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Global Business Travel (GBTG)

Filed: 21 Jun 22, 5:18pm

Table of Contents

As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 21, 2022

No. 333-        

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM S-1

REGISTRATION STATEMENT

UNDER

THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

Global Business Travel Group, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

4700

98-0598290

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

(Primary Standard Industrial
Classification Code Number)
666 3rd Avenue, 4th Floor
New York, NY 10017
Telephone: (212) 679-1600

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of registrant’s principal executive offices)

Eric J. Bock, Esq.

Chief Legal Officer

Global Business Travel Group, Inc.

666 3rd Avenue, 4th Floor

New York, NY 10017

Telephone: (212) 679-1600

(Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)

Copies of all communications, including communications sent to agent for service, should be sent to:

Gregory A Fernicola, Esq.

Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP

One Manhattan West

New York, NY 10001-8602

Telephone: (212) 735-3000

P. Michelle Gasaway, Esq.

Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP

300 South Grand Avenue, Suite 3400

Los Angeles, CA 90071

Telephone: (213) 687-5000

Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: From time to time on or after the effective date of this registration statement.

If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), check the following box:

If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”).

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act.

The registrant hereby amends this registration statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this registration statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 or until this registration statement shall become effective on such date as the SEC acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.

STATEMENT PURSUANT TO RULE 429

The registrant is filing a single prospectus in this registration statement pursuant to Rule 429 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). The prospectus is a combined prospectus relating to (i) (a) the issuance by us of up to 409,448,481 shares of Class A common stock, par value of $0.0001 per share (“Class A Common Stock”), of Global Business Travel Group, Inc.; and (b) the resale by certain of the selling securityholders of (1) up to 492,628,569 shares of Class A Common Stock and (2) up to 12,224,134 private placement warrants, all of which are being registered hereunder and (ii) 76,078,391 shares of Class A Common Stock, including shares of Class A Common Stock underlying GBTG Options and warrants, registered under Form S–4 (File No. 333-261820), originally filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on December 21, 2021 and subsequently declared effective (the registration statement referenced in the preceding clause (ii), as amended and/or supplemented, the “Prior Registration Statement”). Pursuant to Rule 429 under the Securities Act, this registration statement on Form S-1 upon effectiveness will serve as a post-effective amendment to the Prior Registration Statement. Such post-effective amendment shall hereafter become effective concurrently with the effectiveness of this registration statement and in accordance with Section 8(c) of, and Rule 429 under, the Securities Act.

The information in this preliminary prospectus is not complete and may be changed. These securities may not be sold until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This preliminary prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities, nor does it seek an offer to buy these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.

Table of Contents

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION, DATED JUNE 21, 2022

PRELIMINARY PROSPECTUS

GLOBAL BUSINESS TRAVEL GROUP, INC.

UP TO 485,526,872 SHARES OF CLASS A COMMON STOCK

AND

UP TO 492,628,569 SHARES OF CLASS A COMMON STOCK

UP TO 12,224,134 WARRANTS TO PURCHASE SHARES OF CLASS A COMMON STOCK

OFFERED BY THE SELLING SECURITYHOLDERS

This prospectus relates to the issuance by us of up to 485,526,872 shares of Class A Common Stock, which consists of: (i) shares of Class A Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of private placement warrants and public warrants that were issued to stockholders in connection with the APSG IPO; (ii) shares of Class A Common Stock issuable upon the exchange of GBT B Ordinary Shares (with automatic surrender for cancellation of an equal number of shares of Class B Common Stock) held by the Continuing JerseyCo Owners; and (iii) shares of Class A Common Stock issuable upon the conversion of “earnout” shares held by the Continuing JerseyCo Owners and the holders of GBT Capital Stock and GBT Legacy MIP Options (and, in the case of the Continuing JerseyCo Owners, upon the subsequent exchange of GBT B Ordinary Shares (with automatic surrender for cancellation of an equal number of shares of Class B Common Stock) into which such “earnout” shares will convert); and (iv) shares of Class A Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of GBTG Options held by the holders of GBT Capital Stock and GBT Legacy MIP Options.

This prospectus also relates to the resale by certain of the selling securityholders named in this prospectus, or the Selling Securityholders, of: (1) up to 492,628,569 shares of Class A Common Stock, which consists of (i) shares of Class A Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of private placement warrants and public warrants held by certain of our officers and directors, (ii) shares of Class A Common Stock issuable upon the exchange of GBT B Ordinary Shares (with automatic surrender for cancellation of an equal number of shares of Class B Common Stock) held by the Continuing JerseyCo Owners; (iii) shares of Class A Common Stock issuable upon the conversion of “earnout” shares held by the Continuing JerseyCo Owners and certain of our officers and directors (and, in the case of the Continuing JerseyCo Owners, upon the subsequent exchange of GBT B Ordinary Shares (with automatic surrender for cancellation of an equal number of shares of Class B Common Stock) into which such “earnout” shares will convert); (iv) shares of Class A Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of GBTG Options held by certain of our officers and directors; (v) shares of Class A Common Stock issued in the PIPE Investment; and (vi) converted Founder Shares; and (2) up to 12,224,134 private placement warrants.

See “Selected Definitions” below for certain defined terms used in this prospectus.

We are registering the resale of the shares of Class A Common Stock and warrants for resale pursuant to the Registration Rights Agreement and the PIPE Subscription Agreements. Our registration of the securities covered by this prospectus does not mean that the Selling Securityholders will offer or sell any of the shares of Class A Common Stock or warrants. Subject to the terms of the applicable agreements, the Selling Securityholders may offer, sell or distribute all or a portion of their shares of Class A Common Stock, public warrants or private placement warrants publicly or through private transactions at prevailing market prices or at negotiated prices. We provide more information about how the Selling Securityholders may sell the shares of Class A Common Stock or warrants in the section entitled “Plan of Distribution.”

We will receive the proceeds from any exercise of the warrants or GBTG Options for cash, but not from the resale of the shares of Class A Common Stock or warrants by the Selling Securityholders.

We will bear all costs, expenses and fees in connection with the registration of the shares of Class A Common Stock and warrants. The Selling Securityholders will bear all commissions and discounts, if any, attributable to their respective sales of the shares of Class A Common Stock and warrants.

Our Class A Common Stock and public warrants are listed on the New York Stock Exchange (the “NYSE”) under the symbols “GBTG” and “GBTG.WS,” respectively. On June 17, 2022, the last reported sale price for our Class A Common Stock as reported on the NYSE was $6.79 per share and the last quoted sale price for our warrants was $1.02 per warrant.

We are an “emerging growth company,” as defined under the federal securities laws, and, as such, have elected to comply with certain reduced public company reporting requirements for this prospectus and for future filings.

Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully read the discussion in “Risk Factors” beginning on page 7 of this prospectus.

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

Prospectus dated             , 2022

ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS

You should rely only on the information contained in this prospectus or in any applicable prospectus supplement prepared by us or on our behalf. Neither we nor the Selling Securityholders have authorized anyone to provide any information or to make any representations other than those contained in this prospectus, any accompanying prospectus supplement or any free writing prospectus we have prepared. We and the Selling Securityholders take no responsibility for, and can provide no assurance as to the reliability of, any other information that others may give you. This prospectus is an offer to sell only the securities offered hereby and only under circumstances and in jurisdictions where it is lawful to do so. No dealer, salesperson or other person is authorized to give any information or to represent anything not contained in this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement or any related free writing prospectus. This prospectus is not an offer to sell securities, and it is not soliciting an offer to buy securities, in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted. You should assume that the information appearing in this prospectus or any prospectus supplement is accurate only as of the date on the front of those documents only, regardless of the time of delivery of this prospectus or any applicable prospectus supplement, or any sale of a security. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed since those dates.

This prospectus is part of a registration statement on Form S-1 that we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) using the “shelf” registration process. Under this shelf registration process, the Selling Securityholders hereunder may, from time to time, sell the securities offered by them described in this prospectus. We will not receive any proceeds from the sale by such Selling Securityholders of the securities offered by them described in this prospectus.

A prospectus supplement may also add, update or change information included in this prospectus. Any statement contained in this prospectus will be deemed to be modified or superseded for purposes of this prospectus to the extent that a statement contained in such prospectus supplement modifies or supersedes such statement. Any statement so modified will be deemed to constitute a part of this prospectus only as so modified, and any statement so superseded will be deemed not to constitute a part of this prospectus. You should rely only on the information contained in this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement or any related free writing prospectus. See “Where You Can Find More Information.”

This prospectus contains summaries of certain provisions contained in some of the documents described herein, but reference is made to the actual documents for complete information. All of the summaries are qualified in their entirety by the actual documents. Copies of some of the documents referred to herein have been filed, will be filed or will be incorporated by reference as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part, and you may obtain copies of those documents as described in the section entitled under “Where You Can Find More Information.”

Unless the context otherwise requires, the “Company,” “GBTG,” “our,” “we” or “us” refer to Global Business Travel Group, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its consolidated subsidiaries following the Closing. Unless the context otherwise requires, references to “APSG” refer to Apollo Strategic Growth Capital, a blank check company incorporated as a Cayman Islands exempted company, prior to the Closing, references to “Legacy GBT” refer to GBT JerseyCo Limited, a company limited by shares incorporated under the laws of Jersey, prior to the Closing, and references to “GBT” refer to GBT JerseyCo Limited, a company limited by shares incorporated under the laws of Jersey, following the Closing.

ii

TRADEMARKS, TRADE NAMES AND SERVICE MARKS

This prospectus contains references to trademarks and service marks belonging to other entities. Solely for convenience, trademarks, trade names and service marks referred to in this prospectus may appear without the ®, TM or SM symbols, but such references are not intended to indicate, in any way, that the applicable licensor will not assert, to the fullest extent under applicable law, its rights to these trademarks, trade names and service marks. We do not intend our use or display of other companies’ trade names, trademarks or service marks to imply a relationship with, or endorsement or sponsorship of us by, any other companies.

MARKET, INDUSTRY AND OTHER DATA

Market, industry and other data used in this prospectus have been obtained from independent industry sources and publications, including the following:

Global Business Travel Association (“GBTA BTI Outlook Annual Global Report & Forecast: Prospects for Global Business Travel 2020-2024,” January 2021, Global Business Travel Association);
World Travel & Tourism Council (“Travel & Tourism: Economic Impact 2021,” April 2021, World Travel & Tourism Council);
Travel Weekly (“2021 Power List,” June 2021, Travel Weekly; “2020 Power List,” January 2020, Travel Weekly);
Business Travel News (“2020 Corporate Travel 100,” October 2020, Business Travel News);
Skift Research (“The Travel Industry Turned Upside Down,” September 2020, Skift Research in Partnership With McKinsey & Company);
The American Lawyer (“The 2021 Am Law 100: Ranked by Gross Revenue,” April 2021, The American Lawyer); and
Fortune 500® (“Fortune 500,” 2021, FORTUNE and “100 Best Companies to Work For,” 2021, FORTUNE).

Market and industry data, statistics and forecasts used throughout this prospectus are based on publicly available information, industry publications and surveys, reports by market research firms and our estimates based on our management’s knowledge of, and experience in, the travel industry and customer segments in which we compete. Third-party industry publications and forecasts generally state that the information contained therein has been obtained from sources generally believed to be reliable. In addition, certain information contained in this prospectus, including information relating to the proportion of new opportunities we pursue, represents our management's estimates. While we believe our internal estimates to be reasonable, and we are not aware of any misstatements regarding the industry data presented herein, they have not been verified by any independent sources. Such data involve risks and uncertainties and are subject to change based on various factors, including those discussed under the captions “Risk Factors,” “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”

iii

SELECTED DEFINITIONS

When used in this prospectus, unless otherwise stated or the context otherwise requires:

“2020 Executive LTIP” refers to the 2020 Executive Long-Term Cash Incentive Award Plan.
“2021 Executive LTIP” refers to the 2021 Executive Long-Term Cash Incentive Award Plan.
“2022 Plan” refers to the Global Business Travel Group, Inc. 2022 Equity Incentive Plan.
“Adjusted EBITDA” refers to net income (loss) before interest income, interest expense, gain (loss) on early extinguishment of debt, benefit from (provision for) income taxes, depreciation and amortization (or EBITDA) and as further adjusted to exclude costs that our management believes are non-core to our underlying business, consisting of restructuring costs, integration costs, costs related to mergers and acquisitions, separation costs, non-cash equity-based compensation, long-term incentive plan costs, certain corporate costs, foreign currency gains (losses), non-service components of net periodic pension benefit (costs) and gains (losses) on disposal of businesses.
“Adjusted Operating Expenses” refers to total operating expenses excluding depreciation and amortization and costs that our management believes are non-core to our underlying business, consisting of restructuring costs, integration costs, costs related to mergers and acquisitions, separation costs, non-cash equity-based compensation, long-term incentive plan costs and certain corporate costs.
“Amended & Restated GBT MIP” refers to the GBT JerseyCo Limited Amended and Restated Management Incentive Plan, effective as of December 2, 2021.
“American Express” refers to American Express Company and its consolidated subsidiaries.
“Amex HoldCo.” refers to American Express Travel Holdings Netherlands Coöperatief U.A.
“APSG” refers, prior to the Domestication and the Closing, to Apollo Strategic Growth Capital, a blank check company incorporated as a Cayman Islands exempted company.
“APSG Board” refers to the board of directors of APSG prior to the Domestication and the Closing.
“APSG Class A Ordinary Shares” refers to Class A ordinary shares, par value $0.00005 per share, of APSG prior to the Domestication and the Closing.
“APSG Class B Ordinary Shares” refers to the Class B ordinary shares, par value $0.00005 per share, of APSG prior to the Domestication and the Closing.
“APSG IPO” refers to APSG’s initial public offering on October 6, 2020.
“APSG Organizational Documents” refers to the Amended and Restated Memorandum and Articles of Association of APSG under the Cayman Islands Companies Act.
“APSG Shareholders” refers to the holders of APSG Class A Ordinary Shares and holders of APSG Class B Ordinary Shares prior to Domestication and the Closing.
“B2B travel” refers to travel for business purposes that is purchased and fulfilled through a company-sponsored and managed channel.
“B2C” refers to channels or platforms used by consumers to book and fulfill travel, including directly with suppliers or through intermediaries such as online travel agencies. B2C may include business travelers who purchase travel outside of a company-sponsored and managed channel, or whose companies does not have such a channel.

iv

“BHC Act” refers to the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended.
“Board” refers to the board of directors of GBTG.
“Business Combination” refers to the transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement.
“Business Combination Agreement” refers to the Business Combination Agreement, dated as of December 2, 2021 (as the same has been amended, modified, supplemented or waived from time to time in accordance with its terms), by and between APSG and Legacy GBT.
“Bylaws” refers to the Bylaws of GBTG.
“CAGR” refers to a compound annual growth rate.
“Certares” refers to Certares Management LLC.
“Certificate of Incorporation” refers, collectively, to the Certificate of Incorporation of GBTG, the Certificate of Designations for the Class A-1 Preferred Stock and the Certificate of Designations for the Class B-1 Preferred Stock.
“Class A Common Stock” refers to the Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, of GBTG.
“Class A Stock” refers to (a) if no shares of Class A-1 Preferred Stock or Class B-1 Preferred Stock have been issued pursuant to and in accordance with the Shareholders Agreement, Class A Common Stock, and (b) if any shares of Class A-1 Preferred Stock or Class B-1 Preferred Stock have been so issued, (i) Class A Common Stock or Class A-1 Preferred Stock and (ii) where the context requires, Class A Common Stock and Class A-1 Preferred Stock, collectively.
“Class B Common Stock” refers to the Class B common stock, par value $0.0001 per share of GBTG.
“Class B Stock” refers to (a) if no shares of Class A-1 Preferred Stock or Class B-1 Preferred Stock have been issued pursuant to and in accordance with the Shareholders Agreement, Class B Common Stock, and (b) if any shares of Class A-1 Preferred Stock or Class B-1 Preferred Stock have been so issued, (i) Class B Common Stock or Class B-1 Preferred Stock and (ii) where the context requires, Class B Common Stock and Class B-1 Preferred Stock, collectively.
“Closing” refers to the consummation of the transactions contemplated by the Business Combination.
“Closing Date” refers to May 27, 2022, the date of the closing of the Business Combination.
“Code” refers to the U.S. Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.
“Common Stock” refers to Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock.
“Company,” “GBTG,” “our,” “we” or “us” refer to Global Business Travel Group, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its consolidated subsidiaries following the Closing.
“Continuing JerseyCo Owners” refers to Amex HoldCo., Juweel and Expedia, which hold GBT B Ordinary Shares, shares of Class B Common Stock and “earnout” shares following the Closing.
“DGCL” refers to the Delaware General Corporation Law, as amended.
“dollars” or “$” refers to U.S. dollars.
“Domestication” refers to the domestication of APSG as a Delaware corporation, with the APSG Shares becoming shares of Common Stock of GBTG under the applicable provisions of the Cayman Islands Companies Act (2021 Revision) of the Cayman Islands as the same may be amended from time to time and the DGCL.

v

“EBITDA” refers to net income (loss) before interest income, interest expense, gain (loss) on early extinguishment of debt, benefit from (provision for) income taxes and depreciation and amortization.
“Egencia” refers to the business acquired in the Egencia Acquisition.
“Egencia Acquisition” refers to Legacy GBT’s acquisition of the Egencia business from Expedia pursuant to the Egencia Equity Contribution Agreement.
“Egencia Equity Contribution Agreement” refers to the Equity Contribution Agreement, dated as of August 11, 2021, by and among Expedia, Inc., Legacy GBT and Juweel, in connection with the Egencia Acquisition.
“Equity Commitment Letters” refers to the equity commitment letters entered into by Juweel and Amex HoldCo. with Legacy GBT, each dated as of August 25, 2020, and each as amended on January 20, 2021. Such equity commitment letters, and the then-remaining commitments thereunder, were terminated at Closing.
“ESPP” refers to the Global Business Travel Group Employee Stock Purchase Plan.
“Exchange Act” refers to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
“Exchange Agreement” refers to the exchange agreement, dated May 27, 2022, by and among GBTG, GBT and each holder of GBT B Ordinary Shares from time to time party thereto.
“Exchange Committee” refers to a committee of the Board comprising solely independent directors not nominated by a Continuing JerseyCo Owner who are disinterested with respect to any particular exchange under the Exchange Agreement. The Exchange Committee may be (and the term “Exchange Committee” shall be construed to include) either (a) a standalone committee of the Board or (b) the Audit and Finance Committee of the Board or another committee of the Board that meets the requirements specified in this definition, for so long as the Board has delegated the functions of the Exchange Committee to the Audit and Finance Committee or such other committee, as applicable; provided that, if (i) the Exchange Committee is a standalone committee of the Board, no nominee of a Continuing JerseyCo Owner may be a member of the Exchange Committee, and (ii) the Board has delegated the functions of the Exchange Committee to the Audit and Finance Committee and the members of the Audit and Finance Committee include one or more nominees of a Continuing JerseyCo Owner, then each such nominee of must recuse himself or herself from any and all business of such committee concerning an Exchange.
“Expedia” refers to EG Corporate Travel Holdings LLC, a Delaware limited liability company.
“Founder Shares” refers to the 20,420,250 APSG Class B Ordinary Shares held in the aggregate by the Sponsor and the Insiders, which were converted into shares of our Class A Common Stock at the Closing.
“Free Cash Flow” refers to net cash from (used in) operating activities, less cash used for additions to property and equipment.
“GAAP” refers to United States generally accepted accounting principles, consistently applied.
“GBT” refers to GBT JerseyCo Limited, a company limited by shares incorporated under the laws of Jersey, following the Closing.
“GBT A Ordinary Shares” refers to voting redeemable shares of GBT, designated as “A Ordinary Shares” in the GBT Amended and Restated M&A with a nominal value of €0.00001.
“GBT Amended and Restated M&A” refers to the Fourth Amended & Restated Memorandum of Association of GBT and the Third Amended & Restated GBT Articles of Association.
“GBT B Ordinary Shares” refers to non-voting redeemable shares of GBT, designated as “B Ordinary Shares” in the GBT Amended and Restated M&A with a nominal value of €0.00001.

vi

“GBT C Ordinary Shares” or “earnout shares” refers to non-voting redeemable shares of GBT, designated as “C Ordinary Shares” in the GBT Amended and Restated M&A with a nominal value of €0.00001.
“GBT Capital Stock” refers to the GBT A Ordinary Shares, GBT B Ordinary Shares, GBT C Ordinary Shares and the GBT Z Ordinary Share.
“GBT DCP” refers to the GBT US LLC Deferred Compensation Plan.
“GBT Holders Support Agreement” refers to that certain support agreement, dated as of the date of the signing of the Business Combination Agreement, by and among APSG and certain holders of GBT Capital Stock, as amended or modified from time to time.
“GBT Legacy MIP Option” refers to an option to purchase GBT MIP Shares that was granted prior to 2021.
“GBT MIP Option” refers to an option to purchase GBT MIP Shares granted under the Amended & Restated GBT MIP (or any predecessor plan), including GBT Legacy MIP Options.
“GBT MIP Shares” refers to the MIP Shares (as such term is defined in Legacy GBT’s memorandum of association and articles of association) of €0.00001 each of Legacy GBT, issuable in respect of GBT MIP Options.
“GBT Supply MarketPlace” refers to our proprietary capability to source, distribute and manage travel and travel-related content to travelers, clients and Network Partners, through both GBT and third party technology, as well as GBT’s supplier content and management processes and expertise.
“GBT UK” refers to GBT Travel Services UK Limited, our wholly owned indirect subsidiary.
“GBT Z Ordinary Share” refers to non-voting non-redeemable shares of GBT, designated as the “Z Ordinary Share” in the GBT Amended and Restated M&A with a nominal value of €0.00001.
“GBTG Option” refers to an option relating to shares of Class A Common Stock upon substantially the same terms and conditions as are in effect with respect to the GBT MIP Option immediately prior to the Closing from which such GBTG Option was converted in connection with the Business Combination.
“GBTG MIP” refers to the Global Business Travel Group Amended and Restated Management Incentive Plan.
“GDS” refers to the three major Global Distribution Systems (Amadeus, Sabre and Travelport, inclusive of their constituent GDS) used by GBT as a source for air and other travel content. Global Distribution Systems are common technology infrastructure used by airlines and some other travel suppliers to distribute their content to Points of Sale (“POS”).
“HRG Pension Scheme” refers to the defined benefit scheme for certain of associates and retirees of GBT and its affiliates in the United Kingdom (“UK”).
“Insiders” refers to Jennifer Fleiss, Mitch Garber and James H. Simmons III.
“Juweel” refers to Juweel Investors (SPC) Limited, an exempted segregated portfolio company with limited liability incorporated under the laws of the Cayman Islands, successor-in-interest to Juweel Investors Limited, a company incorporated as an exempted company with limited liability under the laws of the Cayman Islands.
“Legacy GBT” refers to GBT JerseyCo Limited, a company limited by shares incorporated under the laws of Jersey, prior to the Closing.
“Net Debt (Cash)” refers to total debt outstanding consisting of current and non-current portion of long-term debt (defined as debt (excluding lease liabilities) with original contractual maturity dates of one year or greater), net of unamortized debt discount and unamortized debt issuance costs, minus cash and cash equivalents.

vii

“Network Partners” refers to third party travel management companies (“TMCs”) and independent advisors that are clients of GBT Partner Solutions who, through GBT Partner Solutions, can access GBT’s technology platform and content.
“NYSE” refers to the New York Stock Exchange.
“Old Shareholders Agreement” refers to the Second Amended & Restated Shareholders Agreement, dated as of November 1, 2021, by and among Legacy GBT, Juweel and Amex HoldCo.
“Ovation” refers to Ovation Travel, LLC, GBT’s subsidiary, and includes the Ovation, Ovation Vacations and Lawyers Travel brands.
“PIPE Investment” or “PIPE” refers to the private placement pursuant to which PIPE Investors subscribed for an aggregate of 32,350,000 newly-issued shares of Class A Common Stock at a purchase price of $10.00 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $323.5 million pursuant to the PIPE Subscription Agreements, which was completed at the Closing.
“PIPE Investors” refers to the investors that signed PIPE Subscription Agreements and funded their committed amounts.
“PIPE Securities” refers to the shares of Class A Common Stock sold to the PIPE Investors pursuant to the PIPE Subscription Agreements.
“PIPE Subscription Agreements” refers to the subscription agreements, dated as of December 2, 2021, by and between APSG and the PIPE Investors, pursuant to which the PIPE Investment was consummated.
“private placement warrants” refers to the warrants that were initially issued to the Sponsor in a private placement simultaneously with the closing of the APSG IPO.
“public warrants” refers to the redeemable warrants underlying the units that were initially offered and sold by APSG as part of the APSG IPO.
“Registration Rights Agreement” refers to the Amended and Restated Registration Rights Agreement, dated as of May 27, 2022, between GBTG, the Sponsor, the Insiders and the Continuing JerseyCo Owners, as the same may be amended, modified, supplemented or waived from time to time in accordance with its terms.
“Rule 144” refers to Rule 144 under the Securities Act.
“S&P” refers to the rating agency, Standard & Poor.
“SEC” refers to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
“Securities Act” refers to the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.
“Senior Secured Credit Agreement” refers to that certain senior secured credit agreement, dated as of August 13, 2018, by and among GBT Group Services B.V., as borrower, GBT III B.V., as the original parent guarantor, the other loan parties from time to time party thereto, Morgan Stanley Senior Funding, Inc., as administrative agent and as collateral agent, and the lenders and letter of credit issuers from time to time party thereto, as amended from time to time.
“Senior Secured Initial Term Loans” refers to the $250 million initial senior secured term loan facility that was obtained under the Senior Secured Credit Agreement on August 13, 2018.
“Senior Secured New Tranche B-3 Term Loan Facilities” refers to the $1,000 million new tranche B-3 senior secured term loan facilities that were established under the Senior Secured Credit Agreement on December 16, 2021.
“Senior Secured Prior Tranche B-1 Term Loans” refers to the $400 million tranche B-1 senior secured incremental term loan facility that was obtained under the Senior Secured Credit Agreement on September 4, 2020, which facility was subsequently refinanced and repaid in full on December 16, 2021.

viii

“Senior Secured Prior Tranche B-2 Term Loan Facility” refers to the $200 million tranche B-2 senior secured delayed draw incremental term loan facility that was established under the Senior Secured Credit Agreement on January 20, 2021, which facility was subsequently refinanced and repaid in full, and the remaining unused commitments thereunder terminated, on December 16, 2021.
“Senior Secured Revolving Credit Facility” refers to the $50 million senior secured revolving credit facility under the Senior Secured Credit Agreement.
“Shareholders Agreement” refers to the Shareholders Agreement, dated May 27, 2022, between GBTG, GBT, Amex HoldCo., Juweel and Expedia, as the same may be amended, modified, supplemented or waived from time to time in accordance with its terms.
“SME” or “SME clients” refer to clients GBT considers small-to-medium-sized enterprises, which GBT generally defines as having an expected annual spend on air travel of less than $20 million. This criterion can vary by country and client needs.
“Sponsor” refers to APSG Sponsor, L.P., a Cayman Islands exempted limited partnership.
“Sponsor Side Letter” refers to the letter agreement, dated as of December 2, 2021, by and among the Sponsor, the Insiders, APSG and Legacy GBT, as the same may be amended, modified, supplemented or waived from time to time in accordance with its terms.
“Sponsor Side Letter Vesting Period” refers to the five years following the Closing.
“Sponsor Support Agreement” refers to the support agreement, dated as of December 2, 2021, by and among the Sponsor, the Insiders and Legacy GBT, as the same may be amended, modified, supplemented or waived from time to time in accordance with its terms.
“Total Transaction Value” or “TTV” refers to the sum of the total price paid by travelers for air, hotel, rail, car rental and cruise bookings, including taxes and other charges applied by suppliers at point of sale, less cancellations and refunds.
“TPN” refers to GBT’s Travel Partner Network, through which GBT services clients globally. All TPNs are Network Partners.
“Transactions” refers the completion of the Business Combination and the other transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement.
“Transfer Agent” refers to Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company.
“Treasury Regulations” refers to the regulations promulgated under the Code by the United States Department of the Treasury (whether in final, proposed or temporary form), as the same may be amended from time to time.
“Trust Account” refers to the trust account of APSG, which held the net proceeds from the APSG IPO and certain of the proceeds from the sale of the private placement warrants, together with interest earned thereon, less amounts released to pay taxes.
“UK Data Protection Act” refers to the Data Protection Act the UK implemented, effective in May 2018 and statutorily amended in 2019.
“UK GDPR” refers to the UK-only adaption of the GDPR, which took effect on January 1, 2021.
“VWAP” refers to dollar volume-weighted average price.
“warrants” refers to the public warrants and the private placement warrants.

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“Warrant Agreement” refers to that certain Warrant Agreement, dated as of October 1, 2020, by and between APSG and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company.

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information of GBTG presented in this prospectus has been derived by applying the pro forma adjustments described in “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information” to the historical consolidated financial statements of Legacy GBT included elsewhere in this prospectus. These pro forma adjustments give effect to the Business Combination, the Egencia Acquisition and the other related adjustments described in “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information” as if they had occurred on January 1, 2021, in the case of the unaudited pro forma condensed combined statements of operations, and as if the Business Combination and other related adjustments had occurred on March 31, 2022, in the case of the unaudited pro forma condensed combined balance sheet. The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information has been prepared using, and should be read in conjunction with, the historical financial statements of APSG, Legacy GBT and Egencia and related notes thereto included elsewhere in this prospectus. See “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information” for a complete description of the adjustments and assumptions underlying the unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information included in this prospectus.

All financial statements presented in this prospectus have been prepared in accordance with GAAP and, unless otherwise noted, are presented in U.S. dollars.

Certain monetary amounts, percentages and other figures included elsewhere in this prospectus have been subject to rounding adjustments. Accordingly, figures shown as totals in certain tables or charts may not be the arithmetic aggregation of the figures that precede them, and figures expressed as percentages in the text may not total 100% or, as applicable, when aggregated may not be the arithmetic aggregation of the percentages that precede them.

This prospectus contains “non-GAAP financial measures” that are financial measures that either exclude or include amounts that are not excluded or included in the most directly comparable measures calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP. Specifically, we use “EBITDA,” “Adjusted EBITDA,” “Adjusted EBITDA Margin,” “Adjusted Operating Expenses,” “Free Cash Flow” and “Net Debt (Cash)” as non-GAAP financial measures. For a discussion on our use of non-GAAP financial measures and a reconciliation to the most directly comparable GAAP measures, see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations Key Operating and Financial Metrics Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”

The COVID-19 pandemic severely restricted the level of economic activity around the world and has continued to have an unprecedented effect on the global travel industry, decreasing business travel significantly below 2019 levels. Accordingly, our last year of normalized operations before the COVID-19 pandemic was the year ended December 31, 2019. In various discussions of our business trends and performance, we have excluded a discussion of our performance for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 in this prospectus because we do not believe those results are indicative of our normal operations and the travel industry more generally due to the unprecedented impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. We believe the historical track record of growth and the emergent recovery of business travel as travel restrictions have been relaxed supports the fundamental growth drivers and long-term growth potential of business travel worldwide in the future. However, the profile, extent and timing of economic and travel recovery and the pace of future growth remains inherently uncertain given the nature of the COVID-19 pandemic and changes to business practices that may become permanent and reduce the need for business travel. There can be no assurance that any emerging growth patterns will continue or that we will replicate our historical growth in the future. For information on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on business travel, see “Business — Recent Performance and COVID-19 Update,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Result of Operations — Key Factors Affecting Our Results of Operations — Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic” and “Risk Factors — Risks Relating to Our Business and Industry.”

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CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Certain statements made in this prospectus are “forward looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Exchange Act, and are subject to the safe harbor created thereby under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Words such as “estimates,” “projected,” “expects,” “estimated,” “anticipates,” “suggests,” “projects,” “forecasts,” “plans,” “intends,” “believes,” “seeks,” “may,” “will,” “would,” “should,” “could,” “future,” “propose,” “target,” “goal,” “objective,” “outlook” and variations of these words or similar expressions (or the negative versions of such words or expressions) are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance, conditions or results, and involve a number of known and unknown risks, uncertainties, assumptions and other important factors, many of which are outside the control of the parties, that could cause actual results or outcomes to differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements. Important factors, among others, that may affect actual results or outcomes include:

our projected financial information, anticipated growth rate and market opportunities;
our ability to maintain our existing relationships with customers and suppliers and to compete with existing and new competitors in existing and new markets and offerings;
various conflicts of interest that could arise among us, affiliates and investors;
our success in retaining or recruiting, or changes required in, our officers, key employees or directors;
intense competition and competitive pressures from other companies in the industry in which we operate;
factors relating to our business, operations and financial performance, including market conditions and global and economic factors beyond our control;
the impact of COVID-19, Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and related changes in base interest rates, inflation and significant market volatility on our business, the travel industry, travel trends and the global economy generally;
costs related to the Business Combination;
the sufficiency of our cash, cash equivalents and investments to meet our liquidity needs;
the effect of a prolonged or substantial decrease in global travel on the global travel industry;
political, social and macroeconomic conditions (including the widespread adoption of teleconference and virtual meeting technologies which could reduce the number of in person business meetings and demand for travel and our services);
the effect of legal, tax and regulatory changes; and
other factors detailed under the section entitled “Risk Factors.”

The forward-looking statements contained in this prospectus are based on our current expectations and beliefs concerning future developments and their potential effects on us. There can be no assurance that future developments affecting us will be those that we have anticipated. These forward-looking statements involve a number of risks, uncertainties (some of which are beyond our control) or other assumptions that may cause actual results or performance to be materially different from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those factors described under the heading “Risk Factors” in this prospectus. Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should any of our assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may vary in material respects from those projected in these forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as may be required under applicable securities laws.

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PROSPECTUS SUMMARY

This summary highlights selected information contained in this prospectus. This summary is not complete and does not contain all of the information that you should consider before making an investment decision. You should carefully read this entire prospectus, including the information presented under the sections titled “Risk Factors,” “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward Looking Statements,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information,” and the consolidated financial statements and the related notes thereto included elsewhere in this prospectus before making an investment decision. The definition of some of the terms used in this prospectus are set forth under the section “Selected Definitions.”

Company Overview

We are the world’s leading platform serving travel for business purposes that is purchased and fulfilled through a company-sponsored and managed channel measured by 2019 TTV according to Travel Weekly (“2021 Power List,” June 2021, Travel Weekly). We provide a full suite of differentiated, technology-enabled solutions to business travelers and corporate clients, suppliers of travel content (such as airlines, hotels, ground transportation and aggregators) and third party travel agencies.

