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SOI Solaris Oilfield Infrastructure

Filed: 30 Jul 20, 9:50pm

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2020

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from           to

Commission File Number: 001-38090

SOLARIS OILFIELD INFRASTRUCTURE, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

81-5223109

(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

9811 Katy Freeway, Suite 700

Houston, Texas

77024

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip code)

(281) 501-3070

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

Class A Common Stock, $0.01 par value

“SOI”

New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

 

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

 

Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.   

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No

As of July 27, 2020, the registrant had 29,376,398 shares of Class A common stock, $0.01 par value per share, and 15,889,169 shares of Class B common stock, $0.00 par value per share, outstanding.

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (the “Quarterly Report”) includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Statements that are predictive in nature, that depend upon or refer to future events or conditions or that include the words “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate” and other expressions that are predictions of or indicate future events and trends and that do not relate to historical matters identify forward-looking statements. Our forward-looking statements include statements about our business strategy, our industry, our future profitability, expected capital expenditures and the impact of such expenditures on our performance, management changes, current and potential future long-term contracts and our future business and financial performance. In addition, our forward-looking statements address the various risks and uncertainties associated with the extraordinary market environment and impacts resulting from both the coronavirus 2019 (“COVID-19”) pandemic and the continued volatility in global oil markets, and the expected impact of these events on our businesses, operations, earnings and results.

A forward-looking statement may include a statement of the assumptions or bases underlying the forward-looking statement. We believe that we have chosen these assumptions or bases in good faith and that they are reasonable. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. You should also understand that it is not possible to predict or identify all such factors and should not consider the following list to be a complete statement of all potential risks and uncertainties. Factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from the results contemplated by such forward-looking statements include:

the level of domestic capital spending by the oil and natural gas industry, which has been significantly impacted by the continuation of material decline in global crude oil demand and crude oil prices for an uncertain period of time that correspondingly have led to a significant reduction in domestic capital spending;
developments in the global economy as well as the public health crisis related to the COVID-19 virus and resulting demand and supply for oil and natural gas;
uncertainty regarding the future actions of oil producers and the risk that they take actions that will prolong or exacerbate the current over-supply of crude oil;
uncertainty regarding the timing, pace and extent of an economic recovery in the United States and elsewhere, which in turn will likely affect demand for crude oil and therefore the demand for the services we provide and the commercial opportunities available to us;
natural or man-made disasters and other external events that may disrupt our operations;
continued volatility of oil and natural gas prices;
large or multiple customer defaults, including defaults resulting from actual or potential insolvencies;
technological advancements in well completion technologies;
competitive conditions in our industry;
inability to fully protect our intellectual property rights;
changes in the long-term supply of and demand for oil and natural gas;
actions taken by our customers, competitors and third-party operators;
fluctuations in transportation costs or the availability or reliability of transportation to supply our systems;
changes in the availability and cost of capital;

1

our ability to successfully implement our business plan;
our ability to complete growth projects on time and on budget;
the price and availability of debt and equity financing (including changes in interest rates);
changes in our tax status;
our ability to successfully develop our research and technology capabilities and implement technological developments and enhancements and expand our product and service offerings;
changes in market price and availability of materials;
the effects of existing and future laws and governmental regulations (or the interpretation thereof);
cyber-attacks targeting systems and infrastructure used by the oil and natural gas industry;
failure to secure or maintain contracts with our largest customers;
the effects of future litigation;
credit markets;
business acquisitions;
weather and other natural phenomena;
uncertainty regarding our future operating results;
significant changes in the transportation industries that service our business, such as increased regulation and embargoes;
the impact of current and future laws, rulings, governmental regulations, accounting standards and statements, and related interpretations; and
plans, objectives, expectations and intentions contained in this Quarterly Report that are not historical.

All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report. You should not place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements. Although forward-looking statements reflect our good faith beliefs at the time they are made, forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, including the factors described under Item 1A, “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, this Quarterly Report and in our other filings with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), which may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from anticipated future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events, changed circumstances or otherwise, unless required by law.

2

PART 1: FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1:     Financial Statements

SOLARIS OILFIELD INFRASTRUCTURE, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

    

June 30, 

December 31, 

2020

2019

Assets

 

  

 

  

Current assets:

 

  

 

  

Cash and cash equivalents

$

63,632

$

66,882

Accounts receivable, net of allowances for credit losses of $1,076 and $339 as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively

 

11,160

 

38,554

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

4,809

 

5,002

Inventories

 

1,016

 

7,144

Total current assets

 

80,617

 

117,582

Property, plant and equipment, net

 

255,539

 

306,583

Non-current inventories

3,555

Operating lease right-of-use assets

4,738

7,871

Goodwill

 

13,004

 

17,236

Intangible assets, net

 

3,372

 

3,761

Deferred tax assets

58,478

51,414

Other assets

 

545

 

625

Total assets

$

419,848

$

505,072

Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

 

  

 

  

Current liabilities:

 

  

 

  

Accounts payable

$

3,998

$

3,824

Accrued liabilities

 

6,333

 

14,447

Current portion of payables related to Tax Receivable Agreement

1,416

Current portion of operating lease liabilities

579

596

Current portion of finance lease liabilities

 

30

 

30

Other current liabilities

75

74

Total current liabilities

 

11,015

 

20,387

Operating lease liabilities, net of current

7,499

7,855

Finance lease liabilities, net of current

 

115

 

130

Payables related to Tax Receivable Agreement

68,132

66,582

Other long-term liabilities

607

460

Total liabilities

 

87,368

 

95,414

Commitments and contingencies (Note 12)

 

  

 

  

Stockholders' equity:

 

  

 

  

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 50,000 shares authorized, NaN issued and outstanding

Class A common stock, $0.01 par value, 600,000 shares authorized, 28,673 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2020 and 30,928 shares issued and 30,765 shares outstanding as of December 31, 2019

287

308

Class B common stock, $0.00 par value, 180,000 shares authorized, 15,839 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2020 and 180,000 shares authorized, 15,939 issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2019

Additional paid-in capital

178,511

191,843

Retained earnings

 

31,516

 

74,222

Treasury stock (at cost), 0 shares and 163 shares as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively

(2,526)

Total stockholders' equity attributable to Solaris

 

210,314

 

263,847

Non-controlling interest

122,166

145,811

Total stockholders' equity

332,480

409,658

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$

419,848

$

505,072

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

3

SOLARIS OILFIELD INFRASTRUCTURE, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended

Six Months Ended

June 30,

June 30, 

    

2020

    

2019

    

2020

    

2019

Revenue:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

System rental

$

5,463

$

39,740

$

31,522

$

77,088

System services

3,419

19,031

24,376

30,468

Transloading services

264

4,881

729

10,714

Inventory software services

192

449

542

955

Total revenue

 

9,339

 

64,101

 

57,169

 

119,225

Operating costs and expenses:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Cost of system rental (excluding $6,034 and $5,481 and $12,035 and $10,707 of depreciation and amortization for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, shown separately) (1)

 

823

 

2,552

 

2,836

 

4,899

Cost of system services (excluding $274 and $391 and $631 and $789 of depreciation and amortization for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, shown separately) (1)

 

6,013

 

21,675

 

30,143

 

35,294

Cost of transloading services (excluding $0 and $411 and $411 and $820 of depreciation and amortization for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, shown separately) (1)

202

689

540

1,399

Cost of inventory software services (excluding $191 and $193 and $384 and $386 of depreciation and amortization for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, shown separately)

122

165

267

300

Depreciation and amortization

 

6,671

 

6,622

 

13,785

 

12,967

Selling, general and administrative (excluding $172 and $146 and $324 and $265 of depreciation and amortization for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, shown separately) (1)

 

3,967

 

5,006

 

8,373

 

9,034

Impairment losses

47,828

Other operating expenses

2,274

69

3,472

282

Total operating costs and expenses

 

20,072

 

36,778

 

107,244

 

64,175

Operating income (loss)

 

(10,733)

 

27,323

 

(50,075)

 

55,050

Interest income (expense), net

 

(35)

 

(656)

 

76

 

(767)

Total other expense (income)

 

(35)

 

(656)

 

76

 

(767)

Income (loss) before income tax expense

 

(10,768)

 

26,667

 

(49,999)

 

54,283

Benefit (provision) for income taxes

 

1,272

 

(4,158)

 

7,350

 

(8,339)

Net income (loss)

(9,496)

22,509

(42,649)

45,944

Less: net (income) loss related to non-controlling interests

3,956

(9,234)

18,026

(20,352)

Net income (loss) attributable to Solaris

$

(5,540)

$

13,275

$

(24,623)

$

25,592

Earnings per share of Class A common stock – basic

$

(0.20)

$

0.42

$

(0.85)

$

0.85

Earnings per share of Class A common stock – diluted

$

(0.20)

$

0.42

$

(0.85)

$

0.85

Basic weighted-average shares of Class A common stock outstanding

28,638

30,609

28,975

29,326

Diluted weighted-average shares of Class A common stock outstanding

28,638

30,644

28,975

29,387

(1)The condensed consolidated statements of operations include stock-based compensation expense as follows:

Cost of system rental

$

18

$

10

$

31

$

14

Cost of system services

73

52

273

116

Cost of transloading services

4

4

7

7

Selling, general and administrative

1,231

1,112

2,345

1,903

Stock-based compensation expense

$

1,326

$

1,178

$

2,656

$

2,040

]

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

4

SOLARIS OILFIELD INFRASTRUCTURE, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

Six Months Ended June 30, 2020

Class A

Class B

Additional

Non-

Total

Common Stock

Common Stock

Paid-in

Retained

Treasury Stock

controlling

Stockholders'

  

Shares

  

Amount

  

Shares

  

Amount

  

Capital

  

Earnings

  

Shares

  

Amount

  

Interest

  

Equity

Balance at January 1, 2020

30,765

$

308

15,940

$

$

191,843

$

74,222

163

$

(2,526)

$

145,811

$

409,658

Exchange of Solaris LLC Units and shares of Class B common stock for shares of Class A common stock

50

1

(50)

460

(461)

Net effect of deferred tax asset and payables related to Tax Receivable Agreement from the exchange of Solaris LLC Units and shares of Class B common stock for shares of Class A common stock

(303)

(303)

Stock option exercises

9

66

7

(80)

(11)

(25)

Share and unit repurchases and retirements

(2,374)

(24)

(14,804)

(10,177)

(1,711)

(26,716)

Stock-based compensation

907

492

1,399

Vesting of restricted stock

105

1

471

37

(373)

(473)

(374)

Solaris LLC distribution paid to Solaris LLC unitholders (other than Solaris Inc.) at $0.105 per Solaris LLC Unit

(1,668)

(1,668)

