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BrightSpire Capital (BRSP)

Filed: 2 May 18, 7:00am

 

Exhibit 10.2

 

EXECUTION VERSION

 

GUARANTY

 

GUARANTY, dated as of April 26, 2018 (this “Guaranty”), made byCREDIT RE OPERATING COMPANY, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company(“Guarantor”), for the benefit ofBARCLAYS BANK PLC, a public limited company organized under the laws of England and Wales (“Purchaser”).

 

WITNESETH:

 

WHEREAS, Purchaser and CLNC Credit 7, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Seller”), are parties to that certain Master Repurchase Agreement dated as of the date hereof (as amended, restated, supplemented or otherwise modified and in effect from time to time, the “Master Repurchase Agreement”);

 

WHEREAS, Guarantor indirectly owns one hundred percent (100%) of the Capital Stock of Seller;

 

WHEREAS, Guarantor will benefit, directly and indirectly, from the execution, delivery and performance by Seller of the Transaction Documents, and the transactions contemplated by the Transaction Documents;

 

WHEREAS, it is a condition precedent to the initial funding under the Master Repurchase Agreement that Guarantor execute and deliver this Guaranty for the benefit of Purchaser and Purchaser is unwilling to enter into the Master Repurchase Agreement or the other Transaction Documents or the transactions contemplated thereby without the benefit of this Guaranty; and

 

NOW, THEREFORE, for good and valuable consideration, the receipt and legal sufficiency of which are hereby acknowledged, and to induce Purchaser to enter into the Master Repurchase Agreement and the other Transaction Documents, Guarantor hereby agrees as follows:

 

ARTICLE I.
DefinITIONS; INTERPRETATION

 

(a)          Each of the definitions set forth onExhibit A hereto are, solely for the purposes ofArticle V(k) hereof, hereby incorporated herein by reference. Unless otherwise defined herein, terms defined in the Master Repurchase Agreement and used herein shall have the meanings given to them in the Master Repurchase Agreement.

 

(b)          The following term shall have the meaning set forth below:

 

  

 

 

Guaranteed Obligations” shall mean (i) all obligations and liabilities of Seller to Purchaser, whether direct or indirect, absolute or contingent, due or to become due, or now existing or hereafter incurred, or whether for payment or for performance (including, without limitation, Purchase Price Differential accruing after the Repurchase Date for any Transaction and Purchase Price Differential accruing after the filing of any petition in bankruptcy, or the commencement of any insolvency, reorganization or like proceeding, relating to Seller, whether or not a claim for post filing or post-petition interest is allowed in such proceeding), which arise under, or out of or in connection with the Master Repurchase Agreement, this Guaranty and any other Transaction Documents, whether on account of the Repurchase Price for the Purchased Assets, Purchase Price Differential, reimbursement obligations, fees, indemnities, costs, and expenses (including, without limitation, all fees and disbursements of outside counsel to the Purchaser), in each case that are required to be paid by Seller pursuant to the terms of such documents, all “claims” (as defined in Section 101 of the Bankruptcy Code) of Purchaser against Seller, or otherwise and (ii) all actual out-of-pocket court costs, enforcement costs and legal and other expenses (including reasonable attorneys’ fees and expenses of outside counsel) that are incurred by Purchaser in the enforcement of any provision of the Transaction Documents, including, but not limited to, this Guaranty.

 

(c)          The terms defined in this Guaranty have the meanings assigned to them in this Guaranty and include the plural as well as the singular, and the use of any gender herein shall be deemed to include the other gender. All references to articles, schedules and exhibits are to articles, schedules and exhibits in or to this Guaranty unless otherwise specified. The words “hereof,” “herein” and “hereunder” and words of similar import when used in this Guaranty shall refer to this Guaranty as a whole and not to any particular provision of this Guaranty. The term “include” or “including” shall mean without limitation by reason of enumeration. All accounting terms not specifically defined herein shall be construed in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.

 

ARTICLE II.
NATURE AND SCOPE OF GUARANTY

 

(a)          Guaranty of Obligations. Subject to the terms hereof, Guarantor hereby irrevocably and unconditionally guarantees and promises to Purchaser and its successors, endorsees, transferees and assigns as a primary obligor the prompt and complete payment and performance by Seller of the Guaranteed Obligations as and when the same shall be due and payable (whether at the stated maturity, by acceleration or otherwise);provided however that Guarantor’s total aggregate liability under thisArticle II(a) shall not exceed an amount equal to the product of (x) twenty-five percent (25.0%)multiplied by (y) the aggregate Repurchase Price for all Purchased Assets on any day that any amounts under this Guaranty are due and payable (the “Liability Cap”).

 

(b)          Liability Cap Carve out. The Liability Cap shall not apply in the event that any of the following events or circumstances shall occur by or on behalf of Seller and/or Guarantor and payments made in connection with any of the following events or circumstances shall not accrue toward the Liability Cap:

 

(i)          (A) the filing by Seller and/or Guarantor of any voluntary petition under any bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, liquidation, dissolution or similar law relating to the protection of creditors, or (B) the commencing, or authorizing the commencement, by Seller and/or Guarantor of any case or proceeding under any bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, liquidation, dissolution or similar law relating to the protection of creditors;

 

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(ii)         the solicitation by Seller and/or Guarantor or Seller and/or Guarantor otherwise colluding with petitioning creditors for any involuntary petition, case or proceeding against Seller and/or Guarantor under any bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, liquidation, dissolution or similar law relating to the protection of creditors;

 

(iii)        Seller and/or Guarantor seeking or consenting to the appointment of a receiver, trustee, custodian or similar official for Seller and/or Guarantor or any substantial part of the property of Seller and/or Guarantor (unless consented to by Purchaser);

 

(iv)         the making by Seller and/or Guarantor of a general assignment for the benefit of creditors of Seller and/or Guarantor (other than in favor of Purchaser or if consented to by Purchaser) in connection with any case or proceeding described in the foregoing clauses (i) or (ii); or

 

(v)          with respect to and solely to the extent of any and all out-of-pocket losses, damages, costs and expenses (including reasonable fees and disbursements of outside counsel) actually incurred by Purchaser in connection with:

 

(1)         any fraud, willful misconduct, illegal act or intentional material misstatement on the part of Seller, Guarantor or any Affiliate of Seller or Guarantor in connection with the execution and delivery of the Master Repurchase Agreement or other Transaction Document, or any certificate, report, notice, financial statement, representation, warranty or other instrument or document furnished to Purchaser by Seller, Guarantor or any Affiliate thereof in connection with the Master Repurchase Agreement or any other Transaction Document on the Closing Date or during the term of the Master Repurchase Agreement;

 

(2)         any misappropriation, conversion or intentional misapplication by Seller, Guarantor or any Affiliate of the foregoing of any Income required to be deposited in the Collection Account pursuant to Article 5 of the Master Repurchase Agreement;

 

(3)         any failure by Seller to comply with Article 13 of the Repurchase Agreement, which failure results in a substantive consolidation of Seller with any other entity in an insolvency proceeding;

 

