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HFC HollyFrontier

Filed: 5 May 21, 4:06pm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_________________________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
_________________________________________________________________
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from    __________   to   ____________         
Commission File Number 1-3876
_________________________________________________________________
HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware75-1056913
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
2828 N. Harwood, Suite 1300
Dallas, Texas75201
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
(214) 871-3555
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
_________________________________________________________________
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Securities registered pursuant to 12(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock $0.01 par valueHFCNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filerNon-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes      No  
162,442,987 shares of Common Stock, par value $.01 per share, were outstanding on April 30, 2021.


HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
INDEX
 
2

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

References herein to HollyFrontier Corporation (“HollyFrontier”) include HollyFrontier and its consolidated subsidiaries. In accordance with the Securities and Exchange Commission’s (“SEC”) “Plain English” guidelines, this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q has been written in the first person. In this document, the words “we,” “our,” “ours” and “us” refer only to HollyFrontier and its consolidated subsidiaries or to HollyFrontier or an individual subsidiary and not to any other person with certain exceptions. Generally, the words “we,” “our,” “ours” and “us” include Holly Energy Partners, L.P. (“HEP”) and its subsidiaries as consolidated subsidiaries of HollyFrontier, unless when used in disclosures of transactions or obligations between HEP and HollyFrontier or its other subsidiaries. This document contains certain disclosures of agreements that are specific to HEP and its consolidated subsidiaries and do not necessarily represent obligations of HollyFrontier. When used in descriptions of agreements and transactions, “HEP” refers to HEP and its consolidated subsidiaries.

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains certain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the federal securities laws. All statements, other than statements of historical fact included in this Form 10-Q, including, but not limited to, those under “Results of Operations,” “Liquidity and Capital Resources” and “Risk Management” in Part I, Item 2 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and those in Part II, Item 1 “Legal Proceedings” are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements use words such as “anticipate,” “project,” “expect,” “plan,” “goal,” “forecast,” “intend,” “should,” “would,” “could,” “believe,” “may,” and similar expressions and statements regarding our plans and objectives for future operations. These statements are based on management’s beliefs and assumptions using currently available information and expectations as of the date hereof, are not guarantees of future performance and involve certain risks and uncertainties. Unless specifically noted, all statements concerning our expectations for future results of operations are based on forecasts for our existing operations and do not include the potential impact of any future acquisitions. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in these forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot assure you that our expectations will prove to be correct. Therefore, actual outcomes and results could materially differ from what is expressed, implied or forecast in these statements. Any differences could be caused by a number of factors including, but not limited to:

our ability to successfully close the pending Puget Sound refinery transaction, or, once closed, integrate the operation of the Puget Sound refinery with our existing operations;
the extraordinary market environment and effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, including a significant decline in demand for refined petroleum products in markets that we serve;
risks and uncertainties with respect to the actions of actual or potential competitive suppliers and transporters of refined petroleum products or lubricant and specialty products in our markets;
the spread between market prices for refined products and market prices for crude oil;
the possibility of constraints on the transportation of refined products or lubricant and specialty products;
the possibility of inefficiencies, curtailments or shutdowns in refinery operations or pipelines, whether due to infection in the workforce or in response to reductions in demand;
the effects of current and/or future governmental and environmental regulations and policies, including the effects of current and/or future restrictions on various commercial and economic activities in response to the COVID-19 pandemic;
the availability and cost of our financing;
the effectiveness of our capital investments and marketing strategies;
our efficiency in carrying out and consummating construction projects, including our ability to complete announced capital projects, such as the conversion of the Cheyenne Refinery to a renewable diesel facility and the construction of the Artesia renewable diesel unit and pretreatment unit, on time and within budget;
our ability to timely obtain or maintain permits, including those necessary for operations or capital projects,
our ability to acquire refined or lubricant product operations or pipeline and terminal operations on acceptable terms and to integrate any existing or future acquired operations;
the possibility of terrorist or cyberattacks and the consequences of any such attacks;
general economic conditions, including uncertainty regarding the timing, pace and extent of an economic recovery in the United States;
continued deterioration in gross margins or a prolonged economic slowdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic which could result in an impairment of goodwill and/or additional long-lived asset impairments; and
other financial, operational and legal risks and uncertainties detailed from time to time in our SEC filings.

3

Cautionary statements identifying important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from our expectations are set forth in this Form 10-Q, including without limitation the forward-looking statements that are referred to above. You should not put any undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. When considering forward-looking statements, you should keep in mind the risk factors and other cautionary statements set forth under the heading “Risk Factors” included in Item 1A in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 and Part II, Item 1A of this Form 10-Q and in conjunction with the discussion in this Form 10-Q in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” under the headings “Outlook” and “Liquidity and Capital Resources.” All forward-looking statements included in this Form 10-Q and all subsequent written or oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by these cautionary statements. The forward-looking statements speak only as of the date made and, other than as required by law, we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
4

DEFINITIONS

Within this report, the following terms have these specific meanings:

BPD” means the number of barrels per calendar day of crude oil or petroleum products.

BPSD” means the number of barrels per stream day (barrels of capacity in a 24 hour period) of crude oil or petroleum products.

Base oil” is a lubricant grade oil initially produced from refining crude oil or through chemical synthesis that is used in producing lubricant products such as lubricating greases, motor oil and metal processing fluids.

Black wax crude oil” is a low sulfur, low gravity crude oil produced in the Uintah Basin in Eastern Utah that has certain characteristics that require specific facilities to transport, store and refine into transportation fuels.

Cracking” means the process of breaking down larger, heavier and more complex hydrocarbon molecules into simpler and lighter molecules.

Crude oil distillation” means the process of distilling vapor from liquid crudes, usually by heating, and condensing the vapor slightly above atmospheric pressure turning it back to liquid in order to purify, fractionate or form the desired products.

FCC,” or fluid catalytic cracking, means a refinery process that breaks down large complex hydrocarbon molecules into smaller more useful ones using a circulating bed of catalyst at relatively high temperatures.

LPG” means liquid petroleum gases.

Lubricant” or “lube” means a solvent neutral paraffinic product used in commercial heavy duty engine oils, passenger car oils and specialty products for industrial applications such as heat transfer, metalworking, rubber and other general process oil.

MMBTU” means one million British thermal units.

Rack back” represents the portion of our Lubricants and Specialty Products business operations that entails the processing of feedstocks into base oils.

Rack forward” represents the portion of our Lubricants and Specialty Products business operations that entails the processing of base oils into finished lubricants and the packaging, distribution and sale to customers.

Refinery gross margin” means the difference between average net sales price and average cost per barrel sold. This does not include the associated depreciation and amortization costs.

Renewable diesel” means a diesel fuel derived from vegetable oils or animal fats that is produced through various processes, most commonly through hydrotreating, reacting the feedstock with hydrogen under temperatures and pressure in the presence of a catalyst.

“RINs” means renewable identification numbers and refers to serial numbers assigned to credits generated from renewable fuel production under the Environmental Protection Agency’s Renewable Fuel Standard (“RFS”) regulations, which require blending renewable fuels into the nation’s fuel supply. In lieu of blending, refiners may purchase these transferable credits in order to comply with the regulations.

Sour crude oil” means crude oil containing quantities of sulfur greater than 0.4 percent by weight, while “sweet crude oil” means crude oil containing quantities of sulfur equal to or less than 0.4 percent by weight.

Vacuum distillation” means the process of distilling vapor from liquid crudes, usually by heating, and condensing the vapor below atmospheric pressure turning it back to a liquid in order to purify, fractionate or form the desired products.

“White oil” is an extremely pure, highly-refined petroleum product that has a wide variety of applications ranging from pharmaceutical to cosmetic products.

“WTI” means West Texas Intermediate and is a grade of crude oil used as a common benchmark in oil pricing. WTI is a sweet crude oil and has a relatively low density.


5

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements
HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share data)
March 31,
2021
December 31, 2020
 (Unaudited)
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents (HEP:$19,753 and $21,990, respectively)
$1,193,428 $1,368,318 
Accounts receivable: Product and transportation (HEP: $17,451 and $14,543, respectively)
687,154 590,526 
Crude oil resales91,613 39,510 
778,767 630,036 
Inventories: Crude oil and refined products1,436,602 989,296 
Materials, supplies and other (HEP: $976 and $895, respectively)
180,246 184,180 
1,616,848 1,173,476 
Income taxes receivable65,274 91,348 
Prepayments and other (HEP: $4,718 and $8,591, respectively)
45,959 47,583 
Total current assets3,700,276 3,310,761 
Properties, plants and equipment, at cost (HEP: $2,141,710 and $2,119,295, respectively)
7,441,262 7,299,517 
Less accumulated depreciation (HEP: $(660,692) and $(644,149), respectively)
(2,799,243)(2,726,378)
4,642,019 4,573,139 
Operating lease right-of-use assets (HEP: $71,766 and $72,480, respectively)
340,514 350,548 
Other assets: Turnaround costs
308,726 314,816 
Goodwill (HEP: $312,873 and $312,873, respectively)
2,293,422 2,293,935 
Intangibles and other (HEP: $218,893 and $224,430, respectively)
649,860 663,665 
3,252,008 3,272,416 
Total assets$11,934,817 $11,506,864 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable (HEP: $30,320 and $28,565, respectively)
$1,266,690 $1,000,959 
Income taxes payable12,424 1,801 
Operating lease liabilities (HEP: $3,867 and $3,827, respectively)
95,898 97,937 
Accrued liabilities (HEP: $13,660 and $29,518, respectively)
382,296 274,459 
Total current liabilities1,757,308 1,375,156 
Long-term debt (HEP: $1,388,335 and $1,405,603, respectively)
3,126,091 3,142,718 
Noncurrent operating lease liabilities (HEP: $68,273 and $68,454, respectively)
275,382 285,785 
Deferred income taxes (HEP: $451 and $449, respectively)
671,241 713,703 
Other long-term liabilities (HEP: $48,504 and $55,105, respectively)
266,749 267,299 
Equity:
HollyFrontier stockholders’ equity:
Preferred stock, $1.00 par value – 5,000,000 shares authorized; NaN issued
Common stock $.01 par value – 320,000,000 shares authorized; 256,046,051 shares issued as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 20202,560 2,560 
Additional capital4,216,816 4,207,672 
Retained earnings4,003,733 3,913,179 
Accumulated other comprehensive income4,658 13,462 
Common stock held in treasury, at cost – 93,603,064 and 93,632,391 shares as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively(2,968,580)(2,968,512)
Total HollyFrontier stockholders’ equity5,259,187 5,168,361 
Noncontrolling interest578,859 553,842 
Total equity5,838,046 5,722,203 
Total liabilities and equity$11,934,817 $11,506,864 

Parenthetical amounts represent asset and liability balances attributable to Holly Energy Partners, L.P. (“HEP”) as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020. HEP is a variable interest entity.

See accompanying notes.
6

HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
(In thousands, except per share data)

 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20212020
Sales and other revenues$3,504,293 $3,400,545 
Operating costs and expenses:
Cost of products sold (exclusive of depreciation and amortization):
Cost of products sold (exclusive of lower of cost or market inventory valuation adjustment)2,960,305 2,693,726 
Lower of cost or market inventory valuation adjustment(200,037)560,464 
2,760,268 3,254,190 
Operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)399,909 328,345 
Selling, general and administrative expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)81,975 87,737 
Depreciation and amortization124,079 140,575 
Total operating costs and expenses3,366,231 3,810,847 
Income (loss) from operations138,062 (410,302)
Other income (expense):
Earnings of equity method investments1,763 1,714 
Interest income1,031 4,073 
Interest expense(38,386)(22,639)
Gain on tariff settlement51,500 
Loss on early extinguishment of debt(25,915)
Loss on foreign currency transactions(1,317)(4,233)
Other, net1,890 1,850 
16,481 (45,150)
Income (loss) before income taxes154,543 (455,452)
Income tax expense (benefit):
Current11,165 (11,440)
Deferred(39,472)(150,726)
(28,307)(162,166)
Net income (loss)182,850 (293,286)
Less net income attributable to noncontrolling interest34,633 11,337 
Net income (loss) attributable to HollyFrontier stockholders$148,217 $(304,623)
Earnings (loss) per share:
Basic$0.90 $(1.88)
Diluted$0.90 $(1.88)
Average number of common shares outstanding:
Basic162,479 161,873 
Diluted162,479 161,873 

See accompanying notes.
7

HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)
 
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20212020
Net income (loss)$182,850 $(293,286)
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Foreign currency translation adjustment(5,863)(21,586)
Hedging instruments:
Change in fair value of cash flow hedging instruments(18,517)(6,748)
Reclassification adjustments to net income (loss) on settlement of cash flow hedging instruments13,875 (6,576)
Net unrealized loss on hedging instruments(4,642)(13,324)
Pension and other post-retirement benefit obligations:
Actuarial loss on pension plans(45)
Pension plans gain reclassified to net income(101)
Actuarial gain on post-retirement healthcare plans
Post-retirement healthcare plans gain reclassified to net income(838)
Retirement restoration plan loss reclassified to net income
Net change in pension and other post-retirement benefit obligations(930)(42)
Other comprehensive loss before income taxes(11,435)(34,952)
Income tax benefit(2,631)(8,029)
Other comprehensive loss(8,804)(26,923)
Total comprehensive income (loss)174,046 (320,209)
Less noncontrolling interest in comprehensive income34,633 11,337 
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to HollyFrontier stockholders$139,413 $(331,546)

See accompanying notes.

8

HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 20212020
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income (loss)$182,850 $(293,286)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization124,079 140,575 
Lower of cost or market inventory valuation adjustment(200,037)560,464 
Earnings of equity method investments, inclusive of distributions(617)(1,164)
Loss on early extinguishment of debt25,915 
Gain on sale of assets(425)(312)
Deferred income taxes(39,472)(150,726)
Equity-based compensation expense9,770 6,330 
Change in fair value – derivative instruments3,783 (41,641)
(Increase) decrease in current assets:
Accounts receivable(145,891)301,535 
Inventories(241,238)(50,468)
Income taxes receivable25,844 (816)
Prepayments and other3,830 6,741 
Increase (decrease) in current liabilities:
Accounts payable266,163 (328,222)
Income taxes payable10,335 (11,056)
Accrued liabilities95,041 16,892 
Turnaround expenditures(24,817)(38,653)
Other, net(6,872)47,990 
Net cash provided by operating activities62,326 190,098 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Additions to properties, plants and equipment(116,743)(64,807)
Additions to properties, plants and equipment – HEP(33,218)(18,942)
Investment in equity company - HEP(2,345)
Distributions in excess of equity earnings2,897 
Net cash used for investing activities(147,064)(86,094)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Borrowings under credit agreements73,000 112,000 
Repayments under credit agreements(90,500)(67,000)
Proceeds from issuance of senior notes - HEP500,000 
Redemption of senior notes - HEP(522,500)
Purchase of treasury stock(12)(1,062)
Dividends(57,663)(57,248)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests(19,977)(33,918)
Contributions from noncontrolling interests6,332 7,304 
Payments on finance leases(673)(410)
Deferred financing costs(8,478)
Other, net(68)(145)
Net cash used for financing activities(89,561)(71,457)
Effect of exchange rate on cash flow(591)(8,583)
Cash and cash equivalents:
Increase (decrease) for the period(174,890)23,964 
Beginning of period1,368,318 885,162 
End of period$1,193,428 $909,126 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
Cash (paid) received during the period for:
Interest$(18,532)$(26,707)
Income taxes, net$24,649 $(1,201)
Decrease in accrued and unpaid capital expenditures$(2,816)$(9,914)

See accompanying notes.
9


HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY
(Unaudited)
(In thousands except per share data)

HollyFrontier Stockholders' Equity
Common Stock Additional CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive IncomeTreasury StockNon-controlling InterestTotal
Equity
 
Balance at December 31, 2020$2,560 $4,207,672 $3,913,179 $13,462 $(2,968,512)$553,842 $5,722,203 
Net income— — 148,217 — — 34,633 182,850 
Dividends ($0.35 declared per common share)— — (57,663)— — — (57,663)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest holders— — — — — (19,977)(19,977)
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax— — — (8,804)— — (8,804)
Issuance of common stock under incentive compensation plans— 56 — — (56)— — 
Equity-based compensation— 9,088 — — — 682 9,770 
Purchase of treasury stock— — — — (12)— (12)
Purchase of HEP units for restricted grants— — — — — (68)(68)
Contributions from noncontrolling interests— — — — — 9,747 9,747 
Balance at March 31, 2021$2,560 $4,216,816 $4,003,733 $4,658 $(2,968,580)$578,859 $5,838,046 

HollyFrontier Stockholders' Equity
Common Stock Additional CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive IncomeTreasury StockNon-controlling InterestTotal
Equity
 
Balance at December 31, 2019$2,560 $4,204,547 $4,744,120 $14,774 $(2,987,808)$531,233 $6,509,426 
Net income (loss)— — (304,623)— — 11,337 (293,286)
Dividends ($0.35 declared per common share)— — (57,248)— — — (57,248)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest holders— — — — — (33,918)(33,918)
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax— — — (26,923)— — (26,923)
Issuance of common stock under incentive compensation plans— (2,037)— — 2,037 — — 
Equity-based compensation— 5,824 — — — 506 6,330 
Purchase of treasury stock— — — — (1,062)— (1,062)
Purchase of HEP units for restricted grants— — — — — (145)(145)
Contributions from noncontrolling interests— — — — — 7,304 7,304 
Balance at March 31, 2020$2,560 $4,208,334 $4,382,249 $(12,149)$(2,986,833)$516,317 $6,110,478 

See accompanying notes.
10

HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 1:Description of Business and Presentation of Financial Statements

References herein to HollyFrontier Corporation (“HollyFrontier”) include HollyFrontier and its consolidated subsidiaries. In accordance with the Securities and Exchange Commission’s (“SEC”) “Plain English” guidelines, this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q has been written in the first person. In these financial statements, the words “we,” “our,” “ours” and “us” refer only to HollyFrontier and its consolidated subsidiaries or to HollyFrontier or an individual subsidiary and not to any other person, with certain exceptions. Generally, the words “we,” “our,” “ours” and “us” include Holly Energy Partners, L.P. (“HEP”) and its subsidiaries as consolidated subsidiaries of HollyFrontier, unless when used in disclosures of transactions or obligations between HEP and HollyFrontier or its other subsidiaries. These financial statements contain certain disclosures of agreements that are specific to HEP and its consolidated subsidiaries and do not necessarily represent obligations of HollyFrontier. When used in descriptions of agreements and transactions, “HEP” refers to HEP and its consolidated subsidiaries.

