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ESP Espey Manufacturing & Electronics

Filed: 14 May 18, 4:24pm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D. C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018

 

Commission File Number I-4383

 

ESPEYLogoPrint.jpg

 

ESPEY MFG. & ELECTRONICS CORP.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

NEW YORK

(State of incorporation)

14-1387171

(I.R.S. Employer's Identification No.)

 

233 Ballston Avenue, Saratoga Springs, New York 12866

(Address of principal executive offices)

518-245-4400

(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

SYes     £No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

SYes     £No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company:

£Large accelerated filerSSmaller reporting company
£Accelerated filer£Non-accelerated filer

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company.

£Yes     SNo

 

At May 10, 2018, there were 2,383,723 shares outstanding of the registrant's Common stock, $.33-1/3 par value.

 

 

 

 

ESPEY MFG. & ELECTRONICS CORP.

Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q

I N D E X

 

PART IFINANCIAL INFORMATIONPAGE
    
 Item 1Financial Statements: 
    
  Balance Sheets - March 31, 2018 (Unaudited) and June 30, 20171
    
  Statements of Comprehensive Income (Unaudited) - Three and Nine Months Ended March 31, 2018 and 20172
    
  Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited) - Nine Months Ended March 31, 2018 and 20173
    
  Notes to Financial Statements (Unaudited)4
    
 Item 2Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations10
    
 Item 3Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk14
    
 Item 4Controls and Procedures14
    
PART IIOTHER INFORMATION15
    
 Item 1Legal Proceedings15
    
 Item 2Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities15
    
 Item 3Defaults upon Senior Securities15
    
 Item 4Mine Safety Disclosures15
    
 Item 5Other Information15
    
 Item 6Exhibits15
    
 SIGNATURES16

 

 

PART I: FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ESPEY MFG. & ELECTRONICS CORP.

Balance Sheets

March 31, 2018 (Unaudited) and June 30, 2017

  March 31, 2018  June 30, 2017 
ASSETS:        
     Cash and cash equivalents $6,906,752  $10,058,163 
     Investment securities  11,402,394   9,426,968 
     Trade accounts receivable, net of allowance of $3,000  3,595,441   3,399,613 
     Income tax receivable  148,102   120,179 
         
     Inventories:        
          Raw materials  1,419,002   1,303,259 
          Work-in-process  978,550   512,014 
          Costs related to contracts in process, net of advance payments        
          of $577,714 and $1,366,504 at March 31, 2018 and        
          June 30, 2017, respectively  7,903,603   7,863,538 
                          Total inventories  10,301,155   9,678,811 
     Deferred tax assets     317,559 
     Prepaid expenses and other current assets  776,447   227,306 
                          Total current assets  33,130,291   33,228,599 
         
     Property, plant and equipment, net  2,579,043   2,265,096 
     Deferred tax assets  78,489    
                          Total assets $35,787,823  $35,493,695 
         
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY:        
     Accounts payable $1,499,895  $2,250,115 
     Accrued expenses:        
          Salaries and wages  391,213   172,045 
          Vacation  724,662   656,199 
          ESOP payable  245,752    
          Other  163,418   250,283 
     Payroll and other taxes withheld  58,429   46,939 
                     Total current liabilities  3,083,369   3,375,581 
     Deferred tax liabilities     220,571 
                     Total liabilities  3,083,369   3,596,152 
          Commitments and contingencies (See Note 5)        
     Common stock, par value $.33-1/3 per share        
          Authorized 10,000,000 shares; Issued 3,029,874 shares        
                  as of March 31, 2018 and June 30, 2017.  Outstanding        
                  2,375,923 and 2,371,321 as of March 31, 2018 and        
                 June 30, 2017, respectively (includes 33,125 and        
                  45,000 Unearned ESOP shares, respectively)  1,009,958   1,009,958 
     Capital in excess of par value  17,861,046   17,650,335 
     Accumulated other comprehensive loss  (6,592)  (3,599)
     Retained earnings  22,301,533   21,670,196 
   41,165,945   40,326,890 
     Less:  Unearned ESOP shares  (650,248)  (650,248)
                Cost of 653,951 and 658,553 shares of common stock        
                in treasury as of March 31, 2018 and June 30, 2017,        
                  respectively  (7,811,243)  (7,779,099)
                         Total stockholders’ equity  32,704,454   31,897,543 
                         Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $35,787,823  $35,493,695 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the financial statements.

ESPEY MFG. & ELECTRONICS CORP.

