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WGLD wShares Enhanced Gold ETF

Filed: 17 May 21, 9:45am

 

 

 

UNITED STATES 

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION  

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021.  

or

 

Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 for the transition period from__________________to__________________.

 

Primary Standard Industrial Classification Code Number: 6221 

 

 

  

 

 

Wilshire wShares Enhanced Gold Trust 

Sponsored by Wilshire Phoenix Funds LLC 

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

  

Delaware 84-6953191

(State or other jurisdiction of  

incorporation or organization) 

 

(I.R.S. Employer  

Identification No.) 

 

2 Park Avenue, 20th Floor 

New York, New York 10016 

(917) 671-9097

(Address, including Zip Code, and Telephone 

Number, including Area Code, of Registrant’s 

Principal Executive Offices)

 

 

 

 

Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act.

 

Title of each class: Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered:
Units of Beneficial Interest WGLD NYSE Arca, Inc.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  ☒ Yes    ☐ No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). ☒ Yes    ☐ No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large Accelerated Filer Accelerated Filer
     
Non-accelerated Filer Smaller Reporting Company
     
Emerging Growth Company   

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.). ☐ Yes    ☒ No

 

The registrant had 100,001 issued and outstanding Shares as of April 28, 2021.

 

 

 

 

 

Wilshire wShares Enhanced Gold Trust 

Table of Contents

 

 Page
  
Part I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION.2
  
Item 1. Unaudited Financial Statements.2
  
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.3
  
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure About Market Risk.

7 

  
Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

7 

  
Part II. OTHER INFORMATION.

8 

  
Item 1. Legal Proceedings.

8 

  
Item 1A. Risk Factors.

8 

  
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

  
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

  
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

  
Item 5. Other Information.

  
Item 6. Exhibits.

  
SIGNATURES.

10 

 

 

 

Part I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements.

 

Wilshire wShares Enhanced Gold Trust 

Index to Financial Statements

 

Documents Page
   
Statements of Financial Condition at March 31, 2021 (unaudited) and December 31, 2020 F-1
   
Schedules of Investment at March 31, 2021 (unaudited) and December 31, 2020 F-2
   
Statement of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 (unaudited) F-3
   
Statement of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2021 (unaudited) F-4
   
Statement of Change in Net Assets for the three months ended March 31, 2021 (unaudited) F-5
   
Financial Highlights for the three months ended March 31, 2021 (unaudited) F-6
   
Notes to Unaudited Financial Statements F-7

 

 

 

 

Wilshire wShares Enhanced Gold Trust

 

Statements of Financial Condition

 

  

March 31, 2021 

  

December 31, 2020 

 
   (unaudited)     
Assets        
Investment in gold, at fair value (cost $1,706,797 and $-, respectively) $1,624,720  $ 
Cash  259   18 
Gold receivable  26,802    
Prepaid asset  58,582    
Total assets  1,710,363   18 
         
Liabilities        
Sponsor’s fee payable  961    
Total liabilities  961    
         
Net assets $1,709,402  $18 
         
Shares issued and outstanding(1)  100,001   1 
Net asset value per Share $17.09  $18.00 

 

(1)Authorized share capital is unlimited and the par value of the Shares is $0.00.

 

See notes to unaudited financial statements.

 

 F-1

 

 

Wilshire wShares Enhanced Gold Trust

 

Schedules of Investment

 

March 31, 2021 (unaudited)            
  Fine Ounces of Gold  Cost  Fair Value  % of Net Assets 
Investment in gold  960.776  $1,706,797  $1,624,720   95.05%
Total investments  960.776  $1,706,797  $1,624,720   95.05%
Other assets in excess of liabilities          84,682   4.95%
Net assets         $1,709,402   100.00%

 

December 31, 2020            
  Fine Ounces of Gold  Cost  Fair Value  % of Net Assets 
Investment in gold    $  $   0.00%
Total investments    $  $   0.00%
Other assets in excess of liabilities          18   100.00%
Net assets         $18   100.00%

 

See notes to unaudited financial statements.

 

 F-2

 

Wilshire wShares Enhanced Gold Trust

 

Statement of Operations

 

  

For the three
months ended
March 31, 2021 

 
   (unaudited) 
     
Expenses    
Sponsor’s fee $1,313 
Organizational fee  6,368 
Total expenses  7,681 
Net investment loss  (7,681)
     
Net realized and change in unrealized gain (loss) on investment in gold    
 Net realized gain (loss) from gold sold to pay expenses  (858)
 Net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investment in gold  (82,077)
 Net realized and change in unrealized gain (loss) from investment in gold  (82,935)
     
Net income (loss) $(90,616)

 

See notes to unaudited financial statements.

 

 F-3

 

 

Wilshire wShares Enhanced Gold Trust

 

Statement of Cash Flows

 

  

For the three
months ended
March 31, 2021 

 
   (unaudited) 
     
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:    
Net income (loss) $(90,616)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:    
Value of gold received for creation of Shares  (1,734,457)
Value of gold distributed for the redemption of Shares   
Proceeds from sales of gold to pay expenses  26,802 
 Net realized gain (loss) from gold sold to pay expenses  858 
 Net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investment in gold  82,077 
(Increase) decrease in gold receivable  (26,802)
(Increase) decrease in prepaid asset  (58,582)
Increase (decrease) in Sponsor fee payable  961 
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities  (1,799,759)
     
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:    
Creation of Shares  1,800,000 
Redemption of Shares   
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities  1,800,000 
Net Increase (Decrease) in Cash  241 
Cash beginning of period  18 
Cash end of period $259 

 

See notes to unaudited financial statements.

 

 F-4

 

 

Wilshire wShares Enhanced Gold Trust

 

Statement of Change in Net Assets

 

  

For the three
months ended
March 31, 2021 

 
   (unaudited) 
     
Net assets, beginning of period(1) $18 
Creation of 100,000 Shares  1,800,000 
Redemption of (–) Shares   
Net investment loss  (7,681)
 Net realized gain (loss) from gold sold to pay expenses  (858)
Net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investment in gold  (82,077)
Net assets, end of period $1,709,402 

 

(1)The amount represents the initial deposit.

 

See notes to unaudited financial statements.

 

 F-5

 

 

Wilshire wShares Enhanced Gold Trust

 

Financial Highlights

 

Per Share Performance (for a Share outstanding throughout each period presented) 

 

  

For the three
months ended
March 31, 2021 

 
  (unaudited) 
     
Net asset value per Share, beginning of period(1) $18.00 
Net investment loss(a)  (0.08)
Net realized and unrealized gain (loss) on investment in gold  (0.83)
Net change in net assets from operations  (0.91)
Net asset value per Share, end of period $17.09 
     
Total return, at net asset value(b)  (5.06)%
     
Ratio to average net assets(c)    
Net investment loss  (3.80)%
Net expenses  3.80%

 

(1)The amount represents the initial deposit.
(a)Calculated using average Shares outstanding.
(b)Not annualized.
(c)Annualized.

