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Wells Fargo Commercial Mortgage Trust 2017-RC1

Filed: 13 Mar 17, 8:00pm

Exhibit 99.6

 

 

EXECUTION VERSION

 

CREDIT SUISSE COMMERCIAL MORTGAGE SECURITIES CORP.,
as Depositor

 

WELLS FARGO BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,
as Master Servicer

 

RIALTO CAPITAL ADVISORS, LLC,
as Special Servicer

 

WELLS FARGO BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,
as Certificate Administrator

 

WILMINGTON TRUST, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,
as Trustee

 

and

 

PARK BRIDGE LENDER SERVICES LLC,
as Operating Advisor and Asset Representations Reviewer

 

POOLING AND SERVICING AGREEMENT

 

Dated as of

 

November 1, 2016

 

CSAIL 2016-C7 Commercial Mortgage Trust,
Commercial Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates

 

Series 2016-C7

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Page
Article I

DEFINITIONS
Section 1.01          Defined Terms 5
Section 1.02          Certain Calculations 114
Article II

CONVEYANCE OF MORTGAGE LOANS; ORIGINAL ISSUANCE OF CERTIFICATES
Section 2.01          Conveyance of Mortgage Loans 115
Section 2.02          Acceptance by Trustee 120
Section 2.03          Representations, Warranties and Covenants of the Depositor; Mortgage Loan Sellers’ Repurchase or Substitution of Mortgage Loans for Defects in Mortgage Files and Breaches of Representations and Warranties 125
Section 2.04        �� Execution of Certificates; Issuance of Lower-Tier Regular Interests 141
Article III

ADMINISTRATION AND SERVICING OF THE TRUST FUND
Section 3.01          The Master Servicer to Act as Master Servicer; Special Servicer to Act as Special Servicer; Administration of the Mortgage Loans, the Serviced Companion Loans and REO Properties 141
Section 3.02          Collection of Mortgage Loan Payments 149
Section 3.03          Collection of Taxes, Assessments and Similar Items; Servicing Accounts 153
Section 3.04          The Collection Account, the Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account, the Upper-Tier REMIC Distribution Account, the Companion Distribution Account, the Interest Reserve Account and the Gain-on-Sale Reserve Account 158
Section 3.05          Permitted Withdrawals from the Collection Account, the Distribution Accounts and the Companion Distribution Account 164
Section 3.06          Investment of Funds in the Collection Account and the REO Account 174
Section 3.07          Maintenance of Insurance Policies; Errors and Omissions and Fidelity Coverage 176
Section 3.08          Enforcement of Due-on-Sale Clauses; Assumption Agreements 181
Section 3.09          Realization Upon Defaulted Loans and Companion Loans 186

 

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Section 3.10          Trustee and Custodian to Cooperate; Release of Mortgage Files 189
Section 3.11          Servicing Compensation 191
Section 3.12          Inspections; Collection of Financial Statements 197
Section 3.13          Access to Certain Information 201
Section 3.14          Title to REO Property; REO Account 215
Section 3.15          Management of REO Property 216
Section 3.16          Sale of Defaulted Loans and REO Properties 219
Section 3.17          Additional Obligations of Master Servicer and Special Servicer 225
Section 3.18          Modifications, Waivers, Amendments and Consents 228
Section 3.19          Transfer of Servicing Between Master Servicer and Special Servicer; Recordkeeping; Asset Status Report 235
Section 3.20          Sub-Servicing Agreements 242
Section 3.21          Interest Reserve Account 245
Section 3.22          Directing Certificateholder and Operating Advisor Contact with Master Servicer and Special Servicer 246
Section 3.23          Controlling Class Certificateholders and Directing Certificateholder; Certain Rights and Powers of Directing Certificateholder 246
Section 3.24          Intercreditor Agreements 250
Section 3.25          Rating Agency Confirmation 253
Section 3.26          The Operating Advisor 255
Section 3.27          Companion Paying Agent 262
Section 3.28          Companion Register 263
Section 3.29          Certain Matters Relating to the Non-Serviced Mortgage Loans 263
Section 3.30          [Reserved] 264
Section 3.31          [Reserved] 264
Section 3.32          Litigation Control 264
Section 3.33          Delivery of Excluded Information to the Certificate Administrator 268
Article IV

distributions TO CERTIFICATEHOLDERS
Section 4.01          Distributions 269
Section 4.02          Distribution Date Statement; CREFC® Investor Reporting Packages; Grant of Power of Attorney 278
Section 4.03          P&I Advances 284
Section 4.04          Allocation of Realized Losses 286
Section 4.05          Appraisal Reduction Amounts; Collateral Deficiency Amounts 287
Section 4.06          [Reserved] 292
Section 4.07          Investor Q&A Forum; Investor Registry; and Rating Agency Q&A Forum and Document Request Tool 292
Section 4.08          Secure Data Room 295

 

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Article V

THE CERTIFICATES
Section 5.01          The Certificates 296
Section 5.02          Form and Registration 297
Section 5.03          Registration of Transfer and Exchange of Certificates 299
Section 5.04          Mutilated, Destroyed, Lost or Stolen Certificates 306
Section 5.05          Persons Deemed Owners 307
Section 5.06          Access to List of Certificateholders’ Names and Addresses; Special Notices 307
Section 5.07          Maintenance of Office or Agency 308
Section 5.08          Appointment of Certificate Administrator 308
Section 5.09          [Reserved] 309
Section 5.10          Voting Procedures 309
Article VI

THE DEPOSITOR, THE MASTER SERVICER, THE SPECIAL SERVICER, the Operating Advisor, the asset representations reviewer AND THE DIRECTING CERTIFICATEHOLDER
Section 6.01          Representations, Warranties and Covenants of the Master Servicer, Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor and the Asset Representations Reviewer 310
Section 6.02          Liability of the Depositor, the Master Servicer, the Operating Advisor and the Special Servicer 316
Section 6.03          Merger, Consolidation or Conversion of the Depositor, the Master Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Special Servicer or the Asset Representations Reviewer 316
Section 6.04          Limitation on Liability of the Depositor, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Asset Representations Reviewer and Others 318
Section 6.05          Depositor, Master Servicer and Special Servicer Not to Resign 323
Section 6.06          Rights of the Depositor in Respect of the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer 324
Section 6.07          The Master Servicer and the Special Servicer as Certificate Owner 324
Section 6.08          The Directing Certificateholder 324
Section 6.09          Knowledge of Wells Fargo Bank, National Association 330
Article VII

SERVICER TERMINATION EVENTS
Section 7.01          Servicer Termination Events; Master Servicer and Special Servicer Termination 330

 

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Section 7.02          Trustee to Act; Appointment of Successor 338
Section 7.03          Notification to Certificateholders 340
Section 7.04          Waiver of Servicer Termination Events 340
Section 7.05          Trustee as Maker of Advances 341
Article VIII

CONCERNING THE TRUSTEE AND THE CERTIFICATE ADMINISTRATOR
Section 8.01          Duties of the Trustee and the Certificate Administrator 341
Section 8.02          Certain Matters Affecting the Trustee and the Certificate Administrator 343
Section 8.03          Trustee and Certificate Administrator Not Liable for Validity or Sufficiency of Certificates or Mortgage Loans 345
Section 8.04          Trustee or Certificate Administrator May Own Certificates 345
Section 8.05          Fees and Expenses of Trustee and Certificate Administrator; Indemnification of Trustee and Certificate Administrator 346
Section 8.06          Eligibility Requirements for Trustee and Certificate Administrator 347
Section 8.07          Resignation and Removal of the Trustee and Certificate Administrator 348
Section 8.08          Successor Trustee or Certificate Administrator 350
Section 8.09          Merger or Consolidation of Trustee or Certificate Administrator 351
Section 8.10          Appointment of Co-Trustee or Separate Trustee 351
Section 8.11          Appointment of Custodians 352
Section 8.12          Representations and Warranties of the Trustee 353
Section 8.13          Provision of Information to Certificate Administrator, Master Servicer and Special Servicer 354
Section 8.14          Representations and Warranties of the Certificate Administrator 354
Section 8.15          Compliance with the PATRIOT Act 355
Article IX

TERMINATION
Section 9.01          Termination upon Repurchase or Liquidation of All Mortgage Loans 356
Section 9.02          Additional Termination Requirements 359
Article X

ADDITIONAL REMIC PROVISIONS
Section 10.01        REMIC Administration 360
Section 10.02        Use of Agents 364
Section 10.03        Depositor, Master Servicer and Special Servicer to Cooperate with Certificate Administrator 364
Section 10.04        Appointment of REMIC Administrators 364

 

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Article XI

EXCHANGE ACT REPORTING AND REGULATION AB COMPLIANCE
Section 11.01          Intent of the Parties; Reasonableness 365
Section 11.02          Succession; Subcontractors 366
Section 11.03          Filing Obligations 368
Section 11.04          Form 10-D Filings 369
Section 11.05          Form 10-K Filings 371
Section 11.06          Sarbanes-Oxley Certification 374
Section 11.07          Form 8-K Filings 375
Section 11.08          Form 15 Filing 377
Section 11.09          Annual Compliance Statements 377
Section 11.10          Annual Reports on Assessment of Compliance with Servicing Criteria 378
Section 11.11          Annual Independent Public Accountants’ Attestation Report 381
Section 11.12          Significant Obligors 382
Section 11.13          Indemnification 383
Section 11.14          Amendments 386
Section 11.15          Regulation AB Notices 386
Section 11.16          Certain Matters Relating to the Future Securitization of the Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loans 386
Article XII

the asset representations reviewer
Section 12.01          Asset Review 391
Section 12.02          Payment of Asset Representations Reviewer Fees and Expenses; Limitation of Liability 397
Section 12.03          Resignation of the Asset Representations Reviewer 398
Section 12.04          Restrictions of the Asset Representations Reviewer 398
Section 12.05          Termination of the Asset Representations Reviewer 399
Article XIII

MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
Section 13.01          Amendment 402
Section 13.02          Recordation of Agreement; Counterparts 406
Section 13.03          Limitation on Rights of Certificateholders 407
Section 13.04          Governing Law; Submission to Jurisdiction; Waiver of Jury Trial 407
Section 13.05          Notices 408
Section 13.06          Severability of Provisions 413
Section 13.07          Grant of a Security Interest 413
Section 13.08          Successors and Assigns; Third Party Beneficiaries 414
Section 13.09          Article and Section Headings 415

 

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Section 13.10          Notices to the Rating Agencies 415

 

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EXHIBITS

 

Exhibit A-1Form of Class A-1 Certificate
Exhibit A-2Form of Class A-2 Certificate
Exhibit A-3Form of Class A-3 Certificate
Exhibit A-4Form of Class A-4 Certificate
Exhibit A-5Form of Class A-5 Certificate
Exhibit A-6Form of Class A-SB Certificate
Exhibit A-7Form of Class X-A Certificate
Exhibit A-8Form of Class X-B Certificate
Exhibit A-9Form of Class X-E Certificate
Exhibit A-10Form of Class X-F Certificate
Exhibit A-11Form of Class X-NR Certificate
Exhibit A-12Form of Class A-S Certificate
Exhibit A-13Form of Class B Certificate
Exhibit A-14Form of Class C Certificate
Exhibit A-15Form of Class D Certificate
Exhibit A-16Form of Class E Certificate
Exhibit A-17Form of Class F Certificate
Exhibit A-18Form of Class NR Certificate
Exhibit A-19Form of Class R Certificate
Exhibit BMortgage Loan Schedule
Exhibit CForm of Investment Representation Letter
Exhibit D-1Form of Transferee Affidavit
Exhibit D-2Form of Transferor Letter
Exhibit EForm of Request for Release
Exhibit F-1Form of ERISA Representation Letter regarding ERISA Restricted Certificates
Exhibit F-2Form of ERISA Representation Letter regarding Class R Certificates
Exhibit GForm of Distribution Date Statement
Exhibit HForm of Omnibus Assignment
Exhibit IForm of Transfer Certificate for Rule 144A Book-Entry Certificate to Temporary Regulation S Book-Entry Certificate during Restricted Period
Exhibit JForm of Transfer Certificate for Rule 144A Book-Entry Certificate to Regulation S Book-Entry Certificate after Restricted Period
Exhibit KForm of Transfer Certificate for Temporary Regulation S Book-Entry Certificate to Rule 144A Book-Entry Certificate during Restricted Period
Exhibit LForm of Transfer Certificate for Temporary Regulation S Book-Entry Certificate to Regulation S Book-Entry Certificate after Restricted Period
Exhibit MForm of Transfer Certificate for Non-Book Entry Certificate to Temporary Regulation S Book-Entry Certificate
Exhibit NForm of Transfer Certificate for Non-Book Entry Certificate to Regulation S Book-Entry Certificate
Exhibit OForm of Transfer Certificate for Non-Book Entry Certificate to Rule 144A Book-Entry Certificate

 

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Exhibit P-1AForm of Investor Certification for Non-Borrower Party (for Persons other than the Directing Certificateholder and/or a Controlling Class Certificateholder)
Exhibit P-1BForm of Investor Certification for Non-Borrower Party (for the Directing Certificateholder and/or a Controlling Class Certificateholder)
Exhibit P-1CForm of Investor Certification for Borrower Party (for Persons other than the Directing Certificateholder and/or a Controlling Class Certificateholder)
Exhibit P-1DForm of Investor Certification for Borrower Party (for the Directing Certificateholder and/or a Controlling Class Certificateholder)
Exhibit P-1EForm of Notice of Excluded Controlling Class Holder
Exhibit P-1FForm of Notice of Excluded Controlling Class Holder to Certificate Administrator
Exhibit P-1GForm of Certification of Directing Certificateholder
Exhibit P-2Form of Certification for NRSROs
Exhibit P-3Online Market Data Provider Certification
Exhibit QCustodian Certification/Exception Report
Exhibit R-1Form of Power of Attorney – Master Servicer
Exhibit R-2Form of Power of Attorney – Special Servicer
Exhibit SInitial Companion Holders
Exhibit TForm of Notice Relating to the Non-Serviced Mortgage Loans
Exhibit UForm of Notice and Certification Regarding Defeasance of Mortgage Loan
Exhibit VForm of Operating Advisor Annual Report
Exhibit WForm of Notice from Operating Advisor Recommending Replacement of Special Servicer
Exhibit XForm of Confidentiality Agreement
Exhibit YForm Certification to be Provided with Form 10-K
Exhibit Z-1Form of Certification to be Provided to Depositor by Certificate Administrator
Exhibit Z-2Form of Certification to be Provided to Depositor by Master Servicer
Exhibit Z-3Form of Certification to be Provided to Depositor by Special Servicer
Exhibit Z-4Form of Certification to be Provided to Depositor by Trustee
Exhibit Z-5Form of Certification to be Provided to Depositor by Operating Advisor
Exhibit Z-6Form of Certification to be Provided to Depositor by Custodian
Exhibit Z-7Form of Certification to be Provided to Depositor by Asset Representations Reviewer
Exhibit AAServicing Criteria to be Addressed in Assessment of Compliance
Exhibit BBAdditional Form 10-D Disclosure
Exhibit CCAdditional Form 10-K Disclosure
Exhibit DDForm 8-K Disclosure Information
Exhibit EEAdditional Disclosure Notification
Exhibit FFInitial Sub-Servicers
Exhibit GGServicing Function Participants
Exhibit HHForm of Annual Compliance Statement
Exhibit IIForm of Report on Assessment of Compliance with Servicing Criteria
Exhibit JJCREFC® Payment Information

 

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Exhibit KKForm of Notice of Additional Indebtedness Notification
Exhibit LL[Reserved]
Exhibit MMAdditional Disclosure Notification (Accounts)
Exhibit NNForm of Notice of Purchase of Controlling Class Certificate
Exhibit OOForm of Asset Review Report
Exhibit PPForm of Asset Review Report Summary
Exhibit QQForm of Asset Review Procedures
Exhibit RRForm of Certification to Certificate Administrator Requesting Access to Secure Data Room
Exhibit SSForm of Notice of [Additional Delinquent Loan][Cessation of Delinquent Loan][Cessation of Asset Review Trigger]
  
SCHEDULES
  
Schedule 1Mortgage Loans With Additional Debt
Schedule 2Class A-SB Planned Principal Balance Schedule
Schedule 3Mortgage Loans With “Performance”, “Earn-Out” or “Holdback” Escrows or Reserves exceeding 10% of the Initial Principal Balance
Schedule 4Mortgage Loans Subject to Loan Seller Defeasance Rights and Obligations

 

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This Pooling and Servicing Agreement is dated and effective as of November 1, 2016, among Credit Suisse Commercial Mortgage Securities Corp., as Depositor, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as Master Servicer, Rialto Capital Advisors, LLC, as Special Servicer, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as Certificate Administrator, Wilmington Trust, National Association, as Trustee, and Park Bridge Lender Services LLC, as Operating Advisor and Asset Representations Reviewer.

 

PRELIMINARY STATEMENT:

 

The Depositor intends to sell commercial mortgage pass-through certificates (collectively, the “Certificates”), to be issued hereunder in multiple classes (each, a “Class”), which in the aggregate will evidence the entire beneficial ownership interest in the Trust to be created hereunder, the primary assets of which will be a pool of commercial mortgage loans. As provided herein, the Certificate Administrator shall elect or shall cause an election to be made to treat designated portions of the Trust for federal income tax purposes as two separate real estate mortgage investment conduits (the “Upper-Tier REMIC” and the “Lower-Tier REMIC”, and each a “Trust REMIC” as described herein).

 

The Depositor intends to sell the Certificates to the Underwriter and the Initial Purchaser.

 

LOWER-TIER REMIC

 

The Lower-Tier REMIC will hold the Mortgage Loans and will issue the Class LA-1, Class LA-2, Class LA-3, Class LA-4, Class LA-5, Class LA-SB, Class LA-S, Class LB, Class LC, Class LD, Class LE, Class LF and Class LNR Uncertificated Interests (the “Lower-Tier Regular Interests”), which will evidence the “regular interests” in the Lower-Tier REMIC created hereunder. The Lower-Tier REMIC will also issue the uncertificated Class LR Interest, which is the sole Class of “residual interest” in the Lower-Tier REMIC and is represented by the Class R Certificates.

 

 

 

The following table sets forth the Original Lower-Tier Principal Amounts andper annum rates of interest for the Lower-Tier Regular Interests and the Class LR Interest:

 

Class Designation Interest Rate
or Pass-
Through Rate
 Original Lower-Tier
Principal Amount
Class LA-1 (1)  $40,491,000 
Class LA-2 (1)  $5,938,000 
Class LA-3 (1)  $15,900,000 
Class LA-4 (1)  $163,000,000 
Class LA-5 (1)  $246,354,000 
Class LA-SB (1)  $65,656,000 
Class LA-S (1)  $52,774,000 
Class LB (1)  $29,746,000 
Class LC (1)  $37,422,000 
Class LD (1)  $45,098,000 
Class LE (1)  $23,029,000 
Class LF (1)  $9,595,000 
Class LNR (1)  $32,624,581 
Class LR None(2)   None 

 

 

(1)The interest rate for such Class of Lower-Tier Regular Interests on any Distribution Date will be the Weighted Average Net Mortgage Rate for such Distribution Date.

 

(2)The Class LR Interest (evidenced by the Class R Certificates) will not have a Certificate Balance or Notional Amount, will not bear interest and will not be entitled to distributions of Yield Maintenance Charges. Any Available Funds remaining in the Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account after distributing the Lower-Tier Distribution Amount will be deemed distributed to the Class LR Interest and shall be payable to the Holders of the Class R Certificates.

 

UPPER-TIER REMIC

 

The Upper-Tier REMIC will hold the Lower-Tier Regular Interests and will issue the Class A-1, Class A-2, Class A-3, Class A-4, Class A-5, Class A-SB, Class A-S, Class X-A, Class X-B, Class X-E, Class X-F, Class X-NR, Class B, Class C, Class D, Class E, Class F and Class NR Certificates, each of which represents a “regular interest” in the Upper-Tier REMIC created hereunder. The Upper-Tier REMIC also will issue the uncertificated Class UR Interest, which is the sole Class of “residual interest” in the Upper-Tier REMIC for purposes of the REMIC Provisions and is represented by the Class R Certificates.

 

THE CERTIFICATES

 

The following table (and related paragraphs) sets forth the designation, the pass-through rate (the “Pass-Through Rate”) and the aggregate initial principal amount (the “Original Certificate Balance”) or Notional Amount (the “Original Notional Amount”), as applicable, for each Class of Certificates:

 

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Corresponding Certificates Initial Pass-
Through Rate
 Original
Certificate
Balance or
Notional Amount
Class A-1 Certificates 1.5786%  $40,491,000 
Class A-2 Certificates 2.8289%  $5,938,000 
Class A-3 Certificates 2.6082%  $15,900,000 
Class A-4 Certificates 3.2100%  $163,000,000 
Class A-5 Certificates 3.5020%  $246,354,000 
Class A-SB Certificates 3.3143%  $65,656,000 
Class X-A Certificates 1.1156%(1)  $ 590,113,000(2)
Class X-B Certificates 0.0500%(1)  $29,746,000(2)
Class X-E Certificates 1.2020%(1)  $ 23,029,000(2)
Class X-F Certificates 1.2020%(1)  $ 9,595,000(2)
Class X-NR Certificates 1.2020%(1)  $ 32,624,581(2)
Class A-S Certificates 3.9579%  $52,774,000 
Class B Certificates 4.3440%  $29,746,000 
Class C Certificates 4.3940%  $37,422,000 
Class D Certificates 4.3940%  $45,098,000 
Class E Certificates 3.1920%  $23,029,000 
Class F Certificates 3.1920%  $9,595,000 
Class NR Certificates 3.1920%  $32,624,581 
Class R Certificates None(3)   N/A 

 

 

(1)The Pass-Through Rate for the Class X-A Certificates will be calculated in accordance with the definition of “Class X-A Pass-Through Rate”. The Pass-Through Rate for the Class X-B Certificates will be calculated in accordance with the definition of “Class X-B Pass-Through Rate”. The Pass-Through Rate for the Class X-E Certificates will be calculated in accordance with the definition of “Class X-E Pass-Through Rate”. The Pass-Through Rate for the Class X-F Certificates will be calculated in accordance with the definition of “Class X-F Pass-Through Rate”. The Pass-Through Rate for the Class X-NR Certificates will be calculated in accordance with the definition of “Class X-NR Pass-Through Rate”.

 

(2)None of the Class X-A, Class X-B, Class X-E, Class X-F or Class X-NR Certificates will have a Certificate Balance; rather, each such Class of Certificates will accrue interest as provided herein on its related Notional Amount.

 

(3)The Class R Certificates will not have a Certificate Balance or a Notional Amount, bear interest or be entitled to distributions of Yield Maintenance Charges. Any Available Funds remaining in the Upper-Tier REMIC Distribution Account (after all required distributions under this Agreement have been made to each Class of Regular Certificates will be deemed distributed to the Class UR Interest and shall be payable to the Holders of the Class R Certificates.)

 

As of the close of business on the Cut-off Date, the Mortgage Loans had an aggregate principal balance, after application of all payments of principal due on or before such date, whether or not received, equal to $767,627,582.

 

The Coconut Point Companion Loans, the 9 West 57th Street Companion Loans, the 9 West 57th Street Subordinate Companion Loans, the Peachtree Mall Companion Loans, the Gurnee Mills Companion Loans, the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Companion Loans and the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Subordinate Companion Loans (each a “Companion Loan” and

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collectively, the “Companion Loans”) are not part of the Trust Fund, but are each secured by the applicable Mortgage that secures the related Mortgage Loan that is part of the Trust Fund. As and to the extent provided herein, any Companion Loan (other than any Non-Serviced Companion Loan) will be serviced and administered in accordance with this Agreement. Amounts attributable to any Companion Loan will not be part of the Trust Fund, and (except to the extent that such amounts are payable or reimbursable to any party to this Agreement) will be owned by the related Companion Loan Holders.

 

The Coconut Point Whole Loan consists of the Coconut Point Mortgage Loan and the Coconut Point Companion Loans. The Coconut Point Mortgage Loan and the Coconut Point Companion Loans arepari passu with each other. The Coconut Point Mortgage Loan is part of the Trust Fund. The Coconut Point Companion Loans are not part of the Trust Fund. The Coconut Point Mortgage Loan and the Coconut Point Companion Loans will be serviced and administered in accordance with this Agreement and the Coconut Point Co-Lender Agreement.

 

The Gurnee Mills Whole Loan consists of the Gurnee Mills Mortgage Loan and the Gurnee Mills Companion Loans. The Gurnee Mills Mortgage Loan and the Gurnee Mills Companion Loans arepari passu with each other. The Gurnee Mills Mortgage Loan is part of the Trust Fund. The Gurnee Mills Companion Loans are not part of the Trust Fund. The Gurnee Mills Mortgage Loan and the Gurnee Mills Companion Loans will be serviced and administered in accordance with this Agreement and the Gurnee Mills Co-Lender Agreement.

 

The 9 West 57th Street Whole Loan consists of the 9 West 57th Street Mortgage Loan, the 9 West 57th Street Companion Loans and the 9 West 57th Street Subordinate Companion Loans. The 9 West 57th Street Mortgage Loan and the 9 West 57th Street Companion Loans arepari passu with each other. The 9 West 57th Street Subordinate Companion Loans are subordinate to the 9 West 57th Street Mortgage Loan. The 9 West 57th Street Companion Loans and the 9 West 57th Street Subordinate Companion Loans are not part of the Trust Fund. The 9 West 57th Street Mortgage Loan, the 9 West 57th Street Companion Loans and the 9 West 57th Street Subordinate Companion Loans will be serviced and administered in accordance with the JPMCC 2016-NINE Trust and Servicing Agreement and the 9 West 57th Street Co-Lender Agreement.

 

The Peachtree Mall Whole Loan consists of the Peachtree Mall Mortgage Loan and the Peachtree Mall Companion Loans. The Peachtree Mall Mortgage Loan and the Peachtree Mall Companion Loans arepari passu with each other. The Peachtree Mall Mortgage Loan is part of the Trust Fund. The Peachtree Mall Companion Loans are not part of the Trust Fund. The Peachtree Mall Mortgage Loan and the Peachtree Mall Companion Loans will be serviced and administered in accordance with this Agreement and the Peachtree Mall Co-Lender Agreement.

 

The GLP Industrial Portfolio B Whole Loan consists of the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Mortgage Loan, the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Companion Loans and the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Subordinate Companion Loans. The GLP Industrial Portfolio B Mortgage Loan and the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Companion Loans arepari passu with each other. The GLP Industrial Portfolio B Subordinate Companion Loans are subordinate to the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Mortgage Loan. The GLP Industrial Portfolio B Companion Loans and the GLP

 

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Industrial Portfolio B Subordinate Companion Loans are not part of the Trust Fund. The GLP Industrial Portfolio B Mortgage Loan, the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Companion Loans and the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Subordinate Companion Loans will be serviced and administered in accordance with the CSMC 2015-GLPB Trust and Servicing Agreement and the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Co-Lender Agreement.

 

In consideration of the mutual agreements herein contained, the parties hereto agree as follows:

 

Article I

DEFINITIONS

 

Section 1.01          Defined Terms.Whenever used in this Agreement, including in the Preliminary Statement, the following capitalized terms, unless the context otherwise requires, shall have the meanings specified in this Article.

 

9 West 57th Street Co-Lender Agreement”: That certain Co-Lender Agreement, dated as of September 26, 2016, by and between the holders of the 9 West 57th Street Companion Loans, the holders of the 9 West 57th Street Subordinate Companion Loan and the holder of the 9 West 57th Street Mortgage Loan, relating to the relative rights of such holders of the 9 West 57th Street Whole Loan.

 

9 West 57th Street Mortgage Loan”: With respect to the 9 West 57th Street Whole Loan, the Mortgage Loan that is included in the Trust (identified as Mortgage Loan No. 3 on the Mortgage Loan Schedule), which is designated as promissory note A-3-B, and ispari passu in right of payment with the 9 West 57th Street Companion Loans and senior in right of payment to the 9 West 57th Street Subordinate Companion Loan, to the extent set forth in the 9 West 57th Street Co-Lender Agreement.

 

9 West 57th Street Mortgaged Property”: Collectively, the Mortgaged Properties that secure the 9 West 57th Street Whole Loan.

 

9 West 57th Street Companion Loans”: With respect to the 9 West 57th Street Whole Loan, the Companion Loans evidenced by the related promissory notes A-1, A-2, A-3-A, A-4, A-5 and B-1 made by the related Mortgagor and secured by the Mortgages on the 9 West 57th Street Mortgaged Property, which are not included in the Trust and which are eachpari passu in right of payment with the 9 West 57th Street Mortgage Loan to the extent set forth in the 9 West 57th Street Co-Lender Agreement.

 

9 West 57th Street Subordinate Companion Loan”: With respect to the 9 West 57th Street Whole Loan, the Companion Loans evidenced by the related promissory note B-1 made by the related Mortgagor and secured by the Mortgages on the 9 West 57th Street Mortgaged Property, which are not included in the Trust and which are subordinate in right of payment to the 9 West 57th Street Mortgage Loan to the extent set forth in the 9 West 57th Street Co-Lender Agreement.

 

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9 West 57th Street Whole Loan”: The 9 West 57th Street Mortgage Loan, together with the 9 West 57th Street Companion Loans and the 9 West 57th Street Subordinate Companion Loan, each of which is secured by the same Mortgages on the 9 West 57th Street Mortgaged Property. References herein to the 9 West 57th Street Whole Loan shall be construed to refer to the aggregate indebtedness under the 9 West 57th Street Mortgage Loan, the 9 West 57th Street Companion Loans and the 9 West 57th Street Subordinate Companion Loan.

 

10-K Filing Deadline”: As defined inSection 11.05(a).

 

15Ga-1 Notice”: As defined inSection 2.02(g).

 

17g-5 Information Provider”: The Certificate Administrator.

 

17g-5 Information Provider’s Website”: The 17g-5 Information Provider’s Internet website, which shall initially be located within the Certificate Administrator’s Website (initially www.ctslink.com), under the “NRSRO” tab on the page relating to this transaction.

 

30/360 Mortgage Loans”: The Mortgage Loans indicated as such in the Mortgage Loan Schedule.

 

AB Control Appraisal Period”: With respect to any AB Subordinate Companion Loan relating to a Serviced AB Whole Loan, the period during which (a)(i) the initial principal balance of the related AB Subordinate Companion Loan minus (ii) the sum of (x) any payments of principal allocated to, and received on, the related AB Subordinate Companion Loan, (y) any Appraisal Reduction Amounts for a Serviced AB Whole Loan that are allocated to the related AB Subordinate Companion Loan and (z) any losses realized with respect to the related Mortgaged Property or Serviced AB Whole Loan that are allocated to the related AB Subordinate Companion Loan, is less than (b) 25% of the remainder of the (i) initial principal balance of the related AB Subordinate Companion Loan less (ii) any payments of principal allocated to, and received by, the holders of the related AB Subordinate Companion Loan.

 

AB Intercreditor Agreement”: Any Intercreditor Agreement by and among the holder of an AB Subordinate Companion Loan and the holder of the related Mortgage Loan, relating to the relative rights of such holders of the related AB Whole Loan, as the same may be further amended in accordance with the terms thereof. For the avoidance of doubt, the 9 West 57th Street Intercreditor Agreement and the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Intercreditor Agreement are the only AB Intercreditor Agreements related to the Trust.

 

AB Modified Loan”: Any Corrected Loan (1) that became a Corrected Loan (which includes for purposes of this definition any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan that became a “corrected loan” (or any term substantially similar thereto) pursuant to the related Non-Serviced PSA) due to a modification thereto that resulted in the creation of an A/B note structure (or similar structure) and as to which the new junior note(s) did not previously exist or the principal amount of the new junior note(s) was previously part of either an A note held by the Trust or the original unmodified Mortgage Loan and (2) as to which an Appraisal Reduction Amount is not in effect.

 

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AB Mortgage Loan”: A senior “A note” that is part of an AB Whole Loan and which is a Mortgage Loan that is part of the Trust Fund. For the avoidance of doubt, each of 9 West 57th Street Mortgage Loan and the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Mortgage Loan is an AB Mortgage Loan.

 

AB Mortgaged Property”: The Mortgaged Property that secures the related AB Whole Loan.

 

AB Subordinate Companion Loan”: With respect to any AB Whole Loan, the related companion loan evidenced by the related promissory note made by the related Mortgagor and secured by the Mortgage on the related AB Mortgaged Property, which is not included in the Trust and which is subordinate in right of payment to the related AB Mortgage Loan to the extent set forth in the related Mortgage Loan documents and as provided in the related Intercreditor Agreement. For the avoidance of doubt, each of the 9 West 57th Street Subordinate Companion Loans and the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Subordinate Companion Loans is an AB Subordinate Companion Loan.

 

AB Whole Loan”: A Whole Loan that includes such Mortgage Loan and one or more related AB Subordinate Companion Loans. For the avoidance of doubt, each of the 9 West 57th Street Whole Loan and the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Whole Loan is an AB Whole Loan.

 

Accelerated Mezzanine Loan Lender”: A mezzanine lender under a mezzanine loan that has been accelerated or as to which foreclosure or enforcement proceedings have been commenced against the equity collateral pledged to secure such mezzanine loan.

 

Acceptable Insurance Default”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan (other than any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) or Serviced Whole Loan, a default under the related Mortgage Loan documents arising by reason of (i) any failure on the part of the related Mortgagor to maintain with respect to the related Mortgaged Property specific insurance coverage with respect to, or an all-risk casualty insurance policy that does not specifically exclude, terrorist or similar acts, and/or (ii) any failure on the part of the related Mortgagor to maintain with respect to the related Mortgaged Property insurance coverage with respect to damages or casualties caused by terrorist or similar acts upon terms not materially less favorable than those in place as of the Closing Date, in each case as to which default the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer may forbear taking any enforcement action,provided that the Special Servicer has determined, in its reasonable judgment, based on inquiry consistent with the Servicing Standard (unless a Control Termination Event has occurred and is continuing (or other than with respect to any Excluded Loan), with the consent of the Directing Certificateholder, and after a Control Termination Event has occurred, but prior to the occurrence of a Consultation Termination Event (or other than with respect to any Excluded Loan), after consultation with the Directing Certificateholder as provided inSection 6.08 hereof)), that either (a) such insurance is not available at commercially reasonable rates and that such hazards are not at the time commonly insured against for properties similar to the related Mortgaged Property and located in or around the region in which such related Mortgaged Property is located, or (b) such insurance is not available at any rate;provided,however, that the Directing Certificateholder will not have more than thirty (30) days to respond to the Special Servicer’s request for such consent or consultation;provided,further, that upon the Special Servicer’s determination, consistent with

 

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the Servicing Standard, that exigent circumstances do not allow the Special Servicer to consult with the Directing Certificateholder, the Special Servicer is not required to do so. Each of the Master Servicer (at its own expense) and the Special Servicer (at the expense of the Trust Fund) shall be entitled to rely on insurance consultants in making the determinations described above.

 

Act”: The Securities Act of 1933, as it may be amended from time to time.

 

Actual/360 Basis”: Interest accrual on the basis of the actual number of days in a month assuming a 360-day year.

 

Actual/360 Mortgage Loans”: The Mortgage Loans, to the extent indicated as such in the Mortgage Loan Schedule.

 

Additional Debt”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan, any debt owed by the related Mortgagor to a party other than the lender under such Mortgage Loan that is secured by the related Mortgaged Property as of the Closing Date as set forth onSchedule 1hereto, as increased or decreased from time to time pursuant to the terms of the related subordinate orpari passu loan documents (including any Intercreditor Agreement or subordination agreement).

 

Additional Disclosure Notification”: The form of notification to be included with any Additional Form 10-D Disclosure, Additional Form 10-K Disclosure or Form 8-K Disclosure Information which is attached hereto asExhibit EE.

 

Additional Exclusions”: Exclusions in addition to those customarily found in the insurance policies for mortgaged properties similar to the Mortgaged Properties on or prior to September 11, 2001.

 

Additional Form 10-D Disclosure”: As defined inSection 11.04(a).

 

Additional Form 10-K Disclosure”: As defined inSection 11.05(a).

 

Additional Servicer”: Each Affiliate of the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer or any Mortgage Loan Seller that services any of the Mortgage Loans and each Person who is not an Affiliate of the Master Servicer, other than the Special Servicer, who services 10% or more of the Mortgage Loans by unpaid principal balance as of any date of determination pursuant toArticle XI.

 

Administrative Cost Rate”: As of any date of determination and with respect to each Mortgage Loan, aper annum rate equal to the sum of the Servicing Fee Rate, the Certificate Administrator/Trustee Fee Rate (which fee rate accounts for the Trustee fee), the Operating Advisor Fee Rate, the Asset Representations Reviewer Fee Rate and the CREFC® Intellectual Property Royalty License Fee Rate and, in the case of each Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, the related Non-Serviced Primary Servicing Fee Rate.

 

Advance”: Any P&I Advance or Servicing Advance.

 

Adverse REMIC Event”: As defined inSection 10.01(f).

 

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Affected Party”: As defined inSection 7.01(b).

 

Affected Reporting Party”: As defined inSection 11.12.

 

Affiliate”: With respect to any specified Person, any other Person controlling or controlled by or under common control with such specified Person. For the purposes of this definition, “control” when used with respect to any specified Person means the power to direct the management and policies of such Person, directly or indirectly, whether through the ownership of voting securities, by contract or otherwise and the terms “controlling” and “controlled” have meanings correlative to the foregoing.

 

Affirmative Asset Review Vote”: As defined inSection 12.01(a).

 

Agreement”: This Pooling and Servicing Agreement and all amendments hereof and supplements hereto.

 

Applicable Laws”: As defined inSection 8.15.

 

Applicable State and Local Tax Law”: For purposes hereof, the Applicable State and Local Tax Law shall be (a) the tax laws of the State of New York; and (b) such other state or local tax laws whose applicability shall have been brought to the attention of the Trustee and the Certificate Administrator by either (i) an Opinion of Counsel delivered to it, or (ii) written notice from the appropriate taxing authority as to the applicability of such state or local tax laws.

 

Appraisal”: An appraisal prepared by an appraiser who is licensed or certified to prepare appraisals in the state where the Mortgaged Property is located and which satisfies the Interagency Appraisal and Evaluation Guidelines jointly issued by The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC), the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (FRB), the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), and the National Credit Union Administration (NCUA) relating to real estate appraisals and evaluations used to support real estate-related financial transactions, as amended from time to time.

 

Appraisal Reduction Amount”: For any Distribution Date and for any Mortgage Loan (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) or any Serviced Whole Loan as to which any Appraisal Reduction Event has occurred, will be an amount, calculated by the Special Servicer (prior to the occurrence of a Consultation Termination Event, in consultation with the Directing Certificateholder (only with respect to any Mortgage Loan or Whole Loan other than an Excluded Loan), and, after the occurrence and during the continuance of a Control Termination Event, in consultation with the Directing Certificateholder (only with respect to a Mortgage Loan or Whole Loan other than an Excluded Loan) and the Operating Advisor and, after the occurrence and during the continuance of a Consultation Termination Event, in consultation with the Operating Advisor), as of the first Determination Date that is at least ten (10) Business Days following the date on which the Special Servicer receives an Appraisal or conducts a valuation described below, equal to the excess of (a) the Stated Principal Balance of that Mortgage Loan or the Stated Principal Balance of the applicable Serviced Whole Loan, as the case may be, over (b) the excess of (i) the sum of (A) 90% of the Appraised Value of the related Mortgaged Property as determined (1) by one or more Appraisals obtained by the Special Servicer with respect to any Mortgage Loan (together with any other Mortgage Loan cross-collateralized with such Mortgage

 

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Loan) or Serviced Whole Loan, as the case may be, with an outstanding principal balance equal to or in excess of $2,000,000 (the costs of which shall be paid by the Master Servicer as an Advance) or (2) by an internal valuation performed by the Special Servicer with respect to any Mortgage Loan (together with any other Mortgage Loan cross-collateralized with such Mortgage Loan) or Serviced Whole Loan, as the case may be, with an outstanding principal balance less than $2,000,000, minus, with respect to any Appraisals, such downward adjustments as the Special Servicer may make (without implying any obligation to do so) based upon its review of the Appraisal and any other information it deems relevant and (B) all escrows, letters of credit and reserves in respect of such Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan, as applicable, as of the date of calculation over (ii) the sum of, as of the Due Date occurring in the month of the date of determination, (A) to the extent not previously advanced by the Master Servicer or the Trustee, all unpaid interest due on such Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan, as the case may be, at a per annum rate equal to its Mortgage Rate (and, with respect to any AB Whole Loan, including any accrued and unpaid interest on the related AB Subordinate Companion Loan), (B) all P&I Advances on the related Mortgage Loan and all Servicing Advances on the related Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan, as applicable, not reimbursed from proceeds of such Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan, as applicable, and interest thereon at the Reimbursement Rate in respect of such Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan, as applicable, and (C) all currently due and unpaid real estate taxes, assessments, insurance premiums, ground rents, unpaid Special Servicing Fees and all other amounts due and unpaid (including any capitalized interest whether or not then due and payable) with respect to such Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan, as the case may be (which taxes, premiums, ground rents and other amounts have not been the subject of an Advance by the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer or the Trustee, as applicable);provided,however, without limiting the Special Servicer’s obligation to use reasonable efforts to obtain such Appraisal or perform such valuation, if the Special Servicer has not obtained an Appraisal or performed such valuation, as applicable, referred to above within sixty (60) days of the Appraisal Reduction Event (or with respect to the Appraisal Reduction Events set forth in clauses (i) and (vi) of the definition of Appraisal Reduction Event, within one hundred twenty (120) days after the initial delinquency for the related Appraisal Reduction Event), the Appraisal Reduction Amount shall be deemed to be an amount equal to 25% of the current Stated Principal Balance of the related Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan, as applicable, until such time as such appraisal or valuation referred to above is received by the Special Servicer and the Appraisal Reduction Amount is calculated as of the first Determination Date that is at least ten (10) Business Days thereafter. Promptly upon the occurrence of an Appraisal Reduction Event, the Special Servicer shall use reasonable efforts to obtain an Appraisal (the cost of which shall be paid by the Master Servicer as a Servicing Advance);provided,further,however, that with respect to an Appraisal Reduction Event as set forth in clause (i) of the definition of Appraisal Reduction Event, the Special Servicer shall use reasonable efforts to obtain such Appraisal within the one hundred twenty (120) day period set forth in such clause (i), and with respect to an Appraisal Reduction Event as set forth in clause (vi) of the definition of Appraisal Reduction Event, the Special Servicer shall use reasonable efforts to obtain such Appraisal within the one hundred twenty (120) day period set forth in such clause (vi);provided,further,however, that in no event shall the Special Servicer be required to order any such Appraisal within any time frame specified in this sentence. The Appraisal obtained by the Special Servicer, as described above, shall be promptly delivered in electronic format by the Special Servicer to the Master Servicer, the Directing Certificateholder (but only prior to the occurrence of a Consultation Termination

 

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Event), the Certificate Administrator and the Trustee. In connection with any Appraisal Reduction Amount, the Master Servicer shall provide the Special Servicer with the information as set forth inSection 4.05(c) within four (4) Business Days of its receipt of any such request. The Master Servicer will not calculate Appraisal Reduction Amounts.

 

With respect to any Appraisal Reduction Amount calculated for purposes of determining the existence and identity of the Controlling Class pursuant toSection 4.05(a) hereof, the Appraised Value for the related Mortgaged Property determined in connection withclause (b)(i)(A)(1) orclause (b)(i)(A)(2) of the first paragraph of this definition shall be determined on an “as-is” basis.

 

Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the aggregate Appraisal Reduction Amount related to a Mortgage Loan or the related REO Property will be reduced to zero as of the date on which such Mortgage Loan is paid in full, liquidated, repurchased or otherwise removed from the Trust or as otherwise set forth inSection 4.05(d).

 

Any Appraisal Reduction Amount in respect of a Non-Serviced Whole Loan shall be calculated by the applicable party under and in accordance with and pursuant to the terms of the applicable Non-Serviced PSA.

 

Appraisal Reduction Event”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) or Serviced Whole Loan, the earliest of (i) one hundred twenty (120) days after an uncured delinquency (without regard to the application of any Grace Period), other than any uncured delinquency in respect of a Balloon Payment, occurs in respect of such Mortgage Loan or a related Companion Loan, (ii) the date on which a reduction in the amount of Periodic Payments on such Mortgage Loan or a related Companion Loan, as applicable, or a change in any other material economic term of such Mortgage Loan or a related Companion Loan, as applicable, (other than an extension of the Maturity Date), becomes effective as a result of a modification of such Mortgage Loan or a related Companion Loan, as applicable, by the Special Servicer, (iii) thirty (30) days after the date on which a receiver has been appointed for the Mortgaged Property, (iv) thirty (30) days after the date on which a Mortgagor or the tenant at a single tenant property declares bankruptcy (and the bankruptcy petition is not otherwise dismissed within such time), (v) sixty (60) days after the date on which an involuntary petition of bankruptcy is filed with respect to a Mortgagor if not dismissed within such time, (vi) ninety (90) days after an uncured delinquency occurs in respect of a Balloon Payment with respect to such Mortgage Loan or a related Companion Loan, as applicable, except where a refinancing is anticipated within one hundred twenty (120) days after the Maturity Date of the Mortgage Loan or a related Companion Loan, as applicable, in which case one hundred twenty (120) days after such uncured delinquency, and (vii) immediately after such Mortgage Loan or a related Companion Loan, as applicable, becomes an REO Loan;providedthat the thirty (30) day period referenced in clauses (iii) and clause (iv) shall not apply if the related Mortgage Loan is a Specially Serviced Loan;provided,further,however, that an Appraisal Reduction Event shall not occur at any time when the aggregate Certificate Balances of all Classes of Subordinate Certificates have been reduced to zero. The Special Servicer shall notify the Master Servicer, the Directing Certificateholder and the Operating Advisor, or the Master Servicer shall notify the Special Servicer and the Operating Advisor, as applicable, promptly upon such Person having notice or knowledge of the occurrence of any of the foregoing events. The obligation to obtain

 

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an Appraisal following the occurrence of an Appraisal Reduction Event shall be subject to the provisions ofSection 4.05 hereof.

 

Appraisal Review Period”: As defined inSection 4.05(b)(ii).

 

Appraised-Out Class”: As defined inSection 4.05(b)(i).

 

Appraised Value”: With respect to any Mortgaged Property (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgaged Property), the appraised value thereof as determined by the most recent Appraisal of the Mortgaged Property securing the related Mortgage Loan, Serviced Whole Loan or AB Whole Loan, as applicable, and with respect to a Non-Serviced Mortgaged Property, the appraised value allocable thereto, as determined pursuant to the applicable Non-Serviced PSA.

 

Arbitration Rules”: As defined inSection 2.03(n)(i).

 

Asset Representations Reviewer”: Park Bridge Lender Services LLC, and its successors-in-interest.

 

Asset Representations Reviewer Fee”: As defined inSection 12.02(a).

 

Asset Representations Reviewer Fee Rate”: As defined inSection 12.02(a).

 

Asset Representations Reviewer Asset Review Fee”: As defined inSection 12.02(b).

 

Asset Representations Reviewer Termination Event”: As defined inSection 12.05(a).

 

Asset Representations Reviewer Upfront Fee”: As defined inSection 12.02(a).

 

Asset Review”: A review of the compliance of each Delinquent Loan with certain representations and warranties of the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller, in accordance with the Asset Review Standard and the procedures set forth onExhibit QQ hereto.

 

Asset Review Notice”: As defined inSection 12.01(a).

 

Asset Review Quorum”: In connection with any solicitation of votes to authorize an Asset Review as described inSection 12.01(a), the Certificateholders evidencing at least 5% of the aggregate Voting Rights represented by all Certificates.

 

Asset Review Report”: A report setting forth the results of an Asset Review substantially in the form attached hereto asExhibit OO.

 

Asset Review Report Summary”: As defined inSection 12.01(b)(ix), a summary report setting forth the conclusions of an Asset Review Report substantially in the form attached hereto asExhibit PP.

 

Asset Review Standard”: The performance of the Asset Representations Reviewer of its duties under this Agreement in good faith subject to the express terms of this

 

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Agreement. All determinations or assumptions made by the Asset Representations Reviewer in connection with an Asset Review shall be made in the Asset Representations Reviewer’s good faith discretion and judgment based on the facts and circumstances known to it at the time of such determination or assumption.

 

Asset Review Trigger”: Any time that either (1) Mortgage Loans having an aggregate outstanding principal balance of 25.0% or more of the aggregate outstanding principal balance of all of the Mortgage Loans (including any REO Loans) (or a portion of any REO Loan in the case of a Whole Loan) held by the Trust as of the end of the applicable Collection Period are Delinquent Loans or (2) at least 15 Mortgage Loans are Delinquent Loans as of the end of the applicable Collection Period and the outstanding principal balance of such Delinquent Loans in the aggregate constitutes at least 20.0% of the aggregate outstanding principal balance of all of the Mortgage Loans (including any REO Loans) (or a portion of any REO Loan in the case of a Whole Loan) held by the Trust as of the end of the applicable Collection Period.

 

Asset Review Vote Election”: As defined inSection 12.01(a).

 

Asset Status Report”: As defined inSection 3.19(d).

 

Assignment” and “Assignments”: Each as defined inSection 2.01(c).

 

Assignment of Leases”: With respect to any Mortgaged Property, any assignment of leases, rents and profits or similar instrument executed by the Mortgagor, assigning to the mortgagee all of the income, rents and profits derived from the ownership, operation, leasing or disposition of all or a portion of such Mortgaged Property, in the form which was duly executed, acknowledged and delivered, as amended, modified, renewed or extended through the date hereof and from time to time hereafter.

 

Assignment of Mortgage”: An assignment of Mortgage without recourse, notice of transfer or equivalent instrument, in recordable form, which is sufficient under the laws of the jurisdiction in which the related Mortgaged Property is located to reflect of record the sale of the Mortgage, which assignment, notice of transfer or equivalent instrument may be in the form of one or more blanket assignments covering Mortgages encumbering Mortgaged Properties located in the same jurisdiction, if permitted by law and acceptable for recording.

 

Assumed Scheduled Payment”: For any Collection Period and with respect to any Mortgage Loan (including any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) that is delinquent in respect of its Balloon Payment or any REO Mortgage Loan, an amount equal to the sum of (a) the principal portion of the Periodic Payment that would have been due on such Mortgage Loan or REO Mortgage Loan (excluding, for purposes of any P&I Advances, the portion allocable to any related Companion Loan) on the related Due Date based on the constant payment required by the related Mortgage Note or the original amortization schedule of such Mortgage Loan (as calculated with interest at the related Mortgage Rate), if applicable, assuming such Balloon Payment has not become due, after giving effect to any reduction in the principal balance thereof occurring in connection with a modification of such Mortgage Loan in connection with a default or bankruptcy (or similar proceeding), and (b) interest on the Stated Principal Balance of such Mortgage Loan or REO Mortgage Loan (excluding, for purposes of any P&I Advances, the

 

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portion allocable to any related Companion Loan) at the applicable Mortgage Rate (net of interest at the Servicing Fee Rate and the related Non-Serviced Primary Servicing Fee Rate, if applicable).

 

Authenticating Agent”: The Certificate Administrator or any agent of the Certificate Administrator appointed to act as Authenticating Agent pursuant toSection 5.02(a).

 

Available Funds”: With respect to any Distribution Date, an amount equal to the sum of (without duplication):

 

(a)          the aggregate amount of all cash received on the Mortgage Loans (in the case of a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, only to the extent received by the Trust pursuant to the related Non-Serviced PSA and/or the related Non-Serviced Intercreditor Agreement) (including the portion of Loss of Value Payments deposited into the Collection Account pursuant toSection 3.05(g) of this Agreement) and any REO Property (including Compensating Interest Payments with respect to the Mortgage Loans required to be deposited by the Master Servicer pursuant toSection 3.17(a)) on deposit in the Collection Account (in each case, exclusive of any amount on deposit in or credited to any portion of the Collection Account that is held for the benefit of the Companion Holders) as of the related P&I Advance Date, exclusive of (without duplication):

 

(i)          all Periodic Payments paid by the Mortgagors of a Mortgage Loan that are due on a Due Date following the end of the related Collection Period, excluding interest relating to payments prior to, but due after, the Cut-off Date;

 

(ii)         all unscheduled Principal Prepayments (together with any related payments of interest allocable to the period following the related Due Date for the related Mortgage Loan), Liquidation Proceeds, Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds and other unscheduled recoveries, in each case, received subsequent to the related Determination Date (or, with respect to voluntary Principal Prepayments for each Mortgage Loan with a Due Date occurring after the related Determination Date, subsequent to the related Due Date and, in the case of a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, other than the monthly remittance thereon) allocable to the Mortgage Loans;

 

(iii)        (A) all amounts payable or reimbursable to any Person from the Collection Account pursuant toclauses (ii)through(xix), inclusive, and(xxii) ofSection 3.05(a); (B) all amounts payable or reimbursable to any Person from the Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account pursuant toclauses (ii) through(vii), inclusive, ofSection 3.05(b); and (C) any Net Investment Earnings contained therein;

 

(iv)        with respect to the Actual/360 Mortgage Loans and any Distribution Date relating to each Interest Accrual Period occurring in (1) each February or (2) any January in a year that is not a leap year (in each case, unless the related Distribution Date is the final Distribution Date), an amount equal to one (1) day of interest on the Stated Principal Balance of such Mortgage Loan

 

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immediately following the Distribution Date in the month preceding the month in which the subject Distribution Date occurs at the related Mortgage Rate to the extent such amounts are Withheld Amounts;

 

(v)         all Yield Maintenance Charges allocable to the Mortgage Loans;

 

(vi)        all amounts deposited in the Collection Account in error; and

 

(vii)       any Penalty Charges allocable to the Mortgage Loans;

 

(b)          if and to the extent not already included inclause (a) hereof, the aggregate amount transferred from the REO Account allocable to the Mortgage Loans to the Collection Account for such Distribution Date pursuant toSection 3.14(c);

 

(c)          the aggregate amount of any Compensating Interest Payments made by the Master Servicer with respect to the Mortgage Loans with respect to such Distribution Date and P&I Advances made by the Master Servicer or the Trustee, as applicable, with respect to the Mortgage Loans and the Distribution Date (net of the related Certificate Administrator/Trustee Fee, Operating Advisor Fee and Asset Representations Reviewer Fee actually payable with respect to the Mortgage Loans for which such P&I Advances are made if not already deducted under clause (a)(iii)) pursuant toSection 4.03 orSection 7.05;

 

(d)          with respect to each Actual/360 Mortgage Loan and any Distribution Date occurring in each March (or February, if the related Distribution Date is the final Distribution Date), the Withheld Amounts remitted to the Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account pursuant toSection 3.21(b); and

 

(e)          the Gain-on-Sale Remittance Amount for such Distribution Date.

 

Notwithstanding the investment of funds held in the Collection Account pursuant toSection 3.06, for purposes of calculating the Available Funds, the amounts so invested shall be deemed to remain on deposit in such account.

 

Balloon Mortgage Loan”: Any Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan that by its original terms or by virtue of any modification entered into as of the Closing Date provides for an amortization schedule for such Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan extending beyond its Maturity Date.

 

Balloon Payment”: With respect to any Balloon Mortgage Loan, as of any date of determination, the Periodic Payment payable on the Maturity Date of such Balloon Mortgage Loan.

 

Bankruptcy Code”: The federal Bankruptcy Code, as amended from time to time (Title 11 of the United States Code).

 

Base Interest Fraction”: With respect to any Principal Prepayment on any Mortgage Loan and with respect to any Class of Class A-1, Class A-2, Class A-3, Class A-4,

 

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Class A-5, Class A-SB, Class A-S, Class B, Class C and Class D Certificates, a fraction (a) whose numerator is the greater of (x) zero and (y) the difference between (i) the Pass-Through Rate of such Class of Certificates and (ii) the discount rate used in accordance with the related Mortgage Loan documents in calculating the Yield Maintenance Charge with respect to such Principal Prepayment and (b) whose denominator is the greater of zero and the difference between (i) the Mortgage Rate on such Mortgage Loan (or with respect to any Mortgage Loan that is part of a Serviced Whole Loan, the Mortgage Rate of such Serviced Whole Loan), and (ii) the discount rate used in accordance with the related Mortgage Loan documents in calculating the Yield Maintenance Charge with respect to such Principal Prepayment. However, (1) under no circumstances shall the Base Interest Fraction be greater than one or less than zero and (2) if such discount rate is greater than or equal to the lesser of the Mortgage Rate on such Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan, as applicable, and the Pass-Through Rate on such Class of Certificates, then the Base Interest Fraction will equal zero (provided that if such discount rate is greater than or equal to the Mortgage Rate on such Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan, as applicable, and is less than the Pass-Through Rate on such Class of Certificates, then the Base Interest Fraction will be one (1)). The Master Servicer shall provide to the Certificate Administrator the discount rate referenced above for purposes of calculating the Base Interest Fraction.

 

Book-Entry Certificate”: Any Certificate registered in the name of the Depository or its nominee.

 

Borrower Party”: A borrower, a Mortgagor, a manager of a Mortgaged Property, an Accelerated Mezzanine Loan Lender, or any Borrower Party Affiliate.

 

Borrower Party Affiliate”: With respect to a borrower, a Mortgagor, a manager of a Mortgaged Property or an Accelerated Mezzanine Loan Lender, (a) any other Person controlling or controlled by or under common control with such borrower, Mortgagor, manager or Accelerated Mezzanine Loan Lender, as applicable, or (b) any other Person owning, directly or indirectly, 25% or more of the beneficial interests in such borrower, Mortgagor, manager or Accelerated Mezzanine Loan Lender, as applicable. For the purposes of this definition, “control” when used with respect to any specified Person means the power to direct the management and policies of such Person, directly or indirectly, whether through the ownership of voting securities, by contract or otherwise and the terms “controlling” and “controlled” have meanings correlative to the foregoing.

 

Borrower-Related Party”: As defined inSection 3.32(a) of this Agreement.

 

Breach”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan, a breach of any representation or warranty with respect to such Mortgage Loan set forth in or made pursuant to Section 6(c) of the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement.

 

BSP”: Benefit Street Partners CRE Finance LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, and its successors in interest.

 

Business Day”: Any day other than a Saturday, a Sunday or a day on which banking institutions in North Carolina, New York, California or any of the jurisdictions in which

 

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the respective primary servicing offices of the Master Servicer or Special Servicer or the Corporate Trust Office of the Trustee or the Certificate Administrator, or the principal place of business or principal commercial mortgage loan servicing office of the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer is located, or the New York Stock Exchange or the Federal Reserve System of the United States of America are authorized or obligated by law or executive order to remain closed.

 

CERCLA”: The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980, as amended.

 

Certificate”: Any one of the Depositor’s Commercial Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates, Series 2016-C7, as executed and delivered by the Certificate Registrar and authenticated and delivered hereunder by the Authenticating Agent.

 

Certificate Administrator”: Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, in its capacity as certificate administrator, or if any successor certificate administrator is appointed thereto pursuant toSection 5.08 or any successor certificate administrator appointed hereunder. Wells Fargo Bank, National Association shall perform the certificate administrator role through its Corporate Trust Services division.

 

Certificate Administrator/Trustee Fee”: The fee to be paid to the Certificate Administrator as compensation for the Certificate Administrator’s activities under this Agreement;provided that the Certificate Administrator/Trustee Fee includes the Trustee fee. The Certificate Administrator/Trustee Fee shall be equal to the product of the Certificate Administrator/Trustee Fee Rate and the Stated Principal Balance of the related Mortgage Loan (calculated in the same manner as interest is calculated on the related Mortgage Loan) and REO Loan (other than the portion of an REO Loan related to any Companion Loan) as of the preceding Distribution Date.

 

Certificate Administrator/Trustee Fee Rate”: A rate equal to 0.00780%per annum.

 

Certificate Administrator’s Website”: The Certificate Administrator’s Internet website, which shall initially be located at www.ctslink.com.

 

Certificate Balance”: With respect to any Class of Principal Balance Certificates, (i) on or prior to the first Distribution Date, an amount equal to the Original Certificate Balance of such Class as specified in the Preliminary Statement hereto and (ii) as of any date of determination after the first Distribution Date, the Certificate Balance of such Class of Principal Balance Certificates on the Distribution Date immediately prior to such date of determination (determined as adjusted pursuant toSection 1.02(iii)).

 

Certificate Factor”: With respect to any Class of Certificates (other than the Class R Certificates), as of any date of determination, a fraction, expressed as a decimal carried to at least eight (8) places, the numerator of which is the then related Certificate Balance or Notional Amount, and the denominator of which is the related Original Certificate Balance.

 

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Certificate Owner”: With respect to a Book-Entry Certificate, the Person who is the beneficial owner of such Certificate as reflected on the books of the Depository or on the books of a Depository Participant or on the books of an indirect participating brokerage firm for which a Depository Participant acts as agent.

 

Certificate Register” and “Certificate Registrar”: The register maintained and registrar appointed pursuant toSection 5.03(a).

 

Certificateholder” or “Holder”: The Person in whose name a Certificate is registered in the Certificate Register;provided,however, that (1) solely for the purposes of giving any consent, approval, waiver or taking any action pursuant to this Agreement, any Certificate registered in the name of or beneficially owned by the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer (including, for the avoidance of doubt, any Excluded Special Servicer), the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Depositor, the Operating Advisor, a Borrower Party or any Affiliate of any of such Persons shall be deemed not to be outstanding (provided that notwithstanding the foregoing, any Controlling Class Certificates owned by an Excluded Controlling Class Holder shall not be deemed to be outstanding as to such Excluded Controlling Class Holder solely with respect to any related Excluded Controlling Class Loan; andprovided,further, that any Controlling Class Certificates owned by the Special Servicer or an Affiliate thereof shall not be deemed to be outstanding as to the Special Servicer or such Affiliate solely with respect to any related Excluded Special Servicer Loan), and (2) solely for the purposes of exercising any rights of a Certificateholder described underSection 2.03(k), any Certificates beneficially owned by any Mortgage Loan Seller shall be deemed not to be outstanding, and, in the case of either (1) or (2), the Voting Rights to which it is entitled shall not be taken into account in determining whether the requisite percentage of Voting Rights necessary to effect any such consent, approval, waiver, take any such action or exercise any such rights has been obtained;provided,however, that notwithstanding the foregoing, for purposes of exercising any rights it may have solely as a member of the Controlling Class, any Controlling Class Certificate owned by an Excluded Controlling Class Holder shall be deemed not to be outstanding as to such Holder solely with respect to any related Excluded Controlling Class Loan; andprovided,further, that for purposes of obtaining the consent of Certificateholders to an amendment of this Agreement, any Certificate beneficially owned by the Depositor, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Trustee, the Operating Advisor, the Certificate Administrator or any of their Affiliates shall be deemed to be outstanding,provided that if such amendment relates to the termination, increase in compensation or material reduction of obligations of the Depositor, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Trustee, the Operating Advisor or the Certificate Administrator or any of their Affiliates, then such Certificate so owned shall be deemed not to be outstanding; andprovided,further, that such restrictions shall not apply to (i) the exercise of the rights of the Special Servicer, the Master Servicer or any of their Affiliates as a member of the Controlling Class (but not with respect to any Excluded Controlling Class Loan with respect to which such party is an Excluded Controlling Class Holder) or (ii) solely for purposes of accessing information, any Affiliate of the Depositor, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Trustee, the Operating Advisor or the Certificate Administrator that has provided an Investor Certification in which it has certified as to the existence of certain policies and procedures restricting the flow of information between it and the Depositor, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Trustee, the Operating Advisor or the Certificate Administrator, as applicable. The Trustee and the Certificate Administrator shall each be entitled to request and rely upon a

 

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certificate of the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer or the Depositor in determining whether a Certificate is registered in the name of an Affiliate of such Person. All references herein to “Holders” or “Certificateholders” shall reflect the rights of Certificate Owners as they may indirectly exercise such rights through the Depository and the Depository Participants, except as otherwise specified herein;provided,however, that the parties hereto shall be required to recognize as a “Holder” or “Certificateholder” only the Person in whose name a Certificate is registered in the Certificate Register. The Trustee shall be the Holder of the Lower-Tier Regular Interests for the benefit of the Certificateholders.

 

Certificateholder Quorum”: In connection with any solicitation of votes in connection with the replacement of the Special Servicer or the Asset Representations Reviewer pursuant toSection 7.01(d) andSection 12.05 (other than as a result of the replacement of the Special Servicer at the recommendation of the Operating Advisor), the Holders of Certificates evidencing at least 75% of the aggregate Voting Rights (taking into account the application of Realized Losses and, other than with respect to the termination of the Asset Representations Reviewer, the application of any Appraisal Reduction Amounts to notionally reduce the Certificate Balance of the Certificates) of all Principal Balance Certificates on an aggregate basis.

 

Certificateholder Repurchase Request”: As defined inSection 2.03(k)(i).

 

Certification Parties”: As defined inSection 11.06.

 

Certification Party”: Any one of the Certification Parties.

 

Certifying Person”: As defined inSection 11.06.

 

Certifying Servicer”: As defined inSection 11.09.

 

Class”: With respect to any Certificates or Lower-Tier Regular Interests, all of the Certificates bearing the same alphabetical (and, if applicable, numerical) Class designation, each designated Lower-Tier Regular Interest.

 

Class A Certificate”: Any Class A-1, Class A-2, Class A-3, Class A-4, Class A-5, Class A-SB and Class A-S Certificate.

 

Class A-1 Certificate”: A Certificate designated as “Class A-1” on the face thereof, in the form ofExhibit A-1hereto, and evidencing a “regular interest” in the Upper-Tier REMIC for purposes of the REMIC Provisions.

 

Class A-1 Pass-Through Rate”: With respect to any Distribution Date, a per annum rate equal to a fixed rate of 1.5786%.

 

Class A-2 Certificate”: A Certificate designated as “Class A-2” on the face thereof, in the form ofExhibit A-2hereto, and evidencing a “regular interest” in the Upper-Tier REMIC for purposes of the REMIC Provisions.

 

 

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Class A-2 Pass-Through Rate”: With respect to any Distribution Date, a per annum rate equal to a fixed rate of 2.8289%.

 

Class A-3 Certificate”: A Certificate designated as “Class A-3” on the face thereof, in the form ofExhibit A-3hereto, and evidencing a “regular interest” in the Upper-Tier REMIC for purposes of the REMIC Provisions.

 

Class A-3 Pass-Through Rate”: With respect to any Distribution Date, a per annum rate equal to a fixed rate of 2.6082%.

 

Class A-4 Certificate”: A Certificate designated as “Class A-4” on the face thereof, in the form ofExhibit A-4hereto, and evidencing a “regular interest” in the Upper-Tier REMIC for purposes of the REMIC Provisions.

 

Class A-4 Pass-Through Rate”: With respect to any Distribution Date, a per annum rate equal to a fixed rate of 3.2100%.

 

Class A-5 Certificate”: A Certificate designated as “Class A-5” on the face thereof, in the form ofExhibit A-5hereto, and evidencing a “regular interest” in the Upper-Tier REMIC for purposes of the REMIC Provisions.

 

Class A-5 Pass-Through Rate”: With respect to any Distribution Date, aper annum rate equal to a fixed rate of 3.5020%.

 

Class A-S Certificate”: A Certificate designated as “Class A-S” on the face thereof, in the form ofExhibit A-12hereto, and evidencing a “regular interest” in the Upper-Tier REMIC for purposes of the REMIC Provisions.

 

Class A-S Pass-Through Rate”: With respect to any Distribution Date, aper annum rate equal to the lesser of 3.9579% and the Weighted Average Net Mortgage Rate for such Distribution Date.

 

Class A-SB Certificate”: A Certificate designated as “Class A-SB” on the face thereof, in the form ofExhibit A-6hereto, and evidencing a “regular interest” in the Upper-Tier REMIC for purposes of the REMIC Provisions.

 

Class A-SB Pass-Through Rate”: With respect to any Distribution Date, aper annum rate equal to a fixed rate of 3.3143%.

 

Class A-SB Planned Principal Balance”: With respect to any Distribution Date, the planned principal amount for such Distribution Date specified in Schedule 2 hereto relating to the Class A-SB Certificates.

 

Class B Certificate”: A Certificate designated as “Class B” on the face thereof, in the form ofExhibit A-13hereto, and evidencing a “regular interest” in the Upper-Tier REMIC for purposes of the REMIC Provisions.

 

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Class B Pass-Through Rate”: With respect to any Distribution Date, aper annum rate equal to the Weighted Average Net Mortgage Rate for such Distribution Date less 0.0500%, but not less than 0.0000%.

 

Class C Certificate”: A Certificate designated as “Class C” on the face thereof, in the form ofExhibit A-14hereto, and evidencing a “regular interest” in the Upper-Tier REMIC for purposes of the REMIC Provisions.

 

Class C Pass-Through Rate”: With respect to any Distribution Date, aper annum rate equal to the Weighted Average Net Mortgage Rate for such Distribution Date.

 

Class D Certificate”: A Certificate designated as “Class D” on the face thereof, in the form ofExhibit A-15hereto, and evidencing a “regular interest” in the Upper-Tier REMIC for purposes of the REMIC Provisions.

 

Class D Pass-Through Rate”: With respect to any Distribution Date, aper annumrate equal to the Weighted Average Net Mortgage Rate for such Distribution Date.

 

Class E Certificate”: A Certificate designated as “Class E” on the face thereof, in the form ofExhibit A-16hereto, and evidencing a “regular interest” in the Upper-Tier REMIC for purposes of the REMIC Provisions.

 

Class E Pass-Through Rate”: With respect to any Distribution Date,  a per annum rate equal to the lesser of 3.1920% and the Weighted Average Net Mortgage Rate for such Distribution Date.

 

Class F Certificate”: A Certificate designated as “Class F” on the face thereof, in the form ofExhibit A-17hereto, and evidencing a “regular interest” in the Upper-Tier REMIC for purposes of the REMIC Provisions.

 

Class F Pass-Through Rate”: With respect to any Distribution Date,  a per annum rate equal to the lesser of 3.1920% and the Weighted Average Net Mortgage Rate for such Distribution Date.

 

Class LA-1 Uncertificated Interest”: An uncertificated regular interest in the Lower-Tier REMIC which is held as an asset of the Upper-Tier REMIC and having the Original Lower-Tier Principal Amount andper annum rate of interest set forth in the Preliminary Statement hereto.

 

Class LA-2 Uncertificated Interest”: An uncertificated regular interest in the Lower-Tier REMIC which is held as an asset of the Upper-Tier REMIC and having the Original Lower-Tier Principal Amount andper annum rate of interest set forth in the Preliminary Statement hereto.

 

Class LA-3 Uncertificated Interest”: An uncertificated regular interest in the Lower-Tier REMIC which is held as an asset of the Upper-Tier REMIC and having the Original Lower-Tier Principal Amount andper annum rate of interest set forth in the Preliminary Statement hereto.

 

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Class LA-4 Uncertificated Interest”: An uncertificated regular interest in the Lower-Tier REMIC which is held as an asset of the Upper-Tier REMIC and having the Original Lower-Tier Principal Amount andper annum rate of interest set forth in the Preliminary Statement hereto.

 

Class LA-5 Uncertificated Interest”: An uncertificated regular interest in the Lower-Tier REMIC which is held as an asset of the Upper-Tier REMIC and having the Original Lower-Tier Principal Amount andper annum rate of interest set forth in the Preliminary Statement hereto.

 

Class LA-S Uncertificated Interest”: An uncertificated regular interest in the Lower-Tier REMIC which is held as an asset of the Upper-Tier REMIC and having the Original Lower-Tier Principal Amount andper annum rate of interest set forth in the Preliminary Statement hereto.

 

Class LA-SB Uncertificated Interest”: An uncertificated regular interest in the Lower-Tier REMIC which is held as an asset of the Upper-Tier REMIC and having the Original Lower-Tier Principal Amount andper annum rate of interest set forth in the Preliminary Statement hereto.

 

Class LB Uncertificated Interest”: An uncertificated regular interest in the Lower-Tier REMIC which is held as an asset of the Upper-Tier REMIC and having the Original Lower-Tier Principal Amount andper annum rate of interest set forth in the Preliminary Statement hereto.

 

Class LC Uncertificated Interest”: An uncertificated regular interest in the Lower-Tier REMIC which is held as an asset of the Upper-Tier REMIC and having the Original Lower-Tier Principal Amount andper annum rate of interest set forth in the Preliminary Statement hereto.

 

Class LD Uncertificated Interest”: An uncertificated regular interest in the Lower-Tier REMIC which is held as an asset of the Upper-Tier REMIC and having the Original Lower-Tier Principal Amount andper annum rate of interest set forth in the Preliminary Statement hereto.

 

Class LE Uncertificated Interest”: An uncertificated regular interest in the Lower-Tier REMIC which is held as an asset of the Upper-Tier REMIC and having the Original Lower-Tier Principal Amount andper annum rate of interest set forth in the Preliminary Statement hereto.

 

Class LF Uncertificated Interest”: An uncertificated regular interest in the Lower-Tier REMIC which is held as an asset of the Upper-Tier REMIC and having the Original Lower-Tier Principal Amount andper annum rate of interest set forth in the Preliminary Statement hereto.

 

Class LNR Uncertificated Interest”: An uncertificated regular interest in the Lower-Tier REMIC which is held as an asset of the Upper-Tier REMIC and having the Original

 

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Lower-Tier Principal Amount andper annum rate of interest set forth in the Preliminary Statement hereto.

 

Class LR Interest”: The uncertificated residual interest in the Lower-Tier REMIC, represented by the Class R Certificates.

 

Class NR Certificate”: A Certificate designated as “Class NR” on the face thereof, in the form ofExhibit A-18hereto, and evidencing a “regular interest” in the Upper-Tier REMIC for purposes of the REMIC Provisions.

 

Class NR Pass-Through Rate”: With respect to any Distribution Date, aper annumrate equal to the lesser of (i) 3.1920% and (ii) the Weighted Average Net Mortgage Rate for such Distribution Date.

 

Class R Certificate”: A Certificate designated as “Class R” on the face thereof in the form ofExhibit A-19hereto, and evidencing the sole class of “residual interest” in each Trust REMIC for purposes of the REMIC Provisions.

 

Class UR Interest”: The uncertificated residual interest in the Upper-Tier REMIC, represented by the Class R Certificates.

 

Class X Certificates”: The Class X-A, Class X-B, Class X-E, Class X-F and/or Class X-NR Certificates, as the context may require.

 

Class X-A Certificate”: A Certificate designated as “Class X-A” on the face thereof, in the form ofExhibit A-7hereto, and evidencing a “regular interest” in the Upper-Tier REMIC for purposes of the REMIC Provisions.

 

Class X-A Notional Amount”: As of any date of determination, the aggregate of the Certificate Balances of the Class A Certificates.

 

Class X-A Pass-Through Rate”: The Pass-Through Rate for Class X-A Certificates for any Distribution Date will equal the excess, if any, of (a) the Weighted Average Net Mortgage Rate for such Distribution Date, over (b) the weighted average of the Pass-Through Rates on the respective Classes of the Class A Certificates for such Distribution Date, weighted on the basis of their respective Certificate Balances immediately prior to such Distribution Date. The Pass-Through Rate applicable to the Class X-A Certificates for the initial Distribution Date shall be the rate set forth in the Preliminary Statement hereto.

 

Class X-B Certificate”: A Certificate designated as “Class X-B” on the face thereof, in the form ofExhibit A-8hereto, and evidencing a “regular interest” in the Upper-Tier REMIC for purposes of the REMIC Provisions.

 

Class X-B Notional Amount”: As of any date of determination, the Certificate Balance of the Class B Certificates.

 

Class X-B Pass-Through Rate”: The Pass-Through Rate for Class X-B Certificates for any Distribution Date will be aper annum rate equal to a fixed rate of 0.0500%.

 

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Class X-E Certificate”: A Certificate designated as “Class X-E” on the face thereof, in the form ofExhibit A-9hereto, and evidencing a “regular interest” in the Upper-Tier REMIC for purposes of the REMIC Provisions.

 

Class X-E Notional Amount”: As of any date of determination, the Certificate Balance of the Class E Certificates.

 

Class X-E Pass-Through Rate”: The Pass-Through Rate for Class X-E Certificates for any Distribution Date will equal the excess, if any, of (a) the Weighted Average Net Mortgage Rate for such Distribution Date, over (b) the Pass-Through Rate of the Class E Certificates for such Distribution Date. The Pass-Through Rate applicable to the Class X-E Certificates for the initial Distribution Date shall be the rate set forth in the Preliminary Statement hereto.