Statements of Comprehensive Income (Unaudited)

Three and Nine Months Ended March 31, 2018 and 2017

 

  Three Months Ended  Nine Months Ended 
  March 31,  March 31, 
  2018  2017  2018  2017 
             
Net sales $5,663,161  $5,324,104  $24,690,689  $17,060,411 
Cost of sales  4,407,957   4,195,599   18,898,733   13,508,014 
     Gross profit  1,255,204   1,128,505   5,791,956   3,552,397 
                 
Selling, general and administrative expenses  895,129   784,589   2,756,319   2,307,636 
     Operating income  360,075   343,916   3,035,637   1,244,761 
                 
Other income                
     Interest income  42,684   39,911   109,561   63,385 
     Other  13,428   7,488   31,236   21,691 
           Total other income  56,112   47,399   140,797   85,076 
                 
Income before provision for income taxes  416,187   391,315   3,176,434   1,329,837 
                 
Provision for income taxes  98,423   112,142   801,035   385,761 
                 
              Net income $317,764  $279,173  $2,375,399  $944,076 
                 
Other comprehensive income, net of tax:                
     Unrealized loss on investment securities  (2,143)  (247)  (2,993)  (1,503)
                 
              Total comprehensive income $315,621  $278,926  $2,372,406  $942,573 
                 
                 
Net income per share:                
                 
     Basic $0.14  $0.12  $1.02  $0.41 
     Diluted $0.14  $0.12  $1.02  $0.41 
                 
Weighted average number of shares outstanding:                
                 
     Basic  2,331,697   2,317,838   2,328,518   2,309,771 
     Diluted  2,349,428   2,327,797   2,338,909   2,323,431 
                 
Dividends per share: $0.25  $0.25  $0.75  $0.75 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the financial statements.

 

ESPEY MFG. & ELECTRONICS CORP.

Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)

Nine Months Ended March 31, 2018 and 2017

 

 

  March 31, 2018  March 31, 2017 
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:        
     Net income $2,375,399  $944,076 
         
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash        
          provided by operating activities:        
     Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation     (9,070)
     Stock-based compensation  86,675   93,293 
     Depreciation  318,076   323,710 
     ESOP compensation expense  279,502   320,835 
     Deferred income tax expense  19,707   50,146 
     Changes in assets and liabilities:        
          (Increase) decrease in trade receivable, net  (195,828)  1,583,208 
          (Increase) decrease in income taxes receivable  (27,923)  107,615 
          (Increase) decrease in inventories, net  (622,344)  1,891,249 
          Increase in prepaid expenses and other current assets  (549,141)  (123,758)
          (Decrease) increase in accounts payable  (750,220)  82,715 
          Increase (decrease) in accrued salaries and wages  219,168   (258,947)
          Increase in vacation accrual  68,463   16,874 
          Decrease in ESOP payable  (33,750)  (46,250)
          Decrease in other accrued expenses  (86,865)  (40,020)
          Increase (decrease) in payroll and other taxes withheld  11,490   (2,531)
               Net cash provided by operating activities  1,112,409   4,933,145 
         
Cash Flows from Investing Activities:        
     Additions to property, plant and equipment  (632,023)  (331,686)
     Purchase of investment securities  (10,101,613)  (7,606,900)
     Proceeds from sale/maturity of investment securities  8,121,986   3,974,224 
               Net cash used in investing activities  (2,611,650)  (3,964,362)
         
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:        
     Dividends on common stock  (1,744,062)  (1,730,031)
     Purchase of treasury stock  (109,694)  (44,335)
     Proceeds from exercise of stock options  201,586   150,917 
     Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation     9,070 
               Net cash used in financing activities  (1,652,170)  (1,614,379)
         
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents  (3,151,411)  (645,596)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period  10,058,163   10,031,644 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period $6,906,752  $9,386,048 
         
Supplemental Schedule of Cash Flow Information:        
     Income taxes paid $810,000  $228,000 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the financial statements.

 

ESPEY MFG. & ELECTRONICS CORP.

Notes to Financial Statements (Unaudited)

Note 1. Basis of Presentation

In the opinion of management the accompanying unaudited financial statements contain all adjustments (consisting of only normal recurring adjustments) necessary for a fair presentation of the results for such periods. The results for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full fiscal year. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of assets and liabilities. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates and judgments, including those related to revenue recognition, inventories, income taxes, and stock-based compensation. Management bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other factors that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company's most recent audited financial statements included in its report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2017. Certain reclassifications may have been made to the prior year financial statements to conform to the current year presentation.

Note 2. Investment Securities

ASC 820 establishes a fair value hierarchy which requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. The standard describes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

§Level 1: Quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets that the entity has the ability to access as of the measurement date.
§Level 2: Significant other observable inputs other than Level 1 prices such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.
§Level 3: Significant unobservable inputs that reflect a reporting entity’s own assumptions about the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability.

The carrying amounts of financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, short term investment securities, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued expenses, approximated fair value as of March 31, 2018 and June 30, 2017 because of the immediate or short-term maturity of these financial instruments.

Investment securities at March 31, 2018 and June 30, 2017 consist of certificates of deposit and government and municipal bonds which are classified as available-for-sale securities and have been determined to be level 1 assets. The cost, gross unrealized gains, gross unrealized losses and fair value of available-for-sale securities by major security type at March 31, 2018 and June 30, 2017 are as follows:

     Gross  Gross    
  Amortized  Unrealized  Unrealized  Fair 
  Cost  Gains  Losses  Value 
March 31, 2018            
Certificates of deposit $10,439,000  $  $  $10,439,000 
Municipal bonds  968,749   603   (5,958)  963,394 
Total investment securities $11,407,749  $603  $(5,958) $11,402,394 
June 30, 2017                
Certificates of deposit $8,557,000  $  $  $8,557,000 
Municipal bonds  871,872   258   (2,162)  869,968 
Total investment securities $9,428,872  $258  $(2,162) $9,426,968 

 

The portfolio is diversified and highly liquid and primarily consists of investment grade fixed income instruments. At March 31, 2018, the Company did not have any investments in individual securities that have been in a continuous loss position considered to be other than temporary.

