
 41,871
 24,860
Income tax benefit(14,647) (1,008) (13,536) (11,555)
Depreciation and amortization22,400
 25,908
 47,359
 48,219
EBITDA(58,789) 36,606
 (34,320) 105,552
Other (income) expense (a)
(4,853) (364) (947) 238
Share-based compensation2,719
 2,014
 5,942
 4,762
Pre-opening expenses
 202
 
 291
Transaction expense (b)
289
 1,273
 875
 3,240
Severance expense (c)
1,246
 133
 2,444
 133
Other tax expense (d)
231
 443
 468
 802
Impairment loss (e)
25,268
 
 41,441
 
Loss on sale of assets1,729
 
 1,729
 
Non-service cost components of net periodic pension benefit (cost) (f)
738
 (249) 1,289
 (175)
Adjusted EBITDA(31,422) 40,058
 18,921
 114,843
Other corporate7,606
 9,887
 18,577
 18,393
Management fee income18
 (551) (627) (1,485)
Owned Resort EBITDA(23,798) 49,394
 36,871
 131,751
Less: Non-comparable Owned Resort EBITDA(6,456) 4,842
 6,791
 18,749
Comparable Owned Resort EBITDA (g)
$(17,342) $44,552
 $30,080
 $113,002
________
(a)
Represents changes in foreign exchange and other miscellaneous expenses or income.
(b) 
Represents expenses incurred in connection with corporate initiatives, such as: debt refinancing costs; other capital raising efforts; the redesign and build-out of our internal controls and strategic initiatives, such as the launch of a new resort or possible expansion into new markets.
(c) 
Represents expenses incurred for employee terminations.
(d) 
Relates primarily to a Dominican Republic asset/revenue tax, which is an alternative tax to income tax in the Dominican Republic. We eliminate this expense from Adjusted EBITDA because it is substantially similar to the income tax provision we eliminate from our calculation of EBITDA.
(e) 
Represents the property and equipment impairment loss related to the sale of Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa and Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark recognized during the second quarter of 2020 and the impairment loss on the goodwill of our Jewel Paradise Cove Beach Resort & Spa, Jewel Dunn's River Beach Resort and Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark reporting units recognized during the first quarter of 2020.
(f) 
Represents the non-service cost components of net periodic pension benefit (cost) recorded within other income (expense) in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations. Previously, these amounts were presented within direct expense. We include these benefits (costs) for the purposes of calculating Adjusted EBITDA as they are considered part of our ongoing resort operations.  
(g) 
Comparable resorts for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 exclude the following: Hilton La Romana All-Inclusive Resort and Hilton Playa del Carmen All-Inclusive Resort, which were under renovation in 2019, Hyatt Ziva and Hyatt Zilara Cap Cana, a ground-up development opened November 2019 and Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa and Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark which were sold in May 2020.

