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SJW SJW

Filed: 30 Apr 21, 3:59pm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
___________________________________________ 
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to
Commission file number 1-8966
SJW GROUP
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware 77-0066628
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
110 West Taylor Street,San Jose,CA 95110
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(408) 279-7800
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.001 per shareSJWNew York Stock Exchange LLC
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes    No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “non-accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
        Large accelerated filer                  Non-accelerated filer      
        Accelerated filer                  Smaller reporting company  
        Emerging growth company  
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes    No  x
APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE ISSUERS:
As of April 23, 2021, there were 29,789,887 shares of the registrant’s Common Stock outstanding.



FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws relating to future events and future results of SJW Group and its subsidiaries that are based on current expectations, estimates, forecasts, and projections about SJW Group and its subsidiaries and the industries in which SJW Group and its subsidiaries operate and the beliefs and assumptions of the management of SJW Group. Some of these forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of forward-looking words such as “believes,” “expects,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “seeks,” “approximately,” “intends,” “plans,” “estimates,” “projects,” “strategy,” or “anticipates,” or the negative of those words or other comparable terminology. These forward-looking statements are only predictions and are subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict.
The accuracy of such statements is subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions including, but not limited to, the following factors:
the effect of water, utility, environmental and other governmental policies and regulations, including actions concerning rates, authorized return on equity, authorized capital structures, capital expenditures and other decisions;
changes in demand for water and other services;
the impact of the Coronavirus (“COVID-19”) pandemic on our business operation and financial results;
unanticipated weather conditions and changes in seasonality including those affecting water supply and customer usage;
climate change and the effects thereof;
unexpected costs, charges or expenses;
our ability to successfully evaluate investments in new business and growth initiatives;
contamination of our water supplies and damage or failure of our water equipment and infrastructure;
the risk of work stoppages, strikes and other labor-related actions;
catastrophic events such as fires, earthquakes, explosions, floods, ice storms, tornadoes, hurricanes, terrorist acts, physical attacks, cyber-attacks, epidemic or other similar occurrences;
changes in general economic, political, business and financial market conditions;
the ability to obtain financing on favorable terms, which can be affected by various factors, including credit ratings, changes in interest rates, compliance with regulatory requirements, compliance with the terms and conditions of our outstanding indebtedness and general market and economic conditions; and
legislative and general market and economic developments.
Results for a quarter are not indicative of results for a full year due to seasonality and other factors. In addition, actual results are subject to other risks and uncertainties that relate more broadly to our overall business, including those more fully described in our filings with the SEC, including our most recent reports on Form 10-K, Form 10-Q and Form 8-K. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of performance, and speak only as of the date made, and we undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements except as required by law.



2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

SJW GROUP AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
 
 Three months ended March 31,
 20212020
REVENUE$114,785 115,754 
OPERATING EXPENSE:
Production Expenses:
Purchased water15,645 15,934 
Power3,003 2,725 
Groundwater extraction charges15,545 15,028 
Other production expenses9,402 10,093 
Total production expenses43,595 43,780 
Administrative and general20,893 21,262 
Maintenance6,265 6,086 
Property taxes and other non-income taxes7,515 7,463 
Depreciation and amortization23,438 21,382 
Merger related expenses354 
Total operating expense101,706 100,327 
OPERATING INCOME13,079 15,427 
OTHER (EXPENSE) INCOME:
Interest on long-term debt and other interest expense(13,439)(13,284)
Pension non-service cost326 (45)
Other, net1,754 757 
Income before income taxes1,720 2,855 
(Benefit) provision for income taxes(896)438 
NET INCOME2,616 2,417 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net38 (135)
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME$2,654 2,282 
EARNINGS PER SHARE
Basic$0.09 0.08 
Diluted$0.09 0.08 
DIVIDENDS PER SHARE$0.34 0.32 
WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES OUTSTANDING
Basic28,862,882 28,489,357 
Diluted28,990,203 28,674,221 







See Accompanying Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
3


SJW GROUP AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
 
March 31,
2021
December 31,
2020
ASSETS
Utility plant:
Land$38,339 36,845 
Depreciable plant and equipment3,223,736 3,198,060 
Construction in progress126,678 109,976 
Intangible assets35,167 35,167 
3,423,920 3,380,048 
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization1,068,852 1,045,136 
2,355,068 2,334,912 
Real estate investments58,280 58,129 
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization15,072 14,783 
43,208 43,346 
CURRENT ASSETS:
Cash and cash equivalents:
Cash11,406 5,269 
Restricted cash3,104 4,000 
Accounts receivable:
Customers, net of allowances for uncollectible accounts of $3,614 and $3,891 on March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively45,583 46,832 
Income tax4,671 7,041 
Other5,455 4,269 
Accrued unbilled utility revenue37,288 44,950 
Prepaid expenses10,634 8,097 
Current regulatory assets, net226 1,748 
Other current assets5,100 5,125 
123,467 127,331 
OTHER ASSETS:
Net regulatory assets, less current portion161,392 156,482 
Investments15,161 14,367 
Goodwill628,144 628,144 
Other5,702 6,883 
810,399 805,876 
$3,332,142 3,311,465 








See Accompanying Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
4


SJW GROUP AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
 
March 31,
2021
December 31,
2020
CAPITALIZATION AND LIABILITIES
CAPITALIZATION:
Stockholders’ equity:
Common stock, $0.001 par value; authorized 70,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding shares 29,789,887 on March 31, 2021 and 28,556,605 on December 31, 2020$30 29 
Additional paid-in capital578,395 510,158 
Retained earnings400,897 408,037 
Accumulated other comprehensive income(1,026)(1,064)
Total stockholders’ equity978,296 917,160 
Long-term debt, less current portion1,303,028 1,287,580 
2,281,324 2,204,740 
CURRENT LIABILITIES:
Line of credit121,509 175,094 
Current portion of long-term debt76,285 76,241 
Accrued groundwater extraction charges, purchased water and power18,144 19,184 
Accounts payable25,636 34,200 
Accrued interest17,102 12,861 
Accrued payroll11,911 14,012 
Other current liabilities19,148 19,203 
289,735 350,795 
DEFERRED INCOME TAXES189,531 191,415 
ADVANCES FOR CONSTRUCTION125,967 125,027 
CONTRIBUTIONS IN AID OF CONSTRUCTION297,390 296,105 
POSTRETIREMENT BENEFIT PLANS124,265 121,597 
OTHER NONCURRENT LIABILITIES23,930 21,786 
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
$3,332,142 3,311,465 









See Accompanying Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
5


SJW GROUP AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
 
 Common StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
Number of
Shares
Amount
BALANCES, December 31, 202028,556,605 $29 $510,158 $408,037 $(1,064)$917,160 
Net income— — — 2,616 — 2,616 
Unrealized gain on investment, net of tax benefit of $14— — — — 38 38 
Share-based compensation— — 1,280 (32)— 1,248 
Issuance of restricted and deferred stock units30,547 — (964)— — (964)
Employee stock purchase plan18,235 — 1,026 — — 1,026 
Common stock issuance, net of costs1,184,500 66,895 — — 66,896 
Dividends paid ($0.34 per share)— — — (9,724)— (9,724)
BALANCES, March 31, 202129,789,887 30 578,395 400,897 (1,026)978,296 

 
 Common StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
Number of
Shares
Amount
BALANCES, December 31, 201928,456,508 $28 $506,639 $383,191 $126 $889,984 
Net income— — — 2,417 — 2,417 
Unrealized loss on investment, net of tax benefit of $50— — — — (135)(135)
Share-based compensation— — 251 (43)— 208 
Issuance of restricted and deferred stock units25,781 — (785)— — (785)
Employee stock purchase plan15,552 — 970 — — 970 
Dividends paid ($0.32 per share)— — — (9,118)— (9,118)
BALANCES, March 31, 202028,497,841 28 507,075 376,447 (9)883,541 






















See Accompanying Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
6


SJW GROUP AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(UNAUDITED)
(in thousands)
 Three months ended March 31,
 20212020
OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
Net income$2,616 2,417 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization23,931 22,482 
Deferred income taxes(762)(344)
Stock-based compensation1,280 251 
Allowance for equity funds used during construction(402)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable and accrued unbilled utility revenue7,725 5,498 
Accounts payable and other current liabilities(3,719)(8,755)
Accrued groundwater extraction charges, purchased water and power(1,040)(4,292)
Tax receivable and payable, and other accrued taxes3,333 1,875 
Postretirement benefits1,649 2,445 
Regulatory assets and liabilities related to balancing and memorandum accounts(1,750)(10,158)
Up-front service concession payment(5,000)
Other changes, net515 1,510 
NET CASH PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES33,376 7,929 
INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
Additions to utility plant:
Company-funded(46,674)(38,314)
Contributions in aid of construction(4,653)(3,629)
Additions to real estate investments(152)(255)
Payments to retire utility plant, net of salvage(461)(271)
NET CASH USED IN INVESTING ACTIVITIES(51,940)(42,469)
FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Borrowings on line of credit28,637 47,424 
Repayments on line of credit(82,222)(33,231)
Long-term borrowings17,000 35,000 
Repayments of long-term borrowings(1,159)(1,171)
Issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs67,249 
Dividends paid(9,724)(9,118)
Receipts of advances and contributions in aid of construction4,687 6,416 
Refunds of advances for construction(583)(557)
Other changes, net(80)106 
NET CASH PROVIDED BY FINANCING ACTIVITIES23,805 44,869 
NET CHANGE IN CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH5,241 10,329 
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH, BEGINNING OF PERIOD9,269 17,944 
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH , END OF PERIOD14,510 28,273 
LESS RESTRICTED CASH, END OF PERIOD3,104 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, END OF PERIOD$11,406 28,273 
Cash paid during the period for:
Interest$9,516 9,373 
Income taxes158 (50)
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash activities:
Change in accrued payables for construction costs capitalized$(6,601)(2,601)
Utility property installed by developers202 3,076 
Accrued additional common stock issuance costs353 




