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RTLR Rattler Midstream

Filed: 5 May 21, 4:17pm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021

OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number 001-38919
 
Rattler Midstream LP
(Exact Name of Registrant As Specified in Its Charter)
DE83-1404608
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
500 West Texas
Suite 1200
Midland,TX79701
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip code)
(432) 221-7400
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common UnitsRTLRThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
(NASDAQ Global Select Market)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes       No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check One):
Large Accelerated FilerAccelerated Filer
Non-Accelerated FilerSmaller Reporting Company
Emerging Growth Company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.     

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No   

As of April 30, 2021, the registrant had outstanding 40,752,589 common units representing limited partner interests and 107,815,152 Class B units representing limited partner interests.


RATTLER MIDSTREAM LP
FORM 10-Q
FOR THE QUARTER ENDED MARCH 31, 2021
TABLE OF CONTENTS

i

GLOSSARY OF OIL AND NATURAL GAS TERMS
The following is a glossary of certain oil and natural gas industry terms used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “report”):
BasinA large depression on the earth’s surface in which sediments accumulate.
Bbl or barrelOne stock tank barrel, or 42 U.S. gallons liquid volume, used in reference to crude oil, natural gas liquids or other liquid hydrocarbons.
Bbl/dBbl per day.
British Thermal Unit or BtuThe quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of water by one degree Fahrenheit.
CompletionThe process of treating a drilled well, followed by the installation of permanent equipment for the production of natural gas or oil or, in the case of a dry hole, the reporting of abandonment to the appropriate agency.
Crude oilLiquid hydrocarbons found in the earth, which may be refined into fuel sources.
Dry hole or dry wellA well found to be incapable of producing hydrocarbons in sufficient quantities such that proceeds from the sale of such production exceed production expenses and taxes.
Hydraulic fracturingThe process of creating and preserving a fracture or system of fractures in a reservoir rock, typically by injecting a fluid under pressure through a wellbore and into the targeted formation.
HydrocarbonAn organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen.
McfOne thousand cubic feet of natural gas.
Mcf/dOne thousand cubic feet of natural gas per day.
MMBtuOne million British Thermal Units.
MMBtu/dOne million British Thermal Units per day.
Natural gasHydrocarbon gas found in the earth, composed of methane, ethane, butane, propane and other gases.
OperatorThe individual or company responsible for the exploration and/or production of a crude oil or natural gas well or lease.
ReservesEstimated remaining quantities of crude oil and natural gas and related substances anticipated to be economically producible, as of a given date, by application of development projects to known accumulations. In addition, there must exist, or there must be a reasonable expectation that there will exist, the legal right to produce or a revenue interest in the production, installed means of delivering crude oil and natural gas or related substances to the market and all permits and financing required to implement the project. Reserves should not be assigned to adjacent reservoirs isolated by major, potentially sealing, faults until those reservoirs are penetrated and evaluated as economically producible. Reserves should not be assigned to areas that are clearly separated from a known accumulation by a non-productive reservoir (i.e., potentially recoverable resources from undiscovered accumulations).
ReservoirA porous and permeable underground formation containing a natural accumulation of producible natural gas and/or crude oil that is confined by impermeable rock or water barriers and is separate from other reservoirs.
ThroughputThe volume of product transported or passing through a pipeline, plant, terminal or other facility.

ii

GLOSSARY OF CERTAIN OTHER TERMS
The following is a glossary of certain other terms used in this report:
ASUAccounting Standards Update.
ASCAccounting Standards Codification.
DiamondbackDiamondback Energy, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its subsidiaries other than the Partnership and its subsidiaries (including the Operating Company).
Exchange ActThe Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
FASBFinancial Accounting Standards Board.
GAAPAccounting principles generally accepted in the United States.
General PartnerRattler Midstream GP LLC, a Delaware limited liability company; the general partner of the Partnership and a wholly owned subsidiary of Diamondback.
LIBORThe London interbank offered rate.
LTIPRattler Midstream LP Long Term Incentive Plan.
NasdaqThe Nasdaq Global Select Market.
NotesThe $500.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 5.625% Senior Notes due 2025 issued on July 14, 2020.
OPECOrganization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries.
Operating CompanyRattler Midstream Operating LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and a consolidated subsidiary of the Partnership.
PartnershipRattler Midstream LP, a Delaware limited partnership.
Partnership agreementThe first amended and restated agreement of limited partnership, dated May 28, 2019.
SECSecurities and Exchange Commission.
Securities ActThe Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

iii

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Various statements contained in this report that express a belief, expectation, or intention, or that are not statements of historical fact, are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Exchange Act. These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control. All statements, other than statements of historical fact, regarding our strategy, future operations, financial position, estimated revenues and losses, projected costs, prospects, plans and objectives of management are forward-looking statements. When used in this report, the words “could,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “expect,” “may,” “continue,” “predict,” “potential,” “project,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain such identifying words. In particular, the factors discussed in this report and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 could affect our actual results and cause our actual results to differ materially from expectations, estimates or assumptions expressed, forecasted or implied in such forward-looking statements. Unless the context requires otherwise, references to “we,” “us,” “our” or the “Partnership” are intended to mean the business and operations of the Partnership and its consolidated subsidiaries.

Forward-looking statements may include statements about:

Diamondback’s ability to meet its drilling and development plans on a timely basis or at all;
the volatility of realized oil and natural gas prices, including in Diamondback’s area of operation in the Permian Basin;
the implications and logistical challenges of epidemic or pandemic diseases, including the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic on the oil and natural gas industry, including the impact on pricing and demand for oil and natural gas and the supply chain disruptions during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic;
changes in general economic, business or industry conditions;
conditions in the capital, financial and credit markets;
competitive conditions in our industry and the effect of U.S. energy, environmental, monetary and trade policies;
actions taken by third party operators, gatherers, processors and transporters;
the demand for and costs of conducting midstream infrastructure services;
our ability to successfully implement our business plan;
our ability to complete internal growth projects on time and on budget;
our ability to identify, complete and effectively integrate acquisitions into our operations;
our ability to achieve anticipated synergies, system optionality and accretion associated with acquisitions;
the impact of potential impairment charges;
the results of our investments in joint ventures;
competition from the same and alternative energy sources;
energy efficiency and technology trends;
operating hazards and other risks incidental to our midstream services;
natural disasters, weather-related delays, casualty losses and other matters beyond our control;
the impact of severe weather conditions, including the recent winter storms in the Permian Basin, on Diamondback’s production volumes;
increases in our tax liability;
the effect of existing and future laws and government regulations;
the effects of future litigation; and
certain other factors discussed elsewhere in this report.

iv

All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this report or, if earlier, as of the date they were made. We do not intend to, and disclaim any obligation to, update or revise any forward-looking statements unless required by securities laws. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks emerge from time to time. It is not possible for our management to predict all risks, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements we may make. Although we believe that our plans, intentions and expectations reflected in or suggested by the forward-looking statements we make in this report are reasonable, we can give no assurance that these plans, intentions or expectations will be achieved or occur, and actual results could differ materially and adversely from those anticipated or implied in the forward-looking statements.
v


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION



ITEM 1.     CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

Rattler Midstream LP
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
March 31,December 31,
 20212020
 (In thousands)
Assets  
Current assets:  
Cash$9,760 $23,927 
Accounts receivable—related party46,238 57,447 
Accounts receivable—third party, net7,060 5,658 
Sourced water inventory9,738 10,108 
Other current assets948 1,127 
Total current assets73,744 98,267 
Property, plant and equipment:  
Land85,826 85,826 
Property, plant and equipment1,017,574 1,012,777 
Accumulated depreciation, amortization and accretion(110,491)(100,728)
Property, plant and equipment, net992,909 997,875 
Right of use assets406 574 
Equity method investments525,078 532,927 
Real estate assets, net96,751 96,687 
Intangible lease assets, net4,050 4,262 
Deferred tax asset71,397 73,264 
Other assets4,463 4,732 
Total assets$1,768,798 $1,808,588 
Liabilities and Unitholders’ Equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$524 $139 
Accrued liabilities39,428 42,508 
Taxes payable217 192 
Short-term lease liability406 574 
Asset retirement obligations35 35 
Total current liabilities40,610 43,448 
Long-term debt545,450 569,947 
Asset retirement obligations15,621 15,093 
Total liabilities601,681 628,488 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 14)00
Unitholders’ equity:
General partner—Diamondback879 899 
Common units—public (41,277,589 units issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and 42,356,637 units issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2020)374,432 385,189 
Class B units—Diamondback (107,815,152 units issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and as of December 31, 2020)879 899 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)(30)(123)
Total Rattler Midstream LP unitholders’ equity376,160 386,864 
Non-controlling interest791,060 793,638 
Non-controlling interest in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)(103)(402)
Total equity1,167,117 1,180,100 
Total liabilities and unitholders’ equity$1,768,798 $1,808,588 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
1

