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PLYA Playa Hotels & Resorts

Filed: 4 Aug 21, 4:06pm


        
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
___________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
 _______________________________________________
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For quarterly period ended June 30, 2021

OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.

COMMISSION FILE NO. 1-38012
 Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
TheNetherlands 98-1346104
              (State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) (IRS Employer Identification Number)
Nieuwezijds Voorburgwal 104 
1012 SGAmsterdam,
theNetherlandsNot Applicable
 (Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
+31 6 82 55 84 30
(Registrant's Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each ClassTrading Symbol(s)Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Ordinary Shares, €0.10 par valuePLYAThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past ninety (90) days.    Yes    No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes        No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer  Smaller reporting company         
Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.   

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes      No    

As of July 31, 2021, there were 164,218,341 shares of the registrant’s ordinary shares, €0.10 par value, outstanding.








PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
($ in thousands, except share data)
(unaudited)
As of June 30,As of December 31,
20212020
ASSETS
Cash and cash equivalents$237,715 $146,919 
Restricted cash25,647 25,941 
Trade and other receivables, net39,695 25,433 
Accounts receivable from related parties3,653 3,726 
Inventories14,362 13,813 
Prepayments and other assets39,391 47,638 
Property and equipment, net1,612,774 1,727,383 
Assets held for sale34,472 
Goodwill, net61,654 61,654 
Other intangible assets8,040 8,556 
Deferred tax assets2,130 
Total assets$2,042,931 $2,097,665 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
Trade and other payables$138,534 $123,410 
Payables to related parties6,957 8,073 
Income tax payable124 348 
Debt945,409 1,251,267 
Related party debt193,753 
Derivative financial instruments35,924 46,340 
Other liabilities28,971 29,768 
Deferred tax liabilities55,887 70,323 
Total liabilities1,405,559 1,529,529 
Commitments and contingencies (see Note 7)00
Shareholders' equity
Ordinary shares (par value €0.10; 500,000,000 shares authorized, 166,417,879 shares issued and 164,209,875 shares outstanding as of June 30, 2021 and 136,770,086 shares issued and 134,571,290 shares outstanding as of December 31, 2020)18,492 14,871 
Treasury shares (at cost, 2,208,004 shares as of June 30, 2021 and 2,198,796 shares as of December 31, 2020)(16,697)(16,642)
Paid-in capital1,170,872 1,030,148 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(25,082)(30,949)
Accumulated deficit(510,213)(429,292)
Total shareholders' equity637,372 568,136 
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity$2,042,931 $2,097,665 

The accompanying Notes form an integral part of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
1


Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
($ in thousands, except share data)
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
Revenue
Package$104,780 $302 $168,674 $153,357 
Non-package22,602 240 35,597 22,818 
Management fees452 (18)796 627 
Cost reimbursements969 458 1,482 1,408 
Total revenue128,803 982 206,549 178,210 
Direct and selling, general and administrative expenses
Direct79,534 20,380 139,755 118,278 
Selling, general and administrative28,550 19,739 53,218 53,571 
Depreciation and amortization20,017 22,400 40,900 47,359 
Reimbursed costs969 458 1,482 1,408 
Impairment loss25,268 24,011 41,441 
Loss on sale of assets375 1,729 648 1,729 
Gain on insurance proceeds(2,950)(2,950)
Direct and selling, general and administrative expenses129,445 87,024 260,014 260,836 
Operating loss(642)(86,042)(53,465)(82,626)
Interest expense(18,950)(20,916)(37,117)(41,871)
Other (expense) income(628)4,853 (1,334)947 
Net loss before tax(20,220)(102,105)(91,916)(123,550)
Income tax benefit12,452 14,647 14,403 13,536 
Net loss$(7,768)$(87,458)$(77,513)$(110,014)
Earnings per share
Losses per share - Basic$(0.05)$(0.67)$(0.48)$(0.85)
Losses per share - Diluted$(0.05)$(0.67)$(0.48)$(0.85)
Weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period - Basic164,119,693 130,466,383 162,482,673 129,876,545 
Weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period - Diluted164,119,693 130,466,383 162,482,673 129,876,545 

The accompanying Notes form an integral part of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
2


Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss
($ in thousands)
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
Net loss$(7,768)$(87,458)$(77,513)$(110,014)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of taxes
Unrealized gain (loss) on interest rate swaps2,926 2,926 5,820 (12,122)
Release of foreign currency translation reserve related to sale of Capri Resort (see Note 4)140 140 
Pension obligation (loss) gain(82)152 (93)97 
Total other comprehensive income (loss)2,984 3,078 5,867 (12,025)
Comprehensive loss$(4,784)$(84,380)$(71,646)$(122,039)

The accompanying Notes form an integral part of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
3


Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders' Equity
($ in thousands, except share data)
(unaudited)
Ordinary SharesTreasury SharesPaid-In CapitalAccumulated Other
Comprehensive Loss
Accumulated DeficitTotal
SharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance at December 31, 2019129,121,576 $14,215 1,846,095 $(14,088)$1,001,088 $(24,642)$(166,922)$809,651 
Net loss— — — — — — (22,556)(22,556)
Other comprehensive loss— — — — — (15,103)— (15,103)
Share-based compensation, net of tax withholdings493,226 55 4,500 (34)3,168 — — 3,189 
Repurchase of ordinary shares(340,109)— 340,109 (2,500)— — — (2,500)
Balance at March 31, 2020129,274,693 $14,270 2,190,704 $(16,622)$1,004,256 $(39,745)$(189,478)$772,681 
Net loss— — — — — — (87,458)(87,458)
Other comprehensive income— — — — — 3,078 — 3,078 
Share-based compensation, net of tax withholdings332,735 38 8,092 (20)2,681 — — 2,699 
Equity issuance, net4,878,049 553 — — 19,005 — — 19,558 
Balance at June 30, 2020134,485,477 $14,861 2,198,796 $(16,642)$1,025,942 $(36,667)$(276,936)$710,558 
4


Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders' Equity (continued)
($ in thousands, except share data)
(unaudited)
Ordinary SharesTreasury SharesPaid-In CapitalAccumulated Other
Comprehensive Loss
Accumulated DeficitTotal
SharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance at December 31, 2020134,571,290 $14,871 2,198,796 $(16,642)$1,030,148 $(30,949)$(429,292)$568,136 
Cumulative effect of accounting changes, net of tax— — — — — — (3,408)(3,408)
Balance at January 1, 2021134,571,290 $14,871 2,198,796 $(16,642)$1,030,148 $(30,949)$(432,700)$564,728 
Net loss— — — — — — (69,745)(69,745)
Other comprehensive income— — — — — 2,883 — 2,883 
Share-based compensation, net of tax withholdings708,285 87 9,208 (55)3,092 — — 3,124 
Equity issuance, net (see Note 8)28,750,000 3,512 — — 134,204 — — 137,716 
Balance at March 31, 2021164,029,575 $18,470 2,208,004 $(16,697)$1,167,444 $(28,066)$(502,445)$638,706 
Net loss— — — — — — (7,768)(7,768)
Other comprehensive income— — — — — 2,984 — 2,984 
Share-based compensation180,300 22 — — 3,428 — — 3,450 
Balance at June 30, 2021164,209,875 $18,492 2,208,004 $(16,697)$1,170,872 $(25,082)$(510,213)$637,372 
The accompanying Notes form an integral part of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
5


Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
($ in thousands)
(unaudited)
Six Months Ended June 30,
20212020
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
Net loss$(77,513)$(110,014)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities
Depreciation and amortization40,900 47,359 
Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs2,036 679 
Share-based compensation6,629 5,942 
(Gain) loss on derivative financial instruments(4,596)11,423 
Impairment loss24,011 41,441 
Deferred income taxes(15,716)(12,573)
Loss on sale of assets648 1,729 
Amortization of key money(198)(439)
Bad debt expense(47)(79)
Other668 (75)
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Trade and other receivables, net(13,924)44,462 
Accounts receivable from related parties73 2,855 
Inventories(637)950 
Prepayments and other assets7,711 470 
Trade and other payables19,410 (61,207)
Payables to related parties(2,442)1,640 
Income tax payable(224)(1,439)
Other liabilities(367)(1,520)
Net cash used in operating activities(13,578)(28,396)
INVESTING ACTIVITIES
Capital expenditures(8,449)(7,414)
Receipt of key money8,500 
Purchase of intangibles(55)(349)
Proceeds from the sale of assets, net89,064 58,125 
Net cash provided by investing activities80,560 58,862 
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Proceeds from debt issuances, net of discount199,600 
Issuance costs of debt(8,677)
Proceeds from ordinary shares, net of issuance costs137,716 19,558 
Repayments of debt(29,429)(5,050)
Proceeds from borrowings on revolving credit facility40,000 
Repayments of borrowings on revolving credit facility(84,667)(15,333)
Repurchase of ordinary shares(2,500)
Repurchase of ordinary shares for tax withholdings(55)(54)
Principal payments on lease obligations(45)0 
Net cash provided by financing activities23,520 227,544 
INCREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS90,502 258,010 
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH, BEGINNING OF THE PERIOD$172,860 $20,931 
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH, END OF THE PERIOD$263,362 $278,941 
RECONCILIATION OF CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH
Cash and cash equivalents$237,715 $251,022 
Restricted cash25,647 27,919 
TOTAL CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH$263,362 $278,941 
The accompanying Notes form an integral part of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
6


Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Continued)
($ in thousands)
(unaudited)
Six Months Ended June 30,
20212020
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION
Cash paid for interest$38,701 $28,919 
Cash paid for income taxes, net$580 $2,040 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Capital expenditures incurred but not yet paid$1,328 $1,590 
Intangible assets capitalized but not yet paid$111 $208 
Par value of vested restricted share awards$109 $93 
The accompanying Notes form an integral part of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

7


Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
Note 1. Organization, operations and basis of presentation
Background
Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V. (“Playa” or the “Company”) is a leading owner, operator and developer of all-inclusive resorts in prime beachfront locations in popular vacation destinations. We own and/or manage a portfolio of 22 resorts located in Mexico, the Dominican Republic and Jamaica. Unless otherwise indicated or the context requires otherwise, references in our condensed consolidated financial statements (our “Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements”) to “we,” “our,” “us” and similar expressions refer to Playa and its subsidiaries.
COVID-19 impact
Due to the spread of the coronavirus (“COVID-19”) global pandemic, and in response to related governmental restrictions and advisories, reductions in scheduled commercial airline service, and potential health risks to our employees and guests, we temporarily suspended operations at all of our resorts from late March through June 2020. Our resorts began reopening in July, in stages, based on incremental easing of government restrictions and advisories and increases in scheduled commercial airline service. As of June 30, 2021, all of our resorts are open. We also implemented additional safety measures at our resorts to mitigate the potential health risks of COVID-19. We cannot predict when our business will return to normalized levels because we cannot predict when all effects of the pandemic will subside. The longer and more severe the pandemic, the greater the material adverse effect the pandemic will have on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition, access to credit markets and ability to service our debt.
Basis of preparation, presentation and measurement
Our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information. Certain information and disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted. Accordingly, these unaudited interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with our Consolidated Financial Statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2020, included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on March 4, 2021 (the “Annual Report”).
In our opinion, the unaudited interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared on the same basis as the annual Consolidated Financial Statements and include all adjustments, consisting of only normal recurring adjustments, necessary for fair presentation.
The results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations to be expected for the full year ended December 31, 2021. All dollar amounts (other than per share amounts) in the following disclosures are in thousands of United States dollars, unless otherwise indicated.
Note 2. Significant accounting policies
Standards adopted
StandardDescriptionDate of AdoptionEffect on the Financial Statements or Other Significant Matters
ASU No. 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes
The standard simplifies the accounting for income taxes, eliminates certain exceptions within ASC 740, Income Taxes, and clarifies certain aspects of the current guidance to promote consistency among reporting entities.January 2021The adoption of ASU No. 2019-12 resulted in changes to our deferred tax liabilities and deferred income tax expense for our resorts located in the Dominican Republic, which are subject to hybrid tax regimes. We adopted ASU No. 2019-12 on a modified retrospective basis through a $3.4 million cumulative-effect adjustment to opening retained earnings in our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for the three months ended March 31, 2021.
8


Standards not yet adopted
StandardDescriptionDate of AdoptionEffect on the Financial Statements or Other Significant Matters
ASU No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting
The amendments in this update provide optional expedients and exceptions for applying generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) to contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions affected by reference rate reform if certain criteria are met.

January 2022We are currently evaluating the impact of ASU No. 2020-04 on the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. We may elect to early adopt the standard prior to the discontinuation of one-month LIBOR rates.
Note 3. Revenue

The following tables present our revenues disaggregated by geographic segment (refer to discussion of our reportable segments in Note 15) ($ in thousands):
Three Months Ended June 30, 2021
Yucatán
Peninsula
Pacific
Coast
Dominican
Republic
JamaicaOtherTotal
Package revenue$38,515 $17,741 $27,918 $20,606 $$104,780 
Non-package revenue8,016 3,447 6,004 4,766 369 22,602 
Management fees452 452 
Cost reimbursements804 165 969 
Total revenue$46,531 $21,188 $33,922 $26,176 $986 $128,803 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2020
Yucatán
Peninsula
Pacific
Coast
Dominican
Republic
JamaicaOtherTotal
Package revenue$(165)$(90)$(178)$735 $$302 
Non-package revenue187 15 190 (172)20 240 
Management fees(18)(18)
Cost reimbursements414 44 458 
Total revenue$22 $(75)$12 $977 $46 $982 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2021
Yucatán
Peninsula
Pacific
Coast
Dominican
Republic
JamaicaOtherTotal
Package revenue$67,385 $25,293 $45,381 $30,615 $$168,674 
Non-package revenue13,824 4,809 9,436 7,034 494 35,597 
Management fees796 796 
Cost reimbursements1,181 301 1,482 
Total revenue$81,209 $30,102 $54,817 $38,830 $1,591 $206,549 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2020
Yucatán
Peninsula
Pacific
Coast
Dominican
Republic
JamaicaOtherTotal
Package revenue$56,562 $18,634 $31,189 $46,972 $$153,357 
Non-package revenue7,734 3,101 4,455 7,494 34 22,818 
Management fees627 627 
Cost reimbursements1,010 398 1,408 
Total revenue$64,296 $21,735 $35,644 $55,476 $1,059 $178,210 

9


Contract assets and liabilities

We do not have any material contract assets as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 other than trade and other receivables on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. Our receivables are primarily the result of contracts with customers, which are reduced by an allowance for doubtful accounts that reflects our estimate of amounts that will not be collected.

We record contract liabilities when cash payments are received or due in advance of guests staying at our resorts, which are presented as advance deposits (see Note 14) within trade and other payables on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. Our advanced deposits are generally recognized as revenue within one year.
Note 4. Property and equipment
The balance of property and equipment, net is as follows ($ in thousands):
As of June 30,As of December 31,
20212020
Property and equipment, gross
Land, buildings and improvements$1,756,911 $1,863,406 
Fixtures and machinery (1)
79,661 83,802 
Furniture and other fixed assets203,877 225,869 
Construction in progress4,782 4,552 
Total property and equipment, gross2,045,231 2,177,629 
Accumulated depreciation(432,457)(450,246)
Total property and equipment, net$1,612,774 $1,727,383 
________
(1) Includes the gross balance of our financing lease right-of-use asset, which was $2.3 million as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (see Note 11).
Depreciation expense for property and equipment was $40.2 million and $46.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Depreciation expense was $19.7 million and $22.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Sale of assets

Capri Resort

On March 31, 2021, we entered into an agreement to sell our equity interest in the Capri Resort, which is reported within our Yucatán Peninsula reportable segment, for $55.0 million in cash consideration. Upon entering into the agreement, we classified the resort and related deferred tax liabilities as held for sale and recorded an impairment loss of $24.0 million based on the sale price. The sale price is considered an observable input other than quoted prices (Level 2) in the U.S. GAAP fair value hierarchy (see Note 13). The impairment is recorded within impairment loss in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

On June 24, 2021, we completed the sale, received total cash consideration of $55.2 million, after customary closing costs, and recognized a loss of $0.5 million within loss on sale of assets in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. In accordance with our Existing Credit Agreement (as defined in Note 11), we utilized 50% of the net proceeds from the sale of $24.4 million, after deducting incremental expenses, to repay a portion of our Term Loan on June 29, 2021. The remaining net proceeds, after deducting capital expenditures incurred across our portfolio for up to 18 months following the sale, will be used to repay our Term Loan and Term A3 Loan in December 2022.

Dreams Puerto Aventuras

On February 5, 2021, we completed the sale of the Dreams Puerto Aventuras, which is reported in our Yucatán Peninsula reportable segment, for $34.5 million in cash consideration. Upon closing, we received total cash consideration of $34.3 million, after customary closing costs, and recognized a gain of less than $0.1 million within loss on sale of assets in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. A portion of the net proceeds from the sale, after deducting incremental expenses and capital expenditures incurred across our portfolio for up to 24 months following the sale, will be used to repay our Term Loan and Term A3 Loan in February 2023.