Dividends paid ($0.105 per share of Class A common stock)

(3,087)

(3,087)

Treasury stock retirements

(1,247)

(1,732)

(207)

2,979

Net income

(19,081)

(14,071)

(33,152)

Balance at March 31, 2020

28,555

286

15,890

177,393

40,145

127,908

345,732

Exchange of Solaris LLC Units and shares of Class B common stock for shares of Class A common stock

50

1

(50)

395

(395)

1

Net effect of deferred tax asset and payables related to Tax Receivable Agreement from the exchange of Solaris LLC Units and shares of Class B common stock for shares of Class A common stock

(310)

(310)

Stock option exercises

7

36

(16)

20

Stock-based compensation

895

497

1,392

Vesting of restricted stock

80

171

(171)

Cancelled shares withheld for taxes from RSU vesting

(19)

(69)

(38)

(107)

Solaris LLC distribution paid to Solaris LLC unitholders (other than Solaris Inc.) at $0.105 per Solaris LLC Unit

(1,663)

(1,663)

Dividends paid ($0.105 per share of Class A common stock)

(3,089)

(3,089)

Net income

(5,540)

(3,956)

(9,496)

Balance at June 30, 2020

28,673

$

287

15,840

$

$

178,511

$

31,516

$

$

122,166

$

332,480

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

5

SOLARIS OILFIELD INFRASTRUCTURE, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

Six Months Ended June 30, 2019

Class A

Class B

Additional

Non-

Total

Common Stock

Common Stock

Paid-in

Retained

Treasury Stock

controlling

Stockholders'

  

Shares

  

Amount

  

Shares

  

Amount

  

Capital

  

Earnings

  

Shares

  

Amount

  

Interest

  

Equity

Balance at January 1, 2019

27,091

$

271

19,627

$

$

164,086

$

35,507

91

$

(1,414)

$

142,428

$

340,878

Effect of ASU No. 2016-02 implementation (Refer to Note 2)

186

(532)

(186)

(532)

Exchange of Solaris LLC Units and shares of Class B common stock for shares of Class A common stock

3,245

32

(3,245)

24,925

(24,957)

Net effect of deferred tax asset and payables related to Tax Receivable Agreement from the exchange of Solaris LLC Units and shares of Class B common stock for shares of Class A common stock

(1,895)

(1,895)

Stock option exercises

65

1

601

28

(427)

(336)

(161)

Stock-based compensation

553

346

899

Vesting of restricted stock

2

(4)

(2)

(4)

Solaris LLC distribution paid to Solaris LLC unitholders at $0.10 per Solaris LLC Unit

(1,638)

(1,638)

Dividends paid ($0.10 per share of Class A common stock)

(3,119)

(3,119)

Net income

12,317

11,118

23,435

Balance at March 31, 2019

30,401

304

16,382

188,458

44,173

119

(1,845.0)

126,773

357,863

Exchange of Solaris LLC Units and shares of Class B common stock for shares of Class A common stock

442

4

(442)

3,571

(3,575)

Net effect of deferred tax asset and payables related to Tax Receivable Agreement from the exchange of Solaris LLC Units and shares of Class B common stock for shares of Class A common stock

(397)

(397)

Stock option exercises

11

48

(20)

28

Stock-based compensation

809

428

1,237

Vesting of restricted stock

51

1

245

16

(299)

(246)

(299)

Solaris LLC distribution paid to Solaris LLC unitholders at $0.10 per Solaris LLC Unit

(1,594)

(1,594)

Dividends paid ($0.10 per share of Class A common stock)

(3,164)

(3,164)

Net income

13,275

9,234

22,509

Balance at June 30, 2019

30,905

$

309

15,940

$

$

192,734

$

54,284

135

$

(2,144)

$

131,000

$

376,183

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

6

SOLARIS OILFIELD INFRASTRUCTURE, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

For the Six Months Ended

June 30, 

    

2020

    

2019

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

  

 

  

Net (loss) income

 

$

(42,649)

 

$

45,944

Adjustment to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

  

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

13,785

 

 

12,967

Loss on disposal of asset

 

 

1,402

 

 

284

Allowance for credit losses

1,633

Stock-based compensation

 

 

2,656

 

 

2,040

Amortization of debt issuance costs

 

 

88

 

 

665

Deferred income tax expense

(7,369)

7,880

Impairment losses

47,828

Other

(145)

(169)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

25,760

 

 

(4,597)

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

 

(217)

 

 

1,990

Inventories

 

 

(533)

 

 

(3,296)

Accounts payable

 

 

147

 

 

(4,661)

Accrued liabilities

 

 

(8,063)

 

 

4,696

Deferred revenue

(6,304)

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

34,323

 

 

57,439

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

  

Investment in property, plant and equipment

 

 

(1,558)

 

 

(28,717)

Cash received from insurance proceeds

713

38

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(845)

 

 

(28,679)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

  

 

 

Share repurchases

(26,717)

Distribution and dividend paid to Solaris LLC unitholders (other than Solaris Inc.) and Class A common shareholders

(9,507)

(9,515)

Payments under finance leases

 

(18)

 

(18)

Payments under insurance premium financing

 

 

(932)

Proceeds from stock option exercises

64

294

Payments for shares withheld for taxes from RSU vesting and cancelled

(96)

Payments related to purchase of treasury stock

(454)

(730)

Payments related to debt issuance cost

(197)

Repayment of senior secured credit facility

(13,000)

Net cash used in financing activities

 

 

(36,728)

 

 

(24,098)

Net increase (decrease) in cash

 

 

(3,250)

 

 

4,662

Cash at beginning of period

 

66,882

 

25,057

Cash at end of period

 

$

63,632

 

$

29,719

Non-cash activities

 

  

 

  

Investing:

 

  

 

  

Capitalized depreciation in property, plant and equipment

 

$

316

 

$

372

Capitalized stock based compensation

135

96

Property and equipment additions incurred but not paid at period-end

6

829

Property, plant and equipment additions transferred from inventory

356

4,939

Financing:

Insurance premium financing

1,812

Cash paid for:

 

 

Interest

 

66

 

183

Income Taxes

813

663

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

7

SOLARIS OILFIELD INFRASTRUCTURE, INC.

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Dollars in thousands)

1.    Organization and Background of Business

Description of Business

We are an independent provider of supply chain management and logistics solutions designed to drive efficiencies and reduce costs for the oil and natural gas industry. We manufacture and provide patented mobile proppant and chemical management systems that unload, store and deliver proppant and chemicals used in hydraulic fracturing of oil and natural gas wells. The systems are designed to address the challenges associated with transferring large quantities of proppant and chemicals to the well site, including the cost and management of last mile logistics, which includes coordinating proppant and chemical delivery to systems. Our systems are deployed in most of the active oil and natural gas basins in the United States.

We also provide software solutions to remotely monitor proppant inventory from the source mine to well site through our Solaris Lens® and Railtronix® inventory management systems. Our customers use data from our software solutions to manage distribution of proppant and chemicals throughout their supply chain.

Recent Developments

The global response to the coronavirus 2019 pandemic (“COVID-19”) as well as the actions taken by a number of global oil producers has contributed to steep declines in the demand and pricing for oil, natural gas and NGLs, negatively impacting U.S. producers and reducing demand for our services. Our revenues have decreased materially as a result of these lower activity levels. In response, we have reduced direct operating costs and SG&A expenses, including reducing workforce levels across the Company and lowered our capital expenditures. We have also recognized impairments on certain assets which is discussed further in Note. 2. Although pricing has stabilized in the second quarter, the commodity price environment is expected to remain depressed based on over-supply, decreased demand and a potential global economic recession. In response, in addition to other measures, the Company has reduced costs and lowered its capital budget for the year.

2.    Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation and Consolidation

The accompanying interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of Solaris Oilfield Infrastructure, Inc. (either individually or together with its subsidiaries, as the context requires, “Solaris Inc.” or the “Company”) have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). These financial statements reflect all normal recurring adjustments that are necessary for fair presentation. Operating results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year or for any interim period.

The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements do not include all information or notes required by GAAP for annual financial statements and should be read together with Solaris Inc.’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 and notes thereto.

Solaris Inc. is the managing member of Solaris Oilfield Infrastructure, LLC (“Solaris LLC”) and is responsible for all operational, management and administrative decisions relating to Solaris LLC's business. Solaris Inc. consolidates the financial results of Solaris LLC and its subsidiaries and reports non-controlling interest related to the portion of the units in Solaris LLC (the “Solaris LLC Units”) not owned by Solaris Inc., which will reduce net income attributable to the holders of Solaris Inc.’s Class A common stock

All material intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated upon consolidation.

8

Use of Estimates

The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant estimates used in the preparation of these condensed consolidated financial statements include, but are not limited to, collectability of accounts receivable, stock-based compensation, depreciation associated with property, plant and equipment and related impairment considerations of those assets, impairment considerations of goodwill, determination of fair value of intangible assets acquired in business combinations, income taxes, determination of the present value of lease payments and right-of-use assets, inventory valuation and certain other assets and liabilities. Actual results could differ from management’s best estimates as additional information or actual results become available in the future, and those differences could be material.

Inventories

Inventories consist of materials used in the manufacturing of the Company’s systems, which include raw materials and purchased parts and is stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Net realizable value is determined, giving consideration to quality, excessive levels, obsolescence and other factors. Adjustments that reduce stated amounts will be recognized as impairments in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. The Company recognized a write down of the carrying value of inventory of $2.6 million to its net realizable value during the six months ended June 30, 2020. There were 0 impairments recorded for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 or for the six months ended June 30, 2019. The value of our inventories not expected to be consumed or sold during our next operating cycle are classified as non-current assets in our condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Goodwill

Due to the impact of the outbreak of COVID-19 and recent oil market developments on our business, we updated our goodwill impairment assessment as of March 31, 2020.

We estimated the fair value for each reporting unit using an income approach including a discounted cash flow analysis and the use of significant unobservable inputs representative of a Level 3 fair value measurement. Some of the more significant assumptions inherent in the income approach include the estimated future net annual cash flows for each reporting unit and the discount rate. The Company selected assumptions used in the discounted cash flow projections using historical data supplemented by current and anticipated market conditions, near term declines and estimated growth rates. These estimates are based upon assumptions believed to be reasonable. However, given the inherent uncertainty in determining the assumptions underlying a discounted cash flow analysis, particularly in the current volatile market, actual results may differ from those used in the Company’s valuations which could result in additional impairment charges in the future. The discount rates used to value the Company’s reporting units were between 10.35% and 13.00%. As a result of the March 31, 2020 evaluation of goodwill, $4,231 of goodwill associated with the 2017 purchase of the assets of Railtronix was impaired during the three months ended March 31. 2020. The goodwill associated with the Loadcraft Industries Ltd. purchase was not impaired. An impairment charge would have resulted if our estimate of fair value was approximately 40% less than the amount determined. No additional facts or circumstances warranted an impairment assessment as of June 30, 2020 and 0 impairment charges were recognized for the three month period then ended.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets, Definite-lived Intangible Assets and ROU Assets

As a result of recent volatility in global oil markets driven by significant reductions in demand for oil due to COVID-19 and certain actions by oil producers globally and the expected impact on our businesses, operations and earnings, the Company concluded that such circumstances warranted an evaluation of whether indicators of impairment are present for its asset groups as of March 31, 2020. Based on this evaluation, the Company performed tests for recoverability of the carrying value of these assets using forecasted undiscounted cash flows.