Rattler Midstream LP
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
(In thousands, expect per unit amounts)
Revenues:  
Revenues—related party$87,078 $116,583 
Revenues—third party8,121 9,100 
Other income—related party2,540 1,518 
Other income—third party1,069 2,194 
Total revenues98,808 129,395 
Costs and expenses:  
Direct operating expenses32,511 32,874 
Cost of goods sold (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)8,811 15,961 
Real estate operating expenses517 728 
Depreciation, amortization and accretion11,246 12,506 
Impairment and abandonments3,371 
General and administrative expenses4,634 4,514 
(Gain) loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment1,538 
Total costs and expenses61,096 68,121 
Income (loss) from operations37,712 61,274 
Other income (expense):  
Interest income (expense), net(7,310)(2,621)
Income (loss) from equity method investments(2,823)(245)
Total other income (expense), net(10,133)(2,866)
Net income (loss) before income taxes27,579 58,408 
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes1,671 3,820 
Net income (loss)25,908 54,588 
Less: Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interest19,893 41,557 
Net income (loss) attributable to Rattler Midstream LP$6,015 $13,031 
Net income (loss) attributable to limited partners per common unit:
Basic$0.13 $0.28 
Diluted$0.13 $0.28 
Weighted average number of limited partner common units outstanding:
Basic41,742 43,700 
Diluted41,742 43,700 












See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
2

Rattler Midstream LP
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
(In thousands)
Net income (loss)$25,908 $54,588 
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Change in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) of equity method investees attributable to non-controlling interest299 (195)
Change in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) of equity method investees attributable to limited partner93 (63)
Total other comprehensive income (loss)392 (258)
Comprehensive income (loss)$26,300 $54,330 










































See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
3

Rattler Midstream LP
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Unitholders’ Equity
(Unaudited)


Limited PartnersGeneral PartnerNon-Controlling InterestAccumulated Other Comprehensive IncomeNon-Controlling Interest-Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
Common UnitsAmountClass B UnitsAmountAmountAmountAmountAmountTotal
(In thousands)
Balance at December 31, 202042,357 $385,189 107,815 $899 $899 $793,638 $(123)$(402)$1,180,100 
Repurchased units as part of unit buyback(1,082)(11,114)— — — — — (11,114)
Unit-based compensation— 2,332 — — — — — — 2,332 
Issuance of common units— — — — — — — — 
Accumulated other comprehensive income— — — — — — 93 299 392 
Distribution equivalent rights payments— (418)— — — — — — (418)
Change in ownership of consolidated subsidiaries, net— 712 — — — (908)— — (196)
Cash paid for tax withholding on vested common units— (21)— — — — — — (21)
Distributions— (8,263)— (20)(20)(21,563)— — (29,866)
Net income (loss)— 6,015 — — — 19,893 — — 25,908 
Balance at March 31, 202141,278 $374,432 107,815 $879 $879 $791,060 $(30)$(103)$1,167,117 

Limited PartnersGeneral PartnerNon-Controlling InterestAccumulated Other Comprehensive IncomeNon-Controlling Interest-Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
Common UnitsAmountClass B UnitsAmountAmountAmountAmountAmountTotal
(In thousands)
Balance at December 31, 201943,700 $737,777 107,815 $979 $979 $376,928 $(198)$(625)$1,115,840 
Unit-based compensation— 2,219 — — — — — — 2,219 
Distribution equivalent rights payments— (652)— — — — — — (652)
Other comprehensive income (loss)— — — — — — (63)(195)(258)
Distributions— (12,673)— (20)(20)(31,266)— — (43,979)
Net income (loss)— 13,031 — — — 41,557 — — 54,588 
Balance at March 31, 202043,700 $739,702 107,815 $959 $959 $387,219 $(261)$(820)$1,127,758 







See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
4

Rattler Midstream LP
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)

 Three Months Ended March 31,
 20212020
 (In thousands)
Cash flows from operating activities: 
Net income (loss)$25,908 $54,588 
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities: 
Provision for deferred income taxes1,671 3,820 
Depreciation, amortization and accretion11,246 12,506 
(Gain) loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment1,538 
Impairment and abandonments3,371 
Unit-based compensation expense2,332 2,219 
(Income) loss from equity method investments2,823 245 
Other503 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities: 
Accounts receivable—related party11,209 31,674 
Accounts payable, accrued liabilities and taxes payable(6,092)(8,540)
Other(309)(63)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities52,668 97,987 
Cash flows from investing activities: 
Additions to property, plant and equipment(5,860)(52,046)
Contributions to equity method investments(3,663)(32,563)
Distributions from equity method investments9,107 9,761 
Other42 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities(416)(74,806)
Cash flows from financing activities: 
Proceeds from borrowings from credit facility12,000 27,000 
Payments on credit facility(37,000)
Repurchased units as part of unit buyback(11,114)
Distribution to public(8,263)(12,673)
Distribution to Diamondback(21,583)(31,286)
Other(459)(672)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities(66,419)(17,631)
Net increase (decrease) in cash(14,167)5,550 
Cash at beginning of period23,927 10,633 
Cash at end of period$9,760 $16,183 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing activity: 
Accrued liabilities related to capital expenditures$8,725 $5,328 











See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
5

Rattler Midstream LP
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

1.    ORGANIZATION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

Organization

The Partnership is a publicly traded Delaware limited partnership focused on owning, operating, developing and acquiring midstream infrastructure assets in the Midland and Delaware Basins of the Permian Basin.

As of March 31, 2021, the General Partner held a 100% general partner interest in the Partnership. Diamondback owns all of the Partnership’s 107,815,152 Class B units that provide a 72% voting interest. Diamondback owns and controls the General Partner.

As of March 31, 2021, the Partnership owned a 28% controlling membership interest in the Operating Company and Diamondback owned, through its ownership of the Operating Company units, a 72% economic, non-voting interest in the Operating Company. As required by GAAP, the Partnership consolidates 100% of the assets and operations of the Operating Company in its financial statements and reflects a non-controlling interest attributable to Diamondback. In addition to the Operating Company, other consolidated subsidiaries of the Partnership include Tall City Towers LLC (“Tall Towers”), Rattler Ajax Processing LLC and Rattler OMOG LLC.

The Partnership also owns indirect interests in Amarillo Rattler, LLC (“Amarillo Rattler”), OMOG JV LLC (“OMOG”), EPIC Crude Holdings, LP (“EPIC”), EPIC Crude Holdings GP, LLC, Wink to Webster Pipeline LLC (“Wink to Webster”) and Gray Oak Pipeline, LLC (“Gray Oak”), which are accounted for as equity method investments as discussed further in Note 6— Equity Method Investments.

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto were prepared in accordance with GAAP. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated upon consolidation. The Partnership reports its operations in 1 reportable segment. Effective in the first quarter of fiscal 2021, the Partnership determined the former real estate operations segment no longer met the criteria to be an operating segment due to a change in focus and the relative immateriality of the activity.

These condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared by the Partnership without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC. They reflect all adjustments that are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair statement of the results for interim periods, on a basis consistent with the annual audited financial statements. All such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature. Certain information, accounting policies and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been omitted pursuant to SEC rules and regulations, although the Partnership believes the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. This Quarterly Report on Form 10–Q should be read in conjunction with the Partnership’s most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020, which contains a summary of the Partnership’s significant accounting policies and other disclosures.

Reclassifications

Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period financial statement presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on the previously reported total assets, total liabilities, unitholders’ equity, results of operations or cash flows.

2.    SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Use of Estimates

Certain amounts included in or affecting the Partnership’s financial statements and related notes must be estimated by management, requiring certain assumptions to be made with respect to values or conditions that cannot be known with certainty at the time the financial statements are prepared. These estimates and assumptions affect the amounts the Partnership reports for assets and liabilities and the Partnership’s disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements.

