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Digital Media Solutions (DMS)

Filed: 9 Nov 21, 4:15pm



Prospectus Supplement No. 13
(to prospectus dated August 7, 2020)
Filed Pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3)
Registration No. 333-240278

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DIGITAL MEDIA SOLUTIONS, INC.
73,444,102 Shares of Class A Common Stock
4,000,000 Warrants to Purchase Class A Common Stock

 
This prospectus supplement relates to the prospectus dated August 7, 2020, as supplemented thereafter (the “Prospectus”), related to (i) the issuance by Digital Media Solutions, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“DMS”), of up to 13,999,078 shares of its Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (“Class A Common Stock”), upon exercise of warrants to purchase Class A Common Stock at an exercise price of $11.50 per share (“DMS Warrants”) and (ii) the offer and sale, from time to time, by the selling holders identified in the Prospectus, or their permitted transferees, of (A) up to 59,445,024 shares of Class A Common Stock and (B) up to 4,000,000 DMS Warrants.
This prospectus supplement is being filed to update and supplement the information contained in the Prospectus with the information contained in DMS’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on November 9, 2021, which is attached to this prospectus supplement.
This prospectus supplement updates and supplements the information in the Prospectus and is not complete without, and may not be delivered or utilized except in combination with, the Prospectus, including any amendments or supplements thereto. This prospectus supplement should be read in conjunction with the Prospectus and if there is any inconsistency between the information in the Prospectus and this prospectus supplement, you should rely on the information in this prospectus supplement.
The Class A Common Stock and DMS Warrants are traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbols “DMS” and “DMS WS,” respectively.

 
Investing in our securities involves risks. See “Risk Factors” beginning on page 24 of the Prospectus and in any applicable prospectus supplement.
Neither the SEC nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or passed upon the adequacy or accuracy of the Prospectus or this prospectus supplement. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 
The date of this prospectus supplement is November 9, 2021.






UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2021
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from  _________ to __________
_______________________________________
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Digital Media Solutions, Inc.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
_______________________________________
Delaware001-3839398-1399727
(State of incorporation)(Commission File Number)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
4800 140th Avenue N. , Suite 101, Clearwater, Florida33762
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)(Zip Code)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (877) 236-8632

(Former Name or Former Address, if Changed Since Last Report)
_______________________________________
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading
Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange
on which registered
Class A common stock, $0.0001 par value per shareDMSNew York Stock Exchange
Redeemable warrants to acquire Class A common stockDMS WSNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company


If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No ☒
As of November 2, 2021, 36,191,189 shares of the registrant’s Class A common stock; 25,699,464 of the registrant’s Class B common stock, par value $0.0001 per share; and 13,999,078 warrants to purchase shares of the registrant’s Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, were issued and outstanding.



Digital Media Solutions, Inc.
Table of Contents


Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

References in this document to the “Registrant,” “DMS Inc.,” “DMS,” the “Company,” “we,” “management,” “us” or “our” refers to Digital Media Solutions, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries, except where the context otherwise requires or indicates.

This Quarterly Report, particularly Part I. Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) and Part II. Item 1A. Risk Factors, and the documents we incorporate into this Quarterly Report contain certain statements that are, or may be deemed to be, forward-looking statements within the meaning of that term in Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), and are made in reliance upon the protections provided by such acts for forward-looking statements. These forward looking statements are often identified by words such as “expect,” “estimate,” “project,” “budget,” “forecast,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “plan,” “may,” “will,” “could,” “should,” “believes,” “predicts,” “potential,” “continue,” and similar expressions. These forward-looking statements include, without limitation, DMS’s expectations with respect to its future performance and its ability to implement its strategy, and are based on the beliefs and expectations of our management team from the information available at the time such statements are made. These forward-looking statements involve significant risks and uncertainties that could cause the actual results to differ materially from the expected results. Most of these factors are outside DMS’s control and are difficult to predict. Factors that may cause such differences include, but are not limited to: (1) the COVID-19 pandemic or other public health crises; (2) changes in client demand for our services and our ability to adapt to such changes; (3) the entry of new competitors in the market; (4) the ability to maintain and attract consumers and advertisers in the face of changing economic or competitive conditions; (5) the ability to maintain, grow and protect the data DMS obtains from consumers and advertisers; (6) the performance of DMS’s technology infrastructure; (7) the ability to protect DMS’s intellectual property rights; (8) the ability to successfully source and complete acquisitions and to integrate the operations of companies DMS acquires, including the Crisp Results assets and Aimtell, PushPros and Aramis Interactive; (9) the ability to improve and maintain adequate internal controls over financial and management systems, and remediate the identified material weakness; (10) changes in applicable laws or regulations and the ability to maintain compliance; (11) our substantial levels of indebtedness; (12) volatility in the trading price on the NYSE of our common stock and warrants; (13) fluctuations in value of our private placement warrants; and (14) other risks and uncertainties indicated from time to time in DMS’s filings with the


SEC, including those under “Risk Factors” in DMS’s Annual Report on Form 10-K/A for the year ended December 31, 2020, filed on May 18, 2021(“2020 Form 10-K/A”) and its subsequent filings with the SEC.

There may be additional risks that we consider immaterial or which are unknown, and it is not possible to predict or identify all such risks.

DMS cautions that the foregoing list of factors is not exclusive. DMS cautions readers not to place undue reliance upon any forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date made. DMS does not undertake or accept any obligation or undertaking to release publicly any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statements to reflect any change in its expectations or any change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based.





PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
DIGITAL MEDIA SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)
(in thousands, except per share data)
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
As Restated
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$18,732 $31,397 
Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $4,459 and $3,121, respectively54,386 42,085 
Prepaid and other current assets5,326 2,943 
Income tax receivable2,013 474 
Total current assets80,457 76,899 
Property and equipment, net19,719 15,016 
Goodwill67,127 44,904 
Intangible assets, net80,914 46,447 
Deferred tax assets18,682 18,948 
Other assets965 206 
Total assets$267,864 $202,420 
LIABILITIES AND DEFICIT
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$42,289 $37,191 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities8,542 9,886 
Current portion of long-term debt2,250 7,967 
Income tax payable160 1,413 
Short-term Tax Receivable Agreement liability1,551 510 
Contingent consideration payable - current6,166 — 
Total current liabilities60,958 56,967 

Long-term debt215,767 193,591 
Long-term Tax Receivable Agreement liability15,295 15,760 
Deferred tax liability6,170 7,024 
Private Placement Warrant liabilities8,240 22,080 
Contingent consideration payable - non-current997 — 
Deferred acquisition consideration payable4,713 — 
Other non-current liabilities1,970 2,683 
Total liabilities314,110 298,105 
Stockholders' deficit:
Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value, 100,000 shares authorized; none issued and outstanding at September 30, 2021— — 
Class A common stock, $0.0001 par value, 500,000 shares authorized; 36,168 issued and outstanding at September 30, 2021
Class B common stock, $0.0001 par value, 60,000 shares authorized; 25,999 issued and 25,699 outstanding at September 30, 2021
Class C common stock, $0.0001 par value, 40,000 authorized; none issued and outstanding at September 30, 2021— — 
Additional paid-in capital$(27,717)$(48,027)
Retained earnings2,799 (3,146)
Total stockholders' deficit(24,911)(51,167)
Non-controlling interest$(21,335)$(44,518)
Total deficit(46,246)(95,685)
Total liabilities and deficit$267,864 $202,420 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.





DIGITAL MEDIA SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
(in thousands, except per share data)
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
20212020 As Restated20212020 As Restated
Net revenue$107,399 $82,829 $309,281 $230,753 
Cost of revenue76,139 57,777 216,680 160,338 
Salaries and related costs12,449 7,882 34,426 24,114 
General and administrative expenses11,161 6,807 28,675 16,756 
Acquisition costs(2,665)3,248 (705)3,322 
Depreciation and amortization7,186 4,636 19,649 13,307 
Income from operations$3,129 $2,479 $10,556 $12,916 
Interest expense3,756 3,421 10,635 10,702 
Change in fair value of warrant liabilities(6,400)(3,840)(13,835)(3,840)
Debt extinguishment— — 2,108 — 
Net income before income taxes$5,773 $2,898 $11,648 $6,054 
Income tax expense379 1,636 1,527 1,901 
Net income$5,394 $1,262 $10,121 $4,153 
Net income attributable to non-controlling interest1,858 2,463 4,217 2,463 
Net income (loss) attributable to Digital Media Solutions, Inc.$3,536 $(1,201)$5,904 $1,690 
Weighted-average shares outstanding - basic36,511 32,294 35,050 32,294 
Weighted-average shares outstanding - diluted63,321 32,294 61,988 32,294 
Earnings per share attributable to Digital Media Solutions, Inc.:
Basic earnings per common shares$0.10 $0.09 $0.17 $0.09 
Diluted earnings per common shares$0.09 $0.09 $0.16 $0.09 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
2


DIGITAL MEDIA SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY (DEFICIT)
(Unaudited)
(in thousands, except share data)
Class A
Common Stock
Class B
Common Stock
Additional Paid-in CapitalRetained EarningsTotal
Stockholders' Deficit
Non-
controlling
Interest
SharesAmountSharesAmountTotal Deficit
Balance, December 31, 2020 (As Restated)32,393 $25,999 $$(48,027)$(3,146)$(51,167)$(44,518)$(95,685)
Net income (loss)— $— — $— $— $(119)$(119)$(93)$(212)
Shares issued in connection with acquisition of Aramis, PushPros and Aimtell (Note 6)1,293 $— — $— $9,384 $— $9,384 $5,616 $15,000 
Exercise of warrants to issue Class A common stock$— — $— $17 $— $17 $— $17 
Stock-based compensation— $— — $— $1,365 $— $1,365 $— $1,365 
Other— $— — $— $— $— $— $(21)$(21)
Balance, March 31, 202133,687 $25,999 $$(37,261)$(3,265)$(40,520)$(39,016)$(79,536)
Net income— — — — — 2,528 2,528 2,411 $4,939 
Shares issued in connection with acquisition of Crisp Results (Note 6)1,595 $— — $— $11,513 $— $11,513 $8,310 $19,823 
Prism shares redeemed and issued to Class A Common Stock300 $— (300)$— $192 $— $192 $— $192 
Directors and employee vested units redeemed82— — — $— — $— $— $— 
Stock-based compensation— $— — $— $1,394 $— $1,394 $— $1,394 
SmarterChaos DMSH units redeemed and issued to Class A Common Stock (1)
154 $— — $— $392 $— $392 $— $392 
Impact of transactions affecting non-controlling interest (2)
— $— — $— $(3,788)$— $(3,788)$3,788 $— 
Other (3)
— $— — $— $(84)$— $(84)$(27)$(111)
Balance, June 30, 202135,818 $25,699 (27,642)(737)$(28,373)$(24,534)$(52,907)

3


Class A
Common Stock
Class B
Common Stock
Additional Paid-in CapitalRetained EarningsTotal
Stockholders' Deficit
Non-
controlling
Interest
Members'
Deficit
Total Deficit
SharesAmountSharesAmount
Net income— — — — — 3,536 3,536 1,858 — $5,394 
Employee vested units redeemed350 $— — $— $— $— — $— $— $— 
Stock-based compensation— $— — $— $1,583 $— $1,583 $— $— $1,583 
Impact of transactions affecting non-controlling interest (2)
— $— — $— $(1,416)$— $(1,416)$1,416 $— $— 
Correction of Business Combination Tax Receivable Agreement— $— — $— $(322)$— $(322)$— $— $(322)
Other (3)
— $— — $— $80 $— $80 $(75)$— $
Balance, September 30, 202136,168 $25,699 (27,717)2,799 $(24,911)$(21,335)$— $(46,246)
(1) On June 30, 2021, the sellers of SmarterChaos redeemed approximately one-half of their non-controlling interest held through DMSH Units in exchange for Class A Common Stock in DMS Inc. The non-controlling interest held by the Sellers of SmarterChaos did not include related Class B Common Stock to be retired upon redemption.
(2) The carrying amount of non-controlling interest was adjusted primarily to reflect the change in ownership interest caused by additional controlling shares contributed as a result of the Crisp acquisition and non-controlling redemptions by Prism and the Sellers of SmarterChaos.
(3) Includes costs associated with the issuance of equity shares, other distribution costs, and other tax adjustments associated with the Tax Receivable Agreement.