 

As of March 31, 2018 and June 30, 2017, the remaining contractual maturities of available-for-sale securities were as follows:

  Years to Maturity    
  Less than  One to    
  One Year  Five Years  Total 
March 31, 2018            
Available-for-sale $10,528,099  $874,295  $11,402,394 
             
June 30, 2017            
Available-for-sale $8,829,542  $597,426  $9,426,968 

 

Note 3. Net Income per Share

Basic net income per share excludes dilution and is computed by dividing net income available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted net income per share reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised or converted into common stock or resulted in the issuance of common stock that then shared in the income of the Company. The computation of weighted-average common shares outstanding, assuming dilution, excluded options to purchase 103,600 and 152,150 shares of our common stock for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, as the effect of including them would be anti-dilutive. As Unearned ESOP shares are released or committed-to-be-released the shares become outstanding for earnings-per-share computations.

Note 4. Stock Based Compensation

The Company follows ASC 718 in establishing standards for the accounting for transactions in which an entity exchanges its equity instruments for goods or services, as well as transactions in which an entity incurs liabilities in exchange for goods or services that are based on the fair value of the entity’s equity instruments or that may be settled by the issuance of those equity instruments. ASC 718 requires that the cost resulting from all share-based payment transactions be recognized in the financial statements based on the fair value of the share-based payment. ASC 718 establishes fair value as the measurement objective in accounting for share-based payment transactions with employees, except for equity instruments held by employee share ownership plans.

Total stock-based compensation expense recognized in the statements of comprehensive income for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 was $36,205 and $40,245, respectively, before income taxes. The related total deferred tax benefits were approximately $2,034 and $3,769 for the same periods. Total stock-based compensation expense recognized in the statements of comprehensive income for the nine-month periods ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, was $86,675 and $93,293, respectively, before income taxes. The related total deferred tax benefit was approximately $4,805 and $7,893 for the same periods.

As of March 31, 2018, there was approximately $153,718 of unrecognized compensation cost related to stock option awards that is expected to be recognized as expense over the next 2.00 years. The total deferred tax benefit related to these awards is expected to be approximately $8,738.

The Company has one employee stock option plan under which options or stock awards may be granted, the 2017 Stock Options and Restricted Stock Plan (the "2017 Plan"), approved by the Company's shareholders at the Company's Annual Meeting on December 1, 2017. The Board of Directors may grant options to acquire shares of common stock to employees and non-employee directors of the Company at the fair market value of the common stock on the date of grant. The maximum aggregate number of shares of Common Stock subject to options or awards to non-employee directors is 133,000 and the maximum aggregate number of shares of Common Stock subject to options or awards granted to non-employee directors during any single fiscal year is the lesser of 13,300 and 33 1/3% of the total number of shares subject to options or awards granted in such fiscal year. The maximum number of shares subject to options or awards granted to any individual employee may not exceed 15,000 in a fiscal year. Generally, options granted have a two-year vesting period based on two years of continuous service and have a ten-year contractual life. Option grants provide for accelerated vesting if there is a change in control. Shares issued upon the exercise of options are from those held in Treasury. Options covering 400,000 shares are authorized for issuance under the 2017 plan, of which 51,715 have been granted as of March 31, 2018. While no further grants of options may be made under the Company’s 2007 Stock Option and Restricted Stock Plan, as of March 31, 2018, 185,400 options were outstanding under such plan of which 145,950 are vested and exercisable.

ASC 718 requires the use of a valuation model to calculate the fair value of stock-based awards. The Company has elected to use the Black-Scholes option valuation model, which incorporates various assumptions including those for dividend yield, volatility, expected life and interest rates.

 

The table below outlines the weighted average assumptions that the Company used to calculate the fair value of each option award for the nine months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

  March 31, 2018  March 31, 2017 
       
Dividend yield  4.60%   3.85% 
Company’s expected volatility  23.97%   29.70% 
Risk-free interest rate  1.95%   1.84% 
Expected term  4.7 yrs   4.6 yrs 
Weighted average fair value per share        
    of options granted during the period $2.790  $4.640 

 

The Company declares dividends quarterly and paid cash dividends totaling $0.75 per share for the nine months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017. Our Board of Directors assesses the Company’s dividend policy periodically. There is no assurance that the Board of Directors will maintain the amount of the regular cash dividend. Expected stock price volatility is based on the historical volatility of the Company’s stock. The risk-free interest rate is based on the implied yield available on U.S. Treasury issues with an equivalent term approximating the expected life of the options. The expected option life (in years) represents the estimated period of time until exercise and is based on actual historical experience.