We are an independent petroleum refiner and marketer that produces high-value light products such as gasoline, diesel fuel, jet fuel, specialty lubricant products and specialty and modified asphalt. We own and operate petroleum refineries that serve markets throughout the Mid-Continent, Southwest and Rocky Mountain geographic regions of the United States. In addition, we produce base oils and other specialized lubricants in the United States, Canada and the Netherlands, with retail and wholesale marketing of our products through a global sales network with locations in Canada, the United States, Europe, China and Latin America.

As of March 31, 2021, we:
owned and operated a petroleum refinery in El Dorado, Kansas (the “El Dorado Refinery”), 2 refinery facilities located in Tulsa, Oklahoma (collectively, the “Tulsa Refineries”), a refinery in Artesia, New Mexico that is operated in conjunction with crude oil distillation and vacuum distillation and other facilities situated 65 miles away in Lovington, New Mexico (collectively, the “Navajo Refinery”) and a refinery in Woods Cross, Utah (the “Woods Cross Refinery”);
owned a facility in Cheyenne, Wyoming, which operated as a petroleum refinery until early August 2020, at which time its assets began to be converted to renewable diesel production (the “Cheyenne Refinery”);
owned and operated Petro-Canada Lubricants Inc. (“PCLI”) located in Mississauga, Ontario, which produces base oils and other specialized lubricant products;
owned and operated manufacturing facilities in Petrolia, Pennsylvania and the Netherlands, which produce specialty lubricant products for our Sonneborn business, such as white oils, petrolatums and waxes;
owned and operated Red Giant Oil Company LLC (“Red Giant Oil”), which supplies locomotive engine oil and has storage and distribution facilities in Iowa and Wyoming, along with a blending and packaging facility in Texas;
owned and operated HollyFrontier Asphalt Company LLC (“HFC Asphalt”), which operates various asphalt terminals in Arizona, New Mexico and Oklahoma; and
owned a 57% limited partner interest and a non-economic general partner interest in HEP, a variable interest entity (“VIE”). HEP owns and operates logistic assets consisting of petroleum product and crude oil pipelines, terminals, tankage, loading rack facilities and refinery processing units that principally support our refining and marketing operations in the Mid-Continent, Southwest and Rocky Mountain geographic regions of the United States.

On May 4, 2021, HollyFrontier Puget Sound Refining LLC (the “Purchaser”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of HollyFrontier Corporation, entered into a sale and purchase agreement with Equilon Enterprises LLC d/b/a Shell Oil Products US (the “Seller”) to acquire Seller’s refinery and related assets, including the on-site cogeneration facility and related logistics assets (the “Puget Sound Refinery”), for a base cash purchase price of $350 million plus hydrocarbon inventory to be valued at closing with an estimated current value in the range of $150 million to $180 million (the “Acquisition”). The Puget Sound Refinery is strategically located on approximately 850 acres in Anacortes, Washington, approximately 80 miles north of Seattle and 90 miles south of Vancouver. The 149,000 barrel per day facility is a large, high quality and complex refinery with catalytic cracking and delayed coking units and is well positioned geographically and logistically to source advantaged Canadian and Alaskan North Slope crudes. In addition to refining assets and an on-site cogeneration facility, the transaction includes a deep-water marine dock, a light product loading rack, a rail terminal, and storage tanks with approximately 5.8 million barrels of crude, product and other hydrocarbon storage capacity. The Acquisition is expected to close in the fourth quarter of 2021, subject to regulatory clearance and other customary closing conditions. We expect to fund the Acquisition with a one-year suspension of our regular quarterly dividend and cash on hand.
11

HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited) Continued
In the third quarter of 2020, we permanently ceased petroleum refining operations at our Cheyenne Refinery and subsequently began converting certain assets at our Cheyenne Refinery to renewable diesel production. In connection with the cessation of petroleum refining operations at our Cheyenne Refinery, we recognized $8.3 million in decommissioning expense and $0.5 million in employee severance costs for the three months ended March 31, 2021, which were recognized in operating expenses in our Corporate and Other segment.

During the first quarter of 2021, we initiated a restructuring within our Lubricants and Specialty Products segment. As a result of this restructuring, we recorded $7.8 million in employee severance costs for the three months ended March 31, 2021, which were recognized primarily as selling, general and administrative expenses in our Lubricants and Specialty Products segment.
We have prepared these consolidated financial statements without audit. In management’s opinion, these consolidated financial statements include all normal recurring adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of our consolidated financial position as of March 31, 2021, the consolidated results of operations, comprehensive income, statements of equity and cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 in accordance with the rules and regulations of the SEC. Although certain notes and other information required by generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted, we believe that the disclosures in these consolidated financial statements are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 that has been filed with the SEC.

Our results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations to be realized for the year ending December 31, 2021.

Accounts Receivable: Our accounts receivable consist of amounts due from customers that are primarily companies in the petroleum industry. Credit is extended based on our evaluation of the customer’s financial condition, and in certain circumstances collateral, such as letters of credit or guarantees, is required. We reserve for expected credit losses based on our historical loss experience as well as expected credit losses from current economic conditions and management’s expectations of future economic conditions. Credit losses are charged to the allowance for expected credit losses when an account is deemed uncollectible. Our allowance for expected credit losses was $3.9 million at March 31, 2021 and $3.4 million at December 31, 2020.

Inventories: Inventories related to our refining operations are stated at the lower of cost, using the last-in, first-out (“LIFO”) method for crude oil and unfinished and finished refined products, or market. In periods of rapidly declining prices, LIFO inventories may have to be written down to market value due to the higher costs assigned to LIFO layers in prior periods. In addition, the use of the LIFO inventory method may result in increases or decreases to cost of sales in years that inventory volumes decline as the result of charging cost of sales with LIFO inventory costs generated in prior periods. An actual valuation of inventory under the LIFO method is made at the end of each year based on the inventory levels at that time. Accordingly, interim LIFO calculations are based on management’s estimates of expected year-end inventory levels and are subject to the final year-end LIFO inventory valuation.

Inventories of our Petro-Canada Lubricants and Sonneborn businesses are stated at the lower of cost, using the first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) method, or net realizable value.

Inventories consisting of process chemicals, materials and maintenance supplies and renewable identification numbers (“RINs”) are stated at the lower of weighted-average cost or net realizable value.

Leases: At inception, we determine if an arrangement is or contains a lease. Right-of-use (“ROU”) assets represent our right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent our payment obligation under the leasing arrangement. ROU assets and lease liabilities are recognized at the commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. We use our estimated incremental borrowing rate (“IBR”) to determine the present value of lease payments as most of our leases do not contain an implicit rate. Our IBR represents the interest rate which we would pay to borrow, on a collateralized basis, an amount equal to the lease payments over a similar term in a similar economic environment. We use the implicit rate when readily determinable.

Operating leases are recorded in operating lease right-of-use assets and current and noncurrent operating lease liabilities on our consolidated balance sheet. Finance leases are included in properties, plants and equipment and accrued liabilities and other long-term liabilities on our consolidated balance sheet.

12

HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited) Continued
Our lease term includes an option to extend the lease when it is reasonably certain that we will exercise that option. Leases with a term of 12 months or less are not recorded on our balance sheet. For certain equipment leases, we apply a portfolio approach for the operating lease ROU assets and liabilities. Also, as a lessee, we separate non-lease components that are identifiable and exclude them from the determination of net present value of lease payment obligations. In addition, HEP, as a lessor, does not separate the non-lease (service) component in contracts in which the lease component is the dominant component. HEP treats these combined components as a lease.

Goodwill and Long-lived Assets: As of March 31, 2021, our goodwill balance was $2.3 billion, with goodwill assigned to our Refining, Lubricants and Specialty Products and HEP segments of $1,733.5 million, $247.1 million and $312.9 million, respectively. See Note 14 for additional information on our segments. The carrying amount of our goodwill may fluctuate from period to period due to the effects of foreign currency translation adjustments on goodwill assigned to our Lubricants and Specialty Products segment. Goodwill represents the excess of the cost of an acquired entity over the fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed. Goodwill is not subject to amortization and is tested annually or more frequently if an event occurs or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of a reporting unit below its carrying amount. Our goodwill impairment testing first entails either a quantitative assessment or an optional qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. If we determine that based on the qualitative factors that it is more likely than not that the carrying amount of the reporting unit is greater than its fair value, a quantitative test is performed in which we estimate the fair value of the related reporting unit. If the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, the goodwill of that reporting unit is impaired, and we measure goodwill impairment as the excess of the carrying amount of the reporting unit over the related fair value.

For purposes of long-lived asset impairment evaluation, we have grouped our long-lived assets as follows: (i) our refinery asset groups, which include certain HEP logistics assets, (ii) our Lubricants and Specialty Products asset groups and (iii) our HEP asset groups, which comprises HEP assets not included in our refinery asset groups. These asset groups represent the lowest level for which independent cash flows can be identified. Our long-lived assets are evaluated for impairment by identifying whether indicators of impairment exist and if so, assessing whether the long-lived assets are recoverable from estimated future undiscounted cash flows. The actual amount of impairment loss measured, if any, is equal to the amount by which the asset group’s carrying value exceeds its fair value.

Revenue Recognition: Revenue on refined product and excess crude oil sales are recognized when delivered (via pipeline, in-tank or rack) and the customer obtains control of such inventory, which is typically when title passes and the customer is billed. All revenues are reported inclusive of shipping and handling costs billed and exclusive of any taxes billed to customers. Shipping and handling costs incurred are reported as cost of products sold.

Our lubricants and specialty products business has sales agreements with marketers and distributors that provide certain rights of return or provisions for the repurchase of products previously sold to them. Under these agreements, revenues and cost of revenues are deferred until the products have been sold to end customers. Our lubricants and specialty products business also has agreements that create an obligation to deliver products at a future date for which consideration has already been received and recorded as deferred revenue. This revenue is recognized when the products are delivered to the customer.

HEP recognizes revenues as products are shipped through its pipelines and terminals and as other services are rendered. Additionally, HEP has certain throughput agreements that specify minimum volume requirements, whereby HEP bills a customer for a minimum level of shipments in the event a customer ships below their contractual requirements. If there are no future performance obligations, HEP recognizes these deficiency payments as revenue. In certain of these throughput agreements, a customer may later utilize such shortfall billings as credit towards future volume shipments in excess of its minimum levels within its respective contractual shortfall make-up period. Such amounts represent an obligation to perform future services, which may be initially deferred and later recognized as revenue based on estimated future shipping levels, including the likelihood of a customer’s ability to utilize such amounts prior to the end of the contractual shortfall make-up period. HEP recognizes the service portion of these deficiency payments as revenue when HEP does not expect it will be required to satisfy these performance obligations in the future based on the pattern of rights exercised by the customer. Payment terms under our contracts with customers are consistent with industry norms and are typically payable within 30 days of the date of invoice.

13

HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited) Continued
Foreign Currency Translation: Assets and liabilities recorded in foreign currencies are translated into U.S. dollars using exchange rates in effect as of the balance sheet date. Revenue and expense accounts are translated using the weighted-average exchange rates during the period presented. Foreign currency translation adjustments are recorded as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income.

In connection with our PCLI acquisition, we issued intercompany notes to initially fund certain of our foreign businesses. Remeasurement adjustments resulting from the conversion of such intercompany financing amounts to functional currencies are recorded as gains and losses as a component of other income (expense) in the consolidated statements of operations. Such adjustments are not recorded to the Lubricants and Specialty Products segment operations, but to Corporate and Other. See Note 14 for additional information on our segments.

Income Taxes: Provisions for income taxes include deferred taxes resulting from temporary differences in income for financial and tax purposes, using the liability method of accounting for income taxes. The liability method requires the effect of tax rate changes on deferred income taxes to be reflected in the period in which the rate change was enacted. The liability method also requires that deferred tax assets be reduced by a valuation allowance unless it is more likely than not that the assets will be realized.

Potential interest and penalties related to income tax matters are recognized in income tax expense. We believe we have appropriate support for the income tax positions taken and to be taken on our income tax returns and that our accruals for tax liabilities are adequate for all open years based on an assessment of many factors, including past experience and interpretations of tax law applied to the facts of each matter.

For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, we recorded income tax benefits of $28.3 million and $162.2 million, respectively. This decrease in income tax benefit was due principally to pre-tax income during the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to pre-tax loss in the same period of 2020. Our effective tax rates were (18.3)% and 35.6% for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The year-over-year decrease in the effective tax rate is due principally to the relationship between the pre-tax results and the earnings attributable to the noncontrolling interest that is not included in income for tax purposes.

Inventory Repurchase Obligations: We periodically enter into same-party sell / buy transactions, whereby we sell certain refined product inventory and subsequently repurchase the inventory in order to facilitate delivery to certain locations. Such sell / buy transactions are accounted for as inventory repurchase obligations under which proceeds received under the initial sell is recognized as an inventory repurchase obligation that is subsequently reversed when the inventory is repurchased. For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, we received proceeds of $11.0 million and $14.4 million, respectively, and subsequently repaid $12.0 million and $11.8 million, respectively, under these sell / buy transactions.


NOTE 2:Holly Energy Partners

HEP is a publicly held master limited partnership that owns and operates logistic assets consisting of petroleum product and crude oil pipelines, terminals, tankage, loading rack facilities and refinery processing units that principally support our refining and marketing operations, as well as other third-party refineries, in the Mid-Continent, Southwest and Rocky Mountain geographic regions of the United States. Additionally, as of March 31, 2021, HEP owned a 75% interest in UNEV Pipeline, LLC (“UNEV”), the owner of a pipeline running from Woods Cross, Utah to Las Vegas, Nevada (the “UNEV Pipeline”) and associated product terminals, and a 50% ownership interest in each of Osage Pipe Line Company, LLC, the owner of a pipeline running from Cushing, Oklahoma to El Dorado, Kansas (the “Osage Pipeline”); Cheyenne Pipeline, LLC, the owner of a pipeline running from Fort Laramie, Wyoming to Cheyenne, Wyoming (the “Cheyenne Pipeline”) and Cushing Connect Pipeline & Terminal LLC (“Cushing Connect”), the owner of a crude oil storage terminal in Cushing, Oklahoma and a pipeline under construction that will run from Cushing, Oklahoma to our Tulsa Refineries.

At March 31, 2021, we owned a 57% limited partner interest and a non-economic general partner interest in HEP. As the general partner of HEP, we have the sole ability to direct the activities that most significantly impact HEP’s financial performance, and therefore as HEP's primary beneficiary, we consolidate HEP.

