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EHC Encompass Health

Filed: 3 Aug 21, 4:54pm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, DC 20549
 ______________________________
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2021
OR 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number 001-10315
______________________________ 
Encompass Health Corporation
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its Charter)
Delaware63-0860407
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
9001 Liberty Parkway
Birmingham, Alabama 35242
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
(205) 967-7116
(Registrant’s telephone number)
 Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per shareEHCNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  No 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes  No 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filerNon-Accelerated filer
Smaller reporting companyEmerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.   
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2). Yes ☐ No 
 
The registrant had 99,503,755 shares of common stock outstanding, net of treasury shares, as of July 22, 2021.



TABLE OF CONTENTS
NOTE TO READERS
As used in this report, the terms “Encompass Health,” “we,” “us,” “our,” and the “Company” refer to Encompass Health Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries, unless otherwise stated or indicated by context. This drafting style is suggested by the Securities and Exchange Commission and is not meant to imply that Encompass Health Corporation, the publicly traded parent company, owns or operates any specific asset, business, or property. The hospitals, operations, and businesses described in this filing are primarily owned and operated by subsidiaries of the parent company. In addition, we use the term “Encompass Health Corporation” to refer to Encompass Health Corporation alone wherever a distinction between Encompass Health Corporation and its subsidiaries is required or aids in the understanding of this filing.
i


CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This quarterly report contains historical information, as well as forward-looking statements that involve known and unknown risks and relate to, among other things, future events, the spread and impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, changes to Medicare reimbursement and other healthcare laws and regulations from time to time, our business strategy, our dividend and stock repurchase strategies, our financial plans, our growth plans, our future financial performance, our projected business results, or our projected capital expenditures. In some cases, the reader can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “expects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “targets,” “potential,” or “continue” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. Such forward-looking statements are necessarily estimates based upon current information and involve a number of risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control. Any forward-looking statement is based on information current as of the date of this report and speaks only as of the date on which such statement is made. Actual events or results may differ materially from the results anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of a variety of factors. While it is impossible to identify all such factors, the factors described below could cause, and in the case of the COVID-19 pandemic has already caused, actual results to differ materially from those estimated by us.
Each of the factors discussed in Item 1A, Risk Factors, of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, as well as uncertainties and factors, if any, discussed elsewhere in this Form 10-Q, including in the “Executive Overview—Key Challenges” section of Part I, Item 2, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, in our other filings from time to time with the SEC, or in materials incorporated therein by reference;
Our ongoing strategic review of the home health and hospice business exposes us to a number of risks and uncertainties, including diversion of management’s time to the process; the incurrence of significant expenses associated with the review and pursuit of any transaction; increased difficulties in attracting, retaining or motivating key management personnel; exposure to potential litigation; and inability to realize anticipated benefits from a potential transaction or other strategic alternative involving our home health and hospice business, any of which could adversely affect our business, financial results or condition, or stock price.
If the strategic review results in our full separation from the home health and hospice business, our revenues will be concentrated in Medicare reimbursement for inpatient rehabilitative services.
A pandemic, epidemic, or other widespread outbreak of an infectious disease or other public health crisis could decrease our patient volumes, pricing, and revenues, lead to staffing and supply shortages and associated cost increases, otherwise interrupt operations, or lead to increased litigation risk and, in the case of the COVID-19 pandemic, has already done so in many instances.
Governmental actions in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, such as shelter-in-place orders, new workplace regulations, facility closures and quarantines, could reduce volumes and otherwise impair our ability to operate and provide care and in many instances already have done so.
Our inability to maintain infectious disease prevention and control efforts that are required and effectively minimize the spread of COVID-19 among patients and employees could decrease our patient volumes and revenues, lead to staffing shortages or otherwise interrupt operations, or lead to increased litigation risk.
Reductions or delays in, or suspension of, reimbursement for our services by governmental or private payors, including our inability to obtain and retain favorable arrangements with third-party payors, could decrease our revenues and adversely affect other operating results.
Restrictive interpretations of the regulations governing the claims that are reimbursable by Medicare could decrease our revenues and adversely affect other operating results.
New or changing Medicare quality reporting requirements could adversely affect our operating costs or Medicare reimbursement.
Reimbursement claims are subject to various audits from time to time and such audits may lead to assertions that we have been overpaid or have submitted improper claims, and such assertions may require us to incur additional costs to respond to requests for records and defend the validity of payments and claims and may ultimately require us to refund any amounts determined to have been overpaid.
The use by governmental agencies and contractors of statistical sampling and extrapolation may substantially expand claims of overpayment or noncompliance.
ii


Delays and other substantive and procedural deficiencies in the administrative appeals process associated with denied Medicare reimbursement claims, including from various Medicare audit programs, could delay or reduce our reimbursement for services previously provided, including through recoupment from other claims due to us from Medicare.
Efforts to reduce payments to healthcare providers undertaken by third-party payors, conveners, and referral sources could adversely affect our revenues or profitability.
Changes in our payor mix or the acuity of our patients could reduce our revenues or profitability.
Changes in the rules and regulations of the healthcare industry at either or both of the federal and state levels, including those contemplated now and in the future as part of national healthcare reform and deficit reduction (such as the re-basing of payment systems, the introduction of site neutral payments or case-mix weightings across post-acute settings, and other payment system reforms, including the Patient-Driven Groupings Model for home health) could decrease revenues and increase the costs of complying with the rules and regulations.
The ongoing evolution of the healthcare delivery system, including alternative payment models and value-based purchasing initiatives, could decrease our reimbursement rate or increase costs associated with our operations.
Compliance with the extensive and frequently changing laws and regulations applicable to healthcare providers requires substantial time, effort and expense, and if we fail to comply, we could incur penalties and significant costs of investigating and defending asserted claims, whether meritorious or not, or be required to make significant changes to our operations.
Our inability to maintain proper local, state and federal licensing, including compliance with the Medicare conditions of participation and provider enrollment requirements, could decrease our revenues.
Incidents affecting the proper operation, availability, or security of our or our vendors’ or partners’ information systems, including the patient information stored there, could cause substantial losses and adversely affect our operations and governmental mandates to increase use of electronic records and interoperability exacerbate that risk.
Any adverse outcome of various lawsuits, claims, and legal or regulatory proceedings, including disclosed and undisclosed qui tam suits could be difficult to predict and could adversely affect our financial results or condition or our operations, and we could experience increased costs of defending and insuring against alleged professional liability and other claims.
Our inability to successfully complete and integrate de novo developments, acquisitions, investments, and joint ventures consistent with our growth strategy, including realization of anticipated revenues, cost savings, productivity improvements arising from the related operations and avoidance of unanticipated difficulties, costs or liabilities that could arise from acquisitions or integrations could adversely affect our financial results or condition.
Our inability to attract and retain nurses, therapists, and other healthcare professionals in a highly competitive environment with often severe staffing shortages and potential union activity could increase labor expenses and adversely affect other financial and operating results.
Competitive pressures in the healthcare industry, including from other providers that may be participating in integrated delivery payment arrangements in which we do not participate, and our response to those pressures could adversely affect our revenues or other financial results.
Our inability to maintain or develop relationships with patient referral sources could decrease our revenues.
Our debt and the associated restrictive covenants could have negative consequences for our business and limit our ability to execute aspects of our business plan successfully.
The price of our common stock could adversely affect our willingness and ability to repurchase shares.
We may be unable or unwilling to continue to declare and pay dividends on our common stock.
General conditions in the economy and capital markets, including any disruption, instability, or uncertainty related to armed conflict or an act of terrorism, a governmental impasse over approval of the United States federal budget, an increase to the debt ceiling, an international trade war, or a sovereign debt crisis could adversely affect our financial results or condition, including access to the capital markets.
iii


The cautionary statements referred to in this section also should be considered in connection with any subsequent written or oral forward-looking statements that may be issued by us or persons acting on our behalf. We undertake no duty to update these forward-looking statements, even though our situation may change in the future. Furthermore, we cannot guarantee future results, events, levels of activity, performance, or achievements.
iv


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Encompass Health Corporation and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
 2021202020212020
(In Millions, Except Per Share Data)
Net operating revenues$1,287.7 $1,074.1 $2,518.1 $2,256.1 
Operating expenses:  
Salaries and benefits708.2 651.9 1,395.4 1,331.0 
Other operating expenses172.7 148.3 335.0 307.9 
Occupancy costs20.2 20.3 40.4 40.5 
Supplies50.0 50.6 101.9 96.3 
General and administrative expenses54.2 43.0 92.8 78.6 
Depreciation and amortization63.4 60.7 125.9 119.5 
Government, class action, and related settlements2.8 
Total operating expenses1,068.7 974.8 2,091.4 1,976.6 
Loss on early extinguishment of debt1.0 1.0 
Interest expense and amortization of debt discounts and fees41.8 45.8 84.6 89.0 
Other income(4.6)(5.8)(6.0)(3.9)
Equity in net income of nonconsolidated affiliates(1.0)(0.7)(2.0)(1.5)
Income from continuing operations before income tax expense181.8 60.0 349.1 195.9 
Provision for income tax expense39.5 11.8 74.0 38.9 
Income from continuing operations142.3 48.2 275.1 157.0 
(Loss) income from discontinued operations, net of tax(0.3)0.1 (0.3)
Net and comprehensive income142.0 48.3 274.8 157.0 
Less: Net and comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests(28.7)(14.8)(54.2)(36.5)
Net and comprehensive income attributable to Encompass Health$113.3 $33.5 $220.6 $120.5 
Weighted average common shares outstanding:  
Basic99.0 98.7 99.0 98.5 
Diluted100.2 99.9 100.2 99.6 
Earnings per common share:
Basic earnings per share attributable to Encompass Health common shareholders: 
Continuing operations$1.14 $0.34 $2.22 $1.22 
Discontinued operations
Net income$1.14 $0.34 $2.22 $1.22 
Diluted earnings per share attributable to Encompass Health common shareholders:
Continuing operations$1.13 $0.34 $2.20 $1.21 
Discontinued operations
Net income$1.13 $0.34 $2.20 $1.21 
Amounts attributable to Encompass Health common shareholders:  
Income from continuing operations$113.6 $33.4 $220.9 $120.5 
(Loss) income from discontinued operations, net of tax(0.3)0.1 (0.3)
Net income attributable to Encompass Health$113.3 $33.5 $220.6 $120.5 
The accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these condensed statements.
1


Encompass Health Corporation and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
June 30,
2021
December 31,
2020
 (In Millions)
Assets  
Current assets: 
Cash and cash equivalents$73.2 $224.0 
Restricted cash65.0 65.4 
Accounts receivable627.5 572.8 
Other current assets93.6 86.4 
Total current assets859.3 948.6 
Property and equipment, net2,391.2 2,206.6 
Operating lease right-of-use assets244.9 245.7 
Goodwill2,412.3 2,318.7 
Intangible assets, net435.5 431.3 
Other long-term assets269.7 295.0 
Total assets(1)
$6,612.9 $6,445.9 
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
Current liabilities:
Current portion of long-term debt$66.8 $38.3 
Current operating lease liabilities42.0 44.8 
Accounts payable145.1 115.0 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities550.6 519.2 
Total current liabilities804.5 717.3 
Long-term debt, net of current portion3,105.7 3,250.6 
Long-term operating lease liabilities212.9 209.6 
Deferred income tax liabilities61.7 51.8 
Other long-term liabilities219.1 215.0 
 4,403.9 4,444.3 
Commitments and contingencies00
Redeemable noncontrolling interests32.9 31.6 
Shareholders’ equity:  
Encompass Health shareholders’ equity1,762.0 1,588.0 
Noncontrolling interests414.1 382.0 
Total shareholders’ equity2,176.1 1,970.0 
Total liabilities(1) and shareholders’ equity
$6,612.9 $6,445.9 
(1)Our consolidated assets as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 include total assets of variable interest entities of $230.8 million and $221.2 million, respectively, which cannot be used by us to settle the obligations of other entities. Our consolidated liabilities as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 include total liabilities of the variable interest entities of $47.1 million and $46.8 million, respectively. See Note 3, Variable Interest Entities.
The accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these condensed statements.
2



Encompass Health Corporation and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity
(Unaudited)


 Three Months Ended June 30, 2021
 (In Millions)
 Encompass Health Common Shareholders  
 Number of Common
Shares Outstanding
Common StockCapital in Excess of
Par Value
Accumulated
Deficit
Treasury StockNoncontrolling
Interests
Total
Balance at beginning of period99.6 $1.1 $2,302.7 $(135.0)$(513.7)$387.9 $2,043.0 
Net income— — — 113.3 — 26.0 139.3 
Receipt of treasury stock— — — — (0.8)— (0.8)
Dividends declared ($0.28 per share)— — (28.1)— — — (28.1)
Stock-based compensation— — 12.0 — — — 12.0 
Distributions declared— — — — — (23.0)(23.0)
Capital contributions from consolidated affiliates— — — — — 36.0 36.0 
Other(0.1)— 14.0 — (3.5)(12.8)(2.3)
Balance at end of period99.5 $1.1 $2,300.6 $(21.7)$(518.0)$414.1 $2,176.1 

 Three Months Ended June 30, 2020
 (In Millions)
 Encompass Health Common Shareholders  
 Number of Common Shares OutstandingCommon StockCapital in Excess of Par ValueAccumulated DeficitTreasury StockNoncontrolling InterestsTotal
Balance at beginning of period99.4 $1.1 $2,376.2 $(439.5)$(493.9)$353.3 $1,797.2 
Net income— — — 33.5 — 13.3 46.8 
Receipt of treasury stock— — — — (0.1)— (0.1)
Dividends declared ($0.28 per share)— — (28.0)— — — (28.0)
Stock-based compensation— — 9.9 — — — 9.9 
Distributions declared— — — — — (13.6)(13.6)
Capital contributions from consolidated affiliates— — — — — 18.9 18.9 
Other— — 4.3 — (0.7)(3.3)0.3 
Balance at end of period99.4 $1.1 $2,362.4 $(406.0)$(494.7)$368.6 $1,831.4 
The accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these condensed statements.
3



