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TLGTQ Teligent

Filed: 9 Aug 18, 4:51pm


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
 
 þQUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2018
 ¨TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from ______________________ to_______________________
 
Commission File Number 001-08568
 
Teligent, Inc.
(Formerly IGI Laboratories, Inc.)
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware01-0355758
(State or other Jurisdiction of(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
incorporation or organization) 
  
105 Lincoln Avenue 
Buena, New Jersey08310
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)(Zip Code)
 
(856) 697-1441
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes þ     No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes þ     No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
 Large accelerated filer¨Accelerated filerþ
 Non-accelerated filer¨Smaller reporting company¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter). ☐


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If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨     No þ

The number of shares outstanding of the issuer's common stock is 53,537,888 shares as of August 6, 2018.







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OTHER INFORMATION
 
When used in this report, the terms, “we,” the “Company,” “our,” and “us” refer to Teligent, Inc., a Delaware corporation (formerly IGI Laboratories, Inc.), and its consolidated subsidiaries.

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PART I
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.    Financial Statements
 
TELIGENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except share and per share information)
  June 30, 2018 (Unaudited) December 31, 2017*
(Audited)
ASSETS  
  
Current assets:  
  
Cash and cash equivalents $13,675
 $26,692
Accounts receivable, net 16,232
 18,143
Inventories, net 17,575
 16,075
Prepaid expenses and other receivables 2,206
 3,622
Total current assets 49,688
 64,532
     
Property, plant and equipment, net 83,027
 68,355
Intangible assets, net 52,930
 56,017
Goodwill 445
 471
Other assets 577
 611
Total assets $186,667
 $189,986
     
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY  
  
Current liabilities:  
  
Accounts payable $8,654
 $10,595
Accrued expenses 9,269
 13,502
Total current liabilities 17,923
 24,097
     
2021 Term Loan, net of debt discount and debt issuance costs (face of $15,000 as of June 30, 2018) 14,198
 
Convertible 3.75% Senior Notes, net of debt discount and debt issuance costs (face of $68,660 and $143,750 as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively) 60,312
 120,977
Convertible 4.75% Senior Notes, net of debt discount and debt issuance costs (face of $75,090 as of June 30, 2018)
 54,963
 
Deferred tax liability 148
 159
Total liabilities 147,544
 145,233
     
Commitments and Contingencies 

 

     
Stockholders’ equity:  
  
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized; 53,512,888 and 53,400,281 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively 554
 554
Additional paid-in capital 126,532
 106,312
Accumulated deficit (85,612) (60,094)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (2,351) (2,019)
Total stockholders’ equity 39,123
 44,753
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $186,667
 $189,986
 *Derived from the audited December 31, 2017 financial statement
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

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TELIGENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except shares and per share information)
(Unaudited)
 
  Three months ended June 30, Six months ended June 30,
  2018 2017 2018 2017
   
  
    
Revenue, net $16,751
 $18,408
 $31,296
 $38,299
         
Costs and expenses:  
  
  
  
Cost of revenues 11,728
 10,371
 21,053
 19,328
Selling, general and administrative expenses 5,961
 4,706
 11,321
 9,005
Product development and research expenses 3,967
 5,113
 7,358
 8,781
Total costs and expenses 21,656
 20,190
 39,732
 37,114
Operating (loss) income (4,905) (1,782) (8,436) 1,185
         
Other income (expense):  
  
  
  
Foreign currency exchange (loss) gain (3,220) 3,822
 (1,895) 4,901
Debt partial extinguishment of Convertible 3.75% Senior Notes (10,069) 
 (10,069) 
Interest and other expense, net (2,499) (2,936) (5,071) (6,068)
(Loss) income before income tax expense (20,693) (896) (25,471) 18
         
Income tax expense 23
 23
 47
 106
         
Net loss attributable to common shareholders $(20,716) $(919) $(25,518) $(88)
         
Basic and diluted loss per share $(0.39) $(0.02) $(0.48) $
         
Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding:  
  
  
  
Basic and diluted shares 53,510,712
 53,304,407
 53,484,756
 53,250,109

 The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

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TELIGENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(in thousands)
(Unaudited) 
 
  Three months ended June 30, Six months ended June 30
  2018 2017 2018 2017
Net loss $(20,716) $(919) $(25,518) $(88)
         
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax;    
  
  
Foreign currency translation adjustment (28) (163) (332) (245)
Other comprehensive loss (28) (163) (332) (245)
         
Comprehensive loss $(20,744) $(1,082) $(25,850) $(333)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

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TELIGENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
For the six months ended June 30, 2018
(in thousands, except share information)
(Unaudited)
 
      Additional Accumulated
Other
   Total
  Common Stock Paid-In Comprehensive Accumulated Stockholders’
  Shares Amount Capital Loss Deficit Equity
Balance, December 31, 2017 53,400,281
 $554
 $106,312
 $(2,019) $(60,094) $44,753
             
Stock based compensation expense 
 
 1,165
 
 
 1,165
Stock options exercised 
 
 12
 
 
 12
Issuance of stock for vested restricted stock units 112,607
 
 
 
 
 
Fair value of conversion feature on Convertible 4.75% Senior Notes 
 
 19,043
 
 
 19,043
Cumulative translation adjustment 
 
 
 (332) 
 (332)
Net loss 
 
 
 
 (25,518) (25,518)
             
Balance, June 30, 2018 53,512,888
 $554
 $126,532
 $(2,351) $(85,612) $39,123

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

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TELIGENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)
  Six months ended June 30,
  2018 2017
Cash flows from operating activities:  
  
Net loss $(25,518) $(88)
Reconciliation of net loss to net cash used in operating activities  
  
Depreciation and amortization of fixed assets 1,133
 822
Provision for bad debt expense 811
 26
Provision for write down of inventory 1,154
 918
Stock based compensation 1,113
 1,739
Amortization of debt issuance costs 502
 456
Amortization of intangibles 1,550
 1,396
Foreign currency exchange loss (gain) 1,895
 (4,901)
Partial extinguishment of Convertible 3.75% Senior Notes 10,069
 
Amortization of debt discount 4,425
 4,183
Loss on impairment of intangible assets 22
 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities    
Accounts receivable 1,023
 (5,530)
Inventories (2,816) (2,554)
Prepaid expenses and other current receivables 1,443
 (208)
Other assets 35
 20
Accounts payable and accrued expenses (9,604) 2,414
     
Net cash used in operating activities (12,763) (1,307)
     
Cash flows from investing activities:  
  
Capital expenditures (12,270) (15,286)
     
Net cash used in investing activities (12,270) (15,286)
     
Cash flows from financing activities:  
  
Proceeds from exercise of common stock options 12
 267
Proceeds from 2021 Term Loan 15,000
 
Debt issuance costs on Convertible 4.75% Senior Notes and 2021 Term Loan (2,457) 
     
Net cash provided by financing activities 12,555
 267
     
Effect of exchange rate on cash and cash equivalents (540) 536
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash (12,478) (16,326)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period 27,165
 66,481
     
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period $14,147
 $50,691
     
Supplemental Cash flow information:  
  
Cash payments for interest $2,475
 $2,695
Cash payments for income taxes 48
 93
     
Non cash investing and financing transactions:  
  
  Acquisition of capital expenditures in accounts payable and accrued expenses $3,042
 $4,260
  Capitalized interest in capital expenditures 477
 
  Capitalized stock compensation in capital expenditures 53
 66
 The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.
TELIGENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO (UNAUDITED) CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 8-03 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, as updated by other reports we may file from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2017 has been derived from those audited consolidated financial statements. Operating results for the six month period ended June 30, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2018.
 
1. Nature of the Business and Liquidity

Nature of the Business

Teligent, Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively the “Company”), is a specialty generic pharmaceutical company. Our mission is to become a leader in the specialty generic pharmaceutical market in alternate dosage forms. Under our own label, we currently market and sell generic topical and generic and branded generic injectable pharmaceutical products in the United States and Canada.  In the United States, we currently market 28 generic topical pharmaceutical products and four branded generic injectable pharmaceutical products. In Canada, we sell over 30 generic and branded generic injectable products and medical devices. Generic pharmaceutical products are bioequivalent to their brand name counterparts. We also provide contract manufacturing services to the pharmaceutical, over-the-counter ("OTC"), and cosmetic markets. We operate our business under one segment. Our common stock is traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the trading symbol “TLGT.”  Our principal executive office, laboratories and manufacturing facilities are located at 105 Lincoln Avenue, Buena, New Jersey. We have additional offices located in Iselin, New Jersey, Toronto, Canada, and Tallinn, Estonia.

Liquidity

For the six months ended June 30, 2018, we incurred a net loss of $25.5 million and cash outflows of $12.5 million. Additionally, we have an accumulated deficit of $85.6 million. The reduction in cash was largely due to the additional year-to-date investment of $12.3 million in the Company's new manufacturing facility, along with the timing of accounts receivable collections and expense payments related primarily to the launch of five new products in the U.S. market.

Our liquidity needs have typically arisen from the funding of our manufacturing facility, research and development programs and the launch of new products. In the past, we have met these cash requirements through cash inflows from operations, working capital management, and proceeds from our Convertible 3.75% Senior Notes ("2019 Notes"). The 2019 Notes were issued in December 2014 and are due in December 2019. On April 27, 2018, the Company entered into separate exchange agreements with certain holders of the 2019 Notes. The agreements gave the holder the right to exchange in aggregate $75.1 million of the 2019 Notes for $75.1 million of new Convertible 4.75% Senior Notes due 2023 (“2023 Notes”). Additional information is provided in Note 6.

In order to continue normal business operations and execution of the Company’s growth strategy, the Company has and will continue to exercise its ability to significantly defer or reduce planned discretionary investments in research and development and capital projects or seek other financing alternatives. Other financing alternatives may include raising additional capital through the sale of its equity, a strategic alliance with a third party or securing debt. If additional acquisition and growth opportunities arise, external financing will be required.

On May 4, 2018, the Company filed Form S-3 under the Securities Act of 1933. The S-3 registration allows the Company to issue, from time to time and at prices to be determined at or prior to the offering, up to $50.0 million of any combination of the securities described in the prospectus, either individually or in units should the need to raise cash arise.

On June 1, 2018, the Company secured a term loan ("2021 Term Loan") for $25.0 million to support the operations of the business. The first $15.0 million of loan proceeds was received on June 1, 2018. The remaining loan proceeds of $10.0 million was received on July 16, 2018. The Company is currently evaluating alternative financing methods. As the Company continues to review its capital and debt structure, there can be no assurance that a strategic alliance or debt financing will be

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available on terms acceptable to the Company, or at all. The board of directors and management of the Company intend to exercise all options available in order to enable the Company to support its current growth strategy and operations beyond August 2019.

Out of Period Adjustments

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company recorded net adjustments of $0.4 million and $0.3 million, respectively, related to prior periods. The net impact of the adjustments, described below, on any prior annual or interim periods financial statements was not significant.
 
 Three months ended Six months ended
 June 30, 2018 June 30, 2018
Wholesale fees (Revenue)$0.9
 $0.9
Medicaid (Revenue)0.3
 
Sales return reserve (Revenue)
 (0.6)
Inventory adjustments (Cost of revenues)
 0.8
Bad debt expense (Selling, general and administrative expenses)(0.8) (0.8)
 $0.4
 $0.3
    


2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant estimates include the historical valuation of the derivative liability, sales returns and allowances, allowances for excess and obsolete inventories, allowances for doubtful accounts, provisions for income taxes and related valuation allowances, stock based compensation, the assessment for the impairment of long-lived assets (including intangibles, goodwill and property, plant and equipment), property, plant and equipment and legal accruals for environmental cleanup and remediation costs. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Cash Equivalents
 
The Company considers all highly liquid instruments purchased with the original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents to the extent the funds are not being held for investment purposes. Cash and cash equivalents include cash on hand and bank demand deposits used in the Company’s cash management program.

The Company has restricted cash, consisting of escrow accounts and letter of credits, which is included within other assets on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. The Company also presents restricted cash with cash and cash equivalents in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows.

