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MGY Magnolia Oil & Gas

Filed: 6 Nov 20, 4:21pm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, DC 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
    QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2020
OR
☐    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ___________ to ___________
Commission File Number: 001-38083
Magnolia Oil & Gas Corporation
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
Delaware81-5365682
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
Nine Greenway Plaza, Suite 130077046
Houston,Texas
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (713) 842-9050
Securities registered pursuant to section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A Common Stock, par value $0.0001MGYNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.




Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  
As of November 2, 2020, there were 165,500,753 shares of Class A Common Stock, $0.0001 par value per share, and 85,789,814 shares of Class B Common Stock, $0.0001 par value per share, outstanding.



GLOSSARY OF CERTAIN OTHER TERMS

The following are definitions of certain other terms that are used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q:

The Company or Magnolia. Magnolia Oil & Gas Corporation (either individually or together with its consolidated subsidiaries, as the context requires, including Magnolia Intermediate, Magnolia LLC, Magnolia Operating, and Magnolia Oil & Gas Finance Corp).

Magnolia Intermediate. Magnolia Oil & Gas Intermediate LLC.

Magnolia LLC. Magnolia Oil & Gas Parent LLC.

Magnolia LLC Units. Units representing limited liability company interests in Magnolia LLC.

Magnolia Operating. Magnolia Oil & Gas Operating LLC.

EnerVest. EnerVest Ltd.

Business Combination. The acquisition, which closed on July 31, 2018, of certain right, title, and interest in certain oil and natural gas assets located primarily in the Karnes County portion of the Eagle Ford Shale in South Texas; certain right, title, and interest in certain oil and natural gas assets located primarily in the Giddings area of the Austin Chalk; and a 35% membership interest in Ironwood Eagle Ford Midstream, LLC.

Class A Common Stock. Magnolia’s Class A Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share.

Class B Common Stock. Magnolia’s Class B Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share.

Giddings Assets. Certain right, title, and interest in certain oil and natural gas assets located primarily in the Giddings area of the Austin Chalk formation.

Issuers. Magnolia Operating and Magnolia Oil & Gas Finance Corp., a wholly owned subsidiary of Magnolia Operating.

Karnes County Assets. Certain right, title, and interest in certain oil and natural gas assets located primarily in the Karnes County portion of the Eagle Ford Shale in South Texas.

Karnes County Contributors. EnerVest Energy Institutional Fund XIV-A, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership, EnerVest Energy Institutional Fund XIV-WIC, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership, EnerVest Energy Institutional Fund XIV-2A, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership, EnerVest Energy Institutional Fund XIV-3A, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership, and EnerVest Energy Institutional Fund XIV-C, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership.

RBL Facility. Senior secured reserve-based revolving credit facility.

2026 Senior Notes. 6.0% Senior Notes due 2026.

Services Agreement. That certain Services Agreement, dated as of July 31, 2018, by and between the Company, Magnolia Operating, and EnerVest Operating LLC (“EVOC”), pursuant to which EVOC provides certain services to the Company as described in the agreement.

Stockholder Agreement. The Stockholder Agreement, dated as of July 31, 2018, by and between the Company and the Karnes County Contributors.



Table of Contents
Page
PART I.FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.Financial Statements
Consolidated Balance Sheets
Consolidated Statements of Operations (unaudited)
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity (unaudited)
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited)
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
Item 2.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3.Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4.Controls and Procedures
PART II.OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.Legal Proceedings
Item 1A.Risk Factors
Item 2.Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3.Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4.Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5.Other Information
Item 6.Exhibits
Signatures






PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

Magnolia Oil & Gas Corporation
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands)
September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
ASSETS(Unaudited)(Audited)
CURRENT ASSETS
Cash and cash equivalents$148,533 $182,633 
Accounts receivable61,243 105,775 
Drilling advances473 299 
Other current assets4,613 4,511 
Total current assets214,862 293,218 
PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Oil and natural gas properties2,105,774 3,815,221 
Other4,063 3,087 
Accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization(939,888)(701,551)
Total property, plant and equipment, net1,169,949 3,116,757 
OTHER ASSETS
Deferred financing costs, net6,632 8,390 
Equity method investment21,789 19,730 
Intangible assets, net12,973 23,851 
Other long-term assets8,074 4,460 
TOTAL ASSETS$1,434,279 $3,466,406 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
CURRENT LIABILITIES
Accounts payable$63,475 $79,428 
Other current liabilities (Note 8)
60,987 95,780 
Total current liabilities124,462 175,208 
LONG-TERM LIABILITIES
Long-term debt, net390,787 389,835 
Asset retirement obligations, net of current100,800 93,524 
Deferred taxes, net77,834 
Other long-term liabilities6,049 1,476 
Total long-term liabilities497,636 562,669 
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (Note 10)
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Class A Common Stock, $0.0001 par value, 1,300,000 shares authorized, 168,676 shares issued and 165,576 shares outstanding in 2020 and 168,318 shares issued and 167,318 shares outstanding in 201917 17 
Class B Common Stock, $0.0001 par value, 225,000 shares authorized, 85,790 shares issued and outstanding in 2020 and 2019
Additional paid-in capital1,709,043 1,703,362 
Treasury Stock, at cost, 3,100 shares and 1,000 shares in 2020 and 2019, respectively(23,240)(10,277)
Retained earnings (Accumulated deficit)(1,153,195)82,940 
Noncontrolling interest279,547 952,478 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY$1,434,279 $3,466,406 

The accompanying notes are an integral part to these consolidated financial statements.
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Magnolia Oil & Gas Corporation
Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)
(In thousands, except per share data)
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
REVENUES
Oil revenues$95,677 $207,840 $311,153 $584,009 
Natural gas revenues14,895 21,243 44,238 71,208 
Natural gas liquids revenues10,495 15,716 29,880 51,215 
Total revenues121,067 244,799 385,271 706,432 
OPERATING EXPENSES
Lease operating expenses18,802 24,344 61,275 70,752 
Gathering, transportation, and processing5,771 9,270 20,579 26,016 
Taxes other than income7,331 13,333 22,874 40,825 
Exploration expense701 3,924 563,589 10,017 
Impairment of oil and natural gas properties1,381,258 
Asset retirement obligation accretion1,501 1,394 4,403 4,095 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization44,731 143,894 238,273 385,942 
Amortization of intangible assets3,626 3,626 10,879 10,879 
General and administrative expenses16,663 17,345 50,472 52,651 
Transaction related costs438 
Total operating costs and expenses99,126 217,130 2,353,602 601,615 
OPERATING INCOME (LOSS)21,941 27,669 (1,968,331)104,817 
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)
Income from equity method investee1,007 92 2,059 608 
Interest expense, net(7,333)(6,896)(21,345)(21,611)
Loss on derivatives, net(2,208)(2,208)
Other income (expense), net(51)21 (510)
Total other income (expense)(8,585)(6,783)(22,004)(20,995)
INCOME (LOSS) BEFORE INCOME TAXES13,356 20,886 (1,990,335)83,822 
Income tax expense (benefit)(339)3,529 (79,340)12,449 
NET INCOME (LOSS)13,695 17,357 (1,910,995)71,373 
LESS: Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest4,548 6,810 (674,860)29,294 
NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO MAGNOLIA9,147 10,547 (1,236,135)42,079 
LESS: Non-cash deemed dividend related to warrant exchange2,763 2,763 
NET INCOME (LOSS) ATTRIBUTABLE TO CLASS A COMMON STOCK$9,147 $7,784 $(1,236,135)$39,316 
NET INCOME (LOSS) PER SHARE OF CLASS A COMMON STOCK
Basic$0.05 $0.05 $(7.41)$0.25 
Diluted$0.05 $0.05 $(7.41)$0.24 
WEIGHTED AVERAGE NUMBER OF COMMON SHARES OUTSTANDING
Basic166,467 166,872 166,728 160,051 
Diluted170,676 167,108 166,728 161,488 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
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Magnolia Oil & Gas Corporation
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity (Unaudited)
(In thousands)

Class A
Common Stock
Class B
Common Stock
Additional Paid In CapitalTreasury StockRetained EarningsTotal Stockholders’ EquityNoncontrolling InterestTotal
Equity
SharesValueSharesValueSharesValue
Balance, December 31, 2018156,333 $16 93,346 $$1,641,237 $$35,507 $1,676,769 $1,031,186 $2,707,955 
Stock based compensation expense— — — — 2,432 — — — 2,432 — 2,432 
Changes in ownership interest adjustment— — — — (919)— — — (919)832 (87)
Final settlement adjustment related to Business Combination(496)— (1,556)— (6,095)— — — (6,095)(19,150)(25,245)
Contributions from noncontrolling interest owner— — — — — — — — — 8,809 8,809 
Net income— — — — — — — 13,026 13,026 9,687 22,713 
Balance, March 31, 2019155,837 $16 91,790 $$1,636,655 $$48,533 $1,685,213 $1,031,364 $2,716,577 
Stock based compensation expense— — — — 3,115 — — — 3,115 — 3,115 
Changes in ownership interest adjustment— — — — 108 — — — 108 634 742 
Common stock issued in connection with acquisition3,055 — — — 33,693 — — — 33,693 — 33,693 
Offering expenses incurred in connection with warrants exchange— — — — (1,055)— — — (1,055)— (1,055)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest owners— — — — — — — — — (227)(227)
Net income— — — — — — — 18,506 18,506 12,797 31,303 
Balance, June 30, 2019158,892 $16 91,790 $$1,672,516 $$67,039 $1,739,580 $1,044,568 $2,784,148 
Stock based compensation expense— — — — 2,829 — — — 2,829 — 2,829 
Changes in ownership interest adjustment— — — — 28,215 — — — 28,215 (36,715)(8,500)
Common stock issued in connection with warrants exchange9,179 — — 1,624 — — (2,763)(1,138)— (1,138)
Common stock issued related to stock based compensation, net189 — — — (532)— — — (532)— (532)
Common stock repurchased— — — — — 950 (9,722)— (9,722)— (9,722)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest owners— — — — — — — — — (489)(489)
Net income— — — — — — — 10,547 10,547 6,810 17,357 
Balance, September 30, 2019168,260 $17 91,790 $$1,704,652 950 $(9,722)$74,823 $1,769,779 $1,014,174 $2,783,953 

The accompanying notes are an integral part to these consolidated financial statements.
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Magnolia Oil & Gas Corporation
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity (Unaudited)
(In thousands)

