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CHRA Charah Solutions

Filed: 9 Aug 21, 4:58pm


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
____________________________
FORM 10-Q
____________________________
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2021
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ____________ to ____________
Commission File Number: 001-38523
____________________________
CHARAH SOLUTIONS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
____________________________
Delaware82-4228671
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
12601 Plantside Drive
Louisville, Kentucky
40299
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (502) 245-1353
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading SymbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per shareCHRANew York Stock Exchange
____________________________
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x No ¨
      Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b‑2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer ¨
   
Accelerated filer ¨
Non-accelerated filer x
  
Smaller reporting company
   
Emerging growth company
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b‑2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No x
As of August 6, 2021, the registrant had 33,407,806 shares of common stock outstanding.




CHARAH SOLUTIONS, INC.

QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021

TABLE OF CONTENTS



i


CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
The information in this Quarterly Report on Form 10‑Q (this “Quarterly Report”) includes “forward‑looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). All statements, other than statements of historical fact included in this Quarterly Report, regarding our strategy, future operations, financial position, estimated revenue and losses, projected costs, prospects, plans and objectives of management are forward‑looking statements. When used in this Quarterly Report, the words “may,” “will,” “could,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “expect,” “project” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward‑looking statements. However, not all forward‑looking statements contain such identifying words. These forward‑looking statements are based on management’s current belief, based on currently available information, as to the outcome and timing of future events. When considering forward‑looking statements, you should keep in mind the risk factors and other cautionary statements included in Part I, “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 and in Part II, “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of this Quarterly Report and elsewhere herein. These forward‑looking statements are based on management’s current belief, based on currently available information, as to the outcome and timing of future events.
Forward‑looking statements may include statements about:
the impacts from the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company's business;
our business strategy;
our operating cash flows, the availability of capital and our liquidity;
our future revenue, income and operating performance;
our ability to sustain and improve our utilization, revenue and margins;
our ability to maintain acceptable pricing for our services;
our future capital expenditures;
our ability to finance equipment, working capital and capital expenditures;
competition and government regulations;
our ability to obtain permits and governmental approvals;
pending legal or environmental matters or liabilities;
environmental hazards;
industrial accidents;
business or asset acquisitions;
general economic conditions;
credit markets;
our ability to successfully develop our research and technology capabilities and to implement technological developments and enhancements;
uncertainty regarding our future operating results;
our ability to obtain additional financing on favorable terms, if required, to fund the operations and growth of our business;
timely review and approval of permits, permit renewals, extensions and amendments by regulatory authorities;
our ability to comply with certain debt covenants;
our expectations relating to dividend payments and our ability to make such payments, if any; and
plans, objectives, expectations and intentions, as well as any other statement contained in this Quarterly Report that are not statements of historical fact.
We caution you that these forward‑looking statements are subject to all of the risks and uncertainties, most of which are difficult to predict and many of which are beyond our control. These risks include, but are not limited to, the risks described under Part I, “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 and under Part II, “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of this Quarterly Report and elsewhere herein. Should one or more of the risks or uncertainties described occur, or should underlying assumptions prove incorrect, our actual results and plans could differ materially from those expressed in any forward‑looking statements.
All forward‑looking statements, expressed or implied, included in this Quarterly Report are expressly qualified in their entirety by this cautionary note. This cautionary note should also be considered in connection with any subsequent written or oral forward‑looking statements that we or persons acting on our behalf may issue. Except as otherwise required by applicable law, we disclaim any duty to update any forward‑looking statements, all of which are expressly qualified by the statements in this cautionary note, to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this Quarterly Report.
ii


PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
CHARAH SOLUTIONS, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands, except par value amounts)
(Unaudited)
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$18,081 $24,787 
Restricted cash39,578 4,424 
Trade accounts receivable, net44,509 46,609 
Receivable from affiliates182 
Contract assets17,631 18,329 
Inventory6,045 5,917 
Income tax receivable29 260 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets8,274 5,287 
Total current assets134,147 105,795 
Property and equipment, net62,840 49,470 
Goodwill62,193 62,193 
Intangible assets, net62,675 61,426 
Equity method investments831 
Other assets7,987 1,245 
Total assets$329,849 $280,960 
Liabilities, mezzanine equity and stockholders equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable17,600 15,613 
Contract liabilities26,076 6,295 
Capital lease obligations, current portion4,423 2,199 
Notes payable, current maturities28,571 22,308 
Asset retirement obligation, current portion21,395 2,043 
Accrued liabilities19,985 34,937 
Other current liabilities2,734 935 
Total current liabilities120,784 84,330 
Deferred tax liabilities597 368 
Contingent payments for acquisitions1,950 1,950 
Asset retirement obligation30,966 3,116 
Line of credit12,781 12,003 
Capital lease obligations, less current portion8,173 4,485 
Notes payable, less current maturities110,864 124,969 
Other liabilities1,845 2,000 
Total liabilities287,960 233,221 
Commitments and contingencies (see Note 17)
00
Mezzanine equity
Series A Preferred Stock — $0.01 par value; 50 shares authorized, 26 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020; aggregate liquidation preference of $30,685 and $28,783 as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively31,141 27,423 
Stockholders equity
Retained losses(94,318)(88,865)
Common Stock — $0.01 par value; 200,000 shares authorized, 30,519 and 30,077 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively305 300 
Additional paid-in capital104,442 108,471 
Total stockholders equity
10,429 19,906 
Non-controlling interest319 410 
Total equity10,748 20,316 
Total liabilities, mezzanine equity and stockholders equity
$329,849 $280,960 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements


1


CHARAH SOLUTIONS, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
 Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
June 30,June 30,
 2021202020212020
Revenue$63,518 $52,304 $115,625 $103,581 
Cost of sales(56,598)(47,098)(103,120)(93,480)
Gross profit6,920 5,206 12,505 10,101 
General and administrative expenses(9,379)(8,657)(18,811)(19,325)
Gain on sales-type lease5,568 
Gains on sales of property and equipment, net2,696 3,243 
Other operating expenses from ERT services(1,007)(1,297)
Operating (loss) income(770)(3,451)1,208 (9,224)
Interest expense, net(3,314)(4,055)(6,549)(6,914)
Loss on extinguishment of debt(8,603)
(Loss) income from equity method investment(11)326 191 622 
Loss from continuing operations before income taxes(4,095)(7,180)(5,150)(24,119)
Income tax expense72 229 
Net loss from continuing operations, net of tax(4,167)(7,180)(5,379)(24,119)
Income from discontinued operations, net of tax3,777 6,820 
Net loss(4,167)(3,403)(5,379)(17,299)
Less (loss) income attributable to non-controlling interest(1)133 74 487 
Net loss attributable to Charah Solutions, Inc.$(4,166)$(3,536)$(5,453)$(17,786)
Amounts attributable to Charah Solutions, Inc.
Loss from continuing operations, net of tax and non-controlling interest$(4,166)$(7,313)$(5,453)$(24,606)
Deemed and imputed dividends on Series A Preferred Stock(148)(167)(295)(167)
Series A Preferred Stock dividends(2,148)(858)(4,215)(969)
Net loss from continuing operations attributable to common stockholders(6,462)(8,338)(9,963)(25,742)
Income from discontinued operations, net of tax3,777 6,820 
Net loss attributable to common stockholders$(6,462)(4,561)$(9,963)$(18,922)
Net loss from continuing operations per common share:
Basic$(0.21)$(0.28)$(0.33)$(0.86)
Diluted$(0.21)$(0.28)$(0.33)$(0.86)
Net income from discontinued operations per common share:
Basic$$0.13 $$0.23 
Diluted$$0.13 $$0.23 
Net loss attributable to common stockholders per common share:
Basic$(0.21)$(0.15)$(0.33)$(0.64)
Diluted$(0.21)$(0.15)$(0.33)$(0.64)
Weighted-average shares outstanding used in income (loss) per common share:
Basic30,450 29,927 30,282 29,785
Diluted30,450 29,927 30,282 29,785

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


2


CHARAH SOLUTIONS, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
(in thousands, except share amounts)
(Unaudited)

For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2020
Mezzanine EquityPermanent Equity
 Preferred Stock (Shares)Preferred Stock (Amount)Common Stock (Shares)Common Stock (Amount)Additional Paid-In CapitalRetained
Losses
TotalNon-Controlling
Interest
Total
Balance, December 31, 2019$29,622,835 $296 $85,187 $(33,002)$52,481 $792 $53,273 
Net (loss) income— — — — — (17,786)(17,786)487 (17,299)
Distributions— — — — — — — (709)(709)
Share-based compensation expense— — — — 1,470 — 1,470 — 1,470 
Shares issued under share-based compensation plans— — 426,852 (4)— — — 
Taxes paid related to net settlement of shares— — (63,924)— (137)— (137)— (137)
Issuance of Series A Preferred Stock, net of issuance costs26,000 24,263 — — — — — — 
Deemed and imputed dividends on Series A Preferred Stock— 286 — — (167)— (167)— (167)
Series A Preferred Stock dividends— — — — (969)— (969)— (969)
Balance, June 30, 202026,000 24,549 29,985,763 $300 $85,380 $(50,788)$34,892 $570 $35,462 


For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2021
Mezzanine EquityPermanent Equity
 Preferred Stock (Shares)Preferred Stock (Amount)Common Stock (Shares)Common Stock (Amount)Additional Paid-In CapitalRetained
Losses
TotalNon-Controlling
Interest
Total
Balance, December 31, 202026,000 $27,423 30,077,018 $300 $108,471 $(88,865)$19,906 $410 $20,316 
Net (loss) income— — — — — (5,453)(5,453)74 (5,379)
Distributions— — — — — — — (165)(165)
Share-based compensation expense— — — — 998 — 998 — 998 
Shares issued under share-based compensation plans— — 535,417 (6)— — — 
Taxes paid related to the net settlement of shares— — (93,518)(1)(511)— (512)— (512)
Deemed and imputed dividends on Series A Preferred Stock�� 295 — — (295)— (295)— (295)
Series A Preferred Stock dividends— 3,423 — — (4,215)— (4,215)— (4,215)
Balance, June 30, 202126,000 $31,141 30,518,917 $305 $104,442 $(94,318)$10,429 $319 $10,748 







See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


3



CHARAH SOLUTIONS, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
(in thousands, except share amounts)
(Unaudited)

For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2020
Mezzanine EquityPermanent Equity
 Preferred Stock (Shares)Preferred Stock (Amount)Common Stock (Shares)Common Stock (Amount)Additional Paid-In CapitalRetained
Losses
TotalNon-Controlling
Interest
Total
Balance, March 31, 202026,000 $23,513 29,616,882 $296 $85,794 $(47,252)$38,838 $568 $39,406 
Net (loss) income— — — — — (3,536)(3,536)133 (3,403)
Distributions— — — — — — — (131)(131)
Share-based compensation expense— — — — 738 — 738 — 738 
Shares issued under share-based compensation plans— — 426,852 (4)— — — 
Taxes paid related to the net settlement of shares— — (57,971)— (123)— (123)— (123)
Issuance of Series A Preferred Stock, net of issuance costs— 750 — — — — — — 
Deemed and imputed dividends on Series A Preferred Stock— 286 —��— (167)— (167)— (167)
Series A Preferred Stock dividends— — — — (858)— (858)— (858)
Balance, June 30, 202026,000 $24,549 29,985,763 $300 $85,380 $(50,788)$34,892 $570 $35,462 


For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2021
Mezzanine EquityPermanent Equity
 Preferred Stock (Shares)Preferred Stock (Amount)Common Stock (Shares)Common Stock (Amount)Additional Paid-In CapitalRetained
Losses
TotalNon-Controlling
Interest
Total
Balance, March 31, 202126,000 $28,926 30,228,385 $302 $106,552 $(90,152)$16,702 $485 $17,187 
Net (loss) income— — — — — (4,166)(4,166)(1)(4,167)
Distributions— — — — — — — (165)(165)
Share-based compensation expense— — — — 699 — 699 — 699 
Shares issued under share-based compensation plans— — 383,080 (4)— — — 
Taxes paid related to the net settlement of shares— — (92,548)(1)(509)— (510)— (510)
Deemed and imputed dividends on Series A Preferred Stock— 2,215 — — (148)— (148)— (148)
Series A Preferred Stock dividends— — — — (2,148)— (2,148)— (2,148)
Balance, June 30, 202126,000 $31,141 30,518,917 $305 $104,442 $(94,318)$10,429 $319 $10,748 




See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


4


CHARAH SOLUTIONS, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)

 Six Months Ended
June 30,
 20212020
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net loss$(5,379)$(17,299)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization12,315 13,274 
Loss on extinguishment of debt8,603 
Paid-in-kind interest on long-term debt2,448 1,663 
Impairment expense127 
Amortization of debt issuance costs331 214 
Deferred income taxes229 
Gain on sales-type lease(5,568)
(Gains) losses on sales of property and equipment(4,140)281 
Income from equity method investment(191)(622)
Distributions received from equity method investment849 
Non-cash share-based compensation998 1,470 
Gain on interest rate swap(201)(30)
Interest accreted on contingent payments for acquisition105 
Increase (decrease) in cash due to changes in:
Trade accounts receivable4,695 (6,220)
Contract assets and liabilities20,479 15,280 
Inventory(607)4,975 
Accounts payable1,986 (7,887)
Asset retirement obligation(3,387)(4,183)
Other assets and liabilities(13,893)(1,245)
Net cash provided by operating activities10,242 9,228 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Proceeds from the sales of property and equipment4,232 155 
Purchases of property and equipment(2,829)(1,604)
Cash and restricted cash received from ERT transaction34,900 
Payments of working capital adjustment and other items for the sale of subsidiary(7,367)
Distributions received from equity method investment1,015 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities29,951 (1,449)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from the line of credit778 5,500 
Proceeds from long-term debt1,009 15,781 
Principal payments on long-term debt(11,631)(12,435)
Payments of debt issuance costs(1,543)
Principal payments on capital lease obligations(1,224)
Taxes paid related to net settlement of shares(512)(137)
Net proceeds from issuance of convertible Series A Preferred Stock24,263 
Distributions to non-controlling interest(165)(709)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities(11,745)30,720 
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash28,448 38,499 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period29,211 6,128 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period$57,659 $44,627 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


5


Supplemental Disclosures and Non-cash investing and financing transactions
The following table summarizes additional supplemental disclosures and non-cash investing and financing transactions:
 Six Months Ended
June 30,
 20212020
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
Cash paid during the period for interest$4,049 7,703 
Cash paid during the period for taxes534 779 
Supplemental disclosures and non-cash investing and financing transactions:
Gross proceeds from the line of credit$60,590 $61,988 
Gross payments on the line of credit(59,812)(56,488)
Sale of structural fill asset through a sales-type lease6,000 
Proceeds from the sale of equipment in accounts receivable, net1,109 
Series A Preferred Stock dividends payable included in accrued expenses2,148 850 
Deemed and imputed dividends on Series A Preferred Stock295 
Series A Preferred Stock issuance costs included in accounts payable and accrued expenses996 
Equipment acquired through capital leases7,137 
Changes in property and equipment included in accounts payables and accrued expenses205 676 
Sale of equipment through the issuance of a note receivable1,450 
Debt issuance costs included in accounts payable and accrued expenses579 
As reported within the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet:
Cash and cash equivalents$18,081 $30,359 
Restricted cash39,578 14,268 
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash as presented in the balance sheet$57,659 $44,627 



















See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


6

CHARAH SOLUTIONS, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)

