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GATX (GATX)

Filed: 26 Oct 18, 2:38pm


     
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
__________________________________________ 
FORM 10-Q
__________________________________________  
xQUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018
or
¨TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number: 1-2328
image0a04a01a23.jpg
GATX Corporation
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
New York36-1124040
(State of incorporation)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
233 South Wacker Drive
Chicago, Illinois 60606-7147
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)
(312) 621-6200
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 xLarge accelerated filer ¨Smaller reporting company
 ¨Non-accelerated filer ¨Emerging growth company
 ¨Accelerated filer   
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

Common shares outstanding were 37.6 million at September 30, 2018.
     





GATX CORPORATION
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT FOR THE PERIOD ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2018

INDEX





FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Statements in this report not based on historical facts are “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and, accordingly, involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties that are difficult to predict and could cause our actual results, performance, or achievements to differ materially from those discussed. These include statements as to our future expectations, beliefs, plans, strategies, objectives, events, conditions, financial performance, prospects, or future events. In some cases, forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of words such as “may,” “could,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “seek,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “predict,” “potential,” “outlook,” “continue,” “likely,” “will,” “would”, and similar words and phrases. Forward-looking statements are necessarily based on estimates and assumptions that, while considered reasonable by us and our management, are inherently uncertain. Accordingly, you should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date they are made, and are not guarantees of future performance. We do not undertake any obligation to publicly update or revise these forward-looking statements.

A detailed discussion of the known material risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results and events to differ materially from such forward-looking statements is included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, and in our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). The following factors, in addition to those discussed under "Risk Factors", in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, could cause actual results to differ materially from our current expectations expressed in forward looking statements:
exposure to damages, fines, criminal and civil penalties, and reputational harm arising from a negative outcome in litigation, including claims arising from an accident involving our railcars
inability to maintain our assets on lease at satisfactory rates due to oversupply of railcars in the market or other changes in supply and demand
a significant decline in customer demand for our railcars or other assets or services, including as a result of:
weak macroeconomic conditions
weak market conditions in our customers' businesses
declines in harvest or production volumes
adverse changes in the price of, or demand for, commodities
changes in railroad operations or efficiency
changes in supply chains
availability of pipelines, trucks, and other alternative modes of transportation
other operational or commercial needs or decisions of our customers
higher costs associated with increased railcar assignments following non-renewal of leases, customer defaults, and compliance maintenance programs or other maintenance initiatives
events having an adverse impact on assets, customers, or regions where we have a concentrated investment exposure
financial and operational risks associated with long-term railcar purchase commitments, including increased costs due to tariffs or trade disputes
reduced opportunities to generate asset remarketing income
 
operational and financial risks related to our affiliate investments, including the Rolls-Royce & Partners Finance joint ventures (collectively the "RRPF affiliates")
the impact of changes to the Internal Revenue Code as a result of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the "Tax Act"), and uncertainty as to how this legislation will be interpreted and applied.
fluctuations in foreign exchange rates
failure to successfully negotiate collective bargaining agreements with the unions representing a substantial portion of our employees
asset impairment charges we may be required to recognize
deterioration of conditions in the capital markets, reductions in our credit ratings, or increases in our financing costs
competitive factors in our primary markets, including competitors with a significantly lower cost of capital than GATX
risks related to our international operations and expansion into new geographic markets, including the imposition of new or additional tariffs, quotas, or trade barriers
changes in, or failure to comply with, laws, rules, and regulations
inability to obtain cost-effective insurance
environmental remediation costs
inadequate allowances to cover credit losses in our portfolio
inability to maintain and secure our information technology infrastructure from cybersecurity threats and related disruption of our business

1


PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
GATX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited)
(In millions, except share data)
 September 30 December 31
 2018 2017
Assets   
Cash and Cash Equivalents   
$254.5
 $296.5
Restricted Cash   
4.1
 3.2
Receivables   
Rent and other receivables85.2
 83.4
Finance leases129.0
 136.1
Less: allowance for losses(6.5) (6.4)
 207.7
 213.1
    
Operating Assets and Facilities9,262.9
 9,045.4
Less: allowance for depreciation(2,965.0) (2,853.3)
 6,297.9
 6,192.1
Investments in Affiliated Companies   
478.5
 441.0
Goodwill   
83.6
 85.6
Other Assets   
191.1
 190.9
Total Assets   
$7,517.4
 $7,422.4
    
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity   
Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses   
$152.8
 $154.3
Debt   
Commercial paper and borrowings under bank credit facilities
 4.3
Recourse4,397.3
 4,371.7
Capital lease obligations11.6
 12.5
 4,408.9
 4,388.5
Deferred Income Taxes   
890.7
 853.7
Other Liabilities   
227.0
 233.2
Total Liabilities   
5,679.4
 5,629.7
Shareholders’ Equity   
Common stock, $0.625 par value:
Authorized shares — 120,000,000
Issued shares — 67,325,950 and 67,083,149
Outstanding shares — 37,632,377 and 37,895,641
41.6
 41.6
Additional paid in capital703.6
 698.0
Retained earnings2,387.0
 2,261.7
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(157.8) (109.6)
Treasury stock at cost (29,693,573 and 29,187,508 shares)(1,136.4) (1,099.0)
Total Shareholders’ Equity   
1,838.0
 1,792.7
Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity$7,517.4
 $7,422.4
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

2


GATX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (Unaudited)
(In millions, except per share data)
 Three Months Ended
September 30
 Nine Months Ended
September 30
 2018 2017 2018 2017
Revenues       
Lease revenue$271.9
 $276.6
 $816.1
 $823.4
Marine operating revenue60.8
 62.9
 130.8
 135.0
Other revenue17.0
 20.1
 57.6
 65.7
Total Revenues349.7
 359.6
 1,004.5
 1,024.1
Expenses       
Maintenance expense77.5
 84.9
 240.7
 247.7
Marine operating expense39.4
 38.9
 89.5
 89.8
Depreciation expense81.6
 78.6
 240.1
 227.9
Operating lease expense11.8
 15.8
 37.5
 46.8
Other operating expense8.5
 8.5
 26.2
 25.9
Selling, general and administrative expense46.5
 42.5
 137.6
 127.8
Total Expenses265.3
 269.2
 771.6
 765.9
Other Income (Expense)       
Net gain on asset dispositions10.3
 9.4
 72.5
 56.3
Interest expense, net(42.6) (40.2) (124.7) (119.4)
Other expense(3.8) (2.4) (14.9) (5.5)
Income before Income Taxes and Share of Affiliates’ Earnings   
48.3
 57.2
 165.8
 189.6
Income taxes(13.1) (20.4) (42.8) (60.3)
Share of affiliates’ earnings, net of taxes11.8
 12.2
 39.1
 30.6
Net Income    
$47.0
 $49.0
 $162.1
 $159.9
Other Comprehensive Income, Net of Taxes       
Foreign currency translation adjustments(4.7) 15.4
 (40.2) 74.0
Unrealized gain on derivative instruments1.6
 0.7
 2.3
 3.6
Post-retirement benefit plans5.3
 1.4
 9.1
 4.1
Other comprehensive income (loss)2.2
 17.5
 (28.8) 81.7
Comprehensive Income   
$49.2
 $66.5
 $133.3
 $241.6
        
Share Data       
Basic earnings per share$1.25
 $1.27
 $4.29
 $4.10
Average number of common shares37.7
 38.6
 37.8
 39.0
        
Diluted earnings per share$1.22
 $1.25
 $4.21
 $4.04
Average number of common shares and common share equivalents38.5
 39.2
 38.5
 39.6
        
Dividends declared per common share$0.44
 $0.42
 $1.32
 $1.26
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

3


GATX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
(In millions)
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 2018 2017
Operating Activities   
Net income$162.1
 $159.9
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:   
Depreciation expense253.3
 238.5
Change in accrued operating lease expense(2.2) (21.2)
Net gains on sales of assets(70.9) (48.4)
Deferred income taxes28.0
 44.8
Change in income taxes payable(0.4) (4.9)
Share of affiliates’ earnings, net of dividends(39.0) (22.0)
Other10.4
 (28.9)
Net cash provided by operating activities341.3
 317.8
Investing Activities   
Additions to operating assets and facilities(536.7) (422.4)
Investments in affiliates
 (36.6)
Portfolio investments and capital additions(536.7) (459.0)
Purchases of leased-in assets(66.6) (93.2)
Portfolio proceeds198.6
 131.0
Proceeds from sales of other assets28.5
 24.3
Proceeds from sale-leasebacks59.2
 90.6
Other2.7
 (0.2)
Net cash used in investing activities(314.3) (306.5)
Financing Activities   
Net proceeds from issuances of debt (original maturities longer than 90 days)297.1
 297.5
Repayments of debt (original maturities longer than 90 days)(263.1) (301.5)
Net decrease (increase) in debt with original maturities of 90 days or less(4.2) 11.1
Stock repurchases(37.4) (75.0)
Dividends(52.7) (51.8)
Other(3.6) (2.9)
Net cash used in financing activities(63.9) (122.6)
Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash and Cash Equivalents   
(4.2) 3.1
Net decrease in Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash during the period(41.1) (108.2)
Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash at beginning of period299.7
 311.1
Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash at end of period$258.6
 $202.9
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

4

GATX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)



NOTE 1. Description of Business

As used herein, "GATX," "we," "us," "our," and similar terms refer to GATX Corporation and its subsidiaries, unless indicated otherwise.

We lease, operate, manage, and remarket long-lived, widely-used assets, primarily in the rail market. We report our financial results through four primary business segments: Rail North America, Rail International, Portfolio Management, and American Steamship Company (“ASC”).

NOTE 2. Basis of Presentation

We prepared the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP") for interim financial information and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, our unaudited consolidated financial statements do not include all of the information and footnotes required for complete financial statements. We have included all of the normal recurring adjustments that we deemed necessary for a fair presentation. Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the 2018 presentation.

Operating results for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results we may achieve for the entire year ending December 31, 2018. In particular, ASC's fleet is inactive for a significant portion of the first quarter of each year due to winter conditions on the Great Lakes. In addition, asset remarketing income does not occur evenly throughout the year. For more information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.

New Accounting Pronouncements Adopted
Standard/DescriptionEffective Date and Adoption ConsiderationsEffect on Financial Statements or Other Significant Matters
Revenue from Contracts with Customers

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2014-09,
Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which supersedes most current revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance. Subsequently, the FASB has issued updates which provide additional implementation guidance. The new guidance requires companies to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration it expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services.


We adopted this guidance in the first quarter of 2018 applying the modified retrospective approach.


We have completed our review of all revenue sources in scope for the new standard, and marine operating revenue is our largest component. In accordance with the new standard, the basis for determining revenue and expenses allocable to in-process shipments has been modified; however, the impact does not have a material impact on our financial statements. The net cumulative effect adjustment for this change was immaterial to retained earnings as of January 1, 2018.
Financial Instruments

In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-01,
Financial Instruments - Overall (Topic 825): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities, which modifies the accounting and reporting requirements for certain equity securities and financial liabilities.


We adopted the new guidance in the first quarter of 2018.


The application of this new guidance did not impact our financial statements or related disclosures.

5

GATX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) (Continued)


New Accounting Pronouncements Adopted (Continued)
Standard/DescriptionEffective Date and Adoption ConsiderationsEffect on Financial Statements or Other Significant Matters
Income Taxes

In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-16, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory, which modifies how an entity will recognize the income tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset when the transfer occurs.


We adopted the new guidance in the first quarter of 2018, applying the modified retrospective method.


The application of this new guidance had an immaterial impact on our financial statements and related disclosures, including the net cumulative effect adjustment recorded in retained earnings as of January 1, 2018.
Compensation

In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-07,
Compensation - Retirement Benefits (Topic 715): Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost, which modifies how an entity must present service costs and other components of net benefit cost.


We adopted the new guidance in the first quarter of 2018, applying the retrospective method. The optional practical expedient was elected.


