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Bath & Body Works (BBWI)

Filed: 22 Mar 18, 8:00pm

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D. C. 20549
______________________________________________________ 
FORM 10-K
______________________________________________________ 
(Mark One)
ýANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended February 3, 2018
OR
¨TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 [NO FEE REQUIRED]
For the transition period from                  to                 
Commission file number 1-8344
______________________________________________________ 
L BRANDS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
_________________________________________________
Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation or organization)
 
31-1029810
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
   
Three Limited Parkway,
Columbus, Ohio
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
43230
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (614) 415-7000
______________________________________________________
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $.50 Par Value The New York Stock Exchange
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None.
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨    No  ý
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.    ý
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,”and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer ý    Accelerated filer ¨    Non-accelerated filer ¨ Smaller reporting company ¨ Emerging growth company ¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  ý
The aggregate market value of the registrant’s Common Stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter was: $10,967,734,685.
Number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s Common Stock as of March 16, 2018: 278,858,024.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the Registrant’s Proxy Statement for the Registrant’s 2018 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on May 17, 2018, are incorporated by reference into Part II and Part III.
 



Table of Contents
 



PART I

ITEM 1. BUSINESS.
General
L Brands, Inc. (“we” or “the Company”) operates in the highly competitive specialty retail business. Founded in 1963 in Columbus, Ohio, we have evolved from an apparel-based specialty retailer to a segment leader focused on women’s intimate and other apparel, personal care, beauty and home fragrance products. We sell our merchandise through company-owned specialty retail stores in the United States (“U.S.”), Canada, United Kingdom ("U.K."), Ireland and Greater China (China and Hong Kong), which are primarily mall-based; through websites; and through international franchise, license and wholesale partners (collectively, "partners").
Victoria’s Secret
Victoria’s Secret, including PINK, the iconic women's intimate brand featuring celebrated supermodels and a world-famous fashion show, is a specialty retailer of women's intimate and other apparel with fashion-inspired collections and prestige fragrances. We sell our Victoria’s Secret products online and at more than 1,200 Victoria’s Secret and PINK company-owned stores in the U.S., Canada, U.K., Ireland and Greater China. Additionally, Victoria’s Secret and PINK have more than 430 stores in more than 70 countries operating under franchise, license and wholesale arrangements.
Bath & Body Works
Bath & Body Works, which sells products under the Bath & Body Works, White Barn, C.O. Bigelow and other brand names, is one of the leading specialty retailers of body care, home fragrance products, soaps and sanitizers. We sell our Bath & Body Works products online and at more than 1,600 Bath & Body Works company-owned stores in the U.S. and Canada. Additionally, Bath & Body Works has 185 stores in more than 30 other countries operating under franchise, license and wholesale arrangements.
Other Brands
La Senza is a specialty retailer of women’s intimate apparel. We sell our La Senza products online and at more than 110 La Senza stores in Canada and 5 La Senza stores in the U.S. Additionally, La Senza has more than 190 stores in 22 other countries operating under franchise and license arrangements.
Henri Bendel sells handbags, jewelry and other accessory products online and through our New York flagship and 26 other stores.
Acquisition
In the first quarter of 2016, we reacquired the franchise rights to operate Victoria's Secret Beauty and Accessories stores in Greater China, including 26 stores already open at the time of acquisition. For additional information, see Note 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
Divestiture
In the first quarter of 2015, we divested our remaining ownership interest in our third-party apparel sourcing business. For additional information, see Note 9 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
Fiscal Year
Our fiscal year ends on the Saturday nearest to January 31. As used herein, “2017” refers to the 53-week period ended February 3, 2018. “2016,” “2015,” “2014” and “2013” refer to the 52-week periods ended January 28, 2017, January 30, 2016, January 31, 2015 and February 1, 2014, respectively.
Real Estate
Company-owned Retail Stores
Our company-owned retail stores are located in shopping malls, lifestyle centers and street locations in the U.S., Canada, U.K., Ireland and Greater China. As a result of our strong brands and established retail presence, we have been able to lease high-traffic locations in most retail centers in which we operate. Substantially all of our stores generated positive cash flow in 2017.

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The following table provides the number of our company-owned retail stores in operation for each brand as of February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017.
 February 3, 2018 January 28, 2017
Victoria’s Secret U.S.1,124
 1,131
Victoria’s Secret Canada46
 46
Bath & Body Works U.S.1,592
 1,591
Bath & Body Works Canada102
 102
Victoria's Secret U.K. / Ireland24
 18
Victoria's Secret China7
 
Victoria's Secret Beauty and Accessories China29
 31
La Senza U.S.5
 4
La Senza Canada119
 122
Henri Bendel27
 29
Total3,075 3,074

The following table provides the changes in the number of our company-owned retail stores operated for the past five fiscal years:
 
Beginning
of Year
 Opened Closed Acquired (a) End of Year
20173,074
 66
 (65) 
 3,075
20163,005
 72
 (29) 26
 3,074
20152,969
 72
 (36) 
 3,005
20142,923
 81
 (35) 
 2,969
20132,876
 81
 (34) 
 2,923
_______________
(a)    Relates to the acquisition of Victoria's Secret Beauty and Accessories franchise stores in Greater China. For additional
information see Note 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and             Supplementary Data.

Franchise, License and Wholesale Arrangements
In addition to our company-owned stores, our products are sold at hundreds of partner locations in more than 70 countries. Under these arrangements, third parties operate stores that sell our products under our brand names. Revenue recognized under franchise and license arrangements generally consists of royalties earned and recognized upon sale of merchandise by franchise and license partners to retail customers. Revenue is generally recognized under wholesale arrangements at the time the title passes to the partner. We continue to increase the number of locations under these types of arrangements as part of our international expansion.
The following table provides the number of our international stores operated by our partners for each business as of February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017.
 February 3, 2018 January 28, 2017
Victoria’s Secret Beauty and Accessories397
 391
Victoria’s Secret37
 28
Bath & Body Works185
 159
La Senza194
 203
Total813 781


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Our Strengths
We believe the following competitive strengths contribute to our leading market position, differentiate us from our competitors and will drive future growth:
Industry Leading Brands
We have developed and operate brands that have come to represent an aspirational lifestyle. Our brands allow us to target markets across the economic spectrum, across demographics and across the world. We believe that our three flagship brands, Victoria's Secret, PINK and Bath & Body Works, are highly recognizable which provides us with a competitive advantage.
At Victoria’s Secret, we market glamorous and sexy product lines to our customers. While bras and panties are the core of what we do, this brand also gives our customers choices in beauty products, fragrances, loungewear, athletic attire and personal care accessories.
At PINK, we market products to the college-aged woman. While bras and panties are the core of what we do, this brand also gives our customers choices in apparel, loungewear, athletic attire and accessories.
Bath & Body Works caters to our customers’ entire well-being, providing shower gels and lotions, aromatherapy, home fragrance, soaps and sanitizers and body care accessories.
In-Store Experience and Store Operations
We view our customers' in-store experience as an important vehicle for communicating the image of each brand. We utilize visual presentation of merchandise, in-store marketing, music and our sales associates to reinforce the image represented by the brands.
Our in-store marketing is designed to convey the principal elements and personality of each brand. The store design, furniture, fixtures and music are all carefully planned and coordinated to create a unique shopping experience. Every brand displays merchandise uniformly to ensure a consistent store experience, regardless of location. Store managers receive detailed plans designating fixture and merchandise placement to ensure coordinated execution of the company-wide merchandising strategy.
Our sales associates and managers are a central element in creating the atmosphere of the stores by providing a high level of customer service.
Digital Experience
In addition to our in-store experience, we strive to create a customer-centric digital platform that integrates the digital and physical brand experience. Our digital presence, including social media, our websites and our mobile applications, allows us to get to know our customers better and communicate with them anytime and anywhere.
Product Development, Sourcing and Logistics
We believe a large part of our success comes from frequent and innovative product launches, which include bra launches at Victoria’s Secret, PINK and La Senza and new fragrance and product launches at Bath & Body Works. Our merchant, design and sourcing teams have a long history of bringing innovative products to our customers. Additionally, we believe that our sourcing and production function (Mast Global) has a long and deep presence in the key sourcing markets including those in the U.S. and Asia, which helps us partner with the best manufacturers to get high-quality products quickly.
Experienced and Committed Management Team
We were founded in 1963 and have been led since inception by Leslie H. Wexner. Our senior management team has a wealth of retail and business experience at L Brands, Inc. and other companies such as Nike, Coach, The Gap, The Home Depot, Land's End, Levi Strauss, Boots and Yum Brands. We believe that we have one of the most experienced management teams in retail.
Additional Information
Merchandise Vendors
During 2017, we purchased merchandise from approximately 350 vendors located throughout the world. No vendor provided 10% or more of our merchandise purchases.

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Distribution and Merchandise Inventory
Most of our merchandise is shipped to our distribution centers in the Columbus, Ohio, area. We use a variety of shipping terms that result in the transfer of title of the merchandise at either the point of origin or point of destination.
Our policy is to maintain sufficient quantities of inventories on hand in our retail stores and distribution centers to enable us to offer customers an appropriate selection of current merchandise. We emphasize rapid turnover and take markdowns as required to keep merchandise fresh and current.
Information Systems
Our management information systems consist of a full range of retail, financial and merchandising systems. The systems include applications related to point-of-sale, e-commerce, merchandising, planning, sourcing, logistics, inventory management, data security and support systems including human resources and finance.
Seasonal Business
Our operations are seasonal in nature and consist of two principal selling seasons: Spring (the first and second quarters) and Fall (the third and fourth quarters). The fourth quarter, including the holiday season, accounted for approximately one-third of our net sales for 2017, 2016 and 2015 and is typically our most profitable quarter. Accordingly, cash requirements are highest in the third quarter as our inventories build in advance of the holiday season.
Working Capital
We fund our business operations through a combination of available cash and cash equivalents and cash flows generated from operations. In addition, our credit facilities are available for additional working capital needs and investment opportunities.
Regulation
We and our products are subject to regulation by various federal, state, local and foreign regulatory authorities. We are subject to a variety of tax and customs regulations and international trade arrangements.
Trademarks and Patents
Our trademarks and patents, which constitute our primary intellectual property, have been registered or are the subject of pending applications in the United States Patent and Trademark Office and with the registries of many foreign countries and/or are protected by common law. We believe our products are identified by our intellectual property and, thus, our intellectual property is of significant value. Accordingly, we intend to maintain our intellectual property and related registrations and vigorously protect our intellectual property assets against infringement.
Segment Information
We have three reportable segments: Victoria’s Secret, Bath & Body Works and Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works International. For additional information, including the financial results of our reportable segments, see Note 21 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
Other Information
For additional information about our business, including our net sales and profits for the last three years and selling square footage, see Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Competition
The sale of women's intimate and other apparel, personal care and beauty products and accessories through retail stores is a highly competitive business with numerous competitors, including individual and chain specialty stores, department stores and discount retailers. Brand image, marketing, design, price, service, assortment and quality are the principal competitive factors in retail store sales. Our online businesses compete with numerous online merchandisers. Image presentation, fulfillment and the factors affecting retail store sales discussed above are the principal competitive factors in online sales.
Associate Relations
As of February 3, 2018, we employed approximately 93,200 associates; 68,000 of whom were part-time. In addition, temporary associates are hired during peak periods, such as the holiday season.

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Executive Officers of Registrant
Set forth below is certain information regarding our executive officers.
Leslie H. Wexner, 80, has been our Chief Executive Officer since our founding in 1963 and Chairman of the Board of Directors since 1975.
Stuart B. Burgdoerfer, 54, has been our Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer since April 2007.
Nicholas P. M. Coe, 55, has been our Chief Executive Officer and President of Bath & Body Works since August 2011.
Charles C. McGuigan, 61, has been our Chief Operating Officer since May 2012 and our Chief Executive Officer and President of Mast Global since February 2011.
Martin P. Waters, 52, has been our President of L Brands International since November 2009.
Available Information
We are subject to the reporting requirements of the Exchange Act and its rules and regulations. The Exchange Act requires us to file reports, proxy statements and other information with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). Copies of these reports, proxy statements and other information can be read and copied at:
SEC Public Reference Room
100 F Street NE
Washington, D.C. 20549
Information on the operation of the Public Reference Room may be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The SEC maintains a website that contains reports, proxy statements and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC. These materials may be obtained electronically by accessing the SEC's website at www.sec.gov. Our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to these reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act are available, free of charge, on our website at www.lb.com.
Copies of any of the above-referenced documents will also be made available, free of charge, upon written request to:
L Brands, Inc.
Investor Relations Department
Three Limited Parkway
Columbus, Ohio 43230


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ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS.
We caution that any forward-looking statements (as such term is defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995) contained in this report or made by our company or our management involve risks and uncertainties and are subject to change based on various factors, many of which are beyond our control. Accordingly, our future performance and financial results may differ materially from those expressed or implied in any such forward-looking statements. Words such as “estimate,” “project,” “plan,” “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “planned,” “potential” and any similar expressions may identify forward-looking statements. Risks associated with the following factors, among others, in some cases have affected and in the future could affect our financial performance and actual results and could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in any forward-looking statements included in this report or otherwise made by our company or our management:
general economic conditions, consumer confidence, consumer spending patterns and market disruptions including severe weather conditions, natural disasters, health hazards, terrorist activities, financial crises, political crises or other major events, or the prospect of these events;
the seasonality of our business;
the dependence on mall traffic and the availability of suitable store locations on appropriate terms;
our ability to grow through new store openings and existing store remodels and expansions;
our ability to successfully expand internationally and related risks;
our independent franchise, license and wholesale partners;
our direct channel businesses;
our ability to protect our reputation and our brand images;
our ability to attract customers with marketing, advertising and promotional programs;
our ability to protect our trade names, trademarks and patents;
the highly competitive nature of the retail industry and the segments in which we operate;
consumer acceptance of our products and our ability to manage the life cycle of our brands, keep up with fashion trends, develop new merchandise and launch new product lines successfully;
our ability to source, distribute and sell goods and materials on a global basis, including risks related to:
political instability, significant health hazards, environmental hazards or natural disasters;
duties, taxes and other charges;
legal and regulatory matters;
volatility in currency exchange rates;
local business practices and political issues;
potential delays or disruptions in shipping and transportation and related pricing impacts;
disruption due to labor disputes; and
changing expectations regarding product safety due to new legislation;
our geographic concentration of vendor and distribution facilities in central Ohio;
fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates;
stock price volatility;
our ability to pay dividends and related effects;
our ability to maintain our credit rating;
our ability to service or refinance our debt;
our ability to retain key personnel;
our ability to attract, develop and retain qualified associates and manage labor-related costs;
the ability of our vendors to deliver products in a timely manner, meet quality standards and comply with applicable laws and regulations;
fluctuations in product input costs;

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our ability to adequately protect our assets from loss and theft;
fluctuations in energy costs;
increases in the costs of mailing, paper and printing;
claims arising from our self-insurance;
our ability to implement and maintain information technology systems and to protect associated data;
our ability to maintain the security of customer, associate, third-party or company information;
our ability to comply with regulatory requirements;
legal and compliance matters; and
tax, trade and other regulatory matters.
We are not under any obligation and do not intend to make publicly available any update or other revisions to any of the forward-looking statements contained in this report to reflect circumstances existing after the date of this report or to reflect the occurrence of future events even if experience or future events make it clear that any expected results expressed or implied by those forward-looking statements will not be realized.
The following discussion of risk factors contains “forward-looking statements.” These risk factors may be important to understanding any statement in this Form 10-K, other filings or in any other discussions of our business. The following information should be read in conjunction with Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation and Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
In addition to the other information set forth in this report, the reader should carefully consider the following factors which could materially affect our business, financial condition or future results. The risks described below are not our only risks. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known or that are currently deemed to be immaterial may also adversely affect our business, operating results and/or financial condition in a material way.
Our net sales, profit results and cash flows are sensitive to, and may be affected by, general economic conditions, consumer confidence, spending patterns, weather or other market disruptions.
Our net sales, profit, cash flows and future growth may be affected by negative local, regional, national or international political or economic trends or developments that reduce the consumers’ ability or willingness to spend, including the effects of national and international security concerns such as war, terrorism or the threat thereof. In addition, market disruptions due to severe weather conditions, natural disasters, health hazards or other major events or the prospect of these events could also impact consumer spending and confidence levels. Purchases of women’s intimate and other apparel, beauty and personal care products and accessories often decline during periods when economic or market conditions are unsettled or weak. In such circumstances, we may increase the number of promotional sales, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
The decision by the U.K. to leave the European Union (“Brexit”) has increased the uncertainty in the economic and political environment in Europe. In particular, our business in the U.K. may be adversely impacted by fluctuations in currency exchange rates, changes in trade policies, or changes in labor, immigration, tax or other laws.
Extreme weather conditions in the areas in which our stores are located, particularly in markets where we have multiple stores, could adversely affect our business. For example, heavy snowfall, rainfall or other extreme weather conditions over a prolonged period might make it difficult for our customers to travel to our stores and thereby reduce our sales and profitability.
Our net sales, operating income, cash and inventory levels fluctuate on a seasonal basis.
We experience major seasonal fluctuations in our net sales and operating income, with a significant portion of our operating income typically realized during the fourth quarter holiday season. Any decrease in sales or margins during this period could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Seasonal fluctuations also affect our cash and inventory levels, since we usually order merchandise in advance of peak selling periods and sometimes before new fashion trends are confirmed by customer purchases. We must carry a significant amount of inventory, especially before the holiday season selling period. If we are not successful in selling inventory, we may have to sell the inventory at significantly reduced prices or may not be able to sell the inventory at all, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.

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Our net sales depend on a volume of traffic to our stores and the availability of suitable lease space.
Most of our stores are located in retail shopping areas including malls and other types of retail centers. Sales at these stores are derived, in part, from the volume of traffic in those retail areas. Our stores benefit from the ability of the retail center and other attractions in an area, including “destination” retail stores, to generate consumer traffic in the vicinity of our stores. Sales volume and retail traffic may be adversely affected by factors that we cannot control, such as economic downturns or changes in consumer demographics in a particular area, consumer trends away from brick-and-mortar retail toward online shopping, competition from internet and other retailers and other retail areas where we do not have stores, the closing or decline in popularity of other stores in the shopping areas where our stores are located and the deterioration in the financial condition of the operators of the shopping areas or developers in which our stores are located.
Part of our future growth is significantly dependent on our ability to operate stores in desirable locations with capital investment and lease costs providing the opportunity to earn a reasonable return. We cannot be sure as to when or whether such desirable locations will become available at reasonable costs. Some of our store locations, such as our Victoria’s Secret flagship stores, require significant upfront capital investment and have material lease commitments. Additionally, we are dependent upon the suitability of the lease spaces that we currently use. The leases that we enter into are generally noncancellable leases with initial terms of ten years. If we determine that it is no longer economical to operate a store and decide to close it, we may remain obligated under the applicable lease for, among other things, payment of the base rent for the balance of the lease term.
These risks could have a material adverse effect on our ability to grow and our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Our ability to grow depends in part on new store openings and existing store remodels and expansions.
Our continued growth and success will depend in part on our ability to open and operate new stores and expand and remodel existing stores on a timely and profitable basis. Accomplishing our new and existing store expansion goals will depend upon a number of factors, including the ability to partner with developers and landlords to obtain suitable sites for new and expanded stores at acceptable costs, the hiring and training of qualified personnel and the integration of new stores into existing operations. There can be no assurance we will be able to achieve our store expansion goals, manage our growth effectively, successfully integrate the planned new stores into our operations or operate our new, remodeled and expanded stores profitably. These risks could have a material adverse effect on our ability to grow and results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Our plans for international expansion include risks that could impact our results and reputation.
We intend to further expand into international markets, including mainland China, through partner arrangements and/or company-owned stores. The risks associated with our expansion into international markets include difficulties in attracting customers due to a lack of customer familiarity with our brands, our lack of familiarity with local customer preferences and seasonal differences in the market. Further, entry into other markets may bring us into competition with new competitors or with existing competitors with an established market presence. Other risks include general economic conditions in specific countries or markets, volatility in the geopolitical landscape, restrictions on the repatriation of funds held internationally, disruptions or delays in shipments, changes in diplomatic and trade relationships, political instability and foreign governmental regulation. Such expansions will also have upfront investment costs that may not be accompanied by sufficient revenues to achieve typical or expected operational and financial performance.
We also have risks related to identifying suitable partners. In addition, certain aspects of these arrangements are not directly within our control, such as the ability of these third parties to meet their projections regarding store openings and sales and their compliance with federal and local law. We cannot ensure the profitability or success of our expansion into international markets.
 
Further, our results of operations and financial condition may be adversely affected by fluctuations in currency exchange rates. See “Fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates could impact our financial condition and results of operations” below.
These risks could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Our licensees, franchisees and wholesalers could take actions that could harm our business or brand images.
We have global representation through independently owned stores operated by our partners. Although we have criteria to evaluate and select prospective partners, the level of control we can exercise over our partners is limited and the quality and success of their operations may be diminished by any number of factors beyond our control. For example, our partners may not have the business acumen or financial resources necessary to successfully operate stores in a manner consistent with our standards and may not hire and train qualified store managers and other personnel. Our brand image and reputation may suffer

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materially and our sales could decline if our partners do not operate successfully. These risks could have an adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Our direct channel businesses include risks that could have an effect on our results.
Our direct operations are subject to numerous risks that could have a material adverse effect on our results. Risks include, but are not limited to, the difficulty in recreating the in-store experience through our direct channels; domestic or international resellers purchasing merchandise and reselling it outside our control; our ability to anticipate and implement innovations in technology and logistics in order to appeal to existing and potential customers who increasingly rely on multiple channels to meet their shopping needs; the failure of and risks related to the systems that operate our web infrastructure, websites and the related support systems, including computer viruses, theft of customer information, privacy concerns, telecommunication failures and electronic break-ins and similar disruptions; and risks related to the fulfillment of direct-to-consumer orders such as not adequately predicting customer demand.
Our failure to maintain efficient and uninterrupted order-taking and fulfillment operations could also have a material adverse effect on our results. The satisfaction of our online customers depends on their timely receipt of merchandise. If we encounter difficulties with the distribution facilities, or if the facilities were to shut down for any reason, including as a result of fire, natural disaster or work stoppage, we could face shortages of inventory; incur significantly higher costs and longer lead times associated with distributing our products to our customers; and cause customer dissatisfaction.
Any of these issues could have a material adverse effect on our operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Our ability to protect our reputation could have a material effect on our brand images.
Our ability to maintain our reputation is critical to our brand images. Our reputation could be jeopardized if we fail to maintain high standards for merchandise quality and integrity. Any negative publicity, including information publicized through traditional or social media platforms and similar venues such as blogs, websites and other forums, may affect our reputation and brand and, consequently, reduce demand for our merchandise, even if such publicity is unverified or inaccurate.
Failure to comply with ethical, social, product, labor and environmental standards, or related political considerations, could also jeopardize our reputation and potentially lead to various adverse consumer actions, including boycotts. Failure to comply with local laws and regulations, to maintain an effective system of internal controls, to maintain the security of customer, associate, third-party or company information or to provide accurate and timely financial statement information could also hurt our reputation. Damage to our reputation or loss of consumer confidence for any of these or other reasons could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows, as well as require additional resources to rebuild our reputation.
If our marketing, advertising and promotional programs are unsuccessful, or if our competitors are more effective with their programs than we are, our revenue or results of operations may be adversely affected.
Customer traffic and demand for our merchandise are influenced by our advertising, marketing and promotional activities, the name recognition and reputation of our brands and the location of and service offered in our stores. Although we use marketing, advertising and promotional programs to attract customers through various media, including social media, websites, mobile applications, email, print and television, some of our competitors may expend more for their programs than we do, or use different approaches than we do, which may provide them with a competitive advantage. Our programs may not be effective or could require increased expenditures, which could have a material adverse effect on our revenue and results of operations.
Our ability to adequately protect our trade names, trademarks and patents could have an impact on our brand images and ability to penetrate new markets.
We believe that our trade names, trademarks and patents are important assets and an essential element of our strategy. We have obtained or applied for federal registration of these trade names, trademarks and patents and have applied for or obtained registrations in many foreign countries. There can be no assurance that we will obtain such registrations or that the registrations we obtain will prevent the imitation of our products or infringement of our intellectual property rights by others. In particular, the laws of certain foreign countries may not protect proprietary rights to the same extent as the laws of the U.S. If any third-party copies our products or our stores in a manner that projects lesser quality or carries a negative connotation, it could have a material adverse effect on our brand image and reputation as well as our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.

9


Our ability to compete favorably in our highly competitive segment of the retail industry could impact our results.
The sale of women’s intimate and other apparel, personal care products and accessories is highly competitive. We compete for sales with a broad range of other retailers, including individual and chain specialty stores, department stores and discount retailers. In addition to the traditional store-based retailers, we also compete with direct marketers or retailers that sell similar lines of merchandise and who target customers through online channels. Brand image, marketing, design, price, service, assortment, quality, image presentation and fulfillment are all competitive factors in both the store-based and online channels.
Some of our competitors may have greater financial, marketing and other resources available. In many cases, our competitors sell their products in stores that are located in the same shopping malls and centers as our stores. In addition to competing for sales, we compete for favorable site locations and lease terms in shopping malls and centers.
Increased competition could result in price reductions, increased marketing expenditures and loss of market share, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Our ability to manage the life cycle of our brands and to remain current with fashion trends and launch new product lines successfully could impact the image and relevance of our brands.
Our success depends in part on management’s ability to effectively manage the life cycle of our brands and to anticipate and respond to changing fashion preferences and consumer demands and to translate market trends into appropriate, saleable product offerings in advance of the actual time of sale to the customer. Customer demands and fashion trends change rapidly. If we are unable to successfully anticipate, identify or react to changing styles or trends or we misjudge the market for our products or any new product lines, our sales will be lower, potentially resulting in significant amounts of unsold finished goods inventory. In response, we may be forced to increase our marketing promotions or price markdowns. These risks could have a material adverse effect on our brand image and reputation as well as our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
We may be impacted by our ability to adequately source, distribute and sell merchandise and other materials on a global basis.
We source merchandise and other materials directly in international markets and in our domestic market. We distribute merchandise and other materials globally to our partners in international locations and to our stores. Many of our imports and exports are subject to a variety of customs regulations and international trade arrangements, including existing or potential duties, tariffs or safeguard quotas. We compete with other companies for production facilities.
We also face a variety of other risks generally associated with doing business on a global basis. For example:
political instability, significant health hazards, environmental hazards or natural disasters which could negatively affect international economies, financial markets and business activity;
imposition of new or retaliatory trade duties, sanctions or taxes and other charges on imports or exports;
evolving, new or complex legal and regulatory matters;
volatility in currency exchange rates;
local business practice and political issues (including issues relating to compliance with domestic or international labor standards) which may result in adverse publicity or threatened or actual adverse consumer actions, including boycotts;
potential delays or disruptions in shipping and transportation and related pricing impacts;
disruption due to labor disputes; and
changing expectations regarding product safety due to new legislation or other factors.
We also rely upon third-party transportation providers for substantially all of our product shipments, including shipments to and from our distribution centers, to our stores and to our customers. Our utilization of these delivery services for shipments is subject to risks, including increases in fuel prices, which would increase our shipping costs, and associate strikes and inclement weather, which may impact our transportation providers’ ability to provide delivery services that adequately meet our shipping needs.
Our future performance will depend upon these and the other factors listed above which are beyond our control and could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.

10


We rely on a number of vendor and distribution facilities located in the same vicinity, making our business susceptible to local and regional disruptions or adverse conditions.
To achieve the necessary speed and agility in producing our beauty, personal care and home fragrance products, we rely heavily on vendor and distribution facilities in close proximity to our headquarters in central Ohio. As a result of geographic concentration of the vendor and distribution facilities that we rely upon, our operations are susceptible to local and regional factors, such as accidents, system failures, economic and weather conditions, natural disasters, demographic and population changes, and other unforeseen events and circumstances. Any significant interruption in the operations of these facilities could lead to inventory issues or increased costs, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates could impact our financial condition and results of operations.
We are exposed to foreign currency exchange rate risk with respect to our sales, profits, assets and liabilities denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. In addition, our royalty arrangements are calculated based on sales in local currency and, as such, we are exposed to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. Although we use foreign currency forward contracts to hedge certain foreign currency risks, these measures may not succeed in offsetting all of the short-term negative impacts of foreign currency rate movements on our business and results of operations. Hedging would generally not be effective in offsetting the long-term impact of sustained shifts in foreign exchange rates on our business results. As a result, the fluctuation in the value of the U.S. dollar against other currencies could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Our stock price may be volatile.
Our stock price may fluctuate substantially as a result of variations in our actual or projected performance or the financial performance of other companies in the retail industry. Any guidance that we provide is based on goals that we believe are reasonably attainable at the time guidance is given. If, or when, we announce actual results that differ from those that have been predicted by us, outside investment analysts or others, our stock price could be adversely affected. Investors who rely on these predictions when making investment decisions with respect to our securities do so at their own risk.
In addition, the stock market may experience price and volume fluctuations that are unrelated or disproportionate to operating performance.
If we are unable to pay quarterly dividends at intended levels, our reputation and stock price may be harmed.
Our dividend program requires the use of a portion of our cash flow. Our ability to pay dividends will depend on our ability to generate sufficient cash flows from operations in the future. This ability may be subject to certain economic, financial, competitive and other factors that are beyond our control. Our Board of Directors may, at its discretion, decrease the level of dividends or entirely discontinue the payment of dividends at any time. Any failure to pay dividends after we have announced our intention to do so may negatively impact our reputation, investor confidence in us and our stock price.
Our ability to maintain our credit rating could affect our ability to access capital and could increase our interest expense.
The credit rating agencies periodically review our capital structure and the quality and stability of our earnings. A deterioration in our capital structure or the quality and stability of our earnings could result in a downgrade of our credit rating. Any negative ratings actions could constrain the capital available to our company or our industry and could limit our access to funding for our operations. We are dependent upon our ability to access capital at rates and on terms we determine to be attractive. If our ability to access capital becomes constrained, our interest costs will likely increase, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. Additionally, changes to our credit rating could affect our future interest costs.
We may be impacted by our ability to service or refinance our debt.
We currently have substantial indebtedness. Some of our debt agreements contain covenants which require maintenance of certain financial ratios and also, under certain conditions, restrict our ability to pay dividends, repurchase common shares and make other restricted payments as defined in those agreements. Our cash flow from operations provides the primary source of funds for our debt service payments. If our cash flow from operations declines, we may be unable to service or refinance our current debt.