4


Class A
Common Stock
Class B
Common Stock
Additional Paid-in CapitalRetained EarningsTotal
Stockholders' Deficit
Non-
controlling
Interest
Members'
Deficit
SharesAmountSharesAmountTotal Deficit
Balance, December 31, 2019— $— — $— $— $— $— $— $(106,258)$(106,258)
Net income— — — — $— — — — 757 757 
Member distributions— — — — $— — — — (170)(170)
Balance, March 31, 2020— $— — $— $— $— $— $— $(105,671)$(105,671)
Net income— — — — — — — — 2,134 2,134 
Balance, June 30, 2020— $— — $— $— $— $— $— $(103,537)$(103,537)
Net income (As restated)— $— — $— $— $3,036 $3,036 $2,462 $(4,236)$1,262 
Proceeds and shares issued in the Business Combination and the Conversion132,294 $25,857 $$(52,132)$4,204 $(47,922)$(40,646)$107,773 $19,205 
DMSH units issued in SmarterChaos acquisition— $— — $— $1,861 $— $1,861 $1,139 $— $3,000 
Balance, September 30, 2020 (As restated)32,294 $25,857 $$(50,271)$7,240 $(43,025)$(37,045)$— $(80,070)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
1 The restatement impact on the Company’s Proceeds in the Business Combination and Net income has changed by the fair value of Private Placement Warrant liabilities in Additional Paid-in Capital of $7.1 million, Retained Earnings of $1.9 million and Non-controlling interest of $4.2 million.
5


DIGITAL MEDIA SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
(in thousands)
Nine Months Ended September 30,
20212020 As Restated
Cash flows from operating activities
Net income$10,121 $4,153 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities
Depreciation and amortization19,649 13,307 
Lease restructuring charges(81)— 
Debt extinguishment2,108 — 
Provision for bad debt1,384 800 
Stock-based compensation, net of amounts capitalized3,976 — 
Payment of contingent consideration— (1,000)
Amortization of debt issuance costs1,006 699 
Deferred income tax provision, net(856)(1,261)
Other— 400 
Change in fair value of contingent consideration(2,525)— 
Change in fair value of warrant liability(13,835)(3,840)
Change in income tax receivable and payable(728)— 
Change in accounts receivable(7,324)(8,486)
Change in prepaid expenses and other current assets(2,121)(495)
Change in accounts payable and accrued expenses(2,367)3,210 
Change in other liabilities(516)(136)
Net cash provided by operating activities$7,891 $7,351 
Cash flows from investing activities
Additions to property and equipment$(7,875)$(7,481)
Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired(24,830)(2,799)
Net cash used in investing activities$(32,705)$(10,280)
Cash flows from financing activities
Proceeds from Business Combination— 29,278 
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt220,840 — 
Payments of long-term debt and notes payable(200,414)(3,423)
Proceeds from borrowings on revolving credit facilities11,000 10,000 
Payments of borrowings on revolving credit facilities(15,000)(11,000)
Payment of debt issuance costs(3,565)(264)
Payment of equity issuance(475)— 
Payment of early termination(188)— 
Proceeds from warrants exercised11 — 
Other(60)(170)
Net cash provided by financing activities$12,149 $24,421 
Net change in cash$(12,665)$21,492 
Cash, beginning of period31,397 3,008 
Cash, end of period$18,732 $24,500 
Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flow Information
Cash Paid During the Period For:
Interest$10,908 $10,070 
Income taxes, net$3,837 $1,570 
Non-Cash Investing and Financing Transactions:
Contingent and deferred acquisition consideration$11,877 $— 
Issuance of equity for Aimtell/PushPros/Aramis, Crisp Results and SmarterChaos$35,000 $3,000 
Stock-based compensation capitalized in Internally Developed Software$366 $— 
Capital expenditures included in accounts payable$550 $138 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
6

DIGITAL MEDIA SOLUTIONS, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
NOTE 1. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Business
Digital Media Solutions, Inc. (“DMS Inc.”) is a digital performance marketing company offering a diversified lead and software delivery platform that drives high value and high intent leads to its customers. As used in this Quarterly Report, the “Company” refers to DMS Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries, (including its wholly-owned subsidiary, CEP V DMS US Blocker Company, a Delaware corporation (“Blocker”)). The Company is headquartered in Clearwater, Florida. The Company primarily operates and derives most of its revenues in the United States.

Restatement of Previously Issued Financial Statements
The notes included herein should be read in conjunction with the Company’s restated audited consolidated financial statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K/A filed with the SEC on May 18, 2021 (the “2020 Form 10-K/A”).

As previously disclosed in our 2020 Form 10-K/A, we restated the Company’s previously issued consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2020, as well as each of the impacted quarters within 2020 to make the necessary accounting corrections related to our warrant accounting for the Private Placement warrants.

Correction of Tax Receivable Agreement Liability as of Business Combination date
Through the completion of the 2020 tax return during the current interim period, we identified an error recorded upon the Business Combination ( “Business Combination” defined below) that resulted in a decrease in the deferred tax asset of $2.1 million, a decrease in the Tax Receivable Agreement liability of $1.8 million and a decrease in Additional Paid-In Capital of $0.3 million, as compared to the amounts recorded in the consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2020 and interim periods in the current fiscal year. As the effect of the correction to these accounts was not material to the prior period financial statements, we elected to correct the balance in the current period, with the offset to Additional Paid-In Capital, which was consistent with the method to record the Deferred Tax Asset and Tax Receivable Agreement liability on the date of the Business Combination. There was no impact to continuing operations, net income, or related per-share amounts for each period.

Basis of Presentation
These consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) and applicable rules and regulations of the SEC regarding interim financial reporting. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by GAAP for annual financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments consisting of normal and recurring entries considered necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the interim periods presented have been included. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts in the financial statements and accompanying notes. These estimates are based on information available as of the date of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements; therefore, actual results could differ from those estimates. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of the results for a full year.

Business Combination
As discussed in more detail in our 2020 Form 10-K/A, on July 15, 2020, DMSH consummated the Business Combination with Leo pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement (“Business Combination”). Pursuant to the Business Combination, DMS Inc. acquired, directly and through its acquisition of the equity of Blocker, approximately 55.5% of the membership interest in DMSH, while Prism Data, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Prism”), CEP V-A DMS AIV Limited Partnership, a Delaware limited partnership (“Clairvest Direct Seller”) and related entities (the “Sellers”) retained approximately 44.5% of the membership interest in DMSH (“non-controlling interests”).

For additional information, see Note 2: “Business Combination” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in our 2020 Form 10-K/A.

Non-controlling Interest
The non-controlling interest represents the membership interest in Digital Media Solutions Holding (“DMSH”) held by holders other than the Company. As of September 30, 2021, the Prism, Clairvest Direct Sellers and SmarterChaos combined ownership percentage in DMSH was 41.7% and as of December 31, 2020 it was 44.8%. The Company has consolidated the financial position and results of operations of DMSH and reflected the proportionate interest held by Prism, Clairvest Direct Seller and the SmarterChaos sellers as a non-controlling interest.

Changes in Accounting Standards and Policies
7

There have been no changes in the significant accounting policies from those that were disclosed in our 2020 Form 10-K/A.
Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted
The Company qualifies as an “emerging growth company” and thus has elected to adhere to the extended transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards under Section 102(b)(1) of the JOBS Act. This election allows the Company to delay the adoption of new or revised accounting standards that have different effective dates for public and private companies until those standards apply to private companies.
In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued authoritative guidance ASC 842, Lease Accounting, regarding the accounting for leases, and has since issued subsequent updates to the initial guidance. The amended guidance requires the recognition of assets and liabilities for operating leases. The standard was initially effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019. However, in November 2019, the FASB issued amended guidance, which defers for Emerging Growth Companies (“EGC”) the effective date to fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022. The standard must be adopted using a modified retrospective transition. We plan to adopt the standard using the optional transition method whereby we would apply the new lease requirements through a cumulative-effect adjustment on the effective date of adoption. We plan to elect the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance of the new standards, which allows us to not reassess whether any expired or existing contracts contain leases, allows us to carry forward the historical lease classification and permits us to exclude from our assessment initial direct costs for any existing leases. We will also make an accounting policy election to exclude leases with an initial term of twelve months or less from our transition adjustment. We are currently evaluating the impact on our consolidated balance sheets, recognizing assets and related lease liabilities.

In June 2016, the FASB issued authoritative guidance on accounting for credit losses on financial instruments, including trade receivables, and has since issued subsequent updates to the initial guidance. The amended guidance requires the application of a current expected credit loss model, which measures credit losses based on relevant information about past events, including historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. The guidance requires adoption using a modified retrospective approach and is effective for EGC fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years. We are currently evaluating the impact on our consolidated financial statements.


8

NOTE 2. REVENUE
Disaggregation of Revenue
The following tables presents the disaggregation of revenue by reportable segment and type of service (in thousands):
Three Months Ended September 30, 2021
Brand
Direct
MarketplaceOtherIntercompany eliminationsTotal
Net revenue:
Customer acquisition$63,332 $58,278 $— $(18,133)$103,477 
Managed services1,667 — 1,471 — 3,138 
Software services— — 784 — 784 
Total Net revenue$64,999 $58,278 $2,255 $(18,133)$107,399 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2020
Brand
Direct
MarketplaceOtherIntercompany eliminationsTotal
Net revenue:
Customer acquisition$43,921 $39,541 $— $(8,755)$74,707 
Managed services5,247 — 2,045 — 7,292 
Software services— — 830 — 830 
Total Net revenue$49,168 $39,541 $2,875 $(8,755)$82,829 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021
Brand
Direct
MarketplaceOtherIntercompany eliminationsTotal
Net revenue:
Customer acquisition$174,341 $165,300 $— $(43,260)$296,381 
Managed services6,713 — 3,796 — 10,509 
Software services— — 2,391 — 2,391 
Total Net revenue$181,054 $165,300 $6,187 $(43,260)$309,281 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020
Brand
Direct
MarketplaceOtherIntercompany eliminationsTotal
Net revenue:
Customer acquisition122,557 108,937 — (19,001)212,493 
Managed services12,885 — 2,945 — 15,830 
Software services— — 2,430 — 2,430 
Total Net revenue$135,442 $108,937 $5,375 $(19,001)$230,753 
Contract balances
As of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the balance of deferred revenue was $0.9 million and $1.7 million, respectively, and recorded within Accrued expenses and other current liabilities on the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets. We expect the majority of the deferred revenue balance at September 30, 2021 to be recognized as revenue during the following quarter. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, we recognized revenue of $1.2 million and $1.7 million, respectively, that was previously recorded as a contract liability within “Accrued expenses and other current liabilities” on the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets.
As of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, unbilled revenue included in accounts receivable was $2.5 million and $1.8 million, respectively. Substantially all amounts included within the unbilled revenue balance are invoiced to customers within the month directly following the period of service.
9

