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HNI HNI

Filed: 4 May 21, 8:33am

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period endedApril 3, 2021
 
OR
  
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
  
Commission File Number:1-14225
  
HNI Corporation
Iowa42-0617510
(State of Incorporation)(I.R.S. Employer No.)
600 East Second Street
P.O. Box 1109
Muscatine,Iowa52761-0071
(563)272-7400
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common StockHNINew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.       
Yes
                            No     
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  
Yes
                            No     
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Smaller reporting companyNon-accelerated filer
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.   
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes
No     
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practical date.
Common Stock, $1 Par ValueOutstanding as ofApril 3, 202143,552,458



  
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PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

HNI Corporation and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
April 3,
2021
March 28,
2020
 
Net sales$484,293 $468,704 
Cost of sales304,347 292,686 
Gross profit179,946 176,018 
Selling and administrative expenses157,346 167,085 
Impairment charges32,661 
Operating income (loss)22,600 (23,728)
Interest expense, net1,755 1,811 
Income (loss) before income taxes20,845 (25,539)
Income taxes5,827 (1,643)
Net income (loss)15,018 (23,896)
Less: Net loss attributable to non-controlling interest(1)(1)
Net income (loss) attributable to HNI Corporation$15,019 $(23,895)
Average number of common shares outstanding – basic43,163 42,628 
Net income (loss) attributable to HNI Corporation per common share – basic$0.35 $(0.56)
Average number of common shares outstanding – diluted43,584 42,628 
Net income (loss) attributable to HNI Corporation per common share – diluted$0.34 $(0.56)
Foreign currency translation adjustments$(132)$(600)
Change in unrealized gains (losses) on marketable securities, net of tax(100)59 
Change in derivative financial instruments, net of tax263 (2,216)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax31 (2,757)
Comprehensive income (loss)15,049 (26,653)
Less: Comprehensive loss attributable to non-controlling interest(1)(1)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to HNI Corporation$15,050 $(26,652)
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited).

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HNI Corporation and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
April 3,
2021
January 2,
2021
Assets
Current Assets:  
Cash and cash equivalents$94,281 $116,120 
Short-term investments1,776 1,687 
Receivables198,039 207,971 
Allowance for doubtful accounts(4,904)(5,514)
Inventories154,176 137,811 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets42,204 37,660 
Total Current Assets485,572 495,735 
Property, Plant, and Equipment: 
Land and land improvements29,989 29,691 
Buildings294,760 293,708 
Machinery and equipment580,398 578,643 
Construction in progress20,460 17,750 
 925,607 919,792 
Less accumulated depreciation562,717 553,835 
Net Property, Plant, and Equipment362,890 365,957 
Right-of-use Finance Leases10,119 6,095 
Right-of-use Operating Leases66,897 70,219 
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets455,486 458,896 
Other Assets24,617 21,130 
Total Assets$1,405,581 $1,418,032 
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited).
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HNI Corporation and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except par value)
(Unaudited)
 April 3,
2021
January 2,
2021
Liabilities and Equity
Current Liabilities:  
Accounts payable and accrued expenses$367,072 $413,638 
Current maturities of long-term debt1,261 841 
Current maturities of other long-term obligations3,731 2,990 
Current lease obligations - finance2,398 1,589 
Current lease obligations - operating20,195 19,970 
Total Current Liabilities394,657 439,028 
Long-Term Debt174,545 174,524 
Long-Term Lease Obligations - Finance7,677 4,516 
Long-Term Lease Obligations - Operating50,222 53,249 
Other Long-Term Liabilities84,895 81,264 
Deferred Income Taxes75,824 74,706 
Equity:  
HNI Corporation shareholders' equity:  
 Capital Stock:  
     Preferred stock - $1 par value, authorized 2,000 shares, 0 shares outstanding
     Common stock - $1 par value, authorized 200,000 shares, outstanding:
April 3, 2021 – 43,552 shares; January 2, 2021 – 42,919 shares43,552 42,919 
Additional paid-in capital63,447 38,659 
Retained earnings519,559 517,994 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)(9,122)(9,153)
Total HNI Corporation shareholders' equity617,436 590,419 
Non-controlling interest325 326 
Total Equity617,761 590,745 
Total Liabilities and Equity$1,405,581 $1,418,032 
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited).
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HNI Corporation and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended - April 3, 2021
Common StockAdditional Paid-in CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Non-controlling InterestTotal Shareholders’ Equity
Balance, January 2, 2021$42,919 $38,659 $517,994 $(9,153)$326 $590,745 
Comprehensive income:
Net income (loss)— — 15,019 — (1)15,018 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax— — — 31 — 31 
Dividends payable— — (281)— — (281)
Cash dividends; $0.305 per share— — (13,173)— — (13,173)
Common shares – treasury:
Shares issued under Members' Stock Purchase Plan and stock awards, net of tax633 24,788 — — — 25,421 
Balance, April 3, 2021$43,552 $63,447 $519,559 $(9,122)$325 $617,761 

Three Months Ended - March 28, 2020
Common StockAdditional Paid-in CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Non-controlling InterestTotal Shareholders’ Equity
Balance, December 28, 2019$42,595 $19,799 $529,723 $(8,073)$324 $584,368 
Comprehensive income:
Net income (loss)— — (23,895)— (1)(23,896)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax— — — (2,757)— (2,757)
Impact of new accounting standard related to credit losses— — (131)— — (131)
Dividends payable— — (46)— — (46)
Cash dividends; $0.305 per share— — (13,033)— — (13,033)
Common shares – treasury:
Shares purchased(187)(4,365)(1,189)— — (5,741)
Shares issued under Members' Stock Purchase Plan and stock awards, net of tax239 12,652 — — — 12,891 
Balance, March 28, 2020$42,647 $28,086 $491,429 $(10,830)$323 $551,655 
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited).