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Seasonality
The seasonality of the lodging industry and the location of our resorts in Mexico and the Caribbean generally result in the greatest demand for our resorts between mid-December and April of each year, yielding higher occupancy levels and package rates during this period. This seasonality in demand has resulted in predictable fluctuations in revenue, results of operations, and liquidity, which are consistently higher during the first quarter of each year than in successive quarters.
However, the COVID-19 pandemic has altered this seasonal trend in 2020. See “Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic” above for more information regarding the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on our results of operations.
Inflation
Operators of lodging properties, in general, possess the ability to adjust room rates to reflect the effects of inflation. However, competitive pressures, in addition to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, may limit our ability to raise room rates to fully offset inflationary cost increases. See “Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic” above for more information regarding the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on our results of operations.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
The suspension of operations of all of our resorts, which account for all of our revenue, as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic from late March until July 2020, and the phased re-opening thereafter, has had a significant adverse effect on our liquidity. Our cash flow from operations as of June 30, 2020 was a loss of $28.4 million and could remain negative for the third quarter of 2020 and be adversely affected for the duration of the COVID-19 pandemic. As of July 31, 2020 we had approximately $228.0 million of available cash excluding $25.7 million of restricted cash. See “Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic” above for information regarding the measures we have taken to preserve our available cash.
Our primary short-term cash needs are paying operating expenses, maintaining our resorts, and servicing our outstanding indebtedness. As of June 30, 2020, we had $45.8 million of scheduled contractual obligations remaining in 2020. We have deferred substantially all development, expansion, renovation, repositioning and rebranding projects until at least 2021, with timing subject to the duration of the COVID-19 pandemic and the pace at which our business returns to more normalized levels.
We expect to meet our short-term liquidity requirements generally through existing cash balances, the sale of non-core assets and, if necessary, additional borrowings or equity issuances. On June 12, 2020, we announced that we had raised $224.0 million of additional capital from affiliates of Davidson Kempner Capital Management LP in the form of $204.0 million of additional debt financing and $20.0 million of equity financing at a price of $4.10 per share. In addition, we sold Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa and Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark for a total consideration of $60.0 million in cash in the second quarter.
Long-term liquidity needs may include property developments, expansions, renovations, repositioning and rebranding projects, potential acquisitions and the repayment of indebtedness. As of June 30, 2020, our total debt obligations were $1,270.1 million (which represents the principal amounts outstanding under our Revolving Credit Facility, Term Loans and Property Loan, excluding a $6.3 million issuance discount on our Term Loan and $11.9 million of unamortized debt issuance costs). We expect to meet our long-term liquidity requirements generally through the sources available for short-term needs, as well as equity or debt issuances or proceeds from the potential disposal of assets.
We are continuing to monitor our liquidity and we may pursue additional sources of liquidity as needed. The availability of additional liquidity options will depend on the economic and financial environment, our credit, our historical and projected financial and operating performance and continued compliance with financial covenants. If operating conditions do not improve, whether as a result of the current pandemic or a resurgence thereof or for other reasons, we may not be able to maintain our current liquidity position or access additional sources of liquidity at acceptable terms or at all.
Financing Strategy
We intend to use other financing sources that may be available to us from time to time, including financing from banks, institutional investors or other lenders, such as bridge loans, letters of credit, joint ventures and other arrangements. Future financings may be unsecured or may be secured by mortgages or other interests in our assets. In addition, we may issue publicly or privately placed debt or equity securities. When possible and desirable, we will seek to replace short-term financing with long-term financing. We may use the proceeds from any financings to refinance existing indebtedness, to finance resort projects or acquisitions or for general working capital or other purposes.

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Our indebtedness may be recourse, non-recourse or cross-collateralized and may be fixed rate or variable rate. If the indebtedness is non-recourse, the obligation to repay such indebtedness will generally be limited to the particular resort or resorts pledged to secure such indebtedness. In addition, we may invest in resorts subject to existing loans secured by mortgages or similar liens on the resorts or may refinance resorts acquired on a leveraged basis.
Cash Flows
The following table summarizes our net cash provided by or used in operating activities, investing activities and financing activities for the periods indicated and should be read in conjunction with our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows and accompanying notes thereto ($ in thousands):
 Six Months Ended June 30,
 2020 2019
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities$(28,396) $86,076
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities$58,862
 $(88,947)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities$227,544
 $(8,972)
Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities
Our net cash (used in) provided by operating activities is generated primarily from operating (loss or) income from our resorts. For the six months ended June 30, 2020, our net cash used in operating activities was $28.4 million. For the six months ended June 30, 2019 our net cash provided by operating activities was $86.1 million.
Net loss of $110.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 included significant non-cash expenses, including $47.4 million of depreciation and amortization, $41.4 million of impairment losses, $5.9 million of share-based compensation, and a $11.4 million loss on the fair value of our interest rate swaps, offset by changes in our assets and liabilities through the normal course of operations.
Net income of $44.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019 included significant non-cash and cash expenses, including $48.2 million of depreciation and amortization, $4.8 million of share based compensation, and a $1.1 million loss on the fair value of our interest rates swaps, offset by changes in our assets and liabilities through the normal course of operations.
Net Cash Provided by or Used in Investing Activities
For the six months ended June 30, 2020, our net cash provided by investing activities was $58.9 million. For the six months ended June 30, 2019 our net cash used in financing activities was $88.9 million.
Activity for the six months ended June 30, 2020:
Net proceeds from the sale of assets of $58.1 million;
Purchases of property and equipment of $7.4 million; and
Receipt of key money of $8.5 million.
Activity for the six months ended June 30, 2019:
Purchases of property and equipment of $92.0 million;
Purchase of intangibles of $1.4 million;
Property damage insurance proceeds of $2.0 million; and
Receipt of key money of $2.5 million.
Capital Expenditures
We maintain each of our properties in good repair and condition and in conformity with applicable laws and regulations, franchise and license agreements and management agreements. Capital expenditures made to extend the service life or increase the capacity of