1. Nature of Business and Basis of Presentation
Organization
Charah Solutions, Inc. and subsidiaries (“Charah Solutions,” the “Company,” “we,” “us,” or “our”) was formed as a Delaware corporation in January 2018 and did not conduct any material business operations before the transactions described below other than certain activities related to its initial public offering, which was completed on June 18, 2018 (the “IPO”). Charah Solutions is a holding company, the sole material assets of which consist of membership interests in Charah Management LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Charah Management”). Through the Company’s ownership of Charah Management, the Company owns the outstanding equity interests in Charah, LLC, a Kentucky limited liability company (“Charah”), the subsidiary through which Charah Solutions operates its businesses.
Description of Business Operations
The Company is a leading national service provider of mission-critical environmental services and byproduct sales to the power generation industry, enabling our customers to address challenges related to the remediation of coal ash ponds and landfills at open and closed power plant sites while continuously operating and providing necessary electric power to communities nationwide. Services offered include a suite of remediation and compliance services, byproduct sales and marketing, fossil services and environmental risk transfer (“ERT”) services. The Company has corporate offices in Kentucky and North Carolina and principally operates in the eastern and mid-central United States.
Under the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act (the “JOBS Act”), the Company meets the definition of an “emerging growth company,” which allows the Company to have an extended transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards pursuant to Section 107(b) of the JOBS Act. The Company intends to take advantage of all of the reduced reporting requirements and exemptions, including the longer phase-in periods for the adoption of new or revised financial accounting standards under Section 107 of the JOBS Act until the Company is no longer an emerging growth company. Among other things, we are not required to provide an auditor attestation report on the assessment of the internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and our disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation may be reduced. We may take advantage of these provisions until the last day of our fiscal year following the fifth anniversary of the IPO or December 31, 2023. However, if certain events occur before the end of such five-year period, including if we become a “large accelerated filer,” our annual gross revenue exceeds $1.07 billion, or we issue more than $1.0 billion of non-convertible debt in any three-year period, we will cease to be an emerging growth company before the end of such five-year period.
Basis for Presentation
The Company’s fiscal year ends December 31. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the assets, liabilities, stockholders’ equity and results of operations of the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries. Intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission for quarterly reports on Form 10-Q. In the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included, which consist of normal recurring adjustments. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the annual financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated and combined financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.
Going Concern
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles applicable to a going concern, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business.
As of June 30, 2021, borrowings under the Company’s credit facility total $132,788 and will mature in July 2022. In addition, in August 2021, the Company entered into an amendment to its credit facility as further discussed in Note 11, Credit Agreement, to waive non-compliance with certain financial covenants as of June 30, 2021 and to amend certain financial covenants as of September 30, 2021 in order to avoid projected non-compliance that could result in acceleration of maturity. The Company does not have sufficient cash on hand or available liquidity to repay the maturing credit facility debt as it becomes due within one year after the date that these condensed consolidated financial statements are issued. These conditions and events raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.
In response, the Company is currently pursuing a plan to offer senior unsecured notes due in 2026 in a registered underwritten public offering. However, this offering is subject to market conditions and not within the Company’s control, and therefore, implementation of management’s plans cannot be deemed probable. As a result, management has concluded these plans do not alleviate substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.
7

CHARAH SOLUTIONS, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, continued
(in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts or the amounts and classification of liabilities that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.
Discontinued Operations
On November 19, 2020, the Company sold its Allied Power Holdings LLC (“Allied”) subsidiary engaged in maintenance, modification and repair services to the nuclear and fossil power generation industry to an affiliate of Bernhard Capital Partners Management, LP (“BCP”), the Company’s majority shareholder, in an all-cash deal for $40,000 (the “Allied Transaction”), subject to adjustments for working capital and certain other adjustments as set forth in the purchase agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”).
Discontinued operations comprise those activities that were disposed of during 2020 and represent a separate major line of business that can be clearly distinguished for operational and financial reporting purposes. Accordingly, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations and the notes to condensed consolidated financial statements reflect the Allied results as discontinued operations for all 2020 periods presented. Unless otherwise specified, disclosures in these condensed consolidated financial statements reflect continuing operations only. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2021 include both continuing and discontinued operations. Refer to Note 4, Discontinued Operations, for further information on the discontinued operations relating to the Allied Transaction.
Segment Information
The Company had 2 reporting units, 2 operating segments and 2 reportable segments in 2019 and in 2020 through the date of the Allied Transaction, Environmental Solutions (“ES”) and Maintenance and Technical Services (“M&TS”). The Company determined that it had 2 reporting units because of the way the reporting units were managed.
After the Allied Transaction, the Company realigned our segment reporting into a single operating segment to reflect the suite of end-to-end services we offer our utility partners and how our Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”) reviews consolidated financial information to evaluate results of operations, assess performance and allocate resources. Due to the nature of the Company’s business, the Company's Chief Executive Officer, who is also the CODM, evaluates the performance of the Company and allocates resources of the Company based on consolidated gross profit, general and administrative expenses, balance sheet, liquidity, capital spending, safety statistics and business development reports for the Company as a whole. Since the Company has a single operating segment, all required financial segment information can be found in the consolidated financial statements. The prior period results in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations were reclassified to conform to this presentation.
We provide the following services through our 1 segment: remediation and compliance services, byproduct sales, fossil services and ERT services. Remediation and compliance services are associated with our customers’ need for multi-year environmental improvement and sustainability initiatives, whether driven by regulatory requirements, power generation customer initiatives or consumer expectations and standards. Byproduct sales support both our power generation customers’ desire to recycle their recurring and legacy volumes of coal combustion residuals (“CCRs”), commonly known as coal ash, and our ultimate end customers’ need for high-quality, cost-effective raw material substitutes. Fossil services consist of recurring and mission-critical coal ash management and operations for coal-fired power generation facilities. ERT services represent an innovative solution designed to meet the evolving and increasingly complex needs of utility customers. These customers need to retire and decommission older or underutilized assets while maximizing the asset's value and improving the environment. Our ERT services manage the sites' environmental remediation requirements, which benefits the communities and lowers the utility customers' cost.
Seasonality of Business
Based on historical trends, we expect our operating results to vary seasonally. Variations in normal weather patterns can cause changes in energy consumption which may influence the demand and timing of associated services for our fossil services offerings. Inclement weather can impact construction-related activities associated with pond and landfill remediation, which affects the timing of revenue generation for our remediation and compliance services. Inclement weather can also impact decommissioning and demolition, land redevelopment and scrap sales activities, which affects the timing of income generation for our ERT services. Our byproduct sales are also negatively affected during winter months when the use of cement and cement products is generally lower.
Business Combinations
On March 30, 2018, Charah Management completed a transaction with SCB Materials International, Inc. and affiliated entities (“SCB”), a previously unrelated third party, pursuant to which Charah Solutions acquired certain assets and liabilities of SCB for a purchase price of $35,000, with $20,000 paid at closing and $15,000 to be paid over time in conjunction with certain performance metrics. The contract also contained various mechanisms for a working capital true-up. The acquisition was accounted for under the acquisition method of accounting in accordance with ASC Topic 805, Business Combinations with the allocation of the purchase price for the acquisition finalized as of March 31, 2019. The recognized goodwill from the transaction was allocated to the Environmental Solutions segment. In November 2018, the $15,000 contingent consideration to be paid over time was reduced by $3,300. During the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company evaluated the recoverability of certain grinding technology assets. As part of that review, we assessed the likelihood of paying the contingent liability based on achieving certain performance sales levels using these technology assets. In the fourth quarter of 2020, the Company concluded that certain sales levels would not be achieved, and we reduced the corresponding liability by $9,702, which was
8

CHARAH SOLUTIONS, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, continued
(in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
recognized as a component of operating income in the consolidated statements of operations. As of June 30, 2021, we expect the remaining liability balance of $1,950 to be paid in 2022 and beyond. The fair value of the contingent consideration was estimated using unobservable inputs of future cash flows, which we consider to be Level 3 measurements.
2. Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic
In March 2020, the World Health Organization categorized the disease caused by a novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) as a pandemic, and the President of the United States declared the COVID-19 pandemic to be a national emergency. The Company is a mission-critical contractor to the power generation industry, which has been identified as part of the Department of Homeland Security’s Critical Infrastructure Sector.
On March 27, 2020, the U.S. government enacted the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”), which includes modifications to the limitation on business interest expense and net operating loss carryforward provisions and provided a payment delay of certain employer payroll taxes during 2020. The Company deferred $1,637 of employer payroll taxes otherwise due in 2020, with 50% due by December 31, 2021 and the remaining 50% due by December 31, 2022.
3. Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-06, Debt – Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging – Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815 – 40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity. This ASU simplifies the guidance on accounting for convertible debt instruments by removing the separation models for convertible debt with a cash conversion feature and convertible debt with a beneficial conversion feature. As a result, after adopting the ASU’s guidance, entities will not separately present in equity an embedded conversion feature in such debt. Instead, they will account for a convertible debt instrument wholly as debt and convertible preferred stock wholly as preferred stock unless certain other conditions are met. Also, the ASU requires the application of the if-converted method for calculating diluted earnings per share, and the treasury stock method will no longer be available. The Company early adopted ASU No. 2020-06, as permitted by the standard, as of January 1, 2021 with no significant impact on its consolidated financial statements.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), requiring all leases to be recognized on the balance sheet as a right-of-use asset and a lease liability, unless the lease is a short term lease (generally a lease with a term of 12 months or less). At the commencement date of the lease, the Company will recognize: (i) a lease liability for the Company’s obligation to make payments under the lease agreement, measured on a discounted basis; and (ii) a right-of-use asset that represents the Company’s right to use, or control the use of, the specified asset for the lease term. This ASU originally required recognition and measurement of leases at the beginning of the earliest period presented using a modified retrospective transition method. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-11, which provided an additional (and optional) transition method that permits application of this ASU at the adoption date with recognition of a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption. In June 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-05 and delayed the effective date of this ASU, extending the effective date for non-public business entities, and making the ASU effective for the Company for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2022, and interim periods within the fiscal year ending December 31, 2023, with early adoption permitted. The Company has not yet selected a transition method and is currently evaluating the effect that the adoption of this ASU will have on its consolidated financial statements.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326) - Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which introduces a new model for recognizing credit losses on financial instruments based on an estimate of current expected credit losses. The new model will apply to: (1) loans, accounts receivable, trade receivables, and other financial assets measured at amortized cost, (2) loan commitments and certain other off-balance sheet credit exposures, (3) debt securities and other financial assets measured at fair value through other comprehensive income, and (4) beneficial interests in securitized financial assets. The amendments contained in this ASU will be applied through a modified retrospective approach through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the first reporting period in which the guidance is adopted. In November 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-19, which amended the effective date of ASU No. 2016-13 and clarified that receivables arising from operating leases are not within the scope of Subtopic 326-20. In October 2019, the FASB delayed the effective date of this ASU, extending the effective date for non-public business entities and making the ASU effective for the Company for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2023, and interim periods therein, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the effect that the adoption of this ASU will have on its consolidated financial statements.
In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848) Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting. The ASU provides optional expedients and exceptions for applying GAAP to contract modifications and hedging relationships, subject to meeting certain criteria, that reference LIBOR or another rate that is expected to be discontinued. In January 2021, the FASB issued ASU No. 2021-01, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848). This ASU provides supplemental guidance and clarification to ASU No. 2020-04, and these updates must be adopted concurrently, cumulatively referred to as “Topic 848.” The amendments in Topic 848 are currently effective for all entities, and upon adoption, may be applied prospectively to contract modifications made on or before December 31, 2022. The Company is still assessing the impact of Topic 848 on its consolidated financial statements.
9

CHARAH SOLUTIONS, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, continued
(in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
4. Discontinued Operations
On November 19, 2020, the Company completed the Allied Transaction through an all-cash deal for $40,000, subject to adjustments for working capital and certain other adjustments as set forth in the Purchase Agreement, which are described below. The Allied Transaction was approved by a special committee of the Company’s board of directors consisting solely of independent directors, which obtained a fairness opinion in connection with the Allied Transaction. The Allied Transaction has been treated as a sale to an entity under common control, with $25,506 recognized as a contribution to equity during 2020.
The parties made customary representations and warranties and have agreed to customary covenants in the Purchase Agreement. The Company entered into a non-competition and non-solicitation arrangement under the Purchase Agreement with the Purchaser, subject to customary exceptions. In addition, the parties also entered into a Transition Services Agreement pursuant to which the Company provided Allied and the Purchaser with certain transition assistance services from the date of the Allied Transaction until April 30, 2021 in exchange for payment. The Transition Services Agreement was subsequently amended and extended with certain transition assistance services to be provided until August 30, 2021. The Company recognized $17 and $60 resulting from the Transition Services Agreement as a credit within cost of sales in our accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively. The Company had receivables outstanding from Allied of $5 and $120 at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. In accordance with applicable accounting guidance for the disposal of long-lived assets, the results of the Allied Transaction are presented as discontinued operations and, as such, have been excluded from continuing operations for all periods presented.
The Company received cash proceeds of $37,860, which was net of transaction costs of $1,900 and Allied restricted cash of $240. The Company retained Allied liabilities of $3,500, recorded a $301 increase to paid-in-capital for the income tax impact related to the Allied Transaction and recognized accruals of $6,954 for working capital adjustments and $413 for other acquisition-related charges in accrued expenses in our Consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2020, to be paid in 2021. The Company paid the working capital settlement of $6,954 to the Purchaser as well as $3,500 of retained Allied liabilities and $413 of acquisition-related charges during the six months ended June 30, 2021.
The following amounts related to discontinued operation were derived from historical financial information and have been segregated from continuing operations and reported as discontinued operations in our accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations:
 Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
 June 30, 2020June 30, 2020
Revenue$80,841 $194,195 
Cost of sales(75,313)(182,765)
Gross profit5,528 11,430 
General and administrative expenses(980)(3,068)
Operating income4,548 8,362 
Interest expense, net(a)
(771)(1,542)
Income from discontinued operations before income taxes3,777 6,820 
Income tax expense
Income from discontinued operations$3,777 $6,820 
(a) Interest expense was allocated to discontinued operations due to the requirement in Amendment No. 4 to Credit Agreement that cash generated from the Allied Transaction was used to reduce our debt balances.
The following table provides supplemental cash, cash equivalent and restricted cash information related to discontinued operations:
 As of
 June 30, 2020
Cash and cash equivalents:
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash - continuing operations$44,319 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash - discontinued operations308 
Total cash and cash equivalents$44,627 

10

CHARAH SOLUTIONS, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, continued
(in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
The depreciation and amortization, capital expenditures and significant operating noncash items of Allied were as follows:
 Six Months Ended
 June 30, 2020
Cash flows from discontinued operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization$409 
Loss on disposal of property and equipment22 
Non-cash shared-based compensation214 
Cash flows from discontinued investing activities:
Purchase of property and equipment$79 
5. Asset Acquisition
As part of our ERT service offerings, in February 2021, the Company, through its wholly-owned special purpose vehicle subsidiary Gibbons Creek Environmental Redevelopment Group (“GCERG”), closed on an Asset Purchase Agreement (the “APA” or the “Agreement”) with Texas Municipal Power Agency to acquire, remediate and redevelop the Gibbons Creek Steam Electric Station and Reservoir (the “Gibbons Creek Transaction”). As part of this Agreement, GCERG took ownership of the 6,166 acre area (collectively, the “Purchased Assets”), which includes the closed power station and adjacent property, the 3,500 acre reservoir, dam and floodway. GCERG assumed all environmental responsibilities and became responsible for the decommissioning of the coal power plant as well as performing all environmental remediation work for the site landfills and ash ponds. At closing of the APA, GCERG became liable for and expressly fully assumed any and all environmental liabilities and environmental compliance, as well as, without limitation, any remediation, investigation, management, mitigation, closure, maintenance, reporting, removal, disposal of and any other actions with respect to any hazardous substances at, on, in, under, or emanating from the Purchased Assets.
GCERG, at its discretion, plans to redevelop the property in an environmentally conscious manner that will expand economic activity and benefit the surrounding communities as well as restore the property to a state that will enable it to be put to its best potential use. The existing power plant is being demolished, and GCERG is working with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality to complete all environmental remediation required for the property and then plans to redevelop the remediated property within all zoning restrictions. The redevelopment of the property is expected to be completed within 34 months from the date of acquisition.
The Gibbons Creek Transaction was accounted for as an asset acquisition in accordance with ASC 805, Business Combinations, with the assumed liabilities net of cash received or owed to us by the seller comprising the purchase price. Since the fair value of the net assets acquired exceeded the cost, the Company allocated the difference pro rata on the basis of relative fair values to reduce land, property and equipment, and intangible assets acquired.
The assets acquired and liabilities assumed as recognized within the Company's condensed consolidated balance sheet upon closing on the APA consisted of the following:
Consideration and direct transaction costs:
Asset retirement obligations$(50,590)
Bond and insurance accrued expenses, net(2,229)
Direct transaction costs(2,336)
Total consideration and transaction costs incurred$(55,155)
Asset Received:
Cash$6,354 
Restricted cash28,546 
Water rights5,196 
Land14,385 
Plant, machinery and equipment610 
Vehicles64 
Total allocated value of assets acquired$55,155 
The Company has identified asset retirement obligations within the assumed liabilities to be initially measured and valued in accordance with ASC 410, Asset Retirement and Environmental Obligations. We developed our estimates of these obligations using input from our operations personnel. Our estimates are based on our interpretation of current requirements and proposed regulatory changes and are intended to approximate fair value. Absent quoted market prices, the estimate of fair value is based on the best available information, including the results of present value techniques. We use professional engineering judgment and estimated prices paid for similar work to
11