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HNI Corporation and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
 April 3,
2021
March 28,
2020
Net Cash Flows From (To) Operating Activities:  
Net income (loss)$15,018 $(23,896)
Non-cash items included in net income:
Depreciation and amortization20,463 19,487 
Other post-retirement and post-employment benefits332 364 
Stock-based compensation5,220 4,358 
Reduction in carrying amount of right-of-use assets6,537 5,599 
Deferred income taxes1,076 12,258 
Impairment of goodwill and intangible assets32,661 
Other – net1,315 (2,252)
Net increase (decrease) in operating assets and liabilities(51,436)(81,573)
Increase (decrease) in other liabilities3,159 (312)
Net cash flows from (to) operating activities1,684 (33,306)
Net Cash Flows From (To) Investing Activities:  
Capital expenditures(16,197)(8,488)
Proceeds from sale of property, plant, and equipment48 49 
Capitalized software(2,767)(4,671)
Acquisition spending, net of cash acquired(1,408)(9,321)
Purchase of investments(598)(1,456)
Sales or maturities of investments515 996 
Net cash flows from (to) investing activities(20,407)(22,891)
Net Cash Flows From (To) Financing Activities:  
Payments of long-term debt(118)(15,000)
Proceeds from long-term debt547 70,129 
Dividends paid(13,234)(13,033)
Purchase of HNI Corporation common stock(5,839)
Proceeds from sales of HNI Corporation common stock13,030 722 
Other – net(3,341)2,558 
Net cash flows from (to) financing activities(3,116)39,537 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents(21,839)(16,660)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period116,120 52,073 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$94,281 $35,413 
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited).

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HNI Corporation and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
April 3, 2021

Note 1.  Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited, condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X.  Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements.  The January 2, 2021, consolidated balance sheet included in this Form 10-Q was derived from audited financial statements but does not include all disclosures required by generally accepted accounting principles.  In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair statement have been included. Operating results for the three-month period ended April 3, 2021, are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the fiscal year ending January 1, 2022.  For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in HNI Corporation's (the "Corporation") Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 2, 2021. Certain reclassifications have been made within the interim financial information to conform to the current presentation.

Note 2. Revenue from Contracts with Customers

Disaggregation of Revenue
Revenue from contracts with customers disaggregated by product category is as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
April 3,
2021
March 28,
2020
Systems and storage$182,859 $204,021 
Seating101,650 115,872 
Other18,239 18,493 
Total workplace furnishings302,748 338,386 
Residential building products181,545 130,318 
Net sales$484,293 $468,704 

Sales by product category are subject to similar economic factors and market conditions. See “Note 15. Reportable Segment Information” in the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for further information about operating segments.

Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities
In addition to trade receivables, the Corporation has contract assets consisting of funds paid to certain workplace furnishings dealers in exchange for their multi-year commitment to market and sell the Corporation’s products. These contract assets are amortized over the term of the contracts and recognized as a reduction of revenue. For contracts with a duration of less than one year, the Corporation has elected the practical expedient to recognize incremental costs to obtain a contract as an expense when incurred. The Corporation has contract liabilities consisting of customer deposits and rebate and marketing program liabilities.











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Contract assets and contract liabilities were as follows (in thousands):
April 3,
2021
January 2,
2021
Trade receivables (1)$198,039 $207,971 
Contract assets (current) (2)$761 $761 
Contract assets (long-term) (3)$2,174 $2,486 
Contract liabilities (4)$47,022 $53,070 

The index below indicates the line item in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets where contract assets and contract liabilities are reported:

(1)     "Receivables"
(2)     "Prepaid expenses and other current assets"
(3)     "Other Assets"
(4)     "Accounts payable and accrued expenses"

Changes in contract asset and contract liability balances during the three months ended April 3, 2021, were as follows (in thousands):
Contract assets increase (decrease)Contract liabilities (increase) decrease
Reclassification of contract assets to contra-revenue$(312)$— 
Contract liabilities recognized and recorded to contra-revenue as a result of performance obligations satisfied— (47,347)
Contract liabilities paid— 54,735 
Cash received in advance and not recognized as revenue— (51,014)
Reclassification of cash received in advance to revenue as a result of performance obligations satisfied— 49,674 
Net change$(312)$6,048 

Changes in contract asset and contract liability balances during the three months ended March 28, 2020 were as follows (in thousands):
Contract assets increase (decrease)Contract liabilities (increase) decrease
Reclassification of contract assets to contra-revenue$(164)$— 
Contract liabilities recognized and recorded to contra-revenue as a result of performance obligations satisfied— (24,610)
Contract liabilities paid— 39,064 
Cash received in advance and not recognized as revenue— (19,220)
Reclassification of cash received in advance to revenue as a result of performance obligations satisfied— 21,710 
Net change$(164)$16,944 

Contract liabilities for customer deposits paid to the Corporation prior to the satisfaction of performance obligations are recognized as revenue upon completion of the performance obligations. The amount of revenue recognized during the three months ended April 3, 2021, that was included in the January 2, 2021, contract liabilities balance was $21.1 million.

Performance Obligations
The Corporation recognizes revenue for sales of workplace furnishings and residential building products at a point in time following the transfer of control of such products to the customer, which typically occurs upon shipment of the product. In
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certain circumstances, transfer of control to the customer does not occur until the goods are received by the customer or upon installation and/or customer acceptance, depending on the terms of the underlying contracts. Contracts typically have a duration of less than one year and normally do not include a significant financing component. Generally, payment is due within 30 days of invoicing.

The Corporation's backlog orders are typically cancellable for a period of time and almost all contracts have an original duration of one year or less. As a result, the Corporation has elected the practical expedient permitted in the revenue accounting standard not to disclose the unsatisfied performance obligation as of period end. The backlog is typically fulfilled within a few months.

Significant Judgments
The amount of consideration the Corporation receives and revenue recognized varies with changes in rebate and marketing program incentives, as well as early pay discounts, offered to customers. The Corporation uses significant judgment throughout the year in estimating the reduction in net sales driven by variable consideration for rebate and marketing programs. Judgments made include expected sales levels and utilization of funds. However, this judgment factor is significantly reduced at the end of each year when sales volumes and the impact to rebate and marketing programs are known and recorded as the programs typically end near the Corporation's fiscal year end.

Note 3. Acquisitions

During the three months ended April 3, 2021, the Corporation acquired the assets of a residential building products distributor in an all-cash deal. The aggregate purchase price was approximately $1.6 million, and the preliminary allocation includes $1.3 million of tax deductible goodwill. The Corporation will finalize the allocation of the purchase price during 2021 based on the final purchase price and any adjustments required over the remaining measurement period.