10


Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa and Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark

On May 22, 2020, we completed the sale of the Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa and Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark, which were reported within our Jamaica reportable segment, for $60.0 million in cash consideration. Upon classification as held for sale, we recorded an impairment loss of $25.3 million based on the sale price of the properties, which is considered an observable input other than quoted prices (Level 2) in the U.S. GAAP fair value hierarchy. Upon closing, we received total cash consideration of $58.7 million, after customary closing costs, and recognized a $1.8 million loss within loss on sale of assets in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. A portion of the net proceeds from the sale, after deducting incremental expenses and capital expenditures incurred across our portfolio for up to 24 months following the sale, will be used to repay our Term Loan in May 2022.

Lessor contracts
We rent certain real estate to third parties for office and retail space within our resorts. Our lessor contracts are considered operating leases and generally have a contractual term of one to three years. The following table presents our rental income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 ($ in thousands):
Three Months Ended June 30,
Leases20212020
Operating lease income (1)
$787 $
Six Months Ended June 30,
Leases20212020
Operating lease income (1)
$1,393 $1,146 
________
(1) Our operating lease income, which is recorded within non-package revenue in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations, includes variable lease revenue which is typically calculated as a percentage of our tenant's net sales.
Note 5. Income taxes

We file tax returns for our entities in key jurisdictions including Mexico, Dominican Republic, Jamaica and the United States. We are domiciled in the Netherlands and our Dutch subsidiaries are subject to a general tax rate of 25%. Our other operating subsidiaries are subject to tax rates up to 30%.

We recorded income tax benefits of $12.5 million and $14.4 million for the three months and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively. The income tax benefit recognized in both periods includes the impact of certain discrete adjustments related to the sale of our resorts and our valuation allowance.

In connection with the sale of the Capri Resort (see Note 4), we recognized a $5.6 million income tax benefit from the write-off of existing deferred tax liabilities and a $1.2 million income tax expense due to capital gains for the three months ended June 30, 2021. For the six months ended June 30, 2021, we recognized a net $5.5 million income tax benefit from the sale of the Dreams Puerto Aventuras and the Capri Resort, which represents the aggregate tax impact of capital gains, impairment and elimination of existing deferred tax balances.

We continually monitor the realizability of our deferred tax assets, which consist primarily of net operating loss carryforwards. After considering the residual economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic (see Note 1) and the timing of reversals of deferred tax liabilities, we recognized an additional $0.7 million and $3.7 million of valuation allowances against the deferred tax assets of our Mexico and Jamaica entities during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively.

In July 2021, we signed an outstanding Advanced Pricing Agreement (“APA”) for one of our Dominican Republic entities and all of our Dominican Republic entities had effective APAs as of the date of this filing. All APAs are set to expire during the third quarter, but we expect to renegotiate and finalize terms in 2021, which is reflected in our estimated annual effective tax rate calculation.

We had no uncertain tax positions or unrecognized tax benefits as of June 30, 2021. We expect no significant changes in unrecognized tax benefits over the next twelve months.
11


Note 6. Related party transactions
Relationship with Hyatt
Hyatt Hotels Corporation (“Hyatt”) is considered a related party due to its ownership of our ordinary shares by its affiliated entities and representation on our Board of Directors. We pay Hyatt fees associated with the franchise agreements of our resorts operating under the all-ages Hyatt Ziva and adults-only Hyatt Zilara brands and receive reimbursements for guests that pay for their stay using the World of Hyatt® guest loyalty program.
Relationship with Sagicor
Sagicor Financial Corporation Limited and its affiliated entities (collectively “Sagicor”) is considered a related party due to its ownership of our ordinary shares and representation on our Board of Directors. We pay Sagicor for insurance coverage for one of our Jamaica properties. Sagicor is also a part owner of the Jewel Grande Montego Bay Resort & Spa and compensates us as manager of the property.
Relationship with Davidson Kempner Capital Management L.P.
Davidson Kempner Capital Management L.P. (DKCM) is the investment manager of multiple affiliated funds and is considered a related party due to the funds' ownership of our ordinary shares following the equity raise in January 2021 (see Note 8). The affiliated funds managed by DKCM are also the lenders to our Property Loan and Additional Credit Facility, which consists of our Term A1, Term A2 and Term A3 loans (see Note 11). We pay DKCM periodic interest payments related to the outstanding debt.
Lease with our Chief Executive Officer
One of our offices is owned by our Chief Executive Officer and we sublease the space at that location from a third party.
Transactions with related parties
Transactions between us and related parties during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 were as follows ($ in thousands):
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
Related PartyTransaction2021202020212020
Hyatt
Franchise fees (1)
$4,459 $1,048 $7,975 $6,564 
Sagicor
Insurance premiums (1)
$203 $119 $358 $533 
SagicorCost reimbursements$858 $442 $1,288 $1,164 
Chief Executive Officer
Lease expense (2)
$188 $196 $416 $378 
DKCMInterest expense$5,467 $$10,871 $
________
(1)Included in direct expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations with the exception of certain immaterial fees associated with the Hyatt franchise agreements, which are included in selling, general, and administrative expense.
(2)Included in selling, general, and administrative expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Note 7. Commitments and contingencies
We are involved in various claims and lawsuits arising in the normal course of business, including proceedings involving tort and other general liability claims, and workers’ compensation and other employee claims. Most occurrences involving liability and claims of negligence are covered by insurance with solvent insurance carriers. We recognize a liability when we believe the loss is probable and reasonably estimable. We currently believe that the ultimate outcome of such lawsuits and proceedings will not, individually or in the aggregate, have a material effect on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
The Dutch corporate income tax act provides the option of a fiscal unity, which is a consolidated tax regime wherein the profits and losses of group companies can be offset against each other. Our Dutch companies file as a fiscal unity, with the exception of Playa Romana B.V., Playa Romana Mar B.V. and Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V. Playa Resorts Holding B.V. is the head of our Dutch fiscal unity and is jointly and severally liable for the tax liabilities of the fiscal unity as a whole.
12


Note 8. Ordinary shares
On January 11, 2021, we issued 28,750,000 ordinary shares with a par value of €0.10 per share in connection with a public equity offering. We received $137.7 million in cash consideration, net of underwriting discounts and customary closing costs.
As of June 30, 2021, our ordinary share capital consisted of 164,209,875 ordinary shares outstanding, which have a par value of €0.10 per share. In addition, 4,244,706 restricted shares and performance share awards and 27,501 restricted share units were outstanding under the 2017 Plan (as defined in Note 9). The holders of restricted shares and performance share awards are entitled to vote, but not dispose of, such shares until they vest. The holders of restricted share units are neither entitled to vote nor dispose of such shares until they vest.
Note 9. Share-based compensation
We adopted our 2017 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the “2017 Plan”) to attract and retain independent directors, executive officers and other key employees and service providers. As of June 30, 2021, there were 4,841,947 shares available for future grants under the 2017 Plan.
Restricted share awards consist of restricted shares and restricted share units that are granted to eligible employees, executives, and board members and consist of ordinary shares (or the right to receive ordinary shares).
A summary of our restricted share awards from January 1, 2021 to June 30, 2021 is as follows:
Number of SharesWeighted-Average Grant Date Fair Value
Unvested balance at January 1, 20212,225,139 $8.53 
Granted1,925,298 5.45 
Vested(897,793)8.61 
Forfeited(7,956)8.66 
Unvested balance at June 30, 20213,244,688 $6.68 
Performance share awards consist of ordinary shares that may become earned and vested at the end of a three-year performance period based on the achievement of performance targets adopted by our Compensation Committee. On January 4, 2021, we issued 1,027,519 performance share awards with market conditions where 50% of the performance awards will vest based on the total shareholder return of our ordinary shares relative to those of our peer group (“Relative TSR Awards”) and 50% will vest based on the compound annual growth rate of the price of our ordinary shares (“Absolute TSR Awards”). The Relative TSR Awards may vest between 0% and 150% of target, with the award capped at 100% of target should Playa’s TSR be negative. The Absolute TSR Awards may vest up to 100% of target.
The table below summarizes the key inputs used in the Monte-Carlo simulation to determine the grant date fair value of our performance share awards ($ in thousands):
Performance Award Grant DatePercentage of Total AwardGrant Date Fair Value by Component
Volatility (1)
Interest
Rate (2)
Dividend Yield
January 4, 2021
Peer Shareholder Return50 %$3,088 57.69 %0.16 %%
Growth Rate50 %$2,230 57.69 %0.16 %%
________
(1) Expected volatility was determined based on the historical share prices in our industry.
(2) The risk-free rate was based on U.S. Treasury zero coupon issues with a remaining term equal to the remaining term of the measurement period.
13


A summary of our performance share awards from January 1, 2021 to June 30, 2021 is as follows:
Number of SharesWeighted-Average Grant Date Fair Value
Unvested balance at January 1, 20210 $0 
Granted1,027,519 5.18 
Unvested balance at June 30, 20211,027,519 $5.18 
Note 10. Earnings per share
Basic and diluted earnings or losses per share (“EPS”) are as follows ($ in thousands, except share data):
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
Numerator
Net loss$(7,768)$(87,458)$(77,513)$(110,014)
Denominator
Denominator for basic EPS - weighted-average number of shares outstanding164,119,693 130,466,383 162,482,673 129,876,545 
Effect of dilutive securities
Unvested restricted share awards
Denominator for diluted EPS - adjusted weighted-average number of shares outstanding164,119,693 130,466,383 162,482,673 129,876,545 
EPS - Basic$(0.05)$(0.67)$(0.48)$(0.85)
EPS - Diluted$(0.05)$(0.67)$(0.48)$(0.85)

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, 1,027,519 and 1,200,714 shares of unvested performance-based equity awards, respectively, were not included in the computation of diluted EPS after assumed conversions as their effect would have been anti-dilutive. The performance targets of our unvested performance-based equity awards were partially achieved as of June 30, 2021, but were not achieved as of June 30, 2020.

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, 3,244,688 and 2,326,993 shares of unvested restricted share awards were not included in the computation of diluted EPS as their effect would have been anti-dilutive.

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, outstanding earnout warrants to acquire a total of 2,987,770 ordinary shares were not included in the computation of diluted EPS after assumed conversions because the warrants were not exercisable as of the end of the respective reporting period.
14


Note 11. Debt
Our debt consists of the following ($ in thousands):
Outstanding Balance as of
Interest RateMaturity DateJune 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Revolving Credit Facilities
Revolving Credit Facility (1)
LIBOR + 3.00%
LIBOR + 4.00%
April 27, 2022 ($17.0 million)
January 27, 2024 ($68.0 million)
$$84,667 
Senior Secured Credit Facilities
Term Loan (2)
LIBOR + 2.75%April 27, 2024$946,919 $976,348 
Term A1 Loan11.4777%April 27, 202435,000 35,000 
Term A2 Loan11.4777%April 27, 202431,000 31,000 
Term A3 Loan (3)
LIBOR + 3.00%April 27, 202428,000 28,000 
Total Term Loans (at stated value)1,040,919 1,070,348 
Unamortized discount(1,407)(1,658)
Unamortized debt issuance costs(5,120)(6,015)
Total Term Loans, net$1,034,392 $1,062,675 
Property Loan
Property Loan (at stated value)9.25%July 1, 2025$110,000 $110,000 
Unamortized discount(3,539)(3,960)
Unamortized debt issuance costs(3,940)(4,409)
Total Property Loan, net$102,521 $101,631 
Financing lease obligations$2,249 $2,294 
Total debt, net$1,139,162 $1,251,267 
________
(1)Undrawn balances bear interest between 0.25% to 0.5% depending on certain leverage ratios. We had available balances of $85.0 million and $0.3 million as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. The weighted-average interest rate on the outstanding balance of our Revolving Credit Facility was 3.15% as of December 31, 2020.
(2)One-month London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) is subject to a 1.0% floor. The interest rate was 3.75% as of both June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020. Our 2 interest rate swaps fix LIBOR at 2.85% on $800.0 million of our Term Loan (see Note 12).
(3)LIBOR is subject to a 1.0% floor. The interest rate was 4.00% as of both June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.

Fifth Amendment to Amended and Restated Credit Agreement
On February 5, 2021, we entered into the Fifth Amendment to the Amended & Restated Credit Agreement (the “Fifth Amendment”, and collectively with the unamended terms of the Senior Secured Credit Facility, the “Existing Credit Agreement”). The terms of the Senior Secured Credit Facility remain in effect except for the following terms modified by the Fifth Amendment:
i.extend the maturity date for $68.0 million of the $85.0 million revolving credit facility through January 2024. The remaining $17.0 million matures in April 2022;
ii.repaid the $84.7 million outstanding balance on our Revolving Credit Facility as a condition to maturity extension;
iii.increase the interest rate on the extended portion of our revolving credit facility to LIBOR plus an applicable margin of 4.00%;
iv.extend the replacement of the total net leverage ratio requirement of the financial covenant with a minimum liquidity balance through March 31, 2022 (the “Relief Period”);
v.further modify the financial covenant for certain test dates after the Relief Period; and
vi.add certain restrictions on, among other things, the incurrence of additional debt and making of investments, dispositions and restricted payments during the Relief Period and thereafter.
15


Second Amendment to Additional Credit Facility
On February 5, 2021, we entered into the Second Amendment to the Additional Credit Facility (the “Second Amendment”). The terms of the Additional Credit Facility remain in effect except for the following terms modified by the Second Amendment:
i.extend the Relief Period through March 31, 2022;
ii.further modify the financial covenant for certain test dates after the Relief Period; and
iii.add certain restrictions on, among other things, the incurrence of additional debt and making of investments, dispositions and restricted payments during the Relief Period and thereafter.
Financial maintenance covenants
We were in compliance with all applicable covenants as of June 30, 2021. A summary of our applicable covenants and restrictions is as follows:
DebtCovenant Terms
Existing Credit Agreement
We are required to maintain a minimum liquidity balance of $70.0 million through the Relief Period.

If we have more than 35% drawn on the Revolving Credit Facility for periods subsequent to December 31, 2021, we will be subject to the following total net leverage ratio requirements:

6.50x for the period ended March 31, 2022;
6.00x for the period ended June 30, 2022; and
4.75x for periods thereafter.
Term A1 LoanSame terms as the Existing Credit Agreement.
Term A2 LoanNo applicable debt covenants.
Term A3 LoanNo applicable debt covenants.
Property LoanNo applicable debt covenants other than the requirement to maintain a cash reserve until the Properties achieve a debt service coverage ratio of 1.50x for 2 consecutive quarters.
Note 12. Derivative financial instruments
Effective March 29, 2018, we entered into 2 interest rate swaps to mitigate the interest rate risk inherent to our floating rate debt. The interest rate swaps are not for trading purposes and have fixed notional values of $200.0 million and $600.0 million. The fixed rate paid by us is 2.85% and the variable rate received resets monthly to the one-month LIBOR rate, which results in us fixing LIBOR at 2.85% on $800.0 million of our Term Loan. The interest rate swaps mature on March 31, 2023.

