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VICR Vicor

Filed: 3 May 21, 11:17am
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549
 
 
FORM
10-Q
 
 
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from
                    
Commission File Number 0-18277
 
 
VICOR CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
 
Delaware
 
04-2742817
(State of Incorporation)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
25 Frontage Road, Andover,
Massachusetts
01810
(Address of Principal Executive Office)
(978)
470-2900
(Registrant’s telephone number)
 
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
 
Title of each class
 
Trading
Symbol(s)
 
Name of each exchange
on which registered
Common Stock, par value
$0.01 per share
 
VICR
 
The NASDAQ
Stock
Market LLC
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒    No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation
S-T
(§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ☒    No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a
non-accelerated
filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule
12b-2
of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer   Smaller reporting company 
Accelerated filer   Emerging growth company 
Non-accelerated
filer
    
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule
12b-2
of the Exchange Act). Yes  ☐    No  ☒
The number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of Common Stock as of April 19, 2021 was:
 
Common Stock, $.01 par value
   31,764,120 
Class B Common Stock, $.01 par value
   11,758,218 
 
 
 


VICOR CORPORATION
Part I – Financial Information
Item 1 – Financial Statements
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
   March 31, 2021  December 31, 2020 
Assets         
Current assets:
         
Cash and cash equivalents
  $127,411  $161,742 
Short-term investments
   95,719   50,166 
Accounts receivable, less allowance of $82 in 2021 and 2020
   47,697   40,999 
Inventories, net
   54,256   57,269 
Other current assets
   6,954   6,756 
          
Total current assets
   332,037   316,932 
Long-term deferred tax assets, net
   224   226 
Long-term investments, net
   2,541   2,517 
Property, plant and equipment, net
   81,124   74,843 
Other assets
   1,695   1,721 
          
Total assets
  $417,621  $396,239 
          
Liabilities and Equity         
Current liabilities:
         
Accounts payable
  $16,365  $14,121 
Accrued compensation and benefits
   14,485   14,094 
Accrued expenses
   3,153   2,624 
Short-term lease liabilities
   1,571   1,629 
Sales allowances
   1,253   597 
Income taxes payable
   43   139 
Short-term deferred revenue and customer prepayments
   6,008   7,309 
          
Total current liabilities
   42,878   40,513 
Long-term deferred revenue
   653   733 
Contingent consideration obligations
   181   227 
Long-term income taxes payable
   648   643 
Long-term lease liabilities
   2,779   2,968 
          
Total liabilities
   47,139   45,084 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 10)
0    0  
Equity:
         
Vicor Corporation stockholders’ equity:
         
Class B Common Stock: 10 votes per share, $.01 par value, 14,000,000 shares authorized, 11,758,218 shares issued and outstanding in 2021 and 2020
   118   118 
Common Stock: 1 vote per share, $.01 par value, 62,000,000 shares authorized 43,397,118 shares issued and 31,762,312 shares outstanding in 2021; 43,204,671 shares issued and 31,569,865 shares outstanding in 2020
   435   433 
Additional
paid-in
capital
   333,011   328,392 
Retained earnings
   176,100   161,008 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
   (573  (204
Treasury stock at cost: 11,634,806 shares in 2021 and 2020
   (138,927  (138,927
          
Total Vicor Corporation stockholders’ equity
   370,164   350,820 
Noncontrolling interest
   318   335 
          
Total equity
   370,482   351,155 
          
Total liabilities and equity
  $417,621  $396,239 
          
See accompanying notes.
 
-1-

VICOR CORPORATION
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2021  2020 
Net revenues
  $ 88,796  $ 63,401 
Cost of revenues
   44,096   36,070 
          
Gross margin
   44,700   27,331 
Operating expenses:
         
Selling, general and administrative
   16,954   16,369 
Research and development
   13,026   13,335 
          
Total operating expenses
   29,980   29,704 
          
Income (loss) from operations
   14,720   (2,373
Other income (expense), net:
         
Total unrealized gains on
available-for-sale
securities, net
   24   47 
Less: portion of gains recognized in other comprehensive income
   (23  (46
          
Net credit gains recognized in earnings
   1   1 
Other income (expense), net
   231   147 
          
Total other income (expense), net
   232   148 
          
Income (loss) before income taxes
   14,952   (2,225
Benefit for income taxes
   (143  (494
          
Consolidated net income (loss)
   15,095   (1,731
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
   3   4 
          
Net income (loss) attributable to Vicor Corporation
  $15,092  $ (1,735
          
Net income (loss) per common share attributable to Vicor Corporation:
         
Basic
  $0.35  $(0.04
Diluted
  $0.34  $(0.04
Shares used to compute net income (loss) per common share attributable to Vicor Corporation:
         
Basic
   43,455   40,635 
Diluted
   44,841   40,635 
See accompanying notes.    
 
-2-

 
VICOR CORPORATION
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2021  2020 
Consolidated net income (loss)
  $ 15,095  $ (1,731
Foreign currency translation (losses) gains, net of tax (1)
   (261  46 
Unrealized (losses) gains on
available-for-sale
securities, net of tax (1)
   (128  41 
          
Other comprehensive (loss) income
   (389  87 
          
Consolidated comprehensive income (loss)
   14,706   (1,644
Less: Comprehensive (loss) income attributable to noncontrolling interest
   (17  8 
          
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Vicor Corporation
  $14,723  $ (1,652
          
 
(1)
The deferred tax assets associated with foreign currency translation (losses) gains and unrealized (losses) gains on
available-for-sale
securities are completely offset by a tax valuation allowance as of March 31, 2021 and 2020. Therefore, there is 0 income tax benefit (provision) recognized for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.
See accompanying notes.
 
-3-

VICOR CORPORATION
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2021  2020 
Operating activities:
         
Consolidated net income (loss)
  $15,095  $ (1,731
Adjustments to reconcile consolidated net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used for) operating activities:
         
Depreciation and amortization
   2,806   2,711 
Stock-based compensation expense, net
   1,571   710 
Provision for doubtful accounts
   —     43 
Increase in long-term income taxes payable
   5   4 
Decrease in long-term deferred revenue
   (80  (80
Deferred income taxes
   2   (1
Credit gain on
available-for-sale
securities
   (1  (1
(Increase) decrease in other assets
   (26  75 
Change in current assets and liabilities, net
   (1,599  (2,639
          
Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities
   17,773   (909
   
Investing activities:
         
Purchases of short-term investments
   (50,706  —   
Sales or maturities of short-term investments
   5,000   —   
Additions to property, plant and equipment
   (9,264  (2,999
          
Net cash used for investing activities
   (54,970  (2,999
   
Financing activities:
         
Proceeds from employee stock plans
   3,050   2,061 
Payment of contingent consideration obligations
   (46  (89
          
Net cash provided by financing activities
   3,004   1,972 
Effect of foreign exchange rates on cash
   (138  19 
          
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
   (34,331  (1,917
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
   161,742   84,668 
          
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
  $ 127,411  $ 82,751 
          
See accompanying notes.
 
