Docoh
Loading...

HSC Harsco

Filed: 4 May 21, 11:03am
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C.  20549
FORM10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2021
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from            to          
Commission File Number 001-03970
hsc-20210331_g1.jpg
HARSCO CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
Delaware23-1483991
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. employer identification number)
350 Poplar Church Road,Camp Hill,Pennsylvania17011
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code  717-763-7064 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, par value $1.25 per shareHSCNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  NO
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).   Yes   NO
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
 
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
 
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.   
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  YES  NO 
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
Class Outstanding at April 30, 2021
Common stock, par value $1.25 per share 79,165,630


HARSCO CORPORATION
FORM 10-Q
INDEX
 


2

Glossary of Defined Terms

Unless the context requires otherwise, "Harsco," the "Company," "we," "our," or "us" refers to Harsco Corporation on a consolidated basis. The Company also uses several other terms in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, which are further defined below:

TermDescription
AOCIAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
AXCThe former Harsco Industrial Air-X-Changers business
CARES ActCoronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act
CCIRsCross-currency interest rate swaps
Clean EarthCEHI Acquisition Corporation and Subsidiaries
COVID-19The COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic
Credit AgreementCredit Agreement governing the Senior Secured Credit Facilities
DEAUnited States Drug Enforcement Agency
DTSCCalifornia Department of Toxic Substances Control
EBITDAEarnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization
ESOLStericycle Environmental Solutions business
FASBFinancial Accounting Standards Board
IBORsInterbank offered rates
ICMSType of value-added tax in Brazil
IKGThe former Harsco Industrial IKG business
ISDAInternational Swaps and Derivatives Association
LIBORLondon Interbank Offered Rates
New Term Loans$500 million term loan raised in March 2021 under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities, maturing on March 10, 2028
Notes5.75% Notes due July 31, 2027
OCIOther Comprehensive Income (Loss)
PA DEPPennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection
PKThe former Harsco Industrial Patterson-Kelley business
Revolving Credit FacilityMulti-year revolving credit facility under the Senior Secured Credit Facility, with a facility limit of $700 million
ROURight of use
SBBFederal railway system of Switzerland
SCESupreme Council for Environment in Bahrain
SECSecurities and Exchange Commission
Senior Secured Credit FacilitiesPrimary source of borrowings comprised of the Revolving Credit Facility and the New Term Loan
SPRAState Revenue Authorities from the State of São Paulo, Brazil
Term Loan A$280 million term loan raised in March 2020 under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities, maturing on June 28, 2024
Term Loan BTerm loan issued under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities, maturing on December 8, 2024
TSDFTreatment, storage, and disposal facility permits issued under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
U.S. GAAPAccounting principles generally accepted in the U.S.
3

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.      FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

HARSCO CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited)
(In thousands)March 31
2021
December 31
2020
ASSETS  
Current assets:  
Cash and cash equivalents$79,308 $76,454 
Restricted cash3,017 3,215 
Trade accounts receivable, net417,830 407,390 
Other receivables32,998 34,253 
Inventories171,587 173,013 
Current portion of contract assets72,133 54,754 
Prepaid expenses55,231 56,099 
Other current assets14,217 10,645 
Total current assets846,321 815,823 
Property, plant and equipment, net655,462 668,209 
Right-of-use assets, net89,772 96,849 
Goodwill900,314 902,074 
Intangible assets, net430,589 438,565 
Deferred income tax assets10,155 15,274 
Other assets57,731 56,493 
Total assets$2,990,344 $2,993,287 
LIABILITIES  
Current liabilities:  
Short-term borrowings$5,062 $7,450 
Current maturities of long-term debt6,720 13,576 
Accounts payable209,988 218,039 
Accrued compensation43,092 45,885 
Income taxes payable4,698 3,499 
Current portion of advances on contracts41,089 39,917 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities23,632 24,862 
Other current liabilities184,451 184,727 
Total current liabilities518,732 537,955 
Long-term debt1,334,325 1,271,189 
Retirement plan liabilities206,178 231,335 
Advances on contracts31,403 45,017 
Operating lease liabilities64,029 69,860 
Environmental liabilities29,044 29,424 
Deferred tax liabilities33,178 40,653 
Other liabilities56,872 54,455 
Total liabilities2,273,761 2,279,888 
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES00
HARSCO CORPORATION STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY  
Preferred stock0 
Common stock144,764 144,288 
Additional paid-in capital206,944 204,078 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(643,446)(645,741)
Retained earnings1,797,894 1,797,759 
Treasury stock(846,182)(843,230)
Total Harsco Corporation stockholders’ equity659,974 657,154 
Noncontrolling interests56,609 56,245 
Total equity716,583 713,399 
Total liabilities and equity$2,990,344 $2,993,287 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
4

HARSCO CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
 March 31
(In thousands, except per share amounts)20212020
Revenues from continuing operations:  
Service revenues$424,449 $291,589 
Product revenues104,406 107,252 
Total revenues528,855 398,841 
Costs and expenses from continuing operations:  
Cost of services sold334,506 236,608 
Cost of products sold86,576 79,860 
Selling, general and administrative expenses83,043 72,499 
Research and development expenses818 1,260 
Other (income) expenses, net(912)5,733 
Total costs and expenses504,031 395,960 
Operating income from continuing operations24,824 2,881 
Interest income585 193 
Interest expense(16,864)(12,649)
Unused debt commitment fees, amendment fees and loss on extinguishment of debt(5,258)(488)
Defined benefit pension income3,953 1,589 
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes and equity income7,240 (8,474)
Income tax benefit (expense) from continuing operations(4,229)682 
Equity income (loss) of unconsolidated entities, net(119)96 
Income (loss) from continuing operations2,892 (7,696)
Discontinued operations:  
Gain on sale of discontinued business0 18,462 
Loss from discontinued businesses(1,791)(225)
Income tax benefit (expense) from discontinued businesses464 (9,314)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax(1,327)8,923 
Net income1,565 1,227 
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests(1,430)(1,086)
Net income attributable to Harsco Corporation$135 $141 
Amounts attributable to Harsco Corporation common stockholders:
Income (loss) from continuing operations, net of tax$1,462 $(8,782)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax(1,327)8,923 
Net income attributable to Harsco Corporation common stockholders$135 $141 
Weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding79,088 78,761 
Basic earnings (loss) per common share attributable to Harsco Corporation common stockholders:
Continuing operations$0.02��$(0.11)
Discontinued operations(0.02)0.11 
Diluted earnings (loss) per share attributable to Harsco Corporation common stockholders$0 $
Diluted weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding80,015 78,761 
Diluted earnings (loss) per common share attributable to Harsco Corporation common stockholders:
Continuing operations$0.02 $(0.11)
Discontinued operations(0.02)0.11 
Diluted earnings (loss) per share attributable to Harsco Corporation common stockholders$0 $

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
5

HARSCO CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) (Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
 March 31
(In thousands)20212020
Net income$1,565 $1,227 
Other comprehensive income (loss):  
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of deferred income taxes of $623 and $(4,082) in 2021 and 2020, respectively(3,296)(58,566)
Net income (loss) on cash flow hedging instruments, net of deferred income taxes of $(144) and $517 in 2021 and 2020, respectively689 (1,687)
Pension liability adjustments, net of deferred income taxes of $(338) and $(1,710) in 2021 and 2020, respectively3,819 30,269 
Unrealized gain (loss) on marketable securities, net of deferred income taxes of $(7) and $8 in 2021 and 2020, respectively17 (18)
Total other comprehensive income (loss)1,229 (30,002)
Total comprehensive income (loss)2,794 (28,775)
Less: Comprehensive (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests(364)61 
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Harsco Corporation$2,430 $(28,714)

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
6

HARSCO CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
  Three Months Ended March 31
(In thousands)20212020
Cash flows from operating activities:  
Net income$1,565 $1,227 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash used by operating activities:  
Depreciation32,748 29,933 
Amortization8,967 6,557 
Deferred income tax (benefit) expense(3,421)4,412 
Equity (income) loss of unconsolidated entities, net119 (96)
Gain on sale from discontinued business0 (18,462)
Loss on early extinguishment of debt2,668 
Other, net1,128 (2,007)
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions and dispositions of businesses:  
Accounts receivable(16,446)(22,050)
Inventories407 (16,412)
Contract assets(19,070)(20,311)
Right-of-use assets6,768 3,429 
Accounts payable(8,592)12,308 
Accrued interest payable(7,320)(9,891)
Accrued compensation(1,541)(2,752)
Advances on contracts(9,698)40,464 
Operating lease liabilities(6,750)(3,358)
Retirement plan liabilities, net(19,267)(15,534)
Income taxes payable - Gain on sale of discontinued businesses0 3,843 
Other assets and liabilities14,562 (2,836)
Net cash used by operating activities(23,173)(11,536)
Cash flows from investing activities:  
Purchases of property, plant and equipment(27,382)(27,894)
Purchases of businesses, net of cash acquired0 (4,157)
Proceeds from sale of discontinued business, net0 37,219 
Proceeds from sales of assets3,862 2,185 
Expenditures for intangible assets(68)(58)
Net proceeds (payments) from settlement of foreign currency forward exchange contracts(1,427)11,327 
Other investing activities, net46 
Net cash provided (used) by investing activities(24,969)18,622 
Cash flows from financing activities:  
Short-term borrowings, net575 3,697 
Current maturities and long-term debt:  
Additions434,873 52,875 
Reductions(374,530)(38,709)
Stock-based compensation - Employee taxes paid(2,485)(3,437)
Deferred financing costs(6,525)(1,632)
Other financing activities, net(400)
Net cash provided by financing activities51,508 12,794 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash(710)(10,824)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash2,656 9,056 
Cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash, at beginning of period79,669 59,732 
Cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash, at end of period$82,325 $68,788 
Supplementary cash flow information:
Change in accrual for purchases of property, plant and equipment included in accounts payable$1,865 $(281)
 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
7

HARSCO CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY (Unaudited)
 Harsco Corporation Stockholders’ Equity  
Common StockAdditional Paid-in CapitalRetained
Earnings
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Noncontrolling
Interests
 
(In thousands, except share 
amounts)
IssuedTreasuryTotal
Balances, December 31, 2019$143,400 $(838,893)$200,595 $1,824,100 $(587,622)$48,079 $789,659 
Net income   141  1,086 1,227 
Total other comprehensive loss, net of deferred income taxes of $(5,267)(28,854)(1,148)(30,002)
Vesting of restricted stock units and other stock grants, net 104,840 shares230 (889)(230)   (889)
Vesting of performance share units, net 265,151 shares589 (3,205)(589)(3,205)
Amortization of unearned portion of stock-based compensation, net of forfeitures  2,080    2,080 
Balances, March 31, 2020$144,219 $(842,987)$201,856 $1,824,241 $(616,476)$48,017 $758,870 

 Harsco Corporation Stockholders’ Equity  
(In thousands, except share amounts)Common StockAdditional Paid-in CapitalRetained
Earnings
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Noncontrolling
Interests
 
IssuedTreasuryTotal
Balances, December 31, 2020$144,288 $(843,230)$204,078 $1,797,759 $(645,741)$56,245 $713,399 
Net income   135  1,430 1,565 
Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of deferred income taxes of $1342,295 (1,066)1,229 
Stock appreciation rights exercised, net 3,842 shares(70)(9)(70)
Vesting of restricted stock units and other stock grants, net 144,967 shares312 (1,850)(312)   (1,850)
Vesting of performance share units, net 69,127 shares155 (1,032)(155)(1,032)
Amortization of unearned portion of stock-based compensation, net of forfeitures  3,342    3,342 
Balances, March 31, 2021$144,764 $(846,182)$206,944 $1,797,894 $(643,446)$56,609 $716,583 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
8

HARSCO CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)

1.     Basis of Presentation

The Company has prepared these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X of the SEC. Accordingly, the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements do not include all information and disclosure required by U.S. GAAP for annual financial statements. The December 31, 2020 Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet information contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q was derived from the 2020 audited consolidated financial statements.  The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements, including the notes thereto, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (all of which are of a normal recurring nature) that are necessary for a fair statement are reflected in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. 

Restricted Cash
The Company had restricted cash of $3.0 million and $3.2 million at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, and the restrictions are primarily related to collateral provided for certain guarantees of the Company's performance.