On December 31, 2020, the Corporation acquired Design Public Group ("DPG"), a leading e-Commerce distributor of high-design furniture and accessories for the office and home. This transaction, which was structured as an asset acquisition and consummated entirely in cash of approximately $50 million, aligns with the Corporation's long-term strategies related to digital and e-Commerce initiatives. Due to the timing of the transaction, DPG had no net sales or expenses included in the Corporation's Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income for fiscal 2020. DPG's preliminary assets and liabilities are included in the Corporation's workplace furnishings segment, and preliminary goodwill, which is expected to be tax-deductible, is assigned to its own reporting unit.

The provisional DPG purchase price allocation and estimated amortization periods of identified intangible assets as of the date of acquisition is as follows (dollars in thousands):
Fair ValueWeighted Average Amortization Period
Inventories$1,058 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets381 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses(8,299)
Goodwill39,800 
Customer lists9,700 6 years
Software3,800 4 years
Trade names3,400 10 years
Other intangible assets200 3 years
Total net assets$50,040 

The provisional purchase accounting remains open with respect to the valuation of intangible assets and goodwill. The valuation analysis requires the use of complex management estimates and assumptions such as future cash flows, discount rates, royalty rates, long-term growth rates, and technology build costs. At this time, intangible assets and goodwill are recorded based on preliminary assumptions, and the Corporation has not obtained all of the information necessary to finalize the determination of fair values of intangible assets. The portions of the allocation that are provisional may be adjusted to reflect the finally determined amounts, and those adjustments may be material. The Corporation expects to finalize the purchase price allocation later in 2021.

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All transactions disclosed above were deemed to be acquisitions of businesses, and were accounted for using the acquisition method pursuant to ASC 805, with goodwill being recorded as a result of future cash flows and related fair value exceeding the fair value of the identified assets and liabilities.

Note 4.  Inventories

The Corporation values its inventory at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Inventories included in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets consisted of the following (in thousands):
April 3,
2021
January 2,
2021
Finished products$113,531 $98,527 
Materials and work in process71,625 70,264 
Last-in, first-out ("LIFO") allowance(30,980)(30,980)
Total inventories$154,176 $137,811 
Inventory valued by the LIFO costing method77 %75 %

Note 5. Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

Goodwill and other intangible assets included in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets consisted of the following (in thousands):
April 3,
2021
January 2,
2021
Goodwill$293,684 $292,434 
Definite-lived intangible assets135,237 139,863 
Indefinite-lived intangible assets26,565 26,599 
Total goodwill and other intangible assets$455,486 $458,896 

Goodwill
The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill, by reporting segment, are as follows (in thousands):
Workplace FurnishingsResidential Building ProductsTotal
Balance as of January 2, 2021   
Goodwill$168,477 $196,976 $365,453 
Accumulated impairment losses(72,876)(143)(73,019)
Net goodwill balance as of January 2, 202195,601 196,833 292,434 
Goodwill acquired1,250 1,250 
Balance as of April 3, 2021  
Goodwill168,477 198,226 366,703 
Accumulated impairment losses(72,876)(143)(73,019)
Net goodwill balance as of April 3, 2021$95,601 $198,083 $293,684 

See "Note 3. Acquisitions" for additional information regarding goodwill acquired in the year-to-date period.




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Definite-lived intangible assets
The table below summarizes amortizable definite-lived intangible assets, which are reflected in "Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets" in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (in thousands):
April 3, 2021January 2, 2021
GrossAccumulated AmortizationNetGrossAccumulated AmortizationNet
Software$184,752 $84,205 $100,547 $182,127 $78,619 $103,508 
Trademarks and trade names9,964 3,764 6,200 9,964 3,546 6,418 
Customer lists and other90,910 62,420 28,490 91,002 61,065 29,937 
Net definite-lived intangible assets$285,626 $150,389 $135,237 $283,093 $143,230 $139,863 

Amortization expense is reflected in "Selling and administrative expenses" in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income and was as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
April 3,
2021
March 28,
2020
Capitalized software$5,348 $4,550 
Other definite-lived intangibles$1,899 $1,523 

The occurrence of events such as acquisitions, dispositions, or impairments may impact future amortization expense. Based on the current amount of intangible assets subject to amortization, the estimated amortization expense for each of the following five years is as follows (in millions):
20212022202320242025
Amortization expense$28.7 $25.1 $21.0 $18.0 $16.3 

Indefinite-lived intangible assets
The Corporation also owns certain intangible assets, which are deemed to have indefinite useful lives because they are expected to generate cash flows indefinitely. These indefinite-lived intangible assets are reflected in "Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets" in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (in thousands):
April 3,
2021
January 2,
2021
Trademarks and trade names$26,565 $26,599 

The immaterial change in the indefinite-lived intangible assets balances shown above is related to foreign currency translation impacts.

Impairment Analysis
The Corporation evaluates its goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment on an annual basis during the fourth quarter, or whenever indicators of impairment exist. The Corporation also evaluates long-lived assets (which include definite-lived intangible assets) for impairment if indicators exist.

Note 6.  Product Warranties

The Corporation issues certain warranty policies on its workplace furnishings and residential building products that provide for repair or replacement of any covered product or component that fails during normal use because of a defect in design, materials, or workmanship. Allowances have been established for the anticipated future costs associated with the Corporation's warranty programs.

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A warranty allowance is determined by recording a specific allowance for known warranty issues and an additional allowance for unknown claims expected to be incurred based on historical claims experience.  Actual costs incurred could differ from the original estimates, requiring adjustments to the allowance.  Activity associated with warranty obligations was as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
April 3,
2021
March 28,
2020
Balance at beginning of period$16,109 $15,865 
Accruals for warranties issued during period2,370 3,224 
Adjustments related to pre-existing warranties514 
Settlements made during the period(2,192)(3,382)
Balance at end of period$16,287 $16,221 

The current and long-term portions of the allowance for estimated settlements are included within "Accounts payable and accrued expenses" and "Other Long-Term Liabilities", respectively, in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The following table summarizes when these estimated settlements are expected to be paid (in thousands):
April 3,
2021
January 2,
2021
Current - in the next twelve months$5,942 $5,918 
Long-term - beyond one year10,345 10,191 
Total$16,287 $16,109 

Note 7.  Long-Term Debt

Long-term debt is as follows (in thousands):
April 3,
2021
January 2,
2021
Revolving credit facility with interest at a variable rate
(April 3, 2021 - 1.1%; January 2, 2021 - 1.2%)
$75,000 $75,000 
Fixed rate notes due in 2025 with an interest rate of 4.22%50,000 50,000 
Fixed rate notes due in 2028 with an interest rate of 4.40%50,000 50,000 
Other amounts1,261 841 
Deferred debt issuance costs(455)(476)
Total debt175,806 175,365 
Less: Current maturities of long-term debt1,261 841 
Long-term debt$174,545 $174,524 

The carrying value of the Corporation's outstanding variable-rate, long-term debt obligations at April 3, 2021, was $75 million, which approximated fair value. The fair value of the fixed rate notes was estimated based on a discounted cash flow method (Level 2) to be $116 million at April 3, 2021.

