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NYT New York Times

Filed: 5 Nov 20, 3:00pm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 27, 2020
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ___ to ___
Commission file number 1-5837
THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
New York 13-1102020
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
620 Eighth Avenue, New York, New York 10018
(Address and zip code of principal executive offices)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code 212-556-1234
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A Common StockNYTNew York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x      No   o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes   x     No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filerNon-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting companyEmerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by the check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes       No  x
Number of shares of each class of the registrant’s common stock outstanding as of October 30, 2020 (exclusive of treasury shares):  
Class A Common Stock166,435,299 shares
Class B Common Stock781,724 shares




THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY
INDEX
  
PART IFinancial Information
Item1Financial Statements
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 27, 2020 (unaudited) and December 29, 2019
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (unaudited) for the quarters and nine months ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (unaudited) for the quarters and nine months ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes In Stockholders’ Equity (unaudited) for the quarters and nine months ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited) for the nine months ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Item2Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item3Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
Item4Controls and Procedures
PART IIOther Information
Item1Legal Proceedings
Item1ARisk Factors
Item2Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item6Exhibits






PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
September 27, 2020December 29, 2019
(Unaudited)
Assets
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$215,763 $230,431 
Short-term marketable securities308,734 201,785 
Accounts receivable (net of allowances of $14,153 in 2020 and $14,358 in 2019)125,337 213,402 
Prepaid expenses32,087 29,089 
Other current assets39,063 42,124 
Total current assets720,984 716,831 
Other assets
Long-term marketable securities275,649 251,696 
Property, plant and equipment (less accumulated depreciation and amortization of $916,109 in 2020 and $950,881 in 2019)604,283 627,121 
Goodwill168,700 138,674 
Deferred income taxes109,197 115,229 
Miscellaneous assets260,728 239,587 
Total assets$2,139,541 $2,089,138 
 See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
1


THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS-(Continued)
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
September 27, 2020December 29, 2019
(Unaudited)
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity
Current liabilities
Accounts payable$97,749 $116,571 
Accrued payroll and other related liabilities94,101 108,865 
Unexpired subscriptions revenue100,149 88,419 
Accrued expenses and other133,929 123,840 
Total current liabilities425,928 437,695 
Other liabilities
Pension benefits obligation286,355 313,655 
Postretirement benefits obligation34,455 37,688 
Other135,549 126,237 
Total other liabilities456,359 477,580 
Stockholders’ equity
Common stock of $.10 par value:
Class A – authorized: 300,000,000 shares; issued: 2020 – 175,215,600; 2019 – 174,242,668 (including treasury shares: 2020 – 8,870,801; 2019 – 8,870,801)17,521 17,424 
Class B – convertible – authorized and issued shares: 2020 – 781,724; 2019 – 803,40478 80 
Additional paid-in capital212,291 208,028 
Retained earnings1,672,633 1,612,658 
Common stock held in treasury, at cost(171,211)(171,211)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of income taxes:
Foreign currency translation adjustments5,710 3,438 
Funded status of benefit plans(485,087)(498,986)
Net unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities3,459 572 
Total accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of income taxes(475,918)(494,976)
Total New York Times Company stockholders’ equity1,255,394 1,172,003 
Noncontrolling interest1,860 1,860 
Total stockholders’ equity1,257,254 1,173,863 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$2,139,541 $2,089,138 
 See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

2


THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
(In thousands, except per share data)
 For the Quarters EndedFor the Nine Months Ended
September 27, 2020September 29, 2019September 27, 2020September 29, 2019
(13 weeks)(39 weeks)
Revenues
Subscription$300,950 $267,302 $879,573 $808,568 
Advertising79,253 113,531 253,150 359,380 
Other46,692 47,668 141,558 135,873 
Total revenues426,895 428,501 1,274,281 1,303,821 
Operating costs
Cost of revenue (excluding depreciation and amortization)235,900 245,100 709,719 729,654 
Sales and marketing50,627 64,218 164,040 201,327 
Product development34,102 26,669 95,641 75,658 
General and administrative51,118 50,015 162,791 152,054 
Depreciation and amortization15,552 15,450 46,368 45,548 
Total operating costs387,299 401,452 1,178,559 1,204,241 
Restructuring charge4,008 4,008 
Gain from pension liability adjustment(2,045)(2,045)
Operating profit39,596 25,086 95,722 97,617 
Other components of net periodic benefit costs2,272 1,834 6,735 5,502 
Interest income/(expense) and other, net3,537 (755)20,177 (3,572)
Income from continuing operations before income taxes40,861 22,497 109,164 88,543 
Income tax expense7,283 6,070 19,070 16,789 
Net income33,578 16,427 90,094 71,754 
Net income attributable to The New York Times Company common stockholders$33,578 $16,427 $90,094 $71,754 
Average number of common shares outstanding:
Basic167,075 166,148 166,842 165,976 
Diluted168,059 167,555 167,943 167,384 
Basic earnings per share attributable to The New York Times Company common stockholders$0.20 $0.10 $0.54 $0.43 
Diluted earnings per share attributable to The New York Times Company common stockholders$0.20 $0.10 $0.54 $0.43 
Dividends declared per share$0.12 $0.05 $0.18 $0.15 
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.



3


THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)
 For the Quarters EndedFor the Nine Months Ended
September 27, 2020September 29, 2019September 27, 2020September 29, 2019
(13 weeks)(39 weeks)
Net income$33,578 $16,427 $90,094 $71,754 
Other comprehensive income, before tax:
Income/(loss) on foreign currency translation adjustments2,730 (3,159)3,095 (3,286)
Pension and postretirement benefits obligation6,354 4,893 18,982 14,685 
Net unrealized (loss)/gain on available-for-sale securities(854)284 3,936 3,773 
Other comprehensive income, before tax8,230 2,018 26,013 15,172 
Income tax expense2,192 489 6,955 3,903 
Other comprehensive income, net of tax6,038 1,529 19,058 11,269 
Comprehensive income attributable to The New York Times Company common stockholders$39,616 $17,956 $109,152 $83,023 
 See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
4


THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
For the Quarters Ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019
(Unaudited)
(In thousands, except share data)

Capital Stock -
Class A
and
Class B Common
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Common
Stock
Held in
Treasury,
at Cost
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss, Net of
Income
Taxes
Total
New York
Times
Company
Stockholders’
Equity
Non-
controlling
Interest
Total
Stock-
holders’
Equity
Balance, June 30, 2019$17,488 $200,356 $1,544,694 $(171,211)$(507,984)$1,083,343 $1,860 $1,085,203 
Net income— — 16,427 — — 16,427 — 16,427 
Dividends— — (8,333)— — (8,333)— (8,333)
Other comprehensive income— — — — 1,529 1,529 — 1,529 
Issuance of shares:
Stock options – 3,000 Class A shares— 33 — — — 33 — 33 
Restricted stock units vested – 25,512 Class A shares(3)— — — — — — 
Stock-based compensation— 2,907 — — — 2,907 — 2,907 
Balance, September 29, 2019$17,491 $203,293 $1,552,788 $(171,211)$(506,455)$1,095,906 $1,860 $1,097,766 
Balance, June 28, 2020$17,562 $205,618 $1,659,158 $(171,211)$(481,956)$1,229,171 $1,860 $1,231,031 
Net income— — 33,578 — — 33,578 — 33,578 
Dividends— — (20,103)— — (20,103)— (20,103)
Other comprehensive income— — — — 6,038 6,038 — 6,038 
Issuance of shares:
Stock options – 372,508 Class A shares37 3,397 — — — 3,434 — 3,434 
Restricted stock units vested – 635 Class A shares— (16)— — — (16)— (16)
Stock-based compensation— 3,292 — — — 3,292 — 3,292 
Balance, September 27, 2020$17,599 $212,291 $1,672,633 $(171,211)$(475,918)$1,255,394 $1,860 $1,257,254 









5


THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
For the Nine Months Ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019
(Unaudited)
(In thousands, except share data)
Capital Stock -
Class A
and
Class B Common
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Common
Stock
Held in
Treasury,
at Cost
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss, Net of
Income
Taxes
Total
New York
Times
Company
Stockholders’
Equity
Non-
controlling
Interest
Total
Stock-
holders’
Equity
Balance, December 30, 2018$17,396 $206,316 $1,506,004 $(171,211)$(517,724)$1,040,781 $1,860 $1,042,641 
Net income— — 71,754 — — 71,754 — 71,754 
Dividends— — (24,970)— — (24,970)— (24,970)
Other comprehensive income— — — — 11,269 11,269 — 11,269 
Issuance of shares:
Stock options – 282,510 Class A shares28 2,970 — — — 2,998 — 2,998 
Restricted stock units vested – 246,599 Class A shares25 (3,750)— — — (3,725)— (3,725)
Performance-based awards – 418,491 Class A shares42 (11,966)— — — (11,924)— (11,924)
Stock-based compensation— 9,723 — — — 9,723 — 9,723 
Balance, September 29, 2019$17,491 $203,293 $1,552,788 $(171,211)$(506,455)$1,095,906 $1,860 $1,097,766 
Balance, December 29, 2019$17,504 $208,028 $1,612,658 $(171,211)$(494,976)$1,172,003 $1,860 $1,173,863 
Net income— — 90,094 — — 90,094 — 90,094 
Dividends— — (30,119)— — (30,119)— (30,119)
Other comprehensive income— — — — 19,058 19,058 — 19,058 
Issuance of shares:
Stock options – 552,018 Class A shares55 5,252 — — — 5,307 — 5,307 
Restricted stock units vested – 142,136 Class A shares14 (3,913)— — — (3,899)— (3,899)
Performance-based awards – 257,098 Class A shares26 (7,850)— — — (7,824)— (7,824)
Stock-based compensation— 10,774 — — — 10,774 — 10,774 
Balance, September 27, 2020$17,599 $212,291 $1,672,633 $(171,211)$(475,918)$1,255,394 $1,860 $1,257,254 











6


THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)
For the Nine Months Ended
September 27, 2020September 29, 2019
(39 weeks)
Cash flows from operating activities
Net income$90,094 $71,754 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization46,368 45,548 
Amortization of right of use asset6,446 5,462 
Stock-based compensation expense10,744 9,723 
Deferred income taxes(1,209)
Gain on non-marketable equity investment(10,074)(1,886)
Long-term retirement benefit obligations(11,635)(17,648)
Fair market value adjustment on life insurance products(638)(2,215)
Other-net(3,658)(6,926)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable-net88,065 55,383 
Other assets3,816 (17,401)
Accounts payable, accrued payroll and other liabilities(23,366)(22,898)
Unexpired subscriptions11,730 2,704 
Net cash provided by operating activities206,683 121,600 
Cash flows from investing activities
Purchases of marketable securities(460,117)(466,108)
Maturities of marketable securities331,786 458,810 
Business acquisitions(33,085)
Proceeds from sale of investments – net1,000 103 
Capital expenditures(29,236)(33,101)
Other-net2,388 3,038 
Net cash used in investing activities(187,264)(37,258)
Cash flows from financing activities
Long-term obligations:
Repayment of debt and finance lease obligations(7,220)
Dividends paid(28,393)(23,269)
Payment of contingent consideration(862)
Capital shares:
Proceeds from stock option exercises5,307 2,998 
Share-based compensation tax withholding(11,723)(15,648)
Net cash used in financing activities(35,671)(43,139)
Net (decrease)/increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(16,252)41,203 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash349 (202)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at the beginning of the period247,518 259,799 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at the end of the period$231,615 $300,800 

