Loading...
Docoh

Union Bankshares (UNB)

Filed: 16 Aug 21, 12:37pm

A[UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended: June 30, 2021

Commission file number: 001-15985

UNION BANKSHARES, INC.
VT03-0283552
20 LOWER MAIN STREET, P.O. BOX 667
MORRISVILLE, VT 05661

Registrant’s telephone number:      802-888-6600

Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report: Not applicable

Securities registered pursuant to section 12(b) of the Act:
Common Stock, $2.00 par valueUNBNasdaq Stock Market
(Title of class)(Trading Symbol)(Exchanges registered on)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes      No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes      No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).
Yes      No

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock as of August 2, 2021.
Common Stock, $2 par value 4,484,875 shares



 
UNION BANKSHARES, INC.
TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION




PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
UNION BANKSHARES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
(Unaudited)
Assets(Dollars in thousands)
Cash and due from banks$4,952 $5,413 
Federal funds sold and overnight deposits56,279 117,358 
Cash and cash equivalents61,231 122,771 
Interest bearing deposits in banks12,948 12,699 
Investment securities available-for-sale158,101 105,763 
Other investments1,174 1,047 
Total investments159,275 106,810 
Loans held for sale42,149 32,188 
Loans741,474 771,169 
Allowance for loan losses(8,505)(8,271)
Net deferred loan fees(578)(146)
Net loans732,391 762,752 
Premises and equipment, net21,637 20,039 
Company-owned life insurance12,778 12,640 
Other assets23,728 23,655 
Total assets$1,066,137 $1,093,554 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Liabilities 
Deposits 
Noninterest bearing$243,573 $215,245 
Interest bearing610,540 637,369 
Time113,567 141,688 
Total deposits967,680 994,302 
Borrowed funds7,164 7,164 
Accrued interest and other liabilities8,926 11,221 
Total liabilities983,770 1,012,687 
Commitments and Contingencies00
Stockholders’ Equity
Common stock, $2.00 par value; 7,500,000 shares authorized; 4,957,884 shares
  issued at June 30, 2021 and 4,954,732 shares issued at December 31, 2020
9,916 9,910 
Additional paid-in capital1,609 1,393 
Retained earnings74,006 71,097 
Treasury stock at cost; 474,011 shares at June 30, 2021
  and 474,632 shares at December 31, 2020
(4,165)(4,169)
Accumulated other comprehensive income1,001 2,636 
Total stockholders' equity82,367 80,867 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$1,066,137 $1,093,554 

See accompanying notes to unaudited interim consolidated financial statements.

Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 1


UNION BANKSHARES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 2021202020212020
 (Dollars in thousands, except per share data)
Interest and dividend income  
Interest and fees on loans$9,236 $8,565 $18,121 $16,856 
Interest on debt securities:
Taxable456 337 860 724 
Tax exempt154 160 305 317 
Dividends26 60 
Interest on federal funds sold and overnight deposits14 11 33 64 
Interest on interest bearing deposits in banks34 40 71 81 
Total interest and dividend income9,898 9,139 19,398 18,102 
Interest expense
Interest on deposits924 1,252 1,971 2,561 
Interest on borrowed funds55 109 109 257 
Total interest expense979 1,361 2,080 2,818 
    Net interest income8,919 7,778 17,318 15,284 
Provision for loan losses75 500 225 800 
    Net interest income after provision for loan losses8,844 7,278 17,093 14,484 
Noninterest income
Trust income198 178 383 351 
Service fees1,581 1,284 3,104 2,781 
Net gains on sales of investment securities available-for-sale11 
Net gains on sales of loans held for sale1,151 1,227 2,045 2,039 
Net gain on other investments15 162 59 38 
Other income194 137 169 286 
Total noninterest income3,139 2,988 5,760 5,506 
Noninterest expenses
Salaries and wages3,553 2,829 6,636 5,950 
Employee benefits1,203 1,231 2,372 2,213 
Occupancy expense, net527 477 1,004 991 
Equipment expense872 756 1,670 1,496 
Other expenses2,234 1,818 4,160 3,633 
Total noninterest expenses8,389 7,111 15,842 14,283 
        Income before provision for income taxes3,594 3,155 7,011 5,707 
Provision for income taxes603 487 1,144 843 
        Net income$2,991 $2,668 $5,867 $4,864 
Basic earnings per common share$0.67 $0.60 $1.31 $1.09 
Diluted earnings per common share$0.66 $0.59 $1.30 $1.08 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding4,482,597 4,474,139 4,481,475 4,473,512 
Weighted-average common and potential common shares for diluted EPS4,511,169 4,491,836 4,506,150 4,490,938 
Dividends per common share$0.33 $0.32 $0.66 $0.64 

See accompanying notes to unaudited interim consolidated financial statements.

Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 2


UNION BANKSHARES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (Unaudited)

Three Months Ended
June 30,
Six Months Ended
June 30,
2021202020212020
(Dollars in thousands)
Net income$2,991 $2,668 $5,867 $4,864 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
Investment securities available-for-sale:
Net unrealized holding gains (losses) arising during the period on investment securities available-for-sale920656 (1,635)1,740 
Reclassification adjustment for net gains on sales of investment securities available-for-sale realized in net income(9)
Total other comprehensive income (loss)920 656 (1,635)1,731 
Total comprehensive income$3,911 $3,324 $4,232 $6,595 

See accompanying notes to unaudited interim consolidated financial statements.


Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 3


UNION BANKSHARES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (Unaudited)
Three Month Period Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020
 Common Stock   Accumulated
other
comprehensive income
 
 Shares,
net of
treasury
AmountAdditional
paid-in
capital
Retained
earnings
Treasury
stock
Total
stockholders’
equity
 (Dollars in thousands, except per share data)
Balances March 31, 20214,480,954 $9,911 $1,504 $72,494 $(4,167)$81 $79,823 
   Net income— — — 2,991 — — 2,991 
   Other comprehensive income— — — — — 920 920 
   Dividend reinvestment plan267 — — — 
   Cash dividends declared
       ($0.33 per share)
— — — (1,479)— — (1,479)
   Stock based compensation expense2,152 87 — — — 91 
   Exercise of stock options500 11 — — — 12 
Balances, June 30, 20214,483,873 $9,916 $1,609 $74,006 $(4,165)$1,001 $82,367 
Balances March 31, 20204,473,200 $9,899 $1,226 $64,783 $(4,181)$2,061 $73,788 
   Net income— — — 2,668 — — 2,668 
   Other comprehensive income— — — — — 656 656 
   Dividend reinvestment plan514 — — — 11 
   Cash dividends declared
  ($0.32 per share)
— — — (1,431)— — (1,431)
   Stock based compensation expense1,185 73 — — — 75 
Balances, June 30, 20204,474,899 $9,901 $1,306 $66,020 $(4,177)$2,717 $75,767 
Six Month Period Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020
 Common Stock   Accumulated
other
comprehensive income
 
 Shares,
net of
treasury
AmountAdditional
paid-in
capital
Retained
earnings
Treasury
stock
Total
stockholders’
equity
 (Dollars in thousands, except per share data)
Balances, December 31, 20204,480,100 $9,910 $1,393 $71,097 $(4,169)$2,636 $80,867 
   Net income— — — 5,867 — — 5,867 
   Other comprehensive loss— — — — — (1,635)(1,635)
   Dividend reinvestment plan718 — 15 — — 21 
   Cash dividends declared
       ($0.66 per share)
— — — (2,958)— — (2,958)
   Stock based compensation expense2,152 179 — — — 183 
   Exercise of stock options1,000 22 — — — 24 
   Purchase of treasury stock(97)— — — (2)— (2)
Balances, June 30, 20214,483,873 $9,916 $1,609 $74,006 $(4,165)$1,001 $82,367 
Balances, December 31, 20194,471,977 $9,897 $1,124 $64,019 $(4,183)$986 $71,843 
   Net income— — — 4,864 — — 4,864 
   Other comprehensive income— — — — — 1,731 1,731 
   Dividend reinvestment plan737 — 13 — — 19 
   Cash dividends declared
  ($0.64 per share)
— — — (2,863)— — (2,863)
   Stock based compensation expense1,185 149 — — — 151 
   Exercise of stock options1,000 20 — — — 22 
Balances, June 30, 20204,474,899 $9,901 $1,306 $66,020 $(4,177)$2,717 $75,767 
See accompanying notes to unaudited interim consolidated financial statements.

Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 4


UNION BANKSHARES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
 Six Months Ended
June 30,
 20212020
Cash Flows From Operating Activities(Dollars in thousands)
Net income$5,867 $4,864 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash used in operating activities: 
Depreciation925 943 
Provision for loan losses225 800 
Deferred income tax provision13 
Net amortization of premiums on investment securities323 245 
Equity in losses of limited partnerships501 376 
Stock based compensation expense183 151 
Net decrease in unamortized loan costs432 1,864 
Proceeds from sales of loans held for sale87,203 99,950 
Origination of loans held for sale(95,119)(134,019)
Net gains on sales of loans held for sale(2,045)(2,039)
Net loss on disposals of premises and equipment108 
Net gains on sales of investment securities available-for-sale(11)
Net gain on sales of other real estate owned(11)
Net gain on other investments(59)(38)
Decrease (increase) in accrued interest receivable799 (713)
Amortization of core deposit intangible71 86 
Increase in other assets(1,041)(45)
(Decrease) increase in other liabilities(993)526 
Net cash used in operating activities(2,618)(27,054)
Cash Flows From Investing Activities 
Interest bearing deposits in banks 
Proceeds from maturities and redemptions2,490 498 
Purchases(2,739)(3,735)
Investment securities available-for-sale
Proceeds from sales3,076 
Proceeds from maturities, calls and paydowns15,656 8,695 
Purchases(70,387)(7,851)
Net purchases of other investments(68)(63)
Net (increase) decrease in nonmarketable stock(13)1,457 
Net decrease (increase) in loans29,695 (22,471)
Recoveries of loans charged off23 
Purchases of premises and equipment(2,631)(399)
Investments in limited partnerships(1,458)(1,658)
Proceeds from sales of other real estate owned61 
Net cash used in investing activities(29,385)(22,428)

Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 5


 Six Months Ended
June 30,
 20212020
Cash Flows From Financing Activities(Dollars in thousands)
Net decrease in short-term borrowings outstanding(37,667)
Net increase in noninterest bearing deposits28,328 52,307 
Net (decrease) increase in interest bearing deposits(26,829)25,556 
Net decrease in time deposits(28,121)(2,398)
Issuance of common stock24 22 
Purchase of treasury stock(2)
Dividends paid(2,937)(2,844)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities(29,537)34,976 
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents(61,540)(14,506)
Cash and cash equivalents
Beginning of period122,771 51,134 
End of period$61,231 $36,628 
Supplemental Disclosures of Cash Flow Information 
Interest paid$2,122 $3,326 
Income taxes paid$1,300 $
Supplemental Schedule of Noncash Investing Activities
Investment in limited partnerships acquired by capital contributions payable$$2,722 
Dividends paid on Common Stock:
Dividends declared$2,958 $2,863 
Dividends reinvested(21)(19)
$2,937 $2,844 

See accompanying notes to unaudited interim consolidated financial statements.

Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 6


UNION BANKSHARES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED INTERIM CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 1.    Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements of Union Bankshares, Inc. and Subsidiary (together, the Company) as of June 30, 2021, and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, have been prepared in conformity with GAAP for interim financial information, general practices within the banking industry, and the accounting policies described in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 (2020 Annual Report). The Company's sole subsidiary is Union Bank. In the opinion of the Company’s management, all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments and disclosures necessary for a fair presentation of the information contained herein, have been made. This information should be read in conjunction with the Company’s 2020 Annual Report. The results of operations for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations to be expected for the full fiscal year ending December 31, 2021, or any future interim period.
The Company is a “smaller reporting company” and as permitted under the rules and regulations of the SEC, has elected to provide its consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, cash flows and changes in stockholders’ equity for a two year, rather than three year, period. The Company has also elected to provide certain other scaled disclosures in this report, as permitted for smaller reporting companies.
Certain amounts in the 2020 consolidated financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation.


Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 7


In addition to the definitions set forth elsewhere in this report, the acronyms, abbreviations and capitalized terms identified below are used throughout this Form 10-Q, including Part I. "Financial Information" and Part II. "Other Information". The following is provided to aid the reader and provide a reference page when reviewing this Form 10-Q.
AFS:Available-for-saleICS:Insured Cash Sweeps of the Promontory Interfinancial Network
ALCO:Asset Liability CommitteeIRS:Internal Revenue Service
ALL:Allowance for loan lossesMBS:Mortgage-backed security
ASC:Accounting Standards CodificationMSRs:Mortgage servicing rights
ASU:Accounting Standards UpdateOAO:Other assets owned
Board:Board of DirectorsOCI:Other comprehensive income (loss)
bp or bps:Basis point(s)OFAC:U.S. Office of Foreign Assets Control
CARES Act:Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security ActOREO:Other real estate owned
CDARS:Certificate of Deposit Accounts Registry Service of the Promontory Interfinancial NetworkOTTI:Other-than-temporary impairment
Company:Union Bankshares, Inc. and SubsidiaryOTT:Other-than-temporary
COVID-19:Novel CoronavirusPPP:Paycheck Protection Program
Dodd-Frank Act:The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010PPPLF:PPP Liquidity Facility of the FRB
DRIP:Dividend Reinvestment PlanRD:USDA Rural Development
FASB:Financial Accounting Standards BoardRSU:Restricted Stock Unit
FDIC:Federal Deposit Insurance CorporationSBA:U.S. Small Business Administration
FHA:U.S. Federal Housing AdministrationSEC:U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission
FHLB:Federal Home Loan Bank of BostonTDR:Troubled-debt restructuring
FRB:Federal Reserve BoardUnion:Union Bank, the sole subsidiary of Union Bankshares, Inc
FHLMC/Freddie Mac:Federal Home Loan Mortgage CorporationUSDA:U.S. Department of Agriculture
GAAP:Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in the United StatesVA:U.S. Veterans Administration
HTM:Held-to-maturity2014 Equity Plan:2014 Equity Incentive Plan
HUD:U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development2020 Annual ReportAnnual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020

Note 2. Risks and Uncertainties
Significant progress has been made to combat the outbreak of COVID-19; however, the global pandemic has adversely impacted a broad range of industries in which the Company's customers operate and could still impair their ability to fulfill their financial obligations to the Company. The Company’s business is dependent upon the willingness and ability of its employees and customers to conduct banking and other financial transactions. While it appears that health and economic conditions are trending in a positive direction as of June 30, 2021, a resurgence in the virus or its variants could have an adverse effect on the Company's business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. While it is not possible to know the full impact COVID-19, and any potential measures to curtail its spread, will have on the Company's future operations, the Company is disclosing potentially material items of which it is aware.
Congress, the President, and the Federal Reserve have taken several actions designed to cushion the economic fallout of the pandemic. The CARES Act was signed into law at the end of March 2020 as a $2 trillion legislative package. The goal of the CARES Act was to curb the economic downturn through various measures, including direct financial aid to American families and economic stimulus to significantly impacted industry sectors through programs like the PPP. During December 2020, many provisions of the CARES Act were extended through the end of 2021. Additionally, The American Rescue Plan Act of 2021, a $1.9 trillion economic stimulus bill, was signed into law in March 2021. This package builds upon many of the measures in the CARES Act and is intended to speed up the recovery from the economic and health effects of COVID-19.


Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 8


Financial position and results of operations
The Company has not yet experienced any charge-offs related to COVID-19. See Note 8. Should economic conditions worsen as a result of a resurgence of the virus or its variants and resulting measures to curtail its spread, the Company could experience increases in the required ALL and record additional provision for loan losses. The use of payment deferrals assisted the ratio of past due loans to total loans as well other asset quality ratios at June 30, 2021. It is possible that asset quality measures could worsen at future measurement periods if a resurgence of COVID-19 progresses.
Through June 30, 2021, the Company had executed modifications on outstanding loan balances of $159.1 million that carried accrued interest of $946 thousand. Of the total modifications executed, at June 30, 2021 outstanding loan balances of $2.0 million remained subject to modified terms and carried accrued interest of $78 thousand.
Capital and liquidity
As of June 30, 2021, all of the Company's and Union's capital ratios were in excess of all regulatory requirements. While the Company believes it has sufficient capital to withstand a double-dip economic recession brought about by a resurgence in COVID-19, the reported and regulatory capital ratios could be adversely impacted by further credit loss expense. The Company relies on cash on hand as well as dividends from its subsidiary bank to pay dividends to shareholders. If the Company’s capital deteriorates such that its subsidiary bank is unable to pay dividends to it for an extended period of time, the Company may not be able to maintain its dividend to shareholders at the current level. Management continues to analyze the Company's current capital levels and its ability to maintain growth projections and absorb future credit losses while maintaining sufficient levels of capital.
The Company maintains access to multiple sources of liquidity. Wholesale funding markets have remained open to the Company. If funding costs are elevated for an extended period of time, it could have an adverse effect on the Company’s net interest margin. If an extended recession caused large numbers of the Company’s deposit customers to withdraw their funds, the Company might become more reliant on volatile or more expensive sources of funding. To date in 2021, primarily as a result of the deposit of PPP loan proceeds and government assistance payments under the CARES Act and The American Rescue Plan Act of 2021, the Company has experienced a significant increase in customer deposits.
Asset valuation
COVID-19 has not affected the Company's ability to account timely for the assets on the balance sheet; however, a resurgence of COVID-19 could cause this to change in future periods. The Company’s stock price or the occurrence of what management would deem to be a triggering event that could, under certain circumstances, cause the Company to perform a goodwill impairment test, an intangible asset impairment test, or both, resulting in an impairment charge being recorded for that period. In the event that the Company concludes that all or a portion of its goodwill or intangible assets are impaired, a non-cash charge for the amount of such impairment would be recorded to earnings. Such a charge would have no impact on tangible capital or regulatory capital. The Company does not anticipate significant changes in methodology used to determine the fair value of assets measured in accordance with GAAP. As of June 30, 2021, goodwill was not impaired and there was no impairment with respect to our intangible assets, premises and equipment or other long-lived assets.
Processes, controls and business continuity plan
The Company’s preparedness efforts, coupled with quick and decisive plan implementation, has resulted in minimal impacts to operations as a result of COVID-19. At June 30, 2021, several employees have returned to banking facilities while some continue to work remotely. The Company has not experienced any disruption to its operations. The Company has not incurred additional material cost related to the remote working strategy to date, nor are material costs anticipated in future periods.
As of June 30, 2021, management does not anticipate significant challenges to its ability to maintain the systems and controls and does not currently face any material resource constraint through the implementation of our business continuity plans.

Lending operations and accommodations to borrowers
Union continued to work with borrowers during the unprecedented situation caused by COVID-19 and as allowed under the CARES Act, executed a payment deferral program for its customers that were adversely affected by COVID-19. Depending on the demonstrated need of the customer, the Company either deferred the full loan payment or the principal component of the loan payment for up to 180 days for the majority of the deferral requests. The Company had executed 334 of these deferrals on outstanding loan balances of $159.1 million as of June 30, 2021. Of the total deferrals executed, 17 remained in effect on outstanding loan balances of $2.0 million as of June 30, 2021. In accordance with interagency guidance issued in March 2020 and updated in April 2020, and confirmed by the FASB, these short term deferrals are not considered TDRs. In August 2020, the federal banking regulators issued supplemental guidance for working with borrowers as their loans near the end of their accommodation period. It is possible that in spite of our best efforts to assist our borrowers and achieve full collection of our

Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 9


investment, these deferred loans could result in future charge-offs with additional credit loss expense charged to earnings; however, the amount of any future charge-offs on deferred loans is unknown.
With the passage of the PPP, administered by the SBA, the Company assisted its customers with applications for resources through the program. PPP loans bear a mandated annual interest rate of 1.0%. The PPP was initially launched with loans having a two-year term, but subsequent revisions to the PPP currently allow the maximum term be extended to five years. The majority of the Company's PPP loans were originated with the two-year term and have not been extended to five years. The Company believes that a significant amount of these loans will ultimately be forgiven by the SBA during 2021 in accordance with the terms of the program. It is the Company’s understanding that loans funded through the PPP are fully guaranteed by the U.S. Government. Should those circumstances change, the Company could be required to establish additional allowance for credit losses through additional credit loss expense charged to earnings.

Note 3. Legal Contingencies
In the normal course of business, the Company is involved in various legal and other proceedings. In the opinion of management, any liability resulting from such proceedings is not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial condition or results of operations.

Note 4. Per Share Information
The following table presents the reconciliation between the calculation of basic EPS and diluted EPS for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020:
For the Three Months
Ended June 30,
For the Six Months
Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)
Net income$2,991 $2,668 $5,867 $4,864 
Weighted average common shares outstanding for basic EPS4,482,597 4,474,139 4,481,475 4,473,512 
Dilutive effect of stock-based awards28,572 17,697 24,675 17,426 
Weighted-average common and potential common shares for diluted EPS4,511,169 4,491,836 4,506,150 4,490,938 
Earnings per common share:
Basic EPS$0.67 $0.60 $1.31 $1.09 
Diluted EPS$0.66 $0.59 $1.30 $1.08 
____________________
(1)Dilutive effect of stock based awards represents the effect of the assumed exercise of stock options and vesting of restricted stock units. Unvested awards do not have dividend or dividend equivalent rights.

Note 5. Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. Under the new guidance, which will replace the existing incurred loss model for recognizing credit losses, banks and other lending institutions will be required to recognize the full amount of expected credit losses. The new guidance, which is referred to as the current expected credit loss model ("CECL"), requires that expected credit losses for financial assets held at the reporting date that are accounted for at amortized cost be measured and recognized based on historical experience and current and reasonably supportable forecasted conditions to reflect the full amount of expected credit losses. A modified version of these requirements also applies to debt securities classified as AFS. As initially proposed, the ASU was to become effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption was permitted for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within such years. In October 2019, the FASB approved amendments to delay the effective date of the ASU to fiscal years beginning after December 31, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years, for smaller reporting companies, as defined by the SEC, and other non-SEC reporting entities. As the Company is a smaller reporting company, the delay is applicable to the Company and the Company does not intend to early adopt the ASU at this time. The Company has established a CECL implementation team and developed a transition project plan. The Company utilizes a software package for its current calculation of the allowance for loan losses that will also be utilized for CECL implementation. Historical data has been compiled and training on utilizing the software for the existing incurred loss model has been completed. The Company continues the collection of historical data and training is ongoing surrounding CECL implementation and methodologies. This will facilitate the eventual implementation process and management's evaluation of the potential impact of the ASU on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 10



In March 2020, various financial institution regulatory agencies, including the FRB and the FDIC (“the agencies”), issued an interagency statement on loan modifications and reporting for financial institutions working with customers affected by COVID-19. The guidance was subsequently amended following passage of the CARES Act, which included a provision for addressing certain COVID-19 related loan modifications. The interagency statement was effective immediately and impacted accounting for loan modifications. Under ASC No. 310-40, Receivables – Troubled Debt Restructurings by Creditors, a restructuring of debt constitutes a TDR if the creditor, for economic or legal reasons related to the debtor’s financial difficulties, grants a concession to the debtor that it would not otherwise consider. The agencies confirmed with the staff of the FASB that short-term modifications made on a good faith basis in response to COVID-19 to borrowers who were current prior to any relief, are not to be considered TDRs. This includes short-term (e.g., six months or less) modifications such as payment deferrals, fee waivers, extensions of repayment terms, or other delays in payment that are insignificant. Borrowers considered current are those that are less than 30 days past due on their contractual payments at the time a modification program is implemented. The agencies supplemented their interagency guidance on August 3, 2020 to provide prudent risk management and consumer protection principles for financial institutions to consider while working with borrowers near the end of their initial loan accommodation period. The interagency guidance is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.

Note 6. Investment Securities
Debt securities AFS as of the balance sheet dates consisted of the following:
June 30, 2021Amortized
Cost
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
Fair
Value
 (Dollars in thousands)
U.S. Government-sponsored enterprises$17,887 $122 $(184)$17,825 
Agency mortgage-backed103,236 913 (1,500)102,649 
State and political subdivisions27,887 1,394 29,281 
Corporate7,824 541 (19)8,346 
Total$156,834 $2,970 $(1,703)$158,101 
December 31, 2020Amortized
Cost
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
Fair
Value
 (Dollars in thousands)
U.S. Government-sponsored enterprises$6,462 $137 $(51)$6,548 
Agency mortgage-backed61,123 1,307 (78)62,352 
State and political subdivisions27,025 1,439 (3)28,461 
Corporate7,817 660 (75)8,402 
Total$102,427 $3,543 $(207)$105,763 
There were 0 investment securities HTM at June 30, 2021 or December 31, 2020. There were 0 investment securities pledged as collateral at June 30, 2021 or December 31, 2020.


Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 11


The amortized cost and estimated fair value of debt securities by contractual scheduled maturity as of June 30, 2021 were as follows:
Amortized
Cost
Fair
Value
Available-for-sale(Dollars in thousands)
Due from one to five years$6,457 $6,814 
Due from five to ten years26,179 26,749 
Due after ten years20,962 21,889 
 53,598 55,452 
Agency mortgage-backed103,236 102,649 
Total debt securities available-for-sale$156,834 $158,101 

Actual maturities may differ for certain debt securities that may be called by the issuer prior to the contractual maturity. Actual maturities usually differ from contractual maturities on agency MBS because the mortgages underlying the securities may be prepaid, usually without any penalties. Therefore, these agency MBS are shown separately and are not included in the contractual maturity categories in the above maturity summary.

Information pertaining to all debt securities AFS with gross unrealized losses as of the balance sheet dates, aggregated by investment category and length of time that individual securities have been in a continuous loss position, follows:
June 30, 2021Less Than 12 Months12 Months and overTotal
 Number
of
Securities
Fair
Value
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
Number
of
Securities
Fair
Value
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
Number
of
Securities
Fair
Value
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
(Dollars in thousands)
U.S. Government-
  sponsored enterprises
16 $13,362 $(159)$795 $(25)22 $14,157 $(184)
Agency mortgage-backed35 77,624 (1,498)130 (2)37 77,754 (1,500)
Corporate981 (19)981 (19)
Total51 $90,986 $(1,657)10 $1,906 $(46)61 $92,892 $(1,703)
December 31, 2020Less Than 12 Months12 Months and overTotal
 Number
of
Securities
Fair
Value
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
Number
of
Securities
Fair
Value
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
Number
of
Securities
Fair
Value
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
(Dollars in thousands)
U.S. Government-
  sponsored enterprises
15 $2,005 $(16)$1,661 $(35)23 $3,666 $(51)
Agency mortgage-backed19 21,698 (78)19 21,698 (78)
State and political
  subdivisions
575 (3)575 (3)
Corporate1,424 (75)1,424 (75)
Total35 $24,278 $(97)11 $3,085 $(110)46 $27,363 $(207)
The Company evaluates all investment securities on a quarterly basis, and more frequently when economic conditions warrant, to determine if an OTTI exists. A security is considered impaired if the fair value is lower than its amortized cost basis at the report date. If impaired, management then assesses whether the unrealized loss is OTT.

An unrealized loss on a debt security is generally deemed to be OTT and a credit loss is deemed to exist if the present value of the expected future cash flows is less than the amortized cost basis of the debt security. The credit loss component of OTTI write-down is recorded, net of tax effect, through net income as a component of net OTTI losses in the consolidated statements of income, while the remaining portion of the impairment loss is recognized in OCI, provided the Company does not intend to sell the underlying debt security and it is "more likely than not" that the Company will not have to sell the debt security prior to recovery.


Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 12


Management considers the following factors in determining whether OTTI exists and the period over which the security is expected to recover:
The length of time, and extent to which, the fair value has been less than the amortized cost;
Adverse conditions specifically related to the security, industry, or geographic area;
The historical and implied volatility of the fair value of the security;
The payment structure of the debt security and the likelihood of the issuer being able to make payments that may increase in the future;
Failure of the issuer of the security to make scheduled interest or principal payments;
Any changes to the rating of the security by a rating agency;
Recoveries or additional declines in fair value subsequent to the balance sheet date; and
The nature of the issuer, including whether it is a private company, public entity or government-sponsored enterprise, and the existence or likelihood of any government or third party guaranty.

The Company has the ability to hold the investment securities that had unrealized losses at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 for the foreseeable future. The decline in value is the result of market conditions and not attributable to credit quality in the investment securities and 0 declines were deemed by management to be OTT.

There were 0 sales of AFS securities during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 or the three months ended June 30, 2020. The following table presents the proceeds, gross realized gains and gross realized losses from the sales of AFS securities for the six months ended June 30, 2020:
For The Six Months Ended June 30, 2020
(Dollars in thousands)
Proceeds$3,076 
Gross gains32 
Gross losses(21)
Net gains on sales of investment securities AFS$11 

Note 7.  Loans
Loans receivable that management has the intent and ability to hold for the foreseeable future or until maturity or payoff are reported at their unpaid principal balances, adjusted for any charge-offs, the ALL, and any deferred fees or costs on originated loans and unamortized premiums or discounts on purchased loans.
Loan interest income is accrued daily on outstanding balances. The following accounting policies, related to accrual and nonaccrual loans, apply to all portfolio segments and loan classes, which the Company considers to be the same. The accrual of interest is normally discontinued when a loan is specifically determined to be impaired and/or management believes, after considering collection efforts and other factors, that the borrower's financial condition is such that collection of interest is doubtful. Generally, any unpaid interest previously accrued on those loans is reversed against current period interest income. A loan may be restored to accrual status when its financial status has significantly improved and there is no principal or interest past due. A loan may also be restored to accrual status if the borrower makes six consecutive monthly payments or the lump sum equivalent. Income on nonaccrual loans is generally not recognized unless a loan is returned to accrual status or after all principal has been collected. Interest income generally is not recognized on impaired loans unless the likelihood of further loss is remote. Interest payments received on such loans are generally applied as a reduction of the loan principal balance. Delinquency status is determined based on contractual terms for all portfolio segments and loan classes. Loans past due 30 days or more are considered delinquent. Loans are considered in process of foreclosure when a judgment of foreclosure has been issued by the court.
Loan origination fees and direct loan origination costs are deferred and amortized as an adjustment of the related loan's yield using methods that approximate the interest method. The Company generally amortizes these amounts over the estimated average life of the related loans.


Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 13


The composition of Net loans as of the balance sheet dates was as follows:
June 30,
2021
December 31,
2020
(Dollars in thousands)
Residential real estate$216,025 $183,166 
Construction real estate75,110 57,417 
Commercial real estate316,943 320,627 
Commercial98,220 108,861 
Consumer2,638 2,601 
Municipal32,538 98,497 
    Gross loans741,474 771,169 
Allowance for loan losses(8,505)(8,271)
Net deferred loan fees(578)(146)
    Net loans$732,391 $762,752 
There were 637 and 679 PPP loans totaling $57.3 million and $66.2 million classified as commercial loans as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. Origination fees received from the SBA on these PPP loans totaled $2.5 million and $2.4 million at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, and will be amortized over the respective lives of the loans. PPP loan origination fees of $715 thousand and $1.4 million were recognized in earnings during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, and $234 thousand was recognized during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020.
Qualifying residential first mortgage loans and certain commercial real estate loans with an aggregate carrying value of $215.7 million and $210.0 million were pledged as collateral for borrowings from the FHLB under a blanket lien at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.
A summary of current, past due and nonaccrual loans as of the balance sheet dates follows:
June 30, 2021Current30-59 Days60-89 Days90 Days and Over and AccruingNonaccrualTotal
(Dollars in thousands)
Residential real estate$214,341 $513 $$176 $995 $216,025 
Construction real estate74,914 50 146 75,110 
Commercial real estate312,283 49 4,611 316,943 
Commercial98,220 98,220 
Consumer2,638 2,638 
Municipal32,538 32,538 
Total$734,934 $562 $50 $176 $5,752 $741,474 
December 31, 2020Current30-59 Days60-89 Days90 Days and Over and AccruingNonaccrualTotal
(Dollars in thousands)
Residential real estate$179,794 $2,166 $211 $368 $627 $183,166 
Construction real estate57,116 70 67 143 21 57,417 
Commercial real estate317,748 1,130 1,749 320,627 
Commercial108,749 99 13 108,861 
Consumer2,595 2,601 
Municipal98,497 98,497 
Total$764,499 $3,471 $278 $511 $2,410 $771,169 

There was 1 residential real estate loan totaling $47 thousand in process of foreclosure at June 30, 2021 and 0 loans in process of foreclosure at December 31, 2020. A moratorium on residential mortgage foreclosures instituted by the State of

Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 14


Vermont in April 2020 related to the COVID-19 pandemic was lifted effective July 15, 2021. Aggregate interest on nonaccrual loans not recognized was $414 thousand as of June 30, 2021 and $420 thousand as of December 31, 2020.

Note 8.  Allowance for Loan Losses and Credit Quality
The ALL is established for estimated losses in the loan portfolio through a provision for loan losses charged to earnings. For all loan classes, loan losses are charged against the ALL when management believes the loan balance is uncollectible or in accordance with federal guidelines. Subsequent recoveries, if any, are credited to the ALL.

The ALL is maintained at a level believed by management to be appropriate to absorb probable credit losses inherent in the loan portfolio as of the balance sheet date. The amount of the ALL is based on management's periodic evaluation of the collectability of the loan portfolio, including the nature, volume and risk characteristics of the portfolio, credit concentrations, trends in historical loss experience, estimated value of any underlying collateral, specific impaired loans and economic conditions. There was no change to the methodology used to estimate the ALL during the second quarter of 2021. While management uses available information to recognize losses on loans, future additions to the ALL may be necessary based on changes in economic conditions or other relevant factors.

In addition, various regulatory agencies, as an integral part of their examination process, regularly review the Company's ALL. Such agencies may require the Company to recognize additions to the ALL, with a corresponding charge to earnings, based on their judgments about information available to them at the time of their examination, which may not be currently available to management.

The ALL consists of specific, general and unallocated components. The specific component relates to the loans that are classified as impaired. Loans are evaluated for impairment and may be classified as impaired when management believes it is probable that the Company will not collect all the contractual interest and principal payments as scheduled in the loan agreement. Impaired loans may also include troubled loans that are restructured. A TDR occurs when the Company, for economic or legal reasons related to the borrower's financial difficulties, grants a concession to the borrower that would otherwise not be granted. A TDR classification may result from the transfer of assets to the Company in partial satisfaction of a troubled loan, a modification of a loan's terms (such as reduction of stated interest rates below market rates, extension of maturity that does not conform to the Company's policies, reduction of the face amount of the loan, reduction of accrued interest, or reduction or deferment of loan payments), or a combination. A specific reserve amount is allocated to the ALL for individual loans that have been classified as impaired based on management's estimate of the fair value of the collateral for collateral dependent loans, an observable market price, or the present value of anticipated future cash flows. The Company accounts for the change in present value attributable to the passage of time in the loan loss reserve. Large groups of smaller balance homogeneous loans are collectively evaluated for impairment. Accordingly, the Company does not separately identify individual consumer, real estate or small balance commercial loans for impairment evaluation, unless such loans are subject to a restructuring agreement or have been identified as impaired as part of a larger customer relationship. Based on an evaluation of the Company's historical loss experience on substandard commercial loans, management has established the commercial loan threshold for individual impairment evaluation as commercial loan relationships with aggregate balances greater than $500 thousand.

The general component represents the level of ALL allocable to each loan portfolio segment with similar risk characteristics and is determined based on historical loss experience, adjusted for qualitative factors, for each class of loan. Management deems a five year average to be an appropriate time frame on which to base historical losses for each portfolio segment. Qualitative factors considered include underwriting, economic and market conditions, portfolio composition, collateral values, delinquencies, lender experience and legal issues. The qualitative factors are determined based on the various risk characteristics of each portfolio segment. Risk characteristics relevant to each portfolio segment are as follows:
Residential real estate - Loans in this segment are collateralized by owner-occupied 1-4 family residential real estate, second and vacation homes, 1-4 family investment properties, home equity and second mortgage loans. Repayment is dependent on the credit quality of the individual borrower. The overall health of the economy, including unemployment rates and housing prices, could have an effect on the credit quality of this segment.

Construction real estate - Loans in this segment include residential and commercial construction properties, commercial real estate development loans (while in the construction phase of the projects), land and land development loans. Repayment is dependent on the credit quality of the individual borrower and/or the underlying cash flows generated by the properties being constructed. The overall health of the economy, including unemployment rates, housing prices, vacancy rates and material costs, could have an effect on the credit quality of this segment.


Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 15


Commercial real estate - Loans in this segment are primarily properties occupied by businesses or income-producing properties. The underlying cash flows generated by the properties may be adversely impacted by a downturn in the economy as evidenced by a general slowdown in business or increased vacancy rates which, in turn, could have an effect on the credit quality of this segment. Management requests business financial statements at least annually and monitors the cash flows of these loans.

Commercial - Loans in this segment are made to businesses and are generally secured by non-real estate assets of the business. Repayment is expected from the cash flows of the business. A weakened economy, and resultant decreased consumer or business spending, could have an effect on the credit quality of this segment.

Consumer - Loans in this segment are made to individuals for personal expenditures, such as an automobile purchase, and include unsecured loans. Repayment is primarily dependent on the credit quality of the individual borrower. The overall health of the economy, including unemployment, could have an effect on the credit quality of this segment.

Municipal - Loans in this segment are made to municipalities located within the Company's service area. Repayment is primarily dependent on taxes or other funds collected by the municipalities. Management considers there to be minimal risk surrounding the credit quality of this segment.
An unallocated component is maintained to cover uncertainties that could affect management's estimate of probable losses. The unallocated component of the ALL reflects the margin of imprecision inherent in the underlying assumptions used in the methodologies for estimating specific and general losses in the portfolio.

All evaluations are inherently subjective as they require estimates that are susceptible to significant revision as more information becomes available or as changes occur in economic conditions or other relevant factors. Despite the allocation shown in the tables below, the ALL is general in nature and is available to absorb losses from any class of loan.

Changes in the ALL, by class of loans, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 were as follows:
For The Three Months Ended June 30, 2021Residential Real EstateConstruction Real EstateCommercial Real EstateCommercialConsumerMunicipalUnallocatedTotal
(Dollars in thousands)
Balance, March 31, 2021$1,996 $881 $4,133 $443 $13 $199 $764 $8,429 
Provision (credit) for loan losses86 143 (22)(18)(2)(118)75 
Recoveries of amounts charged off
2,082 1,024 4,111 425 12 81 770 8,505 
Amounts charged off
Balance, June 30, 2021$2,082 $1,024 $4,111 $425 $12 $81 $770 $8,505 
For The Three Months Ended June 30, 2020Residential Real EstateConstruction Real EstateCommercial Real EstateCommercialConsumerMunicipalUnallocatedTotal
(Dollars in thousands)
Balance, March 31, 2020$1,513 $622 $3,459 $407 $23 $85 $282 $6,391 
Provision (credit) for loan losses77 (28)373 84 (6)(3)500 
Recoveries of amounts charged off
1,590 594 3,832 491 26 79 279 6,891 
Amounts charged off(3)(3)
Balance, June 30, 2020$1,590 $594 $3,832 $491 $23 $79 $279 $6,888 


Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 16


For The Six Months Ended June 30, 2021Residential Real EstateConstruction Real EstateCommercial Real EstateCommercialConsumerMunicipalUnallocatedTotal
(Dollars in thousands)
Balance, December 31, 2020$1,776 $763 $4,199 $458 $15 $214 $846 $8,271 
Provision (credit) for loan
losses
298 261 (88)(33)(4)(133)(76)225 
Recoveries of amounts
charged off
2,082 1,024 4,111 425 12 81 770 8,505 
Amounts charged off
Balance, June 30, 2021$2,082 $1,024 $4,111 $425 $12 $81 $770 $8,505 
For The Six Months Ended June 30, 2020Residential Real EstateConstruction Real EstateCommercial Real EstateCommercialConsumerMunicipalUnallocatedTotal
(Dollars in thousands)
Balance, December 31, 2019$1,392 $774 $3,178 $394 $23 $76 $285 $6,122 
Provision (credit) for loan
losses
175 (180)708 97 (6)800 
Recoveries of amounts
charged off
23 23 
1,590 594 3,886 491 26 79 279 6,945 
Amounts charged off(54)(3)(57)
Balance, June 30, 2020$1,590 $594 $3,832 $491 $23 $79 $279 $6,888 

The allocation of the ALL, summarized on the basis of the Company's impairment methodology by class of loan, as of the balance sheet dates, was as follows:
June 30, 2021Residential Real EstateConstruction Real EstateCommercial Real EstateCommercialConsumerMunicipalUnallocatedTotal
(Dollars in thousands)
Individually evaluated
   for impairment
$28 $$30 $$$$$58 
Collectively evaluated
   for impairment
2,054 1,024 4,081 425 12 81 770 8,447 
Total allocated$2,082 $1,024 $4,111 $425 $12 $81 $770 $8,505 
December 31, 2020Residential Real EstateConstruction Real EstateCommercial Real EstateCommercialConsumerMunicipalUnallocatedTotal
(Dollars in thousands)
Individually evaluated
   for impairment
$30 $$21 $$$$$58 
Collectively evaluated
   for impairment
1,746 763 4,178 451 15 214 846 8,213 
Total allocated$1,776 $763 $4,199 $458 $15 $214 $846 $8,271 

The recorded investment in loans, summarized on the basis of the Company's impairment methodology by class of loan, as of the balance sheet dates, was as follows:
June 30, 2021Residential Real EstateConstruction Real EstateCommercial Real EstateCommercialConsumerMunicipalTotal
(Dollars in thousands)
Individually evaluated
   for impairment
$1,691 $208 $5,266 $12 $$$7,177 
Collectively evaluated
   for impairment
214,334 74,902 311,677 98,208 2,638 32,538 734,297 
Total$216,025 $75,110 $316,943 $98,220 $2,638 $32,538 $741,474 

Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 17


December 31, 2020Residential Real EstateConstruction Real EstateCommercial Real EstateCommercialConsumerMunicipalTotal
(Dollars in thousands)
Individually evaluated
   for impairment
$1,782 $210 $2,422 $207 $$$4,621 
Collectively evaluated
   for impairment
181,384 57,207 318,205 108,654 2,601 98,497 766,548 
Total$183,166 $57,417 $320,627 $108,861 $2,601 $98,497 $771,169 

Risk and collateral ratings are assigned to loans and are subject to ongoing monitoring by lending and credit personnel with such ratings updated annually or more frequently if warranted. The following is an overview of the Company's loan rating system:
1-3 Rating - Pass
Risk-rating grades "1" through "3" comprise those loans ranging from those with lower than average credit risk, defined as borrowers with high liquidity, excellent financial condition, strong management, favorable industry trends or loans secured by highly liquid assets, through those with marginal credit risk, defined as borrowers that, while creditworthy, exhibit some characteristics requiring special attention by the account officer.
4-4.5 Rating - Satisfactory/Monitor
Borrowers exhibit potential credit weaknesses or downward trends warranting management's attention. While potentially weak, these borrowers are currently marginally acceptable; no loss of principal or interest is envisioned. When warranted, these credits may be monitored on the watch list.
5-7 Rating - Substandard
Borrowers exhibit well defined weaknesses that jeopardize the orderly liquidation of debt. The loan may be inadequately protected by the net worth and paying capacity of the obligor and/or the underlying collateral is inadequate.

The following tables summarize the loan ratings applied by management to the Company's loans by class as of the balance sheet dates:
June 30, 2021Residential Real EstateConstruction Real EstateCommercial Real EstateCommercialConsumerMunicipalTotal
(Dollars in thousands)
Pass$195,730 $49,882 $167,889 $88,819 $2,631 $32,538 $537,489 
Satisfactory/Monitor17,064 25,020 142,936 9,301 194,328 
Substandard3,231 208 6,118 100 9,657 
Total$216,025 $75,110 $316,943 $98,220 $2,638 $32,538 $741,474 
December 31, 2020Residential Real EstateConstruction Real EstateCommercial Real EstateCommercialConsumerMunicipalTotal
(Dollars in thousands)
Pass$166,119 $42,853 $172,048 $98,314 $2,595 $98,497 $580,426 
Satisfactory/Monitor13,756 14,319 144,784 10,116 — 182,981 
Substandard3,291 245 3,795 431 7,762 
Total$183,166 $57,417 $320,627 $108,861 $2,601 $98,497 $771,169 



Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 18


The following tables provide information with respect to impaired loans by class of loan as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020:
As of June 30, 2021For The Three Months Ended June 30, 2021For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2021
Recorded Investment
(1)
Principal Balance
(1)
Related AllowanceAverage Recorded InvestmentInterest Income RecognizedAverage Recorded InvestmentInterest Income Recognized
(Dollars in thousands)
Residential real estate$203 $213 $28 
Commercial real estate1,612 1,769 30 
With an allowance recorded1,815 1,982 58 
Residential real estate1,488 2,080 — 
Construction real estate208 229 — 
Commercial real estate3,654 3,759 — 
Commercial12 14 — 
With no allowance recorded5,362 6,082 — 
Residential real estate1,691 2,293 28 $1,715 $22 $1,738 $77 
Construction real estate208 229 209 209 
Commercial real estate5,266 5,528 30 5,271 25 4,321 38 
Commercial12 14 91 130 
Total$7,177 $8,064 $58 $7,286 $49 $6,398 $123 
____________________
(1)Does not reflect government guaranties on impaired loans as of June 30, 2021 totaling $354 thousand.
As of June 30, 2020For The Three Months Ended June 30, 2020For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2020
Recorded Investment
(1)
Principal Balance
(1)
Related AllowanceAverage Recorded InvestmentInterest Income RecognizedAverage Recorded InvestmentInterest Income Recognized
(Dollars in thousands)
Residential real estate$1,959 $2,524 $35 $1,724 $$1,654 $28 
Construction real estate218 237 218 219 
Commercial real estate3,085 3,264 86 3,121 16 3,149 38 
Commercial250 254 265 276 12 
Total$5,512 $6,279 $130 $5,328 $31 $5,298 $80 
____________________
(1)Does not reflect government guaranties on impaired loans as of June 30, 2020 totaling $553 thousand.



Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 19


The following table provides information with respect to impaired loans by class of loan as of December 31, 2020:
December 31, 2020
Recorded Investment
(1)
Principal Balance
(1)
Related Allowance
(Dollars in thousands)
Residential real estate$208 $218 $30 
Commercial real estate1,634 1,774 21 
Commercial11 
With an allowance recorded1,851 2,003 58 
Residential real estate1,574 2,182 — 
Construction real estate210 231 — 
Commercial real estate788 890 — 
Commercial198 200 — 
With no allowance recorded2,770 3,503 — 
Residential real estate1,782 2,400 30 
Construction real estate210 231 
Commercial real estate2,422 2,664 21 
Commercial207 211 
Total$4,621 $5,506 $58 
____________________
(1)Does not reflect government guaranties on impaired loans as of December 31, 2020 totaling $514 thousand.

