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Skillsoft (SKIL)

Filed: 14 Dec 21, 5:00pm

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF

1934

For the quarterly period ended October 31, 2021

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF

1934

For the transition period from ____________ to ____________

Commission File Number: 001-38960

Skillsoft Corp.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

 

83-4388331

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

 

 

300 Innovative Way, Suite 201
Nashua, New Hampshire 03062

(Address of principal executive offices)

Tel: (603) 324-3000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

Class A Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share

Warrants, each whole warrant exercisable for one share of Class A common stock

SKIL

SKIL.WS

New York Stock Exchange

New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes        No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer   

 

Accelerated filer   

Non-accelerated filer   

 

Smaller reporting company   

Emerging growth company   

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes      No    

The number of shares of registrant’s common stock outstanding as of December 9, 2021 was: 133,164,526.

SKILLSOFT CORP.

FORM 10-Q

FOR THE QUARTER ENDED OCTOBER 31, 2021

INDEX

PAGE NO.

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION - UNAUDITED

Item 1. Unaudited Financial Statements:

4

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of October 31, 2021 (Successor) and January 31, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH))

4

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended October 31, 2021 (Successor), Period from June 12, 2021 through October 31, 2021 (Successor), Period from February 1, 2021 through June 11, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH)), Period from August 28, 2020 through October 31, 2020 (Predecessor (SLH)), Period from August 1, 2020 through August 27, 2020 (Predecessor (PL)) and Period from February 1, 2020 through August 27, 2020 (Predecessor (PL))

5

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive (Loss) Income for the three months ended October 31, 2021 (Successor), Period from June 12, 2021 through October 31, 2021 (Successor), Period from February 1, 2021 through June 11, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH)), Period from August 28, 2020 through October 31, 2020 (Predecessor (SLH)), Period from August 1, 2020 through August 27, 2020 (Predecessor (PL)) and Period from February 1, 2020 through August 27, 2020 (Predecessor (PL))

7

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ (Deficit) Equity for the three months ended October 31, 2021 (Successor), Period from June 12, 2021 through July 31, 2021 (Successor), Period from February 1, 2021 through June 11, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH)), Period from August 28, 2020 through October 31, 2020 (Predecessor (SLH)), Period from August 1, 2020 through August 27, 2020 (Predecessor (PL)), and Period from February 1, 2020 through August 27, 2020 (Predecessor (PL))

8

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Period from June 12, 2021 through October 31, 2021 (Successor), Period from February 1, 2021 through June 11, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH)), Period from August 28, 2020 through October 31, 2020 (Predecessor (SLH)) and Period from February 1, 2020 through August 27, 2020 (Predecessor (PL))

10

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

12

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

42

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

58

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

58

PART II — OTHER INFORMATION

60

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

60

Item 1A. Risk Factors

60

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

60

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

60

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

60

Item 5. Other Information

60

Item 6. Exhibits

61

SIGNATURES

62

1

CAUTIONARY NOTES REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Form 10-Q”) includes statements that are, or may be deemed to be, “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, which are intended to be covered by the safe harbors created by those laws. These forward-looking statements include information about possible or assumed future results of our operations. All statements, other than statements of historical facts, that address activities, events or developments that we expect or anticipate may occur in the future, including such things as our outlook, our product development and planning, our pipeline, future capital expenditures, financial results, the impact of regulatory changes, existing and evolving business strategies and acquisitions and dispositions, demand for our services and competitive strengths, goals, the benefits of new initiatives, growth of our business and operations, our ability to successfully implement our plans, strategies, objectives, expectations and intentions are forward-looking statements. Also, when we use words such as “may,” “will,” “would,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “project,” “forecast,” “seek,” “outlook,” “target,” goal,” “probably,” or similar expressions, we are making forward-looking statements. Such statements are based upon the current beliefs and expectations of Skillsoft’s management and are subject to significant risks and uncertainties. Actual results may differ from those set forth in the forward-looking statements. All forward-looking disclosure is speculative by its nature.

There are important risks, uncertainties, events and factors that could cause our actual results or performance to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements contained in this document, including:

our ability to realize the benefits expected from the business combination between Skillsoft, Churchill Capital Corp. II and Global Knowledge;
the impact of changes in consumer spending patterns, consumer preferences, local, regional and national economic conditions, crime, weather, demographic trends and employee availability;
the impact of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic (including any variant) on our business, operating results and financial condition;
fluctuations in our future operating results;
our ability to successfully identify, consummate and achieve strategic objectives in connection with our acquisition opportunities and realize the benefits expected from the acquisition;
the demand for, and acceptance of, our products and for cloud-based technology learning solutions in general;
our ability to compete successfully in competitive markets and changes in the competitive environment in our industry and the markets in which we operate;
our ability to market existing products and develop new products;
a failure of our information technology infrastructure or any significant breach of security, including in relation to the migration of our key platforms from our systems to cloud storage;
future regulatory, judicial and legislative changes in our industry;
our ability to comply with laws and regulations applicable to our business;
the impact of natural disasters, public health crises, political crises, or other catastrophic events;
our ability to attract and retain key employees and qualified technical and sales personnel;
fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates;
our ability to protect or obtain intellectual property rights;
our ability to raise additional capital;
the impact of our indebtedness on our financial position and operating flexibility;
our ability to meet future liquidity requirements and comply with restrictive covenants related to long-term indebtedness;
our ability to successfully defend ourselves in legal proceedings; and
our ability to continue to meet applicable listing standards.

The foregoing list of factors is not exhaustive and new factors may emerge from time to time that could also affect actual performance and results. For more information, please see the risk factors included in the Company’s S-1 amendment filed on July 29, 2021, and subsequent filings with the SEC.

Although we believe that the assumptions underlying our forward-looking statements are reasonable, any of these assumptions, and therefore also the forward-looking statements based on these assumptions, could themselves prove to be inaccurate. Given the significant uncertainties inherent in the forward-looking statements included in this document, our inclusion of this information is not a

2

representation or guarantee by us that our objectives and plans will be achieved. Annualized, pro forma, projected and estimated numbers are used for illustrative purpose only, are not forecasts and may not reflect actual results. Additionally, statements as to market share, industry data and our market position are based on the most currently available data available to us and our estimates regarding market position or other industry data included in this document or otherwise discussed by us involve risks and uncertainties and are subject to change based on various factors, including as set forth above.

Our forward-looking statements speak only as of the date made and we will not update these forward-looking statements unless required by applicable law. With regard to these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the forward-looking events discussed in this document may not occur, and we caution you against unduly relying on these forward-looking statements.

3

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

SKILLSOFT CORP.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT NUMBER OF SHARES)

Successor

Predecessor (SLH)

    

October 31, 2021

  

  

January 31, 2021

ASSETS

 

  

 

  

Current assets:

 

  

 

  

Cash and cash equivalents

$

80,671

$

71,479

Restricted cash

 

2,680

 

2,964

Accounts receivable, less reserves of approximately $2,173 and $294 as of October 31, 2021 and January 31, 2021 respectively

 

136,890

 

179,784

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

42,066

 

30,326

Total current assets

 

262,307

 

284,553

Property and equipment, net

 

17,253

 

13,780

Goodwill

 

872,291

 

495,004

Intangible assets, net

 

904,797

 

728,633

Right of use assets

 

21,928

 

15,131

Deferred tax asset

 

Other assets

 

10,083

 

8,636

Total assets

$

2,088,659

$

1,545,737

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDER'S EQUITY

 

  

 

  

Current liabilities:

 

  

 

  

Current maturities of long-term debt

$

4,800

$

5,200

Borrowings under accounts receivable facility

 

11,080

 

17,022

Accounts payable

 

31,472

 

7,425

Accrued compensation

 

38,681

 

36,375

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

55,772

 

23,125

Lease liabilities

 

7,687

 

4,740

Deferred revenue

 

246,188

 

257,549

Total current liabilities

 

395,680

 

351,436

Long-term debt

 

462,996

 

510,236

Warrant liabilities

 

65,363

 

900

Deferred tax liabilities

 

91,497

 

81,008

Long term lease liabilities

 

15,209

 

13,155

Deferred revenue - non-current

 

1,883

 

3,035

Other long-term liabilities

 

9,699

 

5,998

Total long-term liabilities

 

646,647

 

614,332

Commitments and contingencies

 

 

Shareholders’ equity:

 

  

 

  

(Predecessor SLH) Shareholders’ common stock- Class A and Class B common shares, $0.01 par value: 1,000,000,000 shares authorized (800,000,000 Class A, 200,000,000 Class B) at January 31, 2021; 4,000,000 shares issued and outstanding (3,840,000 Class A, 160,000 Class B) at January 31, 2021

 

40

(Successor) Shareholders’ common stock- Class A common shares, $0.0001 par value: 375,000,000 shares authorized and 133,164,526 shares issued and outstanding at October 31, 2021

 

11

Additional paid-in capital

 

1,301,319

 

674,333

Accumulated deficit

 

(255,132)

 

(93,722)

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 

134

 

(682)

Total shareholders’ equity

 

1,046,332

 

579,969

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

$

2,088,659

$

1,545,737

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

4

SKILLSOFT CORP.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

    

Quarter-to Date Results

Fiscal 2022

Fiscal 2021

Successor

Predecessor (SLH)

Predecessor (PL)

Three Months

From

From

Ended

August 28, 2020

August 1, 2020

    

October 31, 2021

to October 31, 2020

  

  

to August 27, 2020

Revenues:

 

  

  

 

  

Total revenues

$

170,559

$

36,973

 

$

38,687

Operating expenses:

 

  

  

 

  

Costs of revenues

 

48,891

15,882

 

6,329

Content and software development

 

16,437

10,919

 

5,208

Selling and marketing

 

39,938

18,193

 

8,259

General and administrative

 

28,120

10,075

 

5,440

Amortization of intangible assets

 

37,064

15,890

 

4,230

Recapitalization and acquisition-related costs

3,687

8,225

64

Restructuring

777

80

 

38

Total operating expenses

174,914

79,264

 

29,568

Operating (loss) income

(4,355)

(42,291)

 

9,119

Other (expense) income, net

(611)

717

 

(541)

Fair value adjustment of warrants

(36,838)

2,900

 

Interest income

18

9

 

21

Interest expense

(7,510)

(7,919)

 

(1,287)

Reorganization items, net

 

3,339,837

(Loss) income before (benefit from) provision for income taxes

 

(49,296)

(46,584)

 

3,347,149

(Benefit from) provision for income taxes

 

(6,441)

(7,870)

 

78,254

Net (loss) income

(42,855)

(38,714)

 

3,268,895

(Loss) income per share:

 

  

  

 

  

Ordinary – Basic and Diluted (PL)

 

*

*

32,656.29

Class A and B – Basic and Diluted (SLH)

 

*

(9.68)

 

*

Ordinary – Basic and Diluted (Successor)

(0.32)

*

 

*

Weighted average common share outstanding:

 

  

  

 

  

Ordinary – Basic and Diluted (PL)

 

*

*

 

100.1

Class A and B – Basic and Diluted (SLH)

 

*

4,000

 

*

Ordinary – Basic and Diluted (Successor)

 

133,116

*

 

*

*Not applicable

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

5

SKILLSOFT CORP.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

    

Year-to Date Results

Fiscal 2022

Fiscal 2021

Successor

Predecessor (SLH)

Predecessor (SLH)

Predecessor (PL)

From

From

From

From

June 12, 2021 to

February 1, 2021

August 28, 2020

February 1, 2020

    

October 31, 2021

to June 11, 2021

to October 31, 2020

  

  

to August 27, 2020

Revenues:

 

  

  

  

 

  

Total revenues

$

261,572

$

139,636

$

36,973

 

$

273,851

Operating expenses:

 

  

 

  

  

 

  

Costs of revenues

 

76,897

 

35,881

15,882

 

52,160

Content and software development

 

26,316

 

24,084

10,919

 

38,986

Selling and marketing

 

62,171

 

41,940

18,193

 

75,028

General and administrative

 

45,194

 

17,217

10,075

 

37,455

Amortization of intangible assets

 

57,087

 

50,902

15,890

 

34,378

Impairment of intangible assets

 

332,376

Recapitalization and acquisition-related costs

13,682

6,938

8,225

32,099

Restructuring

1,093

(703)

80

 

1,179

Total operating expenses

282,440

176,259

79,264

 

603,661

Operating loss

(20,868)

(36,623)

(42,291)

 

(329,810)

Other (expense) income, net

(1,308)

(493)

717

 

1,268

Fair value adjustment of warrants

(19,723)

900

2,900

 

Interest income

30

64

9

 

105

Interest expense

(17,366)

(16,820)

(7,919)

 

(168,341)

Reorganization items, net

 

3,329,245

(Loss) income before (benefit from) provision for income taxes

 

(59,235)

 

(52,972)

(46,584)

 

2,832,467

(Benefit from) provision for income taxes

 

(4,527)

 

(3,708)

(7,870)

 

68,455

Net (loss) income

(54,708)

(49,264)

(38,714)

 

2,764,012

(Loss) income per share:

 

  

 

  

  

 

  

Ordinary – Basic and Diluted (PL)

 

*

 

*

*

27,612.51

Class A and B – Basic and Diluted (SLH)

 

*

 

(12.32)

(9.68)

 

*

Ordinary – Basic and Diluted (Successor)

(0.41)

*

*

 

*

Weighted average common share outstanding:

 

  

 

  

  

 

  

Ordinary – Basic and Diluted (PL)

 

*

 

*

*

 

100.1

Class A and B – Basic and Diluted (SLH)

 

*

 

4,000

4,000

 

*

Ordinary – Basic and Diluted (Successor)

 

133,096

 

*

*

 

*

*Not applicable

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

6

SKILLSOFT CORP.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE (LOSS) INCOME

(IN THOUSANDS)

Quarter-to Date Results

Fiscal 2022

Fiscal 2021

Successor

Predecessor (SLH)

Predecessor (PL)

Three Months

From

From

Ended

August 28, 2020

August 1, 2020

    

October 31, 2021

to October 31, 2020

  

to August 27, 2020

Comprehensive (loss) income:

 

  

  

 

  

Net (loss) income

$

(42,855)

$

(38,714)

$

3,268,895

Other comprehensive (loss) income — Foreign currency adjustment, net of tax

 

(772)

168

 

92

Comprehensive (loss) income

$

(43,627)

$

(38,546)

$

3,268,987

Year-to Date Results

Fiscal 2022

Fiscal 2021

Successor

Predecessor (SLH)

Predecessor (SLH)

Predecessor (PL)

From

From

From

From

June 12, 2021 to

February 1, 2021

August 28, 2020

February 1, 2020

    

October 31, 2021

to June 11, 2021

  

to October 31, 2020

  

to August 27, 2020

Comprehensive (loss) income:

 

  

��

  

  

 

  

Net (loss) income

$

(54,708)

$

(49,264)

$

(38,714)

$

2,764,012

Other comprehensive income (loss) — Foreign currency adjustment, net of tax

 

134

(430)

168

 

(2,268)

Comprehensive (loss) income

$

(54,574)

$

(49,694)

$

(38,546)

$

2,761,744

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

7

SKILLSOFT CORP.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)

(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT NUMBER OF SHARES)

    

    

    

    

    

    

Ordinary Shares

Accumulated Other

Number of

Additional Paid-

Accumulated

Comprehensive

Total Shareholder's

Shares

Par Value

In Capital

(Deficit) Equity

(Loss) Income

(Deficit) Equity

Balance January 31, 2020 (Predecessor (PL))

