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BCOW 1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin

Filed: 17 May 21, 4:01pm
Table of Contents

 

 

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from _______________ to _______________

Commission File No. 001-38778

 

 

1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin, Inc.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

 

 

Federal 83-3178316

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

7001 West Edgerton Avenue

Greenfield, Wisconsin

 53220
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)

(414) 421-8200

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

N/A

(Former Name, Former Address and Former Fiscal Year, if Changed Since Last Report)

 

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Trading

Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange

on which registered

Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share BCOW The NASDAQ Stock Market, LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such requirements for the past 90 days.

YES  ☒    NO  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

YES  ☒    NO  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one)

 

Large accelerated filer   Accelerated filer 
Non-accelerated filer   Smaller reporting company 
   Emerging growth company 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

YES  ☐    NO  ☒

4,844,839 shares of the Registrant’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share, were outstanding as of May 17, 2021.

 

 

 


Table of Contents


Table of Contents

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements

1895 BANCORP OF WISCONSIN, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except share and per share data)

 

   March 31,
2021
  December 31,
2020
 
   (unaudited)    

Assets

   

Cash and due from banks

  $81,985  $87,977 

Fed funds sold

   1,496   4,549 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

   83,481   92,526 

Available for sale securities, stated at fair value

   67,940   58,703 

Marketable equity securities, stated at fair value

   3,146   2,992 

Loans held for sale

   2,828   2,484 

Loans, net

   327,565   329,073 

Premises and equipment, net

   6,134   6,275 

Mortgage servicing rights, net

   2,147   1,806 

Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLB) stock, at cost

   3,032   3,032 

Accrued interest receivable

   852   912 

Cash value of life insurance

   13,585   13,485 

Other assets

   6,406   5,469 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

TOTAL ASSETS

  $517,116  $516,757 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

   

Deposits

   377,658   379,848 

Advance payments by borrowers for taxes and insurance

   6,097   2,737 

FHLB advances

   67,912   68,398 

Accrued interest payable

   143   183 

Other liabilities

   5,307   5,583 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total liabilities

   457,117   456,749 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Common stock (par value $0.01 per share)
Authorized—90,000,000 shares at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020
Issued—4,972,064 at March 31, 2021 and 4,961,626 at December 31, 2020
(includes 91,615 and 84,949 unvested shares, respectively)
Outstanding—4,844,839 at March 31, 2021 and 4,834,401 at December 31, 2020
(includes 91,615 and 84,949 unvested shares, respectively)

   49   49 

Additional paid-in capital

   20,180   20,134 

Unallocated common stock of Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP), 159,731 and 161,486 shares at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively

   (1,597  (1,615

Less treasury stock at cost, 127,225 shares at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020

   (1,228  (1,228

Retained earnings

   42,051   41,530 

Accumulated other comprehensive income, net of income taxes

   544   1,138 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

   59,999   60,008 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

  $517,116  $516,757 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

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1895 BANCORP OF WISCONSIN, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(In thousands, except per share amounts) – Unaudited

 

   Three months ended
March 31,
 
   2021   2020 

Interest and dividend income:

    

Loans, including fees

  $3,294   $3,413 

Securities, taxable

   267    407 

Other

   56    41 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total interest and dividend income

   3,617    3,861 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Interest expense:

    

Interest-bearing deposits

   256    850 

Borrowed funds

   200    110 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total interest expense

   456    960 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net interest income

   3,161    2,901 

Provision for loan losses

   —      —   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net interest income after provision for loan losses

   3,161    2,901 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Noninterest income:

    

Service charges and other fees

   222    203 

Loan servicing, net

   574    (14

Net gain on sale of loans

   567    654 

Net gain on sale of securities

   12    7 

Increase in cash surrender value of insurance

   100    99 

Change in market value of marketable equity securities

   131    (324

Other

   4    (19
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total noninterest income

   1,610    606 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Noninterest expense:

    

Salaries and employee benefits

   2,455    1,684 

Foreclosed assets, net

   —      (9

Advertising and promotions

   18    32 

Data processing

   197    183 

Occupancy and equipment

   373    373 

FDIC assessment

   33    19 

Other

   1,013    791 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total noninterest expense

   4,089    3,073 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

   682    434 

Income tax expense

   161    147 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

  $521   $287 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings per common share:

    

Basic

  $0.11   $0.06 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted

  $0.11   $0.06 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Average common shares outstanding:

    

Basic

   4,588,688    4,704,660 

Diluted

   4,697,342    4,705,531 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

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1895 BANCORP OF WISCONSIN, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE (LOSS) INCOME

(In thousands)—Unaudited

 

   Three months ended
March 31,
 
   2021  2020 

Net income

  $521  $287 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Other comprehensive loss:

   

Unrealized holding losses arising during the period

   (801  (163

Reclassification adjustment for gains realized in net income

   (12  (7
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Other comprehensive loss before tax effect

   (813  (170

Tax effect of other comprehensive loss items

   219   46 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax

   (594  (124
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Comprehensive (loss) income

  $(73 $163 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

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1895 BANCORP OF WISCONSIN, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(In thousands) – Unaudited

 

   Common
stock
   Additional
paid-in
capital
  Treasury
Stock
  Unallocated
common
stock of
ESOP
  Retained
earnings
   Accumulated
other
comprehensive
income (loss)
  Total 

Balance as of January 1, 2021

  $49   $20,134  $(1,228 $(1,615 $41,530   $1,138  $60,008 

Net income

   —      —     —     —     521    —     521 

Other comprehensive loss

   —      —     —     —     —      (594  (594

Purchase of treasury stock

   —      —     (15  —     —      —     (15

ESOP shares committed to be released (1,755 shares)

   —      3   —     18   —      —     21 

Issuance of treasury stock – stock compensation plan

   —      (15  15   —     —      —      

Stock compensation expense

   —      58   —     —     —      —     58 
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

 

Balance as of March 31, 2021

  $49   $20,180  $(1,228 $(1,597 $42,051   $544  $59,999 
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

 

Balance as of January 1, 2020

  $49   $19,981  $—    $(1,685 $40,213   $107  $58,665 

Net income

   —      —     —     —     287    —     287 

1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin, Inc. common stock held by PyraMax Bank reclassified to treasury stock

   —      —     (175  —     —      —     (175

Other comprehensive loss

   —      —     —     —     —      (124  (124

ESOP shares committed to be released (1,755 shares)

   —      1   —     17   —      —     18 
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

 

Balance as of March 31, 2020

  $49   $19,982  $(175 $(1,668 $40,500   $(17 $58,671 
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

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1895 BANCORP OF WISCONSIN, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands)—Unaudited

 

   Three months ended
March 31,
 
   2021  2020 
   (unaudited) 

Cash flows from operating activities:

   

Net income

  $521  $287 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash from operating activities:

   

Net amortization of investment securities

   49   68 

Depreciation

   167   167 

Net loss on sale of premises and equipment

   —     33 

Change in fair value of marketable equity securities

   (154  324 

Adjustment to mortgage servicing rights valuation

   (369  324 

Net gain on sale of available for sale securities

   (12  (7

Stock compensation expense

   58   —   

Provision for deferred income tax

   161   186 

Originations of mortgage loans held for sale

   (40,153  (27,365

Proceeds from sales of mortgage loans held for sale

   40,376   27,580 

Net gain on sale of mortgage loans held for sale

   (567  (654

ESOP compensation

   21   18 

Net change in cash value of life insurance

   (100  (99

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

   

Mortgage servicing rights

   28   236 

Accrued interest receivable and other assets

   (818  (566

Accrued interest payable and other liabilities

   (316  (1,462
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net cash used in operating activities

   (1,108  (1,254
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Cash Flows From Investing Activities

   

Proceeds from sales of available for sale securities

   1,018   279 

Maturities, prepayments, and calls of available for sale securities

   2,052   3,961 

Purchases of available for sale securities

   (13,158  —   

Net decrease in loans

   1,508   7,582 

Net capital expenditures for premises and equipment

   (26  (135

Net increase in Federal Home Loan Bank stock

   —     (1,590
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities

   (8,606  10,097 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Cash Flows From Financing Activities

   

Net decrease in deposits

   (2,190  (20,374

Net increase in advance payments by borrowers for taxes and insurance

   3,360   3,741 

Proceeds from issuance of Federal Home Loan Bank advances

   —     38,000 

Principal payments on Federal Home Loan Bank advances

   (486  (9

Purchases of treasury stock

   (15  —   
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

   669   21,358 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

   (9,045  30,201 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

   92,526   11,707 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

  $83,481  $41,908 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Supplemental cash flow information:

   

Cash paid during the year for interest

  $496  $952 

Noncash activities:

   

Loans transferred to loans held for sale

  $—    $124 

Issuance of treasury stock – stock compensation plans

   15   —   

1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin, Inc. common stock held by PyraMax Bank reclassified to treasury stock

   —     175 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

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NOTE 1 – NATURE OF OPERATIONS AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin, Inc. (the “Company,” “we” or “our”) was incorporated under federal law on January 8, 2019 as part of the mutual holding company reorganization of PyraMax Bank, FSB (“PyraMax Bank”), for the purpose of becoming the savings and loan holding company of PyraMax Bank.

PyraMax Bank is a stock savings bank headquartered in Greenfield, Wisconsin. PyraMax Bank operates as a full-service financial institution, providing a full range of financial services, including the granting of commercial, residential, and consumer loans and acceptance of deposits from individual customers and small businesses in the metropolitan Milwaukee, Wisconsin, area. PyraMax Bank is subject to competition from other financial and nonfinancial institutions providing financial products. In addition, PyraMax Bank is subject to the regulations of certain regulatory agencies and undergoes periodic examination by those regulatory agencies.

The Bank has one subsidiary, PyraMax Insurance Services LLC, which offers a comprehensive set of insurance and risk products for personal and business needs.

The accompanying unaudited interim financial statements and the notes thereto have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”). In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited interim financial statements contain all normal recurring adjustments necessary to present fairly the financial positions results of operations, changes in equity and cash flows for the periods presented.

The accompanying unaudited financial statements and related notes should be read in conjunction with the audited annual financial statements and the notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 31, 2021.

In preparing financial statements in conformity with GAAP, management is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the date of the balance sheet, and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Material estimates that are particularly susceptible to significant change in the near term relate to the determination of the allowance for loan losses, the fair values of securities, financial instruments and mortgage servicing rights, and the valuation of deferred income tax assets. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

On April 5, 2012, the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act (the “JOBS Act”) was signed into law. The JOBS Act contains provisions that, among other things, reduce certain reporting requirements for qualifying public companies and define an “emerging growth company.” As an emerging growth company, the Company may delay adoption of new or revised financial accounting standards until such date that the standards are required to be adopted by non-issuer companies. If such standards would not apply to non-issuer companies, no deferral would be applicable. The Company intends to take advantage of the benefits of the extended transition periods allowed under the JOBS Act.

Accordingly, the Company’s financial statements may not be comparable to those of public companies that adopt new or revised financial accounting standards as of an earlier date. The effective dates of the following recent accounting standards reflect those that relate to non-issuer companies.

Impact of COVID-19

On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of a novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) as a global pandemic, which continues to spread throughout the United States and around the world. The declaration of a global pandemic indicates that almost all public commerce and related business activities must be, to varying degrees, curtailed with the goal of decreasing the rate of new infections. The outbreak of COVID-19 could continue to adversely impact a broad range of industries in which the Company’s customers operate and impair their ability to fulfill their financial obligations to the Company. On March 3, 2020, the Federal Open Market Committee reduced the target federal funds rate by 50 basis points to 1.00%. This rate was further reduced to a target range of 0% to 0.25% on March 16, 2020. These reductions in interest rates and other effects of the COVID-19 outbreak may continue to adversely affect the Company’s financial condition and results of operations. As a result of the spread of the COVID-19 coronavirus, economic uncertainties have arisen which may negatively impact our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

Plan of Conversion and Reorganization

On March 2, 2021, the Boards of Directors of 1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin, MHC, 1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin, Inc. and the PyraMax Bank, FSB adopted a Plan of Conversion and Reorganization (the “Plan”). Pursuant to the Plan, 1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin, MHC will convert from the mutual holding company form of organization to the fully public form. 1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin, MHC will be merged into 1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin, Inc., and 1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin, MHC will no longer exist. 1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin, Inc. will then merge into a new Maryland corporation, also named

 

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1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin, Inc. As part of the conversion, 1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin, MHC’s ownership interest in 1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin, Inc. will be offered for sale in a public offering. The existing publicly held shares of 1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin, Inc., which represent the remaining ownership interest in 1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin, Inc., will be exchanged for new shares of common stock of the new Maryland corporation.