6

Rattler Midstream LP
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - Continued
(Unaudited)
Making accurate estimates and assumptions is particularly difficult in the oil and natural gas industry given the challenges resulting from volatility in oil and natural gas prices. For instance, in 2020, the effects of COVID-19, and actions by OPEC members and other exporting nations on the supply and demand in global oil and natural gas markets, resulted in significant negative pricing pressure in the first half of 2020, followed by a recovery in pricing in the second half of 2020 and into 2021. Many companies in the oil and natural gas industry, including Diamondback, changed their business plans in response to changing market conditions. Such circumstances generally increase the uncertainty in the Partnership’s accounting estimates, particularly those involving financial forecasts.

The Partnership evaluates these estimates on an ongoing basis, using historical experience, consultation with experts and other methods it considers reasonable in each particular circumstance. Nevertheless, actual results may differ significantly from the Partnership’s estimates. Any effects on the Partnership’s business, financial position or results of operations resulting from revisions to these estimates are recorded in the period in which the facts that give rise to the revision become known. Significant items subject to such estimates and assumptions include, but are not limited to, (i) revenue accruals, (ii) the fair value of long-lived assets, (iii) asset retirement obligations and (iv) income taxes.

Accrued Liabilities

Accrued liabilities consist of the following as of the dates indicated:
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
(In thousands)
Direct operating expenses accrued$18,987 $18,160 
Capital expenditures accrued8,725 5,328 
Interest expense accrued5,859 12,969 
Sourced water purchases accrued4,208 3,597 
Other1,649 2,454 
Total accrued liabilities$39,428 $42,508 

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

The following table provides changes in the components of accumulated other comprehensive income, net of related income tax effects (in thousands):
Balance as of December 31, 2020$(525)
Other comprehensive income (loss)392 
Balance as of March 31, 2021$(133)

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Recently Adopted Pronouncements

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, “Income Taxes (Topic 740) - Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes.” This update is intended to simplify the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions and by clarifying and amending existing guidance. This update is effective for public business entities beginning after December 15, 2020, with early adoption permitted. The Partnership adopted this update effective January 1, 2021. The adoption of this update did not have a material impact on its financial position, results of operations or liquidity.

The Partnership considers the applicability and impact of all ASUs. ASUs not discussed above were assessed and determined to be either not applicable or clarifications of ASUs previously disclosed.

3.    REVENUE FROM CONTRACTS WITH CUSTOMERS

The Partnership generates revenues by charging fees on a per unit basis for gathering crude oil and natural gas, delivering and storing sourced water, and collecting, recycling and disposing of produced water.

7

Rattler Midstream LP
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - Continued
(Unaudited)
Surface revenue, rental and real estate income and amortization of out of market leases are outside the scope of ASC Topic 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers.”

Disaggregation of Revenue

In the following table, revenue is disaggregated by type of service and type of fee:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
(In thousands)
Type of Service:
Produced water gathering and disposal$66,328 $81,348 
Sourced water gathering16,577 30,767 
Crude oil gathering6,791 7,777 
Natural gas gathering5,400 4,930 
Real estate contracts (non ASC 606 revenues)3,609 3,712 
Surface revenue (non ASC 606 revenues)103 861 
Total revenues$98,808 $129,395 

4.    REAL ESTATE ASSETS
The following schedules present the cost and related accumulated depreciation or amortization (as applicable) of the Partnership’s real estate assets and intangible lease assets:
As of
Estimated Useful LivesMarch 31, 2021December 31, 2020
(Years)(In thousands)
Buildings20-30$103,979 $102,918 
Tenant improvements154,506 4,506 
LandN/A2,437 2,437 
Land improvements15484 484 
Total real estate assets111,406 110,345 
Less: accumulated depreciation(14,655)(13,658)
Total investment in real estate, net$96,751 $96,687 

As of
Weighted Average Useful LivesMarch 31, 2021December 31, 2020
(Months)(In thousands)
In-place lease intangibles45$11,435 $11,405 
Less: accumulated amortization(9,149)(8,980)
In-place lease intangibles, net2,286 2,425 
Above-market lease intangibles453,623 3,623 
Less: accumulated amortization(1,859)(1,786)
Above-market lease intangibles, net1,764 1,837 
Total intangible lease assets, net$4,050 $4,262 

Depreciation and amortization expense for real estate assets was $1.2 million and $1.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

8

Rattler Midstream LP
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - Continued
(Unaudited)
The following table presents the Partnership’s estimated amortization expense related to lease intangibles for the periods indicated (in thousands):
Remainder of
20212022202320242025Thereafter
$502 $562 $674 $785 $811 $716 

5.    PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

The following table sets forth the Partnership’s property, plant and equipment:
As of
 EstimatedMarch 31,December 31,
 Useful Lives20212020
 (Years)(In thousands)
Produced water disposal systems10-30$657,200 $654,545 
Crude oil gathering systems(1)
30134,644 133,998 
Natural gas gathering and compression systems(1)
10-30113,455 112,072 
Sourced water gathering systems(1)
30112,275 112,162 
Total property, plant and equipment1,017,574 1,012,777 
Less: accumulated depreciation, amortization and accretion(110,491)(100,728)
LandN/A85,826 85,826 
Total property, plant and equipment, net$992,909 $997,875 
(1)Included in gathering systems are $16.8 million and $27.5 million of assets at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, that are not subject to depreciation, amortization and accretion as the systems were under construction and had not yet been put into service.

Depreciation expense related to property, plant and equipment was $9.8 million and $10.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Capitalized internal costs and capitalized interest related to property, plant and equipment were immaterial for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

The Partnership evaluates its long-lived assets for potential impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate it is more likely than not that the carrying amount of the asset, or set of assets, is greater than the fair value. An impairment involves comparing the estimated future undiscounted cash flows of an asset with the carrying amount. If the carrying amount of the asset exceeds the estimated future undiscounted cash flows, then an impairment charge is recorded for the difference between the estimated fair value of the asset and its carrying value. Impairment charges related to abandoned projects totaling $3.4 million were recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2021. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Partnership incurred immaterial losses related to weather damage at certain produced water disposal facilities, which are reflected in (gain) loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment in the condensed consolidated statement of operations. It is possible that circumstances requiring additional impairment testing will occur in future interim periods, which could result in potentially material impairment charges being recorded.

9

Rattler Midstream LP
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - Continued
(Unaudited)
6.    EQUITY METHOD INVESTMENTS

The following table presents the carrying values of the Partnership’s equity method investments as of the dates indicated:
Ownership InterestMarch 31, 2021December 31, 2020
(In thousands)
EPIC Crude Holdings, LP10 %$115,844 $120,863 
Gray Oak Pipeline, LLC10 %126,893 130,353 
Wink to Webster Pipeline LLC (1)
%85,731 82,631 
OMOG JV LLC60 %191,492 193,726 
Amarillo Rattler, LLC (2)
50 %5,118 5,354 
Total$525,078 $532,927 
(1)The Wink to Webster joint venture is developing a crude oil pipeline (the “Wink to Webster pipeline”). The Wink to Webster pipeline’s main segment began interim service operation in the fourth quarter of 2020, and the joint venture is expected to begin full commercial operations in the fourth quarter of 2021.
(2)On April 30, 2021, the Partnership sold its interest in the Amarillo Rattler joint venture. See Note 15 Subsequent Events for further discussion.

The following table summarizes the income (loss) of equity method investees reflected in the condensed consolidated statement of operations for the periods indicated:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
(In thousands)
EPIC Crude Holdings, LP$(5,436)$(2,183)
Gray Oak Pipeline, LLC2,298 582 
Wink to Webster Pipeline LLC(563)188 
OMOG JV LLC1,115 1,334 
Amarillo Rattler, LLC(237)(166)
Total$(2,823)$(245)

The Partnership reviews its equity method investments to determine if a loss in value which is other than temporary has occurred. If such a loss has occurred, the Partnership recognizes an impairment provision. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Partnership’s loss from equity method investments includes a proportional charge of $2.9 million representing impairment recorded by the investee associated with abandoned projects. NaN other impairments were recorded for the Partnership’s equity method investments for the three months ended March 31, 2021 or 2020. The entities in which the Partnership is invested all serve customers in the oil and natural gas industry, which has been experiencing economic challenges as described above. It is possible that prolonged industry challenges could result in circumstances requiring impairment testing, which could result in potentially material impairment charges in future interim periods.