See Accompanying Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
7


SJW GROUP AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MARCH 31, 2021
(in thousands, except share and per share data)

Note 1.General
In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments (consisting only of normal, recurring adjustments) necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the interim periods.
The unaudited interim financial information has been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and in accordance with the instructions for Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). The Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in SJW Group’s 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K should be read with the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
Recently Adopted Accounting Principles
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, “Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes”, which simplifies the accounting for income taxes, eliminates certain exceptions within Topic 740, “Income Taxes”, and clarifies certain aspects of the current guidance to promote consistency among reporting entities. ASU 2019-12 was effective for SJW Group in the first quarter of fiscal 2021. The adoption of ASU 2019-12 did not have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements.
Impacts of Coronavirus (“COVID-19”)
The outbreak of COVID-19 had significant impact on the global economy.  Financial impacts experienced by SJW Group due to the COVID-19 pandemic include higher uncollectible accounts receivables and increased costs from COVID-19 related prevention activities. The regulators in the states SJW Group operates have approved mechanisms to either record a regulatory asset or track in a memorandum account expenses and savings related to COVID-19. San Jose Water Company (“SJWC”) and SJWTX, Inc. doing business as Canyon Lake Water Company (“CLWSC”) have determined that future recovery of the account is probable and have recognized the related regulatory assets. Probability criteria has not yet been met for Connecticut Water Service, Inc. (“CTWS”). If a state regulator disagrees with the calculation of recorded account balances, we may be required to make adjustments that could adversely affect our results of operations. SJW Group continues to monitor COVID-19 developments affecting our business, employees and suppliers and will take additional precautions as management believes is necessary.
Revenue
Water sales are seasonal in nature and influenced by weather conditions. The timing of precipitation and climatic conditions can cause seasonal water consumption by customers to vary significantly. Due to the seasonal nature of the water business, the operating results for interim periods are not indicative of the operating results for a 12-month period. Revenue is generally higher in the warm, dry summer months when water usage and sales are greater, and lower in the winter months when cooler temperatures and increased precipitation curtail water usage resulting in lower sales.
The major streams of revenue for SJW Group are as follows:
 Three months ended March 31,
 20212020
Revenue from contracts with customers$112,238 105,136 
Alternative revenue programs, net112 504 
Other balancing and memorandum accounts revenue, net1,091 8,744 
Rental income1,344 1,370 
$114,785 115,754 
Earnings per Share
Basic earnings per share is calculated using income available to common stockholders, divided by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is calculated using income available to common stockholders divided by the weighted average number of shares of common stock including both shares outstanding and shares potentially issuable in connection with restricted common stock awards under SJW Group’s Long-Term Incentive Plan (as amended, the “Incentive Plan”), shares potentially issuable under the performance stock plans assumed through the business
8


SJW GROUP AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
March 31, 2021
(in thousands, except share and per share data)

combination with CTWS, and shares potentially issuable under the Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”). For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, 8,579 and 17,573 anti-dilutive restricted common stock units were excluded from the dilutive earnings per share calculation, respectively.
Utility Plant Depreciation
A portion of depreciation expense is allocated to administrative and general expense. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, and 2020, the amounts allocated to administrative and general expense were $493 and $1,098, respectively.
Real Estate Investments
The major components of real estate investments as of March 31, 2021, and December 31, 2020, are as follows: 
March 31,
2021
December 31,
2020
Land$14,168 14,168 
Buildings and improvements44,112 43,961 
Subtotal58,280 58,129 
Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization15,072 14,783 
Total$43,208 43,346 
Depreciation and amortization is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets, ranging from 7 to 39 years. Substantially all of the real estate investments relate to assets that are currently subject to operating leases.

Note 2.Regulatory Rate Filings
California Regulatory Affairs
On March 17, 2020, the California Public Utilities Commission (“CPUC”) ordered its regulated water utilities to halt customer disconnection activities in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic. On April 2, 2020, California Governor Gavin Newsom issued Executive Order N-42-20 suspending customer disconnection activities until further notice. On April 16, 2020, the CPUC issued Resolution M-4842 directing utilities to implement emergency customer protections to assist customers such as waiving reconnection deposits, offering payment arrangements, and suspending disconnections for nonpayment. This resolution was effective for up to one year, or April 15, 2021, with the option to extend. On February 11, 2021, the CPUC approved Resolution M-4849 extending customer protections required in Resolution M-4842 through June 30, 2021. The resolution also requires water utilities to develop a transition plan regarding shutoffs and terminations with customers once the moratorium ends. On April 1, 2021, SJWC filed Advice Letter 560 which includes such plan.
SJWC filed Advice Letter 556 on November 16, 2020, with the CPUC requesting authorization to increase its revenue requirement by 11,750 or 3.04% in 2021 for the final escalation year authorized in our 2018 General Rate Case Decision 18-011-025 which established rates for 2019, 2020, and 2021. This advice letter was approved on December 17, 2020, and new rates became effective January 1, 2021.
On January 4, 2021, SJWC filed General Rate Case Application No. 21-01-003 requesting authority for an increase of revenue of $51,585 or 13.35% in 2022, $16,932 or 3.88% in 2023, and $19,195 or 4.24% in 2024. The application also includes requests to recover $18,499 from balancing and memorandum accounts, authorization for a $435,000 capital budget, further alignment between actual and authorized usage, and a shift to greater revenue collection in the service charge. The application will undergo a year-long review process and new rates, if approved, are expected to be effective in the first quarter of 2022.
On January 5, 2021, SJWC, along with three other California water utilities, filed a joint request for an additional one-year deferment on its Cost of Capital filing which would otherwise be due on May 1, 2021. Postponing the filing an additional year would have alleviated administrative processing costs on the utilities as well as the CPUC staff, and provided relief for both CPUC and utility resources already strained by numerous other proceedings and COVID-19. The request was conditioned on no changes being made as a result of the current Water Cost of Capital Mechanism in place during the one-year deferment. The request was denied on February 22, 2021. SJWC expects to file its Cost of Capital application on May 3, 2021, as required by the CPUC.
9


SJW GROUP AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
March 31, 2021
(in thousands, except share and per share data)

Connecticut Regulatory Affairs
On October 28, 2020, The Connecticut Water Company (“Connecticut Water”) filed a Water Infrastructure Conservation Adjustment (“WICA”) application representing an additional 1.11% surcharge or approximately $956 increase in revenues, for a cumulative WICA surcharge of 6.94%. The Public Utilities Regulatory Authority of Connecticut (“PURA”) approved the requested increase with an April 1, 2021 effective date. Additionally, on February 1, 2021, Connecticut Water filed its annual WICA reconciliation which called for a 0.09% increase of the WICA surcharge. On March 3, 2021, PURA approved the reconciliation, resulting in a net cumulative 7.03% surcharge for Connecticut Water which became effective on customers’ bills on April 1, 2021. As of March 31, 2021, WICA surcharges for Connecticut Water and its Avon Water division were 5.75% and 9.31%, respectively.  The Heritage Village Water (“HVWC”) division does not have an approved WICA surcharge. 
On January 15, 2021, Connecticut Water filed an application with PURA to amend rates for its customers, including the divisions of Avon Water and HVWC. The filing requests an increase of $20,206 in annual revenues that includes more than $265,514 in completed infrastructure investments that are not currently in approved rates and surcharges. The filing proposes a new rate that would provide a 15% reduction in water bills for income-eligible customers, which would be the first low-income rate for a Connecticut water utility, if approved. The filing also includes a tiered block rate structure for residential water customers to promote water conservation. The proposed increase will be applied across the company but may differ by rate divisions, meter size and between customer rate categories. The application also reflects the costs of operating and maintaining the utility, including expenditures on power and treatment additives that have increased since the company’s last general rate case decision in 2010. PURA has 200 days from the filing date to review the application, and the approved rates will go into effect soon thereafter. Connecticut Water expects to receive a decision in the third quarter of 2021.
Long-term debt issuances for Connecticut Water require regulatory authorization which is typically obtained for a specified amount of debt to be issued during a specified period of time. On March 16, 2021, Connecticut Water filed for PURA approval for the issuance of up to $100,000 of long-term borrowings in 2021. Connecticut Water anticipates to use the proceeds to pay down line of credit borrowings and payoff maturing debt, as well as general working capital needs. Connecticut Water expects to receive a decision from PURA within 60 days of its filing.
Texas Regulatory Affairs
On January 29, 2021, CLWSC submitted its Water Pass-Through Charge (“WPC”) true-up report for the Canyon Lake area water systems’ 2020 purchased water costs. The WPC is the annual filing to change the monthly per thousand gallons charge for changes in purchased water costs since the last annual true-up report. The 2020 WPC true-up report resulted in a reduction of the WPC usage rate from $0.95 dollars to $0.7 dollars per thousand gallons which became effective on March 1, 2021. The Deer Creek Ranch water system has a separate WPC. A WPC filing for Deer Creek Ranch is required only when there is a change in purchased water costs. The WPC true-up report for this system was submitted December 1, 2020, which resulted in a decrease in the usage charge from $2.02 to $1.84 dollars per thousand gallons, and an increase in the monthly base charge of $0.51 dollars per residential account. The Deer Creek Ranch WPC rate changes became effective February 25, 2021.
A disaster declaration was declared on February 12, 2021 by the Public Utilities Commission of Texas (“PUCT”) because of severe winter weather. The PUCT issued orders under Docket No. 51812-6 which prohibited disconnections for non-payment, suspended the rules for late fees and interest, and allowed for estimated billing for the duration of the disaster declaration. On March 5, 2021, the PUCT reinstituted the utilities’ ability to resume charging late fees.
Maine Regulatory Affairs
On June 17, 2020, the Main Public Utilities Commission (“MPUC”) approved a general rate increase for Skowhegan Division customers allowing $198 in additional revenue.  Per the MPUC decision, the increase will be implemented in two steps: an initial 9.80% rate increase effective June 15, 2020, and a 3.51% rate increase effective July 1, 2021. The combined rate increase is 13.31%.
On November 23, 2020, The Maine Water Company (“Maine Water”) filed Water Infrastructure Surcharge (“WISC”) applications with the MPUC in five divisions requesting an increase between 1.1% and 5%, representing approximately $304 in additional revenues. The WISC applications were approved on December 15, 2020 and December 22, 2020 and the surcharges became effective January 1, 2021.
On March 10, 2021, Maine Water filed a general rate increase application for the Biddeford Saco Division seeking approximately $6,659, or 77.5%, in additional revenue. The application has proposed a multi-year rate plan that is designed to
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SJW GROUP AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
March 31, 2021
(in thousands, except share and per share data)