-4-

VICOR CORPORATION
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
   
Class B
Common
Stock
   
Common
Stock
   
Additional
Paid-In

Capital
   
Retained
Earnings
  
Accumulated

Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
  
Treasury
Stock
  
Total

Vicor
Corporation
Stockholders’
Equity
  
Noncontrolling
Interest
  
Total
Equity
 
Three months ended March 31, 2021
             
Balance on December 31, 2020
  $ 118   $ 433   $ 328,392   $ 161,008  $ (204 $ (138,927 $ 350,820  $ 335  $ 351,155 
Issuance of Common Stock under employee stock plans
     2    3,048       3,050    3,050 
Stock-based compensation expense
       1,571       1,571    1,571 
Components of comprehensive income, net of tax:
             
Net income
         15,092     15,092   3   15,095 
Other comprehensive loss
          (369   (369  (20  (389
                      
Total comprehensive income (loss)
            14,723   (17  14,706 
                                        
Balance on March 31, 2021
  $118   $435   $333,011   $176,100  $ (573 $ (138,927 $370,164  $318  $370,482 
                                        
   
Class B
Common
Stock
   
Common
Stock
   
Additional
Paid-In

Capital
   
Retained
Earnings
  
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
  
Treasury
Stock
  
Total

Vicor
Corporation
Stockholders’
Equity
  
Noncontrolling
Interest
  
Total
Equity
 
Three months ended March 31, 2020
             
Balance on December 31, 2019
  $118   $405   $201,251   $143,098  $ (383 $ (138,927 $205,562  $308  $205,870 
Issuance of Common Stock under employee stock plans
     2    2,059       2,061    2,061 
Stock-based compensation expense
       710       710    710 
Components of comprehensive income, net of tax:
             
Net loss
         (1,735    (1,735  4   (1,731
Other comprehensive income
          83    83   4   87 
                      
Total comprehensive income (loss)
            (1,652  8   (1,644
                                        
Balance on March 31, 2020
  $118   $407   $204,020   $141,363  $ (300 $ (138,927 $206,681  $316  $206,997 
                                        
See accompanying notes.
 
-5-

VICOR CORPORATION
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
March 31, 2021
(unaudited)
1.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements of Vicor Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company”) have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Accordingly, these interim financial statements do not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements.
In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for any other interim period or the year ending December 31, 2021. The balance sheet at December 31, 2020 presented herein has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements. For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form
10-K
for the year ended December 31, 2020 filed by the Company with the SEC on March 1, 2021 (“2020 Form
10-K”).
2.
Inventories
Inventories are valued at the lower of cost (determined using the
first-in,
first-out
method) or net realizable value. Fixed production overhead is allocated to the inventory cost per unit based on the normal capacity of the production facilities. Abnormal production costs, including fixed cost variances from normal production capacity, if any, are charged to cost of revenues in the period incurred. All shipping, handling and customs (e.g., tariff) costs incurred in connection with the sale of products are included in cost of revenues.
Inventory that is estimated to be excess, obsolete or unmarketable is written down to net realizable value. The Company’s estimation process for assessing net realizable value is based upon management’s estimate of expected future utility which is derived based on backlog, historical consumption and expected market conditions. If the Company’s estimated demand and/or market expectation were to change or if product sales were to decline, the Company’s estimation process may cause larger inventory reserves to be recorded, resulting in larger charges to cost of revenues.
Inventories were as follows (in thousands):
 
   March 31, 2021   December 31, 2020 
Raw materials
  $39,924   $42,556 
Work-in-process
   9,271    7,424 
Finished goods
   5,061    7,289 
           
   $54,256   $57,269 
           
3.
Short-Term and Long-Term Investments
As of March 31, 2021, the Company held $95,719,000 of short-term investments, consisting of obligations of the U.S. Treasury, all of which were debt securities with original maturities greater than three months but less than one year at the time of purchase.
As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company held one auction rate security with a par value of $3,000,000, purchased through and held in custody by a broker-dealer affiliate of Bank of America, N.A., that has experienced failed auctions (the “Failed Auction Security”) since February 2008. The Failed Auction Security held by the Company is Aaa/AA+ rated by major credit rating agencies, is collateralized by student loans, and is guaranteed by the U.S. Department of Education under the Federal Family Education Loan Program. Management is not aware of any reason to believe the issuer of the Failed Auction
 
-6-

VICOR CORPORATION
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
March 31, 2021
(unaudited)
 
Security is presently at risk of default. Through March 31, 2021, the Company has continued to receive interest payments on the Failed Auction Security in accordance with the terms of its indenture. Management believes the Company ultimately should be able to liquidate the Failed Auction Security without significant loss primarily due to the overall quality of the issue held and the collateral securing the substantial majority of the underlying obligation. However, current conditions in the auction rate securities market have led management to conclude the recovery period for the Failed Auction Security exceeds 12 months. As a result, the Company continued to classify the Failed Auction Security as long-term as of March 31, 2021.
Details of our investments are as follows (in thousands):
 
   
March 31, 2021
 
   
Cash and
Cash
Equivalents
   
Short-Term
Investments
   
Long-Term
Investments
 
Measured at fair value:
               
Available-for-sale
debt securities:
               
Money Market Funds
  $43,728   $—     $—   
U.S. Treasury Obligations
   —      95,719    —   
Failed Auction Security
   —      —      2,541 
                
Total
   43,728    95,719    2,541 
    
Other measurement basis:
               
Cash on hand
   83,683    —      —   
                
Total
  $127,411   $95,719   $2,541 
                
  
   
December 31, 2020
 
   
Cash and
Cash
Equivalents
   
Short-Term
Investments
   
Long-Term
Investments
 
Measured at fair value:
               
Available-for-sale
debt securities:
               
Money Market Funds
  $69,493   $—     $—   
U.S. Treasury Obligations
   19,998    50,166    —   
Failed Auction Security
   —      —      2,517 
                
Total
   89,491    50,166    2,517 
    
Other measurement basis:
               
Cash on hand
   72,251    —      —   
                
Total
  $161,742   $50,166   $2,517 
                
 
-7-

VICOR CORPORATION
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
March 31, 2021
(unaudited)
 
The following is a summary of the
available-for-sale
securities (in thousands):
 
March 31, 2021
  Cost   Gross
Unrealized
Gains
   Gross
Unrealized
Losses
   Estimated
Fair
Value
 
U.S. Treasury Obligations
  $95,716   $3   $—     $95,719 
Failed Auction Security
   3,000    —      459    2,541 
                     
     
December 31, 2020
  Cost   Gross
Unrealized
Gains
   Gross
Unrealized
Losses
   Estimated
Fair
Value
 
U.S. Treasury Obligations
  $70,172   $ —     $8   $70,164 
Failed Auction Security
   3,000    —      483    2,517 
                     
As of March 31, 2021, the Failed Auction Security had been in an unrealized loss position for greater than 12 months.
The amortized cost and estimated fair value of the
available-for-sale
securities on March 31, 2021, by type and
contractual maturities, are shown below (in thousands):
 
   Cost   Estimated
Fair Value
 
U.S. Treasury Obligations:
          
   
Maturities greater than three months but less than one year
  $95,716   $95,719 
           
   $95,716   $95,719 
           
   
   Cost   Estimated
Fair Value
 
Failed Auction Security:
          
   
Due in twenty to forty years
  $3,000   $2,541 
           
Based on the fair value measurements described in Note 4, the fair value of the Failed Auction Security on March 31, 2021, with a par value of $3,000,000, was estimated by the Company to be approximately $2,541,000. The gross unrealized loss of $459,000 on the Failed Auction Security consists of two types of estimated loss: an aggregate credit loss of $32,000 and an aggregate temporary impairment of $427,000. In determining the amount of credit loss, the Company compared the present value of cash flows expected to be collected to the amortized cost basis of the security, considering credit default risk probabilities and changes in credit ratings as significant inputs, among other factors.
 