The following table provides a reconciliation of cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash reported in the Consolidated Balance Sheet to the total amounts in the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows as follows (in thousands):

 June 30, 2018 December 31, 2017 June 30, 2017 December 31, 2016
Cash and cash equivalents$13,675
 $26,692
 $50,216
 $66,006
Restricted cash in other assets472
 473
 475
 475
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash in the statement of cash flows$14,147
 $27,165
 $50,691
 $66,481

Stock Based Compensation

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ASC 718-10 defines the fair-value-based method of accounting for stock-based employee compensation plans and transactions used by the Company to account for its issuances of equity instruments to record compensation cost for stock-based employee compensation plans at fair value as well as to acquire goods or services from non-employees. Transactions in which the Company issues stock-based compensation to employees, directors and advisors and for goods or services received from non-employees are accounted for based on the fair value of the equity instruments issued. The Company utilizes pricing models in determining the fair values of options, RSU's and warrants issued as stock-based compensation. These pricing models utilize the market price of the Company’s common stock and the exercise price of the option or warrant, as well as time value and volatility factors underlying the positions. Stock-based compensation expense is recognized over the requisite service period of the award, which usually coincides with the vesting period of the grant.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments
 
The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, trade receivables, notes payable, accounts payable and other accrued liabilities at June 30, 2018 approximate their fair value for all periods presented. As of June 30, 2018, the net carrying value of the 2019 Notes and 2023 Notes (discussed in Note 6) was approximately $115.3 million compared to their face value of $143.75 million. This variance is due to the conversion feature in the Notes rather than to changes in market interest rates. The Notes carry a fixed interest rate and therefore do not subject the Company to interest rate risk. As of June 30, 2018, the net carrying value of the 2021 Term Loan (discussed in Note 6) was approximately $14.2 million compared to the face value of $15.0 million. The variance is due to debt discount and debt financing costs. The 2021 Term Loan bears interest at a rate of LIBOR plus 9%, and is therefore subject to market risk.

Loss Per Share
 
Basic loss per share of common stock is computed based on the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted loss per share of common stock is computed using the weighted average number of shares of common stock and potential dilutive common stock equivalents outstanding during the period. Potential dilutive common stock equivalents include shares issuable upon the conversion of the 2019 and 2023 Notes, the exercise of options, and the vesting of restricted stock units ("RSU's"). For the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the potential dilutive common stock equivalents have been excluded from the computation of diluted loss per share, as their effect would have been anti-dilutive.

(in thousands except shares and per share data) 
 Three months ended June 30, Six months ended June 30,
 2018 2017 2018 2017
Basic loss per share computation: 
  
  
  
Net loss - basic and diluted$(20,716) $(919) $(25,518) $(88)
Weighted average common shares - basic and diluted53,510,712
 53,304,407
 53,484,756
 53,250,109
Basic and diluted loss per share$(0.39) $(0.02) $(0.48) $0.00

Revenue Recognition

The Company recognizes revenue when a customer obtains control of promised goods or services, in an amount that reflects the consideration which the entity expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. The Company's revenue is recorded net of accruals for estimated chargebacks, rebates, cash discounts, other allowances, and returns. The Company derives its revenues from three types of transactions: sales of its own pharmaceutical products (Company product sales), sales of manufactured product for its customers (contract manufacturing sales), and research and product development services performed for third parties. Due to differences in the substance of these transaction types, the transactions require, and the Company utilizes, different revenue recognition policies for each. Taxes collected from customers and remitted to government authorities and that are related to the sales of the Company’s products are excluded from revenues. See more detailed information in Note 3.

Adoption of ASC Topic 606, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers”


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In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606).” The standard, including subsequently issued amendments, replaces most existing revenue recognition guidance in U.S. GAAP. The key focus of the new standard is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.

The Company performed a comprehensive review of its existing revenue arrangements as of January 1, 2018 following the aforementioned five-step model. Based on the Company's analysis, there were no changes identified that impacted the amount or timing of revenues recognized under the new guidance as compared to the previous guidance. Additionally, the Company's analysis indicated that there were no changes to how costs to obtain and fulfill our customer contracts would be recognized under the new guidance as compared to the previous guidance. The impact of the adoption of this standard on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet, Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations, and Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows was not material. The adoption of the new guidance impacted the way the Company analyzes, documents, and discloses revenue recognition under customer contracts beginning on January 1, 2018 and resulted in additional disclosures in the Company's financial statements.

The new revenue standard also provides additional clarity on the balance sheet classification of the Company's provisions for estimated sales returns and allowances. This resulted in reclassification of certain amounts previously reflected as accrued expenses to reductions in accounts receivable. See more detailed information in Note 3.

Property, Plant and Equipment

Depreciation and amortization of property, plant and equipment is provided for under the straight-line method over the assets’ estimated useful lives as follows:    
 Useful Lives
Buildings and Improvements10 - 40 years
Machinery and Equipment5 - 15 years
Computer Hardware and Software3 - 5 years
Furniture Fixtures5 years
 
Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of estimated useful life or the lease term. Repair and maintenance costs are charged to operations as incurred while major improvements are capitalized. Construction in progress ("CIP") costs are amortized based on the asset class when they are put into service. When assets are retired or disposed, the related cost and accumulated depreciation thereon are removed and any gains or losses are included in operating results.
 
Concentration of Credit Risk
 
Major customers of the Company are defined as those constituting greater than 10% of our total revenue. For the three months ended June 30, 2018, two of the Company’s customers accounted for 47% of the Company’s revenue, consisting of 34% and 13%, respectively. For the three months ended June 30, 2017, three of the Company’s customers accounted for 55% of the Company’s revenue, consisting of 26%, 12% and 17%, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2018, two of the Company's customers accounted for 48% of the Company's revenue, consisting of 36% and 12%, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2017, three of the company's customers accounted for 57% of the Company's revenue, consisting of 26%, 15% and 16%, respectively. Accounts receivable related to the Company’s major customers comprised 49% of all accounts receivable as of June 30, 2018, and 82% of all accounts receivable as of June 30, 2017. This decrease is a result of the adoption of ASC 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers.” The loss of one or more of these major customers could have a significant impact on our revenues and harm our business and results of operations.
 
For the three months ended June 30, 2018, domestic net revenues were $11.9 million and foreign net revenues were $4.9 million. For the six months ended June 30, 2018, domestic net revenues were $22.1 million and foreign net revenues were $9.2 million. As of June 30, 2018, domestic assets were $125.8 million and foreign assets were $60.9 million. For the three months ended June 30, 2017, domestic net revenues were $14.8 million and foreign net revenues were $3.6 million. For the six months ended June 30, 2017, domestic net revenues were $31.8 million and foreign net revenues were $6.5 million. As of June 30, 2017, domestic assets were $127.4 million and foreign assets were $69.0 million.

Foreign Currency Translation
 

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The net assets of international subsidiaries where the local currencies have been determined to be the functional currencies are translated into U.S. dollars using current exchange rates. The U.S. dollar effects that arise from translating the net assets of these subsidiaries at changing rates are recorded in the foreign currency translation account, which is included in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) ("AOCI") and reflected as a separate component of equity. For those subsidiaries where the U.S. dollar has been determined to be the functional currency, non-monetary foreign currency assets and liabilities are translated using historical rates, while monetary assets and liabilities are translated at current rates, with the U.S. dollar effects of rate changes included in Foreign currency exchange gain line item under the Other income (expense), net section of the Income Statement.

Debt Issuance Costs
 
Expenses related to debt financing activities are capitalized and amortized on an effective interest method, over the term of the loan and are to be netted against the carrying value of the financial liability, as required by ASU 2015-3. This standard aligns the treatment of debt issuance costs and debt discounts in that both reduce the carrying value of the liability. Amortization of debt issuance costs is to be recorded as interest expense on the income statement.

Reclassification

Certain prior year amounts were reclassified to conform to current year presentation.

Adoption of Other Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): "Restricted Cash (a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force)". The update addresses the diversity in the industry with respect to classification and presentation of changes in restricted cash on the statement of cash flows. These amendments require that a statement of cash flows explain the restricted cash change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. It affects those reporting entities that are required to evaluate whether they should consolidate a variable interest entity "VIE". The amendments in this update were effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017 for public business entities, including interim periods within those fiscal years. For the Company, the amendments were effective January 1, 2018. The Company's adoption of this ASU, effective January 1, 2018, did not have a significant impact on its consolidated financial statements.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805): “Clarifying the Definition of a Business”. The update clarifies the definition of a business, specifically for companies to better evaluate whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses. The amendments in this update were effective for public companies for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those annual periods. The Company's adoption of this ASU, effective January 1, 2018, did not have a significant impact on its consolidated financial statements.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-03, Accounting Changes and Error Corrections (Topic 250) and Investments—Equity Method and Joint Ventures (Topic 323): “Amendments to SEC Paragraphs Pursuant to Staff Announcements at the September 22, 2016 and November 17, 2016 EITF Meetings”. The update shows amendments to two SEC Announcements made late in 2016 regarding four specific standards as follows: ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326), and ASU 2014-01, Investments - Equity Method and Joint Ventures (Topic 323). The amendments in this update require changes to the U.S. GAAP Financial Reporting Taxonomy and the changes will be incorporated into the proposed 2018 Taxonomy which are available for public comment and finalized as part of the annual release process. The Company's adoption of this ASU, effective January 1, 2018, did not have a significant impact on its consolidated financial statements.

In February 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-05, Other Income—Gains and Losses from the Derecognition of Nonfinancial Assets (Subtopic 610-20): “Clarifying the Scope of Asset Derecognition Guidance and Accounting for Partial Sales of Nonfinancial Assets”. This update addresses guidance for partial sales of nonfinancial assets. It affects (i) an entity that enters into a contract to transfer to a customer a nonfinancial asset, group of nonfinancial assets, or ownership interest in a consolidated subsidiary that is not a business or nonprofit entity, (ii) an entity that historically had transactions within the scope of the real estate-specific derecognition guidance, and (iii) an entity that contributes nonfinancial assets that are not a business or a nonprofit activity to a joint venture or other noncontrolled investee. The amendments were effective at the same time as the amendments in ASU 2014-09. Therefore, for the Company, the amendments were effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim reporting periods within that reporting period. Public entities may apply the guidance earlier but only as of annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including

12



interim reporting periods within that reporting period. The Company does not currently expect to enter into any such nonfinancial asset or ownership interest in its consolidated subsidiaries agreements but will refer to the guidance in ASU 2017-05 should that occur. The Company's adoption of this ASU, effective January 1, 2018, did not have any significant impact on its consolidated financial statements.

In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09, Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718): “Scope of Modification Accounting”. This update provides guidance about which changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award require an entity to apply modification accounting in Topic 718, Compensation—Stock Compensation, to a change to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award. The amendments affect any entity that changes the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award. The amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. For the Company, the amendments were effective January 1, 2018. The Company has not made any changes to the terms or conditions of share-based payment awards but will refer to the guidance in ASU 2017-09 should that occur. The Company's adoption of this ASU, effective January 1, 2018, did not have a significant impact on its consolidated financial statements.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842): “Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities”. The update supersedes Topic 840, Leases and requires the recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities by lessees for those leases classified as operating leases under previous GAAP. Topic 842 retains a distinction between finance leases and operating leases, with cash payments from operating leases classified within operating activities in the statement of cash flows. The amendments in this update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018 for public business entities, which for the Company means January 1, 2019. The Company is reviewing all lease agreements inclusive of supplier agreements. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this ASU on its consolidated financial statements.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): “Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment”. The update simplifies how an entity is required to test goodwill for impairment by eliminating Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. Step 2 measures a goodwill impairment loss by comparing the implied fair value of a reporting unit’s goodwill with the carrying amount of that goodwill. It affects public entities that have goodwill reported in their financial statements and have not elected the private company alternative for the subsequent measurement of goodwill. A public entity that is a U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") filer should adopt the amendments in this update for its annual or any interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. For the Company, the amendments are effective January 1, 2020. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this ASU on its consolidated financial statements.

In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-02, “Income Statement - Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income,” which allows a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings for stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. This guidance is effective for all entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The amendments in ASU 2018-02 should be applied either in the period of adoption or retrospectively to each period in which the effect of the change in the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act is recognized. The adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a material impact on the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements and related disclosures.

3. Revenues, Recognition and Allowances

Revenue Recognition

As of January 1, 2018, the Company adopted the ASC 606 guidance for revenue recognition for contracts, using the modified retrospective method. The implementation of this guidance had no material impact on the measurement or recognition of revenue from customer contracts of prior periods.
 
Upon adoption of this new guidance, the Company recognizes revenue using the following five steps:
Identification of the contract, or contracts, with a customer;
Identification of the performance obligations in the contract;
Determination of the transaction price, including the identification and estimation of variable consideration;
Allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and
Recognition of revenue when we satisfy a performance obligation.


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The Company derives its revenues from three types of transactions: sales of its own pharmaceutical products (Company product sales), sales of manufactured product for its customers (contract manufacturing sales), and research and product development services performed for third parties.

Revenue is recognized when a customer obtains control of promised goods or services, in an amount that reflects the consideration which the entity expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. To the extent the transaction price includes variable consideration, the Company estimates the amount of variable consideration that should be included in the transaction price using the expected value method based on historical experience as well as applicable information currently available.