Impact of COVID-19
Beginning in early 2020, overall global economic conditions were significantly impacted by COVID-19. The Company has operated, since the onset of the pandemic, as a provider of certain essential services in the U.S. and other countries and overall business conditions have strengthened since the second quarter of 2020. And while the ultimate duration and impact of COVID-19 on the Company and its operations is presently unclear, the Company expects that business conditions will improve meaningfully in 2021 compared with 2020.

The Company did not record any long-lived asset impairments, indefinite-lived asset impairments, goodwill impairments, significant inventory write-downs or incremental accounts receivable reserves for current expected credit losses during the three months ended March 31, 2021. However, should the COVID-19 situation deteriorate, such charges are possible in future periods, which could have an adverse effect on the Company's future results of operations, cash flows, or financial condition.

Reclassifications

Certain reclassifications have been made to prior year amounts to conform with current year classifications.


2.     Recently Adopted and Recently Issued Accounting Standards

The following accounting standards have been adopted in 2021:

On January 1, 2021 the Company adopted changes issued by the FASB which are intended to reduce complexity and simplify the accounting for income taxes in accordance with U.S. GAAP by removing certain exceptions related to investments, intraperiod allocations and interim calculations and clarifying existing guidance to improve consistent application. These changes did not have a material impact on the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements.
The following accounting standards have been issued and become effective for the Company at a future date:
In March 2020 the FASB issued changes that provide companies with optional guidance to ease the potential accounting burden associated with transitioning from reference rates that are expected to be discontinued. In response to the concerns about risks of IBORs and, particularly, the risk of cessation of LIBOR, regulators in several jurisdictions around the world have undertaken reference rate reform initiatives to identify alternative reference rates that are more observable or transaction-based and less susceptible to manipulation. The changes provide optional expedients and exceptions for applying U.S. GAAP to contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions affected by reference rate reform if certain criteria are met. In January 2021, the FASB issued additional clarification changes. The changes can be adopted no later than December 31, 2022 with early adoption permitted. Management does not believe these changes will have a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements.

In August 2020, the FASB issued changes which simplified the accounting for certain financial instruments with characteristics of liabilities and equity, including convertible instruments and contracts on an entity’s own equity. The changes can be adopted
9

no later than January 1, 2022, with early adoption permitted. Management has concluded that this standard will not have an impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements.

3. Acquisitions and Dispositions

ESOL
On April 6, 2020 the Company completed the acquisition of 100% of ESOL, an established waste transportation, processing and services provider with a comprehensive portfolio of disposal solutions for customers primarily across the industrial, retail and healthcare markets from Stericycle, Inc. for $429.0 million of cash consideration, inclusive of post-closing adjustments. In addition, as part of the acquisition, the Company entered into a non-compete agreement with Stericycle, Inc.

The fair value recorded for the assets acquired and liabilities assumed for ESOL is as follows:

Final
(In millions)April 6
2020
Measurement Period AdjustmentsMarch 31
2021
Cash and cash equivalents$0.4 $$0.4 
Trade accounts receivable124.1 (1.5)122.6 
Inventory5.0 5.0 
Other current assets0.7 (0.7)0 
Property, plant and equipment105.3 (3.9)101.4 
Right-of-use assets56.0 56.0 
Goodwill152.0 1.3 153.3 
Intangible assets161.0 161.0 
Other assets0.2 0.2 
Accounts payable(48.6)(1.5)(50.1)
Accrued expenses(17.5)(1.8)(19.3)
Current portion of operating lease liabilities(16.6)(16.6)
Other current liabilities(6.4)(0.2)(6.6)
Environmental liabilities(24.4)(24.4)
Deferred income taxes(15.5)(1.5)(17.0)
Operating lease liabilities(39.4)(39.4)
Total identifiable net assets of ESOL436.3 (9.8)426.5 
Non-compete agreement2.5 — 2.5 
Total identifiable net assets of ESOL, including non-compete agreement$438.8 $(9.8)$429.0 

The goodwill is primarily attributed to expected operational efficiencies and synergies from the expanded geographical scale of hazardous waste processing facilities resulting from combining the ESOL business with the existing Clean Earth business of the Company, as well as the value associated with the assembled workforce of ESOL. The Company expects $36.8 million of goodwill to be deductible for income tax purposes through 2030.

The following table details the valuation of identifiable intangible assets and amortization periods for ESOL and the non-compete agreement entered into by the Company upon acquisition of ESOL:
Final
(Dollars in millions)Weighted-Average Amortization PeriodApril 6
2020
Measurement Period AdjustmentsMarch 31
2021
Permits and rights22 years$138.0 $$138.0 
Customer relationships10 years23.0 23.0 
Total identifiable intangible assets of ESOL161.0 161.0 
Non-compete agreement4 years2.5 — 2.5 
Total identifiable intangible assets acquired$163.5 $$163.5 

The Company valued the identifiable intangible assets using methodologies under the income approach including the multi-period excess earnings method, the distributor method, and the with-and-without method.

ESOL contributed revenue of $134.2 million and operating income of $7.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The operations of ESOL have been combined and included as part of the Harsco Clean Earth Segment.
10


Clean Earth
On June 28, 2019, the Company acquired 100% of the outstanding stock of Clean Earth, one of the largest U.S. providers of specialty waste processing and beneficial reuse solutions for hazardous wastes, contaminated materials and dredged volumes, for an enterprise valuation of approximately $625 million on a cash free, debt free basis, subject to normal working capital adjustments. The Company transferred approximately $628 million of cash consideration and agreed to reimburse the sellers for any usage of assumed net operating losses in a post-closing period for up to five years.

Pro forma financial information
The pro forma information below gives effect to the ESOL acquisition as if it had been completed on January 1, 2019. The pro forma information is not necessarily indicative of the Company’s results of operations had the acquisition been completed on the above date, nor is it necessarily indicative of future results. The pro forma information does not reflect any cost savings from operating efficiencies or synergies that could result from the acquisition and does not reflect the additional revenue opportunities following the acquisition. The pro forma information below includes the adjustments necessary to reflect additional depreciation and amortization expense based on the estimated fair value and useful lives of intangible assets and fixed assets acquired; includes additional interest expense of approximately $4.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 on the acquisition related borrowings used to finance the acquisition and excludes certain directly attributable acquisition and integration costs. In addition, the historical ESOL results include $8.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 of corporate expenses charged to ESOL from Stericycle.
Three Months Ended
March 31
(In millions)2020
Pro forma revenues$529.5 
Pro forma net income attributed to Harsco Corporation (including discontinued operations) (a)
0.9 
(a) Pro forma net income includes the after tax gain on the sale of IKG of approximately $9 million.

Harsco Industrial Segment
In January 2020 the Company sold IKG for $85.0 million, including a note receivable with a face value of $40.0 million (initial fair value $34.3 million), and recognized an $18.5 million pre-tax gain on sale (or approximately $9 million after-tax). Together with the 2019 sales of AXC and PK, this completed the divestiture of the former Harsco Industrial Segment originally announced in May 2019. See Note 4, Accounts Receivable and Note Receivable, for additional information related to the note receivable.

The Harsco Industrial Segment has historically been a separate reportable segment with primary operations in North America and Latin America. In accordance with U.S. GAAP, the results of the former Harsco Industrial Segment are presented as discontinued operations and, as such, have been excluded from both continuing operations and segment results for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

Certain key selected financial information included in net income (loss) from discontinued operations for the former Harsco Industrial Segment is as follows:
Three Months Ended
March 31
(In millions)20212020
Amounts for the former Harsco Industrial Segment:
  Total revenues$0 $10,203 
  Cost of products sold0 8,082 
  Income (loss) from discontinued business0 218 
Additional amounts allocated to the former Harsco Industrial Segment:
  Selling, general and administrative expenses (b)
$1,046 $1,266 
(b) The Company has allocated directly attributable transaction costs to discontinued operations. In addition, this caption includes costs directly attributable to retained contingent liabilities of the Harsco Industrial Segment.






11

4.    Accounts Receivable and Note Receivable
Accounts receivable consist of the following:
(In thousands)March 31
2021
December 31
2020
Trade accounts receivable$425,808 $414,891 
Less: Allowance for expected credit losses(7,978)(7,501)
Trade accounts receivable, net$417,830 $407,390 
Other receivables (a)
$32,998 $34,253 
(a) Other receivables include employee receivables, insurance receivable, tax claims and refunds and other miscellaneous items not included in Trade accounts receivable, net.

The provision for doubtful accounts related to trade accounts receivable was as follows:
 Three Months Ended
March 31
(In thousands)20212020
Provision for expected credit losses and doubtful accounts related to trade accounts receivable$1,157 $219 

At March 31, 2021 approximately $10.3 million of the Company's trade accounts receivable were past due by twelve months or more. Approximately $5.2 million of this amount is effectively reserved, and collection of the remaining balance is still ultimately expected. The increase from December 31, 2020 is due to the aging of certain customer balances in the Harsco Rail Segment, the balance of which the Company ultimately expects to collect.

In January 2020 the Company sold IKG for $85.0 million including cash and a note receivable, subject to post-closing adjustments. The note receivable from the buyer has a face value of $40.0 million, bearing interest at 2.50%, that is paid in kind and matures on January 31, 2027. Any unpaid principal, along with any accrued but unpaid interest is payable at maturity. Prepayment is required in case of a change in control or a percentage of excess cash flow, as defined in the note receivable agreement. Because there are no scheduled payments under the terms of the note receivable, the balance is not classified as current as of March 31, 2021 and is included in the caption Other assets on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. The initial fair value of the note receivable was $34.3 million which was calculated using an average of various discounted cash flow scenarios based on anticipated timing of repayments (Level 3) and was a non-cash transaction. The note receivable is subsequently measured at amortized cost. Key inputs into the valuation model include: projected timing and amount of cash flows, pro forma debt rating, option-adjusted spread and U.S. Treasury spot rate. At March 31, 2021 the amortized cost of the note receivable was $36.2 million, compared with a fair value of $36.2 million.
(In thousands)March 31
2021
December 31
2020
Note receivable$36,229 $35,806 


5.    Inventories
Inventories consist of the following:
(In thousands)March 31
2021
December 31
2020
Finished goods$10,467 $8,505 
Work-in-process7,846 16,522 
Raw materials and purchased parts121,883 117,789 
Stores and supplies31,391 30,197 
Total inventories$171,587 $173,013 





12

6.     Property, Plant and Equipment
Property, plant and equipment consisted of the following:
(In thousands)March 31
2021
December 31
2020
Land$75,581 $75,559 
Land improvements20,082 20,166 
Buildings and improvements248,744 249,954 
Machinery and equipment1,570,783 1,597,592 
Uncompleted construction50,872 42,185 
Gross property, plant and equipment1,966,062 1,985,456 
Less: Accumulated depreciation(1,310,600)(1,317,247)
Property, plant and equipment, net$655,462 $668,209 

In the third quarter of 2020, a customer of the Harsco Environmental Segment in China ceased steel making operations at its steel mill site in order to relocate the operations to a new site, as a result of a government mandate to improve environmental conditions of the area. The Company will continue to provide services to the same customer at the new site. The net book value of the idled equipment associated with the previous location is approximately $19 million. The customer has entered into an agreement with the government where it will receive compensation for the losses the customer has incurred as a result of the forced shutdown. The Company has continued discussions with the customer regarding compensation, which are expected to be protracted. While the customer has initially indicated that they will not provide compensation, the Company disagrees with their interpretation and is evaluating its legal position in response. In addition, there may be other avenues of pursuing recovery, including seeking relief directly from the local government. At this point, considering the ongoing discussions with the customer, and other avenues, the Company believes it will recover the book value of the equipment and thus does not believe it has an asset impairment as of March 31, 2021. However, the Company will continue to evaluate changes in facts and circumstances and record any impairment charge when and if indicated.