The Plan provides for the establishment, upon the completion of the conversion, of special “liquidation accounts” for the benefit of certain depositors of the Bank in an amount equal to 1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin, MHC’s ownership interest in the equity of 1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin, Inc. as of the date of the latest balance sheet contained in the prospectus plus the value of the net assets of 1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin, MHC as of the date of the latest statement of financial condition of 1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin, MHC prior to the consummation of the conversion (excluding its ownership of 1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin, Inc.). The liquidation accounts will be reduced annually to the extent that eligible account holders have reduced their qualifying deposits. Direct costs of the conversion and public offering will be deferred and reduce the proceeds from the shares sold in the public offering.

Subsequent Events

Management has reviewed the Company’s operations for potential disclosure or financial statement impacts related to events occurring after March 31, 2021, but prior to the release of the unaudited consolidated financial statements included in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q. Based on the results of this review, no subsequent event disclosures or financial statement impacts to these unaudited consolidated financial statements are required.

NOTE 2 – RECENT ACCOUNTING STANDARDS

The following Accounting Standards Updates (ASUs) have been issued by the FASB and may impact the Company’s financial statements in future reporting periods:

ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses: Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (Topic 326). ASU 2016-13 requires organizations to measure all expected credit losses for financial instruments held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts. The guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2021. Early adoption will be permitted for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018. On November 15, 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-10, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326), Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815), and Leases (Topic 842): Effective Dates, amending the effective date for this standard. ASU 2016-13 will be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Management has elected to defer adoption to the new effective date and is currently evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2016-13 on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). This ASU affects any entity that enters into a lease, and is intended to increase the transparency and comparability of financial reporting. The ASU requires, among other changes, a lessee to recognize on its balance sheet a lease asset and a lease liability for those leases previously classified as operating leases. The lease asset will represent the right to use the underlying asset for the lease term, and the lease liability will represent the discounted value of the required lease payments to the lessor. The ASU will also require entities to disclose key information about leasing arrangements. ASU 2016-02 is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted. On November 15, 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-10, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326), Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815), and Leases (Topic 842): Effective Dates, amending the effective date for this standard. On June 3, 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-05, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) and Leases (Topic 842): Effective Dates for Certain Entities, updating the effective date for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022. Management has elected to defer adoption to the new effective date and is currently evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2016-02 on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

ASU 2020-04, Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting. This ASU provides temporary optional expedients and exceptions to GAAP guidance on contract modifications and hedge accounting to ease the financial reporting burdens of the expected market transition from LIBOR and other interbank offered rates to alternative rates, such as SOFR. For instance, entities can elect not to apply certain modification accounting requirements to contracts affected by reference rate reform, if certain criteria are met. An entity that makes this election would not have to remeasure the contracts at the modification date or reassess a previous accounting determination. Entities can also elect various optional expedients that would allow them to continue applying hedge accounting for hedging relationships affected by reference rate reform, if certain criteria are met. ASU 2020-04 is

 

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effective March 12, 2020, through December 31, 2022. The Company is in the process of determining which optional expedients to elect, if any, as well as the timing and application of those elections. At this time, the Company does not expect any elections to have a significant impact on its financial statements.

NOTE 3 – AVAILABLE FOR SALE SECURITIES

The amortized costs and fair values of securities available-for-sale were as follows:

 

   March 31, 2021 
   Amortized
Cost
   Gross
Unrealized
Gains
   Gross
Unrealized
Losses
  Fair
Value
 
   (in thousands) 

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

  $11,772   $187   $(289 $11,670 

Government-sponsored mortgage-backed securities

   46,913    861    (181  47,593 

Asset-backed securities

   7,052    64    —     7,116 

Certificates of deposit

   1,458    103    —     1,561 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total

  $67,195   $1,215   $(470 $67,940 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

 
   December 31, 2020 
   Amortized
Cost
   Gross
Unrealized
Gains
   Gross
Unrealized
Losses
  Fair
Value
 
   (in thousands) 

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

  $11,570   $244   $(11 $11,803 

Government-sponsored mortgage-backed securities

   36,886    1,165    (12  38,039 

Asset-backed securities

   7,231    57    (7  7,281 

Certificates of deposit

   1,458    122    —     1,580 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total

  $57,145   $1,588   $(30 $58,703 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

 

Available for sale securities with a carrying value of $1.8 million and $2.0 million were pledged as collateral at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

The amortized costs and fair values of securities available-for-sale, by contractual maturity, are shown below. Actual maturities may differ from contractual maturities because issuers may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties. In addition, expected maturities will differ from contractual maturities for mortgage-backed securities and asset-backed securities, as the expected repayment terms may be less than the underlying mortgage pool contractual maturities. Therefore, these securities are not included in the maturity categories in the maturity summary below.

 

   March 31, 2021 
   Amortized
Cost
   Fair
Value
 
   (in thousands) 

Debt and other securities:

    

Due in one year or less

  $737   $748 

Due after one through 5 years

   4,709    4,872 

Due after 5 through 10 years

   3,495    3,470 

Due after 10 years

   4,289    4,141 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total debt and other securities

   13,230    13,231 

Mortgage-related securities

   46,913    47,593 

Asset-backed securities

   7,052    7,116 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $67,195   $67,940 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

8


Table of Contents

NOTE 3 – AVAILABLE FOR SALE SECURITIES (continued)

 

Gross unrealized losses on securities available-for-sale and the fair values of the related securities, aggregated by investment category and the length of time that individual securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position were as follows:

 

  March 31, 2021 
  Less than 12 months  12 months or longer  Total 
  Fair Value  Unrealized
Loss
  Fair Value  Unrealized
Loss
  Fair Value  Unrealized
Loss
 
  (in thousands) 

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

 $5,173  $(289 $—    $—    $5,173  $(289

Government-sponsored mortgage-backed securities

  19,347   (181  —     —     19,347   (181
 

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total

 $24,520  $(470 $—    $—    $24,520  $(470
 

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 
  December 31, 2020 
  Less than 12 months  12 months or longer  Total 
  Fair Value  Unrealized
Loss
  Fair Value  Unrealized
Loss
  Fair Value  Unrealized
Loss
 
  (in thousands) 

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

 $4,235  $(11 $—    $—    $4,235  $(11

Government-sponsored mortgage-backed securities

  4,984   (12  —     —     4,984   (12

Asset-backed securities

  —     —     638   (7  638   (7
 

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total

 $9,219  $(23 $638  $(7 $9,857  $(30
 

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

At March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, the Company had 9 and 5 debt securities with unrealized losses representing aggregate depreciation of approximately 1.9% and 0.3% from their respective amortized cost bases. These unrealized losses relate principally to changes in interest rates and were not caused by changes in the financial condition of the issuers, the quality of any underlying assets or applicable credit enhancements. In analyzing whether unrealized losses on debt securities are other-than-temporary, management considers whether the securities are issued by a government body or agency, whether a rating agency has downgraded the securities, industry analysts’ reports, the financial condition and performance of the issuer and the quality of any underlying assets or credit enhancements. As management has the intent and ability to hold these debt securities to projected recovery, none of these declines are deemed to be other-than-temporary.

The following table provides a summary of the proceeds from sales of securities available-for-sale, as well as gross gains and losses, for the periods presented:

 

   Three months ended
March 31,
 
   2021   2020 
   (in thousands) 

Proceeds from sales of securities available-for-sale

  $1,018   $279 

Gross realized gains

   12    7 

Gross realized losses

   —      —   

 

9


Table of Contents

NOTE 4 – LOANS

Major classifications of loans are summarized as follows:

 

   March 31,
2021
   December 31,
2020
 
   (in thousands) 

Commercial:

    

Real estate

  $184,400   $189,291 

Land development

   1,475    1,492 

Other

   43,915    46,184 

Residential real estate:

    

First mortgage

   77,934    68,968 

Construction

   2,042    2,954 

Consumer:

    

Home equity and lines of credit

   19,955    22,348 

Other

   273    361 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Subtotal

   329,994    331,598 

Net deferred loan costs

   270    178 

Allowance for loan losses

   (2,699   (2,703
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loans, net

  $327,565   $329,073 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The Company provides several types of loans to its customers, including commercial, residential, construction and consumer loans. Significant loan concentrations are considered to exist for a financial institution when there are amounts loaned to one borrower or to multiple borrowers engaged in similar activities that would cause them to be similarly impacted by economic or other conditions. While the Company’s credit risks are geographically concentrated within the metropolitan Milwaukee, Wisconsin area, there are no concentrations with individual borrowers or groups of related borrowers.

During the normal course of business, the Company may transfer a portion of a loan as a participation loan to another financial institution in order to manage portfolio risk. In order to be eligible for sales treatment, all cash flows from the loan must be divided proportionately, and rights of each loan holder must have the same priority, the loan holders must have no recourse to the transferor other than standard representations and warranties, and no loan holder can have the right to pledge or exchange the entire loan. As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, the Company had transferred $31.8 million and $29.6 million in participation loans which were eligible for sales treatment to other financial institutions, all of which were being serviced by the Company.

An analysis of past due loans is presented below:

 

   March 31, 2021 
   30-89 Days
Past Due
   90 Days or
More Past
Due
   Total Past
Due
   Current   Total Loans 
   (in thousands) 

Commercial:

          

Real estate

  $—     $—     $—     $184,400   $184,400 

Land development

   —      —      —      1,475    1,475 

Other

   —      —      —      43,915    43,915 

Residential real estate:

          

First mortgage

   918    —      918    77,016    77,934 

Construction

   —      —      —      2,042    2,042 

Consumer:

          

Home equity and lines of credit

   28    5    33    19,922    19,955 

Other

   —      —      —      273    273 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $946   $5   $951   $329,043   $329,994 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

10


Table of Contents

NOTE 4 – LOANS (continued)

 

   December 31, 2020 
   30-89 Days
Past Due
   90 Days or
More Past
Due
   Total Past
Due
   Current   Total Loans 
   (in thousands) 

Commercial:

          

Real estate

  $241   $—     $241   $189,050   $189,291 

Land development

   —      —      —      1,492    1,492 

Other

   33    —      33    46,151    46,184 

Residential real estate:

          

First mortgage

   684    137    821    68,147    68,968 

Construction

   —      —      —      2,954    2,954 

Consumer:

          

Home equity and lines of credit

   121    23    144    22,204    22,348 

Other

   —      —      —      361    361 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $1,079   $160   $1,239   $330,359   $331,598 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

There were no loans 90 days or more past due and accruing interest as of March 31, 2021 or December 31, 2020.

A summary of activity in the allowance for loan losses for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and March 31, 2020 is presented below:

 

   Commercial   Residential   Consumer  Total 
   (in thousands) 

Three months ended March 31, 2021

       

Allowance for loan losses

       

Beginning balance

  $1,609   $745   $349  $2,703 

Provision for loan losses

   —      —      —     —   

Loans charged-off

   —      —      (16  (16

Recoveries

   5    —      7   12 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

 

Ending balance

  $1,614   $745   $340  $2,699 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

 

Three months ended March 31, 2020

       

Allowance for loan losses

       

Beginning balance

  $1,235   $573   $192  $2,000 

Provision for loan losses

   —      —      —     —   

Loans charged-off

   —      —      (5  (5

Recoveries

   6    —      7   13 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

 

Ending balance

  $1,241   $573   $194  $2,008 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

11


Table of Contents

NOTE 4 – LOANS (continued)

 

A summary of the allowance for loan losses for loans evaluated individually and collectively for impairment is presented below:

 

   March 31, 2021 
   Commercial   Residential   Consumer   Total 
   (in thousands) 

Loans:

        

Individually evaluated for impairment

  $9,815   $625   $21   $10,461 

Collectively evaluated for impairment

   219,975    79,351    20,207    319,533 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total loans

  $229,790   $79,976   $20,228   $329,994 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Allowance for loan losses:

        

Individually evaluated for impairment

  $—     $—     $—     $—   

Collectively evaluated for impairment

   1,614    745    340    2,699 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total allowance for loan losses

  $1,614   $745   $340   $2,699 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

   December 31, 2020 
   Commercial   Residential   Consumer   Total 
   (in thousands) 

Loans:

        

Individually evaluated for impairment

  $10,573   $411   $21   $11,005 

Collectively evaluated for impairment

   226,394    71,511    22,688    320,593 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total loans

  $236,967   $71,922   $22,709   $331,598 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Allowance for loan losses:

        

Individually evaluated for impairment

  $—     $—     $—     $—   

Collectively evaluated for impairment

   1,609    745    349    2,703 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total allowance for loan losses

  $1,609   $745   $349   $2,703 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The Company regularly evaluates various attributes of loans to determine the appropriateness of the allowance for loan losses. The credit quality indicators monitored differ depending on the class of loan.