 See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


7

THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION
In the opinion of management of The New York Times Company (the “Company”), the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements present fairly the financial position of the Company as of September 27, 2020 and December 29, 2019, and the results of operations, changes in stockholders’ equity and cash flows of the Company for the periods ended September 27, 2020, and September 29, 2019. The Company and its consolidated subsidiaries are referred to collectively as “we,” “us” or “our.” All adjustments necessary for a fair presentation have been included and are of a normal and recurring nature. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. The financial statements were prepared in accordance with the requirements of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for interim reporting. As permitted under those rules, certain notes or other financial information that are normally required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted from these interim financial statements. These financial statements, therefore, should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and related Notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 29, 2019. Due to the seasonal nature of our business, operating results for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of a full year’s operations. The fiscal periods included herein comprise 13 weeks and 39 weeks for the third quarter and nine months, respectively.
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. Actual results could differ from these estimates.
Reclassification
The Company changed the expense captions on its Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations effective for the quarter ended March 29, 2020. These changes were made in order to reflect how the Company manages its business and to communicate where the Company is investing resources and how this aligns with the Company’s strategy. The Company reclassified expenses for the prior period in order to present comparable financial results. There was no change to consolidated operating income, operating expense, net income or cash flows as a result of this change in classification. See Note 15 for more detail.
NOTE 2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Except as described herein, as of September 27, 2020, our significant accounting policies, which are detailed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 29, 2019, have not changed materially.
8

THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
Accounting Standard Update(s)TopicEffective PeriodSummary
2018-15Intangibles—Goodwill and Other—Internal-Use SoftwareFiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted.
Clarifies the accounting for implementation costs in cloud computing arrangements. The standard provides that implementation costs be evaluated for capitalization using the same criteria as that used for internal-use software development costs, with amortization expense being recorded in the same income statement expense line as the hosted service costs and over the expected term of the hosting arrangement. The Company adopted this ASU prospectively on December 30, 2019 and will include capitalized implementation costs in Miscellaneous assets in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet and within Total operating costs in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations. The adoption did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
2018-13Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820) Disclosure FrameworkFiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted.Modifies the disclosure requirements on fair value measurements. The amendments of disclosures related to changes in unrealized gains and losses, the range and weighted average of significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements, and the narrative description of measurement uncertainty should be applied prospectively for only the most recent interim or annual period presented in the initial fiscal year of adoption. All other amendments should be applied retrospectively to all periods presented upon their effective date. The Company adopted this ASU on December 30, 2019. The adoption did not have a material impact on the Company’s disclosures.
2016-13
2018-19
2019-04
Financial Instruments—Credit LossesFiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years.Amends guidance on reporting credit losses for assets, including trade receivables, available-for-sale marketable securities and any other financial assets not excluded from the scope that have the contractual right to receive cash. For trade receivables, ASU 2016-13 eliminates the probable initial recognition threshold in current generally accepted accounting standards, and, instead, requires an entity to reflect its current estimate of all expected credit losses. For available-for-sale marketable securities, credit losses should be measured in a manner similar to current generally accepted accounting standards; however, ASU 2016-13 will require that credit losses be presented as an allowance rather than as a write-down. The Company adopted this ASU on December 30, 2019 using a modified retrospective approach. The adoption did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
The Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued authoritative guidance on the following topics:
Accounting Standard Update(s)TopicEffective PeriodSummary
2019-12Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes (Topic 740)Fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2021. Early adoption is permitted.
Simplifies the accounting for income taxes by eliminating certain exceptions to the guidance in Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 740 related to the approach for intraperiod tax allocation, the methodology for calculating income taxes in an interim period and the recognition of deferred tax liabilities for outside basis differences. The standard also simplifies aspects of the accounting for franchise taxes and enacted changes in tax laws or rates and clarifies the accounting for transactions that result in a step-up in the tax basis of goodwill. We do not expect this guidance to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
2018-14Compensation—Retirement Benefits—Defined Benefit Plans—GeneralFiscal years ending after December 15, 2020. Early adoption is permitted.Modifies the disclosure requirements for employers that sponsor defined benefit pension or other postretirement benefit plans. The guidance removes disclosures, clarifies the specific requirements of disclosures and adds disclosure requirements identified as relevant. We do not expect this guidance to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
9

THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
The Company considers the applicability and impact of all recently issued accounting pronouncements. Recent accounting pronouncements not specifically identified in our disclosures are either not applicable to the Company or are not expected to have a material effect on our financial condition or results of operations.
NOTE 3. REVENUE
We generate revenues principally from subscriptions and advertising. Subscription revenues consist of revenues from subscriptions to our digital and print products (which include our news product, as well as our Games (previously Crossword), Cooking and audio products) and single-copy and bulk sales of our print products. Subscription revenues are based on both the number of copies of the printed newspaper sold and digital-only subscriptions, and the rates charged to the respective customers.
Advertising revenue is principally from advertisers promoting products, services or brands on digital platforms in the form of banners and video, and in print, in the form of column-inch ads. Advertising revenue is primarily derived from offerings sold directly to marketers by our advertising sales teams. A smaller proportion of our total advertising revenues is generated through programmatic auctions run by third-party ad exchanges and from creative services fees, including those associated with our branded content studio. Digital advertising revenues also include creative services fees and advertising revenue generated by Wirecutter, our product review and recommendation website. Print advertising includes revenue from column-inch ads and classified advertising, including line-ads as well as preprinted advertising, also known as freestanding inserts.
Other revenues primarily consist of revenues from licensing, affiliate referrals from Wirecutter, the leasing of floors in the New York headquarters building located at 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, New York (the “Company Headquarters”), commercial printing, television and film, retail commerce and NYT Live (our live events business).
Subscription, advertising and other revenues were as follows:
For the Quarters EndedFor the Nine Months Ended
(In thousands)September 27, 2020As % of totalSeptember 29, 2019As % of totalSeptember 27, 2020As % of totalSeptember 29, 2019As % of total
Subscription$300,950 70.5 %$267,302 62.4 %$879,573 69.0 %$808,568 62.0 %
Advertising79,253 18.6 %113,531 26.5 %253,150 19.9 %359,380 27.6 %
Other (1)
46,692 10.9 %47,668 11.1 %141,558 11.1 %135,873 10.4 %
Total$426,895 100.0 %$428,501 100.0 %$1,274,281 100.0 %$1,303,821 100.0 %
(1) Other revenue includes building rental revenue, which is not under the scope of Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). Building rental revenue was approximately $7 million and $8 million for the third quarters of 2020 and 2019, respectively, and approximately $22 million and $23 million for the first nine months of 2020 and 2019, respectively.

10

THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
The following table summarizes digital and print subscription revenues, which are components of subscription revenues above, for the third quarters and first nine months ended September 27, 2020, and September 29, 2019:
For the Quarters EndedFor the Nine Months Ended
(In thousands)September 27, 2020September 29, 2019September 27, 2020September 29, 2019
Digital-only subscription revenues:
News product subscription revenues(1)
$140,740 $107,009 $392,620 $313,785 
Other product subscription revenues(2)
14,546 8,855 38,660 24,573 
 Subtotal digital-only subscriptions155,286 115,864 431,280 338,358 
Print subscription revenues:
Domestic home delivery subscription revenues(3)
129,912 126,769 396,620 395,011 
Single-copy, NYT International and other subscription revenues(4)
15,752 24,669 51,673 75,199 
   Subtotal print subscription revenues145,664 151,438 448,293 470,210 
Total subscription revenues$300,950 $267,302 $879,573 $808,568 
(1) Includes revenues from subscriptions to the Company’s news product. News product subscription packages that include access to the Company’s Games and Cooking products are also included in this category.
(2) Includes revenues from standalone subscriptions to the Company’s Games, Cooking and audio products.
(3) Includes free access to some or all of the Company’s digital products.
(4) NYT International is the international edition of our print newspaper.
The following table summarizes digital and print advertising revenues for the third quarters and first nine months of 2020 and 2019:
For the Quarters EndedFor the Nine Months Ended
(In thousands)September 27, 2020September 29, 2019September 27, 2020September 29, 2019
Advertising revenues:
Digital$47,763 $54,653 $138,452 $168,222 
Print31,490 58,878 114,698 191,158 
Total advertising$79,253 $113,531 $253,150 $359,380 
Performance Obligations
We have remaining performance obligations related to digital archive and other licensing and certain advertising contracts. As of September 27, 2020, the aggregate amount of transaction price allocated to the remaining performance obligations for contracts with a duration greater than one year was approximately $153 million. The Company will recognize this revenue as performance obligations are satisfied. We expect that approximately $16 million, $60 million and $77 million will be recognized in the remainder of 2020, 2021 and thereafter, respectively.
Contract Assets
As of September 27, 2020, and December 29, 2019, the Company had $2.2 million and $3.4 million, respectively, in contract assets recorded in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets related to digital archiving licensing revenue. The contract asset is reclassified to Accounts receivable when the customer is invoiced based on the contractual billing schedule. The decrease in the contract assets balance of $1.2 million for the nine months ended September 27, 2020, is due to consideration that was reclassified to Accounts receivable when invoiced based on the contractual billing schedules for the period ended September 27, 2020.
NOTE 4. MARKETABLE SECURITIES
The Company accounts for its marketable securities as available for sale (“AFS”). The Company recorded $4.7 million and $0.8 million of net unrealized gains in Accumulated other comprehensive income (“AOCI”) as of September 27, 2020, and December 29, 2019, respectively.
11

THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
The following tables present the amortized cost, gross unrealized gains and losses, and fair market value of our AFS debt securities as of September 27, 2020, and December 29, 2019:
September 27, 2020
(In thousands)Amortized CostGross unrealized gainsGross unrealized lossesFair Value
Short-term AFS securities
Corporate debt securities$119,042 $561 $(17)$119,586 
U.S. Treasury securities97,712 94 (4)97,802 
U.S. governmental agency securities47,759 68 (4)47,823 
Commercial paper43,523 43,523 
Total short-term AFS securities$308,036 $723 $(25)$308,734 
Long-term AFS securities
Corporate debt securities$118,690 $1,713 $(22)$120,381 
U.S. Treasury securities88,059 2,343 90,402 
U.S. governmental agency securities64,881 89 (104)64,866 
Total long-term AFS securities$271,630 $4,145 $(126)$275,649 
December 29, 2019
(In thousands)Amortized CostGross unrealized gainsGross unrealized lossesFair Value
Short-term AFS securities
Corporate debt securities$98,864 $271 $(9)$99,126 
U.S. Treasury securities43,098 (11)43,095 
U.S. governmental agency securities37,471 35 (4)37,502 
Commercial paper12,561 12,561 
Certificates of deposit9,501 9,501 
Total short-term AFS securities$201,495 $314 $(24)$201,785 
Long-term AFS securities
Corporate debt securities$103,149 $617 $(29)$103,737 
U.S. Treasury securities101,457 84 (103)101,438 
U.S. governmental agency securities46,600 (84)46,521 
Total long-term AFS securities$251,206 $706 $(216)$251,696 
12

THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
The following tables represent the AFS securities as of September 27, 2020, and December 29, 2019, that were in an unrealized loss position for which an allowance for credit losses has not been recorded, aggregated by investment category and the length of time that individual securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position:
September 27, 2020
Less than 12 Months12 Months or GreaterTotal
(In thousands)Fair ValueGross unrealized lossesFair ValueGross unrealized lossesFair ValueGross unrealized losses
Short-term AFS securities
Corporate debt securities$22,174 $(17)$$$22,174 $(17)
U.S. Treasury securities43,982 (4)43,982 (4)
U.S. governmental agency securities4,999 (2)8,748 (2)13,747 (4)
Total short-term AFS securities$71,155 $(23)$8,748 $(2)$79,903 $(25)
Long-term AFS securities
Corporate debt securities$10,466 $(22)$$$10,466 $(22)
U.S. governmental agency securities22,146 (104)22,146 (104)
Total long-term AFS securities$32,612 $(126)$$$32,612 $(126)
    
December 29, 2019
Less than 12 Months12 Months or GreaterTotal
(In thousands)Fair ValueGross unrealized lossesFair ValueGross unrealized lossesFair ValueGross unrealized losses
Short-term AFS securities
Corporate debt securities$20,975 $(6)$8,251 $(3)$29,226 $(9)
U.S. Treasury securities13,296 (3)11,147 (8)24,443 (11)
U.S. governmental agency securities15,000 (4)15,000 (4)
Total short-term AFS securities$34,271 $(9)$34,398 $(15)$68,669 $(24)
Long-term AFS securities
Corporate debt securities$35,891 $(25)$4,502 $(4)$40,393 $(29)
U.S. Treasury securities60,935 (103)60,935 (103)
U.S. governmental agency securities34,167 (84)34,167 (84)
Total long-term AFS securities$130,993 $(212)$4,502 $(4)$135,495 $(216)
We assess AFS securities on a quarterly basis or more often if a potential loss-triggering event occurs. For AFS securities in an unrealized loss position, we first assess whether we intend to sell, or if it is more likely than not that we will be required to sell the security before recovery of its amortized cost basis. If either of the criteria regarding intent or requirement to sell is met, the security’s amortized cost basis is written down to fair value through income. For AFS securities that do not meet the aforementioned criteria, we evaluate whether the decline in fair value has resulted from credit losses or other factors. In making this assessment, we consider the extent to which fair value is less than amortized cost, creditworthiness of the security, and adverse conditions specifically related to the security. If this assessment indicates that a credit loss exists, the present value of cash flows expected to be collected from the security is compared to the amortized cost basis of the security. If the present value of cash flows expected to be collected is less than the amortized cost basis, a credit loss exists and an allowance for credit losses
13

THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
is recorded, limited by the amount that the fair value is less than the amortized cost basis. Any impairment that has not been recorded through an allowance for credit losses is recognized in other comprehensive income.
As of September 27, 2020, we did not intend to sell and it was not likely that we would be required to sell these investments before recovery of their amortized cost basis, which may be at maturity. As of September 27, 2020, we have recognized 0 losses or allowance for credit losses related to AFS securities.
As of September 27, 2020, our short-term and long-term marketable securities had remaining maturities of less than 1 month to 12 months and 13 months to 36 months, respectively. See Note 8 for more information regarding the fair value of our marketable securities.
NOTE 5. GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLES
    During the first quarter of 2020, the Company acquired Listen In Audio, Inc., a company that transforms journalism articles into audio that is made available in a subscription-based product named “Audm,” in an all-cash transaction. We paid $8.6 million (comprised of $8.0 million cash payment and $0.6 million note receivable previously issued by the Company, which was canceled at the close of the transaction) and entered into agreements that will likely require retention payments over the three years following the acquisition. The Company allocated the purchase price for this acquisition based on the valuation of assets acquired and liabilities assumed, resulting in allocations primarily to goodwill of $5.8 million and intangibles of $2.7 million in the second quarter of 2020. The carrying amount of the intangible asset related to this acquisition has been included in Miscellaneous assets in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The estimated useful life for this asset is 8 years and it is amortized on a straight-line basis.
During the third quarter of 2020, the Company acquired substantially all the assets and certain liabilities of Serial Productions, LLC (“Serial”). The purchase price includes approximately $25.0 million in cash that was paid at closing on July 29, 2020, and $9.3 million of contingent consideration. The contingent consideration is related to contingent payments based on the achievement of certain operational targets, as defined in the acquisition agreement, over the five years following the acquisition. The Company estimated the fair value of the contingent consideration liability using a probability-weighted discounted cash flow model. The fair value is based on significant unobservable inputs and therefore represents a Level 3 measurement as defined in Note 8.
The Company allocated the purchase price for this acquisition based on the valuation of assets acquired and liabilities assumed, resulting in allocations primarily to goodwill of $21.5 million and intangibles of $12.9 million as of the date of acquisition. The carrying amount of the intangible assets related to this acquisition has been included in Miscellaneous assets in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and include an indefinite-lived intangible of $9.0 million. The estimated useful life for the finite asset is 6 years and it is amortized on a straight-line basis.
The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill as of September 27, 2020, and since December 29, 2019, were as follows:
(In thousands)Total Company
Balance as of December 29, 2019$138,674 
Business acquisitions27,269 
Foreign currency translation2,757 
Balance as of September 27, 2020$168,700 
The foreign currency translation line item reflects changes in goodwill resulting from fluctuating exchange rates related to the consolidation of certain international subsidiaries.
The aggregate carrying amount of intangible assets of $17.0 million is included in Miscellaneous assets in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 27, 2020.
NOTE 6. INVESTMENTS
Non-Marketable Equity Securities
Our non-marketable equity securities are investments in privately held companies/funds without readily determinable market values. Gains and losses on non-marketable securities sold or impaired are recognized in Interest income/(expense) and other, net.
As of September 27, 2020, and December 29, 2019, non-marketable equity securities included in Miscellaneous assets in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets had a carrying value of $21.8 million and $13.4 million, respectively. During the first quarter of 2020, we recorded a $10.1 million gain related to a non-marketable equity investment transaction. The gain is comprised of $2.5 million realized gain due to the partial sale of the investment and a $7.6 million unrealized gain due to the
14

THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
mark to market of the remaining investment, and is included in Interest income/(expense) and other, net in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
NOTE 7. OTHER
Capitalized Computer Software Costs
Amortization of capitalized computer software costs included in Depreciation and amortization in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations were $3.9 million and $4.4 million in the third quarters of 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $11.6 million and $13.1 million in the first nine months of 2020 and 2019, respectively,
Interest income/(expense) and other, net
Interest income/(expense) and other, net, as shown in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations was as follows:
For the Quarters EndedFor the Nine Months Ended
(In thousands)September 27, 2020September 29, 2019September 27, 2020September 29, 2019
Interest income and other expense, net (1)
$3,720 $5,078 $20,724 $17,093 
Interest expense(188)(7,118)(569)(21,314)
Amortization of debt costs and discount on debt1,278 590 
Capitalized interest22 59 
Total interest income/(expense) and other, net$3,537 $(755)$20,177 $(3,572)
(1) The nine months ended September 27, 2020, include a $10.1 million gain related to a non-marketable equity investment transaction. The nine months ended September 29, 2019, include a fair value adjustment of $1.9 million related to the sale of a non-marketable equity security.
Restricted Cash
A reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash as of September 27, 2020, and December 29, 2019, from the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets to the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows is as follows:
(In thousands)September 27, 2020December 29, 2019
Reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
Cash and cash equivalents$215,763 $230,431 
Restricted cash included within other current assets550 528 
Restricted cash included within miscellaneous assets15,302 16,559 
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash shown in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows$231,615 $247,518 
Substantially all of the amount included in restricted cash is set aside to collateralize workers’ compensation obligations.
Revolving Credit Facility
In September 2019, the Company entered into a $250.0 million five-year unsecured revolving credit facility (the “Credit Facility”). Certain of the Company’s domestic subsidiaries have guaranteed the Company’s obligations under the Credit Facility. Borrowings under the Credit Facility bear interest at specified rates based on our utilization and consolidated leverage ratio. The Credit Facility contains various customary affirmative and negative covenants. In addition, the Company is obligated to pay a quarterly unused commitment fee of 0.20%.
As of September 27, 2020, there were no outstanding borrowings under the Credit Facility and the Company was in compliance with the financial covenants contained in the documents governing the Credit Facility.
Severance Costs
We recognized 0 severance costs in the third quarter of 2020 and $0.3 million in severance costs in the third quarter of 2019, and $6.7 million and $2.4 million in the first nine months of 2020 and 2019, respectively. Severance costs recognized in 2020 were largely related to workforce reductions primarily affecting our advertising department. These costs are recorded in General and administrative costs in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
15

THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
We had a severance liability of $10.2 million and $8.4 million included in Accrued expenses and other in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 27, 2020, and December 29, 2019, respectively. We anticipate most of the payments will be made within the next twelve months.
NOTE 8. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
Fair value is the price that would be received upon the sale of an asset or paid upon transfer of a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The transaction would be in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability, based on assumptions that a market participant would use in pricing the asset or liability. The fair value hierarchy consists of three levels:
Level 1–quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the reporting entity has the ability to access at the measurement date;
Level 2–inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly; and
Level 3–unobservable inputs for the asset or liability.
Assets/Liabilities Measured and Recorded at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
The following table summarizes our financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of September 27, 2020, and December 29, 2019:
(In thousands)September 27, 2020December 29, 2019
TotalLevel 1Level 2Level 3TotalLevel 1Level 2Level 3
Assets:
Short-term AFS securities (1)
Corporate debt securities$119,586 $$119,586 $$99,126 $$99,126 $
U.S. Treasury securities97,802 97,802 43,095 43,095 
U.S. governmental agency securities47,823 47,823 37,502 37,502 
Commercial paper43,523 43,523 12,561 12,561 
Certificates of deposit9,501 9,501 
Total short-term AFS securities$308,734 $$308,734 $$201,785 $$201,785 $
Long-term AFS securities (1)
Corporate debt securities$120,381 $$120,381 $$103,737 $$103,737 $
U.S. Treasury securities90,402 90,402 101,438 101,438 
U.S. governmental agency securities64,866 64,866 46,521 46,521 
Total long-term AFS securities$275,649 $$275,649 $$251,696 $$251,696 $
Liabilities:
Deferred compensation (2)(3)
$19,797 $19,797 $$$23,702 $23,702 $$
Contingent consideration(4)
$8,431 $$$8,431 $$$$
(1) We classified these investments as Level 2 since the fair value is based on market observable inputs for investments with similar terms and maturities.
(2) The deferred compensation liability, included in Other liabilities—other in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, consists of deferrals under The New York Times Company Deferred Executive Compensation Plan (the “DEC”), which previously enabled certain eligible executives to elect to defer a portion of their compensation on a pre-tax basis. The deferred amounts are invested at the executives’ option in various mutual funds. The fair value of deferred compensation is based on the mutual fund investments elected by the executives and on quoted prices in active markets for identical assets. Participation in the DEC was frozen effective December 31, 2015.
(3) The Company invests the assets associated with the deferred compensation liability in life insurance products. Our investments in life insurance products are included in Miscellaneous assets in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, and were $46.8 million as of September 27, 2020, and $46.0 million as of December 29, 2019. The fair value of these assets is measured using the net asset value per share (or its equivalent) and has not been classified in the fair value hierarchy.
16

THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
(4) The contingent consideration represents contingent payments in connection with the Serial acquisition. The Company estimated the fair value of the contingent consideration liability using a probability-weighted discounted cash flow model. The estimate of the fair value of contingent consideration requires subjective assumptions to be made regarding probabilities assigned to operational targets and the discount rate. During the three months ended September 27, 2020, the Company made payments of $0.9 million related to the contingent consideration. The remaining balance of $8.4 million is included in Accrued expenses and other, for the current portion of the liability, and Other non-current liabilities, for the long-term portion of the liability, in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. See Note 5 for more information.
NOTE 9. PENSION AND OTHER POSTRETIREMENT BENEFITS
Pension
Single-Employer Plans
    We maintain The New York Times Companies Pension Plan (the “Pension Plan”), a frozen single-employer defined benefit pension plan. The Company also jointly sponsors a defined benefit plan with The NewsGuild of New York known as the Guild-Times Adjustable Pension Plan (the “APP”) that continues to accrue active benefits.
    We also have a foreign-based pension plan for certain employees (the “foreign plan”). The information for the foreign plan is combined with the information for U.S. non-qualified plans. The benefit obligation of the foreign plan is immaterial to our total benefit obligation.
    The components of net periodic pension cost/(income) were as follows:
For the Quarters Ended
 September 27, 2020September 29, 2019
(In thousands)Qualified
Plans
Non-
Qualified
Plans
All
Plans
Qualified
Plans
Non-
Qualified
Plans
All
Plans
Service cost$2,608 $$2,608 $1,278 $$1,278 
Interest cost11,742 1,648 13,390 14,708 2,089 16,797 
Expected return on plan assets(17,741)(17,741)(20,258)(20,258)
Amortization of actuarial loss5,655 1,521 7,176 4,635 1,094 5,729 
Amortization of prior service credit(486)(486)(487)(487)
Net periodic pension cost/(income) (1)
$1,778 $3,169 $4,947 $(124)$3,183 $3,059 
For the Nine Months Ended
 September 27, 2020September 29, 2019
(In thousands)Qualified
Plans
Non-
Qualified
Plans
All
Plans
Qualified
Plans
Non-
Qualified
Plans
All
Plans
Service cost$7,822 $$7,822 $3,835 $$3,835 
Interest cost35,226 4,945 40,171 44,125 6,265 50,390 
Expected return on plan assets(53,222)(53,222)(60,775)(60,775)
Amortization of actuarial loss16,966 4,564 21,530 13,905 3,282 17,187 
Amortization of prior service credit(1,459)(1,459)(1,459)(1,459)
Net periodic pension cost/(income) (1)
$5,333 $9,509 $14,842 $(369)$9,547 $9,178 
(1) The service cost component of net periodic pension cost is recognized in Total operating costs, while the other components are included in Other components of net periodic benefit costs in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations, below Operating profit.
During the first nine months of 2020 and 2019, we made pension contributions of $6.9 million and $6.3 million, respectively, to the APP. We expect contributions in 2020 to total approximately $9 million to satisfy funding requirements.
As part of our continued effort to reduce the size and volatility of our pension plan obligations, and the administrative costs related thereto, in October 2020 we entered into an agreement with an insurance company to transfer approximately $235 million in pension obligations under the Pension Plan. See Note 16 for more information.
17

THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Multiemployer Plans
During the third quarter of 2019 we recorded a gain of $2.0 million from a multiemployer pension liability adjustment, which was recorded in Gain from pension liability adjustment in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Other Postretirement Benefits
The components of net periodic postretirement benefit (income)/cost were as follows:
For the Quarters EndedFor the Nine Months Ended
(In thousands)September 27, 2020September 29, 2019September 27, 2020September 29, 2019
Service cost$$$21 $20 
Interest cost257 402 770 1,202 
Amortization of actuarial loss763 843 2,289 2,531 
Amortization of prior service credit(1,099)(1,192)(3,378)(3,574)
Net periodic postretirement benefit (income)/cost (1)
$(72)$59 $(298)$179 
(1) The service cost component of net periodic postretirement benefit cost is recognized in Total operating costs, while the other components are included in Other components of net periodic benefit costs in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations, below Operating profit.
NOTE 10. INCOME TAXES
The Company had income tax expense of $7.3 million and $19.1 million in the third quarter and first nine months of 2020, respectively. The Company had income tax expense of $6.1 million and $16.8 million in the third quarter and first nine months of 2019, respectively. The Company’s effective tax rates from continuing operations were 17.8% and 17.5% for the third quarter and first nine months of 2020, respectively. The Company’s effective tax rates from continuing operations were 27.0% and 19.0% for the third quarter and first nine months of 2019, respectively. The Company received a tax benefit in the first and third quarters of 2020 and in the first quarter of 2019 from stock price appreciation on stock-based awards that settled in the quarters, resulting in lower than statutory tax rates in the third quarter of 2020 and in the first nine months of 2020 and 2019.
On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the "CARES Act") was signed into law. We do not expect the tax provisions in the CARES Act to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
NOTE 11. EARNINGS PER SHARE
We compute earnings per share using a two-class method, which is an earnings allocation method used when a company’s capital structure includes either two or more classes of common stock or common stock and participating securities. This method determines earnings per share based on dividends declared on common stock and participating securities (i.e., distributed earnings), as well as participation rights of participating securities in any undistributed earnings.
Earnings per share is computed using both basic shares and diluted shares. The difference between basic and diluted shares is that diluted shares include the dilutive effect of the assumed exercise of outstanding securities. Our stock options, stock-settled long-term performance awards and restricted stock units could have a significant impact on diluted shares. The difference between basic and diluted shares of approximately 1.0 million and 1.1 million in the third quarter and first nine months of 2020, respectively and 1.4 million in the third quarter and first nine months of 2019, resulted primarily from the dilutive effect of certain stock options, performance awards and restricted stock units.
Securities that could potentially be dilutive are excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share when a loss from continuing operations exists or when the exercise price exceeds the market value of our Class A Common Stock, because their inclusion would result in an anti-dilutive effect on per share amounts.
There were 0 anti-dilutive stock options, stock-settled long-term performance awards or restricted stock units excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share in the third quarters and first nine months of 2020 and 2019, respectively.
NOTE 12. SUPPLEMENTAL STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY INFORMATION
In 2015, the Board of Directors authorized up to $101.1 million of repurchases of shares of the Company’s Class A Common Stock. As of September 27, 2020, repurchases under this authorization totaled $84.9 million (excluding commissions)
18

THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
and $16.2 million remained under this authorization. The Company did not repurchase any shares during the first nine months of 2020. All purchases were made pursuant to our publicly announced share repurchase program. Our Board of Directors has authorized us to purchase shares under this authorization from time to time, subject to market conditions and other factors. There is no expiration date with respect to this authorization.
The following table summarizes the changes in AOCI by component as of September 27, 2020:
(In thousands)Foreign Currency Translation AdjustmentsFunded Status of Benefit PlansNet Unrealized Gain on Available-For-Sale SecuritiesTotal Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
Balance as of December 29, 2019$3,438 $(498,986)$572 $(494,976)
Other comprehensive income before reclassifications, before tax3,095 3,936 7,031 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss, before tax18,982 18,982 
Income tax expense823 5,083 1,049 6,955 
Net current-period other comprehensive income, net of tax2,272 13,899 2,887 19,058 
Balance as of September 27, 2020$5,710 $(485,087)$3,459 $(475,918)
The following table summarizes the reclassifications from AOCI for the nine months ended September 27, 2020:
(In thousands)

Detail about accumulated other comprehensive loss components
 Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive lossAffects line item in the statement where net income is presented
Funded status of benefit plans:
Amortization of prior service credit(1)
$(4,837)Other components of net periodic benefit costs
Amortization of actuarial loss(1)
23,819 Other components of net periodic benefit costs
Total reclassification, before tax(2)
18,982 
Income tax expense5,083 Income tax expense
Total reclassification, net of tax$13,899 
(1) These AOCI components are included in the computation of net periodic benefit cost for pension and other postretirement benefits. See Note 9 for more information.
(2) There were no reclassifications relating to noncontrolling interest for the nine months ended September 27, 2020.
NOTE 13. SEGMENT INFORMATION
The Company identifies a business as an operating segment if: (i) it engages in business activities from which it may earn revenues and incur expenses; (ii) its operating results are regularly reviewed by the Chief Operating Decision Maker (who is the Company’s President and Chief Executive Officer) to make decisions about resources to be allocated to the segment and assess its performance; and (iii) it has available discrete financial information. The Company has determined that it has 1 reportable segment. Therefore, all required segment information can be found in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
NOTE 14. CONTINGENT LIABILITIES
Legal Proceedings
We are involved in various legal actions incidental to our business that are now pending against us. These actions are generally for amounts greatly in excess of the payments, if any, that may be required to be made. Although the Company cannot predict the outcome of these matters, it is possible that an unfavorable outcome in one or more matters could be material to the Company’s consolidated results of operations or cash flows for an individual reporting period. However, based on currently available information, management does not believe that the ultimate resolution of these matters, individually or in the aggregate, is likely to have a material effect on the Company’s financial position.
19

THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 15. RECLASSIFICATION
    The Company changed the expense captions on its Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations effective for the quarter ended March 29, 2020. These changes were made in order to reflect how the Company manages its business and to communicate where the Company is investing resources and how this aligns with the Company’s strategy. The Company reclassified expenses for the prior period in order to present comparable financial results. There was no change to consolidated operating income, operating expense, net income or cash flows as a result of this change in classification. A summary of changes is as follows:
“Production costs” has become “Cost of revenue”:
Cost of revenue contains all costs related to content creation, subscriber and advertiser servicing, and print production and distribution costs as well as infrastructure costs related to delivering digital content, which include all cloud and cloud related costs as well as compensation for employees that enhance and maintain our platforms. This represents a change from previously disclosed production costs, which did not include distribution or subscriber servicing costs. In addition, certain product development costs previously included in production costs have been reclassified to product development.
“Selling, general and administrative” has been split into three lines:
Sales and marketing represents all costs related to the Company’s marketing efforts as well as advertising sales costs.
Product development represents the Company’s investment into developing and enhancing new and existing product technology including engineering, product development, and data insights.
General and administrative includes general management, corporate enterprise technology, building operations, unallocated overhead costs, severance and multiemployer pension plan withdrawal costs.
In addition, incentive compensation, which was previously wholly included in selling, general and administrative, was reclassified to align with the classification of the related wages across each of the expense captions.