The Company noted that the undiscounted cash flows as well as the fair value of the assets associated with our Kingfisher Facility exceeded their carrying values and the Company recognized impairment losses of $37,775, $2,845

9

and $410 for property, plant and equipment, ROU assets and other receivables, respectively during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and six month ended June 30, 2020. These impairments resulted from an accumulation of factors leading to the loss of significant customers, reduced operating activities and earnings, including impacts resulting from continued volatility in global oil markets and the COVID-19 pandemic. No additional facts or circumstances indicated that indicators of impairment have become present during the three months ended June 30, 2020. However, if these conditions persist for an extended period of time, additional impairment losses may be recognized in relation to our proppant management systems and inventory management software.

Given the inherent uncertainty in determining the assumptions underlying both undiscounted and discounted cash flow analyses, particularly in the current volatile market, actual results may differ which could result in additional impairment charges. We estimated the fair value of the Kingfisher Facility using an income approach including a discounted cash flow analysis and the use of significant unobservable inputs representative of a Level 3 fair value measurement. Some of the more significant assumptions inherent in the income approach include the estimated future net annual cash flows for each reporting unit and the discount rate. The Company selected assumptions used in the discounted cash flow projections using historical data supplemented by current and anticipated market conditions and estimated growth rates. These estimates are based upon assumptions believed to be reasonable. The discount rates used to value this reporting unit were between 10.35% and 13.00%. Limited marketability for the assets group exist in the current volatile market and the analysis resulted in a full impairment of the long-lived assets of the reporting unit.

There were 0 impairment indicators for the three or six months ended June 30, 2019.

Accounting Standards Recently Adopted

In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-13, Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“ASU 2016-13”) which replaces the incurred loss impairment methodology under current GAAP with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to inform credit loss estimates. ASU 2016-13 requires the use of a forward-looking expected credit loss model for accounts receivables, loans and other financial instruments. For public business entities, the amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. We adopted ASU 2016-13 effective January 1, 2020, which did not have an impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform, which provides temporary optional guidance to companies impacted by the transition away from the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”). The guidance provides certain expedients and exceptions to applying GAAP in order to lessen the potential accounting burden when contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions that reference LIBOR as a benchmark rate are modified. This guidance is effective upon issuance and expires on December 31, 2022. The Company is currently assessing the impact of the LIBOR transition and this ASU on the Company’s financial statements.

3.    Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Credit Losses

Accounts receivable consists of trade receivables recorded at the invoice amount, plus accrued revenue that is not yet billed, less an estimated allowance for credit losses (if any). Accounts receivable are generally due within 60 days or less, or in accordance with terms agreed with customers. We do not accrue interest on delinquent receivables. Total unbilled revenue included in accounts receivable as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 was $1,338 and $7,423, respectively.

In our determination of the allowance for credit losses, we pool receivables with similar risk characteristics and consider a number of current conditions, past events and other factors, including the length of time trade accounts receivable are past due, previous loss history, and the condition of the general economy and the industry as a whole, and apply an expected loss percentage. The expected credit loss percentage is determined using historical loss data adjusted for current conditions and forecasts of future economic conditions. Accounts deemed uncollectible are applied against

10

the allowance for credit losses. The related expense was included in Selling, general and administrative expense on the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

The following activity related to our allowance for credit losses on customer receivables for the six months ended June 30, 2020 reflects the estimated impact of the current economic environment on our receivable balance:

(in thousands)

Balance, December 31, 2019

$

339

Credit losses

1,633

Less writeoffs

(896)

Balance, June 30, 2020

$

1,076

NaN allowance for credit losses were recognized in the six months ended June 30, 2019.

4.    Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, plant and equipment was comprised of the following at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019:

    

June 30, 

    

December 31, 

    

2020

    

2019

Systems and related equipment

297,297

$

294,547

Systems in process

11,386

 

11,867

Transloading facility and equipment

40,272

Computer hardware and software

 

980

 

1,335

Machinery and equipment

 

5,242

 

5,214

Vehicles

 

3,736

 

7,633

Buildings

 

4,342

 

4,339

Land

 

612

 

612

Furniture and fixtures

238

 

284

Property, plant and equipment, gross

 

323,833

 

366,103

Less: accumulated depreciation

 

(68,294)

 

(59,520)

Property, plant and equipment, net

$

255,539

$

306,583

Depreciation expense for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 was $6,480 and $6,429, respectively.

As described in Note 2, $37,775 of impairment losses were recognized for property, plant and equipment, associated primarily with transloading facility and equipment during the three months ended March 31, 2020.

There were 0 impairment indicators for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and for the three months ended June 30, 2020.

5.    Definite-lived Intangible Assets

Definite-lived Intangible Assets

Identified intangible assets with determinable lives consist primarily of customer relationships, a non-competition agreement and software acquired in the acquisition of Railtronix, as well as patents that were filed for our systems and other intellectual property. Amortization on these assets is calculated on the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets, which is five to fifteen years. The Company recorded amortization expense of $191 and $194 for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively and amortization expense of $389 and $389 for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

11

Identified intangible assets by major classification consist of the following at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019:

Accumulated

Net Book

Gross

Amortization

Value

As of June 30, 2020:

Customer relationships

$

4,703

$

(1,735)

$

2,968

Software acquired in the acquisition of Railtronix

346

(128)

218

Non-competition agreement

225

(116)

109

Patents and other

114

(37)

77

Total identifiable intangibles

$

5,388

$

(2,016)

$

3,372

As of December 31, 2019:

Customer relationships

$

4,703

$

(1,400)

$

3,303

Software acquired in the acquisition of Railtronix

346

(103)

243

Non-competition agreement

225

(94)

131

Patents and other

114

(30)

84

Total identifiable intangibles

$

5,388

$

(1,627)

$

3,761

6.    Accrued Liabilities

Accrued liabilities were comprised of the following at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019:

    

June 30, 

    

December 31, 

    

2020

    

2019

Property, plant and equipment

$

26

$

47

Employee related expenses

2,135

4,129

Selling, general and administrative

742

1,016

Cost of revenue

786

5,062

Excise, franchise and sales taxes

 

2,271

 

2,526

Ad valorem taxes

 

304

 

1,598

Other

 

69

 

69

Accrued liabilities

$

6,333

$

14,447

7.    Leases

The Company has operating and finance leases for equipment, office space, land and facilities. The terms and conditions for these leases vary by type of underlying asset.

As described in Note 2, $2,845 of impairment losses were recognized in relation to operating lease ROU assets, during the three months ended March 31, 2020.

Operating leases include the guarantee of lease agreement with Solaris Energy Management, LLC, a related party of the Company, related to the rental of office space for the Company's corporate headquarters. Refer to Note 13. “Related Party Transactions” for additional information regarding related party transactions recognized.

12

The components of lease expense were as follows:

    

Three Months Ended

    

Three Months Ended

 

    

Six Months Ended

    

Six Months Ended

June 30, 2020

June 30, 2019

June 30, 2020

June 30, 2019

Operating lease cost (1) (2)

$

256

$

297

$

511

$

593

 

 

Finance lease cost

 

 

Amortization of ROU assets

8

 

8

8

 

16

Interest on lease liabilities

1

 

1

1

 

2

Total finance lease cost

$

9

$

9

$

9

$

18

(1)Includes short term leases.
(2)Operating lease costs of $185, $20 and $51 were reported in Selling, general and administrative, Cost of system services and Cost of transloading services for the three months ended June 30, 2020, respectively. Operating lease costs of $185, $20 and $92 were reported in Selling, general and administrative, Cost of system services and Cost of transloading services for the three months ended June 30, 2019, respectively. Operating lease costs of $370, $39 and $102 were reported in Selling, general and administrative, Cost of system services and Cost of transloading services for the six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively. Operating lease costs of $370, $39 and $184 were reported in Selling, general and administrative, Cost of system services and Cost of transloading services for the six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively. NaN variable lease costs were recognized during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

Future minimum lease payments under non-cancellable leases as of June 30, 2020 were as follows:

Year Ending December 31,

    

Operating Leases

    

Finance Leases

2020 (remainder of)

$

478

18

2021

1,060

33

2022

1,091

33

2023

1,100

33

2024

1,109

33

Thereafter

8,353

7

Total future minimum lease payments

13,191

 

157

Less: effects of discounting

(5,114)

(12)

Total lease liabilities

$

8,077

$

145

Supplemental cash flow information related to leases was as follows:

    

Three Months Ended

    

Three Months Ended

 

    

Six Months Ended

    

Six Months Ended

June 30, 2020

June 30, 2019

June 30, 2020

June 30, 2019

Supplemental Cash Flows Information

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:

 

 

Operating cash flows from operating leases

$

395

$

394

$

638

$

633

Financing cash flows from finance leases

9

 

9

18

 

18

13

Other information related to leases was as follows:

    

June 30,

2020

Weighted Average Remaining Lease Term

Operating leases

13.8 years

Finance leases

5.1 years

Weighted Average Discount Rate

Operating leases

6.3%

Finance leases

3.3%

8.    Debt

Senior Secured Credit Facility

On April 26, 2019, Solaris LLC entered into an Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the “2019 Credit Agreement”) by and among Solaris LLC, as borrower, each of the lenders party thereto and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as administrative agent. The 2019 Credit Agreement consists of an initial $50,000 revolving loan commitment (the “Loan”) with a $25,000 uncommitted accordion option to increase the Loan availability to $75,000.

The term of the 2019 Credit Agreement expires on April 26, 2022. The 2019 Credit Agreement requires that we prepay any outstanding borrowings under the Loan in the event our total leverage ratio is greater than 1.00 to 1.00 and our consolidated cash balance exceeds $20,000, taking into account certain adjustments. At June 30, 2020, we had 0 borrowings under the 2019 Credit Agreement outstanding and ability to draw $50,000.