-8-

VICOR CORPORATION
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
March 31, 2021
(unaudited)
 
The following table represents a rollforward of the activity related to the credit loss recognized in earnings on the Failed Auction Security for the three months ended March 31 (in thousands):
 
   2021   2020 
Balance at the beginning of the period
  $33   $37 
Reductions in the amount related to credit gain for which other-than- temporary impairment was not previously recognized
   (1   (1
           
Balance at the end of the period
  $32   $36 
           
At this time, the Company has no intent to sell the impaired Failed Auction Security and does not believe it is more likely than not the Company will be required to sell this security. If current market conditions deteriorate further, the Company may be required to record additional unrealized losses. If the credit rating of the security deteriorates, the Company may be required to adjust the carrying value of the investment through impairment charges recorded in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations, and any such impairment adjustments may be material.
Based on the Company’s ability to access cash and cash equivalents, its short-term investments and its expected operating cash flows, management does not anticipate the current lack of liquidity associated with the Failed Auction Security held will affect the Company’s ability to execute its current operating plan.
4.
Fair Value Measurements
The Company accounts for certain financial assets at fair value, defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability (i.e., an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. As such, fair value is a market-based measurement that should be determined based on assumptions market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability. A three-level hierarchy is used to show the extent and level of judgment used to estimate fair value measurements.
Assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis included the following as of March 31, 2021 (in thousands):
 
   Using     
   Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets
(Level 1)
   Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
   Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
   Total Fair
Value as of
March 31, 2021
 
Cash equivalents:
                    
Money market funds
  $43,728   $—     $—     $43,728 
Short-term investments:
                    
U.S. Treasury Obligations
   95,719    —      —      95,719 
Long-term investment:
                    
Failed Auction Security
   —      —      2,541    2,541 
Liabilities:
                    
Contingent consideration obligations
   —      —      (181   (181
 
-9-

VICOR CORPORATION
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
March 31, 2021
(unaudited)
 
Assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis included the following as of December 31, 2020 (in thousands):
 
   Using     
   Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets
(Level 1)
   Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
   Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
   Total Fair
Value as of
December 31, 2020
 
Cash equivalents:
                    
Money market funds
  $69,493   $—     $—     $69,493 
U.S. Treasury Obligations
   19,998    —      —      19,998 
Short-term investments:
                    
U.S. Treasury Obligations
   50,166    —      —      50,166 
Long-term investment:
                    
Failed Auction Security
   —      —      2,517    2,517 
Liabilities:
                     
Contingent consideration obligations
   —      —      (227   (227
As of March 31, 2021, there was insufficient observable auction rate security market information available to determine the fair value of the Failed Auction Security using Level 1 or Level 2 inputs. As such, the Company’s investment in the Failed Auction Security was deemed to require valuation using Level 3 inputs. Management, after consulting with advisors, valued the Failed Auction Security using analyses and pricing models similar to those used by market participants (i.e., buyers, sellers, and the broker-dealers responsible for execution of the Dutch auction pricing mechanism by which each issue’s interest rate was set). Management utilized a probability weighted discounted cash flow (“DCF”) model to determine the estimated fair value of this security as of March 31, 2021. The major assumptions used in preparing the DCF model were similar to those described in Note 5 - Fair Value Measurements in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements contained in the Company’s 2020 Form
10-K.
Quantitative information about Level 3 fair value measurements as of March 31, 2021 is as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
   Fair Value   Valuation
Technique
   
Unobservable
Input
  Weighted
Average
 
Failed Auction Security
  $2,541    Discounted cash flow   Cumulative probability of earning the maximum rate until maturity   0.14
             Cumulative probability of principal return prior to maturity   93.95
             Cumulative probability of default   5.91
             Liquidity risk premium   5.00
             Recovery rate in default   40.00
 
-10-

VICOR CORPORATION
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
March 31, 2021
(unaudited)
 
The change in the estimated fair value calculated for the investment valued on a recurring basis utilizing Level 3 inputs (i.e., the Failed Auction Security) for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was as follows (in thousands):
 
Balance at the beginning of the period
  $2,517 
Credit gain on
available-for-sale
security included in Other income (expense), net
   1 
Gain included in Other comprehensive income
   23 
      
Balance at the end of the period
  $2,541 
      
The Company has classified its contingent consideration obligations as Level 3 because the fair value for these liabilities was determined using unobservable inputs. The liabilities were based on estimated sales of legacy products over the period of royalty payments at the royalty rate, discounted using the Company’s estimated cost of capital.
The change in the estimated fair value calculated for the liabilities valued on a recurring basis utilizing Level 3 inputs (i.e., the Contingent consideration obligations) for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was as follows (in thousands):
 
Balance at the beginning of the period
  $227 
Payments
   (46
      
Balance at the end of the period
  $181 
      
There were no transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy during the three months ended March 31, 2021.
 
-11-

VICOR CORPORATION
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
March 31, 2021
(unaudited)
 
5.
Revenues
The following tables present the Company’s net revenues disaggregated by geography based on the location of the customer, by product line (in thousands):
 
   Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 
   Brick Products   Advanced Products   Total 
United States
  $18,583   $8,549   $27,132 
Europe
   8,196    995    9,191 
Asia Pacific
   27,328    24,653    51,981 
All other
   352    140    492 
                
   $54,459   $34,337   $88,796 
                
  
   Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 
   Brick Products   Advanced Products   Total 
United States
  $25,970   $7,597   $33,567 
Europe
   4,568    879    5,447 
Asia Pacific
   13,656    9,376    23,032 
All other
   1,323    32    1,355 
                
   $45,517   $17,884   $63,401 
                
 
-12-

VICOR CORPORATION
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
March 31, 2021
(unaudited)
 
The following tables present the Company’s net revenues disaggregated by the category of revenue, by product line (in thousands):
 
   Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 
   Brick Products   Advanced Products   Total 
Direct customers, contract manufacturers and
non-stocking
distributors
  $43,808 
 
  29,057 
 
  72,865 
 
Stocking distributors, net of sales allowances
   10,547    4,138    14,685 
Non-recurring
engineering
   104    1,071    1,175 
Royalties
   —      53    53 
Other
   —      18    18 
                
   $54,459   $34,337   $88,796 
                
  
   Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 
   Brick Products   Advanced Products   Total 
Direct customers, contract manufacturers and
non-stocking
distributors
  $35,739   $14,767   $50,506 
Stocking distributors, net of sales allowances
   9,622    3,062    12,684 
Non-recurring
engineering
   156    37    193 
Other
   —      18    18 
                
   $45,517   $17,884   $63,401 
                
The following table presents the changes in certain contract assets and (liabilities) (in thousands):
 
   March 31, 2021   December 31,
2020
   Change 
Accounts receivable
  $47,697   $40,999   $6,698 
Short-term deferred revenue and customer prepayments
   (6,008   (7,309   1,301 
Long-term deferred revenue
   (653   (733   80 
Deferred expenses
   1,726    1,650    76 
Sales allowances
   (1,253   (597   (656
The increase in accounts receivable was primarily due to an increase in net revenues of approximately $5,308,000 in March 2021 compared to December 2020.
 
-13-

VICOR CORPORATION
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
March 31, 2021
(unaudited)
 
Deferred expenses are included in Other current assets in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
The Company records deferred revenue, which represents a contract liability, when cash payments are received or due in advance of performance under a contract with a customer. The Company recognized revenue of approximately $671,000 and $36,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, that was included in deferred revenue at the beginning of
the
respective period.
6.
Stock-Based Compensation
The Company uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model to calculate the fair value of stock option awards, whether they possess time-based vesting provisions or performance-based vesting provisions, and awards granted under the Vicor Corporation 2017 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”), as of their grant date. Stock-based compensation expense was as follows (in thousands):
 
   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2021   2020 
Cost of revenues
  $228   $119 
Selling, general and administrative
   853    437 
Research and development
   490    154 
           
Total stock-based compensation
  $1,571   $710 
           
Compensation expense by type of award was as follows (in thousands):
 
   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2021   2020 
Stock options
  $1,331   $506 
ESPP
   240    204 
           
Total stock-based compensation
  $1,571   $710 
           
The increase in stock option compensation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020, was primarily due to an increase in the number of stock options granted and higher stock-based compensation expense associated with June 2020 stock option awards.
7.
Rental Income
Income, net under the Company’s operating lease agreement, for its owned facility leased to a third party in California, was approximately $198,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.
 