14

HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited) Continued
HEP has 2 primary customers (including us) and generates revenues by charging tariffs for transporting petroleum products and crude oil through its pipelines, by charging fees for terminalling refined products and other hydrocarbons, and by storing and providing other services at its storage tanks and terminals. Under our long-term transportation agreements with HEP (discussed further below), we accounted for 80% of HEP’s total revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2021. We do not provide financial or equity support through any liquidity arrangements and / or debt guarantees to HEP.

HEP has outstanding debt under a senior secured revolving credit agreement and its senior notes. HEP’s creditors have no recourse to our assets. Furthermore, our creditors have no recourse to the assets of HEP and its consolidated subsidiaries. See Note 9 for a description of HEP’s debt obligations.

HEP has risk associated with its operations. If a major customer of HEP were to terminate its contracts or fail to meet desired shipping or throughput levels for an extended period of time, revenue would be reduced and HEP could suffer substantial losses to the extent that a new customer is not found. In the event that HEP incurs a loss, our operating results will reflect HEP’s loss, net of intercompany eliminations, to the extent of our ownership interest in HEP at that point in time.

Cushing Connect Joint Venture
In October 2019, HEP Cushing LLC (“HEP Cushing”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of HEP, and Plains Marketing, L.P. (“PMLP”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Plains All American Pipeline, L.P. (“Plains”), formed a 50/50 joint venture, Cushing Connect, for (i) the development, construction, ownership and operation of a new 160,000 barrel per day common carrier crude oil pipeline (the “Cushing Connect Pipeline”) that will connect the Cushing, Oklahoma crude oil hub to our Tulsa Refineries and (ii) the ownership and operation of 1.5 million barrels of crude oil storage in Cushing, Oklahoma (the “Cushing Connect Terminal”). The Cushing Connect Terminal was fully in service beginning in April 2020, and the Cushing Connect Pipeline is expected to be placed in service during the third quarter of 2021. Long-term commercial agreements have been entered into to support the Cushing Connect assets.

Cushing Connect will contract with an affiliate of HEP to manage the construction and operation of the Cushing Connect Pipeline and with an affiliate of Plains to manage the operation of the Cushing Connect Terminal. The total investment in Cushing Connect will be shared proportionately among the partners, and HEP estimates its share of the cost of the Cushing Connect Terminal contributed by Plains and Cushing Connect Pipeline construction costs are approximately $65 million to $70 million. However, any Cushing Connect Pipeline construction costs exceeding 10% of the budget are borne solely by HEP.

Cushing Connect and its two subsidiaries, Cushing Connect Pipeline and Cushing Connect Terminal, are each VIE’s because they do not have sufficient equity at risk to finance their activities without additional financial support. HEP is the primary beneficiary of two of these entities as HEP is constructing and will operate the Cushing Connect Pipeline, and HEP has more ability to direct the activities that most significantly impact the financial performance of Cushing Connect and Cushing Connect Pipeline. Therefore, HEP consolidates these two entities. HEP is not the primary beneficiary of Cushing Connect Terminal, which HEP accounts for using the equity method of accounting.

Transportation Agreements
HEP serves our refineries under long-term pipeline, terminal and tankage throughput agreements and refinery processing tolling agreements expiring from 2021 through 2036. Under these agreements, we pay HEP fees to transport, store and process throughput volumes of refined products, crude oil and feedstocks on HEP’s pipeline, terminals, tankage, loading rack facilities and refinery processing units that result in minimum annual payments to HEP including UNEV (a consolidated subsidiary of HEP). Under these agreements, the agreed upon tariff rates are subject to annual tariff rate adjustments on July 1 at a rate based upon the percentage change in Producer Price Index or Federal Energy Regulatory Commission index. As of March 31, 2021, these agreements require minimum annualized payments to HEP of $338.3 million.

Our transactions with HEP and fees paid under our transportation agreements with HEP and UNEV are eliminated and have no impact on our consolidated financial statements.

Lessor Accounting
Our consolidated statements of operations reflect lease revenue recognized by HEP for contracts with third parties in which HEP is the lessor.

15

HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited) Continued
Lease income recognized was as follows:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20212020
(In thousands)
Operating lease revenues$4,447 $8,290 
Sales-type lease interest income$639 $
Lease revenues relating to variable lease payments not included in measurement of the sales-type lease receivable$337 $

HEP Common Unit Continuous Offering Program
HEP has a continuous offering program under which HEP may issue and sell common units from time to time, representing limited partner interests, up to an aggregate gross sales amount of $200 million. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, HEP did not issue any common units under this program. As of March 31, 2021, HEP has issued 2,413,153 common units since the inception of this program, providing $82.3 million in gross proceeds.


NOTE 3:Revenues

Substantially all revenue-generating activities relate to sales of refined product and excess crude oil inventories sold at market prices (variable consideration) under contracts with customers. Additionally, we have revenues attributable to HEP logistics services provided under petroleum product and crude oil pipeline transportation, processing, storage and terminalling agreements with third parties.

Disaggregated revenues were as follows:                        
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20212020
(In thousands)
Revenues by type
Refined product revenues
Transportation fuels (1)
$2,471,771 $2,478,347 
Specialty lubricant products (2)
480,681 470,953 
Asphalt, fuel oil and other products (3)
158,586 201,343 
Total refined product revenues3,111,038 3,150,643 
Excess crude oil revenues (4)
356,300 199,779 
Transportation and logistic services25,258 26,426 
Other revenues (5)
11,697 23,697 
Total sales and other revenues$3,504,293 $3,400,545 
16

HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited) Continued
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20212020
(In thousands)
Refined product revenues by market
United States
Mid-Continent$1,668,213 $1,532,924 
Southwest768,063 734,175 
Rocky Mountains237,803 468,779 
Northeast172,298 159,824 
Canada181,946 182,653 
Europe, Asia and Latin America82,715 72,288 
Total refined product revenues$3,111,038 $3,150,643 

(1)Transportation fuels consist of gasoline, diesel and jet fuel.
(2)Specialty lubricant products consist of base oil, waxes, finished lubricants and other specialty fluids.
(3)Asphalt, fuel oil and other products revenue include revenues attributable to our Refining and Lubricants and Specialty Products segments of $117.3 million and $41.3 million, respectively, for the three months ended March 31, 2021, and $148.8 million and $52.5 million, respectively, for the three months ended March 31, 2020.
(4)Excess crude oil revenues represent sales of purchased crude oil inventory that at times exceeds the supply needs of our refineries.
(5)Other revenues are principally attributable to our Refining segment.

Our consolidated balance sheet reflects contract liabilities related to unearned revenues attributable to future service obligations under HEP’s third-party transportation agreements and production agreements from our Sonneborn operations. The following table presents changes to our contract liabilities during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
(In thousands)
Balance at January 1$6,738 $4,652 
Increase7,730 10,419 
Recognized as revenue(8,583)(9,712)
Balance at March 31$5,885 $5,359 

As of March 31, 2021, we have long-term contracts with customers that specify minimum volumes of gasoline, diesel, lubricants and specialty products to be sold ratably at market prices through 2025. Such volumes are typically nominated in the month preceding delivery and delivered ratably throughout the following month. Future prices are subject to market fluctuations and therefore, we have elected the exemption to exclude variable consideration under these contracts under Accounting Standards Codification 606-10-50-14A. Aggregate minimum volumes expected to be sold (future performance obligations) under our long-term product sales contracts with customers are as follows:
Remainder of 202120222023ThereafterTotal
(In thousands)
Refined product sales volumes (barrels)14,450 14,176 12,795 11,698 53,119 
17

HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited) Continued
Additionally, HEP has long-term contracts with third-party customers that specify minimum volumes of product to be transported through its pipelines and terminals that result in fixed-minimum annual revenues through 2025. Annual minimum revenues attributable to HEP’s third-party contracts as of March 31, 2021 are presented below:
Remainder of 202120222023ThereafterTotal
(In thousands)
HEP contractual minimum revenues$16,360 $11,053 $9,000 $11,512 $47,925 


NOTE 4:Fair Value Measurements

Our financial instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis consist of derivative instruments and RINs credit obligations.

Fair value measurements are derived using inputs (assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability, including assumptions about risk). GAAP categorizes inputs used in fair value measurements into three broad levels as follows:

(Level 1) Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
(Level 2) Observable inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1, such as quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active or can be corroborated by observable market data.
(Level 3) Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities. This includes valuation techniques that involve significant unobservable inputs.

The carrying amounts of derivative instruments and RINs credit obligations at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 were as follows:
Fair Value by Input Level
Carrying AmountLevel 1Level 2Level 3
(In thousands)
March 31, 2021
Assets:
NYMEX futures contracts$1,927 $1,927 $$
Commodity price swaps36 36 
Commodity forward contracts482 482 
Total assets$2,445 $1,927 $518 $
Liabilities:
Commodity forward contracts$7,198 $$7,198 $
Foreign currency forward contracts26,136 26,136 
RINs credit obligations (1)
43,299 43,299 
Total liabilities$76,633 $$76,633 $
18

HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited) Continued
Fair Value by Input Level
Carrying AmountLevel 1Level 2Level 3
(In thousands)
December 31, 2020
Assets:
Commodity forward contracts$275 $$275 $
Total assets$275 $$275 $
Liabilities:
NYMEX futures contracts$418 $418 $$
Commodity price swaps359 359 
Commodity forward contracts196 196 
Foreign currency forward contracts23,005 23,005 
Total liabilities$23,978 $418 $23,560 $

(1) Represent obligations for RINs credits for which we did not have sufficient quantities at March 31, 2021 to satisfy our Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) regulatory blending requirements.

Level 1 Instruments
Our NYMEX futures contracts are exchange traded and are measured and recorded at fair value using quoted market prices, a Level 1 input.

Level 2 Instruments
Derivative instruments consisting of foreign currency forward contracts, commodity price swaps and forward sales and purchase contracts are measured and recorded at fair value using Level 2 inputs. The fair value of the commodity price swap contracts is based on the net present value of expected future cash flows related to both variable and fixed rate legs of the respective swap agreements. The measurements are computed using market-based observable input and quoted forward commodity prices with respect to our commodity price swaps. The fair value of the forward sales and purchase contracts are computed using quoted forward commodity prices. RINs credit obligations are valued based on current market RINs prices. The fair value of foreign currency forward contracts are based on values provided by a third party, which were derived using market quotes for similar type instruments, a Level 2 input.


NOTE 5:Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated as net income (loss) attributable to HollyFrontier stockholders, adjusted for participating securities’ share in earnings divided by the average number of shares of common stock outstanding. Diluted earnings per share includes the incremental shares resulting from certain share-based awards. The following is a reconciliation of the denominators of the basic and diluted per share computations for net income (loss) attributable to HollyFrontier stockholders:
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20212020
 (In thousands, except per share data)
Net income (loss) attributable to HollyFrontier stockholders$148,217 $(304,623)
Participating securities’ share in earnings (1)
2,042 
Net income (loss) attributable to common shares$146,175 $(304,623)
Average number of shares of common stock outstanding162,479 161,873 
Average number of shares of common stock outstanding assuming dilution162,479 161,873 
Basic earnings (loss) per share$0.90 $(1.88)
Diluted earnings (loss) per share$0.90 $(1.88)
19

HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited) Continued

(1) Unvested restricted stock unit awards and unvested performance share units represent participating securities because they participate in nonforfeitable dividends or distributions with the common stockholders of HollyFrontier. Participating earnings represent the distributed and undistributed earnings of HollyFrontier attributable to the participating securities. Unvested restricted stock unit awards and performance share units do not participate in undistributed net losses as they are not contractually obligated to do so.


NOTE 6:Stock-Based Compensation

We have a principal share-based compensation plan (the “2020 Long-Term Incentive Plan”), which allows us to grant new equity awards to certain officers, non-employee directors and other key employees of HollyFrontier. The restricted stock unit awards generally vest over a period of one to three years. Upon vesting, restrictions on the restricted stock units lapse at which time they convert to common shares or cash. The performance share units generally vest over a period of three years and are payable in stock or cash upon meeting certain financial and performance criteria. The number of shares ultimately issued or cash paid for the performance share units can range from 0 to 200% of target award amounts. The holders of unvested restricted stock units and performance share units have the right to receive dividends.

The compensation cost for these plans was $10.9 million and $4.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Additionally, HEP maintains a share-based compensation plan for Holly Logistic Services, L.L.C.’s non-employee directors and certain executives and employees. Compensation cost attributable to HEP’s share-based compensation plan was $0.7 million and $0.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

A summary of restricted stock unit and performance share unit activity during the three months ended March 31, 2021 is presented below:
Restricted Stock UnitsPerformance Share Units
Outstanding at January 1, 20212,057,045 635,204 
Granted (1)
8,453 
Vested(34,624)(3,565)
Forfeited(86,459)(18,268)
Outstanding at March 31, 20211,944,415 613,371 
(1) Weighted average grant date fair value per unit$34.91 $


20

HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited) Continued
NOTE 7:Inventories

Inventories consist of the following components:
March 31,
2021
December 31, 2020
(In thousands)
Crude oil$541,022 $451,967 
Other raw materials and unfinished products(1)
401,247 260,495 
Finished products(2)
613,158 595,696 
Lower of cost or market reserve(118,825)(318,862)
Process chemicals(3)
36,684 35,006 
Repair and maintenance supplies and other (4)
143,562 149,174 
Total inventory$1,616,848 $1,173,476 

(1)Other raw materials and unfinished products include feedstocks and blendstocks, other than crude.
(2)Finished products include gasolines, jet fuels, diesels, lubricants, asphalts, LPG’s and residual fuels.
(3)Process chemicals include additives and other chemicals.
(4)Includes RINs.

Our inventories that are valued at the lower of LIFO cost or market reflect a valuation reserve of $118.8 million and $318.9 million at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. The December 31, 2020 market reserve of $318.9 million was reversed due to the sale of inventory quantities that gave rise to the 2020 reserve. A new market reserve of $118.8 million was established as of March 31, 2021 based on market conditions and prices at that time. The effect of the change in lower of cost or market reserve was a decrease to cost of products sold totaling $200.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and an increase to cost of products sold totaling $560.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

At March 31, 2021, the LIFO value of inventory, net of the lower of cost or market reserve, was equal to current costs.


NOTE 8:Environmental

Environmental costs are charged to operating expenses if they relate to an existing condition caused by past operations and do not contribute to current or future revenue generation. We have ongoing investigations of environmental matters at various locations and routinely assess our recorded environmental obligations, if any, with respect to such matters. Liabilities are recorded when site restoration and environmental remediation, cleanup and other obligations are either known or considered probable and can be reasonably estimated. Such estimates are undiscounted and require judgment with respect to costs, time frame and extent of required remedial and cleanup activities and are subject to periodic adjustments based on currently available information. Recoveries of environmental costs through insurance, indemnification arrangements or other sources are included in other assets to the extent such recoveries are considered probable.

We incurred expense of $0.1 million and $1.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, for environmental remediation obligations. The accrued environmental liability reflected in our consolidated balance sheets was $114.0 million and $115.0 million at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, of which $94.9 million and $94.0 million, respectively, were classified as other long-term liabilities. These accruals include remediation and monitoring costs expected to be incurred over an extended period of time (up to 30 years for certain projects). Estimated liabilities could increase in the future when the results of ongoing investigations become known, are considered probable and can be reasonably estimated.


21

HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited) Continued
NOTE 9:Debt

HollyFrontier Credit Agreement
At March 31, 2021, we had a $1.35 billion senior unsecured revolving credit facility maturing in February 2022 (the “HollyFrontier Credit Agreement”). On April 30, 2021, we amended the HollyFrontier Credit Agreement to extend the maturity date to April 30, 2026 (the “Amended HollyFrontier Credit Agreement”). The Amended HollyFrontier Credit Agreement may be used for revolving credit loans and letters of credit from time to time and is available to fund general corporate purposes. At March 31, 2021, we were in compliance with all covenants, had 0 outstanding borrowings and had outstanding letters of credit totaling $5.7 million under the HollyFrontier Credit Agreement.

Indebtedness under the Amended HollyFrontier Credit Agreement will bear interest, at our option, at either (a) the alternate base rate (as defined in the Amended HollyFrontier Credit Agreement) plus an applicable margin of (ranging from 0.25% to 1.125%), (b) the LIBO Rate (as defined in the Amended HollyFrontier Credit Agreement) plus an applicable margin (ranging from 1.25% to 2.125%) or (c) the CDOR Rate (as defined in the Amended HollyFrontier Credit Agreement) plus an applicable margin (ranging from 1.25% to 2.125%) for Canadian dollar denominated borrowings.