11


We may be impacted by our ability to recruit, train and retain key personnel.
We believe we have benefited substantially from the leadership and experience of our senior executives, including Leslie H. Wexner, Chairman of the Board of Directors and Chief Executive Officer. The loss of the services of any of these individuals could have a material adverse effect on our business. Competition for key personnel in the retail industry is intense, and our future success will also depend on our ability to recruit, train and retain other qualified key personnel.
We may be impacted by our ability to attract, develop and retain qualified associates and manage labor-related costs.
We believe our competitive advantage is providing a positive, engaging and satisfying experience for each individual customer, which requires us to have highly trained and engaged associates. Our success depends in part upon our ability to attract, develop and retain a sufficient number of qualified associates, including store personnel and talented merchants. The turnover rate in the retail industry is generally high and qualified individuals of the requisite caliber and number needed to fill these positions may be in short supply in some areas. Competition for such qualified individuals or changes in labor and healthcare laws could require us to incur higher labor costs. Our inability to recruit a sufficient number of qualified individuals in the future may delay planned openings of new stores or affect the speed with which we expand. Delayed store openings, significant increases in associate turnover rates or significant increases in labor-related costs could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
We may be impacted by our vendors’ ability to manufacture and deliver products in a timely manner, meet quality standards and comply with applicable laws and regulations.
We purchase products from third-party vendors. Factors outside our control, such as production or shipping delays or quality problems, could disrupt merchandise deliveries and result in lost sales, cancellation charges or excessive markdowns.
In addition, quality problems could result in a product liability judgment or a widespread product recall that may negatively impact our sales and profitability for a period of time depending on product availability, competition reaction and consumer attitudes. Even if the product liability claim is unsuccessful or is not fully pursued, the negative publicity surrounding any assertions could adversely impact our reputation with existing and potential customers and our brand image.
Our business could also suffer if our third-party vendors fail to comply with applicable laws and regulations. While our internal and vendor operating guidelines promote ethical business practices and our associates visit and monitor the operations of our third-party vendors, we do not control these vendors or their practices. The violation of labor, environmental or other laws by third-party vendors used by us, or the divergence of a third-party vendor’s or partner’s labor or environmental practices from those generally accepted as ethical or appropriate, could interrupt or otherwise disrupt the shipment of finished products to us or damage our reputation.
These risks could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Our results may be affected by fluctuations in product input costs.
Product input costs, including freight, labor and raw materials, fluctuate. These fluctuations may result in an increase in our production costs. We may not be able to, or may elect not to, pass these increases on to our customers which may adversely impact our profit margins. These risks could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Our ability to adequately protect our assets from loss and theft.
Our assets are subject to loss, including those caused by illegal or unethical conduct by associates, customers, vendors or unaffiliated third parties. We have experienced events such as inventory shrinkage in the past, and we cannot assure that incidences of loss and theft will decrease in the future or that the measures we are taking will effectively reduce these losses. Higher rates of loss or increased security costs to combat theft could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Our results may be affected by fluctuations in energy costs.
Energy costs have fluctuated in the past. These fluctuations may result in an increase in our transportation costs for distribution, utility costs for our retail stores and costs to purchase products from our manufacturers. A continual rise in energy costs could adversely affect consumer spending and demand for our products and increase our operating costs, both of which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.

12


We may be impacted by increases in costs of mailing, paper and printing.
Postal rate increases and paper and printing costs will affect the cost of our order fulfillment and promotional mailings. We rely on discounts from the basic postal rate structure, such as discounts for bulk mailings and sorting. Future paper and postal rate increases could adversely impact our earnings if we are unable to recover these costs or if we are unable to implement more efficient printing, mailing, delivery and order fulfillment systems. These risks could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
We self-insure certain risks and may be impacted by unfavorable claims experience.
We are self-insured for various types of insurable risks including associate medical benefits, workers’ compensation, property, general liability and automobile up to certain stop-loss limits. Claims are difficult to predict and may be volatile. Any adverse claims experience could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
We significantly rely on our ability to implement and sustain information technology systems and to protect associated data.
Our success depends, in part, on the secure and uninterrupted performance of our information technology systems. Our information technology systems, as well as those of our service providers, are vulnerable to damage from a variety of sources, including telecommunication failures, malicious human acts and natural disasters. Moreover, despite network security measures, some of our servers and those of our service providers are potentially vulnerable to physical or electronic break-ins, computer viruses and similar disruptive problems. Additionally, these types of problems could result in a breach of confidential customer, merchandise, financial or other important information which could result in damage to our reputation and/or litigation. The increased use of smartphones, tablets and other mobile devices may also heighten these and other operational risks. Despite the precautions we have taken, unanticipated problems may nevertheless cause failures in our information technology systems. Sustained or repeated system disruptions that interrupt our ability to process orders and deliver products to the stores, impact our consumers’ ability to access our websites in a timely manner or expose confidential customer information, merchandise, financial or other important information could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
In addition, from time to time, we make modifications and upgrades to the information technology systems for point-of-sale, e-commerce, merchandising, planning, sourcing, logistics, inventory management and support systems including human resources and finance. Modifications involve replacing legacy systems with successor systems, making changes to legacy systems or acquiring new systems with new functionality. We are aware of inherent risks associated with replacing these systems, including not accurately capturing data and system disruptions. Information technology system disruptions, if not anticipated and appropriately mitigated, could have a material adverse effect on our operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Our ability to maintain the security of customer, associate, third-party or company information could have an impact on our reputation and our results.
Information systems are susceptible to an increasing threat of continually evolving cybersecurity risks. Any significant compromise or breach of our data security could significantly damage our reputation with our customers, associates, investors and other third parties; cause the disclosure of confidential customer, associate, third-party or company information; cause our customers to stop shopping with us; and result in significant legal, regulatory and financial liabilities and lost revenues. While we train our associates and have implemented systems and processes to protect against unauthorized access to our information systems and prevent data loss, there is no guarantee that these procedures are adequate to safeguard against all data security breaches. In addition to our own networks and databases, we use third-party service providers to store, process and transmit certain of this information on our behalf. Although we contractually require these service providers to implement and use reasonable security measures, we cannot control third parties and cannot guarantee that a security breach will not occur in their systems. We have confidential security measures in place to protect our physical facilities and information technology systems from attacks. Despite these measures, we may be vulnerable to targeted or random security breaches, phishing attacks, denial of service attacks, acts of vandalism, computer viruses, misplaced or lost data, programming and/or human errors or similar events.
The regulatory environment related to information security, data collection and privacy is increasingly rigorous, with new and constantly changing requirements applicable to our business, and compliance with those requirements could result in additional costs, such as costs related to organizational changes, implementing additional protection technologies, training associates and engaging consultants. Additionally, we could incur lost revenues and face increased litigation as a result of any potential cybersecurity breach.

13


These risks could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
We may be impacted by our ability to comply with regulatory requirements.
We are subject to numerous regulatory requirements. Our policies, procedures and internal controls are designed to comply with all applicable foreign and domestic laws and regulations, including those required by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, the U.K. Bribery Act, the SEC and the New York Stock Exchange (the “NYSE”), among others. Although we have put in place policies and procedures aimed at ensuring legal and regulatory compliance, our associates, subcontractors, vendors, licensees, franchisees and other third parties could take actions that violate these laws and regulations. Any violations of such laws or regulations could have an adverse effect on our reputation, market price of our common stock, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
It can be difficult to comply with sometimes conflicting regulations in local, national or foreign jurisdictions as well as new or changing regulations. Also, changes in such laws could make operating our business more expensive or require us to change the way we do business. For example, changes in product safety or other consumer protection laws could lead to increased costs for certain merchandise, or additional labor costs associated with readying merchandise for sale. It may be difficult for us to oversee regulatory changes impacting our business and our responses to changes in the law could be costly and may negatively impact our operations.
We may be adversely impacted by certain compliance or legal matters.
We, along with third parties we do business with, are subject to complex compliance and litigation risks. Actions filed against us from time to time include commercial, tort, intellectual property, customer, employment, wage and hour, data privacy, securities, anti-corruption and other claims, including purported class action lawsuits. The cost of defending against these types of claims against us or the ultimate resolution of such claims, whether by settlement or adverse court decision, may harm our business. Further, potential claimants may be encouraged to bring suits based on a settlement from us or adverse court decisions against us. We cannot currently assess the likely outcome of such suits, but if the outcome were negative, it could have a material adverse effect on our reputation, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
In addition, we may be impacted by litigation trends, including class action lawsuits involving consumers and shareholders, that could have a material adverse effect on our reputation, the market price of our common stock, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
We may be impacted by changes in taxation, trade and other regulatory requirements.
We are subject to income tax in local, national and international jurisdictions. In addition, our products are subject to import and excise duties and/or sales or value-added taxes in many jurisdictions. We are also subject to the examination of our tax returns and other tax matters by the Internal Revenue Service and other tax authorities and governmental bodies. We regularly assess the likelihood of an adverse outcome resulting from these examinations to determine the adequacy of our provision for taxes. There can be no assurance as to the outcome of these examinations. Fluctuations in tax rates and duties, changes in tax legislation or regulation or adverse outcomes of these examinations could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
There is increased uncertainty with respect to tax policy and trade relations between the U.S. and other countries. Major developments in tax policy or trade relations, such as the imposition of unilateral tariffs on imported products, could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS.
None.


14


ITEM 2. PROPERTIES.
The following table provides the location, use and size of our distribution, corporate and product development facilities as of February 3, 2018:
Location Use 
Approximate
Square
Footage
Columbus, Ohio area Corporate, distribution and shipping 6,938,000
New York Office, sourcing and product development/design 580,000
Kettering, Ohio Call center 94,000
Montreal, Quebec, Canada Office 60,000
Hong Kong Office and sourcing 60,000
Mainland China Office 26,000
Various international locations Office and sourcing 120,000

United States
Our business for the Victoria’s Secret, Bath & Body Works and Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works International segments is principally conducted from office, distribution and shipping facilities located in the Columbus, Ohio, area. Additional facilities are located in New York and Kettering, Ohio.
Our distribution and shipping facilities consist of eight buildings located in the Columbus, Ohio, area. These buildings, including attached office space, comprise approximately 6.9 million square feet.
As of February 3, 2018, we operate 2,748 retail stores located in leased facilities, primarily in malls and shopping centers, throughout the U.S. A substantial portion of these lease commitments consists of store leases generally with an initial term of 10 years. The store leases expire at various dates between 2018 and 2031.
Typically, when space is leased for a retail store in a mall or shopping center, we supply all improvements, including interior walls, floors, ceilings, fixtures and decorations. The cost of improvements varies widely, depending on the design, size and location of the store. In certain cases, the landlord of the property may provide an allowance to fund all or a portion of the cost of improvements, serving as a lease incentive. Rental terms for new locations usually include a fixed minimum rent plus a percentage of sales in excess of a specified amount. We usually pay certain operating costs such as common area maintenance, utilities, insurance and taxes. For additional information, see Note 16 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
International
Canada
We lease offices in the Montreal, Quebec, and Toronto, Ontario, areas.
As of February 3, 2018, we operate 267 retail stores located in leased facilities, primarily in malls and shopping centers, throughout the Canadian provinces. These lease commitments consist of store leases with initial terms of 5 to 10 years expiring on various dates between 2018 and 2030.
United Kingdom / Ireland
As of February 3, 2018, we operate 24 retail stores in leased facilities in the U.K. and Ireland. These lease commitments consist of store leases with initial terms ranging from 10 to 35 years expiring on various dates between 2021 and 2045.
Greater China
We lease offices in Shanghai, Shenzhen and Hong Kong within Greater China.
As of February 3, 2018, we operate 36 retail stores in leased facilities in the Greater China area. These lease commitments consist of store leases with initial terms ranging from 3 to 15 years expiring on various dates between 2018 and 2032.

15


Other International
As of February 3, 2018, we also have global representation through stores operated by our partners:
397 Victoria’s Secret Beauty and Accessories stores in more than 70 countries;
194 La Senza stores in 22 countries;
185 Bath & Body Works stores in more than 30 countries;
32 Victoria's Secret stores in 13 countries; and
5 PINK stores in 5 countries.
We also operate sourcing-related office facilities in various international locations.

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.
We are a defendant in a variety of lawsuits arising in the ordinary course of business. Actions filed against our Company from time to time include commercial, tort, intellectual property, customer, employment, data privacy, securities and other claims, including purported class action lawsuits. Although it is not possible to predict with certainty the eventual outcome of any litigation, in the opinion of management, our current legal proceedings are not expected to have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
 
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.

Not applicable.

16


PART II

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES.
Our common stock (“LB”) is traded on the NYSE. As of February 3, 2018, there were approximately 37,000 shareholders of record. However, including active associates who participate in our stock purchase plan, associates who own shares through our sponsored retirement plans and others holding shares in broker accounts under street names, we estimate the shareholder base to be approximately 193,000.
The following table provides our quarterly market prices and cash dividends per share for 2017 and 2016:
 
 Market Price 
Cash Dividend
per Share
 
 High Low 
2017      
Fourth quarter$63.10
 $42.54
 $0.60
 
Third quarter46.66 35.00 0.60
 
Second quarter55.98 43.35 0.60
 
First quarter60.46 43.04 0.60
 
2016
 
 
 
Fourth quarter$75.50
 $58.75
 $0.60
 
Third quarter79.67
 69.33
 0.60
 
Second quarter80.20
 60.00
 0.60
 
First quarter97.35
 75.91
 2.60
(a)
________________ 
(a)In February 2016, our Board of Directors declared an increase in our quarterly common stock dividend from $0.50 to $0.60 per share and a special dividend of $2 per share.

In February 2018, our Board of Directors declared our first quarter of 2018 common stock dividend of $0.60 per share. This dividend was distributed on March 9, 2018 to shareholders of record at the close of business on February 23, 2018.



17


The following graph shows the changes, over the past five-year period, in the value of $100 invested in our common stock, the Standard & Poor’s 500 Composite Stock Price Index and the Standard & Poor’s 500 Retail Composite Index.
COMPARISON OF FIVE YEAR CUMULATIVE TOTAL RETURN (a) (b) (c) (d)
AMONG L BRANDS, INC., THE S&P 500 INDEX AND THE S&P RETAIL COMPOSITE INDEX
a5year.jpg
_______________
(a)This table represents $100 invested in stock or in index at the closing price on February 2, 2013, including reinvestment of dividends.
(b)The January 28, 2017 cumulative total return includes the $2 special dividend in March 2016.
(c)The January 30, 2016 cumulative total return includes the $2 special dividend in March 2015.
(d)The January 31, 2015 cumulative total return includes the $1 special dividend in March 2014.
The following table provides our repurchases of our common stock during the fourth quarter of 2017:
Period 
Total
Number of
Shares
Purchased (a)
 
Average Price
Paid per
Share (b)
 
Total Number
of Shares
Purchased as
Part of Publicly
Announced
Programs (c)
 
Maximum
Dollar Value of Shares
that May
Yet be Purchased
Under the Programs (c)
  (in thousands)   (in thousands)
November 2017 136
 $45.15
 133
 $205,338
December 2017 1,675
 60.07
 1,670
 104,983
January 2018 1,124
 51.01
 1,120
 47,866
Total 2,935
 55.91
 2,923
  
 ________________
(a)The total number of shares repurchased includes shares repurchased as part of publicly announced programs, with the remainder relating to shares repurchased in connection with tax payments due upon vesting of employee restricted stock awards and the use of our stock to pay the exercise price on employee stock options.
(b)The average price paid per share includes any broker commissions.
(c)
For additional share repurchase program information, see Note 19 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.


18


ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA.
  Fiscal Year Ended
  February 3, 2018 (a) January 28, 2017 January 30, 2016 January 31, 2015 February 1, 2014
  (in millions)
Summary of Operations          
Net Sales $12,632
 $12,574
 $12,154
 $11,454
 $10,773
Gross Profit 4,959
 5,125
 5,204
 4,808
 4,429
Operating Income (b) 1,728
 2,003
 2,192
 1,953
 1,743
Net Income (c) 983
 1,158
 1,253
 1,042
 903
  (as a percentage of net sales)
Gross Profit 39.3% 40.8% 42.8% 42.0% 41.1%
Operating Income 13.7% 15.9% 18.0% 17.1% 16.2%
Net Income 7.8% 9.2% 10.3% 9.1% 8.4%
           
Per Share Results   
 
 
 
Net Income Per Basic Share $3.46
 $4.04
 $4.30
 $3.57
 $3.12
Net Income Per Diluted Share $3.42
 $3.98
 $4.22
 $3.50
 $3.05
Dividends Per Share $2.40
 $4.40
 $4.00
 $2.36
 $1.20
Weighted Average Diluted Shares Outstanding (in millions) 287
 291
 297
 298
 296
           
Other Financial Information (in millions)
Cash and Cash Equivalents $1,515
 $1,934
 $2,548
 $1,681
 $1,519
Total Assets 8,149
 8,170
 8,493
 7,476
 7,127
Working Capital 1,262
 1,451
 2,281
 1,520
 1,296
Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities (d) 1,406
 1,990
 2,027
 1,877
 1,323
Capital Expenditures 707
 990
 727
 715
 691
Long-term Debt 5,707
 5,700
 5,715
 4,722
 4,711
Other Long-term Liabilities 924
 831
 904
 820
 770
Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit) (753) (729) (259) 18
 (370)
           
Comparable Sales Increase (Decrease) (e) (3%) 2% 5% 4% 1%
Comparable Store Sales Increase (Decrease) (e) (4%) 1% 5% 4% 2%
Return on Average Assets 12% 14% 16% 14% 14%
Current Ratio 1.6
 1.7
 2.2
 1.9
 1.7
           
Stores and Associates at End of Year          
Number of Stores (f) 3,075
 3,074
 3,005
 2,969
 2,923
Selling Square Feet (in thousands) (f) 12,656
 12,395
 11,902
 11,536
 11,169
Number of Associates 93,200
 93,600
 87,900
 80,100
 94,600
 ________________
(a)The fiscal year ended February 3, 2018 ("2017") represents a 53-week fiscal year.
(b)Operating income includes the effect of the following item:
(i)In 2016, a $35 million charge related to strategic actions at Victoria's Secret, including severance charges, fabric cancellations and the write-off of catalogue paper.

19


(c)In addition to the item previously discussed in (b), net income includes the effect of the following items:
(i)In 2017, a $92 million tax benefit related to changes in U.S. tax legislation partially offset by a $29 million loss associated with the early extinguishment of our 2019 Notes.
(ii)In 2016, a $70 million gain related to a $124 million cash distribution from Easton Town Center, LLC, a $42 million tax benefit related to the favorable resolution of a discrete income tax matter, partially offset by a $22 million loss associated with the early extinguishment of our 2017 Notes.
(iii)In 2015, a $69 million gain related to the divestiture of our remaining ownership interest in our third-party apparel sourcing business.
For additional information on these items, see the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
The effect of the items described in (b) and (c) above increased earnings per share by $0.22 in 2017, $0.23 in 2016 and $0.23 in 2015.
(d)
As further discussed in Note 2 included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, prior year amounts have been recast to reflect the retrospective application of Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2016-09, Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting.
(e)The percentage change in comparable sales represents direct and comparable store sales. The percentage change in comparable store sales represents the change in sales at comparable stores only and excludes the change in sales from our direct channels. A store is typically included in the calculation of comparable sales when it has been open or owned 12 months or more and it has not had a change in selling square footage of 20% or more. Additionally, stores of a given brand are excluded if total selling square footage for the brand in the mall changes by 20% or more through the opening or closing of a second store. The percentage change in comparable sales are calculated on a comparable calendar period. Therefore, the percentage change in comparable sales for 2016, 2015, 2014 and 2013 were calculated on a 52-to-52-week basis and the percentage change in comparable sales for 2017 was calculated on a 53-to-53-week basis. Comparable sales attributable to our international stores are calculated on a constant currency basis.

(f)Number of stores and selling square feet excludes independently owned Victoria's Secret Beauty and Accessories, Victoria's Secret, PINK, Bath & Body Works and La Senza stores operated by our partners.

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.
The following discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations are based upon our Consolidated Financial Statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") as codified in the Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC"). The following information should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and the related notes included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
Our operating results are generally impacted by economic changes and, therefore, we monitor the retail environment using, among other things, certain key industry performance indicators including competitor performance and mall traffic data. These can provide insight into consumer spending patterns and shopping behavior in the current retail environment and assist us in assessing our performance as well as the potential impact of industry trends on our future operating results. Additionally, we evaluate a number of key performance indicators including comparable sales, gross profit, operating income and other performance metrics such as sales per average selling square foot and inventory per selling square foot in assessing our performance.
Executive Overview
We have a multi-year goal to grow our business and increase operating margins for our brands by focusing on these key business priorities:
Grow our business in North America;
Extend our core brands internationally; and
Focus on the fundamentals of our business including managing inventory, expenses and capital with discipline.
We also continue to focus on:
Attracting and retaining top talent;

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Maintaining a strong cash and liquidity position while optimizing our capital structure; and
Returning value to our shareholders.
The following is a discussion regarding certain of our key business priorities:
Grow our business in North America
Our first focus is on the substantial growth opportunity in North America.
At Victoria's Secret, we are very focused on improving performance by staying close to our customer, improving the customer experience in stores and online and improving our assortment. We are developing and launching new products, especially in core bra, panties, sport and PINK beauty. In addition to resetting product, we are focused on attracting, engaging and retaining high-value, dual-channel customers. We will continue delivering brand-accretive marketing to grow the customer base. In 2018, our square footage at Victoria's Secret North America is expected to remain flat. In our direct channel, we are investing in infrastructure and technology to support growth.
The core of Bath & Body Works is its body care, home fragrance products, soaps and sanitizers which together make up the majority of sales and profits for the business. We see clear opportunities for substantial growth in these categories by focusing on product newness and innovation and expanding into under-penetrated market and price segments. We have further opportunity to grow by creating a Bath & Body Works and White Barn shop-in-shop at many of our store locations. In 2018, we plan to increase our square footage at Bath & Body Works North America by about 3% through the opening of approximately 30 net new Bath & Body Works stores and the remodeling of existing stores. Additionally, www.BathandBodyWorks.com continues to exhibit significant year-over-year growth.
Extend our core brands internationally
We believe there is substantial opportunity for international growth. We have separate, dedicated teams that have taken a methodical, "test and learn" approach to expansion. We began our international expansion with the acquisition of La Senza at the beginning of 2007, and we've continued to expand our presence outside of North America by opening company-owned stores, as well as increasing the number of stores operated by our international partners.
Victoria’s Secret International Stores — We have made significant progress in expanding Victoria's Secret internationally. We opened our first seven Victoria's Secret full-assortment stores in Greater China during 2017, and have plans to open approximately 10 more in 2018. In the U.K., we opened three new Victoria's Secret full-assortment stores and two PINK stores in 2017, bringing the total to 23. In 2018, we plan to open two Victoria's Secret full-assortment stores and one PINK store in the U.K. Additionally, in 2017 we opened our first Victoria's Secret full-assortment store in Ireland.
Further, our partners opened nine Victoria's Secret full-assortment stores in 2017 with notable openings in Poland, Russia, Turkey and the Middle East, bringing the total to 32 Victoria's Secret full-assortment stores and five PINK stores. Our partners plan to open approximately 20 Victoria's Secret full-assortment stores and five PINK stores in 2018.
Victoria's Secret Beauty and Accessories Stores — We operate 29 company-owned Victoria's Secret Beauty and Accessories stores in Greater China and expect to open approximately 10 more in 2018. Our partners opened six net new Victoria’s Secret Beauty and Accessories stores in 2017, bringing the total to 397. These stores are located in local markets, airports and tourist destinations, and are focused on Victoria’s Secret branded beauty and accessory products. Our partners plan to open approximately 40 and close approximately 25 Victoria’s Secret Beauty and Accessories stores in 2018.
Bath & Body Works International Stores — Our partners opened 26 net new Bath & Body Works stores in 2017, bringing the total in the Middle East, Latin America, Southeast Asia and Europe to 185. Our partners plan to open approximately 50 additional stores in 2018.
Focus on the fundamentals of our business
We are focused on the fundamentals of our business which include our customers, core merchandise categories, inventory management, speed and agility, and store selling and execution. In terms of speed and agility, we are focused on inventory discipline through lead-time reductions and in-season agility to increase sales and reduce promotional activity. Finally, we continue to optimize our store selling and execution by concentrating on a better store experience and developing, retaining and investing in talented, trained and productive store associates.

21


2017 Overview
We utilize the retail calendar for reporting. As such, the results for fiscal 2017 represents the 53-week period ended February 3, 2018, and the results for 2016 and 2015 represent the 52-week periods ended January 28, 2017 and January 30, 2016, respectively. The 2017 fourth quarter consists of a 14-week period versus a 13-week period in 2016. The extra week accounted for approximately $160 million in incremental sales in the fourth quarter of 2017.
Results were mixed in 2017. Our net sales increased $58 million to $12.632 billion driven by the extra week in the fiscal year, partially offset by a comparable sales decrease of 3%. Our operating income decreased $275 million to $1.728 billion, and our operating income rate decreased to 13.7% from 15.9%. Growth at Bath & Body Works was more than offset by declines at Victoria’s Secret and Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works International:
At Bath & Body Works, sales increased 8%, driven by a positive 2% comparable store sales increase and a 24% increase in sales in the direct channel. Operating income increased 5%. We worked a large part of the year to refine our merchandise mix. Through new products and relaunches we improved our assortment, created a large amount of newness and learned even more about our customer and what she wants most. We ended the year with 425 new concept stores which include the White Barn design. While the investment in these stores results in near-term financial pressure, they continue to drive significant sales increases and importantly present a new, compelling store design to our customers.
In the Victoria’s Secret business, while we continue to see strong growth in our direct channel (18% in go-forward merchandise categories for 2017), store traffic levels continue to be challenging despite increased marketing and promotion (comparable store sales for go-forward merchandise categories declined 6% in 2017), as we continue to build back our customer base. Operating income for the Victoria’s Secret segment declined 21% in 2017. By business unit:
Our PINK business achieved a mid-single digit sales increase for the year, as strong growth in the bra and panty business was somewhat offset by a decline in the loungewear business. We are leveraging our speed capabilities in the PINK business to address fashion issues in the loungewear business and improve results.
In the Victoria’s Secret Lingerie business, although our results improved throughout the year, total sales in go-forward categories declined in the mid-single digit range in 2017.
The Victoria’s Secret Beauty business improved in 2017. Sales increased in the low-single digit range, and the merchandise margin rate increased, as the customer responded to a more focused assortment and new products and fashion.
Operating income in our international segment declined by $35 million to $5 million. Our partner-based businesses are doing well, with solid operating income growth for the year. The operating loss related to our company-owned business in China increased as we continue to invest for significant growth. We opened seven new Victoria’s Secret full-assortment stores in China in 2017 and began e-commerce on the global Tmall website. Our company-owned business in the U.K. was challenged in 2017, comparable sales and operating income both declined, and we are very focused on improving performance.
We are equipped for success, driven by strong brands which lead their categories and an experienced and talented leadership team. We see significant growth opportunities both in and outside of North America. Although our performance in 2017 did not meet our expectations, we continue to hold leadership positions in the segments of retail in which we do business.
For additional information related to our 2017 financial performance, see “Results of Operations – 2017 Compared to 2016.”
Our capital expenditures of $707 million included $601 million for opening new stores and remodeling and improving existing stores. Remaining capital expenditures were primarily related to spending on technology and infrastructure to support growth.
We also are committed to returning value to our shareholders through a combination of dividends and share repurchase programs. During 2017, we paid $686 million in regular dividends and repurchased $445 million of our common stock. We use cash flow generated from operating and financing activities to fund our dividends and share repurchase programs. Since 2000, we have returned approximately $20 billion to shareholders through share repurchases and dividends.
Adjusted Financial Information

In addition to our results provided in accordance with GAAP above and throughout this Form 10-K, provided below are non-GAAP measurements which present operating income, net income and earnings per share in 20172016 and 2015 on an adjusted basis, which remove certain special items. We believe that these special items are not indicative of our ongoing operations due to their size and nature. We use adjusted financial information as key performance measures of results of operations for the purpose of evaluating performance internally. These non-GAAP measurements are not intended to replace

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the presentation of our financial results in accordance with GAAP. Instead, we believe that the presentation of adjusted financial information provides additional information to investors to facilitate the comparison of past and present operations. Further, our definition of adjusted financial information may differ from similarly titled measures used by other companies. The table below reconciles the GAAP financial measures to the non-GAAP financial measures.
(in millions, except per share amounts)2017 2016 2015
Detail of Special Items included in Operating Income - Income (Expense)     
Victoria's Secret Restructuring (a)$
 $(35) $
Total Special Items included in Operating Income$
 $(35) $
      
Detail of Special Items included in Other Income (Loss) - Income (Loss)     
Gain on Distribution from Easton Town Center, LLC (b)$
 $108
 $
Loss on Extinguishment of Debt (c)(45) (36) 
Gain on Divestiture of Third-party Apparel Sourcing Business (d)
 
 78
Total Special Items included in Other Income (Loss)$(45)
$72

$78
      
Detail of Special Items included in Provision for Income Taxes - Benefit (Provision)     
Tax Benefit related to Changes in U.S. Tax Legislation (e)$92
 $
 $
Tax Benefit from the Settlement of a Discrete Tax Matter (f)
 42
 
Tax Effect of Special Items included in Operating Income and Other Income (Loss)16
 (11) (9)
Total Special Items included in Provision for Income Taxes$108

$31

$(9)
      
Reconciliation of Reported Operating Income to Adjusted Operating Income     
Reported Operating Income$1,728
 $2,003
 $2,192
Special Items included in Operating Income
 35
 