 

100,100

 

$

138

 

$

83

 

$

(2,761,499)

 

$

(466)

 

$

(2,761,744)

Translation adjustment

 

 

 

 

 

(629)

 

(629)

Net loss

 

 

 

 

(433,902)

 

 

(433,902)

Balance April 30, 2020 (Predecessor (PL))

 

100,100

 

138

 

83

 

(3,195,401)

 

(1,095)

 

(3,196,275)

Translation adjustment

 

 

 

 

 

(1,731)

 

(1,731)

Net loss

 

 

 

 

(70,981)

 

 

(70,981)

Balance July 31, 2020 (Predecessor (PL))

 

100,100

 

138

 

83

 

(3,266,382)

 

(2,826)

 

(3,268,987)

Translation adjustment

 

 

 

 

 

92

 

92

Net income

 

 

 

 

3,268,895

 

 

3,268,895

Cancellation of Predecessor equity

(100,100)

(138)

(83)

221

Elimination of predecessor accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

(2,734)

2,734

Issuance of Successor shares

4,000,000

40

666,933

666,973

Balance August 27, 2020 (Predecessor (PL))

 

4,000,000

 

$

40

 

$

666,933

 

$

 

$

 

$

666,973

Balance August 28, 2020 (Predecessor (SLH))

4,000,000

40

666,933

666,973

Impact of Warrant modification

7,400

7,400

Translation adjustment

168

168

Net loss

(38,714)

(38,714)

Balance October 31, 2020 (Predecessor (SLH))

 

4,000,000

 

$

40

 

$

674,333

 

$

(38,714)

 

$

168

 

$

635,827

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

8

SKILLSOFT CORP.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDER’S EQUITY (DEFICIT)

(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT NUMBER OF SHARES)

Ordinary Shares

Accumulated Other

Number of

Additional Paid-

Accumulated

Comprehensive

Total Shareholder's

Shares

Par Value

In Capital

(Deficit) Equity

(Loss) Income

(Deficit) Equity

Balance January 31, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH))

 

4,000,000

$

40

$

674,333

$

(93,722)

$

(682)

 

$

579,969

Translation adjustment

 

 

 

 

 

(228)

 

(228)

Net loss

 

 

 

 

(37,405)

 

 

(37,405)

Balance April 30, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH))

 

4,000,000

 

40

674,333

(131,127)

(910)

 

542,336

Translation adjustment

 

 

 

 

 

(202)

 

(202)

Net loss

 

 

 

 

(11,859)

 

 

(11,859)

Balance June 11, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH))

 

4,000,000

 

$

40

$

674,333

$

(142,986)

$

(1,112)

 

$

530,275

Balance June 12, 2021 (Successor)

 

51,559,021

 

3

 

305,447

 

(200,423)

 

 

105,027

Issuance of shares, PIPE Investment

 

53,000,000

 

5

 

608,161

 

 

 

608,166

Issuance of shares, Skillsoft Merger consideration

 

28,500,000

 

3

 

306,372

 

 

 

306,375

Issuance of shares, Global Knowledge acquisition

 

 

 

14,000

 

 

 

14,000

Reclassify Public Warrants to equity

56,120

56,120

Reclassify Private Placement Warrants - CEO to equity

2,800

2,800

Cash payout for fractional shares

(1)

(1)

Share-based compensation

 

 

 

4,817

 

 

 

4,817

Translation adjustment

 

 

 

 

 

906

 

906

Net loss

 

 

 

 

(11,854)

 

 

(11,854)

Balance July 31, 2021 (Successor)

133,059,021

11

1,297,716

(212,277)

906

1,086,356

Share-based compensation

 

 

 

4,217

 

 

 

4,217

Common stock issued

166,667

Shares repurchased for tax withholding upon vesting of restricted stock-based awarded

(61,162)

(614)

(614)

Translation adjustment

 

 

 

 

 

(772)

 

(772)

Net loss

 

 

 

 

(42,855)

 

 

(42,855)

Balance October 31, 2021 (Successor)

 

133,164,526

 

$

11

$

1,301,319

$

(255,132)

$

134

 

$

1,046,332

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

9

SKILLSOFT CORP.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(IN THOUSANDS)

    

Fiscal 2022

Fiscal 2021

Successor

Predecessor (SL)

  

Predecessor (SL)

  

  

Predecessor (PL)

June 12, 2021

February 1, 2021

August 28, 2020

February 1, 2020

through

through

through

through

October 31, 2021

June 11, 2021

October 31, 2020

August 27, 2020

Cash flows from operating activities:

Net (loss) income

$

(54,708)

$

(49,264)

$

(38,714)

$

2,764,012

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

 

 

  

 

  

 

  

Share-based compensation

 

9,034

Depreciation and amortization

4,309

3,572

1,509

5,864

Amortization of intangible assets

57,087

50,902

15,890

34,378

Change in bad debt reserve

(668)

(174)

186

24

(Benefit from) provision for income taxes – non-cash

(9,937)

(5,886)

(8,214)

66,234

Non-cash interest expense

913

487

143

2,407

Impairment of intangible assets

332,376

Fair value adjustment to warrants

19,723

(900)

(2,900)

Right-of-use asset

3,473

748

1,245

1,594

Non-cash reorganization items, net

(3,353,326)

Changes in current assets and liabilities, net of effects from acquisitions:

  

  

  

Accounts receivable

 

(8,446)

88,622

(24,396)

116,478

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

(5,002)

1,828

(4,017)

66

Accounts payable

 

(1,636)

 

(4,866)

 

3,776

(7,909)

Accrued expenses, including long-term

 

13,962

 

(18,592)

 

11,888

 

145,816

Lease liability

 

(4,046)

 

(1,301)

 

(1,510)

 

(2,332)

Deferred revenue

 

(24,599)

 

(31,365)

 

47,987

 

(101,765)

Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities

 

(541)

 

33,811

 

2,873

 

3,917

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Purchase of property and equipment

 

(4,351)

 

(641)

 

(1,340)

 

(3,105)

Internally developed software - capitalized costs

 

(2,293)

 

(2,350)

 

(908)

 

(3,819)

Acquisition of Global Knowledge, net of cash received

(156,926)

Acquisition of Skillsoft, net of cash received

(386,035)

Acquisition of Pluma, net of cash received

 

(18,646)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(568,251)

 

(2,991)

 

(2,248)

 

(6,924)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Borrowings under revolving line of credit, net of repayments

 

19,500

Borrowings under DIP Facility

 

60,000

Proceeds from Exit Facility borrowing

50,000

Debt issuance costs associated with DIP and Exit facilities

(19,524)

Shares repurchased for tax withholding upon vesting of restricted stock-based awarded

(614)

Proceeds from equity investment (PIPE)

 

530,000

Proceeds from issuance of term loans, net of fees

 

464,290

Principal payments on capital lease obligation

 

(407)

 

(370)

 

(162)

(532)

Proceeds from accounts receivable facility, net of borrowings

 

(23,198)

 

16,577

 

(28,909)

 

(35,787)

Repayment of First and Second Out loans

 

(605,591)

 

(1,300)

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

 

364,480

 

14,907

 

(29,071)

 

73,657

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

 

(820)

 

203

 

699

 

(2,139)

Net (decrease) increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

(205,132)

 

45,930

 

(27,747)

 

68,511

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period

 

288,483

 

74,443

 

102,315

 

33,804

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period

$

83,351

$

120,373

$

74,568

$

102,315

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

Cash and cash equivalents

$

80,671

$

117,299

$

70,836

$

92,009

Restricted cash

2,680

3,074

3,732

10,306

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period

$

83,351

$

120,373

$

74,568

$

102,315

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

10

SKILLSOFT CORP.

UNAUDITED SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOWS INFORMATION

(IN THOUSANDS)

    

Fiscal 2022

Fiscal 2021

Successor

  

  

Predecessor (SL)

  

Predecessor (SL)

  

  

Predecessor (PL)

June 12, 2021

February 1, 2021

August 28, 2020

February 1, 2020

through

through

through

through

October 31, 2021

June 11, 2021

October 31, 2020

August 27, 2020

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information and non-cash investing and financing activities:

 

  

 

  

  

 

  

Cash paid for interest

$

5,030

$

16,439

$

$

Cash paid for income taxes, net of refunds

$

1,505

$

1,161

$

560

$

913

Unpaid capital expenditures

$

123

$

39

$

140

$

1,039

Note issued to parent entity for paid in kind interest

$

$

$

$

160,000

Lease liabilities arising from right-of-use assets and tenant improvements recognized upon adoption of new accounting standard

$

$

$

$

19,415

Share issued in connection with business combinations

$

306,375

$

$

$

PIPE subscription liability and warrants reclassified to equity

$

134,286

$

$

$

Debt issued in connection with business combinations

$

90,000

Warrants issued in connection with business combinations

$

14,000

$

$

$

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

11

SKILLSOFT CORP.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(1) Organization and Description of Business

The Company

Skillsoft Corp. (“Successor”)

On October 12, 2020, Software Luxembourg Holding S.A. (“Software Luxembourg” or “Predecessor (SLH)”) and Churchill Capital Corp II, a Delaware corporation (“Churchill”), entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Skillsoft Merger Agreement”) by and between Churchill and Software Luxembourg.  Pursuant to the terms of the Skillsoft Merger Agreement, a business combination between Churchill and Software Luxembourg was effected through the merger of Software Luxembourg with and into Churchill (the “Skillsoft Merger”), with Churchill being the surviving company. At the effective time of the Skillsoft Merger (the “Effective Time”), (a) each Class A share of Software Luxembourg, with nominal value of $0.01 per share (“Skillsoft Class A Shares”), outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time, was automatically canceled and Churchill issued as consideration therefor (i) such number of shares of Churchill’s Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “Churchill Class A common stock”) as would be transferred pursuant to the Class A First Lien Exchange Ratio (as defined in the Skillsoft Merger Agreement), and (ii) Churchill’s Class C common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “Churchill Class C common stock”), as would be transferred pursuant to the Class C Exchange Ratio (as defined in the Skillsoft Merger Agreement), and (b) each Class B share of Software Luxembourg, with nominal value of $0.01 per share (“Skillsoft Class B Shares”), was automatically canceled and Churchill issued as consideration therefor such number of shares of Churchill Class A common stock equal to the Per Class B Share Merger Consideration (as defined in the Skillsoft Merger Agreement). Immediately following the Effective Time, Churchill redeemed all of the shares of Class C common stock issued to the holders of Skillsoft Class A Shares for an aggregate redemption price of (i) $505,000,000 in cash and (ii) indebtedness under the Existing Second Out Credit Agreement (as defined in the Skillsoft Merger Agreement), as amended by the Existing Second Out Credit Agreement Amendment (as defined in the Skillsoft Merger Agreement), in the aggregate principal amount equal to the sum of $20,000,000 to be issued by the Surviving Corporation (as defined in the Skillsoft Merger Agreement) or one of its subsidiaries, in each case, pro rata among the holders of Churchill Class C common stock issued in connection with the Skillsoft Merger.

Prior to the closing of the Skillsoft Merger, the Company consummated the PIPE investments and issued 53,000,000 shares of its Class A common stock and warrants to purchase 16,666,667 shares of its Class A common Stock for aggregate gross proceeds of $530 million. In connection with the consummation of these investments, the Company reclassified amounts recorded for stock subscriptions and warrants which previously had been accounted for as liabilities of $78.2 million as additional paid in capital.

On June 11, 2021 (“acquisition date”), Churchill completed its acquisition of Software Luxembourg, and changed its corporate name from Churchill to Skillsoft Corp. (the “Company”). In addition, the Company changed its fiscal year end from December 31 to January 31.

On June 11, 2021, the Company completed the acquisition of Albert DE Holdings Inc. (“Global Knowledge” and such acquisition, the “Global Knowledge Merger”), a worldwide leader in IT and professional skills development.

Software Luxembourg Holding (“Predecessor (SLH)”) and Pointwell Limited (“Predecessor (PL)”)

Software Luxembourg, a public limited liability company incorporated and organized under the laws of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, was established on August 27, 2020 for the purpose of acquiring the ownership interest in Pointwell Limited (“Pointwell”), an Irish private limited company, through a plan of reorganization under Chapter 11 subsequent to August 27, 2020. Pointwell is a wholly owned subsidiary of Software Luxembourg, held indirectly through two holding companies, Software Luxembourg Intermediate S.à r.l. and Software Luxembourg Acquisition S.à r.l, both private limited liability companies incorporated and organized under the laws of the Grandy Duchy of Luxembourg. Prior to August 28, 2020, Pointwell had been a direct wholly owned subsidiary of Evergreen Skills Lux S.à r.l., with an ultimate parent company of Evergreen Skills Top Holding Lux, both private limited liability companies incorporated and organized under the laws of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.

Successor and Predecessor Periods

References to “Successor” or “Successor Company” relate to the consolidated financial position and results of operations of Skillsoft subsequent to June 11, 2021, the date when the acquisitions of Predecessor (SLH) and Global Knowledge were completed. References to “Predecessor (SLH)” relate to the consolidated financial position and results of operations of Software Luxembourg Holding between

12

August 28, 2020 and June 11, 2021 (its last date of operations prior to the merger). Operating results for the acquired business on June 11, 2021 were credited to the Predecessor (SLH) in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations. The funds received from the PIPE investments and transferred for the business combinations closing on June 11, 2021 recorded in the Successor period of the consolidated statement of cash flows. References to “Predecessor (PL)” relate to the consolidated financial position and results of operations of Pointwell prior to August 28, 2020.

Description of Business

The Company provides, through its Skillsoft, Global Knowledge (“GK”) and SumTotal brands, enterprise learning solutions designed to prepare organizations for the future of work, overcome critical skill gaps, drive demonstrable behavior-change, and unlock the potential in their people. Skillsoft offers a comprehensive suite of premium, original, and authorized partner content, featuring one of the broadest and deepest libraries of leadership & business, technology & developer, and compliance curricula. With access to a broad spectrum of learning options (including video, audio, books, bootcamps, live events, and practice labs), organizations can meaningfully increase learner engagement and retention. Skillsoft’s offerings are delivered through Percipio, the Company’s award-winning, AI-driven, immersive learning platform purpose built to make learning easier, more accessible, and more effective.

References in the accompanying footnotes to the Company’s fiscal year refer to the fiscal year ended January 31 of that year (e.g., fiscal 2021 is the fiscal year ended January 31, 2021).

Basis of Financial Statement Preparation

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Skillsoft (Successor), Software Luxembourg (Predecessor (SLH)) and Pointwell (Predecessor (PL)) and their wholly owned subsidiaries. These financial statements are unaudited. However, in the opinion of management, the condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all normal and recurring adjustments necessary for their fair statement. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of results expected for any other interim period or a full year. We prepared the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in accordance with the instructions for Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X and, therefore, include all information and footnotes necessary for a complete presentation of operations, comprehensive income (loss), financial position, changes in stockholders’ equity (deficit) and cash flows in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”). The accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of January 31, 2021 was derived from the audited consolidated financial statements of Software Luxembourg (Predecessor (SLH)) and does not include all disclosures required by U.S. GAAP for annual financial statements. The audited consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended January 31, 2021 of Software Luxembourg (Predecessor (SLH)), which were included in the Company’s Form 8-K/A filing on June 17, 2021, contains the information and footnotes necessary for such presentation. Accordingly, the financial statements contained in these interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements of Software Luxembourg (Predecessor (SLH)) for the year ended January 31, 2021.