We are at the center of the global B2B travel ecosystem, managing the end-to-end logistics of corporate travel and providing an important link between businesses, their employees, travel suppliers and other industry participants. We service our clients in the following ways:

Our travel management solutions (delivered through the portfolio of GBT’s brands, including American Express Global Business Travel, Ovation, Lawyers Travel and Egencia) provide our clients with extensive access to flights, hotel rooms, car rentals and other travel services, including exclusive negotiated content, supported by a full suite of services that allows them to design and operate an efficient travel program and solve complex travel requirements.
GBT Partner Solutions extends our platform to third party travel management companies and independent advisors, offering them access to our differentiated content and technology. Through GBT Partner Solutions, we aggregate business travel demand serviced by our Network Partners at low incremental cost, which we believe enhances the economics of our platform, generates increased return on investment (“ROI”) and expands our geographic and segment footprint.
GBT Supply MarketPlace provides travel suppliers with efficient access to business travel clients serviced by our brands and Network Partners. We believe this access allows travel suppliers to benefit from premium demand (which we generally view as demand that is differentially valuable and profitable to suppliers) without incurring the costs associated with directly marketing to, and servicing, the complex needs of our corporate clients. Our travel supplier relationships generate efficiencies and cost savings that can be passed on to our corporate clients.

As of April 30, 2022, we served approximately 19,000 corporate clients and more than 260 Network Partners.

In June 2014, American Express established a joint venture (the “JV”) comprising the Legacy GBT operations with a predecessor of Juweel and a group of institutional investors led by an affiliate of Certares. Following the formation of the JV in 2014, we have evolved from a leading TMC into a complete B2B travel platform, becoming one of the leading marketplaces in travel for corporate clients and travel suppliers according to Travel Weekly (“2021 Power List,” June 2021, Travel Weekly). Before June 2014, our operations were owned by American Express and primarily consisted of providing business travel solutions for corporate clients.

Prior to the Closing Date, we operated our business travel, business consulting and meetings and events businesses under the brands American Express Global Business Travel and American Express Meetings & Events pursuant to an exclusive and worldwide license from American Express. Effective as of the Closing Date, we executed long-term commercial agreements with American Express, including the A&R Trademark License Agreement (as defined elsewhere in this prospectus), pursuant to which we continue to license the American Express trademarks used in the American Express Global Business Travel brand, continue to license the American Express trademarks used in American Express Meetings & Events (solely during a 12-month transition period) brand, and license the American Express trademarks used in the American Express GBT Meetings & Events brand for business travel, meetings and events, business consulting and other services related to business travel, in each case on an exclusive and worldwide basis.

As of May 31, 2022, we had approximately 17,000 employees worldwide with a proprietary presence or operations in 31 countries. We service clients in the rest of the world through our Travel Partners Network.

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The Business Combination

On May 25, 2022, APSG held an extraordinary general meeting of its shareholders (the “Shareholder Meeting”) at which the APSG Shareholders considered and adopted, among other matters, a proposal to approve the Business Combination pursuant to the terms of the Business Combination Agreement. Upon the completion of the Business Combination and the other transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement on May 27, 2022, GBT became a direct subsidiary of APSG, with APSG being re-domesticated as a Delaware corporation and renamed “Global Business Travel Group, Inc.” and conducting its business through GBT in an umbrella partnership-C corporation structure.

As a result of the Business Combination, we raised gross proceeds of approximately $365 million, including (i) the contribution of approximately $42 million of cash held in the trust account from the APSG IPO, net of the redemption of APSG Class A Ordinary Shares held by APSG Shareholders of approximately $776 million and (ii) $323.5 million PIPE Investment at $10.00 per share of our Class A Common Stock. As a result of the Business Combination, we received net proceeds of approximately $128 million, net of transaction costs related to the Business Combination of approximately $69 million and redemption of approximately $168 million of Legacy GBT’s preferred shares (including dividend accrued thereon). See “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Consolidated Financial Information” elsewhere in this prospectus for more information.

The PIPE Investment

Pursuant to subscription agreements entered into in connection with the Business Combination Agreement and funded at the Closing, certain investors subscribed for an aggregate of 32,350,000 newly-issued shares of Class A Common Stock at a purchase price of $10.00 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $323.5 million. At the Closing, the Company consummated the PIPE Investment.

After giving effect to the Transactions and the consummation of the PIPE Investment, we have 56,945,033 shares of Class A Common Stock issued and outstanding, 394,448,481 shares of Class B Common Stock issued and outstanding, 36,535,801 GBTG Options to purchase Class A Common Stock and 39,451,134 warrants to purchase Class A Common Stock issued and outstanding as of the date of this prospectus.

Earnout

In connection with the Closing, 15 million “earnout” shares were issued to the holders of GBT Capital Stock and GBT Legacy MIP Options. Each earnout share is in the form of GBT C Ordinary Share. The earnout shares are subject to earnout achievement milestones based on the dollar VWAP of the Class A Common Stock.

Summary of Risk Factors

In addition to the other information contained in this prospectus, the following risks have the potential to impact our business and operations. An investment in our securities involves a high degree of risk. You should consider carefully all of the risks described in this prospectus, together with the other information contained in this prospectus. These risk factors are not exhaustive and all investors are encouraged to perform their own investigation with respect to our business, financial condition and prospects. The occurrence of any of the following risks or additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently believe are immaterial could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects. In that event, the trading price of our securities could decline, and you could lose all or part of your investment. Such risks include, but are not limited to, the following:

The COVID-19 pandemic has had, and is expected to continue to have, an adverse impact on our business, including our financial results and prospects, and the travel suppliers on which our business relies;
The ongoing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business and the impact on our results of operations is uncertain;
Our revenue is derived from the global travel industry, and a prolonged or substantial decrease in global travel, particularly air travel, could adversely affect us;

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The widespread adoption of teleconference and virtual meeting technologies could reduce the number of in-person business meetings and demand for travel and our services, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations;
The travel industry is highly competitive;
Consolidation in the travel industry may result in lost bookings and reduced revenue;
Our business and results of operations may be adversely affected by macroeconomic conditions;
Downturns in domestic or global economic conditions, or other macroeconomic factors more generally, could have adverse effects on our results of operations;
Our international business exposes us to geo-political and economic risks associated with doing business in foreign countries;
Complaints from travelers or negative publicity about our services can diminish client confidence and adversely affect our business;
Certain results and trends related to our business and the travel industry more generally are based on preliminary data and assumptions, and as a result, are subject to change and may differ materially from what we expect;
If we are unable to maintain existing, and establish new, arrangements with travel suppliers, or if our travel suppliers and partners reduce or eliminate the commission and other compensation they pay us, our business and results of operations would be negatively impacted;
Our business and results of operations could be adversely affected if one or more of our major travel suppliers suffers a deterioration in its financial condition or restructures its operations or, as a result of consolidation in the travel industry, loses bookings and revenue;
We may be unable to identify and consummate new acquisition opportunities, which would significantly impact our growth strategy;
We may not realize the intended benefits of the Egencia Acquisition;
Cybersecurity attacks or security breaches could adversely affect our ability to operate, could result in personal information and our proprietary information being lost, stolen, made inaccessible, improperly disclosed or misappropriated and may cause us to be held liable or subject to regulatory penalties and sanctions and to litigation (including class action litigation), which could have a material adverse effect on our reputation and business;
Because we are deemed to be “controlled” by American Express under the BHC Act, we are and will be subject to supervision, examination and regulation by the Federal Reserve which could adversely affect our future growth and our business, results of operations and financial condition;
We are a holding company, our principal asset is an equity interest in GBT and our ability to pay taxes and expenses will depend on distributions made by our subsidiaries and may be otherwise limited by our structure and the terms of our existing and future indebtedness;
The classification of the Board may have anti-takeover effects, including discouraging, delaying or preventing a change of control; and
We have incurred significant increased costs as a result of being a newly public company, and our management will be required to devote substantial time to new compliance initiatives.

See “Risk Factors” included elsewhere in this prospectus for more information.

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Implications of Being an Emerging Growth Company

We are an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act, as modified by the Section 102(b)(1) of the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (“JOBS Act”). Section 102(b)(1) of the JOBS Act exempts emerging growth companies from being required to comply with new or revised financial accounting standards until private companies (that is, those that have not had a registration statement under the Securities Act declared effective or do not have a class of securities registered under the Exchange Act) are required to comply with the new or revised financial accounting standards. The JOBS Act provides that a company can elect to opt out of the extended transition period and comply with the requirements that apply to non-emerging growth companies but any such an election to opt out is irrevocable. We have elected not to opt out of such extended transition period , which means that when a standard is issued or revised and it has different application dates for public or private companies, we as an emerging growth company, can adopt the new or revised standard at the time private companies adopt the new or revised standard. This may make comparison of our financial statements with those of another public company that is neither an emerging growth company nor an emerging growth company that has opted out of using the extended transition period difficult or impossible because of the potential differences in accounting standards used.

We will remain an emerging growth company until the earlier of: (1) the last day of the fiscal year (a) following the fifth anniversary of the Closing Date, (b) in which we have total annual gross revenue of at least $1.07 billion, or (c) in which we are deemed to be a large accelerated filer, which means the market value of our common equity that is held by non-affiliates equals or exceeds $700 million as of the end of the prior fiscal year’s second fiscal quarter; and (2) the date on which we have issued more than $1.00 billion in non-convertible debt securities during the prior three-year period. References herein to “emerging growth company” have the meaning associated with the term in the JOBS Act.

Corporate Information

Our website address is www.amexglobalbusinesstravel.com. The information on, or that can be accessed through, our website is not part of this prospectus, and you should not consider information contained on our website in deciding whether to purchase shares of our Class A Common Stock.

Our principal executive office is located at 666 3rd Avenue, 4th Floor, New York, NY 10017. Our telephone number is (212) 679-1600.

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THE OFFERING

Issuer

    

Global Business Travel Group, Inc.

Issuance of Class A Common Stock

Total shares of Class A Common Stock issuable upon (i) the exercise of all public warrants, private placement warrants, GBTG Options, (ii) the exchange of GBT B Ordinary Shares (with automatic surrender for cancellation of an equal number of shares of Class B Common Stock), and (iii) the conversion of “earnout” shares

485,526,872 shares

Exercise price of the public warrants and private placement warrants

$11.50 per share, subject to adjustment as described herein

Use of proceeds

We will receive up to an aggregate of approximately $453,688,041 from the exercise of all public warrants and private placement warrants, assuming the exercise in full of all such warrants for cash. We will receive up to an aggregate of $287,568,024.15 from the exercise of all GBTG Options, assuming the exercise in full of all such options for cash. We expect to use the net proceeds from such exercises for general corporate purposes, which may include acquisitions and other business opportunities and the repayment of indebtedness. See the section of this prospectus titled “Use of Proceeds” appearing elsewhere in this prospectus for more information.

Resale of Class A Common Stock and Warrants

Shares of Class A Common Stock that may be offered and sold from time to time by the Selling Securityholders

492,628,569 shares of Class A Common Stock

Private placement warrants offered by the Selling Securityholders hereunder

12,224,134 warrants

Use of proceeds

All of the shares of Class A Common Stock and public warrants offered by the Selling Securityholders pursuant to this prospectus will be sold by the Selling Securityholders for their respective accounts. We will not receive any of the proceeds from such sales.

Transfer Restrictions

In connection with certain agreements related to the Business Combination, certain Selling Securityholders who received Founder Shares, GBTG Options, GBT MIP Options, GBT B Ordinary Shares, Class B Common Stock, “earnout” shares and any shares of Class A Common Stock into which such stock and shares are converted are subject to a post-Closing lock-up until the date that is 180 days after the Closing Date. The PIPE Securities will not be subject to a post-Closing lock-up period. See the section titled “Shares Eligible for Future Sale — Lock-Up Agreements.”

Dividend Policy

We have not paid any cash dividends on our Class A Common Stock to date. The payment of any cash dividends in the future will be within the discretion of our Board at such time. Furthermore, our ability to pay dividends is

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limited by the Senior Secured Credit Agreement and may be limited by covenants under other indebtedness we and our subsidiaries incur in the future, as well as other limitations and restrictions imposed by law. We currently expect to retain future earnings to finance operations and grow our business, and we do not expect to declare or pay cash dividends for the foreseeable future.

Pursuant to the Senior Secured Credit Agreement, so long as GBT is treated as a partnership or a disregarded entity for U.S. federal income tax purposes, GBT may make Tax Distributions (as defined and set forth in the Shareholders Agreement after the effectiveness thereof), subject to certain limitations on future amendments, if any, to the Shareholders Agreement and certain restrictions on making Tax Distributions with respect to any income included under Section 965(a) of the Code. We may receive tax distributions from GBT significantly in excess of our tax liabilities. If we become a guarantor under the Senior Secured Credit Agreement, then our ability to make dividends on the Class A Common Stock in the amount of any excess cash balances from such tax distributions, as well as certain other cash dividends, would be subject to fixed-dollar caps set forth in the Senior Secured Credit Agreement in the event that the total leverage ratio (calculated in a manner set forth in the Senior Secured Credit Agreement) would be greater than 3.00:1.00 after giving pro forma effect to such dividends. If we do not become a guarantor, then the ability of our subsidiaries to make certain cash dividends to us will be subject to similar restrictions.

NYSE Symbol

“GBTG” for our Class A Common Stock and “GBTG.WS” for our public warrants.

Risk Factors

See the section titled “Risk Factors” beginning on page 7 of this prospectus and other information included in this prospectus for a discussion of factors that you should consider carefully before deciding to invest in our Class A Common Stock and public warrants.

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RISK FACTORS

An investment in our securities involves a high degree of risk. In addition to the other information contained in this prospectus, the following risks have the potential to impact our business and operations. These risk factors are not exhaustive and all investors are encouraged to perform their own investigation with respect to our business, financial condition and prospects. The occurrence of any of the following risks or additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently believe are immaterial could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and future growth prospects. The trading price of our securities could decline due to any of these risks, and, as a result, you may lose all or part of your investment.

Risks Relating to Our Business and Industry

The COVID-19 pandemic has had, and is expected to continue to have, an adverse impact on our business, including our financial results and prospects, and the travel suppliers on which our business relies.

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, many governments around the world have implemented, and continue to implement, a variety of measures to reduce the spread of COVID-19, including travel restrictions and bans, instructions to residents to practice social distancing, quarantine advisories, shelter-in-place orders, required closures of non-essential businesses and additional restrictions on businesses as part of re-opening plans. These government mandates have had a significant negative impact on the travel industry and many of the travel suppliers on which our business relies, as well as on our workforce, operations and clients. While restrictions have been fully or partly lifted in many geographies, some restrictions remain in place or may be reinstated in the future. There remains uncertainty around when remaining restrictions will be lifted, the potential impact of the new variants of COVID-19, if additional restrictions may be initiated, if there will be changes to travel behavior patterns when government restrictions are fully lifted, the continued efficacy of existing vaccines and other preventative therapies against the new variants and the timing of distribution and administration of vaccines and other preventative therapies globally.

The COVID-19 pandemic and the resulting economic conditions and government orders forced many of our travel suppliers, including airlines and hotels, to pursue cost reduction measures and seek financing, including government financing and support, in order to reduce financial distress and continue operating, and to curtail drastically their service offerings. The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted, and may continue to result, in the restructuring or bankruptcy of certain of those travel suppliers, and renegotiation of the terms of our agreements with them. In addition, the COVID-19 pandemic resulted in a material decrease in business and consumer spending and an unprecedented decline in transaction volumes in the global travel industry. Our financial results and prospects are largely dependent on these transaction volumes. As a result, our financial results for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 were significantly and negatively impacted, with a material decline in total revenues, net income, cash flow from operations and Adjusted EBITDA (as defined in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Key Operating and Financial Metrics”) as compared to 2019, our last year of normalized operations. Our revenue for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 was $763 million and $793 million, respectively, compared to revenue of $2,119 million for the year ended December 31, 2019. Further, (i) we incurred a net loss of $475 million and $619 million for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, compared to a net income of $138 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, (ii) we had cash outflow from operations of $512 million and $250 million for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, compared to cash inflow from operations of $227 million for the year ended December 31, 2019 and (iii) our Adjusted EBITDA was $(340) million and $(363) million for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, compared to Adjusted EBITDA of $428 million for the year ended December 31, 2019.

Starting late in the fourth quarter of 2020, initial COVID-19 vaccines were approved for widespread distribution across the world. With vaccination programs well advanced in many countries, many governments around the world have lifted restrictions and transaction volumes in the global travel industry have experienced a material recovery. As of May 2022, transaction volumes, including Egencia and Ovation, were approximately 70% of 2019 levels. However there remains uncertainty around the path to full economic and travel recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic. As a result, we are unable to predict accurately the impact that the COVID-19 pandemic will have on our business going forward. While travel has historically been resilient to macroeconomic events, with the continued spread of COVID-19 and other variants throughout the world, the COVID-19 pandemic and its effects could continue to have an adverse impact on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows for the foreseeable future.

The ongoing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business and the impact on our results of operations is uncertain.

The extent of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, results of operations, cash flows and growth prospects are uncertain and will ultimately depend on future developments. These include, but are not limited to, the severity, extent and duration of

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the global pandemic, including as a result of any new variants of COVID-19, any resurgences of the pandemic, the global distribution of the vaccines and other preventative therapies and their efficacy against existing and any future variants of COVID-19, and their impacts on the travel industry and business and consumer spending more broadly; actions taken by national, state and local governments to contain the spread of COVID-19, including travel restrictions and bans, required closures of non-essential businesses, constraints on businesses during reopening transitions and aid and economic stimulus efforts; the effect of the changes in hiring levels and remote working arrangements that we have implemented on our operations, including the health, productivity, retention and morale of management and our employees and our ability to maintain our financial reporting processes and related controls; the impact on the financial condition on our supplier partners, and any potential restructurings or bankruptcies of our supplier partners; the impact on our contracts with our supplier partners, including force majeure provisions and requests to renegotiate the terms of existing agreements prior to their expiration, including providing temporary concessions regarding contractual minimums; our ability to withstand increased cyberattacks; the speed and extent of the recovery across the broader travel ecosystem, including the speed at which clients feel comfortable traveling again as restrictions on travel are lifted, which we believe will be impacted by the pace of roll out and continued effectiveness of widespread vaccinations or treatments; short- and long-term changes in travel patterns, including business travel; and the duration, timing and severity of the impact on client spending, including how long it takes to recover from economic recessions and inflationary pressures resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. The COVID-19 pandemic may continue to spread in regions that have not yet been affected or have been minimally affected by the COVID-19 pandemic after conditions begin to recover in currently affected regions, which could continue to affect our business. Also, existing restrictions in affected areas could be extended after COVID-19 has been contained in order to avoid resurgent waves, and regions that recover from the COVID-19 pandemic may suffer from a resurgence and re-imposition of restrictions. There may also be restrictions on certain travel activity related to whether travelers have been vaccinated. Governmental restrictions and societal norms with respect to travel may change permanently in ways that cannot be predicted and that can change the travel industry in a manner adverse to our business. Additionally, the potential failure of travel service providers and travel agencies (or acquisition of troubled travel service providers or travel agencies) may result in further consolidation of the industry, potentially affecting market dynamics for our services.

Our business is dependent on the ability of businesses to travel, particularly by air. The ability of businesses to travel internationally has been significantly impacted by the various travel restrictions between countries. While business performance has improved with the relaxation of some of these restrictions, economic and operating conditions for our business may not fully recover to pre COVID-19 levels unless and until most businesses are once again willing and able to travel, more companies have re-opened and fully staffed their offices and our travel suppliers are once again able to serve those businesses. This may not occur until well after the broader global economy has fully recovered and recent inflationary, labor and supply chain disruption challenges abate. Additionally, our business is also dependent on corporate sentiment and travel and expense spending patterns. Macroeconomic uncertainty in key geographical areas as a consequence of direct or indirect impacts of COVID-19 may negatively impact corporate travel and expense spending. Even though we have seen improvements in the economic and operating conditions for our business since the outset of the COVID-19 pandemic, we cannot predict the long-term effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business or the travel industry as a whole. If the travel industry is fundamentally changed by the COVID-19 pandemic in ways that are detrimental to our operating model, our business may continue to be adversely affected even if the broader global economy recovers.

To the extent that the COVID-19 pandemic continues to adversely affect our business and financial performance, it may also have the effect of heightening many of the other risks identified in this “Risk Factors” section, such as those relating to our substantial amount of outstanding indebtedness.

Our revenue is derived from the global travel industry, and a prolonged or substantial decrease in global travel, particularly air travel, could adversely affect us.

Our revenue is derived from the global travel industry and would be significantly impacted by declines in, or disruptions to, travel activity, particularly air travel. Global factors over which we have no control but which could impact our clients’ willingness to travel and, depending on the scope and duration, cause a significant decline in travel volumes include, among other things:

widespread health concerns, epidemics or pandemics, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, the Zika virus, H1N1 influenza, the Ebola virus, avian flu, SARS or any other serious contagious diseases;
global security concerns caused by terrorist attacks, the threat of terrorist attacks, or the precautions taken in anticipation of such attacks, including elevated threat warnings or selective cancellation or redirection of travel;

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cyber-terrorism, political unrest, the outbreak of hostilities or escalation or worsening of existing hostilities or war, such as Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, resulting sanctions imposed by the U.S. and other countries and retaliatory actions taken by sanctioned countries in response to such sanctions;
natural disasters or severe weather conditions, such as hurricanes, flooding and earthquakes;
climate change-related impact to travel destinations, such as extreme weather, natural disasters and disruptions, and actions taken by governments, businesses and supplier partners to combat climate change;
the occurrence of travel-related accidents or the grounding of aircraft due to safety concerns;
the impact of macroeconomic conditions and labor shortages on the cost and availability of airline travel; and
adverse changes in visa and immigration policies or the imposition of travel restrictions or more restrictive security procedures.

Any decrease in demand for consumer or business travel could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

The widespread adoption of teleconference and virtual meeting technologies could reduce the number of in-person business meetings and demand for travel and our services, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Our business and growth strategies rely in part upon our clients’ continued need for in-person meetings and conferences. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, teleconference and virtual meeting technologies have become significantly more popular and many businesses have substituted these technologies for part or all of their in-person meetings and conferences. Even if and when the spread of COVID-19 is contained and travel and other restrictions are lifted, we cannot predict whether businesses will continue to choose to substitute these technologies for part or all of their in-person meetings and conferences and whether employer and employee attitudes toward business travel will change in a lasting way. Should businesses choose to continue to substitute these technologies for part or all of their in-person meetings and conferences and the preferences of our clients shift away from in-person meetings and conferences, it would adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.

The travel industry is highly competitive.

The travel industry, and the business travel services industry, are highly competitive, and if we cannot compete effectively against the number and type of sellers of travel-related services, we may lose sales to our competitors, which may adversely affect our financial results and performance. We currently compete, and will continue to compete, with a variety of travel and travel-related companies, including other corporate travel management service providers, consumer travel agencies and emerging and established online travel agencies. We also compete with travel suppliers, such as airlines and hotels, where they market their products and services directly to business travelers through platforms used by consumers to book and fulfill travel, including by offering more favorable rates, exclusive products and services and loyalty points to business travelers who purchase directly from such travel suppliers through B2C channels. B2C may include business travelers who purchase travel outside of a company-sponsored and managed channel, or whose companies does not have such a channel. We compete, to a lesser extent, with credit card loyalty programs, online travel search and price comparison services, facilitators of alternative accommodations such as short-term home or condominium rentals and social media and e-commerce websites.

Some of our competitors may have access to more financial resources, greater name recognition and better established client bases in their target client segments, differentiated business models, technology and other capabilities or a differentiated geographic coverage, which may make it difficult for us and our Network Partners to retain or attract new clients.

We cannot assure you that we will be able to compete successfully against any current, emerging and future competitors or provide sufficiently differentiated products and services to our client and traveler base. Increasing competition from current and emerging competitors, consolidation of our competitors, the introduction of new technologies and the continued expansion of existing technologies may force us to make changes to our business models, which could materially and adversely affect our business, prospects, financial condition and results of operations. If we cannot compete effectively against the number and type of sellers of travel-related services, we may lose sales to our competitors, which may adversely affect our financial results and performance.

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Consolidation in the travel industry may result in lost bookings and reduced revenue.

Consolidation among travel providers, including airline mergers and alliances, may increase competition from distribution channels related to those travel providers and place more negotiating leverage in the hands of those travel providers to attempt to lower booking fees further and to lower commissions. Examples include the competing bids to buy Spirit from JetBlue and Frontier, the merger of United and Continental Airlines, the merger of American Airlines and US Airways, the acquisition of AirTran Airways by Southwest Airlines and the merger of British Airways and Iberia and subsequent acquisitions of Aer Lingus and Vueling and the acquisition of Virgin America by Alaska Air Group. In addition, cooperation has increased within the Oneworld, SkyTeam and Star Alliance. Changes in ownership of travel providers may also cause them to direct less business towards us. If we are unable to compete effectively, our suppliers could limit our access to their content, including exclusive content, and favorable fares and rates and other incentives, which could adversely affect our results of operations. Mergers and acquisitions of airlines may also result in a reduction in total flights and overall passenger capacity and higher fares, which may adversely affect the ability of our business to generate revenue.

Consolidation among travel agencies and competition for clients may also adversely affect our results of operations, since we compete to attract and retain clients. In addition, decisions by airlines to surcharge the channel represented by travel management companies and travel agencies, for example, by surcharging fares booked through or passing on charges to travel management companies and travel agencies, or introduction of such surcharges to fares booked through the Global Distribution Systems through which a material share of our content is sourced, could have an adverse impact on our business, particularly in regions in which our GDS is a significant source of bookings for an airline choosing to impose such surcharges. To compete effectively, we may need to increase incentives, pre-pay incentives, discount or waive product or service fees or increase spending on marketing or product development.

Further, as consolidation among travel providers increases, the potential adverse effect of a decision by any particular significant travel provider (such as an airline) to withdraw from or reduce its participation in our services also increases. The COVID-19 pandemic has increased the risk that our Network Partners voluntarily or involuntarily declare bankruptcy or otherwise cease or limit their operations, which could harm our business and results of operations. In particular, the potential harm to our business and results of operations is greater if there are bankruptcies or closures of larger partners such as airlines.

Our business and results of operations may be adversely affected by macroeconomic conditions.

Our business and financial performance is affected by macroeconomic conditions. Travel expenditures are sensitive to personal and business-related discretionary spending levels and tend to decline or grow more slowly during economic downturns, including during periods of slow, slowing or negative economic growth, higher unemployment or inflation rates, weakening currencies and concerns over government responses such as higher taxes or tariffs, increased interest rates and reduced government spending. Concerns over government responses to declining economic conditions such as higher taxes and reduced government spending could impair consumer and business spending and adversely affect travel demand. In addition, our relative exposure to certain sectors compared to the broader economy may mitigate or exacerbate the effect of macroeconomic conditions. The global travel industry, which historically has grown at a rate in excess of global GDP growth during economic expansions, has experienced cyclical downturns in the past in times of economic decline or uncertainty. Future adverse economic developments in areas such as employment levels, business conditions, interest rates, tax rates, environmental impacts, fuel and energy costs and other matters could reduce discretionary spending and cause the travel industry to contract.

Given our presence in the UK, we may also be impacted by the UK’s withdrawal from the EU (“Brexit”), which has created substantial economic and political uncertainty which may not be resolved for several years or more. This uncertainty may impact overall demand, the relative value of foreign currencies and the cost of travel and travel services and may ultimately result in new regulatory and cost challenges to our UK and other international operations. Since some of the details of Brexit continue to unfold, we are unable to predict all of the effects Brexit will have on our business and results of operations.

In addition to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic described above, other macroeconomic uncertainties beyond our control, such as oil prices, geopolitical tensions, consumer confidence, large-scale business failures, tightened credit markets and stock market volatility, terrorist attacks, changing, unusual or extreme weather or natural disasters such as earthquakes, hurricanes, tsunamis, floods, fires, droughts and volcanic eruptions (whether due to climate change or otherwise), travel-related health concerns including pandemics and epidemics such as COVID-19 and any existing or new variants, Ebola and Zika, political instability, changes in economic conditions, wars and regional and international hostilities, such as Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, the imposition of taxes, tariffs or surcharges by regulatory authorities, changes in trade policies or trade disputes, changes in immigration policies or other

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travel restrictions or travel-related accidents have previously and may in the future create volatility in the travel market and negatively impact client travel behavior. In addition, an increased focus on the environmental impact of travel could also affect the travel market and travel behavior. While we strive to promote our and our clients’ mutual commitment to a more sustainable future for business travel, if we are unable to find economically viable and/or publicly acceptable solutions that allow us to maintain our commitment to sustainability and net-zero emissions, we could lose business or experience reputational harm. In addition, we have incurred, and expect to continue to incur, additional expenses as we grow our operations as a newly public company. See "Risks Relating to Ownership of the Class A Common Stock and this Offering-We have incurred significant increased costs as a result of being a newly public company, and our management will be required to devote substantial time to new compliance initiatives."

As an intermediary in the travel industry, a significant portion of our revenue is affected by prices charged by our travel suppliers, including airlines, hotels and car rental companies. Events or weaknesses specific to a supplier industry segment could negatively affect our business. For example, events specific to the airline industry that could impact us include air fare fluctuations, airport, airspace and landing fee increases, increases in fuel prices, environmental impacts, seat capacity constraints, removal of destinations or flight routes, travel-related strikes or labor unrest, political instability and wars. Similarly, travel suppliers often face destination overcapacity issues and imposition of taxes or surcharges by regulatory authorities, which can lower their travel volumes and impact our revenue. During periods of poor economic conditions, airlines and hotels tend to reduce rates or offer discounted sales to stimulate demand, thereby reducing our commission-based income. A slowdown in economic conditions may also result in a decrease in transaction volumes and adversely affect our revenue and profitability.

While decreases in prices for flights and other travel products generally increase demand, such price decreases generally also have a negative effect on the commissions we earn. The overall effect of price increases or decreases in the global travel industry is therefore uncertain.

The uncertainty of macroeconomic factors and their impact on client behavior, which may differ across regions, makes it more difficult to forecast industry and client trends and the timing and degree of their impact on our markets and business, which in turn could adversely affect our ability to effectively manage our business and could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Downturns in domestic or global economic conditions, or other macroeconomic factors more generally, could have adverse effects on our results of operations.

While we make our strategic planning decisions based on the assumption that the markets we are targeting will grow in the long term, our business is dependent, in large part on, and directly affected by, business cycles and other factors affecting the global travel industry and the global economy generally. The global travel industry depends on general economic conditions and other factors, including consumer spending and preferences, changes in inflation rates, as the U.S. and various other major economies are now experiencing, consumer confidence, fuel costs, fuel availability, environmental impact, governmental incentives and regulatory requirements, and political volatility, especially in energy-producing countries and growth markets.

In addition, the outbreak of hostilities between Russia and Ukraine and global reactions thereto have increased U.S. domestic and global energy prices. Oil supply disruptions related to the Russia-Ukraine conflict, and sanctions and other measures taken by the U.S. and its allies, could lead to higher costs for gas, food, and goods in the U.S. and other geographies and exacerbate the inflationary pressures on the worldwide economy, with potentially adverse impacts on our customers and on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

Our international business exposes us to geo-political and economic risks associated with doing business in foreign countries.

We have operations in over 31 countries worldwide, including the U.S., UK, Canada, Germany, Mexico, China and France, and we indirectly provide services to travelers worldwide through our partners and affiliates. Our international operations can pose complex management, compliance, foreign currency, legal, tax, labor, data privacy and economic risks that we may not adequately address, including changes in the priorities and budgets of international travelers and geo-political uncertainties, which may be driven by changes in threat environments and potentially volatile worldwide economic conditions, various regional and local economic and political factors, risks and uncertainties, as well as U.S. foreign policy. We are also subject to a number of other risks with respect to our international operations, including:

the absence in some jurisdictions of effective laws to protect our intellectual property rights;

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multiple and possibly overlapping and conflicting tax laws;
duties, taxes or government royalties, including the imposition or increase of withholding and other taxes on the activities of, and remittances and other payments by, our non-U.S. subsidiaries;
restrictions on movement of cash;
the burden of complying with a variety of national and local laws;
political, economic and social instability, including as a result of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine;
currency fluctuations;
longer payment cycles;
price controls or restrictions on exchange of foreign currencies;
trade barriers; and
potential travel restrictions.

The existence of any one of these risks could harm our international business and, consequently, our operating results. Additionally, operating in international markets requires significant management attention and financial resources and may negatively affect our business and financial results.

Complaints from travelers or negative publicity about our services can diminish client confidence and adversely affect our business.

Client complaints or negative word-of-mouth or publicity about our services or operations could severely diminish client confidence in and use of our services. To maintain good client relations, we must ensure that our travel advisors and partners and affiliates provide prompt, accurate and differentiated client service. Effective client service requires significant personnel expense and investment in developing programs and technology infrastructure to help our travel advisors, partners and affiliates carry out their functions. These expenses, if not managed properly, could significantly impact our profitability. Failure to properly manage our travel advisors, partners and affiliates could compromise our ability to handle client complaints effectively. If we do not handle client complaints effectively, our reputation and brand may suffer, and we may lose our travelers’ confidence, which could reduce revenues and profitability.

Certain results and trends related to our business and the travel industry more generally are based on preliminary data and assumptions, and as a result, are subject to change and may differ materially from what we expect.

We present certain results and trends in this prospectus related to our business and the travel industry more generally, which are based on an analysis of then available or preliminary data, and the results, related findings or conclusions are subject to change. No assurance can be given that these results and trends, or that our expectations surrounding our business or the travel industry, will be accurate. These risks are heightened by the uncertainty of the COVID-19 pandemic, Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, macroeconomic conditions and the impact of these events on the travel industry and our business. Further, unanticipated events and circumstances may occur and change the outlook surrounding our business and the travel industry in material ways. Accordingly, certain of our expectations related to our business and the travel industry more generally may not occur as expected, if at all, and actual results or trends presented may differ materially from what we expect.

Risks Relating to Our Indebtedness

Our indebtedness could adversely affect our business and growth prospects.

