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CMO Capstead Mortgage

Filed: 5 May 20, 4:31pm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C.  20549

FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended: March 31, 2020

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ____________ to ______________

Commission File Number:  001-08896

CAPSTEAD MORTGAGE CORPORATION

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its Charter)

Maryland

 

75-2027937

(State or other jurisdiction of

 

(I.R.S. Employer

incorporation or organization)

 

Identification No.)

8401 North Central Expressway, Suite 800, Dallas, TX

 

75225-4404

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

(214) 874-2323

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

Trading Symbols

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock ($0.01 par value)

CMO

New York Stock Exchange

7.50% Series E Cumulative Redeemable    

   Preferred Stock ($0.10 par value)

CMOPRE

New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     YES      NO      

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).     YES          NO       

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer     Accelerated filer    Non-accelerated filer    Smaller reporting company    

Emerging growth company  

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    YES      NO    

APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE ISSUERS:

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

Common Stock ($0.01par value)

 

96,394,713 as of May 5, 2020

 

 

 


 

 

 

CAPSTEAD MORTGAGE CORPORATION

FORM 10-Q

FOR THE QUARTER ENDED MARCH 31, 2020

 

 

INDEX

 

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

Page

ITEM 1.

Financial Statements (unaudited)

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019

3

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations Quarter Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

4

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income Quarter Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

5

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity Quarter Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

6

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows Quarter Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

7

 

 

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

8

 

 

 

ITEM 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

21

 

 

 

ITEM 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure of Market Risk

36

 

 

 

ITEM 4.

Controls and Procedures

36

 

 

 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

ITEM 1A.

Risk Factors

37

 

ITEM 6.

Exhibits

37

 

 

SIGNATURES

40

 

 

 

-2-


 

ITEM 1.    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

CAPSTEAD MORTGAGE CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except pledged and per share amounts)

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential mortgage investments ($8.50 and $10.83 billion

   pledged at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively)

 

$

8,503,171

 

 

$

11,222,182

 

Cash collateral receivable from secured borrowing counterparties

 

 

359,168

 

 

 

 

Cash collateral receivable from derivative counterparties

 

 

95,929

 

 

 

65,477

 

Derivatives at fair value

 

 

 

 

 

1,471

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

329,448

 

 

 

105,397

 

Receivables and other assets

 

 

125,127

 

 

 

125,474

 

 

 

$

9,412,843

 

 

$

11,520,001

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Secured borrowings

 

$

8,379,422

 

 

$

10,275,413

 

Derivatives at fair value

 

 

50,862

 

 

 

29,156

 

Unsecured borrowings

 

 

98,418

 

 

 

98,392

 

Common stock dividend payable

 

 

14,862

 

 

 

14,605

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

 

25,655

 

 

 

28,702

 

 

 

 

8,569,219

 

 

 

10,446,268

 

Stockholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock - $0.10 par value; 100,000 shares authorized:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   7.50% Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock, Series E, 10,329

   shares issued and outstanding ($258,226 aggregate liquidation

   preference) at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019

 

 

250,946

 

 

 

250,946

 

Common stock - $0.01 par value; 250,000 shares authorized:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   96,395 and 94,606 shares issued and outstanding at

   March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively

 

 

964

 

 

 

946

 

Paid-in capital

 

 

1,266,045

 

 

 

1,252,481

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(668,053

)

 

 

(444,039

)

Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income

 

 

(6,278

)

 

 

13,399

 

 

 

 

843,624

 

 

 

1,073,733

 

 

 

$

9,412,843

 

 

$

11,520,001

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

-3-


 

CAPSTEAD MORTGAGE CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(in thousands, except per share amounts)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

Quarter Ended

 

 

 

March 31

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Interest income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential mortgage investments

 

$

69,228

 

 

$

83,807

 

Other

 

 

399

 

 

 

422

 

 

 

 

69,627

 

 

 

84,229

 

Interest expense:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Secured borrowings

 

 

(45,273

)

 

 

(63,779

)

Unsecured borrowings

 

 

(1,900

)

 

 

(1,891

)

 

 

 

(47,173

)

 

 

(65,670

)

 

 

 

22,454

 

 

 

18,559

 

Other expense:

 

 

 

 

 

 

��

 

Loss on derivative instruments (net)

 

 

(155,739

)

 

 

(21,657

)

Loss on sale of investments

 

 

(67,820

)

 

 

 

Compensation-related expense

 

 

(2,204

)

 

 

(3,609

)

Other general and administrative expense

 

 

(1,202

)

 

 

(1,128

)

Miscellaneous other (expense) revenue

 

 

(142

)

 

 

89

 

 

 

 

(227,107

)

 

 

(26,305

)

Net loss

 

 

(204,653

)

 

 

(7,746

)

Less preferred stock dividends

 

 

(4,842

)

 

 

(4,842

)

Net loss to common stockholders

 

$

(209,495

)

 

$

(12,588

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and diluted

 

$

(2.21

)

 

$

(0.15

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and diluted

 

 

94,897

 

 

 

84,894

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

-4-


 

CAPSTEAD MORTGAGE CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

(in thousands, unaudited)

 

 

 

Quarter Ended

 

 

 

March 31

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Net loss

 

$

(204,653

)

 

$

(7,746

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amounts related to available for sale securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in net unrealized gain or loss

 

 

(65,770

)

 

 

43,476

 

Reclassification adjustment for amounts

   included in net loss

 

 

66,864

 

 

 

 

Amounts related to cash flow hedges:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in net unrealized gain or loss

 

 

(21,251

)

 

 

(8,551

)

Reclassification adjustment for amounts

   included in net loss

 

 

480

 

 

 

(10,571

)

 

 

 

(19,677

)

 

 

24,354

 

Comprehensive (loss) income

 

$

(224,330

)

 

$

16,608

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

-5-


 

CAPSTEAD MORTGAGE CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(in thousands, unaudited)

 

 

 

 

Preferred

Stock

 

 

Common

Stock

 

 

Paid-in

Capital

 

 

Accumulated

Deficit

 

 

Accumulated

Other

Comprehensive

Income (Loss)

 

 

Total

Stockholders’

Equity

 

Balance at December 31, 2019

 

$

250,946

 

 

$

946

 

 

$

1,252,481

 

 

$

(444,039

)

 

$

13,399

 

 

$

1,073,733

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(204,653

)

 

 

 

 

(204,653

)

Change in unrealized gain on

   mortgage securities, net

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,094

 

 

 

1,094

 

Amounts related to cash

   flow hedges, net

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(20,771

)

 

 

(20,771

)

Cash dividends:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common – $0.15 per share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(14,519

)

 

 

 

 

(14,519

)

Preferred – $0.47 per share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(4,842

)

 

 

 

 

(4,842

)

Issuance of common stock

 

 

 

 

16

 

 

 

12,841

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12,857

 

Other additions to capital

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

723

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

725

 

Balance at March 31, 2020

 

$

250,946

 

 

$

964

 

 

$

1,266,045

 

 

$

(668,053

)

 

$

(6,278

)

 

$

843,624

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2018

 

$

250,946

 

 

$

853

 

 

$

1,174,880

 

 

$

(346,570

)

 

$

(21,046

)

 

$

1,059,063

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(7,746

)

 

 

 

 

(7,746

)

Change in unrealized gain on

   mortgage securities, net

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

43,476

 

 

 

43,476

 

Amounts related to cash

   flow hedges, net

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(19,122

)

 

 

(19,122

)

Cash dividends:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common – $0.08 per share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(6,952

)

 

 

 

 

(6,952

)

Preferred – $0.47 per share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(4,842

)

 

 

 

 

(4,842

)

Other additions to capital

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

998

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,001

 

Balance at March 31, 2019

 

$

250,946

 

 

$

856

 

 

$

1,175,878

 

 

$

(366,110

)

 

$

3,308

 

 

$

1,064,878

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

-6-


 

CAPSTEAD MORTGAGE CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands, unaudited)

 

 

 

Quarter Ended March 31

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(204,653

)

 

$

(7,746

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash provided

   by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortization of investment premiums

 

 

20,691

 

 

 

18,253

 

Amortization of equity-based awards

 

 

835

 

 

 

1,109

 

Amortization of unrealized gain on de-designated hedges

 

 

(103

)

 

 

(3,020

)

Loss on sale of mortgage investments

 

 

67,820

 

 

 

 

Loss on derivative instruments (net)

 

 

156,747

 

 

 

26,237

 

Other depreciation and amortization

 

 

29

 

 

 

27

 

Net change in receivables, other assets, accounts payable

   and accrued expenses

 

 

(1,872

)

 

 

12,635

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

39,494

 

 

 

47,495

 

Investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of residential mortgage investments

 

 

(814,547

)

 

 

(994,371

)

Proceeds from sales of residential mortgage investments

 

 

2,540,426

 

 

 

 

Interest receivable acquired with the purchase of residential

   mortgage investments

 

 

(1,495

)

 

 

(2,190

)

Principal collections on residential mortgage investments,

   including changes in mortgage securities principal remittance

   receivable

 

 

902,873

 

 

 

768,168

 

Redemption of lending counterparty investments

 

 

 

 

 

5,000

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

 

2,627,257

 

 

 

(223,393

)

Financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from repurchase arrangements and similar

   borrowings

 

 

29,271,292

 

 

 

31,034,056

 

Principal payments on repurchase arrangements and similar

   borrowings

 

 

(31,167,283

)

 

 

(30,790,967

)

Increase in cash collateral receivable from

   derivative counterparties

 

 

(30,452

)

 

 

(26,394

)

Increase in cash collateral receivable from

   secured borrowing counterparties

 

 

(359,168

)

 

 

 

Net payments on derivative settlements

 

 

(150,760

)

 

 

(56,731

)

Issuance of common stock

 

 

12,882

 

 

 

 

Other capital stock transactions

 

 

(107

)

 

 

(106

)

Dividends paid

 

 

(19,104

)

 

 

(11,816

)

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

 

 

(2,442,700

)

 

 

148,042

 

Net change in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

224,051

 

 

 

(27,856

)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

 

105,397

 

 

 

60,289

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

$

329,448

 

 

$

32,433

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

-7-


 

CAPSTEAD MORTGAGE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

MARCH 31, 2020

(unaudited)

 

NOTE 1 BUSINESS

Capstead Mortgage Corporation operates as a self-managed real estate investment trust for federal income tax purposes (a “REIT”) and is based in Dallas, Texas.  Unless the context otherwise indicates, Capstead Mortgage Corporation, together with its subsidiaries, is referred to as “Capstead” or the “Company.”  Capstead earns income from investing in a leveraged portfolio of residential mortgage pass-through securities consisting almost exclusively of adjustable-rate mortgage (“ARM”) securities issued and guaranteed by government-sponsored enterprises, either Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, or by an agency of the federal government, Ginnie Mae.  Residential mortgage pass-through securities guaranteed by Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac or Ginnie Mae are referred to as “Agency Securities” and are considered to have limited, if any, credit risk.

NOTE 2 BASIS OF PRESENTATION

Interim Financial Reporting

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X.  Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements.  In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included.  Operating results for the quarter ended March 31, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the calendar year ending December 31, 2020.  For further information refer to the audited consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In June 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (“ASU 2016-13”) which replaces the incurred loss impairment methodology in current GAAP with a methodology that better reflects expected credit losses. For financial instruments carried at amortized cost, impairment will be measured as a current estimate of expected lifetime credit losses. For available-for-sale debt securities in which changes in fair value are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income, the FASB made targeted improvements eliminating the write-down of available-for-sale securities under the “other-than-temporarily” impaired model with an allowance for credit losses model. ASU 2016-13 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019 and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company adopted ASU 2016-13 on January 1, 2020 which had no material effect on the Company’s results of operations, financial condition and cash flows primarily due to the limited, if any, credit risk of Agency Securities.

NOTE 3 NET INCOME (LOSS) PER COMMON SHARE

Basic net income (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income, after deducting dividends paid or accrued on preferred stock and allocating earnings to equity awards deemed to be participating securities pursuant to the two-class method, by the average number of shares of common stock outstanding, calculated excluding unvested stock awards.  Participating securities include unvested equity awards that contain non-forfeitable rights to dividends prior to vesting.