The table below summarizes the effect of the adoption of ASC 606 on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of June 30, 2018:

 As Reported Balance Without Adoption of New Revenue Standard Effect of Change Higher/(Lower)
ASSETS     
Current assets:     
     Accounts receivable, net$16,232
 $18,144
 $(1,912)
      
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY     
Current liabilities:     
     Accrued expenses$9,269
 $11,181
 $(1,912)

The table below summarizes the effect of the adoption of ASC 606 on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations as of June 30, 2018:

 Three months ended June 30, Six months ended June 30,
 As Reported Balance Without Adoption of New Revenue Standard Effect of Change Increase/(Decrease) As Reported Balance Without Adoption of New Revenue Standard Effect of Change Increase/(Decrease)
            
Revenue, net$16,751
 $17,228
 $(477) $31,296
 $32,408
 $(1,112)
            
Cost of revenue11,728
 12,205
 (477) 21,053
 22,165
 (1,112)
            
Gross margin30% 29% (1)% 33% 32% (1)%

Company Product Sales

Revenue from Company product sales is recognized upon transfer of control of a product to a customer at a point in time, generally as the Company's products are sold on an FOB destination basis and because inventory risk and risk of ownership passes to the customer upon delivery.

Company product sales are recorded net of accruals for estimated chargebacks, rebates, cash discounts, other allowances, and returns (collectively, sales returns and allowances or “SRA”).
 
Contract Manufacturing Sales


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The Company recognizes revenue for contract manufacturing sales upon transfer of control of a product to a customer, which is generally upon shipment of products. However, with the new adoption of revenue recognition for contracts, the Company recognizes the revenue over time, rather than upon shipment. These shipments are made in accordance with sales commitments and related sales orders entered into with customers either verbally or in written form.

Contract manufacturing sales are recognized net of accruals for cash discounts and returns which are established at the time of sale, and are included in Product sales, net in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations.

Research and Development Services and Other Income

The Company establishes agreed upon product development agreements with its customers to perform product development services. Revenues are recognized in accordance with the agreement upon the completion of the phases of development and when the Company has no future performance obligations relating to that phase of development. Other types of revenue include royalty or licensing revenue, and would be recognized over time, or at a point in time, based upon the contractual term upon completion of the earnings process. Judgments are required to evaluate contingencies such as potential variances in schedule and the costs, the impact of change orders, liability claims, contract disputes and achievement of contractual performance standards.

Revenues by Transaction Type

The Company operates in one reportable segment and, therefore, the results of the Company's operations are reported on a consolidated basis for purposes of segment reporting, consistent with internal management reporting for the chief decision makers. Net Sales (in thousands) for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 were as follows (prior-period amounts are not adjusted under the modified-retrospective method of adoption):
 Three months ended June 30, Six months ended June 30,
 2018 2017 2018 2017
Company product sales$15,179
 $15,888
 $28,415
 $32,324
Contract manufacturing sales1,450
 2,407
 2,748
 5,824
Research and development services and other income122
 113
 $133
 $151
Revenue, net$16,751
 $18,408
 $31,296
 $38,299

Disaggregated information for the Company product sales revenue has been recognized in the accompanying unaudited interim Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations is presented below according to contract type (in thousands):
  Three months ended June 30, Six months ended June 30,
Company Product Sales 2018 2017 2018 2017
Topical $8,369
 $9,885
 $16,277
 $18,833
Injectables 6,810
 6,003
 12,138
 13,491
Total $15,179
 $15,888
 $28,415
 $32,324

In the six months ended June 30, 2018, Company did not incur, and therefore did not defer, any material incremental costs to obtain contracts.

Sales Returns and Allowances

As is customary in the pharmaceutical industry, the Company’s product sales are subject to a variety of deductions including chargebacks, rebates, cash discounts, other allowances, and returns. Product sales are recorded net of accruals for SRA, which are established at the time of sale. The Company analyzes the adequacy of its accruals for SRA quarterly. Amounts accrued for sales deductions are adjusted when trends or significant events indicate that an adjustment is appropriate. Accruals are also adjusted to reflect actual results. These provisions are estimates based on historical payment experience, historical relationship to revenues, estimated customer inventory levels and current contract sales terms with direct and indirect customers. The Company uses a variety of methods to assess the adequacy of its SRA reserves to ensure that its financial statements are fairly stated. These include periodic reviews of customer inventory data, customer contract programs, subsequent actual payment experience, and product pricing trends to analyze and validate the SRA reserves.

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Net Company product sales of $15.2 million and $15.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, are included in product sales, net in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. Net Company product revenue of $28.4 million and $32.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, are included in product sales, net in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. Accounts receivable are presented net of SRA balances of $19.3 million and $30.9 million at June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Accounts payable and accrued expenses include $0.0 million and $5.5 million at June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, for certain fees related to services provided by the wholesalers. For the six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company recorded income of $0.8 million due to a decrease in the Medicaid reserve primarily related to finalizing the payment per the terms of the product acquisition agreement.

The accrual for chargebacks is one of the Company's most significant estimates for recognition of product sales. A chargeback represents an amount payable in the future to a wholesaler for the difference between the invoice price paid to the Company by its wholesale customer for a particular product and the negotiated contract price that the wholesaler’s customer pays for that product. The Company’s chargeback provision and related reserve varies with changes in product mix, changes in customer pricing and changes to estimated wholesaler inventories. The provision for chargebacks also takes into account an estimate of the expected wholesaler sell-through levels to indirect customers at contract prices. The Company validates the chargeback accrual quarterly through a review of the inventory reports obtained from its largest wholesale customers. This customer inventory information is used to establish the estimated liability for future chargeback claims based on historical chargeback and contract rates. These large wholesalers represent a majority of the Company’s chargeback payments. The Company continually monitors current pricing trends and wholesaler inventory levels to ensure the liability for future chargebacks is fairly stated.

The rebate accrual is used for various discounts and rebates provided to customers. This account has been used for various one-time discounts given to customers. The Company reviews the percentage of products sold through these programs by reviewing chargeback data and uses the appropriate percentages to calculate the rebate accrual. Rebates are invoiced monthly or quarterly and reviewed against the accruals. Other items that could be included in accrued rebates would be price protection fees, shelf stock adjustments (SSAs), or other various amounts that would serve as one time discounts on specific products.

The Company's adjustments for the deductions to gross product sales are as follows (in thousands):
 Three months ended June 30, Six months ended June 30,
 2018 2017 2018 2017
Gross product sales$48,142
 $66,744
 $84,690
 $121,044
        
Deduction to gross product sales: 
  
  
  
Chargebacks and billbacks21,449
 44,090
 38,364
 74,105
Wholesaler fees for service477
 
 1,112
 
Sales discounts and other allowances11,037
 6,766
 16,799
 14,615
Total reduction to gross product sales$32,963
 $50,856
 $56,275
 $88,720
        
Company product sales, net$15,179
 $15,888
 $28,415
 $32,324

Financing and Payment

The Company's payment terms vary by the type and location of the customer and the products or services offered. The term between invoicing and when payment is due is not significant. The Company generally does not have incremental costs to obtain contracts that would otherwise not have been incurred. The Company does not adjust revenue for the promised amount of consideration for the effects of a significant financing component because the Company's customers generally pay the Company within 100 days.

Costs to Obtain or Fulfill a Customer Contract

Sales commissions are expensed when incurred because the amortization period would have been one year or less. These costs are recorded in selling, general and administrative expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

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Costs related to shipping and handling is comprised of outbound freight and associated labor. The Company accounts for shipping and handling activities related to contracts with customers as fulfillment costs which are included in cost of sales in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

In connection with four of the 30 products the Company currently manufactures, markets and distributes in its own label in the U.S., in accordance with an agreement entered into in December of 2011, the Company is required to pay a royalty calculated based on net sales to one of its pharmaceutical partners. The royalty is calculated based on contracted terms of 40% of net sales for the four products, which is to be paid quarterly to the pharmaceutical partner. In accordance with the agreement, net sales exclude fees related to services provided by the wholesalers. Accounts payable and accrued expenses include $0.6 million and $0.4 million at June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, related to these royalties. Royalty expense of $0.7 million and $0.4 million was included in cost of sales in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Royalty expense of $1.5 million and $0.9 million was included in cost of sales in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.



4. Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or net realizable value, using the first-in-first-out method and consist of the following (in thousands):

 June 30, 2018 December 31, 2017
 (Unaudited) (Audited)
Raw materials$10,655
 $8,231
Work in progress944
 616
Finished goods8,434
 8,532
Inventories reserve(2,458) (1,304)
Inventories, net$17,575
 $16,075


5. Property, Plant and Equipment
 
Property, plant and equipment consists of the following (in thousands):
 June 30, 2018 December 31, 2017
 (Unaudited) (Audited)
Land$257
 $257
Building and improvements17,474
 8,613
Machinery and equipment9,674
 9,142
Computer hardware and software4,059
 3,244
Furniture and fixtures553
 449
Construction in progress60,268
 55,017
 92,285
 76,722
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization(9,258) (8,367)
Property, plant and equipment, net$83,027
 $68,355
 
The Company recorded depreciation expense of $1.1 million and $0.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and June 30, 2017, respectively. During the three months ended June 30, 2018 and June 30, 2017, there was $1.5 million of interest and $0.7 million of interest, respectively, capitalized into construction in progress. For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and June 30, 2017, there was $2.8 million of interest and $1.2 million of interest, respectively, capitalized into construction in progress. This increase in capitalized interest is related to outstanding costs for the Company's facility expansion project in Buena. During the three months ended June 30, 2018 and June 30, 2017, there was $0.4 million of payroll costs and $0.2 million of payroll costs, respectively, capitalized into construction in progress. For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and

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June 30, 2017, there was $0.8 million of payroll costs and $0.4 million of payroll costs, respectively, capitalized into construction in progress.
 
6. Debt

Convertible Notes

On December 16, 2014, the Company issued $125.0 million aggregate principal amount of Convertible 3.75% Senior Notes, due 2019 (the “2019 Notes”). On December 22, 2014, the Company announced the closing of the initial purchasers’ exercise in full of their option to purchase an additional $18.75 million aggregate principal amount of 2019 Notes. The 2019 Notes bear interest at a fixed rate of 3.75% per year, payable semiannually in arrears on June 15 and December 15 of each year, beginning on June 15, 2015, and mature on December 15, 2019, unless earlier repurchased, redeemed or converted. The 2019 Notes are convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock, cash or a combination thereof. On May 20, 2015, the Company received shareholder approval for the increase in the number of shares of common stock authorized and available for issuance upon conversion of the 2019 Notes.


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On April 27, 2018, the Company entered into separate exchange agreements with certain holders of the 2019 Notes. The agreements gave the holder the right to exchange in aggregate $75.1 million of the 2019 Notes for $75.1 million of new Convertible 4.75% Senior Notes due 2023 (the “2023 Notes”). The new 2023 Notes bear a fixed interest rate of 4.75% per year, payable semi-annually with the principal payable in May 2023. The 2023 Notes incurred loan issue costs of $1.6 million and a discount of $19.0 million. Consistent with the 2019 Notes, the 2023 Notes are convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock, cash or a combination thereof. The discount is directly related to the convertible feature on the 2023 Notes. The initial conversion rate is $224.71 per share, subject to certain adjustments, related to either the Company's stock price volatility, or the Company's declaration of a stock dividend, stock distribution, share combination or share split expected dividends or other anti-dilutive activities. In addition, holders will be entitled to receive additional shares of common stock for a potential increase of the conversion rate up to $280.90 per share under a make-whole provision in some circumstances. The issue costs and discount are recognized as interest expense over the term of the Notes. The effective interest, inclusive of the debt discounts and issue costs, is 12.10%. The $75.1 million exchange of the 2019 Notes for 2023 Notes is considered an extinguishment under ASC 470, as the present value of the future cash flows has changed greater than 10%. The extinguishment of this portion of the 2019 Notes has been referenced here as "partial extinguishment". The partial extinguishment resulted in the recognition of an additional $10.1 million of non-cash interest expense in the quarter ended June 30, 2018. The $10.1 million is related to an unamortized debt discount of $9.1 million and unamortized debt financing costs of $1.0 million associated with the partial extinguishment of the $75.1 million of the 2019 Notes.

Term Loan

On June 1, 2018, the Company entered into a credit agreement for $25.0 million secured by all Company assets, due June 1, 2021 (“2021 Term Loan”). The 2021 Term Loan has limited financial and non-financial covenants inclusive of a minimum cash carry balance of $5.0 million. The 2019 Notes and 2023 Notes are subordinate to the 2021 Term Loan. The first $15.0 million of loan proceeds was received on June 1, 2018. The remaining loan proceeds of $10.0 million were subject to closing conditions as defined in the agreement and were received on July 16, 2018. The 2021 Term Loan incurred loan issue costs of $0.5 million and a discount of $0.4 million. The discount is due to lender fees paid on the initial drawdown of $15.0 million. The issue costs and discount are recognized as interest expense over the term of the 2021 Term Loan. The 2021 Term Loan bears interest at a rate of LIBOR plus 9%, with a stated floor of 2%. The effective interest, inclusive of the debt discounts and issue costs is 13.56% per year.