Although there were 0 borrowings outstanding under the 2019 Credit Agreement, the applicable margin ranges from 1.75% to 2.50% for Eurodollar loans and 0.75% to 1.50% for alternate base rate loans, in each case depending on our total leverage ratio. The 2019 Credit Agreement requires that we pay a quarterly commitment fee on undrawn amounts of the Loan, ranging from 0.25% to 0.375% depending upon the total leverage ratio. We were in compliance with all covenants in accordance with the 2019 Credit Agreement as of June 30, 2020.

9.    Equity

Dividends

Solaris LLC paid distributions totaling $4,755 and $4,758 to all Solaris LLC unitholders in the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, of which $3,087 and $3,164 was paid to Solaris Inc. Solaris LLC paid distributions totaling $9,507 and $9,515 to all Solaris LLC unitholders in the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, of which $6,176 and $6,280 was paid to Solaris Inc. Solaris Inc. used the proceeds from the distributions to pay quarterly cash dividends to all holders of shares of Class A common stock.

Share Repurchase Program

During the three months ended March 31, 2020, Solaris Inc. purchased and retired 2,374,092 shares of the Company’s Class A common stock for $26,746, or $11.27 average price per share, and, in connection therewith, Solaris LLC purchased and retired 2,374,092 Solaris LLC Units from the Company for the same amount. During the full share repurchase plan, Solaris Inc. purchased and retired 2,626,022 shares of the Company’s Class A common stock for $30,000, or $11.41 average price per share, and, in connection therewith, Solaris LLC purchased and retired 2,626,022 Solaris LLC Units from the Company for the same amount. As of March 31, 2020, the share repurchase plan was completed.

Treasury Stock Retirement

During the six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company cancelled and retired, 207,382 shares of treasury stock. NaN shares were retired during the three and six months ended June 30, 2019.

14

Stock-based compensation

The Company’s long-term incentive plan for employees, directors and consultants (the “LTIP”) provides for the grant of all or any of the following types of equity-based awards: (1) incentive stock options qualified as such under United States federal income tax laws; (2) stock options that do not qualify as incentive stock options; (3) stock appreciation rights; (4) restricted stock awards; (5) restricted stock units; (6) bonus stock; (7) performance awards; (8) dividend equivalents; (9) other stock-based awards; (10) cash awards; and (11) substitute awards.

Subject to adjustment in accordance with the terms of the LTIP, 5,118,080 shares of Solaris Inc.’s Class A common stock have been reserved for issuance pursuant to awards under the LTIP. As of June 30, 2020, 3,538,005 stock awards were available for grant.

The following table summarizes activity related to restricted stock for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019:

Restricted Stock Awards

2020

2019

Unvested at January 1,

 

627,251

411,497

Awarded

 

386,146

375,068

Vested

 

(141,700)

(706)

Forfeited

 

(32,845)

(405)

Unvested at March 31,

838,852

785,454

Awarded

10,194

29,847

Vested

(80,203)

(67,674)

Forfeited

(37,164)

(7,896)

Unvested at June 30,

731,679

739,731

Of the unvested 731,679 shares restricted stock, it is expected that 102,164 shares, 264,046 shares, 249,839 shares, and 115,630 shares will vest in 2020, 2021, 2022 and 2023, respectively, in each case, subject to the applicable vesting terms governing such shares of restricted stock. There was approximately $6,918 of unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested restricted stock as of June 30, 2020. The unrecognized compensation expense will be recognized over the weighted average remaining vesting period of 2.6 years.

Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share of Class A common stock is computed by dividing net income attributable to Solaris Inc. by the weighted-average number of shares of Class A common stock outstanding during the same period. Diluted earnings per share is computed giving effect to all potentially dilutive shares.

15

The following table sets forth the calculation of earnings per share, or EPS, for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019:

Three Months Ended June 30,

Six Months Ended June 30,

Basic net income per share:

2020

2019

2020

    

2019

Numerator

Net income (loss) attributable to Solaris

$

(5,540)

$

13,275

$

(24,623)

$

25,592

Loss (income) attributable to participating securities (1)

(322)

(575)

Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders

$

(5,540)

$

12,953

$

(24,623)

$

25,017

Denominator

Weighted average number of unrestricted outstanding common shares used to calculate basic net income per share

28,638

30,609

28,975

29,326

Effect of dilutive securities:

Stock options

35

61

Diluted weighted-average shares of Class A common stock outstanding used to calculate diluted net income per share

28,638

30,644

28,975

29,387

Earnings per share of Class A common stock - basic

$

(0.20)

$

0.42

$

(0.85)

$

0.85

Earnings per share of Class A common stock - diluted

$

(0.20)

$

0.42

$

(0.85)

$

0.85

(1)The Company’s restricted shares of common stock are participating securities.

The following number of weighted-average potentially dilutive shares were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share because the effect of including such potentially dilutive shares would have been antidilutive upon conversion:

Three Months Ended June 30,

Six Months Ended June 30,

2020

2019

2020

    

2019

Class B common stock

15,856

16,202

15,889

17,450

Restricted stock awards

761

231

726

71

Stock Options

13

17

Total

16,630

16,433

16,632

17,521

10. Income Taxes

Income Taxes

Solaris Inc. is a corporation and, as a result, is subject to United States federal, state and local income taxes. Solaris LLC is treated as a partnership for United States federal income tax purposes and therefore does not pay United States federal income tax on its taxable income. Instead, the Solaris LLC unitholders, including Solaris Inc., are liable for United States federal income tax on their respective shares of Solaris LLC’s taxable income reported on the unitholders’ United States federal income tax returns. Solaris LLC is liable for income taxes in those states not recognizing its status as a partnership for United States federal income tax purposes.

For the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, we recognized a combined United States federal and state benefit and expense for income taxes of ($1,272) and $4,158, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, we recognized a combined United States federal and state benefit and expense of ($7,350) and $8,339, respectively. The effective combined United States federal and state income tax rates were 11.7% and 15.4% for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The effective combined United States federal and state income tax rates were 14.7% and 15.3% for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, our effective tax rate differed from the statutory rate primarily due to Solaris LLC’s treatment as a partnership for United States federal income tax purposes.

16

We are subject to a franchise tax imposed by the State of Texas. The franchise tax rate is 0.8%, calculated on taxable margin. Taxable margin is defined as total revenue less deductions for cost of goods sold or compensation and benefits in which the total calculated taxable margin cannot exceed 70% of total revenue. Tax expenses related to Texas franchise tax were approximately $322 and $270 for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Tax expenses related to Texas franchise tax were approximately $19 and $459 for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

The Company’s deferred tax position reflects the net tax effects of the temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for income tax reporting. The largest components of the Company’s deferred tax position relate to the Company’s investment in Solaris LLC and net operating loss carryovers. The Company recorded a deferred tax asset and additional paid-in capital for the difference between the book value and the tax basis of the Company’s investment in Solaris LLC. This difference originates from the equity offerings of Class A common stock, exchanges of Solaris LLC Units (together with a corresponding number of shares of Class B common stock) for shares of Class A common stock, and issuances of Class A common stock, and corresponding Solaris LLC Units, in connection with stock-based compensation.

Based on our cumulative earnings history and forecasted future sources of taxable income, we believe that we will be able to realize our deferred tax assets in the future. As the Company reassesses this position in the future, changes in cumulative earnings history, excluding non-recurring charges, or changes to forecasted taxable income may alter this expectation and may result in an increase in the valuation allowance and an increase in the effective tax rate.

The Company evaluates its tax positions and recognizes only tax benefits that, more likely than not, will be sustained upon examination, including resolution of any related appeals or litigation processes, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax position is measured at the largest amount of benefit that has a greater than 50.0% likelihood of being realized upon settlement. As of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company’s uncertain tax benefits totaling $816 are reported as a component of the net deferred tax asset in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. The full balance of unrecognized tax benefits as of June 30, 2020, if recognized, would affect the effective tax rate. However, we do not believe that any of the unrecognized tax benefits will be realized within the coming year. The Company has elected to recognize interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits in income tax expense notwithstanding the fact that, as of June 30, 2020, the Company has not accrued any penalties or interest.

The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”) was enacted on March 27, 2020 in the United States to provide emergency assistance to individuals and businesses affected by the COVID-19 pandemic.  The CARES Act includes temporary changes to both income and non-income based tax laws.  For the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 the impact of the CARES Act was immaterial to the Company’s tax provision.  However, under the CARES Act, the Company is deferring the employer portion of payroll tax payments through December 31, 2020.  Future regulatory guidance under the CARES Act or additional legislation enacted by Congress in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic could impact our tax provision in future periods.

Payables Related to the Tax Receivable Agreement

In connection with Solaris Inc.’s initial public offering (the “IPO” or the “Offering”), Solaris Inc. entered into a Tax Receivable Agreement (the “Tax Receivable Agreement”) with the members of Solaris LLC immediately prior to the IPO (each such person and any permitted transferee, a “TRA Holder,” and together, the “TRA Holders”) on May 17, 2017. This agreement generally provides for the payment by Solaris Inc. to each TRA Holder of 85% of the net cash savings, if any, in United States federal, state and local income tax and franchise tax that Solaris Inc. actually realizes (computed using simplifying assumptions to address the impact of state and local taxes) or is deemed to realize in certain circumstances in periods after the IPO as a result of (i) certain increases in tax basis that occur as a result of Solaris Inc.’s acquisition (or deemed acquisition for United States federal income tax purposes) of all or a portion of such TRA Holder’s Solaris LLC Units in connection with the IPO or pursuant to the exercise of the Redemption Right or the Call Right (each as defined in Solaris LLC’s Second Amended and Restated Limited Liability Company Agreement (the “Solaris LLC Agreement”)) and (ii) imputed interest deemed to be paid by Solaris Inc. as a result of, and additional tax basis arising from, any payments Solaris Inc. makes under the Tax Receivable Agreement. Solaris Inc. will retain the benefit of the remaining 15% of these cash savings. As of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, Solaris Inc. recorded a payable related to the Tax Receivable Agreement of $68,132 and $67,998, respectively, $0 and $1,416 of which has

17

been recorded as a current liability, respectively. The increase in payables related to the Tax Receivable Agreement is a result of Solaris Inc.’s acquisition (or deemed acquisition for United States federal income tax purposes) of Solaris LLC Units from TRA Holders during the three months ended June 30, 2020.

The projection of future taxable income involves significant judgment. Actual taxable income may differ from our estimates, which could significantly impact our liability under the Tax Receivable Agreement. We have recorded a liability for the anticipated payments under the Tax Receivable Agreement related to the tax savings we may realize from certain increases in tax basis and certain tax benefits attributable to imputed interest as a result of Solaris Inc.’s acquisition (or deemed acquisition for United States federal income tax purposes) of Solaris LLC Units in connection with the IPO or pursuant to an exercise of the Redemption Right or the Call Right (each as defined in the Solaris LLC Agreement). If the estimated tax savings decreases our estimate of amounts to be paid under the Tax Receivable Agreement would be reduced. In this scenario, the reduction of the liability under the Tax Receivable Agreement would result in a benefit to our condensed consolidated statement of operations.