20

THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
A reconciliation of the expenses as previously disclosed to the recast presentation for the quarter and nine months ended September 29, 2019, is as follows:


As Reported for the Quarter Ended September 29, 2019ReclassificationRecast for the Quarter
Ended
September 29, 2019
Operating costs
Production costs:
Wages and benefits$106,377 $(106,377)(1)(2)$
Raw materials18,531 (18,531)(1)
Other production costs53,868 (53,868)(1)(2)
Total production costs178,776 (178,776)(1)(2)
Cost of revenue (excluding depreciation and amortization)245,100 (1)(3)(4)245,100 
Selling, general and administrative costs207,226 (207,226)(3)(4)(5)
Sales and marketing64,218 (4)(5)64,218 
Product development26,669 (2)(4)(5)26,669 
General and administrative50,015 (4)(5)50,015 
Depreciation and amortization15,450 15,450 
Total operating costs$401,452 $$401,452 




As Reported for the Nine Months Ended September 29, 2019ReclassificationRecast for the Nine Months Ended
September 29, 2019
Operating costs
Production costs:
Wages and benefits$313,244 $(313,244)(1)(2)$
Raw materials57,527 (57,527)(1)
Other production costs149,102 (149,102)(1)(2)
Total production costs519,873 (519,873)(1)(2)
Cost of revenue (excluding depreciation and amortization)729,654 (1)(3)(4)729,654 
Selling, general and administrative costs638,820 (638,820)(3)(4)(5)
Sales and marketing201,327 (4)(5)201,327 
Product development75,658 (2)(4)(5)75,658 
General and administrative152,054 (4)(5)152,054 
Depreciation and amortization45,548 45,548 
Total operating costs$1,204,241 $$1,204,241 
(1) In the first quarter of 2020, the Company discontinued the use of the production cost caption. These costs, with the exception of product engineering and product design costs, which were reclassified to product development, were reclassified to cost of revenue.
(2) Costs related to developing and enhancing new and existing product technology previously included in production costs were reclassified to product development.
(3) Distribution and fulfillment costs and subscriber and advertising servicing related costs previously included in selling, general and administrative were reclassified to cost of revenue.
(4) Incentive Compensation previously included in selling, general and administrative was reclassified to align with the related salaries in each caption.
(5) In the first quarter of 2020, the Company discontinued the use of the selling, general and administrative cost caption. These costs, with the exception of those related to distribution and fulfillment, subscriber and advertising servicing and incentive compensation related to cost of revenue, were reclassified to the new captions: sales and marketing, product development and general and administrative.
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THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 16. SUBSEQUENT EVENT
    On October 9, 2020, the Company entered into an agreement with Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company (“MassMutual”) under which approximately $235 million in pension obligations under The New York Times Companies Pension Plan will be transferred to MassMutual.
Under the agreement, the Company will purchase from MassMutual a group annuity contract for approximately 1,850 retirees (and beneficiaries) that will provide for an irrevocable commitment by MassMutual to make annuity payments to the affected retirees. As a result, the payment obligation and administration thereof for the affected retirees will be transferred from the Pension Plan to MassMutual. The transfer will not change the amount of the monthly pension benefits received by the affected retirees.
This arrangement is part of the Company’s continued effort to reduce the overall size and volatility of our pension plan obligations, and the administrative costs related thereto. The purchase of the group annuity contract will be funded through existing Pension Plan assets. As a result of the transaction, the Company expects to recognize a non-cash pension settlement charge of approximately $80-85 million before tax in the fourth quarter of 2020. This charge represents the acceleration of deferred charges currently accrued in AOCI.


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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
EXECUTIVE OVERVIEW
We are a global media organization that includes our newspaper, digital and print products and related businesses. We have one reportable segment.
We generate revenues principally from subscriptions and advertising. Other revenues primarily consist of revenues from licensing, affiliate referrals from Wirecutter, the leasing of floors in our New York headquarters building located at 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, New York (the “Company Headquarters”), commercial printing, television and film, retail commerce and NYT Live (our live events business).
Our main operating costs are employee-related costs.
In the accompanying analysis of financial information, we present certain information derived from consolidated financial information but not presented in our financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”). We are presenting in this report supplemental non-GAAP financial performance measures that exclude depreciation, amortization, severance, non-operating retirement costs or multiemployer pension plan withdrawal costs, and certain identified special items, as applicable. These non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered in isolation from or as a substitute for the related GAAP measures, and should be read in conjunction with financial information presented on a GAAP basis. For further information and reconciliations of these non-GAAP measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures, see “Non-Operating Items—Non-GAAP Financial Measurements.”
The Company changed the expense captions on its Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations effective for the quarter ended March 29, 2020. These changes were made in order to reflect how the Company manages its business and to communicate where the Company is investing resources and how this aligns with the Company’s strategy. The Company reclassified expenses for the prior period in order to present comparable financial results. There was no change to consolidated operating income, operating expense, net income or cash flows as a result of this change in classification. See Note 15 of the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more detail.
Financial Highlights
Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations were $0.20 and $0.10 for the third quarters of 2020 and 2019, respectively. Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations excluding severance, non-operating retirement costs and special items discussed below (or “adjusted diluted earnings per share,” a non-GAAP measure) were $0.22 and $0.12 for the third quarters of 2020 and 2019, respectively.
The Company had an operating profit of $39.6 million in the third quarter of 2020, compared with $25.1 million in the third quarter of 2019. The increase was principally driven by higher digital-only subscription revenues and lower costs, which more than offset lower advertising revenues. Operating profit before depreciation, amortization, severance, multiemployer pension plan withdrawal costs and special items discussed below (or “adjusted operating profit,” a non-GAAP measure) increased to $56.5 million in the third quarter of 2020 from $44.1 million in the third quarter of 2019, primarily as a result of the factors identified above.
Total revenues decreased 0.4% to $426.9 million in the third quarter of 2020 from $428.5 million in the third quarter of 2019, primarily driven by a decrease in advertising revenue and other revenue. These declines were partially offset by higher subscription revenues.
Operating costs decreased in the third quarter of 2020 to $387.3 million from $401.5 million in the third quarter of 2019, largely due to lower media expenses and lower advertising sales costs, as well as lower print production and distribution and advertising servicing costs. These were partially offset by higher digital content delivery and journalism costs, including growth in the number of digital product development employees in connection with digital subscription strategic initiatives. Operating costs before depreciation, amortization, severance and multiemployer pension plan withdrawal costs (or “adjusted operating costs,” a non-GAAP measure) decreased in the third quarter of 2020 to $370.4 million from $384.4 million in the third quarter of 2019, primarily as a result of the factors identified above.
Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic
The global coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, and attempts to contain it, have continued to result in significant economic disruption, market volatility and uncertainty. These conditions have affected our business and could continue to do so for the foreseeable future.
Unlike many media companies, which are primarily dependent on advertising, we derive substantial revenue from subscriptions (approximately 60% of total revenues in 2019 and 69% in the first three quarters of 2020). Although moderating from the early months of the pandemic, we have experienced significant growth in the number of subscriptions to our digital
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news and other products, which is attributable in part to an increase in traffic given the news environment. However, revenues from the single-copy and bulk sales of our print newspaper (which include our international edition and collectively represent less than 10% of our total subscription revenues) have been, and we expect will continue to be, adversely affected as a result of widespread business closures, increased remote working and reductions in travel.
The worldwide economic slowdown caused by the pandemic also led to a significant decline in our advertising revenues, beginning in the first quarter of 2020 and continuing through the third quarter of 2020, and to the extent conditions persist, we expect that our advertising revenues will continue to be adversely affected.
However, our strong balance sheet has enabled us to continue to operate without the liquidity issues experienced by many other companies. As of September 27, 2020, we had cash, cash equivalents and short- and long-term marketable securities of $800.1 million, and we were debt-free. We believe our cash balance and cash provided by operations, in combination with other sources of cash, will be sufficient to meet our financing needs over the next twelve months, enabling us to continue hiring in our newsroom, and in product and technology, and continue investment in important growth areas.
We have incurred and expect to continue to incur some additional costs in response to the pandemic, including certain enhanced employee benefits. These costs have not been significant to date, but we may incur significant additional costs as we continue to implement operational changes in response to the pandemic.
At this time, the complete impact that the COVID-19 pandemic, and the associated economic downturn, will have on our business is uncertain. While we remain confident in our prospects over the longer term, the extent to which the pandemic impacts us will depend on numerous evolving factors and future developments, including the severity and duration of the outbreak, and any resurgence thereof; the impact of the pandemic on economic activity and the companies with which we do business; governmental, business and other actions; travel restrictions; and social distancing measures, among many other factors. We will continue to actively monitor the situation and may take further actions that alter our business operations as may be required by federal, state, local or foreign authorities, or that we determine are appropriate. Please see “Part II—Item 1A—Risk Factors” for more information.

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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following table presents our consolidated financial results:
 For the Quarters EndedFor the Nine Months Ended
(In thousands)September 27, 2020September 29, 2019% ChangeSeptember 27, 2020September 29, 2019% Change
Revenues
Subscription$300,950 $267,302 12.6 %$879,573 $808,568 8.8 %
Advertising79,253 113,531 (30.2)%253,150 359,380 (29.6)%
Other46,692 47,668 (2.0)%141,558 135,873 4.2 %
Total revenues426,895 428,501 (0.4)%1,274,281 1,303,821 (2.3)%
Operating costs
Cost of revenue (excluding depreciation and amortization)235,900 245,100 (3.8)%709,719 729,654 (2.7)%
Sales and marketing50,62764,218(21.2)%164,040201,327 (18.5)%
Product development34,102 26,669 27.9 %95,641 75,658 26.4 %
General and administrative51,118 50,015 2.2 %162,791 152,054 7.1 %
Depreciation and amortization15,552 15,450 0.7 %46,368 45,548 1.8 %
Total operating costs387,299 401,452 (3.5)%1,178,559 1,204,241 (2.1)%
Restructuring charge4,008*4,008 *
Gain from pension liability adjustment— (2,045)*— (2,045)*
Operating profit39,596 25,086 57.8 %95,722 97,617 (1.9)%
Other components of net periodic benefit costs2,272 1,834 23.9 %6,735 5,502 22.4 %
Interest income/(expense) and other, net3,537 (755)*20,177 (3,572)*
Income from continuing operations before income taxes40,861 22,497 81.6 %109,164 88,543 23.3 %
Income tax expense7,283 6,070 20.0 %19,070 16,789 13.6 %
Net income33,578 16,427 *90,094 71,754 25.6 %
Net income attributable to The New York Times Company common stockholders$33,578 $16,427 *$90,094 $71,754 25.6 %
* Represents a change equal to or in excess of 100% or not meaningful

