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DTE DTE Electric

Filed: 27 Oct 21, 10:12am


UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
__________________________________________
FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Quarterly Period ended September 30, 2021
Or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
dte-20210930_g1.jpg
Commission File Number: 1-11607
DTE Energy Company
Michigan38-3217752
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S Employer Identification No.)
Commission File Number: 1-2198
DTE Electric Company
Michigan38-0478650
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S Employer Identification No.)
Registrants address of principal executive offices: One Energy Plaza, Detroit, Michigan 48226-1279
Registrants telephone number, including area code: (313) 235-4000
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each ClassTrading Symbol(s)Name of Exchange on which Registered
Common stock, without par valueDTENew York Stock Exchange
2016 Series F 6.00% Junior Subordinated Debentures due 2076DTYNew York Stock Exchange
2017 Series E 5.25% Junior Subordinated Debentures due 2077DTWNew York Stock Exchange
2019 6.25% Corporate UnitsDTPNew York Stock Exchange
2020 Series G 4.375% Junior Subordinated Debentures due 2080DTBNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
DTE Energy Company (DTE Energy)YesNoDTE Electric Company (DTE Electric)YesNo
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
DTE EnergyYesNoDTE ElectricYesNo



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
DTE EnergyLarge accelerated filerAccelerated filerNon-accelerated filerSmaller reporting companyEmerging growth company
DTE ElectricLarge accelerated filerAccelerated filerNon-accelerated filerSmaller reporting companyEmerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
DTE EnergyYesNoDTE ElectricYesNo
Number of shares of Common Stock outstanding at September 30, 2021:
RegistrantDescriptionShares
DTE EnergyCommon Stock, without par value193,727,278 
DTE ElectricCommon Stock, $10 par value, indirectly-owned by DTE Energy138,632,324 
This combined Form 10-Q is filed separately by two registrants: DTE Energy and DTE Electric. Information contained herein relating to any individual registrant is filed by such registrant solely on its own behalf. DTE Electric makes no representation as to information relating exclusively to DTE Energy.
DTE Electric, an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of DTE Energy, meets the conditions set forth in General Instructions H(1)(a) and (b) of Form 10-Q and is therefore filing this form with the reduced disclosure format specified in General Instructions H(2) of Form 10-Q.




TABLE OF CONTENTS




DEFINITIONS
ACEAffordable Clean Energy
AFUDCAllowance for Funds Used During Construction
AMVApplicable Market Value
ASUAccounting Standards Update issued by the FASB
CADCanadian Dollar (C$)
CARBCalifornia Air Resources Board that administers California's Low Carbon Fuel Standard
CARES ActCoronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act enacted in March 2020 to assist individuals and employers with the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, including certain tax relief provisions
CCRCoal Combustion Residuals
CFTCU.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission
COVID-19Coronavirus disease of 2019
DTE ElectricDTE Electric Company (an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of DTE Energy) and subsidiary companies
DTE EnergyDTE Energy Company, directly or indirectly the parent of DTE Electric, DTE Gas, and numerous non-utility subsidiaries
DTE GasDTE Gas Company (an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of DTE Energy) and subsidiary companies
DTE Sustainable GenerationDTE Sustainable Generation Holdings, LLC (an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of DTE Energy) and subsidiary companies
DT MidstreamDT Midstream, Inc., formerly DTE Energy's natural gas pipeline, storage, and gathering non-utility business comprising the Gas Storage and Pipelines segment and certain DTE Energy holding company activity in the Corporate and Other segment, which separated from DTE Energy and became an independent public company on July 1, 2021
EGLEMichigan Department of Environment, Great Lakes, and Energy, formerly known as Michigan Department of Environmental Quality
EGUElectric Generating Unit
ELGEffluent Limitations Guidelines
EPAU.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Equity unitsDTE Energy's 2019 equity units issued in November 2019, which were used to finance the Gas Storage and Pipelines acquisition on December 4, 2019
ERCOTElectric Reliability Council of Texas, the independent power market operator for substantially all of the Texas power market
EWREnergy Waste Reduction program, which includes a mechanism authorized by the MPSC allowing DTE Electric and DTE Gas to recover through rates certain costs relating to energy waste reduction
FASBFinancial Accounting Standards Board
FERCFederal Energy Regulatory Commission
FGDFlue Gas Desulfurization
FOVFinding of Violation
FTRsFinancial Transmission Rights are financial instruments that entitle the holder to receive payments related to costs incurred for congestion on the transmission grid
GCRA Gas Cost Recovery mechanism authorized by the MPSC that allows DTE Gas to recover through rates its natural gas costs
GHGsGreenhouse gases
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DEFINITIONS
Green BondsA financing option to fund projects that have a positive environmental impact based upon a specified set of criteria. The proceeds are required to be used for eligible green expenditures
LIBORLondon Inter-Bank Offered Rates
MGPManufactured Gas Plant
MPSCMichigan Public Service Commission
MTMMark-to-market
NAVNet Asset Value
NEXUSNEXUS Gas Transmission, LLC, a joint venture in which DTE Energy previously owned a 50% partnership interest that separated with DT Midstream effective July 1, 2021
Non-utilityAn entity that is not a public utility. Its conditions of service, prices of goods and services, and other operating related matters are not directly regulated by the MPSC
NOX
Nitrogen Oxides
NPDESNational Pollutant Discharge Elimination System
NRCU.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Production tax creditsTax credits as authorized under Sections 45K and 45 of the Internal Revenue Code that are designed to stimulate investment in and development of alternate fuel sources. The amount of a production tax credit can vary each year as determined by the Internal Revenue Service
PSCRA Power Supply Cost Recovery mechanism authorized by the MPSC that allows DTE Electric to recover through rates its fuel, fuel-related, and purchased power costs
RECRenewable Energy Credit
REFReduced Emissions Fuel
RegistrantsDTE Energy and DTE Electric
Retail accessMichigan legislation provided customers the option of access to alternative suppliers for electricity and natural gas
RPSRenewable Portfolio Standard program, which includes a mechanism authorized by the MPSC allowing DTE Electric to recover through rates its renewable energy costs
RSNRemarketable Senior Note
SGGStonewall Gas Gathering is a midstream natural gas asset that was previously owned 85% by DTE Energy and separated with DT Midstream effective July 1, 2021
SIPState Implementation Plan
SO2
Sulfur Dioxide
TCJATax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, which reduced the corporate Federal income tax rate from 35% to 21%
Topic 606FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, as amended
VIEVariable Interest Entity

Units of Measurement
BcfBillion cubic feet of natural gas
BTUBritish thermal unit, heat value (energy content) of fuel
MMBtuOne million BTU
 
MWhMegawatt-hour of electricity
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FILING FORMAT

This combined Form 10-Q is separately filed by DTE Energy and DTE Electric. Information in this combined Form 10-Q relating to each individual Registrant is filed by such Registrant on its own behalf. DTE Electric makes no representation regarding information relating to any other companies affiliated with DTE Energy other than its own subsidiaries. Neither DTE Energy, nor any of DTE Energy’s other subsidiaries (other than DTE Electric), has any obligation in respect of DTE Electric's debt securities, and holders of such debt securities should not consider the financial resources or results of operations of DTE Energy nor any of DTE Energy’s other subsidiaries (other than DTE Electric and its own subsidiaries (in relevant circumstances)) in making a decision with respect to DTE Electric's debt securities. Similarly, none of DTE Electric nor any other subsidiary of DTE Energy has any obligation in respect to debt securities of DTE Energy. This combined Form 10-Q should be read in its entirety. No one section of this combined Form 10-Q deals with all aspects of the subject matter of this combined Form 10-Q. This combined Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements and with Management's Discussion and Analysis included in the combined DTE Energy and DTE Electric 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
Certain information presented herein includes "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 with respect to the financial condition, results of operations, and businesses of the Registrants. Words such as "anticipate," "believe," "expect," "may," "could," "projected," "aspiration," "plans," and "goals" signify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future results and conditions, but rather are subject to numerous assumptions, risks, and uncertainties that may cause actual future results to be materially different from those contemplated, projected, estimated, or budgeted. Many factors may impact forward-looking statements of the Registrants including, but not limited to, the following:
Risks related to the separation of DT Midstream, including that providing DT Midstream with transition services could adversely affect our business and that the transaction may not achieve some or all of the anticipated benefits;
the duration and impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Registrants and customers;
impact of regulation by the EPA, EGLE, the FERC, the MPSC, the NRC, and for DTE Energy, the CFTC and CARB, as well as other applicable governmental proceedings and regulations, including any associated impact on rate structures;
the amount and timing of cost recovery allowed as a result of regulatory proceedings, related appeals, or new legislation, including legislative amendments and retail access programs;
economic conditions and population changes in the Registrants' geographic area resulting in changes in demand, customer conservation, and thefts of electricity and, for DTE Energy, natural gas;
the operational failure of electric or gas distribution systems or infrastructure;
impact of volatility in prices in international steel markets on the operations of DTE Vantage (formerly Power and Industrial Projects);
the risk of a major safety incident;
environmental issues, laws, regulations, and the increasing costs of remediation and compliance, including actual and potential new federal and state requirements;
the cost of protecting assets and customer data against, or damage due to, cyber incidents and terrorism;
health, safety, financial, environmental, and regulatory risks associated with ownership and operation of nuclear facilities;
volatility in commodity markets, deviations in weather, and related risks impacting the results of DTE Energy's energy trading operations;
changes in the cost and availability of coal and other raw materials, purchased power, and natural gas;
advances in technology that produce power, store power, or reduce power consumption;
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changes in the financial condition of significant customers and strategic partners;
the potential for losses on investments, including nuclear decommissioning and benefit plan assets and the related increases in future expense and contributions;
access to capital markets and the results of other financing efforts which can be affected by credit agency ratings;
instability in capital markets which could impact availability of short and long-term financing;
the timing and extent of changes in interest rates;
the level of borrowings;
the potential for increased costs or delays in completion of significant capital projects;
changes in, and application of, federal, state, and local tax laws and their interpretations, including the Internal Revenue Code, regulations, rulings, court proceedings, and audits;
the effects of weather and other natural phenomena on operations and sales to customers, and purchases from suppliers;
unplanned outages;
employee relations and the impact of collective bargaining agreements;
the availability, cost, coverage, and terms of insurance and stability of insurance providers;
cost reduction efforts and the maximization of plant and distribution system performance;
the effects of competition;
changes in and application of accounting standards and financial reporting regulations;
changes in federal or state laws and their interpretation with respect to regulation, energy policy, and other business issues;
contract disputes, binding arbitration, litigation, and related appeals; and
the risks discussed in the Registrants' public filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
New factors emerge from time to time. The Registrants cannot predict what factors may arise or how such factors may cause results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement. Any forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which such statements are made. The Registrants undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which such statement is made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.
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Part I — Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements

DTE Energy Company
Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions, except per share amounts)
Operating Revenues
Utility operations$1,875 $1,844 $5,483 $5,119 
Non-utility operations1,840 1,236 4,834 3,224 
3,715 3,080 10,317 8,343 
Operating Expenses
Fuel, purchased power, and gas — utility477 455 1,411 1,296 
Fuel, purchased power, gas, and other — non-utility1,766 1,174 4,708 2,923 
Operation and maintenance615 556 1,750 1,651 
Depreciation and amortization344 318 1,010 949 
Taxes other than income106 100 329 294 
Asset (gains) losses and impairments, net2 (2)29 43 
3,310 2,601 9,237 7,156 
Operating Income405 479 1,080 1,187 
Other (Income) and Deductions
Interest expense156 149 477 450 
Interest income(6)(11)(16)(25)
Non-operating retirement benefits, net3 10 20 
Loss on extinguishment of debt376 — 384 — 
Other income(90)(75)(187)(188)
Other expenses30 20 50 72 
469 88 718 329 
Income (Loss) Before Income Taxes(64)391 362 858 
Income Tax Expense (Benefit) (Note 2)(119)21 (124)19 
Net Income from Continuing Operations55 370 486 839 
Income (Loss) from Discontinued Operations, Net of Taxes (Note 4)(33)107 112 257 
Net Income22 477 598 1,096 
Less: Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests
Continuing operations(3)(2)(9)(5)
Discontinued operations 6 
Net Income Attributable to DTE Energy Company$25 $476 $601 $1,093 
Basic Earnings per Common Share
Continuing operations0.30 1.93 2.55 4.37 
Discontinued operations(0.17)0.54 0.55 1.30 
Total$0.13 $2.47 $3.10 $5.67 
Diluted Earnings per Common Share
Continuing operations0.30 1.92 2.55 4.37 
Discontinued operations(0.17)0.54 0.55 1.29 
Total$0.13 $2.46 $3.10 $5.66 
Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding
Basic193 193 193 192 
Diluted194 193 194 193 

See Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
5


DTE Energy Company
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Unaudited)
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions)
Net Income$22 $477 $598 $1,096 
Other comprehensive income, net of tax:
Benefit obligations, net of taxes of $1, $1, $2, and $3, respectively2 5 
Net unrealized gains (losses) on derivatives, net of taxes of $1, $—, $2, and $1, respectively4 6 
Other comprehensive income6 11 10 
Comprehensive income28 480 609 1,106 
Less: Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests(3)(3)
Comprehensive Income Attributable to DTE Energy Company$31 $479 $612 $1,103 

See Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
6


DTE Energy Company
Consolidated Statements of Financial Position (Unaudited)
September 30,December 31,
20212020
(In millions)
ASSETS
Current Assets
Cash and cash equivalents$54 $472 
Restricted cash2 
Accounts receivable (less allowance for doubtful accounts of $102 and $104, respectively)
Customer1,522 1,542 
Other170 127 
Inventories
Fuel and gas398 335 
Materials, supplies, and other517 373 
Derivative assets347 116 
Regulatory assets187 129 
Other297 185 
Current assets of discontinued operations 217 
3,494 3,498 
Investments
Nuclear decommissioning trust funds2,007 1,855 
Investments in equity method investees186 177 
Other187 196 
2,380 2,228 
Property
Property, plant, and equipment36,134 34,016 
Accumulated depreciation and amortization(9,977)(9,517)
26,157 24,499 
Other Assets
Goodwill1,993 1,993 
Regulatory assets3,974 4,125 
Intangible assets181 199 
Notes receivable304 261 
Derivative assets81 40 
Prepaid postretirement costs620 561 
Operating lease right-of-use assets100 107 
Other151 126 
Noncurrent assets of discontinued operations 7,859 
7,404 15,271 
Total Assets$39,435 $45,496 

See Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
7


DTE Energy Company
Consolidated Statements of Financial Position (Unaudited) — (Continued)
September 30,December 31,
20212020
(In millions, except shares)
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Current Liabilities
Accounts payable$1,365 $1,000 
Accrued interest147 158 
Dividends payable160 210 
Short-term borrowings361 38 
Current portion long-term debt, including finance leases324 469 
Derivative liabilities465 68 
Regulatory liabilities41 39 
Operating lease liabilities14 16 
Other556 594 
Current liabilities of discontinued operations 99 
3,433 2,691 
Long-Term Debt (net of current portion)
Mortgage bonds, notes, and other16,022 17,802 
Junior subordinated debentures883 1,175 
Finance lease liabilities19 24 
16,924 19,001 
Other Liabilities  
Deferred income taxes2,105 2,069 
Regulatory liabilities3,220 3,363 
Asset retirement obligations2,974 2,829 
Unamortized investment tax credit158 162 
Derivative liabilities244 60 
Accrued pension liability732 797 
Accrued postretirement liability398 407 
Nuclear decommissioning310 283 
Operating lease liabilities77 83 
Other281 326 
Noncurrent liabilities of discontinued operations 836 
10,499 11,215 
Commitments and Contingencies (Notes 6 and 13)
00
Equity
Common stock (No par value, 400,000,000 shares authorized, and 193,727,278 and 193,770,617 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively)5,366 5,406 
Retained earnings3,317 7,156 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(116)(137)
Total DTE Energy Company Equity8,567 12,425 
Noncontrolling interests of continuing operations12 10 
Noncontrolling interests of discontinued operations 154 
Total Equity8,579 12,589 
Total Liabilities and Equity$39,435 $45,496 

See Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
8


DTE Energy Company
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
Nine Months Ended September 30,
20212020
(In millions)
Operating Activities
Net Income$598 $1,096 
Adjustments to reconcile Net Income to Net cash from operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization1,092 1,059 
Nuclear fuel amortization44 22 
Allowance for equity funds used during construction(20)(19)
Deferred income taxes(36)350 
Equity earnings of equity method investees(90)(96)
Dividends from equity method investees78 122 
Loss on extinguishment of debt384 — 
Asset (gains) losses and impairments, net46 44 
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable, net(8)343 
Inventories(209)(54)
Prepaid postretirement benefit costs(59)(56)
Accounts payable225 (80)
Accrued pension liability(65)(126)
Accrued postretirement liability(9)— 
Derivative assets and liabilities309 15 
Regulatory assets and liabilities270 (30)
Other current and noncurrent assets and liabilities(178)191 
Net cash from operating activities2,372 2,781 
Investing Activities
Plant and equipment expenditures — utility(2,591)(2,362)
Plant and equipment expenditures — non-utility(109)(526)
Acquisitions related to business combinations, net of cash acquired (126)
Proceeds from sale of assets2 
Proceeds from sale of nuclear decommissioning trust fund assets854 2,054 
Investment in nuclear decommissioning trust funds(853)(2,051)
Distributions from equity method investees11 
Contributions to equity method investees(7)(32)
Notes receivable(65)(58)
Other(22)(5)
Net cash used for investing activities(2,780)(3,093)
Financing Activities
Issuance of long-term debt, net of discount and issuance costs4,033 2,724 
Redemption of long-term debt(3,242)(682)
Short-term borrowings, net323 160 
Repurchase of common stock(66) 
Dividends paid on common stock(631)(574)
Contributions from noncontrolling interests, principally REF entities35 25 
Distributions to noncontrolling interests(33)(27)
Acquisition related deferred payment, excluding accretion (380)
Prepayment costs for extinguishment of long-term debt(361)— 
Transfer of cash to DT Midstream at separation(37)— 
Other(73)(65)
Net cash from (used for) financing activities(52)1,181 
Net Increase (Decrease) in Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash(460)869 
Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash at Beginning of Period516 93 
Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash at End of Period$56 $962 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities
Plant and equipment expenditures in accounts payable$386 $282 
Separation of DT Midstream net assets, excluding cash transferred$3,962 $— 
See Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
9


DTE Energy Company
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity (Unaudited)
Retained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Noncontrolling Interests
Common Stock
SharesAmountTotal
(Dollars in millions, shares in thousands)
Balance, December 31, 2020193,771 $5,406 $7,156 $(137)$164 $12,589 
Net Income— — 397 — — 397 
Dividends declared on common stock ($1.09 per Common Share)— — (210)— — (210)
Repurchase of common stock(430)(54)— — — (54)
Other comprehensive income, net of tax— — — — 
Stock-based compensation, net distributions to noncontrolling interests, and other386 (8)(1)— (2)(11)
Balance, March 31, 2021193,727 $5,344 $7,342 $(134)$162 $12,714 
Net Income— — 179 — — 179 
Dividends declared on common stock ($1.91 per Common Share)— — (370)— — (370)
Other comprehensive income, net of tax— — — — 
Stock-based compensation, net distributions to noncontrolling interests, and other25 17 (2)— (1)14 
Balance, June 30, 2021193,752 $5,361 $7,149 $(132)$161 $12,539 
Net Income (Loss)— — 25 — (3)22 
Repurchase of common stock(99)(12)— — — (12)
Other comprehensive income, net of tax— — — — 
Stock-based compensation, net contributions from noncontrolling interests, and other74 17 — 23 
Separation of DT Midstream— — (3,858)10 (151)(3,999)
Balance, September 30, 2021193,727 $5,366 $3,317 $(116)$12 $8,579 

See Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)






















10


DTE Energy Company
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity (Unaudited) — (Continued)
Retained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Noncontrolling Interests
Common Stock
SharesAmountTotal
(Dollars in millions, shares in thousands)
Balance, December 31, 2019192,209 $5,233 $6,587 $(148)$164 $11,836 
Net Income— — 340 — 342 
Dividends declared on common stock ($1.01 per Common Share)— — (195)— — (195)
Other comprehensive income, net of tax— — — — 
Stock-based compensation, net distributions to noncontrolling interests, and other403 — — — 
Balance, March 31, 2020192,612 $5,235 $6,732 $(145)$166 $11,988 
Net Income— — 277 — — 277 
Dividends declared on common stock ($2.03 per Common Share)— — (390)— — (390)
Other comprehensive income, net of tax— — — — 
Stock-based compensation, net contributions from noncontrolling interests, and other39 12 (1)— 13 
Balance, June 30, 2020192,651 $5,247 $6,618 $(141)$168 $11,892 
Net Income— — 476 — 477 
Issuance of common stock98 11 — — — 11 
Contribution of common stock to pension plan694 82 — — — 82 
Other comprehensive income, net of tax— — — — 
Stock-based compensation, net distributions to noncontrolling interests, and other117 29 (2)— (4)23 
Balance, September 30, 2020193,560 $5,369 $7,092 $(138)$165 $12,488 

See Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

11


DTE Electric Company
Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions)
Operating Revenues — Utility operations$1,700 $1,690 $4,468 $4,211 
Operating Expenses
Fuel and purchased power — utility462 451 1,185 1,090 
Operation and maintenance410 361 1,122 1,074 
Depreciation and amortization278 258 810 768 
Taxes other than income83 79 245 220 
Asset (gains) losses and impairments, net —  41 
1,233 1,149 3,362 3,193 
Operating Income467 541 1,106 1,018 
Other (Income) and Deductions
Interest expense84 83 251 249 
Interest income —  (2)
Non-operating retirement benefits, net — (1)— 
Other income(14)(18)(52)(68)
Other expenses8 18 26 66 
78 83 224 245 
Income Before Income Taxes389 458 882 773 
Income Tax Expense45 58 92 96 
Net Income$344 $400 $790 $677 

See Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
12


DTE Electric Company
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Unaudited)
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions)
Net Income$344 $400 $790 $677 
Other comprehensive income —  — 
Comprehensive Income$344 $400 $790 $677 

See Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
13


DTE Electric Company
Consolidated Statements of Financial Position (Unaudited)
September 30,December 31,
20212020
(In millions)
ASSETS
Current Assets
Cash and cash equivalents$18 $16 
Accounts receivable (less allowance for doubtful accounts of $55 and $57, respectively)
Customer782 763 
Affiliates17 13 
Other64 62 
Inventories
Fuel175 187 
Materials and supplies320 292 
Regulatory assets178 123 
Prepaid property tax126 52 
Other43 19 
1,723 1,527 
Investments
Nuclear decommissioning trust funds2,007 1,855 
Other41 42 
2,048 1,897 
Property
Property, plant, and equipment28,014 26,171 
Accumulated depreciation and amortization(7,506)(7,050)
20,508 19,121 
Other Assets
Regulatory assets3,335 3,440 
Intangible assets3 11 
Prepaid postretirement costs — affiliates371 335 
Operating lease right-of-use assets67 75 
Other120 107 
3,896 3,968 
Total Assets$28,175 $26,513 

See Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
14


DTE Electric Company
Consolidated Statements of Financial Position (Unaudited) — (Continued)
September 30,December 31,
20212020
(In millions, except shares)
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDER’S EQUITY
Current Liabilities
Accounts payable
Affiliates$64 $62 
Other582 410 
Accrued interest87 91 
Current portion long-term debt, including finance leases322 468 
Regulatory liabilities36 18 
Short-term borrowings
Affiliates32 101 
Other159 — 
Operating lease liabilities11 11 
Other165 219 
1,458 1,380 
Long-Term Debt (net of current portion)
Mortgage bonds, notes, and other8,590 7,774 
Finance lease liabilities9 13 
8,599 7,787 
Other Liabilities
Deferred income taxes2,677 2,525 
Regulatory liabilities2,322 2,432 
Asset retirement obligations2,744 2,607 
Unamortized investment tax credit158 162 
Nuclear decommissioning310 283 
Accrued pension liability — affiliates697 731 
Accrued postretirement liability — affiliates378 384 
Operating lease liabilities49 56 
Other91 96 
9,426 9,276 
Commitments and Contingencies (Notes 6 and 13)00
Shareholder’s Equity
Common stock ($10 par value, 400,000,000 shares authorized, and 138,632,324 shares issued and outstanding for both periods)5,720 5,447 
Retained earnings2,972 2,623 
Total Shareholder’s Equity8,692 8,070 
Total Liabilities and Shareholder’s Equity$28,175 $26,513 

See Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
15


DTE Electric Company
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
Nine Months Ended September 30,
20212020
(In millions)
Operating Activities
Net Income$790 $677 
Adjustments to reconcile Net Income to Net cash from operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization810 768 
Nuclear fuel amortization44 22 
Allowance for equity funds used during construction(18)(18)
Deferred income taxes90 74 
Asset (gains) losses and impairments, net 41 
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable, net(25)(71)
Inventories(19)(30)
Accounts payable40 37 
Prepaid postretirement benefit costs — affiliates(36)— 
Accrued pension liability — affiliates(34)(80)
Accrued postretirement liability — affiliates(6)(35)
Regulatory assets and liabilities229 (79)
Other current and noncurrent assets and liabilities(259)(20)
Net cash from operating activities1,606 1,286 
Investing Activities
Plant and equipment expenditures(2,152)(1,981)
Proceeds from sale of nuclear decommissioning trust fund assets854 2,054 
Investment in nuclear decommissioning trust funds(853)(2,051)
Notes Receivable and Other(22)(14)
Net cash used for investing activities(2,173)(1,992)
Financing Activities
Issuance of long-term debt, net of discount and issuance costs986 1,683 
Redemption of long-term debt(321)(632)
Capital contribution by parent company273 400 
Short-term borrowings, net — affiliate(69)
Short-term borrowings, net — other159 (154)
Dividends paid on common stock(441)(404)
Other(18)(17)
Net cash from financing activities569 883 
Net Increase in Cash and Cash Equivalents2 177 
Cash and Cash Equivalents at Beginning of Period16 12 
Cash and Cash Equivalents at End of Period$18 $189 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities
Plant and equipment expenditures in accounts payable$307 $141 

See Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
16


DTE Electric Company
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholder's Equity (Unaudited)
Additional Paid-in CapitalRetained Earnings
Common Stock
SharesAmountTotal
(Dollars in millions, shares in thousands)
Balance, December 31, 2020138,632 $1,386 $4,061 $2,623 $8,070 
Net Income   208 208 
Dividends declared on common stock   (147)(147)
Balance, March 31, 2021138,632 $1,386 $4,061 $2,684 $8,131 
Net Income   238 238 
Dividends declared on common stock   (146)(146)
Balance, June 30, 2021138,632 $1,386 $4,061 $2,776 $8,223 
Net Income   344 344 
Dividends declared on common stock   (148)(148)
Capital contribution by parent company— — 273 — 273 
Balance, September 30, 2021138,632 $1,386 $4,334 $2,972 $8,692 

Additional Paid-in CapitalRetained Earnings
Common Stock
SharesAmountTotal
(Dollars in millions, shares in thousands)
Balance, December 31, 2019138,632 $1,386 $3,425 $2,384 $7,195 
Net Income   94 94 
Dividends declared on common stock   (135)(135)
Balance, March 31, 2020138,632 $1,386 $3,425 $2,343 $7,154 
Net Income   183 183 
Dividends declared on common stock   (134)(134)
Balance, June 30, 2020138,632 $1,386 $3,425 $2,392 $7,203 
Net Income   400 400 
Dividends declared on common stock   (135)(135)
Capital contribution by parent company400 400 
Balance, September 30, 2020138,632 $1,386 $3,825 $2,657 $7,868 

See Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
17


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Index of Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
The Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) are a combined presentation for DTE Energy and DTE Electric. The following list indicates the Registrant(s) to which each note applies:
Note 1Organization and Basis of PresentationDTE Energy and DTE Electric
Note 2Significant Accounting PoliciesDTE Energy and DTE Electric
Note 3New Accounting PronouncementsDTE Energy and DTE Electric
Note 4Dispositions and ImpairmentsDTE Energy
Note 5RevenueDTE Energy and DTE Electric
Note 6Regulatory MattersDTE Energy and DTE Electric
Note 7Common Stock and Earnings per ShareDTE Energy
Note 8Fair ValueDTE Energy and DTE Electric
Note 9Financial and Other Derivative InstrumentsDTE Energy and DTE Electric
Note 10Long-Term DebtDTE Energy and DTE Electric
Note 11Short-Term Credit Arrangements and BorrowingsDTE Energy and DTE Electric
Note 12LeasesDTE Energy
Note 13Commitments and ContingenciesDTE Energy and DTE Electric
Note 14Retirement Benefits and Trusteed AssetsDTE Energy and DTE Electric
Note 15Segment and Related InformationDTE Energy

NOTE 1 — ORGANIZATION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
Corporate Structure
DTE Energy owns the following businesses:
DTE Electric is a public utility engaged in the generation, purchase, distribution, and sale of electricity to approximately 2.3 million customers in southeastern Michigan;
DTE Gas is a public utility engaged in the purchase, storage, transportation, distribution, and sale of natural gas to approximately 1.3 million customers throughout Michigan and the sale of storage and transportation capacity; and
Other businesses include (1) DTE Vantage, formerly DTE Energy's Power and Industrial Projects segment, which is primarily involved in providing industrial energy services, reduced emissions fuel projects, and renewable natural gas projects, and 2) energy marketing and trading operations.
DTE Electric and DTE Gas are regulated by the MPSC. Certain activities of DTE Electric and DTE Gas, as well as various other aspects of businesses under DTE Energy, are regulated by the FERC. In addition, the Registrants are regulated by other federal and state regulatory agencies including the NRC, the EPA, EGLE, and for DTE Energy, the CFTC and CARB.
Basis of Presentation
The Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in the combined DTE Energy and DTE Electric 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
The accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements of the Registrants are prepared using accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. These accounting principles require management to use estimates and assumptions that impact reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Actual results may differ from the Registrants' estimates.
18


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
The Consolidated Financial Statements are unaudited but, in the Registrants' opinions, include all adjustments necessary to present a fair statement of the results for the interim periods. All adjustments are of a normal recurring nature, except as otherwise disclosed in these Consolidated Financial Statements and Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. Financial results for this interim period are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for any other interim period or for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2021.
The information in these combined notes relates to each of the Registrants as noted in the Index of Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. However, DTE Electric does not make any representation as to information related solely to DTE Energy or the subsidiaries of DTE Energy other than itself.
Certain prior year balances for DTE Electric were reclassified to match the current year's Consolidated Financial Statements presentation.
Separation of DT Midstream
On July 1, 2021, DTE Energy completed the previously announced separation of its natural gas pipeline, storage and gathering non-utility business. Effective with the separation, DTE retains no ownership in the new company, DT Midstream, which was formerly comprised of DTE Energy's Gas Storage and Pipelines segment and also included certain DTE Energy holding company activity within the Corporate and Other segment. Gas Storage and Pipelines is no longer a reportable segment of DTE Energy, and financial results of DT Midstream are presented as Income from discontinued operations, net of taxes on DTE Energy's Consolidated Statements of Operations. Assets and liabilities of DT Midstream are also presented as discontinued operations on DTE Energy's Consolidated Statements of Financial Position. Prior periods have been recast to reflect this presentation.
No adjustments were made to the historical activity within the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income, Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, or the Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity. Unless noted otherwise, discussion in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements relate to continuing operations. Refer to Note 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, “Dispositions and Impairments,” for additional information regarding the separation of DT Midstream and discontinued operations.
Principles of Consolidation
The Registrants consolidate all majority-owned subsidiaries and investments in entities in which they have controlling influence. Non-majority owned investments are accounted for using the equity method when the Registrants are able to significantly influence the operating policies of the investee. When the Registrants do not influence the operating policies of an investee, the equity investment is valued at cost minus any impairments, if applicable. These Consolidated Financial Statements also reflect the Registrants' proportionate interests in certain jointly-owned utility plants. The Registrants eliminate all intercompany balances and transactions.
The Registrants evaluate whether an entity is a VIE whenever reconsideration events occur. The Registrants consolidate VIEs for which they are the primary beneficiary. If a Registrant is not the primary beneficiary and an ownership interest is held, the VIE is accounted for under the equity method of accounting. When assessing the determination of the primary beneficiary, a Registrant considers all relevant facts and circumstances, including: the power, through voting or similar rights, to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the VIE's economic performance and the obligation to absorb the expected losses and/or the right to receive the expected returns of the VIE. The Registrants perform ongoing reassessments of all VIEs to determine if the primary beneficiary status has changed.
During the third quarter of 2021, the Registrants performed reassessments of certain VIEs owned by DT Midstream. Upon the separation of DT Midstream, DTE Energy no longer owns any interest in SGG, owner and operator of certain midstream natural gas assets. Therefore, SGG has been removed from the amounts for DTE Energy's consolidated VIEs in the table below. Additionally, as a result of the separation of DT Midstream, DTE Energy no longer has an equity interest in NEXUS, owner of a 256-mile pipeline which transports shale gas to Ohio, Michigan, and Ontario market centers. DTE Energy has removed its equity investment in NEXUS from the amounts for its non-consolidated VIEs. The Registrants maintain a variable interest in NEXUS relating to DTE Electric's transportation services contract. Assets, liabilities, and earnings related to SGG and NEXUS are included in discontinued operations in the Consolidated Financial Statements.
19


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
Legal entities within the DTE Vantage segment enter into long-term contractual arrangements with customers to supply energy-related products or services. The entities are generally designed to pass-through the commodity risk associated with these contracts to the customers, with DTE Energy retaining operational and customer default risk. These entities generally are VIEs and consolidated when DTE Energy is the primary beneficiary. In addition, DTE Energy has interests in certain VIEs through which control of all significant activities is shared with partners, and therefore are generally accounted for under the equity method.
The Registrants hold ownership interests in certain limited partnerships. The limited partnerships include investment funds which support regional development and economic growth, and an operational business providing energy-related products. These entities are generally VIEs as a result of certain characteristics of the limited partnership voting rights. The ownership interests are accounted for under the equity method as the Registrants are not the primary beneficiaries.
DTE Energy has variable interests in VIEs through certain of its long-term purchase and sale contracts. DTE Electric has variable interests in VIEs through certain of its long-term purchase contracts. As of September 30, 2021, the carrying amount of assets and liabilities in DTE Energy's Consolidated Statements of Financial Position that relate to its variable interests under long-term purchase and sale contracts are predominantly related to working capital accounts and generally represent the amounts owed by or to DTE Energy for the deliveries associated with the current billing cycle under the contracts. As of September 30, 2021, the carrying amount of assets and liabilities in DTE Electric's Consolidated Statements of Financial Position that relate to its variable interests under long-term purchase contracts are predominantly related to working capital accounts and generally represent the amounts owed by DTE Electric for the deliveries associated with the current billing cycle under the contracts. The Registrants have not provided any significant form of financial support associated with these long-term contracts. There is no material potential exposure to loss as a result of DTE Energy's variable interests through these long-term purchase and sale contracts. In addition, there is no material potential exposure to loss as a result of DTE Electric's variable interests through these long-term purchase contracts.
The maximum risk exposure for consolidated VIEs is reflected on the Registrants' Consolidated Statements of Financial Position and, for DTE Energy, in Note 13 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, "Commitments and Contingencies," related to REF guarantees and indemnities. For non-consolidated VIEs, the maximum risk exposure of the Registrants is generally limited to their investment, notes receivable, future funding commitments, and amounts which DTE Energy has guaranteed.
The following table summarizes the major Consolidated Statements of Financial Position items for consolidated VIEs as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020. All assets and liabilities of a consolidated VIE are presented where it has been determined that a consolidated VIE has either (1) assets that can be used only to settle obligations of the VIE or (2) liabilities for which creditors do not have recourse to the general credit of the primary beneficiary. VIEs, in which DTE Energy holds a majority voting interest and is the primary beneficiary, that meet the definition of a business and whose assets can be used for purposes other than the settlement of the VIE's obligations have been excluded from the table below.
Amounts for DTE Energy's consolidated VIEs are as follows:
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
(In millions)
ASSETS
Cash and cash equivalents$23 $20 
Accounts receivable26 28 
Inventories45 107 
Property, plant, and equipment, net5 14 
Notes receivable and other67 33 
$166 $202 
LIABILITIES
Accounts payable$21 $22 
Short-term borrowings74 38 
Other current and long-term liabilities2 
$97 $64 
20


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
Amounts for DTE Energy's non-consolidated VIEs are as follows:
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
(In millions)
Investments in equity method investees$170 $159 
Notes receivable$16 $21 
Future funding commitments$3 $

NOTE 2 — SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Other Income
The following is a summary of DTE Energy's Other income:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions)
Income from REF entities$57 $43 $102 $95 
Equity earnings of equity method investees17 12 31 21 
Contract services6 21 20 
Allowance for equity funds used during construction7 20 19 
Gains from rabbi trust securities(a)
 4 24 
Other3 9 
$90 $75 $187 $188 
_______________________________________
(a)Losses from rabbi trust securities are recorded separately to Other expenses on the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
The following is a summary of DTE Electric's Other income:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions)
Contract services$6 $$21 $20 
Allowance for equity funds used during construction6 18 18 
Gains from rabbi trust securities allocated from DTE Energy(a)
 4 24 
Other2 9 
$14 $18 $52 $68 
_______________________________________
(a)Losses from rabbi trust securities are recorded separately to Other expenses on the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Comprehensive income (loss) is the change in common shareholders' equity during a period from transactions and events from non-owner sources, including Net Income. The amounts recorded to Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for DTE Energy include changes in benefit obligations, consisting of deferred actuarial losses and prior service costs, unrealized gains and losses from derivatives accounted for as cash flow hedges, and foreign currency translation adjustments. DTE Energy releases income tax effects from accumulated other comprehensive income when the circumstances upon which they are premised cease to exist.
Changes in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) are presented in DTE Energy's Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity and DTE Electric's Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholder's Equity. For DTE Energy, this includes a one-time reduction of $10 million in Accumulated other comprehensive loss due to the Separation of DT Midstream in the third quarter 2021. For the three and nine months ended months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, reclassifications out of Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) were not material.
21


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
Income Taxes
The interim effective tax rates of the Registrants are as follows:
Effective Tax Rate
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
DTE Energy186 %%(34)%%
DTE Electric12 %13 %10 %12 %
These tax rates are affected by estimated annual permanent items, including AFUDC equity, production tax credits, and other flow-through items, as well as discrete items that may occur in any given period, but are not consistent from period to period. DTE Energy's effective tax rates in 2021 have been significantly impacted by pre-tax losses in the third quarter, driven primarily by the loss on extinguishment of debt and reclassification of DT Midstream earnings to discontinued operations.
The 181% increase in DTE Energy's effective tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2021 was primarily due to a deferred tax remeasurement of 133%, production tax credits of 51%, and amortization of the TCJA regulatory liability of 35%, partially offset by a valuation allowance of 29% and recognition of a deferred intercompany gain of 13%.
The 36% decrease in DTE Energy’s effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was primarily due to a deferred tax remeasurement of 23%, production tax credits of 13%, and amortization of the TCJA regulatory liability of 9%, partially offset by the 2020 carryback of 2018 net operating losses due to the CARES Act of 4%, a valuation allowance of 4%, recognition of a deferred intercompany gain of 2%, and West Virginia tax law change of 2% in 2021.
The valuation allowance referenced above was established in the third quarter 2021 based on a change in DTE Energy's assessment of its ability to utilize certain charitable contribution carryforwards. The valuation allowance resulted in $18 million of deferred tax expense and was reflected in Income Tax Expense (Benefit) in the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021. For the deferred tax remeasurement and deferred intercompany gain noted above, refer to the "Separation of DT Midstream - Tax Impacts" section below for additional information.
The 1% decrease in DTE Electric's effective tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2021 was primarily due to production tax credits. The 2% decrease in DTE Electric's effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was primarily due to production tax credits of 1% and amortization of the TCJA regulatory liability of 1%.
DTE Electric had income tax receivables with DTE Energy of $11 million and $8 million at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.
Separation of DT Midstream - Tax Impacts
On July 1, 2021, DTE Energy completed the separation of its natural gas pipeline, storage and gathering non-utility business, DT Midstream. Refer to Note 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, "Dispositions and Impairments" for additional information regarding the separation. The separation was a tax free distribution to shareholders, but triggered certain tax effects at DTE Energy including the remeasurement of state deferred tax assets and liabilities and the recognition of a deferred intercompany gain. The state remeasurement reduced deferred tax liabilities and generated a deferred tax benefit of $85 million. The recognition of the deferred intercompany gain resulted in $9 million of additional deferred tax expense. Both of these impacts were reflected in Income Tax Expense (Benefit) in the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021.
Unrecognized Compensation Costs
As of September 30, 2021, DTE Energy had $76 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested stock incentive plan arrangements. That cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.4 years.
Allocated Stock-Based Compensation
DTE Electric received an allocation of costs from DTE Energy associated with stock-based compensation of $10 million and $12 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, while such allocation was $35 million and $28 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
22


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash
Cash and cash equivalents include cash on hand, cash in banks, and temporary investments purchased with remaining maturities of three months or less. Restricted cash consists of funds held in separate bank accounts to satisfy contractual obligations and guarantee performance. Restricted cash designated for payments within one year is classified as a Current Asset.
Financing Receivables
Financing receivables are primarily composed of trade receivables, notes receivable, and unbilled revenue. The Registrants' financing receivables are stated at net realizable value.
The Registrants monitor the credit quality of their financing receivables on a regular basis by reviewing credit quality indicators and monitoring for trigger events, such as a credit rating downgrade or bankruptcy. Credit quality indicators include, but are not limited to, ratings by credit agencies where available, collection history, collateral, counterparty financial statements and other internal metrics. Utilizing such data, the Registrants have determined three internal grades of credit quality. Internal grade 1 includes financing receivables for counterparties where credit rating agencies have ranked the counterparty as investment grade. To the extent credit ratings are not available, the Registrants utilize other credit quality indicators to determine the level of risk associated with the financing receivable. Internal grade 1 may include financing receivables for counterparties for which credit rating agencies have ranked the counterparty as below investment grade; however, due to favorable information on other credit quality indicators, the Registrants have determined the risk level to be similar to that of an investment grade counterparty. Internal grade 2 includes financing receivables for counterparties with limited credit information and those with a higher risk profile based upon credit quality indicators. Internal grade 3 reflects financing receivables for which the counterparties have the greatest level of risk, including those in bankruptcy status.
The following represents the Registrants' financing receivables by year of origination, classified by internal grade of credit risk. The related credit quality indicators and risk ratings utilized to develop the internal grades have been updated through September 30, 2021.
DTE EnergyDTE Electric
Year of Origination
202120202019 and PriorTotal2021 and Prior
(In millions)
Notes receivable
Internal grade 1$— $— $19 $19 $14 
Internal grade 2100 21 123 3 
Internal grade 3— — —   
Total notes receivable(a)
$2 $100 $40 $142 $17 
Net investment in leases
Net investment in leases, internal grade 1$— $$39 $41 $ 
Net investment in leases, internal grade 2— 159 160  
Total net investment in leases(a)
$ $161 $40 $201 $ 
_______________________________________
(a)For DTE Energy, included in Current Assets — Other and Other Assets — Notes Receivable on the Consolidated Statements of Financial Position. For DTE Electric, included in Current Assets — Other on the Consolidated Statements of Financial Position.
The allowance for doubtful accounts on accounts receivable for the utility entities is generally calculated using an aging approach that utilizes rates developed in reserve studies. DTE Electric and DTE Gas establish an allowance for uncollectible accounts based on historical losses and management's assessment of existing and future economic conditions, customer trends and other factors. Customer accounts are generally considered delinquent if the amount billed is not received by the due date, which is typically in 21 days, however, factors such as assistance programs may delay aggressive action. DTE Electric and DTE Gas generally assess late payment fees on trade receivables based on past-due terms with customers. Customer accounts are written off when collection efforts have been exhausted. The time period for write-off is 150 days after service has been terminated.
23


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
The customer allowance for doubtful accounts for non-utility businesses and other receivables for both utility and non-utility businesses is generally calculated based on specific review of probable future collections based on receivable balances generally in excess of 30 days. Existing and future economic conditions, customer trends and other factors are also considered. Receivables are written off on a specific identification basis and determined based upon the specific circumstances of the associated receivable.
Notes receivable for DTE Energy are primarily comprised of finance lease receivables and loans that are included in Notes Receivable and Other current assets on DTE Energy's Consolidated Statements of Financial Position. Notes receivable for DTE Electric are primarily comprised of loans.
Notes receivable are typically considered delinquent when payment is not received for periods ranging from 60 to 120 days. The Registrants cease accruing interest (nonaccrual status), consider a note receivable impaired, and establish an allowance for credit loss when it is probable that all principal and interest amounts due will not be collected in accordance with the contractual terms of the note receivable. In determining the allowance for credit losses for notes receivable, the Registrants consider the historical payment experience and other factors that are expected to have a specific impact on the counterparty's ability to pay including existing and future economic conditions.
Cash payments received on nonaccrual status notes receivable, that do not bring the account contractually current, are first applied to the contractually owed past due interest, with any remainder applied to principal. Accrual of interest is generally resumed when the note receivable becomes contractually current.
The following tables present a roll-forward of the activity for the Registrants' financing receivables credit loss reserves:
DTE EnergyDTE Electric
Trade accounts receivableOther receivablesTotalTrade and other accounts receivable
(In millions)
Beginning reserve balance, January 1, 2021$101 $$104 $57 
Current period provision41 42 27 
Write-offs charged against allowance(92)(1)(93)(58)
Recoveries of amounts previously written off49 — 49 29 
Ending reserve balance, September 30, 2021$99 $3 $102 $55 

DTE EnergyDTE Electric
Trade accounts receivableOther receivablesTotalTrade and other accounts receivable
(In millions)
Beginning reserve balance, January 1, 2020(a)
$79 $$83 $46 
Current period provision102 105 61 
Write-offs charged against allowance(130)(4)(134)(80)
Recoveries of amounts previously written off50 — 50 30 
Ending reserve balance, December 31, 2020$101 $$104 $57 
_______________________________________
(a)DTE Energy Trade accounts receivable beginning reserve balance excludes $8 million related to the discontinued operations of DT Midstream. Prospective activity includes only the continuing operations of DTE Energy.
24


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
Uncollectible expense for the Registrants is primarily comprised of the current period provision for allowance for doubtful accounts and is summarized as follows:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions)
DTE Energy$7 $22 $42 $72 
DTE Electric10 16 26 42 
There are no material amounts of past due financing receivables for the Registrants as of September 30, 2021.