 

Class X-F Certificate”: A Certificate designated as “Class X-F” on the face thereof, in the form ofExhibit A-10hereto, and evidencing a “regular interest” in the Upper-Tier REMIC for purposes of the REMIC Provisions.

 

Class X-F Notional Amount”: As of any date of determination, the Certificate Balance of the Class F Certificates.

 

Class X-F Pass-Through Rate”: The Pass-Through Rate for Class X-F Certificates for any Distribution Date will equal the excess, if any, of (a) the Weighted Average Net Mortgage Rate for such Distribution Date, over (b) the Pass-Through Rate of the Class F Certificates for such Distribution Date. The Pass-Through Rate applicable to the Class X-F Certificates for the initial Distribution Date shall be the rate set forth in the Preliminary Statement hereto.

 

Class X-NR Certificate”: A Certificate designated as “Class X-NR” on the face thereof, in the form ofExhibit A-11hereto, and evidencing a “regular interest” in the Upper-Tier REMIC for purposes of the REMIC Provisions.

 

Class X-NR Notional Amount”: As of any date of determination, the Certificate Balance of the Class NR Certificates.

 

Class X-NR Pass-Through Rate”: The Pass-Through Rate for Class X-NR Certificates for any Distribution Date will equal the excess, if any, of (a) the Weighted Average Net Mortgage Rate for such Distribution Date, over (b) the Pass-Through Rate of the Class NR Certificates for such Distribution Date. The Pass-Through Rate applicable to the Class X-NR Certificates for the initial Distribution Date shall be the rate set forth in the Preliminary Statement hereto.

 

Clearing Agency”: An organization registered as a “clearing agency” pursuant to Section 17A of the Exchange Act. The initial Clearing Agency shall be DTC.

 

Clearstream”: Clearstream Banking, société anonyme or any successor thereto.

 

Closing Date”: November 22, 2016.

 

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CMBS”: Commercial mortgage-backed securities.

 

Coconut Point Co-Lender Agreement”: That certain Co-Lender Agreement, dated as of September 7, 2016, by and between the holder of the Coconut Point Companion Loans and the holder of the Coconut Point Mortgage Loan, relating to the relative rights of such holders of the Coconut Point Whole Loan, as the same may be further amended in accordance with the terms thereof.

 

Coconut Point Mortgage Loan”: With respect to the Coconut Point Whole Loan, the Mortgage Loan that is included in the Trust (identified as Mortgage Loan No. 1 on the Mortgage Loan Schedule), which is designated as promissory note A-1, and ispari passu in right of payment with the Coconut Point Companion Loans to the extent set forth in the Coconut Point Co-Lender Agreement.

 

Coconut Point Mortgaged Property”: The Mortgaged Properties that secure the Coconut Point Whole Loan.

 

Coconut Point Companion Loans”: With respect to the Coconut Point Whole Loan, the Companion Loans evidenced by the related promissory notes A-2 and A-3 made by the related Mortgagor and secured by the Mortgage on the Coconut Point Mortgaged Property, which are not included in the Trust and which are eachpari passu in right of payment with the Coconut Point Mortgage Loan to the extent set forth in the Coconut Point Co-Lender Agreement.

 

Coconut Point Whole Loan”: The Coconut Point Mortgage Loan together with the Coconut Point Companion Loans, each of which is secured by the same Mortgage on the Coconut Point Mortgaged Property. References herein to the Coconut Point Whole Loan shall be construed to refer to the aggregate indebtedness under the Coconut Point Mortgage Loan and the Coconut Point Companion Loans.

 

Code”: The Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended from time to time, and applicable final or temporary regulations of the U.S. Department of the Treasury issued pursuant thereto.

 

Collateral Deficiency Amount”: With respect to any AB Modified Loan as of any date of determination, shall be an amount, calculated by the Special Servicer, equal to the excess of (i) the Stated Principal Balance of such AB Modified Loan (taking into account the related junior note(s) and anypari passu notes included therein), over (ii) the sum of (in the case of a Whole Loan, solely to the extent allocable to the subject Mortgage Loan) (x) the most recent Appraised Value for the related Mortgaged Property or Mortgaged Properties, plus (y) solely to the extent not reflected or taken into account in such Appraised Value (or in the calculation of any related Appraisal Reduction Amount) and to the extent on deposit with, or otherwise under the control of, the lender as of the date of such determination, any capital or additional collateral contributed by the related Mortgagor at the time the Mortgage Loan became (and as part of the modification related to) such AB Modified Loan for the benefit of the related Mortgaged Property or Mortgaged Properties (provided that in the case of a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, the amounts set forth in this clause (y) will be taken into account solely to the extent relevant information is received by the Special Servicer), plus (z) any other escrows or reserves (in

 

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addition to any amounts set forth in the immediately preceding clause (y) and solely to the extent not reflected or taken into account in the calculation of any related Appraisal Reduction Amount) held by the lender in respect of such AB Modified Loan as of the date of such determination, which such excess, for the avoidance of doubt, will be determined separately from and exclude any related Appraisal Reduction Amounts. The Master Servicer and the Certificate Administrator shall be entitled to conclusively rely on the Special Servicer’s calculation or determination of any Collateral Deficiency Amount.

 

With respect to any Collateral Deficiency Amount calculated for purposes of determining the existence and identity of the Controlling Class pursuant toSection 4.05(a) hereof, the Appraised Value for the related Mortgaged Property determined in connection with this definition shall be determined on an “as-is” basis. The Master Servicer shall not calculate any Collateral Deficiency Amount.

 

Collection Account”: A segregated custodial account or accounts created and maintained by the Master Servicer pursuant toSection 3.04(a)on behalf of the Trustee for the benefit of the Certificateholders, which shall be entitled “Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as Master Servicer on behalf of Wilmington Trust, National Association, as Trustee, for the benefit of the registered holders of CSAIL 2016-C7 Commercial Mortgage Trust, Commercial Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates, Series 2016-C7”. Any such account or accounts shall be an Eligible Account. Subject to the related Intercreditor Agreement and taking into account that each Companion Loan is subordinate orpari passu, as applicable, to the related Serviced Mortgage Loan to the extent set forth in the related Intercreditor Agreement, the subaccount described in the second paragraph ofSection 3.04(b)that is part of the Collection Account shall be for the benefit of the related Companion Holder, to the extent funds on deposit in such subaccount are attributed to such Companion Loan and shall not be an asset of the Trust or any Trust REMIC formed hereunder.

 

Collection Period”: With respect to any Distribution Date and any Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan, the period commencing on the day immediately succeeding the Due Date for such Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan occurring in the month preceding the month in which that Distribution Date occurs or the date that would have been the Due Date if such Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan had a Due Date in such preceding month and ending on and including the Due Date for such Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan occurring in the month in which that Distribution Date occurs. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in the event that the last day of a Collection Period (or applicable Grace Period) is not a Business Day, any Periodic Payments received with respect to the Mortgage Loans or any related Companion Loan relating to such Collection Period (or applicable Grace Period) on the Business Day immediately following such day shall be deemed to have been received during such Collection Period and not during any other Collection Period.

 

Column”: Column Financial, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its successors in interest.

 

Commission”: The Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

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Companion Distribution Account”: With respect to any Serviced Companion Loan, the separate account created and maintained by the Companion Paying Agent pursuant toSection 3.04(b) and held on behalf of the Companion Holders, which shall be entitled “Wells Fargo Bank, National Association [or name of successor master servicer], as Companion Paying Agent, for the benefit of the Companion Holders of the Companion Loans, relating to the CSAIL 2016-C7 Commercial Mortgage Trust, Commercial Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates, Series 2016-C7, Companion Distribution Account”. The Companion Distribution Account shall not be an asset of the Trust or any Trust REMIC, but instead shall be held by the Companion Paying Agent on behalf of the Companion Holders. Any such account shall be an Eligible Account. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if the Master Servicer and the Companion Paying Agent are the same entity, the Companion Distribution Account may be the subaccount referenced in the second paragraph ofSection 3.04(b).

 

Companion Holders”: Each of the holders of record of any Companion Loan.

 

Companion Loan(s)”: As defined in the Preliminary Statement.

 

Companion Loan Rating Agency”: Any NRSRO rating any class of Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan securities.

 

Companion Paying Agent”: With respect to the Serviced Companion Loans, if any, the Master Servicer in its role as Companion Paying Agent appointed pursuant toSection 3.27.

 

Companion Register”: The register maintained by the Companion Paying Agent pursuant toSection 3.28.

 

Compensating Interest Payments”: An amount as of any Distribution Date equal to the lesser of (i) the aggregate amount of Prepayment Interest Shortfalls incurred in connection with voluntary principal prepayments received in respect of the Mortgage Loans (other than the Non-Serviced Mortgage Loans) and any related Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan (in each case other than a Specially Serviced Loan or any Mortgage Loan or related Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan on which the Special Servicer allowed a prepayment on a date other than the applicable Due Date) for the related Distribution Date and (ii) the aggregate of (A) that portion of the Master Servicer’s Servicing Fees for such Distribution Date that is, in the case of each Mortgage Loan, Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan and REO Loan for which Servicing Fees are being paid for such Collection Period, calculated at a rate of 0.0025%per annum, and (B) all Prepayment Interest Excesses received by the Master Servicer during such Collection Period with respect to the Mortgage Loans (and, so long as a Serviced Whole Loan is serviced hereunder, the related Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan) subject to such prepayment. In no event will the rights of the Certificateholders to the offset of the aggregate Prepayment Interest Shortfalls be cumulative. However, if a Prepayment Interest Shortfall occurs with respect to a Mortgage Loan as a result of the Master Servicer’s allowing the related Mortgagor to deviate (a “Prohibited Prepayment”) from the terms of the related Mortgage Loan documents regarding Principal Prepayments (other than (V) a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, (W) subsequent to a default under the related Mortgage Loan documents or if the Mortgage Loan is a Specially Serviced Loan, (X) pursuant to applicable law or a court order or otherwise in such

 

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circumstances where the Master Servicer is required to accept such Principal Prepayment in accordance with the Servicing Standard, (Y) at the request or with the consent of the Special Servicer or, so long as no Control Termination Event has occurred and is continuing, and only with respect to Mortgage Loans other than Excluded Loans, the Directing Certificateholder or (Z) in connection with the payment of any Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds), then for purposes of calculating the Compensating Interest Payment for the related Distribution Date, the Master Servicer shall pay, without regard toclause (ii) above, the aggregate amount of Prepayment Interest Shortfalls with respect to such Mortgage Loan, otherwise described inclause (i) above in connection with such Prohibited Prepayments.

 

For the avoidance of doubt, Compensating Interest Payments with respect to each Serviced Whole Loan shall be allocated among the related Mortgage Loan and the related Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan(s),pro rata, in accordance with their respective principal balances.

 

Consultation Termination Event”: At any date at which (i) no Class of Control Eligible Certificates exists where such Class’s aggregate Certificate Balance is at least equal to 25% of the Original Certificate Balance of that Class, in each case without regard to the application of any Cumulative Appraisal Reduction Amounts or (ii) a Holder of the Class F Certificates is the majority Controlling Class Certificateholder and has irrevocably waived its right, in writing, to exercise any of the rights of the Controlling Class Certificateholder, and such rights have not been reinstated to a successor Controlling Class Certificateholder pursuant toSection 3.23(l);provided that no Consultation Termination Event resulting solely from the operation of clause (ii) shall be deemed to have existed or be in continuance with respect to a successor Holder of Class F Certificates that has not irrevocably waived its right to exercise any of the rights of the Controlling Class Certificateholder.

 

Control Eligible Certificates”: Any of the Class F and Class NR Certificates.

 

Control Termination Event”: The occurrence of (i) the Certificate Balance of the Class F Certificates (taking into account the application of any Cumulative Appraisal Reduction Amounts to notionally reduce the Certificate Balance of such Class in accordance withSection 4.05(a) hereof) being reduced to less than 25% of the Original Certificate Balance of such Class or (ii) a Holder of the Class F Certificates becoming the majority Controlling Class Certificateholder and has irrevocably waived its right, in writing, to exercise any of the rights of the Controlling Class Certificateholder and such rights have not been reinstated to a successor Controlling Class Certificateholder pursuant toSection 3.23(l).

 

Controlling Class”: As of any date of determination, the most subordinate Class of Control Eligible Certificates then outstanding that has a then aggregate Certificate Balance as notionally reduced by any Cumulative Appraisal Reduction Amounts allocable to such Class in accordance withSection 4.05(a), at least equal to 25% of the Original Certificate Balance of that Class. The Controlling Class as of the Closing Date will be the Class NR Certificates;provided that if at any time the Certificate Balances of the Certificates other than the Control Eligible Certificates have been reduced to zero as a result of the allocation of principal payments on the Mortgage Loans, then the Controlling Class will be the most subordinate class among the

 

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Control Eligible Certificates that has an aggregate Certificate Balance greater than zero without regard to any Cumulative Appraisal Reduction Amounts.

 

Controlling Class Certificateholders”: Each Holder (or Certificate Owner, if applicable) of a Certificate of the Controlling Class as determined by the Certificate Registrar, from time to time, upon request by any party hereto. The Trustee, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer or the Operating Advisor may from time to time request (the cost of which being an expense of the Trust) that the Certificate Administrator provide a list of the Holders (or Certificate Owners, if applicable) of the Controlling Class and the Certificate Administrator shall promptly provide such list without charge to such Trustee, Master Servicer, Operating Advisor or Special Servicer, as applicable. The Trustee, Master Servicer, the Special Servicer and the Operating Advisor shall be entitled to rely on any such list so provided.

 

Corporate Trust Office”: The principal corporate trust office of the Trustee and the Certificate Administrator at which at any particular time its corporate trust business with respect to this Agreement shall be administered, which office at the date of the execution of this Agreement is located (i) with respect to Certificate transfers and surrenders, at Wells Fargo Center, Sixth Street and Marquette Avenue, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55479-0113, Attention: CSAIL 2016-C7; and (ii) with respect to the Trustee at 1100 North Market Street, Wilmington, Delaware 19890, Attention: CMBS Trustee CSAIL 2016-C7; and (iii) for all other purposes, to the Certificate Administrator at 9062 Old Annapolis Road, Columbia, Maryland 21045-1951, Attention: Corporate Trust Services (CMBS) CSAIL 2016-C7, telecopy number (410) 715-2380.

 

Corrected Loan”: Any Specially Serviced Loan that has become current and remained current for three (3) consecutive Periodic Payments (for such purposes taking into account any modification or amendment of the related Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan, as applicable, whether by a consensual modification or in connection with a bankruptcy, insolvency or similar proceeding involving the Mortgagor), and (provided that no other Servicing Transfer Event exists or has occurred with respect to such Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan during such preceding three (3) months, no additional default is foreseeable in the reasonable judgment of the Special Servicer and no other event or circumstance exists that causes such Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan, as applicable, to otherwise constitute a Specially Serviced Loan) the servicing of which the Special Servicer has returned to the Master Servicer pursuant toSection 3.19(a).

 

CREFC®”: The Commercial Real Estate Finance Council®, or any successor organization reasonably acceptable to the Certificate Administrator, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer and, prior to the occurrence and continuance of a Control Termination Event, the Directing Certificateholder.

 

CREFC®Advance Recovery Report”: The monthly report substantially in the form of, and containing the information called for in, the downloadable form of the “Advance Recovery Report” available as of the Closing Date on the CREFC®Website, or such other form for the presentation of such information and containing such additional information as may from time to time be approved by the CREFC® for commercial mortgage securities transactions generally.

 

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CREFC®Appraisal Reduction Amount Template”: A report substantially in the form of, and containing the information called for in, the downloadable form of the “Appraisal Reduction Amount Template” available as of the Closing Date on the CREFC® Website, or such other form for the presentation of such information and containing such additional information as may from time to time be approved by the CREFC® for commercial mortgage securities transactions generally.

 

CREFC®Bond Level File”: The data file in the “CREFC® Bond Level File” format substantially in the form of and containing the information called for therein, or such other form for the presentation of such information as may be approved from time to time by the CREFC® for commercial mortgage securities transactions generally.

 

CREFC®Collateral Summary File”: The data file in the “CREFC® Collateral Summary File” format substantially in the form of and containing the information called for therein, or such other form for the presentation of such information as may be approved from time to time by the CREFC® for commercial mortgage securities transactions generally.

 

CREFC®Comparative Financial Status Report”: The monthly report in “Comparative Financial Status Report” format substantially in the form of and containing the information called for therein for the Mortgage Loans, or such other form for the presentation of such information as may be approved from time to time by the CREFC® for commercial mortgage securities transactions generally.

 

CREFC®Delinquent Loan Status Report”: The monthly report in the “Delinquent Loan Status Report” format substantially in the form of and containing the information called for therein for the Mortgage Loans, or such other form for the presentation of such information as may be approved from time to time by the CREFC® for commercial mortgage securities transactions generally.

 

CREFC®Financial File”: The data file in the “CREFC® Financial File” format substantially in the form of and containing the information called for therein for the Mortgage Loans, or such other form for the presentation of such information as may be approved from time to time by the CREFC® for commercial mortgage securities transactions generally.

 

CREFC®Historical Bond/Collateral Realized Loss Reconciliation Template”: A report substantially in the form of, and containing the information called for in, the downloadable form of the “Historical Bond/Collateral Realized Loss Reconciliation Template” available and effective from time to time on the CREFC® Website.

 

CREFC®Historical Liquidation Loss Template”: A report substantially in the form of, and containing the information called for in, the downloadable form of the “Historical Liquidation Loss Template” available and effective from time to time on the CREFC® Website.

 

CREFC®Historical Loan Modification/Forbearance and Corrected Mortgage Loan Report”: The monthly report in the “Historical Loan Modification/Forbearance and Corrected Mortgage Loan Report” format substantially in the form of and containing the information called for therein for the Mortgage Loans, or such other form for the presentation of

 

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such information as may be approved from time to time by the CREFC® for commercial mortgage securities transactions generally.

 

CREFC®Intellectual Property Royalty License Fee”: With respect to each Mortgage Loan and REO Loan (other than the portion of an REO Loan related to any Serviced Companion Loan) and for any Distribution Date, the amount accrued during the related Interest Accrual Period at the CREFC® Intellectual Property Royalty License Fee Rate on the Stated Principal Balance of such Mortgage Loan or REO Loan as of the close of business on the Distribution Date in such Interest Accrual Period;providedthat such amounts shall be computed for the same period and on the same interest accrual basis respecting which any related interest payment due or deemed due on the related Mortgage Loan or REO Loan is computed and shall be prorated for partial periods. For the avoidance of doubt, the CREFC® Intellectual Property Royalty License Fee shall be deemed payable by the Master Servicer from the Lower-Tier REMIC.

 

CREFC®Intellectual Property Royalty License Fee Rate”: With respect to each Mortgage Loan and REO Mortgage Loan, a rate equal to 0.00050%per annum.

 

CREFC®Interest Shortfall Reconciliation Template”: A report substantially in the form of, and containing the information called for in, the downloadable form of the “Interest Shortfall Reconciliation Template” available and effective from time to time on the CREFC® Website.

 

CREFC®Investor Reporting Package”: The collection of reports specified by the CREFC® from time to time as the “CREFC® Investor Reporting Package.” As of the Closing Date, the CREFC® Investor Reporting Package contains seven electronic files ((1) CREFC® Loan Setup File, (2) CREFC® Loan Periodic Update File, (3) CREFC® Property File, (4) CREFC® Bond Level File, (5) CREFC®Collateral Summary File, (6) CREFC® Financial File and (7) CREFC® Special Servicer Loan File) and nine surveillance reports ((1) CREFC® Servicer Watch List, (2) CREFC® Delinquent Mortgage Loan Status Report, (3) CREFC® REO Status Report, (4) CREFC® Comparative Financial Status Report, (5) CREFC® Historical Loan Modification/Forbearance and Corrected Mortgage Loan Report, (6) CREFC®Operating Statement Analysis Report, (7) CREFC® NOI Adjustment Worksheet, (8) CREFC® Loan Level Reserve/LOC Report and (9) with respect to Mortgage Loans that have a Companion Loan, the CREFC® Total Loan Report). In addition, the CREFC® Investor Reporting Package shall include the CREFC® Advance Recovery Report. In addition, the CREFC® Investor Reporting Package shall include the following nine templates: (1) CREFC® Appraisal Reduction Amount Template, (2) CREFC® Servicer Realized Loss Template, (3) CREFC® Reconciliation of Funds Template, (4) CREFC® Historical Bond/Collateral Realized Loss Reconciliation Template, (5) CREFC® Historical Liquidation Loss Template, (6) CREFC® Interest Shortfall Reconciliation Template, (7) CREFC® Loan Modification Report, (8) CREFC® Loan Liquidation Report and (9) CREFC®REO Liquidation Report. The CREFC® Investor Reporting Package shall be substantially in the form of, and containing the information called for in, the downloadable forms of the “CREFC® IRP” available as of the Closing Date on the CREFC® Website, or such other form for the presentation of such information and containing such additional information or reports as may from time to time be approved by the CREFC® for commercial mortgage backed securities transactions generally. For the purposes of the production of the CREFC®

 

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Comparative Financial Status Report by the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer of any such report that is required to state information for any period prior to the Cut-off Date, the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as the case may be, may conclusively rely (without independent verification), absent manifest error, on information provided to it by the Mortgage Loan Sellers or by the related Mortgagor or (x) in the case of such a report produced by the Master Servicer, by the Special Servicer (if other than the Master Servicer or an Affiliate thereof) and (y) in the case of such a report produced by the Special Servicer, by the Master Servicer (if other than the Special Servicer or an Affiliate thereof).

 

CREFC®License Agreement”: The License Agreement, in the form set forth on the website of CREFC® on the Closing Date, relating to the use of theCREFC® trademarks and trade names.

 

CREFC®Loan Level Reserve/LOC Report”: The monthly report in the “CREFC® Loan Level Reserve/LOC Report” format substantially in the form of and containing the information called for therein for the Mortgage Loans, or such other form for the presentation of such information as may be approved from time to time by the CREFC® for commercial mortgage securities transactions generally.

 

CREFC®Loan Liquidation Report”: A report substantially in the form of, and containing the information called for in, the downloadable form of the “Loan Liquidation Report” available and effective from time to time on the CREFC®Website, or such other form for the presentation of such information and containing such additional information as may from time to time be recommended by the CREFC® for commercial mortgage securities transactions generally.

 

CREFC®Loan Modification Report”: A report substantially in the form of, and containing the information called for in, the downloadable form of the “Loan Modification Report” available and effective from time to time on the CREFC®Website, or such other form for the presentation of such information and containing such additional information as may from time to time be recommended by the CREFC® for commercial mortgage securities transactions generally.

 

CREFC®Loan Periodic Update File”: The data file in the “CREFC® Loan Periodic Update File” format substantially in the form of and containing the information called for therein for the Mortgage Loans, or such other form for the presentation of such information as may be approved from time to time by the CREFC® for commercial mortgage securities transactions generally.

 

CREFC®Loan Setup File”: The data file in the “CREFC® Loan Setup File” format substantially in the form of and containing the information called for therein for the Mortgage Loans, or such other form for the presentation of such information as may be approved from time to time by the CREFC® for commercial mortgage securities transactions generally.

 

CREFC®NOI Adjustment Worksheet”: The worksheet in the “NOI Adjustment Worksheet” format substantially in the form of and containing the information called for therein for the Mortgage Loans, or such other form for the presentation of such information as may be

 

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approved from time to time by the CREFC® for commercial mortgage securities transactions generally.

 

CREFC®Operating Statement Analysis Report”: The report in the “Operating Statement Analysis Report” format substantially in the form of and containing the information called for therein for the Mortgage Loans, or such other form for the presentation of such information as may be approved from time to time by the CREFC® for commercial mortgage securities transactions generally.

 

CREFC®Property File”: The data file in the “CREFC® Property File” format substantially in the form of and containing the information called for therein for the Mortgage Loans, or such other form for the presentation of such information as may be approved from time to time by the CREFC® for commercial mortgage securities transactions generally.

 

CREFC®Reconciliation of Funds Template”: A report substantially in the form of, and containing the information called for in, the downloadable form of the “Reconciliation of Funds Template” available and effective from time to time on the CREFC® Website, or such other form for the presentation of such information and containing such additional information as may from time to time be recommended by the CREFC® for commercial mortgage securities transactions generally.

 

CREFC®REO Liquidation Report”: A report substantially in the form of, and containing the information called for in, the downloadable form of the “REO Liquidation Report” available and effective from time to time on the CREFC®Website, or such other form for the presentation of such information and containing such additional information as may from time to time be recommended by the CREFC® for commercial mortgage securities transactions generally.

 

CREFC®REO Status Report”: The monthly report in the “REO Status Report” format substantially in the form of and containing the information called for therein for the Mortgage Loans, or such other form for the presentation of such information as may be approved from time to time by the CREFC® for commercial mortgage securities transactions generally.

 

CREFC®Servicer Realized Loss Template”: A report substantially in the form of, and containing the information called for in, the downloadable form of the “Servicer Realized Loss Template” available and effective from time to time on the CREFC® Website.

 

CREFC®Servicer Watch List”: A monthly report, as of each Determination Date, including and identifying each Non-Specially Serviced Loan satisfying the “CREFC® Portfolio Review Guidelines” approved from time to time by the CREFC® in the “CREFC® Servicer Watch List” format substantially in the form of and containing the information called for therein for the Mortgage Loans, or such other form (including other portfolio review guidelines) for the presentation of such information as may be approved from time to time by the CREFC® for commercial mortgage securities transactions generally.

 

CREFC®Special Servicer Loan File”: The data file in the “CREFC® Special Servicer Loan File” format substantially in the form of and containing the information called for therein for the Mortgage Loans, or such other form for the presentation of such information as

 

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may be approved from time to time by the CREFC® for commercial mortgage securities transactions generally.

 

CREFC®Total Loan Report”: A monthly report substantially in the form of, and containing the information called for in, the downloadable form of the “Total Loan Report” available as of the Closing Date on the CREFC® Website, or in such other form for the presentation of such information and containing such additional information as may from time to time be adopted by the CREFC® for commercial mortgage-backed securities transactions and is reasonably acceptable to the Master Servicer.

 

CREFC®Website”: The CREFC® Website located at “www.crefc.org” or such other primary website as the CREFC® may establish for dissemination of its report forms.

 

Cross-Over Date”: The first Distribution Date on which the Certificate Balances of the Subordinate Certificates have (calculated without giving effect to the Principal Distribution Amount on such Distribution Date) all previously been reduced to zero as a result of the allocation of Realized Losses to such Certificates.

 

Crossed Mortgage Loan Group”: Any two or more individual mortgage loans that are cross-collateralized and cross-defaulted with each other (it being understood that for the purposes of this Agreement each Crossed Mortgage Loan Group shall be treated as one Mortgage Loan). For the avoidance of doubt, there is no Crossed Mortgage Loan Group under this Agreement.

 

Crossed Underlying Loan”: With respect to any Crossed Mortgage Loan Group, a mortgage loan that is cross-collateralized and cross-defaulted with one or more other mortgage loans within such Crossed Mortgage Loan Group (it being understood that for the purposes of this Agreement each Crossed Mortgage Loan Group shall be treated as one Mortgage Loan). For the avoidance of doubt, there is no Crossed Underlying Loan under this Agreement.

 

Crossed Underlying Loan Repurchase Criteria”: With respect to any Crossed Mortgage Loan Group as to which one or more (but not all) of the Crossed Underlying Loans therein are affected by a Material Defect (the Crossed Underlying Loan(s) in such Crossed Mortgage Loan Group affected by such Material Defect, for purposes of this definition, the “affected Crossed Underlying Loans” and the other Crossed Underlying Loan(s) in such Crossed Mortgage Loan Group, for purposes of this definition, the “remaining Crossed Underlying Loans”) (i) the weighted average Debt Service Coverage Ratio for all the remaining Crossed Underlying Loans for the four most recently reported calendar quarters preceding the repurchase or substitution shall not be less than the greater of (a) the weighted average Debt Service Coverage Ratio for the entire such Crossed Mortgage Loan Group, including the affected Crossed Underlying Loan(s), for the four most recently reported calendar quarters preceding the repurchase or substitution, and (b) 1.25x, (ii) the weighted average LTV Ratio for all the remaining Crossed Underlying Loans determined at the time of repurchase or substitution based upon an Appraisal obtained by the Special Servicer at the expense of the related Mortgage Loan Seller shall not be greater than the least of (a) the weighted average LTV Ratio for the entire such Crossed Mortgage Loan Group, including the affected Crossed Underlying Loan(s), determined at the time of repurchase or substitution based upon an Appraisal obtained by the

 

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Special Servicer at the expense of the related Mortgage Loan Seller, (b) the weighted average LTV Ratio for the entire such Crossed Mortgage Loan Group, including the affected Crossed Underlying Loan(s), as of the Cut-off Date and (c) 75%, (iii) the related Mortgage Loan Seller, at its expense, shall have furnished the Trustee and the Certificate Administrator with an Opinion of Counsel that any modification relating to the repurchase or substitution of a Crossed Underlying Loan shall not cause an Adverse REMIC Event to occur, (iv) the related Mortgage Loan Seller causes the affected Crossed Underlying Loan to become not cross-collateralized and cross-defaulted with the remaining related Crossed Underlying Loans prior to such repurchase or substitution or otherwise forbears from exercising enforcement rights against the Primary Collateral for any Crossed Underlying Loan(s) remaining in the Trust (while the Trust forbears from exercising enforcement rights against the Primary Collateral for the Mortgage Loan removed from the Trust) and (v) (other than with respect to any Excluded Loan) unless a Control Termination Event has occurred and is continuing, the Directing Certificateholder shall have consented to the repurchase or substitution of the affected Crossed Underlying Loan, which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed.

 

CSMC 2015-GLPB Trust and Servicing Agreement”: The trust and servicing agreement, dated as of December 22, 2015, among Credit Suisse First Boston Mortgage Securities Corp., as depositor, KeyBank National Association, as master servicer, AEGON USA Realty Advisors, LLC, as special servicer, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as certificate administrator, and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as trustee, entered into in connection with the issuance of the Commercial Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates, Series 2015-GLPB

 

Cumulative Appraisal Reduction Amount”: As of any date of determination for any Mortgage Loan, the sum of (i) all Appraisal Reduction Amounts then in effect, and (ii) with respect to any AB Modified Loan, any Collateral Deficiency Amount then in effect. The Master Servicer and the Certificate Administrator shall be entitled to conclusively rely on the Special Servicer’s calculation or determination of any Cumulative Appraisal Reduction Amount.

 

Custodial Exception Report”: As defined inSection 2.02(b).

 

Custodian”: A Person who is at any time appointed by the Trustee pursuant toSection 8.11 as a document custodian for the Mortgage Files, which Person shall not be the Depositor, any of the Mortgage Loan Sellers or an Affiliate of any of them. The Certificate Administrator shall be the initial Custodian. Wells Fargo Bank, National Association will perform its duties as Custodian hereunder through its Document Custody division.

 

Cut-off Date”: With respect to each Mortgage Loan, the related Due Date of such Mortgage Loan in November 2016, or with respect to any Mortgage Loan that has its first Due Date in December 2016, the date that would have otherwise been the related Due Date in November 2016.

 

Cut-off Date Balance”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan, the outstanding principal balance of such Mortgage Loan, as of the Cut-off Date, after application of all payments of principal due on or before such date, whether or not received.

 

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DBRS”: DBRS, Inc., and its successors in interest. If neither DBRS nor any successor remains in existence, “DBRS” shall be deemed to refer to such other nationally recognized statistical rating agency or other comparable Person reasonably designated by the Depositor, notice of which designation shall be given to the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Master Servicer, the Directing Certificateholder and the Special Servicer and specific ratings of DBRS herein referenced shall be deemed to refer to the equivalent ratings of the party so designated.

 

Debt Service Coverage Ratio”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan, for any twelve-month period covered by an annual operating statement for the related Mortgaged Property, the ratio of (i) Net Operating Income produced by the related Mortgaged Property during such period to (ii) the aggregate amount of Periodic Payments (other than any Balloon Payment) due under such Mortgage Loan during such period;provided that with respect to the Mortgage Loans identified on Annex A-1 to the Prospectus as paying interest only for a specified period of time set forth in the related Mortgage Loan documents and then paying principal and interest, the related Periodic Payment will be calculated (for purposes of this definition only) to include interest and principal (based on the remaining amortization term indicated in the Mortgage Loan Schedule).

 

Default Interest”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan and any Collection Period, all interest accrued in respect of such Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan during such Collection Period provided for in the related Mortgage Note or Mortgage as a result of a default (exclusive of late payment charges) that is in excess of interest at the related Mortgage Rate accrued on the unpaid principal balance of such Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan outstanding from time to time.

 

Defaulted Loan”: A Mortgage Loan (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) or a Serviced Whole Loan (i) that is delinquent at least sixty (60) days in respect of its Periodic Payments or delinquent in respect of its Balloon Payment, if any, in either case such delinquency to be determined without giving effect to any Grace Period permitted by the related Mortgage or Mortgage Note and without regard to any acceleration of payments under the related Mortgage and Mortgage Note or (ii) as to which the Master Servicer or Special Servicer has, by written notice to the related Mortgagor, accelerated the maturity of the indebtedness evidenced by the related Mortgage Note. For the avoidance of doubt, a defaulted Companion Loan does not constitute a “Defaulted Loan”.

 

Defeasance Accounts”: As defined inSection 3.18(j).

 

Defect”: As defined inSection 2.02(f).

 

Deficient Exchange Act Deliverable”: With respect to the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Asset Representations Reviewer, the Custodian, the Certificate Administrator, the Trustee and each Servicing Function Participant and Additional Servicer retained by it (other than an Initial Sub-Servicer), any item (x) regarding such party, (y) prepared by such party or any registered public accounting firm, attorney or other agent retained by such party to prepare such information and (z) delivered by or on behalf of such party pursuant to the delivery requirements underArticle XI of this Agreement that does not conform

 

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to the applicable reporting requirements under the Securities Act, the Exchange Act, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.

 

Deficient Valuation”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan, as applicable, a valuation by a court of competent jurisdiction of the related Mortgaged Property in an amount less than the then outstanding principal balance of such Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan which valuation results from a proceeding initiated under the Bankruptcy Code.

 

Definitive Certificate”: Any Certificate in definitive, fully registered form without interest coupons. Initially, the Class R Certificates and any Certificate issued pursuant toSections 5.02(c) and (d) shall be Definitive Certificates.

 

Delinquent Loan”: A Mortgage Loan that is delinquent at least sixty (60) days in respect of its Periodic Payments or Balloon Payment, if any, in either case such delinquency to be determined without giving effect to any Grace Period.

 

Denomination”: With respect to any Certificate or any beneficial interest in a Certificate the amount (i) (a) set forth on the face thereof, (b) set forth on a schedule attached thereto or (c) in the case of any beneficial interest in a Book-Entry Certificate, the interest of the related Certificate Owner in the applicable Class of Certificates as reflected on the books and records of the Depository or related Depository Participant, as applicable, (ii) expressed in terms of initial Certificate Balance or initial Notional Amount, as applicable, and (iii) in an authorized denomination, as set forth inSection 5.01(a).

 

Depositor”: Credit Suisse Commercial Mortgage Securities Corp., a Delaware corporation, or its successor in interest.

 

Depository”: DTC, or any successor Depository hereafter named. The nominee of the initial Depository for purposes of registering those Certificates that are to be Book-Entry Certificates, is Cede & Co. The Depository shall at all times be a “clearing corporation” as defined in Section 8-102(3) of the UCC of the State of New York and a “clearing agency” registered pursuant to the provisions of Section 17A of the Exchange Act.

 

Depository Participant”: A broker, dealer, bank or other financial institution or other Person for whom from time to time the Depository effects book-entry transfers and pledges of securities deposited with the Depository.

 

Designated Servicing Documents”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan, collectively the following documents:

 

(1)          (A) a copy of the executed Note(s) for such Mortgage Loan (or, alternatively, if the original executed Note(s) have been lost, a copy of a lost note affidavit and indemnity with a copy of such Note(s)), and (B) in the case of a Serviced Whole Loan, a copy of the executed Note(s) for the related Companion Loan;

 

(2)          a copy of the related Loan Agreement, if any;

 

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(3)          a copy of the Mortgage;

 

(4)          a copy of the lock box agreement or cash management agreement, if any, relating to such Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan, if any;

 

(5)          any pre-funding insurance review documentation and insurance certificates (for insurance policies other than title insurance policy and environmental policy) or a marked up commitment therefor;

 

(6)          a copy of any related title insurance policy or a marked up commitment therefor;

 

(7)          a copy of any environmental insurance policy or a marked up commitment therefor;

 

(8)          legal description of the related Mortgaged Property;

 

(9)          a copy of the related escrow agreement and the related security agreement (in each case, if such item is a document separate from the Loan Agreement and the Mortgage);

 

(10)        a copy of the agreement governing post-closing obligations (if such item is a document separate from the Loan Agreement and the Mortgage), if any;

 

(11)        a copy of the closing statement and/or sources and uses statement;

 

(12)        the related Mortgage Loan Seller’s asset summary, if any (provided that the delivery of such item shall not result in any liability to the related Mortgage Loan Seller);

 

(13)        the related Mortgagor tax ID;

 

(14)        a copy of an approved operating budget, if applicable;

 

(15)        a copy of the related Ground Lease relating to such Mortgage Loan, if any; and

 

(16)       in the case of a Serviced Whole Loan or a Mortgage Loan with related mezzanine debt, a copy of the related Intercreditor Agreement(s).

 

Designated Site”: The internet website used by the Depositor and Mortgage Loan Sellers to accept and upload the Diligence Files.

 

Determination Date”: With respect to any Distribution Date, the eleventh (11th) day of each calendar month (or, if the eleventh (11th) calendar day of that month is not a Business Day, then the next Business Day, commencing in December 2016.

 

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Diligence File”: With respect to each Mortgage Loan and any related Companion Loan(s), if applicable, collectively the following documents in electronic format:

 

(a)         A copy of each of the following documents:

 

(i)          the Mortgage Note, endorsed on its face or by allonge attached to the Mortgage Note, without recourse, to the order of the Trustee or in blank and further showing a complete, unbroken chain of endorsement from the originator (or, if the original Mortgage Note has been lost, an affidavit to such effect from the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller or another prior holder, together with a copy of the Mortgage Note and an indemnity properly assigned and endorsed to the Trustee);

 

(ii)         the Mortgage, together with a copy of any intervening Assignments of Mortgage, in each case with evidence of recording indicated thereon or certified to have been submitted for recording (if in the possession of the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller);

 

(iii)        any related Assignment of Leases and of any intervening assignments (if such item is a document separate from the Mortgage), with evidence of recording indicated thereon or certified to have been submitted for recording (if in the possession of the applicable mortgage loan seller);

 

(iv)        all modification, consolidation, assumption, written assurance and substitution agreements in those instances in which the terms or provisions of the Mortgage or Mortgage Note have been modified or the Mortgage Loan has been assumed or consolidated;

 

(v)         the policy or certificate of lender’s title insurance of such Mortgage Loan, or, if such policy has not been issued or located, an irrevocable, binding commitment (which may be a marked version of the policy that has been executed by an authorized representative of the title company or an agreement to provide the same pursuant to binding escrow instructions executed by an authorized representative of the title company) to issue such title insurance policy;

 

(vi)        any UCC Financing Statements, related amendments and continuation statements in the possession of the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller;

 

(vii)       any Intercreditor Agreement relating to permitted debt of the Mortgagor, including any Intercreditor Agreement relating to a Serviced Whole Loan or a Mortgage Loan with any related mezzanine debt;

 

(viii)      any loan agreement, escrow agreement, security agreement or letter of credit relating to such Mortgage Loan or a related Serviced Whole Loan;

 

(ix)        any ground lease, related ground lessor estoppel, indemnity or guaranty relating to a Mortgage Loan or a related Serviced Whole Loan;

 

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(x)         any property management agreement relating to such Mortgage Loan or a related Serviced Whole Loan;

 

(xi)        any franchise agreements and comfort letters or similar agreements relating to a Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan and, with respect to any franchise agreement, comfort letter or similar agreement, any assignment of such agreements or any notice to the franchisor of the transfer of a Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan and a request for confirmation that the Trust is a beneficiary of such comfort letter or other agreement, or for the issuance of a new comfort letter in favor of the Trust, as the case may be;

 

(xii)       any lock-box or cash management agreement relating to a Mortgage Loan or a Serviced Whole Loan;

 

(xiii)      all related environmental reports; and

 

(xiv)      all related environmental insurance policies;

 

(b)         a copy of any engineering reports or property condition reports;

 

(c)         other than with respect to a hotel property (except with respect to tenanted commercial space within a hotel property), copies of a rent roll;

 

(d)         for any office, retail, industrial or warehouse property, a copy of all leases and estoppels and subordination and non-disturbance agreements delivered to the related Mortgage Loan Seller;

 

(e)          a copy of all legal opinions (excluding attorney-client communications between the related Mortgage Loan Seller, and its counsel that are privileged communications or constitute legal or other due diligence analyses), if any, delivered in connection with the closing of the related Mortgage Loan;

 

(f)           a copy of (i) all Mortgagor’s certificates of hazard insurance and/or (ii) hazard insurance policies or other applicable insurance policies (to the extent not previously included as part of this definition), in each case, if any, delivered in connection with the closing of the related Mortgage Loan;

 

(g)          a copy of the appraisal for the related Mortgaged Property or Mortgaged Properties;

 

(h)          for any Mortgage Loan that one or more Mortgaged Properties is leased to a single tenant, a copy of the related lease;

 

(i)           a copy of the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller’s asset summary;

 

(j)           a copy of all surveys for the related Mortgaged Property or Mortgaged Properties;

 

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(k)          a copy of all zoning reports;

 

(l)           a copy of financial statements of the related Mortgagor;

 

(m)         a copy of operating statements for the related Mortgaged Property or Mortgaged Properties;

 

(n)          a copy of all UCC searches;

 

(o)          a copy of all litigation searches;

 

(p)          a copy of all bankruptcy searches;

 

(q)          a copy of the origination settlement statement;

 

(r)          a copy of any Insurance Consultant Report;

 

(s)          a copy of the organizational documents of the related Mortgagor and any guarantor;

 

(t)           a copy of any escrow statements related to the escrow account balances as of the Mortgage Loan origination date;

 

(u)          a copy of any closure letter (environmental); and

 

(v)          a copy of any environmental remediation agreement for the related Mortgaged Property or Mortgaged Properties.

 

in each case, to the extent that the originator received such documents or information in connection with the origination of such Mortgage Loan. In the event any of the items identified above were not included or obtained in connection with the origination of such Mortgage Loan, the Diligence File shall include a statement to that effect;provided that no information that is proprietary to the related originator or Mortgage Loan Seller or any draft documents or privileged or internal communications shall constitute part of the Diligence File. It is not required to include any of the same items identified above again if such items have already been included under another clause of the definition of “Diligence File”, and the Diligence File shall include a statement to that effect. The Mortgage Loan Seller may, without any obligation to do so, include such other documents or information as part of the Diligence File that such Mortgage Loan Seller believes should be included to enable the Asset Representations Reviewer to perform the Asset Review on such Mortgage Loan;provided that such documents or information are clearly labeled and identified.

 

Diligence File Certificate”: As defined inSection 2.01(h).

 

Directing Certificateholder”: The initial Directing Certificateholder shall be RREF III Debt AIV, LP. Thereafter, the Directing Certificateholder shall be the Controlling Class Certificateholder (or a representative thereof) selected by more than 50% of the Controlling Class Certificateholders, (by Certificate Balance, as determined by the Certificate

 

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Registrar from time to time);provided,however, that (i) absent that selection, or (ii) until a Directing Certificateholder is so selected or (iii) upon receipt of a notice from a majority of the Controlling Class Certificateholders, by Certificate Balance, that a Directing Certificateholder is no longer designated, the Controlling Class Certificateholder that owns the largest aggregate Certificate Balance of the Controlling Class (or a representative thereof) will be the Directing Certificateholder;provided,however, that, in the case ofclause (iii), in the event that no one Holder owns the largest aggregate Certificate Balance of the Controlling Class, (i) then there will be no Directing Certificateholder until appointed in accordance with the terms of this Agreement and (ii) the Certificate Administrator and the other parties hereto shall be entitled to assume that the identity of the Directing Certificateholder has not changed until such parties receive written notice of a replacement of the Directing Certificateholder from a party holding the requisite interest in the Controlling Class (as confirmed by the Certificate Registrar), or the resignation of the then-current Directing Certificateholder. After the occurrence and during the continuance of a Control Termination Event, the Directing Certificateholder shall only retain its consultation rights to the extent specifically provided herein. After the occurrence of a Consultation Termination Event, there will be no Directing Certificateholder. The Depositor shall promptly provide the name and contact information for the initial Directing Certificateholder upon request of any party to this Agreement and any such requesting party may conclusively rely on the name and contact information provided by the Depositor. In the event the Controlling Class Certificateholder has elected to irrevocably waive its right to appoint a Directing Certificateholder or to exercise any of the rights of the Controlling Class Certificateholder, there will be no Directing Certificateholder and no party will be entitled to exercise any of the rights of the Directing Certificateholder until such time as a Controlling Class Certificateholder is reinstated pursuant toSection 3.23(l) hereof and a new Directing Certificateholder is appointed in accordance with the terms hereof.

 

Directly Operate”: With respect to any REO Property (except with respect to a Non-Serviced Mortgaged Property), the furnishing or rendering of services to the tenants thereof, that are not customarily provided to tenants in connection with the rental of space “for occupancy only” within the meaning of Treasury Regulations Section 1.512(b)-1(c)(5), the management or operation of such REO Property, the holding of such REO Property primarily for sale to customers, the use of such REO Property in a trade or business conducted by the Trust or on behalf of a Companion Holder or the performance of any construction work on the REO Property (other than the completion of a building or improvement, where more than 10% of the construction of such building or improvement was completed before default became imminent), other than through an Independent Contractor;provided,however, that an REO Property shall not be considered to be Directly Operated solely because the Trustee (or the Special Servicer on behalf of the Trustee) establishes rental terms, chooses tenants, enters into or renews leases, deals with taxes and insurance or makes decisions as to repairs or capital expenditures with respect to such REO Property or takes other actions consistent with Treasury Regulations Section 1.856-4(b)(5)(ii).

 

Disclosable Special Servicer Fees”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan (other than any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) and any related Serviced Companion Loan (including any related REO Property), any compensation and other remuneration (including, without limitation, in the form of commissions, brokerage fees, or rebates, or as a result of any other fee-sharing arrangement) received or retained by the Special Servicer or any of its Affiliates that

 

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is paid by any Person (including, without limitation, the Trust, any Mortgagor, any manager, any guarantor or indemnitor in respect of a Mortgage Loan or Serviced Companion Loan and any purchaser of any Mortgage Loan or Serviced Companion Loan or REO Property) in connection with the disposition, workout or foreclosure of any Mortgage Loan (other than any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan), the management or disposition of any REO Property, and the performance by the Special Servicer or any such Affiliate of any other special servicing duties under this Agreement, other than (1) any Permitted Special Servicer/Affiliate Fees and (2) any compensation to which the Special Servicer is entitled pursuant toSection 3.11of this Agreement.

 

Disclosure Parties”: As defined inSection 3.13(e).

 

Dispute Resolution Consultation”: As defined inSection 2.03(l)(iii).

 

Dispute Resolution Cut-off Date”: As defined inSection 2.03(l)(i).

 

Disqualified Non-U.S. Tax Person”: With respect to the Class R Certificates, any Non-U.S. Tax Person or its agent other than (a) a Non-U.S. Tax Person that holds the Class R Certificates in connection with the conduct of a trade or business within the United States and has furnished the transferor and the Certificate Registrar with an effective IRS Form W-8ECI or (b) a Non-U.S. Tax Person that has delivered to both the transferor and the Certificate Administrator an opinion of a nationally recognized tax counsel to the effect that the transfer of the Class R Certificates to it is in accordance with the requirements of the Code and the regulations promulgated thereunder and that such transfer of the Class R Certificates will not be disregarded for federal income tax purposes.

 

Disqualified Organization”: Any of (i) the United States, any State or political subdivision thereof, any possession of the United States or any agency or instrumentality of any of the foregoing (other than an instrumentality which is a corporation if all of its activities are subject to tax and, except for Freddie Mac, a majority of its board of directors is not selected by such governmental unit), (ii) a foreign government, any international organization or any agency or instrumentality of any of the foregoing, (iii) any organization (other than certain farmers’ cooperatives described in Section 521 of the Code) which is exempt from the tax imposed by Chapter 1 of the Code (including the tax imposed by Section 511 of the Code on unrelated business taxable income) on any excess inclusions (as defined in Section 860E(c)(1) of the Code) with respect to the Class R Certificates (except certain farmers’ cooperatives described in Section 521 of the Code), (iv) rural electric and telephone cooperatives described in Section 1381(a)(2)(C) of the Code, (v) an “electing large partnership,” as defined in Section 775 of the Code and (vi) any other Person so designated by the Trustee or the Certificate Administrator based upon an Opinion of Counsel as provided to the Trustee or the Certificate Administrator (at no expense to the Trustee or the Certificate Administrator) that the holding of an Ownership Interest in a Class R Certificate by such Person may cause any Trust REMIC to fail to qualify as a REMIC at any time that the Certificates are outstanding or any Person having an Ownership Interest in any Class of Certificates (other than such Person) to incur a liability for any federal tax imposed under the Code that would not otherwise be imposed but for the Transfer of an Ownership Interest in a Class R Certificate to such Person. The terms “United States,”

 

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“State” and “international organization” shall have the meanings set forth in Section 7701 of the Code or successor provisions.

 

Distribution Accounts”: Collectively, the Upper-Tier REMIC Distribution Account and the Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account (and in each case any subaccount thereof), all of which may be subaccounts of a single Eligible Account.

 

Distribution Date”: The fourth (4th) Business Day following each Determination Date, beginning in December 2016. The initial Distribution Date shall be December 16, 2016.

 

Distribution Date Statement”: As defined inSection 4.02(a).

 

Do Not Hire List”: The list, as may be updated at any time, provided by the Depositor to the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Certificate Administrator, the Trustee, the Operating Advisor or the Asset Representations Reviewer, which lists certain parties identified by the Depositor as having failed to comply (after any applicable cure period) with their respective obligations under Article XI of this Agreement or as having failed to comply (after any applicable cure period) with any similar Regulation AB reporting requirements under any other securitization transaction. For the avoidance of doubt, as of the Closing Date, no parties appear on the Do Not Hire List.

 

DTC”: The Depository Trust Company, a New York corporation.

 

Due Date”: With respect to (i) any Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan, as applicable, on or prior to its Maturity Date, the day of the month set forth in the related Mortgage Note on which each Periodic Payment thereon is scheduled to be first due, (ii) any Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan, as applicable, after the Maturity Date therefor, the day of the month set forth in the related Mortgage Note on which each Periodic Payment on such Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan, as applicable, had been scheduled to be first due, and (iii) any REO Loan, the day of the month set forth in the related Mortgage Note on which each Periodic Payment on the related Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan, as applicable, had been scheduled to be first due.

 

EDGAR”: As defined inSection 11.03.

 

EDGAR-Compatible Format”: Any format compatible with EDGAR, including HTML, Word or clean, searchable PDFs.

 

Eligible Account”: Any of the following: (i) a segregated account or accounts maintained with a federal or state chartered depository institution or trust company (including the Trustee or the Certificate Administrator), (A) the long -term unsecured debt obligations of which are rated at least “A2” by Moody’s, if the deposits are to be held in such account for thirty (30) days or more, and the short-term debt obligations of which have a short-term rating of not less than “P-1” by Moody’s, if the deposits are to be held in such account for less than thirty (30) days, (B) the long-term unsecured debt obligations of which are rated at least “A” by Fitch (to the extent rated by Fitch), if the deposits are to be held in such account for thirty (30) days or more and the short-term debt obligations have a short-term rating of not less than “F1” by Fitch (to the extent rated by Fitch), if the deposits are to be held in such account for less than thirty

 

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(30) days; and (C) the long-term unsecured debt obligations of which are rated at least “A” by DBRS (if then rated by DBRS, or if not rated by DBRS, an equivalent rating (or higher) by at least two (2) NRSROs (which may include Moody’s and/or Fitch) or such other rating confirmed in a Rating Agency Confirmation), if the deposits are to be held in such account for thirty (30) days or more, and the short-term debt obligations of which have a short-term rating of not less than “R-1(middle)” from DBRS (if then rated by DBRS, or if not rated by DBRS, an equivalent rating (or higher) by at least two (2) NRSROs (which may include Moody’s and/or Fitch) or such other rating confirmed in a Rating Agency Confirmation), if the deposits are to be held in such account for less than thirty (30) days; (ii) an account or accounts maintained with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association so long as Wells Fargo Bank, National Association’s long-term unsecured debt rating shall be at least “A2” by Moody’s (if the deposits are to be held in the account for more than thirty (30) days) and “A” by Fitch (if the deposits are to be held in the account for more than thirty (30) days) and “A” from DBRS (if then rated by DBRS, or if not rated by DBRS, an equivalent rating (or higher) by at least two (2) NRSROs (which may include Moody’s and/or Fitch) or such other rating confirmed in a Rating Agency Confirmation) or Wells Fargo Bank, National Association’s short-term deposit or short-term unsecured debt rating shall be at least “P-1” by Moody’s (if the deposits are to be held in the account for thirty (30) days or less), “F2” by Fitch (if the deposits are to be held in the account for thirty (30) days or less) and “R-1 (middle)” from DBRS (if then rated by DBRS, or if not rated by DBRS, an equivalent rating (or higher) by at least two (2) NRSROs (which may include Moody’s and/or Fitch) or such other rating confirmed in a Rating Agency Confirmation); (iii) such other account or accounts that, but for the failure to satisfy one or more of the minimum rating(s) set forth in the applicable clause, would be listed inclauses (i)(ii) above, with respect to which a Rating Agency Confirmation has been obtained from each Rating Agency for which the minimum ratings set forth in the applicable clause is not satisfied with respect to such account, which account may be an account maintained by or with the Certificate Administrator, the Trustee, the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer; (iv) any other account or accounts not listed inclauses (i)(iii) above with respect to which a Rating Agency Confirmation has been obtained from each and every Rating Agency and a confirmation of the applicable rating agencies that such action will not result in the downgrade, withdrawal or qualification of its then-current ratings of any securities related to a Companion Loan, if any (provided that such rating agency confirmation may be considered satisfied in the same manner as any Rating Agency Confirmation may be considered satisfied with respect to the Certificates pursuant toSection 3.25), which account may be an account maintained by or with the Certificate Administrator, the Trustee, the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer; or (v) a segregated trust account or accounts maintained with the corporate trust department of a federal or state chartered depository institution or trust company that has a long-term unsecured debt rating of at least “A2” from Moody’s (if the deposits are to be held in the account for more than thirty (30) days) or a short-term unsecured debt rating of at least “P-1” from Moody’s (if the deposits are to be held in the account for thirty (30) days or less) and that, in either case, has corporate trust powers, acting in its fiduciary capacity,provided that any state chartered depository institution or trust company is subject to regulation regarding fiduciary funds substantially similar to 12 C.F.R. § 9.10(b). Eligible Accounts may bear interest. No Eligible Account shall be evidenced by a certificate of deposit, passbook or other similar instrument.

 

Eligible Asset Representations Reviewer”: An institution that (a) is the special servicer, operating advisor or asset representations reviewer on a transaction rated by any of

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Moody’s, Fitch, KBRA, DBRS, S&P and Morningstar and that has not been a special servicer, operating advisor or asset representations reviewer on a transaction for which Moody’s, Fitch, KBRA, DBRS, S&P and Morningstar has qualified, downgraded or withdrawn its rating or ratings of, one or more classes of certificates for such transaction citing servicing or other relevant concerns with the special servicer, operating advisor or asset representations reviewer, as applicable, as the sole or material factor in such rating action, (b) can and will make the representations and warranties set forth inSection 6.01(d), (c) is not (and is not affiliated with) a Sponsor, a Mortgage Loan Seller, any originator, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Depositor, the Certificate Administrator, the Trustee, the Directing Certificateholder or any of their respective Affiliates, (d) has not performed (and is not affiliated with any party hired to perform) any due diligence, loan underwriting, brokerage, borrower advisory or similar services with respect to any Mortgage Loan or any related Companion Loan prior to the Closing Date for or on behalf of any Sponsor, any Mortgage Loan Seller, any Underwriter, any party to this Agreement or the Directing Certificateholder or any of their respective Affiliates, or have been paid any fees, compensation or other remuneration by any of them in connection with any such services, and (e) that does not directly or indirectly, through one or more Affiliates or otherwise, own any interest in any Certificates, any Mortgage Loans, any Companion Loan or any securities backed by a Companion Loan or otherwise have any financial interest in the securitization transaction to which this Agreement relates, other than in fees from its role as Asset Representations Reviewer (or as Operating Advisor, if applicable).

 

Eligible Operating Advisor”: An institution (a) that is a special servicer or operating advisor on a commercial mortgage-backed securities transaction rated by Moody’s, Fitch and/or DBRS (including, in the case of the Operating Advisor, this transaction) but has not been special servicer or operating advisor on a transaction for which any Rating Agency has qualified, downgraded or withdrawn its rating or ratings of, one or more classes of certificates for such transaction citing servicing or other relevant concerns with the special servicer or operating advisor, as applicable, as the sole or a material factor in such rating action; (b) that can and will make the representations and warranties of the Operating Advisor set forth inSection 6.01(c) of this Agreement; (c) that is not (and is not affiliated with) the Depositor, the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, a Mortgage Loan Seller, the Directing Certificateholder, or a depositor, a trustee, a certificate administrator, a master servicer or a special servicer with respect to the securitization of a Companion Loan, or any of their respective Affiliates; (d) that has not been paid by any Special Servicer or successor Special Servicer any fees, compensation or other remuneration (x) in respect of its obligations hereunder or (y) for the appointment or recommendation for replacement of a successor Special Servicer to become the Special Servicer; and (e) that (x) has been regularly engaged in the business of analyzing and advising clients in commercial mortgage-backed securities matters and has at least five (5) years of experience in collateral analysis and loss projections, and (y) has at least five (5) years of experience in commercial real estate asset management and experience in the workout and management of distressed commercial real estate assets.

 

Enforcing Party”: The person obligated to or that elects pursuant toSection 2.03 to enforce the rights of the Trust against the related Mortgage Loan Seller with respect to the Repurchase Request.

 

Enforcing Servicer”: As defined inSection 2.03 of this Agreement.

 

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Environmental Assessment”: An “environmental site assessment” as such term is defined in, and meeting the criteria of, the American Society of Testing Materials Standard Section E 1527-00, or any successor thereto.

 

Environmental Indemnity Agreement”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan, any agreement between the Mortgagor (or a guarantor thereof) and the originator of such Mortgage Loan relating to the Mortgagor’s obligation to remediate or monitor or indemnify for any environmental problems relating to the related Mortgaged Property.

 

ERISA”: The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended.

 

ERISA Restricted Certificate”: Any Certificate (other than a Class R Certificate) that does not meet the requirements of Prohibited Transaction Exemption 89-90 (as such exemption may be amended from time to time) as of the date of the acquisition of such Certificate by a Plan. As of the Closing Date, each of the Class E, Class F and Class NR Certificates is an ERISA Restricted Certificate.

 

Escrow Payment”: Any payment received by the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer for the account of any Mortgagor for application toward the payment of real estate taxes, assessments, insurance premiums, ground lease rents and similar items in respect of the related Mortgaged Property, including amounts for deposit to any reserve account.

 

Euroclear”: The Euroclear System or any successor thereto.

 

Excess Modification Fee Amount”: With respect to either the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, any Corrected Loan and any particular modification, waiver, extension or amendment with respect to such Corrected Loan that gives rise to the payment of a Workout Fee, an amount equal to the aggregate of any Excess Modification Fees paid by or on behalf of the related Mortgagor with respect to the related Mortgage Loan (and each related Serviced Companion Loan, unless prohibited under the related Intercreditor Agreement) and received and retained by the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, as compensation within the prior twelve (12) months of such modification, waiver, extension or amendment, but only to the extent those fees have not previously been deducted from a Workout Fee or Liquidation Fee and, as provided inSection 3.11(c), only after the Special Servicer has received $25,000 in Workout Fees with respect to such Corrected Loan.

 

Excess Modification Fees”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan (other than any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) or Serviced Whole Loan, the sum of (A) the excess, if any, of (i) any and all Modification Fees with respect to a modification, waiver, extension or amendment of any of the terms of such Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan, as applicable, over (ii) all unpaid or unreimbursed additional expenses (including, without limitation, reimbursement of Advances and interest on Advances to the extent not otherwise paid or reimbursed by the Mortgagor but excluding Special Servicing Fees, Workout Fees and Liquidation Fees) outstanding or previously incurred on behalf of the Trust with respect to the related Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan, as applicable, and reimbursed from such Modification Fees and (B) expenses previously paid or reimbursed from Modification Fees as described in the precedingclause (A), which expenses have been recovered from the related Mortgagor or

 

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otherwise. With respect to each of the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer, the Excess Modification Fees collected and earned by such Person from the related Mortgagor (taken in the aggregate with any other Excess Modification Fees collected and earned by such Person from the related Mortgagor within the prior twelve (12) months of the collection of the current Excess Modification Fees) will be subject to a cap of the greater of (i) 1.0% of the outstanding principal balance of the related Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan, as applicable, on the closing date of the related modification, extension, waiver or amendment (after giving effect to such modification, extension, waiver or amendment) and (ii) $25,000.

 

Excess Prepayment Interest Shortfall”: The aggregate of any Prepayment Interest Shortfalls resulting from any principal prepayments made on the Mortgage Loans to be included in the Available Funds for any Distribution Date that are not covered by the Master Servicer’s Compensating Interest Payment for the related Distribution Date and the portion of the compensating interest payments allocable to the Non-Serviced Mortgage Loans to the extent received from the Non-Serviced Master Servicer.

 

Exchange Act”: The Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended from time to time and the rules and regulations of the Commission thereunder.

 

Excluded Controlling Class Holder”: With respect to any Excluded Controlling Class Loan and/or Excluded Loan, the Directing Certificateholder or any Controlling Class Certificateholder, as applicable, that is a Borrower Party with respect to such Excluded Controlling Class Loan and/or Excluded Loan. Immediately upon obtaining actual knowledge of the Directing Certificateholder or any Controlling Class Certificateholder becoming an “Excluded Controlling Class Holder”, such Directing Certificateholder or Controlling Class Certificateholder, as applicable, shall provide notice in the form ofExhibit P-1E hereto to the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Trustee and the Certificate Administrator, which notice shall be physically delivered in accordance withSection 13.05 of this Agreement and shall specifically identify the Excluded Controlling Class Holder and identifying the related Mortgage Loan, specifying whether it is (A) an Excluded Controlling Class Loan or (B) both an Excluded Loan and an Excluded Controlling Class Loan. Additionally, any Excluded Controlling Class Holder shall also send to the Certificate Administrator a notice substantially in the form ofExhibit P-1F hereto, which notice shall provide each of the CTSLink User ID associated with such Excluded Controlling Class Holder, and which notice shall direct the Certificate Administrator to restrict such Excluded Controlling Class Holder’s access to the Certificate Administrator’s Website as and to the extent provided in this Agreement. As of the Closing Date, there are no Excluded Controlling Class Holders related to this Trust.

 

Excluded Controlling Class Loan”: Any Mortgage Loan or Whole Loan with respect to which, as of any date of determination, the Directing Certificateholder or any Controlling Class Certificateholder is a Borrower Party. For the avoidance of doubt, if a Mortgage Loan or Whole Loan is not an Excluded Controlling Class Loan, such Mortgage Loan or Whole Loan is also not an Excluded Loan. As of the Closing Date, there are no Excluded Controlling Class Loans related to the Trust.

 

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Excluded Information”: With respect to any Excluded Controlling Class Loan, any information solely related to such Excluded Controlling Class Loan, which shall include the Asset Status Reports, Final Asset Status Reports (or summaries thereof), any inspection reports related to Specially Serviced Loans conducted by a Special Servicer or any Excluded Special Servicer and which may include any Operating Advisor reports delivered to the Certificate Administrator regarding a Special Servicer’s net present value determination or any Appraisal Reduction Amount calculations delivered pursuant toSection 3.26(d) andSection 3.26(e), and any Officer’s Certificates delivered by the Trustee, the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, supporting any determination that any Advance was (or, if made, would be) a Nonrecoverable Advance, or such other information and reports designated as Excluded Information by the Special Servicer, the Master Servicer or the Operating Advisor, as applicable, but in each case other than information with respect to such Excluded Controlling Class Loan that is aggregated with information of other Mortgage Loans at a pool level. For the avoidance of doubt, any file or report contained in the CREFC® Investor Reporting Package (CREFC® IRP) (other than the CREFC® Special Servicer Loan File relating to any Excluded Controlling Class Loan) shall not be considered “Excluded Information”. Each of the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer or the Operating Advisor shall deliver any Excluded Information to the Certificate Administrator in accordance withSection 3.33hereof. For the avoidance of doubt, the Certificate Administrator’s obligation to segregate any information delivered to it under the “Excluded Information” tab on the Certificate Administrator’s Website shall be triggered solely by such information being delivered in the manner provided inSection 3.33 hereof.

 

Excluded Loan”: Any Mortgage Loan or Whole Loan if, as of any date of determination, the Directing Certificateholder or the Holder of the majority of the Controlling Class is a Borrower Party. For the avoidance of doubt, any Excluded Loan is also an Excluded Controlling Class Loan. As of the Closing Date, there are no Excluded Loans related to the Trust.

 

Excluded Special Servicer”: With respect any Excluded Special Servicer Loan, a special servicer that is not a Borrower Party and satisfies all of the eligibility requirements applicable to the Special Servicer set forth inSection 7.01(g). As of the Closing Date, there are no Excluded Special Servicers related to this Trust.

 

Excluded Special Servicer Information”: With respect to any Excluded Special Servicer Loan, any information solely related to such Excluded Special Servicer Loan and/or the related Mortgaged Properties, which shall include the Asset Status Reports, Final Asset Status Reports (or summaries thereof), any Operating Advisor reports to the Certificate Administrator regarding an Excluded Special Servicer’s net present value determination, any Appraisal Reduction Amount calculations delivered pursuant toSection 3.26(d)andSection 3.26(e), and any Officer’s Certificates delivered by the Master Servicer or the applicable Excluded Special Servicer supporting any determination that any Advance was (or, if made, would be) a Nonrecoverable Advance, or such other information and reports designated as Excluded Special Servicer Information by the applicable Excluded Special Servicer, the Master Servicer or the Operating Advisor, as applicable. For the avoidance of doubt, any file or report contained in the CREFC®Investor Reporting Package (CREFC® IRP) (other than the CREFC® Special Servicer Loan File relating to any Excluded Special Servicer Loan) shall not be considered “Excluded Special Servicer Information”.

 

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Excluded Special Servicer Loan”: Any Mortgage Loan or Whole Loan with respect to which, as of any date of determination, the Special Servicer is a Borrower Party. For the avoidance of doubt, there are no Excluded Special Servicer Loans related to the Trust as of the Closing Date.

 

Extended Cure Period”: As defined inSection 2.03(b).

 

Fannie Mae”: Federal National Mortgage Association or any successor thereto.

 

FDIC”: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any successor thereto.

 

Final Asset Status Report”: With respect to any Specially Serviced Loan, each related Asset Status Report, together with such other data or supporting information provided by the Special Servicer to the Directing Certificateholder which does not include any communication (other than the related Asset Status Report) between the Special Servicer and Directing Certificateholder with respect to such Specially Serviced Loan;provided that, with respect to any Mortgage Loan other than an Excluded Loan, so long as a Control Termination Event has not occurred and is not continuing, no Asset Status Report shall be considered to be a Final Asset Status Report unless the Directing Certificateholder has either finally approved of and consented to the actions proposed to be taken in connection therewith, or has exhausted all of its rights of approval and consent pursuant toSection 3.19, or has been deemed to have approved or consented to such action or the Asset Status Report is otherwise implemented by the Special Servicer in accordance with this Agreement.

 

Final Dispute Resolution Election Notice”: As defined inSection 2.03(l)(iii).

 

Final Recovery Determination”: A reasonable determination by the Special Servicer, in consultation with the Directing Certificateholder if related to a Mortgage Loan other than an Excluded Loan and made prior to the occurrence of a Consultation Termination Event, with respect to any Defaulted Loan (and, if applicable, any defaulted Companion Loan) or Corrected Loan or REO Property (other than a Mortgage Loan or REO Property, as the case may be, that was purchased by (i) any of the Mortgage Loan Sellers pursuant to Section 6 of the applicable Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement, (ii) the Special Servicer or other person pursuant toSection 3.16(b), any Companion Holder or any mezzanine lender pursuant toSection 3.16 or (iii) the Master Servicer, Special Servicer, the Holders of the Controlling Class, or the Holders of the Class R Certificates pursuant toSection 9.01) that there has been a recovery of all Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds, Liquidation Proceeds, REO Revenue and other payments or recoveries that, in the Special Servicer’s judgment, which judgment was exercised without regard to any obligation of the Special Servicer to make payments from its own funds pursuant toSection 3.07(b), will ultimately be recoverable. With respect to all Mortgage Loans other than Excluded Loans, prior to the occurrence and continuance of any Control Termination Event, the Directing Certificateholder shall have ten (10) Business Days to review and approve each such recovery determination by the Special Servicer;provided,however, that if the Directing Certificateholder fails to approve or disapprove any recovery determination within ten (10) Business Days of receipt of the initial recovery determination, such consent shall be deemed given.

 

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Fitch”: Fitch Ratings, Inc., and its successors in interest. If neither Fitch nor any successor remains in existence, “Fitch” shall be deemed to refer to such other nationally recognized statistical rating agency or other comparable Person reasonably designated by the Depositor, notice of which designation shall be given to the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Master Servicer, the Directing Certificateholder and the Special Servicer, and specific ratings of Fitch herein referenced shall be deemed to refer to the equivalent ratings of the party so designated.

 

Form 8-K Disclosure Information”: As defined inSection 11.07.

 

Form 15 Suspension Notification”: As defined inSection 11.08.

 

Freddie Mac”: Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation or any successor thereto.

 

Gain-on-Sale Entitlement Amount” With respect to each Distribution Date, an amount equal to the aggregate amount of (i) the sum of (a) the aggregate portion of the Interest Distribution Amount for each Class of Regular Certificates that would remain unpaid as of the close of business on the related Distribution Date, and (b) the amount by which the Principal Distribution Amount exceeds the aggregate amount that would actually be distributed on the related Distribution Date in respect of such Principal Distribution Amount, and (ii) any Realized Losses outstanding immediately after such Distribution Date, to the extent such amounts would occur on such Distribution Date or would be outstanding immediately after such Distribution Date, as applicable, without the inclusion of the Gain-on-Sale Remittance Amount as part of the definition of Available Funds.

 

Gain-on-Sale Proceeds”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan (other than any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan), the excess of (i) Liquidation Proceeds net of any related Liquidation Expenses (or the portion of such net Liquidation Proceeds payable to the related Mortgage Loan pursuant to the related Intercreditor Agreement) over (ii) the Purchase Price for such Mortgage Loan on the date on which Liquidation Proceeds were received.

 

Gain-on-Sale Remittance Amount”: With respect to each Distribution Date, an amount equal to the lesser of (i) the amount on deposit in the Gain-on-Sale Reserve Account on such Distribution Date, and (ii) the Gain-on-Sale Entitlement Amount.

 

Gain-on-Sale Reserve Account”: A custodial account or accounts (or subaccount of the Distribution Account) created and maintained by the Certificate Administrator, pursuant toSection 3.04(e) on behalf of the Trustee for the benefit of the Certificateholders, which shall initially be entitled “Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as Certificate Administrator, on behalf of Wilmington Trust, National Association, as Trustee, for the benefit of the registered holders of CSAIL 2016-C7 Commercial Mortgage Trust, Commercial Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates, Series 2016-C7, Gain-on-Sale Reserve Account”. Any such account shall be an Eligible Account or a subaccount of an Eligible Account.

 

GLP Industrial Portfolio B Co-Lender Agreement”: That certain Co-Lender Agreement, dated as of December 22, 2015, by and between the holders of the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Companion Loans, the holders of the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Subordinate

 

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Companion Loans and the holder of the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Mortgage Loan, relating to the relative rights of such holders of the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Whole Loan, as amended and restated as of May 26, 2016, and as the same may be further amended in accordance with the terms thereof.

 

GLP Industrial Portfolio B Mortgage Loan”: With respect to the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Whole Loan, the Mortgage Loan that is included in the Trust (identified as Mortgage Loan No. 16 on the Mortgage Loan Schedule), which is designated as promissory note A-3-2, and ispari passu in right of payment with the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Companion Loans and senior in right of payment to the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Subordinate Companion Loans, to the extent set forth in the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Co-Lender Agreement.

 

GLP Industrial Portfolio B Mortgaged Property”: Collectively, the Mortgaged Properties that secure the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Whole Loan.

 

GLP Industrial Portfolio B Companion Loans”: With respect to the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Whole Loan, the Companion Loans evidenced by the related promissory notes A-1, A-2, A-3-1 and A-4 made by the related Mortgagor and secured by the Mortgages on the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Mortgaged Property, which are not included in the Trust and which are eachpari passu in right of payment with the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Mortgage Loan to the extent set forth in the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Co-Lender Agreement.

 

GLP Industrial Portfolio B Subordinate Companion Loans”: With respect to the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Whole Loan, the Companion Loans evidenced by the related promissory notes B-1 and B-2 made by the related Mortgagor and secured by the Mortgages on the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Mortgaged Property, which are not included in the Trust and which are subordinate in right of payment to the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Mortgage Loan to the extent set forth in the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Co-Lender Agreement.

 

GLP Industrial Portfolio B Whole Loan”: The GLP Industrial Portfolio B Mortgage Loan, together with the GLP Industrial Portfolio A Companion Loans and the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Subordinate Companion Loans, each of which is secured by the same Mortgages on the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Mortgaged Property. References herein to the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Whole Loan shall be construed to refer to the aggregate indebtedness under the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Mortgage Loan, the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Companion Loans and the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Subordinate Companion Loans.

 

Grace Period”: The number of days before a payment default is an event of default under the related Mortgage Loan and/or before the imposition of late payment charges and/or Default Interest.

 

Ground Lease”: The ground lease pursuant to which any Mortgagor holds a leasehold interest in the related Mortgaged Property and any estoppels or other agreements executed and delivered by the ground lessor in favor of the lender under the Mortgage Loan.

 

Gurnee Mills Co-Lender Agreement”: That certain Co-Lender Agreement, dated as of November 3, 2016, by and between the holder of the Gurnee Mills Companion Loans and the holder of the Gurnee Mills Mortgage Loan, relating to the relative rights of such holders of

 

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the Gurnee Mills Whole Loan, as the same may be further amended in accordance with the terms thereof.

 

Gurnee Mills Mortgage Loan”: With respect to the Gurnee Mills Whole Loan, the Mortgage Loan that is included in the Trust (identified as Mortgage Loan No. 2 on the Mortgage Loan Schedule), which is designated as promissory note A-1, and ispari passu in right of payment with the Gurnee Mills Companion Loans to the extent set forth in the Gurnee Mills Co-Lender Agreement.

 

Gurnee Mills Mortgaged Property”: The Mortgaged Properties that secure the Gurnee Mills Whole Loan.

 

Gurnee Mills Companion Loans”: With respect to the Gurnee Mills Whole Loan, the Companion Loans evidenced by the related promissory notes A-1-2, A-2-1, A-2-2, A-3 and A-4 made by the related Mortgagor and secured by the Mortgage on the Gurnee Mills Mortgaged Property, which are not included in the Trust and which are eachpari passu in right of payment with the Gurnee Mills Mortgage Loan to the extent set forth in the Gurnee Mills Co-Lender Agreement.

 

Gurnee Mills Whole Loan”: The Gurnee Mills Mortgage Loan together with the Gurnee Mills Companion Loans, each of which is secured by the same Mortgage on the Gurnee Mills Mortgaged Property. References herein to the Gurnee Mills Whole Loan shall be construed to refer to the aggregate indebtedness under the Gurnee Mills Mortgage Loan and the Gurnee Mills Companion Loans.