The Company is an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act, as modified by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS” Act”), and it may take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not emerging growth companies including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the independent registered public accounting firm attestation requirements of Section 40 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in its periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved.

Principles of Consolidation

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All material intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reported periods. Actual results could differ from our estimates.

13

(2) Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

The Company’s significant accounting policies are discussed in Note 2—Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Recent Accounting Pronouncements in the Software Luxembourg audited financial statements for the year ended January 31, 2021, which were included in the Company’s Form 8-K/A filing on June 17, 2021. There have been no changes to these policies during the period ended October 31, 2021, except as noted below.

Stock-based Compensation

The Company recognizes compensation expense for stock options and time-based restricted stock units granted to employees on a straight-line basis over the service period that awards are expected to vest, based on the estimated fair value of the awards on the date of the grant. The Company calculates the fair value of stock-options with service based vesting conditions on the date of grant and uses the Black-Scholes model to estimate the fair value of stock options. In estimating the fair value of options, the Company determines the expected term using the simplified method. The simplified method deems the term to be the average of the time to vesting and the contractual life of the options. The Company recognizes forfeitures as they occur.

For restricted-stock units that have market conditions or performance conditions, the Company recognizes compensation expense using an accelerated attribution method.

Derivative Liabilities

The Company accounts for debt and equity issuances as either equity-classified or liability-classified instruments based on an assessment of the instruments specific terms and applicable authoritative guidance in Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 480, Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (“ASC 480”) and ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging (“ASC 815”). The assessment considers whether the instruments are freestanding financial instruments pursuant to ASC 480, meet the definition of a liability pursuant to ASC 480, and whether the instruments meet all of the requirements for equity classification under ASC 815, including whether the instruments are indexed to the Company’s own common stock and whether the holders could potentially require “net cash settlement” in a circumstance outside of the Company’s control, among other conditions for equity classification. This assessment, which requires the use of professional judgment, is conducted at the time of issuance of the instruments and as of each subsequent quarterly period end date while the instruments are outstanding.

For issued or modified instruments that meet all of the criteria for equity classification, the instruments are required to be recorded as a component of additional paid-in capital at the time of issuance. For issued or modified instruments that do not meet all the criteria for equity classification (which includes 16.3 million of private placement warrants held by the sponsors for Churchill), the instruments are required to be recorded at their initial fair value on the date of issuance, and each balance sheet date thereafter. Changes in the estimated fair value of the instruments are recognized as a non-cash gain or loss on the statements of operations.

Contract Acquisition Costs

The Company recognizes deferred contract acquisition costs over (i) the expected customer relationship period in the case of new customers, which is typically 3 to 5 years for initial commissions, and (ii) the contractual term for existing customers for commissions paid in connection with renewals. For each of the Predecessor periods, the Company applied the practical expedient allowing for recognizing expense as incurred sales commissions and other contract acquisition costs, where the amortization period would be one year or less.  The Company does not apply the practical expedient for the Successor period.

Recently Adopted Accounting Guidance

On October 28, 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-08 – Business Combinations (Topic 805): Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers (“ASU 2021-08”). ASU 2021-08 requires an acquirer in a business combination to recognize and measure deferred revenue from acquired contracts using the revenue recognition guidance in Accounting Standards Codification Topic 606, rather than the prior requirement to record deferred revenue at fair value.  ASU 2021-08 allows for immediate adoption on a retrospective basis for all business combinations that have occurred since the beginning of the annual period that includes the interim period of adoption. The Company elected to adopt ASU 2021-08 early on a retrospective basis, effective at the beginning of the Successor period on June 11, 2021.

14

The adoption of ASU 2021-08 effective as of June 11, 2021 had the following impact on the Company’s previously reported results:

For the period from June 11, 2021 to July 31, 2021

    

As Previously Reported

    

Impact of Adoption of ASU 2021-08

    

As Adjusted

Total revenues

$

57,912

$

33,100

$

91,012

Operating loss

 

(49,613)

 

33,100

 

(16,513)

Loss before benefit from income taxes

(43,039)

33,100

(9,939)

Benefit from income taxes

(5,504)

7,419

1,915

Net loss

 

(37,535)

 

25,681

 

(11,854)

Net loss - basic and diluted

$

(0.28)

$

0.19

$

(0.09)

The adoption of ASU 2021-08 also resulted in the increase of goodwill by $123.5 million attributable to the acquisitions of Software Luxembourg Holdings S.A., Albert DE Holdings, Inc. and Pluma Inc. during the period ended July 31, 2021, as a result of the revised measurement of deferred revenue for acquisitions.

(3) Business Combinations

(a) Software Luxembourg Holdings S.A. (“Predecessor (SLH)” or “Skillsoft Legacy”)

On June 11, 2021, Software Luxembourg Holding S.A. merged with and into Churchill Capital Corp II (Churchill) which subsequently changed its name to Skillsoft Corp..

The Skillsoft Merger was considered a business combination under ASC  805, Business Combinations and will be accounted for using the acquisition method of accounting, whereby Churchill was determined to be the accounting acquirer based on their rights to nominate six members of the initial Board of Directors, the size of their voting interest and their rights to appoint the Chief Executive Officer of Skillsoft Corp. and other members of management of the combined company prior to closing.

Under the acquisition method, the acquisition date fair value of the consideration paid by the Company was allocated to the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values.

The following summarizes the purchase consideration (in thousands):

Description

    

Amount

Class A common stock issued

$

258,000

Class B common stock issued *

 

48,375

Cash payments

505,000

Second Out Term Loan

20,000

Cash settlement of seller transaction costs

 

1,308

Total Purchase Price

$

832,683

*Shares of Class B common stock was converted into Successor Class A common stock at the time of the Merger.

15

The Company preliminarily recorded the fair value of the purchase price to tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed as follows (in thousands):

Updated

Preliminary Purchase

Preliminary Purchase

Description

Price Allocation

Adjustments (1)(2)

    

Price Allocation

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

$

120,273

$

$

120,273

Current assets

118,847

436

119,283

Property and equipment

 

10,825

 

 

10,825

Intangible assets

769,799

(4,701)

765,098

Long term assets

 

18,629

 

 

18,629

Total assets acquired

1,038,373

(4,265)

1,034,108

Current liabilities

 

(49,056)

 

 

(49,056)

Debt, including accounts receivable facility

 

(552,977)

 

 

(552,977)

Deferred revenue

 

(123,300)

 

(113,790)

 

(237,090)

Deferred tax liability

 

(99,699)

 

15,297

 

(84,402)

Long term liabilities

 

(18,325)

 

1

 

(18,324)

Total liabilities assumed

(843,357)

(98,492)

(941,849)

Net assets acquired

195,016

(102,757)

92,259

Goodwill

637,667

102,757

740,424

Total purchase price

$

832,683

$

$

832,683

(1)The increase in deferred revenue (and the corresponding increase to Goodwill by the same amount) is the result of the adoption of ASU 2021-08 in the quarter ended October 31, 2021.
(2)All other changes represent measurement period adjustments attributable to the Company’s review of inputs and assumptions utilized in valuation models and additional information being obtained on preacquisition liabilities. The measurement period adjustments did not have a significant impact on the Company’s results of operations in prior periods.

The preliminary values allocated to identifiable intangible assets and their estimated useful lives are as follows: (in thousands):

Description

    

Amount

    

Life

Trademark/tradename - Skillsoft

$

84,700

 

indefinite

Trademark/tradename – SumTotal

 

5,800

 

9.6

years

Courseware

186,600

 

5

years

Proprietary delivery and development software

114,598

2.5-7.6

years

Publishing Rights

 

41,100

 

5

years

Customer relationships

 

271,400

 

12.6

years

Backlog

 

60,900

 

4.6

years

Total

$

765,098

 

  

Values and useful lives assigned to intangible assets were based on estimated value and use of these assets by a market participant. The customer relationships and backlog were valued using the income approach. The trade names were valued using the relief from royalty method. The content and software were valued using the replacement cost approach.

Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the net identifiable tangible and intangible assets acquired. The Company determined that the acquisition of the Predecessor (SLH) resulted in the recognition of goodwill primarily because the acquisition is expected to help the Company to meet its long-term operating profitability objectives through achievement of synergies. The majority of goodwill is not deductible for tax purposes.

The acquired intangible assets and goodwill are subject to review for impairment if indicators of impairment develop and, in the case of goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets, at least annually.

16

The Company incurred $6.4 million in acquisition-related expenses, which primarily consisted of transaction fees and legal, accounting and other professional services that are included in “Recapitalization and transaction-related costs” in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations. Approximately $4.3 million was reported in the period from February 1, 2021 to June 11, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH)) and $2.1 million was reported in the period from June 12, 2021 to October 31, 2021 (Successor).

(b) Albert DE Holdings, Inc. (“GK”)

On June 11, 2021, GK and its subsidiaries were acquired by Skillsoft, in conjunction with, and just subsequent to, its merger with Churchill Capital Corp II (then becoming merged Company).

The acquisition was accounted for as a business combination under ASC805, Business Combinations, utilizing the acquisition method. Under the acquisition method, the acquisition date fair value of the consideration paid by the Company was allocated to the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values.

The following summarized the purchase consideration (in thousands):

Description

    

Amount

Cash consideration

$

170,199

Warrants Issued

 

14,000

Joinder Term Loans

70,000

Cash settlement of seller transaction costs

4,251

Total Purchase Price

$

258,450

The Company preliminarily recorded the fair value of the purchase price to tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed as follows (in thousands):

Updated

Preliminary Purchase

Preliminary Purchase

Description

Price Allocation

Adjustments (1)(2)

    

Price Allocation

Cash, cash equivalents

$

17,524

$

$

17,524

Current assets

 

47,849

 

 

47,849

Property and equipment

5,531

5,531

Intangible assets

185,800

185,800

Long term assets

 

12,401

 

(621)

 

11,780

Total assets acquired

269,105

(621)

268,484

Current liabilities

 

(74,463)

 

(1,468)

 

(75,931)

Deferred revenue

 

(23,018)

 

(8,191)

 

(31,209)

Deferred tax liabilities

(16,934)

876

(16,058)

Long term liabilities

(4,248)

508

(3,740)

Total liabilities assumed

(118,663)

(8,275)

(126,938)

Net assets acquired

150,442

(8,896)

141,546

Goodwill

108,008

8,896

116,904

Total Purchase Price

$

258,450

$

$

258,450

(1)The increase in deferred revenue (and the corresponding increase to Goodwill by the same amount) is the result of the adoption of ASU 2021-08 in the quarter ended October 31, 2021.
(2)All other changes represent measurement period adjustments attributable to the Company’s review of inputs and assumptions utilized in valuation models and additional information being obtained on preacquisition liabilities. The measurement period adjustments did not have a significant impact on the Company’s results of operations in prior periods.

17

The preliminary values allocated to identifiable intangible assets and their estimated useful lives are as follows: (in thousands):

Description

    

Amount

    

Life

Trademark/tradename

$

25,400

 

indefinite

Courseware

 

1,500

 

3

years

Proprietary delivery and development software

2,500

 

2

years

Vendor relationships

43,900

2.6

years

Customer relationships

 

112,500

 

10.6

years

Total

$

185,800

 

  

Values and useful lives assigned to intangible assets were based on estimated value and use of these assets by a market participant. The customer relationships and vendor relationships were valued using the income approach. The trade name was valued using the relief from royalty method. The courseware and proprietary delivery software were valued using the replacement cost approach.

Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the net identifiable tangible and intangible assets acquired. The Company determined that the acquisition of GK resulted in the recognition of goodwill primarily because the acquisition is expected to help the Company to meet its long-term operating profitability objectives through achievement of synergies. The majority of goodwill is not deductible for tax purposes.

The acquired intangible assets and goodwill are subject to review for impairment if indicators of impairment develop and otherwise at least annually.

The Company incurred $0.8 million in acquisition-related expenses, which primarily consisted of transaction fees and legal, accounting and other professional services that are included in “Acquisition related expenses” in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations. Approximately $0.8 million was reported in the period from June 12, 2021 to October 31, 2021 (Successor).

Unaudited Pro Forma Financial Information

The following unaudited pro forma financial information summarizes the results of operations for the Company as though the acquisition of Skillsoft and Global Knowledge had occurred on February 1, 2020 (in thousands):

Unaudited Pro Forma Statement of Operations

Three months

Three months

Nine months

Nine months

ended October 31,

ended October 31,

ended October 31,

ended October 31,

    

2021

    

2020

    

2021

    

2020

Revenue

$

170,559

$

162,133

$

498,821

$

497,408

Net loss

 

(54,348)

 

(17,782)

 

(80,379)

 

(60,367)

The unaudited pro forma financial information does not assume any impacts from revenue, cost or other operating synergies that could be generated as a result of the acquisition. The unaudited pro forma financial information is for informational purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of the results of operations that would have been achieved had the acquisition been consummated on February 1, 2020.

The Successor and Predecessor periods have been combined in the pro forma for the three and nine months ended October 31, 2021 and include adjustments to reflect intangible asset amortization based on the economic values derived from definite-lived intangible assets and interest expense on the new debt financing.

Other pro forma adjustments include the following:

The adoption of ASU 2021-08 is reflected for all Successor and Predecessor periods presented for comparability.
Gains on reorganization of $3.3 billion are excluded from results presented for the three and nine months ended October 31, 2020.

18

Impairment of goodwill and intangible assets recorded in April 2020 of $332.4 million has been excluded from the nine months ended October 31, 2020.
The pro forma results of operations exclude recapitalization and acquisition-related costs consist of professional fees for legal, investment banking and other advisor costs incurred in connection with the Predecessor’s recapitalization efforts, including the evaluation of strategic alternatives, preparation for the Chapter 11 filing and subsequent emergence in August 2020. Transaction costs related to the business combinations occurring in June 2021 are presented as if they occurred in February 2020.

Other Acquisitions

On June 30, 2021, the Company acquired Pluma, Inc. The acquisition enhances the Company’s leadership development offerings, adds a new modality to its blended learning model, and allows the Company to now offer a premium individualized coaching experience. Cash paid for Pluma in the Successor period was lower than the agreed upon purchase price of Pluma for $22 million due to a contractual holdback and working capital adjustment. The fair value of the net assets acquired included $15.6 million of goodwill and $8.7 million of identified intangible assets, which had a weighted average life of 7.4 years. The business is reported as part of the Company’s Skillsoft reportable segment. Pro forma information and acquisition expenses have not been presented because such information is not material to the financial statements.

Measurement Period

The preliminary purchase price allocations for the acquisitions described above are based on initial estimates and provisional amounts.  In accordance with ASC 805-10-25-13, if the initial accounting for a business combination is incomplete by the end of the reporting period in which the combination occurs, the acquirer shall report in its financial statements provisional amounts for the items for which the accounting is incomplete. During the measurement period, acquirer shall adjust the provisional amounts recognized at the acquisition date to reflect new information obtained about facts and circumstances that existed as of the acquisition date that, if known, would have affected the measurement of the amounts recognized as of that date.  With three acquisitions during the period ended October 31, 2021, the Company continues to refine its inputs and estimates inherent in (i) the valuation of intangible assets, (ii) deferred income taxes, (iii) realization of tangible assets and (iv) the accuracy and completeness of liabilities.