HEP Credit Agreement
At March 31, 2021, HEP had a $1.4 billion senior secured revolving credit facility maturing in July 2022 (the “HEP Credit Agreement”). On April 30, 2021, the HEP Credit Agreement was amended, decreasing the commitments under the facility to $1.2 billion and extending the maturity to July 27, 2025 (the “Amended HEP Credit Agreement”). The Amended HEP Credit Agreement is available to fund capital expenditures, investments, acquisitions, distribution payments, working capital and for general partnership purposes. It is also available to fund letters of credit up to a $50 million sub-limit and continues to provide for an accordion feature that allows HEP to increase the commitments under the Amended HEP Credit Agreement up to a maximum amount of $1.7 billion. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, HEP received advances totaling $73.0 million and repaid $90.5 million under the HEP Credit Agreement. At March 31, 2021, HEP was in compliance with all of its covenants, had outstanding borrowings of $896.0 million and 0 outstanding letters of credit under the HEP Credit Agreement.

Prior to the Investment Grade Date (as defined in the Amended HEP Credit Agreement), indebtedness under the Amended HEP Credit Agreement bears interest, at HEP’s option, at either (a) the alternate base rate (as defined in the Amended HEP Credit Agreement) plus an applicable margin or (b) the Eurodollar Rate (as defined in the Amended HEP Credit Agreement) plus an applicable margin. In each case, the applicable margin is based upon HEP’s Total Leverage Ratio (as defined in the Amended HEP Credit Agreement). The weighted average interest rate in effect under the HEP Credit Agreement on HEP’s borrowings was 2.08% for March 31, 2021.

HEP’s obligations under the Amended HEP Credit Agreement are collateralized by substantially all of HEP’s assets and are guaranteed by HEP’s material wholly-owned subsidiaries. Any recourse to the general partner would be limited to the extent of HEP Logistics Holdings, L.P.’s assets, which other than its investment in HEP are not significant. HEP’s creditors have no recourse to our other assets. Furthermore, our creditors have no recourse to the assets of HEP and its consolidated subsidiaries.

HollyFrontier Senior Notes
At March 31, 2021, our senior notes consisted of the following:

$350.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 2.625% senior notes maturing October 2023 (the “2.625% Senior Notes”);
$1.0 billion in aggregate principal amount of 5.875% senior notes maturing April 2026 (the “5.875% Senior Notes”); and
$400.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 4.500% senior notes maturing October 2030 (the “4.500% Senior Notes”).

These senior notes (collectively, the “HollyFrontier Senior Notes”) are unsecured and unsubordinated obligations and rank equally with all our other existing and future unsecured and unsubordinated indebtedness.

22

HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited) Continued
HollyFrontier Financing Arrangements
Certain of our wholly-owned subsidiaries entered into financing arrangements whereby such subsidiaries sold a portion of their precious metals catalyst to a financial institution and then leased back the precious metals catalyst in exchange for cash. The volume of the precious metals catalyst and the lease rate are fixed over the term of each lease, and the lease payments are recorded as interest expense. The current leases mature on February 1, 2022. Upon maturity, we must either satisfy the obligation at fair market value or refinance to extend the maturity. These financing arrangements are recorded at a Level 2 fair value totaling $48.8 million and $43.9 million at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, and are included in “Accrued liabilities” in our consolidated balance sheets. See Note 4 for additional information on Level 2 inputs.

HEP Senior Notes
In February 2020, HEP closed a private placement of $500.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 5.0% HEP senior unsecured notes maturing February 2028 (the “HEP Senior Notes”). Subsequently, in February 2020, HEP redeemed its existing $500.0 million aggregate principal amount of 6.0% senior notes maturing August 2024 at a redemption cost of $522.5 million. HEP recognized a $25.9 million early extinguishment loss consisting of a $22.5 million debt redemption premium and unamortized discount and financing costs of $3.4 million during the three months ended March 31, 2020.

The HEP Senior Notes are unsecured and impose certain restrictive covenants, including limitations on HEP’s ability to incur additional indebtedness, make investments, sell assets, incur certain liens, pay distributions, enter into transactions with affiliates, and enter into mergers. HEP was in compliance with the restrictive covenants for the HEP Senior Notes as of March 31, 2021. At any time when the HEP Senior Notes are rated investment grade by either Moody’s or Standard & Poor’s and no default or event of default exists, HEP will not be subject to many of the foregoing covenants. Additionally, HEP has certain redemption rights at varying premiums over face value under the HEP Senior Notes.

Indebtedness under the HEP Senior Notes is guaranteed by HEP’s wholly-owned subsidiaries. HEP’s creditors have no recourse to our assets. Furthermore, our creditors have no recourse to the assets of HEP and its consolidated subsidiaries.

The carrying amounts of long-term debt are as follows:
March 31,
2021
December 31,
2020
 (In thousands)
HollyFrontier
2.625% Senior Notes$350,000 $350,000 
5.875% Senior Notes1,000,000 1,000,000 
4.500% Senior Notes400,000 400,000 
1,750,000 1,750,000 
Unamortized discount and debt issuance costs(12,244)(12,885)
Total HollyFrontier long-term debt1,737,756 1,737,115 
HEP Credit Agreement896,000 913,500 
HEP 5.000% Senior Notes
Principal500,000 500,000 
Unamortized discount and debt issuance costs(7,665)(7,897)
Total HEP long-term debt1,388,335 1,405,603 
Total long-term debt$3,126,091 $3,142,718 

23

HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited) Continued
The fair values of the senior notes are as follows:
March 31,
2021
December 31,
2020
(In thousands)
HollyFrontier Senior Notes$1,908,586 $1,903,867 
HEP Senior Notes$504,960 $506,540 

These fair values are based on a Level 2 input. See Note 4 for additional information on Level 2 inputs.

We capitalized interest attributable to construction projects of $1.9 million and $0.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.


NOTE 10: Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities

Commodity Price Risk Management
Our primary market risk is commodity price risk. We are exposed to market risks related to the volatility in crude oil and refined products, as well as volatility in the price of natural gas used in our refining operations. We periodically enter into derivative contracts in the form of commodity price swaps, forward purchase and sales and futures contracts to mitigate price exposure with respect to our inventory positions, natural gas purchases, sales prices of refined products and crude oil costs.

Foreign Currency Risk Management
We are exposed to market risk related to the volatility in foreign currency exchange rates. We periodically enter into derivative contracts in the form of foreign exchange forward and foreign exchange swap contracts to mitigate the exposure associated with fluctuations on intercompany notes with our foreign subsidiaries that are not denominated in the U.S. dollar.

Accounting Hedges
We have swap contracts serving as cash flow hedges against price risk on forecasted purchases of natural gas. We also periodically have swap contracts to lock in basis spread differentials on forecasted purchases of crude oil and forward sales contracts that lock in the prices of future sales of crude oil and refined product. These contracts have been designated as accounting hedges and are measured at fair value with offsetting adjustments (gains/losses) recorded directly to other comprehensive income. These fair value adjustments are later reclassified to earnings as the hedging instruments mature.

The following table presents the pre-tax effect on other comprehensive income (“OCI”) and earnings due to fair value adjustments and maturities of hedging instruments under hedge accounting:
Net Unrealized Loss Recognized in OCIGain (Loss) Reclassified into Earnings
Derivatives Designated as Cash Flow Hedging InstrumentsThree Months Ended
March 31,
Income Statement LocationThree Months Ended
March 31,
2021202020212020
(In thousands)
Commodity contracts$(4,642)$(13,324)Sales and other revenues$(13,719)$5,452 
Cost of products sold1,830 
Operating expenses(156)(706)
Total$(4,642)$(13,324)$(13,875)$6,576 


24

HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited) Continued
Economic Hedges
We have commodity contracts including NYMEX futures contracts to lock in prices on forecasted purchases and sales of inventory and forward purchase and sell contracts, as well as periodically have contracts to lock in basis spread differentials on forecasted purchases of crude oil, that serve as economic hedges (derivatives used for risk management, but not designated as accounting hedges). We also have forward currency contracts to fix the rate of foreign currency. In addition, our catalyst financing arrangements discussed in Note 9 could require repayment under certain conditions based on the future pricing of platinum, which is an embedded derivative. These contracts are measured at fair value with offsetting adjustments (gains/losses) recorded directly to earnings.

The following table presents the pre-tax effect on income due to maturities and fair value adjustments of our economic hedges:
Gain (Loss) Recognized in Earnings
Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging InstrumentsIncome Statement LocationThree Months Ended March 31,
20212020
(In thousands)
Commodity contractsCost of products sold$(2,610)$25,089 
Interest expense2,675 9,812 
Foreign currency contractsLoss on foreign currency transactions(6,743)33,475 
Total$(6,678)$68,376 

As of March 31, 2021, we have the following notional contract volumes related to outstanding derivative instruments:
Notional Contract Volumes by Year of Maturity
Total Outstanding Notional20212022Unit of Measure
Derivatives Designated as Hedging Instruments
Natural gas price swaps - long1,350,000 1,350,000 MMBTU
Forward gasoline contracts - short400,000 400,000 Barrels
Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments
NYMEX futures (WTI) - short805,000 805,000 Barrels
Forward gasoline and diesel contracts - long315,000 315,000 Barrels
Foreign currency forward contracts421,800,661 311,887,682 109,912,979 U.S. dollar
Forward commodity contracts (platinum)40,767 40,767 Troy ounces

25

HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited) Continued
The following table presents the fair value and balance sheet locations of our outstanding derivative instruments. These amounts are presented on a gross basis with offsetting balances that reconcile to a net asset or liability position in our consolidated balance sheets. We present on a net basis to reflect the net settlement of these positions in accordance with provisions of our master netting arrangements.
Derivatives in Net Asset PositionDerivatives in Net Liability Position
Gross AssetsGross Liabilities Offset in Balance SheetNet Assets Recognized in Balance SheetGross LiabilitiesGross Assets Offset in Balance SheetNet Liabilities Recognized in Balance Sheet
 (In thousands)
March 31, 2021
Derivatives designated as cash flow hedging instruments:
Commodity price swap contracts$72 $(36)$36 $$$
Commodity forward contracts6,828 6,828 
$72 $(36)$36 $6,828 $$6,828 
Derivatives not designated as cash flow hedging instruments:
NYMEX futures contracts$1,927 $$1,927 $$$
Commodity forward contracts482 482 370 370 
Foreign currency forward contracts26,136 26,136 
$2,409 $$2,409 $26,506 $$26,506 
Total net balance$2,445 $33,334 
Balance sheet classification:Prepayment and other$2,445 Accrued liabilities$33,334 

Derivatives in Net Asset PositionDerivatives in Net Liability Position
Gross AssetsGross Liabilities Offset in Balance SheetNet Assets Recognized in Balance SheetGross LiabilitiesGross Assets Offset in Balance SheetNet Liabilities Recognized in Balance Sheet
 (In thousands)
December 31, 2020
Derivatives designated as cash flow hedging instruments:
Commodity price swap contracts$$$$359 $$359 
$$$$359 $$359 
Derivatives not designated as cash flow hedging instruments:
NYMEX futures contracts$$$$418 $$418 
Commodity forward contracts275 275 196 196 
Foreign currency forward contracts23,005 23,005 
$275 $$275 $23,619 $$23,619 
Total net balance$275 $23,978 
Balance sheet classification:Prepayment and other$275 Accrued liabilities$23,978 

At March 31, 2021, we had a pre-tax net unrealized loss of $5.0 million classified in accumulated other comprehensive income that relates to all accounting hedges having contractual maturities through 2021, which, assuming commodity prices remain unchanged, will be effectively transferred from accumulated other comprehensive income into the statement of operations as the hedging instruments contractually mature over the next twelve-month period.


26

HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited) Continued
NOTE 11:Equity

In November 2019, our Board of Directors approved a $1.0 billion share repurchase program, which replaced all existing share repurchase programs, authorizing us to repurchase common stock in the open market or through privately negotiated transactions. The timing and amount of stock repurchases will depend on market conditions and corporate, regulatory and other relevant considerations. This program may be discontinued at any time by the Board of Directors. As of March 31, 2021, we had not repurchased common stock under this stock repurchase program. In addition, we are authorized by our Board of Directors to repurchase shares in an amount sufficient to offset shares issued under our compensation programs.

During the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, we withheld 350 and 24,914, respectively, shares of our common stock from certain employees. These withholdings were made under the terms of restricted stock unit and performance share unit agreements upon vesting, at which time, we concurrently made cash payments to fund payroll and income taxes on behalf of officers and employees who elected to have shares withheld from vested amounts to pay such taxes.


NOTE 12:Other Comprehensive Income

The components and allocated tax effects of other comprehensive income are as follows:
Before-TaxTax Expense
(Benefit)
After-Tax
 (In thousands)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
Net change in foreign currency translation adjustment$(5,863)$(1,225)$(4,638)
Net unrealized loss on hedging instruments(4,642)(1,169)(3,473)
Net change in pension and other post-retirement benefit obligations(930)(237)(693)
Other comprehensive loss attributable to HollyFrontier stockholders$(11,435)$(2,631)$(8,804)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
Net change in foreign currency translation adjustment$(21,586)$(4,627)$(16,959)
Net unrealized loss on hedging instruments(13,324)(3,398)(9,926)
Net change in pension and other post-retirement benefit obligations(42)(4)(38)
Other comprehensive loss attributable to HollyFrontier stockholders$(34,952)$(8,029)$(26,923)
27

HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited) Continued

The following table presents the statements of operations line item effects for reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income (“AOCI”):
AOCI ComponentGain (Loss) Reclassified From AOCIStatement of Operations Line Item
Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
(In thousands)
Hedging instruments:
Commodity price swaps$(13,719)$5,452 Sales and other revenues
1,830 Cost of products sold
(156)(706)Operating expenses
(13,875)6,576 
(3,497)1,677 Income tax expense (benefit)
(10,378)4,899 Net of tax
Other post-retirement benefit obligations:
Pension obligations101 Other, net
25 Income tax expense
76 Net of tax
Post-retirement healthcare obligations838 Other, net
211 Income tax expense
627 Net of tax
Retirement restoration plan(9)Other, net
(2)Income tax benefit
(7)Net of tax
Total reclassifications for the period$(9,682)$4,899 

Accumulated other comprehensive income in the equity section of our consolidated balance sheets includes:
March 31,
2021
December 31,
2020
 (In thousands)
Foreign currency translation adjustment$(1,956)$2,682 
Unrealized loss on pension obligation(349)(248)
Unrealized gain on post-retirement benefit obligations10,718 11,310 
Unrealized loss on hedging instruments(3,755)(282)
Accumulated other comprehensive income$4,658 $13,462 


NOTE 13:Contingencies

We are a party to various litigation and legal proceedings which we believe, based on advice of counsel, will not either individually or in the aggregate have a materially adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

28

HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited) Continued
During 2017, 2018 and 2019, the EPA granted the Cheyenne Refinery and Woods Cross Refinery each a one-year small refinery exemption from the Renewable Fuel Standard (“RFS”) program requirements for the 2016, 2017 and 2018, respectively, calendar years. As a result, the Cheyenne Refinery’s and Woods Cross Refinery’s gasoline and diesel production are not subject to the Renewable Volume Obligation for the respective years. Upon each exemption granted, we increased our inventory of RINs and reduced our cost of products sold.

Various subsidiaries of HollyFrontier are currently intervenors in three lawsuits brought by renewable fuel interest groups against the EPA in federal courts alleging violations of the RFS under the Clean Air Act and challenging the EPA’s handling of small refinery exemptions. We intervened to vigorously defend the EPA’s position on small refinery exemptions because we believe the EPA correctly applied applicable law to the matters at issue. On January 24, 2020, in the first of these lawsuits, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit vacated the small refinery exemptions granted to two of our refineries for 2016 and remanded the case to the EPA for further proceedings. On April 15, 2020, the Tenth Circuit entered its mandate, remanding the matter back to the EPA. On September 4, 2020, various subsidiaries of HollyFrontier filed a Petition for a Writ of Certiorari with the U.S. Supreme Court appealing the Tenth Circuit decision. On January 8, 2021, the U.S. Supreme Court granted HollyFrontier's petition. The oral argument occurred on April 27, 2021. We anticipate a decision from the Supreme Court in June 2021. We expect that we will not know what steps the EPA will take with respect to our 2016 small refinery exemptions, or how the case will impact future small refinery exemptions until after the Supreme Court's decision in this matter. The second lawsuit is before the Tenth Circuit. The matter is fully briefed and remains pending before that court. The third lawsuit is before the DC Circuit. Briefing of the issues before the court commenced on December 7, 2020; however, in light of the Supreme Court's decision to hear HollyFrontier's appeal of the Tenth Circuit decision, this case was stayed pending a decision from the Supreme Court. In December 2020, various subsidiaries of HollyFrontier also filed a petition for review in the DC Circuit challenging the EPA's denial of small refinery exemption petitions for years prior to 2016. The petition was consolidated with petitions from eight other refining companies challenging the same decision. In light of the Supreme Court's decision to hear HollyFrontier's appeal of the Tenth Circuit decision, this case was stayed pending a decision from the Supreme Court. We are unable to estimate the costs we may incur, if any, at this time. It is too early to assess how the matter currently on appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court will impact future small refinery exemptions or whether the remaining cases are expected to have any impact on us.