Pass ratings are assigned to loans with adequate collateral and debt service ability such that collectability of the contractual loan payments is highly probable.

Watch and Special Mention ratings are assigned to loans where management has some concern that the collateral or debt service ability may not be adequate, though the collectability of the contractual loan payments is still probable.

Substandard ratings are assigned to loans that do not have adequate collateral and/or debt service ability such that collectability of the contractual loan payments is no longer probable.

Doubtful ratings are assigned to loans that do not have adequate collateral and/or debt service ability such that collectability of the contractual loan payments is unlikely.

 

12


Table of Contents

NOTE 4 – LOANS (continued)

 

A summary of the Company’s internal risk ratings of loans is presented below:

 

   March 31, 2021 
   Pass   Watch and
Special
Mention
   Substandard   Total 
   (in thousands) 

Commercial:

        

Real estate

  $160,045   $17,985   $6,370   $184,400 

Land development

   —      —      1,475    1,475 

Other

   36,658    5,287    1,970    43,915 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $196,703   $23,272   $9,815   $229,790 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

   December 31, 2020 
   Pass   Watch and
Special
Mention
   Substandard   Total 
   (in thousands) 

Commercial:

        

Real estate

  $163,961   $19,272   $6,058   $189,291 

Land development

   —      —      1,492    1,492 

Other

   37,675    5,705    2,804    46,184 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $201,636   $24,977   $10,354   $236,967 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

There were no loans rated Doubtful or Loss as of March 31, 2021 or December 31, 2020, respectively.

Residential real estate and consumer loans are generally evaluated based on whether or not loans are performing in accordance with their contractual terms. Information regarding the credit quality indicators most closely monitored for residential real estate and consumer loans is presented below:

 

   March 31, 2021 
   Performing   Non
    Performing    
   Total 
   (in thousands) 

Residential real estate:

      

First mortgage

  $76,804   $1,130   $77,934 

Construction

   2,042    —      2,042 

Consumer:

      

Home equity and lines of credit

   19,840    115    19,955 

Other

   273    —      273 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $98,959   $1,245   $100,204 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

13


Table of Contents

NOTE 4 – LOANS (continued)

 

   December 31, 2020 
   Performing   Non
Performing
   Total 
   (in thousands) 

Residential real estate:

      

First mortgages

  $67,817   $1,151   $68,968 

Construction

   2,954    —      2,954 

Consumer:

      

Home equity and lines of credit

   22,212    136    22,348 

Other

   361    —      361 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $93,344   $1,287   $94,631 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Information regarding impaired loans is presented below:

 

   As of and for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 
   Recorded
Investment
   Unpaid
Principal
   Reserve   Average
Investment
   Interest
Recognized
 
   (in thousands) 

Impaired loans with reserve:

          

Commercial:

          

Real estate

  $—     $—     $—     $—     $—   

Land development

   —      —      —      —      —   

Other

   —      —      —      —      —   

Residential real estate:

          

First mortgages

   —      —      —      —      —   

Construction

   —      —      —      —      —   

Consumer:

          

Home equity and lines of credit

   —      —      —      —      —   

Other

   —      —      —      —      —   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total impaired loans with reserve

   —      —      —      —      —   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Impaired loans with no reserve:

          

Commercial:

          

Real estate

   6,370    6,370    NA    6,402    59 

Land development

   1,475    1,475    NA    1,481    11 

Other

   1,970    1,977    NA    2,178    11 

Residential real estate:

          

First mortgages

   625    708    NA    626    4 

Construction

   —      —      NA    —      —   

Consumer:

          

Home equity and lines of credit

   21    51    NA    22    —   

Other

   —      —      NA    —      —   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total impaired loans with no reserve

   10,461    10,581    NA    10,709    85 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total impaired loans

  $10,461   $10,581   $—     $10,709   $85 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

14


Table of Contents

NOTE 4 – LOANS (continued)

 

   As of and for the Year Ended December 31, 2020 
   Recorded
Investment
   Unpaid
Principal
   Reserve   Average
Investment
   Interest
Recognized
 
   (in thousands) 

Impaired loans with reserve:

          

Commercial:

          

Real estate

  $—     $—     $—     $—     $—   

Land development

   —      —      —      —      —   

Other

   —      —      —      —      —   

Residential real estate:

          

First mortgages

   —      —      —      36    —   

Construction

   —      —      —      —      —   

Consumer:

          

Home equity and lines of credit

   —      —      —      4    —   

Other

   —      —      —      —      —   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total impaired loans with reserve

   —      —      —      40    —   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Impaired loans with no reserve:

          

Commercial:

          

Real estate

   6,277    6,277    NA    6,268    332 

Land development

   1,492    1,492    NA    503    40 

Other

   2,804    2,804    NA    2,301    138 

Residential real estate:

          

First mortgages

   411    495    NA    568    261 

Construction

   —      —      NA    —      —   

Consumer:

          

Home equity and lines of credit

   21    51    NA    24    3 

Other

   —      —      NA    —      —   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total impaired loans with no reserve

   11,005    11,119    NA    9,664    774 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total impaired loans

  $11,005   $11,119   $—     $9,704   $774 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Management regularly monitors impaired loan relationships. In the event facts and circumstances change, additional reserves may be necessary.

There were no additional funds committed to impaired loans as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020.

Nonperforming loans are as follows:

 

   March 31,
2021
   December 31,
2020
 
   (in thousands) 

Nonaccrual loans, other than troubled debt restructurings

  $1,028   $1,068 

Nonaccrual loans, troubled debt restructurings

   217    219 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total nonperforming loans (NPLs)

  $1,245   $1,287 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Troubled debt restructurings, accruing

  $428   $432 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

15


Table of Contents

NOTE 4 – LOANS (continued)

 

There were no loans modified as troubled debt restructurings during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and year ended December 31, 2020.

The provisions of the March 2020 Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security (“CARES”) Act included an election to not apply the guidance on accounting for troubled debt restructurings to loan modifications, such as extensions or deferrals, related to COVID-19 made between March 1, 2020 and the earlier of (i) December 31, 2020 or (ii) 60 days after the end of the COVID-19 national emergency. The relief can only be applied to modifications for loans that were not more than 30 days past due as of December 31, 2019. The Company elected to adopt these provisions of the CARES Act. As of March 31, 2021, the Company had deferrals of $354,000 in interest, escrow, and principal payments on $14.1 million in outstanding loans.

The Company considers a troubled debt restructuring in default if it becomes past due more than 90 days. There were no troubled debt restructurings within the past twelve months for which there was a default during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

Information on non-accrual loans is presented below:

 

   March 31,
2021
  December 31,
2020
 
   (in thousands) 

Commercial:

   

Real estate

  $—    $—   

Land development

   —     —   

Other

   —     —   

Residential real estate:

   

First mortgages

   1,130   1,151 

Construction

   —     —   

Consumer:

   

Home equity and lines of credit

   115   136 

Other

   —     —   
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total non-accrual loans

  $1,245  $1,287 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total non-accrual loans to total loans

   0.38  0.39

Total non-accrual loans to total assets

   0.24  0.25

NOTE 5 – MORTGAGE SERVICING RIGHTS

Loans serviced for others are not included in the balance sheets. The unpaid principal balance of mortgage loans serviced for others was $342.6 million and $345.1 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

 

16


Table of Contents

NOTE 5 – MORTGAGE SERVICING RIGHTS (continued)

 

A summary of activity in the Company’s mortgage servicing rights is presented below:

 

   Three Months
Ended March 31,
2021
  Three Months
Ended March 31,
2020
 
   (in thousands) 

Mortgage servicing rights beginning balance

  $1,806  $2,172 

Additions

   203   99 

Amortization

   (231  (118

Adjustments to valuation allowance

   369   (217
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Mortgage servicing rights ending balance

  $2,147  $1,936 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Fair value at beginning of period

  $1,806  $2,404 

Fair value at end of period

  $2,153  $1,958 

The estimated fair value of mortgage servicing rights was determined using a valuation model that calculates the present value of expected future servicing and ancillary income, net of expected servicing costs. The model incorporates various assumptions such as discount rates, prepayment speeds and ancillary income and servicing costs. As of March 31, 2021, the model used discount rates ranging from 10% to 13.5%, and prepayment speeds ranging from 14.6% to 44.7%, respectively, both of which were based on market data from independent organizations.

The following table summarizes the estimated future amortization expense for mortgage servicing rights for the periods indicated. The projections of amortization expense are based on existing asset balances as of March 31, 2021. The actual amortization expense the Company recognizes in any given period may vary significantly depending on changes in interest rates, market conditions and regulatory requirements.

 

Estimated future amortization as of March 31, 2021:  (in thousands) 

2021

  $454 

2022

   425 

2023

   397 

2024

   369 

2025

   338 

Thereafter

   164 
  

 

 

 

Total

  $2,147 
  

 

 

 

NOTE 6 – DEPOSITS

The composition of deposits is summarized below:

 

   March 31,
2021
   December 31,
2020
 
   (in thousands) 

Non-interest bearing checking

  $94,784   $98,970 

Interest bearing checking

   33,693    30,630 

Money market

   102,663    103,724 

Statement savings

   64,610    58,895 

Certificates of deposit (1)

   81,908    87,629 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $377,658   $379,848 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) 

Included in these amounts are brokered deposits of $498,000 and $5.5 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

The Company held $9.5 million and $8.7 million in certificates of deposit which met or exceeded the FDIC insurance limit of $250,000 as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

 

17


Table of Contents

NOTE 6 – DEPOSITS (continued)

The scheduled maturities of certificates of deposit are presented below:

 

   March 31,
2021
 
   (in thousands) 

2021

  $59,683 

2022

   19,771 

2023

   778 

2024

   898 

2025

   651 

Thereafter

   127 
  

 

 

 

Total

  $81,908 
  

 

 

 

NOTE 7 – FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK ADVANCES

Federal Home Loan Bank advances consist of the following:

 

   March 31, 2021   December 31, 2020 
   Rate  Amount   Rate  Amount 
   (dollars in thousands) 

Fixed rate, COVID-19 Relief Advance, maturing May 2021

   0 $4,000    0 $4,000 

Fixed rate, fixed term advance, maturing July 2021

   1.41  7,000    1.41  7,000 

Fixed rate, fixed term advance, maturing February 2022

   1.62  6,500    1.62  6,500 

Fixed rate, fixed term advance, maturing February 2023

   1.62  6,500    1.62  6,500 

Putable advance, maturing Oct 2029 first put option date Nov 2020

   1.03  10,000    1.03  10,000 

Putable advance, maturing Feb 2030 first put option date Feb 2023

   0.98  5,000    0.98  5,000 

Putable advance, maturing Mar 2030 first put option date Mar 2025

   0.89  10,000    0.89  10,000 

Advance structured note, payments due monthly, maturing Feb 2030

   7.47  574    7.47  584 

Advance structured note, payments due monthly, maturing April 2030

   1.05  9,126    1.05  9,365 

Advance structured note, payments due monthly, maturing May 2030

   1.19  9,212    1.19  9,449 
   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $67,912    $68,398 
   

 

 

    

 

 

 

The scheduled maturities of Federal Home Loan Bank advances are presented below:

 

   March 31, 2021 
   Weighted
Average Rate
  Amount 
   (dollars in thousands) 

2021

   1.26 $12,469 

2022

   1.46  8,481 

2023

   1.54  8,506 

2024

   1.28  2,032 

2025

   1.30  2,059 

Thereafter

   1.07  34,365 
   

 

 

 

Total

   $67,912 
   

 

 

 

Actual maturities may differ from scheduled maturities due to call options on various Federal Home Loan Bank advances.

 

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NOTE 7 – FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK ADVANCES (continued)

The Company maintains a master contract agreement with the Federal Home Loan Bank, which provides for borrowing up to the lesser of 22.22 times the value of the Federal Home Loan Bank stock owned, a determined percentage of the book value of the Company’s qualifying real estate loans, or a determined percentage of the Company’s assets. The Federal Home Loan Bank provides both fixed and floating rate advances. Floating rates are tied to short-term market rates of interest. Federal Home Loan Bank advances are subject to a prepayment penalty if they are repaid prior to maturity.