Adjusted Operating Income$1,728
 $2,037
 $2,192
      
Reconciliation of Reported Net Income to Adjusted Net Income     
Reported Net Income$983
 $1,158
 $1,253
Special Items included in Net Income(63) (68) (69)
Adjusted Net Income$920
 $1,090
 $1,184
      
Reconciliation of Reported Earnings Per Diluted Share to Adjusted Earnings Per Diluted Share     
Reported Earnings Per Diluted Share$3.42
 $3.98
 $4.22
Special Items included in Earnings Per Diluted Share(0.22) (0.23) (0.23)
Adjusted Earnings Per Diluted Share$3.20
 $3.74
 $3.99
 ________________
(a)In the first quarter of 2016, we made strategic changes within the Victoria’s Secret segment designed to focus the brand on its core merchandise categories and streamline operations. As a result of these changes, we recorded charges related to severance and related costs, fabric cancellations and catalogue paper write-offs. For additional information see Note 5, "Restructuring Activities" included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
(b)In the second quarter of 2016, we received a $124 million cash distribution from Easton Town Center, LLC resulting in a pre-tax gain of $108 million (after-tax gain of $70 million). For additional information see Note 9, "Equity Investments and Other" included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
(c)In the fourth quarter of 2017, we redeemed our $500 million 8.50% Senior Unsecured Notes due June 2019 resulting in a pre-tax loss on extinguishment of $45 million (after-tax loss of $29 million). In the second quarter of 2016, we redeemed our $700 million 6.90% Senior Unsecured Notes due July 2017 resulting in a pre-tax loss on extinguishment of $36 million (after-tax loss of $22 million). For additional information see Note 12, "Long-term Debt and Borrowing Facilities" included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

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(d)In the first quarter of 2015, we divested our remaining ownership interest in our third-party apparel sourcing business. We received cash proceeds of $85 million and recognized a pre-tax gain of $78 million (after-tax gain of $69 million). For additional information see Note 9, "Equity Investments and Other" included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
(e)In the fourth quarter of 2017, we recorded a $92 million tax benefit related to changes in U.S. tax legislation. For additional information see Note 11, "Income Taxes" included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
(f)In the fourth quarter of 2016, we recorded a $42 million tax benefit related to the favorable resolution of a discrete income tax matter. For additional information see Note 11, "Income Taxes" included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
2018 Outlook
The global retail sector and our business continue to face an uncertain environment and, as a result, we will continue to manage our business thoughtfully, and we will focus on the execution of the retail fundamentals.
At the same time, we are aggressively focusing on bringing compelling merchandise assortments and marketing, store and online experiences to our customers. We will look for, and seek to capitalize on, those opportunities available to us. We believe that our brands, which lead their categories and offer high emotional content to customers at accessible prices, are well positioned heading into 2018.
Company-Owned Store Data
The following table compares 2017 company-owned store data to the comparable periods for 2016 and 2015:
 
       % Change
  
2017 2016 2015 2017 2016
Sales per Average Selling Square Foot         
Victoria’s Secret U.S.$784
 $844
 $864
 (7%) (2%)
Bath & Body Works U.S.844
 831
 815
 2% 2%
Sales per Average Store (in thousands)
 
 
 
 
Victoria’s Secret U.S.$5,003
 $5,288
 $5,300
 (5%) %
Bath & Body Works U.S.2,107
 2,010
 1,933
 5% 4%
Average Store Size (selling square feet)
 
 
 
 
Victoria’s Secret U.S.6,415
 6,349
 6,187
 1% 3%
Bath & Body Works U.S.2,532
 2,459
 2,382
 3% 3%
Total Selling Square Feet (in thousands)
 
 
 
 
Victoria’s Secret U.S.7,210
 7,181
 6,917
 % 4%
Bath & Body Works U.S.4,032
 3,912
 3,749
 3 % 4 %


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The following table represents company-owned store data for 2017:
 Stores Operating at     Stores Operating at
 January 28, 2017 Opened Closed February 3, 2018
Victoria’s Secret U.S.1,131
 13
 (20) 1,124
Victoria’s Secret Canada46
 2
 (2) 46
Total Victoria's Secret1,177
 15
 (22) 1,170
Bath & Body Works U.S.1,591
 32
 (31) 1,592
Bath & Body Works Canada102
 
 
 102
Total Bath & Body Works1,693
 32
 (31) 1,694
Victoria's Secret U.K. / Ireland18
 6
 
 24
Victoria's Secret Beauty and Accessories31
 4
 (6) 29
Victoria's Secret China
 7
 
 7
Total Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works International49
 17
 (6) 60
Henri Bendel29
 
 (2) 27
La Senza U.S.4
 1
 
 5
La Senza Canada122
 1
 (4) 119
Total L Brands Stores3,074
 66
 (65) 3,075

The following table represents company-owned store data for 2016:
 Stores Operating at       Stores Operating at
 January 30, 2016 Opened Acquired (a) Closed January 28, 2017
Victoria’s Secret U.S.1,118
 23
 
 (10) 1,131
Victoria’s Secret Canada46
 
 
 
 46
Total Victoria's Secret1,164
 23
 
 (10) 1,177
Bath & Body Works U.S.1,574
 30
 
 (13) 1,591
Bath & Body Works Canada98
 5
 
 (1) 102
Total Bath & Body Works1,672
 35
 
 (14) 1,693
Victoria's Secret U.K.14
 4
 
 
 18
Victoria's Secret Beauty and Accessories
 6
 26
 (1) 31
Total Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works International14
 10
 26
 (1) 49
Henri Bendel29
 
 
 
 29
La Senza U.S.
 4
 
 
 4
La Senza Canada126
 
 
 (4) 122
Total L Brands Stores3,005
 72
 26
 (29) 3,074
_______________
(a)    Relates to the acquisition of Victoria's Secret Beauty and Accessories franchise stores in Greater China. For additional
information see Note 4, "Acquisition" included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

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The following table represents company-owned store data for 2015:
 Stores Operating at     Stores Operating at
 January 31, 2015 Opened Closed January 30, 2016
Victoria’s Secret U.S.1,098
 28
 (8) 1,118
Victoria’s Secret Canada41
 6
 (1) 46
Total Victoria's Secret1,139
 34
 (9) 1,164
Bath & Body Works U.S.1,558
 23
 (7) 1,574
Bath & Body Works Canada88
 10
 
 98
Total Bath & Body Works1,646
 33
 (7) 1,672
Victoria's Secret U.K.10
 4
 
 14
Total Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works International10
 4
 
 14
Henri Bendel29
 
 
 29
La Senza Canada145
 1
 (20) 126
Total L Brands Stores2,969
 72
 (36) 3,005

Noncompany-Owned Store Data
The following table represents noncompany-owned store data for 2017:
 Stores Operating at     Stores Operating at
 January 28, 2017 Opened Closed February 3, 2018
Victoria’s Secret Beauty & Accessories391
 34
 (28) 397
Victoria's Secret28
 9
 
 37
Bath & Body Works159
 28
 (2) 185
La Senza203
 4
 (13) 194
Total781
 75
 (43) 813
The following table represents noncompany-owned store data for 2016:
 Stores Operating at       Stores Operating at
 January 30, 2016 Opened Closed Transferred (a) January 28, 2017
Victoria’s Secret Beauty & Accessories373
 56
 (12) (26) 391
Victoria's Secret19
 9
 
 
 28
Bath & Body Works125
 36
 (2) 
 159
La Senza221
 6
 (24) 
 203
Total738
 107
 (38) (26) 781
_______________
(a)    Relates to the acquisition of Victoria's Secret Beauty and Accessories franchise stores in Greater China. For additional
information see Note 4, "Acquisition" included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.


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The following table represents noncompany-owned store data for 2015:
 Stores Operating at     Stores Operating at
 January 31, 2015 Opened Closed January 30, 2016
Victoria’s Secret Beauty & Accessories290
 88
 (5) 373
Victoria's Secret14
 5
 
 19
Bath & Body Works80
 47
 (2) 125
La Senza266
 5
 (50) 221
Total650
 145
 (57) 738

Results of Operations—2017 Compared to 2016
We utilize the retail calendar for reporting. As such, the results for fiscal 2017 represent the 53-week period ended February 3, 2018, and the results for 2016 represent the 52-week period ended January 28, 2017. The extra week accounted for approximately $160 million in incremental net sales and an estimated $46 million in incremental operating income in 2017.
Operating Income
The following table provides our segment operating income (loss) and operating income rates (expressed as a percentage of net sales) for 2017 in comparison to 2016:
     Operating Income Rate
 2017
2016 2017 2016
 (in millions)    
Victoria’s Secret$932
 $1,173
 12.6% 15.1%
Bath & Body Works953
 907
 23.0% 23.6%
Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works International5
 40
 1.0% 9.4%
Other (a)(162) (117) (27.1)% (22.6)%
Total Operating Income$1,728
 $2,003
 13.7% 15.9%
 ________________
(a)Includes Mast Global, La Senza, Henri Bendel and Corporate.
For 2017, operating income decreased $275 million to $1.728 billion, and the operating income rate decreased to 13.7% from 15.9%. The drivers of the operating income results are discussed in the following sections.
Net Sales
The following table provides net sales for 2017 in comparison to 2016:
 2017 2016 % Change
 (in millions)  
Victoria’s Secret Stores (a)$5,879
 $6,199
 (5%)
Victoria’s Secret Direct1,508
 1,582
 (5%)
Total Victoria’s Secret7,387
 7,781
 (5%)
Bath & Body Works Stores (a)3,589
 3,400
 6%
Bath & Body Works Direct559
 452
 24%
Total Bath & Body Works4,148
 3,852
 8%
Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works International502
 423
 19%
Other (b)595
 518
 15%
Total Net Sales$12,632
 $12,574
 %
________________
(a)Includes company-owned stores in the U.S. and Canada.
(b)Includes Mast Global, La Senza, Henri Bendel and Corporate.

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The following table provides a reconciliation of net sales for 2016 to 2017:
 
Victoria’s
Secret
 
Bath &
Body Works
 
Victoria’s Secret
and
Bath & Body
Works
International
 Other Total
  
2016 Net Sales$7,781
 $3,852
 $423
 $518
 $12,574
Comparable Store Sales(472) 73
 (15) (7) (421)
Sales Associated with New, Closed and Non-comparable Remodeled Stores, Net146
 110
 64
 3
 323
Foreign Currency Translation6
 6
 (3) 5
 14
Direct Channels(74) 107
 25
 13
 71
International Wholesale, Royalty and Other
 
 8
 63
 71
2017 Net Sales$7,387
 $4,148
 $502
 $595
 $12,632

The following table compares 2017 comparable sales to 2016:
 2017 2016
Comparable Sales (Stores and Direct) (a)   
Victoria's Secret (b)(8)%  %
Bath & Body Works (b)5 % 6 %
Total Comparable Sales(3)% 2 %
    
Comparable Store Sales (a)   
Victoria’s Secret (b)(8)% (1)%
Bath & Body Works (b)2 % 3 %
Total Comparable Store Sales(4)% 1 %
 ________________
(a)The percentage change in comparable sales represents direct and comparable store sales. The percentage change in comparable store sales represents the change in sales at comparable stores only and excludes the change in sales from our direct channels. A store is typically included in the calculation of comparable sales when it has been open or owned 12 months or more and it has not had a change in selling square footage of 20% or more. Additionally, stores of a given brand are excluded if total selling square footage for the brand in the mall changes by 20% or more through the opening or closing of a second store. The percentage change in comparable sales are calculated on a comparable calendar period. Therefore, the percentage change in comparable sales for 2017 was calculated on a 53-to-53-week basis and the percentage change in comparable sales for 2016 was calculated on a 52-to-52-week basis. Comparable sales attributable to our international stores are calculated on a constant currency basis.
(b)Includes company-owned stores in the U.S. and Canada.
The results by segment are as follows:
Victoria’s Secret
For 2017, net sales decreased $394 million to $7.387 billion, comparable sales and comparable store sales both decreased 8%. Net sales decreased primarily due to strategic decisions to exit the swim and apparel categories, a decline in core bra sales and a decline in panties as we reposition the category. These results were partially offset by increases in PINK, sport and beauty driven by merchandise assortment that incorporated newness, innovation and fashion.
The decrease in comparable store sales was driven primarily by a decrease in total transactions due to reduced traffic, impacted significantly by the exit of certain categories.

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Bath & Body Works
For 2017, net sales increased $296 million to $4.148 billion, comparable sales increased 5% and comparable store sales increased 2%. Net sales increased in the home fragrance and body care categories, which incorporated newness, innovation and fashion.
The increase in comparable store sales was primarily driven by higher average unit retail.
Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works International
For 2017, net sales increased $79 million to $502 million primarily related to new company-owned Victoria's Secret stores and direct channel growth in Greater China and additional stores opened by our partners.
Other
For 2017, net sales increased $77 million to $595 million primarily due to an increase in wholesale sales to our international partners.
Gross Profit
For 2017, our gross profit decreased $166 million to $4.959 billion, and our gross profit rate (expressed as a percentage of net sales) decreased to 39.3% from 40.8% primarily as a result of:
Victoria’s Secret
For 2017, the gross profit decrease was driven by lower merchandise margin dollars related to the decrease in net sales.
The gross profit rate decrease was driven by deleverage of buying and occupancy expenses on lower sales and a lower merchandise margin rate primarily due to increased promotional activity, partially offset by lower catalogue costs and other cost reductions.
Bath & Body Works
For 2017, the gross profit increase was driven by higher merchandise margin dollars related to the increase in net sales, partially offset by higher occupancy expenses due to investments in store real estate.
The gross profit rate decrease was driven by a decrease in the merchandise margin rate primarily due to increased promotional activity, mix of category sales and channel mix.
Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works International
For 2017, the gross profit increase was driven by increased merchandise margin dollars related to higher net sales in Greater China and additional stores opened by our partners. These increases were partially offset by higher occupancy expenses due to investments in store real estate in Greater China and at Victoria's Secret U.K.
The gross profit rate decrease was driven by an increase in occupancy expenses due to investments in store real estate in Greater China and at Victoria's Secret U.K.
General, Administrative and Store Operating Expenses
For 2017, our general, administrative and store operating expenses increased $109 million to $3.231 billion primarily driven by an increase in marketing expenses due to increased direct mail at Victoria's Secret, higher selling expenses at Bath & Body Works and in Greater China due to the increase in net sales, and as a result of our investment in Greater China. These increases were partially offset by lower selling expenses related to lower sales volumes at Victoria's Secret and severance charges recorded in the first quarter of 2016 related to the Victoria's Secret restructuring.
The general, administrative and store operating expense rate increased to 25.6% from 24.8% primarily due to increased marketing expenses.

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Other Income and Expenses
Interest Expense
The following table provides the average daily borrowings and average borrowing rates for 2017 and 2016:
 2017 2016
Average daily borrowings (in millions)$5,827
 $5,827
Average borrowing rate (in percentages)7.0% 6.8%

For 2017, our interest expense increased $12 million to $406 million due to a higher average borrowing rate and the impact of the extra week in 2017.
Other Income (Loss)
For 2017, our other income (loss) decreased $97 million to a $10 million loss. Activity in 2016 included a distribution received from Easton Town Center, LLC resulting in a pre-tax gain of $108 million, partially offset by a $36 million pre-tax loss on extinguishment of the 2017 Notes. In 2017, we recognized a $45 million pre-tax loss on extinguishment of the 2019 Notes, partially offset by gains related to distributions from certain of our Easton investments.
Provision for Income Taxes
For 2017, our effective tax rate decreased to 25.1% from 31.7%. The 2017 rate was lower than our combined estimated federal and state statutory rate primarily due to the benefit related to changes in U.S. tax legislation. The 2016 rate was lower than our combined estimated federal and state statutory rate primarily due to the resolution of certain tax matters.
Results of Operations—Fourth Quarter of 2017 Compared to Fourth Quarter of 2016
We utilize the retail calendar for reporting. As such, the results for the fourth quarter of 2017 represent the 14-week period ended February 3, 2018, and the results for the fourth quarter of 2016 represent the 13-week period ended January 28, 2017. The extra week accounted for approximately $160 million in incremental net sales and an estimated $46 million in incremental operating income in 2017.
Operating Income
The following table provides our segment operating income (loss) and operating income rates (expressed as a percentage of net sales) for the fourth quarter of 2017 in comparison to the fourth quarter of 2016:
 Fourth Quarter Operating Income Rate
 2017 2016 2017 2016
 (in millions)    
Victoria’s Secret$457
 $494
 17.1% 19.1%
Bath & Body Works557
 502
 31.0% 31.0%
Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works International4
 10
 2.3% 8.3%
Other (a)(31) (18) (16.1)% (11.7)%
Total Operating Income$987
 $988
 20.5% 22.0%
 ________________
(a)Includes Mast Global, La Senza, Henri Bendel and Corporate.
For the fourth quarter of 2017, operating income decreased $1 million to $987 million, and the operating income rate decreased to 20.5% from 22.0%. The drivers of the operating income results are discussed in the following sections.

30


Net Sales
The following table provides net sales for the fourth quarter of 2017 in comparison to the fourth quarter of 2016:
Fourth Quarter 2017 2016 % Change
  (in millions)  
Victoria’s Secret Stores (a) $2,038
 $2,063
 (1%)
Victoria’s Secret Direct 631
 526
 20%
Total Victoria’s Secret 2,669
 2,589
 3%
Bath & Body Works Stores (a) 1,545
 1,422
 9%
Bath & Body Works Direct 249
 198
 26%
Total Bath & Body Works 1,794
 1,620
 11%
Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works International 170
 124
 37%
Other (b) 190
 156
 21 %
Total Net Sales $4,823
 $4,489
 7%
 ________________
(a)Includes company-owned stores in the U.S. and Canada.
(b)Includes Mast Global, La Senza, Henri Bendel and Corporate.
The following table provides a reconciliation of net sales for the fourth quarter of 2017 to the fourth quarter of 2016: 
Fourth Quarter 
Victoria’s
Secret
 
Bath & Body
Works
 
Victoria’s Secret
and
Bath & Body
Works
International
 Other Total
  (in millions)
2016 Net Sales $2,589
 $1,620
 $124
 $156
 $4,489
Comparable Store Sales (116) 52
 (8) (2) (74)
Sales Associated with New, Closed and Non-comparable Remodeled Stores, Net 87
 66
 24
 3
 180
Foreign Currency Translation 4
 5
 5
 3
 17
Direct Channels 105
 51
 14
 6
 176
International, Wholesale, Royalty and Other 
 
 11
 24
 35
2017 Net Sales $2,669
 $1,794
 $170
 $190
 $4,823

The following table compares fourth quarter of 2017 comparable sales to fourth quarter of 2016:
Fourth Quarter 2017 2016
Comparable Sales (Stores and Direct) (a)    
Victoria's Secret (b) (1)% (3)%
Bath & Body Works (b) 6 % 5 %
Total Comparable Sales 2 %  %
     
Comparable Store Sales (a)    
Victoria’s Secret (b) (6)% (2)%
Bath & Body Works (b) 4 % 2 %
Total Comparable Store Sales (2)%  %
 ________________
(a)The percentage change in comparable sales represents direct and comparable store sales. The percentage change in comparable store sales represents the change in sales at comparable stores only and excludes the change in sales from our direct channels. A store is typically included in the calculation of comparable sales when it has been open or owned 12 months or more and it has not had a change in selling square footage of 20% or more. Additionally, stores of a given brand are excluded if total selling square footage for the brand in the mall changes by 20% or more through the opening or closing of a second store. The percentage change in comparable sales are calculated on a comparable calendar period. Therefore, the percentage change in comparable sales for 2017 was calculated on a 14-to-14-week

31


basis and the percentage change in comparable sales for 2016 was calculated on a 13-to-13-week basis. Comparable sales attributable to our international stores are calculated on a constant currency basis.
(b)Includes company-owned stores in the U.S. and Canada.
The results by segment are as follows:
Victoria’s Secret
For the fourth quarter of 2017, net sales increased $80 million to $2.669 billion, comparable sales decreased 1%, and comparable store sales decreased 6%. Net sales increased in PINK, beauty and sport apparel driven by merchandise assortment that incorporated newness, innovation and fashion. These results were partially offset by a decrease in lingerie sales driven by a decline in unconstructed and sport bra performance.
The decrease in comparable store sales was driven primarily by lower traffic and lower average unit retail.
Bath & Body Works
For the fourth quarter of 2017, net sales increased $174 million to $1.794 billion, comparable sales increased 6%, and comparable store sales increased 4%. Net sales increased in the home fragrance and body care categories, which incorporated newness, innovation and fashion.
The increase in comparable store sales was driven by higher average unit retail.
Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works International
For the fourth quarter of 2017, net sales increased $46 million to $170 million, primarily related to new company-owned Victoria's Secret stores and direct channel growth in Greater China and additional stores opened by our partners.
Other
For the fourth quarter of 2017, net sales increased $34 million to $190 million primarily due to an increase in wholesale sales to our international partners.
Gross Profit
For the fourth quarter of 2017, our gross profit increased $96 million to $2.040 billion, and our gross profit rate (expressed as a percentage of net sales) decreased to 42.3% from 43.3% primarily as a result of:
Victoria’s Secret
For the fourth quarter of 2017, the gross profit increase was driven by higher merchandise margin dollars related to the increase in net sales, partially offset by an increase in distribution and fulfillment expenses related to higher direct channel sales.
The gross profit rate decrease was driven by a decrease in the merchandise margin rate primarily due to increased promotional activity.
Bath & Body Works
For the fourth quarter of 2017, the gross profit increase was driven by higher merchandise margin dollars related to the increase in net sales, partially offset by higher occupancy expenses due to investments in store real estate and distribution and fulfillment expenses related to higher direct channel sales.
The gross profit rate decrease was driven by a decrease in the merchandise margin rate primarily due to increased promotional activity, partially offset by leverage of buying and occupancy expenses on higher sales.
Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works International
For the fourth quarter of 2017, the gross profit increase was driven by increased merchandise margin dollars related to higher net sales in Greater China and additional stores opened by our partners, partially offset by higher occupancy expenses due to investments in store real estate in Greater China and at Victoria's Secret U.K.
The gross profit rate decrease was driven by an increase in occupancy expenses due to investments in store real estate in Greater China and at Victoria's Secret U.K.

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General, Administrative and Store Operating Expenses
For the fourth quarter of 2017, our general, administrative and store operating expenses increased $97 million to $1.053 billion driven by higher selling expenses due to higher sales volumes and an increase in marketing expenses primarily due to increased direct mail at Victoria's Secret.
The general, administrative and store operating expense rate increased to 21.8% from 21.3% primarily due to increased marketing expenses.
Other Income and Expense
Interest Expense
The following table provides the average daily borrowings and average borrowing rates for the fourth quarter of 2017 and 2016:
Fourth Quarter 2017 2016
Average daily borrowings (in millions) $5,893
 $5,779
Average borrowing rate (in percentages) 6.9% 6.9%

For the fourth quarter of 2017, our interest expense increased $8 million to $106 million due to the impact of the extra week in 2017 and an increase in average daily borrowings.
Other Income (Loss)
For the fourth quarter of 2017, our other income (loss) decreased $42 million to a $38 million loss primarily driven by a $45 million pre-tax loss on extinguishment of the 2019 Notes.
Provision for Income Taxes
For the fourth quarter of 2017, our effective tax rate decreased to 21.1% from 29.2%. The 2017 rate was lower than our combined estimated federal and state statutory rate primarily due to the benefit related to changes in U.S. tax legislation. The 2016 rate was lower than our combined estimated federal and state statutory rate primarily due to the resolution of certain tax matters.
Results of Operations—2016 Compared to 2015
Operating Income
The following table provides our segment operating income (loss) and operating income rates (expressed as a percentage of net sales) for 2016 in comparison to 2015:
     Operating Income Rate
 2016 2015 2016 2015
 (in millions)    
Victoria’s Secret$1,173
 $1,391
 15.1% 18.1%
Bath & Body Works907
 858
 23.6% 23.9%
Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works International40
 88
 9.4% 22.8%
Other (a)(117) (145) (22.6)% (28.5)%
Total Operating Income$2,003
 $2,192
 15.9% 18.0%
 ________________
(a)Includes Mast Global, La Senza, Henri Bendel and Corporate.
For 2016, operating income decreased $189 million to $2.003 billion, and the operating income rate decreased to 15.9% from 18.0%. The drivers of the operating income results are discussed in the following sections.

33


Net Sales
The following table provides net sales for 2016 in comparison to 2015:
 2016 2015 % Change
 (in millions)  
Victoria’s Secret Stores (a)$6,199
 $6,112
 1%
Victoria’s Secret Direct1,582
 1,560
 1%
Total Victoria’s Secret7,781
 7,672
 1%
Bath & Body Works Stores (a)3,400
 3,225
 5%
Bath & Body Works Direct452
 362
 25%
Total Bath & Body Works3,852
 3,587
 7%
Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works International423
 385
 10%
Other (b)518
 510
 2%
Total Net Sales$12,574
 $12,154
 3%
________________
(a)Includes company-owned stores in the U.S. and Canada.
(b)Includes Mast Global, La Senza, Henri Bendel and Corporate.
The following table provides a reconciliation of net sales for 2015 to 2016:
 
Victoria’s
Secret
 
Bath &
Body Works
 
Victoria’s Secret
and
Bath & Body
Works
International
 Other Total
  
2015 Net Sales$7,672
 $3,587
 $385
 $510
 $12,154
Comparable Store Sales(46) 95
 2
 3
 54
Sales Associated with New, Closed and Non-comparable Remodeled Stores, Net136
 82
 65
 (5) 278
Foreign Currency Translation(3) (2) (21) (3) (29)
Direct Channels22
 90
 
 11
 123
International Wholesale, Royalty and Other
 
 (8) 2
 (6)
2016 Net Sales$7,781
 $3,852
 $423
 $518
 $12,574

The following table compares 2016 comparable sales to 2015:
 2016 2015
Comparable Sales (Stores and Direct) (a)   
Victoria's Secret (b) % 5%
Bath & Body Works (b)6 % 7%
Total Comparable Sales2 % 5%
    
Comparable Store Sales (a)   
Victoria’s Secret (b)(1)% 5%
Bath & Body Works (b)3 % 5%
Total Comparable Store Sales1 % 5%
 ________________
(a)The percentage change in comparable sales represents direct and comparable store sales. The percentage change in comparable store sales represents the change in sales at comparable stores only and excludes the change in sales from our direct channels. A store is typically included in the calculation of comparable sales when it has been open or owned 12 months or more and it has not had a change in selling square footage of 20% or more. Additionally, stores of a given brand are excluded if total selling square footage for the brand in the mall changes by 20% or more through the opening or closing of a second store. Comparable sales attributable to our international stores are calculated on a constant currency basis.

34


(b)Includes company-owned stores in the U.S. and Canada.
The results by segment are as follows:
Victoria’s Secret
For 2016, net sales increased $109 million to $7.781 billion, comparable sales remained flat, and comparable store sales decreased 1%.  Net sales increased primarily due to increases in PINK and sport, driven by a compelling merchandise assortment that incorporated newness, innovation and fashion. These results were partially offset by decreases in swim and apparel due to a strategic decision to exit these categories, core bras due to lower average unit retail prices, and beauty as we reposition the category.
The decrease in comparable store sales was driven by a lower average unit retail and the impact of exited categories.
Bath & Body Works
For 2016, net sales increased $265 million to $3.852 billion, comparable sales increased 6%, and comparable store sales increased 3%. Net sales increased in most categories, including home fragrance and body care, which incorporated newness, innovation, and fashion.
The increase in comparable store sales was primarily driven by a higher average unit retail.
Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works International
For 2016, net sales increased $38 million to $423 million primarily related to newly acquired Victoria's Secret Beauty and Accessories stores in Greater China, company-owned Victoria's Secret stores in the U.K. and additional stores opened by our partners. These results were partially offset by softness in the Victoria's Secret Beauty and Accessories business and the negative impacts of foreign currency.
Other
For 2016, net sales increased $8 million to $518 million primarily due to increases in our La Senza and Henri Bendel direct channels, partially offset by store closures and the negative impacts of foreign currency at La Senza.
Gross Profit
For 2016, our gross profit decreased $79 million to $5.125 billion, and our gross profit rate (expressed as a percentage of net sales) decreased to 40.8% from 42.8% primarily as a result of:
Victoria’s Secret
For 2016, the gross profit decrease was primarily driven by a decline in merchandise margin due to clearance activity on non-go forward merchandise categories, promotions and pricing to drive trial in beauty and other key categories and fabric cancellations related to restructuring activities. Offsetting the merchandise margin decline, buying and occupancy expenses decreased primarily driven by a decrease in catalogue costs and other cost reductions from strategic actions taken in the first quarter, partially offset by an increase in occupancy expenses due to investments in store real estate.
The gross profit rate decrease was driven primarily by increases in the promotional and clearance activity described above, the expenses related to the restructuring activities and investments in store real estate, partially offset by lower buying and occupancy expenses due to decreased catalogue costs.
Bath & Body Works
For 2016, the gross profit increase was primarily driven by higher merchandise margin dollars related to the increase in net sales. The increase in merchandise margin was partially offset by higher occupancy expenses due to investments in store real estate.
The gross profit rate decrease was driven by an increase in occupancy expenses primarily due to investments in store real estate.
Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works International
For 2016, the gross profit decrease was primarily due to higher occupancy expenses driven by investments in store real estate in Greater China and the U.K., lower merchandise margin dollars at Victoria's Secret Beauty and Accessories due to business

35


performance, and the negative impacts of foreign currency. These decreases were partially offset by increased merchandise margin dollars generated from higher net sales.
The gross profit rate decrease was driven by higher occupancy expenses due to investments in store real estate, a decrease in merchandise margin rate at Victoria's Secret Beauty and Accessories and the negative impacts of foreign currency.
General, Administrative and Store Operating Expenses
For 2016, our general, administrative and store operating expenses increased $110 million to $3.122 billion primarily driven by increased store selling expenses related to higher sales volume and investments in selling to improve the customer experience, increased marketing to drive traffic, severance charges related to the Victoria's Secret restructuring activities, and corporate expenses in Greater China, partially offset by lower incentive compensation expense.
Other Income and Expenses
Interest Expense
The following table provides the average daily borrowings and average borrowing rates for 2016 and 2015:
 2016 2015
Average daily borrowings (in millions)$5,827
 $5,005
Average borrowing rate (in percentages)6.8% 6.7%

For 2016, our interest expense increased $60 million to $394 million primarily due to an increase in average borrowings related to the October 2015 $1 billion issuance of our 2035 Notes, as well as an increase in the average borrowing rate.
Other Income (Loss)
For 2016, our other income (loss) increased $11 million to $87 million primarily driven by a distribution received from Easton Town Center, LLC resulting in a gain of $108 million, partially offset by a $36 million loss on extinguishment of the 2017 Notes. In 2015, we recognized a gain of $78 million due to the divestiture of our remaining ownership interest in the third-party apparel sourcing business.
Provision for Income Taxes
For 2016, our effective tax rate decreased to 31.7% from 35.2%. The 2016 rate was lower than our combined estimated federal and state statutory rate primarily due to the resolution of certain tax matters. The 2015 rate was lower than our combined estimated federal and state statutory rate primarily due to foreign earnings taxed at a rate lower than our combined estimated federal and state statutory rate.
Results of Operations—Fourth Quarter of 2016 Compared to Fourth Quarter of 2015    
Operating Income
The following table provides our segment operating income (loss) and operating income rates (expressed as a percentage of net sales) for the fourth quarter of 2016 in comparison to the fourth quarter of 2015:
 Fourth Quarter Operating Income Rate
 2016 2015 2016 2015
 (in millions)    
Victoria’s Secret$494
 $594
 19.1% 22.7%
Bath & Body Works502
 487
 31.0% 32.1%
Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works International10
 28
 8.3% 25.0%
Other (a)(18) (31) (11.7)% (20.7)%
Total Operating Income$988
 $1,078
 22.0% 24.5%
 ________________
(a)Includes Mast Global, La Senza, Henri Bendel and Corporate.
For the fourth quarter of 2016, operating income decreased $90 million to $988 million, and the operating income rate decreased to 22.0% from 24.5%. The drivers of the operating income results are discussed in the following sections.