11.  Concentrations

For the three months ended June 30, 2020, 2 customers accounted for 11% and 10% of the Company’s revenues. For the three months ended June 30, 2019, 3 customers accounted for 13%, 12%, and 11% of the Company’s revenues. For the six months ended June 30, 2020, 0 customer accounted for more than 10% of the Company’s revenues. For the six months ended June 30, 2019, 4 customers accounted for 14%, 12%, 11% and 11% of the Company’s revenues. As of June 30, 2020, 2 customers accounted 17% and 10% of the Company’s accounts receivable. As of December 31, 2019, 1 customer accounted for 15% of the Company’s accounts receivable.

For the three months ended June 30, 2020, 1 supplier accounted for 40% of the Company’s total purchases. For the three months ended June 30, 2019, 1 supplier accounted for 12% of the Company’s total purchases. For the six months ended June 30, 2020, 1 supplier accounted for 36% of the Company’s total purchases. For the six months ended June 30, 2019, 0 supplier accounted for more than 10% or more of the Company’s total purchases. As of June 30, 2020, 3 suppliers accounted for 19%, 18% and 15% of the Company’s accounts payable. As of December 31, 2019, 1 supplier accounted for 44% of the Company’s accounts payable.

12.  Commitments and Contingencies

In the normal course of business, the Company is subjected to various claims, legal actions, contract negotiations and disputes. The Company provides for losses, if any, in the year in which they can be reasonably estimated. In management’s opinion, there are currently no such matters outstanding that would have a material effect on the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.

Commitment fees on our Revolving Loan are $229 which were calculated based on the unused portion of lender commitments, at the applicable commitment fee rate of 0.25%. See Note 8. “Debt,” for interest requirements per the 2019 Credit Agreement.

Purchase commitments of $460 primarily relate to agreements with our suppliers for material and part purchases to be used in manufacturing or maintenance activities. The purchase commitments represent open purchase orders to our suppliers.

13.  Related Party Transactions

The Company recognizes certain costs incurred in relation to transactions primarily incurred in connection with the amended and restated administrative services agreement, dated May 17, 2017, between Solaris LLC and Solaris Energy Management, LLC, a company partially owned by William A. Zartler, the Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board. These services include rent paid for office space, travel services, personnel, consulting and administrative costs. For the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, Solaris LLC paid $191 and $341, respectively, for these services. For the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, Solaris LLC paid $405 and $619, respectively, for these services. As of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company included $231 and $233, respectively, in prepaid expenses and other current assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. As of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the

18

Company included $58 and $74, respectively, of accruals to related parties in accrued liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

The Company has executed a guarantee of lease agreement with Solaris Energy Management, LLC, a related party of the Company, related to the rental of office space for the Company’s corporate headquarters. The total future guaranty under the guarantee of lease agreement with Solaris Energy Management, LLC is $4,540 as of June 30, 2020. Refer to Note 7. “Leases” for operating lease discussion.

19

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Solaris Oilfield Infrastructure, Inc. (either individually or together with its subsidiaries, as the context requires, “we,” “us,” “our,” “Solaris Inc.” or the “Company”). The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the accompanying financial statements and related notes. The following discussion contains “forward-looking statements” that reflect our plans, estimates, beliefs and expected performance. Our actual results may differ materially from those anticipated as discussed in these forward-looking statements as a result of a variety of risks and uncertainties, including those described above in “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report and “Risk Factors” included in this Quarterly Report and the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 as updated by our subsequent filings with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), all of which are difficult to predict. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the forward-looking events discussed may not occur. We assume no obligation to update any of these forward-looking statements except as otherwise required by law.

Overview

Solaris Inc. is the managing member of Solaris Oilfield Infrastructure, LLC (“Solaris LLC”) and is responsible for all operational, management and administrative decisions relating to Solaris LLC’s business and consolidates the financial results of Solaris LLC and its subsidiaries. Solaris Inc. is a holding company whose sole material asset consists of units in Solaris LLC (“Solaris LLC Units”).

Executive Summary

We design, manufacture and rent specialized equipment which combined with field technician support, logistics services and our software solutions, enables us to provide a service offering that helps oil and natural gas operators and their suppliers drive efficiencies and reduce costs during the completion phase of well development. The majority of our revenue is currently derived from rental and services related to our patented mobile proppant management systems that unload, store and deliver proppant used in hydraulic fracturing of oil and natural gas wells, as well as coordinating the delivery of proppant to the well site. Our systems are deployed in most of the active oil and natural gas basins in the United States. We continuously innovate and enhance our offerings.

Recent Trends and Outlook

Demand for our products and services is predominantly driven by the level of onshore oil and natural gas well drilling and completion activity, in the United States, which, in turn, is determined by the current and anticipated profitability of developing oil and natural gas reserves.

Due to a combination of geopolitical and the Coronavirus 2019 (“COVID-19”) pandemic related pressures on the global supply-demand balance for crude oil and related products, as well as the actions taken by a number of global oil producers, commodity prices have significantly declined in recent months, and oil and gas operators have reduced development budgets and activity. During the second quarter 2020, continued containment measures and responsive actions to the COVID-19 pandemic continue to result in severe declines in general economic activity and energy demand. As a result, the global economy has experienced a slowing of economic growth, disruption of global manufacturing supply chains, stagnation of crude oil and natural gas consumption and interference with workforce continuity. As cities, states and countries continue easing the confinement restrictions, the risk for the resurgence and recurrence of COVID-19 remains. The reinstatement of containment measures could potentially lead to an extended period of reduced demand for crude oil and natural gas commodities, as well as assert further pressure on the global economy. Our revenues have decreased as a result of these lower activity levels. In response, we have reduced direct operating costs and SG&A expenses, including reducing workforce levels across the Company and lowered our capital expenditures.

The risks associated with COVID-19 have impacted our workforce and the way we meet our business objectives. In response to COVID-19 we have implemented certain health and safety guidelines which are consistent with guidelines proscribed by the Centers for Disease Control and other authorities, as well as those requested by certain of our customers. Due to concerns over health and safety, we have asked our non-essential employees to work remotely until further notice. Working remotely and under our revised policies has not significantly impacted our ability to maintain

20

operations or caused us to incur significant additional expenses; however, we are unable to predict the duration or ultimate impact of these measures.

Solaris Inc.’s fully utilized system count averaged 20 systems in the second quarter of 2020, down approximately 76% from the first quarter of 2020 and 84% from the second quarter of 2019. This compares to the Baker Hughes US Land rig count which was down 64% at the end of second quarter 2020 from the end of first quarter of 2020 and down 73% from the end of second quarter of 2019.

We believe that due to the current pricing environment and reduction in oil and gas development budgets, drilling and completions activity will continue to remain at depressed levels during the third quarter although we expect a modest improvement from second quarter levels. Absent significant changes in markets share, we expect our activity should continue to follow the general trends of the US land drilling and completion activity.

In response to the decline in commodity prices and activity levels, we have reduced direct operating costs and SG&A expenses, including reducing workforce levels across the Company and lowered our 2020 capital expenditures budget to $5-10 million from $10 million or below previously. We continue to evaluate ways to increase flexibility and efficiency in our cost structure considering these unprecedented and uncertain time.

We have also seen an increase in the number of distressed companies in the sector which has resulted in several companies filing for bankruptcy or delaying payment to vendors. We continue to monitor the credit risk of our customers and take preventative and precautionary measures to protect the balance of any outstanding receivables.

How We Generate Revenue

We generate the majority of our revenue through the rental of our systems and related services, including transportation of our systems, field supervision and support, as well as coordinating the delivery of proppant to the wellsite. The system rental and provision of related services are performed under a variety of contract structures, primarily master service agreements as supplemented by individual work orders detailing statements of work, pricing agreements and specific quotes. The master service agreements generally establish terms and conditions for the provision of our systems and service on a well site, indemnification, damages, confidentiality, intellectual property protection and payment terms and provisions. The rentals and services are generally priced based on prevailing market conditions at the time the services are provided, giving consideration to the specific requirements and activity levels of the customer. We typically charge our customers for the rental of our systems and related services on a monthly basis.

Costs of Conducting Our Business

The principal costs associated with operating our business are:

Cost of system rental (excluding depreciation and amortization);
Cost of system services (excluding depreciation and amortization);
Cost of transloading operations and services (excluding depreciation and amortization);
Cost of software inventory management services (excluding depreciation and amortization);
Depreciation and amortization associated primarily with the costs to build our systems;
Selling, general and administrative expenses; and
Other operating expenses.

Our cost of system rental (excluding depreciation and amortization) consists primarily of the costs of maintaining our equipment, developing and maintaining our Solaris Lens software, as well as insurance and property taxes related to our equipment.

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Our cost of system services (excluding depreciation and amortization) consists primarily of labor costs, and related travel and lodging expenses, and system transportation costs. A large portion of our cost of system services (excluding depreciation and amortization) are variable based on the number of systems deployed with customers.

Our cost of transloading services (excluding depreciation and amortization) consists primarily of labor costs, fuel, utilities and maintenance.

Our cost of software inventory management services (excluding depreciation and amortization) consists primarily of labor costs and software subscriptions.

Our depreciation and amortization expense primarily consists of the depreciation expense related to our systems and related manufacturing machinery and equipment. The costs to build our systems, including any upgrades, are capitalized and depreciated over a life ranging from three to 15 years.

Our selling, general and administrative expenses are comprised of the salaries and related benefits for several functional areas of our organization, including sales and commercial, accounting and corporate administrative, as well as office rent, marketing expenses and third-party professional service providers.

How We Evaluate Our Operations

We use a variety of qualitative, operational and financial metrics to assess our performance. Among other measures, management considers revenue, revenue days, fully utilized system count, tons transloaded, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA.

Revenue

We analyze our revenue by comparing actual monthly revenue to our internal projections for a given period and to prior periods to assess our performance. We also assess our revenue in relation to the number of systems we have deployed to customers.

Fully Utilized System Count

The fully utilized system count is calculated as the total number of revenue days divided by the number of days in the period. We view the fully utilized system count as the best measure to track utilization and changes in rental activity on a period-over-period basis as the majority of our systems are rented on a monthly basis.

EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA

We view EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA as important indicators of performance. We define EBITDA as net income, plus (i) depreciation and amortization expense, (ii) interest expense and (iii) income tax expense, including franchise taxes. We define Adjusted EBITDA as EBITDA plus (i) stock-based compensation expense and (ii) certain non-cash items and any extraordinary, unusual or non-recurring gains, losses or expenses.