 

The following table summarizes stock option activity during the nine months ended March 31, 2018:

 

  Employee Stock Options Plan
      Weighted  
  Number of Weighted Average  
  Shares Average Remaining Aggregate
  Subject Exercise Contractual Intrinsic
  To Options Price Term Value
Balance at July 1, 2017  197,800  $24.57   5.86     
Granted  51,715  $21.76   9.54     
Exercised  (9,400) $21.45        
Forfeited or expired  (4,885) $24.44        
Outstanding at March 31, 2018  235,230  $24.08   6.22  $528,162 
Vested or expected to vest at March 31, 2018  221,814  $24.10   6.04  $494,369 
Exercisable at March 31, 2018  145,950  $24.31   4.42  $303,756 

 

The aggregate intrinsic value in the table above represents the total pretax intrinsic value (the difference between the closing sale price of the Company’s common stock as reported on the NYSE MKT on March 31, 2018 and the exercise price, multiplied by the number of in-the-money options) that would have been received by the option holders if all option holders had exercised their options on March 31, 2018. This amount changes based on the fair market value of the Company’s common stock. The total intrinsic values of the options exercised during the nine months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 were $23,437 and $20,769, respectively.

The following table summarizes changes in non-vested stock options during the nine months ended March 31, 2018:

 

  Number Weighted Average
  of Shares Grant Date Fair
  Subject to Option Value (per Option)
Non-vested at July 1, 2017  42,900  $4.586 
Granted  51,715  $2.793 
Vested  (1,500) $4.149 
Forfeited or expired  (3,835) $3.731 
Non-vested at March 31, 2018  89,280  $3.591 

 

Note 5. Commitments and Contingencies

The Company at certain times enters into standby letters of credit agreements with financial institutions primarily relating to the guarantee of future performance on certain contracts. Contingent liabilities on outstanding standby letters of credit agreements aggregated to zero at March 31, 2018 and June 30, 2017. The Company, as a U.S. Government contractor, is subject to audits, reviews, and investigations by the U.S. Government related to its negotiation and performance of government contracts and its accounting for such contracts. Failure to comply with applicable U.S. Government standards by a contractor may result in suspension from eligibility for award of any new government contract and a guilty plea or conviction may result in debarment from eligibility for awards. The government may, in certain cases, also terminate existing contracts, recover damages, and impose other sanctions and penalties.

Note 6. Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which supersedes nearly all existing revenue recognition guidance under U.S. GAAP.  The core principle of ASU No. 2014-09 is to recognize revenues when promised goods or services are transferred to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which an entity expects to be entitled for those goods or services.  ASU No. 2014-09 defines a five step process to achieve this core principle and, in doing so, more judgment and estimates may be required within the revenue recognition process than are required under existing U.S. GAAP.

 

In subsequent periods, the FASB issued additional ASUs intended to clarify specific aspects related to the interpretation and implementation of ASU No. 2014-09. In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-08, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers – Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net)” to provide guidance on principal versus agent considerations by an entity as discussed in ASU No. 2014-09. ASU No. 2016-08 provides criteria to be assessed by an entity when determining whether it is the principal or agent in relation to the goods or services which the company is contractually obligated to provide to the customer. Among these considerations are: identifying the unit of account at which the entity should assess whether it is a principal or an agent; identifying the nature of the good or service provided to the customer; applying the control principle to certain types of transactions; and, interaction of the control principle with the indicators provided to assist in the principle versus agent evaluation. In April 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-10, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers – (Topic 606): Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing” to provide implementation guidance related to the necessary judgements required in identifying performance obligations of a contract and guidance related to recognition of licensing revenues. In May 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-12, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers – (Topic 606): Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients” to provide guidance related to the implementation of ASU No. 2014-09 in the following areas; assessing collectability for contracts that do not meet Step 1 of revenue recognition, presentation of sales taxes, noncash consideration, contract modifications at transition, and completed contracts at transition.

 

These standards are effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods therein, using either of the following transition methods: (i) a full retrospective approach reflecting the application of the standard in each prior reporting period with the option to elect certain practical expedients, or (ii) a retrospective approach with the cumulative effect of initially adopting ASU No. 2014-09 recognized at the date of adoption (which includes additional footnote disclosures).  Early adoption is permitted for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016 and interim periods therein. We are continuing to evaluate the impact of our pending adoption of ASU No. 2014-09, which we do not expect to have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements upon adoption. The company expects to use the modified retrospective method when adopting the standard beginning July 1, 2018.

 

In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-17, “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes”. The guidance requires the classification of deferred tax assets and liabilities as non-current in a classified balance sheet. The current requirement that deferred tax assets and liabilities of a tax-paying component of an entity be offset and presented as a single amount is not affected by this update. We adopted ASU 2015-17 during the first quarter of fiscal year 2018 on a prospective basis. Prior periods were not retrospectively adjusted. Accordingly, for the nine-month period ended March 31, 2018 we decreased current deferred tax assets by $268,371 and decreased noncurrent deferred tax liabilities by $189,882; the net reclassification of which increased noncurrent deferred tax assets by $78,849. Adoption of ASU No. 2015-17 for the prior period presented would have the following impact on the Company’s financial statements for June 30, 2017; a decrease in current assets of $317,559, a decrease in non-current liabilities of $220,571 and an increase in non-current assets of $96,988.

 

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-09, “Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting”. The areas for simplification in this update involve several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment transactions, including the income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and classification on the statement of cash flows. We adopted ASU 2016-09 during the first quarter of fiscal year 2018 on a prospective basis. We have elected to follow an accounting policy to estimate the number of awards that are expected to vest (consistent with ASU and prior GAAP). Adoption of ASU No. 2016-09 did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.