The Company has pledged approximately $152.0 million and $149.1 million of qualifying loans as collateral for Federal Home Loan Bank advances as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. Federal Home Loan Bank advances are also secured by approximately $3.0 million and $3.0 million of Federal Home Loan Bank stock held by the Company as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. The Company’s available and unused portion of this borrowing agreement totaled $83.0 million and $79.6 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. Additional borrowing would require additional purchase of FHLB stock.

Additionally, at March 31, 2021 we had a $10.0 million federal funds rate line of credit with the BMO Harris Bank, none of which was drawn at March 31, 2021. The Company also had a $6.8 million line of credit at the Federal Reserve based on pledged commercial real estate loans of approximately $11.3 million at March 31, 2021. The Company had not drawn on the Federal Reserve line as of March 31, 2021.

NOTE 8 – INCOME TAXES

Income tax expense was $161,000 and $147,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and March 31, 2020, respectively. As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the deferred tax asset valuation allowance was $934,000, reducing our net deferred tax asset to $3.4 million at each respective date.

Deferred tax assets are deferred tax consequences attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. After the deferred tax asset has been measured using the applicable enacted tax rate and provisions of the enacted tax law, it is then necessary to assess the need for a valuation allowance. A valuation allowance is needed when, based on the weight of the available evidence, it is more likely than not that some portion of the deferred asset will not be realized. As required by generally accepted accounting principles, available evidence is weighted heavily on cumulative losses, with less weight placed on future projected profitability. The realization of deferred tax assets is dependent on the existence of taxable income of the appropriate character (e.g., ordinary or capital) within the carry-back and carry-forward periods available under tax law, which would consider future reversals of existing taxable temporary differences and taxable income in prior carryback years as permitted under tax law.

Due to recent changes in market conditions and current events related to COVID-19, the board and management continue to assess the Company’s deferred tax assets including forecasted future projected income and future reversals of existing temporary differences. As such, there may be additional deferred tax asset impairment in subsequent periods.

NOTE 9 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

In the normal course of business, the Company may be involved in various legal proceedings. In the opinion of management, any liability resulting from such proceedings would not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial statements. No material legal proceedings existed at March 31, 2021.

In the normal course of business, the Company is party to financial instruments with off-balance-sheet risk to meet the financing needs of its customers. These instruments include commitments to extend credit and commitments to sell loans. These instruments involve, to varying degrees, elements of credit risk in excess of the amount recognized on the balance sheets.

The Company’s exposure to credit losses is represented by the contractual, or notional, amount of these commitments. The Company follows the same credit policies in making commitments as it does for on-balance-sheet instruments. As some of the commitments are expected to expire without being drawn upon, and some of the commitments may not be drawn upon to the total extent of the commitment, the notional amount of these commitments does not necessarily represent future cash requirements of the Company.

 

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NOTE 9 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (continued)

The contractual amounts of off-balance-sheet credit-related financial instruments are summarized below:

 

   March 31, 2021 
   Fixed Rate   Variable Rate   Total 
   (in thousands) 

Commitments to extend credit

  $18,315   $41,000   $59,315 

Standby letters of credit

   23    2,150    2,173 

Credit enhancement under the FHLB of Chicago Mortgage Partnership Finance Program

   1,073    —      1,073 

Commitments to sell loans

   36,777    —      36,777 

Overdraft protection program commitments

   4,063    —      4,063 
   December 31, 2020 
   Fixed Rate   Variable Rate   Total 
   (in thousands) 

Commitments to extend credit

  $12,084   $41,778   $53,862 

Standby letters of credit

   23    2,150    2,173 

Credit enhancement under the FHLB of Chicago Mortgage Partnership Finance Program

   1,087    —      1,087 

Commitments to sell loans

   53,847    —      53,847 

Overdraft protection program commitments

   4,104    —      4,104 

Commitments to extend credit are agreements to lend to a customer at fixed or variable rates, as long as there is no violation of any condition established in the contract. Commitments generally have fixed expiration dates or other termination clauses and may require payment of a fee. The amount of collateral obtained upon extension of credit is based on management’s credit evaluation of the customer. Collateral held varies but may include accounts receivable; inventory; property, plant and equipment; real estate; and stocks and bonds. Commitments to sell loans represent commitments obtained by the Company from a secondary market agency to purchase mortgages from the Company at specified interest rates and within specified periods of time.

Standby letters of credit are conditional lending commitments issued by the Company to guarantee the performance of a customer to a third party. Generally, all standby letters of credit have expiration dates within one year. The credit risk involved in issuing standby letters of credit is essentially the same as that involved in extending loan facilities to customers. The Company generally holds collateral supporting these commitments. Standby letters of credit are not reflected in the financial statements, since recording the fair value of these guarantees would not have a significant impact on the financial statements.

The Company participates in the Federal Home Loan Bank of Chicago Mortgage Partnership Finance Program (the “Program”). In addition to entering into forward commitments to sell mortgage loans to a secondary market agency, the Company enters into firm commitments to deliver loans to the Federal Home Loan Bank of Chicago through the Program. Under the Program, loans are funded by the Federal Home Loan Bank of Chicago, and the Company receives an agency fee reported as a component of gain on sale of loans. The Company had $2.4 million of commitments to deliver loans through the Program as of March 31, 2021. Once delivered to the Program, the Company provides a contractually agreed-upon credit enhancement and performs servicing of the loans. Under the credit enhancement, the Company is liable for losses on loans delivered through the Program after application of any mortgage insurance and a contractually agreed-upon credit enhancement provided by the Program, subject to an agreed-upon maximum. The Company receives a fee for this credit enhancement. The Company records a liability for expected losses in excess of anticipated credit enhancement fees. As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had no liability outstanding related to the Program.

Unfunded commitments under overdraft protection agreements are commitments for possible future extensions of credit to existing customers. These lines of credit may or may not require collateral and may or may not contain a specific maturity date.

 

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NOTE 10 – EMPLOYEE STOCK OWNERSHIP PLAN

The Company established a tax qualified Employee Stock Ownership Plan (“ESOP”) for the benefit of its employees in conjunction with the Reorganization, effective January 8, 2019. Eligible employees become 20% vested in their accounts after 1 year of service, 40% vested after 2 years of service, 60% vested after 3 years of service, 80% vested after 4 years of service, and 100% vested after 5 or more years of service, or earlier, upon death, disability or attainment of normal retirement age.

The ESOP purchased 175,528 shares of the Company’s common stock, which was funded by a loan from the Company. Unreleased ESOP shares collateralize the loan payable, and the cost of the shares is recorded as contra-equity account in the stockholders’ equity of the Company. Shares are to be released as debt payments are made by the ESOP to the loan. The ESOP’s sources of repayment of the loan can include dividends, if any, on the unallocated stock held by the ESOP, and discretionary contributions from the Company to the ESOP and earnings thereon.

Compensation expense for the ESOP is recorded at an amount equal to the shares allocated by the ESOP multiplied by the average fair market value of the shares during the period. The Company recognizes compensation expense ratably over the year based upon the Company’s estimate of the number of shares expected to be allocated by the ESOP. Unearned compensation applicable to the ESOP is reflected as a reduction of stockholders’ equity in the consolidated balance sheet. The difference between the average fair market value and the cost of the shares allocated by the ESOP is recorded as an adjustment to stockholders’ equity. The Company recognized $21,000 and $18,000 in compensation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and March 31, 2020, respectively.

The following table provides the allocated and unallocated shares of common stock associated with the ESOP.

 

   March 31, 2021   December 31, 2020 
   (dollars in thousands) 

Shares committed to be released

   1,755    7,021 

Total allocated shares

   14,042    7,021 

Total unallocated shares

   159,731    161,486 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total ESOP shares

   175,528    175,528 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Fair value of unallocated shares (based on $14.24 and $9.96 share price as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively)

  $2,275   $1,608 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

NOTE 11 – RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

A summary of loans to directors, executive officers, and their affiliates follows:

 

   March 31,
2021
   December 31,
2020
 
   (in thousands) 

Beginning balance

  $1,034   $1,172 

New loans

   11    512 

Repayments

   (61   (650
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending balance

  $984   $1,034 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Deposits from directors, executive officers, and their affiliates totaled $1.1 million and $940,000 at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

The Company utilizes the services of law firms in which certain of the Company’s directors are partners. Fees paid to the firms for these services were $6,000 and $7,000 during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

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NOTE 12 – FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures defines fair values, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. This accounting standard applies to reported balances that are required or permitted to be measured at fair value under existing accounting pronouncements. The standard also emphasizes that fair value (i.e., the price that would be received in an orderly transaction that is not a forced liquidation or distressed sale at the measurement date), among other things, is based on exit price versus entry price, should include assumptions about risk such as nonperformance risk in liability fair values, and is a market-based measurement, not an entity-specific measurement. When considering the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability, this accounting standard establishes a fair value hierarchy that distinguishes between market participant assumptions based on market data obtained from sources independent of the reporting entity (observable inputs that are classified within Levels 1 and 2 of the hierarchy) and the reporting entity’s own assumptions about market participant assumptions (unobservable inputs classified within Level 3 of the hierarchy).

The fair value hierarchy prioritizes inputs used to measure fair value into three broad levels.

Level 1 inputs – In general, fair values determined by Level 1 inputs use quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that we have the ability to access.

Level 2 inputs – Fair values determined by Level 2 inputs use inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1 inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. Level 2 inputs include quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets where there are few transactions and inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability, such as interest rates and yield curves that are observable at commonly quoted intervals.

Level 3 inputs – Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability and include situations where there is little, if any, market activity for the asset or liability.

In instances where the determination of the fair value measurement is based on inputs from different levels of the fair value hierarchy, the level in the fair value hierarchy within which the entire fair value measurement falls is based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment, and considers factors specific to the asset or liability.

Some assets and liabilities, such as securities available-for-sale, are measured at fair value on a recurring basis under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. Other assets and liabilities, such as impaired loans, may be measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis.

Following is a description of the Company’s valuation methodology and significant inputs used for each asset and liability measured at fair value on a recurring or nonrecurring basis.

Securities – Marketable equity securities and securities available-for-sale may be classified as Level 1 or Level 2 measurements within the fair value hierarchy. Level 1 securities include equity securities traded on a national exchange. The fair value measurements of Level 1 securities are based on the quoted market price of those securities. Level 2 securities include U.S. government and agency securities, obligations of states and political subdivisions, corporate debt securities and mortgage-related securities. The fair value measurements of Level 2 securities are obtained from independent pricing services and are based on recent sales of similar securities and other observable market data.

Impaired loans – Loans are not measured at fair value on a recurring basis. However, loans determined to be impaired may be measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis. The fair value measurements of collateral-dependent impaired loans are based on the fair values of the underlying collateral. Independent appraisals are obtained to determine the fair values of underlying collateral, and generally utilize one or more valuation methodologies, typically includes comparable sales and income approaches. Management routinely evaluates the fair value measurements of independent appraisers and adjusts those valuations based on differences noted between actual selling prices of collateral and the most recently appraised value. Such adjustments are usually significant, which results in a Level 3 classification. All other impaired loan measurements are based on the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the applicable effective interest rate and are not considered fair value measurements.

 

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NOTE 12 – FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS (continued)

Mortgage servicing rights – The Company utilizes an independent valuation from a third party which uses a discounted cash flow model to estimate the fair value of mortgage servicing rights. The model utilizes prepayment assumptions to project cash flows related to the mortgage servicing rights based upon the current interest rate environment, which is then discounted to estimate an expected fair value of the mortgage servicing rights. The model considers characteristics specific to the underlying mortgage portfolio, such as: contractually specified servicing fees, prepayment assumptions, delinquency rates, late charges and costs to service. Given the significance of the unobservable inputs utilized in the estimation process, mortgage servicing rights are classified as Level 3 within the fair value hierarchy. The Company records the mortgage servicing rights at the lower of amortized cost or fair value.

Assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis are summarized below, along with the level of the fair value hierarchy of the inputs utilized to determine such fair value.