(4)         any failure by Seller to fund a Future Advance, which failure is determined in a final non-appealable judgment by a court of competent jurisdiction in the United States of America to have been committed by Seller in bad faith;

 

(5)         if Seller, Guarantor or any Affiliate of the foregoing interferes with, frustrates or prevents Purchaser’s exercise of remedies provided under the Transaction Documents; provided that any assertion, claim or defense reasonably made in good faith by Seller or Guarantor as to the existence and continuation of such Default or Event of Default shall not, and shall not be deemed to, result in liability under this sub-clause (5);

 

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(6)         any claim by any Affiliate of Seller that Purchaser is not the record and beneficial owner of, and does not have good and marketable title to, each Purchased Asset in accordance with the Transaction Documents; or

 

(7)         any loss, damage, cost and expense in connection with violation of any environmental law, the correction of any environmental condition, or the removal of any hazardous, toxic or harmful substances, materials, wastes, pollutants or contaminants defined as such in or regulated under any environmental law, in each case in any way affecting properties of Seller or any of the Purchased Assets;provided, that Guarantor shall have no liability under thisArticle II(b)(v)(7) with respect to conditions on any Mortgaged Property first arising after the date upon which Purchaser enforces its remedies with respect to the related Purchased Asset pursuant to Article 14(b)(ii)(D) or 14(b)(iii) of the Master Repurchase Agreement following an Event of Default.

 

(c)          Nature of Guaranty. This Guaranty is an irrevocable, absolute, continuing guaranty of payment and performance and not a guaranty of collection. This Guaranty may not be revoked by Guarantor and shall continue to be effective with respect to any Guaranteed Obligations arising or created after any attempted revocation by Guarantor. This Guaranty may be enforced by Purchaser and any successor, endorsee, transferee or assignee of Purchaser permitted under the Master Repurchase Agreement and shall not be discharged by such permitted assignment or negotiation of all or part thereof.

 

(d)          Satisfaction of Guaranteed Obligations. Guarantor shall satisfy its obligations hereunder without demand, presentment, protest, notice of protest, notice of non-payment, notice of intention to accelerate the maturity, notice of acceleration of the maturity or any other notice whatsoever. Subject toArticles II(a) andII(b), the obligations of Guarantor hereunder shall not be reduced, discharged or released because or by reason of any existing or future offset, claim or defense of Seller, or any other party, against Purchaser or against the payment of the Guaranteed Obligations, other than the payment of the Guaranteed Obligations, whether such offset, claim or defense arises in connection with such Guaranteed Obligations or otherwise.

 

(e)          No Duty to Pursue Others. It shall not be necessary for Purchaser (and Guarantor hereby waives any rights which Guarantor may have to require Purchaser), in order to enforce the obligations of Guarantor hereunder, first to (i) institute suit or exhaust its remedies against Seller or others liable on the Guaranteed Obligations or any other person, (ii) enforce or exhaust Purchaser’s rights against any collateral which shall ever have been given to secure the Guaranteed Obligations, (iii) join Seller or any others liable on the Guaranteed Obligations in any action seeking to enforce this Guaranty or (iv) resort to any other means of obtaining payment of the Guaranteed Obligations. Purchaser shall not be entitled to actually receive payment of the same amounts from both Seller and Guarantor. Purchaser shall not be required to mitigate damages or take any other action to collect or enforce the Guaranteed Obligations.

 

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(f)          Waivers. Guarantor agrees to the provisions of the Transaction Documents, and hereby waives notice of (i) any loans or advances made by Purchaser to Seller or the purchase of any Purchased Asset by Purchaser from Seller, (ii) acceptance of this Guaranty, (iii) any amendment or extension of the Master Repurchase Agreement or of any other Transaction Documents, (iv) the execution and delivery by Seller and Purchaser of any other agreement or of Seller’s execution and delivery of any other documents arising under the Transaction Documents or in connection with the Guaranteed Obligations, (v) the occurrence of any breach by Seller or an Event of Default under the Transaction Documents, (vi) Purchaser’s transfer or disposition of the Transaction Documents, or any part thereof, (vii) sale or foreclosure (or posting or advertising for sale or foreclosure) of any collateral for the Guaranteed Obligations, (viii) protest, proof of non-payment or default by Seller, (ix) any other action at any time taken or omitted by Purchaser and (x)  except as otherwise provided herein or required by the terms hereof, all other demands and notices of every kind in connection with this Guaranty, the Transaction Documents and any documents or agreements evidencing, securing or relating to any of the Guaranteed Obligations;provided,however, that the foregoing shall not constitute a waiver by Guarantor of any notice that Purchaser is expressly required to provide to Seller or Guarantor or any other party pursuant to the Transaction Documents.

 

(g)          Payment of Expenses. In the event that Guarantor should breach or fail to timely perform any provisions of this Guaranty, Guarantor shall, within ten (10) Business Days after demand by Purchaser, pay Purchaser all actual out-of-pocket costs and expenses (including, without limitation, the reasonable fees and expenses of outside counsel) actually incurred by Purchaser in the enforcement hereof or the preservation of Purchaser’s rights hereunder. The covenant contained in thisArticle II(g) shall survive the payment and performance of the Guaranteed Obligations.

 

(h)          Effect of Bankruptcy. In the event that, pursuant to any insolvency, bankruptcy, reorganization, receivership or other debtor relief law, or any judgment, order or decision thereunder, Purchaser must rescind or restore any payment, or any part thereof, received by Purchaser in satisfaction of the Guaranteed Obligations, as set forth herein, any prior release or discharge from the terms of this Guaranty given to Guarantor by Purchaser shall be without effect, and this Guaranty shall remain in full force and effect. It is the intention of Seller and Guarantor that Guarantor’s obligations hereunder shall not be discharged except by Seller’s or Guarantor’s payment and performance of the Guaranteed Obligations which is not so rescinded or Guarantor’s performance of such obligations and then only to the extent of such performance.

 

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(i)          Deferral of Subrogation, Reimbursement and Contribution. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Guaranty, Guarantor hereby unconditionally and irrevocably defers any and all rights it may now or hereafter have under any agreement, at law or in equity (including, without limitation, any law subrogating Guarantor to the rights of Purchaser), to assert any claim against or seek contribution, indemnification or any other form of reimbursement from Seller or any other party liable for payment of any or all of the Guaranteed Obligations for any payment made by Guarantor under or in connection with this Guaranty until payment in full of the Guaranteed Obligations (other than those Repurchase Obligations (including contingent reimbursement obligations and indemnity obligations) which, by their express terms, survive termination of the Transaction Documents) and termination of the Master Repurchase Agreement. Guarantor hereby subordinates all of its subrogation rights against Seller arising from payments made under this Guaranty to the full payment of the Guaranteed Obligations due Purchaser for a period of ninety-one (91) days following the final payment of the last of all of the Guaranteed Obligations and termination of the Master Repurchase Agreement. If any amount shall be paid to Guarantor on account of such subrogation rights at any time when all of the Guaranteed Obligations (other than those Repurchase Obligations (including contingent reimbursement obligations and indemnity obligations) which, by their express terms, survive termination of the Transaction Documents) shall not have been paid in full, such amount shall be held by Guarantor in trust for Purchaser, segregated from other funds of Guarantor, and shall, forthwith upon receipt by Guarantor, be turned over to Purchaser in the exact form received by Guarantor (duly indorsed by Guarantor to Purchaser, if required), to be applied against the Guaranteed Obligations, whether matured or unmatured, in such order as Purchaser may determine.