As of April 3, 2021, the Corporation’s revolving credit facility borrowings were under the credit agreement entered into on April 20, 2018, with a scheduled maturity of April 20, 2023. The Corporation deferred the debt issuance costs related to the credit agreement, which are classified as assets, and is amortizing them over the term of the credit agreement. The current portion of debt issuance costs of $0.4 million is the amount to be amortized over the next twelve months based on the current credit agreement and is reflected in "Prepaid expenses and other current assets" in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The long-term portion of debt issuance costs of $0.4 million is reflected in "Other Assets" in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

As of April 3, 2021, there was $75 million outstanding under the $450 million revolving credit facility. The entire amount drawn under the revolving credit facility is considered long-term as the Corporation assumes no obligation to repay any of the
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amounts borrowed in the next twelve months. Based on current earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, the Corporation can access the full remaining $375 million of borrowing capacity available under the revolving credit facility and maintain compliance with applicable covenants.

In addition to cash flows from operations, the revolving credit facility under the credit agreement is the primary source of daily operating capital for the Corporation and provides additional financial capacity for capital expenditures, repurchases of common stock, and strategic initiatives, such as acquisitions.

In addition to the revolving credit facility, the Corporation also has $100 million of borrowings outstanding under private placement note agreements entered into on May 31, 2018. Under the agreements, the Corporation issued $50 million of seven-year fixed rate notes with an interest rate of 4.22 percent, due May 31, 2025, and $50 million of ten-year fixed rate notes with an interest rate of 4.40 percent, due May 31, 2028. The Corporation deferred the debt issuance costs related to the private placement note agreements, which are classified as a reduction of long-term debt, and is amortizing them over the terms of the private placement note agreements. The deferred debt issuance costs do not reduce the amount owed by the Corporation under the terms of the private placement note agreements. As of April 3, 2021, the debt issuance costs balance of $0.5 million related to the private placement note agreements is reflected in "Long-Term Debt" in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

The credit agreement and private placement notes both contain financial and non-financial covenants. The covenants under both are substantially the same. Non-compliance with covenants under the agreements could prevent the Corporation from being able to access further borrowings, require immediate repayment of all amounts outstanding, and/or increase the cost of borrowing.

Covenants require maintenance of financial ratios as of the end of any fiscal quarter, including:

a consolidated interest coverage ratio (as defined in the credit agreement) of not less than 4.0 to 1.0, based upon the ratio of (a) consolidated EBITDA for the last four fiscal quarters to (b) the sum of consolidated interest charges; and
a consolidated leverage ratio (as defined in the credit agreement) of not greater than 3.5 to 1.0, based upon the ratio of (a) the quarter-end consolidated funded indebtedness to (b) consolidated EBITDA for the last four fiscal quarters.

The most restrictive of the financial covenants is the consolidated leverage ratio requirement of 3.5 to 1.0.  Under the credit agreement, consolidated EBITDA is defined as consolidated net income before interest expense, income taxes, and depreciation and amortization of intangibles, as well as non-cash items that increase or decrease net income.  As of April 3, 2021, the Corporation was below the maximum allowable ratio and was in compliance with all of the covenants and other restrictions in the credit agreement.  The Corporation expects to remain in compliance with all of the covenants and other restrictions in the credit agreement over the next twelve months.

Note 8.  Income Taxes

The Corporation's tax provision for interim periods is determined using an estimate of its annual effective tax rate, adjusted for discrete items. The following table summarizes the Corporation's income tax provision (dollars in thousands):
Three Months Ended
April 3,
2021
March 28,
2020
Income (loss) before income taxes$20,845 $(25,539)
Income taxes$5,827 $(1,643)
Effective tax rate28.0 %6.4 %

The Corporation's effective tax rate was higher in the three months ended April 3, 2021, compared to the same period last year. The variance is due to higher financial performance in the current year period and an improved full year 2021 income outlook, relative to the prior year quarter performance and full year outlook which were adversely impacted by the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic and resulting significant economic disruption. This resulted in a greater rate benefit from tax credits in the first quarter of 2020.

Note 9.  Fair Value Measurements of Financial Instruments

For recognition purposes, on a recurring basis, the Corporation is required to measure at fair value its marketable securities, derivative financial instruments, and deferred stock-based compensation.  The marketable securities are comprised of money
14



market funds, government securities, and corporate bonds. When available, the Corporation uses quoted market prices to determine fair value and classifies such measurements within Level 1.  Where market prices are not available, the Corporation makes use of observable market-based inputs (prices or quotes from published exchanges and indexes) to calculate fair value using the market approach, in which case the measurements are classified within Level 2.