36


Net Sales
The following table provides net sales for the fourth quarter of 2016 in comparison to the fourth quarter of 2015:
Fourth Quarter 2016 2015 % Change
  (in millions)  
Victoria’s Secret Stores (a) $2,063
 $2,047
 1%
Victoria’s Secret Direct 526
 567
 (7%)
Total Victoria’s Secret 2,589
 2,614
 (1%)
Bath & Body Works Stores (a) 1,422
 1,362
 4%
Bath & Body Works Direct 198
 158
 25%
Total Bath & Body Works 1,620
 1,520
 7%
Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works International 124
 112
 10%
Other (b) 156
 149
 5 %
Total Net Sales $4,489
 $4,395
 2%
 ________________
(a)Includes company-owned stores in the U.S. and Canada.
(b)Includes Mast Global, La Senza, Henri Bendel and Corporate.
The following table provides a reconciliation of net sales for the fourth quarter of 2016 to the fourth quarter of 2015: 
Fourth Quarter 
Victoria’s
Secret
 
Bath & Body
Works
 
Victoria’s Secret
and
Bath & Body
Works
International
 Other Total
  (in millions)
2015 Net Sales $2,614
 $1,520
 $112
 $149
 $4,395
Comparable Store Sales (38) 25
 
 (1) (14)
Sales Associated with New, Closed and Non-comparable Remodeled Stores, Net 52
 33
 25
 
 110
Foreign Currency Translation 2
 2
 (9) 1
 (4)
Direct Channels (41) 40
 
 4
 3
International, Wholesale, Royalty and Other 
 
 (4) 3
 (1)
2016 Net Sales $2,589
 $1,620
 $124
 $156
 $4,489


The following table compares fourth quarter of 2016 comparable sales to fourth quarter of 2015:
Fourth Quarter 2016 2015
Comparable Sales (Stores and Direct) (a)    
Victoria's Secret (b) (3)% 7%
Bath & Body Works (b) 5 % 7%
Total Comparable Sales  % 8%
     
Comparable Store Sales (a)    
Victoria’s Secret (b) (2)% 5%
Bath & Body Works (b) 2 % 6%
Total Comparable Store Sales  % 6%
 ________________
(a)The percentage change in comparable sales represents direct and comparable store sales. The percentage change in comparable store sales represents the change in sales at comparable stores only and excludes the change in sales from our direct channels. A store is typically included in the calculation of comparable sales when it has been open or owned 12 months or more and it has not had a change in selling square footage of 20% or more. Additionally, stores of a given brand are excluded if total selling square footage for the brand in the mall changes by 20% or more through

37


the opening or closing of a second store. Comparable sales attributable to our international stores are calculated on a constant currency basis.
(b)Includes company-owned stores in the U.S. and Canada.
The results by segment are as follows:
Victoria’s Secret
For the fourth quarter of 2016, net sales decreased $25 million to $2.589 billion, comparable sales decreased 3%, and comparable store sales decreased 2%. Net sales decreased primarily driven by a decline in total core bra sales due to lower average unit retail prices and decreases in swim and apparel due to a strategic decision to exit these categories. These results were partially offset by increases in PINK, sport and beauty driven by compelling merchandise assortment that incorporated newness, innovation and fashion.
The decrease in comparable store sales was driven by a lower average unit retail and the impact of exited categories.
Bath & Body Works
For the fourth quarter of 2016, net sales increased $100 million to $1.620 billion, comparable sales increased 5%, and comparable store sales increased 2%. Net sales increased in most categories, including home fragrance and body care which incorporated newness, innovation, and fashion.
The increase in comparable store sales was primarily driven by a higher average unit retail.
Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works International
For the fourth quarter of 2016, net sales increased $12 million to $124 million, primarily related to newly acquired Victoria's Secret Beauty and Accessories stores in Greater China, company-owned Victoria's Secret stores in the U.K. and additional stores opened by our partners. These results were partially offset by softness in the Victoria's Secret Beauty and Accessories business and the negative impacts of foreign currency at Victoria's Secret U.K.
Other
For the fourth quarter of 2016, net sales increased $7 million to $156 million primarily due to increases in our La Senza and Henri Bendel direct channels, partially offset by store closures at La Senza.
Gross Profit
For the fourth quarter of 2016, our gross profit decreased $58 million to $1.944 billion, and our gross profit rate (expressed as a percentage of net sales) decreased to 43.3% from 45.6% primarily as a result of:
Victoria’s Secret
For the fourth quarter of 2016, the gross profit decrease was driven by a decline in merchandise margin primarily due to promotional events to drive traffic and proactively manage inventory and a decline in beauty as we reposition the category. Buying and occupancy expenses decreased primarily driven by a decrease in catalogue costs and other cost reductions from strategic actions taken in the first quarter, partially offset by an increase in occupancy expenses due to investments in store real estate.
The gross profit rate decrease was driven primarily by increases in the promotional and clearance activity described above, partially offset by lower buying and occupancy expenses due to decreased catalogue costs.
Bath & Body Works
For the fourth quarter of 2016, the gross profit increase was driven by higher merchandise margin dollars primarily related to the increase in net sales. The increase in merchandise margin was partially offset by an increase in occupancy expenses due to investments in store real estate.
The gross profit rate decrease was driven by an increase in occupancy expenses primarily due to investments in store real estate.
Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works International
For the fourth quarter of 2016, the gross profit decrease was driven by higher occupancy expenses due to investments in store real estate in Greater China and the U.K., softness in the Victoria's Secret Beauty and Accessories business and the negative

38


impacts of foreign currency on merchandise margin at Victoria's Secret U.K. These decreases were partially offset by increased merchandise margin dollars generated from higher net sales.
The gross profit rate decrease was driven by an increase in occupancy expenses due to investments in store real estate, a decrease in the merchandise margin rate at Victoria's Secret Beauty and Accessories and the negative impacts of foreign currency at Victoria's Secret U.K.
General, Administrative and Store Operating Expenses
For the fourth quarter of 2016, our general, administrative and store operating expenses increased $32 million to $956 million primarily driven by increased store selling expenses related to higher sales volume and investments in selling to improve the customer experience, increased marketing to drive traffic and corporate expenses in Greater China, partially offset by lower incentive compensation expense.
The general, administrative and store operating expense rate increased to 21.3% from 21.0% due to store selling, marketing and our investment in China, partially offset by a reduction in incentive compensation expense.
Other Income and Expense
Interest Expense
The following table provides the average daily borrowings and average borrowing rates for the fourth quarter of 2016 and 2015:
Fourth Quarter 2016 2015
Average daily borrowings (in millions) $5,779
 $5,756
Average borrowing rate (in percentages) 6.9% 6.8%

For the fourth quarter of 2016, our interest expense increased $1 million to $98 million primarily due to an increase in the average borrowing rate.
Provision for Income Taxes
For the fourth quarter of 2016, our effective tax rate decreased to 29.2% from 35.2%. The 2016 rate was lower than our combined estimated federal and state statutory rate primarily due to the resolution of certain tax matters. The 2015 rate was lower than our combined estimated federal and state statutory rate primarily due to foreign earnings taxed at a rate lower than our combined estimated federal and state statutory rate.

FINANCIAL CONDITION
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Liquidity, or access to cash, is an important factor in determining our financial stability. We are committed to maintaining adequate liquidity. Cash generated from our operating activities provides the primary resources to support current operations, growth initiatives, seasonal funding requirements and capital expenditures. Our cash provided from operations is impacted by our net income and working capital changes. Our net income is impacted by, among other things, sales volume, seasonal sales patterns, success of new product introductions, profit margins and income taxes. Historically, sales are higher during the fourth quarter of the fiscal year due to seasonal and holiday-related sales patterns. Generally, our need for working capital peaks during the summer and fall months as inventory builds in anticipation of the holiday period. The majority of our cash and cash equivalents are held by domestic subsidiaries. Our cash and cash equivalents held by foreign subsidiaries were $348 million as of February 3, 2018.
We believe in returning value to our shareholders through a combination of dividends and share repurchase programs. During 2017, we paid $686 million in regular dividends and repurchased $445 million of our common stock. We use cash flow generated from operating and financing activities to fund our dividends and share repurchase programs.

39


The following table provides our debt balance, net of unamortized debt issuance costs and discounts, as of February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017:
 February 3,
2018
 January 28,
2017
 (in millions)
Senior Unsecured Debt with Subsidiary Guarantee   
$1 billion, 6.875% Fixed Interest Rate Notes due November 2035 (“2035 Notes”)$990
 $989
$1 billion, 5.625% Fixed Interest Rate Notes due February 2022 (“2022 Notes”)994
 992
$1 billion, 6.625% Fixed Interest Rate Notes due April 2021 (“2021 Notes”)994
 992
$700 million, 6.75% Fixed Interest Rate Notes due July 2036 (“2036 Notes”)693
 692
$500 million, 5.625% Fixed Interest Rate Notes due October 2023 (“2023 Notes”)497
 497
$500 million, 5.25% Fixed Interest Rate Notes due February 2028 (“2028 Notes”)495
 
$500 million, 8.50% Fixed Interest Rate Notes due June 2019 (“2019 Notes”) (a)
 496
$400 million, 7.00% Fixed Interest Rate Notes due May 2020 (“2020 Notes”)398
 397
Foreign Facilities with Subsidiary Guarantee1
 
Total Senior Unsecured Debt with Subsidiary Guarantee$5,062
 $5,055
Senior Unsecured Debt   
$350 million, 6.95% Fixed Interest Rate Debentures due March 2033 (“2033 Notes”)$348
 $348
$300 million, 7.60% Fixed Interest Rate Notes due July 2037 (“2037 Notes”)297
 297
Foreign Facilities without Subsidiary Guarantee87
 36
Total Senior Unsecured Debt$732
 $681
Total$5,794
 $5,736
Current Debt(87) (36)
Total Long-term Debt, Net of Current Portion$5,707
 $5,700
_______________
(a)The balance includes a fair value interest rate hedge adjustment which increased the debt balance by $2 million as of January 28, 2017.

Issuance of Notes
In January 2018, we issued $500 million of 5.25% notes due in February 2028. The obligation to pay principal and interest on these notes is jointly and severally guaranteed on a full and unconditional basis by certain of our 100% owned subsidiaries (the “Guarantors”). The proceeds from the issuance were $495 million, which were net of issuance costs of $5 million. These issuance costs are being amortized through the maturity date of February 2028 and are included within Long-term Debt on the February 3, 2018 Consolidated Balance Sheet.

In June 2016, we issued $700 million of 6.75% notes due in July 2036. The obligation to pay principal and interest on these notes is jointly and severally guaranteed on a full and unconditional basis by the Guarantors. The proceeds from the issuance were $692 million, which were net of issuance costs of $8 million. These issuance costs are being amortized through the maturity date of July 2036 and are included within Long-term Debt on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Redemption of Notes
In January 2018, we used the proceeds from the 2028 Notes to redeem the $500 million 2019 Notes for $540 million. The pre-tax loss on extinguishment of this debt was $45 million (after-tax loss of $29 million), which includes write-offs of unamortized issuance costs and discounts and losses related to terminated interest rate swaps associated with the 2019 Notes. This loss is included in Other Income (Loss) in the 2017 Consolidated Statement of Income.

In July 2016, we used the proceeds from the 2036 Notes to redeem the $700 million 2017 Notes for $742 million. The pre-tax loss on extinguishment of this debt was $36 million (after-tax net loss of $22 million), which is net of gains of $7 million related to terminated interest rate swaps associated with the 2017 Notes. This loss is included in Other Income (Loss) in the 2016 Consolidated Statement of Income.
Revolving Facility
In May 2017, we entered into an amendment and restatement ("Amendment") of our secured revolving credit facility ("Revolving Facility"). The Amendment maintains the aggregate amount of the commitments of the lenders under the

40


Revolving Facility at $1 billion and extends the termination date from July 18, 2019 to May 11, 2022. The Amendment allows certain of our non-U.S. subsidiaries to borrow and obtain letters of credit in U.S. dollars, Canadian dollars, Euros, Hong Kong dollars or British pounds.
In addition, the Amendment reduced the commitment fees payable under the Revolving Facility, which are based on our long-term credit rating, to 0.25% per annum. The Amendment did not modify our quantitative covenant requirements, but did provide an increased limit on restricted payments in the event we do not meet the criteria to make these payments without limitation and provides greater flexibility with respect to our ability to grant liens on assets.
We incurred fees related to the Amendment of the Revolving Facility of $5 million, which were capitalized and recorded in Other Assets on the February 3, 2018 Consolidated Balance Sheet and are being amortized over the remaining term of the Revolving Facility.
The Revolving Facility fees related to committed and unutilized amounts are 0.25% per annum, and the fees related to outstanding letters of credit are 1.50% per annum. In addition, the interest rate on outstanding U.S. dollar borrowings is London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) plus 1.50% per annum. The interest rate on outstanding foreign denominated borrowings is the applicable benchmark rate plus 1.50% per annum.
The Revolving Facility contains fixed charge coverage and debt to EBITDA financial covenants. We are required to maintain a fixed charge coverage ratio of not less than 1.75 to 1.00 and a consolidated debt to consolidated EBITDA ratio not exceeding 4.00 to 1.00 for the most recent four-quarter period. In addition, the Revolving Facility provides that investments and restricted payments may be made, without limitation on amount, if (a) at the time of and after giving effect to such investment or restricted payment, the ratio of consolidated debt to consolidated EBITDA for the most recent four-quarter period is less than 3.00 to 1.00 and (b) no default or event of default exists. As of February 3, 2018, we were in compliance with both of our financial covenants, and the ratio of consolidated debt to consolidated EBITDA was less than 3.00 to 1.00.
As of February 3, 2018, there were no borrowings outstanding under the Revolving Facility.
The Revolving Facility supports our letter of credit program. We had $9 million of outstanding letters of credit as of February 3, 2018 that reduced our remaining availability under our Revolving Facility.
Foreign Facilities
In addition to the Revolving Facility, we maintain various revolving and term loan bank facilities to support our operations in Greater China ("Foreign Facilities"). These facilities allow certain of our Greater China subsidiaries to borrow and obtain letters of credit in U.S. dollars and Chinese yuan.
During the fourth quarter of 2017, we entered into a new revolving facility with availability totaling $100 million. The obligation to pay principal and interest is jointly and severally guaranteed on a full and unconditional basis by L Brands, Inc. and the Guarantors. The interest rates on outstanding borrowings are based upon the applicable benchmark rate for the currency of each borrowing. During 2017, we borrowed $1 million under this facility. This borrowing, which matures on May 11, 2022, is included within Long-term Debt on the February 3, 2018 Consolidated Balance Sheet.
We also maintain various revolving and term loan bank facilities that are guaranteed by L Brands, Inc. with availability totaling $100 million. The interest rates on outstanding borrowings are based upon the applicable benchmark rate for the currency of each borrowing. During 2017, we borrowed $95 million and made payments of $44 million under these facilities. The maximum daily amount outstanding at any point in time during 2017 was $97 million. Current borrowings on these facilities mature between February 6, 2018 and December 18, 2018 and are included within Current Debt on the February 3, 2018 Consolidated Balance Sheet.

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Working Capital and Capitalization
We believe that our available short-term and long-term capital resources are sufficient to fund foreseeable requirements.
The following table provides a summary of our working capital position and capitalization as of February 3, 2018, January 28, 2017 and January 30, 2016:
 
 February 3, 2018
 January 28, 2017
 January 30, 2016
 (in millions)
Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities (a)$1,406
 $1,990
 $2,027
Capital Expenditures707
 990
 727
Working Capital1,262
 1,451
 2,281
Capitalization:     
Long-term Debt5,707
 5,700
 5,715
Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit)(753) (729) (259)
Total Capitalization$4,954
 $4,971
 $5,456
Remaining Amounts Available Under Credit Agreements (b)$991
 $992
 $992
 ________________
(a)
As further discussed in Note 2 included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, prior year amounts have been recast to reflect the retrospective application of ASU No. 2016-09, Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting.
(b)Letters of credit issued reduce our remaining availability under the Revolving Facility. We had outstanding letters of credit that reduce our remaining availability under the Revolving Facility of $9 million as of February 3, 2018, and $8 million as of January 28, 2017 and January 30, 2016.
The following table provides certain measures of liquidity and capital resources as of February 3, 2018, January 28, 2017 and January 30, 2016:
 
 February 3, 2018
 January 28, 2017
 January 30, 2016
Debt-to-capitalization Ratio (a)115% 115% 105%
Cash Flow to Capital Investment (b)199% 201% 279%
________________
(a)Long-term debt divided by total capitalization
(b)
Net cash provided by operating activities divided by capital expenditures. As further discussed in Note 2 included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, prior year net cash provided by operating activities have been recast to reflect the retrospective application of ASU No. 2016-09, Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting.
Credit Ratings
The following table provides our credit ratings as of February 3, 2018:
 
 Moody’s S&P Fitch
CorporateBa1 BB+ BB+
Senior Unsecured Debt with Subsidiary GuaranteeBa1 BB+ BB+
Senior Unsecured DebtBa2 BB- BB
OutlookStable Stable Stable
Our borrowing costs under our Revolving Facility are linked to our credit ratings at Moody’s, S&P and Fitch. If we receive an upgrade or downgrade to our corporate credit ratings by Moody’s, S&P or Fitch, the borrowing costs could decrease or increase, respectively. The guarantees of our obligations under the Revolving Facility by the Guarantors and the security interests granted in our and the Guarantors’ collateral securing such obligations are released if our credit ratings are higher than a certain level. Additionally, the restrictions imposed under the Revolving Facility on our ability to make investments and to

42


make restricted payments cease to apply if our credit ratings are higher than certain levels. Credit rating downgrades by any of the agencies do not accelerate the repayment of any of our debt.
Common Stock Share Repurchases
Our Board of Directors will determine share repurchase authorizations giving consideration to our levels of profit and cash flow, capital requirements, current and forecasted liquidity, the restrictions placed upon us by our borrowing arrangements as well as financial and other conditions existing at the time. We use cash flow generated from operating and financing activities to fund our share repurchase programs. The timing and amount of any repurchases will be made at our discretion, taking into account a number of factors, including market conditions.
Under the authority of our Board of Directors, we repurchased shares of our common stock under the following repurchase programs during fiscal 2017, 2016 and 2015:
 
    Shares Repurchased Amount Repurchased 
Average Stock
Price of
Shares
Repurchased
within
Program
Repurchase Program Amount Authorized 2017 2016 2015 2017 2016 2015 
  (in millions) (in thousands) (in millions)  
September 2017 $250
 3,858
 NA
 NA
 $202
 NA
 NA
 $52.37
February 2017 250
 5,500
 NA
 NA
 240
 NA
 NA
 $43.57
February 2016 500
 51
 5,719
 NA
 3
 $438
 NA
 $76.47
June 2015 250
 NA
 NA
 2,680
 NA
 NA
 $233
 $87.06
February 2015 250
 NA
 NA
 2,788
 NA
 NA
 250
 $89.45
Total   9,409
 5,719
 5,468
 $445
 $438
 $483
  

In September 2017, our Board of Directors approved a $250 million share repurchase program, which included the $10 million remaining under the February 2017 repurchase program.

In February 2017, our Board of Directors approved a $250 million share repurchase program, which included the $59 million remaining under the February 2016 repurchase program.
In February 2016, our Board of Directors approved a $500 million share repurchase program, which included the $17 million remaining under the June 2015 repurchase program.
In June 2015, our Board of Directors approved a $250 million share repurchase program, which included the $0.6 million remaining under the February 2015 repurchase program.
In February 2015, our Board of Directors approved a $250 million share repurchase program, which included the $91 million remaining under the November 2012 repurchase program.
There were $2 million and $3 million of share repurchases reflected in Accounts Payable on the February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017 Consolidated Balance Sheets, respectively.
Subsequent to February 3, 2018, our Board of Directors approved a new $250 million share repurchase program, which included the $23 million remaining under the September 2017 repurchase program. We repurchased an additional 0.8 million shares of common stock for $35 million subsequent to February 3, 2018.
Treasury Stock Retirement
In November 2017, we retired 36 million shares of our treasury stock. The retirement resulted in a reduction of $2.036 billion in Treasury Stock, $18 million in the par value of Common Stock, $82 million in Paid-in Capital and $1.936 billion in Retained Earnings.
Dividend Policy and Procedures
Our Board of Directors will determine future dividends after giving consideration to our levels of profit and cash flow, capital requirements, current and forecasted liquidity, the restrictions placed upon us by our borrowing arrangements as well as financial and other conditions existing at the time. We use cash flow generated from operating activities to fund our ordinary

43


dividends and a combination of cash flow generated from operating activities and financing activities to fund our special dividends.
Under the authority and declaration of our Board of Directors, we paid the following dividends during fiscal 20172016 and 2015:
 Ordinary Dividends Special Dividends Total Dividends Total Paid
 (per share) (in millions)
2017       
Fourth Quarter$0.60
 $
 $0.60
 $170
Third Quarter0.60
 
 0.60
 172
Second Quarter0.60
 
 0.60
 172
First Quarter0.60
 
 0.60
 172
2017 Total$2.40
 $
 $2.40
 $686
2016       
Fourth Quarter$0.60
 $
 $0.60
 $172
Third Quarter0.60
 
 0.60
 173
Second Quarter0.60
 
 0.60
 173
First Quarter0.60
 2.00
 2.60
 750
2016 Total$2.40
 $2.00
 $4.40
 $1,268
2015       
Fourth Quarter$0.50
 $
 $0.50
 $145
Third Quarter0.50
 
 0.50
 146
Second Quarter0.50
 
 0.50
 146
First Quarter0.50
 2.00
 2.50
 734
2015 Total$2.00
 $2.00
 $4.00
 $1,171
Subsequent to February 3, 2018, our Board of Directors declared the first quarter of 2018 ordinary dividend of $0.60 per share.
Cash Flow
The following table provides a summary of our cash flow activity for the fiscal years ended February 3, 2018, January 28, 2017 and January 30, 2016: 
 2017 2016 2015
 (in millions)
Cash and Cash Equivalents, Beginning of Year$1,934
 $2,548
 $1,681
Net Cash Flows Provided by Operating Activities (a)1,406
 1,990
 2,027
Net Cash Flows Used for Investing Activities(698) (833) (443)
Net Cash Flows Used for Financing Activities(1,127) (1,765) (716)
Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash
 (6) (1)
Net Increase (Decrease) in Cash and Cash Equivalents(419) (614) 867
Cash and Cash Equivalents, End of Year$1,515
 $1,934
 $2,548
 ________________
(a)
As further discussed in Note 2 included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, prior year amounts have been recast to reflect the retrospective application of ASU No. 2016-09, Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting.

Operating Activities
Net cash provided by operating activities in 2017 was $1.406 billion, including net income of $983 million. Net income included depreciation and amortization of $571 million, a decrease in deferred income taxes of $108 million, share-based compensation expense of $102 million, loss on extinguishment of debt of $45 million and gains on distributions from Easton investments of $20 million. Other changes in assets and liabilities represent items that had a current period cash flow impact, such as changes in working capital. The most significant item in working capital was a decrease in operating cash flow of $137 million associated with an increase in inventory.

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Net cash provided by operating activities in 2016 was $1.990 billion, including net income of $1.158 billion. Net income included depreciation and amortization of $518 million, an increase in deferred income taxes of $110 million, gains on distributions from Easton investments of $112 million, share-based compensation expense of $96 million and loss on extinguishment of debt of $36 million. Other changes in assets and liabilities represent items that had a current period cash flow impact, such as changes in working capital. The most significant item in working capital was an increase in operating cash flow of $117 million associated with an increase in income taxes payable.
Net cash provided by operating activities in 2015 was $2.027 billion, including net income of $1.253 billion. Net income included depreciation and amortization of $457 million, share-based compensation expense of $97 million and a gain on divestiture of the third-party apparel sourcing business of $78 million. Other changes in assets and liabilities represent items that had a current period cash flow impact, such as changes in working capital. The most significant items in working capital were increases in operating cash flow of $137 million associated with an increase in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other and $131 million associated with an increase in income taxes payable.
Investing Activities
Net cash used for investing activities in 2017 was $698 million consisting primarily of $707 million of capital expenditures and purchases of marketable securities of $10 million, partially offset by a $29 million return of capital from Easton investments. The capital expenditures included $601 million for opening new stores and remodeling and improving existing stores. Remaining capital expenditures were primarily related to spending on technology and infrastructure to support growth.
Net cash used for investing activities in 2016 was $833 million consisting primarily of $990 million of capital expenditures and $33 million related to the acquisition of our Victoria's Secret Beauty and Accessories franchise partner's operations and stores in Greater China (net of cash acquired), partially offset by a $119 million return of capital from Easton investments, proceeds from the sale of assets of $53 million and proceeds from the sale of marketable securities of $10 million. The capital expenditures included $772 million for opening new stores and remodeling and improving existing stores. Remaining capital expenditures were primarily related to spending on technology and infrastructure to support growth.
Net cash used for investing activities in 2015 was $443 million consisting primarily of $727 million of capital expenditures and purchases of marketable securities of $60 million, partially offset by proceeds from the sale of assets of $196 million, proceeds from the divestiture of the third-party apparel sourcing business for $85 million and proceeds from the sale of marketable securities of $50 million. The capital expenditures included $555 million for opening new stores and remodeling and improving existing stores. Remaining capital expenditures were primarily related to spending on technology and infrastructure to support growth.
We anticipate spending approximately $750 million for capital expenditures in 2018 with the majority relating to opening new stores and remodeling and improving existing stores. We expect to open approximately 100 new company-owned stores in 2018, primarily Bath & Body Works stores in the U.S. and stores in Greater China.
Financing Activities
Net cash used for financing activities in 2017 was $1.127 billion consisting primarily of quarterly dividend payments totaling $2.40 per share, or $686 million, $540 million to redeem our 2019 Notes, repurchases of common stock of $446 million and tax payments related to share-based awards of $32 million. These were partially offset by the net proceeds of $495 million from the 2028 Notes issuance, $52 million of net proceeds under our foreign facilities and proceeds from the exercise of stock options of $38 million.
Net cash used for financing activities in 2016 was $1.765 billion consisting primarily of quarterly and special dividend payments totaling $4.40 per share, or $1.268 billion, $742 million to redeem our 2017 Notes, repurchases of common stock of $435 million and tax payments related to share-based awards of $58 million. These were partially offset by the net proceeds of $692 million from the 2036 Notes issuance, $29 million of net proceeds under our foreign facilities and proceeds from the exercise of stock options of $20 million.
Net cash used for financing activities in 2015 was $716 million consisting primarily of quarterly and special dividend payments totaling $4.00 per share, or $1.171 billion, repurchases of common stock of $483 million and tax payments related to share-based awards of $88 million. These were partially offset by the net proceeds of $988 million from the 2035 Notes issuance and proceeds from the exercise of stock options of $33 million.

