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BLFY Blue Foundry Bancorp

Filed: 10 Mar 21, 1:31pm
Table of Contents

As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 10, 2021

Registration No. 333-________

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM S-1

REGISTRATION STATEMENT

UNDER

THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

 

 

Blue Foundry Bancorp

Blue Foundry Bank 401(k) Savings Plan

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

 

 

Delaware     6036 Pending

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

 

(Primary Standard Industrial

Classification Code Number)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

19 Park Avenue

Rutherford, New Jersey 07070

(201) 939-5000

(Address, Including Zip Code, and Telephone Number, Including Area Code, of Registrant’s Principal Executive Offices)

 

 

James D. Nesci

President and Chief Executive Officer

Blue Foundry Bancorp

19 Park Avenue

Rutherford, New Jersey 07070

(201) 939-5000

(Address, Including Zip Code, and Telephone Number, Including Area Code, of Agent for Service)

 

 

Copies to:

John Gorman, Esq.

Marc Levy, Esq.

Luse Gorman, PC

5335 Wisconsin Avenue, N.W., Suite 780

Washington, D.C. 20015

(202) 274-2000

 

Richard Schaberg, Esq.

Les Reese, III, Esq.

Hogan Lovells

Columbia Square

555 Thirteenth Street, NW

Washington, D.C. 20004

(202) 637-5600

 

 

Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: As soon as practicable after this registration statement becomes effective.

If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, check the following box:  ☒

If this Form is filed to register additional shares for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering:  ☐

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering:  ☐

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering:  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer   Accelerated filer 
Non-accelerated filer   Smaller reporting company 
   Emerging growth company 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act.  ☐

 

 

CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE

 

 

Title of each class of

securities to be registered

 

Amount

to be

registered

 

Proposed

maximum

offering price

per share

 

Proposed

maximum

aggregate

offering price

 Amount of
registration fee

Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share

 28,522,500 shares $10.00 $285,225,000 (1) $31,119

Participation Interests

 1,498,303 interests(2)     (2) 

 

 

(1)

Estimated solely for the purpose of calculating the registration fee.

(2)

The securities to be purchased by the Blue Foundry Bank 401(k) Savings Plan are included in the amount shown for the common stock. Accordingly, no separate fee is required for the participation interests. In accordance with Rule 457(h) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, the registration fee has been calculated on the basis of the number of shares of common stock that may be purchased with the current assets of such Plan.

 

 

The registrant hereby amends this registration statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this registration statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 or until the registration statement shall become effective on such date as the Securities and Exchange Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.

 

 

 


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Prospectus Supplement

Interests in

BLUE FOUNDRY BANK

401(k) PLAN

Offering of Participation Interests of up to 1,498,303 Shares of

BLUE FOUNDRY BANCORP

common stock

 

 

Blue Foundry Bancorp, a Delaware corporation, is offering shares of common stock for sale at $10.00 per share in connection with the conversion of Blue Foundry, MHC from the mutual holding company to the stock holding company form of organization, (the “Conversion”). Blue Foundry Bancorp is the holding company of Blue Foundry Bank. Following the Conversion, it is expected that shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock (“common stock”) will be listed on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “BLFY.”

In connection with the stock offering, Blue Foundry Bancorp is allowing participants in the Blue Foundry Bank 401(k) Plan (the “401(k) Plan”) to make an election to purchase participation interests in shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock through the 401(k) Plan. Based on the value of the 401(k) Plan assets at [April 1, 2021], the trustee of the 401(k) Plan could purchase up to 1,498,303 shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock, assuming a purchase price of $10.00 per share. As a participant in the 401(k) Plan, you may direct the trustee of the 401(k) Plan to invest up to 50% of your 401(k) Plan account in Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock at the time of the stock offering. This prospectus supplement relates to the election of 401(k) Plan participants to direct the trustee of the 401(k) Plan to invest their 401(k) Plan accounts in Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock at the time of the stock offering.

Before you consider investing, you should read the prospectus of Blue Foundry Bancorp dated [date], which is provided with this prospectus supplement. It contains detailed information regarding the Conversion and related stock offering of Blue Foundry Bancorp and the financial condition, results of operations and business of Blue Foundry Bank. This prospectus supplement provides information regarding the 401(k) Plan. You should read this prospectus supplement together with the prospectus and keep both for future reference.

 

 

For a discussion of risks that you should consider, see “Risk Factors” beginning on page 1 of the prospectus supplement and page 18 of the accompanying prospectus.

The interests in the 401(k) Plan and the offering of the shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock have not been approved or disapproved by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the New Jersey Department of Banking and Insurance, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Securities and Exchange Commission or any other federal or state agency. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

The securities offered in this prospectus supplement are not deposits or accounts and are not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other government agency.

This prospectus supplement may be used only in connection with offers and sales by Blue Foundry Bancorp in the stock offering of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock acquired by the 401(k) Plan. No one may use this prospectus supplement to reoffer or resell interests in shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock acquired through the 401(k) Plan.

You should rely only on the information contained in this prospectus supplement and the prospectus. Blue Foundry Bancorp, Blue Foundry Bank and the 401(k) Plan have not authorized anyone to provide you with information that is different.

This prospectus supplement does not constitute an offer to sell or solicitation of an offer to buy any securities in any jurisdiction to any person to whom it is unlawful to make an offer or solicitation in that jurisdiction. Neither the delivery of this prospectus supplement and the prospectus nor any sale of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock shall under any circumstances imply that there has been no change in the affairs of Blue Foundry Bancorp, Blue Foundry Bank, or the 401(k) Plan since the date of this prospectus supplement, or that the information contained in this prospectus supplement or incorporated by reference is correct as of any time after the date of this prospectus supplement.

The date of this prospectus supplement is [date].

 


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RISK FACTORS

In addition to considering the material risks disclosed under “Risk Factors” beginning on page 18 of the attached prospectus, you should also consider the following:

If you elect to purchase Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock using your 401(k) Plan account balance and the stock offering is oversubscribed, you will bear the risk of price changes in the investment funds of the 401(k) Plan.

If you elect to purchase Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock using your 401(k) Plan account balance, the 401(k) Plan trustee will sell the designated percentage of your designated investment funds within your 401(k) Plan account based on your investment election. If the stock offering is oversubscribed (i.e., there are more orders for Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock than shares available for sale in the stock offering) and the 401(k) Plan trustee cannot use any or all of the funds you allocate to purchase Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock, the funds that cannot be invested in Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock, and any interest earned on those funds, will be reinvested in your existing investment funds of the 401(k) Plan, according to your then existing investment election (i.e., in proportion to your investment direction for future contributions). During the period from when the 401(k) Plan trustee sells a percentage of each of your investment funds until reinvestment of some or all of those funds back into your investment funds as a result of an oversubscription, you will bear the risk of price changes in the investment funds. It is possible that during this period some or all of the investment funds may have increased in value more than the amount of any interest you may have earned on the reinvested funds before reinvestment. See “The Offering – Purchases in the Stock Offering and Oversubscriptions” in this prospectus supplement.

 

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THE OFFERING

 

Securities Offered  

Blue Foundry Bancorp is offering participants of the 401(k) Plan the opportunity to purchase participation interests in shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock through the 401(k) Plan at the stock offering purchase price of $10.00 per share. A “participation interest” represents your indirect ownership of a share of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock that is acquired by the 401(k) Plan and is equivalent to one share of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock. In this prospectus supplement, “participation interests” are referred to as shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock. At the stock offering purchase price of $10.00 per share, the 401(k) Plan may acquire up to 1,498,303 shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock in the stock offering, based on the approximate fair market value of the 401(k) Plan’s assets as of [April 1, 2021].

 

Only employees of Blue Foundry Bank may become participants in the 401(k) Plan and only participants may purchase Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock through the 401(k) Plan. Your investment in shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock in connection with the stock offering is subject to the purchase priorities listed below.

 

Information regarding the 401(k) Plan is contained in this prospectus supplement and information with regard to the financial condition, results of operations and business of Blue Foundry Bancorp and Blue Foundry Bank is contained in the accompanying prospectus. The address of the principal executive office of Blue Foundry Bancorp and Blue Foundry Bank is 19 Park Avenue, Rutherford, New Jersey 07070.

 

Address all questions about this prospectus supplement to Acela Roselle, Human Resources Director, at Blue Foundry Bank; telephone number: (201) 507-3180; email: aroselle@bluefoundrybank.com.

 

Direct all questions about the stock offering, the prospectus, or obtaining a stock order form to purchase Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock in the stock offering outside the 401(k) Plan to the Stock Information Center toll-free, at [#] Monday through Friday, 10:00 a.m. through 4:00 p.m., Eastern Time. The Stock Information Center will be closed on bank holidays.

Election to Purchase Common Stock  In connection with the stock offering, you may elect to designate a percentage of your 401(k) Plan account balance to be used to purchase shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock in the stock offering. The trustee of the 401(k) Plan will purchase Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock at $10.00 per shares in accordance with your directions. However, your directions are subject to the purchase priorities and purchase limitations described below.

 

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Purchase Priorities  

All 401(k) Plan participants are eligible to purchase Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock in the stock offering. However, your directions are subject to the purchase priorities in the Plan of Conversion, which provides for a subscription offering, a community offering and a firm commitment underwritten offering. In the stock offering, purchase priorities are as follows and apply in case more shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock are ordered than are available for sale (an “oversubscription”):

 

SubscriptionOffering:

 

(1)   Depositors with accounts at Blue Foundry Bank with aggregate balances of at least $50 at the close of business on December 31, 2019, get first priority.

 

(2)   Blue Foundry Bank’s tax-qualified employee benefit plans, including Blue Foundry Bank’s employee stock ownership plan and the 401(k) Plan, get second priority.

 

(3)   Depositors with accounts at Blue Foundry Bank with aggregate balances of at least $50 at the close of business on [supplemental eligibility record date], get third priority.

 

(4)   Depositors with deposit account at Blue Foundry Bank at the close of business on [voting record date], get fourth priority.

 

Community Offering:

 

Shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock not purchased in the subscription offering may be offered for sale to the general public in a “community offering,” with a preference given to natural persons and trusts of natural persons residing in Bergen, Morris, Passaic, Essex and Hudson Counties in New Jersey.

 

Firm Commitment Underwritten Offering:

 

Shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock not purchased in the subscription or community offerings may be offered for sale in a syndicated or a firm commitment underwritten offering, subject to the terms, conditions and procedures Blue Foundry Bancorp may determine, in a manner that will achieve wide distribution of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock.

 

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If you fall into subscription offering categories (1), (3) or (4), you have subscription rights to purchase Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock in the subscription offering. You may use up to 50% of your 401(k) Plan account balance to pay for the shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock.

 

You may also be able to purchase shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock in the subscription offering even though you are ineligible to purchase through subscription offering categories (1), (3) or (4) through subscription offering category (2), reserved for the tax-qualified employee plans.

 

If you fall into purchase priority (1), (3) or (4), you will separately receive offering materials in the mail, including a stock order form. You may use the stock order form to order shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock outside the 401(k) Plan. Please refer to the prospectus for information on how to submit these orders.

 

Additionally, or instead of (or in addition to) placing an order outside the 401(k) Plan using a stock order form, you may place an order for the purchase of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock through the 401(k) Plan, using the enclosed Special Investment Election Form, to be completed and submitted in the manner described below under “How to Order common stock in the Offering.”

Purchase in the Stock Offering and Oversubscriptions  

The trustee of the 401(k) Plan will order shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock in the stock offering based on the designated percentage set forth in your Special Investment Election Form. Specifically, on or about the second business day following the conclusion of the 401(k) Plan Offering Period (as defined below), each of your current investments within your 401(k) Plan account will be liquidated pro-rata based on your designated percentage, and the proceeds (rounded down to the nearest $10 increment) will be transferred to an interest bearing account held by the 401(k) Plan pending the formal closing of the stock offering several weeks later. We will determine whether all, or any portion of, your order will be filled (if the offering is oversubscribed, you may not receive any, or all, of your order, depending on your purchase priority, as described above). The amount that can be used toward your order will be applied to the purchase of shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock. Following the formal closing of the stock offering, your purchased shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock will be reflected in Blue Foundry Bancorp Stock Fund.

 

 

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If the stock offering is oversubscribed (i.e., there are more orders for Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock than shares available for sale in the stock offering), and the trustee is unable to use the full amount allocated by you to purchase Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock in the stock offering, the amount that cannot be invested in Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock, and any interest earned on that amount, will be reinvested in the existing investment funds of the 401(k) Plan, in accordance with your then existing investment elections (in proportion to your investment direction for future contributions). The prospectus describes the allocation procedures in the event of an oversubscription.

 

If you choose not to direct the investment of your 401(k) Plan account balances towards the purchase of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock in the stock offering, your account balances will remain in the investment funds of the 401(k) Plan as you previously directed.

Composition of the Blue Foundry Bancorp Stock Fund  

Shares purchased by the 401(k) Plan in the stock offering will be transferred to the 401(k) Plan and held by the Blue Foundry Bancorp Stock Fund. The Blue Foundry Bancorp Stock Fund is neither a mutual fund nor a diversified or managed investment option. Rather, it is merely a recordkeeping mechanism established by the 401(k) Plan custodian to track the shares purchased by the participants in the stock offering through the 401(k) Plan. The Blue Foundry Bancorp Stock Fund will consist of shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock purchased by participants in the 401(k) Plan, which will be initially valued at $10.00 per share (i.e., the purchase price). After the stock offering, the 401(k) Plan will also maintain a Stock Liquidity Fund. New contributions or transfers of funds into the Blue Foundry Bancorp Stock Fund will first be held in the Stock Liquidity Fund. Once the shares are purchased, they will be transferred into the Blue Foundry Bancorp Stock Fund.

 

After the stock offering, each day the aggregate value of Blue Foundry Bancorp Stock Fund will be determined by dividing the total market value of the fund at the end of the day by the total number of shares held in the fund by all participants as of the previous day’s end. The change in share value reflects the day’s change in stock price of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock, and the value of each participation interest should be the same as one share of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock.

 

Investment in Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock involves risks common to investments in shares of stock. For a discussion of material risks you should consider, see the “Risk Factors” section of this prospectus supplement, the “Risk Factors” section of the accompanying prospectus and the section of this prospectus supplement called “Notice of Your Rights Concerning Employer Securities” (see below).

 

The portion of your 401(k) Plan account invested in the Blue Foundry Bancorp Stock Fund will be reported to you on your regular 401(k) Plan participant statements, which may be accessed through your participant website.

 

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Minimum and Maximum Investment  

In connection with the stock offering, the 401(k) Plan will permit you to use up to 50% of your 401(k) Plan account balance for the purchase of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock in the stock offering.

 

The trustee of the 401(k) Plan will subscribe for shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock offered for sale in the stock offering, in accordance with each participant’s direction. The trustee will pay $10.00 per share, which will be the same price paid by all other persons who purchase shares in the stock offering. In order to purchase Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock through the 401(k) Plan, the minimum investment is $250, which will purchase 25 shares. No individual may generally purchase more than $400,000 (40,000 shares) of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock. Unless we determine otherwise, persons having the same address and persons exercising subscription rights through qualifying deposit accounts registered to the same address will be subject to the overall purchase limitation of 40,000 shares ($400,000). Please see the prospectus for further details regarding additional information regarding the maximum purchase limits for investors in the stock offering.

Value of Plan Assets  As of [April 1, 2021], the market value of the assets of the 401(k) Plan was approximately $14,983,028.
How to Order Common Stock in the Offering  

Enclosed is a Special Investment Election Form on which you can elect to make a special election to purchase Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock in the stock offering through the 401(k) Plan. This is done by following the procedures described below. Note the following stipulations concerning this election:

 

•  Using your Special Election Form, can designate a percentage (up to 50%) of your total 401(k) Plan account balance to be used to purchase Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock.

 

•  Your election is subject to a minimum purchase of 25 shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock at the purchase price of $10.00 per share.

 

•  Your election, plus any order you placed outside the 401(k) Plan, are together subject to a maximum purchase limit of no more than 40,000 shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock, which equals $400,000.

 

•  The election period for the 401(k) Plan opens [date] and closes at 4:00 p.m., Eastern Time, on [date] (the “401(k) Plan Offering Period”).

 

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•  During the stock offering period, you will continue to have the ability to transfer amounts that are not directed to purchase Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock among all other investment funds. However, you will not be permitted to change the investment amounts that you designated to be used to purchase Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock on your Special Investment Election Form.

 

•  As soon as practicable following the 401(k) Plan Offering Period (most likely on or about the second day), the 401(k) Plan trustee will sell, on a pro-rata basis, a percentage of each of your investment funds within your 401(k) Plan account based on the percentage designated in your Special Investment Election Form. You cannot choose the particular investment fund that will be liquidated to fund the stock purchase. Thereafter, the proceeds (rounded down to the nearest $10.00 increment) will be transferred to an interest bearing account held by the 401(k) Plan pending the formal closing of the stock offering several weeks after the 401(k) Plan Offering Period. Therefore, this money will not be available for distributions, loans or withdrawals until it is used to purchase Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock or allocated among your other investments.

 

•  Following the completion of the stock offering, your purchased shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock will be reflected in your 401(k) Plan account through the Blue Foundry Bancorp Stock Fund.

 

If you wish to purchase Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock in the stock offering through the 401(k) Plan, you should indicate that on your Special Investment Election Form.

Special Investment Election Form Delivery Deadline  

If you wish to purchase Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock with a portion of your 401(k) Plan account balance, you must return you Special Investment Election Form to Acela Roselle, Human Resources Director at Blue Foundry Bank; telephone number: (201) 507-3180; email: aroselle@bluefoundrybank.com, to be received no later than 4:00 p.m., Eastern Time, on [date]. You may return your Special Investment Election Form by hand delivery, mail using the self-addressed pre-paid envelope or email (sending it to aroselle@bluefoundrybank.com).

 

 

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  If you do not wish to make an election to purchase shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock with a portion of your 401(k) Plan account balance, you should check the appropriate box in Section D on the Special Investment Election Form and return the form either using the self-addressed pre-paid envelope or by delivering it in person or by email to Acela Roselle, Human Resources Director at Blue Foundry Bank; telephone number: (201) 507-3180; email: aroselle@bluefoundrybank.com, no later than 4:00 p.m., Eastern Time, on [date].
Irrevocability of Transfer Direction  Once you make an election to transfer amounts in your Plan account to be used to purchase shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock in connection with the stock offering, you may not change your election. Your election is irrevocable. You will, however, continue to have the ability to transfer amounts not directed towards the purchase of shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock among all of the other investment funds in the 401(k) Plan on a daily basis.
Future Direction to Purchase and Sell common stock  

You will be able to purchase Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock after the stock offering through the 401(k) Plan. You will also be able to sell your interest in the Blue Foundry Bancorp Stock Fund (subject to the restrictions below).

 

After the stock offering, to the extent that shares are available, the trustee of the 401(k) Plan will acquire shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock at your election in open market transactions at the prevailing price, which may be less than or more than $10.00 per share. You may change your investment allocation on a daily basis. However, please be advised that your ability to buy or sell Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock within the 401(k) Plan largely depends upon the existence of an active market for the stock. If Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock is illiquid (meaning there are a low number of buyers and sellers of the stock) on the date you elect to buy or sell Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock within the 401(k) Plan, your election may not be immediately processed. As a result, the prevailing price for Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock may be less than or more than its fair market value on the date of your election.

 

Special restrictions may apply to purchasing shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock by the participants who are subject to the provisions of Section 16(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, relating to the purchase and sale of securities by officers, directors and principal stockholders of Blue Foundry Bancorp.

 

 

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  Please note that if you are an executive officer of Blue Foundry Bank that is restricted by Blue Foundry Bank’s banking regulators from selling shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock acquired in the stock offering for one year, the Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock that you purchased in the stock offering will not be tradable until the one-year trading restriction has lapsed, except upon death, judicial declaration of incompetency of the individual or regulatory approval.
Voting Rights of common stock  The 401(k) Plan provides that you may direct the trustee as to how to vote your shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock held in the Blue Foundry Bancorp Stock Fund. If the trustee does not receive your voting instructions, the administrator of the 401(k) Plan will direct the trustee to vote your shares in the same proportion as the voting instructions received from other participants related to their shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock held in the Blue Foundry Bancorp Stock Fund, provided the vote is made in accordance with certain requirements under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended (“ERISA”). All voting instructions will be kept confidential.

 

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DESCRIPTION OF THE PLAN

Introduction

Blue Foundry Bank originally adopted the Blue Foundry Bank 401(k) Plan (the “401(k) Plan”) effective as of May 1, 1994. The 401(k) Plan is a tax-qualified plan with a cash or deferred compensation feature established in accordance with the requirements under Section 401(a) and Section 401(k) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”).

Blue Foundry Bank intends that the 401(k) Plan, in operation, will comply with the requirements under Section 401(a) and Section 401(k) of the Code. Blue Foundry Bank will adopt any amendments to the 401(k) Plan that may be necessary to ensure the continuing qualified status of the 401(k) Plan under the Code and applicable Treasury Regulations.

Employee Retirement Income Security Act (“ERISA”). The 401(k) Plan is an “individual account plan” other than a “money purchase pension plan” within the meaning of ERISA. As such, the 401(k) Plan is subject to all of the provisions of Title I (Protection of Employee Benefit Rights) and Title II (Amendments to the Code Relating to Retirement Plans) of ERISA, except for the funding requirements contained in Part 3 of Title I of ERISA which by their terms do not apply to an individual account plan (other than a money purchase plan). The 401(k) Plan is not subject to Title IV (Plan Termination Insurance) of ERISA. The funding requirements contained in Title IV of ERISA are not applicable to participants or beneficiaries under the 401(k) Plan.

Reference to Full Text of Plan. The following portions of this prospectus supplement summarize certain provisions of the 401(k) Plan. They are not complete and are qualified in their entirety by the full text of the 401(k) Plan. Copies of the 401(k) Plan are available to all employees by filing a request with the 401(k) Plan administrator c/o Pentegra Services, Inc., 701 Westchester Avenue, Suite 320E, White Plains, New York 10604; (800) 872-3473. You are urged to read carefully the full text of the 401(k) Plan.

Eligibility and Participation

Employees who are at least age 18 years of age are eligible to enter the 401(k) Plan on the first day of the next month in order to make employee deferrals and receive safe-harbor matching contributions. Employees of Blue Foundry Bank who are at least 18 years of age and have worked at least 1,000 hours during a twelve month period are eligible to enter the 401(k) Plan on the first day of the next month following the date on which the employee satisfies these eligibility requirements in order to receive profit sharing contributions. All employees except for union employees, leased employees, and employees who are classified as “Flex Staff Employees” are eligible to participate in the 401(k) Plan upon meeting the eligibility requirements. The “Plan Year” is January 1 to December 31.

As of [April 1, 2021], there were approximately 161 employees and former employees eligible to participate in the 401(k) Plan.

 

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Contributions Under the Plan

Salary Deferrals. Eligible employees will automatically have 3% of their salary initially deferred as a pre-tax contribution. The automatic deferral percentage will increase 1% each year until the employee’s deferral percentage equals six percent. However, you may elect to change or stop the automatic deferral at any time. You are permitted to defer, on a pre-tax basis, up to 100% of your compensation, subject to certain restrictions imposed by the Code, and to have that amount contributed to the 401(k) Plan on your behalf. You may further elect to designate your salary deferrals as pre-tax contributions or after-tax Roth contributions. For purposes of the 401(k) Plan, “compensation” means your total wages received from Blue Foundry Bank, with all pre-tax contributions added, that are reported on a Form W-2. “Compensation” includes your total taxable wages or salary, including any salary deferrals under the 401(k) Plan or any other pre-tax salary reduction contributions you may make to any other plans maintained by Blue Foundry Bank. In 2021, the annual compensation of each participant taken into account under the 401(k) Plan is limited to $290,000. (Limits established by the Internal Revenue Service are subject to increase pursuant to an annual cost-of-living adjustment, as permitted by the Code). You may elect to modify the amount contributed to the 401(k) Plan by filing a new elective deferral agreement with the 401(k) Plan administrator at the beginning of the next payroll period.

Employer Matching Contributions. Blue Foundry Bank will make matching contributions to the 401(k) Plan, equal to 100% of the amount contributed for the first 4% of the participant’s plan compensation, plus 50% of the amount contributed between 4% and 6% of the participant’s plan compensation.

Discretionary Employer Contributions. Blue Foundry Bank may make discretionary employer contributions to the 401(k) Plan.

Qualified Non-Elective Contributions. Blue Foundry Bank may also make discretionary qualified non-elective contributions (“QNEC”) to the 401(k) Plan. You will be automatically 100% vested in any QNECs.

Rollover Contributions. You are permitted to make rollover contributions to the 401(k) Plan.

Limitations on Contributions

Limitations on Employee Salary Deferrals. For the Plan Year beginning January 1, 2021, the amount of your before-tax contributions may not exceed $19,500 per calendar year. In addition, if you are at least 50 years old in 2021, you will be able to make a “catch-up” contribution of up to $6,500 in addition to the $19,500 limit. The “catch-up” contribution limit may be adjusted periodically by law, based on changes in the cost of living. Contributions in excess of these limits, as applicable to you, are known as excess deferrals. If you defer amounts in excess of these limitations, as applicable to you, your gross income for federal income tax purposes will include the excess in the year of the deferral. In addition, unless the excess deferral is distributed before April 15 of the following year, it will be taxed again in the year distributed. Income on the excess deferral distributed by April 15 of the immediately succeeding year will be treated, for federal income tax purposes, as earned and received by you in the tax year in which the contribution is made.

 

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Contribution Limit. Generally, the law imposes a maximum limit on the amount of contributions you may receive under the 401(k) Plan. This limit applies to all contributions to the 401(k) Plan, including your salary deferrals and all other employer contributions made on your behalf during the year, excluding earnings and any transfers/rollovers. For the Plan Year beginning January 1, 2021, this total cannot exceed the lesser of $58,000 or 100% of your annual base compensation.

Benefits Under the Plan

Vesting. At all times, you have a fully vested, nonforfeitable interest in the salary deferrals you have made to the 401(k) Plan and in any employer safe harbor contributions made to your 401(k) Plan account by Blue Foundry Bank. Prior employer matching contributions (except for QNECs and safe harbor contributions) are subject to a three-year vesting schedule such that you will become 25% vested after one year of service, 50% vested after two years of service and 100% after three years of service. Profit sharing contributions also vest over three years, but are 0% vested for the first three years and are 100% after you complete three years of service. In the event of your death, disability or attainment of the normal retirement age, all of your employer contributions would immediately become 100% vested.

Withdrawals and Distributions from the Plan

Applicable federal law requires the 401(k) Plan to impose substantial restrictions on the right of a Plan participant to withdraw amounts held for his or her benefit under the 401(k) Plan prior to the participant’s termination of employment with the employer.

Withdrawals upon Termination. You may request a distribution from your account following your termination of employment. Following your termination, you may elect to leave your account balance in the 401(k) Plan and defer commencement of receipt of your vested balance until no later than [April 1] of the calendar year following the calendar year in which you attain age 72. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if the value of your vested account balance does not exceed $1,000, your vested account balance will be distributed from the 401(k) Plan, whether or not you consent.

Withdrawal upon Disability.    If you are disabled in accordance with the definition of disability under the 401(k) Plan, you will be entitled to the same withdrawal rights as if you had terminated your employment.

Withdrawal upon Death. If you die while you are a participant in the 401(k) Plan, the value of your entire account will be payable to your beneficiary in accordance with the 401(k) Plan.

In-Service Distribution. While employed, you are eligible to receive an in-service distribution from your account after your attainment of age 5912. However, you will be eligible to request a distribution of your rollover contributions at any time.

Hardship. In the event you incur a financial hardship, you may request an in-service withdrawal of a portion of your Plan account attributable to your salary deferrals.

 

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Participant Loans. Participant loans are allowed in accordance with the 401(k) Plan’s participant loan procedures.

Form of Distribution. You may elect to have your benefits under the 401(k) Plan distributed to you or your beneficiary in a single lump-sum payment or in equal annual installments over a set number of years.

Investment of Contributions and Account Balances

All amounts credited to your account under the 401(k) Plan are held in the 401(k) Plan trust, which is administered by the trustee of the 401(k) Plan. Prior to the effective date of the stock offering, you are currently provided the opportunity to direct the investment of your account into the following investment options:

 

BlackRock LifePath Index Retire K
BlackRock LifePath Index 2025 K
BlackRock LifePath Index 2030 K
BlackRock LifePath Index 2035 K
BlackRock LifePath Index 2040 K
BlackRock LifePath Index 2045 K
BlackRock LifePath Index 2050 K
BlackRock LifePath Index 2055 K
BlackRock LifePath Index 2060 K
BlackRock LifePath Index 2065 K
Vanguard Value Index Admiral
Vanguard 500 Index Admiral
Vanguard Growth Index Admiral
Vanguard Mid Cap Index Admiral
Vanguard Small Cap Index Admiral
Vanguard Total International Stock Index Admiral
Vanguard Real Estate Index Admiral
Reliance MetLife Series 25053 Cl 0
Dodge & Cox Income
Federated Hermes Institutional High Yield Bd R6
Blue Foundry Bancorp Stock Fund

In connection with the stock offering, the 401(k) Plan now provides that in addition to the investment options specified above, you may direct the trustee, or its representative, to invest a portion of your account in shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock.

Performance History and Description of Funds

The following provides performance data with respect to the investment options available under the 401(k) Plan:

 

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YTD Returns
as of

December 31,

  Total Returns as of December 31, 2020 

Fund Name

  2020  1 Year  3 Year  5 Year  10 Year 

BlackRock LifePath Index Retire K

   12.22  12.22  7.87  8.02  n/a 

BlackRock LifePath Index 2025 K

   12.42  12.42  8.39  9.27  n/a 

BlackRock LifePath Index 2030 K

   13.05  13.05  8.93  10.04  n/a 

BlackRock LifePath Index 2035 K

   13.72  13.72  9.44  10.81  n/a 

BlackRock LifePath Index 2040 K

   14.10  14.10  9.85  11.44  n/a 

BlackRock LifePath Index 2045 K

   14.65  14.65  10.21  11.91  n/a 

BlackRock LifePath Index 2050 K

   15.04  15.04  10.36  12.09  n/a 

BlackRock LifePath Index 2055 K

   15.02  15.02  10.38  12.11  n/a 

BlackRock LifePath Index 2060 K

   15.06  15.06  10.41  n/a   n/a 

BlackRock LifePath Index 2065 K

   15.47  15.47  n/a   n/a   n/a 

Vanguard Value Index Admiral

   2.29  2.29  6.77  10.75  11.22

Vanguard 500 Index Admiral

   18.37  18.37  14.14  15.18  13.85

Vanguard Growth Index Admiral

   40.19  40.19  22.97  20.32  16.67

Vanguard Mid Cap Index Admiral

   18.24  18.24  12.04  13.28  12.40

Vanguard Small Cap Index Admiral

   19.11  19.11  11.22  13.60  12.01

Vanguard Total International Stock Index Admiral

   11.28  11.28  4.98  9.09  5.13

Vanguard Real Estate Index Admiral

   -4.65  -4.65  4.96  5.65  8.68

Reliance MetLife Series 25053 Cl 0

   2.34  2.34  2.71  2.60  2.73

Dodge & Cox Income

   9.45  9.45  6.19  5.71  4.65

Federated Hermes Institutional High Yield Bd R6

   5.99  5.99  5.80  7.90  6.76

The following is a description of each of the 401(k) Plan’s investment funds and other investments:

BlackRock LifePath Index Funds K. The series’ investment objective is to seek to provide for retirement outcomes based on quantitatively measured risk. In pursuit of this objective, each fund of the series is broadly diversified across global asset classes, as reflected in the underlying holdings of BlackRock Index Funds, with asset allocations becoming more conservative over time, investing a greater percentage of assets in fixed-income funds. Under normal circumstances, the asset allocation of fund in the series will change over time according to a predetermined glide path as each fund approaches its respective target date. However, BlackRock may adjust the proportion of equity and fixed-income index funds in each LifePath fund based on an assessment of the current market conditions, the potential contribution of each asset class to the expected risk and return characteristics of each fund in the series, and other factors, although such adjustments will be limited. At the target year, the funds merge into the LifePath Index Retirement Fund which is the endpoint of the glide path and whose allocation remains static with 40% of assets invested in equity and 60%of assets invested in fixed-income.

Vanguard Value Index Admiral. This is a passively managed (indexed) large-cap value fund. The fund seeks to track the performance of the CRSP U.S. Large Value Index, an index that measures the investment return of large-capitalization value stocks. The fund uses a full replication approach and holds all the stocks in the index at comparable weights.

Vanguard 500 Index Admiral. This is a large-cap core fund. The fund seeks investment results that correspond to the total return (i.e., the combination of capital changes and income) of common stocks publicly traded in the United States, as represented by the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index (S&P 500), while keeping transaction cost and other expenses lower.

 

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Vanguard Growth Index Admiral. The investment seeks to track the performance of a benchmark index that measures the investment return of large-capitalization value stocks. The fund employs an indexing investment approach designed to track the performance of the CRSP U.S. Large Cap Growth Index, a broadly diversified index predominantly made up of value stocks of large U.S. companies. It attempts to replicate the target index by investing all, or substantially all, of its assets in the stocks that make up the index, holding each stock in approximately the same proportion as its weighting in the index.

Vanguard Mid Cap Index Admiral. The investment seeks to track the performance of a benchmark index that measures the investment return of mid-capitalization stocks. The fund employs an indexing investment approach designed to track the performance of the CRSP U.S. Mid Cap Index, a broadly diversified index of stocks of mid-size U.S. companies. It attempts to replicate the target index by investing all, or substantially all, of its assets in the stocks that make up the index, holding each stock in approximately the same proportion as its weighting in the index.

Vanguard Small Cap Index Admiral. The investment seeks to track the performance of a benchmark index that measures the investment return of small-capitalization stocks. The fund employs an indexing investment approach designed to track the performance of the CRSP U.S. Small Cap Index, a broadly diversified index of stocks of small U.S. companies. It attempts to replicate the target index by investing all, or substantially all, of its assets in the stocks that make up the index, holding each stock in approximately the same proportion as its weighting in the index.

Vanguard Total International Stock Index Admiral. This is an international (non-U.S.) large-cap blend equity fund that seeks to track the performance of a benchmark index that measures the investment return of stocks issued by companies located in developed and emerging markets, excluding the United States. The fund employs a “passive-management”-or indexing-investment approach designed to track the performance of the FTSE Global All Cap ex U.S. Index. The fund utilizes a representative sampling approach to track its benchmark index.

Vanguard Real Estate Index Admiral. The fund seeks to provide a high level of income and moderate long-term capital appreciation by tracking the performance of a benchmark index (MSCI US Investable Market Real Estate 25/50 Index) that measures the performance of publicly traded equity REITs and other real estate-related investments. The fund seeks to track the index using a full replication approach.

Reliance MetLife Stable Value Fund. This is a stable value offering that is designed to provide safety and preservation of principal and accumulated interest for participant-initiated transactions. The interest credited to balances in the fund will reflect both current market conditions and performance of the underlying investments in the fund. MetLife provides the book value wrapper for this fund. The fund typically uses a multi-manager approach for investing its assets in a combination of fixed-income securities and guaranteed interest contracts.

 

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Dodge & Cox Income. The investment seeks a high and stable rate of current income, consistent with long- term preservation of capital. The fund invests in a diversified portfolio of high-quality bonds and other debt securities. Normally, the fund will invest at least 80% of its total assets in the following categories: debt obligations issued or guaranteed by the U.S. government, its agencies or GSEs; investment-grade debt securities; unrated securities if deemed to be of investment-grade quality by Dodge & Cox; and bankers’ acceptances, bank certificates of deposit, repurchase agreements, and commercial paper.

Federated Hermes Institutional High Yield Bond R6. This fund pursues a high level of current income and Invests in below-investment-grade securities, providing exposure to the higher-yielding, lower-rated, corporate bond market. The portfolio management team conducts bottom-up fundamental analysis focusing on the quality of an issuer’s underlying business. The ultimate goal is to construct a portfolio of strong and stable operating companies that have a competitive advantage within their respective industry and high free cash flow to debt.

Investors should carefully consider a mutual fund’s investment objectives, risks, charges, and expenses prior to investing. A prospectus, or summary prospectus if available, containing this and other information can be obtained by contacting the 401(k) Plan administrator. Read the prospectus carefully before investing.

Before directing retirement funds to a separate account, investors should carefully consider the investment objectives, risks, charges, and expenses of the separate account as well as their individual risk tolerance, time horizon and goals. For additional information, contact the 401(k) Plan administrator.

Blue Foundry Bancorp Stock Fund. In connection with the stock offering, you may, in the manner described earlier, direct the trustee to invest all or a portion of your 401(k) Plan account in Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock. The trustee will use all amounts elected by participants to acquire shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock in the reorganization and common stock offering. Your purchased shares will be held within the 401(k) Plan by the Blue Foundry Bancorp Stock Fund. The Blue Foundry Bancorp Stock Fund is neither a mutual fund nor a diversified or managed investment option. Rather, it is merely a recordkeeping mechanism established by the 401(k) Plan custodian to track the shares purchased by the participants in the stock offering through the 401(k) Plan. The Blue Foundry Bancorp Stock Fund will consist solely of shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock purchased by participants in the 401(k) Plan, which will be initially valued at $10.00 per share (i.e., the purchase price). Your interest in the Blue Foundry Bancorp Stock Fund will be denominated in shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock. After the stock offering, the 401(k) Plan will also maintain a Stock Liquidity Fund. New contributions or transfers of funds into the Blue Foundry Bancorp Stock Fund will first be held in the Stock Liquidity Fund. Once the shares are purchased, they will be transferred into the Blue Foundry Bancorp Stock Fund.

As of the date of this prospectus supplement, there is no established market for Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock. Accordingly, there is no record of the historical performance of the Blue Foundry Bancorp Stock Fund. Performance of the Blue Foundry Bancorp Stock Fund depends on a number of factors, including the financial condition and profitability of Blue Foundry Bancorp and Blue Foundry Bank and market conditions for shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock generally.

 

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Investment in Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock involves risks common to investments in the shares of stock. For a discussion of material risks you should consider, see “Risk Factors: of this prospectus supplement, “Risk Factors” beginning on page 18 of the attached prospectus, and the section of this prospectus supplement called “Notice of Your Rights Concerning Employer Securities” below.

You may elect to have both past contributions and earnings, as well as future contributions to your account invested among the options listed above, including the Blue Foundry Bancorp Stock Fund. Transfers of past contributions and the earnings thereon do not affect the investment mix of future contributions. You may change your investment directions at any time.

An investment in any of the funds listed above is not a deposit of a bank and is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other governmental agency. As with any mutual fund investment, there is always a risk that you may lose money on your investment in any of the funds listed above. Please note that the MetLife Stable Value Fund is not a mutual fund, but rather a capital preservation fund.

Administration of the Plan

The Trustee and Custodian. Pentegra Trust Company serves as trustee of, and Reliance Trust Company as custodian for all the investment funds under, the 401(k) Plan.

Plan Administrator. Pursuant to the terms of the 401(k) Plan, the 401(k) Plan is administered by Pentegra Services, Inc. The address of the 401(k) Plan administrator is 701 Westchester Avenue, Suite 320E, White Plains, New York 10604, telephone number is (800) 872-3473. The 401(k) Plan administrator is responsible for the administration of the 401(k) Plan, interpretation of the provisions of the 401(k) Plan, prescribing procedures for filing applications for benefits, preparation and distribution of information explaining the 401(k) Plan, maintenance of Plan records, books of account and all other data necessary for the proper administration of the 401(k) Plan, preparation and filing of all returns and reports relating to the 401(k) Plan which are required to be filed with the U.S. Department of Labor and the Internal Revenue Service, and for all disclosures required to be made to participants, beneficiaries and others under Sections 104 and 105 of ERISA.

Reports to Plan Participants. The 401(k) Plan administrator will furnish you a statement at least quarterly showing the balance in your account as of the end of that period, the amount of contributions allocated to your account for that period, and any adjustments to your account to reflect earnings or losses (if any).

Amendment and Termination

It is the intention of Blue Foundry Bank to continue the 401(k) Plan indefinitely. Nevertheless, Blue Foundry Bank may terminate the 401(k) Plan at any time. If the 401(k) Plan is terminated in whole or in part, then regardless of other provisions in the 401(k) Plan, you will have a fully vested interest in your account. Blue Foundry Bank reserves the right to make any amendment or amendments to the 401(k) Plan which do not cause any part of the trust to be used for, or diverted to, any purpose other than the exclusive benefit of participants or their beneficiaries; provided, however, that Blue Foundry Bank may make any amendment it determines necessary or desirable, with or without retroactive effect, to comply with ERISA.

 

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Merger, Consolidation or Transfer

In the event of the merger or consolidation of the 401(k) Plan with another plan, or the transfer of the trust assets to another plan, the 401(k) Plan requires that you would, if either the 401(k) Plan or the other plan terminates, receive a benefit immediately after the merger, consolidation or transfer which is equal to or greater than the benefit you would have been entitled to receive immediately before the merger, consolidation or transfer, if the 401(k) Plan had then terminated.

Federal Income Tax Consequences

The following is a brief summary of the material federal income tax aspects of the 401(k) Plan. You should not rely on this summary as a complete or definitive description of the material federal income tax consequences relating to the 401(k) Plan. Statutory provisions change, as do their interpretations, and their application may vary in individual circumstances. Finally, the consequences under applicable state and local income tax laws may not be the same as under the federal income tax laws. Please consult your tax advisor with respect to any distribution from the 401(k) Plan and transactions involving the 401(k) Plan.

As a “tax-qualified retirement plan,” the Code affords the 401(k) Plan special tax treatment, including:

 

 (1)

the sponsoring employer is allowed an immediate tax deduction for the amount contributed to the 401(k) Plan each year;

 

 (2)

participants pay no current income tax on amounts contributed by the employer on their behalf; and

 

 (3)

earnings of the 401(k) Plan are tax-deferred, thereby permitting the tax-free accumulation of income and gains on investments.

Blue Foundry Bank will administer the 401(k) Plan to comply with the requirements of the Code as of the applicable effective date of any change in the law.

Lump-Sum Distribution. A distribution from the 401(k) Plan to a participant or the beneficiary of a participant will qualify as a lump-sum distribution if it is made within one taxable year, on account of the participant’s death, disability or separation from service, or after the participant attains age 5912, and consists of the balance credited to participants under the 401(k) Plan and all other profit sharing plans, if any, maintained by Blue Foundry Bank. The portion of any lump-sum distribution required to be included in your taxable income for federal income tax purposes consists of the entire amount of the lump-sum distribution, less the amount of after-tax contributions, if any, you have made to this Plan and any other profit sharing plans maintained by Blue Foundry Bank, which is included in the distribution.

 

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Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock Included in Lump-Sum Distribution. If a lump-sum distribution includes Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock, the distribution generally will be taxed in the manner described above, except that the total taxable amount may be reduced by the amount of any net unrealized appreciation with respect to Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock; that is, the excess of the value of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock at the time of the distribution over its cost or other basis of the securities to the trust. The tax basis of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock, for purposes of computing gain or loss on its subsequent sale, equals the value of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock at the time of distribution, less the amount of net unrealized appreciation. Any gain on a subsequent sale or other taxable disposition of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock, to the extent of the amount of net unrealized appreciation at the time of distribution, will constitute long-term capital gain, regardless of the holding period of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock. Any gain on a subsequent sale or other taxable disposition of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock, in excess of the amount of net unrealized appreciation at the time of distribution, will be considered long-term capital gain. The recipient of a distribution may elect to include the amount of any net unrealized appreciation in the total taxable amount of the distribution, to the extent allowed by regulations to be issued by the Internal Revenue Service.

Distributions: Rollovers and Direct Transfers to Another Qualified Plan or to an IRA. You may roll over virtually all distributions from the 401(k) Plan to another qualified plan or to an individual retirement account in accordance with the terms of the other plan or account.

Notice of Your Rights Concerning Employer Securities

Federal law provides specific rights concerning investments in employer securities. Because you may in the future have investments in Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock under the 401(k) Plan, you should take the time to read the following information carefully.

Your Rights Concerning Employer Securities. The Plan must allow you to elect to move any portion of your account that is invested in Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock from that investment into other investment alternatives under the 401(k) Plan. You may contact the 401(k) Plan administrator shown above for specific information regarding this right, including how to make this election. In deciding whether to exercise this right, you will want to give careful consideration to the information below that describes the importance of diversification. All of the investment options under the 401(k) Plan are available to you if you decide to diversify out of your investment in Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock.

The Importance of Diversifying Your Retirement Savings. To help achieve long-term retirement security, you should give careful consideration to the benefits of a well-balanced and diversified investment portfolio. Spreading your assets among different types of investments can help you achieve a favorable rate of return, while minimizing your overall risk of losing money. This is because market or other economic conditions that cause one category of assets, or one particular security, to perform very well often cause another asset category, or another particular security, to perform poorly. If you invest more than 20% of your retirement savings in any one company or industry, your savings may not be properly diversified. Although diversification is not a guarantee against loss, it is an effective strategy to help you manage investment risk.

 

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In deciding how to invest your retirement savings, you should take into account all of your assets, including any retirement savings outside of the 401(k) Plan. No single approach is right for everyone because, among other factors, individuals have different financial goals, different time horizons for meeting their goals, and different tolerance for risk. Therefore, you should carefully consider the rights described here and how these rights affect the amount of money that you invest in employer common stock through the 401(k) Plan.

It is also important to periodically review your investment portfolio, your investment objectives, and the investment options under the 401(k) Plan to help ensure that your retirement savings will meet your retirement goals.

Additional Employee Retirement Income Security Act (“ERISA”) Considerations

As noted above, the 401(k) Plan is subject to certain provisions of ERISA, including special provisions relating to control over the 401(k) Plan’s assets by participants and beneficiaries. The 401(k) Plan’s feature that allows you to direct the investment of your account balances is intended to satisfy the requirements of Section 404(c) of ERISA relating to control over plan assets by a participant or beneficiary. The effect of this is two-fold. First, you will not be deemed a “fiduciary” because of your exercise of investment discretion. Second, no person who otherwise is a fiduciary, such as Blue Foundry Bank, the 401(k) Plan administrator, or the 401(k) Plan’s trustee is liable under the fiduciary responsibility provision of ERISA for any loss which results from your exercise of control over the assets in your 401(k) Plan account.

Because you will be entitled to invest all or a portion of your account balance in the 401(k) Plan in Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock, the regulations under Section 404(c) of the ERISA require that the 401(k) Plan establish procedures that ensure the confidentiality of your decision to purchase, hold, or sell employer securities, except to the extent that disclosure of such information is necessary to comply with federal or state laws not preempted by ERISA. These regulations also require that your exercise of voting and similar rights with respect to Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock be conducted in a way that ensures the confidentiality of your exercise of these rights.

Securities and Exchange Commission Reporting and Short-Swing Profit Liability

Section 16 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 imposes reporting and liability requirements on officers, directors, and persons beneficially owning more than 10% of public companies such as Blue Foundry Bancorp. Section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 requires the filing of reports of beneficial ownership. Within 10 days of becoming an officer, director or person beneficially owning more than 10% of the shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp, a Form 3 reporting initial beneficial ownership must be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Changes in beneficial ownership, such as purchases, sales and gifts generally must be reported periodically, either on a Form 4 within two business days after the change occurs, or annually on a Form 5 within 45 days after the close of Blue Foundry Bancorp’s fiscal year. Discretionary transactions in and beneficial ownership of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock by officers, directors and persons beneficially owning more than 10% of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock generally must be reported to the Securities and Exchange Commission by such individuals.

 

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In addition to the reporting requirements described above, Section 16(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, provides for the recovery by Blue Foundry Bancorp of profits realized by an officer, director or any person beneficially owning more than 10% of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock resulting from non-exempt purchases and sales of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock within any six-month period.

The Securities and Exchange Commission has adopted rules that provide exemptions from the profit recovery provisions of Section 16(b) for all transactions in employer securities within an employee benefit plan, provided certain requirements are met. These requirements generally involve restrictions upon the timing of elections to acquire or dispose of employer securities for the accounts of Section 16(b) persons.

Except for distributions of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock due to death, disability, retirement, termination of employment or under a qualified domestic relations order, persons affected by Section 16(b) are required to hold shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock distributed from the 401(k) Plan for six months following such distribution and are prohibited from directing additional purchases of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock for six months after receiving such a distribution.

Financial Information Regarding Plan Assets

Financial information representing the net assets available for 401(k) Plan benefits and the change in net assets available for 401(k) Plan benefits at December  31, 2020, is available upon written request to the 401(k) Plan administrator at the address shown above.

LEGAL OPINION

The validity of the issuance of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock has been passed upon by Luse Gorman, PC, Washington, D.C., which firm acted as special counsel to Blue Foundry Bank in connection with Blue Foundry Bancorp’s stock offering.

 

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PROSPECTUS

Blue Foundry Bancorp

(Proposed Holding Company for Blue Foundry Bank)

Up to 27,772,500 Shares of Common Stock

 

 

Blue Foundry Bancorp, a Delaware corporation, is offering shares of common stock for sale at $10.00 per share in connection with the conversion of Blue Foundry, MHC from the mutual holding company to the stock holding company form of organization. There are currently no shares of our common stock held by public shareholders. We expect to list our common stock on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “BLFY.” We are an “emerging growth company” as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012.