 

See notes to unaudited financial statements.

 

 F-6

 

Wilshire wShares Enhanced Gold Trust

 

Notes to Unaudited Financial Statements 

March 31, 2021

 

1. ORGANIZATION

 

The Wilshire wShares Enhanced Gold Trust (the “Trust”) is an exchange-traded fund formed on January 8, 2020, as a Delaware statutory trust and trades on the NYSE Arca, Inc. (the “Exchange”). The Trust operates pursuant to a trust agreement, dated as of January 8, 2020, as amended by the First Amendment to the Trust Agreement, dated as of August 24, 2020, and further amended and restated on December 17, 2020 (the “Trust Agreement”) between Wilshire Phoenix Funds LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (the “Sponsor”), and Delaware Trust Company (the “Trustee”). The Trust is not registered as an investment company under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “Investment Company Act”), and is not a commodity pool for purposes of the Commodity Exchange Act (“CEA”). The Trust issues shares (the “Shares”), which represent units of fractional undivided beneficial interest in the Trust. The Trust will have no assets other than (a) physical gold held by the Trust (“Physical Gold”), and (b) cash. The Trust’s performance, whether positive or negative, will be driven primarily by its investments in Physical Gold. The Trust’s Physical Gold is carried, for financial statement purposes, at fair value, as required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”). The Trust’s Net Asset Value (the “NAV”) is determined by the Administrator, in conformity with U.S. GAAP, on each business day as of 4:00 p.m., (New York City time) or as soon thereafter as practicable. The Trust commenced operations on February 18, 2021.

 

The investment objective of the Trust is for the Shares to closely reflect the Wilshire Gold Index (the “Index”), less the Trust’s liabilities and expenses. The objective of the Index is to reduce the risk-profile typically associated with the purchase of gold, as measured by the realized volatility of the LBMA Gold Price PM, while maintaining the correlative benefits of gold versus the S&P 500® Index. Solactive AG calculates, maintains and publishes information about the Index (the “Index Calculation Agent”).

 

JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. is the gold custodian of the Trust (the “Gold Custodian”). Foreside Fund Services, LLC is the marketing agent for the Shares (the “Marketing Agent”). The Bank of New York Mellon is the custodian for cash (in such capacity, the “Cash Custodian”), the administrator (in such capacity, the “Administrator”), and the transfer agent (in such capacity, the “Transfer Agent”) of the Trust. Exchange Traded Concepts, LLC has been appointed as a representative (in such capacity, the “Representative”) for the purposes of performing certain operational functions, which include effecting the monthly rebalances of the Trust’s assets on the last business day of each month (each, a “Rebalance Date”), and effecting creations, redemptions, sales and other transactions on behalf of the Trust. All net proceeds from the sale of the Shares will be used to purchase Physical Gold to the extent required to track the Index’s allocation to Physical Gold and to pay the expenses of the Trust.

 

Shares of the Trust are listed on the Exchange under the ticker symbol “WGLD”. The market price of the Shares may be different from the NAV per Share. Shares may be purchased from the Trust only by certain eligible financial institutions called Authorized Participants and only in one or more blocks of 10,000 Shares (“Creation Units”) in exchange for cash. The Trust issues Shares in Creation Units on a continuous basis at the applicable NAV per Share on the creation order date. Except when aggregated in Creation Units, the Shares are not redeemable securities.

 

The Trust is an “emerging growth company” as that term is used in the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and, as such, the Trust may elect to comply with certain reduced public company reporting requirements.

 

Virtu Financial BD LLC, the initial Authorized Participant, purchased 100,000 Shares at a price of $18.00 per Share on February 17, 2021.

 

The statement of financial condition and schedule of investments at March 31, 2021 and the statements of operations, change in net assets, and cash flows for the period ended March 31, 2021, have been prepared on behalf of the Trust and are unaudited. In the opinion of management of the Sponsor of the Trust, all adjustments (which include normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly the financial position and results of operations for the period ended March 31, 2021, have been made. In addition, interim period results are not necessarily indicative of results for a full-year period.

 

The statements of operations, changes in net assets, and cash flows for the period January 8, 2020 through March 31, 2020 are not included as the Trust did not commence operations until February 18, 2021. 

 

The fiscal year of the Trust is December 31st.

 

2. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

In preparing financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP, management of the Sponsor makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, as well as the reported amount of revenue and expenses reported during the period. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

 

The following is a summary of significant accounting policies followed by the Trust.

 

 F-7

 

 

2.1. Basis of Presentation

 

The Sponsor has determined that the Trust falls within the scope of Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 946, Financial Services - Investment Companies, and has concluded that only for financial reporting purposes, the Trust is classified as an Investment Company (as defined in ASC 946). The Trust is not registered as an investment company under the Investment Company Act and is not required to register under such act.

 

2.2. Valuation of Gold

 

The Trust follows the provisions of FASB ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements (“ASC 820”). ASC 820 provides guidance for determining fair value and requires increased disclosure regarding the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. ASC 820 defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date.

 

The Administrator generally values the Physical Gold held by the Trust using that day’s LBMA Gold Price PM. If there is no LBMA Gold Price PM on any day, the Administrator is authorized to use that day’s LBMA Gold Price AM, or the most recently announced LBMA Gold Price PM or LBMA Gold Price AM. LBMA Gold Price is the price per troy ounce, in U.S. dollars, of unallocated gold delivered in London determined by IBA following an electronic auction consisting of one or more 30-second rounds starting at 10:30 a.m. (London time) (in the case of LBMA Gold Price AM) or 3:00 p.m. (London time) (in the case of LBMA Gold Price PM) on each day that the London gold market is open for business, and published shortly thereafter. At the start of each round of auction, IBA publishes a price for that round. Participants then have 30 seconds to enter, change or cancel their orders (i.e., how much gold they want to buy or sell at that price). At the end of each round, order entry is frozen, and the system checks to see if the imbalance (i.e., the difference between buying and selling) is within the threshold (normally 10,000 troy ounces for gold). If the imbalance is outside the threshold at the end of a round, then the auction is not balanced, the price is adjusted, and a new round starts. If the imbalance is within the threshold then the auction is finished, and the price is set as the LBMA Gold Price AM or LBMA Gold Price PM, as appropriate, for that day. Any imbalance is shared equally between all direct participants (even if they did not place orders or did not log in), and the net volume for each participant trades at the final price. The prices during the auction are determined by an algorithm that takes into account current market conditions and activity in the auction. Each auction is actively supervised by IBA staff. As of the date of this prospectus, information publicly available on IBA’s website indicates that the direct participants currently qualified to submit orders during the electronic auctions used for the daily determination of the LBMA Gold Price are Bank of China, Bank of Communications, Coins ‘N Things Inc., Goldman Sachs, HSBC Bank USA NA, Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC), INTL FC Stone, Jane Street Global Trading, LLC, JPMorgan Chase Bank N.A., Koch Supply and Trading LP, Marex Financial Limited, Morgan Stanley, Standard Chartered Bank, The Bank of Nova Scotia and Toronto Dominion Bank.