CHARAH SOLUTIONS, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, continued
(in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
determine the fair value of these obligations. We are required to recognize these obligations at market prices whether we plan to contract with third parties or perform the work ourselves.
Once we determined the estimated closure and post-closure costs for each asset retirement obligation, we inflation-adjusted those costs to the expected time of payment and discounted those expected future costs back to present value using an inflation rate of 3.0%. We discounted these costs to present value using the credit-adjusted, risk-free rate effective at the time the obligation was incurred, consistent with the expected cash flow approach. Any changes in expectations that result in an upward revision to the estimated cash flows are treated as a new liability and discounted at the current rate, while downward revisions are discounted at the historical weighted average rate of the recorded obligation. The credit-adjusted, risk-free discount rate used to calculate the present value of an obligation is specific to each individual asset retirement obligation. The weighted average rate applicable to our long-term asset retirement obligations related to the Gibbons Creek Transaction was approximately 4.5% at the acquisition date.
Because these obligations are measured at estimated fair value using present value techniques, changes in the estimated cost or timing of future final capping, closure, and post-closure activities could result in a material change in these liabilities, related assets, and results of operations. We assess the appropriateness of the estimates used to develop our recorded balances annually, or more often if conditions warrant. Changes in inflation rates or the estimated costs, timing, or extent of future final closure and post-closure activities typically result in a current adjustment to the recorded liability and land asset.
Demolition costs will be capitalized as part of the land as incurred as part of preparing the site for sale, since, at the acquisition date, (i) we planned to demolish the existing structure as part of the redevelopment plan for the acquired property, (ii) demolition is expected to occur within a reasonable period of time after acquisition, and (iii) such expected costs will be incurred to make the land saleable to a third party.
As part of the acquisition, the Company acquired certain plant, machinery and equipment and vehicles for which management committed to a plan to sell. Property and equipment of $193 that was previously classified as held for sale was sold to third parties as of June 30, 2021.
6. Revenue
We disaggregate our revenue from customers by type of service and by geographic region as we believe it best depicts how the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of our revenue and cash flows are affected by economic factors. See details in the tables below.
 Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
June 30,June 30,
 2021202020212020
Byproduct sales$19,444 $21,400 $34,542 $43,161 
Construction contracts31,713 15,347 51,652 30,194 
Services12,361 15,557 29,431 30,226 
Total revenue$63,518 $52,304 $115,625 $103,581 
 Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
June 30,June 30,
 2021202020212020
United States$63,518 $52,093 $115,625 $102,735 
Foreign211 846 
Total revenue$63,518 $52,304 $115,625 $103,581 
As of June 30, 2021, the Company had remaining performance obligations with an aggregate transaction price of $493,205 on construction contracts for which we recognize revenue over time. We expect to recognize approximately 16% of our remaining performance obligations as revenue during the remainder of 2021, 12% in 2022, 10% in 2023, and 62% thereafter. Revenue associated with our remaining performance obligations includes performance obligations related to our construction contracts. The balance of remaining performance obligations does not include variable consideration that was determined to be constrained as of June 30, 2021. As of June 30, 2021, there were no unapproved change orders associated with project scope changes included in determining the profit or loss on certain construction contracts.

12

CHARAH SOLUTIONS, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, continued
(in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
7. Balance Sheet Items
Allowance for doubtful accounts
The following table presents the changes in the allowance for doubtful accounts:
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
June 30,June 30,
2021202020212020
Balance, beginning of period$558 $254 $467 $146 
Add: provision46 139 119 
Less: deduction and other adjustments(46)(5)(48)(16)
Balance, end of period$558 $249 $558 $249 
Property and equipment, net
The following table shows the components of property and equipment, net:
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Plant, machinery and equipment$66,735 $68,308 
Structural fill site improvements55,760 55,760 
Vehicles12,791 12,824 
Office equipment600 582 
Buildings and leasehold improvements267 262 
Land, land improvements and structural fill sites15,076 432 
Capital lease assets13,764 6,627 
Construction in progress1,549 1,961 
Total property and equipment$166,542 $146,756 
Less: accumulated depreciation(103,702)(97,286)
Property and equipment, net$62,840 $49,470 
Land, land improvements and structural fill sites includes $5,158 of real property acquired in the Gibbons Creek Transaction that the Company is actively demolishing and for which depreciation expense is not being recorded. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company capitalized $882 and $1,030, respectively, of demolition costs and sold scrap with a cost basis of $339.
Depreciation expense was $4,195 and $4,481 for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $8,368 and $8,712 for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Capital leases
The following table shows the components of capital lease assets, net:
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Capital lease assets$13,764 $6,627 
Less: accumulated depreciation(1,524)(368)
Capital lease assets, net$12,240 $6,259 
The Company's depreciation of capital lease assets is included within depreciation expense as disclosed above.
Sales-type lease
In March 2021, the Company amended an existing ground lease with a third party concerning one of the Company's structural fill assets with a 30-year term expiring on December 31, 2050. The lease includes multiple options that may be exercised at any time during the lease term for the lessee to purchase all or a portion of the premises as well as a put option (the “Put Option”) that provides the Company the option to require the lessee to purchase all of the premises at the end of the lease term.
In accordance with ASC 840, Leases, the Company considered whether this lease, as amended, met any of the following four criteria as part of classifying the lease at the amendment date: (a) the lease transfers ownership of the property to the lessee by the end of the lease term; (b) the lease contains a bargain purchase option; (c) the lease term is equal to 75 percent or more of the estimated economic life of the lease property; and (d) the present value of the minimum lease payments, excluding executory costs, equals or exceeds 90 percent of the excess of the fair value of the lease property to the lessor at lease inception. This lease was recorded as a sales-type capital lease due to the Put Option provision contained within the lease agreement that represents a transfer of ownership of the property by the end of the lease term.
13

CHARAH SOLUTIONS, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, continued
(in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
Additionally, the Company determined that collectability of the lease payments was reasonably assured and that there were not any significant uncertainties related to costs that it has yet to incur with respect to the lease.
At the amendment date of the lease, a discount rate of 3.9% implicit in the sales-type lease was used to calculate the present value of the minimum lease payments, which the Company recorded as a lease receivable. The Company recognized a gain of $5,568 within operating income in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations.
The following table reflects the classification of the lease receivable within our accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet:
June 30, 2021
Lease receivable$5,969 
Less: current portion in prepaid expenses and other current assets(64)
Non-current portion in other assets$5,905 
Asset sale agreement
In June 2021, the Company consummated an asset sale with an unrelated third party in which the Company assigned a lease agreement to the purchaser and sold certain grinding-related inventory and fixed assets for an aggregate sale price of $2,852. The Company received $1,250 in cash at closing with the remaining portion to be paid over time on specified dates, with the final payment to be received 36 months from the closing date.
The Company determined that the note receivable included a significant financing component. As a result, the sale price and gain on sale were determined on a discounted cash flow basis. The Company recognized a gain of $1,187 within gains on sales of fixed assets in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations.
The following table reflects the classification of the note receivable within our accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet:
June 30, 2021
Note receivable$1,602 
Less: current portion in prepaid expenses and other current assets(500)
Non-current portion in other assets$1,102 
Accrued liabilities
The following table shows the components of accrued liabilities:
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Accrued expenses$15,162 $19,323 
Accrued working capital adjustment for the Allied Transaction6,954 
Accrued payroll and bonuses2,588 7,227 
Accrued preferred stock dividends2,148 1,356 
Accrued interest87 77 
Accrued liabilities$19,985 $34,937 
Asset Retirement Obligations
The Company owns 1 structural fill site with continuing maintenance and monitoring requirements after its closure and 4 tracts of real property with decommissioning, remediation and monitoring requirements. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company has accrued $52,361 and $5,159, respectively, for these asset retirement obligations.
The following table reflects the activity for the asset retirement obligations:
14

CHARAH SOLUTIONS, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, continued
(in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
June 30,June 30,
2021202020212020
Balance, beginning of period54,112 $12,987 $5,159 $15,131 
Liabilities acquired (See Note 5)50,590 
Liabilities settled(2,305)(2,201)(4,175)(4,533)
Accretion554 162 787 350 
Balance, end of period52,361 10,948 52,361 10,948 
Less: current portion(21,395)(5,845)(21,395)(5,845)
Non-current portion30,966 $5,103 $30,966 $5,103 
8. Equity Method Investment
Charah has an investment in a company that provides ash management and remarketing services to the electric utility industry. Charah accounts for its investment under the equity method of accounting because Charah has significant influence over the financial and operating policies of the company. Charah had a payable to the equity method investment of $2 at June 30, 2021 and a receivable due from the equity method investment of $182 at December 31, 2020. In December 2020, the Company informed our joint venture partner of our decision to exit the joint venture due to unfavorable economic conditions associated with a new contract that would adversely impact the future earnings capacity of our investment. In 2021, the joint venture sold its property and equipment at an amount exceeding carrying value and continues to settle its remaining current assets and liabilities through the normal course of business.
Summarized balance sheet information of our equity method investment entity is as follows: 
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Current assets$14 $1,812 
Noncurrent assets282 
Total assets$14 $2,094 
Current liabilities432 
Equity of Charah831 
Equity of joint venture partner831 
Total liabilities and members’ equity$14 $2,094 

Summarized financial performance of our equity method investment entity is as follows: 
 Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
June 30,June 30,
 2021202020212020
Revenue$$1,546 $555 $3,024 
Net (loss) income(22)651 382 1,243 
Charah Solutions’ share of net (loss) income(11)326 191 622 
The following table reflects our proportional ownership activity in our investment account: 
 Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
June 30,June 30,
 2021202020212020
Opening balance$40 $4,781 $831 $5,078 
Distributions(22)(256)(1,015)(849)
Share of net (loss) income(11)326 191 622 
Closing balance$$4,851 $$4,851 

15

CHARAH SOLUTIONS, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, continued
(in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
9. Related Party Transactions
ATC Group Services LLC (“ATC”), an entity owned by BCP, our majority stockholder, provided environmental consulting and engineering services at certain service sites. Expenses to ATC were $25 and $64 for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $79 and $94 for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The Company had 0 receivables outstanding from ATC at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020. The Company had payables and accrued expenses, net of credit memos, due to ATC of $5 and $29 at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.
As further discussed in Note 4, Discontinued Operations, in November 2020, the Company sold its Allied subsidiary to an affiliate of BCP.
As further discussed in Note 13, Mezzanine Equity, in March 2020, the Company entered into an agreement with an investment fund affiliated with BCP to sell 26,000 shares of Preferred Stock.
10. Goodwill and Intangible Assets
Goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets are not amortized but instead are tested for impairment annually or more often if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the fair value of the asset may have decreased below its carrying value. We perform our impairment test effective October 1st of each year and evaluate for impairment indicators between annual impairment tests, of which there were none. There was no goodwill activity during the six months ended June 30, 2021.
Indefinite-Lived and Definite-Lived Intangible Assets
Our intangible assets, net include a trade name and water rights that are considered to have indefinite lives. As further discussed in Note 5, Asset Acquisition, in February 2021, the Company acquired an indefinite-lived intangible asset for water rights through the Gibbons Creek Transaction.
Our intangible assets, net include customer relationships that are considered to have a definite life. Our customer relationships are amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives of 10 years. The amortization expense of our definite-lived intangible assets was $1,973 and $2,057 for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively and $3,947 and $4,152 for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
The Company’s intangible assets consist of the following:
 June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
 Gross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet Carrying AmountGross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet Carrying Amount
Definite-lived intangibles
Customer relationships$78,942 $(34,779)$44,163 $78,942 $(30,832)$48,110 
Indefinite-lived intangibles
Charah trade name13,316 13,316 
Water rights5,196 
Total18,512 13,316 
Total$62,675 $61,426 
11. Credit Agreement
On September 21, 2018, we entered into a credit agreement (the “Credit Facility”) by and among us, the lenders party thereto from time to time and Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent (the “Administrative Agent”). The Credit Facility includes:
A revolving loan not to exceed $50,000 (the “Revolving Loan”);
A term loan of $205,000 (the “Closing Date Term Loan”); and
A commitment to loan up to a further $25,000 in term loans, which expired in March 2020 (the “Delayed Draw Commitment” and the term loans funded under such Delayed Draw Commitment, the “Delayed Draw Term Loan,” together with the Closing Date Term Loan, the “Term Loan”).
After the Fourth Amendment, all amounts associated with the Revolving Loan and the Term Loan under the Credit Facility will mature in July 2022, as discussed more fully below. The interest rates per annum applicable to the loans under the Credit Facility are based on a fluctuating rate of interest measured by reference to, at our election, either (i) the Eurodollar rate, currently the London Inter-bank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”), or (ii) an alternative base rate. Various margins are added to the interest rate based upon our consolidated net leverage ratio (as defined in the Credit Facility). Customary fees are payable regarding the Credit Facility and include (i) commitment fees for the unused
16