The shares of common stock are first being offered in a subscription offering to eligible depositors and tax-qualified employee benefit plans of Blue Foundry Bank. Shares not purchased in the subscription offering may be offered for sale to the general public in a community offering, with a preference given first to residents of the communities served by Blue Foundry Bank. Any shares of common stock not purchased in the subscription or community offerings may be offered to the public through a syndicated community offering or in a separate firm commitment underwritten public offering.

We may sell up to 27,772,500 shares of common stock because of demand for the shares of common stock or changes in market conditions, without resoliciting subscribers. We must sell a minimum of 17,850,000 shares to complete the stock offering. In addition to the shares that we will sell in the stock offering, we intend to establish a charitable foundation in connection with the conversion and contribute to it 750,000 shares and $1.5 million in cash.

The minimum order is 25 shares. The subscription offering will expire at 2:00 p.m., Eastern Time, on [expiration date]. We expect that the community offering, if held, will terminate at the same time. We may extend the expiration date without notice to you until [extension date], or longer if the Federal Reserve Board approves a later date. Once submitted, orders are irrevocable unless the subscription and community offerings are terminated or extended beyond [extension date], or the number of shares of common stock to be sold is increased to more than 27,772,500 shares or decreased to less than 17,850,000 shares. In these instances, we will resolicit subscribers, and all funds delivered to us to purchase shares of common stock will be returned promptly with interest. Funds received in the subscription and the community offerings will be held in a segregated account at Blue Foundry Bank and will earn interest at [interest rate]% per annum until completion or termination of the stock offering.

Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc. will assist us in selling the shares on a best efforts basis in the subscription and community offerings, and will serve as sole manager for any syndicated community offering or firm commitment underwritten public offering. Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc. is not required to purchase any shares of common stock that are sold in the stock offering.

OFFERING SUMMARY

Price: $10.00 per Share

 

   Minimum   Midpoint   Maximum   Adjusted
Maximum
 

Number of shares

   17,850,000    21,000,000    24,150,000    27,772,500 

Gross offering proceeds

  $178,500,000   $210,000,000   $241,500,00   $277,725,000 

Estimated offering expenses, excluding selling agent and underwriters’ commissions

  $2,000,000   $2,000,000   $2,000,000   $2,000,000 

Selling agent and underwriters’ commissions(1)

  $1,542,833   $1,779,163   $2,025,493   $2,308,772 

Estimated net proceeds

  $ 174,967,168   $ 206,220,838   $ 237,474,508   $ 273,416,228 

Estimated net proceeds per share

  $9.80   $9.82   $9.83   $9.84 

 

(1)

The amounts shown assume that all of the shares are sold in the subscription and community offerings and includes reimbursement of selling agent’s expenses. See “Pro Forma Data” and “The Conversion and Stock Offering—Plan of Distribution; Selling Agent and Underwriter Compensation” for information regarding compensation to be received by Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc. in the subscription and community offerings and the compensation to be received by Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc. and the other broker-dealers that may participate in the syndicated community offering or firm commitment underwritten public offering. If all shares of common stock were sold in the syndicated community offering or firm commitment underwritten public offering, excluding those purchased by our insiders and by our employee stock ownership plan, for which no selling agent fee will be paid, the selling agent fees and expenses would be approximately $9.6 million, $11.3 million, $13.1 million and $15.1 million at the minimum, midpoint, maximum and adjusted maximum levels of the stock offering, respectively.

This investment involves a degree of risk, including the possible loss of principal.

Please read “Risk Factors” beginning on page 18.

These securities are not deposits or accounts and are not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other government agency. None of the Securities and Exchange Commission, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the New Jersey Department of Banking and Insurance, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, nor any state securities regulator has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectus is accurate or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 

LOGO

For assistance, please contact the Stock Information Center at [Stock center number].

The date of this prospectus is [Prospectus date].


Table of Contents

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Table of Contents


Table of Contents

SUMMARY

The following summary provides material information about the conversion and the stock offering, but it may not contain all of the information that is important to you. Before making an investment decision, you should read carefully this entire document, including the consolidated financial statements that appear starting on page F-1 of this prospectus and the notes thereto and the section entitled “Risk Factors.”

In this prospectus, the terms “we,” “our,” and “us” refer to Blue Foundry, MHC, Blue Foundry Bancorp, Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ and Blue Foundry Bank, unless the context indicates another meaning.

Blue Foundry Bank

Blue Foundry Bank is a New Jersey-chartered stock savings bank headquartered in Rutherford, New Jersey that operates 16 branches in Bergen, Morris, Essex and Passaic Counties, New Jersey. In addition, we have two new proposed de novo branches in Chatham and Jersey City, New Jersey, that have received regulatory approval and which we anticipate will be opened early in the second quarter and early in the fourth quarter of 2021, respectively. At December 31, 2020, Blue Foundry Bank had assets of $1.94 billion, deposits of $1.36 billion and total shareholders’ equity of $205.6 million.

Blue Foundry Bank was formed in 1939 as Boiling Springs Savings & Loan Association through the combination of the Rutherford Mutual Loan and Building Association (which had been founded in the 1870s to provide thrift and home financing services to a growing community) and the East Rutherford Savings, Loan and Building Association.

In 1992, Boiling Springs Savings & Loan Association converted to a New Jersey-chartered mutual savings bank, and, in 1999, Boiling Springs Savings Bank reorganized into the mutual holding company form of organization. Boiling Springs Savings Bank’s name was changed to Blue Foundry Bank in 2019. Currently, Blue Foundry Bank is the wholly-owned subsidiary of Blue Foundry Bancorp, a New Jersey corporation (“Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ”), which is the wholly-owned subsidiary of Blue Foundry, MHC, a New Jersey mutual holding company.

Blue Foundry Bank’s main office is located at 19 Park Avenue, Rutherford, New Jersey 07070. Our website address is www.bluefoundrybank.com. Information on our website is not and should not be considered a part of this prospectus.

Blue Foundry Bancorp

Blue Foundry Bancorp is a newly formed Delaware corporation that will own all of the outstanding shares of common stock of Blue Foundry Bank upon completion of the mutual-to-stock conversion of Blue Foundry, MHC and the stock offering. Blue Foundry Bancorp has not engaged in any business to date.

The administrative headquarters of Blue Foundry Bancorp will be located at 7 Sylvan Way, Suite 200, Parsippany, New Jersey 07054, upon the completion of our relocation, which is currently scheduled for spring 2021. Our telephone number is (201) 939-6600.

Conversion of Blue Foundry, MHC

Pursuant to the terms of Blue Foundry, MHC’s plan of conversion, Blue Foundry, MHC will convert from the mutual holding company to the stock holding company corporate structure. Upon the completion of the conversion, Blue Foundry, MHC and Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ will cease to exist, and Blue Foundry Bank will be a wholly owned subsidiary of Blue Foundry Bancorp.

 

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Our Business and Franchise

For over 80 years, we have served the local communities where we operate and have deep and longstanding relationships with our business and retail customers as well as local municipalities. In recent years, in recognition of the economic, social and technological developments that are impacting the banking industry, we began a process of modernizing Blue Foundry Bank in an effort to thrive in this evolving landscape. As part of these efforts, we rebranded ourselves in 2019 as Blue Foundry Bank and have recruited a substantially new management team, enhanced our business practices, streamlined our expense structure and repositioned our business strategy. We believe our look, feel and boutique approach has positioned us for success with our customers and that the actions we have taken will allow us to produce strong financial results.

Blue Foundry Bank’s principal business consists of originating loans for one-to-four family residential properties, home equity loans and lines of credit, commercial real estate, multi-family, construction, commercial and industrial, and other consumer loans in the market areas surrounding our branch footprint. In addition, we often lend outside of our branch network in more densely populated and metropolitan areas, which benefits us by diversifying our lending. We attract retail deposits from the general public in the areas surrounding our main office and branches, offering a wide variety of deposit products. We also invest in investment securities. Our revenues are derived primarily from interest on loans and, to a lesser extent, interest on investment as well as mortgage-backed securities. Our primary sources of funds are deposits, borrowings and principal and interest payments on loans and securities.

Our Competitive Strengths

Well-positioned in attractive northern New Jersey market. Our market area includes the New Jersey counties of Bergen, Morris, Essex, Passaic and Hudson. These counties are part of one of the largest banking markets in the country, with a high concentration of successful businesses and affluent, highly educated and financially sophisticated individuals. Our over 80-year history operating in these markets has provided us with a familiarity with our local communities and customer base. Our employees have been trained to focus on customer service and utilize our significantly upgraded technology infrastructure to provide our customers with the financial products best suited to their needs. In recent years, these markets have seen a significant amount of consolidation among its banking institutions, resulting in opportunities to pursue customer relationships that may have been disrupted as a result of this consolidation.

We have hired and retained a management team supported by a committed workforce. Blue Foundry Bank hired James Nesci as its Chief Executive Officer in April 2018. Over the last several years, Mr. Nesci, with the guidance of the Board of Directors, has hired certain new senior level management, while retaining certain other key senior officers, all of whom understand and are engaged in implementing Blue Foundry Bank’s new focus and direction. In addition to their experience at Blue Foundry Bank, most of our executive officers have had prior management experience at other financial institutions, including with publicly traded banking companies. Specifically, over the course of the last three years we have retained new executives in the following positions: Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, Treasurer, Chief Technology Officer, Chief Retail Officer, Chief Risk Officer, Chief Credit Officer and Chief Marketing Officer. Additionally, we recently added a new board member whose experience with investment management, investment banking and the financial institutions industry brings valuable skills to our board. Our leadership team is supported by a high quality, highly motivated and diverse set of managers and employees who are committed to customer service and the new focus and vision of Blue Foundry Bank.

 

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In assembling our management team, we have sought out people whose skill sets go beyond those normally found in the traditional banking model. Key executives were selected based on their ability to deliver services similar to a modern-day web-based retailer, in addition to their knowledge and skills regarding traditional banking matters, to help us take advantage of what we believe will be the continued movement of banking services towards more electronic delivery. They bring significant knowledge related to selling consumer goods utilizing best in class digital platforms. Physical locations serve a different purpose for our bank. Customer interactions may be started online and then completed in a branch or vice-versa. We believe flexibility is a key differentiator for us and one of the major tenets around which Blue Foundry Bank is built.

We have invested in technological innovation. Over the last several years, we have modernized our technology architecture and significantly enhanced our ability to innovate and promote new products, services and technology that distinguish us from many of our peers. We believe the technological investments that we have made facilitate and support our future growth. We have improved our digital platforms for the ease of use of customers and potential customers and we have access to real-time information that enhances our ability to make rapid and well-informed decisions. By enhancing our technology, we believe we are able to develop, test and deploy new features and products more quickly and efficiently than many of our peers.

In addition, during the early stages of the COVID-19 global pandemic, we were able to quickly transition our workforce to work remotely, as needed. Our technology team worked closely with senior management to ensure that the proper systems and applications were in place to support a secure remote work environment while meeting the unprecedented increase in customer needs resulting from the pandemic. Due to this flexibility, we now have the ability to cross-train employees rapidly and move labor to meet constantly shifting customer demands.

Our investment in technology includes installing a multi-redundant, cloud-based network, running on a private global infrastructure with more than 60 points of presence. There are numerous advantages embedded in this solution, including security, cost, scalability and ease of management. We believe this network provides us with extraordinary reliability and redundancy. We have utilized software-as-a-solution applications whenever possible. Our data has been migrated to a leading global provider of cloud storage services. Nearly all paper files have been converted to an indexed digitized format. Our telephone system is also cloud-based, allowing employees to work securely and remotely from nearly anywhere.

Our newly deployed technology architecture leads to our next major tenet – buy vs build whenever possible. When customer needs change rapidly, so does our need for new applications. When the Payroll Protection Program (“PPP”) was announced, we were able to purchase and deploy the required system application to participate. Within days we trained our staff and installed a new loan origination system that was connected to the Small Business Administration (the “SBA”). Because of this flexibility within our workforce and infrastructure, we were able to assist hundreds of small businesses.

Optimization of our real estate footprint and retail distribution network. We have taken action to ensure our real estate footprint is appropriate for our needs as a growing bank and appropriate for the modern age of banking. As such, we are under contract to imminently sell our former headquarters building in Rutherford and have plans to occupy our new administrative headquarters building in Parsippany, New Jersey in the spring of 2021. Our new facility is conveniently located near major highways and population centers in northern New Jersey and has a contemporary design that assists in attracting and retaining qualified personnel. In addition, we have repositioned our branch footprint, closing certain branches, and opening new branches in locations where we believe we will prosper. Our branches have a modern look and feel that allows us to offer a boutique banking experience to both our business and retail customers. Coupled with our technological offerings, we are providing our customers a very competitive banking experience with access to a fully integrated, comprehensive suite of products and services that is superior to many of our competitors. Additionally, the actions we have taken with regard to our real estate footprint position us to maximize financial returns in the future.

 

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Our branching strategy focuses on our next major tenet – customer migration patterns. Northern New Jersey is home to more than three million residents and thousands of small businesses. We look to locate our branches in densely populated urban cities and affluent suburban towns within top school districts. This allows us to diversify our customer base along many demographics including age, household income, mobility and occupation. We believe a diverse customer base is important to building a strong community bank. As our customers’ families grow and real estate needs change, we will be there for them as the bank they know and trust.

Our experienced, diverse and customer focused employee base. We have an established corporate culture based on personal accountability, high ethical standards and a commitment to training and career development. We will continue to look to opportunistically hire talented bankers and employees with an emphasis on recruiting highly motivated, diverse managers and employees who can establish and maintain long-term customer relationships that are key to our business, brand and culture.

Business Strategy

Our goal is to position Blue Foundry Bancorp to prosper in an evolving financial services landscape and enhance our position as one of the leading community banking institutions in our market. We intend to continue to provide a broad array of banking and other financial services to retail, commercial and small business customers while growing our presence in our markets and expanding our franchise. In recent years, we have focused on, and invested heavily in, our technology and infrastructure to improve our delivery channels and create competitive products and services, a strong workforce and an enhanced awareness of our banking brand in our market area.

As a result, we believe we are well positioned to capitalize on the opportunities available in our market by focusing on the following core strategies.

Repositioning our Business Mix: Focus on building commercial and small-business relationships. We focus on understanding our customers’ and potential customers’ financial needs and providing a wide variety of high-quality products and solutions through a collaborative approach that intends to create long-term relationships. Our goal is to continue to evolve from a traditional savings bank focusing on residential lending to a full-service commercial bank with an emphasis on providing products and services to commercial and small businesses in our market area. We believe pursuing this strategy will allow us to both grow and diversify our business mix while providing us with the best opportunities to drive strong financial returns. We intend to pursue these commercial relationships through the lending personnel that we have recruited and continue to recruit, who have the experience and relationships necessary to build this business as well as through cultural changes that have been made across the organization that emphasize our goal of pursuing this strategy. Further, our investment in technology is intended to facilitate the delivery of consumer and business solutions without the need for traditional sales channels.

Recently, we were approved by the SBA to provide loans under the 7(a) Loan Program, the SBA’s most common loan program, and we may also originate loans under the SBA’s 504 Loan Program. We believe providing 7(a) loans and 504 loans as well as traditional commercial and industrial loans and lines of credit will allow us to provide needed funding to our business communities, which will increase deposits. Often, these borrowers also keep deposits at their loan providers.

Growing our Business: Developing new customer relationships and deepening existing relationships. We seek to expand our market share in existing and contiguous markets by leveraging our distinctive brand and delivering high-quality solutions through a collaborative, relationship-based approach. Our relationship-based approach has enabled us to achieve disciplined organic growth, and we expect this trend to continue. We believe our support of small business and non-profit customers in obtaining funding beginning in April 2020 under the PPP demonstrates both our commitment and capacity to meet our customers’ needs. Through December 31, 2020, we originated approximately 575 PPP loans, representing $57.2 million. Although many of our PPP borrowers were only recently introduced to our bank through this program, we have been able to successfully establish and maintain a significant number of these new client relationships.

 

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Building our customer relationships around low and no cost products is part of our relationship expansion strategy. Our “Blue” products, including Blue Axis Checking, Blue Axis Connect, Blue Axis Savings, and Blue Carbon Business Checking are designed to be low cost to the consumer or business, while providing us with lower interest rate deposits. Our consumer deposit products are designed to be easy to open in person or online. Our commercial deposit products include many features without fees that would customarily be included.

Leverage technology to enhance customer experience and drive operating efficiencies. We have made significant investments in our technology infrastructure to deliver high-quality, innovative products and services to our customers. For example, we have recently upgraded our mobile banking platform for both consumer and commercial customers. In addition, we have invested in our new commercial lending origination system and platform, and we intend to continue to improve our consumer lending origination platform. We are committed to continue investing in technology and data analytics. We believe these investments will differentiate us with our target customers, which will generate significant operating leverage as we grow.

Continuing to invest and optimize our facilities and expand our branch network through selective de novo branching. Recently, we have been enhancing and optimizing both our facilities and branch network. We have optimized our branch footprint though the utilization of a new forward-thinking branch model and intend to continue our strategy to broaden our existing branch network by expanding into new markets and broadening our geographic footprint. In November 2020, we relocated our branch office in Rutherford, New Jersey, continuing our strategy of operating in high density areas with vibrant commercial corridors and main streets. We also plan to continue to open additional new branches in desirable locations in attractive growth markets. New branches will feature modern design elements focused on open and efficient use of space.

Branch efficiency has been built into our locations. All branches currently employ new multifunction automated teller machines that are designed to be compatible with new services as they become available. Further, all branches utilize teller cash recycling machines to further enhance efficiency.

Pursue opportunistic acquisitions and partnerships. We intend to prudently pursue opportunities to acquire banks in our existing and contiguous markets that create attractive financial returns. Our focus will primarily be on franchises that enhance our funding profile, product capabilities or geographic density, while maintaining an acceptable risk profile. We believe the vital need to make increasingly significant technological investments has greatly amplified the importance of scale in banking. In addition, we believe that the current economic climate will increase the rate of consolidation in the banking industry. We believe that after the stock offering we will be well-positioned as a consolidator in the banking market because of our financial strength, reputation and culture. In addition, we will evaluate potential partnerships with FinTech companies or other fee income generating businesses that we believe would be additive to our business strategy and consistent with our desire to stay ahead of technological developments that we believe will continue to cause the banking industry to evolve.

Impact of COVID-19 Outbreak

During the first quarter of 2020, global financial markets experienced significant volatility resulting from the spread of a novel coronavirus known as COVID-19. In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a global pandemic and the United States declared a National Public Health Emergency. The COVID-19 pandemic has restricted the level of economic activity in our markets. In response to the pandemic, the governments of the state of New Jersey and of most other states have taken preventative or protective actions, such as imposing restrictions on travel and business operations,

 

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advising or requiring individuals to limit or forego time outside of their homes, and ordering temporary closures of businesses that have been deemed to be non-essential. These measures have dramatically increased unemployment in the United States and have negatively impacted many businesses, and thereby threatened the repayment ability of some of our borrowers.

To address the economic impact in the United States, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act of 2020 (the “CARES Act”) was signed into law on March 27, 2020. The CARES Act included a number of provisions that affected us, including accounting relief for troubled debt restructurings (“TDRs”). The CARES Act also established the PPP through the SBA, which allowed us to lend money to small businesses with guarantees from the SBA. Under this program, loan amounts may be forgiven if the borrower maintains employee payrolls and meets certain other requirements.

In addition, the Federal Reserve Board took steps to bolster the economy by, among other things, reducing the federal funds rate and the discount-window borrowing rate to near zero. In response to the pandemic, we have implemented protocols and processes to help protect our employees, customers and communities. These measures include:

 

  

Operating our branches under a drive-through model with appointment-only lobby service, leveraging our business continuity plans and capabilities that include critical operations teams being divided and dispersed to separate locations and, when possible, having employees work remotely.

 

  

Offering assistance to our customers affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, which includes payment deferrals, waiving certain fees, suspending property foreclosures, and participating in and lending programs for businesses under the CARES Act, including the PPP.

We have implemented various consumer and commercial loan modification programs to provide our borrowers relief from the economic impacts of COVID-19. Based on guidance in the CARES Act, COVID-19 related modifications to loans that were current as of December 31, 2019 are exempt from impairment classification under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”). In addition, the bank regulatory agencies issued interagency guidance stating that COVID-19 related short-term modifications (i.e., six months or less) granted to loans that were current as of the loan modification program implementation date are not TDRs.

Through December 31, 2020, we had granted short-term payment deferrals on 479 loans, totaling approximately $249.8 million, that were otherwise performing. As of December 31, 2020, all of these loans had returned to normal payment status.

Given the unprecedented uncertainty and rapidly evolving economic effects and social impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, the future direct and indirect impact on our business, results of operations and financial condition are highly uncertain. Should current economic conditions persist or continue to deteriorate, we expect that this macroeconomic environment will have a continued adverse effect on our business and results of operations, which could include, but not be limited to: decreased demand for our products and services, protracted periods of lower interest rates, increased non-interest expenses, including operational losses, and increased credit losses due to deterioration in the financial condition of our consumer and commercial borrowers, including declining asset and collateral values, which may continue to increase our provision for credit losses and net charge-offs.

 

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Reasons for the Conversion and Stock Offering

Our primary reasons for the conversion and the stock offering are to:

 

  

raise capital to support internal growth through lending and deposit gathering in the communities we serve;

 

  

enhance existing products and services, and support the development of new products and services to support growth and enhance customer service;

 

  

attract and retain qualified directors, management and employees through equity ownership and stock-based compensation plans;

 

  

raise capital to make necessary capital investments in facilities and technology to support our internal growth;

 

  

increase philanthropic endeavors to the communities served by Blue Foundry Bank through the formation and funding of a charitable foundation;

 

  

facilitate future mergers and acquisitions; and

 

  

use the additional capital for other general corporate purposes.

Terms of the Stock Offering

We are offering between 17,850,000 and 24,150,000 shares of common stock to eligible depositors of Blue Foundry Bank, to our tax-qualified employee benefit plans and, to the extent shares remain available, in a community offering to the general public. If necessary, we will also offer shares to the general public in a syndicated community offering, or, in a separate firm commitment underwritten public offering. The number of shares of common stock to be sold may be increased to up to 27,772,500 shares as a result of demand for the shares of common stock in the stock offering or changes in market conditions. Unless the number of shares of common stock to be offered is increased to more than 27,772,500 shares or decreased to fewer than 17,850,000 shares, or the subscription and community offerings are extended beyond [extension date], subscribers will not have the opportunity to change or cancel their stock orders once submitted.

The purchase price of each share of common stock offered for sale in the stock offering is $10.00. All investors will pay the same purchase price per share, regardless of whether the shares are purchased in the subscription offering, the community offering or a syndicated community offering or firm commitment underwritten public offering. Investors will not be charged a commission to purchase shares of common stock in the stock offering. Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc. (“KBW”), our marketing agent in the stock offering, will use its best efforts to assist us in selling shares of our common stock in the stock offering but is not obligated to purchase any shares of common stock in the subscription and community offerings.

How We Determined the Offering Range and the $10.00 Per Share Stock Price

The amount of common stock that we are offering is based on an independent appraisal of the estimated market value of Blue Foundry Bancorp, assuming the stock offering is completed. RP Financial, LC., our independent appraiser, has estimated that, as of February 5, 2021, this market value (including shares to be contributed to the charitable foundation) was $217.5 million. Based on federal regulations, this market value forms the midpoint of a valuation range with a minimum of $186.0 million and a maximum of $249.0 million. Based on this valuation range and the $10.00 per share price, the

 

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number of shares of common stock being offered for sale by Blue Foundry Bancorp ranges from 17,850,000 shares to 24,150,000 shares. The purchase price of $10.00 per share was selected primarily because it is the price most commonly used in mutual-to-stock conversions of financial institutions. RP Financial, LC. will update its appraisal before we complete the conversion and stock offering. If, as a result of demand for the shares or changes in market conditions, RP Financial, LC. determines that our estimated pro forma market value has increased, we may sell up to 27,772,500 shares without further notice to you. If our pro forma market value at that time is either below $186.0 million or above $285.2 million, then, after consulting with the Federal Reserve Board, we may: terminate the stock offering and promptly return all funds with interest; set a new offering range and give all subscribers the opportunity to place a new order; or take such other actions as may be permitted by the Federal Reserve Board and the Securities and Exchange Commission.

The appraisal is based in part on our financial condition and results of operations, the pro forma effect of the capital raised by the sale of shares of common stock in the stock offering, the pro forma effect of the costs associated with any potential withdrawal from the multiple-employer defined benefit pension plan, and an analysis of a peer group of 10 publicly traded savings and loan and bank holding companies that RP Financial, LC. considered comparable to us. The appraisal peer group consists of the following companies, all of which are traded on the Nasdaq Stock Market.

 

Company Name

  Ticker
Symbol
  

Headquarters

 Total Assets(1) 
        (In millions) 

ESSA Bancorp, Inc.

   ESSA  Stroudsburg, PA $ 1,894 

Hingham Institution for Savings

   HIFS  Hingham, MA $2,719 

HMN Financial, Inc.

   HMNF  Rochester, MN $898 

IF Bancorp, Inc.

   IROQ  Watseka, IL $726 

PCSB Financial Corporation

   PCSB  Yorktown Heights, NY $1,791 

Provident Bancorp, Inc.

   PVBC  Amesbury, MA $1,498 

Prudential Bancorp, Inc.

   PBIP  Philadelphia, PA $1,223 

Severn Bancorp, Inc

   SVBI  Annapolis, MD $939 

Waterstone Financial, Inc.

   WSBF  Wauwatosa, WI $2,221 

Western New England Bancorp, Inc.

   WNEB  Westfield, MA $2,487 

 

 (1)

Asset size for all companies is as of September 30, 2020.

The following table presents a summary of our selected pricing ratios (on a pro forma basis) as of and for the twelve months ended December 31, 2020, and for the peer group companies based on earnings and other information as of and for the twelve months ended December 31, 2020, with stock prices as of February 5, 2021, as reflected in the appraisal report. Compared to the average pricing of the peer group, our pro forma pricing ratios at the midpoint of the offering range indicated a discount of 40.6% on a price-to-book value basis and a discount of 42.1% on a price-to-tangible book value basis.

 

   Price-to-earnings
multiple(1)
   Price-to-book
value ratio
  Price-to-tangible
book value ratio
 

Blue Foundry Bancorp (on a pro forma basis, assuming completion of the conversion)

     

Adjusted Maximum

   *    66.09  66.09

Maximum

   *    62.23  62.23

Midpoint

   *    58.41  58.41

Minimum

   *    53.94  53.94

Valuation of peer group companies, all of which are fully converted (on an historical basis)

     

Averages

   14.14x    98.28  100.85

Medians

   14.87x    89.45  92.99

 

 *

Not meaningful.

 (1)

Price-to-earnings multiples calculated by RP Financial, LC. in the independent appraisal are based on an estimate of “core” or recurring earnings.

These ratios are different than those presented in “Pro Forma Data.”

 

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The independent appraisal does not indicate trading market value. Do not assume or expect that our valuation as indicated in the appraisal means that after the conversion and stock offering the shares of our common stock will trade at or above the $10.00 per share purchase price. Furthermore, the pricing ratios presented in the appraisal were used by RP Financial, LC. to estimate our pro forma appraised value for regulatory purposes and not to compare the relative value of shares of our common stock with the value of the capital stock of the peer group. The value of the capital stock of a particular company may be affected by a number of factors such as financial performance, asset size and market location.

For a more complete discussion of the amount of common stock we are offering for sale and the independent appraisal, see “The Conversion and Stock Offering—Stock Pricing and Number of Shares to be Issued.”

How We Intend to Use the Proceeds from the Stock Offering

We intend to invest at least 50% of the net proceeds from the stock offering in Blue Foundry Bank, fund the loan to our employee stock ownership plan to finance its purchase of shares of common stock in the stock offering, fund the cash contribution to the charitable foundation, and retain the remainder of the net proceeds from the stock offering at Blue Foundry Bancorp. Therefore, assuming we sell 21,000,000 shares of common stock in the stock offering at the midpoint of the offering range, and we have net proceeds of $206.2 million, we intend to invest $103.1 million in Blue Foundry Bank, loan $17.4 million to our employee stock ownership plan to fund its purchase of shares of common stock, contribute $9.0 million to the charitable foundation, comprised of 750,000 shares of stock and $1.5 million in cash, and retain the remaining $84.2 million of the net proceeds at Blue Foundry Bancorp.    

Blue Foundry Bancorp may use the funds it retains for investment to pay cash dividends, to repurchase shares of common stock, to acquire other financial institutions or financial services companies, and for other general corporate purposes. Blue Foundry Bank may use approximately $15.2 million of the proceeds that it receives from Blue Foundry Bancorp to pay the after-tax costs associated with any potential withdrawal from the multiple-employer defined benefit pension plan, and may use the remaining net proceeds to support increased lending, enhance existing, or support growth and the development of new products, and services, expand its branch network by establishing or acquiring new branches or by acquiring other financial institutions or financial services companies. We do not currently have any agreements or understandings regarding any acquisition transactions.

Please see the section of this prospectus entitled “How We Intend to Use the Proceeds from the Stock Offering” for more information on the proposed use of the proceeds from the stock offering.

Persons Who May Order Shares of Common Stock in the Stock Offering

We are offering the shares of common stock in a subscription offering in the following descending order of priority:

 

 (i)

To depositors with accounts at Blue Foundry Bank with aggregate balances of at least $50 at the close of business on December 31, 2019.

 

 (ii)

To our tax-qualified employee benefit plans (including Blue Foundry Bank’s employee stock ownership plan and 401(k) Plan), which may subscribe for, in the aggregate, up to 10% of the shares of common stock sold in the stock offering (including shares contributed to our charitable foundation). We expect our employee stock ownership plan to purchase 8.0% of the shares of common stock sold in the stock offering (including shares contributed to our charitable foundation).

 

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 (iii)

To depositors with accounts at Blue Foundry Bank with aggregate balances of at least $50 at the close of business on [supplemental eligibility record date].

 

 (iv)

To depositors of Blue Foundry Bank at the close of business on [voting record date].

Shares of common stock not purchased in the subscription offering may be offered for sale to the general public in a community offering, with a preference given first to natural persons (including trusts of natural persons) residing in Bergen, Morris, Passaic, Essex and Hudson Counties, New Jersey, and then to other members of the general public. The community offering, if any, may occur concurrently with, during or promptly after the subscription offering. We also may offer for sale shares of common stock not purchased in the subscription offering and the community offering through a syndicated community offering or firm commitment underwritten offering. KBW will act as sole manager for the syndicated community offering or firm commitment underwritten offering. We have the right to accept or reject, in our sole discretion, orders received in the community offering, syndicated community offering or firm commitment underwritten offering, and our interpretation of the terms and conditions of the plan of conversion will be final. Any determination to accept or reject stock orders in the community offering, syndicated community offering or firm commitment underwritten public offering will be based on the facts and circumstances available to management at the time of the determination.

If we receive orders for more shares than we are offering, we may not be able to fully or partially fill your order. A detailed description of the stock offering, as well as a discussion regarding allocation procedures, can be found in the section of this prospectus entitled “The Conversion and Stock Offering.”

Limits on How Much Common Stock You May Purchase

The minimum number of shares of common stock that may be purchased is 25 shares.

Generally, no individual may purchase more than 40,000 shares ($400,000) of common stock. If any of the following persons purchase shares of common stock, their purchases, in all categories of the stock offering, when combined with your purchases, cannot exceed 40,000 shares ($400,000) of common stock:

 

  

any person related to you by blood or marriage who either shares the same home as you or is a director or officer of Blue Foundry, MHC, Blue Foundry Bancorp—NJ or Blue Foundry Bank;

 

  

most companies, trusts or other entities in which you are a senior officer, partner, trustee or have a substantial beneficial interest; or

 

  

other persons who may be your associates or persons acting in concert with you.

Unless we determine otherwise, persons having the same address, and persons exercising subscription rights through a single qualifying deposit account held jointly and persons exercising subscription rights through qualifying deposit accounts registered to the same address will be subject to the overall purchase limitation of 40,000 shares ($400,000).

Subject to regulatory approval, we may increase or decrease the purchase and ownership limitations at any time. See the detailed description of the purchase limitations in “The Conversion and Stock Offering—Additional Limitations on Common Stock Purchases.”

 

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How You May Purchase Shares of Common Stock in the Subscription Offering and the Community Offering

In the subscription offering and community offering, you may pay for your shares only by:

 

 (i)

personal check, bank check or money order made payable directly to Blue Foundry Bancorp; or

 

 (ii)

authorizing us to withdraw available funds (without any early withdrawal penalty) from your Blue Foundry Bank deposit account(s), other than checking accounts or individual retirement accounts (“IRAs”).

Blue Foundry Bank is not permitted to lend funds to anyone to purchase shares of common stock in the stock offering. Additionally, you may not use a Blue Foundry Bank line of credit check or any type of third-party check to pay for shares of common stock. Please do not submit cash. No wire transfer will be accepted without our prior approval. On the stock order form you may not designate withdrawal from Blue Foundry Bank’s accounts with check-writing privileges; instead, please submit a check. If you request that we directly withdraw the funds from an account with check-writing privileges, we reserve the right to interpret that as your authorization to treat those funds as if we had received a check for the designated amount, and we will immediately withdraw the amount from the designated account. You may not authorize direct withdrawal from a Blue Foundry Bank individual retirement account, or IRA. See “—Using Individual Retirement Account Funds to Purchase Shares of Common Stock.”

You may subscribe for shares of common stock in the subscription and community offerings by delivering a signed and completed original stock order form, together with full payment payable to Blue Foundry Bancorp or authorization to withdraw funds from one or more of your Blue Foundry Bank deposit accounts, provided that the stock order form is received (not postmarked) before 2:00 p.m., Eastern Time, on [expiration date], which is the end of the subscription offering period. You may submit your stock order form and payment by mail using the stock order reply envelope provided or by overnight delivery to the address listed on the stock order form. You may also hand-deliver stock order forms to our office located at 217 Rock Road, Glen Rock, New Jersey, which is open between 9:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Friday, 9:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. on Thursday and 9:00 a.m. and 1:00 p.m. on Saturday. Hand-delivered stock order forms will be accepted only at this location. We will not accept stock order forms at our other offices. Please do not mail stock order forms to any of Blue Foundry Banks offices.

Please see “The Conversion and Stock Offering— Procedure for Purchasing Shares in the Subscription and Community Offerings—Payment for Shares” for a complete description of how to purchase shares in the subscription and community offerings.

Using Individual Retirement Account Funds to Purchase Shares of Common Stock

You may be able to subscribe for shares of common stock using funds in your IRA, or other retirement account. If you wish to use some or all of the funds in your Blue Foundry Bank IRA or other retirement account, the applicable funds must be transferred to a self-directed account maintained by an independent trustee, such as a brokerage firm, and the purchase must be made through that account. If you do not have such an account, you will need to establish one before placing your stock order which may require the payment of a one-time and/or annual administrative fee to the independent trustee. Because individual circumstances differ and the processing of retirement fund orders takes additional time, we recommend that you contact our Stock Information Center promptly, preferably at least two weeks before the [expiration date] offering deadline, for assistance with purchases using your individual retirement account or other retirement account you may have at Blue Foundry Bank or elsewhere. Whether you may use such funds to purchase shares in the stock offering may depend on timing constraints and, possibly, limitations imposed by the institution where the funds are held.

 

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See “The Conversion and Stock Offering—Procedure for Purchasing Shares in the Subscription and Community Offerings—Payment for Shares” and “—Using Individual Retirement Account Funds” for a complete description of how to use IRA funds to purchase shares of common stock in the stock offering.

Market for Common Stock

We expect that our common stock will be listed for trading on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “BLFY.” KBW has advised us that it intends to make a market in our common stock following the stock offering, but is under no obligation to do so.

Our Dividend Policy

No decision has been made with respect to the amount, if any, and timing of any dividend payments following the completion of the conversion and stock offering. The amount of dividends to be paid will be subject to our capital requirements, our financial condition and results of operations, tax considerations, statutory and regulatory limitations, and general economic conditions. We cannot assure you that we will pay dividends in the future, or, if we pay dividends, that any such dividends will not be reduced or eliminated in the future. For information regarding our proposed dividend policy, see “Our Dividend Policy.”

Purchases by Directors and Executive Officers

We expect our directors and executive officers, together with their associates, to subscribe for 402,500 shares of common stock in the stock offering, representing 2.3% of the shares to be sold at the minimum of the offering range. However, there can be no assurance that any individual director or executive officer, or the directors and executive officers as a group, will purchase any specific number of shares of our common stock. The purchase price paid by them will be the same $10.00 per share price paid by all other persons who purchase shares of common stock in the stock offering. Our directors and executive officers will be subject to the same minimum purchase requirements and purchase limitations as other participants in the stock offering set forth under “—Limits on How Much Common Stock You May Purchase.”

Purchases by our directors, executive officers and their associates will be included in determining whether the required minimum number of shares has been subscribed for in the stock offering. Any purchases made by our directors or executive officers, or their associates, will be made for investment purposes only and not with a view toward resale.

See “Subscriptions by Directors and Executive Officers” for more information on the proposed purchases of shares of common stock by our directors and executive officers.

Deadline for Orders of Shares of Common Stock in the Subscription and Community Offerings

The deadline for purchasing shares of common stock in the subscription and community offerings is 2:00 p.m., Eastern Time, on [expiration date], unless we extend this deadline. If you wish to purchase shares of common stock, a properly completed and signed original stock order form, together with full payment, must be received (not postmarked) by this time.

Although we will make reasonable attempts to provide this prospectus and offering materials to holders of subscription rights, the subscription offering and all subscription rights will expire at 2:00 p.m., Eastern Time, on [expiration date], whether or not we have been able to locate each person entitled to subscription rights.

 

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See “The Conversion and Stock Offering—Procedure for Purchasing Shares in the Subscription and Community Offerings—Expiration Date” for a complete description of the deadline for purchasing shares in the stock offering.

You May Not Sell or Transfer Your Subscription Rights

Applicable regulations prohibit you from transferring your subscription rights. If you order shares of common stock in the subscription offering, you will be required to certify that you are purchasing the common stock for yourself and that you have no agreement or understanding to sell or transfer your subscription rights or the shares that you are purchasing. We intend to take legal action, including reporting persons to federal or state agencies, against anyone who we believe has sold or transferred his or her subscription rights. We will not accept your order if we have reason to believe you have sold or transferred your subscription rights. On the stock order form, you cannot add the names of others for joint stock registration who do not have subscription rights or who qualify only in a lower subscription offering priority than you do. Doing so may jeopardize your subscription rights. You may only add those who were eligible to purchase shares of common stock in the subscription offering at your date of eligibility. In addition, the stock order form requires that you list all deposit accounts, giving all names on each account and the account number at the applicable eligibility date. Failure to provide this information, or providing incomplete or incorrect information, may result in a loss of part or all of your share allocation if there is an oversubscription.

Delivery of Shares of Common Stock

All shares of common stock sold will be issued in book entry form. Stock certificates will not be issued. A statement reflecting ownership of shares of common stock issued in the subscription and community offerings will be mailed by our transfer agent to the persons entitled thereto at the registration address noted by them on their stock order forms as soon as practicable following consummation of the conversion and stock offering. We expect trading in the stock to begin on the day of completion of the conversion and stock offering or the next business day. The conversion and stock offering are expected to be completed as soon as practicable following satisfaction of the conditions described below in “—Conditions to Completion of the Conversion.” Until a statement reflecting ownership of shares of common stock is available and delivered to purchasers, purchasers might not be able to sell the shares of common stock that they purchased in the stock offering, even though the common stock will have begun trading. Your ability to sell your shares of common stock before receiving your statement will depend on arrangements you may make with a brokerage firm.

Conditions to Completion of the Conversion

We cannot complete the conversion and stock offering unless:

 

  

The plan of conversion is approved by at least a majority of votes eligible to be cast by depositors of Blue Foundry, MHC (depositors of Blue Foundry Bank) as of [voting record date];

 

  

We sell at least the minimum number of shares of common stock offered in the stock offering;

 

  

We receive approval from the Federal Reserve Board and New Jersey Department of Banking and Insurance (“NJDOBI”); and

 

  

The Federal Reserve Board approves Blue Foundry Bancorp’s acquisition of control of Blue Foundry Bank.

 

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Steps We May Take if We Do Not Receive Orders for the Minimum Number of Shares

If we do not receive orders for at least 17,850,000 shares of common stock, we may take several steps to sell the minimum number of shares of common stock in the offering range. Specifically, we may:

 

 (i)

increase the purchase and ownership limitations; and/or

 

 (ii)

seek regulatory approval to extend the stock offering beyond [extension date], so long as we resolicit subscribers who previously submitted subscriptions in the stock offering; and/or

 

 (iii)

increase the shares purchased by the employee stock ownership plan.

If we extend the stock offering past [extension date], all subscribers will be notified and given an opportunity to confirm, change or cancel their orders. If you do not respond to this notice, we will cancel your stock order and promptly return your funds with interest for funds received in the subscription and community offering or cancel your deposit account withdrawal authorization. If one or more purchase limitations are increased, subscribers in the subscription offering who ordered the maximum amount and checked the box on the stock order form, will be, and, in our sole discretion, some other large purchasers may be, given the opportunity to increase their subscriptions up to the then-applicable limit.

Possible Change in the Offering Range

RP Financial, LC. will update its appraisal before we complete the stock offering. If, as a result of demand for the shares or changes in market conditions, RP Financial, LC. determines that our pro forma market value has increased, we may sell up to 27,772,500 shares in the stock offering without further notice to you. If our pro forma market value at that time is either below $186.0 million or above $285.2 million, then, after consulting with the Federal Reserve Board, we may:

 

 

terminate the stock offering and promptly return all funds (with interest paid on funds received in the subscription and community offerings);

 

 

set a new offering range; or

 

 

take such other actions as may be permitted by the Federal Reserve Board and the Securities and Exchange Commission.

If we set a new offering range, we will promptly return funds, with interest at [interest rate]% per annum for funds received for purchases in the subscription and community offerings, and cancel any authorization to withdraw funds from deposit accounts for the purchase of shares of common stock. We will then resolicit subscribers, allowing them to place a new stock order.

Possible Termination of the Stock Offering

We may terminate the stock offering at any time prior to the special meeting of depositors of Blue Foundry, MHC has been called to vote on the conversion, and at any time after this approval with regulatory approval. If we terminate the stock offering, we will promptly return your funds with interest at [interest rate]% per annum, and we will cancel deposit account withdrawal authorizations.

 

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Delivery of Prospectus

To ensure that each person receives a prospectus at least 48 hours before the deadline for orders for common stock, we may not mail prospectuses any later than five days before such date or hand-deliver prospectuses later than two days before that date. Stock order forms may only be delivered if accompanied or preceded by a prospectus. We are not obligated to deliver a prospectus or stock order form by means other than U.S. mail. We will make reasonable attempts to provide a prospectus and offering materials to holders of subscription rights. The subscription offering and all subscription rights will expire at 2:00 p.m., Eastern Time, on [expiration date], whether or not we have been able to locate each person entitled to subscription rights.

Benefits to Management and Potential Dilution to Shareholders Resulting from the Conversion

We expect our employee stock ownership plan, which is a tax-qualified retirement plan for the benefit of Blue Foundry Bank employees, to purchase up to 8.0% of the shares of common stock we sell in the stock offering (including shares contributed to our charitable foundation). If market conditions warrant, in the judgment of its trustees, the employee stock ownership plan’s subscription order will not be filled and the employee stock ownership plan may elect to purchase shares in the open market following the completion of the conversion, subject to the approval of the Federal Reserve Board.

We intend to implement one or more stock-based benefit plans no earlier than six months after completion of the conversion. Shareholder approval of these plans would be required. We have not determined whether we would adopt the plans within or after 12 months following the completion of the conversion. If we implement stock-based benefit plans within 12 months following the completion of the conversion, the stock-based benefit plans would be limited to reserving a number of shares (i) up to 4% of the shares of common stock outstanding following the stock offering for awards of restricted stock to key employees and directors, at no cost to the recipients, and (ii) up to 10% of the shares of common stock outstanding following the stock offering for issuance of stock options to key employees and directors. If the stock-based benefit plan is adopted more than 12 months after the completion of the conversion, it would not be subject to the percentage limitations set forth above. We have not yet determined the number of shares that would be reserved for issuance under these plans. For a description of our current stock-based benefit plan, see “Management—Stock Benefit Plans—Stock-Based Incentive Plan.”

 

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The following table summarizes the number of shares of common stock and the aggregate dollar value of grants that are available under one or more stock-based benefit plans if such plans reserve a number of shares of common stock equal to 4% and 10% of the shares outstanding following the stock offering for restricted stock awards and stock options, respectively. The table shows the dilution to shareholders if all such shares are issued from authorized but unissued shares, instead of shares purchased in the open market. We may fund our stock-based benefit plans through open market purchases, as opposed to new issuances of stock. The table also sets forth the number of shares of common stock to be acquired by the employee stock ownership plan for allocation to all qualifying employees.

 

   Number of Shares to be Granted or
Purchased
  Dilution
Resulting
from
Issuance
of Shares
for
Stock-
Based
Benefit
Plans
  Value of Grants (In
Thousands)(1)
 
  At
Minimum
of Offering
Range
   At
Adjusted
Maximum
of

Offering
Range
   As a
Percentage
of
Common
Stock to be
Sold in the
Offering
and Issued
to the
Charitable
Foundation
        
 At
Minimum
of
Offering
Range
   At
Adjusted
Maximum
of
Offering
Range
 

Employee stock ownership plan

   1,488,000    2,281,800    8.00  %(2)  $ 14,880   $ 22,818 

Restricted stock awards

   744,000    1,140,900    4.00   3.85  7,440    11,409 

Stock options

   1,860,000    2,852,250    10.00   9.09  5,896    9,042 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   4,092,000    6,274,950    22.00  12.28 $28,216   $43,269 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1)

The actual value of restricted stock awards will be determined based on their fair value as of the date grants are made. For purposes of this table, fair value for stock awards is assumed to be the same as the offering price of $10.00 per share. The fair value of stock options has been estimated at $3.17 per option using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following assumptions: an option exercise price of $10.00; an expected option term of 10 years; no dividend yield; a risk-free rate of return of 0.93%; and expected volatility of 22.94%. The actual value of option grants will be determined by the grant-date fair value of the options, which will depend on a number of factors, including the stock price on the date of grant, valuation assumptions used and the option pricing model ultimately adopted.

(2)

No dilution is reflected for the employee stock ownership plan because such shares are assumed to be purchased in the stock offering.

Tax Consequences

Blue Foundry, MHC, Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ, Blue Foundry Bank and Blue Foundry Bancorp have received an opinion of counsel, Luse Gorman, PC, regarding the material federal income tax consequences of the conversion, and have received an opinion of Crowe LLP regarding the material New Jersey tax consequences of the conversion. As a general matter, the conversion will not be a taxable transaction for purposes of federal or state income taxes to Blue Foundry, MHC, Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ, Blue Foundry Bank, Blue Foundry Bancorp, or persons eligible to subscribe in the subscription offering.

Emerging Growth Company Status

We qualify as an “emerging growth company” under the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”). For as long as we are an emerging growth company, we may choose to take advantage of exemptions from various reporting requirements applicable to other public companies but not to emerging growth companies. See “Risk Factors—Risks Related to the Stock Offering—We are an emerging growth company within the meaning of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and if we decide to take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements applicable to emerging growth companies, our common stock could be less attractive to investors” and “Supervision and Regulation—Emerging Growth Company Status.”

 

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An emerging growth company may elect to use an extended transition period to delay adoption of new or revised accounting pronouncements applicable to public companies until such pronouncements are made applicable to private companies, but must make such election when the company is first required to file a registration statement. Such an election is irrevocable during the period a company is an emerging growth company.

How You Can Obtain Additional Information—Stock Information Center

Our banking personnel may not, by law, assist with investment-related questions about the stock offering. If you have any questions regarding the conversion or stock offering, please call our Stock Information Center. The telephone number is [Stock center number]. The Stock Information Center is open Monday through Friday between 10:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m., Eastern Time. The Stock Information Center will be closed on bank holidays.

 

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RISK FACTORS

You should consider carefully the following risk factors in evaluating an investment in the shares of common stock.

Risks Related to COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic has had and may continue to have an adverse impact on our business, results of operations and prospects.

The COVID-19 pandemic is having an adverse impact on us, our customers and the communities we serve. Given its ongoing and dynamic nature, it is difficult to predict the full impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on our business, customers, employees and third-party service providers. The extent of such impact will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain, including when the coronavirus can be controlled and abated and when and how the economy may be reopened in an efficient manner. Additionally, the responses of various governmental and non-governmental authorities to curtail business and consumer activities in an effort to mitigate the pandemic will have material long-term effects on us and our customers that are difficult to quantify in the near-term or long-term.

As the result of the COVID-19 pandemic and the related adverse local and national economic consequences, we are subject to the following risks, any of which could have a material, adverse effect on our business, financial condition, liquidity, and results of operations:

 

  

unanticipated loss or unavailability of key employees, including operational management personnel and those charged with preparing, monitoring and evaluating the companies’ financial reporting and internal controls;

 

  

declines in demand for loans and other banking services and products, as well as a decline in the credit quality of our loan portfolio, owing to the effects of COVID-19 in the markets we serve;

 

  

if the economy is unable to substantially reopen or reopen in an efficient manner, and high levels of unemployment continue for an extended period of time, loan delinquencies, problem assets, and foreclosures may increase, resulting in increased charges and reduced income;

 

  

collateral for loans, especially real estate, may decline in value, which could cause loan losses to increase;

 

  

allowance for loan losses may increase if borrowers experience financial difficulties, which will adversely affect net income;

 

  

the net worth and liquidity of loan guarantors may decline, impairing their ability to honor commitments;

 

  

as the result of the decline in the Federal Reserve Board’s target federal funds rate to near 0%, the yield on assets may decline to a greater extent than the decline in cost of interest-bearing liabilities, reducing net interest margin and spread and reducing net income;

 

  

cyber security risks are increased as the result of an increase in the number of employees working remotely;

 

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continued volatility in the capital markets that may impact the performance of our investment securities portfolio;

 

  

declines in demand resulting from adverse impacts of the pandemic on businesses deemed to be “non-essential” by governments in the markets we serve;

 

  

litigation, regulatory enforcement and reputation risk regarding our participation in the PPP and the risk that the SBA may not fund some or all of the PPP loan guarantees;

 

  

the unavailability of a critical service offered by a third-party vendor; and

 

  

volatility in the price of our common stock that we issue in the stock offering.