 

Neither the Trustee nor the Sponsor are liable to any person for the determination that the most recently announced LBMA PM Gold Price (or other benchmark price) is not appropriate as a basis for evaluation of the gold held or receivable by the Trust or for any determination as to the alternative basis for evaluation, provided that such determination is made in good faith.

 

Once the value of the Trust’s Physical Gold has been determined, the Administrator subtracts all accrued expenses and liabilities of the Trust from the total value of the Physical Gold and all other assets of the Trust. The resulting figure is the NAV of the Trust. The Administrator determines the NAV by dividing the NAV of the Trust by the number of Shares outstanding on the day the computation is made. 

 

ASC 820 establishes a hierarchy that prioritizes inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. The three levels of inputs are:

 

Level 1: Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Trust has the ability to access.

 

Level 2: Observable inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability either directly or indirectly. These inputs may include quoted prices for the identical instrument on an inactive market, prices for similar instruments and similar data.

 

Level 3: Unobservable inputs for the asset or liability to the extent that relevant observable inputs are not available, representing the Trust’s own assumptions about the assumptions that a market participant would use in valuing the asset or liability, and that would be based on the best information available.

 

 F-8

 

 

The Sponsor categorizes the Trust’s investment in gold as a Level 1 asset within the ASC 820 hierarchy.

 

  

Level 1 

  

Level 2 

  

Level 3 

 
Investment in gold $1,624,720  $  $ 
Total $1,624,720  $  $ 

 

 

2.3. Expenses

 

The Trust pays the Sponsor a fee that will accrue daily at an annualized rate equal to 0.65% of the daily NAV of the Trust, paid monthly in arrears (the “Sponsor Fee”). The Sponsor Fee is accrued in and payable in U.S. dollars.

 

The following ordinary and recurring fees of the Trust will be paid by the Administrator out of the Sponsor’s Fee: the Administrator Fee, the Gold Custodian Fee, the Cash Custodian Fee, the Transfer Agent Fee, the Representative Fee, the Trustee Fee, the Partnership Representative Fee, the Trust’s audit fees (including any fees and expenses associated with tax preparation) and up to $100,000 per year of the Trust’s legal fees and expenses (the “Sponsor-Paid Expenses”).

 

To pay the Sponsor’s Fee, the Cash Custodian will withdraw from the cash on deposit in the cash account an amount of U.S. dollars equal to the Sponsor’s Fee, determined as described above. Any Sponsor-Paid Expenses will be netted out of the Sponsor’s Fee, and the Cash Custodian will, pursuant to the instruction of the Administrator, directly pay the recipients of such amounts. After netting such Sponsor-Paid Expenses, the Administrator shall instruct the Cash Custodian to pay the remaining amount of the Sponsor’s Fee to the Sponsor. The Sponsor, from time to time, may waive all or a portion of the Sponsor’s Fee in its sole discretion.

 

The Trust is required to pay certain other fees and expenses that are not contractually assumed by the Sponsor, including, but not limited to, any fees and expenses associated with the Trust’s monthly rebalancing between Physical Gold and cash, any other fees (including commissions and/or exchange fees) associated with the buying and selling of Physical Gold for the Trust, fees and expense reimbursements due to the Marketing Agent, the Trust’s regulatory fees and expenses (including any filing, application or license fees), printing and mailing costs, costs of maintaining the Trust’s website, the Trust’s legal fees and expenses to the extent they exceed $100,000 per year, any applicable license fees, extraordinary legal fees and expenses of the Sponsor, any service provider or the Trust, taxes and governmental charges, extraordinary expenses (as described below) incurred by the Sponsor or any other service provider on behalf of the Trust, expenses of the service providers and any indemnification obligations of the Trust (collectively, “Additional Trust Expenses”). Extraordinary expenses are fees and expenses incurred not in the ordinary course of the Trust’s business or fees that are unexpected or unusual in nature, such as extraordinary legal fees and expenses of the Sponsor, any service provider or the Trust, legal claims and liabilities, litigation costs, non-recurring expenses or costs incurred by the Sponsor or any other service provider on behalf of the Trust, or other unanticipated expenses.

 

2.4. Gold Receivable or Payable and Revenue Recognition Policy

 

Gold receivable or payable represents the quantity of gold covered by contractually binding orders for the creation or redemption of Shares respectively, where the gold has not yet been transferred to or from the Trust’s account. Gold receivable or payable also represents the quantity of gold yet to be received from or distributed to the Gold Custodian in conjunction with a rebalance transaction. Generally, ownership of the gold is transferred within two business days of the trade date.

 

The Sponsor, on each Rebalance Date, shall instruct the Representative to purchase and/or sell Physical Gold. In addition, the Administrator, acting pursuant to instructions from the Sponsor, shall, on the Rebalance Date, instruct the Cash Custodian to pay amounts due and payable by the Trust as of the Determination Date. When selling gold to pay expenses, the Representative will endeavor to sell the smallest amount of gold needed to pay expenses to minimize the Trust’s holdings of assets other than gold. Unless otherwise directed by the Sponsor, the Representative will sell gold to the Custodian at the next LBMA Gold Price PM following the sale order. A gain or loss is recognized based on the difference between the selling price and the average cost of the gold sold, and such amounts are reported as net realized gain/(loss) from investment in gold sold to pay expenses on the statements of operations.

 

2.5. Creations and Redemptions of Shares

 

The Trust creates and redeems Shares from time to time, but only in one or more Creation Units. A Creation Unit is a block of 10,000 Shares. Creation Units may be created or redeemed only by Authorized Participants. Except when aggregated in Creation Units, the Shares are not redeemable securities. Authorized Participants pay a transaction fee of $500 in connection with each order to create or redeem a Creation Unit and are subject to an additional processing charge for failure to timely deliver such orders. From time to time, the Sponsor, in its sole discretion, may reimburse Authorized Participants for all or a portion of the processing fees from the Sponsor’s own assets. Authorized Participants may sell the Shares included in the Creation Units they purchase from the Trust to other investors. The transfer of Creation Units is only made in exchange for the delivery to the Trust or the distribution by the Trust of the cash, the amount of which is based on the combined NAV determined on the day the order to create or redeem Creation Units is properly received of the number of Shares included in a Creation Unit (each, a “Basket”). Creations of Baskets may only be settled after the requisite cash is deposited in the cash account of the Trust.