 

In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-02, “Income Statement—Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income”. Under current accounting guidance, the income tax effects for changes in income tax rates and certain other transactions are recognized in income from continuing operations resulting in income tax effects recognized in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income that do not reflect the current tax rate of the entity (“stranded tax effects”). The new guidance allows the Company the option to reclassify these stranded tax effects to retained earnings that relate to the change in the federal tax rate resulting from the passage of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”). This update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods therein, and early adoption is permitted. The Company is evaluating the impact that ASU No. 2018-02 will have on the Company's financial statements.

 

Note 7. Employee Stock Ownership Plan

The Company sponsors a leveraged employee stock ownership plan (the "ESOP") that covers all non-union employees who work 1,000 or more hours per year and are employed on June 30. The Company makes annual contributions to the ESOP equal to the ESOP's debt service less dividends on unallocated shares received by the ESOP. All dividends on unallocated shares received by the ESOP are used to pay debt service. Dividends on allocated ESOP shares are recorded as a reduction of retained earnings. As the debt is repaid, shares are released and allocated to active employees, based on the proportion of debt service paid in the year. The Company accounts for its ESOP in accordance with FASB ASC 718-40. Accordingly, the shares purchased by the ESOP are reported as Unearned ESOP shares in the statement of financial position. As shares are released or committed-to-be-released, the Company reports compensation expense equal to the current average market price of the shares, and the shares become outstanding for earnings-per-share (EPS) computations. ESOP compensation expense was $100,464 and $103,959 for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. ESOP compensation expense was $279,502 and $320,835 for the nine-month periods ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

The ESOP shares as of March 31, 2018 and 2017 were as follows:

 

  March 31, 2018  March 31, 2017 
     Allocated shares  443,198   439,432 
     Committed-to-be-released shares  11,875   12,500 
     Unreleased shares  33,125   49,167 
         
     Total shares held by the ESOP  488,198   501,099 
         
     Fair value of unreleased shares $867,875  $1,130,841 

 

During the three and nine months ended March 31, 2018 the Company repurchased 0 and 4,798 shares previously held in the ESOP for $0 and $109,694. During the three and nine months ended March 31, 2017 the Company repurchased 0 and 1,663 shares previously held in the ESOP for $0 and $44,335.

The ESOP allows for eligible participants to take whole share distributions from the plan on specific dates in accordance with the provision of the plan. Share distributions from the ESOP during the three and nine months ended March 31, 2018 totaled 0 and 8,103 shares, respectively. During the three and nine month period ended March 31, 2017 the ESOP did not distribute any shares from the plan.

 

Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Overview

Espey Mfg. & Electronics Corp. (“Espey”) is a power electronics design and original equipment manufacturing with a long history of developing and delivering highly reliable products for use in military and severe environment applications. Design, manufacturing, and testing is performed in our 150,000+ square foot facility located at 233 Ballston Ave, Saratoga Springs, New York. Espey is classified as a “smaller reporting company” for purposes of the reporting requirements under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Espey’s common stock is publicly-traded on the NYSE MKT under the symbol “ESP.”

Espey began operations after incorporation in New York in 1928. We strive to remain competitive as a leader in high power energy conversion and transformer solutions through the design and manufacture of new and improved products by using advanced and “cutting edge” electronics technologies.

Espey is ISO 9001:2015 and AS9100:2016 certified. Our primary products are power supplies, power converters, filters, power transformers, magnetic components, power distribution equipment, UPS systems, antennas and high power radar systems. The applications of these products include AC and DC locomotives, shipboard power, shipboard radar, airborne power, ground-based radar, and ground mobile power.

Espey services include design and development to specification, build to print, design services, design studies, environmental testing services, metal fabrication, painting services, and development of automatic testing equipment. Espey is vertically integrated, meaning that the Company produces individual components (including inductors), populates printed circuit boards, fabricates metalwork, paints, wires, qualifies, and fully tests items, mechanically, electrically and environmentally, in house. Portions of the manufacturing and testing process are subcontracted to vendors from time to time.

The Company markets its products primarily through its own direct sales organization and through outside sales representatives. Business is solicited from large industrial manufacturers and defense companies, the government of the United States, foreign governments and major foreign electronic equipment companies. In certain countries the Company has external sales representatives to help solicit and coordinate foreign contracts. Espey is also on the eligible list of contractors with the United States Department of Defense and generally is automatically solicited by Defense Department procurement agencies for their needs falling within the major classes of products produced by the Company. In addition, the Company directly pursues opportunities from the United States Department of Defense for prime contracts. Espey contracts with the Federal Government under cage code 20950 as Espey Mfg. & Electronics Corp.

There is competition in all classes of products manufactured by the Company from divisions of the largest electronic companies, as well as many small companies. The Company's sales do not represent a significant share of the industry's market for any class of its products. The principal methods of competition for electronic products of both a military and industrial nature include, among other factors, price, product performance, the experience of the particular company and history of its dealings in such products.

Our business is not seasonal. However, the concentration of our business in the rail industry, and in equipment for military applications and industrial applications and our customer concentrations expose us to on-going associated risks. These risks include, without limitation, requirements for power supplies in the rail industry, dependence on appropriations from the United States Government and the governments of foreign nations, program allocations, the potential of governmental termination of orders for convenience, and the general strength of the industry sectors in which our customers transact business.

