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NAII Natural Alternatives International

Filed: 9 Feb 21, 4:15pm
 

 

Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 


FORM 10-Q

  

QUARTERLY REPORT

pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

  

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED DECMBER 31, 2020

 

000-15701

(Commission file number)

 

 


NATURAL ALTERNATIVES INTERNATIONAL, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware

84-1007839

(State of incorporation)

(IRS Employer Identification No.)

    

 

1535 Faraday Ave

Carlsbad, CA 92008

(760) 736-7700

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Registrant’s telephone number)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of Each Class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered

Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share

NAII

Nasdaq Stock Market

 

Indicate by check mark whether NAI (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that NAI was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    ☒  Yes     ☐  No

 

Indicate by check mark whether NAI has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that NAI was required to submit and post such files).    ☒  Yes     ☐  No

 

Indicate by check mark whether NAI is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.

 

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Emerging Growth Company

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether NAI is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act): ☐ Yes ☒ No

 

As of February 9, 2021, 6,358,114 shares of NAI's common stock were outstanding, net of 2,529,005 treasury shares.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SPECIAL NOTE ABOUT FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

Certain statements in this Form 10-Q quarterly report (this “Report”) are “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements reflect current views about future events and financial performance based on certain assumptions. Examples of forward-looking statements include opinions, forecasts, intentions, plans, goals, projections, guidance, expectations, beliefs, or other statements that are not statements of fact. Words such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “would,” “expect,” “plan,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “approximate,” “predict,” “forecast,” or “project,” or the negative or other variation of such words, and similar expressions may each identify a statement as a forward-looking statement. Any statements contained herein that refer to projections of our future financial performance, our anticipated growth and trends in our business, our goals, strategies, focus and plans, and other characterizations of future events or circumstances, including statements expressing general optimism about our future operating results, are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements in this Report may include statements about:

 

 

the impact, of the Covid-19 Pandemic (“COVID-19”) and other external factors both within and outside of our control, on our business and results in operations including variations in our quarterly net sales , our employees, supply chain, vendors and customers;

 

future financial and operating results, including projections of net sales, revenue, income or loss, net income or loss per share, profit margins, expenditures, liquidity, and other financial items;

 

our ability to maintain or increase our patent and trademark licensing revenues;

 

our ability to develop market acceptance for and increase sales of new products, develop relationships with new customers and maintain or improve existing customer relationships;

 

inventory levels, including the adequacy of quality raw material and other inventory levels to meet future customer demand, in particular assumptions regarding the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic;

 

our ability to protect our intellectual property;

 

future economic and political conditions, including implementation of new or increased tariffs;

 

our ability to improve operating efficiencies, manage costs and business risks, and improve or maintain profitability;

 

currency exchange rates and their effect on our results of operations (including amounts that we may reclassify as earnings), the availability of foreign exchange facilities, our ability to effectively hedge against foreign exchange risks and the extent to which we may seek to hedge against such risks;

 

the outcome of currently pending litigation, regulatory and tax matters, the costs associated with such matters and the effect of such matters on our business and results of operations;

 

sources, availability and quality of raw materials, including the limited number of suppliers of beta-alanine meeting our quality requirements;

 

the future adequacy, and intended use, of our facilities;

 

potential manufacturing and distribution channels, product returns, and product recalls;

 

future customer orders;

 

the impact of external factors on our business and results of operations, especially, for example, variations in quarterly net sales from seasonal and other external factors;

 

our ability to operate within the standards set by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) Good Manufacturing Practices (GMPs);

 

our ability to successfully expand our operations, including outside the United States (U.S.);

 

the adequacy of our financial reserves and allowances;

 

the sufficiency of our available cash, cash equivalents, and potential cash flows from our operations to fund our working capital and capital expenditure needs through the next 12 months and longer;

 

the impact of accounting pronouncements and our adoption of certain accounting guidance; and

 

other assumptions described in this Report underlying or relating to any forward-looking statements.

 

Forward-looking statements in this Report speak only as of the date of this Report based on information available to us at that time and caution should be taken not to place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are subject to certain future events, risks, and uncertainties that are or may be outside of our control. When considering forward-looking statements, you should carefully review the risks, uncertainties and other cautionary statements in this Report as they identify certain important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, the forward-looking statements. These factors include, among others, the risks described under Item 1A of Part II and elsewhere in this Report, as well as in other reports and documents we have filed and will file with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

 

 

 

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1.     FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NATURAL ALTERNATIVES INTERNATIONAL, INC.

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands, except share and per share data)

 

  

December 31,

2020

  

June 30,

2020

 
  

(Unaudited)

     

Assets

        

Current assets:

        

Cash and cash equivalents

 $28,629  $30,478 

Accounts receivable - less allowance for doubtful accounts of $3,185 at December 31, 2020 and $3,240 at June 30, 2020

  17,062   17,001 

Inventories, net

  34,466   27,972 

Income tax receivable

  200   848 

Forward contracts

     450 

Prepaids and other current assets

  3,060   2,275 

Total current assets

  83,417   79,024 

Property and equipment, net

  22,409   21,523 

Operating lease right-of-use assets

  17,034   18,354 

Deferred tax asset – noncurrent

  1,262   196 

Other noncurrent assets, net

  1,397   1,106 

Total assets

 $125,519  $120,203 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

        

Current liabilities:

        

Accounts payable

 $12,377  $12,509 

Accrued liabilities

  2,809   1,627 

Accrued compensation and employee benefits

  2,330   2,660 

Forward contracts

  3,184    

Income taxes payable

  1,988   1,010 

Lines of credit – current

  10,000   10,000 

Total current liabilities

  32,688   27,806 

Long-term liability – operating leases

  17,956   18,782 

Noncurrent forward contracts

  403   195 

Long-term pension liability

  734   696 

Income taxes payable, noncurrent

  1,250   1,349 

Total liabilities

  53,031   48,828 

Commitments and contingencies (Note L)

        

Stockholders’ equity:

        

Preferred stock; $.01 par value; 500,000 shares authorized; none issued or outstanding

      

Common stock; $.01 par value; 20,000,000 shares authorized; issued and outstanding (net of treasury shares) 6,363,865 at December 31, 2020 and 6,752,372 at June 30, 2020

  88   87 

Additional paid-in capital

  28,689   27,992 

Retained earnings

  62,071   56,181 

Treasury stock, at cost, 2,523,254 shares at December 31, 2020 and 2,104,305 June 30, 2020

  (15,203

)

  (11,702

)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

  (3,157

)

  (1,183

)

Total stockholders’ equity

  72,488   71,375 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 $125,519  $120,203 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

NATURAL ALTERNATIVES INTERNATIONAL, INC.

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income

(In thousands, except share and per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

  

Three Months Ended

  

Six Months Ended

 
  

December 31,

  

December 31,

 
  

2020

  

2019

  

2020

  

2019

 

Net sales

 $48,083  $29,103  $87,809  $58,298 

Cost of goods sold

  38,409   24,042   72,130   48,853 

Gross profit

  9,674   5,061   15,679   9,445 

Selling, general and administrative

  4,282   4,363   8,202   8,802 
                 

Income from operations

  5,392   698   7,477   643 
                 

Other (expense) income:

                

Interest income

  1   50   1   129 

Interest expense

  (49

)

  (7

)

  (95

)

  (11

)

Foreign exchange loss

  (753

)

  (162

)

  (1,018

)

  (53

)

Other, net

  (5

)

  (5

)

  (15

)

  (12

)

Total other (expense) income

  (806

)

  (124

)

  (1,127

)

  53 
                 

Income before income taxes

  4,586   574   6,350   696 

Provision for income taxes

  954   98   460   124 

Net income

 $3,632  $476  $5,890  $572 
                 

Unrealized loss resulting from change in fair value of derivative instruments, net of tax

  (854

)

  (903

)

  (1,974

)

  (516

)

                 

Comprehensive income (loss)

 $2,778  $(427

)

 $3,916  $56 
                 

Net income per common share:

                

Basic

 $0.58  $0.07  $0.93  $0.08 

Diluted

 $0.57  $0.07  $0.91  $0.08 
                 

Weighted average common shares outstanding

                

Basic

  6,270,419   6,795,269   6,344,256   6,818,249 

Diluted

  6,405,308   6,885,934   6,438,143   6,935,580 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

Natural Alternatives International, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements Of Stockholders’ Equity

Three-Month Period Ended December 31, 2020 and 2019

(Dollars in thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

  

Common Stock

  

Additional
Paid-in

  

Retained

  

Treasury Stock

  

Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive

     
  

Shares

  

Amount

  

Capital

  

Earnings

  

Shares

  

Amount

  

Income (Loss)

  

Total

 

Balance, September 30, 2020

  8,856,677  $87  $28,353  $58,439   2,340,387  $(13,445

)

 $(2,303

)

 $71,131 

Compensation expense related to stock compensation plans

        337               337 

Repurchase of common stock

              182,867   (1,758

)

     (1,758

)

Issuance of common stock for stock option exercise

  30,442   1   (1)               

Unrealized loss resulting from change in fair value of derivative instruments, net of tax

                    (854

)

  (854

)

Net income

           3,632            3,632 

Balance, December 31, 2020

  8,887,119  $88  $28,689  $62,071   2,523,254  $(15,203

)