7.    DEBT

Long-term debt consisted of the following as of the dates indicated:
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
(In thousands)
5.625% Senior Notes due 2025$500,000 $500,000 
Operating Company revolving credit facility54,000 79,000 
Unamortized debt issuance costs(8,550)(9,053)
Total long-term debt$545,450 $569,947 

10

Rattler Midstream LP
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - Continued
(Unaudited)
The Operating Company’s Revolving Credit Facility

The Operating Company’s credit agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) provides for a revolving credit facility in the maximum amount of $600.0 million, which is expandable to $1.0 billion upon the Partnership’s election, subject to obtaining additional lender commitments and satisfaction of customary conditions. Loan principal may be optionally repaid from time to time without premium or penalty (other than customary LIBOR breakage), and is required to be paid at the maturity date of May 28, 2024. As of March 31, 2021, the Operating Company had $54.0 million of outstanding borrowings and $546.0 million available for future borrowings under the Credit Agreement. During the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, the weighted average interest rate on borrowings under the Credit Agreement was 1.40% and 2.79%, respectively.

As of March 31, 2021, the Operating Company was in compliance with all financial maintenance covenants under the Credit Agreement.

2025 Senior Notes

On July 14, 2020, the Partnership completed a notes offering (the “Notes Offering”) of $500.0 million in aggregate principal amount of its 5.625% Senior Notes due 2025 (the “Notes”). Interest on the Notes is payable on January 15 and July 15 of each year, beginning on January 15, 2021. The Notes mature on July 15, 2025. The Partnership received net proceeds of approximately $489.5 million from the Notes Offering. The Partnership loaned the gross proceeds to the Operating Company, which used such proceeds to pay down borrowings under the Credit Agreement.

The Notes are senior unsecured obligations of the Partnership, rank equally in right of payment with all of the Partnership’s existing and future senior indebtedness it may incur and initially are guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by the Operating Company, Tall Towers, Rattler OMOG LLC and Rattler Ajax Processing LLC. Neither Diamondback nor the General Partner guarantee the Notes. In the future, each of the Partnership’s restricted subsidiaries that either (i) guarantees any of its or a guarantor’s other indebtedness or (ii) is classified as a domestic restricted subsidiary under the indenture governing the Notes and is an obligor with respect to any indebtedness under any credit facility will be required to guarantee the Notes.

8.    UNIT-BASED COMPENSATION

On May 22, 2019, the board of directors of the General Partner adopted the Rattler Midstream LP Long Term Incentive Plan (“LTIP”) for employees, consultants and directors of the General Partner and any of its affiliates, including Diamondback, who perform services for the Partnership. The LTIP provides for the grant of unit options, unit appreciation rights, restricted units, unit awards, phantom units, distribution equivalent rights, cash awards, performance awards, other unit-based awards and substitute awards. As of March 31, 2021, a total of 14,842,071 common units had been reserved for issuance pursuant to the LTIP. Common units that are cancelled, forfeited or withheld to satisfy exercise prices or tax withholding obligations will be available for delivery pursuant to other awards. The LTIP is administered by the board of directors of the General Partner or a committee thereof.

Phantom Units

Under the LTIP, the board of directors of the General Partner is authorized to issue phantom units to eligible employees and non-employee directors. The Partnership estimates the fair value of phantom units based on the closing price of the Partnership’s common units on the grant date of the award, and expenses this value over the applicable vesting period. Upon vesting, the phantom units entitle the recipient to one common unit of the Partnership for each phantom unit. The recipients are also entitled to distribution equivalent rights, which represent the right to receive a cash payment equal to the value of the distributions paid on one phantom unit between the grant date and the vesting date. 

11

Rattler Midstream LP
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - Continued
(Unaudited)
The following table presents the phantom unit activity under the LTIP for the three months ended March 31, 2021:
Phantom
Units
Weighted Average
Grant-Date
Fair Value
Unvested at December 31, 20202,089,668 $17.07 
Granted210,631 $11.01 
Vested(4,755)$12.59 
Forfeited(13,385)$5.79 
Unvested at March 31, 20212,282,159 $16.59 

The aggregate fair value of phantom units that vested during the three months ended March 31, 2021 was $0.1 million. As of March 31, 2021, the unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested phantom units was $30.2 million, and is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 3.04 years. For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, the Partnership incurred $2.3 million and $2.2 million, respectively, of unit–based compensation expense.

9.    UNITHOLDERS’ EQUITY AND DISTRIBUTIONS

The Partnership has general partner and limited partner units. At March 31, 2021, the Partnership had a total of 41,277,589 common units issued and outstanding and 107,815,152 Class B units issued and outstanding, of which 0 common units and 107,815,152 Class B units, representing approximately 72% of the Partnership’s total units outstanding, were beneficially owned by Diamondback. Diamondback also beneficially owns 107,815,152 Operating Company units, representing a 72% economic, non-voting interest in the Operating Company. The Operating Company units and the Partnership’s Class B units beneficially owned by Diamondback are exchangeable from time to time for the Partnership’s common units (that is, 1 Operating Company unit and 1 Partnership Class B unit, together, will be exchangeable for 1 Partnership common unit).

Common Unit Repurchase Program

On October 29, 2020, the board of directors of the General Partner approved a common unit repurchase program to acquire up to $100 million of the Partnership’s outstanding common units. The common unit repurchase program is authorized to extend through December 31, 2021 and the Partnership intends to purchase common units under the repurchase program opportunistically with cash on hand and free cash flow from operations. The repurchase program may be suspended from time to time, modified, extended or discontinued by the board of directors of the General Partner at any time. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Partnership repurchased approximately $11.1 million of common units under the repurchase program. As of March 31, 2021, $74.1 million remained available for use to repurchase common units under the Partnership’s common unit repurchase program.

Changes in Ownership of Consolidated Subsidiaries

Non-controlling interest in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements represents Diamondback’s ownership in the net assets of the Operating Company. Diamondback’s relative ownership interest in the Operating Company can change due to the Partnership’s public offerings, issuance of units for acquisitions, issuance of unit-based compensation, repurchases of common units and distribution equivalent rights paid on the Partnership’s units. These changes in ownership percentage and the disproportionate allocation of net income to Diamondback discussed below result in adjustments to non-controlling interest and common unitholder equity, tax effected. The following table summarizes changes in the ownership interest in consolidated subsidiaries during the period:
Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
(In thousands)
Net income (loss) attributable to the Partnership$6,015 
Change in ownership of consolidated subsidiaries712 
Change from net income (loss) attributable to the Partnership's unitholders and transfers to non-controlling interest$6,727 

There were 0 changes in ownership of consolidated subsidiaries during the three months ended March 31, 2020.

12

Rattler Midstream LP
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - Continued
(Unaudited)
Cash Distributions on Common Units

The board of directors of the General Partner sets and administers the cash distribution policies for the Partnership and the Operating Company. Cash distributions paid by the Operating Company to Diamondback and the Partnership as the holders of the Operating Company’s common units are determined by the board of directors of the General Partner on a quarterly basis. The partnership agreement does not require the Partnership to pay minimum distributions to its common unitholders on a quarterly or other basis, and the Partnership does not employ structures intended to consistently maintain or increase distributions over time. On April 28, 2021, the board of directors of the General Partner approved a cash distribution for the first quarter of 2021 of 0.20 per Operating Company unit and per common unit. Distributions due to common unitholders are payable on May 21, 2021, to common unitholders of record at the close of business on May 14, 2021. The board of directors of the General Partner may change the distribution policies at any time and from time to time.

The following table presents information regarding cash distributions approved by the board of directors of the General Partner and paid during the three months ended March 31, 2021:
Distributions
(in thousands)
PeriodAmount per UnitOperating Company Distributions to DiamondbackCommon UnitholdersDeclaration DateUnitholder Record DatePayment Date
Q4 2020$0.20 $21,563 $8,263 February 17, 2021March 8, 2021March 15, 2021

10.    EARNINGS PER COMMON UNIT

Earnings per common unit on the condensed consolidated statements of operations is based on the net income of the Partnership for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, which is the amount of net income that is attributable to the Partnership’s common units. The Partnership’s net income is allocated wholly to the common units, as the General Partner does not have an economic interest.