 

(j)          Seller. The term “Seller” as used herein shall include any new or successor corporation, limited liability company, association, partnership (general or limited), joint venture, trust or other individual or organization formed as a result of any merger, reorganization, sale, transfer, devise, gift or bequest of Seller or any interest in Seller.

 

ARTICLE III.
EVENTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES NOT REDUCING
OR DISCHARGING GUARANTOR’S OBLIGATIONS

 

Guarantor hereby consents and agrees to each of the following, and agrees that Guarantor’s obligations under this Guaranty shall not be released, diminished, impaired, reduced or adversely affected by any of the following, except to the extent required by the terms hereof, and waives any common law, equitable, statutory or other rights (including without limitation, except to the extent required by the terms hereof, rights to notice) which Guarantor might otherwise have as a result of or in connection with any of the following:

 

(a)          Modifications. Any renewal, extension, increase, modification, alteration or rearrangement of all or any part of the Master Repurchase Agreement, the other Transaction Documents (other than this Guaranty), or any other document, instrument, contract or understanding between Seller and Purchaser, or any other parties, pertaining to the Guaranteed Obligations.

 

(b)          Adjustment. Any adjustment, indulgence, forbearance or compromise that might be granted or given by Purchaser to Seller.

 

(c)          Condition of Seller or Guarantor. The insolvency, bankruptcy, arrangement, adjustment, composition, liquidation, disability, dissolution or lack of power of Seller, Guarantor or any other party at any time liable for the payment of all or part of the Guaranteed Obligations or any dissolution of Seller or Guarantor, or any sale, lease or transfer of any or all of the assets of Seller or Guarantor, or any changes in the shareholders, partners or members of Seller or Guarantor; or any reorganization of Seller or Guarantor.

 

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(d)          Invalidity of Guaranteed Obligations. The invalidity, illegality or unenforceability against Seller of all or any part of the Master Repurchase Agreement or any document or agreement executed in connection with the Guaranteed Obligations, for any reason whatsoever, including without limitation the fact that (i) the act of creating the Guaranteed Obligations or any part thereof isultra vires, (ii) the officers or representatives executing the Master Repurchase Agreement or the other Transaction Documents or otherwise creating the Guaranteed Obligations acted in excess of their authority, (iii) Seller has valid defenses (other than payment of the Guaranteed Obligations), claims or offsets (whether at law, in equity or by agreement) which render the Guaranteed Obligations wholly or partially uncollectible from Seller, (iv) the creation, performance or repayment of the Guaranteed Obligations (or the execution, delivery and performance of any document or instrument representing part of the Guaranteed Obligations or executed in connection with the Guaranteed Obligations, or given to secure the repayment of the Guaranteed Obligations) is illegal, uncollectible or unenforceable or (v) the Master Repurchase Agreement, or any of the other Transaction Documents have been forged by any Person other than Purchaser or any of its Affiliates or otherwise are irregular or not genuine or authentic, it being agreed that Guarantor shall remain liable hereon regardless of whether Seller or any other person is found not liable on the Guaranteed Obligations or any part thereof for any reason (other than by reason of a defense of payment or performance of the Guaranteed Obligations).

 

(e)          Release of Obligors. Any full or partial release of the liability of Seller on the Guaranteed Obligations, or any part thereof, or of any co-guarantors, or any other person or entity now or hereafter liable, whether directly or indirectly, jointly, severally, or jointly and severally, to pay, perform, guarantee or assure the payment of the Guaranteed Obligations, or any part thereof, it being recognized, acknowledged and agreed by Guarantor that Guarantor may be required to pay the Guaranteed Obligations in full without assistance or support of any other party, and Guarantor has not been induced to enter into this Guaranty on the basis of a contemplation, belief, understanding or agreement, as between Purchaser and Guarantor, that other parties will be liable to pay or perform the Guaranteed Obligations, or that Purchaser will look to other parties to pay or perform the obligations of Seller under the Master Repurchase Agreement or the other Transaction Documents.

 

(f)          Other Collateral. The taking or accepting of any other security, collateral or guaranty, or other assurance of payment, for all or any part of the Guaranteed Obligations.

 

(g)          Release of Collateral. Any release, surrender, exchange, subordination, deterioration, waste, loss or impairment (including without limitation negligent, willful, unreasonable or unjustifiable impairment) by any party other than Purchaser or any of its Affiliates of any collateral, property or security at any time existing in connection with, or assuring or securing payment of, all or any part of the Guaranteed Obligations.

 

(h)          Care and Diligence. Except to the extent the same shall result from the gross negligence, willful misconduct, bad faith or illegal acts of Purchaser or its Affiliates, the failure of Purchaser or any other party to exercise diligence or reasonable care in the preservation, protection, enforcement, sale or other handling or treatment of all or any part of such collateral, property or security, including but not limited to any neglect, delay, omission, failure or refusal of Purchaser (i) to take or prosecute any action for the collection of any of the Guaranteed Obligations or (ii) to foreclose, or initiate any action to foreclose, or, once commenced, prosecute to completion any action to foreclose upon any security therefor, or (iii) to take or prosecute any action in connection with any instrument or agreement evidencing or securing all or any part of the Guaranteed Obligations.

 

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(i)          Unenforceability. The fact that any collateral, security, security interest or lien contemplated or intended to be given, created or granted as security for the repayment of the Guaranteed Obligations, or any part thereof, shall not be properly perfected or created, or shall prove to be unenforceable or subordinate to any other security interest or lien, it being recognized and agreed by Guarantor that Guarantor is not entering into this Guaranty in reliance on, or in contemplation of the benefits of, the validity, enforceability, collectability or value of any of the collateral for the Guaranteed Obligations.

 

(j)          Offset. The liabilities and obligations of Guarantor to Purchaser hereunder shall not be reduced, discharged or released because of or by reason of any existing or future right of offset, claim or defense (other than payment of the Guaranteed Obligations) of Seller against Purchaser, or any other party, or against payment of the Guaranteed Obligations, whether such right of offset, claim or defense arises in connection with the Guaranteed Obligations (or the transactions creating the Guaranteed Obligations).

 

(k)          Merger. The reorganization, merger or consolidation of Seller into or with any other corporation or entity.

 

(l)          Preference. Any payment by Seller to Purchaser is held to constitute a preference under bankruptcy laws, or for any reason Purchaser is required to refund such payment or pay such amount to Seller or someone else.