Application of the new guidance had an immaterial impact on the presentation of our financial statements as certain components of our net periodic pension and other post-retirement benefits costs were reclassified to an alternative income statement line.
Deferred Income Tax

In Decem
ber 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-15, Codification Improvements to Topic 995, U.S. Steamship Entities, which supersedes obsolete guidance in Topic 995 on unrecognized deferred taxes related to certain statutory reserve deposits. If an entity has unrecognized deferred income taxes related to statutory deposits made on or before December 15, 1992, the entity would be required to recognize the unrecognized income taxes in accordance with Topic 740.


We elected to early adopt this new guidance in the first quarter of 2018, applying the modified retrospective method.


The application of this new guidance had an immaterial impact on our financial statements and related disclosures, including the net cumulative effect adjustment recorded in retained earnings as of January 1, 2018.
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-02,
Income Statement Reporting - Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income, which permits reclassification of certain stranded tax effects from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income to Retained Earnings. The amount of the reclassification is calculated on the basis of the difference between the historical and newly enacted tax rates recorded for the applicable AOCI components.


We adopted the new guidance in the first quarter of 2018.


The application of this new guidance resulted in the reclassification of stranded tax effects resulting from the newly enacted Tax Act of $19.4 million from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income to Retained Earnings.


6

GATX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) (Continued)


New Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
Standard/DescriptionEffective Date and Adoption ConsiderationsEffect on Financial Statements or Other Significant Matters
Leases

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02,
Leases (Topic 842), which supersedes most current lease guidance. The FASB subsequently issued ASU 2018-10 and ASU 2018-11, Lease (Topic 842), for codification and targeted improvements to the standard. The new guidance requires companies to recognize most leases on the balance sheet and modifies accounting, presentation, and disclosure for both lessors and lessees.


The new guidance is effective for us in the first quarter of 2019 with early adoption permitted.

We plan to adopt this guidance on January 1, 2019, using a modified retrospective transition method with a cumulative effect adjustment upon adoption, and we expect to utilize the package of optional practical expedients as provided in the standard.


We continue to assess the effect the new guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures. The adoption of the amended lease guidance will require us to recognize right of use assets and lease liabilities on our balance sheet attributable to operating leases for railcars, offices, and certain equipment. We are in the process of completing our analysis to determine applicable amounts.
Credit Losses

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which modifies how entities will measure credit losses.


The new guidance is effective for us in the first quarter of 2020, with early adoption permitted.


We are evaluating the effect the new guidance will have on our financial statements and related disclosures.
Derivatives and Hedging

In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities, which expands and refines hedge accounting for both financial and non-financial risk components, aligns the recognition and presentation of the effects of hedging instruments and hedge items in the financial statements, and includes certain targeted improvements to ease the application of current guidance related to the assessment of hedge effectiveness.


The update to the standard is effective for us beginning in the first quarter of 2019, with early adoption permitted in any interim period.


We do not expect the new guidance to have a significant impact on our financial statements or related disclosures.
Compensation
 
In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07,
Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which modifies the accounting for nonemployee share-based payments.


The new guidance is effective for us in the first quarter of 2019, with early adoption permitted in any interim period.


We are evaluating the effect the new guidance will have on our financial statements and related disclosures.

7

GATX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) (Continued)



NOTE 3. Revenue

Adoption of Accounting Standards Codification Topic 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers”

In the first quarter of 2018, we adopted Topic 606 using the modified retrospective method with respect to applicable contracts existing as of January 1, 2018. As provided in the guidance, we recognize marine operating revenue in the amount that corresponds directly to the value transferred to the customer. Contract assets and liabilities related to our customer performance obligations are not material to our financial statements. Results for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2018 are presented under Topic 606, while prior period amounts have not been adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with appropriate accounting guidance. We recorded an immaterial cumulative adjustment to opening retained earnings, with the impact completely attributable to our marine operating revenue.

Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to our customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services.

We disaggregate revenue into three categories as presented on our income statement:

Lease Revenue

Lease revenue, which includes operating lease revenue and finance lease revenue, is our primary source of revenue which continues to be within the scope of existing lease guidance. Therefore, the adoption of Topic 606 had no impact on our recognition or presentation of lease revenue.

Operating Lease Revenue

We lease railcars and other operating assets under full-service and net operating leases. We price full-service leases as an integrated service that includes amounts related to executory costs, such as maintenance, insurance, and ad valorem taxes. We do not offer stand-alone maintenance service contracts and are unable to separate executory costs from full-service lease revenue. Operating lease revenue, including amounts related to executory costs, is recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the underlying lease. As a result, we may not recognize lease revenue in the same period as maintenance and other executory costs, which we expense as incurred. Contingent rents are recognized when the contingency is resolved. Revenue is not recognized if collectability is not reasonably assured.

Finance Lease Revenue

In certain cases, we lease railcars and other operating assets that, at lease inception, are classified as finance leases. We recognize unearned income as lease revenue using the interest method, which produces a constant yield over the lease term. Initial unearned income is the amount that the original lease payment receivable and the estimated residual value of the leased asset exceeds the original cost or carrying value of the leased asset.

Marine Operating Revenue

We generate marine operating revenue through shipping services completed by our marine vessels. Upon adoption of Topic 606, marine operating revenue is recognized over time as the performance obligation is satisfied, beginning when cargo is loaded through its delivery and discharge. Revenue is recognized pro rata over the projected duration of each voyage, which is derived from our historical voyage data.

Other Revenue

Other revenue comprises customer liability repair revenue, utilization income, fee income, interest on loans, and other miscellaneous revenues. Select components of other revenue are within the scope of Topic 606 but based on our assessment, we determined that our

8

GATX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) (Continued)


current revenue elements and timing for purposes of income recognition are consistent with applicable provisions in the new standard. The remaining items are considered lease components that continue to be within the scope of existing lease guidance.

NOTE 4. Fair Value Disclosure

The following tables show our assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis (in millions):
Assets
Total
September 30
2018
 
Quoted
Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
Foreign exchange rate derivatives (1)$3.2
 $
 $3.2
 $
Foreign exchange rate derivatives (2)0.2
 
 0.2
 
Liabilities

      
Interest rate derivatives (1)13.3
 
 13.3
 
Foreign exchange rate derivatives (1)21.4
 
 21.4
 
Foreign exchange rate derivatives (2)4.0
 
 4.0
 
Assets
Total
December 31
2017
 Quoted
Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
 Significant Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
 Significant Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
Foreign exchange rate derivatives (1)$1.2
 $
 $1.2
 $
Liabilities       
Interest rate derivatives (1)4.7
 
 4.7
 
Foreign exchange rate derivatives (1)27.7
 
 27.7
 
Foreign exchange rate derivatives (2)6.9
 
 6.9
 
_________
(1)Designated as hedges.
(2)Not designated as hedges.

We value derivatives using a pricing model with inputs (such as yield curves and foreign currency rates) that are observable in the market or that can be derived principally from observable market data.

Derivative instruments

Fair Value Hedges

We use interest rate swaps to manage the fixed-to-floating rate mix of our debt obligations by converting a portion of our fixed rate debt to floating rate debt. For fair value hedges, we recognize changes in fair value of both the derivative and the hedged item as interest expense. We had nine instruments outstanding with an aggregate notional amount of $500.0 million as of September 30, 2018 with maturities ranging from 2019 to 2022 and ten instruments outstanding with an aggregate notional amount of $550.0 million as of December 31, 2017 with maturities ranging from 2018 to 2022.


9

GATX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) (Continued)


Cash Flow Hedges

We use interest rate swaps to convert floating rate debt to fixed rate debt. We use Treasury rate locks and swap rate locks to hedge our exposure to interest rate risk on anticipated transactions. We also use currency swaps to hedge our exposure to fluctuations in the exchange rates of the foreign currencies in which we conduct business. We had 8 instruments outstanding with an aggregate notional amount of $291.1 million as of September 30, 2018 that mature from 2018 to 2022 and five instruments outstanding with an aggregate notional amount of $285.6 million as of December 31, 2017 with maturities ranging from 2019 to 2022. Within the next 12 months, we expect to reclassify $2.9 million ($2.2 million after-tax) of net losses on previously terminated derivatives from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to interest expense or operating lease expense, as applicable. We reclassify these amounts when interest and operating lease expense on the related hedged transactions affect earnings.

Non-designated Derivatives

We do not hold derivative financial instruments for purposes other than hedging, although certain of our derivatives are not designated as accounting hedges. We recognize changes in the fair value of these derivatives in other (income) expense immediately.

Some of our derivative instruments contain credit risk provisions that could require us to make immediate payment on net liability positions in the event that we default on certain outstanding debt obligations. The aggregate fair value of our derivative instruments with credit risk related contingent features that are in a liability position as of September 30, 2018 was $34.7 million. We are not required to post any collateral on our derivative instruments and do not expect the credit risk provisions to be triggered.

In the event that a counterparty fails to meet the terms of an interest rate swap agreement or a foreign exchange contract, our exposure is limited to the fair value of the swap, if in our favor. We manage the credit risk of counterparties by transacting with institutions that we consider financially sound and by avoiding concentrations of risk with a single counterparty. We believe that the risk of non-performance by any of our counterparties is remote.

The following table shows the impacts of our derivative instruments on our statement of comprehensive income (in millions):
    Three Months Ended
September 30
 Nine Months Ended
September 30
Derivative Designation Location of Loss (Gain) Recognized 2018 2017 2018 2017
Fair value hedges (1) Interest expense $1.0
 $0.6
 $8.6
 $1.5
Cash flow hedges Other comprehensive loss (effective portion) 2.7
 (11.1) 8.4
 (34.8)
Cash flow hedges Interest expense (effective portion reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss) 1.1
 1.7
 3.3
 5.1
Cash flow hedges Operating lease expense (effective portion reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss) 0.1
 
 0.1
 
Cash flow hedges (2) Other (income) expense (effective portion reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss) (2.2) 10.1
 (10.3) 33.8
Non-designated Other (income) expense 3.0
 (2.0) (2.7) 4.1
_________
(1)The fair value adjustments related to the underlying debt equally offset the amounts recognized in interest expense.
(2)Includes (income) expense on foreign currency derivatives that are substantially offset by foreign currency remeasurement adjustments on related hedged instruments, also recognized in Other (income) expense.


10

GATX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) (Continued)


Other Financial Instruments

The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, rent and other receivables, accounts payable, and commercial paper and bank credit facilities approximate fair value due to the short maturity of those instruments. We estimate the fair values of fixed and floating rate debt using discounted cash flow analyses that are based on interest rates currently offered for loans with similar terms to borrowers of similar credit quality. The inputs we use to estimate each of these values are classified in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy because they are directly or indirectly observable inputs.

The following table shows the carrying amounts and fair values of our other financial instruments (in millions):

 September 30, 2018 December 31, 2017
 
 
Carrying
Amount
 
Fair
Value
 
Carrying
Amount
 
Fair
Value
Liabilities       
Recourse fixed rate debt$3,998.4
 $3,935.5
 $3,971.2
 $4,089.1
Recourse floating rate debt423.8
 425.2
 426.0
 428.7

NOTE 5. Pension and Other Post-Retirement Benefits

The following table shows the components of our pension and other post-retirement benefits expense for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 (in millions):

 
 
 
 
2018
Pension
Benefits
 
2017
Pension
Benefits
 
2018
Retiree Health and Life
 2017
Retiree Health and Life
Service cost$2.0
 $1.6
 $0.1
 $
Interest cost3.7
 3.8
 0.2
 0.2
Expected return on plan assets(5.6) (5.9) 
 
Settlement expense2.1
 
 
 
Amortization of (1):       
Unrecognized prior service credit
 
 (0.1) 
Unrecognized net actuarial loss2.5
 2.2
 
 
Net periodic cost$4.7
 $1.7
 $0.2
 $0.2


11

GATX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) (Continued)


The following table shows the components of our pension and other post-retirement benefits expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 (in millions):

 
 
 
 
2018
Pension
Benefits
 
2017
Pension
Benefits
 
2018
Retiree Health and Life
 2017
Retiree Health and Life
Service cost$6.1
 $4.9
 $0.2
 $0.1
Interest cost11.1
 11.5
 0.7
 0.7
Expected return on plan assets(16.7) (17.9) 
 
Settlement expense2.1
 0.1
 
 
Amortization of (1):       
Unrecognized prior service credit
 
 (0.2) (0.1)
Unrecognized net actuarial loss (gain)7.6
 6.9
 
 (0.2)
Net periodic cost$10.2
 $5.5
 $0.7
 $0.5
________
(1) Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss.