We have existing indebtedness, and we may be able to incur additional debt from time to time to finance working capital, capital expenditures, investments or acquisitions, or for other purposes. The credit facilities under the Senior Secured Credit Agreement are

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secured by liens on substantially all of our assets and any indebtedness we incur in the future may also be so secured. Although the agreements governing our existing indebtedness contain restrictions on the incurrence of additional indebtedness and liens, these restrictions are subject to several significant qualifications and exceptions and, under certain circumstances, the amount of indebtedness that could be incurred in compliance with these restrictions could be substantial. If we do so, the risks related to our high level of debt could increase. Specifically, our high level of debt could have important consequences, including the following:

it may be difficult for us to satisfy our obligations, including debt service requirements under our outstanding debt;
our ability to obtain additional financing for working capital, capital expenditures, debt service requirements, acquisitions or other general corporate purposes may be impaired;
a substantial portion of cash flow from operations is required to be dedicated to the payment of principal and interest on our indebtedness, therefore reducing our ability to use our cash flow to fund our operations, capital expenditures, future business opportunities and other purposes;
we could be more vulnerable to economic or business downturns, adverse industry conditions and other factors affecting our operations, and our flexibility to plan for, or react to, changes in our business or industry is more limited;
our ability to capitalize on business opportunities and to react to competitive pressures, as compared to our competitors, may be compromised due to our high level of debt and the restrictive covenants in our existing or future indebtedness;
our ability to receive distributions from our subsidiaries and to pay taxes, expenses and dividends may be adversely affected by the terms of our debt;
increases in interest rates would increase the cost of servicing our debt; and
our ability to borrow additional funds or to refinance debt may be limited.

Moreover, in the event of a default under any of our indebtedness, the holders of our indebtedness could elect to declare such indebtedness be due and payable and/or elect to exercise other rights, such as the lenders under the Senior Secured Credit Agreement terminating their commitments thereunder or instituting foreclosure proceedings against their collateral, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our liquidity and our business, financial conditions and results of operations.

The terms of the Senior Secured Credit Agreement restrict our current and future operations, particularly our ability to respond to changes or to take certain actions.

The Senior Secured Credit Agreement contains a number of restrictive covenants that impose significant operating and financial restrictions on us and may limit our ability to engage in acts that may be in our long-term best interests, including restrictions on our ability to:

incur or guarantee additional indebtedness or issue disqualified stock or preferred stock;
incur liens;
consummate certain fundamental changes (such as acquisitions, mergers or liquidations);
sell, transfer or otherwise dispose of assets, including capital stock of subsidiaries;
pay dividends and make other distributions on, or redeem, repurchase or retire capital stock;
make investments, acquisitions, loans, or advances;
engage in certain transactions with affiliates;

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enter into agreements that restrict the ability of restricted subsidiaries to make dividends or other payments to the borrower or the guarantors of the debt under the Senior Secured Credit Agreement;
change of the nature of our business;
prepay, redeem or repurchase certain indebtedness; and
designate restricted subsidiaries as unrestricted subsidiaries.

Under certain circumstances, the restrictive covenants in the Senior Secured Credit Agreement require us to satisfy certain financial incurrence tests in order to engage in certain transactions, including to incur certain additional indebtedness and to make certain dividends. Our ability to satisfy those tests can be affected by events beyond our control. The Senior Secured Credit Agreement also requires that an aggregate amount of Liquidity, as defined in the Senior Secured Credit Agreement, equal to at least $200 million be maintained as of the end of each calendar month. Liquidity is calculated as the aggregate amount of unrestricted cash and cash equivalents of the borrower and guarantors of the debt under the Senior Secured Credit Agreement and their restricted subsidiaries plus, under certain circumstances, the unused amount available to be drawn under the Senior Secured Revolving Credit Facility.

As a result of the restrictions described above, we are limited as to how we conduct our business and we may be unable to raise additional debt or equity financing to operate during general economic or business downturns, to compete effectively or to take advantage of new business opportunities. Such restrictions may affect our ability to grow in accordance with our growth strategy. The terms of any future indebtedness we may incur could include similar or more restrictive covenants and other restrictions. We cannot assure you that we will be able to maintain compliance with these covenants and other restrictions in the future or that we will be able to obtain waivers from the lenders or amend the covenants. In addition, any such waivers or amendments could cause us to incur significant costs, fees and expenses.

Our failure to comply with those covenants or other restrictions contained in our existing or future debt could result in an event of default. In the event of a default, the holders of our indebtedness could elect to declare such indebtedness be due and payable and/or elect to exercise other rights, such as the lenders under the Senior Secured Credit Agreement terminating their commitments thereunder or instituting foreclosure proceedings against their collateral, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our liquidity and our business, financial conditions and results of operations. If any such acceleration or foreclosure action occurs, we may not have sufficient assets to repay that indebtedness or be able to borrow sufficient funds to refinance it. Even if we are able to obtain new financing, it may not be on commercially reasonable terms or on terms acceptable to us.

Servicing our indebtedness will require a significant amount of cash. Our ability to generate cash depends on many factors, some of which are not within our control.

Our ability to make scheduled payments on, or to refinance our obligations under, our outstanding indebtedness depends on our ability to generate cash in the future. To a certain extent, this is subject to general economic, financial, competitive, legislative, regulatory and other factors that are beyond our control. If we are unable to generate sufficient cash flow to service our debt and meet our other commitments, we may be forced to reduce or delay capital expenditures, sell assets, restructure or refinance all or a portion of our debt or seek additional equity capital. We cannot assure you that any such actions, if necessary, could be effected on a timely basis, on commercially reasonable terms, or at all. In addition, the terms of our existing or future debt arrangements could restrict us from effecting any of these actions. For example, the Senior Secured Credit Agreement contains restrictive covenants that include restrictions on our ability to, among other things, incur additional indebtedness, incur liens, consummate certain fundamental changes (such as acquisitions, mergers or liquidations), dispose of assets, pay dividends or other distributions, make investments and enter into transactions with affiliates. Our failure to comply with those covenants could result in an event of default which, if not cured or waived, could result in the acceleration of all the debt under the Senior Secured Credit Agreement. See “Business — Description of Certain Indebtedness” for more information. Any such event of default or acceleration could have an adverse effect on the trading price of the Class A Common Stock. Furthermore, the terms of any future debt we may incur could have further additional restrictive covenants. We may not be able to maintain compliance with these covenants in the future, and in the event that we are not able to maintain compliance, we cannot assure you that we will be able to obtain waivers from the lenders or amend the covenants.

Our credit ratings are periodically reviewed by rating agencies, including Standard & Poors. These ratings, and any downgrades or any written notice of any intended downgrading or of any possible change, have and may affect our ability to borrow and may

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increase our costs of borrowings. Any failure to raise additional funds on favorable terms could have a material adverse effect on our liquidity and financial condition.

Risks Relating to Our Dependence on Third Parties

If we are unable to maintain existing, and establish new, arrangements with travel suppliers, or if our travel suppliers and partners reduce or eliminate the commission and other compensation they pay us, our business and results of operations would be negatively impacted.

Our business is dependent on our ability to maintain our relationships and arrangements with existing travel suppliers, such as airlines, hotels, car rentals, hotel consolidators, destination services companies and GDSs, as well as our ability to establish and maintain relationships with new travel suppliers. Adverse changes in key arrangements with our travel suppliers, including an inability of any key travel supplier to fulfill its payment obligation to us in a timely manner, increasing industry consolidation, changes in travel suppliers’ booking practices regarding groups, or our inability to enter into or renew arrangements with these parties on favorable terms, if at all, could reduce the amount, quality, pricing and breadth of the travel services and products that we are able to offer, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We generate a significant portion of our revenue from commissions and incentive payments from travel suppliers, especially airline suppliers, and GDSs. If, as a result of a reduction in volumes from airlines shifting volume away from GDSs to the International Air Transport Association’s New Distribution Capacity, or any other reason, travel suppliers or GDSs reduce or eliminate the commissions, incentive payments or other compensation they pay to us, our revenue may decline unless we are able to adequately mitigate such reduction by increasing the service fee we charge to our travelers or increasing our transaction volume in a sustainable manner. However, increase in service fees may also result in a loss of potential travelers.

Although we generally maintain formal contractual relationships with our travel suppliers, we do currently, and may continue to, maintain more informal arrangements with certain travel suppliers which can be terminated with or without notice and which can create uncertainty with respect to the agreed terms including pricing. If these arrangements are terminated unexpectedly, or there is disagreement regarding the terms of the agreement with such travel supplier, our financial results or operations could be negatively impacted.

We cannot assure you that our agreements or arrangements with our travel suppliers or travel-related service providers will continue or that our travel suppliers or travel-related service providers will not reduce commissions, terminate their contracts, make their products or services unavailable to us or default on or dispute their payment or other obligations with us, any of which could reduce our revenue and margins or may require us to initiate legal or arbitral proceedings to enforce contractual payment obligations, which may materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Our business and results of operations could be adversely affected if one or more of our major travel suppliers suffers a deterioration in its financial condition or restructures its operations or, as a result of consolidation in the travel industry, loses bookings and revenue.

A substantial portion of our revenue is affected by the prices charged by our travel suppliers, including airlines, GDS service providers, hotels, destination service providers and car rental suppliers, and the volume of products offered by our travel suppliers. As a result, if one or more of our major suppliers suffers a deterioration in its financial condition or restructures its operations, it could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

In particular, as a substantial portion of our revenue depends on our sale of airline flights, we could be adversely affected by changes in the airline industry, including consolidations or bankruptcies and liquidations, and in many cases, we have no control over such changes. Consolidation among travel suppliers, including airline mergers and alliances, may increase competition from direct distribution channels related to those travel suppliers and place more negotiating leverage in the hands of those travel suppliers to attempt to lower booking fees and to lower commissions. Changes in ownership of travel suppliers may also cause them to direct less business towards us. If we are unable to compete effectively, our suppliers could limit our access to their content, including exclusive content, and favorable fares and rates and other incentives, which could adversely affect our results of operations. Mergers and acquisitions of airlines may also result in adjustments to routes, a reduction in total flights and overall passenger capacity and changes in fares, which may adversely affect the ability of our business to generate revenue.

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Unless we maintain good relationships with our TPN and renew existing, or enter into new, TPN agreements, we may be unable to expand our business, and our financial condition and results of operations may suffer.

Through our Travel Partner Network, we expand our global reach through a set of partners that operate locally (most in non-proprietary regions) under the American Express Global Business Travel and Egencia brands. The partners from the TPN either participate in the network for a fixed fee or use a transaction-based fee structure and deliver service to our global and regional corporate clients as part of an integrated network. In order to generate increased revenue and achieve higher levels of profitability, we must consistently renew, and enter into new, TPN agreements. The benefits we provide our Network Partners are subject to risks common to the overall travel industry, including factors outside of our control. Additionally, a decline in our financial condition or results of operations may hamper our success in identifying, recruiting, and entering into TPN agreements with a sufficient number of new qualified partners. In addition, our ability, and the ability of our partners, to successfully expand into new markets may be adversely affected by a lack of awareness or acceptance of our brand. To the extent that we are unable to retain competitive travel products and services for our Network Partners, implement effective marketing and promotional programs, and foster recognition and affinity for our brands in new markets, our Network Partners may not perform as expected, and our TPN may be less attractive to independent travel agencies than procuring services directly or through different channels, which may significantly delay or impair our growth. Additionally, a disruption to a TPN relationship may impact customer retention and our financial conditions and results of operations may suffer.

We may have disputes with our Network Partners, and they may refuse to implement our strategies or seek to terminate their agreements with us if the brands’ performance is worse than they expected.

Our Network Partners are an integral part of our business, and we may be unable to successfully implement our growth strategy if our Network Partners refuse to participate in such strategies. For example, the refusal by our Network Partners to actively make our travel product and service offerings available to travelers would have a negative impact on our success. In addition, it may be difficult for us to monitor the implementation of our growth strategy by international partners due to our lack of personnel in the markets served by such businesses.

We may have disputes with our Network Partners with respect to our execution of our growth strategy or our performance under their respective agreements. As a result of such disputes, our Network Partners may seek to terminate their agreements with us, we may have to pay losses and damages to them and/or travelers, and our brand image may be adversely impacted. Our business, the results of our operations and our financial conditions may be adversely affected by the premature or unexpected termination of our Network Partner agreements.

We plan to renew our existing Network Partner agreements upon expiration. However, we may be unable to retain our Network Partners by renewing such agreements on satisfactory terms, or at all. If a significant number of our existing Network Partner agreements are not renewed, our revenue and profit may decrease. If we cannot attract and retain new Network Partners to replace expired Network Partner relationships, our results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.

Our TPN could take actions that may harm our business.

Our TPN are independent businesses and are not our employees. As such, we do not exercise control over their day-to-day operations. Our TPN may choose not to operate their travel services businesses in a manner consistent with industry standards, our requirements or standards, or the requirements or standards of applicable laws or governmental authorities. If our TPN were to provide diminished quality of service to clients, engage in fraud, including fraud related to our commission structure, misconduct or negligence or otherwise violate the law, our image and reputation may suffer materially, and we may become subject to liability claims based upon their actions. Any such incidents could adversely affect our results of operations.

Travel suppliers’ use of alternative distribution models, such as direct distribution models, could adversely affect our business.

Some of our travel suppliers, including some of our largest airline clients, have sought to increase usage of direct distribution channels. For example, these travel suppliers are trying to move more client traffic to their proprietary websites. This direct distribution trend enables them to apply pricing pressure on intermediaries and negotiate travel distribution arrangements that are less favorable to intermediaries. With travel suppliers’ adoption of certain technology solutions over the last decade, air travel suppliers have increased the proportion of direct bookings relative to indirect bookings. In the future, airlines may increase their use of direct distribution, which may cause a material decrease in their use of our services. Travel suppliers may also offer travelers advantages

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through their websites such as special fares and bonus miles, which could make their offerings more attractive than those available from us.

In addition, with respect to ancillary products, travel suppliers may choose not to comply with the technical standards that would allow ancillary products to be immediately distributed via intermediaries, thus resulting in a delay before these products become available through us relative to availability through direct distribution. In addition, if enough travel suppliers choose not to develop ancillary products in a standardized way with respect to technical standards our investment in adapting our various systems to enable the sale of ancillary products may not be successful.

Companies with close relationships with end clients, like Facebook, as well as new entrants introducing new paradigms into the travel industry, such as metasearch engines like Google, may promote alternative distribution channels by diverting client traffic away from intermediaries and travel agents, which may adversely affect our business and financial results.

Risks Relating to Employee Matters, Managing Our Growth and Other Risks Relating to Our Business

Our ability to identify, hire and retain senior management and other qualified personnel is critical to our results of operations and future growth.

Much of our future success depends on the continued service, availability and performance of our senior management and other qualified personnel, particularly our professionals with experience in the travel industry. Any of these individuals may choose to terminate their employment with us at any time. The loss of any of these individuals could harm our business and reputation, especially if we have not been successful in developing adequate succession plans. Our business is also dependent on our ability to retain, hire and motivate talented, highly skilled personnel across all levels of our organization. We may be unable to retain personnel or to attract other highly qualified personnel, particularly if we do not offer employment terms that are competitive with the rest of the labor market. As such, we may experience higher compensation costs to retain senior management and qualified personnel that may not be offset by improved productivity or increased sales. If we are unable to continue to successfully attract and retain key personnel, our business may be harmed.

As we continue to grow, including from the integration of employees and businesses acquired in connection with previous or potential future acquisitions, we may find it difficult to hire, integrate, train, retain and motivate personnel who are essential to our future success.

We may not be able to accurately predict our future capital needs, and we may not be able to obtain additional financing to fund our operations.

We may need to raise additional funds in the future. Any required additional financing may not be available on terms acceptable to us, or at all. If we raise additional funds by issuing equity securities or convertible debt, investors may experience significant dilution of their ownership interest, and the newly issued securities may have rights senior to those of the holders of our Common Stock. If we raise additional funds by obtaining loans from third parties, the terms of those financing arrangements may include negative covenants or other restrictions on our business that could impair our operational flexibility and would also require us to incur interest expense. If additional financing is not available when required or is not available on acceptable terms, we may have to scale back our operations, and we may not be able to expand our business, take advantage of business opportunities or respond to competitive pressures, which could negatively impact our revenue and the competitiveness of our services.

We may be unable to identify and consummate new acquisition opportunities, which would significantly impact our growth strategy.

Acquisitions have been and are expected to continue to be a critical part of our growth strategy. The travel service industry is highly competitive, and we face competition for acquisition opportunities from many other entities, including financial investors, some of which are significantly larger, have greater resources and lower costs of capital, are well established and have extensive experience in identifying and completing acquisitions. This competitive market for a small number of business opportunities may make it more challenging to identify and successfully capitalize on acquisition opportunities that meet our objectives. The identification of suitable acquisition candidates can be difficult, time-consuming and costly, and we may not complete acquisitions successfully that we target in the future. Further, the fact that we are subject to supervision, examination and regulation by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (“Federal Reserve”) under the BHC Act could limit our ability to engage in acquisition activity (See “— Risks Relating to Regulatory, Tax and Litigation Matters — Because we are deemed to be “controlled” by American

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Express under the BHC Act, we are and will be subject to supervision, examination and regulation by the Federal Reserve which could adversely affect our future growth and our business, results of operations and financial condition”). In addition, under the Shareholders Agreement, American Express could prevent us from engaging in acquisitions of companies that provide products and services other than certain pre-approved products and services, if, after cooperating with us for a period of time to reach a mutually agreeable solution, American Express reasonably concludes that such acquisitions would have an adverse effect on American Express’s regulatory status under applicable banking laws. If we cannot identify and acquire desirable businesses at favorable prices, or if we are unable to finance acquisition opportunities on commercially favorable terms, our business, financial condition or results of operations could be materially adversely affected. See “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions — GBT Related Party Transactions — Shareholders Agreement.”

Acquisition activity presents certain risks to our business, operations and financial condition, and we may not realize the financial and strategic goals contemplated at the time of a transaction. We have made, and in the future, expect to make, acquisitions to expand into new travel and geographic markets. Our ability to successfully implement our acquisition strategy will depend on our ability to identify, negotiate, complete and integrate acquisitions, including the Egencia Acquisition, and, if necessary, to obtain satisfactory debt or equity financing to fund those acquisitions. Mergers and acquisitions are inherently risky, and any mergers and acquisitions that we complete may not be successful. We regularly consider acquisition opportunities as well as other forms of business combinations. Historically, we have been involved in numerous transactions of various magnitudes, for consideration which included cash, securities or combinations thereof. We intend to continue to evaluate and pursue appropriate acquisition opportunities as they arise in the expansion of our operations. No assurance can be given with respect to the timing, likelihood or financial or business effect of any possible transaction. As part of our regular ongoing evaluation of acquisition opportunities, we are currently engaged in a number of unrelated preliminary discussions concerning possible acquisitions. We are in the early stages of such discussions and have not entered into any agreement in principle with respect to any possible acquisitions not expressly described in this prospectus. The purchase price for possible acquisitions may be paid in cash, through the issuance of equity, the incurrence of additional indebtedness or a combination thereof. Prior to consummating any such possible acquisition, we, among other things, will need to satisfactorily complete our due diligence investigation, negotiate the financial and other terms (including price) and conditions of such acquisitions, obtain necessary consents and approvals, and if necessary, obtain financing. Furthermore, our ability to consummate and finance acquisitions may be limited by the terms of our existing or future debt arrangements. We cannot predict if any such acquisition will be consummated or, if consummated will result in a financial or other benefit to us. The process of integrating an acquired company’s business, including Egencia’s business, into our operations and investing in new technologies is challenging and may result in expected or unexpected operating or compliance challenges, which may require significant expenditures and a significant amount of our management’s attention that would otherwise be focused on the ongoing operation of our business. The potential difficulties or risks of integrating an acquired company’s business include the following, among others, which risks can be magnified when one or more integrations are occurring simultaneously or within a small period of time:

the effect of the acquisition on our financial and strategic positions and our reputation;
risk that we are unable to obtain the anticipated benefits of the acquisition, including synergies, economies of scale, revenues and cash flow;
retention risk with respect to key clients, service providers and travel advisors, and challenges in retaining, assimilating and training new employees;
potential increased expenditure on human resources and related costs;
retention risk with respect to an acquired company’s key executives and personnel;
potential disruption to our ongoing business;
especially high degree of risk for investments in immature businesses with unproven track records and technologies, with the possibility that we may lose the value of our entire investments or incur additional unexpected liabilities;
risk of entering new jurisdictions and becoming subject to foreign laws and regulations not previously applicable to us;
potential diversion of cash for an acquisition, ongoing operations or integration activities that would limit other potential uses for cash including information technology (“IT”) infrastructure, marketing and other investments;

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the assumption of known and unknown debt and other liabilities and obligations of the acquired company;
potential integration risks relating to acquisition targets that do not maintain internal controls and policies and procedures over financial reporting as would be required of a public company, which may amplify our risks and liabilities with respect to our ability to maintain appropriate internal controls and procedures;
inadequacy or ineffectiveness of an acquired company’s disclosure controls and procedures and/or environmental, health and safety, anti-corruption, human resources or other policies and practices;
challenges in reconciling accounting issues, especially if an acquired company utilizes accounting principles different from those that we use; and
challenges in complying with newly applicable laws and regulations, including obtaining or retaining required approvals, licenses and permits.

We anticipate that any future acquisitions we may pursue as part of our business strategy may be partially financed through additional debt or equity. If new debt is added to current debt levels, or if we incur other liabilities, including contingent liabilities, in connection with an acquisition, the debt or liabilities could impose additional constraints and requirements on our business and operations, which could materially adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations. If we are not able to obtain such necessary financing, it could have an impact on our ability to consummate a substantial acquisition and execute our growth strategy. Also, consideration paid for any future acquisitions could include the Class A Common Stock or other equity securities, which could cause dilution to existing stockholders and to earnings per share.

We may not realize the intended benefits of the Egencia Acquisition.

On November 1, 2021, we completed the Egencia Acquisition. However, we may not realize some or all of the expected benefits of the Egencia Acquisition. Integrating Egencia into our business may be disruptive to our business and may adversely affect our existing relationships with employees and business partners. Uncertainties related to the integration of Egencia may also impair our ability to attract, retain and motivate key personnel and could divert the attention of our management and other employees from day-to-day business and operations. If Expedia, Inc. were to fail to fulfill all of its obligations under the Egencia TSA (as defined herein), we might not be able to replace these services in a timely manner, which may prevent us from fully realizing the benefits of the Egencia Acquisition. If we are unable to effectively manage these risks, the business, results of operations, financial condition and prospects of our business may be adversely affected.

Any due diligence conducted by us in connection with potential future acquisitions may not reveal all relevant considerations or liabilities of the target business, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations.

We intend to conduct such due diligence as we deem reasonably practicable and appropriate based on the facts and circumstances applicable to any potential acquisition. The objective of the due diligence process will be to identify material issues which may affect the decision to proceed with any one particular acquisition target or the consideration payable for an acquisition. We also intend to use information revealed during the due diligence process to formulate our business and operational planning for, our valuation of and integration planning for, any target company or business. While conducting due diligence and assessing a potential acquisition, we may rely on publicly available information, if any, information provided by the relevant target company to the extent such company is willing or able to provide such information and, in some circumstances, third party investigations.

We cannot assure you that the due diligence undertaken with respect to a potential acquisition will reveal all relevant facts that may be necessary to evaluate such acquisition or to formulate a business strategy. Furthermore, the information provided during due diligence may be incomplete, inadequate or inaccurate. As part of the due diligence process, we will also make subjective judgments regarding the results of operations, financial condition and prospects of a potential opportunity. If the due diligence investigation fails to correctly identify material issues and liabilities that may be present in a target company or business, or if we consider such material risks to be commercially acceptable relative to the opportunity, and we proceed with an acquisition, we may subsequently incur substantial impairment charges or other losses.

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We face pension and other post-retirement benefit obligations.

We have underfunded pension and other postretirement benefit obligations to certain of our associates and retirees in the UK, in particular through the HRG Pension Scheme, under which we have funding obligations. We also have limited underfunded and/or unfunded pension and other postretirement benefit obligations in Germany, Italy, France, Switzerland, Mexico and Taiwan. Our ability to satisfy the funding requirements associated with our pension and other postretirement benefit obligations to our employees and retirees will depend on our cash flows from operations and our ability to access credit and the capital markets. The funding requirements of these benefit plans and the related expense reflected in our consolidated financial statements are affected by several factors that are subject to an inherent degree of uncertainty and volatility, including government regulation.

Key assumptions used to value our benefit obligations and the cost of providing such benefits under all of our defined benefit plans, funding requirements and expense recognition include the discount rate, the expected long-term rate of return on pension assets, and assumptions underlying actuarial methods. If the actual trends in these factors are less favorable than our assumptions, we may need to contribute cash to fund our obligations under these plans, thereby reducing cash available to fund our operations or service our debt, which could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. As of March 31, 2022, our unfunded/underfunded pension obligations were $316 million. Further declines in the value of the plan investments or unfavorable changes in law or regulations that govern pension plan funding could materially change the timing and amount of required funding.

Under the UK Pensions Act 2004, the Pensions Regulator in the UK may issue a contribution notice or a financial support direction to any employer in the HRG Pension Scheme or any person who is connected with or is an associate of any such employer. The Pensions Regulator must satisfy a number of prescribed statutory tests in order to do so. The terms “associate” and “connected person” are broadly defined in the relevant legislation and could cover our significant shareholders and others deemed to be shadow directors under the legislation.

Liabilities imposed under a contribution notice or financial support direction may be up to the amount of the buy-out deficit in the HRG Pension Scheme.

Under the arrangements with the trustees of the HRG Pension Scheme, an actuarial valuation of the assets and liabilities of the scheme is undertaken every three years in order to determine cash funding rates. When a valuation is calculated, the funding position is affected by the financial market conditions at the valuation date. If the returns on the assets are lower than expected over the period to the next valuation, or a lower future investment return assumption is adopted at the next valuation, the deficit would likely increase, potentially leading to a higher level of future deficit payments.

A decline in the liability discount rate, lower-than-expected investment return on pension assets and other factors could affect our results of operations or amount of pension funding contributions in future periods.

Our results of operations may be negatively affected by the amount of expense we record for our pension and other post-retirement benefit plans, reductions in the fair value of plan assets and other factors. We calculate income or expense for our plans using actuarial valuations in accordance with GAAP.

These valuations reflect assumptions about financial market and other economic conditions, which may change based on changes in key economic indicators. The most significant year-end assumptions used to estimate pension or other post-retirement benefit income or expense for the following year are the discount rate applied to plan liabilities and the expected long-term rate of return on plan assets. In addition, we are required to make an annual measurement of plan assets and liabilities, which may result in a significant charge to shareholders’ equity. For a discussion regarding how our financial statements can be affected by pension and other post-retirement benefits, see note 16 to our consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this prospectus. Although GAAP expense and pension funding contributions are impacted by different regulations and requirements, the key economic factors that affect GAAP expense would also likely affect the amount of cash or securities we would contribute to the pension plans.

Risks Relating to Intellectual Property, Information Technology, Data Security and Privacy

Any termination of the A&R Trademark License Agreement for rights to the American Express trademarks used in our business, including failure to renew the license upon expiration, could adversely affect our business and results of operations.

In connection with the consummation of the Business Combination, we executed the A&R Trademark License Agreement, effective as of the Closing Date, we executed long-term commercial agreements with American Express, including the A&R

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Trademark License Agreement, pursuant to which we continue to license the American Express trademarks used in the American Express Global Business Travel brand, continue to license the American Express trademarks used in American Express Meetings & Events (solely during a 12-month transition period) brand, and license the American Express trademarks used in the American Express GBT Meetings & Events brand. If we fail to comply with certain of our obligations under the A&R Trademark License Agreement or for other specified reasons (including, without limitation, if such trademark license materially and detrimentally impacts the validity, enforceability or value of the American Express trademarks, if certain net promoter scores or corporate customer satisfaction scores decline or other events occur constituting a “Major Brand Event” as such term is used in the A&R Trademark License Agreement, if such trademark license is no longer permitted under, or if we materially violate any, applicable banking laws, including the BHC Act, and if any of certain competitors of American Express become beneficial owners of more than a certain percentage of our equity securities), American Express can terminate the A&R Trademark License Agreement following applicable notice and/or satisfaction by American Express of certain conditions, provided that in certain circumstances we may be able to avoid termination through satisfaction of certain conditions. Following termination of the A&R Trademark License Agreement, including any failure to renew the license upon expiration of the initial term, we may be required to immediately cease using the licensed American Express trademarks used in our brands and, in limited circumstances upon a termination by American Express for cause, pay liquidated damages to American Express, each of which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Any failure to maintain or enhance the reputation of our brands, including the licensed American Express trademarks used in our business, could adversely affect our business and results of operations.

If we are unable to maintain or enhance the reputation of our brands, including the American Express Global Business Travel, American Express Meetings & Events brand (solely during a 12-month transition period) and American Express GBT Meetings & Events brands that are licensed under the A&R Trademark License Agreement with American Express, and generate demand in a cost-effective manner, it could negatively impact our ability to compete in the travel industry and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Brand value can be severely damaged even by isolated incidents, particularly if the incidents receive considerable negative publicity or result in litigation. Some of these incidents may occur in the ordinary course of our business or the business of our partners or affiliates. Other incidents may arise from events that are or may be beyond our control and may damage our brands, such as actions taken (or not taken) by one or more travel suppliers, travel advisors, partners or affiliates relating to information security and data privacy, adverse publicity, litigation and claims, failure to maintain high ethical and moral standards for all of our operations and activities, failure to comply with local laws and regulations, and illegal activity targeted at us or others. If, under the A&R Trademark License Agreement, certain events impacting the licensed American Express trademarks used in our business occur, we may be required to financially contribute to a fund to rehabilitate the licensed American Express trademarks used in our business and/or American Express may be entitled to terminate the A&R Trademark License Agreement. Our brand value could diminish significantly if any such incidents or other matters erode client confidence in us or in American Express with respect to the licensed American Express trademarks used in our business, which may result in a decrease in client activity, our total travel advisor count and, ultimately, lower fees, which in turn could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Our commitments under, and limitations imposed by, the A&R Trademark License Agreement for rights to the American Express trademarks used in our business, could adversely affect our business and result of operations.

As a condition of our license for the American Express trademarks used in our business, we are required to (i) offer, promote and market only American Express payment products to any of our current or potential clients, (ii) make American Express products and services the default and/or first payment option when our clients and their personnel use or otherwise select a payment method, and (iii) exclusively use American Express payment products including the American Express corporate card for our business, each subject to certain exceptions. We are also limited in our ability to offer, promote, market or provide any scorecard or travel-related benefit to or through any American Express competitor, third party travel agency or any other third party, in each case as a card member benefit. These restrictions may prohibit us from entering into advantageous business opportunities with unrelated parties, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

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Any termination of, or failure to renew, the agreement with American Express related to joint negotiations with travel suppliers for travel supplier content for both us and American Express’ Travel and Lifestyle Services division, could adversely affect our business and results of operations.

Under the Travel and Lifestyle Services Operating Agreement with American Express, we negotiate with certain travel suppliers on our behalf and on behalf of American Express’ Travel and Lifestyle Services division for travel content to be provided to our respective clients and for various supplier incentives.

Under certain of our travel supplier agreements, our compensation is based on the total amount of travel volume sold by both us and certain third parties, including American Express’ Travel and Lifestyle Services division (“TLS”). If we are unable to include the TLS travel volume in the total amount of travel volume attributed to us under these travel supplier agreements, whether as a result of a termination of the Travel and Lifestyle Services Operating Agreement with American Express (“TLSOA”), any failure of the parties to renew the TLSOA upon expiration, or otherwise, our performance under these travel supplier agreements could be impacted, and our associated compensation reduced, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

If we fail to develop new and innovative technologies or enhance our existing technologies and grow our systems and infrastructure in response to changing client demands and rapid technological change, our business may suffer.

The travel industry is subject to changing client preferences and demands relating to travel and travel-related services, including in response to constant and rapid technological change. These characteristics are changing at an even greater pace as travel providers seek to address client needs and preferences resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. If we are unable to develop or enhance technology in response to such changes, products or technologies offered or developed by our competitors may render our services less attractive to travelers.

Our ability to provide best-in-class service to our travelers depends upon the use of sophisticated information technologies and systems, including technologies and systems used for reservation systems, communications, procurement and administrative systems. As our operations grow in both size and scope, we continuously need to improve and upgrade our systems and infrastructure to offer and provide support for an increasing number of travelers and travel providers enhanced products, services, features and functionality, while maintaining the reliability and integrity of our systems and infrastructure. We may fail to effectively scale and grow our systems and infrastructure to accommodate these increased demands. Further, our systems and infrastructure may not be adequately designed with the necessary reliability and redundancy to avoid performance delays or outages that could be harmful to our business, or could contain errors, bugs or vulnerabilities.

Our future success also depends on our ability to understand, adapt and respond to rapidly changing technologies in the travel industry that will allow us to address evolving industry standards and to improve the breadth, diversity and reliability of our services. For example, technological platforms that include the use of artificial intelligence (“AI”) to analyze known traveler data and preferences to develop a tailored travel plan are being developed. As they are in the early stages, we must understand and respond to the potential impacts of such technology.

We may not be successful, or may be less successful than our current or new competitors, in developing such technology, which would negatively impact our business and financial performance.

If we are not able to maintain existing systems, obtain new technologies and systems, or replace or introduce new technologies and systems as quickly as our competitors or in a cost-effective manner, our business and operations could be materially adversely affected. Also, we may not achieve the benefits anticipated or required from any new technology or system or be able to devote financial resources to new technologies and systems in the future.

We rely on information technology to operate our business. System interruptions, defects and slowdowns, including with respect to information technology provided by third parties, may cause us to lose travelers or business opportunities or to incur liabilities.

We rely on IT systems to service our clients and enable transactions to be processed on our platforms. If we are unable to maintain and improve our IT systems and infrastructure, this may result in system interruptions, defects and slowdowns. In the event of system interruptions and/or slow delivery times, prolonged or frequent service outages or insufficient capacity that impedes us from efficiently providing services to travelers, we may lose travelers and revenue or incur liabilities. Further, errors, bugs, vulnerabilities, design defects, or technical limitations within our IT Systems may lead to negative experiences for our clients, compromised ability to perform services in a manner consistent with our terms, contracts, or policies, delayed product introductions or enhancements,

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compromised ability to protect the data of our users, other clients, employees and business partners and/or our intellectual property or other data, or reductions in our ability to provide some or all of our services.

Our IT systems are vulnerable to damage, interruption or fraudulent activity from various causes, any of which could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition or results from operations including:

power losses, computer systems defects or failure, errors, bugs or vulnerabilities, computer viruses and other contaminants, internet and telecommunications or data network failures, losses and corruption of data and similar events;
operator error, penetration by individuals seeking to disrupt operations, misappropriate information or perpetrate fraudulent activity and other physical or electronic breaches of security;
the failure of third party software, systems or services that we rely upon to maintain our own operations;
lack of cloud computing capabilities and other technical limitations; and
natural disasters, fires, pandemics, wars and acts of terrorism.