Encompass Health Corporation and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity (Continued)
(Unaudited)


 Six Months Ended June 30, 2021
 (In Millions)
 Encompass Health Common Shareholders  
 Number of Common
Shares Outstanding
Common StockCapital in Excess of
Par Value
Accumulated
Deficit
Treasury StockNoncontrolling
Interests
Total
Balance at beginning of period99.4 $1.1 $2,326.6 $(242.3)$(497.4)$382.0 $1,970.0 
Net income— — — 220.6 — 49.1 269.7 
Receipt of treasury stock(0.2)— — — (16.4)— (16.4)
Dividends declared ($0.56 per share)— — (55.9)— — — (55.9)
Stock-based compensation— — 14.8 — — — 14.8 
Distributions declared— — — — — (45.4)(45.4)
Capital contributions from consolidated affiliates— — — — — 41.8 41.8 
Other0.3 — 15.1 — (4.2)(13.4)(2.5)
Balance at end of period99.5 $1.1 $2,300.6 $(21.7)$(518.0)$414.1 $2,176.1 

 Six Months Ended June 30, 2020
 (In Millions)
 Encompass Health Common Shareholders  
 Number of Common Shares OutstandingCommon StockCapital in Excess of Par ValueAccumulated DeficitTreasury StockNoncontrolling InterestsTotal
Balance at beginning of period98.6 $1.1 $2,369.9 $(526.5)$(492.3)$340.9 $1,693.1 
Net income— — — 120.5 — 33.0 153.5 
Receipt of treasury stock(0.2)— — — (15.7)— (15.7)
Dividends declared ($0.56 per share)— — (55.9)— — — (55.9)
Exchange of Holdings shares0.6 — 27.1 — 19.2 — 46.3 
Stock-based compensation— — 17.0 — — — 17.0 
Distributions declared— — — — — (29.1)(29.1)
Capital contributions from consolidated affiliates— — — — — 24.7 24.7 
Repurchases of common stock in the open market(0.1)— — — (4.9)— (4.9)
Other0.5 — 4.3 — (1.0)(0.9)2.4 
Balance at end of period99.4 $1.1 $2,362.4 $(406.0)$(494.7)$368.6 $1,831.4 
The accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these condensed statements.
4



Encompass Health Corporation and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)

 Six Months Ended June 30,
 20212020
 (In Millions)
Cash flows from operating activities:  
Net income$274.8 $157.0 
Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax0.3 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities—  
Depreciation and amortization125.9 119.5 
Stock-based compensation14.8 17.0 
Deferred tax expense (benefit)6.2 (9.1)
Other, net4.0 7.8 
Change in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions— 
Accounts receivable(38.1)(38.5)
Other assets(17.2)20.0 
Accounts payable6.6 (0.4)
Accrued payroll27.4 58.4 
Other liabilities10.3 (80.0)
Net cash used in operating activities of discontinued operations(0.6)(0.1)
Total adjustments139.3 94.6 
Net cash provided by operating activities414.4 251.6 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Acquisitions of businesses, net of cash acquired(97.7)(1.1)
Purchases of property and equipment(212.7)(166.6)
Additions to capitalized software costs(10.0)(4.4)
Other, net(1.2)(3.0)
Net cash used in investing activities(321.6)(175.1)
The accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these condensed statements.
5



Encompass Health Corporation and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Continued)
(Unaudited)

Six Months Ended June 30,
20212020
(In Millions)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from bond issuance592.5 
Principal payments on debt, including pre-payments(207.3)(11.0)
Borrowings on revolving credit facility45.0 330.0 
Payments on revolving credit facility(375.0)
Principal payments under finance lease obligations(11.8)(10.9)
Taxes paid on behalf of employees for shares withheld(16.4)(15.7)
Contributions from consolidated affiliates36.1 16.8 
Dividends paid on common stock(56.9)(56.7)
Distributions paid to noncontrolling interests of consolidated affiliates(52.7)(37.4)
Repurchases of common stock, including fees and expenses(4.9)
Purchase of equity interests in consolidated affiliates(162.3)
Other, net0.1 (11.5)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities(263.9)253.9 
(Decrease) increase in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash(171.1)330.4 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of period310.9 159.6 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at end of period$139.8 $490.0 
Reconciliation of Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period$224.0 $94.8 
Restricted cash at beginning of period65.4 57.4 
Restricted cash included in other long-term assets at beginning of period21.5 7.4 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of period$310.9 $159.6 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$73.2 $419.0 
Restricted cash at end of period65.0 56.4 
Restricted cash included in other long-term assets at end of period1.6 14.6 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at end of period$139.8 $490.0 
The accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these condensed statements.
6


Encompass Health Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

1.Basis of Presentation
Encompass Health Corporation, incorporated in Delaware in 1984, including its subsidiaries, is a leading provider of post-acute healthcare services, offering both facility-based and home-based patient services in 42 states and Puerto Rico through its network of inpatient rehabilitation hospitals, home health agencies, and hospice agencies. We manage our operations and disclose financial information using 2 reportable segments: (1) inpatient rehabilitation and (2) home health and hospice. See also Note 11, Segment Reporting.
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of Encompass Health Corporation and Subsidiaries should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes contained in Encompass Health’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission on February 26, 2021 (the “2020 Form 10‑K”). The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the SEC applicable to interim financial information. Certain information and note disclosures included in financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America have been omitted in these interim statements, as allowed by such SEC rules and regulations. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2020 has been derived from audited financial statements, but it does not include all disclosures required by GAAP. However, we believe the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading.
The unaudited results of operations for the interim periods shown in these financial statements are not necessarily indicative of operating results for the entire year. In our opinion, the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements recognize all adjustments of a normal recurring nature considered necessary to fairly state the financial position, results of operations, and cash flows for each interim period presented.
Supplemental Noncash Investing and Financing Items
Our noncash investing and financing activities related to increases in property and equipment additions under financing arrangements were $46.6 million and $4.3 million during the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. In addition, our noncash investing activities related to increases in our accrued purchases of property and equipment were $17.0 million and $0.1 million during the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Net Operating Revenues
Our Net operating revenues disaggregated by payor source and segment are as follows (in millions):
Inpatient RehabilitationHome Health and HospiceConsolidated
Three Months Ended June 30,Three Months Ended June 30,Three Months Ended June 30,
202120202021202020212020
Medicare$650.8 $502.9 $234.9 $204.1 $885.7 $707.0 
Medicare Advantage153.6 166.1 29.9 29.2 183.5 195.3 
Managed care114.7 88.4 16.6 11.5 131.3 99.9 
Medicaid41.8 34.7 4.2 4.1 46.0 38.8 
Other third-party payors11.0 9.3 11.0 9.3 
Workers’ compensation5.2 4.2 0.3 5.2 4.5 
Patients4.3 4.2 0.3 0.2 4.6 4.4 
Other income20.2 14.7 0.2 0.2 20.4 14.9 
Total$1,001.6 $824.5 $286.1 $249.6 $1,287.7 $1,074.1 

7

Encompass Health Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Inpatient RehabilitationHome Health and HospiceConsolidated
Six Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
202120202021202020212020
Medicare$1,265.3 $1,145.9 $458.8 $430.4 $1,724.1 $1,576.3 
Medicare Advantage312.0 277.0 57.9 58.7 369.9 335.7 
Managed care226.9 178.3 30.9 23.5 257.8 201.8 
Medicaid80.8 65.2 8.0 8.4 88.8 73.6 
Other third-party payors23.1 20.3 23.1 20.3 
Workers’ compensation10.9 11.1 0.1 0.5 11.0 11.6 
Patients9.2 9.7 0.5 0.6 9.7 10.3 
Other income33.3 26.2 0.4 0.3 33.7 26.5 
Total$1,961.5 $1,733.7 $556.6 $522.4 $2,518.1 $2,256.1 
    
See Note 1, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, to the consolidated financial statements accompanying the 2020 Form 10-K for our policy related to Net operating revenues.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes.” The standard removes certain exceptions to the general principles of ASC 740 and simplifies other areas such as accounting for outside basis differences of equity method investments. Either prospective or retrospective transition of this standard is dependent upon the specific amendments. The new guidance was effective for us beginning January 1, 2021. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact to our condensed consolidated financial statements.
We do not believe any other recently issued, but not yet effective, accounting standards will have a material effect on our condensed consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
2.Business Combinations
Inpatient Rehabilitation
During the six months ended June 30, 2021, we completed the following inpatient rehabilitation acquisitions, none of which were individually material to our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. Each acquisition was made to enhance our position and ability to provide inpatient rehabilitation services to patients in the applicable geographic areas.
In April 2021, we acquired 51% of the operations of a 14-bed inpatient rehabilitation unit in San Angelo, Texas when Shannon Medical contributed those operations to our existing joint venture entity.
In June 2021, we acquired 75% of the operations of a 16-bed inpatient rehabilitation unit in McKees Rocks, Pennsylvania through our existing joint venture with Heritage Valley Health System, Inc. The acquisition was funded using cash on hand. The cash payment of $1.1 million shown in the table below occurred in July 2021.
    We accounted for these transactions under the acquisition method of accounting and reported the results of operations of the acquired hospitals from its respective date of acquisition. Assets acquired were recorded at their estimated fair values as of the acquisition date. Estimated fair values were based on various valuation methodologies including: an income approach using primarily discounted cash flow techniques for the noncompete intangible assets and an income approach utilizing the relief from royalty method for the trade name intangible asset. The aforementioned income methods utilize management’s estimates of future operating results and cash flows discounted using a weighted-average cost of capital that reflects market participant assumptions. The excess of the fair value of the consideration conveyed over the fair value of the assets acquired was recorded as goodwill. The goodwill reflects our expectations of our ability to gain access to and penetrate the acquired hospital’s historical patient base and the benefits of being able to leverage operational efficiencies with favorable growth opportunities based on positive demographic trends in this market. NaN of the goodwill recorded as a result from these transactions is deductible for federal income tax purposes.

8

Encompass Health Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

The fair value of the assets acquired at the acquisition date were as follows (in millions):
Identifiable intangible assets: 
Noncompete agreement (useful life of 3 years)$0.4 
Trade name (useful life of 20 years)0.3 
Goodwill3.5 
Other long-term assets0.1 
Total assets acquired$4.3 
Information regarding the net cash paid for the inpatient rehabilitation acquisitions during each period presented is as follows (in millions):
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
Fair value of assets acquired$0.8 $1.4 $0.8 $1.7 
Goodwill3.5 6.6 3.5 9.2 
Fair value of noncontrolling interest owned by joint venture partner(3.2)(8.0)(3.2)(10.9)
Net cash paid for acquisitions$1.1 $$1.1 $
Home Health and Hospice
On June 1, 2021, we completed the acquisition of the home health and hospice assets of Frontier Home Health and Hospice (“Frontier”) in Alaska, Colorado, Montana, Washington, and Wyoming. The Frontier acquisition included the purchase of a 50% equity interest in the Heart of the Rockies Home Health joint venture and a 90% equity interest in the Hospice of Southwest Montana joint venture (inclusive of an additional 40% equity interest purchased for approximately $4 million). On the acquisition date, 9 home health and 11 hospice locations became part of our national network of home health and hospice locations. This acquisition was made to expand our existing presence in Colorado and Wyoming and extend our services to Alaska, Montana and Washington. We funded this transaction using cash on hand and borrowings under our revolving credit facility.
We accounted for this transaction under the acquisition method of accounting and reported the results of operations of Frontier from its date of acquisition. Assets acquired, liabilities assumed, and noncontrolling interests were recorded at their estimated fair values as of the acquisition date. Estimated fair values were based on various valuation methodologies including: replacement cost and continued use methods for property and equipment; an income approach using primarily discounted cash flow techniques for the noncompete and license intangible assets; an income approach utilizing the relief-from-royalty method for the trade name intangible asset; an income approach utilizing the excess earnings method for the certificates of need; and present value of remaining lease payments for leases. The aforementioned income methods utilize management’s estimates of future operating results and cash flows discounted using a weighted average cost of capital that reflects market participant assumptions. For all other assets and liabilities, the fair value was assumed to represent carrying value due to their short maturities. The excess of the fair value of the consideration conveyed over the fair value of the net assets acquired was recorded as goodwill. All goodwill recorded reflects our expectations of favorable growth opportunities in the home health and hospice markets based on positive demographic trends. All of the goodwill recorded as a result of this transaction is deductible for federal income tax purposes.
The fair values recorded were based upon a preliminary valuation. Estimates and assumptions used in
such valuation are subject to change, which could be significant, within the measurement period (up to one year from the acquisition date). We expect to continue to obtain information to assist us in determining the fair value of the net assets acquired at the acquisition date during the measurement period.