 

       Recurring Fair Value Measurements Using 
   March 31, 2021   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3 
   (in thousands) 

Marketable equity securities

  $3,146   $3,146   $—     $—   

Securities available-for-sale:

        

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

   11,670    —      11,670    —   

Government-sponsored mortgage-backed securities

   47,593    —      47,593    —   

Asset-backed securities

   7,116    —      7,116    —   

Certificates of deposit

   1,561    —      1,561    —   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $71,086   $3,146   $67,940   $—   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

       Recurring Fair Value Measurements Using 
   December 31, 2020   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3 
   (in thousands) 

Marketable equity securities

  $2,992   $2,992   $—     $—   

Securities available-for-sale:

        

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

   11,803    —      11,803    —   

Government-sponsored mortgage-backed securities

   38,039    —      38,039    —   

Asset-backed securities

   7,281    —      7,281    —   

Certificates of deposit

   1,580    —      1,580    —   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $61,695   $2,992   $58,703   $—   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Impaired loans are measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis. There were no loans that were considered impaired with a specific valuation allowance as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020.

Mortgage servicing rights are measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis. Mortgage servicing rights with a carrying value of $2.2 million were considered impaired and written down to their estimated fair value of $1.8 million as of December 31, 2020. As a result, the Company recognized a specific valuation allowance against mortgage servicing rights of $369,000 during the period December 31, 2020. At March 31, 2021, there was no valuation allowance against mortgage servicing rights.

 

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Table of Contents

NOTE 12 – FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS (continued)

The carrying values and estimated fair values of financial instruments are presented below:

 

   March 31, 2021 
   Carrying
Value
   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3 
   (in thousands) 

Financial assets:

        

Cash and cash equivalents

  $83,481   $83,481   $—     $—   

Available for sale securities

   67,940    —      67,940    —   

Marketable equity securities stated at fair value

   3,146    3,146    —      —   

Loans held for sale

   2,828    —      2,828    —   

Loans

   327,565    —      —      330,758 

Rate lock commitments

   189    —      —      189 

Accrued interest receivable

   852    852    —      —   

Cash value of life insurance

   13,585    —      —      13,585 

FHLB stock

   3,032    —      —      3,032 

Financial liabilities:

        

Deposits

   377,658    295,751    —      82,048 

Advance payments by borrowers for taxes and insurance

   6,097    6,097    —      —   

FHLB advances

   67,912    —      —      69,667 

Accrued interest payable

   143    143    —      —   

 

   December 31, 2020 
   Carrying
Value
   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3 
   (in thousands) 

Financial assets:

        

Cash and cash equivalents

  $92,526   $92,526   $—     $—   

Available for sale securities

   58,703    —      58,703    —   

Loans held for sale

   2,484    —      2,484    —   

Loans

   329,073    —      —      332,882 

Rate lock commitments

   354    —      —      354 

Accrued interest receivable

   912    912    —      —   

Cash value of life insurance

   13,485    —      —      13,485 

FHLB stock

   3,032    —      —      3,032 

Marketable equity securities stated at fair value

   2,992    2,992    —      —   

Financial liabilities:

        

Deposits

   379,848    292,219    —      87,884 

Advance payments by borrowers for taxes and insurance

   2,737    2,737    —      —   

FHLB advances

   63,398    —      —      70,561 

Accrued interest payable

   183    183    —      —   

The fair value of a financial instrument is the current amount that would be exchanged between market participants, other than in a forced liquidation. Fair value is best determined based on quoted market prices. However, in many instances, there are no quoted market prices for the Company’s various financial instruments. In cases where quoted market prices are not available, fair values are based on estimates using present value or other valuation techniques. Those techniques are significantly affected by the assumptions used, including the discount rate and estimates of future cash flows. Accordingly, the fair value estimates may not be realized in an immediate settlement of the instrument. Consequently, the aggregate fair value amounts presented may not necessarily represent the underlying fair value of the Company.

Fair value estimates are made at a specific point in time based on relevant market information and information about the financial instrument. These estimates do not reflect any premium or discount that could result from offering for sale at one time the Company’s entire holdings of a particular instrument. Because no market exists for a significant portion of the Company’s financial instruments, fair value estimates are based on judgments regarding future expected loss experience, current economic conditions, risk characteristics of various financial instruments and other factors. These estimates are subjective in nature and involve uncertainties and matters that could affect the estimates. Fair value estimates are based on existing on- and off-balance-sheet financial instruments without attempting to estimate the value of anticipated future business.

 

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Table of Contents

NOTE 12 – FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS (continued)

Deposits with no stated maturities are defined as having a fair value equivalent to the amount payable on demand. This prohibits adjusting fair value derived from retaining those deposits for an expected future period of time. This component, commonly referred to as a deposit base intangible, is neither considered in the above amounts, nor is it recorded as an intangible assets on the balance sheets. In addition, the tax ramifications related to the realization of unrealized gains and losses can have a significant effect on fair value estimates and have not been considered in the estimates.

NOTE 13 – EQUITY AND REGULATORY MATTERS

PyraMax Bank is subject to various regulatory capital requirements administered by federal and state banking agencies. Failure to meet minimum capital requirements can initiate certain mandatory, and possibly additional discretionary actions by regulators that, if undertaken, could have a direct material effect on the Company’s financial statements. Under capital adequacy guidelines and the regulatory framework for prompt corrective action, PyraMax Bank must meet specific capital guidelines that involve quantitative measures of assets, liabilities and certain off-balance-sheet items, as calculated under regulatory accounting practices. The capital amounts and classification are also subject to qualitative judgments by the regulators about their components, risk weightings and other factors.

Quantitative measures established by regulation to ensure capital adequacy require PyraMax Bank to maintain minimum amounts and ratios (set forth in the table below) of Common Equity Tier 1, Tier 1 and Total capital to risk-weighted assets, and of Tier 1 capital to average assets. It is management’s opinion that PyraMax Bank met all applicable capital adequacy requirements as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020.

As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, PyraMax Bank was categorized as well capitalized under the regulatory framework for prompt corrective action. To be categorized as well capitalized, PyraMax Bank must maintain minimum regulatory capital ratios as set forth in the table below. PyraMax Bank’s actual and required capital amounts and ratios are presented below:

 

   March 31, 2021 
   Actual  For Capital Adequacy
Purposes
  To Be Well Capitalized
Under Prompt Corrective
Action Provisions
 
   Amount   Ratio  Amount   Ratio  Amount   Ratio 
   (dollars in thousands) 

PyraMax Bank

  

Leverage (Tier 1)

  $50,460    9.9 $20,345    4.0 $25,431    5.0

Risk-based:

          

Common Equity Tier 1

   50,460    15.7  14,502    4.5  20,947    6.5

Tier 1

   50,460    15.7  19,335    6.0  25,781    8.0

Total

   53,159    16.5  25,781    8.0  32,226    10.0

 

   December 31, 2020 
   Actual  For Capital Adequacy
Purposes
  To Be Well Capitalized
Under Prompt Corrective
Action Provisions
 
   Amount   Ratio  Amount   Ratio  Amount   Ratio 
   (dollars in thousands) 

PyraMax Bank

  

Leverage (Tier 1)

  $49,534    9.8 $20,195    4.0 $25,243    5.0

Risk-based:

          

Common Equity Tier 1

   49,534    15.1  14,725    4.5  21,269    6.5

Tier 1

   49,534    15.1  19,633    6.0  26,177    8.0

Total

   52,237    16.0  26,177    8.0  32,722    10.0

 

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Table of Contents

NOTE 14 – EARNINGS PER SHARE (EPS)

Basic earnings per common share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding, adjusted for weighted average unallocated ESOP shares, during the applicable period, excluding outstanding participating securities. Participating securities include non-vested restricted stock awards and restricted stock units, though no actual shares of common stock related to restricted stock units are issued until the settlement of such units, to the extent holders of these securities receive non-forfeitable dividends or dividend equivalents at the same rate as holders of the Company’s common stock. Diluted earnings per share is computed using the weighted-average number of shares determined for the basic earnings per common share computation plus the dilutive effect of stock compensation using the treasury stock method. Antidilutive options are disregarded in earnings per share calculations.

Earnings per common share for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and the three months ended March 31, 2020 are presented in the following table.

 

   Three months ended March 31, 
   2021   2020 
   (dollars in thousands, except
per share amounts)
 

Net income

  $521   $287 

Basic weighted average common shares outstanding:

    

Weighted average shares outstanding

   4,838,344    4,876,677 

Less: Weighted average unallocated ESOP shares

   160,599    172,017 

Less: Unvested restricted stock awards

   89,057    —   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total basic weighted average common shares outstanding

   4,588,688    4,704,660 

Effective dilutive potential common shares

   108,654    871 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total diluted weighted average shares outstanding

   4,697,342    4,705,531 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share

  $0.11   $0.06 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per share

  $0.11   $0.06 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

NOTE 15 – STOCK BASED COMPENSATION

Stock-Based Compensation Plan

On March 27, 2020, the Company’s stockholders approved the 1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin, Inc. 2020 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2020 Equity Incentive Plan”). A total of 238,467 stock options and 95,387 restricted shares were approved for award. The stock options granted to employees and non-employee directors under this plan vest in five installments with the first installment vesting on the first anniversary of the date of grant. The exercise price for all stock options granted is equal to the quoted NASDAQ market close price on the date that the awards were granted and expire ten years after the grant date, if not exercised. The restricted stock awards granted to employees and non-employee directors under this plan vest in five installments with the first installment vesting on the first anniversary of the date of grant.

Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation Plan

The fair value of stock options granted is estimated on the grant date using a Black-Scholes pricing model.    The fair value of restricted shares is equal to the quoted NASDAQ market closing price on the date of grant. The fair value of stock grants is recognized as compensation expense on a straight-line basis over the vesting period of the grants. Compensation expense is included in salaries and employee benefits in the consolidated statements of income.

Assumptions are used in estimating the fair value of stock options granted. The weighted average expected life of the stock options represent the period of time that the options are expected to be outstanding and is based on the historical results from the previous awards. The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant. The expected volatility is based on the actual volatility of 1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin, Inc. stock for the weighted average life time period prior to issuance date. The following assumptions were used in estimating the fair value of options granted during the period ended March 31, 2021:

 

   March 31,
2021
  March 31,
2020
 

Dividend yield

   0.00  0.00

Risk-free interest rate

   0.96  0.55

Expected volatility

   24.64  22.30

Weighted average expected life

   6.5   6.5 

Weighted average per share value of options

  $2.76  $1.84 

A summary of the Company’s stock option activity for the period ended March 31, 2021 is presented below.

 

Stock Options  Shares   Weighted
Average
Exercise Price
   Weighted
Average
Remaining in
Contractual
Term (Years)
   Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
 

Outstanding December 31, 2020

   218,115   $7.89    9.30    451,154 

Granted(1)

   28,350    10.21    6.50    —   

Exercised

   —      —      —      —   

Forfeited

   —      —      —      —   
  

 

 

       

 

 

 

Outstanding March 31, 2021

   246,465    8.16    9.15    1,498,801 
  

 

 

       

 

 

 

Options exercisable at March 31, 2021

   11,923    7.88    9.00    75,804 
  

 

 

       

 

 

 

(1)   Includes 7,998 shares granted as a nonqualified stock option inducement award to the Company’s President and Chief Operating Officer

    

 

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The following table summarizes information about the Company’s nonvested stock option activity for the three months ended March 31, 2021:

 

Stock Options  Shares   Weighted Average
Grant Date Fair
Value
 

Nonvested at December 31, 2020

   218,115   $1.98 

Granted

   28,350    2.76 

Vested

   (11,923   1.83 

Forfeited

   —      —   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Nonvested at March 31, 2021

   234,542   $2.06 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
    

The Company amortizes the expense related to stock options as compensation expense over the vesting period. The Company recognized $23,000 in stock option expense during the three month period ended March 31, 2021. At March 31, 2021, the Company had $426,000 in estimated unrecognized compensation costs related to outstanding stock options that is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 4.21 years.

 

Restricted Stock  Shares   Weighted Average
Grant Date Fair
Value
 

Nonvested at December 31, 2020

   84,949   $7.87 

Granted(1)

   11,436    10.21 

Vested

   (4,770   7.88 

Forfeited

   —      —   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Nonvested at March 31, 2021

   91,615   $8.16 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1)

Includes 998 shares granted as a restricted stock inducement award to the Company’s President and Chief Operating Officer

The Company amortizes the expense related to restricted stock awards as compensation expense over the vesting period. The Company recognized $35,000 in restricted stock option expense during the three month period ended March 31, 2021. At March 31, 2021, the Company had $655,000 of unrecognized compensation expense related to restricted stock shares that is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 4.20 years.