Financial instruments measured at fair value were as follows (in thousands):
Fair value as of measurement dateQuoted prices in active markets for identical assets
(Level 1)
Significant other observable inputs
(Level 2)
Significant unobservable inputs
(Level 3)
Balance as of April 3, 2021
Cash and cash equivalents (including money market funds) (1)$94,281 $94,281 $$
Government securities (2)$6,315 $$6,315 $
Corporate bonds (2)$7,227 $$7,227 $
Derivative financial instruments - liability (3)$1,953 $$1,953 $
Deferred stock-based compensation (4)$7,607 $$7,607 $
Balance as of January 2, 2021
Cash and cash equivalents (including money market funds) (1)$116,120 $116,120 $$
Government securities (2)$6,371 $$6,371 $
Corporate bonds (2)$7,228 $$7,228 $
Derivative financial instruments - liability (3)$2,328 $$2,328 $
Deferred stock-based compensation (4)$7,207 $$7,207 $

The index below indicates the line item in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets where the financial instruments are reported:

(1) "Cash and cash equivalents"
(2) Current portion - "Short-term investments"; Long-term portion - "Other Assets"
(3) Current portion - "Accounts payable and accrued expenses"; Long-term portion - "Other Long-Term Liabilities"
(4) Current portion - "Current maturities of other long-term obligations"; Long-term portion - "Other Long-Term Liabilities"

Note 10.  Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) and Shareholders' Equity

The following tables summarize the components of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and the changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax, as applicable (in thousands):
Foreign Currency Translation AdjustmentUnrealized Gains (Losses) on Debt SecuritiesPension and Post-retirement LiabilitiesDerivative Financial InstrumentsAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Balance as of January 2, 2021$(1,071)$360 $(6,682)$(1,760)$(9,153)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications(132)(127)130 (129)
Tax (expense) or benefit27 (31)(4)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax164 164 
Balance as of April 3, 2021$(1,203)$260 $(6,682)$(1,497)$(9,122)
Amounts in parentheses indicate reductions to equity.
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Foreign Currency Translation AdjustmentUnrealized Gains (Losses) on Debt SecuritiesPension and Post-retirement LiabilitiesDerivative Financial InstrumentsAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Balance as of December 28, 2019$(2,912)$95 $(5,762)$506 $(8,073)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications(600)75 (2,756)(3,281)
Tax (expense) or benefit(16)648 632 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax(108)(108)
Balance as of March 28, 2020$(3,512)$154 $(5,762)$(1,710)$(10,830)
Amounts in parentheses indicate reductions to equity.

Interest Rate Swap
In 2019, concurrent with the termination of a previous interest rate swap, the Corporation entered into a new interest rate swap transaction to hedge $75 million of outstanding variable rate revolver borrowings against future interest rate volatility.  Under the terms of this interest rate swap, the Corporation pays a fixed rate of 1.42 percent and receives one month LIBOR on a $75 million notional value expiring April 2023.  As of April 3, 2021, the fair value of the Corporation's interest rate swap liability was $2.0 million. The unrecognized change in value of the interest rate swap is reported net of tax as $(1.5) million in "Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)" in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

The following table details the reclassifications from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
Details about Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) ComponentsAffected Line Item in the Statement Where Net Income is PresentedApril 3,
2021
March 28,
2020
Derivative financial instruments
Interest rate swapInterest expense, net$(214)$114 
Income taxes50 (6)
Net of tax$(164)$108 
Amounts in parentheses indicate reductions to profit.

Dividend
The Corporation declared and paid cash dividends per common share as follows (in dollars):
Three Months Ended
April 3,
2021
March 28,
2020
Dividends per common share$0.305 $0.305 

Stock Repurchase
The following table summarizes shares repurchased and settled by the Corporation (in thousands, except share and per share data):
Three Months Ended
April 3,
2021
March 28,
2020
Shares repurchased186,700 
Average price per share$$30.75 
Cash purchase price$$(5,741)
Purchases unsettled as of quarter end276 
Prior year purchases settled in current year(374)
Shares repurchased per cash flow$$(5,839)
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As of April 3, 2021, approximately $158.3 million of the Corporation's Board of Directors' ("Board") current repurchase authorization remained unspent.

Note 11.  Earnings Per Share

The following table reconciles the numerators and denominators used in the calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share ("EPS") (in thousands, except per share data):
 Three Months Ended
April 3,
2021
March 28,
2020
Numerator:  
Numerator for both basic and diluted EPS attributable to HNI Corporation net income (loss)$15,019 $(23,895)
Denominators:  
Denominator for basic EPS weighted-average common shares outstanding43,163 42,628 
Potentially dilutive shares from stock-based compensation plans421 
Denominator for diluted EPS43,584 42,628 
Earnings per share – basic$0.35 $(0.56)
Earnings per share – diluted$0.34 $(0.56)

The weighted-average common stock equivalents presented above do not include the effect of the common stock equivalents in the table below because their inclusion would be anti-dilutive (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
April 3,
2021
March 28,
2020
Common stock equivalents excluded because their inclusion would be anti-dilutive2,112 2,841 

Note 12. Stock-Based Compensation

The Corporation measures stock-based compensation expense at grant date, based on the fair value of the award. Forms of awards issued under shareholder approved plans include stock options, restricted stock units based on a service condition ("restricted stock units"), restricted stock units based on both performance and service conditions ("performance stock units"), and shares issued under member stock purchase plans. Stock-based compensation expense related to stock options, restricted stock units, and performance stock units is recognized over the employees' requisite service periods, adjusted for an estimated forfeiture rate for those shares not expected to vest. Additionally, expense related to performance stock units is adjusted for the probability that the Corporation will perform within an established target range of cumulative profitability over a multi-year period.

The following table summarizes expense associated with these plans (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
April 3,
2021
March 28,
2020
Compensation cost$5,220 $4,358 

The units granted by the Corporation had fair values as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
April 3,
2021
March 28,
2020
Restricted stock units$15,707 $5,777 
Performance stock units$6,013 $5,777 

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The following table summarizes unrecognized compensation expense and the weighted-average remaining service period for non-vested stock options and stock units as of April 3, 2021:
Unrecognized Compensation Expense
(in thousands)
Weighted-Average Remaining
Service Period (years)
Non-vested stock options$1,037 0.9
Non-vested restricted stock units$10,334 1.3
Non-vested performance stock units$6,761 1.4

Note 13.  Recently Adopted Accounting Standards

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-12, Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes. This update simplifies various aspects related to accounting for income taxes, removes certain exceptions to the general principles in ASC 740, and clarifies and amends existing guidance to improve consistent application. The Corporation adopted ASC 740 in the first quarter of fiscal 2021, with no material effect on the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related footnote disclosures.

Note 14.  Guarantees, Commitments, and Contingencies

The Corporation utilizes letters of credit and surety bonds in the amount of approximately $24 million to back certain insurance policies and payment obligations.  Additionally, the Corporation periodically utilizes trade letters of credit and banker's acceptances to guarantee certain payments to overseas suppliers; as of April 3, 2021, there were 0 outstanding amounts related to these types of guarantees. The letters of credit, bonds, and banker's acceptances reflect fair value as a condition of their underlying purpose and are subject to competitively determined fees.