7. Leases
The components of lease expense were as follows:
Three Months Ended
March 31
(In thousands)20212020
Finance leases:
Amortization expense$475 $371 
Interest on lease liabilities102 52 
Operating leases8,372 4,284 
Variable and short-term lease expense12,679 7,111 
Sublease income(49)(50)
Total lease expense from continuing operations$21,579 $11,768 



Supplemental cash flow information related to leases was as follows:
Three Months Ended
March 31
(In thousands)20212020
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
Cash flows from operating activities - Operating leases$8,092 $3,789 
Cash flows from financing activities - Finance leases497 324 
ROU assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations:
Operating leases$5,702 $2,217 
Finance leases430 1,234 
13


Supplemental balance sheet information related to leases was as follows: 
(In thousands)March 31
2021
December 31
2020
Operating Leases:
     Operating lease ROU assets$89,772 $96,849 
     Current portion of operating lease liabilities23,632 24,862 
     Operating lease liabilities64,029 69,860 
Finance Leases:
  Property, plant and equipment, net$8,362 $8,434 
     Current maturities of long-term debt1,598 1,683 
     Long-term debt6,901 6,867 

Supplemental additional information related to leases was as follows:
March 31
2021
December 31
2020
Other information:
    Weighted average remaining lease term - Operating leases (in years)7.618.00
    Weighted average remaining lease term - Finance leases (in years)8.028.20
    Weighted average discount rate - Operating leases5.9 %6.1 %
    Weighted average discount rate - Finance leases5.1 %5.1 %

Maturities of lease liabilities were as follows:
(In thousands)Operating
Leases
Finance
Leases
Year Ending December 31:
     2021 (excluding the three months ended March 31, 2021)$22,007 $1,522 
     202224,262 1,788 
     202318,957 1,577 
     202413,224 1,405 
     20258,255 797 
     After 202533,206 3,429 
Total lease payments119,911 10,518 
Less: Imputed interest(32,250)(2,019)
Total$87,661 $8,499 

The Company's leases, excluding short-term leases, have remaining terms of less than one year to 30 years, some of which include options to extend for up to 10 years, and some of which include options to terminate within one year. As of March 31, 2021, the Company had additional operating leases for property and equipment that have not yet commenced with estimated ROU assets and lease liabilities of $5.8 million to be recognized upon the anticipated lease commencements in the second quarter of 2021 There are no material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants in any of the Company's leases.













14

8.     Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
The following table reflects the changes in carrying amounts of goodwill by segment for the three months ended March 31, 2021:
(In thousands)Harsco Environmental SegmentHarsco
Clean Earth Segment
Harsco Rail
Segment
Consolidated
Totals
Balance at December 31, 2020$406,401 $482,647 $13,026 $902,074 
Changes to goodwill (a)
1,232 1,232 
Foreign currency translation(2,992)(2,992)
Balance at March 31, 2021$403,409 $483,879 $13,026 $900,314 
(a) The changes to goodwill relate to the measurement period adjustments for the ESOL acquisition in the Harsco Clean Earth Segment. See Note 3, Acquisitions and Dispositions.

The Company tests for goodwill impairment annually, or more frequently if indicators of impairment exist, or if a decision is made to dispose of a business.  The Company performs its annual goodwill impairment test as of October 1 and monitors for triggering events on an ongoing basis.  The Company determined that, as of March 31, 2021, no interim goodwill impairment testing was necessary. 
The Company has concluded that no triggering event occurred during the three months ended March 31, 2021. However, an economic downturn resulting from a deterioration of the COVID-19 situation could impact the Company's future projected cash flows used to estimate fair value, and/or result in a sustained decrease in the Company's share price, which could indicate an impairment.
Intangible assets, net, on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets consist of the following:
 March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
(In thousands)Gross Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Gross Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Customer related$109,413 $50,272 $109,378 $48,057 
Permits308,779 22,923 308,705 18,955 
Technology related40,492 10,684 40,274 9,654 
Trade names31,973 5,500 31,949 4,834 
Air rights26,139 1,239 26,139 1,044 
Patents173 127 192 139 
Non-compete Agreement2,500 625 2,500 469 
Other3,849 1,359 3,911 1,331 
Total$523,318 $92,729 $523,048 $84,483 


Amortization expense for intangible assets was as follows:
Three Months Ended
 March 31
(In thousands)20212020
Amortization expense for intangible assets$8,216 $5,918 

The estimated amortization expense for the next five fiscal years based on current intangible assets is as follows:
(In thousands)20212022202320242025
Estimated amortization expense (b)
$32,900 $32,400 $32,300 $31,800 $31,600 
(b)     These estimated amortization expense amounts do not reflect the potential effect of future foreign currency exchange fluctuations.








15

9. Debt and Credit Agreements

On March 10, 2021, the Company amended its Senior Secured Credit Facilities to, among other things, extend the maturity date of the Revolving Credit Facility to March 10, 2026, and to modify aspects of its total net leverage ratio covenant. The interest rate applicable to the Revolving Credit Facility bears interest at a rate, depending on total net leverage, ranging from 50 to 150 basis points over base rate or 150 to 250 basis points over LIBOR, subject to a zero floor.
Under the amended agreement, the net debt to consolidated adjusted EBITDA ratio covenant is 5.75 through the end of 2021 and then decreases quarterly until reaching 4.0 in March 2023.
In addition, the Company issued New Term Loans, as an additional tranche, under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities in an aggregate principal amount of $500 million. The New Term Loans bear interest at a rate per annum of 1.25% over base rate, subject to a zero floor, or 2.25% over LIBOR, subject to a 0.50% floor. The New Term Loans are subject to quarterly amortization of principal of 0.25%, beginning September 30, 2021. The proceeds of the New Term Loans were used to repay in full the outstanding Term Loan A and Term Loan B under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities, which were due on June 28, 2024 and December 8, 2024, respectively. The New Term Loans mature on March 10, 2028, or earlier, on the date that is 91 days prior to the maturity date of the Company’s 5.75% Senior Notes due 2027 if such Senior Notes are outstanding or have not been refinanced at such time.

Total expenses of $5.3 million, including a write-off of $2.7 million of previously recorded deferred financing costs, were recognized during the three months ended March 31, 2021 related to the amended Senior Secured Credit Facilities in the caption Unused debt commitment fees, amendment fees and loss on extinguishment of debt on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. The Company has capitalized fees of $7.8 million related to the amendment of the Senior Secured Credit Facilities, of which $6.5 million were paid as of March 31, 2021.
Long-term debt consists of the following:
(In thousands)March 31
2021
December 31
2020
Senior Secured Credit Facilities:
New Term Loan$500,000 $
Term Loan A0 280,000 
Term Loan B0 218,188 
Revolving Credit Facility339,000 281,000 
5.75% Notes, due July 31, 2027500,000 500,000 
Other financing payable (including finance leases) in varying amounts22,221 21,344 
Total debt obligations1,361,221 1,300,532 
Less: deferred financing costs(20,176)(15,767)
Total debt obligations, net of deferred financing costs1,341,045 1,284,765 
Less: current maturities of long-term debt(6,720)(13,576)
Long-term debt$1,334,325 $1,271,189 


16

10.  Employee Benefit Plans
 Three Months Ended
March 31
Defined Benefit Pension Plans Net Periodic Pension Cost (Benefit)U.S. PlansInternational Plans
(In thousands)2021202020212020
Service costs$0 $$493 $429 
Interest costs1,203 1,845 3,193 4,395 
Expected return on plan assets(3,050)(2,842)(11,367)(10,190)
Recognized prior service costs0 127 107 
Recognized loss1,385 1,425 4,563 3,655 
Defined benefit pension plans net periodic pension cost (benefit)$(462)$428 $(2,991)$(1,604)

Three Months Ended
Company ContributionsMarch 31
(In thousands)20212020
Defined benefit pension plans (U.S.)$2,866 $2,027 
Defined benefit pension plans (International)12,622 10,060 
Multiemployer pension plans440 409 
Defined contribution pension plans3,413 3,169 
The Company's estimate of expected contributions to be paid during the remainder of 2021 for the U.S. and international defined benefit pension plans is $1.4 million and $12.7 million, respectively.

11.     Income Taxes 

Income tax expense from continuing operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was $4.2 million compared with an income tax benefit from continuing operations of $0.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The change in the income tax expense for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared with the income tax benefit for the three months ended March 31, 2020 is the result of higher taxable income, primarily due to an improvement in operations and acquisition and integration costs in 2020 not recurring in 2021, partially offset by debt refinancing expenses in 2021.

An income tax benefit from an uncertain tax position may be recognized when it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained upon examination, based on technical merits, including resolutions of any related appeals or litigation processes. The reserve for uncertain tax positions at March 31, 2021 was $4.3 million, including interest and penalties.  Within the next twelve months, it is reasonably possible that $0.6 million unrecognized income tax benefits will be recognized upon settlement of tax examinations and the expiration of various statutes of limitations.


12.   Commitments and Contingencies

Environmental        
The Company is involved in a number of environmental remediation investigations and cleanups and, along with other companies, has been identified as a “potentially responsible party” for certain byproduct disposal sites.  While each of these matters is subject to various uncertainties, it is probable that the Company will agree to make payments toward funding certain of these activities, and it is possible that some of these matters will be decided unfavorably to the Company.  The Company has evaluated its potential liability and its financial exposure is dependent upon such factors as the continuing evolution of environmental laws and regulatory requirements, the availability and application of technology, the allocation of cost among potentially responsible parties, the years of remedial activity required and the remediation methods selected. 

The Company evaluates its liability for future environmental remediation costs on a quarterly basis. Although actual costs to be incurred at identified sites in future periods may vary from the estimates (given inherent uncertainties in evaluating environmental exposures), the Company does not expect that any costs that are reasonably possible to be incurred by the Company in connection with environmental matters in excess of the amounts accrued would have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.




17

The following table summarizes information related to the location and undiscounted amount of the Company's environmental liabilities:

(In thousands)March 31
2021
December 31
2020
Current portion of environmental liabilities (a)
$6,791 $6,933 
Long-term environmental liabilities29,044 29,424 
Total environmental liabilities$35,835 $36,357 
(a)    The current portion of environmental liabilities is included in the caption Other current liabilities on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Environmental liabilities relate primarily to the ESOL business which was acquired on April 6, 2020. As part of the ESOL acquisition, the Company assumed control of certain closed sites that were being monitored as part of ongoing environmental remediation plans. See Note 3, Acquisitions and Dispositions, for additional details.

Legal Proceedings

In the ordinary course of business, the company is a defendant or party to various claims and lawsuits, including those discussed below.

On January 27, 2020, the U.S. EPA issued a Notice of Potential Liability to the Company, along with several other companies, concerning the Newtown Creek Superfund Site located in Kings and Queens Counties in New York. The Notice alleges certain facilities formerly owned or operated by subsidiaries of the Company may have resulted in the discharge of hazardous substances into Newtown Creek or its Dutch Kills tributary. The site has been subject to CERCLA response activities since approximately 2011, and a feasibility study is currently being performed to evaluate a potential early action response for the lower two miles of the Creek. The Company is one of approximately eighteen (18) Potentially Responsible Parties that have received notices, though it is believed other PRPs may exist. The Company vigorously contests the allegations of the Notice and currently does not believe that this matter will have a material effect on the Company’s financial position.

On June 25 and 26, 2018, the DTSC conducted a compliance enforcement inspection of ESOL’s facility in Rancho Cordova, California, which was then owned by Stericycle, Inc. On February 14, 2020, the DTSC filed an action in the Superior Court for the State of California, Sacramento Division, alleging violations of California’s Hazardous Waste Control Law and the facility’s hazardous waste permit arising from the inspection. On August 27, 2020 the DTSC issued a Notice of Denial of Hazardous Waste Facility Permit Application. On September 25, 2020, the Company filed an administrative appeal. The DTSC investigation was ongoing well before the Company's acquisition of the ESOL business, and the Company was aware of the investigation and many of the issues raised in the investigation at the time of the purchase. Accordingly, the Company is indemnified for certain fines and other costs and expenses associated with this matter by Stericycle, Inc. As a result, the administrative appeal will be led by Stericycle, Inc. The Company has not accrued any amounts in respect of these alleged violations and cannot estimate the reasonably possible loss or the range of reasonably possible losses that it may incur.

As previously disclosed, the Company has had ongoing meetings with the SCE over processing salt cakes, a processing byproduct, stored at the Al Hafeerah site. The Company’s Bahrain operations that produced the salt cakes has ceased operations. An Environmental Impact Assessment and Technical Feasibility Study for facilities to process the salt cakes was approved by the SCE during the first quarter of 2018. Commissioning of the facilities is currently in progress and should be completed during the second quarter of 2021, and full operations are expected during the second half of 2021. The Company has previously established a reserve of $7.0 million, which represents the Company's best estimate of the ultimate costs to be incurred to resolve this matter. The Company continues to evaluate this reserve and any future change in estimated costs could be material to the Company’s results of operations in any one period.