At June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the net carrying value of the debt and the remaining unamortized debt discounts and debt issuance costs were as follows (in thousands):

 June 30, 2018 December 31, 2017
 (Unaudited) (Audited)
Face amount of the 2019 Notes (due December 2019)$68,660
 $143,750
Face amount of the 2021 Loan (due June 2021)15,000
 
Face amount of the 2023 Notes (due May 2023)75,090
 

158,750
 143,750
Less unamortized discounts and debt issuance costs29,277
 22,773
   Total Carrying Value, Net$129,473
 $120,977
 
For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company recorded the following expenses in relation to the debt (in thousands):

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 Three months ended June 30, Six months ended June 30,
 2018 2017 2018 2017
Interest expense of the 2019 Notes (1)$878
 $1,347
 $2,226
 $2,695
Interest expense of the 2021 Loan141
 
 141
 
Interest expense of the 2023 Notes (1)634
 
 634
 
Debt partial extinguishment of 2019 Notes10,069
 
 10,069
 
Debt discount amortization of the 2019 Notes (1)1,571
 2,126
 3,910
 4,183
Debt discount amortization of the 2021 Loan17
 
 17
 
Debt discount amortization of the 2023 Notes (1)498
 
 498
 
Debt financing amortization of the 2019 Notes (1)191
 232
 446
 456
Debt financing amortization of the 2021 Loan14
 
 14
  
Debt financing amortization of the 2023 Notes (1)42
 
 42
  
   Interest expense$14,055
 $3,705
 $17,997
 $7,334

(1) Included within "Interest and other expense, net" on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations, offset by interest income and capitalized interest, as disclosed Note 5.

7. Goodwill and Intangible Assets

Goodwill
 
The Company acquired the assets of Canadian pharmaceutical company Alveda Pharmaceuticals, Inc., in November 2015. As a result of the acquisition, we recorded goodwill of $0.4 million. We assess the recoverability of the carrying value of goodwill in the fourth quarter of each year, and whenever events occur or circumstances change that would, more likely than not, reduce the fair value of our reporting unit below its carrying value. There have been no events or changes in circumstances that would have reduced the fair value of our reporting unit below its carrying value from December 31, 2017, through June 30, 2018. No impairment losses were recognized during the six months ended June 30, 2018.
 

Changes in goodwill during the six months ended June 30, 2018 were as follows (in thousands): 

Goodwill balance at December 31, 2017$471
Foreign currency translation(26)
Goodwill balance at June 30, 2018$445
 
Intangible Assets
 
The following sets forth the major categories of the Company’s intangible assets and the weighted-average remaining amortization period as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 (in thousands).

 June 30, 2018  
 Gross Carrying
Amount
 Accumulated
Amortization
 Net Carrying
Amount
 Weighted Average
Remaining Amortization
Period (Years)
Trademarks and Technology$39,294
 $(6,875) $32,419
 12.4
In process research and development ("IPR&D")17,831
 
 17,831
 N/A
Customer relationships3,637
 (957) 2,680
 7.6
Total$60,762
 $(7,832) $52,930
  


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 December 31, 2017  
 Gross Carrying
Amount
 Accumulated
Amortization
 Net Carrying
Amount
 Weighted Average
Remaining Amortization
Period (Years)
Trademarks and Technology$40,380
 $(5,684) $34,696
 12.8
In-process research and development ("IPR&D")18,311
 
 18,311
 N/A
Customer relationships3,783
 (773) 3,010
 7.9
Total$62,474
 $(6,457) $56,017
  

Changes in intangibles during the six months ended June 30, 2018 were as follows (in thousands):

 Trademarks and Technology IPR&D Customer Relationships
Balance at January 1, 2018$34,696
 $18,311
 $3,010
Amortization(1,363) 
 (187)
Loss on impairment(7) (15) 
Foreign currency translation(907) (465) (143)
Balance at June 30, 2018$32,419
 $17,831
 $2,680
 
Assuming no additions, disposals or adjustments are made to the carrying values and/or useful lives of the intangible assets, annual amortization expense on product rights and other related intangibles as of June 30, 2018 over the remainder of 2018 and each of the next five years is estimated to be as follows (in thousands):
 Amortization Expense *
2018 (remainder of the year)$1,550
20193,099
20203,099
20213,099
20223,099
20233,099
Thereafter18,054
Total$35,099
 
*IPR&D amounts are assessed for impairment at least annually and will be amortized once products are approved, including the product's respective manufacturing process approvals, and are not included in the table.
 
The useful lives of the Company’s intangibles are as follows:
Intangibles CategoryAmortizable Life
Trademarks and Technology15
Customer Relationships10
 
8. Stock-Based Compensation
 
Stock Options
 
The 1999 Director Stock Option Plan, as amended (the “Director Plan”), provides for the grant of stock options to non-employee directors of the Company at an exercise price equal to the fair market value per share on the date of the grant. As of December 31, 2017, an aggregate of 1,975,000 shares had been approved and authorized for issuance pursuant to the Director Plan with no change as of June 30, 2018. A total of 2,634,798 options had been granted to non-employee directors through December 31, 2017, with no change as of June 30, 2018. A total of 807,782 of those had been forfeited through December 31, 2017 and returned to the option pool for future issuance, with no change as of June 30, 2018. The options granted under the Director Plan vest in full one year after their respective grant dates and have a maximum term of ten years. As of December 31, 2017 and June 30, 2018 there were 500,000 shares of common stock options outstanding. As of December 31, 2017, the 147,984 options available were transferred to a plan that has superseded the Director Plan, as discussed further in this section, with no additional options transferred as of June 30, 2018.

The 1999 Stock Incentive Plan, as amended (“1999 Plan”), replaced all previously authorized employee stock option plans, and no additional options may be granted under those previous plans. Under the 1999 Plan, options or stock awards may be granted to all of the Company’s employees, officers, directors, consultants and advisors to purchase a maximum of 3,200,000 shares of common stock. However, pursuant to the terms of the 1999 Plan, no awards may be granted after March 16, 2009. A total of 2,892,500 options, having a maximum term of ten years, have been granted at 100% of the fair market value of the Company’s common stock at the date of grant. Options outstanding under the 1999 Plan were generally exercisable in cumulative increments over four years commencing one year from date of grant. As of June 30, 2018, there are no options outstanding under the 1999 Plan.
��
On June 26, 2009, the Board of Directors adopted, and the Company’s stockholders subsequently approved by written consent, the IGI Laboratories, Inc. 2009 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2009 Plan”). The 2009 Plan became effective on July 29, 2009. The 2009 Plan allows the Company to continue to grant options and restricted stock, as under the 1999 Plan, but also authorizes the Board of Directors to grant a broad range of other equity-based awards, including stock appreciation rights, restricted stock units (“RSUs”) and performance awards. The 2009 Plan has been created, pursuant to and consistent with the Company's current compensation philosophy, to assist the Company in attracting, retaining and rewarding designated employees, directors, consultants and other service providers of the Company and its subsidiaries and affiliates, in a manner that will be cost efficient to the Company from both an economic and financial accounting perspective. On April 12, 2010, the Board of Directors adopted, and the Company’s stockholders subsequently approved, an amendment and restatement of the 2009 Plan to increase the number of shares of Common Stock available for grant under such plan by adding 2,000,000 shares of Common Stock. The 2009 Plan, as amended on May 29, 2010, authorizes up to 5,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock for issuance pursuant to the terms of the 2009 Plan. The maximum number of shares that may be subject to awards made to any individual in any single calendar year under the 2009 Plan is 1,000,000 shares. As of June 30, 2018, there were 24,376 RSUs outstanding, 1,493,960 shares of stock outstanding, and options to purchase 2,932,846 shares of common stock outstanding. As of December 31, 2017, there were 99,626 RSUs outstanding, 1,422,020 shares of stock outstanding and options to purchase 3,038,634 shares of common stock outstanding. As of December 31, 2017, the 249,052 options available were transferred to a plan that has superseded the 2009 Plan, as discussed further in this section. As of June 30, 2018, an additional 98,098 options available were transferred to the superseded plan.

On May 25, 2016, the Board of Directors approved the Company’s 2016 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2016 Plan”). On May 21, 2018, the Board of Directors adopted, and the Company’s stockholders subsequently approved, an amendment and restatement of the 2016 Plan to increase the number of shares of Common Stock available for grant under such plan by adding 2,000,000 shares of Common Stock. The 2016 Plan, as amended, provides for the issuance of awards of up to 4,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, plus any shares of common stock that are represented by awards granted under our Director Plan and 2009 Plan that are forfeited, expire or are canceled without delivery of shares of common stock or which result in the forfeiture of shares of common stock back to the Company on or after May 25, 2016, up to 2,500,000 shares. Generally, shares of common stock reserved for awards under the 2016 Plan that lapse or are canceled, will be added back to the share reserve available for future awards. However, shares of common stock tendered in payment for an award or shares of common stock withheld for taxes will not be available again for grant. The 2016 Plan provides that no participant may receive awards for more than 1,000,000 shares of common stock in any fiscal year. As the 2016 Plan supersedes both the Director Plan and the 2009 Plan, any available shares from both are now incorporated into the 2016 Plan. As of June 30, 2018, there were 174,472 RSUs outstanding, 49,667 shares of common stock outstanding and options to purchase 1,335,529 shares of common stock outstanding under the 2016 Plan. As compared to 2017, as of December 31, 2017, there were 89,003 RSUs outstanding, 20,000 shares of common stock outstanding and options to purchase 761,176 shares of common stock
outstanding under the 2016 Plan. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, there were a total of 2,935,736 shares of common stock and 1,526,857 shares of common stock available under the 2016 Plan, respectively.
 
As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, there were options to purchase 4,768,105 and 4,299,810 shares of common stock outstanding, respectively, collectively in the Director Plan, 2009 Plan, and the 2016 Plan.

In the interest of maintaining consistency with the Company's 2016 Equity Incentive Plan, on March 13, 2017, the Company entered into (i) an amendment to the option agreements governing each option grant currently outstanding under the Company's 2009 Equity Incentive Plan, and (ii) an amendment to the RSU, agreements governing each RSU grant currently outstanding under the 2009 Plan. The amendments provide for the automatic vesting upon a change of control of the Company of each option grant and RSU grant, as applicable, outstanding under the 2009 Plan. The amendments had a de minimis value to the holders as of June 30, 2018, and therefore no additional stock compensation expense was recognized related to the amendments.

The fair value of each option award is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing formula that uses assumptions noted in the following table. Expected volatilities and risk-free interest rates are based upon the expected life of the grant.
 Six months ended June 30,
Assumptions2018 2017
Expected dividends
 
Risk-free rate2.36% 1.55%
Expected volatility60.5% - 62.3%
 58.0% - 69.7%
Expected term (in years)3.2 - 3.3 years
 3.2 - 3.3 years
  
Expected volatility was calculated using the historical volatility of the Company's stock over the expected life of the options. The expected life of the options was estimated based on the Company's historical data. The risk free interest rate is based on U.S. Treasury yields for securities with terms approximating the terms of the grants. Forfeitures are recognized in the period they occur. The assumptions used in the Black-Scholes options valuation model are highly subjective, and can materially affect the resulting valuation.

A summary of option activity under the Director Plan, the 2009 Plan and the 2016 Plan as of June 30, 2018 and changes during the period are presented below:
 
Number of
Options
 
Weighted Average
Exercise Price
Outstanding as of January 1, 20184,299,810
 $5.09
Issued679,785
 3.29
Exercised(11,000) 1.08
Forfeited(200,490) 7.02
Expired
 
Outstanding as of June 30, 20184,768,105
 $4.76
 

  
Exercisable as of June 30, 20183,546,700
 $4.63
 
The following tables summarize information regarding options outstanding and exercisable at June 30, 2018:
 
Outstanding:
Range of Exercise Prices Stock Options Outstanding Weighted Average Exercise Price Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Life
$0.55 - $1.50 1,735,000
 $1.06
 3.61
$1.51 - $5.50 873,469
 3.18
 8.52
$5.51 - $10.67 2,159,636
 8.38
 7.45
Total 4,768,105
 $4.76
 6.25

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Exercisable: 
Range of Exercise Prices Stock Options Exercisable Weighted Average Exercise Price
$0.55 - $1.50 1,735,000
 $1.06
$1.51 - $5.50 202,166
 2.75
$5.51 - $10.67 1,609,534
 8.72
Total 3,546,700
 $4.63
 
As of June 30, 2018, the intrinsic value of the options outstanding was $4.5 million and the intrinsic value of the options exercisable was $4.3 million. As of June 30, 2018, there was $2.0 million of total unrecognized compensation expense related to non-vested share-based compensation arrangements granted under the Plan. The costs will be recognized through February 2021.
 