Basic and diluted earnings per common unit is calculated using the two-class method. The two-class method is an earnings allocation proportional to the respective ownership among holders of common units and participating securities. Basic earnings per common unit is calculated by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of common units outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per common unit also considers the dilutive effect of unvested common units granted under the LTIP, calculated using the treasury stock method.
Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
(In thousands, except per unit amounts)
Net income (loss) attributable to Rattler Midstream LP$6,015 $13,031 
Less: net (income) loss allocated to participating securities(1)
(418)(652)
Net income (loss) attributable to common unitholders$5,597 $12,379 
Weighted average common units outstanding:
Basic weighted average common units outstanding41,742 43,700 
Effect of dilutive securities:
Potential common units issuable(2)
Diluted weighted average common units outstanding41,742 43,700 
Net income per common unit, basic$0.13 $0.28 
Net income per common unit, diluted$0.13 $0.28 
(1)    Distribution equivalent rights granted to employees are considered participating securities.
(2)    For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, 0 potential common units were included in the computation of diluted earnings per unit because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive under the treasury stock method for the periods presented. However, such potential common units could dilute basic earnings per unit in future periods.

13

Rattler Midstream LP
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - Continued
(Unaudited)
11.    RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

Related party transactions include transactions with Diamondback. Among other agreements, the Partnership is a party to the following related party agreements with Diamondback.

Commercial Agreements

The Partnership derives substantially all of its revenue from its commercial agreements with Diamondback for the provision of midstream services. Revenues generated from commercial agreements with Diamondback consist of the following:

Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
(In thousands)
Produced water gathering and disposal$64,306 $79,101 
Sourced water gathering15,243 30,003 
Natural gas gathering5,400 4,930 
Crude oil gathering2,030 2,533 
Surface revenue99 16 
Total$87,078 $116,583 

12.    INCOME TAXES

The Partnership’s effective income tax rates were 6.1% and 6.5% for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The decrease in the effective income tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2021, as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020, is primarily due to the impact of income attributable to the non-controlling interest and to state income taxes for the period.

For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, net income from continuing operations reflects income tax expense of $1.7 million and $3.8 million, respectively. Total income tax expense for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 differed from applying the U.S. statutory corporate income tax rate to pre-tax income primarily due to income attributable to the non-controlling interest and to state income taxes, net of federal benefit.

The Partnership’s total net deferred tax assets consist primarily of the tax basis over the financial statement carrying value of its investment in the Operating Company and of net operating loss carryforwards. As a result of management’s assessment each period, including consideration of all available positive and negative evidence, management continued to determine that it is more likely than not that the Partnership will realize its deferred tax assets as of March 31, 2021.

The American Rescue Plan was enacted on March 11, 2021 and the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act was enacted on March 27, 2020, which included a number of provisions applicable to U.S. income taxes for corporations. The Partnership has considered the impact of this legislation in the period of enactment and concluded there was not a material impact to the Partnership’s current or deferred income tax balances.

13.    FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Valuation techniques used to measure fair value must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs.

The fair value hierarchy is based on three levels of inputs, of which the first two are considered observable and the last unobservable, that may be used to measure fair value. The Partnership’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurements requires judgment and may affect the valuation of the assets and liabilities being measured and their placement within the fair value hierarchy. The Partnership uses appropriate valuation techniques based on available inputs to measure the fair values of its assets and liabilities.

14

Rattler Midstream LP
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - Continued
(Unaudited)
Level 1 - Observable inputs that reflect unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets as of the reporting date.

Level 2 - Observable market-based inputs or unobservable inputs that are corroborated by market data. These are inputs other than quoted prices in active markets included in Level 1, which are either directly or indirectly observable as of the reporting date.

Level 3 - Unobservable inputs that are not corroborated by market data and may be used with internally developed methodologies that result in management’s best estimate of fair value.

Financial assets and liabilities are classified based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis

The following table provides the fair value of financial instruments that are not recorded at fair value in the condensed consolidated balance sheets:

March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Carrying Value(1)
Fair Value
Carrying Value(1)
Fair Value
(In thousands)
Debt:
5.625% Senior Notes due 2025$491,450 $521,950 $490,947 $528,125 
Operating Company revolving credit facility$54,000 $54,000 $79,000 $79,000 
(1) The carrying value includes associated deferred loan costs and any remaining discount or premium, if any.

The fair value of the Operating Company’s revolving credit facility approximates its carrying value based on borrowing rates available to the Partnership for bank loans with similar terms and maturities and is classified as Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy. The fair value of the Notes was determined using the March 31, 2021 quoted market price, a Level 1 classification in the fair value hierarchy.

Fair Value of Financial Assets

The Partnership has other financial instruments consisting of cash, accounts receivable, other current assets, accounts payable, accrued liabilities and various other current liabilities. The carrying value of these instruments approximates fair value because of the short-term nature of the instruments.

14.    COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

The Partnership may be a party to various routine legal proceedings, disputes and claims from time to time arising in the ordinary course of its business, including those that arise from interpretation of federal and state laws and regulations regarding air and water quality, hazardous and solid waste disposal and other environmental matters. The Partnership’s management believes there are currently no such matters that, if decided adversely, will have a material adverse effect on the Partnership’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

Commitments

As of March 31, 2021, the Partnership’s anticipated future capital commitments for its equity method investments include $8.7 million for the remainder of 2021 and $25.9 million in aggregate and reflect a reduction in future commitments due to the sale of Amarillo Rattler in April 2021.

15

Rattler Midstream LP
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - Continued
(Unaudited)

15.    SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

Cash Distribution

On April 28, 2021, the board of directors of the General Partner approved a cash distribution for the first quarter of 2021 of 0.20 per common unit, payable on May 21, 2021, to unitholders of record at the close of business on May 14, 2021.

Divestitures

On April 22, 2021, the Partnership signed a definitive agreement to sell 1 of its real estate properties located in Midland, Texas for estimated proceeds of $10 million, subject to certain closing adjustments. This transaction is expected to close in the second quarter of 2021.

On April 30, 2021, each of Rattler and its joint venture partner Amarillo Midstream, LLC sold its 50% interest in Amarillo Rattler to EnLink Midstream Operating, LP for aggregate total gross potential consideration of $75 million, consisting of $50 million at closing, $10 million upon the first anniversary of closing and up to $15 million in contingent earn-out payments over a three-year span based upon Diamondback's development activity. Net of transaction expenses and working capital adjustments, the Partnership received $23.5 million at closing, with an incremental $5 million due in April 2022 and could receive up to $7.5 million in contingent payments from 2023 to 2025.

16

ITEM 2.         MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto presented in this report as well as our audited financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020. The following discussion contains “forward-looking statements” that reflect our future plans, estimates, beliefs and expected performance. Actual results and the timing of events may differ materially from those contained in these forward-looking statements due to a number of factors. See “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.”

Overview

We are a Delaware limited partnership formed by Diamondback in July 2018 to own, operate, develop and acquire midstream infrastructure assets in the Midland and Delaware Basins of the Permian Basin, one of the most prolific oil producing areas in the world. We have elected to be treated as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

We provide crude oil, natural gas and water-related midstream services (including water sourcing and transportation and produced water gathering and disposal) to Diamondback under long-term, fixed-fee contracts. In addition to our midstream infrastructure assets, we own equity interests in three long-haul crude oil pipelines, which run from the Permian to the Texas Gulf Coast. In addition, we own equity interests in third-party operated gathering systems and processing facilities supported by dedications from Diamondback. We are critical to Diamondback’s development plans because we provide a long-term midstream solution to its increasing crude oil, natural gas and water-related services needs through our robust infield gathering systems and produced water disposal capabilities.

As of March 31, 2021, our general partner held a 100% general partner interest in us. Diamondback held no common units and beneficially owned all of our 107,815,152 outstanding Class B units, representing approximately 72% of our total units outstanding. Diamondback also owns and controls our general partner.

As of March 31, 2021, we owned a 28% controlling membership interest in the Operating Company and Diamondback owns, through its ownership of the Operating Company units, a 72% economic, non-voting interest in the Operating Company. However, as required by GAAP, we consolidate 100% of the assets and operations of the Operating Company in our financial statements and reflect a non-controlling interest.

Recent Developments

COVID-19 and Commodity Prices

In early March 2020, oil prices dropped sharply, and then continued to decline, briefly reaching negative levels, as a result of multiple factors affecting the supply and demand in global oil and natural gas markets, including (i) actions taken by OPEC members and other exporting nations impacting commodity price and production levels, and (ii) a significant decrease in demand due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. However, certain restrictions on conducting business that were implemented in response to the COVID-19 pandemic have since been lifted as improved treatments and vaccinations for COVID-19 have been rolled-out globally since late 2020. As a result, oil and natural gas prices have improved in response to the expected increase in demand for production.