 

 F-9

 

 

Authorized Participants must be (i) registered broker-dealers or other securities market participants, such as banks and other financial institutions, which are not required to register as broker-dealers to engage in securities transactions, and (ii) participants in the Depository Trust Company (the “DTC”). To become an Authorized Participant, a person must enter into an Authorized Participant Agreement with the Trust and the Sponsor. The Authorized Participant Agreement sets forth the procedures for the creation and redemption of Creation Units and for the payment of cash required for such creations and redemptions. The Sponsor may delegate its duties and obligations under the Authorized Participant Agreement to the Marketing Agent, the Administrator, or the Transfer Agent, without consent from any Shareholder or Authorized Participant. The Authorized Participant Agreement may be amended by the Sponsor only with the consent of the Authorized Participant, while the procedures attached thereto may be amended with notice to the Authorized Participant by following the procedures specified in the Authorized Participant Agreement. Shareholder consent is not required in either case. To compensate the Transfer Agent for services in processing the creation and redemption of Creation Units, an Authorized Participant is required to pay a transaction fee of $500 per order to create or redeem Creation Units. There was 1 share created and outstanding in 2020.

 

There were 100,001 Shares outstanding at March 31, 2021. 

 

Changes in the Shares for the three months ended March 31, 2021 are:

 

   

Shares 

  

Amount 

 
Balance at January 1, 2021   1  $18 
Creation of Shares   100,000   1,800,000 
Redemption of Shares       
Balance at March 31, 2021   100,001  $1,800,018 

 

 

2.6. Organizational Costs

 

The costs of the Trust’s organization were borne directly by the Sponsor. The Trust is obligated to pay, or reimburse the Sponsor for, Additional Trust Expenses and any fees and expenses that are specified in the Trust Agreement as payable by the Trust.

 

2.7. Income Taxes

 

The Trust is classified as a “partnership” for United States federal income tax purposes. As a result, the Trust itself is not subject to United States federal income tax. Instead, the Trust’s income, gain, losses, and expenses will “flow through” to the Shareholders, and the Trustee reports these to the Internal Revenue Service on that basis.

 

The Sponsor evaluates tax positions taken or expected to be taken in the course of preparing the Trust’s tax returns to determine whether the tax positions are “more-likely-than-not” to be sustained by the applicable tax authority. Tax positions not deemed to meet that threshold would be recorded as an expense in the current year. The Trust is required to analyze all open tax years. Open tax years are those years that are open for examination by the relevant income taxing authority. As of March 31, 2021, no tax years are open for examination. There is no examination in progress at period end.

 

 

3. INVESTMENT IN GOLD

 

The following represents the changes in fine ounces of gold and the respective fair value during the three months ended March 31, 2021:

 

  Amount in fine ounces  Amount in US$ 
Balance at January 1, 2021    $ 
Gold received for creation of Shares  976.626   1,800,018 
Gold distributed for redemption of Shares      
Value of gold sold to pay expenses     (7,681)
Net realized gain (loss) from gold sold to pay expenses  (15.850)  (858)
Change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investment in gold     (82,077)
Balance at March 31, 2021  960.776  $1,709,402 

 

There were no investments held during 2020.

 

 

 F-10

 

 

4. RELATED PARTIES – SPONSOR, TRUSTEE, GOLD CUSTODIAN, CASH CUSTODIAN, ADMINISTRATOR AND TRANSFER AGENT

 

The Sponsor was formed on May 14, 2018, and established, coordinated, and paid the organizational expenses of the Trust. The Sponsor, together with the Administrator, the Gold Custodian, the Cash Custodian, the Transfer Agent, the Representative, and their respective agents are generally responsible for the administration of the Trust under the provisions of their respective governing agreements. Some of the responsibilities of the Sponsor include (i) selecting the Trust’s service providers and, from time to time, engaging additional, successor or replacement service providers, which shall also include negotiating each service provider agreement and related fees on behalf of the Trust, (ii) facilitating registration of the Shares in book-entry form to be held in the name of Cede & Co. at the facilities of DTC in consultation with the Transfer Agent, and (iii) performing such other services as the Sponsor believes the Trust may require. The Sponsor is generally not involved in the day-to-day activities of the Trust.

 

The Trustee is appointed to serve as the trustee of the Trust in the State of Delaware for the sole purpose of satisfying the requirement of Section 3807(a) of the Delaware Statutory Trust Act (“DSTA”) that the Trust have at least one trustee with a principal place of business in the State of Delaware. The Trustee’s duties and liabilities with respect to the offering of Shares and management of the Trust are limited to its express obligations under the Trust Agreement. The Trustee shall not be liable under any circumstances, except for its own willful misconduct, bad faith, or gross negligence with respect to its express duties under the Trust Agreement. The Trustee will have no obligation to monitor or supervise the obligations of the Sponsor, Transfer Agent, Administrator, Gold Custodian, Cash Custodian, or any other person. The Trustee will be compensated by the Trust, out of the Sponsor’s Fee, for the Trustee’s fees. The Trustee will be reimbursed by the Trust for reasonable legal expenses it incurs in connection with consultation with its counsel (who may be counsel for the Sponsor or the Trustee) in relation to indemnification under the Trust Agreement.

 

The Gold Custodian serves as a custodian on the Trust’s behalf, and the Physical Gold in the Trust’s account maintained by the Gold Custodian is considered an asset that remains the Trust’s property at all times. The Gold Custodian is responsible for receiving and safekeeping the Trust’s Physical Gold. The Gold Custodian will store Physical Gold in its own vaulting facilities, generally in London, New York, or such other locations where the Gold Custodian may maintain vaulting facilities from times to time. The Gold Custodian may appoint sub-custodians from time to time for the custody and safekeeping of Physical Gold, but the Gold Custodian remains liable for the custody and safekeeping of Physical Gold and for any loss suffered by the Trust as a result of any act or omission or insolvency of any sub-custodian. The Gold Custodian has agreed to maintain insurance in support of its custodial obligations under the Gold Custodian Agreement, including covering any loss of Physical Gold held in allocated form.

 

Under the Cash Custody Agreement, the Cash Custodian will be responsible for maintaining the cash account in which the Cash Custodian will hold U.S. dollars in the name of the Trust. The Cash Custodian will be compensated out of the Sponsor’s Fee for the Cash Custodian’s services under the Cash Custody Agreement.

 

The Administration Agreement establishes the rights and responsibilities of the Administrator and the Trust with respect to the administration, accounting, and recordkeeping of the Trust. The responsibilities of the Administrator will include duties and obligations set forth in the Administration Agreement in connection with (i) the Trust’s payment of fees and expenses on each Rebalance Date, (ii) providing information to the Sponsor in order for the Sponsor to determine the monthly rebalancing of the Trust’s holdings in Physical Gold and cash on each Rebalance Date, (iii) evaluating the Physical Gold holdings and the Cash, determining the Trust’s NAV and the NAV per Share and preparing daily reports, and (iv) maintaining books and records on behalf of the Trust. The Administrator will prepare the Trust’s required filings under the Exchange Act. The Administrator will be compensated by the Trust, out of the Sponsor’s Fee, for the Administrator’s fees.