(4) Intangible Assets

Intangible assets consisted of the following (in thousands):

October 31, 2021 (Successor)

January 31, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH))

    

Gross

    

    

Net

    

Gross

    

    

Net

Carrying

Accumulated

Carrying

Carrying

Accumulated

Carrying

Amount

Amortization

Amount

Amount

Amortization

Amount

Developed software/ courseware

$

309,709

$

27,216

$

282,493

$

265,758

$

24,669

$

241,089

Customer contracts/ relationships

 

386,400

 

7,708

 

378,692

 

279,500

 

3,627

 

275,873

Vendor relationships

 

43,900

 

12,879

 

31,021

Trademarks and trade names

 

9,700

 

582

 

9,118

 

6,300

 

455

 

5,845

Publishing rights

 

41,100

 

3,174

 

37,926

 

35,200

 

2,933

 

32,267

Backlog

 

60,900

 

4,201

 

56,699

 

90,200

 

8,141

 

82,059

Skillsoft trademark

 

84,700

 

84,700

 

91,500

 

91,500

Global Knowledge trademark

 

25,400

1,252

 

24,148

Total

$

961,809

$

57,012

$

904,797

$

768,458

$

39,825

$

728,633

19

Amortization expense related to the existing finite-lived intangible assets is expected to be as follows (in thousands):

Fiscal Year

    

Amortization Expense

2022 (Remaining 3 months)

$

37,030

2023

 

168,953

2024

148,443

2025

124,196

2026

 

118,674

Thereafter

 

222,801

Total

$

820,097

Amortization expense related to intangible assets in the aggregate was $37.1 million for the three months ended October 31, 2021 (Successor), $57.1 million for the period from June 12, 2021 through October 31, 2021 (Successor), $50.9 million for the period from February 1, 2021 through June 11, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH)), $15.9 million for the period from August 28, 2020 through October 31, 2020 (Predecessor (SLH)), $4.2 million for the period from August 1, 2020 through August 27, 2020 (Predecessor (PL)) and $34.4 million for the period from February 1, 2020 through August 27, 2020 (Predecessor (PL)).

Fresh-start Reporting for Intangible Assets (Predecessor (SLH))

In accordance with ASC 852, with the application of fresh-start reporting, the Company allocated its reorganization value to its individual assets based on their estimated fair values in conformity with ASC 805, including those of intangible assets.

Intangible assets were measured based upon estimates of the future performance and cash from the Successor Company at emergence. Values and useful lives assigned to intangible assets were based on estimated value and use of these assets by a market participant. The customer contracts/relationships and backlog were valued using the income approach. The trademarks and trade names were valued using the relief from royalty method. The income approach determines fair value by estimating the after-tax cash flows attributable to an identified asset over its useful life (Level 3 inputs) and then discounting these after-tax cash flows back to a present value. The developed software/courseware and publishing rights were valued using the replacement cost approach. The cost approach determines fair value by estimating the cost to replace or reproduce an asset at current prices and is reduced for functional and economic obsolescence.

Impairment Review Requirements

The Company reviews intangible assets subject to amortization if any adverse conditions exist or a change in circumstances has occurred that would indicate impairment or a change in remaining useful life. The Company reviews indefinite lived intangible assets, including goodwill, on the annual impairment test date or more frequently if there are indicators of impairment. No such indicators were present during the period ended October 31, 2021.

Goodwill for the Predecessor (SLH) represents the excess of the reorganization value over the fair value of tangible and intangible assets in fresh start accounting. Goodwill in the Successor and Predecessor (PL) periods represented the excess of the purchase price in a business combination over the fair value of net tangible and intangible assets acquired.

The Company tests goodwill for impairment on the first day of the last month of the fourth quarter (January 1) in accordance with ASC 350, Intangibles—Goodwill.

In connection with the impairment evaluation, the Company may first consider qualitative factors to determine whether the existence of events or circumstances indicates that it is more likely than not (i.e., a likelihood of more than 50%) that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. Performing a quantitative goodwill impairment test is not necessary if an entity determines based on this assessment that it is not more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. If the Company fails or elects to bypass the qualitative assessment, the goodwill impairment test must be performed. This test requires a comparison of the carrying value of the reporting unit to its estimated fair value. If the carrying value of a reporting unit’s goodwill exceeds its fair value, an impairment loss equal to the difference is recorded, not to exceed the amount of goodwill allocated to the reporting unit. In determining reporting units, the Company first identifies its operating segments, and then assesses whether any components of these segments constitute a business for which discrete financial information is available and where segment management regularly reviews the operating results of that component.

20

Impairment of Goodwill and Intangible Assets for the Predecessor (PL) Period

During the three months ended April 30, 2020, the emergence of COVID-19 as a global pandemic had an adverse impact on our business. While the online learning tools the Company offers have many advantages over traditional in person learning in the current environment, some of the Company’s customers in heavily impacted industries have sought to temporarily reduce spending, resulting in reductions in contract sizes and in some cases cancellations when such contracts have come up for renewal. In addition, identifying and pursuing opportunities for new customers became much more challenging in this environment. In addition to the uncertainty introduced by COVID-19, the Company’s over leveraged capital structure continued to create headwinds. In April 2020, the Company received temporary forbearance from its lenders due to a default on amounts owed under the Senior Credit Facility as a long-term consensual solution was being negotiated with lenders. The uncertainty around the Company’s capital structure and future ownership, continued to hurt its business, as new and existing customers displayed apprehension about the ultimate resolution of the Company’s capital structure and its impact on operations, causing delays and sometimes losses in business. The uncertainty surrounding the Company’s capital structure combined with the potential impact that COVID-19 would have on the Company and the global economy, resulted in a significant decline in the fair value of its reporting units during the first quarter ended April 30, 2020, with the impact being more significant to the SumTotal business on a relative basis due to its smaller scale and forecasted cash flow generation.

As part of the Company’s evaluation of impairment indicators based on the circumstances described above as of April 30, 2020, the Company determined its SumTotal long-lived asset group failed the undiscounted cash flow recoverability test. Accordingly, the Company estimated the fair value of its individual long-lived assets to determine if any impairment charges were present. The Company’s estimation of the fair value of definite lived intangible assets included the use of discounted cash flow analyses which reflected estimates of future revenue, customer attrition rates, royalty rates, cash flows, and discount rates. Based on these analyses, the Company concluded the fair values of certain SumTotal intangible assets were lower than their current carrying values, accordingly impairment charges of $62.3 million were recognized in the three months ended April 30, 2020 (Predecessor (PL)).

In light of the circumstances above, management also concluded that a triggering event had occurred with respect to the Company’s indefinite-lived Skillsoft trade name as of April 30, 2020. Accordingly, the Company estimated the fair value of the Skillsoft trade name using a discounted cash flow analysis which reflected estimates of future revenue, royalty rates, cash flows, and discount rates. Based on this analysis, the Company concluded the carrying value of the Skillsoft trade name exceeded its fair value, resulting in an impairment charge of $92.2 million in the three months ended April 30, 2020 (Predecessor (PL)).

In accordance with ASC 350, for goodwill the Company determined triggering events had occurred and performed an impairment test as of April 30, 2020 that compared the estimated fair value of each reporting unit to their respective carrying values. The prospective financial information used for fiscal years 2021, 2022 and 2023 for these impairment tests was consistent with financial projections included in the Plan of Reorganization and future growth rates tracked to terminal growth rate assumptions. The Company considered the results of both a discounted cash flow (“DCF”) analysis and an EBITDA multiple approach. The Company also considered observable debt trading prices for the debt jointly borrowed by its parent entity and the Company’s subsidiary, Skillsoft Corporation, however, by the end of March 2020, most holders were restricted from trading in anticipation of a restructuring and market prices after that period were therefore less reliable. The results of the impairment tests performed indicated that the carrying value of the Skillsoft and SumTotal reporting units exceeded their estimated fair values determined by the Company. Based on the results of the goodwill impairment testing procedures, the Company recorded a $107.9 million goodwill impairment for the Skillsoft reporting unit and a $70.0 million goodwill impairment for the SumTotal reporting unit.

In total, as described in detail above, the Company recorded $332.4 million of goodwill and intangible asset impairment charges for the three months ended April 30, 2020 (Predecessor (PL)), consisting of (i) $62.3 million of impairments of SumTotal definite-lived intangible assets, (ii) an $92.2 million impairment of the Skillsoft trade name, (iii) a $107.9 million goodwill impairment for the Skillsoft reporting unit and (iv) a $70.0 million goodwill impairment for the SumTotal reporting unit. The Company believes that its procedures for estimating gross future cash flows for each intangible asset are reasonable and consistent with current market conditions for each of the dates when impairment testing was performed.

21

A roll forward of goodwill is as follows:

Description

    

Skillsoft

    

SumTotal

    

GK

    

Consolidated

Goodwill, net January 31, 2021 (Predecessor SLH)

$

491,654

$

3,350

$

$

495,004

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

(135)

 

(135)

Goodwill, net June 11, 2021 (Predecessor SLH)

 

491,519

 

3,350

 

$

494,869

Acquisition of Skillsoft and GK

659,667

75,065

116,413

851,145

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

(13)

 

(46)

3

 

(56)

Acquisition of Pluma

 

14,892

 

14,892

Goodwill, net July 31 2021 (Successor)

$

674,546

$

75,019

$

116,416

$

865,981

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

(38)

 

(23)

(564)

 

(625)

Measurement period adjustments

 

4,992

700

491

 

6,183

Measurement period adjustments - (Pluma)

752

752

Goodwill, net October 31, 2021(Successor)

$

680,252

$

75,696

$

116,343

$

872,291

Goodwill at October 31, 2021 (Successor) and January 31, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH)), for the Skillsoft segment was $680.3 million and $491.7 million, respectively. There were 0 accumulated impairment losses for the Skillsoft segment at October 31, 2021 (Successor) and January 31, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH)).

Goodwill at October 31, 2021 (Successor) and January 31, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH)), for the SumTotal segment was $75.7 million and $3.4 million, respectively. There were 0 accumulated impairment losses for the SumTotal segment at October 31, 2021 (Successor) and January 31, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH)).

Goodwill at October 31, 2021 (Successor), for the Global Knowledge segment was $116.3 million. There were 0 accumulated impairment losses for the Global Knowledge segment at October 31, 2021.

(5) Taxes

For the Successor period from June 12, 2021 through October 31, 2021, the Company recorded a tax benefit of $4.5 million on pretax loss of $59.2 million. The tax benefit reflects current period changes in the Company’s valuation allowance on our deferred tax assets and the impact of foreign rate differential. During the quarter ended October 31, 2021, the Company recorded a reserve of $5.2 million for an uncertain tax position related to the applicability of the base erosion and anti-abuse income tax.

For the Predecessor (SLH) period from February 1, 2021 through June 11, 2021, the Company recorded a tax benefit of $3.7 million on pretax loss of $53.0 million. The tax benefit reflects the impact of changes in the Company’s valuation allowance on our deferred tax assets and for foreign rate differential.

For the Predecessor (SLH) period from August 28, 2020 through October 31, 2020 the Company recorded a tax benefit of $7.9 million on pretax losses of $46.6 million. The tax benefit reflected the impact of foreign rate differential, changes in the Company’s valuation allowance on our deferred tax assets and the impairment of intangible assets.

For the Predecessor (PL) period from February 1, 2020 through August 28, 2020 the Company recorded a tax provision of $68.5 million on pretax gains of $2,832.5 million which primarily related to the recognition of $73.4 million in consolidated tax expense from fresh-start accounting and reorganization items described above being partially offset by a tax benefit recognized upon impairment of the indefinite lived tradename asset described further in Note 4.

22

(6) Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets

Prepaid expense and other current assets in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets consist of the following (in thousands):

    

Successor

  

  

Predecessor (SLH)

October 31, 2021

January 31, 2021

Deferred commission costs – current

$

3,906

$

3,147

Reclaimable tax

7,368

9,927

Prepaid software maintenance costs

9,090

 

8,587

Prepaid royalties

 

2,995

 

2,958

Prepaid insurance costs

 

4,441

 

752

Prepaid employee benefits

1,573

1,620

Other Prepaid expenses

 

7,690

 

2,336

Course material

1,625

Deposits

2,178

Other receivables

1,164

964

Other current asset

36

35

Total prepaid expenses and other current assets

$

42,066

$

30,326

(7) Other Assets

Other assets in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets consist of the following (in thousands):

    

Successor

  

  

Predecessor (SLH)

October 31, 2021

January 31, 2021

Deferred commission costs – non-current

$

5,077

$

4,437

Deposits

3,062

1,618

Other

1,944

 

2,581

Total other assets

$

10,083

$

8,636

(8) Accrued Expenses

Accrued expenses in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets consisted of the following (in thousands):

    

Successor

  

  

Predecessor (SLH)

October 31, 2021

January 31, 2021

Professional fees

$

10,280

$

8,832

Accrued sales tax/VAT

6,207

5,379

Accrued royalties

1,668

 

2,152

Accrued tax

 

3,355

 

2,634

Accrued interest

 

7,920

 

491

Accrued Virtual, on-demand and classroom related costs

 

13,757

Refundable payments

2,852

Other accrued liabilities

 

9,733

 

3,637

Total accrued expenses

$

55,772

$

23,125

23

(9) Restructuring

In connection with strategic initiatives implemented during the period ended October 31, 2021 (Successor), June 11, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH)), October 31, 2020 (Predecessor (SLH)) and August 27, 2020 (Predecessor (PL)), the Company’s management approved and initiated plans to reduce its cost structure and better align operating expenses with existing economic conditions and the Company’s operating model. The Company recorded $1.1 million of restructuring charges during the period from June 12, 2021 through October 31, 2021 (Successor) and recorded a credit of $0.7 million during the period from February 1, 2021 through June 11, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH)). The Company recorded charges of $0.1 million for the period from August 28, 2020 through October 31, 2020, and $1.2 million for the period from February 1, 2020 through August 27, 2020 (Predecessor (PL)), which is included in the statement of operations as restructuring.  Substantially all of this charge represents the severance costs of terminated employees.

(10) Leases, Commitments and Contingencies

Leases

The Company measured Skillsoft and Global Knowledge’s legacy lease agreements as if the leases were new at the acquisition date and applied the provisions of Topic 842. This resulted in the recognition of right-of-use (ROU) assets and lease liabilities of $21.9 million and $22.9 million, respectively, as of October 31, 2021. All leases are classified as operating leases, except an equipment lease agreement for the Company’s hosting services and storage, which qualifies as finance lease under U.S. GAAP.

The Company’s lease portfolio includes office space, training centers, equipment and vehicles to support its research and development activities, sales operations and other corporate and administrative functions in North America, Europe and Asia. The Company’s leases have remaining terms of one year to twelve years. Some of the Company’s leases include options to extend or terminate the lease prior to the end of the agreed upon lease term. For purposes of calculating lease liabilities, lease terms include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise such options.