NOTE 3. REPORTABLE SEGMENTS
The Company’s operating segments are determined based on the financial information reviewed by its chief operating decision maker (“CODM”), and the basis upon which management makes resource allocation decisions and assesses the performance of the Company’s segments. The Company evaluates the operating performance of its segments based on financial measures such as net revenue, cost of revenue, and gross profit. Given the nature of the digital marketing solutions business, the amount of assets does not provide meaningful insight into the operating performance of the Company. As a result, the amount of the Company’s assets is not subject to segment allocation and total assets is not included within the disclosure of the Company’s segment financial information.
The following tables are a reconciliation of the operations of our segments to income from operations (in thousands):
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
20212020 As Restated20212020 As Restated
Net revenue$107,399 $82,829 $309,281 $230,753 
  Brand Direct64,999 49,168 181,054 135,442 
  Marketplace58,278 39,541 165,300 108,937 
  Other2,255 2,875 6,187 5,375 
  Intercompany eliminations(18,133)(8,755)(43,260)(19,001)
Cost of revenue76,139 57,777 216,680 160,338 
    Brand Direct49,815 37,828 136,955 103,125 
    Marketplace43,822 27,661 121,477 75,101 
    Other635 1,043 1,508 1,113 
Intercompany eliminations(18,133)(8,755)(43,260)(19,001)
Gross profit$31,260 $25,052 $92,601 $70,415 
Brand Direct15,184 11,340 44,099 32,317 
Marketplace14,456 11,880 43,823 33,836 
Other1,620 1,832 4,679 4,262 
Salaries and related costs12,449 7,882 34,426 24,114 
General and administrative expenses11,161 6,807 28,675 16,756 
Acquisition costs(2,665)3,248 (705)3,322 
Depreciation and amortization7,186 4,636 19,649 13,307 
Income from operations$3,129 $2,479 $10,556 $12,916 
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NOTE 4. GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS
Goodwill
Changes in the carrying value of goodwill, by reporting segment, were as follows (in thousands):
Brand
Direct
MarketplaceOtherTotal
Balance, December 31, 2020$8,616 $32,660 $3,628 $44,904 
Additions (Note 6)4,853 17,370 — 22,223 
Balance, September 30, 2021$13,469 $50,030 $3,628 $67,127 
The carrying amount of goodwill for all reporting units had no accumulated impairments as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
Intangible assets, net
Finite-lived intangible assets, net consisted of the following (in thousands):
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Amortization
Period (Years)
GrossAccumulated
Amortization
NetGrossAccumulated
Amortization
Net
Intangible assets subject to amortization:
Technology3 to 5$58,652 $(28,818)$29,834 $48,008 $(21,454)$26,554 
Customer relationships2 to 956,003 (11,382)44,621 21,794 (6,749)15,045 
Brand1 to 79,621 (3,808)5,813 4,295 (961)3,334 
Non-competition agreements31,932 (1,286)646 2,105 (591)1,514 
Total$126,208 $(45,294)$80,914 $76,202 $(29,755)$46,447 
Amortization expense for finite-lived intangible assets is recorded on a straight-line basis in the pattern in which the assets’ economic benefits are consumed over their estimated useful lives. Amortization expense related to finite-lived intangible assets was $15.4 million and $10.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

NOTE 5. DEBT
The following table presents the components of outstanding debt (in thousands):
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Term loan$224,437 $190,541 
Revolving credit facility— 4,000 
Delayed draw term loan— 8,236 
Notes payable— 1,074 
Total debt224,437 203,851 
Unamortized debt issuance costs (1)
(6,420)(2,293)
Debt, net218,017 201,558 
Current portion of long-term debt(2,250)(7,967)
Long-term debt$215,767 $193,591 

(1) Includes net debt issuance discount and other costs.
On May 25, 2021, Digital Media Solutions, LLC (“DMS LLC”), as borrower, and DMSH, each of which is a subsidiary of DMS, entered into a five-year $275 million senior secured credit facility (the “Credit Facility”), with a syndicate of lenders (“Lenders”), arranged by Truist Bank and Fifth Third Bank, as joint lead arrangers, and Truist Bank, as administrative agent. The Credit Facility is guaranteed by, and secured by substantially all of the assets of, DMS LLC, DMSH LLC and their material subsidiaries, subject to customary exceptions. Pursuant to the Credit Facility, the Lenders provided DMS LLC with senior secured term loans consisting of a senior secured term loan with an aggregate principal amount of $225 million (the “Term Loan”) and a $50 million senior secured revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Facility”).

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The Term Loan which was issued at an original issue discount of 1.8% or $4.2 million, will be subject to payment of 1.0% of the original aggregate principal amount per annum paid quarterly, with a bullet payment at maturity. The Term Loan will mature, and the revolving credit commitments under the Revolving Facility will terminate, on May 25, 2026, when any outstanding balances will become due.

Borrowings under the Revolving Facility bear interest, at our option, at either (i) adjusted LIBOR plus 4.25% or (ii) a base rate (which is equal to the highest of (a) Administrative Agent’s prime rate, (b) the federal funds rate, as in effect from time to time, plus 0.50%, (c) one-month LIBOR plus 1.00%, and (d) 1.75% (the “Base Rate”)), plus 3.25%. The Term Loan bears interest at our option, at either (i) adjusted LIBOR plus 5.00% or (ii) the Base Rate plus 4.00%. Under the Revolving Facility, DMS LLC will pay a 0.50% per annum commitment fee in arrears on the undrawn portion of the revolving commitments.

The initial $4.2 million debt discount and $3.5 million debt issuance cost related to the Term Loan and Revolving Facility will be amortized over the term of the loan consistent with the effective interest method. As of September 30, 2021, the Term Loan debt discount and debt issuance cost classified as debt had a remaining unamortized balance of $3.9 million and $2.5 million, respectively. The $0.8 million unamortized debt issuance cost associated with the undrawn Revolving Facility is classified and amortized as a long term asset.

Upon the closing of the Credit Facility, the credit agreement dated as of July 3, 2018, by and among DMS LLC, DMSH, each of their subsidiaries party thereto, various financial institutions party thereto and Monroe Capital Management Advisors, LLC, as administrative agent and lead arranger, and all outstanding amounts thereunder that was previously outstanding with an aggregate principal amount of $210 million was extinguished, and the $15 million revolving credit facility was closed.

The Company recognized a loss on debt extinguishment of $2.1 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2021, which primarily included accelerated amortization of deferred financing costs, legal fees and early termination fee. The loss recognized is presented as “Debt Extinguishment” in the condensed consolidated statement of operations.

Debt Maturity Schedule

The scheduled maturities of our total debt are estimated as follows at September 30, 2021:
(in thousands)
2021$562 
20222,250 
20232,250 
20242,250 
2025 and thereafter217,125 
Total debt$224,437 


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NOTE 6. ACQUISITIONS
Crisp Results
On April 1, 2021, the Company completed a transaction to purchase the assets of Crisp Marketing, LLC (“Crisp Results”). Crisp Results is a digital performance advertising company that connects consumers with brands within the insurance sector, with primary focus on the Medicare insurance industry. Crisp Results is known for providing predictable, reliable, flexible and scalable customer acquisition solutions, supporting large brands with a process that combines data, design, technology and innovation.

The Company paid consideration of $40.0 million upon closing of the transaction, consisting of $20.0 million cash and Class A Common Stock valued at $20.0 million. The transaction also includes up to $10.0 million in contingent consideration to be earned over the 12 months following the acquisition, subject to the achievement of certain milestones, and $5.0 million of deferred payment, to be paid 18-months after the acquisition date.

As of April 1, 2021, the acquisition date, the present value of the contingent consideration earnout was recorded at $4.8 million, and the deferred consideration was $4.6 million. As of September 30, 2021, the contingent consideration earnout decreased
$0.2 million during the current quarter to a total of $4.6 million, and the deferred consideration did not materially change. The contingent consideration and deferred payment can be paid in cash or DMS Class A Common Stock at the election of the Company.

In conjunction with this acquisition, we incurred approximately $0.7 million of legal and other acquisition-related expenses, which were recorded as Acquisition costs in the unaudited condensed consolidated operations during the nine months ended September 30, 2021. Additionally, we incurred $0.2 million of equity issuance costs, offsetting the 1.6 million share issuance in the equity for Crisp Results.

The Company primarily used an Income Approach, specifically a Discounted Cash Flow (“DCF”) analysis, which represents Level 3 fair value measurements, to assess the components of its purchase price allocation. The acquisition was accounted for as a business combination, whereby the excess of the fair value of the business over the fair value of identifiable net assets was allocated to goodwill. The results of operations of the acquired business have been included in the Company’s results of operations since the acquisition date of April 1, 2021. Under Accounting Standards Codification 805 (“ASC 805”), an acquirer must recognize any assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date, measured at fair value as of that date. Assets meeting the identification criteria included tangible assets, such as real and personal property, and intangible assets. Identified intangible assets included the brand and customer relationships of the acquired business. The fair value of the brand was determined by applying an Income Approach, specifically the Relief from Royalty Method. The fair value of the acquired customer relationships was determined by applying an Income Approach, specifically the Multi Period Excess Earnings Method.

The goodwill related to this transaction reflects the workforce and synergies expected from combining the operations of Crisp Results and is included in the Marketplace reportable segment. Goodwill is expected to be deductible for tax purposes. Intangible assets primarily consist of brand and customer relationships with an estimated useful life of one to seven years for brand and five to six years for customer relationships. Accounting remains open for working capital adjustments and final fair value calculations due to the timing and complexity of the acquisition transaction.
Aimtell, PushPros and Aramis
The Company acquired on February 1, 2021, Aimtell, Inc. (“Aimtell”), PushPros, Inc. (“PushPros”) and Aramis Interactive (“Aramis”). Aimtell and PushPros are leading providers of technology-enabled digital performance advertising solutions connecting consumers and advertisers within the home, auto, health and life insurance verticals. Aramis is a network of owned-and-operated websites that leverages the Aimtell and PushPros technologies and relationships.
The Company paid consideration, date of the acquisition, $20.0 million at the closing transaction, consisting of $5.0 million in cash and approximately 1.29 million shares of Class A Common Stock valued at $15.0 million, subject to a lock-up agreement, contingent consideration with a fair value of $4.9 million and working capital of $0.3 million. Total payouts for contingent consideration over the three years following the closing of the transaction is $15.0 million, subject to the acquired companies reaching certain milestones.
As of February 1, 2021, the acquisition date, the present value of the contingent consideration earnout was recorded at $4.9 million. From the acquisition date, Aimtell/PushPros/Aramis contingent consideration overall declined $2.4 million to approximately $2.5 million resulting from our revised earnout forecast achieving certain business performance milestones. The contingent consideration can be paid in cash or DMS Class A Common Stock at the election of the Company.
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In conjunction with this acquisition, we incurred approximately $0.5 million of legal and other acquisition-related expenses, which were recorded as Acquisition costs in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations during the nine months ended September 30, 2021.
The Company primarily used an Income Approach, specifically a Discounted Cash Flow (“DCF”) analysis, which represents Level 3 fair value measurements, to assess the components of its purchase price allocation. The acquisition was accounted for as a business combination, whereby the excess of the fair value of the business over the fair value of identifiable net assets was allocated to goodwill. The results of operations of the acquired businesses have been included in the Company’s results of operations since the acquisition date of February 1, 2021. Under Accounting Standards Codification 805 (ASC 805), an acquirer must recognize any assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date, measured at fair value as of that date. Assets meeting the identification criteria included tangible assets, such as real and personal property, and intangible assets. Identified intangible assets included the brand, technology and customer relationships of the acquired business. The fair value of the brand and technology was determined by applying an Income Approach, specifically the Relief from Royalty Method. The fair value of the acquired customer relationships was determined by applying an Income Approach, specifically the Multi Period Excess Earnings Method.