Restricted Stock and RSUs
 
The Company periodically grants restricted stock and RSU awards to certain officers and other employees that typically vest one to three years from their grant date. The Company recognized $120,000 and $245,000 of compensation expense during the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $303,000 and $468,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, related to restricted stock and RSU awards. Stock compensation expense is recognized over the vesting period of the restricted stock and RSUs. At June 30, 2018, the Company had approximately $0.8 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested restricted stock and RSUs, all of which will be recognized through April 2021. The following table summarizes the number of unvested RSUs and their weighted average exercise price for the six months ended June 30, 2018.
  Number of RSUs Weighted Average Exercise Price
Non-vested balance at January 1, 2018 188,629
 $8.27
Changes during the period:  
  
Shares granted 122,949
 3.36
Shares vested (101,607) 9.07
Shares forfeited (11,123) 7.21
Non-vested balance at June 30, 2018 198,848
 $4.88

9. Income Taxes

The Company conducts operations in the United States and certain foreign countries. It is the intent of the Company to permanently reinvest any earnings and profits generated by its foreign affiliates. One of its foreign affiliates is subject to tax in Estonia. Estonia has a dual tax regime: 0% tax rate for earnings and profits as they are generated and 14% to 20% tax rates for earnings and profits that are distributed to shareholders. The Company has taken the position that the 14% to 20% tax rates apply only when dividends have been declared and recognized as a liability. Accordingly, the Company has provided no taxes on the current earnings generated by its Estonian affiliate.

Income tax expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and June 30, 2017, is recognized based on the Company’s estimated annual effective tax rate, which is based on the tax rate expected for the full calendar year applied to the pre-tax income of the interim period adjusted for discrete items. The Company excludes from the calculation of the annual effective tax rate those jurisdictions that are projected to operate at a loss and in which a tax benefit will not be recognized or which operate in a zero tax rate jurisdiction.

The Company has assessed the impacts of the changes resulting from the United States Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (U.S. TCJA) and has recognized an income tax benefit and a corresponding receivable of $0.1 million related to the recoverability of Alternative Minimum Tax Credits. Deferred tax assets, liabilities and valuation allowances have been remeasured at the new rate of 21%. Except for the recognition of the Alternative Minimum Tax Credit, there was no income impact from the remeasurement since all U.S. net deferred tax assets are fully reserved by the Company. At present, we do not estimate any material impacts from the repatriation tax. While we have completed our provisional analysis of the income tax effects of

22



the U.S.TCJA, the related tax effects may need to be adjusted, possibly materially, due to further refinement of our calculations, changes in interpretations and assumptions that we have made, additional guidance that may be issued by regulatory bodies, and actions and related accounting policy decision we may take as a result of the new legislation. We will complete our analysis over the one-year measurement period from the enactment of the law as provided for by SAB 118, and any adjustments during this measurement period will be included in net earnings from continuing operations as an adjustment to income tax expense in the reporting period(s) when such adjustments are determined.

The Company evaluates the recoverability of its net deferred tax assets based on its history of operating results, its expectations for the future and expiration dates. Based on the preponderance of the evidence, the Company has concluded that it is more likely than not it will be unable to realize the net deferred tax assets in the immediate future and has established a valuation allowance for all U.S. and foreign net deferred tax assets.
 
At December 31, 2017, the Company’s U.S. federal net operating loss carryforwards totaled $41.7 million. The Company’s ability to use net operating loss carry forwards is subject to limitation in future periods under certain provisions of Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, which limit the utilization of net operating losses upon a more than 50% change in ownership of the Company’s stock that is held by 5% or greater stockholders. The Company examined the application of Section 382 with respect to an ownership change that took place during 2010, as well as the limitation on the application of net operating loss carry forwards. The Company believes that operating losses subsequent to the change date in 2010 (aggregating $23.1 million) are not subject to Section 382 limitations. The Company has estimated that the annual limitation starting in 2010 aggregates from $1.0 million to $2.3 million per year including the effect of amortization of built in gains. The Company’s loss carryforwards may be further limited in the future if additional ownership changes occur.

The Company is subject to the provisions of ASC 740-10-25, “Income Taxes”. ASC 740 prescribes a more likely-than-not threshold for the financial statement recognition of uncertain tax positions. ASC 740 clarifies the accounting for income taxes by prescribing a minimum recognition threshold and measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. On a quarterly basis, the Company undergoes a process to evaluate whether income tax accruals are in accordance with ASC 740 guidance on uncertain tax positions.  For federal purposes, post 1998 tax years remain open to examination as a result of net operating loss carryforwards. The Company is currently open to audit by the appropriate state income taxing authorities for tax years 2013 to 2017. The Company has not recorded any liability for uncertain tax positions.
 
10. Accrued Expenses

Accrued expenses represent various obligations of the Company including certain operating expenses and taxes payable.

As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the largest components of accrued expenses were (in thousands):
 June 30, 2018 December 31, 2017
 (Unaudited) (Audited)
Capital expenditures$2,476
 $1,947
Payroll1,483
 1,580
Professional fees1,284
 546
Interest expense763
 240
Clinical studies603
 596
Royalties578
 856
Medicaid and Medicare *542
 
Inventory and Supplies460
 58
Rebates *332
 
Income Tax60
 58
Wholesaler fees *
 7,044
Other688
 577
 $9,269
 $13,502


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* Wholesale fees ($2.8 million) have been reclassified to Accounts Receivable and Medicaid $0.5 million, Medicare Fees $0.1 million and Rebates $0.3 million have been reclassified to Accrued Expenses upon adoption of ASC Topic 606, "Revenue from Contracts and Customers" in 2018.

11. Legal and U.S. Regulatory Proceedings
 
The Company is involved from time to time in claims which arise in the ordinary course of business. In management's opinion, the Company has made adequate provision for potential liabilities, if any, arising from any such matters. However, litigation is inherently unpredictable, and the costs and other effects of pending or future litigation, governmental investigations, legal and administrative cases and proceedings (whether civil or criminal), settlements, judgments and investigations, claims and changes in any such matters, and developments or assertions by or against the Company relating to intellectual property rights and intellectual property licenses, could have a material adverse effect on its business, financial condition and operating results.

To date, twelve putative class action antitrust lawsuits have been filed against the Company along with co-defendants, including Taro Pharmaceuticals U.S.A., Inc. and Perrigo New York Inc. One “opt-out” action has additionally been filed against the Company along with thirty-four generic manufacturer co-defendants regarding the pricing of econazole nitrate cream along with twenty-nine additional drug products not manufactured or sold by the Company. All actions have been consolidated by the Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation to the Eastern District of Pennsylvania for pre-trial proceedings as part of the In re Generic Pharmaceuticals Pricing Antitrust Litigation matter, and the class actions have been consolidated into three actions: the direct purchaser, end payer and indirect reseller actions.

The class plaintiffs seek to represent nationwide or state classes consisting of persons who directly purchased, indirectly purchased, paid and/or reimbursed patients for the purchase of generic econazole from July 1, 2014 until the time the defendants’ allegedly unlawful conduct ceased or will cease.

The opt-out plaintiffs allege a conspiracy by thirty-five generic manufacturers to fix prices for thirty drug products, including econazole nitrate cream, in violation of federal antitrust laws. The opt-out plaintiffs seek treble damages for alleged price

24



overcharges for the thirty drug products identified in the complaint during the alleged period of conspiracy, and also seek injunctive relief against the defendants.

All of these cases are in their initial stages and motions to dismiss have been filed with respect to each of the three consolidated class actions. Due to the early stage of these cases, we are unable to form a judgment at this time as to whether an unfavorable outcome is either probable or remote or to provide an estimate of the amount or range of potential loss. We believe these cases are without merit, and we intend to vigorously defend against these claims.

On October 20, 2017, a Demand for Arbitration was filed with the American Arbitration Association by Stayma Consulting Services, Inc. (“Stayma”) against the Company regarding the Company’s development and manufacture for Stayma of two generic drug products, one a lotion and one a cream, containing 0.05% of the active pharmaceutical ingredient flurandrenolide.  The Company developed the two products and Stayma purchased commercial quantities of each; however, Stayma alleges that the Company breached agreements between the parties by developing an additional and different generic drug product, an ointment, containing flurandrenolide, and failing to meet certain contractual requirements. Stayma seeks monetary damages. Because discovery in this matter is ongoing, the Company is unable to form a judgment at this time as to whether an unfavorable outcome is either probable or remote or to provide an estimate of the amount or range of potential loss. The Company believes this case is without merit, and the Company intends to vigorously defend against these claims. The Company filed a counter-claim against Stayma for its failure to pay several past due invoices of approximately $1.7 million relating to the development and commercial supply of the two subject products.


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ITEM 2.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
This "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" section and other sections of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, that are based on current expectations, estimates, forecasts and projections about the industry and markets in which the Company operates and on management's beliefs and assumptions. In addition, other written or oral statements, which constitute forward-looking statements, may be made by or on behalf of the Company. Words such as "expects," "anticipates," "intends," "plans," "believes," "seeks," "estimates," variations of such words and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. These statements are based on current expectations of management and are not guarantees of future performance, and involve certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions, which are difficult to predict. These risks and uncertainties include, without limitation, competitive factors, outsourcing trends in the pharmaceutical industry, the general economic conditions in the markets in which the Company operates, levels of industry research and development spending, the Company’s ability to continue to attract and retain qualified personnel, the fixed price nature of product development agreements or the loss of customers and other factors described in the Company’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including the “Risk Factors” section as set forth in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, as updated below in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Therefore, actual outcomes and results may differ materially from what is expressed or forecasted in such forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements set forth herein speak only as of the date of this report. The Company undertakes no obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as may be required by applicable law.

Company Overview
 
Strategic Overview
 
Teligent, Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively the “Company”) is a specialty generic pharmaceutical company. All references to "Teligent," the "Company," "we," "us," and "our" refer to Teligent, Inc. Our mission is to become a leader in the specialty generic pharmaceutical market. Our platform for growth is centered around the development, manufacturing and marketing a portfolio of generic pharmaceutical products in our own label in topical, injectable, complex and ophthalmic dosage forms. We believe that expanding our development and commercial base beyond topical generics, historically the cornerstone of our expertise, to include injectable generics, complex generics and ophthalmic generics (what we call our "TICO" strategy"), will leverage our existing expertise and capabilities, and broaden our platform for more diversified strategic growth.

Our pipeline includes 26 Abbreviated New Drug Applications ("ANDAs") for additional pharmaceutical products filed with the FDA. Our pipeline also includes one Prior Approval Supplement for our first opthalmic product filed in the second quarter 2017. We have three abbreviated new drug submissions ("ANDSs") on file with Health Canada. In addition, we have 39 product candidates at various stages of our development pipeline. We expect to continue to expand our presence in the generic topical pharmaceutical market through the filing of additional ANDAs with the FDA, the filing of applications to Health Canada, and the subsequent launch of products as these applications are approved. We will also seek to license or acquire further products, intellectual property, or pending applications to expand our portfolio.

We currently market and sell generic topical and generic and branded generic injectable pharmaceutical products in the United States and Canada. In the United States, we currently market 28 generic topical pharmaceutical products and four branded generic injectable pharmaceutical products. In Canada, we sell over 30 generic and branded generic injectable products and medical devices. Generic pharmaceutical products are bioequivalent to their brand name counterparts. We also provide contract manufacturing services to the pharmaceutical, ("OTC"), and cosmetic markets. We operate our business under one segment. Our common stock is traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the trading symbol “TLGT.” Our principal executive office, laboratories and manufacturing facilities are located at 105 Lincoln Avenue, Buena, New Jersey. We have additional offices located in Iselin, New Jersey, Toronto, Canada, and Tallinn, Estonia.
  
The manufacturing and commercialization of generic specialty pharmaceutical markets is competitive, and there are established manufacturers, suppliers and distributors actively engaged in all phases of our business. We currently manufacture and sell topical generic pharmaceutical products under our own label.

The three large wholesale drug distributors are AmerisourceBergen Corporation ("ABC"); Cardinal Health, Inc. ("Cardinal"); and McKesson Drug Company, ("McKesson"). ABC, Cardinal and McKesson are key distributors of our products, as well as a broad range of health care products for many other companies. None of these distributors is an end user of our products. Generally, if sales to any one of these distributors were to diminish or cease, we believe that the end users of our products would likely find little difficulty obtaining our products either directly from us or from another distributor. However, the loss of one or more of these

26



distributors, together with a delay or inability to secure an alternative distribution source for end users, could have a material negative impact on our revenue, business, financial condition and results of operations. There are generally three major negotiating entities in the US market. Walgreens Boot Alliance Development consists of Walgreens, AmerisourceBergen's PRxO Generics program, and Econdisc members. Red Oak Sourcing consists of CVS and Cardinal’s source program. Finally, ClarusOne consists of Walmart, RiteAid and McKesson’s OneStop program. A loss of any of these major entities could result in a significant reduction in revenue.
 