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Contingent Liabilities and Contractual Obligations
The following table provides our contractual obligations, aggregated by type, including the maturity profile as of February 3, 2018:
 
 Payments Due by Period
 Total 
Less
Than 1
Year
 
1-3
Years
 
4-5
Years
 
More
than 5
Years
 Other
 (in millions)
Long-term Debt (a)$9,762
 $431
 $1,122
 $2,554
 $5,655
 $
Operating Lease Obligations (b)5,328
 730
 1,358
 1,160
 2,080
 
Purchase Obligations (c)1,272
 1,204
 60
 6
 2
 
Other Liabilities (d)412
 19
 13
 21
 30
 329
Total$16,774
 $2,384
 $2,553
 $3,741
 $7,767
 $329
________________
(a)Long-term debt obligations relate to our principal and interest payments for outstanding notes and debentures. Interest payments have been estimated based on the coupon rate for fixed rate obligations. Interest obligations exclude amounts which have been accrued through February 3, 2018. For additional information, see Note 12 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
(b)Operating lease obligations primarily represent minimum payments due under store lease agreements. For additional information, see Note 16 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
(c)Purchase obligations primarily include purchase orders for merchandise inventory and other agreements to purchase goods or services that are enforceable and legally binding and that specify all significant terms, including: fixed or minimum quantities to be purchased; fixed, minimum or variable price provisions; and the approximate timing of the transactions.
(d)Other liabilities primarily include future payments relating to our nonqualified supplemental retirement plan of $269 million which have been reflected under “Other” as the timing of these future payments is not known until an associate leaves the Company or otherwise requests an in-service distribution. Other liabilities also include future estimated payments associated with unrecognized tax benefits. The “Less Than 1 Year” category includes $12 million of these tax items because it is reasonably possible that the amounts could change in the next 12 months due to audit settlements or resolution of uncertainties. The remaining portion totaling $60 million is included in the “Other” category as it is not reasonably possible that the amounts could change in the next 12 months. In addition, a liability of $67 million was recorded in 2017 resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, which imposed a deemed repatriation tax on our undistributed foreign earnings. The tax liability will be paid over eight years beginning in fiscal 2018. For additional information, see Note 11 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
In connection with the disposition of a certain business, we have remaining guarantees of $10 million related to lease payments under the current terms of noncancellable leases expiring at various dates through 2021. These guarantees include minimum rent and additional payments covering taxes, common area costs and certain other expenses and relate to leases that commenced prior to the disposition of the business. In certain instances, our guarantee may remain in effect if the term of a lease is extended. We have not recorded a liability with respect to these guarantee obligations as of February 3, 2018 or January 28, 2017 as we concluded that payments under these guarantees were not probable.
In connection with noncancellable operating leases of certain assets, we provided residual value guarantees to the lessor if the leased assets cannot be sold for an amount in excess of a specified minimum value at the conclusion of the lease term. The leases expire at various dates through 2021, and the total amount of the guarantees is $104 million. We recorded a liability of $3 million and $1 million related to these guarantee obligations as of February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017, respectively, which are included in Other Long-term Liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Off Balance Sheet Arrangements
We have no off balance sheet arrangements as defined by Regulation 229.303 Item 303 (a) (4).

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Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
Share-Based Compensation
In the first quarter of 2017, we adopted ASU No. 2016-09, Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting.  On a prospective basis, this standard requires recognition of the income tax effects of share-based awards in the income statement when the awards vest or are exercised.  These effects were historically recorded in equity on the balance sheet.  As a result, we recognized $13 million of excess tax benefits related to share-based awards in Provision for Income Taxes in the 2017 Consolidated Statement of Income. The standard also requires all tax-related cash flows from share-based awards to be reported as operating activities on the statements of cash flows and any cash payments made to taxing authorities on an employee's behalf from withheld shares as financing activities.  The retrospective application of these changes resulted in a $100 million increase in operating cash flows and a corresponding decrease to financing cash flows on the 2016 Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows, and a $158 million increase in operating cash flows and a corresponding decrease to financing cash flows on the 2015 Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows. Further, as allowed by the standard, we will continue to estimate award forfeitures at the time awards are granted and adjust, if necessary, in subsequent periods based on historical experience and expected future forfeiture rates. 
Revenue from Contracts with Customers
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which was further clarified and amended in 2015 and 2016. This guidance requires companies to recognize revenue in a manner that depicts the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in amounts that reflect the consideration to which a company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The new standard also will result in enhanced disclosures about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers. This guidance will be effective beginning in fiscal 2018. The standard allows for either a full retrospective or a modified retrospective transition method.
We will adopt the standard in the first quarter of fiscal 2018 under the modified retrospective approach. Under the new standard, income from the Victoria's Secret private label credit card arrangement, which has historically been presented as a reduction to General, Administrative and Store Operating Expenses, will be presented as revenue. Further, our current accounting related to loyalty points earned under the Victoria's Secret customer loyalty program will change as we will begin to defer revenue associated with customer loyalty points until the points are redeemed using a relative stand-alone selling price method. The new standard will also change our accounting for sales returns which requires balance sheet presentation on a gross basis.
In the first quarter of fiscal 2018, we will record a cumulative catch-up adjustment resulting in a reduction to opening retained earnings, net of tax, of approximately $28 million primarily relating to the deferral of revenue related to outstanding points, net of estimated forfeitures, under the Victoria's Secret customer loyalty program. In addition, we expect the adoption of this standard to increase Net Sales and General, Administrative and Store Operating Expenses by approximately $110 million in fiscal 2018 as a result of the classification change for our Victoria's Secret private label credit card arrangement.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-01, Financial Instruments — Overall: Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities, which addresses certain aspects of the recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of financial instruments. The standard requires the recognition of changes in the fair value of marketable equity securities in net income as compared to today's treatment in accumulated other comprehensive income on the balance sheet. We will adopt the standard in the first quarter of fiscal 2018 and record an increase to opening retained earnings, net of tax, of $2 million.
Leases
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASC 842, Leases, which requires companies classified as lessees to put most leases on their balance sheets but recognize expenses on their income statements in a manner similar to today’s accounting. The new standard also will result in enhanced quantitative and qualitative disclosures, including significant judgments made by management, to provide greater insight into the extent of revenue and expense recognized and expected to be recognized from existing leases. The standard currently requires a modified retrospective transition approach. In January 2018, the FASB issued an exposure draft that would provide companies an option that would not require earlier periods to be restated upon adoption. The standard is effective beginning in fiscal 2019, with early adoption permitted. 
We are currently evaluating the impacts that this standard will have on our Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income, Balance Sheets and Statements of Cash Flows. We currently expect that most of our operating lease commitments will be recognized as operating lease liabilities and right-of-use assets upon adoption of the standard. Thus, we expect adoption will result in a material increase to the assets and liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheet. We will adopt the standard in the first quarter of fiscal 2019.

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Hedging Activities
In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities, which is intended to better align risk management activities and financial reporting for hedging relationships. The new standard eliminates the requirement to separately measure and report hedge ineffectiveness and generally requires the entire change in the fair value of a hedging instrument to be presented in the same income statement line as the hedged item. It also eases certain documentation and assessment requirements. This guidance will be effective beginning in fiscal 2019, with early adoption permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of this standard on our Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income, Balance Sheets and Statements of Cash Flows.
Impact of Inflation
While it is difficult to accurately measure the impact of inflation due to the imprecise nature of the estimates required, we believe the effects of inflation, if any, on the results of operations and financial condition have been minor.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to adopt accounting policies related to estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period, as well as the related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements. On an ongoing basis, management evaluates its accounting policies, estimates and judgments, including those related to inventories, long-lived assets, claims and contingencies, income taxes and revenue recognition. Management bases our estimates and judgments on historical experience and various other factors that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from these estimates. Management has discussed the development and selection of our critical accounting policies and estimates with the Audit Committee of our Board of Directors and believes the following assumptions and estimates are most significant to reporting our results of operations and financial position.
Inventories
Inventories are principally valued at the lower of cost or net realizable value, on a weighted-average cost basis.
We record valuation adjustments to our inventories if the cost of inventory on hand exceeds the amount we expect to realize from the ultimate sale or disposal of the inventory. These estimates are based on management’s judgment regarding future demand and market conditions and analysis of historical experience. If actual demand or market conditions are different than those projected by management, future period merchandise margin rates may be unfavorably or favorably affected by adjustments to these estimates.
We also record inventory loss adjustments for estimated physical inventory losses that have occurred since the date of the last physical inventory. These estimates are based on management’s analysis of historical results and operating trends.
Management believes that the assumptions used in these estimates are reasonable and appropriate. A 10% increase or decrease in the inventory valuation adjustment would have impacted net income by approximately $4 million for 2017. A 10% increase or decrease in the estimated physical inventory loss adjustment would have impacted net income by approximately $5 million for 2017.
Valuation of Long-lived Assets
Property and equipment and intangible assets with finite lives are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the asset may not be recoverable. Assets are grouped at the lowest level for which they are largely independent of other assets or asset groups. If the estimated undiscounted future cash flows related to the asset or asset group are less than the carrying value, we recognize a loss equal to the difference between the carrying value and the estimated fair value, usually determined by the estimated discounted future cash flows of the asset or asset group. When a decision has been made to dispose of property and equipment prior to the end of the previously estimated useful life, depreciation estimates are revised to reflect the use of the asset over the shortened estimated useful life.
Goodwill is reviewed for impairment each year in the fourth quarter and may be reviewed more frequently if certain events occur or circumstances change. First, we perform a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that each reporting unit's fair value is less than its carrying value, including goodwill. If we determine that it is more likely than not that the fair value of the reporting unit is less than its carrying value, we then estimate the fair value of all assets and liabilities of that reporting unit, including the implied fair value of goodwill, through either estimated discounted future cash flows or market-based methodologies. If the carrying value of goodwill exceeds the implied fair value, we recognize an impairment

48


charge equal to the difference. Our reporting units are determined in accordance with the provisions of ASC Topic 350, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other. Our reporting units that have goodwill are Victoria's Secret Stores, Victoria's Secret Direct, Bath & Body Works Stores and Greater China.
Intangible assets with indefinite lives are reviewed for impairment each year in the fourth quarter and may be reviewed more frequently if certain events occur or circumstances change. We first perform a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that the indefinite-lived intangible asset is impaired. If we determine that it is more likely than not that the fair value of the asset is less than its carrying amount, we will estimate the fair value, usually determined by the estimated discounted future cash flows of the asset, compare that value with its carrying amount and record an impairment charge, if any.
We estimate the fair value of property and equipment, goodwill and intangible assets in accordance with the provisions of ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement. If future economic conditions are different than those projected by management, future impairment charges may be required.
Claims and Contingencies
We are subject to various claims and contingencies related to lawsuits, insurance, regulatory and other matters arising out of the normal course of business. Our determination of the treatment of claims and contingencies in the Consolidated Financial Statements is based on management’s view of the expected outcome of the applicable claim or contingency. We consult with legal counsel on matters related to litigation and seek input from both internal and external experts with respect to matters in the ordinary course of business. We accrue a liability if the likelihood of an adverse outcome is probable and the amount is reasonably estimable. If the likelihood of an adverse outcome is only reasonably possible (as opposed to probable) or if an estimate is not reasonably determinable, disclosure of a material claim or contingency is disclosed in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
Income Taxes
We account for income taxes under the asset and liability method. Under this method, taxes currently payable or refundable are accrued, and deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the estimated future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets are also recognized for realizable operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted income tax rates in effect for the year in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in income tax rates is recognized in our Consolidated Statement of Income in the period that includes the enactment date. A valuation allowance is recorded to reduce the carrying amounts of deferred tax assets if it is more likely than not that such assets will not be realized. U.S. deferred income taxes are not provided on undistributed income of foreign subsidiaries where such earnings are considered to be permanently reinvested for the foreseeable future.
Significant judgment is required in determining the provision for income taxes and related accruals, deferred tax assets and liabilities. In determining our provision for income taxes, we consider permanent differences between book and tax income and statutory income tax rates. Our effective income tax rate is affected by items including changes in tax law, the tax jurisdiction of new stores or business ventures and the level of earnings.
We follow the authoritative guidance included in ASC Topic 740, Income Taxes, which contains a two-step approach to recognizing and measuring uncertain tax positions. The first step is to evaluate the tax position for recognition by determining if the available evidence indicates it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained on audit, including resolution of related appeals or litigation processes, if any. The second step is to measure the tax benefit as the largest amount which is more than 50% likely of being realized upon ultimate settlement. We consider many factors when evaluating and estimating our tax positions and tax benefits, which may require periodic adjustments and for which actual outcomes may differ from forecasted outcomes. Our policy is to include interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions in income tax expense.
Our income tax returns, like those of most companies, are periodically audited by domestic and foreign tax authorities. These audits include questions regarding our tax filing positions, including the timing and amount of deductions and the allocation of income among various tax jurisdictions. At any one time, multiple tax years are subject to audit by the various tax authorities. A number of years may elapse before a particular matter for which we have established an accrual is audited and fully resolved or clarified. We adjust our tax contingencies accrual and income tax provision in the period in which matters are effectively settled with tax authorities at amounts different from our established accrual, when the statute of limitations expires for the relevant taxing authority to examine the tax position or when more information becomes available.

49


Revenue Recognition
Company-owned Stores and Direct Channels
While our recognition of revenue does not involve significant judgment, revenue recognition represents an important accounting policy for our organization. We recognize revenue upon customer receipt of the merchandise. We also provide a reserve for projected merchandise returns based on historical experience. For direct channel revenues, we estimate shipments that have not been received by the customer based on shipping terms and historical delivery times.
All of our brands sell gift cards with no expiration dates to customers in retail stores, through our direct channels and through third parties. We do not charge administrative fees on unused gift cards. We recognize revenue from gift cards when they are redeemed by the customer. In addition, we recognize revenue on unredeemed gift cards where the likelihood of the gift card being redeemed is remote and there is no legal obligation to remit the unredeemed gift cards to relevant jurisdictions (gift card breakage). Gift card breakage revenue is recognized in proportion, and over the same time period, as actual gift card redemptions. We determine the gift card breakage rate based on historical redemption patterns. Gift card breakage is included in Net Sales in our Consolidated Statements of Income.

Royalty and Other
We also recognize revenues associated with franchise, license and wholesale arrangements. Revenue recognized under franchise and license arrangements generally consists of royalties earned and recognized upon sale of merchandise by franchise and license partners to retail customers. Revenue is generally recognized under wholesale and sourcing arrangements at the time the title passes to the partner.

ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers
For additional information regarding future impacts as a result of our adoption of ASC 606 in the first quarter of fiscal 2018, refer to "Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements" in Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.
Market Risk
The market risk inherent in our financial instruments represents the potential loss in fair value, earnings or cash flows arising from adverse changes in foreign currency exchange rates or interest rates. We may use derivative financial instruments like cross-currency swaps, foreign currency forward contracts and interest rate swap arrangements to manage exposure to market risks. We do not use derivative financial instruments for trading purposes.
Foreign Exchange Rate Risk
We have operations in foreign countries which expose us to market risk associated with foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. Our Canadian dollar, British pound, Chinese yuan, Hong Kong dollar and Euro denominated earnings are subject to exchange rate risk as substantially all of our merchandise sold in Canada, the U.K., Ireland and Greater China is sourced through U.S. dollar transactions. Although we utilize foreign currency forward contracts to partially offset risks associated with Canadian dollar and British pound denominated earnings, these measures may not succeed in offsetting all of the short-term impact of foreign currency rate movements and generally may not be effective in offsetting the long-term impact of sustained shifts in foreign currency rates.
Further, although our royalty arrangements with our international partners are denominated in U.S. dollars, the royalties we receive in U.S. dollars are calculated based on sales in the local currency. As a result, our royalties in these arrangements are exposed to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations.
Interest Rate Risk
Our investment portfolio primarily consists of interest-bearing instruments that are classified as cash and cash equivalents based on their original maturities. Our investment portfolio is maintained in accordance with our investment policy, which specifies permitted types of investments, specifies credit quality standards and maturity profiles and limits credit exposure to any single issuer. The primary objective of our investment activities are the preservation of principal, the maintenance of liquidity and the maximization of interest income while minimizing risk. Typically, our investment portfolio is primarily comprised of U.S. government obligations, U.S. Treasury and AAA-rated money market funds, commercial paper and bank deposits. Given the short-term nature and quality of investments in our portfolio, we do not believe there is any material risk to principal associated with increases or decreases in interest rates.

50


All of our long-term debt as of February 3, 2018 has fixed interest rates. We will from time to time adjust our exposure to interest rate risk by entering into interest rate swap arrangements. Our exposure to interest rate changes is limited to the fair value of the debt issued, which would not have a material impact on our earnings or cash flows.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
As of February 3, 2018, we believe that the carrying values of accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued expenses and current debt approximate fair value because of their short maturity.
The following table provides a summary of the principal value and fair value of long-term debt, excluding foreign borrowings, and swap arrangements as of February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017:
 
 February 3, 2018 January 28, 2017
 (in millions)
Long-term Debt:   
Principal Value$5,750
 $5,750
Fair Value, Estimated (a)5,943
 6,030
Foreign Currency Cash Flow Hedges (b)9
 (17)
Interest Rate Fair Value Hedges (b)
 (2)
________________
(a)The estimated fair value is based on reported transaction prices. The estimates presented are not necessarily indicative of the amounts that we could realize in a current market exchange.
(b)Hedge arrangements are in a net liability (asset) position.
Concentration of Credit Risk
We maintain cash and cash equivalents and derivative contracts with various major financial institutions. We monitor the relative credit standing of financial institutions with whom we transact and limit the amount of credit exposure with any one entity. Typically, our investment portfolio is primarily comprised of U.S. government obligations, U.S. Treasury and AAA-rated money market funds, commercial paper and bank deposits. We also periodically review the relative credit standing of franchise, license and wholesale partners and other entities to which we grant credit terms in the normal course of business.


51


ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA.
L BRANDS, INC.
INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Our fiscal year ends on the Saturday nearest to January 31. Fiscal years are designated in the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes by the calendar year in which the fiscal year commences. The results for fiscal 2017 refer to the 53-week period ended February 3, 2018, and 2016 and 2015 refer to the 52-week periods ended January 28, 2017 and January 30, 2016, respectively.


52


Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. The Company’s internal control system is designed to provide reasonable assurance to the Company’s management and Board of Directors regarding the preparation and fair presentation of published financial statements. Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Therefore, even those systems determined to be effective can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and presentation. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
Management assessed the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of February 3, 2018. In making this assessment, management used the criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework) (the COSO criteria).
Based on our assessment and the COSO criteria, management believes that the Company maintained effective internal control over financial reporting as of February 3, 2018.
The Company’s independent registered public accounting firm, Ernst & Young LLP, has issued an attestation report on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Ernst & Young LLP’s report appears on the following page and expresses an unqualified opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of February 3, 2018.

53


Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

The Board of Directors and Shareholders of L Brands, Inc.:

Opinion on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
We have audited L Brands, Inc.’s internal control over financial reporting as of February 3, 2018, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework) (the COSO criteria). In our opinion, L Brands, Inc. (the Company) maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of February 3, 2018, based on the COSO criteria.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Consolidated Balance Sheets of L Brands, Inc. as of February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017 and the related Consolidated Statements of Income, Comprehensive Income, Total Equity (Deficit), and Cash Flows for each of the three years in the period ended February 3, 2018 of the Company and our report dated March 23, 2018 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

Basis for Opinion
The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.

Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Definition and Limitation of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.


/s/ Ernst & Young     LLP    

Grandview Heights, Ohio
March 23, 2018



54


Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

The Board of Directors and Shareholders of L Brands, Inc.:

Opinion on the Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets of L Brands, Inc. (the Company) as of February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017, the related Consolidated Statements of Income, Comprehensive Income, Total Equity (Deficit), and Cash Flows for each of the three years in the period ended February 3, 2018, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the consolidated financial statements). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company at February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended February 3, 2018, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of February 3, 2018, based on the criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework), and our report dated March 23, 2018 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

Basis for Opinion
These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statement, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures include examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.


/s/ Ernst & Young LLP

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2003

Grandview Heights, Ohio
March 23, 2018


55


L BRANDS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(in millions except per share amounts)
 
 2017
2016
2015
Net Sales$12,632
 $12,574
 $12,154
Costs of Goods Sold, Buying and Occupancy(7,673) (7,449) (6,950)
Gross Profit4,959
 5,125
 5,204
General, Administrative and Store Operating Expenses(3,231) (3,122) (3,012)
Operating Income1,728
 2,003
 2,192
Interest Expense(406) (394) (334)
Other Income (Loss)(10) 87
 76
Income Before Income Taxes1,312
 1,696
 1,934
Provision for Income Taxes329
 538
 681
Net Income$983
 $1,158
 $1,253
Net Income Per Basic Share$3.46
 $4.04
 $4.30
Net Income Per Diluted Share$3.42
 $3.98
 $4.22


L BRANDS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(in millions)

 2017 2016 2015
Net Income$983
 $1,158
 $1,253
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net of Tax:     
Foreign Currency Translation23
 (19) (23)
Unrealized Gain (Loss) on Cash Flow Hedges(20) (8) 6
Reclassification of Cash Flow Hedges to Earnings7
 7
 14
Unrealized Gain (Loss) on Marketable Securities2
 (5) 8
Reclassification of Gain on Marketable Securities to Earnings
 (3) 
Total Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net of Tax12
 (28) 5
Total Comprehensive Income$995
 $1,130
 $1,258

The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.

56


L BRANDS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in millions except par value amounts)
 
 February 3,
2018
 January 28,
2017
ASSETS   
Current Assets:   
Cash and Cash Equivalents$1,515
 $1,934
Accounts Receivable, Net310
 294
Inventories1,240
 1,096
Other228
 141
Total Current Assets3,293
 3,465
Property and Equipment, Net2,893
 2,741
Goodwill1,348
 1,348
Trade Names411
 411
Deferred Income Taxes14
 19
Other Assets190
 186
Total Assets$8,149
 $8,170
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY (DEFICIT)   
Current Liabilities:   
Accounts Payable$717
 $683
Accrued Expenses and Other1,029
 997
Current Debt87
 36
Income Taxes198
 298
Total Current Liabilities2,031
 2,014
Deferred Income Taxes238
 352
Long-term Debt5,707
 5,700
Other Long-term Liabilities924
 831
Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit):   
Preferred Stock—$1.00 par value; 10 shares authorized; none issued
 
Common Stock—$0.50 par value; 1,000 shares authorized; 283 and 315 shares issued; 280 and 286 shares outstanding, respectively141
 157
Paid-in Capital678
 650
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income24
 12
Retained Earnings (Deficit)(1,434) 205
Less: Treasury Stock, at Average Cost; 3 and 29 shares, respectively(162) (1,753)
Total L Brands, Inc. Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit)(753) (729)
Noncontrolling Interest2
 2
Total Equity (Deficit)(751) (727)
Total Liabilities and Equity (Deficit)$8,149
 $8,170

The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.

57


L BRANDS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF TOTAL EQUITY (DEFICIT)
(in millions except per share amounts)
 
 Common Stock 
Paid-In
Capital
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income
 
Retained
Earnings (Accumulated Deficit)
 
Treasury
Stock, at
Average
Cost
 Noncontrolling Interest Total Equity (Deficit)
Shares
Outstanding
 
Par
Value
  
Balance, January 31, 2015292
 $155
 $427
 $35
 $233
 $(832) $1
 $19
Net Income
 
 
 
 1,253
 
 
 1,253
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
 
 5
 
 
 
 5
Total Comprehensive Income
 
 
 5
 1,253
 
 
 1,258
Cash Dividends ($4.00 per share)
 
 
 
 (1,171) 
 
 (1,171)
Repurchase of Common Stock(5) 
 
 
 
 (483) 
 (483)
Exercise of Stock Options and Other3
 1
 118
 
 
 
 
 119
Balance, January 30, 2016290
 $156
 $545
 $40
 $315
 $(1,315) $1
 $(258)
Net Income
 
 
 
 1,158
 
 
 1,158
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
 
 (28) 
 
 
 (28)
Total Comprehensive Income
 
 
 (28) 1,158
 
 
 1,130
Cash Dividends ($4.40 per share)
 
 
 
 (1,268) 
 
 (1,268)
Repurchase of Common Stock(6) 
 
 
 
 (438) 
 (438)
Exercise of Stock Options and Other2
 1
 105
 
 
 
 1
 107
Balance, January 28, 2017286
 $157
 $650
 $12
 $205
 $(1,753) $2
 $(727)
Net Income
 
 
 
 983
 
 
 983
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
 
 12
 
 
 
 12
Total Comprehensive Income
 
 
 12
 983
 
 
 995
Cash Dividends ($2.40 per share)
 
 
 
 (686) 
 
 (686)
Repurchase of Common Stock(9) 
 
 
 
 (445) 
 (445)
Treasury Share Retirement
 (18) (82) 
 (1,936) 2,036
 
 
Exercise of Stock Options and Other3
 2
 110
 
 
 
 
 112
Balance, February 3, 2018280
 $141
 $678
 $24
 $(1,434) $(162) $2
 $(751)

The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.

58


 
L BRANDS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in millions)
 2017 2016 2015
Operating Activities     
Net Income$983
 $1,158
 $1,253
Adjustments to Reconcile Net Income to Net Cash Provided by (Used for) Operating Activities:     
Depreciation and Amortization of Long-lived Assets571
 518
 457
Amortization of Landlord Allowances(47) (46) (42)
Deferred Income Taxes(108) 110
 11
Share-based Compensation Expense102
 96
 97
Gains on Distributions from Easton Investments(20) (112) 
Loss on Extinguishment of Debt45
 36
 
Gain on Sale of Marketable Securities
 (4) 
Gain on Divestiture of Third-party Apparel Sourcing Business
 
 (78)
Loss on Sale of Assets, Net
 
 2
Changes in Assets and Liabilities, Net of Assets and Liabilities from Acquisition:     
Accounts Receivable(13) (44) (10)
Inventories(137) 30
 (92)
Accounts Payable, Accrued Expenses and Other50
 31
 137
Income Taxes Payable(40) 117
 131
Other Assets and Liabilities20
 100
 161
Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities1,406
 1,990
 2,027
Investing Activities     
Capital Expenditures(707) (990) (727)
Return of Capital from Easton Investments29
 119
 9
Purchases of Marketable Securities(10) 
 (60)
Proceeds from Sale of Assets
 53
 196
Proceeds from Sale of Marketable Securities
 10
 50
Acquisition, Net of Cash Acquired of $1
 (33) 
Proceeds from Divestiture of Third-party Apparel Sourcing Business
 
 85
Other Investing Activities(10) 8
 4
Net Cash Used for Investing Activities(698) (833) (443)
Financing Activities     
Proceeds from Issuance of Long-term Debt, Net of Issuance Costs495
 692
 988
Payment of Long-term Debt(540) (742) 
Borrowings from Foreign Facilities96
 35
 7
Repayments of Foreign Facilities(44) (6) 
Dividends Paid(686) (1,268) (1,171)
Repurchases of Common Stock(446) (435) (483)
Tax Payments related to Share-based Awards(32) (58) (88)
Proceeds from Exercise of Stock Options38
 20
 33
Financing Costs(5) 
 
Other Financing Activities(3) (3) (2)
Net Cash Used for Financing Activities(1,127) (1,765) (716)
Effects of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash
 (6) (1)
Net Increase (Decrease) in Cash and Cash Equivalents(419) (614)
867
Cash and Cash Equivalents, Beginning of Year1,934
 2,548
 1,681
Cash and Cash Equivalents, End of Year$1,515
 $1,934
 $2,548

The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.

59


L BRANDS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

1. Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Description of Business
L Brands, Inc. (“the Company”) operates in the highly competitive specialty retail business. The Company is a specialty retailer of women’s intimate and other apparel, personal care, beauty and home fragrance products. The Company sells its merchandise through company-owned specialty retail stores in the U.S., Canada, U.K., Ireland and Greater China, which are primarily mall-based, and through its websites and other channels. The Company's other international operations are primarily through franchise, license and wholesale partners. The Company currently operates the following retail brands:
Victoria’s Secret
PINK
Bath & Body Works
La Senza
Henri Bendel
Fiscal Year
The Company's fiscal year ends on the Saturday nearest to January 31. As used herein, “2017” refers to the 53-week period ended February 3, 2018. “2016” and “2015” refer to the 52-week periods ended January 28, 2017 and January 30, 2016, respectively.
Basis of Consolidation
The Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
The Company accounts for investments in unconsolidated entities where it exercises significant influence, but does not have control, using the equity method. Under the equity method of accounting, the Company recognizes its share of the investee's net income or loss. Losses are only recognized to the extent the Company has positive carrying value related to the investee. Carrying values are only reduced below zero if the Company has an obligation to provide funding to the investee. The Company’s share of net income or loss of unconsolidated entities from which the Company purchases merchandise or merchandise components is included in Costs of Goods Sold, Buying and Occupancy on the Consolidated Statements of Income. The Company’s share of net income or loss of all other unconsolidated entities is included in Other Income (Loss) on the Consolidated Statements of Income. The Company’s equity investments are required to be reviewed for impairment when it is determined there may be an other than temporary loss in value.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash and Cash Equivalents include cash on hand, demand deposits with financial institutions and highly liquid investments with original maturities of less than 90 days. The Company’s outstanding checks, which totaled $14 million as of February 3, 2018 and $5 million as of January 28, 2017, are included in Accounts Payable on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Concentration of Credit Risk
The Company maintains cash and cash equivalents and derivative contracts with various major financial institutions. The Company monitors the relative credit standing of financial institutions with whom the Company transacts and limits the amount of credit exposure with any one entity. Typically, the Company’s investment portfolio is primarily comprised of U.S. government obligations, U.S. Treasury and AAA-rated money market funds, commercial paper and bank deposits.
The Company also periodically reviews the relative credit standing of franchise, license and wholesale partners and other entities to which the Company grants credit terms in the normal course of business. The Company records an allowance for uncollectable accounts when it becomes probable that the counterparty will be unable to pay.
Marketable Equity Securities
The Company has marketable equity securities which are classified as available-for-sale. The Company determines the appropriate classification of investments in equity securities at the acquisition date and re-evaluates the classification at each balance sheet date. These investments are recorded at fair value in other current assets on the Consolidated Balance Sheets, and unrealized holding gains and losses are recorded, net of tax, as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income.