 

(m)          Other Actions Taken or Omitted. Except to the extent the same shall result from the gross negligence, willful misconduct, bad faith or illegal acts of Purchaser or its Affiliates, any other action taken or omitted to be taken with respect to the Transaction Documents, the Guaranteed Obligations, or the security and collateral therefor, whether or not such action or omission prejudices Guarantor or increases the likelihood that Guarantor will be required to pay the Guaranteed Obligations pursuant to the terms hereof, it is the unambiguous and unequivocal intention of Guarantor that Guarantor shall be obligated to pay the Guaranteed Obligations when due, notwithstanding any occurrence, circumstance, event, action, or omission whatsoever, whether contemplated or uncontemplated, and whether or not otherwise or particularly described herein, which obligation shall be deemed satisfied only upon the full and final payment and satisfaction of the Guaranteed Obligations.

 

ARTICLE IV.
REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES

 

To induce Purchaser to enter into the Transaction Documents, Guarantor represents and warrants to Purchaser as of the Closing Date and as of each Purchase Date as follows:

 

(a)          Benefit. Guarantor has received, or will receive, direct or indirect benefit from the execution, delivery and performance by Seller of the Transaction Documents, and the transactions contemplated therein.

 

(b)          Familiarity and Reliance. Guarantor is familiar with, and has independently reviewed books and records regarding, the financial condition of Seller and is familiar with the value of any and all collateral intended to be pledged as security for the payment of the Guaranteed Obligations; however, as between Purchaser and Guarantor, Guarantor is not relying on such financial condition or the collateral as an inducement to enter into this Guaranty.

 

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(c)          No Representation by Purchaser. Neither Purchaser nor any other party on Purchaser’s behalf has made any representation, warranty or statement to Guarantor in order to induce Guarantor to execute this Guaranty.

 

(d)          Organization. Guarantor (i) is duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the laws and regulations of the jurisdiction of its formation, (ii) has the corporate power to own and hold the assets it purports to own and hold, and to carry on its business as now being conducted and proposed to be conducted and (iii) has the corporate power to execute, deliver, and perform its obligations under this Guarantee.

 

(e)          Authority. Guarantor is duly authorized to execute and deliver this Guaranty and to perform its obligations under this Guaranty, and has taken all necessary action to authorize such execution, delivery and performance, and each person signing this Guaranty on its behalf is duly authorized to do so on its behalf.

 

(f)          Due Execution and Delivery; Consideration. This Guaranty has been duly executed and delivered by Guarantor, for good and valuable consideration.

 

(g)          Enforceability. This Guaranty is a legal, valid and binding obligation of Guarantor, enforceable against Guarantor in accordance with its terms subject to bankruptcy, insolvency, and other limitations on creditors’ rights generally and to equitable principles.

 

(h)          Approvals and Consents. No consent, approval or other action of, or filing by, Guarantor with any Governmental Authority or any other Person is required to authorize, or is otherwise required in connection with, the execution, delivery and performance of this Guaranty (other than consents, approvals and filings required by Guarantor or its parent as a result of being a publicly traded company or that have been obtained or made, as applicable, and any such consents, approvals and filings that have been obtained are in full force and effect).

 

(i)          Licenses and Permits. Guarantor is duly licensed, qualified and in good standing in every jurisdiction where such licensing, qualification or standing is material to Guarantor’s business, and has all material licenses, permits and other consents that are necessary, for (i) the transaction of Guarantor’s business and ownership of Guarantor’s properties and (ii) the performance of its obligations under this Guaranty.

 

(j)          Non-Contravention. Neither the execution and delivery of this Guaranty, nor consummation by Guarantor of the transactions contemplated by this Guaranty, nor compliance by Guarantor with the terms, conditions and provisions of this Guaranty will conflict with or result in a breach of any of the terms, conditions or provisions of (i) the organizational documents of Guarantor, (ii) any agreement by which Guarantor is bound or to which any assets of Guarantor are subject or constitute a default thereunder, or result thereunder in the creation or imposition of any Lien upon any of the assets of Guarantor, other than pursuant to the Transaction Documents, (iii) any judgment or order, writ, injunction, decree or demand of any court applicable to Guarantor, or (iv) any applicable Requirement of Law.

 

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(k)          Litigation/Proceedings. Except as otherwise disclosed in writing to Purchaser, there is no action, suit, proceeding, investigation, or arbitration pending or, to the knowledge of Guarantor, threatened in writing against Guarantor, or any of its assets that (i) questions or challenges the validity or enforceability of any of the Transaction Documents or any action to be taken in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby or thereby, (ii) makes a claim in an aggregate amount greater than the Litigation Threshold or (iii) which, individually or in the aggregate, if adversely determined is reasonably likely to have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

(l)          Solvency. Guarantor, as of the Closing Date and each Purchase Date, has adequate capital for the normal obligations reasonably foreseeable in a business of its size and character and in light of its contemplated business operations. Guarantor, as of the Closing Date and each Purchase Date, is generally able to pay, and intends to pay, its debts as they come due. As of the date hereof, and after giving effect to this Guaranty and the contingent obligation evidenced hereby, Guarantor is, and will be, solvent, and has, and will have, assets which, fairly valued, exceed its obligations, liabilities (including contingent liabilities fairly estimated) and debts, and has, and will have, property and assets sufficient to satisfy and repay its obligations and liabilities, as and when the same become due.

 

All representations and warranties made by Guarantor herein shall survive until payment in full of the Guaranteed Obligations (other than those Repurchase Obligations (including contingent reimbursement obligations and indemnity obligations) which, by their express terms, survive termination of the Master Repurchase Agreement).

 

ARTICLE V.
COVENANTS OF GUARANTOR

 

Guarantor covenants and agrees with Purchaser that, until payment in full of all Guaranteed Obligations (other than those Repurchase Obligations (including contingent reimbursement obligations and indemnity obligations) which, by their express terms, survive termination of the Transaction Documents) and termination of the Master Repurchase Agreement:

 

(a)          Corporate Change. Guarantor shall not change its jurisdiction of organization unless it shall have provided Purchaser at least ten (10) Business Days’ prior written notice of such change.

 

(b)          Reporting. Guarantor shall deliver (or cause to be delivered) to Purchaser all financial information and certificates with respect to Guarantor that are required to be delivered pursuant toArticle 12(b) of the Master Repurchase Agreement.

 

(c)          Preservation of Existence; Licenses. Guarantor shall at all times maintain and preserve its legal existence and all of the material rights, privileges, licenses, permits and franchises necessary for the operation of its business and for its performance under this Guaranty, except where failure to comply could not be reasonably likely to have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

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(d)          Compliance with Obligations. Guarantor shall at all times comply in all material respects (i) with its organizational documents, (ii) in all material respects with any agreements by which it is bound or to which its assets are subject and (iii) any Requirement of Law.

 

(e)          Books of Record and Accounts. Guarantor shall at all times keep proper books of records and accounts in which full, true and correct entries shall be made of its transactions fairly in accordance with GAAP, consistently applied, and set aside on its books from its earnings for each Fiscal Year all such proper reserves in accordance with GAAP, consistently applied.