CHARAH SOLUTIONS, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, continued
(in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
portions of the Credit Facility and (ii) fees on outstanding letters of credit. Amounts borrowed under the Credit Facility are secured by substantially all of the assets of the Company.
The Credit Facility contains various customary representations and warranties and restrictive covenants that, among other things and subject to specified exceptions, restrict the ability of us and our restricted subsidiaries to grant liens, incur indebtedness (including guarantees), make investments, engage in mergers and acquisitions, make dispositions of assets, make restricted payments or change the nature of our or our subsidiaries’ business. The Credit Facility contains financial covenants related to the consolidated net leverage ratio and the fixed charge coverage ratio (as defined in the Credit Facility) that have been modified as described below.
The Credit Facility also contains certain affirmative covenants, including reporting requirements, such as delivering financial statements, certificates and notices of certain events, maintaining insurance and providing additional guarantees and collateral in certain circumstances.
The Credit Facility includes customary events of default, including non-payment of principal, interest or fees as they come due, violation of covenants, inaccuracy of representations or warranties, cross-default to certain other material indebtedness, bankruptcy and insolvency events, invalidity or impairment of guarantees or security interests, material judgments and change of control.
The Revolving Loan provides a principal amount of up to $50,000, reduced by outstanding letters of credit. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, $12,781 and $12,003, respectively, was outstanding on the Revolving Loan and $17,459 and $11,079, respectively, of letters of credit were outstanding.
But for Amendment No. 2 to Credit Agreement and Waiver (the “Second Amendment”), as of June 30, 2019, we would not have complied with the requirement to maintain a consolidated net leverage ratio of 3.75 to 1.00 under the Credit Facility. On August 13, 2019, we entered into the Second Amendment, under which, among other things, the required lenders agreed to waive such non-compliance.
Also, according to the terms of the Second Amendment, the Credit Facility was amended to revise the required financial covenant ratios, which have been modified as described below. As consideration for these accommodations, we agreed that amounts borrowed under the Delayed Draw Commitment would not exceed $15,000 at any one time outstanding (without reducing the overall Delayed Draw Commitment amount). Further, the margin of interest charged on all outstanding loans was increased to 4.00% for loans based on LIBOR and 3.00% for loans based on the alternative base rate. The Second Amendment revised the amount of (i) the commitment fees to 0.35% at all times for the unused portions of the Credit Facility and (ii) fees on outstanding letters of credit to 3.35% at all times. The Second Amendment also added a requirement to make 2 additional scheduled prepayments of outstanding loans under the Credit Facility, including a payment of $50,000 on or before September 13, 2019, and an additional payment of $40,000 on or before March 31, 2020. The $50,000 payment was made before September 13, 2019, using proceeds of the Brickhaven deemed termination payment. The Second Amendment required the Company to pay the Administrative Agent an amendment fee in an amount equal to 1.00% of the total credit exposure under the Credit Facility immediately before the effectiveness of the Second Amendment, and this fee was paid on August 16, 2020.
The Second Amendment also included revisions to the restrictive covenants, including removing certain exceptions to the restrictions on our ability to make acquisitions, investments and dividends or other distributions. After giving effect to the Second Amendment, we will not be permitted to make any distributions or dividends to our stockholders without the required lenders’ consent.
In March 2020, the Company entered into Amendment No. 3 to Credit Agreement (the “Third Amendment”).
Under the terms of the Third Amendment, the Credit Facility was amended to waive the mandatory $40,000 prepayment due on or before March 31, 2020, and to revise the required financial covenant ratios such that, after giving effect to the Third Amendment, we were not required to comply with any financial covenants through December 30, 2020. After December 30, 2020, we were required to comply with a maximum consolidated net leverage ratio of 6.50 to 1.00 from December 31, 2020 through June 29, 2021, decreasing to 6.00 to 1.00 from June 30, 2021 through December 30, 2021, and to 3.50 to 1.00 as of December 31, 2021 and thereafter. After giving effect to the Third Amendment, we were also required to comply with a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.00 to 1.00 as of December 31, 2020, increasing to 1.20 to 1.00 as of March 31, 2021 and thereafter. In the event that we were unable to comply in the future with such financial covenants upon delivery of our financial statements under the terms of the Credit Facility, an Event of Default (as defined in the Credit Facility) will have occurred, and the Administrative Agent can then, following a specified cure period, declare the unpaid principal amount of all outstanding loans, all interest accrued and unpaid thereon, and all other amounts payable to be immediately due and payable by the Company.
The Third Amendment increased the maximum amount available to be borrowed under the Delayed Draw Commitment from $15,000 to $25,000, subject to certain quarterly amortization payments. The Third Amendment also included revisions to the restrictive covenants, including increasing the amount of indebtedness that the Company may incur regarding certain capitalized leases from $50,000 to $75,000.
Under the Third Amendment, the Company agreed to make monthly amortization payments in respect of term loans beginning in April 2020 and move the maturity date for all loans under the Credit Facility to July 31, 2022 (the “Maturity Date”). Also, if at any time after August 13, 2019, the outstanding principal amount of the Delayed Draw Term Loans exceeds $10,000, we will incur additional interest at a rate equal to 10.0% per annum on all daily average amounts exceeding $10,000 payable at March 31, 2020 and at the Maturity Date. Further, the Third Amendment requires mandatory prepayments of revolving loans with any cash held by the Company over $10,000, which excludes the amount of proceeds received in respect of the Preferred Stock Offering (as defined below) to the extent such funds are used for liquidity
17

CHARAH SOLUTIONS, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, continued
(in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
and general corporate purposes. The Company also agreed to an increase of four percent (4%) to the interest rate applicable to the Closing Date Term Loan compounded monthly and paid in kind by adding such portion to the outstanding principal amount.
As a condition to entering into the Second Amendment, we were required to pay the Administrative Agent an amendment fee (the “Second Amendment Fee”) in an amount equal to 1.50% of the total credit exposure under the Credit Facility immediately before the effectiveness of the Second Amendment. Of the Second Amendment Fee, 0.50% was due and paid on October 15, 2019, and 1.00% of such Second Amendment Fee was paid on August 16, 2020. We were also required to pay the Administrative Agent an amendment fee associated with the Third Amendment (the “Third Amendment Fee”) in an amount equal to 0.20% of the total credit exposure under the Credit Facility, immediately before the effectiveness of the Third Amendment, with such Third Amendment Fee paid on June 30, 2020. Finally, the third amendment also required payment of an additional fee with respect to the Third Amendment in the amount of $2,000, with such fee being due and payable on the Maturity Date.
In November 2020, the Company entered into Amendment No. 4 to Credit Agreement (the “Fourth Amendment”).
Under the terms of the Fourth Amendment, the Credit Facility was amended to revise the required financial covenant ratios such that, after giving effect to the Fourth Amendment, for the periods ending December 31, 2020 through March 30, 2021, we were required to comply with a maximum consolidated leverage ratio of 5.50 to 1.00, decreasing to 4.80 to 1.00 for the periods ended March 31, 2021 through September 29, 2021, to 4.50 to 1.00 for the periods ending September 30, 2021 through December 30, 2021, and to 3.50 to 1.00 as of December 31, 2021 and thereafter. After giving effect to the Fourth Amendment, we were also required to comply with a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.00 to 1.00 as of March 31, 2021, increasing to 1.20 to 1.00 as of June 30, 2021 and thereafter.
In August 2021, the Company entered into Amendment No. 5 to Credit Agreement and Waiver (the “Fifth Amendment”). But for this amendment, as of June 30, 2021, we would not have been in compliance with the requirement to maintain a consolidated net leverage ratio of 4.80 to 1.00 or a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.20 to 1.00. Under the terms of the Fifth Amendment, the required lenders agreed to waive such non-compliance. In addition, the Credit Facility was amended to revise the financial covenant ratios such that, after giving effect to the Fifth Amendment, we will be required to comply with a maximum consolidated net leverage ratio of 5.50 to 1.00 and a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.10 to 1.00 as of September 30, 2021. As consideration for these accommodations, upon execution of the Fifth Amendment, the Company was required to make an additional scheduled prepayment of $5,000 of outstanding loans under the Credit Facility and accelerate payment of the previously accrued $2,000 fee required as consideration for the Third Amendment that was otherwise due and payable on the Maturity Date.
Our ability to comply with such financial covenants depends on the Company’s forecasted leverage and adjusted EBITDA for the applicable periods, which could be adversely impacted by unforeseen factors. Our financial forecasts, which we believe are reasonable given current market conditions, indicate that the Company will be in compliance with all financial covenants through the Maturity Date. Those financial forecasts are highly dependent upon the demand for our byproduct sales, timing in new contract awards and completion of existing work. The current pandemic is making it more difficult to forecast future results, and as a result, it may have a significant impact on the Company’s results of operations, financial position, liquidity or capital resources. These significant risks may also have an adverse impact and cause us not to comply with our financial covenants. If we are not in compliance with our financial covenants, the Company could be required to seek waivers, forbearance or amendments from the Administrative Agent. There can be no assurance that we could obtain such waivers, forbearance, or amendments as any future agreements with the Administrative Agent are not considered in the Company’s control. If we are unable to comply in the future with such financial covenants upon delivery of our financial statements according to the terms of the Credit Facility, an Event of Default (as defined in the Credit Facility) will have occurred. The Administrative Agent can then, following a specified cure period, declare the unpaid principal amount of all outstanding loans, all interest accrued and unpaid thereon, and all other amounts payable to be immediately due and payable by the Company.
In accordance with ASC 470, Debt, the Company calculated the present value of the cash flows for purposes of applying the 10% cash flow test for the Third Amendment and concluded that the original and new debt instruments were substantially different, necessitating that the Third Amendment be accounted for as an extinguishment. The Company capitalized third-party fees of $1,623 that will be amortized prospectively through interest expense, net in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations using the effective interest method through the Maturity Date. Fees payable to the lenders (as discussed above) of $5,162 were associated with the extinguishment of the old debt instrument and included in loss on extinguishment of debt in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations. The Company wrote off unamortized debt issuance costs of $3,441, which is included in loss on extinguishment of debt in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations. The Company also calculated the present value of the cash flows for purposes of applying the 10% cash flow test for the Fourth and Fifth Amendments and concluded that the original and new debt instruments were not substantially different, necessitating that the Fourth and Fifth Amendments be accounted for as modifications.

18

CHARAH SOLUTIONS, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, continued
(in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
12. Notes Payable
The following table summarizes the major components of debt at each balance sheet date and provides maturities and interest rate ranges for each major category as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020: 
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Various equipment notes entered into in November 2017, payable in monthly installments ranging from $6 to $24, including interest at 5.2%, maturing in December 2022 through December 2023. The notes are secured by equipment with a net book value of $1,572 as of June 30, 2021.$2,317 $2,871 
Various equipment notes entered into in 2018, payable in monthly installments ranging from $1 to $39, including interest ranging from 5.6% to 6.8%, maturing in March 2023 through May 2025. The notes are secured by equipment with a net book value of $6,733 as of June 30, 2021.7,433 8,446 
Various equipment notes entered into in 2019, payable in monthly installments ranging from $2 to $23, including interest ranging from 3.9% to 6.4%, maturing in April 2024 through December 2024. The notes are secured by equipment with a net book value of $2,596 as of June 30, 2021.3,059 3,490 
Various equipment notes entered into in 2020, payable in monthly installments ranging from $9 to $10, including interest of 5.4%, maturing in August 2025. The notes are secured by equipment with a net book value of $2,001 as of June 30, 2021.1,820 2,011 
Various equipment notes entered into in 2021, payable in monthly installments ranging from $3 to $8, including interest of 5.4%, maturing in February 2026. The notes are secured by equipment with a net book value of $801 as of June 30, 2021.727 
Various commercial insurance premium financing agreements entered into in 2020, payable in monthly installments ranging from $22 to $126, including interest ranging from 3.4% to 3.8%, that matured in February and March 2021.453 
A commercial insurance premium financing agreement entered into in 2021, payable in monthly installments of $24, including interest of 3.9%, maturing in October 2021.96 
A $10,000 equipment line with a bank, entered into in December 2017, secured by all equipment purchased with the proceeds of the loan. Interest is calculated on any outstanding amounts using a fixed rate of 4.5%. The equipment line converted to a term loan in September 2018 with a maturity date of June 22, 2023. The term loan is secured by equipment with a net book value of $3,244 as of June 30, 2021.4,669 5,791 
Pursuant to the terms of the Third and Fifth Amendments, the Closing Date Term Loan and the Delayed Draw Term Loan entered into in September 2018 as part of the Syndicated Credit Facility (see also Note 11), maturing July 2022. The interest rate applicable to the Closing Date Term Loan and the Delayed Draw Term Loan is based on a fluctuating rate of interest measured by reference to, at the Company’s election, either (i) the Eurodollar rate, currently the LIBOR rate, or (ii) an alternative base rate. With respect to the Closing Date Term Loan, principal payments required are $1,280 in July 2021, $6,280 in August 2021, $1,280 monthly from September 2021 through December 2021, and $1,500 monthly thereafter. The term loan is secured by substantially all the assets of the Company and is subject to certain financial covenants.120,007 125,239 
Total140,128 148,301 
Less debt issuance costs, net(693)(1,024)
139,435 147,277 
Less current maturities(28,571)(22,308)
Notes payable due after one year$110,864 $124,969 
13. Mezzanine Equity
As a condition to the Third Amendment in March 2020, the Company entered into an agreement with an investment fund affiliated with BCP to sell 26 (twenty-six thousand) shares of Series A Preferred Stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Preferred Stock”), with an initial aggregate liquidation preference of $26,000, net of a 3% Original Issue Discount (“OID”) of $780 for net proceeds of $25,220 in a private placement (the “Preferred Stock Offering”). Proceeds from the Preferred Stock Offering were used for liquidity and general corporate purposes. In connection with the issuance of the Preferred Stock, the Company incurred direct expenses of $966, including financial advisory fees, closing costs, legal expenses and other offering-related expenses. The Preferred Stock was initially recorded net of OID and direct
19

CHARAH SOLUTIONS, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, continued
(in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
expenses, which will be accreted through paid-in-capital as a deemed dividend from the date of issuance through the first possible known redemption date, March 16, 2023. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had accrued dividends of $966 and $906, respectively, associated with the Preferred Stock, which was recorded at a fair value of $2,148 and $1,356, respectively, using observable information for similar items and is classified as a level 2 fair value measurement.
Dividend Rights The Preferred Stock ranks senior to the Company’s common stock with respect to dividend rights and rights on the distribution of assets in any voluntary or involuntary liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the affairs of the Company. The Preferred Stock had an initial liquidation preference of $1 (one thousand dollars) per share.
The holders of the Preferred Stock are entitled to a cumulative dividend paid in cash at the rate of 10.0% per annum, payable on a quarterly basis. If we do not declare and pay a dividend to the holders of the Preferred Stock, the dividend rate will increase to 13.0% per annum, and the dividends are paid-in-kind by adding such amount to the liquidation preference. The Company’s intention is to pay dividends in-kind for the foreseeable future. The dividend rate will increase to 16.0% per annum upon the occurrence and during the continuance of an event of default. As of June 30, 2021, the liquidation preference of the Preferred Stock was $30,685.
Conversion Features The Preferred Stock is convertible at the option of the holders at any time on and after the three-month anniversary of the date of issuance into shares of common stock at a conversion price of $2.77 per share (the “Conversion Price”), which represents a 30% premium to the 20-day volume-weighted average price ended March 4, 2020. As of June 30, 2021, the maximum number of common shares that could be required to be issued if converted is 11,078 (NaN). The conversion rate is subject to the following customary anti-dilution and other adjustments:
the issuance of common stock as a dividend or the subdivision, combination, or reclassification of common stock into a greater or lesser number of shares of common stock;
the dividend, distribution or other issuance of rights, options or warrants to holders of common stock entitling them to subscribe for or purchase shares of common stock at a price per share that is less than the market value for such issuance;
the issuance of a dividend or similar distribution in-kind, which can include shares of any class of capital stock, evidences of the Company’s indebtedness, assets or other property or securities, to holders of common stock;
a transaction in which a subsidiary of the Company ceases to be a subsidiary of the Company as a result of the distribution of the equity interests of the subsidiary to the holders of the Company’s common stock; and
the payment of a cash dividend to the holders of common stock.
On or after the three-year anniversary of the date of issuance, if the holders have not elected to convert all their shares of Preferred Stock, the Company may give 30 days’ notice to the holders giving the holders the option to choose, in their sole discretion, to have all outstanding shares of Preferred Stock converted into shares of common stock or redeemed in cash at the then applicable Redemption Price (as defined below). The Company may not issue this conversion notice unless (i) the average volume-weighted average price per share of the Company’s common stock during each of the 20 consecutive trading days before the conversion is greater than 120% of the conversion price; (ii) the Company’s common stock is listed on a national securities exchange; (iii) a registration statement for the re-sale of the common stock is then effective; and (iv) the Company is not then in possession of material non-public information as determined by Regulation FD promulgated under the Exchange Act.
The Preferred Stock and the associated dividend payable on March 31, 2020, did not generate a beneficial conversion feature (“BCF”) upon issuance as the fair value of the Company’s common stock was less than the conversion price. If a BCF is recognized, a reduction to paid-in capital and the Preferred Stock will be recorded and subsequently accreted through the first redemption date.
Additionally, the Company determined that the nature of the Preferred Stock was more akin to an equity instrument and that the economic characteristics and risks of the embedded conversion options were clearly and closely related to the Preferred Stock. As such, the conversion options were not required to be bifurcated from the host under ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging.
Redemption Rights If the Company undergoes certain change of control transactions, the Company will be required to immediately make an offer to repurchase all of the then-outstanding shares of Preferred Stock for cash consideration per share equal to the greater of (i) 100% of the Liquidation Preference, plus accrued and unpaid dividends, if any, plus, if applicable for a transaction occurring before the third anniversary of the closing, a make-whole premium determined pursuant to a calculation of the present value of the dividends that would have accrued through such anniversary, discounted at a rate equal to the applicable treasury rate plus 0.50% (the “Make-Whole Premium”); provided that if the transaction occurs before the first anniversary of the closing, the Make-Whole Premium shall be no greater than $4,000 and (ii) the closing sale price of the common stock on the date of such redemption multiplied by the number of shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of the outstanding Preferred Stock.
On or after the three-year anniversary of the issuance of the Preferred Stock, the Company may redeem the Preferred Stock, in whole or in part, for an amount in cash equal to the greater of (i) the closing sale price of the common stock on the date the Company delivers such notice multiplied by the number of shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of the outstanding Preferred Stock and (ii) (x) if the redemption occurs before the fourth anniversary of the date of the closing, 103% of the Liquidation Preference, plus accrued and unpaid dividends, or (y) if the redemption occurs on or after the fourth anniversary of the date of the closing, the Liquidation Preference plus accrued and unpaid dividends (the foregoing clauses (i) or (ii), as applicable, the “Redemption Price”).
20