 

Hazardous Materials”: Any dangerous, toxic or hazardous pollutants, chemicals, wastes or substances, including, without limitation, those so identified pursuant to CERCLA or any other federal, state or local environmental related laws and regulations, and specifically including, without limitation, asbestos and asbestos-containing materials, polychlorinated biphenyls, radon gas, petroleum and petroleum products, urea formaldehyde and any substances classified as being “in inventory,” “usable work in process” or similar classification which would, if classified as unusable, be included in the foregoing definition.

 

Independent”: When used with respect to any accountants, a Person who is “independent” within the meaning of Rule 2-01(b) of the Commission’s Regulation S-X. When used with respect to any specified Person, any such Person who (i) is in fact independent of the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Depositor, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Directing Certificateholder, the Companion Holders (insofar as the relevant matter involves a Whole Loan (whether alone or together with one or more other Mortgage Loans)), the Operating Advisor, the Asset Representations Reviewer and all Affiliates thereof, (ii) does not have any material direct financial interest in or any material indirect financial interest in any of the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Depositor, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Directing Certificateholder, the Companion Holders (insofar as the relevant matter involves a Whole Loan (whether alone or together with one or more other Mortgage Loans)), the Operating Advisor, the Asset Representations Reviewer or any Affiliate thereof and (iii) is not connected with the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Depositor, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Directing Certificateholder, the Companion Holders (insofar as the relevant matter

 

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involves a Whole Loan (whether alone or together with one or more other Mortgage Loans)), the Operating Advisor, the Asset Representations Reviewer or any Affiliate thereof as an officer, employee, promoter, underwriter, trustee, partner, director or Person performing similar functions;provided,however, that a Person shall not fail to be Independent of the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Depositor, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Directing Certificateholder, the Companion Holders or any Affiliate thereof merely because such Person is the beneficial owner of 1% or less of any Class of securities issued by the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Depositor, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Asset Representations Reviewer, the Directing Certificateholder, the Companion Holders or any Affiliate thereof, as the case may be, so long as such ownership constitutes less than 1% of the total assets of such Person. For the avoidance of doubt, the exception in the proviso above for ownership of 1% or less of any Class of Certificates shall not apply with respect to the Operating Advisor or the Asset Representations Reviewer.

 

Independent Contractor”: Either (i) any Person that would be an “independent contractor” with respect to the Trust within the meaning of Section 856(d)(3) of the Code if the Trust were a real estate investment trust (except that the ownership test set forth in that Section shall be considered to be met by any Person that owns, directly or indirectly, 35% or more of any Class of Certificates, or such other interest in any Class of Certificates as is set forth in an Opinion of Counsel, which shall be at no expense to the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Master Servicer, any Companion Holder or the Trust, delivered to the Trustee, any Companion Holder, the Certificate Administrator and the Master Servicer), so long as the Trust does not receive or derive any income from such Person andprovided that the relationship between such Person and the Trust is at arm’s length, all within the meaning of Treasury Regulations Section 1.856-4(b)(5) (except that neither the Master Servicer nor the Special Servicer shall be considered to be an Independent Contractor under the definition in thisclause (i) unless an Opinion of Counsel has been delivered to the Trustee and the Certificate Administrator to that effect) or (ii) any other Person (including the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer) upon receipt by the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Operating Advisor and the Master Servicer of an Opinion of Counsel, which shall be at no expense to the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Master Servicer, the Operating Advisor or the Trust, to the effect that the taking of any action in respect of any REO Property by such Person, subject to any conditions therein specified, that is otherwise herein contemplated to be taken by an Independent Contractor will not cause such REO Property to cease to qualify as “foreclosure property” within the meaning of Section 860G(a)(8) of the Code or cause any income realized in respect of such REO Property to fail to qualify as Rents from Real Property.

 

Initial Cure Period”: As defined inSection 2.03(b).

 

Initial Purchaser”: Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC.

 

Initial Requesting Certificateholder”: The first Certificateholder or Certificate Owner to deliver a Repurchase Request as described inSection 2.03(k) with respect to a Mortgage Loan. For the avoidance of doubt, there may not be more than one Initial Requesting Certificateholder with respect to any Mortgage Loan.

 

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Initial Sub-Servicer”: With respect to each Mortgage Loan that is subject to a Sub-Servicing Agreement with the Master Servicer as of the Closing Date, the Sub-Servicer under any such Sub-Servicing Agreement. As of the Closing Date, each entity listed onExhibit FF is an Initial Sub-Servicer.

 

Initial Sub-Servicing Agreement”: Any Sub-Servicing Agreement in effect as of the Closing Date.

 

Inquiry” and “Inquiries”: As each is defined inSection 4.07(a).

 

Institutional Accredited Investor”: An institutional investor which is an “accredited investor” within the meaning of paragraphs (1), (2), (3) or (7) of Rule 501(a) of Regulation D under the Act or any entity in which all of the equity owners come within such paragraphs.

 

Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds”: All proceeds paid under any Insurance Policy or in connection with the full or partial condemnation of a Mortgaged Property, in either case, to the extent such proceeds are not applied to the restoration of the related Mortgaged Property or released to the Mortgagor or any tenants or ground lessors, in either case, in accordance with the Servicing Standard (and in the case of any Mortgage Loan with a related Companion Loan, to the extent any portion of such proceeds are received by the Master Servicer or Certificate Administrator in connection with such Mortgage Loan, pursuant to the allocations set forth in the related Intercreditor Agreement) and the REMIC Provisions.

 

Insurance Consultant Report”: With respect to each Mortgage Loan, a report or other summary prepared either by the related Mortgage Loan Seller or a third party insurance consultant on behalf of the related Mortgage Loan Seller that provides a summary of all Insurance Policies covering the related Mortgaged Property(ies), identifying the insurance provider, applicable ratings of each such provider and the amount of coverage and any applicable deductible.

 

Insurance Policy”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan, any hazard insurance policy, flood insurance policy, title policy or other insurance policy that is maintained from time to time in respect of such Mortgage Loan or the related Mortgaged Property.

 

Intercreditor Agreement”: Each of the Coconut Point Co-Lender Agreement, 9 West 57th Street Co-Lender Agreement, Peachtree Mall Co-Lender Agreement, Gurnee Mills Co-Lender Agreement, GLP Industrial Portfolio B Co-Lender Agreement and any AB Intercreditor Agreement and any intercreditor agreement entered into in connection with the issuance to the direct or indirect equity holders in the Mortgagor of any existing mezzanine indebtedness or any future mezzanine indebtedness permitted under the related Mortgage Loan documents.

 

Interest Accrual Amount”: With respect to any Distribution Date and any Class of Regular Certificates, the amount of interest for the related Interest Accrual Period accrued at the Pass-Through Rate of such Class of Certificates on the Certificate Balance or Notional Amount, as applicable, for such Class immediately prior to that Distribution Date. Calculations of interest for each Interest Accrual Period will be made on 30/360 basis.

 

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Interest Accrual Period”: For each Distribution Date, the calendar month prior to the month in which that Distribution Date occurs.

 

Interest Distribution Amount”: With respect to any Class of Regular Certificates for any Distribution Date, an amount equal to (A) the sum of (i) the Interest Accrual Amount with respect to such Class of Certificates for such Distribution Date and (ii) the Interest Shortfall, if any, with respect to such Class of Certificates for such Distribution Date, less (B) any Excess Prepayment Interest Shortfall allocated to such Class of Certificates on such Distribution Date.

 

For purposes ofclause (B) above, the Excess Prepayment Interest Shortfall, if any, for each Distribution Date shall be allocated to each Class of Regular Certificates in an amount equal to the product of (i) the amount of such Excess Prepayment Interest Shortfall and (ii) a fraction, the numerator of which is the Interest Accrual Amount for such Class for such Distribution Date and the denominator of which is the aggregate Interest Accrual Amounts for all Classes of Regular Certificates for such Distribution Date.

 

Interest Reserve Account”: The trust account or subaccount of the Distribution Account created and maintained by the Certificate Administrator pursuant toSection 3.04(b) initially in the name of “Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as Certificate Administrator, on behalf of Wilmington Trust, National Association, as Trustee, for the registered Holders of CSAIL 2016-C7 Commercial Mortgage Trust, Commercial Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates, Series 2016-C7, Interest Reserve Account”, into which the amounts set forth inSection 3.21 shall be deposited directly and which must be an Eligible Account or subaccount of an Eligible Account.

 

Interest Shortfall”: With respect to any Distribution Date for any Class of Regular Certificates, the sum of (a) the portion of the Interest Distribution Amount for such Class remaining unpaid as of the close of business on the preceding Distribution Date, and (b) to the extent permitted by applicable law, (i) in the case of a Class of Principal Balance Certificates, one month’s interest on that amount remaining unpaid at the Pass-Through Rate applicable to such Class for the current Distribution Date and (ii) in the case of a Class of the Class X Certificates, one-month’s interest on that amount remaining unpaid at the Weighted Average Net Mortgage Rate for such Distribution Date.

 

Interested Person”: As of the date of any determination, the Depositor, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Asset Representations Reviewer, the Certificate Administrator, the Trustee, the Directing Certificateholder, any Sponsor, any Borrower Party, any Independent Contractor engaged by the Special Servicer, or any known affiliate of any of the preceding entities (and, with respect to a Whole Loan if it is a Defaulted Loan, also the depositor, the master servicer, the special servicer (or any independent contractor engaged by such special servicer), or the trustee for the securitization of a Companion Loan, and each related Companion Holder or its representative), any holder of a related mezzanine loan, or any known Affiliate of any such party described above.

 

Investment Account”: As defined inSection 3.06(a).

 

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Investment Representation Letter”: As defined inSection 5.03(e), a form of which is attached hereto asExhibit C.

 

Investor Certification”: A certificate (which may be in electronic form), substantially in the form ofExhibit P-1A,Exhibit P-1B,Exhibit P-1C andExhibit P-1D to this Agreement or in the form of an electronic certification contained on the Certificate Administrator’s Website (which may be a click-through confirmation), representing (i) that such Person executing the certificate is a Certificateholder, the Directing Certificateholder (to the extent such Person is not a Certificateholder), a beneficial owner of a Certificate, a prospective purchaser of a Certificate or a Companion Holder (or any investment advisor or manager of the foregoing), (ii) that either (a) such Person is not a Borrower Party, in which case such Person shall have access to all the reports and information made available to Certificateholders via the Certificate Administrator’s Website hereunder, or (b) such Person is a Borrower Party in which case (1) if such Person is the Directing Certificateholder or a Controlling Class Certificateholder, such Person shall have access to all the reports and information made available to Certificateholders via the Certificate Administrator’s Website hereunder other than any Excluded Information as set forth herein, or (2) if such Person is not the Directing Certificateholder or a Controlling Class Certificateholder, such Person shall only receive access to the Distribution Date Statements prepared by the Certificate Administrator, (iii) that, except in the case of a prospective purchaser of a Certificate, such Person has received a copy of the final Prospectus and (iv) such Person agrees to keep any Privileged Information confidential and will not violate any securities laws;provided,however, that any Excluded Controlling Class Holder (i) shall be permitted to obtain in accordance withSection 4.02(f) of this Agreement any Excluded Information relating to any Excluded Controlling Class Loan with respect to which such Excluded Controlling Class Holder is not a Borrower Party (if such Excluded Information is not otherwise available to such Excluded Controlling Class Holder via the Certificate Administrator’s Website) and (ii) shall be considered a Privileged Person for all other purposes, except with respect to its ability to obtain information with respect to any related Excluded Controlling Class Loan.

 

Investor Q&A Forum”: As defined inSection 4.07(a).

 

Investor Registry”: As defined inSection 4.07(b).

 

JPMCC 2016-NINE Trust and Servicing Agreement”: The pooling and servicing agreement, dated as of September 26, 2016, among J.P. Morgan Chase Commercial Mortgage Securities Corp., as depositor, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as master servicer, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as special servicer, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as certificate administrator, and Wilmington Trust, National Association, as trustee, entered into in connection with the issuance of the Commercial Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates, Series 2016-NINE.

 

KBRA”: Kroll Bond Rating Agency, Inc., and its successors in interest. If neither KBRA nor any successor remains in existence, “KBRA” shall be deemed to refer to such other nationally recognized statistical rating agency or other comparable Person reasonably designated by the Depositor, notice of which designation shall be given to the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, each Master Servicer, the Directing Certificateholder and each Special

 

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Servicer and specific ratings of KBRA herein referenced shall be deemed to refer to the equivalent ratings of the party so designated.

 

Late Collections”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan, Whole Loan, or Companion Loan, all amounts received thereon prior to the related Determination Date, whether as payments, Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds, Liquidation Proceeds or otherwise, which represent late payments or collections of principal or interest due in respect of such Mortgage Loan, Whole Loan or Companion Loan, as applicable (without regard to any acceleration of amounts due thereunder by reason of default), on a Due Date prior to the immediately preceding Determination Date and not previously recovered. With respect to any REO Loan, all amounts received in connection with the related REO Property prior to the related Determination Date, whether as Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds, Liquidation Proceeds, REO Revenues or otherwise, which represent late collections of principal or interest due or deemed due in respect of such REO Loan or the predecessor Mortgage Loan, Whole Loan or Companion Loan, as applicable (without regard to any acceleration of amounts due under the predecessor Mortgage Loan, Whole Loan, or Companion Loan, as applicable, by reason of default), on a Due Date prior to the immediately preceding Determination Date and not previously recovered. The term “Late Collections” shall specifically exclude Penalty Charges. With respect to any Whole Loan, as used in this Agreement, Late Collections shall refer to such portion of Late Collections to the extent allocable to the related Mortgage Loan or related Companion Loan, as applicable, pursuant to the terms of the related Intercreditor Agreement.

 

Liquidation Event”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan or with respect to any REO Property (and the related REO Loan), any of the following events: (i) such Mortgage Loan is paid in full; (ii) a Final Recovery Determination is made with respect to such Mortgage Loan; (iii) such Mortgage Loan is repurchased by the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller pursuant to Section 6 of the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement; (iv) such Mortgage Loan is purchased by the Special Servicer, or by any Companion Holder or any mezzanine lender (as applicable) pursuant toSection 3.16 (and the related Intercreditor Agreement, as applicable); (v) such Mortgage Loan is purchased by the Special Servicer, the Master Servicer, the Holders of the majority of the Controlling Class or the Holders of the Class R Certificates pursuant toSection 9.01 or acquired by the Sole Certificateholder in exchange for its Certificates pursuant toSection 9.01; or (vi) such Mortgage Loan is sold by the Special Servicer pursuant to the terms of this Agreement.

 

Liquidation Expenses”: All customary, reasonable and necessary “out of pocket” costs and expenses incurred by the Special Servicer in connection with a liquidation of any Specially Serviced Loan or REO Property (except with respect to a Non-Serviced Mortgaged Property) pursuant toSection 3.16 (including, without limitation, legal fees and expenses, committee or referee fees and, if applicable, brokerage commissions and conveyance taxes).

 

Liquidation Fee”: A fee payable to the Special Servicer with respect to each Specially Serviced Loan or REO Property (except with respect to a Non-Serviced Mortgaged Property) as to which the Special Servicer receives (i) a full, partial or discounted payoff from the related Mortgagor or (ii) any Liquidation Proceeds or Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds (including with respect to the related Companion Loan), or REO Property (in any case, other than amounts for which a Workout Fee has been paid, or will be payable), equal to the product of

 

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the Liquidation Fee Rate and the proceeds of such full, partial or discounted payoff or other partial payment or the Liquidation Proceeds or Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds (net of the related costs and expenses associated with the related liquidation) related to such liquidated Specially Serviced Loan or REO Property, as the case may be;provided,however, that no Liquidation Fee shall be payable with respect to (a) the purchase of any Specially Serviced Loan by the Special Servicer or any Affiliate thereof (except if such Affiliate purchaser is the Directing Certificateholder or any Affiliate thereof;provided,however, that if no Control Termination Event exists, and if the Directing Certificateholder or an Affiliate thereof purchases any Specially Serviced Loan within ninety (90) days after the Special Servicer delivers to the Directing Certificateholder for its approval the initial Asset Status Report with respect to such Specially Serviced Loan, then the Special Servicer will not be entitled to a Liquidation Fee in connection with such purchase by the Directing Certificateholder or its Affiliates), (b) any event described inclause (iv) of the definition of “Liquidation Proceeds” (or any substitution in lieu of a repurchase) so long as such repurchase or substitution occurs prior to the termination of the Extended Cure Period, (c) any event described inclauses (v),(vi) and(vii) of the definition of “Liquidation Proceeds”, as long as, with respect to a purchase pursuant toclause (vi) of the definition of “Liquidation Proceeds”, a purchase occurs within ninety (90) days of such holder’s purchase option first becoming exercisable during that period prior to such Mortgage Loan becoming a Corrected Loan pursuant to the related Intercreditor Agreement, (d) with respect to a Serviced Companion Loan, (x) a repurchase of such Serviced Companion Loan by the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller for a breach of a representation or warranty or for a defective or deficient mortgage loan documentation under an Other Pooling and Servicing Agreement within the initial time period provided for such repurchase or (y) a purchase of such Serviced Companion Loan by any applicable party to the Other Pooling and Servicing Agreement pursuant to a clean-up call or similar liquidation of the Other Securitization; or (e) if a Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan becomes a Specially Serviced Loan solely because of a Servicing Transfer Event described inclause (i) or(ii) of the definition of “Servicing Transfer Event”, Liquidation Proceeds are received within ninety (90) days following the related Maturity Date as a result of such Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan being refinanced or otherwise repaid in full (but, in the event that a Liquidation Fee is not payable due to the application of any ofclauses (a) through(e) above, the Special Servicer may still collect and retain a Liquidation Fee and similar fees from the related Mortgagor to the extent provided for in, or not prohibited by, the related loan documents);provided that the Liquidation Fee with respect to any Specially Serviced Loan will be reduced by the amount of any Excess Modification Fees paid by or on behalf of the related Mortgagor with respect to the related Mortgage Loan and any related Companion Loan, or REO Property and received by the Special Servicer as compensation within the prior eighteen (18) months, but only to the extent those fees have not previously been deducted from a Workout Fee or Liquidation Fee;provided,however, that no Liquidation Fee will be less than $25,000. No Liquidation Fee shall be payable in connection with a Loss of Value Payment by a Mortgage Loan Seller, if the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller makes such Loss of Value Payment during the Initial Cure Period.

 

Liquidation Fee Rate”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan), Serviced Companion Loan, Specially Serviced Loan or REO Property as to which a Liquidation Fee is payable, a rate equal to the lesser of (a) such rate as would result in a Liquidation Fee of $1,000,000 and (b) 1.0% with respect to each Mortgage Loan (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan), each Specially Serviced Loan and each REO Property;

 

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provided,however, that if the rate inclause (b) above would result in a Liquidation Fee that would be less than $25,000 in circumstances where a Liquidation Fee is to be paid, then such rate as would yield a Liquidation Fee equal to $25,000.

 

Liquidation Proceeds”: Cash amounts received by or paid to the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer in connection with: (i) the liquidation (including a payment in full) of a Mortgaged Property or other collateral constituting security for a Defaulted Loan or defaulted Companion Loan, if applicable, through a trustee’s sale, foreclosure sale, REO Disposition or otherwise, exclusive of any portion thereof required to be released to the related Mortgagor in accordance with applicable law and the terms and conditions of the related Mortgage Note and Mortgage; (ii) the realization upon any deficiency judgment obtained against a Mortgagor; (iii) any sale of (A) a Specially Serviced Loan pursuant toSection 3.16(a) or (B) any REO Property pursuant toSection 3.16(b); (iv) the repurchase of a Mortgage Loan by the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller pursuant to Section 6 of the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement; (v) the purchase of a Mortgage Loan or REO Property by the Holders of the majority of the Controlling Class, the Special Servicer, the Master Servicer or the Holders of the Class R Certificates pursuant toSection 9.01; (vi) the purchase of a Mortgage Loan or an REO Property by (a) the applicable Subordinate Companion Holder or (b) the related mezzanine lender pursuant toSection 3.16 and the related Intercreditor Agreement; or (vii) the transfer of any Loss of Value Payments from the Loss of Value Reserve Fund to the Collection Account in accordance withSection 3.05(g) of this Agreement (provided that, for the purpose of determining the amount of the Liquidation Fee (if any) payable to the Special Servicer in connection with such Loss of Value Payment, the full amount of such Loss of Value Payment shall be deemed to constitute “Liquidation Proceeds” from which the Liquidation Fee (if any) is payable as of such time such Loss of Value Payment is made by the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller). With respect to any Whole Loan, as used in this Agreement, Liquidation Proceeds shall refer to such portion of Liquidation Proceeds to the extent allocable to the related Mortgage Loan or related Companion Loan, as applicable, pursuant to the terms of the related Intercreditor Agreement.

 

Loan Agreement”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan, the loan agreement, if any, between the related originator(s) and the Mortgagor, pursuant to which such Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan, as applicable, was made.

 

Loan Seller Defeasance Rights and Obligations”: As defined inSection 3.18(i) of this Agreement.

 

Loss of Value Payment”: As defined inSection 2.03(b) of this Agreement.

 

Loss of Value Reserve Fund”: The “outside reserve fund” (within the meaning of Treasury Regulations Section 1.860G-2(h)) designated as such pursuant toSection 3.04(i) of this Agreement. The Loss of Value Reserve Fund will be part of the Trust Fund but not part of any Trust REMIC.

 

Lower-Tier Distribution Amount”: As defined inSection 4.01(c).

 

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Lower-Tier Principal Amount”: With respect to any Class of Lower-Tier Regular Interests, (i) on or prior to the first Distribution Date, an amount equal to the Original Lower-Tier Principal Amount of such Class as specified in the Preliminary Statement hereto, and (ii) as of any date of determination after the first Distribution Date, an amount equal to the Certificate Balance of the Class of Related Certificates on the Distribution Date immediately prior to such date of determination (determined as adjusted pursuant toSection 1.02(iii)), and as set forth inSection 4.01(c)).

 

Lower-Tier Regular Interests”: Any of the Class LA-1, Class LA-2, Class LA-3, Class LA-4, Class LA-5, Class LA-SB, Class LA-S, Class LB, Class LC, Class LD, Class LE, Class LF and Class LNR Uncertificated Interests.

 

Lower-Tier REMIC”: One of two separate REMICs comprising a portion of the Trust Fund, which consist of the Mortgage Loans, any REO Property with respect thereto (or an allocable portion thereof, in the case of any Serviced Mortgage Loan), or the Trust’s beneficial interest in the REO Property with respect to a Non-Serviced Whole Loan, such amounts as shall from time to time be held in the Collection Account (other than with respect to any Companion Loan), the related portion of the REO Account, if any, the Interest Reserve Account, the Gain-on-Sale Reserve Account, the Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account, and all other properties included in the Trust Fund that are not in the Upper-Tier REMIC, except for the Loss of Value Reserve Fund.

 

Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account”: The segregated account, accounts or sub-accounts created and maintained by the Certificate Administrator (on behalf of the Trustee) pursuant toSection 3.04(b) in trust for the Certificateholders, which shall initially be entitled “Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as Certificate Administrator, on behalf of Wilmington Trust, National Association, as Trustee, for the benefit of the registered holders of CSAIL 2016-C7 Commercial Mortgage Trust, Commercial Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates, Series 2016-C7, Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account”. Any such account, accounts or sub-accounts shall be an Eligible Account.

 

LTV Ratio”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan, as of any date of determination, a fraction, expressed as a percentage, the numerator of which is the scheduled principal balance of such Mortgage Loan, as of such date (assuming no defaults or prepayments on such Mortgage Loan prior to that date), and the denominator of which is the Appraised Value of the related Mortgaged Property.

 

MAI”: Member of the Appraisal Institute.

 

Major Decision”: As defined inSection 6.08(a).

 

Master Servicer”: With respect to each of the Mortgage Loans, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, and its successors in interest and assigns, or any successor appointed as allowed herein.

 

Master Servicer Remittance Date”: The Business Day immediately preceding each Distribution Date.

 

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Material Defect”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan, a Defect in any Mortgage File or a Breach, which Defect or Breach, as the case may be, materially and adversely affects the value of such Mortgage Loan, the value of the related Mortgaged Property or the interests of the Trustee or any Certificateholder therein or causes such Mortgage Loan to be other than a “qualified mortgage” within the meaning of Section 860G(a)(3) of the Code, but without regard to the rule of Treasury Regulations Section 1.860G-2(f)(2) that causes a defective obligation to be treated as a qualified mortgage.

 

Maturity Date”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan, Whole Loan or Companion Loan, as of any date of determination, the date on which the last payment of principal is due and payable under the related Mortgage Note, after taking into account all Principal Prepayments received prior to such date of determination, but without giving effect to (i) any acceleration of the principal of such Mortgage Loan, Whole Loan or Companion Loan by reason of default thereunder or (ii) any Grace Period permitted by the related Mortgage Note.

 

Mediation Rules”: As defined inSection 2.03(m)(i).

 

Merger Notice”: As defined inSection 6.03(b).

 

Modification Fees”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan (other than any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) or Serviced Companion Loan, any and all fees with respect to a modification, extension, waiver or amendment that modifies, extends, amends or waives any term of the Mortgage Loan documents and/or related Serviced Companion Loan documents (as evidenced by a signed writing) agreed to by the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable (other than all assumption fees, assumption application fees, consent fees, defeasance fees, Special Servicing Fees, Liquidation Fees or Workout Fees).

 

Moody’s”: Moody’s Investors Service, Inc., and its successors in interest. If neither Moody’s nor any successor remains in existence, “Moody’s” shall be deemed to refer to such other nationally recognized statistical rating agency or other comparable Person reasonably designated by the Depositor, notice of which designation shall be given to the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Master Servicer, the Directing Certificateholder and the Special Servicer, and specific ratings of Moody’s herein referenced shall be deemed to refer to the equivalent ratings of the party so designated.

 

Morningstar”: Morningstar Credit Ratings, LLC, and its successors in interest. If neither Morningstar nor any successor remains in existence, “Morningstar” shall be deemed to refer to such other nationally recognized statistical rating agency or other comparable Person reasonably designated by the Depositor, notice of which designation shall be given to the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Master Servicer, the Directing Certificateholder and the Special Servicer, and specific ratings of Morningstar herein referenced shall be deemed to refer to the equivalent ratings of the party so designated.

 

Mortgage”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan, the mortgage(s), deed(s) of trust or other instrument(s) securing the related Mortgage Note and creating a first mortgage lien on the fee and/or leasehold interest in the related Mortgaged Property.

 

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Mortgage File”: With respect to each Mortgage Loan and any related Companion Loan(s), but subject toSection 2.01, collectively the following documents:

 

(i)          the original Mortgage Note, endorsed on its face or by allonge attached to the Mortgage Note, without recourse, to the order of “Wilmington Trust, National Association, as Trustee, on behalf of the registered Holders of CSAIL 2016-C7 Commercial Mortgage Trust, Commercial Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates, Series 2016-C7” or in blank and further showing a complete, unbroken chain of endorsement from the originator (or, if the original Mortgage Note has been lost, an affidavit to such effect from the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller or another prior holder, together with a copy of the Mortgage Note and an indemnity properly assigned and endorsed to the Trustee);

 

(ii)         the original or a certified copy of the Mortgage, together with an original or copy of any intervening Assignments of Mortgage, in each case with evidence of recording indicated thereon or certified to have been submitted for recording;

 

(iii)        an original Assignment of Mortgage in favor of “Wilmington Trust, National Association, as Trustee, on behalf of the registered holders of CSAIL 2016-C7 Commercial Mortgage Trust, Commercial Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates, Series 2016-C7” or in blank and, in the case of any Serviced Whole Loan, “Wilmington Trust, National Association as Trustee, on behalf of the registered holders of CSAIL 2016-C7 Commercial Mortgage Trust, Commercial Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates, Series 2016-C7 and the holder(s) of the related Companion Loan(s), as their interests may appear” and (subject to the completion of certain missing recording information and, if applicable, the assignee’s name) in recordable form (or, if the related Mortgage Loan Seller is responsible for the recordation of that assignment, a copy of such assignment sent or to be sent for recordation);

 

(iv)        the original or a copy of any related Assignment of Leases and of any intervening assignments (if such item is a document separate from the Mortgage), with evidence of recording indicated thereon or certified to have been submitted for recording;

 

(v)         an original assignment of any related Assignment of Leases (if such item is a document separate from the Mortgage) in favor of “Wilmington Trust, National Association, as Trustee, on behalf of the registered holders of CSAIL 2016-C7 Commercial Mortgage Trust, Commercial Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates, Series 2016-C7” or in blank and, in the case of any Serviced Whole Loan, “Wilmington Trust, National Association, as Trustee, on behalf of the registered holders of CSAIL 2016-C7 Commercial Mortgage Trust, Commercial Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates, Series 2016-C7 and the holder(s) of the related Companion Loan(s), as their interests may appear” and (subject to the completion of certain missing recording information and, if applicable, the assignee’s name) in recordable form (or, if the related Mortgage

 

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Loan Seller is responsible for the recordation of that assignment, a copy of such assignment sent or to be sent for recordation);

 

(vi)        the original assignment of all unrecorded documents relating to the Mortgage Loan in favor of “Wilmington Trust, National Association, as Trustee, on behalf of the registered Holders of CSAIL 2016-C7 Commercial Mortgage Trust, Commercial Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates, Series 2016-C7” or in blank or, in the case of a Serviced Whole Loan, in favor of “Wilmington Trust, National Association, as Trustee, on behalf of the registered holders of CSAIL 2016-C7 Commercial Mortgage Trust, Commercial Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates, Series 2016-C7 and the holder(s) of the related Companion Loan(s), as their interests may appear”, if not already assigned pursuant to items (iii) or (v) above;

 

(vii)       originals or copies of all modification, consolidation, assumption, written assurance and substitution agreements in those instances in which the terms or provisions of the Mortgage or Mortgage Note have been modified or the Mortgage Loan has been assumed or consolidated;

 

(viii)      the original or a copy of the policy or certificate of lender’s title insurance of such Mortgage Loan, or, if such policy has not been issued or located, an irrevocable, binding commitment (which may be a marked version of the policy that has been executed by an authorized representative of the title company or an agreement to provide the same pursuant to binding escrow instructions executed by an authorized representative of the title company) to issue such title insurance policy;

 

(ix)        any filed copies (bearing evidence of filing) or evidence of filing of any UCC Financing Statements, related amendments and continuation statements in the possession of the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller;

 

(x)         an original assignment in favor of “Wilmington Trust, National Association, as Trustee, on behalf of the registered Holders of CSAIL 2016-C7 Commercial Mortgage Trust, Commercial Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates, Series 2016-C7” and, in the case of any Serviced Whole Loan, “Wilmington Trust, National Association, as Trustee, on behalf of the registered holders of CSAIL 2016-C7 Commercial Mortgage Trust, Commercial Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates, Series 2016-C7 and the holder of the related Companion Loan(s), as their interests may appear” of any financing statement executed and filed in favor of the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller in the relevant jurisdiction (or, if the related Mortgage Loan Seller is responsible for the filing of that assignment, a copy of such assignment to be sent for filing);

 

(xi)        the original or a copy of any intercreditor agreement relating to existing debt of the borrower, including any Intercreditor Agreement relating to a Serviced Whole Loan;

 

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(xii)       the original or copies of any Loan Agreement, escrow agreement, security agreement or letter of credit relating to such Mortgage Loan or a related Serviced Whole Loan;

 

(xiii)      the original or a copy of any ground lease, ground lessor estoppel, environmental insurance policy, environmental indemnity or guaranty relating to such Mortgage Loan or a related Serviced Whole Loan;

 

(xiv)      the original or a copy of any property management agreement relating to such Mortgage Loan or a related Serviced Whole Loan;

 

(xv)       the original or a copy of any franchise agreements and comfort letters or similar agreements relating to such Mortgage Loan or a related Serviced Whole Loan and, with respect to any franchise agreement, comfort letter or similar agreement, any assignment of such agreements or any notice to the franchisor of the transfer of such Mortgage Loan or a related Serviced Whole Loan and a request for confirmation that the Trust is a beneficiary of such comfort letter or other agreement, or for the issuance of a new comfort letter in favor of the Trust, as the case may be;

 

(xvi)      the original or a copy of any lock-box or cash management agreement relating to a Mortgage Loan or a Serviced Whole Loan; and

 

(xvii)     the original or a copy of any related mezzanine Intercreditor Agreement;

 

provided,however, that (a) whenever the term “Mortgage File” is used to refer to documents held by the Custodian, such term shall not be deemed to include such documents and instruments required to be included therein unless they are actually received by the Custodian, (b) to the extent that this Agreement refers to a “Mortgage File” for a Companion Loan, such “Mortgage File” shall be construed to mean the Mortgage File for the related Mortgage Loan (except that references to the Mortgage Note for a Companion Loan otherwise described above shall be construed to instead refer to a photocopy of such Mortgage Note), (c) with respect to any Mortgage Loan that has a Serviced Companion Loan, the execution and/or recordation of any Assignment of Mortgage, any separate assignment of Assignment of Leases and any assignment of any UCC Financing Statement in the name of the Trustee shall not be construed to limit the beneficial interest of the related Companion Holder(s) in such instrument and the benefits intended to be provided to them by such instrument, it being acknowledged that (i) the Trustee shall hold such record title for the benefit of the Trust as the holder of the related Mortgage Loan and the related Companion Holder(s) collectively and (ii) any efforts undertaken by the Trustee, the Master Servicer, or the Special Servicer on its behalf to enforce or obtain the benefits of such instrument shall be construed to be so undertaken by Trustee, the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer for the benefit of the Trust as the holder of the applicable Mortgage Loan and the related Companion Holder(s) collectively, (d) in connection with any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, the preceding document delivery requirements will be met by the delivery by the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller of copies of the documents specified above (other than the Mortgage Note and intervening endorsements evidencing such Mortgage Loan, with respect to

 

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which the original shall be required) including a copy of the Mortgage securing the applicable Mortgage Loan, and any assignments or other transfer documents referred to in clauses (iii), (iv), (v), (vi), (ix) and (x) above as being in favor of the Trustee shall instead be in favor of the applicable Non-Serviced Trustee and need only be in such form as was delivered to the applicable Non-Serviced Trustee or a custodian on its behalf and (e) in connection with any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, any and all document delivery requirements with respect to the related Mortgage File (or any portion thereof) set forth herein or in the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement will also be satisfied by the delivery, in compliance with the terms of the related Non-Serviced PSA, by the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller of the documents specified above (other than the Mortgage Note and intervening endorsements evidencing such Mortgage Loan) to the custodian under the related Non-Serviced PSA (in such form as was delivered to the custodian under the related Non-Serviced PSA).

 

Mortgage Loan”: Each of the mortgage loans transferred and assigned to the Trustee pursuant toSection 2.01 and to be held by the Trust. As used herein, the term “Mortgage Loan” includes the related Mortgage Note, Mortgage and other documents contained in the related Mortgage File and any related agreements. The term “Mortgage Loan” shall, as of any date of determination, include any Qualified Substitute Mortgage Loan that has replaced a Mortgage Loan pursuant toSection 2.03and exclude any such replaced Mortgage Loan.

 

Mortgage Loan Checklist”: A list related to each Mortgage Loan indicating the related Mortgage Loan documents included in the related Mortgage File as of the Closing Date.

 

Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement”: With respect to each Mortgage Loan Seller, the agreement between the Depositor and such Mortgage Loan Seller, relating to the transfer of all of such Mortgage Loan Seller’s right, title and interest in and to the related Mortgage Loans.

 

Mortgage Loan Schedule”: The list of Mortgage Loans transferred on the Closing Date to the Trustee as part of the Trust Fund, attached hereto asExhibit B, which list sets forth the following information with respect to each Mortgage Loan so transferred:

 

(i)          the loan identification number (as specified in Annex A-1 to the Prospectus);

 

(ii)         the Mortgagor’s name;

 

(iii)        the street address (including city, state, county and zip code) and name of the related Mortgaged Property;

 

(iv)        the Mortgage Rate in effect at origination;

 

(v)         the Net Mortgage Rate in effect at the Cut-off Date;

 

(vi)        the original principal balance;

 

(vii)       the Cut-off Date Balance;

 

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(viii)      the (a) original term to stated maturity, (b) remaining term to stated maturity and (c) Maturity Date;

 

(ix)        the original and remaining amortization terms;

 

(x)         the amount of the Periodic Payment due on the first Due Date following the Cut-off Date;

 

(xi)        the applicable Servicing Fee Rate;

 

(xii)       whether the Mortgage Loan is a 30/360 Mortgage Loan or an Actual/360 Mortgage Loan;

 

(xiii)      whether such Mortgage Loan is secured by the related Mortgagor’s interest in a ground lease;

 

(xiv)      identifying any Mortgage Loans with which Mortgage Loan is cross-defaulted or cross-collateralized;

 

(xv)       the originator of the related Mortgage Loan and the Mortgage Loan Seller;

 

(xvi)      whether the related Mortgage Loan has a guarantor;

 

(xvii)     whether the related Mortgage Loan is secured by a letter of credit;

 

(xviii)    amount of any reserve or escrowed funds that were deposited at origination and any ongoing periodic deposit requirements;

 

(xix)      number of grace days;

 

(xx)       whether a cash management agreement or lock-box agreement is in place;

 

(xxi)      the general property type of the related Mortgaged Property;

 

(xxii)     whether the related Mortgage Loan permits defeasance;

 

(xxiii)    the interest accrual period; and

 

(xxiv)    the number of units, rooms, pads or square feet with respect to each Mortgaged Property.

 

Such Mortgage Loan Schedule shall also set forth the aggregate of the amounts described underclause (vii) above for all of the Mortgage Loans. Such list may be in the form of more than one list, collectively setting forth all of the information required.

 

Mortgage Loan Seller”: Each of (i) Column Financial, Inc., a Delaware corporation, or its successor in interest, (ii) Benefit Street Partners CRE Finance LLC, a

 

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Delaware limited liability company, or its successor in interest and (iii) Silverpeak Real Estate Finance LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, or its successor in interest.

 

Mortgage Note”: The original executed note(s) evidencing the indebtedness of a Mortgagor under a Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan, as the case may be, together with any rider, addendum or amendment thereto.

 

Mortgage Rate”: With respect to: (i) any Mortgage Loan or related Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan (or, in either case, any successor REO Loan) on or prior to its Maturity Date, the annual rate at which interest is scheduled (in the absence of a default and, if applicable, any REO Acquisition) to accrue on such Mortgage Loan or related Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan from time to time in accordance with the related Mortgage Note and applicable law; or (ii) any Mortgage Loan or related Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan (or, in either case, any successor REO Loan) after its Maturity Date, the annual rate described inclause (i)above determined without regard to the passage of such Maturity Date and, if applicable, any REO Acquisition.

 

Mortgaged Property”: The real property subject to the lien of a Mortgage.

 

Mortgagor”: The obligor or obligors on a Mortgage Note, including without limitation, any Person that has acquired the related Mortgaged Property and assumed the obligations of the original obligor under the Mortgage Note and including in connection with any Mortgage Loan that utilizes an indemnity deed of trust structure, the borrower and the Mortgaged Property owner/payment guarantor/mortgagor individually and collectively, as the context may require.

 

Net Investment Earnings”: With respect to the Collection Accounts, the Servicing Accounts or the REO Account or Companion Distribution Account for any period from any Distribution Date to the immediately succeeding P&I Advance Date, the amount, if any, by which the aggregate of all interest and other income realized during such period on funds relating to the Trust Fund held in such account, exceeds the aggregate of all losses, if any, incurred during such period in connection with the investment of such funds in accordance withSection 3.06.

 

Net Investment Loss”: With respect to the Collection Account, the Servicing Accounts or the REO Account or Companion Distribution Account for any period from any Distribution Date to the immediately succeeding P&I Advance Date, the amount by which the aggregate of all losses, if any, incurred during such period in connection with the investment of funds relating to the Trust held in such account in accordance withSection 3.06, exceeds the aggregate of all interest and other income realized during such period on such funds.

 

Net Mortgage Rate”: With respect to each Mortgage Loan (including a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) and any REO Mortgage Loan as of any date of determination, a rateper annum equal to the related Mortgage Rate then in effect,minus the related Administrative Cost Rate;provided,however, that for purposes of calculating Pass-Through Rates, the Net Mortgage Rate for any Mortgage Loan will be determined without regard to any modification, waiver or amendment of the terms of the related Mortgage Loan, whether agreed to by the

 

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Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, a Non-Serviced Master Servicer or a Non-Serviced Special Servicer or resulting from a bankruptcy, insolvency or similar proceeding involving the Mortgagor or otherwise;provided,further, that for any Mortgage Loan that does not accrue interest on the basis of a 360-day year consisting of twelve 30-day months, then, solely for purposes of calculating Pass-Through Rates on the Regular Certificates, the Net Mortgage Rate of such Mortgage Loan for any one-month period preceding a related Due Date will be the annualized rate at which interest would have to accrue in respect of such Mortgage Loan on the basis of a 360-day year consisting of twelve 30-day months in order to produce the aggregate amount of interest actually accrued in respect of such Mortgage Loan during such one-month period at the related Net Mortgage Rate;provided,further, that, with respect to each Actual/360 Mortgage Loan, the Net Mortgage Rate for the one-month period (A) preceding the Due Dates that occur in January and February in any year which is not a leap year or preceding the Due Date that occurs in February in any year which is a leap year (in any event, unless the related Distribution Date is the final Distribution Date), will be determined exclusive of any Withheld Amounts in respect of such Actual/360 Mortgage Loan, and (B) preceding the Due Date in March (or February, if the related Distribution Date is the final Distribution Date), will be determined inclusive of the Withheld Amounts in respect of such Actual/360 Mortgage Loan for the immediately preceding January and/or February, if applicable. With respect to any REO Loan, the Net Mortgage Rate shall be calculated as described above, determined as if the predecessor Mortgage Loan had remained outstanding.

 

Net Operating Income”: With respect to any Mortgaged Property, for any Mortgagor’s fiscal year end, Net Operating Income will be calculated in accordance with the standard definition of “Net Operating Income” approved from time to time endorsed and put forth by the CREFC®.

 

New Lease”: Any lease of REO Property entered into at the direction of the Special Servicer on behalf of the Trust, including any lease renewed, modified or extended on behalf of the Trust, if the Trust has the right to renegotiate the terms of such lease.

 

Non-Book Entry Certificates”: As defined inSection 5.02(c).

 

Non-Reduced Certificates”: As of any date of determination, any Class of Principal Balance Certificates then outstanding for which (a)(1) the initial Certificate Balance of such Class of Certificates minus (2) the sum (without duplication) of (x) the aggregate payments of principal (whether as principal prepayments or otherwise) previously distributed to the Holders of such Class of Certificates, (y) any Appraisal Reduction Amounts allocated to such Class of Certificates as of such date of determination and (z) any Realized Losses previously allocated to such Class of Certificates, is equal to or greater than (b) 25% of the remainder of (i) the initial Certificate Balance of such Class of Certificates less (ii) any payments of principal (whether as principal prepayments or otherwise) previously distributed to the Holders of that Class of Certificates as of such date of determination.

 

Nonrecoverable Advance”: Any Nonrecoverable P&I Advance or Nonrecoverable Servicing Advance.

 

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Nonrecoverable P&I Advance”: Any P&I Advance previously made or proposed to be made in respect of a Mortgage Loan (including any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) or REO Loan (other than any portion of an REO Loan related to a Companion Loan) which the Master Servicer, in accordance with the Servicing Standard, or the Trustee, in its good faith business judgment, as applicable, determines would not be ultimately recoverable, together with any accrued and unpaid interest thereon at the Reimbursement Rate, from Late Collections or any other recovery on or in respect of such Mortgage Loan or REO Loan;provided,however, that the Special Servicer may, at its option, make a determination in accordance with the Servicing Standard, that any P&I Advance previously made or proposed to be made is a Nonrecoverable P&I Advance and shall deliver to the Master Servicer (and with respect to a Serviced Mortgage Loan, to any Other Servicer) and with respect to a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, to the related Non-Serviced Master Servicer and Non-Serviced Special Servicer), the Certificate Administrator, the Trustee, the Operating Advisor and the 17g-5 Information Provider notice of such determination. Any such determination may be conclusively relied upon by, and shall be binding upon, the Master Servicer and the Trustee,provided,however, that the Special Servicer shall have no such obligation to make an affirmative determination that any P&I Advance is or would be recoverable and in the absence of a determination by the Special Servicer that such P&I Advance is or would be a Nonrecoverable P&I Advance, such decision shall remain with the Master Servicer or Trustee, as applicable. If the Special Servicer makes a determination that only a portion, and not all, of any previously made or proposed P&I Advance is a Nonrecoverable P&I Advance, the Master Servicer and the Trustee shall have the right to make its own subsequent determination that any remaining portion of any such previously made or proposed P&I Advance is a Nonrecoverable P&I Advance. With respect to any Non-Serviced Whole Loan, if any Non-Serviced Master Servicer or Non-Serviced Special Servicer, as applicable, in connection with a securitization of the related Non-Serviced Companion Loan determines that a P&I advance with respect to the related Non-Serviced Companion Loan, if made, would be a “nonrecoverable P&I advance”, such determination shall not be binding on the Master Servicer and the Trustee as it relates to any proposed P&I Advance with respect to the related Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan. Similarly, with respect to the related Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, if the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer or the Trustee, as applicable, determines that any P&I Advance with respect to a related Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, if made, would be a Nonrecoverable P&I Advance, such determination shall not be binding on the related Non-Serviced Master Servicer and related Non-Serviced Trustee as it relates to any proposed P&I Advance with respect to the related Non-Serviced Companion Loan (unless the related Non-Serviced PSA provides otherwise). In making such recoverability determination, the Master Servicer, Special Servicer or Trustee, as applicable, will be entitled (a) to consider (among other things) (i) the obligations of the Mortgagor under the terms of the related Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan as it may have been modified and (ii) the related Mortgaged Properties in their “as-is” or then-current conditions and occupancies, as modified by such party’s assumptions (consistent with the Servicing Standard in the case of the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer or in its good faith business judgment in the case of the Trustee, solely in its capacity as Trustee) regarding the possibility and effects of future adverse change with respect to such Mortgaged Properties, (b) to estimate and consider (among other things) future expenses, (c) to estimate and consider (consistent with the Servicing Standard in the case of the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer or in its good faith business judgment in the case of the Trustee, solely in its capacity as Trustee) (among other things) the timing of recoveries and (d) to

 

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give due regard to the existence of any Nonrecoverable Advances which, at the time of such consideration, the recovery of which are being deferred or delayed by the Master Servicer or the Trustee because there is insufficient principal available for such reimbursement, in light of the fact that related proceeds are a source of recovery not only for the Advance under consideration but also a potential source of recovery for such delayed or deferred Advance. In addition, any Person, in considering whether a P&I Advance is a Nonrecoverable Advance, will be entitled to give due regard to the existence of any outstanding Nonrecoverable Advance or Workout-Delayed Reimbursement Amount with respect to other Mortgage Loans, the reimbursement of which, at the time of such consideration, is being deferred or delayed by the Master Servicer or the Trustee because there is insufficient principal available for such reimbursement, in light of the fact that proceeds on the related Mortgage Loan are a source of reimbursement not only for the P&I Advance under consideration, but also as a potential source of reimbursement of such Nonrecoverable Advance or Workout-Delayed Reimbursement Amounts which are or may be being deferred or delayed. In addition, any such Person may update or change its recoverability determinations at any time (but not reverse any other Person’s determination that an Advance is a Nonrecoverable Advance) and, consistent with the Servicing Standard, in the case of the Master Servicer or in its good faith business judgment in the case of the Trustee (solely in its capacity as Trustee), may obtain at the expense of the Trust any reasonably required analysis, Appraisals or market value estimates or other information for making a recoverability determination. Absent bad faith, the Master Servicer’s, Special Servicer’s or the Trustee’s determination as to the recoverability of any P&I Advance shall be conclusive and binding on the Certificateholders. The determination by the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer or the Trustee, as applicable, that the Master Servicer or the Trustee, as applicable, has made a Nonrecoverable P&I Advance or that any proposed P&I Advance, if made, would constitute a Nonrecoverable P&I Advance, or any updated or changed recoverability determination, shall be evidenced by an Officer’s Certificate delivered by either the Special Servicer or the Master Servicer to the other and to the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Directing Certificateholder (but only prior to the occurrence of a Consultation Termination Event and only with respect to any Mortgage Loan other than an Excluded Loan) (and, in the case of a Serviced Mortgage Loan or Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, any Other Servicer or Non-Serviced Master Servicer, as applicable), the Operating Advisor (but only in the case of the Special Servicer), the Depositor, or by the Trustee to the Depositor, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor (and, in the case of a Serviced Mortgage Loan or Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, any Other Servicer or Non-Serviced Master Servicer, as applicable) and the Certificate Administrator. The Officer’s Certificate shall set forth such determination of nonrecoverability and the considerations of the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer or the Trustee, as applicable, forming the basis of such determination (which shall be accompanied by, to the extent available, income and expense statements, rent rolls, occupancy status, property inspections and any other information used by the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer or the Trustee, as applicable, to make such determination and shall include any existing Appraisal of the related Mortgage Loan, or the related Mortgaged Property). The Trustee shall be entitled to conclusively rely on the Master Servicer’s or Special Servicer’s determination that a P&I Advance is or would be nonrecoverable, and the Master Servicer shall be entitled to conclusively rely on the Special Servicer’s determination that a P&I Advance is or would be nonrecoverable. In the case of a cross-collateralized Mortgage Loan (if any), such recoverability

 

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determination shall take into account the cross-collateralization of the related cross-collateralized Mortgage Loan.

 

Nonrecoverable Servicing Advance”: Any Servicing Advance previously made or proposed to be made in respect of a Mortgage Loan (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan), Whole Loan or REO Property which the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, in each case in accordance with the Servicing Standard, or the Trustee, in its good faith business judgment, as applicable, determines would not be ultimately recoverable, together with any accrued and unpaid interest thereon, at the Reimbursement Rate, from Late Collections or any other recovery on or in respect of such Mortgage Loan, Whole Loan or REO Property. In making such recoverability determination, such Person will be entitled (a) to consider (among other things) (i) the obligations of the Mortgagor under the terms of the related Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan, as applicable, as it may have been modified and (ii) the related Mortgaged Properties in their “as-is” or then current conditions and occupancies, as modified by such party’s assumptions (consistent with the Servicing Standard in the case of the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer or in its good faith business judgment in the case of the Trustee, solely in its capacity as Trustee) regarding the possibility and effects of future adverse change with respect to such Mortgaged Properties, (b) to estimate and consider (among other things) future expenses, (c) to estimate and consider (consistent with the Servicing Standard in the case of the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer or in its good faith business judgment in the case of the Trustee, solely in its capacity as Trustee) (among other things) the timing of recoveries and (d) to give due regard to the existence of any Nonrecoverable Advances which, at the time of such consideration, the recovery of which are being deferred or delayed by the Master Servicer or the Trustee because there is insufficient principal available for such reimbursement, in light of the fact that related proceeds are a source of recovery not only for the Advance under consideration but also a potential source of recovery for such delayed or deferred Advance. In addition, any Person, in considering whether a Servicing Advance is a Nonrecoverable Servicing Advance, will be entitled to give due regard to the existence of any Nonrecoverable Advance or Workout-Delayed Reimbursement Amounts with respect to other Mortgage Loans, the reimbursement of which, at the time of such consideration, is being deferred or delayed by the Master Servicer, in light of the fact that proceeds on the related Mortgage Loan are a source of recovery not only for the Servicing Advance under consideration, but also as a potential source of recovery of such Nonrecoverable Advance or Workout-Delayed Reimbursement Amounts which are or may be being deferred or delayed. In addition, any such Person may update or change its recoverability determinations at any time (but not reverse any other Person’s determination that an Advance is a Nonrecoverable Advance) and, consistent with the Servicing Standard, in the case of the Master Servicer, or in its good faith business judgment in the case of the Trustee, solely in its capacity as Trustee, may obtain at the expense of the Trust any reasonably required analysis, Appraisals or market value estimates or other information for making a recoverability determination. The determination by the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer or the Trustee, as the case may be, that it has made a Nonrecoverable Servicing Advance or that any proposed Servicing Advance, if made, would constitute a Nonrecoverable Servicing Advance, or any updated or changed recoverability determination, shall be evidenced by an Officer’s Certificate delivered by either of the Special Servicer or Master Servicer to the other and to the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Directing Certificateholder (but only prior to the occurrence of a Consultation Termination Event and only with respect to any Mortgage Loan other than an Excluded Loan) (and in the case of a Serviced Mortgage Loan or

 

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Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, any Other Servicer or Non-Serviced Master Servicer, as applicable), the Operating Advisor (but only in the case of the Special Servicer) and the Depositor, or by the Trustee to the Depositor, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor and the Certificate Administrator (and in the case of a Serviced Mortgage Loan or Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, any Other Servicer or Non-Serviced Master Servicer, as applicable);provided,however, that the Special Servicer may, at its option, make a determination in accordance with the Servicing Standard, that any Servicing Advance previously made or proposed to be made is a Nonrecoverable Servicing Advance and shall deliver to the Master Servicer (and with respect to a Serviced Mortgage Loan, to any Other Servicer), the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator and the 17g-5 Information Provider notice of such determination. Any such determination may be conclusively relied upon by, and shall be binding upon, the Master Servicer and the Trustee,provided,however, that the Special Servicer shall have no such obligation to make an affirmative determination that any Servicing Advance is or would be recoverable and in the absence of a determination by the Special Servicer that such Servicing Advance is or would be a Nonrecoverable Servicing Advance, such decision shall remain with the Master Servicer or the Trustee, as applicable. If the Special Servicer makes a determination that only a portion, and not all, of any previously made or proposed Servicing Advance is a Nonrecoverable Servicing Advance, the Master Servicer and the Trustee shall each have the right to make its own subsequent determination that any remaining portion of any such previously made or proposed Servicing Advance is a Nonrecoverable Servicing Advance. The Officer’s Certificate shall set forth such determination of nonrecoverability and the considerations of the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer or the Trustee, as applicable, forming the basis of such determination (which shall be accompanied by, to the extent available, related income and expense statements, rent rolls, occupancy status and property inspections, and shall include any existing Appraisal with respect to the related Mortgage Loan or Serviced Companion Loan, as applicable, or related Mortgaged Property). The Special Servicer shall promptly furnish any party required to make Servicing Advances hereunder with any information in its possession regarding the Specially Serviced Loans and REO Properties as such party required to make Servicing Advances may reasonably request for purposes of making recoverability determinations. The Trustee shall be entitled to conclusively rely on the Master Servicer’s or Special Servicer’s, as the case may be, determination that a Servicing Advance is or would be nonrecoverable, and the Master Servicer shall be entitled to conclusively rely on the Special Servicer’s determination that a Servicing Advance is or would be nonrecoverable. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, if the Special Servicer requests that the Master Servicer make a Servicing Advance, the Master Servicer may conclusively rely on such request as evidence that such advance is not a Nonrecoverable Servicing Advance;provided,however, the Special Servicer shall not be entitled to make such a request more frequently than once per calendar month with respect to Servicing Advances other than emergency advances (although such request may relate to more than one Servicing Advance). In the case of a cross-collateralized Mortgage Loan (if any), such recoverability determination shall take into account the cross-collateralization of the related cross-collateralized Mortgage Loan. The determination as to the recoverability of any servicing advance previously made or proposed to be made in respect of a Non-Serviced Whole Loan shall be made by the related Non-Serviced Master Servicer, Non-Serviced Special Servicer or Non-Serviced Trustee, as the case may be, pursuant to the Non-Serviced PSA.

 

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Non-Registered Certificate”: Unless and until registered under the Securities Act, any Class X-E, Class X-F, Class X-NR, Class D, Class E, Class F, Class NR or Class R Certificate.

 

Non-Serviced Companion Loan”: Each of the 9 West 57th Street Companion Loans and the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Companion Loans.

 

Non-Serviced Depositor”: The “Depositor” under a Non-Serviced PSA.

 

Non-Serviced Gain-on-Sale Proceeds”: Any “gain-on-sale proceeds” received in respect of a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan pursuant to the related Non-Serviced PSA.

 

Non-Serviced Intercreditor Agreement”: Each of the 9 West 57th Street Co-Lender Agreement and the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Co-Lender Agreement.

 

Non-Serviced Master Servicer”: The “Master Servicer” under a Non-Serviced PSA.

 

Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan”: Each of the 9 West 57th Street Mortgage Loan and the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Mortgage Loan.

 

Non-Serviced Mortgaged Property”: Each of the 9 West 57th Street Mortgaged Property and GLP Industrial Portfolio B Mortgaged Property.

 

Non-Serviced Operating Advisor”: The “Operating Advisor” under a Non-Serviced PSA.

 

Non-Serviced Paying Agent”: The “Paying Agent” under a Non-Serviced PSA.

 

Non-Serviced Primary Servicing Fee Rate”: The primary servicing fee rate with respect to a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan under a Non-Serviced PSA.

 

Non-Serviced PSA”: Each of the JPMCC 2016-NINE Trust and Servicing Agreement and the CSMC 2015-GLPB Trust and Servicing Agreement.

 

Non-Serviced Special Servicer”: The “Special Servicer” under a Non-Serviced PSA.

 

Non-Serviced Trust”: The “Trust” formed under a Non-Serviced PSA.

 

Non-Serviced Trustee”: The “Trustee” under a Non-Serviced PSA.

 

Non-Serviced Whole Loan”: Each of the 9 West 57th Street Whole Loan and the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Whole Loan.

 

Non-Serviced Whole Loan Controlling Holder”: The “directing holder” or similarly defined party under a Non-Serviced PSA.

 

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Non-Specially Serviced Loan”: Any Mortgage Loan (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, except in the case ofSection 2.03(f)andSection 2.03(k) throughSection 2.03(o)) or Serviced Companion Loan that is not a Specially Serviced Loan.

 

Non-U.S. Beneficial Ownership Certification”: As defined inSection 5.03(f).

 

Non-U.S. Tax Person”: Any person other than a U.S. Tax Person.

 

Non-Waiving Successor”: As defined inSection 3.23(l).

 

Notional Amount”: In the case of the Class X-A Certificates, the Class X-A Notional Amount; in the case of the Class X-B Certificates, the Class X-B Notional Amount; in the case of the Class X-E Certificates, the Class X-E Notional Amount; in the case of the Class X-F Certificates, the Class X-F Notional Amount; and in the case of the Class X-NR Certificates, the Class X-NR Notional Amount.

 

NRSRO”: Any nationally recognized statistical rating organization within the meaning of Section 3(a)(62) of the Exchange Act, including the Rating Agencies.

 

NRSRO Certification”: A certification (a) substantially in the form ofExhibit P-2 executed by a NRSRO or (b) provided electronically and executed by such NRSRO by means of a “click-through” confirmation on the 17g-5 Information Provider’s Website, in either case in favor of the 17g-5 Information Provider that states that such NRSRO is a Rating Agency under this Agreement or that such NRSRO has provided the Depositor with the appropriate certifications pursuant to paragraph (e) of Rule 17g-5 of the Exchange Act, that such NRSRO has access to the 17g-5 Information Provider’s website and that such NRSRO will keep such information confidential, except to the extent such information has been made available to the general public. Each NRSRO shall be deemed to recertify to the foregoing each time it accesses the Certificate Administrator’s Website.

 

OCC”: Office of the Comptroller of the Currency.

 

Offered Certificates”: The Class A-1, Class A-2, Class A-3, Class A-4, Class A-5, Class A-SB, Class A-S, Class B, Class C, Class X-A and Class X-B Certificates.

 

Officer’s Certificate”: A certificate signed by a Servicing Officer of the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer or any Additional Servicer, as the case may be, or a Responsible Officer of the Trustee or Certificate Administrator, as the case may be.

 

Offshore Transaction”: Any “offshore transaction” as defined in Rule 902(h) of Regulation S.

 

Operating Advisor”: Park Bridge Lender Services LLC, and its successors in interest and assigns, or any successor operating advisor appointed as herein provided.

 

Operating Advisor Annual Report”: As defined inSection 3.26(c).

 

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Operating Advisor Consulting Fee”: A fee for each Major Decision on which the Operating Advisor has consulting obligations and performed its duties with respect to such Major Decision equal to $10,000 or such lesser amount as the related Mortgagor agrees to pay with respect to any Mortgage Loan (other than any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan), payable pursuant toSection 3.05of this Agreement;provided,however, that no such fee shall be payable unless specifically paid by the related Mortgagor as a separately identifiable fee (provided,however, that to the extent such fee is incurred after the outstanding Certificate Balances of the Class F and Class NR Certificates have been reduced to zero as a result of the allocation of Realized Losses to such Certificates, such fee shall be payable in full to the Operating Advisor as an expense of the Trust);provided,further, that the Operating Advisor may in its sole discretion reduce the Operating Advisor Consulting Fee with respect to any Major Decision;provided,further, that the Master Servicer or Special Servicer, as applicable, may waive or reduce the amount of any Operating Advisor Consulting Fee payable by the related Mortgagor if it determines that such full or partial waiver is in accordance with the Servicing Standard (provided that the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, shall consult, on a non-binding basis, with the Operating Advisor prior to any such waiver or reduction).

 

Operating Advisor Expenses”: With respect to any Distribution Date, an amount equal to any unreimbursed indemnification amounts or additional trust fund expenses payable to the Operating Advisor pursuant to this Agreement (other than the Operating Advisor Fee and the Operating Advisor Consulting Fee).

 

Operating Advisor Fee”: With respect to each Mortgage Loan and REO Mortgage Loan (in each case, excluding any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan and any Companion Loan), the fee payable to the Operating Advisor pursuant toSection 3.26(i).

 

Operating Advisor Fee Rate”: With respect to each Interest Accrual Period related to any applicable Distribution Date, aper annum rate of (i) 0.00240% with respect to all Mortgage Loans (except the Non-Serviced Mortgage Loans, the Coconut Point Mortgage Loan, the Gurnee Mills Mortgage Loan and the Peachtree Mall Mortgage Loan), (ii) 0.00340% with respect to the Coconut Point Mortgage Loan, (iii) 0.00373% with respect to the Gurnee Mills Mortgage Loan and (iv) 0.00644% with respect to the Peachtree Mall Mortgage Loan. If the Operating Advisor has resigned pursuant to the second paragraph ofSection 3.26(n) or has been terminated pursuant toSection 3.26(o) and no replacement has been appointed, the Operating Advisor Fee Rate shall be 0.0%.

 

Operating Advisor Standard”: The requirement that the Operating Advisor must act solely on behalf of the Trust and in the best interest of, and for the benefit of, the Certificateholders and, with respect to any Serviced Companion Loan that is a Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan, for the benefit of the holders of the related Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan (as a collective whole as if such Certificateholders and Companion Holders constituted a single lender), and not for the benefit of any particular class of Certificateholders (as determined by the Operating Advisor in the exercise of its good faith and reasonable judgment), but without regard to any conflict of interest arising from any relationship that the Operating Advisor or any of its affiliates may have with any of the underlying Mortgagors, any Sponsor, any Mortgage Loan Seller, the Depositor, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the

 

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Asset Representations Reviewer, the Directing Certificateholder, any Certificateholder or any of their Affiliates.

 

Operating Advisor Termination Event”: Any of the following events, whether any such event is voluntary or involuntary or is effected by operation of law or pursuant to any judgment, decree or order of any court or any order, rule or regulation of any administrative or governmental body:

 

(a)         any failure by the Operating Advisor to observe or perform in any material respect any of its covenants or agreements or the material breach of any of its representations or warranties under this Agreement, which failure continues unremedied for a period of thirty (30) days after the date on which written notice of such failure, requiring the same to be remedied, is given to the Operating Advisor by any party to this Agreement or to the Operating Advisor, the Certificate Administrator and the Trustee by the holders of Certificates having greater than 25% of the aggregate Voting Rights,provided that any such failure which is not curable within such thirty (30) day period, the Operating Advisor will have an additional cure period of thirty (30) days to effect such cure so long as it has commenced to cure such failure within the initial thirty (30) day period and has provided the Trustee and the Certificate Administrator with an officer’s certificate certifying that it has diligently pursued, and is continuing to pursue, such cure;

 

(b)         any failure by the Operating Advisor to perform in accordance with the Operating Advisor Standard which failure continues unremedied for a period of thirty (30) days after the date on which written notice of such failure, requiring the same to be remedied, is given to the Operating Advisor by any party to this Agreement;

 

(c)         any failure by the Operating Advisor to be an Eligible Operating Advisor, which failure continues unremedied for a period of thirty (30) days after the date on which written notice of such failure, requiring the same to be remedied, is given to the Operating Advisor by any party to this Agreement;

 

(d)         a decree or order of a court or agency or supervisory authority having jurisdiction in the premises in an involuntary case under any present or future federal or state bankruptcy, insolvency or similar law for the appointment of a conservator or receiver or liquidator in any insolvency, readjustment of debt, marshaling of assets and liabilities or similar proceedings, or for the winding up or liquidation of its affairs, shall have been entered against the operating advisor, and such decree or order shall have remained in force undischarged or unstayed for a period of sixty (60) days;

 

(e)          the Operating Advisor consents to the appointment of a conservator or receiver or liquidator or liquidation committee in any insolvency, readjustment of debt, marshaling of assets and liabilities, voluntary liquidation, or similar proceedings of or relating to the operating advisor or of or relating to all or substantially all of its property; or

 

(f)           the Operating Advisor admits in writing its inability to pay its debts generally as they become due, files a petition to take advantage of any applicable

 

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insolvency or reorganization statute, makes an assignment for the benefit of its creditors, or voluntarily suspends payment of its obligations.

 

Opinion of Counsel”: A written opinion of counsel, who may, without limitation, be salaried counsel for the Depositor, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor or the Asset Representations Reviewer, acceptable in form and delivered to the Trustee and the Certificate Administrator, except that any opinion of counsel relating to (a) the qualification of any Trust REMIC as a REMIC, (b) compliance with the REMIC Provisions, or (c) the resignation of the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer or the Depositor pursuant toSection 6.05, must be an opinion of counsel who is in fact Independent of the Depositor, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor and the Asset Representations Reviewer.

 

Original Certificate Balance”: With respect to any Class of Principal Balance Certificates, the initial aggregate principal amount thereof as of the Closing Date, in each case as specified in the Preliminary Statement.

 

Original Lower-Tier Principal Amount”: With respect to any Class of Lower-Tier Regular Interest, the initial principal amount thereof as of the Closing Date, in each case as specified in the Preliminary Statement.

 

Original Notional Amount”: With respect to the Class X-A Notional Amount, the Class X-B Notional Amount, the Class X-E Notional Amount, the Class X-F Notional Amount and the Class X-NR Notional Amount, the applicable initial Notional Amount thereof as of the Closing Date, as specified in the Preliminary Statement.

 

Other Certificate Administrator”: Any certificate administrator under an Other Pooling and Servicing Agreement.

 

Other Depositor”: Any depositor under an Other Pooling and Servicing Agreement.

 

Other Pooling and Servicing Agreement”: Any trust and servicing agreement or pooling and servicing agreement that creates a trust whose assets include any Serviced Companion Loan. For the avoidance of doubt, any other trust and servicing agreement or pooling and servicing agreement executed in connection with the securitization of the Coconut Point Companion Loans, the Peachtree Mall Companion Loans or the Gurnee Mills Companion Loan shall be an Other Pooling and Servicing Agreement.

 

Other Securitization”: As defined inSection 11.06.

 

Other Servicer”: Any master servicer or special servicer, as applicable, under an Other Pooling and Servicing Agreement.

 

Other Trustee”: Any trustee under an Other Pooling and Servicing Agreement.

 

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Ownership Interest”: As to any Certificate, any ownership or security interest in such Certificate as the Holder thereof and any other interest therein, whether direct or indirect, legal or beneficial, as owner or as pledgee.

 

P&I Advance”: As to any Mortgage Loan or REO Loan (butnot any related Companion Loan), any advance made by the Master Servicer or the Trustee, as applicable, pursuant toSection 4.03 orSection 7.05.

 

P&I Advance Date”: The Business Day immediately prior to each Distribution Date.

 

P&I Advance Determination Date”: With respect to any Distribution Date, the close of business on the related Determination Date.

 

Par Purchase Price” As defined inSection 3.16(a)(iii).

 

Pass-Through Rate”: Any of the Class A-1 Pass-Through Rate, the Class A-2 Pass-Through Rate, the Class A-3 Pass-Through Rate, the Class A-4 Pass-Through Rate, the Class A-5 Pass-Through Rate, the Class A-SB Pass-Through Rate, the Class A-S Pass-Through Rate, the Class B Pass-Through Rate, the Class C Pass-Through Rate, the Class D Pass-Through Rate, the Class E Pass-Through Rate, the Class F Pass-Through Rate, the Class NR Pass-Through Rate, the Class X-A Pass-Through Rate, the Class X-B Pass-Through Rate, the Class X-E Pass-Through Rate, the Class X-F Pass-Through Rate or the Class X-NR Pass-Through Rate.

 

PCAOB”: The Public Company Accounting Oversight Board.

 

Peachtree Mall Co-Lender Agreement”: That certain Amended and Restated Agreement Between Noteholders, dated as of September 15, 2016, by and between the holder of the Peachtree Mall Companion Loans and the holder of the Peachtree Mall Mortgage Loan, relating to the relative rights of such holders of the Peachtree Mall Whole Loan, as the same may be further amended in accordance with the terms thereof.

 

Peachtree Mall Mortgage Loan”: With respect to the Peachtree Mall Whole Loan, the Mortgage Loan that is included in the Trust (identified as Mortgage Loan No. 7 on the Mortgage Loan Schedule), which is designated as promissory note A-3, and ispari passu in right of payment with the Peachtree Mall Companion Loans to the extent set forth in the Peachtree Mall Co-Lender Agreement.

 

Peachtree Mall Mortgaged Property”: The Mortgaged Properties that secure the Peachtree Mall Whole Loan.

 

Peachtree Mall Companion Loans”: With respect to the Peachtree Mall Whole Loan, the Companion Loans evidenced by the related promissory notes A-1, A-2 and A-4 made by the related Mortgagor and secured by the Mortgage on the Peachtree Mall Mortgaged Property, which are not included in the Trust and which are eachpari passu in right of payment with the Peachtree Mall Mortgage Loan to the extent set forth in the Peachtree Mall Co-Lender Agreement.

  

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Peachtree Mall Whole Loan”: The Peachtree Mall Mortgage Loan together with the Peachtree Mall Companion Loans, each of which is secured by the same Mortgage on the Peachtree Mall Mortgaged Property. References herein to the Peachtree Mall Whole Loan shall be construed to refer to the aggregate indebtedness under the Peachtree Mall Mortgage Loan and the Peachtree Mall Companion Loans.

 

Penalty Charges”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan (other than any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) or Serviced Companion Loan (or any successor REO Loan), any amounts actually collected thereon (or, in the case of a Serviced Companion Loan (or any successor REO Loan thereto) that is part of a Serviced Whole Loan, actually collected on such Serviced Whole Loan and allocated and paid on such Serviced Companion Loan (or any successor REO Loan) in accordance with the related Intercreditor Agreement) that represent late payment charges or Default Interest, other than a Yield Maintenance Charge.

 

Percentage Interest”: As to any Certificate (other than the Class R Certificates), the percentage interest evidenced thereby in distributions required to be made with respect to the related Class. With respect to any Certificate (other than the Class R Certificates), the percentage interest is equal to the Denomination as of the Closing Date of such Certificate divided by the Original Certificate Balance or Original Notional Amount, as applicable, of such Class of Certificates as of the Closing Date. With respect to a Class R Certificate, the percentage interest is set forth on the face thereof.

 

Performance Certification”: As defined inSection 11.06.

 

Performing Party”: As defined inSection 11.12.

 

Periodic Payment”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan or the related Companion Loan, the scheduled monthly payment of principal and/or interest on such Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan, including any Balloon Payment, which is payable (as the terms of the applicable Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan may be changed or modified in connection with a bankruptcy or similar proceedings involving the related Mortgagor or by reason of a modification, extension, waiver or amendment granted or agreed to pursuant to the terms hereof) by a Mortgagor from time to time under the related Mortgage Note and applicable law, without regard to any acceleration of principal of such Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan by reason of default thereunder.

 

Permitted Investments”: Any one or more of the following obligations or securities (including obligations or securities of the Certificate Administrator, or managed by the Certificate Administrator or any Affiliate of the Certificate Administrator, if otherwise qualifying hereunder), regardless of whether issued by the Depositor, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, or any of their respective Affiliates and having the required ratings, if any, provided for in this definition and which shall not be subject to liquidation prior to maturity:

 

(i)          direct obligations of, and obligations fully guaranteed as to timely payment of principal and interest by, the United States of America, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac or any agency or instrumentality of the United States of America, the

 

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obligations of which are backed by the full faith and credit of the United States of America that mature in one (1) year or less from the date of acquisition;provided that any obligation of, or guarantee by, Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, other than an unsecured senior debt obligation of Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, shall be a Permitted Investment only if such investment would not result in the downgrading, withdrawal or qualification of the then-current rating assigned by each Rating Agency to any Certificate (or, insofar as there is then outstanding any class of Serviced Companion Loan Securities that are then rated by such rating agency, such class of securities) as evidenced in writing;

 

(ii)         time deposits, unsecured certificates of deposit, or bankers’ acceptances that mature in one (1) year or less after the date of issuance and are issued or held by any depository institution or trust company (including the Trustee) incorporated or organized under the laws of the United States of America or any State thereof and subject to supervision and examination by federal or state banking authorities (A) in the case of such investments with maturities of three (3) months or less, the short-term debt obligations of which are rated in the highest short-term rating category by Moody’s and by Fitch or the long-term debt obligations of which are rated at least “A2” by Moody’s, (B) in the case of such investments with maturities of six (6) months or less, but more than three (3) months, the short-term obligations of which are rated in the highest short-term rating category by each Rating Agency and the long-term obligations of which are rated at least “Aa3” by Moody’s and (C) in the case of such investments with maturities of more than six (6) months, the short-term obligations of which are rated in the highest short-term rating category by each Rating Agency and the long-term obligations of which are rated at least “Aaa” by Moody’s (or, in the case of any such Rating Agency as set forth in clauses (A) through (B) above, such lower rating as is the subject of a Rating Agency Confirmation by such Rating Agency);

 

(iii)        repurchase agreements or obligations with respect to any security described inclause (i) above where such security has a remaining maturity of one year or less and where such repurchase obligation has been entered into with a depository institution or trust company (acting as principal) described inclause (ii) above and has a long-term unsecured debt rating of “AAA” or short-term unsecured debt rating of “R-1(high)” from DBRS (if then rated by DBRS and, if not so rated, an equivalent or higher rating by two other NRSROs);

 

(iv)        debt obligations bearing interest or sold at a discount issued by any corporation incorporated under the laws of the United States of America or any state thereof which mature in one (1) year or less from the date of acquisition, which debt obligations are rated in the highest rating categories of each Rating Agency, and (A) if it has a term of three months or less, the short-term obligations of which are rated in the highest short-term rating category by Moody’s or the long-term obligations of which are rated at least “A2” by Moody’s, (B) if it has a term of more than three months and not in excess of six months, the short-term obligations of which are rated in the highest short-term rating category by

 

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Moody’s and the long-term obligations of which are rated at least “Aa3” by Moody’s and (C) if it has a term of more than six months, the short-term obligations of which are rated in the highest short-term rating category by Moody’s and the long-term obligations of which are rated at least “Aaa” by Moody’s (or, in the case of any such Rating Agency as set forth inclauses (A) through(C) above, such lower rating as is the subject of a Rating Agency Confirmation by such Rating Agency), if the obligations mature within sixty (60) days;provided,however, that securities issued by any particular corporation will not be Permitted Investments to the extent that investment therein will cause the then outstanding principal amount of securities issued by such corporation and held in the accounts established hereunder to exceed 10% of the sum of the aggregate principal balance and the aggregate principal amount of all Permitted Investments in such accounts;

 

(v)         commercial paper of any corporation incorporated under the laws of the United States or any state thereof (or of any corporation not so incorporated, provided that the commercial paper is United States Dollar denominated and amounts payable thereunder are not subject to any withholding imposed by any non-United States jurisdiction) (1) in the case of such investments with maturities of thirty (30) days or less, the short term obligations of which corporation are rated at least “P1” by Moody’s and “F1” by Fitch, or the long-term obligations of which corporation are rated at least “A2” by Moody’s, (2) in the case of such investments with maturities of three (3) months or less, but more than thirty (30) days, the short-term obligations of which are rated at least “P1” by Moody’s and “F1+” by Fitch, or the long-term obligations of which are rated at least “AA-” by Fitch (with a short-term rating of “F1” by Fitch) and “A2” by Moody’s, (3) in the case of such investments with maturities of six (6) months or less, but more than three (3) months, the (A) the short-term obligations of which are rated at least “P1” by Moody’s, and the long-term obligations of which corporation are rated at least “Aa3” by Moody’s, and (B) the short-term obligations of which are rated at least “F1+” by Fitch, or the long-term obligations of which corporation are rated at least “AA-” by Fitch (with a short-term rating of “F1” by Fitch), and (4) in the case of such investments with maturities of more than six (6) months, (A) the short-term obligations of which are rated at least “P1” by Moody’s, and the long-term obligations of which are rated at least “Aaa” by Moody’s, and (B) the short-term obligations of which are rated at least “F1+” by Fitch, or the long-term obligations of which are rated at least “AA-” by Fitch (with a short-term rating of “F1” by Fitch) (or such lower rating as is the subject of a Rating Agency Confirmation by such Rating Agency relating to the Certificates and any Serviced Companion Loan Securities);

 

(vi)        money market funds (including the Federated Prime Obligation Money Market Fund, US Bank Long Term Eurodollar Sweep or the Wells Fargo Advantage Heritage Money Market Fund) so long as any such fund is rated “Aaa-mf” by Moody’s and in the highest short term unsecured debt ratings category by each of Fitch and DBRS (or, if not rated by DBRS, an equivalent rating (or higher) by at least two (2) NRSROs (which may include any of the Rating Agencies) or otherwise acceptable to such Rating Agency, in any such case, as confirmed in a Rating Agency Confirmation) relating to the Certificates and any Serviced Companion Loan Securities; 

 

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(vii)      any other demand, money market or time deposit, obligation, security or investment, but for the failure to satisfy one or more of the minimum rating(s) set forth in the applicable clause, would be listed inclauses (i)(vi)above with respect to which a Rating Agency Confirmation has been obtained from each Rating Agency for which the minimum ratings set forth in the applicable clause is not satisfied with respect to such demand, money market or time deposit, obligation, security or investment and confirmation of the applicable rating agencies that such action will not result in the downgrade, withdrawal or qualification of its then-current ratings of any securities related to a Companion Loan, if any (provided that such rating agency confirmation may be considered satisfied in the same manner as any Rating Agency Confirmation may be considered satisfied with respect to the Certificates pursuant toSection 3.25); and

 

(viii)     any other demand, money market or time deposit, obligation, security or investment not listed inclauses (i)(vi)above with respect to which a Rating Agency Confirmation has been obtained from each and every Rating Agency; 

provided,however, that each Permitted Investment qualifies as a “cash flow investment” pursuant to Section 860G(a)(6) of the Code, and that (a) it shall have a predetermined fixed dollar of principal due at maturity that cannot vary or change, (b) any such investment that provides for a variable rate of interest must have an interest rate that is tied to a single interest rate index plus a fixed spread, if any, and move proportionately with such index, (c) any such investment must not be subject to liquidation prior to maturity and (d) any such investment must not be purchased at a premium over par; andprovided,further,however, that no such instrument shall be a Permitted Investment (a) if such instrument evidences principal and interest payments derived from obligations underlying such instrument and the interest payments with respect to such instrument provide a yield to maturity at the time of acquisition of greater than 120% of the yield to maturity at par of such underlying obligations or (b) if such instrument may be redeemed at a price below the purchase price; andprovided,further,however, that no amount beneficially owned by any Trust REMIC (even if not yet deposited in the Trust) may be invested in investments (other than money market funds) treated as equity interests for federal income tax purposes, unless the Master Servicer receives an Opinion of Counsel, at its own expense, to the effect that such investment will not adversely affect the status of any Trust REMIC. Permitted Investments may not be interest-only securities. All investments shall mature or be redeemable upon the option of the holder thereof on or prior to the Business Day preceding the day before the date such amounts are required to be applied hereunder.