-8-


 

Diluted net income (loss) per common share is computed by dividing the numerator used to compute basic net income (loss) per common share by the denominator used to compute basic net income (loss) per common share, further adjusted for the dilutive effect, if any, of equity awards and shares of preferred stock when and if convertible into shares of common stock.  Shares of the Company’s 7.50% Series E Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock are contingently convertible into shares of common stock only upon the occurrence of a change in control and therefore are not considered dilutive securities absent such an occurrence.  Any unvested equity awards that are deemed participating securities are included in the calculation of diluted net income (loss) per common share, if dilutive, under either the two-class method or the treasury stock method, depending upon which method produces the more dilutive result.

Components of the computation of basic and diluted net income (loss) per common share were as follows for the indicated periods (dollars in thousands, except per share amounts):

 

 

 

Quarter Ended

 

 

 

March 31

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Basic net income (loss) per common share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Numerator for basic net income (loss) per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(204,653

)

 

$

(7,746

)

Preferred stock dividends

 

 

(4,842

)

 

 

(4,842

)

Earnings participation of unvested equity awards

 

 

(32

)

 

 

(19

)

 

 

$

(209,527

)

 

$

(12,607

)

Denominator for basic net income (loss) per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average number of shares of common stock outstanding

 

 

95,636

 

 

 

85,549

 

Average unvested stock awards outstanding

 

 

(739

)

 

 

(655

)

 

 

 

94,897

 

 

 

84,894

 

 

 

$

(2.21

)

 

$

(0.15

)

Diluted net income (loss) per common share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Numerator for diluted net income (loss) per common share

 

$

(209,527

)

 

$

(12,607

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denominator for diluted net income (loss) per common share

 

 

94,897

 

 

 

84,894

 

 

 

$

(2.21

)

 

$

(0.15

)

 

 

Anti-dilutive securities that could be potentially dilutive in the future that were not included in the computation of diluted net income (loss) per common share include 920,000 equity awards excludable under the treasury stock method for the quarter ended March 31, 2020. There were 1.2 million potentially dilutive securities excluded from the computation of diluted net income (loss) per common share for the quarter ended March 31, 2019.

-9-


 

NOTE 4 RESIDENTIAL mortgage investments

Residential mortgage investments classified by collateral type and interest rate characteristics as of the indicated dates were as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

 

 

Unpaid

Principal

Balance

 

 

Investment Premiums

 

 

Amortized Cost Basis

 

 

Carrying

Amount (a)

 

 

Net

WAC (b)

 

 

Average

Yield (c)

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Agency Securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fannie Mae/Freddie Mac:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fixed-rate

 

$

74

 

 

$

 

 

$

74

 

 

$

74

 

 

 

6.50

%

 

 

6.32

%

ARMs

 

 

7,345,360

 

 

 

214,992

 

 

 

7,560,352

 

 

 

7,588,267

 

 

 

3.30

 

 

 

2.77

 

Ginnie Mae ARMs

 

 

875,171

 

 

 

20,735

 

 

 

895,906

 

 

 

913,347

 

 

 

3.64

 

 

 

1.30

 

 

 

 

8,220,605

 

 

 

235,727

 

 

 

8,456,332

 

 

 

8,501,688

 

 

 

3.33

 

 

 

2.49

 

Residential mortgage loans:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fixed-rate

 

 

101

 

 

 

 

 

101

 

 

 

101

 

 

 

4.84

 

 

 

2.01

 

ARMs

 

 

487

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

490

 

 

 

490

 

 

 

4.15

 

 

 

2.29

 

 

 

 

588

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

591

 

 

 

591

 

 

 

4.27

 

 

 

2.24

 

Collateral for structured

   financings

 

 

878

 

 

 

14

 

 

 

892

 

 

 

892

 

 

 

7.86

 

 

 

7.46

 

 

 

$

8,222,071

 

 

$

235,744

 

 

$

8,457,815

 

 

$

8,503,171

 

 

 

3.33

 

 

 

2.49

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Agency Securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fannie Mae/Freddie Mac:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fixed-rate

 

$

83

 

 

$

 

 

$

83

 

 

$

83

 

 

 

6.50

%

 

 

6.34

%

ARMs

 

 

8,628,656

 

 

 

262,293

 

 

 

8,890,949

 

 

 

8,931,789

 

 

 

3.45

 

 

 

2.66

 

Ginnie Mae ARMs

 

 

2,214,447

 

 

 

69,884

 

 

 

2,284,331

 

��

 

2,288,758

 

 

 

3.53

 

 

 

2.71

 

 

 

 

10,843,186

 

 

 

332,177

 

 

 

11,175,363

 

 

 

11,220,630

 

 

 

3.46

 

 

 

2.67

 

Residential mortgage loans:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fixed-rate

 

 

106

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

107

 

 

 

107

 

 

 

4.84

 

 

 

2.07

 

ARMs

 

 

527

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

530

 

 

 

530

 

 

 

4.15

 

 

 

3.11

 

 

 

 

633

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

637

 

 

 

637

 

 

 

4.26

 

 

 

2.94

 

Collateral for structured

   financings

 

 

900

 

 

 

15

 

 

 

915

 

 

 

915

 

 

 

7.99

 

 

 

7.51

 

 

 

$

10,844,719

 

 

$

332,196

 

 

$

11,176,915

 

 

$

11,222,182

 

 

 

3.46

 

 

 

2.67

 

 

(a)

Includes unrealized gains and losses for residential mortgage investments classified as available-for-sale.

(b)

Net WAC, or weighted average coupon, is the weighted average interest rate of the mortgage loans underlying the indicated investments net of servicing and other fees as of the indicated balance sheet date.  Net WAC is expressed as a percentage calculated on an annualized basis on the unpaid principal balances of the mortgage loans underlying these investments.

(c)

Average yield is presented for the quarter then ended and is based on the cash component of interest income expressed as a percentage calculated on an annualized basis on average amortized cost basis (the “cash yield”) less the effects of amortizing investment premiums.  Investment premium amortization is determined using the interest method and incorporates actual and anticipated future mortgage prepayments.

Agency Securities are considered to have limited, if any, credit risk because the timely payment of principal and interest is guaranteed by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, which are federally chartered corporations, or Ginnie Mae, which is an agency of the federal government.  Residential mortgage loans held by Capstead were originated prior to 1995 when the Company operated a mortgage conduit and the related credit risk is borne by the Company.  Collateral for structured financings consists of private residential mortgage securities that are backed by loans obtained through this mortgage conduit and are pledged to secure repayment of related structured financings.  Credit risk for these securities is borne by

-10-


 

the related bondholders. The maturity of Residential mortgage investments is directly affected by prepayments of principal on the underlying mortgage loans.  Consequently, actual maturities will be significantly shorter than the portfolio’s weighted average contractual maturity of 290 months.

Fixed-rate investments consist of residential mortgage loans and Agency Securities backed by residential mortgage loans with fixed rates of interest.  ARMs are adjustable-rate Agency Securities backed by residential mortgage loans that have coupon interest rates that adjust at least annually to more current interest rates or begin doing so after an initial fixed-rate period.  After the initial fixed-rate period, if applicable, mortgage loans underlying ARM securities typically either (i) adjust annually based on specified margins over the one-year London interbank offered rate (“LIBOR”) or the one-year Constant Maturity U.S. Treasury Note Rate (“CMT”), (ii) adjust semiannually based on specified margins over six-month LIBOR, or (iii) adjust monthly based on specified margins over indices such as one-month LIBOR, the Eleventh District Federal Reserve Bank Cost of Funds Index, or over a rolling twelve month average of the one-year CMT index, usually subject to periodic and lifetime limits, or caps, on the amount of such adjustments during any single interest rate adjustment period and over the contractual term of the underlying loans.

Capstead classifies its ARM investments based on average number of months until coupon reset (“months to roll”).  Months to roll is an indicator of asset duration which is a measure of market price sensitivity to interest rate movements.  A shorter duration generally indicates less interest rate risk.  Current-reset ARM investments have months to roll of less than 18 months while longer-to-reset ARM investments have months to roll of 18 months or greater.  As of March 31, 2020, the average months to roll for the Company’s $3.48 billion (amortized cost basis) in current-reset ARM investments was approximately seven months while the average months to roll for the Company’s $4.98 billion (amortized cost basis) in longer-to-reset ARM investments was approximately 53 months.

During the quarter ended March 31, 2020, the Company sold available-for-sale securities using the specific identification method for proceeds totaling $2.54 billion with 0 recognized gross realized gains and gross realized losses of $67.8 million. The Company did 0t sell any securities during the quarter ended March 31, 2019.

NOTE 5 SECURED borrowings

Capstead pledges its Residential mortgage investments as collateral for secured borrowings primarily in the form of repurchase arrangements with commercial banks and other financial institutions (collectively referred to as “counterparties” or “lending counterparties”).  Repurchase arrangements entered into by the Company involve the sale and a simultaneous agreement to repurchase the transferred assets at a future date and are accounted for as financings.  The Company maintains the beneficial interest in the specific securities pledged during the term of each repurchase arrangement and receives the related principal and interest payments.  

The terms and conditions of secured borrowings are negotiated on a transaction-by-transaction basis when each such borrowing is initiated or renewed.  The amount borrowed is generally equal to the fair value of the securities pledged, as determined by the lending counterparty, less an agreed-upon discount, referred to as a “haircut.”  Interest rates are generally fixed based on prevailing rates corresponding to the terms of the borrowings. Interest may be paid monthly or at the termination of a borrowing at which time the
Company may enter into a new borrowing at prevailing haircuts and rates with the same lending counterparty or repay that counterparty and negotiate financing with a different lending counterparty.  None of the Company’s lending counterparties are obligated to renew or otherwise enter into new borrowings at the conclusion of existing borrowings.  In response to declines in fair value of pledged securities due to changes in market conditions or the publishing of monthly security pay-down factors, lending counterparties typically require the Company to post additional securities as collateral, pay down borrowings or fund cash margin accounts with the counterparties in order to re-establish the agreed-upon

-11-


 

collateral requirements.  These actions are referred to as margin calls.  Conversely, in response to increases in fair value of pledged securities, the Company routinely margin calls its lending counterparties in order to have previously pledged collateral returned. Any margin calls funded with cash are included in Cash collateral receivable from secured borrowing counterparties.

Secured borrowings (and related pledged collateral, including accrued interest receivable), classified by collateral type and remaining maturities, and related weighted average borrowing rates as of the indicated dates were as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

Collateral Type

 

Agency Securities Pledged

 

 

Accrued

Interest

Receivable

 

 

Cash Pledged

 

 

Borrowings

Outstanding

 

 

Average

Borrowing

Rates

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Borrowings under repurchase arrangements

   with maturities of 30 days or less

 

$

4,879,606

 

 

$

13,875

 

 

$

59,471

 

 

$

4,654,152

 

 

 

1.08

%

Borrowings under repurchase arrangements

    with maturities of 31 to 90 days

 

 

3,517,414

 

 

 

10,818

 

 

 

299,697

 

 

 

3,724,378

 

 

 

1.40

 

Similar borrowings secured by

   collateral for structured financings

 

 

892

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

892

 

 

 

7.86

 

 

 

$

8,497,912

 

 

$

24,693

 

 

$

359,168

 

 

$

8,379,422

 

 

 

1.22

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Borrowings under repurchase arrangements

   with maturities of 30 days or less

 

$

9,484,275

 

 

$

27,826

 

 

$

 

 

$

9,002,527

 

 

 

2.12

%

Borrowings under repurchase arrangements

    with maturities of 31 to 90 days

 

 

1,344,437

 

 

 

3,742

 

 

 

 

 

1,271,971

 

 

 

1.98

 

Similar borrowings secured by

   collateral for structured financings

 

 

915

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

915

 

 

 

7.99

 

 

 

$

10,829,627

 

 

$

31,568

 

 

$

 

 

$

10,275,413

 

 

 

2.10

 

Average secured borrowings outstanding were $10.3 billion and $11.2 billion during the quarter ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Average secured borrowings outstanding during the indicated periods differed from respective ending balances primarily due to sales during the quarter, changes in portfolio levels and differences in the timing of portfolio acquisitions relative to portfolio runoff.