ease the transition to higher water bills over the period from July 2021 to July, 2023 . The primary driver for the increase in rates is the support for a new drinking water treatment facility on the Saco River, a $60,000 project to replace the existing facility that is expected to be in service in the second quarter of 2022, and a decision on the requested revenue increase is expected in the second quarter of 2022, in alignment with the completion of the new water treatment facility.

Note 3.Regulatory Assets, Net
Regulatory assets, net are comprised of the following as of March 31, 2021, and December 31, 2020:
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Regulatory assets:
Income tax temporary differences, net$7,345 6,230 
Postretirement pensions and other medical benefits96,682 95,559 
Business combinations debt premium, net21,843 22,479 
Balancing and memorandum accounts, net28,137 25,463 
Water Rate Adjustment (“WRA”)174 323 
Other, net7,437 8,176 
Total regulatory assets, net in Consolidated Balance Sheets161,618 158,230 
Less: current regulatory asset, net226 1,748 
Total regulatory assets, net, less current portion$161,392 156,482 
At March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, SJW Group’s regulatory assets, net not earning a return primarily included the postretirement pensions and other medical benefits unfunded amount, and business combinations debt premium, net. The total amount of regulatory assets, net not earning a return at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, either by interest on the regulatory asset/liability or as a component of rate base at the allowed rate of return was $119,745 and $119,236, respectively.

Note 4.Balancing and Memorandum Accounts
SJWC has established balancing accounts for the purpose of tracking the under-collection or over-collection associated with expense changes and the revenue authorized by the CPUC to offset those expense changes. SJWC also maintains memorandum accounts to track revenue impacts due to catastrophic events, certain unforeseen water quality expenses related to new federal and state water quality standards, energy efficiency, water conservation, water tariffs, and other approved activities or as directed by the CPUC. The Monterey Water Revenue Adjustment Mechanism (“WRAM”) tracks the difference between the revenue received for actual metered sales through the tiered volumetric rate and the revenue that would have been received with the same actual metered sales if a uniform rate would have been in effect.
Balancing and memorandum accounts are recognized by SJWC when it is probable that future recovery of previously incurred costs or future refunds that are to be credited to customers will occur through the ratemaking process. In addition, in the case of special revenue programs such as the Water Conservation Memorandum Account (“WCMA”) and Water Revenue Adjustment (“WRA”), SJWC and CTWS follow the requirements of ASC Topic 980-605-25—“Alternative Revenue Programs” in determining revenue recognition, including the requirement that such revenues will be collected within 24 months of the year-end in which the revenue is recorded. A reserve is recorded for amounts SJW Group estimates will not be collected within the 24-month period. This reserve is based on an estimate of actual usage over the recovery period.
In assessing the probability criteria for balancing and memorandum accounts between general rate cases, SJWC considers evidence that may exist prior to CPUC authorization that would satisfy ASC Topic 980-340-25—“Other Assets and Deferred Costs” recognition criteria. Such evidence may include regulatory rules and decisions, past practices, and other facts and circumstances that would indicate that recovery or refund is probable. When such evidence provides sufficient support, the balances are recorded in SJW Group’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

11


SJW GROUP AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
March 31, 2021
(in thousands, except share and per share data)

 Three months ended March 31, 2021Three months ended March 31, 2020
Beginning BalanceRegulatory Asset Increase (Decrease)Refunds (Collections) AdjustmentsEnding BalanceBeginning BalanceRegulatory Asset Increase (Decrease)Refunds (Collections) AdjustmentsEnding Balance
Revenue accounts:
Monterey WRAM$12,077 1,776 13,853 $7,015 1,970 (27)8,958 
2014-2017 WCMA666 666 708 (43)665 
2012 General Rate Case true-up752 753 752 752 
Cost of capital memorandum account(1,561)(1,561)(1,553)(5)(1,558)
Tax memorandum account333 333 (6,643)(3)6,978 332 
All others(2,224)(175)(2,399)(2,219)(205)(67)(2,491)
Total revenue accounts$10,043 1,601 11,645 $(1,940)1,757 6,841 6,658 
Cost-recovery accounts:
Water supply costs8,123 787 8,910 4,328 767 (34)5,061 
Pension3,478 366 3,844 2,449 415 22 2,886 
Hydro Generation Research, Development and Demonstration Memorandum Account (“PRVMA”)1,108 (81)1,027 
COVID-19 Catastrophic Event Memorandum Account (“CEMA”)2,266 2,266 
All others445 445 446 (4)443 
Total cost-recovery accounts$15,420 1,153 (81)16,492 $7,223 1,183 (16)8,390 
Total$25,463 2,754 (80)28,137 $5,283 2,940 6,825 15,048 
All balancing accounts and memorandum-type accounts not included for recovery or refund in the current general rate case will be reviewed by the CPUC in SJWC’s next general rate case or at the time an individual account balance reaches a threshold of 2% of authorized revenue, whichever occurs first.

Note 5.Capitalization
On March 8, 2021, SJW Group entered into an underwriting agreement with J.P. Morgan Securities LLC, as the representative of the several underwriters named therein (the “Underwriters”), which provided for the issuance and sale by SJW Group to the Underwriters 1,030,000 shares of our common stock, par value $0.001 per share, in an underwritten public offering (the “Offering”). The shares in the Offering were sold at a public offering price of $59.00 per share. SJW Group also granted the Underwriters an option to purchase up to 154,500 additional shares of common stock, which was exercised in full. The Offering closed on March 11, 2021 and the offering of option shares closed on March 16, 2021.
SJW Group received net proceeds of approximately $58,122 from the Offering and received additional net proceeds of approximately $8,774 from the sale of the option shares, in each case after deducting the underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by SJW Group. SJW Group used the proceeds from the offerings to pay down a bank line of credit agreement, dated as of June 1, 2016, between SJWC and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. and for general corporate purposes, which include, among other things, financing infrastructure improvements and other capital expenditures, repayment of debt or other corporate obligations and working capital.

12


SJW GROUP AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
March 31, 2021
(in thousands, except share and per share data)

Note 6.Equity Plans
SJW Group accounts for stock-based compensation based on the grant date fair value of awards issued to employees in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718 - “Compensation - Stock Compensation,” which requires the measurement and recognition of compensation expense based on the estimated fair value of stock-based payment awards.
The Incentive Plan allows SJW Group to provide employees, non-employee board members or the board of directors of any parent or subsidiary, consultants, and other independent advisors who provide services to the company or any parent or subsidiary the opportunity to acquire an equity interest in SJW Group. The types of awards included in the Incentive Plan are restricted stock awards, restricted stock units, performance shares, or other share-based awards. As of March 31, 2021, 187,170 shares are issuable upon the exercise of outstanding restricted stock units and deferred restricted stock units and an additional 688,365 shares are available for award issuances under the Incentive Plan. In addition, shares are issued to employees under the company’s ESPP.
In connection with the merger with Connecticut Water Service, Inc. (“CTWS”) on October 9, 2019, SJW Group assumed outstanding awards of restricted stock units and deferred share units under the following stock plans: CTWS 2014 Performance Stock Program, CTWS 2004 Performance Stock Program and CTWS 1994 Performance Stock Program (collectively, the “CTWS Plans”). As of March 31, 2021, approximately 55,761 shares are issuable upon the exercise of outstanding restricted stock units and deferred restricted stock units under the CTWS Plans.
Stock compensation costs charged to income are recognized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period. A summary of compensation costs charged to income and proceeds from the exercise of any restricted stock and similar instruments that are recorded to additional paid-in capital and common stock, by award type, are presented below for the three months ended March 31, 2021, and 2020.
 Three months ended March 31,
 20212020
Adjustments to additional paid-in capital and common stock for:
Compensation costs charged to income:
   ESPP$181 171 
   Restricted stock and deferred restricted stock1,099 80 
Total compensation costs charged to income$1,280 251 
ESPP proceeds$1,026 970 
Restricted Stock and Deferred Restricted Stock
For the three months ended March 31, 2021, and 2020, SJW Group granted under the Incentive Plan 33,701 and 28,367, respectively, one year and three year service-based restricted stock awards with a weighted-average grant date fair value of $64.22 and $65.89, respectively, per unit.
Performance-based and market-based restricted stock awards granted for the three months ended March 31, 2021, and 2020 were 29,459 and 24,581 target units, respectively, with a weighted-average grant date fair value of $66.35 and $73.85, respectively, per unit. Based upon actual attainment relative to the target performance metric, the number of shares issuable can range between 0% to 150% of the target number of shares for performance-based restricted stock awards, or between 0% and 200% of the target number of shares for market-based restricted stock awards.
As of March 31, 2021, the total unrecognized compensation costs related to restricted and deferred restricted stock plans amounted to $7,203. This cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.20 years.
Employee Stock Purchase Plan
The ESPP allows eligible employees to purchase shares of SJW Group’s common stock at 85% of the fair value of shares on the purchase date. Under the ESPP, employees can designate up to a maximum of 10% of their base compensation for the purchase of shares of common stock, subject to certain restrictions. A total of 400,000 shares of common stock have been reserved for issuance under the ESPP.
13


SJW GROUP AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
March 31, 2021
(in thousands, except share and per share data)

SJW Group’s recorded expenses were $88 and $86 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, related to the ESPP. The total unrecognized compensation costs related to the semi-annual offering period that ends July 30, 2021, for the ESPP is approximately $123. This cost is expected to be recognized during the second and third quarters of 2021.