The goodwill related to this transaction reflects the workforce and synergies expected from combining the operations of Aimtell/Aramis/PushPros and is included in the Brand Direct reportable segment. Goodwill is expected to be deductible for Aramis and PushPros for tax purposes. Intangible assets primarily consist of technology, brand and customer relationships with an estimated useful life of four years for technology, one to seven years for brand, and five to six years for customer relationships. Accounting remains open for working capital adjustments and final fair value calculations due to the timing and complexity of the acquisition transaction.
SmarterChaos and She is Media

On July 16, 2020, the Company acquired SmarterChaos.com, LLC, a premier digital marketing and online performance management marketer, along with She Is Media, a female-centric performance ad network (collectively, “SmarterChaos”), for cash and equity of DMSH totaling approximately $5.8 million, net of cash, which was subject to a working capital adjustment that was finalized December 31, 2020.

DMSH issued the SmarterChaos sellers approximately 307,000 DMSH Units, which were convertible to Class A Common Stock, with an aggregate total value of $3.0 million based on the DMS Inc. stock price on July 15, 2020. The SmarterChaos sellers also became parties to the Amended Partnership Agreement.

In conjunction with this acquisition, we incurred during third quarter of 2020 approximately $0.4 million of legal and other acquisition-related expenses, which were recorded as Acquisition costs in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations.

On June 30, 2021, SmarterChaos sellers elected to redeem 154,000 DMSH units; DMS Inc. elected to exchange those for shares of Class A common stock, with an aggregate capital contribution to DMSH of approximately $3.0 million.
The Company primarily used an Income Approach, specifically a Discounted Cash Flow (“DCF”) analysis, which represents Level 3 fair value measurements, to assess the components of its purchase price allocation. The acquisition was accounted for as a business combination, whereby the excess of the fair value of the business over the fair value of identifiable net assets was allocated to goodwill. The results of operations of the acquired businesses have been included in the Company’s results of operations since the acquisition date of July 16, 2020. Under Accounting Standards Codification 805 (ASC 805), an acquirer must recognize any assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date, measured at fair value as of that date. Assets meeting the identification criteria included tangible assets, such as real and personal property, and intangible assets. Identified intangible assets included the brand and customer relationships of the acquired business. The fair value of the brand was determined by applying an Income Approach, specifically the Relief from Royalty Method. The fair value of the acquired customer relationships was determined by applying an Income Approach, specifically the Multi Period Excess Earnings Method.

The goodwill related to this transaction reflects the workforce and synergies expected from combining the operations of SmarterChaos and is included in the Other reportable segment. Goodwill is expected to be deductible for tax purposes. Intangible assets primarily consist of brand and customer relationships with an estimated useful life of one to seven years for brand, and five to six years for customer relationships. The Company has finalized all working capital adjustments and fair value calculations for SmarterChaos and She is Media.
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Net assets and liabilities acquired from the 2020 and 2021 Acquisitions consist of the following:
(In thousands)SmarterChaosAimtell, PushPros and Aramis (preliminary)Crisp Results (preliminary)Expected Useful Life
202020212021
Goodwill$3,078 $4,853 $17,370 
Technology$— $10,500 $— 4
Customer relationships$2,500 $7,920 $26,000 5 to 6
Accounts receivable$576 $3,313 $2,610 
Brand$277 $226 $5,100 1 to 7
Non-competitive agreements$— $117 $— 3
Property and equipment$28 $250 $220 3 to 5
Accounts payable$(1,156)$(2,966)$(1,593)
Other assets acquired and liabilities assumed, net (1)
$496 $1,057 $— 
   Net assets and liabilities acquired$5,799 $25,270 $49,707 
(1) Other assets acquired and liabilities assumed, net includes Prepaids, and Other Current Assets, partially offset by other current liabilities (i.e., Travel and expense payables, payroll liabilities, tax liabilities).
The following schedule represents the amounts of net revenue and net income (loss) from operations related to 2021 acquisitions which have been included in the unaudited consolidated statements of operations for the periods indicated subsequent to the acquisition date.
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In thousands)Aimtell, PushPros and AramisCrisp MarketingAimtell, PushPros and AramisCrisp Marketing
Net revenue$5,976 $6,407 $16,051 $13,374 
Net income (loss) from operations(2,359)(2,627)(2,978)(2,783)

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Pro Forma Information
The following unaudited pro forma financial information represents the consolidated financial information as if the acquisitions had been included in our consolidated results beginning on the first day of the fiscal year prior to their respective acquisition dates. The pro forma results do not reflect any cost savings, operating synergies or revenue enhancements that the combined company may achieve as a result of the acquisitions; the costs to combine the companies’ operations; or the costs necessary to achieve these costs savings, operating synergies and revenue enhancements. The pro forma results do not necessarily reflect the actual results of operations of the combined companies under our ownership and operation.

Three Months Ended September 30, 2021Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021
(In thousands)Aimtell, PushPros and AramisCrisp ResultsAimtell, PushPros and AramisCrisp Results
Net revenue$5,976 $6,407 $20,836 $21,653 
Net income (loss) from operations$(2,359)$(2,627)$(1,724)$(540)
Three Months Ended September 30, 2020Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020
Aimtell, PushPros and AramisCrisp ResultsAimtell, PushPros and AramisCrisp Results
Net revenue$7,164 $7,453 $23,596 $20,563 
Net income (loss) from operations$1,506 $2,070 $4,774 $4,175 
NOTE 7. RESTRUCTURING COSTS
Restructuring costs include expenses associated with the Company’s effort to continually improve operational efficiency and reposition its assets to remain competitive on a national basis. Termination of office lease and other related costs include lease and termination of fixed assets, employee training, relocation and facility costs. These costs are recorded in General and administrative expenses in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations.

During the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company entered into negotiations with landlords to terminate lease agreements, for twelve different properties for approximately 62,113 square feet of office space located in Canada and the United States. The Company has settled eight leases through cash buyout or termination.

During the first nine months of 2021, the Company has continued its negotiations with landlords to terminate lease agreements. One new lease was added to the restructuring lease liability through acquisition of Crisp Results in the second quarter of 2021, resulting in five properties for approximately 57,469 square feet of office space located in the United States that are currently in negotiations.

As of September 30, 2021, a reserve of approximately $2.4 million was recorded; and $1.2 million is accrued for within Accrued expenses and other current liabilities and $1.2 million is accrued for within Other non-current liabilities, on the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets.
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The change in liability for the restructuring costs for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, was as follows:
Three Months Ended September 30,
2021
Restructuring Lease Liability
Beginning balance at July 1, 2021$2,957 
    Valuation adjustments(300)
    Lease payments(333)
    Lease accretion45 
Ending balance at September 30, 2021$2,369 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021
Restructuring Lease Liability
Beginning balance at January 1, 2021$3,653 
Valuation adjustments(219)
Lease payments(1,203)
Lease accretion138 
Ending balance at September 30, 2021$2,369 


NOTE 8. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
The Company utilizes fair value measurements to record fair value adjustments to certain assets and liabilities and to determine fair value disclosures. The carrying amounts of our cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, income taxes receivable, accounts payable, accrued expenses and income taxes payable, which approximate fair value because of the short-term maturity of those instruments.
Private Placement Warrants
We record the fair value of the Private Placement Warrants as a liability in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2020. The fair value of the Private Placement Warrants is considered a Level 3 valuation and is determined using the Black-Scholes-Merton valuation model. Changes in fair value of the Private Placement Warrants are presented under Change in the fair value of warrant liabilities on the Income Statement.
As of September 30, 2021, the Company has approximately 4.0 million Private Placement Warrants outstanding. The significant assumptions were as follows:
September 30, 2021
Private Placement Warrants Fair Value Per Share$2.06 
Private Placement Warrant valuation inputs:
Stock price$7.25 
Strike price$11.50 
Remaining contractual term in years3.79 
Estimated volatility of Class A Common Stock55.0 %
Dividend yield0.0 %
Risk free interest rate0.71 %
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Contingent consideration payable related to acquisitions
The fair value of the contingent consideration payable for the Aimtell/PushPros/Aramis and Crisp Results acquisitions (described in Note 6 Acquisitions) were determined using a Monte Carlo fair value analysis based on estimated performance and the probability of achieving certain targets. As certain inputs are not observable in the market, the contingent consideration is classified as a Level 3 instrument. Changes in fair value of contingent consideration are presented under Acquisition costs on the unaudited condensed statement of operations.
Contingent Consideration assumptions:Aimtell / PushPros
CYE2021 Revenue Historical - 9 Months$6,126,771 
CYE2021 Revenue Expectations - 3 Months$1,695,000 
CYE2022 Revenue Expectations$8,485,541 
CYE2023 Revenue Expectations$9,758,372 
CYE2021 Risk Adjusted Revenue - 3 Months$1,672,650 
CYE2022 Risk Adjusted Revenue$7,838,431 
CYE2023 Risk Adjusted Revenue$8,113,756 
Revenue Volatility40 %
Risk adjustment discount rate11.8 %
Risk free / Credit risk6.0 %
Contingent Consideration assumptions:Aramis
CYE2021 EBITDA - Historical$2,383,921 
CYE2021 EBITDA 3 Months Expectation$1,290,000 
CYE2021 Risk Adjusted 3 Months EBITDA$1,248,942 
CYE2022 Earnout Successful Probability99 %
EBITDA Volatility110 %
Risk adjustment discount rate34 %
Risk free / Credit risk6.0 %
Contingent Consideration assumptions:Crisp Results
EBITDA Historical - 6 Months$1,800,314 
EBITDA Expectations - 6 Months7,204,542 
Risk adjustment EBITDA - 6 Months$6,886,426 
EBITDA volatility70 %
Risk adjustment discount rate22 %
Risk free / Credit risk6.0 %
September 30, 2021
CategoryLevel 1Level 2Level 3Total
Liabilities:
Private Warrant LiabilitiesTotal liabilities$— $— $8,240 $8,240 
Contingent consideration - currentContingent consideration payable$6,166 $6,166 
Contingent consideration -non-currentContingent consideration payable$— $— $997 $997 
Total$— $— $15,403 $15,403 
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The following table represents the change in the warrant liability and contingent consideration (in thousands):
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021Private Placement WarrantsContingent Consideration
Beginning January 1, 2021$22,080 $— 
Additions— 9,688 
Changes in fair value(13,835)(2,525)
Settlements(5)— 
Ending September 30, 2021$8,240 $7,163 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2021Private Placement WarrantsContingent Consideration
Beginning July 1, 2021$14,640 $10,248 
Additions— — 
Changes in fair value(6,400)(3,085)
Settlements— — 
Ending September 30, 2021$8,240 $7,163 

NOTE 9. EMPLOYEE AND DIRECTOR INCENTIVE PLANS
2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan
On July 15, 2020, Leo’s shareholders approved the 2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the “2020 Plan”). The 2020 Plan allows for the issuance of stock options, stock appreciation rights, stock awards (including restricted stock awards (“RSAs”) and Restricted Stock Units (“RSUs”)) and other stock-based awards. Directors, officers and employees, as well as others performing independent consulting or advisory services for the Company or its affiliates, will be eligible for grants under the 2020 Plan. The aggregate number of shares reserved under the 2020 Plan is approximately 11.6 million. The 2020 Plan terminates on June 24, 2030.
The fair value of non-vested shares is determined based on the closing trading price of the Company’s shares on the grant date and are amortized over the award’s service period. At September 30, 2021, total non-vested stock-based compensation expense related to restricted stock was $12.1 million, which will be recognized over a weighted-average remaining period of 2.55 years. The weighted-average grant-date fair value of shares granted during the nine-month period ended September 30, 2021, was $9.27 per share.
Restricted Shares
The following table presents the restricted share activity for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2021 (in thousands, except price per share):
Restricted Stock UnitsNumber of Restricted StockWeighted-Average Grant Date Fair Value
Outstanding at January 1, 20211,197 $7.31 
Granted997 $12.10 
Exercised(432)$11.73 
Forfeited/Canceled(299)$7.31 
Outstanding at September 30, 20211,463 $9.27 
As of September 30, 2021, the Company has one share-based compensation plan that allows for granting of restricted share units and stock options. The compensation cost that has been recorded against Consolidated Statement of Operations, “Salaries and related costs” was approximately $1.6 million and $4.3 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively.