60


Inventories
Inventories are principally valued at the lower of cost or net realizable value, on a weighted-average cost basis.
The Company records valuation adjustments to its inventories if the cost of inventory on hand exceeds the amount it expects to realize from the ultimate sale or disposal of the inventory. These estimates are based on management’s judgment regarding future demand and market conditions and analysis of historical experience.
The Company also records inventory loss adjustments for estimated physical inventory losses that have occurred since the date of the last physical inventory. These estimates are based on management’s analysis of historical results and operating trends.
Advertising Costs
Advertising and catalogue costs are expensed at the time the promotion first appears in media, in the store or when the advertising is mailed. Advertising and catalogue costs totaled $383 million for 2017, $325 million for 2016 and $414 million for 2015.
Property and Equipment
The Company’s property and equipment are recorded at cost and depreciation/amortization is computed on a straight-line basis using the following depreciable life ranges:
Category of Property and Equipment Depreciable Life Range
Software, including software developed for internal use 3 - 7 years
Store related assets 3 - 10 years
Leasehold improvements Shorter of lease term or 10 years
Non-store related building and site improvements 10 - 15 years
Other property and equipment 20 years
Buildings 30 years

When a decision has been made to dispose of property and equipment prior to the end of the previously estimated useful life, depreciation estimates are revised to reflect the use of the asset over the shortened estimated useful life. The Company’s cost of assets sold or retired and the related accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts with any resulting gain or loss included in net income. Maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred. Major renewals and betterments that extend useful lives are capitalized.
Property and equipment are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the asset may not be recoverable. Assets are grouped at the lowest level for which they are largely independent of other assets or asset groups. If the estimated undiscounted future cash flows related to the asset or asset group are less than the carrying value, the Company recognizes a loss equal to the difference between the carrying value and the estimated fair value, usually determined by the estimated discounted future cash flows of the asset or asset group.
Goodwill and Intangible Assets
The Company has certain intangible assets resulting from business combinations and acquisitions that are recorded at cost. Intangible assets with finite lives are amortized on a straight-line basis over their respective estimated useful lives.
Intangible assets with finite lives are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the asset may not be recoverable. If the estimated undiscounted future cash flows related to the asset are less than the carrying value, the Company recognizes a loss equal to the difference between the carrying value and the estimated fair value, usually determined by the estimated discounted future cash flows of the asset.
Goodwill is reviewed for impairment each year in the fourth quarter and may be reviewed more frequently if certain events occur or circumstances change. First, the Company performs a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that each reporting unit's fair value is less than its carrying value, including goodwill. If the Company determines that it is more likely than not that the fair value of the reporting unit is less than its carrying value, the Company then estimates the fair value of all assets and liabilities of that reporting unit, including the implied fair value of goodwill, through either estimated discounted future cash flows or market-based methodologies. If the carrying value of goodwill exceeds the implied fair value, the Company recognizes an impairment charge equal to the difference. The Company's reporting units are determined in accordance with the provisions of ASC Topic 350, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other. The Company's reporting units that have goodwill are Victoria's Secret Stores, Victoria's Secret Direct, Bath & Body Works Stores and Greater China.

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Intangible assets with indefinite lives are reviewed for impairment each year in the fourth quarter and may be reviewed more frequently if certain events occur or circumstances change. The Company first performs a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that the indefinite-lived intangible asset is impaired. If the Company determines that it is more likely than not that the fair value of the asset is less than its carrying amount, the Company will estimate the fair value, usually determined by the estimated discounted future cash flows of the asset, compare that value with its carrying amount and record an impairment charge, if any.
If future economic conditions are different than those projected by management, future impairment charges may be required.
Leases and Leasehold Improvements
The Company has leases that contain predetermined fixed escalations of minimum rentals and/or rent abatements subsequent to taking possession of the leased property. The Company recognizes the related rent expense on a straight-line basis commencing upon the store possession date. The Company records the difference between the recognized rental expense and amounts payable under the leases as deferred lease credits. The Company’s liability for predetermined fixed escalations of minimum rentals and/or rent abatements totaled $210 million as of February 3, 2018 and $191 million as of January 28, 2017. These liabilities are included in Other Long-term Liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
The Company receives construction allowances from landlords related to its retail stores. These allowances are generally comprised of cash amounts received by the Company from its landlords as part of the negotiated lease terms. The Company records a receivable and a landlord allowance at the lease commencement date (date of initial possession of the store). The landlord allowance is amortized on a straight-line basis as a reduction of rent expense over the term of the lease (including the pre-opening build-out period), and the receivable is reduced as amounts are received from the landlord. The Company’s unamortized portion of landlord allowances, which totaled $293 million as of February 3, 2018 and $279 million as of January 28, 2017, is included in Other Long-term Liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
The Company also has leasehold improvements which are amortized over the shorter of their estimated useful lives or the period from the date the assets are placed in service to the end of the initial lease term. Leasehold improvements made after the inception of the initial lease term are depreciated over the shorter of their estimated useful lives or the remaining lease term, including renewal periods, if reasonably assured.
Foreign Currency Translation
The functional currency of the Company’s foreign operations is generally the applicable local currency. Assets and liabilities are translated into U.S. dollars using the current exchange rates in effect as of the balance sheet date, while revenues and expenses are translated at the average exchange rates for the period. The Company’s resulting translation adjustments are recorded as a component of Comprehensive Income in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income and the Consolidated Statements of Total Equity (Deficit).
Derivative Financial Instruments
The Company uses derivative financial instruments to manage exposure to foreign currency exchange rates and interest rates. The Company does not use derivative instruments for trading purposes. All derivative instruments are recorded on the Consolidated Balance Sheets at fair value.

For derivative financial instruments that are designated and qualify as cash flow hedges, the effective portion of the gain or loss on the derivative instrument is reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) in shareholders’ equity and reclassified into earnings in the same period during which the hedged item affects earnings. Gains and losses that are reclassified into earnings are recognized in the same line item on the Consolidated Statement of Income as the underlying hedged item. Gains and losses on the derivative representing hedge ineffectiveness, if any, are recognized in current earnings.

For derivative financial instruments that are designated and qualify as fair value hedges, the change in the fair value of the derivative instrument has an equal and offsetting impact to the carrying value of the liability on the balance sheet.

For derivative financial instruments that are not designated as hedging instruments, the gain or loss on the derivative instrument is recognized in current earnings in Other Income (Loss) on the Consolidated Statements of Income.

Fair Value
The authoritative guidance included in ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement, defines fair value as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. This authoritative guidance further establishes a three-

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level fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value. This hierarchy requires entities to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. The three levels of inputs used to measure fair value are as follows:
Level 1—Quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2—Observable inputs other than quoted market prices included in Level 1, such as quoted prices of similar assets and liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.
Level 3—Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets and liabilities. This includes certain pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies and similar techniques that use significant unobservable inputs.
The Company estimates the fair value of financial instruments, property and equipment and goodwill and intangible assets in accordance with the provisions of ASC Topic 820.
Income Taxes
The Company accounts for income taxes under the asset and liability method. Under this method, taxes currently payable or refundable are accrued, and deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the estimated future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets are also recognized for realizable operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted income tax rates in effect for the year in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in income tax rates is recognized in the Company’s Consolidated Statement of Income in the period that includes the enactment date. A valuation allowance is recorded to reduce the carrying amounts of deferred tax assets if it is more likely than not that such assets will not be realized. U.S. deferred income taxes are not provided on undistributed income of foreign subsidiaries where such earnings are considered to be permanently reinvested for the foreseeable future.
In determining the Company’s provision for income taxes, the Company considers permanent differences between book and tax income and statutory income tax rates. The Company’s effective income tax rate is affected by items including changes in tax law, the tax jurisdiction of new stores or business ventures and the level of earnings.
The Company follows a two-step approach to recognizing and measuring uncertain tax positions. The first step is to evaluate the tax position for recognition by determining if the available evidence indicates it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained on audit, including resolution of related appeals or litigation processes, if any. The second step is to measure the tax benefit as the largest amount which is more than 50% likely of being realized upon ultimate settlement. The Company considers many factors when evaluating and estimating its tax positions and tax benefits, which may require periodic adjustments and for which actual outcomes may differ from forecasted outcomes.
The Company’s income tax returns, like those of most companies, are periodically audited by domestic and foreign tax authorities. These audits include questions regarding the Company’s tax filing positions, including the timing and amount of deductions and the allocation of income among various tax jurisdictions. At any one time, multiple tax years are subject to audit by the various tax authorities. A number of years may elapse before a particular matter for which the Company has established an accrual is audited and fully resolved or clarified. The Company adjusts its tax contingencies accrual and income tax provision in the period in which matters are effectively settled with tax authorities at amounts different from its established accrual, when the statute of limitations expires for the relevant taxing authority to examine the tax position or when more information becomes available. The Company includes its tax contingencies accrual, including accrued penalties and interest, in Other Long-term Liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheets unless the liability is expected to be paid within one year. Changes to the tax contingencies accrual, including accrued penalties and interest, are included in Provision for Income Taxes on the Consolidated Statements of Income.
Self-Insurance
The Company is self-insured for medical, workers’ compensation, property, general liability and automobile liability up to certain stop-loss limits. Such costs are accrued based on known claims and an estimate of incurred but not reported (“IBNR”) claims. IBNR claims are estimated using historical claim information and actuarial estimates.
Noncontrolling Interest
Noncontrolling interest represents the portion of equity interests of consolidated affiliates not owned by the Company.

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Share-based Compensation
The Company recognizes all share-based payments to employees and directors as compensation cost over the service period based on their estimated fair value on the date of grant. The Company estimates award forfeitures at the time awards are granted and adjusts, if necessary, in subsequent periods based on historical experience and expected future forfeitures. 
Compensation cost is recognized over the service period for the fair value of awards that actually vest. Compensation expense for awards without a performance condition is recognized, net of estimated forfeitures, using a single award approach (each award is valued as one grant, irrespective of the number of vesting tranches). Compensation expense for awards with a performance condition is recognized, net of estimated forfeitures, using a multiple award approach (each vesting tranche is valued as one grant).
Revenue Recognition
The Company recognizes revenue upon customer receipt of the merchandise, which for direct channel revenues reflects an estimate of shipments that have not yet been received by the customer based on shipping terms and historical delivery times. The Company’s shipping and handling revenues are included in Net Sales with the related costs included in Costs of Goods Sold, Buying and Occupancy on the Consolidated Statements of Income. The Company also provides a reserve for projected merchandise returns based on historical experience. Net Sales exclude sales tax collected from customers.
All of the Company's brands sell gift cards with no expiration dates to customers in retail stores, through direct channels and through third parties. The Company does not charge administrative fees on unused gift cards. The Company recognizes revenue from gift cards when they are redeemed by the customer. In addition, the Company recognizes revenue on unredeemed gift cards where the likelihood of the gift card being redeemed is remote and there is no legal obligation to remit the unredeemed gift cards to relevant jurisdictions (gift card breakage). Gift card breakage revenue is recognized in proportion, and over the same time period, as actual gift card redemptions. The Company determines the gift card breakage rate based on historical redemption patterns. Gift card breakage is included in Net Sales on the Consolidated Statements of Income.
The Company also recognizes revenues associated with franchise, license and wholesale arrangements. Revenue recognized under franchise and license arrangements generally consists of royalties earned and recognized upon sale of merchandise by franchise and license partners to retail customers. Revenue is generally recognized under wholesale and sourcing arrangements at the time the title passes to the partner.
For additional information regarding future impacts as a result of the Company's adoption of ASC 606 in the first quarter of fiscal 2018, refer to Note 2, "New Accounting Pronouncements."
Costs of Goods Sold, Buying and Occupancy
The Company’s costs of goods sold include merchandise costs, net of discounts and allowances, freight and inventory shrinkage. The Company’s buying and occupancy expenses primarily include payroll, benefit costs and operating expenses for its buying departments and distribution network, rent, common area maintenance, real estate taxes, utilities, maintenance, fulfillment expenses and depreciation for the Company’s stores, warehouse facilities and equipment.
General, Administrative and Store Operating Expenses
The Company’s general, administrative and store operating expenses primarily include payroll and benefit costs for its store-selling and administrative departments (including corporate functions), marketing, advertising and other operating expenses not specifically categorized elsewhere in the Consolidated Statements of Income.
Use of Estimates in the Preparation of Financial Statements
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period, as well as the related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements. Actual results may differ from those estimates, and the Company revises its estimates and assumptions as new information becomes available.

2. New Accounting Pronouncements
Share-Based Compensation
In the first quarter of 2017, the Company adopted ASU No. 2016-09, Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting.  On a prospective basis, this standard requires recognition of the income tax effects of share-based awards in the income statement when the awards vest or are exercised.  These effects were historically recorded in equity on the balance sheet.  As a result, the Company recognized $13 million of excess tax benefits related to share-based awards in Provision for

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Income Taxes in the 2017 Consolidated Statement of Income. The standard also requires all tax-related cash flows from share-based awards to be reported as operating activities on the statements of cash flows and any cash payments made to taxing authorities on an employee's behalf from withheld shares as financing activities.  The retrospective application of these changes resulted in a $100 million increase in operating cash flows and a corresponding decrease to financing cash flows on the 2016 Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows and a $158 million increase in operating cash flows and a corresponding decrease to financing cash flows on the 2015 Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows. Further, as allowed by the standard, the Company will continue to estimate award forfeitures at the time awards are granted and adjust, if necessary, in subsequent periods based on historical experience and expected future forfeiture rates. 
Revenue from Contracts with Customers
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which was further clarified and amended in 2015 and 2016. This guidance requires companies to recognize revenue in a manner that depicts the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in amounts that reflect the consideration to which a company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The new standard also will result in enhanced disclosures about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers. This guidance will be effective beginning in fiscal 2018. The standard allows for either a full retrospective or a modified retrospective transition method.
The Company will adopt the standard in the first quarter of fiscal 2018 under the modified retrospective approach. Under the new standard, income from the Victoria's Secret private label credit card arrangement, which has historically been presented as a reduction to General, Administrative and Store Operating Expenses, will be presented as revenue. Further, current accounting related to loyalty points earned under the Victoria's Secret customer loyalty program will change as the Company will begin to defer revenue associated with customer loyalty points until the points are redeemed using a relative stand-alone selling price method. The new standard will also change accounting for sales returns which requires balance sheet presentation on a gross basis.
In the first quarter of fiscal 2018, the Company will record a cumulative catch-up adjustment resulting in a reduction to opening retained earnings, net of tax, of approximately $28 million primarily relating to the deferral of revenue related to outstanding points, net of estimated forfeitures, under the Victoria's Secret customer loyalty program.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-01, Financial Instruments — Overall: Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities, which addresses certain aspects of the recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of financial instruments. The standard requires the recognition of changes in the fair value of marketable equity securities in net income as compared to today's treatment in accumulated other comprehensive income on the balance sheet. The Company will adopt the standard in the first quarter of fiscal 2018 and record an increase to opening retained earnings, net of tax, of $2 million.
Leases
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASC 842, Leases, which requires companies classified as lessees to put most leases on their balance sheets but recognize expenses on their income statements in a manner similar to today’s accounting. The new standard also will result in enhanced quantitative and qualitative disclosures, including significant judgments made by management, to provide greater insight into the extent of revenue and expense recognized and expected to be recognized from existing leases. The standard currently requires a modified retrospective transition approach. In January 2018, the FASB issued an exposure draft that would provide companies an option that would not require earlier periods to be restated upon adoption. The standard is effective beginning in fiscal 2019, with early adoption permitted. 
The Company is currently evaluating the impacts that this standard will have on its Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income, Balance Sheets and Statements of Cash Flows. The Company currently expects that most of its operating lease commitments will be recognized as operating lease liabilities and right-of-use assets upon adoption of the standard. Thus, the Company expects adoption will result in a material increase to the assets and liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheet. The Company will adopt the standard in the first quarter of fiscal 2019.
Hedging Activities
In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities, which is intended to better align risk management activities and financial reporting for hedging relationships. The new standard eliminates the requirement to separately measure and report hedge ineffectiveness and generally requires the entire change in the fair value of a hedging instrument to be presented in the same income statement line as the hedged item. It also eases certain documentation and assessment requirements. This guidance will be effective beginning in fiscal 2019, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this standard on its Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income, Balance Sheets and Statements of Cash Flows.


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3. Earnings Per Share
Earnings per basic share is computed based on the weighted-average number of outstanding common shares. Earnings per diluted share include the weighted-average effect of dilutive options and restricted stock on the weighted-average shares outstanding.
The following table provides shares utilized for the calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share for 2017, 2016 and 2015:
 
 2017 2016 2015
 (in millions)
Weighted-average Common Shares:     
Issued Shares (a)308
 314
 312
Treasury Shares (a)(24) (27) (21)
Basic Shares284
 287
 291
Effect of Dilutive Options and Restricted Stock3
 4
 6
Diluted Shares287
 291
 297
Anti-dilutive Options and Awards (b)4
 2
 1
 ________________
(a)In November 2017, the Company retired 36 million shares of its Treasury Stock.
(b)These options and awards were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive.

4. Acquisition
On April 18, 2016, the Company completed the acquisition of 100% of the shares of American Beauty Limited for a total purchase price of $44 million. This agreement included the reacquisition of the franchise rights from one of our partners to operate Victoria's Secret Beauty and Accessories stores in Greater China, including 26 stores already open at the time of acquisition. The purchase price included $10 million in forgiveness of liabilities owed to the Company from the pre-existing relationship. As a result of this acquisition, the Company's financial statements include the financial results of American Beauty Limited, which are reported as part of the Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works International segment.
The total purchase price was allocated to the net tangible and intangible assets acquired based on their estimated fair value. Such estimated fair values require management to make estimates and judgments, especially with respect to intangible assets. The allocation of the purchase price to goodwill was complete as of the second quarter of 2016. Goodwill related to the acquisition is not deductible for tax purposes.
The allocation of the purchase price to the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed is as follows:
 (in millions)
Cash and Cash Equivalents$1
Inventories3
Property and Equipment10
Goodwill30
Other Assets3
Current Liabilities(3)
Net Assets Acquired$44
Forgiveness of Liabilities Owed to the Company(10)
Consideration Paid$34


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5. Restructuring Activities
During the first quarter of 2016, the Company made strategic changes within the Victoria’s Secret segment designed to focus the brand on its core merchandise categories, streamline operations and emphasize brand building and loyalty-enhancing marketing and advertising rather than using traditional catalogues and offers. As a result of these actions, the Company recorded charges related to cancellations of fabric commitments for non-go forward merchandise and a reserve against paper that was previously intended for future catalogues. These costs, totaling $11 million, including non-cash charges of $10 million, are included in Costs of Goods Sold, Buying and Occupancy on the 2016 Consolidated Statement of Income. These actions also resulted in the elimination of approximately 200 positions primarily in the Company's Ohio and New York home offices. Severance and related costs associated with these eliminations, totaling $24 million, are included in General, Administrative and Store Operating Expenses on the 2016 Consolidated Statement of Income. The Company recognized a total pre-tax charge of $35 million for these items in the first quarter of 2016. The remaining liability for unpaid severance and related costs was not significant as of February 3, 2018.

6. Inventories
The following table provides details of inventories as of February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017:
 
 February 3,
2018
 January 28,
2017
 (in millions)
Finished Goods Merchandise$1,121
 $982
Raw Materials and Merchandise Components119
 114
Total Inventories$1,240
 $1,096

7. Property and Equipment, Net
The following table provides details of property and equipment, net as of February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017:
 
 February 3,
2018
 January 28,
2017
 (in millions)
Land and Improvements$116
 $113
Buildings and Improvements484
 476
Furniture, Fixtures, Software and Equipment3,757
 3,560
Leasehold Improvements2,251
 2,044
Construction in Progress79
 89
Total6,687
 6,282
Accumulated Depreciation and Amortization(3,794) (3,541)
Property and Equipment, Net$2,893
 $2,741

Depreciation expense was $571 million in 2017, $518 million in 2016 and $457 million in 2015.
In 2016 and 2015, the Company completed sale and leaseback transactions under noncancellable operating leases of certain assets. The carrying value of assets sold under these arrangements was $51 million and $177 million for 2016 and 2015, respectively. Proceeds of $51 million and $178 million are included in Proceeds from Sale of Assets within the Investing Activities section of the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. For additional information, see Note 17, "Commitments and Contingencies."


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8. Goodwill and Trade Names
Goodwill
The following table provides detail regarding the composition of goodwill for the fiscal years ended February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017:
 
 February 3, 2018 January 28, 2017
 (in millions)
Victoria's Secret$690
 $690
Bath & Body Works628
 628
Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works International30
 30
Goodwill$1,348
 $1,348
In 2016, the Company reacquired from one of its partners the franchise rights to operate Victoria's Secret Beauty and Accessories stores in Greater China, including 26 stores already open at the time of acquisition. As a result of the acquisition, the Company recognized $30 million of goodwill within the Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works International reportable segment. For additional information, see Note 4, "Acquisition."

The Company tests for goodwill impairment at the reporting unit level. The Company's reporting units with goodwill balances at February 3, 2018 were Victoria's Secret Stores, Victoria's Secret Direct, Bath & Body Works Stores and Greater China.

Intangible Assets—Indefinite Lives
Intangible assets with indefinite lives represent the Victoria’s Secret and Bath & Body Works trade names. The following table provides additional detail regarding the composition of trade names as of February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017:
 February 3, 2018 January 28, 2017
 (in millions)
Victoria's Secret$246
 $246
Bath & Body Works165
 165
Trade Names$411
 $411

9. Equity Investments and Other
Third-party Apparel Sourcing Business
In 2015, the Company divested its remaining ownership interest in its third-party apparel sourcing business. The Company received cash proceeds of $85 million and recognized a pre-tax gain of $78 million (after-tax gain of $69 million). The gain is included in Other Income (Loss) in the 2015 Consolidated Statement of Income, and the cash proceeds are included in Proceeds from Divestiture of Third-party Apparel Sourcing Business within the Investing Activities section of the 2015 Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows.
Easton Investments
The Company has land and other investments in Easton, a planned community in Columbus, Ohio, that integrates office, hotel, retail, residential and recreational space. These investments, totaling $81 million as of February 3, 2018 and $79 million as of January 28, 2017, are recorded in Other Assets on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Included in the Company’s Easton investments are equity interests in Easton Town Center, LLC (“ETC”) and Easton Gateway, LLC (“EG”), entities that own and develop commercial entertainment and shopping centers. The Company’s investments in ETC and EG are accounted for using the equity method of accounting. The Company has a majority financial interest in ETC and EG, but another unaffiliated member manages them, and certain significant decisions regarding ETC and EG require the consent of unaffiliated members in addition to the Company.

During 2017, the Company received cash distributions of $29 million from certain of its Easton investments. As a result, the Company recognized pre-tax gains totaling $20 million which are included in Other Income (Loss) on the 2017 Consolidated Statement of Income, and the return of capital is included within the Investing Activities section of the 2017 Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows.


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In July 2016, ETC refinanced its bank loan. In conjunction with the loan refinancing, the Company received a cash distribution from ETC of $124 million and recognized a pre-tax gain of $108 million (after-tax gain of $70 million). The gain is included in Other Income (Loss) on the 2016 Consolidated Statement of Income and the return of capital is included within the Investing Activities section of the 2016 Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows.

10. Accrued Expenses and Other
The following table provides additional information about the composition of accrued expenses and other as of February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017:
 February 3,
2018
 January 28,
2017
 (in millions)
Deferred Revenue, Principally from Gift Card Sales$267
 $259
Compensation, Payroll Taxes and Benefits196
 191
Taxes, Other than Income102
 82
Interest101
 99
Rent43
 48
Accrued Claims on Self-insured Activities37
 35
Returns Reserve20
 21
Other263
 262
Total Accrued Expenses and Other$1,029
 $997

11. Income Taxes

Current income tax expense represents the amounts expected to be reported on the Company’s income tax returns, and deferred tax expense or benefit represents the change in net deferred tax assets and liabilities. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the difference between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities as measured by the enacted tax rates that will be in effect when these differences reverse. Valuation allowances are recorded as appropriate to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount considered likely to be realized.
On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the "TCJA") was enacted into law. The legislation significantly changes U.S. tax law by, among other things, lowering corporate income tax rates and imposing a repatriation tax on deemed repatriated earnings of foreign subsidiaries. The TCJA reduces the U.S. corporate income tax rate from a maximum of 35% to a flat 21% rate, effective January 1, 2018. This results in an effective statutory tax rate of 33.7% for the Company for the year ended February 3, 2018.
On December 22, 2017, the SEC staff issued Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118 (“SAB 118”) to address the application of GAAP in situations when a registrant does not have the necessary information available, prepared or analyzed (including computations) in reasonable detail to complete the accounting for certain income tax effects of the TCJA. The ultimate impact may differ from provisional amounts, due to changes in interpretations and assumptions the Company has made regarding application of the TCJA as well as additional regulatory guidance that may be issued. The Company has recognized the following provisional tax impacts and included these amounts in its consolidated financial statements for the year ended February 3, 2018.
As a result of the reduction in the U.S. corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21% under the TCJA, the Company revalued its ending net deferred tax liabilities at February 3, 2018 and recognized a provisional $159 million tax benefit in the Company’s Consolidated Statement of Income for the year ended February 3, 2018.
The TCJA provided for a one-time deemed mandatory repatriation of post-1986 undistributed foreign subsidiary earnings and profits (“E&P”) determined as of December 31, 2017. The Company had an estimated $704 million of undistributed foreign E&P subject to the deemed mandatory repatriation and recognized a provisional $67 million of income tax expense in the Company’s Consolidated Statement of Income for the year ended February 3, 2018, which is payable over eight years. The amount payable in excess of one year, totaling $61 million, is included within Other Long-term Liabilities on the February 3, 2018 Consolidated Balance Sheet.
Beginning in 2018, the TCJA includes a new global intangible low-taxed income (“GILTI”) provision that requires the Company to include in its U.S. income tax return foreign subsidiary earnings in excess of an allowable return on the foreign subsidiary's tangible assets. The Company has elected to account for GILTI tax in the period in which it is incurred, and

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therefore has not provided any deferred tax impacts of GILTI in its consolidated financial statements for the year ended February 3, 2018.
The following table provides the components of the Company’s provision for income taxes for fiscal 2017, 2016 and 2015:
 2017 2016 2015
 (in millions)
Current:     
U.S. Federal$366
 $345
 $553
U.S. State49
 62
 96
Non-U.S.22
 21
 21
Total437
 428
 670
Deferred:     
U.S. Federal(114) 99
 17
U.S. State6
 8
 6
Non-U.S.
 3
 (12)
Total(108) 110
 11
Provision for Income Taxes$329
 $538
 $681

The non-U.S. component of pre-tax income, arising principally from overseas operations, was income of $99 million, $134 million and $267 million for 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively.
The Company's income taxes payable reflects the tax effects from employee stock plan awards. For stock options, the taxes payable includes the tax effect of the difference between the fair market value of the stock at the time of grant and exercise. For restricted stock, the taxes payable includes the tax effect of the difference between the fair market value of the stock at the time of grant and vesting. In the first quarter of 2017, the Company adopted the new share-based compensation standard that requires prospective recognition of excess tax effects in the income statement when awards vest or are exercised.  As a result, a tax benefit of $13 million was recognized in the income tax provision for the year ended February 3, 2018. The Company had net excess tax benefits from equity awards of $42 million and $70 million in 2016 and 2015, respectively, which were reflected as increases to equity.  
The following table provides the reconciliation between the statutory federal income tax rate and the effective tax rate for fiscal 2017, 2016 and 2015:
 2017 2016 2015
Federal Income Tax Rate33.7 % 35.0 % 35.0 %
State Income Taxes, Net of Federal Income Tax Effect3.6 % 3.4 % 3.4 %
Impact of Non-U.S. Operations(1.5)% (1.2)% (1.7)%
U.S. Net Deferred Tax Liability Remeasurement(12.1)%  %  %
Deemed Mandatory Repatriation5.1 %  %  %
Share-Based Compensation(1.0)%  %  %
Foreign Portion of the Divestiture of Third-party Apparel Sourcing Business %  % (0.9)%
Resolution of Certain Tax Matters(0.9)% (4.0)%  %
Other Items, Net(1.8)% (1.5)% (0.6)%
Effective Tax Rate25.1 % 31.7 % 35.2 %

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Deferred Taxes
The following table provides the effect of temporary differences that cause deferred income taxes as of February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017. Deferred tax assets and liabilities represent the future effects on income taxes resulting from temporary differences and carryforwards at the end of the respective year.
 February 3, 2018 January 28, 2017
 Assets Liabilities Total Assets Liabilities Total
 (in millions)
Leases$47
 $
 $47
 $68
 $
 $68
Non-qualified Retirement Plan62
 
 62
 96
 
 96
Property and Equipment
 (266) (266) 
 (413) (413)
Goodwill
 (10) (10) 
 (15) (15)
Trade Names and Other Intangibles
 (91) (91) 
 (141) (141)
State Net Operating Loss Carryforwards14
 
 14
 15
 
 15
Non-U.S. Operating Loss Carryforwards188
 
 188
 155
 
 155
Valuation Allowance(212) 
 (212) (174) 
 (174)
Other, Net44
 
 44
 76
 
 76
Total Deferred Income Taxes$143
 $(367) $(224) $236
 $(569) $(333)
As of February 3, 2018, the Company had available for state income tax purposes net operating loss carryforwards which expire, if unused, in the years 2018 through 2037. For those states where the Company has determined that it is more likely than not that the state net operating loss carryforwards will not be realized, a valuation allowance has been provided.
As of February 3, 2018, the Company had available for non-U.S. tax purposes net operating loss carryforwards which expire, if unused, in the years 2028 through 2036. For certain jurisdictions where the Company has determined that it is more likely than not that the net operating loss carryforwards will not be realized, a valuation allowance has been provided on those net operating loss carryforwards as well as other net deferred tax assets.
Income tax payments were $494 million for 2017, $469 million for 2016 and $507 million for 2015.
Uncertain Tax Positions
The following table summarizes the activity related to the Company’s unrecognized tax benefits for U.S. federal, state & non-U.S. tax jurisdictions for 2017, 2016 and 2015, without interest and penalties:
 2017 2016 2015
 (in millions)
Gross Unrecognized Tax Benefits, as of the Beginning of the Fiscal Year$90
 $248
 $193
Increases in Unrecognized Tax Benefits for Prior Years3
 3
 8
Decreases in Unrecognized Tax Benefits for Prior Years(22) (73) (3)
Increases in Unrecognized Tax Benefits as a Result of Current Year Activity7
 18
 54
Decreases to Unrecognized Tax Benefits Relating to Settlements with Taxing Authorities(2) (98) 
Decreases to Unrecognized Tax Benefits as a Result of a Lapse of the Applicable Statute of Limitations(9) (8) (4)
Gross Unrecognized Tax Benefits, as of the End of the Fiscal Year$67
 $90
 $248

Of the $67 million, $90 million and $248 million of total unrecognized tax benefits at February 3, 2018, January 28, 2017, and January 30, 2016, respectively, approximately $46 million, $62 million and $217 million, respectively, represent the amount of unrecognized tax benefits that, if recognized, would favorably affect the effective income tax rate in future periods. These amounts are net of the offsetting tax effects from other tax jurisdictions.
Of the total unrecognized tax benefits, it is reasonably possible that $12 million could change in the next 12 months due to audit settlements, expiration of statute of limitations or other resolution of uncertainties. Due to the uncertain and complex application of tax regulations, it is possible that the ultimate resolution of audits may result in amounts which could be different from this estimate. In such case, the Company will record additional tax expense or tax benefit in the period in which such matters are effectively settled.