Risks Related to Economic Conditions

A worsening of economic conditions in our market area could reduce demand for our products and services and/or result in increases in our level of non-performing loans, which could adversely affect our operations, financial condition and earnings.

Local economic conditions have a significant impact on the ability of our borrowers to repay loans and the value of the collateral securing loans. A deterioration in economic conditions, especially local conditions, as a result of COVID-19 or otherwise, could have the following consequences, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, liquidity and results of operations, and could more negatively affect us compared to a financial institution that operates with more geographic diversity:

 

  

demand for our products and services may decline;

 

  

loan delinquencies, problem assets and foreclosures may increase;

 

  

collateral for loans, especially real estate, may decline in value, thereby reducing customers’ future borrowing power, and reducing the value of assets and collateral associated with existing loans; and

 

  

the net worth and liquidity of loan guarantors may decline, impairing their ability to honor commitments to us.

Moreover, a significant decline in general economic conditions caused by inflation, recession, acts of terrorism, civil unrest, an outbreak of hostilities or other international or domestic calamities, an epidemic or pandemic, unemployment or other factors beyond our control could further impact these local economic conditions and could further negatively affect the financial results of our banking operations. In addition, deflationary pressures, while possibly lowering our operating costs, could have a significant negative effect on our borrowers, especially our business borrowers, and the values of underlying collateral securing loans, which could negatively affect our financial performance.

The geographic concentration of our loan portfolio and lending activities makes us vulnerable to a downturn in our local market area.

Our loan portfolio is concentrated primarily in Northeast New Jersey. This makes us vulnerable to a downturn in the local economy and real estate markets. Adverse conditions in the local economy such as unemployment, recession, a catastrophic event or other factors beyond our control could impact the ability of our borrowers to repay their loans, which could impact our net interest income. Decreases in local real estate values caused by economic conditions, recent

 

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changes in tax laws or other events could adversely affect the value of the property used as collateral for our loans, which could cause us to realize a loss in the event of a foreclosure. Further, deterioration in local economic conditions could drive the level of loan losses beyond the level we have provided for in our allowance for loan losses, which in turn could necessitate an increase in our provision for loan losses and a resulting reduction to our earnings and capital.

Risks Related to Growth

Our business strategy includes growth, and our financial condition and results of operations could be negatively affected if we fail to grow or fail to manage our growth effectively.

Our business strategy includes growth in assets, deposits and the scale of our operations. Achieving our growth targets will require us to attract customers that currently bank at other financial institutions in our market, thereby increasing our share of the market, and to expand the size of our market area. Our ability to successfully grow will depend on a variety of factors, including our ability to attract and retain experienced bankers, the continued availability of desirable business opportunities, the competitive responses from other financial institutions in our market area and our ability to manage our growth. Growth opportunities may not be available or we may not be able to manage our growth successfully. If we do not manage our growth effectively, our financial condition and operating results could be negatively affected.

Building market share through de novo branching may cause our expenses to increase faster than revenues.

We are considering building market share by opening de novo branches in contiguous markets. There are considerable costs involved in de novo branching as new branches generally require time to generate sufficient revenues to offset their initial start-up costs, especially in areas in which we do not have an established presence. Accordingly, any new branch can be expected to negatively impact our earnings until the branch attracts a sufficient number of deposits and loans to offset expenses. We cannot assure you that if we open new branches, they will be successful even after they have been established.

New lines of business or new products and services may subject us to additional risks.

From time to time, we may implement new lines of business or offer new products and services within existing lines of business. In addition, we will continue to invest in research, development, and marketing for new products and services. There are substantial risks and uncertainties associated with these efforts, particularly in instances where the markets are not fully developed. In developing and marketing new lines of business and/or new products and services we may invest significant time and resources. Initial timetables for the development and introduction of new lines of business and/or new products or services may not be achieved and price and profitability targets may not prove feasible. Furthermore, if customers do not perceive our new offerings as providing significant value, they may fail to accept our new products and services. External factors, such as compliance with regulations, competitive alternatives, and shifting market preferences, may also impact the successful implementation of a new line of business or a new product or service. Furthermore, the burden on management and our information technology in introducing any new line of business and/or new product or service could have a significant impact on the effectiveness of our system of internal controls. Failure to successfully manage these risks in the development and implementation of new lines of business or new products or services could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

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Risks Related to Interest Rate Risk

Future changes in interest rates may reduce our profits.

Our profitability, like that of most financial institutions, depends to a large extent upon our net interest income, which is the difference between our interest income on interest-earning assets, such as loans and securities, and our interest expense on interest-bearing liabilities, such as deposits and borrowed funds. Accordingly, our results of operations depend largely on movements in market interest rates and our ability to manage our interest-rate sensitive assets and liabilities in response to these movements. Factors such as inflation, recession and instability in financial markets, among other factors beyond our control, may affect interest rates.

If interest rates rise, and if rates on our deposits reprice upwards faster than the rates on our long-term loans and investments, we would experience compression of our interest rate spread, which would have a negative effect on our profitability.

Furthermore, increases in interest rates may adversely affect the ability of our borrowers to make loan repayments on adjustable-rate loans, as the interest owed on such loans would increase as interest rates increase. Conversely, decreases in interest rates can result in increased prepayments of loans and mortgage-related securities, as borrowers refinance to reduce their borrowing costs. Under these circumstances, we are subject to reinvestment risk as we may have to redeploy such loan or securities proceeds into lower-yielding assets, which might also negatively impact our income.

Any substantial change in market interest rates could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, liquidity and results of operations. While we pursue an asset/liability strategy designed to mitigate our risk from changes in interest rates, such changes can still have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations. Changes in the level of interest rates also may negatively affect our ability to originate real estate loans, the value of our assets and our ability to realize gains from the sale of our assets, all of which ultimately affect our earnings.

At December 31, 2020, our “rate shock” analysis prepared by our third party consultant indicates that our net portfolio value would decrease by $11.8 million if there was an instantaneous 200 basis point increase in market interest rates. For further discussion of how changes in interest rates could impact us, see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Market Risk.”

Risks Related to Lending Activities

Because we intend to increase our commercial real estate and commercial loan originations, our lending risk will increase.

Commercial real estate and commercial loans generally have more risk than residential mortgage loans. Because the repayment of commercial real estate and commercial loans depends on the successful management and operation of the borrower’s properties or related businesses, repayment of such loans can be affected by adverse conditions in the real estate market or the local economy. Commercial real estate and commercial loans may also involve relatively large loan balances to individual borrowers or groups of related borrowers. A downturn in the real estate market or the local economy could adversely impact the value of properties securing the loan or the revenues from the borrower’s business thereby increasing the risk of non-performing loans. Also, many of our multi-family and commercial real estate and commercial business borrowers have more than one loan outstanding with us. Consequently, an adverse development with respect to one loan or one credit relationship can expose us to a significantly greater risk of loss compared to an adverse development with respect to a residential mortgage loan. Further, unlike residential mortgages or multi-family and commercial real estate loans, commercial and industrial loans may be secured by collateral other than real estate, such as inventory

 

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and accounts receivable, the value of which may be more difficult to appraise, may be more susceptible to fluctuation in value at default, and may be more difficult to realize upon enforcement of our remedies. As our commercial real estate and commercial loan portfolios increase, the corresponding risks and potential for losses from these loans may also increase.

If our allowance for loan losses is not sufficient to cover actual loan losses, our earnings and capital could decrease.

Lending is inherently risky and we are exposed to the risk that our borrowers may default on their obligations. A borrower’s default on its obligations may result in lost principal and interest income and increased operating expenses as a result of the allocation of management’s time and resources to the collection and work-out of the loan. In certain situations, where collection efforts are unsuccessful or acceptable work-out arrangements cannot be reached, we may have to charge-off the loan in whole or in part, or sell it at a discount. In such situations, we may acquire real estate or other assets, if any, that secure the loan through foreclosure or other similar available remedies, the amount owed under the defaulted loan may exceed the value of the assets acquired, and post-default remedies may be unavailable or unfeasible.

We make various assumptions and judgments about the collectability of our loan portfolio, including the creditworthiness of our borrowers and the value of the real estate and other assets serving as collateral for our loans. In determining the amount of the allowance for loan losses, we review our loans and our loss and delinquency experience, and we evaluate other factors including, among other things, current economic conditions. If our assumptions are incorrect, or if delinquencies or non-performing loans increase, our allowance for loan losses may not be sufficient to cover probable and incurred losses inherent in our loan portfolio, which would require additions to our allowance, which could materially decrease our net income. Our allowance for loan losses was 1.34% of total loans and 131.92% of non-performing loans at December 31, 2020.

In addition, bank regulators periodically review our allowance for loan losses and, based on their judgments and information available to them at the time of their review, may require us to increase our allowance for loan losses or recognize further loan charge-offs. An increase in our allowance for loan losses or loan charge-offs as required by these regulatory authorities may reduce our net income and our capital, which may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

If our non-performing assets increase, our earnings will be adversely affected.

At December 31, 2020, our non-performing assets, which consist of non-performing loans and other real estate owned, were $13.5 million, or 0.69% of total assets. Our non-performing assets adversely affect our net income in various ways:

 

  

we record interest income only on the cash basis or cost-recovery method for non-accrual loans and we do not record interest income for other real estate owned;

 

  

we must provide for probable loan losses through a current period charge to the provision for loan losses;

 

  

non-interest expense increases when we write down the value of properties in our other real estate owned portfolio to reflect changing market values;

 

  

there are legal fees associated with the resolution of problem assets, as well as carrying costs, such as taxes, insurance, and maintenance fees; and

 

  

the resolution of non-performing assets requires the active involvement of management, which can distract them from more profitable activity.

 

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If additional borrowers become delinquent and do not pay their loans and we are unable to successfully manage our non-performing assets, our losses and troubled assets could increase significantly, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

Risks Related to Competition

Strong competition within our market area may limit our growth and profitability.

Competition in the banking and financial services industry is intense. In our market area, we compete with commercial banks, savings institutions, mortgage brokerage firms, credit unions, finance companies, mutual funds, insurance companies, and brokerage and investment banking firms operating locally and elsewhere. Some of our competitors have greater name recognition and market presence that benefit them in attracting business, and offer certain services that we do not or cannot provide. Our smaller asset size also makes it more difficult to compete, as many of our competitors are larger and can more easily afford to invest in the marketing and technologies needed to attract and retain customers. In addition, larger competitors may be able to price loans and deposits more aggressively than we do, which could affect our ability to grow and remain profitable on a long-term basis. Our profitability depends upon our continued ability to successfully compete in our market area. If we must raise interest rates paid on deposits or lower interest rates charged on our loans, our net interest margin and profitability could be adversely affected. For additional information see “Business of Blue Foundry Bank—Competition.”

The financial services industry could become even more competitive as a result of continuing legislative, regulatory and technological changes and continued industry consolidation. Banks, securities firms and insurance companies can merge under the umbrella of a financial holding company, which can offer virtually any type of financial service, including banking, securities underwriting, insurance (both agency and underwriting) and merchant banking. Also, technology has lowered barriers to entry and made it possible for non-banks to offer products and services traditionally provided by banks, such as automatic transfer and automatic payment systems. Many of our competitors have fewer regulatory constraints and may have lower cost structures. Additionally, due to their size, many competitors may be able to achieve economies of scale and, as a result, may offer a broader range of products and services than we can as well as better pricing for those products and services.

Risks Related to Operations and Security

We face significant operational risks because the nature of the financial services business involves a high volume of transactions.

We operate in diverse markets and rely on the ability of our employees and systems to process a high number of transactions. Operational risk is the risk of loss resulting from our operations, including but not limited to, the risk of fraud by employees or persons outside our company, the execution of unauthorized transactions by employees, errors relating to transaction processing and technology, breaches of our internal control systems and compliance requirements. Insurance coverage may not be available for such losses, or where available, such losses may exceed insurance limits. This risk of loss also includes the potential legal actions that could arise as a result of operational deficiencies or as a result of non-compliance with applicable regulatory standards, adverse business decisions or their implementation, or customer attrition due to potential negative publicity. In the event of a breakdown in our internal control systems, improper operation of systems or improper employee actions, we could suffer financial loss, face regulatory action, and/or suffer damage to our reputation.

 

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Cyber-attacks or other security breaches could adversely affect our operations, net income or reputation.

We regularly collect, process, transmit and store significant amounts of confidential information regarding our customers, employees and others and concerning our own business, operations, plans and strategies. In some cases, this confidential or proprietary information is collected, compiled, processed, transmitted or stored by third parties on our behalf.

Information security risks have generally increased in recent years because of the proliferation of new technologies, the use of the Internet and telecommunications technologies to conduct financial and other transactions and the increased sophistication and activities of perpetrators of cyber-attacks and mobile phishing. Mobile phishing, a means for identity thieves to obtain sensitive personal information through fraudulent e-mail, text or voice mail, is an emerging threat targeting the customers of financial entities. A failure in or breach of our operational or information security systems, or those of our third-party service providers, as a result of cyber-attacks or information security breaches or due to employee error, malfeasance or other disruptions could adversely affect our business, result in the disclosure or misuse of confidential or proprietary information, damage our reputation, increase our costs and/or cause losses.

If this confidential or proprietary information were to be mishandled, misused or lost, we could be exposed to significant regulatory consequences, reputational damage, civil litigation and financial loss.

Although we employ a variety of physical, procedural and technological safeguards to protect this confidential and proprietary information from mishandling, misuse or loss, these safeguards do not provide absolute assurance that mishandling, misuse or loss of the information will not occur, and that if mishandling, misuse or loss of information does occur, those events will be promptly detected and addressed. Similarly, when confidential or proprietary information is collected, compiled, processed, transmitted or stored by third parties on our behalf, our policies and procedures require that the third party agree to maintain the confidentiality of the information, establish and maintain policies and procedures designed to preserve the confidentiality of the information, and permit us to confirm the third party’s compliance with the terms of the agreement. As information security risks and cyber threats continue to evolve, we may be required to expend additional resources to continue to enhance our information security measures and/or to investigate and remediate any information security vulnerabilities.

Risks associated with system failures, interruptions, or breaches of security could negatively affect our earnings.

Information technology systems are critical to our business. We use various technology systems to manage our customer relationships, general ledger, securities, deposits, and loans. We have established policies and procedures to prevent or limit the impact of system failures, interruptions, and security breaches, but such events may still occur and may not be adequately addressed if they do occur. In addition, any compromise of our systems could deter customers from using our products and services. Although we rely on security systems to provide the security and authentication necessary to effect the secure transmission of data, these precautions may not protect our systems from compromises or breaches of security.

In addition, we outsource a majority of our data processing to third-party providers. If these third-party providers encounter difficulties, or if we have difficulty communicating with them, our ability to adequately process and account for transactions could be affected, and our business operations could be adversely affected. Threats to information security also exist in the processing of customer information through various other vendors and their personnel.

 

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The occurrence of any system failures, interruptions, or breaches of security could damage our reputation and result in a loss of customers and business, subject us to additional regulatory scrutiny or expose us to litigation and possible financial liability. Any of these events could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

We depend on our management team, many of whom are new to Blue Foundry Bank, to implement our business strategy and execute successful operations and we could be harmed by the loss of their services.

We depend upon the services of the members of our senior management team to implement our business strategy and execute our operations. Over the last several years we have hired certain new senior level management to implement Blue Foundry Bank’s new focus and direction. Our future success will depend, to a significant extent, on the ability of our new management team to operate effectively, both individually and as a group. We must successfully manage issues that may result from the integration of the new members of our executive management. Our management team is comprised of experienced executives, with each of our top four executives possessing an average of 29 years of financial institution experience. Members of our senior management team and lending personnel who have expertise and key business relationships in our markets could be difficult to replace. The loss of these persons or our inability to hire additional qualified personnel, could impact our ability to implement our business strategy and could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and our ability to compete. See “Management.”

Our cost of operations is high relative to our revenues.

Our non-interest expense totaled $77.1 million and $37.0 million for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. We continue to analyze our expenses and achieve efficiencies where available. Although we strive to generate increases in both net interest income and non-interest income, our efficiency ratio remains high as a result of operating expenses, resulting in part from one-time expenses during the year ended December 31, 2020 related to the investments that we have made in our infrastructure. Our efficiency ratio was 191.51% and 81.5% for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

The cost of additional finance and accounting systems, procedures and controls in order to satisfy our new public company reporting requirements will increase our expenses.

As a result of the completion of this stock offering, we will become a public reporting company. We expect that the obligations of being a public company, including the substantial public reporting obligations, will require significant expenditures and place additional demands on our management team. We have made, and will continue to make, changes to our internal controls and procedures for financial reporting and accounting systems to meet our reporting obligations as a public company. However, the measures we take may not be sufficient to satisfy our obligations as a public company. Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the “Sarbanes Oxley Act”) requires annual management assessments of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting, starting with the second annual report that we would expect to file with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Any failure to achieve and maintain an effective internal control environment could have a material adverse effect on our business. In addition, we may need to hire additional compliance, accounting and financial staff with appropriate public company experience and technical knowledge, and we may not be able to do so in a timely fashion. As a result, we may need to rely on outside consultants to provide these services for us until qualified personnel are hired. These obligations will increase our operating expenses and could divert our management’s attention from our operations.

 

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We are a community bank and our ability to maintain our reputation is critical to the success of our business and the failure to do so may materially adversely affect our performance.

We are a community bank and our reputation is one of the most valuable assets of our business. A key component of our business strategy is to rely on our reputation for customer service and knowledge of local markets to expand our presence by capturing new business opportunities from existing and prospective customers in our market area and contiguous areas. As such, we strive to conduct our business in a manner that enhances our reputation. This is done, in part, by recruiting, hiring and retaining employees who share our core values of being an integral part of the communities we serve, delivering superior service to our customers and caring about our customers. If our reputation is negatively affected by the actions of our employees, by our inability to conduct our operations in a manner that is appealing to current or prospective customers, or otherwise, our business and operating results may be materially adversely affected.

Our risk management framework may not be effective in mitigating risk and reducing the potential for significant losses.

Our risk management framework is designed to minimize risk and loss to us. We seek to identify, measure, monitor, report and control our exposure to risk, including strategic, market, liquidity, compliance and operational risks. While we use broad and diversified risk monitoring and mitigation techniques, these techniques are inherently limited because they cannot anticipate the existence or future development of currently unanticipated or unknown risks. Recent economic conditions and heightened legislative and regulatory scrutiny of the financial services industry, among other developments, have increased our level of risk. Accordingly, we could suffer losses if we fail to properly anticipate and manage these risks.

Risks Related to Regulatory Matters

Changes in laws and regulations and the cost of regulatory compliance with new laws and regulations may adversely affect our operations and/or increase our costs of operations.

We are subject to extensive regulation, supervision and examination by our banking regulators. Such regulation and supervision govern the activities in which a financial institution and its holding company may engage and are intended primarily for the protection of insurance funds and the depositors and borrowers of Blue Foundry Bank rather than for the protection of our shareholders. Regulatory authorities have extensive discretion in their supervisory and enforcement activities, including the ability to impose restrictions on our operations, classify our assets and determine the level of our allowance for loan losses. These regulations, along with the currently existing tax, accounting, securities, deposit insurance and monetary laws, rules, standards, policies, and interpretations, control the methods by which financial institutions conduct business, implement strategic initiatives, and govern financial reporting and disclosures. As a smaller institution, we are disproportionately affected by the ongoing increased costs of compliance with banking and other regulations. Any change in such regulation and oversight, whether in the form of regulatory policy, new regulations, legislation or supervisory action, may have a material impact on our operations. Further, changes in accounting standards can be both difficult to predict and involve judgment and discretion in their interpretation by us and our independent accounting firms. These changes could materially impact, potentially retroactively, how we report our financial condition and results of operations.

We are subject to stringent capital requirements, which may adversely impact our return on equity, require us to raise additional capital, or restrict us from paying dividends or repurchasing shares.

Federal regulations establish minimum capital requirements for insured depository institutions, including minimum risk-based capital and leverage ratios and define what constitutes “capital” for calculating these ratios. The regulations also establish a “capital conservation buffer” of 2.5%, effectively resulting in the following minimum ratios: (1) a common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 7.0%, (2) a Tier 1 to risk-based assets capital ratio of 8.5%, and (3) a total capital ratio of 10.5%. An institution will be subject to limitations on paying dividends, repurchasing its shares, and paying discretionary bonuses, if its capital levels fall below the buffer amount.

 

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Non-compliance with the USA PATRIOT Act, Bank Secrecy Act, or other laws and regulations could result in fines or sanctions.

The USA PATRIOT and Bank Secrecy Acts require financial institutions to develop programs to prevent financial institutions from being used for money laundering and terrorist activities. If such activities are detected, financial institutions are obligated to file suspicious activity reports with the U.S. Treasury’s Office of Financial Crimes Enforcement Network. These rules require financial institutions to establish procedures for identifying and verifying the identity of customers seeking to open new financial accounts. Failure to comply with these regulations could result in fines or sanctions, including restrictions on conducting acquisitions or establishing new branches. During the last year, several banking institutions have received large fines for non-compliance with these laws and regulations. The policies and procedures we have adopted that are designed to assist in compliance with these laws and regulations may not be effective in preventing violations of these laws and regulations.

Changes in management’s estimates and assumptions may have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements and our financial condition or operating results.

In preparing this prospectus as well as periodic reports we will be required to file under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), including our consolidated financial statements, our management is and will be required under applicable rules and regulations to make estimates and assumptions as of specified dates. These estimates and assumptions are based on management’s best estimates and experience at such times and are subject to substantial risk and uncertainty. Materially different results may occur as circumstances change and additional information becomes known. Areas requiring significant estimates and assumptions by management include our evaluation of the adequacy of our allowance for loan losses, the determination of our deferred income taxes, our fair value measurements, our determination of goodwill impairment, and our evaluation of our defined benefit pension plan obligations.

Risks Related to the Stock Offering

The future price of the shares of common stock may be less than the $10.00 purchase price per share in the stock offering.

If you purchase shares of common stock in the stock offering, you may not be able to sell them later at or above the $10.00 purchase price in the stock offering. In many cases, shares of common stock issued by newly converted savings institutions or mutual holding companies have traded below the initial offering price. The aggregate purchase price of the shares of common stock sold in the stock offering will be based on an independent appraisal. The independent appraisal is not intended, and should not be construed, as a recommendation of any kind as to the advisability of purchasing shares of common stock. The independent appraisal is based on certain estimates, assumptions and projections, all of which are subject to change from time to time. After the shares begin trading, the trading price of our common stock will be determined by the marketplace, and may be influenced by many factors, including prevailing interest rates, the overall performance of the economy, changes in federal tax laws, new regulations, investor perceptions of Blue Foundry Bancorp and the outlook for the financial services industry in general. Price fluctuations in our common stock may be unrelated to our operating performance.

Our failure to effectively deploy the net proceeds may have an adverse effect on our financial performance.

We intend to invest between $87.5 million and $118.7 million of the net proceeds of the stock offering (or $136.7 million at the adjusted maximum of the offering range) in Blue Foundry Bank. We may use the remaining net proceeds to invest in short-term investments and for general corporate purposes, including repurchasing shares of our common stock and paying dividends. We will use a portion of the net proceeds we retain to fund a loan to our employee stock ownership plan to purchase shares of

 

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common stock in the stock offering and to fund the charitable foundation. Blue Foundry Bank may use the net proceeds it receives to fund new loans, expand its retail banking franchise by establishing or acquiring new branches or by acquiring other financial institutions or other financial services companies, or for other general corporate purposes. However, with the exception of funding the loan to the employee stock ownership plan and funding the charitable foundation, we have not allocated specific amounts of the net proceeds for any of these purposes, and we will have significant flexibility in determining the amount of the net proceeds we apply to different uses and when we apply or reinvest such proceeds. Also, certain of these uses, such as opening new branches or acquiring other financial institutions, may require the approval of the NJDOBI, the FDIC or the Federal Reserve Board. We have not established a timetable for investing the net proceeds, and we cannot predict how long we will require to invest the net proceeds. Our failure to reinvest these funds effectively would reduce our profitability and may adversely affect the value of our common stock.

Our return on equity will be low following the stock offering. This could negatively affect the trading price of our shares of common stock.

Net income divided by average shareholders’ equity, known as “return on equity,” is a ratio many investors use to compare the performance of financial institutions. Our return on equity will be low until we are able to profitably leverage the additional capital we receive from the stock offering. Our return on equity also will be negatively affected by added expenses associated with our employee stock ownership plan and the stock-based benefit plans we intend to adopt, and may be negatively affected by higher minimum regulatory capital requirements. Until we can increase our net interest income and non-interest income and leverage the capital raised in the stock offering, we expect our return on equity to be low, which may reduce the market price of our shares of common stock.

Our stock-based benefit plans will increase our expenses and reduce our income.

We intend to adopt one or more stock-based benefit plans after the conversion, subject to shareholder approval, which will increase our annual compensation and benefit expenses related to the stock options and stock awards granted to participants under the stock-based benefit plans. The actual amount of these new stock-related compensation and benefit expenses will depend on the number of options and stock awards granted under the plans, the fair market value of our stock or options on the date of grant, the vesting period, and other factors which we cannot predict at this time. If we adopt stock-based benefit plans within 12 months following the conversion, the shares of common stock reserved for issuance pursuant to awards of restricted stock and grants of options under such plans would be limited to 4% and 10%, respectively, of the total shares of our common stock outstanding following the stock offering. If we adopt stock-based benefit plans more than 12 months after the completion of the conversion, we may award restricted shares of common stock or grant options in excess of these amounts, which would further increase costs.

In addition, we will recognize expense for our employee stock ownership plan when shares are committed to be released to participants’ accounts, and we will recognize expense for restricted stock awards and stock options over the vesting period of awards made to recipients. The expense in the first year following the stock offering for our new stock-based benefit plans has been estimated to be approximately $5.0 million ($3.9 million after tax) at the adjusted maximum of the stock offering range as set forth in the pro forma financial information under “Pro Forma Data,” assuming the $10.00 per share purchase price as fair market value. Actual expenses, however, may be higher or lower, depending on the price of our common stock. For further discussion of our proposed stock-based plans, see “Management—Benefits to be Considered Following Completion of the Conversion.”

 

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The implementation of stock-based benefit plans may dilute your ownership interest.

We intend to adopt one or more stock-based benefit plans following the stock offering. These plans may be funded either through open market purchases of our common stock or from the issuance of authorized but unissued shares of common stock. Our ability to repurchase shares of our common stock to fund these plans will be subject to many factors, including applicable regulatory restrictions on stock repurchases, the availability of stock in the market, the trading price of the stock, our capital levels, alternative uses for our capital and our financial performance. While our intention is to fund the stock-based benefit plans through open market purchases, shareholders would experience a 12.28% dilution in ownership interest if newly issued shares of our common stock are used to fund stock options and shares of restricted common stock in amounts equal to 10% and 4%, respectively, of the shares outstanding following the stock offering, and all such stock options are exercised. Such dilution would also reduce earnings per share. If we adopt the plans more than 12 months following the conversion, the stock-based benefit plans would not be subject to these limitations and shareholders could experience greater dilution.

The cost of a withdrawal from our multiple-employer defined benefit pension plan may be greater than estimated.

We participate in the Pentegra Defined Benefit Plan for Financial Institutions, a tax-qualified, multiple-employer defined benefit pension plan for the benefit of employees of Blue Foundry Bank. Pentegra determines the annual contributions required to be made by each participating company, and these contributions are expensed during the relevant year. Blue Foundry Bank’s contributions related to this plan for the years ended December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 were $800,000 and $2.8 million, respectively. The benefits are based on years of service and employee compensation. Blue Foundry Bank froze this plan to new participants as of December 31, 2018, while contributions for existing participants will be phased out over future years.

Although a final decision has not been made, we may utilize proceeds from the stock offering or earnings to support a potential full or partial withdrawal from the plan, subject to the completion of the conversion and stock offering. Based on estimates provided in July 2020, the total cost (pre-tax) to withdraw from the plan could range between $12.0 million and $22.0 million. We anticipate using a portion of the proceeds of the stock offering to fund the costs associated with a withdrawal from the plan, which would reduce the amount of proceeds available for originating new loans and other business purposes. Because the costs of a withdrawal from this plan would be primarily dependent on the value of the plan’s assets and applicable interest rates at the time of our withdrawal, we will not know the actual costs associated with a withdrawal from the plan until the date of the withdrawal, which we anticipate would be no sooner than the latter half of 2021. The actual cost could be significantly higher than the estimated cost provided by the plan administrator.

Various factors may make takeover attempts more difficult to achieve.

Certain provisions of our certificate of incorporation and bylaws and state and federal banking laws, including regulatory approval requirements, could make it more difficult for a third party to acquire control of Blue Foundry Bancorp without our board of directors’ approval. Under regulations applicable to the conversion, for a period of three years following completion of the conversion, no person may acquire beneficial ownership of more than 10% of our common stock without prior approval of the Federal Reserve Board. Under federal law, subject to certain exemptions, a person, entity or group must notify the Federal Reserve Board before acquiring control of a bank holding company. There also are provisions in our certificate of incorporation and bylaws that may be used to delay or block a takeover attempt, including a provision that prohibits any person from voting more than 10% of our outstanding shares of common stock. Furthermore, shares of restricted stock and stock options that we have granted or may grant to employees and directors, stock ownership by our management and directors, shares held by the employee stock ownership plan and other factors may make it more difficult for companies or persons to acquire control of Blue Foundry Bancorp without the consent of our board of directors. Taken as a whole, these statutory provisions and provisions in our certificate of incorporation and bylaws could result in our being less attractive to a potential acquirer and thus could adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

 

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For additional information, see “Restrictions on Acquisition of Blue Foundry Bancorp” and “Management—Benefits to be Considered Following Completion of the Conversion.”

There may be a limited trading market in our shares of common stock, which would hinder your ability to sell our common stock and may lower the market price of our common stock.

We expect that our common stock will be traded on the on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “BLFY” upon conclusion of the stock offering. The development of an active trading market depends on the existence of willing buyers and sellers, the presence of which is not within our control, or that of any market maker. The number of active buyers and sellers of the shares of common stock at any particular time may be limited. Under such circumstances, you could have difficulty selling your shares of common stock on short notice, and, therefore, you should not view the shares of common stock as a short-term investment. If you purchase shares of common stock, you may not be able to sell them at or above $10.00 per share. Purchasers of common stock in this stock offering should have long-term investment intent and should recognize that there will be a limited trading market in the common stock. This may make it difficult to sell the common stock after the stock offering and may have an adverse impact on the price at which the common stock can be sold.

Our stock value may be negatively affected by applicable regulations that restrict stock repurchases.

Applicable regulations generally restrict us from repurchasing our shares of common stock during the first year following the stock offering. Stock repurchases are a capital management tool that can enhance the value of a company’s stock, and our inability to repurchase our shares of common stock during the first year following the stock offering may negatively affect our stock price.

You may not revoke your decision to purchase Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock in the subscription or community offerings after you send us your order.

Funds submitted or automatic withdrawals authorized in connection with the purchase of shares of common stock in the subscription and community offerings will be held by us until the completion or termination of the conversion and stock offering, including any extension of the expiration date and consummation of a syndicated community offering or firm commitment underwritten public offering. Because completion of the conversion and stock offering will be subject to regulatory approvals and an update of the independent appraisal prepared by RP Financial, LC., among other factors, there may be one or more delays in completing the conversion and stock offering. Orders submitted in the subscription and community offerings are irrevocable, and purchasers will have no access to their funds unless the stock offering is terminated, or extended beyond [extension date], or the number of shares to be sold in the stock offering is increased to more than 27,772,500 shares or decreased to fewer than 17,850,000 shares.

We are an emerging growth company within the meaning of the Securities Act, and because we expect to take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements applicable to emerging growth companies, our common stock could be less attractive to investors.

We are an “emerging growth company,” as defined in the Securities Act, as modified by the JOBS Act. For as long as we continue to be an emerging growth company, we may choose to take advantage of exemptions from various reporting requirements applicable to other public companies but not to emerging growth companies, including, but not limited to, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements of

 

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holding a non-binding advisory vote on executive compensation and shareholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. As an emerging growth company, we also will not be subject to Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, which would require that our independent auditors review and attest as to the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting. We have also elected to use the extended transition period to delay adoption of new or revised accounting pronouncements applicable to public companies until such pronouncements are made applicable to private companies. Accordingly, our financial statements may not be comparable to the financial statements of public companies that comply with such new or revised accounting standards. Investors may find our common stock less attractive since we have chosen to rely on these exemptions. If some investors find our common stock less attractive as a result of any choices to reduce future disclosure, there may be a less active trading market for our common stock and the price of our common stock may be more volatile. Taking advantage of any of these exemptions may adversely affect the value and trading price of our common stock.    

We could remain an “emerging growth company” for up to five years, or until the earliest of (a) the last day of the first fiscal year in which our annual gross revenues exceed $1.07 billion, (b) the date that the market value of our common stock that is held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the last business day of our most recently completed second fiscal quarter, or (c) the date on which we have issued more than $1.0 billion in non-convertible debt during the preceding three-year period.

The distribution of subscription rights could have adverse income tax consequences.

If the subscription rights granted to certain current or former depositors of Blue Foundry Bank are deemed to have an ascertainable value, receipt of such rights may be taxable in an amount equal to such value. Whether subscription rights are considered to have ascertainable value is an inherently factual determination. We have received an opinion of counsel, Luse Gorman, PC, that it is more likely than not that such rights have no value; however, such opinion is not binding on the Internal Revenue Service.

Risks Related to the Charitable Foundation

The contribution to the charitable foundation will dilute your ownership interest and adversely affect net income in 2021.

We intend to establish and fund a new charitable foundation in connection with the stock offering. We intend to contribute 750,000 shares of our common stock at the completion of the stock offering and $1.5 million in cash. The contribution will have an adverse effect on our net income for the quarter and year in which we complete the stock offering and contribution to the charitable foundation. The after-tax expense of the contribution is expected to reduce net income for the year ended December 31, 2021 by approximately $6.2 million. Our net loss for the year ended December 31, 2020 was $31.5 million. In addition, persons purchasing shares in the stock offering will have their ownership and voting interests in Blue Foundry Bancorp diluted by up to 4.0% due to the contribution of shares of common stock to the charitable foundation.

Our contribution to the charitable foundation may not be tax deductible, which could reduce our profits.

We may not have sufficient profits to be able to fully use the tax deduction from our contribution to the charitable foundation. Under the Internal Revenue Code, an entity is permitted to deduct up to 10% of its taxable income (generally income before federal income taxes and charitable contributions expense) in any one year for charitable contributions. Any contribution in excess of the 10% limit may be deducted for federal income tax purposes over each of the five years following the year in which the charitable contribution is made. Accordingly, a charitable contribution could, if necessary, be deducted over a six-year period and expires thereafter.

 

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SELECTED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL AND OTHER DATA

The following tables set forth selected consolidated historical financial and other data of Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ and its subsidiaries as of and for the periods indicated. The following is only a summary and you should read it in conjunction with the business and financial information regarding Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ contained elsewhere in this prospectus, including the consolidated financial statements beginning on page F-1 of this prospectus. The information at December 31, 2020 and 2019 and for the years then ended is derived in part from the audited consolidated financial statements that appear in this prospectus. The other information presented in these tables is derived in part from audited consolidated financial statements that do not appear in this prospectus.

 

   At December 31,   At April 30, 
   2020   2019   2019   2018   2017   2016 
   (In thousands) 

Selected Financial Condition Data:

          

Total assets

  $ 1,942,546   $ 1,854,144   $ 1,702,549   $ 1,695,988   $ 1,684,055   $ 1,547,767 

Cash and cash equivalents

   316,445    124,034    36,122    30,851    29,390    25,590 

Securities held-to-maturity

   7,005    9,510    2,500    2,500    2,500    2,500 

Securities available-for-sale

   244,587    204,408    119,443    128,467    134,284    156,773 

Loans receivable, net

   1,267,114    1,409,776    1,459,315    1,446,221    1,428,956    1,275,740 

FHLB stock

   16,620    15,411    11,392    9,079    9,913    8,529 

Premises and equipment, net

   19,569    32,270    32,122    33,012    33,510    34,913 

Right-of-use assets

   24,878    —      —      —      —      —   

Assets held-for-sale

   5,295    —      —      —      —      —   

Bank owned life insurance

   21,186    20,871    5,757    5,700    5,641    5,577 

Goodwill

       15,460    15,460    15,460    15,460    15,460 

Total liabilities

   1,736,946    1,616,523    1,466,190    1,470,580    1,463,425    1,333,042 

Deposits

   1,356,184    1,295,048    1,240,050    1,288,661    1,268,259    1,167,485 

FHLB advances

   329,400    296,900    207,800    162,000    175,000    147,000 

Total equity

   205,601    237,621    236,359    225,408    220,630    214,725 

 

   For the Year Ended
December 31,
   For the Year Ended April 30, 
   2020  2019   2019  2018  2017   2016 
   (In thousands) 

Selected Operating Data:

         

Interest income

  $61,625  $ 64,827   $ 63,783  $ 62,915  $ 58,182   $ 55,539 

Interest expense

   22,557   21,906    17,559   14,905   13,289    11,941 
  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net interest income

   39,068   42,921    46,225   48,009   44,893    43,597 

Provision for (recovery of) loan losses

   2,518   1,265    (648  (188  1,046    2,266 
  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net interest income after provision for (recovery of) loan losses

   36,549   41,656    46,873   48,197   43,847    41,331 

Non-interest income

   1,207   2,621    2,096   1,337   1,151    1,980 

Non-interest expenses

   77,128   36,956    34,443   37,180   34,559    33,977 
  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

 

(Loss) income before income taxes

   (39,372  7,321    14,525   12,354   10,439    9,335 

Income tax (benefit) expense

   (7,866  1,839    4,057   6,094   3,572    3,180 
  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net (loss) income

  $(31,506 $5,482   $10,468  $6,261  $6,867   $6,154 
  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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   At or For the Year Ended
December 31,
  At or For the Year Ended April 30, 
   2020  2019  2019  2018  2017  2016 

Performance Ratios:

       

Return (loss) on average assets(1)

   (1.63)%   0.31  0.62  0.37  0.41  0.40

Return (loss) on average equity(2)

   (14.62  2.31   4.47   2.78   3.14   2.89 

Interest rate spread(3)

   1.93   2.33   2.63   2.77   2.68   2.80 

Net interest margin(4)

   2.10   2.55   2.82   2.92   2.81   2.93 

Efficiency ratio(5)

   191.51   81.15   71.28   75.35   75.06   74.55 

Average interest-earning assets to average interest-bearing liabilities

   114.27   116.87   117.12   116.07   115.41   115.74 

Loans to deposits

   94.68   109.98   118.75   113.30   113.80   110.40 

Equity to assets(6)

   10.58   12.82   13.88   13.29   13.10   13.87 

Capital Ratios:(7)

       

Tier 1 capital (to adjusted total assets)

   10.72   12.32   13.13   12.40   12.42   12.82 

Tier I capital (to risk-weighted assets)

   19.93   20.29   20.44   18.29   18.67   20.34 

Total capital (to risk-weighted assets)

   21.18   21.54   21.68   19.50   19.92   21.60 

Common equity Tier 1 capital (to risk-weighted assets)

   19.93   20.29   20.44   18.29   18.67   20.34 

Asset Quality Ratios:

       

Allowance for loan losses as a percent of total loans

   1.34   1.03   0.91   0.96   1.01   1.03 

Allowance for loan losses as a percent of non-performing loans

   131.92   295.36   299.53   344.37   87.14   53.91 

Net charge-offs to average outstanding loans during the period

   —     —     0.01   (0.02  0.01   (0.35

Non-performing loans as a percent of total loans

   1.00   0.34   0.30   0.28   1.14   1.90 

Non-performing assets as a percent of total assets

   0.69   0.37   0.38   0.82   1.16   1.78 

Other Data:

       

Number of offices

   16   17   17   17   17   17 

Number of full-time equivalent employees

   168   179   196   202   199   198 

 

(1)

Represents net income divided by average total assets.

(2)

Represents net income divided by average equity.

(3)

Represents the difference between the weighted average yield on average interest-earning assets and the weighted average cost on average interest-bearing liabilities.

(4)

Represents net interest income as a percent of average interest-earning assets.

(5)

Represents non-interest expense divided by the sum of net interest income and non-interest income.

(6)

Represents average equity divided by average total assets.

(7)

Bank only. Capital ratios at April 30 are based on March 31 call report data for such year.

 

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FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This prospectus contains forward-looking statements, which can be identified by the use of words such as “estimate,” “project,” “believe,” “intend,” “anticipate,” “plan,” “seek,” “expect,” “will,” “would,” “should,” “could” or “may,” and words of similar meaning. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:

 

  

statements of our goals, intentions and expectations;

 

  

statements regarding our business plans, prospects, growth and operating strategies;

 

  

statements regarding the quality of our loan and investment portfolios; and

 

  

estimates of our risks and future costs and benefits.

These forward-looking statements are based on current beliefs and expectations of our management and are inherently subject to significant business, economic and competitive uncertainties and contingencies, many of which are beyond our control. In addition, these forward-looking statements are subject to assumptions with respect to future business strategies and decisions that are subject to change.

The following factors, among others, could cause actual results to differ materially from the anticipated results or other expectations expressed in the forward-looking statements:

 

  

conditions related to the recent global coronavirus outbreak that has and will continue to pose risks and could harm our business and results of operations;

 

  

general economic conditions, either nationally or in our market areas, that are worse than expected;

 

  

changes in the level and direction of loan delinquencies and write-offs and changes in estimates of the adequacy of the allowance for loan losses;

 

  

our ability to access cost-effective funding;

 

  

fluctuations in real estate values and both residential and commercial real estate market conditions;

 

  

demand for loans and deposits in our market area;

 

  

our ability to implement and change our business strategies;

 

  

competition among depository and other financial institutions;

 

  

inflation and changes in the interest rate environment that reduce our margins and yields, the fair value of financial instruments or our level of loan originations, or increase the level of defaults, losses and prepayments on loans we have made and make;

 

  

adverse changes in the securities or secondary mortgage markets;

 

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changes in laws or government regulations or policies affecting financial institutions, including changes in regulatory fees, capital requirements and insurance premiums;

 

  

changes in monetary or fiscal policies of the U.S. Government, including policies of the U.S. Treasury and the Federal Reserve Board;

 

  

changes in the quality or composition of our loan or investment portfolios;

 

  

technological changes that may be more difficult or expensive than expected;

 

  

a failure or breach of our operational or security systems or infrastructure, including cyber attacks;

 

  

the inability of third party providers to perform as expected;

 

  

our ability to manage market risk, credit risk and operational risk in the current economic environment;

 

  

our ability to enter new markets successfully and capitalize on growth opportunities;

 

  

our ability to successfully integrate into our operations any assets, liabilities, customers, systems and management personnel we may acquire and our ability to realize related revenue synergies and cost savings within expected time frames and any goodwill charges related thereto;

 

  

changes in consumer spending, borrowing and savings habits;

 

  

changes in accounting policies and practices, as may be adopted by the bank regulatory agencies, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, the Securities and Exchange Commission or the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board;

 

  

our ability to retain key employees;

 

  

our compensation expense associated with equity allocated or awarded to our employees;

 

  

the ability of the U.S. Government to manage federal debt limits; and

 

  

changes in the financial condition, results of operations or future prospects of issuers of securities that we own.

Because of these and other uncertainties, our actual future results may be materially different from the results indicated by these forward-looking statements. Please see “Risk Factors” beginning on page 18. Except as required by applicable law or regulation, we do not undertake, and we specifically disclaim any obligation, to release publicly the results of any revisions that may be made to any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of the statements or to reflect the occurrence of anticipated or unanticipated events.

 

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HOW WE INTEND TO USE THE PROCEEDS FROM THE STOCK OFFERING

Although we cannot determine what the actual net proceeds from the sale of the shares of common stock in the stock offering will be until the stock offering is completed, we anticipate that the net proceeds will be between $175.0 million and $237.5 million, or $273.4 million if the offering range is increased by 15%.

We intend to distribute the net proceeds as follows:

 

   Based Upon the Sale at $10.00 Per Share of 
   17,850,000 Shares  21,000,000 Shares  24,150,000 Shares  27,772,500 Shares(1) 
   Amount  Percent
of Net
Proceeds
  Amount  Percent
of Net
Proceeds
  Amount  Percent
of Net
Proceeds
  Amount  Percent
of Net
Proceeds
 
   (Dollars in thousands) 

Offering proceeds

  $ 178,500   $ 210,000   $ 241,500   $ 277,725  

Less offering expenses

   (3,533   (3,779   (4,025   (4,309 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

  

Net offering proceeds

  $174,967   100.0 $206,221   100.0 $237,475   100.0 $273,416   100.0
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

  

Distribution of net proceeds:

         

To Blue Foundry Bank

  $87,484   50.0 $103,111   50.0 $118,738   50.0 $136,708   50.0

To fund loan to employee stock ownership plan

  $14,880   8.5 $17,400   8.4 $19,920   8.4 $22,818   8.3

Cash contribution to the charitable foundation

  $1,500   0.9 $1,500   0.7 $1,500   0.6 $1,500   0.5

Retained by Blue Foundry Bancorp

  $71,104   40.6 $84,211   40.8 $97,318   41.0 $112,390   41.1

 

(1)

As adjusted to give effect to an increase in the number of shares, which could occur due to a 15% increase in the offering range to reflect demand for the shares or changes in market conditions following the commencement of the stock offering.

Payments for shares of common stock made through withdrawals from existing deposit accounts will not result in the receipt of new funds for investment but will result in a reduction of Blue Foundry Bank’s deposits. The net proceeds may vary because total expenses relating to the stock offering may be more or less than our estimates. For example, our expenses would increase if all shares were not sold in the subscription and community offerings and a portion of the shares were sold in a syndicated community offering or firm commitment underwritten public offering.

Blue Foundry Bancorp may use the proceeds it retains from the stock offering:

 

  

to invest in securities;

 

  

to pay cash dividends to shareholders;

 

  

to repurchase shares of our common stock;

 

  

to finance the potential acquisition of financial institutions or financial services companies, although we do not currently have any agreements or understandings regarding any specific acquisition transaction; and

 

  

for other general corporate purposes.

See “Our Dividend Policy” for a discussion of our expected dividend policy following the completion of the conversion. Under current federal regulations, we may not repurchase shares of our common stock during the first year following the completion of the conversion, except when extraordinary circumstances exist and with prior regulatory approval, or except to fund the granting of restricted stock awards (which would require notification to the Federal Reserve Board) or tax-qualified employee stock benefit plans.

 

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Blue Foundry Bank may use proceeds that it receives from Blue Foundry Bancorp to pay the after-tax costs associated with any potential withdrawal from a multiple-employer defined benefit pension plan and may use the remaining net proceeds it receives from the stock offering:

 

  

to fund new loans;

 

  

to enhance existing products and services, hire additional employees and support growth and the development of new products and services;

 

  

to expand its retail banking franchise by establishing or acquiring new branches or by acquiring other financial institutions or other financial services companies as opportunities arise, although we do not currently have any understandings or agreements to acquire a financial institution or other entity;

 

  

to invest in securities; and

 

  

for other general corporate purposes.

Initially, a substantial portion of the net proceeds will be invested in short-term investments, investment-grade debt obligations and mortgage-backed securities. We have not determined specific amounts of the net proceeds that would be used for the purposes described above. The use of the proceeds outlined above may change based on many factors, including, but not limited to, changes in interest rates, equity markets, laws and regulations affecting the financial services industry, the attractiveness and availability of potential acquisitions to expand our operations, and overall market conditions. The use of the proceeds may also change depending on our ability to receive regulatory approval to establish new branches or acquire other financial institutions.

We expect our return on equity to be low until we are able to reinvest effectively the additional capital raised in the stock offering. Until we can increase our net interest income and non-interest income, we expect our return on equity to be below the industry average, which may negatively affect the value of our common stock. See “Risk Factors—Risks Related to the Stock Offering—Our failure to effectively deploy the net proceeds may have an adverse effect on our financial performance” and “—Our return on equity may be low following the offering. This could negatively affect the trading price of our shares of common stock.”

OUR DIVIDEND POLICY

No decision has been made with respect to the amount, if any, and timing of any dividend payments following the completion of the conversion and stock offering. The amount of dividends to be paid will be subject to our capital requirements, our financial condition and results of operations, tax considerations, statutory and regulatory limitations, and general economic conditions. We cannot assure you that we will pay dividends in the future, or that, if dividends are paid, any such dividends will not be reduced or eliminated in the future.

Blue Foundry Bancorp will not be permitted to pay dividends on its common stock if its shareholders’ equity would be reduced below the amount of the liquidation account established by Blue Foundry Bancorp in connection with the conversion. The source of dividends will depend on the net proceeds retained by Blue Foundry Bancorp and earnings thereon, and dividends from Blue Foundry Bank. In addition, Blue Foundry Bancorp will be subject to state law limitations and federal bank regulatory policy on the payment of dividends. Delaware law generally limits dividends to be paid out of its capital surplus or, if there is no surplus, out of net profits from the fiscal year in which the dividend is declared, and the preceding fiscal year, subject to certain limitations.