Note 7.Long-Term Liabilities and Bank Borrowings
SJW Group’s contractual obligations and commitments include senior notes, bank term loans, revenue bonds, state revolving fund loans, mortgages, and other obligations. Water Utility Services have received advance deposit payments from its customers on certain construction projects and the refunds of the advance deposit payments constitute an obligation of the respective subsidiaries.
On March 2, 2021, Maine Water entered into a credit agreement with a commercial bank, pursuant to an existing master loan agreement under which the commercial bank issued Maine Water a promissory note on the same date with an aggregate principal amount of $17,000 and a fixed interest rate of 3.89%, due March 1, 2041. The notes are unsecured obligations of Maine Water. Interest is payable quarterly in arrears on the 20th day of January, April, July and October of each year. The promissory note contains customary representations and warranties. Under the promissory note, Maine Water is required to comply with certain customary affirmative and negative covenants for as long as the notes are outstanding. The notes are also subject to customary events of default, the occurrence of which may result in all of the notes then outstanding becoming immediately due and payable. Proceeds from the borrowing were received on March 18, 2021. As of March 31, 2021, Maine Water was in compliance with all financial, affirmative and negative covenants under this agreement.

Note 8.Benefit Plans
SJW Group maintains noncontributory defined benefit pension plans for its eligible employees. San Jose Water Company (“SJWC”) and CTWS employees hired before March 31, 2008, and January 1, 2009, respectively, are entitled to benefits under the pension plans based on the employee’s years of service and compensation. For SJWC employees, hired on or after March 31, 2008, benefits are determined using a cash balance formula based upon compensation credits and interest credits for each employee. Certain CTWS employees hired before March 1, 2012, and covered by a plan merged into the CTWS plan in 2013 are also entitled to benefits based on the employee’s years of service and compensation. CTWS employees hired on or after January 1, 2009, are entitled to an additional 1.5% of eligible compensation to their company sponsored savings plan. SJW Group does not have multi-employer plans.
In addition, senior management hired before March 31, 2008, for SJWC and January 1, 2009, for CTWS are eligible to receive additional retirement benefits under supplemental executive retirement plans and retirement contracts. SJWC’s senior management hired on or after March 31, 2008, are eligible to receive additional retirement benefits under SJWC’s Cash Balance Executive Supplemental Retirement Plan. The supplemental retirement plans and Cash Balance Executive Supplemental Retirement Plan are non-qualified plans in which only senior management and other designated members of management may participate. SJW Group also provides health care and life insurance benefits for retired employees under employer-sponsored postretirement benefits other than pension plans.
The components of net periodic benefit costs for the defined benefit plans and other postretirement benefits for the three months ended March 31, 2021, and 2020 are as follows:
 Three months ended March 31,
 20212020
Service cost$2,735 2,443 
Interest cost2,580 2,904 
Expected return on assets(4,752)(4,120)
Unrecognized actuarial loss1,780 758 
Amortization of prior service cost12 741 
Total$2,355 2,726 
14


SJW GROUP AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
March 31, 2021
(in thousands, except share and per share data)

In 2021, SJW Group expects to make required and discretionary cash contributions of up to $9,043 to the pension plans and Social Welfare Plan. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, SJW Group has made 0 contributions to such plans.

Note 9.Income Taxes
For the three months ended March 31, 2021, income tax benefit was $896. Income tax expense for the three months ended March 31, 2020, was $438. The effective consolidated income tax rates were (52)% and 15% for the three months ended March 31, 2021, and 2020, respectively. The lower effective rates for the three months ended March 31, 2021, were primarily due to excess tax benefits relating to share-based payment awards, state tax credits and other discrete tax items.
SJW Group had unrecognized tax benefits, before the impact of deductions of state taxes, excluding interest and penalties of approximately $6,511 and $6,468 as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. SJW Group does not expect its unrecognized tax benefits to change significantly within the next 12 months.
On March 11, 2021, the American Rescue Plan Act was signed into law. SJW Group is currently evaluating the impact this legislation may have on the consolidated financial results.

Note 10.Fair Value Measurement
The following instruments are not measured at fair value on SJW Group’s condensed consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2021, but require disclosure of their fair values: cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable. The estimated fair value of such instruments as of March 31, 2021, approximates their carrying value as reported on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. The fair value of such financial instruments are determined using the income approach based on the present value of estimated future cash flows. There have been no changes in valuation techniques during the three months ended March 31, 2021. The fair value of these instruments would be categorized as Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy, with the exception of cash and cash equivalents, which would be categorized as Level 1.
The fair value of SJW Group’s long-term debt was approximately $1,486,355 and $1,570,727 as of March 31, 2021, and December 31, 2020, respectively, and was determined using a discounted cash flow analysis, based on the current rates for similar financial instruments of the same duration and creditworthiness of the company. The book value of long-term debt was $1,379,313 and $1,363,821 as of March 31, 2021, and December 31, 2020, respectively. The fair value of long-term debt would be categorized as Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy.
The following tables summarize the fair values of the Rabbi Trust investment assets to fund CTWS’s additional retirement benefits under the supplemental executive retirement plans and retirement contracts by major categories as of March 31, 2021, and December 31, 2020: 
 Fair Value Measurements at March 31, 2021
Asset CategoryTotalQuoted
Prices in
Active
Markets for
Identical
Assets
(Level 1)
Significant
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
Money market funds$145 145 
Mutual funds2,034 2,034 
Fixed income830 830 
Total$3,009 3,009 
15


SJW GROUP AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
March 31, 2021
(in thousands, except share and per share data)

 Fair Value Measurements at December 31, 2020
Asset CategoryTotalQuoted
Prices in
Active
Markets for
Identical
Assets
(Level 1)
Significant
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
Money market funds$83 83 
Mutual funds2,101 2,101 
Fixed income830 830 
Total$3,014 3,014 

Note 11.Segment and Non-Tariffed Business Reporting
SJW Group is a holding company with 4 subsidiaries: (i) SJWC, a water utility operation with both regulated and non-tariffed businesses, (ii) CLWSC, a regulated water utility located in Canyon Lake, Texas, and its consolidated non-tariffed variable interest entity, Acequia Water Supply Corporation, (iii) SJW Land Company and its consolidated variable interest entity, 444 West Santa Clara Street, L.P., which operated commercial building rentals, and (iv) SJWNE LLC a holding company for CTWS and its subsidiaries, Connecticut Water, Maine Water, New England Water Utility Services, Inc. (“NEWUS”) and Chester Realty, Inc. In accordance with FASB ASC Topic 280 - “Segment Reporting,” SJW Group’s reportable segments have been determined based on information used by the chief operating decision maker. SJW Group’s chief operating decision maker includes the Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer, and his executive staff. The first segment is providing water utility and utility-related services to its customers through SJW Group’s subsidiaries, SJWC, Connecticut Water, CLWSC, Maine Water, and NEWUS together referred to as “Water Utility Services.” The second segment is property management and investment activity conducted by SJW Land Company and Chester Realty, Inc., referred to as “Real Estate Services.”
The following tables set forth information relating to SJW Group’s reportable segments and distribution of regulated and non-tariffed business activities within the reportable segments. Certain allocated assets, such as goodwill, revenue and expenses have been included in the reportable segment amounts. Other business activity of SJW Group not included in the reportable segments is included in the “All Other” category.
 For Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
 Water Utility ServicesReal Estate ServicesAll Other (1)SJW Group
 RegulatedNon-tariffedNon-tariffedNon-tariffedRegulatedNon-tariffedTotal
Operating revenue$111,396 2,045 1,344 111,396 3,389 114,785 
Operating expense98,478 1,369 881 978 98,478 3,228 101,706 
Operating income (loss)12,918 676 463 (978)12,918 161 13,079 
Net income (loss)5,699 722 323 (4,128)5,699 (3,083)2,616 
Depreciation and amortization22,817 109 289 223 22,817 621 23,438 
Interest on long-term debt and other interest expense8,171 5,268 8,171 5,268 13,439 
(Benefit) provision for income taxes(116)182 109 (1,071)(116)(780)(896)
Assets$3,218,536 7,625 44,763 61,218 3,218,536 113,606 3,332,142 
16


SJW GROUP AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
March 31, 2021
(in thousands, except share and per share data)

 For Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
 Water Utility ServicesReal Estate ServicesAll Other (1)SJW Group
 RegulatedNon-tariffedNon-tariffedNon-tariffedRegulatedNon-tariffedTotal
Operating revenue$111,367 3,017 1,370 111,367 4,387 115,754 
Operating expense96,017 1,361 831 2,118 96,017 4,310 100,327 
Operating income (loss)15,350 1,656 539 (2,118)15,350 77 15,427 
Net income (loss)5,828 1,470 388 (5,269)5,828 (3,411)2,417 
Depreciation and amortization20,749 108 302 223 20,749 633 21,382 
Interest on long-term debt and other interest expense8,174 5,110 8,174 5,110 13,284 
Provision (benefit) for income taxes1,202 470 132 (1,366)1,202 (764)438 
Assets$3,054,474 9,170 46,436 64,218 3,054,474 119,824 3,174,298 
____________________
(1)    The “All Other” category for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and March 31, 2020, includes the accounts of SJW Group, SJWNE LLC and CTWS on a stand-alone basis.
(2)    As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2021, the Company has performed an allocation of goodwill associated with the acquisition of CTWS to 2 reporting units, Connecticut and Maine, which are both aggregated within the Regulated Water Utility Services reportable segment.