CHARAH SOLUTIONS, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, continued
(in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
On or after the seven-year anniversary of the date of issuance, the holders have the right, subject to applicable law, to require the Company to redeem the Preferred Stock, in whole or in part, into cash consideration equal to the liquidation preference, plus all accrued and unpaid dividends, from any source of funds legally available for such purpose.
Since the redemption of the Preferred Stock is contingently or optionally redeemable and therefore not certain to occur, the Preferred Stock is not required to be classified as a liability under ASC 480, Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity. As the Preferred Stock is redeemable in certain circumstances at the option of the holder and is redeemable in certain circumstances upon the occurrence of an event that is not solely within our control, we have classified the Preferred Stock in mezzanine equity in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets. 
Liquidation Rights In the event of any liquidation, winding-up or dissolution of the Company, whether voluntary or involuntary, the holders of the Preferred Stock would receive an amount in cash equal to the greater of (i) 100% of the liquidation preference plus a Make-Whole Premium and (ii) the amount such holders would be entitled to receive at such time if the Preferred Stock were converted into Company common stock immediately before the liquidation event. The Make-Whole Premium is removed from the calculation for a liquidation event occurring after the third anniversary of the issuance date.
Voting Rights The holders of the Preferred Stock are entitled to vote with the holders of the common stock on an as-converted basis in addition to voting as a separate class as provided by applicable Delaware law and the Company’s organizational documents. The holders, acting exclusively and as a separate class, shall have the right to appoint either a non-voting observer to the Company’s Board of Directors or one director to the Company’s Board of Directors.
Registration Rights The holders of the Preferred Stock have certain customary registration rights with respect to the shares of common stock into which the Preferred Stock is converted, pursuant to the terms of a registration rights agreement.
14. Interest Rate Swap
To manage interest rate risk in a cost-efficient manner, the Company entered into an interest rate swap in December 2017 whereby the Company agreed to exchange with the counterparty, at specified intervals, the difference between fixed and variable interest amounts calculated by reference to a notional amount. The interest rate swap is not designated for hedge accounting. The interest rate swap is classified within other liabilities in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 and is considered to be level 2 in the fair value hierarchy. The change in fair value of the interest rate swap is immediately recognized in earnings, within interest expense, net.
     As of both June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the notional amount of the interest rate swap was $150,000. A fair value liability of $734 and $935 was recorded within other current liabilities in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. The total amount of gain included in interest expense, net in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations was $81 and $94 for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $201 and $30 for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
15. Contract Assets and Liabilities
The timing of revenue recognition, billings and cash collections results in accounts receivable, contract assets, and contract liabilities on the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Our contract assets are as follows:
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings$10,661 $12,196 
Retainage6,970 6,133 
Total contract assets$17,631 $18,329 
    Our contract liabilities are as follows:
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings$24,068 $6,167 
Deferred revenue2,008 128 
Total contract liabilities$26,076 $6,295 
We recognized revenue of $586 and $6,295 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, that was previously included in contract liabilities at December 31, 2020. The increase in contract liabilities was primarily due to an increase in billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings associated with billings during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 for a specific remediation and compliance project.

21

CHARAH SOLUTIONS, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, continued
(in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
The Company's net position on uncompleted contracts is as follows:
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Costs incurred on uncompleted contracts$165,642 $123,339 
Estimated earnings26,050 18,425 
Total costs and estimated earnings191,692 141,764 
Less billings to date(205,099)(135,735)
Net balance in process$(13,407)$6,029 
The net balance in process classified on the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets is as follows: 
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings$10,661 $12,196 
Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings(24,068)(6,167)
Net balance in process$(13,407)$6,029 
Anticipated losses on long-term contracts are recognized when such losses become evident. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, accruals for anticipated losses on long-term contracts were $81 and $155, respectively.
16. Stock/Unit-Based Compensation
The Company adopted the Charah Solutions, Inc. 2018 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the “2018 Plan”), pursuant to which employees, consultants, and directors of the Company and its affiliates, including named executive officers, are eligible to receive awards. The 2018 Plan provides for the grant of stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units, bonus stock, dividend equivalents, other stock-based awards, substitute awards, annual incentive awards, and performance awards intended to align the interests of participants with those of Company's stockholders. During the six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company amended the 2018 Plan to reserve an additional 2,000 shares of common stock, for a total of 5,007 shares of common stock reserved for issuance under the 2018 Plan.
During the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company granted 498 and 501 restricted stock units (“RSUs”), respectively, under the 2018 Plan that are time-based. Of the RSUs granted during the six months ended June 30, 2021, 3 vested immediately, 90 vest at the end of a one-year period, and 408 vest in equal installments over three years. The fair value of these RSUs is based on the market price of the Company’s shares on the grant date.
During the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company granted 235 performance share units (“PSUs”) under the 2018 Plan that cliff vest after three years. The vesting of these PSUs is dependent upon the following performance goals during the period January 1, 2021 through December 31, 2023 (the “Performance Period”): (i) the relative total stockholder return percentile ranking of the Company as compared to the specified performance peer group and (ii) cumulative revenue. Each performance goal is weighted at 50% in determining the number of PSUs that become earned PSUs. The maximum number of earned PSUs for the Performance Period is 200% of the target number of PSUs. The total compensation cost we will recognize under the PSUs will be determined using the Monte Carlo valuation methodology, which factors in the value of the TSR market condition when determining the grant date fair value of the PSU. Compensation cost for each PSU is recognized during the Performance Period based on the probable achievement of the two performance criteria. The PSUs are converted into shares of our common stock at the time the PSU award value is finalized.
A summary of the Company’s non-vested share activity for the six months ended June 30, 2021 is as follows:
Restricted StockPerformance StockTotal
SharesWeighted-Average Grant Date Fair ValueSharesWeighted-Average Grant Date Fair ValueSharesWeighted-Average Grant Date Fair Value
Balance as of December 31, 2020981 $5.08 453 $4.02 1,434 $4.74 
Granted501 5.41 235 4.74 736 5.20 
Forfeited(62)7.54 (40)4.76 (102)6.45 
Vested(535)5.88 (535)5.88 
Balance as of June 30, 2021885 $4.62 648 $4.24 1,533 $4.46 
22

CHARAH SOLUTIONS, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, continued
(in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
Restricted StockPerformance StockTotal
Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Terms (Years)Aggregate Intrinsic ValueWeighted Average Remaining Contractual Terms (Years)Aggregate Intrinsic ValueWeighted Average Remaining Contractual Terms (Years)Aggregate Intrinsic Value
Balance as of December 31, 20200.79$2,817 1.68$1,299 1.07$4,116 
Balance as of June 30, 20211.38$4,471 1.76$3,270 1.54$7,741 
Stock-based compensation expense related to the restricted stock issued was $501 and $400 during the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively and $758 and $1,015 during the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020. As of June 30, 2021, total unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to non-vested awards of restricted stock, net of estimated forfeitures, was $2,584, and is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.52 years. The total fair value of awards vested for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 was $2,704.
Stock-based compensation expense related to the performance stock issued was $198 and $129 during the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $240 and $239 during the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020. As of June 30, 2021, total unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to non-vested awards of performance stock, net of estimated forfeitures, was $1,337, and is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.15 years.
17. Commitments and Contingencies
We were party to a lawsuit filed against North Carolina by an environmental advocacy group alleging that the issuance by the state of certain permits associated with our Brickhaven clay mine reclamation site exceeded the state’s power. In December 2020, the Company, the environmental advocacy group and the state settled, resolved and dismissed all matters. Before the settlement, all customer-related work at the Brickhaven site had been completed. The settlement allows for all completed work to remain unchanged. Per the settlement, the Company will not place any additional material at the site, will place a deed restriction requiring engineering oversight for the future development of the site and will continue groundwater monitoring at the site. In April 2021, the state approved the Company’s application to modify its permit to conform to the work as completed. The Company will continue its work with the state to complete the remaining site closure operations.
Allied Power Services, LLC and its affiliate, Allied Power Resources, LLC, were named in a collective action lawsuit filed in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois, alleging violations of the Fair Labor Standards Act. This lawsuit included related class claims alleging violations of the Illinois Minimum Wage Law and the Pennsylvania Minimum Wage Act for failure to pay overtime. This case was one of a series filed against companies in the oil, gas and energy industries in Illinois and Texas. The parties mediated this case in November 2018 and reached a settlement. As part of the Allied Transaction, the Company assumed the remaining settlement liability. On July 15, 2020, the court granted final approval of the settlement, and the final settlement payment was made in April 2021.
In addition to the above matters, we are from time to time party to various lawsuits, claims and other legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of our business. With respect to all such lawsuits, claims and proceedings, we record reserves when it is probable a liability has been incurred, and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated. Although it is difficult to predict the ultimate outcome of these lawsuits, claims and proceedings, we do not believe that the ultimate disposition of any of these matters, individually or in the aggregate, would have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position or cash flows. We maintain liability insurance for certain risks that is subject to certain self-insurance limits.
We believe amounts previously recorded are sufficient to cover any liabilities arising from the proceedings with all outstanding legal claims. Except as reflected in such accruals, we are currently unable to estimate a range of reasonably possible loss or a range of reasonably possible loss in excess of the amount accrued for outstanding legal matters.
18. Income Taxes
The Company had income tax expense of $72 and $0 for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $229 and $0 for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, due to adjustments to the valuation allowance on deferred tax assets.
The effective income tax rate for the three months ended June 30, 2021 was 27.6% without regard to the impact of the valuation allowance and includes the effect of state income taxes, nondeductible items and benefits for non-controlling interests. The Company’s income is subject to a federal statutory rate of 21.0% and an estimated state statutory rate of 5.0% before considering the valuation allowance.
The Company evaluates its effective income tax rate at each interim period and adjusts it accordingly as facts and circumstances warrant. The determination of the annual estimated effective income tax rate at each interim period requires certain estimates and judgments including, but not limited to, the expected operating income for the year, estimated permanent differences between book and tax amounts, and the likelihood of recovering deferred tax assets generated in the current year. The accounting estimates used to compute the provision for income taxes may change as new events occur and additional information is obtained.
At June 30, 2021, deferred tax liabilities, net of deferred tax assets, was $597. A valuation allowance has been recorded for the deferred tax assets as the Company has determined that it is not more likely than not that the tax benefits related to all the deferred tax assets
23

CHARAH SOLUTIONS, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, continued
(in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
will be realized. The Company will continue to evaluate both the positive and negative evidence in determining the need for a valuation allowance on its deferred tax assets.
19. Loss Per Share
Basic loss per share is computed by dividing net loss attributable to the Company’s stockholders by the weighted-average number of shares outstanding during the period. Diluted loss per share reflects all potentially dilutive ordinary shares outstanding during the period and is computed by dividing net loss attributable to the Company’s stockholders by the weighted-average number of shares outstanding during the period increased by the number of additional shares that would have been outstanding as dilutive securities.
Basic and diluted loss per share is determined using the following information:
Three months endedSix Months Ended
 June 30,June 30,
2021202020212020
Numerator:
Loss from continuing operations, net of tax and non-controlling interest$(4,166)$(7,313)$(5,453)$(24,606)
Deemed and imputed dividends on Series A Preferred Stock(148)(167)(295)(167)
Series A Preferred Stock dividends(2,148)(858)(4,215)(969)
Net loss from continuing operations attributable to common stockholders(6,462)(8,338)(9,963)(25,742)
Net income from discontinued operations3,777 6,820 
Net loss attributable to common stockholders$(6,462)$(4,561)$(9,963)$(18,922)
Denominator:
Weighted average shares outstanding30,450 29,927 30,282 29,785
Dilutive share-based awards
Total weighted average shares outstanding, including dilutive shares30,450 29,927 30,282 29,785 
Net loss from continuing operations per common share
Basic$(0.21)$(0.28)$(0.33)$(0.86)
Diluted$(0.21)$(0.28)$(0.33)$(0.86)
Net income from discontinued operations per common share
Basic$$0.13 $$0.23 
Diluted$$0.13 $$0.23 
Net loss attributable to common stockholders per common share
Basic$(0.21)$(0.15)$(0.33)$(0.64)
Diluted$(0.21)$(0.15)$(0.33)$(0.64)
The holders of the Preferred Stock have nonforfeitable rights to common stock dividends or common stock dividend equivalents. Accordingly, the Preferred Stock qualifies as participating securities.
As a result of the net loss per share for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, the inclusion of all potentially dilutive shares would be anti-dilutive. Therefore, dilutive shares of 12,018 and 10,884 were excluded from the computation of the weighted-average shares for diluted net loss per share for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and dilutive shares of 11,903 and 6,947 were excluded from the computation of the weighted-average shares for diluted net loss per share for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

24

CHARAH SOLUTIONS, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, continued
(in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
A summary of securities excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share is presented below:
 Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
June 30,June 30,
2021202020212020
Diluted earnings per share:
Anti-dilutive restricted and performance stock units1,285 1,440 1,338 1,400 
Anti-dilutive Series A Preferred Stock convertible into common stock10,733 9,444 10,565 5,547 
Potentially dilutive securities, excluded as anti-dilutive12,018 10,884 11,903 6,947 
20. Subsequent Event
On August 6, 2021, the Company executed a stock purchase agreement with a previously unrelated third party and issued 2,889 shares of common stock at $4.50 per share in a private placement for total proceeds of $13,000.
25


Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the historical financial statements and related notes included in Part I, “Item 1. Financial Statements” of this Quarterly Report. This discussion contains “forwardlooking statements” reflecting our current expectations, estimates and assumptions concerning events and financial trends that may affect our future operating results or financial position. Actual results and the timing of events may differ materially from those contained in these forwardlooking statements due to a number of factors. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, public health threats or outbreaks of communicable diseases, such as the ongoing novel coronavirus “COVID-19” pandemic and its impact on our business, customers, employees or customers' facilities, capital expenditures, economic and competitive conditions, and regulatory changes and other uncertainties, as well as those factors discussed below and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report. Please read “Cautionary Note Regarding ForwardLooking Statements” included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report. Except as otherwise required by applicable law, we assume no obligation to update any of these forwardlooking statements.
Charah Solutions, Inc.
Charah Solutions, Inc. (together with its subsidiaries, “Charah Solutions,” the “Company,” “we,” “us” or “our”) was incorporated in Delaware in 2018 in connection with our initial public offering in June 2018 and, together with its predecessors, has been in business since 1987. Since our founding, we have continuously worked to anticipate our customers’ evolving environmental needs, increasing the number of services we provide through our embedded presence at their power generation facilities. Our multi-service platform allows customers to gain efficiencies from sourcing multiple required offerings from a single, trusted partner compared to service providers with more limited scope.
Overview
We are a leading national service provider of mission-critical environmental services and byproduct sales to the power generation industry. We offer a suite of remediation and compliance services, byproduct sales and marketing, fossil services and environmental risk transfer ("ERT") services. We also design and implement solutions for complex environmental projects (such as coal ash pond closures) and facilitate coal ash recycling through byproduct sales and other beneficial use services. We believe we are a partner-of-choice for the power generation industry due to our quality, safety, domain experience, and compliance record, all of which are key criteria for our customers. In 2020, we performed work at more than 40 coal-fired generation sites nationwide.
On November 19, 2020, the Company sold its Allied Power Holdings LLC (“Allied”) subsidiary engaged in maintenance, modification and repair services to the nuclear and fossil power generation industry to an affiliate of Bernhard Capital Partners Management, LP (“BCP”), the Company’s majority shareholder, in an all-cash deal for $40 million (the “Allied Transaction”) subject to customary adjustments for working capital and other adjustments as set forth in the Purchase Agreement. The Company has presented Allied as discontinued operations in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes.
During the fourth quarter of 2020, we realigned our segment reporting into a single operating segment to reflect the suite of end-to-end services we offer our utility partners and how our chief operating decision maker reviews consolidated financial information to evaluate results of operations, assess performance and allocate resources for these services. We provide the following services through our one segment: remediation and compliance services, byproduct sales, fossil services and ERT services. Remediation and compliance services are associated with our customers’ need for multi-year environmental improvement and sustainability initiatives, whether driven by regulatory requirements, power generation customer initiatives or consumer expectations and standards. Byproduct sales support both our power generation customers’ desire to recycle their recurring and legacy volumes of coal combustion residuals (“CCRs”), commonly known as coal ash, and our ultimate end customers’ need for high-quality, cost-effective raw material substitutes. Fossil services consist of fossil plant maintenance and daily onsite management of coal ash for coal-fired power generation facilities. ERT services represent an innovative solution designed to meet the evolving and increasingly complex needs of utility customers. These customers need to retire and decommission older or underutilized assets while maximizing their value and improving the environment. Our ERT services manage the sites' remediation requirements benefiting the communities and lowering the utility customers' cost.
On February 10, 2021, the Company purchased the Texas Municipal Power Agency’s Gibbons Creek Steam Electric Station and Reservoir’s related assets in Grimes County, Texas (“the Gibbons Creek Transaction”). The Company acquired the 6,166-acre area, including the closed power station, a 3,500-acre reservoir, dam and spillway and other property. As part of our ERT services, the Company will be responsible for the decommissioning of the coal power plant, and as part of the acquisition, the Company will be assuming an asset retirement obligation for the site landfill and ash pond environmental remediation work.
COVID-19 Update
The pandemic caused by a novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) has impacted many aspects of our operations, directly and indirectly, including our employees, the services we provide at our customers’ power generation facilities, our suppliers and the overall market for our products and services. We, along with our utility partners, have implemented the precautionary health and safety measures recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (the “CDC”) in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, including, but not limited to: an employee health status questionnaire, taking daily temperatures, enhanced sanitation practices and cleaning surfaces throughout each shift, and increasing the number of hand sanitizing stations. We have also implemented social distancing measures, such as staggering shift start and stop times and break times with additional break spaces to support social distancing as well as holding safety meetings outside of the site trailer. Furthermore, we have implemented work-from-home measures for the majority of office employees. Understanding that the COVID-19 challenge is evolving, based on new information and feedback, we continue to monitor the situation and update our proactive measures in coordination with our customers.
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We continue to work closely with our utility partners and concrete producer customers to meet their needs and monitor any potential slowdowns of byproduct sales if there is decreased demand for construction materials. We have had no significant contracts canceled at this time. However, projections for power generation demand have been lowered, and there is the potential for decreased demand for our byproduct sales in the construction market as capital budgets are reduced and construction activity slows.
In light of the uncertain and rapidly evolving situation relating to the COVID-19 pandemic, in April 2020, we implemented a series of preemptive cost-cutting and cost savings initiatives across the Company, including reducing employee compensation, cash-based retainers to our Board of Directors, hiring and discretionary spending including travel restrictions. Also, we implemented applicable benefits of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”). In October 2020, we returned employee compensation and cash-based retainers to our Board of Directors to their pre-COVID-19 pandemic annual base levels. We may elect or need to take additional measures as the information available to us continues to develop, including measures concerning our employees, relationships with our third-party vendors, and our customers.
The COVID-19 pandemic presents potential new risks to the Company’s business. A sustained downturn may result in the carrying value of our long-lived assets exceeding their fair value, which may require us to recognize an impairment to those assets. Furthermore, delays in customer payments for our services may impact the collectability of our trade accounts receivable. The COVID-19 pandemic has caused logistical, supply chain and other challenges and may continue to affect demand for our byproduct sales, which are driven by construction activity, and the timing of our remediation and compliance services projects, due to delays in new contract awards.
The full extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic will impact our results is unknown and evolving and will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted. These include the severity, duration and spread of COVID-19, the efficacy and public acceptance of vaccination programs in curbing the spread of the virus, the introduction and spread of new variants of the virus, which may prove resistant to currently approved vaccines, the success of actions taken by governments and health organizations to combat the disease and treat its effects, including additional remedial legislation, and the extent to which, and when, general economic and operating conditions recover. Accordingly, we cannot reasonably estimate any resulting financial impact at this time but such amounts may be material.
How We Evaluate Our Operations
We use a variety of financial and operational metrics to assess the performance of our operations, including:
Revenue;
Gross Profit;
Operating Income;
Adjusted EBITDA; and
Adjusted EBITDA Margin.
Revenue
We analyze our revenue by comparing actual revenue to our internal projections for a given period and to prior periods to assess our performance. We believe that revenue is a meaningful indicator of the demand and pricing for our services.
Gross Profit
We analyze our gross profit, which we define as revenue less cost of sales, to measure our financial performance. We believe that gross profit is a meaningful metric because it provides insight on financial performance of our revenue streams without consideration of company overhead. When analyzing gross profit, we compare actual gross profit to our internal projections for a given period and to prior periods to assess our performance.
Operating Income
We analyze our operating income, which we define as revenue less cost of sales and general and administrative expenses, to measure our financial performance. We believe that operating income is a meaningful metric because it provides insight on profitability and true operating performance based on the historical cost basis of our assets. Additionally, due to the nature of the accounting requirements relating to our ERT services, the gains from the sales of fixed assets and the costs associated with ERT fixed asset sales are recorded as a component of operating income. When analyzing operating income, we compare actual operating income to our internal projections for a given period and to prior periods to assess our performance.
Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin
We view Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA margin, which are non-GAAP financial measures, as important indicators of performance because they allow for an effective evaluation of our operating performance when compared to our peers, without regard to our financing methods or capital structure.
We define Adjusted EBITDA as net loss attributable to Charah Solutions, Inc. before income from discontinued operations, net of tax, loss on extinguishment of debt, impairment expense, interest expense, net, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, equity-based compensation and transaction-related expenses and other items. Adjusted EBITDA margin represents the ratio of Adjusted EBITDA to total revenue. See “—Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below for more information and a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net loss attributable to Charah Solutions, Inc., the most directly comparable financial measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP.
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Key Factors Affecting Our Business and Financial Statements
Ability to Capture New Contracts and Opportunities
Our ability to grow revenue and earnings is dependent on maintaining and increasing our market share, renewing existing contracts, and obtaining additional contracts from proactive bidding on contracts with new and existing customers. We proactively work with existing customers ahead of contract end dates to attempt to secure contract renewals. We also leverage the embedded long-term nature of our customer relationships to obtain insight and capture new business opportunities across our platform.
Seasonality of Business
Based on historical trends, we expect our operating results to vary seasonally. Variations in normal weather patterns can cause changes in energy consumption, which may influence the demand and timing of associated services for our fossil services offerings. Inclement weather can impact construction-related activities associated with pond and landfill remediation, which affects the timing of revenue generation for our remediation and compliance services. Inclement weather can also impact decommissioning and demolition, land redevelopment and scrap sales activities, which affects the timing of income generation for our ERT services. Our byproduct sales are also negatively affected during winter months when the use of cement and cement products is generally lower.
Project-Based Nature of Environmental Remediation Mandates
We believe there is a significant pipeline of coal ash ponds and landfills that will require remediation and/or closure in the future. Due to their scale and complexity, these environmental remediation projects are typically completed over longer periods. As a result, our revenue from these projects can fluctuate over time. Some of our revenue from projects is recognized over time using the cost-to-cost input method of accounting for GAAP purposes, based primarily on contract costs incurred to date compared to total estimated contract costs. This method is the most accurate measure of our contract performance because it depicts the company’s performance in transferring control of goods or services promised to customers according to a reasonable measure of progress toward complete satisfaction of the performance obligation. The timing of revenue recorded for financial reporting purposes may differ from actual billings to customers, sometimes resulting in costs and billings in excess of actual revenue. Because of the risks in estimating gross profit margins for long-term jobs, actual results may differ from these estimates.
Byproduct Recycling Market Dynamics
There is a growing demand for recycled coal ash across various applications driven by market forces and governmental regulations creating the need to dispose of coal ash in an environmentally sensitive manner. Pricing of byproduct sales is driven by supply and demand market dynamics as well as the chemical and physical properties of the ash. As demand increases for the end-products that use CCRs’ (i.e., concrete for construction and infrastructure projects), the demand for recycled coal ash also typically rises. These fluctuations affect the relative demand for our byproduct sales. In recessionary periods, construction and infrastructure spending and the corresponding need for concrete may decline. However, this unfavorable effect may be partially offset by an increase in the demand for recycled coal ash during recessionary periods, given that coal ash is more cost-effective than other alternatives.
Power Generation Industry Spend on Environmental Liability Management and Regulatory Requirements
The power generation industry has increased annual spending on environmental liability management. We believe this results from regulatory requirements and consumer pressure, and the industry’s increasing focus on environmental stewardship. Continued increases in spending on environmental liability management by our customers should result in increased demand for services across our platform.
Many power generation entities are experiencing an increased need to retire and decommission older or less economically viable generating assets while minimizing costs and maximizing the value of the assets and improving the environment. Our ERT services allow these partners to remove the environmental risk and insurance obligations and place control and oversight with a company specializing in these complex remediation and reclamation projects. We believe our broad set of service capabilities, track record of quality service and safety, exacting environmental standards, and a dependable and experienced labor force is a significant competitive advantage. Our work, mission and culture are directly aligned with meeting environmental, sustainability, and governance (“ESG”) standards and providing innovative services to solve our utility customers’ most complex environmental challenges.
In March 2021, we issued our inaugural ESG Report to showcase our Company’s significant milestones in fulfilling our ESG commitments and sustainably preserving our natural resources for the betterment of our planet, our communities, and our customers. As a leading provider of mission critical environmental services and byproduct sales to the power generation industry for over 30 years, Charah Solutions is dedicated to preserving natural resources in an environmentally-conscious manner. We believe that we are an industry leader in quality, safety, and compliance, and we are committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and preserving our environment for a cleaner energy future.
Cost Management and Capital Investment Efficiency
Our principal operating costs consist of labor, material and equipment costs and equipment maintenance. We focus on cost management and efficiency, including monitoring labor costs, both in terms of wage rates and headcount, along with other costs such as materials and equipment. We believe we maintain a disciplined approach to capital expenditure decisions, typically associated with specific contract requirements. Furthermore, we strive to extend our equipment's useful life through a well-planned routine maintenance program.
How We Generate Revenue
Our remediation and compliance services primarily consist of designing, constructing, managing, remediating and closing ash
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ponds and landfills on customer-owned sites. Our byproduct sales offerings include recycling recurring and contracted volumes of coal-fired power generation waste byproducts, such as bottom ash, fly ash and gypsum byproduct, each of which can be used for various industrial purposes. More than 90% of our services work is time and materials based, cost reimbursable or unit price contracts, which significantly reduces the risk of loss on contracts and provides gross margin visibility. Revenue from management contracts is recognized when the ash is hauled to the landfill or the management services are provided. Revenue from the sale of ash is recognized when it is delivered to the customer. Revenue from construction contracts is recognized using the cost-to-cost input method.
Our fossil services offerings focus on recurring and daily onsite management for coal-fired power generation facilities to fulfill our customers' environmental service needs in handling their waste byproducts. Over the last five years, our renewal rate for fossil services contracts has been approximately 90%. Coal ash management is mission-critical to the power plants' daily operations as they generally only have on-site storage capacity for three to four days of CCR waste accumulation. These services include silo management, on-site ash transportation, landfill management, and capture and disposal of ash byproducts from coal power operations. This combination of one-stop related services deepens customer connectivity and drives long-term relationships which we believe are critical for renewing existing contracts, winning incremental business from existing customers at new sites and adding new customers.
Results of Operations    
Three Months Ended June 30, 2021 Compared to Three Months Ended June 30, 2020
 Three Months Ended
 June 30, Change
 2021 2020 $ %
(dollars in thousands)
Revenue$63,518 $52,304  $11,214  21.4 %
Cost of sales(56,598)(47,098) (9,500) 20.2 %
Gross profit6,920 5,206  1,714 32.9 %
General and administrative expenses(9,379)(8,657) (722) 8.3 %
Gains on sales of property and equipment, net2,696 — 2,696 100.0 %
Other operating expenses from ERT services(1,007)— (1,007)100.0 %
Operating loss(770)(3,451) 2,681  77.7 %
Interest expense, net(3,314)(4,055) 741  18.3 %
(Loss) income from equity method investment(11)326  (337) 103.4 %
Loss from continuing operations before income taxes(4,095)(7,180)3,085 (43.0)%
Income tax expense72 — 72 100.0 %
Net loss from continuing operations, net of tax(4,167)(7,180) 3,013  (42.0)%
Income from discontinued operations, net of tax— 3,777 (3,777)(100.0)%
Net loss(4,167)(3,403) (764) (22.5)%
Less (loss) income attributable to non-controlling interest(1)133 (134)100.8 %
Net loss attributable to Charah Solutions, Inc.$(4,166)$(3,536)(630)(17.8)%
Amounts attributable to Charah Solutions, Inc.
Loss from continuing operations, net of tax and non-controlling interest$(4,166)$(7,313)3,147 43.0 %
Deemed and imputed dividends on Series A Preferred Stock(148)(167)19 11.4 %
Series A Preferred Stock dividends(2,148)(858)(1,290)(150.3)%
Net loss from continuing operations attributable to common stockholders(6,462)(8,338)1,876 22.5 %
Income from discontinued operations, net of tax— 3,777 (3,777)100.0 %
Net loss attributable to common stockholders$(6,462)$(4,561)(1,901)(41.7)%
Revenue. Revenue increased $11.2 million, or 21.4%, for the three months ended June 30, 2021 to $63.5 million as compared to $52.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020, primarily driven by an increase in remediation and compliance services revenue from the commencement of new project work, partially offset by a decrease in byproduct sales due to an increase in shipping rates, the dissolution of our joint venture in Ash Venture LLC in the second quarter of 2021 and a decrease in fossil services revenue due to project completions.
Gross Profit. Gross profit increased $1.7 million, or 32.9%, for the three months ended June 30, 2021 to $6.9 million as compared to $5.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020, primarily driven by an increase in gross profit from our remediation and compliance services from the commencement of new project work and a better gross profit margin on our byproduct sales during the three months ended June 30, 2021, partially offset by a decrease in gross profit due to the dissolution of our joint venture in Ash Venture LLC in the second quarter of 2021 and a decrease in gross profit on our fossil services due to project completions. As a percentage of revenue, gross profit was 10.9% and 10.0% for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
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General and Administrative Expenses. General and administrative expenses increased $0.7 million, or 8.3%, for the three months ended June 30, 2021 to $9.4 million as compared to $8.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020, primarily attributable to certain temporary cost-cutting measures implemented in April 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic that returned to pre-COVID levels in October 2020.
Gains on Sales of Property and Equipment, Net. Gains on sales of property and equipment, net increased $2.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 due to the commencement of operations on the Gibbons Creek ERT project in 2021 and the completion of an asset purchase agreement with a third-party for the sale of certain grinding-related assets.
Other Operating Expenses from ERT Services. Other operating expenses from ERT services increased $1.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 due to expenses associated with the commencement of operations on the Gibbons Creek ERT project in 2021.
Interest Expense, Net. Interest expense, net decreased $0.7 million, or 18.3%, for the three months ended June 30, 2021 to $3.3 million as compared to $4.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease was primarily attributable to lower debt balances during the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020.
(Loss) Income from Equity Method Investment. (Loss) income from equity method investment decreased $0.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020, primarily due to the dissolution of our joint venture in CV Ash in the first quarter of 2021.
Income Tax Expense. Income tax expense increased $0.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020, primarily due to limitations of the utilization of deferred tax assets against the reversal of deferred tax liabilities.
Income from Discontinued Operations, Net of Tax. Income from discontinued operations, net of tax decreased $3.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020, due to the Company's sale of its Allied subsidiary in November 2020.
Net Loss. Net loss increased $0.8 million, or 22.5%, for the three months ended June 30, 2021 to $4.2 million as compared to $3.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020.