 

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After the completion of the conversion, Blue Foundry Bank will not be permitted to pay dividends on its capital stock to Blue Foundry Bancorp, its sole shareholder, if Blue Foundry Bank’s shareholders’ equity would be reduced below the amount of the liquidation account established in connection with the conversion. In addition, Blue Foundry Bank will not be permitted to make a capital distribution if, after making such distribution, it would be undercapitalized.

Under New Jersey law and applicable regulations, Blue Foundry Bank may declare and pay a dividend on its capital stock only to the extent that the payment of the dividend would not impair the capital stock of the savings bank. In addition, a stock savings bank may not pay a dividend unless the savings bank would, after the payment of the dividend, have a surplus of not less than 50% of its capital stock, or alternatively, the payment of the dividend would not reduce the surplus.

Any payment of dividends by Blue Foundry Bank to Blue Foundry Bancorp that would be deemed to be drawn from Blue Foundry Bank’s bad debt reserves established prior to 1988, if any, would require a payment of taxes at the then-current tax rate by Blue Foundry Bank on the amount of earnings deemed to be removed from the pre-1988 bad debt reserves for such distribution. Blue Foundry Bank does not intend to make any distribution that would create such a federal tax liability. For further information concerning additional federal law and regulations regarding the ability of Blue Foundry Bank to make capital distributions, including the payment of dividends to Blue Foundry Bancorp, see “Taxation—Federal Taxation.”

We will file a consolidated federal tax return with Blue Foundry Bank. Accordingly, it is anticipated that any cash distributions made by us to our shareholders would be treated as cash dividends and not as a non-taxable return of capital for federal tax purposes. Additionally, during the three-year period following the conversion, we will not be permitted to make any capital distribution to shareholders that would be treated by recipients as a tax-free return of capital for federal income tax purposes.

MARKET FOR THE COMMON STOCK

We have never publicly issued capital stock and there is no established market for our shares of common stock. We expect that our shares of common stock will be listed for trading on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “BLFY,” subject to completion of the stock offering and compliance with certain listing conditions, including the presence of at least three registered and active market makers. KBW has advised us that it intends to make a market in shares of our common stock following the stock offering, but it is not obligated to do so or to continue to do so once it begins. While we will attempt before completion of the stock offering to obtain commitments from at least two other broker-dealers to make a market in shares of our common stock, there can be no assurance that we will be successful in obtaining such commitments.

The development and maintenance of a public market, having the desirable characteristics of depth, liquidity and orderliness, depends on the existence of willing buyers and sellers, the presence of which is not within our control or that of any market maker. The number of active buyers and sellers of shares of our common stock at any particular time may be limited, which may have an adverse effect on the price at which shares of our common stock can be sold. There can be no assurance that persons purchasing the shares of common stock will be able to sell their shares at or above the $10.00 offering purchase price per share.

 

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HISTORICAL AND PRO FORMA REGULATORY CAPITAL COMPLIANCE

At December 31, 2020, Blue Foundry Bank exceeded all of the applicable regulatory capital requirements and was considered “well capitalized.” The table below sets forth the historical equity capital and regulatory capital of Blue Foundry Bank at December 31, 2020, and the pro forma equity capital and regulatory capital of Blue Foundry Bank, after giving effect to the sale of shares of common stock at $10.00 per share. The table also compares historical and pro forma capital levels to those required to be considered “well capitalized.” The table assumes the receipt by Blue Foundry Bank of 50% of the net offering proceeds. See “How We Intend to Use the Proceeds from the Stock Offering.”

 

   Blue Foundry Bank
Historical at

December 31, 2020
  Pro Forma at December 31, 2020, Based Upon the Sale in the Stock Offering of 
  17,850,000 Shares  21,000,000 Shares  24,150,000 Shares  27,772,500 Shares(1) 
   Amount   Percent of
Assets
  Amount  Percent
of
Assets
  Amount  Percent
of
Assets
  Amount  Percent
of
Assets
  Amount  Percent
of
Assets
 
   (Dollars in thousands) 

Equity

  $ 205,227    10.55 $ 255,211   12.55 $267,058   13.04 $ 278,905   13.51 $ 292,529   14.05
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

  

Tier 1 leverage capital(2)(3)

  $206,258    10.72 $256,242   12.74 $268,089   13.23 $279,936   13.71 $293,560   14.25

Tier 1 leverage requirement

   96,168    5.00  100,542   5.00  101,324   5.00  102,105   5.00  103,004   5.00
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Excess

  $110,090    5.72 $155,699   7.74 $166,765   8.23 $177,830   8.71 $190,557   9.25
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Tier 1 risk-based capital(2)(3)

  $206,258    19.93 $256,242   24.34 $268,089   25.39 $279,936   26.44 $293,560   27.63

Tier 1 risk-based requirement

   82,806    8.00  84,205   8.00  84,455   8.00  84,705   8.00  84,993   8.00
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Excess

  $123,452    11.93 $172,037   16.34 $183,633   17.39 $195,230   18.44 $208,567   19.63
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total risk-based capital(2)(3)

  $219,262    21.18 $269,246   25.58 $281,093   26.63 $292,940   27.67 $306,564   28.86

Total risk-based requirement

   103,507    10.00  105,257   10.00  105,569   10.00  105,882   10.00  106,241   10.00
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Excess

  $115,755    11.18 $163,989   15.58 $ 175,523   16.63 $187,058   17.67 $200,323   18.86
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Common equity tier 1 risk-based capital(2)(3)

  $206,258    19.93 $256,242   24.34 $268,089   25.39 $279,936   26.44 $293,560   27.63

Common equity tier 1 risk-based requirement

   67,279    6.50  68,417   6.50  68,620   6.50  68,823   6.50  69,057   6.50
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Excess

  $138,979    13.43 $187,825   17.84 $199,469   18.89 $211,113   19.94 $224,503   21.13
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Reconciliation of capital infused into Blue Foundry Bank:

 

        

Net proceeds

 

 $87,484   $103,111   $188,738   $136,708  

Less: Common stock acquired by stock-based benefit plan

 

  (7,440   (8,700   (9,960   (11,409 

Less: Common stock acquired by employee stock ownership plan

 

  (14,880   (17,400   (19,920   (22,818 

Less: Cost to withdraw from defined benefit pension plan (4)

 

  (15,180   (15,180   (15,180   (15,180 
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

  

Pro forma increase

 

 $49,984   $61,831   $73,678   $87,301  
     

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

(1)

As adjusted to give effect to an increase in the number of shares, which could occur due to a 15% increase in the offering range to reflect demand for the shares or changes in market conditions following the commencement of the stock offering.

(2)

Tier 1 leverage capital levels are shown as a percentage of total average assets. Risk-based capital levels are shown as a percentage of risk-weighted assets.

(3)

Pro forma amounts and percentages assume net proceeds are invested in assets that carry a 20% risk weighting.

(4)

Represents the estimated after-tax expense associated with any potential withdrawal by Blue Foundry Bank from the defined benefit pension plan, based on an estimated total cost to withdraw of $22.0 million. Based on estimates provided in July 2020 by the administrator of the plan, the pre-tax total cost to withdraw from the plan could range between $12.0 million and $22.0 million. The actual cost will not be known until the date of Blue Foundry Bank’s withdrawal from the plan, which we anticipate would be no sooner than the latter half of 2021, and could exceed $22.0 million.

 

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CAPITALIZATION

The following table presents the historical consolidated capitalization of Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ at December 31, 2020 and the pro forma consolidated capitalization of Blue Foundry Bancorp after giving effect to the conversion and stock offering based upon the assumptions set forth in the “Pro Forma Data” section.

 

   Blue Foundry
Bancorp
Historical at
December 31,
2020
  Pro Forma at December 31, 2020
Based upon the Sale in the Stock Offering at
$10.00 per Share of
 
  17,850,000
Shares
  21,000,000
Shares
  24,150,000
Shares
  27,772,500
Shares(1)
 
   (Dollars in thousands) 

Deposits(2)

  $ 1,356,184  $1,356,184  $1,356,184  $1,356,184  $1,356,184 

Borrowed funds

   329,400   329,400   329,400   329,400   329,400 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total deposits and borrowed funds

  $1,685,584  $1,685,584  $1,685,584  $1,685,584  $1,685,584 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Shareholders’ equity:

      

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized (post-conversion)(3)

   —     —     —     —     —   

Common stock, $0.01 par value, 70,000,000 shares authorized (post-conversion); shares to be issued as reflected(3)(4)

   10   186   218   249   285 

Additional paid-in capital(3)

   822   183,760   214,982   246,205   282,110 

Retained earnings(5)

   205,800   190,620   190,620   190,620   190,620 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

   (1,031  (1,031  (1,031  (1,031  (1,031

Expense of contribution to the charitable foundation

   —     (9,000  (9,000  (9,000  (9,000

Tax benefit of contribution to the charitable foundation

   —     2,790   2,790   2,790   2,790 

Less:

      

Common stock held by employee stock ownership plan(6)

   —     (14,880  (17,400  (19,920  (22,818

Common stock to be acquired by stock-based benefit plan(7)

   —     (7,440  (8,700  (9,960  (11,409
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total shareholders’ equity

  $205,601  $345,003  $372,477  $399,951  $431,545 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Pro Forma Shares Outstanding

      

Shares offered for sale

   —     17,850,000   21,000,000   24,150,000   27,772,500 

Shares issued to the foundation

   —     750,000   750,000   750,000   750,000 
   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total shares outstanding

   —     18,600,000   21,750,000   24,900,000   28,522,500 
   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total shareholders’ equity as a percentage of total assets(1)

   10.58  16.57  17.66  18.72  19.90

 

(1)

As adjusted to give effect to an increase in the number of shares, which could occur due to a 15% increase in the offering range to reflect demand for the shares or changes in market conditions following the commencement of the stock offering.

(2)

Does not reflect withdrawals from deposit accounts to purchase shares of common stock in the conversion and stock offering. These withdrawals would reduce pro forma deposits and assets by the amount of the withdrawals.    

(3)

Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ currently has 20,000,000 authorized shares of common stock, $0.10 par value per share, and 5,000,000 authorized shares of preferred stock. On a pro forma basis, common stock and additional paid-in capital have been revised to reflect the number of shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock to be outstanding.

(4)

No effect has been given to the issuance of additional shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock pursuant to the exercise of options under one or more stock-based benefit plans. If the plans are implemented within the first year after the closing of the stock offering, up to 10% of the shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock outstanding following the stock offering will be reserved for issuance upon the exercise of options under the plans. Implementation of such plans will require shareholder approval.

(5)

The retained earnings of Blue Foundry Bank will be substantially restricted after the conversion. See “The Conversion and Stock Offering—Liquidation Rights” and “Supervision and Regulation—Dividends.”

(footnotes continue on following page)

 

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(continued from previous page)

 

(6)

Assumes that 8.0% of the shares sold in the stock offering, including shares contributed to the charitable foundation, will be acquired by the employee stock ownership plan financed by a loan from Blue Foundry Bancorp. The loan will be repaid principally from Blue Foundry Bank’s contributions to the employee stock ownership plan. Since Blue Foundry Bancorp will finance the employee stock ownership plan debt, this debt will be eliminated through consolidation and no liability will be reflected on Blue Foundry Bancorp’s consolidated financial statements. Accordingly, the dollar amount of shares of common stock acquired by the employee stock ownership plan is shown in this table as a reduction of total shareholders’ equity.

(7)

Assumes a number of shares of common stock equal to 4% of the shares of common stock to be outstanding following the stock offering will be purchased for grant by one or more stock-based benefit plans. The funds to be used by such plans to purchase the shares will be provided by Blue Foundry Bancorp. The dollar amount of common stock to be purchased is based on the $10.00 per share subscription price in the stock offering and represents unearned compensation. This amount does not reflect possible increases or decreases in the value of common stock relative to the subscription price in the stock offering. Blue Foundry Bancorp will accrue compensation expense to reflect the vesting of shares pursuant to such stock-based benefit plans and will credit capital in an amount equal to the charge to operations. Implementation of such plans will require shareholder approval.

 

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PRO FORMA DATA

The following table summarizes historical data of Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ and pro forma data of Blue Foundry Bancorp at and for the year ended December 31, 2020. This information is based on assumptions set forth below and in the table, and should not be used as a basis for projections of market value of the shares of common stock following the conversion.

The net proceeds in the table are based upon the following assumptions:

 

 (i)

all of the shares of common stock will be sold in the subscription and community offerings;

 

 (ii)

our directors, executive officers, and their associates will purchase 402,500 shares of common stock;

 

 (iii)

our employee stock ownership plan will purchase 8.0% of the shares of common stock sold in the stock offering (including shares of common stock contributed to the charitable foundation) with a loan from Blue Foundry Bancorp. The loan will be repaid in substantially equal payments of principal and interest (at the prime rate of interest, as may be adjusted annually) over 25 years. Interest income that we earn on the loan will offset the interest paid by Blue Foundry Bank. The effect on earnings for the employee stock ownership plan is the cost of amortizing the combined loan over 25 years, net of historical expense for the year ended December 31, 2020;

 

 (iv)

Blue Foundry Bancorp will contribute $1.5 million in cash to the charitable foundation;

 

 (v)

we will pay KBW approximately $2.3 million with respect to shares sold in the subscription and community offerings;

 

 (vi)

no fee will be paid with respect to shares of common stock purchased by our tax-qualified and non-qualified employee stock benefit plans, contributed to our charitable foundation, or purchased by our officers, directors and employees, and their immediate families;

 

 (vii)

Blue Foundry Bank may use approximately $15.2 million to pay after-tax costs associated with any potential withdrawal from the multiple-employer defined benefit pension plan; and

 

 (viii)

total expenses of the stock offering, other than the fees and commissions to be paid to KBW and other broker-dealers, will be $2.0 million.

We calculated pro forma consolidated net income for the year ended December 31, 2020 as if the estimated net proceeds we received had been invested at the beginning of the period at an assumed interest rate of 0.36% (0.25% on an after-tax basis). This represents the yield on the five-year U.S. Treasury Note as of December 31, 2020, which, in light of current market interest rates, we consider to more accurately reflect the pro forma reinvestment rate than the arithmetic average of the weighted average yield earned on our interest earning assets and the weighted average rate paid on our deposits, which is the reinvestment rate federal regulations provide that we assume in presenting pro forma data.

We further believe that the reinvestment rate is factually supportable because:

 

  

the yield on the U.S Treasury Note can be determined and/or estimated from third-party sources; and

 

  

we believe that U.S. Treasury securities are not subject to credit losses due to a U.S.

 

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Government guarantee of payment of principal and interest.

We calculated historical and pro forma per share amounts by dividing historical and pro forma amounts of consolidated net income and shareholders’ equity by the indicated number of shares of common stock. For pro forma earnings per share calculations, we adjusted these figures to give effect to the shares of common stock purchased by the employee stock ownership plan. We computed per share amounts as if the shares of common stock were outstanding at the beginning of the year, but we did not adjust per share historical or pro forma shareholders’ equity to reflect the earnings on the estimated net proceeds.

The pro forma table gives effect to the implementation of one or more stock-based benefit plans. We have assumed that stock-based benefit plans will acquire for restricted stock awards a number of shares of common stock equal to 4% of the shares of common stock outstanding following the stock offering (including shares of common stock contributed to the charitable foundation) at the same price for which they were sold in the stock offering. We have assumed that awards of common stock granted under such plans vest over a five-year period.

We also have assumed that options will be granted under stock-based benefit plans to acquire shares of common stock equal to 10% of the shares of common stock outstanding following the stock offering (including shares of common stock contributed to the charitable foundation). In preparing the table below, we assumed that shareholder approval was obtained, that the exercise price of the stock options and the market price of the stock at the date of grant were $10.00 per share and that the stock options had a term of ten years and vested over five years. We applied the Black-Scholes option pricing model to estimate a grant-date fair value of $3.17 for each option.    

We may grant options and award shares of common stock under one or more stock-based benefit plans in excess of 10% and 4%, respectively, of the shares of common stock outstanding following the stock offering (including shares of common stock contributed to the charitable foundation) and that vest sooner than over a five-year period if the stock-based benefit plans are adopted more than one year following the completion of the stock offering.

As discussed under “How We Intend to Use the Proceeds from the Stock Offering,” we intend to contribute 50% of the net proceeds from the stock offering to Blue Foundry Bank, and we will retain the remainder of the net proceeds from the stock offering. We will use a portion of the proceeds we retain to fund a loan to the employee stock ownership plan and to contribute $1.5 million in cash to the charitable foundation. The rest of the proceeds will be returned for future use.

The pro forma table does not give effect to:

 

  

withdrawals from deposit accounts to purchase shares of common stock in the stock offering;

 

  

our results of operations after the stock offering; or

 

  

changes in the market price of the shares of common stock after the stock offering.

 

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The following pro forma information may not be representative of the financial effects of the stock offering at the dates on which the stock offering actually occurs, and should not be taken as indicative of future results of operations. Pro forma consolidated shareholders’ equity represents the difference between the stated amounts of our assets and liabilities. The pro forma shareholders’ equity is not intended to represent the fair market value of the shares of common stock and may be different than the amounts that would be available for distribution to shareholders if we liquidated. Moreover, pro forma shareholders’ equity per share does not give effect to the liquidation accounts to be established in the conversion or, in the unlikely event of a liquidation of Blue Foundry Bank, to the tax effect of the recapture of the bad debt reserve. See “The Conversion and Stock Offering—Liquidation Rights.”

 

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   At or for the Year Ended December 31, 2020
Based upon the Sale at $10.00 Per Share of
 
   17,850,000
Shares
  21,000,000
Shares
  24,150,000
Shares
  27,772,500
Shares(1)
 
   (Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts) 

Gross proceeds of stock offering

  $178,500  $210,000  $241,500  $277,725 

Market value of shares contributed to the charitable foundation

   7,500   7,500   7,500   7,500 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Pro forma market capitalization

  $186,000  $217,500  $249,000  $ 285,225 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Gross proceeds of stock offering

  $178,500  $210,000  $241,500  $277,725 

Expenses

   3,533   3,779   4,025   4,309 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Estimated net proceeds

   174,967   206,221   237,475   273,416 

Common stock purchased by employee stock ownership plan

   (14,880  (17,400  (19,920  (22,818

Common stock granted for restricted stock awards

   (7,440  (8,700  (9,960  (11,409
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Estimated net proceeds, as adjusted

  $152,647  $180,121  $207,595  $239,189 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

For the Year Ended December 31, 2020

     

Consolidated net earnings (loss):

     

Historical

  $(31,506)  $(31,506 $(31,506)  $(31,506) 

Income on adjusted net proceeds

   379   447   516   594 

Employee stock ownership plan(2)

   (411  (480  (550  (630

Stock awards(3)

   (1,027  (1,201  (1,374  (1,574

Stock options(4)

   (1,088  (1,272  (1,456  (1,668

Expense savings from withdrawal from defined benefit pension plan(5)

   1,225   1,225   1,225   1,225 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Pro forma net income

  $(32,428 $(32,787 $(33,145 $(33,559
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) per share(6):

     

Historical

  $(1.83)  $(1.57)  $(1.37)  $(1.20) 

Income on adjusted net proceeds

   0.02   0.02   0.02   0.02 

Employee stock ownership plan(2)

   (0.02  (0.02  (0.02  (0.02

Stock awards(3)

   (0.06  (0.06  (0.06  (0.06

Stock options(4)

   (0.06  (0.06  (0.06  (0.06

Expense savings from withdrawal from defined benefit pension plan(5)

   0.07   0.06   0.05   0.05 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Pro forma earnings (loss) per share(6)

  $(1.88 $(1.63 $(1.44 $(1.27
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Offering price to pro forma net earnings (loss) per share

   (5.32)x   (6.13)x   (6.94)x   (7.87)x 

Number of shares used in earnings per share calculations

   17,171,520   20,079,600   22,987,680   26,331,972 

At December 31, 2020

     

Shareholders’ equity:

     

Historical

  $205,601  $205,601  $205,601  $205,601 

Estimated net proceeds

   174,967   206,221   237,475   273,416 

Equity increase from the mutual holding company

   645   645   645   645 

Market value of shares contributed to the charitable foundation

   7,500   7,500   7,500   7,500 

Expense of contribution to the charitable foundation

   (9,000  (9,000  (9,000  (9,000

Tax benefit of contribution to the charitable foundation

   2,790   2,790   2,790   2,790 

Common stock acquired by employee stock ownership plan(2)

   (14,880  (17,400  (19,920  (22,818

Common stock acquired by stock-based benefit plans(3)

   (7,440  (8,700  (9,960  (11,409

Cost to withdraw from defined benefit pension plan(7)

   (15,180  (15,180  (15,180  (15,180
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Pro forma shareholders’ equity(8)

  $345,003  $372,477  $399,951  $431,545 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Shareholders’ equity per share:

     

Historical

  $11.05  $9.45  $8.26  $7.21 

Estimated net proceeds

   9.41   9.48   9.54   9.59 

Equity increase from the mutual holding company

   0.03   0.03   0.03   0.02 

Market value of shares contributed to the charitable foundation

   0.40   0.34   0.30   0.26 

Expense of contribution to the charitable foundation

   (0.48  (0.41  (0.36  (0.32

Tax benefit of contribution to the charitable foundation

   0.15   0.13   0.11   0.10 

 

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   At or for the Year Ended December 31, 2020
Based upon the Sale at $10.00 Per Share of
 
   17,850,000
Shares
  21,000,000
Shares
  24,150,000
Shares
  27,772,500
Shares(1)
 
   (Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts) 

Common stock acquired by employee stock ownership plan(2)

   (0.80  (0.80  (0.80  (0.80

Common stock acquired by stock-based benefit plans(3)

   (0.40  (0.40  (0.40  (0.40

Cost to withdraw from defined benefit pension plan(7)

   (0.82  (0.70  (0.61  (0.53
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Pro forma shareholders’ equity per share(8)

  $18.54  $17.12  $16.07  $15.13 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Offering price as percentage of pro forma shareholders’ equity per share

   53.94  58.41  62.23  66.09

Number of shares outstanding for pro forma book value per share calculations

   18,600,000   21,750,000   24,900,000   28,522,500 

 

(1)

As adjusted to give effect to an increase in the number of shares, which could occur due to a 15% increase in the offering range to reflect demand for the shares or changes in market conditions following the commencement of the stock offering.

(2)

Assumes that 8.0% of the shares of common stock sold in the stock offering, including shares contributed to the charitable foundation, will be purchased by the employee stock ownership plan. For purposes of this table, the funds used to acquire these shares are assumed to have been borrowed by the employee stock ownership plan from Blue Foundry Bancorp. Blue Foundry Bank intends to make annual contributions to the employee stock ownership plan in an amount at least equal to the required principal and interest payments on the debt. Blue Foundry Bank’s total annual payments on the employee stock ownership plan debt are based upon 25 equal annual installments of principal and interest. Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification 718-40, “Compensation—Stock Compensation—Employee Stock Ownership Plans” (“ASC 718-40”) requires that an employer record compensation expense in an amount equal to the fair value of the shares committed to be released to employees. The pro forma adjustments assume that the employee stock ownership plan shares are allocated in equal annual installments based on the number of loan repayment installments assumed to be paid by Blue Foundry Bank, the fair value of the common stock remains equal to the subscription price and the employee stock ownership plan expense reflects an effective combined federal and state tax rate of 31.0%. The unallocated employee stock ownership plan shares are reflected as a reduction of shareholders’ equity. No reinvestment is assumed on proceeds contributed to fund the employee stock ownership plan. The pro forma net income further assumes that 59,520, 69,600, 79,680 and 91,272 shares were committed to be released during the year at the minimum, midpoint, maximum and adjusted maximum of the offering range, respectively, and in accordance with ASC 718-40, only the employee stock ownership plan shares committed to be released during the period were considered outstanding for net income per share calculations.

(3)

Assumes that one or more stock-based benefit plans purchase an aggregate number of shares of common stock equal to 4.0% of the shares to be outstanding following the stock offering. Shareholder approval of the plans and purchases by the plans may not occur earlier than six months after the completion of the conversion. The shares may be acquired directly from Blue Foundry Bancorp or through open market purchases. Shares in the stock-based benefit plan are assumed to vest over a period of five years. The funds to be used to purchase the shares will be provided by Blue Foundry Bancorp. The table assumes that (i) the stock-based benefit plan acquires the shares through open market purchases at $10.00 per share, (ii) 20% of the amount contributed to the plan is amortized as an expense during the year ended December 31, 2020, and (iii) the plan expense reflects an effective combined federal and state tax rate of 31.0%. Assuming shareholder approval of the stock-based benefit plans and that shares of common stock (equal to 4.0% of the shares outstanding following the stock offering) are awarded through the use of authorized but unissued shares of common stock, shareholders would have their ownership and voting interests diluted by approximately 3.9%.

(4)

Assumes that options are granted under one or more stock-based benefit plans to acquire an aggregate number of shares of common stock equal to 10% of the shares to be outstanding following the stock offering. Shareholder approval of the plans may not occur earlier than six months after the completion of the conversion. In calculating the pro forma effect of the stock-based benefit plans, it is assumed that the exercise price of the stock options and the trading price of the common stock at the date of grant were $10.00 per share, the estimated grant-date fair value determined using the Black-Scholes option pricing model was $3.17 for each option, the aggregate grant-date fair value of the stock options was amortized to expense on a straight-line basis over a five-year vesting period, and that 25% of the amortization expense (or the assumed portion relating to options granted to directors) resulted in a tax benefit using an assumed tax rate of 31.0%. The actual expense will be determined by the grant-date fair value of the options, which will depend on a number of factors, including the valuation assumptions used and the option pricing model ultimately adopted. Under the above assumptions, the adoption of the stock-based benefit plans will result in no additional shares under the treasury stock method for calculating earnings per share. There can be no assurance that the exercise price of the stock options will be equal to the $10.00 price per share. If a portion of the shares used to satisfy the exercise of options comes from authorized but unissued shares, our net income per share and shareholders’ equity per share would decrease. The issuance of authorized but unissued shares of common stock pursuant to the exercise of options under such plan would dilute shareholders’ ownership and voting interests by approximately 9.1%.

(5)

Represents expense savings of approximately $1.2 million annually, assuming an effective tax rate of 31.0%, resulting from any potential withdrawal by Blue Foundry Bank’s from its multiple-employer defined benefit pension plan.

(footnotes continue on following page)

 

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(continued from previous page)

 

(6)

Net income per share computations are determined by taking the number of shares assumed to be sold in the stock offering and contributed to the charitable foundation and, in accordance with ASC 718-40, subtracting the employee stock ownership plan shares that have not been committed for release during the year. See footnote 2, above. The number of shares of common stock actually sold may be more or less than the assumed amounts.

(7)

Represents the estimated after-tax expense associated with any potential withdrawal by Blue Foundry Bank from the defined benefit pension plan, based on an estimated total cost to withdraw of $22.0 million. Based on estimates provided in July 2020 by the administrator of the plan, the pre-tax total cost to withdraw from the plan could range between $12.0 million and $22.0 million. The actual cost will not be known until the date of Blue Foundry Bank’s withdrawal from the plan, which we anticipate would be no sooner than the latter half of 2021, and could exceed $22.0 million.

(8)

The retained earnings of Blue Foundry Bank will be substantially restricted after the conversion. See “Our Dividend Policy,” “The Conversion and Stock Offering—Liquidation Rights” and “Supervision and Regulation—Federal Bank Regulation—Dividends.”

 

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COMPARISON OF VALUATION AND PRO FORMA INFORMATION

WITH AND WITHOUT THE CHARITABLE FOUNDATION

As reflected in the table below, if the charitable foundation is not established and funded in connection with the conversion and stock offering, RP Financial, LC. estimates that our pro forma valuation would be greater and, as a result, a greater number of shares of common stock would be issued in the stock offering. At the minimum, midpoint, maximum, and adjusted maximum of the valuation range, our pro forma valuation is $186.0 million, $217.5 million, $249.0 million and $285.2 million, respectively, with the charitable foundation, as compared to $191.3 million, $225.0 million, $258.8 million and $297.6 million, respectively, without the charitable foundation. There is no assurance that if the charitable foundation were not formed, the appraisal prepared at that time would conclude that our pro forma market value would be the same as that estimated in the table below. Any appraisal prepared at that time would be based on the facts and circumstances existing at that time, including, among other things, market and economic conditions.

For comparative purposes only, set forth below are certain pricing ratios, financial data and ratios at and for the year ended December 31, 2020 at the minimum, midpoint, maximum, and adjusted maximum of the offering range, assuming the stock offering was completed at the beginning of the period, with and without the charitable foundation.

 

  Minimum of Offering Range  Midpoint of Offering Range  Maximum of Offering Range  Adjusted Maximum of
Offering Range
 
  With
Foundation
  Without
Foundation
  With
Foundation
  Without
Foundation
  With
Foundation
  Without
Foundation
  With
Foundation
  Without
Foundation
 
  (Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts) 

Estimated offering amount

 $178,500  $191,250  $210,000  $225,000  $241,500  $258,750  $277,725  $297,563 

Pro forma market capitalization

  186,000   191,250   217,500   225,000   249,000   258,750   285,225   297,563 

Total assets

  2,081,948   2,092,673   2,109,422   2,122,109   2,136,896   2,151,546   2,168,490   2,185,397 

Total liabilities

  1,736,946   1,736,946   1,736,946   1,736,946   1,736,946   1,736,946   1,736,946   1,736,946 

Pro forma shareholders’ equity

  345,003   355,728   372,477   385,164   399,951   414,601   431,545   448,452 

Pro forma net income (loss)(1)

  (32,428  (32,469  (32,787  (32,854  (33,145  (33,238  (33,559  (33,682

Pro forma shareholders’ equity per share

 $18.54  $18.60  $17.12  $17.13  $16.07  $16.02  $15.13  $15.07 

Pro forma net income (loss) per share

 $(1.88)  $(1.83)  $(1.63)  $(1.58)  $(1.44)  $(1.39)  $(1.27)  $(1.23) 

Pro forma pricing ratios:

        

Offering price as a percentage of pro forma shareholders’ equity per share

  53.94  53.76  58.41  58.38  62.23  62.42  66.09  66.36

Offering price to pro forma net income (loss) per share

  (5.32)x   (5.46)x   (6.13)x   (6.33)x   (6.94)x   (7.19)x   (7.87)x   (8.13)x 

Pro forma financial ratios:

        

Return on assets

  (1.56)%   (1.55)%   (1.55)%   (1.55)%   (1.55)%   (1.54)%   (1.55)%   (1.54)% 

Return on equity

  (9.40)%   (9.13)%   (8.80)%   (8.53)%   (8.29)%   (8.02)%   (7.78)%   (7.51)% 

Equity to assets

  16.57  17.00  17.66  18.15  18.72  19.27  19.90  20.52

Total shares issued

  18,600,000   19,125,000   21,750,000   22,500,000   24,900,000   25,875,000   28,522,500   29,756,250 

(footnotes on following page)

 

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(1)

The following table shows the estimated after-tax expense associated with the contribution to the charitable foundation, as well as pro forma net income, pro forma net income per share, pro forma return on assets and pro forma return on shareholders’ equity assuming the contribution to the charitable foundation was expensed during the year ended December 31, 2020.

 

   Minimum of
Offering
Range
  Midpoint of
Offering Range
  Maximum of
Offering Range
  Adjusted
Maximum of
Offering
Range
 
   (Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts) 

Before-tax expense of stock and cash contribution to foundation

  $ (9000)  $(9,000)  $(9,000)  $(9,000) 

After-tax expense of stock and cash contribution to foundation

  $(6,210)  $(6,210)  $(6,210)  $(6,210) 

Pro forma net loss

  $ (32,428)  $ (32,787)  $ (33,145)  $ (33,559) 

Pro forma net loss per share

  $(1.88)  $(1.63)  $(1.44)  $(1.27) 

Pro forma tax benefit

  $2,790  $2,790  $2,790  $2,790 

Offering price to pro forma net income (loss) per share

   (5.32)x   (6.13)x   (6.94)x   (7.87)x 

Pro forma loss on assets (annualized)

   (1.56)%   (1.55)%   (1.55)%   (1.55)% 

Pro forma loss on equity (annualized)

   (9.40)%   (8.80)%   (8.29)%   (7.78)% 

 

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MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION

AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

This discussion and analysis reflects our consolidated financial statements and other relevant statistical data, and is intended to enhance your understanding of our financial condition and results of operations. The information in this section has been derived from the audited financial statements that appear beginning on page F-1 of this prospectus. You should read the information in this section in conjunction with the business and financial information regarding Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ and the financial statements provided in this prospectus.

Overview

Net Interest Income. Our primary source of income is net interest income. Net interest income is the difference between interest income, which is the income we earn on our loans and investments, and interest expense, which is the interest we pay on our deposits and borrowings.

Provision for Loan Losses. The allowance for loan losses is a valuation allowance for probable incurred credit losses. The allowance for loan losses is increased through charges to the provision for loan losses. Loans are charged against the allowance when management believes that the collectability of the principal loan amount is not probable. Recoveries on loans previously charged-off, if any, are credited to the allowance for loan losses when realized.

Non-interest Income. Our primary sources of non-interest income are banking fees and service charges, net gains on the sale and calls of investment securities.

Non-Interest Expense. Our non-interest expense consist of salaries and employee benefits, net occupancy and equipment, data processing, federal deposit insurance premiums, advertising, directors fees, professional fees and other general and administrative expenses.

Salaries and employee benefits consist primarily of salaries and wages paid to our employees, payroll taxes, and expenses for worker’s compensation and disability insurance, health insurance, retirement plans and other employee benefits, as well as other incentives.

Occupancy and equipment expenses, which are the fixed and variable costs of buildings and equipment, consist primarily of depreciation charges, rental expenses, furniture and equipment expenses, maintenance, real estate taxes and costs of utilities. Depreciation of premises and equipment is computed using a straight-line method based on the estimated useful lives of the related assets or the expected lease terms, if shorter.

Federal deposit insurance premiums are payments we make to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation for insurance of our deposit accounts.

Data processing expenses are fees we pay to third parties for use of their software and for processing customer information, deposits and loans.

Advertising includes most marketing expenses including multi-media advertising (public and in-store), promotional events and materials, civic and sales focused memberships, and community support.

Professional fees include legal, accounting, auditing, risk management and payroll processing expenses.

Directors fees consist of the fees we pay to our directors for their service on our board of directors.

 

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Other expenses include expenses for office supplies, postage, telephone, insurance and other miscellaneous operating expenses.

Income Tax Expense. Our income tax expense is the total of the current year income tax due or refundable and the change in deferred tax assets and liabilities. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are the expected future tax amounts for the temporary differences between the carrying amounts and the tax basis of assets and liabilities, computed using enacted tax rates. A valuation allowance, if needed, reduces deferred tax assets to the amounts expected to be realized.

Summary of Financial Condition and Operating Results. At December 31, 2020, we had $1.94 billion in consolidated assets, an increase of $88.4 million, or 4.8%, from $1.85 billion at December 31, 2019. The increase was due primarily to a $192.4 million, or 155.1%, increase in cash and cash equivalents and a $40.2 million, or 19.7%, increase in available for sale securities, partially offset by a $142.7 million, or 10.1%, decrease in loans. Total liabilities increased $120.4 million, or 7.4%, from $1.62 billion at December 31, 2019 to $1.74 billion at December 31, 2020. The increase was primarily due to a $61.1 million, or 4.7%, increase in deposits and a $32.5 million, or 10.9%, increase in Federal Home Loan Bank advances. Deposit growth benefited from new customer offerings, including business accounts utilized by borrowers under the PPP, and borrowings focused on extending duration during the lower interest rate environment.

Net income decreased $37.0 million, to a net loss of $31.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, compared to net income of $5.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2019. The decrease was due primarily to a $14.2 million valuation allowance as certain property and other real estate owned of Blue Foundry Bank was reclassified to held for sale, goodwill impairment of $15.5 million, a $3.9 million decrease in net interest income and provisions for loan losses of $2.5 million.

Critical Accounting Policies

Certain of our accounting policies are important to the presentation of our financial condition, since they require management to make difficult, complex or subjective judgments, some of which may relate to matters that are inherently uncertain. Estimates associated with these policies are susceptible to material changes as a result of changes in facts and circumstances. Facts and circumstances that could affect these judgments include, but are not limited to, changes in interest rates, changes in the performance of the economy and changes in the financial condition of borrowers. Our significant accounting policies are discussed in detail in Note 1 to our Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere in this prospectus.

The JOBS Act contains provisions that, among other things, reduce certain reporting requirements for qualifying public companies. As an “emerging growth company” we have elected to use the extended transition period to delay adoption of new or revised accounting pronouncements applicable to public companies until such pronouncements are made applicable to private companies. Accordingly, our consolidated financial statements may not be comparable to the financial statements of public companies that comply with such new or revised accounting standards.

Management believes our most critical accounting policies, which involve the most complex or subjective decisions or assessments, are as follows:

Allowance for Loan Losses: The allowance for loan losses is a valuation allowance for probable and reasonably estimable incurred credit losses in the loan portfolio as of the balance sheet date. Loan losses are charged against the allowance when management believes the uncollectability of a loan balance is confirmed. Subsequent recoveries, if any, are credited to the allowance. Management estimates the allowance balance required for all portfolio segments using past loan loss experience, the nature and volume of the portfolio, information about specific borrower situations and estimated collateral values, economic conditions, and other factors. Allocations of the allowance may be made for specific loans, but the entire allowance is available for any loan that, in management’s judgment, should be charged off.

 

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The allowance consists of specific and general components. The specific component of the allowance relates to loans that are individually classified as impaired. A loan is impaired when, based on current information and events, it is probable that we will be unable to collect all amounts due according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement. Loans for which the terms have been modified resulting in a concession and for which the borrower is experiencing financial difficulties, are considered troubled debt restructurings and classified as impaired.

Factors considered by management in determining impairment include payment status, collateral value, and the probability of collecting scheduled principal and interest payments when due. Loans that experience insignificant payment delays and payment shortfalls generally are not classified as impaired. Management determines the significance of payment delays and payment shortfalls on a case-by-case basis, taking into consideration all of the circumstances surrounding the loan and the borrower, including the length of the delay, the reasons for the delay, the borrower’s prior payment record, and the amount of the shortfall in relation to the principal and interest owed.

Impaired loans are measured based on the present value of expected future cash flows, discounted at the loan’s effective interest rate, or, as a practical expedient, at the loan’s observable market price or the fair value of the collateral if the loan is collateral dependent. Large groups of smaller balance (generally $400,000 or less) homogeneous loans, such as consumer and residential real estate loans, are collectively evaluated for impairment. We have defined the population of impaired loans to generally be all non-accrual non-residential, multifamily, and construction and land loans, and troubled debt restructurings.

Troubled debt restructured loans are those loans whose terms have been modified such that a concession has been granted because of deterioration in the financial condition of the borrower. Modifications could include extension of the terms of the loan, reduced interest rates, and forgiveness of accrued interest and/or principal. Once an obligation has been classified a troubled debt restructuring, it continues to be considered a troubled debt restructuring and is individually evaluated for impairment until paid in full. For a cash flow dependent loan, we record an impairment charge equal to the difference between the present value of the estimated future cash flows under the restructured terms discounted at the loans original effective interest rate, and the original loan’s carrying amount. For a collateral dependent loan, we record an impairment when the current estimated fair value, net of estimated costs to sell when necessary, of the property that collateralizes the impaired loan is less than the recorded investment in the loan.

For all loan classes, the accrual of income on loans, including impaired loans, is generally discontinued when a loan becomes more than 90 days delinquent or when certain factors indicate reasonable doubt as to the ability of the borrower to meet contractual principal and/or interest obligations. Loans on which the accrual of income has been discontinued are designated as non-accrual loans. All previously accrued interest is reversed and income is recognized subsequently only in the period received, provided the remaining principal balance is deemed collectible. A non-accrual loan is not returned to an accrual status until principal and interest payments are brought current and factors indicating doubtful collection no longer exist.

Principal and interest payments received on non-accrual loans for which the remaining principal balance is not deemed collectible are applied as a reduction to principal and interest income is not recognized. If the principal balance on the loan is later deemed collectible and the loan is returned to accrual status, any interest payments that were applied to principal while on non-accrual are recorded as an unearned discount on the loan, classified as deferred fees, costs and discounts, and are recognized into interest income using the level-yield method over the remaining contractual life the individual loan, adjusted for actual prepayments. The general component of the allowance covers non-impaired loans

 

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and is based on historical loss experience adjusted for current qualitative factors. The historical loss experience is a quantitative factor determined by portfolio segment and is based on our actual loss history. During 2019, Blue Foundry Bank modified the lookback period utilized in setting the quantitative factors for the Allowance for Loan Losses. Prior to this modification, the lookback period was 3 years with a risk-based assessment of observation weightings. The lookback period has been extended to up to 8.5 years of history, and all observations are used. Instances where loan classes do not have 8.5 years of history, and in those instances all available observations are used. This actual loss experience is supplemented with other factors based on the risks present for each portfolio segment. These factors include consideration of the following:

 

  

Changes in lending policies and procedures, including underwriting standards, collections, and internal loan review practices;

 

  

Changes in the nature and volume of the portfolio –increase (decrease) in portfolio category;

 

  

Changes in the volume and severity of past due loans –increase (decrease) in loans past due and on non-accrual;

 

  

Changes in the volume and severity of past due loans –increase (decrease) in classified loans;

 

  

Changes in the ratings for loans from Pass to Watch to Special Mention to Substandard;

 

  

Management assessment based on historical performance and peer market data for Probability-Driven Loss Given Default (PD/LGD) for each loan type, weighted by:

 

  

State of the local economy, including regional economic conditions;

 

  

Local and regional unemployment;

 

  

Delinquency and foreclosure rates in the local market;

 

  

Valuations and level of activity in the local housing market;

 

  

Other factors, including local and federal government intervention in economic situations which could support or impair credit and valuation; and broader macroeconomic considerations, as well as evolving marketplace, regulatory and legal risk factors.

The loan portfolio is categorized according to collateral type, loan purpose, lien position, or borrower type (i.e., commercial, consumer). The categories used include residential one-to-four family, multifamily, non-residential, construction and land, junior liens, commercial and industrial (consisting of PPP loans), and consumer and other.

Income Taxes: Income taxes are accounted for using the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled.

The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. The measurement of deferred tax assets is reduced by a valuation allowance for the amount of the deferred tax asset that is more likely than not to be realized.

 

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A tax position is recognized as a benefit only if it is “more likely than not” that the tax position would be sustained in a tax examination, with a tax examination being presumed to occur. The amount recognized is the largest amount of tax benefit that is greater than 50% likely of being realized on examination. For tax positions not meeting the “more likely than not” test, no tax benefit is recorded.

We recognize interest and/or penalties related to income tax matters in other operating expenses.

Comparison of Financial Condition at December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019

Total assets increased $88.4 million, or 4.8%, to $1.94 billion at December 31, 2020 from $1.85 billion at December 31, 2019. The increase was due primarily to a $192.4 million, or 155.1%, increase in cash and cash equivalents and a $40.2 million, or 19.7%, increase in available for sale securities, partially offset by a $142.7 million, or 10.1%, decrease in loans. Total liabilities increased $120.4 million, or 7.4%, from $1.62 billion at December 31, 2019 to $1.74 billion at December 31, 2020. The increase was primarily due to a $61.1 million, or 4.7%, increase in deposits and a $32.5 million, or 10.9%, increase in Federal Home Loan Bank advances. Deposit growth benefited from new customer offerings, including business accounts utilized by borrowers under the PPP, and borrowings focused on extending duration during the lower rate environment. We expect our balance sheet to decrease in size as customers withdraw the cash proceeds from PPP loans, and as PPP loans are forgiven.

Cash and cash equivalents increased $192.4 million to $316.4 million at December 31, 2020 from $124.0 million at December 31, 2019. The increase was due to maturities and prepayments of loans and an increase in deposits, including from the deposit of PPP loan proceeds into customers’ accounts at Blue Foundry Bank.

Gross loans held for investment decreased $137.8 million, or 9.7%, to $1.28 billion at December 31, 2020 from $1.42 billion at December 31, 2019. The most significant drivers were: one-to-four family loans decreased by $155.1 million, or 20.2%, to $611.6 million; multifamily loans decreased by $32.1 million, or 7.0%, to $427.4 million; while PPP loans added $54.1 million to December 31, 2020 balances.

Securities available-for-sale increased $40.2 million, or 19.7%, to $244.6 million at December 31, 2020 from $204.4 million at December 31, 2019. During 2020, additional high quality liquid assets, primarily corporate bonds and residential mortgage-backed securities, were purchased in the second half of the year as rates rose, and limited purchases were made during opportunistic periods during the first half of the year. No securities were sold or liquidated during 2020 except for $4.2 million held in a CRA mutual fund.

Total deposits increased $61.1 million, or 4.7%, to $1.36 billion at December 31, 2020 from $1.30 billion at December 31, 2019. The increase included checking and savings account increases of $130.1 million, or 25.8%, to $634.4 million at December 31, 2020 from $504.4 million at December 31, 2019. This was offset by time deposit decreases of $70.3 million, or 8.9%, to $717.4 million at December 31, 2020 from $787.7 million at December 31, 2019. These changes resulted in the ratio of time deposits to total deposits decreasing from 60.8% at December 31, 2019 to 52.9% at December 31, 2020, and a blended deposit cost of funds decline to 0.92% at December 31, 2020 from 1.45% at December 31, 2019.

We had $329.4 million of borrowings at December 31, 2020, compared to $296.9 million of borrowings at December 31, 2019. Our borrowings consisted solely of Federal Home Loan Bank of New York advances. Of that total, $109.0 million of the borrowings are associated with longer-dated swap agreements.

Shareholders’ total equity decreased by $32.0 million, or 13.5%, to $205.6 million at December 31, 2020 compared to $237.6 million at December 31, 2019. The decreased was due primarily to a net loss of $31.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2020.

 

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Comparison of Operating Results for the Years Ended December 31, 2020 and 2019

General. Net income decreased $37.0 million, to a net loss of $31.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, compared to net income of $5.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2019. The decrease was due primarily to a $14.2 million valuation allowance as certain Bank property was reclassified to held for sale, goodwill impairment of $15.5 million, a $3.9 million decrease in net interest income and provisions for loan losses of $2.5 million.

Interest Income. Interest income decreased $3.2 million, or 4.9%, to $61.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 from $64.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2019. The decrease was due to a decrease of $4.5 million, or 7.7%, in interest income from loans as the average balance of loans decreased $62.7 million to $1.39 billion and the average yield on loans decreased 14 basis points to 3.90% for 2020 from 4.04% for 2019. These were partially offset by increases in the average balances of mortgage-backed securities and other interest-earning assets of $67,000 and $127,000, respectively.

Interest Expense. Interest expense increased $651,000, or 3.0%, to $22.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to $21.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, due to an increase of $1.6 million in interest expense on borrowings, partially offset by a decrease of $905,000 in interest expense on deposits. Average deposit balances rose to $1.33 billion at a weighted average interest rate of 1.20% during 2020 compared to $1.26 billion at 1.33% during 2019.

Net Interest Income. Net interest income decreased $3.9 million, or 9.0%, to $39.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 from $42.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, as a result of an increase in interest expense and a decrease in interest income.

Provision for Loan Losses. Provisions for loan losses are charged to operations to establish an allowance for loan losses at a level necessary to absorb probable and incurred losses inherent in our loan portfolio that are both probable and reasonably estimable at the date of the consolidated financial statements. In evaluating the level of the allowance for loan losses, management analyzes several qualitative loan portfolio risk factors including, but not limited to, management’s ongoing review and grading of loans, facts and issues related to specific loans, historical loan loss and delinquency experience, trends in past due and non-accrual loans, existing risk characteristics of specific loans or loan pools, the fair value of underlying collateral, current economic conditions and other qualitative and quantitative factors which could affect potential credit losses.

After an evaluation of these factors, particularly in light of the COVID-19 pandemic and the increase in our special mention and classified loans from $5.5 million at December 31, 2019 to $31.0 million at December 31, 2020, we recorded a provision for loan losses of $2.5 million for 2020 compared to a provision of $1.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2019. Our allowance for loan losses and letters of credit and commitments was $17.0 million at December 31, 2020 compared to $14.5 million at December 31, 2019. The allowances to total loans was 1.34% at December 31, 2020 compared to 1.03% at December 31, 2019, while the allowance for loan losses to non-performing loans was 131.9% at December 31, 2020 compared to 295.4% at December 31, 2019. We had charge-offs of $59,000 and no recoveries during the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to $15,000 of charge-offs and $25,000 of recoveries during the year ended December 31, 2019.

Non-interest Income. Non-interest income decreased $1.4 million, or 54.0%, to $1.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 from non-interest income of $2.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2019. The primary drivers of this decrease were the valuation allowance taken on the real estate owned component of the headquarters complex, which amounted to $1.2 million, and a decrease in fees and service charges of $324,000.

Non-interest Expense. Non-interest expense increased $40.2 million, or 108.7%, to $77.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 from $37.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2019. The drivers of this increase included $15.5 million of goodwill impairment, $12.8 million from the reclassification of certain headquarters property to held-for-sale, and increased information technology expenses of $5.4 million.

 

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Income Tax Expense. We recognized income tax benefit of $7.9 million for 2020 compared to an income tax expense of $1.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, resulting in respective effective rates of 20.0% and 25.1%.

Average Balances and Yields

The following table presents information regarding average balances of assets and liabilities, the total dollar amounts of interest income and dividends from average interest-earning assets, the total dollar amounts of interest expense on average interest-bearing liabilities, and the resulting annualized average yields and costs. The yields and costs for the periods indicated are derived by dividing income or expense by the average balances of assets or liabilities, respectively, for the periods presented. Average balances have been calculated using daily balances. Non-accrual loans are included in average balances only. Loan fees are included in interest income on loans and are not material.