9

Encompass Health Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

The preliminary fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date were as follows (in millions):
Cash and cash equivalents$0.8 
Accounts receivable, net0.9 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets0.2 
Property and equipment0.1 
Operating lease right-of-use-assets0.9 
Identifiable intangible assets: 
Noncompete agreement (useful life of 5 years)1.7 
Trade name (useful life of 3 months)0.2 
Certificates of need (useful lives of 10 years)3.1 
Licenses (useful lives of 10 years)4.8 
Goodwill90.1 
Total assets acquired102.8 
Liabilities assumed:
Current operating lease liabilities0.3 
Accounts payable0.2 
Accrued payroll0.8 
Other current liabilities0.7 
Long-term operating lease liabilities0.7 
Total liabilities assumed2.7 
Noncontrolling interests1.6 
Net assets acquired$98.5 
Information regarding the net cash paid for the home health and hospice acquisitions during each period presented is as follows (in millions):
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
Fair value of assets acquired, net of $0.8 million of cash acquired$11.9 $$11.9 $0.1 
Goodwill90.1 90.1 1.0 
Fair value of liabilities assumed(2.7)(2.7)
Fair value of noncontrolling interest owned by joint venture partner(1.6)(1.6)
Net cash paid for acquisitions$97.7 $$97.7 $1.1 

10

Encompass Health Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Pro Forma Results of Operations
The following table summarizes the results of operations of the above mentioned acquisitions from their respective dates of acquisition included in our consolidated results of operations and the unaudited pro forma results of operations of the combined entity had the date of the acquisitions been January 1, 2020 (in millions):
Net Operating RevenuesNet (Loss) Income Attributable to Encompass Health
Acquired entities only: Actual from acquisition date to June 30, 2021
Inpatient Rehabilitation$$
Home Health and Hospice3.2 (0.3)
Combined entity: Supplemental pro forma from 04/01/2021-06/30/20211,295.0 113.8 
Combined entity: Supplemental pro forma from 04/01/2020-06/30/20201,085.2 34.1 
Combined entity: Supplemental pro forma from 01/01/2021-06/30/20212,537.2 221.9 
Combined entity: Supplemental pro forma from 01/01/2020-06/30/20202,278.2 121.7 
The information presented above is for illustrative purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of results that would
have been achieved if the acquisitions had occurred as of the beginning of our 2020 reporting period. See Note 2, Business Combinations, to the consolidated financial statements accompanying the 2020 Form 10‑K for information regarding acquisitions completed in 2020.

11

Encompass Health Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
3.Variable Interest Entities
As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, we consolidated 10 and 9, respectively, limited partnership-like entities that are variable interest entities (“VIEs”) and of which we are the primary beneficiary. Our ownership percentages in these entities range from 50.0% to 90.0% as of June 30, 2021. Through partnership and management agreements with or governing each of these entities, we manage all of these entities and handle all day-to-day operating decisions. Accordingly, we have the decision making power over the activities that most significantly impact the economic performance of our VIEs and an obligation to absorb losses or receive benefits from the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE. These decisions and significant activities include, but are not limited to, marketing efforts, oversight of patient admissions, medical training, nurse and therapist scheduling, provision of healthcare services, billing, collections, and creation and maintenance of medical records. The terms of the agreements governing each of our VIEs prohibit us from using the assets of each VIE to satisfy the obligations of other entities.
The carrying amounts and classifications of the consolidated VIEs’ assets and liabilities, which are included in our condensed consolidated balance sheet, are as follows (in millions):
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Assets 
Current assets: 
Cash and cash equivalents$0.8 $0.1 
Accounts receivable34.1 33.1 
Other current assets10.0 8.6 
Total current assets44.9 41.8 
Property and equipment, net117.4 121.1 
Operating lease right-of-use assets4.4 4.7 
Goodwill29.4 19.2 
Intangible assets, net3.6 3.3 
Other long-term assets31.1 31.1 
Total assets$230.8 $221.2 
Liabilities
Current liabilities:
Current portion of long-term debt$0.9 $0.9 
Current operating lease liabilities1.6 1.5 
Accounts payable6.9 6.1 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities23.3 23.0 
Total current liabilities32.7 31.5 
Long-term debt, net of current portion9.1 9.6 
Long-term operating lease liabilities2.9 3.3 
Other long-term liabilities2.4 2.4 
Total liabilities$47.1 $46.8 

12

Encompass Health Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
4.Long-term Debt
Our long-term debt outstanding consists of the following (in millions):
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Credit Agreement—  
Advances under revolving credit facility$45.0 $
Term loan facilities245.1 251.6 
Bonds payable—
5.125% Senior Notes due 202399.5 298.1 
5.75% Senior Notes due 2025346.6 346.3 
4.50% Senior Notes due 2028785.9 785.0 
4.75% Senior Notes due 2030783.9 783.2 
4.625% Senior Notes due 2031393.4 393.2 
Other notes payable50.2 39.8 
Finance lease obligations422.9 391.7 
3,172.5 3,288.9 
Less: Current portion(66.8)(38.3)
Long-term debt, net of current portion$3,105.7 $3,250.6 
In both April and June 2021, we redeemed $100 million in outstanding principal amount of the 5.125% Senior Notes due 2023 (the “2023 Notes”) using cash on hand and capacity under our revolving credit facility. Pursuant to the terms of the 2023 Notes, these optional redemptions were made at a price of par. As a result of these redemptions, we recorded an aggregate $1.0 million Loss on early extinguishment of debt in the second quarter of 2021.
5.Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests
The following is a summary of the activity related to our Redeemable noncontrolling interests (in millions):
Six Months Ended June 30,
20212020
Balance at beginning of period$31.6 $239.6 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests5.1 3.5 
Distributions declared(4.4)(4.2)
Contribution to joint venture3.1 
Purchase of redeemable noncontrolling interests0.6 (162.3)
Exchange transaction(46.3)
Balance at end of period$32.9 $33.4 
The following table reconciles the net income attributable to nonredeemable Noncontrolling interests, as recorded in the shareholders’ equity section of the condensed consolidated balance sheets, and the net income attributable to Redeemable noncontrolling interests, as recorded in the mezzanine section of the condensed consolidated balance sheets, to the Net and comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests presented in the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income (in millions):
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
Net income attributable to nonredeemable noncontrolling interests$26.0 $13.3 $49.1 $33.0 
Net income attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interests2.7 1.5 5.1 3.5 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests$28.7 $14.8 $54.2 $36.5 

13

Encompass Health Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
On December 31, 2014, we acquired 83.3% of our home health and hospice business when we purchased EHHI Holdings, Inc. (“EHHI”). In the acquisition, we acquired all of the issued and outstanding equity interests of EHHI, other than equity interests contributed to Encompass Health Home Health Holdings, Inc. (“Holdings”), a subsidiary of Encompass Health and an indirect parent of EHHI, by certain sellers in exchange for shares of common stock of Holdings. Those sellers were members of EHHI management, and they contributed a portion of their shares of common stock of EHHI, valued at approximately $64 million on the acquisition date, in exchange for approximately 16.7% of the outstanding shares of common stock of Holdings. At any time after December 31, 2017, each management investor had the right (but not the obligation) to have his or her shares of Holdings stock repurchased by Encompass Health for a cash purchase price per share equal to the fair value. In January 2020, we received exercise notices, representing approximately 4.3% of the outstanding shares of the common stock of Holdings. On February 18, 2020, Encompass Health settled the acquisition of those shares upon payment of approximately $162 million in cash. Upon settlement of these exercises, approximately $46 million of the shares of Holdings held by two management investors remained outstanding.
On February 20, 2020, Encompass Health entered into exchange agreements (each, an “Exchange Agreement”) with these two management investors, pursuant to which they had the right to exchange all of the remaining shares of Holdings held by them for shares of common stock of Encompass Health (the “EHC Shares”). Each of the Exchange Agreements provided that the management investor must deliver a written exchange notice (an “Exchange Notice”) to Encompass Health in order to exchange his or her remaining shares of Holdings for EHC Shares. Each Exchange Agreement further provided that the number of EHC Shares to be delivered to the management investor was to be determined by dividing the fair value of the shares of Holdings held by the management investor on the date of the Exchange Agreement by the last reported sales price of Encompass Health’s common stock on the New York Stock Exchange (the “NYSE”) on the date of delivery of the Exchange Notice.
On February 20, 2020, Encompass Health received an Exchange Notice from each of the management investors. Based on the last sales price of Encompass Health’s common stock on the NYSE on February 20, 2020, Encompass Health delivered an aggregate 560,957 EHC Shares to the management investors. The total number of EHC Shares issued pursuant to the exchange agreements on March 6, 2020 represented less than 0.6% of the outstanding shares of Encompass Health common stock. Encompass Health issued the EHC Shares from its treasury shares. Encompass Health now owns 100% of Holdings and EHHI.
See also Note 6, Fair Value Measurements.
6.Fair Value Measurements
Our financial assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis are as follows (in millions):
  Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date Using
As of June 30, 2021Fair ValueQuoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets
(Level 1)
Significant Other Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
Valuation Technique (1)
Other long-term assets:
Equity securities$79.9 $3.0 $76.9 $M
Redeemable noncontrolling interests32.9 32.9 I
As of December 31, 2020
Other long-term assets:
Equity securities$72.6 $$72.6 $M
Redeemable noncontrolling interests31.6 31.6 I
(1) The three valuation techniques are: market approach (M), cost approach (C), and income approach (I).
There are assets and liabilities that are not required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis. However, these assets may be recorded at fair value as a result of impairment charges or other adjustments made to the carrying value of the applicable assets. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020, we did not record any material gains or losses related to these assets.

14

Encompass Health Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
As discussed in Note 1, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, “Fair Value Measurements,” to the consolidated financial statements accompanying the 2020 Form 10‑K, the carrying value equals fair value for our financial instruments that are not included in the table below and are classified as current in our condensed consolidated balance sheets. The carrying amounts and estimated fair values for all of our other financial instruments are presented in the following table (in millions):
 As of June 30, 2021As of December 31, 2020
 Carrying AmountEstimated Fair ValueCarrying AmountEstimated Fair Value
Long-term debt:    
Advances under revolving credit facility$45.0 $45.0 $$
Term loan facilities245.1 246.4 251.6 253.1 
5.125% Senior Notes due 202399.5 100.3 298.1 302.6 
5.75% Senior Notes due 2025346.6 359.7 346.3 361.4 
4.50% Senior Notes due 2028785.9 831.2 785.0 840.0 
4.75% Senior Notes due 2030783.9 851.0 783.2 856.0 
4.625% Senior Notes due 2031393.4 429.7 393.2 424.9 
Other notes payable50.2 50.2 39.8 39.8 
Financial commitments:
Letters of credit38.0 36.7 
Fair values for our long-term debt and financial commitments are determined using inputs, including quoted prices in nonactive markets, that are observable either directly or indirectly, or Level 2 inputs within the fair value hierarchy. See Note 1, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, “Fair Value Measurements,” to the consolidated financial statements accompanying the 2020 Form 10‑K.
7.Share-Based Payments
During the six months ended June 30, 2021, we issued a total of 0.5 million restricted stock awards to members of our management team and our board of directors. Approximately 0.2 million of these awards contain only a service condition, while the remainder contain both a service and a performance condition. For the awards that include a performance condition, the number of shares that will ultimately be granted to employees may vary based on the Company’s performance during the applicable two year performance measurement period. Additionally, we granted 0.1 million stock options to members of our management team. The fair value of these awards and options was determined using the policies described in Note 1, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, and Note 14, Share-Based Payments, to the consolidated financial statements accompanying the 2020 Form 10‑K.
In conjunction with the EHHI acquisition discussed in Note 5, Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests, we granted stock appreciation rights (“SARs”) based on Holdings common stock to certain members of EHHI management at closing. In January 2020, members of the management team exercised the remaining SARs, and in February 2020, we settled those awards upon payment of approximately $101 million in cash.
For additional information, see Note 14, Share-Based Payments, to the consolidated financial statements accompanying the 2020 Form 10‑K.
8.Income Taxes
Our Provision for income tax expense of $39.5 million and $11.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, primarily resulted from the application of our estimated effective blended federal and state income tax rate. Our Provision for income tax expense of $74.0 million and $38.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, primarily resulted from the application of our estimated effective blended federal and state income tax rate offset by tax benefits resulting from share-based compensation windfalls.

15

Encompass Health Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
9.Earnings per Common Share
The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per common share (in millions, except per share amounts):
 Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
 2021202020212020
Basic:
Numerator:  
Income from continuing operations$142.3 $48.2 $275.1 $157.0 
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests included in continuing operations(28.7)(14.8)(54.2)(36.5)
Less: Income allocated to participating securities(0.5)(1.0)(0.4)
Income from continuing operations attributable to Encompass Health common shareholders113.1 33.4 219.9 120.1 
(Loss) income from discontinued operations, net of tax, attributable to Encompass Health common shareholders(0.3)0.1 (0.3)
Net income attributable to Encompass Health common shareholders$112.8 $33.5 $219.6 $120.1 
Denominator:
Basic weighted average common shares outstanding99.0 98.7 99.0 98.5 
Basic earnings per share attributable to Encompass Health common shareholders:
Continuing operations$1.14 $0.34 $2.22 $1.22 
Discontinued operations
Net income$1.14 $0.34 $2.22 $1.22 
Diluted:
Numerator:
Income from continuing operations$142.3 $48.2 $275.1 $157.0 
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests included in continuing operations(28.7)(14.8)(54.2)(36.5)
Income from continuing operations attributable to Encompass Health common shareholders113.6 33.4 220.9 120.5 
(Loss) income from discontinued operations, net of tax, attributable to Encompass Health common shareholders(0.3)0.1 (0.3)
Net income attributable to Encompass Health common shareholders$113.3 $33.5 $220.6 $120.5 
Denominator:
Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding100.2 99.9 100.2 99.6 
Diluted earnings per share attributable to Encompass Health common shareholders:
Continuing operations$1.13 $0.34 $2.20 $1.21 
Discontinued operations
Net income$1.13 $0.34 $2.20 $1.21 