 

Permitted Special Servicer/Affiliate Fees”: Any commercially reasonable treasury management fees, banking fees, title agency fees, insurance commissions or fees and appraisal fees received or retained by the Special Servicer or any of its Affiliates in connection with any services performed by such party with respect to any Mortgage Loan and Serviced Companion Loan (including any related REO Property) in accordance with this Agreement.

 

Permitted Transferee”: Any Person or any agent thereof other than (a) a Disqualified Organization, (b) any other Person so designated by the Certificate Registrar who is unable to provide an Opinion of Counsel (provided at the expense of such Person or the Person

 

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requesting the transfer) to the effect that the transfer of an Ownership Interest in any Class R Certificate to such Person will not cause any Trust REMIC to fail to qualify as a REMIC at any time that the Certificates are outstanding, (c) a Person that is a Disqualified Non-U.S. Tax Person, (d) any partnership if any of its interests are (or under the partnership agreement are permitted to be) owned, directly or indirectly (other than through a U.S. corporation), by a Disqualified Non-U.S. Tax Person or (e) a U.S. Tax Person with respect to whom income from the Class R Certificate is attributable to a foreign permanent establishment or fixed base, within the meaning of an applicable income tax treaty, of the transferee or any other U.S. Tax Person.

 

Person”: Any individual, corporation, partnership, limited liability company, joint venture, association, joint-stock company, trust, unincorporated organization or government or any agency or political subdivision thereof.

 

Plan”: As defined inSection 5.03(m).

 

Pre-close Information”: As defined inSection 3.13(c).

 

Preliminary Dispute Resolution Election Notice”: As defined inSection 2.03(l)(i).

 

Prepayment Assumption”: A “constant prepayment rate” of 0% used for determining the accrual of original issue discount and market discount, if any, and the amortization premium, if any, on the Certificates for federal income tax purposes.

 

Prepayment Interest Excess”: For any Distribution Date and with respect to any Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan that was subject to a Principal Prepayment in full or in part during the related Collection Period, which Principal Prepayment was applied to such Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan, as applicable, after the related Due Date and prior to the following Determination Date, the amount of interest (net of the related Servicing Fees), to the extent collected from the related Mortgagor (without regard to any Yield Maintenance Charge actually collected), that would have accrued at a rateper annum equal to the sum of (x) the related Net Mortgage Rate for such Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan, as applicable, and (y) the Certificate Administrator/Trustee Fee Rate, the Operating Advisor Fee Rate, the Asset Representations Reviewer Fee Rate and the CREFC® Intellectual Property Royalty License Fee Rate, on the amount of such Principal Prepayment from such Due Date to, but not including, the date of such prepayment (or any later date through which interest accrues). Prepayment Interest Excesses (to the extent not offset by Prepayment Interest Shortfalls or required to be paid as Compensating Interest Payments) collected on the Mortgage Loans (other than any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) and any related Serviced Companion Loan, will be retained by the Master Servicer as additional servicing compensation.

 

Prepayment Interest Shortfall”: For any Distribution Date and with respect to any Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan that was subject to a Principal Prepayment in full or in part during the related Collection Period, which Principal Prepayment was applied to such Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan (with such prepayment allocated between the related Mortgage Loan and Serviced Companion Loan in accordance with the related Intercreditor Agreement), as applicable, after the Determination Date in such Collection Period (or, with

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respect to each Mortgage Loan or Serviced Companion Loan, as applicable, with a Due Date occurring after the related Determination Date, the related Due Date) and prior to the following Due Date, the amount of interest (net of the related Servicing Fees), to the extent not collected from the related Mortgagor (without regard to any Yield Maintenance Charge actually collected), that would have accrued at a rateper annum equal to (x) in the case of any Mortgage Loan other than a Serviced Mortgage Loan, the sum of (i) the related Net Mortgage Rate for such Mortgage Loan and (ii) the Certificate Administrator/Trustee Fee Rate, the Operating Advisor Fee Rate, the Asset Representations Reviewer Fee Rate and the CREFC®Intellectual Property Royalty License Fee Rate and (y) in the case of any Serviced Mortgage Loan, the Mortgage Rate (net of Servicing Fees) on the amount of such Principal Prepayment during the period commencing on the date as of which such Principal Prepayment was applied to such Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan, as applicable, and ending on such following Due Date. With respect to an AB Whole Loan, any Prepayment Interest Shortfall for any Distribution Date shall be allocatedfirst to the related AB Subordinate Companion Loan and then to the related Mortgage Loan.

 

Primary Collateral”: With respect to any Crossed Underlying Loan, that portion of the Mortgaged Property designated as directly securing such Crossed Underlying Loan and excluding any Mortgaged Property as to which the related lien may only be foreclosed upon by exercise of the cross-collateralization provisions of such Crossed Underlying Loan.

 

Primary Servicing Fee”: The monthly fee payable by the Master Servicer solely from the Servicing Fee to each Initial Sub-Servicer, which monthly fee accrues at the rateper annum specified as such in the Sub-Servicing Agreement with such Initial Sub-Servicer.

 

Prime Rate”: The “Prime Rate” as published in the “Money Rates” section of the New York City edition ofThe Wall Street Journal (or, if such section or publication is no longer available, such other comparable publication as determined by the Certificate Administrator in its reasonable discretion) as may be in effect from time to time, or, if the “Prime Rate” no longer exists, such other comparable rate (as determined by the Certificate Administrator in its reasonable discretion) as may be in effect from time to time.

 

Principal Balance Certificates”: Each of the Class A-1, Class A-2, Class A-3, Class A-4, Class A-5, Class A-SB, Class A-S, Class B, Class C, Class D, Class E, Class F and Class NR Certificates.

 

Principal Distribution Amount”: With respect to any Distribution Date and the Principal Balance Certificates, an amount equal to the sum of the following amounts: (a) the Principal Shortfall for such Distribution Date, (b) the Scheduled Principal Distribution Amount for such Distribution Date and (c) the Unscheduled Principal Distribution Amount for such Distribution Date;provided that the Principal Distribution Amount for any Distribution Date shall be reduced, to not less than zero, by the amount of any reimbursements of (A) Nonrecoverable Advances (including any servicing advance with respect to any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan under the related Non-Serviced PSA reimbursed out of general collections on the Mortgage Loans), with interest on such Nonrecoverable Advances at the Reimbursement Rate that are paid or reimbursed from principal collections on the Mortgage Loans in a period during which such principal collections would have otherwise been included in

 

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the Principal Distribution Amount for such Distribution Date and (B) Workout-Delayed Reimbursement Amounts paid or reimbursed from principal collections on the Mortgage Loans in a period during which such principal collections would have otherwise been included in the Principal Distribution Amount for such Distribution Date (provided that, in the case ofclauses (A) and(B) above, if any of the amounts that were reimbursed from principal collections on the Mortgage Loans (including REO Loans) are subsequently recovered on the related Mortgage Loan (or REO Loan), such recovery will increase the Principal Distribution Amount for the Distribution Date related to the period in which such recovery occurs).

 

Principal Prepayment”: Any payment of principal made by the Mortgagor on a Mortgage Loan that is received in advance of its scheduled Due Date as a result of such prepayment.

 

Principal Shortfall”: For any Distribution Date after the initial Distribution Date, the amount, if any, by which (a) the related Principal Distribution Amount for the preceding Distribution Date, exceeds (b) the aggregate amount actually distributed on the preceding Distribution Date in respect of such Principal Distribution Amount. The Principal Shortfall for the initial Distribution Date will be zero.

 

Privileged Communications”: Any correspondence between the Directing Certificateholder and the Special Servicer referred to inclause (i) of the definition of “Privileged Information”.

 

Privileged Information”: Any (i) correspondence between the Directing Certificateholder and the Special Servicer related to any Specially Serviced Loan (other than with respect to any Excluded Loan) or the exercise of the Directing Certificateholder’s consent or consultation rights under this Agreement, (ii) strategically sensitive information that the Special Servicer has reasonably determined could compromise the Trust’s position in any ongoing or future negotiations with the related Mortgagor or other interested party that is labeled or otherwise identified as being privileged by the Special Servicer and (iii) information subject to attorney-client privilege. The Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor and the Asset Representations Reviewer shall be entitled to rely on any identification of materials as “attorney-client privileged” without liability for any such reliance hereunder.

 

Privileged Information Exception”: With respect to any Privileged Information, at any time (a) such Privileged Information becomes generally available and known to the public other than as a result of a disclosure directly or indirectly by the party restricted from disclosing such Privileged Information (the “Restricted Party”), (b) it is reasonable and necessary for the Restricted Party to disclose such Privileged Information in working with legal counsel, auditors, taxing authorities or other governmental agencies, (c) such Privileged Information was already known to such Restricted Party and not otherwise subject to a confidentiality obligation and/or (d) the Restricted Party is (in the case of the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Asset Representations Reviewer, the Certificate Administrator and the Trustee, as evidenced by an opinion of counsel (which will be an additional expense of the Trust) delivered to each of the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Directing Certificateholder (other than with respect to any Excluded Loan), the Operating Advisor, the Asset Representations Reviewer,

 

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the Certificate Administrator and the Trustee), required by law, rule, regulation, order, judgment or decree to disclose such information.

 

Privileged Person”: The Depositor and its designees, the Initial Purchaser, the Underwriter, the Mortgage Loan Sellers, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer (including, for the avoidance of doubt, any Excluded Special Servicer), the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, any Additional Servicer designated by the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, the Directing Certificateholder (but only prior to the occurrence of a Consultation Termination Event), the Operating Advisor, any affiliate of the Operating Advisor designated by the Operating Advisor, the Asset Representations Reviewer, any Companion Holder who provides an Investor Certification, any Person who provides the Certificate Administrator with an Investor Certification and any NRSRO (including any Rating Agency) that provides the Certificate Administrator with an NRSRO Certification, which Investor Certification and NRSRO Certification may be submitted electronically via the Certificate Administrator’s Website;provided,however, that (i) in no event may a Borrower Party (other than with respect to an Excluded Controlling Class Holder or a Special Servicer that is a Borrower Party) be considered a Privileged Person, (ii) in no event shall an Excluded Controlling Class Holder be entitled to Excluded Information with respect to an Excluded Controlling Class Loan with respect to which it is a Borrower Party (but this exclusion shall not apply to any other Mortgage Loan) and (iii) with respect to a Special Servicer that obtains knowledge that it has become a Borrower Party, such Special Servicer shall be prohibited from viewing or otherwise retrieving any information related to such Excluded Special Servicer Loan, which may include any asset status reports, final asset status reports (or summaries thereof), and such other information as may be specified in this Agreement pertaining to such Excluded Special Servicer Loan. In determining whether any person is an Additional Servicer or an Affiliate of the Operating Advisor, the Certificate Administrator may rely on a certification by the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, any Mortgage Loan Seller or the Operating Advisor, as the case may be.

 

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Agreement, if the Special Servicer obtains knowledge that it is a Borrower Party, the Special Servicer shall nevertheless be a Privileged Person;provided that the Special Servicer (i) shall not view or otherwise retrieve any Excluded Special Servicer Information specific to the related Excluded Special Servicer Loan, (ii) shall not directly or indirectly provide any information related to the related Excluded Special Servicer Loan to (A) the related Borrower Party, (B) any of the Special Servicer’s employees or personnel or any of its Affiliate involved in the management of any investment in the related Borrower Party or the related Mortgaged Property or (C) to its actual knowledge, any non-Affiliate that holds a direct or indirect ownership interest in the related Borrower Party, and (iii) shall maintain sufficient internal controls and appropriate policies and procedures in place in order to comply with the obligations described inclause (i)andclause (ii) above;provided,further, that nothing in this Agreement shall be construed as an obligation of the Master Servicer or the Certificate Administrator to restrict the Special Servicer’s access to any information on the Master Servicer’s website or the Certificate Administrator’s Website and in no case shall the Master Servicer or the Certificate Administrator be held liable if the Special Servicer accesses any Excluded Special Servicer Information relating to the Excluded Special Servicer Loans;provided,further,however, that any Excluded Controlling Class Holder shall be permitted to obtain in accordance withSection 4.02(f) of this Agreement any Excluded Information relating to any Excluded Controlling Class Loan with respect to which such Excluded Controlling Class

 

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Holder is not a Borrower Party (if such Excluded Information is not otherwise available to such Excluded Controlling Class Holder via the Certificate Administrator’s Website).

 

Prohibited Party”: Any proposed Servicing Function Participant that is listed on the Depositor’s Do Not Hire List.

 

Prohibited Prepayment”: As defined in the definition of Compensating Interest Payments.

 

Proposed Course of Action”: As defined inSection 2.03(l)(i).

 

Proposed Course of Action Notice”: As defined inSection 2.03(l)(i).

 

Prospectus”: The Prospectus, dated November 15, 2016.

 

PSA Party Repurchase Request”: As defined inSection 2.03(k)(ii).

 

PTCE”: Prohibited Transaction Class Exemption.

 

Purchase Price”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan (or any related REO Loan) (including, to the extent required pursuant to the final paragraph hereof, any related Companion Loan) to be purchased pursuant to (A) Section 6 of the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement by the related Mortgage Loan Seller, (B) Section 3.16, or (C) Section 9.01, a price, without duplication, equal to:

 

(i)          the outstanding principal balance of such Mortgage Loan (or any related REO Loan (including for such purpose, to the extent required pursuant to the final paragraph hereof, the related Companion Loan)) as of the date of purchase; plus

 

(ii)         all accrued and unpaid interest on the Mortgage Loan (or any related REO Loan (including for such purpose, to the extent required pursuant to the final paragraph hereof, the related Companion Loan)), at the related Mortgage Rate in effect from time to time (excluding any portion of such interest that represents Default Interest), to, but not including, the Due Date immediately preceding or coinciding with the Determination Date for the Collection Period of purchase; plus

 

(iii)        all related unreimbursed Servicing Advances plus accrued and unpaid interest on all related Advances at the Reimbursement Rate, Special Servicing Fees (whether paid or unpaid) and any other additional trust fund expenses (except for Liquidation Fees) in respect of such Mortgage Loan (or related REO Loan (including for such purpose, to the extent required pursuant to the final paragraph hereof, the related Companion Loan)), if any; plus

 

(iv)        if such Mortgage Loan (or related REO Loan) is being repurchased or substituted by the related Mortgage Loan Seller, pursuant to Section 6 of the applicable Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement, the Asset Representations

 

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Reviewer Asset Review Fee (to the extent not previously paid by the related Mortgage Loan Seller), all reasonable out-of-pocket expenses reasonably incurred or to be incurred by the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Depositor, the Certificate Administrator, the Asset Representations Reviewer or the Trustee in respect of the omission, breach or defect giving rise to the repurchase or substitution obligation, including any expenses arising out of the enforcement of the repurchase or substitution obligation, including, without limitation, legal fees and expenses and any additional trust fund expenses relating to such Mortgage Loan (or related REO Loan); provided, however, that such out-of-pocket expenses shall not include expenses incurred by Certificateholders or Certificate Owners in instituting an Asset Review Vote Election, in taking part in an Asset Review vote or in exercising such Certificateholder’s or Certificate Owner’s, as applicable, rights under the dispute resolution mechanics pursuant toSection 2.03(k) hereof; plus

 

(v)         Liquidation Fees, if any, payable with respect to such Mortgage Loan (or related REO Loan (including for such purpose, to the extent required pursuant to the final paragraph hereof, the related Companion Loan)) (which will not include any Liquidation Fees if such repurchase occurs prior to the expiration of the Extended Cure Period); plus

 

(vi)        solely in the case of a repurchase or substitution by the related Mortgage Loan Seller, the Asset Representations Reviewer Asset Review Fee for such Mortgage Loan.

 

Solely with respect to any Serviced Whole Loan to be sold pursuant toSection 3.16(a)(iii), “Purchase Price” shall mean the amount calculated in accordance with the preceding sentence in respect of the related Whole Loan, including, for such purposes, the Mortgage Loan and the related Companion Loan(s). With respect to any REO Property to be sold pursuant toSection 3.16(b), “Purchase Price” shall mean the amount calculated in accordance with the second preceding sentence in respect of the related REO Loan (including any related Companion Loan). With respect to any sale pursuant toSection 3.16(a)(ii) orSection 3.16(e) or for purposes of calculating any Gain-on-Sale Proceeds, the “Purchase Price” shall be allocated between the related Mortgage Loan and Companion Loan(s), in accordance with, and shall be equal to the amount provided pursuant to, the provisions of the related Intercreditor Agreement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, with respect to any repurchase pursuant tosubclause (A) andsubclause (C) hereof, the “Purchase Price” shall not include any amounts payable in respect of any related Companion Loan.

 

Qualified Institutional Buyer”: A “qualified institutional buyer” as defined in Rule 144A under the Act.

 

Qualified Insurer”: (i) With respect to any Mortgage Loan, REO Loan or REO Property, an insurance company or security or bonding company qualified to write the related Insurance Policy in the relevant jurisdiction with an insurance financial strength rating of at least: (a) “A3” by Moody’s (or, if not rated by Moody’s, at least an equivalent rating by one other nationally recognized insurance rating organization (which may include DBRS or Fitch)),

 

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(b) “A-” by Fitch (or, if not rated by Fitch, at least “A-” by one other nationally recognized insurance rating organization (which may include Moody’s or DBRS) and (c) “A(low)” by DBRS (or, if not rated by DBRS, at least an equivalent rating by one other nationally recognized insurance rating organization (which may include Moody’s or Fitch), and (ii) with respect to the fidelity bond and errors and omissions insurance policy required to be maintained pursuant toSection 3.07(c), except as otherwise permitted bySection 3.07(c), an insurance company that has a claims paying ability (or the obligations which are guaranteed or backed by a company having such claims paying ability) rated at least one of the following ratings: (a) “A3” by Moody’s, (b) “A-” by S&P, (c) “A-” by Fitch, (d) “A-:X” by A.M. Best Company, Inc. or, (e) “A(low)” by DBRS, or, in the case ofclauses (i) or(ii), any other insurer acceptable to the Rating Agencies, as evidenced by a Rating Agency Confirmation.

 

Qualified Replacement Special Servicer”: A replacement special servicer that (i) satisfies all of the eligibility requirements applicable to special servicers contained in this Agreement, (ii) is not the Operating Advisor, the Asset Representations Reviewer or an Affiliate of the Operating Advisor or the Asset Representations Reviewer, (iii) is not obligated to pay the Operating Advisor (x) any fees or otherwise compensate the Operating Advisor in respect of its obligations under this Agreement, and (y) for the appointment of the successor special servicer or the recommendation by the Operating Advisor for the replacement Special Servicer to become the Special Servicer, (iv) is not entitled to receive any compensation from the Operating Advisor other than compensation that is not material and is unrelated to the Operating Advisor’s recommendation that such party be appointed as the replacement special servicer, (v) is not entitled to receive any fee from the Operating Advisor for its appointment as successor special servicer, in each case, unless such fee is expressly approved by 100% of the Certificateholders, (vi) is currently acting as a special servicer in a CMBS transaction rated by Moody’s on a transaction-level basis (as to which CMBS transaction there are outstanding CMBS rated by Moody’s), (vii) is not a special servicer that has been publicly cited by Moody’s as having servicing concerns as the sole or a material factor in any qualification, downgrade or withdrawal of the ratings (or placement on “watch status” in contemplation of a rating downgrade or withdrawal) of securities in a transaction serviced by the applicable servicer prior to the time of determination, (viii) currently has a special servicer rating of at least “CSS3” from Fitch, and (ix) is currently acting as a special servicer in a transaction rated by DBRS and has not been publicly cited by DBRS as having servicing concerns as the sole or a material factor in any qualification, downgrade or withdrawal of the ratings (or placement on “watch status” in contemplation of a ratings downgrade or withdrawal) of securities in a transaction serviced by the applicable servicer prior to the time of determination.

 

Qualified Substitute Mortgage Loan”: A substitute mortgage loan (other than with respect to the Whole Loans, for which no substitution will be permitted) replacing a removed Mortgage Loan that must, on the date of substitution: (i) have an outstanding principal balance, after application of all scheduled payments of principal and interest due during or prior to the month of substitution, whether or not received, not in excess of the Stated Principal Balance of the removed Mortgage Loan as of the Due Date in the calendar month during which the substitution occurs; (ii) have a Mortgage Rate not less than the Mortgage Rate of the removed Mortgage Loan, determined without regard to any prior modification, waiver or amendment of the terms of the removed Mortgage Loan; (iii) have the same Due Date as and Grace Period no longer than that of the removed Mortgage Loan; (iv) accrue interest on the same basis as the removed Mortgage Loan (for example, on the basis of a 360 day year consisting of twelve 30-day months); (v) have a remaining term to stated maturity not greater than, and not

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more than two (2) years less than, the remaining term to stated maturity of the removed Mortgage Loan; (vi) have a then-current loan-to-value ratio equal to or less than the lesser of the loan-to-value ratio for the removed Mortgage Loan as of the Closing Date and 75%, in each case using the “value” for the Mortgaged Property as determined using an Appraisal; (vii) comply as of the date of substitution in all material respects with all of the representations and warranties set forth in the applicable Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement; (viii) have an environmental report that indicates no material adverse environmental conditions with respect to the related Mortgaged Property and which will be delivered as a part of the related Mortgage File; (ix) have a then-current debt service coverage ratio at least equal to the greater of the original debt service coverage ratio of the removed Mortgage Loan as of the Closing Date and 1.25x; (x) constitute a “qualified replacement mortgage” within the meaning of Section 860G(a)(4) of the Code as evidenced by an Opinion of Counsel (provided at the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller’s expense); (xi) not have a maturity date or an amortization period that extends to a date that is after the date two (2) years prior to the Rated Final Distribution Date; (xii) have comparable prepayment restrictions to those of the removed Mortgage Loan; (xiii) not be substituted for a removed Mortgage Loan unless the Trustee and the Certificate Administrator have received Rating Agency Confirmation from each Rating Agency (the cost, if any, of obtaining such Rating Agency Confirmation to be paid by the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller); (xiv) have been approved, so long as a Control Termination Event has not occurred and is not continuing and the affected Mortgage Loan is not an Excluded Loan, by the Directing Certificateholder; (xv) prohibit defeasance within two (2) years of the Closing Date; (xvi) not be substituted for a removed Mortgage Loan if it would result in an Adverse REMIC Event other than the imposition of tax on the Trust or any Trust REMIC expressly permitted or contemplated to be imposed by the terms of this Agreement, as determined by an Opinion of Counsel at the cost of the related Mortgage Loan Seller; (xvii) have an engineering report that indicates no material adverse property condition or deferred maintenance with respect to the related Mortgaged Property that will be delivered as a part of the related Servicing File; and (xviii) be current in the payment of all scheduled payments of principal and interest then due. In the event that more than one mortgage loan is substituted for a removed Mortgage Loan, then the amounts described inclause (i) shall be determined on the basis of aggregate Stated Principal Balances and each such proposed Qualified Substitute Mortgage Loan shall individually satisfy each of the requirements specified inclauses (ii)through(xviii);provided that the rates described inclause (ii) above and the remaining term to stated maturity referred to inclause (v) above shall be determined on a weighted average basis;provided,further, that no individual Mortgage Rate (net of the Servicing Fee Rate, the Certificate Administrator/Trustee Fee Rate, the Operating Advisor Fee Rate, the Asset Representations Reviewer Fee Rate and the CREFC® Intellectual Property Royalty License Fee Rate and, in the case of a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, the related Non-Serviced Primary Servicing Fee Rate) shall be lower than the highest fixed Pass-Through Rate (and not based on, or subject to a cap equal to, the Weighted Average Net Mortgage Rate) of any Class of Principal Balance Certificates having a Certificate Balance then outstanding. When a Qualified Substitute Mortgage Loan is substituted for a removed Mortgage Loan, the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller shall certify that the Qualified Substitute Mortgage Loan meets all of the requirements of the above definition and shall send such certification to the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator and, prior to the occurrence of a Consultation Termination Event, the Directing Certificateholder.

 

RAC No-Response Scenario”: As defined inSection 3.25(a).

 

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RAC Requesting Party”: As defined inSection 3.25(a).

 

Rated Final Distribution Date”: As to each Class of Certificates, the Distribution Date in November 2049.

 

Rating Agency”: Each of Moody’s, Fitch and DBRS or their successors in interest. If no such rating agency nor any successor thereof remains in existence, “Rating Agency” shall be deemed to refer to such nationally recognized statistical rating agency or other comparable Person reasonably designated by the Depositor, notice of which designation shall be given to the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Special Servicer and the Master Servicer, and specific ratings of Moody’s, Fitch and DBRS herein referenced shall be deemed to refer to the equivalent ratings of the party so designated.

 

Rating Agency Confirmation”: With respect to any matter, confirmation in writing (which may be in electronic form) by each applicable Rating Agency that a proposed action, failure to act or other event so specified will not, in and of itself, result in the downgrade, withdrawal or qualification of the then-current rating assigned to any Class of Certificates (if then rated by the Rating Agency);provided that a written waiver or other acknowledgment from the Rating Agency indicating its decision not to review the matter for which the Rating Agency Confirmation is sought shall be deemed to satisfy the requirement for the Rating Agency Confirmation from the Rating Agency with respect to such matter.

 

Rating Agency Inquiry”: As defined inSection 4.07(c).

 

Rating Agency Q&A Forum and Document Request Tool”: As defined inSection 4.07(c).

 

Realized Loss”: As defined inSection 4.04(a).

 

Record Date”: With respect to any Distribution Date, the last Business Day of the month immediately preceding the month in which that Distribution Date occurs.

 

Regular Certificates”: Any of the Class A-1, Class A-2, Class A-3, Class A-4, Class A-5, Class A-SB, Class X-A, Class X-B, Class X-E, Class X-F, Class X-NR, Class A-S, Class B, Class C, Class D, Class E, Class F and Class NR Certificates.

 

Regulation AB”: Subpart 229.1100 – Asset Backed Securities (Regulation AB), 17 C.F.R. §§ 229.1100-229.1125, as such may be amended from time to time, and subject to such clarification and interpretation as have been provided by the Commission or by the staff of the Commission, or as may be provided by the Commission or its staff from time to time.

 

Regulation AB Companion Loan Securitization”: As defined inSection 11.16(a).

 

Regulation AB Servicing Officer”: Any officer or employee of the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, involved in, or responsible for, the administration and servicing of the Mortgage Loans or Companion Loans, or this Agreement and also, with respect to a particular matter, any other officer to whom such matter is referred because of such

 

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officer’s or employee’s knowledge of and familiarity with the particular subject, and, in the case of any certification required to be signed by a Servicing Officer, such an officer or employee whose name and specimen signature appears on a list of servicing officers furnished to the Trustee and/or the Certificate Administrator by the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, as such list may from time to time be amended.

 

Regulation D”: Regulation D under the Act.

 

Regulation S”: Regulation S under the Act.

 

Regulation S Book-Entry Certificates”: The Non-Registered Certificates sold to institutions that are non-United States Securities Persons in Offshore Transactions in reliance on Regulation S and represented by one or more Book-Entry Certificates that are Non-Registered Certificates deposited with the Certificate Administrator as custodian for the Depository.

 

Reimbursement Rate”: The rateper annum applicable to the accrual of interest on Servicing Advances in accordance withSection 3.03(d)and P&I Advances in accordance withSection 4.03(d), which rateper annum shall equal the Prime Rate.

 

Related Certificates” and “Related Lower-Tier Regular Interests”: For each of the following Classes of Certificates, the related Class of Lower-Tier Regular Interests; and for each of the following Classes of Lower-Tier Regular Interests, the related Class of Certificates, as applicable, set forth below:

 

Related Certificates 

 

Related Uncertificated
Lower-Tier Interest 

Class A-1 Certificates Class LA-1 Uncertificated Interest
Class A-2 Certificates Class LA-2 Uncertificated Interest
Class A-3 Certificates Class LA-3 Uncertificated Interest
Class A-4 Certificates Class LA-4 Uncertificated Interest
Class A-5 Certificates Class LA-5 Uncertificated Interest
Class A-SB Certificates Class LA-SB Uncertificated Interest
Class A-S Certificates Class LA-S Uncertificated Interest
Class B Certificates Class LB Uncertificated Interest
Class C Certificates Class LC Uncertificated Interest
Class D Certificates Class LD Uncertificated Interest
Class E Certificates Class LE Uncertificated Interest
Class F Certificates Class LF Uncertificated Interest
Class NR Certificates Class LNR Uncertificated Interest

 

Relevant Distribution Date” means with respect to (a) any Significant Obligor with respect to the Trust, the Distribution Date, and (b) any “significant obligor” (within the meaning of Item 1101(k) of Regulation AB) with respect to an Other Securitization holding a Serviced Companion Loan, the “Distribution Date” (or analogous concept) under the related Other Pooling and Servicing Agreement.

 

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Relevant Servicing Criteria”: The Servicing Criteria applicable to a specific party, as set forth onExhibit AA attached hereto. For clarification purposes, multiple parties can have responsibility for the same Relevant Servicing Criteria. With respect to a Servicing Function Participant engaged by the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, the term “Relevant Servicing Criteria” may refer to a portion of the Relevant Servicing Criteria applicable to the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Trustee and/or the Certificate Administrator.

 

REMIC”: A “real estate mortgage investment conduit” as defined in Section 860D of the Code (or any successor thereto).

 

REMIC Administrator”: The Certificate Administrator or any REMIC administrator appointed pursuant toSection 10.04.

 

REMIC Provisions”: Provisions of the federal income tax law relating to real estate mortgage investment conduits, which appear at Sections 860A through 860G of subchapter M of chapter 1 of the Code, and related provisions, and temporary and final Treasury Regulations (or proposed regulations that would apply by reason of their proposed effective date to the extent not inconsistent with temporary or final regulations) and any rulings or announcements promulgated thereunder, as the foregoing may be in effect from time to time.

 

Rents from Real Property”: With respect to any REO Property, gross income of the character described in Section 856(d) of the Code.

 

REO Account”: A segregated custodial account or accounts created and maintained by the Special Servicer pursuant toSection 3.14(b)on behalf of the Trustee for the benefit of the Certificateholders and with respect to any Serviced Whole Loan, for the benefit of the related Serviced Companion Noteholder, which shall initially be entitled “Rialto Capital Advisors, LLC [or the applicable successor Special Servicer], as Special Servicer, on behalf of Wilmington Trust, National Association, as Trustee, for the registered Holders of CSAIL 2016-C7 Commercial Mortgage Trust, Commercial Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates, Series 2016-C7 and the related Companion Loan Holder REO Account, as their interests may appear”. Any such account or accounts shall be an Eligible Account.

 

REO Acquisition”: The acquisition for federal income tax purposes of any REO Property pursuant toSection 3.09.

 

REO Disposition”: The sale or other disposition of the REO Property pursuant toSection 3.16.

 

REO Extension”: As defined inSection 3.14(a).

 

REO Loan”: Each of the Mortgage Loans (and, with respect to any Serviced Whole Loan, the related Companion Loan(s)) deemed for purposes hereof to be outstanding with respect to each REO Property. Each REO Loan shall be deemed to be outstanding for so long as the applicable portion of the related REO Property (or beneficial interest therein, in the case of a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) remains part of the Trust Fund and provides for Assumed Scheduled Payments on each Due Date therefor, and otherwise has the same terms and

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conditions as its predecessor Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan, if applicable, including, without limitation, with respect to the calculation of the Mortgage Rate in effect from time to time (such terms and conditions to be applied without regard to the default on such predecessor Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan, if applicable). Each REO Loan shall be deemed to have an initial outstanding principal balance and Stated Principal Balance equal to the outstanding principal balance and Stated Principal Balance, respectively, of its predecessor Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan, if applicable, as of the date of the related REO Acquisition. All amounts due and owing in respect of the predecessor Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan, if applicable, as of the date of the related REO Acquisition, including, without limitation, accrued and unpaid interest, shall continue to be due and owing in respect of an REO Loan. All amounts payable or reimbursable to the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Asset Representations Reviewer, the Certificate Administrator or the Trustee, as applicable, in respect of the predecessor Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan, if applicable, as of the date of the related REO Acquisition, including, without limitation, any unpaid Special Servicing Fees and Servicing Fees, additional Trust Fund expenses and any unreimbursed Advances, together with any interest accrued and payable to the Master Servicer or the Trustee, as applicable, in respect of such Advances in accordance withSection 3.03(d)orSection 4.03(d), shall continue to be payable or reimbursable to the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Asset Representations Reviewer, the Certificate Administrator or the Trustee, as applicable, in respect of an REO Loan. In addition, Unliquidated Advances and Nonrecoverable Advances with respect to such REO Loan, in each case, that were paid from collections on the related Mortgage Loans and resulted in principal distributed to the Certificateholders being reduced as a result of the first proviso in the definition of “Principal Distribution Amount” shall be deemed outstanding until recovered. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary, with respect to each Serviced Whole Loan, no amounts relating to the related REO Property or REO Loan allocable to the related Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan will be available for amounts due to the Certificateholders or to reimburse the Trust, other than in the limited circumstances related to Servicing Advances, indemnification payments, Special Servicing Fees and other reimbursable expenses related to such Serviced Whole Loan incurred with respect to such Serviced Whole Loan, in accordance withSection 3.05(a), as set forth in the related Intercreditor Agreement.

 

REO Mortgage Loan”: Any Mortgage Loan that has become an REO Loan.

 

REO Property”: A Mortgaged Property acquired by the Special Servicer on behalf of, and in the name of, the Trustee or a nominee thereof for the benefit of the Certificateholders (and the related Companion Holder, subject to the related Intercreditor Agreement, with respect to a Mortgaged Property securing a Serviced Whole Loan) to the extent set forth herein and the Trustee (as holder of the Lower-Tier Regular Interests) (and also including, if applicable, the Trust’s beneficial interest in a Non-Serviced Mortgaged Property acquired by the applicable Non-Serviced Special Servicer on behalf of, and in the name of, the applicable Non-Serviced Trustee or a nominee thereof for the benefit of the certificateholders under the applicable Non-Serviced Trust) through foreclosure, acceptance of a deed in lieu of foreclosure or otherwise in accordance with applicable law in connection with the default or imminent default of a Mortgage Loan. References herein to the Special Servicer acquiring, maintaining, managing, inspecting, insuring, selling or reporting or to Appraisal Reduction Amounts and Final Recovery Determinations with respect to an “REO Property”, shall not include the Trust’s beneficial interest in a Non-Serviced Mortgaged Property. For the avoidance

 

 

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of doubt, REO Property, to the extent allocable to a Companion Loan, shall not be an asset of the Trust Fund or any Trust REMIC.

 

REO Revenues”: All income, rents and profits derived from the ownership, operation or leasing of any REO Property.

 

Reportable Event”: As defined inSection 11.07.

 

Reporting Requirements”: As defined inSection 11.12.

 

Reporting Servicer”: The Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Operating Advisor, the Custodian or any Servicing Function Participant engaged by such parties, as the case may be.

 

Repurchase Request”: As defined inSection 2.02(g).

 

Repurchase Request Recipient”: As defined inSection 2.02(g).

 

Request for Release”: A release signed by a Servicing Officer of the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, in the form ofExhibit E attached hereto.

 

Requesting Certificateholder”: As defined inSection 2.03(l)(iii).

 

Requesting Holders”: As defined inSection 4.05(b).

 

Residual Ownership Interest”: Any record or beneficial interest in the Class R Certificates.

 

Resolution Failure”: As defined inSection 2.03(k)(iii).

 

Resolved”: With respect to a Repurchase Request, (i) that the related Material Defect has been cured, (ii) the related Mortgage Loan has been repurchased in accordance with the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement, (iii) a mortgage loan has been substituted for the related Mortgage Loan in accordance with the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement, (iv) the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller has paid the Loss of Value Payment, (v) a contractually binding agreement has been entered into between the Enforcing Servicer, on behalf of the Trust, and the related Mortgage Loan Seller that settles the related Mortgage Loan Seller’s obligations under the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement, or (vi) the related Mortgage Loan is no longer property of the Trust as a result of a sale or other disposition in accordance with this Agreement.

 

Responsible Officer”: When used with respect to (i) the Trustee, any officer of the Corporate Trust Office of the Trustee with direct responsibility for the administration of this Agreement and, with respect to a particular matter, any other officer to whom such matter is referred because of such officer’s knowledge of and familiarity with the particular subject and (ii) the Certificate Administrator, any officer assigned to the Corporate Trust Services group with direct responsibility for the administration of this Agreement and, with respect to a particular

 

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matter, any other officer to whom a particular matter is referred by the Certificate Administrator because of such officer’s knowledge of and familiarity with the particular subject.

 

Restricted Period”: The 40-day period prescribed by Regulation S commencing on the later of (a) the date upon which Certificates are first offered to Persons other than the Initial Purchaser or Underwriter and any other distributor (as such term is defined in Regulation S) of the Certificates and (b) the Closing Date.

 

Retained Fee Rate”: An amount equal to 0.00250%per annumwith respect to each Mortgage Loan.

 

Review Package”: A Rating Agency Confirmation request and any supporting documentation delivered therewith.

 

Rule 144A”: Rule 144A under the Act.

 

Rule 144A Book-Entry Certificate”: With respect to the Non-Registered Certificates offered and sold in reliance on Rule 144A, a single, permanent Book-Entry Certificate, in definitive, fully registered form without interest coupons.

 

S&P”: Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services, and its successors in interest. If neither S&P nor any successor remains in existence, “S&P” shall be deemed to refer to such other nationally recognized statistical rating agency or other comparable Person reasonably designated by the Depositor, notice of which designation shall be given to the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Master Servicer, the Directing Certificateholder and the Special Servicer and specific ratings of S&P herein referenced shall be deemed to refer to the equivalent ratings of the party so designated.

 

Sarbanes-Oxley Act”: The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and the rules and regulations of the Commission promulgated thereunder (including any interpretations thereof by the Commission’s staff).

 

Sarbanes-Oxley Certification”: As defined inSection 11.05(a)(iv).

 

Scheduled Principal Distribution Amount”: With respect to any Distribution Date, the aggregate of the principal portions of the following: (a) all Periodic Payments (excluding Balloon Payments) due in respect of such Mortgage Loans during or, if and to the extent not previously received or advanced pursuant toSection 4.03 in respect of a preceding Distribution Date (and not previously distributed to Certificateholders), prior to, the related Collection Period, and all Assumed Scheduled Payments with respect to the Mortgage Loans for the related Collection Period, in each case to the extent either (i) paid by the Mortgagor as of the Determination Date or such later date as would permit inclusion in the Available Funds for such Distribution Date (or (A) with respect to each Mortgage Loan with a Due Date occurring or a Grace Period ending after the related Determination Date, the related Due Date or last day of such Grace Period, as applicable, to the extent received by the Master Servicer as of the Business Day preceding the related P&I Advance Date and (B) with respect to a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, received by the Master Servicer as of such date as would permit inclusion in the Available Funds for such Distribution Date) or (ii) advanced by the Master Servicer or the Trustee, as

 

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applicable, pursuant toSection 4.03 in respect of such Distribution Date, and (b) all Balloon Payments with respect to the Mortgage Loans to the extent received on or prior to the related Determination Date or such later date as would permit inclusion in the Available Funds for such Distribution Date (or, with respect to each Mortgage Loan with a Due Date occurring or a Grace Period ending after the related Determination Date, the related Due Date or last day of such Grace Period, as applicable, to the extent received by the Master Servicer as of the Business Day preceding the related P&I Advance Date), and to the extent not included inclause (a) above for the subject Distribution Date or included in the Scheduled Principal Distribution Amount for any prior Distribution Date. All references to “Mortgage Loan”, “Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan” or “Mortgage Loans” in this definition shall include, without limitation, any REO Mortgage Loans, to the extent applicable.

 

Secure Data Room”: The website, which shall initially be located within the Certificate Administrator’s Website (initially “www.ctslink.com”), under the “Diligence Files” tab on the page relating to this transaction.

 

Securities Act”: The Securities Act of 1933, as it may be amended from time to time.

 

Security Agreement”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan, any security agreement or equivalent instrument, whether contained in the related Mortgage or executed separately, creating in favor of the holder of such Mortgage a security interest in the personal property constituting security for repayment of such Mortgage Loan.

 

Senior Certificate”: Any Class A Certificate (other than the Class A-S Certificates) or Class X Certificate.

 

Serviced AB Whole Loan”: For the avoidance of doubt, there is no Serviced AB Whole Loan under this Agreement.

 

Serviced Companion Loan”: Each of (a) Coconut Point Companion Loans, (b) the Gurnee Mills Companion Loans and (c) the Peachtree Mall Companion Loans, as applicable.

 

Serviced Companion Loan Securities”: Any commercial mortgage-backed securities that evidence an interest in or are secured by the assets of an issuing entity, which assets include a Companion Loan that is part of a Serviced Whole Loan (or a portion of or interest in such Companion Loan).

 

Serviced Companion Noteholder”: Each of the holders of (a) Coconut Point Companion Loans, (b) the Gurnee Mills Companion Loans and (c) the Peachtree Mall Companion Loans, as applicable.

 

Serviced Mortgage Loan”: Each of (a) the Coconut Point Mortgage Loan, (b) Gurnee Mills Mortgage Loan and (c) Peachtree Mall Mortgage Loan, as applicable.

 

Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan”: Each of (a) the Coconut Point Mortgage Loan, (b) Gurnee Mills Mortgage Loan and (c) Peachtree Mall Mortgage Loan.

 

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Serviced Pari Passu Mortgage Loan”: Each of (a) the Coconut Point Mortgage Loan, (b) Gurnee Mills Mortgage Loan and (c) Peachtree Mall Mortgage Loan.

 

Serviced Pari Passu Whole Loan”: Each of (a) the Coconut Point Whole Loan, (b) Gurnee Mills Whole Loan and (c) Peachtree Mall Whole Loan.

 

Serviced REO Loan”: Any REO Loan that is serviced by the Special Servicer pursuant to this Agreement.

 

Serviced REO Property”:  Any REO Property that is serviced by the Special Servicer pursuant to this Agreement.

 

Serviced Securitized Companion Loan”: Any Companion Loan that is a component of a Serviced Whole Loan, if and for so long as each such Companion Loan is included in a Regulation AB Companion Loan Securitization.

 

Serviced Whole Loan”: Each of (a) the Coconut Point Mortgage Loan, (b) Gurnee Mills Mortgage Loan and (c) Peachtree Mall Mortgage Loan, as applicable.

 

Serviced Whole Loan Controlling Holder”: The “Controlling Noteholder” or similar term identified in the Intercreditor Agreement related to a Serviced Whole Loan.

 

Serviced Whole Loan Remittance Date”: With respect to any Serviced Companion Loan: (i) the date specified as the applicable remittance date (or equivalent concept) in the related Intercreditor Agreement or (ii) if no such applicable remittance date (or equivalent concept) is so specified in the related Intercreditor Agreement, then the earlier of (A) the Remittance Date and (B) if the Companion Loan has been included in an Other Securitization, one (1) business day after the “determination date” (or any term substantially similar thereto) as defined in the related Other Pooling and Servicing Agreement, in each case, as long as the date on which the remittance is required is at least one (1) Business Day after the Due Date.

 

Servicer Termination Event”: One or more of the events described inSection 7.01(a).

 

Servicing Account”: The account or accounts created and maintained pursuant toSection 3.03(a).

 

Servicing Advances”: All customary, reasonable and necessary “out of pocket” costs and expenses (including attorneys’ fees and expenses and fees of real estate brokers) incurred by the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, Certificate Administrator, or the Trustee, as applicable, in connection with the servicing and administering of (a) a Mortgage Loan (and in the case of a Serviced Mortgage Loan, the related Serviced Companion Loan), other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, in respect of which a default, delinquency or other unanticipated event has occurred or as to which a default is reasonably foreseeable or (b) a Mortgaged Property securing a Mortgage Loan (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) or an REO Property (other than an REO Property related to a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan), including, in the case of each of suchclause (a) andclause (b), but not limited to, (x) the cost of (i) compliance with the Master Servicer’s obligations set forth inSection 3.03(c), (ii) the preservation, restoration and

 

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protection of a Mortgaged Property, (iii) obtaining any Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds or any Liquidation Proceeds of the nature described inclauses (i)(vi) of the definition of “Liquidation Proceeds,” (iv) any enforcement or judicial proceedings with respect to a Mortgaged Property, including foreclosures and (v) the operation, leasing, management, maintenance and liquidation of any REO Property and (y) any amount specifically designated herein to be paid as a “Servicing Advance”. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary, “Servicing Advances” shall not include allocable overhead of the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, such as costs for office space, office equipment, supplies and related expenses, employee salaries and related expenses and similar internal costs and expenses or costs and expenses incurred by any such party in connection with its purchase of a Mortgage Loan or REO Property. None of the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer or the Trustee shall make any Servicing Advance in connection with the exercise of any cure rights or purchase rights granted to the holder of a Companion Loan under the related Intercreditor Agreement or this Agreement.

 

Servicing Criteria”: The criteria set forth in paragraph (d) of Item 1122 of Regulation AB as such may be amended from time to time and which as of the Closing Date are listed onExhibit AA hereto.

 

Servicing Fee”: With respect to each Mortgage Loan (including each Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan), Serviced Companion Loan and each successor REO Loan, the fee payable to the Master Servicer pursuant to the first paragraph ofSection 3.11(a).

 

Servicing Fee Rate”: With respect to each Mortgage Loan (including any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) and each successor REO Mortgage Loan, aper annum rate equal to the rate set forth on the Mortgage Loan Schedule under the heading “Servicing Fee Rate”, which rate includes, in each such case, the rate at which applicable master, primary (other than any Non-Serviced Primary Servicing Fee Rate, which is not included under such heading) and sub-servicing fees accrue, in each case computed on the basis of the Stated Principal Balance of the related Mortgage Loan, Whole Loan or REO Loan in the same manner in which interest is calculated in respect of such loans. With respect to (a) Coconut Point Companion Loans, (b) the Gurnee Mills Companion Loans and (c) the Peachtree Mall Companion Loans, the “Servicing Fee Rate” shall be aper annum rate equal to 0.00250%.

 

Servicing File”: A photocopy of all items required to be included in the Mortgage File, together with each of the following, to the extent such items were actually delivered to the related Mortgage Loan Seller, with respect to a Mortgage Loan and (to the extent that the identified documents existed on or before the Closing Date and the applicable reference to Servicing File relates to any period after the Closing Date) delivered by the related Mortgage Loan Seller, to the Master Servicer: (i) a copy of any engineering reports or property condition reports; (ii) other than with respect to a hotel property (except with respect to tenanted commercial space within a hotel property), copies of a rent roll and, for any office, retail, industrial or warehouse property, a copy of all leases and estoppels and subordination and non-disturbance agreements delivered to the related Mortgage Loan Seller; (iii) copies of related financial statements or operating statements; (iv) all legal opinions (excluding attorney-client communications between the related Mortgage Loan Seller, and its counsel that are privileged communications or constitute legal or other due diligence analyses), Mortgagor’s certificates and certificates of hazard insurance and/or hazard insurance policies or other applicable insurance

 

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policies, if any, delivered in connection with the closing of the related Mortgage Loan; (v) a copy of the Appraisal for the related Mortgaged Property(ies); (vi) the documents that were delivered by or on behalf of the Mortgagor, which documents were required to be delivered in connection with the closing of the related Mortgage Loan; (vii) for any Mortgage Loan that the related Mortgaged Property is leased to a single tenant, a copy of the lease; and (viii) a copy of all environmental reports that were received by the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller, relating to the relevant Mortgaged Property.

 

Servicing Function Participant”: Any Additional Servicer, Sub-Servicer, Subcontractor or any other Person, other than the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Trustee, the Operating Advisor and the Certificate Administrator, that is performing activities that address the Servicing Criteria, unless (i) such Person’s activities relate only to 5% or less of the Mortgage Loans by unpaid principal balance as of any date of determination in accordance withArticle XI or (ii) the Depositor reasonably determines that a Master Servicer or the Special Servicer may, for the purposes of the Exchange Act reporting requirements pursuant to applicable Commission guidance, take responsibility for the assessment of compliance with the Servicing Criteria of such Person. The Servicing Function Participants as of the Closing Date are listed onExhibit GG hereto.Exhibit GGshall be updated and provided to the Depositor and the Certificate Administrator in accordance withSection 11.10(c).

 

Servicing Officer”: Any officer and/or employee of the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer or any Additional Servicer involved in, or responsible for, the administration and servicing of the Mortgage Loans or Serviced Companion Loans, whose name and specimen signature appear on a list of servicing officers furnished by the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer or any Additional Servicer to the Certificate Administrator, the Trustee, the Operating Advisor and the Depositor on the Closing Date as such list may be amended from time to time thereafter.

 

Servicing Standard”: As defined inSection 3.01(a).

 

Servicing Transfer Event”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) or related Serviced Companion Loan, the occurrence of any of the following events:

 

(a)          the related Mortgagor has failed to make when due any Periodic Payment or a Balloon Payment, which failure continues unremedied (without regard to any grace period):

 

(i)        except in the case of a Balloon Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan delinquent in respect of its Balloon Payment, for 60 days beyond the date on which the subject payment was due, or

 

(ii)        solely in the case of a delinquent Balloon Payment, (A) 60 days beyond the date on which such Balloon Payment was due (except as described inclause B below) or (B) in the case of a Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan delinquent with respect to the Balloon Payment as to which the related Mortgagor delivered to the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer (and in either such case

 

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the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, shall promptly deliver a copy thereof to the other servicer), a refinancing commitment acceptable to the Special Servicer prior to the date 60 days after the Balloon Payment was due, for 120 days beyond the date on which the Balloon Payment was due (or such shorter period beyond the date on which that Balloon Payment as due during which the refinancing is scheduled to occur);

 

(b)         there shall have occurred a default (other than as set forth inclause (a) above and other than an Acceptable Insurance Default) that (i) in the judgment of the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer (in the case of the Special Servicer, (i) with the consent of the Directing Certificateholder, unless a Control Termination Event has occurred and is continuing or (ii) if a Control Termination Event has occurred and is continuing, following consultation with the Directing Certificateholder (other than with respect to an Excluded Mortgage Loan), unless a Consultation Termination Event has occurred and is continuing), materially impairs the value of the related Mortgaged Property as security for the Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan or otherwise materially adversely affects the interests of Certificateholders in the Mortgage Loan (or, in the case of a Serviced Whole Loan, the interests of the Certificateholders or the related Serviced Companion Noteholder in such Serviced Whole Loan), and (ii) continues unremedied for the applicable grace period under the terms of the Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan (or, if no grace period is specified and the default is capable of being cured, for 30 days);provided that any default that results in acceleration of the related Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan without the application of any grace period under the related Mortgage Loan documents shall be deemed not to have a grace period; andprovided,further, that any default requiring a Servicing Advance will be deemed to materially and adversely affect the interests of the Certificateholders in the Mortgage Loan (or, in the case of any Serviced Whole Loan, the interests of the Certificateholders or the related Serviced Companion Noteholder in the Serviced Whole Loan); or

 

(c)          the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer has determined (and, in the case of the Special Servicer, (i) with the consent of the Directing Certificateholder (other than with respect to an Excluded Mortgage Loan), unless a Control Termination Event has occurred and is continuing or (ii) if a Control Termination Event has occurred and is continuing, following consultation with the Directing Certificateholder (other than with respect to an Excluded Mortgage Loan), unless a Consultation Termination Event has occurred and is continuing, that (i) a default (other than an Acceptable Insurance Default) under the Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan is reasonably foreseeable, (ii) such default will materially impair the value of the related Mortgaged Property as security for such Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan or otherwise materially adversely affects the interests of Certificateholders in the Mortgage Loan (or, in the case of a Serviced Whole Loan, the interests of the Certificateholders or any related Companion Loan Holder in the Serviced Whole Loan), and (iii) the default is likely to continue unremedied for the applicable grace period under the terms of such Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan or, if no grace period is specified and the default is capable of being cured, for 30 days;provided that any default that results in acceleration of the related Mortgage

 

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Loan or Serviced Whole Loan without the application of any grace period under the related Mortgage Loan documents shall be deemed not to have a grace period; or

 

(d)         a decree or order of a court or agency or supervisory authority having jurisdiction in the premises in any involuntary case under any present or future federal or state bankruptcy, insolvency or similar law or the appointment of a conservator or receiver or liquidator in any insolvency, readjustment of debt, marshaling of assets and liabilities or similar proceedings, or for the winding up or liquidation of its affairs, shall have been entered against the related Mortgagor and such decree or order shall have remained in force and not dismissed for a period of 60 days (or a shorter period if the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer (and, in the case of the Special Servicer, (i) with the consent of the Directing Certificateholder (other than with respect to an Excluded Mortgage Loan), unless a Control Termination Event has occurred and is continuing, or (ii) if a Control Termination Event has occurred and is continuing, following consultation with the Directing Certificateholder (other than with respect to an Excluded Mortgage Loan), unless a Consultation Termination Event has occurred and is continuing) determines in accordance with the Servicing Standard that the circumstances warrant that the related Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan (or REO Mortgage Loan or REO Serviced Companion Loan) be transferred to special servicing); or

 

(e)          the related Mortgagor consents to the appointment of a conservator or receiver or liquidator in any insolvency, readjustment of debt, marshaling of assets and liabilities or similar proceedings of or relating to such Mortgagor or of or relating to all or substantially all of its property; or

 

(f)          the related Mortgagor shall admit in writing its inability to pay its debts generally as they become due, file a petition to take advantage of any applicable insolvency or reorganization statute, make an assignment for the benefit of its creditors, or voluntarily suspend payment of its obligations; or

 

(g)          the Master Servicer shall have received notice of the commencement of foreclosure or similar proceedings with respect to the related Mortgaged Property;

 

providedthat any Mortgage Loan (excluding any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) that is cross-collateralized with a Specially Serviced Loan shall be a Specially Serviced Loan so long as such Mortgage Loan is cross-collateralized with a Specially Serviced Loan. If any Serviced Companion Loan becomes a Specially Serviced Loan, the related Serviced Mortgage Loan shall also become a Specially Serviced Loan. If any Serviced Mortgage Loan becomes a Specially Serviced Loan, the related Serviced Companion Loan shall also become a Specially Serviced Loan. With respect to a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, the occurrence of a “Servicing Transfer Event” shall be as defined in the Non-Serviced PSA.

 

Significant Obligor”: As defined inSection 11.16(g).

 

Significant Obligor NOI Quarterly Filing Deadline”: With respect to each calendar quarter (other than the fourth calendar quarter of any calendar year), the date that is fifteen (15) days after the Relevant Distribution Date occurring on or immediately following the

 

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date by which the related Mortgagor is required to deliver quarterly financial statements to the lender under the related Loan Agreement in connection with such calendar quarter (which date is set forth inSection 11.12 for any Significant Obligor with respect to the Trust). The Depositor, the Master Servicer and the Certificate Administrator acknowledge that in the event the Mortgaged Property securing the related Serviced Companion Loan is a “significant obligor” (within the meaning of Item 1101(k) of Regulation AB) with respect to an Other Securitization that includes such Serviced Companion Loan, the date on which quarterly financial statements are required to be delivered to the related lender under the related Mortgage Loan documents is, (a) with respect to net operating income information, for the Coconut Point Pari Passu Companion Loans, forty-five (45) days following the end of each fiscal quarter, subject to the terms of the related loan agreement, (b) with respect to net operating income information, for the Gurnee Mills Pari Passu Companion Loans, forty-five (45) days following the end of each fiscal quarter, subject to the terms of the related loan agreement, and (c) with respect to net operating income information, for the Peachtree Mall Pari Passu Companion Loan, forty-five (45) days following the end of each fiscal quarter, subject to the terms of the related loan agreement.

 

Significant Obligor NOI Yearly Filing Deadline”: With respect to each calendar year, the date that is the 90th day after the end of such calendar year.

 

Silverpeak”: Silverpeak Real Estate Finance LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, and its successors in interest.

 

Similar Law”: As defined inSection 5.03(m).

 

Sole Certificateholder”: Any Certificate Owner, or Certificate Owners acting in unanimity, of a Book-Entry Certificate or a Holder, or Holders acting in unanimity, of a Definitive Certificate holding 100% of the then-outstanding Class X-E, Class X-F, Class X-NR, Class E, Class F and Class NR Certificates;provided,however, that the Certificate Balances and/or Notional Amounts, as applicable, of the Class A-1, Class A-2, Class A-3, Class A-4, Class A-5, Class A-SB, Class A-S, Class X-A, Class X-B, Class B, Class C and Class D Certificates have been reduced to zero.

 

Special Notice”: As defined inSection 5.06.

 

Special Servicer”: With respect to (i) each of the Mortgage Loans (other than any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan and any Excluded Special Servicer Loan) and the Serviced Companion Loans, Rialto Capital Advisors, LLC, and its successors in interest and assigns, or any successor special servicer appointed as herein provided and (ii) any Excluded Special Servicer Loan, if any, the related Excluded Special Servicer appointed pursuant toSection 7.01(g) of this Agreement, as applicable and as the context may require.

 

Special Servicer Decision”: Collectively:

 

(a)           approving leases, lease modifications or amendments or any requests for subordination non-disturbance and attornment agreements or other similar agreements for leases in excess of the lesser of 30,000 square feet and 30% of the net rentable area of the related Mortgaged Property, so long as it is considered a “major lease” or otherwise reviewable by the lender under the related Mortgage Loan documents;

 

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(b)           approving any waiver regarding the receipt of financial statements (other than immaterial timing waivers);

 

(c)           approving annual budgets for the related Mortgaged Property with increases (in excess of 10%) in operating expenses or payments to affiliates of the related Mortgagor (excluding affiliated managers paid at fee rates agreed to at the origination of the related Mortgage Loan (excluding any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loans) or Serviced Whole Loan);

 

(d)          agreeing to any modification, waiver, consent or amendment of the related Mortgage Loan (other than Non-Serviced Mortgage Loans) or Serviced Whole Loan in connection with a defeasance if such proposed modification, waiver, consent or amendment is with respect to (i) a waiver of a Mortgage Loan event of default, (ii) a modification of the type of defeasance collateral required under the related Mortgage Loan documents such that defeasance collateral other than direct, non-callable obligations of the United States of America would be permitted or (iii) a modification that would permit a principal prepayment instead of defeasance if the related Mortgage Loan documents do not otherwise permit such principal prepayment; provided that the foregoing is not otherwise a Major Decision;

 

(e)           any requests for the funding or disbursement of amounts from any escrow accounts, reserve funds or letters of credit held as “performance”, “earn-out”, “holdback” or similar escrows or reserves with respect to any of the Mortgage Loans or Serviced Whole Loans, but excluding (subject to clause (f) below), as to Mortgage Loans and Serviced Whole Loans which are non-Specially Serviced Loans, any routine and/or customary escrow and reserve fundings or disbursements for which the satisfaction of performance-related criteria or lender discretion is not required or permitted pursuant to the terms of the related loan documents (for the avoidance of doubt, other than as set forth in clause (f) below, any request with respect to a Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan that is a non-Specially Serviced Loan for the funding or disbursement of ordinary course impounds, repair and replacement reserves, lender approved budget and operating expenses, and tenant improvements pursuant to an approved lease, each in accordance with the loan documents or any other funding or disbursement as mutually agreed upon by the Master Servicer and Special Servicer, will not constitute a Special Servicer Decision;

 

(f)          any requests for the funding or disbursement of amounts from any escrow accounts, reserve funds or letters of credit in the case of certain Mortgage Loans (but excluding Non-Serviced Whole Loans) whose escrows, reserves, holdbacks and related letters of credit exceed, in the aggregate (but excluding tax and insurance escrows), at the related origination date, 10% of the initial principal balance of such Mortgage Loan (which Mortgage Loans are identified onSchedule 3 to this Agreement), except for the routine funding of tax payments and insurance premiums when due and payable (provided the Mortgage Loan is not a Specially Serviced Mortgage Loan);

 

(g)          in circumstances where no lender discretion is permitted other than confirming that the conditions in the related Mortgage Loan documents have been

 

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satisfied (including determining whether any applicable terms or tests are satisfied), any request to incur additional debt in accordance with the terms of the related Mortgage Loan documents;

 

(h)         in circumstances where no lender discretion is required other than confirming the satisfaction of the applicable terms of the Mortgage Loan documents (including determining whether any applicable terms or tests are satisfied), processing requests for any release of collateral or any acceptance of substitute or additional collateral for a Mortgage Loan; provided that, in any case, Special Servicer Decisions will not include (i) the release, substitution or addition of collateral securing any Mortgage Loan (other than Non-Serviced Mortgage Loans) or Serviced Whole Loan in connection with a defeasance of such collateral; or (ii) that are related to any condemnation action that is pending, or threatened in writing, and would affect a non-material portion of the Mortgaged Property; provided that such release or substitution or addition of collateral is not a Major Decision;

 

(i)           approving easements or rights of way that materially affect the use or value of a Mortgaged Property or the Mortgagor’s ability to make payments with respect to the related Mortgage Loan; and

 

(j)           approving any requests for modification or amendment of a ground lease or entry into a new ground lease;

 

provided,however, that notwithstanding the foregoing, “Special Servicer Decision” shall not include any matter listed in the foregoingclauses (a) through(j) requested with respect to a Non-Specially Serviced Loan if the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer have mutually agreed, as contemplated bySection 3.18(a) that the Master Servicer will process such matter with respect to such Non-Specially Serviced Loan. If the Master Servicer and Special Servicer mutually agree that the Master Servicer will process a Special Servicer Decision, the Master Servicer shall obtain the Special Servicer’s prior consent to such Special Servicer Decision and the Master Servicer and Special Servicer shall each be entitled to 50% of any fee paid in connection with such Special Servicer Decision.

 

Special Servicing Fee”: With respect to each Specially Serviced Loan and REO Loan (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan), the fee payable to the Special Servicer pursuant toSection 3.11(b).

 

Special Servicing Fee Rate”: With respect to each Specially Serviced Loan and each REO Loan on a loan-by-loan basis (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan), (a) 0.25% per annum computed on the basis of the Stated Principal Balance of the related Mortgage Loan (including any REO Loan) and Companion Loan, in the same manner as interest is calculated on the Specially Serviced Loans or REO Loans or (b) if such rate inclause (a) would result in a Special Servicing Fee with respect to a Specially Serviced Loan or REO Property (other than an REO Property acquired with respect to any Non-Serviced Whole Loan) that would be less than $5,000 in any given month, then the Special Servicing Fee Rate for such month for such Specially Serviced Loan or REO Property shall be such higherper annum rate as

 

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would result in a Special Servicing Fee equal to $5,000 for such month with respect to such Specially Serviced Loan or REO Property.

 

Specially Serviced Loan”: As defined inSection 3.01(a).

 

Sponsors”: The Mortgage Loan Sellers.

 

Startup Day”: The day designated as such inSection 10.01(b).

 

Stated Principal Balance”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan, as of any date of determination, an amount equal to (x) the Cut-off Date Balance of such Mortgage Loan (or in the case of a Qualified Substitute Mortgage Loan, the unpaid principal balance of such Mortgage Loan after application of all scheduled payments of principal and interest due during or prior to the month of substitution, whether or not received)minus (y) the sum of:

 

(i)          the principal portion of each Periodic Payment due on such Mortgage Loan after the Cut-off Date (or in the case of a Qualified Substitute Mortgage Loan, the Due Date in the related month of substitution), to the extent received from the Mortgagor as of the Determination Date for, or advanced by the Master Servicer for, the most recent Distribution Date coinciding with or preceding such date of determination;

 

(ii)         all Principal Prepayments received with respect to such Mortgage Loan after the Cut-off Date (or in the case of a Qualified Substitute Mortgage Loan, the Due Date in the related month of substitution) and on or prior to the Determination Date for the most recent Distribution Date coinciding with or preceding such date of determination;

 

(iii)        the principal portion of all Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds and Liquidation Proceeds received with respect to such Mortgage Loan after the Cut-off Date (or in the case of a Qualified Substitute Mortgage Loan, the Due Date in the related month of substitution) and on or prior to the Determination Date for the most recent Distribution Date coinciding with or preceding such date of determination; and

 

(iv)        any reduction in the outstanding principal balance of such Mortgage Loan resulting from a Deficient Valuation or a modification of such Mortgage Loan pursuant to the terms and provisions of this Agreement that occurred on or prior to the Determination Date for the most recent Distribution Date coinciding with or preceding such date of determination.

 

With respect to any REO Loan that is a successor to a Mortgage Loan, as of any date of determination, an amount equal to (x) the Stated Principal Balance of the predecessor Mortgage Loan as of the date of the related REO Acquisition,minus (y) the sum of:

 

(i)          the principal portion of any P&I Advance made with respect to such REO Loan for each Distribution Date coinciding with or preceding such date of determination; and

 

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(ii)         the principal portion of all Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds, Liquidation Proceeds and REO Revenues received with respect to such REO Loan on or prior to the Determination Date for the most recent Distribution Date coinciding with or preceding such date of determination.

 

A Mortgage Loan or an REO Loan that is a successor to a Mortgage Loan shall be deemed to be part of the Trust Fund and to have an outstanding Stated Principal Balance until the Distribution Date on which the payments or other proceeds, if any, received in connection with a Liquidation Event in respect thereof are to be (or, if no such payments or other proceeds are received in connection with such Liquidation Event, would have been) distributed to Certificateholders.

 

With respect to each Companion Loan on any date of determination, the Stated Principal Balance shall equal the unpaid principal balance of such Companion Loan as of such date. On any date of determination, the Stated Principal Balance of each Whole Loan shall be the sum of the Stated Principal Balances of the related Mortgage Loan and the related Companion Loan on such date.

 

With respect to any REO Loan that is a successor to a Companion Loan as of any date of determination, the Stated Principal Balance shall equal (x) the Stated Principal Balance of the predecessor Companion Loan as of the date of the related REO Acquisition,minus (y) the principal portion of any amounts allocable to the related Companion Loan in accordance with the related Intercreditor Agreement.

 

Subcontractor”: Any vendor, subcontractor or other Person that is not responsible for the overall servicing (as “servicing” is commonly understood by participants in the mortgage-backed securities market) of Mortgage Loans but performs one or more discrete functions identified in Item 1122(d) of Regulation AB with respect to Mortgage Loans under the direction or authority of the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor, an Additional Servicer or a Sub-Servicer.

 

Subordinate Certificate”: Any Class A-S, Class B, Class C, Class D, Class E, Class F and Class NR Certificate.

 

Subordinate Companion Holder”: The holder of any AB Subordinate Companion Loan.

 

Sub-Servicer”: Any Person that services Mortgage Loans on behalf of the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer or an Additional Servicer and is responsible for the performance (whether directly or through Sub-Servicers or Subcontractors) of a substantial portion of the material servicing functions required to be performed by the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer or an Additional Servicer under this Agreement, with respect to some or all of the Mortgage Loans that are identified in Item 1122(d) of Regulation AB.

 

Sub-Servicing Agreement”: The written contract between the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as the case may be, and any Sub-Servicer relating to servicing and administration of Mortgage Loans as provided inSection 3.20.

 

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Substitution Shortfall Amount”: With respect to a substitution pursuant toSection 2.03(b) hereof, an amount equal to the excess, if any, of the Purchase Price of the Mortgage Loan being replaced calculated as of the date of substitution over the Stated Principal Balance of the related Qualified Substitute Mortgage Loan after application of all scheduled payments of principal and interest due during or prior to the month of substitution. In the event that one or more Qualified Substitute Mortgage Loans are substituted (at the same time by the same Mortgage Loan Seller) for one or more removed Mortgage Loans, the Substitution Shortfall Amount shall be determined as provided in the preceding sentence on the basis of the aggregate Purchase Prices of the Mortgage Loan(s) being replaced and the aggregate Stated Principal Balances of the related Qualified Substitute Mortgage Loan(s).

 

Surviving Entity”: As defined inSection 6.03(b).

 

Tax Returns”: The federal income tax returns on Internal Revenue Service Form 1066, U.S. Real Estate Mortgage Investment Conduit (REMIC) Income Tax Return, including Schedule Q thereto, Quarterly Notice to Residual Interest Holders of REMIC Taxable Income or Net Loss Allocation, or any successor forms, to be filed on behalf of each Trust REMIC due to its respective classification as a REMIC under the REMIC Provisions, together with any and all other information, reports or returns that may be required to be furnished to the Certificateholders or filed with the Internal Revenue Service or any other governmental taxing authority under any applicable provisions of federal tax law or Applicable State and Local Tax Law.

 

Temporary Regulation S Book-Entry Certificate”: As defined inSection 5.02(a).

 

Transfer”: Any direct or indirect transfer, sale, pledge, hypothecation, or other form of assignment of any Ownership Interest in a Certificate.

 

Transferable Servicing Interest”: The amount by which the Servicing Fee otherwise payable to the Master Servicer hereunder exceeds the sum of (i) the Primary Servicing Fee and (ii) the amount of the Servicing Fee calculated using the Retained Fee Rate, which is subject to reduction by the Trustee pursuant toSection 3.11(a) of this Agreement.

 

Transferee”: Any Person who is acquiring by Transfer any Ownership Interest in a Certificate.

 

Transferee Affidavit”: As defined inSection 5.03(n)(ii).

 

Transferor”: Any Person who is disposing by Transfer any Ownership Interest in a Certificate.

 

Transferor Letter”: As defined inSection 5.03(n)(ii).

 

Trust”: The trust created hereby and to be administered hereunder. The Trust shall be named: “CSAIL 2016-C7 Commercial Mortgage Trust”.

 

Trust Fund”: The corpus of the Trust created hereby and to be administered hereunder, consisting of: (i) such Mortgage Loans as from time to time are subject to this

 

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Agreement (including any Qualified Substitute Mortgage Loan replacing a removed Mortgage Loan), together with the Mortgage Files relating thereto (subject to, in the case of a Serviced Whole Loan, the interests of the related Serviced Companion Noteholder in the related Mortgage File); (ii) all scheduled or unscheduled payments on or collections in respect of the Mortgage Loans due after the Cut-off Date (or with respect to a Qualified Substitute Mortgage Loan, the Due Date in the month of substitution); (iii) any REO Property (to the extent of the Trust’s interest therein) or the Trust’s beneficial interest in the Mortgaged Property securing a Non-Serviced Whole Loan acquired under the related Non-Serviced PSA; (iv) all revenues received in respect of any REO Property (to the extent of the Trust’s interest therein); (v) the Master Servicer’s, the Special Servicer’s, the Certificate Administrator’s and the Trustee’s rights under the insurance policies with respect to the Mortgage Loans required to be maintained pursuant to this Agreement and any proceeds thereof (to the extent of the Trust’s interest therein); (vi) any Assignment of Leases and any security agreements (to the extent of the Trust’s interest therein); (vii) any letters of credit, indemnities, guaranties or lease enhancement policies given as additional security for any related Mortgage Loans (to the extent of the Trust’s interest therein); (viii) all assets deposited in the Loss of Value Reserve Fund and the Servicing Accounts (to the extent of the Trust’s interest therein), amounts on deposit in the Collection Account (to the extent of the Trust’s interest therein), the Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account, the Upper-Tier REMIC Distribution Account, the Interest Reserve Account, the Gain-on-Sale Reserve Account (to the extent of the Trust’s interest in such Gain-on-Sale Reserve Account) and any REO Account (to the extent of the Trust’s interest in such REO Account), including any reinvestment income, as applicable; (ix) any Environmental Indemnity Agreements (to the extent of the Trust’s interest therein); (x) the rights and remedies of the Depositor under each Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement (to the extent transferred to the Trustee); (xi) the Lower-Tier Regular Interests; and (xii) the proceeds of the foregoing (other than any interest earned on deposits in the lock-box accounts, cash collateral accounts, escrow accounts and any reserve accounts, to the extent such interest belongs to the related Mortgagor).

 

Trust Related Litigation”: As defined inSection 3.32(a) of this Agreement.

 

Trust REMIC”: as defined in the Preliminary Statement.

 

Trustee”: Wilmington Trust, National Association, or its successor in interest, in its capacity as trustee and its successors in interest, or any successor trustee appointed as herein provided.

 

UCC”: The Uniform Commercial Code, as enacted in each applicable state (and, if applicable, the District of Columbia).

 

UCC Financing Statement”: A financing statement prepared and filed pursuant to the UCC, as in effect in the relevant jurisdiction.

 

Underwriter”: Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC.

 

Uninsured Cause”: Any cause of damage to property subject to a Mortgage such that the complete restoration of such property is not fully reimbursable by the hazard insurance policies or flood insurance policies required to be maintained pursuant toSection 3.07.

 

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United States Securities Person”: Any “U.S. person” as defined in Rule 902(k) of Regulation S.