 

   Year Ended December 31, 
   2020  2019 
   Average
Balance
   Interest
and
Dividends
   Yield/Cost  Average
Balance
   Interest
and
Dividends
   Yield/Cost 
   (Dollars in thousands) 

Assets:

           

Loans

  $1,388,863   $54,125    3.90 $1,451,556   $58,656    4.04

Mortgage-backed securities

   124,164    3,176    2.56  57,554    1,740    3.02

Investment securities

   125,794    2,715    2.16  90,791    2,328    2.56

FHLB stock

   17,356    954    5.50  12,243    720    5.88

Other interest-earning assets

   200,068    654    0.33  73,260    1,384    1.89
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total interest-earning assets

   1,856,245    61,625    3.32  1,685,405    64,827    3.85

Non-interest-earning assets

   72,297       62,690     
  

 

 

      

 

 

     

Total assets

  $ 1,928,542      $ 1,748,095     
  

 

 

      

 

 

     

Liabilities and equity:

           

NOW and demand accounts

  $272,824   $714    0.26 $246,925   $959    0.39

Savings and money market accounts

   239,102    658    0.28  222,369    654    0.29

Time deposit

   767,931    14,509    1.89  745,541    15,173    2.04
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total interest-bearing deposits

   1,279,858    15,881    1.24  1,214,835    16,786    1.38

FHLB advances

   344,517    6,676    1.94  227,247    5,120    2.25
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total interest-bearing liabilities

   1,624,374    22,557    1.39  1,442,082    21,906    1.52

Non-interest-bearing deposits

   46,629       44,802     

Other non-interest-bearing liabilities

   42,110       23,452     
  

 

 

      

 

 

     

Total liabilities

   1,713,113       1,510,336     

Total equity

   215,428       237,759     
  

 

 

      

 

 

     

Total liabilities and equity

  $1,928,542      $1,748,095     
  

 

 

      

 

 

     

Net interest income

    $ 39,068      $ 42,921   
    

 

 

      

 

 

   

Net interest rate spread(1)

       1.93      2.33
      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Net interest-earning assets(2)

  $231,871      $243,323     
  

 

 

      

 

 

     

Net interest margin(3)

       2.10      2.55
      

 

 

      

 

 

 

Average interest-earning assets to average interest-bearing liabilities

     114.27%    116.87% 
    

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

(1)

Net interest rate spread represents the difference between the yield on average interest-earning assets and the cost of average interest-bearing liabilities.

(2)

Net interest-earning assets represent total interest-earnings assets less total interest-bearing liabilities.

(3)

Net interest margin represents net interest income divided by average total interest-earnings assets.

 

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Rate/Volume Table

The following table sets forth the effects of changing rates and volumes on net interest income. The rate column shows the effects attributable to changes in rate (changes in rate multiplied by prior volume). The volume column shows the effects attributable to changes in volume (changes in volume multiplied by prior rate). The net column represents the sum of the prior columns. Changes attributable to changes in both rate and volume that cannot be segregated have been allocated proportionally based on the changes due to rate and the changes due to volume.

 

   Year Ended
December 31, 2020 Compared to
Year Ended

December 31, 2019
 
   Increase (Decrease)
Due to
     
   Volume   Rate   Net 
   (In thousands) 

Interest income:

      

Loans

  $(2,533  $(1,997  $(4,530

Mortgage-backed securities

   2,014    (578   1,436 

Investment securities

   897    (510   387 

FHLB stock

   301    (67   234 

Other interest-earning assets

   2,395    (3,124   (729
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total interest-earning assets

  $3,073   $(6,276  $(3,202
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Interest expense:

      

Deposits

  $898   $(1,804  $(905

FHLB advances

   2,642    (1,085   1,556 

Total interest-bearing liabilities

  $3,540   $(2,889  $651 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net decrease in net interest income

  $(467  $(3,387  $(3,854
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Market Risk

General. Our most significant form of market risk is interest rate risk because, as a financial institution, the majority of our assets and liabilities are sensitive to changes in interest rates. Therefore, a principal part of our operations is to manage interest rate risk and limit the exposure of our financial condition and results of operations to changes in market interest rates. Our ALCO/Investment Committee, which consists of members of management, is responsible for evaluating the interest rate risk inherent in our assets and liabilities, for determining the level of risk that is appropriate, given our business strategy, operating environment, capital, liquidity and performance objectives, and for managing this risk consistent with the policy and guidelines approved by our board of directors. We currently utilize a third-party modeling program, prepared on a quarterly basis, to evaluate our sensitivity to changing interest rates, given our business strategy, operating environment, capital, liquidity and performance objectives, and for managing this risk consistent with the guidelines approved by the board of directors.

We have sought to manage our interest rate risk in order to minimize the exposure of our earnings and capital to changes in interest rates. We have implemented the following strategies to manage our interest rate risk:

 

  

growing target deposit accounts;

 

  

utilizing our investment securities portfolio and interest rate swaps as part of our balance sheet asset and liability and interest rate risk management strategy to reduce the impact of movements in interest rates on net interest income and economic value of equity, this can create temporary valuation adjustments to equity in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income;

 

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continuing the diversification of our loan portfolio by adding more commercial loans, which typically have shorter maturities and/or balloon payments; and

 

  

continuing to price our one-to-four family residential real estate loan products in a way that encourages borrowers to select our adjustable-rate loans as opposed to longer-term, fixed-rate loans.

By following these strategies, we believe that we are better positioned to react to increases and decreases in market interest rates.

We generally do not engage in hedging activities, such as engaging in futures or options, or investing in high-risk mortgage derivatives, such as collateralized mortgage obligation residual interests, real estate mortgage investment conduit residual interests or stripped mortgage-backed securities.

Net Portfolio Value. We compute amounts by which the net present value of our cash flow from assets, liabilities and off-balance sheet items (net portfolio value or “NPV”) would change in the event of a range of assumed changes in market interest rates. We measure potential change in our NPV through the use of a financial model. This model uses a discounted cash flow analysis and an option-based pricing approach to measure the interest rate sensitivity of net portfolio value. Historically, the model estimated the economic value of each type of asset, liability and off-balance sheet contract under the assumption that the United States Treasury yield curve increases or decreases instantaneously by 100 to 300 basis points in 100 basis point increments. However, given the current level of market interest rates, an NPV calculation for an interest rate decrease of greater than 100 basis points has not been prepared. A basis point equals one-hundredth of one percent, and 100 basis points equals one percent. An increase in interest rates from 3% to 4% would mean, for example, a 100-basis point increase in the “Basis Point Change in Interest Rates” column below.

The following table sets forth, at December 31, 2020, the calculation of the estimated changes in our net portfolio value that would result from the specified immediate changes in the United States Treasury yield curve. For purposes of this table, 100 basis points equals 1%.

 

  Net Portfolio Value(2)  Net Portfolio Value as Percent of
Portfolio Value of Assets(3)
 
  (Dollars in thousands)       

Basis Point Change in Interest
Rates(1)

 Dollar Amount  Dollar
Change
  Percent
Change
  NPV Ratio(4)  Change 
400 $222,005  $(38,344  (15)%   11  (2)% 
300  237,756   (22,593  (9)%   12  (1)% 
200  248,515   (11,834  (5)%   13  (1)% 
100  252,708   (7,641  (3)%   13  —  
0  260,349   —       13  —  
(100)  291,947   31,598   12  15  2

 

(1)

Assumes an immediate uniform change in interest rates at all maturities.

(2)

NPV is the discounted present value of expected cash flows from assets, liabilities and off-balance sheet contracts.

(3)

Present value of assets represents the discounted present value of incoming cash flows on interest-earning assets.

(4)

NPV Ratio represents NPV divided by the present value of assets.

The table above indicates that at December, 2020, in the event of an instantaneous 100 basis point increase in interest rates, we would experience a 3% decrease in net portfolio value. In the event of an instantaneous 100 basis point decrease in interest rates, we would experience a 12% increase in net portfolio value.

 

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Certain shortcomings are inherent in the methodologies used in the above interest rate risk measurements. Modeling changes require making certain assumptions that may or may not reflect the manner in which actual yields and costs respond to changes in market interest rates. The above table assumes that the composition of our interest sensitive assets and liabilities existing at the date indicated remains constant uniformly across the yield curve regardless of the duration or repricing of specific assets and liabilities. Accordingly, although the table provides an indication of our interest rate risk exposure at a particular point in time, such measurements are not intended to and do not provide a precise forecast of the effect of changes in market interest rates on our NPV and will differ from actual results.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Liquidity is the ability to meet current and future financial obligations of a short-term and long-term nature. Our primary sources of funds consist of deposit inflows, loan repayments, maturities and sales of securities, borrowings from the Federal Home Loan Bank of New York and securities sold under agreements to repurchase. While maturities and scheduled amortization of loans and securities are predictable sources of funds, deposit flows, calls of investment securities and borrowed funds and prepayments on loans are greatly influenced by general interest rates, economic conditions and competition.

Management regularly adjusts our investments in liquid assets based upon an assessment of (1) expected loan demand, (2) expected deposit flows, (3) yields available on interest-earning deposits and securities, and (4) the objectives of our interest-rate risk and investment policies.

Blue Foundry Bank is subject to various regulatory capital requirements administered by NJDOBI and the FDIC. At December 31, 2020, Blue Foundry Bank exceeded all applicable regulatory capital requirements, and was considered “well capitalized” under regulatory guidelines. See “Historical and Pro Forma Regulatory Capital Compliance” and Note 11 in the Notes to the consolidated financial statements that appear starting on page F-1 of this prospectus.

The net offering proceeds will significantly increase our liquidity and capital resources. Over time, the initial level of liquidity will be reduced as net offering proceeds are used for general corporate purposes, including funding loans. Our financial condition and results of operations will be enhanced by the net offering proceeds, resulting in increased net interest-earning assets and net interest income. However, due to the increase in equity resulting from the net offering proceeds, as well as other factors associated with the stock offering, our return on equity will be lower immediately following the stock offering.

At December 31, 2020, we had outstanding commitments to originate loans of $28.7 million and unused lines of credit of $60.4 million. We anticipate that we will have sufficient funds available to meet our current loan origination commitments. Certificates of deposit that are scheduled to mature in less than one year from December 31, 2020 totaled $581.0 million. Management expects, based on historical experience, that a substantial portion of the maturing certificates of deposit will be renewed. However, if a substantial portion of these deposits is not retained, we may utilize Federal Home Loan Bank of New York advances or raise interest rates on deposits to attract new accounts, which may result in higher levels of interest expense. Available borrowing capacity at December 31, 2020 was $94.1 million with Federal Home Loan Bank of New York. We also had a $30.0 million available line of credit with a correspondent bank and a $2.5 million available line of credit with the Federal Reserve Bank of New York at December 31, 2020.

We are a party to financial instruments with off-balance sheet risk in the normal course of business to meet the financing needs of our customers. These financial instruments include commitments to originate loans, unused lines of credit and standby letters of credit, which involve elements of credit and interest rate risk in excess of the amount recognized in the consolidated balance sheets. Our exposure to credit loss is represented by the contractual amount of the instruments. We use the same credit policies in making commitments that we do for on-balance sheet instruments. Management believes that our current sources of liquidity are more than sufficient to fulfill our obligations as of December 31, 2020 pursuant to off-balance-sheet arrangements and contractual obligations. See Note 13 in the Notes to the consolidated financial statements that appear starting on page F-1 of this prospectus.

 

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Impact of Recent Accounting Pronouncements

For a discussion of the impact of recent accounting pronouncements, see Note 1 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements included with this prospectus.

BUSINESS OF BLUE FOUNDRY BANCORP

Blue Foundry Bancorp is a Delaware corporation that was organized in January 2021. Upon completion of the conversion, Blue Foundry Bancorp will become the holding company of Blue Foundry Bank and will succeed to all of the business and operations of Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ, and each of Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ and Blue Foundry, MHC will cease to exist.

Initially following the completion of the conversion, Blue Foundry Bancorp will have cash and securities held by Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ and Blue Foundry, MHC, which totaled $978,000 as of December 31, 2020, and the net proceeds Blue Foundry Bancorp retains from the stock offering, part of which will be used to fund a loan to the Blue Foundry Bank Employee Stock Ownership Plan and to make a $1.5 million cash contribution to our charitable foundation. Blue Foundry Bancorp will have no significant liabilities. Blue Foundry Bancorp intends to use the support staff and offices of Blue Foundry Bank and will pay Blue Foundry Bank for these services. If Blue Foundry Bancorp expands or changes its business in the future, it may hire its own employees.

Blue Foundry Bancorp intends to invest the net proceeds of the stock offering as discussed under “How We Intend to Use the Proceeds From the Stock Offering.” In the future, we may pursue other business activities, including mergers and acquisitions, investment alternatives and diversification of operations. There are, however, no current understandings or agreements for these activities.

BUSINESS OF BLUE FOUNDRY BANK

Blue Foundry Bank is a New Jersey-chartered stock savings bank that was organized in 1939 as Boiling Springs Savings & Loan Association by the combination of the Rutherford Mutual Loan and Building Association (which had been founded in the 1870s to provide thrift and home financing services to a growing community) and the East Rutherford Savings, Loan and Building Association. In 1992, Boiling Springs Savings & Loan Association converted to a New Jersey-chartered mutual savings bank and became known as Boiling Springs Savings Bank. Boiling Springs Savings Bank reorganized into the mutual holding company form of organization in 1999 by becoming a wholly-owned subsidiary of Boiling Springs, MHC (now Blue Foundry, MHC) and converting to a stock savings bank as part of the conversion. Boiling Springs Savings Bank’s name was changed to Blue Foundry Bank in 2019. Blue Foundry Bank is headquartered in Rutherford, New Jersey and currently operates 16 branches—10 branches located in Bergen County, New Jersey, four located in Morris County, New Jersey, one located in Essex County, New Jersey, and one located in Passaic County, New Jersey. In addition, we have two new proposed de novo branches in Chatham and Jersey City, New Jersey, that have received regulatory approval and which we anticipate will be opened early in the second quarter and early in the fourth quarter of 2021, respectively.

Blue Foundry Bank’s principal business consists of originating one-to-four family residential real estate mortgages, home equity loans and lines of credit, consumer loans and lines of credit, and originations of commercial real estate, multi-family, construction, and commercial and industrial loans in the market areas surrounding our branch footprint. In addition, we often lend outside of our branch network in more densely populated and metropolitan areas, adding diversification to our loan portfolio. We attract retail deposits from the general public in the areas surrounding our main office and branches, offering a wide variety of deposit products. We also invest in investment securities. Our revenues are derived primarily from interest on loans and, to a lesser extent, interest on investment securities and mortgage-backed securities. Our primary sources of funds are deposits, principal and interest payments on loans, and securities and borrowings from the Federal Home Loan Bank of New York.

 

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Blue Foundry Bank is subject to comprehensive regulation and examination by the NJDOBI and the FDIC. Our website address is www.bluefoundrybank.com. Information on this website is not and should not be considered a part of this prospectus.

Market Area

Our market area is primarily northern New Jersey, including the counties of Bergen, Morris, Essex, Passaic and Hudson. Bergen County ranks as the most populous county in New Jersey (out of 21 counties) with a population of approximately 950,000 compared to an estimated population of approximately 491,000 for Morris County, approximately 801,000 for Essex County, approximately 501,000 for Passaic County, approximately 675,000 for Hudson County and 9.0 million for the entire state. The economy in our primary market area has benefited from being varied and diverse, with a broad economic base. Bergen County has a median household income of approximately $101,000, Morris County has a median household income of approximately $120,735, Essex County has a median household income of approximately $68,779, Passaic County has a median household income of approximately $78,541 and Hudson County has a median household income of approximately $82,696. The median household income for New Jersey is approximately $89,080 and the median household income is approximately $67,761 for the United States. As of February 3, 2021, the unemployment rate was 6.8% for Bergen County, 5.9% for Morris County, 9.5% for Essex County, 9.8% for Passaic County, and 7.8% for Hudson County compared to 7.6% for New Jersey and a national rate of 6.7%.

We believe that we have developed products and services that will meet the financial needs of our current and future customer base; however, we plan, and believe it is necessary, to expand the range of products and services that we offer to be more competitive in our market area. Our marketing strategies focus on the strength of our knowledge of local consumer and small business markets, as well as expanding relationships with current customers and reaching out to develop new, profitable business relationships.

Competition

We face significant competition for deposits and loans. Our most direct competition for deposits has come historically from the numerous financial institutions operating in our market area (including other community banks and credit unions), many of which are significantly larger than we are and have greater resources. We also face competition for investors’ funds from other sources such as brokerage firms, money market funds and mutual funds, as well as from securities offered by the Federal Government, such as Treasury bills. Based on FDIC data at June 30, 2020 (the latest date for which information is available), we had 1.62%, 0.70%, 0.39% and 0.19% of the FDIC-insured deposit market share respectively in Bergen, Morris, Passaic and Essex Counties and no deposits in Hudson County. Money center banks, such as Bank of America, JP Morgan Chase, Wells Fargo and Citi, and large regional banks, such as TD Bank, M&T Bank and PNC Bank, have a significant presence in these counties.

Our competition for loans comes primarily from the competitors referenced above and from other financial service providers, such as mortgage companies and mortgage brokers. Competition for loans also comes from the increasing number of non-depository financial service companies participating in the mortgage market, such as insurance companies, securities firms, financial technology companies, specialty finance firms and technology companies.

 

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We expect competition to remain intense in the future as a result of legislative, regulatory and technological changes and the continuing trend toward consolidation of the financial services industry. Technological advances, for example, have lowered barriers to entry, allowed banks to expand their geographic reach by providing services over the internet and made it possible for non-depository institutions, including financial technology companies, to offer products and services that traditionally have been provided by banks. Competition for deposits and the origination of loans could limit our growth in the future.

Lending Activities

Historically, our lending activities have emphasized one-to-four family residential real estate loans and multifamily housing loans, and such loans continue to comprise the largest portion of our loan portfolio. Other areas of lending include commercial and industrial loans, construction loans and, to a much lesser extent, junior liens and consumer loans, consisting primarily of home equity loans and lines of credit. Subject to market conditions and our asset-liability analysis, we expect to continue to focus on commercial real estate and multi-family lending as part of our effort to diversify the loan portfolio and increase the overall yield earned on our loans. We compete for loans by offering high quality personalized service, providing convenience and flexibility, providing timely responses on loan applications, and by offering competitive pricing.

Loan Portfolio Composition. The following table sets forth the composition of the loan portfolio at the dates indicated.

 

   At December 31, 
   2020  2019 
   Amount   Percent  Amount   Percent 
   (Dollars in thousands) 

Residential one-to-four family

  $611,603    47.82 $766,736    54.13

Multifamily

   427,436    33.42   459,547    32.44 

Non-residential

   128,141    10.02   127,123    8.97 

Construction and land

   33,691    2.63   34,479    2.43 

Junior liens

   23,814    1.86   28,589    2.02 

Commercial and industrial

   54,053    4.23   —      —   

Consumer and other

   99    0.01   124    0.01 
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total loans receivable

   1,278,837    100.00  1,416,598    100.00
    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Deferred fees, costs and discounts, net

   5,236     7,678   

Less: allowance for loan losses

   (16,959    (14,500  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

Loans receivable, net

  $1,267,114    $1,409,776   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

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Loan Maturity. The following tables set forth certain information at December 31, 2020 regarding the dollar amount of loan principal repayments becoming due during the periods indicated. The tables do not include any estimate of prepayments that significantly shorten the average loan life and may cause actual repayment experience to differ from that shown below. Demand loans, which are loans having no stated repayment schedule or no stated maturity, are reported as due in one year or less.

 

   At December 31, 2020 
   One-to-
Four
Family
   Multifamily   Non-
Residential
   Construction
and Land
   Junior
Liens
   Commercial
and
Industrial
   Consumer
and Other
   Total Loans 
   (In thousands) 

Amounts due in:

                

One year or less

  $567   $—     $4,894   $32,229   $230   $—     $67   $37,987 

More than one year through five years

   5,401    17,694    21,160    1,191    1,138    53,922    —      100,506 

More than five years through fifteen years

   106,781    86,412    37,112    —      1,516    131    32    231,984 

More than fifteen years

   498,854    323,330    64,975    271    20,930    —      —      908,360 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $611,603   $427,436   $128,141   $33,691   $23,814   $54,053   $99   $1,278,837 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Fixed vs. Adjustable Rate Loans. The following table sets forth the dollar amount of all loans at December 31, 2020 that are due after December 31, 2021 and have either fixed interest rates or floating or adjustable interest rates. The amounts shown below include unearned loan origination fees.

 

   Fixed Rates   Floating or
Adjustable Rates
   Total 
   (In thousands) 

Residential one-to-four family

  $187,801   $427,912   $615,713 

Multifamily

   67,435    361,671    429,106 

Non-residential

   46,916    76,414    123,330 

Construction and land

   —      1,465    1,465 

Junior liens

   3,587    20,102    23,689 

Commercial and industrial

   52,867    —      52,867 

Consumer and other

   32    —      32 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $358,638   $887,564   $1,246,202 

Residential Real Estate Loans. Our one-to-four family residential loan portfolio consists of mortgage loans that enable borrowers to purchase or refinance existing homes, most of which serve as the primary residence of the borrower. At December 31, 2020, one-to-four family residential real estate loans totaled $611.6 million, or 47.8% of our total loan portfolio, and consisted of $187.0 million of fixed-rate loans and $424.6 million of adjustable-rate loans. Most of these one-to-four family residential properties are located in our primary market area.

We offer fixed-rate and adjustable-rate residential real estate loans with maturities up to 30 years. The one-to-four family residential mortgage loans that we are currently originating are generally underwritten according to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac guidelines, and we refer to loans that conform to such guidelines as “conforming loans.” Loans to be sold to other approved investors or secondary market sources are underwritten to their specific requirements. We generally originate both fixed- and adjustable-rate mortgage loans in amounts up to the maximum conforming loan limits. We also originate loans above the conforming limits up to a maximum amount of $3.0 million, which are referred to as “jumbo loans.” We generally underwrite jumbo loans, whether originated or purchased, in a manner similar to conforming loans. At December 31, 2020, our largest one-to-four family residential loan totaled $925,000 and was secured by an owner-occupied home located in our primary market area. At December 31, 2020, this loan was performing in accordance with its original terms.

 

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Our adjustable-rate residential real estate loans have interest rates that are fixed for an initial period ranging from three to ten years. After the initial fixed period, the interest rate on adjustable-rate residential real estate loans is generally reset every year based on a contractual spread or margin above the average yield on U.S. Treasury securities. Our adjustable-rate residential real estate loans have initial and periodic caps of 2.0% on interest rate changes, with a current cap of 6.0% over the life of the loan.

We will originate one-to-four family residential mortgage loans with loan-to-value ratios of generally up to 80% to 90% of the appraised value, depending on the size of the loan. We may originate loans with loan-to-value ratios that exceed 90% depending upon the product type and whether we classify the loan as a “saleable” loan. Mortgage insurance is required for all mortgage loans that have a loan-to-value ratio greater than 80%. The required coverage amount varies based on the loan-to-value ratio and term of the loan. We only permit borrowers to purchase mortgage insurance from companies that have been approved by Blue Foundry Bank.

We generally do not offer “interest only” mortgage loans on one-to-four family residential properties or loans that provide for negative amortization of principal, such as “Option ARM” loans, where the borrower can pay less than the interest owed on the loan, resulting in an increased principal balance during the life of the loan. Additionally, we do not offer “subprime loans” (loans that are made with low down-payments to borrowers with weakened credit histories typically characterized by payment delinquencies, previous charge-offs, judgments, bankruptcies, or borrowers with questionable repayment capacity as evidenced by low credit scores or high debt-burden ratios) or Alt-A loans (defined as loans having less than full documentation).

Non-Residential and Multi-Family Real Estate Loans. At December 31, 2020, we had $555.6 million in non-residential and multi-family real estate loans, representing 43.4% of our total loan portfolio. Our non-residential real estate loans are secured primarily by office buildings, industrial facilities, retail facilities and other commercial properties, substantially all of which are located in our primary market area.

We generally originate non-residential and multi-family real estate loans with maximum terms of 15 years based on an amortization periods between 25 and 30 years. We generally limit loan-to-value ratios to 80% of the appraised value of the property for multi-family real estate loans and 75% of the appraised value of the property for non-residential real estate loans. Our non-residential and multi-family real estate loans are offered with fixed interest. All of our non-residential and multi-family real estate loans are subject to our underwriting procedures and guidelines. At December 31, 2020, our largest non-residential and multi-family real estate loan totaled $21.8 million and was secured by multifamily real estate located in our primary market area. At December 31, 2020, this loan was performing in accordance with its original terms.

We consider a number of factors in originating commercial real estate loans. We evaluate the qualifications and financial condition of the borrower (including credit history), profitability and expertise, as well as the value and condition of the mortgaged property securing the loan. When evaluating the qualifications of the borrower, we consider the financial resources of the borrower, the borrower’s experience in owning or managing similar property and the borrower’s payment history with us and other financial institutions. In evaluating the property securing the loan, among other factors we consider the net operating income of the mortgaged property before debt service and depreciation, the debt service coverage ratio (the ratio of net operating income to debt service) to ensure that, subject to certain exceptions, it is at least 1.25x, and the ratio of the loan amount to the appraised value of the mortgaged property. Our commercial real estate loans are appraised by outside independent and qualified appraisers that are duly approved in accordance with Blue Foundry Bank policy. Personal guarantees are often obtained from commercial real estate borrowers. Each borrower’s financial information on such loans is monitored on an ongoing basis by requiring periodic financial statement updates.

Junior Liens and Consumer Loans. We offer consumer loans to customers residing in New Jersey. Our consumer loans and junior liens consist primarily of home equity loans and lines of credit. At December 31, 2020, consumer loans totaled $23.9 million, or 1.87% of our total loan portfolio.

 

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Home equity loans and lines of credit are multi-purpose loans used to finance various home or personal needs, where a one-to-four family primary or secondary residence serves as collateral. We generally originate home equity loans and lines of credit of up to $500,000 with a maximum loan-to-value ratio of 80% (75% if the loan is for a condo) and terms of up to 20 years. Home equity lines of credit have adjustable rates of interest that are based on the prime rate, as published in The Wall Street Journal. Home equity lines of credit are secured by residential real estate in a first or second lien position.

The procedures for underwriting consumer loans include assessing the applicant’s payment history on other indebtedness, the applicant’s ability to meet existing obligations and payments on the proposed loan, and the loan-to-value ratio of the collateral property. Although the applicant’s creditworthiness is a primary consideration, the underwriting process also includes a comparison of the value of the collateral, if any, to the proposed loan amount.

Construction Loans. We make construction loans, primarily to individuals for the construction of their primary residences, and to contractors and builders of single-family homes and other commercial and industrial real estate projects. At December 31, 2020, our construction loans totaled $33.7 million, representing 2.63% of our total loan portfolio. At December 31, 2020, $5.0 million of our single-family construction loans were to individuals and $800,000 were to contractors and builders. Our construction and land loans are secured by properties mostly located in our primary market area.

Construction loan-to-value ratios for one-to-four family residential properties generally will not exceed 80% of the appraised value of the property on a completed basis. Once the construction project is satisfactorily completed, we look to provide permanent financing.

Commercial and Industrial Loans. We typically originate commercial business loans on the basis of the borrower’s ability to make repayment from the cash flow of the borrower’s business, the experience and stability of the borrower’s management team, earnings projections and the underlying assumptions, and the value and marketability of any collateral securing the loan. Business loans and lines of credit inherently have more risk of loss than real estate secured loans, in part because business loans may be more complex to underwrite than mortgages, and some of the loans or portions thereof may be unsecured. These loans are more likely to be reliant on the cashflow and solvency of business which may not be adequate to cover the value of the loan, and the value of collateral, if any, may be severely impacted by the performance of the business. If a decline in economic conditions or other issues cause difficulties for our business borrowers or we fail to evaluate the credit of the loan accurately when we underwrite the loan, it could result in delinquencies or defaults and a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations or financial condition. Commercial and industrial loans are generally secured by a variety of collateral, primarily accounts receivable, inventory and equipment. As a result, the availability of funds for the repayment of commercial and industrial loans may be substantially dependent on the success of the business itself and the general economic environment in our market area. Therefore, commercial and industrial loans that we originate have greater credit risk than one-to-four family residential real estate loans or, generally, consumer loans. In addition, commercial and industrial loans often result in larger outstanding balances to single borrowers, or related groups of borrowers, and also generally require substantially greater evaluation and oversight efforts.

At December 31, 2020, we had $54.1 million of commercial and industrial loans, representing 4.23% of our total loan portfolio. Of our commercial and industrial portfolio, $53.9 million were PPP loans. We offer lines of credit and revolving lines of credit with terms that are generally up to 12 months to small businesses in our market area to finance short-term working capital needs such as accounts receivable and inventory. Our commercial lines of credit are typically structured with variable rates. We generally obtain personal guarantees with respect to all commercial and industrial lines of credit, except with regard to PPP loans, which are 100% federally guaranteed (principal and interest). At December 31, 2020, the average loan size of our commercial and industrial loans was $99,000, and our largest outstanding commercial and industrial loan balance was a $4.9 million PPP loan to a professional services company. This loan was performing in accordance with its repayment terms at December 31, 2020.

 

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Loan Underwriting Risks

Adjustable-Rate Loans. While we anticipate that adjustable-rate loans will better offset the adverse effects of an increase in interest rates as compared to fixed-rate loans, an increased monthly payment required of adjustable-rate loan borrowers in a rising interest rate environment could cause an increase in delinquencies and defaults. The marketability of the underlying property also may be adversely affected in a high interest rate environment. In addition, although adjustable-rate loans make our asset base more responsive to changes in interest rates, the extent of this interest sensitivity is somewhat limited by the annual and lifetime interest rate adjustment limits on adjustable-rate residential real estate loans. To help minimize the risks associated with rising interest rates, and the subsequent risk of default, we often perform a stress analysis during underwriting.

Non-Residential and Multi-Family Real Estate Loans. Loans secured by non-residential and multi-family real estate generally have larger balances and involve a greater degree of risk than one-to-four family residential real estate loans. Of primary concern in non-residential real estate and multi-family lending is the borrower’s creditworthiness feasibility and cash flow potential of the project. Payments on loans secured by income properties often depend on the successful operation and management of the properties. As a result, repayment of such loans may be subject to adverse conditions in the real estate market or the economy to a greater extent than residential real estate loans. To monitor cash flows on income properties, we require borrowers and loan guarantors, if any, to provide annual financial statements on commercial real estate and multi-family loans. In reaching a decision whether to make a non-residential real estate or multi-family loan, we consider the net operating income of the property, the borrower’s expertise, credit history and profitability and the value of the underlying property. At times, we may also perform a global cash flow analysis of the borrower. We generally have required that the properties securing these real estate loans have debt service coverage ratios (the ratio of net operating income to debt service) of at least 1.25x. We require a Phase One environmental report on all commercial real estate loans in excess of $1.0 million or when we believe there is a possibility that hazardous materials may have existed on the site, or the site may have been impacted by adjoining properties that handled hazardous materials. Further in situations where environmental risks may be present, we utilize the services of an independent and qualified environmental consultant to assess any underlying risks.

Junior Liens and Consumer Loans. Consumer loans may entail greater risk than residential mortgage loans, particularly in the case of consumer loans that are unsecured or secured by assets that depreciate rapidly, such as motor vehicles. Repossessed collateral for a defaulted consumer loan may not provide an adequate source of repayment for the outstanding loan and a small remaining deficiency often does not warrant further substantial collection efforts against the borrower. Consumer loan collections depend on the borrower’s continuing financial stability, and therefore are likely to be adversely affected by various factors, including job loss, divorce, illness or personal bankruptcy. Furthermore, the application of various federal and state laws, including federal and state bankruptcy and insolvency laws, may limit the amount that can be recovered on such loans.

Construction Loans. Our construction loans are based upon our estimates of costs to complete a project and the value of the completed project. Underwriting is focused on the borrowers’ financial strength, credit history and demonstrated ability to produce a quality product and effectively market and manage its operations.

Construction lending involves additional risks when compared to permanent residential lending because funds are advanced upon the security of the project, which is of uncertain value before its completion. Because of the uncertainties inherent in estimating construction costs, it is difficult to evaluate accurately the total funds required to complete a project and the related loan-to-value ratio. This type of lending also typically involves higher loan principal amounts and is often concentrated with a small

 

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number of builders. In addition, generally during the term of a construction loan, interest may be funded by the borrower or disbursed from an interest reserve set aside from the construction loan budget. These loans often involve the disbursement of substantial funds with repayment substantially dependent on the success of the ultimate project and the ability of the borrower to sell or lease the property or obtain permanent take-out financing, rather than the ability of the borrower or guarantor to repay principal and interest. If the appraised value of a completed project proves to be overstated, we may have inadequate security for the repayment of the loan upon completion of construction of the project and may incur a loss. We use a discounted cash flow analysis to determine the value of any construction project of five or more units. Our ability to continue to originate a significant amount of construction loans is dependent on the strength of the general real estate market in our market areas.

Commercial and Industrial Loans. Unlike residential real estate loans, which generally are made on the basis of the borrower’s ability to make repayment from his or her employment or other income, and which are secured by real property whose value tends to be more readily ascertainable, commercial and industrial loans are of higher risk and typically are made on the basis of the borrower’s ability to make repayment from the cash flows of the borrower’s business and the collateral securing these loans may fluctuate in value. Our commercial and industrial loans are originated primarily based on the identified cash flows of the borrower and secondarily on the underlying collateral provided by the borrower. Most often, collateral for commercial and industrial loans consists of accounts receivable, inventory and/or equipment. Credit support provided by the borrower for most of these loans is based on the liquidation of the pledged collateral and enforcement of a personal guarantee, if any. Further, any collateral securing such loans may depreciate over time, may be difficult to appraise and may fluctuate in value. As a result, the availability of funds for the repayment of commercial and industrial loans may depend substantially on the success of the business itself.

Originations, Purchases and Participations of Loans

Lending activities are conducted by our loan personnel operating at our offices. We also obtain referrals from existing and former customers and from accountants, real estate brokers, builders and attorneys. All loans that we originate or purchase are underwritten pursuant to our policies and procedures, which incorporate Fannie Mae underwriting guidelines to the extent applicable for residential loans. We originate both adjustable-rate and fixed-rate loans. Our ability to originate fixed or adjustable-rate loans depends upon the relative customer demand for such loans, which is affected by current market interest rates as well as anticipated future market interest rates. Our loan origination and purchase activity may be adversely affected by a rising interest rate environment, which typically results in decreased loan demand.

We purchase whole loans and participate in loans originated by other institutions. Generally, our analysis for purchase and participation follows similar underwriting policies as if we originated the loan directly. However, for loans that we participate in, we are subject to the lead financial institution’s policies and practices related to items such as, monitoring, collection and default.

We purchase loan participations secured by properties primarily within the state of New Jersey in which we are not the lead lender. In these circumstances, we follow our customary loan underwriting and approval policies. At December 31, 2020, the outstanding balances of our loan participations where we are not the lead lender totaled $11.4 million, or 0.9% of our loan portfolio, all of which were commercial real estate loans. All such loans were performing in accordance with their original repayment terms.

Loan Approval Procedures and Authority

Pursuant to New Jersey law, the aggregate amount of loans that Blue Foundry Bank is permitted to make to any one borrower or a group of related borrowers is generally limited to 15% of Blue Foundry Bank’s capital, surplus fund and undivided profits (25% if the amount in excess of 15% is secured by “readily marketable collateral”). At December 31, 2020, based on the 15% limitation, Blue Foundry Bank’s

 

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loans-to-one-borrower limit was approximately $33.7 million. On the same date, Blue Foundry Bank had no borrowers with outstanding balances in excess of this amount. Our regulatory loans-to-one borrower limit will increase following completion of the stock offering. At December 31, 2020, our largest loan relationship with a single borrower was for $32.1 million, which consisted of two loans secured by multifamily real estate in our primary market area, and the underlying loans were performing in accordance with their terms on that date.

Our lending activities follow written, non-discriminatory, underwriting standards and loan origination procedures established by management and approved by our board of directors. The board of directors has granted loan approval authority to certain officers up to prescribed limits, depending on the officer’s title experience and the type of loan.

Loan approval authorities are dictated by factors such as the loan type, loan size, cumulative credit exposure (to a particular relationship) and the presence of any policy exceptions. All loans are independently underwritten. Commercial loans are further reviewed and acknowledged by the Chief Credit Officer. Loans are then presented for approval to the appropriate authority. Under our current policy, no loan may be approved by a single signor. At a minimum, two signors are required to approve a loan – typically consisting of the loan product manager and a member of the management Loan Committee. Depending upon certain factors, such as the size of the loan request, escalating loan approval authorities may be required. In such cases, approval by the Loan Committee or Board of Directors may be required. For commercial loans, a minimum of three signatures are required (two of which must include the Chief Lending Officer and Chief Credit Officer), with a third signature from any voting member of the Loan Committee.

Delinquencies and Asset Quality

Delinquency Procedures. When a borrower fails to make a required monthly loan payment by the last day of the month, and upon expiration of any applicable grace period (typically 15 days), a late notice is generated stating the payment and late charges due. Until such time as payment is made collection efforts continue with additional phone calls and escalating collection notices. Loan delinquencies more than 30 days past due are reported to the Board of Directors monthly.

If repayment is doubtful or not possible, a notice of intent to foreclose will be issued and the account will be administered by our Asset Recovery Department with oversight and guidance from our counsel. Once issued, the notice of intent to foreclose typically allows the borrower a period of up to 35 days to cure the default. If payment is made and the loan is brought current, foreclosure proceedings are discontinued, and the borrower is permitted to continue to make payments. If the borrower does not respond, we will initiate foreclosure proceedings.

Loans Past Due and Non-Performing Assets. Loans are reviewed on a regular basis. Management determines that a loan is impaired or non-performing when it is probable at least a portion of the loan will not be collected in accordance with the original terms due to a deterioration in the financial condition of the borrower or the value of the underlying collateral if the loan is collateral dependent. When a loan is determined to be impaired, the measurement of the loan in the allowance for loan losses is based on present value of expected future cash flows, except that all collateral-dependent loans are measured for impairment based on the fair value of the collateral. Non-accrual loans are loans for which collectability is questionable and, therefore, interest on such loans will no longer be recognized on an accrual basis. All loans that become 90 days or more delinquent are placed on non-accrual status unless the loan is well secured and in the process of collection. When loans are placed on non-accrual status, unpaid accrued interest is fully reversed, and further income is recognized only to the extent received on a cash basis or cost recovery method. 

 

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When we acquire real estate as a result of foreclosure or a deed-in-lieu transaction, the real estate is classified as real estate owned. The real estate owned is recorded at the lower of carrying amount or fair value, less estimated costs to sell. Soon after acquisition, we order a new appraisal to determine the current market value of the property. Any excess of the recorded value of the loan satisfied over the market value of the property is charged against the allowance for loan losses, or, if the existing allowance is inadequate, charged to expense of the current period. After acquisition, all costs incurred in maintaining the property are expensed. Costs relating to the development and improvement of the property, however, are capitalized to the extent of estimated fair value less estimated costs to sell.

A loan is classified as a troubled debt restructuring if, for economic or legal reasons related to the borrower’s financial difficulties, we grant a concession to the borrower that we would not otherwise consider. This usually includes a modification of loan terms, such as a reduction of the interest rate to below market terms, capitalizing past due interest or extending the maturity date and possibly a partial forgiveness of the principal amount due. Interest income on restructured loans is accrued after the borrower demonstrates the ability to pay under the restructured terms through a sustained period of repayment performance, which is generally six consecutive months.

Delinquent Loans. The following table sets forth our loan delinquencies, including non-accrual loans, by type and amount at the dates indicated.

 

   At December 31, 
   2020   2019 
   60-89 Days   90 Days or More   60-89 Days   90 Days or More 
   Number
of Loans
   Principal
Balance
   Number
of Loans
   Principal
Balance
   Number
of Loans
   Principal
Balance
   Number
of Loans
   Principal
Balance
 
   (Dollars in thousands) 

Residential one-to-four family

   13   $3,151    17   $10,075    7   $2,600    10   $2,206 

Multifamily

   —      —      1    156    1    309    —      —   

Non-residential

   —      —      4    805    —      —      4    966 

Construction and land

   1    3,000    —      —      —      —      —      —   

Junior liens

   —      —      —      —      —      —      2    85 

Commercial and industrial

   —      —      —      —      —      —      —      —   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   14   $6,151    22   $11,036    8   $2,909    16   $3,257 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Non-Performing Assets. The table below sets forth the amounts and categories of our non-performing assets at the dates indicated.

 

   At December 31, 
   2020  2019 
   (Dollars in thousands) 

Non-accrual loans:

   

Residential one-to-four family

  $11,813  $3,444 

Multifamily

   156   263 

Non-residential

   805   966 

Construction and land

   —     —   

Junior liens

   82   236 

Commercial and industrial

   —     —   

Consumer and other

   —     —   
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total

   12,856   4,909 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Accruing loans past due 90 days or more:

   

Residential one-to-four family

   —     —   

Multifamily

   —     —   

Non-residential

   —     —   

Construction and land

   —     —   

Junior liens

   —     —   

Commercial and industrial

   —     —   

Consumer and other

   —     —   
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total

   —     —   
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total non-performing loans

   12,856   4,909 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Real estate owned

   623   2,014 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Other non-performing assets

   —     —   
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total non-performing assets

  $13,479  $6,923 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Troubled debt restructurings (accruing):

   

Residential one-to-four family

  $2,413  $2,469 

Multifamily

   —     —   

Non-residential

   3,877   4,112 

Construction and land

   —     —   

Junior liens

   —     —   

Commercial and industrial

   —     —   

Consumer and other

   45   52 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total troubled debt restructurings (accruing)

  $6,335  $6,633 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total troubled debt restructurings (accruing) and total non-performing assets

  $32,670  $18,465 

Total non-performing loans to total loans

   1.00  0.34

Total non-performing loans to total assets

   0.66   0.26 

Total non-performing assets to total assets

   0.69   0.37 

Total non-performing assets and troubled debt restructurings (accruing) to total assets

   1.68   1.00 

Classified Assets. Federal regulations provide for the classification of loans and other assets, such as debt and equity securities considered to be of lesser quality, as “substandard,” “doubtful” or “loss.” An asset is considered “substandard” if it is inadequately protected by the current net worth and paying capacity of the obligor or of the collateral pledged, if any. “Substandard” assets include those characterized by the “distinct possibility” that the insured institution will sustain “some loss” if the deficiencies are not corrected. Assets classified as “doubtful” have all of the weaknesses inherent in those classified “substandard,” with the added characteristic that the weaknesses present make “collection or liquidation in full,” on the basis of currently existing facts, conditions, and values, “highly questionable and improbable.” Assets classified as “loss” are those considered “uncollectible” and of such little value that their continuance as assets without the establishment of a specific loss allowance is not warranted. Assets which do not currently expose the insured institution to sufficient risk to warrant classification in one of the aforementioned categories but possess weaknesses are designated as “special mention” by our management.

When an insured institution classifies problem assets as either substandard or doubtful, it may establish general allowances in an amount deemed prudent by management to cover probable accrued losses. General allowances represent loss allowances which have been established to cover probable accrued losses associated with lending activities, but which, unlike specific allowances, have not been allocated to particular problem assets. When an insured institution classifies problem assets as “loss,” it is

 

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required either to establish a specific allowance for losses equal to 100% of that portion of the asset so classified or to charge-off such amount. An institution’s determination as to the classification of its assets and the amount of its valuation allowances is subject to review by the regulatory authorities, which may require the establishment of additional general or specific loss allowances.

In connection with the filing of our periodic reports with the FDIC and in accordance with our classification of assets policy, we regularly review the problem loans in our portfolio to determine whether any loans require classification in accordance with applicable regulations.

The following table sets forth our amounts of classified loans as of December 31, 2020 and 2019. Classified loans included $31.0 million and $5.5 million at December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

 

   At December 31, 
   2020   2019 
   (In thousands) 

Special mention

  $16,802   $—   

Substandard

   14,213    5,538 

Doubtful

   —      —   

Loss

   —      —   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $31,015   $5,538 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

As of December 31, 2020, special mention loans included one non-residential real estate loan totaling $150.2 million and three multi-family real estate loans totaling $16.6 million. At December 31, 2020, substandard loans represent 38 loans totaling $14.2 million.

Allowance for Loan Losses

The allowance for loan losses is maintained at a level which, in management’s judgment, is adequate to absorb probable and incurred credit losses inherent in the loan portfolio. The amount of the allowance is based on management’s evaluation of the collectability of the loan portfolio, including the nature of the portfolio, credit concentrations, trends in historical loss experience, specific impaired loans, and economic conditions. Allowances for loans that are individually classified as impaired are generally determined based on collateral values or the present value of estimated cash flows. The allowance is increased by a provision for loan losses, which is charged to expense and reduced by full and partial charge-offs, net of recoveries. Changes in the allowance relating to impaired loans are charged or credited to the provision for loan losses. Management’s periodic evaluation of the adequacy of the allowance is based on various factors, including historical loss experience, current economic conditions, delinquency statistics, geographic and industry concentrations, the adequacy of the underlying collateral, the financial strength of borrowers, results of internal loan reviews and other qualitative and quantitative factors which could affect potential credit losses.

In addition, the NJDOBI and the FDIC periodically review our allowance for loan losses and as a result of such reviews, they may require us to adjust our allowance for loan losses or recognize loan charge-offs.

 

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The following table sets forth activity in our allowance for loan losses for the periods indicated.

 

   Year Ended December 31, 
   2020  2019 
   (Dollars in thousands) 

Allowance for loan losses at beginning of period

  $14,500  $13,225 

Provision for loan losses

   2,518   1,265 

Charge-offs:

   

Residential one-to-four family

   49   —   

Multifamily

   —     —   

Non-residential

   —     —   

Construction and land

   —     —   

Junior liens

   —     —   

Commercial and industrial

   —     —   

Consumer and other

   10   15 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total charge-offs

   59   15 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Recoveries:

   

Residential one-to-four family

   —     —   

Multifamily

   —     25 

Non-residential

   —     —   

Construction and land

   —     —   

Junior liens

   —     —   

Commercial and industrial

   —     —   

Consumer and other

   —     —   
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total recoveries

   —     25 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net charge-offs (recoveries)

   59   (10

Allowance for loan losses at end of period

  $16,959  $14,500 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Allowance for loan losses to non-performing loans at end of period

   131.92  295.36

Allowance for loan losses to total loans outstanding at end of period

   1.34  1.03

Net charge-offs (recoveries) to average loans outstanding during period

   —    —  

Allocation of Allowance for Loan Losses. The following tables set forth the allowance for loan losses allocated by loan category and the percent of the allowance in each category to the total allocated allowance at the dates indicated. The allowance for loan losses allocated to each category is not necessarily indicative of future losses in any particular category and does not restrict the use of the allowance to absorb losses in other categories.

 

   At December 31, 
   2020  2019 
   Amount   Percent of
Allowance
to Total
Allowance
  Percent of
Loans in
Category to
Total Loans
  Amount   Percent of
Allowance
to Total
Allowance
  Percent of
Loans in
Category
to Total
Loans
 
   (Dollars in thousands) 

Residential one-to-four family

  $3,579    21.10  47.82 $3,166    23.77  54.13

Multifamily

   5,460    32.20   33.42   4,256    29.35   32.44 

Non-residential

   3,244    19.13   10.02   2,548    17.57   8.97 

Construction and land

   3,655    21.55   2.63   3,028    20.88   2.43 

Junior liens

   916    5.40   1.86   1,002    6.91   2.02 

Commercial and industrial

   2    0.01   4.23   —      —     —   

Consumer and other

   48    0.28   0.01   56    0.39   0.01 
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total

   16,904    99.68   100.00   14,336    98.87   100.00 

Unallocated

   55    0.32   —     164    1.13   —   
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total allowance for loan losses

  $16,959    100  100.00 $14,500    100  100.00
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

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Investment Activities

General. The goals of our investment policy are generally to provide earnings, provide liquidity, mitigate interest rate risk, ensure the safety of principal, manage tax liabilities and meet pledging requirements. Subject to loan demand and our interest rate risk analysis, we will increase the balance of our investment securities portfolio when we have excess liquidity.

Our investment policy was adopted and is reviewed annually by the board of directors. All investment decisions are made by senior management in accordance with board-approved policies. The Treasurer provides an investment schedule detailing the investment portfolio, which is reviewed at least monthly by the board of directors.

Our current investment policy permits, with certain limitations, investments in: U.S. Treasury securities; securities issued by the U.S. government and its agencies or government sponsored enterprises including mortgage-backed securities and collateralized mortgage obligations issued by Fannie Mae, Ginnie Mae and Freddie Mac; corporate and municipal bonds; certificates of deposit in other financial institutions; federal funds and money market funds.

At December 31, 2020, our investment portfolio consisted of debt securities issued by the United States Government, agencies of the United States Government or United States Government-sponsored enterprises, mortgage-backed securities issued and guaranteed by Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and Ginnie Mae, investments in federal funds and deposits in other insured institutions. As a member of Federal Home Loan Bank of New York, we are required to purchase stock in the Federal Home Loan Bank of New York, which stock is carried at cost and classified as restricted equity securities.

Portfolio Maturities and Yields. The following table sets forth the stated maturities and weighted average yields of investment securities at December 31, 2020. Weighted average yields on tax-exempt securities are presented on a tax equivalent basis using a combined federal and state marginal tax rate of 22%. Certain mortgage-backed securities have adjustable interest rates and will reprice annually within the various maturity ranges. These repricing schedules are not reflected in the table below. Weighted average yield calculations on investment securities available for sale do not give effect to changes in fair value that are reflected as a component of equity.