We consider our business relationships with ABC, Cardinal and McKesson to be in good standing and have fee for services contracts with each of them. However, a change in purchasing patterns, a decrease in inventory levels, an increase in returns of our products, delays in purchasing products and delays in payment for products by one or more of these distributors could have a material negative impact on our revenue, business, financial condition and results of operations. We continue to analyze the market for other specialty generic drug products through internal research and development. In addition, we continue to explore business development opportunities to add additional products and/or capabilities to our existing portfolio.
 
For the three months ended June 30, 2018, we had sales to two customers, which individually accounted for 10% or more of our total revenue. Total sales to these customers represented 34% and 13%, respectively, and represented 47% of total revenues. Accounts receivable related to these major customers comprised 33% and 16%, respectively, of all accounts receivable as of June 30, 2018. For the three months ended June 30, 2017, we had sales to three customers which individually accounted for more than 10% of our total revenue. Total sales to these customers represented 26%, 17% and 12%, respectively, and represented 55% of total revenues. Accounts receivable related to these major customers comprised 82% of all accounts receivable as of June 30, 2017. For the six months ended June 30, 2018, we had sales to two customers, which individually accounted for more than 10% of our total revenue. Total sales to these customers represented 36% and12%, respectively, and represented 48% of total revenues. For the six months ended June 30, 2017, we had sales to three customers, which individually accounted for more than 10% of our total revenue. Total sales to these customers represented 26%, 16% and 15%, respectively, and represented 57% of total revenues.
 
Our customers in the contract manufacturing business generally consist of pharmaceutical companies, as well as cosmetic and OTC product marketers, who require product development/manufacturing support. For the three months ended June 30, 2018, approximately 67% of our contract manufacturing revenue was derived from pharmaceutical projects, as compared to 86% of total contract manufacturing revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2017. For the six months ended June 30, 2018, approximately 75% of our contract manufacturing revenue was derived from pharmaceutical projects, as compared to 85% of total contract manufacturing revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2017. None of our contract manufacturing services customers represented greater than 10% of total revenue for both the three months ended June 30, 2018 and June 30, 2017. None of our contract manufacturing services customers represented greater than 10% of total revenue for both the six months ended June 30, 2018 and June 30, 2017.

Product and Pipeline Approvals

The following is a summary of significant approvals received in 2018:

On February 14, 2018, we announced approval of an ANDA for Betamethasone Dipropionate Lotion USP (Augmented), 0.05%. This was our first approval for 2018 and our twentieth approval from our internally-developed pipeline of topical generic pharmaceutical medicines. We launched this product in May of 2018.

On March 21, 2018, we announced approval of an ANDA for Halobetasol Propionate Ointment, 0.05%. This was our second approval for 2018 and our twenty-first approval from our internally-developed pipeline of topical generic pharmaceutical medicines. We launched this product in April of 2018.

On April 6, 2018, we announced approval of an ANDA for Ciclopirox Shampoo, 1%. This was our third approval for 2018 and our twenty-second approval from our internally-developed pipeline of topical generic pharmaceutical medicines. We launched this product in May of 2018.

On April 17, 2018, we announced approval of an ANDA for Clobetasol Propionate Cream USP, 0.05%. This was our fourth approval for 2018 and our twenty-third approval from our internally-developed pipeline of topical generic pharmaceutical medicines. We launched this product in May of 2018.

On June 13, 2018, we announced approval of an ANDA for Diflorasone Diacetate Ointment, 0.05%. This was our fifth approval for 2018 and our twenty-fourth approval from our internally-developed pipeline of topical generic pharmaceutical medicines. We expect to launch this product in the third quarter of 2018.


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On June 20, 2018, we announced approval of an ANDA for Fluocinonide Gel USP, 0.05%. This was our sixth approval for 2018 and our twenty-fifth approval from our internally-developed pipeline of topical generic pharmaceutical medicines. We expect to launch this product in the third quarter of 2018.

On July 2, 2018, we announced approval of an ANDA for Lidocaine and Prilocaine Cream USP, 2.5%/2.5%. This was our seventh approval for 2018 and our twenty-sixth approval from our internally-developed pipeline of topical generic pharmaceutical medicines. We expect to launch this product in the third quarter of 2018.

On July 24, 2018, we announced approval of an ANDA for Hydrocortisone Cream USP, 2.5%. This was our eighth approval for 2018 and our twenty-seventh approval from our internally-developed pipeline of topical generic pharmaceutical medicines. We expect to launch this product in the third quarter of 2018.

On July 30, 2018, we announced approval of an ANDA for Hydrocortisone Lotion USP, 2.5%. This was our ninth approval for 2018 and our twenty-eighth approval from our internally-developed pipeline of topical generic pharmaceutical medicines. We expect to launch this product in the third quarter of 2018.


Out of Period Adjustments

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company recorded net adjustments of $0.4 million and $0.3 million, respectively, related to prior periods. The net impact of the adjustments, described below, on any prior annual or interim periods financial statements was not significant.

  Three months ended Six months ended
  June 30, 2018 June 30, 2018
Wholesale fees (Revenue) $0.9
 $0.9
Medicaid (Revenue) 0.3
 
Sales return reserve (Revenue) 
 (0.6)
Inventory adjustments (Cost of revenues) 
 0.8
Bad debt expense (Selling, general and administrative expenses) (0.8) (0.8)
  $0.4
 $0.3


 
Results of Operations
 
Three months ended June 30, 2018 compared to June 30, 2017
 
We had a net loss of $20.7 million, or $0.39 per share, for the three months ended June 30, 2018, compared to a net loss of $0.9 million, or $0.02 per share, for the three months ended June 30, 2017. Product Sales, net, include Company Product Sales and Contract Manufacturing Sales, as follows:

Revenues (in thousands):
  Three Months Ended June 30, Increase/(Decrease)
Components of Revenue: 2018 2017 $ %
Product sales, net $16,629
 $18,295
 $(1,666) (9)%
Research and development services and other income 122
 113
 9
 8 %
Total Revenues $16,751
 $18,408
 $(1,657) (9)%

Revenues were $16.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018, compared to $18.4 million for the same period in the prior year. This represents a $1.7 million decrease in 2018 from the same period in the prior year. This decrease in product sales of $1.7 million is attributed to a decrease in revenue from Zantac Injectable which represented 9% of total revenue in the second quarter of 2017, as compared to 7% of total revenue in the second quarter of 2018, Lidocaine Ointment which represented 22% of total revenue in the second quarter of 2017, as compared to 7% of total revenue in the second quarter of 2018 and contract manufacturing

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services revenue decreased quarter over quarter, from 13% of total revenue down to 9%. This was partially offset by the product launch of Hydrocortisone Butyrate Lotion. 
 
Research and development services and other income will not be consistent and will vary, from period to period, depending on the required timeline of each development project and/or agreement.


Costs and Expenses (in thousands): 
  Three Months Ended June 30, Increase/(Decrease)
  2018 2017 $ %
Cost of revenues $11,728
 $10,371
 $1,357
 13 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses 5,961
 4,706
 1,255
 27 %
Product development and research expenses 3,967
 5,113
 (1,146) (22)%
Totals costs and expenditures $21,656
 $20,190
 $1,466
 7 %

Cost of revenues increased as a percentage of total revenue to 70% for the three months ended June 30, 2018 as compared to 56% for the same period in 2017. The increase in cost of sales as a percentage of revenue was driven by new product launches as well as changes in product mix, pricing and related fees, such as wholesaler fees, in addition to customer and product mix for our contract services revenue.  For the three months ended June 30, 2018, cost of revenues also included an increase in inventory reserves of $0.5 million of costs related to the write-down of inventory and other costs. Some production inefficiencies can be attributed to the expanding of our manufacturing footprint and capacity in topical manufacturing, and adding sterile manufacturing capabilities at the existing facility.      

Selling, general and administrative expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2018 increased by $1.3 million as compared to the same period in 2017. In 2018 there were increases of $0.8 million for bad debt expense, $0.5 million increase in legal and professional fees and $0.1 million increase in salaries and related costs due to an increase in headcount.
 
Product development and research expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2018 decreased by approximately $1.1 million as compared to the same period in 2017. The decrease in product development and research expenses was primarily due to a decrease in clinical studies of $1.1 million and related testing of $0.4 million offset by an increase in GDUFA fees of $0.3 million and an increase in business insurance of $0.1 million.


Other Expense (in thousands): 
  Three Months Ended June 30, Increase/(Decrease)
  2018 2017 $ %
Debt partial extinguishment of 2019 Notes $(10,069) $
 $10,069
  %
Interest and other expense, net $(2,499) $(2,936) $(437) (15)%
Foreign currency exchange (loss) gain $(3,220) $3,822
 $(7,042) (184)%


As discussed in Note 6, on April 27, 2018, the Company entered into separate exchange agreements with certain holders of the 2019 Notes. There was a $75.1 million exchange of the 2019 Notes for 2023 Notes, which is considered a partial extinguishment, and which resulted in the acceleration of $10.1 million of non-cash interest expense in the quarter ended June 30, 2018. Interest expense decreased by $0.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018 as compared to the same period in 2017. The decrease is related to the increase in capitalized interest, from $0.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017 to $1.5 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018 (related to our facility expansion), offset by a slight increase in interest expense, amortization of debt discount and amortization of debt issuance costs of the new debt. A foreign exchange loss of $3.2 million was recorded in the three months ended June 30, 2018, primarily related to the foreign currency translation of our intercompany loans denominated in U.S. dollars to our foreign subsidiaries. Depending on the changes in foreign currency exchange rates, we will continue to record a non-cash gain or loss on translation for the remainder of the term of these loans. Due to the nature of this transaction, there is no economic benefit to the Company to hedge this transaction.

 

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Net Loss (in thousands, except per share numbers):
 Three Months Ended June 30, Increase/(Decrease)
 2018 2017 $ %
Net loss attributable to common stockholders$(20,716) $(919) $(19,797) (2,154)%
Basic and diluted loss per share$(0.39) $(0.02) $(0.37) (1,850)%
 
Net loss for the three months ended June 30, 2018 was $20.7 million as compared to $0.9 million in the same period last year. The increase in loss is due to a decrease in revenue of $1.7 million and increases in costs and expenses in 2018 of $1.5 million, an increase in interest and other expense of $9.6 million; and an increase in the foreign currency exchange loss of $7.0 million.


Six months ended June 30, 2018 compared to June 30, 2017

We had net loss of $25.5 million, or $0.48 per share, for the six months ended June 30, 2018, compared to a net loss of $0.1 million, or $0.00 per share, for the six months ended June 30, 2017, which resulted from the following:

Revenues (in thousands):

  Six Months Ended June 30, Increase/(Decrease)
Components of Revenue: 2018 2017 $ %
Product sales, net $31,163
 $38,148
 $(6,985) (18)%
Research and development services and other income 133
 151
 (18) (12)%
Total Revenues $31,296
 $38,299
 $(7,003) (18)%

Revenues were $31.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2018, compared to $38.3 million for the same period in the prior year. This represents a $7.0 million decrease in 2018 from the same period in the prior year. This decrease in product sales of $7.0 million is attributed to a decrease in revenue from Zantac Injectable which represented 14% of total revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2017, as compared to 7% of total revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2018, Lidocaine Ointment which represented 19% of total revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2017, as compared to 6% of total revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and contract manufacturing services revenue decreased year over year, from 15% of total revenue down to 9%. This was partially offset by the product launch of Hydrocortisone Butyrate Lotion. 

Research and development services and other income will not be consistent and will vary, from period to period, depending on the required timeline of each development project and/or agreement.


Costs and Expenses (in thousands):

  Six Months Ended June 30, Increase/(Decrease)
  2018 2017 $ %
Cost of revenues $21,053
 $19,328
 $1,725
 9 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses 11,321
 9,005
 2,316
 26 %
Product development and research expenses 7,358
 8,781
 (1,423) (16)%
Totals costs and expenditures $39,732
 $37,114
 $2,618
 7 %

Cost of revenues increased as a percentage of total revenue to 67% for the six months ended June 30, 2018 as compared to 50% for the same period in 2017. The increase in cost of sales as a percentage of revenue was driven by new product launches as well as changes in product mix, pricing and related fees, such as wholesaler fees, in addition to customer and product mix for our contract services revenue. For the six months ended June 30, 2018, cost of revenues also included an increase in inventory reserves of $1.4 million of costs related to inventory and raw materials that were expected to expire in less than six months, and other costs. Some production inefficiencies can be attributed to the expanding of our manufacturing footprint and capacity in topical manufacturing, and adding sterile manufacturing capabilities at the existing facility.     

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Selling, general and administrative expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2018 increased by $2.3 million as compared to the same period in 2017. In 2018 there were increases of $1.1 million in legal and professional fees, $0.8 million in bad debt expense, $0.7 million in salaries and related costs, primarily driven by a one time payment of $0.2 million (see Exhibit 33.1), $0.2 million in other costs, offset by a decrease of $0.5 million in stock based compensation related to options and restricted stock.
 