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Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 Compared to Six Months Ended June 30, 2020
 Six Months Ended
 June 30, Change
 2021 2020 $ %
(dollars in thousands)
Revenue$115,625 $103,581  $12,044  11.6 %
Cost of sales(103,120)(93,480) (9,640) 10.3 %
Gross profit12,505 10,101  2,404 23.8 %
General and administrative expenses(18,811)(19,325) 514  (2.7)%
Gain on sales-type lease5,568 — 5,568 100.0 %
Gains on sales of property and equipment, net3,243 — 3,243 100.0 %
Other operating expenses from ERT services(1,297)— (1,297)100.0 %
Operating (loss) income1,208 (9,224) 10,432  113.1 %
Interest expense, net(6,549)(6,914) 365  5.3 %
Loss on extinguishment of debt— (8,603) 8,603  (100.0)%
Income from equity method investment191 622  (431) 69.3 %
Loss from continuing operations before income taxes(5,150)(24,119)18,969 (78.6)%
Income tax expense229 — 229 100.0 %
Net loss from continuing operations, net of tax(5,379)(24,119) 18,740  (77.7)%
Income from discontinued operations, net of tax— 6,820 (6,820)(100.0)%
Net loss(5,379)(17,299) 11,920  68.9 %
Less income attributable to non-controlling interest74 487 (413)84.8 %
Net loss attributable to Charah Solutions, Inc.$(5,453)$(17,786)12,333  69.3 %
Amounts attributable to Charah Solutions, Inc.
Loss from continuing operations, net of tax and non-controlling interest$(5,453)$(24,606)19,153 77.8 %
Deemed and imputed dividends on Series A Preferred Stock(295)(167)(128)(76.6)%
Series A Preferred Stock dividends(4,215)(969)(3,246)(335.0)%
Net loss from continuing operations attributable to common stockholders(9,963)(25,742)15,779 61.3 %
Income from discontinued operations, net of tax— 6,820 (6,820)100.0 %
Net loss attributable to common stockholders$(9,963)$(18,922)8,959 47.3 %
Revenue. Revenue increased $12.0 million, or 11.6%, for the six months ended June 30, 2021 to $115.6 million as compared to $103.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020, primarily driven by an increase in remediation and compliance services revenue from the commencement of new project work, partially offset by a decrease in byproduct sales due to lower plant production that we believe was due to lower demand as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, an increase in shipping rates, the dissolution of our joint venture in Ash Venture LLC in the second quarter of 2021 and a decrease in fossil services revenue due to project completions.
Gross Profit. Gross profit increased $2.4 million, or 23.8%, for the six months ended June 30, 2021 to $12.5 million as compared to $10.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020, primarily driven by an increase in gross profit from our remediation and compliance services from the commencement of new project work, partially offset by a decrease in gross profit on byproduct sales due to the dissolution of our joint venture in Ash Venture LLC in the second quarter of 2021 and a decrease in gross profit on our fossil services due to project completions. As a percentage of revenue, gross profit was 10.8% and 9.8% for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
General and Administrative Expenses. General and administrative expenses decreased $0.5 million, or 2.7%, for the six months ended June 30, 2021 to $18.8 million as compared to $19.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020, primarily attributable to reductions in staff and other temporary cost-cutting measures implemented in April 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and a decrease in equity-based compensation of $0.3 million, partially offset by an increase in transaction-related expenses and other items of $0.6 million.
Gain on Sales-type Lease. Gain on sales-type lease increased $5.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 due to the recognition of the sales-type lease discussed in Note 7, Balance Sheet Items, to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
Gains on Sales of Property and Equipment, Net. Gains on sales of property and equipment, net increased $3.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 due to the commencement of operations on the Gibbons Creek ERT project in 2021 and the completion of an asset purchase agreement with a third-party for the sale of certain grinding-related assets.
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Other Operating Expenses from ERT Services. Other operating expenses from ERT services increased $1.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 due to expenses associated with the commencement of operations on the Gibbons Creek ERT project in 2021.
Interest Expense, Net. Interest expense, net decreased $0.4 million, or 5.3%, for the six months ended June 30, 2021 to $6.5 million as compared to $6.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The increase was primarily attributable to lower debt balances and an increase in the non-cash mark-to-market gain associated with the change in value of our interest rate swap, partially offset by an increase in paid in-kind interest related to the amendments to the Credit Facility as discussed below “—Liquidity and Capital Resources—Our Debt Agreements—Existing Credit Facility.”
Loss on Extinguishment of Debt. Loss on extinguishment of debt decreased $8.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 due to the absence of expenses incurred as a result of the Company’s Amendment No. 3 to Credit Agreement (the “Third Amendment”) of our existing Credit Facility for the six months ended June 30, 2020 as discussed below in “—Liquidity and Capital Resources—Our Debt Agreements—Existing Credit Facility.” The Company expensed $5.2 million in amendment fees and wrote off $3.4 million in previously capitalized debt issuance costs as a result of the Third Amendment during the six months ended June 30, 2020.
Income from Equity Method Investment. Income from equity method investment decreased $0.4 million, or 69.3%, for the six months ended June 30, 2021 to $0.2 million as compared to $0.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020, primarily due to the dissolution of our joint venture in CV Ash in the first quarter of 2021.
Income Tax Expense. Income tax expense increased $0.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020, primarily due to limitations of the utilization of deferred tax assets against the reversal of deferred tax liabilities.
Income from Discontinued Operations, Net of Tax. Income from discontinued operations, net of tax decreased $6.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020, primarily due to the Company's sale of its Allied subsidiary in November 2020.
Net Loss. Net loss decreased $11.9 million, or 68.9%, for the six months ended June 30, 2021 to $5.4 million as compared to $17.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020.     
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
The following table is a summary of our overall financial position:
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020Change
(in thousands)
Total assets$329,849 $280,960 $48,889 
Total liabilities287,960 233,221 54,739 
Mezzanine equity31,141 27,423 3,718 
Total equity10,748 20,316 (9,568)
Assets
Total assets increased $48.9 million driven primarily by $55.2 million in assets acquired as part of the Gibbons Creek Transaction discussed in Note 5, Asset Acquisition, to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, an increase in restricted cash of $8.7 million related to a specific remediation and compliance project, and a lease receivable of $6.0 million resulting from the sales-type lease discussed in Note 7, Balance Sheet Items, to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. These increases were partially offset by depreciation and amortization expense of $12.3 million and the cash payments of $7.4 million for the working capital adjustment and other items for the Allied Transaction.
Liabilities
Total liabilities increased $54.7 million driven by the asset retirement obligations acquired of $50.6 million as part of the Gibbons Creek Transaction discussed in Note 5, Asset Acquisition, to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, and an increase of $19.8 million in contract liabilities from billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings associated with billings during the six months ended June 30, 2021 for a specific remediation and compliance project and other new projects. These increases were partially offset by $7.4 million for the payments of the working capital adjustment and other items for the Allied Transaction, and $3.8 million for the payment of accrued bonuses and $3.5 million for the payment of certain liabilities assumed through the Allied Transaction.
Mezzanine Equity
Total mezzanine equity increased $3.7 million related to the paid in-kind dividends and accretion associated with the Preferred Stock Offering.
Equity
Total equity decreased $9.6 million driven primarily by the $5.4 million net loss, $4.5 million in paid in-kind and deemed dividends associated with our Preferred Stock and $0.5 million in taxes paid related to the net settlement of shares, partially offset by $1.0 million in share-based compensation.