 

   One Year or Less  More than One Year to
Five Years
  More than Five Years to
Ten Years
  More than Ten Years  Total 
   Amortized
Cost
   Weighted
Average
Yield
  Amortized
Cost
   Weighted
Average
Yield
  Amortized
Cost
   Weighted
Average
Yield
  Amortized
Cost
   Weighted
Average
Yield
  Amortized
Cost
   Fair
Value
   Weighted
Average
Yield
 
   (Dollars in thousands) 

Securities held-to-maturity:

                  

Corporate bonds

  $—      —   $—      —   $—      —   $—      —   $—     $—      —  

Collateralized loan obligation

   —      —    —      —    —      —    7,005    1.90  7,005    6,978    1.90
           

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total

  $—      —   $—      —   $—      —   $7,005    1.90 $7,005   $6,978    1.90
           

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

Sources of Funds

General. Deposits have traditionally been our primary source of funds for our lending and investment activities. We also use borrowings, primarily Federal Home Loan Bank of New York advances, to supplement cash flows, as needed. In addition, funds are derived from scheduled loan payments, investment maturities, loan sales, loan prepayments, retained earnings and income on earning assets. While scheduled loan payments and income on earning assets are relatively stable sources of funds, deposit inflows and outflows can vary widely and are influenced by prevailing interest rates, market conditions and competition.

 

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Deposit Accounts. The substantial majority of our deposits are from depositors who reside in our primary market area. We access deposit customers by offering a broad selection of deposit instruments for individuals and businesses.

Deposit account terms vary according to the minimum balance required, the time period that funds must remain on deposit, and the interest rate, among other factors. In determining the terms of our deposit accounts, we consider the rates offered by our competition, our liquidity needs, profitability, and customer preferences and concerns. We generally review our deposit pricing on a weekly basis and continually review our deposit mix. Our deposit pricing strategy has generally been to offer competitive rates, but generally not the highest rates offered in the market, and to periodically offer special rates to attract deposits of a specific type or with a specific term.

Also, when rates and terms are favorable, we may supplement customer deposits with brokered deposits. We had no brokered deposits as of December 31, 2020. Although we currently do not utilize brokered deposits, we do use a listing service to bid on listed deposits. We had $46.1 million and $15.4 million of such deposits at December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

The flow of deposits is influenced significantly by general economic conditions, changes in money market and other prevailing interest rates and competition. The variety of deposit accounts offered allows us to be competitive in obtaining funds and responding to changes in consumer demand. Based on experience, we believe that our deposits are relatively stable. However, the ability to attract and maintain deposits and the rates paid on these deposits, has been and will continue to be significantly affected by market conditions.

The following table sets forth the distribution of total deposits by account type at the dates indicated.

 

   At December 31, 
   2020  2019 
   Amount   Amount  Amount   Percent 
   (Dollars in thousands) 

Interest bearing (NOW) demand accounts

  $362,169    26.71 $285,946    22.08

Savings and money market accounts

   276,584    20.39   221,377    17.09 

Time deposits

   717,431    52.90   787,725    60.83 
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $1,356,184    100.00 $1,295,048    100.00
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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As of December 31, 2020, the aggregate amount of uninsured deposits (deposits in amounts greater than or equal to $250,000, which is the maximum amount for federal deposit insurance) was $156.5 million. In addition, as of December 31, 2020, the portion of time deposits in excess of the FDIC insurance limit was $25.3 million. The following table sets forth the maturity of these time deposits as of December 31, 2020.

 

   At
December 31, 2020
 
  (In thousands) 

Maturity Period:

  

Three months or less

  $8,728 

Over three through six months

   3,429 

Over six through twelve months

   11,608 

Over twelve months

   1,566 
  

 

 

 

Total

  $25,331 
  

 

 

 

Our borrowings consist of advances from the Federal Home Loan Bank of New York. At December 31, 2020, we had the ability to borrow approximately $423.5 million under our credit facilities with the Federal Home Loan Bank of New York, of which $329.4 million was advanced. Borrowings from the Federal Home Loan Bank of New York are secured by our investment in the common stock of the Federal Home Loan Bank of New York and loans pledged at the Federal Home Loan Bank of New York.

Subsidiary Activities

Blue Foundry Bancorp has no subsidiaries. Following the completion of the conversion, Blue Foundry Bank will be the sole direct subsidiary of Blue Foundry Bancorp.

Blue Foundry Bank has six wholly owned subsidiaries. Rutherford Center Development Corp., a New Jersey corporation, Blue Foundry Service Corporation, a New Jersey corporation, and Blue Foundry, LLC, a New Jersey limited liability company. 116-120 Route 23 North, LLC, a New Jersey limited liability company, and TrackView LLC, a New Jersey limited liability company, were each formed to hold certain real estate owned but are currently inactive. Blue Foundry Investment Company, a New Jersey corporation, was formed to hold certain of our investment securities for tax purposes.

Employees and Human Capital Resources

At December 31, 2020, we employed 168 employees, nearly all of whom are full-time and of which approximately 65% are women. At December 31, 2019, we employed 178 employees. As a financial institution, approximately 66% of our employees are employed at our branch offices, and another 3% are employed at our customer care call center. The success of our business is highly dependent on our employees, who provide value to our customers and communities through their dedication to our mission, helping customers achieve financial security. Our workplace culture is grounded in a set of core values – a concern for others, trust, respect, hard work, and a dedication to our customers. We seek to hire well-qualified employees who are also a good fit for our value system. Our selection and promotion processes are without bias and include the active recruitment of minorities, women and veterans.

We encourage and support the growth and development of our employees and, wherever possible, seek to fill positions by promotion and transfer from within the organization. Continual training and career development is advanced through regular performance discussions between employees and their managers, internally developed training programs, customized corporate training engagements and educational reimbursement programs. Reimbursement is available to employees enrolled in pre-approved degree or certification programs at accredited institutions that teach skills or knowledge relevant to our business, and for seminars, conferences, and other training events employees attend in connection with their job duties.

 

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The safety, health and wellness of our employees is a top priority. The COVID-19 pandemic presented a unique challenge with regard to maintaining employee safety while continuing successful operations. Through teamwork and the adaptability of our management and staff, we were able to transition, over a short period of time, 80% of our employees to effectively working from remote locations and provide a safely-distanced working environment for employees performing customer-facing activities, at branches and operations centers. All employees are asked not to come to work when they experience signs or symptoms of a possible COVID-19 illness and have been provided additional paid time off to cover compensation during such absences. On an ongoing basis, we further promote the health and wellness of our employees by strongly encouraging work-life balance, offering flexible work schedules, keeping the employee portion of health care premiums to a low amount and sponsoring various wellness programs, whereby employees are compensated for incorporating healthy habits into their daily routines.

Employee retention helps us operate efficiently and achieve one of our business objectives, which is being a low-cost provider. We believe our commitment to living out our core values, actively prioritizing concern for our employees’ well-being, supporting our employees’ career goals, offering competitive wages and providing valuable fringe benefits aids in retention of our top-performing employees. At December 31, 2020, 17% of our current staff had been with us for fifteen years or more.

Legal Proceedings

Periodically, we are involved in claims and lawsuits, such as claims to enforce liens, condemnation proceedings on properties in which we hold security interests, claims involving the making and servicing of real property loans and other issues incident to our business. At December 31, 2020, we were not a party to any pending legal proceedings that we believe would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

 

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Properties

The following table sets forth information regarding our offices.

 

Location

  Year
Opened
   Owned/
Leased
   Net Book
Value at
December 31,
2020
   Lease
Liability

at
December 31,
2020
   Construction
in Process
(Not Reflected
in Book
Value) at
December 31,
2020
 
           (In thousands) 

Main Office:

          

19 Park Ave

   1939    Leased   $606   $372   $—   

Rutherford, New Jersey 07070

          

Administrative Headquarters

          

(upon relocation currently scheduled for spring 2021):

          

7 Sylvan Way

   2021    Leased    —      19,654    3,503 

Parsippany, New Jersey 07054

          

Full Service Branches:

          

280 Union Avenue

   1939    Owned    206    —      —   

Rutherford, New Jersey 07070

          

Clifton Commons Shopping Center

102 Kingsland Road

Clifton, New Jersey 07014

   1999    Land Lease    428    686    74 

753 Ridge Road

Lyndhurst, New Jersey 07071

   1939    Owned    688    —      118 

222 Ridgewood Avenue

Glen Ridge, New Jersey 07028

   2012    Owned    2,368    —      13 

250 W. Passaic Street

Rochelle Park, New Jersey 07662

   1939    Leased    20    255    —   

217 Rock Road

Glen Rock, New Jersey 07452

   2002    Owned    1,429    —      779 

55 North Broad Street

Ridgewood, New Jersey 07450

   1885    Leased    27    198    —   

531 North Maple Avenue

Ridgewood, New Jersey 07450

   1996    Owned    901    —      —   

60 Beaverbrook Road

Lincoln Park, New Jersey 07035

   1989    Leased    7    237    —   

 

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440 Hillsdale Avenue

Hillsdale, New Jersey 07642

   1939    Leased    70    254    —   

Boulder Run Shopping Center

319 Franklin Avenue

Wyckoff, New Jersey 07481

   1985    Leased    207    940    —   

448 Main Road

Towaco, New Jersey 07082

   2009    Owned    2,247    —      —   

66 North Beverwyck Road

Lake Hiawatha, New Jersey 07034

   2007    Owned    1,017    —      —   

209 Ridgedale Avenue

Florham Park, New Jersey 07932

   2008    Land Lease    1,508    1,507    12 

4 East Ramapo Avenue

Mahwah, New Jersey 07430

   1939    Leased    224    229    —   

To-Be-Opened Branches:

          

453 Main Street

Chatham, New Jersey 07928

   2021    Leased    —      1,115    21 

123 Montgomery Street

Jersey City, New Jersey 07302

   2021    Leased    —      —      13 

 

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SUPERVISION AND REGULATION

General

As a New Jersey-chartered savings bank, Blue Foundry Bank is subject to comprehensive regulation by the NJDOBI, as its chartering authority and, as a federally insured nonmember institution, by the FDIC. Blue Foundry Bank is a member of the Federal Home Loan Bank of New York and its deposits are insured up to applicable limits by the FDIC. Blue Foundry Bank is required to file reports with, and is periodically examined by, the FDIC and the NJDOBI concerning its activities and financial condition and must obtain regulatory approvals before entering into certain transactions, including mergers with or acquisitions of other financial institutions. This regulatory structure is intended primarily for the protection of the insurance fund and depositors. The regulatory structure also gives the regulatory authorities extensive discretion in connection with their supervisory and enforcement activities and examination policies, including policies regarding classifying assets and establishing an adequate allowance for loan losses for regulatory purposes.

Upon completion of the conversion, as a bank holding company, Blue Foundry Bancorp will be subject to examination and supervision by, and is required to file certain reports with, the Federal Reserve Board. Blue Foundry Bancorp will also be subject to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission under the federal securities laws.

Set forth below is a brief description of certain material regulatory requirements that are applicable to Blue Foundry Bank and Blue Foundry Bancorp. The description is not intended to be a complete list or description of such statutes and regulations and their effects on Blue Foundry Bank and Blue Foundry Bancorp.

New Jersey Banking Laws and Supervision

Activity Powers. Blue Foundry Bank derives its lending, investment and other activity powers primarily from the New Jersey Banking Act and its related regulations. Under these laws and regulations, savings banks, including Blue Foundry Bank, generally may invest in:

 

  

real estate mortgages;

 

  

consumer and commercial loans;

 

  

specific types of debt securities, including certain corporate debt securities and obligations of federal, state and local governments and agencies;

 

  

certain types of corporate equity securities; and

 

  

certain other assets.

A savings bank may also make other investments pursuant to “leeway” authority that permits investments not otherwise permitted by the New Jersey Banking Act. Leeway investments must comply with a number of limitations on the individual and aggregate amounts of leeway investments. A savings bank may also exercise trust powers upon approval of the NJDOBI. New Jersey savings banks also may exercise those powers, rights, benefits or privileges authorized for national banks or out-of-state banks or for federal or out-of-state savings banks or savings associations, provided that before exercising any such power, right, benefit or privilege, prior approval by the NJDOBI by regulation or by specific authorization is required. The exercise of these lending, investment and activity powers is limited by federal law and regulations. See “—Federal Bank Regulation—Activities and Investments” below. Certain corporate transactions by a savings bank, such as establishing branches and acquiring other banks, require the prior approval of the NJDOBI.

 

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Loan-to-One-Borrower Limitations. With certain specified exceptions, a New Jersey-chartered savings bank may not make loans or extend credit to a single borrower or to entities related to the borrower in an aggregate amount that would exceed 15% of the bank’s capital funds. A savings bank may lend an additional 10% of the bank’s capital funds if secured by collateral meeting the requirements of the New Jersey Banking Act. Blue Foundry Bank currently complies with applicable loan-to-one-borrower limitations.

Dividends. Under the New Jersey Banking Act, a stock savings bank may declare and pay a dividend on its capital stock only to the extent that the payment of the dividend would not impair the capital stock of the savings bank. In addition, a savings bank may not pay a dividend unless the savings bank would have a surplus of not less than 50% of its capital stock after the payment of the dividend or, alternatively, the payment of the dividend would not reduce the surplus. Federal law may also limit the amount of dividends that may be paid by Blue Foundry Bank. See “—Federal Bank Regulation—Prompt Corrective Regulatory Action” below.

Minimum Capital Requirements. Regulations of the NJDOBI impose on New Jersey-chartered depository institutions, including Blue Foundry Bank, minimum capital requirements generally similar to those imposed by the FDIC on insured state banks. See “—Federal Bank Regulation—Capital Requirements.”

Examination and Enforcement. The NJDOBI may examine Blue Foundry Bank as it deems advisable. It typically examines Blue Foundry Bank at least every two years, typically alternating years with the FDIC such that Blue Foundry Bank is subject to regulatory examination every year. Regulated institutions are assessed for expenses incurred by the NJDOBI.

The NJDOBI has authority to enforce applicable law and prevent practices that may cause harm to an institution, including the issuance of cease and desist orders and civil money penalties and removal of directors, officers and employees. The NJDOBI also has authority to appoint a conservator or receiver for a savings bank under certain circumstances such as insolvency or unsafe or unsound condition to transact business.

Federal Bank Regulation

Supervision and Enforcement Authority. Blue Foundry Bank is subject to extensive regulation, examination and supervision by the FDIC as its primary federal prudential regulator and the insurer of its deposits. This regulatory structure is intended primarily for the protection of the insurance fund and depositors. The regulatory structure also gives the FDIC extensive discretion in connection with its supervisory and enforcement activities and examination policies, including policies with respect to the classification of assets and the establishment of an adequate allowance for loan losses for regulatory purposes.

Blue Foundry Bank must file reports with the FDIC concerning its activities and financial condition. It must also obtain prior FDIC approval before entering into certain corporate transactions such as establishing new branches and mergers with, or acquisitions of, other financial institutions. There are periodic examinations by the FDIC to evaluate Blue Foundry Bank’s safety and soundness and compliance with various regulatory requirements.

The FDIC maintains substantial enforcement authority over regulated institutions. That includes, among other things, the ability to assess civil money penalties, issue cease and desist orders and remove directors and officers. In general, enforcement actions may be initiated in response to violations of laws and regulations, breaches of fiduciary duty and unsafe or unsound practices. The FDIC may also appoint itself as conservator or receiver for an insured bank under specified circumstances, including: (1) insolvency; (2) substantial dissipation of assets or earnings through violations of law or unsafe or unsound practices; (3) the existence of an unsafe or unsound condition to transact business; (4) insufficient capital; or (5) the incurrence of losses that will deplete substantially all of the institution’s capital with no reasonable prospect of replenishment without federal assistance.

 

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Capital Requirements. Under FDIC regulations, Blue Foundry Bank must meet several minimum capital standards: a common equity Tier 1 capital to risk-based assets ratio, a Tier 1 capital to risk-based assets ratio, a total capital to risk-based assets, and a Tier 1 capital to average total assets leverage ratio. The existing capital requirements were effective January 1, 2015 and are the result of a final rule implementing regulatory amendments based on recommendations of the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision and certain requirements of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the “Dodd-Frank Act”).

The capital standards require the maintenance of common equity Tier 1 capital, Tier 1 capital and total capital to risk-weighted assets of at least 4.5%, 6% and 8%, respectively, and a Tier 1 leverage ratio of at least 4% of average total assets. Common equity Tier 1 capital is generally defined as common shareholders’ equity and retained earnings. Tier 1 capital is generally defined as common equity Tier 1 and Additional Tier 1 capital. Additional Tier 1 capital generally includes certain noncumulative perpetual preferred stock and related surplus and minority interests in equity accounts of consolidated subsidiaries. Total capital includes Tier 1 capital (common equity Tier 1 capital plus Additional Tier 1 capital) and Tier 2 capital. Tier 2 capital is comprised of capital instruments and related surplus meeting specified requirements, and may include cumulative preferred stock and long-term perpetual preferred stock, mandatory convertible securities, intermediate preferred stock and subordinated debt. Also included in Tier 2 capital is the allowance for loan and lease losses limited to a maximum of 1.25% of risk-weighted assets and, for institutions that have exercised an opt-out election regarding the treatment of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (“AOCI”), up to 45% of net unrealized gains on available-for-sale equity securities with readily determinable fair market values. Institutions that have not exercised the AOCI opt-out have AOCI incorporated into common equity Tier 1 capital (including unrealized gains and losses on available-for-sale-securities). Blue Foundry Bank exercised the opt-out election regarding the treatment of AOCI. Calculation of all types of regulatory capital is subject to deductions and adjustments specified in the regulations.

In determining the amount of risk-weighted assets for purposes of calculating risk-based capital ratios, a bank’s assets, including certain off-balance sheet assets (e.g., recourse obligations, direct credit substitutes, residual interests), are multiplied by a risk weight factor assigned by the regulations based on perceived risks inherent in the type of asset. Higher levels of capital are required for asset categories believed to present greater risk. For example, a risk weight of 0% is assigned to cash and U.S. government securities, a risk weight of 50% is generally assigned to prudently underwritten first lien one-to-four family residential mortgages, a risk weight of 100% is assigned to commercial and consumer loans, a risk weight of 150% is assigned to certain past due loans and a risk weight of between 0% to 600% is assigned to permissible equity interests, depending on certain specified factors.

In addition to establishing the minimum regulatory capital requirements, the regulations limit capital distributions and certain discretionary bonus payments to management if an institution does not hold a “capital conservation buffer” of 2.5%, effectively resulting in the following minimum ratios: (1) a common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 7.0%, (2) a Tier 1 to risk-based assets capital ratio of 8.5%, and (3) a total capital ratio of 10.5%.

Federal legislation enacted in 2018 required the federal banking agencies, including the FDIC, to adopt a rule implementing a simplified “community bank leverage” ratio alternative. The community bank leverage ratio option was effective January 1, 2020 and is available to institutions with assets of less than $10 billion that meet other specified criteria. The community bank leverage is the ratio of a bank’s tangible Tier 1 equity capital to average total consolidated assets and was established by the regulators at 9%. Recent federal legislation required that the community bank leverage ratio be temporarily lowered to 8%. The federal banking agencies issued a rule implementing the lower ratio, effective April 23, 2020. The rule also established a two-quarter grace period for a qualifying institution whose leverage ratio falls

 

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below the 8% requirement so long as the bank maintains a leverage ratio of 7% or greater. Another rule was issued to transition to the 9% community bank leverage ratio by increasing the ratio to 8.5% for calendar year 2021 and 9% thereafter. A qualifying community bank that exercises the election and has capital equal to or exceeding the applicable percentage is considered complaint with all applicable regulatory capital requirements. Qualifying institutions may elect to utilize the community bank leverage ratio in lieu of the generally applicable risk-based capital requirements.

A qualifying institution may opt in and out of the community bank leverage ratio framework on its quarterly call report. The regulations provide an institution that ceases to meet any qualifying criteria with a two-quarter grace period to either again comply with the community bank leverage ratio requirements or comply with the general capital regulations, including the risk-based capital requirements. To date, Blue Foundry Bank has not opted into the community bank leverage ratio framework.

The FDIC also has authority to establish individual minimum capital requirements in appropriate cases upon determination that an institution’s capital level is, or is likely to become, inadequate in light of the particular circumstances.

At December 31, 2020, Blue Foundry Bank exceeded each of its capital requirements.

Standards for Safety and Soundness. As required by statute, the federal banking agencies have adopted final regulations and Interagency Guidelines Establishing Standards for Safety and Soundness. The guidelines set forth the safety and soundness standards the federal banking agencies use to identify and address problems at insured depository institutions before capital becomes impaired. The guidelines address internal controls and information systems, internal audit systems, credit underwriting, loan documentation, interest rate exposure, asset growth, asset quality, earnings and compensation, fees and benefits. The agencies have also established standards for safeguarding customer information. If the appropriate federal banking agency determines that an institution fails to meet any standard prescribed by the guidelines, the agency may require the institution to submit to the agency an acceptable plan to achieve compliance with the standard.

Activities and Investments. Federal law provides that a state-chartered bank insured by the FDIC generally may not engage as a principal in any activity not permissible for a national bank to conduct or make any equity investment of a type or in an amount not authorized for national banks, notwithstanding state law, subject to certain exceptions. For example, state-chartered banks may, with FDIC approval, continue to exercise state authority to invest in common or preferred stocks listed on a national securities exchange or the Nasdaq Market and to invest in shares of investment companies registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940. The maximum permissible investment is 100% of Tier 1 Capital, as specified by the FDIC’s regulations, or the maximum amount permitted by New Jersey law, whichever is less. Such grandfathered authority terminates upon a change in the institution’s charter or a change in control.

In addition, the FDIC is authorized to permit a state-chartered bank or savings bank to engage in state-authorized activities or investments not permissible for national banks (other than non-subsidiary equity investments) if it meets all applicable capital requirements and it is determined that the activities or investments involved do not pose a significant risk to the Deposit Insurance Fund. The FDIC has adopted procedures for institutions seeking approval to engage in such activities or investments. In addition, a nonmember bank may control a subsidiary that engages in activities as principal that would only be permitted for a national bank to conduct in a “financial subsidiary” if a bank meets specified conditions and deducts its investment in the subsidiary for regulatory capital purposes.

Interstate Banking and Branching. Federal law permits well capitalized and well managed bank holding companies to acquire banks in any state, subject to Federal Reserve Board approval, certain concentration limits and other specified conditions. Interstate mergers of banks are also authorized, subject to regulatory approval and other specified conditions. In addition, banks may establish de novo branches on an interstate basis at any location where a bank chartered under the laws of the branch location host state may establish a branch.

 

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Prompt Corrective Regulatory Action. Federal law requires, among other things, that federal bank regulatory authorities take “prompt corrective action” with respect to banks that do not meet minimum capital requirements. For these purposes, the law establishes five capital categories: well capitalized, adequately capitalized, undercapitalized, significantly undercapitalized and critically undercapitalized.

The FDIC has adopted regulations to implement the prompt corrective action legislation. An institution is considered “well capitalized” if it has a total risk-based capital ratio of 10.0% or greater, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 8.0% or greater, a leverage ratio of 5.0% or greater and a common equity Tier 1 ratio of 6.5% or greater. An institution is “adequately capitalized” if it has a total risk-based capital ratio of 8.0% or greater, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 6.0% or greater, a leverage ratio of 4.0% or greater and a common equity Tier 1 ratio of 4.5% or greater. An institution is “undercapitalized” if it has a total risk-based capital ratio of less than 8.0%, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of less than 6.0%, a leverage ratio of less than 4.0% or a common equity Tier 1 ratio of less than 4.5%. An institution is “significantly undercapitalized” if it has a total risk-based capital ratio of less than 6.0%, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of less than 4.0%, a leverage ratio of less than 3.0% or a common equity Tier 1 ratio of less than 3.0%. An institution is “critically undercapitalized” if it has a ratio of tangible equity (as defined in the regulations) to total assets equal to or less than 2.0%. At December 31, 2020, Blue Foundry Bank was classified as a “well capitalized” institution.

At each successive lower capital category, an insured depository institution is subject to additional operating restrictions, including limits on growth and a prohibition on the payment of dividends and other capital distributions. Furthermore, if an insured depository institution is classified in one of the undercapitalized categories, it is required to submit a capital restoration plan to the appropriate federal banking agency. An undercapitalized bank’s compliance with a capital restoration plan must be guaranteed by any company that controls the undercapitalized institution in an amount equal to the lesser of 5.0% of the institution’s total assets when deemed undercapitalized or the amount necessary to achieve the status of adequately capitalized. If an “undercapitalized” bank fails to submit an acceptable plan, it is treated as if it is “significantly undercapitalized.” “Significantly undercapitalized” banks must comply with one or more of a number of possible additional restrictions, including an order by the FDIC to sell sufficient voting stock to become adequately capitalized, reduce total assets, cease receipt of deposits from correspondent banks, dismiss directors or officers, or limit interest rates paid on deposits, compensation of executive officers or capital distributions by the parent holding company. “Critically undercapitalized” institutions are subject to additional measures including, subject to a narrow exception, the appointment of a receiver or conservator within 270 days after it is determined to be critically undercapitalized.

A bank that is classified as well-capitalized, adequately capitalized or undercapitalized may be treated as though it were in the next lower capital category if the FDIC, after notice and opportunity for hearing, determines that an unsafe or unsound condition, or an unsafe or unsound practice, warrants such treatment.

As noted above, federal legislation required the implementation of a “community bank leverage ratio” alternative for banks with less than $10.0 billion in assets. The FDIC’s final rule provides that a qualifying institution that opts into that framework is considered well-capitalized with a community bank leverage ratio of 9% or greater or between 8% and 9% in limited circumstances. Those thresholds have been temporarily lowered to 8% or greater, or between 7% and 8% under certain circumstances, by federal legislation. See “—Capital Requirements” above.

 

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Transaction with Affiliates and Regulation W of the Federal Reserve Regulations/Loans to Insiders. Transactions between banks and their affiliates are governed by federal law. Generally, Section 23A of the Federal Reserve Act and the Federal Reserve Board’s Regulation W prohibit a bank and its subsidiaries from engaging in a “covered transaction” with an affiliate if the aggregate amount of covered transactions outstanding with that affiliate, including the proposed transaction, would exceed an amount equal to 10.0% of the bank’s capital stock and surplus. The aggregate amount of covered transactions outstanding with all affiliates is limited to 20.0% of the bank’s capital stock and surplus. Section 23B applies to “covered transactions,” as well as to certain other transactions, and requires that all such transactions be on terms substantially the same, or at least as favorable, to the institution or subsidiary as prevailing market terms for transaction with or involving a non-affiliate. The term “covered transaction” includes making loans to, purchasing assets from, and issuing guarantees to an affiliate, and other similar transactions. Section 23B transactions also include the bank’s providing services and selling assets to an affiliate. In addition, loans or other extensions of credit by a bank to an affiliate are required to be collateralized according to the requirements set forth in Section 23A of the Federal Reserve Act.

A bank’s loans to its executive officers, directors, any owner of 10% or more of its stock (each, an insider) and any of certain entities affiliated with any such person (an insider’s related interest) as well as loans to insiders of affiliates and such insiders’ related interests are subject to the conditions and limitations imposed by Section 22(h) of the Federal Reserve Act and its implementing regulations. Under these restrictions, the aggregate amount of the loans to any insider and the insider’s related interests may not exceed the loans-to-one-borrower limit applicable to national banks, which is comparable to the loans-to-one-borrower limit applicable to Blue Foundry Bank’s loans. See “New Jersey Banking Regulation—Loans-to-One Borrower Limitations.” All loans by a bank to all insiders and insiders’ related interests in the aggregate may not exceed the bank’s unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus. Loans to an executive officer, other than loans for the education of the officer’s children and certain loans secured by the officer’s residence, may not exceed the lesser of (1) $100,000 or (2) the greater of $25,000 or 2.5% of the bank’s unimpaired capital and surplus. The regulations require that any proposed loan to an insider, or a related interest of that insider, be approved in advance by a majority of the Board of Directors of the bank, with any interested directors not participating in the voting, if that loan, combined with previous loans by the bank to the insider and his or her related interests, exceeds specified amounts. Generally, such loans must be made on substantially the same terms as, and follow credit underwriting procedures that are not less stringent than, those that are prevailing at the time for comparable transactions with other persons.

The regulations contain a general exception for extensions of credit made pursuant to a benefit or compensation plan of a bank that is widely available to employees of the bank and that does not give any preference to insiders of the bank over other employees.

In addition, federal law prohibits extensions of credit to a bank’s insiders and their related interests by any other institution that has a correspondent banking relationship with the bank, unless such extension of credit is on substantially the same terms as those prevailing at the time for comparable transactions with other persons and does not involve more than the normal risk of repayment or present other unfavorable features.

The New Jersey Banking Act imposes conditions and limitations on the liabilities to a savings bank of its directors and executive officers and of corporations and partnerships controlled by such persons, that are comparable in many respects to the conditions and limitations imposed on the loans and extensions of credit to insiders and their related interests under federal law, as discussed above. The New Jersey Banking Act also provides that a savings bank that is in compliance with federal law is deemed to be in compliance with such provisions of the New Jersey Banking Act.

Federal Insurance of Deposit Accounts. Blue Foundry Bank is a member of the Deposit Insurance Fund, which is administered by the FDIC. Deposit accounts in Blue Foundry Bank are insured up to a maximum of $250,000 for each separately insured depositor.

 

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The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation assesses all insured depository institutions. An institution’s assessment rate depends upon the perceived risk to the Deposit Insurance Fund of that institution, with less risky institutions paying lower rates. Currently, assessments for institutions of less than $10 billion of total assets are based on financial measures and supervisory ratings derived from statistical models estimating the probability of failure within three years. Assessment rates (inclusive of possible adjustments) currently range from 1.5 to 30 basis points of each institution’s total assets less tangible capital. The existing system represents a change, required by the Dodd-Frank Act, from the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation’s prior practice of basing the assessment on an institution’s aggregate deposits.

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation may increase or decrease the range of assessments uniformly, except that no adjustment in the risk-based assessment system may be made without notice and comment rulemaking.

Insurance of deposits may be terminated by the FDIC upon a finding that the institution has engaged in unsafe or unsound practices, is in an unsafe or unsound condition to continue operations or has violated any applicable law, regulation, rule, order or regulatory condition imposed in writing. We do not know of any practice, condition or violation that might lead to termination of Blue Foundry Bank’s deposit insurance.

Privacy Regulations. Federal law generally requires that Blue Foundry Bank disclose its privacy policy, including identifying with whom it shares a customer’s “non-public personal information,” to customers at the time of establishing the customer relationship. In addition, financial institutions are generally required to furnish their customers a privacy notice annually. However, a provision of the Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act enacted in 2015 provides an exception from the annual notice requirement if a financial institution does not share non-public personal information with non-affiliated third parties (other than as permitted under certain exceptions) and its policies and practices regarding disclosure of non-public personal information have not changed since the last distribution of its policies and practices to its customers. In addition, Blue Foundry Bank is required to provide its customers with the ability to “opt-out” of having their personal information shared with unaffiliated third parties and to not disclose account numbers or access codes to non-affiliated third parties for marketing purposes.

Community Reinvestment Act. Under the Community Reinvestment Act, or “CRA,” as implemented by FDIC, a state nonmember bank has a continuing and affirmative obligation, consistent with its safe and sound operation, to help meet the credit needs of its entire community, including low- and moderate-income neighborhoods. The CRA does not establish specific lending requirements or programs for financial institutions nor does it limit an institution’s discretion to develop the types of products and services that it believes are best suited to its particular community, consistent with the CRA. The CRA requires the FDIC, in connection with its examination of each state non-member bank, to assess the institution’s record of meeting the credit needs of its community and to take such record into account in its evaluation of certain applications by such institution, including applications to establish branches and acquire other financial institutions. The CRA requires the FDIC to provide a written evaluation of an institution’s CRA performance utilizing a four-tiered descriptive rating system. Blue Foundry Bank’s most recent FDIC CRA rating in October 2018 was “Satisfactory.”

Consumer Protection and Fair Lending Regulations. Blue Foundry Bank is subject to a variety of federal and New Jersey statutes and regulations that are intended to protect consumers and prohibit discrimination in the granting of credit. These statutes and regulations provide for a range of sanctions for non-compliance with their terms, including imposition of administrative fines and remedial orders, and referral to the Attorney General for prosecution of a civil action for actual and punitive damages and injunctive relief. Certain of these statutes, including Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act, which prohibits unfair and deceptive acts and practices against consumers, authorize private individual and class action lawsuits and the award of actual, statutory and punitive damages and attorneys’ fees for certain types of violations. Federal laws also prohibit unfair, deceptive or abusive acts or practices against consumers, which can be enforced by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, the FDIC and state attorneys general.

 

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Federal Reserve System

Federal Reserve Board regulations generally required depository institutions to maintain reserves against their transaction accounts (primarily NOW and regular checking accounts). For 2020, the regulations required that reserves be maintained against aggregate transaction accounts as follows: for that portion of transaction accounts aggregating $127.5 million or less the reserve requirement was 3.0%; amounts greater than $127.5 million required a 10.0% reserve. The first $16.9 million of otherwise reservable balances were exempted from the reserve requirements. Blue Foundry Bank was in compliance with these requirements. However, effective March 26, 2020, the Federal Reserve Board reduced the reserve requirement to 0%, thereby effectively eliminating the reserve requirement. The Federal Reserve Board did so due to a revision of its approach to monetary policy. The Federal Reserve Board has stated it has no plans to re-impose reserve requirements, but could do so if it determined conditions warranted it.

Federal Home Loan Bank System

Blue Foundry Bank is a member of the Federal Home Loan Bank System, which consists of 11 regional Federal Home Loan Banks. The Federal Home Loan Banks provide a central credit facility primarily for member institutions. Blue Foundry Bank, as a member of the Federal Home Loan Bank of New York, is required to acquire and hold shares of capital stock in the Federal Home Loan Bank of New York. Blue Foundry Bank was in compliance with this requirement at December 31, 2020.

Holding Company Regulation

Federal Holding Company Regulation. Upon completion of the conversion, Blue Foundry Bancorp will be a bank holding company registered with the Federal Reserve Board and will be subject to regulations, examination, supervision and reporting requirements applicable to bank holding companies. In addition, the Federal Reserve Board will have enforcement authority over Blue Foundry Bancorp and its non-savings bank subsidiaries. Among other things, this authority permits the Federal Reserve Board to restrict or prohibit activities that are determined to be a serious risk to the subsidiary savings bank.

A bank holding company is generally prohibited from engaging in non-banking activities, or acquiring direct or indirect control of more than 5% of the voting securities of any company engaged in non-banking activities. One of the principal exceptions to this prohibition is for activities the Federal Reserve Board had determined to be so closely related to banking or managing or controlling banks as to be a proper incident thereto. Some of the principal activities that the Federal Reserve Board has determined by regulation to be so closely related to banking are: (1) making or servicing loans; (2) performing certain data processing services; (3) providing discount brokerage services; (4) acting as fiduciary, investment or financial advisor; (5) leasing personal or real property; (6) making investments in corporations or projects designed primarily to promote community welfare; and (7) acquiring a savings and loan association whose direct and indirect activities are limited to those permitted for bank holding companies.

The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999 authorizes a bank holding company that meets specified conditions, including that its depository institution subsidiaries are “well capitalized” and “well managed,” to opt to become a “financial holding company.” A “financial holding company” may engage in a broader range of financial activities than a bank holding company. Such activities may include insurance underwriting and investment banking. Blue Foundry Bancorp has no plans to elect “financial holding company” status at this time.

 

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Capital. Federal legislation required the Federal Reserve Board to establish minimum consolidated capital requirements for bank and savings and loan holding companies that are as stringent as those applicable to their insured depository subsidiaries. However, subsequent federal legislation exempted from the applicability of the consolidated capital requirements holding companies with less than $3.0 billion in consolidated assets, unless otherwise advised by the Federal Reserve Board.

Source of Strength. Federal law provides that bank and savings and loan holding companies must act as a source of strength to their subsidiary depository institution. The expectation is that the holding company will provide capital, liquidity and other support for the institution in times of financial stress.

Stock Repurchases and Dividends. A bank holding company is generally required to give the Federal Reserve Board prior written notice of any purchase or redemption of its outstanding equity securities if the gross consideration for the purchase or redemption, when combined with the net consideration paid for all such purchases or redemptions during the preceding 12 months, is equal to 10% or more of the company’s consolidated net worth. The Federal Reserve Board may disapprove such a purchase or redemption if it determines that the proposal would constitute an unsafe and unsound practice, or would violate any law, regulation, Federal Reserve Board order or directive, or any condition imposed by, or written agreement with, the Federal Reserve Board. There is an exception to this approval requirement for well-capitalized bank holding companies that meet certain other conditions.

Additionally, under the prompt corrective action laws, the ability of a bank holding company to pay dividends may be restricted if a subsidiary bank becomes undercapitalized.

Notwithstanding the above, the Federal Reserve Board has issued a supervisory bulletin regarding the payment of dividends and repurchase or redemption of outstanding shares of stock by bank and holding companies. In general, the Federal Reserve Board’s policy is that dividends should be paid only out of current earnings and only if the prospective rate of earnings retention by the holding company appears consistent with the organization’s capital needs, asset quality and overall financial condition. The supervisory bulletin provides for prior consultation with and review of proposed dividends by the Federal Reserve Board in certain cases, such as where a proposed dividend exceeds earnings for the period for which the dividend would be paid (e.g., calendar quarter) or where the company’s net income for the past four quarters, net of dividends previously paid over that period, is insufficient to fully fund a proposed dividend.

The supervisory bulletin also indicates that a holding company should notify the Federal Reserve Board, under certain circumstances, prior to redeeming or repurchasing common stock or perpetual preferred stock. The specified circumstances include where a holding company is experiencing financial weaknesses or where the repurchase or redemption would result in a net reduction, as of the end of a quarter, in the amount of such equity instruments outstanding compared with the beginning of the quarter in which the redemption or repurchase occurred. Even outside of these circumstances, the Federal Reserve Board expects as a matter of practice to have notice and opportunity for non-objection before such an action is taken. The supervisory bulletin indicates that such notification is for purposes of allowing Federal Reserve Board supervisory review of, and possible objection to, the proposed repurchases or redemption. These regulatory policies could affect the ability of Blue Foundry Bancorp to pay dividends, engage in stock repurchases or otherwise engage in capital distributions.

Acquisition. Federal laws and regulations provide that no person may acquire control of a bank holding company, such as Blue Foundry Bancorp, without the prior non-objection or approval of the Federal Reserve Board. Control, as defined under the applicable federal regulations, includes the power, directly or indirectly, to direct the management or policies of the company or to vote 25% or more of any class of voting securities of the company. Acquisition of 10% or more of any class of a bank holding company’s voting securities constitutes a rebuttable presumption of control under certain circumstances, including where, as will be the case with Blue Foundry Bancorp, the issuer has registered securities

 

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under Section 12 of the Exchange Act. In addition, the Bank Holding Company Act provides that no company may acquire control of a bank or bank holding company within the meaning of that Act without having first obtained the approval of the Federal Reserve Board. A company that acquires control of a bank or bank holding company for purposes of the Bank Holding Company Act becomes a “bank holding company” subject to registration, examination and regulation by the Federal Reserve Board.

New Jersey law establishes similar filing and prior approval requirements as to the NJDOBI for direct or indirect acquisitions of New Jersey chartered institutions.

Federal Securities Laws

Blue Foundry Bancorp’s common stock will be registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission after the stock offering. Blue Foundry Bancorp will be subject to the information, proxy solicitation, insider trading restrictions and other requirements under the Exchange Act.

The registration under the Securities Act of shares of common stock issued in the stock offering does not cover the resale of those shares. Shares of common stock purchased by persons who are not affiliates of Blue Foundry Bancorp may be resold without registration. Shares purchased by an affiliate of Blue Foundry Bancorp will be subject to the resale restrictions of Rule 144 under the Securities Act. If Blue Foundry Bancorp meets the current public information requirements of Rule 144, each affiliate that complies with the other conditions of Rule 144, including those that require the affiliate’s sale to be aggregated with those of other persons, would be able to sell in the public market without registration, a number of shares not to exceed, in any three-month period, the greater of 1% of the outstanding shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp, or the average weekly volume of trading in the shares during the preceding four calendar weeks.

Emerging Growth Company Status. We are an emerging growth company. For as long as we continue to be an emerging growth company, we may choose to take advantage of exemptions from various reporting requirements applicable to other public companies but not to “emerging growth companies,” including, but not limited to, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a non-binding advisory vote on executive compensation and shareholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. As an emerging growth company, we also will not be subject to Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, which would require that our independent auditors review and attest as to the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting. We have also elected to use the extended transition period to delay adoption of new or revised accounting pronouncements applicable to public companies until such pronouncements are made applicable to private companies. Such an election is irrevocable during the period a company is an emerging growth company. Accordingly, our financial statements may not be comparable to the financial statements of public companies that comply with such new or revised accounting standards.

A company loses emerging growth company status on the earlier of: (1) the last day of the fiscal year of the company during which it had total annual gross revenues of $1.07 billion or more; (2) the last day of the fiscal year of the issuer following the fifth anniversary of the date of the first sale of common equity securities of the company pursuant to an effective registration statement under the Securities Act; (3) the date on which such company has, during the previous three-year period, issued more than $1.0 billion in non-convertible debt; or (4) the date on which such company is deemed to be a “large accelerated filer” under Securities and Exchange Commission regulations (generally, a “large accelerated filer” is defined as a corporation with at least $700 million of voting and non-voting equity held by non-affiliates).

 

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Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 is intended to improve corporate responsibility, provide for enhanced penalties for accounting and auditing improprieties at publicly traded companies and protect investors by improving the accuracy and reliability of corporate disclosures pursuant to the securities laws. Upon completion of the conversion, Blue Foundry Bancorp will have in place policies, procedures and systems designed to comply with these regulations, and Blue Foundry Bancorp will review and document such policies, procedures and systems to ensure continued compliance with these regulations.

The Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”)

The CARES Act, which became law on March 27, 2020, provided over $2 trillion to combat the coronavirus (COVID-19) and stimulate the economy. The law had several provisions relevant to depository institutions, including:

 

  

Allowing institutions not to characterize loan modifications relating to the COVID-19 pandemic as a troubled debt restructuring and also allowing them to suspend the corresponding impairment determination for accounting purposes.

 

  

As previously noted, temporarily reducing the community bank leverage ratio alternative available to institutions of less than $10 billion of assets to 8%.

 

  

The ability of a borrower of a federally-backed mortgage loan experiencing financial hardship due to the COVID-19 pandemic, to request forbearance from paying their mortgage. Such a forbearance could be granted for up to 180 days, subject to extension for an additional 180-day period upon the request of the borrower. During that time, no fees, penalties or interest beyond the amounts scheduled or calculated as if the borrower made all contractual payments on time and in full under the mortgage contract could accrue on the borrower’s account. Except for vacant or abandoned property, the servicer of a federally-backed mortgage was prohibited from taking any foreclosure action, including any eviction or sale action, for not less than the 60-day period beginning March 18, 2020, extended by federal mortgage-backing agencies to at least December 31, 2020.

 

  

The ability of a borrower of a multi-family federally backed mortgage loan that was current as of February 1, 2020 to submit a request for forbearance because of financial hardship during the COVID-19 emergency. A forbearance would be granted for up to 30 days, which could be extended for up to two additional 30-day periods upon the request of the borrower. Later extensions were made available, for a total of six months, for certain federally backed multi-family mortgage loans. During the time of the forbearance, the multi-family borrower could not evict or initiate the eviction of a tenant or charge any late fees, penalties or other charges to a tenant for late payment of rent. Additionally, a multi-family borrower that received a forbearance could not require a tenant to vacate a dwelling unit before a date that is 30 days after the date on which the borrower provided the tenant notice to vacate and could not issue a notice to vacate until after the expiration of the forbearance.

The Paycheck Protection Program

The CARES Act and the Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enhancement Act provided $659 billion to fund loans by depository institutions to eligible small businesses through the SBA’s 7(a) loan guaranty program. These loans are 100% federally guaranteed (principal and interest). An eligible business could apply under the PPP during the applicable covered period and receive a loan up to 2.5 times its average monthly “payroll costs” up to $10.0 million. The proceeds of the loan could be used for payroll (excluding individual employee compensation over $100,000 per year), mortgage, interest, rent, insurance, utilities and other qualifying expenses. PPP loans have: (a) an interest rate of

 

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1.0%, (b) a two-year loan term (or five-year loan term for loans made after June 5, 2020) to maturity; and (c) principal and interest payments deferred until the date on which the SBA remits the loan forgiveness amount to the lender or, alternatively, notifies the lender no loan forgiveness is allowed. The SBA guarantees 100% of the PPP loans made to eligible borrowers. The entire principal amount of the borrower’s PPP loan, including any accrued interest, is eligible to be fully reduced by the loan forgiveness amount under the PPP so long as, during the applicable loan forgiveness covered period, employee and compensation levels of the business are maintained and 60% of the loan proceeds are used for payroll expenses, with the remaining 40% of the loan proceeds used for other qualifying expenses. As of December 31, 2020, the Company had 547 PPP loans totaling $53.9 million.

On December 27, 2020, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021 (the “Relief Act”) became law and provides an additional $284 billion for the PPP, and extends the PPP through March 31, 2021. PPP changes as a result of the Relief Act include: (1) an opportunity for a second PPP forgivable loan for small businesses and nonprofits with 300 or fewer employees that can demonstrate a loss of 25 percent of gross receipts in any quarter during 2020 compared to the same quarter in 2019; (2) allowing qualified borrowers to apply for a PPP loan up to 2.5 times (or 3.5 times for small businesses in the restaurant and hospitality industries) the borrower’s average monthly payroll costs in the one-year period prior to the date on which the loan is made or calendar year 2019, limited to a loan amount of $2.0 million; (3) the addition of personal protective equipment expenses, costs associated with outdoor dining, uninsured costs related to property damaged by vandalism or looting due to 2020 public disturbances, and supplier costs as eligible and forgivable expenses; (4) simplifying the loan forgiveness process for loans of $150,000 or less; and (5) eliminating the requirement that Economic Injury Disaster Loan (EIDL) Advances will reduce the borrower’s PPP loan forgiveness amount. Additionally, expenses paid with the proceeds of PPP loans that are forgiven are now tax-deductible, reversing previous guidance from the U.S. Department of the Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service, which did not allow deductions on expenses paid for with PPP loan proceeds.

TAXATION

Federal Taxation

General. Blue Foundry Bancorp and Blue Foundry Bank are subject to federal income taxation in the same general manner as other corporations, with some exceptions discussed below. The following discussion of federal taxation is intended only to summarize material federal income tax matters and is not a comprehensive description of the tax rules applicable to Blue Foundry Bancorp and Blue Foundry Bank.

Method of Accounting. For federal income tax purposes, Blue Foundry Bank currently reports its income and expenses on the accrual method of accounting and uses a tax year ending December 31 for filing its federal income tax returns.

Net Operating Loss Carryovers. Effective with the passage of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, net operating loss carrybacks are no longer permitted, and net operating losses are allowed to be carried forward indefinitely. Net operating loss carryforwards arising from tax years beginning after January 1, 2018 are limited to offset a maximum of 80% of a future year’s taxable income. At December 31, 2020, Blue Foundry Bank had $10.0 million in net operating loss carryovers.

Capital Loss Carryovers. Generally, a financial institution may carry back capital losses to the preceding three taxable years and forward to the succeeding five taxable years. Any capital loss carryback or carryover is treated as a short-term capital loss for the year to which it is carried. As such, it is grouped with any other capital losses for the year to which carried and is used to offset any capital gains. Any loss remaining after the five-year carryover period that has not been deducted is no longer deductible. At December 31, 2020, Blue Foundry Bank had no capital loss carryovers.

 

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Corporate Dividends. We may generally exclude from our income 100% of dividends received from Blue Foundry Bank as a member of the same affiliated group of corporations.

Audit of Tax Returns. Blue Foundry Bank’s federal income tax returns and New Jersey State income tax returns have not been audited in the last three years.

State Taxation

New Jersey State Taxation. In 2014, tax legislation was enacted that changed the manner in which financial institutions and their affiliates are taxed in New Jersey. Taxable income is apportioned to New Jersey based on the location of the taxpayer’s customers, with special rules for income from certain financial transactions. The location of the taxpayer’s offices and branches are not relevant to the determination of income apportioned to New Jersey. The statutory tax rate is currently 6.5%. An alternative tax on apportioned capital, capped at $5.0 million for a tax year, is imposed to the extent that it exceeds the tax on apportioned income. The New Jersey alternative tax rate is 0.05% for 2019, 0.025% for 2020 and was completely phased out as of January 1, 2021. Qualified community banks and thrift institutions that maintain a qualified loan portfolio are entitled to a specially computed modification that reduces the income taxable to New Jersey.

Delaware State Taxation. As a Delaware business corporation, Blue Foundry Bancorp is required to file an annual report with and pay franchise taxes to the state of Delaware.

MANAGEMENT

Our Directors and Executive Officers

Directors of Blue Foundry Bancorp serve three-year staggered terms so that approximately one-third of the directors are elected at each annual meeting. The following table states our directors’ names, their ages as of December 31, 2020, the years when they began serving as directors of Blue Foundry Bank and the years when their current terms expire.

 

Name(1)

  

Position(s) Held With

Blue Foundry Bancorp and Blue

Foundry Bank

  Age  Director
Since
  Current Term
Expires

James D. Nesci

  President, Chief Executive Officer and Director  48  2019  2022

Patrick H. Kinzler

  Director  62  2012  2022

Mirella Lang

  Director  42  2020  2022

J. Christopher Ely

  Vice Chairman  64  2005  2023

Robert T. Goldstein

  Director  58  2015  2023

Kenneth Grimbilas

  Chairman of the Board  67  2011  2024

Jonathan M. Shaw

  Director  55  2010  2024

Margaret Letsche

  Director  68  2015  2024

 

 (1)

The mailing address for each person listed is 19 Park Avenue, Rutherford, New Jersey 07070.