-14-

VICOR CORPORATION
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
March 31, 2021
(unaudited)
 
8.
Income Taxes
The tax benefit is based on the estimated annual effective tax rate for the year, which includes estimated federal, state and foreign income taxes on the Company’s projected
pre-tax
income.
The benefit for income taxes and the effective income tax rates were as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2021  2020 
Benefit for income taxes
  $(143 $(494
Effective income tax rate
   (1.0)%   (22.2)% 
The effective tax rates were lower than the statutory tax rates for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 primarily due to the Company’s full valuation allowance position against domestic deferred tax assets. The benefit for income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 included estimated foreign income taxes and estimated state taxes in jurisdictions in which the Company does not have sufficient net operating loss carryforwards.
As of March 31, 2021, the Company had a valuation allowance of approximately $37,856,000 against all net domestic deferred tax assets, for which realization cannot be considered more likely than not at this time. Management assesses the need for the valuation allowance on a quarterly basis. In assessing the need for a valuation allowance, the Company considers all positive and negative evidence, including scheduled reversals of deferred tax liabilities, projected future taxable income, tax planning strategies, and past financial performance. While recent positive operating results, as a result of increases in bookings, caused the Company to be in a cumulative income position as of March 31, 2021, the Company faces uncertainties in forecasting its operating results due to the continued impact of the
COVID-19
pandemic on the Company’s supply chain, certain process issues with the production of Advanced Products and the unpredictability in certain markets. This operating uncertainty also makes it difficult to predict the availability and utilization of tax benefits over the next several years. As a result, management has concluded, at this time, it is more likely than not the Company’s net domestic deferred tax assets will not be realized, and a full valuation allowance against all net domestic deferred tax assets was still warranted as of March 31, 2021. The valuation allowance against these deferred tax assets may require adjustment in the future based on changes in the mix of temporary differences, changes in tax laws, and operating performance. If the positive quarterly earnings and increases in bookings continue, and the Company’s concerns about industry uncertainty and world events, including the impact of the
COVID-19
pandemic on the Company’s supply chain, and process issues with the production of Advanced Products are resolved, and the amount of tax benefits the Company is able to utilize to the point that the Company believes future taxable income can be more reliably forecasted, the Company may release all or a portion of the valuation allowance in the near-term. Certain state tax credits, though, will likely never be released by the valuation allowance. If and when the Company determines the valuation allowance should be released (i.e., reduced), the adjustment would result in a tax benefit reported in that period’s Consolidated Statements of Operations, the effect of which would be an increase in reported net income.
 
-15-

VICOR CORPORATION
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
March 31, 2021
(unaudited)
 
9.
Net Income (Loss) per Share
The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted net income (loss) per share (in thousands, except per share amounts):
 
   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2021   2020 
Numerator:
    
Net income (loss) attributable to Vicor Corporation
  $15,092   $(1,735
          
Denominator:
    
Denominator for basic net income per share-weighted average shares (1)
   43,455    40,635 
Effect of dilutive securities:
    
Employee stock options (2)
   1,386    —   
          
Denominator for diluted net income per share – adjusted weighted-average shares and assumed conversions
   44,841    40,635 
          
Basic net income (loss) per share
  $0.35   $(0.04
          
Diluted net income (loss) per share
  $0.34   $(0.04
          
 
(1)
Denominator represents weighted average number of shares of Common Stock and Class B Common Stock outstanding.
(2)
Options to purchase 40,339 and 2,615,335 shares of Common Stock for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, were not included in the calculations of net income per share as the effect would have been antidilutive.
10.
Commitments and Contingencies
At March 31, 2021, the Company had approximately $11,457,000 of capital expenditure commitments, principally for manufacturing equipment. In addition to these commitments, the Company had, in the aggregate, approximately $38,000,000 of remaining budgeted capital expenditures in 2021 associated with the construction of a 90,000 sq. ft. addition to the Company’s existing manufacturing facility and the installation of new production equipment.
The Company is the defendant in a patent infringement lawsuit originally filed on January 28, 2011 by SynQor, Inc. (“SynQor”) in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Texas (the “Texas Action”). The complaint, as amended, alleges that the Company’s products, including but not limited to, unregulated bus converters used in intermediate bus architecture power supply systems, infringe SynQor’s U.S. patent numbers 7,072,190, 7,272,021, 7,564,702, and 8,023,290 (“the ‘190 patent”, “the ‘021 patent”, “the ‘702 patent”, and “the ‘290 patent”, respectively). SynQor’s complaint sought an injunction against further infringement and an award of unspecified compensatory and enhanced damages, interest, costs and attorney fees. The Company has denied that its products infringe any of the SynQor patents, and has asserted that the SynQor patents are invalid and/or unenforceable. The Company has also asserted counterclaims seeking damages from SynQor for deceptive trade practices and tortious interference with prospective economic advantage arising from SynQor’s attempted enforcement of its patents against the Company.
 
-16-

VICOR CORPORATION
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
March 31, 2021
(unaudited)
 
On May 23, 2016, after extensive discovery, the Texas Action was stayed by the court pending completion of certain inter partes reexamination (“IPRx”) proceedings at the United States Patent and Trademark Office (“USPTO”) (including any appeals from such proceedings to the Federal Circuit (as defined below)) concerning the SynQor patents, which are described below. That stay remains in force. On March 17, 2021, SynQor filed a motion to lift the stay in the Texas Action. The Company has opposed that motion, which remains pending.
In 2011, in response to the filing of the Texas Action, the Company initiated IPRx proceedings at the USPTO challenging the validity of all claims that were asserted against the Company by SynQor. The current status of these proceedings is as follows. Regarding the ‘190 patent IPRx, the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (the “Federal Circuit”) issued a decision on March 13, 2015, determining that certain claims were invalid and remanding the matter to the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (“PTAB”) of the USPTO for further proceedings. On February 20, 2019, the PTAB issued a decision finding that all of the remaining challenged claims were unpatentable. SynQor appealed that decision. On February 22, 2021, the Federal Circuit issued a decision in that appeal. In a
2-1
ruling, the Federal Circuit vacated and remanded the PTAB’s decision, finding that the reasoning the PTAB had relied on in reaching its decision was precluded by certain prior PTAB rulings regarding the ‘290 and ‘702 patents. On April 7, 2021, the Company filed a petition for panel rehearing and rehearing
en banc
of the Federal Circuit’s February 22, 2021 decision.
On August 30, 2017, the Federal Circuit issued rulings with regard to the IPRx proceedings for the ’021, ‘702 and ‘290 patents. With respect to the ‘021 patent, the Federal Circuit affirmed the PTAB’s determination that all of the challenged claims of the ‘021 patent were invalid. The Federal Circuit remanded the case to the PTAB for further consideration of the patentability of certain claims that had been added by amendment during the reexamination. On February 20, 2019, the PTAB issued a decision affirming the examiner’s rejections of all challenged claims. SynQor has filed an appeal of that decision in the Federal Circuit. That appeal has been stayed pending resolution of the pending appeal regarding the ‘190 patent IPRx. With respect to the ‘702 patent, the Federal Circuit affirmed the PTAB’s determination that all of the challenged claims of the ‘702 patent were patentable. With respect to the ‘290 patent, the Federal Circuit vacated the PTAB’s decision upholding the patentability of the ‘290 patent claims, and remanded the case to the PTAB for further consideration. On February 20, 2019, the PTAB issued a decision reversing its prior affirmance of the examiner’s
non-adoption
of rejections with respect to the ‘290 patent, and entering rejections of all of the claims of the ‘290 patent. On May 20, 2019, as permitted by USPTO rules, SynQor requested the USPTO to reopen prosecution of this proceeding to address the new rejections made by the PTAB. On September 28, 2020, the examiner issued a decision reaffirming the PTAB’s rejection of all of the claims of the ‘290 patent. On March 18, 2021, SynQor appealed this decision to the PTAB, which appeal remains pending.
On October 31, 2017, the Company filed a request with the USPTO for ex parte reexamination (“EPRx”) of the asserted claims of the ‘702 patent, based on different prior art references than had been at issue in the previous IPRx of the ‘702 patent. On August 6, 2018, the Company filed a similar request with the USPTO for EPRx of the asserted claims of the ‘190 patent, based on different prior art references than had been at issue in the previous IPRx of the ‘190 patent. On December 18, 2020, the PTAB issued rulings upholding the validity of the asserted claims in the EPRx proceedings for both the ‘702 and ‘190 patents. Accordingly, both of those proceedings are now terminated.
On January 23, 2018, the
20-year
terms of the ‘190 patent, the ‘021 patent, the ‘702 patent and the ‘290 patent expired. As a consequence of these expirations, the Company cannot be liable under any of the SynQor patents for allegedly infringing activities occurring after that date. In addition, any amended claims that may issue as a result of any of the still-pending reexamination proceedings will have no effective term and cannot be the basis for any liability by the Company.
The Company continues to believe none of its products, including its unregulated bus converters, infringe any valid claim of the asserted SynQor patents, either alone or when used in an intermediate bus architecture implementation. The Company believes SynQor’s claims lack merit and, therefore, it continues to vigorously defend itself against SynQor’s patent infringement allegations. The Company does not believe a loss is probable for this matter. If a loss were to be incurred, however, the Company cannot estimate the amount of possible loss or range of possible loss at this time.
 