Class A
Common Stock
Class B
Common Stock
Additional Paid In CapitalTreasury
Stock
Retained Earnings/ Accumulated DeficitTotal Stockholders’ EquityNoncontrolling InterestTotal
Equity
SharesValueSharesValueSharesValue
Balance, December 31, 2019168,319 $17 85,790 $$1,703,362 1,000 $(10,277)$82,940 $1,776,051 $952,478 $2,728,529 
Stock based compensation expense— — — — 2,879 — — — 2,879 — 2,879 
Changes in ownership interest adjustment— — — — (1,793)— — — (1,793)1,793 
Common stock issued related to stock based compensation, net154 — — — (452)— — — (452)— (452)
Class A Common Stock repurchases— — — — — 1,000 (6,483)— (6,483)— (6,483)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest owners— — — — — — — — — (284)(284)
Net loss— — — — — — — (1,227,010)(1,227,010)(668,289)(1,895,299)
Balance, March 31, 2020168,473 $17 85,790 $$1,703,996 2,000 $(16,760)$(1,144,070)$543,192 $285,698 $828,890 
Stock based compensation expense— — — — 3,065 — — — 3,065 — 3,065 
Changes in ownership interest adjustment— — — — (907)— — — (907)907 
Common stock issued related to stock based compensation and other, net114 — — — (33)— — — (33)— (33)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest owners— — — — — — — — — (207)(207)
Net loss— — — — — — — (18,272)(18,272)(11,119)(29,391)
Balance, June 30, 2020168,587 $17 85,790 $$1,706,121 2,000 $(16,760)$(1,162,342)$527,045 $275,279 $802,324 
Stock based compensation expense— — — — 2,927 — — — 2,927 — 2,927 
Changes in ownership interest adjustment— — — — 175 — — — 175 (175)
Common stock issued related to stock based compensation and other, net89 — — — (180)— — — (180)— (180)
Class A Common Stock repurchases— — — — — 1,100 (6,480)— (6,480)— (6,480)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest owners— — — — — — — — — (105)(105)
Net income— — — — — — — 9,147 9,147 4,548 13,695 
Balance, September 30, 2020168,676 $17 85,790 $$1,709,043 3,100 $(23,240)$(1,153,195)$532,634 $279,547 $812,181 

The accompanying notes are an integral part to these consolidated financial statements.

4


Magnolia Oil & Gas Corporation
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
(In thousands)
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
NET INCOME (LOSS)$(1,910,995)$71,373 
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation, depletion and amortization238,273 385,942 
Amortization of intangible assets10,879 10,879 
Exploration expense, non-cash561,629 536 
Impairment of oil and natural gas properties1,381,258 
Asset retirement obligation accretion4,403 4,095 
Amortization of deferred financing costs2,710 2,644 
Loss on derivatives, net2,208 
Deferred tax expense (benefit)(77,834)11,765 
Stock based compensation8,871 8,376 
Other(2,059)(512)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable44,532 (6,937)
Accounts payable(15,953)16,034 
Accrued liabilities(15,468)(22,379)
Drilling advances(174)10,205 
Other assets and liabilities, net(1,281)(3,410)
Net cash provided by operating activities230,999 488,611 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
Acquisition of EnerVest properties4,250 
Acquisitions, other(73,702)(93,221)
Additions to oil and natural gas properties(157,325)(351,467)
Changes in working capital associated with additions to oil and natural gas properties(18,972)(13,392)
Other investing(842)(247)
Net cash used in investing activities(250,841)(454,077)
CASH FLOW FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Contributions from noncontrolling interest owners7,301 
Distributions to noncontrolling interest owners(594)(716)
Class A Common Stock repurchases(12,962)(9,722)
Other financing activities(702)(2,666)
Net cash used in financing activities(14,258)(5,803)
NET CHANGE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS(34,100)28,731 
Cash and cash equivalents – Beginning of period182,633 135,758 
Cash and cash equivalents – End of period$148,533 $164,489 
SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
Supplemental non-cash operating activity:
Cash paid (received) for income taxes$(724)$390 
Cash paid for interest25,445 25,687 
Supplemental non-cash investing and financing activity:
Accruals or liabilities for capital expenditures$21,750 $37,241 
Equity issuances in connection with acquisitions33,693 
Non-cash deemed dividend related to warrant exchange2,763 
Supplemental non-cash lease operating activity:
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for operating lease obligations$5,500 $6,720 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
5


Magnolia Oil & Gas Corporation
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

1. Description of Business and Basis of Presentation

Organization and Nature of Operations

Magnolia Oil & Gas Corporation (the “Company” or “Magnolia”) is an independent oil and natural gas company engaged in the acquisition, development, exploration, and production of oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquid (“NGL”) reserves. The Company’s oil and natural gas properties are located primarily in Karnes County and the Giddings area in South Texas where the Company targets the Eagle Ford Shale and Austin Chalk formations. Magnolia’s objective is to generate stock market value over the long term through consistent organic production growth, high full cycle operating margins, an efficient capital program with short economic paybacks, significant free cash flow after capital expenditures, and effective reinvestment of free cash flow.

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for interim financial reporting. Accordingly, certain disclosures normally included in an Annual Report on Form 10-K have been omitted. The consolidated financial statements and related notes included in this Quarterly Report should be read in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated and combined financial statements and related notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the period ended December 31, 2019 (the “2019 Form 10-K”). Except as disclosed herein, there have been no material changes to the information disclosed in the notes to the consolidated and combined financial statements included in the Company’s 2019 Form 10-K.

In the opinion of management, all normal, recurring adjustments and accruals considered necessary to present fairly, in all material respects, the Company’s interim financial results, have been included. Operating results for the periods presented are not necessarily indicative of expected results for the full year.

Certain reclassifications of prior period financial statements have been made to conform to current reporting practices. The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries after elimination of intercompany transactions and balances. The Company’s interests in oil and natural gas exploration and production ventures and partnerships are proportionately consolidated. The Company reflects a noncontrolling interest representing primarily the interest owned by the Karnes County Contributors through their ownership of Magnolia LLC Units in the consolidated financial statements. The noncontrolling interest is presented as a component of equity. See Note 12—Stockholders’ Equity for further discussion of the noncontrolling interest.

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
    
As of September 30, 2020, the Company’s significant accounting policies are consistent with those discussed in Note 2Summary of Significant Accounting Policies of its consolidated and combined financial statements contained in the Company’s 2019 Form 10-K, with the exception of Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Expected Credit Losses and as noted below.

Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Expected Credit Losses

In June 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): “Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments.” For public business entities, the new standard became effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within that reporting period. Magnolia adopted this standard on January 1, 2020. The standard changes the impairment model for most financial assets and certain other instruments, including trade and other receivables, and requires entities to use a new forward-looking expected loss model that will result in earlier recognition of allowance for losses. The Company’s receivables consist mainly of trade receivables from commodity sales and joint interest billings due from owners on properties the Company operates. The majority of these receivables have payment terms of 30 days or less. For receivables due from joint interest owners, the Company generally has the ability to withhold future revenue disbursements to recover non-payment of joint interest billings. From an evaluation of the Company’s existing credit portfolio, historical credit losses have been de minimis and are expected to remain so in the future assuming no substantial changes to the business or creditworthiness of Magnolia’s business partners. As expected, there was no material impact on the Company’s unaudited consolidated financial statements or disclosures upon adoption of this ASU.

6


Recent Accounting Pronouncements

On August 26, 2020, the SEC adopted amendments to its rules in Regulation S-K to streamline the disclosures, which registrants are required to make about business, legal proceedings and risk factors and to add new requirements for disclosures about human capital resources. The amendments take a principles-based approach that gives registrants flexibility to tailor disclosures to their circumstances. The final rules become effective November 9, 2020 and will be incorporated in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the period ending December 31, 2020.

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): “Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes,” which reduces the complexity of accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions to the general principles and also simplifying areas such as separate entity financial statements and interim recognition of enactment of tax laws or rate changes. This standard is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2020 and shall be applied on either a prospective basis, a retrospective basis for all periods presented, or a modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings depending on which aspects of the new standard are applicable to an entity. The Company is currently evaluating the effect of this standard, but does not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a material impact on its financial position, cash flows, or result of operations.

In May 2020, the SEC adopted final rules that amend the financial statement disclosure requirements for significant business acquisitions and dispositions. Among other changes, the final rules modify the significance tests and improve the disclosure requirements for acquired or to be acquired businesses and related pro forma financial information, the periods those financial statements must cover, and the form and content of the pro forma financial information. The final rules do not modify requirements for the acquisition and disposition of significant amounts of assets that do not constitute a business. The final rules are effective January 1, 2021, but earlier compliance is permitted. The Company plans to comply with the final rules during 2020, if applicable.

3. Revenue Recognition

Magnolia’s revenues include the sale of crude oil, natural gas, and NGLs. Oil, natural gas, and NGL sales are recognized as revenue when production is sold to a customer in fulfillment of performance obligations under the terms of agreed contracts. Performance obligations are primarily comprised of delivery of oil, natural gas, or NGLs at a delivery point, as negotiated within each contract. Each barrel of oil, million Btu of natural gas, gallon of NGLs, or other unit of measure is separately identifiable and represents a distinct performance obligation to which the transaction price is allocated.

The Company’s oil production is primarily sold under market-sensitive contracts that are typically priced at a differential to the New York Mercantile Exchange (“NYMEX”) price or at purchaser posted prices for the producing area. For oil contracts, the Company generally records sales based on the net amount received.

For natural gas contracts, the Company generally records wet gas sales (which consists of natural gas and NGLs based on end products after processing) at the wellhead or inlet of the gas processing plant (i.e., the point of control transfer) as revenues net of gathering, transportation, and processing expenses if the processor is the customer and there is no redelivery of commodities to the Company at the tailgate of the plant. Conversely, the Company generally records residual natural gas and NGL sales at the tailgate of the plant (i.e., the point of control transfer) on a gross basis along with the associated gathering, transportation, and processing expenses if the processor is a service provider and there is redelivery of one or several commodities to the Company at the tailgate of the plant. The facts and circumstances of an arrangement are considered and judgment is often required in making this determination. For processing contracts that require noncash consideration in exchange for processing services, the Company recognizes revenue and an equal gathering, transportation, and processing expense for commodities transferred to the service provider.

Customers are invoiced once the Company’s performance obligations have been satisfied. Payment terms and conditions vary by contract type, although terms generally include a requirement of payment within 30 days. There are no judgments that significantly affect the amount or timing of revenue from contracts with customers. Additionally, the Company’s product sales contracts do not give rise to material contract assets or contract liabilities.