We have been party to multiple proceedings before the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (“FERC”) challenging the rates charged by SFPP, L.P. (“SFPP”) on its East Line pipeline facilities from El Paso, Texas to Phoenix, Arizona. In March 2018, FERC ruled that SFPP, as a master limited partnership, was prohibited from including an allowance for investor income taxes in the cost of service underlying its East Line rates. We reached a negotiated settlement with SFPP that provides for a payment to us of $51.5 million. FERC approved the settlement on December 31, 2020 subject to a rehearing period that resulted in a settlement effective date of February 2, 2021. Under the terms of the settlement agreement, SFPP made the $51.5 million payment to us on February 10, 2021. As of December 31, 2020, we had no enforceable right to collect any of the settlement. Accordingly, recognition of a gain occurred when the uncertainties were resolved on February 2, 2021, and we recorded as Gain on tariff settlement in our consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021.


29

HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited) Continued
NOTE 14:Segment Information

Our operations are organized into 3 reportable segments, Refining, Lubricants and Specialty Products and HEP. Our operations that are not included in the Refining, Lubricants and Specialty Products and HEP segments are included in Corporate and Other. Intersegment transactions are eliminated in our consolidated financial statements and are included in Eliminations. Corporate and Other and Eliminations are aggregated and presented under the Corporate, Other and Eliminations column.

The Refining segment represents the operations of the El Dorado, Tulsa, Navajo and Woods Cross Refineries and HFC Asphalt (aggregated as a reportable segment). Refining activities involve the purchase and refining of crude oil and wholesale and branded marketing of refined products, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. These petroleum products are primarily marketed in the Mid-Continent, Southwest and Rocky Mountain geographic regions of the United States. HFC Asphalt operates various asphalt terminals in Arizona, New Mexico and Oklahoma. The Refining segment also included the operations of the Cheyenne Refinery through the third quarter of 2020, at which time it permanently ceased petroleum refining operations.

The Lubricants and Specialty Products segment involves PCLI’s production operations, located in Mississauga, Ontario, that includes lubricant products such as base oils, white oils, specialty products and finished lubricants, and the operations of our Petro-Canada Lubricants business that includes the marketing of products to both retail and wholesale outlets through a global sales network with locations in Canada, the United States, Europe and China. Additionally, the Lubricants and Specialty Products segment includes specialty lubricant products produced at our Tulsa Refineries that are marketed throughout North America and are distributed in Central and South America and Red Giant Oil, one of the largest suppliers of locomotive engine oil in North America. Also, the Lubricants and Specialty Products segment includes Sonneborn, a producer of specialty hydrocarbon chemicals such as white oils, petrolatums and waxes with manufacturing facilities in the United States and Europe.

The HEP segment includes all of the operations of HEP, which owns and operates logistics and refinery assets consisting of petroleum product and crude oil pipelines, terminals, tankage, loading rack facilities and refinery processing units in the Mid-Continent, Southwest and Rocky Mountain geographic regions of the United States. The HEP segment also includes a 75% ownership interest in UNEV (a consolidated subsidiary of HEP) and 50% ownership interests in each of the Osage Pipeline, the Cheyenne Pipeline and Cushing Connect. Revenues from the HEP segment are earned through transactions with unaffiliated parties for pipeline transportation, rental and terminalling operations as well as revenues relating to pipeline transportation services provided for our refining operations. Due to certain basis differences, our reported amounts for the HEP segment may not agree to amounts reported in HEP’s periodic public filings.

The accounting policies for our segments are the same as those described in the summary of significant accounting policies in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.

30

HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited) Continued
RefiningLubricants and Specialty ProductsHEP
Corporate, Other
and Eliminations (1)
Consolidated
Total
(In thousands)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
Sales and other revenues:
Revenues from external customers$2,957,033 $521,998 $25,258 $$3,504,293 
Intersegment revenues60,462 2,565 101,926 (164,953)
$3,017,495 $524,563 $127,184 $(164,949)$3,504,293 
Cost of products sold (exclusive of lower of cost or market inventory)$2,761,943 $331,523 $$(133,161)$2,960,305 
Lower of cost or market inventory valuation adjustment$(199,528)$$$(509)$(200,037)
Operating expenses$292,855 $60,753 $41,365 $4,936 $399,909 
Selling, general and administrative expenses$28,496 $45,553 $2,969 $4,957 $81,975 
Depreciation and amortization$88,082 $20,121 $23,006 $(7,130)$124,079 
Income (loss) from operations$45,647 $66,613 $59,844 $(34,042)$138,062 
Earnings of equity method investments$$$1,763 $$1,763 
Capital expenditures$40,361 $4,087 $33,218 $72,295 $149,961 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
Sales and other revenues:
Revenues from external customers$2,850,620 $523,499 $26,426 $$3,400,545 
Intersegment revenues84,246 3,104 101,428 (188,778)
$2,934,866 $526,603 $127,854 $(188,778)$3,400,545 
Cost of products sold (exclusive of lower of cost or market inventory)$2,468,751 $391,380 $$(166,405)$2,693,726 
Lower of cost or market inventory valuation adjustment$560,464 $$$$560,464 
Operating expenses$259,174 $54,131 $34,981 $(19,941)$328,345 
Selling, general and administrative expenses$31,000 $48,962 $2,702 $5,073 $87,737 
Depreciation and amortization$90,179 $22,049 $23,978 $4,369 $140,575 
Income (loss) from operations$(474,702)$10,081 $66,193 $(11,874)$(410,302)
Earnings of equity method investments$$$1,714 $$1,714 
Capital expenditures$53,014 $9,081 $18,942 $2,712 $83,749 

(1) For the three months ended March 31, 2021, Corporate and Other includes $12.8 million of operating expenses and $70.2 million of capital expenditures related to the construction of our renewable diesel units.

RefiningLubricants and Specialty ProductsHEPCorporate, Other
and Eliminations
Consolidated
Total
(In thousands)
March 31, 2021
Cash and cash equivalents$7,090 $110,788 $19,753 $1,055,797 $1,193,428 
Total assets$6,781,110 $1,875,026 $2,250,230 $1,028,451 $11,934,817 
Long-term debt$$$1,388,335 $1,737,756 $3,126,091 
December 31, 2020
Cash and cash equivalents$3,106 $163,729 $21,990 $1,179,493 $1,368,318 
Total assets$6,203,847 $1,864,313 $2,198,478 $1,240,226 $11,506,864 
Long-term debt$$$1,405,603 $1,737,115 $3,142,718 
31


Item 2.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

This Item 2 contains “forward-looking” statements. See “Forward-Looking Statements” at the beginning of Part I of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. In this document, the words “we,” “our,” “ours” and “us” refer only to HollyFrontier Corporation (“HollyFrontier”) and its consolidated subsidiaries or to HollyFrontier or an individual subsidiary and not to any other person with certain exceptions. Generally, the words “we,” “our,” “ours” and “us” include Holly Energy Partners, L.P. (“HEP”) and its subsidiaries as consolidated subsidiaries of HollyFrontier, unless when used in disclosures of transactions or obligations between HEP and HollyFrontier or its other subsidiaries. This document contains certain disclosures of agreements that are specific to HEP and its consolidated subsidiaries and do not necessarily represent obligations of HollyFrontier. When used in descriptions of agreements and transactions, “HEP” refers to HEP and its consolidated subsidiaries.


OVERVIEW

We are an independent petroleum refiner and marketer that produces high-value light products such as gasoline, diesel fuel, jet fuel, specialty lubricant products and specialty and modified asphalt. We own and operate refineries located in El Dorado, Kansas (the “El Dorado Refinery”), Tulsa, Oklahoma (the “Tulsa Refineries”), which comprise two production facilities, the Tulsa West and East facilities, Artesia, New Mexico, which operates in conjunction with crude, vacuum distillation and other facilities situated 65 miles away in Lovington, New Mexico (collectively, the “Navajo Refinery”) and Woods Cross, Utah (the “Woods Cross Refinery”). We market our refined products principally in the Southwest United States, the Rocky Mountains extending into the Pacific Northwest and in other neighboring Plains states. In addition, we produce base oils and other specialized lubricants in the United States, Canada and the Netherlands, and export products to more than 80 countries. We also own a 57% limited partner interest and a non-economic general partner interest in HEP, a master limited partnership that provides petroleum product and crude oil transportation, terminalling, storage and throughput services to the petroleum industry, including HollyFrontier Corporation subsidiaries.

On May 4, 2021, HollyFrontier Puget Sound Refining LLC (the “Purchaser”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of HollyFrontier Corporation, entered into a sale and purchase agreement with Equilon Enterprises LLC d/b/a Shell Oil Products US (the “Seller”) to acquire Seller’s refinery and related assets, including the on-site cogeneration facility and related logistics assets (the “Puget Sound Refinery”), for a base cash purchase price of $350 million plus hydrocarbon inventory to be valued at closing with an estimated current value in the range of $150 million to $180 million (the “Acquisition”). The Puget Sound Refinery is strategically located on approximately 850 acres in Anacortes, Washington, approximately 80 miles north of Seattle and 90 miles south of Vancouver. The 149,000 barrel per day facility is a large, high quality and complex refinery with catalytic cracking and delayed coking units and is well positioned geographically and logistically to source advantaged Canadian and Alaskan North Slope crudes. In addition to refining assets and an on-site cogeneration facility, the transaction includes a deep-water marine dock, a light product loading rack, a rail terminal, and storage tanks with approximately 5.8 million barrels of crude, product and other hydrocarbon storage capacity. The Acquisition is expected to close in the fourth quarter of 2021, subject to regulatory clearance and other customary closing conditions. We expect to fund the Acquisition with a one-year suspension of our regular quarterly dividend and cash on hand.
In the third quarter of 2020, we permanently ceased petroleum refining operations at our facility in Cheyenne, Wyoming (the “Cheyenne Refinery”) and subsequently began converting certain assets at our Cheyenne Refinery to renewable diesel production. In connection with the cessation of petroleum refining operations at our Cheyenne Refinery, we recognized $8.3 million in decommissioning expense and $0.5 million in employee severance costs for the three months ended March 31, 2021, which were recognized in operating expenses in our Corporate and Other segment.

During the first quarter of 2021, we initiated a restructuring within our Lubricants and Specialty Products segment, which is expected to save approximately $15 million per year of ongoing cash expenses. We recorded $7.8 million in employee severance costs for the three months ended March 31, 2021, which were recognized primarily as selling, general and administrative expenses in our Lubricants and Specialty Products segment.

For the three months ended March 31, 2021, net income attributable to HollyFrontier stockholders was $148.2 million compared to net loss of $304.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. Included in our financial results for the first quarter of 2021 was an inventory reserve adjustment that resulted in a benefit of $200.0 million and a $51.5 million gain recognized upon settlement of a tariff rate case. Gross refining margin per produced barrel sold in our Refining segment decreased 28% for the three months ended March 31, 2021 over the same period of 2020.

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Pursuant to the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act, the Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) promulgated the Renewable Fuel Standard (“RFS”) regulations, which increased the volume of renewable fuels mandated to be blended into the nation’s fuel supply. The regulations, in part, require refiners to add annually increasing amounts of “renewable fuels” to their petroleum products or purchase credits, known as renewable identification numbers (“RINs”), in lieu of such blending. Compliance with RFS regulations significantly increases our cost of products sold, with RINs costs totaling $69.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. At March 31, 2021, our open RINs credit obligations were $43.3 million. We will continue to monitor and adjust our RINs position commensurate with our production levels, market conditions and RFS regulations.

Impact of COVID-19 on Our Business
The COVID-19 pandemic caused a decline in U.S. and global economic activity starting in the first quarter of 2020. This decrease reduced both volumes and unit margins across our businesses, resulting in lower gross margins and earnings. Following a rebound in the late second and third quarters of 2020, demand for transportation fuels improved slightly through the first quarter of 2021, but continued to be weak compared to 2019 levels. In response to this level of demand as well as both planned and unplanned maintenance, we operated our Refining segment refineries at an average crude charge of 348,170 BPD during the first quarter of 2021.

In our Lubricants and Specialty Products segment, the Rack Forward portion saw improvement in industrial and transportation- related end markets, which drove higher demand and unit margins beginning in the second half of 2020, which continued through the first quarter of 2021. Within the Rack Back portion, a combination of strong demand compared to prior periods as well as limited supply due to a number of factors, drove higher margins and earnings in our Lubricants and Specialty Products segment during the first quarter of 2021.

The small but steady improvement in demand drove a broad increase in commodity prices, resulting in values for our inventories held at March 31, 2021 above the costs of these inventories using the last-in, first-out (“LIFO”) method and in a lower of cost or market valuation gain of $200.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021.

Our standalone (excluding HEP) liquidity was approximately $2.5 billion at March 31, 2021, consisting of cash and cash equivalents of $1.2 billion and an undrawn $1.35 billion credit facility maturing in 2026. Our standalone (excluding HEP) principal amount of long-term debt was $1.75 billion as of March 31, 2021, which consists of $350.0 million in 2.625% senior notes due in 2023, $1.0 billion of 5.875% senior notes due in 2026 and $400.0 million in 4.500% senior notes due in 2030.


OUTLOOK

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the global macroeconomy created an unprecedented reduction in demand, as well as a lack of forward visibility, for many of the transportation fuels, lubricants and specialty products and the associated transportation and terminal services we provide. Since the declines in demand at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, we began to see improvement in demand for these products and services beginning in the second quarter of 2020 that continued through the first quarter of 2021, and with the increasing availability of vaccines, we believe there is a path to a fulsome recovery in demand in 2021.

With the increasing availability of vaccines, more of our employees have started to return to work at our locations, and we have maintained our safety protocols such as the use of masks and social distancing. We will continue to monitor developments in the COVID-19 pandemic and the dynamic environment it has created to properly address these policies going forward.

Within our Refining segment, for the second quarter of 2021, we expect to run between 400,000-420,000 barrels per day of crude oil. We expect to adjust refinery production levels commensurate with market demand.

Within our Lubricants and Specialty Products segment, for the full year 2021, we expect to earn between $180 million to $220 million in income from operations and $230 million to $270 million of EBITDA in the Rack Forward portion of the segment. Within the Rack Back portion, for the second quarter of 2021, we expect base oil margins to fall from spot market levels, but remain higher than the past three years. Similar to our Refining segment, we expect to adjust production levels commensurate with market demand.

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At HEP, we expect to see demand for transportation and terminal services grow with underlying demand for transportation fuels and crude oil. In 2021, HEP expects to hold the quarterly distribution constant at $0.35 per unit, or $1.40 on an annualized basis. HEP remains committed to its distribution strategy focused on funding all capital expenditures and distributions within operating cash flow and improving distributable cash flow coverage to 1.3x or greater with the goal of reducing leverage to 3.0-3.5x.

During the third quarter of 2020, we increased our liquidity by $750.0 million with the issuance of $350.0 million in 2.625% senior notes due in 2023 and $400.0 million in 4.500% senior notes due in 2030. This additional liquidity may be used for general corporate purposes and is expected to support the planned growth of our renewables business and the unexpected economic impact of COVID-19, as needed. We do not intend to repurchase common stock under our $1.0 billion share repurchase program until demand for our products normalize. In addition, we announced the Acquisition, which is expected to close in the fourth quarter of 2021, subject to regulatory clearance and other customary closing conditions. We expect to fund the Acquisition with a one-year suspension of our regular quarterly dividend and cash on hand. Our Board of Directors approved the one-year suspension of the regular quarterly dividend effective with the dividend to be declared for the first quarter of 2021 and is expected to resume the dividend after such time.

On March 27, 2020, the U.S. government passed the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”), an approximately $2 trillion stimulus package that included various provisions intended to provide relief to individuals and businesses in the form of tax changes, loans and grants, among others. At this time, we have not sought relief in the form of loans or grants from the CARES Act; however, we have benefited from certain tax deferrals in the CARES Act and may benefit from other tax provisions if we meet the requirements to do so.