 $(3,157

)

 $72,488 
                                 

Balance, September 30, 2019

  8,851,677  $87  $26,713  $58,024   1,643,322  $(7,970

)

 $551  $77,405 

Issuance of common stock for restricted stock grants

  5,000                      

Compensation expense related to stock compensation plans

        459               459 

Repurchase of common stock

              157,951   (1,317

)

     (1,317

)

Unrealized loss resulting from change in fair value of derivative instruments, net of tax

                    (903

)

  (903)

Net income

           476            476 

Balance, December 31, 2019

  8,856,677  $87  $27,172  $58,500   1,801,273  $(9,287

)

 $(352

)

 $76,120 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

Natural Alternatives International, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements Of Stockholders’ Equity

Six-Month Period Ended December 31, 2020 and 2019

(Dollars in thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

  

Common Stock

  

Additional
Paid-in

  

Retained

  

Treasury Stock

  

Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive

     
  

Shares

  

Amount

  

Capital

  

Earnings

  

Shares

  

Amount

  

Income (Loss)

  

Total

 

Balance, June 30, 2020

  8,856,677  $87  $27,992  $56,181   2,104,305  $(11,702

)

 $(1,183

)

 $71,375 

Compensation expense related to stock compensation plans

        698               698 

Repurchase of common stock

              418,949   (3,501

)

     (3,501)

Issuance of common stock for stock option exercise

  30,442   1   (1)               

Unrealized loss resulting from change in fair value of derivative instruments, net of tax

                    (1,974

)

  (1,974

)

Net income

           5,890            5,890 

Balance, December 31, 2020

  8,887,119  $88  $28,689  $62,071   2,523,254  $(15,203

)

 $(3,157

)

 $72,488 
                                 

Balance, June 30, 2019

  8,851,677  $87  $26,280  $57,380   1,626,605  $(7,955

)

 $292  $76,084 

Issuance of common stock for restricted stock grants

  5,000                      

Compensation expense related to stock compensation plans

        892               892 

Repurchase of common stock

              159,668   (1,332

)

     (1,332)

Forfeiture of restricted stock

              15,000          

Cumulative-effect adjustment pursuant to adoption of ASU 2016-02

           420            420 

Reclassification pursuant to adoption of ASU 2018-02

           128         (128)   

Unrealized loss resulting from change in fair value of derivative instruments, net of tax

                    (516

)

  (516

)

Net income

           572            572 

Balance, December 31, 2019

  8,856,677  $87  $27,172  $58,500   1,801,273  $(9,287

)

 $(352

)

 $76,120 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

NATURAL ALTERNATIVES INTERNATIONAL, INC.

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(In thousands, except share and per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

  

Six Months Ended

December 31,

 
  

2020

  

2019

 

Cash flows from operating activities

        

Net income

 $5,890  $572 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

        

Depreciation and amortization

  2,148   1,966 

Non-cash compensation

  698   892 

Non-cash lease expenses

  494   96 

Deferred income taxes

  (469

)

   

(Gain) loss on disposal of assets

  (3

)

  122 

Pension expense, net of contributions

  38   9 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

        

Accounts receivable, net

  (61

)

  1,737 

Inventories, net

  (6,494

)

  3,353 

Prepaids and other assets

  (1,075

)

  (602

)

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

  1,050   (2,687

)

Forward contracts

  1,270   (10

)

Accrued compensation and employee benefits

  (330

)

  (733

)

Income taxes

  1,527   93 

Net cash provided by operating activities

  4,683   4,808 
         

Cash flows from investing activities

        

Purchases of property and equipment

  (3,034

)

  (1,633

)

Proceeds from sale of property and equipment

  3   17 

Net cash used in investing activities

  (3,031

)

  (1,616

)

         

Cash flows from financing activities

        

Repurchase of common stock

  (3,501

)

  (1,332

)

Net cash used in financing activities

  (3,501

)

  (1,332

)

         

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

  (1,849

)

  1,860 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

  30,478   25,040 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 $28,629  $26,900 
         

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information

        

Cash paid during the period for:

        

Interest

 $91  $11 

Taxes

 $263  $18 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

(UNAUDITED)

 

 

A. Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

The accompanying interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and with applicable rules and regulations. Pursuant to such rules and regulations, certain information and note disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (U.S. GAAP) have been condensed or omitted. In management’s opinion, all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows have been included and are of a normal, recurring nature. The results of operations for the six months ended December 31, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full fiscal year or for any future periods.

 

You should read the financial statements and these notes, which notes are an integral part of the financial statements, together with our audited financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2020 (“2020 Annual Report”). The accounting policies used to prepare the financial statements included in this Report are the same policies described in the notes to the consolidated financial statements in our 2020 Annual Report unless otherwise noted below.

 

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

 

We did not adopt any accounting pronouncements during the three or six months ended December 31, 2020.

 

Recently Issued Accounting and Regulatory Pronouncements

 

In November 2020, the SEC issued Release No. 33-10825, Modernization of Regulation S-K Items 101, 103, and 105, which release amends and clarifies certain of our financial reporting requirements. This release will primarily impact risk factor disclosures in our future Annual Reports.

 

Other recently issued accounting pronouncements are not discussed in this Report as such pronouncements did not have, and are not believed by management to have, a material impact on our present or future financial statements.

 

Net Income per Common Share

 

We compute net income per common share using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period, and diluted net income per common share using the additional dilutive effect of all dilutive securities. The dilutive impact of stock options and unvested restricted shares account for the additional weighted average shares of common stock outstanding for our diluted net income per common share computation. We calculated basic and diluted net income per common share as follows (in thousands, except per share data): 

 

  

Three Months Ended

  

Six Months Ended

 
  

December 31,

  

December 31,

 
  

2020

  

2019

  

2020

  

2019

 

Numerator

                

Net income

 $3,632  $476  $5,890  $572 
                 

Denominator

                

Basic weighted average common shares outstanding

  6,270   6,795   6,344   6,818 

Dilutive effect of stock options and restricted stock

  135   91   94   117 

Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding

  6,405   6,886   6,438   6,935 
                 

Basic net income per common share

 $0.58  $0.07  $0.93  $0.08 
                 

Diluted net income per common share

 $0.57  $0.07  $0.91  $0.08 

 

 

We did not exclude any stock options or restricted stock shares for the three months ended December 31, 2020. During the six months ended December 31, 2020 we excluded shares relating to stock options totaling 90,000 and 116,658 shares of unvested restricted stock, as their impact would have been anti-dilutive. We did not exclude any stock options or restricted stock shares for the three or six months ended December 31, 2019 as none would have had an anti-dilutive impact.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

We record revenue based on a five-step model that includes: (1) identifying a contract with a customer; (2) identifying the performance obligations in that contract; (3) determining the total transaction price; (4) allocating that transaction price among the performance obligations; and (5) recognizing revenue as each of the various performance obligations are satisfied.

 

Revenue is measured as the net amount of consideration expected to be received in exchange for fulfilling one or more performance obligations. We identify purchase orders from customers as contracts. The amount of consideration expected to be received, and thus revenue recognized, includes estimates of variable consideration, including estimates for early payment discounts and volume rebates. Such estimates are calculated using historical averages, adjusted for any expected changes due to current business conditions and experience. We review and update these estimates at the end of each reporting period and the impact of any adjustments is recognized in the period those adjustments are identified. In assessing whether collection of consideration from a customer is probable, we consider both the customer's ability and intent to pay that amount of consideration when it is due. Payment of invoices is due as specified in the underlying customer contracts, which is typically 30 days from the invoice date. Invoices are generally issued on the date of transfer of control of the products ordered to the customer.

 

Revenue is recognized at the point in time that each of our performance obligations is fulfilled, and control of ordered products is transferred to the customer. This transfer occurs when the product is shipped, or in some cases, when the product is delivered to the customer.

 

We provide early payment discounts to certain customers. Based on historical payment trends, we expect that these customers will continue to take advantage of these early payment discounts. The cost of these discounts is reported as a reduction to the transaction price of customer contracts. If the actual discounts differ from those estimated, the difference is also reported as a change in the transaction price.

 

Except for product defects, no right of return exists on the sale of our products. We estimate returns based on historical experience and recognize a returns liability for any estimated returns. As of December 31, 2020, we have no liability recorded for estimated returns of products.

 

We have an Exclusive Manufacturing Agreement with Juice Plus+, as amended and restated on March 31, 2019, (the "JP Agreement”). Pursuant to the JP Agreement, Juice Plus+ has granted us exclusive rights to manufacture and supply them with certain of their products within 24 countries where Juice Plus+ currently sells those products. The JP Agreement is effective through August 6, 2025. As part of the JP Agreement, we provide Juice Plus+ a cash discount that is amortized ratably over the remaining life of the JP Agreement based on the full value of the cash discount expected to be given over the same period. We recorded $0.4 million of cash sales discount during the three months ended December 31, 2020 and $0.8 million during the six months ended December 31, 2020. We recorded $0.4 million of cash sales discount during the three months ended December 31, 2019 and $0.8 million for the six months ended December 31, 2019.