The Company’s receivables consist mainly of trade receivables from commodity sales and joint interest billings due from owners on properties the Company operates. Receivables from contracts with customers totaled $52.3 million as of September 30, 2020 and $100.4 million as of December 31, 2019.

The Company has concluded that disaggregating revenue by product type appropriately depicts how the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows are affected by economic factors and has reflected this disaggregation of revenue on the Company’s consolidated statements of operations for all periods presented.

Performance obligations are satisfied at a point in time once control of the product has been transferred to the customer. The Company considers a variety of facts and circumstances in assessing the point of control transfer, including but not limited to: whether
7


the purchaser can direct the use of the hydrocarbons, the transfer of significant risks and rewards, the Company’s right to payment, and transfer of legal title.

The Company does not disclose the value of unsatisfied performance obligations for contracts as all contracts have either an original expected length of one year or less, or the entire future consideration is variable and allocated entirely to a wholly unsatisfied performance obligation.

4. Acquisitions

2020 Acquisitions

On February 21, 2020, the Company completed the acquisition of certain non-operated oil and natural gas assets located in Karnes and DeWitt Counties, Texas, for approximately $69.7 million in cash. The transaction was accounted for as an asset acquisition.

2019 Acquisitions

On May 31, 2019, the Company completed the acquisition of certain oil and natural gas assets primarily located in Gonzales and Karnes Counties for approximately $36.3 million in cash and approximately 3.1 million shares of the Company’s Class A Common Stock. The transaction was accounted for as an asset acquisition.

On February 5, 2019, Magnolia Operating formed a joint venture, Highlander Oil & Gas Holdings LLC (“Highlander”), to complete the acquisition of a 72% working interest in the Eocene-Tuscaloosa Zone, Ultra Deep Structure natural gas well located in St. Martin Parish, Louisiana and 31.1 million royalty trust units in the Gulf Coast Ultra Deep Royalty Trust from McMoRan Oil & Gas, LLC. Highlander paid cash consideration of $50.9 million for such interests. MGY Louisiana LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Magnolia Operating, holds approximately 85% of the units in Highlander. The transaction was accounted for as an asset acquisition.

5. Derivative Instruments

Magnolia currently utilizes natural gas costless collars to reduce its exposure to price volatility for a portion of its natural gas production volumes. The Company’s policies do not permit the use of derivative instruments for speculative purposes. The Company’s natural gas costless collar derivative contracts are indexed to the Houston Ship Channel. Under the Company’s costless collar contracts, each collar has an established floor price and ceiling price. When the settlement price is below the floor price, the counterparty is required to make a payment to the Company and when the settlement price is above the ceiling price, the Company is required to make a payment to the counterparty. When the settlement price is between the floor and the ceiling, there is no payment required.

The Company has elected not to designate any of its derivative instruments as hedging instruments. Accordingly, changes in the fair value of the Company’s derivative instruments are recorded immediately to earnings as “Loss on derivatives, net” on the Company’s consolidated statement of operations. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company recognized a $2.2 million unrealized loss related to its derivative instrument. There were 0 cash settlements or realized gains or losses on the Company’s derivative instruments during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019.

The Company had the following outstanding derivative contracts in place as of September 30, 2020:

20202021
Natural gas costless collars:
Notional volume (MMBtu)4,600,000 12,150,000 
Weighted average floor price ($/MMBtu)$2.31 $2.31 
Weighted average ceiling price ($/MMBtu)$3.00 $3.00 

See Note 6Fair Value Measurement for the fair value hierarchy of the Company’s derivative contracts.

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6. Fair Value Measurements

Certain of the Company’s assets and liabilities are carried at fair value and measured either on a recurring or nonrecurring basis. The Company’s fair value measurements are based either on actual market data or assumptions that other market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability in an orderly transaction, using the valuation hierarchy prescribed by GAAP under Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 820.

The three levels of the fair value hierarchy under ASC 820 are as follows:

Level I - Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical investments at the measurement date are used.

Level II - Pricing inputs are other than quoted prices included within Level I that are observable for the investment, either directly or indirectly. Level II pricing inputs include quoted prices for similar investments in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar investments in markets that are not active, inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the investment, and inputs that are derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data by correlation or other means.

Level III - Pricing inputs are unobservable and include situations where there is little, if any, market activity for the investment. The inputs used in determination of fair value require significant judgment and estimation.

Recurring Fair Value Measurements

Debt Obligations

The carrying value and fair value of the financial instrument that is not carried at fair value in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 is as follows:
September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
(In thousands)Carrying Value Fair ValueCarrying Value Fair Value
 Long-term debt$390,787 $392,000 $389,835 $412,000 
The fair value of the 2026 Senior Notes at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 is based on unadjusted quoted prices in an active market, which are considered a Level 1 input in the fair value hierarchy.

The Company has other financial instruments consisting primarily of receivables, payables, and other current assets and liabilities that approximate fair value due to the nature of the instrument and their relatively short maturities. Non-financial assets and liabilities initially measured at fair value include assets acquired and liabilities assumed in business combinations and asset retirement obligations.

Derivative Instruments

The fair value of the Company’s natural gas costless collar derivative instruments are measured using an industry-standard pricing model and are provided by a third party. The inputs used in the third-party pricing model include quoted forward prices for natural gas, the contracted volumes, volatility factors, and time to maturity, which are considered Level 2 inputs. The Company’s derivative instruments are recorded at fair value within “Other current liabilities” on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2020. These fair values are recorded by netting asset and liability positions with the same counterparty and are subject to contractual terms, which provide for net settlement. There are 0 long-term derivative assets or liabilities as of September 30, 2020 and there were 0 outstanding derivative instruments as of December 31, 2019.

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The following table presents the classification of the outstanding derivative instruments and the fair value hierarchy table for the Company’s derivative assets and liabilities that are required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis:

Fair Value Measurements Using
(In thousands)Level 1Level 2Level 3Total Fair ValueNettingCarrying Amount
September 30, 2020
Current assets:
Natural gas derivative instruments$$2,181 $$2,181 $(2,181)$
Current liabilities:
Natural gas derivative instruments$$4,389 $$4,389 $(2,181)$2,208 

See Note 5Derivative Instruments for notional volumes and terms with the Company’s derivative contracts.

Nonrecurring Fair Value Measurements

The Company applies the provisions of the fair value measurement standard on a nonrecurring basis to its non-financial assets and liabilities, including oil and natural gas properties. These assets and liabilities are not measured at fair value on a recurring basis but are subject to fair value adjustments when facts and circumstances arise that indicate a need for remeasurement. 

During the first quarter of 2020, Magnolia recorded impairments of $1.9 billion related to proved and unproved properties as a result of a sharp decline in commodity prices. Proved property impairment of $1.4 billion is included in “Impairment of oil and natural gas properties” and unproved property impairment of $0.6 billion is included in “Exploration expense” on the Company’s consolidated statement of operations. Proved and unproved properties that were impaired had aggregate fair values of $0.8 billion and $0.3 billion, respectively. The fair values of these oil and natural gas properties were measured using the income approach based on inputs that are not observable in the market, and therefore, represent Level 3 inputs. The Company calculated the estimated fair values of its oil and natural gas properties using a discounted future cash flow model. Significant inputs associated with the calculation of discounted future net cash flows include estimates of future commodity prices based on NYMEX strip pricing adjusted for price differentials, estimates of proved oil and natural gas reserves and risk adjusted probable and possible reserves, estimates of future expected operating and capital costs, and a market participant based weighted average cost of capital of 10% for proved property impairments and 12% for unproved property impairments.

Deemed Dividend

In July 2019, the Company issued an aggregate of 9.2 million shares of Class A Common Stock in exchange for all of its warrants. The difference in fair value between the Class A Common Stock issued and the warrants exchanged was recorded as a non-cash deemed dividend for the incremental value provided to the holders of the warrants. The fair value of the non-cash deemed dividend related to the warrant exchange was determined based on unadjusted quoted prices in an active market, which are considered a Level 1 input in the fair value hierarchy. Refer to Note 12Stockholders’ Equity for additional information.

7. Intangible Assets

Non-Compete Agreement

On July 31, 2018, the Company and EnerVest, separate and apart from the Business Combination, entered into a non-compete agreement (the “Non-Compete”), which prohibits EnerVest and certain of its affiliates from competing with the Company in the Eagle Ford Shale (the “Market Area”) until July 31, 2022. Under the Non-Compete, an affiliate of EnerVest will have the right to receive 4.0 million shares of Class A Common Stock in 2 tranches of 2.0 million shares in two and one half and four years from July 31, 2018 provided EnerVest does not compete in the Market Area.

The Company recorded an estimated cost of $44.4 million for the Non-Compete as intangible assets on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet. These intangible assets have a definite life and are subject to amortization utilizing the straight-line method over their economic life, currently estimated to be two and one half to four years. The Company includes the amortization in “Amortization of intangible assets” on the Company’s consolidated statements of operations.
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(In thousands)September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
Non-compete intangible assets$44,400 $44,400 
Accumulated amortization(31,427)(20,549)
Intangible assets, net$12,973 $23,851 
Weighted average amortization period (in years)3.253.25
8. Other Current Liabilities

The following table provides detail of the Company’s other current liabilities for the periods presented:
(In thousands)September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
Accrued capital expenditures$21,750 $40,722 
Accrued general and administrative expenditures9,703 9,753 
Accrued ad valorem taxes7,027 8,741 
Other22,507 36,564 
Total Other current liabilities$60,987 $95,780 
9. Long-term Debt

The Company’s debt is comprised of the following:
(In thousands)September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
Revolving credit facility$$
Senior Notes due 2026400,000 400,000 
Total long-term debt400,000 400,000 
Less: Unamortized deferred financing cost(9,213)(10,165)
Total debt, net$390,787 $389,835 

Credit Facility

In connection with the consummation of the Business Combination, Magnolia Operating entered into the RBL Facility among Magnolia Operating, as borrower, Magnolia Intermediate, as its holding company, the banks, financial institutions, and other lending institutions from time to time party thereto, as lenders, the other parties from time to time party thereto and Citibank, N.A., as administrative agent, collateral agent, issuing bank, and swingline lender, providing for maximum commitments in an aggregate principal amount of $1.0 billion with a letter of credit facility with a $100.0 million sublimit. The borrowing base as of September 30, 2020 was $450.0 million. On October 15, 2020, Magnolia Operating entered into a Borrowing Base Redetermination Agreement and Amendment No. 2 to the RBL Facility, which provided for, among other things, the reaffirmation of the borrowing base at $450.0 million as part of the semi-annual scheduled redetermination. The RBL Facility is guaranteed by certain parent companies and subsidiaries of Magnolia LLC and is collateralized by certain of Magnolia Operating’s oil and natural gas properties and has a borrowing base subject to semi-annual redetermination.