The following is a summary of TDR loans by class of loan as of the balance sheet dates:
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Number of LoansPrincipal BalanceNumber of LoansPrincipal Balance
(Dollars in thousands)
Residential real estate30 $1,691 32 $1,782 
Construction real estate83 87 
Commercial real estate756 788 
Commercial12 207 
Total40 $2,542 45 $2,864 

The TDR loans above represent loan modifications in which a concession was provided to the borrower, including due date extensions, maturity date extensions, interest rate reductions or the forgiveness of accrued interest. Troubled loans that are restructured and meet established thresholds are classified as impaired and a specific reserve amount is allocated to the ALL on the basis of the fair value of the collateral for collateral dependent loans, an observable market price, or the present value of anticipated future cash flows.


Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 20


There was no new TDR activity for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021. The following table provides new TDR activity for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020:
New TDRs During theNew TDRs During the
Three Months Ended June 30, 2020Six Months Ended June 30, 2020
Number of LoansPre-Modification Outstanding Recorded InvestmentPost-Modification Outstanding Recorded InvestmentNumber of LoansPre-Modification Outstanding Recorded InvestmentPost-Modification Outstanding Recorded Investment
(Dollars in thousands)
Residential real estate$493 $493 $493 $493 
There were 0 TDR loans modified within the previous twelve months that subsequently defaulted during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 or 2020. TDR loans are considered defaulted at 90 days past due.
In March 2020, the federal banking agencies issued guidance, confirmed by the FASB, that certain short-term modifications made to loans to borrowers affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and government shutdown orders would not be considered TDRs under specified circumstances (See Notes 2 and 5). Through June 30, 2021, the Company had executed modifications under this guidance on outstanding loan balances of $159.1 million that carried accrued interest of $946 thousand. Of the total modifications executed, outstanding loan balances of $2.0 million remained subject to modified terms and carried accrued interest of $78 thousand as of June 30, 2021. The Company intends to continue to follow the guidance of the banking regulators in making TDR determinations.

At June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company was not committed to lend any additional funds to borrowers whose loans were nonperforming, impaired or restructured.

Note 9.  Stock Based Compensation
Under the Union Bankshares, Inc. 2014 Equity Incentive Plan, 50,000 shares of the Company’s common stock were reserved for equity awards of incentive stock options, nonqualified stock options, restricted stock and RSUs to eligible officers and (except for awards of incentive stock options) nonemployee directors. Shares available for issuance of awards under the 2014 Equity Plan consist of unissued shares of the Company’s common stock and/or shares held in treasury. As of June 30, 2021, there were outstanding grants of RSUs and incentive stock options under the 2014 Equity Plan with respect to an aggregate of 28,044 shares of common stock.

RSUs. Each outstanding RSU represents the right to receive 1 share of the Company's common stock upon satisfaction of applicable vesting conditions. The general terms of the awards are described in the Company's 2020 Annual Report. Prior to vesting, the RSUs do not earn dividends or dividend equivalents, nor do they bear any voting rights.
The following table summarizes the RSUs awarded to Company executives in 2019, 2020 and 2021, and the number of such RSUs remaining unvested as of June 30, 2021:
Number of RSUs GrantedWeighted-Average Grant Date Fair ValueNumber of Unvested RSUs
2019 Award3,734 $47.75 500 
2020 Award8,918 36.26 5,139 
2021 Award17,68526.73 17,685 
Total30,33723,324
Unrecognized compensation expense related to the unvested RSUs as of June 30, 2021 and 2020 was $396 thousand and $329 thousand, respectively, and $209 thousand as of December 31, 2020.
On May 19, 2021, the Company's board of directors, as a component of total director compensation, granted an aggregate of 1,220 RSUs to the Company's non-employee directors. Each RSU represents the right to receive 1 share of the Company's common stock upon satisfaction of applicable vesting conditions. The RSUs will vest in May 2022, subject to continued board service through the vesting date, other than in the case of the director's death or disability. Prior to vesting, the RSUs do not earn dividends or dividend equivalents, nor do they bear any voting rights. Unrecognized director compensation expense related to the unvested RSUs as of June 30, 2021 was $37 thousand.
Stock options. As of June 30, 2021, 3,500 incentive stock options granted in December 2014 under the 2014 Equity Plan remained outstanding and exercisable and will expire in December 2021. The intrinsic value of those options was $43 thousand

Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 21


as of June 30, 2021. During the six months ended June 30, 2021, 1,000 incentive stock options under the 2014 Equity Plan were exercised. There was 0 unrecognized compensation expense related to the remaining options as of June 30, 2021.

Note 10. Other Comprehensive Income
Accounting principles generally require recognized revenue, expenses, gains and losses be included in net income or loss. Certain changes in assets and liabilities, such as the after tax effect of unrealized gains and losses on investment securities AFS that are not OTTI, are not reflected in the consolidated statements of income. The cumulative effect of such items, net of tax effect, is reported as a separate component of the equity section of the consolidated balance sheets (Accumulated OCI). OCI, along with net income, comprises the Company's total comprehensive income or loss.

As of the balance sheet dates, the components of Accumulated OCI, net of tax, were:
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
 (Dollars in thousands)
Net unrealized gain on investment securities available-for-sale$1,001 $2,636 

The following tables disclose the tax effects allocated to each component of OCI for the three and six months ended June 30:
 Three Months Ended
June 30, 2021June 30, 2020
Before-Tax AmountTax (Expense) BenefitNet-of-Tax AmountBefore-Tax AmountTax (Expense) BenefitNet-of-Tax Amount
Investment securities available-for-sale:(Dollars in thousands)
Net unrealized holding gains arising during the period on investment securities available-for-sale$1,165 $(245)$920 $830 $(174)$656 
Total other comprehensive income$1,165 $(245)$920 $830 $(174)$656 
 Six Months Ended
June 30, 2021June 30, 2020
Before-Tax AmountTax (Expense) BenefitNet-of-Tax AmountBefore-Tax AmountTax (Expense) BenefitNet-of-Tax Amount
Investment securities available-for-sale:(Dollars in thousands)
Net unrealized holding (losses) gains arising during the period on investment securities available-for-sale$(2,069)$434 $(1,635)$2,202 $(462)$1,740 
Reclassification adjustment for net gains on investment securities available-for-sale realized in net income(11)(9)
Total other comprehensive (loss) income$(2,069)$434 $(1,635)$2,191 $(460)$1,731 



Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 22


There were 0 reclassification adjustments from OCI for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 or the six months ended June 30, 2021. The following table discloses information concerning reclassification adjustments from OCI for the six months ended June 30, 2020:
Six Months Ended
Reclassification Adjustment DescriptionJune 30, 2020Affected Line Item in
Consolidated Statement of Income
(Dollars in thousands)
Investment securities available-for-sale:
Net gains on investment securities available-for-sale$(11)Net gains on sales of investment securities available-for-sale
Tax expenseProvision for income taxes
Total reclassifications$(9)Net income

Note 11. Fair Value Measurement
The Company utilizes FASB ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement, as guidance for accounting for assets and liabilities carried at fair value. This standard defines fair value as the price that would be received, without adjustment for transaction costs, to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Fair value is a market based measurement that should be determined based on assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability. The guidance in FASB ASC Topic 820 establishes a three-level fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. A financial instrument’s level within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are:
Level 1 - Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities;
Level 2 - Quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices in markets that are not active, or inputs that are observable, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the asset or liability;
Level 3 - Prices or valuation techniques that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable (i.e., supported by little or no market activity).

The following is a description of the valuation methodologies used for the Company’s assets that are measured on a recurring basis at estimated fair value:
Investment securities AFS: The Company’s AFS securities have been valued utilizing Level 2 inputs. For these securities, the Company obtains fair value measurements from an independent pricing service. The fair value measurements consider observable data that may include market maker bids, quotes and pricing models. Inputs to the pricing models include recent trades, benchmark interest rates, spreads and actual and projected cash flows.
Mutual funds: Mutual funds have been valued using unadjusted quoted prices from active markets and therefore have been classified as Level 1.


Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 23


Assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, segregated by fair value hierarchy level, are summarized below:
 Fair Value Measurements
 Fair
Value
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets
(Level 1)
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
June 30, 2021:(Dollars in thousands)
Debt securities AFS:
U.S. Government-sponsored enterprises$17,825 $$17,825 $
Agency mortgage-backed102,649 102,649 
State and political subdivisions29,281 29,281 
Corporate8,346 8,346 
Total debt securities$158,101 $$158,101 $
Other investments:
Mutual funds$1,174 $1,174 $$
December 31, 2020:    
Debt securities AFS:    
U.S. Government-sponsored enterprises$6,548 $$6,548 $
Agency mortgage-backed62,352 62,352 
State and political subdivisions28,461 28,461 
Corporate8,402 8,402 
Total debt securities$105,763 $$105,763 $
Other investments:
Mutual funds$1,047 $1,047 $$
There were no transfers in or out of Levels 1 and 2 during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 or the year ended December 31, 2020, nor were there any Level 3 assets at any time during either period. Certain other assets and liabilities are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis, that is, the instruments are not measured at fair value on an ongoing basis but are subject to fair value adjustments in certain circumstances (for example, when there is evidence of impairment). Assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis in periods after initial recognition, such as collateral-dependent impaired loans, MSRs and OREO, were not considered material at June 30, 2021 or December 31, 2020. The Company has not elected to apply the fair value method to any financial assets or liabilities other than those situations where other accounting pronouncements require fair value measurements.

FASB ASC Topic 825, Financial Instruments, requires disclosure of the estimated fair value of financial instruments. Fair value is best determined based upon quoted market prices. However, in many instances, there are no quoted market prices for the Company’s various financial instruments. In cases where quoted market prices are not available, fair values are based on estimates using present value or other valuation techniques. Those techniques are significantly affected by the assumptions used, including the discount rate and estimates of future cash flows. Management’s estimates and assumptions are inherently subjective and involve uncertainties and matters of significant judgment. Changes in assumptions could dramatically affect the estimated fair values.

Accordingly, the fair value estimates may not be realized in an immediate settlement of the instrument. Certain financial instruments and all nonfinancial instruments may be excluded from disclosure requirements. Thus, the aggregate fair value amounts presented may not necessarily represent the actual underlying fair value of such instruments of the Company.



Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 24


As of the balance sheet dates, the estimated fair values and related carrying amounts of the Company's significant financial instruments were as follows:
June 30, 2021
Fair Value Measurements
Carrying
Amount
Estimated Fair
Value
Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical
Assets
(Level 1)
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
(Dollars in thousands)
Financial assets
Cash and cash equivalents$61,231 $61,231 $61,231 $$
Interest bearing deposits in banks12,948 12,950 12,950 
Investment securities159,275 159,275 1,174 158,101 
Loans held for sale42,149 43,207 43,207 
Loans, net
Residential real estate213,775 216,779 216,779 
Construction real estate74,027 74,193 74,193 
Commercial real estate311,815 314,481 314,481 
Commercial97,718 96,600 96,600 
Consumer2,624 2,603 2,603 
Municipal32,432 33,109 33,109 
Accrued interest receivable3,330 3,330 520 2,810 
Nonmarketable equity securities1,162 N/AN/AN/AN/A
Financial liabilities
Deposits
Noninterest bearing$243,573 $243,573 $243,573 $$
Interest bearing610,540 610,540 610,540 
Time113,567 113,949 113,949 
Borrowed funds
Long-term7,164 7,483 7,483 
Accrued interest payable66 66 66 

Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 25


 December 31, 2020
 Fair Value Measurements
Carrying
Amount
Estimated Fair
Value
Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical
Assets
(Level 1)
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
(Dollars in thousands)
Financial assets
Cash and cash equivalents$122,771 $122,771 $122,771 $$
Interest bearing deposits in banks12,699 12,699 12,699 
Investment securities106,810 106,810 1,047 105,763 
Loans held for sale32,188 33,437 33,437 
Loans, net
Residential real estate181,355 185,890 185,890 
Construction real estate56,643 56,882 56,882 
Commercial real estate315,522 324,085 324,085 
Commercial108,382 106,358 106,358 
Consumer2,586 2,557 2,557 
Municipal98,264 98,973 98,973 
Accrued interest receivable4,129 4,129 446 3,683 
Nonmarketable equity securities1,150 N/AN/AN/AN/A
Financial liabilities
Deposits
Noninterest bearing$215,245 $215,245 $215,245 $— $
Interest bearing637,369 637,369 637,369 
Time141,688 142,605 142,605 
Borrowed funds
Long-term7,164 7,585 7,585 
Accrued interest payable108 108 108 
The carrying amounts in the preceding tables are included in the consolidated balance sheets under the applicable captions. Accrued interest receivable and nonmarketable equity securities are included in Other assets in the consolidated balance sheets.

Note 12. Subsequent Events
Subsequent events represent events or transactions occurring after the balance sheet date but before the financial statements are issued. Financial statements are considered “issued” when they are widely distributed to shareholders and others for general use and reliance in a form and format that complies with GAAP. Events occurring subsequent to June 30, 2021 have been evaluated as to their potential impact to the consolidated financial statements.
On July 21, 2021, the Company declared a regular quarterly cash dividend of $0.33 per share, payable August 5, 2021, to stockholders of record on July 31, 2021.


Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 26


Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
GENERAL
The following discussion and analysis focuses on those factors that, in management's view, had a material effect on the financial position of the Company as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, and its results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020. This discussion is being presented to provide a narrative explanation of the consolidated financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes and with other financial data appearing elsewhere in this filing and with the Company's 2020 Annual Report. In the opinion of the Company's management, the interim unaudited consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments and disclosures necessary to fairly present the Company's consolidated financial position and results of operations for the interim periods presented. Management is not aware of the occurrence of any events after June 30, 2021 which would materially affect the information presented.
Please refer to Note 1 in the Company's unaudited interim consolidated financial statements at Part I, Item 1 of this Report for definitions of acronyms, abbreviations and capitalized terms used throughout the following discussion and analysis.
CAUTIONARY ADVICE ABOUT FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS
The Company, "we," "us," "our," may from time to time make written or oral statements that are considered “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements may include financial projections, statements of plans and objectives for future operations, estimates of future economic performance or conditions and assumptions relating thereto. The Company may include forward-looking statements in its filings with the SEC, in its reports to stockholders, including this quarterly report, in press releases, other written materials, and in statements made by senior management to analysts, rating agencies, institutional investors, representatives of the media and others.
Forward-looking statements reflect management's current expectations and are subject to uncertainties, both general and specific, and risk exists that actual results will differ from those predictions, forecasts, projections and other estimates contained in forward-looking statements. These risks cannot be readily quantified. When management uses any of the words “believes,” “expects,” “predicts,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “projects,” “plans,” “seeks,” “estimates,” “targets,” “goals,” “may,” “might,” “could,” “would,” “should,” or similar expressions, they are making forward-looking statements. Many possible events or factors, including those beyond the control of management, could affect the future financial results and performance of the Company.
Factors that may cause results or performance to differ materially from those expressed in forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:
General economic conditions and financial instability, either nationally, internationally, regionally or locally;
Increased competitive pressures, including those from tax-advantaged credit unions and other financial service providers in our northern Vermont and New Hampshire market area or in the financial services industry generally, from increasing consolidation and integration of financial service providers, and from changes in technology and delivery systems;
Interest rates change in a way that puts pressure on the Company's margins, or that results in lower fee income and lower gain on sale of real estate loans, or that increases our interest costs;
Changes in laws or government rules, or the way in which courts or government agencies interpret or implement those laws or rules, that increase our costs of doing business or otherwise adversely affect our business;
Further changes in federal or state tax policy;
Changes in our level of nonperforming assets and charge-offs;
Changes in depositor behavior resulting in movement of funds out of bank deposits and into the stock market or other higher-yielding investments;
Changes in estimates of future reserve requirements based upon relevant regulatory and accounting requirements;
Changes in information technology that require increased capital spending or that result in new or increased risks;
Changes in consumer and business spending, borrowing and savings habits;
Changes in accounting principles, including those governing the manner of estimating our credit risk and calculating our loan loss reserve;
Further changes to the regulations governing the calculation of the Company’s regulatory capital ratios;
Increased competitive pressures affecting the ability of the Company to attract, develop and retain employees;
Increased cybersecurity threats; and
The effect of and changes in the United States monetary and fiscal policies, including interest rate policies and regulation of the money supply by the FRB.

Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 27


In addition, statements about the continuing and potential future effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, including emergence of virus variants, on the Company's financial position and results of operations reflect inherent uncertainties and may constitute forward-looking statements. Such statements may include, but are not limited to, statements concerning:
the continuing ability of our employees to work remotely;
our ability to staff our branches and keep our branches open;
the continuing strength of our capital and liquidity positions;
our continued ability to access sources of contingent liquidity;
the continuing strength of the asset quality in our lending portfolios; and
the potential effectiveness of relief measures and programs for customers affected by COVID-19.
When evaluating forward-looking statements to make decisions about the Company and our stock, investors and others are cautioned to consider these and other risks and uncertainties, and are reminded not to place undue reliance on such statements. Investors should not consider the foregoing list of factors to be a complete list of risks or uncertainties. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made and the Company undertakes no obligation to update them to reflect new or changed information or events, except as may be required by federal securities laws.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Under SEC Regulation G, public companies making disclosures containing financial measures that are not in accordance with GAAP must also disclose, along with each non-GAAP financial measure, certain additional information, including a reconciliation of the non-GAAP financial measure to the closest comparable GAAP financial measure, as well as a statement of the company’s reasons for utilizing the non-GAAP financial measure. The SEC has exempted from the definition of non-GAAP financial measures certain commonly used financial measures that are not based on GAAP. However, two non-GAAP financial measures commonly used by financial institutions, namely tax-equivalent net interest income and tax-equivalent net interest margin (as presented in the tables in the section labeled Yields Earned and Rates Paid), have not been specifically exempted by the SEC, and may therefore constitute non-GAAP financial measures under Regulation G. We are unable to state with certainty whether the SEC would regard those measures as subject to Regulation G. Management believes that these non-GAAP financial measures are useful in evaluating the Company’s financial performance and facilitate comparisons with the performance of other financial institutions. However, that information should be considered supplemental in nature and not as a substitute for related financial information prepared in accordance with GAAP.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES
The Company has established various accounting policies which govern the application of GAAP in the preparation of the Company's consolidated financial statements. Certain accounting policies involve significant judgments and assumptions by management which have a material impact on the reported amount of assets, liabilities, capital, revenues and expenses and related disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. The SEC has defined a company's critical accounting policies as the ones that are most important to the portrayal of the company's financial condition and results of operations, and which require management to make its most difficult and subjective judgments, often as a result of the need to make estimates on matters that are inherently uncertain. Based on this definition, management has identified the accounting policies and judgments most critical to the Company. They include establishing the amount of ALL, evaluating our investment securities for OTTI, and valuing our intangible assets. The judgments and assumptions used by management are based on historical experience and other factors, which are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Because of the nature of the judgments and assumptions made by management, actual results could differ from estimates and have a material impact on the carrying value of assets, liabilities, or capital, and/or the results of operations of the Company.
Please refer to the Company's 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K for a more in-depth discussion of the Company's critical accounting policies. There have been no changes to the Company's critical accounting policies since the filing of that report.

OVERVIEW
Consolidated net income increased $323 thousand, or 12.1%, to $3.0 million for the second quarter of 2021 compared to $2.7 million for the second quarter of 2020 due to the combined effect of increases in net interest income of $1.1 million and noninterest income of $151 thousand, and a decrease in the provision for loan losses of $425 thousand, partially offset by increases of $1.3 million in noninterest expenses and $116 thousand in income tax expense.
Net interest income increased $2.0 million, or 13.3%, to $17.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021, compared to $15.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020. Interest income increased $1.3 million primarily due to higher volumes of earning assets despite lower yields, and recognition of fee income from PPP loans for the first six months of 2021 compared to the same period in 2020. Interest expense was $2.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $2.8

Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 28


million for the six months ended June 30, 2020, reflecting lower rates paid on deposits despite an increase in interest-bearing liabilities between periods of $128.1 million.
The provision for loan losses was $225 thousand for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $800 thousand for the same period in 2020. The provision for loan losses was higher for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 due to management's adjustment to the economic qualitative factors utilized to estimate the allowance for loan losses due to the economic uncertainty at the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. There were no changes to the methodology for calculating the allowance for loan losses during either of the six month comparison periods.
Total noninterest income amounted to $5.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $5.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020, an increase of $254 thousand, or 4.6%. The increase is primarily due to an increase in service fee income. Sales of qualifying residential loans amounted to $85.2 million with net gains of $2.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021, compared to residential loan sales of $97.8 million with net gains of $2.0 million for the same period in 2020. The decrease in the volume of loan sales reflects management's decision to slow sales in the first quarter of 2021 to utilize some excess liquidity and increase interest income on loans.
Total noninterest expenses were $15.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021, compared to $14.3 million for the same period in 2020. Increases of $686 thousand in salaries and wages, $159 thousand in employee benefits, $174 thousand in equipment expenses, $527 thousand in other expenses and $13 thousand in occupancy expenses, occurred between the six month comparison periods of 2021 and 2020.
At June 30, 2021, the Company had total consolidated assets of $1.07 billion, including gross loans and loans held for sale (total loans) of $783.6 million, deposits of $967.7 million, borrowed funds of $7.2 million, and stockholders' equity of $82.4 million.
As of June 30, 2021, Union had originated a combined total of $102.1 million in PPP loans since inception of the program in 2020. As of June 30, 2021, $44.8 million in PPP loans had been forgiven by the SBA. Union's borrowers have received 100% forgiveness on all applications submitted to date. Interest income and origination fees from PPP loans were $888 thousand and $1.7 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively. As of June 30, 2021, there was $1.7 million remaining in PPP origination fee income to be recognized in future periods.
The Company's total capital increased from $80.9 million at December 31, 2020 to $82.4 million at June 30, 2021. This increase primarily reflects net income of $5.9 million for the first six months of 2021, offset by decreases of $1.6 million in accumulated other comprehensive income and regular cash dividends declared of $3.0 million. (See Capital Resources on page 44.)


Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 29


The following unaudited per share information and key ratios depict several measurements of performance or financial condition at or for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively:
 Three Months Ended or At June 30,Six Months Ended or At June 30,
 2021202020212020
Return on average assets (1)1.06 %1.11 %1.05 %1.08 %
Return on average equity (1)14.76 %14.38 %14.51 %13.25 %
Net interest margin (1)(2)3.40 %3.55 %3.36 %3.71 %
Efficiency ratio (3)68.89 %65.28 %67.94 %67.92 %
Net interest spread (4)3.28 %3.38 %3.24 %3.53 %
Loan to deposit ratio80.98 %89.84 %80.98 %89.84 %
Net loan charge-offs to average loans not held for sale (1)— %— %— %0.01 %
Allowance for loan losses to loans not held for sale1.15 %0.99 %1.15 %0.99 %
Nonperforming assets to total assets (5)0.56 %0.35 %0.56 %0.35 %
Equity to assets7.73 %8.26 %7.73 %8.26 %
Total capital to risk weighted assets13.47 %13.44 %13.47 %13.44 %
Book value per share$18.37 $16.93 $18.37 $16.93 
Earnings per share$0.67 $0.60 $1.31 $1.09 
Dividends paid per share$0.33 $0.32 $0.66 $0.64 
Dividend payout ratio (6)49.25 %53.33 %50.38 %58.72 %
__________________
(1)Annualized.
(2)The ratio of tax equivalent net interest income to average earning assets. See pages 32 and 33 for more information.
(3)The ratio of noninterest expense to tax equivalent net interest income and noninterest income, excluding securities gains (losses).
(4)The difference between the average yield on earning assets and the average rate paid on  interest bearing liabilities. See pages 32 and 33 for more information.
(5)Nonperforming assets are loans or investment securities that are in nonaccrual or 90 or more days past due as well as OREO or OAO.
(6)Cash dividends declared and paid per share divided by consolidated net income per share.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Net Interest Income. The largest component of the Company’s operating income is net interest income, which is the difference between interest and dividend income received from earning assets and interest expense paid on interest bearing liabilities. Net interest income is affected by various factors including, but not limited to changes in interest rates, loan and deposit pricing strategies, the volume and mix of interest earning assets and interest bearing liabilities, and the level of nonperforming assets. Net interest margin is calculated as the net interest income on a fully tax equivalent basis as a percentage of average earning assets.
The fed funds target range remains at 0% to 0.25% since the reductions made by the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) in March 2020. The most recent meeting of the FOMC, held on July 28, 2021, indicated that this low target range will remain in effect until members of the FOMC are confident the economy has weathered recent events and is on track to achieve its maximum employment and price stability goals, which likely will be beyond 2021.
The average yield on average earning assets was 3.77% for the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to 4.16% for the three months ended June 30, 2020, a decrease of 39 bps despite an increase in average earning assets of $171.0 million. The prolonged low interest rate environment continues to put downward pressure on asset yields. Interest income on investment securities increased $113 thousand between the three month comparison periods due to an increase in the average balances of $61.6 million, despite a decrease of 73 bps in the average yield. The average balance of PPP loans was $68.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 with an average yield of 5.22%, which takes into account the 1.0% interest charged on PPP loans and related fee income recognized during the three months ended June 30, 2021. Interest income on loans, excluding PPP loans, increased $151 thousand between comparison periods due to an increase in the average volume of loans outstanding of $79.4 million, partially offset by a decrease of 43 bps in the average yield.

Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 30


Interest expense for the second quarter of 2021 decreased $382 thousand compared to the second quarter of 2020 due to lower rates paid on customer deposit accounts, partially offset by increases in average balances of $100.5 million. The increase in average balances is due to an increase in the money supply from proceeds of PPP loans, government stimulus payments, and other economic recovery payments. The average rate paid on interest bearing liabilities decreased 29 bps, to 0.49% for the second quarter of 2021 compared to 0.78% for the second quarter of 2020. The average rates paid on interest bearing checking accounts and savings and money market accounts decreased 18 bps and 23 bps, respectively, between the second quarter comparison periods. The Company decreased interest rates paid on deposit accounts early in 2021 and implemented a tiered rate structure in these accounts which has remained in place as of June 30, 2021. The decreases in these interest rates resulted in decreases in interest expense of $47 thousand and $51 thousand, respectively, between the three month comparison periods. Interest expense on time deposits decreased $230 thousand due to decreases in the average volume of $26.3 million and 47 bps in the average rate paid during the second quarter of 2021 compared to the same period in 2020. The decrease in the average volume is due to customers transferring proceeds from matured CDs into non-maturity deposits in hopes of obtaining higher yields in future periods. The higher rate paying CD specials offered in prior years will mature early in the third quarter of 2021. This will support further reduction in the rates paid on time deposits for the remainder of 2021. Higher customer deposit balances reduced reliance on wholesale funding, as evidenced by decreases between the three month comparison periods of $37.4 million in the average outstanding balance of borrowed funds and $54 thousand in related interest expense.
The net interest spread decreased 10 bps to 3.28% for the second quarter of 2021, from 3.38% for the same period last year, reflecting the net effect of the 29 bps decrease in the average rate paid on interest bearing liabilities and the 39 bps decrease in the average yield earned on interest earning assets between periods. The net interest margin decreased 15 bps during the second quarter of 2021 compared to the same period last year as a result of the changes discussed above.
Net interest income was $17.3 million, on a fully tax equivalent basis for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $15.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020, an increase of $2.0 million, or 13.3%. The average volume of earning assets increased $209.0 million and the average yield on earning assets decreased 61 bps to 3.77% compared to 4.38% for the comparison period. Average loans, excluding PPP loans, increased $70.5 million, or 10.25%, to $757.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021. Despite an increase in the average loan volume, interest income on loans decreased $110 thousand between periods, due to the decrease in the average yield. As discussed above, the current interest rate environment and competition for quality loans continues to put downward pressure on loan yields. The average balance of PPP loans for the six months ended June 30, 2021 was $70.9 million with an average yield of 4.96% compared to $26.1 million with an average yield of 2.84% for the six months ended June 30, 2020. As mentioned above, the average yield on PPP loans includes the interest earned at 1.0% on the loan as well as origination fee income recognized during the respective periods.
The average cost of funds, which is tied primarily to customer deposit accounts, decreased 32 bps to 0.53% for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to 0.85% for the six months ended June 30, 2020. Interest expense decreased $738 thousand, to $2.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $2.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease in interest expense was primarily due to lower rates paid on interest bearing liabilities despite an increase in average balances of $128.1 million between periods. Should the low interest rate environment persist, management expects further reduction in the average cost of funds in future periods due to lowering of interest rates on time deposit and savings account products.
The net interest spread decreased 29 bps to 3.24% for the six months ended June 30, 2021, from 3.53% for the same period last year reflecting the net effect of the 32 bps decrease in the average rate paid on interest bearing liabilities and the 61 bps decrease in the average yield earned on interest earning assets between periods. The net interest margin decreased 35 bps for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same period last year as a result of the changes discussed above.


Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 31


The following tables show for the periods indicated the total amount of tax equivalent interest income recorded from average interest earning assets, the related average tax equivalent yields, the tax equivalent interest expense associated with average interest bearing liabilities, the related tax equivalent average rates paid, and the resulting tax equivalent net interest spread and margin.
 Three Months Ended June 30,
 20212020
 Average
Balance
Interest
Earned/
Paid
Average
Yield/
Rate
Average
Balance
Interest
Earned/
Paid
Average
Yield/
Rate
 (Dollars in thousands)
Average Assets:      
Federal funds sold and overnight deposits$59,892 $14 0.09 %$50,073 $11 0.09 %
Interest bearing deposits in banks13,594 34 1.01 %7,939 40 2.01 %
Investment securities (1), (2)146,463 610 1.75 %84,880 497 2.48 %
PPP loans, net (3)68,223 888 5.22 %52,125 368 2.84 %
Loans, net (1), (4)776,010 8,348 4.36 %696,610 8,197 4.79 %
Nonmarketable equity securities1,156 1.48 %2,742 26 3.77 %
Total interest earning assets (1)1,065,338 9,898 3.77 %894,369 9,139 4.16 %
Cash and due from banks4,676   5,530 
Premises and equipment21,825   20,477 
Other assets36,915   37,676 
Total assets$1,128,754   $958,052 
Average Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity:  
Interest bearing checking accounts$248,878 156 0.25 %$192,436 203 0.43 %
Savings/money market accounts422,592 509 0.48 %314,819 560 0.71 %
Time deposits119,941 259 0.87 %146,272 489 1.34 %
Borrowed funds and other liabilities7,166 55 3.02 %44,561 109 0.96 %
Total interest bearing liabilities798,577 979 0.49 %698,088 1,361 0.78 %
Noninterest bearing deposits239,971   174,785 
Other liabilities9,124   10,990 
Total liabilities1,047,672   883,863 
Stockholders' equity81,082   74,189 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$1,128,754   $958,052 
Net interest income $8,919   $7,778 
Net interest spread (1)  3.28 %  3.38 %
Net interest margin (1)  3.40 %  3.55 %

Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 32


 Six Months Ended June 30,
 20212020
 Average
Balance
Interest
Earned/
Paid
Average
Yield/
Rate
Average
Balance
Interest
Earned/
Paid
Average
Yield/
Rate
 (Dollars in thousands)
Average Assets:      
Federal funds sold and overnight deposits$71,310 $33 0.09 %$34,148 $64 0.37 %
Interest bearing deposits in banks13,779 71 1.04 %7,240 81 2.24 %
Investment securities (1), (2)136,901 1,165 1.79 %85,596 1,041 2.57 %
PPP loans, net (3)70,906 1,743 4.96 %26,063 368 2.84 %
Loans (excluding PPP loans), net (1), (4)757,612 16,378 4.41 %687,155 16,488 4.88 %
Nonmarketable equity securities1,153 1.47 %2,447 60 4.94 %
Total interest earning assets (1)1,051,661 19,398 3.77 %842,649 18,102 4.38 %
Cash and due from banks4,884 5,359 
Premises and equipment20,916 20,651 
Other assets37,163 35,130 
Total assets$1,114,624 $903,789 
Average Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity:  
Interest bearing checking accounts$241,649 303 0.25 %$180,975 373 0.42 %
Savings/money market accounts417,956 1,058 0.51 %299,195 1,176 0.79 %
Time deposits126,741 610 0.97 %146,334 1,012 1.39 %
Borrowed funds and other liabilities7,165 109 3.02 %38,910 257 1.30 %
Total interest bearing liabilities793,511 2,080 0.53 %665,414 2,818 0.85 %
Noninterest bearing deposits230,651 155,113 
Other liabilities9,599 9,847 
Total liabilities1,033,761 830,374 
Stockholders' equity80,863 73,415 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$1,114,624 $903,789 
Net interest income$17,318 $15,284 
Net interest spread (1)3.24 %3.53 %
Net interest margin (1)3.36 %3.71 %
__________________
(1)Average yields reported on a tax equivalent basis using a marginal federal corporate income tax rate of 21%.
(2)Average balances of investment securities are calculated on the amortized cost basis and include nonaccrual securities, if applicable.
(3)Includes unamortized costs and unamortized premiums.
(4)Includes loans held for sale as well as nonaccrual loans, unamortized costs and unamortized premiums and is net of the allowance for loan losses.



Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 33


Tax exempt interest income amounted to $597 thousand and $669 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively and $1.2 million and $1.3 million for the 2021 and 2020 six month comparison periods, respectively. The following table presents the effect of tax exempt income on the calculation of net interest income, using a marginal federal corporate income tax rate of 21% for the 2021 and 2020 three and six month comparison periods:
 For the Three Months
Ended June 30,
For the Six Months
Ended June 30,
 2021202020212020
 (Dollars in thousands)
Net interest income, as presented$8,919 $7,778 $17,318 $15,284 
Effect of tax-exempt interest  
Investment securities31 30 61 60 
Loans89 97 180 191 
Net interest income, tax equivalent$9,039 $7,905 $17,559 $15,535 

Rate/Volume Analysis. The following table describes the extent to which changes in average interest rates earned and paid (on a fully tax-equivalent basis) and changes in volume of average interest earning assets and interest bearing liabilities have affected the Company's interest income and interest expense during the periods indicated. For each category of interest earning assets and interest bearing liabilities, information is provided on changes attributable to:
changes in volume (change in volume multiplied by prior rate);
changes in rate (change in rate multiplied by prior volume); and
total change in rate and volume.
Changes attributable to both rate and volume have been allocated proportionately to the change due to volume and the change due to rate.
 Three Months Ended June 30, 2021
Compared to
Three Months Ended June 30, 2020
Increase/(Decrease) Due to Change In
Six Months Ended June 30, 2021
Compared to
Six Months Ended June 30, 2020
Increase/(Decrease) Due to Change In
 VolumeRateNetVolumeRateNet
 (Dollars in thousands)
Interest earning assets:   
Federal funds sold and overnight deposits$$— $$39 $(70)$(31)
Interest bearing deposits in banks20 (26)(6)47 (57)(10)
Investment securities306 (193)113 530 (406)124 
PPP loans, net140 380 520 960 415 1,375 
Loans (excluding PPP loans), net916 (765)151 1,603 (1,713)(110)
Nonmarketable equity securities(11)(11)(22)(22)(30)(52)
Total interest earning assets$1,374 $(615)$759 $3,157 $(1,861)$1,296 
Interest bearing liabilities:
Interest bearing checking accounts$51 $(98)$(47)$102 $(172)$(70)
Savings/money market accounts161 (212)(51)377 (495)(118)
Time deposits(78)(152)(230)(124)(278)(402)
Borrowed funds(144)90 (54)(310)162 (148)
Total interest bearing liabilities$(10)$(372)$(382)$45 $(783)$(738)
Net change in net interest income$1,384 $(243)$1,141 $3,112 $(1,078)$2,034 

Provision for Loan Losses. A provision for loan losses of $75 thousand and $225 thousand was recorded for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, compared to $500 thousand and $800 thousand for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively. The higher provision in 2020 resulted from management's adjustment to the economic qualitative factors utilized to estimate the allowance for loan losses due to the economic disruption related to the COVID-19 pandemic impacting Union's borrowers. The provision for loan losses for the first six months of 2021 was deemed appropriate by management based on the size and mix of the loan portfolio, the level of nonperforming loans, the results of the qualitative

Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 34


factor review and prevailing economic conditions. For further details, see FINANCIAL CONDITION- Allowance for Loan Losses and Asset Quality below.
Noninterest Income. The following table sets forth the components of noninterest income and changes between the three and six month comparison periods of 2021 and 2020:
 For The Three Months Ended June 30,For the Six Months Ended June 30,
 20212020$ Variance% Variance20212020$ Variance% Variance
 (Dollars in thousands)
Trust income$198 $178 $20 11.2 $383 $351 $32 9.1 
Service fees1,581 1,284 297 23.1 3,104 2,781 323 11.6 
Net gains on sales of loans held for sale1,151 1,227 (76)(6.2)2,045 2,039 0.3 
Income from Company-owned life insurance70 78 (8)(10.3)138 159 (21)(13.2)
Income (loss) from MSRs, net79 40 39 97.5 (46)79 (125)55.3 
Other income45 19 26 136.8 77 48 29 60.4 
Net gain on other investments15 162 (147)(90.7)59 38 21 55.3 
Net gains on sales of investment securities AFS— — — — — 11 (11)(100.0)
Total noninterest income$3,139 $2,988 $151 5.1 $5,760 $5,506 $254 4.6 
The significant changes in noninterest income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same periods of 2020 are described below:
Service fees. Service fees increased $297 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021, compared to the same period of 2020 due to increases of $42 thousand in overdraft fee income, $151 thousand in ATM network fees, and $70 thousand in other fee income. Service fees increased $323 thousand for the six months ended June 30, 2021 primarily due to increases of $246 thousand in ATM network fees, $49 thousand in loan servicing fee income, and $60 thousand in other fee income, partially offset by a reduction of $39 thousand in overdraft fee income.
Net gains on sales of loans held for sale. The Company mitigates long-term interest rate risk by selling qualifying residential loans to the secondary market. During the first quarter of 2021, the volume of loans sold was less than the volume in the first quarter of 2020 as management reduced loan sales to utilize some of Union's excess liquidity. Residential loans totaling $55.5 million and $85.2 million were sold during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, compared to sales of $55.4 million and $97.9 million during the same periods in 2020, respectively. The decrease of $76 thousand in net gains on sales of loans held for sale for the three months ended June 30, 2021 is reflective of the lower premium obtained during the quarter.
Income from Company-owned life insurance. The decrease in income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 was due to lower yields earned on the underlying life insurance policies.
Income (loss) from MSRs, net. Income from MSRs is derived from servicing rights acquired through the sale of loans where servicing is retained. Capitalized servicing rights are initially recorded at fair value and amortized in proportion to, and over the period of, the future estimate of servicing the underlying mortgages. The slight increase in the volume of sales of residential loans for the three months ended June 30, 2021, resulted in an increase in income of $39 thousand compared to the same period in 2020. Additionally, the amortization of MSRs exceeded new capitalized MSRs during the first quarter; this, coupled with a $12.6 million volume decrease in residential loan sales during the first quarter, resulted in an increase in expense of $125 thousand for the six months ended June 30, 2021, compared to the same period in 2020.
Other income. Other income increased during the comparison periods due to receipt of a $19 thousand prepayment penalty from the early payoff of a loan during the second quarter of 2021.
Net gain on other investments. Participants in the 2020 Amended and Restated Nonqualified Excess Plan (the "2020 Deferred Compensation Plan") elect to defer receipt of current compensation from the Company or its subsidiary and select designated reference investments consisting of investment funds. The performance of those funds, over which the Company has no control, resulted in net gains of $15 thousand and $59 thousand for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, compared to net gains of $162 thousand and $38 thousand for the same periods in 2020.

Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 35


Noninterest Expense. The following table sets forth the components of noninterest expense and changes between the three and six month comparison periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020:
 For The Three Months Ended June 30,For the Six Months Ended June 30,
 20212020$ Variance% Variance20212020$ Variance% Variance
 (Dollars in thousands)
Salaries and wages$3,553 $2,829 $724 25.6 $6,636 $5,950 $686 11.5 
Employee benefits1,203 1,231 (28)(2.3)2,372 2,213 159 7.2 
Occupancy expense, net527 477 50 10.5 1,004 991 13 1.3 
Equipment expense872 756 116 15.3 1,670 1,496 174 11.6 
Professional fees322 171 151 88.3 518 341 177 51.9 
FDIC insurance assessment200 96 104 108.3 356 207 149 72.0 
Other loan related expenses124 81 43 53.1 208 146 62 42.5 
Vermont franchise tax240 182 58 31.9 463 359 104 29.0 
Electronic banking expense97 84 13 71.0189 162 27 16.7 
Other expenses1,251 1,204 47 3.9 2,426 2,418 0.3 
Total noninterest expense$8,389 $7,111 $1,278 18.0 $15,842 $14,283 $1,559 10.9 

The significant changes in noninterest expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same periods in 2020 are described below:
Salaries and wages. The increases in salaries and wages of $724 thousand and $686 thousand for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, compared to the same periods in 2020 were primarily due to the deferral of loan origination costs in 2020 in addition to annual increases in employee's salaries and wages in 2021. Salaries and wages are reduced by deferred loan origination costs at the time of origination. Deferred loan origination costs reduced salaries and wages by $22 thousand and $207 thousand for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, compared to $436 thousand and $466 thousand for the same periods in 2020. The lower deferred loan origination costs for 2021 compared to 2020 is primarily attributable to PPP loan originations.
Employee benefits. Employee benefit expense decreased by $28 thousand and increased by $159 thousand for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, compared to the same periods in 2020 due to the quarterly adjustment in the value of the underlying assets supporting the 2020 Deferred Compensation Plan. In addition, the costs associated with the Company's medical and dental plans increased by $96 thousand and $125 thousand for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, and 401k contributions increased $24 thousand and $52 thousand for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, compared to the same periods in 2020.
Occupancy expense, net. The increase in occupancy expense, net, primarily relates to a $108 thousand loss recognized due to the disposition of a branch location. The closure and disposition was not the result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The recognized loss from the disposition was partially offset by the reduction in maintenance and related services needed due to the closure of branch lobbies during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Equipment expense. Equipment expenses increased between periods primarily due to increases of $101 thousand and $170 thousand in software license and maintenance costs for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, compared to the same periods in 2020.
Professional fees. During the the first six months of 2021, additional consultants were engaged to assist with employment searches and other advisory services that were not utilized in 2020, resulting in increases of $151 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2021, and $177 thousand for the six months ended June 30, 2021, compared to the same periods in 2020.
FDIC insurance assessment. The deposit insurance assessment base and assessment rate both increased for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the 2020 comparison periods, resulting in an increase in expense for both periods.
Other loan related expenses. Other loan related expenses consist of other costs incurred for originating and servicing loans such as insurance and property tax tracking expenses, credit report fees, and other real estate closing costs. These expenses for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 increased compared to the same period in 2020 due to the increase in loan volumes throughout the Company's market areas.

Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 36


Vermont franchise tax. The increase in expense between the three and six month comparison periods of 2020 and 2021 is due to the increase in average deposit balances for customer accounts allocated to Vermont.
Electronic banking expenses. Electronic banking expenses increased $13 thousand and $27 thousand for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, compared to the same periods in 2020 due to changes in services with ATM and debit card service providers and an increase in volume of activity.
Provision for Income Taxes. The Company has provided for current and deferred federal income taxes for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020. The Company's net provision for income taxes was $603 thousand and $1.1 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, compared to $487 thousand and $843 thousand for the same periods in 2020, respectively. The Company's effective federal corporate income tax rate was 16.0% and 15.6% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, compared to 14.9% and 14.4% for the same periods in 2020, respectively.
Amortization expense related to limited partnership investments is included as a component of tax expense and amounted to $239 thousand and $501 thousand for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, and $188 thousand and $376 thousand for the same periods in 2020, respectively. These investments provide tax benefits, including tax credits. Low income housing and rehabilitation tax credits with respect to limited partnership investments are also included as a component of income tax expense and amounted to $241 thousand and $482 thousand for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively, and $195 thousand and $390 thousand for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively.

FINANCIAL CONDITION
At June 30, 2021, the Company had total consolidated assets of $1.07 billion, including gross loans and loans held for sale (total loans) of $783.6 million, deposits of $967.7 million, borrowed funds of $7.2 million and stockholders' equity of $82.4 million. The Company’s total assets at June 30, 2021 decreased $27.4 million, or 2.5%, from $1.09 billion at December 31, 2020 attributable to the seasonal reduction in municipal loans discussed below, and increased $149.1 million, or 16.3%, compared to June 30, 2020.
June 30th marks the end of the fiscal year for the majority of municipal customers, including school districts, and several customers are required to reduce their outstanding short term debts to zero for one day during their fiscal year. The one day requirement traditionally occurs annually on June 30th and as a result the Company experiences a decrease in outstanding loan balances. In many cases monies are transferred from corresponding deposit accounts to pay off these debts so the Company experiences a corresponding decrease in deposit balances as well. These decreases are short term in nature as the loans and deposits for the next municipal fiscal year are recorded within the first few days of July. In July 2021, the Company recorded $50.7 million in new municipal loans.
Net loans and loans held for sale decreased $20.4 million, or 2.6%, to $774.5 million, representing 72.6% of total assets at June 30, 2021, compared to $794.9 million, or 72.7% of total assets at December 31, 2020. (See Loans Held for Sale and Loan Portfolio below.)
Total deposits decreased $26.6 million, or 2.7%, to $967.7 million at June 30, 2021, from $994.3 million at December 31, 2020 attributable to the seasonality of municipal deposits as discussed above. There was an increase in noninterest bearing deposits of $28.3 million, or 13.2%, which was more than offset by decreases in interest bearing deposits of $26.8 million, or 4.2%, and time deposits of $28.1 million, or 19.8%. (See average balances and rates in the Yields Earned and Rates Paid table on pages 32 and 33.)
Total borrowed funds were $7.2 million at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020. (See Borrowings on page 42.)
Total stockholders’ equity increased $1.5 million to $82.4 million at June 30, 2021 from $80.9 million at December 31, 2020. (See Capital Resources on page 44.)

Loans Held for Sale and Loan Portfolio. Total loans (including loans held for sale) decreased $19.7 million, or 2.5%, to $783.6 million, representing 73.5% of assets at June 30, 2021, from $803.4 million, representing 73.5% of assets at December 31, 2020. The total loan portfolio at June 30, 2021 increased $47.4 million compared to the June 30, 2020 level of $736.2 million, which represented 80.3% of assets. The Company’s loans consist primarily of adjustable-rate and fixed-rate mortgage loans secured by one-to-four family, multi-family residential or commercial real estate. Real estate secured loans represented $650.2 million, or 83.0% of total loans at June 30, 2021 and $593.4 million, or 73.9% of total loans at December 31, 2020. The Company had 637 and 679 PPP loans totaling $57.3 million and $66.2 million classified as commercial loans as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. Other than the decrease in the municipal portfolio reflecting the one day seasonal fluctuation from municipalities paying down their short term loans as of their June 30 fiscal year end, the composition of the Company's loan portfolio remained relatively unchanged from December 31, 2020 (see table below). There was no material change in the Company’s lending programs or terms during the six months ended June 30, 2021.


Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 37


The composition of the Company's loan portfolio, including loans held for sale, as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 was as follows:
 June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Loan ClassAmountPercentAmountPercent
 (Dollars in thousands)
Residential real estate$216,025 27.6 $183,166 22.8 
Construction real estate75,110 9.6 57,417 7.1 
Commercial real estate316,943 40.4 320,627 39.9 
Commercial98,220 12.5 108,861 13.6 
Consumer2,638 0.3 2,601 0.3 
Municipal32,538 4.2 98,497 12.3 
Loans held for sale42,149 5.4 32,188 4.0 
Total loans783,623 100.0 803,357 100.0 
Allowance for loan losses(8,505) (8,271) 
Unamortized net loan fees(578) (146) 
Net loans and loans held for sale$774,540  $794,940  
The Company originates and sells qualified residential mortgage loans in various secondary market avenues, with a majority of sales made to the FHLMC/Freddie Mac, generally with servicing rights retained. At June 30, 2021, the Company serviced an $849.1 million residential real estate mortgage portfolio, of which $42.1 million was held for sale and approximately $591.0 million of which was serviced for unaffiliated third parties.
During the first six months of 2021, the Company sold $85.2 million of qualified residential real estate loans to the secondary market to mitigate long-term interest rate risk and to generate fee income, compared to sales of $97.8 million during the first six months of 2020. Residential mortgage loan origination activity continued to be strong during the second quarter of 2021, consisting of both refinancing and purchase activity. Customers continue to refinance existing mortgages in order to obtain lower rates. Despite low housing inventory, purchase activity continues to be strong. The Company originates and sells FHA, VA, and RD residential mortgage loans, and also has an Unconditional Direct Endorsement Approval from HUD which allows the Company to approve FHA loans originated in any of its Vermont or New Hampshire markets without needing prior HUD underwriting approval. The Company sells FHA, VA and RD loans as originated with servicing released. Some of the government backed loans qualify for zero down payments without geographic or income restrictions. These loan products increase the Company's ability to serve the borrowing needs of residents in the communities served, including low and moderate income borrowers, while the loan sales and government guaranty mitigate the Company's exposure to credit risk.
The Company also originates commercial real estate and commercial loans under various SBA, USDA and State sponsored programs which provide a government agency guaranty for a portion of the loan amount. There was $61.1 million guaranteed under these various programs at June 30, 2021 on an aggregate balance of $62.4 million in subject loans. This includes $57.3 million of PPP loans that are guaranteed 100% by SBA, subject to borrower eligibility requirements. The Company occasionally sells the guaranteed portion of a loan to other financial institutions and retains servicing rights, which generates fee income. There were no commercial loans sold in the first six months of 2021 and $131 thousand in commercial loans were sold in the first six months of 2020. The Company recognizes gains and losses on the sale of the principal portion of these loans as they occur.
The Company serviced $21.0 million of commercial and commercial real estate loans for unaffiliated third parties as of June 30, 2021. This included $19.4 million of commercial or commercial real estate loans the Company originated and participated out to other financial institutions. These loans were participated in the ordinary course of business on a nonrecourse basis, for liquidity or credit concentration management purposes.
The Company capitalizes MSRs for all loans sold with servicing retained. The unamortized balance of MSRs on loans sold with servicing retained was $2.2 million at June 30, 2021, with an estimated market value in excess of the carrying value as of such date. Management periodically evaluates and measures the servicing assets for impairment.
Qualifying residential first mortgage loans and certain commercial real estate loans with a carrying value of $215.7 million were pledged as collateral for borrowings from the FHLB under a blanket lien at June 30, 2021.

Asset Quality. The Company, like all financial institutions, is exposed to certain credit risks, including those related to the value of the collateral that secures its loans and the ability of borrowers to repay their loans. Consistent application of the Company’s

Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 38


conservative loan policies has helped to mitigate this risk and has been prudent for both the Company and its customers. Management closely monitors the Company’s loan and investment portfolios, OREO and OAO for potential problems and reports to the Company’s and Union’s Board at regularly scheduled meetings. Board approved policies set forth portfolio diversification levels to mitigate concentration risk and the Company participates large credits out to other financial institutions to further mitigate that risk.
The region's economic environment is seeing signs of improvement as the states of Vermont and New Hampshire are now fully opened after the COVID-19 pandemic closure of large segments of the economy. There is demand for leisure travel and dining out which is supporting the region's tourist and restaurant industries; however, the industry is also facing some staffing challenges as workforce participation is lagging. Demand for homes has surged with the general safety and desirability of the region, low interest rates and the increased ability of working remotely. The Company’s management is focused on the impact COVID-19 is having on its borrowers and closely monitors industry and geographic concentrations, specifically the continuing impact on the region's tourist and restaurant industries. The Vermont unemployment rate was reported at 3.1% for June 2021 compared to 9.4% for June 2020 and the New Hampshire unemployment rate was 2.9% for June 2021 compared to 11.8% for June 2020. These rates compare favorably with the nationwide unemployment rate of 5.9% and 11.1%, respectively, for the comparable periods. Management will continue to monitor the national, regional and local economic environment in relation to COVID-19 and its impact on unemployment, business outlook and real estate values in the Company’s market area.
Repossessed assets, nonaccrual loans, and loans that are 90 days or more past due are considered to be nonperforming assets. The following table shows the composition of nonperforming assets at the dates indicated and trends in certain ratios monitored by the Company's management in reviewing asset quality:
June 30,
2021
December 31,
2020
June 30,
2020
 (Dollars in thousands)
Nonaccrual loans$5,752 $2,410 $2,357 
Accruing loans 90+ days delinquent176 511 861 
Total nonperforming loans (1)5,928 2,921 3,218 
OREO— 50 — 
Total nonperforming assets$5,928 $2,971 $3,218 
ALL to loans not held for sale1.15 %1.07 %0.99 %
ALL to nonperforming loans143.47 %283.16 %214.05 %
Nonperforming loans to total loans0.76 %0.36 %0.44 %
Nonperforming assets to total assets0.56 %0.27 %0.35 %
Delinquent loans (30 days to nonaccruing) to total loans0.83 %0.83 %0.77 %
Net charge-offs (annualized) to average loans not held for sale— %0.01 %0.01 %
____________________
(1)The Company had guarantees of U.S. or state government agencies on certain of the above nonperforming loans totaling $165 thousand at June 30, 2021, $177 thousand at December 31, 2020, and $181 thousand at June 30, 2020.

The level of nonaccrual loans increased $3.3 million, or 138.7%, since December 31, 2020 primarily due to a CRE hospitality relationship that was placed into non-accrual during the first quarter of 2021. Accruing loans delinquent 90 days or more decreased $335 thousand, or 65.6%, during the same time period. There was one residential real estate loan totaling $47 thousand in process of foreclosure at June 30, 2021. The state-mandated moratorium on foreclosures related to the COVID-19 emergency was lifted effective July 15, 2021. The aggregate interest income not recognized on nonaccrual loans approximated $414 thousand as of June 30, 2021 and $420 thousand as of December 31, 2020.
The Company had loans rated substandard that were on performing status totaling $1.2 million at June 30, 2021 compared to $2.2 million at December 31, 2020. In management's view, substandard loans represent a higher degree of risk of becoming nonperforming loans in the future.
In March 2020, the federal banking agencies issued guidance, confirmed by the FASB, that certain modifications made to loans to a borrower affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and government shutdown orders would not be considered TDRs under specified circumstances (See Notes 2 and 5). Through June 30, 2021, the Company had executed modifications under this guidance on outstanding loan balances of $159.1 million that carried accrued interest of $946 thousand. Of the total modifications executed, outstanding loan balances of $2.0 million remained subject to modified terms and carried accrued interest of $78 thousand as of June 30, 2021. The Company intends to continue to follow the guidance of the banking regulators in making TDR determinations.

Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 39


Allowance for Loan Losses. Some of the Company’s loan customers ultimately do not make all of their contractually scheduled payments, whether due to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic or otherwise, requiring the Company to charge off a portion or all of the remaining principal balance due. The Company maintains an ALL to absorb such losses. The ALL is maintained at a level believed by management to be appropriate to absorb probable credit losses inherent in the loan portfolio as of the evaluation date; however, actual loan losses may vary from current estimates. The Company's policy and methodologies for establishing the ALL, described in the Company's 2020 Annual Report did not change during the first six months of 2021. The Company's ALL was $8.5 million at June 30, 2021 and $8.3 million as of December 31, 2020.
Management adjusted certain economic qualitative factors utilized to estimate the ALL during the first and second quarters of 2020 at the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. Despite indications of an improving economy and having the majority of borrowers that had executed loan modifications due to COVID-19 no longer subject to modified terms, there were no changes to the reserve factors assigned to any of the loan portfolios based on the qualitative factor reviews performed during the first six months of 2021. Management will consider adjustment in upcoming quarters to allow more time for economic recovery and to monitor payments on loans that had been subject to modified terms.
Impaired loans, including $2.5 million of TDR loans, were $7.2 million at June 30, 2021, with government guaranties of $354 thousand and a specific reserve amount allocated of $58 thousand. Impaired loans, including $2.9 million of TDR loans, were $4.6 million at December 31, 2020, with government guaranties of $514 thousand and a specific reserve amount allocated of $58 thousand. Based on management's evaluation of the Company's historical loss experience on substandard commercial loans, commercial loan relationships with aggregate balances greater than $500 thousand are evaluated individually for impairment, with a specific reserve allocated when warranted. Commercial loans with balances under this threshold are collectively evaluated for impairment as a homogeneous pool of loans, unless such loans are subject to a restructuring agreement or have been identified as impaired as part of a larger customer relationship. There was no change to the specific reserve amount allocated to individually identified impaired loans as a result of the June 30, 2021 impairment evaluation.
The following table reflects activity in the ALL for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020:
 For the Three Months
Ended June 30,
For the Six Months
Ended June 30,
 2021202020212020
 (Dollars in thousands)
Balance at beginning of period$8,429 $6,391 $8,271 $6,122 
Charge-offs— (3)— (57)
Recoveries— 23 
Net recoveries (charge-offs)(3)(34)
Provision for loan losses75 500 225 800 
Balance at end of period$8,505 6,888 $8,505 $6,888 
The following table (net of loans held for sale) shows the internal breakdown by risk component of the Company's ALL and the percentage of loans in each category to total loans in the respective portfolios at the dates indicated:
 June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
 AmountPercentAmountPercent
 (Dollars in thousands)
Residential real estate$2,082 29.1 $1,776 23.8 
Construction real estate1,024 10.1 763 7.4 
Commercial real estate4,111 42.7 4,199 41.6 
Commercial425 13.3 458 14.1 
Consumer12 0.4 15 0.4 
Municipal81 4.4 214 12.8 
Unallocated770 — 846 — 
Total$8,505 100.0 $8,271 100.1 

Notwithstanding the categories shown in the table above or any specific allocation under the Company's ALL methodology, all funds in the ALL are available to absorb loan losses in the portfolio, regardless of loan category or specific allocation.

Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 40


Management believes, in its best estimate, that the ALL at June 30, 2021 is appropriate to cover probable credit losses inherent in the Company’s loan portfolio as of such date. However, there can be no assurance that the Company will not sustain losses in future periods which could be greater than the size of the ALL at June 30, 2021. In addition, our banking regulators, as an integral part of their examination process, periodically review our ALL. Such agencies may require us to recognize adjustments to the ALL based on their judgments about information available to them at the time of their examination. A large adjustment to the ALL for losses in future periods could require increased provisions to replenish the ALL, which could negatively affect earnings.
Investment Activities. During the first six months of 2021, investment securities classified as AFS increased $52.3 million to $158.1 million, comprising 14.8% of total assets, compared to $105.8 million, or 9.7% of total assets at December 31, 2020. The Company used excess liquidity to increase the investment portfolio during 2021 to obtain higher yields than what would have been earned at the current Federal Funds rate. Net unrealized gains for the Company’s AFS investment securities portfolio were $1.3 million as of June 30, 2021, compared to net unrealized gains of $3.3 million as of December 31, 2020. The Company’s accumulated OCI component of stockholders’ equity at June 30, 2021 reflected cumulative net unrealized gains on investment securities of $1.0 million. There were no securities classified as HTM at June 30, 2021 or December 31, 2020. No declines in value were deemed by management to be OTT at June 30, 2021. Deterioration in credit quality and/or imbalances in liquidity that may result from changes in financial market conditions might adversely affect the fair values of the Company’s investment portfolio and the amount of gains or losses ultimately realized on the sale of such securities, and may also increase the potential that unrealized losses will be designated as OTT in future periods, resulting in write-downs and charges to earnings. There were no investment securities pledged as of June 30, 2021 or December 31, 2020.
Deposits. The following table shows information concerning the Company's average deposits by account type and weighted average nominal rates at which interest was paid on such deposits for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020:
 Six Months Ended
June 30, 2021
Six Months Ended
June 30, 2020
 Average
Amount
Percent
of Total
Deposits
Average
Rate
Average
Amount
Percent
of Total
Deposits
Average
Rate
 (Dollars in thousands)
Nontime deposits:      
Noninterest bearing deposits$230,651 22.7 — $155,113 19.8 — 
Interest bearing checking accounts241,649 23.8 0.25 %180,975 23.2 0.42 %
Money market accounts261,514 25.7 0.77 %185,970 23.8 1.19 %
Savings accounts156,442 15.4 0.07 %113,225 14.5 0.14 %
Total nontime deposits890,256 87.6 0.31 %635,283 81.3 0.49 %
Time deposits:
Less than $100,00062,855 6.2 0.83 %75,080 9.6 1.23 %
$100,000 and over63,886 6.2 1.11 %71,254 9.1 1.56 %
Total time deposits126,741 12.4 0.97 %146,334 18.7 1.39 %
Total deposits$1,016,997 100.0 0.39 %$781,617 100.0 0.66 %
During the first six months of 2021, average total deposits grew $235.4 million, or 30.1%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020, with growth in all categories except time deposits. The increase in average balances was attributable to proceeds from PPP loans deposited into customer accounts at Union, customer's receipt of government stimulus payments, and the general reduction in spending by customers due to COVID-19.
The Company participates in CDARS, which permits the Company to offer full deposit insurance coverage to its customers by exchanging deposit balances with other CDARS participants. CDARS also provides the Company with an additional source of funding and liquidity through the purchase of deposits. There were no purchased CDARS deposits as of June 30, 2021 or December 31, 2020. There were $12.2 million of time deposits of $250,000 or less on the balance sheet at June 30, 2021 and $14.2 million at December 31, 2020, which were exchanged with other CDARS participants.
The Company also participates in the ICS program, a service through which it can offer its customers demand or savings products with access to unlimited FDIC insurance, while receiving reciprocal deposits from other FDIC-insured banks. Like the exchange of certificate of deposit accounts through CDARS, exchange of demand or savings deposits through ICS provides a depositor with full deposit insurance coverage of excess balances, thereby helping the Company retain the full amount of the deposit on its balance sheet. As with the CDARS program, in addition to reciprocal deposits, participating banks may also purchase one-way ICS deposits. There were $70.9 million and $146.2 million in exchanged ICS demand and money market

Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 41


deposits on the balance sheet at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. There were no purchased ICS deposits at June 30, 2021 or December 31, 2020.
At December 31, 2020, there were $15.0 million of retail brokered deposits issued under a master certificate of deposit program with a deposit broker for the purpose of providing a supplemental source of funding and liquidity. There were no retail brokered deposits at June 30, 2021.
The following table provides a maturity distribution of the Company’s time deposits in amounts of $100,000 and over at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020:
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
 (Dollars in thousands)
Within 3 months$18,096 $22,722 
3 to 6 months11,020 15,828 
6 to 12 months22,835 22,629 
Over 12 months7,804 9,194 
 $59,755 $70,373 
The Company's time deposits in amounts of $100 thousand and over decreased $10.6 million, or 15.1%, between December 31, 2020 and June 30, 2021, resulting primarily from the maturity, without renewal, of customer time deposits originated in prior periods when promotions were offered.
A provision of the Dodd-Frank Act permanently raised FDIC deposit insurance coverage to $250 thousand per depositor per insured depository institution for each account ownership category. At June 30, 2021, the Company had deposit accounts with less than the maximum FDIC insured deposit amount of $250 thousand totaling $644.2 million, or 66.6% of total deposits. An additional $25.2 million of municipal deposits were over the FDIC insurance coverage limit at June 30, 2021 and were collateralized under applicable state regulations by letters of credit issued by the FHLB.
Borrowings. The Company's borrowed funds at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 were comprised of borrowings from the FHLB of $7.2 million at a weighted average rate of 3.07%.
The Company has the authority, up to its available borrowing capacity with the FHLB, to collateralize public unit deposits with letters of credit issued by the FHLB. FHLB letters of credit in the amount of $28.6 million and $23.6 million were utilized as collateral for these deposits at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. Total fees paid by the Company in connection with the issuance of these letters of credit were $7 thousand and $16 thousand for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 respectively, and $8 thousand and $16 thousand for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively.