16

Encompass Health Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
The following table sets forth the reconciliation between basic weighted average common shares outstanding and diluted weighted average common shares outstanding (in millions):
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
Basic weighted average common shares outstanding99.0 98.7 99.0 98.5 
Restricted stock awards, dilutive stock options, and restricted stock units1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 
Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding100.2 99.9 100.2 99.6 
See Note 17, Earnings per Common Share, to the consolidated financial statements accompanying the 2020 Form 10‑K for additional information related to our common stock.
10.Contingencies and Other Commitments
We operate in a highly regulated industry in which healthcare providers are routinely subject to litigation. As a result, various lawsuits, claims, and legal and regulatory proceedings have been and can be expected to be instituted or asserted against us. The resolution of any such lawsuits, claims, or legal and regulatory proceedings could materially and adversely affect our financial position, results of operations, and cash flows in a given period.
Nichols Litigation—
We were named as a defendant in a lawsuit filed March 28, 2003 by several individual stockholders in the Circuit Court of Jefferson County, Alabama, captioned Nichols v. HealthSouth Corp. In July 2019, we entered into settlement agreements with all but one plaintiff and paid those settling plaintiffs an aggregate amount of cash less than $0.1 million. The remaining plaintiff alleged that we, some of our former officers, and our former investment bank engaged in a scheme to overstate and misrepresent our earnings and financial position. The plaintiff sought compensatory and punitive damages. On June 9, 2021, the trial court granted our renewed motion for summary judgment on all of the plaintiff’s claims. The plaintiff did not appeal, so the matter has concluded. The conclusion of this matter did not have any impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
Other Matters—
The False Claims Act allows private citizens, called “relators,” to institute civil proceedings on behalf of the United States alleging violations of the False Claims Act. These lawsuits, also known as “whistleblower” or “qui tam” actions, can involve significant monetary damages, fines, attorneys’ fees and the award of bounties to the relators who successfully prosecute or bring these suits to the government. Qui tam cases are sealed at the time of filing, which means knowledge of the information contained in the complaint typically is limited to the relator, the federal government, and the presiding court. The defendant in a qui tam action may remain unaware of the existence of a sealed complaint for years. While the complaint is under seal, the government reviews the merits of the case and may conduct a broad investigation and seek discovery from the defendant and other parties before deciding whether to intervene in the case and take the lead on litigating the claims. The court lifts the seal when the government makes its decision on whether to intervene. If the government decides not to intervene, the relator may elect to continue to pursue the lawsuit individually on behalf of the government. It is possible that qui tam lawsuits have been filed against us, which suits remain under seal, or that we are unaware of such filings or precluded by existing law or court order from discussing or disclosing the filing of such suits. We may be subject to liability under one or more undisclosed qui tam cases brought pursuant to the False Claims Act.
It is our obligation as a participant in Medicare and other federal healthcare programs to routinely conduct audits and reviews of the accuracy of our billing systems and other regulatory compliance matters. As a result of these reviews, we have made, and will continue to make, disclosures to the United States Department of Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services relating to amounts we suspect represent over-payments from these programs, whether due to inaccurate billing or otherwise. Some of these disclosures have resulted in, or may result in, Encompass Health refunding amounts to Medicare or other federal healthcare programs.

17

Encompass Health Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
11.Segment Reporting
Our internal financial reporting and management structure is focused on the major types of services provided by Encompass Health. We manage our operations using 2 operating segments which are also our reportable segments: (1) inpatient rehabilitation and (2) home health and hospice. These reportable operating segments are consistent with information used by our chief executive officer, who is our chief operating decision maker, to assess performance and allocate resources. The following is a brief description of our reportable segments:
Inpatient Rehabilitation - Our national network of inpatient rehabilitation hospitals stretches across 35 states and Puerto Rico, with a concentration of hospitals in the eastern half of the United States and Texas. As of June 30, 2021, we operate 140 inpatient rehabilitation hospitals. We are the sole owner of 87 of these hospitals. We retain 50.0% to 97.5% ownership in the remaining 53 jointly owned hospitals. In addition, we manage 4 inpatient rehabilitation units through management contracts. We provide specialized rehabilitative treatment on both an inpatient and outpatient basis. Our inpatient rehabilitation hospitals provide a higher level of rehabilitative care to patients who are recovering from conditions such as stroke and other neurological disorders, cardiac and pulmonary conditions, brain and spinal cord injuries, complex orthopedic conditions, and amputations.
Home Health and Hospice - As of June 30, 2021, we provide home health services in 249 locations and hospice services in 94 locations across 34 states with concentrations in the southern half of the United States. In addition, 1 of these home health locations operates as a joint venture which we account for using the equity method of accounting. We are the sole owner of 334 of these locations. We retain 50.0% to 90.0% ownership in the remaining 9 jointly owned locations. Our home health services include a comprehensive range of Medicare-certified home nursing services to adult patients in need of care. These services include, among others, skilled nursing, physical, occupational, and speech therapy, medical social work, and home health aide services. Our hospice services include in-home services to terminally ill patients and their families to address patients’ physical needs, including pain control and symptom management, and to provide emotional and spiritual support.
The accounting policies of our reportable segments are the same as those described in Note 1, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, to the consolidated financial statements accompanying the 2020 Form 10‑K. All revenues for our services are generated through external customers. See Note 1, Basis of Presentation, “Net Operating Revenues,” for the disaggregation of our revenues. No corporate overhead is allocated to either of our reportable segments. Our chief operating decision maker evaluates the performance of our segments and allocates resources to them based on adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (“Segment Adjusted EBITDA”).

18

Encompass Health Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Selected financial information for our reportable segments is as follows (in millions):
Inpatient RehabilitationHome Health and Hospice
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
20212020202120202021202020212020
Net operating revenues$1,001.6 $824.5 $1,961.5 $1,733.7 $286.1 $249.6 $556.6 $522.4 
Operating expenses:
Inpatient rehabilitation:
Salaries and benefits515.9 451.4 1,017.8 933.7 
Other operating expenses147.5 124.3 287.5 259.0 
Supplies44.1 42.0 89.3 81.6 
Occupancy costs15.0 15.4 30.1 30.7 
Home health and hospice:
Cost of service (excluding depreciation and amortization)122.6 136.7 240.7 267.6 
Support and overhead costs103.1 98.3 204.5 198.5 
722.5 633.1 1,424.7 1,305.0 225.7 235.0 445.2 466.1 
Other income(2.3)(3.4)(3.8)(1.8)(1.6)(1.6)
Equity in net income of nonconsolidated affiliates(0.8)(0.6)(1.6)(1.2)(0.2)(0.1)(0.4)(0.3)
Noncontrolling interests28.2 15.1 53.3 35.9 0.5 (0.3)0.9 0.6 
Segment Adjusted EBITDA$254.0 $180.3 $488.9 $395.8 $61.7 $15.0 $112.5 $56.0 
Capital expenditures$120.4 $88.9 $220.2 $172.2 $2.2 $0.6 $3.1 $2.1 
Segment reconciliations (in millions):
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
Total Segment Adjusted EBITDA$315.7 $195.3 $601.4 $451.8 
General and administrative expenses(54.2)(43.0)(92.8)(78.6)
Depreciation and amortization(63.4)(60.7)(125.9)(119.5)
Loss on disposal or impairment of assets(2.9)(3.0)(2.8)(3.1)
Government, class action, and related settlements(2.8)
Loss on early extinguishment of debt(1.0)(1.0)
Interest expense and amortization of debt discounts and fees(41.8)(45.8)(84.6)(89.0)
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests28.7 14.8 54.2 36.5 
Change in fair market value of equity securities0.7 2.4 0.6 (0.1)
Gain on consolidation of joint venture formerly accounted for under the equity method of accounting2.2 
Payroll taxes on SARs exercise(1.5)
Income from continuing operations before income tax expense$181.8 $60.0 $349.1 $195.9 

19

Encompass Health Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Additional detail regarding the revenues of our operating segments by service line follows (in millions):
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
Inpatient rehabilitation:
Inpatient$976.9 $808.0 $1,919.2 $1,698.0 
Outpatient and other24.7 16.5 42.3 35.7 
Total inpatient rehabilitation1,001.6 824.5 1,961.5 1,733.7 
Home health and hospice:
Home health232.3 201.8 452.2 426.6 
Hospice53.8 47.8 104.4 95.8 
Total home health and hospice286.1 249.6 556.6 522.4 
Total net operating revenues$1,287.7 $1,074.1 $2,518.1 $2,256.1 

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Item 2.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) relates to Encompass Health Corporation and its subsidiaries and should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements included under Part I, Item 1, Financial Statements (Unaudited), of this report. In addition, the following MD&A should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020, Part II, Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, Part I, Item 1, Business, and Item 1A, Risk Factors, included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 filed on February 26, 2021 (collectively, the “2020 Form 10‑K”).
This MD&A is designed to provide the reader with information that will assist in understanding our condensed consolidated financial statements, the changes in certain key items in those financial statements from period to period, and the primary factors that accounted for those changes, as well as how certain accounting principles affect our condensed consolidated financial statements. See “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” on page ii of this report for a description of important factors that could cause actual results to differ from expected results. See also Item 1A, Risk Factors, of this report and to the 2020 Form 10‑K.
Executive Overview
Our Business
We are a leading provider of post-acute healthcare services, offering both facility-based and home-based patient care through our network of inpatient rehabilitation hospitals, home health agencies, and hospice agencies. As of June 30, 2021, our national footprint includes 42 states and Puerto Rico. As discussed in this Item, “Segment Results of Operations,” we manage our operations in two operating segments which are also our reportable segments: (1) inpatient rehabilitation and (2) home health and hospice. For additional information about our business, see Item 1, Business, of the 2020 Form 10‑K.
On December 9, 2020, we announced a formal process to explore strategic alternatives for our home health and hospice business. Based on the analysis to date, the Company’s Board of Directors believes a full or partial separation of the home health and hospice business will enhance the long-term success and value of the business. The Company is pursuing a separation transaction by either public or private means.
The onset of the COVID-19 Pandemic (the “pandemic”) in the United States resulted in significant changes to our operating environment. For discussion of the financial and operational impacts we experienced in 2020 as a result of the pandemic, see Item 1, Business, Item 1A, Risk Factors, and Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, “Results of Operations” and “Segment Results of Operations” of the 2020 Form 10-K. For discussion of the financial and operational impacts we are experiencing in 2021 as a result of the pandemic, see “Key Challenges” below and the “Results of Operations” and “Segment Results of Operations” sections of this Item.
Inpatient Rehabilitation
We are the nation’s largest owner and operator of inpatient rehabilitation hospitals in terms of patients treated, revenues, and number of hospitals. We provide specialized rehabilitative treatment on predominantly an inpatient basis. We operate hospitals in 35 states and Puerto Rico, with concentrations in the eastern half of the United States and Texas. As of June 30, 2021, we operate 140 inpatient rehabilitation hospitals and manage four inpatient rehabilitation units through management contracts. Our inpatient rehabilitation segment represents approximately 78% of our Net operating revenues for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021.
Home Health and Hospice
Our home health business is the nation’s fourth largest provider of Medicare-certified skilled home health services in terms of revenues. Our home health services include a comprehensive range of Medicare-certified home nursing services to adult patients in need of care. Our hospice business is the nation’s eighth largest provider of Medicare-certified hospice services in terms of revenues. We provide hospice services to terminally ill patients and their families that address patients’ physical needs, including pain control and symptom management, and to provide emotional and spiritual support. As of June 30, 2021, we provide home health services in 249 locations and provide hospice services in 94 locations across 34 states, with concentrations in the southern half of the United States. In addition, one of these home health locations operates as a joint venture that we account for using the equity method of accounting. Our home health and hospice segment represents approximately 22% of our Net operating revenues for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021.

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2021 Overview
During the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, Net operating revenues increased 19.9% and 11.6%, respectively, over the same periods of 2020 due primarily to increased volumes and favorable pricing in both segments. See “Results of Operations” and the “Segment Results of Operations” sections of this Item for additional volume and pricing information.
We have continued our development and expansion efforts in 2021. In our inpatient rehabilitation segment we:
began operating our new 40-bed inpatient rehabilitation hospital in San Angelo, Texas with our joint venture partner Shannon Health in March 2021;
began operating our new 50-bed inpatient rehabilitation hospital in North Tampa, Florida in April 2021;
began operating our new 50-bed inpatient rehabilitation hospital in Cumming, Georgia in June 2021;
continued our capacity expansions by adding 56 new beds to existing hospitals; and
announced or continued the development of the following hospitals:
Number of New Beds
 2021202220232024
De novos:
Stockbridge, Georgia50
Greenville, South Carolina40
Pensacola, Florida40
Shreveport, Louisiana40
Waco, Texas40
Libertyville, Illinois60
St. Augustine, Florida40
Lakeland, Florida50
Clermont, Florida50
Naples, Florida50
Cape Coral, Florida40
Jacksonville, Florida50
Bowie, Maryland60
Kissimmee, Florida50
Prosper, Texas40
Fort Mill, South Carolina39
Fitchburg, Wisconsin*
40
Palm Beach Gardens, Florida*
50
Lake Worth, Florida*
50
Joint ventures:
Shiloh, Illinois40
Moline, Illinois40
Owasso, Oklahoma40
Grand Forks, North Dakota40
Eau Claire, Wisconsin36
Knoxville, Tennessee73
Columbus, Georgia**
40
Atlanta, Georgia**
40
*Announced in July 2021
**Piedmont Healthcare, our joint venture partner in these hospitals, assumed 50% ownership in our existing hospital in Newnan, Georgia during the second quarter of 2021.