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The following table presents the stock option activity for the quarter ended September 30, 2021 (in thousands, except price per share):
Stock OptionsNumber of Stock OptionsWeighted-Average Grant Date Fair ValueWeighted-Average Remaining Contractual Term (in Years)
Outstanding at January 1, 2021551 $3.34 5.9 years
Granted1,664 $4.13 6.3 years
Forfeited/expired(160)$4.07 6.3 years
Outstanding at September 30, 20212,055 $3.92 6.2 years
The weighted-average grant-date strike price of options during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 was $8.32 and $8.21 per share, respectively.
As of September 30, 2021, the total number of shares issued to other nonemployee consultants for advisory and consulting services are 126,000 restricted units and 118,000 stock options that represent total stock-based compensation fair value of $1.8 million, which $0.2 million has been recorded for services provided to date. On October 27, 2021, the board voted to accelerate the vesting of 34,000 restricted units and 32,000 stock options, which will result in immediate recognition of approximately $0.5 million expense in Q4 2021.
.
NOTE 10. INCOME TAXES
As a result of the Business Combination, the Company consists of DMS Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Blocker, which owns 55.2% of equity interests in DMSH. DMSH is treated as a partnership for purposes of U.S. federal and certain state and local income tax. As a U.S. partnership, generally DMSH will not be subject to corporate income taxes (except with respect to UE, as described below). Instead, each of the ultimate partners (including DMS Inc.) are taxed on their proportionate share of DMSH taxable income.

While the Company consolidates DMSH for financial reporting purposes, the Company will only be taxed on its allocable share of future earnings (i.e. those earnings not attributed to the non-controlling interests, which continue to be taxed on their own allocable share of future earnings of DMSH). The Company’s income tax expense is attributable to the allocable share of earnings from DMSH, a portion of activities of DMSH that are subject to Canadian income tax, and the activities of UE, a wholly-owned U.S. corporate subsidiary of DMSH, which is subject to U.S. federal and state and local income taxes. The income tax burden on the earnings allocated to the non-controlling interests is not reported by the Company in its condensed consolidated financial statements under GAAP. As a result, the Company’s effective tax rate is expected to differ materially from the statutory rate.

The Company’s tax provision or benefit from income taxes for interim periods is determined using an estimate of its annual effective tax rate, adjusted for discrete items, if any. Each quarter the Company updates its estimate of the annual effective tax rate and makes a year-to-date adjustment to the provision. The Company recorded income tax expense of $0.4 million and $1.5 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. The blended effective tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 was 6.57% and 13.11%, respectively, which varies from our statutory U.S. tax rate due to taxable income or loss that is allocated to the non-controlling interest as well as due to the impact of changes to the estimate of expected tax benefits related to the Business Combination. The Company recorded $1.6 million and $1.9 million income tax expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively. The blended effective tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 was 56.45% and 31.40%, respectively, which varies from our statutory U.S. tax rate due to taxable income or loss that is allocated to the non-controlling interest.

Tax Receivable Agreement
In conjunction with the Business Combination, DMS Inc. and Blocker also entered into a Tax Receivable Agreement with the Sellers. Pursuant to the Tax Receivable Agreement, DMS Inc. is required to pay the Sellers (i) 85% of the amount of savings, if any, in U.S. federal, state and local income tax that DMS Inc. and Blocker actually realize as a result of (A) certain existing tax attributes of Blocker acquired in the Business Combination, and (B) increases in Blocker’s allocable share of the tax basis of the assets of DMS and certain other tax benefits related to the payment of the cash consideration pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement and any redemptions or exchanges of DMS Units for cash or Class A Common Stock after the Business Combination and (ii) 100% of certain refunds of pre-Closing taxes of DMSH and Blocker received during a taxable year beginning within two (2) years after the Closing. All such payments to the Sellers are the obligation of DMS Inc., and not that of DMSH.
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As of September 30, 2021, the total amount of estimated payments under the TRA was $16.8 million, of which $1.6 million was current and included in Accrued expenses and other current liabilities on the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet.


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NOTE 11. EARNINGS PER SHARE
Basic earnings per share of Class A common stock is computed by dividing net income attributable to DMS Inc. by the weighted-average number of shares of Class A common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share of Class A common stock is computed by dividing net income attributable to DMS Inc., by the weighted-average number of shares of Class A common stock outstanding adjusted to give effect to potentially dilutive elements.
Prior to the Business Combination, the membership structure of DMSH included units which had profit interests. The Company analyzed the calculation of earnings per unit for periods prior to the Business Combination and determined that it resulted in values that would not be meaningful to the users of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. Therefore, earnings per share information has not been presented for periods prior to the Business Combination on July 15, 2020. The basic and diluted earnings per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, represent only the period of July 15, 2020 to September 30, 2020.
The following table sets forth reconciliations of the numerators and denominators used to compute basic and diluted earnings per share of Class A common stock:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,Three Months Ended September 30, 2020 (As restated)Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020 (As restated)
2021202120202020
Numerator:
Net income$5,394 $10,121 $1,262 $4,153 
Net income (loss) attributable to DMSH prior to the Business Combination$— $— $(4,236)$(1,345)
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest$1,858 $4,217 $2,463 $2,463 
  Net income (loss) attributable to Digital Media Solutions, Inc. - basic$3,536 $5,904 $3,035 $3,035 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest$1,858 $4,217 $— $— 
Net income (loss) attributable to Digital Media Solutions, Inc. - diluted$5,394 $10,121 $3,035 $3,035 
Denominator:
  Weighted average shares - basic36,511 35,050 32,294 32,294 
Add: dilutive effects of DMSH Units convertible to Class A Common Stock25,853 25,853 — — 
  Add: dilutive effects of employee equity awards267 515 — — 
  Add: dilutive effects of Private Placement warrants— — — — 
  Add: dilutive effects of public warrants— 168 — — 
  Add: dilutive effects of deferred consideration690 402 — — 
Weighted average shares - diluted63,321 61,988 32,294 32,294 
Net income per common share:
  Basic$0.10 $0.17 $0.09 $0.09 
  Diluted$0.09 $0.16 $0.09 $0.09 

For the three months ended September 30, 2021, the Company excluded 14.0 million warrants, 2.4 million employee equity awards, as the effect was anti-dilutive. For the nine months ended September 30, 2021, the Company excluded 4.0 million warrants and approximately 1.9 million employee equity awards as the effect was anti-dilutive.

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, the Company excluded contingent consideration issued in connection with Aramis, Aimtell and PushPros and Crisp Results acquisitions, which is payable in DMS common stock at the Company’s option, as the necessary conditions to pay such consideration had not been satisfied by the end of the period.
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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
OVERVIEW
The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis (“MD&A”) is intended to assist in an understanding of our financial condition and results of operations. This MD&A is provided as a supplement to, should be read in conjunction with, and is qualified in its entirety by reference to, our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) and accompanying Notes appearing elsewhere in this Quarterly Report (the “Notes”). In addition, reference should be made to our audited Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements and Item 7: “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included in our 2020 Form 10-K/A. Except for the historical information contained herein, the discussions in this MD&A contain forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our future results could differ materially from those discussed herein. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed below in this MD&A under “Forward-Looking Statements and Factors that May Affect Future Results.”

On August 16, 2021, we announced our decision to evaluate potential strategic alternatives to maximize shareholder value. We intend to evaluate a full range of strategic, operational and financial alternatives. We have retained Goldman Sachs & Co LLC and Canaccord Genuity as our financial advisors to assist with the strategic review process. There can be no assurance that the strategic review process will result in any strategic alternative, or any assurance as to its outcome or timing.

Recent Business Acquisitions
Crisp Results
On April 1, 2021, the Company completed a transaction to purchase the assets of Crisp Results. Crisp Results is a digital performance advertising company that connects consumers with brands within the insurance sector, with primary focus on the Medicare insurance industry. Crisp Results is known for providing predictable, reliable, flexible and scalable customer acquisition solutions, supporting large brands with a process that combines data, design, technology and innovation.

The Company paid consideration of $40.0 million upon closing of the transaction, consisting of $20.0 million cash and Class A Common Stock valued at $20.0 million. The transaction also includes up to $10.0 million in contingent consideration to be earned over the 12 months following the acquisition, subject to the achievement of certain milestones, and $5.0 million of deferred payment, to be paid 18-months after the acquisition date.

As of April 1, 2021, the acquisition date, the present value of the contingent consideration earnout was recorded at $4.8 million, and the deferred consideration was $4.6 million. As of September 30, 2021, the contingent consideration earnout decreased
$0.2 million during the current quarter to a total of $4.6 million, and the deferred consideration did not materially change. The contingent consideration and deferred payment can be paid in cash or DMS Class A Common Stock at the election of the Company.

In conjunction with this acquisition, we incurred approximately $0.7 million of legal and other acquisition-related expenses, which were recorded as Acquisition costs in the unaudited condensed consolidated operations during the nine months ended September 30, 2021. Additionally, we incurred $0.2 million of equity issuance costs, offsetting the 1.6 million share issuance in the equity for Crisp Results.
Aimtell, PushPros and Aramis
The Company acquired on February 1, 2021, Aimtell, Inc. (“Aimtell”), PushPros, Inc. (“PushPros”) and Aramis Interactive (“Aramis”). Aimtell and PushPros are leading providers of technology-enabled digital performance advertising solutions connecting consumers and advertisers within the home, auto, health and life insurance verticals. Aramis is a network of owned-and-operated websites that leverages the Aimtell and PushPros technologies and relationships.
The Company paid consideration, date of the acquisition, $20.0 million at the closing transaction, consisting of $5.0 million in cash and approximately 1.29 million shares of Class A Common Stock valued at $15.0 million, subject to a lock-up agreement, contingent consideration with a fair value of $4.9 million and working capital of $0.3 million. Total payouts for contingent consideration over the three years following the closing of the transaction is $15.0 million, subject to the acquired companies reaching certain milestones. The contingent consideration can be paid in cash or DMS Class A Common Stock at the election of the Company.
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As of February 1, 2021, the acquisition date, the present value of the contingent consideration earnout was recorded at $4.9 million. From the acquisition date, Aimtell/PushPros/Aramis contingent consideration overall declined $2.4 million to approximately $2.5 million resulting from our revised earnout forecast achieving certain business performance milestones. The contingent consideration can be paid in cash or DMS Class A Common Stock at the election of the Company.
In conjunction with this acquisition, we incurred approximately $0.5 million of legal and other acquisition-related expenses, which were recorded as Acquisition costs in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations during the nine months ended September 30, 2021.
SmarterChaos
On July 16, 2020, the Company acquired SmarterChaos.com, LLC, a premier digital marketing and online performance management marketer, along with She Is Media, a female-centric performance ad network, (collectively, “SmarterChaos”) for cash and equity of DMSH totaling approximately $5.8 million, net of cash, which was subject to a working capital adjustment that was finalized December 31, 2020.