On July 27, 2018 Brazil’s Federal and Rio de Janeiro State Public Prosecution Offices (MPF and MPE) filed a Civil Public Action against one of the Company's customers (CSN), the Company’s Brazilian subsidiary, the Municipality of Volta Redonda, Brazil, and the Instituto Estadual do Ambiente (local environmental protection agency) seeking the implementation of various measures to limit and reduce the accumulation of customer-owned slag at the site in Brazil. On August 6, 2018 the 3rd Federal Court in Volta Redonda granted the MPF and MPE an injunction against the same parties requiring, among other things, CSN and the Company’s Brazilian subsidiary to limit the volume of slag sent to the site. Because the customer owns the site and the slag located on the site, the Company believes that complying with this injunction is the steel producer’s responsibility.  On March 18, 2019 the Court issued an order fining the Company 5,000 Brazilian reais per day (or approximately $900 per day) and CSN 20,000 Brazilian reais per day (or approximately $3,500 per day) until the requirements of the injunction are met. On November 1, 2019 the Court issued an additional order increasing the fines assessed to the
18

Company to 25,000 Brazilian reais per day (or approximately $4,300 per day) and raising the fines assessed to CSN to 100,000 Brazilian reais per day (or approximately $17,300 per day). The Court also assessed an additional fine of 10,000,000 Brazilian reais (or approximately $1,732,000) against CSN and the Company jointly. The Company is appealing the fines and the underlying injunction.  Both the Company and CSN continue to have discussions with the governmental authorities on the injunction and the possible resolution of the underlying case. The Company does not believe that a loss relating to this matter is probable or estimable at this point.

On October 19, 2018 local environmental authorities issued an enforcement action against the Company concerning the Company’s operations at a customer site in Ijmuiden, Netherlands.  The enforcement action alleges violations of the Company’s environmental permit at the site, which restricts the release of any visible dust emissions.  The enforcement action ordered the Company to cease all violations of the permit by October 31, 2018.  The authorities have issued 3 additional enforcement actions since that time and have asserted fines of approximately $0.7 million which the Company has recorded, with the possibility of additional fines for any future violations.  The Company is vigorously contesting the enforcement action and fines and is also working with its customer to ensure the control of emissions.  The Company has contractual indemnity rights from its customer, should it be required to pay the assessed fines. 

DEA Investigation
Prior to the Company’s acquisition of ESOL, Stericycle, Inc, notified the Company that the DEA had served an administrative subpoena on Stericycle, Inc. and executed a search warrant at a facility in Rancho Cordova, California and an administrative inspection warrant at a facility in Indianapolis, Indiana. The Company has determined that the DEA and the DTSC have launched investigations involving, at least in part, the ESOL business of collecting, transporting, and destroying controlled substances from retail customers that transferred from Stericycle, Inc. to the Company. In connection with these investigations, the DEA also executed a search warrant on an ESOL facility in Austin Texas on July 2, 2020. The Company is cooperating with these inquiries, which relate primarily to the period before the Company owned the ESOL business. Since the acquisition of the ESOL business, the Company has performed a vigorous review of ESOL’s compliance program related to controlled substances and has made material changes to the manner in which controlled substances are transported from retail customers to DEA-registered facilities for destruction. The Company has not accrued any amounts in respect of these investigations and cannot estimate the reasonably possible loss or the range of reasonably possible losses that it may incur, if any. Investigations of this type are, by their nature, uncertain and unpredictable. While it is the Company’s position that it has recourse for some or all liabilities, if any, that arise from these matters under the ESOL purchase agreement and representations and warranties insurance policies purchased by the Company, there can be no assurances that the Company’s position will ultimately prevail.

Brazilian Tax Disputes
The Company is involved in a number of tax disputes with federal, state and municipal tax authorities in Brazil. These disputes are at various stages of the legal process, including the administrative review phase and the collection action phase, and include assessments of fixed amounts of principal and penalties, plus interest charges that increase at statutorily determined amounts per month and are assessed on the aggregate amount of the principal and penalties. In addition, the losing party, at the collection action or court of appeals phase, could be subject to a charge to cover statutorily mandated legal fees, which are generally calculated as a percentage of the total assessed amounts due, inclusive of penalty and interest. Many of the claims relate to ICMS, services and social security tax disputes. The largest proportion of the assessed amounts relate to ICMS claims filed by the SPRA, encompassing the period from January 2002 to May 2005.

In October 2009 the Company received notification of the SPRA’s final administrative decision regarding the levying of ICMS in the State of São Paulo in relation to services provided to a customer in the State between January 2004 and May 2005.  As of March 31, 2021 the principal amount of the tax assessment from the SPRA with regard to this case is approximately $1.1 million, with penalty, interest and fees assessed to date increasing such amount by an additional $14.7 million.  On June 4, 2018 the Appellate Court of the State of Sao Paulo ruled in favor of the SPRA but ruled that the assessed penalty should be reduced to approximately $1.1 million. After calculating the interest accrued on the penalty, the Company estimates that this ruling reduces the current overall potential liability for this case to approximately $6 million. All such amounts include the effect of foreign currency translation. The Company has appealed the ruling in favor of the SPRA to the Superior Court of Justice. Due to multiple court precedents in the Company’s favor, as well as the Company’s ability to appeal, the Company does not believe a loss is probable.
Another ICMS tax case involving the SPRA refers to the tax period from January 2002 to December 2003. In December 2018 the administrative tribunal hearing the case upheld the Company's liability. The Company has appealed to the judicial phase. The aggregate amount assessed by the tax authorities in August 2005 was $4.4 million (the amounts with regard to this claim are valued as of the date of the assessment since it has not yet reached the collection phase), composed of a principal amount of $1.0 million, with penalty and interest assessed through that date increasing such amount by an additional $3.3 million.  On December 6, 2018 the administrative tribunal reduced the applicable penalties to $0.7 million. After calculating the interest
19

accrued on the current penalty, the Company estimates that the current overall liability for this case to be approximately $5.0 million. All such amounts include the effect of foreign currency translation. Due to multiple court precedents in the Company's favor the Company does not believe a loss is probable.
The Company continues to believe that sufficient coverage for these claims exists as a result of the indemnification obligations of the Company's customer and such customer’s pledge of assets in connection with the October 2009 notice, as required by Brazilian law.
On December 30, 2020, the Company received an assessment from the municipal authority in Ipatinga, Brazil alleging approximately $1.8 million in unpaid service taxes from the period 2015 to 2020. After calculating the interest and penalties accrued, the Company estimates that the current overall potential liability for this case to be approximately $3.0 million. On January 18, 2021, the Company filed a challenge to the assessment. Due to the multiple defenses that are available, the Company does not believe a loss is probable.
The Company intends to continue its practice of vigorously defending itself against these tax claims under various alternatives, including judicial appeal. The Company will continue to evaluate its potential liability with regard to these claims on a quarterly basis; however, it is not possible to predict the ultimate outcome of these tax-related disputes in Brazil. No loss provision has been recorded in the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements for the disputes described above because the loss contingency is not deemed probable, and the Company does not expect that any costs that are reasonably possible to be incurred by the Company in connection with Brazilian tax disputes would have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
Brazilian Labor Disputes
The Company is subject to ongoing collective bargaining and individual labor claims in Brazil through the Harsco Environmental Segment which allege, among other things, the Company's failure to pay required amounts for overtime and vacation at certain sites. The Company is vigorously defending itself against these claims; however, litigation is inherently unpredictable, particularly in foreign jurisdictions. While the Company does not currently expect that the ultimate resolution of these claims will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows, it is not possible to predict the ultimate outcome of these labor-related disputes. As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 the Company has established reserves of $3.7 million and $4.3 million, respectively, on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets for amounts considered to be probable and estimable.

Other
The Company is named as one of many defendants (approximately 90 or more in most cases) in legal actions in the U.S. alleging personal injury from exposure to airborne asbestos over the past several decades.  In their suits, the plaintiffs have named as defendants, among others, many manufacturers, distributors and installers of numerous types of equipment or products that allegedly contained asbestos.

The Company believes that the claims against it are without merit. The Company has never been a producer, manufacturer or processor of asbestos fibers. Any asbestos-containing part of a Company product used in the past was purchased from a supplier and the asbestos encapsulated in other materials such that airborne exposure, if it occurred, was not harmful and is not associated with the types of injuries alleged in the pending actions.
At March 31, 2021 there were approximately 17,192 pending asbestos personal injury actions filed against the Company.  Of those actions, approximately 16,602 were filed in the New York Supreme Court (New York County), approximately 119 were filed in other New York State Supreme Court Counties and approximately 471 were filed in courts located in other states.
The complaints in most of those actions generally follow a form that contains a standard damages demand of $20 million or $25 million, regardless of the individual plaintiff’s alleged medical condition, and without identifying any specific Company product.
At March 31, 2021 approximately 16,549 of the actions filed in New York Supreme Court (New York County) were on the Deferred/Inactive Docket created by the court in December 2002 for all pending and future asbestos actions filed by persons who cannot demonstrate that they have a malignant condition or discernible physical impairment. The remaining approximately 53 cases in New York County are pending on the Active or In Extremis Docket created for plaintiffs who can demonstrate a malignant condition or physical impairment.
The Company has liability insurance coverage under various primary and excess policies that the Company believes will be available, if necessary, to substantially cover any liability that might ultimately be incurred in the asbestos actions referred to above. The costs and expenses of the asbestos actions are being paid by the Company's insurers.
20

In view of the persistence of asbestos litigation in the U.S., the Company expects to continue to receive additional claims in the future. The Company intends to continue its practice of vigorously defending these claims and cases. At March 31, 2021 the Company has obtained dismissal in approximately 28,324 cases by stipulation or summary judgment prior to trial.
It is not possible to predict the ultimate outcome of asbestos-related actions in the U.S. due to the unpredictable nature of this litigation, and no loss provision has been recorded in the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements because a loss contingency is not deemed probable or estimable. Despite this uncertainty, and although results of operations and cash flows for a given period could be adversely affected by asbestos-related actions, the Company does not expect that any costs that are reasonably possible to be incurred by the Company in connection with asbestos litigation would have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
The Company is subject to various other claims and legal proceedings covering a wide range of matters that arose in the ordinary course of business. In the opinion of management, all such matters are adequately covered by insurance or by established reserves, and, if not so covered, are without merit or are of such kind, or involve such amounts, as would not have a material adverse effect on the financial position, results of operations or cash flows of the Company.
Insurance liabilities are recorded when it is probable that a liability has been incurred for a particular event and the amount of loss associated with the event can be reasonably estimated. Insurance reserves have been estimated based primarily upon actuarial calculations and reflect the undiscounted estimated liabilities for ultimate losses, including claims incurred but not reported. Inherent in these estimates are assumptions that are based on the Company's history of claims and losses, a detailed analysis of existing claims with respect to potential value, and current legal and legislative trends. If actual claims differ from those projected by management, changes (either increases or decreases) to insurance reserves may be required and would be recorded through income in the period the change was determined. When a recognized liability is covered by third-party insurance, the Company records an insurance claim receivable to reflect the covered liability. Insurance claim receivables are included in Other receivables on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. See Note 1, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, to the consolidated financial statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 for additional information on Accrued insurance and loss reserves.


13.  Reconciliation of Basic and Diluted Shares
Three Months Ended
March 31
(In thousands, except per share amounts)20212020
Income (loss) from continuing operations attributable to Harsco Corporation common stockholders$1,462 $(8,782)
Weighted-average shares outstanding:
  Weighted-average shares outstanding - basic79,088 78,761 
  Dilutive effect of stock-based compensation927 
  Weighted-average shares outstanding - diluted80,015  78,761 
Earnings (loss) from continuing operations per common share, attributable to Harsco Corporation common stockholders:
Basic$0.02 $(0.11)
Diluted$0.02 $(0.11)
The following average outstanding stock-based compensation units were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share because the effect was either antidilutive or the market conditions for the performance share units were not met:
Three Months Ended
March 31
(In thousands)20212020
Restricted stock units0 749 
Stock appreciation rights847 2,643 
Performance share units1,013 940 


14.   Derivative Instruments, Hedging Activities and Fair Value

Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities
The Company uses derivative instruments, including foreign currency exchange forward contracts, interest rate swaps and CCIRs, to manage certain foreign currency and interest rate exposures.  Derivative instruments are viewed as risk management tools by the Company and are not used for trading or speculative purposes. All derivative instruments are recorded on the
21

Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at fair value.  The accounting for changes in the fair value of derivatives depends on the intended use of the derivative, whether the Company has elected to designate a derivative in a hedging relationship and apply hedge accounting and whether the hedging relationship has satisfied the criteria necessary to apply hedge accounting. Derivatives designated and qualifying as a hedge of the exposure to variability in expected future cash flows, or other types of forecasted transactions, are considered cash flow hedges. Hedge accounting generally provides for the matching of the timing of gain or loss recognition on the hedging instrument with the recognition of the earnings effect of the hedged forecasted transactions in a cash flow hedge. The Company may enter into derivative contracts that are intended to economically hedge certain of its risks, even though hedge accounting does not apply or the Company elects not to apply hedge accounting.