 

Unliquidated Advance”: Any Advance previously made by a party hereto that has been previously reimbursed, as between the Person that made the Advance hereunder, on the one hand, and the Trust, on the other, as part of a Workout-Delayed Reimbursement Amount pursuant tosubsections (iii) and(iv) ofSection 3.05(a) but that has not been recovered from the Mortgagor or otherwise from collections on or the proceeds of the related Mortgage Loan or REO Property in respect of which the Advance was made.

 

Unscheduled Principal Distribution Amount”: With respect to any Distribution Date, the aggregate of the following: (a) all Principal Prepayments received on the Mortgage Loans during the applicable one-month period ending on the related Determination Date (or, in the case of a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, received by the Master Servicer during such period as would allow inclusion in the Available Funds for such Distribution Date) and (b) the principal portions of all Liquidation Proceeds, Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds and, if applicable, REO Revenues received with respect to such Mortgage Loan and any REO Properties during the applicable one-month period ending on the related Determination Date (or, in the case of a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, received by the Master Servicer during such period as would allow inclusion in the Available Funds for such Distribution Date), but in each case only to the extent that such principal portion represents a recovery of principal for which no advance was previously made pursuant toSection 4.03 in respect of a preceding Distribution Date;provided that all such Liquidation Proceeds and Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds shall be reduced by any unpaid Special Servicing Fees, Liquidation Fees and Workout Fees payable as of the date of receipt of such proceeds, any amount related to the Loss of Value Payments to the extent that such amount was transferred into the Collection Account during the applicable one-month period ending on the related Determination Date, accrued interest on Advances and other additional Trust Fund expenses incurred in connection with the related Mortgage Loan and payable as of the date of receipt of such proceeds, thus reducing the Unscheduled Principal Distribution Amount.

 

Upper-Tier REMIC”: One of the two separate REMICs comprising the Trust, the assets of which consist of the Lower-Tier Regular Interests and such amounts as shall from time to time be held in the Upper-Tier REMIC Distribution Account.

 

Upper-Tier REMIC Distribution Account”: The segregated account or accounts (or a subaccount of the Distribution Account) created and maintained by the Certificate Administrator (on behalf of the Trustee) pursuant toSection 3.04(b) in trust for the Certificateholders, which shall initially be entitled “Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as Certificate Administrator, on behalf of Wilmington Trust, National Association, as Trustee, for the registered Holders of CSAIL 2016-C7 Commercial Mortgage Trust, Commercial Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates, Series 2016-C7, Upper-Tier REMIC Distribution Account”. Any such account or accounts shall be an Eligible Account.

 

U.S. Dollars” or “$”: Lawful money of the United States of America.

 

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U.S. Tax Person”: A citizen or resident of the United States, a corporation or partnership (except to the extent provided in applicable Treasury Regulations) or other entity created or organized in, or under the laws of, the United States, any State thereof or the District of Columbia, including any entity treated as a corporation or partnership for federal income tax purposes, an estate whose income is subject to United States federal income tax regardless of its source or a trust if a court within the United States is able to exercise primary supervision over the administration of such trust, and one or more such U.S. Tax Persons have the authority to control all substantial decisions of such trust (or, to the extent provided in applicable Treasury Regulations, certain trusts in existence on August 20, 1996 that have elected to be treated as U.S. Tax Persons).

 

Voting Rights”: The portion of the voting rights of all of the Certificates which is allocated to any Certificate. At all times during the term of this Agreement, the Voting Rights shall be allocated among the various Classes of Certificateholders as follows: (i) 0% in the case of the Class R Certificates, (ii) 2% in the case of the Class X-A, Class X-B, Class X-E, Class X-F and Class X-NR Certificates (allocatedpro rata, based upon their respective Notional Amounts as of the date of determination) and (iii) in the case of any Class of Principal Balance Certificates (or, with respect to a vote of Non-Reduced Certificates, in the case of any Class of Non-Reduced Certificates), a percentage equal to the product of 98% and a fraction, the numerator of which is equal to the Certificate Balance (and solely in connection with any vote for purposes of determining whether to remove the Special Servicer pursuant toSection 7.01(d) or the Operating Advisor pursuant toSection 3.26(j), taking into account any notional reduction in the Certificate Balance for Appraisal Reduction Amounts allocated to the Certificates pursuant toSection 4.05(a) hereof) of such Class, in each case, determined as of the Distribution Date immediately preceding such time, and the denominator of which is equal to the aggregate Certificate Balance (and solely in connection with any vote for purposes of determining whether to remove the Special Servicer pursuant toSection 7.01(d) or the Operating Advisor pursuant toSection 3.26(j), taking into account any notional reduction in the Certificate Balance for Appraisal Reduction Amounts allocated to the Certificates pursuant toSection 4.05(a) hereof) of the Principal Balance Certificates (or, if with respect to a vote of Non-Reduced Certificates, the aggregate of the Certificate Balances of all Classes of the Non-Reduced Certificates), each determined as of the Distribution Date immediately preceding such time. The Class R Certificates will not be entitled to any Voting Rights.

 

Weighted Average Net Mortgage Rate”: With respect to any Distribution Date, the weighted average of the applicable Net Mortgage Rates of the Mortgage Loans (including any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loans) and REO Mortgage Loans as of the first day of the related Collection Period, weighted on the basis of their respective Stated Principal Balances immediately following the preceding Distribution Date (or, in the case of the initial Distribution Date, as of the Closing Date).

 

Whole Loan”: Any of (i) the Coconut Point Whole Loan, (ii) the 9 West 57th Street Whole Loan, (iii) the Peachtree Mall Whole Loan, (iv) the Gurnee Mills Whole Loan and (v) the GLP Industrial Portfolio B Whole Loan.

 

Withheld Amounts”: As defined inSection 3.21(a).

 

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Workout-Delayed Reimbursement Amounts”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan, the amount of any Advances made with respect to such Mortgage Loan on or before the date such Mortgage Loan becomes (or, but for the making of three Periodic Payments under its modified terms, would then constitute) a Corrected Loan, together with (to the extent accrued and unpaid) interest on such Advances, to the extent that (i) such Advance (and accrued and unpaid interest thereon) is not reimbursed to the Person who made such Advance on or before the date, if any, on which Mortgage Loan becomes a Corrected Loan and (ii) the amount of such Advance (and accrued and unpaid interest thereon) becomes an obligation of the related Mortgagor to pay such amount under the terms of the modified loan documents. That any amount constitutes all or a portion of any Workout-Delayed Reimbursement Amount shall not in any manner limit the right of any Person hereunder to determine in the future that such amount instead constitutes a Nonrecoverable Advance.

 

Workout Fee”: The fee paid to the Special Servicer with respect to each Corrected Loan in accordance withSection 3.11(c).

 

Workout Fee Rate”: With respect to each Corrected Loan, a rate equal to the lesser of (a) 1.0% of each collection (other than Penalty Charges) of interest and principal (other than any amount for which a Liquidation Fee would be paid), including (i) Periodic Payments, (ii) Balloon Payments, (iii) Principal Prepayments and (iv) payments (other than those included inclause (i)or(ii) of this definition) at maturity, received on each Corrected Loan for so long as it remains a Corrected Loan and (b) such lower rate as would result in a Workout Fee of $1,000,000 assuming the Corrected Loan remains outstanding and pays in accordance with its terms through maturity (or, if the rate inclause (a) above would result in a Workout Fee that would be less than $25,000, then the Workout Fee Rate shall be a rate equal to such higher rate as would result in a Workout Fee equal to $25,000 assuming the Corrected Loan remains outstanding and pays in accordance with its terms through maturity).

 

Yield Maintenance Charge”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan or REO Loan, the yield maintenance charge or prepayment premium set forth in the related Mortgage Loan documents.

 

YM Group”: YM Group A or YM Group B, as applicable.

 

YM Group A”: Collectively, the Class A Certificates and the Class X-A Certificates.

 

YM Group B”: Collectively, the Class B, Class C, Class D and Class X-B Certificates.

 

Section 1.02             Certain Calculations. Unless otherwise specified herein, for purposes of determining amounts with respect to the Certificates and the rights and obligations of the parties hereto, the following provisions shall apply:

 

(i)          All calculations of interest (other than as provided in the related Mortgage Loan documents) provided for herein shall be made on the basis of a 360-day year consisting of twelve 30-day months.

 

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(ii)         Any Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan payment is deemed to be received on the date such payment is actually received by the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer;provided,however, that for purposes of calculating distributions on the Certificates, Principal Prepayments with respect to any Mortgage Loan are deemed to be received on the date they are applied in accordance with the Servicing Standard consistent with the terms of the related Mortgage Note and Mortgage to reduce the outstanding principal balance of such Mortgage Loan on which interest accrues.

 

(iii)        Any reference to the Certificate Balance of any Class of Principal Balance Certificates on or as of a Distribution Date shall refer to the Certificate Balance of such Class of Principal Balance Certificates on such Distribution Date after giving effect to (a) any distributions made with respect to such Class of Principal Balance Certificates on such Distribution Date pursuant toSection 4.01(a) and(c), (b) any Realized Losses allocated to such Class of Principal Balance Certificates on that Distribution Date pursuant toSection 4.04, and (c) any recoveries on the related Mortgage Loans of Nonrecoverable Advances (plus interest thereon) that were previously reimbursed from principal collections on the related Mortgage Loans, that resulted in a reduction of the Principal Distribution Amount, which recoveries are allocated to such Class of Principal Balance Certificates, and added to the Certificate Balance pursuant toSection 4.04(a).

 

(iv)        All net present value calculations and determinations made with respect to a Mortgage Loan, Serviced Companion Loan, Mortgaged Property or REO Property (including for purposes of the definition of “Servicing Standard”) shall be made, in the event the Mortgage Loan documents are silent, using a discount rate (a) for principal and interest payments on a Mortgage Loan or Serviced Companion Loan, as applicable, or sale of a Defaulted Loan, by the Special Servicer, the highest of (x) the rate determined by the Master Servicer or Special Servicer, as applicable, that approximates the market rate that would be obtainable by the related Mortgagor(s) on similar non-defaulted debt of such Mortgagor(s) as of such date of determination, (y) the Mortgage Rate on the applicable Mortgage Loan or Serviced Companion Loan, as applicable, based on its outstanding principal balance and (z) the yield on 10-year U.S. treasuries as of such date of determination, and (b) for all other cash flows, including property cash flow, the “discount rate” set forth in the most recent Appraisal (or update of such Appraisal) of the related Mortgaged Property.

 

(v)         Any reference to “expense of the trust” or “additional trust fund expense” or words of similar import shall be construed to mean, for any Serviced Mortgage Loan, an expense that shall be applied in accordance with the related Intercreditor Agreement or, if no application is specified in the related Intercreditor Agreement, then, to the extent such Intercreditor Agreement refers to this Agreement for the application of trust expenses or such Intercreditor Agreement does not prohibit the following application of trust expenses (i) with respect to any Serviced Pari Passu Whole Loan,pro rata andpari passu, to the Trust and Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan in accordance with the respective stated principal balances of the related Serviced Pari Passu Mortgage Loan and Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan or (ii) with respect to any AB Whole Loan,first, to the related AB Subordinate Companion Loan andthen, to the Trust.

 

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[End of Article I]

 

Article II

CONVEYANCE OF MORTGAGE LOANS;
ORIGINAL ISSUANCE OF CERTIFICATES

 

Section 2.01           Conveyance of Mortgage Loans.(a)  The Depositor, concurrently with the execution and delivery hereof, does hereby establish a trust, appoint the Trustee as trustee of the trust, assign, sell, transfer and convey to the Trustee, in trust, without recourse, for the benefit of the Certificateholders and the Trustee (as holder of the Lower-Tier Regular Interests) all the right, title and interest of the Depositor, including any security interest therein for the benefit of the Depositor, in, to and under (i) the Mortgage Loans identified on the Mortgage Loan Schedule, (ii) Sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 (excluding Section 5(e) and 5(f)), 6(a) (excluding clauses (viii), (ix) and (x) of Section 6(a)), 6(c), 6(e), 6(g), 6(h), 6(i), 11, 12, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 and 22 of each of the Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreements; (iii) the Intercreditor Agreements, and (iv) all other assets included or to be included in the Trust Fund. Such assignment includes all interest and principal received or receivable on or with respect to the Mortgage Loans (in each case, other than (i) payments of principal and interest due and payable on the Mortgage Loans on or before the Cut-off Date; (ii) prepayments of principal collected on or before the Cut-off Date; and (iii)  with respect to those Mortgage Loans that were closed in November 2016 but have their first Due Date in December 2016, any interest amounts relating to the period prior to the Cut-off Date). The transfer of the Mortgage Loans and the related rights and property accomplished hereby is absolute and, notwithstandingSection 13.07, is intended by the parties to constitute a sale. In connection with the assignment to the Trustee of Sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 (excluding Section 5(e) and 5(f), 6(a) (excluding clauses (viii), (ix) and (x) of Section 6(a)), 6(c), 6(e), 6(g), 6(h), 6(i), 11, 12, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 and 22 of each of the Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreements, it is intended that the Trustee get the benefit of Sections 11, 12 and 17 thereof in connection with any exercise of rights under the assigned Sections, and the Depositor shall use its best efforts to make available to the Trustee the benefits of Sections 11, 12 and 17 in connection therewith.

 

(b)          In connection with the Depositor’s assignment pursuant tosubsection (a) above, the Depositor shall direct, and hereby represents and warrants that it has directed, the Mortgage Loan Sellers pursuant to the applicable Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement to deliver to and deposit with, or cause to be delivered to and deposited with, the Custodian (or with respect to letters of credit, the Master Servicer), on or before the Closing Date, the Mortgage File for each Mortgage Loan so assigned, with copies to the Master Servicer (except, in the case of Serviced Mortgage Loans, for letters of credit, which are to be originals);provided,however, that copies of any document in the Mortgage File that also constitutes a Designated Servicing Document shall be delivered to the Master Servicer (other than with respect to a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) on or before the Closing Date. If the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller cannot deliver, or cause to be delivered, as to any Mortgage Loan, the original Mortgage Note, the delivery requirements of the applicable Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement and thisSection 2.01(b) shall be deemed to have been satisfied upon such Mortgage Loan Seller’s delivery of a copy or duplicate original of such Mortgage Note, together with an affidavit

 

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certifying that the original thereof has been lost or destroyed and indemnifying the Trustee and the Trust. If the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller cannot deliver, or cause to be delivered, as to any Mortgage Loan, any of the documents and/or instruments referred to inclauses (ii),(iv),(vii) (if recorded),(ix) and(x) of the definition of “Mortgage File” (or, if applicable, a copy thereof) with evidence of filing or recording thereon (if intended to be recorded or filed), solely because of a delay caused by the public filing or recording office where such document or instrument has been delivered, or will be delivered within 10 Business Days of the Closing Date, for filing or recordation, the delivery requirements of the applicable Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement and thisSection 2.01(b) shall be deemed to have been satisfied on a provisional basis as of the Closing Date as to such non-delivered document or instrument, and such non-delivered document or instrument shall be deemed to have been included in the Mortgage File, if a duplicate original or a photocopy of such non-delivered document or instrument (certified by the applicable public filing or recording office, the applicable title insurance company or the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller to be a true and complete copy of the original thereof submitted or to be submitted for filing or recording) is delivered to the Custodian on or before the Closing Date, and either the original of such non-delivered document or instrument, or a photocopy thereof (certified by the appropriate county recorder’s office or the applicable title insurance company, in the case of the documents and/or instruments referred to inclause (ii)of the definition of “Mortgage File”, to be a true and complete copy of the original thereof submitted for recording), with evidence of filing or recording thereon, is delivered to the Custodian within one hundred-eighty (180) days of the Closing Date (or within such longer period, not to exceed eighteen (18) months, after the Closing Date as the Custodian shall consent to as long as the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller is, as certified in writing to the Trustee and the Custodian no less often than every ninety (90) days following such 180–day period after the Closing Date, attempting in good faith to obtain from the appropriate public filing office or county recorder’s office such original or photocopy). If the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller is required to, but cannot, deliver, or cause to be delivered, as to any Mortgage Loan, any of the documents and/or instruments referred to inclauses (ii),(iv),(vii) (if recorded),(ix) and(x) (or, if applicable, a copy thereof) of the definition of “Mortgage File,” with evidence of filing or recording thereon, for any other reason, including, without limitation, that such non-delivered document or instrument has been lost or destroyed, the delivery requirements of the applicable Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement and thisSection 2.01(b) shall be deemed to have been satisfied as to such non-delivered document or instrument, and such non-delivered document or instrument shall be deemed to have been included in the Mortgage File, if a photocopy of such non-delivered document or instrument (with evidence of filing or recording thereon and certified in the case of the documents and/or instruments referred to inclause (ii) of the definition of “Mortgage File” by the appropriate county recorder’s office or the applicable title insurance company to be a true and complete copy of the original thereof submitted for recording) is delivered to the Custodian on or before the Closing Date. Neither the Trustee nor any Custodian shall in any way be liable for any failure by any Mortgage Loan Seller or the Depositor to comply with the delivery requirements of the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement and thisSection 2.01(b). If, on the Closing Date as to any Mortgage Loan, subject to the next sentence, the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller is required to, but cannot, deliver (in complete and recordable form or form suitable for filing or recording, if applicable) any one of the assignments in favor of the Trustee referred to inclause (iii),clause (v) (to the extent not already assigned pursuant toclause (iii)) orclause (x) of the definition of “Mortgage File” solely because of the unavailability of filing or

 

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recording information as to any existing document or instrument, such Mortgage Loan Seller may provisionally satisfy the delivery requirements of the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement and thisSection 2.01(b)with respect to such assignment by delivering with respect to such Mortgage Loan on the Closing Date an omnibus assignment of such Mortgage Loan substantially in the form ofExhibit H;provided that all required original assignments with respect to such Mortgage Loan, (in fully complete and recordable form or form suitable for filing or recording, if applicable) are delivered to the Custodian within one hundred-eighty (180) days after the Closing Date (or within such longer period, not to exceed eighteen (18) months, which the Custodian shall consent to so long as the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller is, as certified in writing to the Trustee and the Custodian no less often than every ninety (90) days following such 180–day period after the Closing Date, attempting in good faith to obtain from the appropriate public filing office or county recorder’s office the applicable filing or recording information as to the related document or instrument); andprovided,further, that in the case of a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, the delivery of any such assignments shall be subject toclause (e) of the final proviso to the definition of “Mortgage File” herein. If, in accordance with the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement and consistent withSection 2.01(c) of this Agreement, as to any Mortgage Loan, the related Mortgage Loan Seller or its agent is responsible for recording or filing, as applicable, any one of the assignments in favor of the Trustee referred to inclause (iii),clause (v) (to the extent not already assigned pursuant toclause (iii)) orclause (x) of the definition of “Mortgage File”, such Mortgage Loan Seller may provisionally satisfy the delivery requirements of the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement and thisSection 2.01(b) with respect to such assignment by delivering to the Custodian with respect to such Mortgage Loan on the Closing Date a copy of such assignment in the form sent for recording or filing or (except for recording or filing information not yet available) to be sent for recording or filing;provided that an original or copy of such assignment (with evidence of recording or filing, as applicable, indicated thereon) shall be delivered to the Custodian as contemplated bySection 2.01(c) of this Agreement. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, with respect to letters of credit referred to inclause (xii) of the definition of “Mortgage File” and relating to a Serviced Mortgage Loan, the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller shall deliver the original to the Master Servicer (which letter of credit shall be titled in the name of, or assigned to, “Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as Master Servicer, on behalf of Wilmington Trust, National Association, as Trustee, for the benefit of registered holders of CSAIL 2016-C7 Commercial Mortgage Trust, Commercial Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates, Series 2016-C7, and a copy to the Custodian or, if such original has been submitted by the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller to the issuing bank to effect a reissuance, assignment or amendment of such letter of credit (changing the beneficiary thereof to the Master Servicer (in care of the Trustee, as titled above) that may be required in order for the Master Servicer to draw on such letter of credit on behalf of the Trust in accordance with the applicable terms thereof and/or of the related Mortgage Loan documents, as applicable) and the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller shall be deemed to have satisfied the delivery requirements of the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement and thisSection 2.01(b) by delivering with respect to any letter(s) of credit a copy thereof to the Custodian together with an officer’s certificate of the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller certifying that such document has been delivered to the issuing bank for reissuance or an Officer’s Certificate from the Master Servicer certifying that it holds the letter(s) of credit pursuant to thisSection 2.01(b), one of which shall be delivered to the Custodian on the Closing Date. If a letter of credit referred to in the previous sentence is not in a form that would allow the Master

 

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Servicer to draw on such letter of credit on behalf of the Trust in accordance with the applicable terms thereof and/or of the related Mortgage Loan documents, the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller shall deliver the appropriate assignment or amendment documents (or copies of such assignment or amendment documents if the related Mortgage Loan Seller has submitted the originals to the related issuer of such letter of credit for processing) to the Custodian within thirty (30) days of the Closing Date. If not otherwise paid by the related Mortgagor, the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller shall pay any costs of assignment or amendment of such letter(s) of credit required in order for the Master Servicer to draw on such letter(s) of credit on behalf of the Trust and shall cooperate with the reasonable requests of the Master Servicer in connection with effectuating a draw under any such letter of credit prior to the date such letter of credit is assigned or amended in order that it may be drawn by the Master Servicer on behalf of the Trust.

 

(c)          Pursuant to each Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement, except in the case of a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, the related Mortgage Loan Seller is required at its sole cost and expense, to itself, or to engage a third party to, put each Assignment of Mortgage, each assignment of Assignment of Leases and each assignment of each UCC Financing Statement (collectively, the “Assignments” and, individually, “Assignment”) relating to the Mortgage Loans conveyed by it under the applicable Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement in proper form for filing or recording, as applicable, and to submit such Assignments for filing or recording, as the case may be, in the applicable public filing or recording office. On the Closing Date, the Mortgage Loan Sellers may deliver one (1) omnibus assignment for all such Mortgage Loans to the Custodian as provided inSection 2.01(b). Except under the circumstances provided for in the last sentence of thissubsection (c) and except in the case of a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, the related Mortgage Loan Seller will itself, or a third party at such Mortgage Loan Seller’s expense will, promptly (and in any event within one hundred-twenty (120) days after the later of the Closing Date and the related Mortgage Loan Seller’s actual receipt of the related documents and the necessary recording and filing information) cause to be submitted for recording or filing, as the case may be, in the appropriate public office for real property records or UCC Financing Statements, as appropriate, each Assignment. Each such Assignment submitted for recording shall reflect that it (or a file copy thereof in the case of a UCC Assignment) should be returned by the public recording office to the Custodian or its designee following recording or filing (or to the related Mortgage Loan Seller or its agent who will then be responsible for delivery of the same to the Custodian or its designee). Any such Assignment received by the Custodian shall be promptly included in the related Mortgage File and be deemed a part thereof, and any such Assignment received by the related Mortgage Loan Seller or its agent shall be required to be delivered to the Custodian to be included as part of the related Mortgage File within thirty (30) days after receipt. If any such document or instrument is determined to be incomplete or not to meet the recording or filing requirements of the jurisdiction in which it is to be recorded or filed, or is lost by the public office or returned unrecorded or unfiled, as the case may be, because of a defect therein, on or about one hundred-eighty (180) days after the Closing Date, the related Mortgage Loan Seller or its designee shall prepare, at its own expense, a substitute therefor or cure such defect, as the case may be, and thereafter the related Mortgage Loan Seller or its designee shall, at the expense of such Mortgage Loan Seller, upon receipt thereof cause the same to be duly recorded or filed, as appropriate. If, by the first anniversary of the Closing Date, the Custodian has not received confirmation of the recording or filing as the case may be, of any such Assignment, it shall so advise the related Mortgage Loan Seller who may then pursue such confirmation itself or request that the Custodian pursue such confirmation at the related

 

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Mortgage Loan Seller’s expense, and upon such a request and provision for payment of such expenses satisfactory to the Custodian, the Custodian, at the expense of the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller, shall cause a search of the land records of each applicable jurisdiction and of the records of the offices of the applicable Secretary of State for confirmation that the Assignment appears in such records and retain a copy of such confirmation in the related Mortgage File. In the event that confirmation of the recording or filing of an Assignment cannot be obtained, the Custodian or the related Mortgage Loan Seller, as applicable, shall promptly inform the other and the Custodian shall provide such Mortgage Loan Seller with a copy of the Assignment and request the preparation of a new Assignment. The related Mortgage Loan Seller shall pay the expenses for the preparation of replacement Assignments for any Assignments which, having been properly submitted for filing or recording to the appropriate governmental office by the Custodian, fail to appear of record and must be resubmitted. Notwithstanding the foregoing, there shall be no requirement to record any assignment to the Trustee referred to inclause (iii) or(v) of the definition of “Mortgage File,” or to file any UCC-3 to the Trustee referred to inclause (ix) of the definition of “Mortgage File,” in those jurisdictions where, in the written opinion of local counsel (which opinion shall be an expense of the related Mortgage Loan Seller) acceptable to the Depositor and the Trustee, such recordation and/or filing is not required to protect the Trustee’s interest in the related Mortgage Loan, against sale, further assignment, satisfaction or discharge by the related Mortgage Loan Seller, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, any Sub-Servicer or the Depositor.

 

(d)          All documents and records in the Depositor’s or the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller’s possession relating to the Mortgage Loans (including, in each case, financial statements, operating statements and any other information provided by the respective Mortgagor from time to time, but excluding the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller’s internal communications (including such communications between such Mortgage Loan Seller and its Affiliates) and underwriting analysis (including documents prepared by the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller or any of its Affiliates for such purposes), draft documents, attorney-client communications that are privileged communications or constitute legal or other due diligence analyses and credit underwriting or due diligence analyses or data) that (i) are not required to be a part of a Mortgage File in accordance with the definition thereof and (ii) are reasonably necessary for the servicing of each such Mortgage Loan, together with copies of all documents in each Mortgage File, shall be delivered by the Depositor or the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller to the Master Servicer within five (5) Business Days after the Closing Date and shall be held by the Master Servicer on behalf of the Trustee in trust for the benefit of the Certificateholders and, if applicable, on behalf of the related Companion Holder. Such documents and records shall be any documents and records (with the exception of any items excluded under the immediately preceding sentence) that would otherwise be a part of the Servicing File.

 

(e)          In connection with the Depositor’s assignment pursuant tosubsection (a) above, the Depositor shall deliver to the Trustee and the Master Servicer, on or before two (2) Business Days after the Closing Date, a fully executed original counterpart of each of the Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreements, as in full force and effect, without amendment or modification, on the Closing Date.

 

(f)           The Depositor shall use its reasonable best efforts to require that, promptly after the Closing Date, but in all events within three (3) Business Days after the Closing Date,

 

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each of the Mortgage Loan Sellers shall cause all funds on deposit in escrow accounts maintained with respect to the Mortgage Loans transferred by such Mortgage Loan Seller, whether such accounts are held in the name of the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller or any other name to be transferred to the Master Servicer (or a Sub-Servicer) for deposit into Servicing Accounts.

 

(g)          With respect to the Mortgage Loans secured by the Mortgaged Properties identified as “Tampa Marriott Westshore”, “Holiday Inn & Suites Plantation,” “Staybridge Suites – Indianapolis, IN,” “Hotel Indigo – Columbus IN,” “Holiday Inn Express & Suites Warrenton,” “Candlewood Suites – Fort Myers FL” and “Country Inn & Suites Conyers” on the Mortgage Loan Schedule, which are each subject to a franchise agreement with a related comfort letter in favor of the respective Mortgage Loan Seller that requires notice to or request of the related franchisor to transfer or assign any related comfort letter to the Trust or otherwise have a new comfort letter issued in the name of the Trust, the related Mortgage Loan Seller or its designee will be required to provide any such required notice or make any such required request to the related franchisor (with a copy of such notice or request to the Master Servicer) within 45 days of the Closing Date (or any shorter period if required by the applicable comfort letter), and the Master Servicer shall use reasonable efforts in accordance with the Servicing Standard to acquire such replacement comfort letter, if necessary (or to acquire any such new document or acknowledgement as may be contemplated under the existing comfort letter).

 

(h)          Each Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement shall provide that no later than sixty (60) days after the Closing Date, each Mortgage Loan Seller shall deliver or cause to be delivered the Diligence Files for each of its Mortgage Loans to the Depositor by uploading such Diligence Files to the Designated Site. Promptly upon completion of such delivery of the Diligence Files (but in no event later than sixty (60) days after the Closing Date), the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller shall provide to the Depositor a certificate (with a copy (which may be sent by email) to each of the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Custodian, the Asset Representations Reviewer and the Operating Advisor) certifying that the electronic copies of the Diligence File uploaded to the Designated Site contain all documents and information required under the definition of “Diligence File” and such Diligence Files are organized and categorized in accordance with the electronic file structure reasonably agreed to by the Depositor and the Mortgage Loan Seller (the “Diligence File Certificate”).

 

Section 2.02           Acceptance by Trustee.(a)  The Trustee, by the execution and delivery of this Agreement (1) acknowledges receipt by it or a Custodian on its behalf, subject to the provisions ofSection 2.01, in good faith and without notice of any adverse claim, of the applicable documents specified inclause (i) of the definition of “Mortgage File” with respect to each Mortgage Loan and of all other assets included in the Trust Fund and (2) declares (a) that it or a Custodian on its behalf holds and will hold such documents and the other documents delivered or caused to be delivered by the Mortgage Loan Sellers that constitute the Mortgage Files in the name of the Trust for the benefit of all present and future Certificateholders, and (b) that it holds and will hold such other assets included in the Trust Fund, in trust for the exclusive use and benefit of all present and future Certificateholders and, with respect to any original document in the Mortgage File for a Serviced Whole Loan, for any present or future Companion Holder (and for the benefit of the Trustee as holder of the Lower-Tier Regular

 

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Interests), as applicable. If any Mortgage Loan Seller is unable to deliver or cause the delivery of any original Mortgage Note, such Mortgage Loan Seller may deliver a copy of such Mortgage Note, together with a signed lost note affidavit and appropriate indemnity and shall thereby be deemed to have satisfied the document delivery requirements ofSection 2.01 and of thisSection 2.02.

 

(b)          Within sixty (60) days of the Closing Date, the Custodian, shall review the Mortgage Loan documents delivered or caused to be delivered by the Mortgage Loan Sellers constituting the Mortgage Files; and, promptly following such review (but in no event later than sixty (60) days after the Closing Date), the Custodian shall, in the form attached asExhibit Q, certify in writing to each of the Rating Agencies, the Depositor, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Directing Certificateholder (so long as no Consultation Termination Event shall have occurred and be continuing and only with respect to Mortgage Loans other than any Excluded Loan) and the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller (as to each Mortgage Loan listed in the Mortgage Loan Schedule (other than any Mortgage Loan paid in full)) that, except as specifically identified in any exception report annexed to such writing (the “Custodial Exception Report”), (i) subject to the final proviso of the definition of “Mortgage File” herein andSection 2.01 hereof, all documents specified inclauses (i) through(v),(viii),(ix),(xi),(xii) and(xiii) (or, with respect toclause (xii), a copy of such letter of credit and the required Officer’s Certificate), if any, of the definition of “Mortgage File”, as applicable, are in its possession, (ii) the foregoing documents delivered or caused to be delivered by the Mortgage Loan Sellers have been reviewed by the Custodian and appear regular on their face and appear to be executed and to relate to such Mortgage Loan, and (iii) based on such examination and only as to the foregoing documents, the information set forth in the Mortgage Loan Schedule with respect to the items specified inclauses (iv),(vi) and(viii)(c) in the definition of “Mortgage Loan Schedule” is correct. With respect to each Mortgage Loan listed on the Custodial Exception Report, the Custodian shall specifically identify such Mortgage Loan together with the nature of such exception (in the form reasonably acceptable to the Custodian and the related Mortgage Loan Seller and separating items required to be in the Mortgage File but never delivered from items which were delivered by the related Mortgage Loan Seller but are out for filing or recording and have not been returned by the filing office or the recorder’s office).

 

(c)          The Custodian shall review the Mortgage Loan documents received subsequent to the Closing Date; and, on or about the first anniversary of the Closing Date, the Custodian shall, in the form attached asExhibit Q, certify in writing to each of the Depositor, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Directing Certificateholder (so long as no Consultation Termination Event shall have occurred and be continuing and only with respect to Mortgage Loans other than any Excluded Loan), the Operating Advisor, the Asset Representations Reviewer and the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller (as to each Mortgage Loan listed on the Mortgage Loan Schedule (other than any related Mortgage Loan as to which a Liquidation Event has occurred) or any related Mortgage Loan specifically identified in any exception report annexed to such writing) that, (i) subject to the final proviso of the definition of “Mortgage File” herein andSection 2.01 hereof, all documents specified inclauses (i) through(v),(viii),(ix)(xi),(xii)and (xiii), if any, of the definition of “Mortgage File”, as applicable, are in its possession, (ii) the foregoing documents delivered or caused to be delivered by the Mortgage Loan Sellers have been reviewed by the Custodian and appear regular on their face and appear to be executed and relate to such Mortgage Loan and

 

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(iii) based on such examination and only as to the foregoing documents, the information set forth in the Mortgage Loan Schedule with respect to the items specified inclauses (iv),(vi) and(viii)(c) in the definition of “Mortgage Loan Schedule” is correct.

 

(d)          Notwithstanding anything contained in thisSection 2.02 andSection 2.03(b) to the contrary, in the case of a Material Defect in any of the documents specified inclauses (ii) through(v),(vii),(viii) and(ix) in the definition of “Mortgage File”, which Material Defect results solely from a delay in the return of the related documents from the applicable filing or recording office and gives rise to a repurchase or substitution obligation on the part of the related Mortgage Loan Seller with respect to the subject Mortgage Loan pursuant to the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement, the Directing Certificateholder, in its sole judgment, may (other than with respect to any Excluded Loan and, with respect to any other Mortgage Loan, only prior to the occurrence and continuance of a Control Termination Event), and the Special Servicer may, in accordance with the Servicing Standard, after the occurrence and during the continuance of a Control Termination Event, permit the related Mortgage Loan Seller in lieu of repurchasing or substituting for the related Mortgage Loan, to deposit with the Master Servicer an amount, to be held in trust in a segregated Eligible Account (which may be a sub-account of the Collection Account), equal to 25% of the Stated Principal Balance of the related Mortgage Loan (in the alternative, the related Mortgage Loan Seller may deliver to the Master Servicer a letter of credit in such amount, with a copy to the Custodian). Such funds or letter of credit, as applicable, shall be held by the Master Servicer (i) until the date on which the Custodian determines and notifies the Master Servicer that such Material Defect has been cured or the related Mortgage Loan is no longer part of the Trust Fund, at which time the Master Servicer shall return such funds (or letter of credit) to the related Mortgage Loan Seller, or (ii) until same are applied to the Purchase Price (or the Substitution Shortfall Amount, if applicable) as set forth below in thisSection 2.02(d) in the event of a repurchase or substitution by the related Mortgage Loan Seller. Notwithstanding the two immediately preceding sentences, if the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer certifies to the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator and the Custodian that it has determined in the exercise of its reasonable judgment that the document with respect to which such Material Defect exists is required in connection with an imminent enforcement of the mortgagee’s rights or remedies under the related Mortgage Loan, defending any claim asserted by any Mortgagor or third party with respect to the related Mortgage Loan, establishing the validity or priority of any lien on collateral securing the related Mortgage Loan or for any immediate significant servicing obligation, the related Mortgage Loan Seller shall be required to repurchase or substitute for the related Mortgage Loan in accordance with, and to the extent required by, the terms and conditions ofSection 2.03(b)and Section 6 of the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement;provided,however, that such Mortgage Loan Seller shall not be required to repurchase the Mortgage Loan for a period of ninety (90) days after receipt of a notice to repurchase (together with any applicable extension period) if it is attempting to recover the document from the applicable filing or recording office and provides an officer’s certificate setting forth what actions such Mortgage Loan Seller is pursuing in connection with such recovery. In the event of a repurchase or substitution, upon the date of such repurchase or substitution, and in the event that the related Mortgage Loan Seller has delivered a letter of credit to the Master Servicer in accordance with thisSection 2.02(d), the Master Servicer shall, to the extent necessary, draw on the letter of credit and deposit the proceeds of such draw, into the Collection Account to be applied to the Purchase Price (or the Substitution Shortfall Amount, if applicable, in which event, the amount of such funds or

 

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proceeds that exceed the Substitution Shortfall Amount shall be returned to the related Mortgage Loan Seller) in accordance withSection 2.03(b). All such funds deposited in the Collection Account shall be invested in Permitted Investments, at the direction and for the benefit of the related Mortgage Loan Seller. Such funds shall be treated as an “outside reserve fund” under the REMIC Provisions, which, together with any reimbursement from the Lower-Tier REMIC, is beneficially owned by the related Mortgage Loan Seller for federal income tax purposes, which Mortgage Loan Seller shall remain liable for any taxes payable on income or gain with respect thereto.

 

(e)          It is herein acknowledged that neither the Trustee nor any Custodian is under any duty or obligation (i) to determine whether any of the documents specified inclauses (vi),(vii) and(xii) through(xvii) of the definition of “Mortgage File” exist or are required to be delivered by the Depositor, the Mortgage Loan Sellers or any other Person (unless identified on the Mortgage Loan Checklist) or (ii) to inspect, review or examine any of the documents, instruments, certificates or other papers relating to the Mortgage Loans delivered to it to determine that the same are genuine, enforceable, duly authorized, sufficient to perfect and maintain the perfection of a security interest or appropriate for the represented purpose or that they are other than what they purport to be on their face and, with respect to the documents specified inclause (viii) of the definition of the “Mortgage File”, whether the insurance is effective as of the date of the recordation, whether all endorsements or riders issued are included in the file or if the policy has not been issued whether any acceptable replacement document has been dated the date of the related Mortgage Loan funding. Further, with respect to the UCC Financing Statements referenced in the Mortgage File, absent actual knowledge to the contrary or copies of UCC Financing Statements delivered to the Custodian as part of the Mortgage File indicating otherwise, the Custodian may assume, for the purposes of the filings and the certification to be delivered in accordance with thisSection 2.02 that the related Mortgage File should include one state level UCC Financing Statement filing for each Mortgaged Property (or with respect to any Mortgage Loan that has two or more Mortgagors, for each Mortgagor, except to the extent multiple Mortgagors are named as debtors in the same UCC Financing Statement filing), or if the Custodian has received notice that a particular UCC Financing Statement was filed as a fixture filing, that the related Mortgage File should include only a local UCC Financing Statement filing for each Mortgaged Property (or with respect to any Mortgage Loan that has two or more Mortgagors, for each Mortgagor, except to the extent multiple Mortgagors are named as debtors in the same UCC Financing Statement filing). The assignments of the UCC Financing Statements to be assigned to the Trust will be delivered on the new national forms (or on such other form as may be acceptable for filing or recording in the applicable jurisdiction) and in a format suitable for filing or recording, as applicable, and will be filed or recorded in the jurisdiction(s) where such UCC Financing Statements were originally filed or recorded, as indicated in the documents provided, and in accordance with then-current laws.

 

(f)           If, in the process of reviewing the Mortgage Files or at any time thereafter, the Custodian finds any document or documents constituting a part of a Mortgage File (1) not to have been properly executed, (2) subject to the timing requirements ofSections 2.01(b) and2.01(c), not to have been delivered, (3) to contain information that does not conform in any material respect with the corresponding information set forth in the Mortgage Loan Schedule or (4) to be defective on its face (each, a “Defect” in the related Mortgage File), the Custodian shall promptly so notify the Depositor, the Trustee, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the

 

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Certificate Administrator, the Directing Certificateholder, the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller (and in no event later than ninety (90) days after the Closing Date and every calendar quarter thereafter until all Defects are corrected) by providing a Custodial Exception Report setting forth for each affected Mortgage Loan, with particularity, the nature of such Defect (in a form reasonably acceptable to the Custodian and such Mortgage Loan Seller and separating items required to be in the Mortgage File but never delivered from items which were delivered by such Mortgage Loan Seller but are out for recording or filing and have not been returned by the recorder’s office or filing office).

 

(g)          If the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer (i) receives any request or demand for repurchase or replacement of a Mortgage Loan because of a breach of or alleged breach of a representation or warranty or a Defect (any such request or demand for repurchase or replacement, a “Repurchase Request”, and the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, to the extent it receives a Repurchase Request, the “Repurchase Request Recipient” with respect to such Repurchase Request); or (ii) receives any withdrawal of a Repurchase Request by the Person making such Repurchase Request or any rejection of a Repurchase Request (or such a Repurchase Request is forwarded to the Master Servicer or Special Servicer by another party hereto), then the Repurchase Request Recipient shall deliver notice (which may be by electronic format so long as a “backup” hard copy of such notice is also delivered on or prior to the next Business Day) of such Repurchase Request or withdrawal or rejection of a Repurchase Request (each, a “15Ga-1 Notice”) to the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller (other than in the case of a rejection by such Mortgage Loan Seller) and the Depositor, in each case within ten (10) Business Days from such Repurchase Request Recipient’s receipt thereof.

 

Each 15Ga-1 Notice shall include (i) the identity of the related Mortgage Loan, (ii) the date the Repurchase Request is received by the Repurchase Request Recipient or the date any withdrawal of the Repurchase Request is received by the Repurchase Request Recipient, as applicable, (iii) if known, the basis for the Repurchase Request (as asserted in the Repurchase Request) and (iv) a statement from the Repurchase Request Recipient as to whether it currently plans to pursue such Repurchase Request.

 

A Repurchase Request Recipient shall not be required to provide any information in a 15Ga-1 Notice protected by the attorney-client privilege or attorney work product doctrines. The Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreements will provide that (i) any 15Ga-1 Notice provided pursuant to thisSection 2.02(g) is so provided only to assist the Mortgage Loan Sellers and Depositor or their respective Affiliates to comply with Rule 15Ga-1 under the Exchange Act, Items 1104 and 1121 of Regulation AB and any other requirement of law or regulation and (ii) (A) no action taken by, or inaction of, a Repurchase Request Recipient and (B) no information provided pursuant to thisSection 2.02(g) by a Repurchase Request Recipient, shall be deemed to constitute a waiver or defense to the exercise of any legal right the Repurchase Request Recipient may have with respect to the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement, including with respect to any Repurchase Request that is the subject of a 15Ga-1 Notice.

 

In the event that the Depositor, the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Operating Advisor, the Asset Representations Reviewer or the Custodian receives a Repurchase Request, such party shall promptly forward or otherwise provide written notice of such Repurchase Request to the Master Servicer, if relating to a Non-Specially Serviced Loan, or to

 

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the Special Servicer, if relating to a Specially Serviced Loan or REO Property, and include the following statement in the related correspondence: “This is a ‘Repurchase Request’ underSection 2.02 of the Pooling and Servicing Agreement relating to the CSAIL 2016-C7 Commercial Mortgage Trust, Commercial Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates, Series 2016-C7 requiring action by you as the ‘Repurchase Request Recipient’ thereunder.” Upon receipt of such Repurchase Request by the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, such party shall be deemed to be the Repurchase Request Recipient in respect of such Repurchase Request, and such party shall comply with the procedures set forth in thisSection 2.02(g) with respect to such Repurchase Request. In no event shall the Custodian, by virtue of this provision, be required to provide any notice other than as set forth inSection 2.02 of this Agreement in connection with its review of the Mortgage File.

 

If the Depositor, the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Operating Advisor, the Asset Representations Reviewer or the Custodian receives notice or has knowledge of a withdrawal or a rejection of a Repurchase Request of which notice has been previously received or given, and such notice was not received from or copied to the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, then such party shall give notice of such withdrawal or rejection to the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable. Any such notice received by the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Operating Advisor, the Asset Representations Reviewer or the Custodian shall also be provided to the Depositor and, in the case of a withdrawal notice, to the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller.

 

In the event that a Mortgage Loan is repurchased or replaced pursuant toSection 2.03 of this Agreement, the Master Servicer (with respect to Non-Specially Serviced Loans) or Special Servicer (with respect to Specially Serviced Loans) shall promptly notify the Depositor of such repurchase or replacement.

 

Section 2.03           Representations, Warranties and Covenants of the Depositor; Mortgage Loan Sellers’ Repurchase or Substitution of Mortgage Loans for Defects in Mortgage Files and Breaches of Representations and Warranties.(a)  The Depositor hereby represents and warrants that:

 

(i)           The Depositor is a corporation duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the laws of the State of Delaware, and the Depositor has taken all necessary corporate action to authorize the execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement by it, and has the power and authority to execute, deliver and perform this Agreement and all the transactions contemplated hereby, including, but not limited to, the power and authority to sell, assign and transfer the Mortgage Loans in accordance with this Agreement;

 

(ii)          Assuming the due authorization, execution and delivery of this Agreement by each other party hereto, this Agreement and all of the obligations of the Depositor hereunder are the legal, valid and binding obligations of the Depositor, enforceable against the Depositor in accordance with the terms of this Agreement, except as such enforcement may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization or other similar laws affecting the enforcement of creditors’ rights generally, and by general principles of

 

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equity (regardless of whether such enforceability is considered in a proceeding in equity or at law);

 

(iii)         The execution and delivery of this Agreement and the performance of its obligations hereunder by the Depositor will not conflict with any provisions of any law or regulations to which the Depositor is subject, or conflict with, result in a breach of or constitute a default under any of the terms, conditions or provisions of the certificate of incorporation or the by-laws of the Depositor or any indenture, agreement or instrument to which the Depositor is a party or by which it is bound, or any order or decree applicable to the Depositor, or result in the creation or imposition of any lien on any of the Depositor’s assets or property, which would materially and adversely affect the ability of the Depositor to carry out the transactions contemplated by this Agreement; the Depositor has obtained any consent, approval, authorization or order of any court or governmental agency or body required for the execution, delivery and performance by the Depositor of this Agreement;

 

(iv)         There is no action, suit or proceeding pending or, to the Depositor’s knowledge, threatened against the Depositor in any court or by or before any other governmental agency or instrumentality which would materially and adversely affect the validity of the Mortgage Loans or the ability of the Depositor to carry out the transactions contemplated by this Agreement; and

 

(v)          The Depositor is the lawful owner of the Mortgage Loans with the full right to transfer the Mortgage Loans to the Trust, and the Mortgage Loans have been validly transferred to the Trust.

 

(b)          If any Certificateholder, the Directing Certificateholder, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Certificate Administrator, Operating Advisor (solely in its capacity as Operating Advisor) or the Trustee discovers (without implying any duty of such person to make, or to attempt to make, such a discovery) or receives notice alleging a Material Defect in any Mortgage File, such Certificateholder, the Directing Certificateholder, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Trustee, Operating Advisor (solely in its capacity as Operating Advisor) or the Certificate Administrator, as applicable, shall give prompt written notice of such Material Defect to the Depositor, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller, the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Operating Advisor (solely in its capacity as Operating Advisor) and, prior to the occurrence of a Consultation Termination Event, the Directing Certificateholder, and the Master Servicer (if the related Mortgage Loan is a Non-Specially Serviced Loan) or Special Servicer (if the related Mortgage Loan is a Specially Serviced Loan), as applicable, shall request in writing that the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller, not later than ninety (90) days after (i) except in the case of the succeedingclause (ii), the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller’s discovery of the Material Defect or receipt of such notice or (ii) in the case of a Material Defect relating to a Mortgage Loan not being a “qualified mortgage” within the meaning of Section 860G(a)(3) of the Code, but without regard to the rule of Treasury Regulations Section 1.860G-2(f)(2) that causes a defective Mortgage Loan to be treated as a qualified mortgage, the earlier of (x) the discovery by the Mortgage Loan Seller or any party to this Agreement of such Material Defect or (y) receipt of notice of a discovery of such Material Defect from any party to this Agreement by the Mortgage Loan Seller, (such ninety (90) day

 

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period, the “Initial Cure Period”), (A) cure such Material Defect in all material respects, at such Mortgage Loan Seller’s own expense, including reimbursement of any related reasonable additional expenses of the Trust reasonably incurred by any party to this Agreement, (B) repurchase the affected Mortgage Loan or REO Mortgage Loan at the applicable Purchase Price and in conformity with the applicable Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement and this Agreement or (C) substitute a Qualified Substitute Mortgage Loan (other than with respect to any Mortgage Loan that is part of a Whole Loan, for which no substitution will be permitted) for such affected Mortgage Loan or REO Mortgage Loan, and pay any Substitution Shortfall Amount in connection with such substitution (provided that in no event shall any such substitution occur on or after the second anniversary of the Closing Date) and pay the Master Servicer for deposit into the Collection Account, any Substitution Shortfall Amount in connection therewith and in conformity with the applicable Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement and this Agreement;provided,however, that except with respect to a Material Defect resulting solely from the failure by the Mortgage Loan Seller to deliver to the Trustee or Custodian the actual policy of lender’s title insurance required pursuant toclause (viii) of the definition of Mortgage File by a date not later than eighteen (18) months following the Closing Date, if such Material Defect is capable of being cured but is not cured within the Initial Cure Period, and the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller has commenced and is diligently proceeding with the cure of such Material Defect within the Initial Cure Period, the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller shall have an additional ninety (90) days commencing immediately upon the expiration of the Initial Cure Period (such additional ninety (90) day period, the “Extended Cure Period”) to complete such cure (or, failing such cure, to repurchase the related Mortgage Loan or REO Loan (excluding any related Serviced Companion Loan, if applicable) or substitute a Qualified Substitute Mortgage Loan (other than with respect to any Mortgage Loan that is part of a Whole Loan, for which no substitution will be permitted) and pay any Substitution Shortfall Amount in connection with such substitution) andprovided,further, that with respect to such Extended Cure Period the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller shall have delivered an officer’s certificate to the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator (who shall promptly deliver a copy of such officer’s certificate to the 17g-5 Information Provider), the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor and (with respect to any Mortgage Loan other than an Excluded Loan, prior to the occurrence of a Consultation Termination Event), the Directing Certificateholder, setting forth the reason such Material Defect is not capable of being cured within the Initial Cure Period and what actions the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller is pursuing in connection with the cure thereof and stating that the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller anticipates that such Material Defect will be cured within the Extended Cure Period. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any Material Defect which causes any Mortgage Loan not to be a “qualified mortgage” (within the meaning of Section 860G(a)(3) of the Code, but without regard to the rule of Treasury Regulations Section 1.860G-2(f)(2) that causes a defective Mortgage Loan to be treated as a qualified mortgage) shall be deemed to materially and adversely affect the interests of Certificateholders therein, and (subject to the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller’s right to cure such Material Defect during the Initial Cure Period) such Mortgage Loan shall be repurchased or substituted for without regard to the Extended Cure Period described in the preceding sentence. If the affected Mortgage Loan is to be repurchased, the funds in the amount of the Purchase Price remitted by the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller are to be remitted by wire transfer to the Master Servicer for deposit into the Collection Account.

 

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If a Mortgage Loan Seller, in connection with a Material Defect (or an allegation of a Material Defect) pertaining to a Mortgage Loan, makes a cash payment pursuant to an agreement or a settlement between the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller and the Special Servicer on behalf of the Trust and that such cash payment would be deemed sufficient to compensate the Trust for such Material Defect (and, with respect to any Mortgage Loan other than an Excluded Loan, with the consent of the Directing Certificateholder if no Control Termination Event has occurred and is continuing) (each such payment, a “Loss of Value Payment”) with respect to such Mortgage Loan, the amount of such Loss of Value Payment shall be deposited into the Loss of Value Reserve Fund to be applied in accordance withSection 3.05(g) of this Agreement. The Loss of Value Payment shall include the portion of any Liquidation Fees payable to the Special Servicer in respect of such Loss of Value Payment and the portion of fees and reimbursable expenses of the Asset Representations Reviewer attributable to the Asset Review of such Mortgage Loan. If such Loss of Value Payment is made, the Loss of Value Payment shall serve as the sole remedy available to the Certificateholders and the Trustee on their behalf regarding any such Material Defect in lieu of any obligation of the Mortgage Loan Seller to otherwise cure such Material Defect or repurchase or substitute for the affected Mortgage Loan based on such Material Defect under any circumstances. This paragraph is intended to apply only to a mutual agreement or settlement between the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller and the Master Servicer (in the case of Non-Specially Serviced Loans) or the Special Servicer (in the case of Specially Serviced Loans) on behalf of the Trust,provided that (i) prior to any such agreement or settlement nothing in this paragraph shall preclude the Mortgage Loan Seller or the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, from exercising any of its rights related to a Material Defect in the manner and timing set forth in the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement or thisSection 2.03 (excluding this paragraph) (including any right to cure, repurchase or substitute for such Mortgage Loan), (ii) such Loss of Value Payment shall not be greater than the Purchase Price of the affected Mortgage Loan; and (iii) a Material Defect as a result of a Mortgage Loan not constituting a “qualified mortgage” within the meaning of Section 860G(a)(3) of the Code (but without regard to the rule of Treasury Regulations Section 1.860G-2(f)(2) that causes a defective mortgage loan to be treated as a qualified mortgage) may not be cured by a Loss of Value Payment.

 

With respect to any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, if any “Material Defect” (or analogous term) exists under the related Non-Serviced PSA, and if the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller (or other responsibly party) repurchases the Non-Serviced Companion Loan securitized thereunder from the trust created pursuant to such Non-Serviced PSA, then the related Mortgage Loan Seller shall promptly repurchase such Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan at the applicable Purchase Price;provided,however, that the foregoing shall not apply to any Defect related solely to the promissory note for any related Non-Serviced Companion Loan.

 

If any Breach pertains to a representation or warranty that the related Mortgage Loan documents or any particular Mortgage Loan document requires the related Mortgagor to bear the costs and expenses associated with any particular action or matter under such Mortgage Loan document(s), then the related Mortgage Loan Seller may cure such Breach within the applicable cure period (as the same may be extended) by reimbursing the Trust (by wire transfer of immediately available funds) for (i) the reasonable amount of any such costs and expenses incurred by the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Certificate Administrator, the Trustee or the Trust that are incurred as a result of such Breach and have not been reimbursed by the

 

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related Mortgagor and (ii) if such Mortgage Loan is or was a Delinquent Loan subject to an Asset Review, the amount of any fees payable, without duplication, pursuant toSection 12.02(b) to the extent not previously paid by the Mortgage Loan Seller to the Asset Representations Reviewer attributable to the Asset Review of such Mortgage Loan;provided,however, that in the event any such costs and expenses exceed $10,000, the related Mortgage Loan Seller shall have the option to either repurchase or substitute for the related Mortgage Loan as provided above or pay such costs and expenses. Except as provided in the proviso to the immediately preceding sentence, the related Mortgage Loan Seller shall remit the amount of such costs and expenses and upon its making such remittance, the related Mortgage Loan Seller shall be deemed to have cured such Breach in all respects. To the extent any fees or expenses that are the subject of a cure by the related Mortgage Loan Seller are subsequently obtained from the related Mortgagor, the portion of the cure payment made by the related Mortgage Loan Seller equal to such fees or expenses obtained from the related Mortgagor shall promptly be returned to the related Mortgage Loan Seller. Periodic Payments due with respect to each Qualified Substitute Mortgage Loan (if any) after the related Due Date in the month of substitution, and Periodic Payments due with respect to each Mortgage Loan being repurchased or replaced after the related Cut-off Date and received by the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer on behalf of the Trust on or prior to the related date of repurchase or substitution, shall be part of the Trust Fund. Periodic Payments due with respect to each Qualified Substitute Mortgage Loan (if any) on or prior to the related Due Date in the month of substitution, and Periodic Payments due with respect to each Mortgage Loan being repurchased or replaced and received by the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer on behalf of the Trust after the related date of repurchase or substitution, shall not be part of the Trust Fund and are to be remitted by the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer to the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller effecting the related repurchase or substitution promptly following receipt. Notwithstanding anything contained in this Agreement or the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement, no delay in either the discovery of a Material Defect or in providing notice of such Material Defect shall relieve the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller of its obligation to repurchase if it is otherwise required to do so under the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement and/or thisArticle II unless (i) the related Mortgage Loan Seller did not otherwise discover or have knowledge of such Material Defect, (ii) such delay is a result of the failure by a party to the applicable Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement, or this Agreement (other than the Asset Representations Reviewer), to provide prompt notice as required by the terms of the applicable Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement, or this Agreement, after such party has actual knowledge of such Material Defect (knowledge shall not be deemed to exist by reason of the Custodial Exception Report), (iii) such Material Defect does not relate to the applicable Mortgage Loan not being a “qualified mortgage” within the meaning of Section 860G(a)(3) of the Code, but without regard to the rule of Treasury regulations Section 1.860G-2(f)(2) that causes a defective obligation to be treated as a qualified mortgage and (iv) such delay precludes such Mortgage Loan Seller from curing such Material Defect.

 

Pursuant to each Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement, if there is a Material Defect with respect to one or more Mortgaged Properties with respect to a Mortgage Loan, the related Mortgage Loan Seller shall not be obligated to repurchase the Mortgage Loan if (i) the affected Mortgaged Property may be released pursuant to the terms of any partial release provisions in the related Mortgage Loan documents (and such Mortgaged Property is, in fact, released), (ii) the remaining Mortgaged Property(ies) satisfy the requirements, if any, set forth in the Mortgage Loan documents and the related Mortgage Loan Seller provides an opinion of

 

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counsel to the effect that such release in lieu of a repurchase would not (A) cause any Trust REMIC to fail to qualify as a REMIC or (B) result in the imposition of a tax upon any Trust REMIC or the issuing entity and (iii) each applicable Rating Agency has provided a Rating Agency Confirmation.

 

(c)          Subject to the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller’s right to cure as contemplated above in thisSection 2.03, and further subject toSection 2.01(b) andSection 2.01(c), any of the following shall cause a document in the Mortgage File to be deemed to have a “Defect” that constitutes a Material Defect and to be conclusively presumed to materially and adversely affect the interests of Certificateholders in a Mortgage Loan (but solely with respect toclause (a)) and to be deemed to materially and adversely affect the interest of the Certificateholders in and the value of a Mortgage Loan: (a) the absence from the Mortgage File of the original signed Mortgage Note, unless the Mortgage File contains a signed lost note affidavit and indemnity with a copy of the Mortgage Note that appears to be regular on its face; (b) the absence from the Mortgage File of the original signed Mortgage that appears to be regular on its face, unless there is included in the Mortgage File either a copy of the Mortgage with evidence of recording thereon or a copy of the Mortgage and a certificate from the related Mortgage Loan Seller stating that the original signed Mortgage was sent for recordation (or certified by the applicable recorder’s office); (c) the absence from the Mortgage File of the item called for byclause (viii) of the definition of Mortgage File; (d) the absence from the Mortgage File of any intervening assignments required to create a complete chain of assignments to the Trustee on behalf of the Trust, unless there is included in the Mortgage File either a copy of the assignment with evidence of recording thereon or a copy of the intervening assignment and a certificate from the related Mortgage Loan Seller stating that the original intervening assignments were sent for filing or recordation (or certified by the applicable recorder’s office), as applicable; (e) the absence from the Mortgage File of any required letter of credit (except as permitted underSection 2.01(b)); or (f) with respect to any related leasehold Mortgage Loan, the absence from the related Mortgage File of a copy (or an original, if available) of the related Ground Lease;provided,however, that no Defect (except the Defects previously described insubclauses (a) through(f) of thisSection 2.03(c)) shall be considered to materially and adversely affect the value of the related Mortgage Loan, the value of the related Mortgaged Property or the interests of the Trustee or Certificateholders unless the document with respect to which the Defect exists is required in connection with an imminent enforcement of the mortgagee’s rights or remedies under the related Mortgage Loan, defending any claim asserted by any Mortgagor or third party with respect to the related Mortgage Loan, establishing the validity or priority of any lien on any collateral securing the related Mortgage Loan or for any immediate significant servicing obligation;provided,further, that no Defect relating to any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan previously described insubclauses (b) through(f) of thisSection 2.03(c) shall be considered to materially and adversely affect the value of such Mortgage Loan, the value of the related Mortgaged Property or the interests of the Trustee or Certificateholders unless the related Mortgage Loan Seller, after receipt of notice of such Defect, is unable to produce a copy of the document with respect to which the Defect exists within a reasonable period after receiving such notice or otherwise establish that the original or copy, as applicable, of such document has been delivered, in compliance with the terms of the related Non-Serviced PSA, to the custodian under the related Non-Serviced PSA. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the delivery of executed escrow instructions or a binding commitment to issue a lender’s title insurance policy, as provided inclause (viii) of the definition of Mortgage File herein, in lieu of the delivery of the actual policy

 

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of lender’s title insurance, shall not be considered a Material Defect with respect to any Mortgage File if such actual policy is delivered to the Custodian not later than eighteen (18) months following the Closing Date. Notwithstanding the foregoing, to the extent a Mortgage Loan Seller has otherwise complied with its document delivery requirements under this Agreement and the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement, in the event that the Custodian has acknowledged receipt pursuant toSection 2.02 above of a document that is part of the Mortgage File or a Mortgage Loan Seller can otherwise prove delivery of the document, and the Custodian subsequently loses a document, the fact that such document is lost may not be utilized as the basis for a claim of a Material Defect against a Mortgage Loan Seller pursuant to Section 6(e) of the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement and/or thisSection 2.03 and the Custodian shall be liable for any such loss to the extent provided for inSection 8.01 hereof.

 

(d)          In connection with any repurchase of, or substitution of a Qualified Substitute Mortgage Loan for a Mortgage Loan contemplated by thisSection 2.03, the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Custodian, the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer shall each tender to the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller, upon delivery to each of the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Custodian, the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer of a trust receipt executed by the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller evidencing such repurchase or substitution, all portions of the Mortgage File and other documents pertaining to such Mortgage Loan possessed by each of the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Custodian, the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer (other than attorney-client communications that are privileged communications), and each document that constitutes a part of the Mortgage File that was endorsed or assigned to the Trustee shall be endorsed or assigned, as the case may be, to the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller in the same manner as provided in Section 6 of the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement and, if applicable, the definition of “Mortgage File” herein, so as to vest in such Mortgage Loan Seller the legal and beneficial ownership of such repurchased or substituted Mortgage Loan (including property acquired in respect thereof and proceeds of any insurance policy with respect thereto) and the related Mortgage Loan documents.

 

(e)          Section 6 of each of the Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreements provides the sole remedy available to the Certificateholders (subject to the limitations on the rights of the Certificateholders under this Agreement), or the Trustee on behalf of the Certificateholders, the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, with respect to any Defect in a Mortgage File or any Breach of any representation or warranty with respect to a Mortgage Loan set forth in or required to be made pursuant to Section 6 of any of the Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreements.

 

(f)           The Master Servicer (in the case of Non-Specially Serviced Loans) or the Special Servicer (in the case of Specially Serviced Loans) shall, for the benefit of the Certificateholders and the Trustee (as holder of the Lower-Tier Regular Interests), enforce the obligations of the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller under the applicable Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement. Such enforcement, including, without limitation, the legal prosecution of claims, if any, shall be carried out in accordance with the Servicing Standard. Any costs incurred by the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer with respect to the enforcement of the obligations of the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller under the applicable Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement shall, to the extent not recovered from the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller, be deemed to be Servicing Advances to the extent not otherwise provided for herein. The Master

 

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Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, shall be reimbursed for the reasonable costs of such enforcement:first, from a specific recovery, if any, of costs, expenses or attorneys’ fees against the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller;second, pursuant toSection 3.05(a)(vii) herein out of the related Purchase Price, to the extent that such expenses are a specific component thereof; andthird, if at the conclusion of such enforcement action it is determined that the amounts described inclauses first andsecond are insufficient, then pursuant toSection 3.05(a)(viii)herein out of general collections on the Mortgage Loans on deposit in the Collection Account. Any costs, expenses or attorneys’ fees related to a repurchase of a Companion Loan shall be paid pursuant to the related Intercreditor Agreement or pursuant to the documents related to an Other Securitization, if applicable.

 

(g)          If a Mortgage Loan Seller incurs any expense in connection with the curing of a Breach, which also constitutes a default under the related Mortgage Loan and is reimbursable thereunder, such Mortgage Loan Seller shall have a right, and shall be subrogated to the rights of the Trustee and the Trust under the Mortgage Loan to recover the amount of such expenses from the related Mortgagor;provided,however, that such Mortgage Loan Seller’s rights pursuant to thisSection 2.03(g) shall be junior, subject and subordinate to the rights of the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Trust, the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer to recover amounts owed by the related Mortgagor under the terms of such Mortgage Loan including, without limitation, the rights to recover unreimbursed Advances, accrued and unpaid interest on Advances at the Reimbursement Rate, fees owed to the Special Servicer, and unpaid or unreimbursed expenses of the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Trust, the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer allocable to such Mortgage Loan. The Master Servicer or, with respect to a Specially Serviced Loan, the Special Servicer, shall use reasonable efforts to recover such expenses for such Mortgage Loan Seller to the extent consistent with the Servicing Standard, but taking into account the subordinate nature of the reimbursement to the related Mortgage Loan Seller;provided,however, that the Master Servicer or, with respect to a Specially Serviced Loan, the Special Servicer, determines in the exercise of its sole discretion consistent with the Servicing Standard that such actions by it will not impair the Master Servicer’s and/or the Special Servicer’s collection or recovery of principal, interest and other sums due with respect to the related Mortgage Loan that would otherwise be payable to the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator and the Certificateholders pursuant to the terms of this Agreement;provided,further, that the Master Servicer or, with respect to a Specially Serviced Loan, the Special Servicer, may waive the collection of amounts due on behalf of such Mortgage Loan Seller in its sole discretion in accordance with the Servicing Standard.

 

(h)          If (i) any Crossed Underlying Loan is required to be repurchased or substituted for in the manner described in thisSection 2.03 and (ii) the applicable Material Defect does not constitute a Material Defect as to any other Crossed Underlying Loan in the related Crossed Mortgage Loan Group (without regard to this paragraph), then the applicable Material Defect shall be deemed to constitute a Material Defect as to any other Crossed Underlying Loan in the related Crossed Mortgage Loan Group for purposes of this paragraph, and the related Mortgage Loan Seller shall repurchase or substitute for such other Crossed Underlying Loan(s) in the related Crossed Mortgage Loan Group as provided inSection 2.03(b) unless such other Crossed Underlying Loans satisfy the Crossed Underlying Loan Repurchase Criteria. In the event that the remaining Crossed Underlying Loans in such Crossed Mortgage

 

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Loan Group satisfy the Crossed Underlying Loan Repurchase Criteria, the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller may elect either to repurchase or substitute for only the affected Crossed Underlying Loan(s) as to which the related Material Defect exists or to repurchase or substitute for all of the Crossed Underlying Loans in the related Crossed Mortgage Loan Group. Any reserve or other cash collateral or letters of credit securing the Crossed Underlying Loans shall be allocated among the related Crossed Underlying Loans in accordance with the related Mortgage Loan documents or otherwise on apro rata basis based upon their outstanding Stated Principal Balances. Except as provided in thisSection 2.03(h) andSection 2.03(i), all other terms of the related Mortgage Loans shall remain in full force and effect without any modification thereof.

 

(i)           Notwithstanding the foregoing, if the related Mortgage provides for the partial release of one or more of the Crossed Underlying Loans, the Depositor may cause the related Mortgage Loan Seller to repurchase only that Crossed Underlying Loan required to be repurchased pursuant to thisSection 2.03, pursuant to the partial release provisions of the related Mortgage;provided,however, that (i) the remaining related Crossed Underlying Loan(s) fully comply with the terms and conditions of the related Mortgage, this Agreement and the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement, including the Crossed Underlying Loan Repurchase Criteria, (ii) in connection with such partial release, the related Mortgage Loan Seller obtains an Opinion of Counsel (at such Mortgage Loan Seller’s expense) to the effect that the contemplated action will not cause an Adverse REMIC Event and (iii) in connection with such partial release, the related Mortgage Loan Seller delivers or causes to be delivered to the Custodian original modifications to the Mortgage prepared and executed in connection with such partial release.

 

(j)           With respect to any Crossed Underlying Loan, to the extent that the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller is required to repurchase or substitute for such Crossed Underlying Loan in the manner prescribed inSection 2.03(h) orSection 2.03(i)while the Trustee continues to hold any other Crossed Underlying Loans in the related Crossed Mortgage Loan Group, the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller and the applicable Master Servicer or, with respect to a Specially Serviced Loan, the applicable Special Servicer, on behalf of the Trustee, as assignee of the Depositor, will, as set forth in the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement, forbear from enforcing any remedies against the other’s Primary Collateral but each will be permitted to exercise remedies against the Primary Collateral securing its respective related Mortgage Loans, including with respect to the Trustee, the Primary Collateral securing the Mortgage Loans still held by the Trustee, so long as such exercise does not materially impair the ability of the other party to exercise its remedies against its Primary Collateral. If the exercise of the remedies by one party would materially impair the ability of the other party to exercise its remedies with respect to the Primary Collateral securing the Crossed Underlying Loans held by such party, then both parties have agreed in the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement to forbear from exercising such remedies until the Mortgage Loan documents evidencing and securing the relevant Mortgage Loan can be modified in a manner that complies with the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement to remove the threat of material impairment as a result of the exercise of remedies.

 

(k)          (i) In the event an Initial Requesting Certificateholder delivers a written request to a party to this Agreement that a Mortgage Loan be repurchased by the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller alleging the existence of a Material Defect with respect to such Mortgage Loan and setting forth the basis for such allegation (a “Certificateholder Repurchase Request”),

 

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such party shall promptly forward that Certificateholder Repurchase Request to the related Mortgage Loan Seller and each other party to this Agreement. Subject toSection 2.03(l), the applicable Master Servicer (in the case of Non-Specially Serviced Loans) and the applicable Special Servicer (in the case of Specially Serviced Loans) (the “Enforcing Servicer”) shall be the Enforcing Party with respect to a Certificateholder Repurchase Request.

 

(ii)          In the event that the Depositor, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator or the Operating Advisor (solely in its capacity as Operating Advisor) obtains knowledge of a Material Defect with respect to a Mortgage Loan, that party shall deliver prompt written notice of such Material Defect to each other party to this Agreement identifying the applicable Mortgage Loan and setting forth the basis for such allegation (an “PSA Party Repurchase Request” and, either a Certificateholder Repurchase Request or a PSA Party Repurchase Request, the “Repurchase Request”) and the Master Servicer (with respect to Non-Specially Serviced Loans) or the Special Servicer (with respect to Specially Serviced Loans) will be required to promptly send the PSA Party Repurchase Request to the related Mortgage Loan Seller. Prior to the occurrence of a Resolution Failure, the Master Servicer (with respect to Non-Specially Serviced Loans) or the Special Servicer (with respect to Specially Serviced Loans) shall act as the Enforcing Party and enforce the rights of the Trust against the related Mortgage Loan Seller with respect to a PSA Party Repurchase Request.

 

(iii)         In the event the Repurchase Request is not Resolved within 180 days after the Mortgage Loan Seller receives the Repurchase Request (a “Resolution Failure”), then the provisions described inSection 2.03(l) below shall applyReceipt of the Repurchase Request shall be deemed to occur two (2) Business Days after the Repurchase Request is sent to the related Mortgage Loan Seller.

 

After the Dispute Resolution Cut-off Date, if no Certificateholder or Certificate Owner has become a Requesting Certificateholder, no Certificateholder or Certificate Owner shall have the right to elect to refer the Repurchase Request to mediation or arbitration and the Enforcing Servicer, as the Enforcing Party, shall be the sole party entitled to enforce the Trust’s rights against the related Mortgage Loan Seller, subject to the consent or consultation rights of the Directing Certificateholder pursuant toSection 6.08.

 

(l)           (i) After a Resolution Failure occurs with respect to a Repurchase Request regarding a Mortgage Loan (whether the Repurchase Request was initiated by an Initial Requesting Certificateholder or by a party to this Agreement), the Enforcing Servicer will be required to send a notice (a “Proposed Course of Action Notice”) to the Initial Requesting Certificateholder, if any, to the address specified in the Initial Requesting Certificateholder’s Repurchase Request, and to the Certificate Administrator (which shall be delivered via electronic mail to trustadministrationgroup@wellsfargo.com) who shall make such notice available to all other Certificateholders and Certificate Owners (by posting such notice on the Certificate Administrator’s Website) indicating the Enforcing Servicer’s intended course of action with respect to the Repurchase Request (the “Proposed Course of Action”). Such notice shall include (a) a request to Certificateholders to indicate their agreement with or dissent from such Proposed Course of Action by clearly marking “agree” or “disagree” to the Proposed Course of Action on such notice within 30 days of the date of such notice and a disclaimer that responses received

 

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after such 30-day period will not be taken into consideration, (b) a statement that in the event any Certificateholder disagrees with the Proposed Course of Action, the Enforcing Servicer shall be compelled to follow or accept the course of action agreed to and/or proposed by the majority of the responding Certificateholders that involves referring the matter to mediation or arbitration, as the case may be, (c) a statement that responding Certificateholders will be required to certify their holdings in connection with such response, (d) a statement that only responses clearly marked “agree” or “disagree” with such Proposed Course of Action will be taken into consideration and (e) instructions for responding Certificateholders to send their responses to the applicable Enforcing Servicer and the Certificate Administrator. If (a) the Enforcing Servicer’s intended course of action with respect to the Repurchase Request does not involve pursuing further action to exercise rights against the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller with respect to the Repurchase Request but the Initial Requesting Certificateholder, if any, or any other Certificateholder or Certificate Owner wishes to exercise its right to refer the matter to mediation (including nonbinding arbitration) or arbitration, or (b) the Enforcing Servicer’s intended course of action is to pursue further action to exercise rights against the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller with respect to the Repurchase Request but the Initial Requesting Certificateholder, if any, or any other Certificateholder or Certificate Owner does not agree with the dispute resolution method selected by the Enforcing Servicer, then the Initial Requesting Certificateholder, if any, or such other Certificateholder or Certificate Owner may deliver to the Enforcing Servicer a written notice (a “Preliminary Dispute Resolution Election Notice”) within 30 days from the date the Proposed Course of Action Notice is posted on the Certificate Administrator’s Website (the “Dispute Resolution Cut-off Date”) indicating its intent to exercise its right to refer the matter to either mediation or arbitration. In the event any Certificateholder or Certificate Owner delivers a Preliminary Dispute Resolution Election Notice, and the Enforcing Servicer has also received responses from other Certificateholders or Certificate Owners supporting the Enforcing Servicer’s initial Proposed Course of Action, such responses shall be considered Preliminary Dispute Resolution Election Notices supporting the Proposed Course of Action. The Certificate Administrator shall within three (3) Business Days after the expiration of the 30-day response period, tabulate the responses received from the Certificateholders and share the results with the Enforcing Servicer. The Certificate Administrator shall only count responses timely received and clearly indicating agreement or dissent with the related Proposed Course of Action and additional verbiage or qualifying language shall not be taken into consideration for purposes of determining whether the related Certificateholder agrees or disagrees with the Proposed Course of Action. The Certificate Administrator shall be under no obligation to answer any questions from Certificateholders regarding such Proposed Course of Action. For the avoidance of doubt, the Certificate Administrator’s obligations in connection with thisSection 2.03(l) shall be limited solely to tabulating Certificateholder responses of “agree” or “disagree” to the Proposed Course of Action, and such obligation shall not be construed to impose any enforcement obligation on the Certificate Administrator. The Enforcing Servicer may conclusively rely (without investigation) on the Certificate Administrator’s tabulation of the majority of the responding Certificateholders.

 

(ii)          If neither the Initial Requesting Certificateholder, if any, nor any other Certificateholder or Certificate Owner delivers a Preliminary Dispute Resolution Election Notice prior to the Dispute Resolution Cut-off Date, no Certificateholder or Certificate Owner shall have the right to refer the Repurchase Request to mediation or arbitration, and the Enforcing Servicer shall be the sole party entitled to enforce the Trust’s rights

 

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against the related Mortgage Loan Seller, subject to the consent or consultation rights of the Directing Certificateholder pursuant toSection 6.08.