In addition, we are dependent upon software, equipment and services provided and/or managed by third parties in the operation of our business. We currently rely on a variety of third party systems, service providers and software companies, including GDSs and other electronic central reservation systems used by airlines, various channel managing systems and reservation systems used by other travel suppliers, as well as other technologies used by payment gateway providers. In particular, we rely on third parties for:

the hosting of our websites;
the hosting of websites of our travel suppliers, which we may rely on;
certain software underlying our technology platform;
transportation ticketing agencies to issue transportation tickets and travel assistance products, confirmations and deliveries;
assistance in conducting searches for airfares and to process air ticket bookings;
processing hotel reservations for hotels not connected to our management systems;
processing credit card, debit card and net banking payments;
providing computer infrastructure critical to our business;
providing after hours travel management services; and
providing client relationship management services.

Any disruption or failure in the software, equipment and services provided and/or managed by these third parties, or errors, bugs or vulnerabilities, could result in performance delays, outages or security breaches that could be harmful to our business. Generally, our third party IT service providers have disaster recovery and business continuity plans relating to the services provided to us. However, if certain system failures occur, we may not be able to switch to back-up systems immediately, and the time to fully recover could be prolonged.

In the event that the performance of such software, equipment or services provided and/or managed by third parties deteriorates or our arrangements with any of these third parties related to the provision and/or management of software, equipment or services are terminated, we may not be able to find alternative services, equipment or software on a timely basis, on commercially reasonable terms, or at all. Even if we are able to find alternative services, equipment or software, we may not be able to do so without significant cost or disruptions to our business, and our relationships with our travelers may be adversely impacted. Our failure to secure

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agreements with such third parties, or the failure of such third parties to perform under such agreements, may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

We may have inadequate insurance coverage or insurance limits to compensate for losses from a major interruption, and remediation may be costly and have a material adverse effect on our operating results and financial condition. Any extended interruption or degradation in our technologies or systems could significantly curtail our ability to conduct our business and generate revenue.

Our use of “open source” software could adversely affect our ability to protect our proprietary software and subject us to possible litigation.

We use open source software in connection with our software development. From time to time, companies that use open source software have faced claims challenging the use of open source software and/or demanding compliance with open source license terms. We could be subject to suits by parties claiming ownership of what we believe to be open source software, or claiming non-compliance with open source licensing terms. Some open source licenses require licensees who distribute software containing, linking to or derived from open source software to make publicly available the source code of such distributed software, which in some circumstances could be valuable proprietary code, license our software for free or permit others to make derivative works based on such software. While we have implemented policies to ensure that no open source software is used in a manner that would require us to disclose our proprietary source code, license our software for free or permit others to make derivative works based on it, there can be no guarantee that such use could not inadvertently occur. Any requirement to disclose our proprietary source code, license it for free or license it for purposes of making derivative works, and any requirement to pay damages for breach of contract and/or intellectual property infringement may have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations or financial condition, and could help our competitors develop services that are similar to or better than ours.

Our processing, storage, use and disclosure of personal data, including of travelers and our employees, exposes us to risks stemming from possible failure to comply with governmental law and regulation and other legal obligations.

In our processing of travel transactions, we or our travel suppliers and third party service providers collect, use, analyze and transmit a large volume of personal information. There are numerous laws with a significant impact on our operations regarding privacy, cyber security and the storage, sharing, use, analysis, processing, transfer, disclosure and protection of personal information and consumer data, the scope of which are changing, subject to differing interpretations, and may be inconsistent between states within a country or between countries. For example, the European General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”), became effective on May 25, 2018, and has resulted and will continue to result in significantly greater compliance burdens and costs for companies with users and operations in the EU. The GDPR imposes numerous technical and operational obligations on processors and controllers of personal data and provides numerous protections for individuals in the EU, including, but not limited to, notification requirements for data breaches, the right to access personal information and the right to delete personal information. The GDPR provides data protection authorities with enforcement powers which include the ability to restrict processing activities and impose fines of up to 20 million Euros or up to 4% of the annual global revenues of the infringer, whichever is greater. In addition, the GDPR imposes strict rules on the transfer of personal data out of the EU to a “third country,” including the U.S. (and, pending a potential adequacy decision by the European Data Protection Board, the UK, as further discussed below). These obligations may be interpreted and applied in a manner that is inconsistent from one jurisdiction to another and may conflict with other requirements or our practices. As a result of our relationship with American Express, we currently have the benefit of the Binding Corporate Rules which govern inter-company international data transfers that are intended to achieve compliance with such data transfer rules. However, there is no guarantee that the Binding Corporate Rules will be deemed sufficient to achieve compliance with data protection legislation in each jurisdiction or that our relationship with American Express and the use of the Binding Corporate Rules will continue. In addition, we are currently in the process of transitioning to the use of our own Binding Corporate Rules and there is no guarantee that such transition will be successfully completed or be sufficient to achieve compliance with applicable data protection legislation.

Additionally, the UK’s exit from the EU has created uncertainty with regard to the regulation of data protection in the UK. The UK Data Protection Act contains provisions, including its own derogations, for how the GDPR is applied in the UK. The UK Data Protection Act has been enacted alongside the UK GDPR.

From the beginning of 2021 (when the transitional period following Brexit expired), we have been required to continue to comply with GDPR and also the UK Data Protection Act and the UK GDPR, under which the applicable entities may be subject to fines for non-compliance that are of the same amount as provided for in the GDPR. The relationship between the UK and the EU remains uncertain, including, for example, the role of the UK’s supervisory authority and how data transfers between the UK and the EU and

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other jurisdictions will be treated. In February 2021, the European Commission proposed to issue the UK with an “adequacy” decision to facilitate the continued free flow of personal data from the EU member states to the UK. This decision is subject to the review and/or approval of the European Data Protection Board and a committee composed of EU member state representatives. More recently, in May 2021, the European Parliament issued a resolution asking the Commission to modify its draft decisions on whether or not the UK data protection is adequate and personal data can safely be transferred there. Accordingly, the UK currently remains a “third country” for the purposes of data transfers from the EU to the UK following the expiration of the personal data transfer grace period (from January 1, 2021) set out in the EU and UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement, unless the adequacy decision is adopted in favor of the UK. If an adequacy decision is not adopted in respect of the personal data transfers between the EU and the UK, then alternative contractual measures to transfer data to the UK from the EU will need to be implemented. These changes will increase our overall risk exposure, and we may also incur costs to comply with any new requirements and restrictions for data transfers.

Further, we are subject to evolving laws and regulations that dictate whether, how, and under what circumstances we can transfer, process and/or receive personal data. For example, in July 2020, the Court of Justice of the European Union invalidated the “EU-US Privacy Shield,” a framework for transfers of personal data from the European Economic Area to the United States. While the same Court of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU”) decision considered and left intact the Standard Contractual Clauses, another mechanism to safeguard data transfers from the EU to third countries, including the U.S., reliance on SCCs is subject to enhanced due diligence on the data importer’s national laws, according to the CJEU. Additional measures may have to accompany the SCCs for a transfer to be compliant. If a new transatlantic data transfer framework is not adopted and we are unable to continue to rely on SCCs or validly rely upon other alternative means of data transfers from the European Economic Area or the United Kingdom to the U.S. and other countries where safeguards for transfers of personal data are required under the GDPR (and UK GDPR), we may be unable to operate material portions of our business in the European Economic Area or the United Kingdom as a result of the CJEU’s ruling and related guidance of competent European and national agencies, which would materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations. Additionally, if we are restricted from sharing data among our products and services, or if we are restricted from sharing data with our travel suppliers and third party service providers, it could affect our ability to provide our services or the manner in which we provide our services. Our current data transfer practices may also be more closely reviewed by supervisory authorities and could become subject to private actions.

In the U.S., the California Consumer Privacy Act (“CCPA”) became effective on January 1, 2020, and limits how we may collect and use personal information, including by requiring companies that process information relating to California residents to make disclosures to consumers about their data collection, use and sharing practices, provide consumers with rights to know and delete personal information and allow consumers to opt out of certain data sharing with third parties. The CCPA also creates an expanded definition of personal information, imposes special rules on the collection of consumer data from minors, and provides for civil penalties for violations, as well as a private right of action for data breaches that is expected to increase the likelihood and cost of data breach litigation. The potential effects of this legislation are far-reaching and may require us to modify our data processing practices and policies and incur substantial costs and expenses in compliance and potential ligation efforts. Further, the California Privacy Rights Act (“CPRA”), which will go into effect in 2023, creates certain additional rights for California residents. For example, the CPRA creates the new category of “sensitive personal information,” which covers data types such as precise geolocation information, biometric information, race and ethnicity, and information regarding sex life or sexual orientation. The CPRA also creates new rights for California residents to direct a business to limit the use and disclosure of such information to that which is necessary to perform the services reasonably expected by the consumer and to request that a company correct inaccurate personal information that is retained by the company. The Virginia Consumer Data Protection Act, which will go into effect in 2023, gives new data protection rights to Virginia residents and imposes additional obligations on controllers and processors of consumer data similar to the CCPA and CPRA. Other states have signed into law or are considering legislation governing the handling of personal data, indicating a trend toward more stringent privacy legislation in the U.S. In addition to the existing framework of data privacy laws and regulations, the U.S. Congress, U.S. state legislatures and many states and countries outside the U.S. are considering new privacy and security requirements that would apply to our business. Compliance with current or future privacy, cyber security, data protection, data governance, account access and information and cyber security laws requires ongoing investment in systems, policies and personnel and will continue to impact our business in the future by increasing our legal, operational and compliance costs and could significantly curtail our collection, use, analysis, sharing, retention and safeguarding of personal information and restrict our ability to fully maximize our closed-loop capability, deploy data analytics or AI technology or provide certain products and services, which could materially and adversely affect our profitability. We or our third party service providers could be adversely affected if legislation or regulations are expanded to require changes in our or our third party service providers’ business practices or if governing jurisdictions interpret or implement their legislation or regulations in ways that negatively affect our or our third party service providers’ business, results of operations or financial condition.

As a merchant that processes and accepts cards for payment, we have adopted and implemented internal controls over the use, storage and security of card data pursuant to the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standards. We assess our compliance with the

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Payment Card Industry Data Security Standards rules on a periodic basis and make necessary improvements to our internal controls. If we fail to comply with these rules or requirements, we may be liable for card issuing banks’ costs, subject to fines and higher transaction fees, and lose our ability to accept credit and debit card payments from our clients, or facilitate other types of online payments, and our business and operating results could be adversely affected. For existing and future payment options we offer to both our corporate clients and travel suppliers, we may become subject to additional regulations and compliance requirements, including obligations to implement enhanced authentication processes, which could result in significant costs to us and our travel suppliers and reduce the ease of use of our payments options.

While we have taken steps to comply with privacy, cyber security, data protection, data governance, account access and information and cyber security laws and PCI-DSS, any failure or perceived failure by us, our third party service providers, our independent travel advisors or our partners or affiliates to comply with the privacy policies, privacy- or cyber security-related obligations to travelers or other third parties, or privacy- or cybersecurity-related legal obligations could result in potentially significant regulatory and/or governmental investigations and/or actions, litigation, fines, sanctions, monetary penalties and damages, ongoing regulatory monitoring and increased regulatory scrutiny, client attrition, diversion of management’s time and attention, decreases in the use or acceptance of our cards and damage to our reputation and our brand, all of which could have a material adverse effect on our business and financial performance. In recent years, there has been increasing regulatory enforcement and litigation activity in the areas of privacy, data protection and information and cyber security in the U.S., the EU and various other countries in which we operate.

Cybersecurity attacks or security breaches could adversely affect our ability to operate, could result in personal information and our proprietary information being lost, stolen, made inaccessible, improperly disclosed or misappropriated and may cause us to be held liable or subject to regulatory penalties and sanctions and to litigation (including class action litigation), which could have a material adverse effect on our reputation and business.

We, and our travel suppliers and third party service providers on our behalf, collect, use and transmit a large volume of personal information, which pose a tempting target for malicious actors who may seek to carry out cyber-attacks against us or our suppliers or service providers. The secure transmission of client information over the internet is essential in maintaining the confidence of travel suppliers and travelers. Substantial or ongoing data security breaches or cyber-attacks, whether instigated internally or externally on our system or other internet-based systems, expose us to a significant risk of loss, theft, the rendering inaccessible, improper disclosure or misappropriation of this information, and resulting regulatory actions, litigation (including class action litigation) and potential liability, damages and regulatory fines and penalties, and other related costs (including in connection with our investigation and remediation efforts), which could significantly affect our reputation and harm our business. Further, some of our third party service providers, travel suppliers and other third parties may receive or store information, including client information provided by us. Our travel suppliers currently require most travelers to pay for their transactions with their credit card, especially in the U.S. Increasingly sophisticated technological capabilities pose greater cybersecurity threats and could result in a cyber-attack or a compromise or breach of the technology that we use to protect client transaction data. In addition, the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency, has warned all organizations in the U.S. to be on guard against possible cyber-attacks coming from Russia which have the potential to disrupt business operations, limit access to essential services, and threaten public safety. Any significant adverse change in any of these factors could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

We incur material expense to protect against cyber-attacks and security breaches and their consequences, and we may need to increase our security-related expenditures to maintain or increase our systems’ security in the future. However, despite these efforts, our security measures may not prevent cyber-attacks or data security breaches from occurring, and we may ultimately fail to detect, or accurately assess the severity of, a cyber-attack or security breach or not respond quickly enough. In addition, to the extent we experience a cyber-attack or security breach, we may be unsuccessful in implementing remediation plans to address exposure and future harms. It is possible that computer circumvention capabilities, new discoveries or advances or other developments, which change frequently and often are not recognized until launched against a target, could result in a compromise or breach of client data, even if we take all reasonable precautions, including to the extent required by law. These risks are likely to increase as we expand our offerings, expand internationally, integrate our products and services, and store and process more data, including personal information and other sensitive data. Further, if any of our third party service providers, travel suppliers or other third parties with whom we share client data fail to implement adequate data-security practices or fail to comply with our terms and policies or otherwise suffer a network or other security breach, our clients’ information may be improperly accessed, used or disclosed. We maintain a comprehensive portfolio of insurance policies to meet both our legal obligations and to cover perceived risks within our business, including those related to cybersecurity. We believe that our coverage and the deductibles under these policies are adequate for the risks that we face.

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If a party (whether internal, external, an affiliate or unrelated third party) is able to circumvent our data security systems or those of the third parties with whom we share client information or engage in cyber-attacks, such cyber-attacks or data breaches could result in such party obtaining our proprietary information, the loss, theft or inaccessibility of, unauthorized access to, or improper use or disclosure of, our clients’ data and/or significant interruptions in our operations. Cyber-attacks and security breaches could also result in severe damage to our IT infrastructure, including damage that could impair our ability to offer our services. In addition, cyber-attacks or security breaches could result in negative publicity, damage our reputation, divert management’s time and attention, increase our expenditure on cybersecurity measures, expose us to risk of loss or litigation and possible liability, subject us to regulatory penalties and sanctions (and lead to further enhanced regulatory oversight), or cause travelers and potential travel suppliers to lose confidence in our security and choose to use the services of our competitors, any of which would have a material adverse effect on our brands, market share, results of operations and financial condition.

Third parties may claim that the operation of our business infringes on their intellectual proprietary rights. These claims could be costly to defend, result in injunctions and significant damage awards and limit our ability to use key technologies in the future (or require us to implement workarounds), which may cause us to incur significant costs, prevent us from commercializing our products and services or otherwise have a material adverse effect on our business.

In recent years, in the markets in which we operate, there has been considerable patent, copyright, trademark, domain name, trade secret and other intellectual property development activity, as well as litigation, based on allegations of infringement, misappropriation or other violations of intellectual property. Furthermore, individuals and groups can purchase patents and other intellectual property assets for the purpose of making claims of infringement to extract settlements from companies like ours. We may be subject to claims of alleged infringement, misappropriation or other violation of the intellectual property rights of our competitors or other third parties in the operation of our businesses, including for our use of third party intellectual property rights or our internally developed or acquired intellectual property, technologies and content. We cannot guarantee we have not, do not or will not infringe, misappropriate or otherwise violate the intellectual property rights of others. If we were to discover that our products or services infringe, misappropriate or otherwise violate the intellectual property rights of others, we may need to obtain licenses or implement workarounds that could be costly. We may not be able to obtain the necessary licenses on acceptable terms, or at all, or be able to implement workarounds successfully. Moreover, if we are sued for infringement, misappropriation or other violation of a third party’s intellectual property rights and such claims are successfully asserted against us, we could be required to pay substantial damages or ongoing royalty payments or to indemnify our licensees, or could be enjoined from offering our products or services or using certain technologies or otherwise be subject to other unfavorable circumstances. Accordingly, our exposure to damages resulting from such claims could increase and this could further exhaust our financial and management resources. Further, during the course of any litigation, we may make announcements regarding the results of hearings and motions, and other interim developments. If securities analysts and investors regard these announcements as negative, the market price of the Class A Common Stock may decline. Even if intellectual property claims do not result in litigation or are resolved in our favor, these claims (regardless of their merit) and the time and resources necessary to resolve them, could divert the resources of our management and require significant expenditures. Any of the foregoing could prevent us from competing effectively and could have an adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition.

Our failure to adequately protect our intellectual property may negatively impact our ability to compete effectively against competitors in our industry.

Our success and ability to compete depend, in part, upon our intellectual property, including our brands, technology and database. In the U.S. and other jurisdictions, we rely on a combination of copyright, trademark, patent, and trade secret laws, as well as license and confidentiality agreements and internal policies and procedures to protect our intellectual property. Even with these precautions, however, it may be possible for another party to infringe, copy or otherwise obtain and use our owned or licensed intellectual property without our authorization or to develop similar intellectual property independently, particularly in those countries where effective trademark, domain name, copyright, patent and trade secret protection may not be available. Even where effective protection is available, policing unauthorized use of our intellectual property is difficult and expensive. If it becomes necessary for us to litigate to protect these rights, any proceedings could be burdensome and costly, could result in counterclaims challenging our ownership of intellectual property or its validity or enforceability or accusing us of infringement, and we may not prevail. We cannot be certain that the steps that we have taken or will take in the future will prevent misappropriation or infringement of intellectual property used in our business. Unauthorized use and misuse of our intellectual property or intellectual property we otherwise have the rights to use could reduce or eliminate any competitive advantage we have developed, potentially causing us to lose sales or actual or potential clients, or otherwise harm our business, resulting in a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations, and we cannot assure you that legal remedies would adequately compensate us for the damage caused by unauthorized use.

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Risks Relating to Regulatory, Tax and Litigation Matters

We are subject to taxes in many jurisdictions globally.

We are subject to a variety of taxes in many jurisdictions globally, including income taxes in the U.S. at the federal, state and local levels, and in many other countries. Significant judgment is required in determining our worldwide provision for income taxes. In the ordinary course of our business, there are many transactions and calculations where the ultimate tax determination is uncertain. We operate in numerous countries where our income tax returns are subject to audit and adjustment by local tax authorities. Because we operate globally, the nature of the uncertain tax positions is often very complex and subject to change, and the amounts at issue can be substantial. It is inherently difficult and subjective to estimate such amounts, as we have to determine the probability of various possible outcomes. We re-evaluate uncertain tax positions on a quarterly basis. This evaluation is based on factors including, but not limited to, changes in facts or circumstances, changes in tax law, effectively settled issues under audit and new audit activity. Although we believe our tax estimates are reasonable, the final determination of tax audits could be materially different from our historical income tax provisions and accruals. Our effective tax rate may change from year to year based on changes in the mix of activities and income allocated or earned among various jurisdictions, tax laws in these jurisdictions, tax treaties between countries, our eligibility for benefits under those tax treaties, and the estimated values of deferred tax assets and liabilities. Such changes could result in an increase in the effective tax rate applicable to all or a portion of our income which would reduce our profitability.

We establish reserves for our potential liability for U.S. and non-U.S. taxes, including sales, occupancy and value-added taxes, consistent with applicable accounting principles and in light of all current facts and circumstances. These reserves represent our best estimate of our contingent liability for taxes. The interpretation of tax laws and the determination of any potential liability under those laws are complex, and the amount of our liability may exceed our established reserves.

New tax laws, statutes, rules, regulations or ordinances could be enacted at any time and existing tax laws, statutes, rules, regulations and ordinances could be interpreted, changed, modified or applied adversely to us. These events could require us to pay additional tax amounts on a prospective or retroactive basis, as well as require us to pay fees, penalties or interest for past amounts deemed to be due. New, changed, modified or newly interpreted or applied laws could also increase our compliance, operating and other costs, as well as the costs of our products and services. For example, on December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act ("TCJA"), was signed into law. The TCJA contains significant changes to the U.S. corporate income tax system, including a reduction of the federal corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21%, a limitation of the tax deduction for interest expense to 30% of adjusted taxable income (as defined in the TCJA), base erosion provisions related to intercompany foreign payments and global low-taxed income, a one-time taxation of offshore earnings at reduced rates in connection with the transition of U.S. international taxation from a worldwide tax system to a partially territorial tax system, the elimination of U.S. tax on foreign earnings (subject to certain important exceptions), and the modification or repeal of many business deductions and credits. It is possible that U.S. tax law will be further modified by the Biden administration by increasing corporate tax rates, eliminating or modifying some of the provisions enacted in the TCJA or other changes that could have an adverse effect on our operations, cash flows and results of operations and contribute to overall market volatility.

We may be subject to foreign investment and exchange risks.

Our functional and presentational currency is U.S. dollars and as a result, our consolidated financial statements are reported in U.S. dollars. We have acquired, and may in the future acquire, businesses that denominate their financial information in a currency other than the U.S. dollar and/or conduct operations or make sales in currencies other than U.S. dollars. When consolidating a business that has functional currency other than U.S. dollars, we will be required to translate the balance sheet and operational results of such business into U.S. dollars. Due to the foregoing, changes in exchange rates between U.S. dollars and other currencies could lead to significant changes in our reported financial results from period to period. Among the factors that may affect currency values are trade balances, levels of short-term interest rates, differences in relative values of similar assets in different currencies, long-term opportunities for investment and capital appreciation and political or regulatory developments. We currently do not engage in foreign currency hedging activities and although we may seek to manage our foreign exchange exposure, including by active use of hedging and derivative instruments, we cannot assure you that such arrangements will be entered into or available at all times when we wish to use them or that they will be sufficient to cover the risk.

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Increases in interest rates would increase the cost of servicing our debt and could reduce our profitability and limit our cash available to fund our growth strategy.

Our current financing arrangements (including the debt outstanding under the Senior Secured Credit Agreement) have, and any additional debt we subsequently incur may have, a variable rate of interest. Higher interest rates could increase debt service requirements on our current variable rate indebtedness even though the amount borrowed remains the same, and on any debt we subsequently incur, and could reduce funds available for operations, future business opportunities or other purposes. If we need to repay debt during periods of rising interest rates, we could be required to refinance our then-existing debt on unfavorable terms or liquidate one or more of our assets to repay such debt at times which may not permit realization of the maximum return on such assets and could result in a loss. The occurrence of either or both of such events could materially and adversely affect our profitability, cash flows and results of operations.

In addition, a transition away from London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) as a benchmark for establishing the applicable interest rate may affect the cost of servicing our debt under the Senior Secured Credit Agreement. The Financial Conduct Authority of the UK (the “FCA”) (the authority that regulates LIBOR) has announced that it plans to phase out LIBOR by June 30, 2023. The United States Federal Reserve has also advised banks to cease entering into new contracts that use USD LIBOR as a reference rate. The Alternative Reference Rate Committee, a committee convened by the Federal Reserve that includes major market participants, has identified the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”), a new index calculated by short-term repurchase agreements, backed by Treasury securities, as its preferred alternative rate for LIBOR. With respect to the loans under the Senior Secured New Tranche B-3 Term Loan Facilities, the Senior Secured Credit Agreement also provides a mechanic for LIBOR to be replaced by a SOFR-based rate upon (i) the FCA ceasing to provide LIBOR for U.S. Dollars or announcing that LIBOR is no longer representative or (ii) an early election by the borrower and the administrative agent under the Senior Secured Credit Agreement to transition from LIBOR. However, the implementation of such a replacement rate for the other credit facilities under the Senior Secured Credit Agreement may require further negotiation with the requisite lenders under such facilities. Although the Senior Secured Credit Agreement provides for alternative base rates, such alternative base rates may or may not be related to LIBOR and could be higher than LIBOR. At this time, it is not possible to predict how markets will respond to SOFR or other alternative reference rates as the transition away from the LIBOR benchmarks is anticipated in coming years. Accordingly, the outcome of these reforms is uncertain and any changes in the methods by which LIBOR is determined or regulatory activity related to the phase-out of LIBOR could cause LIBOR to perform differently than in the past or cease to exist. The consequences of these developments and the phase-out of LIBOR cannot be entirely predicted but could include an increase in the cost of borrowings under the Senior Secured Credit Agreement.

We may hedge against certain interest rate risks by using hedging instruments such as swaps, caps, options, forwards, futures or other similar products. During the year ended December 31, 2021, we did not engage in interest rate hedging activities. In February 2022, we entered into an interest rate swap for a notional amount of $600 million of debt for a period covering from March 2022 to March 2025 to hedge against any future increases in the benchmark rate for the Senior Secured New Tranche B-3 Term Loan Facilities. The terms of such swap are initially linked to LIBOR as the benchmark rate, with an adjusted SOFR-based rate replacing LIBOR as the benchmark rate for such swap commencing in June 2023. Although hedging instruments may be used to selectively manage risks, such instruments may not fully mitigate our interest rate risk, may prove disadvantageous or may create additional risks, including in connection with the phase-out of LIBOR. In addition, we do not currently maintain interest rate swaps with respect to all of our variable-rate indebtedness.

Our business is subject to regulation in the U.S. and the other jurisdictions in which we operate, and any failure to comply with such regulations or any changes in such regulations could adversely affect us.

We are subject to various regulations in the U.S. and the international jurisdictions in which we operate. In addition, we maintain travel licenses and/or registrations in the jurisdictions that require them. We are required to renew our licenses, typically on an annual basis, and to do so, we must satisfy the licensee renewal requirements of each jurisdiction. Failure to satisfy any of the requirements to which our licensed entities are subject could result in a variety of regulatory actions ranging from a fine, a directive requiring remedial action, suspension of a license or, ultimately, revocation of a license. For a specific discussion of risks related to American Express’s deemed “control” of us under the BHC Act, see “—Because we are deemed to be “controlled” by American Express under the BHC Act, we are and will be subject to supervision, examination and regulation by the Federal Reserve which could adversely affect our future growth and our business, results of operations and financial condition.”

We are subject to other laws and regulations on matters as diverse as anti-bribery and anti-corruption laws, internal controls over financial reporting, regulation by the U.S. Department of Transportation (“DOT”) regarding the provision of air transportation, data privacy and protection, taxation, environmental protection, antitrust, wage-and-hour standards, headcount reductions and employment

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and labor relations. In addition, certain of our clients have government contracts that subject them and us to governmental reporting requirements.

Supervision efforts and the enforcement of existing laws and regulations impact the scope and profitability of our existing business activities, limit our ability to pursue certain business opportunities and adopt new technologies, compromise our competitive position, and affect our relationships with partners, merchants, vendors and other third parties. Moreover, regulatory authorities have relatively broad discretion to grant, renew and revoke licenses and approvals and to implement regulations. Accordingly, such regulatory authorities could prevent or temporarily suspend us from carrying on some or all of our activities or otherwise penalize us if our practices were found not to comply with the then current regulatory or licensing requirements or any interpretation of such requirements by the regulatory authority. New laws or regulations could similarly affect our business, increase our costs of doing business and require us to change certain of our business practices and invest significant management attention and resources, all of which could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

If we fail to satisfy regulatory requirements, our financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected, and we may be restricted in our ability to take certain capital actions (such as declaring dividends or repurchasing outstanding shares) or engage in certain business activities or acquisitions, which could compromise our competitive position.

Our international operations are also subject to local government laws, regulations and procurement policies and practices which may differ from U.S. government regulations.

For example, in Europe, computerized reservation systems regulations or interpretations of regulations may:

increase our cost of doing business or lower our revenue;
limit our ability to sell marketing data;
impact relationships with travel agencies, airlines, rail companies, or others, impair the enforceability of existing agreements with travel agencies and other users of our system;
prohibit or limit us from offering services or products; or
limit our ability to establish or change fees.

In addition, certain foreign jurisdictions are considering regulations intended to address the issue of “overtourism,” including by restricting access to city centers or popular tourist destinations or limiting accommodation offerings in surrounding areas, such as by restricting the construction of new hotels or the renting of homes or apartments. Such regulations could adversely affect travel to, or our ability to offer accommodations in, such markets, which could negatively impact our business, growth and results of operations.

Similarly, companies we acquired may not have been subject to U.S. laws until we acquired them. Until we are able to fully integrate our compliance processes into the operations of such acquired companies, we are at risk of the acquired company’s failure to comply with U.S. laws, rules and regulations. Failure by us and our subsidiaries to comply with these laws could subject us to government investigations, civil and criminal penalties and reputational harm, which could have a material adverse effect on our consolidated operating results and financial position.

Further, we rely on third parties that we do not control, including travel suppliers, strategic partners, third party service providers and affiliates. If these third parties fail to meet our requirements or standards or the requirements or standards of applicable laws or governmental regulations, it could damage our reputation, make it difficult for us to operate some aspects of our business, or expose us to liability for their actions which could have an adverse impact on our business and financial performance.

Because we are deemed to be “controlled” by American Express under the BHC Act, we are and will be subject to supervision, examination and regulation by the Federal Reserve which could adversely affect our future growth and our business, results of operations and financial condition.

As further described in “Business — Government Regulation,” because American Express “controls” us for the purposes of the BHC Act, we are and will be subject to supervision, examination and regulation by the Federal Reserve. The Federal Reserve has broad examination and enforcement power, including the power to impose substantial fines, limit dividends and other capital distributions, restrict our operations and acquisitions and require divestitures. As noted above, American Express is a bank holding

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company. In addition, American Express has elected to become a financial holding company, and as such it is authorized to engage in a broader range of financial and related activities. In order to remain eligible for financial holding company status, American Express must meet certain eligibility requirements. We and American Express engage in various activities permissible only for bank holding companies that have elected to become financial holding companies, including, in particular, providing travel agency services. If a bank holding company fails to continue to meet eligibility requirements for financial holding company status, including as a result of actions by entities that are deemed “controlled” for BHC Act purposes, the financial condition and results of operations of the bank holding company and the companies “controlled” for BHC Act purposes by such bank holding company could be adversely affected, the bank holding company and the companies “controlled” for BHC Act purposes by such bank holding company may be restricted in their ability to engage in certain business activities or acquisitions, and ultimately, the bank holding company and the companies “controlled” for BHC Act purposes by such bank holding company could be required to discontinue certain activities permitted for financial holding companies or that rely on financial holding company status. Any of the foregoing, to the extent it occurs to us, could compromise our competitive position, particularly to the extent our competitors may not be subject to these same regulations. In addition, because acquisitions have been and are expected to continue to be a critical part of our growth strategy, any such limitations on our ability to engage in acquisition activity could inhibit our future growth and have a materially adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations. See “—Risks Relating to Employee Matters, Managing Our Growth,” “—Other Risks Relating to Our Business” and “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions — GBT Related Party Transactions — Shareholders Agreement.”

In addition, failure to satisfy regulatory requirements arising from American Express’s deemed “control” of us under the BHC Act may give American Express the right to (i) transfer all or a significant portion of its shares of GBTG and GBT or exercise registration rights without regard to certain restrictions that would otherwise apply, or (ii) exchange all or a significant portion of its shares of Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock, as applicable, for shares of Class A-1 Preferred Stock and Class B-1 Preferred Stock, respectively, which are non-voting. See “—Risks Relating to our Organization and Structure — American Express’s right to reduce, restructure or terminate its investment in GBTG and GBT in the event of an Amex Exit Condition could adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition, depress the market price of the Class A Common Stock and result in further concentration of the voting power in GBTG.”

We are subject to anti-corruption, anti-money laundering, and economic sanctions laws and regulations in the jurisdictions in which we operate, including the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and regulations administered and enforced by the U.S. Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control. Failure to comply with these laws and regulations could negatively impact our business, results of operations and financial condition.

Civil and criminal penalties may be imposed for violations of the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (“FCPA”), anti-money laundering laws and regulations, and regulations administered and enforced by the U.S. Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”) and similar laws and regulations. Although we have policies in place with respect to compliance with the FCPA and similar laws, anti-money laundering laws and economic sanctions laws and regulations, we cannot assure you that our directors, officers, employees and agents will comply with those laws and our policies, and we may be held responsible for any such non-compliance. If we or our directors or officers violate such laws or other similar laws governing the conduct of our business (including local laws), we, our directors, our employees or our agents may be subject to criminal and civil penalties or other remedial measures, which could harm our reputation and have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Any investigation of any actual or alleged violations of such laws could harm our reputation or have an adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Economic sanctions and embargo laws and regulations, such as those administered and enforced by OFAC, vary in their application, as they do not all apply to the same covered persons or proscribe the same activities, and such sanctions and embargo laws and regulations may be amended or strengthened over time. We cannot assure you that we will be in compliance with such laws, particularly as the scope of certain laws may be unclear and may be subject to changing interpretations.

In the future, we may acquire companies with business operations outside of the U.S., some of which may not have previously been subject to certain U.S. laws and regulations, including the FCPA, OFAC, or other anti-corruption, anti-money laundering and economic sanctions laws applicable to us. We may be held responsible for any violations of such laws by an acquired company that occurred prior to our acquisition, or subsequent to the acquisition but before we are able to institute our compliance procedures. The process of integrating an acquired company’s business into our operations is challenging, and we may have difficulty in implementing compliance procedures for newly applicable anti-corruption and economic sanctions laws.

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Our reported results of operations may be adversely affected by changes in accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S.

Generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S. are subject to interpretation by the Financial Accounting Standards Board, the SEC, and various bodies formed to promulgate and interpret appropriate accounting principles. A change in these principles or interpretations could have a significant effect on our reported results of operations, and may even affect the reporting of transactions completed before the announcement or effectiveness of a change.

We are and, from time to time we may be, involved in legal proceedings and may experience unfavorable outcomes, which could affect our business and results of operations.

We are, and in the future, may be, subject to material legal proceedings in the course of our business, including, but not limited to, actions relating to contract disputes, business practices, intellectual property and other commercial and tax matters. Such legal proceedings may involve claims for substantial amounts of money or for other relief or might necessitate changes to our business or operations, and the defense of such actions may be both time consuming and expensive. Further, if any such proceedings were to result in an unfavorable outcome, it could result in reputational damage and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position and results of operations. Insurance may not cover such claims, may not provide sufficient payments to cover all of the costs to resolve one or more such claims and may not continue to be available on terms acceptable to us. A claim brought against us that is uninsured or underinsured could result in unanticipated costs, thereby leading analysts or potential investors to reduce their expectations of our performance, which could reduce the market price of the Class A Common Stock.