NOTE 3 — NEW ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
Recently Adopted Pronouncements
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740) - Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes. The amendments in this update simplify the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions, and clarifying certain requirements regarding franchise taxes, goodwill, consolidated tax expenses, and annual effective tax rate calculations. The Registrants adopted the ASU effective January 1, 2021 using the modified retrospective and prospective approaches, where applicable. The adoption of the ASU did not have a significant impact on the Registrants' Consolidated Financial Statements.
In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-06, Debt - Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging - Contracts in Entity's Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity's Own Equity. The amendments in this update simplify the accounting for certain financial instruments with characteristics of liabilities and equity, including convertible instruments and contracts indexed to and potentially settled in an entity's own equity. The Registrants adopted the ASU effective January 1, 2021 using the modified retrospective approach. The adoption of the ASU did not have a significant impact on the Registrants' Consolidated Financial Statements.
Recently Issued Pronouncements
In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848) - Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting, as amended. The amendments in this update provide optional expedients and exceptions for applying GAAP to contract modifications and hedging relationships, subject to meeting certain criteria, that reference LIBOR or another reference rate expected to be discontinued. The guidance can be applied prospectively from any date beginning March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. The optional relief is temporary and cannot be applied to contract modifications and hedging relationships entered into or evaluated after December 31, 2022. The Registrants presently have various contracts that reference LIBOR and are assessing how this standard may be applied to specific contract modifications.
In July 2021, the FASB issued ASU No. 2021-05, Leases (Topic 842): Lessors – Certain Leases with Variable Lease Payments. The amendments in this update modify lease classification requirements for lessors, providing that lease contracts with variable lease payments that do not depend on a reference index or a rate should be classified as operating leases if they would have been classified as a sales-type or direct financing lease and resulted in the recognition of a selling loss at lease commencement. The ASU is effective for the Registrants for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, and interim periods therein. Early adoption is permitted. The Registrants are currently assessing the impact of this standard on their Consolidated Financial Statements.

25


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
NOTE 4 — DISPOSITIONS AND IMPAIRMENTS
Separation of DT Midstream
On October 27, 2020, DTE Energy announced that its Board of Directors had authorized management to pursue a plan to spin-off its natural gas pipeline, storage and gathering non-utility business. On July 1, 2021, DTE Energy completed the separation of the new company, DT Midstream, through the distribution of 96,732,466 shares of DT Midstream common stock to DTE Energy shareholders. The distribution reflected 100% of the outstanding common stock of DT Midstream as of 5:00 p.m. ET on June 18, 2021 (the “record date”). DTE Energy shareholders received one share of DT Midstream common stock for every two shares of DTE Energy common stock held at the close of business on the record date, with certain shareholders receiving cash in lieu of fractional shares of DT Midstream common stock. For U.S. federal income tax purposes, DTE Energy’s U.S. shareholders generally should not recognize gain or loss as a result of the distribution of DT Midstream stock, except with respect to cash received in lieu of fractional shares.
In June 2021, in order to facilitate the separation and settle intercompany balances with DTE Energy, DT Midstream issued long-term debt in the form of $2.1 billion senior notes and a $1.0 billion term loan. Using the debt proceeds, net of discount and issuance costs of $53 million, DT Midstream made the following cash payments:
Settled Short-term borrowings due to DTE Energy as of June 30, 2021 of $2,537 million
Settled affiliate Accounts Receivable due from DTE Energy and affiliate Accounts payable due to DTE Energy as of June 30, 2021 for net cash paid to DTE Energy of $9 million
Provided a one-time special dividend to DTE Energy of $501 million
These payments eliminated in consolidation and had no direct impact on DTE Energy’s Consolidated Financial Statements of Financial Position. During July and August 2021, DTE Energy used the proceeds received from DT Midstream to optionally redeem $2.6 billion of long-term debt. Refer to Note 10 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, “Long-term Debt,” for additional information.
Continuing Involvement
Following the separation on July 1, 2021, DT Midstream became an independent public company listed under the symbol “DTM” on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and DTE Energy no longer retains any ownership in DT Midstream. In order to govern the ongoing relationships between DT Midstream and DTE Energy after the separation and to facilitate an orderly transition, the parties entered into a series of agreements including the following:
Separation and Distribution Agreement – sets forth the principal actions to be taken in connection with the separation, including the transfer of assets and assumption of liabilities, among others, and sets forth other agreements governing aspects of the relationship between DTE Energy and DT Midstream
Transition Services Agreement – allows for DTE Energy to provide DT Midstream with specified services for a limited time and no longer than 24 months following the separation, with related costs to be paid by DT Midstream. Services include support for gas operations, information technology, accounting, tax, legal, human resources, and various other administrative services
Tax Matters Agreement – governs the respective rights, responsibilities and obligations of DTE Energy and DT Midstream after the separation with respect to all tax matters
Employee Matters Agreement – addresses certain employment, compensation and benefits matters, including the allocation and treatment of certain assets and liabilities relating to DT Midstream employees
In addition, DTE Energy and its subsidiaries have various commercial agreements that will continue after the separation. These agreements include certain pipeline, gathering, and storage services and operating and maintenance agreements, and are not considered material to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
26


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
Discontinued Operations
The table below reflects the financial results of DT Midstream that have been reclassified from continuing operations and included in discontinued operations within the Consolidated Statements of Operations. These results include the impact of tax-related adjustments and all transaction costs related to the separation. General corporate overhead costs have been excluded and no portion of corporate interest costs were allocated to discontinued operations.
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions)
Operating Revenues — Non-utility operations$ $204 $405 $546 
Operating Expenses
Cost of gas and other — non-utility 15 14 
Operation and maintenance(a)
30 32 124 80 
Depreciation and amortization 38 82 110 
Taxes other than income 13 12 
Asset (gains) losses and impairments, net (4)17 (4)
30 75 251 212 
Operating Income (Loss)(30)129 154 334 
Other (Income) and Deductions
Interest expense 29 50 82 
Interest income (4)(4)(6)
Other income (45)(62)(98)
 (20)(16)(22)
Income (Loss) from Discontinued Operations Before Income Taxes(30)149 170 356 
Income Tax Expense3 42 58 99 
Income (Loss) from Discontinued Operations, Net of Taxes(33)107 112 257 
Less: Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests 6 
Net Income (Loss) from Discontinued Operations$(33)$104 $106 $249 
_______________________________________
(a)Includes separation transaction costs of $30 million and $59 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively, for various legal, accounting and other professional services fees. There were no costs incurred in the comparable prior year periods. Total transaction costs of $67 million have been incurred since October 2020.

27


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
The table below reflects the major assets and liabilities that were transferred to DT Midstream and presented as discontinued operations in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Position as of December 31, 2020.
December 31, 2020
(In millions)
Total Assets of Discontinued Operations
Cash$42 
Accounts receivable126 
Inventories8 
Other44 
Current assets of DT Midstream220 
Less: Previously affiliated amounts eliminated at DTE Energy3 
Current assets of discontinued operations for DTE Energy217 
Investments in equity method investees1,691 
Net property, plant, and equipment3,470 
Goodwill473 
Intangible assets2,140 
Notes receivable19 
Operating lease right-of-use assets45 
Other21 
Noncurrent assets of discontinued operations for DTE Energy7,859 
Total Assets of Discontinued Operations for DTE Energy$8,076 
Total Liabilities of Discontinued Operations
Accounts payable$39 
Operating lease liabilities17 
Short-term borrowings due to DTE Energy(a)
2,913 
Other53 
Current liabilities of DT Midstream3,022 
Less: Previously affiliated amounts eliminated at DTE Energy2,923 
Current liabilities of discontinued operations for DTE Energy99 
Deferred income taxes753 
Asset retirement obligations10 
Operating lease liabilities28 
Other45 
Noncurrent liabilities of discontinued operations for DTE Energy836 
Total Liabilities of Discontinued Operations for DTE Energy$935 
______________________________________
(a)Short-term borrowings due to DTE Energy resulted in an intercompany note receivable in the Corporate and Other segment at December 31, 2020. The settlement of these borrowings in June 2021 and use of proceeds to redeem DTE Energy long-term debt in the third quarter 2021 has reduced the Total Assets of the Corporate and Other segment in the current period. Other changes in DTE Energy's Total Assets due to the separation of DT Midstream primarily relate to the elimination of Gas Storage and Pipelines segment assets in 2021.
There were no assets or liabilities from discontinued operations as of September 30, 2021. DT Midstream had net assets of $4.0 billion that separated on July 1, 2021 that resulted in a reduction to DTE Energy's equity during the third quarter. Refer to the Separation of DT Midstream line within DTE Energy's Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity for further details.
28


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
The following table is a summary of significant non-cash items, capital expenditures, and significant financing activities of discontinued operations included in DTE Energy's Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows:
Nine Months Ended September 30,
20212020
(In millions)
Operating Activities
Depreciation and amortization$82 $110 
Deferred income taxes57 95 
Equity earnings of equity method investees(59)(75)
Asset (gains) losses and impairments, net19 (4)
Investing Activities
Plant and equipment expenditures — non-utility$(60)$(440)
Financing Activities
Acquisition related deferred payment, excluding accretion$ $(380)
DTE Vantage Segment Impairment
DTE Vantage owns a pulverized coal facility located at DTE Electric’s River Rouge power plant. The facility provides pulverized coal to a steel industry customer through a supply agreement expiring in 2028. The River Rouge plant provides operation and maintenance services to the facility through an agreement which also expires in 2028.
During the second quarter 2021, DTE Electric retired the River Rouge plant and provided an early termination notice of the operation and maintenance services agreement with the pulverized coal facility. The termination would be effective December 31, 2021, at which point DTE Vantage expects to cease operations at the facility.
In connection with these events, DTE Energy performed an impairment analysis of the pulverized coal facility long-lived assets in accordance with ASC 360, Property, Plant and Equipment. Based on its undiscounted cash flow projections, DTE Energy determined that the carrying value of the pulverized coal facility asset group is not recoverable. As a result, DTE Energy recorded a non-cash impairment charge of $27 million, which is included in Asset (gains) losses and impairments, net on DTE Energy’s Consolidated Statements of Operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2021. The charge included $18 million to fully impair the long-lived assets recorded to Property, plant and equipment and a $9 million write-down of Other noncurrent assets to fair value. Fair value of the assets was determined using an income approach, which utilized assumptions including management’s best estimates of the expected future cash flows, the estimated useful life of the asset group and discount rate.
There were no other adjustments deemed necessary as of September 30, 2021 related to the closure of the facility. DTE Energy is currently monitoring contract negotiations with the steel industry customer to determine any future impacts. An estimate of such impacts cannot be determined at this time as alternatives are currently being evaluated; however, the likelihood of any impact being material to DTE Energy’s Consolidated Financial Statements is remote.

29


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
NOTE 5 — REVENUE
Disaggregation of Revenue
The following is a summary of revenues disaggregated by segment for DTE Energy:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions)
Electric(a)
Residential$885 $900 $2,262 $2,169 
Commercial533 498 1,452 1,313 
Industrial167 157 473 434 
Other(b)
117 138 290 305 
Total Electric operating revenues$1,702 $1,693 $4,477 $4,221 
Gas
Gas sales$95 $92 $726 $655 
End User Transportation38 34 171 154 
Intermediate Transportation16 15 59 57 
Other(b)
44 32 114 98 
Total Gas operating revenues$193 $173 $1,070 $964 
Other segment operating revenues
DTE Vantage$372 $324 $1,132 $850 
Energy Trading$1,602 $1,061 $4,208 $2,714 
_______________________________________
(a)Revenues generally represent those of DTE Electric, except $2 million and $3 million of Other revenues related to DTE Sustainable Generation for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $9 million and $10 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
(b)Includes revenue adjustments related to various regulatory mechanisms.
Revenues included the following which were outside the scope of Topic 606:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions)
Electric — Other revenues$6 $$14 $18 
Gas — Alternative Revenue Programs —  
Gas — Other revenues1 5 
DTE Vantage — Leases26 26 70 74 
Energy Trading — Derivatives1,324 731 3,377 1,835 
Deferred Revenue
The following is a summary of deferred revenue activity:
DTE Energy
(In millions)
Beginning Balance, January 1, 2021(a)
$65 
Increases due to cash received or receivable, excluding amounts recognized as revenue during the period79 
Revenue recognized that was included in the deferred revenue balance at the beginning of the period(19)
Ending Balance, September 30, 2021$125 
_______________________________________
(a)Excludes $22 million of deferred revenue related to the discontinued operations of DT Midstream. Prospective activity includes only the continuing operations of DTE Energy.
30


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
The deferred revenues at DTE Energy generally represent amounts paid by or receivable from customers for which the associated performance obligation has not yet been satisfied.
Deferred revenues include amounts associated with REC performance obligations under certain wholesale full requirements power contracts. Deferred revenues associated with RECs are recognized as revenue when control of the RECs has transferred.
Other performance obligations associated with deferred revenues include providing products and services related to customer prepayments. Deferred revenues associated with these products and services are recognized when control has transferred to the customer.
The following table represents deferred revenue amounts for DTE Energy that are expected to be recognized as revenue in future periods:
DTE Energy
(In millions)
2021$72 
202250 
2023
2024
2025— 
2026 and thereafter
$125 
Transaction Price Allocated to the Remaining Performance Obligations
In accordance with optional exemptions available under Topic 606, the Registrants did not disclose the value of unsatisfied performance obligations for (1) contracts with an original expected length of one year or less, (2) with the exception of fixed consideration, contracts for which revenue is recognized at the amount to which the Registrants have the right to invoice for goods provided and services performed, and (3) contracts for which variable consideration relates entirely to an unsatisfied performance obligation.
Such contracts consist of varying types of performance obligations across the segments, including the supply and delivery of energy related products and services. Contracts with variable volumes and/or variable pricing, including those with pricing provisions tied to a consumer price or other index, have also been excluded as the related consideration under the contract is variable at inception of the contract. Contract lengths vary from cancellable to multi-year.
The Registrants expect to recognize revenue for the following amounts related to fixed consideration associated with remaining performance obligations in each of the future periods noted:
DTE EnergyDTE Electric
(In millions)
2021$41 $
2022308 
2023264 
2024159 
202580 
2026 and thereafter421 — 
$1,273 $25 

31


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
NOTE 6 — REGULATORY MATTERS
2020-2021 Accounting Applications
On July 9, 2020, the MPSC approved DTE Electric's request to accelerate amortization of the portion of its refundable federal income taxes regulatory liability related to non-plant accumulated deferred income tax balances that resulted from the TCJA. DTE Electric was authorized to increase amortization by $102 million beginning in May 2021, which would fully amortize this portion of the liability by the end of 2021 instead of April 2033. The accelerated amortization would not impact customer rates and would allow DTE Electric to defer its next rate case filing previously set for July 2020 to March 2021.
On February 26, 2021, DTE Electric filed an additional application requesting a delay in the accelerated amortization approved in the 2020 application. DTE Electric requested delaying the start of amortization from May 2021 to December 1, 2021, which would fully amortize these balances by the end of 2022 and allow DTE Electric to further defer its next rate case filing. The accounting application was approved by the MPSC on April 8, 2021.
On August 31, 2021, DTE Electric filed an accounting application with the MPSC requesting approval of a one-time voluntary refund of $70 million collected in 2021 associated with the unexpected customer usage patterns due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This refund would be administered by investing in additional tree trimming without seeking future cost recovery. Such efforts would serve to improve customer reliability without impacting rates, thus providing an affordability benefit to customers. These investments would be incremental to the Tree Trim Surge expenses previously authorized by the MPSC.
DTE Electric anticipates receiving an order by the end of 2021. If approved by the end of the year, a regulatory liability will be recognized at that time. The regulatory liability would be reduced as the additional tree trim expenses are incurred during the remainder of 2021 through 2023. If the full $70 million is not spent by the end of 2023, DTE Electric would provide refunds to customers via bill credits for any shortage.
2021 Securitization Filing
On March 26, 2021, DTE Electric filed an application requesting a financing order approving the securitization of $184 million of qualified costs related to the net book value of the River Rouge generation plant and tree trimming surge program costs. The filing requested collection of these qualifying costs from DTE Electric's customers.
A final MPSC order was issued on June 23, 2021 authorizing DTE Electric to proceed with the issuance of securitization bonds for qualified costs of up to $236 million, increased for the inclusion of deferred income taxes. The order authorized customer charges for the timely recovery of the amount securitized and other ongoing qualified costs. Securitization is expected in the first quarter 2022.
2021 Gas Rate Case Filing
DTE Gas filed a rate case with the MPSC on February 12, 2021 requesting an increase in base rates of $195 million based on a projected twelve-month period ending December 31, 2022. The requested increase in base rates is primarily due to an increase in net plant resulting from infrastructure investments and operating and maintenance expenses. The rate filing also requested an increase in return on equity from 9.9% to 10.25% and includes projected changes in sales and working capital. A final MPSC order in this case is expected by December 2021.

32


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
NOTE 7 — COMMON STOCK AND EARNINGS PER SHARE
Earnings per Share
Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing net income, adjusted for income allocated to participating securities, by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share reflect the dilution that would occur if any potentially dilutive instruments were exercised or converted into common shares. DTE Energy’s participating securities are restricted shares under the stock incentive program that contain rights to receive non-forfeitable dividends. Equity units and performance shares do not receive cash dividends; as such, these awards are not considered participating securities.
The following is a reconciliation of DTE Energy's basic and diluted income per share calculation:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions, except per share amounts)
Basic Earnings per Share
Net Income attributable to DTE Energy — continuing operations$58 $372 $495 $844 
Less: Allocation of earnings to net restricted stock awards 1 
$58 $371 $494 $842 
Net Income (Loss) attributable to DTE Energy — discontinued operations(33)104 106 249 
Net income available to common shareholders — basic$25 $475 $600 $1,091 
Average number of common shares outstanding — basic193 193 193 192 
Income from continuing operations$0.30 $1.93 $2.55 $4.37 
Income (loss) from discontinued operations(0.17)0.54 0.55 1.30 
Basic Earnings per Common Share$0.13 $2.47 $3.10 $5.67 
Diluted Earnings per Share
Net Income attributable to DTE Energy — continuing operations$58 $372 $495 $844 
Less: Allocation of earnings to net restricted stock awards 1 
$58 $371 $494 $842 
Net Income (Loss) attributable to DTE Energy — discontinued operations(33)104 106 249 
Net income available to common shareholders — diluted$25 $475 $600 $1,091 
Average number of common shares outstanding — basic193 193 193 192 
Average dilutive equity units, performance share awards, and stock options1 — 1 
Average number of common shares outstanding — diluted194 193 194 193 
Income from continuing operations$0.30 $1.92 $2.55 $4.37 
Income (loss) from discontinued operations(0.17)0.54 0.55 1.29 
Diluted Earnings per Common Share(a)
$0.13 $2.46 $3.10 $5.66 
_______________________________________
(a)Equity Units excluded from the calculation of diluted EPS were approximately 11.1 million and 10.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and 11.5 million and 10.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, as the dilutive stock price threshold was not met.
33


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
Stock Purchase Contract Adjustments
In December 2019, DTE Energy closed on the purchase of midstream natural gas assets. The acquisition was financed through the issuance of Senior Notes, common stock, and $1.3 billion of Equity Units. Each Equity Unit has a stated amount of $50 and was initially issued in the form of a Corporate Unit, comprised of (i) a forward purchase contract to buy DTE Energy common stock (stock purchase contract) and (ii) a 1/20 undivided beneficial ownership interest in a $1,000 principal amount of DTE Energy’s 2019 Series F 2.25% RSNs due 2025.
The stock purchase contract obligates the holder to purchase from DTE Energy on the settlement date, November 1, 2022, for a price of $50 per stock purchase contract, a certain number of shares of DTE Energy’s common stock. As a result of the spin-off of DT Midstream in July 2021, there was a change in the settlement rates in the stock purchase contract to reflect the dividend of DT Midstream stock to DTE Energy shareholders. As adjusted for this change, anti-dilution adjustments to date, and subject to future anti-dilution adjustments, the following number of shares must be purchased:
if the AMV of DTE Energy’s common stock, which is the average volume-weighted average price of DTE Energy’s common stock for the trading days during the 20 consecutive scheduled trading day period ending on the third scheduled trading day immediately preceding the stock purchase contract settlement date, is equal to or greater than $133.08, 0.3757 shares of common stock;
if the AMV is less than $133.08 but greater than $106.50, a number of shares of common stock equal to $50 divided by the AMV; and
if the AMV is less than or equal to $106.50, 0.4695 shares of common stock.
The present value of future contract adjustment payments of $150 million was initially recorded as a reduction of shareholders’ equity, offset by the stock purchase contract liability. The stock purchase contract liability was not impacted by the change in settlement rates and a liability of $64 million remains included in Current Liabilities — Other and Other Liabilities — Other on DTE Energy’s Consolidated Statements of Financial Position as of September 30, 2021. DTE Energy will continue issuing quarterly payments through the settlement date of November 1, 2022.
The treasury stock method is used to compute diluted EPS for the stock purchase contract. Under the treasury stock method, the stock purchase contract will only have a dilutive effect when the settlement rate is based on the market value of DTE’s common stock that is greater than $133.08 (the threshold appreciation price). At September 30, 2021, the stock purchase price contract was anti-dilutive and, therefore, not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share.
Until settlement of the stock purchase contracts, the shares of stock underlying each contract are not outstanding. Under the terms of the stock purchase contracts, assuming no anti-dilution or other adjustments, DTE Energy will issue between 9.8 million and 12.2 million shares of its common stock in November 2022. A total of 13 million shares of DTE Energy’s common stock have been reserved for issuance in connection with the stock purchase contracts.
For additional information regarding the equity units, refer to Note 15, "Long-term Debt" in the combined DTE Energy and DTE Electric 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
34