In 2018, we adopted ASU 2017-07 which modifies how an entity must present service costs and other components of net benefit cost. See "Note 2. Basis of Presentation" for further details. In accordance with this new guidance, the service cost component of net periodic cost is recorded in the applicable operating expense line, including maintenance expense and selling, general and administrative expense in the Statements of Comprehensive Income; and the other components are recorded in other expense.

During the third quarter of 2018, we recorded a settlement accounting expense of $2.1 million attributable to certain lump-sum distributions made during the period.

NOTE 6. Share-Based Compensation

During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, we granted 320,100 non-qualified employee stock options, 61,490 restricted stock units, 58,440 performance shares, and 17,709 phantom stock units. For the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2018, total share-based compensation expense was $5.7 million and $15.4 million and the related tax benefits were $1.4 million and $3.9 million. For the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017, total share-based compensation expense was $3.4 million and $10.6 million and the related tax benefits were $1.3 million and $4.1 million.

The estimated fair value of our 2018 non-qualified employee stock option awards and related underlying assumptions are shown in the table below.
 2018
Weighted average estimated fair value$21.87
Quarterly dividend rate$0.44
Expected term of stock options and stock appreciation rights, in years4.5
Risk-free interest rate1.4%
Dividend yield2.5%
Expected stock price volatility27.9%
Present value of dividends$7.51

NOTE 7. Income Taxes

On December 22, 2017, the Tax Act was enacted, which made broad and complex changes to the U.S. tax laws. In particular, the U.S. corporation income tax rate was reduced to 21% from 35%, and a new territorial tax system was implemented that will affect the future

12

GATX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) (Continued)


U.S. taxation of earnings repatriated from our foreign subsidiaries and affiliates. Other provisions included an immediate deduction for qualified investments and limitations on the deductibility of interest expense and executive compensation. Due to our net operating loss position, these adjustments had no cash impact on our tax positions.

In 2017, we recorded a one-time non-cash net tax benefit of $315.9 million, which represented our provisional estimate of the impact of the Tax Act. This amount included a net benefit of $371.4 million associated with the re-measurement of our net deferred tax liability utilizing the lower U.S. tax rate. The Tax Act also imposed a one-time transitional repatriation tax of $57.2 million on certain undistributed earnings of our non-U.S. subsidiaries and affiliates.

We continue to evaluate the provisions of the Tax Act, and the ultimate impact may differ from this provisional estimate, due to, among other things, changes in interpretations and assumptions made by us, additional guidance that may be issued by the Internal Revenue Service and the U.S. Department of the Treasury, and actions that we may take. In addition, these estimates may change due to guidance provided by state taxing authorities and the completion of our 2017 U.S. and state income tax returns. No adjustments were made to our initial provisional estimate during the nine months ended September 30, 2018.

Our effective tax rate was 26% for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, compared to 32% for the nine months ended September 30, 2017. The difference in the effective rates for the current year compared to the prior year is primarily attributable to the reduction in the U.S. corporation income tax rate from 35% to 21%, as part of the Tax Act. Additionally, the effective tax rate was impacted by the mix of pre-tax income among domestic and foreign jurisdictions, which are taxed at different rates. Incremental tax benefits associated with share-based compensation were also recognized in each of the nine-month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.

NOTE 8. Commercial Commitments

We have entered into various commercial commitments, such as guarantees, standby letters of credit, and performance bonds, related to certain transactions. These commercial commitments require us to fulfill specific obligations in the event of third-party demands. Similar to our balance sheet investments, these commitments expose us to credit, market, and equipment risk. Accordingly, we evaluate these commitments and other contingent obligations using techniques similar to those we use to evaluate funded transactions.

The following table shows our commercial commitments (in millions):
 
September 30
2018
 
December 31
2017
Lease payment guarantees$2.7
 $4.9
Standby letters of credit and performance bonds17.4
 17.8
Total commercial commitments (1)$20.1
 $22.7
_______
(1) The carrying value of liabilities on the balance sheet for commercial commitments was $1.2 million at September 30, 2018 and $2.0 million at December 31, 2017. The expirations of these commitments range from 2019 to 2023. We are not aware of any event that would require us to satisfy any of our commitments.

Lease payment guarantees are commitments to financial institutions to make lease payments for a third party in the event they default. We reduce any liability that may result from these guarantees by the value of the underlying asset or group of assets.

We are also parties to standby letters of credit and performance bonds, which primarily relate to contractual obligations and general liability insurance coverages. No material claims have been made against these obligations, and no material losses are anticipated.

NOTE 9. Earnings per Share

We compute basic earnings per share by dividing net income available to our common shareholders by the weighted average number of shares of our common stock outstanding. We weight shares issued or reacquired for the portion of the period that they were outstanding. Our diluted earnings per share reflect the impacts of our potentially dilutive securities, which include our equity compensation awards.


13

GATX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) (Continued)


The following table shows the computation of our basic and diluted net income per common share (in millions, except per share amounts):
 Three Months Ended
September 30
 Nine Months Ended
September 30
 2018 2017 2018 2017
Numerator:       
Net income$47.0
 $49.0
 $162.1
 $159.9
        
Denominator:       
Weighted average shares outstanding - basic37.7
 38.6
 37.8
 39.0
Effect of dilutive securities:       
Equity compensation plans0.8
 0.6
 0.7
 0.6
Weighted average shares outstanding - diluted38.5
 39.2
 38.5
 39.6
Basic earnings per share$1.25
 $1.27
 $4.29
 $4.10
Diluted earnings per share$1.22
 $1.25
 $4.21
 $4.04

NOTE 10. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

The following table shows the change in components for accumulated other comprehensive loss (in millions):

 
 
 
 Foreign Currency Translation Gain (Loss) Unrealized Loss on Derivative Instruments Post-Retirement Benefit Plans Total
Balance at December 31, 2017$(10.5) $(15.5) $(83.6) $(109.6)
Change in component14.9
 (11.5) 
 3.4
Reclassification adjustments into earnings (1)
 9.3
 2.5
 11.8
Income tax effect
 0.7
 (0.6) 0.1
Reclassification adjustments into retained earnings (2)
 (3.0) (16.4) (19.4)
Balance at March 31, 2018$4.4
 $(20.0) $(98.1) $(113.7)
Change in component(50.4) 18.0
 
 (32.4)
Reclassification adjustments into earnings (1)
 (15.2) 2.5
 (12.7)
Income tax effect
 (0.6) (0.6) (1.2)
Balance at June 30, 2018$(46.0) $(17.8) $(96.2) $(160.0)
Change in component(4.7) 2.8
 4.6
 2.7
Reclassification adjustments into earnings (1)
 (1.0) 2.4
 1.4
Income tax effect
 (0.2) (1.7) (1.9)
Balance at September 30, 2018$(50.7) $(16.2) $(90.9) $(157.8)
________
(1)See "Note 4. Fair Value Disclosure" and "Note 5. Pension and Other Post-Retirement Benefits" for impacts of the reclassification adjustments on the statement of comprehensive income.
(2)
As detailed in "Note 2. Basis of Presentation", we adopted ASU 2018-02, which permits reclassification of certain stranded tax effects related to the Tax Act from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income to Retained Earnings. 


14

GATX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) (Continued)


NOTE 11. Legal Proceedings and Other Contingencies

Various legal actions, claims, assessments and other contingencies arising in the ordinary course of business are pending against GATX and certain of our subsidiaries. These matters are subject to many uncertainties, and it is possible that some of these matters could ultimately be decided, resolved or settled adversely. For a full discussion of our pending legal matters, please refer to "Note 22. Legal Proceedings and Other Contingencies" of our consolidated financial statements in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.

NOTE 12. Financial Data of Business Segments

The financial data presented below depicts the profitability, financial position, and capital expenditures of each of our business segments.

We lease, operate, manage, and remarket long-lived, widely-used assets, primarily in the rail market. We report our financial results through four primary business segments: Rail North America, Rail International, Portfolio Management, and American Steamship Company (“ASC”).

Rail North America is composed of our operations in the United States, Canada, and Mexico, as well as an affiliate investment. Rail North America primarily provides railcars pursuant to full-service leases under which it maintains the railcars, pays ad valorem taxes and insurance, and provides other ancillary services.

Rail International is composed of our operations in Europe ("GATX Rail Europe" or "GRE"), India ("Rail India"), and Russia ("Rail Russia"). GRE leases railcars to customers throughout Europe pursuant to full-service leases under which it maintains the railcars and provides value-adding services according to customer requirements.

Portfolio Management is composed primarily of our ownership in a group of joint ventures with Rolls-Royce plc that lease aircraft spare engines, as well as five liquefied gas carrying vessels (the "Norgas Vessels") and assorted other marine assets. In prior years, Portfolio Management generated leasing, marine operating, asset remarketing, and management fee income through a collection of diversified wholly owned assets and joint venture investments. In 2015, we made the decision to exit the majority of the marine investments, excluding the Norgas Vessels, within our Portfolio Management segment, including six chemical parcel tankers, a number of inland marine vessels, and our 50% interest in the Cardinal Marine joint venture, all of which had been sold as of December 31, 2017.

ASC operates the largest fleet of US-flagged vessels on the Great Lakes, providing waterborne transportation of dry bulk commodities such as iron ore, coal, limestone aggregates, and metallurgical limestone.

Segment profit is an internal performance measure used by the Chief Executive Officer to assess the performance of each segment in a given period. Segment profit includes all revenues, pre-tax earnings from affiliates, and net gains on asset dispositions that are attributable to the segments, as well as expenses that management believes are directly associated with the financing, maintenance, and operation of the revenue earning assets. Segment profit excludes selling, general and administrative expenses, income taxes, and certain other amounts not allocated to the segments. These amounts are included in Other.

We allocate debt balances and related interest expense to each segment based upon predetermined debt to equity leverage ratios. The leverage levels are 5:1 for Rail North America, 3:1 for Rail International, 1:1 for Portfolio Management, and 1.5:1 for ASC. We believe that by using this leverage and interest expense allocation methodology, each operating segment’s financial performance reflects appropriate risk-adjusted borrowing costs.




15

GATX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) (Continued)


The following tables show certain segment data for each of our business segments (in millions):



Rail North America
 

Rail International
 
Portfolio Management
 

ASC
 Other GATX Consolidated
Three Months Ended September 30, 2018 
          
Revenues           
Lease revenue$218.2
 $52.3
 $0.3
 $1.1
 $
 $271.9
Marine operating revenue
 
 3.1
 57.7
 
 60.8
Other revenue15.2
 1.8
 
 
 
 17.0
Total Revenues233.4
 54.1
 3.4
 58.8
 
 349.7
Expenses           
Maintenance expense60.6
 10.1
 
 6.8
 
 77.5
Marine operating expense
 
 4.4
 35.0
 
 39.4
Depreciation expense62.5
 13.8
 1.8
 3.5
 
 81.6
Operating lease expense11.8
 
 
 
 
 11.8
Other operating expense7.1
 1.3
 0.1
 
 
 8.5
Total Expenses142.0
 25.2
 6.3
 45.3
 
 218.8
Other Income (Expense)           
Net gain on asset dispositions9.6
 0.5
 0.2
 
 
 10.3
Interest (expense) income, net(31.8) (8.9) (2.6) (1.5) 2.2
 (42.6)
Other expense (income)(1.2) 0.2
 
 (0.1) (2.7) (3.8)
Share of affiliates' pre-tax income0.2
 
 14.3
 
 
 14.5
Segment profit (loss)$68.2
 $20.7
 $9.0
 $11.9
 $(0.5) $109.3
Less:           
Selling, general and administrative expense46.5
Income taxes (includes $2.7 related to affiliates' earnings)15.8
Net income$47.0
            
Net Gain on Asset Dispositions           
Asset Remarketing Income:           
Net gains on disposition of owned assets$6.7
 $
 $
 $
 $
 $6.7
Residual sharing income0.5
 
 0.2
 
 
 0.7
Non-remarketing net gains (1)2.4
 0.5
 
 
 
 2.9
 $9.6
 $0.5
 $0.2
 $
 $
 $10.3
            
Capital Expenditures           
Portfolio investments and capital additions$129.1
 $40.4
 $
 $
 $0.2
 $169.7
            
Selected Balance Sheet Data at September 30, 2018        
Investments in affiliated companies$3.7
 $
 $474.8
 $
 $
 $478.5
Identifiable assets$5,000.0
 $1,357.3
 $614.9
 $303.5
 $241.7
 $7,517.4
__________
(1) Includes net gains from scrapping of railcars.