The extent to which our future results are affected by the COVID-19 pandemic will depend on various factors and consequences beyond our control, such as the duration and scope of the pandemic, additional actions by businesses and governments in response to the pandemic and the speed and effectiveness of responses to combat the virus. The COVID-19 pandemic, and the volatile regional and global economic conditions stemming from it, could also exacerbate the risk factors identified in this Form 10-Q and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020. The COVID-19 pandemic may also materially adversely affect our results in a manner that is either not currently known or that we do not currently consider to be a significant risk to our business.

A more detailed discussion of our financial and operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 is presented in the following sections.

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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Financial Data
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
Change from 2020
 20212020ChangePercent
 (In thousands, except per share data)
Sales and other revenues$3,504,293 $3,400,545 $103,748 %
Operating costs and expenses:
Cost of products sold (exclusive of depreciation and amortization):
Cost of products sold (exclusive of lower of cost or market inventory valuation adjustment)2,960,305 2,693,726 266,579 10 
Lower of cost or market inventory valuation adjustment(200,037)560,464 (760,501)(136)
2,760,268 3,254,190 (493,922)(15)
Operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)399,909 328,345 71,564 22 
Selling, general and administrative expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)81,975 87,737 (5,762)(7)
Depreciation and amortization124,079 140,575 (16,496)(12)
Total operating costs and expenses3,366,231 3,810,847 (444,616)(12)
Income (loss) from operations138,062 (410,302)548,364 (134)
Other income (expense):
Earnings of equity method investments1,763 1,714 49 
Interest income1,031 4,073 (3,042)(75)
Interest expense(38,386)(22,639)(15,747)70 
Gain on tariff settlement51,500 — 51,500 — 
Loss on early extinguishment of debt— (25,915)25,915 (100)
Loss on foreign currency transactions(1,317)(4,233)2,916 (69)
Other, net1,890 1,850 40 
16,481 (45,150)61,631 (137)
Income (loss) before income taxes154,543 (455,452)609,995 (134)
Income tax benefit(28,307)(162,166)133,859 (83)
Net income (loss)182,850 (293,286)476,136 (162)
Less net income attributable to noncontrolling interest34,633 11,337 23,296 205 
Net income (loss) attributable to HollyFrontier stockholders$148,217 $(304,623)$452,840 (149)%
Earnings (loss) per share:
Basic$0.90 $(1.88)$2.78 (148)%
Diluted$0.90 $(1.88)$2.78 (148)%
Cash dividends declared per common share$0.35 $0.35 $— — %
Average number of common shares outstanding:
Basic162,479 161,873 606 — %
Diluted162,479 161,873 606 — %


Balance Sheet Data
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
(Unaudited)
 (In thousands)
Cash and cash equivalents$1,193,428 $1,368,318 
Working capital$1,942,968 $1,935,605 
Total assets$11,934,817 $11,506,864 
Long-term debt$3,126,091 $3,142,718 
Total equity$5,838,046 $5,722,203 

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Other Financial Data 
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 20212020
 (In thousands)
Net cash provided by operating activities$62,326 $190,098 
Net cash used for investing activities$(147,064)$(86,094)
Net cash used for financing activities$(89,561)$(71,457)
Capital expenditures$149,961 $83,749 
EBITDA (1)
$281,344 $(307,648)

(1)Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, which we refer to as “EBITDA,” is calculated as net income (loss) attributable to HollyFrontier stockholders plus (i) interest expense, net of interest income, (ii) income tax provision, and (iii) depreciation and amortization. EBITDA is not a calculation provided for under GAAP; however, the amounts included in the EBITDA calculation are derived from amounts included in our consolidated financial statements. EBITDA should not be considered as an alternative to net income or operating income as an indication of our operating performance or as an alternative to operating cash flow as a measure of liquidity. EBITDA is not necessarily comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies. EBITDA is presented here because it is a widely used financial indicator used by investors and analysts to measure performance. EBITDA is also used by our management for internal analysis and as a basis for financial covenants. EBITDA presented above is reconciled to net income under “Reconciliations to Amounts Reported Under Generally Accepted Accounting Principles” following Item 3 of Part I of this Form 10-Q.

Segment Operating Data

Our operations are organized into three reportable segments, Refining, Lubricants and Specialty Products and HEP. See Note 14 “Segment Information” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on our reportable segments.

Refining Segment Operating Data

Our refinery operations include the El Dorado, Tulsa, Navajo and Woods Cross Refineries. The following tables set forth information, including non-GAAP performance measures, about our consolidated refinery operations. The cost of products and refinery gross and net operating margins do not include the non-cash effects of lower of cost or market inventory valuation adjustments and depreciation and amortization. Reconciliations to amounts reported under GAAP are provided under “Reconciliations to Amounts Reported Under Generally Accepted Accounting Principles” following Item 3 of Part I of this Form 10-Q. 

In the third quarter of 2020, we permanently ceased petroleum refining operations at our Cheyenne Refinery and subsequently began converting certain assets at our Cheyenne Refinery to renewable diesel production. The disaggregation of our refining geographic operating data is presented in two regions, Mid-Continent and West, to best reflect the economic drivers of our refining operations. The Mid-Continent region continues to be comprised of the El Dorado and Tulsa Refineries, and the new West region is comprised of the Navajo and Woods Cross Refineries. Refining segment operating data for the three months ended March 31, 2020 has been retrospectively adjusted to reflect the revised regional groupings.
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Three Months Ended March 31,
 20212020
Mid-Continent Region (El Dorado and Tulsa Refineries)
Crude charge (BPD) (1)
216,290 252,380 
Refinery throughput (BPD) (2)
229,560 270,920 
Sales of produced refined products (BPD) (3)
210,680 259,240 
Refinery utilization (4)
83.2 %97.1 %
Average per produced barrel (5)
Refinery gross margin$6.45 $9.54 
Refinery operating expenses (6)
9.91 5.30 
Net operating margin$(3.46)$4.24 
Refinery operating expenses per throughput barrel (7)
$9.09 $5.07 
Feedstocks:
Sweet crude oil59 %52 %
Sour crude oil13 %22 %
Heavy sour crude oil22 %19 %
Other feedstocks and blends%%
Total100 %100 %
Sales of produced refined products:
Gasolines51 %51 %
Diesel fuels34 %32 %
Jet fuels%%
Fuel oil%%
Asphalt%%
Base oils%%
LPG and other%%
Total100 %100 %
West Region (Navajo and Woods Cross Refineries)
Crude charge (BPD) (1)
131,880 140,250 
Refinery throughput (BPD) (2)
144,600 154,340 
Sales of produced refined products (BPD) (3)
144,260 150,610 
Refinery utilization (4)
91.0 %96.7 %
Average per produced barrel (5)
Refinery gross margin$10.26 $13.68 
Refinery operating expenses (6)
8.09 6.91 
Net operating margin$2.17 $6.77 
Refinery operating expenses per throughput barrel (7)
$8.07 $6.74 
Feedstocks:
Sweet crude oil24 %27 %
Sour crude oil59 %52 %
Black wax crude oil%12 %
Other feedstocks and blends%%
Total100 %100 %
Sales of produced refined products:
Gasolines55 %56 %
Diesel fuels36 %36 %
Fuel oil%%
Asphalt%%
LPG and other%%
Total100 %100 %
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Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
Consolidated
Crude charge (BPD) (1)
348,170 392,630 
Refinery throughput (BPD) (2)
374,160 425,260 
Sales of produced refined products (BPD) (3)
354,940 409,850 
Refinery utilization (4)
86.0 %96.9 %
Average per produced barrel (5)
Refinery gross margin$8.00 $11.06 
Refinery operating expenses (6)
9.17 5.89 
Net operating margin$(1.17)$5.17 
Refinery operating expenses per throughput barrel (7)
$8.70 $5.68 
Consolidated
Feedstocks:
Sweet crude oil45 %43 %
Sour crude oil31 %32 %
Heavy sour crude oil14 %12 %
Black wax crude oil%%
Other feedstocks and blends%%
Total100 %100 %
Sales of produced refined products:
Gasolines54 %53 %
Diesel fuels35 %33 %
Jet fuels%%
Fuel oil%%
Asphalt%%
Base oils%%
LPG and other%%
Total100 %100 %
 
(1)Crude charge represents the barrels per day of crude oil processed at our refineries.
(2)Refinery throughput represents the barrels per day of crude and other refinery feedstocks input to the crude units and other conversion units at our refineries.
(3)Represents barrels sold of refined products produced at our refineries (including HFC Asphalt) and does not include volumes of refined products purchased for resale or volumes of excess crude oil sold.
(4)Represents crude charge divided by total crude capacity (BPSD). Our consolidated crude capacity is 405,000 BPSD.
(5)Represents average amount per produced barrel sold, which is a non-GAAP measure. Reconciliations to amounts reported under GAAP are provided under “Reconciliations to Amounts Reported Under Generally Accepted Accounting Principles” following Item 3 of Part I of this Form 10-Q.
(6)Represents total refining segment operating expenses, exclusive of depreciation and amortization and Cheyenne Refinery operating expenses, divided by sales volumes of refined products produced at our refineries.
(7)Represents total refining segment operating expenses, exclusive of depreciation and amortization and Cheyenne Refinery operating expenses, divided by refinery throughput.


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Lubricants and Specialty Products Operating Data

The following table sets forth information about our lubricants and specialty products operations.
Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
Lubricants and Specialty Products
Throughput (BPD)20,410 21,750 
Sales of produced refined products (BPD)32,570 36,800 
Sales of produced refined products:
Finished products52 %47 %
Base oils26 %26 %
Other22 %27 %
Total100 %100 %

Supplemental financial data attributable to our Lubricants and Specialty Products segment is presented below.
Rack Back (1)
Rack Forward (2)
Eliminations (3)
Total Lubricants and Specialty Products
(In thousands)
Three months ended March 31, 2021
Sales and other revenues$173,442 $483,246 $(132,125)$524,563 
Cost of products sold$132,532 $331,116 $(132,125)$331,523 
Operating expenses$28,621 $32,132 $— $60,753 
Selling, general and administrative expenses$6,739 $38,814 $— $45,553 
Depreciation and amortization$7,305 $12,816 $— $20,121 
Income (loss) from operations$(1,755)$68,368 $— $66,613 
Three months ended March 31, 2020
Sales and other revenues$164,829 $474,057 $(112,283)$526,603 
Cost of products sold$180,600 $323,063 $(112,283)$391,380 
Operating expenses$23,269 $30,862 $— $54,131 
Selling, general and administrative expenses$5,363 $43,599 $— $48,962 
Depreciation and amortization$10,867 $11,182 $— $22,049 
Income (loss) from operations$(55,270)$65,351 $— $10,081 

(1) Rack Back consists of our PCLI base oil production activities, by-product sales to third parties and intra-segment base oil sales to Rack Forward.
(2) Rack Forward activities include the purchase of base oils from Rack Back and the blending, packaging, marketing and distribution and sales of finished lubricants and specialty products to third parties.
(3) Intra-segment sales of Rack Back produced base oils to Rack Forward are eliminated under the “Eliminations” column.


Results of Operations – Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2020

Summary
Net income attributable to HollyFrontier stockholders for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was $148.2 million ($0.90 per basic and diluted share), a $452.8 million increase from a net loss of $304.6 million ($(1.88) per basic and diluted share) for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The increase in net income was principally due to lower of cost or market inventory reserve adjustments that increased pre-tax earnings by $200.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and decreased pre-tax earnings by $560.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. Net income for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was also impacted by winter storm Uri, which increased natural gas costs by approximately $65 million across our refining system. Refinery gross margins for the three months ended March 31, 2021 decreased to $8.00 per produced barrel sold from $11.06 for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

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Sales and Other Revenues
Sales and other revenues increased 3% from $3,400.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 to $3,504.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 due to the increase in average per barrel sold sales prices, partially offset by lower refined product sales volumes. Sales and other revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 included $25.3 million and $26.4 million, respectively, of HEP revenues attributable to pipeline and transportation services provided to unaffiliated parties. Additionally, sales and other revenues included $522.0 million and $523.5 million in unaffiliated revenues related to our Lubricants and Specialty Products segment for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Cost of Products Sold
Total cost of products sold decreased 15% from $3,254.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 to $2,760.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. During the first quarter of 2021, we recognized a lower of cost or market inventory valuation adjustment benefit of $200.0 million compared to a charge of $560.5 million for the same period in 2020, resulting in a new $118.8 million inventory lower of cost or market reserve at March 31, 2021. The lower of cost or market reserve at March 31, 2021 was based on market conditions and prices at that time. This decrease in cost of products sold was partially offset by an increase in crude oil and feedstock prices.

Gross Refinery Margins
Gross refinery margin per produced barrel sold decreased 28% from $11.06 for the three months ended March 31, 2020 to $8.00 for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The decrease was driven by the impacts of planned maintenance and winter storm Uri on our operations and lower realized margins along with higher laid-in crude costs. Gross refinery margin per barrel does not include the non-cash effects of lower of cost or market inventory valuation adjustments or depreciation and amortization. See “Reconciliations to Amounts Reported Under Generally Accepted Accounting Principles” following Item 3 of Part I of this Form 10-Q for a reconciliation to the income statement of sale prices of products sold and cost of products purchased.

Operating Expenses
Operating expenses, exclusive of depreciation and amortization, increased 22% from $328.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 to $399.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 primarily due to a temporary increase in natural gas prices during winter storm Uri and higher planned and unplanned repair and maintenance costs compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased 7% from $87.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 to $82.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 primarily due to lower professional services and travel expenses, partially offset by an increase in employee-related expenses as a result of the restructuring we initiated within our Lubricants and Specialty Products segment during the first quarter of 2021.

Depreciation and Amortization Expenses
Depreciation and amortization decreased 12% from $140.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 to $124.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. This decrease was primarily due to lower capitalized refinery turnaround costs during 2020 and lower depreciation expense resulting from the assets impaired in the second quarter of 2020.

Interest Expense
Interest expense was $38.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to $22.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. This increase was primarily due to interest expense on our senior notes issued in September 2020 and net losses related to our catalyst financing arrangements during the three months ended March 31, 2021 as compared to net gains during the three months ended March 31, 2020. The increase was partially offset by lower weighted average balance and lower market interest rates on HEP’s credit facility. For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, interest expense included $13.2 million and $16.1 million, respectively, in interest costs attributable to HEP.

Gain on Tariff Settlement
For the three months ended March 31, 2021, we recorded a gain of $51.5 million upon the settlement of a tariff rate case. See Note 13 “Contingencies” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on this case and settlement.

Loss on Early Extinguishment of Debt
For the three months ended March 31, 2020, HEP recorded a $25.9 million loss on the redemption of its $500 million aggregate principal amount of 6% senior notes maturing August 2024 for $522.5 million.

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Loss on Foreign Currency Transactions
Remeasurement adjustments resulting from the foreign currency conversion of the intercompany financing notes payable by Petro-Canada Lubricants Inc. (“PCLI”) net of mark-to-market valuations on foreign exchange forward contracts with banks which hedge the foreign currency exposure on these intercompany notes were net losses of $1.3 million and $4.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, loss on foreign currency transactions included a loss of $6.7 million and a gain of $33.5 million, respectively, on foreign exchange forward contracts (utilized as an economic hedge).

Income Taxes
For the three months ended March 31, 2021, we recorded an income tax benefit of $28.3 million compared to $162.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. This decrease in income tax benefit was due principally to pre-tax income during the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to a pre-tax loss in the same period of 2020. Our effective tax rates were (18.3)% and 35.6% for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The decrease in the effective tax rate is due principally to the relationship between the pre-tax results and the earnings attributable to the noncontrolling interest that is not included in income for tax purposes.


LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

HollyFrontier Credit Agreement
At March 31, 2021, we had a $1.35 billion senior unsecured revolving credit facility maturing in February 2022 (the “HollyFrontier Credit Agreement”). On April 30, 2021, we amended the HollyFrontier Credit Agreement to extend the maturity date to April 30, 2026 (the “Amended HollyFrontier Credit Agreement”). The Amended HollyFrontier Credit Agreement may be used for revolving credit loans and letters of credit from time to time and is available to fund general corporate purposes. At March 31, 2021, we were in compliance with all covenants, had no outstanding borrowings and had outstanding letters of credit totaling $5.7 million under the HollyFrontier Credit Agreement.

HollyFrontier Financing Arrangements
Certain of our wholly-owned subsidiaries entered into financing arrangements whereby such subsidiaries sold a portion of their precious metals catalyst to a financial institution and then leased back the precious metals catalyst in exchange for cash. The volume of the precious metals catalyst and the lease rate are fixed over the term of each lease, and the lease payments are recorded as interest expense. The current leases mature on February 1, 2022. Upon maturity, we must either satisfy the obligation at fair market value or refinance to extend the maturity.