 

-12-


 

NOTE 6 USE OF DERIVATIVES, OFFSETTING DISCLOSURES AND CHANGES IN OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME BY COMPONENT

Capstead’s portfolio of derivative financial instruments (“Derivatives”) hedge the variability of the underlying benchmark interest rate of current and forecasted 30- to 90-day secured borrowings.  The Company attempts to mitigate exposure to higher interest rates primarily by entering into three-month LIBOR- and OIS-indexed, pay-fixed, receive-variable, interest rate swap agreements for terms between eighteen months and three years. From an economic perspective, this hedge relationship establishes a relatively stable fixed rate on related borrowings because the variable-rate payments received on the swap agreements offset a significant portion of the interest accruing on the borrowings, leaving the fixed-rate swap payments as the Company’s effective borrowing rate, subject to certain adjustments. Additionally, changes in fair value of these Derivatives tend to partially offset opposing changes in fair value of the Company’s residential mortgage investments that can occur in response to changes in market interest rates.

The Company discontinued hedge accounting in 2019 for its secured borrowings-related interest rate swaps and, for GAAP purposes, related changes in the fair value are recorded in the Company’s consolidated statements of operations beginning on the de-designation date. Also, for GAAP purposes, related net unrealized gains recorded in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) through the de-designation date are being recognized as a component of interest expense in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations over the remaining lives of these swaps.

During the quarter ended March 31, 2020, Capstead entered into swap agreements with notional amounts of $2.80 billion requiring fixed-rate interest payments averaging 1.14% for 18- to 36-month periods. Also during the quarter ended March 31, 2020, $600 million notional amount of swaps requiring fixed-rate interest payments averaging 2.07% matured and the Company terminated $5.2 billion notional amount of swaps requiring fixed-rate interest payments averaging 1.67%.  At March 31, 2020 the Company’s swap positions related to secured borrowings had the following characteristics (dollars in thousands):

 

Period of

Contract Expiration

 

Notional

Amount

 

 

Average Fixed-Rate

Payment Requirement

 

Second quarter 2020

 

$

200,000

 

 

 

2.56

%

Third quarter 2020

 

 

200,000

 

 

 

1.64

 

Fourth quarter 2020

 

 

200,000

 

 

 

2.04

 

Third quarter 2021

 

 

2,500,000

 

 

 

1.25

 

Fourth quarter 2021

 

 

900,000

 

 

 

1.61

 

First quarter 2022

 

 

400,000

 

 

 

1.37

 

 

 

$

4,400,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

At March 31, 2020, the Company also held $500 million notional amount three-month Eurodollar futures contracts with a weighted average rate of 1.62% with maturities through June 2020.

The Company has three-month LIBOR-indexed, pay-fixed, receive-variable, interest rate swap agreements with notional amounts totaling $100 million and average fixed rates of 4.09% with 20-year payment terms coinciding with the floating-rate terms of the Company’s Unsecured borrowings.  These Derivatives, which are designated as cash flow hedges for accounting purposes, hedge the variability of the underlying contractual rate associated with the floating-rate terms of these long-term borrowings which began on various dates between October 2015 and September 2016.

-13-


 

Interest rate swap agreements are measured at fair value on a recurring basis primarily using Level 2 Inputs in accordance with ASU 2010-06, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (Topic 820).  Fair value estimates for these Derivatives are calculated using the net discounted future fixed cash payments and the discounted future variable cash receipts which are based on expected future interest rates derived from observable market interest rate curves.  Eurodollar futures are measured at fair value using Level 1 inputs based on quoted exchange prices on these contracts.  The Company also incorporates both its own nonperformance risk and its counterparties’ nonperformance risk in determining fair value.  In considering the effect of nonperformance risk, the Company considered the impact of netting and credit enhancements, such as collateral postings and guarantees, and has concluded that counterparty risk is not significant to the overall valuation.  

 

The fair value of exchange-traded swap agreements hedging Secured borrowings is calculated including accrued interest and net of variation margin amounts received or paid through the exchange, resulting in separately presenting on the balance sheet a significantly reduced fair value amount representing the unsettled fair value of these Derivatives.  Non-exchange traded swap agreements held as cash flow hedges of Unsecured borrowings are reported at fair value calculated excluding accrued interest.  At March 31, 2020, Cash collateral receivable from derivative counterparties includes initial margin for all swap agreements and variation margin for non-exchange traded swap agreements.  Accrued interest for non-exchange traded swap agreements is included in Accounts payable and accrued expenses.  

 

The following tables include fair value and other related disclosures regarding all Derivatives held as of and for the indicated periods (in thousands):

 

 

 

Balance Sheet

 

March 31

 

 

December 31

 

 

 

Location

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Balance sheet-related

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Swap agreements in a gain position (an asset) related to

   secured borrowings

 

(a)

 

$

 

 

$

733

 

Eurodollar futures contracts in a gain position

 

(a)

 

 

 

 

738

 

Swap agreements in a loss position (a liability) related to

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

unsecured borrowings

 

(a)

 

 

(49,824

)

 

 

(29,156

)

Eurodollar futures contracts in a loss position

 

 

 

 

(1,038

)

 

 

Related net interest payable

 

(b)

 

 

(988

)

 

 

(437

)

 

 

 

 

$

(51,850

)

 

$

(28,122

)

(a)

The fair value of Derivatives with unrealized gains are aggregated and recorded as an asset on the face of the Balance Sheets separately from the fair value of Derivatives with unrealized losses that are recorded as a liability.

(b)

Included in “Accounts payable and accrued expenses” on the face of the Balance Sheets.

-14-


 

 

Location of

Gain or (Loss)

Recognized in

 

Quarter Ended March 31

 

 

Net Income

 

 

2020

 

 

 

2019

 

Income statement-related

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Components of Secured borrowings-related effects

   on interest expense:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amount of gain reclassified from

   Accumulated other comprehensive

   income (loss)

 

 

$

 

 

$

7,891

 

Amortization of unrealized gain, net

   of unrealized losses on de-designated

   Derivatives

 

 

 

103

 

 

 

3,020

 

 

(a)

 

 

103

 

 

 

10,911

 

Component of Unsecured borrowings-related

   effects on interest expense:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amount of loss reclassified from Accumulated

   other comprehensive income (loss)

(b)

 

 

(583

)

 

 

(340

)

Decrease in interest expense as a result of the

   use of Derivatives

 

 

$

(480

)

 

$

10,571

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Realized and unrealized loss on non-designated

   Derivatives (net) related to:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest rate swap agreements

 

 

$

(153,224

)

 

$

(21,657

)

Eurodollar futures

 

 

 

(2,515

)

 

 

 

(c)

 

$

(155,739

)

 

$

(21,657

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income-related

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amount of (loss) gain recognized in Other

   comprehensive income

 

 

$

(21,251

)

 

$

(8,551

)

 

(a)

Included in “Interest expense:  Secured borrowings” on the face of the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

(b)

Included in “Interest expense:  Unsecured borrowings” on the face of the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

(c)

Included in “Loss on derivative instruments (net)” on the face of the Consolidated Statement of Operations.

 

Capstead’s swap agreements and borrowings under repurchase arrangements are subject to master netting arrangements in the event of default on, or termination of, any one contract.  See NOTE 5 for more information on the Company’s use of secured borrowings.  The following tables provide disclosures concerning offsetting of financial liabilities and Derivatives as of the indicated dates (in thousands):

 

 

 

Offsetting of Derivative Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross

 

 

Net Amounts

 

 

Gross Amounts Not Offset

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross

 

 

Amounts

 

 

of Assets

 

 

in the Balance Sheet (b)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amounts of

 

 

Offset in

 

 

Presented in

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recognized

 

 

the Balance

 

 

the Balance

 

 

Financial

 

 

Collateral

 

 

Net

 

 

 

Assets (a)

 

 

Sheet (a)

 

 

Sheet

 

 

Instruments

 

 

Received

 

 

Amount

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Counterparty 4

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Counterparty 4

 

$

6,517

 

 

$

(5,046

)

 

$

1,471

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

1,471

 

 

-15-


 

(a)

Included in gross amounts of recognized assets at March 31, 2020 are the fair value of exchange-traded swap agreements, calculated including accrued interest, and the fair value of Eurodollar futures contracts.  Included in gross amounts offset in the balance sheet are variation margin amounts associated with exchange-traded swaps at March 31, 2020.

(b)

Amounts presented are limited to recognized liabilities and cash collateral received associated with the indicated counterparty sufficient to reduce the related Net Amount to zero in accordance with ASU No. 2011-11, as amended by ASU No. 2013-01.

 

 

 

Offsetting of Financial Liabilities and Derivative Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross

 

 

Net Amounts

 

 

Gross Amounts Not Offset

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross

 

 

Amounts

 

 

of Liabilities

 

 

in the Balance Sheet (c)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amounts of

 

 

Offset in

 

 

Presented in

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recognized

 

 

the Balance

 

 

the Balance

 

 

Financial

 

 

Collateral

 

 

Net

 

 

 

Liabilities (a)

 

 

Sheet (a)

 

 

Sheet (b)

 

 

Instruments

 

 

Pledged

 

 

Amount

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives by

   counterparty:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Counterparty 1

 

$

50,813

 

 

$

 

 

$

50,813

 

 

$

 

 

$

(50,813

)

 

$

 

Counterparty 4

 

 

68,286

 

 

 

(67,248

)

 

 

1,038

 

 

 

 

 

(1,038

)

 

 

 

 

 

119,099

 

 

 

(67,248

)

 

 

51,851

 

 

 

 

 

(51,851

)

 

 

Borrowings under

   repurchase

   arrangements (d)

 

 

8,387,646

 

 

 

 

 

8,387,646

 

 

 

(8,387,646

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

8,506,745

 

 

$

(67,248

)

 

$

8,439,497

 

 

$

(8,387,646

)

 

$

(51,851

)

 

$

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives by

   counterparty:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Counterparty 1

 

$

29,593

 

 

$

 

 

$

29,593

 

 

$

 

 

$

(29,593

)

 

$

 

Counterparty 4

 

 

21,601

 

 

 

(21,601

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

51,194

 

 

 

(21,601

)

 

 

29,593

 

 

 

 

 

 

(29,593

)

 

 

Borrowings under

   repurchase

   arrangements (d)

 

 

10,286,011

 

 

 

 

 

10,286,011

 

 

 

(10,286,011

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

10,337,205

 

 

$

(21,601

)

 

$

10,315,604

 

 

$

(10,286,011

)

 

$

(29,593

)

 

$

 

 

(a)

Included in gross amounts of recognized liabilities at March 31, 2020 is the fair value of non-exchange traded swap agreements (Counterparty 1) and exchange-traded swap agreements (Counterparty 4), calculated including accrued interest.  Included in gross amounts offset in the balance sheet are variation margin amounts associated with exchange-traded swap agreements at March 31, 2020.

(b)

Amounts presented are limited to recognized liabilities and cash collateral received associated with the indicated counterparty sufficient to reduce the related Net Amount to zero in accordance with ASU No. 2011-11, as amended by ASU No. 2013-01.

(c)

Amounts presented are limited to recognized assets and collateral pledged associated with the indicated counterparty sufficient to reduce the related Net Amount to zero in accordance with ASU No. 2011-11, as amended by ASU No. 2013-01.