Our interest rate swaps are designated as cash flow hedges, but are deemed ineffective due to the decrease in interest rates. All changes in fair value are recognized through interest expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

16


The following tables present the effect of our interest rate swaps, net of tax, in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss and Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 ($ in thousands):
20212020
AOCI from our cash flow hedges as of January 1$26,369 $20,164 
Change in fair value16,956 
Reclassification from AOCI to interest expense(2,894)(1,908)
OCI related to our cash flow hedges for the three months ended March 31(2,894)15,048 
Change in fair value
Reclassification from AOCI to interest expense(2,926)(2,926)
OCI related to our cash flow hedges for the three months ended June 30(2,926)(2,926)
AOCI from our cash flow hedges as of June 30(1)
$20,549 $32,286 
________
(1) As of June 30, 2021, the total amount expected to be reclassified from AOCI to interest expense during the next twelve months is $11.7 million.
Derivative Liabilities for Ineffective HedgesFinancial Statement ClassificationThree Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
Interest rate swaps (1)
Interest expense$3,591 $9,774 $6,402 $18,503 
________
(1) Includes the change in fair value of our interest rate swaps and the cash interest paid for the monthly settlements of the derivative.
The following tables present the effect of our interest rate swaps in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 ($ in thousands):
Derivative Liabilities for Ineffective HedgesFinancial Statement ClassificationAs of June 30,As of December 31,
20212020
Interest rate swapsDerivative financial instruments$35,924 $46,340 

Derivative financial instruments expose us to credit risk in the event of non-performance by the counterparty under the terms of the interest rate swaps. We incorporate these counterparty credit risks in our fair value measurements (see Note 13) and believe we minimize this credit risk by transacting with major creditworthy financial institutions.
Note 13. Fair value of financial instruments
The objective of a fair value measurement is to estimate the price at which an orderly transaction to sell the asset or to transfer the liability would take place between market participants at the measurement date under current market conditions. U.S. GAAP establishes a hierarchical disclosure framework, which prioritizes and ranks the level of observability of inputs used in measuring fair value as follows:
Level 1: Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2: Unadjusted quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, or unadjusted quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, or inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability.
Level 3: Inputs are unobservable and reflect our judgments about assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability.
17


We believe the carrying value of our financial instruments, excluding our debt, approximate their fair values as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020. We did not have any Level 3 instruments during any of the periods presented in our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
The following table presents our fair value hierarchy for our financial liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 ($ in thousands):
June 30, 2021Level 1Level 2Level 3
Fair value measurements on a recurring basis
Interest rate swap$35,924 $$35,924 $
December 31, 2020Level 1Level 2Level 3
Fair value measurements on a recurring basis
Interest rate swap$46,340 $$46,340 $
The following tables present our fair value hierarchy for our financial liabilities not measured at fair value as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 ($ in thousands):
Carrying ValueFair Value
As of June 30, 2021Level 1Level 2Level 3
Financial liabilities not recorded at fair value
Term Loan$943,161 $$$927,421 
Term A1 Loan33,969 35,327 
Term A2 Loan30,087 31,289 
Term A3 Loan27,175 27,648 
Property Loan102,521 111,841 
Total liabilities$1,136,913 $0 $0 $1,133,526 
Carrying ValueFair Value
As of December 31, 2020Level 1Level 2Level 3
Financial liabilities not recorded at fair value
Term Loan$971,920 $$$936,799 
Revolving Credit Facility84,667 84,769 
Term A1 Loan33,792 35,182 
Term A2 Loan29,930 31,161 
Term A3 Loan27,033 28,028 
Property Loan101,631 109,871 
Total liabilities$1,248,973 $0 $0 $1,225,810 
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The following table summarizes the valuation techniques used to estimate the fair value of our financial instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis and our financial instruments not measured at fair value:
Valuation Technique
Financial instruments recorded at fair value
Interest rate swapsThe fair value of the interest rate swaps is estimated based on the expected future cash flows by incorporating the notional amount of the swaps, the contractual period to maturity, and observable market-based inputs, including interest rate curves. The fair value also incorporates credit valuation adjustments to appropriately reflect nonperformance risk. The fair value of our interest rate swaps is largely dependent on forecasted LIBOR as of the measurement date. If, in subsequent periods, forecasted LIBOR exceeds 2.85% we will recognize a gain and future cash inflows. Conversely, if forecasted LIBOR falls below 2.85% in subsequent periods we will recognize a loss and future cash outflows.
Financial instruments not recorded at fair value
Term Loans and Property LoanThe fair value of our Term Loans and Property Loan are estimated using cash flow projections over the remaining contractual period by applying market forward rates and discounting back at the appropriate discount rate.
Revolving Credit FacilityThe valuation technique of our Revolving Credit Facility is consistent with our Term Loans. The fair value of the Revolving Credit Facility generally approximates its carrying value as the expected term is significantly shorter in duration.
Note 14. Other balance sheet items
Trade and other receivables, net
The following summarizes the balances of trade and other receivables, net as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 ($ in thousands):
As of June 30,As of December 31,
20212020
Gross trade and other receivables (1)
$42,451 $28,346 
Allowance for doubtful accounts (2)
(2,756)(2,913)
Total trade and other receivables, net$39,695 $25,433 
________
(1) The opening balance as of January 1, 2020 was $73.0 million.
(2) We recognized an additional $3.1 million in bad debt expense during the year ended December 31, 2020 primarily as result of the negative effects of COVID-19.

We have not experienced any significant write-offs to our accounts receivable during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.
19


Prepayments and other assets
The following summarizes the balances of prepayments and other assets as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 ($ in thousands):
As of June 30,As of December 31,
20212020
Advances to suppliers$4,019 $8,748 
Prepaid income taxes11,743 12,731 
Prepaid other taxes (1)
12,984 14,033 
Operating lease right-of-use assets3,885 4,263 
Key money (2)
2,430 2,700 
Other assets4,330 5,163 
Total prepayments and other assets$39,391 $47,638 
________
(1) Includes recoverable value-added tax, general consumption tax and other sales tax accumulated by our Mexico, Jamaica, Netherlands and Dominican Republic entities.
(2) Represents a cash deposit related to the Sanctuary Cap Cana management contract. In April 2021, we entered into an agreement to classify this deposit as key money.
Goodwill
The gross carrying values and accumulated impairment losses of goodwill by reportable segment (refer to discussion of our reportable segments in Note 15) as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 are as follows ($ in thousands):
Yucatán PeninsulaPacific CoastDominican RepublicJamaicaTotal
Balance at December 31, 2020
Gross carrying value$51,731 $$$35,879 $87,610 
Accumulated impairment losses(6,168)(19,788)(25,956)
Net carrying value45,563 0 0 16,091 61,654 
Activity during the period
Impairment losses
Balance at June 30, 2021
Gross carrying value51,731 35,879 87,610 
Accumulated impairment losses(6,168)(19,788)(25,956)
Net carrying value$45,563 $0 $0 $16,091 $61,654 
As a result of COVID-19 and the temporary suspension of operations at our resorts (see Note 1), the forecasted future cash flows of our reporting units materially decreased during the first quarter of 2020. We performed an interim quantitative impairment analysis as of March 31, 2020 and recognized goodwill impairment losses at the following reporting units for the three months ended March 31, 2020 as we determined that their carrying values exceeded their fair value ($ in thousands):
Reporting UnitReportable SegmentImpairment Loss
Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & WaterparkJamaica$6,946 
Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & SpaJamaica$5,126 
Jewel Paradise Cove Beach Resort & SpaJamaica$4,101 

We recognized 0 goodwill impairment losses on our reporting units during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021.
20


Other intangible assets
Other intangible assets as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 consisted of the following ($ in thousands):
As of June 30,As of December 31,
20212020
Gross carrying value
Casino and other licenses (1)
$875 $875 
Management contract1,900 1,900 
Enterprise resource planning system (2)
6,159 6,047 
Other4,230 4,238 
Total gross carrying value13,164 13,060 
Accumulated amortization
Management contract(285)(238)
Enterprise resource planning system (2)
(1,494)(1,125)
Other(3,345)(3,141)
Total accumulated amortization(5,124)(4,504)
Net carrying value
Casino and other licenses (1)
875 875 
Management contract1,615 1,662 
Enterprise resource planning system (2)
4,665 4,922 
Other885 1,097 
Total net carrying value$8,040 $8,556 
________
(1) Our casino and other licenses have indefinite lives. Accordingly, there is no associated amortization expense or accumulated amortization.
(2) Represents software development costs incurred to develop and implement SAP as our integrated enterprise resource planning system, of which $1.4 million was placed into service in 2020 and is being amortized over a weighted-average amortization period of 7 years.
Amortization expense for intangible assets was $0.7 million and $0.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $0.4 million and $0.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Trade and other payables
The following summarizes the balances of trade and other payables as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 ($ in thousands):
As of June 30,As of December 31,
20212020
Trade payables$21,909 $23,348 
Advance deposits (1)
39,971 29,707 
Withholding and other taxes payable34,287 37,450 
Interest payable99 618 
Payroll and related accruals17,819 15,668 
Accrued expenses and other payables24,449 16,619 
Total trade and other payables$138,534 $123,410 
________
(1) The opening balance as of January 1, 2020 was $53.8 million.
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Other liabilities
The following summarizes the balances of other liabilities as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 ($ in thousands):
As of June 30,As of December 31,
20212020
Pension obligation (1)(2)
$6,313 $6,231 
Lease liabilities4,391 4,762 
Unfavorable ground lease liability2,044 2,090 
Key money (3)
15,323 15,790 
Other900 895 
Total other liabilities$28,971 $29,768 
________
(1) For the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, the service cost component of net periodic pension cost was $0.4 million and $0.4 million, respectively. For the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, the service cost component of net periodic pension cost was $0.2 million and $0.2 million, respectively. These costs are recorded within direct expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
(2) For the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, the non-service cost components of net periodic pension benefit or cost were $0.5 million and $1.3 million, respectively. For the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, the non-service cost components of net periodic pension benefit or cost were $0.4 million and $0.7 million, respectively. These costs are recorded within other (expense) income in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
(3) Represents the unamortized balance of key money received, which is amortized as a reduction to franchise fees within direct expenses in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. We received $8.5 million of additional key money in 2020.
Note 15. Segment information
We consider each one of our owned resorts to be an operating segment, none of which meets the threshold for a reportable segment. We also allocate resources and assess operating performance based on individual resorts. Our operating segments meet the aggregation criteria and thus, we present 4 separate reportable segments by geography: (i) Yucatán Peninsula, (ii) Pacific Coast, (iii) Dominican Republic and (iv) Jamaica. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, we have excluded the immaterial amounts of management fees, cost reimbursements and other from our segment reporting.
Our operating segments are components of the business which are managed discretely and for which discrete financial information is reviewed regularly by our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Chief Operating Officer, all of whom represent our chief operating decision maker (“CODM”). Financial information for each reportable segment is reviewed by the CODM to assess performance and make decisions regarding the allocation of resources.
The performance of our business is evaluated primarily on adjusted earnings before interest expense, income tax benefit, and depreciation and amortization expense (“Adjusted EBITDA”), which should not be considered an alternative to net loss or other measures of financial performance or liquidity derived in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The performance of our segments is evaluated on Adjusted EBITDA before corporate expenses and management fee income (“Owned Resort EBITDA”).
We define Adjusted EBITDA as net loss, determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP, for the period presented, before interest expense, income tax benefit, and depreciation and amortization expense, further adjusted to exclude the following items: (a) impairment loss; (b) loss on sale of assets; (c) other (expense) income; (d) share-based compensation; (e) other tax income (expense); (f) transaction expenses; and (g) severance expenses.
There are limitations to using financial measures such as Adjusted EBITDA and Owned Resort EBITDA. For example, other companies in our industry may define Adjusted EBITDA differently than we do. As a result, it may be difficult to use Adjusted EBITDA or similarly named financial measures that other companies publish to compare the performance of those companies to our performance. Because of these limitations, Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as a measure of the income or loss generated by our business or discretionary cash available for investment in our business and investors should carefully consider our U.S. GAAP results presented in our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
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The following table presents segment owned net revenue and a reconciliation to total revenue for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 ($ in thousands):
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
Owned net revenue
Yucatán Peninsula$45,067 $21 $78,670 $62,338 
Pacific Coast20,514 (74)29,135 21,081 
Dominican Republic33,888 11 54,769 35,607 
Jamaica24,134 564 35,856 52,000 
Segment owned net revenue (1)
123,603 522 198,430 171,026 
Other369 20 494 35 
Management fees452 (18)796 627 
Cost reimbursements969 458 1,482 1,408 
Compulsory tips3,410 5,347 5,114 
Total revenue$128,803 $982 $206,549 $178,210 
________
(1) Segment owned net revenue represents total revenue less compulsory tips paid to employees, cost reimbursements, management fees and other miscellaneous revenue not derived from segment operations.
The following table presents segment Owned Resort EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and a reconciliation to net loss for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 ($ in thousands):
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
Owned Resort EBITDA
Yucatán Peninsula$13,022 $(8,004)$20,196 $16,931 
Pacific Coast7,078 (2,816)7,563 6,056 
Dominican Republic7,926 (4,881)9,592 2,908 
Jamaica4,072 (8,097)1,292 10,976 
Segment Owned Resort EBITDA32,098 (23,798)38,643 36,871 
Other corporate(9,635)(7,606)(19,029)(18,577)
Management fees452 (18)796 627 
Total Adjusted EBITDA22,915 (31,422)20,410 18,921 
Interest expense(18,950)(20,916)(37,117)(41,871)
Depreciation and amortization(20,017)(22,400)(40,900)(47,359)
Impairment loss(25,268)(24,011)(41,441)
Loss on sale of assets(375)(1,729)(648)(1,729)
Other (expense) income(628)4,853 (1,334)947 
Share-based compensation(3,450)(2,719)(6,629)(5,942)
Other tax income (expense)(231)(161)(468)
Transaction expenses(139)(289)(718)(875)
Severance expense(1,246)(1,287)(2,444)
Non-service cost components of net periodic pension cost (benefit) (1)
422 (738)479 (1,289)
Net loss before tax(20,220)(102,105)(91,916)(123,550)
Income tax benefit12,452 14,647 14,403 13,536 
Net loss$(7,768)$(87,458)$(77,513)$(110,014)
________
(1) Represents the non-service cost components of net periodic pension cost (benefit) recorded within other (expense) income in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. We include these costs in calculating Adjusted EBITDA as they are considered part of our ongoing resort operations.
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The following table presents segment property and equipment, gross and a reconciliation to total property and equipment, net as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 ($ in thousands):
As of June 30,As of December 31,
20212020
Segment property and equipment, gross
Yucatán Peninsula$665,211 $799,849 
Pacific Coast288,357 288,328 
Dominican Republic679,941 678,900 
Jamaica407,133 406,047 
Total segment property and equipment, gross2,040,642 2,173,124 
Corporate property and equipment, gross4,589 4,505 
Accumulated depreciation(432,457)(450,246)
Total property and equipment, net$1,612,774 $1,727,383 

The following table presents segment capital expenditures and a reconciliation to total capital expenditures for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 ($ in thousands):
Six Months Ended June 30,
20212020
Segment capital expenditures
Yucatán Peninsula$1,251 $2,348 
Pacific Coast307 230 
Dominican Republic1,631 4,286 
Jamaica2,138 1,809 
Total segment capital expenditures (1)
5,327 8,673 
Corporate118 331 
Total capital expenditures (1)
$5,445 $9,004 
________
(1) Represents gross additions to property and equipment.
Note 16. Subsequent events
In preparing the interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, there were no subsequent events since June 30, 2021.
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The following discussion and analysis of Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V.'s (“Playa”) financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements (our “Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements”) and the notes related thereto which are included in “Item 1. Financial Statements” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Unless the context otherwise requires, “we,” “us,” “our” and the “Company” refer to Playa and its subsidiaries.

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This quarterly report contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements reflect our current expectations and projections about future events at the time, and thus involve uncertainty and risk. The words “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “will,” “could,” “would,” “should,” “may,” “plan,” “estimate,” “intend,” “predict,” “potential,” “continue,” and the negatives of these words and other similar expressions generally identify forward looking statements. Forward-looking statements are subject to various factors that could cause actual outcomes or results to differ materially from those indicated in these statements, including the risks described under the sections entitled “Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the SEC on March 4, 2021 and as such factors may be updated from time to time in our periodic filings with the SEC, which are accessible on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. These factors should not be construed as exhaustive and should be read in conjunction with the other cautionary statements that are included in this release and in our filings with the SEC. Currently, one of the most significant factors that could cause actual outcomes to differ materially from our forward-looking statements is the adverse effects of the current COVID-19 pandemic on our financial condition, results of operations and prospects, the airlines that service the locations where we own resorts, the short and longer-term demand for travel, the global economy and the local economies where we own resorts, and the financial markets. As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, we have experienced severely reduced occupancy levels at our resorts compared to historic levels and we continue to experience lower occupancy as compared to pre-pandemic levels. The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic will continue to impact us and consumer behavior will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted with confidence, including the scope, severity and duration of the pandemic, continuing resurgences of the virus and its variants, including the Delta variant, the government actions taken to contain the pandemic or mitigate its impact, the speed, effectiveness and distribution of vaccine and treatment therapies, the rate of public adoption of COVID-19 vaccines, and the direct and indirect economic effects of the pandemic and containment measures, including the magnitude of its impact on unemployment rates, labor-force availability, and consumer discretionary spending, among others. Additional factors that could cause actual results and future events to differ materially from those set forth or contemplated in the forward-looking statements include:
general economic uncertainty and the effect of general economic conditions on the lodging industry in particular;
the popularity of the all-inclusive resort model, particularly in the luxury segment of the resort market;
changes in economic, social or political conditions in the regions we operate, including changes in perception of public-safety and changes in the supply of rooms from competing resorts;
the success and continuation of our relationships with Hyatt Hotels Corporation (“Hyatt”) and Hilton Worldwide Holdings, Inc. (“Hilton”);
the volatility of currency exchange rates;
the success of our branding or rebranding initiatives with our current portfolio and resorts that may be acquired in the future;
our failure to successfully complete acquisition, expansion, repair and renovation projects in the timeframes and at the costs and returns anticipated;
changes we may make in timing and scope of our development and renovation projects;
significant increases in construction and development costs;
significant increases in utilities costs;
our ability to obtain and maintain financing arrangements on attractive terms or at all;
our ability to obtain and maintain ample liquidity to fund operations and service debt;
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the impact of and changes in governmental regulations or the enforcement thereof, tax laws and rates, accounting guidance and similar matters in regions in which we operate;
the ability of our guests to reach our resorts given government mandated travel restrictions, as well as the demand for our resorts resulting from government mandated safety protocols and health concerns;
the effectiveness of our internal controls and our corporate policies and procedures and the success and timing of the remediation efforts for the material weakness that we identified in our internal control over financial reporting;
changes in personnel and availability of qualified personnel;
environmental uncertainties and risks related to adverse weather conditions and natural disasters;
outbreak of widespread contagious diseases other than COVID-19;
dependence on third parties to provide Internet, telecommunications and network connectivity to our data centers;
the volatility of the market price and liquidity of our ordinary shares and other of our securities; and
the increasingly competitive environment in which we operate.
 