Borrowings under the RBL Facility bear interest, at Magnolia Operating’s option, at a rate per annum equal to either the LIBOR rate or the alternative base rate plus the applicable margin. Additionally, Magnolia Operating is required to pay a commitment fee quarterly in arrears in respect of unused commitments under the RBL Facility. The applicable margin and the commitment fee rate are calculated based upon the utilization levels of the RBL Facility as a percentage of the borrowing base then in effect.

The RBL Facility contains certain affirmative and negative covenants customary for financings of this type, including compliance with a leverage ratio of less than 4.00 to 1.00 and, if the leverage ratio is in excess of 3.00 to 1.00, a current ratio of greater than 1.00 to 1.00. As of September 30, 2020, the Company was in compliance with all covenants under the RBL Facility.
Deferred financing costs incurred in connection with securing the RBL Facility were $11.7 million, which are amortized on a straight-line basis over a period of five years and included in “Interest expense, net” in the Company’s consolidated statements of operations. The Company recognized interest expense related to the RBL Facility of $1.0 million and $1.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $3.2 million and $3.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The unamortized portion of the deferred financing costs are included in “Deferred financing costs, net” on the accompanying consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2020.
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The Company did 0t have any outstanding borrowings under its RBL Facility as of September 30, 2020.
2026 Senior Notes

On July 31, 2018, the Issuers issued and sold $400.0 million aggregate principal amount of 2026 Senior Notes in a private placement under Rule 144A and Regulation S under the Securities Act of 1933. The 2026 Senior Notes were issued under the Indenture, dated as of July 31, 2018 (the “Indenture”), by and among the Issuers and Deutsche Bank Trust Company Americas, as trustee. The 2026 Senior Notes are guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by the Company, Magnolia Operating, and Magnolia Intermediate and may be guaranteed by certain future subsidiaries of the Company. The 2026 Senior Notes will mature on August 1, 2026 and bear interest at the rate of 6.0% per annum.

At any time prior to August 1, 2021, the Issuers may, on any one or more occasions, redeem all or a part of the 2026 Senior Notes at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the 2026 Senior Notes redeemed, plus a “make whole” premium on accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to, but excluding, the date of redemption. After August 1, 2021, the Issuers may redeem all or a part of the 2026 Senior Notes based on principal plus a set premium, as set forth in the Indenture, including any accrued and unpaid interest.

The Company incurred $11.8 million of deferred financing costs related to the issuance of the 2026 Senior Notes, which were capitalized. These costs are amortized using the effective interest method over the term of the 2026 Senior Notes and are included in “Interest expense, net” in the Company’s consolidated statements of operations. The unamortized portion of the deferred financing costs is included as a reduction to the carrying value of the 2026 Senior Notes, which have been recorded as “Long-term debt, net” on the consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2020. The Company recognized interest expense related to the 2026 Senior Notes of $6.3 million for each of the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, and $19.0 million and $18.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

10. Commitments and Contingencies

Legal Matters

The Company is involved in disputes or legal actions in the ordinary course of business. For example, certain of the Karnes County Contributors and the Company have been named as defendants in a lawsuit where the plaintiffs claim to be entitled to a minority working interest in certain Karnes County Assets. The litigation is in the pre-trial stage. The exposure related to this litigation is currently not reasonably estimable. The Karnes County Contributors retained all such liability in connection with the Business Combination. At September 30, 2020, the Company does not believe the outcome of any such disputes or legal actions will have a material effect on its consolidated statements of operations, balance sheet, or cash flows. NaN amounts were accrued with respect to outstanding litigation at September 30, 2020 or September 30, 2019.

Environmental Matters

The Company, as an owner or lessee and operator of oil and natural gas properties, is subject to various federal, state, local laws, and regulations relating to discharge of materials into, and protection of, the environment. These laws and regulations may, among other things, impose liability on the lessee under an oil and natural gas lease for the cost of pollution clean-up resulting from operations and subject the lessee to liability for pollution damages. In some instances, the Company may be directed to suspend or cease operations in the affected area. The Company maintains insurance coverage, which it believes is customary in the industry, although the Company is not fully insured against all environmental risks.

Risks and Uncertainties 

The Company’s revenue, profitability, and future growth are substantially dependent upon the prevailing and future prices for oil and natural gas, which depend on numerous factors beyond the Company’s control such as overall oil and natural gas production and inventories in relevant markets, economic conditions, the global political environment, regulatory developments, and competition from other energy sources. Oil and natural gas prices historically have been volatile and may be subject to significant fluctuations in the future. 

The coronavirus disease 2019 (“COVID-19”) pandemic and related economic repercussions have created significant volatility, uncertainty, and turmoil in the oil and natural gas industry. Oil demand has significantly deteriorated as a result of the virus outbreak and corresponding preventative measures taken around the world to mitigate the spread of the virus. The implications of the decrease in global demand for oil, coupled with the general oversupply, may have further negative effects on the Company’s business, such as production curtailment and reductions to its operating plans as a result of decreased prices and reduced storage capacity.
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Demand and pricing may again decline if there is a resurgence of the outbreak across the U.S. and other locations across the world and the related social distancing guidelines, travel restrictions, and stay-at-home orders. The extent of the additional impact on the Company’s industry and its business cannot be reasonably predicted at this time.

11. Income Taxes

The Company estimates its annual effective tax rate in recording its quarterly provision for income taxes in the various jurisdictions in which it operates. On March 27, 2020, the United States enacted the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”). The CARES Act includes several significant business tax provisions that, among other things, allow businesses to carry back net operating losses (“NOL”) arising in 2018, 2019, and 2020 to the five prior tax years. Applying the NOL carryback provision resulted in an income tax benefit of $1.2 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2020. The difference in the U.S. federal statutory tax rate of 34% in 2017 compared to 21% in 2018 and thereafter resulted in a discrete benefit to the tax provision of approximately $0.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

The income tax expense or benefit recorded for the period is based on applying an estimated annual effective income tax rate to the net income or loss for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019. The computation of the annual estimated effective tax rate at each interim period requires certain estimates and significant judgment including, but not limited to, the Company’s expected operating income for the year, projections of the proportion of income earned and taxed in various jurisdictions, the effect of noncontrolling interest, permanent and temporary differences, and the likelihood of recovering deferred tax assets in the current year. The accounting estimates used to compute the income tax expense or benefit may change as new events occur, more experience is obtained, additional information becomes known, or as the tax environment changes. The Company’s effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 was 4.0% and 14.9%, respectively. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company’s effective tax rate was primarily impacted by the reversal of its federal and state deferred tax liabilities and the federal and state deferred tax assets generated from losses related to non-cash impairments of the carrying value of the Company’s oil and natural gas properties, offset by the recognition of valuation allowances. The primary differences between the annual effective tax rate and the federal statutory tax rate of 21.0% are income attributable to noncontrolling interest, the recognition of a valuation allowance on federal and state deferred tax assets, and state taxes.

During the first quarter of 2020, the Company moved from a net deferred tax liability position to an estimated net deferred tax asset position resulting primarily from oil and natural gas impairments. As of September 30, 2020, the Company’s net deferred tax asset was $203.3 million. Management assessed whether it is more-likely-than-not that it will generate sufficient taxable income to realize its deferred income tax assets, including the investment in partnership and net operating loss carryforwards. In making this determination, the Company considered all available positive and negative evidence and made certain assumptions. The Company considered, among other things, the overall business environment, its historical earnings and losses, current industry trends, and its outlook for future years. As of September 30, 2020, the Company assessed the realizability of the deferred tax assets and recorded a full valuation allowance of $203.3 million.

The Company’s income tax provision consists of the following components:
                
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
 (In thousands)September 30, 2020September 30, 2019September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
Current:
Federal$$$(1,167)$
State(339)115 (339)684 
 (339)115 (1,506)684 
Deferred:
Federal3,135 (71,792)11,588 
State279 (6,042)177 
 3,414 (77,834)11,765 
Income tax expense (benefit)$(339)$3,529 $(79,340)$12,449 
    
The Company is subject to U.S. federal income tax, the margin tax in the state of Texas, and Louisiana corporate income tax. NaN amounts have been accrued for income tax uncertainties or interest and penalties as of September 30, 2020. The Company is currently not aware of any issues under review that could result in significant payments, accruals, or material deviation from its position. The Company’s tax years since its formation remain subject to possible income tax examinations by its major taxing authorities for all periods.

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12. Stockholders’ Equity

Class A Common Stock

At September 30, 2020, there were 168.7 million shares of Class A Common Stock issued and 165.6 million shares of Class A Common Stock outstanding. The holders of Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock vote together as a single class on all matters and are entitled 1 vote for each share held. There is no cumulative voting with respect to the election of directors, which results in the holders of more than 50% of the shares being able to elect all of the directors, subject to voting obligations under the Stockholder Agreement. In the event of a liquidation, dissolution, or winding up of Magnolia Oil & Gas Corporation, the holders of the Class A Common Stock are entitled to share ratably in all assets remaining available for distribution to them after payment of liabilities and after provision is made for each class of stock, if any, having preference over the common stock. The holders of the Class A Common Stock have no preemptive or other subscription rights, and there are no sinking fund provisions applicable to such shares.

Class B Common Stock

At September 30, 2020, there were 85.8 million shares of Class B Common Stock issued and outstanding. Holders of Class B Common Stock vote together as a single class with holders of Class A Common Stock on all matters properly submitted to a vote of the stockholders. The holders of Class B Common Stock generally have the right to exchange all or a portion of their Class B Common Stock, together with an equal number of Magnolia LLC Units, for the same number of shares of Class A Common Stock or, at Magnolia LLC’s option, an equivalent amount of cash. Upon the future redemption or exchange of Magnolia LLC Units held by any holder of Class B Common Stock, a corresponding number of shares of Class B Common Stock held by such holder of Class B Common Stock will be canceled. In the event of a liquidation, dissolution, or winding up of Magnolia LLC, the holders of the Class B Common Stock, through their ownership of Magnolia LLC Units, are entitled to share ratably in all assets remaining available for distribution to them after payment of liabilities and after provision is made for each class of units of Magnolia LLC, if any, having preference over the common units. The holders of the Class B Common Stock have no preemptive or other subscription rights, and there are no sinking fund provisions applicable to such shares.