16

GATX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) (Continued)






Rail North America
 

Rail International
 
Portfolio Management
 

ASC
 Other GATX Consolidated
Three Months Ended September 30, 2017           
Revenues           
Lease revenue$224.5
 $50.3
 $0.7
 $1.1
 $
 $276.6
Marine operating revenue
 
 3.8
 59.1
 
 62.9
Other revenue17.9
 2.0
 0.2
 
 
 20.1
Total Revenues242.4
 52.3
 4.7
 60.2
 
 359.6
Expenses           
Maintenance expense66.1
 11.1
 
 7.7
 
 84.9
Marine operating expense
 
 4.2
 34.7
 
 38.9
Depreciation expense60.1
 12.8
 1.7
 4.0
 
 78.6
Operating lease expense15.5
 
 
 0.3
 
 15.8
Other operating expense7.3
 1.1
 0.1
 
 
 8.5
Total Expenses149.0
 25.0
 6.0
 46.7
 
 226.7
Other Income (Expense)           
Net gain on asset dispositions8.1
 1.0
 0.3
 
 
 9.4
Interest (expense) income, net(30.5) (8.5) (2.2) (1.4) 2.4
 (40.2)
Other (expense) income(0.9) 0.3
 
 
 (1.8) (2.4)
Share of affiliates' pre-tax income0.1
 
 16.0
 
 
 16.1
Segment profit$70.2
 $20.1
 $12.8
 $12.1
 $0.6
 $115.8
Less:           
Selling, general and administrative expense42.5
Income taxes (includes $3.9 related to affiliates' earnings)24.3
Net income$49.0
            
Net Gain on Asset Dispositions           
Asset Remarketing Income:           
Net gains on disposition of owned assets$7.5
 $0.1
 $
 $
 $
 $7.6
Residual sharing income0.2
 
 0.3
 
 
 0.5
Non-remarketing net gains (1)0.4
 0.9
 
 
 
 1.3
 $8.1
 $1.0
 $0.3
 $
 $
 $9.4
            
Capital Expenditures           
Portfolio investments and capital additions$103.3
 $22.9
 $36.6
 $0.8
 $0.1
 $163.7
            
Selected Balance Sheet Data at December 31, 2017        
Investments in affiliated companies$6.8
 $
 $434.2
 $
 $
 $441.0
Identifiable assets$4,915.0
 $1,332.9
 $582.8
 $286.7
 $305.0
 $7,422.4
__________
(1) Includes net gains from scrapping of railcars.

17

GATX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) (Continued)





Rail North America
 

Rail International
 
Portfolio Management
 

ASC
 Other GATX Consolidated
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018           
Revenues           
Lease revenue$655.3
 $156.9
 $0.8
 $3.1
 $
 $816.1
Marine operating revenue
 
 11.0
 119.8
 
 130.8
Other revenue51.1
 6.0
 0.5
 
 
 57.6
Total Revenues   
706.4
 162.9
 12.3
 122.9
 
 1,004.5
Expenses           
Maintenance expense192.8
 33.8
 
 14.1
 
 240.7
Marine operating expense
 
 12.9
 76.6
 
 89.5
Depreciation expense185.8
 41.7
 5.5
 7.1
 
 240.1
Operating lease expense37.5
 
 
 
 
 37.5
Other operating expense21.5
 4.3
 0.4
 
 
 26.2
Total Expenses437.6
 79.8
 18.8
 97.8
 
 634.0
Other Income (Expense)           
Net gain on asset dispositions68.4
 3.2
 0.8
 0.1
 
 72.5
Interest (expense) income, net(93.1) (26.5) (7.6) (4.3) 6.8
 (124.7)
Other expense(3.3) (7.3) 
 (0.2) (4.1) (14.9)
Share of affiliates' pre-tax income0.5
 
 47.6
 
 
 48.1
Segment profit$241.3
 $52.5
 $34.3
 $20.7
 $2.7
 $351.5
Less:           
Selling, general and administrative expense137.6
Income taxes (includes $9.0 related to affiliates' earnings)51.8
Net income$162.1
            
Net Gain on Asset Dispositions           
Asset Remarketing Income:           
Net gains on disposition of owned assets$60.8
 $
 $
 $0.1
 $
 $60.9
Residual sharing income0.9
 
 0.8
 
 
 1.7
Non-remarketing net gains (1)6.7
 3.2
 
 
 
 9.9
 $68.4
 $3.2
 $0.8
 $0.1
 $
 $72.5
            
Capital Expenditures           
Portfolio investments and capital additions$414.7
 $104.5
 $
 $15.8
 $1.7
 $536.7
            
__________
(1) Includes net gains from scrapping of railcars.


18

GATX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) (Continued)






Rail North America
 

Rail International
 
Portfolio Management
 

ASC
 Other GATX Consolidated
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017           
Revenues           
Lease revenue$677.4
 $139.8
 $3.1
 $3.1
 $
 $823.4
Marine operating revenue
 
 21.8
 113.2
 
 135.0
Other revenue60.0
 4.7
 1.0
 
 
 65.7
Total Revenues737.4
 144.5
 25.9
 116.3
 
 1,024.1
Expenses           
Maintenance expense202.3
 30.8
 
 14.6
 
 247.7
Marine operating expense
 
 19.2
 70.6
 
 89.8
Depreciation expense178.8
 35.8
 5.2
 8.1
 
 227.9
Operating lease expense45.3
 
 
 1.5
 
 46.8
Other operating expense21.7
 3.5
 0.7
 
 
 25.9
Total Expenses448.1
 70.1
 25.1
 94.8
 
 638.1
Other Income (Expense)           
Net gain on asset dispositions42.6
 2.6
 11.1
 
 
 56.3
Interest (expense) income, net(90.1) (24.5) (6.8) (3.9) 5.9
 (119.4)
Other (expense) income(4.1) (2.3) 2.3
 0.8
 (2.2) (5.5)
Share of affiliates' pre-tax income (loss)0.4
 (0.1) 39.9
 
 
 40.2
Segment profit$238.1
 $50.1
 $47.3
 $18.4
 $3.7
 $357.6
Less:           
Selling, general and administrative expense127.8
Income taxes (includes $9.6 related to affiliates' earnings)69.9
Net income$159.9
            
Net Gain on Asset Dispositions           
Asset Remarketing Income:           
Net gains on disposition of owned assets$39.5
 $0.1
 $1.8
 $
 $
 $41.4
Residual sharing income0.5
 
 9.3
 
 
 9.8
Non-remarketing net gains (1)4.5
 2.5
 
 
 
 7.0
Asset impairments(1.9) 
 
 
 
 (1.9)
 $42.6
 $2.6
 $11.1
 $
 $
 $56.3
            
Capital Expenditures           
Portfolio investments and capital additions$333.7
 $74.7
 $36.6
 $13.6
 $0.4
 $459.0
            
__________
(1) Includes net gains from scrapping of railcars.


19


Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

OVERVIEW

We lease, operate, manage, and remarket long-lived, widely-used assets, primarily in the rail market. We report our financial results through four primary business segments: Rail North America, Rail International, Portfolio Management, and American Steamship Company (“ASC”).

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the MD&A in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017. We based the discussion and analysis that follows on financial data we derived from the financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Standards ("GAAP") and on certain other financial data that we prepared using non-GAAP components. For a reconciliation of these non-GAAP components to the most comparable GAAP components, see “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” at the end of this item.

Operating results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results we may achieve for the entire year ending December 31, 2018. In particular, ASC's fleet is inactive for a significant portion of the first quarter of each year due to winter conditions on the Great Lakes. In addition, asset remarketing income does not occur evenly throughout the year. For more information about our business, refer to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.


20


DISCUSSION OF OPERATING RESULTS

The following table shows a summary of our reporting segments and consolidated financial results (in millions, except per share data):
 Three Months Ended
September 30
 Nine Months Ended
September 30
 2018 2017 2018 2017
Segment Revenues       
Rail North America$233.4
 $242.4
 $706.4
 $737.4
Rail International54.1
 52.3
 162.9
 144.5
Portfolio Management3.4
 4.7
 12.3
 25.9
ASC58.8
 60.2
 122.9
 116.3
 $349.7
 $359.6
 $1,004.5
 $1,024.1
Segment Profit       
Rail North America$68.2
 $70.2
 $241.3
 $238.1
Rail International20.7
 20.1
 52.5
 50.1
Portfolio Management9.0
 12.8
 34.3
 47.3
ASC11.9
 12.1
 20.7
 18.4
 109.8
 115.2
 348.8
 353.9
Less:       
Selling, general and administrative expense46.5
 42.5
 137.6
 127.8
Unallocated interest (income) expense(2.2) (2.4) (6.8) (5.9)
Other, including eliminations2.7
 1.8
 4.1
 2.2
Income taxes ($2.7 and $3.9 QTR and $9.0 and $9.6 YTD related to affiliates' earnings)15.8
 24.3
 51.8
 69.9
   Net Income   
$47.0
 $49.0
 $162.1

$159.9
        
Net income, excluding tax adjustments and other items (non-GAAP)$47.0
 $49.0
 $167.9
 $158.8
Diluted earnings per share$1.22
 $1.25
 $4.21
 $4.04
Diluted earnings per share, excluding tax adjustments and other items (non-GAAP)$1.22
 $1.25
 $4.36
 $4.01
        
Investment Volume$169.7
 $163.7
 $536.7
 $459.0

21



The following table shows our return on equity ("ROE") for the trailing 12 months ended September 30:
 2018 2017
ROE (GAAP)30.5% 13.4%
ROE, excluding tax adjustments and other items (non-GAAP) (1)13.0% 14.4%
_________
(1)See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" at the end of this item for further details.

Net income was $162.1 million, or $4.21 per diluted share, for the first nine months of 2018 compared to $159.9 million, or $4.04 per diluted share, in 2017. Results for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 included costs of approximately $5.8 million (after-tax) associated with the closure of a maintenance facility at Rail International, and results for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 included a net gain of approximately $1.1 million (after-tax) from the planned exit of the majority of Portfolio Management's marine investments (see "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" at the end of this item for further details). Excluding the impact of these items, net income increased $9.1 million compared to the prior year. The increase was driven by higher asset disposition gains and lower maintenance expense at Rail North America, higher lease revenue, resulting from more railcars on lease, and the positive impacts of foreign exchange rates, both at Rail International, and higher income from affiliates. These positive impacts were partially offset by lower lease revenue at Rail North America, due to lower lease rates and fewer railcars on lease, as well as lower residual sharing fees from our managed portfolio and lower marine operating results at our Portfolio Management segment.
Net income was $47.0 million, or $1.22 per diluted share, for the third quarter of 2018 compared to $49.0 million, or $1.25 per diluted share, in 2017. Net income decreased $2.0 million compared to the prior year. The decrease was largely due to lower lease revenue, as a result of lower lease rates and fewer railcars on lease at Rail North America, as well as lower affiliate income. These negative impacts were partially offset by lower maintenance expense at Rail North America, as well as higher lease revenue, resulting from more railcars on lease, and lower maintenance expense, both at Rail International.

Segment Operations

Segment profit is an internal performance measure used by the Chief Executive Officer to assess the performance of each segment in a given period. Segment profit includes all revenues, pre-tax earnings from affiliates, and net gains on asset dispositions that are attributable to the segments, as well as expenses that management believes are directly associated with the financing, maintenance, and operation of the revenue earning assets. Segment profit excludes selling, general and administrative expenses, income taxes, and certain other amounts not allocated to the segments. These amounts are included in Other.