The Company primarily applies the market approach for recurring fair value measurements and endeavors to utilize the best available information.  Accordingly, the Company utilizes valuation techniques that maximize the use of observable inputs, such as forward rates, interest rates, the Company’s credit risk and counterparties’ credit risks, and which minimize the use of unobservable inputs.  The Company is able to classify fair value balances based on the ability to observe those inputs.  Foreign currency exchange forward contracts, interest rate swaps and CCIRs are based upon pricing models using market-based inputs (Level 2).  Model inputs can be verified and valuation techniques do not involve significant management judgment.
The fair value of outstanding derivative contracts recorded as assets and liabilities on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets was as follows:
(In thousands)Balance Sheet LocationFair Value of Derivatives Designated as Hedging InstrumentsFair Value of Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging InstrumentsTotal Fair Value
March 31, 2021    
Asset derivatives (Level 2):
Foreign currency exchange forward contractsOther current assets$502 $6,995 $7,497 
Total $502 $6,995 $7,497 
Liability derivatives (Level 2):
Foreign currency exchange forward contractsOther current liabilities$786 $2,144 $2,930 
Interest rate swapsOther current liabilities3,651 0 3,651 
Interest rate swapsOther liabilities3,151 0 3,151 
Total$7,588 $2,144 $9,732 
December 31, 2020    
Asset derivatives (Level 2):
Foreign currency exchange forward contractsOther current assets$900 $2,777 $3,677 
Total $900 $2,777 $3,677 
Liability derivatives (Level 2):
Foreign currency exchange forward contractsOther current liabilities$950 $4,098 $5,048 
Interest rate swapsOther current liabilities3,959 3,959 
Interest rate swapsOther liabilities3,718 3,718 
Total$8,627 $4,098 $12,725 

All of the Company's derivatives are recorded on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at gross amounts and not offset. All of the Company's interest rate swaps, CCIRs and certain foreign currency exchange forward contracts are transacted under ISDA documentation. Each ISDA master agreement permits the net settlement of amounts owed in the event of default. The Company's derivative assets and liabilities subject to enforceable master netting arrangements, if offset, would have resulted in a $1.6 million net liability at March 31, 2021 and at December 31, 2020 would not have resulted in a net asset or liability.






22

The effect of derivative instruments on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) was as follows:
Derivatives Designated as Hedging Instruments
Amount Recognized in
OCI on Derivatives
Location of Amount Reclassified from 
AOCI into Income 
Amount Reclassified from
AOCI into Income - Effective Portion or Equity
Three Months EndedThree Months Ended
March 31March 31
(In thousands)2021202020212020
Foreign currency exchange forward contracts$(1)$2,037 Product revenues$(50)$(1,404)
Interest rate swaps19 (3,578)Interest expense865 378 
CCIRs (a)
0 58 Interest expense0 305 
 $18 $(1,483) $815 $(721)
(a)    Amounts represent changes in foreign currency translation related to balances in AOCI.

The location and amount of gain (loss) recognized on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations was as follows:
Three Months Ended
March 31
20212020
(in thousands)Product RevenuesInterest ExpenseProduct RevenuesInterest Expense
Total amounts of line items presented in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations in which the effects of cash flow hedges are recorded$104,406 $(16,864)$107,252 $(12,649)
Interest rate swaps:
Gain or (loss) reclassified from AOCI into income0 (865)(378)
Foreign exchange contracts:
Gain or (loss) reclassified from AOCI into income50 0 1,404 
Amount excluded from effectiveness testing recognized in earnings based on changes in fair value28 0 183 
Amount excluded from the effectiveness testing recognized in earnings based on an amortization approach1  — — 
CCIRs:
Loss reclassified from AOCI into income0 0 (305)


Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments
 Location of Gain (Loss) Recognized in Income on DerivativesAmount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in Income on Derivatives (b)
Three Months Ended
March 31
(In thousands)20212020
Foreign currency exchange forward contractsCost of services and products sold$4,744 $5,542 
(b)      These gains (losses) offset amounts recognized in cost of services and products sold principally as a result of intercompany or third party foreign currency         
exposures.

Foreign Currency Exchange Forward Contracts
The Company conducts business in multiple currencies and, accordingly, is subject to the inherent risks associated with foreign exchange rate movements.  Foreign currency-denominated assets and liabilities are translated into U.S. dollars at the exchange rates existing at the respective consolidated balance sheet dates, and income and expense items are translated at the average exchange rates during the respective periods. 

23

The Company uses derivative instruments to hedge cash flows related to foreign currency fluctuations.  Foreign currency exchange forward contracts outstanding are part of a worldwide program to minimize foreign currency exchange operating income and balance sheet exposure by offsetting foreign currency exposures of certain future payments between the Company and various subsidiaries, suppliers or customers.  The unsecured contracts are with major financial institutions.  The Company may be exposed to credit loss in the event of non-performance by the contract counterparties.  The Company evaluates the creditworthiness of the counterparties and does not expect default by them.  Foreign currency exchange forward contracts are used to hedge commitments, such as foreign currency debt, firm purchase commitments and foreign currency cash flows for certain export sales transactions.
Changes in the fair value of derivatives used to hedge foreign currency denominated balance sheet items are reported directly in earnings, along with offsetting transaction gains and losses on the items being hedged.  Derivatives used to hedge forecasted cash flows associated with foreign currency commitments may be accounted for as cash flow hedges, as deemed appropriate, if the criteria for hedge accounting are met.  Gains and losses on derivatives designated as cash flow hedges are deferred in AOCI, a separate component of equity, and reclassified to earnings in a manner that matches the timing of the earnings impact of the hedged transactions.  The ineffective portion of all hedges, if any, is recognized currently in earnings.
The recognized gains and losses offset amounts recognized in cost of services and products sold principally as a result of intercompany or third-party foreign currency exposures. At March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 the notional amounts of foreign currency exchange forward contracts were $403.6 million and $460.5 million, respectively. These contracts are primarily denominated in British Pound Sterling and Euros and mature through October 2022.
In addition to foreign currency exchange forward contracts, the Company designates certain loans as hedges of net investments in international subsidiaries.  The Company recorded pre-tax net gains of $3.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and pre-tax net losses of $9.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 in AOCI.

Interest Rate Swaps
The Company uses interest rate swaps in conjunction with certain variable rate debt issuances in order to secure a fixed interest rate.  Changes in the fair value attributed to the effect of the swaps’ interest spread and changes in the credit worthiness of the counter-parties are recorded in AOCI. 

At March 31, 2021, the Company has entered into a series of interest rate swaps that are in effect through 2022 and have the effect of converting $200.0 million of the Term Loan Facility from floating-rate to fixed-rate.  The fixed rates provided by the swaps replace the adjusted LIBOR rate in the interest calculation, ranging from 2.71% for 2021 to 3.12% for 2022.

Cross-Currency Interest Rate Swaps
The Company may use CCIRs in conjunction with certain debt issuances in order to secure a fixed local currency interest rate. Under these CCIRs, the Company receives interest based on a fixed or floating U.S. dollar rate and pays interest on a fixed local currency rate based on the contractual amounts in dollars and the local currency, respectively. At maturity, there is also the payment of principal amounts between currencies. Changes in the fair value attributed to the effect of the swaps' interest spread and changes in the credit worthiness of the counter-parties are recorded in AOCI. Changes in value attributed to the effect of foreign currency fluctuations are recorded on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and offset currency fluctuation effects on the debt principal. The Company had no outstanding CCIRs at March 31, 2021.

Fair Value of Other Financial Instruments
The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued liabilities and short-term borrowings approximate fair value due to the short-term maturities of these assets and liabilities.  At March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 the total fair value of long-term debt (excluding deferred financing costs), including current maturities, was $1,364.7 million and $1,324.9 million, respectively, compared with a carrying value of $1,361.2 million and $1,300.5 million, respectively.  Fair values for debt are based on pricing models using market-based inputs (Level 2) for similar issues or on the current rates offered to the Company for debt of the same remaining maturities.









24

15. Review of Operations by Segment 
 Three Months Ended
March 31
(In thousands)20212020
Revenues From Continuing Operations (a)
  
Harsco Environmental$257,986 $241,559 
Harsco Clean Earth189,279 78,812 
Harsco Rail81,590 78,470 
Total Revenues From Continuing Operations$528,855 $398,841 
Operating Income (Loss) From Continuing Operations (a)
Harsco Environmental$25,935 $10,520 
Harsco Clean Earth3,178 4,245 
Harsco Rail4,664 6,472 
Corporate(8,953)(18,356)
Total Operating Income From Continuing Operations$24,824 $2,881 
Depreciation (a)
Harsco Environmental$25,717 $25,375 
Harsco Clean Earth5,337 2,621 
Harsco Rail1,211 1,215 
Corporate483 513 
Total Depreciation$32,748 $29,724 
Amortization (a)
Harsco Environmental$2,048 $1,936 
Harsco Clean Earth6,083 3,898 
Harsco Rail85 84 
Corporate (b)
751 639 
Total Amortization$8,967 $6,557 
Capital Expenditures (a)
Harsco Environmental$24,419 $24,748 
Harsco Clean Earth2,530 1,442 
Harsco Rail365 1,539 
Corporate68 58 
Total Capital Expenditures$27,382 $27,787 
(a)     The Company's acquisition of ESOL closed on April 6, 2020. See Note 3, Acquisitions and Dispositions, for additional details.
(b)     Amortization expense on Corporate relates to the amortization of deferred financing costs.

Reconciliation of Segment Operating Income to Income (Loss) From Continuing Operations Before Income Taxes and Equity Income
 Three Months Ended
March 31
(In thousands)20212020
Segment operating income$33,777��$21,237 
General Corporate expense(8,953)(18,356)
Operating income from continuing operations24,824 2,881 
Interest income585 193 
Interest expense(16,864)(12,649)
Unused debt commitment fees, amendment fees and loss on extinguishment of debt(5,258)(488)
Defined benefit pension income3,953 1,589 
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes and equity income$7,240 $(8,474)


16. Revenue Recognition

The Company recognizes revenues to depict the transfer of promised services and products to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to receive in exchange for those services or products. Service revenues include the Harsco Clean Earth Segment and the service components of the Harsco Environmental and Harsco Rail Segments. Product revenues include portions of the Harsco Environmental and Harsco Rail Segments.

25

A summary of the Company's revenues by primary geographical markets as well as by key product and service groups is as follows:
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2021
(In thousands)Harsco Environmental SegmentHarsco
Clean Earth
Segment
Harsco
Rail
Segment
Consolidated Totals
Primary Geographical Markets (a) (b):
North America$67,181 $189,279 $58,261 $314,721 
Western Europe112,171 0 16,633 128,804 
Latin America (c)
30,653 0 560 31,213 
Asia-Pacific23,370 0 6,136 29,506 
Middle East and Africa20,121 0 0 20,121 
Eastern Europe4,490 0 0 4,490 
Total Revenues$257,986 $189,279 $81,590 $528,855 
Key Product and Service Groups (a):
Environmental services related to resource recovery for metals manufacturing and related logistical services$225,060 $0 $0 $225,060 
Applied products29,785 0 0 29,785 
Environmental systems for aluminum dross and scrap processing3,141 0 0 3,141 
Railway track maintenance equipment0 0 46,440 46,440 
After market parts and services; safety and diagnostic technology0 0 26,769 26,769 
Railway contracting services0 0 8,381 8,381 
Waste processing, recycling, reuse and transportation solutions0 189,279 0 189,279 
Total Revenues$257,986 $189,279 $81,590 $528,855 


Three Months Ended
March 31, 2020
(In thousands)Harsco Environmental SegmentHarsco
Clean Earth
Segment
Harsco
Rail
Segment
Consolidated Totals
Primary Geographical Markets (a) (b):
North America$69,881 $78,812 $53,773 $202,466 
Western Europe96,317 18,164 114,481 
Latin America (c)
33,260 665 33,925 
Asia-Pacific21,996 5,868 27,864 
Middle East and Africa15,889 15,889 
Eastern Europe4,216 4,216 
Total Revenues$241,559 $78,812 $78,470 $398,841 
Key Product and Service Groups (a):
Environmental services related to resource recovery for metals manufacturing and related logistical services$207,596 $$$207,596 
Applied products30,262 0 30,262 
Environmental systems for aluminum dross and scrap processing3,701 3,701 
Railway track maintenance equipment42,615 42,615 
After market parts and services; safety and diagnostic technology31,200 31,200 
Railway contracting services4,655 4,655 
Waste processing, recycling, reuse and transportation solutions78,812 78,812 
Total Revenues$241,559 $78,812 $78,470 $398,841 
(a)    The Company's acquisition of ESOL closed on April 6, 2020. The results are included in the Harsco Clean Earth Segment. See Note 3, Acquisitions and Dispositions, for additional details.
26

(b)     Revenues are attributed to individual countries based on the location of the facility generating the revenue.
(c)     Includes Mexico.