(d)

Amounts include accrued interest payable of $9.1 million and $11.5 million on borrowings under repurchase arrangements as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

-16-


 

The amount of unrealized losses, net of unrealized gains, included in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and scheduled to be recognized in the Consolidated Statements of Operations over the next twelve months primarily in the form of a fixed-rate swap payments in excess of current market rates on swaps related to unsecured borrowings and amortization of net unrealized losses on de-designated interest rate swaps totaled $4.8 million at March 31, 2020. Changes in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) by component for the quarter ended March 31, 2020 were as follows (in thousands):

 

 

Unrealized

Gains and Losses

on Cash Flow

Hedges

 

 

Unrealized Gains

and Losses on

Available-for-Sale

Securities

 

 

Total

 

Balance at December 31, 2019

 

$

(31,868

)

 

$

45,267

 

 

$

13,399

 

Activity for the quarter ended March 31, 2020:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive loss before

   reclassifications

 

 

(21,251

)

 

 

(65,770

)

 

 

(87,021

)

Amounts reclassified from accumulated

   other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

480

 

 

 

66,864

 

 

 

67,344

 

Other comprehensive loss (income)

 

 

(20,771

)

 

 

1,094

 

 

 

(19,677

)

Balance at March 31, 2020

 

$

(52,639

)

 

$

46,361

 

 

$

(6,278

)

 

NOTE 7 unsecured BORROWINGS

 

Unsecured borrowings consist of 30-year junior subordinated notes issued in 2005 and 2006 and maturing in 2035 and 2036, for a total face amount of $100 million.  Note balances net of deferred issuance costs, and related weighted average interest rates as of the indicated dates (calculated including issuance cost amortization and adjusted for effects of related Derivatives held as cash flow hedges) were as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

 

Borrowings

Outstanding

 

 

Average

Rate

 

 

Borrowings

Outstanding

 

 

Average

Rate

 

Junior subordinated notes maturing in:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

October 2035 ($35,000 face amount)

 

$

34,402

 

 

 

7.88

%

 

$

34,392

 

 

 

7.88

%

December 2035 ($40,000 face amount)

 

 

39,407

 

 

 

7.64

 

 

 

39,397

 

 

 

7.64

 

September 2036 ($25,000 face amount)

 

 

24,609

 

 

 

7.68

 

 

 

24,603

 

 

 

7.68

 

 

 

$

98,418

 

 

 

7.73

 

 

$

98,392

 

 

 

7.73

 

 

NOTE 8 CAPITAL TRANSACTIONS

During the quarter ended March 31, 2020, the Company issued 1.6 million shares of common stock through an at-the-market continuous offering program at an average price of $8.21, net of fees and other costs, for net proceeds of $12.9 million. Additional amounts of equity capital may be raised in the future under continuous offering programs or by other means, subject to market conditions, compliance with federal securities laws and blackout periods.

NOTE 9 FAIR VALUE

The fair value of Capstead’s financial assets and liabilities are influenced by changes in, and market expectations for changes in, interest rates and market liquidity conditions, as well as other factors beyond the control of management.  With the exception of the fair value of Eurodollar futures and lending counterparty investments, all fair values were determined using Level 2 Inputs in accordance with ASU

-17-


 

2010-06, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (Topic 820).  Eurodollar futures are derivative contracts for which Level 1 inputs are used to determine fair value.

Residential mortgage investments, nearly all of which are mortgage securities classified as available-for-sale, are measured at fair value on a recurring basis.  In determining fair value estimates the Company considers recent trading activity for similar investments and pricing levels indicated by lenders in connection with designating collateral for secured borrowings, provided such pricing levels are considered indicative of actual market clearing transactions.  The Company currently bases fair value for Unsecured borrowings on discounted cash flows using Company estimates for market yields.  Excluded from these disclosures are financial instruments for which cost basis is deemed to approximate fair value due primarily to the short duration of these instruments, which are valued using primarily Level 1 measurements, including Cash and cash equivalents, Cash collateral receivable from derivative counterparties, Cash collateral receivable from secured borrowings counterparties, receivables, payables and secured borrowings with initial terms of 120 days or less.  See NOTE 6 for information relative to the valuation of interest rate swap agreements.

Fair value-related disclosures for financial instruments other than debt securities were as follows as of the indicated dates (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

Fair Value

Hierarchy

 

Carrying

Amount

 

 

Fair

Value

 

 

Carrying

Amount

 

 

Fair

Value

 

Financial assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential mortgage loans

Level 2

 

$

591

 

 

$

600

 

 

$

637

 

 

$

650

 

Secured borrowings-related interest

   rate swap agreements

Level 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

733

 

 

 

733

 

Eurodollar futures contracts

Level 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

738

 

 

 

738

 

Financial liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unsecured borrowings

Level 2

 

 

98,418

 

 

 

14,800

 

 

 

98,392

 

 

 

68,100

 

Unsecured borrowings-related interest

   rate swap agreements

Level 2

 

 

49,824

 

 

 

49,824

 

 

 

29,156

 

 

 

29,156

 

Eurodollar futures contracts

Level 1

 

 

1,038

 

 

 

1,038

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fair value-related disclosures for debt securities were as follows as of the indicated dates (in thousands):

 

 

 

Amortized

 

 

Gross Unrealized

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost Basis

 

 

Gains

 

 

Losses

 

 

Fair Value

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Agency Securities classified as available-for-sale:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fannie Mae/Freddie Mac

 

$

7,560,352

 

 

$

73,230

 

 

$

45,315

 

 

$

7,588,267

 

Ginnie Mae

 

 

895,906

 

 

 

19,084

 

 

 

1,643

 

 

 

913,347

 

Residential mortgage securities classified as

   held-to-maturity

 

 

966

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

968

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Agency Securities classified as available-for-sale:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fannie Mae/Freddie Mac

 

 

8,890,949

 

 

 

64,593

 

 

 

23,753

 

 

 

8,931,789

 

Ginnie Mae

 

 

2,284,331

 

 

 

11,560

 

 

 

7,133

 

 

 

2,288,758

 

Residential mortgage securities classified as

   held-to-maturity

 

 

998

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

1,000

 

 

-18-


 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

 

Fair

Value

 

 

Unrealized

Loss

 

 

Fair

Value

 

 

Unrealized

Loss

 

Securities in an unrealized loss position of one

   year or greater:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fannie Mae/Freddie Mac

 

$

1,087,635

 

 

 

22,776

 

 

$

2,030,192

 

 

$

17,069

 

Ginnie Mae

 

 

25,016

 

 

 

514

 

 

 

560,022

 

 

 

5,775

 

Securities in an unrealized loss position less than

   one year:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fannie Mae/Freddie Mac

 

 

1,800,331

 

 

 

22,539

 

 

 

1,473,144

 

 

 

6,684

 

Ginnie Mae

 

 

65,116

 

 

 

1,129

 

 

 

416,888

 

 

 

1,358

 

 

 

$

2,978,098

 

 

$

46,958

 

 

$

4,480,246

 

 

$

30,886

 

 

From a credit risk perspective, federal government support for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac helps ensure that fluctuations in value are due to interest rate changes and are not due to credit risk associated with these securities. The unrealized losses on the Company’s investment in ARM Agency Securities were caused by interest rate changes, and the contractual cash flows of those investments are guaranteed by an agency of the U.S. government. The Company does not intend to sell the investments as of March 31, 2020 and it is not more likely than not that the Company will be required to sell the investments before recovery of their amortized cost bases.

NOTE 10 EQUITY INCENTIVE PLAN

All equity-based awards and other long-term incentive awards are made pursuant to the Company’s Amended and Restated 2014 Flexible Incentive Plan that was approved by stockholders in May 2014.  At March 31, 2020, this plan had 2,540,097 shares of common stock remaining available for future issuances.

Long-term Equity-based Awards – Performance-based Restricted Stock Units (“RSUs”)

RSU activity and related information for the quarter ended March 31, 2020 is summarized below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average

 

 

 

Number of

 

 

Grant Date

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Fair Value

 

Unvested RSU awards outstanding at December 31, 2019

 

 

538,945

 

 

$

8.50

 

Grants

 

 

191,314

 

 

 

8.03

 

Forfeitures

 

 

(148,894

)

 

 

10.52

 

Unvested RSU awards outstanding at March 31, 2020

 

 

581,365

 

 

 

7.83

 

During the quarters ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company recognized in Compensation-related expense $270,000 and $578,000, respectively, related to this program. Unrecognized estimated compensation expense for these awards totaled $2.2 million at March 31, 2020, to be expensed over a weighted average period of 1.6 years (assumes estimated attainment levels for the related performance metrics will be met).

Dividends accrue from the date of grant and will be paid in cash to the extent the units convert into shares of common stock following completion of the related performance periods. If these shares do not vest, the related dividends will be forfeited.  Included in Common stock dividends payable at March 31, 2020 are estimated dividends payable pertaining to these awards of $185,000.

-19-


 

Long-term Equity-based Awards – Restricted Stock Awards

Restricted stock award activity for the quarter ended March 31, 2020 is summarized below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average

 

 

 

Number of

 

 

Grant Date

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Fair Value

 

Unvested stock awards outstanding at December 31, 2019

 

 

615,045

 

 

$

8.14

 

Grants

 

 

236,708

 

 

 

7.86

 

Vestings

 

 

(112,306

)

 

 

10.41

 

Unvested stock awards outstanding at March 31, 2020

 

 

739,447

 

 

 

7.71

 

 

During the quarters ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company recognized in Compensation-related expense $433,000 and $408,000, respectively, related to amortization of the grant date fair value of employee stock awards.  In addition, during the quarters ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company recognized in Other general and administrative expense $131,000 and $123,000, respectively, related to amortization of the grant date fair value of director stock awards.  Unrecognized compensation expense for unvested stock awards for employees and directors totaled $3.3 million as of March 31, 2020, to be expensed over a weighted average period of 1.5 years.

Service-based stock awards issued to non-executive employees and to directors receive dividends on a current basis without risk of forfeiture if the related awards do not vest.  Stock awards issued to executives defer the payment of dividends accruing between the grant dates and the end of related service periods.  If these awards do not vest, the related accrued dividends will be forfeited. Included in Common stock dividend payable at March 31, 2020 are estimated dividends payable pertaining to these awards totaling $280,000.

-20-


 

ITEM 2.    MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL

CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

FINANCIAL CONDITION

Overview

Capstead operates as a self-managed REIT earning income from investing in a leveraged portfolio of residential mortgage pass-through securities consisting almost exclusively of short-duration ARM Agency Securities, which reset to more current interest rates within a relatively short period of time and are considered to have limited, if any, credit risk.  See NOTE 1 to the consolidated financial statements (included under Item 1 of this report) for defined terms used in this discussion and analysis.  By investing in short-duration ARM Agency Securities, the Company is positioned to benefit from future recoveries in financing spreads and experience smaller fluctuations in portfolio values compared to leveraged portfolios containing a significant amount of longer-duration ARM or fixed-rate mortgage securities.  Duration is a common measure of market price sensitivity to interest rate movements.  A shorter duration generally indicates less interest rate risk.

 

Capstead reported for GAAP purposes a net loss of $205 million representing a loss per diluted common share of $(2.21) for the quarter ended March 31, 2020. The Company reported core earnings of $20 million or $0.16 per diluted common share for the quarter ended March 31, 2020.  See “Reconciliation of GAAP and non-GAAP Financial Measures” for more information on core earnings. The GAAP loss includes $156 million in losses on hedging-related derivatives due primarily to declining interest rates and $68 million in losses on the sale of $2.60 billion (basis) in ARM securities late in the quarter in order to ensure the Company had sufficient flexibility to meet future projected liquidity requirements while maintaining portfolio leverage at comfortable levels given disruptions experienced in the fixed income markets brought on by the novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) pandemic. At March 31, 2020, the Company has met is liquidity requirements and given current conditions does not expect to make similar sales. GAAP and core earnings in the first quarter of 2020 benefited from lower secured borrowings rates primarily due to a total of 150 basis points in reductions in the Fed Funds rate in March and favorable terms on new interest rate swap agreements entered into during the quarter. These benefits more than offset lower portfolio yields due to lower coupon interest rates on loans underlying the Company’s ARM Agency Securities as well as changes in lifetime prepayment estimates. Book value per common share declined $2.55 per share during the quarter to $6.07 per share at March 31, 2020 primarily due to the derivative- and portfolio-related declines noted above.