Risks Relating to Our Organization and Structure

We conduct certain of our operations through joint ventures where we are generally the majority owner, but in some cases, we have only a minority interest. Disagreements with our partners could adversely affect our interest in the joint ventures.

In the course of executing our acquisition strategy, we have, and in the future may, acquire majority or minority interests in acquired businesses or their affiliates. Although we typically seek to assume or maintain corporate control over such entities, including responsibility for the day-to-day operations of these businesses, we have not, and may not in the future, always be able to accomplish such control. In addition, we have not always been able, and in the future may not always be able, to structure such arrangements in a manner that allows us to acquire the interests not owned by us. In addition, in some instances, such majority or minority interest holder may have the right to purchase our interest in such joint venture whether or not we consent. As a result, any disagreements with our partners could result in a disruption to our business and operations.

Where we hold a minority interest in a joint venture, we may not be able to control such company’s operations or compliance with applicable laws or regulations. If we have a disagreement with a joint venture partner with respect to a particular issue, or as to the management or conduct of the business of the joint venture, we may not be able to resolve such disagreement in our favor. Disputes may occur with respect to joint ventures, and any such disagreement could have a material adverse effect on our interest in the joint venture, the business of the joint venture or the portion of our growth strategy related to the joint venture.

The interests of the Continuing JerseyCo Owners may not always coincide with our interests or the interests of our other stockholders, and may result in conflicts of interest.

The interests of the Continuing JerseyCo Owners may not always coincide with the Company’s interests or the interests of our other stockholders. The Continuing JerseyCo Owners may also have interests that differ from yours and may vote in a way with which you disagree and which may be adverse to your interests. In addition, the Continuing JerseyCo Owners own 100% of the outstanding GBT B Ordinary Shares, which represent a majority of the economic interests in GBT. Because the Continuing JerseyCo Owners hold their economic ownership interest in our business through GBT, rather than through the public company, the Continuing JerseyCo Owners may have conflicting interests with the holders of Class A Common Stock. In addition, the structuring of future transactions may take into consideration the tax or other considerations of the Continuing JerseyCo Owners even where no similar benefit would accrue to us.

As a result of these risks, the market price of the Class A Common Stock could decline or stockholders might not receive a premium over the then-current market price of the Class A Common Stock upon a change in control.

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We are a holding company, our principal asset is an equity interest in GBT and our ability to pay taxes and expenses will depend on distributions made by our subsidiaries and may be otherwise limited by our structure and the terms of our existing and future indebtedness.

We are a holding company with no operations and will rely on GBT to provide us with funds necessary to meet any financial obligations. Our principal asset is the GBT A Ordinary Shares. As such, we have no independent means of generating revenue or cash flow. Our ability to pay taxes and expenses depends on the financial results and cash flows of GBT and its subsidiaries and the distributions we receive from GBT. Deterioration in the financial condition, earnings or cash flow of GBT and its subsidiaries for any reason could limit or impair GBT’s ability to pay such distributions.

GBT is treated as a flow-through entity for U.S. federal income tax purposes and, as such, generally is not subject to U.S. federal income tax. Instead, taxable income is allocated to holders of its GBT A Ordinary Shares and GBT B Ordinary Shares. Pursuant to the Shareholders Agreement and in accordance with the Companies (Jersey) Law 1991, GBT makes (x) cash distributions to us in an amount sufficient to enable us to satisfy our liabilities for taxes, as reasonably determined by the Board, and (y) proportionate cash distributions to our other shareholders.

We incur taxes and other expenses incidental to its functions as a public company which could be significant. We expect GBT to make distributions or, in the case of certain expenses, payments in an amount sufficient to allow us to pay our taxes and public company expenses. However, our ability to make such distributions and pay or reimburse such expenses may be subject to various limitations and restrictions, including, but not limited to, restrictions in our debt documents, the availability of sufficient cash and appropriate reserves for working capital, and the applicable provisions of Jersey law including, but not limited to, the obligation of the GBT Board to declare a 12-month forward looking cash flow solvency statement in accordance with the Companies (Jersey) Law 1991, prior to the declaration of a distribution. Subsidiaries of GBT are also generally subject to similar or other types of legal limitations on their ability to make distributions that would have the effect of rendering them insolvent.

If we do not have sufficient funds to pay tax or other liabilities or to fund its other expenses (as a result of GBT’s failure to make distributions or its inability to do so due to various limitations and restrictions), we may need to obtain additional financing. There is no assurance that such financing would be available to us on acceptable terms or at all and thus our liquidity and financial condition could be materially and adversely affected (See “—Risks Relating to Our Dependence on Third Parties”). We may not be able to accurately predict our future capital needs, and we may not be able to obtain additional financing to fund our operations.

The GBT A Ordinary Shares will be freely transferable.

In most businesses operating under an Up-C structure, the voting equity of the operating company held by the public company cannot be transferred without the consent of the holders of non-voting equity of the operating company, which ensures that, without the requisite consent, the public company will remain the sole owner of the voting shares of the operating company. However, the GBT A Ordinary Shares, all of which are held by us, are not subject to any contractual restrictions on transfer. While we do not intend to sell, transfer or otherwise dispose of any GBT A Ordinary Shares, we will have the right to sell, transfer or otherwise dispose of some or all of the GBT A Ordinary Shares, subject to applicable law, including the fiduciary duties of our directors under Delaware law and Section 271 of the DGCL, which requires the approval of holders of a majority of our outstanding stock entitled to vote thereon in order for us to sell, lease or exchange all or substantially all of our property and assets.

If we transfer some or all of the GBT A Ordinary Shares, the “mirrored” capital structure and ownership of GBTG and GBT, which is typical in Up-C structures, would no longer apply. In addition, we would no longer hold 100% of the voting power of GBT, which could impact the election of the GBT Board and the management of GBT.

In certain circumstances, GBT will be required to make distributions to us and the Continuing JerseyCo Owners and the distributions that GBT will be required to make may be substantial.

GBT is treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes and, as such, generally is not subject to U.S. federal income tax. Instead, taxable income is allocated to the owners of GBT, including us. Pursuant to the Shareholders Agreement, GBT agreed to make pro rata cash distributions, or tax distributions, to the owners of GBT A Ordinary Shares and GBT B Ordinary Shares, in amounts intended to be sufficient to enable us to satisfy our liabilities for taxes, as reasonably determined by the Board, subject to various limitations and restrictions, including, but not limited to, restrictions in our debt documents, the availability of sufficient cash and appropriate reserves for working capital, and the applicable provisions of Jersey law.

Funds used by GBT to satisfy its tax distribution obligations will not be available for reinvestment in our business. Moreover, the tax distributions that GBT will be required to make may be substantial and may exceed (as a percentage of GBT taxable income) the

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overall effective tax rate applicable to a similarly situated corporate taxpayer. In addition, because these payments will be made pro rata, these payments may significantly exceed the actual tax liability for the Continuing JerseyCo Owners.

We may receive tax distributions significantly in excess of our tax liabilities. To the extent we were not to distribute such cash balances as dividends on the Class A Common Stock and instead, for example, held such cash balances or loaned them to GBT, the Continuing JerseyCo Owners would benefit from any value attributable to such accumulated cash balances as a result of their ownership of Class A Common Stock following an exchange of their GBT B Ordinary Shares (with automatic surrender for cancellation of an equal number of shares of Class B Common Stock). However, we currently expect to adopt a dividend policy pursuant to which we would pay a dividend on the Class A Common Stock in the amount of any such cash balances in order to maintain the intended economic relationship between the shares of the Class A Common Stock and the GBT B Ordinary Shares. The payment of any dividends, however, is at the discretion of the Board and we have no obligation to pay any dividend. Furthermore, our ability to pay dividends is limited by the Senior Secured Credit Agreement and may be limited by covenants under other indebtedness we and our subsidiaries incur in the future, as well as other limitations and restrictions imposed by law. Pursuant to the Senior Secured Credit Agreement, so long as GBT is treated as a partnership or a disregarded entity for U.S. federal income tax purposes, GBT may make Tax Distributions (as defined and set forth in the Shareholders Agreement after the effectiveness thereof), subject to certain limitations on future amendments, if any, to the Shareholders Agreement and certain restrictions on making Tax Distributions with respect to any income included under Section 965(a) of the Code. If we become a guarantor under the Senior Secured Credit Agreement, then our ability to make dividends on the Class A Common Stock in the amount of any excess cash balances from such tax distributions, as well as certain other cash dividends, would be subject to fixed-dollar caps set forth in the Senior Secured Credit Agreement in the event that the total leverage ratio (calculated in a manner set forth in the Senior Secured Credit Agreement) would be greater than 3.00:1.00 after giving pro forma effect to such dividends. If we do not become a guarantor, then the ability of our subsidiaries to make certain cash dividends to us will be subject to similar restrictions. For additional information, see “Market Price, Ticker Symbol and Dividend Information — Dividend Policy.”

The classification of the Board may have anti-takeover effects, including discouraging, delaying or preventing a change of control.

The Board consists of three classes of directors with staggered, three-year terms. The presence of a classified board could have anti-takeover effects, including discouraging a third party from making a tender offer for Common Stock or attempting to obtain control of us, even when stockholders may consider such a takeover to be in their best interests. It could also delay stockholders who disapprove of the performance of the Board from changing a majority of the Board through a single proxy contest.

Delaware law, our Certificate of Incorporation and our Bylaws contain certain provisions, including anti-takeover provisions, that limit the ability of holders of Class A Common Stock to take certain actions and could delay or discourage takeover attempts that stockholders may consider favorable.

Among other differences, our Certificate of Incorporation and our Bylaws contain provisions that could have the effect of rendering more difficult, delaying, or preventing an acquisition deemed undesirable by the Board and therefore depress the trading price of Class A Common Stock. These provisions could also make it difficult for stockholders to take certain actions, including electing directors who are not nominated by the current members of the Board, or taking other corporate actions, including effecting changes in management. Among other things, our Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws include provisions regarding:

the ability of the Board to issue shares of preferred stock, including “blank check” preferred stock and to determine the price and other terms of those shares, including preferences and voting rights, without stockholder approval, which could be used to significantly dilute the ownership of a hostile acquirer;
the limitation of the liability of, and the indemnification of, our directors and officers;
the right of the Board to elect a director to fill a vacancy created by the expansion of or the resignation, death or removal of a director, which prevents stockholders from being able to fill vacancies on the Board (unless a shareholder meeting is called by the Board for this purpose);
the inability of holders of Class A Common Stock to act by written consent in lieu of a meeting;
the requirement that a special meeting of stockholders may be called only by the Board, which could delay the ability of stockholders to force consideration of a proposal or to take action, including the removal of directors;
the procedures for the conduct and scheduling of the Board and stockholder meetings;

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the ability of the Board to amend our Bylaws, which may allow the Board to take additional actions to prevent an unsolicited takeover and inhibit the ability of an acquirer to amend our Bylaws to facilitate an unsolicited takeover attempt;
the establishment of a supermajority stockholder vote requirement of 66⅔% of outstanding shares entitled to vote generally to remove directors, amend our Certificate of Incorporation or amend our Bylaws; and
advance notice procedures with which stockholders must comply to nominate candidates to the Board or to propose matters to be acted upon at a stockholders’ meeting, which could preclude stockholders from bringing matters before annual or special meetings of stockholders and delay changes in the composition of the Board and also may discourage or deter a potential acquirer from conducting a solicitation of proxies to elect the acquirer’s own slate of directors or otherwise attempting to obtain control of us.

These provisions, alone or together, could delay or prevent hostile takeovers and changes in control or changes in our Board or management. In addition, although we will elect not to be governed by Section 203 of the DGCL, our Certificate of Incorporation will include similar provisions that generally prohibit us from engaging in any of a broad range of business combinations with an interested stockholder for a period of 3 years following the date on which the stockholder became an interested stockholder, unless such transactions are approved by the Board and the affirmative vote of at least 66⅔% of our outstanding voting stock (other than such stock owned by the interested shareholder). This provision could have the effect of delaying or preventing a change of control, whether or not it is desired by or beneficial to our stockholders. Further, other provisions of Delaware law, our Certificate of Incorporation or Bylaws may also discourage, delay or prevent someone from acquiring or merging with us.

In addition, (a) the provisions of the Shareholders Agreement, as described below, provide the stockholders party thereto with certain board nomination rights; and (b) the provisions of the Registration Rights Agreement, as described below, provide the stockholders party thereto with certain piggyback rights. Both the board representation rights and piggy back rights could have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control.

American Express’s right to reduce, restructure or terminate its investment in GBTG and GBT in the event of an Amex Exit Condition could adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition, depress the market price of the Class A Common Stock and result in further concentration of the voting power in GBTG.

Upon the occurrence of certain events (which are referred to in the Shareholders Agreement as “Amex Exit Conditions”), American Express has the right to (i) transfer all or a significant portion of its shares of GBTG and GBT, (ii) exercise registration rights without regard to certain restrictions that would otherwise apply or (iii) exchange all or a significant portion of its shares of Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock, as applicable, for shares of Class A-1 Preferred Stock and Class B-1 Preferred Stock, respectively, which are non-voting. In addition, if Amex HoldCo. becomes subject to regulatory or supervisory restrictions that limit its ability to engage in activities generally permitted for financial holding companies under the BHC Act and, in response, we elect to require Amex HoldCo. to divest or otherwise restructure its investment in us such that American Express no longer “controls” us under the BHC Act (which is an Amex Exit Condition), American Express may, at its option, terminate the A&R Trademark License Agreement, subject to the two-year transition period set forth therein (including termination of the “Payment Provider Obligations” referred to in the A&R Trademark License Agreement and the American Express exclusivity obligations to us and our affiliates and our and our affiliates’ other exclusivity obligations to American Express under the operating agreements between GBT UK (and its affiliates, where applicable) and American Express; provided, however, that our co-brand obligations with respect to the existing co-brands will continue on their current terms until the existing termination dates of such agreements; provided, further, that we and our affiliates will have no obligation to renew such co-brands or support any future co-brands once the A&R Trademark License Agreement is terminated). See “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions — GBT Related Party Transactions — Shareholders Agreement” and “—Risks Relating to Intellectual Property, Information Technology, Data Security and Privacy — Any termination of the A&R Trademark License Agreement for rights to the American Express trademarks used in our brands, including failure to renew the license upon expiration, could adversely affect our business and results of operations” for more information.

American Express may, to terminate its deemed “control” of us under the BHC Act following the occurrence of an Amex Exit Condition, transfer shares of GBTG and GBT without regard to certain applicable transfer restrictions under the Shareholders Agreement, other than the bar on transfers to sanctioned persons and subject to volume, manner of sale and other limitations under Rule 144 promulgated under the Securities Act. American Express’s exemption from certain transfer restrictions could significantly impair our and our other stockholders’ interests. For example, following the occurrence of an Amex Exit Condition, American Express could transfer shares to one of our competitors, which could undermine our competitive position. American Express could also transfer GBT shares in circumstances that would cause GBT to be classified as a publicly traded partnership taxable as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes, which could materially increase our tax liabilities.

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Similarly, American Express may, to terminate its deemed “control” of us under the BHC Act following an Amex Exit Condition, exercise demand registration rights under the Registration Rights Agreement without regard to certain generally applicable restrictions and limitations on such registration rights. Among other things, the Registration Rights Agreement generally entitles us to delay the filing or initial effectiveness, or suspend the use, of a registration statement if necessary to avoid an adverse disclosure of material non-public information or other consequences seriously detrimental to us. However, we cannot avail ourselves of these protections in connection with American Express’s exercise of demand registration rights following an Amex Exit Condition. As a result, we could be compelled to disclose in a registration statement sensitive non-public information even where doing so would be seriously detrimental to us.

Moreover, American Express’s transfer or exercise of demand registration rights with respect to all or a substantial portion of its shares to terminate its deemed “control” of us under the BHC Act following an Amex Exit Condition could result in the sale of a large number of shares of the Class A Common Stock at once or within a relatively short period of time. Such sales could cause the market price of the Class A Common Stock to fall significantly, particularly because, following an Amex Exit Condition, the sale price for such shares may not reflect the intrinsic value of the Class A Common Stock. Even if American Express has not exercised such rights, the possibility that it could do so in the future could itself depress the market price of the Class A Common Stock and might make it more difficult for us to sell equity securities in the future at a time and at a price that we deem appropriate. These factors could impair your ability to sell your shares of the Class A Common Stock when desired or limit the price that you may obtain for your shares.

In addition, American Express’s exchange of such shares for shares of Class A-1 Preferred Stock and/or Class B-1 Preferred Stock, which are nonvoting, following an Amex Exit Condition would result in further concentration of voting power in GBTG. For further discussion of the risks associated with the concentration of voting power in GBTG, see “— If our voting power continues to be highly concentrated, it may prevent minority stockholders from influencing significant corporate decisions and may result in conflicts of interest.”

We are an emerging growth company within the meaning of the Securities Act, and if we take advantage of certain exemptions from disclosure requirements available to emerging growth companies, this could make our securities less attractive to investors and may make it more difficult to compare our performance with other public companies.

We are an “emerging growth company” within the meaning of the Securities Act, as modified by the JOBS Act, and we may take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not emerging growth companies including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the auditor internal controls attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (“Sarbanes-Oxley Act”), reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and prospectus, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. As a result, our stockholders may not have access to certain information they may deem important. We could be an emerging growth company for up to five years following the Closing Date, although circumstances could cause us to lose that status earlier, including if the market value of our Class A Common Stock held by non-affiliates equals or exceeds $700 million as of any June 30 before that time, in which case we would no longer be an emerging growth company as of the following December 31. We cannot predict whether investors will find our securities less attractive because we will rely on these exemptions. If some investors find our securities less attractive as a result of our reliance on these exemptions, the trading prices of our securities may be lower than they otherwise would be, there may be a less active trading market for our securities and the trading prices of our securities may be more volatile.

Further, Section 102(b)(1) of the JOBS Act exempts emerging growth companies from being required to comply with new or revised financial accounting standards until private companies (that is, those that have not had a Securities Act registration statement declared effective or do not have a class of securities registered under the Exchange Act) are required to comply with the new or revised financial accounting standards. The JOBS Act provides that a company can elect to opt out of the extended transition period and comply with the requirements that apply to non-emerging growth companies but any such an election to opt out is irrevocable. We have elected not to opt out of such extended transition period which means that when a standard is issued or revised and it has different application dates for public or private companies, we, as an emerging growth company, can adopt the new or revised standard at the time private companies adopt the new or revised standard. This may make comparison of our financial statements with another public company which is neither an emerging growth company nor an emerging growth company which has opted out of using the extended transition period difficult or impossible because of the potential differences in accounting standards used.

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Risks Relating to Ownership of the Class A Common Stock

The market price of the Class A Common Stock and warrants may be volatile and could decline significantly.

The trading price of the Class A Common Stock and warrants is likely to be volatile and could be subject to fluctuations in response to various factors, some of which are beyond our control. These fluctuations could cause you to lose all or part of your investment in the Class A Common Stock and warrants. Factors that could cause fluctuations in the trading price of the Class A Common Stock and warrants include the following:

price and volume fluctuations in the overall stock market from time to time;
volatility in the trading prices and trading volumes of travel industry stocks;
if the benefits of the Business Combination do not meet the expectations of investors or securities analysts;
changes in operating performance and stock market valuations of other travel companies generally, or those in our industry in particular;
sales of shares of the Class A Common Stock by stockholders or by us;
failure of securities analysts to maintain coverage of us, changes in financial estimates by securities analysts who follow our Company or our failure to meet these estimates or the expectations of investors;
the financial projections we may provide to the public, any changes in those projections or our failure to meet those projections;
announcements by us or our competitors of new offerings or platform features;
the public’s reaction to our press releases, other public announcements and filings with the SEC;
rumors and market speculation involving us or other companies in our industry;
actual or anticipated changes in our results of operations or fluctuations in our results of operations;
the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on the travel industry;
actual or anticipated developments in our business, our competitors’ businesses or the competitive landscape generally;
litigation involving us, our industry or both, or investigations by regulators into our operations or those of our competitors;
developments or disputes concerning our intellectual property or other proprietary rights;
announced or completed acquisitions of businesses, services or technologies by us or our competitors;
new laws or regulations or new interpretations of existing laws or regulations applicable to our business;
changes in accounting standards, policies, guidelines, interpretations or principles;
any significant change in our management;
economic instability in the global financial markets and slow or negative growth of our markets, including as a result of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine; and
other factors described in this “Risk Factors” section.

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In addition, in the past, following periods of volatility in the overall market and the market price of a particular company’s securities, securities class action litigation has often been instituted against these companies. This litigation, if instituted against us, could result in substantial costs and a diversion of our management’s attention and resources.

If securities analysts do not publish research or reports about our business or if they publish negative evaluations of the Class A Common Stock, the market price and trading volume of the Class A Common Stock and warrants could decline.

The trading market for the Class A Common Stock and warrants will rely, in part, on the research and reports that industry or financial analysts publish about us or our business. If no, or few, analysts commence coverage of us, the trading price of the Class A Common Stock would likely decrease. Even if we do obtain analyst coverage, if one or more of the analysts covering our business downgrade their evaluations of the Class A Common Stock, the price of the Class A Common Stock and warrants could decline following such announcement. If one or more of these analysts cease to cover the Class A Common Stock, we could lose visibility in the market for the Class A Common Stock, which in turn could cause the price of our Class A Common Stock and warrants to decline.

We have incurred significant increased costs as a result of being a newly public company, and our management will be required to devote substantial time to new compliance initiatives.

As a newly public company, we incur significant legal, accounting and other expenses that we did not incur as a private company, and these expenses may increase even more after we are no longer an emerging growth company, as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act. While we are investing heavily in upgrading our financial systems, we expect these rules and regulations will substantially increase our legal and financial compliance costs and will make some activities more time-consuming and costly. Additionally, new and changing laws, regulations and standards relating to corporate governance and public disclosure for public companies that did not previously apply to us, including the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, regulations related thereto and the existing and proposed rules and regulations of the SEC and NYSE, will increase the costs and the time that must be devoted to compliance matters. If these requirements divert the attention of our management and personnel from other business concerns, they could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. For example, we expect these rules and regulations to make it more difficult and more expensive for us to obtain director and officer liability insurance and we may be required to incur substantial costs to maintain our current levels of such coverage. We cannot predict or estimate the amount or timing of additional costs we may incur to respond to these requirements. These laws and regulations could also make it more difficult for us to attract and retain qualified persons to serve on the Board, on our board committees or as our executive officers. Furthermore, if we are unable to satisfy our obligations as a public company, we could be subject to the delisting of the Class A Common Stock, fines, sanctions and other regulatory action and potentially civil litigation.

Our failure to maintain effective internal controls over financial reporting could harm us.

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal controls over financial reporting. Internal controls over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP. Under standards established by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (the "PCAOB"), a deficiency in internal controls over financial reporting exists when the design or operation of a control does not allow management or personnel, in the normal course of performing their assigned functions, to prevent or detect misstatements on a timely basis. The PCAOB defines a material weakness as a deficiency, or combination of deficiencies, in internal controls over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented, or detected and corrected, on a timely basis. The PCAOB defines a significant deficiency as a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal controls over financial reporting that is less severe than a material weakness, yet important enough to merit attention by those responsible for oversight of a registrant’s financial reporting. We cannot assure you that material weaknesses and control deficiencies will not be discovered in the future. Our failure to maintain effective disclosure controls and internal controls over financial reporting could have an adverse effect on our business and could cause investors to lose confidence in our financial statements, which could cause a decline in the price of the Class A Common Stock, and we may be unable to maintain compliance with the NYSE listing standards.

There can be no assurance that we will be able to maintain compliance with the listing standards of the NYSE.

Our Class A Common Stock and public warrants are listed on the NYSE. However, although we currently meet the minimum initial listing standards required by the NYSE, there can be no assurance that our securities will continue to be listed on the NYSE in

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the future. In order to continue listing our securities on the NYSE, we must maintain certain financial, distribution and share price levels, and a minimum number of holders of our securities.

If we fail to continue to meet the listing requirements of the NYSE, our securities may be delisted, and we could face significant material adverse consequences, including:

a limited availability of market quotations for our securities;
reduced liquidity for our securities;
a limited amount of news and analyst coverage; and
decreased ability to issue additional securities or obtain additional financing in the future.

A significant portion of our total outstanding shares are restricted from immediate resale but may be sold into the market in the near future. This could cause the market price of the Class A Common Stock and warrants to drop significantly, even if our business is doing well.

The sale of substantial amounts of shares of the Class A Common Stock, or securities convertible into shares of the Class A Common Stock, in the public market, or the perception that such sales could occur, could harm the prevailing market price of the shares of the Class A Common Stock and warrants. These sales, or the possibility that these sales may occur, also might make it more difficult for us to sell equity securities in the future at a time and at a price that we deem appropriate. Following the effectiveness of this registration statement, the Selling Securityholders’ shares of Class A Common Stock will be available for resale without restriction, subject to, in the case of stockholders who are our affiliates, volume, manner of sale and other limitations under Rule 144 promulgated under the Securities Act. The PIPE Investors own 32.35 million of the outstanding shares of PIPE Securities. While the PIPE Investors agreed, and will continue to be subject, to certain restrictions regarding the transfer of PIPE Securities, these shares may be sold after the expiration of the transfer restrictions (if applicable). This registration statement provides for the resale of the PIPE Securities from time to time. We also entered into the Registration Rights Agreement, which requires us to register under the Securities Act all the shares of Class A Common Stock held, or issuable upon exchange, by the parties to the Registration Rights Agreement. The PIPE Securities and other Class A Common Stock that are being registered pursuant to the Registration Rights Agreement will also be available for the sale in the open market upon such registration. As restrictions on resale end and the registration statements are available for use, the market price of the Class A Common Stock could decline if the holders of currently restricted shares sell them or are perceived by the market as intending to sell them.

Future issuances of the Class A Common Stock or rights to purchase the Class A Common Stock, including pursuant to our equity incentive plan, in connection with acquisitions or otherwise, could result in additional dilution of the percentage ownership of our stockholders and could cause our stock price to fall.

We have 2,943,054,967 shares of Class A Common Stock authorized but unissued as of June 16, 2022. Our Certificate of Incorporation and the applicable provisions of the DGCL authorize us to issue these shares of Class A Common Stock and options, rights, warrants and appreciation rights relating to Class A Common Stock for the consideration and on the terms and conditions established by the Board in its sole discretion, whether in connection with acquisitions, or otherwise.

In the future, we expect to obtain financing or to further increase our capital resources by issuing additional shares of our capital stock or offering debt or other equity securities, including senior or subordinated notes, debt securities convertible into equity, or shares of preferred stock. Issuing additional shares of our capital stock, other equity securities, or securities convertible into equity may dilute the economic and voting rights of our existing stockholders, reduce the market price of the Class A Common Stock, or both. Debt securities convertible into equity could be subject to adjustments in the conversion ratio pursuant to which certain events may increase the number of equity securities issuable upon conversion. Preferred stock (including the Class A-1 Preferred Stock and the Class B-1 Preferred Stock, none of which is issued and outstanding as of the date of this prospectus), if issued, could have a preference with respect to liquidating distributions or a preference with respect to dividend payments that could limit our ability to pay dividends to the holders of the Class A Common Stock. Our decision to issue securities in any future offering will depend on market conditions and other factors beyond our control, which may adversely affect the amount, timing, or nature of our future offerings. As a result, holders of the Class A Common Stock bear the risk that our future offerings may reduce the market price of the Class A Common Stock and dilute their percentage ownership.

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We do not currently intend to pay cash dividends on the Class A Common Stock, so any returns will be substantially limited to the value of the Class A Common Stock.

We have no current plans to pay any cash dividends on the Class A Common Stock. The declaration, amount and payment of any future dividends on shares of the Class A Common Stock will be at the sole discretion of the Board. We currently anticipate that we will retain future earnings for the development, operation and expansion of our business and do not anticipate declaring or paying any cash dividends from future earnings for the foreseeable future. In addition, our ability to pay dividends is limited by the Senior Secured Credit Agreement and may be limited by covenants under other indebtedness we and our subsidiaries incur in the future, as well as other limitations and restrictions imposed by law. As a result, you may not receive any return on an investment in the Class A Common Stock unless you sell the Class A Common Stock at a greater price than that which you paid for it.

If our voting power continues to be highly concentrated, it may prevent minority stockholders from influencing significant corporate decisions and may result in conflicts of interest.

The Continuing JerseyCo Owners and their affiliates control a majority of our voting power as a result of their ownership of Class B Common Stock. Moreover, the Shareholders Agreement contains provisions relating to our corporate governance. Even when the Continuing JerseyCo Owners and their affiliates cease to own shares of our Class A Common Stock representing a majority of the voting power, for so long as the Continuing JerseyCo Owners continue to own a significant percentage of our Class A Common Stock, the Continuing JerseyCo Owners will still be able to significantly influence the composition of the Board and the approval of actions requiring stockholder approval through their combined voting power. Accordingly, the Continuing JerseyCo Owners and their affiliates have significant influence with respect to our management, significant operational and strategic decisions, business plans and policies through their voting power and their rights under the Shareholders Agreement. Further, the Continuing JerseyCo Owners and their affiliates, through their combined voting power and their rights under the Shareholders Agreement, may be able to cause or prevent a change of control of our Company or a change in the composition of the Board and could preclude any unsolicited acquisition of our Company. This concentration of voting power could deprive you of an opportunity to receive a premium for your shares of Class A Common Stock as part of a sale of our Company and ultimately may negatively affect the market price of the Class A Common Stock.

The Continuing JerseyCo Owners and their affiliates engage in a broad spectrum of activities. Subject to certain restrictions on competition contained in the Shareholders Agreement, in the ordinary course of their business activities, the Continuing JerseyCo Owners and their affiliates may engage in activities where their interests conflict with our interests, your interests or those of our other stockholders. See "Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions — GBT Related Party Transactions — Shareholders Agreement."

Our dual class structure may depress the trading price of the Class A Common Stock.

We cannot predict whether our dual class structure will result in a lower or more volatile market price of the Class A Common Stock or in adverse publicity or other adverse consequences. For example, certain index providers have announced restrictions on including companies with multiple-class share structures in certain of their indexes. S&P, Dow Jones and FTSE Russell have each announced changes to their eligibility criteria for inclusion of shares of public companies on certain indices, including the S&P 500. These changes exclude companies with multiple classes of shares from being added to these indices. In addition, several stockholder advisory firms and investor groups have announced their opposition to the use of multiple class structures. As a result, the dual class structure of our Common Stock may cause stockholder advisory firms and investor groups to publish negative commentary about our corporate governance practices or otherwise seek to cause us to change our capital structure. Any such exclusion from indices or any actions or publications by stockholder advisory firms critical of our corporate governance practices or capital structure could adversely affect the value and trading market of the Class A Common Stock.

Our Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws provide that the Delaware Court of Chancery will be the sole and exclusive forum for certain disputes between us and our stockholders, which could limit our stockholders’ ability to obtain a favorable judicial forum for disputes with us or our directors, officers or employees.

Our Certificate of Incorporation provides that, unless we consent in writing to the selection of an alternative forum, the Delaware Court of Chancery shall, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law, be the sole and exclusive forum for any (a) derivative action or proceeding brought on our behalf, (b) action asserting a claim of breach of a fiduciary duty owed by any current or former director, officer, other employee or stockholder of ours to us or our stockholders, or any claim for aiding and abetting such alleged breach, (c) action asserting a claim arising under any provision of the DGCL, Certificate of Incorporation or our Bylaws or as to which the DGCL confers jurisdiction on the Delaware Court of Chancery, (d) action to interpret, apply, enforce or determine the validity of our Certificate of Incorporation or our Bylaws, (e) action asserting a claim governed by the internal affairs doctrine of the law of the State

40

of Delaware or (f) any action asserting an “internal corporate claim” as defined in Section 115 of the DGCL. Our Certificate of Incorporation further provides that (i) such exclusive forum provision shall not apply to claims or causes of action brought to enforce a duty or liability created by the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, or any other claim for which the federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction and (ii) unless we consent in writing to the section of an alternative forum, to the fullest extent permitted by law, the federal district courts of the United States shall be the sole and exclusive forum for the resolution of any complaint asserting a right under the Securities Act. Section 27 of the Exchange Act creates exclusive federal jurisdiction over all suits brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Exchange Act or the rules and regulations thereunder.

Any person or entity purchasing or otherwise acquiring any interest in any of our securities shall be deemed to have notice of and consented to the exclusive forum provision of our Certificate of Incorporation. This exclusive-forum provision may limit a stockholder’s ability to bring a claim in a judicial forum of its choosing for disputes with us or our directors, officers or other employees, which may discourage lawsuits against us and our directors, officers and other employees. If a court were to find the exclusive forum provision in our Certificate of Incorporation to be inapplicable or unenforceable in an action, we may incur additional costs associated with resolving the dispute in other jurisdictions, which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations and result in a diversion of the time and resources of our management and board of directors. For example, Section 22 of the Securities Act creates concurrent jurisdiction for federal and state courts over all suits brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Securities Act or the rules and regulations thereunder. Accordingly, there is uncertainty as to whether a court would enforce such a forum selection provision as written in connection with claims arising under the Securities Act.

We may be subject to securities litigation, which is expensive and could divert management attention.

The market price of our Class A Common Stock may be volatile and, in the past, companies that have experienced volatility in the market price of their stock have been subject to securities class action litigation. We may be the target of this type of litigation in the future. Securities litigation against us could result in substantial costs and divert management’s attention from other business concerns, which could seriously harm our business.

The Class A Common Stock is and will be subordinate to all of our existing and future indebtedness, our Class A-1 Preferred Stock and Class B-1 Preferred Stock and any preferred stock issued in the future, and effectively subordinated to all indebtedness and preferred equity claims against our subsidiaries.

Shares of the Class A Common Stock are common equity interests in us and, as such, will rank junior to all of our existing and future indebtedness and other liabilities. Additionally, holders of the Class A Common Stock are subject to the prior liquidation rights of holders of Class A-1 Preferred Stock and Class B-1 Preferred Stock, none of which will be issued as of the Closing, and may become subject to the prior dividend and liquidation rights of holders of any series of preferred stock that the Board may designate and issue without any action on the part of the holders of the Class A Common Stock. Furthermore, our right to participate in a distribution of assets upon any of our subsidiaries’ liquidation or reorganization is subject to the prior claims of that subsidiary’s creditors and preferred stockholders.