 

(iii)         Promptly and in any event within 10 Business Days following receipt of a Preliminary Dispute Resolution Election Notice from (a) the Initial Requesting Certificateholder, if any, or (b) any other Certificateholder or Certificate Owner (each ofclauses (a) and(b), a “Requesting Certificateholder”), the Enforcing Servicer will be required to consult with each Requesting Certificateholder regarding such Requesting Certificateholder’s intention to elect either mediation (including nonbinding arbitration) or arbitration as the dispute resolution method with respect to the Repurchase Request (the “Dispute Resolution Consultation”) so that such Requesting Certificateholder may consider the views of the Enforcing Servicer as to the claims underlying the Repurchase Request and possible dispute resolution methods, such discussions to occur and be completed no later than 10 Business Days following the Dispute Resolution Cut-off Date. The Enforcing Servicer shall be entitled to establish procedures the Enforcing Servicer deems in good faith to be in accordance with the Servicing Standard relating to the timing and extent of such consultations. No later than 5 Business Days after completion of the Dispute Resolution Consultation, a Requesting Certificateholder may provide a final notice to the Enforcing Servicer indicating its decision to exercise its right to refer the matter to either mediation or arbitration (“Final Dispute Resolution Election Notice”).

 

(iv)         If, following the Dispute Resolution Consultation, no Requesting Certificateholder timely delivers a Final Dispute Resolution Election Notice to the Enforcing Servicer, then the Enforcing Servicer will continue to act as the Enforcing Party and will remain obligated under this Agreement to enforce the rights of the Trust with respect to the Repurchase Request and no Certificateholder or Certificate Owner shall have any further right to elect to refer the matter to mediation or arbitration.

 

(v)          If a Requesting Certificateholder timely delivers a Final Dispute Resolution Election Notice to the Enforcing Servicer, then such Requesting Certificateholder shall become the Enforcing Party and must promptly submit the matter to mediation (including nonbinding arbitration) or arbitration. If there are more than one Requesting Certificateholder that timely deliver a Final Dispute Resolution Election Notice, then such Requesting Certificateholders will collectively become the Enforcing Party, and the holder or holders of a majority of the Voting Rights among such Requesting Certificateholders will be entitled to make all decisions relating to such mediation or arbitration. If, however, no Requesting Certificateholder commences arbitration or mediation pursuant to the terms of this Agreement within 30 days after delivery of its Final Dispute Resolution Election Notice to the Enforcing Servicer, then (i) the rights of a Requesting Certificateholder to act as the Enforcing Party shall terminate and no Certificateholder or Certificate Owner shall have any further right to elect to refer the matter to mediation or arbitration, (ii) if the Proposed Course of Action Notice indicated that the Enforcing Servicer shall take no further action with respect to the Repurchase Request, then the related Material Defect shall be deemed waived for all purposes under this Agreement and the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement, and (iii) if the Proposed Course of Action Notice had indicated a course of action other than the course of action under clause (ii), then the Enforcing Servicer shall again become the

 

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Enforcing Party and, as such, shall be the sole party entitled to enforce the Trust’s rights against the related Mortgage Loan Seller.

 

(vi)         Notwithstanding the foregoing, the dispute resolution provisions described above under thisSection 2.03(l) will not apply, and the Enforcing Servicer shall remain the Enforcing Party, if the Enforcing Servicer has commenced litigation with respect to the Repurchase Request, or determines in accordance with the Servicing Standard that it is in the best interest of Certificateholders to commence litigation with respect to the Repurchase Request to avoid the running of any applicable statute of limitations.

 

(vii)        In the event a Requesting Certificateholder becomes the Enforcing Party, the Enforcing Servicer, on behalf of the Trust, shall remain a party to any proceedings against the related Mortgage Loan Seller.

 

(viii)       For the avoidance of doubt, none of the Depositor, any Mortgage Loan Seller nor any of their respective Affiliates shall be entitled to be an Initial Requesting Certificateholder or a Requesting Certificateholder.

 

(ix)         The Requesting Certificateholder is entitled to elect either mediation or arbitration in its sole discretion; however, the Requesting Certificateholder shall not be entitled to then utilize the alternative method in the event that the initial method is unsuccessful.

 

(m)         If the Enforcing Party selects mediation (including nonbinding arbitration), the following provisions shall apply:

 

(i)           The mediation shall be administered by a nationally recognized mediation services provider selected by the related Mortgage Loan Seller (such provider, the “Mediation Services Provider”) in accordance with published mediation procedures (the “Mediation Rules”) promulgated by the Mediation Services Provider.

 

(ii)          The mediator shall be impartial, an attorney and have at least fifteen (15) years of experience in commercial litigation and either commercial real estate finance or commercial mortgage-backed securitization matters or other complex commercial transactions and who will be appointed from a list of neutrals maintained by the Mediation Services Provider. Upon being supplied a list of at least ten potential mediators by the Mediation Services Provider each party will have the right to exercise two peremptory challenges within fourteen (14) days and to rank the remaining potential mediators in order of preference. The Mediation Services Provider shall select the mediator from the remaining attorneys on the list respecting the preference choices of the parties to the extent possible.

 

(iii)         The parties shall use commercially reasonable efforts to conduct an organizational conference to begin the mediation within 10 Business Days of the selection of the mediator and to conclude the mediation within 60 days thereafter.

 

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(iv)         The expenses of any mediation will be allocated among the parties to the mediation, including, if applicable, between the Enforcing Party and Enforcing Servicer, as mutually agreed by the parties as part of the mediation.

 

(n)          If the Enforcing Party selects third-party arbitration, the following provisions will apply:

 

(i)           The arbitration shall be administered by a nationally recognized arbitration services provider selected by the related Mortgage Loan Seller (such provider, the “Arbitration Services Provider”) in accordance with published arbitration procedures (the “Arbitration Rules”) promulgated by the Arbitration Services Provider.

 

(ii)          The arbitrator shall be impartial, an attorney and have at least fifteen (15) years of experience in commercial litigation and either commercial real estate finance or commercial mortgage-backed securitization matters or other complex commercial transactions and who will be appointed from a list of neutrals maintained by the Arbitration Services Provider. Upon being supplied a list of at least ten potential arbitrators by the Arbitration Services Provider each party will have the right to exercise two peremptory challenges within fourteen (14) days and to rank the remaining potential arbitrators in order of preference. The Arbitration Services Provider will select the arbitrator from the remaining attorneys on the list respecting the preference choices of the parties to the extent possible.

 

(iii)         Prior to accepting an appointment, the arbitrator must promptly disclose any circumstances likely to create a reasonable inference of bias or conflict of interest or likely to preclude completion of the hearings within the prescribed time schedule.

 

(iv)         After consulting with the parties at an organizational conference held not later than 10 Business Days after its appointment, the arbitrator shall devise procedures and deadlines for the arbitration, to the extent not already agreed to by the parties, with the goal of expediting the proceeding and completing the arbitration within 120 days. The arbitrator shall have the authority to schedule, hear, and determine any and all motions, including dispositive and discovery motions, in accordance with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure for non-jury matters (the “Rules”) (including summary judgment and other prehearing and post hearing motions), and will do so by reasoned decision on the motion of any party to the arbitration.

 

(v)          Notwithstanding whatever other discovery may be available under the Rules, unless otherwise agreed by the parties, each party to the arbitration will be presumptively limited to the following discovery in the arbitration: (A) the parties shall reasonably and in good faith voluntarily produce to all other parties all documents upon which they intend to rely and all documents they reasonably and in good faith believe to be relevant to the claims or defenses asserted by any of the parties, (B) party witness depositions (excluding Rule 30b-6 witnesses), and (C) expert witness depositions,provided that the arbitrator shall have the ability to grant the parties, or either of them, additional discovery to the extent that the arbitrator determines good cause is shown that such additional discovery is reasonable and necessary.

 

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(vi)         The arbitrator shall make its final determination no later than 30 days after the conclusion of the hearings and submission of any post-hearing submissions. The arbitrator shall resolve the dispute in accordance with the terms of the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement and this Agreement, and may not modify or change those agreements in any way or award remedies not consistent with those agreements. The arbitrator will not have the power to award punitive damages or consequential damages in any arbitration conducted by them. Interest on any monetary award shall bear interest from the date of the Final Dispute Resolution Election Notice at the Prime Rate. In its final determination, the arbitrator shall determine and award the costs of the arbitration (including the fees of the arbitrator, cost of any record or transcript of the arbitration, and administrative fees) and shall award reasonable attorneys’ fees to the parties to the arbitration as determined by the arbitrator in its reasonable discretion. The determination of the arbitrator shall be by a reasoned decision in writing and counterpart copies will be promptly delivered to the parties. The final determination of the arbitrator shall be final and non-appealable, except for actions to confirm or vacate the determination permitted under federal or state law, and may be enforced in any court of competent jurisdiction.

 

(vii)        By selecting arbitration, the selecting party is giving up the right to sue in court, including the right to a trial by jury.

 

(viii)       No person may bring a putative or certificated class action to arbitration.

 

(o)          The following provisions will apply to both mediation and third-party arbitration:

 

(i)           Any mediation or arbitration will be held in New York, New York unless another location is agreed by all parties;

 

(ii)          If the dispute involves a matter that cannot effectively be remedied by the payment of damages, or if there be any dispute relating to arbitration or the arbitrators that cannot be resolved promptly by the arbitrators or the Arbitration Services Provider, then any party in such instance may during the pendency of the arbitration proceedings seek temporary equitable remedies, pending the final decision of the arbitration panel, solely by application in the Southern District of New York if such court shall have subject matter jurisdiction, or if the Southern District of New York has no jurisdiction, then in the Supreme Court of the State of New York for the County of New York. The arbitration proceedings shall not be stayed unless so ordered by the court.

 

(iii)         The details and/or existence of any Repurchase Request, any informal meetings, mediations or arbitration proceedings conducted under thisSection 2.03, including all offers, promises, conduct and statements, whether oral or written, made in the course of the parties’ attempt to informally resolve any Repurchase Request, will be confidential, privileged and inadmissible for any purpose, including impeachment, in any mediation, arbitration or litigation, or other proceeding (including any proceeding under thisSection 2.03). Such information will be kept strictly confidential and will not be disclosed or shared with any third party (other than a party’s attorneys, experts, accountants and other agents and representatives, as reasonably required in connection

 

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with any resolution procedure under thisSection 2.03), except as otherwise required by law, regulatory requirement or court order. If any party to a resolution procedure receives a subpoena or other request for information from a third party (other than a governmental regulatory body) for such confidential information, the recipient will promptly notify the other party to the resolution procedure and will provide the other party with a reasonable opportunity to object to the production of its confidential information.

 

(iv)         In the event a Requesting Certificateholder is the Enforcing Party, the agreement with the arbitrator or mediator, as the case may be, shall be required to contain an acknowledgment that the Trust, or the Enforcing Servicer on its behalf, shall be a party to any arbitration or mediation proceedings solely for the purpose of being the beneficiary of any award in favor of the Enforcing Party;provided that the degree and extent to which the Enforcing Servicer actively prepares for and participates in such proceeding shall be determined by such Enforcing Servicer in consultation with the Directing Certificateholder (provided that no Consultation Termination Event has occurred and is continuing), and in accordance with the Servicing Standard. All amounts recovered by the Enforcing Party shall be paid to the Trust, or the Enforcing Servicer on its behalf, and deposited in the Collection Account. The agreement with the arbitrator or mediator, as the case may be, will provide that in the event a Requesting Certificateholder is allocated any related costs and expenses pursuant to the terms of the arbitrator’s decision or the agreement reached in mediation, neither the Trust nor the Enforcing Servicer acting on its behalf shall be responsible for any such costs and expenses allocated to the Requesting Certificateholder.

 

(v)          In the event a Requesting Certificateholder is the Enforcing Party, the Requesting Certificateholder is required to pay any expenses allocated to the Enforcing Party in the arbitration proceedings or any expenses that the Enforcing Party agrees to bear in the mediation proceedings.

 

(vi)         The Trust (or the Enforcing Servicer or the Trustee, acting on its behalf), the Depositor or any Mortgage Loan Seller shall be permitted to redact any personally identifiable customer information included in any information provided for purposes of any mediation or arbitration. Each party to the proceedings shall be required to agree to keep confidential the details related to the Repurchase Request and the dispute resolution identified in connection with such procedures;provided,however, that the Certificateholders shall be permitted to communicate prior to the commencement of any such proceedings to the extent provided inSection 5.06.

 

(vii)        For the avoidance of doubt, in no event shall the exercise of any right of a Requesting Certificateholder to refer a Repurchase Request to mediation or arbitration affect in any manner the ability of the Enforcing Servicer to perform its obligations with respect to a Mortgage Loan or the exercise of any rights of a Directing Certificateholder.

 

(viii)       In the event that the method of dispute resolution selected is unsuccessful, the Requesting Certificateholder may not elect to then utilize the alternative method.

 

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(ix)          Any out-of-pocket expenses required to be borne by the Enforcing Servicer in a mediation or arbitration shall be reimbursable as trust fund expenses.

 

Section 2.04           Execution of Certificates; Issuance of Lower-Tier Regular Interests. The Trustee hereby acknowledges the assignment to it of the Mortgage Loans and, subject toSection 2.01 and2.02, the delivery to the Custodian of the Mortgage Files and a fully executed original counterpart of each of the Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreements, together with the assignment to it of all of the other assets included in the Lower-Tier REMIC. Concurrently with such assignment and delivery, and in exchange for the Mortgage Loans and the other assets comprising the Lower-Tier REMIC, receipt of which is hereby acknowledged, the Trustee (i) acknowledges the issuance of the Lower-Tier Regular Interests and the Class LR Interest to the Depositor; and (ii) acknowledges the contribution by the Depositor of the Lower-Tier Regular Interests to the Upper-Tier REMIC; and (iv) immediately thereafter, in exchange for the Lower-Tier Regular Interests, the Trustee acknowledges that it has caused the Certificate Administrator to issue the Class UR Interest and has caused the Certificate Registrar to execute and caused the Authenticating Agent to authenticate and to deliver to or upon the order of the Depositor, the Regular Certificates, the Class R Certificates, and the Depositor hereby acknowledges the receipt by it or its designees, of such Certificates in authorized Denominations evidencing the entire beneficial ownership of the Upper-Tier REMIC (and in the case of the Class R Certificates, the Class LR Interest and the Class UR Interest).

 

[End of Article II]

 

Article III

ADMINISTRATION AND
SERVICING OF THE TRUST FUND

 

Section 3.01           The Master Servicer to Act as Master Servicer; Special Servicer to Act as Special Servicer; Administration of the Mortgage Loans, the Serviced Companion Loans and REO Properties.   (a) Each of the Master Servicer and Special Servicer shall service and administer the Mortgage Loans (other than any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan), any related Serviced Companion Loans and the REO Properties (other than any REO Property related to a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) it is obligated to service in accordance with applicable law, this Agreement and the Mortgage Loan documents on behalf of the Trust and in the best interests of and for the benefit of the Certificateholders and, in the case of the Serviced Companion Loans, the Companion Holders and the Trustee, in each case, as a collective whole, taking into account the subordinate orpari passu nature of such Companion Loans, as the case may be (as determined by the Master Servicer or Special Servicer, as the case may be, in its reasonable judgment), in accordance with applicable law, the terms of this Agreement (and, with respect to each Serviced Whole Loan or any Mortgage Loan with related mezzanine debt, the related Intercreditor Agreement) and the terms of the respective Mortgage Loans and, if applicable, the related Companion Loan, taking into account the subordinate orpari passu nature of the Companion Loan, as the case may be. With respect to each Serviced Whole Loan, in the event of a conflict between this Agreement and the related Intercreditor Agreement, the related Intercreditor Agreement shall control;provided that in no event shall the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as the case may be, take any action or omit to take any action in accordance

 

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with the terms of any Intercreditor Agreement that would cause the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as the case may be, to violate the Servicing Standard or the REMIC Provisions. To the extent consistent with the foregoing, the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer shall service the Mortgage Loans (other than any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) and the Serviced Companion Loans in accordance with the higher of the following standards of care: (1) in the same manner in which, and with the same care, skill, prudence and diligence with which the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as the case may be, services and administers similar mortgage loans for other third party portfolios and (2) the same care, skill, prudence and diligence with which the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as the case may be, services and administers similar mortgage loans owned by the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as the case may be, with a view to the (A) the timely recovery of all payments of principal and interest under the Mortgage Loans or Serviced Whole Loans or (B) in the case of a Specially Serviced Loan or an REO Property, maximization of recovery of principal and interest on a net present value basis on such Mortgage Loans and any related Serviced Companion Loans, and the best interests of the Trust and the Certificateholders (as a collective whole as if such Certificateholders constituted a single lender) (and in the case of any Whole Loan, the best interests of the Trust, the Certificateholders and any related Companion Holder (as a collective whole as if such Certificateholders and the holder or holders of the related Companion Loan constituted a single lender), taking into account the subordinate orpari passu nature of the related Companion Loan), as determined by the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as the case may be, in its reasonable judgment, in either case giving due consideration to the customary and usual standards of practice of prudent institutional commercial, multifamily and manufactured housing community mortgage loan servicers, but without regard to any conflict of interest arising from: (i) any relationship that the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer or any Affiliate of the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer may have with any Mortgagor or any Affiliate of such Mortgagor, any Mortgage Loan Seller, any other parties to this Agreement, any Sponsor, any originator of a Mortgage Loan or any Affiliate of any of the foregoing; (ii) the ownership of any Certificate, Companion Loan, mezzanine loan, or subordinate debt relating to a Mortgage Loan by the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer or any Affiliate of the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable; (iii) the obligation, if any, of the Master Servicer to make Advances; (iv) the right of the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as the case may be, or any of its Affiliates to receive compensation for its services and reimbursement for its costs hereunder or with respect to any particular transaction; (v) the ownership, servicing or management for others of (a) the Non-Serviced Mortgage Loans and the Non-Serviced Companion Loans or (b) any other mortgage loans, subordinate debt, mezzanine loans or properties not covered by this Agreement or held by the Trust by the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as the case may be, or any of its Affiliates; (vi) any debt that the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as the case may be, or any of its Affiliates, has extended to any Mortgagor or an Affiliate of any Mortgagor (including, without limitation, any mezzanine financing); (vii) any option to purchase any Mortgage Loan or the related Companion Loan the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as the case may be, or any of its Affiliates, may have; and (viii) any obligation of the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, or any of their respective Affiliates, to repurchase, substitute or make a Loss of Value Payment for a Mortgage Loan as a Mortgage Loan Seller (if the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer or any of their respective Affiliates is a Mortgage Loan Seller) (the foregoing, collectively referred to as the “Servicing Standard”).

 

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The Master Servicer and the Special Servicer shall act in accordance with the Servicing Standard with respect to any action required to be taken regarding the Non-Serviced Mortgage Loans pursuant to their obligations under this Agreement.

 

Without limiting the foregoing, subject toSection 3.19, the Special Servicer shall be obligated to service and administer (i) any Mortgage Loans (other than the Non-Serviced Mortgage Loans), any related Serviced Companion Loans as to which a Servicing Transfer Event has occurred and is continuing (each, a “Specially Serviced Loan”) or as otherwise provided herein with respect to Non-Specially Serviced Loans in connection with any Major Decision and (ii) any REO Properties (other than the Non-Serviced Mortgaged Properties);provided that the Master Servicer shall continue to receive payments and make all calculations, and prepare, or cause to be prepared, all reports, required hereunder with respect to the Specially Serviced Loans, except for the reports specified herein as prepared by the Special Servicer, as if no Servicing Transfer Event had occurred and with respect to the REO Properties (and the related REO Loans) as if no REO Acquisition had occurred, and to render such services with respect to such Specially Serviced Loans and REO Properties as are specifically provided for herein;provided,further,however, that the Master Servicer shall not be liable for failure to comply with such duties insofar as such failure results from a failure of the Special Servicer to provide sufficient information to the Master Servicer to comply with such duties or failure by the Special Servicer to otherwise comply with its obligations hereunder. The Master Servicer, in its capacity as Master Servicer, will not have any responsibility for the performance by the Special Servicer, in its capacity as Special Servicer, of its duties under this Agreement. The Special Servicer, in its capacity as Special Servicer, will not have any responsibility for the performance by the Master Servicer, in its capacity as Master Servicer, of its duties under this Agreement. Each Mortgage Loan or any related Serviced Companion Loan that becomes a Specially Serviced Loan shall continue as such until satisfaction of the conditions specified inSection 3.19(a). Without limiting the foregoing, subject to (i) the processing of any Major Decision or Special Servicer Decision by the Special Servicer in accordance with the terms of this Agreement and (ii)Section 3.19, the Master Servicer shall be obligated to service and administer any Non-Specially Serviced Loan or any related Serviced Companion Loan. The Special Servicer shall make the property inspections, use its reasonable efforts to collect the financial statements, budgets, operating statements and rent rolls and forward to the Master Servicer the reports in respect of the related Mortgaged Properties with respect to Specially Serviced Loans in accordance withSection 3.12. After notification to the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer may contact the Mortgagor of any Non-Specially Serviced Loan if efforts by the Master Servicer to collect required financial information have been unsuccessful or any other issues remain unresolved. Such contact shall be coordinated through and with the cooperation of the Master Servicer. No provision herein contained shall be construed as an express or implied guarantee by the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer of the collectability or recoverability of payments on the Mortgage Loans or any related Serviced Companion Loan or shall be construed to impair or adversely affect any rights or benefits provided by this Agreement to the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer (including with respect to Servicing Fees, Special Servicing Fees or the right to be reimbursed for Advances and interest accrued thereon). Any provision in this Agreement for any Advance by the Master Servicer or the Trustee is intended solely to provide liquidity for the benefit of the Certificateholders and not as credit support or otherwise to impose on any such Person the risk of loss with respect to one or more of the Mortgage Loans or any related Serviced Companion Loans. No provision hereof shall be construed to impose liability on the Master

 

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Servicer or the Special Servicer for the reason that any recovery to the Certificateholders in respect of a Mortgage Loan at any time after a determination of present value recovery is less than the amount reflected in such determination.

 

(b)          Subject only to the Servicing Standard and the terms of this Agreement (including, without limitation,Section 6.08) and of the respective Mortgage Loans or any related Serviced Companion Loans and any related Intercreditor Agreement, if applicable, and applicable law, the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer each shall have full power and authority, acting alone or, in the case of the Master Servicer, subject toSection 3.20, through one or more Sub-Servicers, to do or cause to be done any and all things in connection with such servicing and administration for which it is responsible which it may deem necessary or desirable. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, each of the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer, in its own name (or in the name of the Trustee and, if applicable, the related Serviced Companion Noteholder), is hereby authorized and empowered by the Trustee to execute and deliver, on behalf of the Certificateholders (and, with respect to a Serviced Companion Loan, the related Serviced Companion Noteholder) and the Trustee or any of them, with respect to each Mortgage Loan, any related Serviced Companion Loan, it is obligated to service under this Agreement: (i) any and all financing statements, continuation statements and other documents or instruments necessary to maintain the lien created by the related Mortgage or other security document in the related Mortgage File on the related Mortgaged Property and related collateral, and shall, from time to time, execute and/or deliver such financing statements, continuation statements and other documents or instruments as necessary to maintain the lien created by the related Mortgage or other security document in the related Mortgage File on the related Mortgaged Property and related collateral; (ii) subject toSections 3.08,3.18 and6.08, any and all modifications, waivers, amendments or consents to, under or with respect to any documents contained in the related Mortgage File; (iii) any and all instruments of satisfaction or cancellation, pledge agreements and other documents in connection with a defeasance, or of partial or full release or discharge, and all other comparable instruments; and (iv) any or all complaints or other pleadings to initiate and/or to terminate any action, suit or proceeding on behalf of the Trust (in their representative capacities (except as set forth below in this paragraph). The Master Servicer (with respect to Non-Specially Serviced Loans) and the Special Servicer (with respect to Specially Serviced Loans) shall provide to the Mortgagor related to such Mortgage Loans that it is servicing any reports required to be provided to them pursuant to the related Mortgage Loan documents. Subject toSection 3.10, the Trustee shall (i) on the Closing Date, furnish to the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer original powers of attorney in the form ofExhibit R attached hereto (or such other form as mutually agreed to by the Trustee and the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable) and (ii) upon request, furnish, or cause to be furnished, to the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer any powers of attorney substantially in the form ofExhibit R attached hereto (or such other form as mutually agreed to by the Trustee and the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable) and other documents necessary or appropriate to enable the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as the case may be, to carry out its servicing and administrative duties hereunder;provided,however, that the Trustee shall not be held responsible or liable for any acts of the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, or for any negligence with respect to, or misuse of, any such power of attorney by the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer. Notwithstanding anything contained herein to the contrary, the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as the case may be, shall not, without the Trustee’s written consent: (i) initiate any action, suit or proceeding solely under the Trustee’s

 

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name without indicating the Master Servicer’s or the Special Servicer’s, as the case may be, representative capacity (unless prohibited by any requirement of the applicable jurisdiction in which any such action, suit or proceeding is brought and if so prohibited, in the manner required by such jurisdiction (providedthat the Master Servicer or Special Servicer, as applicable, shall then provide five (5) Business Days’ written notice to the Trustee of the initiation of such action, suit or proceeding (or such shorter time period as is reasonably required in the judgment of the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, made in accordance with the Servicing Standard) prior to filing such action, suit or proceeding), and shall not be required to obtain the Trustee’s consent or indicate the Master Servicer’s or Special Servicer’s, as applicable, representative capacity)) or (ii) take any action with the intent to cause, and that actually causes, the Trustee to be required to be registered to do business in any state.

 

(c)          To the extent the Master Servicer is permitted pursuant to the terms of the related Mortgage Loan documents, Companion Loan documents (including any related Intercreditor Agreement) to exercise its discretion with respect to any action which requires Rating Agency Confirmation from each Rating Agency and a confirmation of any applicable rating agencies that such action will not result in the downgrade, withdrawal or qualification of its then-current ratings of any class of Serviced Companion Loan Securities (if any) (provided that such rating agency confirmation may be considered satisfied in the same manner as any Rating Agency Confirmation may be considered satisfied with respect to the Certificates pursuant toSection 3.25), the Master Servicer shall require the costs of such Rating Agency Confirmation to be borne by the related Mortgagor. To the extent the terms of the related Mortgage Loan documents or Companion Loan documents (including any related Intercreditor Agreement) require the Mortgagor to bear the costs of any Rating Agency Confirmation or confirmation of any applicable rating agencies that such action will not result in the downgrade, withdrawal or qualification of its then-current ratings of any class of Serviced Companion Loan Securities (if any) (provided that such rating agency confirmation may be considered satisfied in the same manner as any Rating Agency Confirmation may be considered satisfied with respect to the Certificates pursuant toSection 3.25), the Master Servicer shall not waive the requirement that such costs and expenses be borne by the related Mortgagor. To the extent that the terms of the related Mortgage Loan documents or Companion Loan documents (including any related Intercreditor Agreement) are silent as to who bears the costs of any Rating Agency Confirmation or confirmation of any applicable rating agencies that such action will not result in the downgrade, withdrawal or qualification of its then-current ratings of any class of Serviced Companion Loan Securities (if any) (provided that such rating agency confirmation may be considered satisfied in the same manner as any Rating Agency Confirmation may be considered satisfied with respect to the Certificates pursuant toSection 3.25), the Master Servicer shall use reasonable efforts to have the Mortgagor bear such costs and expenses. The Master Servicer shall not be responsible for the payment of such costs and expenses out of pocket other than as a Servicing Advance.

 

(d)          The relationship of each of the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer to the Trustee under this Agreement is intended by the parties to be that of an independent contractor and not that of a joint venturer, partner or agent.

 

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(e)          The Master Servicer shall, to the extent permitted by the related Mortgage Loan documents or any related Companion Loan documents, and consistent with the Servicing Standard, permit Escrow Payments to be invested only in Permitted Investments.

 

(f)           Within sixty (60) days (or such shorter time period as is required by the terms of the applicable Mortgage Loan documents) after the later of (i) the receipt thereof by the Master Servicer and (ii) the Closing Date, (x) the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller pursuant to the Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement shall notify each provider of a letter of credit for each Mortgage Loan identified as having a letter of credit on the Mortgage Loan Schedule, that the Master Servicer (in care of the Trustee, as titled inSection 2.01(b)) for the benefit of the Certificateholders and any related Companion Holders shall be the beneficiary under each such letter of credit and (y) the Master Servicer shall notify each lessor under a Ground Lease for each Mortgage Loan identified as subject to a leasehold interest on the Mortgage Loan Schedule, that the Trust is the leasehold mortgagee , that any notices of default under such Ground Lease and required to be delivered to the leasehold mortgagee pursuant to the terms of such Ground Lease shall be delivered to the Master Servicer (who shall forward such notice to the Special Servicer), and that the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer shall service the related Mortgage Loan for the benefit of the Certificateholders. If a letter of credit is required to be drawn upon earlier than the date the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller has notified the provider of such letter of credit pursuant toclause (x) of the immediately preceding sentence, such Mortgage Loan Seller shall cooperate with the reasonable requests of the Master Servicer or Special Servicer in connection with making a draw under such letter of credit. If the Mortgage Loan documents do not require the related Mortgagor to pay any costs and expenses relating to any modifications to or assignment of the related letter of credit, then the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller shall pay such costs and expenses as and to the extent required under the applicable Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement. If the Mortgage Loan documents require the related Mortgagor to pay any costs and expenses relating to any modifications to the related letter of credit, and such Mortgagor fails to pay such costs and expenses after the Master Servicer has exercised reasonable efforts to collect such costs and expenses from such Mortgagor, then the Master Servicer shall give the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller notice of such failure and the amount of costs and expenses, and such Mortgage Loan Seller shall pay such costs and expenses as and to the extent required under the applicable Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement. The costs and expenses of any modifications to Ground Leases shall be paid by the related Mortgagor. Neither the Master Servicer nor the Special Servicer shall have any liability for the failure of any Mortgage Loan Seller to perform its obligations under the related Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement.

 

(g)          Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, in no event shall the Master Servicer (or the Trustee, as applicable) make an Advance with respect to any Companion Loan to the extent the related Serviced Mortgage Loan has been paid in full or is no longer included in the Trust Fund.

 

(h)          Servicing and administration of each Serviced Companion Loan shall continue hereunder and in accordance with the related Intercreditor Agreement for so long as the corresponding Serviced Mortgage Loan or any related REO Property is part of the Trust Fund or for such longer period as any amounts payable by the related Companion Holder to or for the benefit of the Trust or any party hereto, or payable to the related Companion Holder, in accordance with the related Intercreditor Agreement remain due and owing.

 

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(i)           The Special Servicer agrees that upon the occurrence of a Servicing Transfer Event with respect to any Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan, that is subject to or becomes subject to an Intercreditor Agreement in the future, it shall, subject toSection 3.19, use commercially reasonable efforts to enforce, on behalf of the Trust, subject to the Servicing Standard and to the extent the Special Servicer determines such action is in the best interests of the Trust, all rights conveyed to the Trustee pursuant to any such Intercreditor Agreement. The costs and expenses incurred by the Special Servicer in connection with such enforcement shall be paid as a Trust Fund expense or, subject to the terms of the applicable Intercreditor Agreement, (i) with respect to any Serviced Pari Passu Whole Loan,pro rata andpari passu, by the Trust and Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan, in accordance with the respective outstanding principal balances of the related Serviced Pari Passu Mortgage Loan and Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan or (ii) with respect to any Serviced AB Whole Loan,first, by the related AB Subordinate Companion Loan andthen, by the Trust.

 

(j)           Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the parties hereto acknowledge and agree that, to the extent required under the related Intercreditor Agreement, the servicing and administration of a Serviced Whole Loan shall continue hereunder (but not with respect to making Advances) even if the related Serviced Mortgage Loan is no longer part of the Trust Fund, until such time as a separate servicing agreement is entered into in accordance with the related Intercreditor Agreement (it being acknowledged that neither the Master Servicer nor the Special Servicer shall be obligated under a separate agreement to which it is not a party);provided that, other than pursuant toSection 6.04 (and, with respect toSection 6.04, solely with respect to claims, losses, penalties, fines, forfeitures, reasonable legal fees and related costs, judgments, and any other costs, liabilities, fees and expenses incurred in connection with a legal claim or action resulting from an action or inaction taken or not taken while the related Serviced Mortgage Loan was part of the Trust Fund), no costs, expenses, losses or fees accruing with respect to such Serviced Whole Loan on and after the date the related Serviced Mortgage Loan is no longer part of the Trust Fund shall be payable out of the Trust Fund and the Master Servicer shall have no obligation to make any Advance on or after the date such Serviced Mortgage Loan ceases to be part of the Trust Fund;provided,however, that if, in the case of any Serviced Pari Passu Whole Loan, the related Serviced Companion Loan continues to be included in an Other Securitization, then for so long as a separate servicing agreement (pursuant to the related Intercreditor Agreement) has not been entered into, the Master Servicer shall inform the related Other Servicer of any need to make Servicing Advances with respect to a Serviced Whole Loan within three (3) Business Days of determining that such an Advance is necessary or being notified that such an Advance is necessary, or in the case of a Servicing Advance that needs to be made on an emergency or urgent basis, within one (1) Business Day. With respect to Servicing Advances made by any Other Servicer as contemplated in the second proviso to the preceding sentence, the Master Servicer shall, from collections on the related Serviced Whole Loan (but never out of general collections on the Mortgage Loans and REO Properties) received by the Master Servicer, reimburse the Other Servicer for such Servicing Advances in the same manner and on the same level of priority as if such Servicing Advances had been made by the Master Servicer hereunder.

 

(k)          Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the parties hereto acknowledge and agree that the Master Servicer’s and the Special Servicer’s obligations and responsibilities hereunder and the Master Servicer’s and the Special Servicer’s authority with

 

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respect to a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan are limited by and subject to the terms of the related Non-Serviced Intercreditor Agreement and the rights of the related Non-Serviced Master Servicer and Non-Serviced Special Servicer with respect thereto under the related Non-Serviced PSA. The Master Servicer (or, with respect to any Specially Serviced Loan, the Special Servicer) shall use reasonable efforts consistent with the Servicing Standards to enforce the rights of the Trustee (as holder of a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) under the related Non-Serviced Intercreditor Agreement and Non-Serviced PSA.

 

(l)           The parties hereto acknowledge that each Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan is subject to the terms and conditions of the related Non-Serviced Intercreditor Agreement and further acknowledge that, pursuant to the related Non-Serviced Intercreditor Agreement, (i) the related Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan is to be serviced and administered by the related Non-Serviced Master Servicer and Non-Serviced Special Servicer in accordance with the related Non-Serviced PSA, and (ii) in the event that (A) the related Non-Serviced Companion Loan is no longer part of the Trust Fund created by the related Non-Serviced PSA and (B) the related Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan is included in the Trust Fund, then, as set forth in the related Non-Serviced Intercreditor Agreement, the related Non-Serviced Whole Loan shall continue to be serviced in accordance with the related Non-Serviced PSA, until such time as a new servicing agreement has been agreed to by the parties to the related Non-Serviced Intercreditor Agreement in accordance with the provisions of such agreement and confirmation has been obtained from the Rating Agencies that such new servicing agreement would not result in a downgrade, qualification or withdrawal of the then current ratings of any Class of Certificates then outstanding.

 

(m)         Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the parties hereto acknowledge and agree that the Master Servicer’s and the Special Servicer’s obligations and responsibilities hereunder and the Master Servicer’s and the Special Servicer’s authority with respect to a Serviced Whole Loan are limited by, and subject to, the terms of the related Intercreditor Agreement. The Master Servicer (or, if a Serviced Whole Loan becomes a Specially Serviced Loan, the Special Servicer) shall use reasonable efforts consistent with the Servicing Standard to obtain the benefits of the rights of the Trust (as holder of the related Serviced Mortgage Loan) under the related Intercreditor Agreement. In the event of any conflict between this Agreement and the related Intercreditor Agreement, the provisions of the related Intercreditor Agreement shall control.

 

(n)          In connection with the securitization of any Serviced Companion Loan (in each case, only while it is a Serviced Companion Loan), upon the request of (and at the expense of) the related Serviced Companion Noteholder (or its designee), each of the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer (if such Serviced Companion Loan is a Specially Serviced Loan) and the Trustee, as applicable, shall use reasonable efforts to cooperate with such Serviced Companion Noteholder in attempting to cause the related Mortgagor to provide information relating to such Whole Loan and the related notes, and that such holder reasonably determines to be necessary or appropriate, for inclusion in any disclosure document(s) relating to such Other Securitization.

 

Section 3.02          Collection of Mortgage Loan Payments.   (a)  Each of the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer shall use reasonable efforts consistent with the Servicing Standard to collect all payments called for under the terms and provisions of the Mortgage Loans

 

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and the Companion Loans it is obligated to service hereunder, and shall follow such collection procedures as are consistent with this Agreement (including, without limitation, the Servicing Standard). The Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, may in its discretion waive any Penalty Charge in connection with any delinquent payment on a Mortgage Loan and Companion Loan that it is obligated to service hereunder.

 

(b)          (i)  All amounts collected by or on behalf of the Trust in respect of a Mortgage Loan shall be applied to amounts due and owing under the Mortgage Loan documents (including for principal and accrued and unpaid interest) in accordance with the express provisions of the Mortgage Loan documents;provided,however, that absent express provisions in the related Mortgage Loan documents (including any related Intercreditor Agreement), all amounts collected by or on behalf of the Trust in respect of a Mortgage Loan in the form of payments from the related Mortgagor, Liquidation Proceeds or Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds under the Mortgage Loan (in the case of each Serviced Whole Loan, exclusive of amounts payable to any applicable Companion Loan pursuant to the terms of the related Intercreditor Agreement) shall be applied in the following order of priority:

 

first, as a recovery of any unreimbursed Advances (including any Workout-Delayed Reimbursement Amount) with respect to the related Mortgage Loan and unpaid interest at the Reimbursement Rate on such Advances and, if applicable, unreimbursed and unpaid additional expenses of the Trust;

 

second, as a recovery of Nonrecoverable Advances and any interest on those Nonrecoverable Advances at the Reimbursement Rate, to the extent previously paid or reimbursed from principal collections on the Mortgage Loans (as described in the first proviso in the definition of Principal Distribution Amount);

 

third, to the extent not previously so allocated pursuant to clausefirst orsecond above, as a recovery of accrued and unpaid interest on such Mortgage Loan to the extent of the excess of (i) unpaid interest (exclusive of Default Interest) accrued on such Mortgage Loan at the related Mortgage Rate in effect from time to time through the end of the applicable mortgage interest accrual period, over (ii) after taking into account any allocations pursuant to clausefifth below on earlier dates, the aggregate portion of the accrued and unpaid interest described in subclause (i) of this clausethird that either (A) was not advanced because of the reductions (if any) in the amount of related P&I Advances for such Mortgage Loan that have occurred in connection with related Appraisal Reduction Amounts or (B) accrued at the related Net Mortgage Rate on the portion of the Stated Principal Balance of such Mortgage Loan equal to any related Collateral Deficiency Amount in effect from time to time and as to which no P&I Advance was made;

 

fourth, to the extent not previously allocated pursuant to clausefirst, as a recovery of principal of such Mortgage Loan then due and owing, including by reason of acceleration of such Mortgage Loan following a default thereunder (or, if the Mortgage Loan has been liquidated, as a recovery of principal to the extent of its entire remaining unpaid principal balance);

 

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fifth, as a recovery of accrued and unpaid interest on such Mortgage Loan to the extent of the sum of (A) the cumulative amount of the reductions (if any) in the amount of related P&I Advances for such Mortgage Loan that have occurred in connection with related Appraisal Reduction Amounts, plus (B) any unpaid interest (exclusive of Default Interest) that accrued at the related Net Mortgage Rate on the portion of the Stated Principal Balance of such Mortgage Loan equal to any related Collateral Deficiency Amount in effect from time to time and as to which no P&I Advance was made (to the extent collections have not been allocated as recovery of such accrued and unpaid interest pursuant to this clausefifth on earlier dates);

 

sixth, as a recovery of amounts to be currently allocated to the payment of, or escrowed for the future payment of, real estate taxes, assessments and insurance premiums and similar items relating to such Mortgage Loan;

 

seventh, as a recovery of any other reserves to the extent then required to be held in escrow with respect to such Mortgage Loan;

 

eighth, as a recovery of any Yield Maintenance Charge then due and owing under such Mortgage Loan;

 

ninth, as a recovery of any late payment charges and Default Interest then due and owing under such Mortgage Loan;

 

tenth, as a recovery of any assumption fees, assumption application fees and Modification Fees then due and owing under such Mortgage Loan;

 

eleventh, as a recovery of any other amounts then due and owing under such Mortgage Loan other than remaining unpaid principal (if both consent fees and Operating Advisor Consulting Fees are due and owing,first, allocated to consent fees andthen, allocated to Operating Advisor Consulting Fees); and

 

twelfth, as a recovery of any remaining principal of such Mortgage Loan to the extent of its entire remaining unpaid principal balance;

 

provided that to the extent required under the REMIC Provisions, payments or proceeds received (or receivable by exercise of the lender’s rights under the related Mortgage Loan documents) with respect to any partial release of a Mortgaged Property (including in connection with a condemnation) at a time when the loan to value ratio of the related Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan, as applicable, exceeds 125%, or would exceed 125% following any partial release (based solely on the value of real property and excluding personal property and going concern value, if any, unless otherwise permitted under the applicable REMIC Provisions as evidenced by an Opinion of Counsel to the Trustee) must be collected and allocated to reduce the principal balance of the Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan) in the manner required by the REMIC Provisions;provided,further, that if a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan and any related Non-Serviced Companion Loan comprising a Non-Serviced Whole Loan become REO Loans, the treatment of the foregoing amounts with respect to such Non-Serviced Whole Loan shall be subject to the terms of the related Non-Serviced Intercreditor Agreement and Non-Serviced PSA, in that order;provided,further, that with respect to each Mortgage Loan related to a Serviced Whole Loan, amounts collected with respect to the related Serviced Whole Loan shall be

 

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allocated first pursuant to the terms of the related Intercreditor Agreement and then, any amounts allocated to the related Serviced Mortgage Loan shall be subject to application as described above.

 

(ii)          Collections by or on behalf of the Trust in respect of any REO Property (exclusive of the amounts to be allocated to the payment of the costs of operating, managing, leasing, maintaining and disposing of such REO Property and, if applicable, in the case of each Serviced Whole Loan, exclusive of any amounts payable to the holder(s) of the related Companion Loan(s), as applicable, pursuant to the terms of the related Intercreditor Agreement) shall be applied in the following order of priority:

 

first, as a recovery of any unreimbursed Advances (including any Workout-Delayed Reimbursement Amount) with respect to the related Mortgage Loan and interest at the Reimbursement Rate on all Advances and, if applicable, unreimbursed and unpaid additional Trust Fund expenses with respect to the related Mortgage Loan;

 

second, as a recovery of Nonrecoverable Advances and any interest on those Nonrecoverable Advances at the Reimbursement Rate, to the extent previously paid or reimbursed from principal collections on the Mortgage Loans (as described in the first proviso in the definition of Principal Distribution Amount);

 

third, to the extent not previously so allocated pursuant to clausefirst orsecond above, as a recovery of accrued and unpaid interest on such Mortgage Loan to the extent of the excess of (i) unpaid interest (exclusive of Default Interest) accrued on such Mortgage Loan at the related Mortgage Rate in effect from time to time through the end of the applicable mortgage interest accrual period, over (ii) after taking into account any allocations pursuant tofifth below or clausefifthofSection 3.02(b)(i) on earlier dates, the aggregate portion of the accrued and unpaid interest described in subclause (i) of this clausethird that either (A) was not advanced because of the reductions (if any) in the amount of related P&I Advances for such Mortgage Loan that have occurred in connection with related Appraisal Reduction Amounts or (B) accrued at the related Net Mortgage Rate on the portion of the Stated Principal Balance of such Mortgage Loan equal to any related Collateral Deficiency Amount in effect from time to time and as to which no P&I Advance was made;

 

fourth, to the extent not previously allocated pursuant to clausefirst, as a recovery of principal of such Mortgage Loan to the extent of its entire unpaid principal balance;

 

fifth, as a recovery of accrued and unpaid interest on such Mortgage Loan to the extent of the sum of (A) the cumulative amount of the reductions (if any) in the amount of related P&I Advances for such Mortgage Loan that have occurred in connection with related Appraisal Reduction Amounts, plus (B) any unpaid interest (exclusive of Default Interest) that accrued at the related Net Mortgage Rate on the portion of the Stated Principal Balance of such Mortgage Loan equal to any related Collateral Deficiency Amount in effect from time to time and as to which no P&I Advance was made (to the extent collections have not been allocated as recovery of accrued and unpaid interest pursuant to this clausefifth or clausefifth ofSection 3.02(b)(i) on earlier dates);

 

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sixth, as a recovery of any Yield Maintenance Charge then due and owing under such Mortgage Loan;

 

seventh, as a recovery of any late payment charges and Default Interest then due and owing under such Mortgage Loan;

 

eighth, as a recovery of any assumption fees, assumption application fees and Modification Fees then due and owing under such Mortgage Loan; and

 

ninth, as a recovery of any other amounts then due and owing under such Mortgage Loan (if both consent fees and Operating Advisor Consulting Fees are due and owing,first, allocated to consent fees andthen, allocated to Operating Advisor Consulting Fees);

 

provided that if a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan and any related Non-Serviced Companion Loan comprising a Non-Serviced Whole Loan becomes an REO Loan, the treatment of the foregoing amounts with respect to such Non-Serviced Whole Loan shall be subject to the terms of the related Non-Serviced Intercreditor Agreement and Non-Serviced PSA, in that order;provided,further, that with respect to each Mortgage Loan related to a Serviced Whole Loan, amounts collected with respect to the related Serviced Whole Loan shall be allocated first pursuant to the terms of the related Intercreditor Agreement and then, any amounts allocated to the related Serviced Mortgage Loan shall be subject to application as described above.

 

(iii)         Notwithstandingclauses (i) and(ii) above, such provisions shall not be deemed to affect the priority of distributions of payments pursuant to the provisions of this Agreement. To the extent that such amounts are paid by a party other than a Mortgagor, such amounts shall be deemed to have been paid in respect of a purchase of all or part of the Mortgaged Property (in the case of Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds or Liquidation Proceeds) and then paid by the Mortgagor under the Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan, as applicable, in accordance withSection 3.02(b)(ii) above.

 

(c)          To the extent consistent with the terms of the Mortgage Loans (and, with respect to each Serviced Whole Loan, the related Serviced Companion Loan and the related Intercreditor Agreement) and applicable law, the Master Servicer shall apply all Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds it receives on a day other than the Due Date to amounts due and owing under the related Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan as if such Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds were received on the Due Date immediately succeeding the month in which Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds were received and otherwise in accordance withSection 3.02(b)(ii) above.

 

(d)          [Reserved.]

 

(e)          With respect to any Mortgage Loan in connection with which the Mortgagor was required to escrow funds or to post a letter of credit related to obtaining certain performance objectives described in the applicable Mortgage Loan documents, the Master Servicer shall, to the extent consistent with the Servicing Standard, hold such escrows, letters of credit and proceeds thereof as additional collateral and not apply such items to reduce the principal balance of such Mortgage Loan or Serviced Companion Loan, unless otherwise

 

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required to do so pursuant to the applicable Mortgage Loan documents, applicable law or court order.

 

(f)           Promptly following the Closing Date, in the case of any Non-Serviced Whole Loan, the Certificate Administrator shall send written notice (in the form attached hereto asExhibit T) to the related Non-Serviced Master Servicer (with a copy to any other applicable party set forth on the schedule of addresses toExhibit T) stating that, as of such date, the Trustee is the holder of the related Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan and directing such Non-Serviced Master Servicer to remit to the Master Servicer all amounts payable to, and to forward, deliver or otherwise make available, as the case may be, to the Master Servicer all reports, statements, documents, communications and other information that are to be forwarded, delivered or otherwise made available to, the holder of such Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan under the related Non-Serviced Intercreditor Agreement and the related Non-Serviced PSA. The Master Servicer shall, within two (2) Business Days of receipt of properly identified funds, deposit into the Collection Account all amounts received with respect to the related Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, the related Non-Serviced Mortgaged Property or any related REO Property.

 

Section 3.03          Collection of Taxes, Assessments and Similar Items; Servicing Accounts.  (a)  The Master Servicer shall establish and maintain one or more accounts (the “Servicing Accounts”), into which all Escrow Payments shall be deposited and retained, and shall administer such Servicing Accounts in accordance with the Mortgage Loan documents and, if applicable, the Companion Loan documents, as the case may be. Any Servicing Account related to a Serviced Whole Loan shall be held for the benefit of the Certificateholders and the related Serviced Companion Noteholder collectively, but this shall not be construed to modify respective interests of either noteholder therein as set forth in the related Intercreditor Agreement. Amounts on deposit in Servicing Accounts may only be invested in accordance with the terms of the related Mortgage Loan documents and Companion Loan documents, as applicable, or in Permitted Investments in accordance with the provisions ofSection 3.06. Servicing Accounts shall be Eligible Accounts to the extent permitted by the terms of the related Mortgage Loan documents. Withdrawals of amounts so deposited from a Servicing Account may be made only to: (i) effect payment of items for which Escrow Payments were collected and comparable items; (ii) reimburse the Trustee and then the Master Servicer, if applicable, for any Servicing Advances; (iii) refund to Mortgagors any sums as may be determined to be overages; (iv) pay interest to Mortgagors on balances in the Servicing Account, if required by applicable law or the terms of the related Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan and as described below or, if not so required, to the Master Servicer; (v) after the occurrence of an event of default under the related Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan, apply amounts to the indebtedness under the applicable Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan; (vi) withdraw amounts deposited in error; (vii) pay Penalty Charges to the extent permitted by the related Mortgage Loan documents; or (viii) clear and terminate the Servicing Account at the termination of this Agreement in accordance withSection 9.01. As part of its servicing duties, the Master Servicer shall pay or cause to be paid to the Mortgagors interest on funds in Servicing Accounts, to the extent required by law or the terms of the related Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan;provided,however, that in no event shall the Master Servicer be required to remit to any Mortgagor any amounts in excess of actual net investment income or funds in the related Servicing Account. If allowed by the related Mortgage Loan documents and applicable law, the Master Servicer may charge the related Mortgagor an administrative fee for maintenance of the Servicing Accounts.

 

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(b)          The Special Servicer, in the case of REO Loans (other than any REO Loan succeeding a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan), and the Master Servicer, in the case of all other Mortgage Loans (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) and each Serviced Companion Loan, shall maintain accurate records with respect to each related Mortgaged Property reflecting the status of real estate taxes, assessments and other similar items that are or may become a lien thereon and the status of insurance premiums and any ground rents payable in respect thereof. The Special Servicer, in the case of REO Loans (other than any REO Loan succeeding a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan), and the Master Servicer, in the case of all other Mortgage Loans (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) and each Serviced Companion Loan, shall use reasonable efforts consistent with the Servicing Standard to obtain, from time to time, all bills for the payment of such items (including renewal premiums) and shall effect payment thereof from the REO Account or by the Master Servicer as Servicing Advances prior to the applicable penalty or termination date and, in any event, prior to the institution of foreclosure or similar proceedings with respect to the related Mortgaged Property for nonpayment of such items, employing for such purpose Escrow Payments (which shall be so applied by the Master Servicer at the written direction of the Special Servicer in the case of REO Loans) as allowed under the terms of the related Mortgage Loan (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) and Companion Loan. Other than with respect to any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, the Master Servicer shall service and administer any reserve accounts (including monitoring, maintaining or changing the amounts of required escrows) in accordance with the terms of such Mortgage Loan and the related Serviced Companion Loan and the Servicing Standard. To the extent that a Mortgage Loan (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) and any related Companion Loan does not require a Mortgagor to escrow for the payment of real estate taxes, assessments, insurance premiums, ground rents (if applicable) and similar items, the Special Servicer, in the case of REO Loans, and the Master Servicer, in the case of all other Mortgage Loans or Companion Loan that it is responsible for servicing hereunder, shall use efforts consistent with the Servicing Standard to cause the Mortgagor to comply with its obligation to make payments in respect of such items at the time they first become due and, in any event, prior to the institution of foreclosure or similar proceedings with respect to the related Mortgaged Property for nonpayment of such items.

 

(c)          In accordance with the Servicing Standard and for each Mortgage Loan (other than any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loans) and each Serviced Whole Loan, the Master Servicer shall advance all such funds as are necessary for the purpose of effecting the payment of (i) real estate taxes, assessments and other similar items that are or may become a lien thereon, (ii) ground rents (if applicable) and (iii) premiums on Insurance Policies, in each instance if and to the extent Escrow Payments collected from the related Mortgagor (or related REO Revenues, if applicable) are insufficient to pay such item when due and the related Mortgagor has failed to pay such item on a timely basis, andprovided,however, that the particular advance would not, if made, constitute a Nonrecoverable Servicing Advance andprovided,further,however, that with respect to the payment of taxes and assessments, the Master Servicer shall not be required to make such advance until the later of five (5) Business Days after the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Certificate Administrator or the Trustee, as the case may be, has received confirmation that such item has not been paid or the date prior to the date after which any penalty or interest would accrue in respect of such taxes or assessments. The Special Servicer shall give the Master Servicer and the Trustee no less than five (5) Business Days’ written (facsimile or electronic) notice before the date on which the Master Servicer is requested to make any

 

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Servicing Advance with respect to a given Specially Serviced Loan or REO Property;provided,however, that only two (2) Business Days’ written (facsimile or electronic) notice shall be required in respect of Servicing Advances required to be made on an emergency or urgent basisprovided,further, that the Special Servicer shall not be entitled to make such a request (other than for Servicing Advances required to be made on an urgent or emergency basis) more frequently than once per calendar month (although such request may relate to more than one Servicing Advance). The Master Servicer may pay the aggregate amount of such Servicing Advances listed on a monthly request to the Special Servicer, in which case the Special Servicer shall remit such Servicing Advances to the ultimate payees. The Special Servicer shall have no obligation to make any Servicing Advances;provided that in an urgent or emergency situation requiring the making of a Servicing Advance, the Special Servicer may make a Servicing Advance. Within five (5) Business Days of making such a Servicing Advance, the Special Servicer shall deliver to the Master Servicer request for reimbursement for such Servicing Advance, along with all information and documentation in the Special Servicer’s possession regarding the subject Servicing Advance as the Master Servicer may reasonably request, and the Master Servicer shall be obligated, out of such Master Servicer’s own funds, to reimburse the Special Servicer for any unreimbursed Servicing Advances (other than Nonrecoverable Servicing Advances) made by the Special Servicer pursuant to the terms hereof), together with interest thereon at the Reimbursement Rate from the date made to, but not including, the date of reimbursement. Such reimbursement and any accompanying payment of interest shall be made within five (5) Business Days of the written request therefor pursuant to the preceding sentence by wire transfer of immediately available funds to an account designated in writing by the Special Servicer. Upon the Master Servicer’s reimbursement to the Special Servicer of any Servicing Advance and payment to the Special Servicer of interest thereon, all in accordance with thisSection 3.03, the Master Servicer shall for all purposes of this Agreement be deemed to have made such Servicing Advance at the same time as the Special Servicer actually made such Servicing Advance, and accordingly, the Master Servicer shall be entitled to be reimbursed for such Servicing Advance, together with interest thereon at the Reimbursement Rate, at the same time, in the same manner and to the same extent as the Master Servicer would otherwise have been entitled if it had actually made such Servicing Advance at the time the Special Servicer did. Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of thisSection 3.03, the Master Servicer shall not be required to reimburse the Special Servicer for any such Servicing Advance if the Master Servicer determines in accordance with the Servicing Standard that such Servicing Advance, although not characterized by the Special Servicer as a Nonrecoverable Servicing Advance, is in fact a Nonrecoverable Servicing Advance. The Master Servicer shall notify the Special Servicer in writing of such determination and, if applicable, such Nonrecoverable Servicing Advance shall be reimbursed to the Special Servicer pursuant toSection 3.05 of this Agreement.

 

Any request by the Special Servicer that the Master Servicer make a Servicing Advance shall be deemed to be a determination by the Special Servicer that such requested Servicing Advance is not a Nonrecoverable Servicing Advance, and the Master Servicer shall be entitled to conclusively rely on such determination;provided that the determination shall be binding on the Master Servicer or Trustee. On the first Business Day after the Determination Date for the related Distribution Date, the Special Servicer shall report to the Master Servicer if the Special Servicer determines any Servicing Advance previously made by the Master Servicer with respect to a Specially Serviced Loan or REO Loan is a Nonrecoverable Servicing Advance. The Master Servicer shall be entitled to conclusively rely on such a determination, but such

 

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determination shall not be binding upon the Master Servicer, and shall in no way limit the ability of the Master Servicer in the absence of such determination to make its own determination that any Advance is a Nonrecoverable Advance. If the Special Servicer makes a determination that only a portion of, and not all of, any previously made or proposed Servicing Advance is a Nonrecoverable Advance, the Master Servicer shall have the right to make its own subsequent determination that any remaining portion of any such previously made or proposed Servicing Advance is a Nonrecoverable Advance. All such Advances shall be reimbursable in the first instance from related collections from the Mortgagors and further as provided inSection 3.05(a). No costs incurred by the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer in effecting the payment of real estate taxes, assessments and, if applicable, ground rents on or in respect of the Mortgaged Properties shall, for purposes hereof, including, without limitation, the Certificate Administrator’s calculation of monthly distributions to Certificateholders, be added to the unpaid principal balances of the related Mortgage Loans or any related Serviced Companion Loan, if applicable, notwithstanding that the terms of such Mortgage Loans or related Serviced Companion Loan, if applicable, so permit. If the Master Servicer fails to make any required Servicing Advance as and when due (including any applicable cure periods), to the extent the Trustee has actual knowledge of such failure, the Trustee shall make such Servicing Advance pursuant toSection 7.05. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, no Servicing Advance shall be required hereunder if such Servicing Advance would, if made, constitute a Nonrecoverable Servicing Advance. In addition, the Master Servicer shall consider Unliquidated Advances in respect of prior Servicing Advances for purposes of nonrecoverability determinations. The Special Servicer shall have no obligation to make any Servicing Advances under this Agreement.

 

Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of thisSection 3.03(c), the Master Servicer shall not be required to reimburse the Special Servicer out of its own funds for, or to make at the direction of the Special Servicer, any Servicing Advance if the Master Servicer determines that such Servicing Advance, although not characterized by the Special Servicer as a Nonrecoverable Servicing Advance, is a Nonrecoverable Servicing Advance. The Master Servicer shall notify the Special Servicer in writing of such determination and, if applicable, such Nonrecoverable Servicing Advance shall be reimbursed to the Special Servicer pursuant toSection 3.05(a).

 

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in thisSection 3.03(c), the Master Servicer may in its good faith judgment elect (but shall not be required unless directed by the Special Servicer with respect to Specially Serviced Loans and REO Loans) to make a payment from amounts on deposit in the Collection Account (or any Companion Distribution Account maintained as a subaccount thereof by a Companion Paying Agent, if applicable) (which shall be deemedfirst made from amounts distributable as principal andthen from all other amounts comprising general collections) to pay for certain expenses set forth below notwithstanding that the Master Servicer (or Special Servicer, as applicable) has determined that a Servicing Advance with respect to such expenditure would be a Nonrecoverable Servicing Advance (unless, with respect to Specially Serviced Loans or REO Loans, the Special Servicer has notified the Master Servicer to not make such expenditure), where making such expenditure would prevent (i) the related Mortgaged Property from being uninsured or being sold at a tax sale or (ii) any event that would cause a loss of the priority of the lien of the related Mortgage, or the loss of any security for the related Mortgage Loan or Serviced Companion Loan;provided that in

 

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each instance, the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, determines in accordance with the Servicing Standard (as evidenced by an Officer’s Certificate delivered to the Trustee) that making such expenditure is in the best interest of the Certificateholders (and, if applicable, the Companion Holders), all as a collective whole (taking into account the subordinate orpari passu nature of any Companion Loans, as the case may be). The Master Servicer or Trustee may elect to obtain reimbursement of Nonrecoverable Servicing Advances from the Trust pursuant to the terms ofSection 3.17(c). The parties acknowledge that pursuant to the applicable Non-Serviced PSA, the applicable Non-Serviced Master Servicer is obligated to make servicing advances with respect to the related Non-Serviced Whole Loan. The applicable Non-Serviced Master Servicer shall be entitled to reimbursement for Nonrecoverable Servicing Advances with respect to such Non-Serviced Whole Loan (with, in each case, any accrued and unpaid interest thereon provided for under the applicable Non-Serviced PSA) in the manner set forth in the applicable Non-Serviced PSA and the applicable Non-Serviced Intercreditor Agreement.

 

(d)          In connection with its recovery of any Servicing Advance out of the Collection Account (or any Companion Distribution Account maintained as a subaccount thereof by the Companion Paying Agent, if applicable) pursuant toSection 3.05(a), the Trustee, the Special Servicer and then the Master Servicer, as the case may be and in that order, shall be entitled to receive, out of any amounts then on deposit in the Collection Account interest at the Reimbursement Rate in effect from time to time, accrued on the amount of such Servicing Advance from the date made to, but not including, the date of reimbursement. Subject toSection 3.17(c), the Master Servicer shall reimburse itself, the Special Servicer or the Trustee, as the case may be, for any outstanding Servicing Advance as soon as practically possible after funds available for such purpose are deposited in the Collection Account (or any Companion Distribution Account maintained as a subaccount thereof by the Companion Paying Agent, if applicable) subject to the Master Servicer’s or the Trustee’s options and rights to defer recovery of such amounts as provided herein;provided,however, that such Master Servicer’s or Trustee’s options and rights to defer recovery of such amounts shall not alter the Master Servicer’s obligation to reimburse the Special Servicer for any outstanding Servicing Advance as provided for in this sentence. To the extent amounts on deposit in the Companion Distribution Account with respect to the related Companion Loan are insufficient for any such reimbursement, the Master Servicer shall use reasonable efforts in accordance with the Servicing Standard to enforce the rights of the holder of the related Mortgage Loan under the related Intercreditor Agreement to obtain any reimbursement available from the holder of the related Companion Loan.

 

(e)          To the extent an operations and maintenance plan is required to be established and executed pursuant to the terms of a Mortgage Loan (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan), the Master Servicer shall request from the Mortgagor written confirmation thereof within a reasonable time after the later of the Closing Date and the date as of which plan is required to be established or completed. To the extent any repairs, capital improvements, actions or remediations are required to have been taken or completed pursuant to the terms of the Mortgage Loan (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan), the Master Servicer shall request from the Mortgagor written confirmation of such actions and remediations within a reasonable time after the later of the Closing Date and the date as of which action or remediations are required to be or to have been taken or completed. To the extent a Mortgagor shall fail to promptly respond to any inquiry described in thisSection 3.03(e), the Master Servicer shall

 

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report any such failure to the Special Servicer within a reasonable time after the date as of which actions or remediations are required to be or to have been taken or completed.

 

Section 3.04          The Collection Account, the Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account, the Upper-Tier REMIC Distribution Account, the Companion Distribution Account, the Interest Reserve Account and the Gain-on-Sale Reserve Account.  (a)  The Master Servicer shall establish and maintain, or cause to be established and maintained, a Collection Account in which the Master Servicer shall deposit or cause to be deposited, in no event later than the second Business Day following receipt of available and properly identified funds (in the case of payments by Mortgagors or other collections on the Mortgage Loans or Companion Loans), except as otherwise specifically provided herein, the following payments and collections received or made by or on behalf of it subsequent to the Cut-off Date (other than in respect of principal and interest on the Mortgage Loans or Companion Loans due and payable on or before the Cut-off Date, which payments shall be delivered promptly to the appropriate Mortgage Loan Seller or its respective designee and other than any amounts received from Mortgagors which are received in connection with the purchase of defeasance collateral), or payments (other than Principal Prepayments) received by it on or prior to the Cut-off Date but allocable to a period subsequent thereto:

 

(i)           all payments on account of principal, including Principal Prepayments on the Mortgage Loans or principal prepayments on Serviced Companion Loans;

 

(ii)          all payments on account of interest on the Mortgage Loans or the Serviced Companion Loans, including Yield Maintenance Charges and Default Interest;

 

(iii)         late payment charges and other Penalty Charges to the extent required to offset interest on Advances and additional expenses of the Trust (other than Special Servicing Fees, Workout Fees or Liquidation Fees) as required bySection 3.11(d);

 

(iv)         all Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds and Liquidation Proceeds (other than Gain-on-Sale Proceeds or Non-Serviced Gain-on-Sale Proceeds) received in respect of any Mortgage Loan, Serviced Companion Loan or REO Property (other than (A) Liquidation Proceeds that are received in connection with the purchase by the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Holders of the majority of the Controlling Class, or the Holders of the Class R Certificates of all the Mortgage Loans and any REO Properties in the Trust Fund and that are to be deposited in the Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account pursuant toSection 9.01 and (B) any proceeds that are received in connection with the purchase, if any, of a Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan from a securitization by the related mortgage loan seller, which shall be paid directly to the servicer of such securitization) together with any recovery of Unliquidated Advances in respect of the related Mortgage Loans;

 

(v)          any amounts required to be transferred from the REO Account pursuant toSection 3.14(c);

 

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(vi)         any amounts required to be deposited by the Master Servicer pursuant toSection 3.06 in connection with losses incurred with respect to Permitted Investments of funds held in the Collection Account; and

 

(vii)        any amounts required to be deposited by the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer pursuant toSection 3.07(b) in connection with losses resulting from a deductible clause in a blanket hazard or master single interest policy.

 

Notwithstanding the foregoing requirements, the Master Servicer need not deposit into the Collection Account any amount that the Master Servicer would be authorized to withdraw immediately from such account in accordance with the terms ofSection 3.05 and shall be entitled to instead immediately pay such amount directly to the Person(s) entitled thereto;provided that such amounts shall be applied in accordance with the terms hereof and shall be reported as if deposited in such Collection Account and then withdrawn.

 

The foregoing requirements for deposit in the Collection Account shall be exclusive, it being understood and agreed that, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, actual payments from Mortgagors in the nature of Escrow Payments, charges for beneficiary statements or demands, assumption fees, modification fees, extension fees, defeasance fees, amounts collected for Mortgagor checks returned for insufficient funds or other amounts the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer would be entitled to retain as additional servicing compensation need not be deposited by the Master Servicer in the Collection Account. If the Master Servicer shall deposit in the Collection Account any amount not required to be deposited therein, it may at any time withdraw such amount from the Collection Account, any provision herein to the contrary notwithstanding. Assumption, extension and modification fees actually received from Mortgagors on Specially Serviced Loans shall be promptly delivered to the Special Servicer as additional servicing compensation.

 

Upon receipt of any of the foregoing amounts inclauses (i) through(iv) above with respect to any Specially Serviced Loans, the Special Servicer shall remit within one (1) Business Day such amounts to the Master Servicer for deposit into the Collection Account, in accordance with thisSection 3.04(a). Any such amounts received by the Special Servicer with respect to an REO Property shall be deposited by the Special Servicer into the REO Account and remitted to the Master Servicer for deposit into the Collection Account, pursuant toSection 3.14(c). With respect to any such amounts paid by check to the order of the Special Servicer, the Special Servicer shall endorse without recourse or warranty such check to the order of the Master Servicer and shall promptly deliver any such check to the Master Servicer by overnight courier. Funds in the Collection Account may only be invested in Permitted Investments in accordance with the provisions ofSection 3.06. As of the Closing Date, the Collection Account for the Master Servicer shall be located at the offices of Wells Fargo Bank, National Association. The Master Servicer shall give notice to the Trustee, the Special Servicer, the Certificate Administrator and the Depositor of the new location of the Collection Account prior to any change thereof.

 

(b)          The Certificate Administrator, on behalf of the Trustee, shall establish and maintain (i) the Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account, the Interest Reserve Account and the Gain-on-Sale Reserve Account in trust for the benefit of the Certificateholders and the Trustee as

 

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Holder of the Lower-Tier Regular Interests and (ii) the Upper-Tier REMIC Distribution Account for the benefit of the Certificateholders and the Trustee as Holder of the Lower-Tier Regular Interests. The Master Servicer shall deliver to the Certificate Administrator each month on or before the P&I Advance Date therein, for deposit in the Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account, that portion of the Available Funds attributable to the Mortgage Loans (in each case, calculated without regard toclauses (a)(iii)(B),(a)(iv),(c) and(d) of the definition of Available Funds) for, and any Yield Maintenance Charges with respect to the Mortgage Loans distributable on, the related Distribution Date. For the avoidance of doubt, so long as Wells Fargo Bank, National Association is the Certificate Administrator, all funds held in the Distribution Account and the Interest Reserve Account shall remain uninvested.

 

With respect to each Companion Loan (excluding any Non-Serviced Companion Loan), the Companion Paying Agent shall establish and maintain the Companion Distribution Account, which may be a subaccount of the Collection Account, for distributions to each Companion Holder, to be held for the benefit of the related Companion Holder and shall, within two (2) Business Days following the Companion Paying Agent’s receipt of properly identified and available funds, deposit in the Companion Distribution Account any and all amounts received by the Companion Paying Agent that are required by the terms of this Agreement or the applicable Intercreditor Agreement to be deposited therein;provided,however, that the Companion Paying Agent shall separately track for each Serviced Companion Loan all amounts deposited with respect to such Serviced Companion Loan. The Master Servicer shall deliver to the Companion Paying Agent each month, on or before the P&I Advance Date therein, for deposit in the Companion Distribution Account, an aggregate amount of immediately available funds, to the extent received with respect to the related Serviced Whole Loan, to the extent of available funds, equal to the amount to be distributed to the related Companion Holder pursuant to the terms of this Agreement and the related Intercreditor Agreement. Notwithstanding the preceding, the following provisions shall apply to remittances relating to the Serviced Companion Loans that have been deposited into an Other Securitization: (1) on each Serviced Whole Loan Remittance Date, the Master Servicer shall withdraw from the Collection Account (or applicable portion thereof) an aggregate amount equal to all payments and/or collections actually received on, and payable to, such Serviced Companion Loans prior to such dates;provided,however, that in no event shall the Master Servicer be required to transfer to the Companion Distribution Account any portion thereof that is payable or reimbursable to or at the direction of any party to this Agreement under the other provisions of this Agreement and/or the related Intercreditor Agreement; and (2) on each Serviced Whole Loan Remittance Date, the Companion Paying Agent shall make the payments and remittance described inSection 4.01(k), which payments and remittance shall be made, in each case, on the Serviced Whole Loan Remittance Date.

 

The Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account, the Upper-Tier REMIC Distribution Account, the Gain-on-Sale Reserve Account, the Interest Reserve Account and the Companion Distribution Account may be subaccounts of a single Eligible Account, which shall be maintained as a segregated account separate from other accounts.

 

In addition to the amounts required to be deposited in the Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account pursuant to thisSection 3.04, the Master Servicer shall, as and when

 

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required hereunder, deliver to the Certificate Administrator for deposit in the Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account:

 

(i)           any amounts required to be deposited by the Master Servicer pursuant toSection 3.17(a) as Compensating Interest Payments (other than the portion of any Compensating Interest Payment allocated to a Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan) in connection with Prepayment Interest Shortfalls;

 

(ii)          any P&I Advances required to be made by the Master Servicer in accordance withSection 4.03;

 

(iii)         any Liquidation Proceeds paid by the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Holders of the Controlling Class or the Holders of the Class R Certificates in connection with the purchase of all of the Mortgage Loans and any REO Properties in the Trust Fund pursuant toSection 9.01 (exclusive of that portion thereof required to be deposited in the Collection Account pursuant toSection 9.01);

 

(iv)         any Yield Maintenance Charges with respect to the Mortgage Loans actually collected; and

 

(v)          any other amounts required to be so delivered for deposit in the Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account pursuant to any provision of this Agreement.

 

If, as of the close of business (New York City time) on any P&I Advance Date or on such other date as any amount referred to in the foregoingclauses (i) through(v) are required to be delivered hereunder, the Master Servicer shall not have delivered to the Certificate Administrator for deposit in the Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account, the amounts required to be deposited therein pursuant to the provisions of this Agreement (including any P&I Advance with respect to the Mortgage Loans, pursuant toSection 4.03(a) hereof), the Master Servicer shall pay the Certificate Administrator interest on such late payment at the Prime Rate from and including the date such payment was required to be made (without regard to any Grace Period set forth inSection 7.01(a)(i)) until (but not including) the date such late payment is received by the Certificate Administrator.

 

The Certificate Administrator shall, upon receipt, deposit in the Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account any and all amounts received by the Certificate Administrator that are required by the terms of this Agreement to be deposited therein.

 

Promptly on each Distribution Date, the Certificate Administrator shall be deemed to withdraw from the Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account and deposit in the Upper-Tier REMIC Distribution Account an aggregate amount of immediately available funds equal to the Lower-Tier Distribution Amount and the amount of any Yield Maintenance Charges for such Distribution Date allocated in payment of the Lower-Tier Regular Interests as specified inSection 4.01(c) andSection 4.01(e), respectively.

 

Funds on deposit in the Gain-on-Sale Reserve Account, the Interest Reserve Account, the Upper-Tier REMIC Distribution Account or the Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account shall not be invested for so long as Wells Fargo Bank, National Association is the

 

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Certificate Administrator;provided,however, that such funds may be invested and, if invested, shall be invested by, and at the risk of, the Certificate Administrator (but only if the Certificate Administrator is not Wells Fargo Bank, National Association) in Permitted Investments selected by the party hereunder that maintains such account which shall mature, unless payable on demand, not later than such time on the Distribution Date which will allow the Certificate Administrator to make withdrawals from the Distribution Account, and any such Permitted Investment shall not be sold or disposed of prior to its maturity unless payable on demand. All such Permitted Investments to be administered by the Certificate Administrator shall be made in the name of “Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as Certificate Administrator, for the benefit of Wilmington Trust, National Association, as Trustee for the Holders of the CSAIL 2016-C7 Commercial Mortgage Trust, Commercial Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates, Series 2016-C7 as their interests may appear”, or in the name of any successor trustee, as Trustee for the Holders of the CSAIL 2016-C7 Commercial Mortgage Trust, Commercial Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates, Series 2016-C7 as their interests may appear. None of the Trust, the Depositor, the Mortgagors, the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer shall be liable for any loss incurred on such Permitted Investments.

 

An amount equal to all income and gain realized from any such investment shall be paid to the Certificate Administrator as additional compensation and shall be subject to its withdrawal at any time from time to time. The amount of any losses incurred in respect of any such investments shall be for the account of the Certificate Administrator which shall deposit the amount of such loss (to the extent not offset by income from other investments) in the Distribution Accounts, as the case may be, out of its own funds immediately as realized. If the Certificate Administrator deposits in or transfers to the Distribution Accounts, as the case may be, any amount not required to be deposited therein or transferred thereto, it may at any time withdraw such amount or retransfer such amount from the Distribution Accounts, as the case may be, any provision herein to the contrary notwithstanding.

 

As of the Closing Date, the Interest Reserve Account, the Upper-Tier REMIC Distribution Account and the Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account shall be located at the offices of the Certificate Administrator. The Certificate Administrator shall give notice to the Trustee, the Master Servicer and the Depositor of the proposed location of the Interest Reserve Account, the Upper-Tier REMIC Distribution Account, the Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account, and, if established, the Gain-on-Sale Reserve Account prior to any change thereof.

 

For the avoidance of doubt, the Collection Account (other than the Companion Distribution Account, if it is a sub-account of the Collection Account, the Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account, the Gain-on-Sale Reserve Account, any Servicing Account, the REO Account, and the Interest Reserve Account (including interest, if any, earned on the investment of funds in such accounts) will be owned by the Lower-Tier REMIC; the Companion Distribution Account (including interest, if any, earned on the investment of funds in such account) will be owned by the Companion Holders, as applicable; and the Upper-Tier REMIC Distribution Account (including interest, if any, earned on the investment of funds such account) will be owned by the Upper-Tier REMIC, each for federal income tax purposes.

 

(c)          [Reserved.]

 

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(d)          [Reserved.]

 

(e)          The Certificate Administrator shall establish (upon notice from the Special Servicer of an event occurring that generates Gain-on-Sale Proceeds) and maintain the Gain-on-Sale Reserve Account for the benefit of the Certificateholders. The Gain-on-Sale Reserve Account shall be maintained as an Eligible Account (or as a subaccount of an Eligible Account), separate and apart from trust funds for mortgage pass-through certificates of other series administered by the Certificate Administrator.

 

Upon the disposition of any REO Property, in accordance withSection 3.09 orSection 3.16, the Special Servicer will calculate the Gain-on-Sale Proceeds, if any, realized that are allocable to the Mortgage Loan, as applicable, in connection with such sale and remit such funds to the Certificate Administrator for deposit into the Gain-on-Sale Reserve Account. Any gain on such disposition that is allocable to any related Companion Loan in accordance with the terms of the related Intercreditor Agreement shall be remitted to the Companion Paying Agent for deposit into the Companion Distribution Account.