HEP Credit Agreement
At March 31, 2021, HEP had a $1.4 billion senior secured revolving credit facility maturing in July 2022 (the “HEP Credit Agreement”). On April 30, 2021, the HEP Credit Agreement was amended, decreasing the commitments under the facility to $1.2 billion and extending the maturity to July 27, 2025 (the “Amended HEP Credit Agreement”). The Amended HEP Credit Agreement is available to fund capital expenditures, investments, acquisitions, distribution payments, working capital and for general partnership purposes. It is also available to fund letters of credit up to a $50 million sub-limit and continues to provide for an accordion feature that allows HEP to increase the commitments under the Amended HEP Credit Agreement up to a maximum amount of $1.7 billion. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, HEP received advances totaling $73.0 million and repaid $90.5 million under the HEP Credit Agreement. At March 31, 2021, HEP was in compliance with all of its covenants, had outstanding borrowings of $896.0 million and no outstanding letters of credit under the HEP Credit Agreement.

See Note 9 “Debt” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on our debt instruments.

HEP Common Unit Continuous Offering Program
HEP has a continuous offering program under which HEP may issue and sell common units from time to time, representing limited partner interests, up to an aggregate gross sales amount of $200 million. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, HEP did not issue any common units under this program. As of March 31, 2021, HEP has issued 2,413,153 units since the inception of this program, providing $82.3 million in gross proceeds.

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Liquidity
We believe our current cash and cash equivalents, along with future internally generated cash flow and funds available under our credit facilities, will provide sufficient resources to fund currently planned capital projects and our liquidity needs for the foreseeable future. We expect that, to the extent necessary, we can raise additional funds from time to time through equity or debt financings in the public and private capital markets. In addition, components of our growth strategy include the expansion of existing units at our facilities and selective acquisition of complementary assets for our refining operations intended to increase earnings and cash flow. In connection with the acquisition of the Puget Sound Refinery, our Board of Directors approved a one-year suspension of the regular quarterly dividend effective with the dividend to be declared for the first quarter of 2021 and is expected to resume the dividend after such time.

Our standalone (excluding HEP) liquidity was approximately $2.5 billion at March 31, 2021, consisting of cash and cash equivalents of $1.2 billion and an undrawn $1.35 billion credit facility.

We consider all highly-liquid instruments with a maturity of three months or less at the time of purchase to be cash equivalents. These primarily consist of investments in conservative, highly-rated instruments issued by financial institutions, government and corporate entities with strong credit standings and money market funds. Cash equivalents are stated at cost, which approximates market value.

In November 2019, our Board of Directors approved a $1.0 billion share repurchase program, which replaced all existing share repurchase programs, authorizing us to repurchase common stock in the open market or through privately negotiated transactions. The timing and amount of stock repurchases will depend on market conditions and corporate, regulatory and other relevant considerations. This program may be discontinued at any time by the Board of Directors. As of March 31, 2021, we had not repurchased common stock under this stock repurchase program. In addition, we are authorized by our Board of Directors to repurchase shares in an amount sufficient to offset shares issued under our compensation programs. We do not intend to repurchase common stock under our $1.0 billion share repurchase program until completion of our ongoing renewables capital projects at the earliest.
Cash Flows – Operating Activities

Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
Net cash flows provided by operating activities were $62.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to $190.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, a decrease of $127.8 million. The decrease in operating cash flows was primarily due to lower gross refinery margins and higher operating expenses, partially offset by timing of turnaround expenditures and $51.5 million received upon settlement of a tariff rate case. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, turnaround expenditures decreased to $24.8 million from $38.7 million for the same period of 2020.

Changes in working capital increased operating cash flows by $14.1 million and decreased operating cash flows by $65.4 million, for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Changes in working capital items adjust for the timing of receipts and payments of actual cash.

Cash Flows – Investing Activities and Planned Capital Expenditures

Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
Net cash flows used for investing activities were $147.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to $86.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, an increase of $61.0 million. Cash expenditures for properties, plants and equipment for the first three months of 2021 increased to $150.0 million from $83.7 million for the same period in 2020, primarily due to expenditures related to our renewable diesel units that are expected to be completed in early 2022. Cash expenditures for properties, plants and equipment include HEP capital expenditures of $33.2 million and $18.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. For the three months ended March 31, 2020, HEP also invested $2.3 million in the Cushing Connect Pipeline & Terminal LLC joint venture.

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HollyFrontier Corporation
Each year our Board of Directors approves our annual capital budget which includes specific projects that management is authorized to undertake. Additionally, when conditions warrant or as new opportunities arise, additional projects may be approved. The funds appropriated for a particular capital project may be expended over a period of several years, depending on the time required to complete the project. Therefore, our planned capital expenditures for a given year consist of expenditures appropriated in that year’s capital budget plus expenditures for projects appropriated in prior years which have not yet been completed. Refinery turnaround spending is amortized over the useful life of the turnaround.

The refining industry is capital intensive and requires on-going investments to sustain our refining operations. This includes replacement of, or rebuilding, refinery units and components that extend the useful life. We also invest in projects that improve operational reliability and profitability via enhancements that improve refinery processing capabilities as well as production yield and flexibility. Our capital expenditures also include projects related to renewable diesel, environmental, health and safety compliance and include initiatives as a result of federal and state mandates.

Our refinery operations and related emissions are highly regulated at both federal and state levels, and we invest in our facilities as needed to remain in compliance with these standards. Additionally, when faced with new emissions or fuels standards, we seek to execute projects that facilitate compliance and also improve the operating costs and / or yields of associated refining processes.

HEP
Each year the Holly Logistic Services, L.L.C. board of directors approves HEP’s annual capital budget, which specifies capital projects that HEP management is authorized to undertake. Additionally, at times when conditions warrant or as new opportunities arise, special projects may be approved. The funds allocated for a particular capital project may be expended over a period in excess of a year, depending on the time required to complete the project. Therefore, HEP’s planned capital expenditures for a given year consist of expenditures approved for capital projects included in its current year capital budget as well as, in certain cases, expenditures approved for capital projects in capital budgets for prior years. In addition, HEP may spend funds periodically to perform capital upgrades or additions to its assets where a customer reimburses HEP for such costs. The upgrades or additions would generally benefit the customer over the remaining life of the related service agreements.

Expected capital and turnaround cash spending for 2021 is as follows:    
Expected Cash Spending Range
(In millions)
HollyFrontier Capital Expenditures
Refining$190.0 $220.0 
Renewables625.0 675.0 
Lubricants and Specialty Products40.0 50.0 
Turnarounds and catalyst320.0 350.0 
Total HollyFrontier1,175.0 1,295.0 
HEP
Maintenance14.0 18.0 
Expansion and joint venture investment30.0 35.0 
Refining unit turnarounds5.0 8.0 
Total HEP49.0 61.0 
Total$1,224.0 $1,356.0 

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Cash Flows – Financing Activities

Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
For the three months ended March 31, 2021, our net cash flows used for financing activities were $89.6 million. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we paid $57.7 million in dividends. Also during this period, HEP had net repayments of $17.5 million under the HEP Credit Agreement and paid distributions of $20.0 million to noncontrolling interests. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, HEP received contributions from noncontrolling interests of $6.3 million.

For the three months ended March 31, 2020, our net cash flows used for financing activities were $71.5 million. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, we paid $57.2 million in dividends. Also during this period, HEP received $112.0 million and repaid $67.0 million under the HEP Credit Agreement, paid $522.5 million upon the redemption of HEP’s 6.0% senior notes and received $491.5 million in net proceeds from the issuance of HEP 5.0% senior notes and paid distributions of $33.9 million to noncontrolling interests.

Contractual Obligations and Commitments

HollyFrontier Corporation

There were no significant changes to our long-term contractual obligations during the three months ended March 31, 2021.

HEP

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, HEP had net repayments of $17.5 million resulting in $896.0 million of outstanding borrowings under the HEP Credit Agreement at March 31, 2021.

There were no other significant changes to HEP’s long-term contractual obligations during this period.


CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES

Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

Our significant accounting policies are described in “Part II, Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Critical Accounting Policies” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020. Certain critical accounting policies that materially affect the amounts recorded in our consolidated financial statements include the use of the last-in, first-out (“LIFO”) method of valuing certain inventories, assessing the possible impairment of certain long-lived assets and goodwill, and assessing contingent liabilities for probable losses.

Inventory Valuation: Inventories related to our refining operations are stated at the lower of cost, using the LIFO method for crude oil and unfinished and finished refined products, or market. In periods of rapidly declining prices, LIFO inventories may have to be written down to market value due to the higher costs assigned to LIFO layers in prior periods. In addition, the use of the LIFO inventory method may result in increases or decreases to cost of sales in years that inventory volumes decline as the result of charging cost of sales with LIFO inventory costs generated in prior periods. An actual valuation of inventory under the LIFO method is made at the end of each year based on the inventory levels at that time. Accordingly, interim LIFO calculations are based on management’s estimates of expected year-end inventory levels and are subject to the final year-end LIFO inventory valuation.

At March 31, 2021, our lower of cost or market inventory valuation reserve was $118.8 million. This amount, or a portion thereof, is subject to reversal as a reduction to cost of products sold in subsequent periods as inventories giving rise to the reserve are sold, and a new reserve is established. Such a reduction to cost of products sold could be significant if inventory values return to historical cost price levels. Additionally, further decreases in overall inventory values could result in additional charges to cost of products sold should the lower of cost or market inventory valuation reserve be increased.

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Inventories consisting of process chemicals, materials and maintenance supplies and RINs are stated at the lower of weighted-average cost or net realizable value. Inventories of our Petro-Canada Lubricants and Sonneborn businesses are stated at the lower of cost, using the FIFO method, or net realizable value.

Goodwill and Long-lived Assets: As of March 31, 2021, our goodwill balance was $2.3 billion, with goodwill assigned to our Refining, Lubricants and Specialty Products and HEP segments of $1,733.5 million, $247.1 million and $312.9 million, respectively. Goodwill represents the excess of the cost of an acquired entity over the fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed. Goodwill is not subject to amortization and is tested annually or more frequently if an event occurs or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of a reporting unit below its carrying amount. Our goodwill impairment testing first entails either a quantitative assessment or an optional qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. If we determine that based on the qualitative factors that it is more likely than not that the carrying value of the reporting unit is greater than its fair value, a quantitative test is performed in which we estimate the fair value of the related reporting unit. If the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, the goodwill of that reporting unit is impaired, and we measure goodwill impairment as the excess of the carrying amount of reporting unit over the related fair value.

For purposes of long-lived asset impairment evaluation, we have grouped our long-lived assets as follows: (i) our refinery asset groups, which include certain HEP logistics assets, (ii) our Lubricants and Specialty Products asset groups and (iii) our HEP asset groups, which comprises HEP assets not included in our refinery asset groups. These asset groups represent the lowest level for which independent cash flows can be identified. Our long-lived assets are evaluated for impairment by identifying whether indicators of impairment exist and if so, assessing whether the long-lived assets are recoverable from estimated future undiscounted cash flows. The actual amount of impairment loss measured, if any, is equal to the amount by which the asset group’s carrying value exceeds its fair value.

We continually monitor and evaluate various factors for potential indicators of goodwill and long-lived asset impairment. A reasonable expectation exists that further deterioration in our operating results or overall economic conditions could result in an impairment of goodwill and / or additional long-lived asset impairments at some point in the future. Future impairment charges could be material to our results of operations and financial condition.

Contingencies
We are subject to proceedings, lawsuits and other claims related to environmental, labor, product and other matters. We are required to assess the likelihood of any adverse judgments or outcomes to these matters as well as potential ranges of probable losses. A determination of the amount of reserves required, if any, for these contingencies is made after careful analysis of each individual issue. The required reserves may change in the future due to new developments in each matter or changes in approach such as a change in settlement strategy in dealing with these matters.


RISK MANAGEMENT

We use certain strategies to reduce some commodity price and operational risks. We do not attempt to eliminate all market risk exposures when we believe that the exposure relating to such risk would not be significant to our future earnings, financial position, capital resources or liquidity or that the cost of eliminating the exposure would outweigh the benefit.

Commodity Price Risk Management
Our primary market risk is commodity price risk. We are exposed to market risks related to the volatility in crude oil and refined products, as well as volatility in the price of natural gas used in our refining operations. We periodically enter into derivative contracts in the form of commodity price swaps, forward purchase and sales and futures contracts to mitigate price exposure with respect to our inventory positions, natural gas purchases, sales prices of refined products and crude oil costs.

Foreign Currency Risk Management
We are exposed to market risk related to the volatility in foreign currency exchange rates. We periodically enter into derivative contracts in the form of foreign exchange forward and foreign exchange swap contracts to mitigate the exposure associated with fluctuations on intercompany notes with our foreign subsidiaries that are not denominated in the U.S. dollar.

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As of March 31, 2021, we have the following notional contract volumes related to all outstanding derivative instruments used to mitigate commodity price and foreign currency risk:
Notional Contract Volumes by Year of Maturity
Derivative InstrumentTotal Outstanding Notional20212022Unit of Measure
Natural gas price swaps - long1,350,000 1,350,000 — MMBTU
NYMEX futures (WTI) - short805,000 805,000 — Barrels
Forward gasoline and diesel contracts - long315,000 315,000 — Barrels
Forward gasoline contracts - short400,000 400,000 — Barrels
Foreign currency forward contracts421,800,661 311,887,682 109,912,979 U.S. dollar
Forward commodity contracts (platinum) (1)
40,767 — 40,767 Troy ounces

(1) Represents an embedded derivative within our catalyst financing arrangements, which may be refinanced or require repayment under certain conditions. See Note 9 “Debt” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on these financing arrangements.

The following sensitivity analysis provides the hypothetical effects of market price fluctuations to the commodity hedged under our derivative contracts:
Estimated Change in Fair Value at March 31,
Commodity-based Derivative Contracts20212020
(In thousands)
Hypothetical 10% change in underlying commodity prices$4,420 $319 

Interest Rate Risk Management
The market risk inherent in our fixed-rate debt is the potential change arising from increases or decreases in interest rates as discussed below.

For the fixed rate HollyFrontier Senior Notes and HEP Senior Notes, changes in interest rates will generally affect fair value of the debt, but not earnings or cash flows. The outstanding principal, estimated fair value and estimated change in fair value (assuming a hypothetical 10% change in the yield-to-maturity rates) for this debt as of March 31, 2021 is presented below:
Outstanding
Principal
Estimated
Fair Value
Estimated
Change in
Fair Value
 (In thousands)
HollyFrontier Senior Notes$1,750,000 $1,908,586 $28,997 
HEP Senior Notes$500,000 $504,960 $14,201 

For the variable rate HEP Credit Agreement, changes in interest rates would affect cash flows, but not the fair value. At March 31, 2021, outstanding borrowings under the HEP Credit Agreement were $896.0 million. A hypothetical 10% change in interest rates applicable to the HEP Credit Agreement would not materially affect cash flows.

Our operations are subject to hazards of petroleum processing operations, including but not limited to fire, explosion and weather-related perils. We maintain various insurance coverages, including property damage and business interruption insurance, subject to certain deductibles and insurance policy terms and conditions. We are not fully insured against certain risks because such risks are not fully insurable, coverage is unavailable, or premium costs, in our judgment, do not justify such expenditures.

Financial information is reviewed on the counterparties in order to review and monitor their financial stability and assess their ongoing ability to honor their commitments under the derivative contracts. We have not experienced, nor do we expect to experience, any difficulty in the counterparties honoring their commitments.

We have a risk management oversight committee consisting of members from our senior management. This committee oversees our risk enterprise program, monitors our risk environment and provides direction for activities to mitigate identified risks that may adversely affect the achievement of our goals.
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Item 3.Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

See “Risk Management” under “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”


Reconciliations to Amounts Reported Under Generally Accepted Accounting Principles

Reconciliations of earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”) to amounts reported under generally accepted accounting principles in financial statements.

Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, which we refer to as EBITDA, is calculated as net income (loss) attributable to HollyFrontier stockholders plus (i) interest expense, net of interest income, (ii) income tax provision, and (iii) depreciation and amortization. EBITDA is not a calculation provided for under GAAP; however, the amounts included in the EBITDA calculation are derived from amounts included in our consolidated financial statements. EBITDA should not be considered as an alternative to net income or operating income as an indication of our operating performance or as an alternative to operating cash flow as a measure of liquidity. EBITDA is not necessarily comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies. EBITDA is presented here because it is a widely used financial indicator used by investors and analysts to measure performance. EBITDA is also used by our management for internal analysis and as a basis for financial covenants.