Operating lease ROU assets and liabilities are recognized based on the present value of the future minimum lease payments over the expected lease term. As the Company’s operating leases generally do not provide an implicit rate, the Company uses an estimated incremental borrowing rate in determining the present value of future payments. The incremental borrowing rate represents an estimate of the interest rate the Company would incur at the acquisition date to borrow an amount equal to the lease payments on a collateralized basis over the term of a lease within a particular location and currency environment. The Company used a weighted average incremental borrowing rate of 6.12% as of June 11, 2021, the acquisition date, for its operating leases that commenced prior to that date. The Company used an implicit rate provided in the equipment lease agreement for its finance lease in determining the present value of future payments. The Company elected the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance which were applied consistently to all of the Company’s leases that commenced before the acquisition date. The Company also elected the short-term lease recognition exemption for all qualifying leases, where ROU assets and lease liabilities are not recognized for leases with the remaining terms of less than one year.

The operating leases are included in the caption “Right of use assets”, “Lease Liabilities”, and “Long-term lease liabilities” on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets as of October 31, 2021. The finance lease is included in the caption “Property and equipment, net” and “Lease Liabilities” on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets as of October 31, 2021. The weighted-average remaining lease term of the Company’s operating leases is 5.4 years, and the remaining lease term of its finance lease is 0.2 year as of October 31, 2021. Lease costs for minimum lease payments are recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The lease costs were $2.1 million and related cash payments were $2.3 million for the period from February 1, 2021 to June 11, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH)). The lease costs were $4.8 million and related cash payments were $4.4 million for the period from June 12, 2021 to October 31, 2021 (Successor). The lease costs were $3.9 million and related cash payments were $3.6 million for the period from February 1, 2020 to August 27, 2020 (Predecessor (PL)). The lease costs were $1.1 million and related cash payments were $1.1 million for the period from August 28, 2020 to October 31, 2020 (Predecessor (SLH)). Lease costs are included within content and software development, selling and marketing, and general and administrative lines on the consolidated statements of operations, and the operating leases related cash payments were included in the operating cash flows and the finance lease related cash payments were included in the financing cash flows on the consolidated statements of cash flows. Short-term lease costs and variable lease costs are not material.

24

The table below reconciles the undiscounted future minimum lease payments under non-cancellable leases to the total lease liabilities recognized on the consolidated balance sheets as of October 31, 2021 (Successor):

Fiscal Year Ended January 31 (in thousands):

    

Operating Leases

Finance Lease

2022 (excluding 3 months ended October 31, 2021)

$

2,400

$

602

2023

 

8,375

2024

4,551

2025

3,256

2026

 

1,411

Thereafter

 

6,007

Total future minimum lease payments

 

26,000

602

Less effects of discounting

 

(3,690)

(16)

Total lease liabilities

$

22,310

$

586

Reported as of October 31, 2021

 

  

Lease liabilities

$

7,101

$

586

Long-term lease liabilities

 

15,209

Total lease liabilities

$

22,310

$

586

Litigation

From time to time, the Company is a party to or may be threatened with litigation in the ordinary course of its business. The Company regularly analyzes current information, including, as applicable, the Company’s defense and insurance coverage and, as necessary, provides accruals for probable and estimable liabilities for the eventual disposition of these matters. The Company is presently not a party to any material legal proceedings.

In connection with the Skillsoft Merger, 2 lawsuits were filed by Churchill shareholders alleging breaches of fiduciary duty and violations of the disclosure requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.  These lawsuits were dismissed as of July 6, 2021, and July 7, 2021, respectively, following the completion of the Skillsoft Merger on June 11, 2021.

Guarantees

The Company’s software license arrangements and hosting services are typically warranted to perform in a manner consistent with general industry standards that are reasonably applicable and substantially in accordance with the Company’s product documentation under normal use and circumstances. The Company’s arrangements also include certain provisions for indemnifying customers against liabilities if its products or services infringe a third party’s intellectual property right.

The Company has entered into service level agreements with some of its hosted application customers warranting certain levels of uptime reliability and such agreements permit those customers to receive credits against monthly hosting fees or terminate their agreements in the event that the Company fails to meet those levels for an agreed upon period of time.

To date, the Company has not incurred any material costs as a result of such indemnifications or commitments and has not accrued any liabilities related to such obligations in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

25

(11) Long-Term Debt

Debt consisted of the following (in thousands):

    

Successor

  

Predecessor (SLH)

October 31, 2021

January 31, 2021

Term Loan - current portion

$

4,800

$

5,200

Current maturities of long-term debt

$

4,800

$

5,200

Term Loan - long-term portion

475,200

514,800

Less: Fresh-Start Reporting Fair Value Adjustment

 

(4,564)

Less: Original Issue Discount - long-term portion

 

(6,945)

Less: Deferred Financing Costs - long-term portion

 

(5,259)

Long-term debt

$

462,996

$

510,236

Exit Credit Facility (Predecessor)

Upon emergence from Chapter 11, the Company entered into the Exit Credit Facility of $520 million consisting of (i) a $110 million super senior term loan facility, the First Out Term Loan due in December 2024, and (ii) a $410 million first lien, second-out term loan facility, the Second Out Term Loan due in April 2025. The Exit Credit Facility incurred interest at a rate equal to LIBOR plus 7.50% per annum, with a LIBOR floor of 1.00%. The Exit Credit Facility contained customary provisions and reporting requirements, including prepayment penalties and a maximum leverage covenant. Quarterly principal repayments of $1.3 million began for the quarter ended April 30, 2021 and increased to $2.6 million for the quarter ended April 30, 2022 until maturity.

Immediately following the effective time of the Skillsoft Merger on June 11, 2021, each outstanding share of Churchill Class C common stock issued to the former holders of Skillsoft Class A Shares in connection with the Skillsoft Merger was redeemed for a redemption price of (i) $131.51 per share in cash and (ii) $5.208 per share in incremental indebtedness (the “Class A SO Incremental Loans”) under that certain Senior Secured Second Out Term Loan Credit Agreement (the “SO Credit Agreement”), dated as of August 27, 2020, by and among Software Luxembourg Intermediate S.à r.l. (���Holdings”), as the parent borrower (the “Parent Borrower”), the other borrower party thereto, the lenders from time to time party thereto and Wilmington Savings Fund Society, FSB, as the administrative agent and collateral agent, as amended (the “SO Credit Agreement”) for a total aggregate increase of $20 million of second out term loans under the SO Credit Agreement. In addition, upon the closing of the Global Knowledge Merger, (i) pursuant to a Joinder Agreement, dated as of June 11, 2021, by and among certain lenders party thereto, Holdings, the Parent Borrower and the other borrower party thereto, such lenders were issued an aggregate principal amount of $50 million of incremental first out term loans (the “GK FO Incremental Loans”) under that certain Senior Secured Term Loan Credit Agreement dated as of August 27, 2020, by and among Holdings, the Parent Borrower, the other borrower party thereto, the several banks and other financial institutions from time to time party thereto, as lenders and Wilmington Savings Fund Society, FSB, as administrative agent and collateral agent, as amended (the “FO Credit Agreement”) and (ii) pursuant to a Joinder Agreement, dated as of June 11, 2021 by and among certain lenders party thereto, Holdings, the Parent Borrower, the other borrower party thereto, such lenders were issued an aggregate principal amount of $20 million of incremental second out term loans under the SO Credit Agreement (the “GK SO Incremental Loans” and together with the GK FO Incremental Loans and the Class A SO Incremental Loans, the “Incremental Loans”).

Term Loan (Successor)

On July 16, 2021, Skillsoft Finance II, Inc. (“Skillsoft Finance II”), a subsidiary of Skillsoft Corp., entered into a Credit Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”), by and among Skillsoft Finance II, as borrower, Skillsoft Finance I, Inc., as holdings (“Holdings”), the lenders party thereto and Citibank, N.A., as administrative agent and collateral agent, pursuant to which the lenders provided a $480 million term loan facility (the “Term Loan Facility”) to Skillsoft Finance II, the proceeds of which, together with cash on hand, were used to refinance the First Out Term Loan and Second Out Term Loan (discussed above). The Term Loan Facility is scheduled to mature on July 16, 2028 (the “Maturity Date”).

The Term Loan Facility is guaranteed by Holdings and certain material subsidiaries of Skillsoft Finance II (collectively, the “Loan Parties”). All obligations under the Credit Agreement, and the guarantees of those obligations, are secured by substantially all of the material assets of the Loan Parties.

26

Amounts outstanding under the Term Loan Facility bear interest, at the option of Skillsoft Finance II, at a rate equal to (a) LIBOR (subject to a floor of 0.75%) plus 4.75% for Eurocurrency Loans or (b) the highest of (i) the Federal Funds Effective Rate plus ½ of 1%, (ii) the “prime rate” quoted by the Administrative Agent, (iii) LIBOR plus 1.00% and (iv) 1.75%, plus 3.75% for ABR Loans. The $480 million of initial term loan bears interest at a rate equal to LIBOR plus 4.75%, per annum, with a LIBOR floor of 0.75%, and quarterly principal repayments of $1.2 million begin for the quarter ended January 31, 2022 until maturity.

Voluntary prepayment is permitted under the Term Loan Facility subject to a premium of 2% for any prepayments prior to the 12 month anniversary of the Term Loan Facility. Loan Parties are subject to various affirmative and negative covenants and reporting obligations under the Credit Facility. These include, among others, limitations on indebtedness, liens, sale and leaseback transactions, investments, fundamental changes, assets sales, restricted payments, affiliate transactions, and restricted debt payments. Events of default under the Term Loan Facility include non-payment of amounts due to the lenders, violation of covenants, materially incorrect representations, defaults under other material indebtedness, judgments and specified insolvency-related events, certain ERISA events, and invalidity of loan or collateral documents, subject to, in certain instances, specified thresholds, cure periods and exceptions.

The Company received $464.3 million of net proceeds (net of $8.5 million of financing costs and $7.2 million of original issuance discounts) from the Term Loan Facility on July 16, 2021. The Company used the net proceeds and cash on hand to pay down $608.7 million of outstanding borrowings from the Exit Credit Facility and $5.0 million of interest on July 16, 2021.

The refinancing was accounted for as a modification for certain lenders and an extinguishment for other lenders and debt issuance costs and lender fees were accounted for in proportion to whether the related principal balance was considered modified or extinguishments. Accordingly, both newly incurred and deferred financing costs and original issuance discounts of $5.5 million and $7.2 million, respectively, will be amortized as additional interest expense over the term of the Term Loan. Furthermore, $3.1 million of third-party costs incurred were recognized as interest expenses in the accompanying statement of operations for the period from June 12, 2021 through October 31, 2021.

The Company’s debt outstanding as of October 31, 2021 matures as shown below (in thousands):

Fiscal year ended January 31:

    

  

2022 (remaining 3 months)

$

1,200

2023

 

4,800

2024

4,800

2025

4,800

2026

 

4,800

Thereafter

 

459,600

Total payments

 

480,000

Less: Current portion

 

(4,800)

Less: Unamortized original issue discount and issuance costs

 

(12,204)

Long-term portion

$

462,996

(12) Long-Term Liabilities

Other long-term liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets consist of the following (in thousands):

    

Successor

    

Predecessor (SLH)

October 31, 2021

January 31, 2021

Uncertain tax positions; including interest and penalties – long-term

$

7,897

$

5,794

Other

1,802

204

Total other long-term liabilities

$

9,699

$

5,998

27

(13) Shareholders’ Equity

Skillsoft Corp. (Successor)

Capitalization

As of October 31, 2021, the Company’s authorized share capital consisted of 375,000,000 shares of Class A common stock, 3,840,000 shares of Class C common stock and 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock, with a par value $0.0001 each. As of October 31, 2021, 133,164,526 shares of Class A common stock were issued and outstanding.

The number of authorized shares of Class A common stock or preferred stock authorized for issuance may be increased by the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority in voting power of the Company’s capital stock entitled to vote thereon. Except as required by law, holders of share of Class C common stock are not entitled to vote any such shares.

Subject to applicable law, the Company may declare dividends to be paid ratably to holders of Class A common stock out of the Company’s assets that are legally available to be distributed as dividends in the discretion of the Company’s board of directors. Holders of Class C common stock are generally not entitled to dividends.

Software Luxembourg Holding S.A. (Predecessor (SLH))

Reorganization

On August 27, 2020 Pointwell (which had been a direct wholly owned subsidiary of Evergreen Skills Lux S.à r.l.), and certain of its subsidiaries, completed a reorganization. As a result of the reorganization, ownership of Pointwell was transferred to the Company’s lenders and no consideration or right to future consideration was provided to the former equity holders of Pointwell. In addition, the shared-based compensation plans, described below were cancelled with no consideration provided.

In Settlement of Predecessor’s first and second lien debt obligations, the holders of the Predecessors first lien received a total of 3,840,000 of Class A common shares. The Predecessor’s second lien holders received a total of 160,000 of Class B common shares and a total of 705,882 warrants to purchase additional common shares. The predecessor warrants were valued using a probability-based approach that considered management’s estimate of the probability of (i) a sale of the company that met certain conditions that caused the warrants to be cancelled for no consideration, (ii) a sale of the company that did not meet certain conditions that caused the warrants to be cancelled for no consideration and (iii) warrants being held to maturity, with the last two scenarios utilizing a Black-Scholes model to estimate fair value.

The warrants included a provison whereby, in the event of a  sale of the Company meeting certain conditions (“Favored Sale”), the warrants would be cancelled for no consideration, however, in such an event, the holders of Class B shares would receive a higher share of any consideration paid in the form of common stock by the acquiring company. The conditions of the Favored Sale were established in anticipation of a Churchill merger and mirror the ultimate agreement executed on October 12, 2020. The Board of Directors and required level of warrant holders amended the warrants such that the deadline a Favored Sale to occur was extended to October 12, 2020.  An amendment to extend the date by which a Favored Sale could occur represented a modification to both the warrants and the participation right held by the Class B holders.  Management measured the impact of the modification to both the freestanding warrants and the participation right held by the Class B holders by comparing their fair values immediately before and after the modification. The net impact of the increase in the value of the participation right held by Class B stockholders, of $13.3 million, and the decrease in the value of the warrants, of $7.4 million, is reflected as a decrease of $5.9 million in earnings attributable to Class A common stockholders and an increase to $5.9 million earnings attributable to Class B common stockholders for earnings per share purposes.  The $7.4 million decrease in the value of warrants is reflected as a capital contribution and is reflected as an increase to additional-paid-in-capital in the period from August 28, 2020 through October 31, 2020 (Predecessor SLH).

As a result of the Skillsoft Merger, the warrants were terminated for no consideration on June 11, 2021.

Share Capital

As of January 31, 2021 the Predecessor’s authorized share capital consisted of 1,000,000,000 common shares with a par value $0.01 each. This consists of 800,000,000 Class A shares and 200,000,000 Class B shares. As of January 31, 2021, 4,000,000 common shares were issued and outstanding. This consists of 3,840,000 Class A shares and 160,000 Class B shares.

28

Any amendment to the share capital of the Predecessor shall be voted upon by the extraordinary general meeting of shareholders upon approval by a majority of the shareholders representing three quarters of the share capital at least. The Predecessor has no authorized share capital which would enable its board of managers to increase the share capital. Each share of the Predecessor is entitled to one vote at ordinary and extraordinary general meetings. The amendments to the articles of association of the Predecessor require the approval of a majority of shareholders representing three quarters of the share capital at least. In case the Predecessor shall have only one single shareholder, the sole shareholder exercises all the powers granted to the general meeting of shareholders.

Any legally available amounts to be distributed by the Predecessor in or in respect of any financial period (the Predecessor’s financial year starts on the first of February and ends on the thirty-first of January) may be distributed amongst the holders of shares in proportion to the number of shares held by them. Any decision to distribute legally available amounts shall be adopted either by the board of managers or the general meeting of shareholders of the Predecessor, as the case may be.