Warrants

On June 7, 2019, the Company commenced an exchange offer (the “Offer”) and consent solicitation (the “Consent Solicitation”), pursuant to which the Company (1) offered to holders of its warrants the opportunity to receive 0.29 shares of Class A Common Stock in exchange for each warrant validly tendered and (2) solicited the consent from the holders of its warrants to approve an amendment to the Company’s existing warrant agreement, by and between the Company and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, to amend the agreement to provide the Company with the right to require any holder of the Company’s warrants to exchange their warrants for Class A Common Stock at an exchange ratio of 0.261 shares of Class A Common Stock for each whole warrant (the “Warrant Amendment”). Pursuant to the Offer, certain of the Company’s warrantholders, including directors and executive officers, agreed to tender their warrants and provide the corresponding consent to the Warrants Amendment in the Consent Solicitation by entering into a tender and support agreement with the Company on June 7, 2019.

The Offer and Consent Solicitation expired on July 5, 2019. In connection with the closing of the Offer on July 10, 2019 and the subsequent exercise of the Company’s right to exchange all remaining warrants on July 25, 2019, the Company issued an aggregate of 9.2 million shares of Class A Common Stock in exchange for all of its 31.7 million warrants outstanding, which consisted of 21.7 million public warrants and 10.0 million private placement warrants.

As the fair value of the warrants exchanged in the Offer was less than the fair value of the Class A Common Stock issued, the Company recorded a non-cash deemed dividend of $2.8 million for the incremental value provided to the warrant holders. The fair value of warrants and the Class A Common Stock was determined using unadjusted quoted prices in an active market, a Level 1 fair value input. The Company capitalized $2.2 million of expenses related to the Offer within “Additional paid-in capital” on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet.

Share Repurchase Program

On August 5, 2019, the Company’s board of directors authorized a share repurchase program of up to 10 million shares of Class A Common Stock. The program does not require purchases to be made within a particular timeframe. As of September 30, 2020, the Company had repurchased 3.1 million shares under the plan at a cost of $23.2 million.

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Noncontrolling Interest

Noncontrolling interest in Magnolia’s consolidated subsidiaries include amounts attributable to Magnolia LLC Units that were issued to the Karnes County Contributors in connection with the Business Combination. The noncontrolling interest percentage is affected by various equity transactions such as issuances of Class A Common Stock, the exchange of Class B Common Stock (and corresponding Magnolia LLC Units) for Class A Common Stock, or the cancellation of Class B Common Stock (and corresponding Magnolia LLC Units). As of September 30, 2020, Magnolia owned approximately 66% of the interest in Magnolia LLC and the noncontrolling interest was 34%. In the first quarter of 2019, Magnolia Operating formed Highlander as a joint venture where MGY Louisiana LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Magnolia Operating, holds approximately 85% of the units in Highlander, with the remaining 15% attributable to noncontrolling interest.

13. Stock Based Compensation

On October 8, 2018, the Company’s board of directors adopted the “Magnolia Oil & Gas Corporation Long Term Incentive Plan” (the “Plan”), effective as of July 17, 2018. A total of 11.8 million shares of Class A Common Stock have been authorized for issuance under the Plan. The Company grants stock based compensation awards in the form of restricted stock units (“RSUs”) and performance stock units (“PSUs”) to eligible employees and directors to enhance the Company and its affiliates’ ability to attract, retain, and motivate persons who make important contributions to the Company and its affiliates by providing these individuals with equity ownership opportunities. Shares issued as a result of awards granted under the Plan are generally new shares of Class A Common Stock.

Stock based compensation expense is recognized net of forfeitures within “General and administrative expenses” on the consolidated statements of operations and was $2.9 million and $2.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $8.9 million and $8.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The Company has elected to account for forfeitures of awards granted under the Plan as they occur in determining compensation expense.

Restricted Stock Units

The Company grants service-based RSU awards to employees and non-employee directors, which generally vest ratably over a three-year service period, in the case of awards to employees, and vest in full after one year, in the case of awards to directors. RSUs represent the right to receive shares of Class A Common Stock at the end of the vesting period equal to the number of RSUs that vest. RSUs are subject to restrictions on transfer and are generally subject to a risk of forfeiture if the award recipient ceases to be an employee or director of the Company for any reason prior to vesting of the award. Compensation expense for the service-based RSU awards is based upon the grant date market value of the award and such costs are recorded on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period for each separately vesting portion of the award, as if the award was, in-substance, multiple awards. Unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested RSUs as of September 30, 2020 was $10.5 million, which the Company expects to recognize over a weighted average period of 1.7 years.

The table below summarizes RSU activity for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2020September 30, 2020
Restricted Stock UnitsWeighted Average Grant Date Fair ValueRestricted Stock UnitsWeighted Average Grant Date Fair Value
Unvested RSUs, beginning of period1,637,445 $10.02 1,099,901 $12.97 
Granted21,552 6.46 874,919 7.14 
Vested(110,548)14.43 (426,371)13.03 
Forfeited(27,678)10.07 (27,678)10.07 
Unvested RSUs, end of period1,520,771 $9.65 1,520,771 $9.65 
Performance Stock Units

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company granted PSUs to certain employees. Each PSU, to the extent earned, represents the contingent right to receive 1 share of Class A Common Stock and the awardee may earn between 0 and 150% of the target number of PSUs granted based on the total shareholder return (“TSR”) of the Class A Common Stock relative to the TSR achieved by a specific industry peer group over a three-year performance period, the last day of which is also the vesting date. In addition to the TSR conditions, vesting of the PSUs is subject to the awardee’s continued employment through the date of settlement of the PSUs, which will occur within 60 days following the end of the performance period. Unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested PSUs as of September 30, 2020 was $5.1 million, which the Company expects to recognize over a weighted average period of 1.6 years.
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The table below summarizes PSU activity for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2020September 30, 2020
Performance Stock UnitsWeighted Average Grant Date Fair ValuePerformance Stock UnitsWeighted Average Grant Date Fair Value
Unvested PSUs, beginning of period1,086,419 $11.28 701,128 $14.31 
Granted401,958 6.14 
Vested(25,260)14.58 (41,927)14.58 
Forfeited(30,529)10.77 (30,529)10.77 
Unvested PSUs, end of period1,030,630 $11.22 1,030,630 $11.22 
The grant date fair values of the PSUs granted were $2.5 million and $3.7 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, calculated using a Monte Carlo simulation. The following table summarizes the assumptions used to calculate the grant date fair value of these PSUs.
Nine Months Ended
Grant Date Fair Value AssumptionsSeptember 30, 2020September 30, 2019
Expected term (in years)2.852.67-2.85
Expected volatility33.50%31.58% - 33.61%
Risk-free interest rate1.16%2.29% - 2.48%
14. Earnings (Loss) Per Share

A reconciliation of the numerators and denominators of the basic and diluted per share computations follows:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
(In thousands, except per share data)September 30, 2020September 30, 2019September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
Basic:
Net income (loss) attributable to Class A Common Stock$9,147 $7,784 $(1,236,135)$39,316 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period - basic166,467 166,872 166,728 160,051 
Net income (loss) per share of Class A Common Stock - basic$0.05 $0.05 $(7.41)$0.25 
Diluted:
Net income (loss) attributable to Class A Common Stock$9,147 $7,784 $(1,236,135)$39,316 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period - basic166,467 166,872 166,728 160,051 
Add: Dilutive effect warrants, stock based compensation, and other4,209 236 1,437 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period - diluted170,676 167,108 166,728 161,488 
Net income (loss) per share of Class A Common Stock - diluted$0.05 $0.05 $(7.41)$0.24 
The Company excluded 85.8 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, 91.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019, and 92.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 of weighted average shares of Class A Common Stock issuable upon the exchange of the Class B Common Stock (and the corresponding Magnolia LLC Units) as the effect was anti-dilutive. In addition, the Company excluded 4.0 million contingent shares of Class A Common Stock issuable to an affiliate of EnerVest, provided EnerVest does not compete in the Market Area, and 0.2 million RSUs and PSU because the effect was anti-dilutive for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

15. Related Party Transactions

As of September 30, 2020, EnerVest Energy Institutional Fund XIV-A, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership, and EnerVest Energy Institutional Fund XIV-C, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership, both of which are part of the Karnes County Contributors, each held more than 10% of the Company’s common stock and qualified as principal owners of the Company, as defined in ASC 850, “Related Party Disclosures.”

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This report includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. All statements other than statements of historical facts included or incorporated by reference in this report, including, without limitation, statements regarding the Company’s future financial position, business strategy, budgets, projected revenues, projected costs, and plans and objectives of management for future operations, are forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements are based on the beliefs of management, as well as assumptions made by, and information currently available to, the Company’s management. In addition, forward-looking statements generally can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology such as “may,” “will,” “could,” “expect,” “intend,” “project,” “estimate,” “anticipate,” “plan,” “believe,” or “continue” or similar terminology. Although Magnolia believes that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are reasonable, the Company can give no assurance that such expectations will prove to have been correct. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the Company’s expectations include, but are not limited to, Magnolia’s assumptions about:

the length, scope and severity of the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (“COVID-19”) pandemic, including the effects of related public health concerns and the impact of continued actions taken by governmental authorities and other third parties in response to the pandemic and its impact on commodity prices, supply and demand considerations, and storage capacity;

the market prices of oil, natural gas, natural gas liquids (“NGLs”), and other products or services;

the supply and demand for oil, natural gas, NGLs, and other products or services;

production and reserve levels;

drilling risks;

economic and competitive conditions;

the availability of capital resources;

capital expenditures and other contractual obligations;

weather conditions;

inflation rates;

the availability of goods and services;

legislative, regulatory, or policy changes;

cyber attacks;

occurrence of property acquisitions or divestitures;

the integration of acquisitions; and

the securities or capital markets and related risks such as general credit, liquidity, market, and interest-rate risks.

All of Magnolia’s forward-looking information is subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results expected. Although it is not possible to identify all factors, these risks and uncertainties include the risk factors and the timing of any of those risk factors identified in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the period ended December 31, 2019 (the “2019 Form 10-K”).

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations should be read in conjunction with the Company’s unaudited consolidated financial statements and the related notes thereto.