While forward-looking statements reflect our good faith beliefs, they are not guarantees of future performance. The Company disclaims any obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement to reflect changes in underlying assumptions or factors, new information, data or methods, future events or other changes after the date of this quarterly report, except as required by applicable law. You should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements, which are based only on information currently available to us (or to third parties making the forward-looking statements).
Overview
 Playa is a leading owner, operator and developer of all-inclusive resorts in prime beachfront locations in popular vacation destinations in Mexico and the Caribbean. As of June 30, 2021, Playa owned and/or managed a total portfolio consisting of 22 resorts (8,366 rooms) located in Mexico, Jamaica, and the Dominican Republic. In Mexico, Playa owns and manages Hyatt Zilara Cancún, Hyatt Ziva Cancún, Panama Jack Resorts Cancún, Panama Jack Resorts Playa del Carmen, Hilton Playa del Carmen All-Inclusive Resort, Hyatt Ziva Puerto Vallarta and Hyatt Ziva Los Cabos. In Jamaica, Playa owns and manages Hyatt Zilara Rose Hall, Hyatt Ziva Rose Hall, Hilton Rose Hall Resort & Spa, Jewel Grande Montego Bay Resort & Spa, and Jewel Paradise Cove Beach Resort & Spa. In the Dominican Republic, Playa owns and manages the Hilton La Romana All-Inclusive Family Resort, the Hilton La Romana All-Inclusive Adult Resort, Hyatt Zilara Cap Cana and Hyatt Ziva Cap Cana. Playa owns two resorts in the Dominican Republic that are managed by a third-party and manages five resorts on behalf of third-party owners. Playa leverages years of all-inclusive resort operating expertise and relationships with globally recognized hospitality brands to provide a best in class experience and exceptional value to our guests, while building a direct relationship to improve customer acquisition cost and drive repeat business.
For the three months ended June 30, 2021, during which time we had reduced occupancy as a result of the continuing effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, we generated a net loss of $7.8 million, total revenue of $128.8 million, Net Package RevPAR of $150.98, and Adjusted EBITDA of $22.9 million. For the three months ended June 30, 2020, when all of our resorts were closed due to the initial outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, we generated a net loss of $87.5 million, total revenue of $1.0 million, Net Package RevPAR of $0, and Adjusted EBITDA of $(31.4) million.
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Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic
The COVID-19 pandemic and the public health measures that have been undertaken in response have had a significant adverse impact on the global economy, the travel and hospitality industries and our business starting in the first quarter of 2020. The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, including related government restrictions, border closings, quarantines, “shelter-in-place” orders and “social distancing,” have significantly disrupted global leisure travel, and have adversely impacted global commercial activity, contributing to worldwide economic contraction and increased unemployment. We expect that the continuing fallout will create headwinds for global travel even after government restrictions are lifted.
Due to the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic and the associated restrictions placed on international travel, we temporarily suspended operations at all of our resorts in late March 2020. We subsequently began reopening our resorts on July 1, 2020 and all of our resorts are open as of June 30, 2021. Our resorts account for all of our revenue. Following the gradual loosening of government travel restrictions, the availability of vaccines and increased adoption levels of vaccines beginning in the first quarter of 2021, and related increases in available flights to the locations of our resorts, occupancy at our resorts has increased, but still remains well below pre-pandemic levels. Based on our second quarter results and reservations for future periods, we are hopeful that this positive trend in occupancy will continue.
The suspension of operations at our resorts during part of 2020, and the reduced occupancy at our resorts since they have reopened, have adversely affected our liquidity. As of June 30, 2021, we had $237.7 million of available cash, excluding $25.6 million of restricted cash. For discussion of the measures that were previously taken to improve our liquidity during fiscal year 2020, please refer to our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 4, 2021. We have taken the following measures during the 2021 fiscal year to further mitigate the impact of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on our liquidity position:
raised $138.0 million, net of underwriting discounts, of additional capital in January 2021 through an underwritten public equity offering at $5.00 per share;
paid down the outstanding balance under our Revolving Credit Facility in February 2021 and also amended and extended our existing facility, further extending the covenant waiver period were we to draw the credit line over 35%;
sold the Dreams Puerto Aventuras in February 2021 for a total cash consideration of $34.5 million; and
sold the Capri Resort in June 2021 for a total cash consideration of $55.2 million.
We cannot predict when the pandemic and its economic effects will subside, and thus we cannot predict whether our resorts will be permitted to remain open or when our business will return to normalized levels. There also can be no guarantee that when the current pandemic subsides that there will not be resurgences of the virus or its variants or that the demand for lodging, and consumer confidence in travel generally, will recover as quickly as other industries. The longer and more severe the pandemic, and the actual occurrence or even the possibility of repeat or cyclical outbreaks of the virus beyond the one currently being experienced, the greater the material adverse effect the pandemic will have on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition, access to credit markets and ability to service our indebtedness.
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Our Portfolio of Resorts
As of June 30, 2021, the following table presents an overview of our resorts and is organized by our four geographic business segments: the Yucatán Peninsula, the Pacific Coast, the Dominican Republic and Jamaica.
Name of Resort 
Location 
Brand and Type 
Operator 
Year Built; Significant RenovationsRooms
Owned Resorts
Yucatán Peninsula    
Hyatt Ziva CancúnCancún, MexicoHyatt Ziva (all ages)Playa1975; 1980; 1986; 2002; 2015547
Hyatt Zilara CancúnCancún, MexicoHyatt Zilara (adults-only)Playa2006; 2009; 2013; 2017310
Panama Jack Resorts CancúnCancún, MexicoPanama Jack (all ages)Playa1985; 2009; 2017458
Hilton Playa del Carmen All-Inclusive ResortPlaya del Carmen, MexicoHilton (adults-only)Playa2002; 2009; 2019524
Panama Jack Resorts Playa del CarmenPlaya del Carmen, MexicoPanama Jack (all ages)Playa1996; 2006; 2012; 2017287
Pacific Coast    
Hyatt Ziva Los CabosCabo San Lucas, MexicoHyatt Ziva (all ages)Playa2007; 2009; 2015591
Hyatt Ziva Puerto VallartaPuerto Vallarta, MexicoHyatt Ziva (all ages)Playa1969; 1990; 2002; 2009; 2014; 2017335
Dominican Republic    
Hilton La Romana All-Inclusive ResortLa Romana, Dominican RepublicHilton (adults-only)Playa1997; 2008; 2019356
Hilton La Romana All-Inclusive ResortLa Romana, Dominican RepublicHilton (all ages)Playa1997; 2008; 2019418
Dreams Palm BeachPunta Cana, Dominican RepublicDreams (all ages)AMResorts1994; 2008500
Dreams Punta CanaPunta Cana, Dominican RepublicDreams (all ages)AMResorts2004620
Hyatt Ziva Cap CanaCap Cana, Dominican RepublicHyatt Ziva (all ages)Playa2019375
Hyatt Zilara Cap CanaCap Cana, Dominican RepublicHyatt Zilara (adults-only)Playa2019375
Jamaica
Hyatt Ziva Rose HallMontego Bay, JamaicaHyatt Ziva (all ages)Playa2000; 2014; 2017276
Hyatt Zilara Rose HallMontego Bay, JamaicaHyatt Zilara (adults-only)Playa2000; 2014; 2017344
Hilton Rose Hall Resort & SpaMontego Bay, JamaicaHilton (all ages)Playa1974; 2008; 2017495
Jewel Paradise Cove Beach Resort & SpaRunaway Bay, JamaicaJewel (adults-only)Playa2013225
Jewel Grande Montego Bay Resort & Spa (1)
Montego Bay, JamaicaJewel (all ages)Playa2016; 201788
Total Rooms Owned7,124
Managed Resorts (2)
Sanctuary Cap CanaPunta Cana, Dominican RepublicSanctuary (adults-only)Playa2008; 2015; 2018324
Jewel Grande Montego Bay Resort & Spa (1)
Montego Bay, JamaicaJewel (condo-hotel)Playa2016; 2017129
The Yucatan Playa Del Carmen All-Inclusive ResortPlaya del Carmen, MexicoTapestry Collection by Hilton (adults-only)Playa201260
Hyatt Ziva Riviera Cancún (3)
Riviera Maya, MexicoHyatt Ziva (all ages)Playa2008, 2021438
Hyatt Zilara Riviera Maya (4)
Riviera Maya, MexicoHyatt Zilara (adults-only)Playa2003291
Total Rooms Operated1,242
Total Rooms Owned and Operated  8,366
________
(1) Represents an 88-unit tower and spa owned by us. We manage the majority of the units within the remaining two condo-hotel towers owned by Sagicor that comprise the Jewel Grande Montego Bay Resort & Spa.
(2) Owned by a third party.
(3) We entered into a management agreement to operate this resort during the first quarter of 2021. The resort is currently closed for renovations but is expected to open in the third quarter of 2021.
(4) We entered into a management agreement to operate this resort during the second quarter of 2021. The resort is currently closed for renovations but is expected to open in the first quarter of 2022.

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Results of Operations
Three Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020
The following table summarizes our results of operations on a consolidated basis for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 ($ in thousands):
Three Months Ended June 30,Increase / Decrease
20212020Change% Change
Revenue
Package$104,780 $302 $104,478 34,595.4 %
Non-package22,602 240 22,362 9,317.5 %
Management fees452 (18)470 2,611.1 %
Cost reimbursements969 458 511 111.6 %
Total revenue128,803 982 127,821 13,016.4 %
Direct and selling, general and administrative expenses
Direct79,534 20,380 59,154 290.3 %
Selling, general and administrative28,550 19,739 8,811 44.6 %
Depreciation and amortization20,017 22,400 (2,383)(10.6)%
Reimbursed costs969 458 511 111.6 %
Impairment loss— 25,268 (25,268)(100.0)%
Loss on sale of assets375 1,729 (1,354)(78.3)%
Gain on insurance proceeds— (2,950)2,950 (100.0)%
Direct and selling, general and administrative expenses129,445 87,024 42,421 48.7 %
Operating loss(642)(86,042)85,400 99.3 %
Interest expense(18,950)(20,916)1,966 9.4 %
Other (expense) income(628)4,853 (5,481)(112.9)%
Net loss before tax(20,220)(102,105)81,885 80.2 %
Income tax benefit12,452 14,647 (2,195)(15.0)%
Net loss$(7,768)$(87,458)$79,690 91.1 %
The tables below set forth information for our total portfolio and our comparable portfolio with respect to our Occupancy, Net Package ADR, Net Package RevPAR, Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue, Management Fee Revenue, Total Net Revenue, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin. For a description of these operating metrics and non-U.S. GAAP measures, see “Key Indicators of Financial and Operating Performance” below. For discussion of Adjusted EBITDA and reconciliation to the most comparable U.S. GAAP financial measures, see “Key Indicators of Financial and Operating Performance” and “Non-U.S. GAAP Financial Measures” below.
Our comparable portfolio for the three months ended June 30, 2021 excludes the following resorts: Capri Resort, which was sold in June 2021, Dreams Puerto Aventuras, which was sold in February 2021, and Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa and Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark, which were sold in May 2020.
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Total Portfolio
Three Months Ended June 30,Increase / Decrease
20212020Change % Change
Occupancy49.9 %— %49.9 pts— %
Net Package ADR$302.71 $— $302.71 — %
Net Package RevPAR$150.98 $— $150.98 — %
($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$101,615 $302 $101,313 33,547.4 %
Net Non-package Revenue22,357 240 22,117 9,215.4 %
Management Fee Revenue452 (18)470 2,611.1 %
Total Net Revenue124,424 524 123,900 23,645.0 %
Adjusted EBITDA$22,915 $(31,422)$54,337 172.9 %
Adjusted EBITDA Margin18.4 %(5,996.6)%6,015.0 pts100.3 %
    
Comparable Portfolio
Three Months Ended June 30,Increase / Decrease
20212020Change % Change
Occupancy51.8 %— %51.8 pts— %
Net Package ADR$302.89 $— $302.89 — %
Net Package RevPAR$156.84 $— $156.84 — %
($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$101,677 $292 $101,385 34,720.9 %
Net Non-package Revenue22,332 224 22,108 9,869.6 %
Management Fee Revenue452 (18)470 2,611.1 %
Total Net Revenue124,461 498 123,963 24,892.2 %
Adjusted EBITDA$23,593 $(28,653)$52,246 182.3 %
Adjusted EBITDA Margin19.0 %(5,753.6)%5,772.6 pts100.3 %

Total Revenue and Total Net Revenue

Our total revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2021 increased $127.8 million, or 13,016.4%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020. Our Total Net Revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2021 increased $123.9 million, or 23,645.0%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020. These increases are due to the resumption of resort operations this year as compared to the second quarter of 2020 (during which time all of our resorts were closed). See “Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic” above for more information regarding the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on our results of operations.
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The following table shows a reconciliation of comparable Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue and Management Fee Revenue to total revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 ($ in thousands):
Three Months Ended June 30,Increase/Decrease
20212020Change % Change
Net Package Revenue
Comparable Net Package Revenue$101,677 $292 $101,385 34,720.9 %
Non-comparable Net Package Revenue(62)10 (72)(720.0)%
Net Package Revenue101,615 302 101,313 33,547.4 %
Net Non-package Revenue
Comparable Net Non-package Revenue22,332 224 22,108 9,869.6 %
Non-comparable Net Non-package Revenue25 16 56.3 %
Net Non-package Revenue22,357 240 22,117 9,215.4 %
Management Fee Revenue
Comparable Management Fee Revenue452 (18)470 2,611.1 %
Non-comparable Management Fee Revenue— — — — %
Management Fee Revenue452 (18)470 2,611.1 %
Total Net Revenue
Comparable Total Net Revenue124,461 498 123,963 24,892.2 %
Non-comparable Total Net Revenue(37)26 (63)(242.3)%
Total Net Revenue124,424 524 123,900 23,645.0 %
Compulsory tips3,410 — 3,410 — %
Cost Reimbursements969 458 511 111.6 %
Total revenue$128,803 $982 $127,821 13,016.4 %

Comparable Total Net Revenue
Our Comparable Total Net Revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2021 increased $124.0 million, or 24,892.2%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020. These increases are due to the resumption of resort operations this quarter as compared to the second quarter of 2020 (during which time all of our resorts were closed). See “Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic” above for more information regarding the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on our results of operations.