The Corporation has contingent liabilities which have arisen in the ordinary course of its business, including liabilities relating to pending litigation, environmental remediation, taxes, and other claims.  It is the Corporation's opinion, after consultation with legal counsel, that liabilities, if any, resulting from these matters are not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Corporation's financial condition, cash flows, or on the Corporation's quarterly or annual operating results when resolved in a future period.

Note 15.  Reportable Segment Information

Management views the Corporation as being in 2 reportable segments based on industries: workplace furnishings and residential building products, with the former being the principal segment.

The aggregated workplace furnishings segment manufactures and markets a broad line of commercial and home office furniture which includes panel-based and freestanding furniture systems, seating, storage, tables, and architectural products.  The residential building products segment manufactures and markets a full array of gas, wood, electric, and pellet fueled fireplaces, inserts, stoves, facings, and accessories.

For purposes of segment reporting, intercompany sales between segments are not material, and operating profit is income before income taxes exclusive of certain unallocated general corporate expenses.  These unallocated general corporate expenses include the net costs of the Corporation's corporate operations.  Management views interest income and expense as corporate financing costs and not as a reportable segment cost.  In addition, management applies an effective income tax rate to its consolidated income before income taxes so income taxes are not reported or viewed internally on a segment basis. Identifiable assets by segment are those assets applicable to the respective industry segments. Corporate assets consist principally of cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments, long-term investments, IT infrastructure, and corporate office real estate and related equipment.

No geographic information for revenues from external customers or for long-lived assets is disclosed since the Corporation's primary market and capital investments are concentrated in the United States.




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Reportable segment data reconciled to the Corporation's condensed consolidated financial statements was as follows (in thousands):
 Three Months Ended
April 3,
2021
March 28,
2020
Net Sales:
Workplace furnishings$302,748 $338,386 
Residential building products181,545 130,318 
Total$484,293 $468,704 
Income (Loss) Before Income Taxes:
Workplace furnishings$(3,071)$(33,231)
Residential building products39,849 20,671 
General corporate(14,178)(11,168)
Operating income22,600 (23,728)
Interest expense, net1,755 1,811 
Total$20,845 $(25,539)
Depreciation and Amortization Expense:
Workplace furnishings$11,984 $11,332 
Residential building products2,410 2,306 
General corporate6,069 5,849 
Total$20,463 $19,487 
Capital Expenditures (including capitalized software):
Workplace furnishings$10,487 $7,101 
Residential building products4,710 2,973 
General corporate3,767 3,085 
Total$18,964 $13,159 
As of
April 3,
2021
As of
January 2, 2021
Identifiable Assets:
Workplace furnishings$757,753 $762,780 
Residential building products390,520 381,550 
General corporate257,308 273,702 
Total$1,405,581 $1,418,032 












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Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion of the Corporation's historical results of operations and of its liquidity and capital resources should be read in conjunction with the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements of the Corporation and related notes. Statements that are not historical are forward-looking and involve risks and uncertainties. See "Forward-Looking Statements" at the end of this section for further information.

Overview

The Corporation has two reportable segments: workplace furnishings and residential building products. The Corporation is a leading global designer and provider of commercial furnishings, and a leading manufacturer and marketer of hearth products. The Corporation utilizes a decentralized business model to deliver value to customers via various brands and selling models. The Corporation is focused on growing its existing businesses while seeking out and developing new opportunities for growth.

Consolidated net sales for the first quarter of 2021 were $484.3 million, an increase of 3.3 percent compared to net sales of $468.7 million in the prior-year quarter.  The change was due to a 39.3 percent increase in the residential building products segment, partially offset by a 10.5 percent decrease in the workplace furnishings segment driven by conditions related to the COVID-19 pandemic. The acquisition of DPG in the fourth quarter of 2020 increased year-over-year sales by $6.4 million, and the acquisition of residential building products distributors in 2020 and 2021 increased year-over-year sales by $2.4 million.

Net income attributable to the Corporation in the first quarter of 2021 was $15.0 million compared to a net loss of $23.9 million in the first quarter of 2020. The increase was driven by higher residential building products volume, lower core selling and administrative expenses ("SG&A"), and improved net productivity, partially offset by lower workplace furnishings volume, unfavorable price-cost, and higher variable compensation. Additionally, the prior-year quarter included one-time costs of $5.0 million, and goodwill and intangible asset impairment charges of $32.7 million, as the result of the COVID-19 pandemic.


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Results of Operations

The following table presents certain key highlights from the results of operations (in thousands):    
 Three Months Ended
April 3,
2021
March 28,
2020
Change
Net sales$484,293 $468,704 3.3%
Cost of sales304,347 292,686 4.0%
Gross profit179,946 176,018 2.2%
Selling and administrative expenses157,346 167,085 (5.8)%
Impairment charges— 32,661 (100.0)%
Operating income (loss)22,600 (23,728)195.2%
Interest expense, net1,755 1,811 (3.1)%
Income (loss) before income taxes20,845 (25,539)181.6%
Income taxes5,827 (1,643)454.7%
Net loss attributable to non-controlling interest(1)(1)0.0%
Net income (loss) attributable to HNI Corporation$15,019 $(23,895)162.9%
As a Percentage of Net Sales:
Net sales100.0 %100.0 %
Gross profit37.2 37.6 -40  bps
Selling and administrative expenses32.5 35.6 -310  bps
Impairment charges— 7.0 -700  bps
Operating income (loss)4.7 (5.1)980  bps
Income taxes1.2 (0.4)160  bps
Net income (loss) attributable to HNI Corporation3.1 (5.1)820  bps

Net Sales

Consolidated net sales for the first quarter of 2021 increased 3.3 percent compared to the same quarter last year. The change was driven by an increase in the residential building products segment, partially offset by a decrease in the workplace furnishings segment driven by conditions related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Included in the sales results for the current quarter was an $8.8 million favorable impact from acquiring DPG and residential building products distributors.

Gross Profit

Gross profit as a percentage of net sales decreased 40 basis points in the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same quarter last year primarily driven by lower workplace furnishings volume and unfavorable price-cost, partially offset by higher residential building products volume and net productivity.