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our assets, including expenditures for the replacement, improvement or expansion of existing capital assets (“Maintenance Capital Expenditures”), differ from ongoing repair and maintenance expense items, which do not in our judgment extend the service life or increase the capacity of assets and are charged to expense as incurred. We have approval rights over capital expenditures made by our third-party manager as part of the annual budget process for each property they manage. From time to time, certain of our resorts may be undergoing renovations as a result of our decision to upgrade portions of the resorts, such as guestrooms, public space, meeting space, gyms, spas and/or restaurants, in order to better compete with other hotels in our markets (“Development Capital Expenditures”). Due to the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on our liquidity, we have deferred all non-critical capital expenditures for the remainder of the year.

Net Cash Used in and Provided by Financing Activities
Our net cash provided by financing activities was $227.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $9.0 million in cash used in financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2019.
Activity for the six months ended June 30, 2020:
Net proceeds from debt issuance of $199.6 million;
Proceeds from borrowings on our Revolving Credit Facility of $40.0 million;
Net proceeds from equity issuance of $19.6 million;
Principal payments on our Term Loan of $5.1 million;
Issuance costs of debt of $8.7 million;
Repayments on our Revolving Credit Facility of $15.3 million; and
Repurchases of ordinary shares of $2.5 million.
Activity for the six months ended June 30, 2019:
Principal payments on our Term Loan of $5.1 million; and
Repurchases of ordinary shares of $3.9 million.
Share Repurchases
On December 14, 2018, our Board authorized the repurchase of up to $100.0 million of our outstanding ordinary shares as means of returning capital to our shareholders. Repurchases may be made from time to time in the open market, in privately negotiated transactions or by other means (including Rule 10b5-1 trading plans). Depending on market conditions and other factors, these repurchases may be commenced or suspended from time to time without prior notice. During the first quarter of 2020, we purchased 340,109 ordinary shares at an average price of $7.35 per share. We did not repurchase any shares during the second quarter of 2020. We have purchased a total of 2,178,837 shares and there was approximately $83.5 million remaining under our share repurchase authorization as of June 30, 2020. As part of our cash preservation efforts given our liquidity position as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, we have suspended repurchases of our ordinary shares under our share repurchase program until we have more visibility into the longer-term impact of COVID-19 and economic conditions improve.
Senior Secured Credit Facility
Playa Resorts Holding B.V., a subsidiary of ours, holds a senior secured credit facility (“Senior Secured Credit Facility”), which consists of a term loan facility which matures on April 27, 2024 and our Revolving Credit Facility which matures on April 27, 2022. We borrowed $530.0 million under our initial term loan facility on April 27, 2017 (our “First Term Loan”). We received net proceeds of $32.5 million from our First Term Loan after prepaying our existing Senior Secured Credit Facility and a portion of our Senior Notes due 2020 and deducting a debt issuance discount of $1.3 million and unamortized debt issuance costs of $2.6 million.
We borrowed an additional $380.0 million under an incremental term loan facility (our “Second Term Loan” and together with the First Term Loan, the “Initial Term Loan”) on December 6, 2017. We received no proceeds from the Second Term Loan after full repayment of our Senior Notes due 2020 and deducting a debt issuance discount of $1.0 million and unamortized debt issuance costs of $0.2 million.