DMSH issued the SmarterChaos sellers approximately 307,000 DMSH Units, which were convertible to Class A Common Stock, with an aggregate total value of $3.0 million based on the DMS Inc. stock price on July 15, 2020. The SmarterChaos sellers also became parties to the Amended Partnership Agreement.

On June 30, 2021, SmarterChaos sellers elected to redeem 154,000 DMSH units; DMS Inc. elected to exchange those for shares of Class A common stock, with an aggregate capital contribution to DMSH of approximately $3.0 million.
In conjunction with this acquisition, we incurred during third quarter of 2020 approximately $0.4 million of legal and other acquisition-related expenses, which were recorded as Acquisition costs in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following table presents our consolidated results of operations as a percentage of net revenue:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended
September 30,
20212020 (As restated)20212020 (As restated)
Revenue by type:
Customer acquisition96.3 %90.2 %95.8 %92.1 %
Managed services2.9 %8.8 %3.4 %6.9 %
Software services0.8 %1.0 %0.8 %1.1 %
Total net revenue100.0 %100.0 %100.0 %100.0 %
Revenue by segment:
Brand Direct60.5 %59.4 %58.5 %58.7 %
Marketplace54.3 %47.7 %53.4 %47.2 %
Other2.1 %3.5 %2.0 %2.3 %
Corporate and other(16.9)%(10.6)%(14.0)%(8.2)%
Net revenue100.0 %100.0 %100.0 %100.0 %
Cost of revenue70.9 %69.8 %70.1 %69.5 %
Gross profit29.1 %30.2 %29.9 %30.5 %
Salaries and related costs11.6 %9.5 %11.1 %10.5 %
General and administrative10.4 %8.2 %9.3 %7.3 %
Acquisition costs(2.5)%3.9 %(0.2)%1.4 %
Depreciation and amortization6.7 %5.6 %6.4 %5.8 %
Income from operations2.9 %3.0 %3.4 %5.6 %
Interest expense3.5 %4.1 %3.4 %4.6 %
Change in fair value of warrant liabilities(6.0)%(4.6)%(4.5)%(1.7)%
Net income before income taxes5.4 %3.5 %3.8 %2.6 %
Income tax expense0.4 %2.0 %0.5 %0.8 %
Net income5.0 %1.5 %3.3 %1.8 %
Net income attributable to non-controlling interest1.7 %3.0 %1.4 %1.1 %
Net income (loss) attributable to Digital Media Solutions, Inc.3.3 %(1.4)%1.9 0.7 %

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Operating Results for three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and September 30, 2020
The following table presents the consolidated results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 and the changes from the prior periods (in thousands):
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
20212020 (As restated)$ Change% Change20212020 (As restated)$ Change% Change
Net revenue$107,399 $82,829 $24,570 30 %$309,281 $230,753 $78,528 34 %
Cost of revenue76,139 57,777 18,362 32 %216,680 160,338 56,342 35 %
Salaries and related costs12,449 7,882 4,567 58 %34,426 24,114 10,312 43 %
General and administrative11,161 6,807 4,354 64 %28,675 16,756 11,919 71 %
Acquisition costs(2,665)3,248 (5,913)(182)%(705)3,322 (4,027)(121)%
Depreciation and amortization7,186 4,636 2,550 55 %19,649 13,307 6,342 48 %
Income from operations3,129 2,479 650 26 %$10,556 $12,916 $(2,360)(18)%
Interest expense3,756 3,421 335 10 %10,635 10,702 (67)(1)%
Change in fair value of warrant liabilities(6,400)(3,840)$(2,560)260 %(13,835)(3,840)(9,995)260 %
Debt extinguishment— — — N/A2,108 — 2,108 N/A
Net income before income taxes5,773 2,898 2,875 99 %11,648 $6,054 $5,594 92 %
Income tax expense379 1,636 (1,257)(77)%1,527 1,901 (374)(20)%
Net income5,394 1,262 4,132 327 %10,121 $4,153 $5,968 144 %
Net income attributable to non-controlling interest1,858 2,463 (605)(25)%4,217 2,463 $1,754 71 %
Net income (loss) attributable to Digital Media Solutions, Inc.$3,536 $(1,201)$4,737 (394)%$5,904 $1,690 $4,214 249 %
Net revenue. Our business generates revenue primarily through the delivery of a variety of performance-based marketing services, including customer acquisition, managed services and software services.
The following table presents revenue by type for each segment and the changes from the prior periods:
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Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
20212020$ Change% Change20212020$ Change% Change
Brand Direct
Customer acquisition$63,332 $43,921 $19,411 44 %$174,341 $122,557 $51,784 42 %
Managed services1,667 5,247 (3,580)(68)%6,713 12,885 (6,172)(48)%
Total Brand Direct$64,999 $49,168 $15,831 32 %$181,054 $135,442 $45,612 34 %
Marketplace
Customer acquisition$58,278 $39,541 $18,737 47 %$165,300 $108,937 $56,363 52 %
Total Marketplace$58,278 $39,541 $18,737 47 %$165,300 $108,937 $56,363 52 %
Other
Managed services$1,471 $2,045 $(574)(28)%$3,796 $2,945 $851 29 %
Software services784 830 (46)(6)%2,391 2,430 (39)(2)%
Total Other$2,255 $2,875 $(620)(22)%$6,187 $5,375 $812 15 %
Corporate and Other
Customer acquisition$(18,133)$(8,755)$(9,378)107 %$(43,260)$(19,001)$(24,259)128 %
Total Corporate and Other$(18,133)$(8,755)$(9,378)107 %$(43,260)$(19,001)$(24,259)128 %
Total Customer acquisition103,477 74,707 28,770 39 %296,381 212,493 83,888 39 %
Total Managed services3,138 7,292 (4,154)(57)%10,509 15,830 (5,321)(34)%
Total Software services784 830 (46)(6)%2,391 2,430 (39)(2)%
Total Net revenue$107,399 $82,829 $24,570 30 %$309,281 $230,753 $78,528 34 %
Customer Acquisition Revenue. Customer acquisition contracts deliver potential consumers or leads (i.e. number of clicks, emails, calls and applications) to the customer in real-time based on predefined qualifying characteristics specified by our customer.
Our Brand Direct segment experienced an increase in Customer acquisition revenue of $19.4 million or 44%, and $51.8 million or 42% during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively.
Customer acquisition revenue for Marketplace increased by $18.7 million or 47%, and $56.4 million or 52% during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. These increases in both the Brand Direct and Marketplace segments are primarily due to the migration of consumers to the online shopping experience, especially in the auto and health insurance verticals, as well as two acquisitions the Company completed in 2021.
Managed Services Revenue. Managed services contracts provide continuous service of managing the customer’s media spend for the purpose of generating leads through a third-party supplier of leads, as requested by our customer.
Managed services revenue experienced a decrease of $(4.2) million or (57)%, and $(5.3) million or (34)% during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. These decreases were primarily driven by lower third-party supplier leads.
Software Services Revenue. Software services contracts provide the customer with continuous, daily access to the Company’s proprietary software. Software services revenue is considered insignificant during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021.
Cost of revenue and gross profit. Cost of revenue primarily includes media and other related costs, such as the cost to acquire user traffic through the purchase of impressions, clicks or actions from publishers or third-party intermediaries, including advertising exchanges, and technology costs that enable media acquisition. These media costs are used primarily to drive user traffic to the Company’s and our customers’ media properties. Cost of revenue also includes indirect costs such as data verification, hosting and fulfillment costs.
The following table presents the gross profit percentage (gross profit as a percentage of total revenue) by segment and the changes from prior period:
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Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
20212020 (As restated)% Change20212020 (As restated)% Change
Brand Direct23.4 %23.1 %1.3 %24.4 %23.9 %2.1 %
Marketplace24.8 %30.0 %(17.3)%26.5 %31.1 %(14.8)%
Other71.8 %63.7 %12.7 %75.6 %79.3 %(4.7)%
Total gross profit percentage29.1 %30.2 %(3.6)%29.9 %30.5 %(2.0)%
Gross profit for Brand Direct increased for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, primarily driven by substantial diversification in our distribution channels as we continue to scale growth.
Gross profit for Marketplace decreased for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, primarily due to the expansion in the auto and health insurance business at compressed margins, as well as recent reduction of price paid per lead by several auto insurance and education customers, even as our media costs remained flat.
Gross profit for Other increased for the three months ended September 30, 2021, primarily due to the new revenue mix and decreased for the nine months ended September 30, 2021, due to compressed lower profit margins.

Total gross profit decreased for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, primarily due challenges in the auto insurance vertical, as well as from the effects of a spike in COVID infections.
Salaries and related costs. Total compensation includes salaries, commissions, bonuses, payroll taxes and retirement benefits.
Salaries and related costs increased by $4.6 million or 58% for the three months ended September 30, 2021, and increased $10.3 million or 43% for the nine months ended September 30, 2021. These increases are primarily driven by stock-based compensation and headcount as a result of required expansion of our workforce to support the Company’s growth, as well as the addition of FTEs from two acquisitions the Company completed in 2021.

General and administrative. General and administrative consist of expenses incurred in our normal course of business relating to office supplies, computer and technology, rent and utilities, insurance, legal and professional fees, state and local taxes and licenses, penalties and settlements and bad debt expense, as well as sales and marketing expenses relating to advertising and promotion. We also include other expenses such as investment banking expenses, fundraising costs and costs related to the advancement of our corporate social responsibility program.
General and administrative expenses increased $4.4 million or 64% for the three months ended September 30, 2021, and for the nine months ended September 30, 2021, expenses increased $11.9 million or 71%. These increases are primarily driven by higher software and computer expenses as well as an overall increase in insurance, legal and professional fees related to compliance, partially offset by a decline in rental expense due to office closures.

Acquisition costs. Acquisition related costs are not considered part of the consideration for acquisitions and are expensed as incurred. This includes contingent consideration fair value adjustments, acquisition incentive compensation and other transaction related costs.
Acquisition costs decreased by $(5.9) million or greater than 100%, and decreased $(4.0) million or greater than 100% during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. These decreases are primarily due to the acquisition costs related to contingent consideration fair value adjustments.
Depreciation and amortization. Property, plant and equipment consists of computers and office equipment, furniture and fixtures, leasehold improvements and internally developed software costs. Intangible assets subject to amortization include technology, customer relationships, brand, and non-competition agreements.
Depreciation and amortization expense increased $2.6 million or 55%, and $6.3 million or 48% during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. These increases are primarily driven by the fixed assets acquired with Crisp Results and Aimtell/Aramis/PushPros (“AAP”) as well as continued investments in internally developed software, which were placed in service.
Interest expense. Interest expense for three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 was related primarily to our debt, which carries a variable interest rate based on multiple options at either LIBOR plus 4.25% or an alternate base rate, plus an agreed upon margin with Truist Bank, the Company’s financial institution since May 25, 2021 (see Note 5 Debt).
Interest expense increased by $0.3 million or 10%, and decreased by $(0.1) million or (1)% during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. The increase for the three months ended September 30, 2021, was primarily due to outstanding debt balance. The decrease for the nine months ended September 30, 2021, was due to a partial decline in interest rates compared to the same period in the prior year.
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Income tax expense. The Company recorded income tax expense of $0.4 million and $1.5 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. The blended effective tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 was 6.57% and 13.11%, respectively, which varies from our statutory U.S. tax rate due to taxable income or loss that is allocated to the non-controlling interest as well as due to the impact of changes to the estimate of expected tax benefits related to the Business Combination. The Company recorded $1.6 million and $1.9 million income tax expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively. The blended effective tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 was 56.45% and 31.40%, respectively, which varies from our statutory U.S. tax rate due to taxable income or loss that is allocated to the non-controlling interest. These rates vary from our statutory U.S. tax rate due to the tax impact of the taxable income or loss that is allocated to the non-controlling interest.