Direct Expenses
The following table shows a reconciliation of our direct expenses to Net Direct Expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 ($ in thousands):
Three Months Ended June 30,Increase/Decrease
20212020Change % Change
Direct expenses$79,534 $20,380 $59,154 290.3 %
Less: compulsory tips3,410 — 3,410 — %
Net Direct Expenses$76,124 $20,380 $55,744 273.5 %
Our direct expenses include resort expenses, such as food and beverage, salaries and wages, utilities and other ongoing operational expenses. Our Net Direct Expenses were $76.1 million, or 61.2% of Total Net Revenue, for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and $20.4 million, or 3,889.3% of Total Net Revenue, for the three months ended June 30, 2020.
Net Direct Expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2021 increased $55.7 million, or 273.5%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020. Net Direct Expenses at our comparable properties increased $56.2 million, or 294.8%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020. Net Direct Expenses increases are due to the resumption of resort operations this year as compared to the
31


second quarter of 2020 (during which time all of our resorts were closed). Direct operating expenses fluctuate based on various factors, including changes in occupancy, labor costs, utilities, repair and maintenance costs and license and property taxes. Management fees and franchise fees, which are computed as a percentage of revenue, increase or decrease as a result of changes in revenues.
Net Direct Expenses consists of the following items ($ in thousands):
Total Portfolio
Three Months Ended June 30,Increase/Decrease
20212020Change % Change
Food and beverages$16,517 $702 $15,815 2,252.8 %
Salaries and wages28,387 11,393 16,994 149.2 %
Repairs and maintenance3,983 1,478 2,505 169.5 %
Utilities and sewerage8,632 3,312 5,320 160.6 %
Licenses and property taxes750 898 (148)(16.5)%
Incentive and management fees287 (256)543 212.1 %
Franchise / license fees5,737 1,227 4,510 367.6 %
Transportation and travel expenses997 74 923 1,247.3 %
Laundry and cleaning expenses1,074 270 804 297.8 %
Property and equipment rental expense454 (31)485 1,564.5 %
Entertainment expenses and decoration1,706 14 1,692 12,085.7 %
Office supplies239 59 180 305.1 %
Other operational expenses7,361 1,240 6,121 493.6 %
Total Net Direct Expenses$76,124 $20,380 $55,744 273.5 %
Comparable Portfolio
Three Months Ended June 30,Increase/Decrease
20212020Change % Change
Food and beverages$16,517 $642 $15,875 2,472.7 %
Salaries and wages27,992 10,751 17,241 160.4 %
Repairs and maintenance3,939 1,236 2,703 218.7 %
Utilities and sewerage8,570 2,999 5,571 185.8 %
Licenses and property taxes686 829 (143)(17.2)%
Incentive and management fees287 (171)458 267.8 %
Franchise / license fees5,737 1,227 4,510 367.6 %
Transportation and travel expenses991 62 929 1,498.4 %
Laundry and cleaning expenses1,073 259 814 314.3 %
Property and equipment rental expense453 (25)478 1,912.0 %
Entertainment expenses and decoration1,707 14 1,693 12,092.9 %
Office supplies238 57 181 317.5 %
Other operational expenses7,134 1,198 5,936 495.5 %
Total Net Direct Expenses$75,324 $19,078 $56,246 294.8 %

    
32


Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
Our selling, general and administrative expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2021 increased $8.8 million, or 44.6%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020. The resumption of resort operations this quarter as compared to the second quarter of 2020 (during which time all of our resorts were closed) resulted in a $6.3 million increase in advertising and commissions and a $1.2 million increase in corporate personnel expenses. Additionally, our January 2021 grants of restricted and performance share awards (see Note 9 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements) drove a $0.7 million increase in share-based compensation expense over the prior period. These increases were partially offset by a $1.2 million decrease in insurance expenses which was driven by the sales of the Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa and Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark in May 2020.
Depreciation and Amortization Expense
Our depreciation and amortization expense for the three months ended June 30, 2021 decreased $2.4 million, or 10.6%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020. This was a result of a $2.1 million decrease due to the sales of the Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa and Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark in May 2020, the Dreams Puerto Aventuras in February 2021, and the Capri Resort in June 2021.
Impairment Loss
Our impairment loss for the three months ended June 30, 2021 decreased $25.3 million, or 100.0%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease was driven by $25.3 million of property and equipment impairment recognized upon classification of the Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark and Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa as held for sale during the three months ended June 30, 2020. We had no property and equipment or goodwill impairment losses during the three months ended June 30, 2021.
Interest Expense
Our interest expense for the three months ended June 30, 2021 decreased $2.0 million, or 9.4%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease in interest expense was primarily driven by a $7.0 million decrease due to the change in fair value of our interest rate swaps. Due to the significant drop in interest rates during 2020 resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, we recognized a non-cash loss on our interest rate swaps of $5.0 million during the three months ended June 30, 2020, compared to a non-cash gain on our interest rate swaps of $2.0 million during the three months ended June 30, 2021. These decreases were partially offset by additional interest expense from the Additional Senior Secured Credit Facility and Property Loan Agreement executed on June 12, 2020 by $1.7 million and $2.4 million, respectively.
Cash interest paid increased to $19.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020, representing a $5.0 million increase over the period. Cash interest paid increased due to the Additional Senior Secured Credit Facility and Property Loan Agreement executed on June 12, 2020 by $2.3 million and $2.6 million, respectively. These increases were partially offset by $0.8 million decrease due to the repayment of our outstanding Revolving Credit Facility balance in February 2021.
Income Tax Benefit
Our income tax benefit for the three months ended June 30, 2021 decreased $2.2 million, or 15.0%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease in our income tax benefit of $2.2 million was driven primarily by:
a $1.1 million decreased tax benefit due to lower pre-tax book losses from our tax paying entities;
a $0.6 million decreased discrete tax benefit due to deferred tax liabilities on fixed assets of certain Dominican Republic entities;
a $0.7 million increased tax expense related to valuation allowances recognized for our Jamaica and Mexico entities; and
a $5.8 million decreased tax benefit related to the sales of the Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa and Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark.
These decreases were partially offset by:
a $4.4 million increased tax benefit associated with the sale of the Capri Resort; and
a $1.6 million increased tax benefit associated with foreign exchange rate fluctuations, primarily for our Mexican entities.
33