 

Capstead finances its residential mortgage investments by leveraging its long-term investment capital with secured borrowings consisting primarily of borrowings under repurchase arrangements with commercial banks and other financial institutions.  Long-term investment capital declined $230 million during the first quarter of 2020 to $942 million at March 31, 2020, consisting of $593 million of common and $251 million of preferred stockholders’ equity (recorded amounts), together with $98 million of unsecured borrowings maturing in 2035 and 2036.  

 

Capstead’s residential mortgage portfolio decreased $2.72 billion during first quarter of 2020 to $8.50 billion at March 31, 2020 due primarily to asset sales and not replacing a portion of the Company’s portfolio runoff. Secured borrowings decreased $1.90 billion to $8.38 billion as a result of lower portfolio balances.  Portfolio leverage (secured borrowings excluding $359 million in cash collateral pledged to secured borrowing counterparties divided by long-term investment capital) decreased to 8.51 to one at March 31, 2020 from 8.77 to one at December 31, 2019.  Management continuously evaluates portfolio leverage levels in light of changes in market conditions.

 

-21-


 

COVID-19

 

An unprecedented, near-total shutdown of the U.S. economy beginning in March due to the COVID-19 pandemic heightened fears of extremely high credit default levels and recession, leading to de-risking occurring at all levels of the fixed income markets. Credit asset pricing came under severe pressure destabilizing fixed income markets and leading to lender margin calls, feeding additional selling as levered and even unlevered investors across the spectrum were forced to sell their most liquid positions to raise cash to meet additional margin calls and/or fund redemptions. Investors were already coming under stress due to declining Treasury rates which led to losses on derivatives held for hedging purposes and variation (valuation-based) margin calls.  As the crisis deepened this additional drain on liquidity became more pronounced and included increased initial (base haircut) margin requirements due to heightened market volatility.  The end result was sharply falling asset prices even as market interest rates declined.  As a direct consequence, losses on derivatives were not offset by portfolio valuation gains leading to a significant decline in book value.

 

Intervention by the Federal Reserve in the form of the buying of fixed-rate Agency Securities late in March helped stabilize this key market sector leading to improved pricing levels for fixed-rate Agency Securities at quarter-end.  While the Federal Reserve has not purchased ARM Agency Securities specifically, these actions also contributed to a more stable operating environment going forward for Capstead, leading to improved pricing levels for ARM Agency Securities subsequent to quarter-end. Looking forward, Capstead expects the lag in ARM pricing relative to fixed rate agency securities will dissipate over time.  

The Company’s potential liquidity at March 31, 2020 was $422 million. Throughout this period of volatility Capstead met all of its funding requirements and believes it has ample access to necessary financing through its existing lending counterparties. See “Utilization of Long-term Investment Capital and Potential Liquidity” for further discussion.

 

The Company implemented portions of its business continuity plan and has not experienced any operational disruption due to its small number of employees who are all able to work remotely. Management will continue to closely monitor the development of the pandemic and adapt its response as necessary to ensure there is no operational disruption during this time.

Recent Common Equity Issuances

During the quarter ended March 31, 2020, Capstead issued 1.6 million shares of common stock through an at-the-market continuous offering program at an average issue price of $8.21, net of fees and other costs, for net proceeds of $12.9 million. Additional amounts of equity capital may be raised in the future under continuous offering programs or by other means, subject to market conditions, compliance with federal securities laws and blackout periods.

Book Value per Common Share

Book value per share (total stockholders’ equity, less liquidation preferences for outstanding shares of preferred stock, divided by outstanding shares of common stock) as of March 31, 2020 was $6.07 per share, a decrease of $2.55 per share or 30% from December 31, 2019 book value of $8.62 per share, primarily reflecting $1.84 per share in derivative-related declines in value, and $0.69 per share in portfolio-related declines.

-22-


 

All but $2 million of Capstead’s residential mortgage investments portfolio and all of its derivatives are recorded at fair value on the Company’s balance sheet and are therefore included in the calculation of book value per common share. None of the Company’s borrowings are recorded at fair value. See NOTE 9 to the consolidated financial statements (included under Item 1 of this report) for additional disclosures regarding fair values of financial instruments held or issued by the Company.

 

Fair value is impacted by market conditions, including changes in interest rates, and the availability of financing at reasonable rates and leverage levels, among other factors.  The Company’s investment strategy attempts to mitigate these risks by focusing on investments in Agency Securities, which are considered to have little, if any, credit risk and are collateralized by ARM loans with interest rates that reset periodically to more current levels, generally within five years.  Because of these characteristics, the fair value of the Company’s portfolio is considerably less vulnerable to significant pricing declines caused by credit concerns or rising interest rates compared to leveraged portfolios containing a significant amount of non-agency securities or longer-duration ARM and/or fixed-rate Agency Securities.  

Residential Mortgage Investments

The following table illustrates Capstead’s portfolio of residential mortgage investments for the quarter ended March 31, 2020 (dollars in thousands):

Residential mortgage investments, beginning of quarter

 

$

11,222,182

 

Portfolio acquisitions (principal amount)

 

 

794,227

 

Investment premiums on acquisitions

 

 

20,320

 

Portfolio runoff (principal amount)

 

 

(912,099

)

Sales of investments (basis)

 

 

(2,600,857

)

Investment premium amortization

 

 

(20,691

)

Increase in net unrealized gains on securities

   classified as available-for-sale

 

 

89

 

Residential mortgage investments, end of quarter

 

$

8,503,171

 

Decrease in residential mortgage investments during the

   quarter

 

$

(2,719,011

)

Capstead’s investment strategy focuses on managing a portfolio of residential mortgage investments consisting almost exclusively of ARM Agency Securities.  Agency Securities are considered to have limited, if any, credit risk because the timely payment of principal and interest is guaranteed by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, which are federally chartered corporations, or Ginnie Mae, which is an agency of the federal government.  Federal government support for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac has largely alleviated market concerns regarding the ability of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac to fulfill their guarantee obligations.  

By focusing on investing in short-duration ARM Agency Securities, changes in fair value caused by changes in interest rates are typically relatively modest compared to changes in fair value of longer-duration ARM or fixed-rate assets. This investment strategy positions the Company to benefit from potential recoveries in financing spreads.

Capstead classifies its ARM securities based on the average length of time until the loans underlying each security reset to more current rates (“months-to-roll”) (less than 18 months for “current-reset” ARM securities, and 18 months or greater for “longer-to-reset” ARM securities).  The Company’s ARM holdings featured the following characteristics at March 31, 2020 (dollars in thousands):

-23-


 

ARM Type

 

Amortized

Cost Basis (a)

 

Net

WAC (b)

 

Fully

Indexed

WAC (b)

 

Average

Net

Margins (b)

 

Average

Periodic

Caps (c)

 

Average

Lifetime

Caps (c)

 

Months

To

Roll

Current-reset ARMs:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fannie Mae Agency Securities

$

2,480,626

 

3.53

%

2.68

%

1.65

%

2.74

%

5.86

%

6.4

Freddie Mac Agency Securities

 

814,484

 

3.46

 

2.64

 

1.74

 

2.21

 

5.30

 

7.6

Ginnie Mae Agency Securities

 

180,834

 

3.44

 

1.72

 

1.52

 

1.12

 

5.38

 

6.5

Residential mortgage loans

 

490

 

4.15

 

4.69

 

2.09

 

1.73

 

11.24

 

6.0

(41% of total)

 

3,476,434

 

3.50

 

2.62

 

1.66

 

2.53

 

5.71

 

6.7

Longer-to-reset ARMs:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fannie Mae Agency Securities

 

2,799,738

 

3.13

 

2.57

 

1.60

 

4.03

 

5.01

 

52.6

Freddie Mac Agency Securities

 

1,465,504

 

3.14

 

2.66

 

1.67

 

4.20

 

5.04

 

58.4

Ginnie Mae Agency Securities

 

715,072

 

3.69

 

1.67

 

1.50

 

1.00

 

5.00

 

46.4

(59% of total)

 

4,980,314

 

3.21

 

2.47

 

1.61

 

3.65

 

5.02

 

53.4

 

$

8,456,748

 

3.33

 

2.53

 

1.63

 

3.19

 

5.30

 

34.3

Gross WAC (rate paid by

   borrowers) (c)

 

 

 

3.96

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(a)

Amortized cost basis represents the Company’s investment (unpaid principal balance plus unamortized investment premiums) before unrealized gains and losses.  At March 31, 2020, the ratio of amortized cost basis to unpaid principal balance for the Company’s ARM holdings was 102.87.  This table excludes $1 million in fixed-rate agency-guaranteed mortgage pass-through securities, residential mortgage loans and private residential mortgage pass-through securities held as collateral for structured financings.  

(b)

Net WAC, or weighted average coupon, is the weighted average interest rate of the mortgage loans underlying the indicated investments, net of servicing and other fees as of the indicated date. Net WAC is expressed as a percentage calculated on an annualized basis on the unpaid principal balances of the mortgage loans underlying these investments.  As such, it is similar to the cash yield on the portfolio which is calculated using amortized cost basis.  Fully indexed WAC represents the weighted average coupon upon one or more resets using interest rate indexes and net margins as of the indicated date.  Average net margins represent the weighted average levels over the underlying indexes that the portfolio can adjust to upon reset, usually subject to initial, periodic and/or lifetime caps on the amount of such adjustments during any single interest rate adjustment period and over the contractual term of the underlying loans.  

(c)

ARM securities with initial fixed-rate periods of five years or longer typically have either 200 or 500 basis point initial caps (and floors) with 200 basis point periodic caps (and floors).  Additionally, certain ARM securities held by the Company are subject only to lifetime caps or are not subject to a cap. Nearly all ARM securities held by the Company have lifetime floors equal to their net margins. For presentation purposes, average periodic caps in the table above reflect initial caps until after an ARM security has reached its initial reset date and lifetime caps, less the current net WAC, for ARM securities subject only to lifetime caps.  At quarter-end, 66% of current-reset ARMs were subject to periodic caps averaging 1.90%; 25% were subject to initial caps averaging 2.84%; 8% were subject to lifetime caps averaging 6.63%; and less than 1% were uncapped.  All longer-to-reset ARM securities at March 31, 2020 were subject to initial caps.  

(d)

Gross WAC is the weighted average interest rate of the mortgage loans underlying the indicated investments, including servicing and other fees paid by borrowers, as of the indicated balance sheet date.

Approximately 25%, or $834 million of the Company’s current-reset ARM securities with average net WACs of 2.68% and fully-indexed WACs of 2.60% will reset in rate for the first time in less than 18 months based on indices in effect at March 31, 2020. After consideration of any applicable initial fixed-rate periods, at March 31, 2020 approximately 90%, 5% and 3% of the Company’s ARM securities were backed by mortgage loans that reset annually, semi-annually and monthly, respectively, while approximately 2% reset every five years. Approximately 3% of the Company’s ARM securities were backed by interest-only loans, with remaining interest-only payment periods averaging 15 months at March 31, 2020.  All percentages are based on averages of the characteristics of mortgage loans underlying each security and calculated using unpaid principal balances as of the indicated date.  

-24-


 

Secured Borrowings and Related Derivatives Held for Hedging Purposes

Capstead has traditionally financed its residential mortgage investments by leveraging its long-term investment capital with secured borrowings consisting primarily of borrowings under repurchase arrangements with commercial banks and other financial institutions that involve the sale and a simultaneous agreement to repurchase the transferred assets at a future date and are accounted for as financings.  The Company maintains the beneficial interest in the specific securities pledged during the term of each repurchase arrangement and receives the related principal and interest payments.  

 

The terms and conditions of secured borrowings are negotiated on a transaction-by-transaction basis when each such borrowing is initiated or renewed.  None of the Company’s counterparties are obligated to renew or otherwise enter into new borrowings at the conclusion of existing borrowings. Collateral requirements in excess of amounts borrowed (referred to as “haircuts”) averaged 4.59 percent of the fair value of pledged residential mortgage pass-through securities at March 31, 2020.  After considering haircuts and related interest receivable on the collateral, as well as interest payable on these borrowings, the Company had $493 million of capital at risk with its lending counterparties at March 31, 2020.  The Company did not have capital at risk with any single counterparty exceeding 8% of total stockholders’ equity at March 31, 2020.