We allocate debt balances and related interest expense to each segment based upon predetermined debt to equity leverage ratios. The leverage levels are 5:1 for Rail North America, 3:1 for Rail International, 1:1 for Portfolio Management, and 1.5:1 for ASC. We believe that by using this leverage and interest expense allocation methodology, each operating segment’s financial performance reflects appropriate risk-adjusted borrowing costs.


RAIL NORTH AMERICA

Segment Summary

The operating environment for Rail North America continued to improve, as railroad car loadings increased and railroad velocity decreased relative to 2017. Despite absolute lease rates improving, revenue pressure continues. At September 30, 2018, Rail North America's wholly owned fleet, excluding boxcars, consisted of approximately 103,400 cars, and fleet utilization was 99.2% at September 30, 2018, compared to 98.9% at the end of the prior quarter, and 98.5% at September 30, 2017. Fleet utilization for our approximately 16,000 boxcars was 94.7% at September 30, 2018, compared to 92.8% at the end of the prior quarter, and 92.4% at September 30, 2017.

For the third quarter of 2018, an average of approximately 102,100 railcars, excluding boxcars, were on lease, compared to 101,300 in the prior quarter and 102,600 at September 30, 2017. The decrease in railcars on lease in the current year is largely due to railcars that

22


were sold or scrapped, consistent with our ongoing strategy to optimize the composition of our fleet. During the third quarter of 2018, the renewal rate change of the Lease Price Index (the "LPI", see definition below) was negative 11.5%, compared to negative 16.1% in the prior quarter and negative 27.0% in the third quarter of 2017. Lease terms on renewals for cars in the LPI averaged 33 months in the current quarter, compared to 41 months in the prior quarter, and 35 months in the third quarter of 2017. Additionally, the renewal success rate, which represents the percentage of expiring leases that were renewed with the existing lessee, was 82.9% in the current quarter, compared to 78.6% in the prior quarter, and 74.9% in the third quarter of 2017. Railcars returned by our customers may incur transitional costs, including additional repairs and related service prior to being leased to new customers, which may increase maintenance and associated expenses.

In 2014, we entered into a long-term supply agreement with Trinity Rail Group, LLC ("Trinity"), a subsidiary of Trinity Industries that took effect in mid-2016. Under the terms of that agreement, we may order up to 8,950 newly built railcars over a four-year period from March, 2016 through March, 2020. We may order either tank or freight cars; however, we expect that the majority of the order will be for tank cars. As of September 30, 2018, 7,715 railcars have been ordered, of which 5,095 railcars have been delivered. On May 24, 2018, we amended our long-term supply agreement with Trinity to extend the term to December 2023. We agreed to purchase an additional 4,800 tank cars (1,200 per year) beginning in January 2020 and continuing through the expiration of the extended term. Pricing will be on an agreed upon or cost-plus basis subject to certain adjustments and surcharges specified in the agreement.

On July 30, 2018, we entered into a multi-year railcar supply agreement with American Railcar Industries, Inc. ("ARI"), pursuant to which we will purchase 7,650 newly built railcars. The order encompasses a mix of tank and freight cars to be delivered over a five-year period, beginning in April 2019. ARI will deliver 450 railcars in 2019, with the remaining 7,200 to be delivered ratably over the four-year period of 2020 to 2023. The agreement also includes an option to order up to an additional 4,400 railcars subject to certain restrictions.

As of September 30, 2018, leases for approximately 5,400 tank cars and freight cars and approximately 1,100 boxcars are scheduled to expire over the remainder of 2018. These amounts exclude leases expiring in 2018 that have already been renewed or assigned to a new lessee.


23


The following table shows Rail North America's segment results (in millions):
 Three Months Ended
September 30
 Nine Months Ended
September 30

2018 2017 2018 2017
Revenues    




Lease revenue$218.2
 $224.5
 $655.3

$677.4
Other revenue15.2
 17.9
 51.1

60.0
   Total Revenues233.4
 242.4
 706.4

737.4
        
Expenses    




Maintenance expense60.6
 66.1
 192.8
 202.3
Depreciation expense62.5
 60.1
 185.8

178.8
Operating lease expense11.8
 15.5
 37.5

45.3
Other operating expense7.1
 7.3
 21.5

21.7
   Total Expenses142.0
 149.0
 437.6

448.1
        
Other Income (Expense)    




Net gain on asset dispositions9.6
 8.1
 68.4
 42.6
Interest expense, net(31.8) (30.5) (93.1)
(90.1)
Other expense(1.2) (0.9) (3.3) (4.1)
Share of affiliates' pre-tax income0.2
 0.1
 0.5

0.4
Segment Profit   
$68.2
 $70.2
 $241.3

$238.1
        
Investment Volume$129.1
 $103.3
 $414.7

$333.7

The following table shows the components of Rail North America's lease revenue (in millions):
 Three Months Ended
September 30
 Nine Months Ended
September 30
 2018 2017 2018 2017
Railcars$188.9
 $195.9
 $568.4
 $591.8
Boxcars19.5
 18.9
 57.8
 56.3
Locomotives9.8
 9.7
 29.1
 29.3
Total$218.2
 $224.5
 $655.3
 $677.4

Lease Price Index

Our LPI is an internally-generated business indicator that measures lease rate pricing on renewals for our North American railcar fleet, excluding boxcars. We calculate the index using the weighted average lease rate for a group of railcar types that we believe best represents our overall North American fleet, excluding boxcars. The average renewal lease rate change is reported as the percentage change between the average renewal lease rate and the average expiring lease rate, weighted by fleet composition. The average renewal lease term is reported in months and reflects the average renewal lease term of railcar types in the LPI, weighted by fleet composition.


24


chart-af687a3d24dc597992c.jpg

Rail North America Fleet Data

The following table shows fleet activity for Rail North America railcars, excluding boxcars, for the quarter ended:
 September 30
2017
 December 31
2017
 March 31
2018
 June 30
2018
 September 30
2018
Beginning balance104,007
 103,692
 103,730
 102,597
 102,890
Cars added637
 786
 1,226
 1,231
 1,381
Cars scrapped(854) (600) (673) (720) (431)
Cars sold(98) (148) (1,686) (218) (420)
Ending balance103,692
 103,730
 102,597
 102,890
 103,420
Utilization rate at quarter end98.5% 98.2% 98.2% 98.9% 99.2%
Average active railcars102,555
 102,078
 101,208
 101,330
 102,056


25



chart-aa8f6366c1eb560484f.jpg

The following table shows fleet statistics for Rail North America boxcars for the quarter ended:
 September 30
2017
 December 31
2017
 March 31
2018
 June 30
2018
 September 30
2018
Ending balance16,555
 16,398
 16,227
 16,007
 15,859
Utilization92.4% 92.6% 93.5% 92.8% 94.7%

Comparison of the First Nine Months of 2018 to the First Nine Months of 2017

Segment Profit

In the first nine months of 2018, segment profit of $241.3 million increased 1.3% compared to $238.1 million in the same period in the prior year. The increase was driven by higher asset disposition gains and lower maintenance expense, partially offset by lower lease revenue and lower termination fees.

Revenues

In the first nine months of 2018, lease revenue decreased $22.1 million, or 3.3%, primarily due to lower lease rates and fewer railcars on lease. Other revenue decreased $8.9 million, largely a result of lower termination fees in the current period, partially offset by higher repair revenue. Other revenue in 2017 included $7.8 million of compensation for damage to returned railcars. The expenses to repair these railcars are recognized as incurred.


26


Expenses

In the first nine months of 2018, maintenance expense decreased $9.5 million, largely due to fewer tank qualifications, lower assignment-related costs, and fewer repairs performed by the railroads. Maintenance expenses will likely increase in the fourth quarter of 2018 and into 2019 as tank car compliance service events increase. Depreciation expense increased $7.0 million due to new railcar investments and the purchase of railcars previously on operating leases. Operating lease expense decreased $7.8 million, resulting from the purchase of railcars previously on operating leases in both 2018 and 2017.

Other Income (Expense)

In the first nine months of 2018, net gain on asset dispositions increased $25.8 million, attributable to more railcars sold in the current year, as well as higher scrapping gains resulting primarily from a higher scrap price per ton. Net interest expense increased $3.0 million, driven by a higher average debt balance.

Investment Volume

During the first nine months of 2018, investment volume was $414.7 million compared to $333.7 million in the same period in 2017. We acquired 3,045 newly built railcars and purchased 793 railcars in the secondary market in the first nine months of 2018, compared to 2,532 newly built railcars and 212 railcars purchased in the secondary market in the same period in 2017.

Our investment volume is predominantly composed of acquired railcars, but also includes certain capitalized repairs and improvements to owned railcars and our maintenance facilities. As a result, the dollar value of investment volume does not necessarily correspond to the number of railcars acquired in any given period. In addition, the comparability of amounts invested and the number of railcars acquired in each period is impacted by the mix of railcars purchased, which may include tank cars and freight cars, as well as newly manufactured railcars or those purchased in the secondary market.

Comparison of the Third Quarter of 2018 to the Third Quarter of 2017

Segment Profit

In the third quarter of 2018, segment profit of $68.2 million decreased 2.8% compared to $70.2 million in the same period in the prior year. The decrease was driven by lower lease revenue and other revenue, partially offset by lower maintenance expense.

Revenues

In the third quarter of 2018 lease revenue decreased $6.3 million, or 2.8%, primarily due to lower lease rates and fewer railcars on lease. Other revenue decreased $2.7 million, due to lower excess mileage and equalization revenue.

Expenses

In the third quarter of 2018, maintenance expense decreased $5.5 million, largely due to fewer tank qualifications, lower assignment-related costs, and fewer repairs performed by the railroads. Depreciation expense increased $2.4 million due to new railcar investments and the purchase of railcars previously on operating leases. Operating lease expense decreased $3.7 million, resulting from the purchase of railcars previously on operating leases in both 2018 and 2017.

Other Income (Expense)

In the third quarter of 2018, net gain on asset dispositions increased $1.5 million, attributable to more railcars sold and higher scrapping gains in the current year, partially offset by the absence of net gains from locomotives sold in the prior year. The higher scrapping gains were due to higher scrap prices that more than offset fewer railcars scrapped. Net interest expense increased $1.3 million, driven by a higher average interest rate and a higher average debt balance.


27



RAIL INTERNATIONAL

Segment Summary
 
Rail International, composed primarily of GATX Rail Europe ("GRE"), produced solid operating results in the first nine months of 2018. In Europe, we continue to see gradual, broad improvement across the chemical, petroleum, and freight markets, and GRE was successful in maintaining high fleet utilization across all railcar types in the third quarter of 2018. Railcar utilization for GRE was 98.4% at September 30, 2018, compared to 97.8% at the end of the prior quarter and 95.6% at September 30, 2017. In addition, Rail India and Rail Russia benefited from more cars on lease as they continue to expand their fleets.

In the second quarter of 2018, GRE recorded $8.6 million of expense attributable to the closure of a railcar maintenance facility in Germany.