 

 

We currently own certain U.S. patents, and each such patent’s corresponding foreign patent applications. All of these patents and patent rights relate to the ingredient known as “beta-alanine”, which we market and sell under our CarnoSyn® and SR CarnoSyn® trade names. We recorded beta-alanine raw material sales and royalty and licensing income as a component of revenue in the amount of $2.8 million during the three months ended December 31, 2020 and $5.4 million during the six months ended December 31, 2020. We similarly recorded $4.3 million during the three months ended December 31, 2019 and $7.5 million during the six months ended December 31, 2019.  These royalty income and raw material sale amounts resulted in royalty expense paid to the original patent holders from whom NAI acquired its patents and patent rights. We recognized royalty expense as a component of cost of goods sold in the amount of $0.1 million during the three months ended December 31, 2020 and $0.3 million during the six months ended December 31, 2020. We recorded $0.2 million during the three months ended December 31, 2019 and $0.4 million during the six months ended December 31, 2019.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

We had an omnibus equity incentive plan that was approved by our Board of Directors effective October 15, 2009 and approved by our stockholders at the Annual Meeting of Stockholders held on November 30, 2009 ("2009 Plan"). The 2009 Plan expired on October 15, 2019. The Board of Directors approved a new omnibus equity incentive plan to be effective January 1, 2021 (“2020 Plan”), which was approved by our stockholders at the Annual Meeting of Stockholders on December 4, 2020. Under the 2020 Plan, we may grant nonqualified and incentive stock options, restricted stock grants, restricted stock units, stock appreciation rights, and other stock-based awards to employees, non-employee directors and consultants.

 

We did not grant any options during each of the three or six month periods ended December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019. All remaining outstanding stock options are fully vested. During the three and six months ended December 31, 2020, 100,000 stock options were exercised. These exercises were cashless net exercises resulting in the issuance of 30,442 shares. No options were exercised during the three and six month period ended December 31, 2019. There were no option forfeitures during the three or six month periods ended December 31, 2020 or December 31, 2019.

 

We did not grant any restricted stock shares during the three or six months ended December 31, 2020. During the three and six months ended December 31, 2019, we granted 5,000 shares of restricted stock shares to a new member of our management team. No restricted stock shares were forfeited during the three or six months ended December 31, 2020. During the three months ended December 31, 2019, there were no restricted stock forfeitures. During the six months ended December 31, 2019, 15,000 restricted stock shares were forfeited. Our net income included stock based compensation expense in connection with prior restricted stock grants of approximately $0.3 million for the three months ended December 31, 2020 and $0.7 million for the six months ended December 31, 2020. Our net income included stock based compensation expense of approximately $0.5 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019, and $0.9 million for the six months ended December 31, 2019.

 

Deferred Compensation Plan

 

Effective July 16, 2020, the Board of Directors approved and adopted a Non-Qualified Incentive Plan (the “Incentive Plan”). Pursuant to the Incentive Plan, the Human Resources Committee and the Board of Directors may make deferred cash payments or other cash awards (“Awards”) to directors, officers, employees and eligible consultants of NAI (“Participants”). These Awards are made subject to conditions precedent that must be met before NAI is obligated to make the payment. The purpose of the Incentive Plan is to enhance the long-term stockholder value of NAI by providing the Human Resources Committee and the Board of Directors the ability to make deferred cash payments or other cash awards to encourage Participants to serve NAI or to remain in the service of NAI, or to assist NAI to achieve results determined by the Human Resources Committee or the Board of Directors to be in NAI's best interest.

 

The Incentive Plan authorizes the Human Resources Committee or the Board of Directors to grant to, and administer, unsecured and deferred cash Awards to Participants and to subject each Award to whatever conditions are determined appropriate by the Human Resources Committee or the Board of Directors. The terms of each Award, including the amount and any conditions that must be met to be entitled to payment of the Award are set forth in an Award Agreement between each Participant and NAI. The Incentive Plan provides the Board of Directors with the discretion to set aside assets to fund the Incentive Plan although that has not been done to date.

 

On July 16, 2020, deferred cash awards of $1.0 million were granted to various officers, directors and employees of NAI pursuant to the Incentive Plan, each providing for three equal cash payments to the applicable Participant to be paid on the one year, and two year, and three year anniversary of the date of the grant of such Award (the “Award Date”); provided that, on the date of each payment (the “Payment Date”), the Participant has been since Award Date, and continues to be through the Payment Date, a member of our Board of Directors or an employee of NAI. In the event a Participant ceases to be an employee of NAI or a member of our Board of Directors prior to any Payment Date, no further payments shall be made in connection with the Award.

 

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

Except for cash and cash equivalents, as of December 31, 2020 and June 30, 2020, we did not have any financial assets or liabilities classified as Level 1.

 

We classify derivative forward exchange contracts as Level 2 assets and liabilities. The fair value of our forward exchange contracts as of December 31, 2020 was a net liability of $3.6 million. The fair values were determined by obtaining pricing from our bank and corroborating those values with a third party bank.

 

We also classify our outstanding line of credit balance as a Level 2 liability, as the fair value is based on inputs that can be derived from information available in publicly quoted markets. As of December 31, 2020, and June 30, 2020, we did not have any financial assets or liabilities classified as Level 3.

 

We did not transfer any assets or liabilities between levels during the three and six months ended December 31, 2020 or the three and six months ended December 31, 2019. 

 

 

 

COVID-19 Pandemic

 

We continue to monitor and evaluate the risks to public health and the impact on overall global business activity related to the COVID-19 pandemic, including its potential impacts on our employees, customers, suppliers and financial results. As the situation remains fluid, it is difficult to predict the duration and scope of the pandemic and its impact on our business. However, it may result in a material adverse impact to our financial position, operations and cash flows if conditions persist or worsen.

 

 

B. Inventories, net

 

Inventories, net consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

  

December 31,

2020

  

June 30,

2020

 

Raw materials

 $22,531  $20,863 

Work in progress

  5,000   3,447 

Finished goods

  7,663   4,936 

Reserve

  (728

)

  (1,274

)

  $34,466  $27,972 

 

The inventory reserve includes $0.5 million as of December 31, 2020 and $1.0 million as of June 30, 2020 related to one of our former customers, Kaged Muscle. We are working with this former customer to transition to a replacement manufacturer, including the transfer of inventory items we hold specific to this customer. However, due to the uncertainty regarding the future operations of this former customer, we recorded a reserve against inventory specific to this customer equal to the estimated net realizable value of those items. Since establishing the reserve, we have reduced the reserve due to amounts purchased by the former customer and their new contract manufacturer. During the three months ended December 31, 2020, we reduced our inventory reserve related to this customer by $0.3 million. During the six months ended December 31, 2020, we reduced our inventory reserve related to this customer by $0.5 million.

 

 

C. Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

  

Depreciable Life

In Years

  

December 31,

2020

  

June 30,

2020

 

Land

 

NA

  $1,200  $1,200 

Building and building improvements

  739   3,748   3,743 

Machinery and equipment

  312   36,244   33,405 

Office equipment and furniture

  35   5,388   5,318 

Vehicles

   3    255   255 

Leasehold improvements

  115   18,151   18,031 

Total property and equipment

        64,986   61,952 

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization

        (42,577

)

  (40,429

)

Property and equipment, net

       $22,409  $21,523 

 

 

 

 

 D. Other Comprehensive Loss

 

Other comprehensive (loss) income (“OCL” and “OCI”) consisted of the following during the three and six months ended December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 (in thousands):

  

  

Three Months Ended

  

Six Months Ended

 
  

December 31, 2020

  

December 31, 2020

 
      

Unrealized

          

Unrealized

     
  

Defined

  

Gains

      

Defined

  

Gains

     
  

Benefit

  

(Losses) on

      

Benefit

  

(Losses) on

     
  

Pension

  

Cash Flow

      

Pension

  

Cash Flow

     
  

Plan

  

Hedges

  

Total

  

Plan

  

Hedges

  

Total

 

Beginning Balance

 $(888

)

 $(1,415

)

 $(2,303

)

 $(888

)

 $(295

)

 $(1,183

)

OCI/OCL before reclassifications

  -   (1,850

)

  (1,850

)

  -   (3,913

)

  (3,913

)

Amounts reclassified from OCI

  -   737   737   -   1,341   1,341 

Tax effect of OCI activity

  -   259   259   -   598   598 

Net current period OCI/OCL

  -   (854

)

  (854

)

  -   (1,974

)

  (1,974

)

                         

Ending Balance

 $(888

)

 $(2,269

)

 $(3,157) $(888

)

 $(2,269

)

 $(3,157)

 

 

 

  

Three Months Ended

  

Six Months Ended

 
  

December 31, 2019

  

December 31, 2019

 
      

Unrealized

          

Unrealized

     
  

Defined

  

Gains

      

Defined

  

Gains

     
  

Benefit

  

(Losses) on

      

Benefit

  

(Losses) on

     
  

Pension

  

Cash Flow

      

Pension

  

Cash Flow

     
  

Plan

  

Hedges

  

Total

  

Plan

  

Hedges

  

Total

 

Beginning Balance

 $(565

)

 $1,116  $551  $(491

)

 $783  $292 

ASU 2018-02 Adjustment

  -   -   -   (74

)

  (54

)

  (128

)

OCI/OCL before reclassifications

  -   (369

)

  (369

)

  -   932   932 

Amounts reclassified from OCI

  -   (808

)

  (808

)

  -   (1,612

)

  (1,612

)

Tax effect of OCI activity

  -   274   274   -   164   164 

Net current period OCI/OCL

  -   (903

)

  (903

)

  (74)  (570

)

  (644

)

                         

Ending Balance

 $(565

)

 $213  $(352) $(565

)

 $213  $(352)

 

ASU 2018-02, “Income Statement-Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income”, allowed for a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income (OCI) to retained earnings for stranded tax effects resulting from the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. Under this ASU, we reclassified $0.1 million of gains from OCI to retained earnings for the six months ended December 30, 2019.