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We also continued our expansion efforts in our home health and hospice segment. On June 1, 2021, we completed the acquisition of the home health and hospice assets of Frontier Home Health and Hospice (“Frontier”) in Alaska, Colorado, Montana, Washington, and Wyoming for a cash purchase price of approximately $99 million. The Frontier acquisition included the purchase of a 50% equity interest in the Heart of the Rockies Home Health joint venture and a 90% equity interest in the Hospice of Southwest Montana joint venture (inclusive of an additional 40% equity interest purchased for approximately $4 million). On the acquisition date, nine home health and eleven hospice locations became part of our national network of home health and hospice locations. This acquisition was made to expand our existing presence in Colorado and Wyoming and extend our services to Alaska, Montana and Washington. We funded this transaction using cash on hand and borrowings under our revolving credit facility. For additional information regarding this transaction, see Note 2, Business Combinations, to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements. In addition to the Frontier acquisition, we began accepting patients at our new hospice location in Las Cruces, New Mexico.
We continued our shareholder distributions during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 by paying a quarterly cash dividend of $0.28 per share on our common stock in January, April, and July. On July 20, 2021, our board of directors declared a cash dividend of $0.28 per share, payable on October 15, 2021 to stockholders of record on October 1, 2021. For additional information see the “Liquidity and Capital Resources” section of this Item.
Business Outlook
Notwithstanding the current impacts from the pandemic, we remain optimistic regarding the intermediate and long-term prospects for our business. Demographic trends, such as population aging, should continue to increase long-term demand for the services we provide. While we treat patients of all ages, most of our patients are 65 and older, and the number of Medicare enrollees is expected to grow approximately 3% per year for the foreseeable future. Even more specifically, the average age of our patients is approximately 76, and the population group ranging in ages from 75 to 79 is expected to grow at approximately 5% per year through 2026. We believe the demand for the services we provide will continue to increase as the U.S. population ages. We believe these factors align with our strengths in, and focus on, post-acute services. In addition, we believe we can address the demand for facility-based and home-based post-acute care services in markets where we currently do not have a presence by constructing or acquiring new hospitals and by acquiring or opening home health and hospice agencies in those fragmented industries.
We are a leading provider of post-acute healthcare services, offering both facility-based and home-based patient care through our network of inpatient rehabilitation hospitals, home health agencies, and hospice agencies. We are committed to delivering high-quality, cost-effective, integrated patient care. As the nation’s largest owner and operator of inpatient rehabilitation hospitals in terms of patients treated, revenues, and number of hospitals, we believe we differentiate ourselves from our competitors based on the quality of our clinical outcomes, our cost-effectiveness, our financial strength, and our extensive application of technology. As the fourth largest provider of Medicare-certified skilled home health services in terms of revenues, we believe we differentiate ourselves from our competitors by the application of a highly integrated technology platform, our ability to manage a variety of care pathways, and a proven track record of consummating and integrating acquisitions.
Although the healthcare industry is currently engaged in addressing the healthcare crisis caused by the pandemic, the industry also faces the prospect of ongoing efforts to transform the healthcare system to coordinated care delivery and payment models. The nature, timing and extent of that transformation remains uncertain, as the development and implementation of new care delivery and payment systems will require significant time and resources. Our short-term goal is to serve our communities and provide the best care possible during the pandemic. Our long-term goal is to position the Company in a prudent manner to be responsive to industry shifts. We have invested in our core business and created an infrastructure that enables us to provide high-quality care on a cost-effective basis. We have been disciplined in creating a capital structure that is flexible with no significant debt maturities prior to 2023. We continue to have a strong, well-capitalized balance sheet, including a substantial portfolio of owned real estate and significant availability under our revolving credit facility. For these and other reasons, we believe we will be able to adapt to changes in reimbursement, sustain our business model, and grow through acquisition and consolidation opportunities as they arise. See also Item 1, Business, “Competitive Strengths” and “Strategy and 2021 Strategic Priorities” of the 2020 Form 10‑K.
Key Challenges
Healthcare is a highly regulated industry facing many well-publicized regulatory and reimbursement challenges. The Medicare reimbursement systems for both inpatient rehabilitation and home health have recently undergone significant changes. The future of many aspects of healthcare regulation remains uncertain. Successful healthcare providers are those able to adapt to changes in the regulatory and operating environments, build strategic relationships, and consistently provide high-quality, cost-effective care. We believe we have the necessary capabilities — change agility, strategic relationships, quality of patient outcomes, cost effectiveness, and ability to capitalize on growth opportunities — to adapt to and succeed in a dynamic, highly regulated industry, and we have a proven track record of doing so. For a detailed discussion of the challenges we face, see

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Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, “Executive Overview—Key Challenges” of the 2020 Form 10‑K.
As we continue to execute our business plan, the following are some of the challenges we face.
Operating in a Highly Regulated Industry. We are required to comply with extensive and complex laws and regulations at the federal, state, and local government levels. More specifically, because Medicare comprises a significant portion of our Net operating revenues, failure to comply with the laws and regulations governing the Medicare program and related matters could materially and adversely affect us. These rules and regulations have affected, or could in the future affect, our business activities by having an impact on the reimbursement we receive for services provided or the costs of compliance, mandating new documentation standards, requiring additional licensure or certification, regulating our relationships with physicians and other referral sources, regulating the use of our properties, and limiting our ability to enter new markets or add new capacity to existing hospitals and agencies. Ensuring continuous compliance with extensive laws and regulations is an operating requirement for all healthcare providers. See Item 1, Business, “Regulation,” Item 1A, Risk Factors, and Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, “Executive Overview—Key Challenges,” of the 2020 Form 10‑K for detailed discussions of the most important regulations we face and our programs intended to ensure we comply with those regulations.
Changes to Our Operating Environment Resulting from the pandemic. In response to the public health emergency associated with the pandemic, Congress and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (“CMS”) adopted several statutory and regulatory measures intended to provide relief to healthcare providers in order to ensure patients would continue to have adequate access to care. On March 27, 2020, former President Trump signed into law the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act of 2020 (the “CARES Act”), which suspended sequestration, an automatic 2% reduction of Medicare program payments for all healthcare providers, under the Budget Control Act of 2011 (the “2011 BCA”) for the period of May 1 through December 31, 2020. On December 27, 2020, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021 (the “2021 Budget Act”) extended the sequestration suspension through March 31, 2021. On April 14, 2021, Congress further extended the sequestration suspension period through December 31, 2021. During the six months ended June 30, 2021, the sequestration suspension provided additional revenues in our inpatient rehabilitation segment and home health and hospice segment of $30.7 million and $10.0 million, respectively. For additional discussion, see the “Results of Operations” and “Segment Results of Operations” sections of this Item. The CARES Act, the 2021 Budget Act, and CMS regulatory actions include a number of other provisions affecting our reimbursement and operations in both segments. These provisions are discussed in Item 1, Business, “Sources of Revenue,” Item 1A, Risk Factors, and Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, “Results of Operations” of the 2020 Form 10-K.
Changes to Our Operating Environment Resulting from Federal Regulatory and Legislative Actions. On July 29, 2021, CMS released its Notice of Final Rulemaking for Fiscal Year 2022 for inpatient rehabilitation facilities under the inpatient rehabilitation facility prospective payment system (the “2022 Final IRF Rule”). The 2022 Final IRF Rule will implement a net 1.9% market basket increase (market basket update of 2.6% reduced by a productivity adjustment of 0.7%) effective for discharges between October 1, 2021 and September 30, 2022. The 2022 Final IRF Rule also includes changes that impact our hospital-by-hospital base rate for Medicare reimbursement. Such changes include, but are not limited to, revisions to the wage index and labor-related share values, updates to outlier payments and updates to the case-mix group relative weights and average lengths of stay values. The 2022 Final IRF Rule will also add one new quality reporting measure and update the denominator of another measure. Based on our analysis, which utilizes, among other things, the acuity of our patients annualized over a six-month period ended June 30, 2021, our experience with outlier payments over this same time frame, and other factors, we believe the 2022 Final IRF Rule will result in a net increase to our Medicare payment rates of approximately 1.9% effective October 1, 2021.

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On June 28, 2021, CMS released its Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Calendar Year 2022 for home health agencies under the home health prospective payment system (the “2022 Proposed HH Rule”). The 2022 Proposed HH Rule would, among others, implement a net 1.7% market basket increase (market basket update of 2.4% reduced by 0.6% for a productivity adjustment and 0.1% for the phase-out of the rural payment add-on factor), update the case-mix weights and fixed dollar loss ratio for outlier payments, and include a low utilization payment adjustment (“LUPA”) add-on factor for the first skilled occupational therapy visit in LUPA periods. CMS did not propose to modify the current behavioral adjustment in CY 2022 while they continue to analyze home health payments to ensure budget neutrality under the new Patient-Driven Groupings Model (“PDGM”) payment system. CMS provided preliminary analysis indicating that an additional approximate 6% budget neutrality adjustment may be necessary in future years although stating that they believe that claims data could be affected by the pandemic and home health agencies adjusting to the new PDGM payment system that was effective in 2020. The 2022 Proposed HH Rule also would expand the Home Health Value-Based Purchasing (“HHVBP”) Model, beginning January 1, 2022, to all Medicare-certified home health agencies in the 50 States, territories, and District of Columbia (with a maximum payment adjustment, upward or downward of 5%). This rulemaking also proposes to end the original HHVBP Model one year early for the home health agencies in the nine original Model States. Based on our preliminary analysis, which utilizes, among other things, our patient mix annualized over a six-month period ended June 30, 2021, our specific geographic coverage area, and other factors, we believe the 2022 Proposed HH Rule will result in a net increase to our Medicare payment rates of approximately 2.2% to 2.7% effective for 30-day payment periods ending on or after January 1, 2022. Our review of the 2022 Proposed HH Rule is ongoing.
On July 16, 2021, CMS announced the full implementation of the home health Review Choice Demonstration will begin effective September 1, 2021 in North Carolina and Florida. CMS will discontinue exercising the existing phased-in approach for these two states.
As discussed above, the suspension of Medicare sequestration under the 2011 BCA is currently set to end December 31, 2021, which would result in an approximate 2% reduction in Medicare reimbursement otherwise due in 2022. Additional Medicare payment reductions are also possible under the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010 (“Statutory PAYGO”). Statutory PAYGO requires, among other things, that mandatory spending and revenue legislation not increase the federal budget deficit over a 5- or 10-year period. If the Office of Management and Budget (the “OMB”) finds there is a deficit, Statutory PAYGO requires OMB to order sequestration of Medicare. The Congressional Budget Office has estimated that the COVID-19 relief package enacted in March 2021, the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021, would result in a 4% reduction in fiscal year 2022 Medicare spending under Statutory PAYGO unless Congress acts to waive or otherwise avoid this sequestration.
Maintaining Strong Volume Growth. In addition to the factors described in our 2020 Form 10‑K, we believe a number of conditions related to the pandemic negatively impacted volumes so far in 2021 in both segments. While we continue to see our volumes recover, as discussed in the “Results of Operations” and “Segment Results of Operations” sections of this Item, a current or future resurgence of COVID-19 infections could cause disruptions to our volume growth.
Recruiting and Retaining High-Quality Personnel. See Item 1A, Risk Factors, of the 2020 Form 10‑K for a discussion of competition for staffing, shortages of qualified personnel, and other factors that may increase our labor costs and constrain our ability to take new patients. Additionally, our operations have been affected and may in the future be affected by staffing shortages where employees must self-quarantine due to exposure to COVID-19 or where employees are unavailable due to a lack of childcare or care for elderly family.
We remain confident in the prospects of our business based on the increasing demands for the services we provide to an aging population. This confidence is further supported by our strong financial foundation and the substantial investments we have made in our businesses. We have a proven track record of working through difficult situations, and we believe in our ability to overcome current and future challenges.

25


Results of Operations
Payor Mix
We derived consolidated Net operating revenues from the following payor sources:
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
 2021202020212020
Medicare68.6 %65.8 %68.6 %69.8 %
Medicare Advantage14.3 %18.2 %14.7 %14.9 %
Managed care10.2 %9.3 %10.2 %8.9 %
Medicaid3.6 %3.6 %3.5 %3.3 %
Other third-party payors0.9 %0.9 %0.9 %0.9 %
Workers’ compensation0.4 %0.4 %0.4 %0.5 %
Patients0.4 %0.4 %0.4 %0.5 %
Other income1.6 %1.4 %1.3 %1.2 %
Total100.0 %100.0 %100.0 %100.0 %
For information regarding our payors by segment, see the “Segment Results of Operations” section of this Item. For additional information regarding our payors, see the “Sources of Revenues” section of Item 1, Business, of the 2020 Form 10‑K.