 

The Transfer Agent records the ownership of the Shares on the books and records of the Trust and coordinates with the Marketing Agent and DTC as necessary. The Transfer Agent will credit or debit the number of Shares owned by holders of record. The Transfer Agent will (i) facilitate purchases and redemptions of Creation Units to be held in the name of DTC or its nominee, Cede & Co., at the facilities of DTC; (ii) prepare and transmit by means of DTC’s book-entry system payments on or with respect to the Shares declared by the Trust; (iii) maintain the record of the name and address of the Shareholder and the number of Shares issued by the Trust and held by the Shareholder; (iv) record the issuance of Shares of the Trust and maintain a record of the total number of Shares of the Trust which are outstanding, and, based upon data provided to it by the Trust, the total number of authorized Shares; (v) prepare and transmit to the Trust and the Administrator and to any applicable securities exchange information with respect to purchases and redemptions of Shares; (vi) extend the voting rights to the Shareholder for extension by DTC to DTC participants and the beneficial owners of Shares in accordance with policies and procedures of DTC for book-entry only securities; and (vii) maintain books and records related to its activities on behalf of the Trust. The Transfer Agent will also perform the customary services of a transfer agent including, but not limited to, maintaining the accounts of the Shareholders. The Transfer Agent will be compensated by the Trust, out of the Sponsor’s Fee, for the Transfer Agent’s fees.

 

5. CONCENTRATION OF RISK

 

The Trust’s sole business activity is the investment in gold bullion and cash to track the Index, less the Trust’s liabilities and expenses. Several factors could affect the price of gold: (i) global gold supply and demand, which is influenced by such factors as forward selling by gold producers, purchases made by gold producers to unwind gold hedge positions, central bank purchases and sales, and production and cost levels in major gold-producing countries, and new production projects; (ii) investors’ expectations regarding future inflation rates; (iii) currency exchange rate volatility; (iv) interest rate volatility; and (v) political, economic, global or regional incidents. In addition, there is no assurance that gold will maintain its long-term value in terms of purchasing power in the future. In the event that the price of gold declines, the Sponsor expects the value of an investment in the Shares to decline proportionately. Each of these events could have a material effect on the Trust’s financial position and results of operations.

 

 F-11

 

 

6. INDEMNIFICATION

 

The Sponsor and its affiliates, and their respective members, managers, directors, officers, employees, agents and controlling persons (each a “Sponsor Indemnified Party”), will be indemnified by the Trust and held harmless against any loss, judgment, liability, claim, suit, penalty, tax, cost, amount paid in settlement of any claims sustained by it or expense incurred by it arising out of or in connection with the performance of its obligations under the Trust Agreement and under each other agreement entered into by the Sponsor in furtherance of the administration of the Trust, including any costs and expenses incurred by the Sponsor in defending itself against any claim or liability in its capacity as Sponsor; provided that (i) such loss was not the direct result of gross negligence, bad faith or willful misconduct on the part of the Sponsor or a Sponsor Indemnified Party, and (ii) any such indemnification will be recoverable only from the assets of the Trust. Any indemnifiable amounts payable to such indemnified persons may be payable in advance or shall be secured by a lien on the Trust.

 

The Trustee and any of the officers, directors, affiliates, employees and agents of the Trustee (each, a “Trustee Indemnified Party” shall be indemnified by the Trust and held harmless against any loss, damage, liability (including liability under state or federal securities laws), claim, action, suit, cost, expense, disbursement (including the reasonable fees and expenses of counsel generally and in connection with its enforcement of its indemnification rights), tax or penalty of any kind and nature whatsoever, to the extent arising out of, imposed upon or asserted at any time against such indemnified person in connection with the execution or delivery of the Trust Agreement, the performance of its obligations under the Trust Agreement, the creation, operation or termination of the Trust or the transactions contemplated therein; provided, however, that (i) the Trust shall not be required to indemnify any such indemnified person for any such expenses which are a result of the willful misconduct, bad faith or gross negligence related to the express duties of the Trustee or Trustee Indemnified Party, and (ii) any such indemnification will be recoverable only from the assets of the Trust. The obligations of the Trust to indemnify such indemnified persons under the Trust Agreement shall survive the resignation or removal of the Trustee and the termination of the Trust Agreement. Any indemnifiable amounts payable to such indemnified persons may be payable in advance or shall be secured by a lien on the Trust.

 

 F-12

 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

This information should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes included in Item 1 of Part I of this Form 10-Q. This Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and such forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties. All statements (other than statements of historical fact) included in this Form 10-Q that address activities, events or developments that may occur in the future, including such matters as future gold prices, gold sales, costs, objectives, changes in commodity prices and market conditions (for gold and the shares), the Trust’s operations (including the effects thereon related to the coronavirus (“COVID-19”) pandemic), the Sponsor’s plans and references to the Trust’s future success and other similar matters are forward-looking statements. Words such as “could,” “would,” “may,” “expect,” “intend,” “estimate,” “predict,” and variations on such words or negatives thereof, and similar expressions that reflect our current views with respect to future events and Trust performance, are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are only predictions, subject to risks and uncertainties that are difficult to predict and many of which are outside of our control, and actual results could differ materially from those discussed. Forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results or outcomes to differ materially from those expressed therein. We express our estimates, expectations, beliefs, and projections in good faith and believe them to have a reasonable basis. However, we make no assurances that management’s estimates, expectations, beliefs, or projections will be achieved or accomplished. These forward-looking statements are based on assumptions about many important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements. Such factors are discussed in: Part I, Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations of this Form 10-Q; Part II, Item 1A. Risk Factors of this Form 10-Q, and other parts of this Form 10-Q. We do not intend to update any forward-looking statements even if new information becomes available or other events occur in the future, except as required by the federal securities laws.

 

Organization and Trust Overview

 

The Wilshire wShares Enhanced Gold Trust (the “Trust”) is an exchange-traded fund formed on January 8, 2020, as a Delaware statutory trust and trades on the NYSE Arca, Inc. (the “Exchange”). The Trust operates pursuant to a trust agreement, dated as of January 8, 2020, as amended by the First Amendment to the Trust Agreement, dated as of August 24, 2020, and further amended and restated on December 17, 2020 (the “Trust Agreement”) between Wilshire Phoenix Funds LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (the “Sponsor”), and Delaware Trust Company (the “Trustee”). The Trust is not registered as an investment company under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “Investment Company Act”), and is not a commodity pool for purposes of the Commodity Exchange Act (“CEA”). The Trust issues shares (the “Shares”), which represent units of fractional undivided beneficial interest in the Trust. The Trust will have no assets other than (a) Physical Gold, and (b) cash. The Trust’s performance, whether positive or negative, will be driven primarily by its investments in Physical Gold. The Trust’s Physical Gold is carried, for financial statement purposes, at fair value, as required by U.S. GAAP. The Trust’s NAV is determined by the Administrator, on a U.S. GAAP basis, on each business day as of 4:00 p.m., (New York City time) or as soon thereafter as practicable.