 

 

E. Leases

 

On July 1, 2019, we adopted FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”), Topic 842, Leases, or ASC 842, which requires the recognition of the “Right of Use Assets” and related operating and finance lease liabilities on the balance sheet. As permitted by ASC 842, we elected the adoption date of July 1, 2019, which is the date of initial application. Under ASC 842, all leases are required to be recorded on the balance sheet and are classified as either operating leases or finance leases. The lease classification affects the expense recognition in the income statement. Operating lease expenses are recorded entirely in operating expenses. Finance lease charges are split, where amortization of the Right of Use Asset is recorded in operating expenses and an implied interest component is recorded in interest expense. The expense recognition for operating leases and finance leases under ASC 842 is substantially consistent with ASC 840. As a result, there is no material difference in our results of operations presented in our Condensed Consolidated Statement of Income and Comprehensive Income for each period presented.

 

 

We adopted ASC 842 using a modified retrospective approach for all leases existing at July 1, 2019. The adoption of ASC 842 had a substantial impact on our balance sheet. The most significant impact was the recognition of the operating lease Right of Use Assets and the liability for operating leases. Upon adoption, leases that were previously classified as operating leases under ASC 840 were classified as operating leases under ASC 842, and we recorded an adjustment of $20.7 million to operating lease Right of Use Assets and an adjustment of $20.9 million to the related lease liability. The lease liability is based on the present value of the remaining minimum lease payments, determined under ASC 840, discounted using our secured incremental borrowing rate at the effective date of July 1, 2019, and using the expected lease term(s), including any optional renewals, as the length of time over which to discount payments. As permitted under ASC 842, we elected several practical expedients that permit us to not reassess (1) whether existing contracts are or contain a lease, (2) the classification of existing leases, and (3) whether previously capitalized costs continue to qualify as initial indirect costs. The application of the practical expedients did not have a significant impact on the measurement of the operating lease liability.

 

Other information related to leases was as follows (in thousands):

 

  

Three Months Ended

  

Six Months Ended

 

Supplemental Cash Flows Information

 

December 31, 2020

  

December 31, 2019

  

December 31, 2020

  

December 31, 2019

 

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of operating lease liabilities

 $826  $791  $1,646  $1,566 

Operating lease liabilities arising from obtaining Right of Use Assets for new leases

            

Operating lease liabilities arising from recording Right of Use Assets upon adoption of ASC 842

     20,897      20,897 

 

We lease substantially all of our product manufacturing and support office space used to conduct our business. For contracts entered into on or after July 1, 2019, at the inception of a contract we assess whether the contract is, or contains, a lease. Our assessment is based on: (1) whether the contract involves the use of a distinct identified asset, (2) whether we obtain the right to substantially all the economic benefit from the use of the asset throughout the period of the contract, and (3) whether we have the right to direct the use of the asset during such time period. At inception of a lease, we allocate the consideration in the contract to each lease component based on its relative stand-alone price to determine the lease payments.

 

Leases are classified as either finance leases or operating leases. A lease must be classified as a finance lease if any of the following criteria are met: the lease transfers ownership of the asset by the end of the lease term, the lease contains an option to purchase the asset that is reasonably certain to be exercised, the lease term is for a major part of the remaining useful life of the asset or the present value of the lease payments equals or exceeds substantially all of the fair value of the asset. A lease is classified as an operating lease if it does not meet any of these criteria. Substantially all our operating leases are comprised of payments for the use of manufacturing space. We have no leases classified as finance leases. As of December 31, 2020, the weighted average remaining lease term for our operating leases was 6.8 years and the weighted average discount rate for our operating leases was 3.25%. As of June 30, 2020, the weighted average remaining lease term for our operating leases was 7.2 years and the weighted average discount rate was 3.24%.

 

For all leases at the lease commencement date, a Right of Use Asset and a lease liability are recognized. The Right of Use Asset represents the right to use the leased asset for the lease term. The lease liability represents the present value of the lease payments under the lease.

 

The Right of Use Asset is initially measured at cost, which primarily comprises the initial amount of the lease liability, plus any initial direct costs incurred, consisting mainly of brokerage commissions, less any lease incentives received. All Right of Use Assets are reviewed for impairment. The lease liability is initially measured at the present value of the lease payments, discounted using the interest rate implicit in the lease or, if that rate cannot be readily determined, our secured incremental borrowing rate for the same term as the underlying lease. For our real estate and other operating leases, we use our secured incremental borrowing rate.

 

Lease payments included in the measurement of the lease liability comprise the following: the fixed noncancelable lease payments, payments for optional renewal periods where it is reasonably certain the renewal period will be exercised, and payments for early termination options unless it is reasonably certain the lease will not be terminated early.

 

Some of our manufacturing leases contain variable lease payments, including payments based on an index or rate. Variable lease payments based on an index or rate are initially measured using the index or rate in effect at lease commencement and separated into lease and non-lease components based on the initial amount stated in the lease or standalone selling prices. Lease components are included in the measurement of the initial lease liability. Additional payments based on the change in an index or rate, or payments based on a change in our portion of the operating expenses, including real estate taxes and insurance, are recorded as a period expense when incurred. Lease modifications result in remeasurement of the lease liability.

 

 

Lease expense for operating leases consists of the lease payments plus any initial direct costs, primarily brokerage commissions, and is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Included in lease expense are any variable lease payments incurred in the period that were not included in the initial lease liability. Lease expense for finance leases consists of the amortization of the Right of Use Asset on a straight-line basis over the lease term and interest expense determined on an amortized cost basis. The lease payments are allocated between a reduction of the lease liability and interest expense.

 

We have elected not to recognize Right of Use Assets and lease liabilities for short-term leases that have a term of 12 months or less. The effect of short-term leases if we had used Right of Use Assets and lease liabilities would not have been material.

 

 

F. Debt

 

On July 1, 2019, we executed an amendment to our credit facility with Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. to extend the maturity date for our working line of credit from February 1, 2021, to November 1, 2022. The Credit Agreement provides us with a credit line of up to $10.0 million. The line of credit may be used to finance working capital requirements. There was no commitment fee required as part of this amendment.

 

Under the terms of the Credit Agreement, borrowings are subject to eligibility requirements including maintaining (i) a ratio of total liabilities to tangible net worth of not greater than 1.25 to 1.0 at any time; and (ii) a ratio of total current assets to total current liabilities of not less than 1.75 to 1.0 at each fiscal quarter end. Any amounts outstanding under the line of credit will bear interest at a fixed or fluctuating interest rate as elected by us from time to time; provided, however, that if the outstanding principal amount is less than $100,000 such amount shall bear interest at the then applicable fluctuating rate of interest. If elected, the fluctuating rate per annum would be equal to 1.25% above the daily one month LIBOR rate as in effect from time to time. If a fixed rate is elected, it would equal a per annum rate of 1.25% above the LIBOR rate in effect on the first day of the applicable fixed rate term. Any amounts outstanding under the line of credit must be paid in full on or before the maturity date. Amounts outstanding that are subject to a fluctuating interest rate may be prepaid at any time without penalty. Amounts outstanding that are subject to a fixed interest rate may be prepaid at any time in minimum amounts of $100,000, subject to a prepayment fee equal to the sum of the discounted monthly differences between payment under a fixed rate versus payment under the variable rate for each month from the month of prepayment through the month in which the then applicable fixed rate term matures. During the six months ended December 31, 2020, we were in compliance with all of the financial and other covenants required under the Credit Agreement.

 

Our obligations under the Credit Agreement are secured by our accounts receivable and other rights to payment, general intangibles, inventory, equipment and fixtures. We also have credit approval with Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. which allows us to hedge foreign currency exposures up to 30 months in the future. We also have credit approval with Bank of America which allows us to hedge foreign currency exposures up to 24 months in the future.

 

In light of the global economic uncertainty related to COVID-19 and as a preventative measure to provide our business with potentially necessary liquidity, and out of an abundance of caution, we withdrew $10 million from our credit facility with Wells Fargo during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2020. While we have not yet experienced any significant negative effects related to COVID-19 and notwithstanding our belief that our cash position and working capital excluding this $10.0 million borrowing is sufficient to support our ongoing operations, we deemed it prudent to borrow against our line of credit to ensure that such funds would be available to us if and when we need them. As of December 31, 2020, we did not have any remaining availability under our credit facilities.

 

On February 2, 2021 we repaid the entire balance of our $10.0 million credit line with Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. bringing our outstanding debt under the line to zero and increasing our amount available for borrowing to $10.0 million.