 

(f)          Taxes and Other Charges. Guarantor shall pay and discharge all material taxes, assessments, levies, liens and other charges imposed on it, on its income or profits or on any of its property prior to the date on which penalties attach thereto, except for any such taxes, assessments, levies, liens and other charges which are being contested in good faith and by proper proceedings and against which adequate reserves are being maintained in accordance with GAAP.

 

(g)          Due Diligence. Guarantor shall permit Purchaser to conduct continuing due diligence in accordance withArticle 28 of the Master Repurchase Agreement.

 

(h)          No Change of Control. Guarantor shall not, without the prior consent of Purchaser, permit a Change of Control to occur.

 

(i)          Limitation on Distributions. After the occurrence and during the continuation of any monetary Default or Event of Default or the breach of any of the financial covenants set forth inArticle V(k) below, Guarantor shall not make any payment on account of, or set apart assets for, a sinking or other analogous fund for the purchase, redemption, defeasance, retirement or other acquisition of any equity or partnership interest of Guarantor (each, a “Distribution”), whether now or hereafter outstanding, or make any other distribution in respect thereof, either directly or indirectly, whether in cash or property or in obligations of Guarantor unless, before and immediately after giving effect to such Distribution Guarantor shall be in compliance with the covenants set forth inArticle V(k).

 

(j)          [Reserved]

 

(k)          Financial Covenants. Guarantor shall at all times satisfy the following financial covenants, as determined quarterly on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP, consistently applied:

 

(i)          Minimum Cash Liquidity. Guarantor’s Cash Liquidity shall not be less than the lower of (x) fifty million Dollars ($50,000,000.00) and (y) the greater of (A) ten million Dollars ($10,000,000.00) and (B) five percent (5%) of Guarantor’s Recourse Indebtedness.

 

 11 

 

 

(ii)         Minimum Consolidated Tangible Net Worth. Consolidated Tangible Net Worth at any time shall not be less than the sum of (i) sixty-five percent (65%) of the Consolidated Tangible Net Worth on the last day of the most recently completed Fiscal Quarter ended at least 90 days prior to the Closing Date, plus (ii) seventy-five percent (75%) of the net cash proceeds thereafter received by Guarantor (x) from any offering by Guarantor of its common equity and (y) from any offering by Colony NorthStar Credit Real Estate, Inc. of its common equity to the extent such net cash proceeds are contributed to Guarantor, excluding any such net cash proceeds that are contributed to Guarantor within ninety (90) days of receipt of such net cash proceeds and applied to purchase, redeem or otherwise acquire Capital Stock issued by Guarantor (or any direct or indirect parent thereof).

 

(iii)        Maximum Consolidated Leverage. The Consolidated Leverage Ratio at any time shall not exceed 0.75 to 1.00.

 

(iv)         Minimum Interest Coverage Ratio. As of any date of determination, the ratio of (i) Consolidated EBITDA for the period of twelve (12) consecutive months ended on such date (if such date is the last day of a Fiscal Quarter) or the Fiscal Quarter most recently ended prior to such date (if such date is not the last day of a Fiscal Quarter) to (ii) Consolidated Interest Expense for such period shall not be less than 1.4 to 1.

 

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary therein or elsewhere, (i) in the event that Guarantor, Seller or any Subsidiary of Guarantor has entered into or shall enter into or amend any other commercial real estate loan repurchase agreement, warehouse facility or credit facility with any other lender or repurchase buyer (each as in effect after giving effect to all amendments thereof, a “Third Party Agreement”) and such Third Party Agreement contains any financial covenant as to Guarantor for which there is no corresponding financial covenant in this Guaranty at the time such financial covenant becomes effective (each an “Additional Financial Covenant”), or contains a financial covenant that corresponds to a financial covenant in this Guaranty and such financial covenant is more restrictive as to Guarantor than the corresponding financial covenant in this Guaranty as in effect at the time such financial covenant becomes effective (each, a “More Restrictive Financial Covenant” and together with each Additional Financial Covenant, each an “MFN Covenant”), then (A) Guarantor shall promptly notify Purchaser of the effectiveness of such MFN Covenant and (B) the financial covenants contained in this Guaranty shall automatically be deemed to be modified to reflect such MFN Covenant (whether through amendment of an existing financial covenant contained in this Guaranty (including, if applicable, related definitions) or the inclusion of an additional financial covenant (including, if applicable, related definitions), as applicable), and (ii) in the event that all Third Party Agreements that contain an MFN Covenant are or have been amended, modified or terminated and the effect thereof is to make less restrictive as to Guarantor any MFN Covenant or eliminate any Additional Financial Covenant, then, upon Guarantor providing written notice to Purchaser of the same (each an “MFN Step Down Notice”), which Guarantor may deliver to Purchaser from time to time, the financial covenants in this Guaranty shall automatically be deemed to be modified to reflect only such MFN Covenants which are then in effect as of the date of any such MFN Step Down Notice;provided,however, that in no event will the foregoing cause the financial covenants of Guarantor to be any less restrictive than the financial covenants expressly set forth in this Guaranty. Promptly upon request by Purchaser, Guarantor shall be required to execute and take any and all acts, amendments, supplements, modifications and assurances and other instruments as Purchaser may reasonably require from time to time in order to document any such modification and otherwise carry out the intent and purposes of this paragraph.

 

 12 

 

 

ARTICLE VI.
MISCELLANEOUS

 

(a)          Waiver. No failure to exercise, and no delay in exercising, on the part of Purchaser, any right hereunder shall operate as a waiver thereof, nor shall any single or partial exercise thereof preclude any other or further exercise thereof or the exercise of any other right. The rights of Purchaser hereunder shall be in addition to all other rights provided by law. No modification or waiver of any provision of this Guaranty, nor consent to departure therefrom, shall be effective unless in writing signed by Purchaser and Guarantor and no such consent or waiver shall extend beyond the particular case and purpose involved. No notice or demand given in any case shall constitute a waiver of the right to take other action in the same, similar or other instances without such notice or demand (except to the extent such a notice or demand is required by the terms hereof).

 

(b)          Set-Off. Purchaser and its Affiliates are hereby authorized at any time and from time to time upon the occurrence and during the continuance of an Event of Default, without notice to Guarantor, to set-off and apply any and all deposits (general or special, time or demand, provisional or final, in whatever currency) at any time held and other obligations (in whatever currency) at any time owing by Purchaser or any such Affiliate to or for the credit or the account of Guarantor against any and all of the obligations of Guarantor now or hereafter existing under this Guaranty or any other Transaction Document to Purchaser or any of its Affiliates, irrespective of whether or not Purchaser or any such Affiliate shall have made any demand under this Guaranty or any other Transaction Document and although such obligations of Guarantor may be contingent or unmatured or are owed to a branch or office of Purchaser or such Affiliate different from the branch, office or Affiliate holding such deposit or obligated on such indebtedness. The rights of Purchaser and its Affiliates under thisArticle VI(b) are in addition to other rights and remedies (including other rights of setoff) that they may have. Purchaser shall give written notice to Guarantor of any set-off affected under thisArticle VI(b) to the extent it is not prohibited from doing so by applicable law.