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Revenues
Subscription Revenues
Subscription revenues consist of revenues from subscriptions to our digital and print products (which include our news product, as well as our Games (previously Crossword), Cooking and audio products), and single-copy and bulk sales of our print products (which represent less than 10% of these revenues). Subscription revenues are based on both the number of copies of the printed newspaper sold and digital-only subscriptions, and the rates charged to the respective customers.
Subscription revenues increased 12.6% in the third quarter and 8.8% in the first nine months of 2020 compared with the same prior-year periods, primarily due to year-over-year growth of 49.6% in the number of subscriptions to the Company’s digital products as well as the continued focus on our digital pricing strategy which included price increases in 2020 for our most tenured subscribers. The increases in both periods were partially offset by a decrease in print subscription revenue attributable to lower single-copy and bulk sales, primarily as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as fewer subscriptions, partially offset by an increase in home delivery prices. The third quarter was the first full quarter in which digital-only subscription revenue exceeded print subscription revenue.
Paid digital-only subscriptions totaled approximately 6,063,000 at the end of the third quarter of 2020, a net increase of 393,000 subscriptions compared with the end of the second quarter of 2020 and a net increase of 2,010,000 compared with the end of the third quarter of 2019. The significant rate of year-over-year growth in our digital subscriptions that continued, although moderated, from the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic is attributable in part to an increase in traffic given the news environment, as well as a change made to the digital access model last year, which requires users to register and log in to access most of our content.
Digital-only news product subscriptions totaled approximately 4,665,000 at the end of the third quarter of 2020, a 275,000 net increase compared with the end of the second quarter of 2020 and a 1,468,000 increase compared with the end of the third quarter of 2019. Other product subscriptions (which include our Games, Cooking and audio products) totaled approximately 1,398,000 at the end of the third quarter of 2020, an increase of 118,000 subscriptions compared with the end of the second quarter of 2020 and an increase of 542,000 subscriptions compared with the end of the third quarter of 2019.
Print domestic home delivery subscriptions totaled approximately 831,000 at the end of the third quarter of 2020, relatively flat compared with the end of the second quarter of 2020 and a net decrease of 34,000 compared with the end of the third quarter of 2019. The year-over-year decrease is a result of secular declines.
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The following table summarizes digital and print subscription revenues for the third quarters and first nine months of 2020 and 2019:
For the Quarters EndedFor the Nine Months Ended
(In thousands)September 27, 2020September 29, 2019% ChangeSeptember 27, 2020September 29, 2019% Change
Digital-only subscription revenues:
News product subscription revenues(1)
$140,740 $107,009 31.5 %$392,620 $313,785 25.1 %
Other product subscription revenues(2)
14,546 8,855 64.3 %38,660 24,573 57.3 %
   Subtotal digital-only subscription revenues155,286 115,864 34.0 %431,280 338,358 27.5 %
Print subscription revenues:
Domestic home delivery subscription revenues(3)
129,912 126,769 2.5 %396,620 395,011 0.4 %
Single-copy, NYT International and other subscription revenues(4)
15,752 24,669 (36.1)%51,673 75,199 (31.3)%
   Subtotal print subscription revenues145,664 151,438 (3.8)%448,293 470,210 (4.7)%
Total subscription revenues$300,950 $267,302 12.6 %$879,573 $808,568 8.8 %
(1) Includes revenues from subscriptions to the Company’s news product. News product subscription packages that include access to the Company’s Games and Cooking products are also included in this category.
(2) Includes revenues from standalone subscriptions to the Company’s Games, Cooking and audio products.
(3) Includes free access to some or all of the Company’s digital products.
(4) NYT International is the international edition of our print newspaper.
The following table summarizes digital and print subscriptions as of the end of the third quarters of 2020 and 2019:
For the Quarters Ended
(In thousands)September 27, 2020September 29, 2019% Change
Digital-only subscriptions:
News product subscriptions(1)
4,665 3,197 45.9 %
Other product subscriptions(2)
1,398 856 63.3 %
   Subtotal digital-only subscriptions6,063 4,053 49.6 %
Print subscriptions831 865 (3.9)%
Total subscriptions6,894 4,918 40.2 %
(1) Includes subscriptions to the Company’s news product. News product subscription packages that include access to the Company’s Games and Cooking products are also included in this category.
(2) Includes standalone subscriptions to the Company’s Games, Cooking and audio products. During the first quarter of 2020, the Company acquired a subscription-based audio product. Approximately 20,000 of the audio product’s subscriptions were included in the Company’s digital-only other product subscriptions at the time of acquisition.
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    We believe that the significant growth over the last several years in subscriptions to our products demonstrates the success of our “subscription-first” strategy and the willingness of our readers to pay for high-quality journalism. The following charts illustrate the acceleration in net digital-only subscription additions and corresponding subscription revenues as well as the relative stability of our print domestic home delivery subscription products since the launch of the digital pay model in 2011.   
nyt-20200927_g1.jpg