-17-

VICOR CORPORATION
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
March 31, 2021
(unaudited)
 
In addition to the SynQor matter, the Company is involved in certain other litigation and claims incidental to the conduct of its business. While the outcome of lawsuits and claims against the Company cannot be predicted with certainty, management does not expect any current litigation or claims will have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.
11.
Impact of Recently Issued Accounting Standards
In December 2019, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued guidance designed to simplify the accounting for income taxes by eliminating certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740, Income Taxes, and also improve consistent application of and simplify U.S. GAAP for other areas of Topic 740 by clarifying and amending existing guidance. This new guidance was effective for the Company for its fiscal year beginning after December 15, 2020, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted the new guidance as of January 1, 2021. The adoption did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and disclosures.
Other new pronouncements issued but not effective until after March 31, 2021 are not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
 
-18-

VICOR CORPORATION
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of
Financial Condition and Results of Operation
March 31, 2021
 
Item 2 — Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
The Company’s consolidated operating results are affected by a wide variety of factors that could materially and adversely affect revenues and profitability, including the risk factors described in the Company’s Annual Report on Form
10-K
for the year ended December 31, 2020. As a result of these and other factors, the Company may experience material fluctuations in future operating results on a quarterly or annual basis, which could materially and adversely affect its business, consolidated financial condition, and operating results, and the share price of its Common Stock. This document and other documents filed by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) include forward-looking statements regarding future events and the Company’s future results that are subject to the safe harbor afforded under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and other safe harbors afforded under the Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. All statements other than statements of historical fact are statements that could be deemed forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are based on our current beliefs, expectations, estimates, forecasts, and projections for the future performance of the Company and are subject to risks and uncertainties. Forward-looking statements are identified by the use of words denoting uncertain, future events, such as “anticipate,” “assume,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “future,” “goal,” “if,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “potential,” “project,” “prospective,” “seek,” “should,” “target,” “will,” or “would,” as well as similar words and phrases, including the negatives of these terms, or other variations thereof. Forward-looking statements also include, but are not limited to, statements regarding: our expectations that the Company has adequate resources to respond to financial and operational risks associated with the novel coronavirus
“COVID-19,”
and our ability to effectively conduct business during the pandemic; our ongoing development of power conversion architectures, switching topologies, materials, packaging, and products; the ongoing transition of our business strategically, organizationally, and operationally from serving a large number of relatively
low-volume
customers across diversified markets and geographies to serving a small number of relatively large volume customers; our intent to enter new market segments; the levels of customer orders overall and, in particular, from large customers and the delivery lead times associated therewith; anticipated new and existing customer wins; the financial and operational impact of customer changes to shipping schedules; the derivation of a portion of our sales in
each
quarter from orders booked in the same quarter; our intent to expand the percentage of revenue associated with licensing our intellectual property to third parties; our plans to invest in expanded manufacturing capacity, including the expansion of our Andover facility and the introduction of new manufacturing processes, and the timing, location, and funding thereof; our belief that cash generated from operations together with our available cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments will be sufficient to fund planned operational needs, capital equipment purchases, and planned construction, for the foreseeable future; our outlook regarding tariffs and the impact thereof on our business; our belief that we have limited exposure to currency risks; our intentions regarding the declaration and payment of cash dividends; our intentions regarding protecting our rights under our patents; and our expectation that no current litigation or claims will have a material adverse impact on our financial position or results of operations. These forward-looking statements are based upon our current expectations and estimates associated with prospective events and circumstances that may or may not be within our control and as to which there can be no assurance. Actual results could differ materially from those implied by forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including but not limited to those described above, as well as those described in the Company’s Annual Report on Form
10-K
for the year ended December 31, 2020 under Part I, Item 1 — “Business,” under Part I, Item 1A — “Risk Factors,” under Part I, Item 3 — “Legal Proceedings,” and under Part II, Item 7 — “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and those described in this Quarterly Report on Form
10-Q,
particularly under Part I, Item 2 – “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” The discussion of our business contained herein, including the identification and assessment of factors that may influence actual results, may not be exhaustive. Therefore, the information presented should be read together with other documents we file with the SEC from time to time, including our Annual Reports on Form
10-K,
our Quarterly Reports on Form
10-Q
and our Current Reports on Form
8-K,
which may supplement, modify, supersede, or update the factors discussed in this Quarterly Report on Form
10-Q.
Any forward-looking statement made in this Quarterly Report on Form
10-Q
is based on information currently available to us and speaks only as of the date on which it is made. We do not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statements as a result of future events or developments, except as required by law.
 
-19-

VICOR CORPORATION
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of
Financial Condition and Results of Operation
March 31, 2021
 
Overview
We design, develop, manufacture, and market modular power components and power systems for converting electrical power for use in electrically-powered devices. Our competitive position is supported by innovations in product design and achievements in product performance, largely enabled by our focus on the research and development of advanced technologies and processes, often implemented in proprietary semiconductor circuitry, materials, and packaging. Many of our products incorporate patented or proprietary implementations of high-frequency switching topologies enabling power system solutions that are more efficient and much smaller than conventional alternatives. Our strategy emphasizes demonstrable product differentiation and a value proposition based on competitively superior solution performance, advantageous design flexibility, and a compelling total cost of ownership. While we offer a wide range of alternating current (“AC”) and direct current (“DC”) power conversion products, we consider our core competencies to be associated with 48V DC distribution, which offers numerous inherent cost and performance advantages over lower distribution voltages. However, we also offer products addressing other DC voltage standards (e.g., 380V for power distribution in data centers, 110V for rail applications, 28V for military and avionics applications, and 24V for industrial automation).
Based on design, performance, and form factor considerations, as well as the range of evolving applications for which our products are appropriate, we categorize our product portfolios as either “Advanced Products” or “Brick Products.” The Advanced Products category consists of our more recently introduced products, which are largely used to implement our proprietary Factorized Power Architecture
(“FPA”), an innovative power distribution architecture enabling flexible, rapid power system design using individual components optimized to perform a specific conversion function.
The Brick Products category largely consists of our broad and well-established families of integrated power converters, incorporating multiple conversion stages, used in conventional power systems architectures. Given the growth profiles of the markets we serve with our Advanced Products line and our Brick Products line, our strategy involves a transition in organizational focus, emphasizing investment in our Advanced Products line and targeting high growth market segments with a
low-mix,
high-volume operational model, while maintaining a profitable business in the mature market segments we serve with our Brick Products line with a
high-mix,
low-volume
operational model.
The applications in which our Advanced Products and Brick Products are used are typically in the higher-performance, higher-power segments of the market segments we serve. With our Advanced Products, we generally serve large Original Equipment Manufacturers (“OEMs”), Original Design Manufacturers (“ODMs”), and their contract manufacturers, with sales currently concentrated in the data center and hyperscaler segments of enterprise computing, in which our products are used for voltage distribution on server motherboards, in server racks, and across datacenter infrastructure. We have established a leadership position in the emerging market segment for powering high-performance processors used for acceleration of applications associated with artificial intelligence (“AI”). Our customers in the AI market segment include the leading innovators in processor and accelerator design, as well as early adopters in cloud computing and high performance computing. We also target applications in aerospace and aviation, defense electronics, industrial automation, instrumentation, test equipment, solid state lighting, telecommunications and networking infrastructure, and vehicles (notably in the autonomous driving, electric vehicle, and hybrid vehicle niches of the vehicle segment). With our Brick Products, we generally serve a fragmented base of large and small customers, concentrated in aerospace and defense electronics, industrial automation, industrial equipment, instrumentation and test equipment, and transportation (notably in rail and heavy equipment applications). With our strategic emphasis on larger, high-volume customers, we expect to experience over time a greater concentration of sales among relatively fewer customers.
Our quarterly consolidated operating results can be difficult to forecast and have been subject to significant fluctuations. We plan our production and inventory levels based on management’s estimates of customer demand, customer forecasts, and other information sources. Customer forecasts, particularly those of OEM, ODM, and contract manufacturing customers to which we supply Advanced Products in high volumes, are subject to scheduling changes on short notice, contributing to operating inefficiencies and excess costs. In addition, external factors such as supply chain uncertainties, which are often associated with the cyclicality of the electronics industry, regional macroeconomic and trade-related circumstances, and
force majeure
events (most recently evidenced by the
COVID-19
pandemic), have caused our operating results to vary meaningfully. Our quarterly gross margin as a percentage of net revenues may vary, depending on production volumes, average selling prices, average unit costs, the mix of products sold during that quarter, and the level of importation of raw materials subject to tariffs. Our quarterly operating margin as a percentage of net revenues also may vary with changes in revenue and product level profitability, but our operating costs are largely associated with compensation and related employee costs, which are not subject to sudden or significant changes.
 