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Our Results
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, our consolidated results of operations were as follows:
 Three Months Ended June 30,Percentage ChangeSix Months Ended June 30,Percentage Change
 202120202021 vs. 2020202120202021 vs. 2020
 (In Millions, Except Percentage Change)
Net operating revenues$1,287.7 $1,074.1 19.9 %$2,518.1 $2,256.1 11.6 %
Operating expenses:      
Salaries and benefits708.2 651.9 8.6 %1,395.4 1,331.0 4.8 %
Other operating expenses172.7 148.3 16.5 %335.0 307.9 8.8 %
Occupancy costs20.2 20.3 (0.5)%40.4 40.5 (0.2)%
Supplies50.0 50.6 (1.2)%101.9 96.3 5.8 %
General and administrative expenses54.2 43.0 26.0 %92.8 78.6 18.1 %
Depreciation and amortization63.4 60.7 4.4 %125.9 119.5 5.4 %
Government, class action, and related settlements— — — %— 2.8 (100.0)%
Total operating expenses1,068.7 974.8 9.6 %2,091.4 1,976.6 5.8 %
Loss on early extinguishment of debt1.0 — N/A1.0 — N/A
Interest expense and amortization of debt discounts and fees41.8 45.8 (8.7)%84.6 89.0 (4.9)%
Other income(4.6)(5.8)(20.7)%(6.0)(3.9)53.8 %
Equity in net income of nonconsolidated affiliates(1.0)(0.7)42.9 %(2.0)(1.5)33.3 %
Income from continuing operations before income tax expense181.8 60.0 203.0 %349.1 195.9 78.2 %
Provision for income tax expense39.5 11.8 234.7 %74.0 38.9 90.2 %
Income from continuing operations142.3 48.2 195.2 %275.1 157.0 75.2 %
(Loss) income from discontinued operations, net of tax(0.3)0.1 (400.0)%(0.3)— N/A
Net income142.0 48.3 194.0 %274.8 157.0 75.0 %
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests(28.7)(14.8)93.9 %(54.2)(36.5)48.5 %
Net income attributable to Encompass Health$113.3 $33.5 238.2 %$220.6 $120.5 83.1 %
Operating Expenses as a % of Net Operating Revenues
 Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
 2021202020212020
Operating expenses:
Salaries and benefits55.0 %60.7 %55.4 %59.0 %
Other operating expenses13.4 %13.8 %13.3 %13.6 %
Occupancy costs1.6 %1.9 %1.6 %1.8 %
Supplies3.9 %4.7 %4.0 %4.3 %
General and administrative expenses4.2 %4.0 %3.7 %3.5 %
Depreciation and amortization4.9 %5.7 %5.0 %5.3 %
Government, class action, and related settlements— %— %— %0.1 %
Total operating expenses83.0 %90.8 %83.1 %87.6 %

27


In the discussion that follows, we use “same-store” comparisons to explain the changes in certain performance metrics and line items within our financial statements. We calculate same-store comparisons based on hospitals and home health and hospice locations open throughout both the full current periods and prior periods presented. These comparisons include the financial results of market consolidation transactions in existing markets, as it is difficult to determine, with precision, the incremental impact of these transactions on our results of operations.
Net Operating Revenues
Our consolidated Net operating revenues increased during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same periods of 2020 primarily due to increased volumes as we anniversaried the most significant impact of the pandemic during the three months ended June 30, 2020. Pricing was also favorable in both segments and included reimbursement rate increases and the suspension of sequestration for both segments. See additional discussion in the “Segment Results of Operations” section of this Item.
Beginning in mid-March 2020, we experienced decreased volumes in both segments which we believe resulted from a number of conditions related to the pandemic including: lower acute-care hospital censuses due to the deferral of elective surgeries and shelter-in-place orders, restrictive visitation policies in place at acute-care hospitals that severely limit access to patients and caregivers by our clinical rehabilitation liaisons and care transition coordinators, lock down of assisted living facilities, and heightened anxiety among patients and their family members regarding the risk of exposure to COVID-19 during acute-care and post-acute care treatment. Volumes in both segments reached a low point during the second quarter of 2020. For a discussion on current year-over-year volume growth, see the “Segment Results of Operations” section of this Item.
Salaries and Benefits
Salaries and benefits increased during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same periods of 2020 primarily due to salary and benefit cost increases for our employees and the ramping up of new stores partially offset by the home health and hospice clinician compensation model changes implemented in May 2020 and improved clinician labor management in both segments.
Salaries and benefits as a percent of Net operating revenues decreased during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same periods of 2020 primarily due to the increase in Net operating revenues as discussed above, improved labor management which contributed to lower employees per occupied bed (as defined in “Segment Results of Operations” of this Item), the additional paid-time-off awarded to employees in the second quarter of 2020 as discussed below, and the home health and hospice clinician compensation model changes implemented in May 2020. See additional discussion in the “Segment Results of Operations” section of this Item.
In April 2020, we implemented a program for eligible frontline employees to earn additional paid-time-off in recognition of their outstanding efforts responding to the pandemic. We accrued approximately $43 million in salary and benefits expense in the second quarter of 2020 in connection with this award (approximately $29 million in the inpatient rehabilitation segment; approximately $14 million in the home health and hospice segment).
Other Operating Expenses
As a percent of Net operating revenues, Other operating expenses decreased during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same periods of 2020 primarily due to the increase in Net operating revenues as discussed above.
Supplies
Supplies decreased as a percent of revenue during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same periods of 2020 primarily due to lower utilization and cost of medical supplies resulting from the anniversary of the impact of the pandemic.
General and Administrative Expenses
General and administrative expenses increased in terms of dollars and as a percent of revenue during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same periods of 2020 primarily due to the costs associated with the strategic alternatives review for the home health and hospice business in 2021 and higher costs associated with incentive compensation. See the “Executive Overview” section of this Item, for additional information on the strategic alternatives review.

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Depreciation and Amortization
Depreciation and amortization increased during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same periods of 2020 due to our capital investments. We expect Depreciation and amortization to increase going forward as a result of our recent and ongoing capital investments.
Income from Continuing Operations Before Income Tax Expense
Our pre-tax income from continuing operations increased during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same periods of 2020 primarily due to the increase in Net operating revenues as discussed above.
Provision for Income Tax Expense
Our Provision for income tax expense increased during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same periods of 2020 primarily due to higher Income from continuing operations before income tax expense.
We currently estimate our cash payments for income taxes to be approximately $100 million to $130 million, net of refunds, for 2021. These payments are expected to primarily result from federal and state income tax expenses based on estimates of taxable income for 2021.
In certain jurisdictions, we do not expect to generate sufficient income to use all of the available state net operating losses and other credits prior to their expiration. This determination is based on our evaluation of all available evidence in these jurisdictions including results of operations during the preceding three years, our forecast of future earnings, and prudent tax planning strategies. It is possible we may be required to increase or decrease our valuation allowance at some future time if our forecast of future earnings varies from actual results on a consolidated basis or in the applicable tax jurisdiction, if the timing of future tax deductions differs from our expectations, or pursuant to changes in state tax laws and rates.
We recognize the financial statement effects of uncertain tax positions when it is more likely than not, based on the technical merits, a position will be sustained upon examination by and resolution with the taxing authorities. Total remaining unrecognized tax benefits were $0.2 million as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
See Note 8, Income Taxes, to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1, Financial Statements (Unaudited), of this report and Note 16, Income Taxes, to the consolidated financial statements accompanying the 2020 Form 10‑K.
Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests
The increase in Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same periods of 2020 resulted from increased volumes due to the impact of the pandemic on 2020.

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Segment Results of Operations
Our internal financial reporting and management structure is focused on the major types of services provided by Encompass Health. We manage our operations using two operating segments which are also our reportable segments: (1) inpatient rehabilitation and (2) home health and hospice. For additional information regarding our business segments, including a detailed description of the services we provide, financial data for each segment, and a reconciliation of total segment Adjusted EBITDA to income from continuing operations before income tax expense, see Note 11, Segment Reporting, to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1, Financial Statements (Unaudited), of this report.
Inpatient Rehabilitation
Our inpatient rehabilitation segment derived its Net operating revenues from the following payor sources:
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
 2021202020212020
Medicare65.0 %61.1 %64.4 %66.0 %
Medicare Advantage15.3 %20.1 %15.9 %16.0 %
Managed care11.5 %10.7 %11.6 %10.3 %
Medicaid4.2 %4.2 %4.1 %3.8 %
Other third-party payors1.1 %1.1 %1.2 %1.2 %
Workers’ compensation0.5 %0.5 %0.6 %0.6 %
Patients0.4 %0.5 %0.5 %0.6 %
Other income2.0 %1.8 %1.7 %1.5 %
Total100.0 %100.0 %100.0 %100.0 %
Medicare as a percentage of revenue increased during the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period of 2020 primarily due to the impact of the pandemic on the three months ended June 30, 2020. Medicare Advantage as a percentage of revenue decreased during the three months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period of 2020 primarily due to the suspension of pre-authorization requirements during the three months ended June 30, 2020, which were subsequently reinstated.

30


Additional information regarding our inpatient rehabilitation segment’s operating results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 is as follows:
Three Months Ended June 30,Percentage ChangeSix Months Ended June 30,Percentage Change
202120202021 vs. 2020202120202021 vs. 2020
(In Millions, Except Percentage Change)
Net operating revenues:
Inpatient$976.9 $808.0 20.9 %$1,919.2 $1,698.0 13.0 %
Outpatient and other24.7 16.5 49.7 %42.3 35.7 18.5 %
Inpatient rehabilitation segment revenues1,001.6 824.5 21.5 %1,961.5 1,733.7 13.1 %
Operating expenses:
Salaries and benefits515.9 451.4 14.3 %1,017.8 933.7 9.0 %
Other operating expenses147.5 124.3 18.7 %287.5 259.0 11.0 %
Supplies44.1 42.0 5.0 %89.3 81.6 9.4 %
Occupancy costs15.0 15.4 (2.6)%30.1 30.7 (2.0)%
Other income(2.3)(3.4)(32.4)%(3.8)(1.8)111.1 %
Equity in net income of nonconsolidated affiliates(0.8)(0.6)33.3 %(1.6)(1.2)33.3 %
Noncontrolling interests28.2 15.1 86.8 %53.3 35.9 48.5 %
Segment Adjusted EBITDA$254.0 $180.3 40.9 %$488.9 $395.8 23.5 %
(Actual Amounts)
Discharges49,492 41,682 18.7 %96,679 89,432 8.1 %
Net patient revenue per discharge$19,739 $19,385 1.8 %$19,851 $18,986 4.6 %
Outpatient visits44,020 15,760 179.3 %84,214 85,503 (1.5)%
Average length of stay (days)12.7 13.2 (3.8)%12.8 12.9 (0.8)%
Occupancy %71.1 %64.5 %10.2 %70.7 %67.6 %4.6 %
# of licensed beds9,701 9,401 3.2 %9,701 9,401 3.2 %
Full-time equivalents*22,535 20,809 8.3 %22,459 21,564 4.2 %
Employees per occupied bed3.31 3.45 (4.1)%3.31 3.41 (2.9)%
*    Full-time equivalents included in the above table represent our employees who participate in or support the operations of our hospitals and exclude an estimate of full-time equivalents related to contract labor.
We actively manage the productive portion of our Salaries and benefits utilizing certain metrics, including employees per occupied bed, or “EPOB.” This metric is determined by dividing the number of full-time equivalents, including an estimate of full-time equivalents from the utilization of contract labor, by the number of occupied beds during each period. The number of occupied beds is determined by multiplying the number of licensed beds by our occupancy percentage.
Operating Expenses as a % of Net Operating Revenues
 Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
 2021202020212020
Operating expenses:
Salaries and benefits51.5 %54.7 %51.9 %53.9 %
Other operating expenses14.7 %15.1 %14.7 %14.9 %
Supplies4.4 %5.1 %4.6 %4.7 %
Occupancy costs1.5 %1.9 %1.5 %1.8 %
Total operating expenses72.1 %76.8 %72.6 %75.3 %

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Net Operating Revenues
Inpatient revenue increased during the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same period of 2020 primarily due to increased volumes and favorable pricing. New-store discharge growth of 1.8% resulted from our joint ventures in Coralville, Iowa (June 2020) and San Angelo, Texas (March 2021), as well as wholly owned hospitals in, Sioux Falls, South Dakota (June 2020), Toledo, Ohio (November 2020), North Tampa, Florida (April 2021) and Cumming, Georgia (June 2021). Same-store discharges increased 16.9% during the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same period of 2020. Discharges during the three months ended June 30, 2020 were negatively impacted by the pandemic. Growth in net patient revenue per discharge during the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same period of 2020 primarily resulted from an increase in reimbursement rates, the suspension of sequestration, improvement in discharge destination and prior period cost report adjustments partially offset by the timing of discharges between quarters. Growth in revenues, discharges, and net patient revenue per discharge for the six months ended June 30, 2021 were impacted primarily by the same factors as discussed above for the second quarter of 2021. Growth in net patient revenue per discharge for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same period of 2020 also resulted from a higher acuity patient mix.
For information regarding the joint ventures discussed above, see Note 2, Business Combinations, to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1, Financial Statements (Unaudited), of this report and Note 2, Business Combinations, to the consolidated financial statements accompanying the 2020 Form 10‑K.
Adjusted EBITDA
The increase in Adjusted EBITDA during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same periods of 2020 primarily resulted from the increase in net patient revenue as discussed above. Salaries and benefits as a percent of revenues decreased during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same periods of 2020 primarily due to revenue growth, improved labor management which contributed to lower employees per occupied bed, and the additional paid-time-off awarded to employees in the second quarter of 2020 in response to the pandemic as discussed above. Supplies as a percent of revenues decreased during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same periods of 2020 primarily due to lower utilization and cost of medical supplies resulting from the anniversary of the impact of the pandemic. Medical supply costs per patient day continue to be higher than pre-pandemic levels.
Home Health and Hospice
Our home health and hospice segment derived its Net operating revenues from the following payor sources:
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
 2021202020212020
Medicare82.0 %81.8 %82.4 %82.4 %
Medicare Advantage10.5 %11.7 %10.4 %11.2 %
Managed care5.8 %4.6 %5.6 %4.5 %
Medicaid1.5 %1.6 %1.4 %1.6 %
Workers’ compensation— %0.1 %— %0.1 %
Patients0.1 %0.1 %0.1 %0.1 %
Other income0.1 %0.1 %0.1 %0.1 %
Total100.0 %100.0 %100.0 %100.0 %

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Additional information regarding our home health and hospice segment’s operating results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 is as follows:
Three Months Ended June 30,Percentage ChangeSix Months Ended June 30,Percentage Change
202120202021 vs. 2020202120202021 vs. 2020
(In Millions, Except Percentage Change)
Net operating revenues:
Home health$232.3 $201.8 15.1 %$452.2 $426.6 6.0 %
Hospice53.8 47.8 12.6 %104.4 95.8 9.0 %
Home health and hospice segment revenues286.1 249.6 14.6 %556.6 522.4 6.5 %
Operating expenses:
Cost of services (excluding depreciation and amortization)122.6 136.7 (10.3)%240.7 267.6 (10.1)%
Support and overhead costs103.1 98.3 4.9 %204.5 198.5 3.0 %
Other income(1.6)— N/A(1.6)— N/A
Equity in net income of nonconsolidated affiliates(0.2)(0.1)100.0 %(0.4)(0.3)33.3 %
Noncontrolling interests0.5 (0.3)(266.7)%0.9 0.6 50.0 %
Segment Adjusted EBITDA$61.7 $15.0 311.3 %$112.5 $56.0 100.9 %
(Actual Amounts)
Home health:
Total admissions50,598 44,124 14.7 %101,397 96,878 4.7 %
Episodic admissions39,657 34,841 13.8 %79,872 77,317 3.3 %
Total recertifications33,794 31,952 5.8 %65,696 61,415 7.0 %
Episodic recertifications28,296 28,328 (0.1)%56,379 54,881 2.7 %
Episodes67,839 60,154 12.8 %134,274 128,806 4.2 %
Total starts of care84,392 76,076 10.9 %167,093 158,293 5.6 %
Revenue per episode$2,968 $2,920 1.6 %$2,946 $2,914 1.1 %
Episodic visits per episode15.6 17.4 (10.3)%15.7 16.9 (7.1)%
Total visits1,297,350 1,250,546 3.7 %2,536,423 2,556,776 (0.8)%
Cost per visit$76 $89 (14.6)%$76 $85 (10.6)%
Hospice:
Admissions3,298 3,190 3.4 %6,628 6,176 7.3 %
Patient days351,878 336,507 4.6 %686,278 671,052 2.3 %
Average daily census3,867 3,698 4.6 %3,792 3,687 2.8 %
Revenue per day$153 $142 7.7 %$152 $143 6.3 %