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The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits as components of income tax expense. The Company recognized interest and penalties expense (benefit) of $(2) million, $(3) million and $7 million in 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The Company has accrued $17 million and $20 million for the payment of interest and penalties as of February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017, respectively. Accrued interest and penalties are included within Other Long-term Liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
The Company files U.S. federal income tax returns as well as income tax returns in various states and in non-U.S. jurisdictions. The Company is a participant in the Compliance Assurance Process ("CAP"), which is a program made available by the Internal Revenue Service ("IRS") to certain qualifying large taxpayers, under which participants work collaboratively with the IRS to identify and resolve potential tax issues through open, cooperative and transparent interaction prior to the annual filing of their federal income tax return. The IRS is currently examining the Company's 2016 consolidated U.S. federal income tax return.
The Company is also subject to various U.S. state and local income tax examinations for the years 2010 to 2016. Finally, the Company is subject to multiple non-U.S. tax jurisdiction examinations for the years 2007 to 2016. In some situations, the Company determines that it does not have a filing requirement in a particular tax jurisdiction. Where no return has been filed, no statute of limitations applies. Accordingly, if a tax jurisdiction reaches a conclusion that a filing requirement does exist, additional years may be reviewed by the tax authority. The Company believes it has appropriately accounted for uncertainties related to this issue.

12. Long-term Debt and Borrowing Facilities
The following table provides the Company’s debt balance, net of unamortized debt issuance costs and discounts, as of February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017:
 February 3,
2018
 January 28,
2017
 (in millions)
Senior Unsecured Debt with Subsidiary Guarantee   
$1 billion, 6.875% Fixed Interest Rate Notes due November 2035 (“2035 Notes”)$990

$989
$1 billion, 5.625% Fixed Interest Rate Notes due February 2022 (“2022 Notes”)994
 992
$1 billion, 6.625% Fixed Interest Rate Notes due April 2021 (“2021 Notes”)994
 992
$700 million, 6.75% Fixed Interest Rate Notes due July 2036 (“2036 Notes”)693
 692
$500 million, 5.625% Fixed Interest Rate Notes due October 2023 (“2023 Notes”)497
 497
$500 million, 5.25% Fixed Interest Rate Notes due February 2028 (“2028 Notes”)495
 
$500 million, 8.50% Fixed Interest Rate Notes due June 2019 (“2019 Notes”) (a)
 496
$400 million, 7.00% Fixed Interest Rate Notes due May 2020 (“2020 Notes”)398
 397
Foreign Facilities with Subsidiary Guarantee1
 
Total Senior Unsecured Debt with Subsidiary Guarantee$5,062
 $5,055
Senior Unsecured Debt
 
$350 million, 6.95% Fixed Interest Rate Debentures due March 2033 (“2033 Notes”)$348
 $348
$300 million, 7.60% Fixed Interest Rate Notes due July 2037 (“2037 Notes”)297
 297
Foreign Facilities without Subsidiary Guarantee87
 36
Total Senior Unsecured Debt$732
 $681
Total$5,794
 $5,736
Current Debt(87) (36)
Total Long-term Debt, Net of Current Portion$5,707
 $5,700
_______________
(a)The balance includes a fair value interest rate hedge adjustment which increased the debt balance by $2 million as of January 28, 2017.

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The following table provides principal payments due on outstanding debt in the next five fiscal years and the remaining years thereafter:
Fiscal Year (in millions) 
2018$87
2019
2020400
20211,000
20221,001
Thereafter$3,350
 
Cash paid for interest was $391 million in 2017, $387 million in 2016 and $317 million in 2015.

Issuance of Notes
In January 2018, the Company issued $500 million of 5.25% notes due in February 2028. The obligation to pay principal and interest on these notes is jointly and severally guaranteed on a full and unconditional basis by certain of the Company's 100% owned subsidiaries (the “Guarantors”). The proceeds from the issuance were $495 million, which were net of issuance costs of $5 million. These issuance costs are being amortized through the maturity date of February 2028 and are included within Long-term Debt on the February 3, 2018 Consolidated Balance Sheet.

In June 2016, the Company issued $700 million of 6.75% notes due in July 2036. The obligation to pay principal and interest on these notes is jointly and severally guaranteed on a full and unconditional basis by the Guarantors. The proceeds from the issuance were $692 million, which were net of issuance costs of $8 million. These issuance costs are being amortized through the maturity date of July 2036 and are included within Long-term Debt on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Redemption of Notes
In January 2018, the Company used the proceeds from the 2028 Notes to redeem the $500 million 2019 Notes for $540 million. The pre-tax loss on extinguishment of this debt was $45 million (after-tax loss of $29 million), which includes write-offs of unamortized issuance costs and discounts and losses related to terminated interest rate swaps associated with the 2019 Notes. This loss is included in Other Income (Loss) in the 2017 Consolidated Statement of Income.

In July 2016, the Company used the proceeds from the 2036 Notes to redeem the $700 million 2017 Notes for $742 million. The pre-tax loss on extinguishment of this debt was $36 million (after-tax net loss of $22 million), which is net of gains of $7 million related to terminated interest rate swaps associated with the 2017 Notes. This loss is included in Other Income (Loss) in the 2016 Consolidated Statement of Income.
Revolving Facility
In May 2017, the Company entered into an Amendment of its secured revolving credit facility. The Amendment maintains the aggregate amount of the commitments of the lenders under the Revolving Facility at $1 billion and extends the termination date from July 18, 2019 to May 11, 2022. The Amendment allows certain of the Company's non-U.S. subsidiaries to borrow and obtain letters of credit in U.S. dollars, Canadian dollars, Euros, Hong Kong dollars or British pounds.
In addition, the Amendment reduced the commitment fees payable under the Revolving Facility, which are based on the Company's long-term credit rating, to 0.25% per annum. The Amendment did not modify the Company's quantitative covenant requirements, but did provide an increased limit on restricted payments in the event the Company does not meet the criteria to make these payments without limitation and provides greater flexibility with respect to the Company’s ability to grant liens on assets.
The Company incurred fees related to the Amendment of the Revolving Facility of $5 million, which were capitalized and recorded in Other Assets on the February 3, 2018 Consolidated Balance Sheet and are being amortized over the remaining term of the Revolving Facility.
The Revolving Facility fees related to committed and unutilized amounts are 0.25% per annum, and the fees related to outstanding letters of credit are 1.50% per annum. In addition, the interest rate on outstanding U.S. dollar borrowings is LIBOR plus 1.50% per annum. The interest rate on outstanding foreign denominated borrowings is the applicable benchmark rate plus 1.50% per annum.
The Revolving Facility contains fixed charge coverage and debt to EBITDA financial covenants. The Company is required to maintain a fixed charge coverage ratio of not less than 1.75 to 1.00 and a consolidated debt to consolidated EBITDA ratio not

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exceeding 4.00 to 1.00 for the most recent four-quarter period. In addition, the Revolving Facility provides that investments and restricted payments may be made, without limitation on amount, if (a) at the time of and after giving effect to such investment or restricted payment, the ratio of consolidated debt to consolidated EBITDA for the most recent four-quarter period is less than 3.00 to 1.00 and (b) no default or event of default exists. As of February 3, 2018, the Company was in compliance with both of its financial covenants, and the ratio of consolidated debt to consolidated EBITDA was less than 3.00 to 1.00.
As of February 3, 2018, there were no borrowings outstanding under the Revolving Facility.
The Revolving Facility supports the Company’s letter of credit program. The Company had $9 million of outstanding letters of credit as of February 3, 2018 that reduced its remaining availability under the Revolving Facility.
Foreign Facilities
In addition to the Revolving Facility, the Company maintains various revolving and term loan bank facilities to support operations in Greater China. These facilities allow certain of the Company's Greater China subsidiaries to borrow and obtain letters of credit in U.S. dollars and Chinese yuan.
During the fourth quarter of 2017, the Company entered into a new revolving facility with availability totaling $100 million. The obligation to pay principal and interest is jointly and severally guaranteed on a full and unconditional basis by L Brands, Inc. and the Guarantors. The interest rates on outstanding borrowings are based upon the applicable benchmark rate for the currency of each borrowing. During 2017, the Company borrowed $1 million under this facility. This borrowing, which matures on May 11, 2022, is included within Long-term Debt on the February 3, 2018 Consolidated Balance Sheet.
The Company also maintains various revolving and term loan bank facilities that are guaranteed by L Brands, Inc. with availability totaling $100 million. The interest rates on outstanding borrowings are based upon the applicable benchmark rate for the currency of each borrowing. During 2017, the Company borrowed $95 million and made payments of $44 million under these facilities. The maximum daily amount outstanding at any point in time during 2017 was $97 million. Current borrowings on these facilities mature between February 6, 2018 and December 18, 2018 and are included within Current Debt on the February 3, 2018 Consolidated Balance Sheet.

13. Derivative Financial Instruments
Foreign Exchange Derivative Instruments
The earnings of the Company's wholly owned foreign businesses are subject to exchange rate risk as substantially all of their merchandise is sourced through U.S. dollar transactions. The Company uses foreign currency forward contracts designated as cash flow hedges to mitigate this foreign currency exposure for its Canadian and U.K. businesses. These forward contracts currently have a maximum term of 18 months. Amounts are reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) upon sale of the hedged merchandise to the customer. These gains and losses are recognized in Costs of Goods Sold, Buying and Occupancy on the Consolidated Statements of Income.

The Company had a cross-currency swap related to an intercompany loan of approximately CAD$170 million that matured in January 2018 which was designated as a cash flow hedge of foreign currency exchange risk. This cross-currency swap mitigated the exposures to fluctuations in the U.S. dollar-Canadian dollar exchange rate related to the Company's Canadian operations. Changes in the U.S. dollar-Canadian dollar exchange rate and the related swap settlements resulted in reclassification of amounts from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to earnings to completely offset foreign currency transaction gains and losses recognized on the intercompany loan.

The Company uses foreign currency forward contracts to mitigate the impact of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates relative to recognized payable balances denominated in non-functional currencies. The fair value of these non-designated foreign currency forward contracts is not significant as of February 3, 2018.

The following table provides the U.S. dollar notional amount of outstanding foreign currency derivative financial instruments as of February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017:
 February 3,
2018
 January 28,
2017
 (in millions)
Notional Amount$217
 $360


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The following table provides a summary of the fair value and balance sheet classification of outstanding derivative financial instruments designated as foreign currency cash flow hedges as of February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017:
 February 3,
2018
 January 28,
2017
 (in millions)
Other Current Assets$
 $18
Accrued Expenses and Other8
 1
Other Long-term Liabilities1
 

The following table provides a summary of the pre-tax financial statement effect of the gains and losses on derivative financial instruments designated as foreign currency cash flow hedges for 2017 and 2016:
 2017 2016
 (in millions)
Gain (Loss) Recognized in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income$(21) $(8)
(Gain) Loss Reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income into Cost of Goods Sold, Buying and Occupancy Expense (a)(1) (1)
(Gain) Loss Reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income into Other Income (Loss) (b)8
 8
________________
(a)Represents reclassification of amounts from accumulated other comprehensive income to earnings when the hedged merchandise is sold to the customer. No ineffectiveness was associated with these foreign currency cash flow hedges.
(b)Represents reclassification of amounts from accumulated other comprehensive income to earnings to completely offset foreign currency transaction gains and losses recognized on the intercompany loan.  No ineffectiveness was associated with this foreign currency cash flow hedge.

The Company estimates that $8 million of losses included in accumulated other comprehensive income as of February 3, 2018  related to foreign currency forward contracts designated as cash flow hedges will be reclassified into earnings within the following 12 months. Actual amounts ultimately reclassified depend on the exchange rates in effect when derivative contracts that are currently outstanding mature.

14. Fair Value Measurements
The following table provides a summary of the principal value and estimated fair value of long-term debt, excluding Foreign Facility borrowings, as of February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017:
     
 February 3,
2018
 January 28,
2017
 (in millions)
Principal Value$5,750
 $5,750
Fair Value (a)5,943
 6,030
________________
(a)
The estimated fair value of the Company’s publicly traded debt is based on reported transaction prices which are considered Level 2 inputs in accordance with ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement. The estimates presented are not necessarily indicative of the amounts that the Company could realize in a current market exchange.

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The following table provides a summary of assets and liabilities measured in the consolidated financial statements at fair value on a recurring basis as of February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017:
 
 Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Total
 (in millions)
As of February 3, 2018 
Assets:       
Cash and Cash Equivalents$1,515
 $
 $
 $1,515
Marketable Securities17
 
 
 17
Liabilities:       
Foreign Currency Cash Flow Hedges
 9
 
 9
As of January 28, 2017       
Assets:       
Cash and Cash Equivalents$1,934
 $
 $
 $1,934
Marketable Securities5
 
 
 5
Interest Rate Fair Value Hedges
 2
 
 2
Foreign Currency Cash Flow Hedges
 18
 
 18
Liabilities:      

Foreign Currency Cash Flow Hedges
 1
 
 1

The Company's Level 1 fair value measurements use unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets. The Company's marketable securities are classified as Level 1 fair value measurements as they are traded with sufficient frequency and volume to enable the Company to obtain pricing information on an ongoing basis.

In the fourth quarter of 2017, the Company purchased $10 million of marketable equity securities which are classified as available-for-sale as of the end of 2017. The cash payment is included in Purchases of Marketable Securities in the Investing Activities section of the 2017 Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows.

In 2015, the Company purchased $10 million in marketable equity securities which are classified as available-for-sale. In the first quarter of 2016, the Company sold a portion of this investment for $10 million and recognized a pre-tax gain of $4 million (after-tax gain of $3 million). The gain is included in Other Income (Loss) in the 2016 Consolidated Statement of Income, and the cash proceeds are included in Proceeds from Sale of Marketable Securities in the Investing Activities section of the 2016 Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows.

The Company’s Level 2 fair value measurements use market approach valuation techniques. The primary inputs to these techniques include benchmark interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates, as applicable to the underlying instruments.
Management believes that the carrying values of accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued expenses and current debt approximate fair value because of their short maturity.

15. Comprehensive Income
Comprehensive Income includes gains and losses on derivative instruments, unrealized holding gains and losses on marketable securities classified as available-for-sale and foreign currency translation adjustments. The cumulative gains and losses on these items are included in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income on the Consolidated Balance Sheets and Consolidated Statements of Shareholders' Equity (Deficit).

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The following table provides the rollforward of accumulated other comprehensive income for 2017:
 Foreign Currency Translation Cash Flow Hedges Marketable Securities Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
 (in millions)
Balance as of January 28, 2017$9
 $3
 $
 $12
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) Before Reclassifications23
 (21) 2
 4
Amounts Reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
 7
 
 7
Tax Effect
 1
 
 1
Current-period Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)23
 (13) 2
 12
Balance as of February 3, 2018$32
 $(10) $2
 $24
The following table provides the rollforward of accumulated other comprehensive income for 2016:
 Foreign Currency Translation Cash Flow Hedges Marketable Securities Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
 (in millions)
Balance as of January 30, 2016$28
 $4
 $8
 $40
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) Before Reclassifications(19) (8) (8) (35)
Amounts Reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
 7
 (4) 3
Tax Effect
 
 4
 4
Current-period Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)(19) (1) (8) (28)
Balance as of January 28, 2017$9
 $3
 $
 $12

The following table provides a summary of the reclassification adjustments out of accumulated other comprehensive income for 2017 and 2016:
Details About Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income Components Amounts Reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income Location on Consolidated Statements of Income
  2017 2016  
  (in millions)  
(Gain) Loss on Cash Flow Hedges $(1) $(1) 
Costs of Goods Sold, Buying and Occupancy

  8
 8
 Other Income (Loss)
  
 
 Provision for Income Taxes
  $7
 $7
 Net Income
       
Sale of Available-for-Sale Securities $
 $(4) Other Income (Loss)
  
 1
 Provision for Income Taxes
  $
 $(3) Net Income

16. Leases
The Company is committed to noncancellable leases with remaining terms generally from one to 10 years. A substantial portion of the Company’s leases consist of store leases generally with an initial term of 10 years. Annual store rent consists of a fixed minimum amount and/or contingent rent based on a percentage of sales exceeding a stipulated amount. Store lease terms generally require additional payments covering certain operating costs such as common area maintenance, utilities, insurance and taxes. These additional payments are excluded from the table below.

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The following table provides rent expense for 2017, 2016 and 2015:
 2017 2016 2015
 (in millions)
Store Rent:     
Fixed Minimum$642
 $607
 $535
Contingent67
 71
 73
Total Store Rent709
 678
 608
Office, Equipment and Other94
 87
 77
Gross Rent Expense803
 765
 685
Sublease Rental Income(2) (2) (2)
Total Rent Expense$801
 $763
 $683

The following table provides the Company’s minimum rent commitments under noncancellable operating leases in the next five fiscal years and the remaining years thereafter:
Fiscal Year (in millions) (a) 
2018$730
2019695
2020663
2021617
2022543
Thereafter$2,080
 ________________
(a)Excludes additional payments covering taxes, common area costs and certain other expenses generally required by store lease terms.

17. Commitments and Contingencies
The Company is subject to various claims and contingencies related to lawsuits, taxes, insurance, regulatory and other matters arising out of the normal course of business. Actions filed against the Company from time to time include commercial, tort, intellectual property, customer, employment, data privacy, securities and other claims, including purported class action lawsuits. Management believes that the ultimate liability arising from such claims and contingencies, if any, is not likely to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.
Guarantees
In connection with the disposition of a certain business, the Company has remaining guarantees of $10 million related to lease payments under the current terms of noncancellable leases expiring at various dates through 2021. These guarantees include minimum rent and additional payments covering taxes, common area costs and certain other expenses and relate to leases that commenced prior to the disposition of the business. In certain instances, the Company’s guarantee may remain in effect if the term of a lease is extended. The Company has not recorded a liability with respect to these guarantee obligations as of February 3, 2018 or January 28, 2017 as it concluded that payments under these guarantees were not probable.
In connection with noncancellable operating leases of certain assets, the Company provided residual value guarantees to the lessor if the leased assets cannot be sold for an amount in excess of a specified minimum value at the conclusion of the lease term. The leases expire at various dates through 2021, and the total amount of the guarantees is $104 million. The Company recorded a liability of $3 million and $1 million related to these guarantee obligations as of February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017, respectively, which are included in Other Long-term Liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

18. Retirement Benefits
The Company sponsors a tax-qualified defined contribution retirement plan and a non-qualified supplemental retirement plan for substantially all of its associates within the U.S. Participation in the tax-qualified plan is available to associates who meet certain age and service requirements. Participation in the non-qualified plan is available to associates who meet certain age, service, job level and compensation requirements.
The qualified plan permits participating associates to elect contributions up to the maximum limits allowable under the Internal Revenue Code. The Company matches associate contributions according to a predetermined formula and contributes additional amounts based on a percentage of the associates’ eligible annual compensation and years of service. Associate contributions

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and Company matching contributions vest immediately. Additional Company contributions and the related investment earnings are subject to vesting based on years of service. Total expense recognized related to the qualified plan was $68 million for 2017, $67 million for 2016 and $64 million for 2015.
The non-qualified plan is an unfunded plan which provides benefits beyond the Internal Revenue Code limits for qualified defined contribution plans. The plan permits participating associates to elect contributions up to a maximum percentage of eligible compensation. The Company matches associate contributions according to a predetermined formula and contributes additional amounts based on a percentage of the associates’ eligible compensation and years of service. The plan also permits participating associates to defer additional compensation up to a maximum amount which the Company does not match. Associates’ accounts are credited with interest using a fixed rate determined by the Company and reviewed by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors, prior to the beginning of each year. Associate contributions and the related interest vest immediately. Company contributions, along with related interest, are subject to vesting based on years of service. Associates may elect in-service distributions for the unmatched additional deferred compensation component only. The remaining vested portion of associates’ accounts in the plan will be distributed upon termination of employment in either a lump sum or in annual installments over a specified period of up to 10 years.
The following table provides the Company’s annual activity for this plan and year-end liability, included in Other Long-term Liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheets, as of February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017:
 February 3,
2018
 January 28,
2017
 (in millions)
Balance at Beginning of Year$258
 $274
Contributions:   
Associate9
 14
Company9
 14
Interest11
 12
Distributions(18) (56)
Balance at End of Year$269
 $258
Total expense recognized related to the non-qualified plan was $20 million for 2017, $26 million for 2016 and $30 million for 2015.

19. Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit)
Common Stock Share Repurchases
Under the authority of the Company’s Board of Directors, the Company repurchased shares of its common stock under the following repurchase programs for fiscal 20172016 and 2015:
    Shares Repurchased Amount Repurchased 
Average Stock
Price of
Shares
Repurchased
within
Program
Repurchase Program Amount Authorized 2017 2016 2015 2017 2016 2015 
  (in millions) (in thousands) (in millions)  
September 2017 $250
 3,858
 NA
 NA
 $202
 NA
 NA
 $52.37
February 2017 250
 5,500
 NA
 NA
 240
 NA
 NA
 $43.57
February 2016 500
 51
 5,719
 NA
 3
 $438
 NA
 $76.47
June 2015 250
 NA
 NA
 2,680
 NA
 NA
 $233
 $87.06
February 2015 250
 NA
 NA
 2,788
 NA
 NA
 250
 $89.45
Total   9,409
 5,719
 5,468
 $445
 $438
 $483
  
In September 2017, the Company's Board of Directors approved a $250 million share repurchase program, which included the $10 million remaining under the February 2017 repurchase program.
In February 2017, the Company's Board of Directors approved a $250 million share repurchase program, which included the $59 million remaining under the February 2016 repurchase program.
In February 2016, the Company's Board of Directors approved a $500 million share repurchase program, which included the $17 million remaining under the June 2015 repurchase program.

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In June 2015, the Company's Board of Directors approved a $250 million share repurchase program, which included the $0.6 million remaining under the February 2015 repurchase program.
In February 2015, the Company's Board of Directors approved a $250 million share repurchase program, which included the $91 million remaining under the November 2012 repurchase program.
There were $2 million and $3 million of share repurchases reflected in Accounts Payable on the February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017 Consolidated Balance Sheets, respectively.
Subsequent to February 3, 2018, the Company's Board of Directors approved a new $250 million share repurchase program, which included the $23 million remaining under the September 2017 repurchase program. The Company repurchased an additional 0.8 million shares of common stock for $35 million subsequent to February 3, 2018.
Treasury Stock Retirement
In November 2017, the Company retired 36 million shares of its treasury stock. The retirement resulted in a reduction of $2.036 billion in Treasury Stock, $18 million in the par value of Common Stock, $82 million in Paid-in Capital and $1.936 billion in Retained Earnings.
Dividends
Under the authority and declaration of the Board of Directors, the Company paid the following dividends during fiscal 20172016 and 2015:
 Ordinary Dividends Special Dividends Total Dividends Total Paid
 (per share) (in millions)
2017       
Fourth Quarter$0.60
 $
 $0.60
 $170
Third Quarter0.60
 
 0.60
 172
Second Quarter0.60
 
 0.60
 172
First Quarter0.60
 
 0.60
 172
2017 Total$2.40
 $
 $2.40
 $686
2016       
Fourth Quarter$0.60
 $
 $0.60
 $172
Third Quarter0.60
 
 0.60
 173
Second Quarter0.60
 
 0.60
 173
First Quarter0.60
 2.00
 2.60
 750
2016 Total$2.40
 $2.00
 $4.40
 $1,268
2015       
Fourth Quarter$0.50
 $
 $0.50
 $145
Third Quarter0.50
 
 0.50
 146
Second Quarter0.50
 
 0.50
 146
First Quarter0.50
 2.00
 2.50
 734
2015 Total$2.00
 $2.00
 $4.00
 $1,171
Subsequent to February 3, 2018, the Company's Board of Directors declared the first quarter of 2018 ordinary dividend of $0.60 per share.

20. Share-based Compensation
Plan Summary
In 2015, the Company's shareholders approved the 2015 Stock Option and Performance Incentive Plan ("2015 Plan"). The 2015 plan provides for the grant of incentive stock options, non-qualified stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, performance-based restricted stock, performance units and unrestricted shares. The Company grants stock options at a price equal to the fair market value of the stock on the date of grant. Stock options have a maximum term of 10 years. Stock options generally vest ratably over 3 to 5 years. Restricted stock generally vests (the restrictions lapse) at the end of a three-year period or on a graded basis over a five-year period.

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Under the Company’s plans, approximately 160 million options, restricted and unrestricted shares have been authorized to be granted to employees and directors. Approximately 12 million options and shares were available for grant as of February 3, 2018.
From time to time the Company's Board of Directors will declare special dividends. For additional information, see Note 19, "Shareholders' Equity (Deficit)." In accordance with the anti-dilutive provisions of the stock plan, in these circumstances the Company adjusts both the exercise price and the number of share-based awards outstanding as of the record date of the special dividends. The aggregate fair value, the aggregate intrinsic value and the ratio of the exercise price to the market price are approximately equal immediately before and after the adjustments. Therefore, no compensation expense is recognized.
Stock Options
The following table provides the Company’s stock option activity for the fiscal year ended February 3, 2018:
 
Number of
Shares
 
Weighted
Average
Option
Price Per
Share
 
Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
 (in thousands)   (in years) (in thousands)
Outstanding as of January 28, 20175,439
 $47.17
    
Granted1,163
 47.12
    
Exercised(1,845) 20.70
    
Cancelled(285) 63.62
    
Outstanding as of February 3, 20184,472
 $57.03
 6.53 $18,313
Vested and Expected to Vest as of February 3, 2018 (a)4,316
 57.03
 6.44 18,265
Options Exercisable as of February 3, 20182,202
 50.05
 4.72 17,489
 ________________
(a)The number of options expected to vest includes an estimate of expected forfeitures.
Intrinsic value for stock options is the difference between the current market value of the Company’s stock and the option strike price. The total intrinsic value of options exercised was $44 million for 2017, $30 million for 2016 and $63 million for 2015.
The total fair value at grant date of option awards vested was $10 million for 2017 and 2016, and $11 million for 2015.
The Company’s total unrecognized compensation cost, net of estimated forfeitures, related to nonvested options was $14 million as of February 3, 2018. This cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.6 years.
The weighted-average estimated fair value of stock options granted was $5.96 per share for 2017, $11.72 per share for 2016 and $15.27 per share for 2015.
Cash received from stock options exercised was $38 million for 2017, $20 million for 2016 and $33 million for 2015. Tax benefits realized from tax deductions associated with stock options exercised were $16 million for 2017, $9 million for 2016 and $20 million for 2015.
The Company uses the Black-Scholes option-pricing model for valuation of options granted to employees and directors. The Company’s determination of the fair value of options is affected by the Company’s stock price as well as assumptions regarding a number of highly complex and subjective variables. These variables include, but are not limited to, the Company’s expected stock price volatility over the term of the awards and projected employee stock option exercise behaviors.
The following table contains the weighted-average assumptions used during 2017, 2016 and 2015:
 2017 2016 2015
Expected Volatility28% 25% 26%
Risk-free Interest Rate1.5% 1.1% 1.1%
Dividend Yield5.1% 3.3% 2.7%
Expected Life (in years)3.0
 4.1
 4.5

The majority of the Company’s stock-based compensation awards are granted on an annual basis in the first quarter of each year. The expected volatility assumption is based on the Company’s analysis of historical volatility. The risk-free interest rate assumption is based upon the average daily closing rates during the period for U.S. treasury notes that have a life which

81


approximates the expected life of the option. The dividend yield assumption is based on the Company’s history and expectation of dividend payouts in relation to the stock price at the grant date. The expected life of employee stock options represents the weighted-average period the stock options are expected to remain outstanding.
Restricted Stock
The following table provides the Company’s restricted stock activity for the fiscal year ended February 3, 2018:
 
Number of
Shares
 
Weighted
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
 (in thousands)  
Unvested as of January 28, 20175,292
 $64.14
Granted2,571
 39.21
Vested(1,800) 48.48
Cancelled(364) 62.09
Unvested as of February 3, 20185,699
 57.97
 
The Company’s total intrinsic value of restricted stock vested was $86 million for 2017, $140 million for 2016 and $217 million for 2015.
The Company’s total fair value at grant date of awards vested was $87 million for 2017, $68 million for 2016 and $80 million for 2015. Fair value of restricted stock awards is based on the market value of an unrestricted share on the grant date adjusted for anticipated dividend yields.
As of February 3, 2018, there was $134 million of total unrecognized compensation cost, net of estimated forfeitures, related to unvested restricted stock. That cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.6 years.
The weighted-average estimated fair value of restricted stock granted was $39.21 per share for 2017, $75.09 per share for 2016 and $85.61 per share for 2015.
Tax benefits realized from tax deductions associated with restricted stock vested were $32 million for 2017, $61 million for 2016 and $82 million for 2015.
Income Statement Impact
The following table provides share-based compensation expense included in the Consolidated Statements of Income for 2017, 2016 and 2015:
 2017 2016 2015
 (in millions)
Costs of Goods Sold, Buying and Occupancy$32
 $31
 $27
General, Administrative and Store Operating Expenses70
 65
 70
Total Share-based Compensation Expense$102
 $96
 $97

Share-based compensation expense is based on awards that are ultimately expected to vest. The Company estimates forfeitures at the time of grant and adjusts, if necessary, in subsequent periods based on historical experience and expected future termination rates.
The tax benefit associated with recognized share-based compensation expense was $23 million for 2017, $32 million for 2016 and $33 million for 2015.

21. Segment Information
The Company has three reportable segments: Victoria’s Secret, Bath & Body Works and Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works International.
The Victoria’s Secret segment sells women’s intimate and other apparel, personal care and beauty products under the Victoria’s Secret and PINK brand names. Victoria’s Secret merchandise is sold online and through retail stores located in the U.S. and Canada.