Results of Operations
Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020
The following table summarizes our results of operations on a consolidated basis for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 ($ in thousands):
Six Months Ended June 30,Increase / Decrease
20212020Change% Change
Revenue
Package$168,674 $153,357 $15,317 10.0 %
Non-package35,597 22,818 12,779 56.0 %
Management fees796 627 169 27.0 %
Cost reimbursements1,482 1,408 74 5.3 %
Total revenue206,549 178,210 28,339 15.9 %
Direct and selling, general and administrative expenses
Direct139,755 118,278 21,477 18.2 %
Selling, general and administrative53,218 53,571 (353)(0.7)%
Depreciation and amortization40,900 47,359 (6,459)(13.6)%
Reimbursed costs1,482 1,408 74 5.3 %
Impairment loss24,011 41,441 (17,430)(42.1)%
Loss on sale of assets648 1,729 (1,081)(62.5)%
Gain on insurance proceeds— (2,950)2,950 (100.0)%
Direct and selling, general and administrative expenses260,014 260,836 (822)(0.3)%
Operating loss(53,465)(82,626)29,161 35.3 %
Interest expense(37,117)(41,871)4,754 11.4 %
Other (expense) income(1,334)947 (2,281)(240.9)%
Net loss before tax(91,916)(123,550)31,634 25.6 %
Income tax benefit14,403 13,536 867 6.4 %
Net loss$(77,513)$(110,014)$32,501 29.5 %
The tables below set forth information for our total portfolio and comparable portfolio with respect to our Occupancy, Net Package ADR, Net Package RevPAR, Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue, Management Fee Revenue, Total Net Revenue, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin. For a description of these operating metrics and non-U.S. GAAP measures, see “Key Indicators of Financial and Operating Performance” below. For discussion of Adjusted EBITDA and reconciliation to the most comparable U.S. GAAP financial measures, see “Key Indicators of Financial and Operating Performance” and “Non-U.S. GAAP Financial Measures” below.
Our comparable portfolio for the six months ended June 30, 2021 excludes the following resorts: Capri Resort, which was sold in June of 2021, Dreams Puerto Aventuras, which was sold in February 2021, and Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa and Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark, which were sold in May 2020.
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Total Portfolio
Six Months Ended June 30,Increase / Decrease
20212020Change % Change
Occupancy40.7 %33.6 %7.1 pts21.1 %
Net Package ADR$297.31 $297.28 $0.03 0.0 %
Net Package RevPAR$121.05 $100.01 $21.04 21.0 %
($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$163,698 $148,398 $15,300 10.3 %
Net Non-package Revenue35,226 22,663 12,563 55.4 %
Management Fee Revenue796 627 169 27.0 %
Total Net Revenue199,720 171,688 28,032 16.3 %
Adjusted EBITDA$20,410 $18,921 $1,489 7.9 %
Adjusted EBITDA Margin10.2 %11.0 %(0.8)pts(7.3)%
Comparable Portfolio
Six Months Ended June 30,Increase / Decrease
20212020Change % Change
Occupancy42.4 %32.6 %9.8 pts30.1 %
Net Package ADR$298.50 $305.14 $(6.64)(2.2)%
Net Package RevPAR$126.50 $99.55 $26.95 27.1 %
($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$163,117 $129,067 $34,050 26.4 %
Net Non-package Revenue34,639 19,696 14,943 75.9 %
Management Fee Revenue796 627 169 27.0 %
Total Net Revenue198,552 149,390 49,162 32.9 %
Adjusted EBITDA$21,269 $14,269 $7,000 49.1 %
Adjusted EBITDA Margin10.7 %9.6 %1.1 pts11.5 %
Total Revenue and Total Net Revenue
Our total revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2021 increased $28.3 million, or 15.9%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020. Our Total Net Revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2021 increased $28.0 million, or 16.3%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020. These increases are due to the resumption of resort operations this year as compared to the second quarter of 2020 (during which time all of our resorts were closed).
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The following table shows a reconciliation of comparable Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue and Management Fee Revenue to total revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 ($ in thousands):
Six Months Ended June 30,Increase/Decrease
20212020Change % Change
Net Package Revenue
Comparable Net Package Revenue$163,117 $129,067 $34,050 26.4 %
Non-comparable Net Package Revenue581 19,331 (18,750)(97.0)%
Net Package Revenue163,698 148,398 15,300 10.3 %
Net Non-package Revenue
Comparable Net Non-package Revenue34,639 19,696 14,943 75.9 %
Non-comparable Net Non-package Revenue587 2,967 (2,380)(80.2)%
Net Non-package Revenue35,226 22,663 12,563 55.4 %
Management Fee Revenue
Comparable Management Fee Revenue796 627 169 27.0 %
Non-comparable Management Fee Revenue— — — — %
Management Fee Revenue796 627 169 27.0 %
Total Net Revenue
Comparable Total Net Revenue198,552 149,390 49,162 32.9 %
Non-comparable Total Net Revenue1,168 22,298 (21,130)(94.8)%
Total Net Revenue199,720 171,688 28,032 16.3 %
Compulsory tips5,347 5,114 233 4.6 %
Cost Reimbursements1,482 1,408 74 5.3 %
Total revenue$206,549 $178,210 $28,339 15.9 %
Comparable Total Net Revenue
Our Comparable Total Net Revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2021 increased $49.2 million, or 32.9%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020. These increases are due to the resumption of resort operations this year as compared to the second quarter of 2020 (during which time all of our resorts were closed).
Direct Expenses
The following table shows a reconciliation of our direct expenses to Net Direct Expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 ($ in thousands):
Six Months Ended June 30,Increase/Decrease
20212020Change % Change
Direct expenses$139,755 $118,278 $21,477 18.2 %
Less: compulsory tips5,347 5,114 233 4.6 %
Net Direct Expenses$134,408 $113,164 $21,244 18.8 %
Our direct expenses include resort expenses, such as food and beverage, salaries and wages, utilities and other ongoing operational expenses. Our Net Direct Expenses were $134.4 million, or 67.3%, of Total Net Revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and $113.2 million, or 65.9%, of Total Net Revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2020.
Net Direct Expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2021 increased $21.2 million, or 18.8%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020. Net Direct Expenses at our comparable properties increased $27.7 million, or 26.8%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020 due to the resumption of resort operations this year as compared to the second quarter of 2020 (during which time all of our resorts were closed). Direct operating expenses fluctuate based on various factors, including changes in occupancy, labor
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costs, utilities, repair and maintenance costs and license and property taxes. Management fees and franchise fees, which are generally computed as a percentage of revenue, increase or decrease as a result of changes in revenues.
Net Direct Expenses consists of the following items ($ in thousands):
Total Portfolio
Six Months Ended June 30,Increase/Decrease
20212020Change % Change
Food and beverages$26,812 $21,592 $5,220 24.2 %
Salaries and wages53,424 49,008 4,416 9.0 %
Repairs and maintenance6,923 5,661 1,262 22.3 %
Utilities and sewerage15,996 12,975 3,021 23.3 %
Licenses and property taxes1,555 1,697 (142)(8.4)%
Incentive and management fees433 1,424 (991)(69.6)%
Franchise / license fees9,986 8,235 1,751 21.3 %
Transportation and travel expenses1,920 1,449 471 32.5 %
Laundry and cleaning expenses1,953 1,475 478 32.4 %
Property and equipment rental expense629 802 (173)(21.6)%
Entertainment expenses and decoration2,609 2,036 573 28.1 %
Office supplies407 309 98 31.7 %
Other operational expenses11,761 6,501 5,260 80.9 %
Total Net Direct Expenses$134,408 $113,164 $21,244 18.8 %
Comparable Portfolio
Six Months Ended June 30,Increase/Decrease
20212020Change % Change
Food and beverages$26,678 $19,263 $7,415 38.5 %
Salaries and wages51,378 45,352 6,026 13.3 %
Repairs and maintenance6,802 4,750 2,052 43.2 %
Utilities and sewerage15,810 11,669 4,141 35.5 %
Licenses and property taxes1,430 1,583 (153)(9.7)%
Incentive and management fees391 1,233 (842)(68.3)%
Franchise / license fees9,986 8,243 1,743 21.1 %
Transportation and travel expenses1,888 1,336 552 41.3 %
Laundry and cleaning expenses1,945 1,277 668 52.3 %
Property and equipment rental expense618 756 (138)(18.3)%
Entertainment expenses and decoration2,591 1,839 752 40.9 %
Office supplies403 289 114 39.4 %
Other operational expenses11,202 5,845 5,357 91.7 %
Total Net Direct Expenses$131,122 $103,435 $27,687 26.8 %
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
Our selling, general and administrative expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2021 decreased $0.4 million, or 0.7%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease was primarily driven by a $1.2 million decrease in professional fees and a $1.2 million decrease in insurance expenses, which primarily resulted from the sales of the Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa and Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark in May 2020. These decreases were partially offset by a $1.2 million increase in advertising and commissions and a $0.2 million increase in corporate personnel expenses due to the resumption of resort operations this year as compared to the second quarter of 2020 (during which time all of our resorts were closed).
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Depreciation and Amortization Expense
Our depreciation and amortization expense for the six months ended June 30, 2021 decreased $6.5 million, or 13.6%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease was largely due to a $4.4 million decrease from our dispositions of the Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa and Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark in May 2020, the Dreams Puerto Aventuras in February 2021, and the Capri Resort in June 2021, and a $2.2 million decrease due to accelerated depreciation incurred in 2020 related to renovation projects at the Hilton Playa del Carmen All-Inclusive Resort.
Impairment Loss
Our impairment loss for the six months ended June 30, 2021 decreased $17.4 million, or 42.1%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease was driven by $25.3 million of property and equipment impairment recognized during the six months ended June 30, 2020 upon classification of the Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa and Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark as held for sale. In addition, we recognized a $16.2 million goodwill impairment loss during the first quarter of 2020 at the Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark, Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa, and Jewel Paradise Cove Beach Resort & Spa due to the decrease in forecasted future cash flows from the temporary suspension of operations from COVID-19. These decreases were partially offset by $24.0 million of property and equipment impairment for the six months ended June 30, 2021 recognized upon classification of the Capri Resort as held for sale in March 2021.
Interest Expense
Our interest expense for the six months ended June 30, 2021 decreased $4.8 million, or 11.4%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease in interest expense was driven primarily by a $16.0 million decrease due to the change in fair value of our interest rate swaps. In March 2019, we elected to adopt hedge accounting and designate our interest rate swaps as cash flow hedges. After the adoption of hedge accounting, we recorded the change in fair value of our interest rate swaps through other comprehensive income (loss). Due to the significant drop in interest rates during 2020 resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, our cash flow hedge was deemed ineffective and dedesignated in March 2020, resulting in us recognizing the change in fair value of our interest rate swaps through interest expense. In addition, interest on our Revolving Credit Facility for the six months ended June 30, 2021 decreased by $1.2 million compared to the same period last year, driven by the repayment of the entire outstanding balance in February 2021. These decreases were partially offset by additional interest expense from the Additional Senior Secured Credit Facility and Property Loan Agreement executed on June 12, 2020 by $3.9 million and $4.9 million, respectively, as well as additional interest expense on our Term Loan of $3.9 million.
Cash interest paid increased to $38.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020, representing a $9.8 million increase over the prior period. Cash interest paid increased due to the Additional Senior Secured Credit Facility and Property Loan Agreement executed on June 12, 2020 by $4.4 million and $4.3 million, respectively.
Income Tax Benefit
Our income tax benefit for the six months ended June 30, 2021 increased $0.9 million, or 6.4%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020. The increase in our income tax benefit was mainly driven by:
a $2.3 million increased tax benefit due to higher pre-tax book losses from our tax paying entities;
an $8.3 million increased tax benefit associated with the sale of the Capri Resort; and
a $7.3 million increased tax benefit associated with foreign exchange rate fluctuations, primarily for our Mexican entities.
These increases were partially offset by:
a $3.7 million increased tax expense related to valuation allowances recognized for our Jamaica and Mexico entities;
a $3.9 million decreased discrete tax benefit due to deferred tax liabilities on fixed assets of certain Dominican Republic entities;
a $1.1 million decreased income tax benefit related to the Jamaica employment tax credit;
a $2.9 million income tax provision associated with the sale of the Dreams Puerto Aventuras; and
a $5.8 million decreased income tax benefit related to the sales of the Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa and Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark.
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Key Indicators of Financial and Operating Performance
We use a variety of financial and other information to monitor the financial and operating performance of our business. Some of this is financial information prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP, while other information, though financial in nature, is not prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. For reconciliations of non-U.S. GAAP financial measures to the most comparable U.S. GAAP financial measure, see “Non-U.S. GAAP Financial Measures.” Our management also uses other information that is not financial in nature, including statistical information and comparative data that are commonly used within the lodging industry to evaluate the financial and operating performance of our portfolio. Our management uses this information to measure the performance of our segments and consolidated portfolio. We use this information for planning and monitoring our business, as well as in determining management and employee compensation. These key indicators include:
Net Package Revenue
Net Non-package Revenue
Owned Net Revenue
Management Fee Revenue
Total Net Revenue
Occupancy
Net Package ADR
Net Package RevPAR
Adjusted EBITDA
Adjusted EBITDA Margin
Owned Resort EBITDA
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin
Comparable Non-U.S. GAAP Measures
Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue, Owned Net Revenue, Management Fee Revenue, Cost Reimbursements, Total Net Revenue and Net Direct Expenses
“Net Package Revenue” is derived from the sale of all-inclusive packages, which include room accommodations, food and beverage services and entertainment activities, net of compulsory tips paid to employees. Government mandated compulsory tips in the Dominican Republic are not included in this adjustment, as they are already excluded from revenue. Revenue is recognized, net of discounts and rebates, when the rooms are occupied and/or the relevant services have been rendered. Advance deposits received from guests are deferred and included in trade and other payables until the rooms are occupied and/or the relevant services have been rendered, at which point the revenue is recognized.
“Net Non-package Revenue” represents all other revenues earned from the operations of our resorts, other than Net Package Revenue, net of compulsory tips paid to employees. Government mandated compulsory tips in the Dominican Republic are not included in this adjustment, as they are already excluded from revenue. Net Non-package Revenue includes revenue associated with guests' purchases of upgrades, premium services and amenities, such as premium rooms, dining experiences, wines and spirits and spa packages, which are not included in the all-inclusive package. Revenue not included in a guest’s all-inclusive package is recognized when the goods are consumed.
“Owned Net Revenue” represents Net Package Revenue and Net Non-package Revenue. Owned Net Revenue represents a key indicator to assess the overall performance of our business and analyze trends, such as consumer demand, brand preference and competition. In analyzing our Owned Net Revenues, our management differentiates between Net Package Revenue and Net Non-package Revenue. Guests at our resorts purchase packages at stated rates, which include room accommodations, food and beverage services and entertainment activities, in contrast to other lodging business models, which typically only include the room accommodations in the stated rate. The amenities at all-inclusive resorts typically include a variety of buffet and á la carte restaurants, bars, activities, and shows and entertainment throughout the day.
“Management Fee Revenue” is derived from fees earned for managing resorts owned by third-parties. The fees earned are typically composed of a base fee, which is computed as a percentage of revenue, and an incentive fee, which is computed as a percentage of profitability. Management Fee Revenue had a minor contribution to our operating results for the three and six months
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ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, but we expect Management Fee Revenue to be a more relevant indicator to assess the overall performance of our business in the future as we enter into more management contracts.
“Total Net Revenue” represents Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue and Management Fee Revenue. “Cost Reimbursements” is excluded from Total Net Revenue as it is not considered a key indicator of financial and operating performance. Cost Reimbursements is derived from the reimbursement of certain costs incurred by Playa on behalf of resorts managed by Playa and owned by third parties. This revenue is fully offset by reimbursable costs and has no net impact on operating loss or net loss.
“Net Direct Expenses” represents direct expenses, net of compulsory tips paid to employees.
Occupancy
“Occupancy” represents the total number of rooms sold for a period divided by the total number of rooms available during such period. The total number of rooms available excludes any rooms considered “Out of Order” due to renovation or a temporary problem rendering them inadequate for occupancy for an extended period of time. Occupancy is a useful measure of the utilization of a resort’s total available capacity and can be used to gauge demand at a specific resort or group of properties during a given period. Occupancy levels also enable us to optimize Net Package ADR by increasing or decreasing the stated rate for our all-inclusive packages as demand for a resort increases or decreases.
Net Package ADR
“Net Package ADR” represents total Net Package Revenue for a period divided by the total number of rooms sold during such period. Net Package ADR trends and patterns provide useful information concerning the pricing environment and the nature of the guest base of our portfolio or comparable portfolio, as applicable. Net Package ADR is a commonly used performance measure in the all-inclusive segment of the lodging industry and is commonly used to assess the stated rates that guests are willing to pay through various distribution channels.
Net Package RevPAR
“Net Package RevPAR” is the product of Net Package ADR and the average daily occupancy percentage. Net Package RevPAR does not reflect the impact of non-package revenue. Although Net Package RevPAR does not include this additional revenue, it generally is considered the key performance measure in the all-inclusive segment of the lodging industry to identify trend information with respect to net room revenue produced by our portfolio or comparable portfolio, as applicable, and to evaluate operating performance on a consolidated basis or a regional basis, as applicable.
EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA Margin, Owned Resort EBITDA, and Owned Resort EBITDA Margin
We define EBITDA, a non-U.S. GAAP financial measure, as net income or loss, determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP, for the period presented, before interest expense, income tax and depreciation and amortization expense. We define Adjusted EBITDA, a non-U.S. GAAP financial measure, as EBITDA further adjusted to exclude the following items:
Other income or expense
Pre-opening expense
Transaction expenses
Severance expense
Other tax expense
Gain on property damage insurance proceeds
Share-based compensation
Loss on extinguishment of debt
Other items, which may include but are not limited to the following: management contract termination fees; gains or losses from legal settlements; repairs from hurricanes and tropical storms and impairment losses.
We include the non-service cost components of net periodic pension cost or benefit recorded within other income or expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations in calculating Adjusted EBITDA as they are considered part of our ongoing resort operations.
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“Adjusted EBITDA Margin” represents Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of Total Net Revenue.
“Owned Resort EBITDA” represents Adjusted EBITDA before corporate expenses and Management Fee Revenue.
“Owned Resort EBITDA Margin” represents Owned Resort EBITDA as a percentage of Owned Net Revenue.
Usefulness and Limitation of Non-U.S. GAAP Measures
We believe that each of Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue, Owned Net Revenue, Total Net Revenue, Net Package ADR, Net Package RevPAR and Net Direct Expenses are useful to investors as they reflect our operating results by excluding compulsory tips. These tips have a margin of zero and do not represent our operating results.
We also believe that Adjusted EBITDA is useful to investors for two principal reasons. First, we believe Adjusted EBITDA assists investors in comparing our performance over various reporting periods on a consistent basis by removing from our operating results the impact of items that do not reflect our core operating performance. For example, changes in foreign exchange rates (which are the principal driver of changes in other income or expense), and expenses related to capital raising, strategic initiatives and other corporate initiatives, such as expansion into new markets (which are the principal drivers of changes in transaction expenses), are not indicative of the operating performance of our resorts. The other adjustments included in our definition of Adjusted EBITDA relate to items that occur infrequently and therefore would obstruct the comparability of our operating results over reporting periods. For example, revenue from insurance policies, other than business interruption insurance policies, is infrequent in nature, and we believe excluding these expense and revenue items permits investors to better evaluate the core operating performance of our resorts over time. We believe Adjusted EBITDA Margin provides our investors a useful measurement of operating profitability for the same reasons we find Adjusted EBITDA useful.
The second principal reason that we believe Adjusted EBITDA is useful to investors is that it is considered a key performance indicator by our board of directors (our “Board”) and management. In addition, the compensation committee of our Board determines the annual variable compensation for certain members of our management based, in part, on consolidated Adjusted EBITDA. We believe that Adjusted EBITDA is useful to investors because it provides investors with information utilized by our Board and management to assess our performance and may (subject to the limitations described below) enable investors to compare the performance of our portfolio to our competitors.
Our non-U.S. GAAP financial measures are not substitutes for revenue, net income or any other measure determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP. There are limitations to the utility of non-U.S. GAAP financial measures, such as Adjusted EBITDA. For example, other companies in our industry may define Adjusted EBITDA differently than we do. As a result, it may be difficult to use Adjusted EBITDA or similarly named non-U.S. GAAP financial measures that other companies publish to compare the performance of those companies to our performance. Because of these limitations, our non-U.S. GAAP financial measures should not be considered as a measure of the income or loss generated by our business or discretionary cash available for investment in our business, and investors should carefully consider our U.S. GAAP results presented.
For a reconciliation of EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Owned Resort EBITDA to net income or loss as computed under U.S. GAAP, see “Non-U.S. GAAP Financial Measures.”
Comparable Non-U.S. GAAP Measures
We believe that presenting Adjusted EBITDA, Total Net Revenue, Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue and Net Direct Expenses on a comparable basis is useful to investors because these measures include only the results of resorts owned and in operation for the entirety of the periods presented and thereby eliminate disparities in results due to the acquisition or disposition of resorts or the impact of resort closures or re-openings in connection with redevelopment or renovation projects. As a result, we believe these measures provide more consistent metrics for comparing the performance of our operating resorts. We calculate comparable Adjusted EBITDA, comparable Total Net Revenue, comparable Net Package Revenue and comparable Net Non-package Revenue as the total amount of each respective measure less amounts attributable to non-comparable resorts, by which we mean resorts that were not owned or in operation during some or all of the relevant reporting period.
Our comparable resorts for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 exclude the following resorts: Capri Resort, which was sold in June 2021, Dreams Puerto Aventuras, which was sold in February 2021, and Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa and Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark which were sold in May 2020.
A reconciliation of net income or loss as computed under U.S. GAAP to comparable Adjusted EBITDA is presented in “Non-U.S. GAAP Financial Measures,” below. For a reconciliation of Comparable Net Package Revenue, Comparable Net Non-package
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Revenue, Comparable Management Fee Revenue and Comparable Total Net Revenue to total revenue as computed under U.S. GAAP, see “Results of Operations.”
Segment Results
Three Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020
We evaluate our business segment operating performance using segment Owned Net Revenue and segment Owned Resort EBITDA. The following tables summarize segment Owned Net Revenue and segment Owned Resort EBITDA for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 ($ in thousands):
Three Months Ended June 30,Increase / Decrease
20212020Change% Change
Owned Net Revenue
Yucatán Peninsula$45,067 $21 $45,046 214,504.8 %
Pacific Coast20,514 (74)20,588 27,821.6 %
Dominican Republic33,888 11 33,877 307,972.7 %
Jamaica24,134 564 23,570 4,179.1 %
Segment Owned Net Revenue123,603 522 123,081 23,578.7 %
Other369 20 349 1,745.0 %
Management fees452 (18)470 2,611.1 %
Total Net Revenue$124,424 $524 $123,900 23,645.0 %
Three Months Ended June 30,Increase / Decrease
20212020Change% Change
Owned Resort EBITDA
Yucatán Peninsula$13,022 $(8,004)$21,026 262.7 %
Pacific Coast7,078 (2,816)9,894 351.3 %
Dominican Republic7,926 (4,881)12,807 262.4 %
Jamaica4,072 (8,097)12,169 150.3 %
Segment Owned Resort EBITDA32,098 (23,798)55,896 234.9 %
Other corporate(9,635)(7,606)(2,029)26.7 %
Management fees452 (18)470 2,611.1 %
Total Adjusted EBITDA$22,915 $(31,422)$54,337 172.9 %
For a reconciliation of segment Owned Net Revenue and segment Owned Resort EBITDA to total revenue and net income, respectively, each as computed under U.S. GAAP, see Note 15 to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
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Yucatán Peninsula
The following tables set forth information with respect to our Occupancy, Net Package ADR, Net Package RevPAR, Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue, Owned Net Revenue, Owned Resort EBITDA and Owned Resort EBITDA Margin for our Yucatán Peninsula segment for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 for the total segment portfolio and comparable segment portfolio:
Total Portfolio
Three Months Ended June 30,Increase / Decrease
20212020
Change
% Change 
Occupancy52.0 %— %52.0 %— %
Net Package ADR$328.38 $— $328.38 $— 
Net Package RevPAR$170.77 $— $170.77 $— 
($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$37,264 $(167)$37,431 22,413.8 %
Net Non-package Revenue7,803 188 7,615 4,050.5 %
Owned Net Revenue45,067 21 45,046 214,504.8 %
Owned Resort EBITDA$13,022 $(8,004)$21,026 262.7 %
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin28.9 %(38,114.3)%38,143.2 pts100.1 %
Comparable Portfolio
Three Months Ended June 30,Increase / Decrease
20212020
Change
% Change 
Occupancy58.7 %— %58.7 %— %
Net Package ADR$328.51 $— $328.51 $— 
Net Package RevPAR$192.68 $— $192.68 $— 
($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$37,278 $(144)$37,422 25,987.5 %
Net Non-package Revenue7,753 78 7,675 9,839.7 %
Owned Net Revenue45,031 (66)45,097 68,328.8 %
Owned Resort EBITDA$13,813 $(6,633)$20,446 308.2 %
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin30.7 %(10,050.0)%10,080.7 %100.3 %
Segment Comparable Owned Net Revenue. Our Comparable Owned Net Revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2021 increased $45.1 million, or 68,328.8%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020. These increases are a result of the resumption of resort operations this quarter as compared to the second quarter of 2020 (during which time all of our resorts were closed). Comparable Net Package ADR of $328.51 for the three months ended June 30, 2021 benefited by an additional $6.93 as a result of a change in billing methodology of an online travel agency (“OTA”), which requires Playa to present this revenue gross of commissions under U.S. GAAP. Excluding the aforementioned change in billing practice, Comparable Net Package ADR would have been $321.58.
Compared to 2019, our Comparable Net Package ADR for the three months ended June 30, 2021 increased by $49.47, or 17.7%. Excluding the aforementioned change in billing practice, the increase would have been $42.54, or 15.2%.
Segment Comparable Owned Resort EBITDA. Our Comparable Owned Resort EBITDA for the three months ended June 30, 2021 increased $20.4 million, or 308.2%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020. These increases are a result of the resumption of operations this quarter as compared to the second quarter of 2020 (during which time all of our resorts were closed).
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Pacific Coast
The following tables set forth information with respect to our Occupancy, Net Package ADR, Net Package RevPAR, Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue, Owned Net Revenue, Owned Resort EBITDA and Owned Resort EBITDA Margin for our Pacific Coast segment for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 for the total segment portfolio:
Three Months Ended June 30,Increase / Decrease
20212020Change% Change
Occupancy59.8 %— %59.8 %— %
Net Package ADR$339.20 $— $339.20 $— 
Net Package RevPAR$202.93 $— $202.93 $— 
($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$17,100 $(89)$17,189 19,313.5 %
Net Non-package Revenue3,414 15 3,399 22,660.0 %
Owned Net Revenue20,514 (74)20,588 27,821.6 %
Owned Resort EBITDA$7,078 $(2,816)$9,894 351.3 %
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin34.5 %(3,805.4)%3,839.9 pts100.9 %
Segment Owned Net Revenue. Our Owned Net Revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2021 increased $20.6 million, or 27,821.6%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020. These increases are a result of the resumption of operations this quarter as compared to the second quarter of 2020 (during which time all of our resorts were closed). Net Package ADR of $339.20 for the three months ended June 30, 2021 benefited by an additional $5.83 as a result of a change in billing methodology of an OTA, which requires Playa to present this revenue gross of commissions under U.S. GAAP. Excluding the aforementioned change in billing practice, Net Package ADR would have been $333.37.
Compared to 2019, our Net Package ADR for the three months ended June 30, 2021 increased by $43.72, or 14.8%. Excluding the aforementioned change in billing practice, the increase would have been $37.89, or 12.8%.
Segment Owned Resort EBITDA. Our Owned Resort EBITDA for the three months ended June 30, 2021 increased $9.9 million, or 351.3%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020. These increases are a result of the resumption of operations this quarter as compared to the second quarter of 2020 (during which time all of our resorts were closed).
Dominican Republic
The following table sets forth information with respect to our Occupancy, Net Package ADR, Net Package RevPAR, Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue, Owned Net Revenue, Owned Resort EBITDA and Owned Resort EBITDA Margin for our Dominican Republic segment for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 for the total segment portfolio:
Three Months Ended June 30,Increase / Decrease
20212020Change% Change
Occupancy45.0 %— %45.0 %— %
Net Package ADR$257.73 $— $257.73 $— 
Net Package RevPAR$115.90 $— $115.90 $— 
($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$27,885 $(178)$28,063 15,765.7 %
Net Non-package Revenue6,003 189 5,814 3,076.2 %
Owned Net Revenue33,888 11 33,877 307,972.7 %
Owned Resort EBITDA$7,926 $(4,881)$12,807 262.4 %
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin23.4 %(44,372.7)%44,396.1 pts100.1 %
Segment Owned Net Revenue. Our Owned Net Revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2021 increased $33.9 million, or 307,972.7%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020. These increases are a result of the resumption of operations this quarter as compared to the second quarter of 2020 (during which time all of our resorts were closed).
Compared to 2019, our Net Package ADR for three months ended June 30, 2021 increased by $75.36, or 41.3%. This increase is driven by the opening of Hyatt Ziva and Hyatt Zilara Cap Cana in the fourth quarter of 2019.
44


Segment Owned Resort EBITDA. Our Owned Resort EBITDA for the three months ended June 30, 2021 increased $12.8 million, or 262.4%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020. These increases are a result of the resumption of operations this quarter as compared to the second quarter of 2020 (during which time all of our resorts were closed).
Jamaica
The following table sets forth information with respect to our Occupancy, Net Package ADR, Net Package RevPAR, Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue, Owned Net Revenue, Owned Resort EBITDA and Owned Resort EBITDA Margin for our Jamaica segment for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 for the total segment portfolio and comparable segment portfolio:
Total Portfolio
Three Months Ended June 30,Increase / Decrease
20212020Change% Change
Occupancy48.9 %— %48.9 %— %
Net Package ADR$304.51 $— $304.51 $— 
Net Package RevPAR$149.03 $— $149.03 $— 
($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$19,366 $736 $18,630 2,531.3 %
Net Non-package Revenue4,768 (172)4,940 2,872.1 %
Owned Net Revenue24,134 564 23,570 4,179.1 %
Owned Resort EBITDA$4,072 $(8,097)$12,169 150.3 %
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin16.9 %(1,435.6)%1,452.5 pts101.2 %
Comparable Portfolio    
Three Months Ended June 30,Increase / Decrease
20212020Change% Change
Occupancy48.9 %— %48.9 %— %
Net Package ADR$305.26 $— $305.26 $— 
Net Package RevPAR$149.40 $— $149.40 $— 
($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$19,414 $703 $18,711 2,661.6 %
Net Non-package Revenue4,793 (78)4,871 6,244.9 %
Owned Net Revenue24,207 625 23,582 3,773.1 %
Owned Resort EBITDA$3,959 $(6,699)$10,658 159.1 %
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin16.4 %(1,071.8)%1,088.2 pts101.5 %

Segment Comparable Owned Net Revenue. Our Comparable Owned Net Revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2021 increased $23.6 million, or 3,773.1%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020. These increases are a result of the resumption of operations this quarter as compared to the second quarter of 2020 (during which time all of our resorts were closed).