The following table shows Rail International's segment results (in millions):
 Three Months Ended
September 30
 Nine Months Ended
September 30
 2018 2017 2018 2017
Revenues       
Lease revenue$52.3
 $50.3
 $156.9
 $139.8
Other revenue1.8
 2.0
 6.0
 4.7
   Total Revenues54.1
 52.3
 162.9
 144.5
        
Expenses       
Maintenance expense10.1
 11.1
 33.8
 30.8
Depreciation expense13.8
 12.8
 41.7
 35.8
Other operating expense1.3
 1.1
 4.3
 3.5
   Total Expenses25.2
 25.0
 79.8
 70.1
        
Other Income (Expense)       
Net gain on asset dispositions0.5
 1.0
 3.2
 2.6
Interest expense, net(8.9) (8.5) (26.5) (24.5)
Other income (expense)0.2
 0.3
 (7.3) (2.3)
Share of affiliates' pre-tax loss
 
 
 (0.1)
Segment Profit   
$20.7
 $20.1
 $52.5
 $50.1
        
Investment Volume$40.4
 $22.9
 $104.5
 $74.7


28


The following table shows fleet activity for GRE railcars for the quarter ended:
 September 30
2017
 December 31
2017
 March 31
2018
 June 30
2018
 September 30
2018
Beginning balance23,180
 23,227
 23,166
 23,004
 23,124
Cars added179
 197
 63
 245
 258
Cars scrapped or sold(132) (258) (225) (125) (148)
Ending balance23,227
 23,166
 23,004
 23,124
 23,234
Utilization rate at quarter end95.6% 96.8% 96.7% 97.8% 98.4%
Average active railcars22,215
 22,290
 22,327
 22,407
 22,759




chart-fc67b763d61356d4879.jpg\

Comparison of the First Nine Months of 2018 to the First Nine Months of 2017

Foreign Currency

Rail International's reported results of operations are impacted by fluctuations in the exchange rates of the foreign currencies in which it conducts business, primarily the euro. In the first nine months of 2018, a stronger euro positively impacted lease revenue by approximately $9.8 million and segment profit, excluding other income (expense), by approximately $5.0 million compared to the same period in 2017.


29


Segment Profit

In the first nine months of 2018, segment profit of $52.5 million increased 4.8% compared to $50.1 million in the same period in the prior year. The increase was largely due to the positive impact of foreign exchange rates, as well as more railcars on lease, partially offset by the railcar maintenance facility closure costs.

Revenues

In the first nine months of 2018, lease revenue increased $17.1 million, or 12.2%, due to more railcars on lease and the impact of foreign exchange rates. Other revenue increased $1.3 million, driven by higher repair revenue.

Expenses

In the first nine months of 2018, maintenance expense increased $3.0 million, primarily due to higher wheelset costs and other maintenance expenses, as well as the impact of foreign exchange rates, partially offset by fewer railcars undergoing regulatory compliance repairs. Depreciation expense increased $5.9 million, driven by the impact of new railcars added to the fleet, as well as the impacts of foreign exchange rates.

Other Income (Expense)

In the first nine months of 2018, net gain on asset dispositions increased $0.6 million, attributable to higher railcar scrapping gains. Net interest expense increased $2.0 million, due to a higher average debt balance and a higher average interest rate. Other expense increased $5.0 million, driven by the railcar maintenance facility closure costs, partially offset by the favorable impact of changes in foreign exchange rates on non-functional currency items and derivatives.

Investment Volume

In the first nine months of 2018, investment volume was $104.5 million compared to $74.7 million in the same period in 2017. In the first nine months of 2018, GRE acquired 566 railcars, Rail India acquired 648 railcars, and Rail Russia acquired 64 railcars, compared to 674 railcars at GRE, 229 at Rail India and none at Rail Russia in the same period in 2017.

Our investment volume is predominantly composed of acquired railcars, but may also include certain capitalized repairs and improvements to owned railcars. As a result, the dollar value of investment volume does not necessarily correspond to the number of railcars acquired in any given period. In addition, the comparability of amounts invested and the number of railcars acquired in each period is impacted by the mix of the various car types acquired, as well as fluctuations in the exchange rates of the foreign currencies in which Rail International conducts business.

Comparison of the Third Quarter of 2018 to the Third Quarter of 2017

Foreign Currency

Rail International's reported results of operations are impacted by fluctuations in the exchange rates of the foreign currencies in which it conducts business, primarily the euro. In the third quarter of 2018, a weaker euro negatively impacted lease revenue by approximately $0.5 million and segment profit, excluding other income (expense), by approximately $0.3 million compared to the same period in 2017.

Segment Profit

In the third quarter of 2018, segment profit of $20.7 million increased 3.0% compared to $20.1 million in the same period in the prior year. The increase was largely due to lower maintenance expense and more railcars on lease, partially offset by the negative impact of foreign exchange rates.


30


Revenues

In the third quarter of 2018, lease revenue increased $2.0 million, or 4.0%, due to more railcars on lease, partially offset by the impact of foreign exchange rates. Other revenue decreased $0.2 million, driven by lower repair revenue.

Expenses

In the third quarter of 2018, maintenance expense decreased $1.0 million, primarily due to fewer railcars undergoing regulatory compliance repairs, partially offset by higher wheelset costs. Depreciation expense increased $1.0 million, driven by the impact of new railcars added to the fleet.

Other Income (Expense)

In the third quarter of 2018, net gain on asset dispositions decreased $0.5 million, attributable to lower railcar scrapping gains. Net interest expense increased $0.4 million, due to a higher average interest rate and a higher average debt balance.


PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENT

Segment Summary

Portfolio Management's segment profit is primarily attributable to income from the RRPF affiliates. The RRPF affiliates are a group of eighteen 50% owned domestic and foreign joint ventures with Rolls-Royce plc (or affiliates thereof, collectively “Rolls-Royce”), a leading manufacturer of commercial aircraft jet engines. Segment profit included earnings from the RRPF affiliates of $47.6 million and $14.3 million for the nine months and three months ended September 30, 2018, compared to $38.8 million and $15.3 million for the same periods in 2017. As of September 30, 2018, the RRPF affiliates owned 439 aircraft spare engines with a net book value of approximately $3,959 million, compared to 432 aircraft spare engines with a net book value of approximately $3,764 million at December 31, 2017.

As we have disclosed previously, we made the decision to exit the majority of our marine investments, including six chemical parcel tankers (the "Nordic Vessels"), most of our inland marine vessels, and our 50% interest in the Cardinal Marine joint venture. As of December 31, 2017, we had completed all planned sales of the marine assets, including our 50% interest in the Cardinal Marine joint venture.

Portfolio Management continues to own other marine assets, consisting primarily of five liquefied gas-carrying vessels (the "Norgas Vessels"). The Norgas Vessels specialize in the transport of pressurized gases and chemicals, such as liquefied petroleum gas, liquefied natural gas, and ethylene, primarily on shorter-term spot contracts for major oil and chemical customers worldwide.

Portfolio Management's total asset base was $614.9 million at September 30, 2018, compared to $582.8 million at December 31, 2017, and $616.8 million at September 30, 2017.


31


The following table shows Portfolio Management’s segment results (in millions):
 Three Months Ended
September 30
 Nine Months Ended
September 30
 2018 2017 2018 2017
Revenues       
Lease revenue$0.3
 $0.7
 $0.8
 $3.1
Marine operating revenue3.1
 3.8
 11.0
 21.8
Other revenue
 0.2
 0.5
 1.0
   Total Revenues3.4
 4.7
 12.3
 25.9
        
Expenses       
Marine operating expense4.4
 4.2
 12.9
 19.2
Depreciation expense1.8
 1.7
 5.5
 5.2
Other operating expense0.1
 0.1
 0.4
 0.7
   Total Expenses6.3
 6.0
 18.8
 25.1
        
Other Income (Expense)       
Net gain on asset dispositions0.2
 0.3
 0.8
 11.1
Interest expense, net(2.6) (2.2) (7.6) (6.8)
Other income
 
 
 2.3
Share of affiliates' pre-tax income14.3
 16.0
 47.6
 39.9
Segment Profit   
$9.0
 $12.8
 $34.3
 $47.3
        
Investment Volume$
 $36.6
 $
 $36.6

The following table shows the net book values of Portfolio Management's assets (in millions):
 September 30
2017
 December 31
2017
 March 31
2018
 June 30
2018
 September 30
2018
Investment in RRPF Affiliates$439.5
 $434.2
 $449.1
 $462.1
 $474.8
Owned assets177.3
 148.6
 148.8
 143.9
 140.1
Managed assets (1)43.9
 41.6
 37.9
 36.0
 34.1
________
(1)Amounts shown represent the estimated net book value of assets managed for third parties and are not included in our consolidated balance sheets.


32


RRPF Affiliates Engine Portfolio Data

The following table shows portfolio activity for the RRPF affiliates' aircraft spare engines for the quarter ended:
 September 30
2017
 December 31
2017
 March 31
2018
 June 30
2018
 September 30
2018
Beginning balance405
 409
 432
 437
 449
Engine acquisitions5
 27
 9
 17
 3
Engine dispositions(1) (4) (4) (5) (13)
Ending balance409
 432
 437
 449
 439
Utilization rate at quarter end96.1% 94.7% 94.5% 94.7% 96.8%

chart-57f6334c808f5e5c916.jpg

Comparison of the First Nine Months of 2018 to the First Nine Months of 2017

Comparisons of reported results for the current year and prior year are impacted by the sale of marine investments.

Segment Profit

In the first nine months of 2018, segment profit was $34.3 million, compared to $47.3 million for the same period in the prior year. Segment profit for the first nine months of 2017 included net gains of approximately $1.8 million associated with the planned exit of marine investments. Excluding this item, results for the Portfolio Management segment were $11.2 million lower in the first nine months of 2018 compared to the same period in the prior year, primarily due to the absence of operating income from the marine assets sold during 2017, lower residual sharing fees from the managed portfolio, and a lower contribution from the Norgas Vessels, partially offset by higher RRPF affiliate income.


33


Revenues

In the first nine months of 2018, lease revenue decreased $2.3 million, primarily due to the impact of the sales of leased assets in 2017. Marine operating revenue decreased $10.8 million, due to lower revenue from the Norgas Vessels and the absence of revenue from the marine assets that were sold in 2017. The revenue from the Norgas Vessels declined due to lower charter rates, as a result of weak demand and oversupply of vessels in the market, as well as lower utilization.

Expenses
    
In the first nine months of 2018, marine operating expense decreased $6.3 million, primarily due to the absence of the marine assets that were sold in 2017.

Other Income (Expense)

In the first nine months of 2018, net gain on asset dispositions decreased $10.3 million. Net gains of approximately $1.8 million were recorded in the first nine months of 2017 associated with the planned exit of marine investments. Excluding this item, net gain on asset dispositions decreased $8.5 million in the first nine months of 2018 due to lower residual sharing fees from the managed portfolio.

In the first nine months of 2018, income from our share of affiliates' earnings increased $7.7 million, primarily from earnings at RRPF due to higher operating income, driven by engines added to the fleet, as well as higher net disposition gains on engines sold.

Investment Volume

During the first nine months of 2018, there was no investment volume, compared to $36.6 million in the same period in 2017 to fund the purchase of additional aircraft spare engines in the RRPF affiliates.    

Comparison of the Third Quarter of 2018 to the Third Quarter of 2017

Comparisons of reported results for the current quarter and prior year quarter are impacted by the sale of marine investments.

Segment Profit

In the third quarter of 2018, segment profit was $9.0 million, compared to $12.8 million for the same period in the prior year. The decrease reflects lower operating income from the Norgas Vessels and lower RRPF affiliate income.

Revenues

In the third quarter of 2018, lease revenue decreased $0.4 million, primarily due to the impact of the sales of leased assets in 2017. Marine operating revenue decreased $0.7 million, due to lower revenue from the Norgas Vessels. The revenue from the Norgas Vessels declined due to lower charter rates, as a result of oversupply of vessels in the market, as well as lower utilization.

Expenses
    
In the third quarter of 2018, marine operating expense increased $0.2 million, primarily due to drydocking costs for two of the Norgas Vessels incurred in the current year.

Other Income (Expense)

In the third quarter of 2018, income from our share of affiliates' earnings decreased $1.7 million, primarily from earnings at RRPF due to lower net disposition gains on engines sold, partially offset by higher operating income, driven by more engines on lease.


34



ASC

Segment Summary

ASC continues to perform well amid favorable operating conditions. During the first nine months of 2018, ASC deployed 10 vessels, carrying 17.7 million net tons of freight, compared to 12 vessels, carrying 19.3 million net tons during the first nine months of 2017.