-20-

VICOR CORPORATION
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of
Financial Condition and Results of Operation
March 31, 2021
 
Impact of
COVID-19
Pandemic
On January 30, 2020, the World Health Organization designated the
COVID-19
outbreak a “Public Health Emergency of International Concern” (i.e., a health emergency requiring coordinated action by the governments of effected countries). On January 31, 2020, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services declared a public health emergency for the entire United States, thereby facilitating a nationwide public health response. On March 11, 2020,
COVID-19
was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization, an indication of its global severity. Governments worldwide have responded with measures intended to contain the further spread of
COVID-19,
including mandatory closures of businesses, schools, and organizations.
On March 23, 2020, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts ordered
non-essential
businesses closed and prohibited gatherings of more than 10 people, extending the Commonwealth’s emergency declaration made on March 10, 2020. Our headquarters and primary manufacturing facility are located in Massachusetts. However, the Company is designated as essential by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, given our role in supporting industrial sectors considered “critical infrastructure.” As such, we have continued to operate at, or close to, full manufacturing capacity, although there can be no assurance we will be able to continue to operate at such levels of manufacturing capacity.
Widespread uncertainty associated with the pandemic has contributed to reduced business activity worldwide. We experienced production constraints throughout 2020 that resulted in delays, inefficiencies, and higher costs, which, in the aggregate, had a detrimental influence on our financial results for the four quarters of 2020. While still present to a certain extent, these constraints had a reduced impact on our financial results for the first quarter of 2021. Given ongoing uncertainty, there is no assurance that our financial performance will not continue to be negatively influenced as a result of the pandemic.
Since early March 2020, we have taken actions intended to protect the health and safety of our employees, customers, business partners, and suppliers. Following guidance from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the U.S. Occupational Health and Safety Administration, state and local health authorities, and existing internal crisis management policies, we developed and implemented comprehensive health and safety measures at all of our locations, including: establishing a central response team; distributing information and carrying out education initiatives; implementing social distancing requirements, including the installation of transparent panels to physically separate individuals when in close proximity; distributing breathing masks, disposable gloves, disinfectant wipes, and thermometers to employees; implementing temperature checks at the entrances to our manufacturing facility; extensive and frequent disinfecting of our workspaces; modifying our meal services to minimize physical contact; enabling work-from-home arrangements for those employees who do not need to be physically on premises to perform their work effectively; and suspending travel. We expect to maintain these measures until we determine the pandemic is adequately contained for purposes of our business, and we may take further actions we consider to be in the best interests of our employees, customers, business partners, and suppliers, or in response to further government mandates or requirements.
As of the date of this report, while we have seen a small increase in cases again recently, cases are below the levels experienced in the December through January time frame, and absenteeism has declined since the December through January time frame. The productivity of our factory may be reduced if quarantine rates increase or if the number of employees diagnosed with
COVID-19
requires further implementation of restrictive health and safety measures, including factory closure. We continue to operate with three shifts in our factory, and, with few exceptions, our engineering, sales, and administrative personnel are working from the Company’s offices.
We are closely monitoring the operating performance and financial health of our customers, business partners, and suppliers, but an extended period of operational constraints brought about by the pandemic could cause financial hardship within our customer base and supply chain. Such hardship may continue to disrupt customer demand and limit our customers’ ability to meet their obligations to us. Similarly, such hardship within our supply chain could continue to restrict our access to raw materials or services. Additionally, restrictions or disruptions of transportation, such as reduced availability of cargo transport by ship or air, could result in higher costs and inbound and outbound delays. During 2020, we took steps to address certain supply chain risks, and we believe our actions mitigated those risks, particularly for the second half of the year; however, there are no assurances that those steps will continue to mitigate risks in 2021 and beyond.
 
-21-

VICOR CORPORATION
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of
Financial Condition and Results of Operation
March 31, 2021
 
Although there is uncertainty regarding the extent to which the pandemic will continue to impact our operational and financial results in the future, the Company’s high level of liquidity (supplemented by the approximately $109.7 million of net proceeds from the public offering of shares of our Common Stock during the second quarter of 2020), flexible operational model, existing raw material inventories, and increased use of second sources for critical manufacturing inputs together support management’s belief the Company will be able to effectively conduct business until the pandemic passes.
We are monitoring the rapidly changing circumstances, and may take additional actions to address
COVID-19
risks as they evolve. Because much of the potential negative impact of the pandemic is associated with risks outside of our control, we cannot estimate the extent of such impact on our financial or operational performance, or when such impact might occur.
Summary of First Quarter 2021 Financial Performance Compared to Fourth Quarter 2020 Financial Performance
The following summarizes our financial performance for the first quarter of 2021, compared to the fourth quarter of 2020:
 
  
Net revenues increased 5.3% to $88,796,000 for the first quarter of 2021, from $84,302,000 for the fourth quarter of 2020, as total bookings for the quarter increased 8.1% as compared to the fourth quarter of 2020, primarily due to a 17.5% increase in Brick Products bookings in the first quarter of 2021 compared to the fourth quarter of 2020. Advanced Products revenue rose 2.2% sequentially compared to the fourth quarter of 2020. This growth, though, was constrained by limited component availability due to global semiconductor supply allocation issues experienced during the quarter. Brick Products revenue rose 7.6% sequentially compared to the fourth quarter of 2020, reflecting a resumption of shipments to our European customers, after the pandemic-related trough of 2020, while shipments to Asian customers grew 18.5%.
 
  
Export sales represented approximately 69.4% of total net revenues in the first quarter of 2021 as compared to 63.9% in the fourth quarter of 2020. This increase reflects higher shipments for Advanced Products to both European and Asian customers.
 
  
Gross margin increased to $44,700,000 for the first quarter of 2021 from $40,451,000 for the fourth quarter of 2020, and gross margin, as a percentage of net revenues, increased to 50.3% for the first quarter of 2021 from 48.0% for the fourth quarter of 2020. Both the increase in gross margin dollars and gross margin percentage were primarily due to the increase in net revenues, improved efficiencies and cost variances, and lower tariff charges.
 