41

USE OF PROCEEDS

All of the Class A Common Stock and warrants offered by the Selling Securityholders pursuant to this prospectus will be sold by the Selling Securityholders for their respective accounts. We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of Class A Common Stock or warrants by the Selling Securityholders pursuant to this prospectus.

We will receive up to an aggregate of approximately $453,688,041 from the exercise of all public warrants and private placement warrants, assuming the exercise in full of all such warrants for cash. We will receive up to an aggregate of $287,568,024.15 from the exercise of all GBTG Options, assuming the exercise in full of all such options for cash. We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of the shares of Class A Common Stock issuable upon such exercise. Unless we inform you otherwise in a prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus, we expect to use the net proceeds from the exercise of such warrants and GBTG Options for general corporate purposes, which may include acquisitions and other business opportunities and the repayment of indebtedness. Our management will have broad discretion over the use of proceeds from the exercise of the warrants and GBTG Options.

There is no assurance that the holders of the warrants will elect to exercise any or all of the warrants or whether or when the GBTG Options may be exercised. To the extent that the warrants or GBTG Options are exercised on a “cashless basis,” the amount of cash we would receive from the exercise of the warrants or GBTG Options will decrease.

We will pay certain expenses associated with the registration of the securities covered by this prospectus, as described in the section titled “Plan of Distribution.”

42

MARKET PRICE, TICKER SYMBOL AND DIVIDEND INFORMATION

Market Price and Ticker Symbol

Our Class A Common Stock and warrants trade on NYSE under the trading symbols “GBTG” and “GBTG.WS,” respectively.

On June 17, 2022, the trading date immediately prior to the date of this prospectus, the closing price of our Class A Common Stock and warrants were $6.79 and $1.02, respectively.

Holders

As of June 16, 2022, there were 18 holders of record of our Class A Common Stock and 3 holders of record of our warrants. The number of holders of record does not include a substantially greater number of “street name” holders or beneficial holders whose Class A Common Stock and warrants are held of record by banks, brokers and other financial institutions.

Dividend Policy

We have not paid any cash dividends on our Class A Common Stock to date. The payment of any cash dividends in the future will be within the discretion of our Board at such time. Furthermore, our ability to pay dividends is limited by the Senior Secured Credit Agreement and may be limited by covenants under other indebtedness we and our subsidiaries incur in the future, as well as other limitations and restrictions imposed by law. We currently expect to retain future earnings to finance operations and grow our business, and we do not expect to declare or pay cash dividends for the foreseeable future.

Pursuant to the Shareholders Agreement, GBT has agreed to make pro rata cash distributions, or tax distributions, to the owners of GBT A Ordinary Shares and GBT B Ordinary Shares, in amounts intended to be sufficient to enable us to satisfy our liabilities for taxes, as reasonably determined by the Board, subject to various limitations and restrictions, including, but not limited to, restrictions in our debt documents, the availability of sufficient cash and appropriate reserves for working capital, and the applicable provisions of Jersey law. We currently expect to adopt a dividend policy pursuant to which we would pay a dividend on the Class A Common Stock in the amount of any such cash balances in order to maintain the intended economic relationship between the shares of the Class A Common Stock and the GBT B Ordinary Shares.

Pursuant to the Senior Secured Credit Agreement, so long as GBT is treated as a partnership or a disregarded entity for U.S. federal income tax purposes, GBT may make Tax Distributions (as defined and set forth in the Shareholders Agreement after the effectiveness thereof), subject to certain limitations on future amendments, if any, to the Shareholders Agreement and certain restrictions on making Tax Distributions with respect to any income included under Section 965(a) of the Code. We may receive tax distributions from GBT significantly in excess of our tax liabilities. If we become a guarantor under the Senior Secured Credit Agreement, then our ability to make dividends on the Class A Common Stock in the amount of any excess cash balances from such tax distributions, as well as certain other cash dividends, would be subject to fixed-dollar caps set forth in the Senior Secured Credit Agreement in the event that the total leverage ratio (calculated in a manner set forth in the Senior Secured Credit Agreement) would be greater than 3.00:1.00 after giving pro forma effect to such dividends. If we do not become a guarantor, then the ability of our subsidiaries to make certain cash dividends to us will be subject to similar restrictions.

43

UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONDENSED COMBINED FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Introduction

The following unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information provides additional information regarding the financial aspects of the Business Combination, the Egencia Acquisition and related transactions. The following unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information has been prepared in accordance with Article 11 of Regulation S-X as amended by the final rule, Release No. 33-10786 “Amendments to Financial Disclosures about Acquired and Disposed Businesses.”

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined balance sheet as of March 31, 2022 combines the historical balance sheet of APSG and Legacy GBT on a pro forma basis as if the Business Combination and related transactions, summarized below, had been consummated on March 31, 2022. The Egencia Acquisition closed on November 1, 2021 and, therefore, the consolidated balance sheet of Legacy GBT as of March 31, 2022 includes the impact of the Egencia Acquisition following the consummation of the acquisition. The unaudited pro forma condensed combined statements of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and for the year ended December 31, 2021 combine the historical statements of operations of APSG, Legacy GBT, and Egencia on a pro forma basis as if the Business Combination, the Egencia Acquisition and related transactions, summarized below, had been consummated on January 1, 2021.

A summary of the Business Combination, the Egencia Acquisition and related transactions is provided below:

On December 2, 2021, APSG entered into the Business Combination Agreement with Legacy GBT pursuant to which, among other things and subject to the terms and conditions contained in the Business Combination Agreement, the Continuing JerseyCo Owners, in the aggregate, own a majority voting interest in GBTG and a majority economic interest in GBT, and the existing shareholders of APSG own a minority voting interest in GBTG and an indirect minority economic interest in the GBT business. Upon Closing, GBT is a direct subsidiary of GBTG and GBTG conducts its business through GBT in an umbrella partnership-C corporation structure.
The Egencia Acquisition was consummated on November 1, 2021, and Expedia became an indirect holder of approximately 19% of the equity interests of Legacy GBT, excluding the preferred shares and profit shares of Legacy GBT, GBT MIP Options and GBT MIP Shares as of such date. At the Closing, and as contemplated by the Egencia Acquisition, Expedia has become a direct equityholder in GBT.
Immediately prior to the Closing, the PIPE Investors purchased 32,350,000 shares of APSG Class A Common Stock for an aggregate purchase price equal to $323.5 million, which, upon the Closing, converted on a one-for-one basis to shares of Class A Common Stock.

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information does not purport to represent, and is not necessarily indicative of, what the actual financial condition of the combined company would have been had the Business Combination, the Egencia Acquisition and related transactions taken place on the dates indicated, nor is it indicative of the financial condition of the combined company as of any future date. The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information is based on and should be read in conjunction with the historical financial statements of APSG, Legacy GBT and Egencia, and the related notes thereto, as well as the section titled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included in this prospectus.

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined balance sheet has been prepared to illustrate the effect of the Business Combination and related transactions and the unaudited pro forma condensed combined statements of operations have been prepared to illustrate the effect of the Business Combination, the Egencia Acquisition and related transactions. They have been prepared in accordance with Article 11 of Regulation S-X and are for informational purposes only and are subject to a number of uncertainties and assumptions as described in the accompanying notes. The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information reflects transaction-related adjustments management believes are necessary to present fairly (i) the combined company pro forma financial position following the Closing and (ii) the combined company pro forma results of operations following the closing of the Business Combination and Egencia Acquisition and related transactions as of and for the periods indicated. The related transaction accounting adjustments are based on currently available information and assumptions management believes are, under the circumstances and given the information available at this time, reasonable, and reflective of adjustments necessary to report our (i) financial condition as if the Business Combination, the related transactions were completed as of the period indicated and (ii) results of operations as if the Business Combination, the Egencia Acquisition and related transactions were completed for the periods indicated. Therefore, it is

44

likely that the actual adjustments will differ from the pro forma adjustments and it is possible the difference may be material. We believe that our assumptions and methodologies provide a reasonable basis for presenting all of the significant effects of the Business Combination, the Egencia Acquisition and related transactions contemplated based on information available to management at the time and that the pro forma adjustments give appropriate effect to those assumptions and are properly applied in the unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information.

Accounting for the Business Combination

The Business Combination has been accounted for as a reverse recapitalization, with no goodwill or other intangible assets recorded, in accordance with GAAP. Under this method of accounting, APSG has been treated as the acquired company for financial reporting purposes. Accordingly, for accounting purposes, the Business Combination is treated as the equivalent of GBT issuing shares for the net assets of APSG, accompanied by a recapitalization. The net assets of APSG are recognized at fair value (which is expected to be consistent with carrying value as APSG’s net assets primarily comprise of Investments held in Trust Account), with no goodwill or other intangible assets recorded.

Legacy GBT has been determined to be the accounting acquirer based on evaluation of the following facts and circumstances:

Legacy GBT has been determined to be a corporate like entity due to its governance structure;
Legacy GBT’s stockholders have the majority of the voting power in the company surviving the Business Combination i.e. GBTG;
Legacy GBT’s stockholders are able to appoint a majority of the Board;
Legacy GBT’s management team is the management team of the company surviving the Business Combination;
Legacy GBT’s prior operations comprise the ongoing operations of the company surviving the Business Combination;
Legacy GBT is the larger entity based on historical revenues and business operations; and
The company surviving the Business Combination assumed Legacy GBT’s operating name and its headquarters.

Accounting for Egencia Acquisition

The Egencia Acquisition closed on November 1, 2021 and, therefore, the consolidated balance sheet of Legacy GBT as of March 31, 2022 includes the impact of the Egencia Acquisition. The pro forma adjustments related to the Egencia Acquisition primarily reflect the impact of the following in the unaudited pro forma condensed combined statements of operations:

the amortization of acquired intangibles; and
the impact of revenue sharing arrangement with Expedia.

45

UNAUDITED PRO FORMA

CONDENSED COMBINED BALANCE SHEET

AS OF MARCH 31, 2022

Transaction

GBT JerseyCo

Apollo Strategic

Accounting

Pro Forma

($ in millions, except share and per share data)

    

 Limited

    

 Growth Capital

    

Adjustments

    

 

    

Combined

Assets

Current assets:

Cash and cash equivalents

$

329

$

$

128

 

3(a)

$

457

Accounts receivable, net

 

562

 

 

—  

 

  

 

562

Due from affiliates

 

9

 

 

—  

 

  

 

9

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

143

 

 

(26)

 

3(b)

 

117

Total current assets

 

1,043

 

 

102

 

  

 

1,145

Investments held in Trust Account

 

 

818

 

(818)

 

3(c)

 

Property and equipment, net

 

213

 

 

—  

 

  

 

213

Equity method investments

 

16

 

 

—  

 

  

 

16

Goodwill

 

1,346

 

 

—  

 

  

 

1,346

Other intangible assets, net

 

718

 

 

—  

 

  

 

718

Operating lease right-of-use assets

 

54

 

 

—  

 

  

 

54

Deferred tax assets

 

300

 

 

 

 

300

Other non-current assets

 

46

 

 

—  

 

  

 

46

Total assets

$

3,736

$

818

$

(716)

 

  

$

3,838

Liabilities and shareholders’ equity

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Current liabilities:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Accounts payable

$

289

$

5

$

(5)

 

3(d)

$

289

Due to affiliates

 

41

 

4

 

(4)

 

3(e)

 

41

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

448

 

 

12

 

3(f)

 

460

Notes payable

 

 

6

 

(6)

 

3(d)

 

Current portion of operating lease liabilities

 

20

 

 

 

  

 

20

Current portion of long-term debt

 

3

 

 

 

  

 

3

Total current liabilities

 

801

 

15

 

(3)

 

  

 

813

Long-term non-current debt, net of unamortized debt discount and debt issuance costs

 

1,020

 

 

 

  

 

1,020

Deferred tax liabilities

 

119

 

 

3

 

3(n)

 

122

Pension liabilities

 

316

 

 

 

  

 

316

Long-term operating lease liabilities

 

55

 

 

 

  

 

55

Derivative warrant liabilities

 

 

60

 

 

  

 

60

Earnout liability

 

 

 

175

 

3(k)

 

175

Deferred underwriting compensation

 

 

29

 

(29)

 

3(d)

 

Other non-current liabilities

 

26

 

 

 

  

 

26 

Total liabilities

$

2,337

$

104

$

146

 

  

$

2,587

Commitments and contingencies

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Temporary Equity

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

APSG Class A Ordinary Shares subject to possible redemption

 

 

817

 

(817)

3(l)

  

 

GBT Preferred Shares

 

165

 

 

(165)

 

3(h)

 

Shareholders Equity

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Legacy GBT Voting Ordinary Shares

 

 

 

 

  

 

Legacy GBT Non-Voting Ordinary Shares

 

 

 

 

  

 

Legacy GBT Profit shares

 

 

 

 

  

 

GBT MIP Shares

 

 

 

 

  

 

APSG Preferred Shares

 

 

 

 

  

 

APSG Class A Ordinary Shares

 

 

 

 

  

 

APSG Class B Ordinary Shares

 

 

 

 

  

 

Class A‑1 Preferred Stock

 

 

 

 

  

 

Class B‑1 Preferred Stock

 

 

 

 

  

 

Class A Common Stock

 

 

 

 

  

 

Class B Common Stock

 

 

 

 

  

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

2,558

 

 

(103)

 

3(j)

 

1,480

 

(175)

 

3(k)

 

324

 

3(g)

 

(30)

 

3(d)

(3)

3 (h)

 

(776)

 

3(i)

 

817

 

3(l)

 

(1,095)

 

3(m)

 

(12)

 

3(f)

 

4

 

3(e)

 

(26)

 

3(b)

 

(3)

 

3(n)

Accumulated deficit

 

(1,156)

 

(103)

 

103

 

3(j)

 

(1,156)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(169)

 

 

 

  

 

(169)

Total equity of Company’s shareholders

$

1,233

$

(103)

$

(975)

 

  

$

155

Equity attributable to non-controlling interest in subsidiaries

 

1

 

  

$

1,095

 

3(m)

 

1,096

Total shareholders’ equity

$

1,234

$

(103)

$

120

 

  

$

1,251

Equity attributable to non-controlling interest in subsidiaries

 

— 

 

—  

 

—  

 

  

 

—  

Total liabilities, preferred shares and shareholders’ equity

$

3,736

$

818

$

(716)

 

  

$

3,838

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these pro forma financial statements.

46

UNAUDITED PRO FORMA

CONDENSED COMBINED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2022

Apollo

GBT

Strategic

JerseyCo

Growth

Transaction

Limited

Capital

Accounting

Pro Forma

($ in millions, except share and per share data)

    

(Historical)

    

(Historical)

    

Adjustments

    

    

 Combined

Revenue

$

350

$

$

$

350

Costs and expenses:

Cost of revenue (excluding depreciation and amortization shown separately below)

 

173

 

 

 

  

 

173

Sales and marketing

 

72

 

 

  

 

72

Technology and content

 

90

 

 

 

  

 

90

Administration fee - related party

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

General and administrative

 

65

 

1

 

 

  

 

66

Restructuring charges

 

2

 

 

 

  

 

2

Depreciation and amortization

 

44

 

 

 

  

 

44

Total operating expenses

 

446

 

1

 

 

  

 

447

Operating loss

 

(96)

 

(1)

 

 

  

 

(97)

Interest expense

 

(19)

 

 

 

  

 

(19)

Other expense, net

 

 

 

(7)

 

3(aa)

 

(7)

Change in fair value of derivative warrants

 

 

(4)

 

 

  

 

(4)

Loss before income taxes and share of loss from equity method investments

 

(115)

 

(5)

 

(7)

 

  

 

(127)

Benefit from income taxes

 

25

 

 

1

 

3(bb)

 

26

Share of losses from equity method investments

 

(1)

 

 

 

  

 

(1)

Net loss

$

(91)

$

(5)

$

(6)

 

  

$

(102)

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries

 

 

 

(89)

 

3(cc)

 

(89)

Net loss attributable to the Company

 

(91)

 

(5)

 

83

 

  

 

(13)

Preferred shares dividend

 

(5)

 

 

5

 

3(dd)

 

Net loss attributable to the Company’s ordinary shareholders

 

(96)

 

(5)

 

88

 

  

 

(13)

Earnings per share attributable to the shareholders of the Company’s ordinary shares - Basic and Diluted:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Weighted average number of ordinary shares / common stock outstanding

 

44,413,972

 

 

 

  

 

Loss per share

$

(2.15)

 

 

 

  

 

Weighted average shares outstanding of Class A ordinary shares

 

 

81,681,000

 

24,735,967

 

  

 

56,945,033

Basic and diluted net loss per share, Class A

 

$

(0.05)

 

 

  

$

(0.23)

Weighted average shares outstanding of Class B ordinary share

 

 

20,420,250

 

 

  

 

Basic and diluted net loss per share, Class B

 

$

(0.05)

 

 

  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these pro forma financial statements.

47

UNAUDITED PRO FORMA

CONDENSED COMBINED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS

FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2021

Egencia

Historical-

GBT

Apollo

GBT

Egencia

(Oct 2021

Egencia

JerseyCo

Strategic

JerseyCo

Historical-

Mgt

Historical-

Egencia

Limited

Growth

Transaction

Limited

(September 30

accounts/

(October 31

Acquisition

Combined

Capital

Accounting

Pro Forma

($ in millions, except share and per share data)

   

(Historical)

   

2021)

   

estimates)

   

2021)

   

Adjustments

    

   

(Historical)

   

(Historical)

   

Adjustments

   

   

Combined

Revenue

$

763

$

123

$

25

$

148

$

(22)

 

2(i)

$

889

$

$

$

889

Costs and expenses:

Cost of revenue (excluding depreciation and amortization shown separately below)

 

477

112

19

 

131

 

 

  

 

608

 

 

 

  

 

608

Sales and marketing

 

201

86

7

 

93

 

 

  

 

294

 

 

 

  

 

294

Technology and content

 

264

53

4

 

57

 

 

  

 

321

 

 

 

  

 

321

General and administrative

 

213

33

2

 

35

 

(6)

 

2(ii)

 

242

 

13

 

 

  

 

255

Restructuring charges

 

14

9

 

9

 

 

  

 

23

 

 

 

  

 

23

Depreciation and amortization

 

154

36

4

 

40

 

2

 

2(iii)

 

196

 

 

 

  

 

196

Total operating expenses

 

1,323

329

36

 

365

 

(4)

 

  

 

1,684

 

13

 

 

  

 

1,697

Operating loss

 

(560)

(206)

(11)

 

(217)

 

(18)

 

  

 

(795)

 

(13)

 

 

  

 

(808)

Interest income

 

1

 

 

 

  

 

1

 

 

 

  

 

1

Interest expense

 

(53)

 

 

 

  

 

(53)

 

 

 

  

 

(53)

Loss on early extinguishment of debt

 

(49)

 

 

 

  

 

(49)

 

 

 

  

 

(49)

Other income (expense), net

 

8

2

 

2

 

 

  

 

10

 

 

(11)

 

3(aa)

 

(1)

Change in fair value of derivative warrants

 

 

 

 

  

 

 

19

 

 

  

 

19

Loss before income taxes and share of loss from equity method investments

 

(653)

(204)

(11)

 

(215)

 

(18)

 

  

 

(886)

 

6

 

(11)

 

  

 

(891)

Benefit from income taxes

 

186

2

 

2

 

5

 

2(iv)

 

193

 

 

2

 

3(bb)

 

195

Share of losses from equity method investments

 

(8)

 

 

 

 

(8)

 

 

 

  

 

(8)

Net loss

$

(475)

(202)

(11)

$

(213)

$

(13)

$

(701)

$

6

$

(9)

 

  

$

(704)

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries

 

(2)

 

 

 

  

 

(2)

 

 

(615)

 

3(cc)

 

(617)

Net (loss) income attributable to the Company

 

(473)

(202)

(11)

 

(213)

 

(13)

 

  

 

(699)

 

6

 

606

 

  

 

(87)

Preferred shares dividend

 

(10)

 

 

 

  

 

(10)

 

 

10

 

3(dd)

 

Net (loss) income attributable to the Company’s ordinary shareholders

 

(483)

(202)

(11)

 

(213)

 

(13)

 

  

 

(709)

 

6

 

616

 

  

 

(87)

Earnings per share attributable to the shareholders of the Company’s ordinary shares - Basic and Diluted:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Weighted average number of ordinary shares / common stock outstanding

 

37,406,171

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

  

 

Loss per share

$

(12.91)

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

  

 

Weighted average shares outstanding of Class A ordinary shares

 

 

 

 

  

 

 

81,681,000

 

(24,735,967)

 

  

 

56,945,033

Basic and diluted net income (loss) per share, Class A

 

 

  

 

$

0.06

 

 

  

$

(1.53)

Weighted average shares outstanding of Class B ordinary share

 

 

 

  

 

 

20,420,250

 

 

  

 

Basic and diluted net income per share, Class B

 

 

 

  

 

$

0.06

 

 

  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these pro forma financial statements.

48

NOTES TO UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONDENSED COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 1 — Basis of Presentation

The Business Combination is accounted for as a reverse recapitalization, with no goodwill or other intangible assets recorded, in accordance with GAAP. Under this method of accounting, APSG is treated as the “acquired” company for financial reporting purposes. This determination was primarily based on evaluation of the following facts and circumstances: (i) Legacy GBT has been determined to be a corporate like entity due to its governance structure; (ii) Legacy GBT’s stockholders have the majority of the voting power in the company surviving the Business Combination, i.e. GBTG; (iii) Legacy GBT’s stockholders are able to appoint a majority of the Board; (iv) Legacy GBT’s management team is the management team of the company surviving the Business Combination; (v) Legacy GBT’s prior operations comprise the ongoing operations of the company surviving the Business Combination; (vi) Legacy GBT is the larger entity based on historical revenues and business operations; and (vii) the company surviving the Business Combination assumed Legacy GBT’s operating name and its headquarters. Accordingly, for accounting purposes, the Business Combination is treated as the equivalent of Legacy GBT issuing shares for the net assets of APSG, accompanied by a recapitalization. The net assets of APSG are recognized at fair value (which is expected to be consistent with carrying value as APSG’s net assets primarily comprise of Investments held in Trust Account), with no goodwill or other intangible assets recorded. Operations prior to the Business Combination are those of Legacy GBT.

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined balance sheet as of March 31, 2022 presents the pro forma effect of the Business Combination and related transactions as if they had occurred on March 31, 2022. The unaudited pro forma condensed combined statements of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and for the year ended December 31, 2021 presents the pro forma effect of the Business Combination, the Egencia Acquisition and related transactions as if they had been completed on January 1, 2021. These periods are presented on the basis of Legacy GBT as the accounting acquirer.

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information should be read in conjunction with the following materials:

the accompanying notes to the unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial statements;
the historical unaudited financial statements of APSG as of, and for the three months ended, March 31, 2022;
the historical unaudited financial statements of Legacy GBT as of, and for the three months ended, March 31, 2022;
the historical audited financial statements of APSG as of, and for the year ended, December 31, 2021;
the historical audited financial statements of Legacy GBT as of, and for the year ended, December 31, 2021; and
the sections titled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and other financial information included in this prospectus.

Management has made significant estimates and assumptions in its determination of the pro forma adjustments (“Transaction Accounting Adjustments”). As the unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information has been prepared based on these preliminary estimates, the final amounts recorded may differ materially from the information presented.

The following unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information has been prepared in accordance with Article 11 of Regulation S-X as amended by the final rule, Release No. 33-10786 “Amendments to Financial Disclosures about Acquired and Disposed Businesses.” The unaudited pro forma combined financial information reflects transaction related adjustments management believes are necessary to present fairly Legacy GBT’s pro forma results of operations and financial position following the Closing as of and for the periods indicated. The related transaction accounting adjustments are based on currently available information and assumptions management believes are, under the circumstances and given the information available at this time, reasonable, and reflective of adjustments necessary to report Legacy GBT’s financial condition and results of operations as if the Business Combination was completed as of the date indicated. Therefore, it is likely that the actual adjustments will differ from the pro forma adjustments and it is possible the difference may be material.

Egencia’s historical financial information has been presented on a “carve-out” basis from Expedia’s consolidated financial statements using the historical results of operations, cash flows, assets and liabilities of Egencia and includes allocations of corporate expenses and shared expenses from Expedia. These allocations reflect significant assumptions, and the financial statements may not

49

fully reflect what Egencia’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows would have been had it been a standalone company during the periods presented. As a result, historical financial information is not necessarily indicative of Egencia’s future results of operations, financial position or cash flows.

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information does not give effect to any anticipated synergies, operating efficiencies, tax savings, or cost savings that may be associated with the Business Combination, the Egencia Acquisition and related transactions.

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information is not necessarily indicative of what the actual results of operations and financial position would have been had the Business Combination, Egencia Acquisition and related transactions taken place on the dates indicated, nor are they indicative of our future consolidated results of operations or financial position. They should be read in conjunction with the audited annual financial statements and quarterly financial statements of each of APSG, Legacy GBT and Egencia and related notes thereto included in this prospectus.

The unaudited condensed pro forma adjustments, which are described in the accompanying notes, may be revised as additional information becomes available and is evaluated.

Note 2 — Unaudited pro forma adjustments related to Egencia Acquisition

The historical consolidated financial information of Legacy GBT is derived from its consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this prospectus and includes results of Egencia since the date of its acquisition on November 1, 2021. The historical balance sheet of Legacy GBT as of March 31, 2022 includes provisional purchase accounting adjustments related to the Egencia Acquisition. On November 1, 2021, Legacy GBT acquired Egencia from Expedia. As part of the Egencia Acquisition’s purchase consideration, Expedia became an indirect holder of non-voting ordinary shares of Legacy GBT, which represents approximately 19% of the equity interests of Legacy GBT, excluding the preferred shares and profit shares of Legacy GBT, GBT MIP Options and GBT MIP Shares. On Closing, and as contemplated by the Egencia Acquisition, Expedia became a direct equity holder in GBT. Such equity interest is subject to changes based on final debt/cash and working capital adjustments and we have estimated that the extent of such adjustments is not expected to be material. The pro forma adjustments presented above assume that no additional consideration would be required to be paid to Expedia.

Under the acquisition method of accounting, the identifiable assets acquired, and liabilities assumed are recorded at the acquisition date fair values. The pro forma acquisition adjustments are provisional and based on (i) initial fair valuations of purchase consideration, assets acquired and liabilities assumed, and (ii) estimated useful lives of the assets. These pro forma acquisition adjustments illustrate the estimated effect of the Egencia Acquisition on the pro forma consolidated statements of operations. For all assets acquired and liabilities assumed other than acquired technology, identified intangible assets and goodwill, the fair value is determined to be the same as its carrying value. Management continues to evaluate the provisional valuations and the final determination of the fair values will be completed within the one-year measurement period from the date of completion of the acquisition, as required by Accounting Standard Codification Topic 805 — Business Combinations. The significance of the Egencia Acquisition may necessitate the use of this measurement period to adequately analyze and assess a number of the factors used in establishing the asset and liability fair values as of the acquisition date, including customer relationships, tradenames and technology and the assumptions underpinning the related tax impacts. Any potential adjustments made could be material in relation to the provisional values presented in the consolidated balance sheet and pro forma consolidated statements of operations. Accordingly, the purchase price allocation may be subject to further adjustment as additional information becomes available and as additional analyses are completed. There can be no assurances that these additional analyses will not result in significant changes to the estimates of fair value set forth below.

(i)In connection with the Egencia Equity Contribution Agreement, the Company has entered into a long-term hotel supply agreement whereby Legacy GBT will receive hotel commission revenue from Expedia for the hotel bookings made by Egencia on Expedia’s platform. Historically Egencia has recorded the entire hotel commission in its financial statements. The adjustment represents reversal of Expedia’s share of hotel commission revenue from the combined results pursuant to this agreement, and for the ten months ended October 31, 2021, Legacy GBT has estimated that a total of $22 million would have been share of Expedia’s hotel commission revenue under such agreement if the agreement had been in effect as of January 1, 2021.
(ii)Represents:

50

(1)Reversal of the acquisition transaction costs of $13 million included in the historical statements of operations of Legacy GBT for the year ended December 31, 2021 and
(2)Amortization of deferred compensation asset recognized on the Egencia Acquisition of $7 million for the nine months ended October 31, 2021.
(iii)Represents additional amortization expense resulting from the fair value of Egencia’s acquired intangible assets. The table below indicates the fair values, estimated useful lives and the annual amortization of each of the identifiable acquired intangible asset.

Fair

Annual

($in millions, except as stated otherwise)

    

value

    

Useful lives (years)

    

Amortization

Acquired technology

$

50

 

5

$

10

Customer and Supplier relationships

 

390

 

15

 

26

Tradenames

 

50

 

10

 

5

Annual estimated additional amortization

 

  

 

  

 

41

The pro forma adjustment represents the net additional amount recorded for the ten months ended October 31, 2021 to include the impact of amortization of intangibles assets acquired on business combination, after considering reversal of related depreciation and amortization recorded in historical accounts.

(iv)Represents the tax adjustment for the pro forma adjustments of Egencia Acquisition calculated at 28%.

Note 3 — Unaudited pro forma adjustments related to Business Combination

The adjustments included in the unaudited pro forma condensed combined balance sheet as of March 31, 2022 are as follows:

(a)Represents the aggregate impact of the following pro forma adjustments to cash to give effect to the Business Combination:

(Signs represent cash inflow (outflow))

    

Cash inflow from APSG Trust Account

$

818

(c)

Cash inflow from the PIPE Investment

 

324

(g)

Payment of transaction fees

 

(70)

(d)

Payment to Legacy GBT preferred shareholders

 

(168)

(h)

Release of cash for redemption of shares

 

(776)

(i)

Net Pro Forma Adjustment to Cash

$

128

(a)

(b)Represents deferred offering costs being written off to equity.
(c)Represents cash equivalents that was released from the Trust Account and relieved of restrictions regarding use upon consummation of the Business Combination and, accordingly, became available for general use by GBTG.
(d)Represents the estimated transaction costs incurred in connection with the Business Combination including, but not limited to, advisory fees, legal fees and registration fees that were paid in connection with the consummation of the Business Combination. Of the total amount, (i) $29 million relates to the cash used to pay deferred underwriter compensation that was incurred as part of the APSG IPO and that was to be paid upon the consummation of a business combination by APSG (ii) $7 million related to the cash used to pay APSG notes payable and $5 million related to APSG accounts payable and accrued liabilities for costs incurred in relation to the Business Combination.
(e)Represents amounts due to affiliates that were settled as of the acquisition date.
(f)Represents an accrual for unpaid bankers’ fees related to services provided in connection with the Business Combination.
(g)Reflects the gross cash proceeds of $324 million from the issuance and sale of PIPE Securities at $10.00 per share pursuant to the PIPE Subscription Agreements.

51

(h)Represents the payment of $168 million to holders of Legacy GBT preferred shares , which includes $3 million of dividends accrued for the period from April 1, 2022 to May 27, 2022.
(i)Represents the cash disbursement for the redemption of 77,514,764 shares of Class A Common Stock at a redemption price of approximately $10.00 per share and any income accrued thereon, totaling approximately $776 million.
(j)Elimination of historical retained earnings of APSG as part of the reverse recapitalization accounting.
(k)Reflects the fair value of the Sponsor and Legacy GBT shareholders of earnout shares contingently issued to the Sponsor and the Legacy GBT shareholders as of the Closing. The value was determined utilizing a Monte Carlo simulation analysis in order to capture a wide range of earnout shares vesting scenarios over the five year earnout achievement period. The following assumptions and inputs were used for approximately 20,000 Monte Carlo simulations:

Class A Common Stock price – $9.95

Annual volatility – 35.0%

Risk-free rate of return – 2.42%

(l)Reflects (i) the redemption of 77,514,764 APSG Class A Ordinary Shares and (ii) reclassification of 4,166,236 APSG Class A Ordinary Shares to permanent equity.
(m)Noncontrolling interests represent direct interests held in GBT other than by GBTG immediately after the Business Combination. Reflects the noncontrolling interest ownership of 87.4% ownership of GBTG held by Continuing JerseyCo Owners.
(n)Represents the net US deferred tax liability to be reflected on GBTG’s books for the outside basis difference on its investment in GBT of $(40) million offset by deferred tax assets of $37 million related to foregone US foreign tax credits on GBT’s foreign deferred tax assets.

The pro forma adjustments included in the unaudited pro forma condensed combined statement of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2022 are as follows:

(aa)Reflects the change in fair value of the Sponsor and Legacy GBT shareholders earnout shares.
(bb)Represents an adjustment to record the income tax impact of APSG’s 2022 income statement activity at a statutory rate of 27% assuming US federal and state income taxes would apply after becoming a US resident corporation (Delaware).
(cc)Noncontrolling interests represent direct interests held in GBT other than by APSG immediately after the Business Combination. Reflects the noncontrolling interest ownership of 87.4%.
(dd)Represents an adjustment to eliminate the preferred shares dividend associated with the paydown of Legacy GBT preferred shares upon consummation of the Business Combination.

Note 4 — Earnings per Share

Represents the net earnings per share calculated using the historical weighted average shares outstanding. Pro forma net earnings per share is calculated based on weighted average shares of Class A Common Stock outstanding in connection with the Business Combination, assuming the shares were outstanding since January 1, 2021. As the Business Combination is being reflected as if it had occurred at the beginning of the period presented, the calculation of weighted average shares of Class A Common Stock outstanding for basic and diluted net income (loss) per share assumes that the shares of Class A Common Stock issuable in connection with the Business Combination have been outstanding for the entire period presented. The Company uses the two-class method to compute basic and diluted earnings per common share. In periods of net loss, no effect was given to the Company’s participating securities as they did not contractually participate in the losses of the Company.

52

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information has been presented after considering actual redemptions of APSG shares:

For the Three 

Months Ended

    

March 31, 

2022

Pro Forma Basic and Diluted Loss Per Share

Pro Forma net loss attributable to shareholders (in $millions)

$

(13)

Weighted average shares outstanding, basic and diluted

 

56,945,033

Basic and diluted net loss per share

$

(0.23)

(1)Potentially dilutive securities that are not included in the calculation of diluted net loss per share consist of 36,535,801 shares of Class A Common Stock that may be issued upon the exercise of 36,535,801 GBTG Options to purchase Class A Common Stock, 39,451,134 shares of Class A Common Stock that may be issued upon exercise of warrants and 15,000,000 Legacy GBT shareholders earnout shares. These securities are not included in the diluted net loss per share calculation because to do so would be anti-dilutive due to the Pro Forma consolidated net loss results for the three months ended March 31, 2022.