 

The investment objective of the Trust is for the Shares to closely reflect the Wilshire Gold Index (the “Index”), less the Trust’s liabilities and expenses, and the Trust aims to achieve its investment objective by investing in Physical Gold and holding cash in proportions that seek to replicate the proportions in which Physical Gold and cash are represented in the Index. The objective of the Index is to reduce the risk-profile typically associated with the purchase of gold, as measured by the realized volatility of the LBMA Gold Price PM, while maintaining the correlative benefits of gold versus the S&P 500® Index. The purpose of the Index is to seek to outperform a stand-alone investment in gold.  Solactive AG calculates the Index (the “Index Calculation Agent”).

 

The Index systematically rebalances between gold and cash on a monthly basis. Realized volatility, sometimes referred to herein as historical volatility, measures the magnitude of price movements of a given asset over a defined historical time period. The Index generally seeks to reduce its realized volatility relative to the realized volatility of the LBMA Gold Price PM by lowering its exposure to gold during periods of increased realized volatility in the LBMA Gold Price PM. Gold may serve or act as a diversifier and a hedge within a portfolio of assets, especially during times of heightened realized volatility observed in the S&P 500® Index, and therefore the Index will generally calculate an increased gold exposure during periods of heightened realized volatility observed in the S&P 500® Index. The Index has a notional component representing Physical Gold (the “Physical Gold Component”) and cash (the “Cash Component”) based on a cash weighting to the extent that less than 100% of the Index is comprised of the Physical Gold Component (the “Cash Weighting”). In seeking to track the Cash Weighting portion of the Index, the Trust will hold cash.

 

On each “Determination Date” (the second business day prior to a Rebalance Date), the Index Calculation Agent calculates the new weighting of the Physical Gold Component utilizing a mathematically derived, non-discretionary, objective and passive rules-based methodology that will apply on the Rebalance Date. This methodology adjusts the Index’s exposure to Physical Gold depending on the historical realized volatility and returns of the LBMA Gold Price PM and historical realized volatility of the S&P 500® Index utilizing a look-back period of 45 days, among other parameters. The Index Calculation Agent’s determination of the new weight for the Physical Gold Component will be based on the observed historical realized volatility and returns of the LBMA Gold Price PM and historical realized volatility of the S&P 500® Index.

 

 3

 

 

The new percentage weighting for the Physical Gold Component will generally be lower than the prior month if the historical realized volatility of Physical Gold is higher than during the previous period, and vice versa. In addition, during a period of increased historical realized volatility within the S&P 500® Index, the Index may calculate a higher weighting for the overall exposure to gold. The weightings of the Physical Gold Component and the Cash Weighting will never be negative. The weighting for the Physical Gold Component will not exceed 100%. The combined weightings of the Physical Gold Component and the Cash Weighting will always sum to 100%, and if the weighting of the Physical Gold Component is 100%, then the Cash Weighting will be zero. The calculated weighting for the Physical Gold Component on each Rebalance Date will not be less than 50%.

 

On each Rebalance Date, the changes to the weightings of the Physical Gold Component and the Cash Weighting as calculated on the Determination Date will be effective for the Index through the next Rebalance Period, and the Trust will rebalance its assets in order to closely replicate the new weightings in the Index. The Index’s weight for the Physical Gold Component is always positive and therefore represents a long position in Physical Gold to the extent of the percentage of Physical Gold represented in the Index. Historically, price returns of the Index exhibit high correlation to the returns of gold as represented by the LBMA Gold Price PM. In periods where the weight of the Physical Gold Component is less than 100%, it is expected that the daily Index price movement will be in the same direction as the daily LBMA Gold Price PM movement, albeit to a lesser extent. The Trust’s daily performance is expected to exhibit the same relationship to the price of the LBMA Gold Price PM to the extent that the Trust’s daily performance tracks that of the Index.

 

This description of the Index methodology is only a summary, and this and other information about the Index is provided here for informational purposes but is not intended to provide sufficient detail to permit full replication of the Index.

 

The Trust lists the Shares on the Exchange under the ticker symbol “WGLD”. The market price of the Shares may be different from the NAV per Share. Shares may be purchased from the Trust only by certain eligible financial institutions called Authorized Participants (as defined below) and only in one or more blocks of 10,000 Shares (“Creation Units”). The Trust issues Shares in Creation Units on a continuous basis at the applicable NAV per Share on the creation order date. Except when aggregated in Creation Units, the Shares are not redeemable securities.

 

The Trust pays the Sponsor a fee that will accrue daily at an annualized rate equal to 0.65% of the daily NAV of the Trust, paid monthly in arrears (the “Sponsor Fee”). The Sponsor Fee is accrued in and payable in U.S. dollars.

 

Valuation of Gold and Computation of Net Asset Value

 

The Administrator determines the NAV of the Trust on each day that the Exchange is open for regular trading, as promptly as practical after 4:00 p.m. New York time. The NAV of the Trust is the aggregate value of gold and cash, if any, less liabilities of the Trust, which include estimated accrued but unpaid fees, expenses, and other liabilities. In determining the Trust’s NAV, the Administrator values the gold held by the Trust based on the afternoon London gold price per troy ounce of gold for delivery in London through a member of the London Bullion Market Association (“LBMA”) authorized to effect such delivery, as calculated and administered by independent service provider(s) and published by the LBMA on its website or by its successor that publicly displays prices (the “LBMA PM Gold Price”), or, if such day’s afternoon price is not available, the morning LBMA Gold Price (the “LBMA AM Gold Price”). If no LBMA Gold Price is available for the day, the Administrator will value the Trust’s gold based on the most recently announced LBMA PM Gold Price or LBMA AM Gold Price. If the Sponsor determines that such price is inappropriate to use, it shall identify an alternate basis for evaluation to be employed by the Administrator. The Sponsor may instruct the Administrator to use a different publicly available price, which the Sponsor determines to fairly represent the value of the Trust’s gold.

 

Results of Operations

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2021

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2021, 100,001 Shares (inclusive of 10 Baskets that were created upon the launch of the Trust and 1 share that was purchased by the Sponsor in a private placement prior to the Trust’s launch) were issued in exchange for cash that was used to purchase 976.626 fine ounces of gold, and 15.850 fine ounces of gold were sold to pay expenses. The Trust’s NAV per Share ended the period at $17.09 compared to $18.00 at February 17, 2021. The decrease in NAV per Share was due to a lower price of gold of $1,691.05 at period end, which represented a decrease of 5.03% from $1,780.70 at February 17, 2021. The decrease in the price of gold and the percentage weighting of gold in the Index contributed to a decrease of 4.70% in the level of the Index during that period. The difference in return of the Trust's NAV compared to that of the Index was (0.33)%.