 

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Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

General

Management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations at March 31, 2021 and for the three months ended March 31, 2021 is intended to assist in understanding the financial condition and results of operations of the Company. The information contained in this section should be read in conjunction with the unaudited financial statements and the notes thereto appearing in Part I, Item 1, of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This report contains forward-looking statements, which can be identified by the use of words such as “estimate,” “project,” “believe,” “intend,” “anticipate,” “assume,” “plan,” “seek,” “expect,” “will,” “may,” “should,” “indicate,” “would,” “contemplate,” “continue,” “target” and words of similar meaning. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:

 

  

statements of our goals, intentions and expectations;

 

  

statements regarding our business plans, prospects, growth and operating strategies;

 

  

statements regarding the quality of our loan and investment portfolios; and

 

  

estimates of our risks and future costs and benefits.

These forward-looking statements are based on our current beliefs and expectations and are inherently subject to significant business, economic and competitive uncertainties and contingencies, many of which are beyond our control. In addition, these forward-looking statements are subject to assumptions with respect to future business strategies and decisions that are subject to change. We are under no duty to and do not take any obligation to update any forward-looking statements after the date of this Quarterly Report.

The following factors, among others, could cause actual results to differ materially from the anticipated results or other expectations expressed in the forward-looking statements:

 

  

general economic conditions, either nationally or in our market areas, that are worse than expected;

 

  

changes in the level and direction of loan delinquencies and write-offs and changes in estimates of the adequacy of the allowance for loan losses;

 

  

our ability to access cost-effective funding;

 

  

fluctuations in real estate values and both residential and commercial real estate market conditions;

 

  

demand for loans and deposits in our market area;

 

  

our ability to implement and change our business strategies;

 

  

competition among depository and other financial institutions;

 

  

inflation and changes in the interest rate environment that reduce our margins and yields, our mortgage banking revenues, the fair value of financial instruments or our level of loan originations, or increase the level of defaults, losses and prepayments on loans we have made and make;

 

  

adverse changes in the securities or secondary mortgage markets;

 

  

changes in laws or government regulations or policies affecting financial institutions, including changes in regulatory fees and capital requirements, including as a result of Basel III;

 

  

the impact of the Dodd-Frank Act and the implementing regulations;

 

  

changes in the quality or composition of our loan or investment portfolios;

 

  

technological changes that may be more difficult or expensive than expected;

 

  

the inability of third-party providers to perform as expected;

 

  

our ability to manage market risk, credit risk and operational risk in the current economic environment;

 

  

our ability to enter new markets successfully and capitalize on growth opportunities;

 

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our ability to successfully integrate into our operations any assets, liabilities, customers, systems and management personnel we may acquire and our ability to realize related revenue synergies and cost savings within expected time frames, and any goodwill charges related thereto;

 

  

changes in consumer spending, borrowing and savings habits;

 

  

changes in accounting policies and practices, as may be adopted by the bank regulatory agencies, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, the Securities and Exchange Commission or the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board;

 

  

our ability to retain key employees;

 

  

our compensation expense associated with equity allocated or awarded to our employees; and

 

  

changes in the financial condition, results of operations or future prospects of issuers of securities that we own.

Additionally, the outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (“COVID-19”) will continue to adversely impact a broad range of industries in which the Company’s customers operate and impair their ability to fulfill their financial obligations to the Company. The World Health Organization has declared COVID-19 to be a global pandemic indicating that almost all public commerce and related business activities must be, to varying degrees, curtailed with the goal of decreasing the rate of new infections.

Notwithstanding any actions by national, state and local governments to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 or by the Company to address the adverse impacts of COVID-19, there can be no assurance that any of the foregoing activities will be successful in mitigating or preventing significant adverse effects on the Company. The Company may also incur additional costs to remedy damages caused by such disruptions, which could adversely affect its financial condition and results of operations.

Congress, the President, and the Federal Reserve have taken several actions designed to cushion the economic fallout. Most notably, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security (“CARES”) Act was signed into law at the end of March 2020 as a $2 trillion legislative package. The goal of the CARES Act is to prevent a severe economic downturn through various measures, including direct financial aid to American families and economic stimulus to significantly impacted industry sectors. The package also includes extensive emergency funding for hospitals and providers. In addition to the general impact of COVID-19, certain provisions of the CARES Act as well as other recent legislative and regulatory relief efforts are expected to continue to have a material impact on our operations. While it is not possible to know the full universe or extent of these impacts as of the date of this filing, we are disclosing potentially material items of which we are aware.

The provisions of the CARES Act included an election to not apply the guidance on accounting for troubled debt restructurings to loan modifications, such as extensions or deferrals, related to COVID-19 made between March 1, 2020 and the earlier of (i) December 31, 2020 or (ii) 60 days after the end of the COVID-19 national emergency. The relief can only be applied to modifications for loans that were not more than 30 days past due as of December 31, 2019. The Company elected to adopt these provisions of the CARES Act. As of March 31, 2021, the Company had deferrals of $354,000 in interest, escrow, and principal payments on $14.1 million in outstanding loans.

The CARES Act authorized the Small Business Administration (“SBA”) to temporarily guarantee loans under a new loan program called the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”). As a qualified SBA lender, we were automatically authorized to originate PPP loans. The Company actively participated in assisting our customers with applications for resources through the program until its initial closing on August 8, 2020. PPP loans originated by the Company have: (a) an interest rate of 1.0%, (b) two-year and five-year loan terms to maturity; and (c) principal and interest payments deferred for ten months after the end date of the borrowers forgiveness period. The SBA will guarantee 100% of the PPP loans made to eligible borrowers. The entire principal amount of the borrower’s PPP loan, including any accrued interest, is eligible to be reduced by the loan forgiveness amount under the PPP. As part of the first round of this program, at March 31, 2021, we had funded 246 PPP loans totaling $30.3 million, of which $23.8 million had been forgiven through March 31, 2021.

On December 27, 2020, the Relief Act became law and provided an additional $284 billion for the PPP, as well as extending the PPP through March 31, 2021. Among the changes to the PPP as a result of the Relief Act include: (1) an opportunity for a second PPP forgivable loan for small businesses and nonprofits with 300 or fewer employees that can demonstrate a loss of 25% of gross receipts in any quarter during 2020 compared to the corresponding quarter in 2019 (or demonstrating a loss of 25% of gross receipts for the calendar year 2020

 

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compared to calendar year 2019); (2) allowing qualified borrowers to apply for a PPP loan up to 2.5 times (or 3.5 times for small businesses in the restaurant and hospitality industries) the borrower’s average monthly payroll costs in the one-year period prior to the date on which the loan is made or calendar year 2019, limited to a maximum loan amount of $2.0 million; (3) the addition of personal protective equipment expenses, costs associated with outdoor dining, uninsured costs related to property damaged and vandalism or looting due to 2020 public disturbances, supplier costs and a broader category of operational expenses (including cloud computing services and other business software) as eligible and forgivable expenses; (4) simplifying the loan forgiveness process for loans of $150,000 or less; and (5) eliminating the requirement that EIDL Advances will reduce the borrower’s PPP loan forgiveness amount. Additionally, expenses paid with the proceeds of PPP loans that are forgiven (or are reasonably expected to be forgiven) are now tax-deductible, reversing previous guidance from the U.S. Department of the Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service, which did not allow deductions on expenses paid for with PPP loan proceeds which were forgiven (or reasonably expected to be forgiven). As of March 31, 2021, we have funded 112 second round PPP loans totaling $9.1 million.

Because of the above and other uncertainties, our actual future results may be materially different from the results indicated by these forward-looking statements. Additional factors that may affect our results are discussed in our latest Annual Report on Form 10-K under the heading “Risk Factors” and in our subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q.

Critical Accounting Policies

The discussion and analysis of the financial condition and results of operations are based on our financial statements, which are prepared in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles used in the United States of America. The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions affecting the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, and the reported amounts of income and expenses. We consider the accounting policies discussed below to be critical accounting policies. The estimates and assumptions that we use are based on historical experience and various other factors and are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions, resulting in a change that could have a material impact on the carrying value of our assets and liabilities and our results of operations.

The Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act (the “JOBS Act”) contains provisions that, among other things, reduce certain reporting requirements for qualifying public companies. As an “emerging growth company” we may delay adoption of new or revised accounting pronouncements applicable to public companies until such pronouncements are made applicable to private companies. We intend to take advantage of the benefits of this extended transition period. Accordingly, our financial statements may not be comparable to companies that comply with such new or revised accounting standards.

The following represent our critical accounting policies:

Allowance for Loan Losses. The allowance for loan losses is the estimated amount considered necessary to cover inherent, but unconfirmed, credit losses in the loan portfolio at the balance sheet date. The allowance is established through the provision for loan losses which is charged against income. In determining the allowance for loan losses, management makes significant estimates and has identified this policy as one of our most critical accounting policies.

Management performs a quarterly evaluation of the allowance for loan losses. Consideration is given to a variety of factors in establishing this estimate including, but not limited to, current economic conditions, delinquency statistics, geographic and industry concentrations, the adequacy of the underlying collateral, the financial strength of the borrower, results of internal loan reviews and other relevant factors. This evaluation is inherently subjective as it requires material estimates that may be susceptible to significant change.

The analysis has two components, specific and general allowances. The specific allowance is for unconfirmed losses related to loans that are determined to be impaired. Impairment is measured by determining the present value of expected future cash flows or, for collateral-dependent loans, the fair value of the collateral, adjusted for market conditions and selling expenses. If the fair value of the loan is less than the loan’s carrying value, a charge is recorded for the difference. The general allowance, which is for loans reviewed collectively, is determined by segregating the remaining loans by type of loan, risk weighting (if applicable) and payment history. We also analyze historical loss experience, delinquency trends, general economic conditions and geographic and industry concentrations.

 

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This analysis establishes historical loss percentages and qualitative factors that are applied to the loan groups to determine the amount of the allowance for loan losses necessary for loans that are reviewed collectively. The qualitative component is critical in determining the allowance for loan losses as certain trends may indicate the need for changes to the allowance for loan losses based on factors beyond the historical loss history. Not incorporating a qualitative component could misstate the allowance for loan losses. Actual loan losses may be significantly more than the allowances we have established which could result in a material negative effect on our financial results.

Fair Value. The fair value of a financial instrument is defined as the amount at which the instrument could be exchanged in a current transaction between willing parties, other than in a forced or liquidation sale. The Company estimates the fair value of a financial instrument and any related asset impairment using a variety of valuation methods. Where financial instruments are actively traded and have quoted market prices, quoted market prices are used for fair value. When the financial instruments are not actively traded, other observable market inputs, such as quoted prices of securities with similar characteristics, may be used, if available, to determine fair value. When observable market prices do not exist, the Company estimates fair value. These estimates are subjective in nature and any imprecision in estimating these factors can impact the amount of gain or loss recorded. A more detailed description of the fair values measured at each level of the fair value hierarchy and the methodology utilized by the Company can be found in Note 12 of the Notes to Financial Statements.

Deferred Tax Assets. We use the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when it is more likely than not that some portion of the deferred tax asset will not be realized. We exercise significant judgment in evaluating the amount and timing of recognition of the resulting tax liabilities and assets. These judgments require us to make projections of future taxable income. The judgments and estimates we make in determining our deferred tax assets, which are inherently subjective, are reviewed on a regular basis as regulatory and business factors change. Any reduction in estimated future taxable income may require us to increase the valuation allowance against our deferred tax assets.

Comparison of Financial Condition at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020

Total Assets. Total assets were $517.1 million at March 31, 2021, an increase of $359,000, or 0.1%, when compared to total assets of $516.8 million at December 31, 2020. The increase was primarily due to an increase in securities available for sale of $9.2 million, an increase in other assets of $937,000 and an increase in loans held for sale of $344,000. The increase was partially offset by a decrease in cash and cash equivalents of $9.0 million and a decrease in net loans of $1.5 million at March 31, 2021.

Cash and Cash Equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents decreased $9.0 million, or 9.8%, to $83.5 million at March 31, 2021, from $92.5 million at December 31, 2020. The decrease was primarily due to the increase in securities available for sale of $9.2 million. Cash and cash equivalents are expected to decrease in 2021 as customers withdraw PPP loan proceeds and excess funds on deposit due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Available for Sale Securities. Available for sale securities increased $9.2 million, or 15.7%, to $67.9 million at March 31, 2021, from $58.7 million at December 31, 2020. The increase was primarily due to purchases of available for sale securities totaling $13.2 million during the three months ended March 31, 2021. These were offset due to sales of available-for-sale securities of $1.0 million as well as maturities, prepayments and calls of available for sale securities totaling $2.1 million and a reduction in the unrealized gain held within the portfolio of $813,000.