We derive substantially all of our revenue from our commercial agreements with Diamondback, which do not contain minimum volume commitments. In response to the decrease in oil prices in early 2020 discussed above, Diamondback reduced its drilling and development plan on the acreage dedicated to us, which directly and adversely impacted Diamondback’s demand for our midstream services. Diamondback resumed completion activity to stem production declines in the third and fourth quarters of 2020. As a result, we adjusted our operations to this new level of completion and production activity in the second half of 2020 and continue to do so in 2021. We cannot predict the extent to which Diamondback’s business would be impacted if conditions in the energy industry were to deteriorate again, nor can we estimate the impact such conditions would have on Diamondback’s ability to execute its drilling and development plan on the dedicated acreage or to perform under our commercial agreements.

17

During 2021, we expect to continue to reduce operated capital expenditures towards a total of approximately half of 2020 levels. Combined with our equity method joint venture build cycle nearing its end and changing from a net outflow of capital contributions to a net inflow of cash distributions, we believe that this stabilized volume outlook will present a meaningful free cash flow generation even in this depressed commodity price environment.

Divestitures

On April 22, 2021, we signed a definitive agreement to sell one of our real estate properties located in Midland Texas for proceeds of approximately $10 million, subject to certain closing adjustments. This transaction is expected to close in the second quarter of 2021.

On April 30, 2021, we and our joint venture partner, Amarillo Midstream, LLC, sold our respective interests in Amarillo Rattler for aggregate total gross potential consideration of $75 million, consisting of $50 million at closing, $10 million upon the first anniversary of closing and up to $15 million in contingent earn-out payments over a three-year span based upon Diamondback's development activity. Net of transaction expenses and working capital adjustments, we received $23.5 million at closing, with an incremental $5 million due in April 2022, and could receive up to $7.5 million in contingent payments from 2023 to 2025.

Operational Update

Highlights

For the three months ended March 31, 2021, as compared with the three months ended March 31, 2020:

average crude oil gathering volumes were 85,210 Bbl/d, a decrease of 12% year over year;
average natural gas gathering volumes were 130,437 MMBtu/d, an increase of 11% year over year;
average produced water gathering and disposal volumes were 765,588 Bbl/d, a decrease of 19% year over year; and
average sourced water gathering volumes were 267,834 Bbl/d, a decrease of 40% year over year.

Pipeline Infrastructure Assets

The following tables provide information regarding our gathering, compression and transportation system as of March 31, 2021 and utilization for the quarter ended March 31, 2021:
(Miles)(1)
Delaware BasinMidland BasinPermian Total
Crude oil108 46 154 
Natural gas157 — 157 
Produced water274 250 524 
Sourced water27 74 101 
Total566 370 936 
(Capacity/capability)(1)
Delaware BasinMidland BasinPermian TotalUtilization
Crude oil gathering (Bbl/d)210,000 65,000 275,000 31 %
Natural gas compression (Mcf/d)151,000 — 151,000 62 %
Natural gas gathering (Mcf/d)180,000 — 180,000 53 %
Produced water gathering and disposal (Bbl/d)1,330,000 1,805,000 3,135,000 24 %
Sourced water gathering (Bbl/d)120,000 455,000 575,000 47 %
(1)Does not include any assets of the EPIC, Gray Oak, Wink to Webster, Amarillo Rattler or OMOG joint ventures.

18

Factors Impacting Our Business

We expect our business to continue to be affected by the key factors discussed below. Our expectations are based on assumptions made by us and information currently available to us. To the extent our underlying assumptions about, or interpretations of, available information prove to be incorrect, our actual results may vary materially from our expected results.

Sources of Our Revenues

We currently generate a substantial portion of our revenues under fee-based commercial agreements with Diamondback, each with an initial term ending in 2034, utilizing our infrastructure assets or our planned infrastructure assets to provide an array of essential services critical to Diamondback’s upstream operations on certain dedicated acreage in the Delaware and Midland Basins. Our crude oil infrastructure assets consist of gathering pipelines and metering facilities, which collectively gather crude oil for our customers. Our facilities gather crude oil from horizontal and vertical wells in Diamondback’s ReWard, Spanish Trail, Pecos and Glasscock areas within the Permian. Our natural gas gathering and compression system consists of gathering pipelines, compression and metering facilities, which collectively service the production from Diamondback’s Pecos area assets within the Permian. Our water sourcing and distribution assets consist of water wells, hydraulic fracturing pits, pipelines and water treatment facilities, which collectively gather and distribute water from Permian aquifers to the drilling and completion sites through buried pipelines and temporary surface pipelines. Our produced water gathering and disposal system spans approximately 524 miles and consists of gathering pipelines along with produced water disposal wells and facilities which collectively gather and dispose of produced water from operations throughout Diamondback’s Permian acreage.

Our contracts with Diamondback promote cash flow stability and minimize our direct exposure to commodity price fluctuations, since we generally do not own any of the crude oil, natural gas or water that we gather and do not engage in the trading of crude oil or natural gas. However, the volumetric fees we charge are adjusted each calendar year by the amount of percentage change, if any, in the consumer price index from the preceding calendar year. No adjustment will be made if the percentage change would result in a fee below the initial fee set forth in the applicable commercial agreement and any adjustment to the volumetric fees shall not exceed 3% of the then-current fee. Further, the total adjustment of the fees shall never result in a cumulative volumetric fee adjustment of more than 30% of the initial fees set forth in the applicable commercial agreement

Supply and Demand for Crude Oil and Natural Gas

Commodity price fluctuations indirectly influence our activities and results of operations over the long-term, since they can affect production rates and investments by Diamondback and third-parties in the development of new crude oil and natural gas reserves. Generally, drilling and production activity will increase as crude oil and natural gas prices increase. Our throughput volumes depend primarily on the volumes of crude oil and natural gas produced by Diamondback in the Permian and, with respect to sourced water, the number of wells drilled and completed. Commodity prices are volatile and influenced by numerous factors beyond our or Diamondback’s control, including the domestic and global supply of and demand for crude oil and natural gas. The commodities trading markets, as well as other supply and demand factors, may also influence the selling prices of crude oil and natural gas. Furthermore, our ability to execute our development strategy in the Permian will depend on crude oil and natural gas production in that area, which is also affected by the supply of and demand for crude oil and natural gas.

Regulatory Compliance

The regulation of crude oil and natural gas gathering and transportation and water services activities by federal and state regulatory agencies has a significant impact on our business. Our operations are also impacted by new regulations, which have increased the time that it takes to obtain required permits.

Additionally, increased regulation of crude oil and natural gas producers in our areas of operation, including regulation associated with hydraulic fracturing, could reduce regional supply of crude oil, natural gas and water and, therefore, throughput on our infrastructure assets.

19

Results of Operations
    
The following table sets forth selected historical operating data for the periods indicated:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
(In thousands, except operating data)
Revenues:
Revenues—related party$87,078 $116,583 
Revenues—third party8,121 9,100 
Other income—related party2,540 1,518 
Other income—third party1,069 2,194 
Total revenues98,808 129,395 
Costs and expenses:
Direct operating expenses32,511 32,874 
Cost of goods sold (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)8,811 15,961 
Real estate operating expenses517 728 
Depreciation, amortization and accretion11,246 12,506 
Impairment and abandonments3,371 — 
General and administrative expenses4,634 4,514 
(Gain) loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment1,538 
Total costs and expenses61,096 68,121 
Income from operations37,712 61,274 
Other income (expense):
Interest income (expense), net(7,310)(2,621)
Income (loss) from equity method investments(2,823)(245)
Total other income (expense), net(10,133)(2,866)
Net income (loss) before income taxes27,579 58,408 
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes1,671 3,820 
Net income (loss)25,908 54,588 
Less: Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interest19,893 41,557 
Net income (loss) attributable to Rattler Midstream LP$6,015 $13,031 
Operating Data:
Throughput(1)
Crude oil gathering (Bbl/d)85,210 97,293 
Natural gas gathering (MMBtu/d)130,437 117,761 
Produced water gathering and disposal (Bbl/d)765,588 941,628 
Sourced water gathering (Bbl/d)267,834 446,713 
(1)    Does not include any volumes from the EPIC, Gray Oak, Wink to Webster, Amarillo Rattler or OMOG joint ventures.

Comparison of the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020

Revenues

Revenues decreased by $30.6 million to $98.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 from $129.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, primarily due to a reduction in sourced and produced water volumes due to Diamondback’s lower level of drilling and completion activity in the first quarter of 2021.