 

 4

 

 

Comparison of Share Price, NAV and Wilshire Phoenix Gold Index.

 

 

 

At March 31, 2021, the Gold Custodian held 960.776 fine ounces of gold on behalf of the Trust in its vault, with a market value of $1,624,720 (cost: $1,706,797) based on the LBMA PM Gold Price at period end.

 

The change in net assets from operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021, was $(90,616), which was due to (i) the Sponsor Fee of $1,313 and (ii) organizational fees of $6,368, and (iii) a net realized and unrealized gain/(loss) of  $(82,935) from operations, which in turn resulted from a net realized gain/(loss) on gold transferred to pay expenses of $(858) and a net change in unrealized appreciation/(depreciation) on investments in gold bullion of $ (82,077).

 

For the period ended March 31, 2021, the price of the Shares traded on the Exchange decreased from $18.00 per Share to $17.25 per Share. The percentage change of the Share price over the course of the period was a decrease of 4.17%. The difference in return of the price of the Shares compared to the performance of the Index was 0.53%.

 

Historical Information Regarding Movements in the Price of Gold (as Represented by the LBMA Gold Price PM), the Return of the Index and Realized Volatility of the LBMA Gold Price PM and the S&P 500® Index

 

  

Three Months Ended 

March 31, 2021 

  

Three Months Ended 

December 31, 2020 

 
Aggregate Return of the LBMA Gold Price PM  (10.58)%  0.22%
Aggregate Return of the Index  (9.27)%  0.05%
Realized Volatility of LBMA Gold Price PM  15.60%  17.61%
Realized Volatility of the S&P 500® Index  15.99%  16.47%

 

Past performance should not be considered indicative of future performance, and current performance may be lower or higher than the performance quoted. The Index has limited historical data and no operating history. The Index’s historical data may not be representative of the Index’s potential performance under other market conditions. Back-tested performance prior to the launch of the Index refers to simulated performance data over the time periods indicated created by applying the Index’s calculation methodology to historical gold prices and, with respect to rebalancings, the levels of the S&P 500® Index. The back-tested performance data does not represent the investment performance of the Trust or the actual accounts of any investors or investment funds. This back-tested performance is designed to allow investors to understand and evaluate the Index methodology by seeing how it would have performed hypothetically during certain time periods. Such simulated performance data may not account for all factors that affect gold prices and the equities markets and are neither an indicator or guarantor of future performance. The back-tested performance data may not reflect the impact that any material market or economic factors might have had on the use of the Index’s methodology if the methodology had been used during the period for the Index. The back-tested Index data only reflects the application of that methodology in hindsight, since the Index was not actually calculated and published prior to November 3, 2020. The back-tested Index data cannot completely account for the impact of financial risk in actual trading. Consequently, you should not rely on that data as a reflection of what the actual Index performance would have been had the Index been in existence or in forecasting future Index performance. Any hypothetical or actual historical upward or downward trend in the level of the Index during any period shown is not an indication that the level of the Index is more or less likely to increase or decrease at any time.

 

 5

 

 

The price of gold is volatile and gold prices and realized volatility of gold prices are impacted by a variety of factors. These factors include, but are not limited to: announcements from central banks regarding a country’s reserve gold holdings, fluctuations in the value of the U.S. dollar, gold supply and demand, global or regional political, economic or financial events and situations, especially those unexpected in nature, interest rates in fiat currencies, currency exchange rates, investment and trading activities of large investors, including private and registered trusts, hedge funds and commodity funds, commodity pools, that may directly or indirectly invest in gold, changes in economic variables such as economic output and growth and monetary policies, changes in global gold supply and demand and investor and speculator attitude and confidence toward gold. Further, movements in the price of gold in the past, and any past or present trends, are not a reliable indicator of future movements. Such factors will impact the performance of the Trust and the results of operations on an ongoing basis. The Sponsor cannot predict the impact of such factors.

 

The returns of the S&P 500® Index are volatile and realized volatility of S&P 500® Index values are impacted by a variety of factors. These factors include, but are not limited to: market fluctuations caused by such factors as economic and political developments, changes in interest rates, perceived trends in securities prices, war, acts of terrorism, the spread of infectious disease or other public health issues, local, regional or global events such as war, acts of terrorism, recessions, changes in the financial condition of the issuers of securities underlying the S&P 500® Index, the value of equity securities generally, market confidence in and perceptions of securities underlying the S&P 500® Index, expectations regarding government, economic, monetary and fiscal policies, inflation and interest rates, economic expansion or contraction, global or regional political, economic and banking crises. Further, movements in the realized volatility of the S&P 500® Index values in the past, and any past or present trends, are not a reliable indicator of future movements. Such factors will impact the performance of the Trust and the results of operations on an ongoing basis. The Sponsor cannot predict the impact of such factors.

 

The realized volatility of the LBMA Gold Price PM for the table above is calculated using prices from the LBMA, which are made publicly available at the LBMA’s website (www.lbma.org.uk). Realized volatility of the S&P 500® Index for the table above is calculated using prices from S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC (“S&P”), which are publicly available on S&P’s website (www.spglobal.com/spdji/en/). The Trust and the Sponsor are not affiliated with the LBMA or S&P and do not accept responsibility for, or guarantee the accuracy and/or completeness of, the data included on their websites. Realized volatility is calculated using standard calculation of realized volatility on a price timeseries of an asset, which is shown below.

 

“Price” = price time series 

“Lookback” = number of days in the lookback period 

252 is used as the normalizing constant to convert the realized volatility to an annualized equivalent (i.e., it represents the number of trading days in any given year) 

√= Square root operator 

Σ= Summation operator, addition of all of the inputs calculated by iterating over the business days in the lookback period 

2 = Squared operator, the value multiplied by itself

 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

The Trust is not aware of any trends, demands, commitments, events, or uncertainties that are reasonably likely to result in material changes to its liquidity needs. The Sponsor Fee accrues daily at an annualized rate equal to 0.65% of the daily NAV of the Trust and is payable in U.S. dollars monthly in arrears.

 

The Administrator, acting pursuant to instructions from the Sponsor, will direct the Cash Custodian to withdraw from the cash account on each Rebalance Date, an amount of U.S. dollars sufficient to pay the Trust’s fees and expenses provided for in the Trust Agreement, and pay such amount to the recipients thereof; provided however that the Sponsor shall separately instruct the Administrator with respect to the timing for distribution of amounts in respect of redemptions. At March 31, 2021, the Trust had a cash balance of $259.