Note Regarding Non-GAAP Financial Measures

EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are not financial measures presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”). We believe that the presentation of these non-GAAP financial measures will provide useful information to investors in assessing our financial condition and results of operations. Net income (loss) is the GAAP measure most directly comparable to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA. Our non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered as alternatives to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure. Each of these non-GAAP financial measures has important limitations as analytical tools because they exclude some but not all items that affect the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures. You should not consider EBITDA or Adjusted EBITDA in isolation or as substitutes for an analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. Because EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA may be defined differently by other companies in our industry, our definitions of these non-GAAP financial measures may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies, thereby diminishing their utility.

22

Results of Operations

Three Months Ended June 30, 2020 Compared to Three Months Ended June 30, 2019

Three Months Ended

June 30, 

    

2020

    

2019

    

Change

(in thousands)

Revenue

 

  

 

  

 

  

System rental

$

5,463

$

39,740

$

(34,277)

System services

 

3,419

 

19,031

 

(15,612)

Transloading services

264

4,881

(4,617)

Inventory software services

192

449

(257)

Total revenue

 

9,339

 

64,101

 

(54,762)

Operating costs and expenses:

 

  

 

  

 

  

Cost of system rental (excluding depreciation and amortization)

 

823

 

2,552

 

(1,729)

Cost of system services (excluding depreciation and amortization)

 

6,013

 

21,675

 

(15,662)

Cost of transloading services (excluding depreciation and amortization)

202

 

689

 

(487)

Cost of inventory software services (excluding depreciation and amortization)

122

 

165

���

 

(43)

Depreciation and amortization

 

6,671

 

6,622

 

49

Selling, general and administrative (excluding depreciation and amortization)

 

3,967

 

5,006

 

(1,039)

Other operating expenses

2,274

69

2,205

Total operating costs and expenses

 

20,072

 

36,778

 

(16,706)

Operating income (loss)

 

(10,733)

 

27,323

 

(38,056)

Interest income, net

 

(35)

 

(656)

 

621

Total other income

 

(35)

 

(656)

 

621

Income (loss) before income tax expense

 

(10,768)

 

26,667

 

(37,435)

Benefit (provision) for income taxes

 

1,272

 

(4,158)

 

5,430

Net income (loss)

(9,496)

22,509

(32,005)

Less: net (income) loss related to non-controlling interests

3,956

(9,234)

13,190

Net income (loss) attributable to Solaris

$

(5,540)

$

13,275

$

(18,815)

Revenue

System Rental Revenue. Our system rental revenue decreased $34.3 million, or 86%, to $5.5 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $39.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2019. This decrease was primarily due to an 84% decrease in mobile proppant systems on a fully utilized basis, due to severe contraction in oil company budgets and completion activities, in response to global oil market volatility.

System Services Revenue. Our system services revenue decreased $15.6 million, or 82%, to $3.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $19.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2019. System services revenue decreased due to a decrease in services provided to coordinate proppant delivered into our systems, as well as a decrease in billable system transportation and field technician services as a result of the decrease in fully utilized systems.

Transloading Services Revenue. Our transloading services revenue decreased $4.6 million, or 94%, to $0.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $4.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2019. This decrease was primarily due to recognition of $3.2 million of deferred revenue in the three months ended June 30, 2019 as well as a decrease in the number of tons transloaded at our Kingfisher Facility.

23

Operating Expenses

Total operating costs and expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 were $20.1 million and $36.7 million, respectively, which represented 215% and 57% of total revenue, respectively. The decrease in total operating costs and expenses are primarily related to lower costs necessary to support lower fully utilized systems. The increase in total operating costs and expenses as a percentage of total revenues is related to certain fixed costs that do not fluctuate proportionately with system activities and decline as utilization declines including depreciation, insurance property taxes and other overhead costs.

Cost of System Rental (excluding depreciation and amortization). Cost of system rental decreased $1.7 million, or 65%, to $0.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $2.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2019, excluding depreciation and amortization expense. Cost of system rental decreased primarily due to a decrease in maintenance expense in relation to a decrease in mobile proppant systems on a fully utilized basis.

Cost of System Services (excluding depreciation and amortization). Cost of system services decreased $15.7 million, or 72%, to $6.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $21.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2019. This decrease was primarily due to a decrease in services provided to coordinate proppant delivered to systems as well as a decrease in field support activity and third-party trucking services required to support fewer fully utilized systems.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses (excluding depreciation and amortization). Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased $1.0 million, or 20%, to $4.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $5.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2019 due primarily to cost cutting measures, including headcount, salary and support cost reductions, in response to the reduction in industry activity.

Provision for Income Taxes. During the three months ended June 30, 2020, we recognized a combined United States federal and state benefit for income taxes of $1.3 million, an increase of $5.4 million as compared to the $4.2 million income tax expense we recognized during the three months ended June 30, 2019. This change was attributable to lower operating income. The effective combined United States federal and state income tax rates were 11.8% and 15.4% for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. For the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, our effective tax rate differed from the statutory rate primarily due to Solaris LLC’s treatment as a partnership for United States federal income tax purposes.

Net Income (Loss)

Net income (loss) decreased $32.0 million, or 142%, to a net loss of $9.5 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to net income of $22.5 million for the three months ended June 30, 2019, due to the changes in revenues and expenses discussed above.

Comparison of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

We view EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA as important indicators of performance. We define EBITDA as net income, plus (i) depreciation and amortization expense, (ii) interest expense and (iii) income tax expense, including franchise taxes. We define Adjusted EBITDA as EBITDA plus (i) stock-based compensation expense and (ii) certain non-cash items and any extraordinary, unusual or non-recurring gains, losses or expenses.

We believe that our presentation of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA will provide useful information to investors in assessing our financial condition and results of operations. Net income is the GAAP measure most directly comparable to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered alternatives to net income presented in accordance with GAAP. Because EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA may be defined differently by other companies in our industry, our definitions of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to similarly

24

titled measures of other companies, thereby diminishing their utility. The following table presents a reconciliation of Net income to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA for each of the periods indicated.

Three months ended

June 30, 

    

2020

    

2019

    

Change

(in thousands)

Net income (loss)

    

$

(9,496)

    

$

22,509

    

$

(32,005)

Depreciation and amortization

 

6,671

 

6,622

 

49

Interest (income) expense, net

 

35

 

656

 

(621)

Income taxes (1)

 

(1,272)

 

4,158

 

(5,430)

EBITDA

$

(4,062)

$

33,945

$

(38,007)

Stock-based compensation expense (2)

 

1,326

 

1,178

 

148

Loss on disposal of assets

1,345

71

1,274

Severance expense and other

211

211

Credit losses

740

740

Write-off of debt issuance costs (3)

528

(528)

Transload contract termination (4)

(3,169)

3,169

Adjusted EBITDA

$

(440)

$

32,553

$

(32,993)

(1)United States federal and state income taxes.
(2)Represents stock-based compensation expense related to restricted stock awards.
(3)Write-off of certain unamortized debt issuance when the Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated as of January 19, 2018, was replaced in its entirety by the Agreement 2019 Credit Agreement.
(4)Deferred revenue related to full termination of a sand storage agreement; no deferred revenue balance remained as of December 31, 2019.

Three Months Ended June 30, 2020 Compared to Three Months Ended June 30, 2019: EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA

EBITDA decreased $38. million to ($4.0) million for the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $33.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2019. Adjusted EBITDA decreased $33.0 million to ($0.4) million for the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $32.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2019. The decreases in EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA were primarily due to the changes in revenues and expenses, discussed above.

25

Six Months Ended June 30, 2020 Compared to Six Months Ended June 30, 2019

Six Months Ended

June 30, 

    

2020

    

2019

    

Change

(in thousands)

Revenue

 

  

 

  

 

  

System rental

$

31,522

$

77,088

$

(45,566)

System services

 

24,376

 

30,468

 

(6,092)

Transloading services

729

10,714

(9,985)

Inventory software services

542

955

(413)

Total revenue

 

57,169

 

119,225

 

(62,056)

Operating costs and expenses:

 

  

 

  

 

  

Cost of system rental (excluding depreciation and amortization)

 

2,836

 

4,899

 

(2,063)

Cost of system services (excluding depreciation and amortization)

 

30,143

 

35,294

 

(5,151)

Cost of transloading services (excluding depreciation and amortization)

540

 

1,399

 

(859)

Cost of inventory software services (excluding depreciation and amortization)

267

300

(33)

Depreciation and amortization

 

13,785

 

12,967

 

818

Selling, general and administrative (excluding depreciation and amortization)

 

8,373

 

9,034

 

(661)

Impairment Loss

47,828

47,828

Other operating expenses

3,472

282

3,190

Total operating costs and expenses

 

107,244

 

64,175

 

43,069

Operating income (loss)

 

(50,075)

 

55,050

 

(105,125)

Interest income (expense), net

 

76

 

(767)

 

843

Total other expense (income)

 

76

 

(767)

 

843

Income (loss) before income tax expense

 

(49,999)

 

54,283

 

(104,282)

Benefit (provision) for income taxes

 

7,350

 

(8,339)

 

15,689

Net income (loss)

(42,649)

45,944

(88,593)

Less: net (income) loss related to non-controlling interests

18,026

(20,352)

38,378

Net income (loss) attributable to Solaris

$

(24,623)

$

25,592

$

(50,215)

Revenue

System Rental Revenue. Our system rental revenue decreased $45.6 million, or 59%, to $31.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $77.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019. This decrease was primarily due to a 62% decrease in the number of mobile proppant systems deployed on a fully utilized basis, due primarily to lower rig count and hydraulic fracturing activities resulting from the impact of volatility in global oil markets driven by significant reductions in demand for oil due to COVID-19 and certain actions by oil producers globally.

System Services Revenue. Our system services revenue decreased $6.1 million, or 20%, to $24.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $30.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019. System services revenue increased $7.0 million due to an increase in services provided to coordinate proppant delivered into our systems, and was offset by a decrease of $13.1 million in billable system transportation and field technician services as a result of the decrease in fully utilized systems.

Transloading Services Revenue. Our transloading services revenue decreased $10.0 million, or 93%, to $0.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $10.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019. This decrease was primarily due to recognition of $6.3 million of deferred revenue in the six months ended June 30, 2019 as well as a decrease in the number of tons transloaded at our Kingfisher Facility.

26

Operating Expenses

Total operating costs and expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 were $107.2 million and $64.2 million, respectively, which represented 187% and 54% of total revenue, respectively. The increase in total operating costs and expenses as well as the increase in total operating costs as a percentage of total revenue are primarily related to impairment losses. Additional details regarding the changes in operating expenses are presented below.