 

(c)          Notices. Unless otherwise provided in this Guaranty, all notices, consents, approvals and requests required or permitted hereunder shall be given in writing and shall be effective for all purposes if sent by (i) hand delivery, with proof of delivery, (ii) certified or registered United States mail, postage prepaid, (iii) expedited prepaid delivery service, either commercial or United States Postal Service, with proof of delivery, or (iv) by electronic mail,provided that, other than with respect to day-to-day notices delivered under this Guaranty and other than with respect to any notices delivered underArticle V(a), such electronic mail notice must also be delivered by one of the means set forth in (i), (ii), or (ii) above unless the sender of such communication receives a verbal or electronic confirmation acknowledging receipt thereof (for the avoidance of doubt, any automatically generated email or any similar automatic response shall not constitute confirmation), to the address specified below or at such other address and person as shall be designated from time to time by Guarantor or Purchaser, as the case may be, in a written notice to the other parties hereto in the manner provided for in thisArticle V(c). A notice shall be deemed to have been given: (x) in the case of hand delivery, at the time of delivery, if on a Business Day, and otherwise on the next occurring Business Day, (y) in the case of registered or certified mail or expedited prepaid delivery, when delivered, if on a Business Day, and otherwise on the next occurring Business Day, or upon the first attempted delivery on a Business Day or (z) in the case of electronic mail, upon receipt of a verbal or electronic confirmation acknowledging receipt thereof (for the avoidance of doubt, any automatically generated email or any similar automatic response shall not constitute confirmation). A party receiving a notice that does not comply with the technical requirements for notice under thisArticle V(c) may elect to waive any deficiencies and treat the notice as having been properly given.

 

 13 

 

 

 Guarantor:Credit RE Operating Company, LLC
  c/o CLNC Manager, LLC
  590 Madison Avenue, 34th Floor
  New York, New York 10022
  Attention:  David A. Palamé
  Telephone:  (212) ###-####
  Email:  ##########@clns.com
   
 with copies to:Ropes & Gray LLP
  1211 Avenue of the Americas
  New York, New York 10036-8704
  Attention: Daniel L. Stanco
  Telephone: (212) ###-####
  Email: ##########@ropesgray.com

 

(d)          GOVERNING LAW. THIS GUARANTY SHALL BE CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, AND THE OBLIGATIONS, RIGHTS, AND REMEDIES OF THE PARTIES HEREUNDER SHALL BE DETERMINED IN ACCORDANCE WITH SUCH LAWS WITHOUT REGARD TO THE CONFLICT OF LAWS DOCTRINE APPLIED IN SUCH STATE (OTHER THAN SECTIONS 5-1401 AND 5-1402 OF THE GENERAL OBLIGATIONS LAW OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK).

 

(e)          SUBMISSION TO JURISDICTION; WAIVERS.

 

(i)          Guarantor and, by its acceptance of this Guaranty, Purchaser, each irrevocably and unconditionally (A) submits to the exclusive jurisdiction of any United States Federal or New York State court sitting in Manhattan, and any appellate court from any such court, solely for the purpose of any suit, action or proceeding brought to enforce its obligations under this Guaranty or relating in any way to this Guaranty, the Master Repurchase Agreement or any Transaction under the Master Repurchase Agreement and (B) waives, to the fullest extent it may effectively do so, any defense of an inconvenient forum to the maintenance of such action or proceeding in any such court and any right of jurisdiction on account of its place of residence or domicile.

 

(ii)         To the extent that Guarantor has or hereafter may acquire any immunity (sovereign or otherwise) from any legal action, suit or proceeding, from jurisdiction of any court or from set off or any legal process (whether service or notice, attachment prior to judgment, attachment in aid of execution of judgment, execution of judgment or otherwise) with respect to itself or any of its property, Guarantor hereby irrevocably waives and agrees not to plead or claim such immunity in respect of any action brought to enforce its obligations under this Guaranty or relating in any way to this Guaranty, the Master Repurchase Agreement or any Transaction under the Master Repurchase Agreement.

 

 14 

 

 

(iii)        Guarantor and, by its acceptance of this Guaranty, Purchaser, each hereby irrevocably consents to the service of any summons and complaint and any other process by the mailing of copies of such process to it at its address specified herein. Guarantor and, by its acceptance of this Guaranty, Purchaser, each hereby agrees that a final judgment in any such action or proceeding shall be conclusive and may be enforced in other jurisdictions by suit on the judgment or in any other manner provided by law. Nothing in thisArticle VI(e) shall affect the right of Purchaser to serve legal process in any other manner permitted by law, and nothing in thisArticle VI(e) shall affect the right of Guarantor to serve legal process in any other manner permitted by law.

 

(iv)         GUARANTOR HEREBY IRREVOCABLY WAIVES ALL RIGHT TO A TRIAL BY JURY IN ANY ACTION, PROCEEDING OR COUNTERCLAIM ARISING OUT OF OR RELATING TO THIS GUARANTY, ANY OTHER TRANSACTION DOCUMENT OR ANY INSTRUMENT OR DOCUMENT DELIVERED HEREUNDER OR THEREUNDER.

 

(f)          Invalid Provisions. If any provision of this Guaranty is held to be illegal, invalid, or unenforceable under present or future laws effective during the term of this Guaranty, such provision shall be fully severable and this Guaranty shall be construed and enforced as if such illegal, invalid or unenforceable provision had never comprised a part of this Guaranty, and the remaining provisions of this Guaranty shall remain in full force and effect and shall not be affected by the illegal, invalid or unenforceable provision or by its severance from this Guaranty.

 

(g)          Amendments. This Guaranty may be amended only by an instrument in writing executed by Guarantor and Purchaser.

 

(h)          Parties Bound; Assignment. This Guaranty shall be binding upon and inure to the benefit of the parties hereto and their respective successors, assigns and legal representatives;provided,however, that Guarantor may not, without the prior written consent of Purchaser, assign any of its rights, powers, duties or obligations hereunder. Purchaser may assign or transfer its rights under this Guaranty in accordance with the transfer of assignment provisions of the Master Repurchase Agreement.

 

(i)          Headings. Section headings are for convenience of reference only and shall in no way affect the interpretation or construction of this Guaranty.

 

(j)          Recitals. The recital and introductory paragraphs hereof are a part hereof, form a basis for this Guaranty and shall be considered prima facie evidence of the facts and documents referred to therein.

 

 15 

 

 

(k)          Rights and Remedies. If Guarantor becomes liable for any indebtedness owing by Seller to Purchaser, by endorsement or otherwise, other than under this Guaranty, such liability shall not be in any manner impaired or affected hereby and the rights of Purchaser hereunder shall be cumulative of any and all other rights that Purchaser may ever have against Guarantor. The exercise by Purchaser of any right or remedy hereunder or under any other instrument, or at law or in equity, shall not preclude the concurrent or subsequent exercise of any other right or remedy.