The business experience for the past five years of each of our directors is set forth below. The biographies also contain information regarding the person’s experience, qualifications, attributes or skills that caused the board of directors to determine that the person should serve as a director. Each director is also a director of Blue Foundry Bank. Unless otherwise indicated, each individual has held his or her position for the past five years.

 

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Directors

James D. Nesci serves as President and Chief Executive Officer of Blue Foundry Bank, a position he has held since 2018. In addition, he is a board member of the New Jersey Bankers Association. Mr. Nesci has been instrumental in developing the Blue Foundry Bank brand. Prior to his role at Blue Foundry Bank, he served as Head of National Sales for TD Bank’s $20 billion U.S. wealth management business. Before joining TD Bank, Mr. Nesci served as Executive Vice President and Chief Wealth Management Officer of Provident Bank and was President of Beacon Trust, a wholly owned subsidiary of Provident Bank. Prior to this, Mr. Nesci was Chief Operating Officer with Wilmington Trust Company, National Wealth Management. Mr. Nesci earned two separate MBAs from Columbia Business School and the London Business School, respectively, as well as a BBA in Finance from Hofstra University in New York. He also has received his NACD Fellowship certificate. Mr. Nesci’s positions as President and Chief Executive Officer foster clear accountability, effective decision-making, a clear and direct channel of communication from senior management to the full Board of Directors, and alignment on corporate strategy.

Kenneth Grimbilas is the current Chairman of Blue Foundry Bank Board of Directors and has served as a Director for over 22 years. Mr. Grimbilas is the Chief Executive Officer of Tornqvist, Inc., a boutique fabrication and machine shop that has served many clients in the pharmaceuticals, government, transportation, aerospace, entertainment, and consumer goods industries. In addition, Mr. Grimbilas has been a member of the board of the Chilton Memorial Hospital Foundation, now Chilton Medical Center, part of Atlantic Health. Mr. Grimbilas’ experience provides the Board of Directors with extensive knowledge of business and operational matters and the Northeastern New Jersey market area.

J. Christopher Ely has been a Director of Blue Foundry Bank for over 22 years. Mr. Ely is President of One Madison Management Corp., a real estate management and consulting form that serves the needs of residential, commercial and industrial property owners in Northern new Jersey. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in Business Administration/ Accounting from Montclair State College, began his career with Price Waterhouse and Co. and earned a Certified Public Accounting Certification in 1981. He serves as an Assistant Treasurer for the Glen Ridge Congregational Church. Mr. Ely provides the Board of Directors with extensive knowledge of real estate and small business management experience.

Robert T. Goldstein is an Investment Advisory Representative at Astorino Financial Group, Inc. Previously, he was the President and Owner of R.J. Goldstein & Associates, Inc., an employee benefits consulting and brokerage firm, which he sold to World Insurance, LLC in 2018. Mr. Goldstein received his Bachelor of Science in Mathematics from Fairfield University. He also has received his NACD Fellowship certificate. He is a former Trustee and a Committee Member of the Glen Ridge Country Club and was previously a Board Member of Lacordaire Academy in Upper Montclair. Mr. Goldstein offers a valuable perspective and experience on employee benefits matters and with developing a successful business.

Patrick H. Kinzler is currently a Managing Principal at HLW International LLP and has previously held positions at PNC Bank, SmithKline Beecham, and KPMG Consulting. Mr. Kinzler received a Bachelor’s degree in Business Administration and Accounting from Shippensburg State University and an MBA in Finance from Temple University. Mr. Kinzler has significant banking and corporate treasury experience, which greatly assists the Board of Directors with its assessment of our risk management efforts and operational needs.

Mirella Lang is Managing Director of AQR’s Business Development team, collaborating with institutional investors throughout the United States. Prior to AQR, Ms. Lang was a Director in the Financial Institutions Group in the investment banking division at UBS, and earlier at Merrill Lynch & Co. She earned a Bachelor of Science in Accounting from Washington & Lee University and received an MBA from the University of California at Berkeley’s Haas School of Business. Ms. Lang serves on the Board of ASSIST, a non-profit organization focused on high school exchange education for exceptionally gifted international students. Ms. Lang’s experience with investment management, investment banking and the financial institutions industry brings valuable skills to our board.

 

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Margaret Letsche is retired. Prior to her retirement, Ms. Letsche was the Executive Director of 55 Kip Center, a non-profit community center for older adults. Ms. Letsche earned an Associate Degree in Business Management from Morris County Community College and a Bachelor’s degree in Psychology from Felician College. She holds professional certifications from Rutgers in Continued Education and Professional Development and is certified by the American Institute of Fitness Educators and the American Senior Fitness Association. She also has received her NACD Fellowship certificate. Ms. Letsche is a current Board Member on the Rutherford Community Blood Bank and has previously served on the Borough of Rutherford Zoning Board and the Municipal Alliance Committee. She was a founding member of the Lindsey Meyer Pumpkin Run which held an annual 5k event raising money and awareness for Cystic Fibrosis and supporting local scholarships. Ms. Letsche’s experience in our community provides valuable insight into the economic and business needs of our community, as well as insight into where we can best serve our community in other ways, including charitable donations.

Jonathan M. Shaw is President and Owner of Salon Development Corp, a regional chain of hair salons founded in 1964, and President and Owner of Lemon Tree Development, the national franchisor of Lemon Tree Hair Salons. Mr. Shaw received a Bachelor of Science from Syracuse University. He also has received his NACD Fellowship certificate. As a business owner and entrepreneur, Mr. Shaw offers a valuable perspective on developing a successful business as well as the challenges and risks an organization may face as it grows its product offerings and markets into new areas.

Executive Officers Who are Not Directors

The following sets forth information regarding our executive officers who are not directors. Age information is as of December 31, 2020. The executive officers of Blue Foundry Bancorp and Blue Foundry Bank are elected annually.

Daniel Chen, age 46, has been our Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer since May 2019. Prior to starting at Blue Foundry Bank, Mr. Chen acted as Treasurer at Cross River Bank, Managing Director at MetLife Investments, and Vice President at Morgan Stanley. Mr. Chen received a Bachelor’s degree in Economics from the University of Pennsylvania, The Wharton School and a Master’s degree in Business Administration with a Concentration in Finance and Management from Columbia Business School. He is a Certified Public Accountant in New York State.

Elizabeth Miller, age 61, has been our Executive Vice President and Chief Retail Officer since October 2018. Prior to joining Blue Foundry Bank, Ms. Miller held positions at Affinity Federal Credit Union, the largest Credit Union in New Jersey, where she was the Senior Vice President of Member Experience and Service and led the multi-state branch network, the wealth and business development teams, the central operations group and the 65 person call center. Prior to that, Ms. Miller worked at Peapack Gladstone Bank, where she was the Vice President of Retail Branch Sales and Operations. Ms. Miller has a Bachelor’s degree in Business and Marketing from Montclair State University.

Elyse D. Beidner, age 67, has been our Executive Vice President and Chief Legal Officer since 2004. Prior to joining Blue Foundry Bank, Ms. Beidner has gained more than 25 years of experience providing legal support for various financial institutions including JP Morgan Chase and Bank of America. She earned her Bachelor’s degree in French and Spanish from Goucher College, her Juris Doctor degree from Widener University School of Law, and her Masters in Corporate Law from New York University School of Law.

Brent Michael Ciurlino, age 62, has been our Executive Vice President and Chief Compliance Officer since May 2020. Previously, Mr. Ciurlino held the positions of Senior Vice President-Risk & Operations at Newtek Business Services Corp., Chief Operating & Risk Officer at Freedom Mortgage Corp., Corporate Manager for the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp., Deputy Director-Asset Management Services at Resolution Trust Corp. and Chairman, Board Compliance Committee for Patriot National Bancorp, Inc. Mr. Ciurlino received his Bachelor of Science from the University of Maine and a Master of Science from Washington State University.

 

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Michele Dowling Johnson, age 54, has been our Executive Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer since May 2020. Prior to joining Blue Foundry Bank, Ms. Johnson held senior marketing leadership positions at bluemercury, Dean & DeLuca, L’Oréal and Revlon, specializing in brand management, digital marketing and ecommerce. Ms. Johnson received a Bachelor of Science degree in Business Management from Cornell University and an MBA from Fordham University in Marketing and International Business.

Thomas Packwood, age 55, has been our Senior Vice President and Chief Audit Executive since 2011. Prior to joining Blue Foundry Bank, Mr. Packwood held senior positions at Deloitte, U.S.B. Holding Co., USA Bank, and RSM US LLP. Mr. Packwood received a Bachelor’s degree in Accounting from Villanova University and is a Certified Public Accountant. Additionally, he invented and implemented a patented quarterly Risk Assessment and Management System. Mr. Packwood serves as a volunteer at the Rutherford Community Pantry.

Acela Roselle, age 60, has been our Executive Vice President and Human Resources Director since 1999. Prior to joining Blue Foundry Bank, Ms. Roselle acted as the Employment Manager at Meadowlands Hospital Medical Center. Ms. Roselle attended The Wood Business School in New York and obtained a SHRM PHR Certification through Fairleigh Dickinson University in 2000.

Mugur Tolea, age 53, has been our Executive Vice President, Chief Technology Officer since January 2021. Prior to joining Blue Foundry Bank, Mr. Tolea was the Vice President of Technology for Search and Discoverability at Walmart eCommerce and Jet.com. Previously, his experience was built in leadership roles of VP of Engineering at Amazon, Shutterstock and Audible. Mr. Tolea holds a PhD Title “Magna Cum Laude,” in Neural Networks from the Polytechnical Institute of Grenoble, France.

Board Independence

The board of directors has determined that, except for Mr. Nesci, each member of the board of directors is an “independent director” as defined in the Nasdaq listing rules. Mr. Nesci is not considered independent because he is the President and Chief Executive Officer of Blue Foundry Bancorp and Blue Foundry Bank. In evaluating the independence of our independent directors, we found no transactions between us and our independent directors that are not required to be reported under “—Transactions with Certain Related Persons,” below, and that had an impact on our determination as to the independence of our directors.

Codes of Conduct

We have adopted a Code of Conduct that is applicable to our officers, directors and employees, including our chief executive officer, chief financial officer, or persons performing similar functions. The Code of Conduct is available on our website at www.bluefoundrybank.com. Amendments to and waivers from the Code of Conduct will also be disclosed on our website.

Transactions with Certain Related Persons

All transactions between Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ and its executive officers, directors, holders of 10% or more of the shares of its common stock and affiliates thereof, are on terms no less favorable to Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ than could have been obtained by it in arms-length negotiations with unaffiliated persons. Such transactions must be approved by a majority of the independent directors of Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ not having any interest in the transaction. In the ordinary course of business,

 

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Blue Foundry Bank makes loans available to its directors, officers and employees. The aggregate amount of our outstanding loans to our officers and directors and their related entities was approximately $82,000 at December 31, 2020. These loans are made in the ordinary course of business on substantially the same terms, including interest rate and collateral, as those prevailing at the time for comparable loans with persons not related to Blue Foundry Bank. These loans neither involve more than the normal risk of collectability nor present other unfavorable features.

Section 402 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 generally prohibits an issuer from: (1) extending or maintaining credit; (2) arranging for the extension of credit; or (3) renewing an extension of credit in the form of a personal loan for an officer or director. There are several exceptions to this general prohibition, one of which is applicable to Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act does not apply to loans made by a depository institution that is insured by the FDIC and is subject to the insider lending restrictions of the Federal Reserve Act. All loans to Blue Foundry Bank’s directors and officers are made in conformity with the Federal Reserve Act and applicable regulations.

In accordance with the listing standards of the Nasdaq Stock Market, any transactions that would be required to be reported under this section of this Prospectus must be reviewed by our audit committee or another independent body of the board of directors. In addition, any transaction with a director is reviewed by and subject to approval of the members of the board of directors who are not directly involved in the proposed transaction to confirm that the transaction is on terms that are no less favorable as those that would be available to us from an unrelated party through an arms-length transaction.

Committees of the Board of Directors

We conduct business through meetings of our board of directors and its committees. The board of directors of Blue Foundry Bancorp has established standing committees, including a Compensation Committee, an Audit Committee and a Nominating/Corporate Governance Committee. Each of these committees operates under a written charter, which governs its composition, responsibilities and operations. Blue Foundry also has standing committees of its board of directors.

The table below sets forth the directors of each of the listed standing committees. Each member of each committee meets the Nasdaq and the Securities and Exchange Commission independence requirements for such committee. The board of directors has determined that J. Christopher Ely will qualify as an “audit committee financial expert” as such term is defined by the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

Audit Committee

  

Compensation Committee

  

Nominating/Corporate

Governance Committee

J. Christopher Ely (Chair)  Robert T. Goldstein (Chair)  Jonathan M. Shaw (Chair)
Kenneth Grimbilas  J. Christopher Ely  Robert T. Goldstein
Patrick H. Kinzler  Kenneth Grimbilas  Kenneth Grimbilas
Mirella Lang  Margaret Letsche  Margaret Letsche
  Jonathan M. Shaw  

 

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Summary Compensation Table. The table below summarizes the total compensation paid to or earned by our President and Chief Executive Officer, James D. Nesci, Daniel Chen, who serves as our Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer and Elizabeth Miller, who serves as our Executive Vice President, Chief Retail Officer, for the year ended December 31, 2020. Each of these individuals is referred to as a Named Executive Officer.

 

Summary Compensation Table

 

Name and principal position

  Year   Salary
($)
   Bonus
($)
   Non-Equity
Incentive
Compensation

($)
   All Other
Compensation
($)(1)
   Total
($)
 

James D. Nesci

President and Chief Executive Officer

   2020    697,308    —      151,646    107,747    956,701 

Daniel Chen

Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

   2020    373,654    —      61,302    18,315    453,271 

Elizabeth Miller

Executive Vice President and Chief Retail Officer

   2020    324,462    —      36,564    20,198    381,224 

 

 

(1)

The compensation represented by the amounts for 2020 set forth in the “All Other Compensation” column for the Named Executive Officers is detailed in the following table:

 

   401(k) Plan
Matching
Contributions
   SERP
Contributions
   Automobile
Usage
   Country
Club
Membership
   Life
Insurance
Premiums
   Total All
Other
Compensation
 

James D. Nesci

  $19,500   $55,800   $12,600   $18,712   $ 1,135   $107,747 

Daniel Chen

  $17,747   $—     $—     $—     $568   $18,315 

Elizabeth Miller

  $18,051   $—     $—     $—     $2,147   $20,198 

Employment Agreement. Blue Foundry Bank has entered into an employment agreement with Mr. Nesci. The employment agreement has an initial term of three years that ends on January 1, 2024. The initial term of the employment agreement will extend automatically for one additional year on each anniversary of the effective date of the agreement, so that the remaining term is again three years, unless either Blue Foundry Bank or Mr. Nesci give notice to the other party of non-renewal. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in the event Blue Foundry Bancorp or Blue Foundry Bank enters into a transaction that would constitute a change in control, as defined under the employment agreement, the term of the agreement will automatically extend so that it would expire no less than three years following the effective date of the change in control.

The employment agreement specifies Mr. Nesci’s base salary, which initially will be $700,000. The Board of Directors or the Compensation Committee of Blue Foundry Bank will review Mr. Nesci’s salary no less than annually and may increase, but not decrease, Mr. Nesci’s base salary. In addition to the base salary, the agreement provides that Mr. Nesci will participate in an annual bonus plan with a target amount determined annually that is not less than [    ]% of his base salary. Mr. Nesci is also eligible to participate in Blue Foundry’s long-term incentive plan. Mr. Nesci is also entitled to participate in all employee benefit plans arrangements and perquisites offered to employees and officers of Blue Foundry Bank and the reimbursement of reasonable business expenses incurred in the performance of his duties with Blue Foundry Bank. Blue Foundry Bank will also provide Mr. Nesci with an annual automobile allowance of $1,100 per month and an annual country club membership allowance of $22,050. Both the automobile and country club membership allowances will increase by 5% each year.

 

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Blue Foundry Bank may terminate Mr. Nesci’s employment, or Mr. Nesci may resign from his employment, at any time with or without good reason. In the event Blue Foundry Bank terminates Mr. Nesci’s employment without cause or Mr. Nesci voluntary resigns for “good reason” (i.e., a “qualifying termination event”), Blue Foundry Bank will pay Mr. Nesci a severance payment equal to the greater of (i) the sum of one times Mr. Nesci’s base salary plus the target amount of the annual incentive bonus (as set by the Board of Directors or the Compensation Committee for the calendar year in which Mr. Nesci’s termination occurs) or (ii) the sum of Mr. Nesci’s base salary that would have been paid during the remaining term of the employment agreement, plus the target amount of the annual incentive bonus that would have been paid during the remaining term of the employment agreement. The severance payment will be paid as salary continuation in substantially equal installments over the twelve-month period following the date of Mr. Nesci’s termination of employment. In addition, if Mr. Nesci elects continued bank-provided group health plan coverage pursuant to the Consolidated Omnibus Reconciliation Act of 1985, as amended (“COBRA”), Blue Foundry Bank will reimburse him for the monthly COBRA premium less the active employee premium for the coverage. Mr. Nesci must sign a general release of claims to receive the severance payment. A “good reason” condition for purposes of the employment agreement includes a material reduction in base salary or target bonus opportunity, a material reduction in authority, duties or responsibilities associated with the executive’s position with Blue Foundry Bank, a relocation of the executive’s principal place of employment resulting in the executive performing his services outside of certain counties listed in the employment agreement.

If a qualifying termination event occurs following a change in control of Blue Foundry Bancorp or Blue Foundry Bank, Mr. Nesci would be entitled to (in lieu of the payments and benefits described in the previous paragraph) a severance payment equal to three times the sum of (i) Mr. Nesci’s base salary, plus (ii) the greater of Mr. Nesci’s highest actual annual incentive bonus for the three calendar years immediately preceding his termination of employment or the target amount of the annual incentive bonus set by the Board of Directors or the Compensation Committee for the calendar year in which his termination occurs. If Mr. Nesci’s termination of employment occurs within two years after the change in control, the severance will be paid in one lump-sum payment on the next pay date that is at least seven days following his termination. In addition, if Mr. Nesci elects continued bank-provided group health plan coverage pursuant to COBRA, Blue Foundry Bank will reimburse him for the monthly COBRA premium less the active employee premium for the coverage. The conversion of Blue Foundry, MHC from the mutual to stock form and contemporaneous stock offering of Blue Foundry Bancorp are not considered a change in control for purposes of the employment agreement.

The employment agreement terminates upon Mr. Nesci’s death. Also, upon termination of employment (other than a termination in connection with a change in control), Mr. Nesci will be required to adhere to one-year non-competition and non-solicitation restrictions set forth in his employment agreement.

Change in Control Agreements. Blue Foundry Bank has entered into a Change in Control Agreement with Daniel Chen and Elizabeth Miller. The change in control agreements have a term of one year that extends each day by one day until either party gives the other notice of non-renewal. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in the event Blue Foundry Bancorp or Blue Foundry Bank enters into a transaction that would constitute a change in control, as defined under the change in control agreements, the term of the agreements will automatically extend so that they would expire no sooner than one year following the effective date of the change in control.

Upon termination of the executive’s employment by Blue Foundry Bank without “cause” or by the executive with “good reason” on or after the effective date of a change in control of Blue Foundry Bank or Blue Foundry Bancorp, the executive would be entitled to a severance payment equal to one time the

 

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sum of the executive’s: (i) base salary in effect as of the date of his termination or immediately prior to the change in control, whichever is higher; and (ii) the highest annual cash bonus earned for the three most recently completed performance periods prior to the change in control. The severance will be paid in a lump sum within 30 days following the executive’s date of termination. In addition, the executive would receive twelve consecutive monthly cash payments equal to the executive’s monthly COBRA premium.

A “good reason” condition for purposes of the change in control agreements includes a material reduction in base salary, a material reduction in authority, duties or responsibilities associated with the executive’s position with Blue Foundry Bank, a relocation of the executive’s principal place of employment resulting in an increase in the executive’s commute by 30 miles or more.

Annual Incentive Plan.    Blue Foundry Bank has instituted an Annual Incentive Plan as a short-term incentive plan for our executive officers to incentivize personal performance in conjunction with Blue Foundry Bank’s overall performance. Payments under the Annual Incentive Plan are based on both Blue Foundry Bank’s overall performance and the executive’s personal performance. For the year ended December 31, 2020, Messrs. Nesci and Chen received an Annual Incentive Plan payment of $151,646 and $61,302, respectively, and Ms. Miller received an Annual Incentive Plan payment of $36,564, representing 23%, 16% and 11% of their 2020 base salaries, respectively.

Long-Term Incentive Plan.    Blue Foundry Bank’s Long-Term Incentive Plan (“LTIP”) is a compensation plan designed to link incentive compensation for certain executive officers. The LTIP evaluates certain performance measures of Blue Foundry Bank over a three-year period. Each year, the Compensation Committee will determine the performance triggers at threshold, target and maximum incentive targets. The Compensation Committee will also determine the weighting of each performance measure. The Compensation Committee may also determine certain metrics that may result in the upward or downward adjustment of awards. The Compensation Committee may amend, modify or discontinue the LTIP at any time and may make appropriate adjustments to established performance metrics based on changing business, market and economic conditions. A participant in the LTIP must be employed on the date awards are paid or the participant will otherwise forfeit the award. None of the Named Executive Officers had received an award or payout under the LTIP as of December 31, 2020.

Deferred Compensation Plan. Blue Foundry Bank has entered into an Executive Deferred Compensation Agreement with Mr. Nesci (the “Deferred Compensation Agreement”). Under the Deferred Compensation Agreement, each year Blue Foundry Bank will credit a contribution of at least $50,000 to an account for the benefit of Mr. Nesci. The amounts credited to the account will earn an annual rate interest equal to the Prime Rate (as reported in the Wall Street Journal on the first business day of the year) plus two percent (2%), compounded monthly. The Board of Directors may, in its discretion, change the rate used to credit interest on the account from time to time. Mr. Nesci is always 100% vested in his account under the Deferred Compensation Agreement. Mr. Nesci generally will become entitled to a lump sum distribution of his account under the plan within 30 days following a separation from service. If Mr. Nesci dies prior to receiving a distribution from the plan, his beneficiary will be entitled to receive the account balance in a single lump sum payment. In certain situations that would constitute an unforeseeable emergency, Mr. Nesci may be entitled to receive an in-service distribution of a portion of his account under the Deferred Compensation Agreement.

401(k) Plan. Blue Foundry Bank maintains the Blue Foundry Bank 401(k) Plan, a tax-qualified defined contribution plan for eligible employees (the “401(k) Plan”). The named executive officers are eligible to participate in the 401(k) Plan on the same terms as other eligible employees of Blue Foundry Bank. Eligible employees who are at least 18 years of age will become participants for purposes of making elective deferrals and receiving safe-harbor matching contributions as of the first day of the first month following the date they begin employment with Blue Foundry Bank.

 

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Under the 401(k) Plan, a participant may elect to defer, on a pre-tax basis, the maximum amount of compensation permitted by the Internal Revenue Code. For 2021, the salary deferral contribution limit is $19,500, provided, however, that a participant over age 50 may contribute an additional $6,500 to the 401(k) Plan for a total of $26,000. In addition to salary deferral contributions, Blue Foundry Bank makes safe harbor matching contributions equal to 100% of a participant’s salary deferrals, up to 4% of the participant’s compensation, and 50% of a participant’s salary deferrals that exceed 4% but do not exceed 6% of the participant’s compensation. A participant is always 100% vested in his or her salary deferral contributions and safe-harbor matching contributions.

Blue Foundry Bank may also make other discretionary matching contributions and other discretionary employer contributions to the 401(k) Plan, including profit sharing contributions, which vest based on a participant’s years of service at the rate of 0% through three years of service and 100% after completing three years of service. Eligible employees must be 18 years of age and complete 12 months of service (in which they complete at least 1,000 hours of service) to receive profit sharing contributions under the 401(k) Plan.

Generally, unless the participant elects otherwise, the participant’s account balance will be distributed as a result of the participant’s termination of employment. Blue Foundry Bank intends to allow participants in the 401(k) plan to use up to 50% of their account balances in the 401(k) Plan to subscribe for stock in the offering.    Expense recognized in connection with the 401(k) Plan totaled approximately $1,367,074 for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020, comprised of $670,374 of 401k matching contributions and $696,700 in profit sharing contributions.

Defined Benefit Pension Plan. Blue Foundry Bank participates in a multiple employer defined benefit pension plan (the “Pension Plan”). Effective as of May 1, 2020, the plan was amended so that no new employees would become eligible to participate in the plan and the annual benefit provided to employees under the Pension Plan was frozen. Freezing the Pension Plan eliminated all future benefit accruals; however, the accrued benefits as of December 31, 2020, remain. During the year ended December 31, 2020, Blue Foundry Bank recognized $1,727,192 as a Pension Plan expense. Assuming completion of the conversion and stock offering, Blue Foundry Bank may pursue withdrawal as a participant from the Pension Plan during 2021. Based on estimates provided in July 2020, the total cost (pre-tax) to withdraw from the plan could range between $12.0 million and $22.0 million. Because the costs of a withdrawal from this plan would be primarily dependent on the value of the plan’s assets and applicable interest rates at the time of our withdrawal, we will not know the actual costs associated with a withdrawal from the plan until the date of the withdrawal, which we anticipate would be no sooner than the latter half of 2021. The actual cost could be significantly higher than the estimated cost provided by the plan administrator.

Employee Stock Ownership Plan. In connection with the conversion, Blue Foundry Bank intends to adopt an employee stock ownership plan for eligible employees. The named executive officers will be eligible to participate in the employee stock ownership plan on the same terms as other eligible employees. Eligible employees will begin participation in the employee stock ownership plan on the later of the effective date of the conversion or upon the first entry date commencing on or after the eligible employee’s completion of one year of service and attainment of age 18.

The employee stock ownership plan trustee is expected to purchase, on behalf of the employee stock ownership plan, 8.0% of the total number of shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock issued in the conversion. We anticipate the employee stock ownership plan will fund its stock purchase with a loan from Blue Foundry Bancorp equal to the aggregate purchase price of the common stock. The trustee will repay the loan principally through Blue Foundry Bank’s contributions to the employee stock ownership plan and any dividends payable on common stock held by the employee stock ownership plan over the anticipated 25-year term of the loan. The interest rate for the employee stock ownership plan loan is expected to equal the prime rate, as published in The Wall Street Journal, on the closing date of the offering. See “Pro Forma Data.”

 

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The trustee will hold the shares purchased by the employee stock ownership plan in an unallocated suspense account, and shares will be released from the suspense account on a pro-rata basis as the trustee repays the loan. The trustee will allocate the shares released among participants’ accounts on the basis of each participant’s proportional share of compensation relative to all participants. A participant will vest in his or her account balance based on his or her years of service with the bank, at the rate of 20% per year though the first five years of service, so that the participant will be 100% vested after completing five years of service. Participants who are employed by Blue Foundry Bank immediately prior to the closing of the offering will receive credit for vesting purposes for years of service prior to adoption of the employee stock ownership plan. Participants also will automatically become fully vested upon attainment of their normal retirement age (age 65), death or disability, a change in control, or termination of the employee stock ownership plan. Generally, participants will receive distributions from the employee stock ownership plan upon terminating employment in accordance with the terms of the plan document. The employee stock ownership plan reallocates any unvested shares forfeited upon a participant’s termination of employment among the remaining participants.

The employee stock ownership plan will permit participants to direct the trustee as to how to vote the shares of common stock allocated to their accounts. The trustee will vote unallocated shares and allocated shares for which participants do not timely provide instructions on any matter in the same ratio as those shares for which participants provide timely instructions, subject to fulfillment of the trustee’s fiduciary responsibilities.

Under applicable accounting requirements, Blue Foundry Bank will record a compensation expense for the employee stock ownership plan at the fair market value of the shares as they are committed to be released from the unallocated suspense account, which may be more or less than the original issue price. The compensation expense resulting from the release of the common stock from the suspense account and allocation to the accounts of plan participants will result in a corresponding reduction in the earnings of Blue Foundry Bancorp.

The following table sets forth for the year ended December 31, 2020 certain information as to the total remuneration we paid to our directors other than James D. Nesci:

 

Directors Compensation Table for the Year Ended December 31, 2020

 

Name

  Fees Earned
or Paid in
Cash

($)
   All Other
Compensation(1) ($)
   Total
($)
 

J. Christopher Ely

   87,000    —      87,000 

Kenneth Grimbilas

   98,500    1,055    99,555 

Robert T. Goldstein

   82,500    —      82,500 

Patrick H. Kinzler

   75,000    —      75,000 

Mirella Lang(2)

   4,250      4,250 

Margaret Letsche

   75,500    —      75,000 

Jonathan M. Shaw

   75,000    —      75,500 

 

 (1)

Represents payments medical premiums on behalf of Mr. Grimbilas.

 (2)

Ms. Lang was appointed to the Board of Directors on December 16, 2020.

Director Fees

Directors currently receive a base annual retainer of $51,000. In addition, the Chairman of the Board receives an additional annual retainer of $15,000. The Chairs of the Audit Committee, Nominating/Governance Committee, Compensation Committee, Risk Committee and Strategy Committee receive additional annual retainers of $20,000, $11,500, $12,000, $13,500 and $11,000, respectively. Members of the Audit Committee, Nominating/Governance Committee, Compensation Committee, Risk Committee and Strategy Committee receive additional annual retainers of $10,500, $6,000, $7,000, $6,000 and $3,000, respectively.

 

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Each person who will serve as a director of Blue Foundry Bancorp will also serve as a director of Blue Foundry Bank and will initially earn a fee only in his capacity as a board member of Blue Foundry Bank. Upon completion of the conversion, additional director fees may be paid for Blue Foundry Bancorp director meetings, although no such determination has been made at this time.

Director Emeritus Plan

Blue Foundry Bank maintains separate Restated Director Retirement Plans with Messrs. Ely and Grimbilas. Under the plans, if a director retires after having attained age 70 and completing ten years of continuous service, he will receive a monthly benefit equal to the monthly base board fee the director was receiving prior to terminating service with the board of directors. The benefit will be paid for the greater of the director’s life or five years, provided, however, that if the director dies within five years of terminating service with the board of directors, his beneficiary will continue to receive the monthly payments until the end of the five-year period. The director will be entitled to the same benefit if he terminates service on account of becoming disabled if he has completed ten years of continuous service.

Director Retirement Plan II

Blue Foundry Bank maintains the Boiling Springs Savings Bank Director Retirement Plan II for eligible directors (i.e., a “participant”) who are not grandfathered under the Director Emeritus Plan. Under the Director Retirement Plan, a participant who terminates service after completing ten years of continuous service on the Board of Directors (other than on account of disability, death or a change in control) will receive an annual benefit equal to $25,000 (paid in substantially monthly installments, for ten years). Blue Foundry Bank will begin making the payments to the participant on the first business day of the month following the later of (i) the day the participant attains age 70 or (ii) the day the participant terminates service. If the participant terminates service on account of disability prior to attaining age 70 but after having completed ten continuous years of service, he or she will receive the same benefit described above, except that the payments will start on the first business day of the month following the participant’s termination of service.    If a participant experiences a termination of service within two years following a change in control, the participant will receive the present value of the benefit described above paid in a lump sum within thirty days following the participant’s termination of service. In addition, any participant (or beneficiary) who is in pay status at the time of a change in control will receive a lump sum payment of their remaining benefit within thirty days following the change in control. If a participant dies while in active service after having completed ten years of service his or her beneficiary will receive the present value of the normal retirement benefit within thirty days of the participant’s death. If a participant has completed ten years of continuous service and dies after terminating service but prior to attaining age 70 (and before beginning to receive benefit payments), his or her beneficiary will receive the same death benefit described above for participants who die while in service after having completed ten years of service. If a participant dies while receiving benefits, his or her beneficiary will receive the present value of the remaining benefits in a lump sum within thirty days of the participant’s death. Currently, Messrs. Goldstein, Kinzler and Shaw and Ms. Letsche have been designated as eligible directors to participate in the Director Retirement Plan.

Benefits to be Considered Following Completion of the Stock Offering

Following the stock offering, we intend to implement one or more stock-based benefit plans that will provide for grants of stock options and restricted common stock awards. According to applicable regulations, if implemented within the first year after the offering, we anticipate that the plan will authorize a number of stock options and a number of shares of restricted stock, not to exceed 10% and 4%, respectively, of the outstanding shares of common stock of Blue Foundry Bancorp at the completion of the offering, including shares contributed to the charitable foundation. These limitations will not apply if the plan is implemented more than one year after the consummation date of the conversion.

 

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The stock-based benefit plans will not be implemented sooner than six months after the offering and, if implemented within one year after the stock offering, the plans must be approved by a majority of the votes eligible to be cast by our shareholders. If stock-based benefit plans are established more than one year after the offering is completed, they must be approved by a majority of votes cast by shareholders.

Certain additional restrictions would apply to our stock-based benefit plans if implemented within one year after completion of the offering, including:

 

  

non-employee directors in the aggregate may not receive more than 30% of the options and shares of restricted common stock authorized under the plans;

 

  

no non-employee director may receive more than 5% of the options and restricted stock awards authorized under the plans;

 

  

no employee may receive more than 25% of the options and restricted stock awards authorized under the plans;

 

  

the options and shares of restricted common stock may not vest more rapidly than 20% per year, beginning on the first anniversary of shareholder approval of the plans; and

 

  

accelerated vesting is not permitted except for death, disability or upon a change in control of Blue Foundry Bancorp or Blue Foundry Bank.

These restrictions do not apply to plans adopted after one year following the completion of the stock offering.

We have not yet determined whether we will present stock-based benefit plans for shareholder approval within one year or more than one year following the completion of the offering. If applicable regulations or policies regarding stock-based benefit plans change, including any regulations or policies restricting the size of awards and vesting of benefits as described above, the restrictions described above may not be applicable.

We may obtain the shares needed for our stock-based benefit plans by issuing additional shares of common stock from authorized but unissued shares or by repurchasing shares of our common stock.

The actual value of the shares awarded under stock-based benefit plans would be based in part on the price of Blue Foundry Bancorp’s common stock at the time the shares are awarded. The following table presents the total value of all shares of restricted stock that would be available for issuance under the stock-based benefit plans, assuming the shares are awarded when the market price of our common stock ranges from $6.00 per share to $12.00 per share.

 

Share Price

  744,000 Shares
Awarded at Minimum
of Offering Range
   870,000 Shares
Awarded at Midpoint

of Offering Range
   996,000 Shares
Awarded at Maximum
of Offering Range
   1,140,900 Shares
Awarded at

Adjusted Maximum
of Offering Range
 
(In thousands, except share price information) 

$ 6.00

  $ 4,464   $5,220   $5,976   $6,845 

   8.00

   5,952    6,960    7,968    9,127 

 10.00

   7,440    8,700    9,960    11,409 

 12.00

   8,928    10,440    11,952    13,691 

The grant-date fair value of the options granted under the stock-based benefit plans will be based in part on the price of shares of common stock of Blue Foundry Bancorp at the time the options are

 

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granted. The value also will depend on the various assumptions utilized in the option pricing model ultimately adopted. The following table presents the total estimated value of the options to be available for grant under the stock-based benefit plans, assuming the market price and exercise price for the stock options are equal and the range of market prices for the shares is $6.00 per share to $12.00 per share. The Black-Scholes option pricing model provides an estimate only of the fair value of the options, and the actual value of the options may differ significantly from the value set forth in this table.

 

Exercise Price

  Grant-Date Fair
Value Per Option
   1,860,000 Options
at Minimum of
Offering Range
   2,175,000 Options
at Midpoint of
Offering Range
   2,490,000Options
at Maximum of
Offering Range
   2,852,250 Options
at Adjusted
Maximum of
Offering Range
 
(In thousands, except exercise price and fair value information) 
$ 6.00  $ 1.90   $ 3,538   $ 4,137   $ 4,736   $5,425 
8.00   2.54    4,717    5,516    6,315    7,233 
10.00   3.17    5,896    6,895    7,893    9,042 
12.00   3.80    7,075    8,274    9,472    10,850 

The tables presented above are provided for informational purposes only. There can be no assurance that our stock price will not trade below $10.00 per share. Before you make an investment decision, we urge you to read this prospectus carefully, including, but not limited to, the section entitled “Risk Factors” beginning on page 18.

 

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SUBSCRIPTIONS BY DIRECTORS AND EXECUTIVE OFFICERS

The table below sets forth, for each of Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ’s directors and executive officers, including their associates, and for all of these individuals as a group, the proposed purchases of subscription shares. In the event of an oversubscription by eligible account holders, directors and executive officers may not be able to purchase the amount of shares listed below. If the individual maximum purchase limitation is increased, persons subscribing for the maximum amount may increase their purchase order. See “The Conversion and Stock Offering—Additional Limitations on Common Stock Purchases.” Directors and executive officers will purchase shares of common stock at the same $10.00 purchase price per share and on the same terms as other purchasers in the stock offering. This table excludes shares of common stock to be purchased by the employee stock ownership plan, as well as any stock awards or stock option grants that may be made no earlier than six months after the completion of the stock offering. Purchases by directors, executive officers and their associates will be included in determining whether the required minimum number of shares has been subscribed for in the stock offering. The shares being acquired by the directors, executive officers and their associates are being acquired for investment purposes, and not with a view towards resale.

 

   Proposed Purchases of Stock in
the Stock Offering(1)
 

Name of Beneficial Owner

  Number of
Shares
  Amount 

Board of Directors

   

James D. Nesci

   40,000  $400,000 

Kenneth Grimbilas

   40,000   400,000 

J. Christopher Ely

   25,000   250,000 

Robert T. Goldstein

   35,000   350,000 

Patrick H. Kinzler

   30,000   300,000 

Mirella Lang

   7,500   75,000 

Margaret Letsche

   40,000   400,000 

Jonathan M. Shaw

   30,000   300,000 

Executive Officers

   

Elyse D. Beidner

   17,500   175,000 

Daniel Chen

   30,000   300,000 

Brent Michael Ciurlino

   15,000   150,000 

Michele Dowling Johnson

   10,000   100,000 

Elizabeth Miller

   25,000   250,000 

Acela Roselle

   20,000   200,000 

Mugur Tolea

   40,000   400,000 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total for Directors and Executive Officers

   405,000 (2)  $4,050,000 

 

 (1)

Includes proposed subscriptions, if any, by associates.

 (2)

At the minimum and adjusted maximum of the offering range, directors and executive officers would beneficially own 2.3% and 1.5% of our outstanding shares of common stock, respectively.

 

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THE CONVERSION AND STOCK OFFERING

The boards of directors of Blue Foundry, MHC and Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ have approved the plan of conversion. The plan of conversion must also be approved by the depositors of Blue Foundry, MHC (depositors of Blue Foundry Bank). A special meeting of the depositors has been called for this purpose. We have filed applications with the Federal Reserve Board and the NJDOBI with respect to the conversion and with respect to Blue Foundry Bancorp becoming the holding company for Blue Foundry Bank, and the approval of the Federal Reserve Board is required before we can consummate the conversion and issue shares of common stock. Any approval by the Federal Reserve Board does not constitute a recommendation or endorsement of the plan of conversion.

General

The boards of directors of Blue Foundry, MHC and Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ have adopted the plan of conversion. Pursuant to the plan of conversion, our organization will convert from the mutual holding company form of organization to the fully stock form of organization. Blue Foundry, MHC will be merged into Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ, and Blue Foundry, MHC will no longer exist. Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ, which owns 100% of Blue Foundry Bank, will be merged into a new Delaware corporation named Blue Foundry Bancorp. When the conversion is completed, all of the outstanding common stock of Blue Foundry Bank will be owned by Blue Foundry Bancorp, and all of the outstanding common stock of Blue Foundry Bancorp will be owned by public shareholders. Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ and Blue Foundry, MHC will cease to exist. Blue Foundry Bank also intends to form a charitable foundation, Blue Foundry Foundation, and fund it with 750,000 shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock at the completion of the stock offering and $1.5 million in cash.    

We intend to retain between $50.0 million and $73.7 million ($87.3 at the adjusted maximum of the offering range) of the net proceeds of the stock offering and to invest between $87.5 million and $118.7 million ($136.7 at the adjusted maximum of the offering range) of the net proceeds in Blue Foundry Bank. The conversion will be consummated only upon the issuance of at least the minimum number of shares of our common stock offered pursuant to the plan of conversion.

The plan of conversion provides that we will offer shares of common stock for sale in the subscription offering to eligible account holders, our tax-qualified employee benefit plans, including our employee stock ownership plan, supplemental account holders and other depositors. In addition, we may offer common stock for sale in a community offering to members of the general public, with a preference given in the following order:

 

 (i)

Natural persons (including trusts of natural persons) residing in Bergen, Morris, Passaic, Essex and Hudson Counties, New Jersey; and

 

 (ii)

Other members of the general public.

We have the right to accept or reject, in whole or in part, any orders to purchase shares of the common stock received in the community offering. The community offering may begin concurrently with, during or after the subscription offering and must be completed within 45 days after the completion of the subscription offering unless otherwise extended by the Federal Reserve Board. See “—Community Offering.” Any shares of common stock not purchased in the subscription or community offerings may be offered to the public in a syndicated community offering, or, in a separate firm commitment underwritten public offering. See “—Syndicated Community Offering or Firm Commitment Underwritten Offering.”

We determined the number of shares of common stock to be offered in the stock offering based upon an independent valuation appraisal of the estimated pro forma market value of Blue Foundry Bancorp. All shares of common stock to be sold in the stock offering will be sold at $10.00 per share. Investors will not be charged a commission to purchase shares of common stock. The independent valuation will be updated and the final number of shares of common stock to be issued in the stock offering will be determined at the completion of the stock offering. See “—Stock Pricing and Number of Shares to be Issued” for more information as to the determination of the estimated pro forma market value of the common stock.

 

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The following is a brief summary of the conversion and stock offering and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the provisions of the plan of conversion. A copy of the plan of conversion is available for inspection at each branch office of Blue Foundry Bank. The plan of conversion is also filed as an exhibit to Blue Foundry, MHC’s application to convert from mutual to stock form of which this prospectus is a part, copies of which may be obtained from the Federal Reserve Board. The plan of conversion is also filed as an exhibit to the registration statement we have filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, of which this prospectus is a part. Copies of the registration statement may be obtained from the Securities and Exchange Commission or online at the Securities and Exchange Commission’s website, www.sec.gov. See “Where You Can Find Additional Information.”

Reasons for the Conversion and Stock Offering

Our primary reasons for the conversion and the stock offering are to:

 

  

raise capital to support internal growth through lending and deposit gathering in the communities we serve;

 

  

enhance existing products and services, and support the development of new products and services to support growth and enhance customer service;

 

  

attract and retain qualified directors, management and employees through equity ownership and stock-based compensation plans;

 

  

raise capital to make necessary capital investments in facilities and technology to support our internal growth;

 

  

increase philanthropic endeavors to the communities served by Blue Foundry Bank through the formation and funding of a charitable foundation;

 

  

facilitate future mergers and acquisitions; and

 

  

use the additional capital for other general corporate purposes.

In the public stock holding company structure, we will have greater flexibility in structuring mergers and acquisitions. Our current structure prevents us from offering shares of common stock as consideration for a merger or acquisition. Potential sellers often want stock for at least part of the acquisition consideration. Our new public holding company structure will enable us to offer stock or cash consideration, or a combination thereof, and will therefore enhance our ability to compete with other bidders when acquisition opportunities arise.

We have no current arrangements or agreements to acquire other banks, thrifts, credit unions, financial service companies or branch offices. However, we have considered, and will continue to consider other potential acquisitions as opportunities arise.

We believe that the additional capital raised in the stock offering may enable us to take advantage of business opportunities that may not otherwise be available to us.

 

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Approvals Required

The affirmative vote of a majority of the total votes eligible to be cast by the depositors of Blue Foundry, MHC (depositors of Blue Foundry Bank) is required to approve the plan of conversion and a majority of total votes eligible to be cast by depositors is required to approve the establishment and funding of the charitable foundation. By their approval of the plan of conversion, the depositors of Blue Foundry, MHC will also be approving the merger of Blue Foundry, MHC into Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ. We have filed applications with the Federal Reserve Board with respect to the conversion and with respect to Blue Foundry Bancorp becoming the holding company for Blue Foundry Bank, and the approval of the Federal Reserve Board is required before we can consummate the conversion and issue shares of common stock.

Effects of Conversion

Continuity. The conversion will not affect the normal business of Blue Foundry Bank of accepting deposits and making loans. Blue Foundry Bank will continue to be a New Jersey-chartered savings bank and will continue to be regulated by the NJDOBI and the FDIC. After the conversion, Blue Foundry Bank will continue to offer existing services to depositors, borrowers and other customers. The directors of Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ serving at the time of the conversion will be the directors of Blue Foundry Bancorp upon the completion of the conversion.

Effect on Deposit Accounts. Pursuant to the plan of conversion, each depositor of Blue Foundry Bank at the time of the conversion will automatically continue as a depositor after the conversion, and the deposit balance, interest rate and other terms of such deposit accounts will not change as a result of the conversion. Each such account will be insured by the FDIC to the same extent as before the conversion. Depositors will continue to hold their existing certificates, passbooks and other evidences of their accounts.

Effect on Loans. No loan outstanding from Blue Foundry Bank will be affected by the conversion, and the amount, interest rate, maturity and security for each loan will remain as it was contractually fixed prior to the conversion.

Effect on Voting Rights of Depositors. At present, all depositors of Blue Foundry Bank have voting rights in Blue Foundry, MHC as to all matters requiring depositor approval. Upon completion of the conversion, depositors will cease to have any voting rights. Upon completion of the conversion, all voting rights in Blue Foundry Bank will be vested in Blue Foundry Bancorp as the sole shareholder of Blue Foundry Bank.    The shareholders of Blue Foundry Bancorp will possess exclusive voting rights with respect to Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock.

Tax Effects. We have received an opinion of counsel with regard to the federal income tax consequences of the conversion and an opinion of our tax advisor with regard to the state income tax consequences of the conversion to the effect that the conversion will not be a taxable transaction for federal or state income tax purposes to Blue Foundry, MHC, Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ, Blue Foundry Bank, eligible account holders, supplemental eligible account holders or other depositors. See “—Material Income Tax Consequences.”

Effect on Liquidation Rights. Each depositor in Blue Foundry Bank has both a deposit account in Blue Foundry Bank and a pro rata ownership interest in the net worth of Blue Foundry, MHC based upon the deposit balance in his or her account. This ownership interest is tied to the depositor’s account and has no tangible market value separate from the deposit account. This ownership interest may only be realized in the event of a complete liquidation of Blue Foundry, MHC and Blue Foundry Bank; however, there has never been a liquidation of a solvent mutual holding company. Any depositor who opens a deposit account obtains a pro rata ownership interest in Blue Foundry, MHC without any additional payment beyond the amount of the deposit. A depositor who reduces or closes his or her account receives a portion or all of the balance in the deposit account but nothing for his or her ownership interest in the net worth of Blue Foundry, MHC, which is lost to the extent that the balance in the account is reduced or closed.

 

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Consequently, depositors in a stock depository institution that is a subsidiary of a mutual holding company normally have no way of realizing the value of their ownership interest, which would be realizable only in the unlikely event that Blue Foundry, MHC and Blue Foundry Bank are liquidated. If this occurs, the depositors of record at that time, as owners, would share pro rata in any residual surplus and reserves of Blue Foundry, MHC after other claims, including claims of depositors to the amounts of their deposits, are paid.

Under the plan of conversion, Eligible Account Holders and Supplemental Eligible Account Holders will receive an interest in a liquidation account maintained by Blue Foundry Bancorp in an aggregate amount equal to (i) Blue Foundry, MHC’s ownership interest in Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ’s total shareholders’ equity as of the date of the latest statement of financial condition included in this prospectus, plus (ii) the value of the net assets of Blue Foundry, MHC as of the date of the latest statement of financial condition of Blue Foundry, MHC prior to the consummation of the conversion (excluding its ownership of Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ). Blue Foundry Bancorp will hold the liquidation account for the benefit of Eligible Account Holders and Supplemental Eligible Account Holders who continue to maintain deposits in Blue Foundry Bank after the conversion. The liquidation accounts are designed to provide payments to depositors of their liquidation interests, if any, in the end of a liquidation of (a) Blue Foundry Bancorp and Blue Foundry Bank or (b) Blue Foundry Bank. See “—Liquidation Rights.”

Stock Pricing and Number of Shares to be Issued

The plan of conversion and applicable regulations require that the aggregate purchase price of the common stock sold in the stock offering must be based on the appraised pro forma market value of the common stock, as determined by an independent valuation. We have retained RP Financial, LC. to prepare an independent valuation appraisal. For its services in preparing the initial valuation and any valuation updates, RP Financial, LC. will receive a fee of $150,000, as well as payment for reimbursable expenses. We have paid RP Financial, LC. no other fees during the previous three years. We have agreed to indemnify RP Financial, LC. and its employees and affiliates against specified losses, including any losses in connection with claims under the federal securities laws, arising out of its services as independent appraiser, except where such liability results from RP Financial, LC.’s bad faith or negligence.

The independent valuation was prepared by RP Financial, LC. in reliance upon the information contained in this prospectus, including the consolidated financial statements of Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ. RP Financial, LC. also considered the following factors, among others:

 

  

the present results and financial condition of Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ and the projected results and financial condition of Blue Foundry Bancorp;

 

  

the economic and demographic conditions in Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ’s existing market area;

 

  

certain historical, financial and other information relating to Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ;

 

  

a comparative evaluation of the operating and financial characteristics of Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ with those of other publicly traded savings institutions;

 

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the effect of the conversion and stock offering on Blue Foundry Bancorp’s shareholders’ equity and earnings potential;

 

  

an after-tax expense of approximately $15.2 million pursuant to any potential withdrawal from the multiple employer defined benefit pension plan, which we anticipate will be incurred no sooner than the latter half of 2021;

 

  

the proposed dividend policy of Blue Foundry Bancorp; and

 

  

the trading market for securities of comparable institutions and general conditions in the market for such securities.