The Company may receive payments in advance of earning revenue, which are treated as Advances on contracts on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The Company may recognize revenue in advance of being able to contractually invoice the customer, which is treated as Contract assets on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Non-current contract assets are included in Other assets on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Contract assets are transferred to Trade accounts receivable, net, when the right to payment becomes unconditional. Contract assets and Contract liabilities are reported as a net position, on a contract-by-contract basis, at the end of each reporting period. These instances are primarily related to the Harsco Rail Segment.

The Company had Contract assets totaling $79.1 million and $60.1 million at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. The increase is due principally to additional contract assets recognized in excess of the transfer of contract assets to accounts receivable, primarily in the Harsco Rail Segment. The Company had Advances on contracts totaling $72.5 million and $84.9 million at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. The decrease is due principally to the recognition of revenue on previously received Advances on contracts in excess of the receipt of new advances on contracts during the period, primarily in the Harsco Rail Segment. During the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company recognized approximately $17 million and $18 million, respectively, of revenue related to amounts previously included in Advances on contracts.
At March 31, 2021 the Harsco Environmental Segment had remaining, fixed, unsatisfied performance obligations where the expected contract duration exceeds one year totaling $74.7 million. Of this amount, $17.9 million is expected to be fulfilled by March 31, 2022, $16.7 million by March 31, 2023, $15.5 million by March 31, 2024, $15.2 million by March 31, 2025 and the remainder thereafter. These amounts exclude any variable fees, fixed fees subject to indexation and any performance obligations expected to be satisfied within one year.

At March 31, 2021 the Harsco Rail Segment had remaining, fixed, unsatisfied performance obligations where the expected contract duration exceeds one year totaling $299.5 million. Of this amount, $121.3 million is expected to be fulfilled by March 31, 2022, $102.8 million by March 31, 2023, $52.6 million by March 31, 2024, $14.5 million by March 31, 2025 and the remainder thereafter. These amounts exclude any variable fees, fixed fees subject to indexation and any performance obligations expected to be satisfied within one year.

The Company recognized an initial estimated forward loss provision related to the contracts with SBB of $45.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2016. The Company recorded an additional forward loss provision of $1.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2018. At March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 the remaining estimated forward loss provision of $3.8 million and $4.4 million, respectively, is included in the caption Other current liabilities on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The estimated forward loss provision represents the Company's best estimate based on currently available information. It is possible that the Company's overall estimate of costs to complete these contracts may increase, which would result in an additional estimated forward loss provision at such time.

The Company recognized $5.2 million and $10.1 million of revenues for the contracts with SBB on an over time basis, utilizing a cost-to-cost method for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The Company has substantially completed the first contract and is approximately 74% complete on the second contract with SBB as of March 31, 2021.

The Company provides assurance type warranties primarily for product sales in the Harsco Rail Segment. These warranties are typically not priced or negotiated separately (there is no option to separately purchase the warranty) or the warranty does not provide customers with a service in addition to the assurance that the product complies with agreed-upon specifications. Accordingly, such warranties do not represent separate performance obligations.

Concurrent to the ESOL acquisition, the Company entered into an agreement with Stericycle Inc. related to certain Stericycle, Inc. customers who receive services from both ESOL and other Stericycle, Inc. businesses under a single contractual arrangement. The revenue pertaining to services rendered to these customers are invoiced centrally through Stericycle, Inc. billing systems and ESOL's portion of the revenue, less a management fee, is then distributed to the Company.





27

17.   Other (Income) Expenses, Net

The major components of this Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations caption were as follows:
 Three Months Ended
March 31
(In thousands)20212020
Employee termination benefit costs$589 $5,455 
Other costs to exit activities238 176 
Impaired asset write-downs22 69 
Net gains(1,693)(19)
Other(68)52 
Other (income) expenses, net$(912)$5,733 


18. Components of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
AOCI is included on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity. The components of AOCI, net of the effect of income taxes, and activity for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2021 was as follows:
Components of AOCI, Net of Tax
(In thousands)Cumulative Foreign Exchange Translation AdjustmentsEffective Portion of Derivatives Designated as Hedging InstrumentsCumulative Unrecognized Actuarial Losses on Pension ObligationsUnrealized Gain (Loss) on Marketable SecuritiesTotal
Balance at December 31, 2019$(143,340)$(3,717)$(440,562)$(3)$(587,622)
OCI before reclassifications(71,472)(a)(1,042)(b)21,429 (a)(18)(51,103)
Amounts reclassified from AOCI, net of tax12,906 (645)8,840 21,101 
Total OCI(58,566)(1,687)30,269 (18)(30,002)
OCI attributable to noncontrolling interests1,148 1,148 
OCI attributable to Harsco Corporation(57,418)(1,687)30,269 (18)(28,854)
Balance at March 31, 2020$(200,758)$(5,404)$(410,293)$(21)$(616,476)

Components of AOCI, Net of Tax
(In thousands)Cumulative Foreign Exchange Translation AdjustmentsEffective Portion of Derivatives Designated as Hedging InstrumentsCumulative Unrecognized Actuarial Losses on Pension ObligationsUnrealized Gain (Loss) on Marketable SecuritiesTotal
Balance at December 31, 2020$(125,392)$(5,840)$(514,500)$(9)$(645,741)
OCI before reclassifications(3,296)(a)119 (b)(1,897)(a)17 (5,057)
Amounts reclassified from AOCI, net of tax570 5,716 6,286 
Total OCI(3,296)689 3,819 17 1,229 
OCI attributable to noncontrolling interests1,066 1,066 
OCI attributable to Harsco Corporation(2,230)689 3,819 17 2,295 
Balance at March 31, 2021$(127,622)$(5,151)$(510,681)$8 $(643,446)
(a)    Principally foreign currency fluctuation.
(b)     Net change from periodic revaluations.










28

Amounts reclassified from AOCI were as follows:
(In thousands)Three Months EndedLocation on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
March 31
20212020
Recognition of cumulative foreign currency translation adjustments:
Loss on substantial liquidation of subsidiaries (c)
$0 $12,906 Gain on sale of discontinued businesses
Amortization of cash flow hedging instruments:
Foreign currency exchange forward contracts$(50)$(1,404)Product revenues
CCIRs0 305 Interest expense
Interest rate swaps865 378 Interest expense
Total before taxes815 (721)
Income taxes(245)76 
Total reclassification of cash flow hedging instruments, net of tax$570 $(645)
Amortization of defined benefit pension items (d):
Actuarial losses$5,948 $5,080 Defined benefit pension income
Prior service costs127 107 Defined benefit pension income
Pension liability transfer - discontinued business0 5,363 Gain on sale of discontinued businesses
Total before taxes6,075 10,550 
Income taxes(359)(1,710)
Total reclassification of defined benefit pension items, net of tax$5,716 $8,840 
(c)    No tax impact.
(d)    These AOCI components are included in the computation of net periodic pension costs. See Note 10, Employee Benefit Plans, for additional details.
29

ITEM 2.                MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements as well as the audited consolidated financial statements of the Company, including the notes thereto, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 which includes additional information about the Company’s critical accounting policies, contractual obligations, practices and the transactions that support the financial results, and provides a more comprehensive summary of the Company’s outlook, trends and strategies for 2021 and beyond.
Certain amounts included in Item 2 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are rounded in millions and all percentages are calculated based on actual amounts.  As a result, minor differences may exist due to rounding.
Forward-Looking Statements
The nature of the Company's business, together with the number of countries in which it operates, subject it to changing economic, competitive, regulatory and technological conditions, risks and uncertainties. In accordance with the "safe harbor" provisions of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Company provides the following cautionary remarks regarding important factors that, among others, could cause future results to differ materially from the results contemplated by forward-looking statements, including the expectations and assumptions expressed or implied herein. Forward-looking statements contained herein could include, among other things, statements about management's confidence in and strategies for performance; expectations for new and existing products, technologies and opportunities and expectations regarding growth, sales, cash flows, and earnings. Forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of such terms as "may," "could," "expect," "anticipate," "intend," "believe," "likely," "estimate," "plan" or other comparable terms.
Factors that could cause actual results to differ, perhaps materially, from those implied by forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to: (1) changes in the worldwide business environment in which the Company operates, including changes in general economic conditions or changes due to COVID-19 and governmental and market reactions to COVID-19; (2) changes in currency exchange rates, interest rates, commodity and fuel costs and capital costs; (3) changes in the performance of equity and bond markets that could affect, among other things, the valuation of the assets in the Company's pension plans and the accounting for pension assets, liabilities and expenses; (4) changes in governmental laws and regulations, including environmental, occupational health and safety, tax and import tariff standards and amounts; (5) market and competitive changes, including pricing pressures, market demand and acceptance for new products, services and technologies; (6) the Company's inability or failure to protect its intellectual property rights from infringement in one or more of the many countries in which the Company operates; (7) failure to effectively prevent, detect or recover from breaches in the Company's cybersecurity infrastructure; (8) unforeseen business disruptions in one or more of the many countries in which the Company operates due to political instability, civil disobedience, armed hostilities, public health issues or other calamities; (9) disruptions associated with labor disputes and increased operating costs associated with union organization; (10) the seasonal nature of the Company's business; (11) the Company's ability to successfully enter into new contracts and complete new acquisitions or strategic ventures in the time-frame contemplated, or at all; (12) the integration of the Company's strategic acquisitions; (13) potential severe volatility in the capital markets; (14) failure to retain key management and employees; (15) the outcome of any disputes with customers, contractors and subcontractors; (16) the financial condition of the Company's customers, including the ability of customers (especially those that may be highly leveraged, have inadequate liquidity or whose business is significantly impacted by COVID-19) to maintain their credit availability; (17) implementation of environmental remediation matters; (18) risk and uncertainty associated with intangible assets and (19) other risk factors listed from time to time in the Company's SEC reports. A further discussion of these, along with other potential risk factors, can be found in Part I, Item 1A, "Risk Factors," of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, and Part II, Item 1A, Risk Factors herein. The Company cautions that these factors may not be exhaustive and that many of these factors are beyond the Company's ability to control or predict. Accordingly, forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as a prediction of actual results. The Company undertakes no duty to update forward-looking statements except as may be required by law.
30

Executive Overview

The Company is a market-leading, global provider of environmental solutions for industrial, retail and medical waste streams, and innovative equipment and technology for the rail sector. The Company's operations consist of three reportable segments: Harsco Environmental, Harsco Clean Earth and Harsco Rail. The Company is working towards transforming Harsco into a single-thesis environmental solutions company that is a global leader in the markets the Company serves. The Harsco Environmental Segment operates primarily under long-term contracts, providing critical environmental services and material processing to the global steel and metals industries, including zero waste solutions for manufacturing byproducts within the metals industry. The Harsco Clean Earth Segment provides waste management services including transportation, specialty waste processing, recycling and beneficial reuse solutions for hazardous waste, contaminated materials and dredged volumes. The Harsco Rail Segment is a provider of highly engineered maintenance equipment, after-market parts and safety and diagnostic systems which support railroad and transit customers worldwide. The Company has locations in approximately 30 countries, including the U.S. The Company was incorporated in 1956.

On March 10, 2021, the Company amended its Senior Secured Credit Facilities to, among other things, extend the maturity date of the Revolving Credit Facility to March 10, 2026, and to increase certain levels set forth in the total net leverage ratio covenant. In addition, the Company issued New Term Loans, using the proceeds to repay in full the outstanding Term Loan A and Term Loan B. The New Term Loans mature on March 10, 2028, or earlier, on the date that is 91 days prior to the maturity date of the Company's 5.75% Senior Notes due 2027 if such Senior Notes are outstanding or have not been refinanced at such time. See Note 9, Debt, in Part I, Item 1, "Financial Statements," for additional details.