Selling and Administrative Expenses

Selling and administrative expenses as a percentage of net sales decreased 310 basis points in the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same quarter last year due to lower core SG&A, higher residential building products volume, and freight and distribution productivity, partially offset by lower workplace furnishings volume and higher variable compensation. Included in current year quarter SG&A was $0.7 million of one-time costs from exiting workplace furnishings showrooms. The prior-year quarter included $5.0 million of one-time costs incurred as the result of the COVID-19 pandemic (of which $1.6 million was recorded as a corporate charge).




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Impairment Charges

In the first quarter of 2020, the Corporation recorded $32.7 million of impairment charges on goodwill and intangible assets as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and related economic disruption. The Corporation did not record any impairment charges during the first quarter of 2021.

Operating Income (Loss)

In the first quarter of 2021, operating income was $22.6 million, compared to operating loss of $23.7 million in the same quarter last year. Results improved compared to the prior-year quarter driven by higher residential building products volume, lower core SG&A, and improved net productivity, partially offset by lower workplace furnishings volume, unfavorable price-cost, and higher variable compensation. Additionally, the prior-year quarter included one-time costs of $5.0 million, and goodwill and intangible asset impairment charges of $32.7 million, as the result of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Interest Expense, Net

Interest expense, net for the first quarter of 2021 was $1.8 million, which was consistent with the amount incurred in the prior year quarter.

Income Taxes

The Corporation's income tax provision for the first quarter of 2021 was $5.8 million on income before taxes of $20.8 million, or an effective tax rate of 28.0 percent. For the first quarter of 2020, the Corporation's income tax provision was a benefit of $1.6 million on loss before taxes of $25.5 million, or an effective tax rate of 6.4 percent. The increased rate was primarily due to the significantly lower financial performance in the prior year period and a reduced full year 2020 income outlook that was driven by the COVID-19 pandemic, resulting in a greater rate benefit from tax credits in the first quarter of 2020. Refer to "Note 8. Income Taxes" for further information.

Net Income (Loss) Attributable to HNI Corporation

Net income attributable to the Corporation was $15.0 million, or $0.34 per diluted share in the first quarter of 2021, compared to net loss attributable to the Corporation of $23.9 million or $0.56 per diluted share in the first quarter of 2020.

Workplace Furnishings

The following table presents certain key highlights from the results of operations in the workplace furnishings segment (in thousands):    
 Three Months Ended
April 3,
2021
March 28,
2020
Change
Net sales$302,748 $338,386 (10.5)%
Operating loss$(3,071)$(33,231)90.8 %
Operating loss %(1.0)%(9.8)%880  bps
First quarter 2021 net sales for the workplace furnishings segment decreased 10.5 percent compared to the same quarter last year, driven by conditions related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Included in the sales results was a $6.4 million favorable impact from acquiring DPG.

Operating loss as a percentage of net sales decreased 880 basis points in the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same quarter last year. The Workplace Furnishings segment recorded $0.7 million of one-time costs in the current year quarter from exiting showrooms. The prior-year quarter included $32.7 million of charges related to the impairment of goodwill and intangible assets, as well as $3.4 million of one-time costs incurred as the result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Aside from these charges, the workplace furnishings segment operating loss as a percentage of net sales increased 160 basis points compared to the prior-year quarter driven by lower volume and unfavorable price-cost, partially offset by net productivity, and lower core SG&A spend.

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Residential Building Products

The following table presents certain key highlights from the results of operations in the residential building products segment (in thousands):
 Three Months Ended
April 3,
2021
March 28,
2020
Change
Net sales$181,545 $130,318 39.3 %
Operating profit$39,849 $20,671 92.8 %
Operating profit %21.9 %15.9 %600  bps

First quarter 2021 net sales for the residential building products segment increased 39.3 percent compared to the same quarter last year. Included in the sales results was a $2.4 million favorable impact from acquiring residential building products distributors.

Operating profit as a percentage of net sales increased 600 basis points in the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same quarter last year. The increase was primarily driven by strong volume growth and SG&A leverage, partially offset by unfavorable price-cost and higher variable compensation.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments, coupled with cash flow from future operations, borrowing capacity under the existing credit agreement, and the ability to access capital markets, are expected to be adequate to fund operations and satisfy cash flow needs for at least the next twelve months. Additionally, based on current earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization generation, the Corporation can access the full $450 million of borrowing capacity available under the revolving credit facility, which includes the $75 million currently outstanding, and maintain compliance with applicable covenants.

Cash Flow – Operating Activities
Operating activities were a source of $1.7 million of cash in the first three months of 2021 compared to a use of $33.3 million of cash in the first three months of 2020. The increase in operating cash flows was driven by working capital timing.
Cash Flow – Investing Activities
Capital expenditures, including capitalized software, for the first three months of 2021 were $19.0 million compared to $13.2 million in the same period last year. These expenditures are primarily focused on machinery, equipment, and tooling required to support new products, continuous improvements, and cost savings initiatives in manufacturing processes.  Additionally, in support of the Corporation's long-term strategy to create effortless, winning experiences for customers, the Corporation continues to invest in technology and digital assets. For the full year 2021, capital expenditures are expected to be approximately $60 to $65 million.

Current year and prior year investing activities also include acquisition spending for residential building products distributors.

Cash Flow – Financing Activities
Long-Term Debt - The Corporation maintains a revolving credit facility as the primary source of committed funding from which the Corporation finances its planned capital expenditures, strategic initiatives, and seasonal working capital needs. Cash flows included in financing activities represent periodic borrowings and repayments under the revolving credit facility. See "Note 7. Long-Term Debt" in the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for further information.

Dividend - The Corporation is committed to maintaining or modestly growing the quarterly dividend. Cash dividends declared and paid per common share were as follows (in dollars):
Three Months Ended
April 3,
2021
March 28,
2020
Dividends per common share$0.305 $0.305 
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During the first quarter, the Board declared the regular quarterly cash dividend on February 26, 2021. The dividend was paid on March 8, 2021 to shareholders of record on March 1, 2021.