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Our Initial Term Loan bore interest at a rate per annum equal to LIBOR plus 3.25% (where the applicable LIBOR rate had a 1.0% floor), and interest continued to be payable in cash in arrears on the last day of the applicable interest period (unless we elected to use the ABR rate in which case, interest was payable on the last business day of each of March, June, September and December).
Effective March 29, 2018, we entered into two interest rate swaps to mitigate the long-term interest rate risk inherent in our variable rate Term Loan. The interest rate swaps have an aggregate fixed notional value of $800.0 million. The fixed rate paid by us is 2.85% and the variable rate received resets monthly to the one-month LIBOR rate.
On June 7, 2018, we entered into the Second Amendment to Amended & Restated Credit Agreement (the “Amendment”), which amended the Amended & Restated Credit Agreement, dated as of April 27, 2017 (the “Existing Credit Agreement”), governing our Senior Secured Credit Facility. The Amendment amended the Existing Credit Agreement to, among other things (i) effect an incremental term loan facility of $100.0 million (the “Third Term Loan” and, together with the Initial Term Loan, the “Term Loan”) that was incurred pursuant to the exercise of our option to request incremental loans under the Existing Credit Agreement and (ii) decrease the interest rate applicable to the Term Loan by 0.50% to, at our option, either a base rate plus a margin of 1.75% or LIBOR plus a margin of 2.75%. The other terms to the Existing Credit Agreement were not affected by the Amendment.
Our Term Loan requires quarterly payments of principal equal to 0.25% of the original principal amount of the Term Loan on the last business day of each March, June, September and December. The remaining unpaid amount of our Term Loan is due and payable at maturity on April 27, 2024. We may voluntarily prepay borrowings at any time without premium or penalty, subject to customary breakage costs in the case of LIBOR-based loans.
Our Revolving Credit Facility bears interest at variable interest rates that are, at the Borrower's option, either based on LIBOR or based on an alternate base rate derived from the greatest of the federal funds rate plus a spread, prime rate, or a one-month euro-currency rate plus a spread. We are required to pay a commitment fee ranging from 0.25% to 0.5% per annum (depending on the level of our consolidated secured leverage ratio in effect from time to time) on the average daily undrawn balance.
The Senior Secured Facility requires that most of our subsidiaries, and in some limited cases the Company, comply with covenants relating to customary matters, including with respect to incurring indebtedness and liens, paying dividends or making certain other distributions or redeeming equity interests, making acquisitions and investments, effecting mergers and asset sales, prepaying junior indebtedness, and engaging in transactions with affiliates.

Fourth Amendment to Amended and Restated Credit Agreement
On June 12, 2020, we entered into the Fourth Amendment to the Amended & Restated Credit Agreement (the “Fourth Amendment”, and collectively with the unamended terms of the Senior Secured Credit Facility, the “Existing Credit Agreement”). The terms of the Senior Secured Credit Facility remain in effect except for the following terms modified by the Fourth Amendment:
i.replace the total net leverage ratio requirement of the financial covenant with a minimum liquidity test until September 30, 2021 (the “Relief Period”);
ii.modify the financial covenant for certain test dates after the Relief Period; and
iii.add certain restrictions on, among other things, the incurrence of additional debt and making of investments, dispositions and restricted payments during the Relief Period.
Additional Credit Facility
On June 12, 2020, we entered into an additional senior secured credit facility with an average interest rate of 9.25% that matures on April 27, 2024 and ranks pari passu with the Existing Credit Agreement (the “Additional Credit Facility”). The Additional Credit Facility consists of the following term loans:
i.$35.0 million term loan at fixed rate of 11.4777% (the “Term A1 Loan”);
ii.$31.0 million term loan at fixed rate of 11.4777% (the “Term A2 Loan”); and
iii.$28.0 million term loan at our option of either a base rate plus a margin of 2.00% or LIBOR plus 3.00% (the “Term A3 Loan”). Term A3 Loan is subject to a 1.0% floor consistent with the Existing Credit Agreement.
We intend to use the proceeds from the Additional Credit Facility for general corporate purposes. The obligations under the Additional Credit Facility are collateralized in a manner that is substantially identical to the Existing Credit Agreement.

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Prior to the maturity date, the Additional Credit Facility does not require principal payments, but does include mandatory prepayment requirements for the Term A3 Loan that are consistent with the Existing Credit Agreement. Mandatory prepayments are required for certain asset sales, casualty events and condemnation events (the “Triggering Events”) that are not reinvested in our business where our total net leverage ratio is above 4.00x. We may not voluntarily prepay any portion of the Additional Credit Facility prior to June 2023 without paying a make-whole premium equal to 100% of the interest that would have otherwise accrued from the date of such payment through June 2022 plus 50% of the interest that otherwise would have accrued from June 2022 to June 2023. Subsequent to June 2023, we may prepay any portion of the Additional Credit Facility without penalty.
In connection with the Additional Credit Facility, we terminated the remaining $15.0 million of unused capacity of our Revolving Credit Facility under the Existing Credit Agreement. The Additional Credit Facility contains covenants (including a springing financial maintenance covenant) identical to those contained in the Existing Credit Agreement.