Cost of System Rental (excluding depreciation and amortization). Cost of system rental decreased $2.1 million, or 43%, to $2.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $4.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019, excluding depreciation and amortization expense. Cost of system rental as a percentage of system rental revenue was 9% and 6% for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Cost of system rental decreased primarily due to a decrease in maintenance expense in relation to a decrease in mobile proppant systems on a fully utilized basis. Cost of system rental as a percentage of system revenue increased as a result of certain fixed costs that do not decrease proportionately based on utilization.

Cost of System Services (excluding depreciation and amortization). Cost of system services decreased $5.2 million, or 15%, to $30.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $35.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019. This decrease is related to an increase in services provided to coordinate proppant delivered to systems offset by a decrease in field support activity and third-party trucking services required to support fewer fully utilized systems. For the six months ended June 30, 2020, the cost of system services as a percentage of system services revenue increased to 124% compared to 116% for the six months ended June 30, 2019.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses (excluding depreciation and amortization). Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased $0.7 million, or 8%, to $8.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $9.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019 due primarily to increases in credit losses offset by decreases due to cost cutting measures taken in response to the reduction in industry activity.

Impairment losses. As a result of risks and uncertainties associated with volatility in global oil markets driven by significant reductions in demand for oil due to COVID-19 and certain actions by oil producers globally and the expected impact on our businesses, operations, earnings and results, we recorded impairments losses and other charges of $37.8 million, $4.2 million, $2.8 million, $2.6 million and $0.4 million in relation to property, plant and equipment, goodwill, ROU assets, inventories and other assets, respectively, in the six months ended June 30, 2020.

Provision for Income Taxes. During the six months ended June 30, 2020, we recognized a combined United States federal and state benefit for income taxes of $7.4 million, an increase of $15.7 million as compared to the $8.3 million income tax expense we recognized during the six months ended June 30, 2019. This change was attributable to lower operating income. The effective combined United States federal and state income tax rates were 14.7% and 15.3% for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, our effective tax rate differed from the statutory rate primarily due to Solaris LLC’s treatment as a partnership for United States federal income tax purposes.

Net Income (Loss)

Net income (loss) decreased $88.6 million, or 193%, to a net loss of $42.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to net income of $45.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019, due to the changes in revenues and expenses discussed above.

Comparison of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

We view EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA as important indicators of performance. We define EBITDA as net income, plus (i) depreciation and amortization expense, (ii) interest expense and (iii) income tax expense, including franchise taxes. We define Adjusted EBITDA as EBITDA plus (i) stock-based compensation expense and (ii) certain non-cash items and any extraordinary, unusual or non-recurring gains, losses or expenses.

We believe that our presentation of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA will provide useful information to investors in assessing our financial condition and results of operations. Net income is the GAAP measure most directly comparable

27

to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered alternatives to net income presented in accordance with GAAP. Because EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA may be defined differently by other companies in our industry, our definitions of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies, thereby diminishing their utility. The following table presents a reconciliation of Net income to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA for each of the periods indicated.

Six months ended

June 30, 

    

2020

    

2019

    

Change

(in thousands)

Net income (loss)

    

$

(42,649)

    

$

45,944

    

$

(88,593)

Depreciation and amortization

 

13,785

 

12,967

 

818

Interest expense, net

 

(76)

 

767

 

(843)

Income taxes (1)

 

(7,350)

 

8,339

 

(15,689)

EBITDA

$

(36,290)

$

68,017

$

(104,307)

Stock-based compensation expense (2)

2,656

2,040

616

Loss on disposal of assets

1,413

284

1,129

Impairment loss

47,828

47,828

Severance expense and other

542

542

Credit losses

1,451

1,451

Write-off of debt issuance costs (3)

528

(528)

Transload contract termination (4)

(6,303)

6,303

Adjusted EBITDA

$

17,600

$

64,566

$

(46,966)

________________________________________

1)United States federal and state income taxes.
2)Represents stock-based compensation expense related to restricted stock awards.
3)Write-off of certain unamortized debt issuance when the Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated as of January 19, 2018, was replaced in its entirety by the Agreement 2019 Credit Agreement.
4)Deferred revenue related to full termination of a sand storage agreement; no deferred revenue balance remained as of December 31, 2019.

Six Months Ended June 30, 2020 Compared to Six Months Ended June 30, 2019: EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA

EBITDA decreased $104.3 million to ($36.3) million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $68.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019. Adjusted EBITDA decreased $47.0 million to $17.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $64.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA decreased 153% and 73% for the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively. The decreases in EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA were primarily due to the changes in revenues and expenses, including impairment losses, discussed above.

28

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Overview

Our capital structure and financing strategy are designed to provide sufficient liquidity to meet our short-term working capital and capital expenditure requirements. Our primary uses of capital have been capital expenditures to expand our proppant and chemical management system fleets, acquire our manufacturing facility and certain intellectual property, pay dividends and repurchase stock. We strive to maintain financial flexibility and proactively monitor potential capital sources, including equity and debt financing, to meet our investment and target liquidity requirements and to permit us to manage the cyclicality associated with our industry and the current risks and uncertainties associated with volatility in global oil markets and the expected impact on our businesses, operations, earnings and results.

We intend to finance most of our capital expenditures, contractual obligations and working capital needs with our current cash balance, cash generated from future operations and borrowings under our 2019 Credit Agreement (as defined in “—Debt Agreements”). We continuously evaluate our capital expenditures and the amount we ultimately spend will depend on a number of factors, including expected industry activity levels and company initiatives. In response to the decline in commodity prices and the COVID-19 pandemic, we lowered 2020 capital expenditures budget from $20.0 to $40.0 million to $10 million or less. We believe that our operating cash flow, cash balance, and available borrowings under our 2019 Credit Agreement will be sufficient to fund our operations for at least the next 12 months.

As of June 30, 2020, cash and cash equivalents totaled $63.6 million, and we had zero drawn and $50 million of available borrowings under the 2019 Credit Agreement.

Cash Flows

The following table summarizes our cash flows for the periods indicated:

Six Months Ended

June 30, 

Change

2020

2019

2020 vs. 2019

(in thousands)

Net cash provided by operating activities

    

$

34,323

    

$

57,439

$

(23,116)

Net cash used in investing activities

$

(845)

$

(28,679)

$

27,834

Net cash used in financing activities

$

(36,728)

$

(24,098)

$

(12,630)

Net change in cash

$

(3,250)

$

4,662

$

(7,912)

Analysis of Cash Flow Changes for Six Months Ended June 30, 2020 Compared to Six Months Ended June 30, 2019

Operating Activities. Net cash provided by operating activities was $34.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020, compared to net cash provided by operating activities of $57.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019. The decrease of $23.1 million in operating cash flow was primarily attributable to changes in working capital items, lower revenues and EBITDA.

Investing Activities. Net cash used in investing activities was $0.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020, compared to net cash used in investing activities of $(28.7) million for the six months ended June 30, 2019. Investing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2020 include system enhancements offset by the sale of assets. Investing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2019 include manufacturing of new proppant and chemical systems, including work process.

Financing Activities. Net cash used in financing activities of $(36.7) million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 was primarily related to $26.7 million of share repurchases and quarterly dividends of $9.5 million.

Net cash used in financing activities of $24.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019 was primarily related to $13.0 million to repay borrowings under the Company’s Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated as of January 19, 2018, by and among the Company, as borrower, each of the lender parties thereto and Woodforest National

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Bank, as administrative agent, which such agreement was replaced, in its entirety, by the 2019 Credit Agreement, and $9.5 million for quarterly dividends.

Capital Sources

Senior Secured Credit Facility

See Note 8. “Debt– Senior Secured Credit Facility” to our condensed consolidated financial statements as of June 30, 2020, for a discussion of senior secured credit facility.

Contractual Obligations

We had no material changes in our contractual commitments and obligations during the three months ended June 30, 2020 from the amounts listed under Part II, Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Contractual Obligations” in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K. See Note 8, “Debt” and Note 12, “Commitments and Contingencies” to our condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

See Part II, Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates” in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

See Note 2. “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies – Accounting Standards Recently Adopted” to our condensed consolidated financial statements as of June 30, 2020, for a discussion of recent accounting pronouncements.

Under the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act (the “JOBS Act”), we meet the definition of an “emerging growth company,” which allows us to have an extended transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards pursuant to Section 107(b) of the JOBS Act, however, we elected to opt out of such exemption (this election is irrevocable).

Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

We have no material off balance sheet arrangements. As such, we are not materially exposed to any financing, liquidity, market or credit risk that could arise if we had engaged in such financing arrangements.

Item 3.Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

Market risk is the risk of loss arising from adverse changes in market rates and prices. Currently, our market risks relate to potential changes in the fair value of our long lived assets and long-term debt due to fluctuations in applicable market interest rates. Going forward our market risk exposure generally will be limited to those risks that arise in the normal course of business, as we do not engage in speculative, non-operating transactions, nor do we utilize financial instruments or derivative instruments for trading purposes. Please see Part II, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” for more information regarding market risks.

Commodity Price Risk

The market for our services is indirectly exposed to fluctuations in the supply, demand and prices of crude oil and natural gas to the extent such fluctuations impact drilling and completion activity levels and thus impact the activity levels of our customers in the exploration and production and oilfield services industries. We do not currently intend to hedge our indirect exposure to commodity price risk. Please see Part II, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” for more information regarding commodity price risks.

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Credit Risk

The majority of our accounts receivable have payment terms of 60 days or less. As of June 30, 2020, two customers collectively accounted for 27% of our total accounts receivable. As of December 31, 2019, two customers collectively accounted for 24% of our total accounts receivable. We mitigate the associated credit risk by performing credit evaluations and monitoring the payment patterns of our customers. Please see Part II, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” for more information regarding credit risk of our customers.

Item 4.Controls and Procedures

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

In accordance with Exchange Act Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15, we have evaluated, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of June 30, 2020. Our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance that the information required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure and is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the SEC. Based on the evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of June 30, 2020, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer have concluded that, as of such date, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There were no changes in our system of internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) and Rule 15d15(f) under the Exchange Act) during the quarter ended June 30, 2020 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1.        Legal Proceedings

Due to the nature of our business, we may become, from time to time, involved in routine litigation or subject to disputes or claims related to our business activities. In the opinion of our management, there are no pending litigation, disputes or claims against us which, if decided adversely, will have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, cash flows or results of operations.