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The Bath & Body Works segment sells body care, home fragrance products, soaps and sanitizers under the Bath & Body Works, White Barn, C.O. Bigelow and other brand names. Bath & Body Works merchandise is sold online and at retail stores located in the U.S. and Canada.
The Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works International segment includes the Victoria's Secret and Bath & Body Works company-owned and partner-operated stores located outside of the U.S. and Canada, as well as its online business in Greater China on the Tmall domestic platform. This segment includes the following:
Victoria's Secret International, comprised of company-owned stores in the U.K., Ireland and Greater China, as well as stores operated by partners under franchise and license arrangements;
Victoria's Secret Beauty and Accessories, comprised of company-owned stores in Greater China, as well as stores operated by partners under franchise, license and wholesale arrangements, which feature Victoria's Secret branded beauty and accessories products in travel retail and other locations; and
Bath & Body Works International stores in travel retail and other locations operated by partners under franchise, license and wholesale arrangements.
Other consists of the following:
Mast Global, a merchandise sourcing and production function serving the Company and its international partners;
La Senza, which sells women's intimate apparel online and through company-owned stores located in Canada and the U.S., as well as stores operated by partners under franchise and license arrangements;
Henri Bendel, which sells handbags, jewelry and other accessory products online and through company-owned stores; and
Corporate functions including non-core real estate, equity investments and other governance functions such as treasury and tax.

83


The following table provides the Company’s segment information as of and for the fiscal years ended February 3, 2018, January 28, 2017 and January 30, 2016:
 
Victoria’s
Secret
 
Bath & Body
Works
 
Victoria’s Secret
and
Bath &
Body Works
International
 Other Total
 (in millions)
February 3, 2018         
Net Sales$7,387
 $4,148
 $502
 $595
 $12,632
Depreciation and Amortization279
 101
 30
 114
 524
Operating Income (Loss)932
 953
 5
 (162) 1,728
Total Assets (a)3,369
 1,753
 800
 2,227
 8,149
Capital Expenditures270
 232
 111
 94
 707
January 28, 2017         
Net Sales$7,781
 $3,852
 $423
 $518
 $12,574
Depreciation and Amortization252
 91
 17
 112
 472
Operating Income (Loss)1,173
 907
 40
 (117) 2,003
Total Assets (a)3,285
 1,632
 593
 2,660
 8,170
Capital Expenditures460
 250
 68
 212
 990
January 30, 2016         
Net Sales$7,672
 $3,587
 $385
 $510
 $12,154
Depreciation and Amortization218
 70
 16
 111
 415
Operating Income (Loss)1,391
 858
 88
 (145) 2,192
Total Assets (a)3,163
 1,556
 436
 3,338
 8,493
Capital Expenditures411
 166
 33
 117
 727
________________
(a)Assets are allocated to the operating segments based on decision making authority relevant to the applicable assets.
The Company’s international net sales include sales from company-owned stores, royalty revenue from franchise and license arrangements, wholesale revenues and direct sales shipped internationally. Certain of these sales are subject to the impact of fluctuations in foreign currency. The Company's international net sales across all segments totaled $1.553 billion in 2017, $1.408 billion in 2016 and $1.314 billion in 2015. The Company’s internationally based long-lived assets were $451 million as of February 3, 2018 and $357 million as of January 28, 2017.

22. Quarterly Financial Data (Unaudited)
The following table provides summarized quarterly financial data for 2017:
 Fiscal Quarter Ended
 
April 29,
2017
 
July 29,
2017
 
October 28,
2017
 
February 3,
2018 (a)(b)(c)
 (in millions except per share data)
Net Sales$2,437
 $2,755
 $2,618
 $4,823
Gross Profit903
 1,028
 989
 2,040
Operating Income209
 301
 232
 987
Income Before Income Taxes118
 217
 135
 842
Net Income94
 139
 86
 664
Net Income Per Basic Share (d)$0.33
 $0.48
 $0.30
 $2.36
Net Income Per Diluted Share (d)$0.33
 $0.48
 $0.30
 $2.33
 ________________
(a)Includes the effect of a pre-tax loss of $45 million ($29 million net of tax) associated with the early extinguishment of the 2019 Notes, included in other income (loss).
(b)Includes the effect of a $92 million tax benefit related to changes in U.S. tax legislation.
(c)The Company utilizes the retail calendar for reporting. As such, the results for fiscal 2017 represent the 53-week period ended February 3, 2018 and the fourth quarter consists of a 14-week period.

84


(d)Due to changes in stock prices during the year and timing of issuances and repurchases of shares, the cumulative total of quarterly net income per share amounts may not equal the net income per share for the year.
The following table provides summarized quarterly financial data for 2016:
 Fiscal Quarter Ended
 April 30,
2016 (a)
 July 30,
2016 (b)
 October 29,
2016
 January 28,
2017 (c)
 (in millions except per share data)
Net Sales$2,614
 $2,890
 $2,581
 $4,489
Gross Profit1,043
 1,113
 1,025
 1,944
Operating Income323
 408
 284
 988
Income Before Income Taxes233
 380
 190
 893
Net Income152
 252
 122
 632
Net Income Per Basic Share (d)$0.53
 $0.88
 $0.43
 $2.21
Net Income Per Diluted Share (d)$0.52
 $0.87
 $0.42
 $2.18
 ________________
(a)Includes the effect of a pre-tax gain of $35 million ($21 million net of tax) included in operating income, related to actions at Victoria's Secret, including severance charges, fabric cancellations and the write-off of catalogue paper.
(b)Includes the effect of a pre-tax gain of $108 million ($70 million net of tax) related to a cash distribution from Easton Town Center, offset by a pre-tax loss of $36 million ($22 million net of tax) associated with the early extinguishment of the 2017 Notes, included in other income (loss).
(c)Includes the effect of a $42 million tax benefit related to the favorable resolution of a discrete income tax matter.
(d)Due to changes in stock prices during the year and timing of issuances and repurchases of shares, the cumulative total of quarterly net income per share amounts may not equal the net income per share for the year.

23. Subsequent Events
Subsequent to February 3, 2018, the Company's Board of Directors approved a new $250 million share repurchase program, which included the $23 million remaining under the September 2017 repurchase program. The Company repurchased an additional 0.8 million shares of common stock for $35 million subsequent to February 3, 2018.
The Company's Board of Directors declared the first quarter of 2018 ordinary dividend of $0.60 per share. For additional information, see Note 19, "Shareholders' Equity (Deficit)."

24. Supplemental Guarantor Financial Information
The Company’s 2020 Notes, 2021 Notes, 2022 Notes, 2023 Notes, 2028 Notes, 2035 Notes, 2036 Notes and certain of its Foreign Facilities are jointly and severally guaranteed on a full and unconditional basis by the Guarantors. The Company is a holding company, and its most significant assets are the stock of its subsidiaries. The Guarantors represent: (a) substantially all of the sales of the Company’s domestic subsidiaries, (b) more than 90% of the assets owned by the Company’s domestic subsidiaries, other than real property, certain other assets and intercompany investments and balances, and (c) more than 95% of the accounts receivable and inventory directly owned by the Company’s domestic subsidiaries.
The following supplemental financial information sets forth for the Company and its guarantor and non-guarantor subsidiaries: the Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheets as of February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017 and the Condensed Consolidating Statements of Income, Comprehensive Income and Cash Flows for the years ended February 3, 2018January 28, 2017 and January 30, 2016.












85


L BRANDS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING BALANCE SHEET
(in millions)
 
 February 3, 2018
 L Brands, Inc. 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-guarantor
Subsidiaries
 Eliminations 
Consolidated
L Brands, Inc.
ASSETS         
Current Assets:         
Cash and Cash Equivalents$
 $1,164
 $351
 $
 $1,515
Accounts Receivable, Net
 186
 124
 
 310
Inventories
 1,095
 145
 
 1,240
Other
 132
 96
 
 228
Total Current Assets
 2,577
 716
 
 3,293
Property and Equipment, Net
 1,984
 909
 
 2,893
Goodwill
 1,318
 30
 
 1,348
Trade Names
 411
 
 
 411
Net Investments in and Advances to/from Consolidated Affiliates4,912
 18,359
 2,106
 (25,377) 
Deferred Income Taxes
 10
 4
 
 14
Other Assets129
 18
 654
 (611) 190
Total Assets$5,041
 $24,677
 $4,419
 $(25,988) $8,149
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY (DEFICIT)         
Current Liabilities:         
Accounts Payable$2
 $349
 $366
 $
 $717
Accrued Expenses and Other101
 529
 399
 
 1,029
Current Debt
 
 87
 
 87
Income Taxes6
 174
 18
 
 198
Total Current Liabilities109
 1,052
 870
 
 2,031
Deferred Income Taxes(2) (46) 286
 
 238
Long-term Debt5,706
 597
 1
 (597) 5,707
Other Long-term Liabilities3
 835
 100
 (14) 924
Total Equity (Deficit)(775) 22,239
 3,162
 (25,377) (751)
Total Liabilities and Equity (Deficit)$5,041
 $24,677
 $4,419
 $(25,988) $8,149

86


L BRANDS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING BALANCE SHEET
(in millions)
 
 January 28, 2017
 L Brands, Inc. 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-guarantor
Subsidiaries
 Eliminations 
Consolidated
L Brands, Inc.
ASSETS         
Current Assets:         
Cash and Cash Equivalents$
 $1,562
 $372
 $
 $1,934
Accounts Receivable, Net
 228
 66
 
 294
Inventories
 976
 120
 
 1,096
Other
 53
 88
 
 141
Total Current Assets
 2,819
 646
 
 3,465
Property and Equipment, Net
 1,897
 844
 
 2,741
Goodwill
 1,318
 30
 
 1,348
Trade Names
 411
 
 
 411
Net Investments in and Advances to/from Consolidated Affiliates4,923
 15,824
 1,350
 (22,097) 
Deferred Income Taxes
 10
 9
 
 19
Other Assets130
 28
 639
 (611) 186
Total Assets$5,053
 $22,307
 $3,518
 $(22,708) $8,170
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY (DEFICIT)         
Current Liabilities:         
Accounts Payable$3
 $326
 $354
 $
 $683
Accrued Expenses and Other100
 526
 371
 
 997
Current Debt
 
 36
 
 36
Income Taxes(11) 221
 88
 
 298
Total Current Liabilities92
 1,073
 849
 
 2,014
Deferred Income Taxes(3) (93) 448
 
 352
Long-term Debt5,700
 597
 
 (597) 5,700
Other Long-term Liabilities3
 761
 81
 (14) 831
Total Equity (Deficit)(739) 19,969
 2,140
 (22,097) (727)
Total Liabilities and Equity (Deficit)$5,053
 $22,307
 $3,518
 $(22,708) $8,170

87


L BRANDS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENT OF INCOME
(in millions)
 
 2017
 L Brands, Inc. 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-guarantor
Subsidiaries
 Eliminations 
Consolidated
L Brands, Inc.
Net Sales$
 $11,931
 $3,728
 $(3,027) $12,632
Costs of Goods Sold, Buying and Occupancy
 (7,463) (2,868) 2,658
 (7,673)
Gross Profit
 4,468
 860
 (369) 4,959
General, Administrative and Store Operating Expenses(10) (3,063) (426) 268
 (3,231)
Operating Income (Loss)(10) 1,405
 434
 (101) 1,728
Interest Expense(403) (99) (13) 109
 (406)
Other Income (Loss)(46) 11
 25
 
 (10)
Income (Loss) Before Income Taxes(459) 1,317
 446
 8
 1,312
Provision (Benefit) for Income Taxes65
 316
 (52) 
 329
Equity in Earnings, Net of Tax1,507
 522
 412
 (2,441) 
Net Income (Loss)$983
 $1,523
 $910
 $(2,433) $983


L BRANDS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(in millions)
 
 2017
 L Brands, Inc. 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-guarantor
Subsidiaries
 Eliminations Consolidated
L Brands, Inc.
Net Income (Loss)$983
 $1,523
 $910
 $(2,433) $983
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net of Tax:         
Foreign Currency Translation
 
 23
 
 23
Unrealized Gain (Loss) on Cash Flow Hedges
 
 (20) 
 (20)
Reclassification of Cash Flow Hedges to Earnings
 
 7
 
 7
Unrealized Gain (Loss) on Marketable Securities
 
 2
 
 2
Total Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net of Tax
 
 12
 
 12
Total Comprehensive Income (Loss)$983
 $1,523
 $922
 $(2,433) $995


88


L BRANDS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENT OF INCOME
(in millions)
 
 2016
 L Brands, Inc. 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-guarantor
Subsidiaries
 Eliminations Consolidated
L Brands, Inc.
Net Sales$
 $11,959
 $3,533
 $(2,918) $12,574
Costs of Goods Sold, Buying and Occupancy
 (7,277) (2,854) 2,682
 (7,449)
Gross Profit
 4,682
 679
 (236) 5,125
General, Administrative and Store Operating Expenses(8) (2,843) (457) 186
 (3,122)
Operating Income (Loss)(8) 1,839
 222
 (50) 2,003
Interest Expense(394) (60) (11) 71
 (394)
Other Income (Loss)(35) 3
 119
 
 87
Income (Loss) Before Income Taxes(437) 1,782
 330
 21
 1,696
Provision (Benefit) for Income Taxes(10) 432
 116
 
 538
Equity in Earnings, Net of Tax1,585
 39
 376
 (2,000) 
Net Income (Loss)$1,158
 $1,389
 $590
 $(1,979) $1,158


L BRANDS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(in millions)
 
 2016
 L Brands, Inc. 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-guarantor
Subsidiaries
 Eliminations Consolidated
L Brands, Inc.
Net Income (Loss)$1,158
 $1,389
 $590
 $(1,979) $1,158
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net of Tax:         
Foreign Currency Translation
 
 (19) 
 (19)
Unrealized Gain (Loss) on Cash Flow Hedges
 
 (8) 
 (8)
Reclassification of Cash Flow Hedges to Earnings
 
 7
 
 7
Unrealized Gain (Loss) on Marketable Securities
 
 (5) 
 (5)
Reclassification of Gain on Marketable Securities to Earnings
 
 (3) 
 (3)
Total Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net of Tax



(28)


(28)
Total Comprehensive Income (Loss)$1,158
 $1,389
 $562
 $(1,979) $1,130


89


L BRANDS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENT OF INCOME
(in millions)
 
 2015
 L Brands, Inc. 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-guarantor
Subsidiaries
 Eliminations Consolidated
L Brands, Inc.
Net Sales$
 $11,475
 $3,570
 $(2,891) $12,154
Costs of Goods Sold, Buying and Occupancy
 (6,843) (2,858) 2,751
 (6,950)
Gross Profit
 4,632
 712
 (140) 5,204
General, Administrative and Store Operating Expenses(12) (2,688) (440) 128
 (3,012)
Operating Income (Loss)(12) 1,944
 272
 (12) 2,192
Interest Expense(334) (38) (9) 47
 (334)
Other Income (Loss)
 5
 71
 
 76
Income (Loss) Before Income Taxes(346) 1,911
 334
 35
 1,934
Provision (Benefit) for Income Taxes(2) 478
 205
 
 681
Equity in Earnings, Net of Tax1,597
 94
 348
 (2,039) 
Net Income (Loss)$1,253
 $1,527
 $477
 $(2,004) $1,253


L BRANDS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(in millions)
 
 2015
 L Brands, Inc. 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-guarantor
Subsidiaries
 Eliminations Consolidated
L Brands, Inc.
Net Income (Loss)$1,253
 $1,527
 $477
 $(2,004) $1,253
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net of Tax:         
Foreign Currency Translation
 
 (23) 
 (23)
Unrealized Gain (Loss) on Cash Flow Hedges
 
 6
 
 6
Reclassification of Cash Flow Hedges to Earnings
 
 14
 
 14
Unrealized Gain (Loss) on Marketable Securities
 
 8
 
 8
Total Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net of Tax



5



5
Total Comprehensive Income (Loss)$1,253
 $1,527
 $482
 $(2,004) $1,258


90


L BRANDS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS
(in millions)
 
 2017
 L Brands, Inc. 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-guarantor
Subsidiaries
 Eliminations Consolidated
L Brands, Inc.
Net Cash Provided by (Used for) Operating Activities$(462) $1,414
 $454
 $
 $1,406
Investing Activities:         
Capital Expenditures
 (495) (212) 
 (707)
Return of Capital from Easton Investments
 
 29
 
 29
Purchase of Marketable Securities
 
 (10) 
 (10)
Other Investing Activities
 (1) (9) 
 (10)
Net Cash Provided by (Used for) Investing Activities
 (496) (202) 
 (698)
Financing Activities:         
Proceeds from Issuance of Long-term Debt, Net of Issuance Costs495
 
 
 
 495
Payment of Long-term Debt(540) 
 
 
 (540)
Borrowings from Foreign Facilities
 
 96
 
 96
Repayments of Foreign Facilities
 
 (44) 
 (44)
Dividends Paid(686) 
 
 
 (686)
Repurchases of Common Stock(446) 
 
 
 (446)
Tax Payments related to Share-based Awards(32) 
 
 
 (32)
Net Financing Activities and Advances to/from Consolidated Affiliates1,638
 (1,313) (325) 
 
Proceeds From Exercise of Stock Options38
 
 
 
 38
Financing Costs(5) 
 
 
 (5)
Other Financing Activities
 (3) 
 
 (3)
Net Cash Provided by (Used for) Financing Activities462
 (1,316) (273) 
 (1,127)
Effects of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash
 
 
 
 
Net Increase (Decrease) in Cash and Cash Equivalents
 (398) (21) 
 (419)
Cash and Cash Equivalents, Beginning of Year
 1,562
 372
 
 1,934
Cash and Cash Equivalents, End of Year$
 $1,164
 $351
 $
 $1,515














91


L BRANDS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS
(in millions)
 
 2016
 L Brands, Inc. 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-guarantor
Subsidiaries
 Eliminations Consolidated
L Brands, Inc.
Net Cash Provided by (Used for) Operating Activities$(404) $1,885
 $509
 $
 $1,990
Investing Activities:         
Capital Expenditures
 (705) (285) 
 (990)
Return of Capital from Easton Investments
 
 119
 
 119
Proceeds from Sale of Assets
 
 53
 
 53
Proceeds from Sale of Marketable Securities
 
 10
 
 10
Acquisition, Net of Cash Acquired of $1
 
 (33) 
 (33)
Other Investing Activities
 (2) 10
 
 8
Net Cash Provided by (Used for) Investing Activities
 (707) (126) 
 (833)
Financing Activities:         
Proceeds from Issuance of Long-term Debt, Net of Issuance Costs692
 
 
 
 692
Payment of Long-term Debt(742) 
 
 
 (742)
Borrowings from Foreign Facilities
 
 35
 
 35
Repayments of Foreign Facilities
 
 (6) 
 (6)
Dividends Paid(1,268) 
 
 
 (1,268)
Repurchases of Common Stock(435) 
 
 
 (435)
Tax Payments related to Share-based Awards(58) 
 
 
 (58)
Net Financing Activities and Advances to/from Consolidated Affiliates2,195
 (1,803) (392) 
 
Proceeds From Exercise of Stock Options20
 
 
 
 20
Other Financing Activities
 (3) 
 
 (3)
Net Cash Provided by (Used for) Financing Activities404
 (1,806) (363) 
 (1,765)
Effects of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash
 
 (6) 
 (6)
Net Increase (Decrease) in Cash and Cash Equivalents
 (628) 14
 
 (614)
Cash and Cash Equivalents, Beginning of Year
 2,190
 358
 
 2,548
Cash and Cash Equivalents, End of Year$
 $1,562
 $372
 $
 $1,934















92


L BRANDS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS
(in millions)
 
 2015
 L Brands, Inc. 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-guarantor
Subsidiaries
 Eliminations Consolidated
L Brands, Inc.
Net Cash Provided by (Used for) Operating Activities$(234) $1,897
 $364
 $
 $2,027
Investing Activities:         
Capital Expenditures
 (506) (221) 
 (727)
Return of Capital from Easton Investments
 
 9
 
 9
Purchases of Marketable Securities
 (50) (10) 
 (60)
Proceeds from Sale of Assets
 
 196
 
 196
Proceeds from Sale of Marketable Securities
 50
 
 
 50
Proceeds from Divestiture of Third-party Apparel Sourcing Business
 1
 84
 
 85
Other Investing Activities
 
 4
 
 4
Net Cash Provided by (Used for) Investing Activities
 (505) 62
 
 (443)
Financing Activities:         
Proceeds from Issuance of Long-term Debt, Net of Issuance Costs988
 
 
 
 988
Borrowings from Foreign Facilities
 
 7
 
 7
Dividends Paid(1,171) 
 
 
 (1,171)
Repurchases of Common Stock(483) 
 
 
 (483)
Tax Payments related to Share-based Awards(88) 
 
 
 (88)
Net Financing Activities and Advances to/from Consolidated Affiliates955
 (662) (293) 
 
Proceeds From Exercise of Stock Options33
 
 
 
 33
Other Financing Activities
 (2) 
 
 (2)
Net Cash Provided by (Used for) Financing Activities234

(664)
(286)


(716)
Effects of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash
 
 (1) 
 (1)
Net Increase (Decrease) in Cash and Cash Equivalents
 728
 139
 
 867
Cash and Cash Equivalents, Beginning of Year
 1,462
 219
 
 1,681
Cash and Cash Equivalents, End of Year$
 $2,190
 $358
 $
 $2,548



93


ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE.
None.

ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES.
Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures. As of the end of the period covered by this report, we carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Exchange Act. Based upon that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that as of the end of the period covered by this report, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective and designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is (1) recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms, and (2) accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting as of February 3, 2018 is set forth in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
Attestation Report of the Registered Public Accounting Firm. The Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting as of February 3, 2018 is set forth in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
Changes in internal control over financial reporting. There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred in the fourth quarter 2017 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION.
None.


94


PART III

ITEM 10. DIRECTORS AND EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE.
Information regarding our directors, executive officers and corporate governance is set forth under the captions “ELECTION OF DIRECTORS—Nominees and Directors”, “—Director Independence”, “—Board Leadership Structure ”, “—Risk Oversight; Certain Compensation Matters”, “—Review of Strategic Plans and Capital Structure", “—Succession Planning", “—Information Concerning Board Meeting Attendance”, “—Committees of the Board”, “—Meetings of the Company's Non-Management Directors”, “—Communications with Stockholders”, “—Attendance at Annual Meetings”, “—Code of Conduct, Related Person Transaction Policy and Associated Matters”, “—Copies of the Company’s Code of Conduct, Corporate Governance Principles, Policy and Committee Charters”, and “SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF DIRECTORS AND MANAGEMENT” in the Proxy Statement and is incorporated herein by reference. Information regarding compliance with Section 16(A) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, is set forth under the caption “SECTION 16(a) BENEFICIAL OWNERSHIP REPORTING COMPLIANCE” in the Proxy Statement and is incorporated herein by reference. Information regarding executive officers is set forth herein under the caption “Executive Officers of Registrant” in Part I.

ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION.
Information regarding executive compensation is set forth under the caption “COMPENSATION-RELATED MATTERS” in the Proxy Statement and is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS.
Information regarding the security ownership of certain beneficial owners and management is set forth under the captions “SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF DIRECTORS AND MANAGEMENT” in the Proxy Statement and “SHARE OWNERSHIP OF PRINCIPAL STOCKHOLDERS” in the Proxy Statement and is incorporated herein by reference.
The following table summarizes share and exercise price information about L Brands’ equity compensation plans as of February 3, 2018.
 
Plan category 
(a) Number of
securities to be issued
upon exercise of
outstanding options,
warrants and rights
 
(b) Weighted-average
exercise price of
outstanding options,
warrants and rights
 
(c) Number of securities
remaining available for
future issuance under
equity compensation
plan (excluding
securities reflected in
column (a))
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders (1) 10,569,807
 $57.03
(2)12,375,729
Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders 
 
 
Total 10,569,807
 $57.03
 12,375,729
 ________________
(1)Includes the following plans: L Brands, Inc. 2015 Stock Option and Performance Incentive Plan, L Brands, Inc. 2011 Stock Option and Performance Incentive Plan and L Brands, Inc. 1993 Stock Option and Performance Incentive Plan (2009 Restatement). There are no shares remaining available for grant under the 2011 Plan or 1993 Plan.
(2)Does not include outstanding rights to receive Common Stock upon the vesting of restricted share awards or settlement of deferred stock units.

ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE.
Information regarding certain relationships and related transactions is set forth under the caption “ELECTION OF DIRECTORS—Nominees and Directors” and “—Director Independence” in the Proxy Statement and is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES.
Information regarding principal accountant fees and services is set forth under the captions “INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTANTS—Audit Fees”, “—Audit Related Fees”, “—Tax Fees”, “—All Other Fees” and “—Pre-approval Policies and Procedures” in the Proxy Statement and is incorporated herein by reference.

95


PART IV

ITEM 15. EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES
 
(a)(1)Consolidated Financial Statements
     
  The following consolidated financial statements of L Brands, Inc. are filed as part of this report under Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data:
     
    Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
     
    Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
     
    Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm on Consolidated Financial Statements
     
    Consolidated Statements of Income for the Years Ended February 3, 2018, January 28, 2017 and January 30, 2016
     
    Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the Years Ended February 3, 2018, January 28, 2017 and January 30, 2016
     
    Consolidated Balance Sheets as of February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017
     
    Consolidated Statements of Total Equity (Deficit) for the Years Ended February 3, 2018, January 28, 2017 and January 30, 2016
     
    Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Years Ended February 3, 2018, January 28, 2017 and January 30, 2016
     
    Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
     
 (2)Financial Statement Schedules
     
  
Schedules have been omitted because they are not required or are not applicable or because the
information required to be set forth therein either is not material or is included in the financial
statements or notes thereto.
     
 (3)List of Exhibits
     
  3. Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws.
     
  3.1 
     
  3.2 
     
  4. Instruments Defining the Rights of Security Holders.
     
  4.1 
     
  4.2 Proposed form of Debt Warrant Agreement for Warrants attached to Debt Securities, with proposed form of Debt Warrant Certificate incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-3 (File No. 33-53366) originally filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on October 16, 1992, as amended by Amendment No. 1 thereto, filed with the SEC on February 23, 1993 (the “1993 Form S-3”). (P)
     
  4.3 Proposed form of Debt Warrant Agreement for Warrants not attached to Debt Securities, with proposed form of Debt Warrant Certificate incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.3 to the 1993 Form S-3. (P)
     
  4.4 
     

96


  4.5 
     
  4.6 
     
  4.7 
     
  4.8 
     
  4.9 
     
  4.10 
     
  4.11 
     
  4.12 
     
  4.13 
     
  4.14 
     
  4.15 
     
  4.16 
     
  4.17 
     

97


  4.18 
     
  4.19 
     
  4.20 
     
  4.21 
     
  4.22 
     
  4.23 

     
  4.24 

     
  10. Material Contracts.
     
  10.1 Officers’ Benefits Plan incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 28, 1989 (the “1988 Form 10-K”).** (P)
     
  10.2 
     
  10.3 
     
  10.4 
     
  10.5 
     
  10.6 
     
  10.7 
     
  10.8 
     
  10.9 
     
  10.10 
     

98


  10.11 
     
  10.12 
     
  10.13 
     
  10.14 

     
  10.15 
     
  10.16 
     
  10.17 
     
  10.18 
     
  10.19 
     
  10.20 
     
  10.21 
     
  12. 
     
  21. 
     
  23.1 
     
  24. 
     
  31.1 
     
  31.2 
     
  32. 
     
  101.INS XBRL Instance Document
     
  101.SCH XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
     
  101.CAL XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
     
  101.DEF XBRL Taxonomy Definition Linkbase Document
     

99


  101.LAB XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
     
  101.PRE XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
________________
**Identifies management contracts or compensatory plans or arrangements.
(P)Paper Exhibits

(b)Exhibits.
The exhibits to this report are listed in section (a)(3) of Item 15 above.
(c)Not applicable.

ITEM 16. FORM 10-K SUMMARY.

None.

100



SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or l5(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
Date: March 23, 2018
 L BRANDS, INC. (Registrant)
   
 By:/s/ STUART B. BURGDOERFER
  
Stuart B. Burgdoerfer,
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities indicated on February 3, 2018:
Signature Title
   
/s/    LESLIE H. WEXNER* Chairman of the Board of Directors and Chief Executive Officer
Leslie H. Wexner (Principal Executive Officer)
   
/s/ STUART B. BURGDOERFER Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
Stuart B. Burgdoerfer (Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)
   
/s/    PATRICIA S. BELLINGER*         Director
Patricia S. Bellinger  
   
/s/    E. GORDON GEE*         Director
E. Gordon Gee  
   
/s/    DENNIS S. HERSCH*         Director
Dennis S. Hersch  
   
/s/    DONNA A. JAMES* Director
Donna A. James  
   
/s/    DAVID T. KOLLAT*         Director
David T. Kollat  
   
/s/    MICHAEL G. MORRIS*         Director
Michael G. Morris  
   
/s/    ROBERT H. SCHOTTENSTEIN*         Director
Robert H. Schottenstein  
   
/s/    STEPHEN D. STEINOUR*         Director
Stephen D. Steinour  
   
/s/    ALLAN R. TESSLER*         Director
Allan R. Tessler  
   
/s/    ABIGAIL S. WEXNER*         Director
Abigail S. Wexner  
   
/s/    RAYMOND ZIMMERMAN*         Director
Raymond Zimmerman  
*The undersigned, by signing his name hereto, does hereby sign this report on behalf of each of the above-indicated directors of the registrant pursuant to powers of attorney executed by such directors.
By:/s/ STUART B. BURGDOERFER
 
Stuart B. Burgdoerfer
Attorney-in-fact

101


SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
Form 10-K
 
 
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
L BRANDS, INC.
(exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
EXHIBITS

102


EXHIBIT INDEX
 
Exhibit No. Document
   
12 Computation of Ratio of Earnings to Fixed Charges.
   
21 Subsidiaries of the Registrant.
   
23.1 Consent of Ernst & Young LLP.
   
24 Powers of Attorney.
   
31.1 Section 302 Certification of CEO.
   
31.2 Section 302 Certification of CFO.
   
32 Section 906 Certification (by CEO and CFO).
   
101.INS XBRL Instance Document
   
101.SCH XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
   
101.CAL XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
   
101.DEF XBRL Taxonomy Definition Linkbase Document
   
101.LAB XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
   
101.PRE XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

103