Property Loan Agreement
On June 12, 2020, we entered into a property loan agreement in the amount of $110.0 million that has a fixed interest rate of 9.25% and matures on July 1, 2025 (the “Property Loan”). Prior to maturity, the Property Loan does not require principal payments. The Property Loan is collateralized by the mortgages of our Hyatt Ziva and Hyatt Zilara Cap Cana properties located in the Dominican Republic and the Hilton Rose Hall Resort & Spa located in Jamaica (collectively the “Properties”). We intend to use the proceeds of the Property Loan to finance the operation and management of the Properties and for general corporate purposes.
During the term of the Property Loan, we are required to deposit certain cash reserves including reserves for operating expenses, debt service and certain property improvement plan required work. We will continue to fund the reserves until the Properties achieve a debt service coverage ratio of 1.50x for two consecutive calendar quarters. These reserves are presented as restricted cash on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet, which had a balance of $27.9 million as of June 30, 2020.
Contractual Obligations
As of June 30, 2020, there have been no significant changes to our “Contractual Obligations” table in Item 7, “Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of our Annual Report, other than the change in debt, and related requirements, described below.
Total debt increased $223.7 million from $1,046.4 million as of December 31, 2019 to $1,270.1 million as of June 30, 2020. This increase was driven by an increase in the amount outstanding on our Revolving Credit Facility, additional proceeds from Term Loans and addition of a Property Loan (see Note 11), which was offset by scheduled principal payments. We do not anticipate making any further payments on our Revolving Credit Facility in 2020. Additionally, in connection with the terms of the Existing Credit Agreement, we are required to use the net proceeds from the sale of assets to prepay the proportionate balance on our Senior Secured Credit Facility if our net leverage ratio is above 4.00x. In November 2021, we anticipate that we will prepay the net proceeds, which was $56.5 million as of June 30, 2020, from the sale of the Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa and Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark less incremental transaction costs and capital expenditures incurred across our portfolio leading up to the prepayment date.
Off Balance Sheet Arrangements
We had no off balance sheet arrangements for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included herein have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts and related disclosures. A number of our significant accounting policies are critical due to the fact that they require us to exercise a higher degree of judgment and estimation based on assumptions that are inherently uncertain. While we believe our estimates, assumptions and judgments are reasonable, they are based upon information presently available. Actual results may differ significantly from these estimates under different assumptions, judgments or conditions, which could have a material effect on our financial position, results of operations and related disclosures. The impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic have increased uncertainty, which has reduced our ability to use past results to estimate future performance. Accordingly, our estimates and judgments may be subject to greater volatility than has been the case in the past.