  
Backlog, which represents the total value of orders received for products for which shipment is scheduled within the next 12 months, was approximately $157,134,000 at the end of the first quarter of 2021, as compared to $147,550,000 at the end of the fourth quarter of 2020. The increase in backlog was primarily due to the increased bookings, discussed above.
 
  
Operating expenses for the first quarter of 2021 increased $1,134,000, or 3.9%, to $29,980,000 from $28,846,000 for the fourth quarter of 2020, due to increases in selling, general, and administrative expenses and research and development expenses of $827,000 and $307,000, respectively.
 
  
We reported net income for the first quarter of 2021 of $15,092,000, or $0.34 per diluted share, compared to net income of $11,193,000 or $0.25 per diluted share, for the fourth quarter of 2020.
 
  
For the first quarter of 2021, depreciation and amortization totaled $2,806,000, and capital additions totaled $9,264,000, as compared to depreciation and amortization of $2,881,000 and $11,816,000 of capital additions, for the fourth quarter of 2020.
 
  
Inventories decreased by approximately $3,013,000, or 5.3%, to $54,256,000 at March 31, 2021, compared to $57,269,000 at December 31, 2020.
 
-22-

VICOR CORPORATION
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of
Financial Condition and Results of Operation
March 31, 2021
 
Three Months Ended March
 31, 2021 Compared to Three Months Ended March
 31, 2020
Net revenues for the first quarter of 2021 were $88,796,000, an increase of $25,395,000, or 40.1%, as compared to $63,401,000 for the first quarter of 2020. Net revenues, by product line, for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 were as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
           Increase 
   2021   2020   $   % 
Brick Products
  $54,459   $45,517   $8,942    19.6
Advanced Products
   34,337    17,884    16,453    92.0
                     
Total
  $88,796   $63,401   $25,395    40.1
                     
Net revenues
from
Brick Products and Advanced Products increased 19.6%, and 92.0%, respectively, for the first quarter of 2021 as compared to the first quarter of 2020, primarily due to the recovery of Asian customers, notably in China, from the macroeconomic uncertainty of 2020 and the impact of the pandemic on shipments and bookings during the first quarter of 2020. The increases in net revenues for both product lines are also reflected in the bookings patterns of the first quarter of 2021. Total bookings for the first quarter of 2021 increased 41.2% from the first quarter of 2020, primarily due to an increase of Advanced Products and Brick Products bookings of 63.6% and 26.1%, respectively, for the first quarter of 2021 compared to the first quarter of 2020.
Gross margin for the first quarter of 2021 increased $17,369,000, or 63.6%, to $44,700,000, from $27,331,000 for the first quarter of 2020. Gross margin, as a percentage of net revenues, increased to 50.3% for the first quarter of 2021, compared to 43.1% for the first quarter of 2020. The increase in gross margin dollars and gross margin percentage was primarily due to the increase in net revenues, improved efficiencies and cost variances, and lower tariff charges.
 
-23-

VICOR CORPORATION
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of
Financial Condition and Results of Operation
March 31, 2021
 
Selling, general, and administrative expenses were $16,954,000 for the first quarter of 2021, an increase of $585,000, or 3.6%, from $16,369,000 for the first quarter of 2020. Selling, general, and administrative expenses as a percentage of net revenues decreased to 19.1% for the first quarter of 2021 from 25.8% for the first quarter of 2020, primarily due to the overall increase in net revenues. The components of the $585,000 increase in selling, general and administrative expenses for the first quarter of 2021 from the first quarter of 2020 were as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
   Increase (decrease) 
Compensation
  $1,005    9.8% (1) 
Bank fees
   79    68.3
Facilities allocations
   58    15.9
Travel expense
   (294   (56.9)% (2) 
Legal fees
   (322   (35.3)% (3) 
Other, net
   59    1.4
       
  $585    3.6
       
 
(1)
Increase primarily attributable to annual compensation adjustments in May 2020 and higher stock-based compensation expense associated with June 2020 stock option awards.
(2)
Decrease primarily attributable to reduced travel by our sales and marketing personnel, due to travel restrictions caused by the
COVID-19
pandemic.
(3)
Decrease attributable to higher expense in the first quarter of 2020 primarily due to the December 2019 ransomware incident.
 
-24-

VICOR CORPORATION
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of
Financial Condition and Results of Operation
March 31, 2021
 
Research and development expenses were $13,026,000 for the first quarter of 2021, a decrease of $309,000, or 2.3%, compared to $13,335,000 for the first quarter of 2020. As a percentage of net revenues, research and development expenses decreased to 14.7% for the first quarter of 2021 from 21.0% for the first quarter of 2020, primarily due to the overall increase in net revenues. The components of the $309,000 decrease in research and development expenses were as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
   Increase (decrease) 
Project and
pre-production
materials
  $(675   (26.5)% (1) 
Overhead absorption
   (307   (142.6)% (2) 
Facilities allocations
   143    24.7% (3) 
Compensation
   593    6.7% (4) 
Other, net
   (63   (4.1)% 
       
  $(309   (2.3)% 
       
 
(1)
Decrease primarily attributable to lower prototype development costs for Advanced Products.
(2)
Decrease primarily attributable to a decrease in research and development (“R&D”) personnel incurring time on production activities, compared to R&D activities.
(3)
Increase primarily attributable to an increase in utilities and building maintenance expenses.
(4)
Increase primarily attributable to annual compensation adjustments in May 2020 and higher stock-based compensation expense associated with June 2020 stock option awards.
The significant components of “Other income (expense), net” for the three months ended March 31, and the changes between the periods were as follows (in thousands):
 
   2021   2020   Increase
(decrease)
 
Rental income
  $198   $198   $—   
Interest income
   193    53    140 
Foreign currency losses, net
   (163   (121   (42
Other, net
   4    18    (14
               
  $232   $148   $84 
               
Our exposure to market risk fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates relates to the operations of Vicor Japan Company, Ltd. (“VJCL”), for which the functional currency is the Japanese Yen, and all other subsidiaries in Europe and Asia, for which the functional currency is the U.S. Dollar. These other subsidiaries in Europe and Asia have experienced more unfavorable foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations in the first quarter of 2021 compared to the first quarter of 2020. Interest income increased due to an increase in interest bearing investments in the first quarter of 2021 compared to the first quarter of 2020, due to the net proceeds of approximately $109.7 million from our underwritten public offering of our Common Stock completed in June 2020.
Income (loss) before income taxes was $14,952,000 for the first quarter of 2021, as compared to $(2,225,000) for the first quarter of 2020.
 
-25-

VICOR CORPORATION
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of
Financial Condition and Results of Operation
March 31, 2021
 
The benefit for income taxes and the effective income tax rates for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 were as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
   2021  
2020
 
Benefit for income taxes
  $(143 $(494
Effective income tax rate
   (1.0)%   (22.2)% 
The effective tax rates were lower than the statutory tax rates for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 primarily due to the Company’s full valuation allowance position against domestic deferred tax assets. The benefit for income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 included estimated foreign income taxes and estimated state taxes in jurisdictions in which the Company does not have sufficient net operating loss carryforwards.
See Note 8 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for disclosure regarding our current assessment of the valuation allowance against all domestic deferred tax assets, and the possible release (i.e., reduction) of the allowance in the future.
We reported net income for the first quarter of 2021 of $15,092,000, or $0.34 per diluted share, compared to net loss of $(1,735,000), or $(0.04) per share, for the first quarter of 2020.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
As of March 31, 2021, we had $127,411,000 in cash and cash equivalents and $95,719,000 of highly liquid short-term investments. The ratio of total current assets to total current liabilities was 7.7:1 as of March 31, 2021 and 7.8:1 as of December 31, 2020. Working capital, defined as total current assets less total current liabilities, increased $12,740,000 to $289,159,000 as of March 31, 2021 from $276,419,000 as of December 31, 2020.
The changes in working capital from December 31, 2020 to March 31, 2021 were as follows (in thousands):
 