 

 

G. Economic Dependency

 

We had substantial net sales to certain customers during the periods shown in the following table. The loss of any of these customers, or a significant decline in (i) sales to these customers, (ii) the growth rate of sales to these customers, or (iii) these customers’ ability to make payments when due, each individually could have a material adverse impact on our net sales and net income. Net sales to any one customer representing 10% or more of the respective period's consolidated net sales were as follows (in thousands):

  

  

Three Months Ended

December 31,

  

Six Months Ended

December 31,

 
  

2020

  

2019

  

2020

  

2019

 
                 

Customer 1

 $24,827  $12,422  $48,785  $26,776 

Customer 2

  8,910   5,539   11,716   9,509 
  $33,737  $17,961  $60,501  $36,285 

 

 

We buy certain products, including beta-alanine, from a limited number of raw material suppliers who meet our quality standards. The loss of any of these suppliers could have a material adverse impact on our net sales and net income. Raw material purchases from any one supplier representing 10% or more of the respective period’s total raw material purchases were as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

  

Three Months Ended

December 31,

  

Six Months Ended

December 31,

 
  

2020

  

2019

  

2020

  

2019

 
                 

Supplier 1

 $6,412   1,734  $9,787   3,227 
  $6,412   1,734  $9,787   3,227 

 

 

Financial instruments that subject us to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents and accounts receivable. We place our cash and cash equivalents with highly rated financial institutions. Credit risk with respect to receivables is concentrated with two of our largest customers, whose receivable balances collectively represented 59.0% of gross accounts receivable at December 31, 2020 and 65.7% at June 30, 2020. As of December 31, 2020 and June 30, 2020, we had a receivable balance of $3.3 million from a former contract manufacturing customer that we have recorded a bad debt reserve equal to 100% of this outstanding balance and thus did not reflect it in the percentages listed above. Additionally, amounts due related to our beta-alanine raw material sales were 4.5% of gross accounts receivable at December 31, 2020, and 2.5% of gross accounts receivable at June 30, 2020. Concentrations of credit risk related to the remaining accounts receivable balances are limited due to the number of customers comprising our remaining customer base.

 

 

H. Segment Information

 

Our business consists of two segments for financial reporting purposes. The two segments are identified as (i) private-label contract manufacturing, which primarily relates to the provision of private-label contract manufacturing services to companies that market and distribute nutritional supplements and other health care products, and (ii) patent and trademark licensing, which primarily includes direct raw material sales and royalty income from our license and supply agreements associated with the sale and use of beta-alanine under our CarnoSyn® and SR CarnoSyn® trade names.

 

We evaluate performance of these segments based on a number of factors. The primary performance measures for each segment are net sales and income or loss from operations before the allocation of certain corporate level expenses. Operating income or loss for each segment does not include corporate general and administrative expenses, interest expense and other miscellaneous income and expense items. Corporate general and administrative expenses include, but are not limited to human resources, corporate legal, finance, information technology, and other corporate level related expenses, which are not allocated to any segment. Transfers of raw materials between segments are recorded at cost. The accounting policies of our segments are the same as those described in the summary of significant accounting policies in Note A. above and in the consolidated financial statements included in our 2020 Annual Report.

 

Our operating results by business segment were as follows (in thousands):

 

  

Three Months Ended

December 31,

  

Six Months Ended

December 31,

 
  

2020

  

2019

  

2020

  

2019

 

Net Sales

                

Private label contract manufacturing

 $45,326  $24,831  $82,373  $50,841 

Patent and trademark licensing

  2,757   4,272   5,436   7,457 

Total Net Sales

 $48,083  $29,103  $87,809  $58,298 

 

 

  

Three Months Ended

December 31,

  

Six Months Ended

December 31,

 
  

2020

  

2019

  

2020

  

2019

 

Income from Operations

                

Private label contract manufacturing

 $6,843  $1,697  $10,270  $3,312 

Patent and trademark licensing

  529   842   1,199   1,054 

Income from operations of reportable segments

  7,372   2,539   11,469   4,366 

Corporate expenses not allocated to segments

  (1,980

)

  (1,841

)

  (3,992

)

  (3,723

)

Total Income from Operations

 $5,392  $698  $7,477  $643 

 

  

December 31,

2020

  

June 30,

2020

 

Total Assets

        

Private-label contract manufacturing

 $104,072  $100,094 

Patent and trademark licensing

  21,447   20,109 
  $125,519  $120,203 

 

Our private-label contract manufacturing products are sold both in the U.S. and in markets outside the U.S., including Europe, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and Asia. Our primary markets outside the U.S. are Europe and Asia. Our patent and trademark licensing activities are primarily based in the U.S.

 

Net sales by geographic region, based on the customers’ location, were as follows (in thousands):

 

  

Three Months Ended

December 31,

  

Six Months Ended

December 31,

 
  

2020

  

2019

  

2020

  

2019

 
                 

United States

 $23,074  $17,591  $42,860  $35,776 

Markets outside of the United States

  25,009   11,512   44,949   22,522 

Total

 $48,083  $29,103  $87,809  $58,298 

 

Products manufactured by our Swiss subsidiary ("NAIE") accounted for 83% of net sales in markets outside the U.S. for the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 85% for the six months ended December 31, 2020. Products manufactured by NAIE accounted for 91% of net sales in markets outside the U.S. for the three months ended December 31, 2019 and 90% for the six months ended December 31, 2019. No products manufactured by NAIE were sold in U.S. markets during the three or six month periods ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.

 

Long-lived assets by geographic region, based on the location of the company or subsidiary at which they were located or made, were as follows (in thousands):

 

  

December 31, 2020

  

June 30, 2020

 

United States

 $21,313  $21,769 

Europe

  18,130   18,108 

Total Long-Lived Assets

 $39,443  $39,877 

 

Total assets by geographic region, based on the location of the company or subsidiary at which they were located or made, were as follows (in thousands):

 

  

December 31, 2020

  

June 30, 2020

 

United States

 $72,868  $66,489 

Europe

  52,651   53,714 

Total Assets

 $125,519  $120,203 

 

 

Capital expenditures by geographic region, based on the location of the company or subsidiary at which they were located or made, were as follows (in thousands):

 

  

Six Months Ended

 
  

December 31, 2020

  

December 31, 2019

 

United States

 $1,033  $578 

Europe

  2,001   1,055 

Total Capital Expenditures

 $3,034  $1,633 

 

 

 

I. Income Taxes

 

Our effective tax rate for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was 20.8% and the effective rate for the six months ended December 31, 2020 was 7.2%. Our effective rate for the six months ended December 31, 2020, differed from the fiscal 2021 U.S. federal statutory rate of 21% primarily due to a discrete tax benefit discussed below. The effective tax rate for the three months ended December 31, 2019 was 17.0% and the effective tax rate for the six months ended December 31, 2019 was 17.8%.

 

To determine our quarterly provision for income taxes, we use an estimated annual effective tax rate, which is based on expected annual income, statutory tax rates and tax planning opportunities available in the various jurisdictions to which we are subject. Certain significant or unusual items are separately recognized in the quarter in which they occur and can be a source of variability in the effective tax rate from quarter to quarter. We recognize interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions, if any, as an income tax expense.

 

The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”) was enacted on March 27, 2020 in the United States. The CARES Act and related notices include several significant provisions, including delaying certain payroll tax payments, mandatory transition tax payments under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“TCJ Act”), and estimated income tax payments. The CARES Act also allows net operating losses (NOL) to be carried back five years. We expect to use this carryback period for the NOL generated with our June 30, 2020 federal tax return, and have recorded a discrete tax benefit in the current quarter, as discussed below.

 

On July 23, 2020, the Department of Treasury issued final regulations which provide an exclusion to the global intangible low-taxed income (GILTI) calculation on an elective basis. These regulations were effective September 21, 2020 and may be retroactively applied. Under these new regulations, we are able to exclude the GILTI calculation from our domestic taxable income if the deemed effective tax rate at our foreign subsidiary is greater than 18.9%. We assessed this rate, including the implementation of certain tax strategies, and we have determined that our effective rate at NAIE is greater than 18.9% as of the year ending June 30, 2020. We reassessed our estimated taxes for fiscal 2020 and in the six months ended December 31, 2020 we recorded a reduction to our fiscal 2020 estimated taxes of $0.4 million as a discrete benefit. As a result of this adjustment, we now expect our domestic tax return for fiscal 2020 will reflect a net operating loss and, in accordance with the CARES ACT, we plan on carrying this loss back to fiscal 2015, which reflected a higher federal tax rate. Due to this rate differential we have recorded a permanent discrete tax benefit of $0.3 million during the six months ended December 31, 2020. As a result of this tax planning strategy for NAIE, during the six months ended December 31, 2020 we have recorded additional foreign estimated tax expense of $0.4 million and we have reversed our deferred tax liability of $0.5 million.

 

We had no significant discrete tax items for the three months ended December 31, 2020, or for the three and six months ended December 31, 2019.

 

We record valuation allowances to reduce our deferred tax assets to an amount we believe is more likely than not to be realized. In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, management considers whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which those temporary differences become deductible. During the three and six months ended December 31, 2020, there was no change to our valuation allowance for our deferred tax assets.

 

Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates for each of the jurisdictions in which we operate. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled using the tax rates then in effect. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized as income or expense in the period that includes the enactment date for such new rates.