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Liquidity and Capital Resources
Our primary sources of liquidity and capital resources are cash on the balance sheet, cash flows generated by operating activities and borrowings under the Credit Facility. Due to longer sales cycles, driven by the increase in the size, scope and complexity of remediation and compliance projects that we are bidding on, we have experienced contract initiation delays and project completion delays that have adversely affected our revenue and overall liquidity. Our lengthy and complex projects require us to expend large sums of working capital, and delays in payment receipts, project commencement or project completion can adversely affect our financial position and the cash flows that typically fund our expenditures.
As of June 30, 2021, we had total liquidity of $37.9 million, comprised of $18.1 million of cash on hand and $19.8 million availability under the Revolving Loan. As of June 30, 2021, borrowings under the Company’s Credit Facility total $132.8 million and will mature in July 2022. In addition, in August 2021, the Company entered into an amendment to its Credit Facility as further discussed in Note 11, Credit Agreement, to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, to waive non-compliance with certain financial covenants as of June 30, 2021 and to amend certain financial covenants as of September 30, 2021 in order to avoid projected non-compliance that could result in acceleration of maturity. The Company does not have sufficient cash on hand or available liquidity to repay the maturing credit facility debt as it becomes due within one year after the date that these condensed consolidated financial statements are issued. These conditions and events raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.
In response, the Company is currently pursuing a plan to offer senior unsecured notes due in 2026 in a registered underwritten public offering. However, this offering is subject to market conditions and not within the Company’s control, and therefore, implementation of management’s plans cannot be deemed probable. As a result, management has concluded these plans do not alleviate substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.
The condensed consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts or the amounts and classification of liabilities that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.
Cash Flows
The following table sets forth our cash flow data:
 Six Months Ended  
 June 30, Change
 2021 2020 $
(dollars in thousands)
Net cash provided by operating activities10,242 9,228  $1,014 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities29,951 (1,449) 31,400 
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities(11,745)30,720  (42,465)
Net change in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$28,448  $38,499  $(10,051)
Operating Activities
Net cash provided by operating activities increased $1.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 to $10.2 million as compared to $9.2 million of net cash provided by operating activities for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The change in cash flows provided by operating activities was primarily attributable to:
a decrease in net loss of $11.9 million,
a decrease in non-working capital adjustments to net loss of $19.5 million, primarily due to a gain on sales-type lease of $5.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021, an increase in the gain on sale of fixed assets of $4.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and the loss on extinguishment of debt of $8.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020, and
an increase of $8.6 million from all other operating activities, which was primarily driven by the absence of discontinued operations and its net working capital requirements.
Investing Activities
Net cash provided by investing activities increased $31.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 to $30.0 million as compared to $1.4 million of net cash used in investing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The change in cash flows provided by investing activities was primarily attributable to an increase of $34.9 million from proceeds for liabilities assumed as part of the Gibbons Creek Transaction discussed in Note 5, Asset Acquisition, to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, and an increase in proceeds from the sales of property and equipment primarily due to scrap sales from ERT projects and the sale of other fixed assets. These increases were partially offset by a decrease of $7.4 million for the payment of the working capital adjustment and other items resulting from the Allied Transaction.
Financing Activities
Net cash used in financing activities decreased $42.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 to $11.7 million as compared to $30.7 million of net cash provided by financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2020. During the six months ended June 30,
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2021, the change in cash flows provided by financing activities was primarily attributable to a decrease of $19.5 million in proceeds received from long-term debt and the line of credit and the absence of $24.3 million of proceeds received from Preferred Stock issuance.
Working Capital
Our working capital, which we define as total current assets less total current liabilities, totaled $13.4 million at June 30, 2021 as compared to $21.5 million at December 31, 2020. This decrease in net working capital for the six months ended June 30, 2021 was primarily due to:
increases in contract liabilities due to the timing of billings in excess of costs and earnings for certain remediation and compliance projects,
increases in asset retirement obligations due to the liabilities assumed in the Gibbons Creek Transaction, and
increases in capital lease obligations and notes payables due to new long-term debt financing and capital leases entered into during the six months ended June 30, 2021.
This increase was partially offset by:
increases in cash and restricted cash due to proceeds received from the Gibbons Creek Transaction and a specific remediation and compliance project, and
decreases in accounts payable and accrued expenses due to the payment of the working capital adjustment resulting from the sale of Allied, the payment of the bonus accrual during the six months ended June 30, 2021, and the timing of payments for project-specific payables and accruals.
Our Debt Agreements
Existing Credit Facility
On September 21, 2018, we entered into a credit agreement (the “Credit Facility”) by and among us, the lenders party thereto from time to time and Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent (the “Administrative Agent”). The Credit Facility includes:
A revolving loan not to exceed $50.0 million (the “Revolving Loan”);
A term loan of $205.0 million (the “Closing Date Term Loan”); and
A commitment to loan up to a further $25.0 million in term loans, which expired in March 2020 (the “Delayed Draw Commitment” and the term loans funded under such Delayed Draw Commitment, the “Delayed Draw Term Loan,” together with the Closing Date Term Loan, the “Term Loan”).
After the Fourth Amendment, all amounts associated with the Revolving Loan and the Term Loan under the Credit Facility will mature in July 2022, as discussed more fully below. The interest rates per annum applicable to the loans under the Credit Facility are based on a fluctuating rate of interest measured by reference to, at our election, either (i) the Eurodollar rate, currently the London Inter-bank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”), or (ii) an alternative base rate. Various margins are added to the interest rate based upon our consolidated net leverage ratio (as defined in the Credit Facility). Customary fees are payable regarding the Credit Facility and include (i) commitment fees for the unused portions of the Credit Facility and (ii) fees on outstanding letters of credit. Amounts borrowed under the Credit Facility are secured by substantially all of the assets of the Company.
The Credit Facility contains various customary representations and warranties and restrictive covenants that, among other things and subject to specified exceptions, restrict the ability of us and our restricted subsidiaries to grant liens, incur indebtedness (including guarantees), make investments, engage in mergers and acquisitions, make dispositions of assets, make restricted payments or change the nature of our or our subsidiaries’ business. The Credit Facility contains financial covenants related to the consolidated net leverage ratio and the fixed charge coverage ratio (as defined in the Credit Facility) that have been modified as described below.
The Credit Facility also contains certain affirmative covenants, including reporting requirements, such as delivering financial statements, certificates and notices of certain events, maintaining insurance and providing additional guarantees and collateral in certain circumstances.
The Credit Facility includes customary events of default, including non-payment of principal, interest or fees as they come due, violation of covenants, inaccuracy of representations or warranties, cross-default to certain other material indebtedness, bankruptcy and insolvency events, invalidity or impairment of guarantees or security interests, material judgments and change of control.
The Revolving Loan provides a principal amount of up to $50.0 million, reduced by outstanding letters of credit. As of June 30, 2021, $12.8 million was outstanding on the Revolving Loan, and $17.5 million of letters of credit were outstanding.
But for Amendment No. 2 to Credit Agreement and Waiver (the “Second Amendment”), as of June 30, 2019, we would not have complied with the requirement to maintain a consolidated net leverage ratio of 3.75 to 1.00 under the Credit Facility. On August 13, 2019, we entered into the Second Amendment, under which, among other things, the required lenders agreed to waive such non-compliance.
Also, according to the terms of the Second Amendment, the Credit Facility was amended to revise the required financial covenant ratios, which have been modified as described below. As consideration for these accommodations, we agreed that amounts borrowed under the Delayed Draw Commitment would not exceed $15.0 million at any one time outstanding (without reducing the overall Delayed Draw
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Commitment amount). Further, the margin of interest charged on all outstanding loans was increased to 4.00% for loans based on LIBOR and 3.00% for loans based on the alternative base rate. The Second Amendment revised the amount of (i) the commitment fees to 0.35% at all times for the unused portions of the Credit Facility and (ii) fees on outstanding letters of credit to 3.35% at all times. The Second Amendment also added a requirement to make two additional scheduled prepayments of outstanding loans under the Credit Facility, including a payment of $50.0 million on or before September 13, 2019 and an additional payment of $40.0 million on or before March 31, 2020. The $50.0 million payment was made before September 13, 2019, using proceeds of the Brickhaven deemed termination payment. The Second Amendment required the Company to pay the Administrative Agent an amendment fee in an amount equal to 1.00% of the total credit exposure under the Credit Facility immediately before the effectiveness of the Second Amendment, and this fee was paid on August 16, 2020.
The Second Amendment also included revisions to the restrictive covenants, including removing certain exceptions to the restrictions on our ability to make acquisitions, investments and dividends or other distributions. After giving effect to the Second Amendment, we will not be permitted to make any distributions or dividends to our stockholders without the required lenders’ consent.
In March 2020, the Company entered into Amendment No. 3 to Credit Agreement (the “Third Amendment”).
Under the terms of the Third Amendment, the Credit Facility was amended to waive the mandatory $40,000 prepayment due on or before March 31, 2020, and to revise the required financial covenant ratios such that, after giving effect to the Third Amendment, we were not required to comply with any financial covenants through December 30, 2020. After December 30, 2020, we were required to comply with a maximum consolidated net leverage ratio of 6.50 to 1.00 from December 31, 2020 through June 29, 2021, decreasing to 6.00 to 1.00 from June 30, 2021 through December 30, 2021, and to 3.50 to 1.00 as of December 31, 2021 and thereafter. After giving effect to the Third Amendment, we were also required to comply with a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.00 to 1.00 as of December 31, 2020, increasing to 1.20 to 1.00 as of March 31, 2021 and thereafter. In the event that we were unable to comply in the future with such financial covenants upon delivery of our financial statements under the terms of the Credit Facility, an Event of Default (as defined in the Credit Facility) will have occurred, and the Administrative Agent can then, following a specified cure period, declare the unpaid principal amount of all outstanding loans, all interest accrued and unpaid thereon, and all other amounts payable to be immediately due and payable by the Company.
The Third Amendment increased the maximum amount available to be borrowed under the Delayed Draw Commitment from $15.0 million to $25.0 million, subject to certain quarterly amortization payments. The Third Amendment also included revisions to the restrictive covenants, including increasing the amount of indebtedness that the Company may incur regarding certain capitalized leases from $50.0 million to $75.0 million.
Under the Third Amendment, the Company has agreed to make monthly amortization payments in respect of term loans beginning in April 2020 and move the maturity date for all loans under the Credit Facility to July 31, 2022 (the “Maturity Date”). Also, if at any time after August 13, 2019, the outstanding principal amount of the Delayed Draw Term Loans exceeds $10.0 million, we will incur additional interest at a rate equal to 10.0% per annum on all daily average amounts exceeding $10.0 million payable at March 31, 2020 and at the Maturity Date. Further, the Third Amendment requires mandatory prepayments of revolving loans with any cash held by the Company over $10.0 million, which excludes the amount of proceeds received in respect of the Preferred Stock Offering (as defined below) to the extent such funds are used for liquidity and general corporate purposes. The Company has also agreed to an increase of four percent (4%) to the interest rate applicable to the Closing Date Term Loan compounded monthly and paid in kind by adding such portion to the outstanding principal amount.
As a condition to entering into the Second Amendment, we were required to pay the Administrative Agent an amendment fee (the “Second Amendment Fee”) in an amount equal to 1.50% of the total credit exposure under the Credit Facility immediately before the effectiveness of the Second Amendment. Of the Second Amendment Fee, 0.50% was due and paid on October 15, 2019, and 1.00% of such Second Amendment Fee was paid on August 16, 2020. We were also required to pay the Administrative Agent an amendment fee associated with the Third Amendment (the “Third Amendment Fee”) in an amount equal to 0.20% of the total credit exposure under the Credit Facility, immediately before the effectiveness of the Third Amendment, with such Third Amendment Fee paid on June 30, 2020. Finally, we will also pay an additional fee with respect to the Third Amendment in the amount of $2.0 million, with such fee being due and payable on the Maturity Date.
In November 2020, the Company entered into Amendment No. 4 to Credit Agreement (the “Fourth Amendment”).
Under the terms of the Fourth Amendment, the Credit Facility was amended to revise the required financial covenant ratios such that, after giving effect to the Fourth Amendment, for the periods ending December 31, 2020 through March 30, 2021, we will be required to comply with a maximum consolidated leverage of 5.50 to 1.00, decreasing to 4.80 to 1.00 for the periods ended March 31, 2021 through September 29, 2021, to 4.50 to 1.00 for the periods ending September 30, 2021 through December 30, 2021, and to 3.50 to 1.00 as of December 31, 2021 and thereafter. After giving effect to the Fourth Amendment, we will also be required to comply with a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.00 to 1.00 as of March 31, 2021, increasing to 1.20 to 1.00 as of June 30, 2021 and thereafter.
In August 2021, the Company entered into Amendment No. 5 to Credit Agreement and Waiver (the “Fifth Amendment”). But for this amendment, as of June 30, 2021, we would not have been in compliance with the requirement to maintain a consolidated net leverage ratio of 4.80 to 1.00 or a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.20 to 1.00. Under the terms of the Fifth Amendment, the required lenders agreed to waive such non-compliance. In addition, the Credit Facility was amended to revise the financial covenant ratios such that, after giving effect to the Fifth Amendment, we will be required to comply with a maximum consolidated net leverage ratio of 5.50 to 1.00 and a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.10 to 1.00 as of September 30, 2021. As consideration for these accommodations, upon execution of the Fifth Amendment, the Company was required to make an additional scheduled prepayment of $5.0 million of outstanding loans under
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the Credit Facility and accelerate payment of the previously accrued $2.0 million fee required as consideration for the Third Amendment that was otherwise due and payable on the Maturity Date.
Our ability to comply with such financial covenants depends on the Company’s forecasted leverage and adjusted EBITDA for the applicable periods, which could be adversely impacted by the effects of COVID-19 or other unforeseen factors. Our financial forecasts, which we believe are reasonable given current market conditions, indicate that the Company will be in compliance with all financial covenants through the one-year period following the issuance of these financial statements. Those financial forecasts are highly dependent upon the demand for our byproduct sales, timing in new contract awards and completion of existing work. The current pandemic is making it more difficult to forecast future results, and as a result, it may have a significant impact on the Company’s results of operations, financial position, liquidity or capital resources. These significant risks may also have an adverse impact and cause us not to comply with our financial covenants. If we are not in compliance with our financial covenants, the Company could be required to seek waivers, forbearance or amendments from the Administrative Agent. There can be no assurance that we could obtain such waivers, forbearance, or amendments as any future agreements with the Administrative Agent are not considered in the Company’s control. If we are unable to comply in the future with such financial covenants upon delivery of our financial statements according to the terms of the Credit Facility, an Event of Default (as defined in the Credit Facility) will have occurred. The Administrative Agent can then, following a specified cure period, declare the unpaid principal amount of all outstanding loans, all interest accrued and unpaid thereon, and all other amounts payable to be immediately due and payable by the Company.
In accordance with ASC 470, Debt, the Company calculated the present value of the cash flows for purposes of applying the 10% cash flow test for the Third Amendment and concluded that the original and new debt instruments were substantially different, necessitating that the Third Amendment be accounted for as an extinguishment. The Company capitalized third-party fees of $1.6 million that will be amortized prospectively through interest expense, net in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations using the effective interest method through the Maturity Date. Fees payable to the lenders (as discussed above) of $5.2 million were associated with the extinguishment of the old debt instrument and included in loss on extinguishment of debt in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations. The Company wrote off unamortized debt issuance costs of $3.4 million, which is included in loss on extinguishment of debt in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations. The Company also calculated the present value of the cash flows for purposes of applying the 10% cash flow test for the Fourth and Fifth Amendments and concluded that the original and new debt instruments were not substantially different, necessitating that the Fourth and Fifth Amendments be accounted for as modifications.
Equipment Financing Facilities
We have entered into various equipment financing arrangements to finance the acquisition of certain equipment (the “Equipment Financing Facilities”). As of June 30, 2021, we had $20.0 million of equipment notes outstanding. Each of the Equipment Financing Facilities includes non-financial covenants, and, as of June 30, 2021, we were in compliance with these covenants.
Series A Preferred Stock
As a condition to the Third Amendment, the Company entered into an agreement with an investment fund affiliated with BCP to sell 26,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Preferred Stock”), for net proceeds of approximately $25.2 million in a private placement (the “Preferred Stock Offering”). The Preferred Stock had an initial liquidation preference of $1,000 per share and pays a dividend at the rate of 10% per annum in cash, or 13% if the Company elects to pay dividends in-kind by adding such amount to the liquidation preference. The Company intends to pay dividends-in-kind for the foreseeable future. Proceeds from the Preferred Stock Offering will be used for liquidity and general corporate purposes.
For more information related to the Series A Preferred Stock, see Note 13, Mezzanine Equity, to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
Common Stock Issuance
On August 6, 2021, the Company executed a stock purchase agreement with a previously unrelated third party and issued 2.9 million shares of common stock at $4.50 per share for total proceeds of $13.0 million.
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Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin
Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA margin are not financial measures determined in accordance with GAAP.
We define Adjusted EBITDA as net loss attributable to Charah Solutions, Inc. before income from discontinued operations, net of tax, loss on extinguishment of debt, impairment expense, interest expense, net, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, equity-based compensation, non-recurring legal costs and expenses and transaction-related expenses and other items. Adjusted EBITDA margin represents the ratio of Adjusted EBITDA to total revenue.
We believe Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA margin are useful performance measures because they allow for an effective evaluation of our operating performance compared to our peers, without regard to our financing methods or capital structure. We exclude the items listed above from net loss attributable to Charah Solutions, Inc. in arriving at Adjusted EBITDA because these amounts are either non-recurring or can vary substantially within our industry depending upon accounting methods and book values of assets, capital structures and the method by which the assets were acquired. Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as an alternative to, or more meaningful than, net loss attributable to Charah Solutions, Inc. determined in accordance with GAAP. Certain items excluded from Adjusted EBITDA are significant components in understanding and assessing a company’s financial performance, such as a company’s cost of capital and tax structure, as well as the historic costs of depreciable assets, none of which are reflected in Adjusted EBITDA. Our presentation of Adjusted EBITDA should not be construed as an indication that our results will be unaffected by the items excluded from Adjusted EBITDA. Our computations of Adjusted EBITDA may not be identical to other similarly titled measures of other companies. We use Adjusted EBITDA margin to measure the success of our business in managing our cost base and improving profitability. The following table presents a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net loss attributable to Charah Solutions, Inc., our most directly comparable financial measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP, along with our Adjusted EBITDA margin.
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
June 30,June 30,
2021202020212020
(in thousands)
Net loss attributable to Charah Solutions, Inc.$(4,166)$(3,536)$(5,453)$(17,786)
Income from discontinued operations, net of tax— (3,777)— (6,820)
Interest expense, net(1)
3,314 4,055 6,549 6,914 
Loss on extinguishment of debt— — — 8,603 
Income tax expense72 — 229 — 
Depreciation and amortization(1)
6,169 6,538 12,315  12,864 
Equity-based compensation(1)
699 530 998 1,255 
Impairment expense127 — 127 — 
Transaction-related expenses and other items(1)(2)
277 434 1,247  652 
Adjusted EBITDA$6,492 $4,244 $16,012 $5,682 
Adjusted EBITDA margin(3)
10.2 %8.1 %13.8 % 5.5 %
(1)Represents amounts for continuing operations only.
(2)Represents expenses associated with the Amendment to the Credit Facility and other miscellaneous items.
(3)Adjusted EBITDA margin is a non-GAAP financial measure that represents the ratio of Adjusted EBITDA to total revenue. We use Adjusted EBITDA margin to measure the success of our businesses in managing our cost base and improving profitability.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We currently have no material off-balance sheet arrangements except for operating leases as referenced within Part II, “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.
Contractual Obligations
As of June 30, 2021, there have been no material changes in our outstanding contractual obligations from those disclosed within Part II, “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
There were no changes to our critical accounting policies from those disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, except as noted below.

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Asset Retirement Obligations
The Company has land and structural fill assets with corresponding obligations to restore such assets at the end of its operation. Estimating the future closure and post-closure costs is difficult and requires management to make estimates and judgments because these obligations are over many years in the future. Asset retirement obligations (“ARO”) associated with retiring long-lived assets are recognized as a liability in the period in which a legal obligation is incurred and becomes determinable. The ARO liability reflects the estimated present value of the closure and post-closure activities associated with the Company’s land and structural fill assets. The Company utilizes current retirement costs to estimate the expected cash outflows for retirement obligations.
Inherent in the present value calculation are numerous assumptions and judgments, including the ultimate settlement amounts, inflation factors, credit-adjusted discount rates, timing of settlement, and changes in the legal, regulatory, environmental and political environments. To the extent future revisions to these assumptions impact the present value of the existing ARO liability, a corresponding adjustment is made to the land and/or structural fill balance. Accretion expense is recognized over time as the discounted liability is accreted to its expected settlement value.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Please see Note 3, Recent Accounting Pronouncements, to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report and Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, to the consolidated and combined financial statements in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 for a discussion of recent accounting pronouncements.
Under the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act (the “JOBS Act”), we meet the definition of an “emerging growth company,” which allows us to have an extended transition period for complying with new or revised financial accounting standards pursuant to Section 107(b) of the JOBS Act. We intend to take advantage of all of the reduced reporting requirements and exemptions, including the longer phase-in periods for the adoption of new or revised financial accounting standards under Section 107 of the JOBS Act until we are no longer an emerging growth company.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Our management, with the participation of our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d‑15(e) of the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report. Management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives. Based on such evaluation, our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of June 30, 2021, at the reasonable assurance level.
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting identified in connection with the evaluation required by Rules 13a-15(d) and 15d-15(d) of the Exchange Act that occurred during the quarter ended June 30, 2021 that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect our internal control over financial reporting. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the majority of our office employees have been working remotely since the middle of March 2020. We have taken precautionary measures to ensure our internal control over financial reporting addressed risks working in a remote environment. We are continually monitoring and assessing the COVID-19 potential effects on the design and operating effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting.
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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
We are from time to time party to various lawsuits, claims and other legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of our business. With respect to all such lawsuits, claims and proceedings, we record reserves when it is probable a liability has been incurred and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated. Although it is difficult to predict the ultimate outcome of these lawsuits, claims and proceedings, we do not believe that the ultimate disposition of any of these matters, individually or in the aggregate, would have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position or cash flows. We maintain liability insurance for certain risks that is subject to certain self-insurance limits.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
The following risk factor is in addition to the risks and uncertainties described under “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, which was filed with the SEC on March 24, 2021. The effects of the events and circumstances described in the following risk factor have the potential to affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, strategies, or prospects in a material and adverse manner.
If we are unable to successfully implement our business plans and strategies, our consolidated results of operations, financial position, liquidity and ability to continue as a going concern could be negatively affected.
As noted elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles applicable to a going concern, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. As of June 30, 2021, we had total liquidity of $37.9 million, comprised of $18.1 million of cash on hand and $19.8 million availability under the Revolving Loan. As of June 30, 2021, borrowings under the Company’s Credit Facility total $132.8 million and will mature in July 2022. The Company does not have sufficient cash on hand or available liquidity to repay the maturing credit facility debt as it becomes due within one year after the date of this filing. These conditions and events raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.
We have taken, and intend to take, actions to improve our liquidity position and to address the uncertainty about our ability to operate as a going concern, but these actions are subject to a number of assumptions, projections, market conditions and analyses. If these assumptions prove to be incorrect or if market conditions are adversely impacted, we may be unsuccessful in executing our business plans or achieving the projected results, which could adversely impact our financial results and liquidity. There are no assurances our actions will prove to be successful or be consistent with our expectations, and therefore, implementation of management’s plans cannot be deemed probable. As a result, our results of operations, financial position and liquidity could be negatively impacted.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Purchases of Equity Securities
The following table provides information about repurchases of our common stock during the three months ended June 30, 2021:
Period
Total Number of Shares Purchased(1)
Average Price Paid per ShareTotal Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or ProgramsApproximate Dollar Value of Shares that May Yet be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs
April 1, 2021 through April 30, 202192,548 $5.50 — — 
May 1, 2021 through May 31, 2021— — — — 
June 1, 2021 through June 30, 2021— — — — 
Total92,548 $5.50 
(1)Represents shares of common stock withheld for income tax purposes connected with the vesting of shares of restricted stock issued to employees.

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Item 6. Exhibits
Exhibit
Number
 Description
 
 
 
101.SCH* Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
101.CAL* Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
101.DEF* Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.
101.LAB* Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels Linkbase Document.
101.PRE* Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.
104*Cover page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)
    ___________
*Filed herewith.
**Furnished herewith.

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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
   
 CHARAH SOLUTIONS, INC.
   
   
August 9, 2021By:/s/ Scott A. Sewell
 Name:Scott A. Sewell
 Title:President and Chief Executive Officer
  (Principal Executive Officer)
   
   
August 9, 2021By:/s/ Roger D. Shannon
 Name:Roger D. Shannon
 Title:Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer
  (Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)
   
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