Compared to 2019, our Comparable Net Package ADR for the three months ended June 30, 2021 decreased by $13.72, or 4.3%.
Segment Comparable Owned Resort EBITDA. Our Comparable Owned Resort EBITDA for the three months ended June 30, 2021 increased $10.7 million, or 159.1%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020. These increases are a result of the resumption of operations this quarter as compared to the second quarter of 2020 (during which time all of our resorts were closed).
45


Segment Results
Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020
We evaluate our business segment operating performance using segment Owned Net Revenue and segment Owned Resort EBITDA. The following tables summarize segment Owned Net Revenue and segment Owned Resort EBITDA for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 ($ in thousands):
Six Months Ended June 30,Increase / Decrease
20212020
Change
% Change 
Owned Net Revenue
Yucatán Peninsula$78,670 $62,338 $16,332 26.2 %
Pacific Coast29,135 21,081 8,054 38.2 %
Dominican Republic54,769 35,607 19,162 53.8 %
Jamaica35,856 52,000 (16,144)(31.0)%
Segment Owned Net Revenue198,430 171,026 27,404 16.0 %
Other494 35 459 1,311.4 %
Management Fee Revenue796 627 169 27.0 %
Total Net Revenue$199,720 $171,688 $28,032 16.3 %
Six Months Ended June 30,Increase / Decrease
20212020
Change
% Change
Owned Resort EBITDA
Yucatán Peninsula$20,196 $16,931 $3,265 19.3 %
Pacific Coast7,563 6,056 1,507 24.9 %
Dominican Republic9,592 2,908 6,684 229.8 %
Jamaica1,292 10,976 (9,684)(88.2)%
Segment Owned Resort EBITDA38,64336,8711,772 4.8 %
Other corporate(19,029)(18,577)(452)2.4 %
Management Fee Revenue796 627 169 27.0 %
Total Adjusted EBITDA$20,410 $18,921 $1,489 7.9 %
For a reconciliation of segment Owned Net Revenue and segment Owned Resort EBITDA to total revenue and net income, respectively, each as computed under U.S. GAAP, see Note 15 to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
46


Yucatán Peninsula
The following tables set forth information with respect to our Occupancy, Net Package ADR, Net Package RevPAR, Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue, Owned Net Revenue, Owned Resort EBITDA and Owned Resort EBITDA Margin for our Yucatán Peninsula segment for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 for the total segment portfolio and comparable segment portfolio:
Total Portfolio
Six Months Ended June 30,Increase / Decrease
20212020
Change
% Change 
Occupancy46.8 %37.0 %9.8 pts26.5 %
Net Package ADR$311.22 $298.32 $12.90 4.3 %
Net Package RevPAR$145.60 $110.45 $35.15 31.8 %
($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$65,175 $54,719 $10,456 19.1 %
Net Non-package Revenue13,495 7,619 5,876 77.1 %
Owned Net Revenue78,670 62,338 16,332 26.2 %
Owned Resort EBITDA$20,196 $16,931 $3,265 19.3 %
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin25.7 %27.2 %(1.5)pts(5.5)%
Comparable Portfolio
Six Months Ended June 30,Increase / Decrease
20212020
Change
% Change 
Occupancy53.3 %36.4 %16.9 pts46.4 %
Net Package ADR$314.43 $319.16 $(4.73)(1.5)%
Net Package RevPAR$167.73 $116.05 $51.68 44.5 %
($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$64,543 $44,902 $19,641 43.7 %
Net Non-package Revenue12,980 6,035 6,945 115.1 %
Owned Net Revenue77,523 50,937 26,586 52.2 %
Owned Resort EBITDA$21,498 $15,088 $6,410 42.5 %
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin27.7 %29.6 %(1.9)pts(6.4)%
Segment Comparable Owned Net Revenue. Our Comparable Owned Net Revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2021 increased $26.6 million, or 52.2%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020. These increases are a result of the resumption of operations this year as compared to the second quarter of 2020 (during which time all of our resorts were closed). Comparable Net Package ADR of $314.43 for the six months ended June 30, 2021 benefited by an additional $3.83 as a result of a change in billing methodology of an OTA, which requires Playa to present this revenue gross of commissions under U.S. GAAP. Excluding the aforementioned change in billing practice, Comparable Net Package ADR would have been $310.60.
Compared to 2019, our Comparable Net Package ADR for the six months ended June 30, 2021 increased by $13.83, or 4.6%. Excluding the aforementioned change in billing practice, the increase would have been $9.99, or 3.3%.
Segment Comparable Owned Resort EBITDA. Our Comparable Owned Resort EBITDA for the six months ended June 30, 2021 increased $6.4 million, or 42.5%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020. These increases are a result of the resumption of operations this year as compared to the second quarter of 2020 (during which time all of our resorts were closed).
47


Pacific Coast
The following tables set forth information with respect to our Occupancy, Net Package ADR, Net Package RevPAR, Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue, Owned Net Revenue, Owned Resort EBITDA and Owned Resort EBITDA Margin for our Pacific Coast segment for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 for the total segment portfolio:
Six Months Ended June 30,Increase / Decrease
20212020Change% Change
Occupancy44.0 %31.2 %12.8 pts41.0 %
Net Package ADR$330.29 $342.58 $(12.29)(3.6)%
Net Package RevPAR$145.39 $106.93 $38.46 36.0 %
($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$24,368 $18,021 $6,347 35.2 %
Net Non-package Revenue4,767 3,060 1,707 55.8 %
Owned Net Revenue29,135 21,081 8,054 38.2 %
Owned Resort EBITDA$7,563 $6,056 $1,507 24.9 %
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin26.0 %28.7 %(2.7)pts(9.4)%
Segment Owned Net Revenue. Our Owned Net Revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2021 increased $8.1 million, or 38.2%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020. These increases are a result of the resumption of operations this year as compared to the second quarter of 2020 (during which time all of our resorts were closed). Net Package ADR of $330.29 for the six months ended June 30, 2021 benefited by an additional $3.98 as a result of a change in billing methodology of an OTA, which requires Playa to present this revenue gross of commissions under U.S. GAAP. Excluding the aforementioned change in billing practice, Net Package ADR would have been $326.31.
Compared to 2019, our Net Package ADR for the six months ended June 30, 2021 increased by $8.91, or 2.8%. Excluding the aforementioned change in billing practice, the increase would have been $4.92, or 1.5%.
Segment Owned Resort EBITDA. Our Owned Resort EBITDA for the six months ended June 30, 2021 increased $1.5 million, or 24.9%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020. These increases are a result of the resumption of operations this year as compared to the second quarter of 2020 (during which time all of our resorts were closed).
Dominican Republic
The following tables set forth information with respect to our Occupancy, Net Package ADR, Net Package RevPAR, Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue, Owned Net Revenue, Owned Resort EBITDA and Owned Resort EBITDA Margin for our Dominican Republic segment for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 for the total segment portfolio:
Six Months Ended June 30,Increase / Decrease
20212020Change% Change
Occupancy35.5 %28.6 %6.9 pts24.1 %
Net Package ADR$266.65 $226.04 $40.61 18.0 %
Net Package RevPAR$94.73 $64.74 $29.99 46.3 %
($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$45,334 $31,152 $14,182 45.5 %
Net Non-package Revenue9,435 4,455 4,980 111.8 %
Owned Net Revenue54,769 35,607 19,162 53.8 %
Owned Resort EBITDA$9,592 $2,908 $6,684 229.8 %
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin17.5 %8.2 %9.3 pts113.4 %
Segment Owned Net Revenue. Our Owned Net Revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2021 increased $19.2 million, or 53.8%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020. These increases are a result of the resumption of operations this year as compared to the second quarter of 2020 (during which time all of our resorts were closed).
Compared to 2019, our Net Package ADR for the six months ended June 30, 2021 increased by $56.06, or 26.6%. This increase is driven by the opening of Hyatt Ziva and Hyatt Zilara Cap Cana in the fourth quarter of 2019.
48


Segment Owned Resort EBITDA. Our Owned Resort EBITDA for the six months ended June 30, 2021 increased $6.7 million, or 229.8%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020.
Jamaica
The following table sets forth information with respect to our Occupancy, Net Package ADR, Net Package RevPAR, Net Package Revenue, Net Non-package Revenue, Owned Net Revenue, Owned Resort EBITDA and Owned Resort EBITDA Margin for our Jamaica segment for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 for the total segment portfolio:
Total Portfolio
Six Months Ended June 30,Increase / Decrease
20212020Change% Change
Occupancy37.7 %37.0 %0.7 pts1.9 %
Net Package ADR$295.96 $355.09 $(59.13)(16.7)%
Net Package RevPAR$111.51 $131.43 $(19.92)(15.2)%
($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$28,821 $44,506 $(15,685)(35.2)%
Net Non-package Revenue7,035 7,494 (459)(6.1)%
Owned Net Revenue35,856 52,000 (16,144)(31.0)%
Owned Resort EBITDA$1,292 $10,976 $(9,684)(88.2)%
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin3.6 %21.1 %(17.5)pts(82.9)%
Comparable Portfolio    
Six Months Ended June 30,Increase / Decrease
20212020Change% Change
Occupancy37.7 %35.3 %2.4 pts6.8 %
Net Package ADR$296.48 $380.91 $(84.43)(22.2)%
Net Package RevPAR$111.70 $134.64 $(22.94)(17.0)%
($ in thousands)
Net Package Revenue$28,872 $34,992 (6,120)(17.5)%
Net Non-package Revenue6,963 6,111 852 13.9 %
Owned Net Revenue35,835 41,103 (5,268)(12.8)%
Owned Resort EBITDA$849 $8,167 $(7,318)(89.6)%
Owned Resort EBITDA Margin2.4 %19.9 %(17.5)pts(87.9)%

Segment Comparable Owned Net Revenue. Our Owned Net Revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2021 decreased $5.3 million, or 12.8%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020. Net Package ADR in the segment was negatively impacted by a higher mix of Occupancy at our lower chain scale resorts.

Compared to 2019, our Comparable Net Package ADR for the six months ended June 30, 2021 decreased by $53.50, or 15.3%.
Segment Comparable Owned Resort EBITDA. Our Owned Resort EBITDA for the six months ended June 30, 2021 decreased $7.3 million, or 89.6%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020.
49


Non-U.S. GAAP Financial Measures
Reconciliation of Net Loss to Adjusted EBITDA (Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization)
The following is a reconciliation of our U.S. GAAP net loss to EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, Owned Resort EBITDA and Comparable Owned Resort EBITDA for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 ($ in thousands):
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
Net loss$(7,768)$(87,458)$(77,513)$(110,014)
Interest expense18,950 20,916 37,117 41,871 
Income tax benefit(12,452)(14,647)(14,403)(13,536)
Depreciation and amortization20,017 22,400 40,900 47,359 
EBITDA18,747 (58,789)(13,899)(34,320)
Other expense (income) (a)
628 (4,853)1,334 (947)
Share-based compensation3,450 2,719 6,629 5,942 
Transaction expense (b)
139 289 718 875 
Severance expense (c)
— 1,246 1,287 2,444 
Other tax expense (d)
(2)231 161 468 
Impairment loss— 25,268 24,011 41,441 
Loss on sale of assets375 1,729 648 1,729 
Non-service cost components of net periodic pension (cost) benefit (e)
(422)738 (479)1,289 
Adjusted EBITDA22,915 (31,422)20,410 18,921 
Other corporate9,635 7,606 19,029 18,577 
Management fee income(452)18 (796)(627)
Owned Resort EBITDA32,098 (23,798)38,643 36,871 
Less: Non-comparable Owned Resort EBITDA(678)(2,769)(859)4,652 
Comparable Owned Resort EBITDA (f)
$32,776 $(21,029)$39,502 $32,219 
________
(a)    Represents changes in foreign exchange rates and other miscellaneous expenses or income.
(b)    Represents expenses incurred in connection with corporate initiatives, such as: debt refinancing costs; other capital raising efforts; and strategic initiatives, such as the launch of a new resort or possible expansion into new markets.
(c)    Represents expenses incurred for employee terminations.
(d)    Relates primarily to a Dominican Republic asset/revenue tax, which is an alternative tax to income tax in the Dominican Republic. We eliminate this expense from Adjusted EBITDA because it is substantially similar to the income tax provision or benefit we eliminate from our calculation of EBITDA.
(e)    Represents the non-service cost components of net periodic pension (cost) benefit recorded within other (expense) income in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations. We include these for the purposes of calculating Adjusted EBITDA as they are considered part of our ongoing resort operations.
(f)    Comparable resorts for the three months ended June 30, 2021 exclude the following: Capri Resort, which was sold in June 2021, Dreams Puerto Aventuras, which was sold in February 2021, and Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa and Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark which were sold in May 2020.
Seasonality
The seasonality of the lodging industry and the location of our resorts in Mexico and the Caribbean generally result in the greatest demand for our resorts between mid-December and April of each year, yielding higher occupancy levels and package rates during this period. This seasonality in demand has resulted in predictable fluctuations in revenue, results of operations, and liquidity, which are consistently higher during the first quarter of each year than in successive quarters.
However, the COVID-19 pandemic has altered this seasonal trend in 2020 and 2021. See “Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic” above for more information regarding the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on our results of operations.
Inflation
Inflation has increased recently. Operators of lodging properties, in general, possess the ability to adjust room rates to reflect the effects of inflation. However, competitive pressures, in addition to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, may limit our ability to raise room rates to fully offset inflationary cost increases. See “Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic” above for more information regarding the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on our results of operations.
50


Liquidity and Capital Resources
The suspension of operations at all of our resorts from late March 2020 through July 2020 as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, and the severely reduced occupancy we experienced upon reopening the resorts and the reduced occupancy levels we continue to experience, have adversely affected our liquidity.
As of June 30, 2021, we had $237.7 million of available cash, excluding restricted cash, up from $146.9 million as of December 31, 2020. The increase in available cash was primarily attributable to the net cash proceeds from our equity raise of $137.7 million, the sale of the Dreams Puerto Aventuras for $34.3 million and the sale of the Capri Resort for $55.2 million, which were partially offset by the repayment of our outstanding Revolving Credit Facility balance of $84.7 million and the Term Loan principal repayment of $24.4 million.
Our primary short-term cash needs are paying operating expenses, maintaining our resorts, and servicing our outstanding indebtedness. As of June 30, 2021, we had $45.5 million of scheduled contractual obligations remaining in 2021. We have deferred substantially all major development, expansion, renovation, repositioning and rebranding projects, with timing subject to the duration of the COVID-19 pandemic and the pace at which our business returns to more normalized levels.
We expect to meet our short-term liquidity requirements generally through our existing cash balances, equity issuances or short-term borrowings under our Revolving Credit Facility. As of June 30, 2021, we had $85.0 million available on our Revolving Credit Facility, of which $68.0 million does not mature until January 2024.
Long-term liquidity needs may include property developments, expansions, renovations, repositioning and rebranding projects, potential acquisitions and the repayment of indebtedness. As of June 30, 2021, our total debt obligations were $1,153.2 million (which represents the principal amounts outstanding under Term Loans, Property Loan and financing lease obligations, excluding $4.9 million of issuance discounts and $9.1 million of unamortized debt issuance costs). We expect to meet our long-term liquidity requirements generally through the sources available for short-term needs, as well as equity or debt issuances or proceeds from the potential disposal of assets.
We are continuing to monitor our liquidity and we may pursue additional sources of liquidity as needed. The availability of additional liquidity options will depend on the economic and financial environment, our credit, our historical and projected financial and operating performance and continued compliance with financial covenants. If operating conditions do not improve, whether as a result of the current pandemic or a resurgence thereof or for other reasons, we may not be able to maintain our current liquidity position or access additional sources of liquidity at acceptable terms or at all.
Financing Strategy
We intend to use other financing sources that may be available to us from time to time, including financing from banks, institutional investors or other lenders, such as bridge loans, letters of credit, joint ventures and other arrangements. Future financings may be unsecured or may be secured by mortgages or other interests in our assets. In addition, we may issue publicly or privately placed debt or equity securities. When possible and desirable, we will seek to replace short-term financing with long-term financing. We may use the proceeds from any financings to refinance existing indebtedness, to finance resort projects or acquisitions or for general working capital or other purposes.
Our indebtedness may be recourse, non-recourse or cross-collateralized and may be fixed rate or variable rate. If the indebtedness is non-recourse, the obligation to repay such indebtedness will generally be limited to the particular resort or resorts pledged to secure such indebtedness. In addition, we may invest in resorts subject to existing loans secured by mortgages or similar liens on the resorts or may refinance resorts acquired on a leveraged basis.
51