Beginning in March 2020 overall global economic conditions were significantly impacted by COVID-19. The Company has operated as a provider of certain essential services since the onset of the pandemic, and it has taken actions to protect all stakeholders and to minimize the operational and financial impacts of COVID-19 during this period. Looking forward the duration and impact of COVID-19 on the Company is unclear, however business conditions have steadily improved since the second quarter of 2020 and the Company anticipates that business fundamentals will strengthen further in 2021. Please refer to the below discussion of business outlook and Part II, Item 1A, "Risk Factors" in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 for additional information related to the potential impacts of COVID-19 on the Company.

Highlights from the first quarter of 2021 include (refer to the discussion of segment and consolidated results included within Results of Operations below, as well as Liquidity and Capital Resources, for additional information pertaining to the key drivers impacting these highlights):

Revenues for the first quarter of 2021 increased approximately 33% compared with the first quarter of 2020. The primary drivers for these increases were the acquisition of ESOL and increased services demand in the Harsco Environmental Segment as well as the impact of foreign currency translation.
Operating income from continuing operations for the first quarter of 2021 increased $21.9 million compared with the first quarter of 2020. The primary drivers for these increases were increased services demand and higher contributions from applied products in the Harsco Environmental Segment, the acquisition of ESOL, acquisition and integration costs of approximately $14 million, primarily related to the ESOL acquisition, which were incurred during the first quarter of 2020, and employee termination benefit costs of approximately $5 million in the Harsco Environmental Segment which were incurred in the first quarter of 2020.
Diluted earnings per common share from continuing operations attributable to Harsco Corporation for the first quarter of 2021 was $0.02, an increase compared with the diluted loss per common share from continuing operations of $0.11 during first quarter of 2020. In addition to the factors noted above for revenue and operating income from continuing operations, the primary drivers of this increase noted above were partially offset by increased interest expense due to higher debt levels, debt-related transaction expenses and the effect of income taxes.
Cash flows used by operating activities for the first quarter of 2021 were $23.2 million, a decrease of $11.6 million compared with the Cash flows used by operating activities for the first quarter of 2020. The primary driver for this decrease was an unfavorable change in working capital, principally due to lower customer advances in the Harsco Rail Segment, partially offset by higher cash net income.
Capital expenditures for purchases of property, plant and equipment for the first quarter 2021 were $27.4 million, a decrease of $0.5 million or 1.8% compared with the first quarter of 2020.

The Company maintains a positive outlook across all businesses supported by favorable underlying growth characteristics in its businesses and investments by the Company to further supplement growth. Financial results, however, continue to be impacted by the global COVID-19 pandemic that began in 2020. This business pressure was most significant during the second and third quarters of 2020 and the scale and pace of the recovery varies by end market. With that said, economic conditions in the
31

Company's businesses have improved meaningfully since mid-2020 and the Company expects financial performance to improve further during 2021 as a result.

The Company’s view for the remainder of 2021 and beyond is supported by the following factors, which should be considered in the context of other risks, trends and strategies in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 together with those described at the beginning of this section:

The Harsco Environmental Segment operates throughout the world to support critical metal production. In 2021, financial performance of this segment is expected to strengthen versus 2020 as a result of improved demand for environmental services and applied products as well as increased commodity prices and positive contributions from new contracts or growth investments. Over the longer-term the Company expects that the Harsco Environmental Segment's return to growth will be driven by investments, innovation and economic growth that supports higher global steel consumption.
The Harsco Clean Earth Segment locations operate throughout the U.S. as an essential services provider, by performing critical environmental services. The segment's hazardous waste line of business is economically resilient as proven by its recovery from the pandemic, while its contaminated materials business has lagged in its recovery due to constraints on non-residential construction activity in certain geographies and governmental constraints on project spending. With that said, financial results for Clean Earth are expected to improve in 2021 as a result of organic growth within its hazardous waste processing business and the inclusion of ESOL for an additional quarter as well as the improvement benefits anticipated from the integration of ESOL. Beyond 2021, the Company expects this segment to benefit from further growth opportunities, positive underlying market trends and operational synergy opportunities as well as from the less cyclical and recurring nature of this business. These dynamics are expected to provide favorable returns on the Company's investments over time.
The Harsco Rail Segment continues to fulfill orders critical to global transportation, supported by recent actions to strengthen and increase its manufacturing capabilities and capacity. These operational investments are expected to enable the business to deliver on its backlog in the coming years. Through 2020, the Harsco Rail Segment was impacted by a decrease in certain short-cycle sales as a result of COVID-19. These pressures however appear to be easing, and the Company now expects that increased global demand for rail maintenance equipment and technology products as well as increased contract services demand will support improved financial performance in 2021 compared with the prior year. More broadly, the Harsco Rail Segment is supported by a record backlog and the longer-term outlook for this business remains strong, supported by future infrastructure investments, economic development in emerging economies, rail electrification in certain geographies, safety awareness and automation.
Additionally, the Company undertook significant actions to reduce corporate costs and capital spending in 2020 as a result of the pandemic. A portion of these costs that were reduced in 2020 will return in the current year. However the Company's disciplined approach to overall costs and free cash flow remains in place.
Interest expense for 2021 is expected to increase due to higher average debt balances following the purchase of ESOL.
Net periodic pension income will increase by approximately $8 million during 2021 which will primarily be reflected in the caption Defined benefit pension (income) expense on the Consolidated Statement of Operations. The increase is primarily the result of higher plan asset values at December 31, 2020.
The long-lived assets of the Altek Group within the Harsco Environmental Segment primarily consist of intangible assets which have a carrying value of $42.7 million at March 31, 2021. The Company tested the recoverability of Altek’s long-lived asset group in the fourth quarter of 2020, and no impairment was recorded. The Company has not identified any triggering events for the Altek asset group in the first quarter of 2021. However, if actual results prove inconsistent with the Company’s assumptions and judgments of the projected cash flows, it could result in impairment of the Altek intangible assets in future periods.
The Company is currently manufacturing seven multipurpose Stoneblower machines for the U.K.-based customer Network Rail under a long-term contract. Delivery of these machines have been delayed due to several factors, including customer expectations and requirements and COVID-19, and the Company's estimated delivery schedule would trigger liquidated damages. However, based on the nature of these delays and negotiations with the customer, the Company expects that it will get relief from the customer for most of these liquidated damages, and as such the Company's current estimate of contract revenues has not been reduced. However, if the Company is not granted relief, any adjustment to the estimate of these liquidated damages in the future could have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations in that period.






32




Results of Operations

Segment Results

Three Months Ended
March 31
(In millions, except percentages)20212020
Revenues:
     Harsco Environmental$258.0 $241.6 
     Harsco Clean Earth189.3 78.8 
     Harsco Rail81.6 78.5 
Total Revenues$528.9 $398.8 
Operating Income (Loss):
     Harsco Environmental$25.9 $10.5 
     Harsco Clean Earth3.2 4.2 
     Harsco Rail4.7 6.5 
     Corporate(9.0)(18.4)
Total Operating Income$24.8 $2.9 
Operating Margins:
     Harsco Environmental10.1 %4.4 %
     Harsco Clean Earth1.7 %5.4 %
     Harsco Rail5.7 %8.2 %
Consolidated Operating Margin4.7 %0.7 %

Harsco Environmental Segment:
March 31, 2021
Significant Effects on Revenues (In millions)
Three Months Ended
Revenues — 2020$241.6 
Net effects of price/volume changes, primarily attributable to volume changes11.0 
Impact of foreign currency translation7.2 
Net impact of new and lost contracts(1.3)
Other(0.5)
Revenues — 2021$258.0 

Factors Positively Affecting Operating Income:
Operating income was positively affected by improved overall steel production by customers under environmental services contracts.
Operating results for the first quarter of 2020 were negatively impacted by $5.2 million of employee termination benefit costs.
Operating income was positively affected by higher contributions from applied products during the first quarter of 2021 compared with the same period in the prior year.
Lower selling, general and administrative expenses improved operating income by $2.1 million during the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same period in the prior year.
Realization of Brazil sales and use tax credits of $1.8 million for the first quarter of 2021 as well as higher asset gains in the first quarter of 2021.

Factors Negatively Impacting Operating Income:
Impact of exited contracts occurring during the first quarter of 2021.
Foreign currency translation did not significantly impact operating income in the first quarter of 2021.





33





Harsco Clean Earth Segment:

The Company acquired ESOL on April 6, 2020 and the operating results are reflected in the Harsco Clean Earth Segment.

Significant Effects on Revenues (In millions)
Revenues—2020$78.8 
Impact of ESOL acquisition (a)
134.2 
Net effects of price/volume changes, primarily attributable to volume changes(23.6)
Other(0.1)
Revenues—2021$189.3 
(a) Reflects net revenue of ESOL for the three months ended March 31, 2021.

Operating Income for the first quarter of 2021 and the first quarter of 2020 was $3.2 million and $4.2 million, respectively, which included $6.1 million and $3.9 million of intangible asset amortization expense, respectively. The following factors contributed to the changes in operating income in first quarter of 2021.

Factors Positively Affecting Operating Income:
The ESOL acquisition contributed $7.0 million to operating income during the first quarter of 2021.

Factors Negatively Impacting Operating Income:
Decrease in contaminated material and dredging volume due principally to the impacts of COVID-19.
Increases in selling, general and administrative expenses of $2.3 million primarily to support the expanded business.
Harsco Rail Segment:
March 31, 2021
Significant Effects on Revenues (In millions)
Three Months Ended
Revenues — 2020$78.5 
Impact of foreign currency translation2.0 
Net effect of price/volume changes, primarily attributable to volume changes1.1 
Revenues — 2021$81.6 

Factors Positively Affecting Operating Income:
A favorable mix of equipment sales increased operating income during the first quarter of 2021.
Increased railway contracting services increased operating income during the first quarter of 2021 compared with the same period in the prior year.

Factors Negatively Impacting Operating Income:
The unfavorable mix and decrease in after-market parts sales decreased operating income during the first quarter of 2021 compared with the same period in the prior year as a result of lower end market demand.

Corporate Costs:
In addition to the factors highlighted above that positively affected or negatively impacted segment operating income, the Company's Corporate function was positively impacted by the reduction of acquisition related and integration costs of approximately $14 million during the first quarter of 2021, as compared to the first quarter of 2020, primarily related to the acquisition of ESOL. This was partially offset by increased insurance costs.
34


Consolidated Results
March 31
 Three Months Ended
(In millions, except per share amounts)20212020
Total revenues$528.9 $398.8 
Cost of services and products sold421.1 316.5 
Selling, general and administrative expenses83.0  72.5 
Research and development expenses0.8  1.3 
Other (income) expenses, net(0.9) 5.7 
Operating income from continuing operations24.8 2.9 
Interest income0.6  0.2 
Interest expense(16.9)(12.6)
Unused debt commitment fees, amendment fees and loss on extinguishment of debt(5.3)(0.5)
Defined benefit pension income4.0 1.6 
Income tax benefit (expense) from continuing operations(4.2)0.7 
Equity income (loss) of unconsolidated entities, net(0.1) 0.1 
Income (loss) from continuing operations2.9 (7.7)
Gain on sale of discontinued business 18.5 
Loss from discontinued businesses(1.8)(0.2)
Income tax expense (benefit) related to discontinued operations0.5 (9.3)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax(1.3)8.9 
Net income1.6 1.2 
Total other comprehensive income (loss)1.2 (30.0)
Total comprehensive income (loss)2.8 (28.8)
Diluted earnings (loss) per common share from continuing operations attributable to Harsco Corporation common stockholders0.02 (0.11)
Effective income tax rate for continuing operations58.4 %8.0 %

Comparative Analysis of Consolidated Results

Revenues
Revenues for the first quarter of 2021 increased $130.0 million or 32.6% from the first quarter of 2020. Foreign currency translation increased revenues by $9.3 million for the first quarter of 2021 compared with the same period in the prior year. Refer to the discussion of segment results above for information pertaining to factors positively affecting and negatively impacting revenues.

Cost of Services and Products Sold
Cost of services and products sold for the first quarter of 2021 increased $104.6 million or 33.1% from the first quarter of 2020. The changes in cost of services and products sold were attributable to the following significant items:
March 31, 2021
(In millions)Three Months Ended
Impact of ESOL acquisition$104.0 
Change in costs due to changes in revenues (exclusive of the ESOL acquisition and effects of foreign currency translation and including fluctuations in commodity costs included in selling prices)(11.0)
Impact of foreign currency translation9.1 
Other2.5 
Total change in cost of services and products sold — 2021 vs. 2020$104.6 

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
Selling, general and administrative expenses for the first quarter of 2021 increased $10.5 million or 14.5% from the first quarter of 2020. This increase primarily relates to the inclusion of selling, general and administrative expenses associated with the ESOL business partially offset by acquisition related and integration costs incurred during the first quarter of 2020 related to the acquisition of ESOL.