The following table shows ASC’s segment results (in millions):
 Three Months Ended
September 30
 Nine Months Ended
September 30
 2018 2017 2018 2017
Revenues       
Lease revenue$1.1
 $1.1
 $3.1
 $3.1
Marine operating revenue57.7
 59.1
 119.8
 113.2
   Total Revenues58.8
 60.2
 122.9
 116.3
        
Expenses       
Maintenance expense6.8
 7.7
 14.1
 14.6
Marine operating expense35.0
 34.7
 76.6
 70.6
Depreciation expense3.5
 4.0
 7.1
 8.1
Operating lease expense
 0.3
 
 1.5
   Total Expenses45.3
 46.7
 97.8
 94.8
        
Other Income (Expense)       
Net gain on asset dispositions
 
 0.1
 
Interest expense, net(1.5) (1.4) (4.3) (3.9)
Other (expense) income(0.1) 
 (0.2) 0.8
Segment Profit$11.9
 $12.1
 $20.7
 $18.4
        
Investment Volume$
 $0.8
 $15.8
 $13.6
Total Net Tons Carried (000's)8,703
 9,811
 17,710
 19,348

Comparison of the First Nine Months of 2018 to the First Nine Months of 2017

Segment Profit

In the first nine months of 2018, segment profit was $20.7 million, compared to segment profit of $18.4 million in the same period in 2017. In 2018, higher rates, favorable operating conditions and efficient fleet performance more than offset lower volume.

Revenues

In the first nine months of 2018, marine operating revenue increased $6.6 million, or 5.8%, primarily due to higher rates and late 2017 sailing season surcharges realized in 2018. Higher fuel revenue, which is offset in marine operating expense, also contributed to the variance. The terms of our contracts provide that a substantial portion of fuel costs are passed on to customers.



35


Expenses

In the first nine months of 2018, maintenance expense decreased $0.5 million, due to lower operating repairs, as well as fewer vessels deployed in the current year. Marine operating expense increased $6.0 million, largely driven by higher fuel costs, partially offset by fewer operating days. Operating lease expense in 2017 was for a vessel that was returned at the end of the prior year.

Investment Volume

ASC's investments in each period consisted of structural and mechanical improvements to our vessels.

Comparison of the Third Quarter of 2018 to the Third Quarter of 2017

Segment Profit

In the third quarter of 2018, segment profit was $11.9 million, compared to segment profit of $12.1 million in the same period in 2017. In 2018, lower volume was offset by more efficient operations and a favorable mix of commodities carried.

Revenues

In the third quarter of 2018, marine operating revenue decreased $1.4 million, or 2.4%, primarily due to lower volume.

Expenses

In the third quarter of 2018, maintenance expense decreased $0.9 million due to lower operating repairs, as well as fewer vessels deployed in the current year. Marine operating expense increased $0.3 million, primarily due to higher fuel costs, partially offset by the impact of fewer operating days. Operating lease expense in 2017 was for a vessel that was returned at the end of the prior year.

Investment Volume

ASC's investments in each period consisted of structural and mechanical improvements to our vessels.


36


OTHER

Other comprises selling, general and administrative expenses (“SG&A”), unallocated interest expense, and miscellaneous income and expense not directly associated with the reporting segments and eliminations.

The following table shows components of Other (in millions):
 Three Months Ended
September 30
 Nine Months Ended
September 30
 2018 2017 2018 2017
Selling, general and administrative expense$46.5
 $42.5
 $137.6
 $127.8
Unallocated interest (income) expense(2.2) (2.4) (6.8) (5.9)
Other expense (income), including eliminations2.7
 1.8
 4.1
 2.2

SG&A, Unallocated Interest and Other

During the third quarter of 2017, we exercised our option to terminate the office lease at our corporate headquarters early. As a result, accelerated depreciation on leasehold improvement was recorded in SG&A, and lease termination costs were recorded in other expense (income).

SG&A increased $9.8 million for the first nine months of 2018 and $4.0 million for the third quarter of 2018, both variances primarily due to higher employee compensation expenses and accelerated depreciation of leasehold improvements beginning in the prior year. The negative impacts of changes in foreign exchange rates also contributed to the increase compared to the prior year nine-month period.

Unallocated interest expense (the difference between external interest expense and interest expense allocated to the reporting segments in accordance with assigned leverage targets) in any year is affected by our consolidated leverage position, the timing of debt issuances and investing activities, and intercompany allocations.

Other expense (income), including eliminations, increased $1.9 million for the first nine months of 2018 and $0.9 million for the third quarter of 2018, both variances driven by incremental pension expense in the third quarter of 2018 associated with certain lump sum distributions, as well as the impacts of foreign exchange on a foreign pension plan, partially offset by the absence of costs recorded in the prior year associated with the early termination of the office lease.

Consolidated Income Taxes

See "Note 7. Income Taxes" in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q.


37


CASH FLOW AND LIQUIDITY

We generate a significant amount of cash from operating activities and investment portfolio proceeds. We also access domestic and international capital markets by issuing unsecured or secured debt and commercial paper. We use these resources, along with available cash balances, to fulfill our debt, lease, and dividend obligations, to support our share repurchase programs, and to fund portfolio investments and capital additions. We primarily use cash from operations to fund daily operations.

The timing of asset dispositions and changes in working capital impact cash flows from portfolio proceeds and operations. As a result, these cash flow components may vary materially from quarter to quarter and year to year. As of September 30, 2018, we had an unrestricted cash balance of $254.5 million.

The following table shows our principal sources and uses of cash for the nine months ended September 30 (in millions):
 2018 2017
Principal sources of cash   
Net cash provided by operating activities$341.3
 $317.8
Portfolio proceeds198.6
 131.0
Other asset sales28.5
 24.3
Proceeds from sale-leasebacks59.2
 90.6
Proceeds from issuance of debt, commercial paper, and credit facilities297.1
 308.6
Total$924.7
 $872.3
    
Principal uses of cash   
Portfolio investments and capital additions$(536.7) $(459.0)
Repayments of debt, commercial paper, and credit facilities(267.3) (301.5)
Purchases of leased-in assets(66.6) (93.2)
Payments on capital lease obligations(0.9) (2.1)
Stock repurchases(37.4) (75.0)
Dividends(52.7) (51.8)
Total$(961.6) $(982.6)

Net cash provided by operating activities of $341.3 million increased $23.5 million compared to 2017. The increase was driven by lower operating lease payments and the timing of interest payments, as well as the positive impact of changes in foreign exchange rates. These positive drivers were partially offset by lower lease revenue, lower affiliate dividends, and lower fee income, which included $1.7 million of residual sharing income in 2018 compared to $9.8 million in 2017.

Portfolio proceeds primarily consist of proceeds from sales of operating assets and loan and finance lease receipts. Portfolio proceeds of $198.6 million for the nine months of 2018 increased by $67.6 million from the prior year, primarily due to higher proceeds from sales of railcars at Rail North America, partially offset by lower proceeds from sales of marine assets at Portfolio Management.

Rail North America completed a sale-leaseback financing for 467 railcars in the third quarter of 2018 and 699 railcars in the second quarter of 2017.

Proceeds from the issuance of debt for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 were $297.1 million (net of hedges and debt issuance costs), compared to $308.6 million (net of hedges and debt issuance costs) in the same period in 2017. In each of 2018 and 2017, a $300-million, 10-year unsecured financing was completed. Debt repayments of $267.3 million for the first nine months of 2018 were $34.2 million lower than prior year. Repayments in both years consisted of scheduled maturity payments and the early retirement of certain debt issuances.


38


Portfolio investments and capital additions primarily consist of purchases of operating assets, investments in affiliates, and capitalized asset improvements. Portfolio investments and capital additions of $536.7 million for the first nine months of 2018 increased $77.7 million compared to 2017, due to more railcars acquired at Rail North America and Rail International, partially offset by the absence of investments at the RRPF affiliates at Portfolio Management in the prior year.

Purchases of leased-in assets of $66.6 million for the first nine months of 2018 decreased $26.6 million compared to the same period in 2017. The decrease was attributable to a $24.0 million decrease at ASC, related to the purchase of a vessel in 2017 that was previously on lease, and a $2.6 million decrease at Rail North America due to fewer railcars purchased in 2018 (1,232 railcars in 2018 compared to 1,815 railcars in 2017).

On January 29, 2016, our Board of Directors (the "Board") approved a $300 million share repurchase program, pursuant to which we are authorized to purchase shares of our common stock in the open market, in privately negotiated transactions, or otherwise, including pursuant to Rule 10b5-1 plans. As of December 31, 2017, $80.0 million remained available under this program. On January 26, 2018, the Board approved an additional share repurchase authorization of $170 million, bringing our aggregate available repurchase authorization to $250 million. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, we acquired 0.5 million shares of common stock for $37.4 million, compared to 1.2 million shares of common stock for $75.0 million during the same period in 2017. As of September 30, 2018, $212.6 million remained available under the repurchase authorizations.

Contractual and Other Commercial Commitments

The following table shows our contractual commitments, including debt principal and related interest payments, lease payments, and purchase commitments at September 30, 2018 (in millions):

 Payments Due by Period
 Total 2018 (1) 2019 2020 2021 2022 Thereafter
Recourse debt$4,444.9
 $71.1
 $550.0
 $350.0
 $563.8
 $250.0
 $2,660.0
Interest on recourse debt (2)1,832.4
 42.0
 160.9
 146.5
 134.6
 114.0
 1,234.4
Capital lease obligations, including interest12.0
 0.4
 11.6
 
 
 
 
Recourse operating leases598.0
 19.3
 67.9
 68.6
 65.3
 57.0
 319.9
Purchase commitments (3)2,151.9
 211.2
 348.1
 436.2
 376.4
 385.4
 394.6
Total$9,039.2
 $344.0
 $1,138.5
 $1,001.3
 $1,140.1
 $806.4
 $4,608.9
__________
(1)For the remainder of the year.
(2)For floating rate debt, future interest payments are based on the applicable interest rate as of September 30, 2018.
(3)Primarily railcar purchase commitments. The amounts shown for all years are based on management's estimates of the timing, anticipated car types, and related costs of railcars to be purchased under its agreements.

In 2014, we entered into a long-term supply agreement with Trinity Rail Group, LLC ("Trinity"), a subsidiary of Trinity Industries that took effect in mid-2016. Under the terms of that agreement, we may order up to 8,950 newly built railcars over a four-year period from March, 2016 through March, 2020. We may order either tank or freight cars; however, we expect that the majority of the order will be for tank cars. As of September 30, 2018, 7,715 railcars have been ordered, of which 5,095 railcars have been delivered. On May 24, 2018, we amended our long-term supply agreement with Trinity to extend the term to December 2023. We agreed to purchase an additional 4,800 tank cars (1,200 per year) beginning in January 2020 and continuing through the expiration of the extended term. Pricing will be on an agreed upon or cost-plus basis subject to certain adjustments and surcharges specified in the agreement.

On July 30, 2018, we entered into a multi-year railcar supply agreement with American Railcar Industries, Inc. ("ARI"), pursuant to which we will purchase 7,650 newly built railcars. The order encompasses a mix of tank and freight cars to be delivered over a five-year period, beginning in April 2019. ARI will deliver 450 railcars in 2019, with the remaining 7,200 to be delivered ratably over the four-year period of 2020 to 2023. The agreement also includes an option to order up to an additional 4,400 railcars subject to certain restrictions.
 

39


Short-Term Borrowings

The following table shows additional information regarding our short-term borrowings for the nine months ended September 30, 2018:
 Europe (1)
Balance as of September 30 (in millions)$
Weighted average interest rateN/A
Euro/Dollar exchange rateN/A
  
Average daily amount outstanding year to date (in millions)$3.7
Weighted average interest rate0.9%
Average Euro/Dollar exchange rate1.19
  
Average daily amount outstanding during 3rd quarter (in millions)$2.6
Weighted average interest rate0.9%
Average Euro/Dollar exchange rate1.16
  
Maximum daily amount outstanding (in millions)$11.3
Euro/Dollar exchange rate1.17
__________
(1)Short-term borrowings in Europe are composed of borrowings under bank credit facilities.

Credit Lines and Facilities

We have a $600 million, 5-year unsecured revolving credit facility in the U.S. In the second quarter of 2018, we extended the maturity on this facility by one year from May 2022 to May 2023. As of September 30, 2018, the full $600 million was available under the facility. Additionally, we have a $250 million 5-year secured railcar facility in the U.S. with a 3-year revolving period that matures in May 2022. As of September 30, 2018, the full $250 million was available under this facility.