Note 12.Subsequent Events
On April 23, 2021, SJWC paid off its existing $140,000 line of credit agreement which was set to mature on June 1, 2021, and entered into a new $140,000 credit agreement (“SJWC Credit Agreement”) with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as the lender (the “Lender”). The SJWC Credit Agreement provides an unsecured credit facility with a letter of credit sublimit of $15,000. Proceeds of borrowings under the SJWC Credit Agreement may be used to refinance existing debt, for working capital, and for general corporate purposes. The new SJWC Credit Agreement has a maturity date of December 31, 2023. The SJWC Credit Agreement contains customary representations, warranties and events of default, as well as a restrictive covenants customary for facilities of this type. The SJWC Credit Agreement also includes certain financial covenants that requires the Company to maintain a maximum funded debt to capitalization ratio.
Also on April 23, 2021, SJW Group, as guarantor, and SJWTX paid off its existing $5,000 line of credit agreement which was set to mature on June 1, 2021, and entered into a new $5,000 credit agreement (“SJWTX Credit Agreement”) with the Lender. The SJWTX Credit Agreement provides an unsecured credit facility with a letter of credit sublimit of $1,000. The new SJWTX Credit Agreement has a maturity date of December 31, 2023.

Note 13.Legal Proceedings
SJW Group is subject to ordinary routine litigation incidental to its business. There are no pending legal proceedings to which SJW Group or any of its subsidiaries is a party, or to which any of its properties is the subject, that are expected to have a material effect on SJW Group’s business, financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

17


ITEM 2.MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
(Dollar amounts in thousands, except per share amounts and otherwise noted)
The information in this Item 2 should be read in conjunction with the financial information and the notes thereto included in Item 1 of this Form 10-Q and the condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto and the related “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” contained in SJW Group’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.
This report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws relating to future events and future results of SJW Group and its subsidiaries that are based on current expectations, estimates, forecasts, and projections about SJW Group and its subsidiaries and the industries in which SJW Group and its subsidiaries operate and the beliefs and assumptions of the management of SJW Group. Actual results may differ materially from those currently anticipated and expressed in such forward-looking statements as a result of a number of factors. For more information about such forward-looking statements, including some of the factors that may affect our actual results, please see our disclosures under “Forward-Looking Statements,” and elsewhere in this Form 10-Q, including Item 1A under “Risk Factors.”

General:
SJW Group is a holding company with four wholly-owned subsidiaries: San Jose Water Company (“SJWC”), SJWNE LLC, SJWTX, Inc. and SJW Land Company.
SJWC is a public utility in the business of providing water service to approximately 231,000 connections that serve a population of approximately one million people in an area comprising approximately 139 square miles in the metropolitan San Jose, California area.
The principal business of SJWC consists of the production, purchase, storage, purification, distribution, wholesale, and retail sale of water. SJWC provides water service to customers in portions of the cities of San Jose and Cupertino and in the cities of Campbell, Monte Sereno, and Saratoga and the Town of Los Gatos, and adjacent unincorporated territories, all in the County of Santa Clara in the State of California. SJWC distributes water to customers in accordance with accepted water utility methods which include pumping from storage and gravity feed from high elevation reservoirs. SJWC also provides non-tariffed services under agreements with municipalities and other utilities. These non-tariffed services include water system operations, maintenance agreements, and antenna site leases.
SJWC has utility property including land held in fee, impounding reservoirs, diversion facilities, wells, distribution storage, and all water facilities, equipment, office buildings and other property necessary to supply its customers. Under Section 851 of the California Public Utilities Code, properties currently used and useful in providing utilities services cannot be disposed of unless California Public Utilities Commission (“CPUC”) approval is obtained.
SJWC also has approximately 234 acres of nonutility property which has been identified as no longer used and useful in providing utility services. The majority of the properties are located in the hillside areas adjacent to SJWC’s various watershed properties.
SJWNE LLC is the holding company for Connecticut Water Service, Inc. (“CTWS”). CTWS became a wholly-owned subsidiary of SJWNE LLC as part of the merger transaction between SJW Group and CTWS that was completed on October 9, 2019. CTWS, headquartered in Connecticut, serves as a holding company for water utility companies providing water service to approximately 139,000 connections that serve a population of approximately 486,000 people in 81 municipalities throughout Connecticut and Maine and more than 3,000 wastewater connections in Southbury, Connecticut. The subsidiaries held by CTWS that provide utility water services are The Connecticut Water Company (“Connecticut Water”) and The Maine Water Company (“Maine Water”). During the third quarter of 2020, Connecticut Water completed the merger of The Heritage Village Water Company (“HVWC”) and The Avon Water Company (“Avon Water”) with and into Connecticut Water, with Connecticut Water as the surviving entity. HVWC and Avon Water were previously wholly owned subsidiaries of CTWS prior to merger into Connecticut Water. The purpose of the merger was to streamline borrowings, regulatory filings and internal administrative tasks associated with maintaining and operating separate corporate entities. The remaining two CTWS subsidiaries are Chester Realty, Inc., a real estate company in Connecticut, and New England Water Utility Services, Inc. (“NEWUS”), which provides contract water and sewer operations and other water related services.
CTWS also offers Linebacker, an optional service line protection program to eligible residential customers through NEWUS in Connecticut and Maine Water in Maine. Linebacker covers the cost of repairs for leaking or broken water service lines which provide drinking water to a customer’s home. For customers who enroll in this program, CTWS will repair or replace a leaking or broken water service line and related equipment. Additionally, NEWUS offers expanded coverage to Connecticut Water
18


customers for failure of in-home plumbing, sewer and septic drainage lines and implemented modified terms and conditions with limitations on certain coverages.
The properties of CTWS’s subsidiaries consist of land, easements, rights (including water rights), buildings, reservoirs, standpipes, dams, wells, supply lines, water treatment plants, pumping plants, transmission and distribution mains and other facilities and equipment used for the collection, purification, storage and distribution of water throughout Connecticut and Maine. In certain cases, Connecticut Water and Maine Water are or may be a party to limited contractual arrangements for the provision of water supply from neighboring utilities.
SJWTX, Inc., doing business as Canyon Lake Water Service Company (“CLWSC”), is a public utility in the business of providing water service to approximately 20,000 connections that serve approximately 61,000 people. CLWSC’s service area comprises more than 247 square miles in the southern region of the Texas Hill Country in Blanco, Comal, Hays and Travis counties, the growing region between San Antonio and Austin, Texas. SJWTX, Inc. has a 25% interest in Acequia Water Supply Corporation (“Acequia”). The water supply corporation has been determined to be a variable interest entity within the scope of ASC Topic 810 with SJWTX, Inc. as the primary beneficiary. As a result, Acequia has been consolidated with SJWTX, Inc.
SJW Land Company owns undeveloped land and operates commercial buildings in Tennessee. SJW Land Company also owns a 70% limited partnership interest in 444 West Santa Clara Street, L.P. which operated a California commercial property that was sold in the second quarter of 2017. The limited partnership has been determined to be a variable interest entity within the scope of Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 810 - “Consolidation” with SJW Land Company as the primary beneficiary, and as a result, has been consolidated with SJW Land Company.
SJW Land Company owned the following real properties during the three months ended March 31, 2021:
    % for Three months ended
March 31, 2021
of SJW Land Company
DescriptionLocationAcreageSquare FootageRevenueExpense
Warehouse buildingKnoxville, Tennessee30361,50047 %44 %
Commercial buildingKnoxville, Tennessee15135,00053 %56 %
Undeveloped land and parking lotKnoxville, Tennessee10N/AN/AN/A
Undeveloped landSan Jose, California103N/AN/AN/A
As of March 31, 2021, Chester Realty, Inc. owns 23 acres of undeveloped land and a commercial building in the State of Connecticut.

Business Strategy for Water Utility Services:
SJW Group focuses its business initiatives in three strategic areas:
(1)Regional regulated water utility operations;
(2)Regional non-tariffed water utility related services provided in accordance with the guidelines established by the CPUC in California, the Public Utilities Regulatory Authority in Connecticut (“PURA”), the Public Utilities Commission of Texas (“PUCT”) in Texas, and the Maine Public Utilities Commission (“MPUC”) in Maine; and
(3)Out-of-region water and utility related services.
As part of our pursuit of the above three strategic areas, we consider from time to time opportunities to acquire businesses and assets. However, we cannot be certain we will be successful in identifying and consummating any strategic business combination or acquisitions relating to such opportunities. In addition, the execution of our business strategy will expose us to different risks than those associated with the current utility operations. We expect to incur costs in connection with the execution of this strategy and any integration of an acquired business could involve significant costs, the assumption of certain known and unknown liabilities related to the acquired assets, the diversion of management’s time and resources, the potential for a negative impact on SJW Group’s financial position and operating results, entering markets in which SJW Group has no or limited direct prior experience and the potential loss of key employees of any acquired company. Any strategic combination or acquisition we decide to undertake may also impact our ability to finance our business, affect our compliance with regulatory requirements, and impose additional burdens on our operations. Any businesses we acquire may not achieve sales, customer growth and projected profitability that would justify the investment. Any difficulties we encounter in the integration process, including the integration of controls necessary for internal control and financial reporting, could interfere with our operations,
19


reduce our operating margins and adversely affect our internal controls. SJW Group cannot be certain that any transaction will be successful or that it will not materially harm operating results or our financial condition.
Real Estate Services:
SJW Group’s real estate investment activity is conducted through SJW Land Company and Chester Realty, Inc. As noted above, SJW Land Company owns undeveloped land and operates commercial buildings in Tennessee. SJW Land Company also owns a limited partnership interest in 444 West Santa Clara Street, L.P. The partnership had a commercial building in San Jose, California that was sold in the second quarter of 2017. SJW Land Company manages its income producing and other properties until such time a determination is made to reinvest proceeds from the sale of such properties. Chester Realty, Inc. owns and operates land and commercial buildings in the State of Connecticut. Chester Realty, Inc. manages its income producing and other properties until such time a determination is made to reinvest proceeds from the sale of such properties. SJW Land Company and Chester Realty, Inc.’s real estate investments diversify SJW Group’s asset base.