 

We are subject to taxation in Switzerland and in the U.S. at the federal level and in various state jurisdictions. Our tax years for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017 and forward are subject to examination by the U.S. tax authorities. Our tax years for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2007 and forward are subject to examination by the state tax authorities. Our tax years for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2019 and forward are subject to examination by the Swiss tax authorities.

 

 

It is our policy to establish reserves based on management’s assessment of exposure for certain positions taken in previously filed tax returns that may become payable upon audit by tax authorities. Our tax reserves are analyzed quarterly, and adjustments are made as events occur that we believe warrant adjustments to those reserves. There were no adjustments to reserves in the three and six month periods ended December 31, 2020.

  

 

J. Treasury Stock

 

On September 18, 2020, the Board of Directors authorized a $2.0 million increase to our stock repurchase plan (“Repurchase Plan”), thus bringing the total authorized repurchase amount to $12.0 million. Under the Repurchase Plan, we may, from time to time, purchase shares of our common stock, depending upon market conditions, in open market or privately negotiated transactions.

 

During the three months ended December 31, 2020 we repurchased 175,123 shares at a weighted average cost of $9.72 per share and a total cost of $1.7 million under this Repurchase Plan. During the six months ended December 31, 2020 we repurchased 410,513 shares at a weighted average cost of $8.38 per share and a total cost of $3.4 million under this Repurchase Plan. Included in the repurchases for the three and six months ended December 31, 2020, was 30,442 shares acquired from employees and directors in connection with exercises of stock options. During the three months ended December 31, 2019 we repurchased 150,307 shares at a weighted average cost of $8.33 per share and a total cost of $1.3 million under this Repurchase Plan. During the six months ended December 31, 2019 we repurchased 151,338 shares at weighted average cost of $8.33 per share and a total cost of $1.3 million under this Repurchase Plan.

 

During the three months ended December 31, 2020, we acquired 7,744 shares from employees in connection with restricted stock shares that vested during that period at a weighted average cost of $7.40 per share and a total cost of $57,000. During the six months ended December 31, 2020, we acquired 8,436 shares from employees in connection with restricted stock shares that vested during that period at a weighted average cost of $7.34 per share and a total cost of $62,000. During the three months ended December 31, 2019 we acquired 7,644 shares from employees in connection with restricted stock shares that vested during that period at a weighted average cost of $8.67 per share and a total cost of $66,000. During the six months ended December 31, 2019, we acquired 8,330 shares from employees in connection with restricted stock shares that vested during that period at a weighted average cost of $8.74 per share and a total cost of $73,000. These shares were returned to us by the subject employees and in exchange we paid each employee’s required tax withholding liability incurred due to the vesting of their restricted stock shares during that period. The valuation of the shares we acquired and the number of shares returned to us was calculated based on the closing share price on the date the shares vested.

 

 

K. Derivatives and Hedging

 

We are exposed to gains and losses resulting from fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates relating to forecasted product sales and expenditures denominated in foreign currencies and to other transactions of NAIE, our foreign subsidiary. As part of our overall strategy to manage the level of exposure to the risk of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, we may use foreign exchange contracts in the form of forward contracts. To the extent we enter into such contracts, there can be no guarantee any such contracts will be effective hedges against our foreign currency exchange risk.

 

As of December 31, 2020, we had forward contracts designated as cash flow hedges primarily to protect against the foreign exchange risks inherent in our forecasted sales of products at prices denominated in currencies other than the U.S. Dollar. These contracts are expected to be settled through August 2022. For derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as cash flow hedges, we record the effective portion of the gain or loss on the derivative in accumulated other comprehensive income (“OCI”) as a separate component of stockholders’ equity and subsequently reclassify these amounts into earnings in the period during which the hedged transaction is recognized in earnings.

 

For foreign currency contracts designated as cash flow hedges, hedge effectiveness is measured using the spot rate. Changes in the spot-forward differential are excluded from the test of hedge effectiveness and are recorded currently in earnings as interest income or expense. We measure effectiveness by comparing the cumulative change in the hedge contract with the cumulative change in the hedged item. No hedging relationships were terminated as a result of ineffective hedging for the three or six months ended December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

We monitor the probability of forecasted transactions as part of the hedge effectiveness testing on a quarterly basis. During the three or six months ended December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, we did not have any losses or gains related to the ineffective portion of our hedging instruments.

 

For foreign currency contracts not designated as cash flow hedges, changes in the fair value of the hedge are recorded directly to foreign exchange gain or loss in other income in an effort to offset the change in valuation of the underlying hedged item. During the three months ended December 31, 2020 we entered into a forward contract in order the hedge foreign exchange risk associated with our lease liability at NAIE, which is denominated in Swiss Francs (CHF).

 

 

As of December 31, 2020, the notional amounts of our foreign exchange contracts designated as cash flow hedges were approximately $53.5 million (EUR 46.5 million). As of December 31, 2020, a net loss of approximately $3.0 million related to derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges was recorded in OCI. It is expected that $2.5 million will be reclassified into earnings in the next 12 months along with the earnings effects of the related forecasted transactions.

 

As of December 31, 2020, the notional amounts of our foreign exchange contracts not designated as cash flow hedges were approximately $6.6 million (CHF 5.8 million).

 

As of December 31, 2020, $3.2 million of the fair value of our cash flow hedges was classified as a short term liability, and $0.4 million was classified as other noncurrent liabilities in our Consolidated Balance Sheets. During the three months ended December 31, 2020, we recognized $1.9 million of net losses in OCI, and reclassified $0.7 million of losses and forward point amortization from OCI to Sales. During the six months ended December 31, 2020, we recognized $3.9 million of net losses in OCI, and reclassified $1.3 million of losses and forward point amortization from OCI to Sales. As of June 30, 2020, $0.5 million of the fair value of our cash flow hedges was classified as a current asset, and $0.2 million was classified as a long-term liability in our Consolidated Balance Sheets. During the three months ended December 31, 2019, we recognized $0.4 million of net losses in OCI, and reclassified $0.8 million of gains and forward point amortization from OCI to Sales. During the six months ended December 31, 2019, we recognized $0.9 million of net gains in OCI, reclassified $1.6 million of gains and forward point amortization from OCI to Sales, and reclassified $54,000 of gains from OCI to Other Income.

 

 

L. Contingencies

 

From time to time, we become involved in various investigations, claims and legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of our business. These matters may relate to product liability, employment, intellectual property, regulatory, contract or other matters. The resolution of these matters as they arise may be subject to various uncertainties and, even if such claims are without merit, could result in the expenditure of significant financial and managerial resources. While unfavorable outcomes are possible, based on available information, we currently do not believe the resolution of these matters will result in a material adverse effect on our business, consolidated financial condition, or results of operations. However, a settlement payment or unfavorable outcome could be greater than we currently anticipate and if so, could adversely impact our results of operations. Our evaluation of the likely impact of these actions could change in the future and we could have unfavorable outcomes we do not expect.

 

 

M. Subsequent Event

 

On February 2, 2021 we repaid the entire balance of our $10.0 million credit line with Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. bringing our outstanding debt under the line to zero and increasing our amount available for borrowing to $10.0 million.

  

 

 

ITEM 2.     MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion and analysis is intended to help you understand our financial condition and results of operations for the three and six months ended December 31, 2020. You should read the following discussion and analysis together with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements included under Item 1 in this Report, as well as the risk factors and other information included in our 2020 Annual Report and other reports and documents we file with the SEC. Our future financial condition and results of operations will vary from our historical financial condition and results of operations described below based on a variety of factors.

 

Executive Overview

 

The following overview does not address all of the matters covered in the other sections of this Item 2 or other items in this Report nor does it contain all of the information that may be important to our stockholders or the investing public. You should read this overview in conjunction with the other sections of this Item 2 and this Report.

 

Our primary business activity is providing private-label contract manufacturing services to companies that market and distribute vitamins, minerals, herbal and other nutritional supplements, as well as other health care products, to consumers both within and outside the U.S. Historically, our revenue has been largely dependent on sales to two or three private-label contract manufacturing customers and subject to variations in the timing of such customers’ orders, which in turn is impacted by such customers’ internal marketing programs, supply chain management, entry into new markets, new product introductions, the demand for such customers’ products, and general industry and economic conditions. Our revenue also includes raw material sales and royalty and licensing revenue generated from license and supply agreements with third parties, granting them the right to use our patents, trademarks and other intellectual property in connection with the distribution and use of the ingredient known as beta-alanine sold under our CarnoSyn® and SR CarnoSyn® trademarks.

 

A cornerstone of our business strategy is to achieve long-term growth and profitability and to diversify our sales base. We have sought and expect to continue to seek to diversify our sales by developing relationships with additional, quality-oriented, private-label contract manufacturing customers, and commercializing our patent estate through sales of beta-alanine under our CarnoSyn® and SR CarnoSyn® trade names, royalties from license agreements, and potentially additional contract manufacturing opportunities with licensees.