Cash Flows
The following table summarizes our net cash provided by or used in operating activities, investing activities and financing activities for the periods indicated and should be read in conjunction with our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows and accompanying notes thereto ($ in thousands):
Six Months Ended June 30,
20212020
Net cash used in operating activities$(13,578)$(28,396)
Net cash provided by investing activities$80,560 $58,862 
Net cash provided by financing activities$23,520 $227,544 
Net Cash Provided by or Used in Operating Activities
Our net cash (used in) provided by operating activities is generated primarily from operating loss or income from our resorts. For the six months ended June 30, 2021, our net cash used in operating activities was $13.6 million. For the six months ended June 30, 2020, our net cash used in operating activities was $28.4 million.
Net loss of $77.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 included significant non-cash income and expenses, including $40.9 million of depreciation and amortization, $24.0 million of impairment losses, $6.6 million of share-based compensation, and a $4.6 million gain on the fair value of our interest rate swaps, offset by changes in our assets and liabilities through the normal course of operations.
Net loss of $110.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 included significant non-cash expenses, including $47.4 million of depreciation and amortization, $41.4 million of goodwill impairment losses, $5.9 million of share based compensation, and a $11.4 million loss on the fair value of our interest rates swaps, offset by changes in our assets and liabilities through the normal course of operations.
Net Cash Provided by or Used in Investing Activities
For the six months ended June 30, 2021, our net cash provided by investing activities was $80.6 million. For the six months ended June 30, 2020, our net cash provided by investing activities was $58.9 million.
Activity for the six months ended June 30, 2021:
Net proceeds from the sale of assets of $89.1 million; and
Purchases of property and equipment of $8.4 million.
Activity for the six months ended June 30, 2020:
Purchases of property and equipment of $7.4 million;
Purchases of intangible assets of $0.3 million;
Proceeds from the sale of assets of $58.1 million; and
Receipt of key money of $8.5 million.
Capital Expenditures
We maintain each of our properties in good repair and condition and in conformity with applicable laws and regulations, franchise and license agreements and management agreements. Capital expenditures made to extend the service life or increase the capacity of our assets, including expenditures for the replacement, improvement or expansion of existing capital assets (i.e., maintenance capital expenditures), differ from ongoing repair and maintenance expense items, which do not in our judgment extend the service life or increase the capacity of assets and are charged to expense as incurred. We have approval rights over capital expenditures made by our third-party manager as part of the annual budget process for each property they manage. From time to time, certain of our resorts may be undergoing renovations as a result of our decision to upgrade portions of the resorts, such as guestrooms, public space, meeting space, gyms, spas and/or restaurants, in order to better compete with other resorts in our markets. Due to the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on our liquidity, we deferred all non-critical capital expenditures for the remainder of the year.

52


Net Cash Used in and Provided by Financing Activities
Our net cash provided by financing activities was $23.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $227.5 million of cash provided by financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2020.
Activity for the six months ended June 30, 2021:
Net proceeds from our equity issuance of $137.7 million;
Principal payments on our Term Loan of $29.4 million; and
Repayments on our Revolving Credit Facility of $84.7 million.
Activity for the six months ended June 30, 2020:
Proceeds from debt issuances of $199.6 million;
Proceeds from borrowings on our Revolving Credit Facility of $40.0 million;
Issuance costs of debt of $8.7 million;
Net proceeds from our equity issuance of $19.6 million;
Principal payments on our Term Loan of $5.1 million;
Repayment on our Revolving Credit Facility of $15.3 million; and
Repurchases of ordinary shares of $2.5 million.
Senior Secured Credit Facility
Playa Resorts Holding B.V., a subsidiary of ours, holds a senior secured credit facility (the “Senior Secured Credit Facility”) pursuant to the Existing Credit Agreement, which consists of a term loan facility which is scheduled to mature on April 27, 2024 (“Term Loan”) and a revolving credit facility, a portion of which is scheduled to mature on April 27, 2022 and a portion of which is scheduled to mature on January 27, 2024 (“Revolving Credit Facility”). The Term Loan bears interest at a rate per annum equal to LIBOR plus 2.75% (where the applicable LIBOR rate has a 1.0% floor). The Revolving Credit Facility bears interest at LIBOR plus 3.00% with respect to the portion maturing in April 2022, and LIBOR plus 4.00% with respect to the portion maturing January 2024. We are required to pay a commitment fee ranging from 0.25% to 0.5% per annum on the average daily undrawn balance of the Revolving Credit Facility.
The obligations under the Senior Secured Credit Facility are guaranteed by (a) substantially all of our material subsidiaries, subject to certain exceptions and (b) the Company on a limited recourse basis, with such guaranty being collateralized by a lien on our ordinary shares.
The obligations are further collateralized by, among other things, a lien on (i) all resorts located in Mexico, (ii) certain personal property associated with such resort properties and (iii) pledges of equity interests in certain of our subsidiaries that directly or indirectly own equity interests in any resort property or certain management companies.
Additional Credit Facility
On June 12, 2020, we entered into an additional senior secured credit facility with an average interest rate of 9.25% that matures on April 27, 2024 and ranks pari passu with the Existing Credit Agreement (the “Additional Credit Facility”). The Additional Credit Facility consists of the following term loans:
i.$35.0 million term loan at fixed rate of 11.4777% (the “Term A1 Loan”);
ii.$31.0 million term loan at fixed rate of 11.4777% (the “Term A2 Loan”); and
iii.$28.0 million term loan at our option of either a base rate plus a margin of 2.00% or LIBOR plus 3.00% (the “Term A3 Loan”). Term A3 Loan is subject to a 1.0% floor consistent with the Existing Credit Agreement.
We have used and intend to use the proceeds from the Additional Credit Facility for general corporate purposes. The obligations under the Additional Credit Facility are collateralized in a manner that is substantially identical to the Existing Credit Agreement.
Prior to the maturity date, the Additional Credit Facility does not require principal payments, but does include mandatory repayment requirements for the Term A3 Loan that are consistent with the Existing Credit Agreement. Mandatory repayments are
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required for certain asset sales, casualty events and condemnation events that are not reinvested in our business where our total net leverage ratio is above 4.00x. We may not voluntarily prepay any portion of the Additional Credit Facility prior to June 2023 without paying a make-whole premium equal to 100% of the interest that would have otherwise accrued from the date of such payment through June 2022 plus 50% of the interest that otherwise would have accrued from June 2022 to June 2023. Subsequent to June 2023, we may prepay any portion of the Additional Credit Facility without penalty.
In connection with the Additional Credit Facility, we terminated the remaining $15.0 million of unused capacity of our Revolving Credit Facility under the Existing Credit Agreement. The Additional Credit Facility contains covenants (including a springing financial maintenance covenant) identical to those contained in the Existing Credit Agreement.

Property Loan Agreement
On June 12, 2020, we entered into a property loan agreement in the amount of $110.0 million that has a fixed interest rate of 9.25% and matures on July 1, 2025 (the “Property Loan”). Prior to maturity, the Property Loan does not require principal payments. The Property Loan is collateralized by the mortgages of our Hyatt Ziva and Hyatt Zilara Cap Cana properties located in the Dominican Republic and the Hilton Rose Hall Resort & Spa located in Jamaica (collectively the “Properties”). We intend to use the proceeds of the Property Loan to finance the operation and management of the Properties and for general corporate purposes.
During the term of the Property Loan, we are required to deposit certain cash reserves including reserves for operating expenses, debt service and certain property improvement plan required work. We will continue to fund the reserves until the Properties achieve a debt service coverage ratio of 1.50x for two consecutive calendar quarters. These reserves are presented as restricted cash on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet, which had a balance of $25.6 million as of June 30, 2021.
Contractual Obligations
As of June 30, 2021, there have been no significant changes to our “Contractual Obligations” table in Item 7, “Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of our Annual Report, other than the change in our debt and related repayment requirements described below.
Our total debt decreased $114.1 million, from $1,267.3 million as of December 31, 2020 to $1,153.2 million as of June 30, 2021. This decrease was driven by the repayment of the $84.7 million balance previously outstanding on our Revolving Credit Facility and the $24.4 million repayment on our Term Loan as a result of the sale of the Capri Resort in June 2021. In accordance with our Existing Credit Agreement, we utilized 50% of the net proceeds from the sale of $24.4 million, after deducting incremental expenses, to repay our Term Loan on June 29, 2021.
Additionally, in connection with the terms of the Existing Credit Agreement and Second Amendment, we are required to use the net proceeds from the sale of assets, subject to certain exceptions, including for customary reinvestment rights, to repay the proportionate balance on our Senior Secured Credit Facility and Term A3 Loan if our net leverage ratio is above 4.00x. In May 2022 and February 2023, we anticipate that we will repay the net proceeds, after taking into account certain investments made in accordance with our customary reinvestment rights, from the sales of the Jewel Dunn’s River Beach Resort & Spa and Jewel Runaway Bay Beach Resort & Waterpark of $24.0 million and the Dreams Puerto Aventuras of $9.5 million, respectively, which include incremental transaction costs and capital expenditures incurred across our portfolio leading up to the repayment date. In December 2022, we expect to repay the remaining 50% of the net proceeds from the sale of the Capri Resort of $24.4 million.
Off Balance Sheet Arrangements
We had no off balance sheet arrangements for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included herein have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts and related disclosures. A number of our significant accounting policies are critical due to the fact that they require us to exercise a higher degree of judgment and estimation based on assumptions that are inherently uncertain. While we believe our estimates, assumptions and judgments are reasonable, they are based upon information presently available. Actual results may differ significantly from these estimates under different assumptions, judgments or conditions, which could have a material effect on our financial position, results of operations and related disclosures. The impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic have increased uncertainty, which has reduced our ability to use past results to estimate future performance. Accordingly, our estimates and judgments may be subject to greater volatility than has been the case in the past.

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We have discussed those estimates that we believe are critical and require the use of complex judgment in their application in our Consolidated Financial Statements included within our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, filed with the SEC on March 4, 2021. There have been no material changes to our critical accounting policies or the methodologies or assumptions we apply under them except for those disclosed in Note 2 to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Our financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, trade and other receivables, accounts receivable from related parties, certain prepayments and other assets, trade and other payables, payables to related parties, derivative financial instruments, other liabilities including our pension obligation and debt (excluding the financing lease obligation). See Note 13, “Fair value of financial instruments,” to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more information.
Related Party Transactions
See Note 6, “Related party transactions,” to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for information on these transactions.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
See the recent accounting pronouncements in Note 2 to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
Item 3.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
In the normal course of operations, we are exposed to interest rate risk and foreign currency risk which may impact future income and cash flows.
Interest Rate Risk
The risk from market interest rate fluctuations mainly affects long-term debt bearing interest at a variable interest rate. We currently use an interest rate swap (see Note 12 of our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements) to manage exposure to this risk. As of June 30, 2021, 15% of our outstanding indebtedness bore interest at floating rates and 85% bore interest at fixed rates. If market rates of interest on our floating rate debt were to increase by 1.0%, the increase in interest expense on our floating rate debt would decrease our future earnings and cash flows by approximately $0.2 million annually, assuming the balance outstanding under our Revolving Credit Facility remained at $0 million. If market rates of interest on our floating rate debt were to decrease by 1.0%, there would be no impact on our floating rate debt or our future earnings and cash flows, assuming the balance outstanding under our Revolving Credit Facility remained at $0 million and the current LIBOR rate on our floating rate debt could not fall below the existing 1.0% LIBOR floor.
Foreign Currency Risk
We are exposed to exchange rate fluctuations because all of our resort investments are based in locations where the local currency is not the U.S. dollar, which is our reporting currency. For the six months ended June 30, 2021 approximately 3.2% of our revenues were denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. As a result, our revenues reported on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations are affected by movements in exchange rates.
Approximately 84% of our operating expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2021 were denominated in the local currencies in the countries in which we operate. As a result, our operating expenses reported on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations are affected by movements in exchange rates.
The foreign currencies in which our expenses are primarily denominated are the Mexican Peso, Dominican Peso and the Jamaican Dollar. The effect of an immediate 5% adverse change in foreign exchange rates on Mexican Peso-denominated expenses at June 30, 2021 would have impacted our net income before tax by approximately $3.5 million on a year-to-date basis. The effect of an immediate 5% adverse change in foreign exchange rates on Dominican Peso-denominated expenses at June 30, 2021 would have impacted our net income before tax by approximately $2.0 million on a year-to-date basis. The effect of an immediate 5% adverse change in foreign exchange rates on Jamaican Dollar-denominated expenses at June 30, 2021 would have impacted our net income before tax by approximately $1.6 million on a year-to-date basis.
At this time, we do not have any outstanding derivatives or other financial instruments designed to hedge our foreign currency exchange risk.
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Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

Disclosure Controls and Procedures.

We maintain a set of disclosure controls and procedures (as that term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures. In accordance with Rule 13a-15(b) of the Exchange Act, as of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report, an evaluation was carried out under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures. Based on that ongoing evaluation, including the remedial actions and the material weakness in internal control over financial reporting described below, our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of June 30, 2021.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting.

There has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) during the most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting. As previously reported in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, filed with the SEC on March 4, 2021, we identified a material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting that existed as of December 31, 2020. A “material weakness” is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement in our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. We previously reported the following material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting that existed as of December 31, 2020, which has not been remediated as of June 30, 2021:

The control activities related to our income tax provision did not operate with a level of precision that would identify a material misstatement (the “Tax Weakness”).

We have initiated and implemented measures designed to improve our internal controls processes and procedures related to income tax accounting. As a result of these efforts, we believe we are making progress toward remediating the underlying causes of the material weakness. Specifically, we hired additional resources and are in the process of developing and implementing enhanced policies, procedures and controls relating to income tax account reconciliations and analysis, including enhancing our documentation to reflect the control attributes that are performed and enhancing the precision of the control.

However, effectiveness will need to be successfully tested over several quarters before we can conclude that the Tax Weakness has been remediated. There can be no assurance that we will be successful in making these improvements and in remediating our current material weakness in a timely manner, or at all, and we may not prevent future material weaknesses from occurring.
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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.    Legal Proceedings.

In the ordinary course of our business, we are subject to claims and administrative proceedings, none of which we believe are material or would be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a material adverse effect on our financial condition, cash flows or results of operations. The outcome of claims, lawsuits and legal proceedings brought against us, however, is subject to significant uncertainties. Refer to Note 7 to our financial statements included in “Item 1. Financial Statements” of this Form 10-Q for a more detailed description of such proceedings and contingencies.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.

As of June 30, 2021, there have been no material changes from the risk factors previously disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, filed with the SEC on March 4, 2021, which is accessible on the SEC's website at www.sec.gov.
Item 2.    Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
(a) Unregistered Sale of Securities
None.

(b) Use of Proceeds
None.
(c) Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
None.
Item 3.    Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

None.
Item 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures.

Not applicable.
Item 5.    Other Information.

None.
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Item 6.    Exhibits.

The following exhibits are filed as part of this Form 10-Q:

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SIGNATURES

    Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
  Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V.
    
Date:August 4, 2021By: /s/ Bruce D. Wardinski
   Bruce D. Wardinski
   Chairman and Chief Executive Officer
   (Principal Executive Officer)

    Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed by the undersigned, in his capacity as the principal financial officer of the registrant.
  Playa Hotels & Resorts N.V.
    
Date:August 4, 2021By: /s/ Ryan Hymel
   Ryan Hymel
Chief Financial Officer
   (Principal Financial Officer)