Product development and research expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2018 decreased by approximately $1.4 million as compared to the same period in 2017. The decrease in product development and research expenses was primarily due to a decrease in clinical studies of $1.4 million and related testing of $0.5 million offset by an increase in GDUFA fees of $0.3 million and an increase in business insurance of $0.2 million, due to an increase in headcount.


Other Expense (in thousands):

  Six Months Ended June 30, Increase/(Decrease)
  2018 2017 $ %
Debt partial extinguishment of 2019 Notes $(10,069) $
 $10,069
  %
Interest and other expense, net $(5,071) $(6,068) $(997) (16)%
Foreign currency exchange (loss) gain $(1,895) $4,901
 $(6,796) (139)%


As discussed in Note 6, on April 27, 2018, the Company entered into separate exchange agreements with certain holders of the 2019 Notes. There was a $75.1 million exchange of the 2019 Notes for 2023 Notes, which is considered a partial extinguishment, and which resulted in the acceleration of $10.1 million of non-cash interest expense in the quarter ended June 30, 2018. Interest expense decreased by $1.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2018 as compared to the same period in 2017. The decrease is related to the increase in capitalized interest, from $1.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017 to $2.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2018 (related to our facility expansion), offset by an increase in interest expense, amortization of debt discount and amortization of debt issuance costs of the new debt. A foreign exchange loss of $1.9 million was recorded in the six months ended June 30, 2018, as compared to a $4.9 million foreign exchange gain, recorded in the six months ended June 30, 2017, primarily related to the foreign currency translation of our intercompany loans denominated in U.S. dollars to our foreign subsidiaries. Depending on the changes in foreign currency exchange rates, we will continue to record a non-cash gain or loss on translation for the remainder of the term of these loans. Due to the nature of this transaction, there is no economic benefit to the Company to hedge this transaction.


Net Loss (in thousands, except per share numbers):
  Six Months Ended June 30, Increase/(Decrease)
  2018 2017 $ %
Net loss attributable to common stockholders $(25,518) $(88) $(25,606) %
Basic and diluted loss per share $(0.48) $0.00
 $(0.48) %

Net loss for the six months ended June 30, 2018 was $25.5 million as compared to $0.1 million in the same period last year. The increase in loss is due to a decrease in revenue of $7.0 million and increases in costs and expenses in 2018 of $2.6 million, an increase in interest and other expense of $9.1 million and an increase in the foreign currency exchange loss of $6.8 million, as noted above.

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Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
Our cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities, as reflected in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, are summarized in the following table (in thousands):
 Six Months Ended June 30,
 2018 2017
Net cash provided by (used in) 
  
Operating Activities$(12,763) $(1,307)
Investing Activities$(12,270) $(15,286)
Financing Activities$12,555
 $267
  
Operating Activities
 
Our operating activities used $12.8 million of cash in the six months ended June 30, 2018, compared to $1.3 million used during the same period last year. The cash used in operating activities for the six months ended June 30, 2018 was a result of our net loss, adjusted for $22.9 million of non-cash expenses offset by a $10.1 million change in operating assets and liabilities. The change is related to a significant decrease in accounts payable and accrued expenses resulting from payments made towards our manufacturing expansion project. The cash used in operating activities for the six months ended June 30, 2017 was a result of our net loss, adjusted for $4.6 million of non-cash expenses offset by a $5.8 million change in operating assets and liabilities.

Investing Activities
 
Our investing activities used $12.3 million during the six months ended June 30, 2018, compared to $15.3 million of cash used in investing activities during the same period last year. The funds used for both periods were for capital expenditures, mainly related to the ongoing facility expansion located in Buena, New Jersey. The decrease during the six months ended June 30, 2018 is due to the timing of payments directly related to our manufacturing expansion project.

Financing Activities
 
Our financing activities provided $12.6 million cash during the six months ended June 30, 2018, compared to $267,000 of cash provided during the six months ended June 30, 2017. In the six months ended June 30, 2018, $15.0 million was borrowed from the 2021 Term Loan, while $2.5 million was used to pay costs associated with the 2019 Notes, 2023 Notes and 2021 Term Loan. The $267,000 of cash provided in the six months ended June 30, 2017 consisted of proceeds from the exercise of options to purchase common stock.
 
Our principal sources of liquidity are cash and cash equivalents of approximately $13.7 million at June 30, 2018 and future cash from operations. Our working capital was $31.8 million at June 30, 2018.

In order to continue normal business operations and execution of the Company’s growth strategy, the Company will need to exercise its ability to significantly defer or reduce planned discretionary investments in research and development and capital projects or seek other financing alternatives. Other financing alternatives may include raising additional capital through the sale of its equity, a strategic alliance with a third party or securing debt. If additional acquisition and growth opportunities arise, external financing will be required. On May 4, 2018, the Company filed Form S-3 under the Securities Act of 1933. The S-3 registration allows the Company to issue, from time to time and at prices to be determined at or prior to the offering, up to $50 million of any combination of the securities described in the prospectus, either individually or in units should the need to raise cash arise. On June 1, 2018, the Company entered into a credit agreement for $25 million, due June 1, 2021 ('2021 Term Loan") to support the operations of the business. The first $15.0 million of loan proceeds was received on June 1, 2018. The remaining loan proceeds of $10.0 million was received on July 16, 2018.

The Company still has a portion of convertible senior notes (“2019 Notes”) due December 2019. The Company is currently evaluating alternative financing methods to assist with repayment of the 2019 Notes in addition to continued financing of major projects including the manufacturing facility in Buena. As the Company continues to review its capital and debt structure, there can be no assurance that a strategic alliance or debt financing will be available on terms acceptable to the Company, or at all. The board of directors and management of the Company intend to exhaust all options available in order to enable the Company to support its current growth strategy and operations beyond August 2019.


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Off Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
We have no significant off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that are material to our shareholders.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
 
Our condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, which require management to make estimates and assumptions about future events that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and the accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from these estimates.
 
Please refer to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 for a complete list of all Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates. See also Item 1 for our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
 

ITEM 3.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
As of June 30, 2018, our principal debt obligation was related to our 2019 and 2023 Notes. Interest accrues at a fixed rate of 3.75% on the outstanding principal amount of the 2019 Notes and is paid semi-annually every June 15 and December 15 until the 2019 Notes mature on December 15, 2019.  Interest accrues at a fixed rate of 4.75% on the outstanding principal amount of the 2023 Notes and is paid semi-annually every May 1 and November 1 until the 2023 Notes mature on May 1, 2023.  Since the interest rate is fixed, we have no market risk related to the 2019 and 2023 Notes.

Additionally, on June 1, 2018, the Company entered into a credit agreement for $25.0 million secured by all Company assets, due June 1, 2021 (“2021 Term Loan”). The first $15.0 million of loan proceeds was received on June 1, 2018. The remaining loan proceeds of $10.0 million was received on July 16, 2018. The 2021 Term Loan bears interest at a rate of LIBOR plus 9%, and is therefore subject to market risk.
 
Our financial instruments include cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and the Notes. The fair values of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate book value because of the short maturity of these instruments.  Based on the closing price of our common stock as of June 30, 2018, the fair value of our Notes was approximately $115.3 million compared to their face value of $143.75 million as of June 30, 2018.  However, this variance is due to the conversion feature in the Notes rather than to changes in market interest rates.  As noted above, the Notes carry a fixed interest rate and therefore do not subject us to interest rate risk.

At June 30, 2018, the majority of our cash and cash equivalents was invested in overnight instruments, the interest rates of which may change daily.  Accordingly, these overnight investments are subject to market risk.
 
ITEM 4.    Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
Based on the evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) required by Rules 13a-15(b) or 15d-15(b) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer have concluded that the Company has not maintained effective controls due to material weaknesses in internal control over financial reporting described in Part II, Item 9A of our 2017 Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017. These material weaknesses remain unremediated as of June 30, 2018. Furthermore, management also concluded that the Company has not maintained effective controls over the transition and implementation of the new accounting standard related to revenue recognition in the first quarter of 2018.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There was no change in our internal control over financial reporting during our second quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting. However, as noted below, we have begun to implement changes to our internal control over financial reporting to address the material weakness described above.

Remediation Plan for Material Weaknesses in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

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Remediation

To remediate the material weaknesses, the Company has begun to implement new procedures and employ additional resources, including the following:
Hiring new team members and engaging external resources with significant prior experience with systems similar to the Company's new ERP system to provide additional capacity, analytical and functional capabilities, and cross-training.
Implementing business process improvements, that are anticipated to both strengthen controls governing management review and approvals and enable a more efficient and effective month end close.
Conducting regular reviews of all information system access to validate that access is appropriate and appropriate segregation of duties exist.
Hired a new senior leader in one of its foreign affiliates who, among other responsibilities, will ensure customer contract terms are reviewed with key members of the Finance Department on a timely basis to ensure customer price concessions are reflected appropriately in the financial records.
Establishing formal policies and procedures for the accounting and internal audit function.
Developing policies and procedures addressing the internal control framework of the Company’s ERP service provider.
PART II
OTHER INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.    Legal Proceedings
 
We are involved from time to time in claims which arise in the ordinary course of business. In the opinion of management, we have made adequate provision for potential liabilities, if any, arising from any such matters. However, litigation is inherently unpredictable, and the costs and other effects of pending or future litigation, governmental investigations, legal and administrative cases and proceedings (whether civil or criminal), settlements, judgments and investigations, claims and changes in any such matters, and developments or assertions by or against us relating to intellectual property rights and intellectual property licenses, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and operating results.

To date, twelve putative class action antitrust lawsuits have been filed against us along with co-defendants, including Taro Pharmaceuticals U.S.A., Inc. and Perrigo New York Inc. One “opt-out” action has additionally been filed against us along with thirty five generic manufacturer co-defendants regarding the pricing of econazole nitrate cream and twenty nine additional drug products not manufactured or sold by us. All actions have been transferred by the Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation to the Eastern District of Pennsylvania for pre-trial proceedings as part of the In re Generic Pharmaceuticals Pricing Antitrust Litigation matter, and the class actions have been consolidated into direct purchaser, end payer and indirect reseller actions.

The class plaintiffs seek to represent nationwide or state classes consisting of persons who directly purchased, indirectly purchased, paid, and/or reimbursed patients for the purchase of generic econazole from July 1, 2014 until the time the defendants’ allegedly unlawful conduct ceased or will cease.

The opt-out plaintiffs allege a conspiracy by thirty six generic manufacturers to fix prices for thirty drug products including econazole nitrate cream, in violation of federal antitrust laws. The opt-out plaintiffs seek treble damages for alleged price overcharges for the thirty drug products identified in the complaint during the alleged period of conspiracy, and also seek injunctive relief against the defendants.

All of these cases are in their initial stages and motions to dismiss have been filed with respect to each of the complaints. Due to the early stage of these cases, we are unable to form a judgment at this time as to whether an unfavorable outcome is either probable or remote or to provide an estimate of the amount or range of potential loss. We believe these cases are without merit, and we intend to vigorously defend against these claims.

On October 20, 2017, a Demand for Arbitration was filed with the American Arbitration Association by Stayma Consulting Services, Inc. (“Stayma”) against us regarding our development and manufacture for Stayma of two generic drug products, one a lotion and one a cream, containing 0.05% of the active pharmaceutical ingredient flurandrenolide. We developed the two products and Stayma purchased commercial quantities of each; however, Stayma now alleges that we breached agreements between the parties by developing an additional and different generic drug product, an ointment, containing flurandrenolide, and failing to meet certain contractual requirements. Stayma seeks monetary damages. Because discovery in this matter is ongoing, we are unable to form a

34



judgment at this time as to whether an unfavorable outcome is either probable or remote or to provide an estimate of the amount or range of potential loss. We believe this case is without merit, and we intend to vigorously defend against these claims. We filed a counter-claim against Stayma for its failure to pay several past due invoices of approximately $1.7 million relating to the development and commercial supply of the two subject products.
 

ITEM 1A.    Risk Factors
 
Part I, Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 includes a detailed discussion of risks and uncertainties which could adversely affect our future results. Except as set forth below, the risks described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 have not materially changed.
 
Risks Related to Our Business 

We have a history of losses and cannot assure you that we will become profitable, and as a result, we may have to cease operations and liquidate our business.
 
With the exception of 2015 and the three month period ended March 31, 2017, our expenses have exceeded our revenue in each of the last 12 years, and no net income has been available to common stockholders during each of these years. As of June 30, 2018, our stockholders’ equity was $39.1 million and we had an accumulated deficit of $85.6 million. Our future profitability depends on revenue exceeding expenses, but we cannot assure you that this will occur. If we do not become profitable or continue to raise external financing, we could be forced to curtail operations and sell or liquidate our business, and you could lose some or all of your investment.

We rely on a limited number of customers for a large portion of our revenues.
 