 

During the first six months of fiscal 2021, our net sales were 51% higher than in the first six months of fiscal 2020. Private-label contract manufacturing sales increased 62% due to higher sales from a majority of our distribution channels worldwide primarily due to increased shipments of existing products and sales of newly awarded products. This sales increase was partially offset by a reduction in sales as a result of a discontinued customer relationship. Revenue concentration risk for our largest private-label contract manufacturing customer as a percentage of our total net sales increased from 46% for the first six months of fiscal 2020 to 56% for the first six months of fiscal 2021. We expect our annualized fiscal year 2021 revenue concentration for this customer to be higher than fiscal year 2020.

 

During the first six months of fiscal 2021, CarnoSyn® beta-alanine revenue decreased 27% to $5.4 million, compared to revenue of $7.5 million for the first six months of fiscal 2020. The decrease in beta-alanine revenue was due to decreased material shipments primarily resulting from certain of our former customers discontinuing the use of CarnoSyn® beta-alanine in favor of generic beta-alanine and the negative impact COVID-19 has had on the sports nutrition industry due to continued limitations on athletic activities and gyms, with such decrease being partially offset by higher average sales prices.

 

We continue to invest in research and development for our SR CarnoSyn® sustained release delivery system. We believe SR CarnoSyn® may provide a unique opportunity within the growing Wellness and Healthy Aging markets. We believe our ongoing efforts to refine our formulations and product offerings will be positively received and result in significant opportunity for increased SR CarnoSyn® sales.

 

To protect our CarnoSyn® business and our patents, trademarks and other intellectual property, we incurred litigation and patent compliance expenses of approximately $0.7 million during the first six months of fiscal 2021 as compared to $1.4 million during the comparable period in fiscal 2020. The decrease in these legal expenses on a year over year basis was primarily due to the successful resolution of several cases that were settled. Our ability to maintain or further increase our beta-alanine royalty and licensing revenue will depend in large part on our ability to develop a market for our sustained release form of beta-alanine marketed under our SR CarnoSyn® trademark, maintain our patent rights, obtain the raw material beta-alanine when and in the amounts needed, expand distribution of beta-alanine to new and existing customers, and on the continued compliance by third parties with our license agreements and our patent, trademark and other intellectual property rights. During the remainder of fiscal 2021, we will continue our sales and marketing activities to consumers, customers, potential customers, and brand owners on multiple platforms to promote and reinforce the features and benefits of utilizing CarnoSyn® and SR CarnoSyn® beta-alanine.

 

 

Based on our current sales order volumes and future period sales forecasts received from our customers, we continue to expect our annualized fiscal 2021 net sales to increase between 30% and 50% as compared to fiscal 2020. We also expect to generate operating income between 5% and 7% of net sales for our fiscal year ending June 30, 2021. There can be no assurance our expectations will result in the currently anticipated increase in net sales, or operating income. Notwithstanding, we are closely monitoring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Currently we cannot reliably estimate the length of time or severity of the pandemic, and cannot reliably estimate the total impact this pandemic may have on our consolidated financial results for the remainder of fiscal 2021 and beyond.

 

Impact of COVID-19 on Our Business

 

On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization classified the novel coronavirus, or COVID-19, as a pandemic. The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted, and is likely to continue to result, in significant economic disruption and has and will likely affect our business. Significant uncertainty exists concerning the magnitude of the impact and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic. Our facilities, located both in the United States and Europe, continue to operate as an essential and critical manufacturer in accordance with applicable federal, state, and local regulations, however, there can be no assurance our facilities will continue to operate without interruption. Factors that derive from COVID-19 and the accompanying regulatory and market response, and that have or may negatively impact sales and gross margin in the future include, but are not limited to the following:

 

 

Limitations on the ability of our suppliers to manufacture, or procure from manufacturers, the products we sell, or to meet delivery requirements and commitments;

 

Limitations on the ability of our employees to perform their work due to illness caused by the pandemic or due to other restrictions on our employees to keep them safe and the increased cost of measures taken to ensure employee health and safety;

 

Local, state, or federal orders requiring employees to remain at home;

 

Limitations on the ability of carriers to deliver our products to customers;

 

Limitations on the ability of our customers to conduct their business and purchase our products and services; and

 

Limitations on the ability of our customers to pay us on a timely basis.

 

We will continue to actively monitor the situation and may take further actions to alter our business operations as may be required by federal, state or local authorities or that we determine are in the best interests of our employees, customers, suppliers and shareholders. While we are unable to determine or predict the nature, duration, or scope of the overall impact the COVID-19 pandemic will have on our business, results of operations, liquidity or capital resources, we believe we will be able to remain operational and our working capital will be sufficient for us to remain operational even as the longer term consequences of this pandemic become known.

 

During the remainder of fiscal year 2021, we also plan to continue our focus on:

 

 

Leveraging our state-of-the-art, certified facilities to increase the value of the goods and services we provide to our highly valued private-label contract manufacturing customers, and to assist us developing relationships with additional quality oriented customers;

 

 

 

 

Expanding the commercialization of our beta-alanine patent estate through raw material sales, developing a new sales distribution channel under the Wellness and Healthy Aging category for our sustained release form of beta-alanine marketed under our SR CarnoSyn® trademark, exploiting new contract manufacturing opportunities license and royalty agreements, and protecting our proprietary rights; and

 

 

 

 

Improving operational efficiencies and managing costs and business risks to improve profitability.

 

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

The preparation of our financial statements requires we make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in our financial statements and the accompanying notes. We have identified certain policies we believe are important to the accurate and complete portrayal of our financial condition and results of operations. These policies require the application of significant judgment by our management. We base our estimates on our historical experience, industry standards, and various other assumptions we believe are reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results could differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. An adverse effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, and results of operations could occur if circumstances change that alter the various assumptions or conditions used in such estimates or assumptions.

 

Our critical accounting policies are discussed under Item 7 of our 2020 Annual Report and recently adopted and issued accounting pronouncements are discussed under Item 1, Note A to our Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements contained in this Report.

 

Results of Operations

 

The results of our operations for the three and six months ended December 31 were as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

  

Three Months Ended

  

Six Months Ended

 
  

December 31,

  

December 31,

 
  

2020

  

2019

  

% Change

  

2020

  

2019

  

% Change

 

Private label contract manufacturing

 $45,326  $24,831   83

%

 $82,373  $50,841   62

%

Patent and trademark licensing

  2,757   4,272   (35

)%

  5,436   7,457   (27

)%

Total net sales

  48,083   29,103   65

%

  87,809   58,298   51

%

Cost of goods sold

  38,409   24,042   60

%

  72,130   48,853   48

%

Gross profit

  9,674   5,061   91

%

  15,679   9,445   66

%

Gross profit %

 

20.1

  

%

   17.4

%

      17.9

%

  16.2

%

                         

Selling, general and administrative expenses

  4,282   4,363   (2

)%

  8,202   8,802   (7

)%

% of net sales

  8.9

%

  15.0

%

      9.3

%

  15.1

%

    
                         

Income from operations

  5,392   698   672

%

  7,477   643   1,063

%

% of net sales

  11.2

%

  2.4

%

      8.5

%

  1.1

%

    
                         

Total other (loss) income

  (806

)

  (124

)

  (550

)%

  (1,127

)

  53   (2,226

)%

Income before income taxes

  4,586   574   699

%

  6,350   695   812

%

% of net sales

  9.5

%

  2.0

%

      7.2

%

  1.2

%

    
                         

Provision for income taxes

  954   98   873

%

  460   124   271

%

Net income

 $3,632  $476   663

%

 $5,890  $572   930

%

% of net sales

  7.6

%

  1.6

%

      6.7

%

  1.0

%

    


 

Private-label contract manufacturing net sales increased 83% during the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 62% during the six months ended December 31, 2020, when compared to the same period in the prior year. The increase was due primarily to sales of new products to new and existing customers and higher sales of existing product to existing customers, partially offset by a reduction due to a discontinued customer relationship.

 

Net sales from our patent and trademark licensing segment decreased 35% during the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 27% during the six months ended December 31, 2020, when compared to the same period in the prior year. The decrease in beta-alanine sales during the three and six months ended December 31, 2020 was due to decreased material shipments primarily resulting from certain of our former customers discontinuing the use of CarnoSyn® beta-alanine in favor of generic beta-alanine and the negative impact COVID-19 has had on the sports nutrition industry due to continued limitations on athletic activities and gyms, partially offset by an increase in average sales price.

 

 

The change in gross profit margin for the three and six months ended December 31, 2020, was as follows:

 

  

Three Months

  

Six Months

 
  

Ended

  

Ended

 
         

Contract manufacturing(1)

  7.6

%

  5.2

%

Patent and trademark licensing(2)

  (4.9

)

  (3.5

)

Total change in gross profit margin

  2.7

%

  1.7

%

 

 

1

Private-label contract manufacturing gross profit margin as a percentage of consolidated net sales increased 7.6 percentage points during the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 5.2 percentage points during the six months ended December 31, 2020, when compared to the comparable prior year period. The increase in gross profit as a percentage of sales for private-label contract manufacturing is primarily due to a marginal decrease in per unit manufacturing costs due to increased sales and a favorable shift in sales mix.

 

2

Patent and trademark licensing gross profit margin as a percentage of consolidated net sales decreased 4.9 percentage points during the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 3.5 percentage points during the six months ended December 31, 2020, when compared to the comparable prior year period. The decrease was primarily due to decreased patent and trademark licensing net sales as a percentage of total consolidated net sales.