(14) Warrants

In connection with the formation of the Company and subsequent acquisitions of Software Luxembourg Holdings and Albert DE, warrants to purchase common stock were issued to investors, sellers of Albert DE and an executive of the company. Warrants that are not subject to ASC 718, Stock Compensation and (i) contained features that could cause the warrant to be puttable to the Company for cash or (ii) had terms that prevented the conversion of the warrant from being fixed in all circumstances, are classified as a liability on the Company’s balance sheet and measured at fair value, with changes in fair value being recorded in the income statement, whereas all other warrants meet the equity scope exception and are classified as equity and not remeasured.

A summary of liability classified warrants is as follows (in thousands, except per share amounts):

Underlying 

Fair Value  

Common 

Strike 

Redemption 

Expiration 

at October 31,

Type

    

Shares

    

Price

    

Price

    

Date

    

2021

Private Placement Warrants – Sponsor

 

16,300

$

11.50

 

NaN

6/11/26

$

65,363

Simultaneously with the closing of the initial public offering, Churchill Capital (the “Sponsor) purchased an aggregate of 15,800,000 Private Placement Warrants. An additional 1,500,000 of warrants were issued at the closing in connection with the repayment of a promissory note due to the Sponsor. 1,000,000 of the Private Placement warrants were transferred to the incoming CEO as described below. These warrants held by the Sponsor include provisions that provide for potential changes to the settlement amounts on redemptions were dependent upon the characteristics of the holder of the warrant. Because the holder of the instrument is not an input into the pricing of a fixed-for-fixed option on equity shares, the warrants are precluded from being indexed to the entity’s stock and are classified as a liability measured at fair value, with changes in fair value each period reported in earnings.

A summary of equity classified warrants is as follows (in thousands, except per share amounts):

    

Underlying 

    

    

    

Common 

Strike 

Redemption 

Expiration 

Type

Shares

Price

Price

Date

Public Warrants

23,000

$

11.50

$

18.00

6/11/26

Private Placement Warrants (PIPE)

16,667

$

11.50

$

18.00

6/11/26

Private Placement Warrants (Global Knowledge)

 

5,000

$

11.50

 

NaN

 

10/12/25

Private Placement Warrants (CEO)

 

1,000

$

11.50

 

NaN

 

6/11/26

Total

 

45,667

 

  

 

 

  

 

  

A description of each category of warrants issued and outstanding is as follows:

Public Warrants – Pursuant to the initial public offering, the Company sold units that consisted of 1 share of Class A common stock and one-third of one redeemable warrant (“Public Warrant”), resulting in the issuance of 23,000,000 warrants. Prior to the Skillsoft Merger, Churchill Capital Corp II had classified these warrants as liabilities due to tender offer provisions which states that in in the event of a tender or exchange offer made to and accepted by holders of more than 50% of the outstanding shares of a single class of common stock, all holders of the warrants would be entitled to receive cash for their warrants. Accordingly, there were potential scenarios outside of the control of the Company (which had more than one class of

29

outstanding common stock prior to the Merger), where all warrant holders would be entitled to cash, while only certain of the holders of the underlying shares of common stock would be entitled to cash, requiring the warrants to be classified as a liability measured at fair value, with changes in fair value reported each period in earnings.  Upon the completion of the Skillsoft Merger on June 11, 2021, when only one class of voting shares remained outstanding, the warrants could now meet equity classification criteria as net cash settlement can only be triggered in circumstances in which the holders of the shares underlying the contract also would receive cash in the event of a fundamental change in the ownership of the Company, such as a change in control. Accordingly, the fair value of the warrants was transferred to equity and cumulative losses recognized from changes in fair value remain in the Company’s accumulated deficit balance.
Private Placement Warrants (PIPE) – In connection with the second step investment made by the anchor PIPE investor, 16,666,667 warrants were issued to a PIPE investor to purchase Churchill Class A common stock.  The PIPE Private Placement Warrants are issued in the same form as the Public Warrants.
Private Placement Warrants (Global Knowledge) – Upon completion of the acquisition of Albert DE, 5,000,000 warrants were issued to the former owners of Global Knowledge.  These warrants are similar to the Private Placement Warrants except the warrants are not subject to the redemption provisions described above if transferred.
Private Placement Warrants (CEO) - Effective at the closing of the initial public offering, the Sponsor committed to transfer 1,000,000 fully vested Private Placement Warrants to the CEO pursuant his employment agreement with the Company. The warrants are subject to ASC 718 Stock Compensation and the Company recognized stock-based compensation expense of $2.8 million for the period from June 12, 2021 to October 31, 2021.

Public Warrants and PIPE Private Placement Warrants (hereinafter referred to as “Redeemable Warrants”) are currently exercisable and may only be exercised for a whole number of shares.  The Company may redeem these warrants:

in whole and not in part;
at a price of $0.01 per warrant;
upon not less than 30 days’ prior written notice of redemption;
if, and only if, the reported last sale price of the Company’s common stock equals or exceeds $18.00 per share for any 20 trading days within a 30-trading day period ending on the third business day prior to the notice of redemption to the warrant holders; and
if, and only if, there is a current registration statement in effect with respect to the shares of common stock underlying the warrants.

If and when the warrants become redeemable by the Company, the Company may exercise its redemption right even if it is unable to register or qualify the underlying securities for sale under all applicable state securities laws.

If the Company calls the Redeemable Warrants for redemption, management will have the option to require all holders that wish to exercise the Public Warrants to do so on a “cashless basis,” as described in the warrant agreement. The exercise price and number of shares of Class A common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants may be adjusted in certain circumstances including in the event of a stock dividend, or recapitalization, reorganization, merger or consolidation.  However, the warrants will not be adjusted for issuance of Class A common stock at a price below its exercise price. Additionally, in no event will the Company be required to net cash settle the warrants.

The Sponsor and CEO Private Placement Warrants have the same terms as the Public Warrants, except they will be exercisable on a cashless basis and be non-redeemable so long as they are held by the initial purchasers or their permitted transferees. If the Private Placement Warrants Sponsor are held by someone other than the initial purchasers or their permitted transferees, they will be redeemable by the Company and exercisable by such holders on the same basis as the Public Warrants. The Global Knowledge Private Placement Warrants are not redeemable, even upon a transfer in ownership.

30

(15) Stock-based compensation

Equity Incentive Plans

In June 2021, Skillsoft Corp adopted the 2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan (“2020 Plan”) and issued Stock Options, RSUs and PSU’s to employees. The 2020 Plan provides for the grant of Incentive Stock Options, Nonqualified Stock Options, Stock Appreciation Rights, Restricted Stock, Restricted Stock Units, Other Equity-Based Award and Cash-Based Incentive Awards to employees, directors, and consultants of the Company. Under the 2020 Plan, 13,105,902 shares were initially made available for issuance. The 2020 Plan includes an annual increase on January 1 each year beginning on January 1, 2022, in an amount equal to 5.0% of the total number of shares of common stock outstanding on December 31 of the preceding calendar year. The Compensation Committee may act prior to January 1 of a given year to provide that there will be no January 1 increase for such year or that the increase for such year will be a lesser number of shares of common stock than provided herein. As of October 31, 2021 a total of 4,939,343 shares of common stock were available for issuance under the 2020 Plan.

Stock Options

Under the 2020 Plan all employees, directors and consultants are eligible to receive incentive share options or non-statutory share options. The options generally vest over four years and have a term of ten years. Vested options under the plan generally expire not later than 90 days following termination of employment or service or twelve months following an optionees’ death or disability. The fair value of stock options is determined on the grant date and amortized over the vesting period on a straight-line basis.

The following table summarizes the stock option activity for the period from June 12, 2021 to October 31, 2021:

Weighted 

Weighted 

Average 

Average 

Remaining 

Aggregate 

Exercise 

Contractual 

Intrinsic Value

    

Shares

    

Price

    

Term (Years)

    

(In thousands)

Outstanding, June 11, 2021

  

  

  

Granted

2,825,752

$

10.76

9.7

Exercised

 

 

 

 

Forfeited

 

 

 

 

Expired

 

 

 

 

Outstanding, October 31, 2021

 

2,825,752

$

10.76

 

9.7

 

$

3,872

Vested and Exercisable, October 31, 2021

 

$

 

  

 

$

The total unrecognized equity-based compensation costs related to the stock options was $8.7 million, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 3.7 years.

The grant date fair value of the stock options was determined using the Black Scholes model with the following assumptions:

    

From June 12, 2021 

 

to October 31, 2021

Risk-free interest rates

1.0

%

Expected dividend yield

 

Volatility factor

30 - 31

%

Expected lives (years)

 

6.1

Weighted average fair value of options granted

$

3.36

31

Restricted Stock Units

Restricted stock units (“RSUs”) represent a right to receive 1 share of the Company’s common stock that is both non-transferable and forfeitable unless and until certain conditions are satisfied. Restricted stock units vest ratably over a three or four-year period, subject to continued employment through each anniversary. The fair value of restricted stock units is determined on the grant date and is amortized over the vesting period on a straight-line basis.

The following table summarizes the RSU activity for the period from June 12, 2021 to October 31, 2021:

Weighted- 

Aggregate 

Average Grant

Intrinsic Value

    

Shares

    

Date Fair Value

    

(in thousands)

Unvested balance, June 11, 2021

Granted

4,461,341

$

10.51

Vested

(166,667)

10.75

Forfeited

 

(83,500)

 

10.66

 

Unvested balance, October 31, 2021

 

4,211,174

$

10.49

$

51,082

The total unrecognized stock-based compensation costs related to RSUs was $41.9 million, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 3.7 years.

Market-based Restricted Stock Units

Market-based restricted stock units (“MBRSUs”) vest over a four-year performance period, subject to continued employment through each anniversary and achievement of a share price threshold ($12.50 for 20 out of 30 consecutive trading days prior to the fourth anniversary). The fair value of MBRSUs that include vesting based on market conditions are estimated using the Monte Carlo valuation method. Compensation cost for these awards is recognized based on the grant date fair value which is recognized over the vesting period using the accelerated attribution method.

The following table summarizes the MBRSU activity for the period from June 12, 2021 to October 31, 2021:

    

    

Weighted- 

    

Aggregate 

Average Grant

Intrinsic Value 

Shares

Date Fair Value

(in thousands)

Unvested balance, June 11, 2021

Granted

 

986,090

$

8.65

 

Vested

 

 

Forfeited

 

(73,000)

8.60

 

Unvested balance, October 31, 2021

 

913,090

$

8.65

$

11,076

The total unrecognized stock-based compensation costs related to MBRSUs was $6.6 million, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.5 years.

Performance-based Restricted Stock Units

The Company issued 49,876 performance-based restricted stock units that have a grant-date fair value of $0.5 million during the period from June 12, 2021 to October 31, 2021. The awards vest upon the achievement of specified corporate goals. As of October 31, 2021, $0.1 million in stock-based compensation expense has been recognized based on the expected outcomes and service periods of these awards.

32

Stock-based Compensation Expense

The following summarizes the classification of stock-based compensation in the condensed consolidated statements of operations (in thousands):

Successor

Three months

June 12, 2021 

ended October 31,

through October 31,

    

2021

2021

Cost of revenues

$

$

Content and software development

 

276

 

530

Selling and marketing

 

621

 

947

General and administrative

 

3,320

 

7,557

Total

$

4,217

$

9,034

Stock-based compensation expense for the period ended October 31, 2021 includes $2.8 million attributable to 1,000,000 warrants issued to the chief executive officer that vested on June 11, 2021 upon completion of the merger and his commencement of employment with the Company.

(16) Revenue

Disaggregated Revenue and Geography Information

The following is a summary of revenues by type for the three months ended October 31, 2021 (Successor), the period from June 12, 2021 to October 31, 2021 (Successor), the period from May 1, 2021 to June 11, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH)), the period from February 1, 2021 to June 11, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH)), and the three months and nine months ended October 31, 2021 (Predecessor (PL)), (in thousands):

Quarter-to Date Results

Fiscal 2022

Fiscal 2021

Successor

Predecessor (SLH)

  

  

Predecessor (PL)

Three Months

From

From

Ended

August 28, 2020

August 1, 2020

    

October 31, 2021

to October 31, 2020

to August 27, 2020

SaaS and subscription services

$

100,969

$

31,659

$

33,274

Software maintenance

 

4,681

1,622

1,701

Professional services

 

10,415

3,271

3,310

Perpetual software licenses

 

1,288

415

402

Hardware and other

 

6

Virtual, on-demand and classroom

 

53,206

Total net revenues (1)

$

170,559

$

36,973

$

38,687

33

Year-to Date Results

Fiscal 2022

Fiscal 2021

Successor

Predecessor (SLH)

Predecessor (SLH)

  

  

Predecessor (PL)

From

From

From

From

June 12, 2021 to

February 1, 2021

August 28, 2020

February 1, 2020

    

October 31, 2021

to June 11, 2021

to October 31, 2020

to August 27, 2020

SaaS and subscription services

$

155,293

$

119,233

$

31,659

$

234,766

Software maintenance

 

7,249

5,984

1,622

12,079

Professional services

 

15,217

13,495

3,271

24,499

Perpetual software licenses

 

1,341

924

415

2,486

Hardware and other

 

12

6

21

Virtual, on-demand and classroom

 

82,460

Total net revenues (1)

$

261,572

$

139,636

$

36,973

$

273,851

The following table sets forth our revenues by geographic region for the three months ended October 31, 2021 (Successor), June 12, 2021 to October 31, 2021 (Successor), the period from May 1, 2021 to June 11, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH)), the period from February 1, 2021 to June 11, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH) and the three months and nine months ended October 31, 2021 (Predecessor (PL)), (in thousands):

   

Quarter-to Date Results

Fiscal 2022

Fiscal 2021

Successor

Predecessor (SLH)

Predecessor (PL)

Three Months

From

From

Ended

August 28, 2020

August 1, 2020

    

October 31, 2021

to October 31, 2020

to August 27, 2020

Revenue:

  

  

United States

$

90,892

$

28,858

$

30,996

Other Americas

 

9,857

1,566

597

Europe, Middle East and Africa

 

36,671

4,559

4,930

Asia-Pacific

 

33,139

1,990

2,164

Total net revenues (1)

$

170,559

$

36,973

$

38,687

Other than the United States, no single country accounted for more than 10% of revenue for all periods presented.

   

Year-to Date Results

Fiscal 2022

Fiscal 2021

Successor

Predecessor (SLH)

Predecessor (SLH)

Predecessor (PL)

From

From

From

From

June 12, 2021 to

February 1, 2021

August 28, 2020

February 1, 2020

    

October 31, 2021

to June 11, 2021

to October 31, 2020

to August 27, 2020

Revenue:

  

  

United States

$

167,906

$

101,884

$

28,858

$

217,783

Other Americas

 

18,039

8,724

1,566

8,899

Europe, Middle East and Africa

 

65,601

19,729

4,559

32,788

Asia-Pacific

 

10,026

9,299

1,990

14,381

Total net revenues (1)

$

261,572

$

139,636

$

36,973

$

273,851

34

Deferred Revenue

Deferred revenue activity for the periods through October 31, 2021 was as follows (in thousands):

Deferred revenue at January 31, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH))

    

$

260,584

Billings deferred

 

109,450

Recognition of prior deferred revenue

 

(139,636)

Deferred revenue at June 11, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH))

$

230,398

Acquisition of Skillsoft and GK

268,299

Billings deferred

 

235,480

Recognition of prior deferred revenue

 

(261,572)

Acquisition of Pluma

 

5,864

Deferred revenue at October 31, 2021 (Successor)

$

248,071

Deferred revenue performance obligations relate predominately to time-based SaaS and subscription services that are billed in advance of services being rendered.