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
NOTE 8 — FAIR VALUE
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date in a principal or most advantageous market. Fair value is a market-based measurement that is determined based on inputs, which refer broadly to assumptions that market participants use in pricing assets or liabilities. These inputs can be readily observable, market corroborated, or generally unobservable inputs. The Registrants make certain assumptions they believe that market participants would use in pricing assets or liabilities, including assumptions about risk, and the risks inherent in the inputs to valuation techniques. Credit risk of the Registrants and their counterparties is incorporated in the valuation of assets and liabilities through the use of credit reserves, the impact of which was immaterial at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020. The Registrants believe they use valuation techniques that maximize the use of observable market-based inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs.
A fair value hierarchy has been established that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value in three broad levels. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3). In some cases, the inputs used to measure fair value might fall in different levels of the fair value hierarchy. All assets and liabilities are required to be classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. Assessing the significance of a particular input may require judgment considering factors specific to the asset or liability and may affect the valuation of the asset or liability and its placement within the fair value hierarchy. The Registrants classify fair value balances based on the fair value hierarchy defined as follows:
Level 1 — Consists of unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Registrants have the ability to access as of the reporting date.
Level 2 — Consists of inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are directly observable for the asset or liability or indirectly observable through corroboration with observable market data.
Level 3 — Consists of unobservable inputs for assets or liabilities whose fair value is estimated based on internally developed models or methodologies using inputs that are generally less readily observable and supported by little, if any, market activity at the measurement date. Unobservable inputs are developed based on the best available information and subject to cost-benefit constraints.
35


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
The following table presents assets and liabilities for DTE Energy measured and recorded at fair value on a recurring basis:
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Level
1
Level
2
Level
3
Other(a)
Netting(b)
Net BalanceLevel
1
Level
2
Level
3
Other(a)
Netting(b)
Net Balance
(In millions)
Assets
Cash equivalents(c)
$9 $ $ $ $ $9 $438 $— $— $— $— $438 
Nuclear decommissioning trusts
Equity securities944   196  1,140 947 — — 222 — 1,169 
Fixed income securities127 429  102  658 102 371 — 82 — 555 
Private equity and other   175  175 — — — 104 — 104 
Cash equivalents34     34 27 — — — — 27 
Other investments(d)
Equity securities61     61 55 — — — — 55 
Fixed income securities7     7 — — — — 
Cash equivalents86     86 97 — — — — 97 
Derivative assets
Commodity contracts(e)
Natural gas579 146 53  (715)63 99 74 60 — (156)77 
Electricity 707 245  (627)325 — 128 52 — (120)60 
Environmental & Other 598 12  (570)40 — 150 — (135)19 
Total derivative assets579 1,451 310  (1,912)428 99 352 116 — (411)156 
Total$1,847 $1,880 $310 $473 $(1,912)$2,598 $1,773 $723 $116 $408 $(411)$2,609 
Liabilities
Derivative liabilities
Commodity contracts(e)
Natural gas$(425)$(297)$(333)$ $664 $(391)$(88)$(59)$(76)$— $151 $(72)
Electricity (576)(340) 614 (302)— (126)(42)— 125 (43)
Environmental & Other (581)  570 (11)— (137)— — 129 (8)
Foreign currency exchange contracts (5)   (5)— (5)0— — (5)
Total$(425)$(1,459)$(673)$ $1,848 $(709)$(88)$(327)$(118)$— $405 $(128)
Net Assets (Liabilities) at end of period$1,422 $421 $(363)$473 $(64)$1,889 $1,685 $396 $(2)$408 $(6)$2,481 
Assets
Current$506 $1,183 $258 $ $(1,591)$356 $532 $260 $92 $— $(330)$554 
Noncurrent1,341 697 52 473 (321)2,242 1,241 463 24 408 (81)2,055 
Total Assets$1,847 $1,880 $310 $473 $(1,912)$2,598 $1,773 $723 $116 $408 $(411)$2,609 
Liabilities
Current$(409)$(1,138)$(464)$ $1,546 $(465)$(84)$(223)$(79)$— $318 $(68)
Noncurrent(16)(321)(209) 302 (244)(4)(104)(39)— 87 (60)
Total Liabilities$(425)$(1,459)$(673)$ $1,848 $(709)$(88)$(327)$(118)$— $405 $(128)
Net Assets (Liabilities) at end of period$1,422 $421 $(363)$473 $(64)$1,889 $1,685 $396 $(2)$408 $(6)$2,481 
_______________________________________
(a)Amounts represent assets valued at NAV as a practical expedient for fair value.
(b)Amounts represent the impact of master netting agreements that allow DTE Energy to net gain and loss positions and cash collateral held or placed with the same counterparties.
(c)Amounts consisted of $1 million and $2 million of cash equivalents included in Restricted cash on DTE Energy's Consolidated Statements of Financial Position at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. All other amounts are included in Cash and cash equivalents on the Consolidated Statements of Financial Position.
(d)Excludes cash surrender value of life insurance investments.
(e)For contracts with a clearing agent, DTE Energy nets all activity across commodities. This can result in some individual commodities having a contra balance.
36


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
The following table presents assets for DTE Electric measured and recorded at fair value on a recurring basis as of:
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Level 1Level 2Level 3
Other(a)
Net BalanceLevel 1Level 2Level 3
Other(a)
Net Balance
(In millions)
Assets
Cash equivalents$ $ $ $ $ $$— $— $— $
Nuclear decommissioning trusts
Equity securities944   196 1,140 947 — — 222 1,169 
Fixed income securities127 429  102 658 102 371 — 82 555 
Private equity and other   175 175 — — — 104 104 
Cash equivalents34    34 27 — — — 27 
Other investments
Equity securities18    18 16 — — — 16 
Cash equivalents11    11 11 — — — 11 
Derivative assets — FTRs  12  12 — — — 
Total$1,134 $429 $12 $473 $2,048 $1,107 $371 $$408 $1,890 
Assets
Current$ $ $12 $ $12 $$— $$— $
Noncurrent1,134 429  473 2,036 1,103 371 — 408 1,882 
Total Assets$1,134 $429 $12 $473 $2,048 $1,107 $371 $$408 $1,890 
_______________________________________
(a)Amounts represent assets valued at NAV as a practical expedient for fair value.
Cash Equivalents
Cash equivalents include investments with maturities of three months or less when purchased. The cash equivalents shown in the fair value table are comprised of short-term investments and money market funds.
Nuclear Decommissioning Trusts and Other Investments
The nuclear decommissioning trusts and other investments hold debt and equity securities directly and indirectly through commingled funds. Exchange-traded debt and equity securities held directly, as well as publicly-traded commingled funds, are valued using quoted market prices in actively traded markets. Non-exchange traded fixed income securities are valued based upon quotations available from brokers or pricing services.
Non-publicly traded commingled funds holding exchange-traded equity or debt securities are valued based on stated NAVs. There are no significant restrictions for these funds and investments may be redeemed with 7 to 65 days notice depending on the fund. There is no intention to sell the investment in these commingled funds.
Private equity and other assets include a diversified group of funds that are classified as NAV assets. These funds primarily invest in limited partnerships, including private equity, private real estate and private credit. Distributions are received through the liquidation of the underlying fund assets over the life of the funds. There are generally no redemption rights. The limited partner must hold the fund for its life or find a third-party buyer, which may need to be approved by the general partner. The funds are established with varied contractual durations generally in the range of 7 years to 12 years. The fund life can often be extended by several years by the general partner, and further extended with the approval of the limited partners. Unfunded commitments related to these investments totaled $155 million and $183 million as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.
For pricing the nuclear decommissioning trusts and other investments, a primary price source is identified by asset type, class, or issue for each security. The trustee monitors prices supplied by pricing services and may use a supplemental price source or change the primary source of a given security if the trustee determines that another price source is considered preferable. The Registrants have obtained an understanding of how these prices are derived, including the nature and observability of the inputs used in deriving such prices.
37


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
Derivative Assets and Liabilities
Derivative assets and liabilities are comprised of physical and financial derivative contracts, including futures, forwards, options, and swaps that are both exchange-traded and over-the-counter traded contracts. Various inputs are used to value derivatives depending on the type of contract and availability of market data. Exchange-traded derivative contracts are valued using quoted prices in active markets. The Registrants consider the following criteria in determining whether a market is considered active: frequency in which pricing information is updated, variability in pricing between sources or over time, and the availability of public information. Other derivative contracts are valued based upon a variety of inputs including commodity market prices, broker quotes, interest rates, credit ratings, default rates, market-based seasonality, and basis differential factors. The Registrants monitor the prices that are supplied by brokers and pricing services and may use a supplemental price source or change the primary price source of an index if prices become unavailable or another price source is determined to be more representative of fair value. The Registrants have obtained an understanding of how these prices are derived. Additionally, the Registrants selectively corroborate the fair value of their transactions by comparison of market-based price sources. Mathematical valuation models are used for derivatives for which external market data is not readily observable, such as contracts which extend beyond the actively traded reporting period. The Registrants have established a Risk Management Committee whose responsibilities include directly or indirectly ensuring all valuation methods are applied in accordance with predefined policies. The development and maintenance of the Registrants' forward price curves has been assigned to DTE Energy's Risk Management Department, which is separate and distinct from the trading functions within DTE Energy.
The following table presents the fair value reconciliation of Level 3 assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis for DTE Energy:
Three Months Ended September 30, 2021Three Months Ended September 30, 2020
Natural GasElectricityOtherTotalNatural GasElectricityOtherTotal
(In millions)
Net Assets (Liabilities) as of June 30$(181)$(49)$15 $(215)$20 $16 $10 $46 
Transfers from Level 3 into Level 2    (1)— — (1)
Total gains (losses)
Included in earnings(a)
(162)(21) (183)(80)37 (42)
Recorded in Regulatory liabilities  (1)(1)— — 
Purchases, issuances, and settlements
Settlements63 (25)(2)36 22 (48)(13)(39)
Net Assets (Liabilities) as of September 30$(280)$(95)$12 $(363)$(39)$$$(27)
Total gains (losses) included in Net Income attributed to the change in unrealized gains (losses) related to assets and liabilities held at September 30(a)
$(109)$(30)$(2)$(141)$(57)$11 $(1)$(47)
_______________________________________
(a)Amounts are reflected in Operating Revenues — Non-utility operations and Fuel, purchased power, gas, and other — non-utility in DTE Energy's Consolidated Statements of Operations.
38


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020
Natural GasElectricityOtherTotalNatural GasElectricityOtherTotal
(In millions)
Net Assets (Liabilities) as of December 31$(16)$10 $4 $(2)$(15)$16 $$
Transfers from Level 3 into Level 2    (5)— — (5)
Total gains (losses)
Included in earnings(a)
(356)(5) (361)(44)90 (7)39 
Recorded in Regulatory liabilities  14 14 — — 21 21 
Purchases, issuances, and settlements
Settlements92 (100)(6)(14)25 (101)(10)(86)
Net Assets (Liabilities) as of September 30$(280)$(95)$12 $(363)$(39)$$$(27)
Total gains (losses) included in Net Income attributed to the change in unrealized gains (losses) related to assets and liabilities held at September 30(a)
$(301)$(54)$(17)$(372)$(20)$53 $(17)$16 
Total gains (losses) included in Regulatory liabilities attributed to the change in unrealized gains (losses) related to assets and liabilities held at September 30$ $ $12 $12 $— $— $$
_______________________________________
(a)Amounts are reflected in Operating Revenues — Non-utility operations and Fuel, purchased power, gas, and other — non-utility in DTE Energy's Consolidated Statements of Operations.
The following table presents the fair value reconciliation of Level 3 assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis for DTE Electric:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions)
Net Assets as of beginning of period$15 $10 $4 $
Change in fair value recorded in Regulatory liabilities(1)14 21 
Purchases, issuances, and settlements
Settlements(2)(12)(6)(17)
Net Assets as of September 30$12 $$12 $
Total gains (losses) included in Regulatory liabilities attributed to the change in unrealized gains (losses) related to assets and liabilities held at September 30$ $— $12 $
Derivatives are transferred between levels primarily due to changes in the source data used to construct price curves as a result of changes in market liquidity. Transfers in and transfers out are reflected as if they had occurred at the beginning of the period. There were no transfers from or into Level 3 for DTE Electric during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020.
The following tables present the unobservable inputs related to DTE Energy's Level 3 assets and liabilities:
September 30, 2021
Commodity ContractsDerivative AssetsDerivative LiabilitiesValuation TechniquesUnobservable InputRangeWeighted Average
(In millions)
Natural Gas$53 $(333)Discounted Cash FlowForward basis price (per MMBtu)$(1.33)$3.53 /MMBtu$(0.04)/MMBtu
Electricity$245 $(340)Discounted Cash FlowForward basis price (per MWh)$(8)$10 /MWh$(1)/MWh
39


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
December 31, 2020
Commodity ContractsDerivative AssetsDerivative LiabilitiesValuation TechniquesUnobservable InputRangeWeighted Average
(In millions)
Natural Gas$60 $(76)Discounted Cash FlowForward basis price (per MMBtu)$(0.86)$2.50 /MMBtu$(0.07)/MMBtu
Electricity$52 $(42)Discounted Cash FlowForward basis price (per MWh)$(9)$/MWh$— /MWh
The unobservable inputs used in the fair value measurement of the electricity and natural gas commodity types consist of inputs that are less observable due in part to lack of available broker quotes, supported by little, if any, market activity at the measurement date or are based on internally developed models. Certain basis prices (i.e., the difference in pricing between two locations) included in the valuation of natural gas and electricity contracts were deemed unobservable. The weighted average price for unobservable inputs was calculated using the average of forward price curves for natural gas and electricity and the absolute value of monthly volumes.
The inputs listed above would have had a direct impact on the fair values of the above security types if they were adjusted. A significant increase (decrease) in the basis price would have resulted in a higher (lower) fair value for long positions, with offsetting impacts to short positions.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The following table presents the carrying amount and fair value of financial instruments for DTE Energy:
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
CarryingFair ValueCarryingFair Value
AmountLevel 1Level 2Level 3AmountLevel 1Level 2Level 3
(In millions)
Notes receivable(a), excluding lessor finance leases
$142 $ $ $142 $141 $— $— $141 
Short-term borrowings$361 $ $361 $ $38 $— $38 $— 
Notes payable(b)
$5 $ $ $5 $19 $— $— $19 
Long-term debt(c)
$17,222 $2,241 $15,486 $1,104 $19,439 $2,547 $18,230 $1,397 
_______________________________________
(a)Current portion included in Current Assets — Other on DTE Energy's Consolidated Statements of Financial Position.
(b)Included in Current Liabilities — Other and Other Liabilities — Other on DTE Energy's Consolidated Statements of Financial Position.
(c)Includes debt due within one year and excludes finance lease obligations. Carrying value also includes unamortized debt discounts and issuance costs.
The following table presents the carrying amount and fair value of financial instruments for DTE Electric:
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
CarryingFair ValueCarryingFair Value
AmountLevel 1Level 2Level 3AmountLevel 1Level 2Level 3
(In millions)
Notes receivable(a)
$17 $ $ $17 $16 $— $— $16 
Short-term borrowings — affiliates$32 $ $ $32 $101 $— $— $101 
Short-term borrowings — other$159 $ $159 $ $— $— $— $— 
Notes payable(b)
$4 $ $ $4 $17 $— $— $17 
Long-term debt(c)
$8,906 $ $9,952 $150 $8,236 $— $9,579 $379 
_______________________________________
(a)Included in Current Assets — Other on DTE Electric's Consolidated Statements of Financial Position.
(b)Included in Current Liabilities — Other and Other Liabilities — Other on DTE Electric's Consolidated Statements of Financial Position.
(c)Includes debt due within one year and excludes finance lease obligations. Carrying value also includes unamortized debt discounts and issuance costs.
For further fair value information on financial and derivative instruments, see Note 9 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, "Financial and Other Derivative Instruments."
40


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
Nuclear Decommissioning Trust Funds
DTE Electric has a legal obligation to decommission its nuclear power plants following the expiration of its operating licenses. This obligation is reflected as an Asset retirement obligation on DTE Electric's Consolidated Statements of Financial Position. Rates approved by the MPSC provide for the recovery of decommissioning costs of Fermi 2 and the disposal of low-level radioactive waste.
The following table summarizes DTE Electric's fair value of the nuclear decommissioning trust fund assets:
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
(In millions)
Fermi 2$1,989 $1,841 
Fermi 13 
Low-level radioactive waste15 11 
$2,007 $1,855 
The costs of securities sold are determined on the basis of specific identification. The following table sets forth DTE Electric's gains and losses and proceeds from the sale of securities by the nuclear decommissioning trust funds:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions)
Realized gains$21 $38 $80 $172 
Realized losses$(1)$(11)$(9)$(103)
Proceeds from sale of securities$217 $816 $854 $2,054 
Realized gains and losses from the sale of securities and unrealized gains and losses incurred by the Fermi 2 trust are recorded to Regulatory assets and the Nuclear decommissioning liability. Realized gains and losses from the sale of securities and unrealized gains and losses on the low-level radioactive waste funds are recorded to the Nuclear decommissioning liability.
The following table sets forth DTE Electric's fair value and unrealized gains and losses for the nuclear decommissioning trust funds:
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Fair
Value
Unrealized
Gains
Unrealized
Losses
Fair
Value
Unrealized
Gains
Unrealized
Losses
(In millions)
Equity securities$1,140 $507 $(8)$1,169 $481 $(6)
Fixed income securities658 24 (5)555 20 (1)
Private equity and other175 41 (2)104 — — 
Cash equivalents34   27 — — 
$2,007 $572 $(15)$1,855 $501 $(7)
The following table summarizes the fair value of the fixed income securities held in nuclear decommissioning trust funds by contractual maturity:
September 30, 2021
(In millions)
Due within one year$11 
Due after one through five years138 
Due after five through ten years112 
Due after ten years295 
$556 
41


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
Fixed income securities held in nuclear decommissioning trust funds include $102 million of non-publicly traded commingled funds that do not have a contractual maturity date.
Other Securities
At September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Registrants' securities included in Other investments on the Consolidated Statements of Financial Position were comprised primarily of investments within DTE Energy's rabbi trust. The rabbi trust was established to fund certain non-qualified pension benefits, and therefore changes in market value are recognized in earnings. Gains and losses are allocated from DTE Energy to DTE Electric and are included in Other Income or Other Expense, respectively, in the Registrants' Consolidated Statements of Operations. The following table summarizes the Registrant's gains (losses) related to the trust:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions)
Gains (losses) related to equity securities$(1)$$3 $(4)
Gains (losses) related to fixed income securities —  (3)
$(1)$$3 $(7)

NOTE 9 — FINANCIAL AND OTHER DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS
The Registrants recognize all derivatives at their fair value as Derivative assets or liabilities on their respective Consolidated Statements of Financial Position unless they qualify for certain scope exceptions, including the normal purchases and normal sales exception. Further, derivatives that qualify and are designated for hedge accounting are classified as either hedges of a forecasted transaction or the variability of cash flows to be received or paid related to a recognized asset or liability (cash flow hedge); or as hedges of the fair value of a recognized asset or liability or of an unrecognized firm commitment (fair value hedge). For cash flow hedges, the derivative gain or loss is deferred in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and later reclassified into earnings when the underlying transaction occurs. For fair value hedges, changes in fair values for the derivative and hedged item are recognized in earnings each period. For derivatives that do not qualify or are not designated for hedge accounting, changes in fair value are recognized in earnings each period.
The Registrants' primary market risk exposure is associated with commodity prices, credit, and interest rates. The Registrants have risk management policies to monitor and manage market risks. The Registrants use derivative instruments to manage some of the exposure. DTE Energy uses derivative instruments for trading purposes in its Energy Trading segment. Contracts classified as derivative instruments include electricity, natural gas, oil, certain environmental contracts, forwards, futures, options, swaps, and foreign currency exchange contracts. Items not classified as derivatives include natural gas and environmental inventory, pipeline transportation contracts, certain environmental contracts, and natural gas storage assets.
DTE Electric — DTE Electric generates, purchases, distributes, and sells electricity. DTE Electric uses forward contracts to manage changes in the price of electricity and fuel. Substantially all of these contracts meet the normal purchases and normal sales exception and are therefore accounted for under the accrual method. Other derivative contracts are MTM and recoverable through the PSCR mechanism when settled. This results in the deferral of unrealized gains and losses as Regulatory assets or liabilities until realized.
DTE Gas — DTE Gas purchases, stores, transports, distributes, and sells natural gas, and buys and sells transportation and storage capacity. DTE Gas has fixed-priced contracts for portions of its expected natural gas supply requirements through March 2024. Substantially all of these contracts meet the normal purchases and normal sales exception and are therefore accounted for under the accrual method. Forward transportation and storage contracts are generally not derivatives and are therefore accounted for under the accrual method.
DTE Vantage — This segment manages and operates industrial energy projects, reduced emissions fuel projects, renewable gas recovery, and power generation assets. Primarily fixed-price contracts are used in the marketing and management of the segment assets. These contracts are generally not derivatives and are therefore accounted for under the accrual method.
42