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We have discussed those estimates that we believe are critical and require the use of complex judgment in their application in our Consolidated Financial Statements included within our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, filed with the SEC on February 27, 2020. There have been no material changes to our critical accounting policies or the methodologies or assumptions we apply under them except for those disclosed in Note 2 to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Our financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, trade and other receivables, accounts receivable from related parties, certain prepayments and other assets, trade and other payables, payables to related parties, derivative financial instruments, other liabilities including our pension obligation and debt. See Note 13, “Fair value of financial instruments,” to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more information.
Related Party Transactions
See Note 6, “Related party transactions,” to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for information on these transactions.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
See the recent accounting pronouncements in Note 2 to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
Item 3.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
In the normal course of operations, we are exposed to interest rate risk and foreign currency risk which may impact future income and cash flows.
Interest Rate Risk
The risk from market interest rate fluctuations mainly affects long-term debt bearing interest at a variable interest rate. We currently use an interest rate swap (see Note 12 of our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements) to manage exposure to this risk. As of June 30, 2020, 23% of our outstanding indebtedness bore interest at floating rates and 77% bore interest at fixed rates. If market rates of interest on our floating rate debt were to increase by 1.0%, the increase in interest expense on our floating rate debt would decrease our future earnings and cash flows by approximately $1.2 million annually, assuming the balance outstanding under our Revolving Credit Facility remained at $84.7 million. If market rates of interest on our floating rate debt were to decrease by 1.0%, the decrease in interest expense on our floating rate debt would increase our future earnings and cash flows by approximately $0.2 million annually, assuming the balance outstanding under our Revolving Credit Facility remained at $84.7 million and given the current LIBOR rate our debt can not fall below the 1% LIBOR floor.
Foreign Currency Risk
We are exposed to exchange rate fluctuations because all of our resort investments are based in locations where the local currency is not the U.S. dollar, which is our reporting currency. For the six months ended June 30, 2020 approximately 3.0% of our revenues were denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. As a result, our revenues reported on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations are affected by movements in exchange rates.
Approximately 81.1% of our operating expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2020 were denominated in the local currencies in the countries in which we operate. As a result, our operating expenses reported on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations are affected by movements in exchange rates.
The foreign currencies in which our expenses are primarily denominated are the Mexican Peso, Dominican Peso and the Jamaican Dollar. The effect of an immediate 5% adverse change in foreign exchange rates on Mexican Peso-denominated expenses at June 30, 2020 would have impacted our net income before tax by approximately $2.5 million on a year-to-date basis. The effect of an immediate 5% adverse change in foreign exchange rates on Dominican Peso-denominated expenses at June 30, 2020 would have impacted our net income before tax by approximately $1.3 million on a year-to-date basis. The effect of an immediate 5% adverse change in foreign exchange rates on Jamaican Dollar-denominated expenses at June 30, 2020 would have impacted our net income before tax by approximately $1.9 million on a year-to-date basis.

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At this time, we do not have any outstanding derivatives or other financial instruments designed to hedge our foreign currency exchange risk.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

Disclosure Controls and Procedures.

We maintain a set of disclosure controls and procedures (as that term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures. In accordance with Rule 13a-15(b) of the Exchange Act, as of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report, an evaluation was carried out under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures. Based on that ongoing evaluation, our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of June 30, 2020.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting.

There has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) during the most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.    Legal Proceedings.

In the ordinary course of our business, we are subject to claims and administrative proceedings, none of which we believe are material or would be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a material adverse effect on our financial condition, cash flows or results of operations. The outcome of claims, lawsuits and legal proceedings brought against us, however, is subject to significant uncertainties. Refer to Note 7 to our financial statements included in “Item 1. Financial Statements” of this Form 10-Q for a more detailed description of such proceedings and contingencies.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.

We are supplementing the risk factors described under “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 with the additional risk factor set forth below, which supplements, and to the extent inconsistent, supersedes such risk factors.

The effects of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic are having a significant material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows and financial condition and if the pandemic is long-lasting these effects could be severe.

The outbreak of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has led governments and other authorities around the world to impose measures intended to control its spread, including restrictions on freedom of movement and business operations such as travel bans, border closings, business closures, quarantines and shelter-in-place orders. As a result, the pandemic has significantly disrupted global travel, and has adversely impacted global commercial activity across the travel, lodging and hospitality industries. The COVID-19 pandemic has had, and is expected to continue to have, significant adverse impacts on economic and market conditions and resulted in global economic contraction.

The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the hospitality industry are unprecedented with global demand for lodging drastically reduced and occupancy levels reaching historic lows. Due to the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic and in response to related governmental restrictions and advisories, reductions in scheduled airline services and potential health risks to our employees and guests, we temporarily suspended operations at all of our resorts in late March 2020. Our resorts began reopening in July, in stages, based on incremental easing of government restrictions and advisories and increases in scheduled commercial airline service. As a result of the suspension of operations at all of our resorts, we had no revenues from resort operations in the second quarter of 2020. As of July 1, 2020, we reopened 8 out of our 21 resorts and subsequently reopened another 4 resorts. Currently, 12 out of our 21 resorts have reopened. We cannot predict when the effects of the pandemic will subside, or if there will be a resurgence of the virus, and thus we cannot predict when we will be able to reopen our remaining resorts, whether our opened resorts will be permitted to remain open or when our business at opened resorts will return to normalized levels. The longer and more severe the pandemic, and if there are repeat or cyclical outbreaks of the COVID-19 virus beyond the one being currently experienced, the greater the material adverse effect will be on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition, access to credit markets and ability to service our indebtedness.