Non-controlling interest. As a result of the Aimtell/PushPros/Aramis and Crisp Results acquisitions, our non-controlling interest owns approximately 41.7% of the ownership interest of DMSH and we allocate the respective portion of net income or loss to the DMSH Units held by the non-controlling interest.
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NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
In addition to providing financial measurements based on accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”), this Quarterly Report includes additional financial measures that are not prepared in accordance with GAAP (“non-GAAP”), including adjusted revenue, adjusted EBITDA, unlevered free cash flow, adjusted net income and adjusted EPS. A reconciliation of non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures can be found below. As explained further below, we use these financial measures internally to review the performance of our business units without regard to certain accounting treatments and non-recurring items. We believe that presentation of these non-GAAP financial measures provides useful information to investors regarding our results of operations. Because of these limitations, management relies primarily on its GAAP results and uses non-GAAP measures only as a supplement.

Adjusted Revenue
Adjusted revenue is a non-GAAP financial measure presented as an alternative method for assessing the Company’s operating results in a manner that is focused on the performance of our underlying operations. Management believes this measure provides useful information because, while the majority of our business consists of lead generation contracts which are accounted for on a gross basis, a portion of our agency managed services contracts are accounted for on a net basis. In light of these considerations, management believes that adjusted revenue provides useful information regarding operating performance across our business, without regard to the accounting treatment of individual contracts, and allows management to build forecasts on a consistent basis across the business. Management further uses adjusted revenue to compare the performance of divisions within the Company against each other and to isolate our core operating performance. Moreover, management expects that over time we will transition all of our services to a principal relationship and as our contracts are either amended or new agreements are executed, this measure will help provide a basis for comparison of our business operations between different periods over time as we transition these services and related accounting for these contracts.
Adjusted revenue is defined as revenue as reported under GAAP, without regard to netting of costs applicable to revenues earned under contracts that are deemed to be entered into on an agency basis.
The following table provides a reconciliation of Adjusted Revenue to revenue, the most directly comparable GAAP measure (in thousands):
Three Months Ended September 30, 2021Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021
Reported
(GAAP)
Adjustments (1)Adjusted
(Non-GAAP)
Reported
(GAAP)
Adjustments (1)Adjusted
(Non-GAAP)
Net revenue$107,399 $4,402 $111,801 $309,281 $11,313 $320,594 
Cost of revenue76,139 4,402 80,541 216,680 11,313 227,993 
Gross profit$31,260 $— $31,260 $92,601 $— $92,601 
Gross profit margin29.1 %— %28.0 %29.9 %— %28.9 %
(1) Includes the gross up for certain Managed services contracts that are presented net of costs under GAAP for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021.

Adjusted EBITDA, Unlevered Free Cash Flow and Unlevered Free Cash Flow Conversion
We use the non-GAAP measures of adjusted EBITDA and unlevered free cash flow to assess operating performance. Management believes that these measures provide useful information to investors regarding DMS’s operating performance and its capacity to incur and service debt and fund capital expenditures. DMS believes that these measures are used by many investors, analysts and rating agencies as a measure of performance. By reporting these measures, DMS provides a basis for comparison of our business operations between current, past and future periods by excluding items that DMS does not believe are indicative of our core operating performance. Financial measures that are non-GAAP should not be considered as alternatives to operating income, cash flows from operating activities or any other performance measures derived in accordance with GAAP as measures of operating performance, or cash flows as measures of liquidity. These measures have limitations as analytical tools, and you should not consider them in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. Because of these limitations, DMS relies primarily on its GAAP results and uses adjusted EBITDA and unlevered free cash flow only as a supplement.

Adjusted EBITDA is defined as net income (loss), excluding (1) interest expense, (2) income tax expense, (3) depreciation and amortization, (4) change in fair value of warrant liabilities (5) debt extinguishment (6) stock-
29

based compensation (7) restructuring (8) acquisition costs, (9) other expenses, (10) cost savings expected as a result of a company reorganization, (11) cost synergies expected as a result of full integration of our acquisitions, and (12) pre-acquisition cost savings resulting from current year’s acquisition and comparable to same period last year.

In addition, we adjust to take into account estimated cost synergies related to our acquisitions. These adjustments are estimated based on cost-savings that are expected to be realized within our acquisitions over time as these acquisitions are fully integrated into DMS. These cost-savings result from the removal of cost and or service redundancies that already exist within DMS, technology synergies as systems are consolidated and centralized, headcount reductions based on redundancies, right-sized cost structure of media and service costs utilizing the most beneficial contracts within DMS and the acquired companies with external media and service providers. We believe that these non-synergized costs tend to overstate our expenses during the periods in which such synergies are still being realized.
Furthermore, in order to review the performance of the combined business over periods that extend prior to our ownership of the acquired businesses, we include the pre-acquisition performance of the businesses acquired. Management believes that doing so helps to understand the combined operating performance and potential of the business as a whole and makes it easier to compare performance of the combined business over different periods.

Unlevered free cash flow is defined as adjusted EBITDA, less capital expenditures, and unlevered free cash flow conversion is defined as unlevered free cash flow divided by adjusted EBITDA.
30

The following table provides a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA and Unlevered Free Cash Flow from net income the most directly comparable GAAP measure (in thousands):
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
20212020 (As restated)20212020 (As restated)
(U.S. Dollars in Thousands)
Net income$5,394 $1,262 $10,121 $4,153 
Adjustments
Interest expense3,756 3,421 10,635 10,702 
Income tax expense379 1,636 1,527 1,901 
Depreciation and amortization7,186 4,636 19,649 13,307 
Change in fair value of warrant liabilities(6,400)(3,840)(13,835)(3,840)
Debt extinguishment— — 2,108 — 
Stock-based compensation1,516 — 4,046 — 
Restructuring52 987 134 987 
Acquisition costs (1)(2,665)3,248 (705)3,322 
Other expense (2)965 1,396 4,346 2,477 
Subtotal before additional adjustments$10,183 $12,746 $38,026 $33,009 
Additional adjustments
Pro Forma Cost Savings - Reorganization (3)$— 47 $31 $1,017 
Pro Forma Cost Savings - Acquisitions (4)856 1,242 2,656 4,809 
Acquisitions EBITDA (5)— 2,711 400 
Adjusted EBITDA$11,039 $14,044 $43,424 $39,235 
Capex$3,663 2,450 $7,875 $7,481 
Unlevered cash flow$7,376 $11,594 $35,549 $31,754 
Unlevered cash flow conversion67 %83 %82 %81 %
______________
(1)Includes pre-acquisition transactions related to travel, professional and legal fees for recent acquisitions, as well as acquisition earnout contingent consideration adjustments.
(2)     Other expenses include lease termination costs due to office closures, severance and commission payments due to company reorganization, legal settlements, investor management fees, director fees, professional services associated with the set-up of employee benefits structure for a publicly traded company, and costs related to philanthropic initiatives.
(3)    This reflects remaining cost savings expected as a result of a company reorganization initiated in Q2 2020.
(4)     This reflects remaining cost synergies expected as a result of full integration of our acquisitions.
(5)     This represents the pre-acquisition Adjusted EBITDA results for the SmarterChaos, Aimtell/Aramis/PushPros, and Crisp acquisitions during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, and the comparable Adjusted EBITDA amounts for those same acquisitions during the same three- and nine-month periods in 2020.
31

A reconciliation of Unlevered Free Cash Flow to net cash provided by operating activities, the most directly comparable GAAP measure, is presented below (in thousands):
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
20212020 (As restated)20212020 (As restated)
Unlevered Free Cash Flow$7,376 $11,594 $35,549 $31,754 
Capital expenditures3,663 2,450 7,875 7,481 
Adjusted EBITDA$11,039 $14,044 $43,424 $39,235 
Acquisitions EBITDA (1)— 2,711 400 
 Pro Forma Cost Savings - Acquisitions (2)856 1,242 2,656 4,809 
 Pro Forma Cost Savings - Reorganization (3)— 47 31 1,017 
Subtotal before additional adjustments10,183 $12,746 $38,026 $33,009 
Other expenses (4)965 1,396 4,346 2,477 
Acquisition costs (5)(2,665)3,248 (705)3,322 
Stock-based compensation1,516 — 4,046 — 
Restructuring52 987 134 987 
Change in fair value of warrant liabilities(6,400)(3,840)(13,835)(3,840)
Debt extinguishment— — 2,108 — 
Subtotal before additional adjustments$16,715 $11,942 $41,932 $30,063 
Loss on debt extinguishment— — 2,108 — 
Provision for bad debt475 800 1,384 800 
Lease restructuring charges(255)— (81)— 
Stock-based compensation1,446 — 3,976 — 
Interest expense(3,756)(3,421)(10,635)(10,702)
Income tax expense(379)(1,636)(1,527)(1,901)
Payment of contingent consideration— — — (1,000)
Amortization of debt issuance costs478 228 1,006 699 
Deferred income tax provision, net(1,220)(277)(856)(1,261)
Change in income tax receivable and payable1,600 — (728)— 
Change in fair value of contingent consideration(3,085)— (2,525)— 
Change in fair value of warrant liability(6,400)(3,840)(13,835)(3,840)
Change in accounts receivable, net(2,994)(5,486)(7,324)(8,486)
Change in prepaid expenses and other current assets(2,343)3,614 (2,121)(495)
Change in accounts payable and accrued expenses4,401 3,286 (2,367)3,210 
Change in income tax receivable and payable— — — — 
Change in other liabilities(326)(165)(516)(136)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities$4,357 $5,445 $7,891 $7,351 
______________

(1)This represents the pre-acquisition Adjusted EBITDA results for the SmarterChaos, Aimtell/Aramis/PushPros, and Crisp acquisitions during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, and the comparable Adjusted EBITDA amounts for those same acquisitions during the same three- and nine-month periods in 2020.
(2)This reflects remaining cost synergies expected as a result of full integration of our acquisitions.
(3)This reflects remaining cost savings expected as a result of a company reorganization initiated in Q2 2020.
(4)Other expenses include lease termination costs due to office closures, severance and commission payments due to company reorganization, legal settlements, investor management fees, director fees and costs related to philanthropic initiatives.
(5)Includes pre-acquisition transactions related to travel, professional and legal fees for recent acquisitions, as well as acquisition earnout contingent consideration adjustments.