Critical Accounting Policies:
The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based on the accounting policies used and disclosed in our 2020 consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes that were prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and included as part of our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, that was filed with the SEC on March 1, 2021.
Our critical accounting policies are described in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations included in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020. There have been no changes in our critical accounting policies. Our significant accounting policies are described in our notes to the 2020 consolidated financial statements included in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.

Recently Adopted Accounting Policies:
See Note 1 of the Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for a discussion of recently adopted accounting policies for the three months ended March 31, 2021.
  
Results of Operations:
Water sales are seasonal in nature and influenced by weather conditions. The timing of precipitation and climatic conditions can cause seasonal water consumption by customers to vary significantly. Due to the seasonal nature of the water business, the operating results for interim periods are not indicative of the operating results for a 12-month period. Revenue is generally higher in the warm, dry summer months when water usage and sales are greater, and lower in the winter months when cooler temperatures and increased rainfall curtail water usage and sales.
Overview
SJW Group’s consolidated net income for the three months ended March 31, 2021, was $2,616, an increase of $199, or approximately 8%, from $2,417 for the same period in 2020. The change in net income for the three months ended March 31, 2021, was primarily due to a decrease in revenue of $969 or 1% from a decrease in customer usage and the impact of the February ice storm in the Texas service area, partially offset by an increase in cumulative water rates authorized by our California 2019 General Rate Case and a Water Infrastructure Surcharge authorized in Maine, and customer growth in Texas. In addition, depreciation increased due to assets placed in service in 2020 and a decrease in available low cost surface water due to dry weather conditions in our California service area. The lower revenue and increased expenses were offset by income tax expense as a result of lower pre-tax income and income tax benefits relating to share-based payments awards, state tax credits and other tax benefits.
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Coronavirus (“COVID-19”) Update
The outbreak of COVID-19 has had significant impact on the global economy.  Financial impacts experienced by SJW Group due to the COVID-19 pandemic include higher uncollectible accounts receivables and increased costs from COVID-19 related prevention activities. The regulators in the states SJW Group operates have approved mechanisms to either record a regulatory asset or track in a memorandum account expenses and savings related to COVID-19. SJWC and CLWSC have determined that future recovery of the account is probable and have recognized the related regulatory assets. Probability criteria has not yet been met for CTWS. If a state regulator disagrees with the calculation of recorded account balances, we may be required to make adjustments that could adversely affect our results of operations. SJW Group continues to monitor COVID-19 developments affecting our business, employees and suppliers and will take additional precautions as management believes is necessary.
Operating Revenue
 Operating Revenue by Segment
Three months ended March 31,
 20212020
Water Utility Services$113,441 114,384 
Real Estate Services1,344 1,370 
$114,785 115,754 
The change in consolidated operating revenues was due to the following factors:
 Three months ended
 March 31,
2021 vs. 2020
Increase/(decrease)
Water Utility Services:
Consumption changes (including unbilled utility revenue)$(2,792)(2)%
Increase in customers446 — %
Rate increases2,841 %
Winter storm customer credits(690)(1)%
Balancing and memorandum accounts(635)— %
Other(113)— %
Real Estate Services(26)— %
$(969)(1)%
Operating Expense
 Operating Expense by Segment
Three months ended March 31,
 20212020
Water Utility Services$99,847 97,378 
Real Estate Services881 831 
All Other978 2,118 
$101,706 100,327 
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The change in consolidated operating expenses was due to the following factors:
 Three months ended
 March 31,
2021 vs. 2020
Increase/(decrease)
Water production expenses:
Change in surface water use$735 %
Change in usage and new customers(92)— %
Purchased water and groundwater extraction charge and energy price change, net(809)(1)%
Balancing and memorandum accounts cost recovery(19)— %
Total water production expenses(185)— %
Administrative and general(418)(1)%
Balance and memorandum account cost recovery49 — %
Maintenance179 — %
Property taxes and other non-income taxes52 — %
Depreciation and amortization2,056 %
Merger related expenses(354)— %
$1,379 %
Sources of Water Supply
SJWC’s water supply consists of imported water purchased from the Santa Clara Valley Water District (“Valley Water”) under the terms of a master contract with Valley Water expiring in 2051, groundwater from wells, surface water from watershed run-off and diversion, reclaimed and water. Surface water is the least expensive source of water. Changes and variations in quantities from each of these sources affect the overall mix of the water supply, thereby affecting water supply cost. In addition, the water rate for purchased water and the groundwater extraction charge may be increased by Valley Water at any time. If an increase occurs, then SJWC would file an advice letter with the CPUC seeking authorization to increase customer rates to offset the cost increase.
On April 1, 2021, Valley Water’s 10 reservoirs were at approximately 17% of total capacity with 9,037 million gallons of water in storage, which is 26% of the twenty-year average for this date. Valley Water’s largest reservoir, Anderson, remains drained in preparation for the 8-10 year Anderson Dam Seismic Retrofit Project. As reported by Valley Water, there was 5.79 inches of rainfall, or 46% of average to date, in San Jose during the current annual rainfall season that commenced on July 1, 2020. Rainfall at SJWC’s Lake Elsman was measured at 21.62 inches during the current rainfall season. Under normal hydrologic conditions, state and federal water allocations represent approximately 40% of the Valley Water’s total annual water supply. As of April 1, 2021, Valley Water reported that allocations from the state and federal water project are approximately 5% and 55%, respectively, of amounts requested in 2021. Valley Water also reported that the managed groundwater recharge from January to March in the Santa Clara Plain was 96% of the five-year average. The groundwater level in the Santa Clara Plain is approximately 18 feet lower than the five-year average. According to Valley Water, the projected total groundwater storage at the end of 2021 is expected to fall within the normal stage of the Valley Water’s Water Shortage Contingency Plan.
On April 1, 2021, SJWC’s Lake Elsman contained 324 million gallons of water, of which approximately 174 million gallons can be utilized for treatment in water production. This Lake Elsman volume represents 19% of the five-year average which reflects the low winter rainfall we experienced in our Santa Cruz mountains watershed. Local surface water is a less costly source of water than groundwater or purchased water and its availability significantly impacts SJWC’s results of operations. SJWC will utilize surface water and additional water from its portfolio of groundwater supplies to supplement imported water from Valley Water. Production from the Montevina Surface Water Treatment Plant through the first quarter was 224 million gallons, which is 36% of the five-year average. SJWC will be temporarily taking the Montevina Surface Water Treatment Plant offline in 2021 until hydrologic conditions in the watershed improve. During the first quarter, there was no water production at SJWC’s smaller Saratoga Water Treatment Plant. The Saratoga Water Treatment Plant was unable to be placed into service during the first quarter due to lack of run-off from Saratoga Creek and remains offline. SJWC believes that its various water supply sources will be sufficient to meet customer demand through the remainder of 2021.
Connecticut Water utility services’ infrastructure consists of 65 noncontiguous water systems in the State of Connecticut. These systems, in total, consist of approximately 1,800 miles of water main and reservoir storage capacity of 2.4 billion gallons.  The dependable yield from our 235 active wells and 18 surface water supplies is approximately 65 million gallons per day.  Water sources vary among the individual systems, but overall approximately 72% of the total dependable yield comes from wells and 28% from surface water supplies.
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CLWSC’s water supply consists of groundwater from wells and purchased treated and untreated raw water from local water agencies. CLWSC has long-term agreements with the Guadalupe-Blanco River Authority (“GBRA”), which expire in 2037, 2040, 2044 and 2050. The agreements, which are take-or-pay contracts, provide CLWSC with an aggregate of 6,900 acre-feet of water per year from Canyon Lake at prices that may be adjusted periodically by GBRA. CLWSC also has raw water supply agreements with the Lower Colorado River Authority (“LCRA”) and West Travis Public Utility Agency (“WTPUA”) expiring in 2053 and 2046, respectively, to provide for 350 acre-feet of water per year from Lake Austin and the Colorado River, respectively, at prices that may be adjusted periodically by the agencies. Production wells located in a Comal Trinity Groundwater Conservation District, a regulated portion of the Trinity aquifer, are charged a groundwater pump tax based upon usage. CLWSC has recently updated its Drought Management Plan to better account for both climatic conditions within its service area and increased demand due to new developments. The updated Drought Management Plans has been approved by the Texas Commission for Environmental Quality. CLWSC believes that by following the Drought Management Plan water supply sources will be sufficient to meet customer demand through the remainder of 2021.
Maine Water’s infrastructure consists of 12 noncontiguous water systems in the State of Maine.  These systems, in total, consist of approximately 600 miles of water main and reservoir storage capacity of 7.0 billion gallons.  The dependable yield from our 14 active wells and 7 surface water supplies is approximately 120 million gallons per day.  Water sources vary among the individual systems, but overall approximately 90% of the total dependable yield comes from surface water supplies and 10% from wells.
The following table presents the change in sources of water supply, in million gallons, for Water Utility Services:
 Three months ended March 31,Increase/
(decrease)
% of Total Change
20212020
Purchased water3,646 3,635 11 — %
Groundwater4,603 4,345 258 %
Surface water1,833 2,051 (218)(2)%
Reclaimed water85 86 (1)— %
10,167 10,117 50 %
The changes in the source of supply mix were consistent with the changes in the water production expenses.
SJWC’s unaccounted-for water on a 12-month-to-date basis for March 31, 2021, and 2020 approximated 7.2% and 8.0%, respectively, as a percentage of total production. The unaccounted-for water estimate is based on the results of past experience and the impact of flows through the system, partially offset by SJWC’s main replacements and lost water reduction programs.
CTWS’s unaccounted-for water on a 12-month-to-date basis for March 31, 2021 was approximately 16.2% as a percentage of total production. The unaccounted-for water estimate is based on the results of past experience and the impact of flows through CTWS’s systems, unadjusted for any required system flushing, partially offset by Water Infrastructure Conservation Adjustment (“WICA”) and Water Infrastructure Surcharge (“WISC”) main replacement programs and lost water reduction initiatives.
Water Production Expenses
The change in water production expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to the same period in 2020, was primarily attributable to changes in average per unit costs for purchased water, groundwater extraction and energy charges, offset by a decrease in available surface water for SJWC. Valley Water did not increase the unit price of purchased water and groundwater extraction fees for their fiscal year beginning July 1, 2020.
Other Operating Expenses
Operating expenses, excluding water production expenses, increased $1,564 for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to the same period in 2020. The increase was primarily attributable to an increase of $2,056 in depreciation and amortization expense due to increases in utility plant, partially offset by a decrease in administrative and general expenses.
Other (Expense) Income
For the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to the same period in 2020, the change in other (expense) income was primarily due to a decrease in pension non-service cost, and an increase in income generated from the return on retirement plan assets and contracted services.
Provision for Income Taxes
For the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to the same period in 2020, income tax expense decreased $1,334. The decrease in income tax expense was primarily due to lower pre-tax income, state tax credits and other income tax benefits. The
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effective consolidated income tax rates were (52)% and 15% for the three months ended March 31, 2021, and 2020, respectively. The lower effective rate for the three months ended March 31, 2021, was primarily due to excess tax benefits relating to share-based payment awards, state tax credits and other discrete tax items.
On March 11, 2021, the American Rescue Plan Act was signed into law. SJW Group is currently evaluating the impact this legislation may have on the consolidated financial results.
Regulation and Rates
Almost all of the operating revenue of SJW Group results from the sale of water at rates authorized by the subsidiaries’ respective state utilities commissions. The state utilities commissions set rates that are intended to provide revenue sufficient to recover operating expenses and the opportunity to achieve a specified return on common equity. The timing of rate decisions could have an impact on the results of operations.
See Note 2 of Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for a discussion of regulatory activities that have occurred during the quarter.