Secured borrowing rates are generally fixed based on prevailing rates corresponding to the terms of the borrowings. Interest may be paid monthly or at the termination of a borrowing at which time the Company may enter into a new borrowing at prevailing haircuts and rates with the same counterparty or repay that counterparty and negotiate financing with a different counterparty.  When the fair value of pledged securities declines due to changes in market conditions or the publishing of monthly security pay-down factors, lenders typically require the Company to post additional securities as collateral, pay down borrowings or fund cash margin accounts with the counterparties in order to re-establish the agreed-upon collateral requirements, referred to as margin calls.  Conversely, if collateral fair values increase, lenders are required to release collateral back to the Company pursuant to Company-issued margin calls.  

 

As of March 31, 2020, the Company’s secured borrowings totaled $8.38 billion with 20 counterparties at average rates of 1.22%, before the effects of currently-paying interest rate swap agreements.  The Company typically uses interest rate swap agreements with terms between 18 and 36 months and variable rate receipts primarily based on three-month LIBOR or Fed Funds to help mitigate exposure to rising short-term interest rates.  In the first quarter of 2020, the Company reduced its swap positions by $3.00 billion notional amount in light of asset sales. At quarter-end the Company held $4.40 billion notional amount of these derivatives at fixed rates averaging 1.44% with contract expirations occurring at various dates through the first quarter of 2022 and a weighted average expiration of 16 months.  In addition, at quarter-end the Company held a series of $500 million notional amount three-month Eurodollar futures contracts with a weighted average rate of 1.62% with maturities through June 2020.

 

Including the effects of these derivatives, the Company’s residential mortgage investments and secured borrowings had estimated durations at March 31, 2020 of 15 months and nine months, respectively for a net duration gap of approximately six months – see “Interest Rate Risk” for further information about the Company’s sensitivity to changes in market interest rates.  The Company intends to continue to manage interest rate risk associated with holding and financing its residential mortgage investments by utilizing suitable derivatives such as interest rate swap agreements, Eurodollar futures and longer-maturity secured borrowings, if available at attractive rates and terms.  

 

-25-


 

Utilization of Long-term Investment Capital and Potential Liquidity

Capstead’s investment strategy involves managing an appropriately leveraged portfolio of ARM Agency Securities that management believes can produce attractive risk-adjusted returns over the long term, while reducing, but not eliminating, sensitivity to changes in interest rates.  The potential liquidity inherent in the Company’s unencumbered residential mortgage investments is as important as the actual level of cash and cash equivalents carried on the balance sheet because secured borrowings generally can be increased or decreased on a daily basis to meet cash flow requirements and otherwise manage capital resources efficiently.  Potential liquidity is affected by, among other factors:

 

current portfolio leverage levels,

 

changes in market value of assets pledged and derivatives held for hedging purposes as determined by lending and swap counterparties,

 

mortgage prepayment levels,

 

collateral requirements of lending and derivative counterparties, and

 

general conditions in the commercial banking and mortgage finance industries.

Capstead’s utilization of its long-term investment capital and its estimated potential liquidity were as follows as of March 31, 2020 in comparison with December 31, 2019 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

Investments (a)

 

 

Secured

Borrowings

 

 

Capital

Employed

 

 

Potential

Liquidity (b)

 

 

Portfolio

Leverage(d)

Residential mortgage investments

 

$

8,503,171

 

 

$

8,379,422

 

 

$

123,749

 

 

$

92,328

 

 

 

Cash collateral receivable from

   derivative counterparties, net (c)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

45,067

 

 

 

 

 

Other assets, net of other liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

773,226

 

 

 

329,448

 

 

 

Balances as of March 31, 2020:

 

$

8,503,171

 

 

$

8,379,422

 

 

$

942,042

 

 

$

421,776

 

 

8.51:1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balances as of December 31, 2019

 

$

11,222,182

 

 

$

10,275,413

 

 

$

1,172,125

 

 

$

537,134

 

 

8.77:1

 

(a)

Investments are stated at balance sheet carrying amounts, which generally reflect estimated fair value as of the indicated dates.

(b)

Potential liquidity is based on maximum amounts of borrowings available under existing uncommitted financing arrangements considering management’s estimate of the fair value of residential mortgage investments held as of the indicated dates adjusted for other sources of liquidity such as cash and cash equivalents and cash collateral pledged to secured borrowing counterparties.

(c)

Cash collateral receivable from derivative counterparties is presented net of cash collateral payable to derivative counterparties, if applicable, and the fair value of interest rate swap positions as of the indicated date.

(d)

Excludes $359 million in cash collateral pledged to secured borrowing counterparties as of March 31, 2020 that was returned in April.

In order to efficiently manage its liquidity and capital resources, Capstead attempts to maintain sufficient liquidity reserves to fund borrowing and derivative margin calls under stressed market conditions, including margin calls resulting from monthly principal payments (remitted to the Company 20 to 45 days after any given month-end), as well as reasonably possible declines in the market value of pledged assets and derivative positions.  Should market conditions deteriorate, management may reduce portfolio leverage and increase liquidity by raising new equity capital, selling mortgage securities and/or curtailing the replacement of portfolio runoff.  Additionally, the Company routinely does business with a large number of lending counterparties, which bolsters financial flexibility to address challenging market conditions and limits exposure to any individual counterparty.  

 

In March 2020, volatility spiked in the fixed income and equity markets in general and the mortgage market in particular as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Throughout this period of volatility, the Company met all of its funding requirements and believes it has ample access to necessary financing through its existing lending counterparties. In order to ensure sufficient flexibility to meet future projected liquidity requirements while maintaining portfolio leverage at comfortable levels, the Company sold a

-26-


 

portion of its portfolio in late March, ceased replacing portfolio runoff and reduced its swap positions. The Company also raised $12.9 million in new common equity capital during February 2020 utilizing its at-the-market continuous issuance program. Future levels of portfolio leverage will be dependent on many factors, including the size and composition of the Company’s investment portfolio (see “Liquidity and Capital Resources”). After not replacing April portfolio runoff and with book value modestly higher on April 30th, portfolio leverage was estimated to be 7.8 to one. The Company anticipates replacing runoff for May and future months if market conditions allow.

Reconciliation of GAAP and non-GAAP Financial Measures

Management believes the presentation of core earnings and core earnings per common share, both non-GAAP financial measures, when analyzed in conjunction with the Company’s GAAP operating results, allows investors to more effectively evaluate the Company’s performance and provide investors management’s view of the Company’s economic performance. The Company defines core earnings as GAAP net income (loss) excluding (a) unrealized (gain) loss on derivative instruments, (b) realized loss (gain) on termination of derivative instruments, (c) amortization of unrealized (gain) loss of derivative instruments held at the time of de-designation, and (d) realized loss (gain) on securities. The following reconciles GAAP net (loss) income and net (loss) income per diluted common share to core earnings and core earnings per common share:

 

 

Quarter Ended March 31

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

 

Amount

 

 

Per Share

 

 

Amount

 

 

Per Share

 

Net loss

 

$

(204,653

)

 

$

(2.21

)

 

$

(7,746

)

 

$

(0.15

)

Unrealized (gain) loss on

   non-designated derivative

   instruments

 

 

56,182

 

 

 

0.59

 

 

 

26,237

 

 

 

0.31

 

Realized loss (net) on termination of

   derivative instruments

 

 

100,565

 

 

 

1.06

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortization of unrealized

   gain, net of unrealized

   losses on de-designated

   derivative instruments

 

 

(103

)

 

 

(0.00

)

 

 

(3,020

)

 

 

(0.04

)

Realized loss on sale of

   investments

 

 

67,820

 

 

 

0.72

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Core earnings

 

$

19,811

 

 

$

0.16

 

 

$

15,471

 

 

$

0.12

 

-27-


 

Management believes that presenting financing spreads on residential mortgage investments, a non-GAAP financial measure, provides useful information for evaluating the performance of the Company’s portfolio as opposed to total financing spreads because the non-GAAP measure speaks specifically to the performance of the Company’s investment portfolio.  The following reconciles these measures for the indicated periods:

 

 

Quarter Ended March 31

 

 

 

2020

 

 

 

2019

 

Total financing spreads

 

 

0.66

%

 

 

 

0.42

%

Impact of yields on other

   interest-earning assets (a)

 

 

0.02

 

 

 

 

 

Impact of borrowing rates on other

   interest-paying liabilities (a)

 

 

0.05

 

 

 

 

0.05

 

Impact of amortization of unrealized

   gain, net of unrealized losses on

   de-designated Derivatives

 

 

(0.00

)

 

 

 

(0.11

)

Impact of net interest cash flows on

   non-designated Derivatives

 

 

0.04

 

 

 

 

0.16

 

Financing spreads on residential

   mortgage investments

 

 

0.77

 

 

 

 

0.52

 

(a)

Other interest-earning assets consist of overnight investments and cash collateral receivable from derivative counterparties. Other interest-paying liabilities consist of unsecured borrowings and, at times, cash collateral payable to interest rate swap counterparties.

-28-


 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

 

Quarter Ended

 

 

 

March 31

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Income statement data: (in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income on residential mortgage investments

 

$

69,228

 

 

$

83,807

 

Related interest expense

 

 

(45,273

)

 

 

(63,779

)

 

 

 

23,955

 

 

 

20,028

 

Other interest income (expense)

 

 

(1,501

)

 

 

(1,469

)

 

 

 

22,454

 

 

 

18,559

 

Other expense:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss on derivative instruments (net)

 

 

(155,739

)

 

 

(21,657

)

Loss on sale of investments (net)

 

 

(67,820

)

 

 

 

Compensation-related expense

 

 

(2,204

)

 

 

(3,609

)

Other general and administrative expense

 

 

(1,202

)

 

 

(1,128

)

Miscellaneous other (expense) revenue

 

 

(142

)

 

 

89

 

 

 

 

(227,107

)

 

 

(26,305

)

Net loss

 

$

(204,653

)

 

$

(7,746

)

Net loss per diluted common share

 

$

(2.21

)

 

$

(0.15

)

Average diluted shares outstanding

 

 

94,897

 

 

 

84,894

 

Core earnings (a)

 

$

19,811

 

 

$

15,471

 

Core earnings per diluted common share (a)

 

 

0.16

 

 

 

0.12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Key operating statistics: (dollars in millions)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average yields:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential mortgage investments

 

 

2.49

%

 

 

2.75

%

Other interest-earning assets

 

 

1.14

 

 

 

2.32

 

Total average yields

 

 

2.47

 

 

 

2.75

 

Average borrowing rates:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Secured borrowings (a)(b)

 

 

1.72

 

 

 

2.23

 

Unsecured borrowings

 

 

7.72

 

 

 

7.69

 

Total average borrowing rates

 

 

1.77

 

 

 

2.28

 

Average total financing spreads

 

 

0.66

 

 

 

0.42

 

Average financing spreads on residential mortgage investments (a)

 

 

0.77

 

 

 

0.52

 

Average CPR

 

 

26.71

 

 

 

20.62

 

Average balance information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential mortgage investments (cost basis)

 

$

11,124

 

 

$

12,169

 

Other interest-earning assets

 

 

141

 

 

 

72

 

Secured borrowings

 

 

10,338

 

 

 

11,157

 

Unsecured borrowings (included in long-term

   investment capital)

 

 

98

 

 

 

98

 

Long-term investment capital (“LTIC”)

 

 

1,124

 

 

 

1,162

 

Operating costs as a percentage of average LTIC

 

 

1.22

%

 

 

1.32

%

Return on average common equity capital (c)

 

 

7.77

 

 

 

5.33

 

 

(a)

See “Reconciliation of GAAP and non-GAAP Financing Measures” for a reconciliation of these financial measures and the Company’s rationale for using these non-GAAP financial measures.

(b)

Secured borrowing rates exclude the effects of amortization of the net unrealized gains and losses included in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) upon de-designation in 2019 of related derivatives held for hedging purposes of (0.00)% and (0.11)% and include net interest cash flows from that date on non-designated derivatives of 0.04% and 0.16% for the quarters ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, to better compare the components of financing spreads on residential mortgage investments with prior periods.