nyt-20200927_g2.jpg
(1) Amounts may not add due to rounding.
(2) Print domestic home delivery subscriptions include free access to some or all of our digital products.
(3) Print Other includes single-copy, NYT International and other subscription revenues.
Note: Revenues for 2012 and 2017 include the impact of an additional week.
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Advertising Revenues
Advertising revenue is principally from advertisers promoting products, services or brands on digital platforms in the form of banners and video, and in print, in the form of column-inch ads. Advertising revenue is primarily derived from offerings sold directly to marketers by our advertising sales teams. A smaller proportion of our total advertising revenues is generated through programmatic auctions run by third-party ad exchanges and from creative service fees, including those associated with our branded content studio.
Advertising revenues are primarily determined by the volume (e.g., impressions), rate and mix of advertisements. Digital advertising includes our core digital advertising business and other digital advertising. Our core digital advertising business includes advertising on websites, mobile applications, podcasts, emails and videos. Direct-sold display advertising, a component of core digital advertising, includes offerings on websites and mobile applications sold directly to marketers by our advertising sales teams. Other digital advertising includes open market programmatic advertising, creative services fees and advertising revenue generated by Wirecutter, our product review and recommendation website. Print advertising includes revenue from column-inch ads and classified advertising, including line-ads as well as preprinted advertising, also known as freestanding inserts.
The following table summarizes digital and print advertising revenues for the third quarters and first nine months of 2020 and 2019:
For the Quarters EndedFor the Nine Months Ended
(In thousands)September 27, 2020September 29, 2019% ChangeSeptember 27, 2020September 29, 2019% Change
Advertising revenues:
Digital$47,763 $54,653 (12.6)%$138,452 $168,222 (17.7)%
Print31,490 58,878 (46.5)%114,698 191,158 (40.0)%
Total advertising$79,253 $113,531 (30.2)%$253,150 $359,380 (29.6)%
Digital advertising revenues, which represented 60.3% of total advertising revenues in the third quarter of 2020, declined $6.9 million or 12.6%, to $47.8 million compared with $54.7 million in the same prior-year period primarily driven by a decrease in creative service fees. Core digital advertising revenue increased $0.4 million due to growth in podcast and email advertising revenue, which was partially offset by a decrease in revenues attributed to direct-sold display. Direct-sold display impressions declined 23%, while the average rate grew 18%. Other digital advertising revenue decreased $7.3 million as a result of the discontinuation of our HelloSociety and Fake Love creative services businesses, as well as lower creative services demand due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Open market programmatic advertising revenue was flat, as impressions increased by 25%, while the average rate decreased 17%. Overall display advertising impressions increased 71% as a result of an increase in traffic to our products, which were primarily filled by programmatic impressions.
Digital advertising revenues, which represented 54.7% of total advertising revenues in the first nine months of 2020, declined $29.8 million or 17.7% to $138.5 million, compared with $168.2 million in the same prior-year period primarily driven by a decrease in creative services and direct-sold display. Core digital advertising revenue decreased $10.2 million primarily due to a 19% decline in direct-sold display advertising revenue partially offset by a 19% increase in podcast revenues. Direct-sold display impressions declined 15%, while average rate grew 5%. Other digital advertising declined $19.6 million as a result of the discontinuation of HelloSociety and Fake Love creative services business, as well as lower demand for creative services due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This decline was partially offset by growth in open market programmatic advertising, as impressions increased by 51%, while the average rate decreased 30%. Overall display advertising impressions increased 103% as a result of an increase in traffic to our products, which were primarily filled by programmatic impressions.
Print advertising revenues, which represented 39.7% of total advertising revenues in the third quarter of 2020, declined $27.4 million or 46.5% to $31.5 million compared with $58.9 million in the same prior-year period. Print advertising revenues, which represented 45.3% of total advertising revenues in the first nine months of 2020, declined $76.5 million or 40.0% to $114.7 million compared with $191.2 million in the same prior year period. The decline in both periods was driven by lower demand as the COVID-19 pandemic further accelerated secular trends. The decline in print advertising revenue in the third quarter of 2020 was primarily in the luxury, entertainment, media and home furnishings categories. The decline in print advertising revenue in the first nine months of 2020 was primarily in the entertainment, luxury, media and home furnishings categories.
Other Revenues
Other revenues primarily consist of revenues from licensing, affiliate referrals from Wirecutter, the leasing of floors in the Company Headquarters, commercial printing, television and film, retail commerce and NYT Live (our live events business). Building rental revenue consists of revenue from the lease of floors in our Company Headquarters, which totaled $7.1 million
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and $7.9 million in the third quarters of 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $22.3 million and $23.0 million in the first nine months of 2020 and 2019, respectively.
Other revenues decreased 2.0% in the third quarter of 2020 and increased 4.2% in the first nine months of 2020, compared with the same prior-year periods. The decrease in the third quarter of 2020 was primarily a result of fewer television episodes as well as lower revenues from commercial printing and live events. These declines were partially offset by higher licensing revenue related to Facebook News and affiliate referral revenue related to Wirecutter. The increase in other revenues for the first nine months of 2020 primarily resulted from higher licensing revenue related to Facebook News and affiliate referral revenue related to Wirecutter, partially offset by a decline in revenues from commercial printing and live events.
Operating Costs
As noted above, effective with the quarter ended March 29, 2020, the Company changed the Operating costs captions on its Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations. See Note 15 of the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more detail.
Operating costs were as follows:
For the Quarters EndedFor the Nine Months Ended
(In thousands)September 27, 2020September 29, 2019% ChangeSeptember 27, 2020September 29, 2019% Change
Operating costs:
Cost of revenue (excluding depreciation and amortization)$235,900 $245,100 (3.8)%$709,719 $729,654 (2.7)%
Sales and marketing50,627 64,218 (21.2)%164,040 201,327 (18.5)%
Product development34,102 26,669 27.9 %95,641 75,658 26.4 %
General and administrative51,118 50,015 2.2 %162,791 152,054 7.1 %
Depreciation and amortization15,552 15,450 0.7 %46,368 45,548 1.8 %
Total operating costs$387,299 $401,452 (3.5)%$1,178,559 $1,204,241 (2.1)%
Cost of Revenue (excluding depreciation and amortization)
Cost of revenue includes all costs related to content creation, subscriber and advertiser servicing, and print production and distribution as well as infrastructure costs related to delivering digital content, which include all cloud and cloud-related costs as well as compensation for employees that enhance and maintain our platforms.
Cost of revenue decreased in the third quarter of 2020 by $9.2 million compared with the third quarter of 2019, largely due to lower print production and distribution costs of $13.5 million and lower advertising servicing costs of $7.9 million, which were partially offset by higher digital content delivery costs of $5.1 million, higher journalism costs of $4.1 million and higher subscriber servicing costs of $3.0 million. The decrease in print production and distribution costs was largely due to lower newsprint consumption and pricing, as well as lower outside printing and distribution costs. The decrease in advertising servicing costs was due to lower creative services revenues, as well as lower volume of campaigns and live events. Higher digital content delivery costs were due to a growth in the number of employees to support cloud related operations, content creation and delivery systems and higher cloud storage costs. The increase in journalism costs was largely driven by an increase in the number of newsroom employees, partially offset by lower costs related to our television series. The increase in subscriber servicing costs was primarily due to higher credit card processing fees and third-party commissions due to increased subscriptions.
Cost of revenue decreased in the first nine months of 2020 by $19.9 million compared with the first nine months of 2019, largely due to lower print production and distribution costs of $41.9 million and lower advertising servicing costs of $17.4 million, which were partially offset by higher journalism costs of $19.8 million, higher digital content delivery costs of $12.4 million and higher subscriber servicing costs of $7.2 million. The decreases in print production and distribution costs and in advertising servicing costs were largely due to the factors identified above. The increase in journalism costs was largely driven by an increase in the number of newsroom employees. Higher digital content delivery and subscriber servicing costs were largely due to the factors identified above.
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Sales and Marketing
Sales and marketing includes costs related to the Company’s marketing efforts as well as advertising sales costs.
Sales and marketing costs in the third quarter of 2020 decreased by $13.6 million compared with the third quarter of 2019, due primarily to lower media expenses and advertising sales costs.
Sales and marketing costs decreased in the first nine months of 2020 by $37.3 million compared with the first nine months of 2019, primarily as a result of the factors identified above.
Media expenses, a component of sales and marketing costs that represents the cost to promote our subscription business, decreased to $27.3 million in the third quarter of 2020 from $35.9 million in the third quarter of 2019 and decreased to $89.2 million in the first nine months of 2020 from $114.6 million in the first nine months of 2019 as the Company reduced its marketing spend during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Product Development
Product development includes costs associated with the Company’s investment into developing and enhancing new and existing product technology including engineering, product development, and data insights.
Product development costs in the third quarter of 2020 increased by $7.4 million compared with the third quarter of 2019, largely due to growth in the number of digital product development employees in connection with digital subscription strategic initiatives.
Product development costs in the first nine months of 2020 increased by $20.0 million compared with the first nine months of 2019, primarily as a result of the factors identified above.
General and Administrative Costs
General and administrative costs includes general management, corporate enterprise technology, building operations, unallocated overhead costs, severance and multiemployer pension plan withdrawal costs.
General and administrative costs in the third quarter of 2020 increased by $1.1 million compared with the third quarter of 2019, primarily as a result of growth in the number of employees, as well as higher outside services costs.
General and administrative costs in the first nine months of 2020 increased by $10.7 million compared with the first nine months of 2019, primarily as a result of severance, growth in the number of employees, as well as higher outside services costs.
Depreciation and Amortization
Depreciation and amortization costs in the third quarter and first nine months of 2020 remained relatively flat compared with the same prior-year periods.
Other Items
See Note 7 of the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information regarding other items.
NON-OPERATING ITEMS
Other Components of Net Periodic Benefit Costs
See Note 9 of the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for information regarding other components of net periodic benefit costs.
Interest Income/(expense) and other, net
See Note 7 of the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for information regarding interest income/(expense) and other, net.
Income Taxes
See Note 10 of the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for information regarding income taxes.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
We have included in this report certain supplemental financial information derived from consolidated financial information but not presented in our financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP. Specifically, we have referred to the following non-GAAP financial measures in this report:
diluted earnings per share from continuing operations excluding severance, non-operating retirement costs and the impact of special items (or adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations);
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operating profit before depreciation, amortization, severance, multiemployer pension plan withdrawal costs and special items (or adjusted operating profit); and
operating costs before depreciation, amortization, severance and multiemployer pension plan withdrawal costs (or adjusted operating costs).
The special item in 2020 consisted of:
a $10.1 million gain ($7.4 million after tax or $.04 per share) related to a non-marketable equity investment transaction. The gain is comprised of $2.5 million realized gain due to the partial sale of the investment and an $7.6 million unrealized gain due to the mark to market of the remaining investment, and is included in Interest income/(expense) and other, net in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
The special items in 2019 consisted of:
a $4.0 million charge ($3.0 million after tax or $.02 per share) related to restructuring charges, including impairment and severance charges related to the closure of our digital marketing agency, HelloSociety, LLC; and
a $2.0 million gain ($1.5 million after tax or $.01 per share) from a multiemployer pension plan liability adjustment.
We have included these non-GAAP financial measures because management reviews them on a regular basis and uses them to evaluate and manage the performance of our operations. We believe that, for the reasons outlined below, these non-GAAP financial measures provide useful information to investors as a supplement to reported diluted earnings/(loss) per share from continuing operations, operating profit/(loss) and operating costs. However, these measures should be evaluated only in conjunction with the comparable GAAP financial measures and should not be viewed as alternative or superior measures of GAAP results.
Adjusted diluted earnings per share provides useful information in evaluating the Company’s period-to-period performance because it eliminates items that the Company does not consider to be indicative of earnings from ongoing operating activities. Adjusted operating profit is useful in evaluating the ongoing performance of the Company’s businesses as it excludes the significant non-cash impact of depreciation and amortization as well as items not indicative of ongoing operating activities. Total operating costs include depreciation, amortization, severance and multiemployer pension plan withdrawal costs. Total operating costs, excluding these items, provide investors with helpful supplemental information on the Company’s underlying operating costs that is used by management in its financial and operational decision-making.
Management considers special items, which may include impairment charges, pension settlement charges and other items that arise from time to time, to be outside the ordinary course of our operations. Management believes that excluding these items provides a better understanding of the underlying trends in the Company’s operating performance and allows more accurate comparisons of the Company’s operating results to historical performance. In addition, management excludes severance costs, which may fluctuate significantly from quarter to quarter, because it believes these costs do not necessarily reflect expected future operating costs and do not contribute to a meaningful comparison of the Company’s operating results to historical performance.
Included in our non-GAAP financial measures are non-operating retirement costs which are primarily tied to financial market performance and changes in market interest rates and investment performance. Management considers non-operating retirement costs to be outside the performance of the business and believes that presenting adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations excluding non-operating retirement costs and presenting adjusted operating results excluding multiemployer pension plan withdrawal costs, in addition to the Company’s GAAP diluted earnings per share from continuing operations and GAAP operating results, provide increased transparency and a better understanding of the underlying trends in the Company’s operating business performance.
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Reconciliations of these non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures are set out in the tables below.
Reconciliation of diluted earnings per share from continuing operations excluding severance, non-operating retirement costs and special items (or adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations)
For the Quarters EndedFor the Nine Months Ended
September 27,
2020
September 29,
2019
% ChangeSeptember 27,
2020
September 29,
2019
% Change
Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations$0.20 $0.10 *$0.54 $0.43 25.6 %
Add:
Severance— — — 0.04 0.01 *
Non-operating retirement costs:
Multiemployer pension plan withdrawal costs0.01 0.01 — 0.02 0.03 (33.3)%
Other components of net periodic benefit costs0.01 0.01 — 0.04 0.03 33.3 %
Special item:
Restructuring charge— 0.02 *— 0.02 *
Gain from non-
marketable equity
security
— — — (0.06)— *
Gain from pension liability adjustment— (0.01)*— (0.01)*
Income tax expense of adjustments(0.01)(0.01)— (0.01)(0.02)(50.0)%
Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations(1)
$0.22 $0.12 83.3 %$0.57 $0.49 16.3 %
(1)Amounts may not add due to rounding.
* Represents a change equal to or in excess of 100% or not meaningful
Reconciliation of operating profit before depreciation & amortization, severance, multiemployer pension plan withdrawal costs and special items (or adjusted operating profit)
For the Quarters EndedFor the Nine Months Ended
(In thousands)September 27, 2020September 29, 2019% ChangeSeptember 27, 2020September 29, 2019% Change
Operating profit$39,596 $25,086 57.8 %$95,722 $97,617 (1.9)%
Add:
Depreciation & amortization15,552 15,450 0.7 %46,368 45,548 1.8 %
Severance— 367 *6,675 2,441 *
Multiemployer pension plan withdrawal costs1,376 1,204 14.3 %4,198 4,454 (5.7)%
Special items:
Restructuring charge— 4,008 *— 4,008 *
Gain from pension liability adjustment— (2,045)*— (2,045)*
Adjusted operating profit$56,524 $44,070 28.3 %$152,963 $152,023 0.6 %
* Represents a change equal to or in excess of 100% or not meaningful
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Reconciliation of operating costs before depreciation & amortization, severance and multiemployer pension plan withdrawal costs (or adjusted operating costs)
For the Quarters EndedFor the Nine Months Ended
(In thousands)September 27, 2020September 29, 2019% ChangeSeptember 27, 2020September 29, 2019% Change
Operating costs$387,299 $401,452 (3.5)%$1,178,559 $1,204,241 (2.1)%
Less:
Depreciation & amortization15,552 15,450 0.7 %46,368 45,548 1.8 %
Severance— 367 *6,675 2,441 *
Multiemployer pension plan withdrawal costs1,376 1,204 14.3 %4,198 4,454 (5.7)%
Adjusted operating costs$370,371 $384,431 (3.7)%$1,121,318 $1,151,798 (2.6)%
* Represents a change equal to or in excess of 100% or not meaningful