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
Energy Trading — Commodity Price Risk — Energy Trading markets and trades electricity, natural gas physical products, and energy financial instruments, and provides energy and asset management services utilizing energy commodity derivative instruments. Forwards, futures, options, and swap agreements are used to manage exposure to the risk of market price and volume fluctuations in its operations. These derivatives are accounted for by recording changes in fair value to earnings unless hedge accounting criteria are met.
Energy Trading — Foreign Currency Exchange Risk — Energy Trading has foreign currency exchange forward contracts to economically hedge fixed Canadian dollar commitments existing under natural gas and power purchase and sale contracts and natural gas transportation contracts. Energy Trading enters into these contracts to mitigate price volatility with respect to fluctuations of the Canadian dollar relative to the U.S. dollar. These derivatives are accounted for by recording changes in fair value to earnings unless hedge accounting criteria are met.
Corporate and Other — Interest Rate Risk — DTE Energy may use interest rate swaps, treasury locks, and other derivatives to hedge the risk associated with interest rate market volatility.
Credit Risk — DTE Energy maintains credit policies that significantly minimize overall credit risk. These policies include an evaluation of potential customers’ and counterparties’ financial condition, including the viability of underlying productive assets, credit rating, collateral requirements, or other credit enhancements such as letters of credit or guarantees. DTE Energy generally uses standardized agreements that allow the netting of positive and negative transactions associated with a single counterparty. DTE Energy maintains a provision for credit losses based on factors surrounding the credit risk of its customers, historical trends, and other information. Based on DTE Energy's credit policies and its September 30, 2021 provision for credit losses, DTE Energy’s exposure to counterparty nonperformance is not expected to have a material adverse effect on DTE Energy's Consolidated Financial Statements.
Derivative Activities
DTE Energy manages its MTM risk on a portfolio basis based upon the delivery period of its contracts and the individual components of the risks within each contract. Accordingly, it records and manages the energy purchase and sale obligations under its contracts in separate components based on the commodity (e.g. electricity or natural gas), the product (e.g. electricity for delivery during peak or off-peak hours), the delivery location (e.g. by region), the risk profile (e.g. forward or option), and the delivery period (e.g. by month and year). The following describes the categories of activities represented by their operating characteristics and key risks:
Asset Optimization — Represents derivative activity associated with assets owned and contracted by DTE Energy, including forward natural gas purchases and sales, natural gas transportation, and storage capacity. Changes in the value of derivatives in this category typically economically offset changes in the value of underlying non-derivative positions, which do not qualify for fair value accounting. The difference in accounting treatment of derivatives in this category and the underlying non-derivative positions can result in significant earnings volatility.
Marketing and Origination — Represents derivative activity transacted by originating substantially hedged positions with wholesale energy marketers, producers, end-users, utilities, retail aggregators, and alternative energy suppliers.
Fundamentals Based Trading — Represents derivative activity transacted with the intent of taking a view, capturing market price changes, or putting capital at risk. This activity is speculative in nature as opposed to hedging an existing exposure.
Other — Includes derivative activity at DTE Electric related to FTRs. Changes in the value of derivative contracts at DTE Electric are recorded as Derivative assets or liabilities, with an offset to Regulatory assets or liabilities as the settlement value of these contracts will be included in the PSCR mechanism when realized.
43


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
The following table presents the fair value of derivative instruments for DTE Energy:
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Derivative
Assets
Derivative LiabilitiesDerivative
Assets
Derivative Liabilities
(In millions)
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments
Foreign currency exchange contracts$ $(3)$— $(4)
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
Commodity contracts
Natural gas$778 $(1,055)$233 $(223)
Electricity952 (916)180 (168)
Environmental & Other610 (581)154 (137)
Foreign currency exchange contracts (2)— (1)
Total derivatives not designated as hedging instruments$2,340 $(2,554)$567 $(529)
Current$1,938 $(2,011)$446 $(386)
Noncurrent402 (546)121 (147)
Total derivatives$2,340 $(2,557)$567 $(533)
The following table presents the fair value of derivative instruments for DTE Electric:
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
(In millions)
FTRs — Other current assets$12 $
Total derivatives not designated as hedging instruments$12 $
Certain of DTE Energy's derivative positions are subject to netting arrangements which provide for offsetting of asset and liability positions as well as related cash collateral. Such netting arrangements generally do not have restrictions. Under such netting arrangements, DTE Energy offsets the fair value of derivative instruments with cash collateral received or paid for those contracts executed with the same counterparty, which reduces DTE Energy's Total Assets and Liabilities. Cash collateral is allocated between the fair value of derivative instruments and customer accounts receivable and payable with the same counterparty on a pro-rata basis to the extent there is exposure. Any cash collateral remaining, after the exposure is netted to zero, is reflected in Accounts receivable and Accounts payable as collateral paid or received, respectively.
DTE Energy also provides and receives collateral in the form of letters of credit which can be offset against net Derivative assets and liabilities as well as Accounts receivable and payable. DTE Energy had issued letters of credit of $20 million and $7 million outstanding at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, which could be used to offset net Derivative liabilities. Letters of credit received from third parties which could be used to offset net Derivative assets were $55 million and $9 million at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. Such balances of letters of credit are excluded from the tables below and are not netted with the recognized assets and liabilities in DTE Energy's Consolidated Statements of Financial Position.
For contracts with certain clearing agents, the fair value of derivative instruments is netted against realized positions with the net balance reflected as either 1) a Derivative asset or liability or 2) an Account receivable or payable. Other than certain clearing agents, Accounts receivable and Accounts payable that are subject to netting arrangements have not been offset against the fair value of Derivative assets and liabilities.
44


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
The following table presents net cash collateral offsetting arrangements for DTE Energy:
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
(In millions)
Cash collateral netted against Derivative assets$(122)$(12)
Cash collateral netted against Derivative liabilities58 
Cash collateral recorded in Accounts receivable(a)
66 14 
Cash collateral recorded in Accounts payable(a)
(8)(1)
Total net cash collateral posted (received)$(6)$
_______________________________________
(a)Amounts are recorded net by counterparty.
The following table presents the netting offsets of Derivative assets and liabilities for DTE Energy:
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Gross Amounts of Recognized Assets (Liabilities)Gross Amounts Offset in the Consolidated Statements of Financial PositionNet Amounts of Assets (Liabilities) Presented in the Consolidated Statements of Financial PositionGross Amounts of Recognized Assets (Liabilities)Gross Amounts Offset in the Consolidated Statements of Financial PositionNet Amounts of Assets (Liabilities) Presented in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Position
(In millions)
Derivative assets
Commodity contracts
Natural gas$778 $(715)$63 $233 $(156)$77 
Electricity952 (627)325 180 (120)60 
Environmental & Other610 (570)40 154 (135)19 
Total derivative assets$2,340 $(1,912)$428 $567 $(411)$156 
Derivative liabilities
Commodity contracts
Natural gas$(1,055)$664 $(391)$(223)$151 $(72)
Electricity(916)614 (302)(168)125 (43)
Environmental & Other(581)570 (11)(137)129 (8)
Foreign currency exchange contracts(5) (5)(5)— (5)
Total derivative liabilities$(2,557)$1,848 $(709)$(533)$405 $(128)
The following table presents the netting offsets of Derivative assets and liabilities showing the reconciliation of derivative instruments to DTE Energy's Consolidated Statements of Financial Position:
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Derivative AssetsDerivative LiabilitiesDerivative AssetsDerivative Liabilities
CurrentNoncurrentCurrentNoncurrentCurrentNoncurrentCurrentNoncurrent
(In millions)
Total fair value of derivatives$1,938 $402 $(2,011)$(546)$446 $121 $(386)$(147)
Counterparty netting(1,498)(292)1,498 292 (318)(81)318 81 
Collateral adjustment(93)(29)48 10 (12)— — 
Total derivatives as reported$347 $81 $(465)$(244)$116 $40 $(68)$(60)
45


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
The effect of derivatives not designated as hedging instruments on DTE Energy's Consolidated Statements of Operations is as follows:
Location of Gain (Loss) Recognized in Income on DerivativesGain (Loss) Recognized in Income on Derivatives for the Three Months Ended September 30,Gain (Loss) Recognized in Income on Derivatives for the Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions)
Commodity contracts
Natural gasOperating Revenues — Non-utility operations$(214)$(27)$(371)$(63)
Natural gasFuel, purchased power, gas, and other — non-utility63 (51)(16)28 
ElectricityOperating Revenues — Non-utility operations68 33 143 75 
Environmental & OtherOperating Revenues — Non-utility operations3 (36)(40)
Foreign currency exchange contractsOperating Revenues — Non-utility operations2 (2)(1)— 
Total$(78)$(45)$(281)$— 
Revenues and energy costs related to trading contracts are presented on a net basis in DTE Energy's Consolidated Statements of Operations. Commodity derivatives used for trading purposes, and financial non-trading commodity derivatives, are accounted for using the MTM method with unrealized and realized gains and losses recorded in Operating Revenues — Non-utility operations. Non-trading physical commodity sale and purchase derivative contracts are generally accounted for using the MTM method with unrealized and realized gains and losses for sales recorded in Operating Revenues — Non-utility operations and purchases recorded in Fuel, purchased power, gas, and other — non-utility.
The following represents the cumulative gross volume of DTE Energy's derivative contracts outstanding as of September 30, 2021:
CommodityNumber of Units
Natural gas (MMBtu)2,096,409,912 
Electricity (MWh)29,383,562 
Foreign currency exchange ($ CAD)119,281,865 
Renewable Energy Certificates (MWh)8,387,594 
Carbon emissions (Metric Tons)48,343,793 
Various subsidiaries of DTE Energy have entered into contracts which contain ratings triggers and are guaranteed by DTE Energy. These contracts contain provisions which allow the counterparties to require that DTE Energy post cash or letters of credit as collateral in the event that DTE Energy’s credit rating is downgraded below investment grade. Certain of these provisions (known as "hard triggers") state specific circumstances under which DTE Energy can be required to post collateral upon the occurrence of a credit downgrade, while other provisions (known as "soft triggers") are not as specific. For contracts with soft triggers, it is difficult to estimate the amount of collateral which may be requested by counterparties and/or which DTE Energy may ultimately be required to post. The amount of such collateral which could be requested fluctuates based on commodity prices (primarily natural gas, power, environmental, and coal) and the provisions and maturities of the underlying transactions. As of September 30, 2021, DTE Energy's contractual obligation to post collateral in the form of cash or letters of credit in the event of a downgrade to below investment grade, under both hard trigger and soft trigger provisions, was $575 million.
As of September 30, 2021, DTE Energy had $2,180 million of derivatives in net liability positions, for which hard triggers exist. There is $52 million of collateral that has been posted against such liabilities, including cash and letters of credit. Associated derivative net asset positions for which contractual offset exists were $1,788 million. The net remaining amount of $340 million is derived from the $575 million noted above.

46


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
NOTE 10 — LONG-TERM DEBT
Debt Issuances
In 2021, the following debt was issued:
CompanyMonthTypeInterest RateMaturity DateAmount
(In millions)
DTE ElectricMarch
Mortgage bonds(a)
1.90%2028$575 
DTE ElectricMarch
Mortgage bonds(a)
3.25%2051425 
DT MidstreamJune
Senior notes(b)
4.125%20291,100 
DT MidstreamJune
Senior notes(b)
4.375%20311,000 
DT MidstreamJune
Term loan facility(b)
Variable20281,000 
$4,100 
_______________________________________
(a)Bonds were issued as Green Bonds and the proceeds will be used to finance qualified expenditures for solar and wind energy, payments under power purchase agreements for solar and wind energy, and energy optimization programs.
(b)Proceeds were used for the repayment of short-term borrowings due to DTE Energy to facilitate the separation of DT Midstream, as well as a one-time special dividend provided to DTE Energy. The debt was transferred to DT Midstream upon its separation on July 1, 2021. Refer to Note 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, “Dispositions and Impairments,” for additional information and to the Debt Redemptions section below for DTE Energy's use of the proceeds received from DT Midstream.
In September 2021, DTE Electric completed a mandatory remarketing of $82 million of 1.45% Tax-Exempt Revenue Bonds at the same rate of 1.45% until maturity in 2030 and $59 million of 1.45% Tax-Exempt Revenue Bonds at a rate of 1.35% until maturity in 2029.
Additionally in September 2021, DTE Gas agreed to issue $60 million of 2.07% First Mortgage Bonds due December 1, 2031 and $95 million of 2.85% First Mortgage Bonds due December 1, 2051 to a group of institutional investors in a private placement transaction. These bonds are expected to close and fund in November 2021. Proceeds will be used for the repayment of short-term borrowings and general corporate purposes, including capital expenditures.
Debt Redemptions
In 2021, the following debt was redeemed:
CompanyMonthTypeInterest RateMaturity DateAmount
(In millions)
DTE ElectricAprilMortgage bonds3.90%2021$250 
DTE ElectricMayMortgage bonds7.00%202133 
DTE EnergyJune
Junior subordinated debentures(a)
5.375%2076300 
DTE EnergyJulySenior notes3.30%2022300 
DTE EnergyJulySenior notes2.60%2022300 
DTE EnergyJulySenior notes3.70%2023600 
DTE EnergyJulySenior notes3.85%2023135 
DTE EnergyJulySenior notes3.50%2024350 
DTE EnergyJulySenior notes3.80%2027350 
DTE EnergyJulySenior notes3.40%202921 
DTE EnergyJulySenior notes6.375%2033191 
DTE EnergyAugustSenior notes3.85%2023165 
DTE EnergyAugustSenior notes6.375%2033209 
DTE ElectricAugustMortgage bonds6.90%202138 
$3,242 
_______________________________________
(a)Early redemption resulted in a loss on extinguishment of debt of $8 million relating to the write-off of unamortized issuance costs.
47


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
During the third quarter 2021, DTE Energy optionally redeemed $2.6 billion of Senior Notes included in the table above using proceeds from DT Midstream's repayment of short-term borrowings and one-time special dividend. To early retire this debt and reduce future interest expense, DTE Energy incurred prepayment costs of $361 million and wrote off $15 million of unamortized issuance costs and discounts related to the debt. These amounts have been included within the Loss on extinguishment of debt line item within the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021.

NOTE 11 — SHORT-TERM CREDIT ARRANGEMENTS AND BORROWINGS
DTE Energy, DTE Electric, and DTE Gas have unsecured revolving credit agreements that can be used for general corporate borrowings, but are intended to provide liquidity support for each of the companies’ commercial paper programs. Borrowings under the revolvers are available at prevailing short-term interest rates. DTE Energy also has other facilities to support letter of credit issuance.
The unsecured revolving credit agreements have historically required DTE Energy, DTE Electric, and DTE Gas to maintain a total funded debt to capitalization ratio of no more than 0.65 to 1. In June 2021, DTE Energy amended its total funded debt to capitalization ratio requirement to no more than 0.70 to 1 starting with the third quarter of 2021 and ending December 2022. The amendment was a result of temporary balance sheet impacts resulting from the separation of DT Midstream on July 1, 2021. In the agreements, "total funded debt" means all indebtedness of each respective company and their consolidated subsidiaries, including finance lease obligations, hedge agreements, and guarantees of third parties’ debt, but excluding contingent obligations, nonrecourse and junior subordinated debt, and certain equity-linked securities and, except for calculations at the end of the second quarter, certain DTE Gas short-term debt. "Capitalization" means the sum of (a) total funded debt plus (b) "consolidated net worth," which is equal to consolidated total equity of each respective company and their consolidated subsidiaries (excluding pension effects under certain FASB statements), as determined in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. At September 30, 2021, the total funded debt to total capitalization ratios for DTE Energy, DTE Electric, and DTE Gas were 0.66 to 1, 0.51 to 1, and 0.46 to 1, respectively, and were in compliance with this financial covenant.
The availability under these facilities as of September 30, 2021 is shown in the following table:
DTE EnergyDTE ElectricDTE GasTotal
(In millions)
Unsecured revolving credit facility, expiring April 2025(a)
$1,500 $500 $300 $2,300 
Unsecured Canadian revolving credit facility, expiring May 202387 — — 87 
Unsecured letter of credit facility, expiring in February 2023150 — — 150 
Unsecured letter of credit facility, expiring in July 202370 — — 70 
Unsecured letter of credit facility(b)
50 — — 50 
1,857 500 300 2,657 
Amounts outstanding at September 30, 2021
Revolver borrowings74 — — 74 
Commercial paper issuances— 159 128 287 
Letters of credit268 — — 268 
342 159 128 629 
Net availability at September 30, 2021$1,515 $341 $172 $2,028 
_______________________________________
(a)Total availability of $102 million expires in April 2024, including $67 million at DTE Energy, $22 million at DTE Electric, and $13 million at DTE Gas. All other availability expires in April 2025.
(b)Uncommitted letter of credit facility with automatic renewal provision for each July and therefore no expiration.
48


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
In conjunction with maintaining certain exchange-traded risk management positions, DTE Energy may be required to post collateral with its clearing agents. DTE Energy has demand financing agreements with its clearing agents, including an agreement for up to $100 million with an indefinite term and an agreement for up to $150 million currently contracted through 2022 and subject to renewal. The $100 million agreement, as amended, also allows for up to $50 million of additional margin financing provided that DTE Energy posts a letter of credit for the incremental amount. Both agreements allow the right of setoff with posted collateral. At September 30, 2021, the capacity under the facilities was $300 million. The amounts outstanding under the agreements were $4 million and $49 million at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, and were fully offset by the posted collateral.

NOTE 12 — LEASES
Lessor
During the first quarter 2021, DTE Energy completed construction of and began operating certain energy infrastructure assets for a large industrial customer under a long-term agreement, where the assets will transfer to the customer at the end of the contract term in 2040. DTE Energy has accounted for a portion of the agreement as a finance lease arrangement, recognizing an additional net investment of $31 million.
The components of DTE Energy’s net investment in finance leases for remaining periods were as follows:
DTE Energy
September 30, 2021
(In millions)
2021$
202222 
202322 
202422 
202522 
2026 and Thereafter292 
Total minimum future lease receipts386 
Residual value of leased pipeline17 
Less unearned income202 
Net investment in finance lease201 
Less current portion
$194 
Interest income recognized under finance leases was $4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 and $13 million and $12 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
DTE Energy’s lease income associated with operating leases, including the line items in which it was included on the Consolidated Statements of Operations, was as follows:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions)
Fixed payments$13 $14 $42 $43 
Variable payments55 43 90 82 
$68 $57 $132 $125 
Operating revenues$26 $26 $70 $74 
Other income42 31 62 51 
$68 $57 $132 $125 

49


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
NOTE 13 — COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Environmental
DTE Electric
Air — DTE Electric is subject to the EPA ozone and fine particulate transport and acid rain regulations that limit power plant emissions of SO2 and NOX. The EPA and the State of Michigan have also issued emission reduction regulations relating to ozone, fine particulate, regional haze, mercury, and other air pollution. These rules have led to controls on fossil-fueled power plants to reduce SO2, NOX, mercury, and other emissions. Additional rulemakings may occur over the next few years which could require additional controls for SO2, NOX, and other hazardous air pollutants.
The EPA proposed revised air quality standards for ground level ozone in November 2014 and specifically requested comments on the form and level of the ozone standards. The standards were finalized in October 2015. The State of Michigan recommended to the EPA in October 2016 which areas of the state are not attaining the new standard. On April 30, 2018, the EPA finalized the State of Michigan's recommended marginal non-attainment designation for southeast Michigan. The State is required to develop and implement a plan to address the southeast Michigan ozone non-attainment area by the end of 2021. The Registrants cannot predict the scope and associated financial impact of the State's plan to address the ozone non-attainment area at this time.
The EPA has implemented regulatory actions under the Clean Air Act to address emissions of GHGs from the utility sector and other sectors of the economy. Among these actions, in 2015 the EPA finalized performance standards for emissions of carbon dioxide from new and existing fossil-fuel fired EGUs. The performance standards for existing EGUs, known as the EPA Clean Power Plan, were challenged by petitioners and stayed by the U.S. Supreme Court in February 2016 pending final review by the courts. On October 10, 2017, the EPA, under a new administration, proposed to rescind the Clean Power Plan, and in August 2018, the EPA proposed revised emission guidelines for GHGs from existing EGUs. On June 19, 2019, the EPA Administrator officially repealed the Clean Power Plan and finalized its replacement, named the ACE rule. The ACE rule was vacated and remanded back to the EPA in a D.C. Circuit Court decision on January 19, 2021. The next steps taken by the EPA with respect to regulation of GHGs from EGUs is uncertain. Regardless of future rules, DTE Energy remains committed for its electric utility operations to reduce carbon emissions 32% by 2023, 50% by 2028, and 80% by 2040 from 2005 carbon emissions levels, and its goal of net zero emissions for its electric utility operations by 2050.
In addition to the GHG standards for existing EGUs, in December 2018, the EPA issued proposed revisions to the carbon dioxide performance standards for new, modified, or reconstructed fossil-fuel fired EGUs. The rule was finalized on January 13, 2021 and immediately challenged. An order vacating the rule was filed by the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals on April 5, 2021. The carbon standards for new sources are not expected to have a material impact on DTE Electric, since DTE Electric has no plans to build new coal-fired generation and any potential new gas generation will be able to comply with the standards.
Pending or future legislation or other regulatory actions could have a material impact on DTE Electric's operations and financial position and the rates charged to its customers. Impacts include expenditures for environmental equipment beyond what is currently planned, financing costs related to additional capital expenditures, the purchase of emission credits from market sources, higher costs of purchased power, and the retirement of facilities where control equipment is not economical. DTE Electric would seek to recover these incremental costs through increased rates charged to its utility customers, as authorized by the MPSC.
To comply with air pollution requirements, DTE Electric has spent approximately $2.4 billion. DTE Electric does not anticipate additional capital expenditures for air pollution requirements, subject to the results of future rulemakings.
Water — In response to an EPA regulation, DTE Electric was required to examine alternatives for reducing the environmental impacts of the cooling water intake structures at several of its facilities. Based on the results of completed studies and expected future studies, DTE Electric may be required to install technologies to reduce the impacts of the water intake structures. A final rule became effective in October 2014. The final rule requires studies to be completed and submitted as part of the NPDES permit application process to determine the type of technology needed to reduce impacts to fish. DTE Electric has initiated the process of completing the required studies. Final compliance for the installation of any required technology will be determined by the state on a case by case, site specific basis. DTE Electric is currently evaluating the compliance options and working with the State of Michigan on evaluating whether any controls are needed. These evaluations/studies may require modifications to some existing intake structures. It is not possible to quantify the impact of this rule making at this time.
50