Loans Held for Sale. Loans held for sale increased $344,000, or 13.8%, to $2.8 million at March 31, 2021, from $2.5 million during December 31, 2020. This increase was due primarily to increased volume of first mortgage residential real estate loan originations to be sold into the secondary market as a result of the declining interest rate environment.

 

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Net Loans. Net loans decreased $1.5 million, or 0.5%, to $327.6 million at March 31, 2021, from $329.1 million at December 31, 2020. The decrease was due primarily to a $7.2 million decrease in commercial loans and a $2.5 million decrease in consumer loans due to normal payment and refinancing activity and a $92,000 decrease in deferred loan fees. The decrease was partially offset by a $9.1 million increase in PPP loans and an $8.1 million increase in residential real estate loans as these types of loans were retained within the portfolio.

Other Assets. Other assets increased $937,000, or 17.1%, to $6.4 million at March 31, 2021, from $5.5 million at December 31, 2020. This increase was primarily due to increases in accounts receivable and prepaid expenses, which increased $430,000, or 100.0%, and $330,000, or 86.4%, respectively. Accounts receivable increase due to costs associated with the second step stock offering and prepaid expenses increased due to costs associated with prepaid insurance policies.

Deposits. Deposits decreased $2.2 million, or 0.6%, to $377.7 million at March 31, 2021, from $379.8 million at December 31, 2020. This decrease was primarily due to a $4.2 million decrease in noninterest bearing checking accounts to $94.8 million at March 31, 2021 from $99.0 million at December 31, 2020, a $1.0 million decrease in money market account to $102.7 million at March 31, 2021 from $103.7 million at December 31, 2020 and a $5.7 million decrease in certificates of deposits to $81.9 million at March 31, 2021 from $87.6 million at December 31, 2020, including a decrease in brokered certificates of deposits of $5.0 million to $498,000 at March 31, 2021 from $5.5 million at December 31, 2020 as we replaced maturing brokered certificates with lower cost FHLB advances. These decreases were partially offset by an increase of statement savings accounts of $5.7 million to $64.6 million at March 31, 2021 from $58.9 million at December 31, 2020, and a $3.1 million increase in interest bearing checking accounts to $33.7 million at March 31, 2021 from $30.6 million at December 31, 2020. We continued our marketing focus to concentrate on non-maturing deposits as these accounts carry lower interest rates and offer more flexibility in a changing rate environment.

Advance Payments by Borrowers for Taxes and Insurance. Due to normal seasonal activity, advance payments by borrowers for taxes and insurance increased by $3.4 million, or 122.8%, to $6.1 million at March 31, 2021 from $2.7 million at December 31, 2020.

FHLB Advances. Borrowings, consisting entirely of FHLB advances, decreased $486,000, or 0.7%, to $67.9 million at March 31, 2021, from $68.4 million at December 31, 2020. The decrease was due to principal repayments on existing advances.

Total Equity. Total equity decreased $9,000, to $60.0 million at March 31, 2021. The decrease was primarily due to a reduction of other comprehensive income of $594,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 due to a reduction in the market value of available for sale securities. This was partially offset by net income of $521,000. In addition, total equity increased $64,000 related to net stock-based compensation

 

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Average Balances and Yields

The following tables present information regarding average balances of assets and liabilities, the total dollar amounts of interest income and dividends from average interest-earning assets, the total dollar amounts of interest expense on average interest-bearing liabilities, and the resulting annualized average yields and costs. The yields and costs for the periods indicated are derived by dividing income or expense by the average balances of assets or liabilities, respectively, for the periods presented. Average balances have been calculated using daily balances. Nonaccrual loans are included in average balances only. Loan fees are included in interest income on loans and are not material.

 

   Three Months Ended March 31, 
   2021  2020 
   Average
Outstanding
Balance
  Interest and
Dividends
   Yield/Cost
Rate
  Average
Outstanding
Balance
  Interest and
Dividends
   Yield/Cost
Rate
 
   (Dollars in thousands) 

Interest-earning assets:

         

Loans

  $332,726  $3,294    4.01 $309,937  $3,413    4.42

Securities available-for-sale

   60,283   267    1.80  69,878   407    2.34

Other interest-earning assets

   87,006   56    0.26  16,053   41    1.01
  

 

 

  

 

 

    

 

 

  

 

 

   

Total interest-earning assets

   480,015   3,617    3.06  395,868   3,861    3.91

Non-interest-earning assets

   32,417      34,950    
  

 

 

     

 

 

    

Total assets

  $512,432     $430,818    
  

 

 

     

 

 

    

Interest-earning liabilities:

         

NOW accounts

  $31,843  $8    0.11 $25,606  $19    0.30

Money market accounts

   102,056   79    0.31  67,449   151    0.90

Savings accounts

   62,022   10    0.06  47,892   16    0.13

Certificates of deposit

   84,289   159    0.76  131,841   664    2.02
  

 

 

  

 

 

    

 

 

  

 

 

   

Total interest-bearing deposits

   280,210   256    0.37  272,788   850    1.25

Federal Home Loan Bank advances

   68,079   200    1.19  32,012   110    1.37

Other interest-bearing liabilities

   5,227   —      —     3,819   —      —   
  

 

 

  

 

 

    

 

 

  

 

 

   

Total interest-bearing liabilities

   353,516   456    0.52  308,619   960    1.25

Non-interest-bearing deposits

   98,033      66,740    

Other non-interest-bearing liabilities

   5,176      2,784    
  

 

 

     

 

 

    

Total liabilities

   456,725      378,143    

Total stockholders’ equity

   55,707      52,675    
  

 

 

     

 

 

    

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

  $512,432     $430,818    
  

 

 

     

 

 

    

Net interest income

   $3,161     $2,901   
   

 

 

     

 

 

   

Net interest-earning assets

  $126,499     $87,249    
  

 

 

     

 

 

    

Interest rate spread(1)

      2.54     2.66

Net interest margin(2)

      2.63     2.93

Average interest-earning assets to average interest-bearing liabilities

   135.78     128.27   

 

(1)

Interest rate spread represents the difference between the weighted average yield on interest-earning assets and the weighted average rate of interest-bearing liabilities.

(2)

Net interest margin represents net interest income divided by average total interest-earning assets.

 

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Rate/Volume Analysis

The following table presents the effects of changing rates and volumes on our net interest income for the periods indicated. The rate column shows the effects attributable to changes in rate (changes in average rate multiplied by prior volume). The volume column shows the effects attributable to changes in volume (changes in volume multiplied by prior period average rate). The total column represents the sum of the prior columns. For purposes of this table, changes attributable to both rate and volume, which cannot be segregated, have been allocated proportionately, based on the changes due to rate and the changes due to volume.

 

   Three Months Ended March 31,
2021 vs. 2020
 
   Increase (Decrease) Due to   Total
Increase
(Decrease)
 
   Volume   Rate 
   (Dollars in thousands) 

Interest-earning assets:

      

Loans

  $319    (438   (119

Securities

   (51   (89   (140

Other

   18    (3   15 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total interest-earning assets

   286    (530   (244
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Interest-bearing liabilities:

      

NOW

   (6   17    11 

Money market deposits

   (261   333    72 

Savings

   (8   14    6 

Certificates of deposit

   184    321    505 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total interest-bearing deposits

   (91   685    594 

Borrowings

   (103   13    (90

Other

   —      —      —   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total interest-bearing liabilities

   (194   698    504 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Change in net interest income

  $92    168    260 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comparison of Operating Results for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 and March 31, 2020

Net Income. We recorded net income of $521,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to net income of $287,000 recorded for the three months March 31, 2020. This increase was due to a $260,000 increase in net interest income. There was also a $1.0 million increase in noninterest income which was offset by a $1.0 million increase in noninterest expense.

Interest and Dividend Income. Interest and dividend income decreased by $244,000, or 6.3%, to $3.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, from $3.9 million for the three months March 31, 2020. The decrease was due primarily to the declining interest rate environment brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic. As a result, interest income from loans decreased by $119,000, or 3.5%, to $3.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, from $3.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. Interest income from securities and other assets decreased by $125,000, or 27.9%, to $323,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2021, from $448,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

Average interest-earning assets increased $84.1 million, or 21.2%, to $480.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, from $395.9 million for the three months March 31, 2020. The weighted average yield on interest-earning assets decreased 85 basis points, to 3.06% for the three months ended March 31, 2021, from 3.91% for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

Interest Expense. Interest expense decreased $504,000, or 52.5%, to $456,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2021, from $960,000 for the three months March 31, 2020. The decrease was due primarily to the declining interest rate environment brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic as rates on interest-bearing liabilities decreased 73 basis points and our shift from certificates of deposits into lower cost FHLB advances as sources of funding.

 

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Net Interest Income. Net interest income increased approximately $260,000, or 8.9%, to $3.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, from $2.9 million for the three months March 31, 2020.

Provision for Loan Losses. We recorded no provision for loan losses for the three months ended March 31, 2021, and for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The allowance for loan losses was $2.7 million, or 0.82%, of total loans (and 0.86% excluding PPP loans), at March 31, 2021, compared to $2.7 million, or 0.81% of total loans (and 0.86% excluding PPP loans), at December 31, 2020. Nonaccrual loans constituted 0.38% of total gross loans (and 0.40% excluding PPP loans) at March 31, 2021, compared to 0.39% of gross loans at December 31, 2020 (and 0.41% excluding PPP loans). Net charge-offs for the three months ended March 31, 2021 were $4,000 compared to net recoveries of $8,000 for the three months March 31, 2020.

Noninterest Income. Noninterest income increased $1.0 million, or 165.5%, for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The increase was due primarily to an increase in loan servicing fees of $588,000, primarily due to the reversal of a $369,000 impairment previously recorded against the value of mortgage servicing rights. The value of mortgage servicing rights increased as a result of an increase in market interest rates. In addition, the change in unrealized gain or loss on the market value of our Rabbi Trust accounts increased $455,000, or 140.4% with an unrealized gain of $131,000 recognized during the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to an unrealized loss of $324,000 recognized during the three months ended March 31, 2020.

Noninterest Expense. Noninterest expense increased $1.0 million, or 33.1%, to $4.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 from $3.1 million for the three months March 31, 2020. The increase was primarily due to a $771,000, or 45.8%, increase in salary and benefit costs which were impacted by a $455,000 increase in the market value of our Rabbi trust accounts. In addition, other expense increased $222,000, or 28.1%, to $1.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 from $791,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020. Tax and accounting services costs increased $102,000, or 117.2%, and software expenses increased $60,000, or 47.3%, for the three months ended March 31, 2021.

Income Taxes. Income tax expense was $161,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and $147,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

Management of Market Risk

General. Our most significant form of market risk is interest rate risk because, as a financial institution, the majority of our assets and liabilities are sensitive to changes in interest rates. Therefore, a principal part of our operations is to manage interest rate risk and limit the exposure of our financial condition and results of operations to changes in market interest rates. Our Asset/Liability Committee is responsible for evaluating the interest rate risk inherent in our assets and liabilities, for determining the level of risk that is appropriate, given our business strategy, operating environment, capital, liquidity and performance objectives, and for managing this risk consistent with the policy and guidelines approved by our board of directors.

Our asset/liability management strategy attempts to manage the impact of changes in interest rates on net interest income, our primary source of earnings. Among the techniques we use to manage interest rate risk are:

 

  

originating commercial real estate and commercial loans, which tend to have shorter terms and higher interest rates than owner occupied one- to four-family residential real estate loans, and which generate customer relationships that can result in larger non-interest-bearing checking accounts;

 

  

selling substantially all of our conforming and eligible jumbo, longer-term, fixed-rate one- to four-family residential real estate loans and retaining the non-conforming and shorter-term, fixed-rate and adjustable-rate one- to four-family residential real estate loans that we originate, subject to market conditions and periodic review of our asset/liability management needs; and

 

  

reducing our dependence on jumbo and brokered certificates of deposit to support lending and investment activities and increasing our reliance on core deposits, including checking accounts and savings accounts, which are less interest rate sensitive than certificates of deposit.