 

(f)           Any Non-Serviced Gain-on-Sale Proceeds received with respect to any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan pursuant to the related Non-Serviced PSA shall be remitted to the Certificate Administrator for deposit into the Gain-on-Sale Reserve Account.

 

(g)          [Reserved]

 

(h)          [Reserved]

 

(i)           If any Loss of Value Payments are received in connection with a Material Defect pursuant to or as contemplated bySection 3.05(g)of this Agreement, the Special Servicer shall establish and maintain one or more non-interest bearing accounts (collectively, the “Loss of Value Reserve Fund”) to be held for the benefit of the Certificateholders, for purposes of holding such Loss of Value Payments. Each account that constitutes the Loss of Value Reserve Fund shall be an Eligible Account or a sub-account of an Eligible Account. The Special Servicer shall, upon receipt, deposit in the Loss of Value Reserve Fund all Loss of Value Payments received by it. The Certificate Administrator shall, based upon information obtained from the CREFC®reports delivered by the Master Servicer pursuant to the terms hereof, account for the Loss of Value Reserve Fund as an outside reserve fund within the meaning of Treasury Regulations Section 1.860G-2(h) and not an asset of any Trust REMIC. Furthermore, for all federal tax purposes, the Certificate Administrator shall (i) treat amounts paid out of the Loss of Value Reserve Fund through the Collection Account to the Certificateholders as contributed to and distributed by the Trust REMICs and (ii) treat any amounts paid out of the Loss of Value Reserve Fund through the Collection Account to a Mortgage Loan Seller as distributions by the Trust to such Mortgage Loan Seller as beneficial owner of the Loss of Value Reserve Fund. The applicable Mortgage Loan Seller will be the beneficial owner of the Loss of Value Reserve Fund for all federal income tax purposes, and shall be taxable on all income earned thereon.

 

Section 3.05           Permitted Withdrawals from the Collection Account, the Distribution Accounts and the Companion Distribution Account.  (a)  The Master Servicer may, from time to time, make withdrawals from the Collection Account (or the applicable subaccount

 

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of the Collection Account) for any of the following purposes (the following not being an order of priority and without duplication of the same payment or reimbursement):

 

(i)           (A) no later than 4:00 p.m., New York City time, on each P&I Advance Date, to remit to the Certificate Administrator for deposit in the Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account the amounts required to be remitted pursuant to thefirst paragraphofSection 3.04(b) or that may be applied to make P&I Advances pursuant toSection 4.03(a); (B) pursuant to the second paragraph ofSection 3.04(b), to remit to the Companion Paying Agent for deposit in the Companion Distribution Account the amounts required to be so deposited with respect to the Companion Loans; and (C) to remit to the Certificate Administrator for deposit into the Interest Reserve Account any Withheld Amounts collected on the Actual/360 Mortgage Loan for the due dates in January (except during a leap year) and February of any calendar year;

 

(ii)          (A)  to pay itself (or, with respect to any Transferable Servicing Interest, to pay Wells Fargo Bank, National Association if Wells Fargo Bank, National Association is no longer the Master Servicer, any such interest pursuant toSection 3.11(a)) unpaid Servicing Fees in respect of each Mortgage Loan, Companion Loan, Specially Serviced Loan, and REO Loan, as applicable, the Master Servicer’s rights to payment of Servicing Fees pursuant to thisclause (ii)(A) with respect to any Mortgage Loan, related Serviced Companion Loan, Specially Serviced Loan or REO Loan, as applicable, being limited to amounts received on or in respect of such Mortgage Loan or related Serviced Companion Loan (whether in the form of payments, Liquidation Proceeds or Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds) or such REO Loan (whether in the form of REO Revenues, Liquidation Proceeds or Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds), that are allocable as recovery of interest thereon, (B) to pay the Special Servicer any unpaid Special Servicing Fees, Liquidation Fees and Workout Fees in respect of each Specially Serviced Loan or REO Loan or Corrected Loan, as applicable, and any expense incurred by the Special Servicer in connection with performing any inspections pursuant toSection 3.12(a), remaining unpaidfirst, out of related REO Revenues, Liquidation Proceeds, Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds and collections in respect of the related Specially Serviced Loan (provided that, in the case of such payment relating to a Serviced Whole Loan, such payment shall be made, subject to the terms of the related Intercreditor Agreement (i) with respect to a Serviced Pari Passu Whole Loan,pro rata andpari passu, from the related Serviced Pari Passu Mortgage Loan and Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan, in accordance with their outstanding principal balances, or (ii) with respect to an AB Whole Loan,first, from the related AB Subordinate Companion Loan andthen, from the AB Mortgage Loan) andthen out of general collections on the Mortgage Loans and REO Properties, (C) to pay the Operating Advisor (or the Master Servicer, if applicable) any unpaid Operating Advisor Fees or Operating Advisor Consulting Fees in respect of each Mortgage Loan, Specially Serviced Loan or REO Loan (other than any related Companion Loan), as applicable, the Operating Advisor’s right to payment of the Operating Advisor Fee or Operating Advisor Consulting Fee pursuant to thisclause (ii)(C) with respect to any Mortgage Loan, Specially Serviced Loan or REO Loan (other than any related Companion Loan), as applicable, being limited to amounts received on or in respect of such Mortgage Loan (whether in the form of payments, P&I Advances (solely with respect to the Operating Advisor Fee),

 

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Liquidation Proceeds or Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds), such REO Loan (whether in the form of REO Revenues, Liquidation Proceeds or Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds), that are allocable as recovery of interest thereon, and (D) to pay the Asset Representations Reviewer, any unpaid Asset Representations Reviewer Fee and (subject toSection 12.02(b)) Asset Representations Reviewer Asset Review Fee, if any, payable in connection with any Asset Review performed as a result of an Affirmative Asset Review Vote;

 

(iii)         to reimburse the Trustee and itself, as applicable (in that order), for unreimbursed P&I Advances, the Master Servicer’s or the Trustee’s right to reimbursement pursuant to thisclause (iii) being limited to amounts received which represent Late Collections of interest (net of the related Servicing Fee) on and principal of the particular Mortgage Loans and REO Loans with respect to which P&I Advances were made;provided that with respect to each Serviced Whole Loan, reimbursement of P&I Advances shall be made only from amounts collected with respect to the related Serviced Mortgage Loan and not from any amounts collected with respect to any related Serviced Companion Loan (provided that, with respect to any AB Subordinate Companion Loan, the foregoing shall not limit or otherwise modify the terms of the related Intercreditor Agreement pursuant to which any amounts collected with respect to the related Whole Loan are allocated to the related Serviced Mortgage Loan and AB Subordinate Companion Loan) prior to reimbursement from other funds unrelated to such Serviced Whole Loan on deposit in the Collection Account;provided,further, that if such P&I Advance with respect to a Mortgage Loan becomes a Workout-Delayed Reimbursement Amount, then the maker of such P&I Advance shall additionally, but without duplication, thereafter be entitled to reimbursement for such P&I Advance from the portion of general collections and recoveries on or in respect of the Mortgage Loans and REO Properties on deposit in the Collection Account from time to time that represent collections or recoveries of principal to the extent provided inclause (v) below; andprovided,further, that if such Advance becomes a Nonrecoverable Advance, then such Advance shall be reimbursable pursuant toclause (v) below;

 

(iv)         to reimburse the Trustee, the Special Servicer and itself, as applicable (in that order), for unreimbursed Servicing Advances, the Master Servicer’s, the Special Servicer’s or the Trustee’s respective rights to receive payment pursuant to thisclause (iv) with respect to any Mortgage Loan (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) or any related Companion Loan or any REO Property being limited to, as applicable, related payments, Liquidation Proceeds, Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds and REO Revenues (provided that, in the case of such reimbursement relating to a Serviced Whole Loan, such reimbursements shall be made, subject to the terms of the related Intercreditor Agreement (i) with respect to a Serviced Pari Passu Whole Loan,pro rata andpari passu, from the related Serviced Pari Passu Mortgage Loan and Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan in accordance with their outstanding principal balances, or (ii) with respect to an AB Whole Loan,first, from the related AB Subordinate Companion Loan (if any) andthen, from any related AB Mortgage Loan (provided that, with respect to any AB Subordinate Companion Loan, the foregoing shall not limit or otherwise modify the terms of the related Intercreditor Agreement pursuant to which any amounts collected with respect to the related Whole Loan are allocated to the

 

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related Serviced Mortgage Loan and AB Subordinate Companion Loan)), prior to reimbursement from other funds unrelated to such Serviced Whole Loan on deposit in the Collection Account related to any Mortgage Loan);provided,however, that if such Servicing Advance becomes a Workout-Delayed Reimbursement Amount, then the maker of such Servicing Advance shall additionally, but without duplication, thereafter be entitled to reimbursement for such Servicing Advance from the portion of general collections and recoveries on or in respect of the Mortgage Loans and REO Properties on deposit in the Collection Account from time to time that represent collections or recoveries of principal to the extent provided inclause (v) below;provided,further, that if such Advance becomes a Nonrecoverable Advance, then such Advance shall be reimbursable pursuant toclause (v) below;

 

(v)          to reimburse the Trustee, the Special Servicer and itself, as applicable (in that order), (1) for Nonrecoverable Advancesfirst, out of REO Revenues, Liquidation Proceeds and Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds, if any, received on the related Mortgage Loan and any related Companion Loan (with respect to such Companion Loan, only for Nonrecoverable Servicing Advances made with respect thereto),then, out of the principal portion of general collections on the Mortgage Loans and REO Properties,then, to the extent the principal portion of general collections is insufficient and with respect to such excess only, subject to any exercise of the sole option to defer reimbursement thereof pursuant toSection 3.17(c), out of general collections on the Mortgage Loans and REO Properties, (2) for Workout-Delayed Reimbursement Amounts, out of the principal portion of the general collections on the Mortgage Loans and REO Properties net of such amounts being reimbursed pursuant to (1) above; (provided that, in case of such reimbursement of a Nonrecoverable Servicing Advance relating to a Serviced Whole Loan, such reimbursement shall be made, subject to the terms of the related Intercreditor Agreement (i) with respect to a Serviced Pari Passu Whole Loan,pro rata andpari passu, from the related Serviced Pari Passu Mortgage Loan and Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan in accordance with their outstanding principal balances, or (ii) with respect to an AB Whole Loan,first, from the related AB Subordinate Companion Loan (if any) and then from the AB Mortgage Loan andprovided,further, that, in case of such reimbursement with respect to Nonrecoverable Servicing Advances relating to a Serviced Whole Loan, such reimbursement shall be made as described above in thisclause (v)(1) and(v)(2), prior to reimbursement from other funds unrelated to such Serviced Whole Loan on deposit in the Collection Account;provided,further, that with respect to a Serviced Mortgage Loan, reimbursement of Nonrecoverable P&I Advances from funds collected from the related Serviced Whole Loan shall be made only from amounts collected with respect to such Serviced Mortgage Loan (and not from any amounts collected with respect to the related Serviced Companion Loan), in accordance with the terms of the related Intercreditor Agreement (provided that, with respect to any Serviced Companion Loan, the foregoing with respect to Nonrecoverable Servicing Advances and Nonrecoverable P&I Advances shall not limit or otherwise modify the terms of the related Intercreditor Agreement pursuant to which any amounts collected with respect to the related Whole Loan are allocated to the related Serviced Mortgage Loan and AB Subordinate Companion Loan), prior to reimbursement from other funds unrelated to such Serviced Whole Loan on deposit in the Collection Account related to any Mortgage Loan) or (3) to pay itself, with respect to any Mortgage Loan, any related Companion

 

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Loan, if applicable, or REO Property any related earned Servicing Fee that remained unpaid in accordance withclause (ii) above following a Final Recovery Determination made with respect to such Mortgage Loan or REO Property and the deposit into the Collection Account of all amounts received in connection therewith;

 

(vi)         at such time as it reimburses the Trustee and itself, as applicable (in that order), or any Other Trustee or Other Servicer for a related securitization trust in respect of any Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan for (a) any unreimbursed P&I Advance (including any such P&I Advance that constitutes a Workout-Delayed Reimbursement Amount) pursuant toclause(iii) orclause(v) above, to pay itself and/or the Trustee or such other servicing party, as applicable, any interest accrued and payable thereon in accordance withSections 4.03(d) and3.11(d), (b) any unreimbursed Servicing Advances (including any such Servicing Advance that constitutes a Workout-Delayed Reimbursement Amount) pursuant toclause (iv)orclause (v) above, to pay itself, the Special Servicer or the Trustee, or Other Trustee or Other Servicer as the case may be, any interest accrued and payable thereon in accordance withSection 3.03(d) and3.11(d) or (c) any Nonrecoverable Advances pursuant toclause (v) above, to pay itself, the Special Servicer or the Trustee, or Other Trustee or Other Servicer as the case may be, any interest accrued and payable thereon;provided that in all events, subject to the related Intercreditor Agreement, interest on P&I Advances on any Serviced Mortgage Loan shall not be paid from funds actually distributable to any related Serviced Companion Loan (provided that, with respect to any AB Subordinate Companion Loan, the foregoing shall not limit or otherwise modify the terms of the related Intercreditor Agreement pursuant to which any amounts collected with respect to the related Whole Loan are allocated to the related Serviced Mortgage Loan and AB Subordinate Companion Loan);

 

(vii)        to reimburse itself, the Special Servicer or the Trustee, as the case may be, for any unreimbursed expenses reasonably incurred by such Person in respect of any Material Defect giving rise to a repurchase or substitution obligation of the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller or any other obligation of the Mortgage Loan Seller under Section 6 of the applicable Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement, including, without limitation, any expenses arising out of the enforcement of the repurchase or substitution obligation or any other obligation of the Mortgage Loan Seller, each such Person’s right to reimbursement pursuant to thisclause (vii)with respect to any Mortgage Loan being limited to that portion of the Purchase Price, the Loss of Value Payment or Substitution Shortfall Amount paid by the related Mortgage Loan Seller with respect to such Mortgage Loan or amounts paid by the related Mortgage Loan Seller as a result of mediation or arbitration proceedings contemplated inSection 2.03 with respect to such Mortgage Loan that, in each case, represents such expense in accordance withclause (iv) of the definition of Purchase Price;

 

(viii)       in accordance withSection 2.03(f), to reimburse itself or the Special Servicer, as the case may be,first, out of Liquidation Proceeds, Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds, if any, with respect to the related Mortgage Loan or REO Loan, andthen out of general collections on the Mortgage Loans and REO Properties, for any unreimbursed expense reasonably incurred by such Person in connection with the

 

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enforcement of the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller’s obligations under Section 6 of the applicable Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement, but only to the extent that such expenses are not reimbursable pursuant toclause (vii) above or otherwise;provided that, in case of such reimbursement out of Liquidation Proceeds, and Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds described above relating to a Serviced Whole Loan, such reimbursement shall be made, subject to the terms of the related Intercreditor Agreement (i) with respect to a Serviced Pari Passu Whole Loan,pro rata andpari passu, from the related Serviced Pari Passu Mortgage Loan and Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan in accordance with their outstanding principal balances or (ii) with respect to an AB Whole Loan,first, from the related AB Subordinate Companion Loan (if any) andthen, from any related AB Mortgage Loan (provided that, with respect to any AB Subordinate Companion Loan, the foregoing shall not limit or otherwise modify the terms of the related Intercreditor Agreement pursuant to which any amounts collected with respect to the related Whole Loan are allocated to the related Serviced Mortgage Loan and AB Subordinate Companion Loan), in each case, prior to being payable out of general collections with respect to the Mortgage Loans;

 

(ix)         to pay for costs and expenses incurred by the Trust pursuant toSection 3.09(c)first, out of REO Revenues, Liquidation Proceeds, Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds with respect to the related Mortgage Loan, Serviced Companion Loan or REO Loan andthen out of general collections on the Mortgage Loans and REO Properties;provided that, in case of such reimbursement relating to a Serviced Whole Loan, such reimbursement shall be made, subject to the terms of the related Intercreditor Agreement (i) with respect to a Serviced Pari Passu Whole Loan,pro rata andpari passu, from the related Serviced Pari Passu Mortgage Loan and Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan in accordance with their outstanding principal balances or (ii) with respect to an AB Whole Loan,first, from the related AB Subordinate Companion Loan (if any) andthen, from any related AB Mortgage Loan (provided that, with respect to any AB Subordinate Companion Loan, the foregoing shall not limit or otherwise modify the terms of the related Intercreditor Agreement pursuant to which any amounts collected with respect to the related Whole Loan are allocated to the related Serviced Mortgage Loan and AB Subordinate Companion Loan), in each case, prior to being payable out of general collections with respect to the Mortgage Loan;

 

(x)          to pay itself, as additional servicing compensation in accordance withSection 3.11(a), (a) (1) interest and investment income earned in respect of amounts relating to the Trust Fund held in the Collection Account and the Companion Distribution Account as provided inSection 3.06(b) (but only to the extent of the Net Investment Earnings with respect to the Collection Account and the Companion Distribution Account for the period from and including the prior Distribution Date to and including the P&I Advance Date related to such Distribution Date) and (2) Penalty Charges (other than Penalty Charges collected while the related Mortgage Loan and any related Serviced Companion Loan is a Specially Serviced Loan), but only to the extent collected from the related Mortgagor and to the extent that all amounts then due and payable with respect to the related Mortgage Loan and any related Serviced Companion Loan have been paid and such Penalty Charges are not needed to pay interest on Advances or costs and expenses incurred by the Trust (other than Special Servicing Fees, Liquidation Fees and Workout

 

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Fees) in accordance withSection 3.11(d); and (b) to pay the Special Servicer, as additional servicing compensation in accordance withSection 3.11(c), Penalty Charges collected on Specially Serviced Loans (but only to the extent collected from the related Mortgagor and to the extent that all amounts then due and payable with respect to the related Specially Serviced Loan have been paid and such Penalty Charges are not needed to pay interest on Advances or costs and expenses incurred by the Trust (other than Special Servicing Fees, Liquidation Fees and Workout Fees) in accordance withSection 3.11(d));

 

(xi)         to recoup any amounts deposited in the Collection Account in error;

 

(xii)        to pay itself, the Special Servicer, the Depositor, the Operating Advisor, the Asset Representations Reviewer or any of their respective directors, officers, members, managers, employees and agents, or CREFC®, as the case may be, out of general collections, any amounts payable to any such Person pursuant toSection 3.11(g),Section 6.04(a) orSection 6.04(b);provided that, in case of such reimbursement (other than a reimbursement of any amounts payable to CREFC®) relating to a Serviced Whole Loan, such reimbursement shall be made, subject to the terms of the related Intercreditor Agreement (i) with respect to a Serviced Pari Passu Whole Loan,pro rata andpari passu, from the related Serviced Pari Passu Mortgage Loan and Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan in accordance with their outstanding principal balances or (ii) with respect to an AB Whole Loan,first, from the related AB Subordinate Companion Loan (if any) andthen, from any related AB Mortgage Loan (provided that, with respect to any AB Subordinate Companion Loan, the foregoing shall not limit or otherwise modify the terms of the related Intercreditor Agreement pursuant to which any amounts collected with respect to the related Whole Loan are allocated to the related Serviced Mortgage Loan and AB Subordinate Companion Loan), in each case, prior to being payable out of general collections with respect to the Mortgage Loans;

 

(xiii)       to pay for (a) the cost of the Opinions of Counsel contemplated bySections 3.09(b),3.14(a),3.15(b),3.18(b),3.18(d),3.18(i) and10.01(f) to the extent payable out of the Trust Fund, (b) the cost of any Opinion of Counsel contemplated bySections 13.01(a) orSection 13.01(c) in connection with an amendment to this Agreement requested by the Trustee or the Master Servicer, which amendment is in furtherance of the rights and interests of Certificateholders and (c) the cost of obtaining the REO Extension contemplated bySection 3.14(a);provided that, in case of such reimbursement relating to a Serviced Whole Loan, such reimbursement shall be made, subject to the terms of the related Intercreditor Agreement (i) with respect to the related Serviced Pari Passu Whole Loan,pro rataandpari passu, from the related Serviced Pari Passu Mortgage Loan and Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan in accordance with their outstanding principal balances or (ii) with respect to an AB Whole Loan,first, from the related AB Subordinate Companion Loan (if any) andthen, from any related AB Mortgage Loan (provided that, with respect to any AB Subordinate Companion Loan, the foregoing shall not limit or otherwise modify the terms of the related Intercreditor Agreement pursuant to which any amounts collected with respect to the related Whole Loan are allocated to the related Serviced Mortgage Loan and AB Subordinate

 

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Companion Loan), in each case, prior to being payable out of general collections with respect to the Mortgage Loans;

 

(xiv)       to pay out of general collections on the Mortgage Loans and the REO Properties any and all federal, state and local taxes imposed on any Trust REMIC, or any of their assets or transactions, together with all incidental costs and expenses, to the extent that none of the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Certificate Administrator or the Trustee is liable therefor pursuant toSection 10.01(g);

 

(xv)        to reimburse the Certificate Administrator out of general collections on the Mortgage Loans and REO Properties for expenses incurred by and reimbursable to it by the Trust pursuant toSection 10.01(c);

 

(xvi)       to pay the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller or any other Person, with respect to each Mortgage Loan, if any (, previously purchased by such Person pursuant to this Agreement, all amounts received thereon subsequent to the date of purchase relating to periods after the date of purchase; or, in the case of the substitution for a Mortgage Loan by a Mortgage Loan Seller as contemplated bySection 2.03(b), to pay such Mortgage Loan Seller with respect to the replaced Mortgage Loan all amounts received thereon subsequent to the date of substitution, and with respect to the related Qualified Substitute Mortgage Loan(s), all Periodic Payments due thereon during or prior to the month of substitution, in accordance withSection 2.03(b);

 

(xvii)      to remit to the Certificate Administrator for deposit in the Interest Reserve Account the amounts required to be deposited in the Interest Reserve Account pursuant toSection 3.21;

 

(xviii)     to reimburse the Operating Advisor for any Operating Advisor Expenses incurred by and reimbursable to it by the Trust pursuant toSection 3.26(i);

 

(xix)       to reimburse the Asset Representations Reviewer for any reasonable out-of-pocket costs and expenses reimbursable to it by the Trust pursuant toSection 12.02(b);

 

(xx)        to remit to the Companion Paying Agent for deposit into the Companion Distribution Account the amounts required to be deposited pursuant toSection 3.04(b) without duplication of amounts remitted to the Companion Paying Agent pursuant to clause (i) above;

 

(xxi)       to clear and terminate the Collection Account at the termination of this Agreement pursuant toSection 9.01; and

 

(xxii)      to pay for any expenditures to be borne by the Trust pursuant to the third paragraph ofSection 3.03(c).

 

The Master Servicer shall also be entitled to make withdrawals from time to time, from the Collection Account of amounts necessary for the payments or reimbursement of amounts required to be paid to the applicable Non-Serviced Master Servicer, the applicable Non-Serviced Special Servicer, the applicable Non-Serviced Trustee, the applicable

 

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Non-Serviced Paying Agent or any other applicable party to the applicable Non-Serviced PSA by the holder of a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan pursuant to the applicable Non-Serviced Intercreditor Agreement and the applicable Non-Serviced PSA.

 

The Master Servicer shall keep and maintain separate accounting records, on a loan-by-loan and property by property basis when appropriate, for the purpose of justifying any withdrawal from the Collection Account.

 

The Master Servicer shall pay to the Special Servicer, the Trustee or the Certificate Administrator from the Collection Account amounts permitted to be paid to it therefrom monthly upon receipt of a certificate of a Servicing Officer of the Special Servicer or a Responsible Officer of the Trustee or the Certificate Administrator describing the item and amount to which the Special Servicer, the Trustee or the Certificate Administrator is entitled. The Master Servicer may rely conclusively on any such certificate and shall have no duty to re-calculate the amounts stated therein. The Special Servicer shall keep and maintain separate accounting for each Specially Serviced Loan and REO Loan, on a loan-by-loan and property-by-property basis, for the purpose of justifying any request for withdrawal from the Collection Account.

 

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in thisSection 3.05 or elsewhere in this Agreement, no amounts payable or reimbursable to the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator or the Operating Advisor out of general collections that do not specifically relate to a Serviced Whole Loan may be reimbursable from amounts that would otherwise be payable to the related Companion Loan.

 

(b)          The Certificate Administrator may, from time to time, make withdrawals from the Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account for any of the following purposes (the following not being an order of priority):

 

(i)           to be deemed to make deposits of the Lower-Tier Distribution Amount pursuant toSection 4.01(c) and the amount of any Yield Maintenance Charges distributable pursuant toSection 4.01(e) in the Upper-Tier REMIC Distribution Account, and to make distributions on the Class R Certificates in respect of the Class LR Interest pursuant toSection 4.01(c);

 

(ii)          to pay to the Trustee and the Certificate Administrator or any of their directors, officers, employees and agents, as the case may be, any amounts payable or reimbursable to any such Person with respect to the Mortgage Loans pursuant toSection 8.05(b);

 

(iii)         to pay the Certificate Administrator and the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator/Trustee Fee, as contemplated bySection 8.05(a)hereof with respect to the Mortgage Loans;

 

(iv)         to pay for the cost (without duplication) of the Opinions of Counsel sought by (A) the Trustee or the Certificate Administrator as provided inclause (vi) of the definition of “Disqualified Organization,” (B) the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer as contemplated bySection 3.18(d), (C) the

 

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Trustee or the Certificate Administrator as contemplated bySection 5.08(c) orSection 8.02(ii) to the extent payable out of the Trust Fund, (D) the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer as contemplated bySection 10.01(f) orSection 10.01(l) to the extent payable out of the Trust Fund, or (E) the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer as contemplated bySection 13.01(a) orSection 13.01(c) in connection with any amendment to this Agreement requested by the Trustee or the Certificate Administrator, which amendment is in furtherance of the rights and interests of Certificateholders, in each case, to the extent not paid pursuant toSection 13.01(g);

 

(v)          to pay any and all federal, state and local taxes imposed on the Lower-Tier REMIC or the Upper-Tier REMIC or on the assets or transactions of any such REMIC, together with all incidental costs and expenses, to the extent none of the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the REMIC Administrator, the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer is liable therefor pursuant toSection 10.01(g);

 

(vi)         to pay the REMIC Administrator any amounts reimbursable to it pursuant toSection 10.01(c) with respect to the Lower-Tier REMIC or the Upper-Tier REMIC;

 

(vii)        to pay to the Master Servicer any amounts deposited by the Master Servicer in the Distribution Accounts not required to be deposited therein; and

 

(viii)       to clear and terminate the Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account at the termination of this Agreement pursuant toSection 9.01.

 

(c)          [Reserved]

 

(d)          The Certificate Administrator shall make, or be deemed to make, withdrawals from the Upper-Tier REMIC Distribution Account for any of the following purposes:

 

(i)           to make distributions to the Holders of the Regular Certificates (and to the Holders of the Class R Certificates in respect of the Class UR Interest) on each Distribution Date pursuant toSection 4.01 orSection 9.01, as applicable; and

 

(ii)          to clear and terminate the Upper-Tier REMIC Distribution Account at the termination of this Agreement pursuant toSection 9.01.

 

(e)          [Reserved]

 

(f)           Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, with respect to any Mortgage Loan, (i) if amounts on deposit in the Collection Account and the Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account are not sufficient to pay the full amount of the Servicing Fee listed inSection 3.05(a)(ii), the Operating Advisor Fee listed inSection 3.05(a)(ii) and the Certificate Administrator/Trustee Fee listed inSection 3.05(b)(ii) and(b)(iii), then the Certificate Administrator/Trustee Fee shall be paid in full prior to the payment of any Servicing Fees payable underSection 3.05(a)(ii) and then, after payment of Servicing Fees, the Operating Advisor Fees payable underSection 3.05(a)(ii) and in the event that amounts on deposit in the

 

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Collection Account and the Lower-Tier REMIC Distribution Account are not sufficient to pay the full amount of such Certificate Administrator/Trustee Fee, the Certificate Administrator shall be paid based on the amount of such fees and (ii) if amounts on deposit in the Collection Account are not sufficient to reimburse the full amount of Advances and interest thereon listed inSections 3.05(a)(iii),(a)(iv),(a)(v) and(a)(vi), then reimbursements shall be paidfirst to the Certificate Administrator and to the Trustee,pro rata,second to the Special Servicer,thirdto the Master Servicer andthen to the Operating Advisor.

 

(g)          If any Loss of Value Payments are deposited into the Loss of Value Reserve Fund with respect to any Mortgage Loan or any related Serviced REO Property, then the Special Servicer shall, promptly upon written direction from the Master Servicer (provided that, (1) with respect to clause (iv) below, the Special Servicer shall have provided notice to the Master Servicer of the occurrence of the applicable Liquidation Event and (2) with respect to clause (v) below, the Certificate Administrator shall have provided the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer with five Business Days’ prior notice of such final Distribution Date), transfer such Loss of Value Payments (up to the remaining portion thereof) from the Loss of Value Reserve Fund to the Master Servicer for deposit into the Collection Account for the following purposes:

 

(i)           to reimburse the Master Servicer or the Trustee, in accordance withSection 3.05(a) of this Agreement, for any Nonrecoverable Advance made by such party with respect to such Mortgage Loan or any related Serviced REO Property (together with any interest on such Advances);

 

(ii)          to pay, in accordance withSection 3.05(a) of this Agreement, or to reimburse the Trust for the prior payment of, any expense or Liquidation Fee relating to such Mortgage Loan or any related Serviced REO Property that constitutes or, if not paid out of such Loss of Value Payments, would constitute an additional expense of the Trust;

 

(iii)         to offset any portion of Realized Losses that are attributable to such Mortgage Loan or related REO Property, as the case may be (as calculated without regard to the application of such Loss of Value Payments), incurred with respect to such Mortgage Loan or any related successor REO Loan;

 

(iv)         following the occurrence of a Liquidation Event with respect to such Mortgage Loan or any related Serviced REO Property and any related transfers from the Loss of Value Reserve Fund with respect to the items contemplated by the immediately precedingclauses (i)-(iii) as to such Mortgage Loan, to cover the items contemplated by the immediately precedingclauses (i)-(iii) in respect of any other Mortgage Loan or Serviced REO Loan; and

 

(v)          On the final Distribution Date after all distributions have been made as set forth inclauses (i) through (iv) above, to each Mortgage Loan Seller, itspro rata share, based on the amount that it contributed, net of any amount contributed by such Mortgage Loan Seller that was used pursuant toclauses (i)-(iii) to offset any portion of Realized Losses that are attributable to such Mortgage Loan or related REO Property, as the case

 

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may be, additional Trust Fund expenses or any Nonrecoverable Advances incurred with respect to the Mortgage Loan related to such contribution.

 

(h)          Any Loss of Value Payments transferred to the Collection Account pursuant toclauses (g)(i)-(g)(iii) of the prior paragraph shall be treated as Liquidation Proceeds received by the Trust in respect of the related Mortgage Loan or any successor REO Mortgage Loan with respect thereto for which such Loss of Value Payments were received; and any Loss of Value Payments transferred to the Collection Account pursuant toclause (g)(iv) of the prior paragraph shall be treated as Liquidation Proceeds received by the Trust in respect of the related Mortgage Loan or REO Mortgage Loan for which such Loss of Value Payments are being transferred to the Collection Account to cover an item contemplated byclauses (g)(i)-(g)(iv) of the prior paragraph.

 

(i)           The Companion Paying Agent may, from time to time, make withdrawals from the Companion Distribution Account to make distributions pursuant toSection 4.01(k).

 

Section 3.06           Investment of Funds in the Collection Account and the REO Account.  (a)  The Master Servicer (or, in the case of a Servicing Account maintained by or for it, the Special Servicer) may direct any depository institution maintaining the Collection Account, the Companion Distribution Account, or any Servicing Account (for purposes of thisSection 3.06, an “Investment Account”), the Special Servicer may direct any depository institution maintaining the REO Account or Loss of Value Reserve Fund (also for purposes of thisSection 3.06, an “Investment Account”) to invest or if it is such depository institution, may itself invest, the funds held therein, only in one or more Permitted Investments bearing interest or sold at a discount, and maturing, unless payable on demand, (i) no later than the Business Day immediately preceding the next succeeding date on which funds are required to be withdrawn from such account pursuant to this Agreement, if a Person other than the depository institution maintaining such account is the obligor thereon and (ii) no later than the date on which funds are required to be withdrawn from such account pursuant to this Agreement, if the depository institution maintaining such account is the obligor thereon. All such Permitted Investments shall be held to maturity, unless payable on demand. Any funds held in an Investment Account shall be held in the name of the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, on behalf of the Trustee (in its capacity as such) for the benefit of the Certificateholders. The Master Servicer (in the case of the Collection Account, the Companion Distribution Account or any Servicing Account maintained by or for the Master Servicer), the Special Servicer (in the case of the REO Account, Loss of Value Reserve Fund or any Servicing Account maintained by or for the Special Servicer) on behalf of the Trustee, shall maintain continuous physical possession of any Permitted Investment of amounts in the Collection Account, the Companion Distribution Account, the Servicing Accounts, Loss of Value Reserve Fund or REO Account, as applicable, that is either (i) a “certificated security,” as such term is defined in the UCC (such that the Trustee shall have control pursuant to Section 8-106 of the UCC) or (ii) other property in which a secured party may perfect its security interest by physical possession under the UCC or any other applicable law. In the case of any Permitted Investment held in the form of a “security entitlement” (within the meaning of Section 8-102(a)(17) of the UCC), the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, shall take or cause to be taken such action as the Trustee deems reasonably necessary to cause the Trustee to have control over such security entitlement. In the event amounts on deposit in an Investment Account are at any time invested in a Permitted

 

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Investment payable on demand, the Master Servicer (in the case of the Collection Account, the Companion Distribution Account or any Servicing Account maintained by or for the Master Servicer) or the Special Servicer (in the case of the REO Account or any Servicing Account maintained by or for the Special Servicer) shall:

 

(i)           consistent with any notice required to be given thereunder, demand that payment thereon be made on the last day such Permitted Investment may otherwise mature hereunder in an amount equal to the lesser of (a) all amounts then payable thereunder and (b) the amount required to be withdrawn on such date; and

 

(ii)          demand payment of all amounts due thereunder promptly upon determination by the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Certificate Administrator or the Trustee, as the case may be, that such Permitted Investment would not constitute a Permitted Investment in respect of funds thereafter on deposit in the Investment Account.

 

(b)          Interest and investment income realized on funds deposited in the Collection Account, the Companion Distribution Account or any Servicing Account maintained by or for the Master Servicer to the extent of the Net Investment Earnings, if any, with respect to such account for the period from and including the prior Distribution Date to and including the P&I Advance Date related to the current Distribution Date, shall be for the sole and exclusive benefit of the Master Servicer to the extent (with respect to Servicing Accounts) not required to be paid to the related Mortgagor and shall be subject to its withdrawal, or withdrawal at its direction, in accordance withSection 3.03 orSection 3.05(a), as the case may be. Interest and investment income realized on funds deposited in the REO Account, Loss of Value Reserve Fund or any Servicing Account maintained by or for the Special Servicer, to the extent of the Net Investment Earnings, if any, with respect to such account for each period from and including any Distribution Date to and including the immediately succeeding P&I Advance Date, shall be for the sole and exclusive benefit of the Special Servicer and shall be subject to its withdrawal in accordance withSection 3.14(c). In the event that any loss shall be incurred in respect of any Permitted Investment (as to which the Master Servicer or Special Servicer, as applicable, would have been entitled to any Net Investment Earnings hereunder) directed to be made by the Master Servicer or Special Servicer, as applicable, and on deposit in any of the Collection Account, the Companion Distribution Account, the Servicing Account, Loss of Value Reserve Fund or the REO Account, the Master Servicer (in the case of the Collection Account, the Companion Distribution Account or any Servicing Account maintained by or for the Master Servicer), the Special Servicer (in the case of the REO Account, Loss of Value Reserve Fund or any Servicing Account maintained by or for the Special Servicer) shall deposit therein, no later than the P&I Advance Date, without right of reimbursement, the amount of Net Investment Loss, if any, with respect to such account for the period from and including the prior Distribution Date to and including the P&I Advance Date related to the current Distribution Date;provided that neither the Master Servicer nor the Special Servicer shall be required to deposit any loss on an investment of funds in an Investment Account if such loss is incurred solely as a result of the insolvency of the federal or state chartered depository institution or trust company that holds such Investment Account, so long as such depository institution or trust company satisfied the qualifications set forth in the definition of Eligible Account at the time such investment was made (and, with respect to the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, such federal or state chartered depository institution or trust company is not an Affiliate of the Master Servicer or the

 

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Special Servicer, as applicable, unless such depository institution or trust company satisfied the qualification set forth in the definition of Eligible Account both (x) at the time the investment was made and (y) thirty (30) days prior to such insolvency).

 

(c)          Except as otherwise expressly provided in this Agreement, if any default occurs in the making of a payment due under any Permitted Investment, or if a default occurs in any other performance required under any Permitted Investment, the Master Servicer may and, upon the request of Holders of Certificates entitled to a majority of the Voting Rights allocated to any Class shall, take such action as may be appropriate to enforce such payment or performance, including the institution and prosecution of appropriate proceedings.

 

Section 3.07           Maintenance of Insurance Policies; Errors and Omissions and Fidelity Coverage.  (a)  To the extent permitted by the related Mortgage Loan documents and required by the Servicing Standard, the Master Servicer (with respect to the Mortgage Loans (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) and any related Serviced Companion Loan) shall use efforts consistent with the Servicing Standard to cause the Mortgagor to maintain (other than with respect to a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan), and the Special Servicer (with respect to REO Properties other than any Non-Serviced Mortgaged Properties) shall maintain all insurance coverage as is required under the related Mortgage Loan documents except to the extent that the failure of the related Mortgagor to do so is an Acceptable Insurance Default (and except as provided in the next sentence with respect to the Master Servicer or Special Servicer, as applicable). If the Mortgagor does not so maintain such insurance coverage, subject to its recoverability determination with respect to any required Servicing Advance, the Master Servicer (with respect to the Mortgage Loans (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) and any related Serviced Companion Loan) or the Special Servicer (with respect to REO Properties other than a Non-Serviced Mortgaged Property) shall maintain all insurance coverage as is required under, and such insurance coverage is to be obtained from an insurer meeting the requirements under, the related Mortgage Loan documents, but only in the event the Trustee has an insurable interest therein and such insurance is available to the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer and, if available, can be obtained at commercially reasonable rates, as determined, in accordance with the Servicing Standard (and (i) prior to the occurrence and continuance of any Control Termination Event and (ii) other than with respect to any Excluded Loan, any determination that such insurance coverage is not available or not available at commercially reasonable rates to be made with the consent of the Directing Certificateholder) by the Master Servicer (with respect to the Mortgage Loans (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) and any related Serviced Companion Loan) or the Special Servicer (with respect to REO Properties other than any Non-Serviced Mortgaged Property) except to the extent that the failure of the related Mortgagor to do so is an Acceptable Insurance Default as determined by the Special Servicer ((i) prior to the occurrence and continuance of any Control Termination Event and (ii) other than with respect to any Excluded Loan, with the consent of the Directing Certificateholder);provided,however, that if any Mortgage permits the holder thereof to dictate to the Mortgagor the insurance coverage to be maintained on such Mortgaged Property, the Master Servicer or, with respect to an REO Property, the Special Servicer, shall impose or maintain, as applicable, such insurance requirements as are consistent with the Servicing Standard taking into account the insurance in place at the closing of the Mortgage Loan,provided that if any Mortgage Loan documents permit the holder thereof to dictate to the Mortgagor the insurance coverage to be maintained on such Mortgaged Property, the Master Servicer or, with respect to a REO Property, the Special

 

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Servicer will impose or maintain such insurance requirements as are consistent with the Servicing Standard taking into account the insurance in place at the origination of the Mortgage Loan;provided, further, that, with respect to the immediately preceding proviso, the Master Servicer will be obligated to use efforts consistent with the Servicing Standard to cause the Mortgagor to maintain (or to itself maintain) insurance against property damage resulting from terrorist or similar acts unless the Mortgagor’s failure is an Acceptable Insurance Default (as determined by the Special Servicer with ((i) unless a Control Termination Event has occurred and is continuing and (ii) other than with respect to any Excluded Loan) the consent of the Directing Certificateholder) and only in the event the Trustee has an insurable interest therein and such insurance is available to the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, and, if available, can be obtained at commercially reasonable rates. The Master Servicer and Special Servicer shall be entitled to rely on insurance consultants (at the applicable servicer’s expense) in determining whether any insurance is available at commercially reasonable rates. Subject toSection 3.15(a) and the costs of such insurance being reimbursed or paid to the Special Servicer as provided in the third-to-last sentence of this paragraph, the Special Servicer shall maintain (except to the extent that the failure to maintain such insurance coverage is an Acceptable Insurance Default) for each REO Property (other than any Non-Serviced Mortgaged Property) no less insurance coverage than was previously required of the Mortgagor under the related Mortgage Loan documents unless the Special Servicer determines ((i) prior to the occurrence and continuance of a Control Termination Event and (ii) other than with respect to any Excluded Loan, with the consent of the Directing Certificateholder) that such insurance is not available at commercially reasonable rates or that the Trustee does not have an insurable interest, in which case the Master Servicer shall be entitled to conclusively rely on the Special Servicer’s determination. All Insurance Policies maintained by the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer shall (i) contain a “standard” mortgagee clause, with loss payable to the Master Servicer on behalf of the Trustee (in the case of insurance maintained in respect of Mortgage Loans (other than any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan), including any related Serviced Companion Loan, other than REO Properties) or to the Special Servicer on behalf of the Trustee (in the case of insurance maintained in respect of REO Properties), (ii) be in the name of the Trustee (in the case of insurance maintained in respect of REO Properties), (iii) include coverage in an amount not less than the lesser of (x) the full replacement cost of the improvements securing Mortgaged Property or the REO Property, as applicable, and (y) the outstanding principal balance owing on the related Mortgage Loan (including any related Serviced Companion Loan) or REO Loan, as applicable, and in any event, the amount necessary to avoid the operation of any co-insurance provisions, (iv) include a replacement cost endorsement providing no deduction for depreciation (unless such endorsement is not permitted under the related Mortgage Loan documents), (v) be noncancelable without thirty (30) days prior written notice to the insured party (except in the case of nonpayment, in which case such policy shall not be cancelled without ten (10) days prior notice) and (vi) subject to the first proviso in the second sentence of thisSection 3.07(a), be issued by a Qualified Insurer authorized under applicable law to issue such Insurance Policies. Any amounts collected by the Master Servicer or Special Servicer under any such Insurance Policies (other than amounts to be applied to the restoration or repair of the related Mortgaged Property or REO Property or amounts to be released to the related Mortgagor, in each case in accordance with the Servicing Standard and the provisions of the related Mortgage Loan documents) shall be deposited in the Collection Account, subject to withdrawal pursuant toSection 3.05(a). Any costs incurred by the Master Servicer in maintaining any such Insurance

 

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Policies in respect of Mortgage Loans (including any related Serviced Companion Loan) (other than REO Properties and other than any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) (i) if the Mortgagor defaults on its obligation to do so, shall be advanced by the Master Servicer as a Servicing Advance (so long as such Advance would not be a Nonrecoverable Advance and if such Advance would be a Nonrecoverable Advance then such cost shall instead be paid out of the Collection Account) and will be charged to the related Mortgagor and (ii) shall not, for purposes of calculating monthly distributions to Certificateholders, be added to the unpaid principal balance of the related Mortgage Loan and Serviced Companion Loan (if any), notwithstanding that the terms of such Mortgage Loan or Serviced Companion Loan so permit. Any cost incurred by the Special Servicer in maintaining any such Insurance Policies with respect to REO Properties shall be an expense of the Trust payable out of the related REO Account pursuant toSection 3.14(c) or, if the amount on deposit therein is insufficient therefor, advanced by the Master Servicer as a Servicing Advance (so long as such Advance would not be a Nonrecoverable Advance and if such Advance would be a Nonrecoverable Advance then such cost shall instead be paid out of the Collection Account). The foregoing provisions of thisSection 3.07 shall apply to any Serviced Whole Loan as if it were a single “Mortgage Loan”. Notwithstanding any provision to the contrary, the Master Servicer will not be required to maintain, and will not be in default for failing to obtain, any earthquake or environmental insurance on any Mortgaged Property unless such insurance was required at the time of origination of the related Mortgage Loan and is currently available at commercially reasonable rates.

 

Notwithstanding the foregoing, with respect to the Mortgage Loans (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) and any related Serviced Companion Loan that either (x) require the Mortgagor to maintain “all risk” property insurance (and do not expressly permit an exclusion for terrorism) or (y) contain provisions generally requiring the applicable Mortgagor to maintain insurance in types and against such risks as the holder of such Mortgage Loan (including any related Serviced Companion Loan) reasonably requires from time to time in order to protect its interests, the Master Servicer will be required to, consistent with the Servicing Standard, (A) monitor in accordance with the Servicing Standard whether the insurance policies for the related Mortgaged Property contain Additional Exclusions (provided that the Master Servicer will be entitled to conclusively rely upon the certificates of insurance in determining whether such policies contain Additional Exclusions), (B) request the Mortgagor to either purchase insurance against the risks specified in the Additional Exclusions or provide an explanation as to its reasons for failing to purchase such insurance and (C) notify the Special Servicer if it has knowledge that any insurance policy contains Additional Exclusions or if it has knowledge (such knowledge to be based upon the Master Servicer’s compliance with the immediately precedingclauses (A) and(B) above) that any Mortgagor fails to purchase the insurance requested to be purchased by the Master Servicer pursuant toclause (B) above. If the Special Servicer determines in accordance with the Servicing Standard that such failure is not an Acceptable Insurance Default, the Special Servicer shall notify the Master Servicer and the Master Servicer shall use efforts consistent with the Servicing Standard to cause such insurance to be maintained. The Special Servicer (at the expense of the Trust) shall be entitled to rely on insurance consultants in making such determinations. The Master Servicer shall be entitled to rely on insurance consultants (at the expense of such Master Servicer) in determining whether Additional Exclusions exist. Furthermore, the Special Servicer shall promptly deliver such conclusions in writing to the 17g-5 Information Provider for posting to the 17g-5 Information

 

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Provider’s Website for those Mortgage Loans that (i) have one of the ten (10) highest outstanding Stated Principal Balances of all of the Mortgage Loans then included in the Trust or (ii) comprise more than 5% of the outstanding Stated Principal Balance of the Mortgage Loans then included in the Trust. During the period that the Special Servicer is evaluating the availability of such insurance or waiting for a response from the Directing Certificateholder, neither the Master Servicer nor the Special Servicer will be liable for any loss related to its failure to require the Mortgagor to maintain such insurance and will not be in default of its obligations as a result of such failure unless the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer is required to take any immediate action pursuant to the Servicing Standard or other servicing requirements of this Agreement and the Master Servicer will not itself maintain such insurance or cause such insurance to be maintained.

 

(b)          (i)  If the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer shall obtain and maintain a blanket Insurance Policy with a Qualified Insurer insuring against fire and hazard losses on all of the Mortgage Loans (including any related Serviced Companion Loan, but excluding any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) or REO Properties (other than with respect to a Non-Serviced Mortgaged Property), as the case may be, required to be serviced and administered hereunder, then, to the extent such Insurance Policy provides protection equivalent to the individual policies otherwise required, the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer shall conclusively be deemed to have satisfied its obligation to cause fire and hazard insurance to be maintained on the related Mortgaged Properties or REO Properties. Such Insurance Policy may contain a deductible clause, in which case the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer shall, if there shall not have been maintained on the related Mortgaged Property or REO Property a fire and hazard Insurance Policy complying with the requirements ofSection 3.07(a), and there shall have been one or more losses which would have been covered by such Insurance Policy, promptly deposit into the Collection Account from its own funds the amount of such loss or losses that would have been covered under the individual policy but are not covered under the blanket Insurance Policy because of such deductible clause to the extent that any such deductible exceeds the deductible limitation that pertained to the related Mortgage Loan (including any related Serviced Companion Loan), or in the absence of such deductible limitation, the deductible limitation which is consistent with the Servicing Standard. In connection with its activities as administrator and Master Servicer of the Mortgage Loans or any Serviced Companion Loans, the Master Servicer agrees to prepare and present, on behalf of itself, the Trustee and Certificateholders, claims under any such blanket Insurance Policy in a timely fashion in accordance with the terms of such policy. Consistent withsubsection (a) above, the Special Servicer, to the extent consistent with the Servicing Standard, may maintain, earthquake insurance on REO Properties (other than with respect to a Non-Serviced Mortgaged Property), provided coverage is available at commercially reasonable rates, the cost of which shall be a Servicing Advance.

 

(ii)          If the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer shall cause any Mortgaged Property or REO Property to be covered by a master single interest or force-placed insurance policy with a Qualified Insurer naming the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer on behalf of the Trustee as the loss payee, then to the extent such Insurance Policy provides protection equivalent to the individual policies otherwise required, the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer shall conclusively be deemed to have satisfied its obligation to cause such insurance to be maintained on the related Mortgaged Properties and REO Properties. In the event the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer shall cause

 

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any Mortgaged Property or REO Property to be covered by such master single interest or force-placed insurance policy, the incremental costs of such insurance applicable to such Mortgaged Property or REO Property (i.e., other than any minimum or standby premium payable for such policy whether or not any Mortgaged Property or REO Property is covered thereby) shall be paid by the Master Servicer as a Servicing Advance. Such master single interest or force-placed policy may contain a deductible clause, in which case the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer shall, in the event that there shall not have been maintained on the related Mortgaged Property or REO Property a policy otherwise complying with the provisions ofSection 3.07(a), and there shall have been one or more losses which would have been covered by such policy had it been maintained, deposit into the Collection Account from its own funds the amount not otherwise payable under the master single or force-placed interest policy because of such deductible clause, to the extent that any such deductible exceeds the deductible limitation that pertained to the related Mortgage Loan, including any related Serviced Companion Loan, or, in the absence of any such deductible limitation, the deductible limitation which is consistent with the Servicing Standard.

 

(c)          Each of the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer shall obtain and maintain at its own expense and keep in full force and effect throughout the term of this Agreement a blanket fidelity bond and an errors and omissions Insurance Policy with a Qualified Insurer covering the Master Servicer’s and the Special Servicer’s, as applicable, officers and employees acting on behalf of the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer in connection with its activities under this Agreement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, so long as the long-term debt or the deposit obligations or claims-paying ability of the Master Servicer (or its immediate or remote parent) or the Special Servicer (or its immediate or remote parent), as applicable, is rated at least “A3” by Moody’s, “A-” by Fitch and “A(low)” by DBRS (if rated by DBRS), the Master Servicer (or its public parent) or the Special Servicer (or its public parent), as applicable, shall be allowed to provide self-insurance with respect to a fidelity bond and an “errors and omissions” Insurance Policy. Such amount of coverage shall be in such form and amount as are consistent with the Servicing Standard. Coverage of the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer under a policy or bond obtained by an Affiliate of the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer and providing the coverage required by thisSection 3.07(c) shall satisfy the requirements of thisSection 3.07(c). The Special Servicer and the Master Servicer will promptly report in writing to the Trustee any material changes that may occur in their respective fidelity bonds, if any, and/or their respective errors and omissions Insurance Policies, as the case may be, and will furnish to the Trustee evidence that such bonds, if any, and insurance policies are in full force and effect.

 

(d)          At the time the Master Servicer determines in accordance with the Servicing Standard that any Mortgaged Property (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgaged Property) is in a federally designated special flood hazard area (and such flood insurance has been made available), the Master Servicer will use efforts consistent with the Servicing Standard to cause the related Mortgagor (in accordance with applicable law and the terms of the Mortgage Loan and related Serviced Companion Loan documents) to maintain, and, if the related Mortgagor shall default in its obligation to so maintain, shall itself maintain to the extent available at commercially reasonable rates (as determined by the Master Servicer in accordance with the Servicing Standard) and to the extent the Trustee, as mortgagee, has an insurable interest therein, flood insurance in respect thereof. Such flood insurance shall be in an amount

 

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equal to the lesser of (i) the unpaid principal balance of the related Mortgage Loan (and any related Serviced Companion Loan, if applicable), and (ii) the maximum amount of insurance which is available under the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968, as amended, plus such additional excess flood coverage with respect to the Mortgaged Property, if any, in an amount consistent with the Servicing Standard, but only to the extent the related Mortgage Loan (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) or related Serviced Companion Loan permits the mortgagee to require such coverage and the maintenance of such coverage is consistent with the Servicing Standard. If the cost of any insurance described above is not borne by the Mortgagor, the Master Servicer shall promptly make a Servicing Advance for such costs.

 

(e)          During all such times as any REO Property (other than with respect to a Non-Serviced Mortgaged Property) shall be located in a federally designated special flood hazard area, the Special Servicer will cause to be maintained, to the extent available at commercially reasonable rates (as determined by the Special Servicer (with respect to any Mortgage Loan other than an Excluded Loan or prior to the occurrence and continuance of a Control Termination Event, with the consent of the Directing Certificateholder) in accordance with the Servicing Standard), a flood insurance policy meeting the requirements of the current guidelines of the Federal Insurance Administration in an amount representing coverage not less than the maximum amount of insurance which is available under the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968, as amended. The cost of any such flood insurance with respect to an REO Property shall be an expense of the Trust payable out of the related REO Account pursuant toSection 3.14(c) or, if the amount on deposit therein is insufficient therefor, paid by the Master Servicer as a Servicing Advance.

 

(f)           Each of the Operating Advisor and Asset Representations Reviewer shall obtain and maintain at its own expense and keep in full force and effect throughout the term of this Agreement an “errors and omissions” insurance policy with a Qualified Insurer covering losses that may be sustained as a result of an officer’s or employee’s errors or omissions.

 

Section 3.08           Enforcement of Due-on-Sale Clauses; Assumption Agreements.  (a)  As to each Mortgage Loan (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) and any related Serviced Companion Loan that contains a provision in the nature of a “due-on-sale” clause, which by its terms:

 

(i)           provides that such Mortgage Loan and any related Companion Loan shall (or may at the mortgagee’s option) become due and payable upon the sale or other transfer of an interest in the related Mortgaged Property or equity interests in the Mortgagor or principals of the Mortgagor; or

 

(ii)          provides that such Mortgage Loan and any related Companion Loan may not be assumed without the consent of the mortgagee in connection with any such sale or other transfer,

 

then, for so long as such Mortgage Loan or related Serviced Companion Loan is being serviced under this Agreement, the Special Servicer (or, with respect to non-Specially Serviced Loans, if mutually agreed to by the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer, the Master Servicer (in a manner consistent with the Servicing Standard and subject to the consent of the Special

 

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Servicer)), on behalf of the Trustee as the mortgagee of record, shall (a) exercise any right it may have with respect to such Mortgage Loan or related Companion Loan (x) to accelerate the payments thereon or (y) to withhold its consent to any sale or transfer, consistent with the Servicing Standard or (b) waive any right to exercise such rights,provided that, (i)(A) if such Mortgage Loan is not an Excluded Loan and no Control Termination Event shall have occurred and be continuing, the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as the case may be, shall obtain the prior written consent of (x) in the case of the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer and (y) in the case of the Special Servicer, the Directing Certificateholder, and the Directing Certificateholder’s consent shall be deemed given ten (10) Business Days after receipt (unless earlier objected to by the Directing Certificateholder) of the Special Servicer’s written analysis and recommendation with respect to such waiver together with such other information reasonably requested by the Directing Certificateholder and (B) if such Mortgage Loan is not an Excluded Loan, a Control Termination Event shall have occurred and be continuing and no Consultation Termination Event shall have occurred and be continuing, the Special Servicer shall consult with the Directing Certificateholder pursuant toSection 6.08(a) hereof and (ii) with respect to any Mortgage Loan (x) with a Stated Principal Balance greater than $35,000,000, (y) with a Stated Principal Balance greater than or equal to 5% of the aggregated Stated Principal Balance of the Mortgage Loans then outstanding or (z) together with all other Mortgage Loans with which it is cross-collateralized or cross-defaulted or together with all other Mortgage Loans with the same Mortgagor (or an affiliate thereof), that is one of the ten largest Mortgage Loans outstanding (by Stated Principal Balance), the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as the case may be, prior to consenting to any action, shall obtain, a Rating Agency Confirmation from each Rating Agency and a confirmation of any applicable rating agency that such action will not result in the downgrade, withdrawal or qualification of its then-current ratings of any class of Serviced Companion Loan Securities (if any) (provided that such rating agency confirmation may be considered satisfied in the same manner as any Rating Agency Confirmation may be considered satisfied with respect to the Certificates pursuant toSection 3.25),provided,however, that with respect tosubclauses (y) and(z) of thissubclause (ii), such Mortgage Loan shall also have a Stated Principal Balance of at least $10,000,000 for such Rating Agency Confirmation requirement to apply. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, with respect to any Excluded Loan (regardless of whether a Control Termination Event has occurred and is continuing), the Special Servicer shall consult with the Operating Advisor, on a non-binding basis, in connection with the related transactions involving proposed Major Decisions and consider alternative actions recommended by the Operating Advisor, in respect thereof, in accordance with the procedures set forth inSection 6.08 for consulting with the Operating Advisor.

 

In connection with any request for a Rating Agency Confirmation from a Rating Agency (or, with respect to any Serviced Companion Loan Securities, the related rating agencies) pursuant to thisSection 3.08(a), the Special Servicer shall (if not already provided in accordance withSection 3.25 of this Agreement) deliver a Review Package to the 17g-5 Information Provider (or, with respect to any Serviced Companion Loan Securities, the related 17g-5 information provider) in accordance withSection 3.25 of this Agreement.

 

If any Mortgage Loan (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) or related Serviced Companion Loan provides that such Mortgage Loan or related Serviced Companion Loan may be assumed or transferred without the consent of the mortgagee provided that certain

 

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conditions are satisfied, then for so long as such Mortgage Loan or related Serviced Companion Loan is being serviced under this Agreement, the Special Servicer, with respect to all Specially Serviced Loans (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) or related Serviced Companion Loans, on behalf of the Trustee as the mortgagee of record, shall determine in accordance with the Servicing Standard whether such conditions have been satisfied, or, with respect to any Mortgage Loan which does not allow the mortgagee discretion in approving a transfer or assumption or does not allow for discretion in determining whether conditions to a transfer or assumption have been satisfied, the Master Servicer, on behalf of the Trustee as mortgagee of record, shall make such determination with respect to whether such conditions have been satisfied.

 

(b)          As to each Mortgage Loan (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) and any related Serviced Companion Loan that contains a provision in the nature of a “due-on-encumbrance” clause that by its terms:

 

(i)           provides that such Mortgage Loan and any related Companion Loan shall (or may at the mortgagee’s option) become due and payable upon the creation of any additional lien or other encumbrance on the related Mortgaged Property or equity interests in the Mortgagor or principals of the Mortgagor; or

 

(ii)          requires the consent of the mortgagee to the creation of any such additional lien or other encumbrance on the related Mortgaged Property or equity interests in the Mortgagor or principals of the Mortgagor;

 

then, for so long as such Mortgage Loan (and related Companion Loan, if applicable) is serviced under this Agreement, the Special Servicer (or, with respect to non-Specially Serviced Loans, if mutually agreed to by the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer, the Master Servicer (in a manner consistent with the Servicing Standard and subject to the consent of the Special Servicer)), on behalf of the Trustee as the mortgagee of record, shall (a) exercise any right it may have with respect to such Mortgage Loan or related Companion Loan (x) to accelerate the payments thereon or (y) to withhold its consent to the creation of any additional lien or other encumbrance, consistent with the Servicing Standard or (b) waive its right to exercise such rights,provided that (i)(A) if such Mortgage Loan is not an Excluded Loan and no Control Termination Event shall have occurred and be continuing, the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as the case may be, shall obtain the prior written consent of (x) in the case of the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer and (y) in the case of the Special Servicer, the Directing Certificateholder, and the Directing Certificateholder’s consent shall be deemed given ten (10) Business Days after receipt (unless earlier objected to by the Directing Certificateholder) of the Special Servicer’s written analysis and recommendation with respect to such waiver together with such other information reasonably required by the Directing Certificateholder and (B) if such Mortgage Loan is not an Excluded Loan, a Control Termination Event shall have occurred and be continuing, and no Consultation Termination Event shall have occurred and be continuing, the Special Servicer shall consult with the Directing Certificateholder pursuant toSection 6.08(a) hereof and (ii) the Special Servicer or the Master Servicer, as applicable, has obtained Rating Agency Confirmation from each Rating Agency and a confirmation of any applicable rating agency that such action will not result in the downgrade, withdrawal or qualification of its then-current ratings of any class of Serviced Companion Loan Securities (if

 

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any) (provided that such rating agency confirmation may be considered satisfied in the same manner as any Rating Agency Confirmation may be considered satisfied with respect to the Certificates pursuant toSection 3.25) if such Mortgage Loan (A) has an outstanding principal balance that is greater than or equal to 2% of the Stated Principal Balance of the outstanding Mortgage Loans or (B) has an LTV Ratio greater than 85% (including any existing and proposed debt) or (C) has a Debt Service Coverage Ratio less than 1.20x (in each case, determined based upon the aggregate of the Stated Principal Balance of the Mortgage Loan and related Companion Loan, if any, and the principal amount of the proposed additional lien) or (D) is one of the ten largest Mortgage Loans (by Stated Principal Balance) or (E) has a Stated Principal Balance greater than $20,000,000;provided,however, that with respect tosubclauses (A),(B),(C) and(D) of thissubclause (ii), such Mortgage Loan shall also have a Stated Principal Balance of at least $10,000,000 for such Rating Agency Confirmation requirement to apply. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, with respect to any Excluded Loan (regardless of whether a Control Termination Event has occurred and is continuing), the Special Servicer shall consult with the Operating Advisor, on a non-binding basis, in connection with the related transactions involving proposed Major Decisions and consider alternative actions recommended by the Operating Advisor, in respect thereof, in accordance with the procedures set forth inSection 6.08for consulting with the Operating Advisor.

 

In connection with any request for a Rating Agency Confirmation from a Rating Agency (or, with respect to any Serviced Companion Loan Securities, the related rating agencies) pursuant to thisSection 3.08(b), the Special Servicer shall (if not already provided in accordance withSection 3.25 of this Agreement) deliver a Review Package to the 17g-5 Information Provider (or, with respect to any Serviced Companion Loan Securities, the related 17g-5 information provider) in accordance withSection 3.25 of this Agreement.

 

To the extent permitted by the related Mortgage Loan documents, the Rating Agency Confirmation described in the immediately preceding paragraph or inSection 3.08(a) shall be an expense of the related Mortgagor;provided that if the Mortgage Loan documents are silent as to who bears the costs of obtaining any such Rating Agency Confirmation, the Special Servicer shall use reasonable efforts to make the related Mortgagor bear such costs and expenses. Unless determined to be a Nonrecoverable Advance such costs not collected from the related Mortgagor shall be advanced as a Servicing Advance.

 

If any Mortgage Loan or related Companion Loan provides that such Mortgage Loan or related Companion Loan may be further encumbered without the consent of the mortgageeprovided that certain conditions are satisfied and there is no lender discretion with respect to the satisfaction of such conditions, then for so long as such Mortgage Loan or related Companion Loan is being serviced under this Agreement, the Special Servicer, with respect to all Mortgage Loans (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan), on behalf of the Trustee as the mortgagee of record, shall determine whether such conditions have been satisfied.

 

(c)          Nothing in thisSection 3.08 shall constitute a waiver of the Trustee’s right, as the mortgagee of record, to receive notice of any assumption of a Mortgage Loan, any sale or other transfer of the related Mortgaged Property or the creation of any additional lien or other encumbrance with respect to such Mortgaged Property.

 

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(d)          Except as otherwise permitted bySection 3.08(a) and(b) and/orSection 3.18, neither the Master Servicer nor the Special Servicer shall agree to modify, waive or amend any term of any Mortgage Loan and related Serviced Companion Loan, as applicable, in connection with the taking of, or the failure to take, any action pursuant to thisSection 3.08. The Master Servicer and the Special Servicer, as applicable, shall provide copies of any final waivers (except with respect to provision of any such waivers to the 17g-5 Information Provider, exclusive of any Privileged Information) it effects pursuant toSection 3.08(a) or(b) to each other and to the 17g-5 Information Provider with respect to each Mortgage Loan, and shall notify the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, each other and, subject to the terms of this Agreement, the 17g-5 Information Provider (for posting to the 17g-5 Information Provider’s Website in accordance withSection 3.25) and, with respect to a Whole Loan, the related Serviced Companion Noteholder, of any assumption or substitution agreement executed pursuant toSection 3.08(a) or(b) and shall forward thereto a copy of such agreement.

 

(e)          Notwithstanding any other provision of this Agreement, the Special Servicer may not waive its rights or grant its consent (or consent to the Master Servicer taking any such action) under any “due-on-sale” or “due-on-encumbrance” clause relating to any Mortgage Loan without ((i) prior to the occurrence and continuance of a Control Termination Event and (ii) other than with respect to any Excluded Loan) the consent of the Directing Certificateholder (or (i) after the occurrence and during the continuance of a Control Termination Event and (ii) other than with respect to any Excluded Loan, but prior to a Consultation Termination Event, upon consultation with the Directing Certificateholder pursuant toSection 6.08 hereof). The Directing Certificateholder shall have ten (10) Business Days after receipt of notice along with the Master Servicer’s or Special Servicer’s recommendation and analysis with respect to such proposed waiver or proposed granting of consent and any additional information the Directing Certificateholder may reasonably request from the Special Servicer of a proposed waiver or consent under any “due on sale” or “due-on-encumbrance” clause in which to grant or withhold its consent (provided that if the Special Servicer fails to receive a response to such notice from the Directing Certificateholder in writing within such period, then the Directing Certificateholder shall be deemed to have consented to such proposed waiver or consent).

 

(f)          Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of thisSection 3.08, if the Special Servicer makes a determination underSections 3.08(a) or3.08(b) hereof that the applicable conditions in the related Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan documents, as applicable, with respect to assumptions or encumbrances permitted without the consent of the mortgagee have been satisfied, the applicable assumptions and transfers may be subject to an assumption or other fee, unless such fees are otherwise prohibited pursuant to the Mortgage Loan documents;provided that any such fee not provided for in the Mortgage Loan documents does not constitute a “significant” change in yield pursuant to Treasury Regulations Section 1.1001-3(e)(2).

 

(g)          Notwithstanding any other provision of thisSection 3.08, without any other approval or consent, the Master Servicer (for Mortgage Loans and Serviced Whole Loans other than Specially Serviced Loans) may grant and process a Mortgagor’s request for (i) consent to subject the related Mortgaged Property to an immaterial easement, a right of way or similar agreement for utilities, access, parking, public improvements or another purpose, (ii) consent to

 

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subordination of the related Mortgage Loan or Serviced Whole Loan to such easement, right of way or similar agreement and (iii) consent to any other matter that is not a Major Decision or Special Servicer Decision;provided that the Master Servicer (a) shall have determined in accordance with the Servicing Standard that such easement, right of way or similar agreement or other matter will not materially and adversely affect the operation or value of such Mortgaged Property or the Trust Fund’s interest in the Mortgaged Property and (b) shall have determined that such easement, right of way or similar agreement or other matter will not cause any Trust REMIC to fail to qualify as a REMIC at any time that any Certificates are outstanding. The Master Servicer may rely on an Opinion of Counsel in making any such determination under clause (b) above.

 

Section 3.09          Realization Upon Defaulted Loans and Companion Loans.(a)  Upon an event of default under the Mortgage Loan documents related to a Serviced Whole Loan or a Mortgage Loan with mezzanine debt, the Master Servicer shall promptly provide written notice to the related Companion Holder or mezzanine lender, as applicable, with a copy of such notice to the Special Servicer. The Special Servicer shall, subject tosubsections (b) through(d) of thisSection 3.09,Section 3.24, subject to the Directing Certificateholders’ rights pursuant toSection 6.08, and any Companion Holder or mezzanine lender’s rights under the related Intercreditor Agreement (in the case of a Serviced Whole Loan, on behalf of the holders of the beneficial interest of the related Companion Loan) or this Agreement, exercise reasonable efforts, consistent with the Servicing Standard, to foreclose upon or otherwise comparably convert (which may include an REO Acquisition) the ownership of property securing any such Mortgage Loan (other than any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) and related Companion Loan, if any, as come into and continue in default as to which no satisfactory arrangements (including by way of a discounted pay-off) can be made for collection of delinquent payments, and which are not released from the Trust Fund pursuant to any other provision hereof. The foregoing is subject to the provision that, in any case in which a Mortgaged Property shall have suffered damage from an Uninsured Cause, the Master Servicer or Special Servicer shall not be required to make a Servicing Advance and expend funds toward the restoration of such property unless the Special Servicer has determined in its reasonable discretion that such restoration will increase the net proceeds of liquidation of such Mortgaged Property to Certificateholders after reimbursement to the Master Servicer for such Servicing Advance, and the Master Servicer or Special Servicer has not determined that such Servicing Advance together with accrued and unpaid interest thereon would constitute a Nonrecoverable Advance. The costs and expenses incurred by the Special Servicer in any such proceedings shall be advanced by the Master Servicer;provided that, in each case, such cost or expense would not, if incurred, constitute a Nonrecoverable Servicing Advance. Nothing contained in thisSection 3.09 shall be construed so as to require the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, on behalf of the Trust, to make a bid on any Mortgaged Property at a foreclosure sale or similar proceeding that is in excess of the fair market value of such property, as determined by the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer in its reasonable judgment taking into account the factors described inSection 3.16(b) and the results of any Appraisal obtained pursuant to the following sentence, all such bids to be made in a manner consistent with the Servicing Standard. If and when the Special Servicer or the Master Servicer deems it necessary and prudent for purposes of establishing the fair market value of any Mortgaged Property securing a Defaulted Loan or any related defaulted Companion Loan, whether for purposes of bidding at foreclosure or otherwise, the Special Servicer or the Master Servicer, as the case may be, is authorized to have an Appraisal performed with respect to such

 

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property by an Independent MAI-designated appraiser the cost of which shall be paid by the Master Servicer as a Servicing Advance.

 

(b)          The Special Servicer shall not acquire any personal property pursuant to thisSection 3.09 unless either:

 

(i)           such personal property is incidental to real property (within the meaning of Section 856(e)(1) of the Code) so acquired by the Special Servicer; or

 

(ii)          the Special Servicer shall have obtained an Opinion of Counsel (the cost of which shall be paid by the Master Servicer as a Servicing Advance) to the effect that the holding of such personal property by the Trust (to the extent not allocable to the related Companion Loan) will not cause an Adverse REMIC Event to occur.

 

(c)          Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of thisSection 3.09 andSection 3.24, neither the Master Servicer nor the Special Servicer shall, on behalf of the Trustee, obtain title to a Mortgaged Property in lieu of foreclosure or otherwise, or take any other action with respect to any Mortgaged Property, if, as a result of any such action, the Trustee, on behalf of the Certificateholders and/or any related Companion Holder, would be considered to hold title to, to be a “mortgagee-in-possession” of, or to be an “owner” or “operator” of such Mortgaged Property within the meaning of CERCLA or any comparable law, unless (as evidenced by an Officer’s Certificate to such effect delivered to the Trustee) the Special Servicer has previously determined in accordance with the Servicing Standard, based on an Environmental Assessment of such Mortgaged Property performed by an Independent Person who regularly conducts Environmental Assessments and performed within six (6) months prior to any such acquisition of title or other action, that:

 

(i)          such Mortgaged Property is in compliance with applicable environmental laws or, if not, after consultation with an environmental consultant, that it would be in the best economic interest of the Certificateholders (and with respect to any Serviced Whole Loan, the related Companion Holders), as a collective whole as if such Certificateholders and, if applicable, Companion Holders constituted a single lender, to take such actions as are necessary to bring such Mortgaged Property in compliance with such laws, and

 

(ii)          there are no circumstances present at such Mortgaged Property relating to the use, management or disposal of any hazardous materials for which investigation, testing, monitoring, containment, clean-up or remediation could be required under any currently effective federal, state or local law or regulation, or that, if any such hazardous materials are present for which such action could be required, after consultation with an environmental consultant, it would be in the best economic interest of the Certificateholders (and with respect to any Serviced Whole Loan, the Companion Holders), as a collective whole as if such Certificateholders and, if applicable, Companion Holders constituted a single lender, to take such actions with respect to the affected Mortgaged Property.

 

The cost of any such Environmental Assessment shall be paid by the Master Servicer as a Servicing Advance and the cost of any remedial, corrective or other further action

 

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contemplated byclause (i) and/orclause (ii) of the preceding sentence shall be paid by the Master Servicer as a Servicing Advance, unless it is a Nonrecoverable Servicing Advance (in which case it shall be an expense of the Trust and, in the case of a Serviced Whole Loan, shall be withdrawn in accordance with the related Intercreditor Agreement by the Master Servicer from the Collection Account, including from the Companion Distribution Account (such withdrawal to be made from amounts on deposit therein that are otherwise payable on or allocable to such Serviced Whole Loan)); and if any such Environmental Assessment so warrants, the Special Servicer shall, except with respect to any Companion Loan and any Environmental Assessment ordered after such Mortgage Loan has been paid in full, perform such additional environmental testing at the expense of the Trust as it deems necessary and prudent to determine whether the conditions described inclauses (i) and(ii) of the preceding sentence have been satisfied. With respect to Non-Specially Serviced Loans, the Master Servicer and, with respect to Specially Serviced Loans, the Special Servicer (other than any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) shall review and be familiar with the terms and conditions relating to enforcing claims and shall monitor the dates by which any claim or action must be taken (including delivering any notices to the insurer and using reasonable efforts to perform any actions required under such policy) under each environmental insurance policy in effect and obtained on behalf of the mortgagee to receive the maximum proceeds available under such policy for the benefit of the Certificateholders and the Trustee (as holder of the Lower-Tier Regular Interests).

 

(d)          If (i) the environmental testing contemplated bysubsection (c) above establishes that either of the conditions set forth inclauses (i) and(ii) ofsubsection (c) above of the first sentence thereof has not been satisfied with respect to any Mortgaged Property securing a Defaulted Loan and, in the case of a Serviced Mortgage Loan, any related Companion Loan, and (ii) there has been no breach of any of the representations and warranties set forth in or required to be made pursuant to Section 6 of each of the Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreements for which the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller could be required to repurchase such Defaulted Loan pursuant to Section 6 of the applicable Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreement, then the Special Servicer shall take such action as it deems to be in the best economic interest of the Trust (other than proceeding to acquire title to the Mortgaged Property) and is hereby authorized ((A) prior to the occurrence and continuance of a Control Termination Event (or with respect to any AB Mortgage Loan, after the occurrence and during the continuation of an AB Control Appraisal Period, but prior to the occurrence and continuance of a Control Termination Event) and (B) other than with respect to any Excluded Loan), with the consent of the Directing Certificateholder at such time as it deems appropriate to release such Mortgaged Property from the lien of the related Mortgage,provided that, if such Mortgage Loan has a then-outstanding principal balance of greater than $1,000,000, then prior to the release of the related Mortgaged Property from the lien of the related Mortgage, (i) the Special Servicer shall have notified the Rating Agencies, the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Master Servicer and ((A) prior to the occurrence of a Consultation Termination Event and (B) other than with respect to any Excluded Loan) the Directing Certificateholder, in writing of its intention to so release such Mortgaged Property and the bases for such intention, (ii) the Certificate Administrator shall have posted such notice of the Special Servicer’s intention to so release such Mortgaged Property to the Certificate Administrator’s Website pursuant toSection 3.13(b) and (iii) in addition to the prior written consent of the Directing Certificateholder as required above, the Holders of Certificates entitled to a majority of the Voting Rights shall have consented or have been deemed to have consented to such release within thirty (30) days of the Certificate Administrator’s

 

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posting such notice to the Certificate Administrator’s Website (failure to respond by the end of such 30-day period being deemed consent of the Holders of the Certificates). To the extent any fee charged by any Rating Agency in connection with rendering such written confirmation is not paid by the related Mortgagor, such fee is to be an expense of the Trust;provided that the Special Servicer shall use commercially reasonable efforts to collect such fee from the Mortgagor to the extent permitted under the related Mortgage Loan documents.