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Overview 

Magnolia Oil & Gas Corporation (the “Company” or “Magnolia”) is an independent oil and natural gas company engaged in the acquisition, development, exploration, and production of oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquid (“NGL”) reserves that operates in one reportable segment located in the United States. The Company's oil and natural gas properties are located primarily in Karnes County and the Giddings area in South Texas, where the Company primarily targets the Eagle Ford Shale and the Austin Chalk formations.

Magnolia’s objective is to generate stock market value over the long term through consistent organic production growth, high full cycle operating margins, an efficient capital program with short economic paybacks, significant free cash flow after capital expenditures, and effective reinvestment of free cash flow. Magnolia’s business model prioritizes free cash flow, financial stability, and prudent capital allocation, and is designed to withstand challenging environments such as the one the Company is currently experiencing.

COVID-19 Pandemic and Market Conditions Update

In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic. Governments have tried to slow the spread of the virus by imposing social distancing guidelines, travel restrictions, and stay-at-home orders, which have caused a significant decrease in activity in the global economy and the demand for oil and natural gas. The implications of the decrease in global demand for oil, coupled with the general oversupply, may have further negative effects on the Company’s business, such as production curtailment and reductions to its operating plans as a result of decreased prices and reduced storage capacity. Demand and pricing may again decline if there is a resurgence of the outbreak across the U.S. and other locations across the world and the related social distancing guidelines, travel restrictions, and stay-at-home orders. The extent of the additional impact on the industry and Magnolia’s business cannot be reasonably predicted at this time.

Magnolia’s business, like many oil and natural gas producers, has been, and is expected to continue to be, negatively affected by the crisis described above, which is ongoing and evolving. Magnolia’s revenues have significantly declined as a result of the sharp decline in commodity prices. The prices ultimately realized for oil, natural gas, and NGLs are based on a number of variables, including prevailing index prices attributable to the Company’s production and certain differentials to those index prices. Magnolia is unable to reasonably predict when, or to what extent, commodity prices and the overall markets and global economy will stabilize, and the pace of any subsequent recovery for the oil and gas industry. Further, the ultimate impact that these events will have on Magnolia’s business, liquidity, financial condition, and results of operations is highly uncertain and dependent on numerous evolving factors that cannot be predicted, including the duration of the pandemic.

Magnolia has taken steps and continues to actively work to mitigate the evolving challenges and growing impact of both the COVID-19 pandemic and the industry downturn on its operations, financial condition, and people. Magnolia’s business model prioritizes free cash flow, financial stability, and prudent capital allocation, and is designed to withstand challenging environments. The Company’s ongoing plan is to spend within cash flow on drilling and completing wells while maintaining low leverage. Magnolia did not bring any operated wells online during the third quarter and continued to operate one rig in the Giddings area. The Company is well positioned to reduce or increase operations given the significant flexibility within its capital program, as its operated drilling rig is on a short-term contract and the Company has no long-term service obligations. Moreover, Magnolia does not have any contractual drilling obligations and nearly all of the Company’s acreage is held by production. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic and industry downturn, Magnolia has initiated a corporate-wide cost reduction program to help decrease costs throughout every aspect of the Company. The Company has made reductions in general and administrative expense by reducing corporate salaries, renegotiating the fee under the Services Agreement, and working with many of its other vendors and suppliers to reduce the cost of their services. Magnolia believes these measures, taken together with its significant liquidity and lack of near term debt maturities, will provide additional flexibility in navigating the current volatile environment; however, given the tremendous uncertainty and turmoil, there is no certainty that the measures Magnolia takes will be sufficient.

As a producer of oil and natural gas, Magnolia is recognized as an essential business and has continued to operate while taking steps to protect the health and safety of its workers. Magnolia and its contractors have implemented protocols to reduce the risk of an outbreak within its operations, and these protocols have not reduced production or efficiency in a significant manner. The Company implemented remote working procedures for a significant portion of its workforce for health and safety reasons and/or to comply with applicable national, state, and/or local government requirements. As a result, the Company relied on such persons having sufficient access to its information technology systems, including through telecommunication hardware, software, and networks. Magnolia's board of directors is continuing to monitor the unfolding COVID-19 pandemic very closely as well as the effect of working remotely on internal controls over financial reporting and information technology security. Magnolia has been able to maintain a consistent level of effectiveness through these arrangements, including maintaining day-to-day operations, financial reporting systems, and internal control over financial reporting. As of October 1, 2020, the substantial majority of Magnolia employees have returned to the office.

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Business Overview
As of September 30, 2020, Magnolia’s assets in South Texas included 43,031 gross (23,559 net) acres in Karnes, Gonzales, DeWitt, and Atascosa Counties, Texas, and 635,336 gross (437,128 net) acres in the Giddings area. As of September 30, 2020, Magnolia held an interest in approximately 1,823 gross (1,189 net) wells, with total production of 62.2 thousand barrels of oil equivalent per day (“Mboe/d”) for the nine months ended September 30, 2020. In the third quarter of 2020, Magnolia operated a one-rig program for the Giddings Assets.

Magnolia recognized a net loss attributable to Class A Common Stock of $1.2 billion, or $7.41 per diluted common share, for the nine months ended September 30, 2020. Magnolia recognized a net loss of $1.9 billion, which includes noncontrolling interest of $0.7 billion related to the Magnolia LLC Units (and corresponding Class B Common Stock) held by certain affiliates of EnerVest for the nine months ended September 30, 2020. As a result of the sharp decline in commodity prices during the nine months ended September 30, 2020, Magnolia recorded impairments of $1.9 billion related to proved and unproved properties. Proved property impairment of $1.4 billion is included in “Impairment of oil and natural gas properties” and unproved property impairment of $0.6 billion is included in “Exploration expense” on the Company’s consolidated statement of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

On August 5, 2019, the Company’s board of directors authorized a share repurchase program of up to 10 million shares of Class A Common Stock. The program does not require purchases to be made within a particular timeframe. As of September 30, 2020, the Company had repurchased 3.1 million shares under the plan at an aggregate cost of $23.2 million.

On August 1, 2020, the Company provided written notice to EVOC of its intent to terminate the Services Agreement. Pursuant to the Services Agreement, EVOC will continue to provide services during the transition through August 1, 2021.

In the third quarter of 2020, the Company entered into costless collars for 4.6 million MMBtu and 12.2 million MMBtu of its natural gas production in the years ending December 31, 2020 and 2021, respectively, which reduce the Company’s exposure to natural gas price volatility for a portion of its expected natural gas production volumes. The Company has elected not to designate any of its derivative instruments as hedging instruments. Accordingly, changes in the fair value of the Company's derivative instruments are recorded immediately to earnings as “Loss on derivative instruments, net” on the Company’s consolidated statement of operations. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company recognized $2.2 million unrealized loss related to its derivative instruments.
Results of Operations

Factors Affecting the Comparability of the Historical Financial Results

Magnolia’s historical financial condition and results of operations for the periods presented may not be comparable, either from period to period or going forward, as a result of the following factors:

During the first quarter of 2020, the Company incurred impairments of $1.9 billion related to proved and unproved oil and natural gas properties as a result of the sharp decline in commodity prices;

On February 21, 2020, the Company completed the acquisition of certain non-operated oil and natural gas assets located in Karnes and DeWitt Counties, Texas, for approximately $69.7 million in cash;

On May 31, 2019, the Company completed the acquisition of certain oil and natural gas assets primarily located in Karnes County for approximately $36.3 million in cash and approximately 3.1 million shares of the Company’s Class A Common Stock; and

On February 5, 2019, Magnolia Operating formed a joint venture, Highlander Oil & Gas Holdings LLC (“Highlander”), to complete the acquisition of a 72% working interest in the Eocene-Tuscaloosa Zone, Ultra Deep Structure natural gas well located in St. Martin Parish, Louisiana (the “Highlander Well”), in which MGY Louisiana LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Magnolia Operating, holds approximately 85% of the units, with the remaining 15% attributable to noncontrolling interest.

As a result of the factors listed above, the historical results of operations and period-to-period comparisons of these results and certain financial data may not be comparable or indicative of future results.
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Three Months Ended September 30, 2020 Compared to the Three Months Ended September 30, 2019

Oil, Natural Gas and NGL Sales Revenues. The following table provides the components of Magnolia’s revenues for the periods indicated, as well as each period’s respective average prices and production volumes. This table shows production on a boe basis in which natural gas is converted to an equivalent barrel of oil based on a ratio of six Mcf to one barrel. This ratio may not be reflective of the current price ratio between the two products.
Three Months Ended
(In thousands, except per unit data)September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
Production:
Oil (MBbls)2,485 3,520 
Natural gas (MMcf)9,444 10,763 
NGLs (MBbls)937 1,245 
Total (Mboe)4,996 6,559 
Average daily production:
Oil (Bbls/d)27,016 38,261 
Natural gas (Mcf/d)102,653 116,989 
NGLs (Bbls/d)10,181 13,533 
Total (boe/d)54,306 71,292 
Revenues:
Oil revenues$95,677 $207,840 
Natural gas revenues14,895 21,243 
Natural gas liquids revenues10,495 15,716 
Total revenues$121,067 $244,799 
Average Price:
Oil (per barrel)$38.50 $59.05 
Natural gas (per Mcf)1.58 1.97 
NGLs (per barrel)11.20 12.62 
Oil revenues were 79% and 85% of the Company’s total revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Oil production was 50% and 54% of total production volume for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Oil revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2020 were $112.2 million lower than the three months ended September 30, 2019. A 35% decrease in average prices reduced third quarter 2020 revenues by $72.4 million compared to the same period in the prior year, while a 29% decrease in oil production reduced revenues by $39.8 million.

Natural gas revenues were 12% and 9% of the Company's total revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Natural gas production was 31% and 27% of total production volume for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Natural gas revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2020 were $6.3 million lower than the three months ended September 30, 2019. A 20% decrease in average prices reduced third quarter 2020 revenues by $4.2 million compared to the same period in the prior year, while a 12% decrease in natural gas production reduced revenues by $2.1 million.

NGL revenues were 9% and 6% of the Company’s total revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. NGL production was 19% of total production volume for each of the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019. NGL revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2020 were $5.2 million lower than the three months ended September 30, 2019. An 11% decrease in average prices reduced third quarter 2020 revenues by $1.7 million compared to the same period in the prior year, while a 25% decrease in NGL production reduced revenues by $3.5 million.