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
Contaminated and Other Sites — Prior to the construction of major interstate natural gas pipelines, gas for heating and other uses was manufactured locally from processes involving coal, coke, or oil. The facilities, which produced gas, have been designated as MGP sites. DTE Electric conducted remedial investigations at contaminated sites, including 3 former MGP sites. Cleanup of one of the MGP sites is complete, and the site is closed. The investigations have revealed contamination related to the by-products of gas manufacturing at each MGP site. In addition to the MGP sites, DTE Electric is also in the process of cleaning up other contaminated sites, including the area surrounding an ash landfill, electrical distribution substations, electric generating power plants, and underground and above ground storage tank locations. The findings of these investigations indicated that the estimated cost to remediate these sites is expected to be incurred over the next several years. At September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, DTE Electric had $13 million and $10 million, respectively, accrued for remediation. These costs are not discounted to their present value. Any change in assumptions, such as remediation techniques, nature and extent of contamination, and regulatory requirements, could impact the estimate of remedial action costs for the sites and affect DTE Electric’s financial position and cash flows. DTE Electric believes the likelihood of a material change to the accrued amount is remote based on current knowledge of the conditions at each site.
Coal Combustion Residuals and Effluent Limitations Guidelines — A final EPA rule for the disposal of coal combustion residuals, commonly known as coal ash, became effective in October 2015, and was revised in October 2016, July 2018, September 2020, and November 2020. The rule is based on the continued listing of coal ash as a non-hazardous waste and relies on various self-implementation design and performance standards. DTE Electric owns and operates 3 permitted engineered coal ash storage facilities to dispose of coal ash from coal-fired power plants and operates a number of smaller impoundments at its power plants subject to certain provisions in the CCR rule. At certain facilities, the rule currently requires ongoing sampling and testing of monitoring wells, compliance with groundwater standards, and the closure of basins at the end of the useful life of the associated power plant.
On September 28, 2020, the CCR rule "A Holistic Approach to Closure Part A: Deadline to Initiate Closure and Enhancing Public Access to Information" became effective and established April 11, 2021 as the new deadline for all unlined impoundments (including units previously classified as "clay-lined") to initiate closure. Additionally, the rule amends certain reporting requirements and CCR website requirements. On November 12, 2020, an additional revision to the CCR Rule "A Holistic Approach to Closure Part B: Alternate Demonstration for Unlined Surface Impoundments" was published in the Federal Register that provides a process to determine if certain unlined impoundments consist of an alternative liner system that may be as protective as the current liners specified in the CCR rule, and therefore may continue to operate. DTE Electric has submitted applications to the EPA that support continued use of all impoundments through their active lives. The forced closure date of April 11, 2021 is effectively delayed while the EPA's review has extended beyond this date.
At the State level, legislation was signed by the Governor in December 2018 and provides for further regulation of the CCR program in Michigan. Additionally, the bill provides the basis of a CCR program that EGLE has submitted to the EPA for approval to fully regulate the CCR program in Michigan in lieu of a Federal permit program.
On April 12, 2017, the EPA granted a petition for reconsideration of the 2015 ELG Rule. The EPA also signed an administrative stay of the 2015 ELG Rule’s compliance deadlines for fly ash transport water, bottom ash transport water, and flue gas desulfurization (FGD) wastewater, among others. On June 6, 2017, the EPA published in the Federal Register a proposed rule (Postponement Rule) to postpone certain applicable deadlines within the 2015 ELG rule. The Postponement Rule was published on September 18, 2017. The Postponement Rule nullified the administrative stay but also extended the earliest compliance deadlines for only FGD wastewater and bottom ash transport water until November 1, 2020 in order for the EPA to propose and finalize a new ruling. On October 13, 2020, the EPA finalized the ELG Reconsideration Rule which revised the regulations from the 2015 ELG rule. The Reconsideration Rule revises requirements for two specific waste streams produced by steam electric power plants: FGD wastewater and bottom ash transport water. The Reconsideration Rule also provides additional compliance opportunities by finalizing low utilization and cessation of coal burning subcategories. The Reconsideration Rule provides new opportunities for DTE Electric to evaluate existing ELG compliance strategies and make any necessary adjustments to ensure full compliance with the ELGs in a cost-effective manner.
In October 2020, the EPA published in the Federal Register the final version of the ELG Reconsideration Rule which updates the 2015 ELG Rule. The Reconsideration Rule re-establishes the technology-based effluent limitations guidelines and standards applicable to FGD wastewater and bottom ash transport water. The EPA set the applicability dates for bottom ash transport water and FGD wastewater retrofits to be "as soon as possible" beginning October 13, 2021 and no later than December 31, 2025.
51


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
Compliance schedules for individual facilities and individual waste streams are determined through issuance of new NPDES permits by the State of Michigan. The State of Michigan has issued an NPDES permit for the Belle River power plant establishing compliance deadlines based on the 2020 Reconsideration Rule. The deadline is December 31, 2025 if DTE Electric chooses to comply by installation of new treatment technologies, or December 31, 2028 if DTE Electric chooses to pursue the cessation of coal as their ELG compliance option.
On July 27, 2021, the EPA announced they will revisit some of the compliance requirements that were established in the 2020 Reconsideration Rule and plan to release a new proposed rule in Fall of 2022. The 2020 Reconsideration Rule remains in effect until that time.
On October 11, 2021, in consideration of the deadlines above, DTE Electric submitted the appropriate documentation titled the Notice of Planned Participation (NOPP) to the State of Michigan that formally announced the intent to pursue cessation of coal at the Belle River power plant as their ELG compliance option. No new permits that would require ELG compliance have been issued for other facilities, consequently no compliance timelines have been established.
DTE Electric continues to evaluate compliance strategies, technologies and system designs for both FGD wastewater and bottom ash transport water system to achieve compliance with the EPA rules.
DTE Electric has estimated the impact of the CCR and ELG rules to be $661 million of capital expenditures, including $516 million for 2021 through 2025.
DTE Gas
Air — In June 2020, DTE Energy expanded its net zero goal to include its gas utility operations by committing to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to net zero by 2050 from procurement of natural gas through delivery. As part of DTE Energy's 2050 net zero commitment, DTE Gas launched its CleanVision Natural Gas Balance program in January 2021 that offers customers a way to reduce their carbon footprint using carbon offsets and renewable natural gas. The carbon offset program is focused on protecting Michigan forests that naturally absorb carbon dioxide.
Contaminated and Other Sites — DTE Gas owns or previously owned 14 former MGP sites. Investigations have revealed contamination related to the by-products of gas manufacturing at each site. Cleanup of 8 of the MGP sites is complete, and the sites are closed. DTE Gas has also completed partial closure of 4 additional sites. Cleanup activities associated with the remaining sites will continue over the next several years. The MPSC has established a cost deferral and rate recovery mechanism for investigation and remediation costs incurred at former MGP sites. In addition to the MGP sites, DTE Gas is also in the process of cleaning up other contaminated sites, including gate stations, gas pipeline releases, and underground storage tank locations. As of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, DTE Gas had $24 million accrued for remediation. These costs are not discounted to their present value. Any change in assumptions, such as remediation techniques, nature and extent of contamination, and regulatory requirements, could impact the estimate of remedial action costs for the sites and affect DTE Gas' financial position and cash flows. DTE Gas anticipates the cost amortization methodology approved by the MPSC, which allows for amortization of the MGP costs over a ten-year period beginning with the year subsequent to the year the MGP costs were incurred, will prevent the associated investigation and remediation costs from having a material adverse impact on DTE Gas' results of operations.
Non-utility
DTE Energy's non-utility businesses are subject to a number of environmental laws and regulations dealing with the protection of the environment from various pollutants.
In March 2019, the EPA issued an FOV to EES Coke, the Michigan coke battery facility that is a wholly-owned subsidiary of DTE Energy, alleging that the 2008 and 2014 permits issued by EGLE did not comply with the Clean Air Act. In September 2020, the EPA issued another FOV alleging EES Coke's 2018 and 2019 SO2 emissions exceeded projections and hence violated non-attainment new source review requirements. EES Coke evaluated the EPA's alleged violations and believes that the permits approved by EGLE complied with the Clean Air Act. EES Coke also responded to the EPA's September 2020 allegations demonstrating its actual emissions are compliant with non-attainment new source review requirements. Discussions with the EPA are ongoing. At the present time, DTE Energy cannot predict the outcome or financial impact of this FOV.
52


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
Other
In 2010, the EPA finalized a new one-hour SO2 ambient air quality standard that requires states to submit plans and associated timelines for non-attainment areas that demonstrate attainment with the new SO2 standard in phases. Phase 1 addresses non-attainment areas designated based on ambient monitoring data. Phase 2 addresses non-attainment areas with large sources of SO2 and modeled concentrations exceeding the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for SO2. Phase 3 addresses smaller sources of SO2 with modeled or monitored exceedances of the new SO2 standard.
Michigan's Phase 1 non-attainment area includes DTE Energy facilities in southwest Detroit and areas of Wayne County. Modeling runs by EGLE suggest that emission reductions may be required by significant sources of SO2 emissions in these areas, including DTE Electric power plants and DTE Energy's Michigan coke battery facility. As part Michigan's SIP process, DTE Energy has worked with EGLE to develop air permits reflecting significant SO2 emission reductions that, in combination with other non-DTE Energy sources' emission reduction strategies, will help the state attain the standard and sustain its attainment. The Michigan SIP was completed and submitted to the EPA on May 31, 2016 and supplemented on June 30, 2016. On March 19, 2021, the EPA published in the Federal Register partial approval and partial disapproval of Michigan's Detroit SO2 non-attainment area plan. The partial disapproval does not appear to impact DTE's sources and further discussions are underway with the EPA to finalize the plan. Since several non-DTE Energy sources are also part of the proposed compliance plan, DTE Energy is unable to determine the full impact of any further emissions reductions that may be required from DTE's facilities at this time.
Michigan's Phase 2 non-attainment area includes DTE Electric facilities in St. Clair County. EGLE has not made a final determination on SIP strategy for this area, pending the EPA's review of their clean data determination request. Until agency plans are final, DTE Energy is unable to determine the impacts.
Synthetic Fuel Guarantees
DTE Energy discontinued the operations of its synthetic fuel production facilities throughout the United States as of December 31, 2007. DTE Energy provided certain guarantees and indemnities in conjunction with the sales of interests in its synfuel facilities. The guarantees cover potential commercial, environmental, oil price, and tax-related obligations that will survive until 90 days after expiration of all applicable statutes of limitations. DTE Energy estimates that its maximum potential liability under these guarantees at September 30, 2021 was approximately $400 million. Payment under these guarantees is considered remote.
REF Guarantees
DTE Energy has provided certain guarantees and indemnities in conjunction with the sales of interests in or lease of its REF facilities. The guarantees cover potential commercial, environmental, and tax-related obligations that will survive until 90 days after expiration of all applicable statutes of limitations. DTE Energy estimates that its maximum potential liability under these guarantees at September 30, 2021 was $698 million. Payments under these guarantees are considered remote.
Other Guarantees
In certain limited circumstances, the Registrants enter into contractual guarantees. The Registrants may guarantee another entity’s obligation in the event it fails to perform and may provide guarantees in certain indemnification agreements. Finally, the Registrants may provide indirect guarantees for the indebtedness of others. DTE Energy’s guarantees are not individually material with maximum potential payments totaling $40 million at September 30, 2021. Payments under these guarantees are considered remote.
The Registrants are periodically required to obtain performance surety bonds in support of obligations to various governmental entities and other companies in connection with its operations. As of September 30, 2021, DTE Energy had $171 million of performance bonds outstanding, including $120 million for DTE Electric. In the event that such bonds are called for nonperformance, the Registrants would be obligated to reimburse the issuer of the performance bond. The Registrants are released from the performance bonds as the contractual performance is completed and does not believe that a material amount of any currently outstanding performance bonds will be called.
53


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
Labor Contracts
There are several bargaining units for DTE Energy subsidiaries' approximate 5,100 represented employees, including DTE Electric's approximately 2,700 represented employees. This represents 50% and 57% of DTE Energy's and DTE Electric's total employees, respectively. Of these represented employees, approximately 16% and 21% have contracts expiring within one year for DTE Energy and DTE Electric, respectively.
Purchase Commitments
Utility capital expenditures, expenditures for non-utility businesses, and contributions to equity method investees will be approximately $3.9 billion and $3.0 billion in 2021 for DTE Energy and DTE Electric, respectively. The Registrants have made certain commitments in connection with the estimated 2021 annual capital expenditures and contributions to equity method investees.
COVID-19 Pandemic
DTE Energy has been actively monitoring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on supply chains, markets, counterparties, and customers, and any related impacts on operating costs, customer demand, and recoverability of assets that could materially impact the Registrants' financial results.
In 2021, the COVID-19 pandemic has continued to impact DTE Electric sales volumes. As businesses have maintained certain remote operations, related sales volumes have been lower for commercial and industrial customers and higher for residential customers as compared to historical volumes before the pandemic. This impact contributed to a net reduction in DTE Electric sales, but has been offset by favorable rate mix.
In 2020, COVID-19 also resulted in incremental costs at our utilities related to personal protective equipment and other health and safety-related matters, as well as lower volumes for certain companies within the DTE Vantage segment. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, however, there has not been any significant impact to the Registrants' Consolidated Financial Statements.
In consideration of the above factors and all other current and expected impacts to the Registrants' performance and cash flows resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, there have been no material adjustments or reserves deemed necessary as of September 30, 2021. The Registrants cannot predict the future impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Consolidated Financial Statements, as developments involving COVID-19 and its related effects on economic and operating conditions remain highly uncertain.
Other Contingencies
The Registrants are involved in certain other legal, regulatory, administrative, and environmental proceedings before various courts, arbitration panels, and governmental agencies concerning claims arising in the ordinary course of business. These proceedings include certain contract disputes, additional environmental reviews and investigations, audits, inquiries from various regulators, and pending judicial matters. The Registrants cannot predict the final disposition of such proceedings. The Registrants regularly review legal matters and record provisions for claims that they can estimate and are considered probable of loss. The resolution of these pending proceedings is not expected to have a material effect on the Registrants' Consolidated Financial Statements in the periods they are resolved.
For a discussion of contingencies related to regulatory matters and derivatives, see Notes 6 and 9 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, "Regulatory Matters" and "Financial and Other Derivative Instruments," respectively.

54


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
NOTE 14 — RETIREMENT BENEFITS AND TRUSTEED ASSETS
The following tables detail the components of net periodic benefit costs (credits) for pension benefits and other postretirement benefits for DTE Energy:
Pension BenefitsOther Postretirement Benefits
Three Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions)
Service cost$27 $25 $8 $
Interest cost39 46 12 14 
Expected return on plan assets(84)(84)(33)(32)
Amortization of:
Net actuarial loss49 43 3 
Prior service credit — (5)(5)
Settlements  — 
Net periodic benefit cost (credit)$31 $32 $(15)$(12)
Pension BenefitsOther Postretirement Benefits
Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions)
Service cost$81 $74 $23 $20 
Interest cost118 139 35 42 
Expected return on plan assets(254)(250)(97)(96)
Amortization of:
Net actuarial loss147 129 10 12 
Prior service credit — (15)(15)
Settlements  — 
Net periodic benefit cost (credit)$92 $94 $(44)$(37)
DTE Electric participates in various plans that provide pension and other postretirement benefits for DTE Energy and its affiliates. The plans are primarily sponsored by DTE Energy's subsidiary, DTE Energy Corporate Services, LLC. DTE Electric accounts for its participation in DTE Energy's qualified and non-qualified pension plans by applying multiemployer accounting. DTE Electric accounts for its participation in other postretirement benefit plans by applying multiple-employer accounting. Within multiemployer and multiple-employer plans, participants pool plan assets for investment purposes and to reduce the cost of plan administration. The primary difference between plan types is assets contributed in multiemployer plans can be used to provide benefits for all participating employers, while assets contributed within a multiple-employer plan are restricted for use by the contributing employer. As a result of multiemployer accounting treatment, capitalized costs associated with these plans are reflected in Property, plant, and equipment in DTE Electric's Consolidated Statements of Financial Position. The same capitalized costs are reflected as Regulatory assets and liabilities in DTE Energy's Consolidated Statements of Financial Position. In addition, the service cost and non-service cost components are presented in Operation and maintenance in DTE Electric's Consolidated Statements of Operations. The same non-service cost components are presented in Other (Income) and Deductions — Non-operating retirement benefits, net in DTE Energy's Consolidated Statements of Operations. Plan participants of all plans are solely DTE Energy and affiliate participants.
DTE Energy's subsidiaries are responsible for their share of qualified and non-qualified pension benefit costs. DTE Electric's allocated portion of pension benefit costs included in capital expenditures and operating and maintenance expense was $26 million and $28 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $78 million and $79 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. These amounts include recognized contractual termination benefit charges, curtailment gains, and settlement charges.
55


DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
The following tables detail the components of net periodic benefit costs (credits) for other postretirement benefits for DTE Electric:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions)
Service cost$6 $$17 $15 
Interest cost8 11 25 32 
Expected return on plan assets(22)(21)(65)(65)
Amortization of:
Net actuarial loss3 9 
Prior service credit(3)(3)(10)(10)
Net periodic benefit credit$(8)$(6)$(24)$(20)
Pension and Other Postretirement Contributions
At the discretion of management and depending upon financial market conditions, DTE Energy anticipates making up to $7 million in contributions to the qualified pension plans in 2021. No amounts relate to DTE Electric and no contributions are anticipated for DTE Energy's postretirement benefit plans in 2021.