Liquidity:
Cash Flow from Operating Activities
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, SJW Group generated cash flows from operations of approximately $33,400, compared to $7,900 for the same period in 2020. Cash flow from operations is primarily generated by net income from revenue producing activities, adjusted for non-cash expenses for depreciation and amortization, deferred income taxes, stock-based compensation, gains or losses on the sale of assets, and changes in working capital items. Cash flow from operations increased by approximately $25,400. This increase was the result of a combination of the following factors: (1) increase in net changes in the balancing and memorandum accounts of $8,400, (2) payments of amounts previously invoiced and accrued including accrued productions costs, increased by $8,300, (3) an up-front payment of $5,000 in the prior year for renewal of the Cupertino service concession agreement that did not recur in the current year, (4) an increase in collections from accounts receivable and accrued unbilled utility revenue of $2,200, and (5) general working capital and net income, adjusted for non-cash items increased $1,500.
As of March 31, 2021, Water Utility Services’ write-offs for uncollectible accounts represented less than 1% of its total revenue, unchanged from March 31, 2020. In 2020, the regulated utilities commissions of the respective states we operate initiated executive orders suspending water service disconnections due to non-payment from customers in light of the then current stay-at-home orders, quarantines and similar governmental restrictions in response to the global COVID-19 pandemic. Some of the orders have been lifted and the anticipation is that the remaining orders will be lifted in 2021. Once lifted, management believes that the collection rate for its accounts receivables will increase back up to pre-pandemic levels. The financial impact of current past due accounts are being tracked for recovery through the rate-making process. There is no guarantee that such recovery will be approved by the respective state regulatory utility commissions.
Cash Flow from Investing Activities
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, SJW Group used cash flows in investing activities of approximately $51,900, compared to $42,500 for the same period in 2020. SJW Group used approximately: (1) $46,700 of cash for company-funded capital expenditures, (2) $4,700 for developer-funded capital expenditures, and (3) $500 for utility plant retirements.
Water Utility Services’ budgeted capital expenditures for 2021, exclusive of capital expenditures financed by customer contributions and advances, are anticipated to be approximately $238,800. As of March 31, 2021, approximately $46,700 or 20% of the $238,800 has been invested.
Water Utility Services’ capital expenditures are incurred in connection with normal upgrading and expansion of existing facilities and to comply with environmental regulations. Over the next five years, Water Utility Services expect to incur approximately $1,400,000 in capital expenditures, which includes replacement of pipes and mains, and maintaining water systems. A significant portion of this amount is subject to future respective state regulatory utility commissions’ approval. Capital expenditures have the effect of increasing utility plant rate base on which Water Utility Services earns a return. Water Utility Services actual capital expenditures may vary from their projections due to changes in the expected demand for services, weather patterns, actions by governmental agencies, and general economic conditions. Total additions to utility plant normally exceed Company-financed additions as a result of new facilities construction funded with advances from developers and contributions in aid of construction.
The Water Utility Services’ distribution systems were constructed during the period from the early 1900’s through today. Expenditure levels for renewal and modernization will occur as the components reach the end of their useful lives. In most
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cases, replacement cost will significantly exceed the original installation cost of the retired assets due to increases in the costs of goods and services and increased regulation.
Cash Flow from Financing Activities
Net cash provided by financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2021, decreased by approximately $21,100 from the same period in the prior year, primarily as a result of (1) a decrease in net borrowings and repayments on our lines of credit of $67,700, (2) a decrease in net proceeds from new long-term debt of $18,000, (3) $1,800 decrease in net cash receipts from advances and contributions in aid of construction, offset by (3) an increase in net proceeds from our recent common stock equity offering of $67,200.