Restrictive Covenants

Our $600 million revolving credit facility contains various restrictive covenants, including requirements to maintain a fixed charge coverage ratio and an asset coverage test. Some of our bank term loans have the same financial covenants as the facility.
  
The indentures for our public debt also contain various restrictive covenants, including limitations on liens provisions that restrict the amount of additional secured indebtedness that we may incur. Additionally, certain exceptions to the covenants permit us to incur an unlimited amount of purchase money and nonrecourse indebtedness.

The loan agreements for certain of our European rail subsidiaries also contain restrictive covenants, including leverage and cash flow covenants specific to those subsidiaries, restrictions on making loans, and limitations on the ability of those subsidiaries to repay loans or to distribute capital to certain related parties (including GATX, the U.S. parent company). These covenants effectively limit GRE's ability to transfer funds to GATX.

We do not anticipate any covenant violations nor do we expect that any of these covenants will restrict our operations or our ability to obtain additional financing. At September 30, 2018, we were in compliance with all covenants and conditions of all of our credit agreements.

Credit Ratings

The global capital market environment and outlook may affect our funding options and our financial performance. Our access to capital markets at competitive rates depends on our credit rating and rating outlook, as determined by rating agencies. As of September 30, 2018,

40


our long-term unsecured debt was rated BBB by Standard & Poor's and Baa2 by Moody’s Investor Service and our short-term unsecured debt was rated A-2 by Standard & Poor's and P-2 by Moody’s Investor Service. Our rating outlook from both agencies was stable.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES

There have been no changes to our critical accounting policies during the nine months ended September 30, 2018. Refer to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, for a summary of our policies.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
    
In addition to financial results reported in accordance with GAAP, we compute certain financial measures using non-GAAP components, as defined by the SEC. These measures are not in accordance with, or a substitute for, GAAP, and our financial measures may be different from non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies. We have provided a reconciliation of our non-GAAP components to the most directly comparable GAAP components.

Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Components Used in the Computation of Certain Financial Measures

Balance Sheet Measures

We include total on- and off-balance sheet assets because a portion of our North American railcar fleet has been financed through sale-leasebacks that are accounted for as operating leases and are not recorded on the balance sheet. Similarly, ASC's fleet previously included vessels that were accounted for as operating leases and were not recorded on the balance sheet. We include these leased-in assets in our calculation of total assets (as adjusted) because we believe it gives investors a more comprehensive representation of the magnitude of the assets we operate and that drive our financial performance. In addition, this calculation of total assets (as adjusted) provides consistency with other non-financial information we disclose about our fleet, including the number of railcars in the fleet, average number of cars on lease, and utilization. We also provide information regarding our leverage ratios, which are expressed as a ratio of debt (including off-balance sheet debt) to equity. The off-balance sheet debt amount in this calculation is the equivalent of the off-balance sheet asset amount. We believe reporting this corresponding off-balance sheet debt amount provides investors and other users of our financial statements with a more comprehensive representation of our debt obligations, leverage, and capital structure.

The following table shows total balance sheet assets (in millions):
 September 30
2017
 December 31
2017
 March 31
2018
 June 30
2018
 September 30
2018
Total assets (GAAP)$7,261.9
 $7,422.4
 $7,468.0
 $7,495.5
 $7,517.4
Off-balance sheet assets:         
Rail North America471.3
 435.7
 411.7
 401.7
 432.6
ASC0.2
 
 
 
 
Total off-balance sheet assets$471.5
 $435.7
 $411.7
 $401.7
 $432.6
          
Total assets, as adjusted (non-GAAP)$7,733.4
 $7,858.1
 $7,879.7
 $7,897.2
 $7,950.0
          
Shareholders’ Equity (GAAP)$1,470.2
 $1,792.7
 $1,839.7
 $1,817.6
 $1,838.0


41


The following table shows the components of recourse leverage (in millions, except recourse leverage ratio):
 September 30
2017
 December 31
2017
 March 31
2018
 June 30
2018
 September 30
2018
Debt, net of unrestricted cash:         
Unrestricted cash$(199.2) $(296.5) $(233.1) $(237.4) $(254.5)
Commercial paper and bank credit facilities15.7
 4.3
 4.4
 4.3
 
Recourse debt4,266.7
 4,371.7
 4,359.5
 4,397.9
 4,397.3
Capital lease obligations12.8
 12.5
 12.2
 11.9
 11.6
Total debt, net of unrestricted cash (GAAP)4,096.0
 4,092.0
 4,143.0
 4,176.7
 4,154.4
Off-balance sheet recourse debt471.5
 435.7
 411.7
 401.7
 432.6
Total debt, net of unrestricted cash, as adjusted (non-GAAP)$4,567.5
 $4,527.7
 $4,554.7
 $4,578.4
 $4,587.0
          
Total recourse debt (1)$4,567.5
 $4,527.7
 $4,554.7
 $4,578.4
 $4,587.0
Shareholders' Equity (2)$1,470.2
 $1,792.7
 $1,839.7
 $1,817.6
 $1,838.0
Recourse Leverage (3)3.1
 2.5
 2.5
 2.5
 2.5
________
(1)Includes on- and off-balance sheet recourse debt, capital lease obligations, and commercial paper and bank credit facilities, net of unrestricted cash.
(2)Balances for December 31, 2017, March 31, 2018, June 30, 2018, and September 30, 2018 reflect the impact of the Tax Act recognized in the fourth quarter of 2017.
(3)Calculated as total recourse debt / shareholder's equity. The reduction in recourse leverage beginning with December 31, 2017 is due to the increase in shareholders' equity resulting from the impact of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.

Net Income Measures

We exclude the effects of certain tax adjustments and other items for purposes of presenting net income, diluted earnings per share, and return on equity because we believe these items are not attributable to our business operations. Management utilizes net income, excluding tax adjustments and other items, when analyzing financial performance because such amounts reflect the underlying operating results that are within management’s ability to influence. Accordingly, we believe presenting this information provides investors and other users of our financial statements with meaningful supplemental information for purposes of analyzing year-to-year financial performance on a comparable basis and assessing trends.


42


The following tables show our net income and diluted earnings per share, excluding tax adjustments and other items (in millions, except per share data):

Impact of Tax Adjustments and Other Items on Net Income:
 Three Months Ended
September 30
 Nine Months Ended
September 30
 2018 2017 2018 2017
Net income (GAAP)$47.0
 $49.0
 $162.1
 $159.9
        
Adjustments attributable to consolidated pre-tax income:       
Costs attributable to the closure of a maintenance facility at Rail International (1)
 
 8.6
 
Net gain on wholly owned Portfolio Management marine investments (2)
 
 
 (1.8)
Total adjustments attributable to consolidated pre-tax income$
 $
 $8.6
 $(1.8)
Income taxes thereon, based on applicable effective tax rate
 
 (2.8) 0.7
Net income, excluding tax adjustments and other items (non-GAAP)$47.0
 $49.0
 $167.9
 $158.8

Impact of Tax Adjustments and Other Items on Diluted Earnings per Share:
 Three Months Ended
September 30
 Nine Months Ended
September 30
 2018 2017 2018 2017
Diluted earnings per share (GAAP)$1.22
 $1.25
 $4.21
 $4.04
Adjustments attributable to consolidated income, net of taxes:       
Costs attributable to the closure of a maintenance facility at Rail International (1)
 
 0.15
 
Net gain on wholly owned Portfolio Management marine investments (2)
 
 
 (0.03)
Diluted earnings per share, excluding tax adjustments and other items (non-GAAP)$1.22
 $1.25
 $4.36
 $4.01

43



The following table shows our net income and return on equity, excluding tax adjustments and other items, for the trailing 12 months ended September 30 (in millions):
 2018 2017
Net income (GAAP)$504.2
 $190.8
Adjustments attributable to consolidated pre-tax income:   
Costs attributable to the closure of a maintenance facility at Rail International (1)8.6
 
Net loss on wholly owned Portfolio Management marine investments (2)
 3.1
Railcar impairment at Rail North America (3)
 29.8
Total adjustments attributable to consolidated pre-tax income$8.6
 $32.9
Income taxes thereon, based on applicable effective tax rate$(2.8) $(11.8)
    
Other income tax adjustments attributable to consolidated income:   
Impact of the Tax Act (4)(315.9) 
Foreign tax credit utilization (5)
 (7.1)
Total other income tax adjustments attributable to consolidated income$(315.9) $(7.1)
    
Net income, excluding tax adjustments and other items (non-GAAP)$194.1
 $204.8
Return on Equity (GAAP)30.5% 13.4%
Return on Equity, excluding tax adjustments and other items (non-GAAP) (6)13.0% 14.4%
_______
(1)In the second quarter of 2018, Rail International recorded expenses attributable to the closure of a maintenance facility.
(2)In 2015, we made the decision to exit the majority of our non-core, marine investments within our Portfolio Management segment. As a result, we recorded gains and losses associated with the impairments and sales of certain investments.
(3)Impairment losses in the fourth quarter of 2016 related specifically to certain railcars in flammable service that we believe have been permanently and negatively impacted by regulatory changes.
(4)Amount shown represents the estimated impact of corporate income tax changes enacted by the Tax Act, recorded in the fourth quarter of 2017. The ultimate impact of the Tax Act may differ from these estimates, due to, among other things, changes in interpretations and assumptions made by us, additional guidance that may be issued by the U.S. Department of the Treasury, and actions that we may take.
(5)Benefits in the fourth quarter of 2016 attributable to the utilization of foreign tax credit carryforwards.
(6)Shareholders' equity used in this calculation excludes the impact of the Tax Act, as described above.


44


Item 3.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

Since December 31, 2017, there have been no material changes in our interest rate and foreign currency exposures or types of derivative instruments used to hedge these exposures. For a discussion of our exposure to market risk, refer to "Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure about Market Risk" of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.

Item 4.  Controls and Procedures

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, has conducted an evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”)). Based on such evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that, as of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective.

No change in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) occurred during the quarter ended September 30, 2018, that materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1.  Legal Proceedings

Information concerning litigation and other contingencies is described in "Note 11. Legal Proceedings and Other Contingencies" in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q and is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 1A.  Risk Factors

Since December 31, 2017, there have been no material changes in our risk factors. For a discussion of our risk factors, refer to "Item 1A. Risk Factors" of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.

Item 2.  Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

On January 29, 2016, the Board approved a $300 million share repurchase program, pursuant to which we are authorized to purchase shares of our common stock in the open market, in privately negotiated transactions, or otherwise, including pursuant to Rule 10b5-1 plans. As of December 31, 2017, $80.0 million remained available under this program. On January 26, 2018, the Board approved an additional share repurchase authorization of $170 million, bringing our aggregate available repurchase authorization to $250 million. The share repurchase authorizations do not have an expiration date, do not obligate the Company to repurchase any dollar amount or number of shares of common stock, and may be suspended or discontinued at any time. The timing of share repurchases will be dependent on market conditions and other factors. As of September 30, 2018, $212.6 million remained available under the repurchase authorizations.

The following is a summary of common stock repurchases completed by month during the third quarter of 2018:
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
  (a) (b) (c) (d)
Period Total Number of Shares Purchased Average Price Paid per Share Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs Maximum Number (or Approximate Dollar Value) of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs (in millions)
August 1, 2018 - August 31, 2018 40,542
 $85.60
 40,542
 $221.5
September 1, 2018 - September 30, 2018 105,922
 $83.90
 105,922
 $212.6
Total 146,464
 $84.37
 146,464
  


45




Item 6.  Exhibits

Exhibit
Number
 
Exhibit Description
Filed with this Report:
31A
31B
32
101
The following materials from GATX Corporation’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2018, are formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) Consolidated Balance Sheets at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, (ii) Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, (iii) Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, and (iv) Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
________
(*) Compensatory plans or arrangements.


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SIGNATURE

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
GATX CORPORATION
(Registrant)
 
/s/ Thomas A. Ellman
Thomas A. Ellman
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
(Duly Authorized Officer)


Date: October 26, 2018


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