NOTE 15 — SEGMENT AND RELATED INFORMATION
DTE Energy sets strategic goals, allocates resources, and evaluates performance based on the following structure:
Electric segment consists principally of DTE Electric, which is engaged in the generation, purchase, distribution, and sale of electricity to approximately 2.3 million residential, commercial, and industrial customers in southeastern Michigan.
Gas segment consists principally of DTE Gas, which is engaged in the purchase, storage, transportation, distribution, and sale of natural gas to approximately 1.3 million residential, commercial, and industrial customers throughout Michigan and the sale of storage and transportation capacity.
DTE Vantage, formerly the Power and Industrial Projects segment, is comprised primarily of projects that deliver energy and utility-type products and services to industrial, commercial, and institutional customers, produce reduced emissions fuel, and sell electricity and pipeline-quality gas from renewable energy projects.
Energy Trading consists of energy marketing and trading operations.
Corporate and Other includes various holding company activities, holds certain non-utility debt, and holds certain investments, including funds supporting regional development and economic growth.
DTE Energy completed the separation of DT Midstream on July 1, 2021, which was comprised of the Gas Storage and Pipelines segment and also certain DTE Energy holding company activity within the Corporate and Other segment. Amounts relating to DT Midstream have been classified as discontinued operations, and Gas Storage and Pipelines is no longer a reportable segment of DTE Energy. Refer to Note 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, “Dispositions and Impairments,” for additional information.
The federal income tax provisions or benefits of DTE Energy’s subsidiaries are determined on an individual company basis and recognize the tax benefit of tax credits and net operating losses, if applicable. The state and local income tax provisions of the utility subsidiaries are also determined on an individual company basis and recognize the tax benefit of various tax credits and net operating losses, if applicable. The subsidiaries record federal, state, and local income taxes payable to or receivable from DTE Energy based on the federal, state, and local tax provisions of each company.
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DTE Energy Company — DTE Electric Company
Combined Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
Inter-segment billing for goods and services exchanged between segments is based upon tariffed or market-based prices of the provider and primarily consists of the sale of reduced emissions fuel, power sales, natural gas sales, and renewable natural gas sales in the following segments:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions)
Electric$17 $16 $48 $46 
Gas3 10 12 
DTE Vantage125 134 463 308 
Energy Trading9 35 23 
Corporate and Other1 2 
$155 $164 $558 $391 
Financial data of DTE Energy's business segments follows:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions)
Operating Revenues — Utility operations
Electric$1,700 $1,690 $4,468 $4,211 
Gas193 173 1,070 964 
Operating Revenues — Non-utility operations
Electric2 9 10 
DTE Vantage372 324 1,132 850 
Energy Trading1,602 1,061 4,208 2,714 
Corporate and Other1 2 
Reconciliation and Eliminations(a)
(155)(172)(572)(408)
Total$3,715 $3,080 $10,317 $8,343 
_______________________________________
(a)Includes $14 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and $8 million and $17 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively, for eliminations related to DTE Energy's prior Gas Storage and Pipelines segment that remain in continuing operations. Eliminations for these revenues are offset by related cost eliminations and have no impact on DTE Energy net income.
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions)
Net Income (Loss) Attributable to DTE Energy by Segment:
Electric$342 $398 $788 $675 
Gas(30)(20)146 102 
DTE Vantage73 47 115 102 
Energy Trading(52)(28)(173)
Corporate and Other(275)(25)(381)(40)
Discontinued Operations(33)104 106 249 
Net Income Attributable to DTE Energy Company$25 $476 $601 $1,093 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following combined discussion is separately filed by DTE Energy and DTE Electric. However, DTE Electric does not make any representations as to information related solely to DTE Energy or the subsidiaries of DTE Energy other than itself.
EXECUTIVE OVERVIEW
DTE Energy is a diversified energy company and is the parent company of DTE Electric and DTE Gas, regulated electric and natural gas utilities engaged primarily in the business of providing electricity and natural gas sales, distribution, and storage services throughout Michigan. DTE Energy also operates two energy-related non-utility segments with operations throughout the United States.
On July 1, 2021, DTE Energy completed the separation of its natural gas pipeline, storage and gathering non-utility business. Effective with the separation, DTE retains no ownership in the new company, DT Midstream, which was formerly comprised of DTE Energy’s Gas Storage and Pipelines segment and certain DTE Energy holding company activity within the Corporate and Other segment. Gas Storage and Pipelines is no longer a reportable segment of DTE Energy, and financial results of DT Midstream are presented as discontinued operations in the Consolidated Financial Statements. Refer to Note 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, “Dispositions and Impairments,” for additional information regarding the separation of DT Midstream and discontinued operations.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations below reflect DTE Energy’s continuing operations, unless noted otherwise. The following table summarizes DTE Energy's financial results:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions, except per share amounts)
Net Income attributable to DTE Energy — continuing operations$58 $372 $495 $844 
Diluted Earnings per Common Share — continuing operations$0.30 $1.92 $2.55 $4.37 
The decrease in Net Income for both periods was primarily due to lower earnings in the Corporate and Other segment, driven primarily by the loss on debt extinguishment incurred in the third quarter 2021. The decrease in Net Income for the three months ended September 30, 2021 was also due to lower earnings in the DTE Electric and Energy Trading segments, partially offset by higher earnings in the DTE Vantage segment. For the nine months ended September 30, 2021, the decrease in Net Income was also due to lower earnings in the Energy Trading segment, partially offset by higher earnings in the Electric and Gas segments.
STRATEGY
DTE Energy's strategy is to achieve long-term earnings growth, a strong balance sheet, and an attractive dividend yield.
DTE Energy's utilities are investing capital to improve customer reliability through investments in base infrastructure and new generation, and to comply with environmental requirements. DTE Energy expects that planned significant capital investments will result in earnings growth. DTE Energy is focused on executing plans to achieve operational excellence and customer satisfaction with a focus on customer affordability. DTE Energy operates in a constructive regulatory environment and has solid relationships with its regulators.
DTE Energy is committed to reduce the carbon emissions of its electric utility operations by 32% by 2023, 50% by 2028, and 80% by 2040 from 2005 carbon emissions levels. DTE Energy is also committed to a net zero carbon emissions goal by 2050 for its electric utility and gas utility operations. To achieve the reduction goals in the near term, DTE Energy will transition away from coal-powered sources and incorporate more renewable energy, energy waste reduction projects, demand response, and natural gas fueled generation. DTE Energy has already begun the transition in the way it produces power through the continued retirement of its aging coal-fired plants. Refer to the "Capital Investments" section below for further discussion.
DTE Energy has significant investments in non-utility businesses and expects growth opportunities in its DTE Vantage segment. DTE Energy employs disciplined investment criteria when assessing growth opportunities that leverage its assets, skills, and expertise, and provides diversity in earnings and geography. Specifically, DTE Energy invests in targeted energy markets with attractive competitive dynamics where meaningful scale is in alignment with its risk profile.
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A key priority for DTE Energy is to maintain a strong balance sheet which facilitates access to capital markets and reasonably priced short-term and long-term financing. Near-term growth will be funded through internally generated cash flows and the issuance of debt and equity. DTE Energy has an enterprise risk management program that, among other things, is designed to monitor and manage exposure to earnings and cash flow volatility related to commodity price changes, interest rates, and counterparty credit risk.
CAPITAL INVESTMENTS
DTE Energy's utility businesses require significant capital investments to maintain and improve the electric generation and electric and natural gas distribution infrastructure and to comply with environmental regulations and renewable energy requirements.
DTE Electric's capital investments over the 2021-2025 period are estimated at $14 billion, comprised of $5 billion for capital replacements and other projects, $7 billion for distribution infrastructure, and $2 billion for renewable generation. DTE Electric has retired six coal-fired generation units at the Trenton Channel, River Rouge, and St. Clair facilities and has announced plans to retire its remaining eleven coal-fired generating units, including five units at Trenton Channel and St. Clair in 2022. The two units at the Belle River facility will cease the use of coal by 2028 and will be evaluated for conversion to cleaner energy resources. The final four units at the Monroe facility are expected to be retired by 2040. Generation from the retired facilities will be replaced or offset with renewables, energy waste reduction, demand response, and natural gas fueled generation.
DTE Gas' capital investments over the 2021-2025 period are estimated at $3 billion, comprised of $1.4 billion for base infrastructure and $1.6 billion for gas main renewal, meter move out, and pipeline integrity programs.
DTE Electric and DTE Gas plan to seek regulatory approval for capital expenditures consistent with ratemaking treatment.
DTE Energy's non-utility businesses' capital investments are primarily for expansion, growth, and ongoing maintenance in the DTE Vantage segment, including approximately $1 billion to $1.4 billion from 2021-2025 for industrial energy services and renewable energy projects.
ENVIRONMENTAL MATTERS
The Registrants are subject to extensive environmental regulations. Additional costs may result as the effects of various substances on the environment are studied and governmental regulations are developed and implemented. Actual costs to comply could vary substantially. The Registrants expect to continue recovering environmental costs related to utility operations through rates charged to customers, as authorized by the MPSC.
Increased costs for energy produced from traditional coal-based sources due to recent, pending, and future regulatory initiatives could also increase the economic viability of energy produced from renewable, natural gas fueled generation, and/or nuclear sources, energy waste reduction initiatives, and the potential development of market-based trading of carbon instruments which could provide new business opportunities for DTE Energy's utility and non-utility segments. At the present time, it is not possible to quantify the financial impacts of these climate related regulatory initiatives on the Registrants or their customers.
For further discussion of environmental matters, see Note 13 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, "Commitments and Contingencies."
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OUTLOOK
The next few years will be a period of rapid change for DTE Energy and for the energy industry. DTE Energy's strong utility base, combined with its integrated non-utility operations, position it well for long-term growth.
Looking forward, DTE Energy will focus on several areas that are expected to improve future performance:
electric and gas customer satisfaction;
electric distribution system reliability;
new electric generation;
gas distribution system renewal;
rate competitiveness and affordability;
regulatory stability and investment recovery for the electric and gas utilities;
strategic investments in growth projects at DTE Vantage;
employee safety and engagement;
cost structure optimization across all business segments; and
cash, capital, and liquidity to maintain or improve financial strength.
The separation of DT Midstream on July 1, 2021 will result in a reduction to DTE Energy's net income and cash flows in the near term. However, DTE Energy remains well-positioned for long-term growth and focused on the key objectives noted above. DTE Energy will continue to pursue opportunities to grow its businesses in a disciplined manner if it can secure opportunities that meet its strategic, financial, and risk criteria.
COVID-19 Pandemic
DTE Energy has been monitoring the COVID-19 pandemic and any related impacts to operating costs, customer demand, and the recoverability of assets in our business segments that could materially impact the Registrants' financial results.
As noted in Note 13 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, "Commitments and Contingencies," the pandemic contributed to a shift in electric sales volumes from commercial and industrial customers to residential customers. DTE Energy expects this shift to continue in the near term as businesses maintain more remote operations. Other impacts from COVID-19 have related primarily to health and safety-related costs at the utilities and volumes at certain non-utility businesses, but these impacts have not been significant in 2021.
DTE Energy will continue to monitor these impacts as well as any regulatory and legislative activities related to COVID-19. The Registrants cannot predict the ultimate impact of these factors to our Consolidated Financial Statements as future developments involving COVID-19 and related impacts on economic and operating conditions are highly uncertain.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations includes financial information prepared in accordance with GAAP, as well as the non-GAAP financial measures, Utility Margin and Non-utility Margin, discussed below, which DTE Energy uses as measures of its operational performance. Generally, a non-GAAP financial measure is a numerical measure of financial performance, financial position or cash flows that excludes (or includes) amounts that are included in (or excluded from) the most directly comparable measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP.
DTE Energy uses Utility Margin and Non-utility Margin, non-GAAP financial measures, to assess its performance by reportable segment.
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Utility Margin includes electric utility and gas utility Operating Revenues net of Fuel, purchased power, and gas expenses. The utilities’ fuel, purchased power, and natural gas supply are passed through to customers, and therefore, result in changes to the utilities’ revenues that are comparable to changes in such expenses. As such, DTE Energy believes Utility Margin provides a meaningful basis for evaluating the utilities’ operations across periods, as it excludes the revenue effect of fluctuations in these expenses. For the Electric segment, non-utility Operating Revenues are reported separately so that Utility Margin can be used to assess utility performance.
The Non-utility Margin relates to the DTE Vantage and Energy Trading segments. For the DTE Vantage segment, Non-utility Margin primarily includes Operating Revenues net of Fuel, purchased power, and gas expenses. Operating Revenues include sales of refined coal to third parties and the affiliated Electric utility, metallurgical coke and related by-products, petroleum coke, renewable natural gas and related credits, and electricity, as well as rental income and revenues from utility-type consulting, management, and operational services. For the Energy Trading segment, Non-utility Margin includes revenue and realized and unrealized gains and losses from physical and financial power and gas marketing, optimization, and trading activities, net of Purchased power and gas related to these activities. DTE Energy evaluates its operating performance of these non-utility businesses using the measure of Operating Revenues net of Fuel, purchased power, and gas expenses.
Utility Margin and Non-utility Margin are not measures calculated in accordance with GAAP and should be viewed as a supplement to and not a substitute for the results of operations presented in accordance with GAAP. Utility Margin and Non-utility Margin do not intend to represent operating income, the most comparable GAAP measure, as an indicator of operating performance and are not necessarily comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.
The following sections provide a detailed discussion of the operating performance and future outlook of DTE Energy's segments. Segment information, described below, includes intercompany revenues and expenses, and other income and deductions that are eliminated in the Consolidated Financial Statements.
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions)
Net Income (Loss) Attributable to DTE Energy by Segment
Electric$342 $398 $788 $675 
Gas(30)(20)146 102 
DTE Vantage73 47 115 102 
Energy Trading(52)(28)(173)
Corporate and Other(275)(25)(381)(40)
Discontinued Operations(33)104 106 249 
Net Income Attributable to DTE Energy Company$25 $476 $601 $1,093 

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ELECTRIC
The Results of Operations discussion for DTE Electric is presented in a reduced disclosure format in accordance with General Instruction H(2) of Form 10-Q.
The Electric segment consists principally of DTE Electric. Electric results and outlook are discussed below:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions)
Operating Revenues — Utility operations$1,700 $1,690 $4,468 $4,211 
Fuel and purchased power — utility462 449 1,178 1,083 
Utility Margin1,238 1,241 3,290 3,128 
Operating Revenues — Non-utility operations2 9 10 
Operation and maintenance408 358 1,116 1,063 
Depreciation and amortization281 262 820 779 
Taxes other than income82 79 245 220 
Asset (gains) losses and impairments, net —  41 
Operating Income469 545 1,118 1,035 
Other (Income) and Deductions82 89 238 264 
Income Tax Expense45 58 92 96 
Net Income Attributable to DTE Energy Company$342 $398 $788 $675 
See DTE Electric's Consolidated Statements of Operations for a complete view of its results. Differences between the Electric segment and DTE Electric's Consolidated Statements of Operations are primarily due to non-utility operations at DTE Sustainable Generation and the classification of certain benefit costs. Refer to Note 14 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, "Retirement Benefits and Trusteed Assets" for additional information.
Utility Margin decreased $3 million in the three months ended September 30, 2021 and increased $162 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2021. Revenues associated with certain mechanisms and surcharges are offset by related expenses elsewhere in the Registrants' Consolidated Statements of Operations.
The following table details changes in various Utility Margin components relative to the comparable prior period:
Three MonthsNine Months
(In millions)
Implementation of new rates$— $71 
Regulatory mechanism — RPS22 43 
Regulatory mechanism — EWR10 34 
Base sales / rate mix(3)25 
Weather(40)(19)
Other regulatory mechanisms and other
Increase (decrease) in Utility Margin$(3)$162 
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Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In thousands of MWh)
DTE Electric Sales
Residential4,998 5,154 12,705 12,646 
Commercial4,625 4,507 12,532 11,936 
Industrial2,214 2,321 6,431 6,205 
Other49 49 155 157 
11,886 12,031 31,823 30,944 
Interconnection sales(a)
1,008 295 2,812 823 
Total DTE Electric Sales12,894 12,326 34,635 31,767 
DTE Electric Deliveries
Retail and wholesale11,886 12,031 31,823 30,944 
Electric retail access, including self-generators(b)
1,232 1,030 3,260 2,865 
Total DTE Electric Sales and Deliveries13,118 13,061 35,083 33,809 
______________________________
(a)Represents power that is not distributed by DTE Electric.
(b)Represents deliveries for self-generators that have purchased power from alternative energy suppliers to supplement their power requirements.
Operation and maintenance expense increased $50 million and $53 million in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. The increase in the third quarter was primarily due to higher distribution operations expense of $41 million (primarily due to higher storm costs), higher legal and environmental expense of $10 million, higher EWR expense of $9 million, and higher corporate support costs of $6 million, partially offset by lower uncollectible expense of $6 million, 2020 COVID-19 related expenses of $5 million, and lower benefits expense of $5 million. The increase in the nine-month period was primarily due to higher distribution operations expense of $36 million (primarily due to higher storm costs), higher EWR expense of $30 million, higher benefits expense of $19 million, higher legal and environmental expense of $13 million, and higher corporate support costs of $11 million, partially offset by 2020 COVID-19 related expenses of $34 million, lower uncollectible expense of $16 million, and lower plant generation expense of $10 million.
Depreciation and amortization expense increased $19 million and $41 million in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. The increase in both periods was primarily due to a higher depreciable base.
Taxes other than income increased $3 million and $25 million in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. The increase in the third quarter was primarily due to higher property taxes of $3 million. The increase in the nine-month period was primarily due to higher property taxes of $24 million, which resulted primarily from a favorable property tax settlement in 2020.
Asset (gains) losses and impairments, net decreased $41 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2021. The decrease was primarily due to a 2020 write-off of capital expenditures related to incentive compensation, which were disallowed in the May 8, 2020 rate order from the MPSC.
Other (Income) and Deductions decreased $7 million and $26 million in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. The decrease in the third quarter was primarily due to $10 million of contributions to not-for-profit organizations in 2020, partially offset by a change in rabbi trust investment earnings (loss of $1 million in 2021 compared to a gain of $2 million in 2020). The decrease in the nine-month period was primarily due to $10 million of contributions to not-for-profit organizations in 2020, a change in rabbi trust investment earnings (gain of $3 million in 2021 compared to a loss of $7 million in 2020), and lower non-operating retirement benefits expense of $5 million.

Income Tax Expense decreased $13 million and $4 million in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. The decrease in the third quarter was primarily due to lower earnings and higher production tax credits. The decrease in the nine-month period was primarily due to higher production tax credits and higher amortization of the TCJA regulatory liability, partially offset by higher earnings.
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Outlook DTE Electric will continue to move forward in its efforts to achieve operational excellence, sustain strong cash flows, and earn its authorized return on equity. DTE Electric expects that planned significant capital investments will result in earnings growth. DTE Electric will maintain a strong focus on customers by increasing reliability and satisfaction while keeping customer rate increases affordable. Looking forward, additional factors may impact earnings such as weather, the outcome of regulatory proceedings, benefit plan design changes, investment returns and changes in discount rate assumptions in benefit plans and health care costs, uncertainty of legislative or regulatory actions regarding climate change, and effects of energy waste reduction programs.
On March 26, 2021, DTE Electric filed an application requesting a financing order approving the securitization of $184 million of qualified costs related to the net book value of the River Rouge generation plant and tree trimming surge program costs. The filing requested collection of these qualifying costs from DTE Electric's customers. A final MPSC order was issued on June 23, 2021 authorizing DTE Electric to proceed with the issuance of securitization bonds for qualified costs of up to $236 million, increased for the inclusion of deferred taxes. The order authorized customer charges for the timely recovery of the amount securitized and other ongoing qualified costs. Securitization is expected in the first quarter 2022.
On August 31, 2021, DTE Electric filed an accounting application with the MPSC requesting approval of a one-time voluntary refund of $70 million collected in 2021 associated with the unexpected customer usage patterns due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This refund would be administered by investing in additional tree trimming without seeking future cost recovery. Such efforts would serve to improve customer reliability without impacting rates, thus providing an affordability benefit to customers. These investments would be incremental to the Tree Trim Surge expenses previously authorized by the MPSC.
DTE Electric anticipates receiving an order by the end of 2021. If approved by the end of the year, a regulatory liability will be recognized at that time. The regulatory liability would be reduced as the additional tree trim expenses are incurred during the remainder of 2021 through 2023. If the full $70 million is not spent by the end of 2023, DTE Electric would provide refunds to customers via bill credits for any shortage.

GAS
The Gas segment consists principally of DTE Gas. Gas results and outlook are discussed below:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions)
Operating Revenues — Utility operations$193 $173 $1,070 $964 
Cost of gas — utility23 12 263 232 
Utility Margin170 161 807 732 
Operation and maintenance123 119 380 360 
Depreciation and amortization44 37 130 112 
Taxes other than income20 18 71 62 
Asset (gains) losses and impairments, net— 14 
Operating Income (Loss)(18)(13)225 184 
Other (Income) and Deductions18 18 54 56 
Income Tax Expense (Benefit)(6)(11)25 26 
Net Income (Loss) Attributable to DTE Energy Company$(30)$(20)$146 $102 
Utility Margin increased $9 million and $75 million in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. Revenues associated with certain mechanisms and surcharges are offset by related expenses elsewhere in DTE Energy's Consolidated Statements of Operations.
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The following table details changes in various Utility Margin components relative to the comparable prior period:
Three MonthsNine Months
(In millions)
Implementation of new rates$11 $74 
Home protection program
Regulatory mechanism — EWR(1)
Weather(2)
Infrastructure recovery mechanism(5)(18)
Other regulatory mechanisms and other
Increase in Utility Margin$9 $75 
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In Bcf)
Gas Markets
Gas sales7 88 85 
End-user transportation34 40 123 135 
41 47 211 220 
Intermediate transportation102 110 370 349 
Total Gas sales143 157 581 569 
Operation and maintenance expense increased $4 million and $20 million in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. The increase in the third quarter was primarily due to higher gas operations expense of $14 million, partially offset by lower uncollectible expense of $4 million and lower benefits expense of $4 million. The increase in the nine-month period was primarily due to higher gas operations expense of $30 million and higher EWR expense of $4 million, partially offset by lower uncollectible expense of $11 million.
Depreciation and amortization expense increased $7 million and $18 million in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. The increase in both periods was primarily due to a higher depreciable base and a change in depreciation rates effective October 2020.
Taxes other than income expense increased $2 million and $9 million in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. The increase in the third quarter was primarily due to higher property taxes. The increase in the nine-month period was primarily due to higher property taxes of $5 million and employee retention credits of $3 million recognized in 2020 pursuant to the CARES Act.
Asset (gains) losses and impairments, net increased $1 million in the three months ended September 30, 2021 and decreased $13 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2021. The decrease in the nine-month period was primarily due to a 2020 write-off of capital expenditures related to incentive compensation, which were disallowed in the July 17, 2020 rate case settlement.
Income Tax Expense (Benefit) decreased $5 million and $1 million in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. The decrease in the third quarter was primarily due to higher amortization of the TCJA regulatory liability. The decrease in the nine-month period was primarily due to higher amortization of the TCJA regulatory liability, partially offset by higher earnings.
Outlook — DTE Gas will continue to move forward in its efforts to achieve operational excellence, sustain strong cash flows, and earn its authorized return on equity. DTE Gas expects that planned significant infrastructure capital investments will result in earnings growth. Looking forward, additional factors may impact earnings such as weather, the outcome of regulatory proceedings, benefit plan design changes, and investment returns and changes in discount rate assumptions in benefit plans and health care costs. DTE Gas expects to continue its efforts to improve productivity and decrease costs while improving customer satisfaction with consideration of customer rate affordability.
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DTE Gas filed a rate case with the MPSC on February 12, 2021 requesting an increase in base rates of $195 million based on a projected twelve-month period ending December 31, 2022. The requested increase in base rates is primarily due to an increase in net plant resulting from infrastructure investments and operating and maintenance expenses. The rate filing also requested an increase in return on equity from 9.9% to 10.25% and includes projected changes in sales and working capital. A final MPSC order in this case is expected by December 2021.

DTE VANTAGE
The DTE Vantage segment is comprised primarily of projects that deliver energy and utility-type products and services to industrial, commercial, and institutional customers, produce reduced emissions fuel, and sell electricity and pipeline-quality gas from renewable energy projects. DTE Vantage results and outlook are discussed below:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions)
Operating Revenues — Non-utility operations$372 $324 $1,132 $850 
Fuel, purchased power, and gas — non-utility267 246 851 624 
Non-utility Margin105 78 281 226 
Operation and maintenance77 71 226 206 
Depreciation and amortization18 18 55 53 
Taxes other than income2 8 
Asset (gains) losses and impairments, net1 (2)28 (12)
Operating Income (Loss)7 (11)(36)(29)
Other (Income) and Deductions(61)(47)(108)(100)
Income Taxes
Expense18 10 22 21 
Production Tax Credits(20)(19)(56)(47)
(2)(9)(34)(26)
Net Income70 45 106 97 
Less: Net Loss Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests(3)(2)(9)(5)
Net Income Attributable to DTE Energy Company$73 $47 $115 $102 
Operating Revenues — Non-utility operations increased $48 million and $282 million in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. The increase in both periods was due to the following:
Three MonthsNine Months
(In millions)
Higher production offset by the sale of membership interests in the REF business$10 $171 
Higher demand offset by lower prices in the Steel business40 81 
New projects in the Renewables business14 41 
Higher volumes in the On-site business12 
Closed projects in the Renewables business(1)(6)
Site closure in the REF business(17)(17)
$48 $282 
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Non-utility Margin increased $27 million and $55 million in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. The following table details changes in Non-utility Margin relative to the comparable prior periods:
Three MonthsNine Months
(In millions)
New projects in the Renewables business$15 $41 
Higher demand offset by lower prices in the Steel business13 17 
Closed projects in the Renewables business(1)(5)
Other— 
$27 $55 
Operation and maintenance expense increased $6 million and $20 million in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. The increase in both periods was primarily due to higher production and new projects.
Asset (gains) losses and impairments, net changed by $3 million and $40 million in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. The change in the third quarter was primarily due to the divestiture of a project in the Renewables business in 2020. The change in the nine-month period was primarily due to an asset impairment of $27 million recorded in the Steel business for the anticipated closure of a pulverized coal facility. The change in the nine-month period was also due to $12 million of activity in 2020, including the write-off of environmental liabilities upon completing site remediation in the Steel business, the sale of assets in the On-site business, and the divestiture of a project in the Renewables business.
Refer to Note 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, “Dispositions and Impairments,” for additional information regarding the $27 million asset impairment and consideration of any additional impacts to future periods.
Other (Income) and Deductions increased $14 million and $8 million in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. The increase in the third quarter was primarily due to higher production in the REF business. The increase in the nine-month period was primarily due to higher production in the REF business, partially offset by $11 million of profit recognized from the sale of membership interests in the REF business recorded in 2020.
Income Taxes — Production Tax Credits increased $1 million and $9 million in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. The increase in the third quarter was primarily due to higher production in the REF business. The increase in the nine-month period was primarily due to higher production partially offset by the sale of membership interests in the REF business.
Net Loss Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests increased $1 million and $4 million in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. The increase in both periods was primarily due to higher production in the REF business.
Outlook — DTE Vantage will continue to leverage its extensive energy-related operating experience and project management capability to develop additional energy and renewable natural gas projects to serve energy intensive industrial customers in addition to optimizing the REF facilities until the phase-out at the end of 2021. Beginning in 2022, DTE Vantage expects decreases in Other Income and Production Tax Credits that will cause a corresponding reduction to Net Income as REF facilities will cease operations. Over the long-term, DTE Vantage expects growth in industrial energy services projects and renewable energy projects will offset the decreases to Net Income caused by the REF phase-out.