Set forth below is our calculation of EBITDA.
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 20212020
 (In thousands)
Net income (loss) attributable to HollyFrontier stockholders$148,217 $(304,623)
Add interest expense38,386 22,639 
Subtract interest income(1,031)(4,073)
Subtract income tax benefit(28,307)(162,166)
Add depreciation and amortization124,079 140,575 
EBITDA$281,344 $(307,648)

Reconciliations of refinery operating information (non-GAAP performance measures) to amounts reported under generally accepted accounting principles in financial statements.

Refinery gross margin and net operating margin are non-GAAP performance measures that are used by our management and others to compare our refining performance to that of other companies in our industry. We believe these margin measures are helpful to investors in evaluating our refining performance on a relative and absolute basis. Refinery gross margin per produced barrel sold is total refining segment revenues less total refining segment cost of products sold, exclusive of lower of cost or market inventory valuation adjustments, divided by sales volumes of produced refined products sold. Net operating margin per barrel sold is the difference between refinery gross margin and refinery operating expenses per produced barrel sold. These two margins do not include the non-cash effects of long-lived asset impairment charges, lower of cost or market inventory valuation adjustments or depreciation and amortization. Each of these component performance measures can be reconciled directly to our consolidated statements of operations. Other companies in our industry may not calculate these performance measures in the same manner.

Below are reconciliations to our consolidated statements of operations for refinery net operating and gross margin and operating expenses, in each case averaged per produced barrel sold. Due to rounding of reported numbers, some amounts may not calculate exactly.

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Reconciliation of average refining segment net operating margin per produced barrel sold to refinery gross margin to total sales
and other revenues
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 20212020
 (Dollars in thousands, except per barrel amounts)
Consolidated
Net operating margin per produced barrel sold$(1.17)$5.17 
Add average refinery operating expenses per produced barrel sold9.17 5.89 
Refinery gross margin per produced barrel sold8.00 11.06 
Times produced barrels sold (BPD)354,940 409,850 
Times number of days in period90 91 
Refining gross margin255,557 412,498 
Add (subtract) rounding(5)146 
West and Mid-Continent regions gross margin255,552 412,644 
Add West and Mid-Continent regions cost of products sold2,761,943 2,287,109 
Add Cheyenne Refinery sales and other revenues— 235,113 
Refining segment sales and other revenues3,017,495 2,934,866 
Add lubricants and specialty products segment sales and other revenues524,563 526,603 
Add HEP segment sales and other revenues127,184 127,854 
Subtract corporate, other and eliminations(164,949)(188,778)
Sales and other revenues$3,504,293 $3,400,545 


Reconciliation of average refining segment operating expenses per produced barrel sold to total operating expenses
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 20212020
 (Dollars in thousands, except per barrel amounts)
Consolidated
Average refinery operating expenses per produced barrel sold$9.17 $5.89 
Times produced barrels sold (BPD)354,940 409,850 
Times number of days in period90 91 
Refinery operating expenses292,932 219,676 
Add (subtract) rounding(77)(22)
West and Mid-Continent regions operating expenses292,855 219,654 
Add Cheyenne Refinery operating expenses— 39,520 
Refining segment operating expenses292,855 259,174 
Add lubricants and specialty products segment operating expenses60,753 54,131 
Add HEP segment operating expenses41,365 34,981 
Add (subtract) corporate, other and eliminations4,936 (19,941)
Operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)$399,909 $328,345 


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Item 4.Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures. Our principal executive officer and principal financial officer have evaluated, as required by Rule 13a-15(b) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”), our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) under the Exchange Act as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance that the information we are required to disclose in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure and is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms. Based upon the evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level as of March 31, 2021.

Changes in internal control over financial reporting. There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that occurred during our last fiscal quarter that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect our internal control over financial reporting.

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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1.Legal Proceedings

In the ordinary course of business, we may become party to legal, regulatory or administrative proceedings or governmental investigations, including environmental and other matters. Damages or penalties may be sought from us in some matters and certain matters may require years to resolve. While the outcome and impact of these proceedings and investigations on us cannot be predicted with certainty, based on advice of counsel and information currently available to us, management believes that the resolution of these proceedings and investigations through settlement or adverse judgment will not either individually or in the aggregate have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

The environmental proceedings are reported to comply with SEC regulations which require us to disclose proceedings arising under provisions regulating the discharge of materials into the environment or protecting the environment when a governmental authority is party to the proceedings and such proceedings involve potential monetary sanctions that we reasonably believe could exceed $300,000 or more. Certain disclosures made under the SEC’s prior $100,000 threshold will remain until their resolution.

Environmental Matters

Cheyenne
HollyFrontier Cheyenne Refining LLC (“HFCR”) has been in discussions with the Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality (“WDEQ”) relating to alleged violations of air quality emission limitations and requirements related to operation of certain refinery units at the Cheyenne Refinery.

Notices of Violations were issued by the WDEQ in late 2016 and 2018. On July 18, 2019, HFCR and the WDEQ entered into a consent decree, and on August 9, 2019, HFCR paid penalties in the amount of $117,000 related to alleged violations of air quality limits that occurred during the second quarter of 2016 through the second quarter of 2017. Separately, on October 23, 2019, HFCR received a Notice of Violation from the WDEQ for possible violations of air quality standards during the first and second quarters of 2019. HFCR and WDEQ agreed to resolve alleged violations of air quality limits that occurred during the third quarter of 2017 through calendar year 2019 and during the first quarter of 2020 through the cessation of petroleum refining operations at the Cheyenne Refinery in the third quarter of 2020. During a settlement conference on November 9, 2020, WDEQ proposed a settlement that would impose a penalty of $95,075 to resolve the alleged violations that occurred during the third quarter of 2017 through the date of the refinery shutdown. As part of the settlement process, on January 15, 2021, the State of Wyoming filed a complaint with the Wyoming District Court addressing the alleged violations. On February 18, 2021, WDEQ and HFCR filed a Joint Motion for Entry of Consent Decree memorializing the terms of the settlement with the Wyoming District Court. The Court entered the Consent Decree on February 23, 2021, and HFCR paid the penalty amount on March 4, 2021. HFCR’s payment of the penalty, together with a previously completed Supplemental Environmental Project, fully satisfied its obligations under the Consent Decree. Pursuant to the terms of the Consent Decree, on March 31, 2021 the Court entered an order terminating the Consent Decree and dismissing the action with prejudice.

El Dorado
HollyFrontier El Dorado Refining LLC (“HFEDR”) has been engaged in discussions with, and has responded to document requests from, the EPA, the U.S. Department of Justice (“DOJ”) and the State of Kansas regarding alleged Clean Air Act civil violations relating to flaring devices and other equipment at the refinery. Topics of the discussions included: (a) three information requests for activities beginning in January 2009, (b) the Clean Air Act’s Risk Management Program (“RMP”) compliance issues relating to a November 2014 inspection and subsequent events, (c) a Notice of Violation issued by the EPA in August 2017, and (d) possible late reporting under the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act for the release of sulfur dioxide and visible emissions from October 2018.

Some of the foregoing civil investigations resulted from fires that occurred at the El Dorado Refinery in September 2017, October 2018 and March 2019. An employee fatality occurred during the September 2017 event. On May 28, 2020, HFEDR reached a settlement in the form of a proposed consent decree with the EPA, the DOJ, and the State of Kansas regarding the alleged Clean Air Act civil violations relating to flaring devices and other equipment at the refinery, as well as compliance with the RMP.

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The proposed consent decree was lodged with the U.S. District Court for the District of Kansas, and the 30-day public comment period ended on July 18, 2020. On July 27, 2020, the EPA, the DOJ and the State of Kansas filed their Unopposed Motion to enter the Consent Decree with the U.S. District Court for the District of Kansas, and on August 27, 2020, the consent decree was entered by the district judge and became effective. Pursuant to the consent decree, among other terms and conditions, HFEDR is required to complete certain projects, implement protocols regarding the examination of its fired heaters and conduct a third party RMP audit of certain of its processes. In addition, HFEDR was required to pay a civil penalty of $2 million to the United States and $2 million to the State of Kansas in two installments, the first half within 30 days of entry of the consent decree and the second within six months of entry of the consent decree. All payments have been timely made, and HFEDR has undertaken several of the required projects. The consent decree resolves the alleged federal and state civil Clean Air Act liability for penalties and injunctive relief, other than potential civil penalties for RMP violations. Finally, as part of the settlement, a 2009 consent decree applicable to the refinery was terminated. In March 2021, the EPA contacted HFEDR to begin discussions on potential civil penalties for the RMP violations noted above.

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (“OSHA”) conducted investigations into both the September 2017 and March 2019 events identified above, and HFEDR settled the OSHA claims related to those investigations in 2018 and 2019, respectively. In April 2019, HFEDR became aware that the EPA also initiated a criminal investigation into one or more of the foregoing events. HFEDR has received a grand jury subpoena requesting certain documents be provided to the EPA with respect to the September 2017 event. HFEDR cooperated with the EPA in responding to the subpoena. In April 2021, the EPA informed HFEDR that the records HFEDR produced in response to the subpoena would be returned to HFEDR. We do not believe that criminal charges will be brought.

Tulsa
HollyFrontier Tulsa Refining LLC (“HFTR”) operates under two Consent Decrees with the EPA and the Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality (“ODEQ”) for the East and West Refineries. On April 3, 2019, the EPA notified HFTR of potential violations of the Consent Decrees. On December 1, 2020, ODEQ, on behalf of ODEQ and the EPA, issued two demand letters alleging violations under the Consent Decrees, which stemmed from inspections conducted by the EPA at the refineries from May 1 through 5, 2017, as well as from a review of the refineries’ records. The alleged violations included the failure to comply with applicable continuous emissions monitoring system (CEMS) requirements and exceedances of the hydrogen sulfide (H2S) emission limits. During a follow-up conference call with ODEQ, on January 6, 2021, ODEQ shared its stipulated penalty amounts for alleged violations pursuant to the two Consent Decrees. HFTR submitted timely responses to the ODEQ demand letters on February 8, 2021. Based on HFTR’s responses, during a follow-up conference call on April 9, 2021, ODEQ confirmed both ODEQ and EPA had reduced the stipulated penalties for the alleged violations of the two Consent Decrees and was seeking total stipulated penalties of $93,500. On April 9, 2021, HFTR confirmed acceptance of the above-referenced penalties. This matter will be resolved once HFTR pays the penalty following its receipt of the revised demand letter from ODEQ.

Woods Cross
HollyFrontier Woods Cross Refining LLC (“HFWCR”) operates under a federal consent decree with the EPA and the Utah Department of Environmental Quality. On November 3, 2020, HFWCR received a letter from the EPA identifying potential violations of HFWCR’s federal consent decree that occurred from calendar year 2015 through the date of the letter. HFWCR provided a response letter to the EPA on December 3, 2020 disputing certain of the potential violations in the EPA's November 3, 2020 letter, and HFWCR supplemented its response letter on February 5, 2021, March 5, 2021 March 31, 2021 and April 16, 2021, with additional information. It is too soon to predict the outcome of this matter.

Renewable Fuel Standard

Various subsidiaries of HollyFrontier are currently intervenors in three lawsuits brought by renewable fuel interest groups against the EPA in federal courts alleging violations of the Renewable Fuel Standard under the Clean Air Act and challenging the EPA’s handling of small refinery exemptions. We intervened to vigorously defend the EPA’s position on small refinery exemptions because we believe the EPA correctly applied applicable law to the matters at issue.

On January 24, 2020, in the first of these lawsuits, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit vacated the small refinery exemptions granted to two of our refineries for 2016 and remanded the case to the EPA for further proceedings. On April 15, 2020, the Tenth Circuit entered its mandate, remanding the matter back to the EPA. On September 4, 2020, various subsidiaries of HollyFrontier filed a Petition for a Writ of Certiorari with the U.S. Supreme Court appealing the Tenth Circuit decision. On January 8, 2021, the U.S. Supreme Court granted HollyFrontier’s petition. The oral argument occurred on April 27, 2021. We anticipate decision from the Supreme Court in June 2021. We expect that we will not know what steps the EPA will take with respect to our 2016 small refinery exemptions or how the case will impact future small refinery exemptions until after the Supreme Court’s decision in this matter.
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The second lawsuit is before the Tenth Circuit. The matter is fully briefed and remains pending before that court.

The third lawsuit is before the DC Circuit. Briefing of the issues before the court commenced on December 7, 2020; however, in light of the Supreme Court’s decision to hear HollyFrontier’s appeal of the Tenth Circuit decision, this case was stayed pending a decision from the Supreme Court.

In December 2020, various subsidiaries of HollyFrontier also filed a petition for review in the DC Circuit challenging EPA’s denial of small refinery exemption petitions for years prior to 2016. The petition was consolidated with petitions from eight other refining companies challenging the same decision. In light of the Supreme Court’s decision to hear HollyFrontier’s appeal of the Tenth Circuit decision, this case was stayed pending a decision from the Supreme Court.

Other

We are a party to various other litigation and proceedings that we believe, based on advice of counsel, will not either individually or in the aggregate have a materially adverse impact on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.


Item 1A.Risk Factors

Except for the additional risk factors below, there have been no material changes in our risk factors as previously disclosed in Part 1, “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020. You should carefully consider the risk factors discussed below and in our 2020 Form 10-K, which could materially affect our business, financial condition or future results. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial also may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition or future results.

Our pending Puget Sound Refinery acquisition may not be consummated. Failure to complete the acquisition within the expected timeframe or at all could adversely affect our stock price and our future business and financial results.

The Puget Sound Refinery acquisition (the “Acquisition”) is subject to regulatory clearance and other customary closing conditions. If these conditions are not satisfied or waived, the acquisition will not be consummated. If the closing of the Acquisition is substantially delayed or does not occur at all, or if the terms of the Acquisition are required to be modified substantially due to regulatory concerns, we may not realize the anticipated benefits of the Acquisition fully or at all. Certain of the conditions remaining to be satisfied include the absence of a law or order prohibiting the transactions contemplated by the related sale and purchase agreement and the expiration or termination of the applicable waiting periods under the Hart-Scott Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended, with respect to the Acquisition. We will also incur substantial transaction costs whether or not the Acquisition is completed. Any failure to complete the Acquisition could have a material adverse effect on our stock price and our future business and financial results.

The anticipated benefits of our pending Puget Sound Refinery acquisition may not be realized fully or at all or may take longer to realize than expected.

The Acquisition will require management to devote significant attention and resources to integrating the Puget Sound Refinery business with our business. Delays in this process could adversely affect our business, financial results, financial condition and stock price. Even if we are able to integrate our business operations successfully, there can be no assurance that this integration will result in the realization of the full benefits of synergies, cost savings, innovation and operational efficiencies that we currently expect from this integration or that these benefits will be achieved within the anticipated time frame.


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Item 2.Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

(c) Common Stock Repurchases Made in the Quarter

Under our common stock repurchase programs, repurchases are being made from time to time in the open market or privately negotiated transactions based on market conditions, securities law limitations and other factors. The following table includes repurchases made under these programs during the first quarter of 2021.
PeriodTotal Number of
Shares Purchased
Average Price
Paid per Share
Total Number of
Shares Purchased
as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs
Maximum Dollar
Value of Shares
that May Yet Be
Purchased Under the Plans or Programs
January 2021— $— — $1,000,000,000 
February 2021— $— — $1,000,000,000 
March 2021— $— — $1,000,000,000 
Total for January to March 2021— — 


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Item 6.Exhibits

Exhibit Number  Description
2.1+
3.1
3.2
10.1


10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5
10.6
10.7
10.8
10.9*


10.10+
31.1*
31.2*
32.1**
32.2**

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Exhibit NumberDescription
101++The following financial information from HollyFrontier Corporation’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2021, formatted as inline XBRL (Inline Extensible Business Reporting Language): (i) Consolidated Balance Sheets, (ii) Consolidated Statements of Operations, (iii) Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income, (iv) Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, and (v) Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements. The instance document does not appear in the interactive data file because its XBRL tags are embedded within the inline XBRL document.
104++Cover page Interactive Data File (formatted as inline XBRL and contained in exhibit 101).

* Filed herewith.
** Furnished herewith.
+ Schedules and exhibits have been omitted pursuant to Item 601(a)(5) of Regulation S-K. The registrant agrees to furnish supplementally a copy of the omitted schedules and exhibits to the SEC upon request.
++Filed electronically herewith.

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
HOLLYFRONTIER CORPORATION
(Registrant)
Date: May 5, 2021/s/ Richard L. Voliva III
Richard L.Voliva III
Executive Vice President and
Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer)
Date: May 5, 2021/s/ Indira Agarwal
Indira Agarwal
Vice President, Controller and
Chief Accounting Officer
(Principal Accounting Officer)
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