Operating Expenses as a % of Net Operating Revenues
 Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
 2021202020212020
Operating expenses:
Cost of services (excluding depreciation and amortization)42.9 %54.8 %43.2 %51.2 %
Support and overhead costs36.0 %39.4 %36.7 %38.0 %
Total operating expenses78.9 %94.2 %80.0 %89.2 %

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Net Operating Revenues
Total starts of care (total admissions plus total recertifications) were up 10.9% during the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same period of 2020 primarily due to the continued recovery of volumes post pandemic and increased non-episodic admissions and recertifications as a result of the new national contract with United Healthcare. Volume growth was achieved during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same periods of 2020 in spite of continued lower occupancy at skilled nursing and senior living facilities, as well as staffing challenges in certain markets.
The increase in revenue per episode during the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same period of 2020 resulted from an increase in reimbursement rates, as the timing of completed episodes offset the benefit of the suspension of sequestration. The increase in revenue per episode during the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same period of 2020 resulted from an increase in reimbursement rates and the suspension of sequestration partially offset by the impact of the timing of completed episodes.
Growth in hospice admissions during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same periods of 2020 resulted from the acquisition of Frontier in June 2021. For additional information see Note 2, Business Combinations, to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1, Financial Statements (Unaudited), of this report.
Adjusted EBITDA
The increase in Adjusted EBITDA during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same periods of 2020 resulted from a decrease in Cost of services as a percent of revenue. Cost of services decreased as a percent of revenues for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same periods of 2020 primarily due to lower cost per visit supported by the clinician compensation model changes implemented in May 2020, as well as effective management of overall productivity of full-time staff. Adjusted EBITDA during the three months ended June 30, 2020 included the additional paid-time-off awarded to employees in response to the pandemic as discussed above.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Our primary sources of liquidity are cash on hand, cash flows from operations, and borrowings under our revolving credit facility.
The objectives of our capital structure strategy are to ensure we maintain adequate liquidity and flexibility. Pursuing and achieving those objectives allow us to support the execution of our operating and strategic plans and weather temporary disruptions in the capital markets and general business environment. Maintaining adequate liquidity is a function of our unrestricted Cash and cash equivalents and our available borrowing capacity. Maintaining flexibility in our capital structure is a function of, among other things, the amount of debt maturities in any given year, the options for debt prepayments without onerous penalties, and limiting restrictive terms and maintenance covenants in our debt agreements.
Consistent with these objectives, in both April and June 2021, we redeemed $100 million in outstanding principal amount of the 5.125% Senior Notes due 2023 (the “2023 Notes”) using cash on hand and capacity under our revolving credit facility. Pursuant to the terms of the 2023 Notes, these optional redemptions were made at a price of par. As a result of these redemptions, we recorded an aggregate $1.0 million Loss on early extinguishment of debt in the second quarter of 2021.
We have been disciplined in creating a capital structure that is flexible with no significant debt maturities prior to 2023. We continue to have a strong, well-capitalized balance sheet, including a substantial portfolio of owned real estate, and we have significant availability under our revolving credit facility. We continue to generate cash flows from operations and we have significant flexibility with how we choose to invest our cash and return capital to shareholders.
For additional information, see Note 4, Long-term Debt, to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1, Financial Statements (Unaudited), of this report, and Note 10, Long-term Debt, to the consolidated financial statements accompanying the 2020 Form 10‑K.
Current Liquidity
As of June 30, 2021, we had $73.2 million in Cash and cash equivalents. This amount excludes $66.6 million in restricted cash ($65.0 million included in Restricted cash and $1.6 million included in Other long-term assets in our condensed consolidated balance sheet) and $79.9 million of restricted marketable securities (included in Other long-term assets in our condensed consolidated balance sheet). Our restricted assets pertain primarily to obligations associated with our captive insurance company, as well as obligations we have under agreements with joint venture partners. See Note 4, Cash and Marketable Securities, to the consolidated financial statements accompanying the 2020 Form 10‑K.

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In addition to Cash and cash equivalents, as of June 30, 2021, we had approximately $917 million available to us under our revolving credit facility. Our credit agreement governs the substantial majority of our senior secured borrowing capacity and contains a leverage ratio and an interest coverage ratio as financial covenants. Our leverage ratio is defined in our credit agreement as the ratio of consolidated total debt (less up to $300 million of cash on hand) to Adjusted EBITDA for the trailing four quarters. In calculating the leverage ratio under our credit agreement, we are permitted to use pro forma Adjusted EBITDA, the calculation of which includes historical income statement items and pro forma adjustments resulting from (1) the dispositions and repayments or incurrence of debt and (2) the investments, acquisitions, mergers, amalgamations, consolidations and operational changes from acquisitions to the extent such items or effects are not yet reflected in our trailing four-quarter financial statements. Our interest coverage ratio is defined in our credit agreement as the ratio of Adjusted EBITDA to consolidated interest expense, excluding the amortization of financing fees, for the trailing four quarters. As of June 30, 2021, the maximum leverage ratio requirement per our credit agreement was 6.0x and the minimum interest coverage ratio requirement was 2.0x, and we were in compliance with these covenants. Based on Adjusted EBITDA for the trailing four quarters and the interest rate in effect under our credit agreement during the three-month period ended June 30, 2021, if we had drawn on the first day and maintained the maximum amount of outstanding draws under our revolving credit facility for that entire period, we would still be in compliance with the maximum leverage ratio and minimum interest coverage ratio requirements.
We do not face near-term refinancing risk, as the amounts outstanding under our credit agreement do not mature until 2024, and our bonds all mature in 2023 and beyond. See the “Contractual Obligations” section below for information related to our contractual obligations as of June 30, 2021.
For a discussion of risks and uncertainties facing us see Item 1A, Risk Factors, under Part II, Other Information, of this report and Item 1A, Risk Factors, of the 2020 Form 10‑K.
Sources and Uses of Cash
The following table shows the cash flows provided by or used in operating, investing, and financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (in millions):
 Six Months Ended June 30,
 20212020
Net cash provided by operating activities$414.4 $251.6 
Net cash used in investing activities(321.6)(175.1)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities(263.9)253.9 
(Decrease) increase in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash$(171.1)$330.4 
Operating activities. The increase in Net cash provided by operating activities for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same period of 2020 primarily resulted from the approximate $101 million payment to management investors of our home health and hospice segment for vested stock appreciation rights during the first quarter of 2020 and lower revenues during 2020 resulting from the pandemic. For additional information, see Note 7, Share-Based Payments, to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1, Financial Statements (Unaudited), of this report.
Investing activities. The increase in Net cash used in investing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same period of 2020 primarily resulted from the acquisition of Frontier during the second quarter of 2021 and an increase in purchases of property and equipment. For additional information regarding Frontier, see Note 2, Business Combinations, to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.
Financing activities. The increase in Net cash used in financing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same period of 2020 primarily resulted from the two partial redemptions of our 2023 Notes during the second quarter of 2021 and the purchase of equity interests held by the home health and hospice management team during the first quarter of 2020 offset by the proceeds received from the additional offering of our 4.50% Senior Notes due 2028 and of our existing 4.75% Senior Notes due 2030 during the second quarter of 2020. For additional information, see Note 5, Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests, to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1, Financial Statements (Unaudited), of this report and Note 10, Long-term Debt, to the consolidated financial statements accompanying the 2020 Form 10‑K.

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Contractual Obligations
Our consolidated contractual obligations as of June 30, 2021 are as follows (in millions):
 TotalJuly 1 through December 31, 20212022 - 20232024 - 20252026 and thereafter
Long-term debt obligations:     
Long-term debt, excluding revolving credit facility and finance lease obligations (a)
$2,704.6 $7.3 $151.6 $582.4 $1,963.3 
Revolving credit facility45.0 — — 45.0 — 
Interest on long-term debt (b)
858.9 63.1 246.2 225.4 324.2 
Finance lease obligations (c)
658.5 51.1 103.7 101.3 402.4 
Operating lease obligations (d)
333.8 28.0 100.3 71.0 134.5 
Purchase obligations (e)
110.0 28.2 54.2 18.2 9.4 
Other long-term liabilities (f)(g)
3.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 2.1 
Total$4,714.0 $178.0 $656.4 $1,043.7 $2,835.9 
(a)    Included in long-term debt are amounts owed on our bonds payable and other notes payable. These borrowings are further explained in Note 4, Long-term Debt, accompanying the condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1, Financial Statements (Unaudited), of this report, and Note 10, Long-term Debt, to the consolidated financial statements accompanying the 2020 Form 10‑K.
(b)    Interest on our fixed rate debt is presented using the stated interest rate. Interest expense on our variable rate debt is estimated using the rate in effect as of June 30, 2021. Interest pertaining to our credit agreement and bonds is included to their respective ultimate maturity dates. Interest related to finance lease obligations is excluded from this line. Amounts exclude amortization of debt discounts, amortization of loan fees, or fees for lines of credit that would be included in interest expense in our consolidated statements of comprehensive income.
(c)    Amounts include interest portion of future minimum finance lease payments.
(d)    Our inpatient rehabilitation segment leases approximately 11% of its hospitals as well as other property and equipment under operating leases in the normal course of business. Our home health and hospice segment leases relatively small office spaces in the localities it serves, space for its corporate office, and other equipment under operating leases in the normal course of business. Amounts include interest portion of future minimum operating lease payments. For more information, see Note 7, Leases, to the consolidated financial statements accompanying the 2020 Form 10‑K.
(e)    Purchase obligations include agreements to purchase goods or services that are enforceable and legally binding on Encompass Health and that specify all significant terms, including: fixed or minimum quantities to be purchased; fixed, minimum, or variable price provisions; and the approximate timing of the transaction. Purchase obligations exclude agreements that are cancelable without penalty. Our purchase obligations primarily relate to software licensing and support and medical equipment. Purchase obligations are not recognized in our condensed consolidated balance sheet.
(f)    Because their future cash outflows are uncertain, the following noncurrent liabilities are excluded from the table above: general liability, professional liability, and workers' compensation risks, noncurrent amounts related to third-party billing audits, and deferred income taxes. For more information, see Note 11, Self-Insured Risks, Note 16, Income Taxes, and Note 18, Contingencies and Other Commitments, to the consolidated financial statements accompanying the 2020 Form 10‑K and Note 8, Income Taxes, to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1, Financial Statements (Unaudited), of this report.
(g)    The table above does not include Redeemable noncontrolling interests of $32.9 million because of the uncertainty surrounding the timing and amounts of any related cash outflows. See Note 5, Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests, to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1, Financial Statements (Unaudited), of this report.

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Our capital expenditures include costs associated with our hospital refresh program, de novo projects, capacity expansions, technology initiatives, and building and equipment upgrades and purchases. During the six months ended June 30, 2021, we made capital expenditures of approximately $223 million for property and equipment, capitalized software, and other intangible assets. During 2021, we expect to spend approximately $580 million to $665 million for capital expenditures. Approximately $165 million to $195 million of this budgeted amount is considered nondiscretionary expenditures, which we may refer to in other filings as “maintenance” expenditures. In addition, we expect to spend approximately $100 million on home health and hospice acquisitions during 2021, inclusive of the Frontier acquisition discussed in the “Executive Overview” section of this Item. Actual amounts spent will be dependent upon the timing of development projects and acquisition opportunities for our home health and hospice business.
Authorizations for Returning Capital to Stakeholders
In October 2020, February 2021, and May 2021, our board of directors declared cash dividends of $0.28 per share that were paid in January 2021, April 2021 and July 2021, respectively. On July 20, 2021, our board of directors declared a cash dividend of $0.28 per share, payable on October 15, 2021 to stockholders of record on October 1, 2021. We expect quarterly dividends to be paid in January, April, July, and October. However, the actual declaration of any future cash dividends, and the setting of record and payment dates as well as the per share amounts, will be at the discretion of our board of directors after consideration of various factors, including our capital position and alternative uses of funds. Cash dividends are expected to be funded using cash flows from operations, cash on hand, and availability under our revolving credit facility.
On July 24, 2018, our board approved resetting the aggregate common stock repurchase authorization to $250 million. As of June 30, 2021, approximately $198 million remained under this authorization. The repurchase authorization does not require the repurchase of a specific number of shares, has an indefinite term, and is subject to termination at any time by our board of directors. Subject to certain terms and conditions, including a maximum price per share and compliance with federal and state securities and other laws, the repurchases may be made from time to time in open market transactions, privately negotiated transactions, or other transactions, including trades under a plan established in accordance with Rule 10b5-1 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. For additional information, see Part II, Item 2, Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds, of this report.
Supplemental Guarantor Financial Information
Our indebtedness under our credit agreement and the 5.125% Senior Notes due 2023, 5.75% Senior Notes due 2025, 4.50% Senior Notes due 2028, 4.75% Senior Notes due 2030, and 4.625% Senior Notes due 2031 (collectively, the “Senior Notes”) are guaranteed by certain consolidated subsidiaries. These guarantees are full and unconditional and joint and several, subject to certain customary conditions for release. The Senior Notes are guaranteed on a senior, unsecured basis by all of our existing and future subsidiaries that guarantee borrowings under our credit agreement and other capital markets debt. The other subsidiaries of Encompass Health do not guarantee the Senior Notes (such subsidiaries are referred to as the “non-guarantor subsidiaries”).
The terms of our credit agreement allow us to declare and pay cash dividends on our common stock so long as: (1) we are not in default under our credit agreement, and (2) either (a) our senior secured leverage ratio (as defined in our credit agreement) remains less than or equal to 2x and our leverage ratio (as defined in our credit agreement) remains less than or equal to 4.50x or (b) there is capacity under the Available Amount as defined in the credit agreement. The terms of our Senior Notes indenture allow us to declare and pay cash dividends on our common stock so long as (1) we are not in default, (2) the consolidated coverage ratio (as defined in the indenture) exceeds 2x or we are otherwise allowed under the indenture to incur debt, and (3) we have capacity under the indenture’s restricted payments covenant to declare and pay dividends. See Note 4, Long-term Debt, to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1, Financial Statements (Unaudited), of this report, and Note 10, Long-term Debt, to the consolidated financial statements accompanying the 2020 Form 10‑K.