Deferred Contract Acquisition Costs

Deferred contract acquisition cost activity for the periods through October 31, 2021 was as follows (in thousands):

Deferred contract acquisition costs at January 31, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH))

    

$

7,584

Contract acquisition costs

 

6,931

Recognition of contract acquisition costs

 

(5,828)

Deferred contract acquisition costs at June 11, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH))

8,687

Deferred contract acquisition costs at June 12, 2021 (Successor)

Contract acquisition costs

 

7,355

Recognition of contract acquisition costs

 

(2,243)

Deferred contract acquisition costs at July 31, 2021 (Successor))

$

5,112

Contract acquisition costs

 

7,143

Recognition of contract acquisition costs

 

(3,272)

Deferred contract acquisition costs at October 31, 2021 (Successor)

$

8,983

(17) Fair Value Measurements

FASB ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (“ASC 820”) establishes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs. Observable inputs are inputs that reflect the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Company. Unobservable inputs are inputs that reflect the Company’s assumptions about the assumptions market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability developed based on the best information available in the circumstances.

The three levels of the fair value hierarchy established by ASC 820 in order of priority are as follows:

Level 1: Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Company has the ability to access as of the reporting date. Active markets are those in which transactions for the asset or liability occur in sufficient frequency and volume to provide pricing information on an ongoing basis.

35

Level 2: Pricing inputs other than quoted prices in active markets included in Level 1, which are either directly or indirectly observable as of the reporting date. These include quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets and quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active.
Level 3: Unobservable inputs that reflect the Company’s assumptions about the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability. Unobservable inputs shall be used to measure fair value to the extent that observable inputs are not available.

The following table summarizes the Company’s assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of October 31, 2021 and are categorized using the fair value hierarchy (in thousands):

    

Total

    

(Level 3)

Private Placement Warrants – Sponsor

$

65,363

 

65,363

Total liabilities recorded at fair value

$

65,363

 

65,363

The following tables reconcile Level 3 instruments for which significant unobservable inputs were used to determine fair value:

For the Period from

February 1, 2021

    

to June 11, 2021

Balance as of January 31, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH))

$

900

Unrealized gains recognized as other income

 

(900)

Balance as of June 11, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH))

$

For the Three

Months Ended

    

October 31, 2021

Balance as of July 31, 2021 (Successor)

$

28,525

Unrealized losses recognized as other income

 

36,838

Balance as of October 31, 2021 (Successor)

$

65,363

For the Period from

June 12, 2021

to October 31, 2021

Balance as of June 12, 2021 (Successor)

 

45,640

Unrealized losses recognized as other income

 

19,723

Balance as of October 31, 2021 (Successor)

$

65,363

Predecessor Company (SLH) Warrants

At each relevant measurement date, the Predecessor warrants were valued using a probability-based approach that considered management’s estimate of the probability of (i) a sale of the company that met certain conditions that caused the warrants to be cancelled for no consideration, (ii) a sale of the company that did not meet certain conditions that caused the warrants to be cancelled for no consideration and (iii) warrants being held to maturity, with the last two scenarios utilizing a Black-Scholes model to estimate fair value.  As a result of the Skillsoft Merger, the warrants were terminated for 0 consideration on June 11, 2021 and, as a result, the Company recorded a gain of $0.9 million for the period from February 1, 2021 to June 11, 2021.

Successor Company Warrants

The Company classifies certain Private Placement Warrants as liabilities in accordance with ASC Topic 815. The Company estimates the fair value of the Private Placement Warrants using a Black-Scholes option pricing model. The fair value of the Private Placement Warrants utilized Level 3 inputs as it is based on significant inputs not observable in the market. The fair value of the Private Placement Warrants classified as liabilities was estimated at June 11, 2021, July 31, 2021 and October 31, 2021 using a Black-Scholes options pricing model and the following assumptions:

36

June 11, 2021

July 31, 2021

October 31, 2021

Risk-free interest rates

0.76

%

0.67

%

1.09

%

Expected dividend yield

 

 

 

Volatility factor

31

%

33

%

35

%

Expected lives (years)

 

5.0

 

4.9

 

4.6

Value per unit

$

2.80

$

1.75

$

4.01

The Company currently invests excess cash balances primarily in cash deposits held at major banks. The carrying amounts of cash deposits, trade receivables, trade payables and accrued liabilities, as reported on the consolidated balance sheet as of October 31, 2021, approximate their fair value because of the short maturity of those instruments.

The Company considered the fair value of its external borrowings and believes their carrying values approximate fair value at October 31, 2021 based on the timing of the July 2021 Term Loans.

(18) Segment Information

ASC 280, Segment Reporting, establishes standards for reporting information about operating segments. Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise about which separate financial information is available that is evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker, or decision-making group, in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. The Company’s chief operating decision maker (CODM) is its Chief Executive Officer. The Company’s CODM evaluates results using the operating segment structure as the primary basis for which the allocation of resources and financial results are assessed.

The Company has organized its business into 3 segments: Skillsoft, SumTotal and GK. All of the Company’s businesses market and sell their offerings globally to businesses of many sizes, government agencies, educational institutions and resellers with a worldwide sales force positioned to offer the combinations that best meet customer needs. The CODM primarily uses revenues and operating income as measures used to evaluate financial results and allocation of resources. The Company allocates certain operating expenses to the reportable segments, including general and administrative costs based on the usage and relative contribution provided to the segments. There are no net revenue transactions between the Company’s reportable segments.

The Skillsoft business engages in the sale, marketing and delivery of its content learning solutions, in areas such as Leadership and Business, Technology and Developer and Compliance. In addition, Skillsoft offers Percipio, an intelligent online learning experience platform that delivers an immersive learning experience. It leverages its highly engaging content, curated into nearly 700 learning paths (channels) that are continuously updated to ensure customers always have access to the latest information.

The SumTotal business provides a unified, comprehensive and configurable solution that allows organizations to attract, develop and retain the talent. SumTotal’s solution impacts a company’s workforce throughout the entire employee lifecycle and helps companies succeed in an evolving business climate. SumTotal’s primary solutions are Talent Acquisition, Learning Management, Talent Management and Workforce Management.

The Global Knowledge business offers training solutions covering information technology and business skills for corporations and their employees. Global Knowledge guides its customers throughout their lifelong technology learning journey by offering relevant and up-to-date skills training through instructor-led (in-person “classroom” or online “virtual”) and self-paced (“on-demand”), vendor certified, and other proprietary offerings. Global Knowledge offers a wide breadth of training topics and delivery modalities (classroom, virtual, on-demand) both on a subscription and transactional basis.

37

The following table presents summary results for each of the businesses for the three months ended October 31, 2021 (Successor), the period from August 28, 2020 to October 31, 2020 (Predecessor (SLH)), and the period from August 1, 2020 to August 27, 2020 (Predecessor (PL)), (in thousands):

Quarter-to Date Results

Fiscal 2022

Fiscal 2021

Successor

Predecessor (SLH)

Predecessor (PL)

Three Months

From

From

Ended

August 28, 2020

August 1, 2020

    

October 31, 2021

to October 31, 2020

  

to August 27, 2020

Skillsoft

 

  

  

  

Revenues

 

$

85,456

$

23,495

$

27,832

Operating expenses

 

90,814

60,969

20,626

Operating (loss) income

 

(5,358)

(37,474)

7,206

SumTotal

 

  

  

  

Revenues

 

31,897

13,478

10,855

Operating expenses

 

26,095

18,295

8,942

Operating income (loss)

 

5,802

(4,817)

1,913

Global Knowledge

 

  

  

  

Revenues

 

53,206

Operating expenses

 

58,005

Operating loss

 

(4,799)

Consolidated

 

  

  

  

Revenues

 

170,559

36,973

38,687

Operating expenses

 

174,914

79,264

29,568

Operating (loss) income

 

(4,355)

(42,291)

9,119

Total non-operating (expense) income

 

(37,431)

3,626

(520)

Interest expense, net

 

(7,510)

(7,919)

(1,287)

Reorganization items, net

 

3,339,837

Benefits from (provision for) income taxes

 

6,441

7,870

(78,254)

Net (loss) income

 

$

(42,855)

$

(38,714)

$

3,268,895

38

The following table presents summary results for each of the businesses for the period from June 12, 2021 to October 31, 2021 (Successor), February 1, 2021 to June 11, 2021 (Predecessor (SLH)), August 28, 2020 to October 31, 2020 (Predecessor (SLH)), and February 1, 2020 to August 27, 2020 (Predecessor (PL)), (in thousands):

Year-to Date Results

Fiscal 2022

Fiscal 2021

Successor

Predecessor (SLH)

Predecessor (SLH)

Predecessor (PL)

From

From

From

From

June 12, 2021 to

February 1, 2021

August 28, 2020

February 1, 2020

    

October 31, 2021

to June 11, 2021

  

to October 31, 2020

  

to August 27, 2020

Skillsoft

 

  

  

  

  

Revenues

 

$

131,067

$

101,434

$

23,495

$

196,238

Operating expenses

 

151,202

137,882

60,969

398,178

Operating loss

 

(20,135)

(36,448)

(37,474)

(201,940)

SumTotal

 

  

  

  

  

Revenues

 

48,045

38,202

13,478

77,613

Operating expenses

 

40,978

38,377

18,295

205,483

Operating income (loss)

 

7,067

(175)

(4,817)

(127,870)

Global Knowledge

 

  

  

  

  

Revenues

 

82,460

Operating expenses

 

90,260

Operating loss

 

(7,800)

Consolidated

 

  

  

  

  

Revenues

 

261,572

139,636

36,973

273,851

Operating expenses

 

282,440

176,259

79,264

603,661

Operating loss

 

(20,868)

(36,623)

(42,291)

(329,810)

Total non-operating (expense) income

 

(21,001)

471

3,626

1,373

Interest expense, net

 

(17,366)

(16,820)

(7,919)

(168,341)

Reorganization items, net

 

3,329,245

Benefits from (provision for) income taxes

 

4,527

3,708

7,870

(68,455)

Net (loss) income

 

$

(54,708)

$

(49,264)

$

(38,714)

$

2,764,012

SumTotal segment revenue for the three months ended October 31, 2021 and for the period from June 12, 2021 to October 31, 2021 includes content-related revenue of $1.5 million and $2.1 million, respectively, attributable to cross selling for customers that use the SumTotal platform to consume Skillsoft content.

The Company’s segment assets primarily consist of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, prepaid expenses, deferred taxes, property and equipment, goodwill and intangible assets. The following table sets forth the Company’s segment assets as of October 31, 2021 and January 31, 2021 (in thousands):

Successor

Predecessor (SLH)

    

October 31, 2021

  

  

January 31, 2021

Skillsoft

$

1,511,578

$

1,398,379

SumTotal

214,625

 

147,358

Global Knowledge

362,456

Corporate

Consolidated

$

2,088,659

$

1,545,737

39

The following table sets forth the Company’s long-lived tangible assets by geographic region as of October 31, 2021 and January 31, 2021 (in thousands):

Successor

Predecessor (SLH)

    

October 31, 2021

  

  

January 31, 2021

United States

$

13,956

$

10,613

Ireland

338

 

609

Rest of world

2,959

2,558

Total

$

17,253

$

13,780

(19) Net Loss Per Share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income for the period by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing net income for the period by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period, plus the dilutive effect of outstanding restricted stock-based awards, stock options, and shares issuable under the employee stock purchase plan using the treasury stock method.

The following tables set forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share (in thousands, except number of shares and per share data):

Quarter-to date results

Fiscal 2022

Fiscal 2021

Successor

Predecessor (SLH)

Predecessor (PL)

From

From

Three months

August 28, 2021

August 1, 2020

ended October 31,

to October 31,

to August 27,

    

31, 2021

2020

2020

Net loss

$

(42,855)

(38,714)

 

3,268,895

Weighted average common shares outstanding:

 

  

  

 

  

Ordinary – Basic and Diluted (Predecessor (PL))

 

*

*

 

100.1

Class A and B – Basic and Diluted (Predecessor (SLH))

 

*

4,000

 

*

Ordinary – Basic and Diluted (Successor)

 

133,116

*

 

*

Net loss per share:

 

  

  

 

  

Ordinary – Basic and Diluted (Predecessor (PL))

 

*

*

 

$

32,656.29

Class A and B – Basic and Diluted (Predecessor (SLH))

 

*

$

(9.68)

*

Ordinary – Basic and Diluted (Successor)

$

(0.32)

*

*

*    Not Applicable

40

Year-to date results

Fiscal 2022

Fiscal 2021

Successor

Predecessor (SLH)

Predecessor (SLH)

Predecessor (PL)

From

From

From

From

June 12, 2021

February 1, 2021

August 27, 2020

February 1, 2020

to October 31,

to June 11,

to October 31,

to August 27,

    

2021

2021

2020

2020

Net loss

$

(54,708)

(49,264)

 

(38,714)

2,764,012

Weighted average common shares outstanding:

 

  

  

 

  

  

Ordinary – Basic and Diluted (Predecessor (PL))

 

*

*

 

*

100.1

Class A and B – Basic and Diluted (Predecessor (SLH))

 

*

4,000

 

4,000

*

Ordinary – Basic and Diluted (Successor)

 

133,096

*

 

*

*

Net loss per share:

 

  

  

 

  

  

Ordinary – Basic and Diluted (Predecessor (PL))

 

*

*

 

*

$

27,612.51

Class A and B – Basic and Diluted (Predecessor (SLH))

 

*

$

(12.32)

$

(9.68)

*

Ordinary – Basic and Diluted (Successor)

$

(0.41)

*

*

*

*    Not Applicable

During the three months ended October 31, 2021 (Successor) and the period from June 12, 2021 to October 31, 2021 (Successor), the Company incurred net losses and, therefore, the effect of the Company’s potentially dilutive securities was not included in the calculation of diluted loss per share as the effect would be anti-dilutive. The following table contains share/unit totals with a potentially dilutive impact (in thousands):

    

Successor

  

  

Predecessor (SLH)

Warrants to purchase common shares

 

61,967

 

 

706

Stock Options

 

2,826

 

RSU’s

 

5,341

 

Total

 

70,134

 

 

706

(20) Related Party Transactions

Predecessor (SLH) Related Party Transactions

Upon our emergence from Chapter 11 on August 27, 2020, our exit facility consisting of $110 million of First Out Term Loans and $410 million of Second Out Term Loans were financed in whole by our Class A shareholders. Class A shareholders have the ability to trade their debt positions independently from their equity positions, however, as of January 31, 2021, the substantial majority of First Out and Second Out term loans continue to be held by Class A shareholders. In connection with our refinancing that closed on July 16, 2021, the First and Second Out terms loans were repaid in full.

Successor Related Party Transactions

In connection with the closing of the Skillsoft Merger on June 11, 2021, the Company entered into a strategic support agreement with its largest shareholder, pursuant to which the shareholder agreed to provide certain business development and investor relations support to the Company for one year after closing of the transaction. The shareholder is one of the largest technology investors in the world, with a large portfolio of investments where they maintain control of or have significant influence over companies, including some ed-tech companies that we compete with or may partner with in the future. For the period from June 11, 2021 to October 31, 2021, we have not entered into any material transactions with affiliates of our largest shareholder.