Note 5 — Long-term Debt

Effective as of December 16, 2021, the Senior Secured Credit Agreement was amended to, among other things, establish the $1,000 million Senior Secured New Tranche B-3 Term Loan Facilities, $800 million of which was borrowed on such date and $200 million of which was available on a delayed-draw basis for a six-month period after the date of such initial borrowings, subject to certain customary borrowing conditions. On May 19, 2022, a principal amount of $100 million of term loans were borrowed from such $200 million of delayed draw commitments under the Senior Secured New Tranche B-3 Term Loan Facilities. On June 9, 2022, a principal amount of $100 million of additional term loans were borrowed from the last remaining delayed draw commitments under the Senior Secured New Tranche B-3 Term Loan Facilities. For additional information, see “Business — Description of Certain Indebtedness — Senior Secured Credit Agreement — Term Loan Facilities.” The aggregate $200 million of delayed draw term loans that were borrowed in May and June 2022 under the Senior Secured New Tranche B-3 Term Loan Facilities are not included in the unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information.

53

BUSINESS

Unless the context otherwise requires, all references in this section to the “Company,” “our,” “we” or “us” refer to Global Business Travel Group, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries following the consummation of the Business Combination, other than certain historical information which refers to the business of GBT JerseyCo Limited prior to the consummation of the Business Combination.

Overview

We are the world’s leading B2B travel platform, measured by 2019 TTV, according to Travel Weekly (“2021 Power List,” June 2021, Travel Weekly). We provide a full suite of differentiated, technology-enabled solutions to business travelers and corporate clients, suppliers of travel content (such as airlines, hotels, ground transportation and aggregators) and third party travel agencies. We differentiate our value proposition through our commitment to deliver unrivalled choice, value and experience, with the powerful backing of American Express GBT, to our customers.

We are at the center of the global B2B travel ecosystem, managing the end-to-end logistics of corporate travel and providing an important link between businesses, their employees, travel suppliers and other industry participants. We service our clients in the following ways:

Our travel management solutions (delivered through the portfolio of GBT’s brands, including American Express Global Business Travel, Ovation, Lawyers Travel and Egencia) provide our clients with extensive access to flights, hotel rooms, car rentals and other travel services, including exclusive negotiated content, supported by a full suite of services that allows them to design and operate an efficient travel program and solve complex travel requirements.
GBT Partner Solutions extends our platform to our Network Partners who are TMCs and independent advisors, offering them access to our differentiated content and technology. Through GBT Partner Solutions, we aggregate business travel demand serviced by our Network Partners at low incremental cost, which we believe enhances the economics of our platform, generates increased ROI and expands our geographic and segment footprint.
GBT Supply MarketPlace provides travel suppliers with efficient access to business travel clients serviced by our brands and Network Partners. We believe this access allows travel suppliers to benefit from premium demand (which we generally view as demand that is differentially valuable and profitable to suppliers) without incurring the costs associated with directly marketing to, and servicing, the complex needs of our corporate clients. Our travel supplier relationships generate efficiencies and cost savings that can be passed on to our corporate clients.

As of April 2022, we served approximately 19,000 corporate clients and more than 260 Network Partners.

In June 2014, American Express established the JV comprising the Legacy GBT operations with a predecessor of Juweel and a group of institutional investors led by an affiliate of Certares. Following the formation of the JV in 2014, we have evolved from a leading TMC into a complete B2B travel platform, becoming one of the leading marketplaces in travel for corporate clients and travel suppliers according to Travel Weekly (“2021 Power List,” June 2021, Travel Weekly). Before June 2014, our operations were owned by American Express and primarily consisted of providing business travel solutions for corporate clients.

Prior to the Closing Date, we operated our business travel, business consulting and meetings and events businesses under the brands American Express Global Business Travel and American Express Meetings & Events pursuant to an exclusive and worldwide license from American Express. Effective as of the Closing Date, we executed long-term commercial agreements with American Express, including the A&R Trademark License Agreement, pursuant to which we continue to license the American Express trademarks used in the American Express Global Business Travel brand, continue to license the American Express trademarks used in American Express Meetings & Events (solely during a 12-month transition period) brand, and license the American Express trademarks used in the American Express GBT Meetings & Events brand for business travel, meetings and events, business consulting and other services related to business travel, in each case on an exclusive and worldwide basis. The term of the A&R Trademark License Agreement is for 11 years from the Closing Date, unless earlier terminated or extended (See “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions —GBT Related Party Transactions — License of American Express Marks”). The American Express brand, consistently ranked as one of the most valuable brands in the world, brings with it a reputation for service excellence. We believe our partnership with American Express has been an important component of our value proposition. Under our commercial agreements with American Express, we exclusively provide business travel and meetings and events services to American Express

54

personnel, subject to limited exceptions, engage in mutual global lead generation activities with American Express for our respective services and continue to exclusively promote American Express payment products to our clients and to make those products available for use by our own personnel in connection with our business.

American Express is a bank holding company under the BHC Act, and is therefore subject to supervision, regulation and examination by U.S. bank regulatory authorities. Because and for so long as American Express “controls” GBT for the purposes of the BHC Act, GBT is subject to certain bank regulatory requirements and restrictions. For additional information, see “Risk Factors — Risks Relating to Regulatory, Tax and Litigation Matters,” “Business — Government Regulation — Banking Regulation,” “Business — Government Regulation — Activities” and “Business — Government Regulation — Acquisitions and Investments.”

From 2015 (the first full fiscal year following the formation of the JV) through 2019, we added more than $790 million in revenue (representing a CAGR of 11%), $235 million in net income and $290 million in Adjusted EBITDA (representing a CAGR of 33%). In addition, we completed two acquisitions in 2021: Egencia and Ovation. The acquisition of Ovation has been included in Legacy GBT’s historical financial results from the date of its acquisition in January 2021, and Legacy GBT’s historical financial results the acquisition of Egencia as of the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2022. There can be no assurance that our historical growth from 2015 or 2019 will be replicated in the future. Our business is susceptible to substantial disruptions, as described in “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this prospectus. In particular, for information on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on business travel and the Company, see “Business — Recent Performance and COVID-19 Update” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Key Factors Affecting Our Results of Operations — Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic.”

Since the formation of the JV, we have expanded our capabilities, integrated new brands through acquisitions, and invested more than $600 million in product and platform, excluding Egencia. In addition to our organic transformation since the formation of the JV, we have added significant capabilities through strategic acquisitions. The graphic below reflects such transactions:

Graphic

KDS, which we acquired in October 2016, strengthened our platform and digital capabilities in two key areas: (i) KDS’ flagship Neo Online Booking Tool and Expense platform (“Neo”) provides us with our own leading edge platform to engage with and delight travelers through digital channels; and (ii) KDS’ development group, relaunched as our Neo Technology Group (“NTG”), today comprises more than 200 people and is our dedicated center of excellence for digital and ecommerce innovation.

SMT was our long-time service delivery partner (TPN) in Finland, and became our proprietary operation in October 2016.
Banks Sadler is a UK-based specialist in creative solutions for meetings and events. We acquired Banks Sadler in August 2017, and it continues to operate as a specialist brand within our meetings and events business.
In December 2017, we acquired the remaining 35% equity stake in our business in Spain that was previously held by joint venture partner, affiliates of Barceló Hotel Group. After the consummation of this acquisition, GBT Spain became our wholly-owned business.
In July 2018, we completed the acquisition of Hogg Robinson Group Limited (“HRG”), a global B2B services company specializing in travel management. The acquisition of HRG enhanced our global scale, complemented our geographical footprint to offer enhanced service to our clients in key regions, and broadened our product and technology capabilities.
In September 2019, we completed the acquisition of DER Business Travel (“DER”). The DER acquisition expanded our footprint into the small-to-medium-sized enterprise (“SME”) segment in Germany, the largest country by travel spend in Europe according to Global Business Travel Association (“GBTA”) with a significant SME client base.

55

Our acquisition of 30 Seconds to Fly (“30STF”) in October 2020 was an important investment in AI and machine learning enabled traveler service. 30STF’s innovative CLAIRE AI can fully or partially automate travelers’ chat interactions with travel counselors, driving traveler satisfaction as well as operational efficiency.

In addition, we completed two acquisitions in 2021:

In January 2021, we completed the acquisition of Ovation. Ovation is a leading specialist in providing high-touch service. The Ovation acquisition was an important step in expanding our high value capabilities and building our leadership in the large and attractive U.S. SME segment and the professional services industry. Our historical results of 2021 included in this prospectus reflect the results of Ovations from the date of its acquisition in January 2021.
The Egencia Acquisition, which was completed on November 1, 2021, (i) substantially enhances our capabilities in the SME segment to significantly broaden our addressable client base; (ii) complements our SME value proposition with Egencia’s software solution specifically built for “digital-first” SME clients who want a seamless program that delivers full traveler tools and control at a lower cost; and (iii) provides leading edge traveler and client experience, as well as innovation capability powered by an experienced, proven travel technology talent base. For additional information, see “Business — Egencia Acquisition.” Our historical results included in this prospectus reflect the results of the Egencia Acquisition as of the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2022.

GBT’s operations are headquartered in London, United Kingdom, and as of May 31, 2022, we had approximately 17,000 employees worldwide with a proprietary presence or operations in 31 countries. We service clients in the rest of the world through our TPN. According to GBTA, the 31 countries in which we have a proprietary presence represent approximately 86% of business travel spend worldwide, including Egencia.

During the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, we generated TTV in excess of $27.7 billion and $25.1 billion, respectively, resulting in revenues of $2,119 million and $1,899 million, respectively, net income of $138 million and $22 million, respectively, and Adjusted EBITDA of $428 million and $311 million, respectively. As a point of reference, Egencia generated TTV of $8.4 billion and Ovation $1.2 billion in 2019; these amounts are not included the aforementioned result. See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Key Operating and Financial Metrics — Non-GAAP Financial Measures” for additional information about our non-GAAP measures and a reconciliation to the most directly comparable financial measures calculated in accordance with GAAP. A discussion of the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on our 2020 performance, mitigating actions taken by us and potential implications for our future performance is discussed in more detail below under “Business — Recent Performance and COVID-19 Update.”

Although the COVID-19 pandemic significantly disrupted our operations in 2020 and 2021, during our years of normalized operations, we have delivered strong revenue and Adjusted EBITDA growth:

Graphic

56

Key Factors Affecting Our Results of Operations
Industry Overview and Competitive Landscape

Over the past 60 years, travel and tourism has been one of the largest and fastest-growing economic sectors, representing $9.2 trillion in spend, or 10.4% of global GDP in 2019, according to the World Travel & Tourism Council (“Travel & Tourism: Economic Impact 2021,” April 2021). The travel industry can generally be divided into two sectors: (i) the leisure travel sector, which serves individuals who make reservations for vacation and personal travel, and (ii) the business travel sector, which serves corporate clients that require travel by employees and other travelers for business needs and meetings. We focus primarily on the business travel sector.

According to GBTA, global business travel was an estimated $1.4 trillion industry in 2019 with decades of historical secular growth through economic cycles. Through the last two economic cycles (2000-2019), global business travel spend grew by an estimated CAGR of 4.4% compared to 3.7% real global GDP growth rate over the same period (“GBTA BTI Outlook Annual Global Report & Forecast: Prospects for Global Business Travel 2020-2024,” January 2021, Global Business Travel Association). We believe this growth, in excess of real GDP growth, evidences the sustained role business travel plays as a driver of business and economic growth around the world. The COVID-19 pandemic severely restricted the level of economic activity around the world and has continued to have an unprecedented effect on the global travel industry, decreasing business travel significantly below 2019 levels. Accordingly, CAGR calculations that include the year ended December 31, 2020 and year ended December 31, 2021 are not presented in this prospectus because we do not believe those results are indicative of the Company’s normal operations and the travel industry more generally due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. We believe the historical track record of growth and the emergent recovery of business travel as travel restrictions have been relaxed supports the fundamental growth drivers and long-term growth potential of business travel worldwide in the future. However, the profile, extent and timing of economic and travel recovery and the pace of future growth remains inherently uncertain given the nature of the COVID-19 pandemic and changes to business practices that may become permanent and reduce the need for business travel. There can be no assurance that any emerging growth patterns will continue or that we will replicate our historical growth in the future. For information on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on business travel, see “Business — Recent Performance and COVID-19 Update,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Key Factors Affecting Our Results of Operations — Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic” and “Risk Factors — Risks Relating to Our Business and Industry.”

Business travel can be managed or unmanaged. Where business travel is unmanaged, travelers procure travel from, and are serviced by, B2C channels largely outside of corporate clients’ immediate oversight and control. Where business travel is managed, corporate clients choose a TMC through which its travelers procure travel and travel services. Through a TMC, corporate clients benefit from savings from demand aggregation, access to supplier content, effective fulfilment of corporate clients’ obligations to ensure the safety and well-being of their employees when traveling for business, and enhanced control over travel spending, among many other benefits.

We estimate that approximately 52% to 65% of business travel spend in the U.S., and approximately 40% of business travel spend in Europe, was managed in recent years. We believe that a majority of unmanaged business travel spend is driven by SMEs, which we believe provides us with a significant growth opportunity given our strong SME client base in B2B travel. Additionally, we estimate that the growth trends in our SME business, as well as the number of TMCs that currently focus on SMEs, indicate a greater demand for unmanaged travel by SMEs.

We are the world’s leading B2B travel platform based on 2019 TTV according to Travel Weekly. We estimate that the top 10 TMCs, including GBT and Egencia as separate entities, in aggregate accounted for approximately $120 billion in business travel TTV in 2019, or less than 10% of total business travel spend worldwide (“2020 Power List,” January 2020, Travel Weekly).

Many TMCs serve a mix of corporate clients. However, corporate clients have a range of different needs and priorities, and many TMCs focus on core capabilities aligned with the needs of their target clients. We differentiate our solutions to customers through a commitment to unrivaled choice through our portfolio of solutions, including specialist brands that target some of the most attractive segments in business travel; unrivaled value we deliver through comprehensive content and significant savings; and unrivaled traveler and customer experiences our platform offers across all our solutions and brands. We believe this differentiation is further enhanced by our brand promise — the Powerful Backing of American Express GBT:

Unrivaled Choice

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Global Servicing with Sophisticated Capabilities: Many clients have global operations, and this is often combined with organizational size and complexity to drive a wide range of sophisticated travel program needs. Often this includes travel management at global and local level, a mix of insourced and outsourced processes and an ecosystem of tools and technology that varies for each client. Additionally, travel programs interface with processes and systems of other corporate functions (such as Finance, HR, sustainability, risk and compliance for example). We are differentiated by our complete solution designed to solve for this complexity: we support travelers and travel managers at a local and global level, through a consistent and flexible service infrastructure and technology backbone with a comprehensive stable of traveler service and travel management solutions configured for the client. The GBT offer spans complete outsourcing of an entire travel program for even the largest and most complex of our clients, to point solutions that seamlessly integrate into our clients’ travel management program and deliver on their specific needs.
SME-Focused Client and Traveler Service, Including Specialized Brands: SMEs typically request solutions that range from agile and turnkey to global and comprehensive. Our SME offers are tailored to SME client needs, for example, for an owner-managed SME, or a SME with operations in more than one country. Our SME value proposition is differentiated by being designed to provide the flexibility to meet this range of needs of SME clients. Our specialized Ovation and Lawyers Travel brands and the Egencia brand, provide even more focused offerings to segments within SME where this is important and valued.
Unrivaled Experience
Leading Human (24/7 global customer service) and Digital traveler and customer experience powered by cutting edge Proprietary Platform: Ownership of the digital experience is a critical success factor in many customer segments, as a simple, easy to use, intuitive traveler and client digital experience often drives the buying decision. We, through Neo and Egencia, are differentiated in this capability at global scale. Most new technology-based TMCs are focused on building this capability. We believe that our proven digital offer, which is further strengthened by the Egencia Acquisition, differentiates us to these clients. We believe that our ability to offer the seamless combination of digital experience with the expertise of our travel counselors and customer relationship managers is a compelling differentiator and provides us with leading value propositions in the most valuable customer segments.
Unrivaled Value
Comprehensive Content and Superior Value: While our clients have distinct service needs, the need for access to comprehensive content and best value through savings and amenities is ubiquitous across our client base. The GBT Supply MarketPlace delivers on this need with comprehensive content and superior value. The combination of solving the distinct needs of clients and travelers through tailored segment propositions and delivering the value of the GBT Supply MarketPlace across our entire client base underpins our differentiation.
The Powerful Backing of American Express GBT
We believe that operating to a higher standard in relation to the Environment, Social Responsibility and Governance is integral to our success with customers and suppliers, and to attracting and retaining the best talent in the industry and is the cornerstone of our brand promise.

We believe that we benefit from our proven track record, reputation for service, capacity and capability to adapt to emerging needs and ability to invest in better solutions, and that these attributes will continue to support our business in the future. In particular, we believe that the following long-term structural trends have emphasized the increasingly important role of a well-managed travel program in effectively and efficiently solving critical business problems:

A growing emphasis on employee safety and well-being and the need for robust, high-quality, sophisticated solutions that help businesses deliver on their obligations to employees when they travel, increasing employee satisfaction;
Corporate clients seeking partners with a demonstrated commitment to high-quality service despite periods of significant disruption and uncertainty;
The rising value of technology platforms that can adapt quickly to emerging needs and support an increasingly digitally enabled workforce, supported by investments in innovation;

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Corporate clients demanding a higher standard of cybersecurity and data privacy and seeking partners committed to protecting client and traveler data;
Increasingly fragmented content, highlighting the attractiveness of a platform that delivers extensive access to content and simplifies the purchasing process;
Corporate clients continuing to seek more control and visibility over their travel program costs, which benefits TMCs that offer a broader range of content and higher savings; and
Corporate clients seeking partnerships with TMCs that share their ambitions for more responsible and sustainable travel with solutions and clear roadmaps that support these ambitions.

We believe that we benefit from these long-term structural trends by combining:

The world’s leading B2B travel platform by 2019 TTV;
A diverse brand portfolio;
A track record of exceptional client and traveler support;
Comprehensive and differentiated content and experiences that drive improved savings and value; and
Operations that meet high standards in cyber security, data privacy and sustainability.
Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic

During 2020 and 2021, the COVID-19 pandemic severely restricted the level of economic activity around the world and has continued to have an unprecedented effect on the global travel industry. Government measures implemented to contain the spread of COVID-19, such as imposing restrictions on travel and business operations and advising or requiring individuals to limit or forgo time outside of their homes, continue to limit business travel significantly below 2019 levels.

Global travel activity has since shown a recovery trend in the first half of 2022, reaching approximately 70% of 2019 volumes as of May 2022. Even while travel activity remained low during the COVID-19 pandemic, the need for high-quality managed travel solutions that ensure safe and effective travel has increased and continues to increase. We believe this signals a change in the long-term structural needs of corporate clients, which will benefit us. This is evidenced by our strong growth by newly won client expected annual value and growth in client satisfaction performance since March 2020, despite the disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Additionally, by addressing the increasingly sophisticated needs of corporate clients efficiently and effectively, we believe we further enhance our value to our travel suppliers. This is evidenced by the renewal of 17 of our top 20 travel supplier contracts at equal or better terms since March 2020, despite the COVID-19 pandemic. We believe this is a testament to our deep relationships with travel suppliers and our role as an increasingly valuable long-term partner in reaching and serving premium corporate demand.

We believe our decisive response during the COVID-19 pandemic to protect and continue to invest in our clients and travelers further strengthened our competitive position. We:

Rapidly adapted to a flexible operating model that consistently delivers a high standard of service while protecting business performance;
Continued to invest in our platform, focusing on key areas such as digital experience and e-commerce;
Further expanded our scale and capabilities through strategic acquisitions (such as Ovation and Egencia); and
Enhanced the resilience of our revenue streams and delivered significant cost efficiencies.

Given the resurgence of travel, indicated by recent volume trends, we believe we are positioned to capitalize on these trends and strengthen our value proposition. A more detailed overview of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the business travel industry

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and our performance is set forth below under “Business — Recent Performance and COVID-19 Update” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Key Factors Affecting Our Results of Operations — Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic.”

Value Proposition

We serve and create value for clients, travel suppliers and Network Partners in two ways: (i) by enabling an efficient marketplace for travel transactions through traveler service, content and distribution; and (ii) by offering a suite of products, technology and professional services that enable effective and efficient management of corporate travel programs.

Amex GBT Value Proposition: Provide Solutions to Critical Problems for Customers, Travelers, and Suppliers

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Clients: As of April 2022, we served approximately 19,000 corporate clients spanning a wide range of end markets, including business and financial services, industrial, technology, healthcare, legal and other industries. During 2018 and 2019, less than 40% of customer driven revenue, including supplier revenue, was generated by our top 50 clients and no single client accounted for more than 3% of such revenue.

We deliver:

A single source for content (including flights, hotel rooms, car rentals and other services) from our expansive network of travel suppliers;
A combination of broad content choices, differentiated GBT content and amenities (the “Preferred Extras”) and client-specific sourcing programs that drive meaningful savings relative to unmanaged travel programs and other TMCs;
Omnichannel (online, voice, mobile) tools to seamlessly book and plan complex itineraries, as well as full integration into Neo and other third party expense platforms;
24/7, high-touch, global customer service;
A full suite of travel management tools and services, including (i) traveler care tools designed to help ensure the safety and well-being of travelers, (ii) travel spend analysis, travel policy development and governance, (iii) consulting with respect to

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responsible travel and environmental sustainability and (iv) offerings to partially or fully outsource clients’ travel program, including procurement, consulting and operations;
End-to-end integration into client environments to facilitate compliance, human resources, finance and administrative functions; and
Extensive meeting and event planning capabilities, including preparing event proposals, budgeting, venue sourcing, research and coordination among other services under the American Express Meetings & Events brand (which was transitioned to the American Express GBT Meetings & Events brand effective upon the Closing) and the Banks Sadler brand.

We focus on key client segments, which are serviced through our portfolio of brands, each of which we believe has a leading value proposition in its respective target segments. As of December 2021 (and excluding Egencia), our corporate client base included:

40 of the Business Travel News Corporate Travel 100, the top 100 corporations in the U.S. by business travel spend (“2020 Corporate Travel 100,” October 2020, Business Travel News);
Five of the 10 largest US Banks (Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council, largest holding companies by total assets as of 30 June 2021); five of the top 10 largest Pharmaceutical Companies by revenue (Pharmaceutical Executive, Volume 41, Issue 6, June 2021); three of four Big Four Accounting Firms;
Five of the top 10 “best companies to work for” (“Fortune 500” and “100 Best Companies to Work For,” 2021, FORTUNE); and
Many of the most valuable corporations in Europe, including 19 of the FTSE 100, 11 of the DAX 30 and 16 of the CAC 40.

We estimate SMEs represented approximately 40% of our 2019 TTV. The SME segment is highly competitive and fragmented, but we believe we have one of the most compelling offerings to SME client bases in B2B travel. Through our Ovation and Egencia acquisitions in 2021, we have reaffirmed our commitment to building a leading presence in the SME segment. Our SME-focused brands are also well positioned in premium segments and across various industries. For example, 58 of the AmLaw 100 law firms are Lawyers Travel and American Express Global Business Travel clients (“The 2021 Am Law 100: Ranked by Gross Revenue,” April 2021, The American Lawyer).

Travel Suppliers: Our travel suppliers include airlines, individual hotels and hotel groups, hotel aggregators, car rental companies, rail transportation providers and all three major GDSs. Our longstanding and valuable supplier relationships allow us to benefit from our marketplace with one of the largest concentrations of premium demand in travel. We believe that business demand is differentially important to travel suppliers due to their higher profitability and the high costs of marketing to and serving this demand directly. We are not only one of the largest single sources of business travel demand globally in terms of TTV, but we believe we also have a higher value (in terms of average ticket value and share of first and business class cabins) client base compared to the typical B2B travel benchmark.

Our value to travel suppliers is built on efficient access to premium business travelers, combined with solutions that help them effectively market their content and service offerings, including:

A technology platform distributing content to our approximately 19,000 corporate clients across a wide range of POS;
Managing a highly complex retail environment on behalf of travel suppliers, including client-specific content, fares and POS integrations;
Analytics and other solutions that help travel suppliers make better retail decisions;
Acting as an extension of the supplier salesforce to our clients; and
Superior capabilities that allow us to service those clients in challenging or unpredictable environments.

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We believe we offer access to and service this premium demand more cost-effectively, and with a broader and deeper value proposition, than travel suppliers could themselves. We allow travel suppliers to avoid significant investment in marketing, technology, servicing resources and infrastructure. This in turn helps drive superior value and economics for travel suppliers and our clients who benefit from savings and extra amenities and perks, such as complimentary Wi-Fi, breakfast, last-room availability and loyalty benefits, compared to publicly available fares.

Network Partners: Through GBT Partner Solutions, we extend our platform, including our negotiated content, supplier contracts and distribution and POS retailing technology to more than 260 Network Partners. We believe the GBT Partner Solutions value proposition is compelling for Network Partners by providing:

Significantly improved revenue capacity through better content management and retailing capabilities;
Differentiated content and experiences that distinguish our Network Partners from their competitors; and
Technology designed to solve critical problems for TMCs that are less capable of making these investments.

Business Model

As noted in the graphic below, our value proposition creates our competitive advantage and is driven by the synergies that drive value for all users of our platform.

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We deliver value to all our clients through our high-quality service, comprehensive and exclusive content and experiences, savings on travel spend and differentiated technology-enabled solutions. We deliver this through the compelling combination of tailored value propositions targeted at attractive client segments in business travel reinforced by dedicated brands, and the significant value created by the GBT platform that powers our brands and Network Partners.
We have one of the largest concentrations of premium demand in travel worldwide. Business travel is important to travel suppliers due to its significant contribution to profitability driven by more first and business class cabin bookings, fewer advance purchases and more flexible tickets. By aggregating business travel demand, we are a valuable partner to travel suppliers.
Our platform provides travel suppliers with efficient access to our valuable client base, creating a strong incentive for travel suppliers to deliver more content, better experiences and increased savings. Serving high value corporate clients is a significant investment in technology, service resources, infrastructure and capabilities. The volume of business travel we manage and our efficient platform enables us to make and sustain this investment at compelling economics for both clients and travel suppliers. This creates margin headroom for travel suppliers to offer differentiated value through savings, content

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and experiences commensurate with the differentiated value of this demand to them. These savings and benefits make our value proposition even more compelling for our clients. Moreover, we benefit from premium economics and capacity to invest in our platform and in inorganic expansion of platform scale and capability. Our clients and suppliers benefit from the incremental value created by these investments through more services and solutions, better client and traveler experiences and a more efficient platform.
Our end-to-end ownership of our technology platform, from connectivity to sources that supply to our POS, allows us to deploy investments efficiently and generate extensive benefits for our clients and travel suppliers. In addition, our strategic acquisitions help us build scale and add capabilities. We believe that our continued innovation and development of our platform makes us more competitive.
Our Revenue Model

We generate revenue in two primary ways — (1) fees and other revenues relating to processing and servicing travel transactions (“Travel Revenues”) received from clients and travel suppliers and (2) revenues for the provision of products and professional services not directly related to transactions (“Product and Professional Services Revenues”) received from clients, travel suppliers and Network Partners.

Travel Revenues: Travel Revenues, which comprised 76% of our revenue in 2019, include all revenue relating to servicing a travel transaction, which can be air, hotel, car rental, rail or other travel-related bookings or reservations, cancellations, exchanges or refunds. The major components of our Travel Revenues are:

Client Fees: We typically charge clients transaction fees for arranging travel.
Supplier Fees: Travel suppliers pay us for distributing and promoting their content. The mechanism varies by supplier, but the amount is usually a volume-linked fee. This includes fees from the three major GDSs.

Product and Professional Services Revenues: We receive revenue from clients, travel suppliers and Network Partners for using our platform, products and value-added services, which comprised 24% of our revenue in 2019.

Management Fees: Many clients request a contractually fixed, dedicated staffing pool to serve their travelers for part or all of their business travel. In these cases, we use a cost-recovery-plus-margin pricing structure instead of a transaction fee. Client management resources and overhead allocations are also included in this management fee.
Products Revenues: We provide a broad range of business travel management tools used by clients to manage their travel programs. Revenue for these solutions usually takes the form of recurring subscriptions or management fees.
Consulting and Meetings and Events Revenues: Consulting revenues (including outsourcing to us of part, or all, of a client’s travel program management) are usually a fixed fee for delivery of a certain engagement (such as company travel policy design). Meetings and events revenue is based on fees for booking, planning and managing meetings and events.
Other Revenues: Other revenues typically include certain marketing and advertising fees from travel suppliers, as well as direct revenues from our Network Partners (excludes certain supplier fees that are indirectly driven by Network Partners’ contribution to aggregate volumes).
Technology

Since the formation of the JV in 2014, we have spent approximately $1.4 billion, including Egencia, on product and platform, to create a global platform that powers travel distribution, servicing and corporate travel programs. We continue to implement focused, high-impact enhancements to our technology platform and solutions in order to continually improve our value proposition to our clients, travel suppliers and Network Partners.

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Technology Investments Create a Sustainable Competitive Advantage

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Our technology investment has centered on three key strategic goals:

Creating a custom-built technology infrastructure to power our platform and maintain robust privacy and data security;
Developing an omnichannel core platform capable of powering a global travel program at scale, including an e-commerce platform that provides content for our clients and seamless distribution for our travel suppliers; and
Creating seamless travel experiences founded upon an integrated suite of digital products.

We began with a product and technology strategy to own all core needs and develop a modern, agile, flexible, globally consistent and secure platform. In 2016, we released the first phase of our omnichannel core platform, which today consists of our global profile solution, global trip record repository, and GBT Supply MarketPlace with content and an expansive data repository that houses most of our trip and traveler data. The core platform is designed to support our own proprietary solutions as well as an ecosystem of third party products and solutions in order to offer clients the broadest choice in how they design and configure their travel programs.

In 2018, we completed the full separation of our infrastructure from American Express, including our global telephony systems and network.

Over the last two years, we have accelerated our strategy of delivering capabilities to our clients, travel suppliers and Network Partners. We relaunched KDS (acquired in 2016) as NTG in 2019. NTG is our innovation engine and the center of excellence for all of our digital and e-commerce development. In 2020, we added new features to support clients and travelers during the COVID-19 pandemic, such as Travel Vitals, which delivers critical travel information and advisories.

With the completion of the Egencia Acquisition, we strengthened our digital and e-commerce capabilities; Egencia brings a compelling and integrated end-to-end B2B software solution to our clients. The synergies we gain from the Egencia Acquisition are underpinned by a platform and innovation capability designed to serve travelers and clients with a differentiated digital experience in target segments, and is highly complementary and accretive to our business. For additional information, see “Business — Egencia Acquisition” and “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions —GBT Related Party Transactions — Arrangements with Shareholders — Arrangements Relating to GBT’s Acquisitions of HRG and Egencia.”

We currently offer over 50 distinct technology-enabled products intended to address specific, high-impact problems for our clients. In addition to these capabilities, we support seamless integrations with over 100 third party solutions that are commonly used by our clients. Our products and third party integrations continue to grow as travel programs and needs evolve, and our core platform is central to our ability to quickly and efficiently develop, deploy and improve solutions across our client base globally.

We have a robust set of global capabilities that meet the needs of some of the most sophisticated global travel programs as well as the most digitally savvy frequent travelers. Travel management solutions include policy and compliance management, trip approvals, unused ticket management, full featured reporting (including data, analytics and insights), traveler care tools designed to help ensure

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traveler safety and well­being, and continuous rate search. For the traveler, a digital suite of solutions enables information, communication, booking and travel management where they want it to be: online, on mobile and by e-mail, as well as by chat with travel counselors through GBT’s Mobile App, iMessage, Android Message, WhatsApp and additional channels. Our platform also supports our travel counselors, which enables personalized servicing, proactive traveler care (we reach out to travelers during disruptions before they even know to call us) and robust transaction services all supported by workforce management tools.

Our Competitive Strengths

We attribute our success and historical performance to the following key strengths that we believe differentiate us from our competition:

World’s leading B2B travel platform by 2019 TTV with a multi-brand portfolio serving corporate clients (“2021 Power List,” June 2021, Travel Weekly);
High-quality client base with track record of attractive retention rates and new business growth;
Traveler-centric, omnichannel service model;
Relationships with top-tier travel suppliers driven by value proposition;
Cutting-edge proprietary technology platform seamlessly integrated into our operations;
Industry-leading standard of sustainability;
Attractive financial profile with diversified revenue streams and a flexible cost structure; and
Management team with industry-leading experience.
World’s Leading B2B Travel Platform by 2019 TTV with a Multi-Brand Portfolio Serving Corporate Clients

According to Travel Weekly, based on 2019 TTV, we are the world’s leading B2B travel platform and one of the leading platforms in travel (after leading B2C travel platforms such as Trip.com Group, Expedia Group and Booking Holdings). We offer solutions for demand and supply fragmentation, designed to provide travel suppliers with a cost-efficient channel to reach corporate clients and business travelers, and we own parts of the distribution value chain, including technology, that enable us to differentiate our service and deliver excellence in client and traveler experiences. We deliver an expansive suite of professional and technology services to clients in addition to superior traveler services. We believe these capabilities and services increase the value of our B2B model.

We distinguish ourselves from other B2B travel providers through our multi-brand portfolio that targets premium demand segments in business travel with tailored and leading value propositions.

We serve a range of corporate clients and offer complete business travel solutions that can be designed and configured around client needs and fully integrated into client environments.

Our Ovation and Lawyers Travel brands focus on SME solutions. These brands specialize in providing high-touch service at scale with deep strength in selected industries, including the legal, private equity and entertainment industries.

Egencia is focused on integrated software solutions for SMEs. The Egencia platform is simple and easy to use, provides the “look and feel” of a consumer platform for travelers, and features intuitive integrated travel management solutions. Egencia was designed and built as a software solution for SMEs.

We supplement our portfolio of leading brands, which target attractive segments in B2B travel, with our GBT Partner Solutions proposition. We believe that the combination of our brands and partner solutions provides us with growth options, scalability and capacity for investment in our platform that powers the GBT Flywheel and distinguishes us from our competitors.

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High-quality Client Base with Track Record of Attractive Retention Rates and New Business Growth

Through our multi-brand portfolio, we serve a broad range of corporate clients globally. As of April 2022, we served approximately 19,000 corporate clients worldwide across a diverse range of industries including, among others, business and financial services, industrial, technology, healthcare, legal and other industries. Our brand value propositions are tailored to meet the sophisticated needs of business travel clients, which in turn are valuable to our travel suppliers.