Uncertainty in federal defense spending and future procurement needs supporting the rail industry continues to drive competition. Many of our competitors continue to invest aggressively in upfront product design costs and lower profit margins as a strategic means of maintaining existing business and enhancing market share at the expense of lower profits. This has put pressure on the pricing of our current products and has lowered margins on new business. For the past several years, in order to compete effectively for new business, in some cases we have invested in upfront design costs, thereby reducing initial profitability as a means of procuring new long-term programs. Accordingly, we adjust our pricing strategy in order to achieve a balance which enables us both to retain repeat programs while being more competitive in bidding on new programs.

In order to maintain a balanced business, we are continuing to place an emphasis on securing “build to print” opportunities, which will allow production work to go directly to the manufacturing floor, limiting the impact on our engineering staff. This effort will keep our manufacturing team busy while the products being developed transition to production.

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The total backlog at March 31, 2018 was approximately $47.0 million which includes $21.0 million from three significant customers compared to $38.7 million at March 31, 2017 which included $20.4 million from two significant customers. The Company’s total backlog represents the estimated remaining sales value of work to be performed under firm contracts. The funded portion of this backlog at March 31, 2018 is approximately $42.5 million. This includes items that have been authorized and appropriated by Congress and/or funded by the customer. The unfunded backlog at March 31, 2018 is approximately $4.5 million and represents a firm multi-year order for which funding has not yet been appropriated by Congress or funded by our customer. While there is no guarantee that future budgets and appropriations will provide funding for a given program, management has included in unfunded backlog only those programs that it believes are likely to receive funding based on discussions with customers and program status. The backlog was fully funded at March 31, 2017.

Successful conversion of engineering program backlog into sales is largely dependent on the execution and completion of our engineering design efforts. It is not uncommon to experience technical or scheduling delays which arise from time to time as a result of, among other reasons, design complexity, the availability of personnel with the requisite expertise, and the requirements to obtain customer approval at various milestones. Cost overruns which may arise from technical and schedule delays could negatively impact the timing of the conversion of backlog into sales, or the profitability of such sales. We are currently experiencing some technical and schedule delays with our major development programs which are being resolved as they arise. Engineering programs in both the funded and unfunded portions of the current backlog aggregate $8.8 million.

Management expects revenues in fiscal year 2018 to be higher than revenues during fiscal year 2017. This expectation is driven primarily by orders already in the backlog and due to the commencement of shipments on a significant military contract from the Federal Government for a power supply we designed in-house and was qualified by the applicable government agency in the later part of fiscal year 2017.

New orders received in the nine months of fiscal year 2018 were approximately $28.6 million as compared to $16.8 million of new orders received in the first nine months of fiscal year 2017. It is presently anticipated that a minimum of $7.0 million of orders comprising the March 31, 2018 backlog will be filled during the fiscal year ending June 30, 2018. The minimum of $7.0 million does not include any shipments, which may be made against orders subsequently received during the fiscal year ending June 30, 2018. The estimate of the March 31, 2018 backlog to be shipped in fiscal year 2018 is subject to future events, which may cause the amount of the backlog actually shipped to differ from such estimate.

 

In addition to the backlog, the Company currently has outstanding opportunities representing in excess of $68.4 million in the aggregate as of May 1, 2018 for both repeat and new programs.The outstanding quotations encompass various new and previously manufactured power supplies, transformers, and subassemblies. However, there can be no assurance that the Company will acquire any of the anticipated orders described above, many of which are subject to allocations of the United States defense spending and factors affecting the defense industry.

Net sales to two significant customers represented 50.6% of the Company’s total sales for the three-month period ended March 31, 2018 and net sales to two significant customers represented 40.7% of the Company's total sales for the three-month period ended March 31, 2017. Net sales to two significant customers represented 58.6% and 43.2% of the Company’s total sales for the nine-month periods ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. This high concentration level with these customers presents significant risk. A loss of one of these customers or programs related to these customers could significantly impact the Company. Historically, a small number of customers have accounted for a large percentage of the Company’s total sales in any given fiscal year. Management continues to pursue opportunities with current and new customers with an overall objective of lowering the concentration of sales and mitigating excessive reliance upon a single major product of a particular program or minimizing the impact of the loss of a single significant customer.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Management believes our most critical accounting policies include revenue recognition and cost estimation on our contracts.

A significant portion of our business is comprised of development and production contracts. Generally revenues on long-term fixed-price contracts are recorded on a percentage of completion basis using units of delivery as the measurement basis for progress toward completion.

Percentage of completion accounting requires judgment relative to expected sales, estimating costs and making assumptions related to technical issues and delivery schedules. Contract costs include material, subcontract costs, labor and an allocation of overhead costs. The estimation of cost at completion of a contract is subject to numerous variables involving contract costs and estimates as to the length of time to complete the contract. Given the significance of the estimation processes and judgments described above, it is possible that materially different amounts of expected sales and contract costs could be recorded if different assumptions were used, based on changes in circumstances, in the estimation process. When a change in expected sales value or estimated cost is determined, changes are reflected in current period earnings.