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Direct Operating Expenses

Direct operating expenses decreased by $0.4 million to $32.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 from $32.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The decrease is largely due to a focus on cost cutting efforts along with a reduction in expenses related to declining volumes in 2021.

Cost of Goods Sold

Cost of goods sold (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) decreased by $7.2 million to $8.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 from $16.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The decrease primarily relates to a reduction in sourced water volumes due to Diamondback’s lower level of drilling and completion activity in the first quarter of 2021.

Depreciation, Amortization and Accretion

Depreciation, amortization and accretion was $11.2 million and $12.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The decrease of $1.3 million was largely due to abandoned and sold assets during the fourth quarter of 2020 and first quarter of 2021, which reduced our asset base. In addition, a large number of assets were placed into service in the first quarter of 2020.

Impairment and Abandonments

Impairment and abandonments expense for the three months ended March 31, 2021 of $3.4 million related to capital projects that were abandoned due to capital budgeting and operational changes in plans.

Interest Expense, Net

Net interest expense was $7.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to $2.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. This increase was primarily due to interest accrued on the notes which were issued in July 2020 and bear interest at a rate of 5.625% per annum.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Adjusted EBITDA

Adjusted EBITDA is a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure used by management and external users of our financial statements, such as industry analysts, investors, lenders and rating agencies. We believe Adjusted EBITDA is useful because it allows us to more effectively evaluate our operating performance and compare the results of our operations period to period without regard to our financing methods or capital structure.

We define Adjusted EBITDA as net income (loss) attributable to Rattler Midstream LP plus net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interest (“net income (loss)”) before income taxes, interest expense (net of amount capitalized), depreciation, amortization and accretion on assets and liabilities of the Operating Company, our proportional depreciation and interest expense related to equity method investments, our proportional impairments and abandonments related to equity method investments, non-cash unit-based compensation expense, impairment and abandonments, (gain) loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment, provision for income taxes and other. The GAAP measure most directly comparable to Adjusted EBITDA is net income (loss). However, Adjusted EBITDA is not a measure of net income (loss) as determined by GAAP. We exclude the items listed above from net income (loss) in arriving at Adjusted EBITDA because these amounts can vary substantially from company to company within our industry depending upon accounting methods and book values of assets, capital structures and the method by which the assets were acquired. Certain items excluded from Adjusted EBITDA are significant components in understanding and assessing a company’s financial performance, such as a company’s cost of capital and tax structure, as well as historic costs of depreciable assets.

Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered an alternative to net income (loss) or any other measure of financial performance or liquidity presented in accordance with GAAP. Our computation of Adjusted EBITDA excludes some, but not all, items that affect net income (loss), and these measures may vary from those of other companies. As a result, Adjusted EBITDA as presented below may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies.

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The following table presents a reconciliation of net income to Adjusted EBITDA for each of the periods indicated:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
(In thousands)
Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Adjusted EBITDA:
Net income (loss) attributable to Rattler Midstream LP$6,015 $13,031 
Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interest19,893 41,557 
Net income (loss)25,908 54,588 
Interest expense, net of amount capitalized7,310 2,621 
Depreciation, amortization and accretion11,246 12,506 
Depreciation and interest expense related to equity method investments10,525 3,766 
Impairments and abandonments related to equity method investments2,933 — 
Non-cash unit-based compensation expense2,332 2,219 
Impairment and abandonments3,371 — 
(Gain) loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment1,538 
Provision for income taxes1,671 3,820 
Other12 (78)
Adjusted EBITDA65,314 80,980 
Less: Adjusted EBITDA attributable to non-controlling interest47,135 57,624 
Adjusted EBITDA attributable to Rattler Midstream LP$18,179 $23,356 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Overview

Our primary sources of liquidity have been cash generated from operations, borrowings under the credit agreement and the issuance of the notes. We believe that cash generated from these sources will be sufficient to meet our short-term working capital requirements and long-term capital expenditure requirements and to make quarterly cash distributions. We do not have any commitment from Diamondback, our general partner or any of their respective affiliates to fund our cash flow deficits or provide other direct or indirect financial assistance to us. Should we require additional capital, the indirect effect of depressed commodity markets and/or adverse macroeconomic conditions may limit our access to, or increase our cost of, capital or make capital unavailable on terms acceptable to us or at all.

Cash Distributions on Common Units

On April 28, 2021, the board of directors of our general partner approved a cash distribution for the first quarter of 2021 of 0.20 per common unit, payable on May 21, 2021, to common unitholders of record at the close of business on May 14, 2021. The board of directors of our general partner may change the distribution policy at any time and from time to time. See Note 9 Unitholders Equity and Distributions for additional discussion of our distribution policy.

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Cash Flows

The following table presents our cash flows for the periods indicated:
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 20212020
 (In thousands)
Cash Flow Data:
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities$52,668 $97,987 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities(416)(74,806)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities(66,419)(17,631)
Net increase (decrease) in cash$(14,167)$5,550 

Operating Activities

Net cash provided by operating activities decreased by $45.3 million during the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020, due primarily to a $30.6 million decline in revenues and an increase in cash paid for interest of $11.7 million. The remaining reduction is largely due to changes in working capital, including the timing of when collections are made on accounts receivable and payments are made on accounts payable and accrued liabilities.

Investing Activities

Net cash used in investing activities was $0.4 million and $74.8 million during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and was primarily related to additions to property, plant and equipment and contributions to our equity method investments, which were partially offset by distributions from our Gray Oak and OMOG equity method investments. The decrease in cash used in investing activities is the result of our equity method joint venture build cycle nearing its end and a change from a net outflow of capital contributions to a net inflow of cash distributions. See Note 6—Equity Method Investments included in the condensed notes to the consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this report for further discussion.

Financing Activities

Net cash used in financing activities was $66.4 million during the three months ended March 31, 2021, and primarily related to distributions of $29.8 million to our unitholders, net payments on the credit facility of $25.0 million and $11.1 million in repurchases of common units under our repurchase program.

Net cash used in financing activities was $17.6 million during the three months ended March 31, 2020, and primarily related to distributions to our unitholders of $44.0 million partially offset by proceeds from borrowings on our credit facility of $27.0 million.

Common Unit Repurchase Program

On October 29, 2020, the board of directors of our general partner approved a common unit repurchase program to acquire up to $100 million of our outstanding common units. The common unit repurchase program is authorized to extend through December 31, 2021 and we intend to purchase common units under the repurchase program opportunistically with cash on hand and free cash flow from operations. The repurchase program may be suspended from time to time, modified, extended or discontinued by the board of directors of our general partner at any time. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we repurchased approximately $11.1 million of common units under the repurchase program. As of March 31, 2021, $74.1 million remained available for use to repurchase common units under our common unit repurchase program.

Capital Requirements and Sources of Liquidity

The midstream energy business is capital intensive, requiring the maintenance of existing gathering systems and other midstream assets and facilities and the acquisition or construction and development of new gathering systems and other midstream assets and facilities. However, with respect to capital expenditures incurred for acquisitions or capital improvements, we have some discretion and control. In a time of reduced operational activity, we may choose to defer a portion of our budgeted capital expenditures until later periods to achieve the desired balance between sources and uses of liquidity and
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prioritize capital projects that we believe have the highest expected returns and potential to generate near-term cash flow. Subject to financing alternatives, we may also increase our capital expenditures significantly to take advantage of opportunities we consider to be attractive. We consistently monitor and may adjust our projected capital expenditures in response to factors both within and outside our control.
For the three months ended March 31, 2021, our total capital expenditures were $5.9 million, of which $3.8 million was related to produced water disposal assets, $0.6 million was related to crude oil gathering assets, $0.4 million was related to natural gas gathering assets and $1.1 million was related to real estate assets. We estimate that our total capital expenditures related to midstream assets for 2021 will be between $60 million and $80 million, excluding our anticipated total capital commitments related to our equity method investments of approximately $10 million to $20 million. We also estimate that our distributions related to our equity method investments will be between $35 million to $45 million. However, this range could decrease due to the continued impact, either directly or indirectly, of the COVID-19 pandemic or depressed crude oil prices on our business.
We own equity interests in the EPIC, Gray Oak, Wink to Webster, Amarillo Rattler and OMOG joint ventures. Each of these joint ventures is accounted for using the equity method. The following table sets forth our cumulative capital contributions and anticipated future capital commitment for each of our equity method investment interests:

Ownership InterestAcquisition DateCumulative Capital Contributions to DateAnticipated Future Capital Commitment
(In thousands)
EPIC Crude Holdings, LP10 %February 1, 2019$136,534 $3,466 
Gray Oak Pipeline, LLC10 %February 15, 2019$142,096 $— 
Wink to Webster Pipeline LLC%July 30, 2019$86,099 $21,901 
OMOG JV LLC60 %October 1, 2019$218,555 $— 
Amarillo Rattler, LLC50 %December 20, 2019$5,200 $500 

As of March 31, 2021, our anticipated future capital commitments for our equity method investments include $8.7 million for the remainder of 2021 and total $25.9 million in aggregate. As discussed in Note 15— Subsequent Events, on April 30, 2021, we sold our investment in Amarillo Rattler, LLC. For further discussion regarding these investments see Note 6 — Equity Method Investment.