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ENERGY TRADING
Energy Trading focuses on physical and financial power, natural gas and environmental marketing and trading, structured transactions, enhancement of returns from its asset portfolio, and optimization of contracted natural gas pipeline transportation and storage positions. Energy Trading also provides natural gas, power, environmental, and related services, which may include the management of associated storage and transportation contracts on the customers' behalf and the supply or purchase of environmental attributes to various customers. Energy Trading results and outlook are discussed below:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
(In millions)
Operating Revenues — Non-utility operations$1,602 $1,061 $4,208 $2,714 
Purchased power and gas — non-utility1,630 1,076 4,347 2,636 
Non-utility Margin(28)(15)(139)78 
Operation and maintenance17 19 60 60 
Depreciation and amortization1 4 
Taxes other than income1 4 
Operating Income (Loss)(47)(36)(207)10 
Other (Income) and Deductions22 23 
Income Tax Expense (Benefit)(17)(9)(57)
Net Income (Loss) Attributable to DTE Energy Company$(52)$(28)$(173)$
Operating Revenues — Non-utility operations increased $541 million and $1,494 million in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. The increase in both periods was primarily due to an increase in gas prices in the gas structured and gas transportation strategies.
Non-utility Margin decreased $13 million and $217 million in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. The following tables detail changes in Non-utility margin relative to the comparable prior periods:
Three Months
(In millions)
Unrealized Margins(a)
Favorable results, primarily in gas transportation, environmental trading, and power full requirements strategies$87 
Unfavorable results, primarily in gas structured and gas storage strategies(b)
(127)
(40)
Realized Margins(a)
Favorable results, primarily in gas structured, gas transportation, and power trading strategies(c)
72 
Unfavorable results, primarily in environmental trading and power full requirements strategies(45)
27 
Decrease in Non-utility Margin$(13)
_______________________________________
(a)Natural gas structured transactions typically involve a physical purchase or sale of natural gas in the future and/or natural gas basis financial instruments which are derivatives and a related non-derivative pipeline transportation contract. These gas structured transactions can result in significant earnings volatility as the derivative components are marked-to-market without revaluing the related non-derivative contracts.
(b)Amount includes $82 million of timing related losses related to gas strategies which will reverse in future periods as the underlying contracts settle.
(c)Amount includes $54 million of timing related losses related to gas strategies recognized in previous periods that reversed as the underlying contracts settled.
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Nine Months
(In millions)
Unrealized Margins(a)
Favorable results, primarily in the power full requirements strategy$25 
Unfavorable results, primarily in gas structured, environmental trading, and gas storage strategies(b)
(297)
(272)
Realized Margins(a)
Favorable results, primarily in gas structured, gas trading, and environmental trading strategies(c)
132 
Unfavorable results, primarily in power ERCOT trading and power full requirements strategies(77)
55 
Decrease in Non-utility Margin$(217)
_______________________________________
(a)Natural gas structured transactions typically involve a physical purchase or sale of natural gas in the future and/or natural gas basis financial instruments which are derivatives and a related non-derivative pipeline transportation contract. These gas structured transactions can result in significant earnings volatility as the derivative components are marked-to-market without revaluing the related non-derivative contracts.
(b)Amount includes $278 million of timing related losses related to gas strategies which will reverse in future periods as the underlying contracts settle.
(c)Amount includes $16 million of timing related losses related to gas strategies recognized in previous periods that reversed as the underlying contracts settled.
Other (Income) and Deductions increased $21 million and $20 million in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. The increase in both periods was primarily due to contributions to not-for-profit organizations including the DTE Energy Foundation.
Outlook — In the near-term, Energy Trading expects market conditions to remain challenging. The profitability of this segment may be impacted by the volatility in commodity prices and the uncertainty of impacts associated with regulatory changes, and changes in operating rules of Regional Transmission Organizations. Significant portions of the Energy Trading portfolio are economically hedged. Most financial instruments, physical power and natural gas contracts, and certain environmental contracts are deemed derivatives; whereas, natural gas and environmental inventory, contracts for pipeline transportation, storage assets, and some environmental contracts are not derivatives. As a result, Energy Trading will experience earnings volatility as derivatives are marked-to-market without revaluing the underlying non-derivative contracts and assets. Energy Trading's strategy is to economically manage the price risk of these underlying non-derivative contracts and assets with futures, forwards, swaps, and options. This results in gains and losses that are recognized in different interim and annual accounting periods.
See also the "Fair Value" section herein and Notes 8 and 9 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, "Fair Value" and "Financial and Other Derivative Instruments," respectively.

CORPORATE AND OTHER
Corporate and Other includes various holding company activities, holds certain non-utility debt, and holds certain investments, including funds supporting regional development and economic growth. The net loss of $275 million and $381 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively, represents an increase of $250 million and $341 million from the net loss of $25 million and $40 million in the comparable 2020 periods.
The increase in both periods was primarily due to the loss on extinguishment of debt incurred in 2021, which reduced earnings by $286 million and $292 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. The increase in both periods was also driven by effective income tax rate adjustments, higher net interest expense, and a valuation allowance established in the third quarter 2021 for certain charitable contribution carryforwards. For the nine-month period, the higher loss was also due to the carryback of 2018 net operating losses to 2013 pursuant to the CARES Act, which resulted in a $34 million reduction to Income Tax Expense in 2020. The losses in both periods were partially offset by the remeasurement of state deferred taxes following the separation of DT Midstream, which resulted in a $85 million reduction to Income Tax Expense in the third quarter 2021.
For additional information regarding the loss on extinguishment of debt, refer to Note 10 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, "Long-term Debt." For additional information regarding the remeasurement of state deferred taxes and valuation allowance, refer to the Income Taxes section of Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, "Significant Accounting Policies."
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CAPITAL RESOURCES AND LIQUIDITY
Cash Requirements
DTE Energy uses cash to maintain and invest in the electric and natural gas utilities, to grow the non-utility businesses, to retire and pay interest on long-term debt, and to pay dividends. DTE Energy believes it will have sufficient internal and external capital resources to fund anticipated capital and operating requirements. DTE Energy expects that cash from operations in 2021 will be approximately $2.7 billion. DTE Energy anticipates base level utility capital investments, including environmental, renewable, and energy waste reduction expenditures; expenditures for non-utility businesses; and contributions to equity method investees in 2021 of approximately $3.9 billion. DTE Energy plans to seek regulatory approval to include utility capital expenditures in regulatory rate base consistent with prior treatment. Capital spending for growth of existing or new non-utility businesses will depend on the existence of opportunities that meet strict risk-return and value creation criteria.
Refer to the "Capital Investments" section above for additional information on DTE Energy's capital strategy and estimated spend over the next five years. Any capital commitments are also included in the disclosure of Purchase Commitments within Note 13 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, "Commitments and Contingencies."
Nine Months Ended September 30,
20212020
(in millions)
Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash at Beginning of Period$516 $93 
Net cash from operating activities2,372 2,781 
Net cash used for investing activities(2,780)(3,093)
Net cash from (used for) financing activities(52)1,181 
Net Increase (Decrease) in Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash(460)869 
Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash at End of Period$56 $962 
Refer below for analysis of cash flows relating to operating, investing, and financing activities, which reflect DTE Energy's change in financial condition. Any significant non-cash items are included in the Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities within the the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.
Cash from Operating Activities
A majority of DTE Energy's operating cash flows are provided by the electric and natural gas utilities, which are significantly influenced by factors such as weather, electric retail access, regulatory deferrals, regulatory outcomes, economic conditions, changes in working capital, and operating costs.
Net cash from operations decreased by $409 million in 2021. The decrease was primarily due to a decrease in Deferred income taxes and Net Income, adjusted for the Loss on extinguishment of debt to reconcile Net Income to Net cash from operating activities. The decrease was partially offset by an increase from working capital items and Depreciation and amortization.
The change in working capital items in 2021 was primarily due to an increase in cash related to Accounts payable, Regulatory assets and liabilities, and Derivative assets and liabilities, partially offset by a decrease in cash related to Accounts receivable, net, Inventories, and Other current and noncurrent assets and liabilities.
Cash used for Investing Activities
Cash inflows associated with investing activities are primarily generated from the sale of assets, while cash outflows are the result of plant and equipment expenditures and acquisitions. In any given year, DTE Energy looks to realize cash from under-performing or non-strategic assets or matured, fully valued assets.
Capital spending within the utility businesses is primarily to maintain and improve electric generation and the electric and natural gas distribution infrastructure, and to comply with environmental regulations and renewable energy requirements.
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Capital spending within the non-utility businesses is primarily for ongoing maintenance, expansion, and growth. DTE Energy looks to make growth investments that meet strict criteria in terms of strategy, management skills, risks, and returns. All new investments are analyzed for their rates of return and cash payback on a risk adjusted basis. DTE Energy has been disciplined in how it deploys capital and will not make investments unless they meet the criteria. For new business lines, DTE Energy initially invests based on research and analysis. DTE Energy starts with a limited investment, evaluates the results, and either expands or exits the business based on those results. In any given year, the amount of growth capital will be determined by the underlying cash flows of DTE Energy, with a clear understanding of any potential impact on its credit ratings.
Net cash used for investing activities decreased by $313 million in 2021 primarily due to a decrease in non-utility plant and equipment expenditures and a decrease in Acquisitions related to business combinations, net of cash acquired, partially offset by an increase in utility plant and equipment expenditures.
Cash from (used for) Financing Activities
DTE Energy relies on both short-term borrowing and long-term financing as a source of funding for capital requirements not satisfied by its operations.
DTE Energy's strategy is to have a targeted debt portfolio blend of fixed and variable interest rates and maturity. DTE Energy targets balance sheet financial metrics to ensure it is consistent with the objective of a strong investment grade debt rating.
Net cash from financing activities decreased by $1.2 billion in 2021 primarily due to an increase in Redemption of long-term debt, Prepayment costs for redemption of long-term debt, Repurchase of common stock, and Dividends paid on common stock, partially offset by increases in Issuance of long-term debt and Short-term borrowings, net. The change is also due to the Acquisition related deferred payment during the nine months ended September 30, 2020.
Outlook
DTE Energy expects cash flows from operations to increase over the long-term, primarily as a result of growth from the utility and non-utility businesses. Growth in the utilities is expected to be driven primarily by capital spending which will increase the base from which rates are determined. Non-utility growth is expected from additional investments in the DTE Vantage segment. DTE Vantage cash flows are expected to temporarily decrease beginning in 2022 as REF facilities will have ceased operations. Growth from new industrial energy services projects and renewable energy investments are expected to offset these decreases over the long-term.
DTE Energy's separation of DT Midstream will also reduce operating cash flows in the near term. However, DTE Energy still expects higher cash flows from operations over the long-term due to the growth of its utilities and other non-utility operations.
DTE Energy may be impacted by the timing of collection or refund of various recovery and tracking mechanisms, as a result of timing of MPSC orders. Energy prices are likely to be a source of volatility with regard to working capital requirements for the foreseeable future. DTE Energy continues its efforts to identify opportunities to improve cash flows through working capital initiatives and maintaining flexibility in the timing and extent of long-term capital projects.
In July and August 2021, DTE Energy optionally redeemed $2.6 billion of long-term debt and incurred prepayment costs of $361 million. These redemptions were made using proceeds from DT Midstream's repayment of intercompany borrowings and one-time special dividend and will reduce interest expense in future periods. Refer to Notes 4 and 10 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, "Dispositions and Impairments" and "Long-term Debt," respectively, for additional information.
DTE Energy has $324 million in long-term debt, including finance leases, maturing within twelve months. Repayment of the debt is expected to be made through internally generated funds or the issuance of new long-term debt.
DTE Energy has approximately $2.1 billion of available liquidity at September 30, 2021, consisting primarily of cash and cash equivalents and amounts available under unsecured revolving credit agreements.
DTE Energy does not expect any equity issuances for 2021. Any contributions to the qualified pension plans are expected to be made in cash and DTE Energy does not anticipate making any contributions to its other postretirement benefit plans in 2021.
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To finance the acquisition of midstream natural gas assets in December 2019, DTE Energy issued equity units that will result in the issuance of common stock in November 2022. This transaction is not expected to impact DTE Energy's cash flows. Cash flow impacts in 2021-2022 will relate primarily to the payment of the remaining stock purchase liability associated with the equity units, which remain with DTE Energy after the separation of DT Midstream. Over the long-term, DTE Energy does not have any other equity commitments and will continue to evaluate equity needs on an annual basis in consideration of economic and financial market conditions.
DTE Energy has paid quarterly cash dividends for more than 100 consecutive years and expects to continue paying regular cash dividends in the future, including approximately $0.8 billion in 2021. Any payment of future dividends is subject to approval by the Board of Directors and may depend on DTE Energy's future earnings, capital requirements, and financial condition. Over the long-term, DTE Energy expects continued dividend growth and is targeting a payout ratio consistent with pure-play utility companies.
Various subsidiaries and equity investees of DTE Energy have entered into contracts which contain ratings triggers and are guaranteed by DTE Energy. These contracts contain provisions which allow the counterparties to require that DTE Energy post cash or letters of credit as collateral in the event that DTE Energy's credit rating is downgraded below investment grade. Certain of these provisions (known as "hard triggers") state specific circumstances under which DTE Energy can be required to post collateral upon the occurrence of a credit downgrade, while other provisions (known as "soft triggers") are not as specific. For contracts with soft triggers, it is difficult to estimate the amount of collateral which may be requested by counterparties and/or which DTE Energy may ultimately be required to post. The amount of such collateral which could be requested fluctuates based on commodity prices (primarily natural gas, power, environmental, and coal) and the provisions and maturities of the underlying transactions. As of September 30, 2021, DTE Energy's contractual obligation to post collateral in the form of cash or letters of credit in the event of a downgrade to below investment grade, under both hard trigger and soft trigger provisions, was $575 million.
The separation of DT Midstream has resulted in a shift in DTE Energy's strategy to a predominately pure-play utility, but to date has not had any impact on DTE Energy's credit ratings. Since the announcement of the planned separation in October 2020 and completed separation in July 2021, Standard and Poor's Global Ratings, Fitch Ratings, and Moody's Investor Service have all affirmed the ratings and stable outlook of DTE Energy, DTE Electric, and DTE Gas.
DTE Energy believes it will have sufficient operating flexibility, cash resources, and funding sources to maintain adequate amounts of liquidity and to meet future operating cash and capital expenditure needs. However, virtually all of DTE Energy's businesses are capital intensive, or require access to capital, and the inability to access adequate capital could adversely impact earnings and cash flows.
See Notes 6, 10, 11, 13, and 14 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, "Regulatory Matters," "Long-Term Debt," "Short-Term Credit Arrangements and Borrowings," "Commitments and Contingencies," and "Retirement Benefits and Trusteed Assets," respectively.

NEW ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
See Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, "New Accounting Pronouncements."

FAIR VALUE
Derivatives are generally recorded at fair value and shown as Derivative assets or liabilities. Contracts DTE Energy typically classifies as derivative instruments include power, natural gas, some environmental contracts, and certain forwards, futures, options and swaps, and foreign currency exchange contracts. Items DTE Energy does not generally account for as derivatives include natural gas and environmental inventory, pipeline transportation contracts, storage assets, and some environmental contracts. See Notes 8 and 9 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, "Fair Value" and "Financial and Other Derivative Instruments," respectively.
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The tables below do not include the expected earnings impact of non-derivative natural gas storage, transportation, certain power contracts, and some environmental contracts which are subject to accrual accounting. Consequently, gains and losses from these positions may not match with the related physical and financial hedging instruments in some reporting periods, resulting in volatility in the Registrants' reported period-by-period earnings; however, the financial impact of the timing differences will reverse at the time of physical delivery and/or settlement.
The Registrants manage their MTM risk on a portfolio basis based upon the delivery period of their contracts and the individual components of the risks within each contract. Accordingly, the Registrants record and manage the energy purchase and sale obligations under their contracts in separate components based on the commodity (e.g. electricity or natural gas), the product (e.g. electricity for delivery during peak or off-peak hours), the delivery location (e.g. by region), the risk profile (e.g. forward or option), and the delivery period (e.g. by month and year).
The Registrants have established a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value in three broad levels. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3). For further discussion of the fair value hierarchy, see Note 8 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, "Fair Value."
The following table provides details on changes in DTE Energy's MTM net asset (or liability) position:
DTE Energy
(In millions)
MTM at December 31, 2020$28 
Reclassified to realized upon settlement16 
Changes in fair value recorded to income(281)
Amounts recorded to unrealized income(265)
Changes in fair value recorded in regulatory liabilities14 
Change in collateral(58)
MTM at September 30, 2021$(281)
The table below shows the maturity of DTE Energy's MTM positions. The positions from 2024 and beyond principally represent longer tenor gas structured transactions:
Source of Fair Value2021202220232024 and BeyondTotal Fair Value
(In millions)
Level 1$21 $86 $35 $12 $154 
Level 231 11 (22)(28)(8)
Level 3(74)(155)(37)(97)(363)
MTM before collateral adjustments$(22)$(58)$(24)$(113)(217)
Collateral adjustments(64)
MTM at September 30, 2021$(281)

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Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Market Price Risk
The Electric and Gas businesses have commodity price risk, primarily related to the purchases of coal, natural gas, uranium, and electricity. However, the Registrants do not bear significant exposure to earnings risk, as such changes are included in the PSCR and GCR regulatory rate-recovery mechanisms. In addition, changes in the price of natural gas can impact the valuation of lost and stolen gas, storage sales, and transportation services revenue at the Gas segment. The Gas segment manages its market price risk related to storage sales revenue primarily through the sale of long-term storage contracts. The Registrants are exposed to short-term cash flow or liquidity risk as a result of the time differential between actual cash settlements and regulatory rate recovery.
The DTE Vantage segment is subject to electricity, natural gas, and coal product price risk. DTE Energy manages its exposure to commodity price risk through the use of long-term contracts.
DTE Energy's Energy Trading business segment has exposure to electricity, natural gas, environmental, crude oil, heating oil, and foreign currency exchange price fluctuations. These risks are managed by the energy marketing and trading operations through the use of forward energy, capacity, storage, options, and futures contracts, within predetermined risk parameters.
Credit Risk
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
The Registrants regularly review contingent matters, existing and future economic conditions, customer trends and other factors relating to customers and their contracts and record provisions for amounts considered at risk of probable loss in the allowance for doubtful accounts. The Registrants believe their accrued amounts are adequate for probable loss.
Trading Activities
DTE Energy is exposed to credit risk through trading activities. Credit risk is the potential loss that may result if the trading counterparties fail to meet their contractual obligations. DTE Energy utilizes both external and internal credit assessments when determining the credit quality of trading counterparties.
The following table displays the credit quality of DTE Energy's trading counterparties as of September 30, 2021:
Credit Exposure
Before Cash
Collateral
Cash
Collateral
Net Credit
Exposure
(In millions)
Investment Grade(a)
A- and Greater$295 $— $295 
BBB+ and BBB156 — 156 
BBB-18 — 18 
Total Investment Grade469 — 469 
Non-investment grade(b)
— 
Internally Rated — investment grade(c)
927 (72)855 
Internally Rated — non-investment grade(d)
56 (6)50 
Total$1,454 $(78)$1,376 
_______________________________________
(a)This category includes counterparties with minimum credit ratings of Baa3 assigned by Moody’s Investors Service (Moody’s) or BBB-assigned by Standard & Poor’s Rating Group, a division of McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. (Standard & Poor’s). The five largest counterparty exposures, combined, for this category represented 11% of the total gross credit exposure.
(b)This category includes counterparties with credit ratings that are below investment grade. The five largest counterparty exposures, combined, for this category represented less than 1% of the total gross credit exposure.
(c)This category includes counterparties that have not been rated by Moody’s or Standard & Poor’s but are considered investment grade based on DTE Energy’s evaluation of the counterparty’s creditworthiness. The five largest counterparty exposures, combined, for this category represented 23% of the total gross credit exposure.
(d)This category includes counterparties that have not been rated by Moody’s or Standard & Poor’s and are considered non-investment grade based on DTE Energy’s evaluation of the counterparty’s creditworthiness. The five largest counterparty exposures, combined, for this category represented 2% of the total gross credit exposure.
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Other
The Registrants engage in business with customers that are non-investment grade. The Registrants closely monitor the credit ratings of these customers and, when deemed necessary and permitted under the tariffs, request collateral or guarantees from such customers to secure their obligations.
Interest Rate Risk
DTE Energy is subject to interest rate risk in connection with the issuance of debt. In order to manage interest costs, DTE Energy may use treasury locks and interest rate swap agreements. DTE Energy's exposure to interest rate risk arises primarily from changes in U.S. Treasury rates, commercial paper rates, and LIBOR. As of September 30, 2021, DTE Energy had floating rate debt of $361 million and a floating rate debt-to-total debt ratio of 2.05%.
Foreign Currency Exchange Risk
DTE Energy has foreign currency exchange risk arising from market price fluctuations associated with fixed priced contracts. These contracts are denominated in Canadian dollars and are primarily for the purchase and sale of natural gas and power, as well as for long-term transportation capacity. To limit DTE Energy's exposure to foreign currency exchange fluctuations, DTE Energy has entered into a series of foreign currency exchange forward contracts through June 2030.
Summary of Sensitivity Analyses
Sensitivity analyses were performed on the fair values of commodity contracts for DTE Energy and long-term debt obligations for the Registrants. The commodity contracts listed below principally relate to energy marketing and trading activities. The sensitivity analyses involved increasing and decreasing forward prices and rates at September 30, 2021 and 2020 by a hypothetical 10% and calculating the resulting change in the fair values. The hypothetical losses related to long-term debt would be realized only if DTE Energy transferred all of its fixed-rate long-term debt to other creditors.
The results of the sensitivity analyses:
Assuming a
10% Increase in Prices/Rates
Assuming a
10% Decrease in Prices/Rates
As of September 30,As of September 30,
Activity2021202020212020Change in the Fair Value of
(In millions)
Environmental contracts$(16)$(3)$15 $Commodity contracts
Gas contracts$102 $21 $(102)$(20)Commodity contracts
Power contracts$13 $$(13)$(6)Commodity contracts