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Operating Expenses and Other Income (Expense). The following table summarizes the Company’s operating expenses and other income (expense) for the periods indicated.
Three Months Ended
(In thousands, except per unit data)September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
Operating Expenses:
Lease operating expenses$18,802 $24,344 
Gathering, transportation, and processing5,771 9,270 
Taxes other than income7,331 13,333 
Exploration expenses701 3,924 
Asset retirement obligation accretion1,501 1,394 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization44,731 143,894 
Amortization of intangible assets3,626 3,626 
General and administrative expenses16,663 17,345 
Total operating costs and expenses$99,126 $217,130 
Other Income (Expense):
Income from equity method investee$1,007 $92 
Interest expense, net(7,333)(6,896)
Loss on derivatives, net(2,208)— 
Other expense, net(51)21 
Total other expense$(8,585)$(6,783)
Average Operating Costs per boe:
Lease operating expenses$3.76 $3.71 
Gathering, transportation, and processing1.16 1.41 
Taxes other than income1.47 2.03 
Exploration expense0.14 0.60 
Asset retirement obligation accretion0.30 0.21 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization8.95 21.94 
Amortization of intangible assets0.73 0.55 
General and administrative expenses3.34 2.64 
Lease operating expenses are costs incurred in the operation of producing properties, including expenses for utilities, direct labor, water disposal, workover rigs, workover expenses, materials, and supplies. Lease operating expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the corresponding 2019 period were $5.5 million lower primarily due to a reduction of operating expenses associated with bringing fewer new wells online resulting in lower production.

Gathering, transportation, and processing costs are costs incurred to deliver oil, natural gas, and NGLs to the market. These expenses can vary based on the volume of oil, natural gas, and NGLs produced as well as the cost of commodity processing. The gathering, transportation, and processing costs for the three months ended September 30, 2020 were $3.5 million, or $0.25 per boe, lower than the three months ended September 30, 2019 primarily due to lower natural gas production and prices.

Taxes other than income include production and ad valorem taxes. These taxes are based on rates primarily established by state and local taxing authorities. Production taxes are based on the market value of production. Ad valorem taxes are based on the fair market value of the mineral interests or business assets. Taxes other than income were $6.0 million, or $0.56 per boe, lower for the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2019 primarily due to a decrease in revenues following a decline in commodity prices.

Exploration expenses are geological and geophysical costs that include unproved property impairments, seismic surveying costs, costs of expired or abandoned leases, and delay rentals. The exploration costs for the three months ended September 30, 2020 were $3.2 million, or $0.46 per boe, lower than the three months ended September 30, 2019 primarily due to lower seismic surveying costs.

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Depreciation, depletion and amortization (“DD&A”) during the three months ended September 30, 2020 was $99.2 million, or $12.99 per boe, lower than the three months ended September 30, 2019 primarily as a result of lower asset property balances associated with proved property impairments recorded in the first quarter of 2020.

General and administrative (“G&A”) expenses during the three months ended September 30, 2020 were $0.7 million lower than the three months ended September 30, 2019 primarily driven by renegotiating the fee under the Services Agreement as well as other corporate-wide cost cutting initiatives.

Loss on derivatives, net was a $2.2 million unrealized loss related to the Company’s natural gas costless collar entered into during the third quarter of 2020. There was no derivative activity in the corresponding 2019 period.

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020 Compared to the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019

Oil, Natural Gas and NGL Sales Revenues. The following table provides the components of Magnolia’s revenues for the periods indicated, as well as each period’s respective average prices and production volumes. This table shows production on a boe basis in which natural gas is converted to an equivalent barrel of oil based on a ratio of six Mcf to one barrel. This ratio may not be reflective of the current price ratio between the two products.
Nine Months Ended
(In thousands, except per unit data)September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
Production:
Oil (MBbls)8,965 9,615 
Natural gas (MMcf)29,261 30,583 
NGLs (MBbls)3,213 3,389 
Total (Mboe)17,055 18,101 
Average daily production:
Oil (Bbls/d)32,718 35,220 
Natural gas (Mcf/d)106,790 112,026 
NGLs (Bbls/d)11,725 12,414 
Total (boe/d)62,241 66,305 
Revenues:
Oil revenues$311,153 $584,009 
Natural gas revenues44,238 71,208 
Natural gas liquids revenues29,880 51,215 
Total revenues$385,271 $706,432 
Average Price:
Oil (per barrel)$34.71 $60.74 
Natural gas (per Mcf)1.51 2.33 
NGLs (per barrel)9.30 15.11 
Oil revenues were 81% and 83% of the Company’s total revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Oil production was 53% of total production volume for each of the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019. Oil revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 were $272.9 million lower than the nine months ended September 30, 2019. A 43% decrease in average prices reduced revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 by $250.3 million compared to the same period in the prior year, while a 7% decrease in oil production reduced revenue $22.6 million.

Natural gas revenues were 11% and 10% of the Company's total revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Natural gas production was 28% of total production volume for each of the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019. Natural gas revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 were $27.0 million lower than the nine months ended September 30, 2019. A 35% decrease in average prices reduced revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 by $25.0 million as compared to the same period in the prior year, while a 4% decrease in natural gas production reduced revenue $2.0 million.

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NGL revenues were 8% and 7% of the Company’s total revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. NGL production was 19% of total production volume for each of the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019. NGL revenues for the nine months ended were September 30, 2020 $21.3 million lower than the nine months ended September 30, 2019. A 38% decrease in average prices reduced revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 by $19.7 million as compared to the same period in the prior year, while a 5% decrease in NGL production reduced revenue $1.6 million.

Operating Expenses and Other Income (Expense). The following table summarizes the Company’s operating expenses and other income (expense) for the periods indicated.
Nine Months Ended
(In thousands, except per unit data)September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
Operating Expenses:
Lease operating expenses$61,275 $70,752 
Gathering, transportation, and processing20,579 26,016 
Taxes other than income22,874 40,825 
Exploration expenses563,589 10,017 
Impairment of oil and natural gas properties1,381,258 — 
Asset retirement obligation accretion4,403 4,095 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization238,273 385,942 
Amortization of intangible assets10,879 10,879 
General and administrative expenses50,472 52,651 
Transaction related costs— 438 
Total operating costs and expenses$2,353,602 $601,615 
Other Income (Expense):
Income from equity method investee$2,059 $608 
Interest expense, net(21,345)(21,611)
Loss on derivatives, net(2,208)— 
Other expense, net(510)
Total other expense$(22,004)$(20,995)
Average Operating Costs per boe:
Lease operating expenses$3.59 $3.91 
Gathering, transportation, and processing1.21 1.44 
Taxes other than income1.34 2.26 
Exploration expense33.05 0.55 
Impairment of oil and natural gas properties80.99 — 
Asset retirement obligation accretion0.26 0.23 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization13.97 21.32 
Amortization of intangible assets0.64 0.60 
General and administrative expenses2.96 2.91 
Transaction related costs— 0.02 
Lease operating expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 were $9.5 million, or $0.32 per boe, lower than the nine months ended September 30, 2019 primarily due to the suspension of completion activity and reduction of operating expenses associated with bringing fewer new wells online.

Gathering, transportation, and processing costs for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 were $5.4 million, or $0.23 per boe, lower than the nine months ended September 30, 2019 primarily due to lower natural gas production and prices.

Taxes other than income and related cost per boe were $18.0 million, or $0.92 per boe, lower for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2019 primarily due to a decrease in revenues following a decline in commodity prices.

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Exploration costs for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 were $553.6 million, or $32.50 per boe, higher than the nine months ended September 30, 2019 as a result of an impairment related to Magnolia’s unproved oil and natural gas properties due to the sharp decline in commodity prices primarily driven by the COVID-19 pandemic and oversupply by producers relating to oil price and production controls. For more information, please see Note 6Fair Value Measurements in the Company’s consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, Magnolia recognized $1.4 billion of impairment included in “Impairment of oil and natural gas properties” in the consolidated statement of operations related to its proved oil and natural gas properties. The impairment was driven by the sharp decline in commodity prices. For more information, please see Note 6Fair Value Measurements in the Company’s consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

DD&A during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was $147.7 million, or $7.35 per boe, lower than the nine months ended September 30, 2019 as a result of lower asset property balances associated with proved property impairments recorded in the first quarter of 2020.

G&A expenses during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 were $2.2 million lower than the nine months ended September 30, 2019 primarily driven by a decrease in professional service fees and a reduction in the fee under the Services Agreement as a result of corporate-wide cost cutting initiatives.

Loss on derivatives, net was a $2.2 million unrealized loss related to the Company’s natural gas costless collar entered into during the third quarter of 2020. There was no derivative activity in the corresponding 2019 period.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Magnolia’s primary source of liquidity and capital has been its cash flows from operations. The Company’s primary uses of cash have been for acquisitions of oil and natural gas properties and related assets, development of the Company’s oil and natural gas properties, and general working capital needs.

The Company may also utilize borrowings under other various financing sources available to Magnolia, including its RBL Facility and the issuance of equity or debt securities through public offerings or private placements, to fund Magnolia’s acquisitions and long-term liquidity needs. Magnolia’s ability to complete future offerings of equity or debt securities and the timing of these offerings will depend upon various factors, including prevailing market conditions and the Company’s financial condition.

The Company anticipates its current cash balance, cash flows from operations, and its available sources of liquidity to be sufficient to meet the Company’s cash requirements. However, as the impact of recent declines in worldwide crude oil and natural gas prices and the impact of COVID-19 on the economy evolves, the Company will continue to assess its liquidity needs. In the event of a sustained market deterioration, Magnolia may need additional liquidity, which would require the Company to evaluate available alternatives and take appropriate actions.

As of September 30, 2020, the Company had $400.0 million of principal debt related to the 2026 Senior Notes outstanding and no outstanding borrowings related to the RBL Facility. As of September 30, 2020, the Company had $598.5 million of liquidity comprised of the $450.0 million of borrowing base capacity of the RBL Facility, which was reaffirmed on October 15, 2020, and $148.5 million of cash and cash equivalents.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

At September 30, 2020, Magnolia had $148.5 million of cash and cash equivalents. The Company’s cash and cash equivalents are maintained with various financial institutions in the United States. Deposits with these institutions may exceed the amount of insurance provided on such deposits. However, the Company regularly monitors the financial stability of its financial institutions and believes that the Company is not exposed to any significant default risk.