(c)

Calculated using core earnings less preferred dividends on an annualized basis over average common equity for the period.

 

 

-29-


 

Capstead reported for GAAP purposes a net loss of $205 million or $(2.21) per diluted common share during the quarter ended March 31, 2020. This compares to a GAAP net loss of $8 million or $(0.15) per diluted common share for the same period in 2019.  GAAP net income was negatively impacted during the quarter primarily by losses on derivatives of $156 million due largely to lower prevailing interest rates and losses on sales of investments of $68 million.

Capstead’s core earnings, a non-GAAP financial measure, totaled $20 million or $0.16 per diluted common share for the quarter ended March 31, 2020, compared to core earnings of $15 million or $0.12 per diluted common share for the same period in 2019.  Core earnings in 2019 benefited from lower borrowing rates while being negatively impacted by lower yields on its residential mortgage investments.    

Interest income on residential mortgage investments was lower by $14.6 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2020 compared to the same period in 2019.  This decrease is attributable to $7.7 million in decreases related to lower average yields and $6.9 million in decreases related to lower average portfolio balances.

Yields on residential mortgage investments for the quarter ended March 31, 2020 decreased 26 basis points compared to the same period in 2019, averaging 2.49% primarily due to larger adjustments for investment premium amortization as a result of changes in lifetime prepayment estimates. Yields were also negatively impacted by lower cash yields in the first quarter compared to the same period in 2019 due largely to ARM loan coupon interest rates resetting lower to more current rates. Asset sales in response to the COVID-19 market disruptions had little effect on first quarter 2020 earnings because they occurred late in March.

Interest expense on secured borrowings was lower by $18.5 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2020 compared to the same period in 2019.  This decrease is attributable to $14.1 million in decreases related to lower average borrowing rates and $4.4 million in decreases related to lower average borrowings.

Secured borrowing rates, after adjusting for hedging activities, decreased 51 basis points for the quarter ended March 31, 2020 compared to the same period in 2019 to average 1.72%. Market conditions contributed to lower borrowing rates, including three 25 basis point decreases in the Federal Funds rate in 2019 followed by 150 basis points in rate cuts in March 2020. Average fixed-rate swap payment rates were 162 basis points for the quarter ended March 31, 2020 compared to 201 basis points for the same period in 2019. This decline was largely due to efforts to reposition the swap portfolio to take advantage of declining market interest rates over the course of 2019 and a reduction in swap positions due to asset sales in the first quarter of 2020. Currently-paying swap balances were lower, averaging $7.10 billion for the quarter ended March 31, 2020 compared to $7.30 billion for the same period in 2019.  Future secured borrowing rates will be dependent on market conditions, including overall levels of market interest rates as well as the availability of longer-maturity borrowings and interest rate swap agreements at attractive rates.

 

Total operating costs, which include Compensation-related expense and Other general and administrative expense, during the quarter ended March 31, 2020 were lower by $1.3 million compared to the same period in 2019. The variance was primarily related to $1.4 million in lower incentive compensation expense during the first quarter of 2020.

-30-


 

liquidity and capital resources

Capstead’s primary sources of funds are secured borrowings and monthly principal and interest payments on its investments.  Other sources of funds may include proceeds from debt and equity offerings and asset sales. The timing, manner, price and amount of any future common and preferred issuances and any common stock repurchases will be made in the open market at the Company’s discretion, subject to economic and market conditions, stock price, compliance with federal securities laws and tax regulations as well as blackout periods associated with the dissemination of important Company-specific news.  

 

The Company generally uses its liquidity to pay down secured borrowings to reduce borrowing costs and otherwise efficiently manage its long-term investment capital.  Because the level of these borrowings can generally be adjusted on a daily basis, the Company’s potential liquidity inherent in its unencumbered residential mortgage investments is as important as the level of cash and cash equivalents carried on the balance sheet.  The table included under “Utilization of Long-term Investment Capital and Potential Liquidity” illustrates management’s estimate of additional funds potentially available to the Company at March 31, 2020. The discussion accompanying this table and under “COVID-19” provides insight into the Company’s current liquidity position and perspective on what level of portfolio leverage to employ under current market conditions.  The Company currently believes that it has sufficient liquidity and capital resources available for the acquisition of additional investments, repayments on borrowings and the payment of cash dividends as required for the Company’s continued qualification as a REIT.  

Capstead finances its residential mortgage investments primarily by borrowing under repurchase arrangements, the terms and conditions of which are negotiated on a transaction-by-transaction basis, when each such borrowing is initiated or renewed.

Future borrowings are dependent upon the willingness of lenders to participate in the financing of Agency Securities, lender collateral requirements and the lenders’ determination of the fair value of the securities pledged as collateral, which fluctuates with changes in interest rates and liquidity conditions within the commercial banking and mortgage finance industries.  None of the Company’s borrowing counterparties are obligated to renew or otherwise enter into new borrowings at the conclusion of existing borrowings.  After the sale of $2.60 billion (basis) in ARM Agency Securities late in March in response to COVID-19 market disruptions, secured borrowings totaled $8.38 billion at March 31, 2020, all maturing within 90 days.  Secured borrowings began the year at $10.28 billion and averaged $10.34 billion during the quarter ended March 31, 2020.  Average secured borrowings can differ from period-end balances for a number of reasons including portfolio growth or contraction, as well as differences in the timing of portfolio acquisitions relative to portfolio runoff.  

To help mitigate exposure to rising short-term interest rates, the Company uses derivatives supplemented with longer-maturity secured borrowings when available at attractive rates and terms.  At quarter-end the Company held $4.40 billion notional amount of portfolio financing-related interest rate swap agreements with contract expirations occurring at various dates through the first quarter of 2022 and a weighted average expiration of 16 months. In addition, at quarter-end the Company held a series of $500 million notional amount three-month Eurodollar futures contracts with a weighted average rate of 1.62% with maturities through June 2020. The Company also holds swap agreements effectively locking in lower fixed rates of interest during the 20-year floating rate terms of the Company’s $100 million face amount of unsecured borrowings that mature in 2035 and 2036.  The Company intends to continue to utilize suitable derivatives such as interest rate swap agreements or other derivatives and longer-maturity secured borrowings to manage interest rate risk when available at attractive rates and terms.

During the quarter ended March 31, 2020, Capstead issued 1.6 million shares of common stock through an at-the-market continuous offering program at an average issue price of $8.21, net of fees and other costs, for net proceeds of $12.9 million. Additional amounts of equity capital may be raised in the future

-31-


 

under continuous offering programs or by other means, subject to market conditions, compliance with federal securities laws and blackout periods.

Interest Rate Risk

Because Capstead’s residential mortgage investments consist almost entirely of Agency Securities, which are considered to have limited, if any, credit risk, interest rate risk is the primary market risk faced by the Company.  Interest rate risk is highly sensitive to a number of factors, including economic conditions, government fiscal policy, central bank monetary policy and banking regulation.  By focusing on investing in relatively short-duration ARM Agency Securities, declines in fair value caused by increases in interest rates are typically relatively modest compared to investments in longer-duration ARM or fixed-rate assets.  These declines can be recovered in a relatively short period of time as coupon interest rates on the underlying mortgage loans reset to rates more reflective of the then-current interest rate environment.  This strategy also positions the Company to benefit from future recoveries in financing spreads that typically contract during periods of rising interest rates.  

Derivatives and longer-maturity secured borrowings transactions lengthen the effective duration of the Company’s secured borrowings to more closely match the duration of its portfolio of residential mortgage investments.  Including the effects of derivatives held to hedge changes in secured borrowing rates, at March 31, 2020 the Company’s residential mortgage investments and secured borrowings had estimated durations of approximately 15 months and nine months, respectively, for a net duration gap of approximately six months.  The Company intends to continue to manage interest rate risk associated with holding and financing its residential mortgage investments by utilizing suitable interest rate swap agreements or other derivatives and longer-maturity secured borrowings, if available at attractive rates and terms.

Capstead performs sensitivity analyses to estimate the effects that specific interest rate changes can reasonably be expected to have on net interest margins and portfolio values.  All investments, secured borrowings and related derivatives held are included in these analyses.  For net interest margin modeling purposes, the model incorporates management’s assumptions for mortgage prepayment levels for a given interest rate change using market-based estimates of prepayment speeds for the purpose of amortizing investment premiums and reinvesting portfolio runoff.  These assumptions are developed through a combination of historical analysis and expectations for future pricing behavior under normal market conditions unaffected by changes in market liquidity.  For portfolio valuation modeling purposes, a static portfolio is assumed.

This model is the primary tool used by management to assess the direction and magnitude of changes in net interest margins and portfolio values resulting solely from changes in interest rates.  Key modeling assumptions include mortgage prepayment speeds, adequate levels of market liquidity, current market conditions, and portfolio leverage levels. A floor of 0.00% is assumed for all pertinent indices except the Federal Funds Rate, which has no floor.  However, it is assumed that borrowing rates cannot decline beyond a floor of 0.15%. These assumptions are inherently uncertain and, as a result, modeling cannot precisely estimate the impact of higher or lower interest rates.  Actual results will differ from simulated results due to the timing, magnitude and frequency of interest rate changes, other changes in market conditions, changes in management strategies and other factors.

-32-


 

The table below reflects the estimated impact of instantaneous parallel shifts in the yield curve on net interest margins and the fair value of Capstead’s portfolio of residential mortgage investments and related derivatives at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, subject to the modeling parameters described above.

 

 

 

Federal

Funds

Rate

 

10-year U.S.

Treasury

Rate

 

 

Down

1.00%

 

 

Down

0.50%

 

 

Up

0.50%

 

 

Up

1.00%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Projected 12-month percentage

   change in net interest margins: (a)(b)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

0.00-0.25

%

 

0.67

%

 

 

(32.2

)%

 

 

(8.4

)%

 

 

(2.8

)%

 

 

(4.6

)%

December 31, 2019

 

1.50-1.75

 

 

1.92

 

 

 

1.6

 

 

 

1.2

 

 

 

(0.6

)

 

 

(3.7

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Projected percentage change in

   portfolio and related derivative

   values: (a)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

0.00-0.25

 

 

0.67

 

 

 

0.1

 

 

 

0.1

 

 

 

(0.4

)

 

 

(0.7

)

December 31, 2019

 

1.50-1.75

 

 

1.92

 

 

 

(0.1

)

 

 

0.0

 

 

 

(0.2

)

 

 

(0.4

)

 

 

(a)

Sensitivity of net interest margins as well as portfolio and related derivative values to changes in interest rates is determined relative to the actual rates at the applicable date. Note that the projected 12-month net interest margin change is predicated on acquisitions of similar assets sufficient to replace runoff.  There can be no assurance that suitable investments will be available for purchase at attractive prices, if investments made will behave in the same fashion as assets currently held or if management will choose to replace runoff with such assets.

 

(b)

The change in the projected Down 1.00 and 0.50% scenarios at March 31, 2020 compared to December 31, 2019 primarily relates to the change in interest rate environment caused by the 150 basis point declines in the Federal Funds Rate in March 2020. The model assumes a floor on all pertinent market indices of 0.00% except the Federal Funds Rate, which has no floor. However, borrowing rates cannot decline below 0.15%.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations is based upon Capstead’s consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States.  The preparation of these financial statements requires the use of estimates and judgments that can affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities (including contingencies), revenues and expenses, as well as related disclosures.  These estimates are based on available internal and market information and appropriate valuation methodologies believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the expected useful lives and carrying values of assets and liabilities which can materially affect the determination of net income and book value per common share.  Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

Management believes the following are critical accounting policies in the preparation of Capstead’s consolidated financial statements that involve the use of estimates requiring considerable judgment:

Amortization of investment premiums on residential mortgage investmentsInvestment premiums on residential mortgage investments are recognized in earnings as adjustments to interest income by the interest method over the estimated lives of the related assets.  Amortization is affected by actual portfolio runoff (scheduled and unscheduled principal paydowns) and by estimates and judgments related to future levels of mortgage prepayments that may be necessary to achieve the required effective yield over the estimated life of the related investment.