Item 1A.      Risk Factors

The following are certain risk factors that affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. Many of these risks are beyond our control. These risk factors should be considered in connection with evaluating the forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones that we face. Factors that could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results or liquidity and the trading price of our Class A common stock are described under the caption “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, as filed with the SEC on February 29, 2020. This information should be considered carefully, together with other information in this report and other reports and materials we file with the SEC. If any of the events described below were to actually occur, our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows could be adversely affected and our results could differ materially from expected and historical results, any of which may also adversely affect the holders of our stock.

Risks Related to Our Business

Our business depends on domestic capital spending by the oil and natural gas industry, and reductions in capital spending could have a material adverse effect on our liquidity, results of operations and financial condition.

Our business is directly affected by capital spending to explore for, develop and produce oil and natural gas in the United States. The oil and natural gas industry is cyclical and historically has experienced periodic downturns in activity, and continues to be volatile. Beginning in February 2020, there has been a severe drop in the price of oil. As of March 31, 2020, the price of WTI oil was $20.48 per barrel and the Henry Hub price for natural gas was $1.64 per MMBtu. As of June 30, 2020, the price of WTI oil was $39.27 per barrel and the Henry Hub price for natural gas was $1.61 per MMBtu. The recent significant decline in crude oil prices has largely been attributable to the actions of global oil producers, which have resulted in a substantial decrease in oil and natural gas prices, and the global outbreak of COVID-19, which has reduced demand for oil and natural gas because of significantly reduced global and national economic activity. The prolonged volatility and low levels of oil and natural gas prices have depressed levels of exploration, development, and production activity, and if the drop in oil and natural gas prices we have experienced in 2020 continues or further declines, certain of our customers may be unable to pay their vendors and service providers, including us, as a result of the decline in commodity prices. Reduced activity in our areas of operation as a result of decreased capital spending could also have a negative long-term impact on our business, even in an environment of stronger oil and natural gas prices.

Factors affecting the prices of oil and natural gas include: the level of supply and demand for oil and natural gas, worldwide; governmental regulations, including the policies of governments regarding the exploration for and production and development of their oil and natural gas reserves; weather conditions, natural disasters, and health or similar issues, such as pandemics or epidemics; worldwide political, military, and economic conditions; the ability or willingness of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (“OPEC”) and non-OPEC countries, such as Russia, to set and maintain oil production levels; the levels of oil production in the U.S. and by other non-OPEC countries; oil refining capacity and shifts in end-customer preferences toward fuel efficiency and the use of natural gas; the cost of producing and delivering oil and natural gas; and acceleration of the development of, and demand for, alternative energy sources. Any announcement by an OPEC or non-OPEC country regarding a significant reduction in export prices or an unwillingness to extend or agree to production cuts could contribute to significant declines or continued depression in the price of oil.

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The COVID-19 pandemic that began in early 2020 provides an illustrative example of how a pandemic or epidemic can also impact our operations and business by reducing global and national economic activity resulting in a decline in the demand for oil and for our products and services, and affecting the health of our workforce and rendering employees unable to work or travel. The price of oil has fallen significantly since the beginning of 2020, due in part to the factors discussed above and to concerns about COVID-19 and its impact on the worldwide economy and demand for oil. In addition, if a pandemic or epidemic such as the COVID-19 pandemic were to impact a location where we have a high concentration of business and resources, our local workforce could be affected by such an occurrence or outbreak which could also significantly disrupt our operations and decrease our ability to provide services and products to our customers. The duration of the business disruption and related financial impact from COVID-19 cannot be reasonably estimated at this time. If the impact of COVID-19 continues for an extended period of time, it could materially adversely affect the demand for our products and services and our ability to operate our business in the manner and on the timelines previously planned. The extent to which COVID-19 or other health pandemics or epidemics may impact our results will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted.

In addition, industry conditions are generally influenced by numerous factors over which we have no control, including:

expected economic returns to exploration and production (“E&P”) companies of new well completions;
domestic and foreign economic conditions and supply of and demand for oil and natural gas;
the level of prices, and expectations about future prices, of oil and natural gas;
the level of global oil and natural gas exploration and production;
the level of domestic and global oil and natural gas inventories;
the supply of and demand for hydraulic fracturing and equipment in the United States;
federal, state and local regulation of hydraulic fracturing activities, as well as exploration and production activities, including public pressure on governmental bodies and regulatory agencies to regulate our industry or prohibit exploration and production activities on federal lands or in federal waters;
United States federal, tribal, state and local and non-United States governmental laws, regulations and taxes, including the policies of governments regarding the exploration for and production and development of their oil and natural gas reserves;
technical difficulties or failures;
changes in the price and availability of transportation;
shortages or late deliveries of qualified personnel, equipment or supplies;
political and economic conditions in oil and natural gas producing countries;
actions by the members of OPEC with respect to oil production levels and announcements of potential changes in such levels, including the failure of such countries to comply with production cuts;
global weather conditions and natural disasters;
worldwide political, military and economic conditions;
the cost of producing and delivering oil and natural gas;
lead times associated with acquiring equipment and products and availability of qualified personnel;

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the discovery rates of new oil and natural gas reserves;
stockholder activism or activities by non-governmental organizations to limit certain sources of funding for the energy sector or restrict the exploration, development and production of oil and natural gas;
the availability of water resources, suitable proppant and chemical additives in sufficient quantities for use in hydraulic fracturing fluids;
advances in exploration, development and production technologies or in technologies affecting energy consumption;
the potential acceleration of development of alternative fuels;
significant changes in the rail industry or the rail lines that service our business, such as increased regulation, embargoes and disruption in service;
uncertainty in capital and commodities markets and the ability of oil and natural gas companies to raise equity capital and debt financing; and
global or national health concerns, including health epidemics such as the outbreak of COVID-19 at the beginning of 2020.

Reliance upon a few large customers may adversely affect our revenue and operating results.

During the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, our top three customers collectively represented approximately 39% and 35%, respectively, of our consolidated revenue. It is likely that we will continue to derive a significant portion of our revenue from a relatively small number of customers in the future. As a result of the recent COVID-19 outbreak or other adverse public health developments, including voluntary and mandatory quarantines, travel restrictions and other restrictions, as well as the precipitous decline in oil prices and resulting reduction of capital budgets, the operations of our customers have and may continue to experience delays or disruptions and temporary suspensions of operations. If a major customer fails to pay us or ceases operations, revenue would be impacted and our operating results and financial condition could be materially harmed. Additionally, prolonged volatility and low levels of oil and natural gas prices could result in certain potential customers in our addressable market filing for bankruptcy or ceasing operations, either of which could reduce our ability to replace a major customer’s level of activity with us. We typically do not enter into long-term contractual agreements with our customers and if we were to lose any material customer, we may not be able to redeploy our equipment at similar utilization or pricing levels or within a short period of time and such loss could have a material adverse effect on our business until the equipment is redeployed at similar utilization or pricing levels.

Events outside of our control, including a pandemic, epidemic or outbreak of an infectious disease, such as the recent global outbreak of COVID-19, have materially adversely affected, and may further materially adversely affect, our business.

We face risks related to pandemics, epidemics, outbreaks or other public health events that are outside of our control, and could significantly disrupt our operations and adversely affect our financial condition. For example, the recent global outbreak of COVID-19 has reduced demand for oil and natural gas because of significantly reduced global and national economic activity. In addition, the impact of COVID-19 or other public health events may adversely affect our operations or the health of our workforce and the workforces of our customers and service providers by rendering employees or contractors unable to work or unable to access our and their facilities for an indefinite period of time. On March 13, 2020, the United States declared the COVID-19 pandemic a national emergency, and several states, including Texas, and municipalities have declared public health emergencies. Along with these declarations, there have been extraordinary and wide-ranging actions taken by international, federal, state and local public health and governmental authorities to contain and combat the outbreak and spread of COVID-19 in regions across the United States and the world, including mandates for many individuals to substantially restrict daily activities and for many businesses to

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curtail or cease normal operations. To the extent COVID-19 continues or worsens, governments may impose additional similar restrictions.

The public health concerns posed by COVID-19 could also pose a risk to our employees and may render our employees unable to work or travel. The extent to which COVID-19 may impact our employees, and subsequently our business, cannot be predicted at this time.

In addition, the technology required for the corresponding transition to remote work increases our vulnerability to cybersecurity threats, including threats to gain unauthorized access to sensitive information or to render data or systems unusable, the impact of which may have material adverse effects on our business and operations. See “Item 1A. Risk Factors— Risks Related to Our Business— We are subject to cyber security risks. A cyber incident could occur and result in information theft, data corruption, operational disruption and/or financial loss” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

As the potential impact from COVID-19 is difficult to predict, the extent to which it may negatively affect our operating results or the duration of any potential business disruption is uncertain. Any potential impact will depend on future developments and new information that may emerge regarding the severity and duration of COVID-19 and the actions taken by authorities to contain it or treat its impact, all of which are beyond our control. These potential impacts, while uncertain, could adversely affect our operating results.

Item 2.        Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities

None.

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

During the current quarter, we repurchased the shares of Class A Common Stock as shown in the table below, to satisfy tax withholding obligations upon the vesting of restricted stock awarded to certain of our employees:

Total Number of

Average Price

Shares

Paid Per

Period

Purchased

Share

April 1 - April 30

1,944

$

5.27

May 1 - May 31

16,483

5.63

June 1 - June 30

782

8.39

Total

19,209

$

5.71

Item 3.Defaults upon Senior Securities

None.

Item 4.Mine Safety Disclosures

None.

Item 5.Other Information

None.

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Item 6.Exhibits

Exhibit No.

Description

3.1

Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of Solaris Oilfield Infrastructure, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Registrant’s Form 8-K (File No. 001-38090) filed with the Commission on May 23, 2017).

3.2

Amended and Restated Bylaws of Solaris Oilfield Infrastructure, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the Registrant’s Form 8-K (File No. 001-38090) filed with the Commission on May 23, 2017).

31.1*

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

31.2*

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

32.1**

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

32.2**

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

101.INS*

XBRL Instance Document.

101.SCH*

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.

101.CAL*

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.

101.DEF*

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.

101.LAB*

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels Linkbase Document.

101.PRE*

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.

104

Cover Page Interactive Data File – The cover page interactive data file does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document

*     Filed herewith.

**   Furnished herewith. Pursuant to SEC Release No. 33-8212, this certification will be treated as “accompanying” this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and not “filed” as part of such report for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act or otherwise subject to the liability of Section 18 of the Exchange Act, and this certification will not be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act, except to the extent that the registrant specifically incorporates it by reference.

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

SOLARIS OILFIELD INFRASTRUCTURE, INC.

July 30, 2020

By:

/s/ William A. Zartler

William A. Zartler

Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

July 30, 2020

By:

/s/ Kyle S. Ramachandran

Kyle S. Ramachandran

President and Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Financial Officer)

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