Commitments, Contingent Liabilities, and Off-Balance-Sheet Arrangements. The Company is a party to financial instruments with off-balance-sheet risk in the normal course of business to meet the financing needs of its customers, to reduce its own exposure to fluctuations in interest rates and to implement its strategic objectives. These financial instruments include commitments to extend credit, standby letters of credit, interest rate caps and floors written on adjustable-rate loans, commitments to participate in or sell loans, commitments to buy or sell securities, certificates of deposit or other investment instruments and risk-sharing commitments or guarantees on certain sold loans. Such instruments involve, to varying degrees, elements of credit and interest rate risk in excess of the amount recognized on the balance sheet. The contractual or notional amounts of these instruments reflect the extent of involvement the Company has in a particular class of financial instruments.
The Company's maximum exposure to credit loss in the event of nonperformance by the other party to the financial instrument for commitments to extend credit and standby letters of credit is represented by the contractual or notional amount of those instruments. The Company uses the same credit policies in making commitments and conditional obligations as it does for on-balance-sheet instruments. For interest rate caps and floors written on adjustable-rate loans, the contractual or notional amounts do not represent the Company’s exposure to credit loss. The Company controls the risk of interest rate cap agreements through credit approvals, limits, and monitoring procedures. The Company generally requires collateral or other security to support financial instruments with credit risk.


Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 42


The following table details the contractual or notional amount of financial instruments that represented credit risk at the balance sheet dates:
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
 (Dollars in thousands)
Commitments to originate loans$136,227 $61,431 
Unused lines of credit144,100 132,502 
Standby and commercial letters of credit2,425 3,115 
Credit card arrangements286 308 
FHLB Mortgage Partnership Finance credit enhancement obligation, net782 728 
Commitment to purchase investment in a real estate limited partnership1,422 2,000 
Total$285,242 $200,084 
Commitments to originate loans are agreements to lend to a customer as long as there is no violation of any condition established in the contract. Loan commitments generally have a fixed expiration date or other termination clause and may require payment of a fee. Since many of the loan commitments are expected to expire without being drawn upon and not all credit lines will be utilized, the total commitment amounts do not necessarily represent future cash requirements. Lines of credit incur seasonal volume fluctuations due to the nature of some customers' businesses, such as tourism and maple syrup products production. The large increase in commitments to originate loans at June 30, 2021 from December 31, 2020 is primarily the result of the annual fiscal cycle of local municipalities and school districts, with $50.7 million committed to them on June 30, 2021 for their fiscal year beginning July 1, 2021. In addition, commitments to originate commercial construction loans increased $20.7 million over December 31, 2020.
The Company did not hold any derivative or hedging instruments at June 30, 2021 or December 31, 2020.
In addition to commitments arising from the Company’s financial instruments, in the normal course of business the Company enters into contractual commitments from time to time for the purchase or lease of property, including real property for its banking premises.

Liquidity. Liquidity is a measurement of the Company’s ability to meet potential cash requirements, including ongoing commitments to fund deposit withdrawals, repay borrowings, fund investment and lending activities, purchase and lease commitments, and for other general business purposes. The primary objective of liquidity management is to maintain a balance between sources and uses of funds to meet our cash flow needs in the most economical and expedient manner. The Company’s principal sources of funds are deposits; whole-sale funding options including purchased deposits, amortization, prepayment and maturity of loans, investment securities, interest bearing deposits and other short-term investments; sales of securities and loans AFS; earnings; and funds provided from operations. Contractual principal repayments on loans have been a relatively predictable source of funds; however, payment deferrals approved for borrowers as a result of COVID-19 will delay receipt of contractual payments. Deposit flows and loan and investment prepayments are less predictable and can be significantly influenced by market interest rates, economic conditions, and rates offered by our competitors. Managing liquidity risk is essential to maintaining both depositor confidence and earnings stability.
As of June 30, 2021, Union, as a member of FHLB, had access to unused lines of credit up to $100.2 million over and above the $36.8 million in combined FHLB borrowings and other credit subject to collateralization, subject to the purchase of required FHLB Class B common stock and evaluation by the FHLB of the underlying collateral available. This line of credit can be used for either short-term or long-term liquidity or other funding needs.
Union also maintains an IDEAL Way Line of Credit with the FHLB. The total line available was $551 thousand at June 30, 2021. There were no borrowings against this line of credit as of such date. Interest on this line is chargeable at a rate determined by the FHLB and payable monthly. Should Union utilize this line of credit, qualified portions of the loan and investment portfolios would collateralize these borrowings.
In addition to its borrowing arrangements with the FHLB, Union maintains a pre-approved federal funds line of credit totaling $15.0 million with an upstream correspondent bank, a master brokered deposit agreement with a brokerage firm, and one-way buy options with CDARS and ICS. In addition to the funding sources available to Union, the Company maintains a $5.0 million revolving line of credit with a correspondent bank. At June 30, 2021, there were no purchased ICS or CDARS deposits, no retail brokered deposits, and no outstanding advances on the Union or Company correspondent lines.
Union's investment and residential loan portfolios also provide a significant amount of contingent liquidity that could be accessed in a reasonable time period through sales of those portfolios. Additional contingent liquidity sources are available with further access to the brokered deposit market. These sources are considered as liquidity alternatives in our contingent liquidity plan. Management believes the Company has sufficient liquidity to meet all reasonable borrower, depositor, and creditor needs

Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 43


in the present economic environment. However, any projections of future cash needs and flows are subject to substantial uncertainty, including factors outside the Company's control.

Capital Resources. Capital management is designed to maintain an optimum level of capital in a cost-effective structure that meets target regulatory ratios, supports management’s internal assessment of economic capital, funds the Company’s business strategies and builds long-term stockholder value. Dividends are generally in line with long-term trends in earnings per share and conservative earnings projections, while sufficient profits are retained to support anticipated business growth, fund strategic investments, maintain required regulatory capital levels and provide continued support for deposits. The Company continues to evaluate growth opportunities both through internal growth or potential acquisitions.
Stockholders’ equity increased from $80.9 million at December 31, 2020 to $82.4 million at June 30, 2021, reflecting net income of $5.9 million for the first six months of 2021, an increase of $183 thousand from stock based compensation, a $24 thousand increase due to the issuance of 1,000 shares of common stock from the exercise of incentive stock options and a $21 thousand increase due to the issuance of common stock under the DRIP. These increases were partially offset by a decrease of $1.6 million in accumulated other comprehensive income due to a decrease in the fair market value of the Company's AFS securities, cash dividends declared of $3.0 million and stock repurchases of $2 thousand during the six months ended June 30, 2021. The components of other comprehensive income are illustrated in Note 10 of the unaudited consolidated financial statements.
The Company has 7,500,000 shares of $2.00 par value common stock authorized. As of June 30, 2021, the Company had 4,957,884 shares issued, of which 4,483,873 were outstanding and 474,011 were held in treasury.
In January 2021, the Company's Board reauthorized for 2021 the limited stock repurchase plan that was initially established in May of 2010. The limited stock repurchase plan allows the repurchase of up to a fixed number of shares of the Company's common stock each calendar quarter in open market purchases or privately negotiated transactions, as management deems advisable and as market conditions may warrant. The repurchase authorization for a calendar quarter (currently 2,500 shares) expires at the end of that quarter to the extent it has not been exercised, and is not carried forward into future quarters. The quarterly repurchase authorization expires on December 31, 2021, unless reauthorized. The Company repurchased 97 shares under this program during the first six months of 2021 at a total cost of $2 thousand.
The Company maintains a DRIP whereby registered stockholders may elect to reinvest cash dividends and optional cash contributions to purchase additional shares of the Company's common stock. The Company has reserved 200,000 shares of its common stock for issuance and sale under the DRIP. As of June 30, 2021, 4,857 shares of stock had been issued from treasury stock under the DRIP.
The Company (on a consolidated basis) and Union are subject to various regulatory capital requirements administered by the federal banking agencies. Failure to meet minimum capital requirements can initiate certain mandatory, and possibly additional discretionary, actions by regulators that, if undertaken, could have a direct material effect on the Company's and Union's financial statements. Under capital adequacy guidelines and the regulatory framework for prompt corrective action, the Company and Union must meet specific capital guidelines that involve quantitative measures of assets, liabilities and certain off-balance-sheet items as calculated under regulatory accounting practices. The Company's and Union's capital amounts and classification are also subject to qualitative judgments by the regulators about components, risk weightings and other factors.
Under the current guidelines, banking organizations must have a minimum total risk-based capital ratio of 8.0%, a minimum Tier I risk-based capital ratio of 6.0%, a minimum common equity Tier I risk-based capital ratio of 4.5%, and a minimum leverage ratio of 4.0% in order to be "adequately capitalized." In addition to these requirements, banking organizations must maintain a 2.5% capital conservation buffer consisting of common Tier I equity, increasing the minimum required total risk-based capital, Tier I risk-based and common equity Tier I capital to risk-weighted assets they must maintain to avoid limits on capital distributions and certain bonus payments to executive officers and similar employees.
The Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief and Consumer Protection Act of 2018 directed the federal banking regulators to adopt rules providing for a simplified regulatory capital framework for qualifying community banking organizations. In September 2019, the banking regulators finalized a rule that introduced the community bank leverage ratio (CBLR) framework as an optional simplified measure of capital adequacy for qualifying institutions. Beginning with the March 31, 2020 regulatory capital calculation, a banking organization with a Tier I leverage ratio greater than 9.0%, less than $10 billion in average consolidated assets, and limited amounts of off-balance sheet exposures and trading assets and liabilities may opt into the CBLR framework and will be deemed "well capitalized" and will not be required to report or calculate risk-based capital. A community banking organization that does not meet the requirements for use of the simplified CBLR framework will continue to calculate its regulatory capital ratios under existing guidelines. A provision of the CARES Act temporarily lowers the minimum Tier 1 leverage ratio to 8.0% for a banking organization to elect to use the CBLR framework, with a phased increase back to 9.0% by the end of 2021. As of June 30, 2021, the Tier I leverage ratios for the Company and Union were 7.03% and 6.98%, respectively.

Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 44


As shown in the table below, as of June 30, 2021, both the Company and Union met all capital adequacy requirements to which they are currently subject and Union exceeded the requirements for a "well capitalized" bank under the FDIC's Prompt Corrective Action framework. There were no conditions or events between June 30, 2021 and the date of this report that management believes have changed either Company’s regulatory capital category.
 ActualFor Capital Adequacy PurposesTo Be Well Capitalized Under Prompt Corrective Action Provisions
As of June 30, 2021AmountRatioAmountRatioAmountRatio
 (Dollars in thousands)
Company:
Total capital to risk weighted assets$87,243 13.47 %$51,815 8.00 %N/AN/A
Tier I capital to risk weighted assets79,140 12.22 %38,858 6.00 %N/AN/A
Common Equity Tier 1 to risk weighted assets79,140 12.22 %29,143 4.50 %N/AN/A
Tier I capital to average assets79,140 7.03 %45,030 4.00 %N/AN/A
Union:
Total capital to risk weighted assets$86,550 13.39 %$51,710 8.00 %$64,638 10.00 %
Tier I capital to risk weighted assets78,464 12.14 %38,780 6.00 %51,706 8.00 %
Common Equity Tier 1 to risk weighted assets78,464 12.14 %29,085 4.50 %42,011 6.50 %
Tier I capital to average assets78,464 6.98 %44,965 4.00 %56,206 5.00 %
Dividends paid by Union are the primary source of funds available to the Company for payment of dividends to its stockholders. Union is subject to certain requirements imposed by federal banking laws and regulations, which among other things, establish minimum levels of capital and restrict the amount of dividends that may be distributed by Union to the Company.
Cash dividends of $0.33 per share were paid during the first quarter of 2021 and have been declared for the second quarter, payable on August 5, 2021 to stockholders of record on July 31, 2021.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
Omitted, in accordance with the regulatory relief available to smaller reporting companies in SEC Release Nos. 33-10513 (effective September 10, 2018).

Item 4. Controls and Procedures.
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures. The Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, with the assistance of the Disclosure Control Committee, evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of June 30, 2021. Based on this evaluation they concluded that those disclosure controls and procedures are effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files with the Commission is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officer, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required information.
Changes in Internal Controls over Financial Reporting. There was no change in the Company's internal control over financial reporting, as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) of the Exchange Act, during the most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's internal control over financial reporting.


Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 45


PART II  OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings.
In the normal course of business, the Company is involved in various legal and other proceedings. In the opinion of management, any liability resulting from such proceedings is not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial condition or results of operations.

Item 1A. Risk Factors
There have been no material changes in the risk factors discussed in Part I-Item 1A, "Risk Factors" in the Company’s 2020 since the date of the filing of that report.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
The Company did not issue any unregistered shares during the quarter ended June 30, 2021.
There was no repurchase of the Company's equity securities during the quarter ended June 30, 2021.
Item 6. Exhibits.
31.1Certification of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
31.2Certification of the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
32.1Certification of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.*
32.2Certification of the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.*
101The following materials from the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2021 formatted in Inline eXtensible Business Reporting Language (iXBRL): (i) the unaudited consolidated balance sheets, (ii) the unaudited consolidated statements of income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, (iii) the unaudited consolidated statements of comprehensive income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, (iv) the unaudited consolidated statements of changes in stockholders' equity, (iv) the unaudited consolidated statements of cash flows and (v) related notes.
104Cover page interactive data file (embedded within exhibit 101).
____________________
*    This exhibit shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, or otherwise subject to the liability of that section, and shall not be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 46


                    
SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
Union Bankshares, Inc.
August 16, 2021/s/ David S. Silverman
 David S. Silverman
 Director, President and Chief Executive Officer
 
  
August 16, 2021/s/ Karyn J. Hale
 Karyn J. Hale
 Chief Financial Officer
 (Principal Financial Officer)

EXHIBIT INDEX
Certification of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
  
Certification of the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
  
Certification of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.*
  
Certification of the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.*
101
The following materials from the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2021 formatted in Inline eXtensible Business Reporting Language (iXBRL): (i) the unaudited consolidated balance sheets, (ii) the unaudited consolidated statements of income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, (iii) the unaudited consolidated statements of comprehensive income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, (iv) the unaudited consolidated statements of changes in stockholders' equity, (iv) the unaudited consolidated statements of cash flows and (v) related notes.
104Cover page interactive data file (embedded within exhibit 101).
____________________
*    This exhibit shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, or otherwise subject to the liability of that section, and shall not be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

Union Bankshares, Inc. Page 47