Sources of Capital:
SJW Group’s ability to finance future construction programs and sustain dividend payments depends on its ability to maintain or increase internally generated funds and attract external financing. The level of future earnings and the related cash flow from operations is dependent, in large part, upon the timing and outcome of regulatory proceedings.
Long-term Financing Agreements
SJW Group’s 2011 unsecured senior note agreement has terms and conditions that restrict SJW Group from issuing additional funded debt if: (1) the funded consolidated debt would exceed 66-2/3% of total capitalization, and (2) the minimum net worth of SJW Group becomes less than $175,000 plus 30% of Water Utility Services cumulative net income, since June 30, 2011. SJW Group’s 2019 and 2020 unsecured senior note agreements have terms and conditions that restrict SJW Group from issuing additional funded debt if the funded consolidated debt would exceed 70% of total capitalization. SJW Group was not restricted from issuing future indebtedness as a result of these terms and conditions at March 31, 2021.
SJWC’s financing activity is designed to achieve a capital structure consistent with our CPUC authorized structure of approximately 47% debt and 53% equity. As of March 31, 2021, SJWC’s funded debt and equity were approximately 46% and 54%, respectively.
Funding for SJWC’s future capital expenditure program is expected to be provided primarily through internally-generated funds, the issuance of new long-term debt, and the issuance of equity, all of which will be consistent with regulator guidelines.
SJWC’s unsecured senior note agreements generally have terms and conditions that restrict SJWC from issuing additional funded debt if: (1) the funded debt would exceed 66-2/3% of total capitalization, and (2) net income available for interest charges for the trailing 12-month-calendar period would be less than 175% of interest charges. SJWC was not restricted from issuing future indebtedness as a result of these terms and conditions at March 31, 2021.
SJWC’s loan agreements with the California Pollution Control Financing Authority contain affirmative and negative covenants customary for loan agreements relating to revenue bonds, including, among other things, complying with certain disclosure obligations and covenants relating to the tax exempt status of the interest on the bonds and limitations and prohibitions relating to the transfer of the projects funded by the loan proceeds and the assignment of the loan agreement. As of March 31, 2021, SJWC was in compliance with all such covenants.
CTWS has outstanding term loans with a commercial bank, and under the master loan agreement CTWS is required to comply with certain financial ratio and customary affirmative and negative covenants. The most restrictive of these covenants is to maintain a consolidated (CTWS and its subsidiaries) debt to capitalization ratio of not more than 60%. As of March 31, 2021, CTWS was in compliance with all covenants under the master loan agreement.
Connecticut Water has outstanding term loans with a commercial bank, and under its master loan agreement Connecticut Water is required to comply with financial and customary affirmative and negative covenants substantially identical to those found in CTWS’s master loan agreement. Connecticut Water is required to maintain a debt to capitalization ratio of not more than 60% and an interest coverage ratio of no less than 3 to 1. As of March 31, 2021, Connecticut Water was in compliance with all covenants under its master loan agreement.
Connecticut Water has tax-exempt and taxable Water Facilities Revenue Bonds issued through Connecticut Innovations (formerly the Connecticut Development Authority). The bond indentures and loan agreements contain customary affirmative and negative covenants and also provide for the acceleration of the Revenue Bonds upon the occurrence of stated events of default. As of March 31, 2021, Connecticut Water was in compliance with all covenants of the bond indentures and loan agreements.
Connecticut Water’s unsecured senior notes have terms and conditions that restrict Connecticut Water from issuing additional debt or paying a dividend to CTWS if such debt or distribution would trigger an event of default. The senior note agreements also require Connecticut Water to maintain a debt to capitalization ratio of not more than 60% and an interest coverage ratio of
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no less than 3 to 1. As of March 31, 2021, Connecticut Water was in compliance with all financial ratio and customary affirmative and negative covenants under this agreement.
SJWTX, Inc.’s unsecured senior note agreement has terms and conditions that restrict SJWTX, Inc. from issuing additional funded debt if: (1) the funded debt would exceed 66-2/3% of total capitalization, and (2) net income available for interest charges for the trailing 12-month-calendar period would be less than 175% of interest charges. In addition, SJW Group is a guarantor of SJWTX, Inc.’s senior note which has terms and conditions that restrict SJW Group from issuing additional funded debt if: (1) the funded consolidated debt would exceed 66-2/3% of total capitalization, and (2) the minimum net worth of SJW Group becomes less than $125,000 plus 30% of Water Utility Services cumulative net income, since December 31, 2005. As of March 31, 2021, SJWTX, Inc. and SJW Group were not restricted from issuing future indebtedness as a result of these terms and conditions.
Maine Water has First Mortgage Bonds issued to the Maine Municipal Bond Bank through the State Safe Drinking Water Revolving Loan Fund and First Mortgage Bonds issued to One America. The associated bond indentures and loan agreements contain customary affirmative and negative covenants, including a prohibition on the issuance of indebtedness secured by assets or revenue of Maine Water where the lien is senior to the lien of the bond trustee under the above bonds except as permitted by the bond indentures and related loan and security agreements, a requirement to maintain a debt to capitalization ratio of not more than 65% and an interest coverage ratio of no less than 3 to 1, required compliance with other various financial covenants, and a provision for maturity acceleration upon the occurrence of stated events of default. As of March 31, 2021, Maine Water was in compliance with all covenants in its bond indentures and related loan agreements.
Maine Water has outstanding term loans with a commercial bank and under its master loan agreement, Maine Water is required to comply with financial and customary affirmative and negative covenants substantially identical to those found in CTWS and Connecticut Water’s master loan agreements. Maine Water is required to maintain a debt to capitalization ratio of not more than 60% and an interest coverage ratio of no less than 3 to 1. As of March 31, 2021, Maine Water was in compliance with all covenants under its master loan agreement.
On March 2, 2021, Maine Water entered into a credit agreement with a commercial bank, pursuant to an existing master loan agreement under which the commercial bank issued Maine Water a promissory note on the same date with an aggregate principal amount of $17,000 and a fixed interest rate of 3.89%, due March 1, 2041. The notes are unsecured obligations of Maine Water. Interest is payable quarterly in arrears on the 20th day of January, April, July and October of each year. The promissory note contains customary representations and warranties. Under the promissory note, Maine Water is required to comply with certain customary affirmative and negative covenants for as long as the notes are outstanding. The notes are also subject to customary events of default, the occurrence of which may result in all of the notes then outstanding becoming immediately due and payable. Proceeds from the borrowing were received on March 18, 2021. As of March 31, 2021, Maine Water was in compliance with all financial, affirmative and negative covenants under this agreement.
Short-term Financing Agreements
As of March 31, 2021, SJW Group and its subsidiaries had unsecured bank lines of credit, allowing aggregate short-term borrowings of up to $260,000, of which $5,000 was available to SJWTX, Inc. under a single line of credit, $140,000 was available to SJWC under a single line of credit, and $40,000 and $75,000 under a third and fourth, respectively, lines of credit was available to CTWS. At March 31, 2021, SJW Group and its subsidiaries had available unused short-term bank lines of credit totaling $138,491. The lines of credit bear interest at variable rates. On April 23, 2021, the $140,000 line of credit of SJWC, which was set to mature and expire on June 1, 2021, was paid-off and replaced by a new $140,000 line of credit that will expire on December 31, 2023. On April 23, 2021, the $5,000 line of credit of SJWTX, Inc., which was set to mature and expired on June 1, 2021, was paid off and replaced by a new $5,000 line of credit that will expire on December 31, 2023. The $40,000 and $75,000 lines of credit for CTWS expire May 15, 2025 and December 14, 2023, respectively. During 2020, the cost of borrowing on SJW Group’s short-term credit facilities has averaged 1.42%. All of SJW Group’s and subsidiaries lines of credit contain customary representations, warranties and events of default, as well as certain restrictive covenants customary for facilities of this type, including restrictions on indebtedness, liens, acquisitions and investments, restricted payments, asset sales, and fundamental changes. All of the lines of credit also include certain financial covenants that require the borrower to maintain a maximum funded debt to capitalization ratio and a minimum interest coverage ratio. As of March 31, 2021, SJW Group and its subsidiaries were in compliance with all covenants on their lines of credit.
Equity Financing Agreement
On March 8, 2021, SJW Group entered into an underwriting agreement with J.P. Morgan Securities LLC, as the representative of the several underwriters named therein (the “Underwriters”), which provided for the issuance and sale by SJW Group to the Underwriters of 1,030,000 shares of our common stock, par value $0.001 per share, in an underwritten public offering (the “Offering”). The shares in the Offering were sold at a public offering price of $59.00 per share. SJW Group also granted the Underwriters an option to purchase up to 154,500 additional shares of our common stock, which was exercised in full. The Offering closed on March 10, 2021 and the offering of option shares closed on March 16, 2021.
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SJW Group received net proceeds of approximately $58,122 from the Offering and received additional net proceeds of approximately $8,774 from the sale of the option shares, in each case after deducting the underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by SJW Group. SJW Group used the proceeds from the offerings to pay down a bank line of credit agreement, dated as of June 1, 2016, between SJWC and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. and for general corporate purposes, which include, among other things, financing infrastructure improvements and other capital expenditures, repayment of debt or other corporate obligations and working capital.
The condition of the capital and credit markets or the strength of financial institutions could impact SJW Group’s ability to draw on its lines of credit, issue long-term debt, sell its equity or earn interest income. In addition, government policies, the state of the credit markets and other factors could result in increased interest rates, which would increase SJW Group’s cost of capital. While our ability to obtain financing will continue to be a key risk, we believe that based on our 2021 activities, we expect to have access to the external funding sources necessary to implement our on-going capital investment programs in the future. On October 16, 2019, Standard & Poor’s Ratings Service initiated coverage on SJW Group assigning a company rating of A-, with a stable outlook and affirming its company rating at SJWC of A, with a stable outlook.  In addition, on October 14, 2019, S&P affirmed its ratings of CTWS and Connecticut Water of A- with a stable outlook.

ITEM 3.QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
SJW Group is subject to market risks in the normal course of business, including changes in interest rates, pension plan asset values, and equity prices. The exposure to changes in interest rates can result from the issuance of debt and short-term funds obtained through the company’s variable rate lines of credit. SJWC and Connecticut Water sponsor noncontributory pension plans for its employees. Pension costs and the funded status of the plans are affected by a number of factors including the discount rate, mortality rates of plan participants, investment returns on plan assets, and pension reform legislation.
SJW Group has no derivative financial instruments, financial instruments with significant off-balance sheet risks, or financial instruments with concentrations of credit risk.

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
SJW Group’s management, with the participation of its Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of SJW Group’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the “Exchange Act”), as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that SJW Group’s disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report have been designed and are functioning effectively to provide reasonable assurance that the information required to be disclosed by SJW Group in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. SJW Group believes that a control system, no matter how well designed and operated, cannot provide absolute assurance that the objectives of the control system are met, and no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within a company have been detected.
There has been no change in internal control over financial reporting during the first fiscal quarter of 2021 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the internal controls over financial reporting of SJW Group.
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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
SJW Group is subject to ordinary routine litigation incidental to its business. There are no pending legal proceedings to which SJW Group or any of its subsidiaries is a party, or to which any of its properties is the subject, that are expected to have a material effect on SJW Group’s business, financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

ITEM 1A.RISK FACTORS
In addition to the other information set forth in this report, you should carefully consider the factors discussed in the “Risk Factors” in SJW Group’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 and our other public filings, which could materially affect our business, financial condition or future results. There has been no material changes from risk factors previously disclosed in “Risk Factors” in SJW Group’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.

ITEM 5.OTHER INFORMATION
Quarterly Dividend
On April 28, 2021, the Board of Directors of SJW Group declared the regular quarterly dividend of $0.34 per share of common stock. The dividend will be paid on June 1, 2021, to stockholders of record as of the close of business on May 10, 2021.
Information Web Sites
SJW Group post information about the operating and financial performance of SJW Group and its subsidiaries on its web sites at www.sjwgroup.com, www.sjwater.com and www.ctwater.com from time to time. The information on our web sites is not a part of and should not be considered incorporated by reference into this Form 10-Q.

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ITEM 6.EXHIBITS
Exhibit
Number
  Description
1.1
10.1
10.2
31.1  
31.2  
32.1  
32.2  
101.INSXBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the interactive data file because its XBRL tags are embedded within the inline XBRL document.
101.SCHXBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CALXBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEFXBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LABXBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PREXBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
104Cover Page Interactive Data File – the cover page XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document
  
(1)Filed currently herewith.

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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 SJW GROUP
DATE:April 30, 2021By:/s/ JAMES P. LYNCH
 James P. Lynch
 Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer
(Principal financial officer)

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