 

(e)          The Special Servicer shall provide written reports and a copy of any Environmental Assessments in electronic format to the Directing Certificateholder (other than with respect to any Excluded Loan), the Master Servicer and the 17g-5 Information Provider monthly regarding any actions taken by the Special Servicer with respect to any Mortgaged Property securing a Defaulted Loan, or defaulted Companion Loan as to which the environmental testing contemplated insubsection (c) above has revealed that either of the conditions set forth inclauses (i) and(ii) of the first sentence thereof has not been satisfied, in each case until the earlier to occur of satisfaction of both such conditions, repurchase of the related Mortgage Loan by the applicable Mortgage Loan Seller or release of the lien of the related Mortgage on such Mortgaged Property.

 

(f)          The Special Servicer shall notify the Master Servicer of any abandoned and/or foreclosed properties which require reporting to the Internal Revenue Service and shall provide the Master Servicer with all information regarding forgiveness of indebtedness and required to be reported with respect to any Mortgage Loan or related Companion Loan that is abandoned or foreclosed and the Master Servicer shall report to the Internal Revenue Service and the related Mortgagor, in the manner required by applicable law, such information and the Master Servicer shall report, via Form 1099A or Form 1099C (or any successor form), all forgiveness of indebtedness and abandonment and foreclosure to the extent such information has been provided to the Master Servicer by the Special Servicer. Upon request, the Master Servicer shall deliver a copy of any such report to the Trustee and the Certificate Administrator.

 

(g)          The Special Servicer shall have the right to determine, in accordance with the Servicing Standard, the advisability of the maintenance of an action to obtain a deficiency judgment if the state in which the Mortgaged Property is located and the terms of the Mortgage Loan (and if applicable, the related Companion Loan) permit such an action.

 

(h)          The Special Servicer shall maintain accurate records, prepared by one of its Servicing Officers, of each Final Recovery Determination in respect of a Defaulted Loan (other than with respect to a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) or defaulted Companion Loan or any REO Property (other than any Non-Serviced Mortgaged Property) and the basis thereof. Each Final Recovery Determination shall be evidenced by an Officer’s Certificate promptly delivered to the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, the Directing Certificateholder (other than with respect to any Excluded Loan) and the Master Servicer and in no event later than the next succeeding P&I Advance Determination Date.

 

Section 3.10          Trustee and Custodian to Cooperate; Release of Mortgage Files.(a)  Upon the payment in full of any Mortgage Loan (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan), or the receipt by the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as the case may be, of a notification that payment in full shall be escrowed in a manner customary for such purposes, the

 

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Master Servicer or Special Servicer, as the case may be, will promptly notify the Trustee and the Custodian and request delivery of the related Mortgage File. Any such notice and request shall be in the form of a Request for Release signed by a Servicing Officer and shall include a statement to the effect that all amounts received or to be received in connection with such payment which are required to be deposited in the Collection Account pursuant toSection 3.04(a) or remitted to the Master Servicer to enable such deposit, have been or will be so deposited. Within three (3) Business Days (or within such shorter period as release can reasonably be accomplished if the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer notifies the Custodian of an exigency) of receipt of such notice and request, the Custodian shall release the related Mortgage File to the Master Servicer or Special Servicer, as the case may be;provided that in the case of the payment in full of a Serviced Companion Loan or its related Mortgage Loan, the related Mortgage File shall not be released by the Custodian unless the related Serviced Whole Loan is paid in full. No expenses incurred in connection with any instrument of satisfaction or deed of reconveyance shall be chargeable to the Collection Account.

 

(b)          From time to time as is appropriate for servicing or foreclosure of any Mortgage Loan (other than any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) (and any related Companion Loan), the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer shall deliver to the Custodian a Request for Release signed by a Servicing Officer. Upon receipt of the foregoing, the Custodian shall deliver the Mortgage File or any document therein to the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer (or a designee), as the case may be. Upon return of such Mortgage File or such document to the Custodian, or the delivery to the Trustee and the Custodian of a certificate of a Servicing Officer of the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as the case may be, stating that such Mortgage Loan (and, in the case of a Serviced Whole Loan, the related Companion Loan), was liquidated and that all amounts received or to be received in connection with such liquidation which are required to be deposited into the Collection Account (including amounts related to the related Companion Loan, if applicable) pursuant toSection 3.04(a) have been or will be so deposited, or that such Mortgage Loan has become an REO Property, a copy of the Request for Release shall be released by the Custodian to the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer (or a designee), as the case may be, with the original being released upon termination of the Trust.

 

(c)          Within three (3) Business Days (or within such shorter period as delivery can reasonably be accomplished if the Special Servicer notifies the Trustee of an exigency) of receipt thereof, the Trustee shall execute and deliver to the Special Servicer any court pleadings, requests for trustee’s sale or other documents necessary to the foreclosure or trustee’s sale in respect of a Mortgaged Property or to any legal action brought to obtain judgment against any Mortgagor on the Mortgage Note (including any note evidencing a related Companion Loan) or Mortgage or to obtain a deficiency judgment, or to enforce any other remedies or rights provided by the Mortgage Note or Mortgage or otherwise available at law or in equity. The Special Servicer shall be responsible for the preparation of all such documents and pleadings. When submitted to the Trustee for signature, such documents or pleadings shall be accompanied by a certificate of a Servicing Officer requesting that such pleadings or documents be executed by the Trustee and certifying as to the reason such documents or pleadings are required and that the execution and delivery thereof by the Trustee will not invalidate or otherwise affect the lien of the Mortgage, except for the termination of such a lien upon completion of the foreclosure or trustee’s sale. The Trustee shall not be required to review such documents for their sufficiency or enforceability.

 

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(d)          If, from time to time, pursuant to the terms of the applicable Non-Serviced Intercreditor Agreement and the applicable Non-Serviced PSA, and as appropriate for enforcing the terms of a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, the applicable Non-Serviced Master Servicer requests delivery to it of the original Mortgage Note for a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, then the Custodian shall release or cause the release of such original Mortgage Note to such Non-Serviced Master Servicer or its designee.

 

Section 3.11          Servicing Compensation.(a)  As compensation for its activities hereunder, the Master Servicer shall be entitled to receive the Servicing Fee with respect to each Mortgage Loan, Serviced Companion Loan and REO Loan (other than the portion of any REO Loan related to any Non-Serviced Companion Loan) (including Specially Serviced Loans and any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan constituting a “Specially Serviced Loan” under any related Non-Serviced PSA). As to each Mortgage Loan, Companion Loan and REO Loan, the Servicing Fee shall accrue from time to time at the Servicing Fee Rate and shall be computed on the basis of the Stated Principal Balance of such Mortgage Loan, Companion Loan or REO Loan, as the case may be, and in the same manner as interest is calculated on such Mortgage Loan, Companion Loan or REO Loan, as the case may be, and, in connection with any partial month interest payment, for the same period respecting which any related interest payment due on such Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan or deemed to be due on such REO Loan is computed. The Servicing Fee with respect to any Mortgage Loan, Companion Loan or REO Loan shall cease to accrue if a Liquidation Event occurs with respect to the related Mortgage Loan, except that if such Mortgage Loan is part of a Serviced Whole Loan and such Serviced Whole Loan continues to be serviced and administered under this Agreement notwithstanding such Liquidation Event, then the applicable Servicing Fee shall continue to accrue and be payable as if such Liquidation Event did not occur. The Servicing Fee shall be payable monthly, on a loan-by-loan basis, from payments of interest on each Mortgage Loan, Companion Loan and REO Revenues allocable as interest on each REO Loan, and as otherwise provided bySection 3.05(a). The Master Servicer shall be entitled to recover unpaid Servicing Fees in respect of any Mortgage Loan, Companion Loan or REO Loan out of that portion of related payments, Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds, Liquidation Proceeds and REO Revenues (in the case of an REO Loan) allocable as recoveries of interest, to the extent permitted bySection 3.05(a). Except as set forth in the next two sentences, the third paragraph of thisSection 3.11(a),Section 6.03,Section 6.05 andSection 7.01(c), the right to receive the Servicing Fee may not be transferred in whole or in part (except in connection with a transfer of all of the Master Servicer’s duties and obligations hereunder to a successor servicer in accordance with the terms hereof). With respect to each Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan, the Servicing Fee shall be payable to the Master Servicer from amounts payable in respect of such Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan, subject to the terms of the related Intercreditor Agreement.

 

The Master Servicer shall be entitled to retain, and shall not be required to deposit in the Collection Account pursuant toSection 3.04(a), additional servicing compensation (other than with respect to a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) in the form of the following amounts to the extent collected from the related Mortgagor: (i) 100% of Excess Modification Fees related to any modifications, waivers, extensions or amendments of any Non-Specially Serviced Loans (including any related Serviced Companion Loan, to the extent not prohibited by the related Intercreditor Agreement);provided that with respect to such transactions, the consent of, and/or processing by, the Special Servicer is not required to take such action and, in the event that the

 

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Special Servicer’s consent and/or processing is required, then the Master Servicer shall be entitled to 50% of such fees, (ii) 100% of all assumption application fees and other similar fees received on any Mortgage Loans solely to the extent the Master Servicer is processing the underlying transaction (including any related Serviced Companion Loan, to the extent not prohibited by the related Intercreditor Agreement) (whether or not the consent of the Special Servicer is required) and any fee actually paid by a Mortgagor in connection with the defeasance of a Mortgage Loan (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) and any related Serviced Companion Loan (providedthat 50% of the portion of any fees payable solely in connection with any modification, waiver, amendment or consent executed in connection with a defeasance transaction for which the consent, processing or approval of the Special Servicer is required (and specifically excluding any defeasance fees), must be paid by the Master Servicer to the Special Servicer); (iii) 100% of assumption, waiver, consent and earnout fees, and other similar fees (other than assumption application fees and defeasance fees) pursuant toSection 3.08 andSection 3.18 or other actions performed in connection with this Agreement on the Non-Specially Serviced Loans (including any related Serviced Companion Loan, to the extent not prohibited by the related Intercreditor Agreement),provided that the consent, processing or approval of the Special Servicer is not required to take such actions, (iv) 50% of all assumption, waiver, consent and earnout fees, and other similar fees (other than assumption application and defeasance fees), pursuant toSection 3.08 andSection 3.18 on any Non-Specially Serviced Loan (including any related Serviced Companion Loan, to the extent not prohibited by the related Intercreditor Agreement) for which the Special Servicer’s processing, consent or approval is required and only to the extent that all amounts then due and payable with respect to the related Mortgage Loan have been paid, (v) 100% of charges by the Master Servicer collected for checks returned for insufficient funds and (vi) 100% of charges for beneficiary statements or demands actually paid by the related borrowers under such Mortgage Loans (and any related Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan) that are not Specially Serviced Loans. In addition, the Master Servicer shall be entitled to retain as additional servicing compensation (other than with respect to a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) any charges for processing Mortgagor requests, beneficiary statements or demands, fees in connection with defeasance, if any, and other customary charges, and amounts collected for checks returned for insufficient funds, in each case only to the extent actually paid by the related Mortgagor and shall not be required to deposit such amounts in the Collection Account or the Companion Distribution Account pursuant toSection 3.04(a) orSection 3.04(b), respectively. Subject toSection 3.11(d), the Master Servicer shall also be entitled to additional servicing compensation in the form of: (i) Penalty Charges to the extent provided inSection 3.11(d), (ii) interest or other income earned on deposits relating to the Trust Fund in the Collection Account or the Companion Distribution Account in accordance withSection 3.06(b) (but only to the extent of the Net Investment Earnings, if any, with respect to such account for the period from and including the prior Distribution Date to and including the P&I Advance Date related to the current Distribution Date), (iii) interest or other income earned on deposits in the Servicing Account which are not required by applicable law or the related Mortgage Loan to be paid to the Mortgagor and (iv) the difference, if positive, between Prepayment Interest Excess and Prepayment Interest Shortfalls collected on the Mortgage Loans and any Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan, during the related Collection Period to the extent not required to be paid as Compensating Interest Payments. The Master Servicer shall be required to pay out of its own funds all expenses incurred by it in connection with its servicing activities hereunder (including, without limitation, payment of any amounts due and owing to

 

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any of its Sub-Servicers and the premiums for any blanket Insurance Policy insuring against hazard losses pursuant toSection 3.07), if and to the extent such expenses are not payable directly out of the Collection Account and the Master Servicer shall not be entitled to reimbursement therefor except as expressly provided in this Agreement.

 

Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the Master Servicer and Special Servicer shall each be entitled to charge and retain reasonable review fees in connection with any Mortgagor request to the extent such fees are not prohibited under the related Mortgage Loan documents and are actually paid by or on behalf of the related Mortgagor.

 

Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association may, at its option, assign or pledge to any third party or retain for itself the Transferable Servicing Interest;provided,however, that in the event of any resignation or termination of such Master Servicer, all or any portion of the Transferable Servicing Interest may be reduced by the Trustee to the extent reasonably necessary (in the sole discretion of the Trustee) for the Trustee to obtain a qualified successor master servicer that meets the requirements ofSection 6.05 and who requires market-rate servicing compensation that accrues at aper annum rate in excess of the Retained Fee Rate, and any such assignment of the Transferable Servicing Interest shall, by its terms be expressly subject to the terms of this Agreement and such reduction. The Master Servicer shall pay the Transferable Servicing Interest to the holder of the Transferable Servicing Interest at such time and to the extent the Master Servicer is entitled to receive payment of its Servicing Fees hereunder, notwithstanding any resignation or termination of Wells Fargo Bank, National Association hereunder (subject to reduction pursuant to the preceding sentence).

 

(b)          As compensation for its activities hereunder, the Special Servicer shall be entitled to receive the Special Servicing Fee with respect to each Specially Serviced Loan and REO Loan (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan and any REO Loan relating to a Non-Serviced Mortgaged Property). As to each Specially Serviced Loan and REO Loan, the Special Servicing Fee shall accrue from time to time at the Special Servicing Fee Rate and shall be computed on the basis of the Stated Principal Balance of such Specially Serviced Loan or REO Loan, as the case may be, and in the same manner as interest is calculated on the Specially Serviced Loans or REO Loans, as the case may be, and, in connection with any partial month interest payment, for the same period respecting which any related interest payment due on such Specially Serviced Loan or deemed to be due on such REO Loan is computed. The Special Servicing Fee with respect to any Specially Serviced Loan or REO Loan shall cease to accrue if a Liquidation Event occurs with respect to the related Mortgage Loan. The Special Servicing Fee shall be payable monthly, on a loan-by-loan basis, in accordance with the provisions ofSection 3.05(a). The right to receive the Special Servicing Fee may not be transferred in whole or in part except in connection with the transfer of all of the Special Servicer’s responsibilities and obligations under this Agreement. The Special Servicer shall not be entitled to any Special Servicing Fees with respect to a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan.

 

(c)          Additional servicing compensation in the form of (i) 100% of all Excess Modification Fees related to modifications, waivers, extensions or amendments of any Specially Serviced Loans, (ii) 100% of all assumption application fees and other similar items received with respect to Mortgage Loans for which the Special Servicer is processing the underlying

 

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assumption related transaction, (iii) 50% of the portion of any fees payable solely in connection with any modification, waiver, amendment or consent executed in connection with a defeasance transaction for which the consent, processing or approval of the Special Servicer is required (and specifically excluding any defeasance fees), (iv) 100% of all assumption, waiver, consent and earnout fees, pursuant toSection 3.08 andSection 3.18 or other actions performed in connection with this Agreement on the Specially Serviced Loans or certain other similar fees paid by the related Mortgagor and (v) 50% of all Excess Modification Fees and assumption and consent fees pursuant toSection 3.08 orSection 3.18 and 50% of all earnout fees received with respect to all Non-Specially Serviced Loans (including any related Serviced Companion Loan, to the extent not prohibited by the related Intercreditor Agreement) and, in all cases, for which the Special Servicer’s processing, consent or approval is required, shall be promptly paid to the Special Servicer by the Master Servicer (or directly from the related Mortgagor) to the extent such fees are paid by the Mortgagor and shall not be required to be deposited in the Collection Account pursuant toSection 3.04(a). Subject toSection 3.11(d), the Special Servicer shall also be entitled to additional servicing compensation in the form of: (i) Penalty Charges to the extent provided inSection 3.11(d) and (ii) interest or other income earned on deposits relating to the Trust Fund in the REO Account in accordance withSection 3.06(b) (but only to the extent of the Net Investment Earnings, if any, with respect to such account for the period from and including the prior Distribution Date to and including the P&I Advance Date related to such Distribution Date). In addition, the Special Servicer shall be entitled to retain as additional servicing compensation (other than with respect to any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) reasonable review fees in connection with any Mortgagor request to the extent such review fees are not prohibited under the related Mortgage Loan documents, and only to the extent actually paid by the related Mortgagor. The Special Servicer shall also be entitled to additional servicing compensation in the form of a Workout Fee with respect to each Corrected Loan at the Workout Fee Rate on such Corrected Loan for so long as it remains a Corrected Loan;provided,however, that after receipt by the Special Servicer of Workout Fees with respect to such Corrected Loan in an amount equal to $25,000, any Workout Fees in excess of such amount shall be reduced by the Excess Modification Fee Amount;provided, further,however, that in the event the Workout Fee collected over the course of such workout calculated at the Workout Fee Rate is less than $25,000, then the Special Servicer shall be entitled to an amount from the final payment on the related Corrected Loan (including any related Serviced Companion Loan) that would result in the total Workout Fees payable to the Special Servicer in respect of that Corrected Loan (including any related Serviced Companion Loan) to be $25,000. The Workout Fee shall be reduced (but not below zero) pursuant to the preceding sentence with respect to each collection on such Corrected Loan from which fee would otherwise be payable until an amount equal to such Excess Modification Fee Amount has been deducted in full. The Workout Fee with respect to any Corrected Loan will cease to be payable if such loan again becomes a Specially Serviced Loan;provided that a new Workout Fee will become payable if and when such Specially Serviced Loan again becomes a Corrected Loan. The Special Servicer shall not be entitled to any Workout Fee with respect to a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan. If the Special Servicer is terminated (other than for cause) or resigns, it shall retain the right to receive any and all Workout Fees payable in respect of Mortgage Loans or any related Companion Loan that became Corrected Loans prior to the time of that termination or resignation except the Workout Fees will no longer be payable if the Corrected Loan subsequently becomes a Specially Serviced Loan. If the Special Servicer resigns or is terminated (other than for cause), it will receive any

 

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Workout Fees payable on Specially Serviced Loans for which the resigning or terminated Special Servicer had determined to grant a forbearance or cured the event of default through a modification, restructuring or workout negotiated by the Special Servicer and evidenced by a signed writing, but which had not as of the time the Special Servicer resigned or was terminated become a Corrected Loan solely because the Mortgagor had not had sufficient time to make three consecutive timely Periodic Payments and which subsequently becomes a Corrected Loan as a result of the Mortgagor making such three consecutive timely Periodic Payments except the Workout Fees will no longer be payable if the Corrected Loan subsequently becomes a Specially Serviced Loan. The successor special servicer will not be entitled to any portion of such Workout Fees. The Special Servicer will not be entitled to receive any Workout Fees after termination for cause. A Liquidation Fee will be payable with respect to each Specially Serviced Loan (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) or REO Property (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgaged Property) as to which the Special Servicer receives any Liquidation Proceeds or Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds subject to the exceptions set forth in the definition of Liquidation Fee (such Liquidation Fee to be paid out of such Liquidation Proceeds, Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds). If, however, Liquidation Proceeds or Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds are received with respect to any Corrected Loan and the Special Servicer is properly entitled to a Workout Fee, such Workout Fee will be payable based on and out of the portion of such Liquidation Proceeds and Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds that constitute principal and/or interest on such Mortgage Loan. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the Special Servicer shall only be entitled to receive a Liquidation Fee or a Workout Fee, but not both, with respect to proceeds on any Mortgage Loan. Notwithstanding the foregoing, with respect to any Companion Loan, the Liquidation Fee, Workout Fee and Special Servicing Fees, if any, will be computed as provided in the related Intercreditor Agreement or to the extent such Intercreditor Agreement is silent or refers to this Agreement or indicates such fees are paid in accordance with this Agreement, as provided herein as though such Companion Loan were a Mortgage Loan. Subject toSection 3.11(d), the Special Servicer will also be entitled to additional fees in the form of Penalty Charges. The Special Servicer shall be required to pay out of its own funds all expenses incurred by it in connection with its servicing activities hereunder (including, without limitation, payment of any amounts, other than management fees in respect of REO Properties, due and owing to any of its Sub-Servicers and the premiums for any blanket Insurance Policy obtained by it insuring against hazard losses pursuant toSection 3.07), if and to the extent such expenses are not expressly payable directly out of the Collection Account or the REO Account, and the Special Servicer shall not be entitled to reimbursement therefor except as expressly provided in this Agreement.

 

(d)          In determining the compensation of the Master Servicer or Special Servicer, as applicable, with respect to Penalty Charges, on any Distribution Date, the aggregate Penalty Charges collected on any Mortgage Loan (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) and any related Companion Loan since the prior Distribution Date shall be applied (in such order) to reimburse (i) the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer or the Trustee for interest on Advances on such Mortgage Loan or related Companion Loan, if applicable (and, in connection with a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, the applicable Non-Serviced Master Servicer, the applicable Non-Serviced Special Servicer or the applicable Non-Serviced Trustee for interest on the Servicing Advances made by any such party with respect to a Non-Serviced Whole Loan pursuant to the applicable Non-Serviced PSA, to the extent not prohibited by the applicable Non-Serviced Intercreditor Agreement) due on such Distribution Date, (ii) the Trust for all

 

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interest on Advances previously paid to the Master Servicer or the Trustee pursuant toSection 3.05(a)(vi) hereof (and, in connection with a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, the related trust for all interest on Servicing Advances reimbursed by such trust to any party under the applicable Non-Serviced PSA, which resulted in an additional expense for the Trust, to the extent not prohibited by the applicable Non-Serviced Intercreditor Agreement) with respect to such Mortgage Loan or related Companion Loan, if applicable and (iii) the Trust for all additional expenses of the Trust (other than Special Servicing Fees, Workout Fees and Liquidation Fees), including without limitation, inspections by the Special Servicer and all unpaid Advances incurred since the Closing Date with respect to such Mortgage Loan. Penalty Charges (other than with respect to a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan, which shall be payable as additional servicing compensation under the related Non-Serviced PSA) remaining thereafter shall be distributed to the Master Servicer, if and to the extent accrued while such Mortgage Loan and any related Companion Loan was a Non-Specially Serviced Loan, and to the Special Servicer, if and to the extent accrued on such Mortgage Loan during the period such Mortgage Loan was a Specially Serviced Loan or REO Loan. Any Penalty Charges paid or payable as additional servicing compensation to the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer shall be distributed between the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer, on apro rata basis, based on the Master Servicer’s and Special Servicer’s respective entitlements to such compensation described in the previous sentence. Notwithstanding the foregoing, Penalty Charges with respect to any Companion Loan will be allocated pursuant to the applicable Intercreditor Agreement after payment of all related Advances and interest thereon and additional expenses of the Trust in accordance with thisSection 3.11(d).

 

(e)          With respect to each Distribution Date, the Special Servicer shall deliver or cause to be delivered to the Master Servicer within two (2) Business Days following the Determination Date, and the Master Servicer shall deliver, to the extent it has received, to the Certificate Administrator, without charge and on the same day as the Master Servicer is required to deliver the CREFC®Investor Reporting Package for such Distribution Date, an electronic report (which may include HTML, word or excel compatible format, clean and searchable PDF format or such other format as mutually agreeable between the Certificate Administrator and the Special Servicer) that discloses and contains an itemized listing of any Disclosable Special Servicer Fees received by the Special Servicer or any of its Affiliates, if any, with respect to such Distribution Date;provided that no such report shall be due in any month during which no Disclosable Special Servicer Fees were received.

 

(f)          The Special Servicer and its Affiliates shall be prohibited from receiving or retaining any compensation or any other remuneration (including, without limitation, in the form of commissions, brokerage fees, rebates, or as a result of any other fee-sharing arrangement) from any Person (including, without limitation, the Trust, any Mortgagor, any property manager, any guarantor or indemnitor in respect of a Mortgage Loan and any purchaser of any Mortgage Loan or REO Property) in connection with the disposition, workout or foreclosure of any Mortgage Loan, the management or disposition of any REO Property, or the performance of any other special servicing duties under this Agreement, other than as expressly provided in thisSection 3.11;provided that such prohibition shall not apply to Permitted Special Servicer/Affiliate Fees.

 

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(g)          Pursuant to the CREFC® License Agreement, CREFC® shall be paid (according to the payment instructions set forth onExhibit JJ hereto or such other payment instructions as CREFC®may provide to the Master Servicer in writing at least two Business Days prior to the Master Servicer Remittance Date) the CREFC®Intellectual Property Royalty License Fee on a monthly basis. The Master Servicer shall withdraw from the Collection Account and, to the extent sufficient funds are on deposit therein, pay the CREFC® Intellectual Property Royalty License Fee to CREFC®in accordance withSection 3.05(a)(xii) on a monthly basis, from funds on deposit in the Collection Account.

 

Section 3.12          Inspections; Collection of Financial Statements.(a)  The Master Servicer (or, with respect to a Specially Serviced Loan and REO Properties, the Special Servicer) shall perform (at its own expense), or shall cause to be performed (at its own expense), a physical inspection of each Mortgaged Property relating to a Mortgage Loan (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) with a Stated Principal Balance of (i) $2,000,000 or more at least once every twelve (12) months and (ii) less than $2,000,000 at least once every twenty-four (24) months, in each case, commencing in the calendar year 2018 (and each Mortgaged Property shall be inspected on or prior to December 31, 2019);provided,however, that if a physical inspection has been performed by the Special Servicer in the previous twelve (12) months, the Master Servicer will not be required to perform or cause to be performed, such physical inspection;provided,further, that if any scheduled payment becomes more than sixty (60) days delinquent on the related Mortgage Loan, the Special Servicer shall inspect or cause to be inspected the related Mortgaged Property as soon as practicable after such Mortgage Loan becomes a Specially Serviced Loan and annually thereafter for so long as such Mortgage Loan remains a Specially Serviced Loan. The cost of such inspection by the Special Servicer pursuant to the immediately preceding sentence shall be, to the extent not paid by the related Mortgagor, reimbursedfirst from Default Interest and late charges constituting additional compensation of the Special Servicer on the related Mortgage Loan (but with respect to the Serviced Whole Loan, only from amounts available for such purpose under the related Intercreditor Agreement) andthen from the Collection Account, as an expense of the Trust, pursuant toSection 3.05(a)(ii),provided that, with respect to a Serviced Whole Loan, such cost shall be payable, subject to the terms of the related Intercreditor Agreement with respect to a Serviced Pari Passu Whole Loan,pro rata andpari passu, from the related Serviced Pari Passu Mortgage Loan and Serviced Pari Passu Companion Loan, in accordance with their respective Stated Principal Balances, or (ii) with respect to an AB Whole Loan,first, from the related AB Subordinate Companion Loan andthen, from the AB Mortgage Loan (provided that, with respect to any AB Subordinate Companion Loan, the foregoing shall not limit or otherwise modify the terms of the related Intercreditor Agreement pursuant to which any amounts collected with respect to the related Whole Loan are allocated to the related Serviced Mortgage Loan and AB Subordinate Companion Loan), in each case, prior to being payable out of general collections. The Special Servicer or the Master Servicer, as applicable, shall prepare or cause to be prepared a written report of each such inspection (A) detailing the condition of and any damage to the Mortgaged Property to the extent evident from the inspection, (B) specifying the existence of (i) any vacancy in the Mortgaged Property that the preparer of such report has knowledge of and deems material, (ii) any sale, transfer or abandonment of the Mortgaged Property of which the preparer of such report has knowledge or that is evident from the inspection, (iii) any adverse change in the condition of the Mortgaged Property of which the preparer of such report has knowledge or that is evident from the inspection, and that the preparer of such report deems material and

 

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(iv) any visible material waste committed on the Mortgaged Property of which the preparer of such report has knowledge or that is evident from the inspection, and (C) including photographs of each inspected Mortgaged Property. The Special Servicer and the Master Servicer shall each deliver a copy (in electronic format) of each such report prepared by it to the other party, to the Directing Certificateholder ((i) prior to the occurrence and continuance of a Control Termination Event and (ii) other than with respect to any Excluded Loan), to the Certificate Administrator (for posting to the Certificate Administrator’s Website for review by Privileged Persons) and to the Trustee within seven (7) Business Days after the later of (i) the completion of such report or (ii) the Special Servicer’s or the Master Servicer’s, as applicable, receipt of such report. Within five (5) Business Days after request for copies of such reports by the Rating Agencies, the Special Servicer or the Master Servicer, as applicable, shall deliver a copy (in electronic format) of each such report prepared by the Special Servicer and the Master Servicer, as applicable, to the 17g-5 Information Provider for posting to the 17g-5 Information Provider’s Website. In respect of any Mortgage Loan other than an Excluded Loan and prior to the occurrence of a Consultation Termination Event, the Master Servicer shall deliver a copy of each such report to the Directing Certificateholder and upon request to each Controlling Class Certificateholder (which request may state that such items may be delivered until further notice).

 

(b)          The Special Servicer, in the case of any Specially Serviced Loan, and the Master Servicer, in the case of any Non-Specially Serviced Loan shall make efforts consistent with the Servicing Standard to collect promptly and review from each related Mortgagor quarterly and annual operating statements, financial statements, budgets and rent rolls of the related Mortgaged Property, and the quarterly and annual financial statements of such Mortgagor, whether or not delivery of such items is required pursuant to the terms of the related Mortgage Loan documents and any other reports or documents required to be delivered under the terms of the Mortgage Loans (and each Serviced Companion Loan), if delivery of such items is required pursuant to the terms of the related Mortgage Loan (and each Serviced Companion Loan) documents. The Master Servicer and the Special Servicer shall not be required to request such operating statements or rent rolls more than once if the related Mortgagor is not required to deliver such statements pursuant to the terms of the Mortgage Loan documents. In addition, the Special Servicer shall cause quarterly and annual operating statements, budgets and rent rolls to be regularly prepared in respect of each REO Property and shall collect all such items promptly following their preparation. The Special Servicer shall deliver all such items to the Master Servicer within five (5) Business Days of receipt, and the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer, as applicable, shall deliver copies of all the foregoing items so collected to the Certificate Administrator, in electronic format, in each case within sixty (60) days of its receipt thereof, but in no event, in the case of annual statements, later than June 30 of each year commencing June 30, 2018. Upon the request of any Privileged Person (other than the NRSROs) to receive copies of such items, the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, shall deliver electronic copies of such items to the Certificate Administrator to be posted on the Certificate Administrator’s Website. The Master Servicer or Special Servicer, as applicable, shall deliver copies of all the foregoing items so collected thereby to the 17g-5 Information Provider pursuant toSection 3.13(c).

 

In addition, the Master Servicer (with respect to Non-Specially Serviced Loans and Non-Serviced Mortgage Loans) or Special Servicer (with respect to Specially Serviced Loans that are not, and REO Properties that do not relate to, Non-Serviced Mortgage Loans), as

 

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applicable, shall prepare with respect to each Mortgaged Property securing a Mortgage Loan and REO Property:

 

(i)          Within forty-five (45) days after receipt of a quarterly operating statement, if any, commencing following the receipt of such quarterly operating statement for the quarter ending March 31, 2017, a CREFC® Operating Statement Analysis Report (but only to the extent the related Mortgagor is required by the related Mortgage documents to deliver and does deliver, or otherwise agrees to provide and does provide, such information) for such Mortgaged Property or REO Property as of the end of that calendar quarter,provided,however, that any analysis or report with respect to the first calendar quarter of each year will not be required to the extent provided in the then current applicable CREFC® guidelines (it being understood that as of the Closing Date, the applicable CREFC® guidelines provide that such analysis or report with respect to the first calendar quarter (in each year) is not required for a Mortgaged Property unless such Mortgaged Property is analyzed on a trailing 12 month basis, or if the related Serviced Mortgage Loan is on the CREFC® Servicer Watch List). The Master Servicer (with respect to Non-Specially Serviced Loans) or Special Servicer (with respect to Specially Serviced Loans and REO Properties), as applicable, shall deliver or make available copies (in electronic format) of each CREFC®Operating Statement Analysis Report and the related operating statements (in each case, promptly following the initial preparation and each material revision thereof) to the Certificate Administrator, the Operating Advisor and, upon request, each related Companion Holder (with respect to any Serviced Companion Loan) by electronic means.

 

(ii)          Within forty-five (45) days after receipt of an annual operating statement or rent rolls for each calendar year commencing following the receipt of such annual operating statement for the calendar year ending December 31, 2017, a CREFC®NOI Adjustment Worksheet (but only to the extent the related Mortgagor is required by the related Mortgage Loan documents to deliver and does deliver, or otherwise agrees to provide and does provide, such information), presenting the computation to “normalize” the full year net operating income and debt service coverage numbers used by the Master Servicer in preparing the CREFC® Comparative Financial Status Report. The Master Servicer (with respect to Non-Specially Serviced Loans) or Special Servicer (with respect to Specially Serviced Loans and REO Properties), as applicable, shall deliver or make available copies (in electronic format) of each CREFC® NOI Adjustment Worksheet and the related operating statements or rent rolls (in each case, promptly following the initial preparation and each material revision thereof) to the Certificate Administrator, the Operating Advisor and, upon request, each related Companion Holder (with respect to any Serviced Companion Loan) by electronic means.

 

(c)          At or before 12:00 p.m. (New York City time) on each Determination Date, the Special Servicer shall prepare and deliver or cause to be delivered to the Master Servicer and, prior to the occurrence of a Consultation Termination Event, the Directing Certificateholder, the CREFC® Special Servicer Loan File and any applicable CREFC® Loan Liquidation Reports, CREFC® Loan Modification Reports and CREFC® REO Liquidation Reports with respect to the Specially Serviced Loans (excluding, for the Directing Certificateholder, any Excluded Loans) and any REO Properties (other than a Non-Serviced

 

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Mortgaged Property), providing the information required of the Special Servicer in an electronic format, reasonably acceptable to the Master Servicer as of the Business Day preceding such Determination Date, which CREFC® Special Servicer Loan File shall include data, to enable the Master Servicer to produce the following supplemental CREFC® reports: (i) a CREFC® Delinquent Mortgage Loan Status Report, (ii) a CREFC® Historical Loan Modification/Forbearance and Corrected Mortgage Loan Report, (iii) a CREFC® REO Status Report, (iv) a CREFC® Comparative Financial Status Report and (v) solely with respect to REO Properties (other than a Non-Serviced Mortgaged Property), a CREFC® NOI Adjustment Worksheet and a CREFC® Operating Statement Analysis Report, in each case with the supporting financial statements, budgets, operating statements and rent rolls submitted by the Mortgagor.

 

(d)          Not later than 5:00 p.m. (New York City time) on the P&I Advance Date beginning December 2016, the Master Servicer shall prepare (if and to the extent necessary) and deliver or cause to be delivered in electronic format to the Certificate Administrator the following reports and data files: (A) to the extent the Master Servicer has received the CREFC® Special Servicer Loan File at the time required, the most recent CREFC® Delinquent Mortgage Loan Status Report, CREFC®Historical Loan Modification/Forbearance and Corrected Mortgage Loan Report and the CREFC® REO Status Report, (B) CREFC® Loan Setup File (with respect to the initial Distribution Date), (C) the most recent CREFC®Property File, and CREFC® Comparative Financial Status Report (in each case incorporating the data required to be included in the CREFC® Special Servicer Loan File pursuant toSection 3.12(c) by the Special Servicer and Master Servicer), (D) a CREFC® Servicer Watch List with information that is current as of such Determination Date, (E) CREFC® Financial File, (F) CREFC® Loan Level Reserve/LOC Report, (G) the CREFC® Advance Recovery Report, (H) CREFC® Total Loan Report and (I) the report on Disclosable Special Servicer Fees delivered pursuant toSection 3.11(e) to the extent received from the Special Servicer, if any. Additionally, not later than 5:00 p.m. (New York City time) on the P&I Advance Date beginning December 2016, the Master Servicer shall deliver or cause to be delivered in electronic format to the Certificate Administrator any applicable CREFC® Loan Liquidation Reports, CREFC® Loan Modification Reports and CREFC® REO Liquidation Reports received from the Special Servicer. Not later than 2:00 p.m. (New York City time) two (2) Business Days prior to the Distribution Date beginning December 2016, the Master Servicer shall deliver or cause to be delivered to the Certificate Administrator via electronic format the CREFC® Loan Periodic Update File and the CREFC® Appraisal Reduction Amount Template. In no event shall any report described in this subsection be required to reflect information that has not been collected by or delivered to the Master Servicer, or any payments or collections not received by the Master Servicer, as of the close of business on the Business Day prior to the Business Day on which the report is due.

 

(e)          The Special Servicer shall deliver to the Master Servicer the reports and information required of the Special Servicer pursuant toSection 3.12(b) andSection 3.12(c), and the Master Servicer shall deliver or make available to the Certificate Administrator the reports and data files set forth inSection 3.12(d). The Master Servicer may, absent manifest error, conclusively rely on the reports and/or data to be provided by the Special Servicer pursuant toSection 3.12(b) andSection 3.12(c). The Certificate Administrator may, absent manifest error, conclusively rely on the reports and/or data to be provided by the Master Servicer pursuant toSection 3.12(d). In the case of information or reports to be furnished by the Master Servicer to

 

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the Certificate Administrator pursuant toSection 3.12(d), to the extent that such information or reports are, in turn, based on information or reports to be provided by the Special Servicer pursuant toSection 3.12(b) orSection 3.12(c) and to the extent that such reports are to be prepared and delivered by the Special Servicer pursuant toSection 3.12(b) orSection 3.12(c), the Master Servicer shall have no obligation to provide such information or reports to the Certificate Administrator until it has received the requisite information or reports from the Special Servicer, and the Master Servicer shall not be in default hereunder due to a delay in providing the reports required bySection 3.12(d) caused by the Special Servicer’s failure to timely provide any information or report required underSection 3.12(b) orSection 3.12(c) of this Agreement.

 

(f)          Notwithstanding the foregoing, however, the failure of the Master Servicer or Special Servicer to disclose any information otherwise required to be disclosed by thisSection 3.12 shall not constitute a breach of thisSection 3.12 to the extent the Master Servicer or Special Servicer so fails because such disclosure, in the reasonable belief of the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as the case may be, would violate any applicable law or any provision of a Mortgage Loan document prohibiting disclosure of information with respect to the Mortgage Loans or Mortgaged Properties. The Master Servicer and Special Servicer may disclose any such information or any additional information to any Person so long as such disclosure is consistent with applicable law and the Servicing Standard. The Master Servicer or the Special Servicer may affix to any information provided by it any disclaimer it deems appropriate in its reasonable discretion (without suggesting liability on the part of any other party hereto).

 

(g)          Unless otherwise specifically stated herein, if the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer is required to deliver any statement, report or information under any provisions of this Agreement, the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as the case may be, may satisfy such obligation by (x) physically delivering a paper copy of such statement, report or information, (y) delivering such statement, report or information in a commonly used electronic format or (z) except with respect to information to be provided to the Certificate Administrator or any Companion Holder and, prior to the occurrence of a Consultation Termination Event, the Directing Certificateholder, making such statement, report or information available on the Master Servicer’s or the Special Servicer’s Internet website, unless this Agreement expressly specifies a particular method of delivery.

 

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the foregoing, the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer shall deliver any required statements, reports or other information to the Certificate Administrator in an electronic format mutually agreeable to the Certificate Administrator and the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as the case may be. The Master Servicer or the Special Servicer may physically deliver a paper copy of any such statement, report or information as a temporary measure due to system problems, however, copies in electronic format shall follow upon the correction of such system problems.

 

Section 3.13          Access to Certain Information.(a)  Each of the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer shall provide or cause to be provided to the Certificate Administrator, and the Certificate Administrator shall afford access to any Mortgage Loan Seller and to any Certificateholder that is a federally insured financial institution, the OCC, the FDIC, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System of the United States of America and the supervisory agents and examiners of such boards and such corporations, and any other federal or state

 

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banking or insurance regulatory authority that may exercise authority over any such Certificateholder, and to each Holder of a Non-Registered Certificate, access to any documentation or information regarding the Mortgage Loans (other than any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan) and, in the case of a Mortgage Loan that is a portion of a Serviced Whole Loan, the related Companion Loan, and the Trust within its control which may be required by applicable law. At the election of the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer or the Certificate Administrator, such access may be afforded to such Person identified above by the delivery of copies of information as requested by such Person and the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer or the Certificate Administrator shall be permitted to require payment (other than from the Directing Certificateholder (prior to the occurrence of a Consultation Termination Event) and the Trustee and the Certificate Administrator on its own behalf or on behalf of the Certificateholders, as applicable) of a sum sufficient to cover the reasonable out-of-pocket costs incurred by it in making such copies. Such access shall (except as described in the preceding sentence) be afforded without charge but only upon reasonable prior written request and during normal business hours at the offices of the Certificate Administrator or the Custodian.

 

The failure of the Master Servicer or Special Servicer to provide access as provided in thisSection 3.13 as a result of a confidentiality obligation shall not constitute a breach of thisSection 3.13. In connection with providing information pursuant to thisSection 3.13, the Master Servicer and Special Servicer may each (i) affix a reasonable disclaimer to any information provided by it for which it is not the original source (without suggesting liability on the part of any other party hereto); (ii) affix to any information provided by it a reasonable statement regarding securities law restrictions on such information and/or condition access to information on (x) the execution of a confidentiality agreement substantially in the form ofExhibit X, or (y) execution of a “click-through” confidentiality agreement if such information is being provided through the Master Servicer’s or Special Servicer’s website; (iii) withhold access to confidential information or any intellectual property; and/or (iv) withhold access to items of information contained in the Servicing File for any Mortgage Loan if the disclosure of such items is prohibited by applicable law or the provisions of any related Mortgage Loan documents or would constitute a waiver of the attorney-client privilege. Notwithstanding any provision of this Agreement to the contrary, the failure of the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer to disclose any information otherwise required to be disclosed by it pursuant to this Agreement shall not constitute a breach of this Agreement to the extent that the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as the case may be, determines, in its reasonable good faith judgment consistent with the applicable Servicing Standard, that such disclosure would violate applicable law or any provision of a Mortgage Loan or Companion Loan document prohibiting disclosure of information with respect to the Mortgage Loans or Companion Loans or the Mortgaged Properties, constitute a waiver of the attorney-client privilege on behalf of the Trust or the Trust or otherwise materially harm the Trust or the Trust. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the Master Servicer or Special Servicer may refrain from disclosing information that it reasonably determines would prejudice the interest of the Certificateholders with respect to a workout or exercise of remedies as to any particular Mortgage Loan.

 

Upon the reasonable request of any Certificateholder or Certificate Owner (or with respect to any AB Subordinate Companion Loan, the holder of such AB Subordinate Companion Loan) that has delivered an Investor Certification to the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, the Master Servicer (with respect to Non-Specially Serviced

 

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Loans) or the Special Servicer (with respect to Specially Serviced Loans), as applicable, may provide (or forward electronically) at the expense of such Certificateholder or holder of such AB Subordinate Companion Loan, as applicable, copies of any appraisals, operating statements, rent rolls and financial statements (in each case, solely relating to the related Serviced Whole Loan, if requested by the holder of an AB Subordinate Companion Loan) obtained by the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as the case may be;provided that, in connection with such request, the Master Servicer or Special Servicer, as applicable, may require a written confirmation executed by the requesting Person substantially in such form as may be reasonably acceptable to the Master Servicer or Special Servicer, as applicable, generally to the effect that such Person will keep such information confidential and shall use such information only for the purpose of analyzing asset performance and evaluating any continuing rights the Certificateholder or holder of such AB Subordinate Companion Loan, as applicable, may have under this Agreement. In addition, upon the reasonable request of any Controlling Class Certificateholder identified to the Master Servicer (in the case of a Non-Specially Serviced Loan) or the Special Servicer (in the case of a Specially Serviced Loan) to the Master Servicer’s or Special Servicer’s reasonable satisfaction and if the requested information is in the Master Servicer’s or the Special Servicer’s possession, the Master Servicer or Special Servicer, as applicable, shall provide or make available (or forward electronically) to such Controlling Class Certificateholder (at the expense of such Controlling Class Certificateholder) any Excluded Information (available to Privileged Persons through the Certificate Administrator’s Website but not accessible to such Controlling Class Certificateholder through the Certificate Administrator’s Website on account of it constituting Excluded Information) relating to any Excluded Controlling Class Loan with respect to which such Controlling Class Certificateholder is not an Excluded Controlling Class Holder;provided that, in connection therewith, the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer may require a written confirmation executed by the requesting Person substantially in such form as may be reasonably acceptable to the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, generally to the effect that such Person is a Controlling Class Certificateholder, will keep such Excluded Information confidential and is not a Borrower Party, upon which the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer may conclusively rely. In addition, the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer shall be entitled to conclusively rely on delivery from a Controlling Class Certificateholder of an investor certification substantially in the form ofExhibit P-1E that such Controlling Class Certificateholder is not an Excluded Controlling Class Holder with respect to a particular Mortgage Loan.

 

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein (other than as permitted in the preceding paragraph with respect to any Certificateholder or as specifically provided for herein with respect to the Directing Certificateholder), unless required by applicable law or court order, no Certificateholder or beneficial owner shall be given access to, or be provided copies of, the Mortgage Files or Diligence Files.

 

(b)          The Certificate Administrator shall make available to Privileged Persons (provided that the Prospectus, Distribution Date Statements, Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreements, this Agreement and the Commission EDGAR filings referred to below will be available to the general public) via the Certificate Administrator’s Website, the following items, in each case, to the extent such items were prepared by or delivered to the Certificate Administrator in electronic format:

 

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(i)          The following documents, which will initially be made available under a tab or heading designated “deal documents”:

 

(A)          the Prospectus and any other disclosure document relating to the Offered Certificates, in the form most recently provided to the Certificate Administrator by the Depositor or by any Person designated by the Depositor;

 

(B)          this Agreement, any Sub-Servicing Agreements delivered to the Certificate Administrator on or after the Closing Date and any amendments and exhibits hereto;

 

(C)          the Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreements and any amendments and exhibits thereto; and

 

(D)          the CREFC® Loan Setup File (with respect to the initial Distribution Date) provided by the Master Servicer to the Certificate Administrator;

 

(ii)          the following documents, which will initially be made available under a tab or heading designated “SEC EDGAR filings”;

 

(A)          any reports on Forms 10-D, 10-K and 8-K that have been filed by the Certificate Administrator with respect to the Trust through the EDGAR system;

 

(iii)          The following documents, which will initially be made available under a tab or heading designated “periodic reports”:

 

(A)          all Distribution Date Statements prepared by the Certificate Administrator pursuant toSection 4.02;

 

(B)          the CREFC® Loan Periodic Update File, the CREFC® Bond Level File, the CREFC® Financial File, the CREFC® Collateral Summary File, the CREFC® Property File, each of the “surveillance reports” identified as such in the definition of “CREFC® Investor Reporting Package” (including, without limitation, the CREFC® Operating Statement Analysis Report and the CREFC® NOI Adjustment Worksheets), the CREFC® Advance Recovery Report to the extent delivered by the Master Servicer pursuant to this Agreement from time to time; and

 

(C)          all Operating Advisor Annual Reports;

 

(iv)          The following documents, which will initially be made available under a tab or heading designated “additional documents”:

 

(A)          summaries of Final Asset Status Reports or, prior to an AB Control Appraisal Period, summaries of Asset Status Reports approved by the holder of

 

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the related Companion Loan and related information delivered to the Certificate Administrator pursuant toSection 3.19(d);

 

(B)          all property inspection reports and environmental reports delivered to the Certificate Administrator pursuant toSection 3.12(a);

 

(C)          any Appraisals delivered to the Certificate Administrator pursuant toSection 3.19; and

 

(D)          the CREFC® Appraisal Reduction Template or a detailed worksheet showing the calculation of each Appraisal Reduction Amount, Collateral Deficiency Amount, and Cumulative Appraisal Reduction Amount on a current and cumulative basis;

 

(v)          The following documents, which will initially be made available under a tab or heading designated “special notices”:

 

(A)          any notice with respect to a release pursuant toSection 3.09(d);

 

(B)          any notice regarding a waiver, modification or amendment of the terms of any Mortgage Loan pursuant toSection 3.18(g);

 

(C)          any notice of final payment on the Certificates delivered to the Certificate Administrator pursuant toSection 4.01(h);

 

(D)          any notice of the occurrence of any Servicer Termination Event or termination of the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer delivered pursuant toSection 7.01 or notice of any resignation of the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer delivered pursuant toSection 6.05;

 

(E)          any notice of the Certificate Administrator’s determination that an Asset Review Trigger has occurred and any other notice required to be delivered to the Certificateholders pursuant toArticle XII;

 

(F)          any Asset Review Report Summary received by the Certificate Administrator;

 

(G)          any notice of the termination of the Sub-Servicer delivered pursuant toSection 3.20(g);

 

(H)          any notice of resignation of the Trustee or the Certificate Administrator, and any notice of the acceptance of appointment by the successor trustee or the successor certificate administrator pursuant toSection 8.07 orSection 8.08;

 

(I)          any Officer’s Certificate supporting any determination that any Advance was (or, if made, would be) a Nonrecoverable Advance;

 

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(J)          any notice of resignation or termination of the Master Servicer or Special Servicer pursuant toSection 7.03;

 

(K)          any notice of termination pursuant toSection 9.01;

 

(L)          any notice of resignation or termination of the Operating Advisor or the Asset Representations Reviewer and any notice of the acceptance of appointment by the successor operating advisor or the successor asset representations reviewer pursuant toSection 3.26 orSection 12.03, respectively;

 

(M)         any notice of any request by requisite percentage of Certificateholders for a vote to terminate the Special Servicer pursuant toSection 7.01(d), the Operating Advisor pursuant toSection 3.26(j) or the Asset Representations Reviewer pursuant toSection 12.05(b);

 

(N)          any notice of recommendation of termination of the Special Servicer by the Operating Advisor and the related report prepared by the Operating Advisor in connection with such recommendation;

 

(O)          any notice that a Control Termination Event has occurred or is terminated or that a Consultation Termination Event has occurred;

 

(P)          any notice of the occurrence of an Operating Advisor Termination Event;

 

(Q)          any notice of the occurrence of an Asset Representations Reviewer Termination Event;

 

(R)          any assessments of compliance delivered to the Certificate Administrator;

 

(S)          any attestation reports delivered to the Certificate Administrator;

 

(T)          any “special notices” required by a Certificateholder to be posted on the Certificate Administrator’s website pursuant toSection 5.06;

 

(U)          any Proposed Course of Action Notice;

 

(V)          the “Investor Q&A Forum” pursuant toSection 4.07(a); and

 

(W)         solely to Certificateholders and Certificate Owners that are Privileged Persons, the “Investor Registry” pursuant toSection 4.07(b);

 

provided that with respect to a Control Termination Event or a Consultation Termination Event deemed to exist due solely to the existence of an Excluded Loan, the Certificate Administrator will only be required to make available such notice of the occurrence and continuance of a Control Termination Event or the notice of the occurrence and continuance of a Consultation

 

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Termination Event to the extent the Certificate Administrator has been notified of such Excluded Loan.

 

The Certificate Administrator shall post on the Certificate Administrator’s Website the items and reports identified inclauses (iii)(A) and(B) above on each Distribution Date. In addition, if the Depositor so directs the Certificate Administrator, and on terms acceptable to the Certificate Administrator, the Certificate Administrator shall make certain other information and reports related to the Mortgage Loans available through its Internet website.

 

Notwithstanding the foregoing, all Excluded Information shall be made available under a separate tab or heading designated “Excluded Information” on the Certificate Administrator’s Website (and not under any of the tabs or headings described initems (i) through(vii) above) and made available to Privileged Persons other than any Excluded Controlling Class Holder that is a Borrower Party (unless a loan-by-loan segregation is later performed by the Certificate Administrator in which case such access shall only be prohibited with respect to the related Excluded Controlling Class Loan(s)).

 

Any Person that is a Borrower Party shall only be entitled to access (a) the Distribution Date Statements, and the following items made available to the general public: the Prospectus, this Agreement, the Mortgage Loan Purchase Agreements and the SEC filings on the Certificate Administrator’s Website, and (b) in the case of the Directing Certificateholder or a Controlling Class Certificateholder, if any such Person becomes an Excluded Controlling Class Holder, upon delivery to the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Certificate Administrator and the Trustee in physical form of an investor certification substantially in the forms ofExhibit P-1D andExhibit P-1B and upon delivery to the Certificate Administrator in physical form of an investor certification substantially in the form ofExhibit P-1F, which shall include each of the CTSLink User ID associated with such Excluded Controlling Class Holder, all information (other than the Excluded Information with respect to any Excluded Controlling Class Loans (unless a loan-by-loan segregation is later performed by the Certificate Administrator in which case such access shall only be prohibited with respect to the related Excluded Controlling Class Loans)) available on the Certificate Administrator’s Website.

 

In the case of the Directing Certificateholder or a Controlling Class Certificateholder that is not an Excluded Controlling Class Holder, upon delivery of an investor certification substantially in the form ofExhibit P-1B hereto, such Directing Certificateholder or Controlling Class Certificateholder shall be entitled to access all information on the Certificate Administrator’s Website. The Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Certificate Administrator and the Trustee may each rely on (i) an investor certification in the form ofExhibit P-1B hereto from the Directing Certificateholder or a Controlling Class Certificateholder to the effect that such Person is not an Excluded Controlling Class Holder and (ii) an investor certification in the form ofExhibit P-1D hereto from the Directing Certificateholder or a Controlling Class Certificateholder to the effect that such Person is an Excluded Controlling Class Holder with respect to one or more Excluded Controlling Class Loan(s). In the event the Directing Certificateholder or a Controlling Class Certificateholder becomes an Excluded Controlling Class Holder, such party shall promptly notify each of the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Certificate Administrator and

 

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the Trustee in writing substantially in the form ofExhibit P-1E that such party has become an Excluded Controlling Class Holder with respect to the Excluded Controlling Class Loan(s) and/or Excluded Loan(s) listed in such notice and shall also provide the Certificate Administrator a notice substantially in the form ofExhibit P-1F listing each of the CTSLink User ID associated with such Excluded Controlling Class Holder and directing the Certificate Administrator to restrict such Excluded Controlling Class Holder’s access to the Certificate Administrator’s Website as and to the extent provided in this Agreement. Upon confirmation from the Certificate Administrator that such access has been restricted, such Excluded Controlling Class Holder shall submit a new investor certification substantially in the form ofExhibit P-1E to access the information on the Certificate Administrator’s Website, except that such Excluded Controlling Class Holder shall not be entitled to access any Excluded Information related to any Excluded Controlling Class Loan(s) and/or Excluded Loan(s) (unless a loan-by-loan segregation is later performed by the Certificate Administrator in which case such access shall only be prohibited with respect to the related Excluded Controlling Class Loan(s) and/or Excluded Loan(s)) made available on the Certificate Administrator’s Website. With respect to any Excluded Information sent for posting on the Certificate Administrator’s Website, each of the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer and the Operating Advisor shall mark or label such information as “Excluded Information” prior to delivery to the Certificate Administrator, and the Certificate Administrator shall segregate on the Certificate Administrator’s Website such Excluded Information (and, if possible, on loan-by-loan basis) from information relating to other Mortgage Loans or Whole Loans, as applicable.

 

Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, each of the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor and the Certificate Administrator shall be entitled to conclusively assume that the Directing Certificateholder and all beneficial owners of the Certificates of the Controlling Class are not Excluded Controlling Class Holders except to the extent that the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor or the Certificate Administrator, as applicable, has received a notice substantially in the form ofExhibit P-1E from the Directing Certificateholder or a Controlling Class Certificateholder that it has become an Excluded Controlling Class Holder. None of the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor or the Certificate Administrator shall be liable for any communication to the Directing Certificateholder or a Controlling Class Certificateholder that is an Excluded Controlling Class Holder or disclosure of any information relating to an Excluded Controlling Class Loan (including any related Excluded Information delivered to the Certificate Administrator for posting to the Certificate Administrator’s Website) if the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor or the Certificate Administrator, as applicable, did not receive prior written notice that the related Mortgage Loan is an Excluded Controlling Class Loan and/or, with respect to any related Excluded Information posted on the Certificate Administrator’s Website, such information was not delivered to the Certificate Administrator in accordance withSection 3.33.

 

Each of the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor and the Certificate Administrator shall be entitled to conclusively rely on delivery from the Directing Certificateholder or a Controlling Class Certificateholder of an investor certification substantially in the form ofExhibit P-1B that it is not or is no longer an Excluded Controlling Class Holder. To the extent the Directing Certificateholder or a Controlling Class Certificateholder receives access pursuant to this Agreement to any Excluded Information on the Certificate

 

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Administrator’s Website or otherwise receives access to such Excluded Information, such Directing Certificateholder or Controlling Class Certificateholder shall be deemed to have agreed that it (i) will not directly or indirectly provide any such Excluded Information to (A) the related Borrower Party, (B) any related Excluded Controlling Class Holder, (C) any employees or personnel of such Directing Certificateholder or Controlling Class Certificateholder or any of its Affiliate involved in the management of any investment in the related Borrower Party or the related Mortgaged Property or (D) to its actual knowledge, any non-Affiliate that holds a direct or indirect ownership interest in the related Borrower Party, and (ii) will maintain sufficient internal controls and appropriate policies and procedures in place in order to comply with the obligations described inclause (i) above.

 

The Certificate Administrator makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy or completeness of any report, document or other information made available on its Internet website and assumes no responsibility therefor, other than with respect to such reports, documents or other information prepared by the Certificate Administrator. In addition, the Certificate Administrator may disclaim responsibility for any information distributed by it for which it is not the original source. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the Certificate Administrator shall not be liable for any disclosure of information relating to any Excluded Controlling Class Loan to the extent such information was included in the Asset Status Report or the Final Asset Status Report delivered to the Certificate Administrator for posting to the Certificate Administrator’s Website and not properly identified as relating to any Excluded Controlling Class Loan.

 

In connection with providing access to the Certificate Administrator’s Website (other than with respect to access provided to the general public in accordance withSection 3.13(b), the Certificate Administrator may require registration and the acceptance of a disclaimer. The Certificate Administrator shall not be liable for the dissemination of information in accordance herewith. Questions regarding the Certificate Administrator’s Website can be directed to the Certificate Administrator’s CMBS customer service desk at (866) 846-4526.

 

(c)          The 17g-5 Information Provider shall make available solely to the Depositor and the NRSROs the following items to the extent such items are delivered to it (in the form of an electronic document suitable for posting) via electronic mail at 17g5informationprovider@wellsfargo.com, specifically with a subject reference of “CSAIL 2016-C7” and an identification of the type of information being provided in the body of such electronic mail; or via any alternative electronic mail address following notice to the parties hereto or any other delivery method established or approved by the 17g-5 Information Provider if or as may be necessary or beneficial:

 

(i)           any notices of waivers underSection 3.08(d);

 

(ii)          any Asset Status Report delivered by the Special Servicer underSection 3.19(d);

 

(iii)          any notice of final payment on the Certificates;

 

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(iv)          any environmental reports delivered by the Special Servicer underSection 3.09(e);

 

(v)          any Appraisals delivered to the 17g-5 Information Provider pursuant toSection 3.19;

 

(vi)          any annual statements as to compliance and related Officer’s Certificates delivered underSection 11.09 or11.10;

 

(vii)         any annual independent public accountants’ attestation reports delivered pursuant toSection 11.11;

 

(viii)       any notice to the Rating Agencies relating to the Special Servicer’s determination to take action without receiving Rating Agency Confirmation from any Rating Agency as set forth inSection 3.25(a);

 

(ix)          copies of requests or questions that were submitted by the Rating Agencies relating to a request for Rating Agency Confirmation;

 

(x)           any requests for Rating Agency Confirmation that are delivered to the 17g-5 Information Provider pursuant toSection 3.25(a);

 

(xi)          any notice of resignation of the Trustee or the Certificate Administrator and any notice of the acceptance of appointment by the successor trustee or the successor certificate administrator pursuant toSection 8.07 orSection 8.08;

 

(xii)         any Officer’s Certificate supporting any determination that any Advance was (or, if made, would be) a Nonrecoverable Advance;

 

(xiii)        any notice of a Servicer Termination Event or termination of the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer delivered pursuant toSection 7.01;

 

(xiv)        any notice of the merger or consolidation of the Certificate Administrator or the Trustee pursuant toSection 8.09;

 

(xv)         any notice of any amendment that modifies the procedures herein relating to Rule 17g-5 of the Exchange Act pursuant toSection 13.01(a)(ix);

 

(xvi)        any Operating Advisor Annual Report pursuant toSection 3.26;

 

(xvii)       any summary of oral communication with the Rating Agencies or any written question or request from the Rating Agencies directed toward the Master Servicer, Special Servicer, Certificate Administrator or Trustee regarding any of the information delivered to the 17g-5 Information Provider pursuant to thisSection 3.13(c) or regarding any request for a Rating Agency Confirmation or regarding any of the Mortgage Loan documents or any matter related to the Certificates, Mortgage Loans or any related Companion Loan, the related Mortgaged Properties, the related Mortgagors or any other matters related to this Agreement or any applicable Intercreditor Agreement;

 

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provided that the summary of such oral communication shall not identify the Rating Agency with whom the communication was held pursuant toSection 3.13(f);

 

(xviii)     any other information delivered to the 17g-5 Information Provider pursuant to this Agreement including, without limitation,Section 2.03(b),Section 3.07(a),Section 3.12,Section 3.17(c),Section 3.18(g);Section 11.09 orSection 11.10; and

 

(xix)         any other information delivered to the Rating Agencies pursuant to this Agreement including, without limitation,Section 13.10.

 

The foregoing information shall be made available by the 17g-5 Information Provider on the 17g-5 Information Provider’s Website. Information will be posted on the same Business Day of receiptprovided that such information is received by 2:00 p.m., New York City time, or, if received after 2:00 p.m., New York City time, on the next Business Day by 12:00 p.m., New York City time;provided,however, any information delivered pursuant toSection 3.13(d) shall be posted in accordance withSection 3.13(d). The 17g-5 Information Provider shall have no obligation or duty to verify, confirm or otherwise determine whether the information being delivered is accurate, complete, conforms to the transaction, or otherwise is or is not anything other than what it purports to be. In the event that any information is delivered or posted in error, each of the Certificate Administrator and the 17g-5 Information Provider may remove such information from the 17g-5 Information Provider’s Website. The Certificate Administrator and the 17g-5 Information Provider have not obtained and shall not be deemed to have obtained actual knowledge of any information merely by posting such information to the Certificate Administrator’s Website or the 17g-5 Information Provider’s Website to the extent such information was not produced by the Certificate Administrator or the 17g-5 Information Provider, as applicable. Access will be provided by the 17g-5 Information Provider to the NRSROs upon receipt of an NRSRO Certification in the form ofExhibit P-2 hereto (which certification may be submitted electronically via the 17g-5 Information Provider’s Website). If a Rating Agency requests access to the 17g-5 Information Provider’s Website, access shall be granted by the 17g-5 Information Provider on the same Business Day, provided that such request is made prior to 2:00 p.m., New York City time, on such Business Day, or if received after 2:00 p.m., New York City time, on the following Business Day. Questions regarding delivery of information to the 17g-5 Information Provider may be directed to (866) 846-4526 or 17g5informationprovider@wellsfargo.com (specifically referencing “CSAIL 2016-C7” in the subject line).

 

Upon delivery by the Depositor to the 17g-5 Information Provider of information designated by the Depositor as pre-closing information from the Depositor’s 17g-5 Website (the “Pre-close Information”), the 17g-5 Information Provider shall make such information available only to the Depositor and to NRSROs via the 17g-5 Information Provider’s Website pursuant to thisSection 3.13(c). Such information shall be provided to the 17g-5 Information Provider via electronic media and delivered to the 17g-5 Information Provider as mutually agreed. The Depositor shall not be entitled to direct the 17g-5 Information Provider to provide access to the Pre-close Information or any other information on the 17g-5 Information Provider’s Website to any designee or third party.

 

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Upon request of the Depositor or the Rating Agencies, the 17g-5 Information Provider shall post on the 17g-5 Information Provider’s Website any additional information requested by the Depositor or the Rating Agencies to the extent such information is delivered to the 17g-5 Information Provider electronically in accordance with thisSection 3.13. In no event shall the 17g-5 Information Provider disclose on the 17g-5 Information Provider’s Website the Rating Agency that requested such additional information.

 

The 17g-5 Information Provider shall provide a mechanism to notify each Person that has signed-up for access to the 17g-5 Information Provider’s Website in respect of the transaction governed by this Agreement each time an additional document is posted to the 17g-5 Information Provider’s Website. The 17g-5 Information Provider shall notify any party that delivers information to the 17g-5 Information Provider under this Agreement that such notification was received and that it has been posted.

 

Any information required to be delivered to the 17g-5 Information Provider by any party under this Agreement shall be delivered to it via electronic mail at 17g5informationprovider@wellsfargo.com, specifically with a subject reference of “CSAIL 2016-C7” and an identification of the type of information being provided in the body of such electronic mail, or via any alternative electronic mail address following notice to the parties hereto or any other delivery method established or approved by the 17g-5 Information Provider.

 

(d)          Certain information concerning the Mortgage Loans and the Certificates (including the Distribution Date Statements, CREFC®reports and supplemental notices with respect to such Distribution Date Statements and CREFC® reports) shall be provided by the Certificate Administrator to third parties (including Bloomberg, L.P., Thomson Reuters Corporation, Trepp, LLC, Intex Solutions, Inc., CMBS.com, Inc., Asset Reviewers LLC and BlackRock Financial Management Inc.) with the consent of the Depositor, and providing such information shall not constitute a breach of this Agreement by the Certificate Administrator. Such information will be made available to such third parties upon receipt of a certificate in the form ofExhibit P-3 hereto, which certification may be submitted electronically via the Certificate Administrator’s Website.

 

(e)          Each of the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer may, in accordance with such reasonable rules and procedures as it may adopt, also deliver, produce or otherwise make available through its website or otherwise, any additional information relating to the Mortgage Loans (other than any Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan), any related Serviced Companion Loan, the Mortgaged Properties (other than any Non-Serviced Mortgaged Property), or the related Mortgagors, for review by the Depositor, the Underwriter and any other Persons who deliver an Investor Certification in accordance with thisSection 3.13 and the Rating Agencies (collectively, the “Disclosure Parties”) (only to the extent such additional information is simultaneously delivered to the 17g-5 Information Provider for posting on the 17g-5 Information Provider’s Website in accordance with the provisions ofSection 3.13(c)), in each case, except to the extent doing so is prohibited by this Agreement (including without limitation, any prohibitions on dissemination of any confidential information, including, without limitation, any Privileged Information), applicable law or by the related Mortgage Loan documents. Each of the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer shall be entitled to (i) indicate the source of such information and affix thereto any disclaimer it deems appropriate in its discretion and/or

 

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(ii) require that the recipient of such information (A) except for the Depositor and the Rating Agencies, enter into (x) an Investor Certification, (y) a confidentiality agreement substantially in the form ofExhibit X or (z) a “click-through” confidentiality agreement if such information is being provided through the Master Servicer’s or Special Servicer’s website, and (B) acknowledge that the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer may contemporaneously provide such information to any other Disclosure Party. In addition, to the extent access to such information is provided via the Master Servicer’s or the Special Servicer’s website, the Master Servicer and the Special Servicer may require registration and the acceptance of a reasonable and customary disclaimer and/or an additional or alternative agreement as to the confidential nature of such information. In connection with providing access to or copies of the information described in thisSection 3.13(e) to current or prospective Certificateholders the form of confidentiality agreement used by the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, shall be: (i) in the case of a Certificateholder, an Investor Certification executed by the requesting Person indicating that such Person is a Holder of Certificates and will keep such information confidential (except that such Certificateholder may provide such information (x) to its auditors, legal counsel and regulators and (y) to any other Person that holds or is contemplating the purchase of any Certificate or interest therein (provided that such other Person confirms in writing such ownership interest or prospective ownership interest and agrees to keep such information confidential)); and (ii) in the case of a prospective purchaser of Certificates or interests therein or an investment advisor related thereto, an Investor Certification indicating that such Person is a prospective purchaser of a Certificate or an interest therein or an investment advisor related thereto and is requesting the information for use in evaluating a possible investment in Certificates and will otherwise keep such information confidential with no further dissemination (except that such Certificateholder may provide such information to its auditors, legal counsel and regulators). In the case of a licensed or registered investment advisor acting on behalf of a current or prospective Certificateholder, the Investor Certification shall be executed and delivered by both the investment advisor and such current or prospective Certificateholder.

 

Neither the Master Servicer nor the Special Servicer shall be liable for its dissemination of information in accordance with this Agreement or by others in violation of the terms of this Agreement. Neither the Master Servicer nor the Special Servicer shall be responsible or have any liability for the completeness or accuracy of the information delivered, produced or otherwise made available pursuant to thisSection 3.13 unless such information was produced by the Master Servicer or Special Servicer, as applicable.

 

(f)          The Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Certificate Administrator and the Trustee shall be permitted (but not obligated) to orally communicate with the Rating Agencies regarding any of the Mortgage Loan documents and any other matter related to the Mortgage Loans, the related Mortgaged Properties, the related Mortgagors or any other matters relating to this Agreement or related Intercreditor Agreement;provided that such party summarizes the information provided to the Rating Agencies in such communication in writing and provides the 17g-5 Information Provider with such written summary in accordance with the procedures set forth inSection 3.13(c) the same day such communication takes place;provided,further that the summary of such oral communications shall not identify which Rating Agency the communication was with. The 17g-5 Information Provider shall post such written summary on the 17g-5 Information Provider’s Website in accordance with the procedures set forth inSection 3.13(c).

 

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In connection with the delivery by the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, to the 17g-5 Information Provider of any information, report, notice or document for posting to the 17g-5 Information Provider’s Website, the 17g-5 Information Provider shall notify the Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, of when such information, report, notice or document has been posted to the 17g-5 Information Provider’s Website. The Master Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, may, but is not obligated to, send such information, report, notice or other document to the applicable Rating Agency or Rating Agencies so long as such information, report, notice or document (i) was previously provided to the 17g-5 Information Provider or (ii) is simultaneously provided to the 17g-5 Information Provider.

 

(g)          The Special Servicer, subject to the limitations on delivery of Privileged Communications, shall deliver to the Operating Advisor such reports and other information produced or otherwise available to the Directing Certificateholder (other than, prior to the occurrence and continuance of a Control Termination Event, any Asset Status Reports that are not Final Asset Status Reports), or Certificateholders generally, requested by the Operating Advisor in support of the performance of its obligations under this Agreement in electronic format.

 

(h)          None of the foregoing restrictions in thisSection 3.13 or otherwise in this Agreement shall prohibit or restrict oral or written communications, or providing information, between the Master Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Asset Representations Reviewer or the Special Servicer, on the one hand, and any Rating Agency or NRSRO, on the other hand, with regard to (i) such Rating Agency’s or NRSRO’s review of the ratings it assigns to the Master Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Asset Representations Reviewer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, (ii) such Rating Agency’s or NRSRO’s approval of the Master Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Asset Representations Reviewer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, as a commercial mortgage master, special or primary servicer, or (iii) such Rating Agency’s or NRSRO’s evaluation of the Master Servicer’s, the Operating Advisor, the Asset Representations Reviewer’s or the Special Servicer’s, as applicable, servicing operations in general;provided that the Master Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Asset Representations Reviewer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, shall not provide any information relating to the Certificates or the Mortgage Loans to any Rating Agency or NRSRO in connection with such review and evaluation by such Rating Agency or NRSRO unless (x) Mortgagor, property and other deal specific identifiers are redacted; (y) such information has already been provided to the 17g-5 Information Provider and has been uploaded on to the 17g-5 Information Provider’s Website; or (z) such Rating Agency has confirmed in writing to the Master Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Asset Representations Reviewer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, that it does not intend to use such information in undertaking credit rating surveillance for any Class of Certificates;provided,however, that the Rating Agencies may use information delivered in reliance on the certification provided in thisclause (z) for any purpose to the extent it is publicly available (unless the availability results from a breach of this Agreement or any other confidentiality agreement to which such Rating Agency is subject) or comprised of information collected by the applicable Rating Agency from the 17g-5 Information Provider’s Website (or another 17g-5 Information Provider’s Website that such Rating Agency has access to).

 

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(i)           The costs and expenses of compliance with thisSection 3.13 by the Depositor, the Master Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Certificate Administrator, the Trustee, the Operating Advisor, the Asset Representations Reviewer and any other party hereto shall not be additional expenses of the Trust, but shall be borne by the applicable party hereto.

 

Section 3.14          Title to REO Property; REO Account.(a)  If title to any Mortgaged Property is acquired (and thus becomes REO Property), the deed or certificate of sale shall be issued in the name of the Trust where permitted by applicable law or regulation and consistent with customary servicing procedures, and otherwise, in the name of the Trustee or its nominee on behalf of the Certificateholders and, if applicable, on behalf of the related Companion Holders, in the case of a Serviced Companion Loan. REO Property with respect to a Non-Serviced Mortgage Loan is excluded for all purposes of thisSection 3.14. The Special Servicer, on behalf of the Trust and, if applicable, the related Serviced Companion Noteholder, shall sell any REO Property prior to the close of the third calendar year following the year in which the Trust acquires ownership of such REO Property, within the meaning of Treasury Regulations Section 1.856-6(b)(1), for purposes of Section 860G(a)(8) of the Code, unless the Special Servicer either (i) applies for an extension of time no later than sixty (60) days prior to the close of the third calendar year in which it acquired ownership (or the period provided in the then applicable REMIC Provisions) and such qualifying extension is granted or is not denied (an “REO Extension”) by the Internal Revenue Service to sell such REO Property or (ii) obtains for the Trustee and the Certificate Administrator an Opinion of Counsel, addressed to the Trustee and the Certificate Administrator, to the effect that the holding by the Trust of such REO Property subsequent to the close of the third calendar year following the year in which acquisition occurred will not cause an Adverse REMIC Event to occur. If the Special Servicer is granted or not denied the REO Extension contemplated byclause (i) of the immediately preceding sentence or obtains the Opinion of Counsel contemplated byclause (ii) of the immediately preceding sentence, the Special Servicer shall sell such REO Property within such longer period as is permitted by such REO Extension or such Opinion of Counsel, as the case may be. Any expense incurred by the Special Servicer in connection with its being granted the REO Extension contemplated byclause (i) of the second preceding sentence or its obtaining the Opinion of Counsel contemplated byclause (ii) of the second preceding sentence, shall be an expense of the Trust payable out of the Collection Account pursuant toSection 3.05(a).

 

(b)          The Special Servicer shall segregate and hold all funds collected and received in connection with any REO Property separate and apart from its own funds and general assets. If an REO Acquisition shall occur, the Special Servicer shall establish and maintain one or more REO Accounts, held on behalf of the Trustee for the benefit of the Certificateholders and, if applicable, on behalf of any related Companion Holder(s), as applicable, as their interest shall appear, and the Trustee (as holder of the Lower-Tier Regular Interests), for the retention of revenues and other proceeds derived from each REO Property. The REO Account shall be an Eligible Account. The Special Servicer shall deposit, or cause to be deposited, in the REO Account, within one (1) Business Day after receipt of properly identified funds, all REO Revenues, Insurance and Condemnation Proceeds and Liquidation Proceeds received in respect of an REO Property. Funds in the REO Account may be invested in Permitted Investments in accordance withSection 3.06. The Special Servicer shall give notice to the Trustee, the Certificate Administrator, and the Master Servicer of the location of the REO Account when first established and of the new location of the REO Account prior to any change thereof.

 

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(c)          The Special Servicer shall withdraw from the REO Account funds necessary for the proper operation, management, insuring, leasing, maintenance and disposition of any REO Property, but only to the extent of amounts on deposit in the REO Account relating to such REO Property. On or prior to each Determination Date (or with respect to a Serviced Companion Loan, on the Business Day preceding each Serviced Whole Loan Remittance Date), the Special Servicer shall withdraw from the REO Account and remit to the Master Servicer, which shall deposit into the Collection Account (or the Companion Distribution Account, as applicable), the aggregate of all amounts received in respect of each REO Property during the one-month period ending on such Determination Date, net of (i) any withdrawals made out of such amounts pursuant to the preceding sentence and (ii) Net Investment Earnings on amounts on deposit in the REO Account;provided,however,