 

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Our board of directors is responsible for the review and oversight of our executive management team and other essential operational staff which are responsible for our asset/liability analysis. These officers act as an asset/liability committee and are charged with developing and implementing an asset/liability management plan, and they meet at least quarterly to review pricing and liquidity needs and assess our interest rate risk. We currently utilize a third-party modeling program, prepared on a quarterly basis, to evaluate our sensitivity to changing interest rates, given our business strategy, operating environment, capital, liquidity and performance objectives, and for managing this risk consistent with the guidelines approved by the board of directors.

We do not engage in hedging activities, such as engaging in futures, options or swap transactions, or investing in high-risk mortgage derivatives, such as collateralized mortgage obligation residual interests, real estate mortgage investment conduit residual interests or stripped mortgage-backed securities.

The table below sets forth, as of March 31, 2021, the calculation of the estimated changes in our net interest income that would result from the designated immediate changes in the United States Treasury yield curve.

 

Change in Interest

Rates (basis points) (1)

  Net Interest Income
Year 1 Forecast
   Year 1 Change
from Level
 
   (Dollars in thousands)     

+400

  $13,792    19.06

+300

   13,335    15.12

+200

   12,817    10.65

+100

   12,254    5.79

Level

   11,584    —  

-100

   11,030    (4.78)% 

 

(1)

Assumes an immediate uniform change in interest rates at all maturities.

Economic Value of Equity. We monitor interest rate risk through the use of a simulation model that estimates the amounts by which the fair value of our assets and liabilities (our economic value of equity or “EVE”) would change in the event of a range of assumed changes in market interest rates. The quarterly reports developed in the simulation model assist us in identifying, measuring, monitoring and controlling interest rate risk to ensure compliance within our policy guidelines.

The table below sets forth, as of March 31, 2021, the estimated changes in our EVE that would result from the designated instantaneous changes in market interest rates. Computations of prospective effects of hypothetical interest rate changes are based on numerous assumptions including relative levels of market interest rates, loan prepayments and deposit decay, and should not be relied upon as indicative of actual results.

 

       Estimated Increase (Decrease) in EVE 

Basis Point (“bp”) Change

in Interest Rates(1)

  Estimated EV(2)   Amount   Percent 
   (Dollars in thousands) 
400  $70,516   $10,608    17.71
300   68,201    8,293    13.84
200   66,323    6,415    10.71
100   63,682    3,774    6.30
—     59,908    —      —  
(100)   58,003    (1,905   (3.18)% 

 

(1)

Assumes an instantaneous uniform change in interest rates at all maturities.

(2)

EVE is the discounted present value of expected cash flows from assets, liabilities and off-balance sheet contracts.

The table above indicates that at March 31, 2021, in the event of a 100-basis point increase in interest rates, we would have experienced a 6.30% increase in our EVE. In the event of a 200-basis point increase in interest rates at March 31, 2021, we would have experienced a 10.71% increase in our EVE.

Certain shortcomings are inherent in the methodology used in the above interest rate risk measurement. Modeling changes in EVE require making certain assumptions that may or may not reflect the manner in which actual yields and costs respond to changes in market interest rates. In this regard, the EVE table presented assumes that the composition of our interest-sensitive assets and liabilities existing at the beginning of a period remains constant over the period being measured and assumes that a particular change in interest rates is reflected uniformly across the yield curve regardless of the duration or repricing of specific assets and liabilities. Accordingly, although the EVE table provides an indication of our interest rate risk exposure at a particular point in time, such measurements are not intended to and do not provide a precise forecast of the effect of changes in market interest rates on EVE and will differ from actual results.

 

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EVE calculations also may not reflect the fair values of financial instruments. For example, decreases in market interest rates can increase the fair values of our loans, deposits and borrowings.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Liquidity describes our ability to meet the financial obligations that arise in the ordinary course of business. Liquidity is primarily needed to meet the borrowing and deposit withdrawal requirements of our customers and to fund current and planned expenditures. Our primary sources of funds are deposits, principal and interest payments on loans and securities, proceeds from the sale of loans, and proceeds from maturities of securities. We also have the ability to borrow from the FHLB. At March 31, 2021, we had $67.9 million outstanding in advances from the FHLB. At March 31, 2021, we had $83.0 million in additional borrowing capacity at the Federal Home Loan Bank of Chicago. Additionally, at March 31, 2021 we had a $10.0 million federal funds rate line of credit with the BMO Harris Bank, none of which was drawn at March 31, 2021. The Company also had a $6.8 million line of credit at the Federal Reserve based on pledged commercial real estate loans of approximately $11.3 million at March 31, 2021. The Company had not drawn on the Federal Reserve line as of March 31, 2021.

While maturities and scheduled amortization of loans and securities are predictable sources of funds, deposit flows and loan prepayments are greatly influenced by general interest rates, economic conditions, and competition. Our most liquid assets are cash and cash equivalents and available-for-sale investment securities. The levels of these assets are dependent on our operating, financing, lending, and investing activities during any given period.

Our cash flows are comprised of three primary classifications: cash flows from operating activities, investing activities, and financing activities. Net cash used in operating activities was $1.1 million and $1.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Net cash used in investing activities, which consists primarily of disbursements for loan originations, purchases of available for sale securities and the purchase of FHLB stock, offset by proceeds from sales of securities, maturing securities and pay downs on securities, was $8.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to net cash provided by investing activities of $10.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. This change in net cash related to investing activities is primarily due to $13.2 million in purchases of available for sale securities during the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to no purchases of available for sale securities for the three months ended March 31, 2020. Further, net loans decreased $1.5 million during the three months ended March 31, 2021 whereas net loans decreased by $7.6 million during the same period in 2020. Net cash provided by financing activities, consisting primarily of a decrease of $2.2 million in deposits and an increase of $3.4 million in advance payments by borrowers for taxes and insurance, was $669 for the three months ended March 31, 2021. Net cash provided by financing activities was $21.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, as a $20.4 million decrease in deposits was offset by $38.0 million in proceeds from the issuance of FHLB advances and $3.7 million in advance payments by borrowers for taxes and insurance.

We are committed to maintaining a strong liquidity position. We monitor our liquidity position on a daily basis. We anticipate that we will have sufficient funds to meet our current funding commitments based on our current strategy to increase core deposits, along with the continued use of FHLB advances as well as brokered certificates of deposit as needed, to fund loan growth.

Capital

The Company’s Board of Directors authorized a stock repurchase plan in the first quarter of 2020 allowing the Company to repurchase up to 109,725 shares of stock. As of March 31, 2021, the Company had repurchased 109,725 shares at an average price of $9.60 under the approved stock repurchase plan.

At March 31, 2021, we exceeded all of our regulatory capital requirements with a Tier 1 leverage capital level of $50.5 million, or 9.9% of adjusted total assets, which is above the well-capitalized required level of $25.4 million, or 5.0%, and total risk-based capital of $53.2 million, or 16.5% of risk-weighted assets, which is above the well-capitalized required level of $32.2 million, or 10.0%. Management is not aware of any conditions or events since the most recent notification that would change our category. For additional information, see Note 13 of the Notes to Financial Statements.

 

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   March 31, 2021 
   Actual  For Capital Adequacy
Purposes
  To Be Well Capitalized
Under Prompt
Corrective Action
Provisions
 
   Amount   Ratio  Amount   Ratio  Amount   Ratio 
   (dollars in thousands) 

Leverage (Tier 1)

  $50,460    9.9 $20,345    4.0 $25,431    5.0

Risk-based:

          

Common Tier 1

   50,460    15.7  14,502    4.5  20,947    6.5

Tier 1

   50,460    15.7  19,335    6.0  25,781    8.0

Total

   53,159    16.5  25,781    8.0  32,226    10.0

In accordance with the recently enacted Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief, and Consumer Protection Act, the federal banking agencies have adopted, effective January 1, 2020, a final rule whereby financial institutions and financial institution holding companies that have less than $10 billion in total consolidated assets and meet other qualifying criteria, including a leverage ratio of greater than 9%, are eligible to opt into a “Community Bank Leverage Ratio” framework. The framework was first available for use in PyraMax Bank’s September 30, 2020 Call Report; however, we did not elect adoption. Qualifying community banking organizations that elect to use the community bank leverage ratio framework and that maintain a leverage ratio of greater than 9% will be considered to have satisfied the generally applicable risk-based and leverage capital requirements in the agencies’ capital rules and will be considered to have met the “well capitalized” ratio requirements under the Prompt Corrective Action statutes. The agencies reserved the authority to disallow the use of the Community Bank Leverage Ratio by a financial institution or holding company based on the risk profile of the organization. The CARES Act and implementing rules temporarily reduced the community bank leverage ratio to 8%, to be gradually increased back to 9% by 2022. The implementing rules also provide that, during the same time period, if a qualifying community banking organization falls no more than 1% below the community bank leverage ratio, it will have a two-quarter grace period to satisfy the community bank leverage ratio.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements and Contractual Obligations

Commitments. As a financial services provider, we routinely are a party to various financial instruments with off-balance-sheet risks, such as commitments to extend credit and unused lines of credit. While these contractual obligations represent our potential future cash requirements, a significant portion of commitments to extend credit may expire without being drawn upon. Such commitments are subject to the same credit policies and approval process accorded to loans we make. For additional information, see Note 9 of the Notes to Financial Statements.

Contractual Obligations. In the ordinary course of our operations, we enter into certain contractual obligations. Such obligations include operating leases for premises and equipment, agreements with respect to borrowings and deposits, and agreements with respect to securities.

The following tables present contractual obligations at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020.

 

       Payments Due by Period 

Contractual Obligations

  Total   Less Than
One Year
   One to Three
Years
   Three to Five
Years
   More Than
Five Years
 
   (Dollars in thousands) 

At March 31, 2021:

          

Long-term debt obligations

  $67,912   $19,462   $10,500   $4,104   $33,846 

Operating lease obligations

   287    77    166    44    0 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $68,199   $19,539   $10,666   $4,148   $33,846 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

At December 31, 2020:

          

Long-term debt obligations

  $68,398   $12,956   $16,987   $4,091   $34,364 

Operating lease obligations

   20    20    —      —      —   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $68,419   $12,977   $16,987   $4,091   $34,364 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Impact of Inflation and Changing Prices

The financial statements and related data presented herein have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America which require the measurement of financial position and operating results in terms of historical dollars without considering changes in the relative purchasing power of money over time due to inflation. The primary impact of inflation on our operations is reflected in increased operating costs. Unlike most industrial companies, virtually all of the assets and liabilities of a financial institution are monetary in nature. As a result, interest rates, generally, have a more significant impact on a financial institution’s performance than does inflation. Interest rates do not necessarily move in the same direction or to the same extent as the prices of goods and services.

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

Not applicable.

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

An evaluation was performed under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, including the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) promulgated under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) as of March 31, 2021. Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective.

During the quarter ended March 31, 2021, there have been no changes in the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

We are not involved in any pending legal proceedings as a plaintiff or defendant other than routine legal proceedings occurring in the ordinary course of business, and at March 31, 2021, we were not involved in any legal proceedings, the outcome of which would be material to our financial condition or results of operations.

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

In addition to the other information set forth in the Form 10-Q, you should carefully consider the risk factors that appeared under Item 1A “Risk Factors” disclosed in the Company’s December 31, 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. There are no material changes from the risk factors included within that report.

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

None.

 

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None.

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

 

Item 5.

Other Information

None.

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

 

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Exhibit
Number

  

Description

2.1  Plan of Conversion and Reorganization of 1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin, MHC dated March  2, 2021 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on March 3, 2021 (Commission File No. 001-38778))
3.1  Charter of 1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 of the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, as amended (Commission File No. 333-227223))
3.2  Bylaws of 1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 of the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, as amended (Commission File No. 333-227223))
10.1  Employment Offer Letter, dated as of January  19, 2021, by and between 1895 Bancorp of Wisconsin, Inc., PyraMax Bank, FSB and David Ball (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on January  25, 2021 (Commission File No. 001-38778))
10.2  Employment Agreement, dated as of January  19, 2021, by and between PyraMax Bank, FSB and David Ball (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 of the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on January 25, 2021 (Commission File No. 001-38778))
31.1  Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 312 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
31.2  Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 312 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
32.1  Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
101.0  The following materials for the quarter ended September 30, 2020, formatted in XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language): (i) Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition, (ii) the Consolidated Statements of Income, (iii) Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss), (iv) Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, and (v) Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements *

 

* Furnished, not filed.

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

    1895 BANCORP OF WISCONSIN, INC.
Date: May 17, 2021  /s/ Richard B. Hurd
    Richard B. Hurd
    Chief Executive Officer
Date: May 17, 2021  /s/ Richard J. Krier
    Richard J. Krier
  

Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

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