Stock Repurchase - The Corporation’s capital strategy related to stock repurchase is focused on offsetting the dilutive impact of issuances for various compensation related matters. The Corporation may elect to opportunistically purchase additional shares based on excess cash generation and/or share price considerations. The Board authorized $200 million on November 9, 2007 and an additional $200 million each on November 7, 2014 and February 13, 2019 for repurchases of the Corporation’s common stock. See "Note 10. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) and Shareholders' Equity" in the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for further information. The Corporation did not repurchase any of its shares during the first quarter of 2021.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

The Corporation does not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future material effect on the Corporation's financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures, or capital resources.

Contractual Obligations

Contractual obligations associated with ongoing business and financing activities will result in cash payments in future periods.  A table summarizing the amounts and estimated timing of these future cash payments was provided in the Corporation's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 2, 2021.  There were no material changes outside the ordinary course of business in the Corporation's contractual obligations or the estimated timing of the future cash payments during the first three months of 2021.

Commitments and Contingencies

See "Note 14. Guarantees, Commitments, and Contingencies" in the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for further information.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations is based upon the Consolidated Financial Statements, prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP"). The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities.  Management bases its estimates on historical experience and on a variety of other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Senior management has discussed the development, selection, and disclosure of these estimates with the Audit Committee of the Board.  Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.  A summary of the more significant accounting policies requiring the use of estimates and assumptions in preparing the financial statements is provided in the Corporation's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 2, 2021.

Looking Ahead

The Corporation continues to navigate near-term uncertainty driven by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. However, management believes the Corporation is well positioned to grow revenues, expand margins, and generate cash flows as it moves into the next stage of the recovery. Recent strength in residential building products is expected to continue, with improving conditions starting to be observed in workplace furnishings.

Management remains optimistic about the long-term prospects in the workplace furnishings and residential building products markets.  Management believes the Corporation continues to compete well and remains confident the investments made in the business will continue to generate strong returns for shareholders.

Forward-Looking Statements

Statements in this report to the extent they are not statements of historical or present fact, including statements as to plans, outlook, objectives, and future financial performance, are "forward-looking" statements, within the meaning of Section 21 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.  Words such as
24



"anticipate," "believe," "could," "confident," "estimate," "expect," "forecast," "hope," "intend," "likely," "may," "plan," "possible," "potential," "predict," "project," "should," "will," "would," and variations of such words and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties, which may cause the Corporation's actual results in the future to differ materially from expected results. The most significant factors known to the Corporation that may adversely affect the Corporation’s business, operations, industries, financial position, or future financial performance are described within Item 1A of the Corporation's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 2, 2021.  The Corporation cautions readers not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statement, which speaks only as of the date made, and to recognize forward-looking statements are predictions of future results, which may not occur as anticipated.  Actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements and from historical results due to the risks and uncertainties described elsewhere in this report, including but not limited to: the duration and scope of the COVID-19 pandemic and its effect on people and the economy; the levels of office furniture needs and housing starts; overall demand for the Corporation's products; general economic and market conditions in the United States and internationally; industry and competitive conditions; the consolidation and concentration of the Corporation's customers; the Corporation's reliance on its network of independent dealers; changes in trade policy; changes in raw material, component, or commodity pricing; market acceptance and demand for the Corporation's new products; changing legal, regulatory, environmental, and healthcare conditions; the risks associated with international operations; the potential impact of product defects; the various restrictions on the Corporation's financing activities; an inability to protect the Corporation's intellectual property; impacts of tax legislation; force majeure events outside the Corporation's control; and other risks described in the Corporation's annual and quarterly reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on Forms 10-K and 10-Q, as well as others the Corporation may consider not material or does not anticipate at this time. The risks and uncertainties described in this report, as well as those described within Item 1A of the Corporation's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 2, 2021, are not exclusive and further information concerning the Corporation, including factors that potentially could have a material effect on the Corporation's financial results or condition, may emerge from time to time.

The Corporation assumes no obligation to update, amend, or clarify forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise, except as required by applicable law. The Corporation advises you, however, to consult any further disclosures made on related subjects in future quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K filed with or furnished to the SEC.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

As of April 3, 2021, there were no material changes to the financial market risks affecting the quantitative and qualitative disclosures presented in Item 7A of the Corporation's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 2, 2021.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Corporation in the reports it files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the "Exchange Act") is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission's rules and forms.  Disclosure controls and procedures are also designed to ensure information is accumulated and communicated to management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Under the supervision and with the participation of the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of the Corporation, the Corporation's management carried out an evaluation of the Corporation's disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13a – 15(e) and 15d – 15(e).  As of April 3, 2021, based on this evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded these disclosure controls and procedures are effective.

Changes in Internal Controls
There have been no changes in the Corporation's internal controls over financial reporting during the fiscal quarter covered by this quarterly report on Form 10-Q that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, its internal control over financial reporting.

In December 2020, the Corporation acquired Design Public Group (see Note 3). In conducting our evaluation of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, we have elected to exclude the acquisition from our evaluation as of April 3, 2021, as permitted by the regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission.

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PART II.  OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

For information regarding legal proceedings, see "Note 14. Guarantees, Commitments, and Contingencies" in the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, which information is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

There have been no additional material changes from the risk factors disclosed in the "Risk Factors" section of the Corporation's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 2, 2021.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities:

The Corporation did not repurchase any of its shares during the first quarter of fiscal 2021.

The Corporation repurchases shares under previously announced plans authorized by the Board. The Corporation's share purchase program ("Program") announced November 9, 2007, provided a share repurchase authorization of $200,000,000 with no specific expiration date, with increases announced November 7, 2014, and February 13, 2019, providing additional share repurchase authorizations each of $200,000,000 with no specific expiration date. As of April 3, 2021, $158.3 million was authorized and available for the repurchases of shares by the Corporation. The Program does not obligate the Corporation to purchase any shares and the authorization for the Program may be terminated, increased, or decreased by the Board at any time. No repurchase plans expired or were terminated during the first quarter of fiscal 2021, and no plans are currently in place under which further purchases are not intended.

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Item 6. Exhibits
31.1
31.2
32.1
101The following materials from HNI Corporation's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended April 3, 2021 are formatted in Inline XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language) and filed electronically herewith: (i) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income; (ii) Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets; (iii) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity; (iv) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows; and (v) Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)
+    Filed or furnished herewith.

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 HNI Corporation 
    
Date: May 4, 2021By:/s/ Marshall H. Bridges 
  Marshall H. Bridges 
  Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer 
  
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