 

 6

 

 

 

Rebalancing of the Trust’s Assets

 

On each Rebalance Date, following the calculation of the weighting of the components of the Index, the Trust shall rebalance the Trust’s holdings in Physical Gold and cash in order to closely replicate the Index. In order to affect the monthly rebalancing, the Index Calculation Agent shall provide the percentage weight of the Physical Gold Component and the Cash Component as of the Determination Date to the Administrator and the Sponsor. The Sponsor, based on information provided by the Administrator and the Index Calculation Agent, shall make such determinations and calculations as of each Determination Date (taking into account amounts on deposit in the cash account as of such Rebalance Date and the amount of U.S. dollars necessary to, on such Rebalance Date, pay amounts due and payable by the Trust) as are necessary in order to determine the amount of Physical Gold to purchase or sell.

 

The Sponsor, on each Rebalance Date, shall instruct the Gold Custodian and the Cash Custodian, respectively, to purchase and/or sell Physical Gold, as applicable. The Administrator shall, on the Rebalance Date, instruct the Cash Custodian to pay amounts due and payable by the Trust as of the Determination Date; provided however that the Sponsor shall separately instruct the Administrator with respect to the timing for distribution of amounts in respect of redemptions.

 

In addition, the Representative interacts with the Cash Custodian, the Gold Custodian, the Administrator, the Trustee, the Index Calculation Agent and any other third-party service providers to the Trust for the purpose of effecting monthly rebalances of the Trust’s assets on a Rebalance Date, and effecting creations and redemptions.

 

The Sponsor may exercise discretion in connection with the amount of cash and Physical Gold to hold, purchase and/or sell on each Rebalance Date compared to their weightings in the Index, based on market value fluctuations or other factors occurring between the Determination Date and the Rebalance Date, in order to have the assets of the Trust more closely replicate the Index on such Rebalance Date and shall have no liability in connection therewith so long as it has exercised such discretion in good faith. The Sponsor and the applicable service providers shall use commercially reasonable efforts to effect the purchases, sales and/or payments contemplated on the Rebalance Date, provided that if any such purchases, sales and/or payments are unable to be made on the Rebalance Date, such purchases, sales and/or payments shall be made as soon as practicable thereafter.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangement

 

The Trust does not have any off-balance sheet arrangements.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

 

The Trust is a passive investment vehicle. It is not actively managed. The Trust’s investment objective is to closely reflect the Index, which varies allocations between gold and cash, less the Trust liabilities and expenses. Accordingly, fluctuations in the price of gold will affect the value of the Shares. Fluctuations in realized volatility of the LBMA Gold Price and the S&P 500® Index will affect the Index’s allocations to gold and cash accounting to the Index methodology and will affect the Trust’s exposure to gold. The Trust does not use derivatives or leverage to increase its exposure to gold. The maximum weight of the physical gold in the Trust is 100%.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

 

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

The duly authorized officers of the Sponsor, performing functions equivalent to those a principal executive officer and principal financial officer of the Trust would perform if the Trust had any officers, have evaluated the effectiveness of the Trust’s disclosure controls and procedures, and have concluded that the disclosure controls and procedures of the Trust were effective as of the end of the period covered by this report. Such disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed in the reports that the Trust files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, are recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time period specified in the applicable rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to the duly authorized officers of the Sponsor performing functions equivalent to those a principal executive officer and principal financial officer of the Trust would perform if the Trust had any officers, and to the Sponsor, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There has been no change in the internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the fiscal period that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

 7

 

 

Part II. OTHER INFORMATION.

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings.

 

The Trust is not aware of any existing or pending legal proceedings against it, nor is it involved as a plaintiff in any proceeding or pending litigation.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

You should carefully consider the risks and uncertainties described in the Trust’s amended and restated prospectus filed on April 16, 2021 (file no. 333-235913) pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3) under the Securities Act (the “Prospectus”) and the other information contained in the Prospectus before making an investment decision. The risks set forth in the Prospectus are not only ones facing the Trust. Additional risks and uncertainties may exist that could also adversely affect the Trust.

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

 

a) None.

 

b) Not applicable.

 

c) The Trust does not purchase Shares directly from its Shareholders. In connection with its redemption of baskets held by Authorized Participants, the Trust redeemed 0 baskets (comprising 0 Shares) during the three months ended March 31, 2021. The following table summarizes the redemptions by Authorized Participants during the period:

 

Period   

Total  

Number of  

Shares  

Redeemed 

   Average Price Per  Share  
1/1/21 to 1/31/21     $ 
2/1/21 to 2/28/21     $ 
3/1/21 to 3/31/21     $ 
Total        

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

 

None.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

 

None.

 

Item 5. Other Information.

 

None.

 

Item 6. Exhibits.

 

See the Exhibit Index below, which is incorporated by reference herein.

 

 8

 

EXHIBIT INDEX

 

Exhibit No.Description of Exhibit
1.1**Form of Authorized Participant Agreement
  
4.1Amended and Restated Trust Agreement
  
4.1.1**Second Amended and Restated Trust Agreement
  
4.2**Certificate of Trust (attached as Exhibit A to the Second Amended and Restated Trust Agreement)
  
5.1Form of Opinion of Seward & Kissel LLP as to legality of Shares
  
8.1Form of Opinion of Seward & Kissel LLP as to tax matters
  
10.1*Gold Custodian Agreement (Allocated Gold)
  
10.2*Gold Custodian Agreement (Unallocated Gold)
  
10.3Cash Custodian Agreement
  
10.4*Index Calculation Agreement
  
10.5Fund Administration and Accounting Agreement
  
10.6*Marketing Agent Agreement
  
10.7First Amendment to Marketing Agent Agreement
  
10.8Transfer Agency and Service Agreement
  
10.9*Sponsor Representative Services Agreement
  
10.10Sublicense Agreement
  
23.2Consent of Seward & Kissel LLP (included in Exhibit 5.1)
  
23.3Consent of Seward & Kissel LLP (included in Exhibit 8.1)
  
31.1Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
  
31.2Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
  
32.1Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
  
32.2Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
  
101.INSXBRL Instance Document
  
101.SCHXBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
  
101.CALXBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
  
101.LABXBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
  
101.PREXBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
  
101.DEFXBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

 

 

 

*Portions of these exhibits have been omitted as permitted by the rules and regulations of the SEC.

 

**Filed herewith.

 

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Signatures

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned in the capacities* indicated thereunto duly authorized.

 

Wilshire Phoenix Funds, LLC

Sponsor of the Trust

 

By:/s/ William Herrmann* 
 William Herrmann 
 Managing Partner 
 (serving in the capacity of principal executive officer) 

  

Date: May 17, 2021

 

* The registrant is a trust and the person is signing in his capacity as an officer of Wilshire Phoenix Funds, LLC, the Sponsor of the Registrant. 

 

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