We depend on a limited number of customers for a large portion of our revenue. Two of our customers accounted for 47% of our revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2018, and three of our customers accounted for 55% of our revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2017. For the six months ended June 30, 2018, two of our customers accounted for 48% of our revenue and for the six months ended June 30, 2017, three of our customers accounted for 57% of our revenue. The loss of one or more of these customers could have a significant impact on our revenues and harm our business and results of operations.

Due to concentration of sales in a limited number of products, our business will be materially adversely affected if these products do not perform as well as expected.

We expect to generate a significant portion of our total revenues and gross margin from the sale of a limited number of products. While we continue to diversify our product portfolio, two of our products accounted for 14% of our revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2018. Any material adverse developments, including increased competition, loss of customers, pricing pressures and supply shortages, with respect to the sale or use of our products and prospective products, or our failure to successfully introduce such products, could have a material adverse effect on our revenues and gross margin.

If we fail to maintain an effective system of internal control over financial reporting, we may not be able to accurately report our financial results, and current and potential stockholders may lose confidence in our financial reporting.

We are required by the SEC to establish and maintain adequate internal control over financial reporting that provides reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of our financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. We are likewise required, on a quarterly basis, to evaluate the effectiveness of our internal controls and to disclose any changes and material weaknesses in those internal controls.

As disclosed elsewhere herein, in connection with our financial review management concluded that a material weakness related to the Company not having adequate personnel and resources in place for its implementation of a new ERP existed, and consequently, the same financial reporting personnel were not able to perform a timely and effective review of our period-end closing process.

Since the determination regarding this material weakness, we have devoted, and will continue to devote, significant effort and resources to the remediation and improvement of our internal control over financial reporting. Our plans include the following: new internal and external personnel, new business process improvements and a review of relevant training. The elements of our remediation plan can only be accomplished over time and we can offer no assurance that these initiatives will ultimately have the intended effects. Any failure to maintain such internal controls could adversely impact our ability to report our financial results

35



on a timely and accurate basis. If our financial statements are not accurate, investors may not have a complete understanding of our operations, which may have a material adverse effect on our business.

We are subject to stringent regulatory requirements. Failure to adhere to such requirements could harm our business and results of operations. 

In the United States, we and our suppliers of raw materials are also subject to regulation under the Occupational Safety and Health Act, the Toxic Substances Control Act, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act and other current and potential future federal, state or local regulations. Failure to adhere to such regulations, by either us or our suppliers, could harm our business and results of operations. In addition, our analytical department uses certain hazardous materials and chemicals in limited and controlled quantities. We have implemented safety procedures for handling and disposing of such materials, however, such procedures may not comply with the standards prescribed by federal, state and local regulations. Even if we follow such safety procedures for handling and disposing of hazardous materials and chemicals and such procedures comply with applicable law, the risk of accidental contamination or injury from these materials cannot be completely eliminated. In the event of such an accident, we could be held liable for any damages and any such liability could exceed our resources. 

Our operations and properties are also subject to a wide variety of increasingly complex and stringent federal, state and local environmental laws and regulations, including those governing the remediation of contaminated soil and groundwater. Such environmental laws may apply to conditions at properties and facilities presently or formerly owned or operated by us, as well as to conditions at properties at which wastes or other contamination attributable to us have been sent or otherwise come to be located. One of our facilities has undergone remediation of environmental contamination, and one of our facilities is currently undergoing remediation of environmental contamination. The total estimated costs for the clean-up and remediation is $0.9 million as of June 30, 2018, and remaining costs accrued at June 30, 2018 totaled $0.1 million. Based on information provided to us from our environmental consultants and what is known to date, we believe the reserves are sufficient for the remaining remediation of the environmental contamination. There is a possibility, however, that the remediation costs may exceed our estimates. In addition, we can give no assurance that the future cost of compliance with existing environmental laws will not give rise to additional significant expenditures or liabilities that would be material to us. Future events, such as new information, changes in existing environmental laws or their interpretation, and more vigorous enforcement policies of federal, state or local regulatory agencies, may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. 

In Canada, we and our suppliers of raw materials are also subject to regulation under Hazardous Products Act, Controlled Products Regulations, Consumer Product Safety Act, Canadian Environmental Protection Act and other current and potential future federal, provincial/territorial or local regulations. Failure to adhere to such regulations, by either us or our suppliers, could harm our business and results of operations. In addition, our analytical department uses certain hazardous materials and chemicals in limited and controlled quantities. We have implemented safety procedures for handling and disposing of such materials, however, such procedures may not comply with the standards prescribed by federal, provincial/territorial and local regulations. Even if we follow such safety procedures for handling and disposing of hazardous materials and chemicals and such procedures comply with applicable law, the risk of accidental contamination or injury from these materials cannot be completely eliminated. In the event of such an accident, we could be held liable for any damages and any such liability could exceed our resources. 

Future events, such as new information, changes in existing environmental laws or their interpretation, and more vigorous enforcement policies of federal, provincial/territorial or local regulatory agencies, may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
Significant balances of intangible assets, including goodwill, are subject to impairment testing and may result in impairment charges, which may materially and adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition. 

A significant amount of our total assets is related to goodwill and intangible assets. As of June 30, 2018, the value of our goodwill and intangible assets net of accumulated amortization was $53.4 million. Goodwill and other intangible assets are tested for impairment annually when events occur or circumstances change that could potentially reduce the fair value of the reporting unit or intangible asset. Impairment testing compares the fair value of the reporting unit or intangible asset to its carrying amount. Any future goodwill or other intangible asset impairment, if any, would be recorded in operating income and could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

Our ability to use our net operating loss carry forwards and certain other tax attributes may be limited. 

As of December 31, 2017, we had U.S. federal net operating losses (NOLs) of approximately $41.7 million which will expire from 2020 through 2037. The use of these NOLs may be limited in future years under IRC Section 382 which imposes an annual limitation on the amount of taxable income that can be offset by NOL carryovers and certain built in losses (collectively referred

36



to as Pre-change Losses) that are attributable to the period preceding an ownership change. Under Code Section 382, an ownership change occurs when one or more “Five-percent Shareholders” increase their ownership in the corporation’s stock, in the aggregate, by more than fifty percentage points during a three-year testing period. An ownership change as defined by Code Section 382 occurred during 2010 and triggered a limitation under Code Section 382 on the usage of an aggregated $23.3 million of NOLs at the change date. We estimate that the annual limitation on such NOLs aggregates from $1.0 million to $2.3 million per year including the effect of amortization of built in gains. Net Operating Losses since the 2010 change date aggregate $23.1 million and we do not believe that these NOLs are subject to limitation. Limitation NOLs utilized aggregated $4.7 million as of December 31, 2017.

Currency fluctuations and changes in exchange rates could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, and/or common stock price.
 
Although we report our financial results in U.S. Dollars, a portion of our revenues and other liabilities and our costs are denominated in non-U.S. currencies, including the Euro and Canadian Dollar. Our results of operations and, in some cases, cash flows, have in the past been and may in the future be adversely affected by certain movements in currency exchange rates. The occurrence of any of the above risks could cause a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, and/or share price.

The Company is exposed to market risk from fluctuations in currency exchange rates.

The Company operates in multiple jurisdictions denominated in currencies of the local jurisdiction. Additionally, the Company
may enter into acquisition, licensing, borrowing or other financial transactions that may give rise to currency exposure. Since
the Company cannot, with certainty, foresee and mitigate against such adverse fluctuations, fluctuations in currency exchange
rates could negatively affect the Company’s results of operations, financial position and cash flows.

We have identified material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting, and if we are unable to satisfy regulatory requirements relating to internal controls, our stock price could suffer.
 
Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 requires companies to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of the effectiveness of their internal control over financial reporting. At the end of each fiscal year, we must perform an evaluation of our internal control over financial reporting, include in our annual report the results of the evaluation and have our external auditors also publicly attest to the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting. We have identified material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting, and if additional material weaknesses are found in our internal controls in the future, if we fail to remediate our existing material weaknesses, if we fail to complete future evaluations on time or if our external auditors cannot attest to the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting, we could fail to meet our regulatory reporting requirements and be subject to regulatory scrutiny and a loss of public confidence in our internal controls, which could have an adverse effect on our stock price.

We have identified material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting, which could continue to impact negatively our ability to report our results of operations and financial condition accurately and in a timely manner.
 
As required by Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, management has conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting at June 30, 2018. We identified a number of material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting and concluded that, as of June 30, 2018, we did not maintain effective control over financial reporting based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. For a detailed description of these material weaknesses, see Item 9A, "Controls and Procedures." Each of our material weaknesses results in more than a remote likelihood that a material misstatement of the annual or interim financial statements that we prepare will not be prevented or detected. As a result, we must perform extensive additional work to obtain reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of our financial statements. As described in Item 4, "Controls and Procedures" we restated our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2017. Moreover, other material weaknesses may be identified.
 
We are in the process of remedying all of the identified material weaknesses, and this work will continue during fiscal 2018 and beyond. For a detailed description of our remedial efforts, see Item 4, "Controls and Procedures." There can be no assurance as to when all of the material weaknesses will be remedied. Until our remedial efforts are completed, management will continue to devote significant time and attention to these efforts, and we will continue to incur expenses associated with the additional procedures and resources required to prepare our Consolidated Financial Statements. Certain of our remedial actions, such as hiring additional qualified personnel to implement our reconciliation and review procedures, will be ongoing and will result in our incurring additional costs even after our material weaknesses are remedied.

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If we are unsuccessful in implementing or following our remediation plan, or fail to update our internal control over financial reporting as our business evolves or to integrate acquired businesses into our controls system, we may not be able to timely or accurately report our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows or to maintain effective disclosure controls and procedures. If we are unable to report financial information in a timely and accurate manner or to maintain effective disclosure controls and procedures, we could be subject to, among other things, regulatory or enforcement actions by the SEC, an inability for us to be accepted for listing on any national securities exchange in the near future, securities litigation and a general loss of investor confidence, any one of which could adversely affect our business prospects and the market value of our Common Stock. Further, there are inherent limitations to the effectiveness of any system of controls and procedures, including the possibility of human error and the circumvention or overriding of the controls and procedures. We could face additional litigation exposure and a greater likelihood of an SEC enforcement or other regulatory action if further restatements were to occur or other accounting-related problems emerge. In addition, any future restatements or other accounting-related problems may adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

Risks Related to our Indebtedness
 
Our substantial indebtedness could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition or results of operations and prevent us from fulfilling our obligations under the Notes.
 
As of June 30, 2018, our total consolidated net indebtedness was $129.5 million. Our substantial level of indebtedness coupled with our net loss increases the possibility that we may be unable to generate cash sufficient to pay, when due, the principal of, interest on, or other amounts due in respect of our indebtedness. Our substantial indebtedness, combined with our other financial obligations and contractual commitments, may have a material adverse impact on us. For example, it could

make it difficult for us to satisfy our obligations with respect to our outstanding and other future debt obligations;
increase our vulnerability to general adverse economic conditions or a downturn in the industries in which we operate;
impair our ability to obtain additional financing in the future for working capital, investments, acquisitions and other general corporate purposes;
require us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flows to the payment to our financing sources, thereby reducing the availability of our cash flows to fund working capital, investments, acquisitions and other general corporate purposes; and
place us at a disadvantage compared to our competitors.

Risks Related to Our Securities
 
Shares of our common stock are relatively illiquid which may affect the trading price of our common stock.
 
For the six months ended June 30, 2018, the average daily trading volume of our common stock on the NASDAQ Global Select Market was approximately 693,254 shares. As a result of our relatively small public float, our common stock may be less liquid than the stock of companies with broader public ownership. Among other things, trading of a relatively small volume of our common stock may have a greater impact on the trading price for our shares than would be the case if our public float were larger.

ITEM 2.    Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
 
None.
 
ITEM 3.    Defaults Upon Senior Securities
 
None.
 
ITEM 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures

None. 

ITEM 5.    Other Information
 
None.

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ITEM 6.    Exhibits

Exhibit Number Description
   
31.1* 
   
31.2* 
   
32.1* 
   
32.2* 
   
33.1* 
   
10.1* 
   
101* The following financial information from this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2018, formatted in XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language): (i) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations; (ii) the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets; (iii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows; (iv) the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income(Loss); (v) the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Equity; and (vi) the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, tagged as blocks of text.
 
* Filed herewith.

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SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 Teligent, Inc.
   
Date: August 9, 2018By:/s/   Jason Grenfell-Gardner
  Jason Grenfell-Gardner
  President and Chief Executive Officer
   
Date: August 9, 2018By:/s/   Damian Finio
  Damian Finio
  Chief Financial Officer
 
Exhibit Index
 
Exhibit Number Description
   
31.1* 
   
31.2* 
   
32.1* 
   
32.2* 
   
33.1* 
   
10.1* 
   
101* 
The following financial information from this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2018, formatted in XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language): (i) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations; (ii) the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets; (iii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows; (iv) the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income(Loss); (v) the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Equity; and (vi) the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, tagged as blocks of text.
 
* Filed herewith.


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