There also can be no guarantee that when the effects of the pandemic subside the demand for lodging, and consumer confidence in travel generally, will recover as quickly as other industries. Additionally, the effects of the pandemic have had, and we expect will continue to have, a material adverse effect on our ability to consummate acquisitions and dispositions of resorts and our ability to timely complete planned capital expenditures and other projects.

Additional risks to our business relating to the COVID-19 pandemic include the following:
We have substantial debt outstanding currently, and our ability to service our significant financial obligations depends on our ability to generate significant cash flow from operations. Our cash flow from operations has been materially reduced as a result of the temporary suspension of operations at our resorts and will continue to be materially reduced as long as operations at some of our resorts remain suspended or opened resorts are operating at well-below historical levels. We cannot assure you that our business will generate cash flow from operations, that future borrowings will be available to us under our revolving credit facility, or that we will be able to complete any necessary financings or refinancings, in amounts sufficient to enable us to pay our debts and other obligations and fund our other liquidity needs;
The agreements which govern our various debt obligations impose restrictions on our business, including certain covenants under our revolving credit facility which currently prevent additional draws on the facility and may materially impact our liquidity and financial position;

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Commercial airline service has been reduced or suspended to many of the regions in which our resorts are located. If scheduled airline service does not increase or return to normal levels once our resorts are re-opened it could have a material adverse effect on our resort revenues;
The economic fallout from the effects of the pandemic on the regions in which our resorts are located could result in increases in crime, theft, vandalism and other safety and health concerns in these areas that could directly impact our resorts or could result in the perception of such risks among prospective guests, which could lead to decreased future demand for our resorts;
We have been and may continue to be required to recognize significant non-cash impairment charges as a result of material reductions in our cash flows from operations;
We may be subject to increased risks related to employee matters, including increased employment litigation and claims for severance or other benefits tied to terminations or furloughs as a result of the suspension of operations at our resorts prompted by the effects of the pandemic; and
In order to raise additional capital to fund our operations and service our indebtedness, we have issued equity securities and we may need to issue additional equity securities in the future at prices that may be dilutive to existing stockholders and that may be below what we believe to be the intrinsic value of our ordinary shares.
Item 2.    Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
(a) Unregistered Sale of Securities
The Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement (the “Securities Purchase Agreement”), dated June 12, 2020, with certain funds affiliated with Davidson Kempner Capital Management LP (collectively, the “Buyers”), pursuant to which the Company sold to the Buyers 4,878,049 shares of the Company’s ordinary shares (the “Purchased Shares”) at a purchase price of $4.10 per share, for an aggregate purchase price of $20,000,000. The purchase price per share agreed to by the parties was based on a 25% premium over the 30-day volume-weighted average price of the Company’s ordinary shares on the NASDAQ. The Securities Purchase Agreement contains customary representations and warranties, covenants, and indemnification provisions.

The sale of the Purchased Shares was not registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), at the time of issue in reliance on the exemption from registration provided by Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act and Rule 506(b) of Regulation D as promulgated by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) thereunder.

(b) Use of Proceeds
None.
(c) Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
None.
Item 3.    Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

None.
Item 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures.

Not applicable.
Item 5.    Other Information.

None.

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Item 6.    Exhibits.

The following exhibits are filed as part of this Form 10-Q:
Exhibit
Number
  Exhibit Description
   
3.1* 
   
10.1 
   
10.2* 
   
10.3 
   
10.4 
   
31.1 
   
31.2  
   
32.1  
   
32.2  
   
101 
The following materials from Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V.’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2020, formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, (ii) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations, (iii) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive (Loss) Income (iv) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders' Equity, (v) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, and (vi) the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
   
104 Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)
* filed herewith


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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
     
  Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V. 
     
Date:August 6, 2020By:  /s/ Bruce D. Wardinski 
   Bruce D. Wardinski 
   Chairman and Chief Executive Officer 
   (Principal Executive Officer) 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed by the undersigned, in his capacity as the principal financial officer of the registrant.
     
  Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V. 
     
Date:August 6, 2020By:  /s/ Ryan Hymel 
   Ryan Hymel 
   Chief Financial Officer 
   (Principal Financial Officer)