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Sources and Uses of Cash and Cash Equivalents

The following table presents the sources and uses of the Company’s cash for the periods presented:
Nine Months Ended
(In thousands)September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
Sources of cash and cash equivalents
Net cash provided by operating activities$230,999 $488,611 
Other— 11,551 
$230,999 $500,162 
Uses of cash and cash equivalents
Acquisitions, other$(73,702)$(93,221)
Additions to oil and natural gas properties(157,325)(351,467)
Changes in working capital associated with additions to oil and natural gas properties(18,972)(13,392)
Class A Common Stock repurchases(12,962)(9,722)
Other(2,138)(3,629)
(265,099)(471,431)
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents$(34,100)$28,731 
Sources of Cash and Cash Equivalents

Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities

Operating cash flows are the Company’s primary source of liquidity and are impacted, in the short term and long term, by oil and natural gas prices. The factors that determine operating cash flows are largely the same as those that affect net earnings or net losses, with the exception of certain non-cash expenses such as DD&A, the non-cash portion of exploration expense, impairment of oil and natural gas properties, asset retirement obligation accretion, and deferred income tax expense.

Net cash provided by operating activities totaled $231.0 million and $488.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, cash provided by operating activities was negatively impacted by the sharp decline of oil and natural gas prices and payment of liabilities, partially offset by positive impacts from the timing of collections, and lower production tax payments.

Uses of Cash and Cash Equivalents

Acquisitions

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company completed various leasehold and property acquisitions, primarily comprised of a $69.7 million acquisition of certain non-operated oil and natural gas assets located in Karnes and DeWitt Counties, Texas. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company incurred $93.2 million of acquisition costs, comprised of the Highlander acquisition, and other acquisitions of additional oil and natural gas assets in Karnes County.

Additions to Oil and Natural Gas Properties

The following table sets forth the Company’s capital expenditures for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
(In thousands)September 30, 2020September 30, 2019September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
Drilling and completion$27,425 $88,384 $155,308 $344,179 
Leasehold acquisition costs249 1,286 2,017 8,556 
Total capital expenditures$27,674 $89,670 $157,325 $352,735 

As of September 30, 2020, Magnolia was running a one-rig program for the Giddings Assets. The activity during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 was largely driven by the number of operated and non-operated drilling rigs. The number of operated drilling rigs is largely dependent on commodity prices and the Company’s strategy of maintaining spending to accommodate the Company’s business model.
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Capital Requirements

Repurchases of Class A Common Stock

On August 5, 2019, the Company’s board of directors authorized a share repurchase program of up to 10 million shares of Class A Common Stock. The program does not require purchases to be made within a particular timeframe and whether the Company undertakes these additional repurchases is ultimately subject to numerous considerations, market conditions, and other factors. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company repurchased 2.1 million and 1.0 million shares for a total cost of approximately $13.0 million and $9.7 million, respectively.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

As of September 30, 2020, there were no off-balance sheet arrangements.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Interest Rate Risk
For variable rate debt, interest rate changes generally do not affect the fair market value of such debt, but do impact future earnings and cash flows, assuming other factors are held constant. The Company is subject to market risk exposure related to changes in interest rates on borrowings under the RBL Facility. Interest on borrowings under the RBL Facility is based on the LIBOR rate or alternative base rate plus an applicable margin as stated in the agreement. At September 30, 2020, the Company had no borrowings outstanding under the RBL Facility.

Commodity Price Risk
Magnolia’s primary market risk exposure is to the prices it receives for its oil, natural gas, and NGL production. The prices the Company ultimately realizes for its oil, natural gas, and NGLs are based on a number of variables, including prevailing index prices attributable to the Company’s production and certain differentials to those index prices. Pricing for oil, natural gas, and NGLs has historically been volatile and unpredictable, and this volatility is expected to continue in the future. The prices the Company receives for production depend on factors outside of its control, including physical markets, supply and demand, financial markets, and national and international policies. As the impact of recent declines in worldwide crude oil and natural gas prices and the impact of COVID-19 on the economy evolves, the Company will continue to assess its market risk exposure as appropriate. A $1.00 per barrel increase (decrease) in the weighted average oil price for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 would have increased (decreased) the Company’s revenues by approximately $12.0 million on an annualized basis and a $0.10 per Mcf increase (decrease) in the weighted average natural gas price for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 would have increased (decreased) Magnolia’s revenues by approximately $3.9 million on an annualized basis.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

As required by Rule 13a-15(b) under the Exchange Act, Magnolia has evaluated, under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, including Magnolia’s principal executive officer and principal financial officer, the effectiveness of the design and operation of its disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of September 30, 2020. Based on such evaluation, Magnolia’s principal executive officer and principal financial officer have concluded that as of such date, its disclosure controls and procedures were effective. The Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance that the information required to be disclosed by it in reports that it files under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to management, including the Company’s principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure and is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the SEC.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

There were no changes in the system of internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) and Rule 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) during the quarter ended September 30, 2020 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting, including changes related to the COVID-19 pandemic and any transition to a remote working environment.
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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

From time to time, the Company is party to certain legal actions and claims arising in the ordinary course of business. While the outcome of these events cannot be predicted with certainty, management does not currently expect these matters to have a materially adverse effect on the financial position or results of operations of the Company.
Item 1A. Risk Factors

Please refer to Part I, Item 1A - Risk Factors of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, and Part I, Item 3 - Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Any of these factors and the factors described below could result in a significant or material adverse effect on Magnolia’s business, results of operations, or financial condition. There have been no material changes to the Company’s risk factors since its 2019 Form 10-K, except as updated below. Additional risk factors not presently known to the Company or that the Company currently deems immaterial may also impair its business, results of operations, or financial condition.

COVID-19 and other pandemic outbreaks could negatively impact Magnolia’s business and results of operations.

The company may face additional risks related to the ongoing outbreak of COVID-19, which has been declared a “pandemic” by the World Health Organization. International, federal, state, and local public health and governmental authorities have taken extraordinary and wide-ranging actions to contain and combat the outbreak and spread of COVID-19 in regions across the United States and the world, including mandates for many individuals to substantially restrict daily activities and for many businesses to curtail or cease normal operations. To the extent COVID-19 continues or worsens, governments may impose additional similar restrictions. The full impact of COVID-19 is unknown and rapidly evolving. The outbreak and any preventative or protective actions that the Company or its customers may take in response to this virus may result in a period of disruption, including the Company’s financial reporting capabilities, its operations generally, and could potentially impact the Company’s customers, distribution partners, and third parties. In addition, many of the Company’s non-operational employees have been working remotely, which could increase the risk of security breaches or other cyber-incidents or attacks, loss of data, fraud, and other disruptions. Any resulting impacts from the outbreak cannot be reasonably estimated at this time, and may materially affect the business and the Company’s financial condition and results of operations. The extent and duration of such impacts will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including new information which may emerge concerning the severity of COVID-19 and the actions to contain COVID-19 or treat its impact, among others. As of October 1, 2020, the substantial majority of Magnolia employees have returned to the office.

The marketability of Company production is dependent upon market demand, vehicles, transportation and storage facilities, and other facilities, most of which the Company does not control. If these vehicles or facilities are unavailable, or if the Company is unable to access such vehicles or facilities on commercially reasonable terms, operations could be interrupted, production could be curtailed or shut in, and revenues could be reduced.

The marketing of oil, natural gas, and NGL production depends in large part on the availability, proximity, and capacity of trucks, pipelines, and storage facilities, gas gathering systems, and other transportation, processing, and refining facilities, as well as the existence of adequate markets. If there is a resurgence of the outbreak across the United States and other locations across the world and the related social distancing guidelines, travel restrictions, and stay-at-home orders due to the COVID-19 pandemic and such resurgence reduces demand for oil and natural gas, available storage and transportation capacity for the Company’s production may be limited or unavailable in the future. If there is insufficient capacity, if the capacity is unavailable to the Company, or if the capacity is unavailable on commercially reasonable terms, the prices Magnolia receives for its production could be significantly depressed.

As a result of continued or further storage and/or market shortages, the Company could be forced to temporarily shut in some or all of its production or delay or discontinue drilling plans and commercial production following a discovery of hydrocarbons while the Company constructs or purchases its own facilities or system. If the Company is forced to shut in production, it may incur greater costs to bring the associated production back online. Potential cost increases associated with bringing wells back online may be significant enough that such wells may become non-economic at low commodity price levels, which may lead to decreases in proved reserve estimates and potential impairments and associated charges to earnings. If the Company is able to bring wells back online, there is no assurance that such wells will be as productive following recommencement as they were prior to being shut in. For example, in the second quarter of 2020, the Company temporarily shut in some low producing wells due to depressed commodity prices. Additionally, some of the Company’s non-operated wells were shut in. Many of the wells have returned to production and there was not a significant impact on net production, however, should sustained periods of lower oil and natural gas prices return, the Company may further shut in wells or curtail production.

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Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

The following table sets forth the Company’s share repurchase activities for each period presented.
PeriodNumber of Shares of Class A Common Stock PurchasedAverage Price Paid per Share
Total Number of Shares of Class A Common Stock Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Program (1)
Maximum Number of Shares of Class A Common Stock that May Yet be Purchased Under the Program
July 1, 2020 - July 31, 2020— $— — 8,000,000 
August 1, 2020 - August 31, 202097,800 6.11 97,800 7,902,200 
September 1, 2020 - September 30, 20201,002,200 5.87 1,002,200 6,900,000 
Total1,100,000 $5.89 1,100,000 6,900,000 
(1)In August 2019, the Company’s board of directors authorized a share repurchase program of up to 10 million shares of Class A Common Stock. The program does not require purchases to be made within a particular time frame.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

Item 5. Other Information

Not applicable.
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Item 6. Exhibits
The following exhibits are filed as part of, or incorporated by reference into, this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q:
Exhibit
Number
Description
3.1*
3.2*
10.1**
31.1**
31.2**
32.1***
101.INS**XBRL Instance Document.
101.SCH**XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
101.CAL**XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
101.DEF**XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.
101.LAB**XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
101.PRE**XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.
104**Cover Page Interactive Data File (embedded within the Inline XBRL document).
*    Incorporated herein by reference as indicated.
**    Filed herewith.
***    Furnished herewith.

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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

MAGNOLIA OIL & GAS CORPORATION
Date: November 6, 2020By:/s/ Stephen Chazen
Stephen Chazen
Chief Executive Officer (Principal Executive Officer)
Date: November 6, 2020By:/s/ Christopher Stavros
Christopher Stavros
Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial Officer)


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