   Increase
(decrease)
 
Cash and cash equivalents
  $(34,331
Short-term investments
   45,553 
Accounts receivable
   6,698 
Inventories, net
   (3,013
Other current assets
   198 
Accounts payable
   (2,244
Accrued compensation and benefits
   (391
Accrued expenses
   (529
Sales allowances
   (656
Short-term lease liabilities
   58 
Income taxes payable
   96 
Short-term deferred revenue
 and customer prepayments
   1,301 
      
   $12,740 
      
 
-26-

VICOR CORPORATION
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of
Financial Condition and Results of Operation
March 31, 2021
 
The primary sources of cash for the three months ended March 31, 2021 were $17,773,000 of cash generated through operating activities, $5,000,000 from the sale or maturities of short-term investments and $3,050,000 of cash received in connection with the exercise of options to purchase our Common Stock awarded under our stock option plans and the issuance of Common Stock under our 2017 Employee Stock Purchase Plan. The primary uses of cash during the three months ended March 31, 2021 were $50,706,000 for the purchases of short-term investments and $9,264,000 for the purchase of property and equipment.
In November 2000, our Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $30,000,000 of our Common Stock (the “November 2000 Plan”). The November 2000 Plan authorizes us to make such repurchases from time to time in the open market or through privately negotiated transactions. The timing and amounts of Common Stock repurchases are at the discretion of management based on its view of economic and financial market conditions. We did not repurchase shares of Common Stock under the November 2000 Plan during the three months ended March 31, 2021. As of March 31, 2021, we had approximately $8,541,000 remaining available for repurchases of our Common Stock under the November 2000 Plan.
As of March 31, 2021, we had approximately $11,457,000 of capital expenditure commitments, principally for manufacturing equipment, which we intend to fund with existing cash. In addition to these commitments, we had, in aggregate, approximately $38,000,000 of remaining budgeted capital expenditures in 2021 associated with the construction of a 90,000 sq. ft. addition to the Company’s existing manufacturing facility and the installation of new production equipment. Our primary needs for liquidity are for making continuing investments in manufacturing equipment and for funding the construction of the additional manufacturing space adjoining our existing Andover manufacturing facility, noted above, including architectural and construction costs. We believe cash generated from operations together with our available cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments will be sufficient to fund planned operational needs, capital equipment purchases, and the planned construction, for the foreseeable future.
 
-27-

Vicor Corporation
March 31, 2021
 
Item 3 — Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
We are exposed to a variety of market risks, including changes in interest rates affecting the return on our cash and cash equivalents, our short-term investments and fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. As our cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments consist principally of cash accounts, money market securities, and U.S. Treasury securities, which are short-term in nature, we believe our exposure to market risk on interest rate fluctuations for these investments is not significant. As of March 31, 2021, our long-term investment portfolio, recorded on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as “Long-term investments, net”, consisted of a single auction rate security with a par value of $3,000,000, purchased through and held in custody by a broker-dealer affiliate of Bank of America, N.A., that has experienced failed auctions (the “Failed Auction Security”) since February 2008. While the Failed Auction Security is Aaa/AA+ rated by major credit rating agencies, collateralized by student loans and guaranteed by the U.S. Department of Education under the Federal Family Education Loan Program, continued failure to sell at its periodic auction dates (i.e., reset dates) could negatively impact the carrying value of the investment, in turn leading to impairment charges in future periods. Periodic changes in the fair value of the Failed Auction Security attributable to credit loss (i.e., risk of the issuer’s default) are recorded through earnings as a component of “Other income (expense), net”, with the remainder of any periodic change in fair value not related to credit loss (i.e., temporary
“mark-to-market”
carrying value adjustments) recorded in “Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income”, a component of Stockholders’ Equity. Should we conclude a decline in the fair value of the Failed Auction Security is other than temporary, such losses would be recorded through earnings as a component of “Other income (expense), net”. We do not believe there was an “other-than-temporary” decline in value in this security as of March 31, 2021.
Our exposure to market risk for fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates relates to the operations of VJCL, for which the functional currency is the Japanese Yen, and changes in the relative value of the Yen to the U.S. Dollar. The functional currency of all other subsidiaries in Europe and other subsidiaries in Asia is the U.S. Dollar. While we believe the risk of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates for these subsidiaries is generally not significant, they can be subject to substantial currency changes, and therefore foreign exchange exposures.
Item 4 — Controls and Procedures
 
(a)
Disclosure regarding controls and procedures.
As required by
Rule 13a-15
under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) (who is our principal executive officer) and Interim Principal Financial Officer (“IPFO”) (who is our principal financial officer), conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the last fiscal quarter (i.e., March 31, 2021). The term “disclosure controls and procedures,” as defined in
Rules 13a-15(e)
and
15d-15(e)
under the Exchange Act, means controls and other procedures of a company that are designed to ensure information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the company’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Management recognizes any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives and management necessarily applies its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures. Based on the evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of March 31, 2021, our CEO and IPFO concluded, as of such date, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level.
A control system, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the control system’s objectives will be met. Accordingly, management, including the CEO and IPFO, recognizes our disclosure controls or our internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect all errors and all fraud. The design of a control system must reflect the fact there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Further, because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance misstatements due to error or fraud will not occur or that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within the Company have been detected. These inherent limitations include the realities that judgments in decision-making can be faulty and that breakdowns can occur because of simple error or mistake. Controls can also be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people, or by management override of the controls. The design of any system of controls is based in part on certain assumptions about the
 
-28-

Vicor Corporation
March 31, 2021
 
likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions. Projections of any control’s effectiveness to future periods are subject to risks. Over time, controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions or deterioration in the degree of compliance with policies or procedures.
 
(b)
Changes in internal control over financial reporting.
There was no change in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2021, that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
 
-29-

Vicor Corporation
Part II – Other Information
March 31, 2021
Item 1 — Legal Proceedings
See Note 10.
Commitments and Contingencies
in the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in Part I, Item 1 – “Financial Statements.”
Item 1A — Risk Factors
There have been no material changes in the risk factors described in Part I, Item 1A – “Risk Factors” of the Company’s Annual Report on
Form10-K
for the year ended December 31, 2020.
Item 6 — Exhibits 
 
Exhibit
Number
  Description
  
    3.1  Restated Certificate of Incorporation, dated February 28, 1990 (1)
  
    3.2  Certificate of Ownership and Merger Merging Westcor Corporation, a Delaware Corporation, into Vicor Corporation, a Delaware corporation, dated December 3, 1990 (1)
  
    3.3  Certificate of Amendment of Restated Certificate of Incorporation, dated May 10, 1991 (1)
  
    3.4  Certificate of Amendment of Restated Certificate of Incorporation, dated June 23, 1992 (1)
  
    3.5  Bylaws, as amended (2)
  
  31.1  Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) of the Exchange Act.
  
  31.2  Certification of Interim Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) of the Exchange Act.
  
  32.1  Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
  
  32.2  Certification of Interim Principal Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
  
101.INS  Inline XBRL Instance Document – the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.
  
101.SCH  Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
  
101.CAL  Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
  
101.DEF  Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.
  
101.LAB  Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
  
101.PRE  Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.
  
104  Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)
 
(1)Filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on March 29, 2001 (File No. 000-18277) and incorporated herein by reference.
(2)Filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on June 4, 2020 (File No. 000-18277) and incorporated herein by reference.  
-30- 

SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
    VICOR CORPORATION
    
Date: May 3, 2021   By: 
/s/ Patrizio Vinciarelli
      Patrizio Vinciarelli
      Chairman of the Board, President and Chief Executive Officer (Principal Executive Officer)
    
Date: May 3, 2021   By: 
/s/ Richard J. Nagel, Jr.
      Richard J. Nagel, Jr.
      
Vice President, Interim Principal Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer)
 
-31-