35

Other (Income) Expenses, Net
The major components of this Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations caption are as follows:
 Three Months Ended
March 31
(In thousands)20212020
Employee termination benefit costs$589 $5,455 
Other costs to exit activities238 176 
Impaired asset write-downs22 69 
Net gains(1,693)(19)
Other(68)52 
Other (income) expenses, net$(912)$5,733 

Interest Expense
Interest expense during the first quarter of 2021 increased by $4.2 million compared with the first quarter of 2020. This increase primarily relates to higher outstanding borrowings and weighted average interest rates as a result of the ESOL acquisition. 
Unused Debt Commitment Fees, Amendment Fees and Loss on Extinguishment of Debt
During the first quarter of 2021 the Company recognized $5.3 million of fees and other costs primarily related to the amended Senior Secured Credit Facilities.

During the first quarter of 2020 the Company recognized $0.5 million of fees and other costs primarily related to the amendment of the Senior Secured Credit Facilities.

Defined Benefit Pension Income
Defined benefit pension income for the first quarter of 2021 was $4.0 million, compared with defined benefit pension income of $1.6 million for the first quarter of 2020. This change is primarily the result of higher plan asset values at December 31, 2020.

Income Tax Expense (Benefit)
Income tax expense from continuing operations for the first quarter of 2021 was $4.2 million compared with an income tax benefit from continuing operations for the first quarter of 2020 of $0.7 million. This change primarily resulted from higher taxable income due to an improvement in operations and acquisition and integration expenses in 2020 not recurring in 2021, partially offset by debt refinancing expenses in 2021.

Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations
Income from continuing operations was $2.9 million for the first quarter of 2021 compared with Loss from continuing operations of $7.7 million for the first quarter of 2020. The primary drivers for these decreases are noted above.

Gain on Sale of Discontinued Business
In January 2020 the Company sold IKG and recognized a gain on sale of $18.5 million pre-tax (or approximately $9 million after-tax).

Loss from Discontinued Operations
The operating results of the former Harsco Industrial Segment and costs directly attributable to these operations, have been reflected as discontinued operations in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations for all periods presented. In addition, this caption includes costs directly attributable to retained contingent liabilities of the Harsco Industrial Segment. See Note 3, Acquisitions and Dispositions, in Part I, Item 1, Financial Statements.

Total Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Total other comprehensive income was $1.2 million in the first quarter of 2021 compared with Total other comprehensive loss of $30.0 million in the first quarter of 2020. The primary driver of the increase is due to the weakening of the U.S. dollar against certain currencies inclusive of the impact of foreign currency translation of cumulative unrecognized actuarial losses on the Company’s pension obligations in the first quarter of 2021, whereas there was a strengthening of the U.S. dollar against certain currencies in the first quarter of 2020.




36

Liquidity and Capital Resources
Cash Flow Summary
The Company currently expects to have sufficient financial liquidity and borrowing capacity to support the strategies within each of its businesses. The Company currently expects operational and business needs to be met by cash provided by operations supplemented with borrowings from time to time, principally under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities, due to historical patterns of seasonal cash flow, the funding of various projects and the impact of COVID-19. The Company regularly assesses capital needs in the context of operational trends and strategic initiatives.

The Company’s cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities, as reflected on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, are summarized in the following table:
 Three Months Ended
March 31
(In millions)20212020
Net cash provided (used) by:  
Operating activities$(23.2)$(11.5)
Investing activities(25.0)18.6 
Financing activities51.5 12.8 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash(0.7)(10.8)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash$2.7 $9.1 
Net cash used by operating activities Net cash used by operating activities in the first three months of 2021 was $23.2 million, a decrease of $11.6 million from the first three months of 2020.  The primary driver for this decrease was an unfavorable change in working capital, principally due to lower customer advances in the Harsco Rail Segment, partially offset by higher cash net income.

Net cash provided (used) by investing activities Net cash used by investing activities in the first three months of 2021 was $25.0 million, a decrease of $43.6 million from the cash provided in the first three months of 2020.  The decrease reflected proceeds from the sale of the IKG business not replicated in 2021 along with a decrease in net proceeds from the settlement of foreign currency forward contracts.

Net cash provided by financing activities Net cash provided by financing activities in the first three months of 2021 was $51.5 million, an increase of $38.7 million from the first three months of 2020.  The increase was primarily due to higher net cash borrowings of $60.9 million in the first three months of 2021 resulting primarily from the changes in operating and investing activities.

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash The increase is due to the impact of the significant strengthening of the U.S. dollar against certain currencies that occurred during the first three months of 2020 compared to less significant movement during the first three months of 2021 on the global cash balances held by the Company in these currencies, including balances held in the Company’s multicurrency cash pool.

Sources and Uses of Cash
The Company’s principal sources of liquidity are cash provided by operations and borrowings under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities, augmented by cash proceeds from asset sales. In addition, the Company has other bank credit facilities available throughout the world.  The Company expects to continue to utilize all of these sources to meet future cash requirements for operations and growth initiatives.
37

Summary of Senior Secured Credit Facilities and Notes:
(In millions)
March 31
2021
December 31
2020
By type:
     New Term Loan$500.0 $— 
     Term Loan A 280.0 
     Term Loan B 218.2 
     Revolving Credit Facility339.0 281.0 
5.75% Notes500.0 500.0 
     Total$1,339.0 $1,279.2 
By classification:
Current$3.8 $10.5 
Long-term1,335.2 1,268.7 
Total$1,339.0 $1,279.2 

 March 31, 2021
(In millions)Facility LimitOutstanding
Balance
Outstanding Letters of CreditAvailable
Credit
Revolving credit facility (a U.S.-based program)$700.0 $339.0 $25.4 $335.6 

Debt Covenants
The Senior Secured Credit Facilities contain a consolidated net debt to consolidated adjusted EBITDA ratio covenant, which is not to exceed 5.75 through December 31, 2021 and then decreasing quarterly until reaching 4.0 on March 31, 2023, and a minimum consolidated adjusted EBITDA to consolidated interest charges ratio covenant, which is not to be less than 3.0.  At March 31, 2021 the Company was in compliance with these covenants, as the total net debt to adjusted EBITDA ratio (as defined in the Credit Agreement) was 4.8 and total interest coverage ratio was 4.2. Based on balances and covenants in effect at March 31, 2021 the Company could increase net debt by $241.1 million and remain in compliance with these debt covenants. Alternatively, adjusted EBITDA could decrease by $41.9 million, and the Company would remain in compliance with these covenants. The Company has estimated the impact of COVID-19 on its financial position, results of operations and cash flows, and believes it will continue to maintain compliance with these covenants.  However, due to the inherent uncertainty of COVID-19 on the Company’s businesses, the Company’s estimates of compliance with these covenants could change in the future.

Cash Management
The Company has various cash management systems throughout the world that centralize cash in various bank accounts where it is economically justifiable and legally permissible to do so. These centralized cash balances are then redeployed to other operations to reduce short-term borrowings and to finance working capital needs or capital expenditures. Due to the transitory nature of cash balances, they are normally invested in bank deposits that can be withdrawn at will or in very liquid short-term bank time deposits and government obligations. The Company's policy is to use the largest banks in the various countries in which the Company operates. The Company monitors the creditworthiness of banks and, when appropriate, will adjust banking operations to reduce or eliminate exposure to less creditworthy banks.

At March 31, 2021 the Company's consolidated cash and cash equivalents included $77.0 million held by non-U.S. subsidiaries. At March 31, 2021 approximately 4.2% of the Company's consolidated cash and cash equivalents had regulatory restrictions that would preclude the transfer of funds with and among subsidiaries. Non-U.S. subsidiaries also held $22.3 million of cash and cash equivalents in consolidated strategic ventures. The strategic venture agreements may require strategic venture partner approval to transfer funds with and among subsidiaries. While the Company's remaining non-U.S. cash and cash equivalents can be transferred with and among subsidiaries, the majority of these non-U.S. cash balances will be used to support the ongoing working capital needs and continued growth of the Company's non-U.S. operations.


Recently Adopted and Recently Issued Accounting Standards
 
Information on recently adopted and recently issued accounting standards is included in Note 2, Recently Adopted and Recently Issued Accounting Standards, in Part I, Item 1, Financial Statements.

38


ITEM 3.     QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
 
Market risks have not changed significantly from those disclosed in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020.


ITEM 4.        CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

As of March 31, 2021, an evaluation was performed, under the supervision and with the participation of the Company's management, including the Company's Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company's disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Rule 13a-15 under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Based upon that evaluation, and subject to the exclusion below related to ESOL, such officers concluded that the Company's disclosure controls and procedures are effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports it files or submits under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (1) is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission's rules and forms and (2) is accumulated and communicated to the Company's management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow for timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

In accordance with interpretive guidance issued by SEC staff, companies are allowed to exclude acquired businesses from the assessment of internal control over financial reporting during the first year after completion of an acquisition and from the assessment of disclosure controls and procedures to the extent subsumed in such internal control over financial reporting (the “Internal Controls Guidance”). In accordance with the Internal Controls Guidance, as the Company acquired ESOL on April 6, 2020, management's evaluation and conclusion as to the effectiveness of the Company's disclosure controls and procedures as of March 31, 2021 excluded the portion of disclosure controls and procedures that are subsumed by internal control over financial reporting of ESOL. ESOL’s assets represented approximately 9% of the Company’s consolidated total assets, excluding the effects of purchase accounting, and its revenues represented approximately 25% of the Company's consolidated total revenues, as of and for the quarter ended March 31, 2021.

Material Weakness in the Excluded Acquired Business

On April 6, 2020 the Company acquired ESOL from Stericycle, Inc. As a result, the Company is currently integrating ESOL's operations into its overall system of internal control over financial reporting. Under the guidelines established by the SEC, companies are permitted to exclude acquisitions from their assessment of internal control over financial reporting during the year of acquisition. The Company expects to include ESOL in the assessment of internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2021.

Prior to the acquisition of ESOL, Stericycle, Inc. had identified two material weaknesses related to ESOL's internal control over financial reporting. A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement in annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. The first material weakness relates to not fully implementing and monitoring general information technology controls in the areas of user access and program change management for systems supporting Stericycle Inc.'s internal control process, including ESOL. The second material weakness relates to not fully designing, implementing and monitoring controls relevant to revenue and cost of disposal processes, including certain general information technology controls. While the Company has undertaken additional compensating processes and controls, the Company is not yet in a position to conclude that the material weaknesses have been remediated as of March 31, 2021. As a result, there is a risk that a material error may not be detected by the Company's internal control structure that could result in a material misstatement to ESOL's reported financial results, which are consolidated with the Company's results. The Company's management is in the process of remediating these material weaknesses.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

Other than the foregoing, there were no changes in the Company's internal control over financial reporting during the Company's most recent fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's internal control over financial reporting.
39

PART II — OTHER INFORMATION 

ITEM 1.        LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
Information on legal proceedings is included in Note 12, Commitments and Contingencies, in Part I, Item 1, Financial Statements.

ITEM 1A.     RISK FACTORS

The Company's risk factors as of March 31, 2021 have not changed materially from those described in Part 1, Item 1A, "Risk Factors" of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.


ITEM 2.       UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
On May 2, 2018 the Company announced that the Board of Directors adopted a share repurchase program, authorizing the Company to repurchase up to $75,000,000 of outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock through April 24, 2021. The Company did not purchase any shares of common stock under this program during the quarter ended March 31, 2021 or through April 24, 2021.
40

ITEM 6.        EXHIBITS

The following exhibits are included as part of this report by reference:
Exhibit
Number
 Description
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
31.1 
31.2
32 
101.DefDefinition Linkbase Document
101.PrePresentation Linkbase Document
101.LabLabels Linkbase Document
101.CalCalculation Linkbase Document
101.SchSchema Document
101.Ins Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.
41

SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
   HARSCO CORPORATION
   (Registrant)
    
    
DATEMay 4, 2021 /s/ PETER F. MINAN
   Peter F. Minan
   Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
   (On behalf of the registrant and as Principal Financial Officer)
DATEMay 4, 2021 /s/ SAMUEL C. FENICE
   Samuel C. Fenice
   Vice President and Corporate Controller
   (Principal Accounting Officer)
42