We believe the strength of our value proposition is demonstrated by our track record of attracting and retaining premium demand corporate clients. Our client retention rate was over 95% in 2021. The average tenure of our top 100 clients by TTV is approximately 16 years with more than 81% of our client relationships having a tenure of more than five years. In addition to maintaining our existing clients, our expected annual value from new client wins averaged approximately $2.6 billion over the past three years, with an average win / loss ratio of 2.2x. The foregoing figures do not include Egencia or otherwise relate to the Egencia Acquisition.

Our commitment to supporting our clients through the COVID-19 pandemic has enhanced our value proposition and strengthened our brand and reputation, as demonstrated by our sustained high win rate and client satisfaction ranking through 2020 to date. Specifically, per the July – August 2021 survey commissioned by APSG, the net promoter scores (“NPS”), which measure customer experience and are an indicator of our ability to win new customers and grow with existing customers, was 56 and 52 for Egencia and GBT respectively, each of which were at least three points higher than the closest competitors. In addition we continue to maintain our strong client retention results.

Traveler-Centric, Omnichannel Service Model

We are proud to offer our travelers 24/7 customer service anywhere in the world through a number of service channels. In 2021, 74% of our bookings were through digital channels (such as online booking tools (“OBTs”), the GBT mobile app and instant messaging), including Egencia. Alongside our digital channels, our agent facilitated channels have played a critical role is supporting travelers seeking the expertise and support of our travel counselors in navigating a more complex travel environment.

Our platform is channel-agnostic, ensuring travelers and clients benefit from the full range of our content, savings and solutions regardless of how they choose to engage with us. Where it is valued by our clients, our platform also integrates seamlessly with all major third party OBTs as well as Neo, further enhancing our flexibility.

Our travel counselors are experienced specialists in B2B travel and provide 24/7 global support capabilities. Our service constructs are flexible to match client needs. Within our global client solutions, our tools and infrastructure allow travel counselors to serve any client or traveler anywhere, to the high standard our clients expect of us. Where our clients require deep, personal knowledge of their business and travelers, we dedicate travel counselors to their account and offer on-site service.

Our service footprint includes 31 countries where we have a proprietary presence or operations. Our TPN, which is integrated into our infrastructure and platform, extends this service footprint to our clients in the rest of the world. This broad geographic reach allows us to offer streamlined access to a consistent portfolio of services across the globe and a differentiated local service where such service is needed and valued by the traveler and client.

Our traveler interactions are captured within and powered by our core platform, which is fully integrated into all service channels. This allows seamless, simple and efficient cross channel engagement for our travelers (for example, booking a trip through the OBT, changing the itinerary by calling a travel counselor and rebooking a connecting flight through messaging). In 2020, we acquired 30STF, a cutting-edge AI and machine learning enabled messaging tool, to further enhance our capabilities.

Relationships with Top-Tier Travel Suppliers Driven by Value Proposition

We believe that our longstanding supplier relationships, built on a track record of delivering premium demand, improving profitability and meeting supplier objectives, differentiate us from our competitors. These relationships include airlines, hotel groups and individual hotel properties, content aggregators, including Expedia Partner Solutions (“EPS”) and Booking.com, all three major GDS platforms, car rental, rail, ground transportation companies and many other travel suppliers.

Travel suppliers value business travel demand due to a higher proportion of first and business class cabin bookings, fewer advance purchases, more flexible tickets and more long-haul international bookings, all of which drive superior economics and profitability. For example, according to Skift Research, business travelers may have driven 55% to 75% of profits for major airlines

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prior to the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, even though they represent a minority of bookings. As the world’s leading B2B travel platform by 2019 TTV, we offer travel suppliers access to one of the largest aggregations of this premium demand in the travel industry. Moreover, we believe the composition of our bookings is uniquely valuable compared to typical B2B bookings. Due to the nature and mix of our client types, our clients typically choose premium tickets that we estimate are on average approximately 40% higher than the average TMC booking. In addition, more than half of our TTV related to air travel is derived from first and business class cabin bookings.

We offer travel suppliers efficient access to this premium demand. For example, we estimate that the total distribution cost through us is comparable (as a percentage of booking value) to the reported selling costs for at least our top five airline clients and even more cost-effective when considering the technology investment and servicing cost savings our travel suppliers realize.

These high value relationships and economics are powered by the GBT Supply MarketPlace, our unified platform encompassing the GDS and non-GDS content aggregation that connects all of our travel suppliers and content to the POS our clients and travelers use. We believe this provides value to travel suppliers by eliminating the need to invest in complex corporate client POS environments while also providing them with the capabilities they need to market, promote and sell their content, products and services effectively.

We have extensive experience working closely with travel suppliers to deliver their objectives and create value for clients. We have a dedicated team of proprietary content acquisition and revenue management specialists providing data insight, backed by advanced optimization tools and data analytics that deliver compelling solutions to travel suppliers.

The value proposition, strength and sustainability of our travel supplier partnerships is further demonstrated by the extension of 17 of our top 20 supplier contracts by 2019 revenue at equal or better terms since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. On average these extensions run through 2023. Moreover, in 2020 we collected 99.5% of supplier fees owed to us during that year, including fixed and variable fees, demonstrating the strength of our relationships and business model.

We believe our offerings create a strong incentive for travel suppliers to deliver more content, experiences, and savings specifically for our clients. This includes Preferred Extras that are not available to the general public, which provides clients with value through extra amenities and savings from exclusive fares. For example, in 2019, more than 90 airlines and more than 60,000 hotel properties participated in the Preferred Extras program, with clients benefiting from an average saving of approximately 7% compared to public fares when they used Preferred Extras content, in addition to benefiting from extra amenities and perks such as free Wi-Fi, breakfast, last-room availability and loyalty benefits.

Cutting-Edge Proprietary Technology Platform Seamlessly Integrated into our Operations

Corporate clients and travelers expect a single integrated global platform to drive seamless experiences and integration with their chosen systems. Our approach provides a differentiated mix of a full end-to-end proprietary solution set as well as a flexible architecture integrating the myriad third party solutions that our clients request. We believe the capacity to offer both end-to-end proprietary solutions and global, seamless integrations is a differentiator relative to our competitors.

Our core platform is the foundation of our ability to deliver this value. The core platform sits at the heart of our business and is custom-built to integrate with our solutions and the technology ecosystems of corporate clients, travel suppliers and technology partners, providing seamless experiences and technology-enabled solutions. The core platform demonstrates how the GBT Flywheel enables enhanced investment in our technology to drive better outcomes for our clients and travel suppliers.

By increasingly owning both the traveler experience (whether through Neo, GBT Mobile or Chat) and the distribution technology (through the GBT Supply MarketPlace), we deliver content to travelers the way they want it. This technology makes us one of the few TMCs to have a full digital POS solution and content delivery technology. Our technology allows us to control our digital roadmap, including with respect to content aggregation, and user experiences with merchandising and retailing of content to generate the maximum benefit for travelers, clients and travel suppliers. Owning this technology drives efficiencies in our own operations and provides us with a unique position in the marketplace by supporting the distribution needs of travel suppliers, as well as enhancing the quality of the user experience and driving savings for our clients and their travelers.

On top of the platform is a full digital solution set, for both traveler satisfaction and productivity enhancement. This allows us to offer self-service solutions or agent facilitated interactions through all the channels that travelers want: online, through GBT’s Mobile App or through e-mail or chat. We also have end-to-end digital solutions that enable full travel spend visibility, control and compliance and support our clients’ travel management needs, such as traveler tracking, reporting and insights, travel approvals,

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continuous rate search and unused ticket tracking. We continuously build on our expansive data repository and we deploy extensive data analytics, including sustainability metrics, to generate actionable insights and improve our products. Our proprietary technology utilizes data analytics capabilities to enhance travel program insights and create a more personalized user experience, which we believe will drive our client reach.

We also offer clients the ability to integrate third party solutions such as SAP Concur. We seamlessly integrate these solutions, as well as links to core client systems, such as finance and HR applications, via our flexible Application Programming Interfaces to drive consistent client and traveler experiences. By doing so, we can quickly adapt to client needs while also maintaining robust information security, privacy and compliance safeguards.

Egencia is a strong strategic fit with the GBT platform. The Egencia platform was built as a fully integrated B2B travel software solution. It is differentiated from GBT’s historical solutions because it primarily focuses on digital-first clients (more than 90% of transactions were served through digital channels in 2021) who value a simple, easy to use and integrated standardized end-to-end solution. This approach is highly complementary to the GBT platform, which is modular solution primarily focused on flexibility and configurability of service offerings.

Industry-Leading Standard of Sustainability

Our clients are some of the most forward-thinking leaders on corporate environmental and sustainability issues. We share our clients’ ambitious sustainability goals and together we strive to define the future of eco-friendly travel.

Our sustainability roadmap echoes our clients’ sustainability aspirations. We provide expertise and an efficient marketplace for green business travel and strive to be a catalyst for, and enabler of, industry wide progress. We also live by our commitment to sustainability. We believe we are one of the first global TMCs to offset 100% of the carbon emissions for our own employee business travel. In 2020 and 2019, we achieved carbon neutrality for our employees’ business travel by purchasing and retiring carbon credits sufficient to account for the estimated carbon emissions associated with our employees’ business travel for the applicable years. To promote our and our clients’ mutual commitment to a more sustainable future for business travel, we are proud to offer an expanding suite of sustainable travel services and solutions, including:

Proprietary tools for measuring carbon footprint and options to filter travel by carbon emission levels built into Neo;
Access to carbon offset programs that enable our clients to purchase carbon offsets directly;
Industry-leading sustainability consulting, analytics and meetings and events proposition, including Green Compass; and
Solutions designed to decarbonize the travel sector, including solutions for increasing the supply and use of sustainable aviation fuel in business travel in collaboration with our clients and industry partners.
Attractive Financial Profile with Diversified Revenue Streams and a Flexible Cost Structure

Our types and sources of revenue are highly diversified. We receive revenue from clients, travel suppliers and Network Partners for air, hotel, car rental, rail or other travel-related transactions as well as a broad range of non-transaction related products and services. No single client accounted for more than 3% of our revenue in 2018 and 2019, the last two years of normalized operations.

Travel Revenues are primarily driven by transaction volumes, with volume floors included in many client contracts. Product and Professional Services Revenues, which constituted 24% of our total revenue in 2019, 41% of our total revenue in 2020 and 42% of our total revenue in 2021, are not directly driven by transaction volume. This revenue mix allows us to mitigate volume downside risk while benefiting from growth in our business as well as the underlying growth in the B2B travel industry.

Business resilience is further enhanced by our flexible cost structure, enabling us to quickly and efficiently react to changes in the demand for travel management services. For information regarding the cost-reduction measures we took in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, see “Business — Recent Performance and COVID-19 Update” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Key Factors Affecting Our Results of Operations — Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic.”

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Management Team with Industry-Leading Experience

We are led by a highly experienced management team with a track record of delivering results. The team has diverse backgrounds and experiences, both from inside and outside the travel industry. They have successfully managed the business through the formation of the JV, as well as through several acquisitions and transformations, while delivering consistent growth. They have also deftly managed the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic together, taking roles as industry leaders in supporting the emerging resurgence of travel, and have the expertise and leadership required to execute on our growth strategy.

Our Growth Strategy

We believe GBT has significant runway for growth and margin expansion opportunity, enabled by our differentiated industry position. Our growth strategy is focused on realizing this opportunity through multiple levers to drive growth, accelerating our new wins with our strengthened value proposition and industry tailwinds from increased need for high quality managed travel solutions, growing our leadership in the large and fast-growing SME segment, further benefiting from shifts towards managed travel in these segments, delivering further value through M&A and expanding our GBT Partner Solutions business. We are also positioned to be a more profitable business and drive margin expansion through $235 million of structural cost reductions enabling higher underlying margins compared to 2019, a proven approach to delivering synergies to drive value from recent and future M&A, a modern and agile technology platform well-equipped to drive sustained productivity improvements and increasing exposure to the high margin SME segment.

We regularly consider acquisition opportunities as well as other forms of business combinations. Historically, we have been involved in numerous transactions of various magnitudes, for consideration which included cash, securities or combinations thereof. We are continuing to evaluate and to pursue appropriate acquisition and combination opportunities as they arise in the expansion of our operations. No assurance can be given with respect to the timing, likelihood or financial or business effect of any possible transaction. As part of our regular on-going evaluation of acquisition opportunities, we are currently engaged in a number of unrelated preliminary discussions concerning possible acquisitions. We are in the early stages of such discussions and have not entered into any agreement in principle with respect to any possible acquisitions not expressly described in this prospectus. The purchase price for possible acquisitions may be paid in cash, through the issuance of equity, the incurrence of additional indebtedness, or a combination thereof. Prior to consummating any such possible acquisition, we, among other things, will have to satisfactorily complete our due diligence investigation, negotiate the financial and other terms (including price) and conditions of such acquisitions, obtain necessary consents and approvals and, if necessary, obtain financing. The fact that we are subject to supervision, examination and regulation by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (“Federal Reserve”) under the BHC Act could limit our ability to engage in acquisition activity (See “Risk Factors — Risks Relating to Regulatory, Tax and Litigation Matters — Because we are deemed to be “controlled” by American Express under the BHC Act, we are and will be subject to supervision, examination and regulation by the Federal Reserve which could adversely affect our future growth and our business, results of operations and financial condition”). Furthermore, our ability to consummate and finance acquisitions may be limited by the terms of our existing or future debt arrangements. We cannot predict if any such acquisition will be consummated or, if consummated, will result in a financial or other benefit to us. See “Risk Factors — Risks Relating to Employee Matters, Managing Our Growth and Other Risks Relating to Our Business — We may be unable to identify and consummate new acquisition opportunities, which would significantly impact our growth strategy.”

Capitalize on our Differentiated Value Proposition and Technology Platform

Since the formation of the JV, we have invested more than $600 million in product and platform, excluding Egencia, to deliver the leading B2B travel platform, including exceptional traveler experience and leading travel program management tools and capabilities. Our proprietary technology utilizes data analytics capabilities to enhance travel program insights and create a more personalized user experience, which we believe will drive our client reach. We intend to expand our value proposition through the continued integration of travel and expense and payment tools. In addition, the GBT Supply MarketPlace aggregates and optimizes content delivery, which we believe will solve critical problems for corporate clients, travel suppliers and Network Partners.

With increased capabilities and functionality, we can deliver more value for our clients and potentially capture a higher share of travel spend from our clients. Our efforts are evidenced in strong retention and business growth rates. We believe that continuing to invest in our digital transformation will also improve client satisfaction while reducing costs. We plan to continue expanding our technology suite in order to seamlessly deliver on clients’ needs in each target segment and to execute on opportunities designed to further improve profitability.

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Strengthen Position in Global and Multinational Segment

We believe our value proposition to corporate clients was strengthened by the COVID-19 pandemic, which underscored our high-quality service and created a flight to service quality, where quality of service became highly prioritized as a critical buying factor. As a result of this paradigm shift, 2020 was a record year for growth by newly won client expected annual value and growth in client and traveler satisfaction performance. We provide one of the most complete business travel solutions for corporate clients, and we believe our differentiated value proposition will enable us to continue to grow in this segment. Corporate clients require sophisticated capabilities on a global scale, and we believe that we can deliver them through our platform and solutions, high-quality traveler service and suite of professional services.

We plan to continue to grow through new client wins and expanding upon our existing relationships by providing more comprehensive solutions, including meetings and events planning, consulting, outsourced services and more products and technology that are integrated into our clients to provide the best possible experience and value.

Accelerate Penetration in SME Segment

We are focused on growth in the SME segment, which we believe represents a large and profitable opportunity for our business. In 2019, estimated U.S. SME Total Travel Spend was approximately $180 billion, including both significant managed and unmanaged spend. We believe a significant portion of the U.S. SME segment is unmanaged, representing a large growth opportunity.

Ovation (including the Ovation and Lawyers Travel brands) and Egencia, are two of our SME-focused acquisitions in 2021 that demonstrate our commitment and ability to execute in the SME segment. Ovation and Lawyers Travel are leading solutions for the high-touch segment where personal, human service remains a key buying criterion. Egencia is a leading SME software platform where a largely self-service model is desired. GBT, together with Ovation and Egencia, has the capability of serving SMEs with a variety of solutions designed to meet their needs.

We also recently launched Neo1, a fully self-registered SME expense management tool in the UK in 2020 and in the U.S. in 2021.

With these two businesses and our SME expense management tool, we intend to unlock significant potential in the SME segment through new business development with unmanaged clients and increasing value with our existing client base.

Accelerate the Deployment of our Partner Solutions Platform

We believe there is significant opportunity to further expand our GBT Partner Solutions platform to serve other TMCs and drive high-margin growth due to the high degree of fragmentation within the travel industry. We believe there is strong demand for partnerships driven by investment constraints of other TMCs, content fragmentation and the increased technology needs of the client. We view GBT Partner Solutions as an opportunity to appeal to unmanaged SME clients through our Network Partners while further establishing us as an important outsourced supplier to the industry for premium products, services and content.

With increased scale through third party travel agency partnerships, we can improve our broader economics from a larger aggregate volume base, increased ROI and broadened geographic reach with a more global footprint. This has helped increase the scale of our platform and provided attractive margins and capital efficient growth.

Pursue Strategic and Accretive M&A

We have historically built scale and added capabilities through M&A activity and expect to continue to pursue strategic opportunities to complement our platform. We have demonstrated an ability to execute accretive and synergistic acquisitions as well as integrate and fundamentally improve our acquired businesses.

We intend to broaden our family of brands and our geographic reach, which will allow us to add more corporate clients and travel suppliers to our platform, driving top-line growth as well as enhancing our technology capabilities and value proposition to deliver increasing value across our client base. We actively monitor and evaluate our M&A pipeline across all our strategic pillars for key opportunities in SME, high growth regions and technology capabilities. Our industry is highly fragmented with hundreds of TMCs, providing a large and attractive pool of potential M&A opportunities. We believe there remains significant M&A opportunity in the

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business travel industry and adjacent industries that could continue to create growth opportunities for us in the future. This provides a large opportunity to target strategic acquisitions, joint ventures and partnerships to improve our geographic footprint and capabilities. We may be required to raise additional capital through new equity or debt financings or the incurrence of additional indebtedness to support our acquisition strategy.

Earnings Growth Through Productivity and Automation

We have ongoing digital transformation and automation initiatives to increase efficiency in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. For example, by bringing more solutions from our core platform into our travel counselor toolkit, we can automate more processes, as well as create more self-service and “co-pilot” solutions for travel counselors that combine automation with human service. We believe this type of servicing delivers the best of both worlds in achieving traveler satisfaction and efficiency.

Together, these initiatives will enable us to deliver a higher level of service, thus benefiting clients, travelers and our business. Combined with the $235 million in structural cost reductions delivered over the 2020 and 2021 period, we believe we are in a strong position to realize and maintain higher margins going forward.

Egencia Acquisition

The Egencia Acquisition was consummated on November 1, 2021, and Expedia became an indirect holder of approximately 19% of the equity interests of Legacy GBT, excluding preferred shares and profit shares of Legacy GBT, GBT MIP Options and GBT MIP Shares.

The Egencia value proposition focuses on clients that value a software solution and a primarily digitally delivered self-service model. Egencia is a compelling globally consistent solution that is custom-built to solve for the critical needs of these clients.

At the heart of the value proposition is easy to use and intuitive self-service technology for the traveler, the travel arranger and the client.
Integrated solution, including a proprietary online and mobile booking and trip management experience and full suite of self-service travel management tools powered by both Expedia content and GBT Supply MarketPlace, provides full ownership of the traveler and client experience.
Extensive automation and data environment power a highly digitalized service platform, using modern machine learning and AI solutions in a data-science driven approach.
The digital solution is supplemented by a streamlined traveler and client support infrastructure, offering 24/7 support through our highly qualified travel consultants.

The Egencia solution, footprint and capabilities are complementary to our business and further accelerate our growth strategy. In particular, the Egencia Acquisition:

Substantially enhances our capabilities in the SME segment to significantly broaden its addressable client base;
Complements our SME value proposition with Egencia’s software solution specifically built for “digital-first” SME clients who want a seamless program that delivers full traveler tools and control at a lower cost; and
Provides leading edge traveler and client experience as well as innovation capability powered by an experienced, proven travel technology talent base.

On November 1, 2021, EAN.com LP, an affiliate of Expedia, entered into that certain Marketing Partner Agreement, which is a ten-year term marketing partner agreement with an affiliate of GBT to provide GBT’s clients with access to Expedia Group hotel content through the GBT Supply MarketPlace (the “EPS Agreement”). The EPS Agreement requires EAN.com LP to meet certain competitiveness thresholds with respect to the Expedia Group hotel content offered to GBT and requires GBT to satisfy certain share of wallet commitments to EAN.com LP (including the making of cash shortfall payments in the event of a share of wallet failure,

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subject to offset based on outperformance by GBT in subsequent periods). GBT’s share of wallet obligations are subject to adjustment for future acquisitions and dispositions and the failure of EAN.com LP to meet agreed competitiveness thresholds. EAN.com LP is entitled to a liquidated damages termination fee payment in connection with a termination resulting from (i) a material breach of the EPS Agreement by GBT after applicable notice and opportunity to cure, or (ii) a change of control of GBT that would materially adversely impact the performance of the obligations owed to EAN.com LP under the EPS Agreement.

As part of the Egencia Acquisition, on November 1, 2021, GBT Travel Services UK Limited entered into a Transition Services Agreement with Expedia, Inc. (the “Egencia TSA”), pursuant to which Expedia, Inc. (an affiliate of Expedia) and its affiliates provide certain transition services to GBT Travel Services UK Limited and its affiliates to facilitate an orderly transfer of Egencia from Expedia, Inc. to GBT. The initial term of the Egencia TSA is eighteen (18) months. The initial term of each service is set forth in the Egencia TSA, and the term of certain services is subject to extension under certain circumstances. GBT Travel Services UK Limited has the right to terminate services for convenience upon prior written notice to Expedia, Inc. For services provided by Expedia, Inc. to Egencia prior to the Egencia Acquisition, pricing under the Egencia TSA is determined in the same manner as pricing for such services was historically determined by Expedia, Inc. For services that were not provided by Expedia, Inc. to Egencia prior to the Egencia Acquisition, in general pricing is equal to the cost of providing such services. For 2021, the total cost charged to GBT was approximately $7.9 million.

The Egencia Acquisition represents our ninth acquisition since the formation of the JV in June 2014, demonstrating GBT’s ability to identify highly strategic targets and successfully execute on value-enhancing M&A.

Recent Performance and COVID-19 Update

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused material declines in demand within the travel industry and has consequently adversely and materially affected our business, results of operations and financial condition since March 2020. Historically, significant events affecting travel, such as the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 and the 2003 outbreak of SARS, have an impact on booking patterns, with the full extent of the impact generally determined by the length of time the event and related government and societal reactions influence travel decisions. However, after each event business travel spend has recovered and continued to grow. The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant adverse effect on the travel industry, global travel bookings and on our business, financial condition and operating results. Some adverse effect is likely to continue until the spread of COVID-19 is further contained and may continue thereafter, particularly if government regulation of, and employer and employee attitudes toward, business travel change in a lasting way. In addition, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the adoption of teleconference and virtual meeting technologies significantly increased. The extent of permanent, structural substitution of business travel by such alternatives, if any, is uncertain. While we have seen positive recovery in business travel demand where COVID-19 has been contained and restrictions relaxed, the speed of the full recovery or extent of any permanent impact on demand remains difficult to predict until industry recovery in key geographies and segments is more advanced. In addition, we are seeing many clients adopt hybrid meetings, which include a combination of in-person and virtual attendees. For additional information, see “Risk Factors — Risks Relating to Our Business and Industry.”

While the full recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic is inherently uncertain, with vaccinations and new treatments underway, we believe the longer-term opportunity for us remains strong. Our customer service was especially valuable to travelers during the initial outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, during which we repatriated more than 100,000 travelers. Our traveler satisfaction averaged 92% since 2020, the highest since the formation of the JV in 2014. We are confident in the future of business travel as the estimated $1.4 trillion industry opportunity as of 2019 provides ample runway for growth. Following the COVID-19 pandemic, we believe the need for high-quality travel management solutions with a focus on employee safety and well-being will be more important than ever. In addition, with our additional capabilities in the SME segment, we believe the opportunity for us to leverage these capabilities and grow in the SME segment is substantial. We have observed improvements in the number of our transactions since March 2021, and October 2021 reflected a 38% recovery in transactions compared to October 2019. October 2021 air travel transactions, compared to October 2019, recovered by over 36% in the U.S., 50% in each of France and Spain and over 30% in Germany and 45% in the Nordics (consisting of Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland). October 2021 worldwide hotel transactions, compared to October 2019, recovered by 39%. October 2021 U.S. SME segment transactions, compared to October 2019, recovered by 48%. By comparison, the SME segment as a whole recovered by approximately 50% over the same period. The foregoing discussion of recent trends in our business is based on preliminary data and assumptions and remains subject to change, particularly in light of the unpredictability of the COVID-19 pandemic. For additional information, see “Risk Factors — Risks Relating to Our Business and Industry.”

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During the year ended December 31, 2020, our TTV declined by approximately 80% compared to the prior year and total revenue declined by 63% compared to the prior year. Some of the volume decline was mitigated by fixed and non-transaction related revenues and cost reduction measures in our business model. We experienced similar declines through the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same period in 2019. Volumes have recovered through the latter half of 2021, but remain materially below 2019 levels. As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to develop, governments, corporations and other authorities may continue to implement restrictions or policies that continue to adversely impact our business.

Following the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, in March 2020, we took immediate action to reduce our operating expenses and preserve cash through our COVID-19 Business Response Plan (the “COVID-19 BRP”). We have identified and taken $574 million in operating expense reductions, defined as “Total Operating Expenses” excluding depreciation and amortization and restructuring charges, in 2020 representing a 33% decrease in operating costs compared to 2019 and a further $605 million in operating expense reductions in 2021, net of the incremental operating expenses from the Egencia and Ovation acquisitions, compared to the same time period of 2019, consisting of reductions of salary and benefits and other operating expenses costs reductions. This represents a 34% decrease in expenses compared to 2019, demonstrating the flexibility in our operating model. Restructuring charges during the year ended December 31, 2020 were primarily related to severance costs incurred for headcount reduction and impairment charges from closures of certain of our offices. Key action items spanned: (i) employee cost-reduction measures (including salary and hiring freezes, pay reductions, furloughs and headcount reductions and other adjustments to salary and benefits), (ii) vendor cost-reduction measures (including vendor contract renegotiations, harmonization of mid- and back-office activities, technology and real estate rationalization) and (iii) other cost-reduction measures (including with respect to non-essential capital expenditures). Such actions are expected to result in $235 million of annualized permanent cost reductions that were delivered through structural efficiency gains, which we believe will enhance the underlying profitability of our business going forward.

We continue to win new business by strengthening our value proposition for corporate clients, travel suppliers and Network Partners. In 2021, we significantly strengthened customer value. We delivered (i) $3.7 billion in new client wins, which represents 10% of 2019 pro forma TTV (expected annual average TTV over the contract term from new client wins based on 2019 spend; includes Egencia for the full year), (ii) 95% customer retention rate (excludes Egencia and Ovation) in 2021, (iii) 92% customer satisfaction score customer (excludes Egencia and Ovation) and (iv) major new customer wins. In addition, 17 out of top 20 supplier contracts renegotiated with equal or better terms since January 2020 (the remaining four are in negotiation). As a way to continue to grow the business, we continuously sell our solutions and services to organizations that currently do not manage their travel program with GBT. We measure new sales in terms of the average annual spend expected to be served under the contract over its term, which is usually three years, as estimated by clients. Given the recovery trajectory in the near term, the standard practice adopted by clients since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic has been to quantify spend in terms of 2019 benchmark. We have followed this practice in how we value new wins.

Liquidity Update

Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, we have remained focused on preserving liquidity to ensure that we emerge as a stronger competitor and maximize flexibility to react to the shape of the recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic.

On May 27, 2022, we completed our Business Combination transaction. After considering payments of certain transaction expenses and redemption of GBT Preferred Shares of $168 million (including accrued dividends until the Closing Date), we received net proceeds of $128 million upon Closing.

The GBT Preferred Shares were originally issued during 2021 pursuant to Equity Commitment Letters entered into by Juweel and Amex HoldCo. with Legacy GBT in August 2020. The Equity Commitment Letters provided commitments for an aggregate of up to $300 million of preferred equity financing, half of which was funded to Legacy GBT in 2021 in connection with such issuances of GBT Preferred Shares. $150 million of commitments remained undrawn under the Equity Commitment Letters as of March 31, 2022. The Equity Commitment Letters were terminated upon the consummation of the Business Combination.

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Effective as of December 16, 2021, the Senior Secured Credit Agreement was amended to, among other things, establish the $1,000 million Senior Secured New Tranche B-3 Term Loan Facilities, $800 million of which was borrowed on such date and $200 million of which was available on a delayed-draw basis for a six-month period after the date of such initial borrowings, subject to certain customary borrowing conditions. On May 19, 2022, a principal amount of $100 million of term loans were borrowed from such $200 million of delayed draw commitments under the Senior Secured New Tranche B-3 Term Loan Facilities. On June 9, 2022, a principal amount of $100 million of additional term loans were borrowed from the last remaining delayed draw commitments under the Senior Secured New Tranche B-3 Term Loan Facilities.

The $50 million Senior Secured Revolving Credit Facility remained undrawn during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and the year ended December 31, 2021.

The proceeds from these financing arrangements have been and will continue to be used to reinforce our liquidity position and preserve financial flexibility. We believe this additional flexibility will be important given our limited ability to predict our future financial performance due to the uncertainty associated with the COVID-19 pandemic and the measures implemented in reaction to the COVID-19 pandemic. Utilization of the Senior Secured Revolving Credit Facility may be effectively limited in future periods if we are unable to comply with the leverage-based financial covenant for such facility contained in the Senior Secured Credit Agreement when required.

As of March 31, 2022, we had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $329 million, which represents a decrease of $187 million compared to cash and cash equivalents of $516 million at December 31, 2021. The decrease as of March 31, 2022 compared to December 31, 2021 was primarily driven by cash outflows from our operating and investing activities.

While it remains difficult to predict the precise path to recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic and certain changes in business practices may become permanent, we remain confident that travel will recover and we believe we are well positioned to respond to rapidly evolving scenarios. We continue to believe we will play a critical role in that recovery and beyond by continuing to actively support our clients, partners and employees worldwide.

For additional information, see “— Description of Certain Indebtedness,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Liquidity and Capital Resources,” and “Risk Factors — Risks Relating to Our Business and Industry.”

Description of Certain Indebtedness

The following is a summary of the material terms of the Senior Secured Credit Agreement and related amendments thereto as of the date of this prospectus. This summary is qualified in its entirety by reference to the complete text of the Senior Secured Credit Agreement and the amendments thereto, all of which are included as exhibits to this prospectus. You are urged to read carefully the Senior Secured Credit Agreement and the amendments thereto in their entirety.

Senior Secured Credit Agreement

On August 13, 2018, certain of our subsidiaries entered into the Senior Secured Credit Agreement, by and among GBT Group Services B.V. (the “Borrower”), GBT III, as the original parent guarantor, Morgan Stanley Senior Funding, Inc., as administrative agent and as collateral agent, and the lenders and letter of credit issuers from time to time party thereto, which initially provided for $250 million of Senior Secured Initial Term Loans and the $50 million Senior Secured Revolving Credit Facility. In December 2019, the Senior Secured Credit Agreement was modified to, among other things, permit certain internal reorganization transactions and add GBT UK TopCo Limited, a wholly-owned direct subsidiary of GBT, as the parent guarantor. On September 4, 2020, $400 million of Senior Secured Prior Tranche B-1 Term Loans were borrowed under an incremental facility that was established pursuant to an amendment to the Senior Secured Credit Agreement. On January 20, 2021, the Senior Secured Credit Agreement was further amended to, among other things, (i) establish the $200 million Senior Secured Prior Tranche B-2 Term Loan Facility and (ii) modify certain terms applicable to the Senior Secured Prior Tranche B-1 Term Loans. On December 2, 2021, the Borrower obtained commitments for the $1,000 million Senior Secured New Tranche B-3 Term Loan Facilities. Effective as of December 16, 2021, the Senior Secured Credit Agreement was amended to, among other things, (x) establish the Senior Secured New Tranche B-3 Term Loan Facilities (together with the Senior Secured Initial Term Loans, the “Senior Secured Term Loan Facilities”), a portion of which was applied to refinance and repay in full the Senior Secured Prior Tranche B-1 Term Loans and the Senior Secured Prior Tranche B-2 Term Loan Facility. The various amendments referred to above also modified certain covenants and certain other terms of the Senior Secured Credit Agreement.

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Term Loan Facilities

Senior Secured Initial Term Loans in an aggregate principal amount of $250 million were drawn in full at the original closing of the Senior Secured Credit Agreement, and the proceeds therefrom were used for general corporate purposes, including repayment of a then-existing bridge facility that was incurred to finance our July 2018 acquisition of HRG. Loans in an aggregate principal amount of $800 million were drawn under the Senior Secured New Tranche B-3 Term Loan Facilities on December 16, 2021, a portion of which was applied to refinance and repay in full the Senior Secured Prior Tranche B-1 Term Loans and the Senior Secured Prior Tranche B-2 Term Loan Facility, and, in connection therewith, the remaining unused commitments under the Senior Secured Prior Tranche B-2 Term Loan Facility were terminated. The then remaining $200 million of commitments under the Senior Secured New Tranche B-3 Term Loan Facilities were available on a delayed-draw basis for a six-month period after the initial borrowing date under the Senior Secured New Tranche B-3 Term Loan Facilities, subject to certain customary borrowing conditions, to be used for ongoing working capital requirements and other general corporate purposes permitted by the Senior Secured Credit Agreement. On May 19, 2022, $100 million of term loans were borrowed from such $200 million of delayed draw commitments under the Senior Secured New Tranche B-3 Term Loan Facilities. On June 9, 2022, an additional $100 million of term loans were borrowed from the last remaining delayed draw commitments under the Senior Secured New Tranche B-3 Term Loan Facilities. Lenders under the Senior Secured New Tranche B-3 Term Loan Facilities include funds managed or advised by certain affiliates of the Sponsor and affiliates of certain PIPE Investors.

The Senior Secured Initial Term Loans mature, and all amounts outstanding thereunder will become due and payable in full, on August 13, 2025. Principal amounts outstanding under the Senior Secured Initial Term Loans are required to be repaid on a quarterly basis at an amortization rate of 1.00% per annum, with the balance due at maturity. The Senior Secured New Tranche B-3 Term Loan Facilities mature, and all amounts outstanding thereunder will become due and payable in full, on December 16, 2026. The Senior Secured New Tranche B-3 Term Loan Facilities do not have any scheduled amortization payments prior to maturity.

At the option of the Borrower (upon prior