Based upon current expectations for 2021, we believe that our cash flows from operations, cash on hand and borrowing under our revolving credit facility will be sufficient to fund our operations and anticipated future capital commitments through the 12-month period following the filing of this report and thereafter.

Indebtedness

The Operating Company’s Revolving Credit Facility

The Operating Company’s credit agreement provides for a revolving credit facility in the maximum credit amount of $600.0 million, which is expandable to $1.0 billion upon our election, subject to obtaining additional lender commitments and satisfaction of customary conditions. As of March 31, 2021, there was $54.0 million of outstanding borrowings, and $546.0 million available for future borrowings, under the Operating Company’s revolving credit facility.

As of March 31, 2021, the Operating Company was in compliance with all financial covenants under its credit agreement.

For additional information regarding the revolving credit facility, see Note 7—Debt included in the condensed notes to the consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this report.


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Notes Offering

On July 14, 2020, we completed an offering of our 5.625% senior notes due 2025 in the aggregate principal amount of $500.0 million. We received net proceeds of approximately $489.5 million from the notes offering. We loaned the gross proceeds of the notes offering to the Operating Company, which used the proceeds from the notes offering to repay then outstanding borrowings under its revolving credit facility. Interest on the notes is payable semi-annually, and the first interest payment was made on January 15, 2021.

Contractual Obligations

Except as may be discussed in Note 7—Debt and Note 14—Commitments and Contingencies included in the condensed notes to the consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this report, there were no material changes to our contractual obligations and other commitments, from those disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.

Critical Accounting Policies

There have been no changes in our critical accounting policies from those disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We currently have no significant off-balance sheet arrangements.

ITEM 3.    QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

We are exposed to market risk, including the effects of adverse changes in commodity prices and interest rates as described below. The primary objective of the following information is to provide quantitative and qualitative information about our potential exposure to market risks. The term “market risk” refers to the risk of loss arising from adverse changes in oil and natural gas prices and interest rates. The disclosures are not meant to be precise indicators of expected future losses, but rather indicators of reasonably possible losses.
Commodity Price Risk

We currently generate the majority of our revenues pursuant to fee-based agreements with Diamondback under which we are paid based on volumetric fees, rather than the underlying value of the commodity. Consequently, our existing operations and cash flows have little direct exposure to commodity price risk. However, Diamondback and our other customers are exposed to commodity price risk, and extended reduction in commodity prices could reduce the production volumes available for our midstream services in the future below expected levels. Although we intend to maintain fee-based pricing terms on both new contracts and existing contracts for which prices have not yet been set, our efforts to negotiate such terms may not be successful, which could have a materially adverse effect on our business.

We may acquire or develop additional midstream assets in a manner that increases our exposure to commodity price risk. Future exposure to the volatility of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids prices could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to make cash distributions to our unitholders.

Credit Risk

We are subject to counterparty credit risk related to our midstream commercial contracts, lease agreements and joint venture receivables. We derive substantially all of our revenue from our commercial agreements with Diamondback. As a result, we are directly affected by changes to Diamondback’s business related to operational and business risks or otherwise. We cannot predict the extent to which Diamondback’s business would be impacted if conditions in the energy industry were to deteriorate, nor can we estimate the impact such conditions would have on Diamondback’s ability to execute its drilling and development program or to perform under our agreements. While we monitor the creditworthiness of purchasers, lessees and joint venture partners with which we conduct business, we are unable to predict sudden changes in solvency of these counterparties and may be exposed to associated risks. Nonperformance by a counterparty could result in significant financial losses.
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Interest Rate Risk

We are subject to market risk exposure related to changes in interest rates on our indebtedness under the Operating Company’s credit agreement. The terms of the credit agreement provide for interest at a rate elected by the Operating Company that is based on the prime rate or LIBOR, in each case plus margins ranging from 0.250% to 1.250% for prime-based loans and 1.250% to 2.250% per annum for LIBOR loans, in each case depending on the Consolidated Total Leverage Ratio (as defined in the credit agreement). The Operating Company is obligated to pay a quarterly commitment fee ranging from 0.250% to 0.375% per annum on the unused portion of the commitment, which fee is also dependent on the Consolidated Total Leverage Ratio.

As of March 31, 2021, we had $54.0 million of outstanding borrowings and $546.0 million available for future borrowings under the credit agreement. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the weighted average interest rate on borrowings under the credit agreement was 1.40%.

ITEM 4.          CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Evaluation of Disclosure Control and Procedures. Under the direction of the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of our general partner, we have established disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act, that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. The disclosure controls and procedures are also intended to ensure that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of our general partner, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives. In addition, the design of disclosure controls and procedures must reflect resource constraints and that management is required to apply judgment in evaluating the benefits of possible controls and procedures relative to their costs.

As of March 31, 2021, an evaluation was performed under the supervision and with the participation of management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of our general partner, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Rule 13a-15(b) under the Exchange Act. Based upon the evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of our general partner have concluded that as of March 31, 2021, our disclosure controls and procedures are effective.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting. There have not been any changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ended March 31, 2021 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, internal controls over financial reporting.

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1.     LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

Due to the nature of our business, we may be involved in various routine legal proceedings, disputes and claims from time to time arising in the ordinary course of our business activities. In the opinion of our management, there are currently no such matters that, if decided adversely, will have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. See Note 14—Commitments and Contingencies included in the condensed notes to the consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this report.

ITEM 1A.     RISK FACTORS

Our business faces many risks. Any of the risks discussed in this report and our other SEC filings could have a material impact on our business, financial position or results of operations. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently believe to be immaterial may also materially impair our business operations, financial condition or future results.

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As of the date of this filing, we continue to be subject to the risk factors previously disclosed in Part I, Item 1A. Risk Factors in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, filed with the SEC on February 25, 2021. There have been no material changes in our risk factors from those described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.

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ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities

None.

Issuer Repurchases of Equity Securities

Our common unit repurchase activity for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was as follows:

Period
Total Number of Units Purchased(1)
Average Price Paid Per Unit (2)
Total Number of Units Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plan
Approximate Dollar Value of Units that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plan (3)
($ in thousands, except per unit amounts)
January 1, 2021 - January 31, 2021433,569$10.02 433,569$80,914 
February 1, 2021 - February 28, 2021411,041$10.28 411,041$76,688 
March 1, 2021 - March 31, 2021239,193$10.72 237,245$74,145 
Total1,083,803$10.27 1,081,855
(1)Includes common units repurchased from employees in order to satisfy tax withholding requirements. Such units are retired immediately upon repurchase.
(2)The average price paid per common unit is net of any commissions paid to repurchase common units.
(3)In October 2020, our board of directors approved a common unit repurchase program to acquire up to $100 million of our outstanding common units through December 31, 2021. This repurchase program may be suspended from time to time, modified, extended or discontinued by the board of directors of our general partner at any time.

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ITEM 6.     EXHIBITS
Exhibit NumberDescription
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
4.1
10.1
21.1
31.1*
31.2*
32.1**
101The following financial information from the Registrant’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2021, formatted in Inline XBRL: (i) Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, (ii) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations, (iii) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income, (iv) Condensed Consolidated Statement of Changes in Unitholders’ Equity, (v) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows and (vi) Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101).
*Filed herewith.
**The certifications attached as Exhibit 32.1 accompany this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, and shall not be deemed “filed” by the Registrant for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

RATTLER MIDSTREAM LP
By:RATTLER MIDSTREAM GP LLC,
its general partner
Date:May 5, 2021By:/s/ Travis D. Stice
Travis D. Stice
Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)
Date:May 5, 2021By:/s/ Teresa L. Dick
Teresa L. Dick
Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer)


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