 

(l)          Entirety. This Guaranty embodies the final, entire agreement of Guarantor and Purchaser with respect to Guarantor’s guaranty of the Guaranteed Obligations and supersedes any and all prior commitments, agreements, representations, and understandings, whether written or oral, relating to the subject matter hereof. This Guaranty is intended by Guarantor and Purchaser as a final and complete expression of the terms of the guaranty, and no course of dealing between Guarantor and Purchaser, no course of performance, no trade practices, and no evidence of prior, contemporaneous or subsequent oral agreements or discussions or other extrinsic evidence of any nature shall be used to contradict, vary, supplement or modify any term of this Guaranty. There are no oral agreements between Guarantor and Purchaser relating to the subject matter hereof.

 

(m)          Intent. Guarantor acknowledges and intends (i) that this Guaranty constitute a “securities contract” as that term is defined in Section 741(7)(A)(xi) of the Bankruptcy Code to the extent of damages as measured in accordance with Section 562 of the Bankruptcy Code and (ii) that this Guaranty constitutes a “master netting agreement” as that term is defined in Section 101(38A)(A) of the Bankruptcy Code to the extent of damages as measured in accordance with Section 562 of the Bankruptcy Code.

 

[SIGNATURE ON NEXT PAGE]

 

 16 

 

 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned executed this Guaranty as of the day first written above.

 

 CREDIT RE OPERATING COMPANY, LLC, as Guarantor
   
 By: 
   Name:
   Title:

 

Barclays-Colony – Guaranty

 

  

 

 

EXHIBIT A

 

FINANCIAL COVENANT DEFINITIONS

 

Available Borrowing Capacity” shall mean, on any date of determination, the total unrestricted borrowing capacity which may be drawn (taking into account required reserves and discounts) upon by Guarantor and its Subsidiaries under any credit facilities (excluding repurchase agreements or note on note facilities), but with respect to any such credit facility, solely to the extent that such available borrowing capacity is committed by the related lender.

 

Capital Expenditures” means, with respect to any Person for any period, the aggregate of all expenditures by such Person and its Subsidiaries for the acquisition or leasing (pursuant to a capital lease) of fixed or capital assets or additions to equipment (including replacements, capitalized repairs and improvements during such period) that should be capitalized under GAAP on a consolidated balance sheet of such Person and its Subsidiaries.

 

Cash” shall mean coin or currency of the United States of America or immediately available federal funds, including such funds delivered by wire transfer.

 

Cash Equivalents” shall mean, as of any date of determination, (a) marketable securities (i) issued or the principal and interest of which are directly and unconditionally guaranteed by the United States or (ii) issued by any agency of the United States, the obligations of which are backed by the full faith and credit of the United States and (b) time deposits, certificates of deposit, money market accounts or banker’s acceptances of any investment grade rated commercial bank, in each case with respect to clauses (a) and (b) which mature within ninety (90) days after such date of determination.

 

Cash Liquidity” shall mean, with respect to any Person and its Consolidated Subsidiaries on any date, the sum of (a) Cash and Cash Equivalents and (b) Available Borrowing Capacity.

 

Consolidated EBITDA” means, with respect to any Person for any period, Core Earnings plus an amount which, in the determination of Core Earnings for such period, has been deducted (and not added back) for, without duplication, (i) Consolidated Interest Expense, (ii) provisions for taxes based on income of such Person and its Consolidated Subsidiaries (provided that Consolidated EBITDA shall, solely with respect to the Consolidated EBITDA attributable to any Non Wholly-Owned Consolidated Affiliate, only include the Consolidated Group Pro Rata Share of such attributable amount), and (iii) preferred dividends.

 

Consolidated Group Pro Rata Share” means, with respect to any Non Wholly-Owned Consolidated Affiliate, the percentage interest held by Guarantor and its Wholly Owned Subsidiaries, in the aggregate, in such Non Wholly-Owned Consolidated Affiliate determined by calculating the percentage of Capital Stock of such Non Wholly-Owned Consolidated Affiliate owned by Guarantor and its Wholly Owned Subsidiaries.

 

 A-1 

 

 

Consolidated Interest Expense” shall mean, with respect to any Person for any period, total interest expense (including that attributable to Capital Lease Obligations) of such Person and its Consolidated Subsidiaries for such period with respect to all outstanding Indebtedness of such Person and its Consolidated Subsidiaries (including all commissions, discounts and other fees and charges owed with respect to letters of credit and bankers’ acceptance financing and net costs under Swap Agreements in respect of interest rates to the extent such net costs are allocable to such period in accordance with GAAP); provided that Consolidated Interest Expense shall, with respect to any Non Wholly-Owned Consolidated Affiliate, only include the Consolidated Group Pro Rata Share of the total cash interest expense (determined in accordance with GAAP) of such Non Wholly-Owned Consolidated Affiliate for such period.

 

Consolidated Leverage Ratio” means, with respect to any Person on any date of determination, the ratio of (a) Consolidated Total Debt on such day to (b) Total Asset Value as of such date.

 

Consolidated Subsidiaries” means, with respect to any Person, all Subsidiaries of such Person which are consolidated with such Person for financial reporting purposes under GAAP.

Consolidated Tangible Net Worth” means, for any Person on any date of determination, all amounts that would, in conformity with GAAP, be included on a consolidated balance sheet of such Person and its Consolidated Subsidiaries under stockholders’ equity at such dateplus(i) accumulated depreciation and (ii) amortization of real estate intangibles such as in-place lease value, above and below market lease value and deferred leasing costs which are purchase price allocations determined upon the acquisition of real estate, in each case, of such Person and its Consolidated Subsidiaries on such date (provided that the amounts described in the foregoing clauses (i) and (ii) shall, solely with respect to any such amount attributable to any Non Wholly-Owned Consolidated Affiliate, only include the Consolidated Group Pro Rata Share of such attributable amount)minus the Intangible Assets of such Person and its Consolidated Subsidiaries on such date (provided that any such amount deducted with respect to deferred financing costs shall, solely with respect to any such amount attributable to any Non Wholly-Owned Consolidated Affiliate, only include the Consolidated Group Pro Rata Share of such attributable amount).

 

Consolidated Total Debt” means, with respect to any Person on any date of determination, the aggregate principal amount of all Indebtedness of the such Person and its Consolidated Subsidiaries at such date, determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP;provided that Consolidated Total Debt shall (i) exclude any Indebtedness attributable to a Specified GAAP Reportable B Loan Transaction, (ii) exclude all Permitted Non-Recourse CLO Indebtedness and (iii) solely with respect to the Indebtedness of any Non Wholly-Owned Consolidated Affiliate, only include the Consolidated Group Pro Rata Share of such Indebtedness.