Results of Operations

Net sales increased for the three months ended March 31, 2018 to $5,663,161 as compared to $5,324,104 for the same period in 2017. Net sales for the nine months ended March 31, 2018 increased to $24,690,689 as compared to $17,060,411 for the same period in 2017. For the three and nine months ended March 31, 2018, the increase in net

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sales is primarily due to an increase in power supply sales resulting from the commencement of shipments on a new significant military contract in the current fiscal year offset, in part, by a decrease in magnetic shipments due to timing and completion of specific contracts.

For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, gross profits were $1,255,204 and $1,128,505, respectively. Gross profit as a percentage of sales was 22.2% and 21.2%, for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. For the nine months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, gross profits were $5,791,956 and $3,552,397, respectively. Gross profit as a percentage of sales was 23.5% and 20.8%, for the nine months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The primary factors in determining the change in gross profit and net income are overall sales levels and product mix. The gross profits on mature products and build to print contracts are typically higher as compared to products which are still in the engineering development stage or in early stages of production. In the case of the latter, the Company can incur what it refers to as “loss contracts,” meaning engineering design contracts in which the Company invests with the objective of developing future product sales. In any given accounting period the mix of product shipments between higher margin programs and less mature programs, and expenditures associated with loss contracts, has a significant impact on gross profit and net income. The gross profit percentage increased in the three months ended March 31, 2018 as compared to the same period in 2017 primarily due to product mix, offset in part, by an increase in expenditures incurred related to engineering design investments. The gross profit percentage increased in the nine months ended March 31, 2018 as compared to the same period in 2017 primarily due to an increase in sales while expenditures incurred related to engineering design investments remained comparable to those incurred in the same period in 2017.

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses were $895,129 for the three months ended March 31, 2018; an increase of $110,540, compared to the three months ended March 31, 2017. Selling, general and administrative expenses were $2,756,319 for the nine months ended March 31, 2018; an increase of $448,683 compared to the nine months ended March 31, 2017. The increase for the three months ended March 31, 2018 as compared to the same period in 2017 relates primarily to the increase in employee compensation costs and professional services. The increase for the nine months ended March 31, 2018 as compared to the same period in 2017 relates primarily to the increase in employee compensation costs, professional services, outside selling expenses incurred for outside sales representatives, and freight due to an increase in shipments.  

Other income for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, was $56,112 and $47,399, respectively. Other income for the nine months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, was $140,797 and $85,076, respectively. The increase for the three and nine months is primarily due an increase in interest income resulting from the increase in investment securities. Interest income is a function of the level of investments and investment strategies which generally tend to be conservative.  

The Company’s effective tax rates for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2018, were 23.6% and 25.2%, respectively, compared to 28.7% and 29.0% for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2017. The effective tax rate is less than the statutory tax rate mainly due to the benefit the Company receives on its “qualified production activities” under The American Jobs Creation Act of 2004 and the benefit derived from the ESOP dividends paid on allocated shares. The Company’s effective tax rate for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2018 uses a blended statutory tax rate which factors the reduction in the corporate statutory tax rate authorized under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”) effective on January 1, 2018. The Company remeasured certain U.S. deferred tax assets and liabilities based on the rates at which they are expected to reverse in the future, which is generally 21%, and provisionally recorded a net income tax expense of $35,200 related to the remeasurement in the second quarter of fiscal year 2018.

Net income for the three months ended March 31, 2018, was $317,764 or $0.14 per share both basic and diluted, respectively compared to $279,173 or $0.12 per share both basic and diluted, for the three months ended March 31, 2017. Net income for the nine months ended March 31, 2018, was $2,375,399 or $1.02 per share both basic and diluted compared to $944,076 or $0.41 per share both basic and diluted for the nine months ended March 31, 2017. The increase in net income per share for the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to the same period in 2017 was mainly due to an increase in gross profit resulting from higher sales and a higher gross profit percentage resulting from product mix offset, in part, by an increase in engineering design investments. In addition, the company received a benefit in the current period from the reduction in the Company’s effective tax rate discussed above. The increase was offset, in part, by an increase in selling, general, and administrative expenses primarily related to employee compensation costs related to an increase in headcount.

Net income per share increased for the nine months ended March 31, 2018 compared to the same period in 2017 was mainly due to high gross profit resulting from higher sales and higher gross profit percentage resulting from product mix with expenditures related to engineering design investments made by the company remaining

12 

comparable between periods. In addition, the company received a benefit in the current period from the reduction in the Company’s effective tax rate discussed above. The increase was offset, in part, by an increase in selling, general, and administrative expenses primarily related to employee compensation costs related to an increase in headcount.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

The Company's working capital is an appropriate indicator of the liquidity of its business, and during the past two fiscal years, the Company, when possible, has funded all of its operations with cash flows resulting from operating activities and when necessary from its existing cash and investments. The Company did not borrow any funds during the last two fiscal years. Management has available a $3,000,000 line of credit to help fund further growth or working capital and letter of credit needs, if necessary, but does not anticipate the need for any borrowed funds in the foreseeable future. Contingent liabilities on outstanding standby letters of credit agreements aggregated to zero at March 31, 2018 and 2017.