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Summarized financial information is presented below for Encompass Health, the parent company, and the subsidiary guarantors on a combined basis after elimination of intercompany transactions and balances among Encompass Health and the subsidiary guarantors and does not include investments in and equity in the earnings of non-guarantor subsidiaries. Amounts for prior periods have been revised to reflect the status of guarantors and non-guarantors as of June 30, 2021.
Six Months Ended June 30, 2021
(In Millions)
Net operating revenues$1,814.4 
Intercompany revenues generated from non-guarantor subsidiaries9.6 
Total net operating revenues$1,824.0 
Operating expenses$1,541.6 
Intercompany expenses incurred in transactions with non-guarantor subsidiaries15.1 
Total operating expenses$1,556.7 
Income from continuing operations$143.3 
Net income$143.0 
Net income attributable to Encompass Health$143.0 
As of
June 30, 2021
As of
December 31, 2020
(In Millions)
Total current assets$665.3 $712.4 
Property and equipment, net$1,730.8 $1,574.6 
Goodwill2,063.7 1,973.6 
Intercompany receivable due from non-guarantor subsidiaries145.9 147.8 
Other noncurrent assets692.1 701.2 
Total noncurrent assets$4,632.5 $4,397.2 
Total current liabilities$712.4 $579.3 
Long-term debt, net of current portion$3,053.4 $3,213.1 
Other noncurrent liabilities310.6 306.3 
Total noncurrent liabilities$3,364.0 $3,519.4 
Adjusted EBITDA
Management believes Adjusted EBITDA as defined in our credit agreement is a measure of our ability to service our debt and our ability to make capital expenditures. We reconcile Adjusted EBITDA to Net income and to Net cash provided by operating activities.
We use Adjusted EBITDA on a consolidated basis as a liquidity measure. We believe this financial measure on a consolidated basis is important in analyzing our liquidity because it is the key component of certain material covenants contained within our credit agreement, which is discussed in more detail in Note 10, Long-term Debt, to the consolidated financial statements accompanying the 2020 Form 10‑K. These covenants are material terms of the credit agreement. Noncompliance with these financial covenants under our credit agreement—our interest coverage ratio and our leverage ratio—could result in our lenders requiring us to immediately repay all amounts borrowed. If we anticipated a potential covenant violation, we would seek relief from our lenders, which would have some cost to us, and such relief might be on terms less favorable to us than those in our existing credit agreement. In addition, if we cannot satisfy these financial covenants, we would be prohibited under our credit agreement from engaging in certain activities, such as incurring additional indebtedness, paying common stock dividends, making certain payments, and acquiring and disposing of assets. Consequently, Adjusted EBITDA is critical to our assessment of our liquidity.

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In general terms, the credit agreement definition of Adjusted EBITDA, therein referred to as “Adjusted Consolidated
EBITDA,” allows us to add back to consolidated Net income interest expense, income taxes, and depreciation and amortization and then add back to consolidated Net income (1) all unusual or nonrecurring items reducing consolidated Net income (of which only up to $10 million in a year may be cash expenditures), (2) any losses from discontinued operations, (3) non-ordinary course fees, costs and expenses incurred with respect to any litigation or settlement, (4) share-based compensation expense, (5) costs and expenses associated with changes in the fair value of marketable securities, (6) costs and expenses associated with the issuance or prepayment debt and acquisitions, and (7) any restructuring charges not in excess of 20% of Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA. We also subtract from consolidated Net income all unusual or nonrecurring items to the extent they increase consolidated Net income.
Under the credit agreement, the Adjusted EBITDA calculation does not require us to deduct net income attributable to noncontrolling interests or gains on fair value adjustments of hedging and equity instruments, disposal of assets, and development activities. It also does not allow us to add back losses on fair value adjustments of hedging instruments or unusual or nonrecurring cash expenditures in excess of $10 million. These items and amounts, in addition to the items falling within the credit agreement’s “unusual or nonrecurring” classification, may occur in future periods, but can vary significantly from period to period and may not directly relate to, or be indicative of, our ongoing liquidity or operating performance. Accordingly, the Adjusted EBITDA calculation presented here includes adjustments for them.
Adjusted EBITDA is not a measure of financial performance under generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America, and the items excluded from Adjusted EBITDA are significant components in understanding and assessing financial performance. Therefore, Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered a substitute for Net income or cash flows from operating, investing, or financing activities. Because Adjusted EBITDA is not a measurement determined in accordance with GAAP and is thus susceptible to varying calculations, Adjusted EBITDA, as presented, may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies. Revenues and expenses are measured in accordance with the policies and procedures described in Note 1, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, to the consolidated financial statements accompanying the 2020 Form 10‑K.
Our Adjusted EBITDA for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 was as follows (in millions):
Reconciliation of Net Income to Adjusted EBITDA
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
 2021202020212020
Net income$142.0 $48.3 $274.8 $157.0 
Loss (income) from discontinued operations, net of tax, attributable to Encompass Health0.3 (0.1)0.3 — 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests(28.7)(14.8)(54.2)(36.5)
Provision for income tax expense39.5 11.8 74.0 38.9 
Interest expense and amortization of debt discounts and fees41.8 45.8 84.6 89.0 
Government, class action, and related settlements— — — 2.8 
Loss on disposal or impairment of assets2.9 3.0 2.8 3.1 
Depreciation and amortization63.4 60.7 125.9 119.5 
Loss on early extinguishment of debt1.0 — 1.0 — 
Stock-based compensation expense12.0 9.9 14.8 17.0 
Costs associated with the strategic alternatives review4.1 — 5.0 — 
Costs associated with the Frontier acquisition1.3 — 1.3 — 
Gain on consolidation of joint venture formerly accounted for under the equity method of accounting— — — (2.2)
Change in fair market value of equity securities(0.7)(2.4)(0.6)0.1 
Payroll taxes on SARs exercise— — — 1.5 
Adjusted EBITDA$278.9 $162.2 $529.7 $390.2 

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Reconciliation of Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities to Adjusted EBITDA
 Six Months Ended June 30,
 20212020
Net cash provided by operating activities$414.4 $251.6 
Interest expense and amortization of debt discounts and fees84.6 89.0 
Equity in net income of nonconsolidated affiliates2.0 1.5 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests in continuing operations(54.2)(36.5)
Amortization of debt-related items(4.0)(3.1)
Distributions from nonconsolidated affiliates(1.8)(2.0)
Current portion of income tax expense67.8 48.0 
Change in assets and liabilities11.0 40.5 
Cash used in operating activities of discontinued operations0.6 0.1 
Costs associated with the strategic alternatives review5.0 — 
Costs associated with the Frontier acquisition1.3 — 
Change in fair market value of equity securities(0.6)0.1 
Payroll taxes on SARs exercise— 1.5 
Other3.6 (0.5)
Adjusted EBITDA$529.7 $390.2 
For additional information see the “Results of Operations” and “Segment Results of Operations” sections of this Item.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
For information regarding recent accounting pronouncements, see Note 1, Basis of Presentation, to our condensed consolidated financial statements included under Part I, Item 1, Financial Statements (Unaudited), of this report.
Item 3.Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
Our primary exposure to market risk is to changes in interest rates on our variable rate long-term debt. We use sensitivity analysis models to evaluate the impact of interest rate changes on our variable rate debt. As of June 30, 2021, our primary variable rate debt outstanding related to $45.0 million in advances under our revolving credit facility and $245.1 million under our term loan facilities. Assuming outstanding balances were to remain the same, a 1% increase in interest rates would result in an incremental negative cash flow of approximately $2.5 million over the next 12 months, while a 1% decrease in interest rates would result in an incremental positive cash flow of approximately $0.3 million over the next 12 months.
See Note 4, Long-term Debt, and Note 6, Fair Value Measurements, to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1, Financial Statements (Unaudited), of this report, for additional information regarding our long-term debt.
Item 4.Controls and Procedures
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
As of the end of the period covered by this report, an evaluation was carried out by our management, including our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Based on our evaluation, our chief executive officer and chief financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this report.
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
There have been no changes in our Internal Control over Financial Reporting during the quarter ended June 30, 2021 that have a material effect on our Internal Control over Financial Reporting.

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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.Legal Proceedings
We provide services in the highly regulated healthcare industry. In the ordinary course of our business, we are a party to various legal actions, proceedings, and claims as well as regulatory and other governmental audits and investigations. These matters could potentially subject us to sanctions, damages, recoupments, fines, and other penalties. Some of these matters have been material to us in the past, and others in the future may, either individually or in the aggregate, be material and adverse to our business, financial position, results of operations, and liquidity. We do not believe any of our pending legal proceedings are material to us, but there can be no assurance our assessment will not change based on future developments.

Additionally, the False Claims Act (the “FCA”) allows private citizens, called “relators,” to institute civil proceedings on behalf of the United States alleging violations of the FCA. These lawsuits, also known as “qui tam” actions, are common in the healthcare industry and can involve significant monetary damages, fines, attorneys’ fees and the award of bounties to the relators who successfully prosecute or bring these suits to the government. It is possible that qui tam lawsuits have been filed against us, which suits remain under seal, or that we are unaware of such filings or prevented by existing law or court order from discussing or disclosing the filing of such suits. Therefore, from time to time, we may be party to one or more undisclosed qui tam cases brought pursuant to the FCA.

Information relating to certain legal proceedings in which we are involved is included in Note 10, Contingencies and Other Commitments, to the condensed consolidated financial statements contained in Part I, Item 1, Financial Statements (Unaudited), of this report and should be read in conjunction with the related disclosure previously reported in our Annual Report on Form 10‑K for the year ended December 31, 2020 (the “2020 Form 10‑K”).
Item 1A.Risk Factors
There have been no material changes from the risk factors disclosed in Part I, Item 1A, Risk Factors, of the 2020 Form 10-K. However, certain information in those risk factors has been updated by the discussion in the “Executive Overview—Key Challenges” section of Part I, Item 2, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, of this report, which section is incorporated by reference herein.
Item 2.Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Purchases of Equity Securities
The following table summarizes our repurchases of equity securities during the three months ended June 30, 2021:
Period
Total Number of Shares (or Units) Purchased(1)
Average Price Paid per Share (or Unit) ($)Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs
Maximum Number (or Approximate Dollar Value) of Shares That May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs(2)
April 1, through April 30, 2021694 $84.17 — $198,053,924 
May 1, through May 31, 20218,649 84.53 — 198,053,924 
June 1, through June 30, 2021— 

— — 198,053,924 
Total9,343 84.50 — 
(1)Except as noted in the following sentence, the number of shares reported in this column includes the shares purchased under the plan or program, if any, as reported in the third column of this table and the shares tendered by employees as payments of the tax liabilities incident to the vesting of previously awarded shares of restricted stock and the exercise price and tax liability incident to the net settlement of an option exercise. In April, 224 shares were purchased pursuant to our Directors’ Deferred Stock Investment Plan. This plan is a nonqualified deferral plan allowing non-employee directors to make advance elections to defer a fixed percentage of their director fees. The plan administrator acquires the shares in the open market which are then held in a rabbi trust. The plan also provides that dividends paid on the shares held for the accounts of the directors will be reinvested in shares of our common stock which will also be held

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in the trust. The directors’ rights to all shares in the trust are nonforfeitable, but the shares are only released to the directors after departure from our board.
(2)    On October 28, 2013, we announced our board of directors authorized the repurchase of up to $200 million of our common stock. On February 14, 2014, our board approved an increase in this common stock repurchase authorization from $200 million to $250 million. On July 24, 2018, our board approved resetting the aggregate common stock repurchase authorization to $250 million. The repurchase authorization does not require the repurchase of a specific number of shares, has an indefinite term, and is subject to termination at any time by our board of directors. Subject to certain terms and conditions, including a maximum price per share and compliance with federal and state securities and other laws, the repurchases may be made from time to time in open market transactions, privately negotiated transactions, or other transactions, including trades under a plan established in accordance with Rule 10b5-1 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
Item 6.Exhibits
See the Exhibit Index immediately following the signature page of this report.

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SIGNATURE
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 ENCOMPASS HEALTH CORPORATION
   
By:/s/ Douglas E. Coltharp
  Douglas E. Coltharp
  Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
   
 Date:August 3, 2021

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EXHIBIT INDEX
The exhibits required by Regulation S-K are set forth in the following list and are filed by attachment to this report unless otherwise noted.
No. Description
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
101 Sections of the Encompass Health Corporation Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2021, formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language), submitted in the following files:
 101.INSXBRL Instance Document (the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document)
101.SCHXBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CALXBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEFXBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LABXBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PREXBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)
+ Management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.