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LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
We believe our cash balance and cash provided by operations, in combination with other sources of cash, will be sufficient to meet our financing needs over the next twelve months. Although there is uncertainty related to the anticipated continued effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business (see “—Executive Overview— Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic” and “Part II—Item 1A—Risk Factors”), given the strength of our balance sheet, we do not expect the pandemic to materially impact our liquidity position. As of September 27, 2020, we had cash, cash equivalents and short- and long-term marketable securities of $800.1 million. Our cash and marketable securities balances between the end of 2019 and September 27, 2020, increased, primarily due to cash proceeds from operating activities and proceeds from sale of investments, partially offset by consideration paid for acquisitions, capital expenditures, dividend payments, and share-based compensation tax withholding.
We have paid quarterly dividends on the Class A and Class B Common Stock each quarter since late 2013. In February 2020, the Board of Directors approved an increase in the quarterly dividend to $0.06 per share, which was paid in April 2020. In June and September 2020, the Board of Directors declared a quarterly dividend of $0.06 per share on the Class A and Class B Common Stock, which was paid in July and October 2020. We currently expect to continue to pay comparable cash dividends in the future, although changes in our dividends will be considered by our Board of Directors in light of our earnings, capital requirements, financial condition and other factors considered relevant.
Capital Resources
Sources and Uses of Cash
Cash flows provided by/(used in) by category were as follows:
For the Nine Months Ended
(In thousands)September 27, 2020September 29, 2019% Change
Operating activities$206,683 $121,600 70.0 %
Investing activities$(187,264)$(37,258)*
Financing activities$(35,671)$(43,139)(17.3)%
* Represents a change equal to or in excess of 100% or not meaningful
Operating Activities
Cash from operating activities is generated by cash receipts from subscriptions, advertising sales and other revenue. Operating cash outflows include payments for employee compensation, contributions to retirement funds and other benefit payments, raw materials, marketing expenses, interest and income taxes.
Net cash provided by operating activities increased in the first nine months of 2020 compared with the same prior-year period primarily due to higher cash collections from accounts receivable, higher income and higher cash payments received from prepaid subscriptions, partially offset by higher cash payments made to settle accounts payable, accrued payroll and other liabilities.
Investing Activities
Cash from investing activities generally includes proceeds from marketable securities that have matured and the sale of assets, investments or a business. Cash used in investing activities generally includes purchases of marketable securities, payments for capital projects and acquisitions of new businesses and investments.
Net cash used in investing activities in the first nine months of 2020 was primarily related to $128.3 million in net purchases of marketable securities, consideration paid for acquisitions of $33.1 million, and $29.2 million in capital expenditures payments.
Financing Activities
Cash from financing activities generally includes borrowings under third-party financing arrangements, the issuance of long-term debt and funds from stock option exercises. Cash used in financing activities generally includes the repayment of amounts outstanding under third-party financing arrangements, the payment of dividends, the payment of long-term debt and finance lease obligations and share-based compensation tax withholding.
Net cash used in financing activities in the first nine months of 2020 was primarily related to dividend payments of $28.4 million and share-based compensation tax withholding payments of $11.7 million.
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Restricted Cash
We were required to maintain $15.9 million of restricted cash as of September 27, 2020, and $17.1 million as of December 29, 2019, substantially all of which is set aside to collateralize workers’ compensation obligations.
Capital Expenditures
Capital expenditures totaled approximately $25 million and $33 million in the first nine months of 2020 and 2019, respectively. The decrease in capital expenditures was primarily driven by lower expenditures related to the build-out of additional office space in Long Island City, N.Y. and lower expenditures related to improvements at our College Point, N.Y. printing and distribution facility. The cash payments related to capital expenditures totaled approximately $29 million and $33 million in the first nine months of 2020 and 2019, respectively.
Third-Party Financing
In September 2019, we entered into a $250 million five-year unsecured credit facility (the “Credit Facility”). Certain of our domestic subsidiaries have guaranteed our obligations under the Credit Facility. As of September 27, 2020, there were no outstanding borrowings under the Credit Facility and the Company was in compliance with the financial covenants contained in the Credit Facility.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Our critical accounting policies are detailed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 29, 2019. Other than as described in Note 2 of the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, as of September 27, 2020, our critical accounting policies have not changed from December 29, 2019.
CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS & OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS
Our contractual obligations and off-balance sheet arrangements are detailed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 29, 2019. As of September 27, 2020, our contractual obligations and off-balance sheet arrangements have not changed materially from December 29, 2019.
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including the section titled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” contains forward-looking statements that relate to future events or our future financial performance. We may also make written and oral forward-looking statements in our Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) filings and otherwise. We have tried, where possible, to identify such statements by using words such as “believe,” “expect,” “intend,” “estimate,” “anticipate,” “will,” “could,” “project,” “plan” and similar expressions in connection with any discussion of future operating or financial performance. Any forward-looking statements are and will be based upon our then-current expectations, estimates and assumptions regarding future events and are applicable only as of the dates of such statements. We undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
By their nature, forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in any such statements. You should bear this in mind as you consider forward-looking statements. Factors that we think could, individually or in the aggregate, cause our actual results to differ materially from expected and historical results include those described under the heading “Part II-Item 1A-Risk Factors” in this report, in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 29, 2019, as well as other risks and factors identified from time to time in our SEC filings.    
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 29, 2019, details our disclosures about market risk. As of September 27, 2020, there were no material changes in our market risks from December 29, 2019.
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Item 4. Controls and Procedures
EVALUATION OF DISCLOSURE CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
Our management, with the participation of our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) as of September 27, 2020. Based upon such evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that the information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
CHANGES IN INTERNAL CONTROL OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING
There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended September 27, 2020, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting. We have not experienced a material impact to our internal control over financial reporting despite the fact that most of our employees are working remotely due to the COVID-19 pandemic. We are continuing to monitor and evaluate the situation to minimize any impact of the pandemic on the design and operating effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting.
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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
We are involved in various legal actions incidental to our business that are now pending against us. These actions are generally for amounts greatly in excess of the payments, if any, that may be required to be made. Although the Company cannot predict the outcome of these matters, it is possible that an unfavorable outcome in one or more matters could be material to the Company’s consolidated results of operations or cash flows for an individual reporting period. However, based on currently available information, management does not believe that the ultimate resolution of these matters, individually or in the aggregate, is likely to have a material effect on the Company’s financial position.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
The following risk factor supplements the risk factors set forth in “Item 1A—Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 29, 2019.
The global coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic will continue to affect our industry, business and results of operations.
The global coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and attempts to contain it have continued to result in significant economic disruption, market volatility and uncertainty. As with many companies, the pandemic has disrupted our business and could continue to do so for the foreseeable future.
We derive substantial revenues from the sale of advertising (approximately 29% of our total revenues in 2019). Advertising spending is sensitive to overall economic conditions, and our advertising revenues are adversely affected if advertisers respond to weak and uneven economic conditions by reducing their budgets or shifting spending patterns or priorities, or if they are forced to consolidate or cease operations. The worldwide economic slowdown caused by the outbreak and spread of COVID-19 has materially adversely affected our advertising revenues, and our advertising revenues will likely continue to be adversely affected while these conditions persist. Likewise, the pandemic and attempts to contain it have resulted in the postponement and cancellation of live events, which has adversely affected our revenues from live events and related services, and will continue to adversely affect these revenues to the extent these conditions persist. It is possible that these revenues will not return to pre-pandemic levels once economic conditions improve.
We derive the majority of our revenues from the sale of subscriptions (approximately 60% of our total revenues in 2019). Although we have experienced significant growth in the number of subscriptions to our digital news and other products in the first nine months of 2020, this growth rate has been driven in part by an increase in traffic given the news environment, and may not be sustainable or indicative of results for future periods. In addition, the recent growth may reflect in part the shifting forward of growth that we would have otherwise seen in subsequent periods. Accordingly, the rate of growth in our digital subscriptions, which has moderated since the early months of the pandemic, may continue to moderate due to slower acquisition and/or higher cancellations as and when the pandemic subsides. Furthermore, to the extent that a prolonged weakening of global economic conditions leads consumers to reduce spending on discretionary activities, subscribers may increasingly shift to lower-priced subscription options or may forgo subscriptions altogether. In light of these factors, our ability to obtain new subscribers or to retain subscribers at their current or higher pricing levels could be hindered, reducing our subscription revenue. In addition, revenues from the single-copy and bulk sales of our print newspaper (which include our international edition and collectively represent less than 10% of our total subscription revenues) have been, and we expect will continue to be, adversely affected as a result of widespread business closures, increased remote working and reductions in travel.
In response to public health recommendations, government mandates and other concerns, we have altered certain aspects of our operations, including having the vast majority of our workforce work remotely since March 2020, and remote work arrangements are expected to continue for the majority of our workforce at least through early July 2021. An extended period of remote work arrangements could introduce operational risk (including cybersecurity risk), result in a decline in productivity or otherwise negatively affect our ability to manage the business. In addition, if a significant portion of our workforce is unable to work, including because of illness, travel or government restrictions in connection with COVID-19 or shortages of necessary personal protective equipment, our operations may be negatively impacted. We will continue to actively monitor the issues raised by the COVID-19 pandemic and may take further actions that alter our business operations as may be required or that we determine are appropriate. We have incurred and expect to continue to incur some additional costs in response to the pandemic, including certain enhanced employee benefits. These costs have not been significant to date, but we may incur significant additional costs as we continue to implement operational changes in response to the pandemic. It is not clear what the potential effects any such alterations or modifications may have on our business, including the effects on our financial results.
The Times is printed at our production and distribution facility in College Point, N.Y., as well as under contract at remote print sites across the United States and throughout the world. If a significant percentage of our College Point employees were unable to work as a result of the pandemic, our ability to print and distribute the newspaper and other commercial print
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products in the New York area could be negatively affected. To the extent our newsprint suppliers or print and distribution partners are affected by government “stay-at-home” mandates or recommendations, financial pressures, labor shortages or other circumstances relating to COVID-19 that lead to reduced operations or consolidations or closures of print sites and/or distribution routes, this could lead to an increase in costs to print and distribute our newspapers and/or a decrease in revenues if printing and distribution are disrupted. Some of our print and distribution partners have taken steps to reduce the frequency with which newspapers are printed and distributed, and additional partners may take similar steps. Significant disruptions to operations at our College Point production and distribution facility or at our newsprint suppliers or print and distribution partners could adversely affect our operating results.
It is also possible that the COVID-19 pandemic may accelerate or worsen the other risks discussed in “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K. The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic impacts us will depend on numerous evolving factors and future developments that we are not able to predict, including the severity and duration of the outbreak, and any resurgence thereof; the impact of the pandemic on economic activity and the companies with which we do business; governmental, business and other actions; travel restrictions and social distancing measures, among many other factors.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
(a) Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities
On July 17, 2020, August 17, 2020, and September 18, 2020, we issued 1,520, 13,440 and 6,720 shares, respectively, of Class A Common Stock to holders of Class B Common Stock upon the conversion of such Class B shares into Class A shares. The conversions, which were in accordance with our Certificate of Incorporation, did not involve a public offering and were exempt from registration pursuant to Section 3(a)(9) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.
(c) Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
In 2015, the Board of Directors approved an authorization of $101.1 million to repurchase shares of the Company’s Class A Common Stock. As of September 27, 2020, repurchases under this authorization totaled $84.9 million (excluding commissions), and $16.2 million remained under this authorization. The Company did not repurchase any shares during the first nine months of 2020. All purchases were made pursuant to our publicly announced share repurchase program. Our Board of Directors has authorized us to purchase shares from time to time, subject to market conditions and other factors. There is no expiration date with respect to this authorization.
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Item 6. Exhibits
Exhibit No.
  
31.1
31.2
32.1
32.2
101.INSXBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.
101.SCHInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
101.CALInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
101.DEFInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.
101.LABInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
101.PREInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101).
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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY
(Registrant)
Date:November 5, 2020/s/ Roland A. Caputo
Roland A. Caputo
Executive Vice President and
Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer)

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