 

 A-2 

 

 

Core Earnings” means, with respect to any Person for any period, net income determined in accordance with GAAP of such Person and its consolidated subsidiaries and excluding (but only to the extent included in determining net income for such period) (i) non-cash equity compensation expense, (ii) the expenses incurred in connection with the formation of Sponsor and the offering in connection therewith, including the initial underwriting discounts and commissions, (iii) acquisition costs from successful acquisitions (other than acquisitions made in the ordinary course of business), (iv) real property depreciation and amortization, (v) any unrealized gains or losses or other similar non-cash items that are included in net income for the current quarter, regardless of whether such items are included in other comprehensive income or loss, (vi) extraordinary or non-recurring gains or losses and (vii) one-time expenses, charges or gains relating to changes in GAAP;provided that Core Earnings shall, solely with respect to the Core Earnings attributable to any Non Wholly-Owned Consolidated Affiliate, only include the Consolidated Group Pro Rata Share of such attributable amount.

 

Customary Recourse Exceptions” means, with respect to any Non-Recourse Indebtedness, exclusions from the exculpation provisions with respect to such Non-Recourse Indebtedness such as fraud, misapplication of cash, voluntary bankruptcy, environmental claims, breach of representations and warranties, failure to pay taxes and insurance, as applicable, and other circumstances customarily excluded by institutional lenders from exculpation provisions and/or included in separate indemnification agreements in non-recourse financings of commercial real estate.

 

Fiscal Quarter” shall mean a fiscal quarter of any Fiscal Year.

 

Fiscal Year” shall mean the fiscal year of Guarantor ending on December 31 of each calendar year.

 

Indebtedness” means, as to any Person at a particular time, without duplication, the following to the extent they are included as indebtedness or liabilities in accordance with GAAP: (a) obligations created, issued or incurred by such Person for borrowed money (whether by loan, the issuance and sale of debt securities or the sale of property to another Person subject to an understanding or agreement, contingent or otherwise, to repurchase such property from such Person); (b) obligations of such Person to pay the deferred purchase or acquisition price of property or services, other than trade accounts payable (other than for borrowed money) arising, and accrued expenses incurred, in the ordinary course of business so long as such trade accounts payable are payable within sixty (60) days of the date the respective goods are delivered or the respective services are rendered; (c) Indebtedness of others secured by a lien on the property of such Person, whether or not the respective Indebtedness so secured has been assumed by such Person; (d) obligations (contingent or otherwise) of such Person in respect of letters of credit or similar instruments issued or accepted by banks and other financial institutions for the account of such Person; (e) Capital Lease Obligations of such Person; (f) obligations of such Person under repurchase agreements, sale/buy-back agreements or like arrangements; (g) Indebtedness of others Guaranteed by such Person; (h) all obligations of such Person incurred in connection with the acquisition or carrying of fixed assets by such Person; (i) Indebtedness of general partnerships of which such Person is a general partner; and (j) all net liabilities or obligations under any interest rate swap, interest rate cap, interest rate floor, interest rate collar or other hedging instrument or agreement.

 

Intangible Assets” means assets that are considered to be intangible assets under GAAP, including customer lists, goodwill, computer software, copyrights, trade names, trademarks, patents, franchises, licenses, unamortized deferred charges (including deferred financing costs), unamortized debt discount and capitalized research and development costs;provided, however, that Intangible Assets shall not include real estate intangibles such as in-place lease value, above and below market lease value and deferred leasing costs which are purchase price allocations determined upon the acquisition of real estate.

 

 A-3 

 

 

Interest Coverage Ratio” shall mean, with respect to any Person, as of any date of determination, the ratio of (a) Consolidated EBITDA to (b) Consolidated Interest Expense, in each case, of such Person for the four consecutive Fiscal Quarters most recently ended.

 

Moody’s” means Moody’s Investors Service, Inc., and its successors-in-interest.

 

Non-Recourse Indebtedness” means, Indebtedness that is not Recourse Indebtedness.

 

Non Wholly-Owned Consolidated Affiliate” means each Consolidated Subsidiary of Guarantor in which less than 100% of each class of the Capital Stock (other than directors’ qualifying shares, if applicable) of such Consolidated Subsidiary are at the time owned, directly or indirectly, by Guarantor.

 

Permitted Non-Recourse CLO Indebtedness” means Indebtedness that is (i) incurred by a Subsidiary of Guarantor in the form of asset-backed securities commonly referred to as “collateralized loan obligations” or “collateralized debt obligations” and (ii) is Non-Recourse Indebtedness.

 

Recourse Indebtedness” shall mean, with respect to any Person, for any period, without duplication, the aggregate Indebtedness in respect of which such Person is subject to recourse for payment, whether as a borrower, guarantor or otherwise; provided, that Indebtedness arising pursuant to the Customary Recourse Exceptions shall not constitute Recourse Indebtedness until such time (if any) as demand has been made for the payment or performance of such Indebtedness.

 

S&P” means Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services, a Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC business, and its successors-in-interest.

 

Specified GAAP Reportable B Loan Transaction” means a transaction involving either (i) the sale by the Guarantor or any Subsidiary of Guarantor of the portion of an investment consisting of an “A-Note”, and the retention by the Guarantor or any Subsidiary of Guarantor of the portion of such investment asset consisting of a “B-Note”, which transaction is required to be accounted for under GAAP as a “financing transaction” or (ii) the acquisition or retention by the Guarantor or any of its Subsidiaries of an investment asset consisting of a “b-piece” in a securitization facility, which transaction under GAAP results in all of the assets of the trust that is party to the securitization facility, and all of the bonds issued by such trust under such securitization facility that are senior to the “b-piece”, to be consolidated on the Guarantor’s consolidated balance sheet as assets and liabilities, respectively.

 

Swap Agreement” means any agreement with respect to any swap, forward, future or derivative transaction or option or similar agreement involving, or settled by reference to, one or more rates, currencies, commodities, equity or debt instruments or securities, or economic, financial or pricing indices or measures of economic, financial or pricing risk or value or any similar transaction or any combination of these transactions; provided that no phantom stock or similar plan providing for payments only on account of services provided by current or former directors, officers, employees or consultants of Guarantor or any of its Subsidiaries shall be a “Swap Agreement”.

 

 A-4 

 

 

Total Asset Value” means, with respect to any Person as of any date of determination, the net book value of the total assets of such Person and its Consolidated Subsidiaries on such date as determined in accordance with GAAP plus (x) accumulated depreciation and (y) amortization of real estate intangibles; provided, that Total Asset Value shall (i) exclude the amount of all restricted cash (other than reserves for Capital Expenditures) of such Person and its Consolidated Subsidiaries to the extent such cash supports obligations that do not constitute Consolidated Total Debt, (ii) include the net book value of assets associated with a Specified GAAP Reportable B Loan Transaction only to the extent in excess of the amount of any Indebtedness attributable to such Specified GAAP Reportable B Loan Transaction, (iii) include the net book value of assets associated with any Permitted Non-Recourse CLO Indebtedness and (iv) solely with respect to the net book value of the total assets of a Non Wholly-Owned Consolidated Affiliate, only include the Consolidated Group Pro Rata Share of the net book value of such Non Wholly-Owned Consolidated Affiliate’s total assets.

 

Wholly Owned Subsidiary” means, with respect to any Person, any other Person all of the Capital Stock of which (other than directors’ qualifying shares required by law) is owned by such Person directly and/or through other Wholly Owned Subsidiaries.

 

 A-5