(21) Subsequent Events

The Company has completed an evaluation of all subsequent events after the balance sheet date of October 31, 2021 through the date this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q was filed with the SEC, to ensure that this filing includes appropriate disclosure of events both recognized in the financial statements as of October 31, 2021, and events which occurred subsequently but were not recognized in the financial statements. The Company has concluded that no subsequent events have occurred that require disclosure, except as disclosed within these financial statements.

41

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion of the financial condition and results of operations of Skillsoft (as defined below) should be read in conjunction with Skillsoft’s condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this Quarterly Report and the audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended January 31, 2021 and the related notes included in the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on June 17, 2021. This discussion may contain forward-looking statements based upon current expectations that involve risks and uncertainties. Skillsoft’s actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including those set forth under “Risk Factors” in Part II, Item 1A of this report. Unless otherwise noted, amounts referenced in this discussion, other than in reference to share numbers, are in thousands.

Completion of the Business Combination

On June 11, 2021, the Company and Software Luxembourg Holding S.A., a global leader in digital learning and talent management solutions, completed a business combination and subsequent acquisition of Albert DE Holdings Inc. (“Global Knowledge” and such acquisition, the “Global Knowledge Merger”), a worldwide leader in IT and professional skills development. The combined company operates as Skillsoft Corp. (“Skillsoft”, “we”, “us”, “our” and the “Company”) and is listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the new ticker symbol “SKIL” beginning on June 14, 2021.

Change in Fiscal Year

On June 21, 2021, our board of directors approved the adoption of a January 31 year-end for the Company’s financial reporting, effective immediately, to align Churchill Capital Corp II and Global Knowledge with the pre-business combination Skillsoft’s fiscal year end. As a result, this fiscal year ends on January 31, 2022 (fiscal 2022) and the third quarter of fiscal 2022 ended on October 31, 2021.

Company’s Business following the Business Combination

Skillsoft is a global leader in corporate digital learning, serving approximately 75% of the Fortune 1000, customers in over 160 countries, and more than 45 million learners globally. The Company provides enterprise learning solutions designed to prepare organizations for the future of work, enable them to overcome critical skill gaps, drive demonstrable behavior-change, and unlock the potential in one of their most important assets: their people. Skillsoft offers a comprehensive suite of premium, original, and authorized partner content, including one of the broadest and deepest libraries of leadership & business, technology & developer, and compliance curricula. With access to a broad spectrum of learning options (including video, audio, books, bootcamps, live events, and practice labs), organizations can meaningfully increase learner engagement and retention. Skillsoft’s offerings are delivered through Percipio, the Company’s award-winning, AI-driven, immersive learning platform purpose built to make learning easier, more accessible, and more effective. Learn more at www.skillsoft.com.

Skillsoft’s primary learning solutions include: (i) Skillsoft Percipio, an intelligent and immersive digital learning platform; (ii) Skillport, a legacy learning content delivery platform; (iii) Global Knowledge, a global provider of authorized information technology & development training and professional skills; and (iv) SumTotal, a SaaS-based Human Capital Management (“HCM”) solution with a leading Talent Development platform.

Skillsoft provides enterprise learning solutions, and premium, authorized, and original content that help many of the world’s leading organizations drive measurable improvement and overcome critical skills gaps. Skillsoft sells broad portfolio of content and solutions to customers through our leading sales force across a global footprint. Skillsoft is deeply embedded within our customers’ organizations, and constantly evolving our solutions to address their needs and current market trends.

42

The corporate digital learning industry is rapidly growing, driven by significant tailwinds as organizations focus on upskilling, reskilling, and future-proofing their workforces and the accelerated shift from in-person training to digital training due, in part, to the COVID-19 pandemic. Organizations invest in learning and talent solutions to build a more motivated, skilled, and resilient workforce. Skillsoft helps them accomplish these objectives by delivering a complete learning solution, supported by our proven, dynamic, and comprehensive content portfolio, which includes offerings across the Leadership and Business Skills, Technology and Development, and Compliance customer market segments. Our solutions are powered by engaging learning platforms, including our wholly owned subsidiary, Global Knowledge, and our award-winning, state-of-the-art learning experience platform, Percipio, and our SumTotal Talent Development platform.

Results of Operations

Our financial results for the three months ended October 31, 2021 and the period from June 12, 2021 to October 31, 2021 are referred to as those of the “Successor” periods. Our financial results for the periods of August 28, 2020 to October 31, 2020 and February 1, 2021 to June 11, 2021 are referred to as those of the “Predecessor (SLH)” periods. Our financial results for the periods of August 1, 2020 to August 27, 2020 and February 1, 2020 to August 27, 2020 are referred to as those of the “Predecessor (PL)” periods. Our results of operations as reported in our Consolidated Financial Statements for these periods are prepared in accordance with GAAP. Although we are required by GAAP to report on our results for the three and nine months ended October 31, 2021 and 2020 separately, for the periods from June 12, 2021 through October 31, 2021, February 1, 2021 through June 11, 2021, August 28, 2020 through October 31, 2020, August 1, 2020 to August 27, 2020, and February 1, 2020 through August 27, 2020, management views the Company’s operating results for the three and nine months ended October 31, 2021 and 2020 by combining the results of the applicable Predecessor and Successor periods because such presentation provides better comparability of our results to prior periods.

We cannot adequately benchmark the operating results for the three and nine months ended October 31, 2021 against any of the previous periods reported in our Consolidated Financial Statements without combining the applicable Predecessor and Successor periods and do not believe that reviewing the results of the periods in isolation would be useful in identifying trends in or reaching conclusions regarding our overall operating performance. Management believes that the key performance metrics such as revenue and operating (loss) income for the Successor periods when combined with the Predecessor periods provide more meaningful comparisons to other periods and are useful in identifying current business trends. Accordingly, in addition to presenting our results of operations as reported in our Consolidated Financial Statements in accordance with GAAP, the tables and discussion below also present the combined results for the nine months ended October 31, 2021 and three and nine months ended October 31, 2020.

The table below presents the results for the nine months ended October 31, 2021, which are the sum of the reported amounts for the Predecessor (SLH) period from February 1, 2021 through June 11, 2021 and the Successor period from June 12, 2021 through October 31, 2021. These combined results are not considered to be prepared in accordance with GAAP and have not been prepared as pro forma results, per applicable regulations. The combined operating results do not reflect the actual results we would have achieved absent the business combination and may not be indicative of future results.

43

Predecessor

Non-GAAP

Successor

(SLH)

Combined

From

From June

February 1,

Nine Months

12, 2021 to

2021 to June

Ended October

(In thousands)

    

October 31, 2021

11, 2021

    

31, 2021

Revenues:

 

  

  

 

  

Total revenues

$

261,572

$

139,636

$

401,208

Operating expenses:

 

  

 

  

 

Costs of revenues

 

76,897

 

35,881

 

112,778

Content and software development

 

26,316

 

24,084

 

50,400

Selling and marketing

 

62,171

 

41,940

 

104,111

General and administrative

 

45,194

 

17,217

 

62,411

Amortization of goodwill and intangible assets

 

57,087

 

50,902

 

107,989

Recapitalization and acquisition-related costs

 

13,682

 

6,938

 

20,620

Restructuring

 

1,093

 

(703)

 

390

Total operating expenses

 

282,440

 

176,259

 

458,699

Operating loss

 

(20,868)

 

(36,623)

(57,491)

Interest and other expense, net

 

(18,644)

 

(17,249)

 

(35,893)

Fair value adjustment to warrants

 

(19,723)

 

900

 

(18,823)

Loss before benefit from income taxes

 

(59,235)

 

(52,972)

 

(112,207)

Benefit from income taxes

 

(4,527)

 

(3,708)

 

(8,235)

Net loss

$

(54,708)

$

(49,264)

$

(103,972)

The table below presents the results for the three months ended October 31, 2020, which are the sum of the reported amounts for the Predecessor (SLH) period from August 28, 2020 through October 31, 2020 and the Predecessor (PL) period from August 1, 2020 through August 27, 2020, and the results for the nine months ended October 31, 2020, which are the sum of the reported amounts for the Predecessor (SLH) period from August 28, 2020 through October 31, 2020 and the Predecessor (PL) period from February 1, 2020 through August 27, 2020. These combined results are not considered to be prepared in accordance with GAAP and have not been prepared as pro forma results per applicable regulations.

44

Non-GAAP

Non-GAAP

Predecessor (SLH)

Predecessor (PL)

Predecessor (PL)

Combined

Combined

From

From

From

Three Months

Nine Months

August 28, 2020

August 1, 2020

February 1, 2020

Ended October

Ended October

    

to October 31, 2020

to August 27, 2020

    

to August 27, 2020

    

31, 2020

    

31, 2020

Revenues:

 

  

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Total revenues

$

36,973

$

38,687

$

273,851

$

75,660

$

310,824

Operating expenses:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

 

Costs of revenues

 

15,882

 

6,329

 

52,160

 

22,211

 

68,042

Content and software development

 

10,919

 

5,208

 

38,986

 

16,127

 

49,905

Selling and marketing

 

18,193

 

8,259

 

75,028

 

26,452

 

93,221

General and administrative

 

10,075

 

5,440

 

37,455

 

15,515

 

47,530

Amortization of intangible assets

 

15,890

 

4,230

 

34,378

 

20,120

 

50,268

Impairment of intangible assets

332,376

332,376

Recapitalization and acquisition-related costs

 

8,225

 

64

 

32,099

 

8,289

 

40,324

Restructuring

 

80

 

38

 

1,179

 

118

 

1,259

Total operating expenses

 

79,264

 

29,568

 

603,661

 

108,832

 

682,925

Operating (loss) income

 

(42,291)

 

9,119

 

(329,810)

 

(33,172)

 

(372,101)

Interest and other expense, net

 

(7,193)

 

(1,807)

 

(166,968)

 

(9,000)

 

(174,161)

Fair value adjustment to warrants

 

2,900

 

 

 

2,900

 

2,900

Reorganization items, net

3,339,837

3,329,245

3,339,837

3,329,245

Loss before provision (benefit) for income taxes

 

(46,584)

 

3,347,149

 

2,832,467

 

3,300,565

 

2,785,883

(Benefit from) provision for income taxes

 

(7,870)

 

78,254

 

68,455

 

70,384

 

60,585

Net (loss) income

$

(38,714)

$

3,268,895

$

2,764,012

$

3,230,181

$

2,725,298

The table below presents the comparison of our historical results of operations for the periods presented:

Non-GAAP

Non-GAAP

Non-GAAP

Successor

Combined

Combined

Combined

Three Months

Three Months

Nine Months

Nine Months

Ended October

Ended October

Ended October

Ended October

(In thousands)

    

31, 2021

    

31, 2020

    

31, 2021

    

31, 2020

Revenues:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Total revenues

$

170,559

$

75,660

$

401,208

$

310,824

Operating expenses:

 

  

 

 

 

Costs of revenues

 

48,891

 

22,211

 

112,778

 

68,042

Content and software development

 

16,437

 

16,127

 

50,400

 

49,905

Selling and marketing

 

39,938

 

26,452

 

104,111

 

93,221

General and administrative

 

28,120

 

15,515

 

62,411

 

47,530

Amortization of intangible assets

 

37,064

 

20,120

 

107,989

 

50,268

Impairment of goodwill and intangible assets

 

 

 

 

332,376

Recapitalization and acquisition-related costs

 

3,687

 

8,289

 

20,620

 

40,324

Restructuring

 

777

 

118

 

390

 

1,259

Total operating expenses

 

174,914

 

108,832

 

458,699

 

682,925

Operating loss

 

(4,355)

 

(33,172)

 

(57,491)

 

(372,101)

Interest and other expense, net

 

(8,103)

 

(9,000)

 

(35,893)

 

(174,161)

Fair value adjustment to warrants

 

(36,838)

 

2,900

 

(18,823)

 

2,900

Reorganization items, net

 

 

3,339,837

 

 

3,329,245

Loss before benefit from income taxes

 

(49,296)

 

3,300,565

 

(112,207)

 

2,785,883

(Benefit from) provision for income taxes

 

(6,441)

 

70,384

 

(8,235)

 

60,585

Net (loss) income

$

(42,855)

$

3,230,181

$

(103,972)

$

2,725,298

45

The following table sets forth certain items from our consolidated statements of operations as a percentage of total revenues for the periods indicated:

Non-GAAP

Non-GAAP

Non-GAAP

Successor

Combined

Combined

Combined

Three Months

Three Months

Nine Months

Nine Months

Ended October 31,

Ended October 31,

Ended October 31,

Ended October 31,

    

2021

2020

2021

2020

Revenues:

 

  

  

  

  

Total revenues

 

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

Operating expenses:

 

Costs of revenues

 

28.7%

29.4%

28.1%

21.9%

Content and software development

 

9.6%

21.3%

12.6%

16.1%

Selling and marketing

 

23.4%

35.0%

25.9%

30.0%

General and administrative

 

16.5%

20.5%

15.6%

15.3%

Amortization of intangible assets

 

21.7%

26.6%

26.9%

16.2%

Impairment of goodwill and intangible assets

 

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

106.9%

Recapitalization and acquisition-related costs

 

2.2%

11.0%

5.1%

13.0%

Restructuring

 

0.5%

0.2%

0.1%

0.4%

Total operating expenses

 

102.6%

143.8%

114.3%

219.7%

Operating loss

 

(2.6)%

(43.8)%

(14.3)%

(119.7)%

Interest and other expense, net

 

(4.8)%

(11.9)%

(8.9)%

(56.0)%

Fair value adjustment to warrants

 

(21.6)%

3.8%

(4.7)%

0.9%

Reorganization items, net

 

0.0%

4414.3%

0.0%

1071.1%

Loss before benefit from income taxes

 

(28.9)%

4362.4%

(28.0)%

896.3%

(Benefit from) provision for income taxes

 

(3.8)%

93.0%

(2.1)%

19.5%

Net (loss) income

 

(25.1)%

4269.3%

(25.9)%

876.8%

Revenues

We provide, through our Skillsoft, Global Knowledge and SumTotal brands, enterprise learning solutions designed to prepare organizations for the future of work, overcome critical skill gaps, drive demonstrable behavior-change, and unlock the potential in their people.

Skillsoft generates revenues from its comprehensive suite of premium, original, and authorized partner content, featuring one of the deepest libraries of leadership & business, technology & development, and compliance curricula. With access to a broad spectrum of learning options (including video, audio, books, bootcamps, live events, and practice labs), organizations can meaningfully increase learner engagement and retention. Skillsoft’s offerings are delivered through Percipio, our award-winning, AI-driven, immersive learning platform purpose built to make learning easier, more accessible, and more effective. These learning solutions are typically sold on a subscription basis for a fixed term.

Global Knowledge generates revenues from virtual, in-classroom, and on-demand training solutions in information technology geared at foundational, practitioner and expert information technology professionals. Global Knowledge’s digital and in-classroom learning solutions provide enterprises, government agencies, educational institutions, and individual customers a broad selection of customizable courses to meet their technology and development needs.

SumTotal generates revenues from its unified, comprehensive and configurable SaaS talent management solution that allows or