The independent valuation is also based on an analysis of a peer group of publicly traded savings and loan and bank holding companies that RP Financial, LC. considered comparable to Blue Foundry Bancorp under regulatory guidelines applicable to the independent valuation. Under these guidelines, a minimum of ten peer group companies are selected from the universe of all publicly-traded financial institutions with relatively comparable resources, strategies and financial and other operating characteristics. Such companies must also be traded on an exchange (such as Nasdaq or the New York Stock Exchange). The peer group companies selected for Blue Foundry Bancorp also consisted of fully-converted stock institutions that were not subject to an actual or rumored acquisition and that had been in fully-converted form for at least one year. In addition, RP Financial, LC. limited the peer group companies to Northeast, Mid-Atlantic and Midwest institutions with assets between $725.0 million and $2.5 billion, tangible equity-to-assets ratios of greater than 8.0% and positive core earnings.

The independent valuation appraisal considered the pro forma effect of the stock offering. Consistent with federal appraisal guidelines, the appraisal applied three primary methodologies: (i) the pro forma price-to-book value approach applied to both reported book value and tangible book value; (ii) the pro forma price-to-earnings approach applied to reported and core earnings; and (iii) the pro forma price-to-assets approach. The market value ratios applied in the three methodologies were based on the current market valuations of the peer group companies. RP Financial, LC. placed the greatest emphasis on the price-to-earnings and price-to-book approaches in estimating pro forma market value. RP Financial, LC. did not consider a pro forma price-to-assets approach to be meaningful in preparing the appraisal, as this approach is more meaningful when a company has low equity or earnings. The price-to-assets approach is less meaningful for a company like us, as we have equity in excess of regulatory capital requirements and positive reported and core earnings.

In applying each of the valuation methods, RP Financial, LC. considered adjustments to the pro forma market value based on a comparison of Blue Foundry Bancorp with the peer group. RP Financial, LC. made downward adjustments for financial condition, profitability, growth and viability of earnings, asset growth, dividends and primary market area. RP Financial made no adjustments for liquidity of the shares, marketing of the issue, management, or effect of government regulations and regulatory reform. The downward adjustment applied for profitability, growth and viability of earnings took into consideration our less favorable efficiency ratio and our lower pro forma returns as a percent of assets and equity. The downward adjustment applied for dividends took into consideration Blue Foundry Bancorp’s lower pro forma earnings.

Included in RP Financial, LC.’s independent valuation were certain assumptions as to the pro forma earnings of Blue Foundry Bancorp after the conversion that were used in determining the appraised value. These assumptions included estimated expenses, an assumed after-tax rate of return of 0.25% as of December 31, 2020 on the net offering proceeds and purchases in the open market of 4.0% of the common stock issued in the stock offering by the stock-based benefit plan at the $10.00 per share purchase price. See “Pro Forma Data” for additional information concerning assumptions included in the independent valuation and used in preparing pro forma data. The use of different assumptions may yield different results.

 

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The independent valuation states that as of February 5, 2021, the estimated pro forma market value of Blue Foundry Bancorp was $217.5 million (inclusive of the shares to be contributed to the charitable foundation). Based on federal regulations, this market value forms the midpoint of a range with a minimum of $186.0 million and a maximum of $249.0 million. The aggregate offering price of the shares will be equal to the valuation range multiplied by the percentage of Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ common stock owned by Blue Foundry, MHC. The number of shares offered will be equal to the aggregate offering price of the shares divided by the price per share. Based on the valuation range, the percentage of Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ common stock owned by Blue Foundry, MHC, certain assets held by Blue Foundry, MHC and the $10.00 price per share, the minimum of the offering range is 17,850,000 shares, the midpoint of the offering range is 21,000,000 shares and the maximum of the offering range is 24,150,000 shares.

The board of directors of Blue Foundry Bancorp reviewed the independent valuation and, in particular, considered the following:

 

  

Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ’s financial condition and results of operations;

 

  

a comparison of financial performance ratios of Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ to those of other financial institutions of similar size; and

 

  

market conditions generally and in particular for financial institutions.

All of these factors are set forth in the independent valuation. The board of directors also reviewed the methodology and the assumptions used by RP Financial, LC. in preparing the independent valuation and believes that such assumptions were reasonable. The offering range may be amended, with the approval of the Federal Reserve Board, as a result of subsequent developments in the financial condition of Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ or Blue Foundry Bank or market conditions generally. If the independent valuation is updated to amend the pro forma market value of Blue Foundry Bancorp to less than $186.0 million or more than $285.2 million, the appraisal will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission by a post-effective amendment to Blue Foundry Bancorp’s registration statement.

The following table presents a summary of selected pricing ratios for Blue Foundry Bancorp (on a pro forma basis) as of and for the twelve months ended December 31, 2020, and for the peer group companies based on earnings and other information as of and for the twelve months ended December 31, 2020, with stock prices as of February 5, 2021, as reflected in the appraisal report. Compared to the average pricing of the peer group, our pro forma pricing ratios at the midpoint of the offering range indicated a discount of 40.6% on a price-to-book value basis and a discount of 42.1% on a price-to-tangible book value basis. Our board of directors, in reviewing and approving the appraisal, considered the range of price-to-earnings multiples and the range of price-to-book value and price-to-tangible book value ratios at the different amounts of shares to be sold in the stock offering. The appraisal did not consider one valuation approach to be more important than the other. The estimated appraised value and the resulting premium/discount took into consideration the potential financial effect of the conversion and stock offering as well as the trading price of Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ’s common stock.

 

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   Price-to-earnings
multiple(1)
   Price-to-book
value ratio
  Price-to-tangible
book value ratio
 

Blue Foundry Bancorp (on a pro forma basis, assuming completion of the conversion)

     

Adjusted Maximum

   *    66.09  66.09

Maximum

   *    62.23  62.23

Midpoint

   *    58.41  58.41

Minimum

   *    53.94  53.94

Valuation of peer group companies, all of which are fully converted (on an historical basis)

     

Averages

   14.14x    98.28  100.85

Medians

   14.87x    89.45  92.99

 

 *

Not meaningful.

 (1)

Price-to-earnings multiples calculated by RP Financial, LC. in the independent appraisal are based on an estimate of “core,” or recurring, earnings. These ratios are different than those presented in “Pro Forma Data.”

The independent valuation is not intended, and must not be construed, as a recommendation of any kind as to the advisability of purchasing our shares of common stock. RP Financial, LC. did not independently verify our consolidated financial statements and other information that we provided to them, nor did RP Financial, LC. independently value our assets or liabilities. The independent valuation considers Blue Foundry Bank as a going concern and should not be considered as an indication of the liquidation value of Blue Foundry Bank. Moreover, because the valuation is necessarily based upon estimates and projections of a number of matters, all of which may change from time to time, no assurance can be given that persons purchasing our common stock in the stock offering will thereafter be able to sell their shares at prices at or above the $10.00 price per share.

Following commencement of the subscription offering, the maximum of the valuation range may be increased by up to 15%, or up to $285.2 million, without resoliciting subscribers, which will result in a corresponding increase of up to 15% in the maximum of the offering range to up to 27,772,500 shares, to reflect changes in the market and financial conditions or demand for the shares. We will not decrease the minimum of the valuation range and the minimum of the offering range without a resolicitation of subscribers. The subscription price of $10.00 per share will remain fixed. See “—Additional Limitations on Common Stock Purchases” as to the method of distribution of additional shares to be issued in the event of an increase in the offering range of up to 27,772,500 shares.

If the update to the independent valuation at the conclusion of the stock offering results in an increase in the maximum of the valuation range to more than $285.2 million and a corresponding increase in the offering range to more than 27,772,500 shares, or a decrease in the minimum of the valuation range to less than $186.0 million and a corresponding decrease in the offering range to fewer than 17,850,000 shares, then we will promptly return with interest at [interest rate]% per annum all funds previously delivered to us to purchase shares of common stock in the subscription and community offerings and cancel deposit account withdrawal authorizations and, after consulting with the Federal Reserve Board, we may terminate the plan of conversion. Alternatively, we may establish a new offering range, extend the offering period and commence a resolicitation of purchasers or take other actions as permitted by the Federal Reserve Board to complete the stock offering. If we extend the stock offering and conduct a resolicitation due to a change in the independent valuation, we will notify subscribers of the extension of time and of the rights of subscribers to place a new stock order for a specified period of time. Any single offering extension will not exceed 90 days; aggregate extensions may not conclude beyond [final extension date], which is two years after the special meeting of depositors to approve the plan of conversion.

 

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An increase in the number of shares to be issued in the stock offering would decrease both a subscriber’s ownership interest and Blue Foundry Bancorp’s pro forma earnings and shareholders’ equity on a per share basis while increasing shareholders’ equity on an aggregate basis. A decrease in the number of shares to be issued in the stock offering would increase both a subscriber’s ownership interest and Blue Foundry Bancorp’s pro forma earnings and shareholders’ equity on a per share basis, while decreasing shareholders’ equity on an aggregate basis.

Copies of the independent valuation appraisal report of RP Financial, LC. and the detailed memorandum setting forth the method and assumptions used in the appraisal report are filed as exhibits to the documents specified under “Where You Can Find Additional Information.”

Subscription Offering and Subscription Rights

In accordance with the plan of conversion, rights to subscribe for shares of common stock in the subscription offering have been granted in the following descending order of priority. The filling of all subscriptions that we receive will depend on the availability of common stock after satisfaction of all subscriptions of all persons having prior rights in the subscription offering and on the purchase and ownership limitations set forth in the plan of conversion and as described below under “—Additional Limitations on Common Stock Purchases.”

Priority 1: Eligible Account Holders. Each depositor of Blue Foundry Bank with aggregate deposit account balances of $50.00 or more (a “Qualifying Deposit”) at the close of business on December 31, 2019 (an “Eligible Account Holder”) will receive, without payment therefor, nontransferable subscription rights to purchase, subject to the overall purchase limitations, up to the greater of $400,000 (40,000 shares) of our common stock, 0.10% of the total number of shares of common stock issued in the stock offering, or 15 times the product of the number of subscription shares offered multiplied by a fraction of which the numerator is the aggregate Qualifying Deposit account balances of the Eligible Account Holder and the denominator is the aggregate Qualifying Deposit account balances of all Eligible Account Holders. See “—Additional Limitations on Common Stock Purchases.” If there are not sufficient shares available to satisfy all subscriptions, shares will first be allocated so as to permit each Eligible Account Holder to purchase a number of shares sufficient to make his or her total allocation equal to the lesser of 100 shares or the number of shares for which he or she subscribed. Thereafter, any remaining unallocated shares will be allocated to each remaining Eligible Account Holder whose subscription remains unfilled in same the proportion that the amount of his or her Qualifying Deposit bears to the total amount of Qualifying Deposits of all subscribing Eligible Account Holders whose subscriptions remain unfilled. If an amount so allocated exceeds the amount subscribed for by any one or more Eligible Account Holders, the excess shall be reallocated among those Eligible Account Holders whose subscriptions are not fully satisfied until all available shares have been allocated.

To ensure proper allocation of our shares of common stock, each Eligible Account Holder must list on his or her stock order form all deposit accounts in which he or she has an ownership interest on December 31, 2019. In the event of an oversubscription, failure to list all deposit accounts could result in fewer shares being allocated than if all deposit accounts had been disclosed. Also, in the event of an oversubscription, the subscription rights of Eligible Account Holders who are also directors or executive officers of Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ or who are associates of such persons will be subordinated to the subscription rights of other Eligible Account Holders to the extent attributable to their increased deposits in the 12 months preceding December 31, 2019.

Priority 2: Tax-Qualified Plans. Our tax-qualified employee plans, including Blue Foundry Bank’s employee stock ownership plan and 401(k) Plan, will receive, without payment therefor, nontransferable subscription rights to purchase in the aggregate up to 10% of the shares of common stock sold in the stock offering, although our employee stock ownership plan intends to purchase 8.0% of the shares of common stock sold in the stock offering, including shares contributed to the charitable foundation. If market conditions warrant, in the judgment of its trustees, the employee stock ownership plan may instead elect to purchase shares in the open market following the completion of the conversion, subject to the approval of the Federal Reserve Board.

 

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Priority 3: Supplemental Eligible Account Holders. To the extent that there are sufficient shares of common stock remaining after satisfaction of subscriptions by Eligible Account Holders and our tax-qualified employee stock benefit plans, each depositor of Blue Foundry Bank with a Qualifying Deposit at the close of business on [supplemental eligibility record date] who is not an Eligible Account Holder (“Supplemental Eligible Account Holder”) will receive, without payment therefor, nontransferable subscription rights to purchase up to $400,000 (40,000 shares) of common stock, subject to the overall purchase limitations. See “—Additional Limitations on Common Stock Purchases.” If there are not sufficient shares available to satisfy all subscriptions, shares will be allocated so as to permit each Supplemental Eligible Account Holder to purchase a number of shares sufficient to make his or her total allocation equal to the lesser of 100 shares of common stock or the number of shares for which he or she subscribed. Thereafter, any remaining shares will be allocated to each Supplemental Eligible Account Holder whose subscription remains unfilled in the proportion that the amount of his or her Qualifying Deposit bears to the total amount of Qualifying Deposits of all Supplemental Eligible Account Holders whose subscriptions remain unfilled. If an amount so allocated exceeds the amount subscribed for by any one or more Supplemental Eligible Account Holders, the excess shall be reallocated among those Supplemental Eligible Account Holders whose subscriptions are not fully satisfied until all available shares have been allocated.

To ensure proper allocation of common stock, each Supplemental Eligible Account Holder must list on the stock order form all deposit accounts in which he or she has an ownership interest at [supplemental eligibility record date]. In the event of an oversubscription, failure to list all deposit accounts could result in fewer shares being allocated than if all deposit accounts had been disclosed.

Priority 4: Other Depositors. To the extent that there are shares of common stock remaining after satisfaction of subscriptions by Eligible Account Holders, our tax-qualified employee stock benefit plans and Supplemental Eligible Account Holders, each depositor of Blue Foundry Bank as of the close of business on [voting record date] who is not an Eligible Account Holder or Supplemental Eligible Account Holder (“Other Depositors”) will receive, without payment therefor, nontransferable subscription rights to purchase up to $400,000 (40,000 shares) of common stock, subject to the overall purchase limitations. See “—Additional Limitations on Common Stock Purchases.” If there are not sufficient shares available to satisfy all subscriptions, shares will be allocated so as to permit each Other Member to purchase a number of shares sufficient to make his or her total allocation equal to the lesser of 100 shares of common stock or the number of shares for which he or she subscribed. Thereafter, any remaining shares will be allocated in the proportion that the amount of the subscription of each Other Member bears to the total amount of the subscriptions of all Other Depositors whose subscriptions remain unsatisfied.

To ensure proper allocation of common stock, each Other Member must list on the stock order form all deposit accounts in which he or she had an ownership interest at [voting record date]. In the event of an oversubscription, failure to list all deposit accounts could result in fewer shares being allocated than if all deposit accounts had been disclosed.

Expiration Date. The subscription offering will expire at 2:00 p.m., Eastern Time, on [expiration date], unless extended by us for up to 45 days or such additional periods with the approval of the Federal Reserve Board, if necessary. Subscription rights will expire whether or not each eligible depositor can be located. We may decide to extend the expiration date of the subscription offering for any reason, whether or not subscriptions have been received for shares at the minimum, midpoint, maximum or adjusted maximum of the offering range. Subscription rights which have not been exercised prior to the expiration date will become void.

We will not execute orders until at least the minimum number of shares of common stock has been sold in the stock offering. If at least 17,850,000 shares have not been sold in the stock offering by [extension date] and the Federal Reserve Board has not consented to an extension, all funds delivered to us to purchase shares of common stock in the stock offering will be returned promptly, with interest at [interest rate]% per annum for funds received in the subscription and community offerings, and all deposit

 

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account withdrawal authorizations will be canceled. If the Federal Reserve Board grants an extension beyond [extension date], we will resolicit purchasers in the stock offering as described under “—Procedure for Purchasing Shares in the Subscription and Community Offerings—Expiration Date.”

Community Offering

To the extent that shares of common stock remain available for purchase after satisfaction of all subscriptions of Eligible Account Holders, our tax-qualified employee stock benefit plans, Supplemental Eligible Account Holder and Other Depositors, we will offer shares pursuant to the plan of conversion to members of the general public in a community offering. Shares will be offered in the community offering with the following preferences:

 

 (i)

Natural persons (including trusts of natural persons) residing in Bergen, Morris, Passaic, Essex and Hudson Counties, New Jersey; and

 

 (ii)

Other members of the general public.

Subscribers in the community offering may purchase up to $400,000 (40,000 shares) of common stock, subject to the overall purchase limitations. See “—Additional Limitations on Common Stock Purchases.” The opportunity to purchase shares of common stock in the community offering category is subject to our right, in our sole discretion, to accept or reject any such orders in whole or in part either at the time of receipt of an order or as soon as practicable following the expiration date of the stock offering.

If we do not have sufficient shares of common stock available to fill the orders of natural persons residing in Bergen, Morris, Passaic, Essex and Hudson Counties, New Jersey, we will allocate the available shares among those persons in a manner that permits each of them, to the extent possible, to purchase the lesser of 100 shares or the number of shares subscribed for by such person. Thereafter, unallocated shares will be allocated among natural persons (including trusts of natural persons) residing in those counties whose orders remain unsatisfied on an equal number of shares basis per order. If an oversubscription occurs due to the orders of members of the general public, the allocation procedures described above will apply to the orders of such persons. In connection with the allocation process, orders received for shares of common stock in the community offering will first be filled up to a maximum of __% of the shares sold in the stock offering, and thereafter any remaining shares will be allocated on an equal number of shares basis per order until all shares have been allocated.

The term “residing” or “resident” as used in this prospectus with respect to the community means any person who occupies a dwelling within the local community, has a present intent to remain within the local community for a period of time, and manifests the genuineness of that intent by establishing an ongoing physical presence within the local community together with an indication that such presence within the local community is something other than merely transitory in nature. We may utilize deposit or loan records or other evidence provided to us to determine whether a person is a resident. In all cases, however, the determination shall be in our sole discretion.

Expiration Date. The community offering may begin concurrently with, during or promptly after the subscription offering, and is currently expected to terminate at the same time as the subscription offering, and must terminate no more than 45 days following the subscription offering, unless extended. We may decide to extend the community offering for any reason and we are not required to give purchasers notice of any such extension unless such period extends beyond [extension date], in which event we will resolicit purchasers.

 

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Syndicated Community Offering or Firm Commitment Underwritten Offering

If feasible, our board of directors may decide to offer for sale shares of common stock not subscribed for or purchased in the subscription and community offerings in a syndicated community offering or firm commitment underwritten offering, subject to such terms, conditions and procedures as we may determine, in a manner that will achieve a wide distribution of our shares of common stock.

If a syndicated community offering or firm commitment underwritten offering is held, KBW will serve as sole manager, and we will pay fees of 6% of the aggregate amount of common stock sold in the syndicated community or offering firm commitment underwritten offering to KBW and any other broker-dealers included in the syndicated community offering or firm commitment underwritten offering. The shares of common stock will be sold at the same price per share ($10.00 per share) that the shares are sold in the subscription offering and the community offering.

In the event of a syndicated community offering, it is currently expected that investors would follow the same general procedures applicable to purchasing shares in the subscription and community offerings (the use of stock order forms and the submission of funds directly to Blue Foundry Bancorp for the payment of the purchase price of the shares ordered) except that payment must be in immediately available funds (bank checks, money orders, deposit account withdrawals from accounts at Blue Foundry Bank or wire transfers). See “—Procedure for Purchasing Shares in the Subscription and Community Offerings.” “Sweep” arrangements and delivery versus payment settlement will only be used in a syndicated community offering to the extent consistent with Rules 10b-9 and 15c2-4 and then-existing guidance and interpretations thereof of the Securities and Exchange Commission regarding the conduct of “min/max” offerings.

In the event of a firm commitment underwritten offering, the proposed underwriting agreement will not be entered into with KBW and Blue Foundry Bancorp until immediately prior to the completion of the firm commitment underwritten offering. At that time, KBW and any other broker-dealers included in the firm commitment underwritten offering will represent that they have received sufficient indications of interest to complete the offering. Pursuant to the terms of the underwriting agreement, and subject to certain customary provisions and conditions to closing, upon execution of the underwriting agreement, KBW and any other underwriters will be obligated to purchase all the shares subject to the firm commitment underwritten offering.

If for any reason we cannot effect a syndicated community offering or firm commitment underwritten offering of shares of common stock not purchased in the subscription and community offerings, or if there are an insignificant number of shares remaining unsold after such offerings, we will try to make other arrangements for the sale of unsubscribed shares. The Federal Reserve Board and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority must approve any such arrangements.

Additional Limitations on Common Stock Purchases

The plan of conversion includes the following additional limitations on the number of shares of common stock that may be purchased in the stock offering:

 

 (i)

No person may purchase fewer than 25 shares of common stock, to the extent those shares are available for purchase;

 

 (ii)

Tax-qualified employee benefit plans, including our employee stock ownership plan, may purchase in the aggregate up to 10% of the shares of common stock issued in the stock offering, including shares issued in the event of an increase in the offering range of up to 15% and shares contributed to the charitable foundation;

 

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 (iii)

Except for the employee stock ownership plan, as described above, no person or entity, together with associates or persons acting in concert with such person or entity, may purchase more than $400,000 (40,000 shares) of common stock in all categories of the stock offering combined; and

 

 (iv)

The maximum number of shares of common stock that may be purchased in all categories of the stock offering by executive officers and directors of Blue Foundry Bank and their associates, in the aggregate, may not exceed 25% of the total shares issued in the conversion.

Depending upon market or financial conditions, our board of directors, with regulatory approval and without further approval of depositors of Blue Foundry, MHC may decrease or increase the purchase limitations. If a purchase limitation is increased, subscribers in the subscription offering who ordered the maximum amount of shares of common stock and who indicated on their stock order forms a desire to be resolicited in the event of an increase will be given the opportunity to increase their orders up to the then applicable limit, and other large subscribers may be given the opportunity to increase their orders up to the then applicable limit. The effect of this type of resolicitation will be an increase in the number of shares of common stock owned by persons who choose to increase their orders. If the maximum purchase limitation is increased to 5% of the shares sold in the stock offering, such limitation may be further increased to 9.99%, provided that orders for shares of common stock exceeding 5% of the shares sold in the stock offering shall not exceed in the aggregate 10% of the total shares sold in the stock offering.

In the event of an increase in the offering range of up to 27,772,500 shares of common stock, shares will be allocated in the following order of priority in accordance with the plan of conversion:

 

 (i)

to fill the subscriptions of our tax-qualified employee benefit plans, specifically our employee stock ownership plan and 401(k) Plan, for up to 10% of the total number of shares of common stock issued in the stock offering;

 

 (ii)

in the event that there is an oversubscription at the Eligible Account Holder, Supplemental Eligible Account Holder or Other Member levels, to fill unfilled subscriptions of these subscribers according to their respective priorities; and

 

 (iii)

to fill unfilled subscriptions in the community offering, with preference given first to natural persons (including trusts of natural persons) residing in Bergen, Morris, Passaic, Essex and Hudson Counties, New Jersey, and then to members of the general public.

The term “associate” of a person means:

 

 (i)

any corporation or organization (other than Blue Foundry Bank, Blue Foundry Bancorp, Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ or Blue Foundry, MHC or a majority-owned subsidiary of any of those entities) of which the person is a senior officer, partner or, directly or indirectly, 10% beneficial shareholder;

 

 (ii)

any trust or other estate in which the person has a substantial beneficial interest or serves as a trustee or in a similar fiduciary capacity; provided, however, it does not include any employee stock benefit plan in which the person has a substantial beneficial interest or serves as trustee or in a similar fiduciary capacity; and

 

 (iii)

any person who is related by blood or marriage to such person and who either lives in the same home as such person or who is a director or officer of Blue Foundry MHC, Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ or Blue Foundry Bank.

 

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The term “acting in concert” means:

 

 (i)

knowing participation in a joint activity or interdependent conscious parallel action towards a common goal whether or not pursuant to an express agreement; or

 

 (ii)

a combination or pooling of voting or other interests in the securities of an issuer for a common purpose pursuant to any contract, understanding, relationship, agreement or other arrangement, whether written or otherwise.

A person or company that acts in concert with another person or company (“other party”) will also be deemed to be acting in concert with any person or company who is also acting in concert with that other party, except that any tax-qualified employee stock benefit plan will not be deemed to be acting in concert with its trustee or a person who serves in a similar capacity solely for determining whether common stock held by the trustee and common stock held by the employee stock benefit plan will be aggregated.

We have the sole discretion to determine whether prospective purchasers are “associates” or “acting in concert.” Persons having the same address, persons exercising subscription rights through a single qualifying deposit account held jointly and persons exercising subscription right through qualifying deposit accounts registered at the same address, will be deemed to be acting in concert unless we determine otherwise. Our directors are not treated as associates of each other solely because of their membership on the board of directors.

Common stock purchased in the stock offering will be freely transferable except for shares purchased by directors and certain officers of Blue Foundry Bancorp or Blue Foundry Bank and except as described below. Any purchases made by any associate of Blue Foundry Bancorp or Blue Foundry Bank for the explicit purpose of meeting the minimum number of shares of common stock required to be sold in order to complete the stock offering shall be made for investment purposes only and not with a view toward redistribution. In addition, under Financial Industry Regulatory Authority guidelines, members of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority and their associates are subject to certain restrictions on transfer of securities purchased in accordance with subscription rights and to certain reporting requirements upon purchase of these securities. For a further discussion of limitations on purchases of our shares of common stock at the time of conversion and thereafter, see “—Certain Restrictions on Purchase or Transfer of Our Shares after the Conversion” and “Restrictions on Acquisition of Blue Foundry Bancorp.”

Plan of Distribution; Selling Agent and Underwriter Compensation

Subscription and Community Offerings. To assist in the marketing of our shares of common stock in the subscription and community offerings, we have retained KBW, which is a broker-dealer registered with the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority. KBW will assist us on a best efforts basis in the subscription and community offerings by:

 

  

consulting as to the financial and marketing implications of the plan of conversion;

 

  

reviewing with our board of directors the financial effect of the stock offering on us, based on the independent appraiser’s appraisal of the shares of common stock;

 

  

reviewing all offering documents, including this prospectus, stock order forms and related offering materials;

 

  

assisting in the design and implementation of a marketing strategy for the stock offering;

 

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assisting management in scheduling and preparing for meetings with potential investors and other broker-dealers in connection with the stock offering; and

 

  

providing such other general advice and assistance as may be reasonably necessary to promote the successful completion of the stock offering.

For these services, KBW will receive a success fee of 0.85% of the shares of common stock sold in the stock offering.

Syndicated Community Offering. If shares of common stock are sold in a syndicated community offering, we will pay fees of 6% of the aggregate dollar amount of common stock sold in the syndicated community offering to KBW and any other broker-dealers included in the syndicated community offering. However, if the sum of the fee received in the subscription offering and the syndicated community offering exceeds 6% of the aggregate dollar amount of common stock sold in the stock offering, the subscription fee will be reduced so that the total aggregate fee will be 6% of the aggregate dollar amount of common stock sold in the stock offering.

Firm commitment underwritten public offering. In the event that KBW sells shares of common stock through a group of broker-dealers in a firm commitment underwritten offering, the underwriting discount will not exceed 6% of the aggregate amount of common stock sold in the firm commitment underwritten offering to the sole book-running manager, and any other broker-dealers included in the firm commitment underwritten offering. All fees payable with respect to a firm commitment underwritten offering will be in addition to fees payable with respect to the subscription offering and community offering.

Expenses. KBW will be reimbursed for allocable expenses in amount not to exceed $135,000 for expenses and attorney’s fees, which fee may be increased to $175,000 in the event of a resolicitation of subscribers is required. If the plan of conversion is terminated or if KBW’s engagement is terminated in accordance with the provisions of the agency agreement, KBW will receive reimbursement of its reasonable out-of-pocket expenses. KBW shall have earned in full, and be entitled to be paid in full, all fees then due and payable as of such date of termination.

Records Management

We have also engaged KBW as records agent in connection with the conversion and the subscription and community offerings. In its role as records agent, KBW, will assist us in the stock offering by:

 

  

consolidating deposit accounts and vote calculations;

 

  

designing and preparing proxy forms and stock order forms;

 

  

organizing and supervising our stock information center;

 

  

providing proxy and ballot tabulation services for the special meeting of depositors, including acting as or supporting the inspector of election; and

 

  

providing necessary subscription services to distribute, collect and tabulate stock orders in the stock offering.

KBW will receive a nonrefundable fee of $50,000 for these services, plus reimbursement for reasonable expenses up to $15,000. Of the fees for serving as records agent, $25,000 has been paid as of the date of this prospectus.

 

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Indemnity

We will indemnify KBW against liabilities and expenses, including legal fees, incurred in connection with certain claims or litigation arising out of or based upon untrue statements or omissions contained in the stock offering materials for the common stock, including liabilities under the Securities Act, as well as certain other claims and litigation arising out of KBW’s engagement with respect to the conversion.

Solicitation of Offers by Officers and Directors

Some of our directors and executive officers may participate in the solicitation of offers to purchase common stock in the subscription and community offerings. These persons will be reimbursed for their reasonable out-of-pocket expenses incurred in connection with the solicitation. Other regular employees of Blue Foundry Bank may assist in the stock offering, but only in ministerial capacities, and may provide clerical work in effecting a sales transaction. No offers or sales may be made by tellers or at the teller counters. Investment-related questions of prospective purchasers will be directed to executive officers or registered representatives of KBW. Our other employees have been instructed not to solicit offers to purchase shares of common stock or provide advice regarding the purchase of common stock. We will rely on Rule 3a4-1 under the Exchange Act, and sales of common stock will be conducted within the requirements of Rule 3a4-1, so as to permit officers, directors and employees to participate in the sale of common stock. None of our officers, directors or employees will be compensated in connection with their participation in the stock offering.

Lock-up Agreements

We and each of our directors and executive officers have agreed, subject to certain exceptions, that during the period beginning on the date of this prospectus and ending 90 days after the closing of the stock offering, without the prior written consent of KBW, we will not, directly or indirectly (i) offer, pledge, sell, contract to sell, sell any option or contract to purchase, purchase any option or contract to sell, grant any option, right or warrant for the sale of, or otherwise dispose of or transfer any shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp stock or any securities convertible into or exchangeable or exercisable for Blue Foundry Bancorp stock, (ii) enter into any swap or any other agreement or any transaction that transfers, in whole or in part, directly or indirectly, the economic consequence of ownership of Blue Foundry Bancorp stock, or (iii) announce any intention to take any of the foregoing actions, whether any such transaction is to be settled by delivery of stock or other securities, in cash or otherwise. In addition, our directors and executive officers have agreed that they will not, during the restricted period, make any demand for or exercise any right with respect to, the registration of any shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock or any security convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock. If either (1) during the last 17 days of the restricted period described in the first sentence of this paragraph, we issue an earnings release or material news or a material event relating to us occurs, or (2) prior to the expiration of the restricted period, we announce that we will release earnings results during the 16-day period beginning on the last day of the restricted period, the restrictions described above will continue to apply during the 18-day period beginning on the issuance of the earnings release or the occurrence of the material news or event.

Procedure for Purchasing Shares in the Subscription and Community Offerings

Expiration Date. The subscription and community offerings will expire at 2:00 p.m., Eastern Time, on [expiration date], unless we extend one or both for up to 45 days, with the approval of Federal Reserve Board, if required. This extension may be approved by us, in our sole discretion, without notice to purchasers in the stock offering. Any extension of the subscription and/or community offering beyond [extension date] would require the Federal Reserve Board’s approval. If the stock offering is so extended, all subscribers will be notified and given an opportunity to confirm, change or cancel their orders. If you

 

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do not respond to this notice, we will promptly return your funds with interest at [interest rate]% per annum or cancel your deposit account withdrawal authorization. If the offering range is decreased below the minimum of the offering range or is increased above the adjusted maximum of the offering range, all subscribers’ stock orders will be canceled, their deposit account withdrawal authorizations will be canceled, and funds submitted to us will be returned promptly, with interest at [interest rate]% per annum for funds received in the subscription and community offerings. We will then resolicit the subscribers, giving them an opportunity to place a new stock order for a period of time.

We reserve the right in our sole discretion to terminate the stock offering at any time and for any reason, in which case we will cancel any deposit account withdrawal authorizations and promptly return all funds submitted, with interest at [interest rate]% per annum from the date of receipt as described above.

Use of Stock Order Forms in the Subscription and Community Offerings. To purchase shares of common stock in the subscription and community offerings, you must properly complete an original stock order form and remit full payment. We are not required to accept orders submitted on photocopied or facsimiled stock order forms. All stock order forms must be received (not postmarked) prior to 2:00 p.m., Eastern Time, on [expiration date]. We are not required to accept stock order forms that are not received by that time, are not signed or are otherwise executed defectively or are received without full payment or without appropriate deposit account withdrawal instructions. We are not required to notify subscribers of incomplete or improperly executed stock order forms, and we have the right to waive or permit the correction of incomplete or improperly executed stock order forms. We do not represent, however, that we will do so and we have no affirmative duty to notify any prospective subscriber of any such defects. You may submit your original stock order form and payment by mail using the stock order reply envelope provided or by overnight delivery to the address listed on the stock order form. You may also hand-deliver stock order forms to our office located at 217 Rock Road, Glen Rock, New Jersey, which is open between 9:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Friday, 9:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. on Thursday and 9:00 a.m. and 1:00 p.m. on Saturday. Hand-delivered stock order forms will only be accepted at this location. We will not accept stock order forms at our other offices. Please do not mail stock order forms to any of Blue Foundry Bank’s offices.

Once tendered, a stock order form cannot be modified or revoked without our consent. We reserve the absolute right, in our sole discretion, to reject orders received in the community offering, in whole or in part, at the time of receipt or at any time prior to completion of the stock offering. If you are ordering shares in the stock offering, you must represent that you are purchasing shares for your own account and that you have no agreement or understanding with any person for the sale or transfer of the shares. We have the right to reject any order submitted in the stock offering by a person who we believe is making false representations or who we otherwise believe, either alone or acting in concert with others, is violating, evading, circumventing, or intends to violate, evade or circumvent the terms and conditions of the plan of conversion. Our interpretation of the terms and conditions of the plan of conversion and of the acceptability of the stock order forms will be final.

By signing the stock order form, you will be acknowledging that the common stock is not a deposit or savings account and is not federally insured or otherwise guaranteed by Blue Foundry Bank, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or the federal government, and that you received a copy of this prospectus. However, signing the stock order form will not result in you waiving your rights under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act.

 

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Payment for Shares. Payment for all shares of common stock must accompany all completed stock order forms for the purchase to be valid. Payment for shares in the subscription and community offerings may be made by:

 

 (i)

personal check, bank check or money order, made payable to Blue Foundry Bancorp; or

 

 (ii)

authorization of withdrawal from the types of Blue Foundry Bank deposit account(s) designated on the stock order form.

Appropriate means for designating withdrawals from deposit accounts at Blue Foundry Bank are provided on the stock order form. The funds designated must be available in the account(s) at the time the stock order form is received. A hold will be placed on these funds, making them unavailable to the depositor. Funds authorized for withdrawal will continue to earn interest within the account at the contractual rate until the stock offering is completed, at which time the designated withdrawal will be made. Interest penalties for early withdrawal applicable to certificate of deposit accounts will not apply to withdrawals authorized for the purchase of shares of common stock; however, if a withdrawal results in a certificate of deposit account with a balance less than the applicable minimum balance requirement, the certificate of deposit will be canceled at the time of withdrawal without penalty and the remaining balance will earn interest at the current passbook rate subsequent to the withdrawal. In the case of payments made by personal check, these funds must be available in the account(s). Checks and money orders received in the subscription and community offerings will be immediately cashed and placed in a segregated account at Blue Foundry Bank and will earn interest at [interest rate]% per annum from the date payment is processed until the stock offering is completed or terminated.

You may not remit cash, Blue Foundry Bank line of credit checks or any type of third-party checks (including those payable to you and endorsed over to Blue Foundry Bancorp). You may not designate on your stock order form direct withdrawal from a Blue Foundry Bank retirement account. See “—Using Individual Retirement Account Funds” for information on using such funds. Additionally, you may not designate on your stock order form a direct withdrawal from Blue Foundry Bank deposit accounts with check-writing privileges. Please submit a check instead. If you request direct withdrawal, we reserve the right to interpret that as your authorization to treat those funds as if we had received a check for the designated amount, and we will immediately withdraw the amount from the specified account(s). If permitted by the Federal Reserve Board, in the event we resolicit large purchasers, as described above in “—Additional Limitations on Common Stock Purchases,” such purchasers who wish to increase their purchases will not be able to use personal checks to pay for the additional shares, but instead must pay for the additional shares using immediately available funds. No wire transfer will be accepted without our prior approval.

Once we receive your executed stock order form, it may not be modified, amended or rescinded without our consent, unless the stock offering is not completed by [extension date]. If the subscription and community offerings are extended past [extension date], all subscribers will be notified and given an opportunity to confirm, change or cancel their orders. If you do not respond to this notice, we will promptly return your funds with interest at [interest rate]% per annum or cancel your deposit account withdrawal authorization. We may resolicit purchasers for a specified period of time.

Regulations prohibit Blue Foundry Bank from lending funds or extending credit to any persons to purchase shares of common stock in the stock offering.

We shall have the right, in our sole discretion, to permit institutional investors to submit irrevocable orders together with the legally binding commitment for payment and to thereafter pay for the shares of common stock for which they subscribe in the community offering at any time prior to 48 hours before the completion of the conversion. This payment may be made by wire transfer.

 

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If our employee stock ownership plan purchases shares in the stock offering, it will not be required to pay for such shares until completion of the stock offering, provided that there is a loan commitment from an unrelated financial institution or Blue Foundry Bancorp to lend to the employee stock ownership plan the necessary amount to fund the purchase. In addition, if our 401(k) Plan purchases shares in the stock offering, it will not be required to pay for such shares until completion of the stock offering.

Using Individual Retirement Account Funds. If you are interested in using funds in your IRA or other retirement account to purchase shares of common stock in the stock offering, you must do so through an account offered by a custodian that can hold common stock. By regulation, Blue Foundry Bank retirement accounts are not capable of holding common stock. Therefore, if you wish to use funds that are currently in a retirement account held at Blue Foundry Bank, you may not designate on the stock order form that you wish funds to be withdrawn from the account for the purchase of common stock. The funds you wish to use for the purchase of common stock will instead have to be transferred to an independent trustee or custodian, such as a brokerage firm, which offers the type of retirement accounts that can hold common stock. The purchase must be made through that account. If you do not have such an account, you will need to establish one before placing a stock order. A one-time and/or annual administrative fee may be payable to the independent trustee or custodian. You may select the IRA custodian of your choice. You may, but are under no obligation to, select KBW or one of its affiliated broker dealers, Stifel, Nicolaus & Company, Incorporated (“SN”) or Century Securities Associates (“CSA”) as your IRA or other retirement account custodian. If you do purchase shares of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock using funds from a KBW, SN or CSA IRA account, you acknowledge that KBW, SN or CSA, as applicable, did not recommend or give you advice regarding such purchase. Other than the standard account fees and compensation associated with all IRA accounts, KBW, SN and CSA do not receive additional fees or compensation as a result of the purchase of Blue Foundry Bancorp common stock through a KBW, SN or CSA IRA or other retirement account. There will be no early withdrawal or Internal Revenue Service interest penalties for these transfers. Individuals interested in using funds in an individual retirement account or any other retirement account, whether held at Blue Foundry Bank or elsewhere, to purchase shares of common stock should contact our Stock Information Center for guidance as soon as possible, preferably at least two weeks before the [expiration date] offering deadline. Processing such transactions takes additional time, and whether such funds can be used may depend on limitations imposed by the institutions where such funds are currently held. We cannot guarantee that you will be able to use such funds.

Delivery of Shares of Common Stock. All shares of common stock sold will be issued in book entry form. Stock certificates will not be issued. A statement reflecting ownership of shares of common stock issued in the subscription and community offerings will be mailed by our transfer agent to the persons entitled thereto at the registration address noted by them on their stock order forms as soon as practicable following consummation of the conversion and stock offering. We expect trading in the stock to begin on the day of completion of the conversion and stock offering or the next business day. Until a statement reflecting ownership of shares of common stock is available and delivered to purchasers, purchasers might not be able to sell the shares of common stock that they ordered, even though the shares of common stock will have begun trading. Your ability to sell the shares of common stock before receiving your statement will depend on arrangements you may make with a brokerage firm.

 

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Other Restrictions. Notwithstanding any other provision of the plan of conversion, no person is entitled to purchase any shares of common stock to the extent the purchase would be illegal under any federal or state law or regulation, including state “blue sky” regulations, or would violate regulations or policies of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, particularly those regarding free riding and withholding. We may ask for an acceptable legal opinion from any purchaser as to the legality of his or her purchase and we may refuse to honor any purchase order if an opinion is not timely furnished. In addition, we are not required to offer shares of common stock to any person who resides in a foreign country, or in a state of the United States with respect to which any of the following apply:

 

 (i)

a small number of persons otherwise eligible to subscribe for shares under the plan of conversion reside in such state;

 

 (ii)

the offer or sale of shares of common stock to such persons would require us or our employees to register, under the securities laws of such state, as a broker or dealer or to register or otherwise qualify our securities for sale in such state; or

 

 (iii)

such registration or qualification would be impracticable for reasons of cost or otherwise.

Restrictions on Transfer of Subscription Rights and Shares

Applicable banking regulations prohibit any person with subscription rights, including the Eligible Account Holders, Supplemental Eligible Account Holders and Other Depositors, from transferring or entering into any agreement or understanding to transfer the legal or beneficial ownership of the subscription rights issued under the plan of conversion or the shares of common stock to be issued upon their exercise. These rights may be exercised only by the person to whom they are granted and only for his or her account. When registering your stock purchase on the stock order form, you cannot add the name(s) of others for joint stock registration who do not have subscription rights or who qualify only in a lower subscription offering priority than you do. Doing so may jeopardize your subscription rights. You may only add those who were eligible to purchase shares of common stock in the subscription offering at your date of eligibility. Each person exercising subscription rights will be required to certify that he or she is purchasing shares solely for his or her own account and that he or she has no agreement or understanding regarding the sale or transfer of such shares. The regulations also prohibit any person from stock offering or making an announcement of an offer or intent to make an offer to purchase subscription rights or shares of common stock to be issued upon their exercise prior to completion of the stock offering.

We will pursue any and all legal and equitable remedies in the event we become aware of the transfer of subscription rights, and we will not honor orders that we believe involve the transfer of subscription rights.

Stock Information Center

Our banking office personnel may not, by law, assist with investment-related questions about the stock offering. If you have any questions regarding the conversion or stock offering, please call our Stock Information Center. The telephone number is [Stock center number]. The Stock Information Center is open Monday through Friday between 10:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m., Eastern Time. The Stock Information Center will be closed on bank holidays.

Liquidation Rights

Liquidation prior to the conversion. In the unlikely event that Blue Foundry, MHC is liquidated prior to the conversion, all claims of creditors of Blue Foundry, MHC would be paid first. Thereafter, if there were any assets of Blue Foundry, MHC remaining, these assets would first be distributed to certain depositors of Blue Foundry Bank based on such depositors’ liquidation rights. The amount received by such depositors would be equal to their pro rata interest in the remaining value of Blue Foundry, MHC after claims of creditors, based on the relative size of their deposit accounts.

 

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Liquidation following the conversion. The plan of conversion provides for the establishment, upon the completion of the conversion, of a liquidation account by Blue Foundry Bancorp for the benefit of Eligible Account Holders and Supplemental Eligible Account Holders in an amount equal to (i) Blue Foundry, MHC’s ownership interest in Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ’s total shareholders’ equity as of the date of the latest statement of financial condition contained in this prospectus plus (ii) the value of the net assets of Blue Foundry, MHC as of the date of the latest statement of financial condition of Blue Foundry, MHC prior to the consummation of the conversion (excluding its ownership of Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ). The plan of conversion also provides for the establishment of a parallel liquidation account in Blue Foundry Bank to support the Blue Foundry Bancorp liquidation account in the event Blue Foundry Bancorp does not have sufficient assets to fund its obligations under the Blue Foundry Bancorp liquidation account.

In the unlikely event that Blue Foundry Bank were to liquidate after the conversion, all claims of creditors, including those of depositors, would be paid first. However, except with respect to the liquidation account to be established in Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ, a depositor’s claim would be solely for the principal amount of his or her deposit accounts plus accrued interest. Depositors generally would not have an interest in the value of the assets of Blue Foundry Bank or Blue Foundry Bancorp above that amount.

The liquidation account established by Blue Foundry Bancorp is designed to provide qualifying depositors a liquidation interest (exchanged for the liquidation interests such persons had in Blue Foundry, MHC) after the conversion in the event of a complete liquidation of Blue Foundry Bancorp and Blue Foundry Bank or a liquidation solely of Blue Foundry Bank. Specifically, in the unlikely event that either (i) Blue Foundry Bank or (ii) Blue Foundry Bancorp and Blue Foundry Bank were to liquidate after the conversion, all claims of creditors, including those of depositors, would be paid first, followed by a distribution to depositors as of December 31, 2019 and [supplemental eligibility record date] of their interests in the liquidation account maintained by Blue Foundry Bancorp. Also, in a complete liquidation of both entities, or of Blue Foundry Bank only, when Blue Foundry Bancorp has insufficient assets (other than the stock of Blue Foundry Bank) to fund the liquidation account distribution owed to Eligible Account Holders, and Blue Foundry Bank has positive net worth, then Blue Foundry Bank shall immediately make a distribution to fund Blue Foundry Bancorp’s remaining obligations under the liquidation account. In no event will any Eligible Account Holder be entitled to a distribution that exceeds such holder’s interest in the liquidation account maintained by Blue Foundry Bancorp as adjusted from time to time pursuant to the plan of conversion and federal regulations. If Blue Foundry Bancorp is completely liquidated or sold apart from a sale or liquidation of Blue Foundry Bank, then the Blue Foundry Bancorp liquidation account will cease to exist and Eligible Account Holders will receive an equivalent interest in the Blue Foundry Bank liquidation account, subject to the same rights and terms as the Blue Foundry Bancorp liquidation account.

Pursuant to the plan of conversion, after two years from the date of conversion and upon the written request of the Federal Reserve Board, Blue Foundry Bancorp will transfer, or upon the prior written approval of the Federal Reserve Blue Foundry Bancorp may transfer, the liquidation account and the depositors’ interests in such account to Blue Foundry Bank and the liquidation account shall thereupon be subsumed into the liquidation account of Blue Foundry Bank.

Under the rules and regulations of the Federal Reserve Board, a post-conversion merger, consolidation, or similar combination or transaction with another depository institution or depository institution holding company in which Blue Foundry Bancorp or Blue Foundry Bank is not the surviving institution, would not be considered a liquidation. In such a transaction, the liquidation account would be assumed by the surviving institution or company.

 

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Each Eligible Account Holder and Supplemental Eligible Account Holder would have an initial pro-rata interest in the liquidation account for each deposit account, including savings accounts, transaction accounts such as negotiable order of withdrawal accounts, money market deposit accounts, and certificates of deposit, with a balance of $50.00 or more held in Blue Foundry Bank on December 31, 2019 or [supplemental eligibility record date], respectively, equal to the proportion that the balance of such account holder’s deposit account on December 31, 2019 or [supplemental eligibility record date], respectively, bears to the balance of all deposit accounts of all Eligible Account Holders and Supplemental Eligible Account Holders in Blue Foundry Bank on such dates.

If, however, on any December 31 annual closing date commencing after the effective date of the conversion, the amount in any such deposit account is less than the amount in the deposit account on December 31, 2019 or [supplemental eligibility record date], or any other annual closing date, then the liquidation account as well as the interest in the liquidation account relating to such deposit account would be reduced by the proportion of any such reduction, and such interest will cease to exist if such deposit account is closed. In addition, no interest in the liquidation account would ever be increased despite any subsequent increase in the related deposit account. Payment pursuant to liquidation rights of Eligible Account Holders and Supplemental Eligible Account Holders would be separate and apart from the payment of any insured deposit accounts to such depositors. Any assets remaining after the above liquidation rights of Eligible Account Holders and Supplemental Eligible Account Holders are satisfied would be available for distribution to shareholders.

Material Income Tax Consequences

Completion of the conversion is subject to the prior receipt of an opinion of counsel or tax advisor with respect to the federal and state income tax consequences of the conversion to Blue Foundry, MHC, Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ, Blue Foundry Bank, Eligible Account Holders, Supplemental Eligible Account Holders and Other Depositors. Unlike private letter rulings, an opinion of counsel or tax advisor is not binding on the Internal Revenue Service or any state taxing authority, and those authorities may disagree with the opinions. In the event of a disagreement, there can be no assurance that Blue Foundry Bancorp or Blue Foundry Bank would prevail in a judicial proceeding.

Blue Foundry, MHC, Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ, Blue Foundry Bank and Blue Foundry Bancorp have received an opinion of counsel, Luse Gorman, PC, regarding all of the material federal income tax consequences of the conversion, which includes the following:

 

 1.

The merger of Blue Foundry, MHC with and into Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ will qualify as a tax-free reorganization within the meaning of Section 368(a)(1)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code.

 

 2.

The constructive exchange of Eligible Account Holders’ and Supplemental Eligible Account Holders’ liquidation interests in Blue Foundry, MHC for liquidation interests in Blue Foundry Bancorp–NJ will satisfy the continuity of interest requirement of Section 1.368-1(b) of the Federal Income Tax Regulations.

 

 3.

None of Blue Foundry, MHC, Blue Foundry Ban