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Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted EPS:
We use the non-GAAP measures adjusted net income and adjusted EPS to assess operating performance. Management believes that these measures provide investors with useful information on period-to-period performance as evaluated by management and comparison with our past financial and operating performance. Management also believes these non-GAAP financial measures are useful in evaluating our operating performance compared to that of other companies in our industry, as this metric generally eliminates the effects of certain items that may vary from company to company for reasons unrelated to overall operating performance. We define adjusted net income (loss) as net income (loss) attributable to Digital Media Solutions, Inc. adjusted for (x) costs associated with the change in fair value of warrant liabilities, debt extinguishment, Business Combinations and acquisition-related costs, equity based compensation and lease restructuring charges and (y) the reallocation of net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests from the assumed acquisition by Digital Media Solutions, Inc. of all units of Digital Media Solutions Holdings, LLC ("DMSH LLC") (other than units held by subsidiaries of Digital Media Solutions, Inc.) for newly-issued shares of Class A common stock of Digital Media Solutions, Inc. on a one-to-one basis. We define adjusted pro forma net income (loss) per share as adjusted pro forma net income (loss) divided by the weighted-average shares of Class A common stock outstanding, assuming the acquisition by Digital Media Solutions, Inc. of all outstanding DMSH LLC units (other than units held by subsidiaries of Digital Media Solutions, Inc.) for newly-issued shares of Class A common stock on a one-to-one-basis.

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The following table presents a reconciliation between GAAP Earnings Share and Non-GAAP Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted EPS (In thousands, except per share data):
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
20212020 (As restated)20212020 (As restated)
Numerator:
Net income$5,394 $1,262 $10,121 $4,153 
Net income (loss) attributable to DMSH prior to the Business Combination$— $(4,236)$— $(1,345)
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest$1,858 $2,463 $4,217 $2,463 
  Net income (loss) attributable to Digital Media Solutions, Inc. - basic$3,536 $3,035 $5,904 $3,035 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest$1,858 $— $4,217 $— 
Net income (loss) attributable to Digital Media Solutions, Inc. - diluted$5,394 $3,035 $10,121 $3,035 
Denominator:
  Weighted average shares - basic36,511 32,294 35,050 32,294 
Add: dilutive effects of DMSH Units convertible to Class A Common Stock25,853 — 25,853 — 
  Add: dilutive effects of employee equity awards267 — 515 — 
  Add: dilutive effects of Private Placement warrants— — — — 
  Add: dilutive effects of public warrants— — 168 — 
  Add: dilutive effects of deferred consideration690 — 402 — 
Weighted average shares - diluted63,321 32,294 61,988 32,294 
Net income per common share:
  Basic$0.10 $0.09 $0.17 $0.09 
  Diluted$0.09 $0.09 $0.16 $0.09 
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
20212020 (As restated)20212020 (As restated)
Numerator:
Net income attributable to Digital Media Solutions, Inc. - basic;$3,536 $3,035 $5,904 $3,035 
Add adjustments to net income:
Change in fair value of warrant liabilities(6,400)(3,840)(13,835)(3,840)
Debt Extinguishment— — 2,108 — 
Acquisition costs(2,665)3,248 (705)3,322 
Equity based compensation, legal and severance costs2,481 2,383 8,392 3,064 
Restructuring, transition and refinance costs52 — 134 — 
Acquisition synergies856 1,242 2,656 4,809 
Acquisition EBITDA— 56 2,742 1,417 
$(2,140)$6,124 $7,396 $11,807 
Net income tax expense (benefit) based on conversion of units$(337)$351 $565 $351 
Adjusted net (loss) income - basic$(1,803)$5,773 $6,831 $11,456 
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Denominator:
Weighted-average shares outstanding - basic36,511 32,294 35,050 32,294 
Adjusted EPS -basic$(0.05)$0.18 $0.19 $0.35 


35


LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
The following table summarizes certain key measures of our liquidity and capital resources (in thousands):
September 30,
2021
December 31,
2020
$ Change% Change
Cash$18,732 $31,397 $(12,665)(40)%
Availability under revolving credit facility$50,000 $15,000 $35,000 233 %
Total Debt224,437 203,851 $20,586 10 %
Our capital sources are focused on investments in our technology solutions, corporate infrastructure and strategic acquisitions to further expand into new business sectors and/or expand sales in existing sectors. We generate sufficient cash flows for working capital and expect to do so for the foreseeable future.
Our principal sources of liquidity on a short-term basis are cash and cash equivalents, and cash flows provided by operations. Our primary use of cash is compensation to our employees and payments for general operating expenses and interest expense.

On May 25, 2021, Digital Media Solutions, LLC (“DMS LLC”), as borrower, and DMSH, each of which is a subsidiary of DMS, entered into a five-year $275 million senior secured credit facility (the “Credit Facility”), with a syndicate of lenders (“Lenders”), arranged by Truist Bank and Fifth Third Bank, as joint lead arrangers, and Truist Bank, as administrative agent. The Credit Facility is guaranteed by, and secured by substantially all of the assets of, DMS LLC, DMSH LLC and their material subsidiaries, subject to customary exceptions. Pursuant to the Credit Facility, the Lenders provided DMS LLC with senior secured term loans consisting of a senior secured term loan with an aggregate principal amount of $225 million (the “Term Loan”) and a $50 million senior secured revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Facility”).

The Term Loan which was issued at an original issue discount of 1.8% or $4.2 million, will be subject to payment of 1.0% of the original aggregate principal amount per annum paid quarterly, with a bullet payment at maturity. The Term Loan will mature, and the revolving credit commitments under the Revolving Facility will terminate, on May 25, 2026, when any outstanding balances will become due.
For the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and the nine months ended September 30, 2020, our Unlevered Free Cash Flow conversion rate was 82% and 81%, respectively. The overall increase was primarily due to higher business performance.
Cash flows from operating activities
Net cash provided by operating activities was $7.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 as compared to $7.4 million provided by in the nine months ended September 30, 2020. The increase in comparable cash provided by operating activities was primarily driven by debt extinguishment and recent acquisitions, offset by vendor payments in 2021.
Cash flows from investing activities
Net cash used in investing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 increased by $22.4 million or 218% to $32.7 million from $10.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 primarily due to the recent acquisition of Aimtell/Aramis/PushPros and Crisp Results as well as continued investments in internally developed software.
Cash flows from financing activities
Net cash used in financing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was $12.1 million, reflecting a decrease of $(12.3) million or 50%, as compared to $24.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020. This decrease was mainly due to borrowings incurred in connection with the establishment of our Credit Facility.
OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS
We do not have any outstanding off-balance sheet guarantees, interest rate swap transactions or foreign currency forward contracts. In addition, we do not engage in trading activities involving non-exchange traded contracts. In our ongoing business, we do not enter into transactions involving, or otherwise form relationships with, unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships that are established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements or other contractually narrow or limited purposes.



36

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES
Refer to Item 7: Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation in our 2020 Form 10-K/A, for further information on our critical and other significant accounting policies.
RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING STANDARDS
Refer to Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in the Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Item 1: Financial Statements of this Quarterly Report, for a more detailed discussion on recent accounting pronouncements and the related impact on our consolidated financial statements.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
For our disclosures about market risk, please see Part II, Item 7A: Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk in our 2020 Form 10-K/A.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in our Exchange Act reports is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial and accounting officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of September 30, 2021, as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act. Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that during the period covered by this Quarterly Report, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective because of the material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting described in our 2020 Form 10-K/A. A material weakness is a deficiency, or combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our quarterly interim consolidated financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

With the oversight of senior management and our audit committee, we have been taking steps to improve and enhance our internal control over financial reporting, and more recently to remediate the material weaknesses described in our 2020 Form 10-K/A. These steps include: (i) moving to a new accounting system for the period commencing on January 1, 2021 for more efficient and timely reporting; (ii) hiring additional personnel to oversee and effectively allow for formally documenting accounting policies and ensuring compliance with accounting requirements; (iii) continuing to improve and maintain policies, processes and documentation procedures to improve the overall efficiency and accuracy of our financial reporting; and (iv) establishing an ongoing program of education for our corporate finance and reporting employees, specifically including U.S. GAAP and the application of accounting pronouncements.

Except as disclosed above, there was no change in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2021, that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.


37

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
From time to time, we are involved in various disputes and litigation that arise in the ordinary course of business. However, separate from such matters, to the best of our knowledge, there are no material pending or threatened legal proceedings to which we are a party, either individually or in the aggregate.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
The Company’ s business, results of operations, and financial condition are subject to various risks and uncertainties, including those described in Part I, Item 1A: Risk Factors in our 2020 Form 10-K/A. The following risk factor is being provided to supplement and update the risk factors set forth in our 2020 Form 10-K/A.

We are exploring possible strategic alternatives, but we may not be successful in identifying or completing any strategic alternative, and any such strategic alternative may not create additional value for our stockholders.

Our Board of Directors, together with management and in consultation with our legal and financial advisors, is conducting a process to explore and evaluate strategic alternatives to maximize shareholder value. The Board of Directors plans to proceed in a timely manner, but has not set a definitive timetable for completion of this process. This review process may not be successful or result in a transaction or other strategic alternative of any kind, or provide greater stockholder value than that reflected in our current stock price. Any potential transaction or alternative would be dependent upon a number of factors that may be beyond our control, including, among other factors, market conditions, industry trends, shareholder approval and the interest of third parties in our business.

The review of strategic alternatives also may expose us and our operations to a number of risks and uncertainties, including the diversion of management’s and the Board of Directors’ attention from our business, the incurrence of significant expenses associated with the retention of legal, financial and other advisors, our failure to retain, attract or strengthen our relationships with key personnel, suppliers or customers and exposure to potential litigation in connection with this process and effecting any transaction or strategic alternative. If we are unable to effectively manage the process, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.


Further, as previously disclosed, we do not intend to disclose developments or provide updates on the progress or status of this process until our Board of Directors deems further disclosure is appropriate or required. Accordingly, speculation regarding any developments related to the review of strategic alternatives and perceived uncertainties related to the future of our Company could cause our stock price to fluctuate significantly.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds from Registered Securities
None.
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
None.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
None.
Item 5. Other Information
None.
38

Item 6. Exhibits
The following exhibits are filed as part of this report:
Exhibit
Number
Description
Certificate of Incorporation of Digital Media Solutions, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to Digital Media Solutions, Inc.’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on July 16, 2020).
Bylaws of Digital Media Solutions, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to Digital Media Solutions, Inc.’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on July 16, 2020).
10.1 ^
Credit Agreement, dated as of May 25, 2021, by and among Digital Media Solutions, LLC, as borrower, Digital Media Solutions Holdings, LLC, the lenders and issuing banks named therein, and Truist Bank, as administrative agent and as collateral agent.
10.2 +#Letter Agreement, dated September 30, 2021, by and between Digital Media Solutions, Inc. and Jonathan Katz.
31.1Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
31.2Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
32.1Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
32.2Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
101The following financial information for the period ended September 30, 2021, formatted in Inline XBRL: (i) Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets; (ii) Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations; (iii) Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity; (iv) Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows; and (v) Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)
_______________________________________


+ Certain confidential information contained in this agreement has been omitted because it (i) is not material, and (ii) would be competitively harmful if publicly disclosed.

# Management contract and compensatory plan and arrangement.

^ Certain schedules to this Exhibit have been omitted in accordance with Item 601(a)(5) of Regulation S-K. The registrant agrees to furnish supplementally to the Securities and Exchange Commission a copy of any omitted schedules upon request, provided that the registrant may request confidential treatment pursuant to Rule 24b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.















39

SIGNATURE
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.
Date: November 9, 2021
Digital Media Solutions, Inc.
/s/ Joseph Marinucci
Name:Joseph Marinucci
Title:President and Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)
/s/ Vasundara Srenivas
Name:Vasundara Srenivas
Title:Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)
40