Mortgage prepayment expectations can change based on how current and projected changes in interest rates impact the economic attractiveness of mortgage refinance opportunities, if available, and

-33-


 

other factors such as lending industry underwriting practices and capacity constraints, regulatory changes, borrower credit profiles and the health of the economy and housing markets.  Management estimates future mortgage prepayments based on these factors and past experiences with specific investments within the portfolio.  Should actual prepayment rates differ materially from these estimates, investment premiums would be expensed at a different pace.

Fair value and impairment accounting for residential mortgage investments – Nearly all of Capstead’s residential mortgage investments are held in the form of mortgage securities that are classified as available-for-sale and recorded at fair value on the balance sheet with unrealized gains and losses recorded in Stockholders’ equity as a component of Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss).  Fair values fluctuate with current and projected changes in interest rates, prepayment expectations and other factors such as market liquidity conditions and the perceived credit quality of Agency Securities.  Judgment is required to interpret market data and develop estimated fair values, particularly in circumstances of deteriorating credit quality and market liquidity.  See NOTE 8 to the consolidated financial statements (included under Item 1 of this report) for discussion of how Capstead values its residential mortgage investments.

Generally, gains or losses are recognized in earnings only if securities are sold; however, if a decline in fair value of a mortgage security below its amortized cost occurs, the difference between amortized cost and fair value would be recognized in earnings as a component of Other revenue (expense) if the decline was credit-related or it was determined to be more likely than not that the Company will incur a loss via an asset sale.  

Accounting for derivative instrumentsDerivatives are recorded as assets or liabilities and carried at fair value.  Fair values fluctuate with current and projected changes in interest rates and other factors such as the Company’s and its counterparties’ nonperformance risk.  Judgment is required to develop estimated fair values.

The accounting for changes in fair value of each derivative held depends on whether it has been designated as an accounting hedge, as well as the type of hedging relationship identified.  To qualify as a cash flow hedge for accounting purposes, at the inception of the hedge relationship the Company must anticipate and document that the hedge relationship will be highly effective and must monitor ongoing effectiveness on at least a quarterly basis.  As long as the hedge relationship remains highly effective, changes in fair value of the derivative are recorded in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss).  Changes in fair value of derivatives not held as accounting hedges, or for which the hedge relationship is deemed to no longer be highly effective and as a result hedge accounting is terminated, are recorded in earnings as a component of Other (expense) income.  

The Company uses derivatives primarily in the form of interest rate swap agreements to hedge the variability in borrowing rates on its secured and unsecured borrowings.  For derivatives designated as accounting hedges, fixed interest payments and variable interest receipts are recorded as an adjustment to interest expense on the related designated borrowings.  For derivatives not designated as accounting hedges, fixed interest payments and variable interest receipts are recorded as a component of Other (expense) income.  For derivatives initially designated as an accounting hedge and subsequently de-designated, any unrealized gain or loss included in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) at the time of de-designation is amortized as an adjustment to interest expense on the related borrowings over the remaining term of the derivatives.   See NOTE 6 to the consolidated financial statements (included under Item 1 of this report) and “Financial Condition – Secured Borrowings” for additional information regarding the Company’s current use of derivatives and its related risk management policies.

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STATEMENT CONCERNING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This document contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.  Forward-looking statements include, without limitation, any statement that may predict, forecast, indicate or imply future results, performance or achievements, and may contain the words “believe,” “anticipate,” “expect,” “estimate,” “intend,” “will be,” “will likely continue,” “will likely result,” or words or phrases of similar meaning.  Forward-looking statements are based largely on the expectations of management and are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties including, but not limited to, the following:

fluctuations in interest rates and levels of mortgage prepayments;

changes in market conditions as a result of federal corporate and individual income tax reform, federal government fiscal challenges and Federal Reserve monetary policy, including policy regarding its holdings of Agency and U.S. Treasury Securities;

liquidity of secondary markets and credit markets, including the availability of financing at reasonable levels and terms to support investing on a leveraged basis;

the impact of differing levels of leverage employed;

changes in legislation or regulation affecting Agency Securities and similar federal government agencies and related guarantees;

deterioration in credit quality and ratings of existing or future issuances of Agency Securities;

the effectiveness of risk management strategies;

the availability of suitable qualifying investments from both an investment return and regulatory perspective;

the availability of new investment capital;

the ability to maintain real estate investment trust (“REIT”) status;

changes in legislation or regulation affecting exemptions for mortgage REITs from regulation under the Investment Company Act of 1940;

negative impacts from the ongoing novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic including on the U.S. or global economy or on our liquidity, financial condition and earnings;

other changes in legislation or regulation affecting the mortgage and banking industries; and

changes in general economic conditions, increases in costs and other general competitive factors.

In light of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, several of the risks and uncertainties described above are more likely to occur and/or the potential impact therefrom is harder to estimate. In particular, the impact of COVID-19 on fluctuations in interest rates and levels of mortgage prepayments, liquidity of secondary markets and credit markets, including the availability of financing at reasonable levels and terms to support investing on a leveraged basis, and changes in general economic conditions, are especially unclear at this time. Given this unprecedented uncertainty, actual results could differ materially from those anticipated or implied in the forward-looking statements included herein. In addition to the above considerations, actual results and liquidity are affected by other risks and uncertainties which could cause actual results to be significantly different from those expressed or implied by any forward-looking statements included herein.  It is not possible to identify all of the risks, uncertainties and other factors that may affect future results.  In light of these risks and uncertainties, the forward-looking events and circumstances discussed herein may not occur and actual results could differ materially from those anticipated or implied in the forward-looking statements.  Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date the statement is made and the Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.  Accordingly, readers of this document are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements included herein.

For a further discussion of these and other factors that could impact our future results and performance, see “Risk Factors” under Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on February 21, 2020.  

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ITEM 3.    QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURE OF MARKET RISKS

The information required by this Item is incorporated by reference to the information included in Item 2.  “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”

Item 4.    Controls and Procedures

As of March 31, 2020, an evaluation was performed under the supervision and with the participation of the Company's management, including the Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”), of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company's disclosure controls and procedures.  Based on that evaluation, the Company's management, including the CEO and CFO, concluded that the Company's disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of March 31, 2020.  There have been no significant changes in the Company's internal controls or in other factors that could significantly affect internal controls subsequent to March 31, 2020.

 

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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

There have been no material changes in our risk factors during the quarter ended March 31, 2020 from those previously disclosed in “Risk Factors” under Part I, Item 1A. of our 2019 Form 10-K, other than set forth below. You should carefully consider the risk factors discussed in our 2019 Form 10-K and below, which could materially affect our business, liquidity, earnings, financial condition and future prospects. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial may also materially adversely affect our business, liquidity, earnings, financial condition and future prospects.

The COVID-19 pandemic and its economic impact may adversely affect our liquidity, financial condition and earnings.

In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of a novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) as a pandemic, which continues to spread throughout the United States. The COVID-19 pandemic is causing significant disruptions and pressure in financial markets. The Federal Reserve has taken a number of actions to support the financial system, including buying agency guaranteed residential and commercial mortgage securities. Additionally, the Fed Funds rate was reduced by 150 basis points. These actions are broadly supportive to the mortgage markets, providing stability and lowering funding costs. However, there is no guarantee that the Federal Reserve attempts to mitigate the economic impact of COVID-19 will be successful in avoiding an adverse impact on our liquidity, financial condition and earnings.

The pandemic may also make financing our operations more difficult or costly. We rely on the use of repurchase agreements and other financings to fund our operations. As a result of the pandemic’s effect on the economy generally, and the mortgage market in particular, our lenders and counterparties may charge higher rates or otherwise make borrowing more costly. Any increases in the cost of financing may have an adverse effect on our earnings. In addition, the significant decrease in economic activity caused by the ongoing pandemic has had and may continue to have a significant adverse effect on the ability of mortgage borrowers to meet their obligations. These difficulties, and the recent declines in interest rates, may also lead to higher rates of refinancing resulting in higher prepayments, which may have an adverse impact on the value of our assets. If the urgent conditions continue or become worse, the negative effects on our results of operations may become more severe.

ITEM 6.    EXHIBITS

 

Exhibit

Number

 

DESCRIPTION

 

 

 

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Exhibit

Number

 

DESCRIPTION

4.4

 

Indenture dated December 15, 2005.(5)

4.5

 

Indenture dated September 11, 2006.(5)

4.6

 

Description of Securities. (6)

10.01

 

Amended and Restated Deferred Compensation Plan.(7)

10.02

 

Amended and Restated 2014 Flexible Incentive Plan.(8)

10.03

 

Amendment No. 1 to the Amended and Restated 2014 Flexible Incentive Plan.(9)

10.04

 

Third Amended and Restated Incentive Bonus Plan.(7)

10.05

 

Form of nonqualified stock option and stock award agreements for non-employee directors.(5)

10.06

 

Form of restricted stock agreement for executive employees. (10)

10.07

 

2018 Long-Term Performance Unit Award Criteria. (10)

10.08

 

Form of performance unit agreement for executive employees. (10)

10.09

 

2019 Annual Incentive Compensation Program. (11)

10.10

 

Form of restricted stock agreement for executive employees. (11)

10.11

 

2019 Long-Term Performance Unit Award Criteria. (11)

10.12

 

Form of performance unit agreement for executive employees. (11)

10.13

 

2020 Annual Incentive Compensation Program. (12)

10.14

 

Form of restricted stock agreement for executive employees. (12)

10.15

 

2020 Long-Term Performance Unit Award Criteria. (12)

10.16

 

Form of performance unit agreement for executive employees. (12)

10.17

 

Form of Change in Control/Severance Agreement for executive officers. (13)

10.18

 

Sales Agreement, dated October 23, 2019, by and between the Company and the Sales Manager. (14)

31.1

 

Certification pursuant to Section 302(a) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002*

31.2

 

Certification pursuant to Section 302(a) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002*

32.1

 

Certification pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002**

32.2

 

Certification pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002**

101.INS

 

Inline XBRL Instance Document – the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.*

101.SCH

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema*

101.CAL

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase*

101.DEF

 

Inline XBRL Additional Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase*

101.LAB

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase*

101.PRE

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase*

104

 

Cover Page Interactive Data File (embedded within the Inline XBRL document)*

 

 

(1)

Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K/A (No. 001-08896) for the year ended December 31, 2012.

 

(2)

Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Registration of Certain Classes of Securities on Form 8-A (No. 001-08896) dated May 13, 2013.

 

(3)

Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K (No. 001-08896), filed on February 3, 2014, for the event dated January 29, 2014.

 

(4)

Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-3 (No. 333-63358) dated June 19, 2001.

 

(5)

Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K (No. 001-08896) for the year ended December 31, 2011.

 

(6)

Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-Q (No. 001-08896) for the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

(7)

Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (No. 001-08896) for the quarter ended June 30, 2019

 

(8)

Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K (No. 001-08896), filed on May 30, 2014, for the event dated May 28, 2014.

 

(9)

Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K (No. 001-08896), filed on February 20, 2015, for the event dated February 20, 2015.

 

(10)

Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K (No. 001-08896), filed on January 4, 2018, for the event dated January 3, 2018.

-38-


 

 

(11)

Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K (No. 001-08896), filed on January 7, 2019, for the event dated January 3, 2019.

 

(12)

Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K (No.001-08896), filed on January 3, 2020, for the event dated January 2, 2020.

 

(13)

Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K (No. 001-08896) for the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

(14)

Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (No. 001-08896) for the quarter ended September 30, 2019.

 

*

Filed herewith

 

**

Furnished herewith

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Company has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

CAPSTEAD MORTGAGE CORPORATION

Registrant

 

 

Date: May 5, 2020

By:

/s/ PHILLIP A. REINSCH

 

 

Phillip A. Reinsch

 

 

President and Chief Executive Officer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Date: May 5, 2020

 

By:

/s/ LANCE J. PHILLIPS

 

 

 

Lance J. Phillips

 

 

 

Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

 

 

 

and Secretary (Principal Financial and

 

 

 

Accounting Officer)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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