  

Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased $0.1 million, or 2%, during the three months ended December 31, 2020, and decreased $0.6 million, or 7%, during the six months ended December 31, 2020, as compared to the comparable prior year period. Selling, general, and administrative expenses decreased primarily due to reduced litigation costs associated with our patent and trademark licensing business.

 

Other income, net, decreased $0.7 million during the three months ended December 31, 2020, and decreased $1.2 million during the six months ended December 31, 2020, when compared to the comparable period during the prior year. The decrease was primarily due to the unfavorable foreign exchange revaluation activity associated with our balance sheet and the fluctuations in unhedged foreign currency rates.

 

Our income tax expense increased $0.9 million during the three months ended December 31, 2020, and increased $0.4 million during the six months ended December 31, 2020. The increase for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was primarily related to an increase in pre-tax income, as compared to the three months ended December 31, 2019. The increase for the first six months of fiscal year 2021 as compared to the comparable period in fiscal year 2020 was primarily related to an increase in pre-tax income that was partially offset by a discrete tax benefit of $0.9 million recorded during the six months ended December 31, 2020.

 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Our primary sources of liquidity and capital resources are cash flows provided by operating activities and the availability of borrowings under our credit facility. Net cash provided by operating activities was $4.7 million for the six months ended December 31, 2020 compared to net cash provided by operating activities of $4.8 million in the comparable period in the prior fiscal year.

 

At December 31, 2020, changes in accounts receivable, consisting of amounts due from our private-label contract manufacturing customers and our patent and trademark licensing activities, used $0.1 million in cash compared to providing $1.7 million of cash during the comparable six month period in the prior year. The decrease in cash provided by accounts receivable during the six months ended December 31, 2020 primarily resulted from increased sales and the timing of sales and related collections. Days sales outstanding was 36 days during the six months ended December 31, 2020 as compared to 48 days for the same period during the prior year.

 

Changes in inventory used $6.5 million in cash during the six months ended December 31, 2020 compared to providing $3.4 million in the comparable prior year period. The change in cash related to inventory during the six months ended December 31, 2020 was primarily related to the difference in the amount and timing of orders and anticipated sales as compared to same period in the prior year. Changes in accounts payable and accrued liabilities provided $1.0 million in cash during the six months ended December 31, 2020 compared to using $2.7 million during the three months ended December 31, 2019. The change in cash flow activity related to accounts payable and accrued liabilities was primarily due to the timing of inventory receipts and payments.

 

Cash used in investing activities during the six months ended December 31, 2020 was $3.0 million compared to $1.6 million in the comparable period during the prior year. The primary reason for the change was due to increased capital equipment purchases during the six months ended December 31, 2020 as compared to the six months ended December 31, 2019. Capital expenditures during fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020 were primarily for manufacturing equipment used in our Vista, California and Manno, Switzerland facilities.

 

Cash used in financing activities for the six months ended December 31, 2020, was $3.5 million, compared to $1.3 million used in the comparable period during the prior year. This is due to increased repurchases of our stock.  

 

At December 31, 2020 we had $10.0 million due in connection with our loan facility. During the six months ended December 31, 2020, we were in compliance with all of the financial and other covenants required under the Credit Agreement. Refer to Item 1, Note F., "Debt," in this Quarterly Report, for terms of our Credit Agreement and additional information.

 

As of December 31, 2020, we had $28.6 million in cash and cash equivalents. We believe our available cash, cash equivalents and potential cash flows from operations will be sufficient to fund our current working capital needs and capital expenditures through the next 12 months.

 

On February 2, 2021 we repaid the entire balance of our $10.0 million credit line with Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. bringing our outstanding debt under the line to zero and increasing our amount available for borrowing to $10.0 million.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

As of December 31, 2020, we did not have any off-balance sheet debt nor did we have any transactions, arrangements, obligations (including contingent obligations) or other relationships with any unconsolidated entities or other persons that have or are reasonably likely to have a material current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures, capital resources, or significant components of revenue or expenses material to investors.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

Recent accounting pronouncements are discussed in the notes to our consolidated financial statements included under Item 1, Note A. of this Report. Other than those pronouncements, we are not aware of any other pronouncements that materially affect our financial position or results of operations.

 

 

ITEM 4.     CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

We maintain certain disclosure controls and procedures as defined under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. They are designed to help ensure that material information is: (1) gathered and communicated to our management, including our principal executive and financial officers, in a manner that allows for timely decisions regarding required disclosures; and (2) recorded, processed, summarized, reported and filed with the SEC as required under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and within the time periods specified by the SEC.

 

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer (principal financial and accounting officer), evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of December 31, 2020. Based on such evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective for their intended purpose described above as of December 31, 2020.

 

There were no other changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that occurred during the quarterly period ended December 31, 2020 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

 

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1.  LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

From time to time, we become involved in various investigations, claims and legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of our business. These matters may relate to intellectual property, product liability, employment, tax, regulation, contract or other matters. The resolution of these matters as they arise will be subject to various uncertainties and, even if such claims are without merit, could result in the expenditure of significant financial and managerial resources. While unfavorable outcomes are possible, based on available information, we currently do not believe the resolution of these matters, even if unfavorable, will result in a material adverse effect on our business, consolidated financial condition, or results of operations. However, a settlement payment or unfavorable outcome could adversely impact our results of operations. Our evaluation of the likely impact of these actions could change in the future and we could have unfavorable outcomes we do not expect. An unexpected settlement expense or an unexpected unfavorable outcome of a matter could adversely impact our results of operations.

 

As of February 9, 2021, neither NAI nor NAIE were a party to any material pending legal proceeding nor was any of our property the subject of any material pending legal proceeding. We are currently involved in several matters in the ordinary course of our business. 

 

There is no assurance NAI will prevail in these litigation matters or in similar proceedings NAI or others may initiate or that litigation expenses will not be greater than anticipated.

 

ITEM 1A.  RISK FACTORS

 

When evaluating our business and future prospects you should carefully consider the risks described under Item 1A of our 2020 Annual Report, as well as the other information in our 2020 Annual Report, this Report and other reports and documents we file with the SEC. If any of the identified risks actually occur, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be seriously harmed. In that event, the market price of our common stock could decline, and you could lose all or a portion of the value of your investment in our common stock.

 

ITEM 2.  UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

 

We did not sell any unregistered equity securities during the three month periods ended December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

Repurchases

 

During the three months ended December 31, 2020 we repurchased 175,123 shares of our common stock at a total cost of $1.7 million (including commissions and transaction fees) as set forth below:

  

Period

 

Total Number of

Shares Purchased

  

Average Price

Paid per Share (1)

  

Total Number of Shares

Purchased as Part of

Publicly Announced

Plans or Programs

  

Maximum Number (or

Approximate Dollar Value) of

Shares that May Yet Be Purchased

Under the Plans or Programs (as of

December 31, 2020)

(in thousands)

 

October 1, 2020 to October 31, 2020

  34,860  $7.97   34,860    

November 1, 2020 to November 30, 2020

  64,962  $10.14   64,962    

December 1, 2020 to December 31, 2020

  75,301  $10.15   75,301    

Total

  175,123       175,123  $260 

(1) Average price paid per share includes costs associated with the repurchases

 

Refer to Note J, "Treasury Stock," in this Quarterly Report, for terms of repurchase plan and additional information.

 

ITEM 3.  DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

 

None.

 

ITEM 5.  OTHER INFORMATION

 

None.

 

 

ITEM 6.     EXHIBITS

 

The following exhibit index shows those exhibits filed with this Report and those incorporated by reference:

 

EXHIBIT INDEX

Exhibit
Number

Description

 

Incorporated By Reference To

 

 

 

 

3(i)

Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of Natural Alternatives International, Inc. filed with the Delaware Secretary of State on January 14, 2005

 

Exhibit 3(i) of NAI’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2004, filed with the commission on February 14, 2005

3(ii)

Amended and Restated By-laws of Natural Alternatives International, Inc. dated as of February 9, 2009

 

Exhibit 3(ii) of NAI’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated February 9, 2009, filed with the commission on February 13, 2009

4(i)

Form of NAI’s Common Stock Certificate

 

Exhibit 4(i) of NAI’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2005, filed with the commission on December 8, 2005

31.1

Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification of Chief Executive Officer

 

Filed herewith

31.2

Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification of Chief Financial Officer

 

Filed herewith

32

Section 1350 Certification

 

Filed herewith

101.INS

XBRL Instance Document

 

Filed herewith

101.SCH

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

 

Filed herewith

101.CAL

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document

 

Filed herewith

101.DEF

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

 

Filed herewith

101.LAB

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document

 

Filed herewith

101.PRE

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

Filed herewith

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, Natural Alternatives International, Inc., the registrant, has duly caused this Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, duly authorized officers.

 

 

Date: February 9, 2021

 

 

 

NATURAL ALTERNATIVES

INTERNATIONAL, INC.

 

 

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ Mark A. LeDoux

 

 

 

Mark A. LeDoux, Chief Executive Officer

 

 

 

(principal executive officer)

 

 

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ Michael E. Fortin

 

 

 

Michael E. Fortin, Chief Financial Officer

 

 

 

(principal financial and accounting officer)

 

 

29