The Company's working capital as of March 31, 2018 and 2017 was approximately $30.0 million and $29.7 million, respectively. During the three and nine-months ended March 31, 2018 the Company repurchased 0 and 4,798 shares of its common stock from the Company’s Employee Retirement Plan and Trust (“ESOP”) for a purchase price of $0 and $109,694, respectively. During the three and nine months ended March 31, 2017 the Company repurchased 0 and 1,663 shares of its common stock from the ESOP for a purchase price of $0 and $44,335, respectively. Under existing authorizations from the Company's Board of Directors, as of March 31, 2018, management is authorized to purchase an additional $876,297 of Company stock.

The table below presents the summary of cash flow information for the fiscal years indicated:

 

  Nine Months Ended March 31, 
  2018  2017 
Net cash provided by operating activities $1,112,409  $4,933,145 
Net cash used in investing activities  (2,611,650)  (3,964,362)
Net cash used in financing activities  (1,652,170)  (1,614,379)

 

Net cash provided by operating activities fluctuates between periods primarily as a result of differences in sales and net income, provisions for income taxes, the timing of the collection of accounts receivable, purchase of inventory, and payment of accounts payable. The decrease in cash provided by operating activities in the first nine months of fiscal year 2018 compared to the prior period relates primarily to an increase in accounts receivable and inventories and a reduction in accounts payable offset, in part, by an increase in net income resulting from higher sales in the current period. Net cash used in investing activities was less in the first nine months of fiscal year 2018 as compared to the prior period due to the purchase of a single significant security in the prior period. Cash used in financing activities consists primarily of dividend payments on common stock and the company’s purchase and issuance of treasury stock. The increase in cash used in financing activities is due to an increase in dividends paid resulting from the increase in outstanding shares when compared to the same period in 2017. In addition, more shares were purchased from the Company’s ESOP in the first nine months of fiscal year 2018 as compared to the same period in 2017. This was offset, in part, from an increase in proceeds received from the exercise of stock options during the first nine months ended March 31, 2018 when compared with the same period in 2017.

 

The Company currently believes that the cash flow generated from operations and when necessary, from cash and cash equivalents will be sufficient to meet its long-term funding requirements for the foreseeable future.

During the nine months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company expended $632,023 and $331,686, respectively, for plant improvements and new equipment. The Company has budgeted approximately $2.5 million for new equipment and plant improvements in fiscal year 2018. As of March 31, 2018, purchase commitments for plant improvements and new equipment totaled $533,100. Management anticipates that the funds required will be available from current operations.

Management also believes that the Company's reserve for bad debts of $3,000 is adequate given the customers with whom the Company does business. Historically, bad debt expense has been minimal.

 

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CAUTIONARY STATEMENT FOR PURPOSES OF THE "SAFE HARBOR" PROVISIONS OF THE PRIVATE

SECURITIES LITIGATION REFORM ACT OF 1995

 

This report contains "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. The terms "believe," "anticipate," "intend," "goal," "expect," and similar expressions may identify forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements represent the Company's current expectations or beliefs concerning future events. The matters covered by these statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements, including the Company's dependence on timely development, introduction and customer acceptance of new products, the impact of competition and price erosion, supply and manufacturing constraints, potential new orders from customers and other risks and uncertainties. The foregoing list should not be construed as exhaustive, and the Company disclaims any obligation subsequently to revise any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of such statements or to reflect the occurrence of anticipated or unanticipated events. The Company wishes to caution readers not to place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date made.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

The Company is a smaller reporting company as defined under Securities and Exchange Commission Rule 12b-2. Pursuant to the exemption available to smaller reporting company issuers under Item 305 of Regulation S-K, quantitative and qualitative disclosures about market risk, the Company is not required to provide the information for this item.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

 

(a) The Company's management, with the participation of the Company's chief executive officer and chief financial officer, carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Based on such evaluation, our chief executive officer and chief financial officer have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this report.

 

(b) There have been no changes in our internal controls over financial reporting during the period covered by this report that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal controls over financial reporting.

 

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PART II: Other Information and Signatures

 

Item 1.Legal Proceedings

None

Item 2.Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
(a)Securities Sold - None
(c)Securities Repurchased
Purchases of Equity Securities
    Total NumberMaximum Number
    of Shares(or Approximate
    PurchasedDollar Value)
    as Part ofof Shares
  TotalAveragePubliclythat May Yet
  NumberPriceAnnouncedBe Purchased
  of SharesPaidPlan orUnder the Plan
 PeriodPurchasedper ShareProgramor Program (1)
     $876,297

 

(1)Pursuant to a prior Board of Directors authorization, as of March 31, 2018 the Company can repurchase up to $876,297 of its common stock pursuant to an ongoing plan.

 

Item 3.Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None

Item 4.Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable

Item 5.Other Information

None

Item 6.Exhibits
31.1Certification of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

31.2Certification of the Principal Financial Officer and Executive Vice President pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

32.1Certification of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

32.2Certification of the Principal Financial Officer and Executive Vice President pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

15 

 

S I G N A T U R E S

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

 ESPEY MFG. & ELECTRONICS CORP.
  
  
 /s/ Patrick Enright Jr.
 Patrick Enright Jr.
 President and Chief Executive Officer
  
 /s/David O’Neil
 David O’Neil
 Principal Financial Officer and Executive Vice President

 

 

Date: May 14, 2018

 

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